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Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

TREASURE AUCTION #9 Tuesday, April 26, 2011 Session I: 2:00 p.m. EDT (Gold Cobs and World Gold Coins) Session II: 5:00 p.m. EDT (Frank Sedwick Colombian Gold Collection)

Wednesday, April 27, 2011 Session III: 10:30 a.m. EDT (Shipwreck Ingots and Coins) Session IV: 4:00 p.m. EDT (Silver Cobs)

Thursday, April 28, 2011 Session V: 10:30 a.m. EDT (World Silver Coins, Medals and Paper Money) Session VI: 4:00 p.m. EDT (Artifacts, Documents and Books)

Featuring the DR. FRANK SEDWICK COLLECTION OF COLOMBIAN REPUBLIC GOLD COINS Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC P.O. Box 1964 Winter Park, FL 32790 U.S.A. (407) 975-3325 • Fax (407) 975-3327 www.SedwickCoins.com

Bid LIVE at www.iCollector.com/sedwick Auction and catalog production by

Dan Sedwick, Augi García, and Cori Sedwick Downing Daniel Frank Sedwick, licensed Florida auctioneer #AU3635, AB2592 © All images and text are copyright of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC, 2011. All rights reserved.

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TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1)

Each lot will be sold to the highest bidder unless the reserve or starting price is not met. Bids may be submitted in person or by mail, telephone, fax, email, or live on the Internet until each lot is closed during the live session. All bids must be received before the auction session begins. Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC (hereinafter referred to as the Auctioneer) or any of its employees individually cannot be responsible for errors in bidding or the loss or delay of any bids that do not reach us by the closing date and time, or for any technical glitches that prevent internet bids from being executed. All bids are in U.S. dollars.

2)

Winning bids will be reduced automatically by the iCollector platform to the next increment above the second-highest bid. In the case of tie bids, the earliest bidder will win the lot. Bidders are advised to provide allowable percentage increases to avoid losing lots due to a tie.

3)

A winning bid is considered a formal contract between the buyer and the consignor. The winning bidder, even if acting as an agent for someone else, is considered the buyer, and, by submitting his bid, agrees to purchase the lot(s) he has won and to pay the Buyer’s Premium and any shipping costs, sales tax, bank-wire fees, customs duties, or other surcharges involved in delivering the lot(s) to the buyer. Certain lots (particularly artifacts) may require special packaging and handling, for which a surcharge will be levied (also note shipping calculations will delay invoicing). In some special cases delivery may be arranged directly between the consignor and the buyer, at the buyer’s cost. At no time shall the buyer have any legal recourse against the consignor for any reason. Winning bidders will be notified as soon as possible after the sale with an invoice reflecting the total amount due and shall remit payment within two weeks of notification or within one month of the date of the first session of the auction, whichever is sooner. Winning bidders who do not receive notification for whatever reason are NOT released from their obligation to pay on time. If payment has not been received within these terms, the Auctioneer reserves the right to sell the lot(s) to any underbidders for their lower bid amounts. Title to each lot does not pass until the item has been paid in full. Any late payments (one month past invoice date) will be assessed an accrued interest charge of 2% per month.

4)

Unless other arrangements are made, all lots will be sent to winning bidders via U.S. Mail when the invoice has been paid in full. All domestic shipments will carry full insurance, but foreign shipments are made at the buyer’s risk (insurance available in some cases). Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is responsible for loss or damage to lots only up until they are received at the address to which they are sent; any transshipment from there is the buyer’s responsibility alone. Generally, lots will be shipped in the order in which they are paid.

5)

A Buyer’s Premium of 18% will be added to the winning bid for the total purchase price before any applicable tax or surcharges. Winning bidders who pay by cash, check, money order, wire transfer or direct deposit are eligible for a reduction of the Buyer’s Premium by 3% (net 15%).

6)

Acceptable forms of payment are cash, check, money order, wire transfer, direct deposit, PayPal, Visa/MC, American Express and Discover. All payments by check or money order should be made payable to Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC. Payments by PayPal, limited to $5,000 per auction per buyer, should be made to auction@sedwickcoins.com. All payments shall be in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank. Please contact us for instructions for wire-transfer payments, for which bank charges may be necessarily added to the amount to be paid, generally depending on the country from which the wire originates.

7)

New bidders who do not have established credit with us must supply commercial references in the numismatic field and/or a 25% deposit. Credit cards are acceptable in lieu of a deposit. If your bids are unsuccessful, your deposit will be refunded, but if you are a winning bidder, your deposit will be applied to your purchase unless other arrangements are made. Any bidders with an overdue balance with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC must complete payment of their previous balance before their bids will be accepted.

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8)

You may opt for “either/or” and/or “total budget” bids on your bid sheet. “Either/or” bids are used when you want just one (or whatever number you specify) of two or more lots but it does not matter which of those lots you get. “Total budget” bids are used when you are bidding on more lots than you expect to win and do not wish to spend more than a specified amount. Both options are subject to a minimum of $5,000 total in bids and “either/or” bids are additionally subject to a minimum of $100 per lot (below that, bidders should bid live on the Internet instead). These options are not available for bids submitted via iCollector (either live or by proxy).

9)

Most lots are unreserved, but some lots do have a reserve or minimum bid assigned by the consignor. Any reserve will generally be at or below the stated low estimate and starting price. All estimates are given in U.S. dollars.

10)

As an active dealer, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is able to estimate a reasonably low wholesale level for each lot and reserves the right to reject any bids below this level (generally at least 70% of low estimate). Furthermore we reserve the right to reject any bids that we have reason to believe are not submitted in good faith. Starting bids are provided on iCollector when the auction is published, and bids below those starting bids cannot be entered. Prices realized do not necessarily reflect accurate market values so much as what the high bidder is willing to pay based on his own needs.

11)

All items are guaranteed genuine and as described. Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC does NOT guarantee that any lots can be successfully encapsulated. Auctions are NOT approval sales, and therefore returns will NOT be accepted UNLESS there was an error in the listing. Note that grading and estimation of corrosion are subjective and differences of opinion cannot be considered errors. Lots encapsulated by PCGS, NGC or any other third-party company may not be returned for any reason. Disputes as to authenticity shall be resolved by submission to PCGS or NGC, and if their determination is inconclusive, then the opinion of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC shall stand. Any disputes, including proposed returns, must be brought to our attention no later than 2 days after receipt of the lot(s) by the buyer and BEFORE return shipment to us, with any applicable refunds to be made immediately upon receipt of the returned item(s) by us. All returns must be received by us in unaltered condition and in their original, unopened, sealed flips no later than one month after the date of the first auction session (note that late remittance, therefore, can negate return privileges). Any refunds for returns paid for by credit card will be subject to a 3% return fee.

12)

Lots may be inspected at our private office in Winter Park by appointment only during our office hours of Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. High-quality photos of all items are viewable on our website and on iCollector 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. All photographs in the catalog and online are of the actual lots being sold but may not be actual size or to scale. Color and brightness of online photos may vary according to your monitor and video-card specifications.

13)

For any won lots that are sent to a Florida address, Florida sales tax (6% to 7.5%, depending on your county) will be added to all purchases of items that are NOT coins or bullion. Coins and bullion are also taxed if the total coin and/or bullion purchase is less than $500.

14)

All bidders and consignors acknowledge and agree that the Auctioneer (Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC) does NOT guarantee that auctions will be unimpaired, uninterrupted or error-free and accordingly shall not be liable for such eventualities. Any errors in the printed catalog will be rectified on the website and iCollector as they come to our attention, and those corrected listings shall be deemed the binding descriptions at the time of the auction. The Auctioneer in its sole and absolute discretion may accept or decline any bid, remove bids and reopen bidding, withdraw lots, or change lot sequence or bidding increments at any time, even after the winning bid and winning bidder have been announced. Any bidding disputes shall be adjudicated by the Auctioneer, whose decision shall be deemed binding and final.

15)

This auction is conducted in accordance with the auction laws of the State of Florida. The licensed auctioneer is Daniel Frank Sedwick, AU#3635, AB#2592. Any legal disputes regarding this auction shall be resolved through the courts of Orange County in the State of Florida.

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ORDER OF SALE Section

Lots

Pages

Shipwreck histories .......................................................................................................... 8-17 SESSION I: Tuesday, April 26, 2011, 2:00 p.m. EDT Gold cobs by mint .................................................................................... 1-74 ................ 19-31 World gold coins by country .................................................................... 75-175 ............32-49 SESSION II: Tuesday, April 26, 2011, 5:00 p.m. EDT The Frank Sedwick Collection of Colombian Republic Gold Coins ...... 200-431 .......... 51-108 SESSION III: Wednesday, April 27, 2011, 10:30 a.m. EDT Shipwreck ingots and bullion .................................................................. 500-517 .......... 111-119 Shipwreck silver coins (chronologically by wreck) ................................. 518-1021 ......... 120-235 SESSION IV: Wednesday, April 27, 2011, 4:00 p.m. EDT Silver cobs of Mexico ............................................................................... 1022-1088 .......237-246 Silver cobs of Lima, Peru ......................................................................... 1089-1135 .......247-252 Silver cobs of PotosĂ­, Bolivia ................................................................... 1136-1262 .......253-271 Other silver cobs by country .................................................................... 1263-1312 .......272-279 SESSION V: Thursday, April 28, 2011, 10:30 a.m. EDT Ancient coins ............................................................................................ 1313-1347 .......281-286 World silver coins by country ................................................................... 1348-1877 .......287-355 Medals and tokens ................................................................................... 1878-1926 .......356-364 Paper money ............................................................................................. 1927-1951 .......365-372 SESSION VI: Thursday, April 28, 2011, 4:00 p.m. EDT Shipwreck artifacts ................................................................................... 1952-2067 ......375-395 Non-wreck artifacts: Pre-Columbian .................................................................. 2068-2073 ......396 Arms/armor/militaria ...................................................... 2074-2087 ......397-400 Miscellaneous ................................................................... 2088-2107 ......401-404 Natural history .................................................................. 2108-2123 .......405-407 Documents: Engravings ........................................................................ 2124-2130 .......408-409 Historic maps .................................................................... 2131-2133 .......410 Manuscripts ...................................................................... 2134-2143 .......411-413 Miscellaneous documents ................................................ 2144-2150 .......413-414 Media: Auction catalogs ................................................................ 2151-2164 .......415-416 Antiquarian Books ............................................................ 2165-2181 .......416-420 Books ................................................................................. 2182-2208 ......420-422

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A note about the order: As the world’s leading purveyors of New World cobs and shipwreck coins, we have always separated and highlighted our cob and shipwreck offerings from the rest of what we sell. We have preserved that arrangement in our auctions as well, with cobs presented in order of establishment of each mint (the rare and unusual mints at the end) and the shipwreck coins, ingots and artifacts presented in chronological order by wreck.

REFERENCES CITED Where possible, in the description for each lot we supply one or more numbers in reference to acknowledged publications in the field. References used in this catalog include the following: CT = Calicó’s Numismática española (2008), formerly by Calicó and Trigo (nine previous editions). KM = Krause-Mishler’s Standard Catalog of World Coins, various editions, including Spain, Portugal and the New World. R = Restrepo’s Monedas de Colombia, 1619-2006, second edition (2006). S = Sedwick’s The Practical Book of Cobs, fourth edition (2007). Sp = Spink’s (formerly Seaby’s) Coins of England and the United Kingdom, forty-first edition (2006). A list of other, more specialized references used in our catalogs is provided upon request.

COIN GRADING and DESCRIPTIVE TERMS From best to worst, UNC is Uncirculated, AU is Almost Uncirculated, XF is Extra Fine, VF is Very Fine, F is Fine, VG is Very Good, and G is Good, with Fair and Poor below that. (“About” or “A” means the coin is just shy of the indicated grade. Mint State refers to lustrous, choice UNC coins.) We do not always assign numismatic grades to sea-salvage and land-burial coins, which were usually Uncirculated (or close to it) before the effects of corrosion and/or cleaning. Corrosion is usually assessed, from least to most, as follows: none, minimal, light, moderate, and heavy. Also note that we sometimes use the abbreviations E for escudos and R for reales in the listings for Spanish and Spanish colonial items.

BOOK GRADING and TERMS We use several standard terms in our book descriptions, as follows: HB or HC = Hardbound (hard cover) SC = Soft cover DJ = Dust jacket ed = Edition (or editor) pp = Pages ex-lib = Ex-library (with stampings and/or card-holders pasted in) Our book grading is very similar to the coin grades above, with top condition indicated as Mint or Near Mint, then Very Fine (VF) for not new but unread (or very slightly read) condition, then Fine (F) for slightly used, Very Good (VG) for moderately used, and Good (G) for well-used condition (with Fair and Poor below that). Any significant damage is separately noted, as opposed to including it in the grade.

A NOTE ABOUT PHOTOS Coin photos in this catalog are generally shown at actual size, with the exception of large lots, which are often reduced, as are most medals, paper money, artifacts, documents, artwork and media. Photos of coins in the most recent NGC capsules have four white intrusions into the rims of the coins due to a special design meant to enable viewing of the edges of those coins.

We encourage bidders to examine lots in person at our premises in Winter Park, Florida (by appointment only). 6


TREASURE AND WORLD COIN AUCTION #9 Live on the Internet, Tuesday-Thursday, April 26-28, 2011 When we set out to satisfy the demand for treasure auctions in 2007, we had no idea that in just a few years our auctions would become major events for world coins in general. This Treasure and World Coin Auction #9 is perhaps our most well-balanced world coin auction so far, with interesting offerings from all the regions of the world, as well as significant sections of ancient, medals and tokens, and even paper money. Once again there is something for everyone. Our expansion into world coins has given us the opportunity to make a very special presentation: The Dr. Frank Sedwick Collection of Colombian Republic Gold Coins. Dr. Sedwick (father of Daniel Frank Sedwick) wrote the first definitive book on the complex Colombian Republic gold series (The Gold Coinage of Gran Colombia [1991]) as an outgrowth of two decades of collecting the coins. Along the way he gathered several of the most important coins in the series—some of which are appearing at auction here for the first time ever—like the following: • Popayán 8 escudos 1838UR, XF-45, unique, estimated at $15,000 (lot 256). • Bogotá 20 pesos 1859, AU-50, famous single-year, largest coin of the Confederación Granadina and one of about six known, estimated at $7500 (lot 331). • Medellín 5 pesos 1863-M, MS-62, estimated at $10,000 (lot 348). • Full set of Medellín 2-5-10 pesos 1885/74 and 1886/74, sold in individual lots but the only known set in existence, total estimate of $20,000 (lots 347, 350 and 367). In addition to the rarities, Dr. Sedwick’s collection features dozens of coins that are the finest known graded by NGC, and each coin in the collection has been encapsulated by NGC with the pedigree stated inside the slab. There has never been an offering of Colombian Republic gold coins like this before, and we have already been told this sale will be THE reference for the future. But let’s not overlook all the other important “treasure” items in this sale, including several “Hearts” and “Royals,” a Cuzco 1 escudo cob 1698, a Brazilian 12800 reis (dobra) 1730-M, a Chilean 2 escudos 1758, and a Cuban proof peso 1915. There are also significant selections of US gold coins from the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857, several large silver bars and emeralds and over 230 coins from the Atocha (1622), over 130 1715-Fleet cobs from the State of Florida collection (Bamberg division), a collection of more than 40 dated Mexican cob 8 reales, and dozens of top-quality Lima cob 2 reales. Rounding out the auction are significant offerings of general world coins (including ancients), artifacts (including fossils), documents and books (both antiquarian and modern). Finally, for the first time ever we will have coins lots available for viewing at our booths at TWO major coin shows prior to the sale: the Baltimore Coin and Currency Expo (March 31-April 3) and the Chicago International Coin Fair (April 14-17). Come see the lots and bid online—it’s easy and fun!

LOT VIEWING SCHEDULE: March 31-April 3: Whitman Baltimore Coin & Currency Expo April 14-17: Chicago International Coin Fair (CICF) April 4-13 and 18-25: by appointment at our private office in Winter Park, Florida (closed weekends and on Good Friday) 7


Shipwreck (and Hoard) Histories Throughout this catalog we offer coins, ingots and artifacts from many dozens of different shipwrecks and hoards—“treasure” in the truest sense. We offer the history behind each wreck here in chronological order. Some lots in the catalog do not have histories because we have no further information or what we do know is brief enough to include with the lots. Please feel free to contact us for more information about any of these wrecks or about shipwrecks or treasure in general.

“Hoi An hoard,” sunk in the late 1400s off Vietnam

Spanish 1554 Fleet sunk off Padre Island, Texas

In the early 1990s fishermen off the Hoi An coast of Vietnam began to haul in Chinese porcelains that were eventually discovered to have come from the remains of a 15th-century trading vessel. In 1997 a joint venture between the Malaysian salvage company Saga and the government-sanctioned Vietnam Salvage Company (VISAL) officially surveyed and then excavated the wreck and retrieved tens of thousands of porcelains. After division with the government and various museums, the pieces comprising the so-called “Hoi An hoard” were sold at auction in Los Angeles by Butterfields in 2000 for a total of $2.8 million.

The 1554 Fleet consisted of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, all but the first of which foundered off what is now Padre Island in a violent storm. There were many survivors, but natives killed nearly all of them. Much of the treasure was salvaged soon afterward by the Spanish. In the 1960s two of the ships were rediscovered and salvaged by an out-of-state company, causing controversy by removing what Texans thought should belong to their state. (The third wrecksite was apparently obliterated by a dredging operation in the late 1940s on what is known as the Mansfield Cut, a manmade inlet.) Texas conducted its own excavations on the two sites in the 1970s. The 1554 Fleet wrecks have yielded almost exclusively Mexican coinage of Carlos-Juana (up to and including assayer S), some of which still washes up on the beaches of Padre Island. Even when found on the beach, these coins are illegal to own in Texas, which has declared them all to be the property of the State, but they do trade freely elsewhere. Uncleaned specimens (mostly beach finds) are distinctively rusty in color and therefore are usually distinguishable from coins from the “Golden Fleece wreck” above.

Flor do Mar, sunk in 1511 off Sumatra, Indonesia In 1511 the Portuguese Viceroy Afonso de Albuquerque was sent to the strategic town of Malacca (in modern-day Malaysia) to claim it for Portugal, which he did; but on the return voyage to India, his ship Flor do Mar was wrecked in a storm, sending spoils from the victory (including a reported 60 tons of gold) to the seabed at a depth of over 100 feet.

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

This wreck was nicknamed for a royal stamping (“Golden Fleece”) on several of the gold “finger” bars (ingots) it yielded. Practically all the coins from this wreck were Mexican Carlos-Juana silver coins (all assayers prior to S), including several rarities, the most important being three specimens of the Rincón “Early Series” 8 reales of 1538, the very first 8 reales ever struck in the New World (the best of which achieved a record in 2006 for the highest amount ever paid at auction for a Spanish colonial coin: $373,750!). To date the finders of the wreck have not identified the wreck or disclosed its exact location, but they affirm it was in international waters in the northern Caribbean. Though it was a relatively small find of a few thousand coins at most, it has been the primary source for Mexican CarlosJuana coins on the market since the mid-1990s. Perhaps more impressive than the coins from this wreck are the few dozen gold and silver ingots it has yielded, all of which have entered the market exclusively through Daniel Frank Sedwick. The varying purities of these bars are reminiscent of the “tumbaga” bars, although the later gold ingots were cast in somewhat standard shapes (“fingers”) and sizes. The silver ingots from this wreck, popularly known as “splashes,” were simply poured onto the ground, leaving a round, flat mound of silver that was subsequently stamped with a tax stamp in the form of a crowned C for King Charles I and/or a fineness in the usual block Roman numerals in parts per 2400, much like the karat system we use today. The gold ingots also show a fineness marking, but no tax stamps or other markings, in parts per 24, with a dot being a quarter karat. Many of the silver and gold ingots from this wreck were cut into two or more parts, presumably to divide into separate accounts.

In 1554 the Spanish fleet coming from Mexico, consisting of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, hit a violent storm and foundered off of what is now Padre Island, Texas, where it is known that all but the first mentioned sank. The one ship that escaped, the San Andrés, did make it to Havana, but just barely, and its treasure had to be offloaded onto other vessels for the journey through the Bahama Channel and up the Straits of Florida and back to Spain. Archival records in Spain indicate that not all of the treasure from the San Andrés made it there, however. In addition to a documented loss off Portugal, there is some evidence that these ships were hit by another storm and lost somewhere in the northern Caribbean, at least one of them hitting the east coast of Florida and being salvaged by the Ais Indians. A few coins found on the east coast of Florida in recent decades, particularly in the vicinity of Cape Canaveral, seem to confirm this. Archival records also indicate that some of the treasure from the San Andrés was brought to and left at Puerto Rico to be retrieved later in the 1550s. The material we see on the market today (coins, ingots and some artifacts like plates with markings) is identical to what was found off Texas, so it MUST have come from the same 1554 shipment originally, and is therefore most likely the part that was offloaded from the San Andrés in Havana. Because the salvagers say the source is somewhere off the Dominican Republic, it may have more to do with the part that was left in Puerto Rico than with the losses in the Bahama Channel.

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Santiago, sunk in 1585 on the Bassas da India atoll between Mozambique and Madagascar (east of Africa)

massive metallic deposits at the bottom of crevices in the mud, just out of reach for now. What will be found? Slave shackles? Chests of gold and silver? Only time will tell.

This relatively obscure wreck sank on a reef at night due to pilot error, following which the captain and crew absconded with the one useable lifeboat, leaving some 400 or more passengers to perish on the wreck. The Santiago was found again and salvaged in the late 1970s by Ernest Erich Klaar and eventually yielded thousands of silver cobs (marketed in the 1980s) of both Spain and Spanish America (particularly the mints of Seville and Mexico). This shipwreck is also numismatically notable as one of only two wrecks (along with the Atocha of 1622) to have produced the extremely rare cobs of the Panama mint.

