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Inside: 2013 Irrigation Guide & Scheduling n Real time savings with RTK auto-steer n Watch for Cowpea Aphids this season n

A communication service of the Southern Peanut Farmers Federation.


Contents May/June 2013

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Joy Carter Crosby Editor joycarter@gapeanuts.com 229-386-3690 Teresa Mays Contributing Writer Teresa2@alpeanuts.com 334-792-6482 John Leidner Contributing Writer johnleidner@bellsouth.net Southeastern Peanut Farmer P.O. Box 706, Tifton, Ga. 31793 445 Fulwood Blvd., Tifton, Ga. 31794 ISSN: 0038-3694 Southeastern Peanut Farmer ispublishedsixtimesayear (Jan./Feb.,March,April,May/June,July/Aug.,and Oct./Nov.)bytheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederation. Thepublisherisnotresponsibleforcopyomission,typographicalerrors,oranyunintentionalerrorsthatmay occur,otherthantocorrectitinthefollowingissue.Any erroneousreflectionwhichmayoccurinthecolumnsof Southeastern Peanut Farmer willbecorrectedupon broughttotheattentionoftheeditor.(Phone229-3863690.) Postmaster:Sendaddresschanges(Form3579)to Southeastern Peanut Farmer,P.O.Box706,Tifton, Georgia,31793. Circulationisfreetoqualifiedpeanutgrowersandothers alliedtotheindustry.PeriodicalpostagepaidatTifton, Georgiaandadditionalmailingoffice. Editorial Content:Editorialcopyfromsourcesoutside oftheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederationissometimes presentedfortheinformationandinterestofourmembers.Suchmaterialmay,ormaynot,coincidewithofficialSouthernPeanutFarmersFederationpolicies. Publicationofmaterialdoesnotnecessarilyimplyits endorsementbytheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederation. Foreditorialconcernscall229-386-3690.Noportionof thisorpastissuesoftheSoutheastern Peanut Farmer maybereproducedinanyformwhatsoeverwithoutthe writtenconsentoftheeditor.By-linedarticlesappearing inthispublicationrepresentviewsoftheauthorsandnot necessarilythoseofthepublisher. Advertising:ThePublisherreservestherighttorefuse anyadvertisement.Correctionstoadvertisementsmustbe madeafterthefirstrun.Allbillingofferssubjecttocredit review.Advertisementscontainedinthispublicationdo notrepresentanendorsementbytheSoutheastern Peanut Farmer ortheSouthernPeanutFarmersFederation.Use oftradenamesinthispublicationisforthepurposeof providingspecificinformationandisnotaguaranteenor warrantyofproductsnamed.Foradvertisingconcerns call229-386-3690.

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2013 Irrigation Guide Peanuts are often considered to be a relatively drought tolerant crop. However peanuts have varying water requirements during the various physiological growth stages of the crop. Learn more about peanut water use and irrigation scheduling for the 2013 growing season.

Real time savings with RTK More evidence supporting the adoption of RTK global positioning by peanut farmers is now available from the University of Georgia and Auburn University. The biggest payoff comes in saving peanuts during digging. Average yields increased by 500 pounds per acre in one year.

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Watch for Cowpea Aphids Alabama Extension entomologist Ayanava Majumdar advises peanut growers to be on the lookout for aphids feeding on peanut pegs. The pest is not a new peanut threat and has recently been detected in damaging numbers in the Florida Panhandle.

Departments: CheckoffReport.................................................................................. 8 AlabamaPeanutProducersAssociation,FloridaPeanutProducersAssociation, GeorgiaPeanutCommissionandMississippiPeanutGrowersAssociation

WashingtonOutlook............................................................................20 SouthernPeanutGrowersUpdate........................................................22 Cover Photo: Irrigation is particularly important in areas that frequently have drought in July through August and on sandy soils. Photo by John Leidner.

May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Editorial

Calendar of Events

Spring is in the Air

S

pringisfinallyintheairfollowingweeksofsomeoddandcold weatherforthemonthsofAprilandMayacrosstheSoutheast. Nowit’stimeforsunshineandwarmtemperaturessofarmerscan beginplantingtheirpeanutcrop.Thespringtimealwaysbringsa nicerefreshertomeonhowwonderfulGodistoprovideusthis wonderfullandtogrowthecropsandraisethelivestockhehasblessedus with.Aftermonthsofcoldtemperaturesthroughthewintertimewecannow viewtheflowersblooming,hearthebirdssingingandmore. Thistimeofyearalsoprovidesthepeanutindustrywithanopportunity tospreadthepeanutmessageandhelpthosewhoarelessfortunatebydonatingpeanutbuttertothefoodbanksacrosstheSoutheast.PeanutProud,a humanitarianrelieffocusedorganization,teamedupwiththeAlabama PeanutProducersAssociation,FloridaPeanutProducersAssociationand GeorgiaPeanutCommissiontodonatemorethan30,000jarsofpeanutbutter tofoodbanksacrosstheSoutheast.Thishasbeendoneinthepastbutthe differencethistimeisanewpeanutbutterjarwithaPeanutProudlabel.The labelreflectsthecommitmentoftheentirepeanutindustrytohelpthosein need.I’mproudtobeapartofeventslikethiswherethepeanutindustryis makingadifferenceinthelivesofothers. Sincesummerisrightaroundthecorner,thenitistimeforfarmersto turnintheirregistrationformsfortheSouthernPeanutGrowersConference. TheconferencewillbeheldJuly18-20,2013atEdgewaterBeachResortin PanamaCityBeach,Fla.Thisconferenceprovidesfarmerswithavarietyof informationtohelpthemgaintheknowledgetheyneedtocontinuegrowing aqualityproductforconsumers.Themainfocusonthisyear’sconference centersonsustainabilityforthepeanutindustry.GeneralSessionswillfocus onmaintainingmarketgrowth,innovationsinsustainability,productionsustainabilityandsustainingfarmpolicy.So,fromthelineupoftopicsI’msure youwillnotwanttomissallofthespeakersandentertainmentwehavein storeforyou. Laterthissummerandearlyfallbringsadditionaleducationalareasfor farmersthroughfielddayeventsacrosstheSoutheast.Researchersprovide productionupdatesatmanyoftheresearchcentersacrosstheSoutheaston topicsrelatingtovarietytrials,disease,weedandinsectmanagement,irrigationmanagementandmore.Besuretocheckoutthedatesfortheupcoming fielddayeventsinJulyandAugustonthecalendartotheright. InothernewstheUSDANationalAgriculturalStatisticsServicereleased theMarch28ProspectivePlantingsreport,whichestimatedareductionof peanutacreageby27percentfor2013intheU.S.Thereportisbasedupon March1intentionsascollectedbytheNationalAgriculturalStatistics Service.AcrosstheU.S.,peanutgrowersintendto plant1.19millionacresin2013,down27percent fromthepreviousyear’s1.63millionacres. Accordingtothereport,Georgiafarmersplanto reduceacreageby35percent,Alabamafarmersby 32percent,Floridafarmersby10percentand Mississippifarmersby58percent. Onlytimewilltellonthefinalplantedacreage resultsfor2013sincewehavehadacolderthan normalspring.However,Ihopeyouhavea wonderfulyearandproductionseason.t

Joy Carter Crosby Editor

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013

u USA Peanut Congress, June 22-25, 2013, Ritz Carlton, Amelia Island, Fla. For more information call 703-838-9500 or visit the American Peanut Council online at www.peanutsusa.org. u American Peanut Research and Education Society Annual Meeting, July 911, 2013, Brasstown Valley Resort, Young Harris, Ga. For more information call 979-8458278 or visit www.apresinc.com. u Sunbelt Ag Expo Field Day, July 11, 2013, Moultrie, Ga. For more information call 229985-1968 or visit www.sunbeltexpo.com. u Southern Peanut Growers Conference, July 18-20, 2013, Edgewater Beach Resort, Panaman City Beach, Fla. For more information call 229-386-3470 or visit www.southernpeanutfarmers.org. u Stripling Irrigation Research Park Field Day, Aug. 1, 2013, Camilla, Ga. For more information call 229-522-3623 or visit http://nespal.org/sirp/. u American Peanut Shellers Association Pre-Harvest Meeting, Aug. 6-7, 2013, Lake Blackshear, Ga. For more information call 229888-2508. u Southeast Research and Education Center Field Day, Aug. 14, 2013, Midville, Ga. For more information call Anthony Black at 478-589-7472 or rablack@uga.edu. u Florida Peanut Field Day, Aug. 15, 2013, North Florida Research and Education Center, Greenwood, Fla. For more information call Barry Tillman at 850-633-4082 or btillman@ufl.edu. u Brooklet Peanut Festival, August 17, 2013, Brooklet, Ga. For more information call 912-842-2325 or visit the festival’s web site at www.brookletpeanutfestival.com. u UGA Cotton & Peanut Research Field Day, Sept. 11, 2013, Tifton, Ga. For more information call 229-386-3006. u Georgia Peanut Tour, Sept. 17-19, 2013, Valdosta, Ga. and surrounding area. For more information call 229-386-3470 or visit www.gapeanuts.com. (Let us know about your event. Please send details to the editor, using the following e-mail address: joycrosby@gapeanuts.com)


Southern Peanut Growers Conference set for July 18-20

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he15thAnnualSouthernPeanut GrowersConferenceissetforJuly 18-20,2013,atEdgewaterBeach Resort,PanamaCityBeach,Fla. Thethree-dayeventprovidesfarmersanopportunitytolearnmoreabouttheindustryandissues affectingthemwhilealsoenjoyingarelaxing timeatthebeach. Thisyear’sconferenceoffersfarmersanopportunityto learnmoreaboutlegislativeissues,marketgrowthandproductionsustainability.