Unidentified (presumably Spanish) wreck sunk ca. 1590 off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico Salvaged surreptitiously by Florida divers, this wreck yielded Philip II cobs of Mexico, Lima and Potosí, some in remarkably good condition. Many of this wreck’s coins are recognizable by their jagged, truncated edges (from corrosion) with pristine interior details. Without consideration for that characteristic pattern of corrosion, the coins from this wreck can pass for Atocha (1622) coins, which is how many of them were successfully sold with fraudulent Atocha certificates in the 1990s.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Arguably the most famous of all Spanish galleons salvaged in our time, the Atocha was the almiranta of the 1622 Fleet, which left Havana several weeks late and ran afoul of a hurricane. Eight of the 28-ship fleet were lost, wrecked on the reefs between the Dry Tortugas and the Florida Keys or sunk in deeper water. Five people survived the sinking of the Atocha and were rescued by another vessel, but the wreck itself was scattered after another hurricane hit the site exactly one month later. The Spanish were never able to salvage what was one of the richest galleons ever to sail. The cargo of the Atocha did not see light again until 1971, when the first coins were found by the now-famous salvager Mel Fisher and his divers, who recovered the bulk of the treasure in 1985 and thereby unleashed the largest supply of silver cobs and ingots the market has ever seen. Well over 100,000 shield-type cobs were found in all denominations above the half real, the great majority of them from Potosí, as were also the approximately 1,000 silver ingots (most the size of bread loaves). A handful of gold 1- and 2-escudos cobs were also recovered, mostly from mainland Spanish mints, but also a few from Colombia, officially the first gold coins ever struck in the New World. The Atocha was also the source for most or all of the first silver cobs struck in Colombia, as well as a few early coins from Mexico, Lima, Spain and even Panama. Even more significant were the many gold ingots, jewelry items, emeralds and other artifacts. Because of Mel Fisher’s huge publicity and because much of the treasure was distributed to investors at high ratios compared to their investment amounts, the coins from the Atocha have always sold for much more—anywhere from 2 times to 10 times more— than their non-salvage counterparts, even in the numismatic market. (The “glamour market” in tourist areas elevates these coins to as much as twenty times their base numismatic value!) Individually numbered certificates with photos of each coin are critical to the retention of an Atocha coin’s enhanced value. Accompanying barcode tags with the coins also make it possible to replace lost certificates through a database system at the Fisher operation in Key West. With some exceptions each certificate also specifies the coin’s Grade, from 1 (highest) to 4 (lowest), a highly subjective evaluation of corrosive damage and overall quality. Most Atocha silver coins are also recognizable by their shiny brightness, the result of a somewhat controversial cleaning and polishing process catering more to noncollectors than to serious numismatists.

“Cidade Velha shipwrecks,” sunk in the late 1500s off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa Cidade Velha was one of the first cities established by Europeans in the Cape Verde Islands. Strategically located in the crossroads of the Atlantic, prosperous Cidade Velha became both a rest stop and a target. In 1585 the city was attacked by Sir Francis Drake, who returned in 1586 and sank half a dozen ships in her harbor. These wrecks, none of them traceable to any one specific ship, were visited by Arqueonautas in 1998 and yielded up many small artifacts like manillas (slave bracelets), crucifixes and pottery shards.

“Rill Cove wreck,” sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England The name and nationality of the ship are unknown and even the date of sinking is not certain. All we know is that records of its local salvage began in 1618. After rediscovery of the wreck by Ken Simpson and Mike Hall in 1975, eventually some 3,000 coins were recovered and sold, all silver cobs, mostly Mexican, but also from Potosí and Spain. Most of the coins are thin from corrosion but with dark toning on fields to enhance details. Because it is rather early, this wreck has yielded several important rarities like the F-oD dual-assayer issue from Mexico.

“Wild Horse River wreck,” sunk ca. 1620 in the Río de la Plata off Colonia, Uruguay Somewhere in the River Plate opposite Buenos Aires is a remote beach where beautiful wild horses run free next to untold treasures just past the river bank. Quietly, local fisherman and salvagers over the years have brought up some of these treasures, which appear to be from a Spanish ship that sank without a trace. All evidence indicates that this “Wild Horse River wreck” is from an early period of unofficial commerce in the River Plate (no earlier than about 1605, but possibly as late as 1620). So far it has yielded only a few silver coins, gemstone rings and mostly small iron artifacts, all incredibly well preserved due to lack of salinity and the muddy composition of the riverbed. But metal detector readings indicate

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Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

the lost vessel has never been solved. Because of the date, popular opinion associates the wreck with the taking of the Spanish 1628 Fleet in Matanzas Bay, Cuba, by the Dutch pirate and national hero Piet Heyn, who reported losing two of the vessels on the way back to Europe. Three names proposed for the ship(s) by various sellers over the years were the Van Lynden, the Santa Gertrude (or Gertrudis) and the Romario, with scant evidence to support any of the attributions. Spanish archival research suggested a new name, Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, which sank in that general area in 1624. Since dates on the recovered coins extend past 1624, this attribution must be incorrect. A more recent recovery in the 1990s off Lucayan Beach turned up similar material, but no further clues as to the ship’s (or ships’) identity. Practically all of the coins have been Mexican 8 and 4 reales of the assayer-D period, some in quite nice condition and a few with clear dates, which are rare. Expect to pay a modest premium for specimens in white clamshell boxes produced by Spink & Son (London) in the 1960s for a promotion that capped off years of disagreements between the salvagers, their backers and the Bahamian government.

From the same hurricane-stricken 1622 Fleet as the Atocha (above), the Santa Margarita sank on a reef within sight of the Atocha and was found in 1626 by Spanish salvagers, who recovered only roughly half its treasure. The other half was found by Mel Fisher and company in 1980. Margarita’s treasures were similar to those found on the Atocha, with fewer coins in comparatively worse condition overall (yet not as harshly cleaned afterward). As with Atocha coins, original Fisher certificates are critical to the premium value for these coins, which is on par with Atocha coins. In 2008 divers with the subcontractor company Blue Water Recovery found more gold on the Santa Margarita and also a lead box stuffed full of pearls.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida Presumably a sister-ship to the Atocha and Santa Margarita of the 1622 Fleet (above), the “Dry Tortugas wreck” was discovered in 1989 and reworked in 1991 by Seahawk Deep Ocean Technology. Among the finds were numerous gold bars (but no silver bars) and about 1,200 heavily eroded silver cobs similar in composition to the Atocha finds, all picked from the ocean floor by a robot. Cannons and other artifacts expected on a typical galleon were notably absent. The bulk of the treasure was eventually sold to a store/museum in Key West that later went bankrupt. Years later it all turned up at a bankruptcy auction, where the bulk of the treasure was repurchased by some of the former principals of Seahawk for a new museum.

“Mesuno hoard,” lost ca. 1636 in the Magdalena River near Bartolomeo de Honda, Colombia The name of this hoard comes from “El Mesuno,” the local name for a bend in the river where, in 1935, many hundreds of Bogotá cob 2 escudos were found in the riverbank. The latest of the coins, most of which did not show their peripheral dates, was 1636. No one knows how or why the hoard was lost; but it is known that Honda was where freshly struck coins from the Bogotá mint were offloaded from mules and put aboard riverboats to take the coins to Cartagena, on the Caribbean coast, where the coins were loaded onto galleons ultimately headed for Spain. Whether due to the sinking of a vessel or not, the “Mesuno Hoard” has been one of the world’s most important sources of gold cobs—basically the only source for Bogotá gold cobs of the early 1630s.

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique, east of Africa The São José was the almiranta of a fleet carrying Francisco da Gama (grandson of the famous Vasco da Gama) from Lisbon, Portugal, to his new post as Viceroy in Goa, India, when the ships were attacked at night on July 22 by an Anglo-Dutch fleet off Mozambique. Suffering from disease, the captain and crew of the São José at first tried to ground her but ended up sinking in deeper water, taking many chests of Spanish silver with her. The English and Dutch made off with some of the cargo and 100 prisoners from the São José, with hundreds more people and the bulk of the treasure lost to the sea. In 2003 the salvage company Arqueonautas located the wreck and eventually recovered just over 20,000 silver cobs (all 8 and 4 reales) from Spain, Mexico, and South America.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, England The East Indiaman Campen was part of a seven-ship fleet that encountered a heavy storm off the Isle of Wight in October of 1627. Seeking safety in the Solent north of the island, four of the ships attempted to navigate through the Needles rocks at the island’s westernmost tip and two of them—the Campen and the Vliegende Draecke (“Flying Dragon”)—sank nearby. Soon after, all of the latter ship’s cargo was saved, but only a couple thousand silver coins were recovered from the Campen, leaving about 8,000 coins to be found in our time. Most of these silver coins, recovered by divers beginning in June of 1979, were Dutch “lion” daalders, but they also included a few cobs, which are very rarely seen on the market today.

Concepción , sunk in 1641 off the northeast coast of Hispaniola The Concepción was one of the most significant Spanish wrecks of all time, serving the Spanish with a loss of over 100 tons of silver and gold treasure. The almiranta of a 21-ship fleet, the Concepción was already in poor repair when the Europe-bound fleet encountered a storm in September of 1641, leaving her disabled and navigating under makeshift sails amid disagreement among its pilots about their location. Weeks later, she grounded on a reef in an area now named the Silver Shoals, just east of another shoal known as the Abrojos, which the pilots were trying to avoid. After another storm hit the

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island Since the accidental discovery in 1964 of around 10,000 silver cobs dating up to and including 1628 in 10 feet of water just 1,300 yards from the Lucayan Beach Hotel, the mystery of identifying

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countermarked issues of 1649-1652, transitional issues of 1652, and post-transitional pillars-and-waves cobs of 1653-1654, many in excellent condition and expertly conserved. As an interesting footnote, the very coins salvaged from the Capitana by the Spanish in 1654 were lost again on the Maravillas wreck of 1656 (see next), and some of those coins salvaged from the Maravillas were lost again in the wreck of the salvage vessel Madama do Brasil off Gorda Cay (Bahamas) in 1657. Furthering Spain’s woes was the destruction of another treasure fleet in 1657 by English marauders fresh from a victory in the Bay of Cádiz off Santa Cruz on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

wrecked ship and the admiral and officers left in the ship’s only longboat, the remaining crew resorted to building rafts from the ship’s timbers. Survivors’ accounts pointed to drowning, starvation and even sharks for the approximately 300 casualties. In the fallout that ensued, none of the survivors could report the wreck’s location with accuracy, so it sat undisturbed until New England’s William Phipps found it in 1687 and brought home tons of silver and some gold, to the delight of his English backers. The Concepción was found again in 1978 by Burt Webber, Jr., whose divers recovered some 60,000 silver cobs, mostly Mexican 8 and 4 reales, and also some Potosí and rare Colombian cobs, including more from the Cartagena mint than had been found on any other shipwreck. Unlike the Maravillas 15 years later, the Concepción did not yield any gold cobs in our time, and any significant artifacts found were retained by the government of the Dominican Republic who oversaw the salvage. The bulk of the silver cobs found on the Concepción were heavily promoted, even in department stores. The site is still worked from time to time with limited success.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island As the almiranta of the homebound Spanish fleet in January of 1656, the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas was officially filled with over five million pesos of treasure (and probably much more in contraband, as was usually the case). That treasure included much of the silver salvaged from the South Seas Fleet’s Capitana of 1654 that wrecked on Chanduy Reef off Ecuador (see above). The ill-fated treasure sank once again when the Maravillas unexpectedly ran into shallow water and was subsequently rammed by one of the other ships of its fleet, forcing the captain to try to ground the Maravillas on a nearby reef on Little Bahama Bank off Grand Bahama Island. In the ensuing chaos, exacerbated by strong winds, most of the 650 people on board died in the night, and the wreckage scattered. Spanish salvagers soon recovered almost half a million pesos of treasure, followed by more recoveries over the next several decades, yet with over half of the official cargo still unfound. The first rediscovery of the Maravillas in the twentieth century was by Robert Marx and his company Seafinders in 1972, whose finds were featured in an auction by Schulman in New York in 1974. Included among the coins in this sale were some previously unknown Cartagena silver cobs of 1655 and countermarked Potosí coinage of 1649-1651 and 1652 transitionals, in addition to many Mexican silver cobs and a few Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The second big salvage effort on the Maravillas was achieved by Herbert Humphreys and his company Marex in the late 1980s and early 1990s, resulting in two big sales by Christie’s (London) in 1992 and 1993, which featured many Bogotá cob 2 escudos, more Mexico and Potosí silver cobs, and several important artifacts. The most recent big sale of Maravillas finds, presumably from one of the many salvage efforts from the 1970s and 1980s, took place in California in 2005, again with a good quantity of Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The wreck area is still being searched today, but officially the Bahamian government has not granted any leases on the site since the early 1990s. It is possible the bulk of the treasure is still to be found.

Lastdrager, sunk in 1653 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland The Dutch East India Co. flute Lastdrager set sail for Batavia (modern-day Jakarta, Indonesia) in February of 1653, during the first Anglo-Dutch war, which made passage through the English Channel unsafe. The alternate route north around the Shetland Islands proved to be equally dangerous in stormy conditions, which ultimately led to her demise. Only 26 people survived and only two chests of treasure were saved, amounting to a small portion of the total of 37,500 guilders she was carrying. Modern salvage efforts in the early 1970s yielded over 500 coins and some artifacts. The bulk of the treasure is believed to be in the still-missing stern section.

Capitana (Jesús María de la Limpia Concepción), sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador This wreck was the largest loss ever experienced by the Spanish South Seas (Pacific) Fleet, of which the Jesus María de la Limpia Concepción was the capitana (“captain’s ship” or lead vessel) in 1654. Official records reported the loss of 3 million pesos of silver (2,212 ingots, 216 chests of coins, and 22 boxes of wrought silver), augmented to a total of as much as 10 million pesos when contraband and private consignments were taken into account. By comparison, the entire annual silver production in Peru at that time was only about 6-7 million pesos! Obviously overloaded, the Capitana sank technically due to pilot error, which drove the ship onto the reefs south of the peninsula known as Punta Santa Elena, a geographic feature the pilot thought he had cleared. Twenty people died in the disaster. For eight years afterward, Spanish salvagers officially recovered over 3 million pesos of coins and bullion (with probably much more recovered off the record), leaving only an unreachable lower section for divers to find in our time. Ironically, the main salvager of the Capitana in the 1650s and early 1660s was none other than the ship’s silvermaster, Bernardo de Campos, who was responsible for the ship’s being overloaded with contraband in the first place. The wreck was rediscovered in the mid-1990s and salvaged (completely, according to some) in 1997. After a 50-50 split with the Ecuadorian government in 1998, investors sold most of their half of the more than 5,000 coins recovered at auction in 1999. Almost exclusively Potosí 8 and 4 reales, the coins were a healthy mix of

San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off Jupiter Inlet, east coast of Florida As well known as this wreck has become among the Florida treasure community and shipwreck collectors around the world, surprisingly little has been written about it, and not one major auction has been dedicated to its finds. The San Miguel was not a big treasure galleon in a huge convoy; rather, she was a lone aviso, a smaller ship for carrying letters and other communications quickly back to Spain. But unlike most avisos, the San Miguel was carrying some important treasure, as it was in the right time and place to take on samples of the unauthorized “Star of Lima” coinage of 1659 for the King to see. In October the

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San Miguel encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Florida, grounded on a sandbar, and broke apart rapidly, leaving only 34 survivors among the 121 people on board. Those survivors were all quickly captured by natives (Ais) and therefore had no opportunity to salvage the scattered wreck. Today only parts of the wreck of the San Miguel have been found, discovered by lifeguard Peter Leo in 1987, in about 10 to 20 feet of water and under as much as 20 feet of sand. Salvage is ongoing. Besides a couple of gold ingots and one large silver ingot, the yield to date has been modest, mostly low-end silver cobs of Mexico and Potosí, a good amount of the rare 1659 “Star of Lima” silver coinage, a couple Bogotá gold cobs, and some rare Cartagena silver cobs. All were sold through various dealers and private transactions. If the hull of the ship is ever found, as the salvagers think it will be, the market may finally see some of the gold cobs of the “Star of Lima” issue of 1659.

English pirates, led by Bartholomew Sharpe, who forced the Spanish galleon to sink on a reef off Santa Clara Island (later nicknamed “Isla de Muerto,” or Dead Man’s Island). Before the pirates could get to the ship, the crew set fire to her and tried to escape to the nearby island without success. Angered by their inability to seize the valuable cargo of the Consolación, Sharpe’s men killed the Spaniards and tried in vain to recover the treasure through the efforts of local fishermen. Spanish attempts after that were also fruitless, so the treasure of the Consolación sat undisturbed until our time. When vast amounts of silver coins were found in the area starting in the 1990s, by local entrepreneurs Roberto Aguirre and Carlos Saavedra (“ROBCAR”) and the government of Ecuador in 1997 under mutual agreement, the exact name and history of the wreck were unknown, and about 8,000 of the coins (all Potosí silver cobs) were subsequently sold at auction by Spink New York in December 2001 as simply “Treasures from the ‘Isla de Muerto.’” Most of the coins offered were of low quality and poorly preserved but came with individually numbered photo-certificates. Later, after the provenance had been properly researched and better conservation methods were used, a Florida syndicate arranged to have ongoing finds from this wreck permanently encapsulated in hard-plastic holders by the authentication and grading firm ANACS, with the wreck provenance clearly stated inside the “slab”; more recent offerings have bypassed this encapsulation. Ongoing salvage efforts have good reason to be hopeful, as the manifest of the Consolación stated the value of her registered cargo as 146,000 pesos in silver coins in addition to silver and gold ingots, plus an even higher sum in contraband, according to custom.

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1671 in Seville Harbor, Spain The city of Seville is situated on the Guadalquivir River, about 50 miles inland from the ocean port of Cádiz, where treasure from the New World arrived on sea-going galleons. From there the treasure sailed upriver by boat to Seville. Sometime in 1671 it is believed one of these boats sank outside Seville, or at least its treasure was lost there somehow in the river, for in the mid-1990s a large hoard of obviously salvaged silver cob 8 and 4 reales of Potosí, none dated later than 1671, and mostly in decent condition, began to emerge from markets in Spain without provenance but reportedly found in Seville Harbor during the installation of a fiber-optic cable across the river. It should be noted that the same type of coins (with characteristics identical to those from the Seville wreck) have been sold in recent years as having come from the so-called “Señorita de Santa Cristina” of 1672 off Cádiz, but we can find no record of this ship or its salvage.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa An English East Indiaman on her way to Surat on the west coast of India, the Joanna separated from her convoy and sank in rough seas on a reef off the southernmost tip of South Africa on June 8, 1682, sending 10 people to their death. Eventually 104 survivors reached the Dutch colony of Cape Town, from which a salvage party was soon dispatched. The Joanna’s cargo consisted of 70 chests of silver coins, of which the salvage party reported having recovered only about 28,000 guilders’ worth. In 1982 the wreck was rediscovered by a group of South African divers led by Gavin Clackworthy, who brought up silver ingots (discs) and more than 23,000 silver cobs, most of them Mexican 4 and 8 reales of Charles II in generally low grade, but a few showing bold, formerly very rare dates 1679-1681. Over the past two decades, these cobs have entered the market from both private dealers and auctions, but always in relatively small quantities at a time. Almost all the coins are in very worn condition, usually thin and nearly featureless, but without the heavy encrustation and pitting that characterize Caribbean finds.

HMS Winchester, sunk in 1695 in the Florida Keys

Consolación (“Isla de Muerto shipwreck”), sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

Beset with scurvy, the crew of the HMS Winchester (a fourthrate ship of 60 cannons) was left with only eight able hands to man the ship when she hit a reef off the Florida Keys (about 25 miles south of present-day Miami) in September of 1695 on her way home from Port Royal, Jamaica, accompanied by sister-ship HMS Dunkirk and a French prize. The wreck was salvaged in our time starting in 1938, when salvager Charlie Brookfield brought up cannons and identified the ship. In later years the wrecksite was worked by Art McKee and Bobby Klein. Today the Winchester site lies within John Pennekamp Park and is protected from further salvage.

When salvage first began on this wreck in 1997, it was initially believed to be the Santa Cruz and later called El Salvador y San José, sunk in August of 1680; however, research by Robert Marx after the main find in subsequent years confirmed its proper name and illuminated its fascinating history. Intended to be part of the Spanish “South Seas Fleet” of 1681, which left Lima’s port of Callao in April, the Consolación apparently was delayed and ended up traveling alone. At the Gulf of Guayaquil, off modern-day Ecuador, the Consolación encountered

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Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa This Dutch East Indiaman was outbound when she tried to put into Saldanha Bay to alleviate rampant scurvy on board the ship. On April 3, 1702, she hit reefs on the southwest point of Jutten Island and within hours was smashed to pieces. Only 99 of the 200 people aboard the Merestein survived. On board the Merestein were several chests of silver coins for trade in the East Indies and for which immediate salvage plans were undertaken. But Jutten Island is no easy dive, and all attempts were abandoned until modern times. The wreck was rediscovered and salvaged in the early 1970s, yielding almost exclusively Dutch silver ducatoons from the 1600s. The number of coins found in the 1970s was around 15,000 and is believed to be nowhere near all of the treasure that was lost. Thousands more coins and artifacts were recovered by the salvage company Sealit in the 1990s.

1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida The Spanish 1715-Fleet disaster was probably the greatest to befall any of the Spanish treasure fleets in terms of casualties and money, with reports of a loss of 14 million pesos (plus an equal or greater amount in contraband) and as many as 1,000 or more lives. It was a typical case of overloaded Spanish galleons foundering in a hurricane after delayed departure. In effect the 1715 Fleet was a combination of two fleets: the Nueva España (New Spain, i.e., Mexico) Fleet from Mexico and the Tierra Firme (Mainland) Fleet from South America, some 12 or 13 ships in all. Encountering a hurricane on July 30, all the ships were driven shoreward and destroyed except for a lone vessel, the tag-along French ship Grifón, which sailed onward without incident. Hundreds of the crew and passengers lost their lives while other hundreds of survivors improvised a camp on shore to await aid from the Spanish fort at St. Augustine, to which a party was sent. Salvage commenced soon afterward and lasted for several years. Nearly half of the vast treasure (at least the registered part) was recovered and kept in a nearby storehouse. In 1716, a flotilla of British freebooters under Henry Jennings raided the storehouse and carried off some 350,000 pesos of the treasure to Jamaica. The Spaniards, however, resumed operations until they could salvage no more and quit in 1719. The rest of the treasure remained on the ocean floor until our time. Modern salvage on the 1715 Fleet began in the late 1950s, when local resident Kip Wagner found a piece of eight on the beach after a hurricane and decided to pursue the source. With the help of a 1774 chart and an army-surplus metal detector, he located the original Spanish salvage camp and unearthed coins and artifacts. Then, using a rented airplane to spot the underwater wrecksite from the air and check the location again by boat, Kip found the source of the coins and soon formed a team of divers and associates backed by a salvage permit from the State of Florida. All of this took place over a period of years before it evolved into the Real Eight Company, whose ranks later included such luminaries as Robert Marx and the flamboyant Mel Fisher. The Fisher family still sub-leases the sites to hopeful salvagers today. The vast treasures yielded by the 1715 Fleet in our time fall into nearly every category, from coins to jewelry, precious stones to cannons, religious artifacts to Chinese porcelains. The 1715 Fleet remains the world’s largest source for New World gold cobs, while the silver cobs recovered number in the hundreds of thousands. Promotions of the coins by Real Eight and others have spanned the decades, in addition to significant auctions by Henry Christensen (1964); Parke-Bernet Galleries (1967) and Sotheby Parke Bernet (1973); the Schulman Coin and Mint (1972 and 1974); Bowers and Ruddy Galleries (1977); and even the U.S. Customs Service (2003).

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England The sinking of this ship and four others in a fleet of 21 returning from the Mediterranean was one of the worst British naval disasters of all time. The Association sank on October 22 under stormy conditions after what can only be described as guesswork navigation that led the ships straight onto the rocks of the Scilly Isles, where as many as 2,000 sailors lost their lives as a result. The admiral of the fleet, Sir Cloudisley Shovell, whose ten chests of personal wealth (in addition to several others) were rumored to be aboard the Association, was one of the casualties of the sinking, although legend has it he reached shore alive, only to be murdered there by a local woman for a ring on his finger. The wrecksite was located in 1967 by British Navy divers, touching off a frenzy of activity on the site for years to come. Cannons and a few coins were raised in the 1960s, but it was not till 1973 that a significant amount of coins were found (8,000 in that year alone). These coins, mostly British silver and gold but also many Spanish and Spanish-American silver cobs, were sold at auction beginning in 1969 and into the early 1970s. The cobs presented an eclectic mix, mostly 8 reales from the 1650s forward (even a “Royal” presentation issue from 1676), but from nearly all mints (especially Lima and Potosí), some even left in as-found conglomerate form combined with British coins. It is interesting to note that parts of this wreck, like others in the area, were flattened hard to the muddy sea floor by huge boulders that still roll around with the currents, making for dangerous and difficult salvage.

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland During the War of Spanish Succession it was deemed safer to take the northern route around Scotland than to skirt French coasts in the English Channel, but in so doing the Dutch East Indiaman DeLiefde wrecked on a reef in the Out Skerries due to faulty navigation under overcast skies, leaving only one survivor to tell the tale. Prompt salvage attempts by the VOC to recover the cargo of silver and gold coins turned up nothing—looting by locals was greatly suspected. Modern expeditions in the 1960s, however, located the ship and yielded upwards of 4000 coins (mostly silver “rider” ducatoons and gold ducats) in 1966-1968, many of which were sold at auction by Glendining (London) in 1969.

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modest, especially in gold coins, of which there are far more fakes on the market than genuine specimens. Nevertheless, the 1733 Fleet has been a significant source for some of the rare Mexican milled “pillar dollars” of 1732-1733 as well as the transitional “klippe”-type coins of 1733.

Despite a wealth of publications pertaining to the 1715 Fleet with names of the ships and the known locations of some of the wrecks, there is no universal agreement as to the identity of the vessel at each wrecksite. In many cases, in fact, it is possible that separate wrecksites represent different parts of the same ship. As a result, salvagers over the decades have resorted to nicknames for the sites based on landmarks, local individuals, and even features from the wrecks themselves, such as (from north to south): “Pines” (Sebastian), “Cabin” (Wabasso), “Cannon” (Wabasso), “Corrigans” (Vero Beach), “Rio Mar” (Vero Beach), “Sandy Point” (Vero Beach), “Wedge” (Fort Pierce), and “Colored Beach” (Fort Pierce). Regardless of the exact site of origin, a great majority of the coins and artifacts are sold simply as “1715 Fleet.”

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands The East Indiaman Vliegenthart (“Flying Hart” in Dutch) had just departed Rammekens for the East Indies when the deadly combination of a northeast gale, a spring tide and pilot error sent her into a sand bank behind her sister-ship Anna Catharina. The latter ship broke apart in the storm while the Vliegenthart, damaged and firing her cannons in distress, slipped off the bank and sank in 10 fathoms of water. All hands on both ships were lost. Contemporaneous salvage under contract with the Dutch East India Company was unsuccessful, but it provided a piece of evidence, a secret map, that emerged from obscurity in 1977. Stemming from that, divers employed by the former London attorney Rex Cowan discovered the wreck in 1981, and in 1983 they found their first coins, one of three chests of Mexican silver and Dutch gold coins (totaling 67,000 guilders or dollar-sized units) for the East India trade aboard the Vliegenthart. The second chest was smashed on the seabed and its contents partially salvaged, while the third chest, intact like the first, came up in 1992. The divers also recovered several smaller boxes of large Dutch silver coins known as “ducatoons,” illegally exported and therefore contraband. Among the silver coins found were thousands of Mexican cobs, predominantly 8 reales, many with clear dates in the early 1730s and in excellent condition.

Le Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova Scotia, Canada This French man-of-war was attempting to reach Louisburg harbor with a consignment of troops and coins for the French colony when a storm sent her onto the rocks of Cape Breton instead, killing all on board. The main wrecksite was never found until 1961, when Alex Storm spotted cannons on the seabed and led a successful salvage expedition on the site in 1965, yielding many French silver ecus and gold Louis d’ors. The Chameau has been salvaged more recently as well.

1733 Fleet, Florida Keys Much like the 1715-Fleet disaster, the 1733 Fleet was an entire Spanish convoy lost in a hurricane off Florida. However, due to the lesser severity of the 1733 hurricane, which struck the fleet on July 15, and the shallowness of the wrecksites in the Keys, there were many survivors, and four ships remained in good enough condition to be refloated and sent back to Havana. A highly successful salvage effort by the Spanish yielded even more than the 12 million pesos of precious cargo listed on the Fleet’s manifest (thanks to the usual contraband). The wrecks themselves are spread across 80 miles, from north of Key Largo down to south of Duck Key, and include the following galleons (note there is not universal agreement as to which wrecksite pertains to each galleon, and each name is a contemporaneous abbreviation or nickname): El Pópulo, El Infante, San José, El Rubí (the capitana), Chávez, Herrera, Tres Puentes, San Pedro, El Terri (also spelled Lerri or Herri), San Francisco, El Gallo Indiano (the almiranta), Las Angustias, El Sueco de Arizón, San Fernando, and San Ignacio. This last ship, San Ignacio, is believed to be the source of many silver coins (and even some gold coins) found in a reef area off Deer Key known as “Coffins Patch,” the south-westernmost of all the 1733Fleet wrecksites. In addition, many other related sites are known, mostly the wrecks of tag-along ships that accompanied the fleet proper. The first and arguably most famous of the wrecks of the 1733 Fleet to be located in modern times was the capitana El Rubí, which was discovered in 1948 and salvaged principally in the 1950s by Art McKee, whose Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key housed his finds for all to see. Unfortunately throughout the next several decades the wrecksites in the Keys became a virtual free-forall, with many disputes and confrontations, until the government created the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in 1990. The removal of artifacts from any of the sites is prohibited today. In contrast to the 1715 Fleet, and because of the extensive Spanish salvage in the 1730s, the finds by modern divers have been

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 off southeast England Off the southeastern tip of England, just north of the Straits of Dover, the sea hides a most unusual feature known as the Goodwin Sands, where sandbanks appear and disappear unpredictably and move with the tides. Many ships over the centuries have sunk here and silted over, and occasionally one of the wrecks will surface and be discovered. Such is the case with the Rooswijk, a Dutch East Indiaman that foundered on the Goodwin Sands in a storm on December 19, 1739 (by the calendar in use by the British at the time), with all hands and 30 chests of treasure, virtually gone without a trace. By chance in December 2004, the sands that had swallowed the wreck of the Rooswijk parted and allowed diver Ken Welling to retrieve two complete chests and hundreds of silver bars. Operating in secrecy, salvage continued in 2005 under the direction of Rex Cowan (in agreement with the Dutch and British governments) and is ongoing today. So far, several hundred Mexican silver cobs of the 1720s and early 1730s and transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734, as well as many more hundreds of “pillar dollars” and a smattering of cobs from other mints, have hit the market from this wreck, mostly through auction.

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Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

Nuestra Señora de la Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay

Blown off course on her way to the East Indies, the Hollandia struck Gunner Rock and sank in about 110 feet of water about 1½ miles east of it on July 13, 1743. There were no survivors. The first sign of the wreck came in 1971, when divers under Rex Cowan located the wrecksite and within a couple years salvaged more than 35,000 silver coins among the nearly 130,000 guilders (dollar-sized units) recorded to be on board the Hollandia. A great majority of the coins were Mexican “pillar dollars,” but there were also some silver cobs, including the scarce Mexican transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734 and a few Guatemala cobs, in mixed condition.

Actually a Portuguese vessel leased by the Spanish, the Luz left Buenos Aires in the summer of 1752 with a load of money bound for Spain and had just stopped in Montevideo for provisioning when a strong storm swept her into the coastline, spreading wreckage over a wide area and killing all on board. While over 90% of the treasure was recovered soon afterward, the powder-hold was never found, and as it turns out, that is where some 200,000 pesos (according to later reports) of contraband had been stored. In April 1992, divers working under Rubén Collado began to recover gold coins on a wrecksite in the Río de la Plata, and soon it became clear the wreck in question had to be from 1751 or 1752, as none of the coins was dated later than 1751. The finds, which were split with the Uruguayan government and then sold at auction in New York and Montevideo, consisted of mostly milled (bust-type) 8 escudos from the new mint at Santiago, Chile. Also in these auctions were 95 gold cobs and 353 silver cobs, the former mostly Lima 8 and 4 escudos (but also some Bogotá 2 escudos), and the latter mostly 8 and 4 reales from Potosí (with several more gold and silver cob sold privately). The gold is pristine, but the silver coins all show at least moderate corrosion.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa Laden with 20 chests (69,760 ounces) of Spanish silver, the East Indiaman Princess Louisa fell victim to surprise currents and inaccurate charts and struck a reef and sank off Isla de Maio in the early morning hours of April 18. Forty-two of the 116 people aboard floated to safety on the nearby island, but nothing on the ship could be saved. Contemporaneous salvage never came to fruition. In 1998 and 1999 the wrecksite was located and salvaged by the Arqueonautas firm, whose finds from this wreck have been largely marketed by a Houston coin and jewelry dealer ever since, although some coins were also sold at auction in 2000-2001. Most of the coins were New World silver cobs from all the mints that were operating in the early 1700s (including rare Bogotá cobs), predominantly minors (smaller than 8 reales), in average condition, with quite a few preserved in as-found multiplecoin clusters.

Bredenhof, sunk in 1753 off Mozambique The Bredenhof was a Dutch East Indiaman headed to India with 14 barrels of copper “duits” (penny-like coins), 29 chests of silver bars, and one chest of gold ducats. On June 6, 1753, about 13 miles from the eastern coast of Africa and 120 miles south of the Portuguese settlement of Mozambique, the Bredenhof found herself in difficult currents and struck a reef. Amazingly, among the first items jettisoned to try to raise the ship off the reef were some of the chests of silver bars! The gold was taken by the ship’s officers, some of whom survived the trip to Mozambique, but the silver bars and copper coins were lost until modern times, despite salvage attempts in the 1750s. In 1986 divers with the salvage company Sealit found the wreck and recovered hundreds of silver ingots and hundreds of thousands of copper coins, all sold at auction by Christie’s Amsterdam that same year.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa More popularly known in the U.S. as Reygersdahl, this typical East Indiaman was carrying eight chests of silver coins (nearly 30,000 coins) when she sank on October 25, 1747, between Robben and Dassen Islands. After four-and-a-half months at sea, the crew had anchored there to fetch rock rabbits (“dassies,” for which Dassen Island was named) and other fresh food to relieve massive illness on board the ship, on which some 125 had died and 83 were incapacitated out of 297 people; but in the face of a gale, the anchor-line snapped and the ship foundered on the rocks. Only 20 survived the sinking, and only one incomplete chest of coins was recovered. The area was deemed too dangerous to attempt further salvage. Beginning in 1979, modern salvage on the wreck by the salvage company Sealit yielded thousands of coins (as many as 15,000 by the early 1980s, when protective legislation was enacted in South Africa), mostly in near pristine condition, which have been sold in various auctions and private offerings ever since. A great majority of the coins from this wreck are Mexican pillar dollars in excellent condition, but there were also a few hundred New World silver cobs, including Guatemala cobs, which are rarely seen from shipwrecks.

Dodington, sunk in 1755 off Port Elizabeth, South Africa (also “Clive of India treasure”) This shipwreck presents an amazing tale of survival and buried treasure, with a modern twist. Following the customary East India route, the Dodington outpaced her consorts and therefore was alone when her pilot followed an erroneous chart too closely and in the middle of the night she suddenly struck rocks and sank off present-day Bird Island off the east coast of South Africa. Of 270 people on board, 23 made it to the island, where they subsisted mostly on seagull eggs for over seven months while the ship’s carpenter crafted a rescue vessel. Meanwhile, at least a couple of the 10 chests of silver coins and the one chest of wrought silver on board the ship were recovered and buried, and the fate of each of those chests is not thoroughly known. There was also a chest of gold coins on behalf of the English military hero Lord Clive—more about that later. The survivors set off for Delagoa (Mozambique) and left behind an island that later became known for treasure-hunters and ghost stories. In the summer of 1977 the wreck of the Dodington was discovered by South African divers, who proceeded to bring up cannon

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and coins but no gold. In the early to mid-1990s the wreck was revisited by another set of divers and yielded more silver coins and a smattering of gold, but nowhere near the 653+ ounces recorded to be in the chest when it was loaded onto the Dodington in 1755. What is believed to be the actual Clive’s gold (by composition and total weight) was supposedly recovered a few years later in a different area entirely, reportedly in the wreckage of a pirate ship somewhat further along the East India route. Nobody knows why Clive’s chest of gold was not on the Dodington site. Either it was found by the survivors and buried on Bird Island to be picked up or absconded with later, or it was salvaged and taken away later in the eighteenth century. Because the link could not be proven entirely, and due to a protracted legal battle with the government of South Africa, this last group of gold coins was sold at auction in 2000 as simply the “Clive of India Treasure.” The composition of the silver-coin finds from the Dodington was mostly Mexican “pillar dollars” but with a good amount of Potosí and Lima cobs (predominantly smaller denominations) as well, mostly sea-worn and at least moderately corroded, sold through dealers and smaller auctions in the U.S. and Australia. The gold was all Portuguese/ Brazilian.

in April of 1781 off the Isle of Maio. When salvaged by Arqueonautas in 1999, the Schimmelmann yielded over 800 pieces of Swedish copper “plate money,” huge slabs of copper that actually had monetary value in the late 1600s and early 1700s but were demonetized and shipped as scrap copper by the time of this wreck.

Scipion, sunk in 1782 in Samaná Bay, Dominican Republic A valiant fighter against the English in the American Revolutionary War, the French ship Scipion was engaged in battle when she inadvertently maneuvered onto a reef and sank in thirty feet of water on October 18, 1782. Discovered in our time by Tracy Bowden, the Scipion site is still being salvaged for its important artifacts.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans, Louisiana The Cazador was a Spanish brig of war headed from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to New Orleans under the direction of Captain Gabriel de Campos y Piñeda. Her cargo of some 450,000 pesos of newly minted silver coins was meant to stabilize the fragile economy in the Spanish possession of Louisiana, which had suffered from the use of French paper currency. The fact that the coins never arrived probably hastened the decision to cede the colony to Napoleon in 1800, soon after which Louisiana was sold to the fledgling United States of America for $15 million. Nobody knows how the Cazador was lost, and no evidence of the ship was found until 1993, when a fishing crew led by Captain Jerry Murphy snagged their net on something about 50 miles south of New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico. When the net was brought up, it spilled out hundreds of silver coins onto the deck of Jerry’s boat, aptly named Mistake. Shortly thereafter, the fishermen obtained the rights to the find and began recoveries under the name of Grumpy Inc.

Tilbury, sunk in 1757 off Nova Scotia, Canada In an expedition against the French fortress at Louisbourg, the Tilbury was one of four ships (in a fleet of twenty) that were carrying a total of 34 chests of silver coins when the fleet encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Cape Breton. The Tilbury and one of the non-coin-bearing ships, the smaller sloop Ferret, sank in the middle of the night on September 25, 1757. Two hundred eighty of the 400 men on board the Tilbury survived to become French prisoners; the other ship and its crew were lost without a trace. Famous diver and author Alex Storm (with Adrian Richards) located the bow section of the Tilbury in 1969 on a stretch of coastline known, appropriately enough, as “Tilbury Rocks,” where until the 1980s there was even a cannon from the wreck lying on shore for all to see. In 1986 divers Pierre LeClerc and Gilles Brisebois found what is believed to be the midsection of the ship farther offshore, and these divers recovered several hundred coins, many of which were auctioned in 1989. Most of the coins were silver pillar dollars, but there were also several silver cobs and even at least one gold cob among the finds. The missing stern section of the ship, where the bulk of the treasure was stored, is still to be found.

Hartwell, sunk in 1787 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa On her maiden voyage to China, the British East Indiaman Hartwell was heavily laden with silver when the crew mutinied. After quelling the fight, the captain headed to the Cape Verde Islands to offload the mutineers. Exhausted from the mutiny, the weary sailors ran the ship into a reef off the Island of Boavista, losing the ship entirely. Fortunately all hands were saved. Salvage by the British East India Company 1788-1791 yielded nearly half of the approximately 200,000 ounces of silver cargo on board the Hartwell. Pirates at the time recovered another 40,000 coins. The wrecksite was found again and salvaged by Afrimar in 1994-1996 and by Arqueonautas in 1996-1999, providing the market with Spanish colonial bust-type 8 reales in generally poor condition.

Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada After the end of the Seven Years’ War between England and France in 1759, French officers and aristocrats in Canada were sent from Quebec back to France in ships such as the Auguste. In stormy conditions and damaged by fire, the Auguste struck a sand bar on November 15 and subsequently sank in Aspy Bay off Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Only seven of the 121 on board survived, and the wealth of the passengers was lost until our time. To date, well over a thousand coins of various nationalities have been found, along with many important artifacts.

Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 in Lyme Bay, south of England One of a huge fleet of 300 ships on their way to the West Indies to suppress a French uprising, the Piedmont was forced into Lyme Bay during a hurricane on November 18, 1795, that scattered and sank the ships of the fleet all along the Dorset coast. The Piedmont and five other ships (Aeolus, Catherine, Golden Grove, Thomas and Venus) broke apart on Chesil Beach and came to be known collectively as the “Lyme Bay wrecks.” An estimated 1,000 men lost their lives in the disaster, including well over a hundred from the Piedmont alone.

Count Ernst Schimmelmann, sunk in 1781 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa The actual name of this Danish East Indiaman (if it even had one) is unknown, and instead it is referred to by the name of her captain, who was taking her from Denmark to China when she sank

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salvagers were awarded about 92 percent of the treasure, with most of the rest going to insurance companies who had paid the claim when the ship sank. Widely touted as the greatest treasure ever found, the gold from the Central America has been very heavily promoted and cleverly marketed.

In the early 1980s, the wrecks were salvaged by divers Selwyn Williams and Les and Julia C. Kent, who discovered many silver cobs of the late 1600s on the wrecksite of the Piedmont. It is presumed that the coins had been captured or recovered from a seventeenth-century wreck and stored in the vaults of the Bank of England for about a century before being transported and subsequently lost again. These coins are usually recognizable by their uniformly dark-gray color, a bit sea-worn but not overly corroded. A significant group of extremely rare Colombian silver cobs from the Piedmont (but not identified as such) was offered at auction in 1995.

S.S. Republic, sunk in 1865 in deep water off Savannah, Georgia Originally christened the Tennessee (which is how she was identified in our time), the sidewheel steamer Republic was carrying some $400,000 in specie from New York to New Orleans when she sank in a hurricane about 100 miles offshore on October 25, 1865. One of many deep targets located by the salvage company Odyssey, the site of the Republic was salvaged by submersible craft beginning in 2003. In addition to gold and silver coins of the Civil War-era United States, Odyssey found the ship’s bell with part of the name Tennessee, confirming the ship’s identity and launching a massive, ongoing promotional campaign for coins and artifacts from the wreck.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador This wreck, salvaged periodically in the late twentieth century, typically yielded portrait (bust) 8 reales from Lima, Peru, but more recent work in 2001 brought up a handful of small silver cobs of the mid- to late 1700s mostly from the Potosí mint. These were probably from a small, private purse and not part of the more than 2 million pesos of registered silver and gold cargo aboard the Leocadia when she departed Paita, Peru, bound for Panama in a convoy of merchant vessels. On November 16, 1800, the Leocadia struck a shoal and broke apart 100 yards from the beach at Punta Santa Elena, with a loss of over 140 lives in the disaster. Within the next year the Spanish salvaged about 90 percent of the registered treasure, leaving more than 200,000 pesos (not to mention the expected contraband) behind to tempt divers in our time. Judging from the paucity of coins from this ship on the open market, we may assume that many more are still to be found.