Inadditiontotheconferencesessions,the eventfocusesonthefamilybyofferingaladies programandagolftournament. Conferenceregistrationinformationisavailableonlineatwww.southernpeanutfarmers.orgor farmersshouldcontacttheirstategrowerorganizationforaregistrationform.Deadlinetoregister isJune30,2013.Hotelregistrationmustbemade separatelywithEdgewaterBeachResortbycalling1-800-8748686.Whenreservingrooms,besuretoaskfortheSouthern PeanutGrowersConferencerate. t

2013 Southern Peanut Growers Conference Tentative Schedule Thursday, July 18 1:00 - 7:30 p.m. 3:00 - 6:30 p.m. 1:00 - 6:30 p.m. 7:00 p.m. 7:30 - 10:00 p.m. Friday, July 19 6:45 a.m. 7:00 a.m. 8:15 a.m.

9:30 a.m. 9:45 a.m. Noon 1:00 p.m.

Saturday, July 20 6:45 a.m. 7:00 a.m. 8:45 a.m.

Noon 12:30 - 6 p.m. 7:00 p.m. 7:30 p.m.

Conference Registration, Edgewater Conference Ctr. Room Registration, Edgewater Conference Ctr. Conference Hospitality, Edgewater Conference Ctr. Welcoming Reception, Sago Palm Ballroom Welcoming Dinner, Grand Palm Ballroom Registration Opens Prayer Breakfast, Grand Palm A & B Presentation of the Valor Award General Session I - Maintaining Market Growth Topics include: Industry Changes & Innovation, The Domestic Markets, The International Markets and A Manufacturer’s View Spouse Program, Sago Palm 2 & 3 Refreshment Break General Session II - Innovations for Sustainability Topics include: Energy Alternatives, Incentatives for Rural Development and Solar Energy Luncheon, Grand Palm A & B General Session III - Production Sustainability Topics include: Production Techniques, Disease Management and The Future in Genomics Evening on Your Own in Panama City Beach! Registration Open Breakfast, Grand Palm A & B Presentation of the Farm Press Peanut Profitability Awards General Session IV - Sustaining Farm Policy Topics include: Congressional Viewpoint, Agricultural Political Trends and The Farm Bill Refreshment Break Lunch on your own and afternoon free! Golf Tournament, Hombre Golf Course Reception, Sago Palm Ballroom Dinner and Entertainment, Grand Palm Ballroom May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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2013 Irrigation Guide P

eanutsareoftenconsidered tobearelativelydroughttolerantcrop.However, peanutshavevaryingwater requirementsduringthevariousphysiologicalgrowthstagesofthecrop(see Table1)–fromlessthan0.3inchesper weekearlyinthelifeoftheplantto0.3 inchesperdayatpeakfruitingstage.To maximizeyieldandensuretopquality,the waterdemandsofthepeanutcropinthe Southeastwilloftenhavetobemetwith irrigationasepisodicdroughtsarebecomingmorecommon.Pastresearchhas shownsignificantyieldreductionwhen waterdeficitsoccurduringthe50to110 daysafterplantingtimeframe. Irrigationisparticularlyimportantin areasthatfrequentlyhavedroughtinJuly throughAugustandonsandysoils. MultipleyearsofresearchtrialsinTifton,

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PlainsandMidville,Ga.,haveshowna 1,200pluspoundperacreyieldincrease fromirrigationfortheGeorgia-06Gcultivar.Irrigationisoftenusedasasupplementtorainfall,astotalrelianceonirrigationwouldbedifficultforsomeproducers.

Researchinthe1970sthatdeterminedthewaterresponse/usecurveand irrigationrequirementforpeanutswas conductedonFlorunnercultivarand becamethebasisoftheUniversityof Georgiapeanutirrigationrecommendations.Theresearchresultsofthe1970s indicatedthatapeanutplantneeds approximately23inchesofwaterfrom plantinguntilharvest.Approximately18 ofthose23inches(78percent)ofwateris neededduringweeks10-17(8weeks,or 40percent)ofthe20-weekgrowingseason. RarelydoesthestateofGeorgia receive23inchesofrainfallduringthe growingseason.Therefore,inmostevery year,weareinarainfalldeficitforpeanut production.Themostcriticalperiodsare thegerminationtoemergenceandthe fruitingstages.Atpeakfruitingperiod, theplantneedsabout0.3inchesofwater perday. Irrigationwatermustbeappliedcorrectly(timingandamount)forproper yieldsandgrade.Watercanbeappliedto thesoilusingoverheadsprinklersystems (centerpivot,lateral,hosetows,bigguns, etc.),surfacedriporsubsurfacedripirrigation.Regardlessoftheirrigationsystem type,eachsystemmustbemanagedcorrectlyforproperwaterapplication.Over irrigationcanincreasetheriskofdisease, whileunderirrigationcanincreasethe riskofaflatoxincontamination. Properirrigationschedulingcanpromotehighyieldandgradeandcanbe accomplishedbymanualorelectronic sensorstocheckwatercontent,sensorsto monitorplantwaterstatus,useofanirrigationschedulingcomputerprogram,or byfollowingaschedulesuchastheone presentedinTable2,whichwasdevelopedbyJohnBeasleyandJimHookof theUniversityofGeorgia.

Table 1. Critical Periods for Water Use by Peanut

Plant Growth Stage

Plant Indicators

Germination & Emergence

Planting thru vegetative emergence

High

Early Vegetative

Emergence to flowering/pegging

Low

Fruiting

Flowering/pegging to pod addition/fill

High

Maturation

Late pod fill to harvest

Moderate

Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013

Relative Drought Susceptibility


Raingaugesshouldbeusedtomeasurethewater receivedfromrainandtheamountsuppliedbyirrigation.Anexampleofhowtousethesevaluesisincluded below. Intervalsformostoftheseasonwillbethreeto fourdaysforcoarsetexturedsand,fourtosixdaysfor moreproductiveloamysandandsandyloam,andfive toeightdaysforfinetexturedsandyloamorclaysoils. Athreetosixdayintervalwillfitamajorityofthe situations.t By CALvin PERRy GARy HAwKinS & JoHn BEASLEy UnivERSiTy oF GEoRGiA

Irrigation example Step 1. ThesoiltypeofthefieldisaTiftonloamy sand.Theaverageavailablewaterholdingcapacityis 0.9inchesperfoot.Assumingarootingdepthof2 feet,thetotalavailablewateris1.8inches(2feetx 0.9inchesperfoot). Step 2. Thepeanutcropisateightweekofgrowth. Assumewaterisnotlimitedandusethe2.0inch max.FromTable2,theweeklywaterneedbythe cropis1.0inches(2.0max).Thiscorrespondsto 0.14inches/day. Step 3. Determinereplacementamountbysettingthe lowerallowablelimitofavailablewaterintheprofile.Forthisexample,wewilluseatypicalvalueof 50percent(i.e.onlyhalfthewaterintherootzone willbeallowedtobedepleted).Therefore,0.9inches ofwaterwillbeneededtoreplacethewaterused (1.8inchesx0.50). Step 4. Determinetheamountofirrigationtoapply bydividingtheamounttobereplacedbyanirrigationefficiencyfromTable3.(Therearealwayslossesbetweenwaterpumpedandwateractuallyreachingthecrop,suchasevaporation,drift,etc.).Inthis example,wewillassumeafairlynewcenterpivot withoptimalefficiency,souse88percent.Thus, amounttoapply=0.9inches/0.88=1.02inches. Step 5. Determinethefrequencyofirrigationby dividingtheamountofwaterreplaced(fromStep3) bywateruseperday(fromStep2).Forexample,frequency=0.9/0.14=6days. Step 6. Inthisexample,itwouldbenecessaryto apply1.02incheseverysixdaystomaintain50percentavailablewaterintheTiftonloamysandsoil profileforpeanutintheeighthweekofgrowth.Any rainfallreceivedwouldbesubtractedfromthe amounttoapply.

For additional information and to download the University of Georgia 2013 Peanut Production Update visit www.ugapeanuts.com

Table 2. Peanut Irrigation Schedule Suggested for High Yields. Use 1.5 in/wk maximum if water is limited or above normal rainfall. Otherwise, consider using the 2.0 in/wk maximum.

Weeks of Growing 1.5 Inches/Week Season Maximum

2.0 Inches/Week Maximum

0-4

0.1 - 0.2

0.1 - 0.2

5-6

0.5

0.75

7-9

0.75

1.0

10 - 12

1.5

1.5

13 - 17

1.5

2.0

18 - 20

0.5

0.75

Table 3. Examples of Application Efficiency Values for Various Irrigation Systems.

Type Irrigation System

Application Efficiency Attainable

Expected

85% 95%

75 - 90% 75 - 95%

95%

75 - 95%

Micro-Irrigation Subsurface drip Micro-Spray

95% 95%

75 - 95% 70 - 95%

Trickle

95%

70 - 95%

Moving Big Gun

75%

60 - 75%

Center Pivot With Impact Sprinklers With Spray-type Sprinklers Lateral Move with Spray-type Sprinklers

Irrigation scheduling Themoisturebalanceor“checkbook”methodofschedulingisarelativelystraight-forwardmeansof determiningwhentoirrigate.This helpsagrowerkeepupwithanestimatedamountofavailablewaterin thefieldasthecropgrows.The objectiveistomaintainarecordof incomingandoutgoingwatersothat anadequatebalanceamountismaintainedforcropgrowth. The University of Georgia EASY PAN Othermethodsofirrigation is a simplified pan evaporation device schedulinginclude“expertsystems” farmers can use to assist with scheduling irrigation. orsoftwaresuchasIrrigatorPro (USDA),soilmoisturesensorsfrom companiessuchasIrrometer,Decagon,AquaSpy,AquaCheck,John DeereWaterandtheUGAEASYPan(asimplifiedpanevaporation device).Thesedevicesprovidenearreal-timereadingsofeithersoil moisturecontentorsoilwatertensionintherootzoneandcanidentify whenwaterisneededtoreplenishtherootzone.t

May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Checkoff Report Investments Made by Growers for the Future of the Peanut Industry.

Mississippi growers fund research projects in 2013 TheMississippiPeanutGrowersAssociationandtheNationalPeanutBoard arefundingthreeresearchprojectsin2013inMississippi.Oneprojectwillagain dealwithpeanutdiseaselookingatfungicidesuppressionofSouthernStemRot infectionsconductedbyAlanHenn,MississippiStateUniversityExtensionplant pathologist.Asecondprojectinvolvestheimpactofinsectpestsonpeanutyields andmanagementoptionsconductedbyJeffGoreandDonCookattheDelta ResearchandExtensionCenter.Thethirdprojectcontinuesthe“Standardizationof MississippiPeanutVarietyTrials”gettingunderwaythisyearatfivelocations acrossthestate.Thevarietytrialshopetoobtaingrowersyieldinformationonseveralnewpeanutvarietiesplusthreewidelygrownpeanutvarietiesacrossthestate in2012.TheMississippicheckofffundsthroughthePeanutPromotionBoardalso fundedacoupleofotherprojects.

Mississippi peanut growers provide educational materials TheMississippiPeanutGrowersAssociation,workingwiththeMississippi FarmBureauPeanutCommoditycoordinator,SamanthaWebb,providededucationalmaterialsfor105countyofficesacrossMississippi.Theinformation brochures,providedbythePeanutInstitute,covereddiabetesandhearthealthy peanuts.Also,12countyFarmBureauofficesmadespecialdisplaysduringMarch tofeaturepeanutsastheircommodityofthemonthandgaveawaythenewMPGA peanutsamplebags.

Mississippi peanut growers celebrate National Peanut Month DuringMarch,NationalPeanutMonth,DonSelf,MississippiPeanutGrowers Association(MPGA)boardmember,wasinterviewedontwotelevisionstationsin northeastMississippi.TheMPGAalsoprovidedpeanutgoodybasketstoaidin discussionofthemanypeanutproductsavailabletotheconsumer.Malcolm Broome,executivedirectorofMPGA,hadinterviewsontwostationsinJackson, Miss.;oneinMeridianandoneontheGulfCoast.Thelead-infortheinterviews highlightedhowpeanutsarehearthealthyandendorsedbytheAmericanHeart Association.Anumberofphonecallswerereceivedfollowingtheinterviewsby viewerswhowantedmoreinformationaboutpeanuts.

Georgia Peanut Commission hosts third grade students at new headquarters TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionpromoted peanutstothirdgradestudentsfromLenLastinger PrimarySchoolinTiftonrecently.Thestudentshad theopportunitytolearnaboutallaspectsofthe peanutindustryfromfarmtotable. Studentslearnedaboutthehistoryandproductionofpeanuts,aswellas environmentalconservationandhabitats.Thechildrenwerealsoabletoplant theirownpeanutplanttotakehomewiththemandplayafewpeanutrelated gamesbeforehavinglunchandheadingbacktoschool. Viewphotosonlinefromtheschool’sfieldtripatwww.gapeanuts.com.

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013

Alabama peanut producers participate in March of Dimes walk Membersof the2013Peanut Teamsforthe Dothan-Wiregrass areaandthe Mobile-Baldwin countyregion recentlyparticipatedineventsfortheMarchofDimesandtheir annual“MarchforBabies”walk.Thismarked thefourthconsecutiveyear,theAlabama PeanutProducersAssociation(APPA)sponsoredtheKid’sActivitiestentateachwalk. Childrenofallagesandtheirparentsvisitthe tenttomakepeanutartsandcrafts,receive peanutsandinformationonthehealthbenefits ofpeanuts. TheseeventsareheldacrosstheU.S.to helpraisemoneysotheMarchofDimescan fundresearchandhelppreventprematurity andbirthdefects.RepresentativesfromAPPA, AlfaWomensCommitteesandtheNational PeanutFestivalmadeupthetwopeanutteams forthisyear’sevents.

Kentucky group tours local Alabama farm TheBlock andBridleClub fromMurray StateUniversity, Murray,Ky., recentlytoured Southernfarms. OnetourstopincludedavisittoFred Helms’farminRehobeth,Ala.Thestudents heardaninformativetalkpresentedbyKris Balkcom,fromtheWiregrassResearchand ExtensionCenter,ongrowingpeanutsin southAlabama.Helmsservesonthe AlabamaPeanutProducersandtheHouston CountyFarm-CityFarmTourCommittee. Thestudentsalsovisitedadditionalfarmsin SouthCarolina,FloridaandTennessee.


Reports from the: Alabama Peanut Producers Association Florida Peanut Producers Association Georgia Peanut Commission Mississippi Peanut Growers Association

Scholarship money available from FPPA TheFloridaPeanutProducersAssociationispleasedto announcetheopeningoftheir2013ScholarshipAward Program,effectiveApril1,2013.Two$1,200scholarships willbeawardedtodeservinghighschoolseniorsand/orcollegestudents.Theapplicantorsomeoneintheapplicant’s familymustbeanactivelyproducingpeanutgrower,not necessarilyamemberoftheFPPA.Itistheintentofthe ScholarshipAwardCommittee,however,thattheaward recipientsattendaFloridajuniorcollegeorfour-yearuniversity.Eachwinnerwillreceive$600whenthescholarship winnersareannounced.Theremaining$600willbeawardedafterthecompletionofonesemesteranddocumentation ofpassinggradesissubmittedtotheFPPAOffice. “TheFloridaPeanutProducersAssociationiscommittedtohelpingfurthertheeducationofyoungpeoplein Florida,andthescholarshipprogramisevidenceofour commitment,”saysKenBarton,executivedirectorofthe FPPA. Foranapplication,contacttheFPPAofficeat850-5262590ordownloadtheapplicationonlineat www.flpeanuts.com.Thescholarshipapplicationsmustbe postmarkednolaterthanJuly1,2013.

Peanut day at the Florida State Fair Largecrowdsgatheredatthecookingdemonstrationstageinthe AgHallofFamebuildingduringthe2013FloridaStateFairin TampawhilepeanutrecipeswerepreparedbyFloridaPeanut ProducersAssociation.Attendeesvisitedwithpeanutfarmers, enjoyed“FreshFromFlorida”peanutsandwereabletogaininformationaboutpeanutproductioninFlorida,aswellashealthand nutritionalinformationaboutpeanutsandpeanutproducts.

Sherry Saunders, FPPA, prepares a no-bake peanut butter pie on the cooking stage during the Florida State Fair in Tampa, Fla.

Ken Barton, FPPA, discusses peanut production with attendees during the Florida State Fair in Tampa, Fla.