Douro, sunk in 1882 off Cape Finisterre, Spain The British Royal Mail Steamer Douro was en route to England from Portugal when she collided with the Spanish steamship Yrurac Bat and sank in the early morning hours of April 2, 1882, in deep water off the northwest coast of Spain. All but six people on board survived, but the ship and its cargo of tens of thousands of gold coins were a total loss. The wreck was found and salvaged in 1995 by Sverker Hallstrom and Nigel Pickford using a remoteoperated vehicle (ROV) at a depth of 1,500 feet. The cargo of gold coins, mostly British sovereigns was sold at auction by Spink (London) in 1996.

HMS Birkenhead, sunk in 1852 off South Africa Reportedly carrying £240,000 pounds of specie along with troops, the paddle-wheel steamer Birkenhead hit a rock off Danger Point and sank quickly, to the demise of some 445 people on board. However, this ship is somewhat famous as being the origin of the term “women and children first” (which Rudyard Kipling termed the “Birkenhead Drill” in his poem “Soldier an’ Sailor Too”) as the crew made sure to place them on lifeboats ahead of themselves, and in the end all the women and children survived. Salvagers in the 1980s excavated the wreck and recovered a few gold coins and artifacts but not the bulk of the fabled treasure.

“Manila Bay Treasure,” dumped in 1942 off the Philippines

Sunk in a hurricane on September 12, 1857, the mail steamer Central America took with her more than 400 lives and over three tons of gold. The wreck lay undisturbed until 1986, when Tommy Thompson and his Columbus-America Discovery Group located the ship in 8500 feet of water. After 10 years of legal struggles, the

The Philippine Islands, along with Guam, Cuba and Puerto Rico, became US territories after the Spanish-American War in 1898. In 1903 the US began to strike coins for the Philippines, including a set of commemorative coins in 1936 featuring US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Philippines Governor General Frank Murphy and Philippines President Manuel Quezon. There was also a “dollar” medal made for the Philippines in 1920 featuring US President Woodrow Wilson. In World War II the Japanese invaded the Philippines. Fearful of looting, US General MacArthur and the retreating Philippine government dumped millions of dollars of silver coins into Manila Bay in 1942. After the US liberated the Philippines in 1945, Manila Bay became a popular site for salvage and thousands of coins were recovered.

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S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina

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Session I: April 26, 2011, 2:00 p.m. EDT Gold Cobs Mexico City, Mexico

1. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-108. 27.0 grams. Super bold date, full crown and shield and oMJ, nearly full denomination, full and bold cross, some bold legend, well-centered AU with hint of sediment and staining in crevices, very natural and undamaged. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

2. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-108. 27.0 grams. Bold and crisp Mint State with particularly nice crown and shield and cross, full date and denomination and oMJ quite nice as well, very minor nicks and marks in edge. From the Spanish 1715 Fleet, with original Mel Fisher photo-certificate #5010. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

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3. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1714J, with date at top of cross and GRAT at 10-11 o’clock on shield side, rare, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-107. 27.1 grams. Strange coin with about half the coin flat except for the centers and the GRAT, high grade (UNC) and almost perfectly round, with just a hint of the 1714 date at about 12 o’clock in the reverse legend. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April, 1999, with original lot-tag #1970. Estimate: $7,500-$10,000.

5. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, Louis I or Philip

4. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, Philip V, assayer J (1715-23). S-M30; KM-57.2. 26.9 grams. Typically thick and of small diameter, with bold full shield and oMJ and most of crown, good full cross with post-1714 ornaments in dimples of tressure, old-toned AXF. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction #127 of September 20, 2003, with original lot-tag #426. Estimate: $4,000$6,000.

V, assayer D (1724-28), rare. 26.9 grams. Very small and thick flan, lightly polished and somewhat crude but with good full cross (with flower-like ornaments in dimples of tressure), nearly full shield, VF or so. Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #5, lot 4. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

6. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, Charles II, assayer L, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M29; KM-54. 13.6 grams. Lustrous UNC, typically far from round, with bold full oXML, nearly full shield, about 60% cross with dimples (“jewels”), light red toning. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000. 20


7. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, (17)15J, rare, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-55.2; CT-235. 13.3 grams. Off-center obverse with resultantly full crown, bold 5 of date, most of oMJ and shield and denomination, full and well-centered cross and tressure, matte AU. From the Spanish 1715 Fleet, with Frank Sedwick letter of authenticity from 1993. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

8. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, (1715J), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-55.2; CT-235. 13.3 grams. Lustrous and high grade (uneven UNC) with patches of dark staining and encrustation in crevices, good full shield and denomination and cross. From the 1715 Fleet, with photo-certificate. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

9. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, Charles II, assayer not visible (L), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M29; KM-52. 6.9 grams. Lustrous AU, unusually well centered, with full cross and shield, the former with “jewels� and the latter with brownish coral in crevices. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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10. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, 1714J, from the 1715 Fleet, possibly finest known. S-M30; KM-53.2; CT-350. 6.8 grams. Highly lustrous and fully Mint State (probably MS-64), with razor-sharp details that include a choice full date and oMJ and cross, no problems at all, best we have ever seen. From the 1715 Fleet, with original Fisher tags and photo-certificate #NCB-MOE4423 and 1994 letter from Frank Sedwick referring to the quality of this coin as “you will find none higher.” Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

11. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, (17)15(J), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-53.2; CT-351. 6.8 grams. Typically off-center strike with choice full crown (very well detailed) and cross, clear 5 of date and upper half of shield only, UNC with fine sediment in crevices. From the 1715 Fleet, with Salvors, Inc. (Fisher) photo-certificate #BW95-004. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

12. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, assayer J (1702-10 style), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1. 3.4 grams. Lustrous and well-centered Mint State whose full cross is veritably loaded with coral in its quadrants, clear J, full shield. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 13. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, assayer not visible, style of (1702-10), from the 1715 Fleet. KM-51.1. 3.4 grams. Sharp and lustrous Mint State (at least MS-62), full shield and cross, somewhat crude style but about as nice as you can get in terms of grade. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 14. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, assayer not visible, style of (1702-10), from the 1715 Fleet. KM-51.1. 3.3 grams. Smallish flan with bold and well-centered shield and cross but nothing else, Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with Bob “Frogfoot” Weller photo-certificate (hand signed). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 15. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, assayer J, style of (1711-13), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1. 3.4 grams. Full shield and cross, bold assayer J, problem-free AU. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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16. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (171)2(J), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1; CT-507. 3.4 grams. Full cross, bold 2 of date (rare), crude shield, toned AU, nice old pedigree. From the 1715 Fleet, and pedigreed to the Coin Galleries auction of March 23, 1971, with original lot-tag #974. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500. 17. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1714)J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.4 grams. Choice, fully round specimen with superbly detailed full shield and cross, oMJ and denomination, lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

18. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, (1714)J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.4 grams. Choice full shield and denomination I, good cross (nearly full) with some legend, Mint State with one small flat spot (as made). From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 19. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, (1714)J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.4 grams. Highly lustrous Mint State (possibly MS-63 or higher), with full and well-detailed shield but cross rather off-center. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 20. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1714J), from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.4 grams. Lustrous Mint State, full cross and shield and crown, bold denomination, some legend (which is unusual). From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Lima, Peru

21. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1711M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-22. 26.8 grams. Good full cross with full king’s name in legend, full pillars-and-waves, AU with small bits of sediment in crevices. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction #127 of September 20, 2003, with original lot-tag #392. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

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22. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1712M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-23. 26.9 grams. Choice, lustrous Mint State with great full pillars and cross, bold second date and king’s name in legend, lightly toned. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #PC5-30246. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

23. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1732N. S-L29; KM-38.2; CT-47. 25. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1743V. S-L30; KM-38.2; CT-61.

27.1 grams. Bold full cross and pillars-and-waves, lightly polished

26.6 grams. Oval and smallish flan with full pillars (oddly leaning

XF+ with dark sediment in crevices. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

left, as made) and cross, lightly polished but nicely toned VF. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

24. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1739V. S-L30; KM-R34a; CT-56. 26. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1747V, rare. S-L30a; KM-47;

Very bold full cross and pillars-and-waves, lightly polished AU. With Fisher photo-certificate #PC5-30895. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750. 26.7 grams.

Choice full cross, full but doubled pillars (the date and mintmark and assayer all still clear), lightly toned AU, distinctive crowns above the pillars (per #556 in Calicó’s La Onza). Estimate: $5,250-$6,750.

CT-9. 26.8 grams.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

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27. Lima, Peru, cob 4 escudos, 1707H, rare. S-L25a; KM-37; CT-210. 13.4 grams. Good full cross and crown, bold full pillars, clear date and assayer, lightly toned XF+. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

28. Lima, Peru, cob 4 escudos, 1750R, from the Luz (1752), encapsulated NGC MS-63. S-L31; KM-A47; CT-91. Full and wellcentered pillars and cross, the latter with second date below and second mintmark to left, clearly high grade but with its luster subdued by fine sediment in crevices. From the Luz (1752), as stated inside the slab. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

29. Lima, Peru, cob 1 escudo, 1719M. S-L28; KM-35; CT-453. 3.3 grams. Choice

full cross, full and well-detailed castle with + above, bold L to left, M to right, nearly full date below, AU with nicely toned fields. With Fisher photo-certificate #PC5-30920. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

Cuzco, Peru

30. Cuzco, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1698M, “Lima style” planchet. S-CZ1; KM-28; CT-122. 6.7 grams. Choice strike on a broad, round flan (“Lima style”) with full and well-centered cross and pillars-and-waves, lightly polished but also lightly toned XF. Pedigreed to the Coin Galleries auction of July 29, 1975 (lot 1117), touted as “Consignment Enrique.” Estimate: $5,000-$7,500. 31. Cuzco, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1698M, “Bogotá style” planchet, from the 1715 Fleet. S-CZ1; KM-28; CT-122. 6.7 grams. Very thick, small-diameter flan (“Bogotá style”), partial cross and pillars but with clear date and assayer, lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sinclair photo-certificate #1667. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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32. Cuzco, Peru, cob 1 escudo, 1698M, from the 1715 Fleet, extremely rare, Sedwick Plate Coin. S-CZ1; KMA27; CT-173. 3.5 grams. Lustrous

Mint State, with bold mintmark C and nearly full castle above flatness where the date should appear (just the top of the 6 visible), full but off-center cross, only the second specimen we have handled in 30 years among a total population of about 5 known, as follows: (1) the Mo Geiger specimen (nice but holed); (2) the State of Florida specimen; (3) the KM plate coin; (4) the Real Eight specimen, lot 132 of the Christensen sale of October 8, 1964, and then lot 573 of the Schulman auction of November 27-29, 1972; and (5) the Sedwick specimen (this lot), which Frank Sedwick purchased from Paul Karon in the early 1990s and held onto for a number of years before it reached the hands of the current consignor. From the 1715 Fleet, plate coin on page 118 of the third edition (1995) of The Practical Book of Cobs. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

Bogotá, Colombia

33. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer 35. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer

A (ca. 1635), from the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” S-B20; KM4.1. 6.8 grams. Choice full shield and cross, bold assayer A and denomination II, small cut in tressure at rim, lightly toned UNC. From the ca.-1636 “Mesuno hoard.” Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

R to right (early 1650s), from the Maravillas (1656), mounted in 18K gold pendant bezel in the shape of a turtle. S-B21; KM-4.1. 22.3 grams total. Excellent full shield and cross (AU or better), with bold denomination and assayer, mounted shieldside up in one of the more eye-catching (yet still tasteful) pendants we have seen (designed in the Cayman Islands), the coin immobilized but not damaged. From the Maravillas (1656), with photo-certificate. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

34. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not visible but style of Ramos (late 1640s). S-B21; KM-4.1. 6.4 grams. Full and well-detailed shield and cross with coral in crevices as from unspecified salvage, bold mintmark NR to left, lustrous UNC. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

36. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1703, one-year type with dots in circles in dimples of tressure around cross, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-6. 6.7 grams. Roundish flan, lustrous UNC with flat centers, particularly pronounced tressure, clear bottom half+ of the date. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher tag and photo-certificate #NCB3373MO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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37. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1707/6 (unlisted overdate), from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-unl. (cf. 14.2). 6.7 grams. Choice broad flan with full and well-detailed shield containing sediment in crevices, full cross and tressure (weak in spots), much legend including very bold full date and clear overdate, UNC. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #PC5-30219. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

38. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1709, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-12. 6.7 grams. Lustrous, broad-flan Mint State with streak of central flatness, otherwise with full shield and cross, bold king’s ordinal II in legend, full and clear date. Interestingly, the cross does NOT bear balls at the ends like other 1709s. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher tag and photo-certificate #NCB0264JB. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

40. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1712, from the 1715 Fleet, pedigreed to the 2003 “Tampa sale,” mounted in ornate 18K gold men’s ring. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-15. 296.3 grams total. Full but off-center cross with 4-digit date in legend, full shield facing inside the ring, slightly grainy AU, the ring itself rather large and ornate, showing mermaids on the sides in matte texture. From the 1715 Fleet and pedigreed to the US Treasury auction of 2003 (“Tampa sale”), with Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

39. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, balls at ends of cross (1709), from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-12. 6.7 grams. Crude flan but high grade (lustrous Mint State), with nice full shield, full but off-center and partially flat cross, some coral encrustation. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

41. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (171)2, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-15. 6.7 grams. Lustrous Mint State, good full shield and cross (the latter off-center, full and clear 2 of date. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000. 42. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.8 grams. Nice strike with choice full cross and shield, both very well defined but slightly off-center, Mint State with a hint of luster. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

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43. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.6 grams. Broad but crude flan with somewhat jagged edge (as made), slightly doubled full shield, partially flat full cross, lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 44. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.8 grams. Small and roundish flan with well-centered full shield and cross, the latter bold, very lustrous and of high Mint State grade. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 45. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.6 grams. Perfectly centered full cross, good but doubled shield on a small, thick flan with sharply cut edges, lustrous AU. From the 1715 Fleet, with hand-signed Mel Fisher certificate from 1972. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 46. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)720, no assayer (Arce). S-B24a; KM-17.2; CT-378. 6.8 grams. Choice full cross and shield with mintmark F to left, bottoms only of digits of date (the initial 1 not part of the design), UNC with light sediment in crevices, rough spots in edge. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

47. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer S (1720s). S-B25; KM-17.2. 6.7 grams. Very choice full shield and cross enhanced by dark sediment in crevices, mintmark F to left and assayer S to right, XF. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 48. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Philip V, assayer M (1730s). S-B26; KM-17.2. 6.7 grams. Lustrous and high grade (deeply struck UNC), small and roundish flan with clear assayer M, full cross, nearly full shield. Estimate: $1,250-$1,750.

49. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, assayer S (1720s). S-B25; KM-22. 3.3 grams. Gorgeous little cross, very full and with prominent circled dots in dimples of tressure, nearly full shield with bold assayer S to right, XF with dark, contrasting sediment in crevices. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Granada, Spain 50. Granada, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer R, scarce. CT-42; Cay-3139. 3.2 grams. Small-flan XF with typically well-detailed full shield, good full cross, mintmark G to left and assayer R to right, a nice contrast to the usual Seville-mint examples. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Segovia, Spain 51. Segovia, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer oP, rare. CT-50; Cay-3145. 3.4 grams. Choice, broad-flan UNC with great full cross, finely detailed full shield, mintmark aqueduct to left and assayer oP to right, markedly different style from the common Seville-mint pieces. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Seville, Spain

55. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic 52. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer * to D. CT-11; Cay-4143. 13.4 grams. Round and well-detailed XF with right, encapsulated National Numismatic Certification AU-55. CT-57; Cay-3146. Typically round and broad, with full legends and all inner details, curiously with outline of cross peeking through the shield, the grade closer to XF in our opinion. With Sedwick certificate from 2007. Estimate: $600-$900.

typically well-detailed full shield and cross, mintmark-assayer to left and denomination to right, slightly grainy fields (as made), hairline flan crack. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

53. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic D to left. CT-55; Cay-3148. 3.4 grams. Red-toned AU with typically choice, full inner details, some legend, mintmark S to right and assayer to left. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

56. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D with open right side, rare. CT-unl.; Cay-unl. (Type 77). 13.4 grams. Very bold full shield and cross due to reddish sediment in crevices, full and clear mintmark-assayer to left (the open-sided D known in smaller denominations but unlisted in the 4E) and denomination to right, choice XF. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction #130 of April 30-May 1, 2004, with original lot-tag #556. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

54. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D. CT-11; Cay-4143. 13.4 grams. Bold UNC with choice full shield and cross enhanced by reddish toning in crevices, full mintmarkassayer to left, much legend but part of edge crude (as made, for the most part, with some old scratches). Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction #127 of September 20, 2003, with original lot-tag #383. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

57. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II, assayer B, rare. CT-unl.; Cay-unl. 13.3 grams. Broad flan with choice full shield and

cross-and-tressure, bold denomination to right, clear mintmark above weak but certain assayer to left (unlisted, as all assayer-B issues listed in references have the date to the right of the shield, which this clearly does not), butter-yellow AU- with slightly crude peripheries. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction #130 of April 30-May 1, 2004, with original lot-tag #555. Estimate: $2,000$3,000. 58. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D. CT-60; Cay-4098. 6.8 grams. Broad, roundish flan with full inner details (the cross slightly doubled) and some legend (full king’s name), bold mintmark-assayer to left, AXF. Estimate: $800$1,200.

29


59. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D. CT-60; Cay-4098. 5.6 grams. Lightly clipped around edge but with typically sharp details in the full shield and cross, mintmark-assayer to left, lustrous AU- with small dark bits in crevices. Estimate: $800-$1,200. 60. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer not visible (pre-1588). 6.7 grams. Bold full shield, full cross and tressure, high grade (AU+) but with some peripheral crudeness (as made). Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction #130 of April 30-May 1, 2004, with original lot-tag #558. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 61. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, (159)5B. CT-79; Cay-4131. 6.8 grams. Clear final digit of date to right of shield (consignor felt it was 5/4, but we don’t see it), weak but certain assayer B to left, the shield and cross nearly full but weakly struck (maybe VF overall), part of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $600-$900.

62. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, assayer Gothic D, mounted in 14K pendant bezel. CT-110; Cay-4071. 8.8 grams total. Super-choice coin with all details full (even the legends) and very well detailed, AU for wear, mounted shield-side out. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 63. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip II, assayer Gothic D. CT-110; Cay-4071. 3.3 grams. Choice full shield and cross with elegant, fine details, mintmark to left and assayer to right, XF enhanced by dark sediment in crevices. Estimate: $900-$1,350. 64. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer B. CT-Type 19; Cay-Type 81. 6.8 grams. Good full cross, bold assayer to left of nearly full but crude shield, bold OMNIV(M) in legend, AVF with large flan crack. Estimate: $900-$1,350. 65. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1615V. CT-45; Cay-5000. 6.5 grams. Lustrous XF+ with full shield and cross, assayer to left and denomination to right, clear bottom half of date at about 10-11 o’clock. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

66. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1617D. CT-40; Cay-5003. 6.7 67. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, 1619, assayer not visible. CT-Type 22; Cay-Type 81. 6.7 grams. Full shield and cross-and-tressure

grams. Broad flan with good full shield, full cross and tressure, full date, bold denomination, curious natural flan-split, XF with sediment in crevices. Estimate: $600-$900.

enhanced by dark sediment on fields, bold (P)HILIPP(VS) in legend, some crown, clear date, AXF. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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68. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer V. CT-Type 21; Cay-Type 81. 6.7 grams. Nice, full and well-detailed shield with mintmark-assayer to left, full cross, flat peripheries but otherwise nice XF with sediment in crevices. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 69. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. Cay-Type 81. 6.6 grams. Full but messily double-struck shield and cross enhanced by dark sediment in crevices, technically no worse than XF. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 70. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III(?), assayer not visible. Cay-Type 81. 6.8 grams. Full cross, off-center shield, bold denomination, somewhat grainy and crude, and very slightly bent, but at least XF for wear. Estimate: $600-$900. 71. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer B. CT-Type 29; Cay-Type 77. 3.4 grams. Nearly full shield (off-center) and cross (partially flat), mintmark-assayer to left, XF. Estimate: $750-$900.

72. Seville, Spain, cob 8 escudos, Philip IV, assayer not 73. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, (16)25(?)D, rare.

CT-unl.

(Type 46); Cay-Type 120. 3.3 grams. Choice full shield with mintmark-

visible. CT-Type 15; Cay-Type 130. 26.9 grams. Bold, heavy features in nearly full shield and cross (the latter slightly off-center), somewhat crude in appearance but technically XF. With Somewhere in Time/Arthur J. Smith photo-certificate. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

assayer to left, excellent but off-center full cross, bottom tips of 25 of date (not 100% certain), AU details but with heavy scratches near edge at crown and to right of cross. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Toledo, Spain 74. Toledo, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer C, rare. CT-Type 23; Cay-Type 81. 6.8 grams. Very choice full shield and cross, mintmark-assayer to left and denomination to right, AU or better, very attractive and a pleasing departure from the common Seville issues. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

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31


World Gold Coins Bolivia (colonial) Busts

75. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1795PP.

76. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1802PP,

KM-81; CT-102. 26.9 grams. Nice

salvaged. KM-81; CT-109. 26.9 grams. Lightly struck XF with minor natural flan flaws in centers and lamination in field behind head, frosty matte finish from salvage. From an unidentified wreck in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

XF+ with minor laminations in flan on reverse, nice rims, some luster and toning. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Brazil

77. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, John V, 1719-B. KM-106. 10.8 grams. Lustrous, high Mint State grade with perfect details, just a hint of adjustment marks on the otherwise flawless rims. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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32


78. Brazil (Minas mint), 12800 reis (dobra), John V, 1730-M, rope-rim variety (corda). KM-139. 28.6 grams. The largest gold coin of colonial Brazil, seldom offered and very rare in such choice grade (Mint State with blazing luster), minor imperfections in the fields but essentially as made. Estimate: $9,000-$13,500.

79. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Joseph I, 1753-R, from the “Clive of India treasure” (ca. 1755).

KM-172.2. 14.4 grams.