Georgia Peanut Commission educates school foodservice at convention

Georgia Peanut Commission sponsors Georgia FFA Star in Agriscience Award

TheGeorgiaSchoolNutrition Associationcelebratedtheir58th AnnualStateConferencein Savannah,Ga.,April11-13,2013. TheGeorgiaPeanutCommission distributedfoodservicerecipes, peanutsandsamplesofpeanut recipestoattendees. Foreventssuchasthis,specialrecipesarepreparedthat takeintoaccountforlargequantitiesofschoolchildrenneedingtobenutritionallyfortified.Peanutsarehighinprotein andhearthealthy,makingthemhealthyandanexcellent choicetofuelandbuildthemindsoftomorrow! OnefeaturedrecipewasthePeanutButterRainbow SprinkleCookies.Therecipeincludesthreecupsofpeanut buttertoyield100servings.Theotherrecipe,PeanutButter CrispyTreats,alsohasthreecupsofpeanutbutterasan ingredientandyields96servings. TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionhasalsosponsoreda PeanutRecipeContesttohelpinthedevelopmentofnew recipesandpromoteGeorgiapeanutstoschoolfoodservice.

TheGeorgiaPeanut Commissionandthe PeanutInstituteteamed uptosponsortheGeorgia FFAStarinAgriscience Awardduringthestate conventionheldin Macon,Ga.TheState StarinAgriscienceaward Joe Boddiford, Georgia Peanut waspresentedtoReaud Commission board member, presents the Star in Agriscience award to the SimsofLowndesCounty. state winner Reaud Sims of Lowndes Thestatefinalistswere County. KatieSiemionofCedar ShoalsFFAChapterand AustinTurnerofUnionGroveFFAChapter. TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionalsoexhibitedduring thecareershowandsponsoredtheGeorgiaFFA Alumni photoboothduringthecareershow.ManyFFA members lineduptohavetheirphototakenatthephotobooth.Each memberreceiveda4x6printwiththeGeorgiaPeanutslogo displayedonthephoto. May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Photo by Joy Crosby, Georgia Peanut Commission.

Peanut Proud peanut butter is not available in stores and is only processed at Tara Foods in Albany, Ga., for food banks and disaster zones.

Althoughotherpeanutbutterbrands canbefoundinstores,PeanutProudis serveduponlyforfoodbanksanddisasterzones. “Peanutbutterisverynutritiousand ispackedwithprotein,”saidCarl Sanders,presidentoftheAlabamaPeanut ProducersAssociation.“Soit’snosurprisethatpeopleinneedoffood,from facilitiesasourstate’sfoodbanks,have peanutbutteratthetopoftheirlist.” Thethousandsofjarsofpeanutbutter weredividedinAlabamasothatfood banksacrossthestatewillbeabletohelp thoselivingintheircommunity.Alabama foodbanksincludedinthepeanutbutter

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distributionincludesMontgomery, Dothan,Mobile,Opelika/Auburn,Selma, Tuscaloosa,BirminghamandHuntsville. “Peanutbutteristhemostneeded itematthefoodbankbecauseitisjampackedwithnutritionalvalueandeveryonelovesit,”saysRichEnglish,executivedirectorofSecondHarvestoftheBig Bend.“Wejustcan’tthankFPPAand PeanutProudenoughforthishugecontributionofagreatfoodbankstaple.” “ThepartnershipwithPeanutProud isagreatopportunityforustoexpandour ongoinghumanitarianeffortsinFlorida,” saysKenBarton,FPPAexecutivedirector. “Welookforwardtocontinuingtohelp fighthungerandtoexpandourrelationshipwithPeanutProud.” Thepeanutbuttermadewith Southeasterngrownpeanutswillalsohelp feedfamiliesin30SouthGeorgiacountiesthroughSecondHarvestofSouth Georgia. “SecondHarvestofSouthGeorgiais sogratefulnotonlytotheGeorgiaPeanut Commissionbutalsotothefarmers statewidewhohelpedmakethispossible. Theirdonationwillhelpfeedthousands ofSouthGeorgiafamilies,”saysEliza McCall,chiefmarketingofficerofSecond HarvestofSouthGeorgia.“Nutritious foodsgenerallycostmorethanlow-qualityfoods,whichmakesitevenmoredifficultforlow-incomefolkstogetthenourishmenttheyneed.Peanutbutterisagreat additiontoourfoodbankstoresbecause ofitsincrediblenutritionalvalue.” SecondHarvestofSouthGeorgiais theregion’sleadingdomestichungerreliefcharity.HeadquarteredinValdosta, theorganizationhaslocationsinAlbany, DouglasandThomasville. “OnbehalfofGeorgia’s4,000 peanutfarmers,theGeorgiaPeanut Commissionisproudtodonatepeanut buttertotheSecondHarvestofSouth GeorgiaFoodBank,”saysArmond Morris,chairmanoftheGeorgiaPeanut Commission.“Peanutbutterisacost effectivewayforindividualstoreceive

Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013

Alabama donation to Montgomery Area Food Bank

Florida donation to America’s Second Harvest of the Big Bend

Photo by Jessie Turk, Georgia Peanut Commission.

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wenty-onepalletsofpeanut butterwererecentlydeliveredtofoodbanksin Alabama,Floridaand Georgiawithatotalof30,240jarsof peanutbutter.Thedonationwillbedistributedtolocalfoodbankswithinthe MontgomeryAreaFoodBankin Alabama,America’sSecondHarvestof theBigBendinFloridaandSecond HarvestofSouthGeorgiafoodbankin Georgia. Thelargedonationwasmadepossiblethroughacooperativeeffortbetween PeanutProudandthegrowercheckoff organizations.PeanutProudisahumanitarianefforttocurbhunger.

Photo by Teresa Mays, Alabama Peanut Producers Association.

Grower organizations donate peanut butter to food banks

Georgia donation to Second Harvest of South Georgia nutrientssuchasproteintheyneedin theirdietstostayhealthy.” Thepeanutbutterdonatedwas processedatTaraFoods,inAlbany,Ga., usingSoutheasterngrownpeanuts.The peanutbutterwasdeliveredtothefood banksinAlabama,FloridaandGeorgia courtesyofSouthernAgCarriers.t By Joy CRoSBy & TERESA MAyS


May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Real time savings with RTK

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oreevidencesupportingtheadoptionof RTKglobalpositioning bypeanutfarmers comesfromUniversityofGeorgiaand AuburnUniversityresearch. RTKstandsforrealtimekinematic andisthemostaccuratemethodofGPSbasedautomatedsteeringavailableto farmers. Forpeanutfarmers,thebiggestpayoffcomesinsavingpeanutsduringdigging.UniversityofGeorgiaagengineer, GeorgeVellidis,pointsoutthatwhile invertingpeanuts,thedigger-shakerinverterequipmentneedstobecentered ontherowswherepeanutswereplanted. OnasouthGeorgiapeanutfarm,he comparedtheresultsofRTK-guided plantinganddiggingwiththosefroman experttractordriverwithoutsuchguidance.“Myresearchteamcompleteda studyevaluatingtheyieldgainedbyusing RTKauto-steertoplantandinvert peanuts,”heexplains. Vellidisconductedthestudyovertwo yearsonthefarmofKeithBarnettein TurnerCounty,Ga.Thefieldshechose forthestudywereslopingandmanyof therowswerecurved.Thefieldwas dividedintorowareaswithhigh,medium andlowcurvature.Averageyields increasedby440poundsperacreone yearand500poundsperacreintheother yearbyusingRTKauto-steering. WhatsurprisedVellidisthemostwas thatthehighestyieldincreasesfromRTK camefromportionsofthefieldwhere therewaslittleifanycurvatureinthe rows.“Wefoundthatalthoughautosteeringoutperformshumansunderallcondi-

University of Georgia ag engineer, George Vellidis, says RTK auto-steering would benefit other crops, in addition to peanuts, grown on the farm.

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University of Georgia ag engineer, George Vellidis, conducted a study comparing the results of RTK-guided planting and digging with those from an expert tractor driver over two years on the farm of Keith Barnette in Turner County, Ga. The fields he chose for the study were sloping and many of the rows were curved. The field was divided into row areas with high, medium and low curvature. Average yields increased by 440 pounds per acre one year and 500 pounds per acre in the other year by using RTK auto-steering.

tions,itoutperformshumansthemoston straightrows,”hesaid.“Theconventional wisdomwasthatauto-steeroutperforms humansthemostoncurvedrows.” Vellidisaddsthatevenonstraight rows,thehumanoperatorisnotableto keepthetractoroverthecenterline becauseofthesolidgreencanopyand becausethetractordriverisconstantly turningbacktocheckontheimplement. HeexplainedthatmostcurrentRTK auto-steeringkeepsthetractoroverthe row,butnotalwaystheimplementsbeing pulledbythetractorThisisparticularly trueonslopedlandorcurvingrowswhere eithergravityorthemomentumofthe implementpreventitfromfollowingthe samepathasthetractor. Vellidissaysnewimplementguidanceofferingsfromtheequipmentindustryhelpkeeptheimplementonthecentersoftheplantedrows.Oneoftheseis theTrimbleTrueGuidesystemthatplaces theimplementoverthecenteroftherow. Thepurposeofthistechnologyistokeep trailingimplements,suchasadiggershaker-inverter,fromdriftingsidetoside. Tobefullyeffective,theTrueGuideand similarsystemsrequiretheimplementto betowedratherthanmounted.

Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013

Inhisstudy,Vellidissaidthe TrueGuidesystemperformedpoorly underhighcurvatureconditions.He explainedthiswasprobablybecausethe systemwasconstantlyover-andundercorrectingwithoutbeingabletoproperly adjusttothecurvedrowconditions becauseboththeplanterandtheinverter weremountedtothetractorratherthan beingtowed. Ontheotherhand,theTrueGuide wasimpressivewhenusedinthelow-curvatureandlow-slopeconditions.Vellidis saidtheTrueGuidewouldperformbestif itwastowedbehindthetractorratherthan mountedonthetractor. Overall,hefoundthatRTKautosteeringreduceddigginglossesby32percentin2010and23percentin2011. VellidisconcludedthatanRTK investmentof$23,000couldbepaidfor inoneyearwithhighpeanutpricesand 180acresofpeanuts.Withnormalpeanut prices,itmighttake250acrestopayfor theRTKinoneyear.Hepointedoutthat RTKauto-steeringwouldbenefitother crops,inadditiontopeanuts,grownon thefarm. KrisBalkcom,researchagronomist withtheAgronomyandSoilsDept.at


AuburnUniversity,isanotherproponent ofRTKauto-steering.Speakingearlier thisyearattheannualmeetingofthe MississippiPeanutGrowersAssociation, Balkcomsaidpeanutfarmerslookingto savemoneyshouldlookseriouslyat investinginRTK. “RTKpaysforitself,”Balkcomadds. HecitedearlierworkhedidwithlongtimeExtensionAlabamapeanutagronomist,DallasHartzog,thatshowedthe benefitsofRTK. AtthesametimethatVellidisconductedtheRTKresearchinsouth Georgia,Balkcomconductedsimilartrials inacompanionstudyattheWiregrass ResearchandExtensionCenterin Headland,Ala.Balkcom’strialsalsofeaturedanexperttractordrivercompeting withRTKauto-steering. “IthoughtthateveryfieldinGeorgia wasflatandbig,buttheonetheyused therewasafieldshapedlikeahorseshoe, andyouhadtomakehorseshoeturns,” Balkcomexplains.“Iguaranteeyouthat youwon’tstayontherowwithoutRTK.” BalkcomconcededthattheGeorgia trialsshowedagreateradvantageand moresavedpeanutsduringharvestfor

For peanut farmers, the biggest payoff comes in saving peanuts during digging. Kris Balkcom, research agronomist with the Agronomy and Soils Dept. at Auburn University, says growers can expect to net $20 to $40 per acre in additional yields by using RTK on digging alone.

RTKthanhistrials.Basedonthe research,Balkcomsaysgrowerscan expecttonet$20to$40peracreinadditionalyieldsbyusingRTKondigging alone. “Thatisahugereturn,”headds.“It doesn’ttakemanyacrestopayforthat.”

BoththeGeorgiaandAlabamastudiesweremadepossiblebyagrantfrom theNationalPeanutBoard’sSoutheastern PeanutResearchInitiativeCommittee. ThestudieswereledbyBrendaOrtizat AuburnUniversity.t By JoHn LEidnER

University of Georgia ag engineer, George Vellidis, said the TrueGuide would perform best if it was towed behind the tractor rather than mounted on the tractor. The purpose of this technology is to keep trailing implements from drifting side to side.

May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Watch for Cowpea Aphids

Photo credit: Greg Esco, Crop Consultant in Jay, Fla.

Photo credit: Greg Esco, Crop Consultant in Jay, Fla.

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labamaExtensionentomologistAyanava Majumdaradvisespeanut growerstobeonthelookoutforaphidsfeedingonpeanutpegs. Inparticular,he’sconcernedabout thecowpeaaphid,apestdetectedindamagingnumberslastyearinSantaRosa CountyintheFloridaPanhandle.Hesays droughtmayaggravateaphidinfestations insandysoils. Thecowpeaaphidisnotanew peanutthreat.Majumdarsaysithasbeen adocumentedpestsincethe1970s.Many scientistsinU.S.andBrazilhavereported thatcowpeaaphidscantransmitvirusesin peanuts.Intheinfestationslastyear, adultsandnymphsclusteredaround developingpegs.Thisresultedintheloss ofpegsandpoorpodformation. Cowpeaaphidadultsareshinyblack insectswithwhitelegsandblacktipson thelegs.Theyalsohaveapairofdark tube-likestructuresextendingfromtheir abdomens.Cowpeaaphidnymphsare smallerthantheadultsandaregrayishin color.Majumdarsayscowpeaaphids injectapowerfultoxinthroughtheir piercing-suckingmouthparts.Thiscauses adarkeninganddeformationofthepegs. Thereisnoeconomicthresholdfor aphidsonpeanutpegs,accordingto Majumdar.Hesaysconstantmonitoring ofthepegsistheonlywaytodetectaphid

Cowpea aphids feeding in colonies on peanut pegs.

infestationsearly.Oncedetected,he advisescheckingfieldsrandomlytwice perweeksincepopulationscanrapidly increase.Healsonotesthatinitialaphid populationstendtoclusterincertainparts ofthefield.Sorandomscoutingthroughoutthefield,notjustinonelocation,will beakeytofindingtheaphids. Headdsthatscoutingforaphidpests onthepegscanalsohelpindetectingthe presenceofburrowerbugsandlesser cornstalkborersthatmayalso requiretreatment. Aphidpopulationsaregenerallykeptincheckbynatural enemies,accordingto Majumdar.However,hewarns thatroutineuseofcontactinsecticidescanremovethesenatural enemiesandtherebyincrease thethreatofanexplosive growthintheaphidpopulations. Majumdarsaysweedssuch asdandelion,lambsquarter,pepperweedandpigweedalsohost cowpeaaphids. Thebestmethodofcontrollingcowpeaaphidsistospray aninsecticidecontainingimidacloprid.TheinsecticideSherpa In the absence of live aphids, numerous molted skin may be contains17percentimidaclovisible on the developing pegs.

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013

prid,andshouldbedirectedatthebaseof theplants.Majumdarsaysthattwoapplications,fivedaysapart,maybeneeded foradequatecontrol.Headvisesscouting fieldstwotothreedaysafterthefirst treatmenttoseeifasecondapplicationis warranted. Admireisanotherinsecticidewith imidaclopridasitsactiveingredient. MajumdarsaysAdmireisbestusedasan in-furrowspraybelowtheseedearlyin thegrowingseason. “Ifyoufinddeformedpeanutpegs butnoliveaphids,thenthedamageis alreadydoneandrescuetreatmentwith imidaclopridmaynotdomuch,”adds Majumdar.Healsonotesthatpegswith shortlengthsofwhitemoltedskinfrom theaphidscanindicateapriorinfestation ofcowpeaaphids. Majumdarsaysthatimidaclopridwill notaffectcaterpillarsandmites,sokeep scoutingforthosepests.Imidaclopridis aneffectiveproductforcontrollingadditionalpeanutpestssuchasleafhoppers andwhiteflies. Healsosaysgrowerswillneedto waitatleast14daysfromthetimeofthe lastimidaclopridapplicationuntil harvesting. t By JoHn LEidnER


Stop flowering, raise yields

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maginesprayingsomething ontopeanutplantsthatwould stopthefloweringprocess.At firstglance,youmightthink thiswouldreduceyields.Butscientists arenowsayingthatifthiscanbedone lateinthegrowingseason,itmightactuallyincreaseyieldsandgrades. Flowersproducedattheendofthe growingseasoncontributelittleifanythingtothefinalyieldandgradeofthe crop.Sprayingaherbicidethatactsasa plantgrowthregulatorisonewayofstoppingthisfruitlessflowering. Whenthenewlateflowersstop growing,thecarbohydratesandnutrients thatareprocessedbytheplantarethen redirectedtotheexistingpegsandpods— theonesthatactuallymakeupthebulkof thefinalharvestableyieldandgrade. Thisapproachwasexplainedto membersoftheMississippiPeanut GrowersAssociationattheirannualmeetingearlierthisyear.Thespeakerwas MarshallLamb,researchleaderforthe USDA-AgriculturalResearchServiceat theNationalPeanutResearchLaboratory inDawson,Ga.