Typical matte UNC with hint of luster, no problems. From the “Clive of India treasure” (ca. 1755), with Sedwick photo-certificate from 2006. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 80. Brazil (Bahia mint), 6400 reis, Joseph I, 1756-B. KM-172.1. 14.2 grams. Choice strike, bold AU, lustrous from light cleaning. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

81. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Joseph I, 1766-R. KM-172.2. 14.4 grams. Nice, natural AU+ with hint of luster. Estimate: $1,400-$2,100. 82. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Joseph I, 1776-R. KM-172.2. 14.3 grams. Bold and highly lustrous Mint State with minor marks on face, desirable as struck in the year of U.S. Independence. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 83. Brazil, 2000 reis, Maria I, 1787. KM-224. 4.0 grams. Lustrous AU, finely detailed and attractive. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

33


Chile (colonial) Busts

87. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust 84. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of of Charles IV), 1814FJ. KM-78; CT-122. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU Charles III), 1800DA. KM-54; CT-159. 26.9 grams. Cleaned VF+ with minor planchet flaws, no big problems, better assayer for date. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

with adjustment marks in center of reverse, natural flaw in rim. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

85. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of 88. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust Charles III), 1804FJ. KM-54; CT-166. 26.9 grams. Nicely toned AVF with minor surface marks and rim nicks. Estimate: $800$1,200.

of Charles IV), 1817/8FJ. KM-78; CT-unl. (cf. 126). 27.1 grams. Brilliantly lustrous Mint State, almost prooflike, with natural lamination flaw in king’s temple, part of rim crude, a gorgeous coin that is clearly better than MS-60 or 61. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

86. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1812FJ. KM-78; CT-118. 27.0 grams. XF with nice toning, minor flaw in field in front of face. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

89. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 escudos, Charles IV, 1808/7FJ. KM-62; CT-unl. (Type 36). 13.2 grams. Bold

strike, lustrous XF with weak bust, scratched in front of face, rim somewhat crude (as made), bold overdate (seems just as much 7/8 as 8/7), scarce type. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011). 34


90. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1758J, extremely rare. KM-11; CT-192. 6.7 grams. Slightly off-center XF with rich old toning and no problems. The two rarest type-coins of colonial Chile (gold OR silver) are the 2E and 1E minted between 1754 and 1756. The present 2E 1758 was among only 443 struck, of which only 3 are known to still exist: (1) The Emilio Hagnauer specimen, a bent and holed Good, which went through the hands of Rafael González (and plated in his 1908 book Colección de Monedas de Chile), Honorio Aguirre (1961) and the Norweb family (sold in the Spink America sale of March 34, 1997), also the KM plate coin; (2) The Medina plate coin (in his 1919 books Manual Illustrado de Numismática Chilena: La Colonia and Las Monedas Coloniales Hispanoamericanas), now permanently ensconced in the collection of the Banco de Chile; and (3) The Segarra specimen, offered in the Superior auction of December 1-2, 1990 (lot #38, estimated then at $35,000-up) and now available here. In effect this is the only collectible specimen, as #1 is low quality and #2 is off the market. For more information, see Carlos Jara’s Las Primeras Acuñaciones de la Casa de Moneda de Santiago de Chile (2007), pp. 102-3. Estimate: $20,000-$25,000.

Chile (Republic) 91. Santiago, Chile, 8 escudos, 1834IJ, encapsulated NGC XF-40. KM-84. No problems, colorful old toning. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Colombia (colonial) Busts

92. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV

93. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1793JF.

transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1791JJ. KM53.1; CT-119. 26.9 grams. AVF, somewhat crudely worn and marked, with bulge in metal in front of face. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

KM-62.2; CT-71. 27.0 grams. AU details, lustrous AU, lightly cleaned, with old scratch in front of face, natural flaw in bust, and minor weak spots in shield. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

35


94. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1794JJ.

98. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1801JF.

VF with lots of minor marks.

KM-62.2; CT-80. 26.9 grams. Cleaned XF with bold but dented rims,

KM-62.1; CT-124. 26.9 grams.

Estimate: $900-$1,350.

faint adjustment marks. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

95. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1796JJ. KM-62.1; CT-126. 26.7 grams. Lustrous but cleaned, AXF, less round

99. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1802JF.

than usual. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

KM-62.2; CT-81. 26.8 grams. XF with weak centers, lustrous and nicely toned around the rims, which are slightly crude, with adjustment marks on shield. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

96. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1798JF. KM-62.2; CT-77. 27.0 grams. Bold XF+ with large scratch near rim

100. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1803JJ.

on reverse, cleaned. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

VF with weak centers, toned and lustrous near rims, dark sediment in some crevices that could be pitch if the coin is from Art McKee’s famous “Pitch Barrel wreck” find (no certificate). Estimate: $800-$1,200. KM-62.1; CT-137. 26.6 grams.

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97. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1800JJ. KM-62.1; CT-131. 27.1 grams. Well-struck and nicely toned AU with

slightly crude rims and edge. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

36


101. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

104. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII

1803JF, salvaged. KM-62.2; CT-82. 26.9 grams. Nice AU with muted luster, a few scratches and rim-dents but nothing serious. From an unidentified wreck in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

transitional (bust of Charles IV), 1810JF. KM-66.2; CT-67. 26.8 grams. Toned and lustrous VF with natural flaw in rim and void in shield. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

105. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1815/4JF. KM-66.1; CT-unl. (Type 24). 26.9 grams. Cleaned XF, toned and lustrous, with slightly crude head and rims due to natural flaws. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

102. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1805JJ. KM-62.1; CT-141. 27.0 grams. Cleaned XF with minor marks and rim-dents, lustrous and toned near rims. Estimate: $900$1,350.

106. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII

103. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1806JJ.

(bust of Charles IV), 1818FM. KM-66.2; CT-81. 26.8 grams. Beautifully toned XF with bold rims, no problems. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

KM-62.1; CT-142. 26.8 grams. Nicely struck VF with several minor,

natural flaws. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

107. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1819JF. KM-66.1; CT-110. 27.0 grams. VF with weak areas near centers, no problems, good rims. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of June 5, 1999, with lot-tag #175. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

37


108. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1814JF. KM64.1; CT-332. 3.3 grams. Problem-free

VF. Estimate: $150-$225.

Colombia (Republic) 109. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1823FM. KM-82.2. 26.8 grams. Nice VF with muted luster and attractive rainbow toning in places. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Cuba

110. Cuba (struck in Philadelphia), proof 1 peso, 1915, encapsulated PCGS PR-64CAM. KM-16. Featuring the bust of José Martí, and one of only 140 pieces made in Proof, issued at par with the US dollar and in fact designed by US Mint Chief Engraver Charles Barber (whose name is well known for US coins), this specimen is a lovely, rich, auburn color with no flaws visible to the naked eye. It is interesting to note that these 1-peso coins were often used in wedding ceremonies as symbolic dowries. Estimate: $3,000-$4,000.

111. Cuba (struck in Philadelphia), 1 peso, 1915, encapsulated NGC MS-66, ex: Brand collection. KM-16. A top-grade non-Proof specimen (still low mintage, but in much greater quantity than the Proof), issued at par with the US dollar and in fact designed by US Mint Chief Engraver Charles Barber (whose name is well known for US coins), beautifully red-toned with a hint of blue near the rim, virtually flawless and with a well-known pedigree. Pedigreed to the Brand collection, as noted in the slab. Estimate: $600-$900. 38


France

112. France (Paris mint), 20 francs, Napoleon, An-12 (1804)-A. KM-651. 6.3 grams. VF with hint of luster and tiny bits of black sediment in some letters. Estimate: $250-$375. 113. France (Paris mint), 20 francs, Napoleon, 1811-A. KM-695.1. 6.4 grams. Bold AXF, slightly lustrous and toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

Great Britain

116. London, England, sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1853, W.W. in relief, from the Douro (1882). Sp-3852C; KM736.1. 8.0 grams. Problem-free AU, nice strike, subtly lustrous. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $350-$500. 117. London, England, sovereign, George V, 1911. Sp-3996; KM-820. 8.0 grams. Brilliantly lustrous Mint State, a few minor bagmarks but otherwise perfect. Estimate: $300-$450.

114. London, England, unite, James I (4th bust), mintmark rose (1605-6). Sp-2619; KM-46. 8.3 grams. VF with bold features enhanced by dark sediment in crevices, very slightly wavy (it’s thin, after all), and oddly plugged in the field in front of the face (not where you would expect it to be holed for jewelry, so possibly a regulatory thing). Estimate: $500-$750.

118. London, England, sovereign, George V, 1913. Sp-3996; High Mint State grade, lustrous and perfect except for microscopic bagmarks in fields. Estimate: $300$450. 119. London, England, 1/2 sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1859. Sp-3859A; KM-735.1. 3.9 grams. Lustrous AXF with no problems except for a natural bulge in the metal behind the neck. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-820. 8.0 grams.

115. London, England, laurel (20 shillings), James I (4th bust), mintmark lis (1623-4). Sp-2638C; KM-75. 8.9 grams. Choice XF, lovely strike, bold full legends, no problems. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 9, 1991, with lot-tag #76. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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120. London, England, 1/2 sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1860. Sp-3859A; Highly lustrous UNC with maybe a few too many hairlines to make MS. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-735.1. 4.0 grams.

Italian States (Venice) 121. Venice, Italy, zecchino, Ludovico Manin (1789-97). KM-140. 3.2 grams. AXF with hint of luster, contrasting sediment around details. Estimate: $450-$675.

Mexico (colonial) Busts

124. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

122. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles III,

1792FM. KM-159; CT-40. 26.9 grams. Nice VF+ with a few minor weak spots, contrasting toning around details, no problems. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1783FF, ex: Eliasberg collection. KM-156.2; CT-103. 26.9 grams. Beautifully lustrous AU with hint of toning, well-struck and problem-free except for minor surface hairlines (in fact, we surmise that NGC would say “AU details, surface hairlines” now, whereas in Eliasberg they put “EF-45”), a very attractive coin in any, somewhat scarcer than its South American counterparts. Pedigreed to the Eliasberg collection (lot 3164). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

125. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1793FM. KM-159; CT-42. 27.1 grams. XF with weak centers, hint of luster and toning, no problems. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

123. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1789FM. KM157; CT-36. 26.9 grams. Lustrous XF+, finely hairlined but no problems, toned around details, slightly weak centers. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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126. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

129. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

1796FM. KM-159; CT-46. 26.9 grams. Lustrous XF with weak centers, no problems, very lightly cleaned. Estimate: $1,100$1,850.

1802FT. KM-159; CT-56. 26.8 grams. Cleaned AXF with weak centers, evidence of old mounting on edge at top. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

127. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1797FM. KM-159; CT-47. 26.9 grams. Beautifully toned XF+, nicely struck and lustrous, just a few hairlines and scratch in field in front of neck. Estimate: $1,350-$2,100.

130. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1807TH. KM-159; CT-63. 27.0 grams. Good VF with toning around details, old scratch in front of face but no problems otherwise. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

131. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII 128. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

(“armored� bust), 1808TH. KM-160; CT-43. 27.0 grams. Lustrous AXF with weak centers, lightly cleaned but starting to tone nicely. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

1800FM. KM-159; CT-52. 26.8 grams. Nicely toned XF with weak bust, otherwise nicely struck and no problems. Estimate: $1,100-$1,850.

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132. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (“armored� bust), 1809HJ. KM-160; CT-44. 27.0 grams. Lightly cleaned XF with weak centers, natural flaw in cheek, attractively lustrous. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

133. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1818JJ. KM-161; CT-59. 26.8 grams. Richly toned XF/AU, the reverse very lustrous but the obverse lightly cleaned, weak spot on edge. Estimate: $1,100-$1,850.

134. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1788FM, inward-facing initials. KM-118.2a; CT-unl. (Type 7). 3.3 grams. Lustrous AU+, no problems, very attractive. Estimate: $250-$375.

135. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1802FT, encapsulated NGC AU-53. KM-120; CT-514. Beautiful bold strike, lustrous, with hint of toning, small bits of sediment in crevices. Estimate: $225-$350. 136. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VII, 1814JJ. KM-112; CT-361. 1.6 grams. Problem-free AXF with weak centers, contrasting sediment around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

Mexico (Republic)

137. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 escudo, 1825JM, in promotional folio. KM-378.5. 1.7 grams. Nice VF with bold legends, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150. 138. Mexico City, Mexico, 10 pesos, 1917. KM-473. 8.4 grams. Bagmarked AU, lustrous and problem-free. Estimate: $250-$375. 139. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, 5 pesos, 1906 and 1918. KM-464. 8.3 grams total. The 1906 is BU but with grainy surfaces, and the 1918 is a slightly bagmarked AU, both lustrous and devoid of any big problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Netherlands (United)

140. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ducat, 1729, from the Vliegenthart (1735), in promotional capsule. KM-7.1. Choice AU+ with bold and full details (uncommon for this mint), the knight’s head full but flat, in an attractive display. From the Vliegenthart (1735), encased in a Capital Plastic holder imprinted with THE SUNKEN TREASURE FROM THE VLIEGENTHART. Estimate: $550-$750. 141. Westfriesland, United Netherlands, ducat, 1729, from the Vliegenthart (1735), in promotional capsule. KM-93.2. Lustrous Mint State as usual but with lots of small marks in fields, much more evenly struck than the norm for this mint, nice display. From the Vliegenthart (1735), encased in a Capital Plastic holder imprinted with THE SUNKEN TREASURE FROM THE VLIEGENTHART. Estimate: $650-$850.

Peru (colonial) Busts

144. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1816JP. 142. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1778MJ, salvaged. KM-82.1; CT-34. 26.7 grams. Lustrous XF/AU with several natural lamination flaws on obverse. From an unidentified wreck in the Mozambique Channel, east of Africa. Estimate: $1,250$2,000.

Lustrous (lightly cleaned) XF with weak spot above centers, natural laminations near bottom where there is also a rim-dent, off-center strike, much nicer than it sounds. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of June 1, 1996, with lot-tag #113. Estimate: $900-$1,350. KM-129.1; CT-22. 27.0 grams.

143. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1806JP. KM-

145. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1818JP.

101; CT-27. 26.9 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned) XF with scratches

KM-129.1; CT-24. 27.0 grams.

Blazingly lustrous (lightly cleaned) AU with traces of red toning, minor natural flaw in rim to right of date. Estimate: $1,100-$1,850.

in front of breast and natural laminations on reverse, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

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146. Lima, Peru, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII, 1816/5JP. KM-unl. (cf. 126); CT-unl. (Type 69). 3.3 grams. Bold

VF/XF with scratches on bust, minor rim flaws, scarce type, unlisted overdate. Estimate: $350-$500.

Portugal 147. Lisbon, Portugal, 1000 reis, John V, 1716. KM-182. 2.3 grams. Bold XF with old scratch in bottom of shield, curious die-clashing at date. Estimate: $500-$750.

Spain 148. Seville, Spain, 1 excelente, Ferdinand-Isabel (1474-1504), Gothic legends, 3 dots at top, large dot at bottom between busts, rare. CT-134. 3.6 grams. Bold XF with full details, especially prominent legends with Gothic lettering, lightly toned, no problems. Estimate: $2,800-$3,500.

Busts

149. Madrid, Spain, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1788M. KM-417.1a; CT-459. 6.8 grams. Lustrous AU, no problems, a few too many hairlines in the obverse field to slab MS. Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #6, with original lot-tag #132. Estimate: $250-$375. 150. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1789MF. KM-434; CT-488. 3.4 grams. AU with muted luster and very light toning, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375. 151. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1793MF. KM-434; CT-492. 3.4 grams. Problem-free AXF with contrasting sediment in crevices. Estimate: $200-$300. 152. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1797MF. KM-434; CT-496. 3.3 grams. VF+ with weak bust, nice toning, sediment in crevices, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

153. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1807FA. KM-434; CT-501. 3.3 grams. Bold AXF, no problems. Estimate: $200$300. 154. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Philip V, 1743PJ. KM-361.2; CT-584. 1.9 grams. Lustrous, well-struck XF+, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375. 155. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1756JB. KM-378; CT-253. 1.7 grams. Nice AXF with contrasting sediment around details, no problems and well struck. Estimate: $200-$300.

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156. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1776PJ.

KM-415.1; CT-770. 1.8 grams. Nicely toned AXF, no problems, popular date for US collectors. Estimate: $250-$375. 157. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1776PJ. KM-415.1; CT-770. 1.7 grams. VF, decent strike, no problems, popular date for US collectors. Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #6, with original lot-tag #135, and with NumisTreasure photo-certificate from 2008. Estimate: $175-$250. 158. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1786DV, ex: Eliasberg, encapsulated NGC AU-55. KM-425.1; CT-778. Hint of luster and toning, nice little coin with desirable pedigree. From the Eliasberg collection, with provenance stated inside slab. Estimate: $350-$500. 159. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1788M. KM-425.1; CT-781. 1.7 grams. Problem-free AU with muted luster. Estimate: $200-$300.

Untangling the Mystery of the “Seawater Uncs” (Ashley-Gordy Gold) by John M. Kleeberg (abridged and edited by Daniel Frank Sedwick) Since at least the 1960s, numismatists have been aware of the importance of shipwrecks as “time capsules” that can tell us what coins were in circulation on the date each ship sank. At first this only applied to Spanish coins, since the early recoveries were from sunken Spanish treasure fleets of 1622, 1715, and 1733. But the past two decades have seen the recovery of the Central America (1857), the Brother Jonathan (1865), the Republic (1865) and the New York (1846), supplying evidence that is important for the study of nineteenth-century United States coinage as well. This article discusses another group of shipwreck U.S. coins whose shipwreck provenance was uncertain when the coins hit the market in the early 1970s. Since the 1970s, texts on U.S. gold coins from Southern branch mints (New Orleans [O], Charlotte [C] and Dahlonega [D]) have included a mysterious group simply called “seawater uncs” or “saltwater uncs.” Walter Breen described these “seawater uncs” in the section on half eagles in his 1988 Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Coins: Many survivors from Southern branch mints (notably 1843-O, 1853-55 C, 1852-55-D) show full mint sharpness but dull matte surfaces; these are known as “seawater uncs.” They were retrieved from a wrecked ship, said to be a Confederate transport, sometime before 1974. Details have not yet become available, but the hoard also included double eagles and probably other denominations. Breen then used the expression “seawater uncs” to refer to 1854-S double eagles that came from the Yankee Blade, thus giving the mistaken impression that Yankee Blade was the name of the Confederate transport. Q. David Bowers began to straighten out this tangled tale in his 1997 book, American Coin Treasures and Hoards. He pointed out that the etching on the 1854-S double eagles was lighter than that seen on the Southern branch-mint coins. Bowers proposed that three shipwrecks were involved: one with the 1854-S double eagles, one with the coins from the Southern branch mints, and a third with double eagles dated 1855-S and 1856-S. Although Yankee Blade would make a good (albeit somewhat counter-intuitive) name for a Confederate transport, that ship had nothing to do with the Confederacy. The Yankee Blade was a notorious shipwreck, because after it rammed a hidden reef off Point Arguello, California, on October 1, 1854, the crew and the steerage passengers plundered the ship of its money and alcohol. Breen cited two appearances of 1854-S coins from the wreck, both in the Superior section of the 1982 Apostrophe Auction, one encrusted and clearly from the sea. Both lots supposedly came from a find by divers off Anacapa Island near the Santa Barbara coast. However, this location is probably incorrect, due to a conflation of the Yankee Blade wreck with the Winfield Scott, which sank off Anacapa Island on December 2, 1853. The real origin had to be the Yankee Blade of 1854, but that wreck could not explain the coins from Southern branch mints with heavy etching, nor the 1855 and 1856 coins. Joining U.S. coin research with treasure-hunting research provided the answers. The 1972 edition of John S. Potter, Jr.’s Treasure Divers Guide mentioned a discovery of gold coins in March 1963 by Albert Ashley and James Gordy of Fort Pierce, Florida. The coins bore the denominations $1, $2.50, $5, $10, $20, and were dated between 1834 and 1856. The story was fleshed out by several references: a May 12, 1968 article by Don Wharton entitled, “What Actually Happened in Those Florida

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Treasure Hunts” in Empire Magazine (Sunday color supplement of the Denver Post), and partially reprinted in Reader’s Digest, June 1968; an article by the State of Florida archeologist, Carl Clausen, in the July 1968 Florida Historical Quarterly entitled, “The Fort Pierce American Gold Find”; and a discussion of silver coins in Alan Craig’s 2000 book, Spanish Colonial Silver Coins in the Florida Collection. The Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research and the Florida Master Site File also provided further information. Here is a summary: During the Third Seminole War, army paymaster Major Jeremiah Yellot Dashiell was traveling to Fort Capron on the Indian River on the east coast of Florida with a leather pouch containing $23,000 in gold that had been withdrawn from the subtreasury in Charleston, South Carolina. On May 1, 1857, Dashiell’s schooner transport had to anchor outside the Indian River Inlet because sandbars made it too hazardous for the ship to pass through the inlet. Dashiell boarded a small boat for the trip to the fort, but a freak wave swamped the boat. Although the passengers were saved, the leather pouch sank to the bottom of the inlet and was swallowed by “quicksand” (an important point, as we shall see), and could not be recovered. Major Dashiell applied to Congress for relief from responsibility for the loss, which was granted, but a few weeks later in 1857 he suffered a mysterious theft of $13,000 in gold while staying overnight at a hotel in Palatka, Florida. The Federal government concluded that Major Dashiell was either extremely unlucky or extremely crooked, and dismissed him from service on July 10, 1858. Later, during the Civil War, Dashiell held the rank of colonel while he served the State of Texas as adjutant-general and inspector-general. After the war he lived in San Antonio and edited the Herald. His application in 1888 for a pension from the Federal government on the basis of service in the Mexican War was refused because of the circumstances of his discharge from the army in 1858. In March 1963, while fishing for crawfish, Albert N. Ashley and teenager James R. Gordy found Dashiell’s coins in the Atlantic Ocean. On July 2, 1964, James Gordy’s father, Ken F. Gordy, obtained a lease from the State of Florida to salvage the coins under the standard terms of three quarters to the finders with the remaining quarter to the State. In September 1964 the salvagers and the State divided the 582 gold coins reported to have been found. What the finders did not tell the State was that they had actually recovered more than 2,700 gold coins in 1963, many of which they secretly sold. By 1967 Ashley and the Gordys had fallen out among themselves and sued each other. Then the true story emerged, whereupon Ashley and the Gordys were sued by the State of Florida in 1968. They had complicated the matter by borrowing heavily from the St. Lucie County Bank (which later merged into SunTrust), using the coins as collateral for the loan. When the trouble began in 1967, the St. Lucie County Bank locked up the coins in escrow (while still accruing interest). On April 17, 1972, the litigants concluded a stipulation under which the coins would be sold to satisfy the indebtedness to the St. Lucie County Bank. Then the remaining coins would be split, with 55% of the appraised value going to the State of Florida, and 45% of the appraised value to the finders, Albert N. Ashley and James R. Gordy, to split evenly between themselves. Ken F. Gordy was to receive no coins. As of June 6, 1972, the indebtedness to the St. Lucie County Bank amounted to $11,408.28. The litigants wanted to sell as few coins as possible to satisfy the debt, so they chose to sell the more-valuable double eagles. A Mr. Ronald Sibley of Kissimmee, Florida, offered to pay $90 for each double eagle, but the litigants did not accept this offer. Instead they sold 114 double eagles to World-Wide Coin Investments Ltd. in Atlanta, Georgia, at the price of $101 per coin. (A further round of litigation by the State of Florida was dismissed in 1973.) As Q. David Bowers points out in his book, hundreds of “seawater unc” $20 gold coins suddenly came onto the market in the 1970s, some 1854-S from the Yankee Blade but also some 1855-S and 1856-S that could not have come from that ship. Bowers himself acquired a few dozen of the 1855-S and 1856-S double eagles from World-Wide Coin Investments Ltd. and offered the final group of eighteen 1856-S double eagles in a 1973 Coin World advertisement touting “a rather remarkable purchase…from a sunken treasure ship off the coast of Florida.” Nobody made the connection to the Ashley-Gordy find and the sale of the coins to settle the bank debt just the year prior. Because of the litigation, we know the total face value of the gold coins found by Ashley and Gordy came to $23,010.50, nearly exactly corresponding to the $23,000 that Dashiell claimed to have lost, which suggests that Ashley and Gordy recovered the entire cache. Their find comprised the following gold coins: $1 (508), $2.50 (787), $5 (929), $10 (490), and $20 (550); as well as the following silver coins: 5¢ (28), 25¢ (83), 50¢ (26). While we do not know the date and mint for every denomination, the

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number of each date is known for the $1 pieces from Philadelphia: 1849 (5), 1850 (6), 1851 (25), 1852 (20), 1853 (72), 1854 (15), 1855 (5), 1856 (7); in addition to four $1 pieces from New Orleans dated from 1849-O to 1855-O. Another precise list we have is the 195 coins remaining from the find as of June 30, 1972, to be divided among the State of Florida, Albert N. Ashley, and James R. Gordy, consisting of these combinations: $1 (2): 1850-O; 1855 $2.50 (7): 1843-O; 1851-O; 1852-C; 1854 (2); 1855; 1856 $5 (21): 1834; 1838 (2); 1841 (2); 1843-C; 1844-O; 1846 (2); 1846-D (2); 1850-C (2); 1850-D; 1853-D; 1854-C (2); 1855D (2); 1856-C; 1856-D $10 (7): 1839; 1845; 1847 (2); 1849 (2); 1850 $20 (158): 1850 (7); 1850-O (6); 1851 (10); 1851-O (4); 1852 (17); 1852-O (3); 1853 (23); 1853-O (5); 1854 (15); 1854-S (3); 1855 (26); 1855-S (7); 1856 (11); 1856-S (20); 1857-S Beyond those figures, we must rely on tabulations of “seawater uncs” in the published works by Walter Breen, Douglas Winter (Gold Coins of the Dahlonega Mint, 1838-1861, 1997, and Gold Coins of the Charlotte Mint, 1836-1861, 1998), and David W. Akers (United States Gold Coins: An Analysis of Auction Records, 1975-1982), as well as the Bowers & Merena 1999-2000 auctions of the Harry Bass Collection, summarized as follows: $2.50: 1846-C; 1846-D; 1846-O; 1856-C $5: 1834; 1835; 1836; 1840-D; 1840-O; 1842; 1843-C; 1843-O; 1844-O; 1845; 1846; 1846-C; 1846-D; 1847-C; 1848-C; 1848-D; 1850-C; 1852-C: 1852-D; 1853-D; 1854-D; 1855-C; 1855-D; 1856-C; 1856-D; 1856-S $10: 1842, small date; 1842-O; 1843; 1844-O; 1845-O; 1846/5-O; 1847; 1847-O; 1848 $20: 1855-S; 1856; 1856-S Note, however, that “seawater uncs” are only mentioned by Akers and Winter if the date and mintmark combination does not occur in high grade; for common dates, “seawater uncs” rank too low to be listed in condition censuses. Thus the above analysis probably omits many common date and mintmark combinations. One final point is how the Ashley-Gordy coins acquired the dull matte surfaces that Bowers recognized as being more etched than the Yankee Blade coins. Recall that Dashiell said he could not retrieve the leather pouch from the inlet bottom because it sank below the “quicksand.” As leather generally does not survive in salt water, it can be assumed that the coins eventually lost their confinement and were abraded by the loose sand, an effect seen on some Spanish shipwreck gold coins as well and often referred to as “sandwashing.” It is the combination of this abrasion with the dates up through 1856 and the Southern branch mintmarks that make the Dashiell gold recognizable today.

For further reading see John M. Kleeberg’s book, Numismatic Finds of the Americas: An Inventory of American Coin Hoards, Shipwrecks, Single Finds, and Finds in Excavations (New York: American Numismatic Society, 2009).

United States of America

160. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle,

161. USA (Philadelphia mint), coronet $20 double eagle,

1855-S, encapsulated PCGS Genuine, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. A few minor marks and slightly grainy all over (as expected), but with hint of red toning and muted luster. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500$3,750.

1856, encapsulated ICG MS-60 Details / Sea Salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. Slightly grainy surfaces as usual but no circulation wear, hint of luster. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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162. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle, 165. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle,

1856-S, encapsulated SEGS MS-62 Sea Salvage, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. Very minor rim-nicks and slightly grainy surfaces as usual, but no circulation wear. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), and pedigreed to the H. Bass collection, as noted in the slab, with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1856-S, encapsulated ICG MS-60 Details / Sea Salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. A few bagmarks and overall graininess as expected, but no circulation wear and with muted luster. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

166. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle,

163. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle, 1856-S, encapsulated ICG MS-60 Details / Sea Salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. Perfect specimen except for the overall graininess, which it to be expected, with a hint of luster as well. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1856-S, encapsulated NGC UNC details / sea salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. More lustrous and slightly less grainy than most, but with more bagmarks. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “GordyAshley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

167. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle, 1856-S, encapsulated NGC UNC details / sea salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. Very slightly grainy as usual, faint stain after the denomination, some luster but no wear. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “GordyAshley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

164. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle, 1856-S, encapsulated ICG MS-60 Details / Sea Salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. Slightly grainy and with muted luster as usual, no circulation wear but tiny nicks in neck. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500$3,750.

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171. USA (Philadelphia mint), coronet $10 eagle, 1881. KM102. 16.7 grams. Toned

AXF with marks in fields and deep (old) scratches on cheek. Estimate: $500-$750.

168. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle, 1856-S, encapsulated NGC UNC details / sea salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. A few light marks and slightly grainy as usual, with muted luster. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

172. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 quarter eagle, 1845. KM-72. 4.0 grams. Decent XF with punchmark in center of

reverse

and traces of epoxy in crevices. Estimate: $150-$225. 173. USA (Philadelphia mint), $2-1/2 quarter eagle, 1851. KM-72. 4.2 grams. Nice XF+ with deep punchmark in center of reverse. Estimate: $150-$225.

169. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle, 1856-S, encapsulated NGC UNC details / sea salvaged, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. More lustrous and slightly less grainy than most, but with more bagmarks. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “GordyAshley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

174. USA (Philadelphia mint), $25 Liberty, 1987. 17.0 grams. Problem-free BU. Estimate: $500-$750.

West Indies

170. USA (San Francisco mint), coronet $20 double eagle, 1856-S, encapsulated NGC AU details / environmental damage, from the “Fort Capron treasure” (1857). KM-74.1. Slightly grainy as usual, with hint of circulation wear below ear but otherwise just like the rest from this origin. From the “Fort Capron treasure” of 1857 (AKA “Gordy-Ashley gold”), with photocopy of articles. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

175. West Indies, 6400 reis “Joe,” 1774-R (Rio, Brazil, Joseph I), with edge lightly clipped and new reeded edge applied. 12.5 grams. Lustrous and problem-free AU, a nice specimen of a curious type generally accepted as a circulating coinage of the West Indies trade, sometimes found with a testing plug in center (not the case here). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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ORDER OF SALE

The Dr. Frank Sedwick Collection of Colombian Republic Gold Coins Treasure and World Coin Auction #9 Session II: Tuesday, April 26, 2011, 5:00 pm EDT

LIVE on the Internet

Section

Lots

Pages

Biography........................................................................... 52 Introduction ....................................................................... 53-57 Republic of Colombia, 1822-1838 ........................ 201-256 .. 59-68 Republic of New Granada, 1837-1858 ................. 257-321 .. 70-81 Granadine Confederation, 1858-1862 ................... 322-331 .. 82-84 United States of Colombia, 1862-1886 ................. 332-388 .. 85-100 Modern Republic of Colombia (1900s)............... 389-423 .. 101-104 Proof sets (NCLT), 1968-present ........................ 424-431 .. 105-108

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Frank Sedwick, Ph.D. (1924-1996) Dr. Frank Sedwick is best remembered as an educator, both in his first career as a college professor of Spanish and Italian and in his second career as a dealer in treasure coins, but especially in his lifelong passion of writing. He was a pioneer in the art of selling coins by educating collectors, something most dealers of his time (and some still today) considered tantamount to giving away a proprietary asset. Even a concept so simple as showing prices on tags was revolutionary: When an old sign he had made for his booths at coin shows advertising FIXED PRICES turned up years later, he resignedly admitted he had been “out to change the world.” Fortunately his forthrightness endured. Frank’s numismatic life actually had a typical start. He began collecting US coins as a kid, then shelved collecting for a while to grow up, get married, pursue a career, have children. Then the latent collecting bug returned with a focused passion along with the wherewithal to make something of it. It was sometime during his years as Director of Overseas Programs at Rollins College in the 1970s that Frank began collecting post-colonial gold coins of Colombia, a country he visited often with students. In the process of assembling a highly respected collection of these coins, he got to know the community of Latin American coin dealers, both in the US and in South America, a tight-knit fraternity that did not accept new members easily when Frank decided to join their ranks full time after tiring of about 35 years of academe. Again, Frank brought to the field of Latin American numismatics a freshly pedagogical perspective, but it was his literary contribution that had the greatest impact. Throughout the early 1980s he wrote many articles for various numismatic publications while he channeled his expertise into an arcane area that would soon attract a major public following: Spanish colonial “cob” coins from shipwrecks. In 1987, just two years after Mel Fisher announced the discovery of the 1622 Atocha “mother lode,” Frank published his landmark guide The Practical Book of Cobs, an award-winning book that has sold tens of thousands of copies in four editions. Frank also continued to add to his nearly complete Colombian gold collection, and in 1991 he published The Gold Coinage of Gran Colombia, another accurate and very practical guide for a difficult area of numismatics. To most of the newly numismatically-involved treasure people, however, Frank was stubbornly old-fashioned. Divers and investors frequently brought him fresh finds from shipwrecks with the confidence that his offers were always fair and his checks were always good, but they winced at his unwillingness to try promotion, investment, innovation and technology to push the values of what they felt were rare commodities. At coin shows, when someone brought him an item and asked for an offer, Frank would often temper his offer with the warning that if the seller walked away to get more offers from other dealers, the deal was off and Frank would not buy the item simply on principle. As a champion for fair prices, several times Frank became an adversary against the treasure industry by testifying for the IRS against inflated tax deductions based on “glamour market” prices, and for the SEC against an exaggerated appraisal for a publicly-traded salvage firm’s assets. In seminars he often expressed disdain for treasure salvagers’ general lack of numismatic expertise, something he considered particularly inexcusable when all they had to do was read his book. When it came down to it, Frank was always, well, frank. He spoke his mind, efficiently and calmly, and he did not really care whether you liked what he said or not. Even if he was not your favorite person, you had to respect him for his ethical principles and his fairness and wisdom. And to those who were willing to listen and learn, with nothing expected in return, Frank generously offered the powerful gift of knowledge.

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The Dr. Frank Sedwick Collection of Colombian Republic Gold Coins This sale of the Frank Sedwick collection is a milestone in Colombian numismatics for a number of reasons. Above all, it is the first-ever offering of a collection of EXCLUSIVELY Colombian Republic gold coins. Frank’s research notes during his collecting and writing reveal that all previous sales of significant Colombian Republic gold coins were small parts of general Latin American gold-coin collections, sometimes from even larger world-gold agglomerations. The big collections that have offered important Colombian Republic gold coins after Frank’s time, like Norweb (Spink America, March 3-4, 1997), Eliasberg (American Numismatic Rarities, April 18-19, 2005) and Millennia (Ira & Larry Goldberg, May 24-28, 2008), were equally broad and diffuse, if not more so. Most likely this is due to the fact that the field of Colombian numismatics is complicated, fraught with ever-changing denominations and design schemes, but with enough recognized rarities to keep the wealthy “trophy collectors” happy. One wonders how much the big collectors who happened to have the Colombian gold trophies really knew about their coins. Frank, on the other hand, was part of a unique generation of true Colombian scholars, collectors and dealers who brought the field of Colombian numismatics to unprecedented levels of understanding and exposure. Foremost on the academic side are Dr. Jorge Restrepo and Dr. Frank Sedwick, both of whom published numerous articles and books on the subject. On the collector side (concentrating only on Colombian Republic gold) are other big names like Lía Meissner (whose collection is still intact), Alberto Lozano (whose collection was stolen and presumably melted) and again Frank Sedwick. And then on the dealer/ auctioneer side, at least since the 1970s, are Don Canaparo; Lou Collins; Freeman Craig; Morris Geiger; Louis Hudson; Manfra, Tordella & Brookes; Roberto Muhlenkamp; Art Smith; Steinberg’s; Almanzar; Bowers & Ruddy; Christensen; Ponterio; Schulman; Sotheby’s; Spink; Superior; Stack’s; and a host of others—all of whom you will see in the pedigrees listed in the lots—including (again) Frank Sedwick, who dealt informally in the 1970s and full time until his death in 1996. With his pulse on all three sides of the business, Frank was uniquely positioned to assemble a world-class collection in a short time—less than two decades, in fact—and on little more than a professor’s salary. Frank would have been the first to tell you that his collection was far from complete, even if he believed that such a goal was possible, as previously unknown rarities and varieties kept surfacing (and continue to do so today). But he knew that several of the obscure pieces he picked up along the way were incredibly rare and worth much more than he paid. Like any self-respecting collector, he filled holes as opportunities arose, almost always with the highest-grade specimens possible. And he did it with extreme discipline: If something he needed was not the right price, too heavily contested, or too low grade, he went without. Instead, he kept meticulous notes. His revisions to the reference guides of the 1970s were nothing short of revolutionary, starting with his landmark article “Colombia and Its Gold Coinage” in the January, 1982, The Numismatist magazine and culminating with his 1991 book The Gold Coinage of Gran Colombia. While Frank’s book was no bestseller, surely it achieved his goal of making the complicated Colombian series far less arcane and much more appealing to future specialists. After all, it is these dedicated specialists, and not the trophy hunters, who advance our knowledge of numismatic history.

With little room for improvement, we present on the next three pages excerpts from the Foreword, Historical Background, and A Brief Commentary on the Coinage sections of Frank’s The Gold Coinage of Gran Colombia (1991).

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FOREWORD

catalog of rare coins of low grade, ninety percent of whose content was Spanish American coins, offered in Switzerland with minimum publicity in the New World, by an auction house whose main fame rests in realms of collectibles other than coins. Without seeing the catalog, the dealer or collector may not have realized the importance of the auction. Even with catalog in hand, only the specialist might have had the perception to place bids, sight unseen, so intolerant have most numismatists (at least in the U.S.A.) become of coins in less than top grade. So what happened? High prices for the rarities, despite their low grade. One could imagine the consignor of the Sotheby material to be the caretaker of a cabinet of very rare coins removed from circulation by a self-taught old-time collector, generations ago, before the days of proliferating auctions and the preoccupations with hair-splitting grades. A number of the Colombian dates in this collection were not even known to exist, and others had never been offered at auction, while not one coin in the list was in a grade higher than Very Fine, the predominant grade being only Fine! We admire that pure collector, with an instinct for rarity and a disdain of grade as the usual end-all of collecting. Rare coins have a life of their own: a great collection is assembled over a human lifetime, then unmercifully dispersed upon the death of its owner, only to be assimilated into new collections of a new generation, an endless cycle. But the modern collector wants a specialized handbook, an instructional aid and evaluation as are available to him in other aspects of contemporary endeavor. It is our intention to provide a guide for what exists and what does not, and how much the collector can reasonably expect to pay for any of the gold coins of Gran Colombia.

I have undertaken this compilation to fill in the gaps and rectify inaccuracies in the well-known books by Harris, Friedberg, Almanzar-Seppa, William Craig, Krause-Mishler, and even the standbys from another era like Fonrobert and Guttag. Nevertheless this work may not remain up-to-date for very long. Additional dates and date-assayer combinations will surely be discovered. And probably some values will rise, while others fall, as relative rarity becomes more recognized. A particularly sensitive task was the assignment of worth to these South American gold coins of the nineteenth century, nearly all much rarer than their U.S. and European counterparts selling at significantly higher prices. When a coin has been recently auctioned, in most instances that price in that grade ought to be its minimum worth, but in the case of a known rarity unseen in the marketplace for years or even decades, one can only estimate. The value of a newly discovered rarity, of which this book records more than several, requires even greater conjecture. Still, rightly or wrongly, I have attempted to give an approximate value to all but the very rarest coins. Some of this guesswork was diminished, however, as the result of three landmark auctions of Spanish American gold rarities: by Spink’s of London on September 25, 1980, Stack’s of New York on September 16, 1982, and Sotheby’s branch in Geneva, Switzerland, on May 18, 1990. The prices realized at Spink’s were explosive, in sharp contrast with those of the two great auctions of rare Spanish American gold coins that took place in the previous decade: Bowers and Ruddy of Los Angeles on February 1819, 1977, and Glendining of London on November 17-18, 1971. Nothing like 12,500 British pounds (exactly $30,000 with the pound at US$2.40 on that day) for an 1848 Colombia no-denomination 16 pesos in “choice extremely fine” and “probably a proof,” at that time the most ever paid at auction for a Spanish American post-colonial coin, had ever been imagined prior to the Spink’s auction. Although this coin went to the “book,” to a private collector who was not present, my estimate (I was there) is that ninety percent of those who attended and bid and won coins were dealers, who must of course make a profit on their purchases and who thus must have pushed the retail prices even higher as the Spink’s coins reached their primary marketplace in North and South America. Then came the fall of the coin market in 1981, with deeply depressed prices continuing throughout the ensuing several years. On September 15-16, 1982, at the very bottom of the market, Stack’s offered at public auction the astonishing Hammel collection of nineteenth- and twentieth-century foreign gold coins. The first evening of the auction was dedicated solely to the dispersal of European coins, concluded during the early part of the second evening when a proof 100 pesetas of 1870 of Spain sold for $190,000, almost four times its estimate and the most ever paid until then for any modern (non-ancient) foreign gold coin. The stage was set for the Latin American offerings, all post-colonial, all the known rarities (and some unknown until then) and nearly all in the choicest quality available—undoubtedly the most outstanding type-collection of its kind ever assembled. The prices were astounding, a continuation of the record bids of the previous evening. Over the two-day span, more than six hundred dealers and collectors (and twelve hundred mail bidders) paid close to $3 million for this collection, more than a million beyond its value estimated by Stack’s. After Stack’s auction, $30,000 was no longer the record price for a Latin American coin. The Ecuador 8 escudos of 1844 in only Fine/Very Fine sold for $32,000, with other rarities also in five figures. What the auction of the Hammel collection confirmed is that when rare coins in high grade come out of hiding, there are always collectors with the knowledge, zeal, and especially the wherewithal to buy them, no matter what the economic conditions of the moment may be. This was confirmed by the Sotheby’s Geneva auction, held at a time of generally quiescent economic and numismatic conditions. Here was an all-gold

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND El Nuevo Reino de Granada, The New Kingdom of Granada, or later simply New Granada, was what the Spanish conquerors called the northernmost region of South America discovered about 1500. Customarily, European colonizers named New World settlements or regions in honor of cities, regions, or noble personages of the mother country. Early towns of the thirteen North American colonies, even the appellations of the colonies themselves, reflect the same pattern. In addition the Spaniards often combined Catholic pieties with an approximation of the original Indian names of places to designate locations like Santa Fe (Holy Faith) de Bogotá (Bacatá), known until the nineteenth century chiefly as the city of Santa Fe rather that the present-day Bogotá, capital of Colombia. Granada, of course, is a famous city and province in southern Spain, ruled for hundreds of years by the Moors before it was retaken by the armies of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel in 1492, the same year that Columbus discovered America. Granada also means pomegranate in Spanish, a tree whose fruit is to this day symbolically depicted between two cornucopias (one spilling fruit and the other, coins!) at the top of the Colombian shield or coat of arms visible on the reverse of most Colombia gold coins after 1837. In descending order on the same shield are the pileus (the Phrygian or liberty cap of roman origin, symbolically reinstituted during the French Revolution) and a ship on each side of two oceans divided by a strip of land, Panamá, a part of Colombia when the shield was devised. Colombia remains the only South American country with coastline on both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Established in 1525, Santa Marta on the Atlantic coast was the first permanent settlement in what was to become the New Kingdom of Granada. Eight years later, and nearby, what later became the fortress city of Cartagena de Indias was founded, the “de Indias” (of the Indies) to distinguish it from the coastal Cartagena in Spain. After the Spaniards moved inland from these and other coastal towns to the high interior in search of the legendary El Dorado, settlements like Santa Fe de Bogotá, Popayán, and Cali became the heart of New Granada.