fromtheNationalPeanut Labaretryingtotransform indeterminatepeanutsintoa determinatecrop. “We’retryingto improvethematuritydistributionofpeanuts,”said Lamb.Theideabehindthis conceptistogetasmany peanutsaspossibletoshow theblackcolor,whichindicatesfullmaturity,when usingthehull-scrapemethod andpeanutprofileboards. AccordingtoLamb,the late-formingflowerstake energyfromtheplantthat couldbeusedtofinish Flowers produced at the end of the growing season contribute maturingthecrop.In little if anything to the final yield and grade of the crop. essence,hesaysdepriving theplantofthelateflowers produceabout14flowersperfootper actuallyhelpstoacceleratethecrop’s day.“Ourgeneticistslookedatthepollen maturity. fromnewflowersofthetreatedplants “Thereisapointintimewhenthese andfoundthatitwasnotviablepollen,” additionalflowerscomeonanddevelop pegsthatwillhavenochancetohelpyour addedLamb. Lambsaystheresearchwasoriginalyieldandgrades,”saidLamb.“Immature lydesignedtohelpimprovetheflavorof peanutsalsogiveusflavorproblems.” peanuts.Thescientistsweresurprisedand Sofar,the pleasedwhenthetreatmentsintheirrepliUSDAscientists This research is still in the early stages. Neither catedplotsincreasedboththeyieldand haveusedtwo glyphosate nor diflufenzopyr are labeled for this use thegradesofthepeanuts. compounds.Oneis in peanuts and until the research is completed, it is “Inourirrigatedplots,wesawa700aBASFchemical recommended that producers not try this. Finding pound-per-acreyieldincreasefromthese withthecommon the best treatment rates will be an important next treatments,”saidLamb.“Thehigher nameofdiflufenstep for the researchers. yieldsaremainlyduetobetterkerneldenzopyrthatissomeMarshall Lamb sity.Thekernelsweighedmoreandthat timesusedinweed Research Leader controlforcornand showedupinbetteryieldsandgrades.” Thisresearchisstillintheearly pastures.Theother USDA-Agricultural Research Service stages.Neitherglyphosatenordiflufenisgeneric National Peanut Research Laboratory zopyrarelabeledforthisuseinpeanuts glyphosate,the anduntiltheresearchiscompleted,itis Lambsaidresearchonthistopicwas activeingredientinRoundupherbicide. recommendedthatproducersnottrythis. conductedlastyearinGeorgiaandin “Wesawhowglyphosateinterrupted Findingthebesttreatmentrateswill fieldplotslocatednearWalnutRidge, pollinationonRoundupReadycottonand beanimportantnextstepforthe Ark. wewantedtoseeifitdidthesamething researchers.Whentheratesaretoohigh, Peanutsareindeterminateplants.This inpeanuts,”saidLamb.Theglyphosate meanstheyproduceflowersthroughout wasappliedtothepeanutsatratesoftwo, theherbicidaltraitsofthecompoundscan injureandevenkillthepeanutplants. thegrowingseason,evenupuntilharvest. fourandsixouncesperacre. Peanutplantsalsohavetheabilityto OnlyasmallportionoftheseflowersproThescientistsappliedthesecomducematurefruit.Inotherwords,peanut poundsabout100daysafterplanting,and outgrowsomeofthisherbicidalinjury.So somevisual,temporaryinjurytothe plantscontinuetomakeflowerspastthe thentheystartedcountingflowers. plantsmaybeasmallpricetopayin pointofnoreturn.Determinateplants,on Afterthediflufenzopyrwasapplied, returnforbetteryieldsandgrades.t theotherhand,produceflowersandfruit thenewflowercountdroppedtoabout overashortperiodoftime. twotothreeflowersperfootperday, Inessence,Lambsays,researchers whiletheuntreatedplantscontinuedto By JoHn LEidnER

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013


Sunbelt Ag Expo Field Day set for July 11

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esearch,innovationand education-you’llhear thesethreewordsrepeated timeandagainwhen describingwhatavisitorwillfindatthe SunbeltAgExpoFieldDay.Thefieldday isscheduledforThursday,July11,at SpenceFieldinMoultrie,siteofthe SunbeltExpo,beginningwithabiscuit breakfastat7:15a.m.FieldDayisan annualpreviewforthebigshowheldin Octoberandit’sanopportunityforfarmerstoseethelatestseedvarieties,chemicalapplications,irrigationtechnologyand precisionagtechnologyallinanapplied researchsetting. TheUniversityofGeorgiaPeanut Teamisconductingaresearchtrialcomparingeightrunner-typepeanutcultivars fortheirresponsetosingleandtwinrow plantingpatterns.Fivecurrentlyavailable cultivarsandthreenewlyreleasedcultivarswereplantedinlateAprilandwillbe ondisplay.Peanutproducershavealotto beexcitedaboutinregardstopeanutcultivarselection.ThepeanutbreedingprogramsattheUniversityofGeorgia, USDA-ARS,andtheUniversityof Floridahavedevelopedandrecently releasedcultivarsthatprovideproducers withahigheryieldplateaucomparedto theoldstandard,GeorgiaGreen.Early resultsindicatethesenewcultivarscan,

onaverage,yield 500to1,000 poundsperacre morethanGeorgia Green. TargetSpotor CorynesporaLeaf Spotisafungal diseaseofcotton thathasbecomean increasingconcern forproducersas researcherslearn moreaboutits impactonyield andquality.As John Beasley, University of Georgia peanut agronomist, discusses the research trial during a previous Sunbelt Ag Expo Field Day. moreisknown aboutthisdisease,it canhavetheanswerstheyneedfordisisclearthattheremaybeafewsimple easemanagementintheupcomingyears. waystomoreeffectivelyandefficiently Everygrowerwantstobeasefficient manageitsimpact.Wedoknowthata well-timedapplicationofaneffectivefun- withhisirrigationandfertilizingsystems aspossible.BBHobbswillgivegrowers gicidewillpay-offinmostcases. achancetoseewhethersubsurfacedrip However,recentuniversityresearch irrigationcouldbepartoftheirplansto throughouttheSoutheasthasshownthat susceptibilityandtolerancetothisdisease saveonwater,fertilizerand,ineffect, cost.Thecompanywillshowoffathreevariesbyvariety,potentiallyaffectingif acredemonstrationplotatFieldDay. andhowweusefungicidesinthesecerSpecializinginthedesign,installationand tainvarieties.Collaborativeresearchis supplyoflarge,automated,dripandsolid currentlyunderwaybetweenthe setirrigationsystems,BBHobbsalso UniversityofGeorgiaandtheSunbelt workswithanaffiliatedcompanytomanAgriculturalExpositiontoaddressthese ufacturetheliquidfertilizerblendssuitissuescollectivelysothatcottongrowers ableforuseindripirrigation. Inadditiontogettingthemostoutof hisinvestmentinadripirrigationsystem, agrowercansaveonfertilizercostswith Biscuit Breakfast Reception beginning at 7:15 a.m. with afertigationplanormaximizetheyield Commissioner of Agriculture Gary Black and Farm Bureau fromthesameamountoffertilizer.While 1st Vice President Gerald Long. Registration and breakfast will be in dripirrigationandfertigationtechnology the Morton Agribusiness Building. aren’tnew,BBHobbsisseeingsome growersmakethechangefromnoirrigationorsprayirrigationtoadripmethod. Trams will begin their route to the fields promptly at 8:00 a.m. Buriedeightinchesdeepand76inches apart,thelinesloselesswatertoevaporaGrand Prize and Door Prize Giveaways. Every attendee receives an tionandaren’tsusceptibletodamage. Expo cap. The three major grand door prizes are a Brown 472-six AlsoonhandatFieldDay,UGA foot Rotary Cutter donated by Brown Manufacturing of Ozark, Ala., CooperativeExtensionagentRadYager farm Tires donated by Titan/Goodyear and a shotgun donated by willshowtheadvantagesofincorporating Field Day participants and Sunbelt Ag Expo. soilmoisturesensorsintoirrigationmanagementcomparedtostandardirrigation More information available by calling 229-985-1968 or visiting schedulingmethods. www.sunbeltexpo.com. FieldDaywillalsoincludealookat thelatestvarietiesofcotton,cornand Expo is 4 miles southeast of U.S. Hwy 319 on Hwy 133. soybeans.FieldDayisscheduledfor Thursday,July11,2013,andtramswill 36th Annual Sunbelt Ag Expo - October 15-17, 2013 departforthefieldsby8:00a.m. t

Field Day Schedule

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013


Washington Outlook by Robert L. Redding Jr.

House farm bill mark-up set

Secretary Vilsack outlines school meal effort

TheU.S.HouseofRepresentatives CommitteeonAgriculturehasscheduledits mark-upofthefarmbillforMay15. Expectationsarethatthemark-upvehiclewillbe similartolastyear’scommittee-passedlegislation. TheU.S.SenateCommitteeonAgriculture hasnotfinalizeditsscheduleformark-up,butis anticipatedtoinMay. TheHouseandSenateAgricultural AppropriationsSubcommitteeshavebeguntheir hearingprocessforFiscalYear2014.Bothsubcommitteeshavenewchairmen,Congressman RobertAderholt,R-Ala.,intheHouseand SenatorMarkPryor,D-Ark.,fortheSenatesubcommittee.

AgricultureSecretaryTomVilsackrecentlydiscussedUSDAefforts toimproveschoolmealsandoutlinedtheneedforarenewedcommitment toimprovechildhoodnutrition,whichwillleadtoahealthiergeneration ofAmericans.TheSecretaryoutlinedaseriesofUSDAinitiatives designedtoimproveschoolmeals: •USDArecentlyissuedaproposedruletoimprovethehealthof snackssoldinschools. •USDA’sMyPlatesymbolandtheresourcesatChooseMyPlate.gov providequick,easyreferencetoolsforparents,teachers,healthcareprofessionalsandcommunities. •USDAalsocreatedSuperTracker,afreeonlineplanningandtrackingtoolusedbyovertwomillionAmericansdailytohelpthemimprove foodchoices,maintainahealthyweightandtrackphysicalactivity. •USDAprovidesshoppingstrategiesandmealplanningadviceto helpfamiliesservemorenutritiousmealsaffordablythroughits10-Tips NutritionSeriesandtheThriftyFoodPlan. •ThroughUSDA’sKnowYourFarmer,KnowYourFoodinitiative, thedepartmenthasworkedtoincreaseaccesstonutritiousfoodthrough thedevelopmentofstronglocalandregionalfoodsystems.Thenumberof farmersmarketsincreasedbymorethan67percentinthelastfouryears andtherearenowmorethan220regionalfoodhubsinoperationaround thecountry. •USDAlaunchedanew$5millionFarmtoSchoolgrantprogramin 2012toincreasetheamountofhealthy,localfoodinschools.

Peanut grower organizations oppose crop insurance means testing TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionandthe SouthernPeanutFarmersFederationjoinedother agriculturalorganizationsinopposingmeanstestingforcropinsuranceparticipation.Inaletterto U.S.SenateAgriculturalleaders,aggroupsnoted: Aswithotherlinesofinsurance,cropinsurancerequiresabroadpoolofparticipantstofunctionproperly.Arbitrarilyassigningameanstest forsupportwillimpactthepoolofparticipants, bothintheneartermandlongerterm.Ifadopted, athresholdislikelyonlytemporaryandcanreasonablybeexpectedtobeloweredinthefuture. Meanstestingunfairlydiscriminatesagainstfulltimefarmsandthoseproducinghighervalue crops,suchasspecialtycrops.Makingcropinsuranceprotectionunaffordablewouldcauseproducerstoreducetheirprogramparticipation,resultinginahigherriskpoolofinsuredproducers, higherlossratiosovertimeandincreasedpremiumratesforthosethatremainintheprogram. AmendmentstorestrictcropinsuranceparticipationareexpectedontheHouseandSenate floorsduringconsiderationofthefarmbill.

Senate ag guestworker program proposal released TheSenatebipartisanworkinggrouponimmigrationreformhas releaseditsAgVisaProgramforguestworkers.Thelegislationproposes thatagemployersregisterguestworkerswiththeU.S.Departmentof Agriculture’s(USDA)FarmServiceAgency. Elementsoftheprograminclude: •Anewprogramwouldbeestablishedthathastwoworkoptions:1) aportable,atwillemploymentbasedvisaand2)acontractbasedvisa program; •H-2Aprogramwouldsunsetoneyearafterthenewvisaprogramis enacted; •Threeyearvisaterm; •NewvisaprogramisadministeredbyUSDA; •EmployersmustregisterwiththeUSDAasaDesignated AgriculturalEmployer(DAE); •WorkerwouldlosestatusandmustdeparttheU.S.iftheywere unemployedformorethan60consecutivedays;and •Contractworkerwhobreachesemploymentcontractmustdepart theU.S.beforeacceptinganotherjobwithaU.S.employer.

Legislative Updates available online at www.americanpeanuts.com

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer May/June 2013


National Peanut Board unveils new website

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ationalPeanutBoard recentlyannouncedthe launchofanewand improvedwebsiteat www.nationalpeanutboard.org.The revampedsitehasaneditorialfocuswith beautifulimagesandengagingstoriesto drawvisitorsinandinspirethemtolearn moreaboutpeanutsandusethemin theireverydaylife. “We’reexcitedaboutthelaunchof ournewwebsitebecauseitservesasa valuableresourceforpeopleeverywhere whoarelookingforgoodnutritional informationaboutpeanuts,easy-to-use peanutrecipesandfoodideasandpeanut industrynews,”saysRyanLepicier, NationalPeanutBoardvice-presidentof marketingandcommunications. Thenewwebsiteisdesignedwitha freshnewlookanduser-friendlynavigation.Enhancedsocialmediatoolsmake iteasierforvisitorstoengagewiththe content.Userscanleaveacommenton thesiteandsharewhattheyfindonthe popularsocialnetworksFacebook, TwitterandPinterest. Thewebsiteservesmultipleaudiencesandcoversarangeoftopicsrelatedtopeanuts,includingnutrition,agri-

culture,productsandrecipes. Oneofthemostpopularsectionsof thewebsite,therecipecategory,is groupedbytopicsthatareespeciallyrelevanttoconsumerslikequickandeasy, glutenfreeandworldflavors. Thewebsitecontainsinformation forexpertsinnutritionandhealth,as wellasfoodserviceandfoodproduct professionals.Thenutritionsection includesdiseaseandlifestylespecific topicssuchashearthealth,diabetes, foodallergies,plant-basedeatingand pregnancyandchilddiets. Thefactssectionexploresfunfacts, historyofpeanutsandpeanutbutter, howandwherepeanutsgrow,aswellas providingvaluableresourcesforthe classroom. Thefarmerssectionofthewebsite includesusefulinformationforpeanut growersincludingacalendarofevents, NPBcommunications,production researchprojectsandmarketingandpromotionsprogramdetails. Thenewwebsitenowalsohouses theNPBblogformerlyatwww.energyforthegoodlife.orgtoencouragethe blog’smillionsofvisitorstoexplorethe NPBsite.t

Sec. Vilsack names Peanut Standards Board members AgricultureSecretaryTomVilsack appointedfiverepresentativestoserve onthePeanutStandardsBoard.Each memberwillservethroughJune2015.A sixthnomineehasbeenappointedtofill avacancyontheBoardthroughJune 2014. ThePeanutStandardsBoardis madeupof18membersrepresentingthe SoutheastRegion,whichcoversthe statesofAlabama,GeorgiaandFlorida; theSouthwestRegion,coveringTexas, OklahomaandNewMexico;andthe Virginia-CarolinaRegion,which includesVirginiaandNorthCarolina. Onethirdoftheboardisappointedeach year. SecretaryVilsackselectedAlabama producerCarlSandersandindustryrepresentativeAnnD.KingofGeorgiato

representtheSoutheastRegion; OklahomaproducerLeslieD.Crallto representtheSouthwestRegion;and NorthCarolinaproducerGeorgeH. McGeeandindustryrepresentativeJane CampbellofVirginiatorepresentthe Virginia-CarolinaRegion.CarlGrayof NorthCarolinawasalsoselectedtofill anindustryrepresentativevacancy, whichendsJune30,2014,forthe Virginia-CarolinaRegion.Anadditional vacancyremainsintheSouthwest. ThePeanutStandardsBoardis authorizedundertheFarmSecurityand RuralInvestmentActof2002.USDA consultswiththeboardtoestablishor changequalityandhandlingstandards fordomesticallyproducedandimported peanuts. May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Southern Peanut Growers Southern Peanut Growers attends Research Chef’s Association Conference TheSouthernPeanutGrowersattendedthe2013Research Chef’sAssociation(RCA)AnnualConferenceandCulinology® ExpoinCharlotte,N.C.,inMarch. “Withmorethan1,200foodresearchanddevelopmentprofessionalsinattendance,thismeetingcontinuestobethesingle bestplaceforSouthernPeanutGrowerstodeveloptherelationshipsthatultimatelyleadtoourrestaurantpartnerships,”says JeanneBauer,SPGfoodserviceconsultant.“Thegoodnews: pricewasn’tthepeanutdiscussionthisyear!” TheRCAisthepremiersourceofculinaryandtechnical informationforthefoodindustryandiscommittedtothe advancementofCulinology®--theblendingoftheculinaryarts andfoodscience.