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El Dorado, the region of undiscovered treasure and today the name of Bogotá’s airport, was at first not a place but a person, an Indian chief anointed with gold dust and surrounded by abundant gold and jewels at Lake Guatavita near Bogotá. Although El Dorado was never found, sufficient gold and emeralds were mined in the highlands to require a protected storehouse like Cartagena before their shipment to Spain. It should be noted that, unlike Mexico, Colombia never had much silver except as a residue in the mining of gold, and perhaps this is why pillar dollars with the Nuevo Reino or Popayán mintmark are so very rare. The Spaniards ruled for almost three centuries, with Nueva Granada administered from Peru until 1718 when it became its own viceroyalty. Spain supplied all commodities and collected all taxes, which became as oppressive as the class system in which only Spaniards could hold office. Indians (mainly in the interior), blacks (only on the coast), mestizos (Spaniard-Indian descendants), mulatos (Spaniard-black descendants), zambos (black-Indian descendants), and criollos (all-white descendants of Spaniards) had little or no political or social standing. Ultimately control by the mother country had to weaken as did that of Great Britain in North America. The American Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man of 1789 did not go unnoticed in Nueva Granada, whose own Act of Independence was proclaimed in Bogotá in 1810, precursor to nine years of complicated regional struggle between small local armies. This movement for independence culminated in the victory of about two thousand patriots over three thousand royalists in the Battle of Boyacá of August 7, 1819, near the town of Tunja between Bogotá and the present-day Venezuelan border. From this date most of “Colombia” became independent, although the provinces of Ecuador and Venezuela were only partially so until Spanish control in Venezuela was eliminated in 1821 (1822 in Ecuador), the same year that Panama became part of the loose federation known as Gran Colombia (Great, or Greater, Colombia). The name Gran Colombia was in regional use, although República de Colombia was the official name as indicated on the obverse of coins of the period. The new nation’s first shield of cornucopias and fasces can also be seen clearly on the reverse of the 8-escudos pieces of both Bogotá and Popayán, 1822-1836, the two traditional mints from colonial times, as gold coins were not minted in Medellín until 1862. Despite the unifying efforts of the heroes of independence like Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Paula Santander, who were respectively proclaimed the Republic’s first President and Vice President by the Congress at the new capital of Bogotá, the attempt at union was destined to fail because of a vast diversity of geographical, regional, and economic interests and jealousies. Venezuela had never really wanted to be a part of the federation and by 1830 seceded, along with Ecuador, leaving Colombia to return to its original name of Nueva Granada, although the coinage continued with the obverse legend of República de Colombia until 1836 in Bogotá and 1838 (8 escudos only) in Popayán. (There were no República de Colombia gold coins of any denomination minted in 1837.) It is interesting to note not only that the legend on the early Republican coinage of Ecuador reads “El Ecuador en Colombia” but also that Venezuelans consider Colombian gold coinage up to the secession in 1830 to be their coinage too. Therefore Colombian gold pesos and escudos dated from 1822 to 1830 should be in more demand than later dates in the same series, a fact hardly reflected in their values. With several Constitutions and much civil war, the República de la Nueva Granada managed to endure only until 1857. Until then, all government had been unitary. Another Constitution in 1858 created a federal republic known as the Confederación Granadina, in which each state for the first time was to govern itself (instead of having its governors appointed from Bogotá) and the nation was to elect its Presidents by direct vote, on the U.S. model. This led only to more civil strife, and in 1863 to Constitutional modifications that, among other things, had changed the name of the nation to Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia), an arrangement that lasted only until 1885. The

experimentation with a federal government proved unworkable and still another Constitution was adopted in 1886. With modifications in 1910 and 1936, it is this Constitution that remains in force today and has returned the country to its original name at the time of independence—the República de Colombia. Since the beginning of independence the history of Colombia has been one of insurrections and, fundamentally, a struggle between liberals and conservatives. The liberals have always been exponents of federalism and secularism while the conservatives have favored administrative centralization and close ties between Church and State. The liberals were in eclipse at the time of secession of Panama on November 3, 1903, one more political upheaval. A railroad was built across the Isthmus of Panama in 1855, although a canal had been proposed as early as colonial times. In 1878 the Colombian government reached an agreement with a French company to build this canal, whose excavation was begun in 1883. Owing to the ravages of yellow fever on location and financial scandals in France leading to a bankruptcy of the company, the work was left unfinished. Later the United States agreed to complete the canal on terms seemingly favorable to both itself and Colombia, but the treaty was rejected by the Colombian Congress in 1903, whereupon with U.S. backing the Panamanians declared their independence from Colombia. This declaration became a fait accompli when U.S. forces prevented the arrival of Colombian troops. Nevertheless, the canal was built, Panama became a nation, and the United States belatedly awarded an indemnity of twenty-five million dollars to Colombia. Unlike the Venezuelans, seemingly fewer Panamanians collect the gold coinage of Colombia as their own. Perhaps this is because Panama was always somewhat isolated from Colombia and has no tradition of gold coinage, except a few modern non-circulating legal tender pieces, which is why Panama is omitted from the lists in this book. The bloodiest of Colombian insurrections broke out in 1948, the famous Bogotazo (destruction of Bogotá) that left the capital in ruins and a considerable area of the country beyond the control of government for years. This and other events occasioned an unusual experiment in political parity in 1958, the so-called National Front, all the more extraordinary because it worked. Under this system all elective and appointive positions—national, provincial, and municipal—were to be divided equally between the Liberal and Conservative parties. By further amendment in 1959, even the Presidency of Colombia was to be alternated between the two parties every four years until 1974, when the National Front was allowed to expire. Since then, and apart from the 1982-1986 term, a Liberal Presidential candidate has won every election to date. As exceptions to a long history of intermittent dictatorships in South America, only Colombia and Venezuela have somehow managed to retain a continuity of democratic structure in recent times. Despite a record of instability, Colombia especially is a very democratic country, and a very traditional one. Here are some manifestations of this perception. Observe the gold coins. Miss Liberty is portrayed on every nineteenth-century issue, through all the civil strife and rejected Constitutions. Colombia is the only Latin American nation that has a concordat with the Vatican. Hispanic linguists generally agree that the “best” Spanish spoken in the New World—the most traditional, formal, distinctly pronounced—is that of Bogotá and highland Colombia, a distinction sharply in contrast with the slurred idiom of the coastal areas which linguistically might as well be a separate nation. Bogotá has been called the “Athens of America” with reputedly more bookstores and cultural institutions per capita than those of any other Spanish American metropolis. Educated bogotanos also have a nickname, the “cachacos” (dandies, sports), owing to their courtly ways. The costeños (Colombians of the coastal regions) as well as many other South Americans consider these proud “cachacos” and Colombian highlanders in general to be supercilious and overbearing. The North American or European numismatist may be unimpressed by all of this as he wonders why the Medellín mint could not have produced better dies or the Popayán mint better planchets. The explanation is that despite its

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cultural reputation Colombia has been and is still an underdeveloped country with economic problems as large as its population, and in a contemporary context, less oil than its neighbors. Until recently Venezuela had been the prodigal son enjoying its wealth of petroleum, of which even tranquil little Ecuador is an exporter. Panama is in a different orbit, a kind of commercial crossroads of the world astraddle the Canal. The historian looks at his map and ponders what manner of nation might have evolved if Gran Colombia had managed to hold together. And the numismatist studies the legends of the coins and comes to understand that there is not one Colombia, but many.

(Excepting the non-circulating legal tender coinage, the rule of thumb is that when you find a brilliant uncirculated coin, any BU, buy it!) For these reasons, only one value, in U.S. dollars, is listed for each coin. It is an average retail estimation for a coin all of whose features are clearly discernible, in fact nearly as struck, and whose minor defects are of origin in the minting process rather than as a result of abuse. Call it an average Extra Fine. There is one exception: a few coins of great rarity in average Very Fine or even only Fine are worth the price indicated if wear has not rendered them unpleasing to the numismatic eye. Remember that we are dealing here with numerous pieces of which only a handful may be extant, and in a few cases unseen in high grade. Overstrikes of dates are not uncommon, but only well-known ones or those of rare or key dates are singled out, for there seems to be but little difference in market value between the coin with an overstruck date and the one without. In other words, the collection and classification of overstrikes in Gran Colombia gold coins is an area that has not attracted much attention of collectors, partly because it is so hard to collect enough of these coins to compile a comprehensive listing of overstrikes. Neither is it worthwhile to list the diameters of these coins, but for a different reason. Although some other books do list diameters in millimeters, the result is that the reader is frequently mystified when the size of his coin does not conform to what he presumes to be standard. The fact is that a great many of these pieces vary in thickness, which, if the weight is to be right, therefore affects the diameter, even among the various dates of a given type. The only critical figures are the weight in grams and the gold content, statistics which in the Hispanic tradition are guaranteed by their appearance on the legends of many of the coins themselves. In Colombia, for example, from the first gold coins of the Republic in 1822 through 1836 (plus the Popayán 8 escudos of 1838) the colonial escudo standard of 0.875 fineness (21 karat) was in use. The peso standard of 0.900 fineness (21.6 karat) pertained on most of the gold coins from 1837 through 1878. Thereafter, until 1913, Colombia produced no gold coins except the very few and very rare pieces of 1885 and 1886 with a reduced fineness of 0.666 (16 karat). From 1913 through 1930 the English standard of 0.916-2/3 fineness (22 karat) prevailed and all the numerous Colombian 5-pesos coins of that period are of the exact weight, fineness, and diameter of the British sovereign. With another hiatus until 1968, the Colombian non-circulating legal tender coins and sets minted sporadically since that date have all returned to the 0.900 fineness of 21.6 karat. Rightly or wrongly, I have concluded that certain nineteenth-century dates listed in other well-known catalogs simply do not exist, hence are omitted here, while other dates and assayers and even some types appear here for the first time, authenticated by photographs. No coin is listed that I have not either held in my hand nor seen in a museum, or whose photo has not appeared in a reliable book or auction catalog, or whose drawing is not to be found in one of the early private cabinet inventories published prior to the widespread use of photography. The keen analyst will discover these distinctions by comparison with existing catalogs. Coin values, ever in flux, are a matter of judgment at any given moment, but the existence or non-existence of a coin is a fact forever, or at least until new information is discovered.

A BRIEF COMMENTARY ON THE COINAGE The post-colonial gold coinage of nineteenth-century Colombia, which forms the main part of this work, is the most complex of all Latin American gold coinages. It is a very rich field of study for the numismatic researcher and, of course, one of great challenge for the collector. Complicated as this coinage may be, it is not pictorially diverse nor innovative. One tires of the inevitable liberty-head obverse. On neither the obverse nor the reverse of Colombian gold coins is there any exciting design to rival, for example, the bright spontaneity of sun, mountains, and ceiba trees of the early Costa Rican or Guatemalan post-colonial escudos. Nor can the three mints of Colombia vie in number with the many of post-colonial Mexico and their varieties of design and mintmark even into the twentieth century. Wherein, then, lies this complexity? In the frequent changes in type, size, weight, denomination of the coinage, even the name of the nation itself— born as the República de Colombia, changed to the República de la Nueva Granada, then the Confederación Granadina, next the Estados Unidos de Colombia, and finally back to the present-day República de Colombia. Also there is the question of mintage records, half of which are unavailable and most of the other half entirely unreliable, not excluding some of the most modern non-circulating legal tender coinage. Even when we think we know the mintage, we have no idea of the considerable meltage at times of financial crisis. To avoid a perpetuation of unverifiable statistics of mintage, quoted so often as facts (to emphasize rarity) in auction catalogs and price lists, this book will give none (except for a few of the modern bullion-coin issues). The degree of rarity of the coins listed here can be established only by experience, which is to say by their frequency of appearance, plus some inside knowledge as to where some of them reside. The neophyte may be surprised to learn that a majority of these coins are much rarer than most of the more popular Spanish colonial issues of the same weight or denomination. We do know this much about the mintages and meltages of the nineteenth-century pieces listed here: most of the coins are of such low supply that the rarest of them are still undervalued. This is because Latin America is not home to a great number of affluent collectors and investors, as is the United States or Europe, vying with one another to possess the numismatic treasures of their own nations in a mint state of the highest degree. In addition so few Gran Colombia pieces emerge in pristine grade, and so crude is the manufacture of many types, that it does not seem worthwhile to list a series of values by grade.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.iCollector.com/sedwick

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Another departure from our “treasure coin” norm is the fact that all the lots except two (and the proof sets at the end) are graded and encapsulated (“slabbed”) by Numismatic Guaranty Corporation (NGC). (Note that the photos show four white holders that intrude into the rims of the coins due to a special NGC design meant to enable side viewing.) The concept of slabbing was new to world coins when Frank died in 1996 and did not exist at all when he was forming his collection, but now it is critical for maintaining a uniform standard and revealing hidden damage (particularly cleaning, generally manifest as surfaces hairlines). Infrequently we question the slab grade, as grading will always be a matter of opinion, but in general we applaud NGC’s consistency and accuracy. If nothing else, it is an impartial second pair of eyes, which in several cases revealed flaws that Frank missed but also pegged ten degrees of difference between AU-50 and MS-65 (which were simply XF, AU, UNC and BU in Frank’s time, the modern XF being a strict VF in the 1970s). One other significant benefit to NGC encapsulation is that it provides population information (accessible online), revealing in fact that many of Frank’s coins were the finest known. But arguably the most important aspect of all is that the tag inside each slab shows the pedigree as DR. FRANK SEDWICK COLL., a permanent record of each coin’s contribution to Dr. Sedwick’s achievement.

Frank’s book used a simple but adequate rarity scale: R = Very scarce, yet available RR = Rare, but offered occasionally RRR = Very rare, seldom offered RRRR = Extremely rare, probably not more than ten known In this catalog we mention anything that is RR or above, but note in several cases the rarity in Frank’s book was understated, and vice versa. Throughout the catalog, Frank’s book is referred to simply as “Sedwick.” The only other references we cite are Restrepo (Monedas de Colombia, by Dr. Jorge Emilio Restrepo, 2009) and KM (Standard Catalog of World Coins, by Krause-Mishler, kept current online at www.numismaster.com). There are truly no other references necessary for this series. In keeping with these references, we have organized this catalog first by government. For the post-colonial gold issues there are effectively five governing bodies (the dates being the range that appears on the coins, not necessarily the actual dates of each administration):

Beyond the Sedwick pedigree, we list Frank’s actual acquisition records (when known) before the estimate for each lot. These records generally refer to auction houses and private dealers, as well as previous collector pedigrees when known. It is interesting to note that a majority of the dealers and auction houses mentioned are still doing business today. One other pedigree-enhancement that we wish we could provide is an indication of which of the coins here are plate coins in The Gold Coinage of Gran Colombia, but unfortunately Frank’s photos are not clear enough (even in the original printing plates) to make confident matches. The budget for Frank’s book simply did not allow for high-quality photos, an aspect that Frank only mildly regretted, insisting as he did that dissemination of accurate information to even the most impecunious researcher or collector was the paramount concern.

1. Republic of Colombia, 1822-1838 2. Republic of New Granada, 1837-1858 3. Granadine Confederation, 1858-1862 4. United States of Colombia, 1862-1886 5. Modern Republic of Colombia (1900s) To this we add a sixth section within the current government: 6. Proof sets (NCLT), 1968-present Also in deference to the three numismatic references, but departing from our usual auction ordering, we present the Dr. Frank Sedwick collection with the lowest denominations first.

LOT VIEWING SCHEDULE: March 31-April 3: Whitman Baltimore Coin & Currency Expo April 14-17: Chicago International Coin Fair (CICF) April 4-13 and 18-25: by appointment at our private office in Winter Park, Florida (closed weekends and on Good Friday) 57


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The Dr. Frank Sedwick Collection of Colombian Republic Gold Coins Republic of Colombia, 1822-1838 The very first gold coins of independent Colombia were issued at the Bogotá and Popayán mints using the old Spanish denominations of 1, 2, 4 and 8 escudos in their traditional weights of 3.375, 6.750, 13.500 and 27.000 grams respectively. Soon afterward the Bogotá mint added the ½ escudo-sized 1 peso of 1.6875 grams. The highlights in this series are the 2 and 4 escudos (the latter being issued in only one year, 1826), as well as certain dates and assayers in the 8 escudos, most especially the unique Popayán 8 escudos 1838UR. Per Sedwick: “Venezuela and Ecuador were part of Colombia until 1830, so Venezuelans and Ecuadoreans tend to consider Colombian coinage up to that year to be part of their own. However, by far the majority of the great Colombian rarities occur after 1830.”

1 peso

203. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1829/7JF, encapsulated NGC XF details, mount removed. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-unlisted (cf. 160). KM-84. Crude rims and details, the bust almost fanciful in appearance, but bold strike and starting to tone. Sedwick did not give this overdate any special recognition in his book, but correspondence with Lía Meissner in 1990 indicates she did not know of its existence, so it must be somewhat rare. Art Smith 7/79. Estimate: $200-$300.

200. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1825JF, encapsulated NGC AU58. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-160. KM-84. Lustrous and boldly struck. Bowers & Ruddy 2/77. Estimate: $200-$300.

201. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1826JF, encapsulated NGC AU55. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-160. KM-84. Bold strike, slightly off-center, some luster. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 6/78. Estimate: $200-$300.

204. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1829RS, encapsulated NGC AU details, surface hairlines. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-160. KM-84. Lustrous and bold, broad flan. Art Smith 7/79. Estimate: $200-$300.

202. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1827RR, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-160. KM-84. Toned around details, part of rim crude (as made). Superior 10/77. Estimate: $250-$350.

205. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1834RS, encapsulated NGC AU details, plugged. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-160. KM-84. Bold strike and somewhat lustrous, with faint bulge at top of obverse/bottom of reverse where a hole was expertly repaired. Estimate: $200-$300.

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206. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1835RS, encapsulated NGC MS- 207. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1836RS, encapsulated NGC AU58. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-160. KM-84. Nice strike all over and somewhat lustrous, but starting to tone. Estimate: $200-$300.

61. Sedwick-1. Restrepo-160. KM-84. Highly lustrous and detailed, full rims with die-clashing just inside, especially at date. Note KM values this at $825 in BU. Dan Sander 1/79. Estimate: $600-$900.

1 escudo

208. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1823JF, encapsulated NGC XF-40, rare. Sedwick-2. Restrepo-161. KM-81.1. Bold strike, richly toned, rather nice for the grade. Sedwick says in his book: “a short, undervalued series.” Art Smith 6/79. Estimate: $300-$450. 209. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1823FM, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM-81.2. Highly lustrous, very flashy, and nicely struck except for small part of rim. Finest known specimen graded by NGC. Stack’s 3/88. Estimate: $400-$600. 210. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1824FM, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM-81.2. Very lustrous, particularly the reverse, with very slight weakness on high points of bust but in our opinion it should still merit a Mint State grade. Roberto Muhlenkamp 8/ 78. Estimate: $250-$325.

211. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1825FM, encapsulated NGC AU-53. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM-81.2. Lightly toned, nice strike. Estimate: $250-$325. 212. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1826FM, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM-81.2. Good strike, lightly toned, honest wear. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 11/77. Estimate: $250-$325. 213. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1827FM, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM-81.2. Flashy with luster, slightly crude rims as made. NASCA 12/77. Estimate: $250-$325. 214. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1828RU, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM81.2. Lustrous, with adjustment marks on reverse and minor planchet flaws in hair and near top of reverse. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 6/78. Estimate: $275-$350. 215. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1829RU, encapsulated NGC AU-50. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM81.2. Slightly weak centers with faint adjustment marks. Estimate: $250-$325.

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216. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1831RU, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM-81.2. Choice and lustrous, slight but typical weakness in centers, still the finest known specimen graded by NGC. For comparison, an MS-62 sold in Ponterio in April of 2009 for $391. Dan Sander 3/80. Estimate: $350-$500. 217. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1832RU, encapsulated NGC VF-35. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM-81.2. Somewhat lustrous with wear on high points, faint adjustment marks on reverse. Roberto Muhlenkamp 6/78. Estimate: $175-$250. 218. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1835RU, encapsulated NGC XF details, holed. Sedwick-3. Restrepo162. KM-unlisted (cf. 81.2). Rosy toning, nice details, old hole. Unlisted in KM but not considered rare. Estimate: $200-$300. 219. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1836/4RU, encapsulated NGC XF-40. Sedwick-3. Restrepo-162. KM81.2. Lustrous, with nice rims and subtle toning, just slightly worn on high points. Unlisted in KM and “rare” in Restrepo, but Sedwick did not consider it notably so. Estimate: $250-$375.

2 escudos 220. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 escudos, 1825JF, encapsulated NGC AU-55, rare. Sedwick4. Restrepo-163. KM-83. Lustrous and choice, nicer strike than usual. Sedwick says in his book: “Every date in this series, which is underrated, merits RR.” Norweb’s AU specimen sold for $1,100, and Eliasberg’s EF-45 sold for $1,265. Lou Collins 8/78. Estimate: $600$900.

4 escudos

221. Bogotá, Colombia, 4 escudos, 1826JF, encapsulated NGC F-15, rare. Sedwick-5. Restrepo-164. KM-86. Somewhat weak strike with wear and marks, but an elusive one-year type that is highly sought by type-collectors. Per Sedwick: “not only a one-year type but also the only 4 escudos of Colombia as a nation, and was probably of low mintage. Almost never is the piece seen in any but low grade.” While hardly comparable in quality, it is interesting to note that the top-end Eliasberg specimen in MS-64 sold for $42,550. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000. 61


8 escudos 222. Bogotรก, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1822JF, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Really a bagmarked MS in our opinion, with satin fields graced with luster, slightly weak center on reverse as usual, still the finest known of three graded by NGC. RR in Sedwick but more desirable for its quality than for its scarcity. Estimate: $3,000-$4,000.