Southern Peanut Growers partners with Noodles & Company during National Peanut Month TheSouthernPeanut GrowersworkedwithNoodles& Companytohelptheirpatrons celebrateMarch,NationalPeanut Monthwithafocusonallthe greatpeanutandpeanutbutter itemsfeaturedontheNoodles& Companymenu.ChefTessaalsofeaturedpeanutsandpeanut butterintwodifferentstoriestotheir600,000e-clubmembers duringthemonthofMarchwithfunfacts,recipesNoodles& Companymenuitemsfeaturingpeanutsandpeanutbutteranda linktotheSouthernPeanutGrowerswebsite.

Southern Peanut Growers participates in Peanut Industry Marketing Roundtable LeslieWagner,executivedirectorofSouthernPeanut Growers,wasinvitedtoparticipateinaPeanutIndustry MarketingRoundtableinAprilinChicago,Ill.Marketingrepresentativesfrombrandedproducts,NationalPeanutBoard,the stategrowergroupsandPeanutInstitutespenttwodayssharing informationanddiscussinghowtheindustrycanworktogether topromotepeanutsandpeanutbuttertoensurethatpeanutscontinuetoholdthetopplaceinnutconsumptionmovingforward.

Southern Peanut Growers celebrates March, National Peanut Month and doubles Facebook likes to 21,065 fans TheSouthern PeanutGrowerscelebratedMarch, NationalPeanut Monthwith“PBmy kid’sWay,”anational consumerrecipecontestdrivenprimarily bysocialmedia. “Inthefourthyearofthis‘PBmyway’themedcontest,we werereallylookingforrecipesandstoriesabouthowkidsand familiesliketocookwithandeatpeanutbutter,”saysLeslie Wagner,executivedirectorofSPG. Morethan200recipesweresubmittedforthechancetowin aniPad.Thewinningrecipe–Jammin’PeanutButterSundae Parfaits–wassubmittedbyLaurieLufkininEssex,Mass.It featuresapeanutbutterbrowniewhichcanbemadeandusedas anon-the-goorlunchboxsnack.Tomakeitspecial,youcan maketheSaltedPeanutButterCaramelSauceandtheJammin’ GrapeSauce.Addalittlevanillaicecreamandyou’rereadyto makeaspectaculardessert!Fourpeoplealsowereawardeda caseofpeanutbutterfortheirfinaliststatusinthecontest. Duringthecampaign,whichincludedsomelow-cost Facebookadvertising,SPGmorethandoubleditsFacebook ‘likes’to21,065fans,generated2.5millionimpressions,and receivedmorethan11,000newvisitorstothe PeanutButterLovers.com.

Southern Peanut Growers develops new recipe cards for school foodservice TheFloridaPeanut ProducersAssociationand GeorgiaPeanutCommission attendedtheirstateschool nutritionassociationmeetings andwerelookingforsome newrecipestosampleand distribute.TheSouthern PeanutGrowersdeveloped twonewrecipecardsforPeanutButterCrispyTreatsandPB RainbowSprinkleCookies.

Like us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/southernpeanutgrowers

Marketing arm of

Southern Peanut Growers 1025 Sugar Pike Way · Canton, Georgia 30115 (770) 751-6615 · FAX (770) 751-6417 email: lpwagner@comcast.net Visit our Web site at http://www.peanutbutterlovers.com


University of Georgia hires peanut entomologist TheUniversityofGeorgiarecentlyhiredMarkAbneyas assistantprofessorwithresponsibilitiesincropinsectpestmanagementwithafocusonpeanutproduction. AbneygrewupnearCochran,Ga.,in BleckleyCounty.Hereceivedabachelor’s degreeincropsciencefromtheUniversity ofGeorgiain1998,amaster’sdegreein entomologyfromtheUniversityof Georgiain2000andadoctorateinentomologyfromNorthCarolinaState Universityin2005.Hehasservedas assistantprofessorandExtensionspecialMark Abney istinvegetableentomologyatNorth CarolinaStateUniversityforthepastsixyears. WhileatNCState,Abney’seffortsfocusedonassessing theinsectmanagementchallengesfacedbyvegetableproducers,developingresearchquestionstoaddressthemostcritical challengesanddesigningprojectstoanswerthosequestions. AccordingtoAbney,researchprioritieswerebasedonexisting needsof,andemergingthreatsto,theNorthCarolinavegetable industry,andheplanstousethesamemodeltodirecthisprograminpeanutresearch.MyworkinNorthCarolinafocused onthreekeyareasofimportancetothevegetableindustry:1. biologyandmanagementofsoilinsects;2.landscapeecology andmanagementofstinkbugs;and3.optimizinginsecticide useforefficacyandenvironmentalsafety. “ThekindsofproblemsmyprogramaddressedinvegetablesareverysimilartothosefacedbyGeorgiapeanutgrowers,” Abneysays.“Burrowerbugs,threecorneredalfalfahoppers,thrips,andcaterpillarsarejustsomeofthepestsaffecting peanuts.Solutionstotheseproblemswillnotcomeovernight, butIamlookingforwardtothechallengeofdevelopingeffectiveinsectcontrolstrategiesandprovidingourgrowerswiththe mostaccurateandup-to-datepestmanagementinformation.” Abneyconcludes,“theUniversityofGeorgiahasagreat groupofscientistsworkingonpeanuts,andIamexcitedabout joiningtheUGAPeanutTeam.”

Georgia Peanut Commission welcomes new staff TheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionisproudtoannouncethe recentadditionoftwonewstafftoassistwiththecommission’s coreprogramareas.ThecommissionhashiredJessieTurkof Gillsville,Ga.,andJamisonCruceofBlueRidge,Ga. TurkbeganservingasprojectcoordinatorfortheGeorgiaPeanutCommission April16,2013.Withthisrole,shewillbe responsibleformanagingvariousprojects carriedoutbythecommission,alongwith assistinginareasofcommunication,promotionandeducation.Thedaughterof DougandSharonTurk,Turkgrewupin northeastGeorgiaraisingregisteredand Jessie Turk

commercialAnguscattle,aswellasregisteredQuarterHorses. Shereceivedabachelor’sdegreeinanimalsciencefromthe UniversityofGeorgiain2010andamaster’sdegreeinagriculturalcommunicationsfromOklahomaStateUniversityin2012. Throughouthercollegiatecareer,shewasactiveinavarietyof campusclubsandorganizationsincludingBlockandBridle,Ag HillCouncil,theLivestockJudgingTeam,aswellasmanyothers.Asagraduatestudent,herresearchfocuswastechnology useandinformationpreferencesamongagriculturalists. Crucebeganservingasdirectorofresearchandeducation fortheGeorgiaPeanutCommissionMay 16,2013,withtheresponsibilitiesofcarryingouttheresearchandeducationprogramsofthecommission,alongwithworkingdirectlywithregionalandnationalpromotions.HeisanativeofBlueRidge,Ga., andthesonofTonyandMichelleCruce. HeisagraduateoftheUniversityof GeorgiaTiftonCampuswithabachelor’s Jamison Cruce degreeinagriculturaleducation,andalso attendedNorthGeorgiaCollegeandStateUniversityand AbrahamBaldwinAgriculturalCollege.Priortotakingthis position,Cruceworkedasastudentworkerandinternforthe commissionforthepasttwoyears.Heiscurrentlyinvolved withtheGeorgiaFFAAlumniAssociationandisanalumnusof theGammaDeltaChapteroftheAlphaGammaRhoFraternity. Turkcanbereachedatjessie@gapeanuts.comandCruce canbereachedatjamison@gapeanuts.com.Bothofthemcanbe reachedviaphoneat229-386-3470. May/June 2013 Southeastern Peanut Farmer

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Southern Peanut Growers Conference EDGEWATER BEACH RESORT July 18-20, 2013 Panama City Beach, Florida

Key topics: Legislation, Research and Promotion

l a u n n A 15th nt! Eve

For more information contact:

www.southernpeanutfarmers.org

Alabama Peanut Producers Association P.O. Box 8805 Dothan, AL 36304 334-792-6482 Florida Peanut Producers Association 2741 Penn Avenue, Suite 1 Marianna, FL 32448 850-526-2590 Georgia Peanut Commission P.O. Box 967 Tifton, GA 31793 229-386-3470

Brought to you by the: Alabama Peanut Producers Association Florida Peanut Producers Association Georgia Peanut Commission Mississippi Peanut Growers Association

Mississippi Peanut Growers Association P.O. Box 284 Petal, MS 39465 601-606-3547 For Hotel Reservations Call 1-800-874-8686 (When making your hotel reservations, please ask for the Southern Peanut Growers Conference rate.)

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Southeastern Peanut Farmer - May/June 2013  

Southeastern Peanut Farmer - May/June 2013