223. Bogotรก, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1822JF, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Lustrous but bagmarked, slightly weak center on reverse, cheek and forehead matte from minor wear. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $2,500-$3,500. 224. Bogotรก, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1823JF, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Lustrous and well struck all over, just too many bagmarks to earn an MS grade. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

225. Bogotรก, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1824JF, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Choice, highly lustrous and beautifully struck, in fact the finest known of the four specimens graded by NGC, which rarely awards MS grades to this type. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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226. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1824JF, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Flashy with luster, just bagmarked and with slight weakness on high points. Estimate: $1,500$2,000.

229. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1827JF, encapsulated NGC AU-50. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Nice strike, its luster somewhat subdued, with interesting pre-striking scratch in planchet that goes through the nose and chin, minor lamination at about 8 o’clock on reverse. RR in Sedwick. “Zurich auction 1990.” Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

227. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1825JF, encapsulated NGC XF-40. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Good strike but evident wear and marks, including a staple scratch across the neck. Roberto Muhlenkamp 8/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 230. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1827RR, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Highly lustrous and starting to tone, Mint State in our opinion but still the finest known specimen graded by NGC. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $1,200-$1,700.

228. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1826JF, encapsulated NGC XF-40. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Lighter color than usual, with luster and toning in legends, minor planchet flaws near top of caduceus. Christensen 4/85. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 231. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1828RS, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Flashy luster all over, especially nice rims, the centers slightly weak as usual, otherwise it would merit an MS grade. Steinberg’s 10/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

232. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1830RS, encapsulated NGC AU-55, plain edge, unique. Sedwick-unlisted (cf. 6). Restrepo-unlisted (cf. 165). KM-unlisted (cf. 82.1). Unlisted error made without the usual reeded edge, lustrous and deeply toned, some wear. Ponterio 12/85. Estimate: $1,000-up.

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236. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1834RS, encapsulated NGC 233. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1831RS, encapsulated NGC AU details, reverse damage. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. AU-53. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Decent strike with ample peripheral luster. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 6/78. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

Beautiful strike and luster, subtle toning, with two small areas of modern scratches on the reverse (not too distracting). Manfra Tordella & Brookes 8/77. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

234. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1832RS, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Nice strike, lightly bagmarked but lustrous, second-finest known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $1,200-$1,700.

237. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1835RS, encapsulated NGC AU-50. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Lustrous but bagmarked, decent strike. Silver Center 10/79. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

235. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1833RS, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Gorgeously sharp strike, lustrous and beautifully toned, second-finest known specimen graded by NGC. Roberto Muhlenkamp 8/78. Estimate: $1,200-$1,700.

AU-58. Sedwick-6. Restrepo-165. KM-82.1. Lustrous Mint State with just enough bagmarks to miss the MS designation, good strike. Lou Hudson 8/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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238. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1836RS, encapsulated NGC

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239. Popayรกn, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1822FM, encapsulated NGC MS-61, rare. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Exceptionally lustrous mirror fields, almost prooflike, with hairlines that apparently did not bother the graders (in fact this is the only known specimen graded by NGC), typically weak center on reverse. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

240. Popayรกn, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1823FM, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Honest wear in evidence but with hint of luster remaining. Art Smith 6/79. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

241. Popayรกn, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1824FM, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Lustrous and well struck, every bit of Mint State, which is rarely granted by graders for this type. Morris Geiger 1/79. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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242. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1825FM, encapsulated 245. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1828FM, encapsulated NGC XF details, mount removed, polished. Sedwick-7. Restrepo166. KM-82.2. Lightly toned, a rather presentable specimen despite the light polishing and spot on edge at top where the mount was removed, but clearly must be at least scarce (RR in Sedwick), or else Frank would have found a better one. Stack’s 12/86. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

NGC XF-40. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Somewhat weak and worn in centers but with much peripheral luster remaining. Almanzar 3/87. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

243. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1826FM, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Highly lustrous, with just a hint of wear on high points. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 11/77. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

246. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1829FM, encapsulated NGC XF details, obverse scratched. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM82.2. Lustrous AU with some weak spots and minor flaws, light staple scratched behind head. RR in Sedwick. Roberto Muhlenkamp 8/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

244. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1827FM, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Lustrous but somewhat worn, with old marks in forehead and chest, nothing egregious. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

247. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1829UR, encapsulated NGC AU details, obverse scratched. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM82.2. Lustrous and clearly high grade but with a modicum of minor scratches on bust that should tone down with time. Roberto Muhlenkamp 8/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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248. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1830UR, encapsulated 251. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1832UR, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Highly lustrous and choice, just the bust slightly weak (otherwise MS in our opinion) and somewhat off-center. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 6/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

NGC AU-55. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Nicely struck and lustrous, just a hint of wear on the high points. Roberto Muhlenkamp 8/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

249. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1830FM, encapsulated 252. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1833UR, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Lightly toned, with subdued luster, hint of wear. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

NGC VF-30, rare. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Noticeably worn but emboldened by contrasting sediment and toning around details, and notably the rarer assayer for this date (RRR in Sedwick and $2,000 in VF in Restrepo). Estimate: $1,250-$1,750.

253. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1834UR, encapsulated 250. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1830FW, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Highly lustrous, with

NGC VF-30. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Worn but with contrasting sediment and toning around details, the rare assayer with inverted M (slightly more common than the upright M), RRR in Sedwick, where it is noted that both assayer FM and this variety with inverted M did not appear in the standard references in the 1970s. Estimate: $1,200-$1,600.

just a hint of wear on bust and cornucopias, more like MS-60 on a good day. Bowers & Ruddy 11/78 (private treaty). Estimate: $1,500$2,000.

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254. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1835UR, encapsulated 255. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1836UR, encapsulated NGC XF details, surface hairlines. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM82.2. Minor natural laminations on obverse, some wear, odd scratches around the letters of COLOMBIA. Cohen 8/79. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

NGC XF-45. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-166. KM-82.2. Very lustrous for the grade, bargmarked but better than some AU’s. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 6/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

256. Popayán, Colombia, 8 escudos, 1838UR, encapsulated NGC XF-45, possibly unique. Sedwick-7. Restrepo-unlisted (cf. 166). KM82.2. Truly for the advanced numismatic scholar, with notable differences from the rest of the series, particularly the bust, which resembles

that of the popular Ecuador 8 escudos that began in the same year (also with the letters of POPAYAN more haphazardly spaced), in a tolerable grade with no problems. The wear on this coin, in fact, as well as its elegant old toning, is somewhat comforting, as it serves to authenticate the piece in the absence of any other specimens to compare with. Naturally it is RRRR in Sedwick and Rare in KM, not even mentioned in Restrepo, and Frank made it clear that no other pieces were ever recorded, at auction or elsewhere. Therefore it is impossible to accurately estimate its value, but we do know that in 1983 Frank turned down an offer of $10,000 for this piece. We could not even find a similar XF 1838 8 escudos from Ecuador to compare with (KM says $8,000), but note that the Eliasberg specimen in AU-55 realized $39,100. It remains to be seen if the present coin will appeal more to collectors of Ecuador than of Colombia (for Ecuador in fact was originally part of Colombia, and some of its smaller gold coins up through 1835 actually say EL ECUADOR EN COLOMBIA), but in theory both camps should have a strong interest. We just hope the new owner will be able to further the research and determine exactly why this coin exists at all. Stack’s 6/77. Estimate: $15,000-up.

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Republic of New Granada, 1837-1858 The peso system was refined and expanded under this government, with both mints (Bogotá and Popayán) working more or less in tandem. The denominations issued until 1848-9 were only 1, 2 and 16 pesos, specified in weights of 1.6875, 3.375 and 27.000 grams respectively. In 1848-9 an experiment began in which coins were struck with a new, refined Liberty head and with no assayer initials. The smallest were struck without denomination but with their weight of 3.2258 grams stated in the legend, and we call these (2 pesos), the parentheses indicating that the denomination is only assumed. This denomination was confirmed in 1857 when coins of the same weight were issued with legends indicating 2 pesos. Similarly, in 1849 a (5 pesos) was issued in 8.0648 grams, which became a proper 5 pesos in 1857. The 1848-9 experiment also extended to (8 pesos), in 12.9032 grams, but these coins were never struck and only exist in the form of patterns in gold and silver. The mid-range denomination that was finally adopted, in 1853, was the (10 pesos), at 16.400 grams, but this was soon reduced to 16.129 grams with the 10-pesos denomination stated in the legend. At the top end, the new (16 pesos) of 25.8064 grams was issued starting in 1848-9 as well (following an 1847 pattern), an attractive and very popular type whose six dates of issue are all more or less rare.

1 peso

257. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1837RS, encapsulated NGC AU-

260. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1840/39RS, encapsulated NGC

53. Sedwick-8. Restrepo-200. KM-93. Boldly struck and richly toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

AU-58. Sedwick-8. Restrepo-200. KM-93. Nice strike, subtle toning, very clear overdate. Steinberg’s 5/83. Estimate: $200-$300.

258. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1838RS, encapsulated NGC MS- 261. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1842RS, encapsulated NGC AU55. Sedwick-8. Restrepo-200. KM-93. Bold strike, trivial marks all over, including some fresh ones at about 2 o’clock on the reverse. NASCA 8/78 (Wayte Raymond). Estimate: $200-$300.

64. Sedwick-8. Restrepo-200. KM-93. Highly lustrous and beautifully detailed, a real gem. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $600-$900.

259. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1839RS, encapsulated NGC AU-

262. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1844RS, encapsulated NGC MS62. Sedwick-8. Restrepo-200. KM-93. Lustrous, beautiful strike, which is difficult to achieve on these small coins, with a hint of toning. NASCA 8/78 (Wayte Raymond) via Lou Collins. Estimate: $500-$750.

50. Sedwick-8. Restrepo-200. KM-93. Pale yellow in color but nicely struck and well preserved, with all four digits of the date re-engraved in the die. RR in Sedwick. Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/78. Estimate: $200$300.

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263. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1846RS, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-8. Restrepo-200. KM-93. Gorgeously purple-toned and well struck, just with a touch of wear. Ponterio 3/87. Estimate: $200-$300.

2 pesos

264. Popayán, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1838RU, encapsulated NGC VF-35. Sedwick-10. Restrepo-202. KM-95. Minor lamination flaws around shield and noticeable wear but still very respectable in quality. John Abbot 8/77. Estimate: $150-$225. 265. Popayán, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1842VU, encapsulated NGC UNC details, obverse scratched, rare. Sedwick-10. Restrepo-202. KM95. Lustrous and clearly high grade, just with a modern hairline scratch in front of face and natural lamination flaw at about 5 o’clock in the obverse legend and odd bulge behind head. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $200-$300.

269. Uniface (white metal) die trial of the reverse of a Popayán 2 pesos (1838-46), encapsulated NGC MS-65, rare. Sedwick-10. Restrepo-unlisted. KM-unlisted. Just the coat-of-arms inside a border, without any peripheral details, lustrous and choice. Frank noted that the design is similar but not identical to the arms on his #10. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

266. Popayán, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1843VU, encapsulated NGC VF details, surface hairlines, rare. Sedwick-10. Restrepo-202. KM95. Somewhat crude, with natural planchet flaws on reverse, old edgenick, and noticeable wear on the top of the bust (which appears to be higher relief than usual) and bottom of the shield, but really no more hairlined than any other VF. RR in Sedwick. Lou Hudson 1/79. Estimate: $200-$300. 267. Popayán, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1846UE, encapsulated NGC UNC details, rim damage. Sedwick-10. Restrepo-202. KM-95. Lustrous, looks like UNC on obverse but low AU on reverse, with edge-nick at top and natural lamination flaw at bottom of bust. Bowers & Ruddy 2/77. Estimate: $150-$225. 268. Popayán, Colombia, 2

270. Popayán, Colombia, proof silver pattern for 1848 (2 pesos),

pesos, 1846UM, encapsulated NGC AU details, plugged, polished. Sedwick-10. Restrepo-202. KM-95. Bold strike and clearly high grade but also clearly polished and with telltale green circle at top where a hole was repaired long ago. Mark Teller 8/78. Estimate: $150$225.

encapsulated NGC PF-64 CAMEO, very rare. Sedwick-unlisted. Restrepo-p. 189. KM-Pn15. Pristine gem with lustrous fields and hint of toning around details, in fact the only specimen graded by NGC, valued in KM at $5400. Note that it bears the design of Sedwick-11 of Bogotá but with mint clearly indicated as Popayán, also with flowers instead of caduceuses to right and left (a feature of Sedwick-22 of 1859-60). A cute little “pre-series” test piece. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

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271. Bogotá, Colombia, (2 pesos), 1849, encapsulated NGC AU-55, very rare. Sedwick-11. Restrepo-203. KM-99. Perfect strike, no wear but lots of incidental marks, attractively toned, and the only known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

272. Popayán, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1857-P, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-12. Restrepo-204. KM-121. Lustrous and prooflike, with mirror fields and nice strike except for small areas of granularity that indicate rusty dies, still the finest known specimen graded by NGC. RR in Sedwick, but it is the exceptional grade that makes this particular specimen so valuable. Stack’s 4/75 (private trasty). Estimate: $600$900.

273. Popayán, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1858/48-P, encapsulated NGC XF details, rim damage. Sedwickunlisted (cf. 12). Restrepo-204. KM-121. Still somewhat lustrous despite the light wear, with small old nick in

rim and pre-striking diagonal scratch on reverse. Sedwick says RR for this date but does not list the overdate, and Restrepo lists the overdate as 58/46. Closer examination of the date on this coin seems to indicate that Restrepo (and not NGC) was correct. Kurt Spanier 8/78. Estimate: $250-$350.

5 pesos 274. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1857-B, encapsulated NGC XF details, reverse planchet flaw. Sedwick-13. Restrepo-205. KM-120.1. Nice strike, with light wear on high points only, lightly toned, natural

lamination flaw in center of reverse that normally would not merit a mention by NGC. Listed as RR in Sedwick, this is actually the easiest date of the rare first 5-pesos series of Colombia. Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/ 76. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

10 pesos

275. Bogotá, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1853, encapsulated NGC AU-53, rare. Sedwick-14. Restrepo-207. KM-116.1. Competent strike with just a few bagmarks, finest known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick, who estimated it at $2,500, but only $1,500 for UNC in Restrepo (probably undervalued). Evidence of a possible 53/49 overdate on this coin could be significant. Ponterio (acquisition date unknown). Estimate: $1,500-$2,500. 276. Bogotá, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1854, encapsulated NGC XF-40. Sedwick-14. Restrepo-207. KM-116.1. Typical marks for the grade, with center of shield weak, one of only 2 specimens graded by NGC. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 277. Bogotá, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1855, encapsulated NGC XF details, surface hairlines. Sedwick-14. Restrepo-207. KM-116.1. Lustrous but bagmarked, with typical weak spot in shield. RR in Sedwick. William Donner 10/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 72


278. Bogotá, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1856/5, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-unlisted (cf. 14). Restrepo-207. KM-116.1. Nicely struck and lustrous, with just a few tiny marks on the

bust preventing an MS grade (only flaw we can see), still the finest known specimen graded by NGC. Apparently this date only appears as 6/5, which was not mentioned in Sedwick, where the plain 1865 is listed as RR. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

279. Bogotá, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1857, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-14. Restrepo-207. KM-116.1. Highly lustrous, with smooth, satin fields, slightly weak in centers, very choice and the finest known specimen graded by NGC. Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/76. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

280. Uniface white-metal die trial of the reverse of a Bogotá (10 pesos) (1853-7), encapsulated NGC MS-64, rare. Sedwick-14. Restrepo-unlisted. KM-unlisted. Lustrous and choice, with slight doubling on the denomination, nice for showing the coat-of-arms (typically plagued by central flatness in this series) in its fully detailed glory. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

281. Popayán, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1853, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-15. Restrepo-208. KM-116.2. Blazingly lustrous, noted by Frank (who was usually more critical) as being “superb BU,” not surprisingly the finest known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $2,000$2,500.

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282. Popayán, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1856, encapsulated NGC MS-64, rare. Sedwick-15. Restrepo-208. KM-116.2. Lustrous and clearly high grade, finest known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick. Morris Geiger 1/79. Estimate: $3,000-up.

283. Popayán, Colombia, (10 pesos), 1857, encapsulated NGC UNC details, obverse scratched. Sedwick-15. Restrepo-208. KM-116.2. Lustrous Mint State but with hairline scratches in front of face. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

284. Popayán, Colombia, proof silver pattern for (8 pesos), 1849, encapsulated NGC PF-63, rare. Sedwick-p. 29. Restrepo-p. 190. KMunlisted (cf. Pn17). Gorgeously blue-toned, with lustrous fields and perfect details (wish all the circulating coins looked like this!), reeded edge,

plated and described on page 29 of Frank’s book. Interestingly, the only Popayán comparison we could find was a GOLD 1848 pattern sold in the Norweb auction for $19,800. However, a Bogotá specimen in silver dated 1848 (with caduceuses instead of flowers to left and right) sold in Ponterio in 3/92 for $1210 and the same specimen later sold in Heritage 1/04 as part of the Morris Geiger collection for $1,322.50, so we base our estimate on that value instead. Estimate: $1,500-$2,500.

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286. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1858, encapsulated NGC XF45, rare. Sedwick-16. Restrepo-209. KM-122.1. Nice fields with subdued luster, weak high points (not necessarily wear), small marks on weight on reverse. RRR in Sedwick, with a value of $2,500. “Fabio” 8/76. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

285. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1857, encapsulated NGC AU55. Sedwick-16. Restrepo-209. KM-122.1. Lightly toned, some bagmarks and slight weakness in centers. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $1,500$2,000.

287. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1857, encapsulated NGC MS-65. Sedwick-17. Restrepo-210. KM-122.2. Choice, brightly lustrous and well struck, butter-yellow color. RR in Sedwick. Almanzar 12/77. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

288. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1858, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-17. Restrepo-210. KM-122.2. Mirror, prooflike fields but weak centers as usual. Roberto Muhlenkamp 4/76. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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16 pesos 289. Bogotรก, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1837RS, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Fully detailed and no wear (just bagmarks), lightly toned and lustrous, much nicer than the indicated grade. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

290. Bogotรก, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1838/7RS, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Lustrous and problem-free, with very clear overdate, choice anyway but notably the only known specimen graded by NGC. Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/78. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

291. Bogotรก, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1838RS, encapsulated NGC 292. Bogotรก, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1839/8RS, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Bagmarked but still lustrous, no wear, only known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $900$1,200.

MS-61. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Lustrous and choice, restrained from a higher MS grade by incidental bagmarks. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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293. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1839RS, encapsulated NGC 296. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1842RS, encapsulated NGC AU details, surface hairlines. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Lustrous and very lightly toned, some light wear but not really hairlined, that we can tell. ANA auction 8/77 (Kagin’s). Estimate: $800$1,100.

XF-40. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Still lustrous, with a few stray marks but not overly worn. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 12/79. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

297. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1843RS, encapsulated NGC 294. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1840RS, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Slightly weak bust and few AU-58. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Lustrous and lightly toned, nice strike. Lou Collins 4/77. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

minor planchet flaws but otherwise quite nice for the grade. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $900-$1,200.

295. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1841RS, encapsulated NGC 298. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1844RS, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. No wear but typically bagmarked, nice luster. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $900$1,200.

AU-58. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Fully Mint State, lustrous and lightly toned, no wear at all (despite what you see on the tag). Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $900-$1,200.

299. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1845RS, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Lustrous but somewhat bagmarked and with part of rim weak (yet no wear), finest known specimen graded by NGC. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $900$1,200.

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300. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1846RS, encapsulated NGC 301. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1847RS, with NGC tag (altered AU details, obverse scratched. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Lustrous, no wear, but with very light scratch behind head. Roberto Muhlenkamp 8/78. Estimate: $800-$1,100.

surfaces). Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. At first glance this piece is nothing short of gorgeous (Frank’s notes say “Gem BU”); but closer inspection reveals a chemical cleaning that prevents proper grading and encapsulation. Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/78. Estimate: $800$1,100.

302. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1848RS, encapsulated NGC MS-61. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Choice strike and highly lustrous, the finest known specimen graded by NGC (by several grades, in fact). Almanzar 2/78 (private treaty). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

303. Bogotá, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1849RS, encapsulated NGC 304. Colombia, uniface lead or pewter die trial of the reverse of a 16 pesos (1837-49), encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwickunlisted. Restrepo-p. 187. KM-unlisted. A perfect rendition of the coatof-arms for the type (Sedwick-18 and 19) but missing the wording on the ribbon and without legend (otherwise the mint would be known), no wear but also not lustrous, with edge-nick. Possibly rare. Ponterio 3/92. Estimate: $150-$250.

AU details, repaired. Sedwick-18. Restrepo-211. KM-94.1. Lustrous and well struck, with surface irregularity to left of date. RR in Sedwick. Almanzar 2/78 (private treaty). Estimate: $900-$1,200.

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305. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1837RU, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Much luster, the bust somewhat high relief but with lower hair a little flat (probably not wear). Almanzar 10/77. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

307. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1839RU, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Highly lustrous, practically Mint State but a bit bagmarked and with minor rim-flaw. Superior 2/ 78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

306. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1838RU, encapsulated NGC UNC details, excessive surface hairlines. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Choice strike, lustrous fields (lightly cleaned). Lou Collins 10/77. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

308. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1840RU, encapsulated NGC AU details, surface hairlines. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Well-defined bust, lustrous around lettering but muted in the fields (lightly cleaned). Stack’s 4/75 (private treaty). Estimate: $900-$1,200.

309. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1841RU, encapsulated NGC MS-62, extremely rare. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Flashy with prooflike luster (mirror fields), very choice and the only known specimen graded by NGC. RRRR in Sedwick and a coin to watch for the upper limit for this series. Roberto Muhlenkamp 5/77. Estimate: $2,500-up.

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310. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1841VU, encapsulated NGC 312. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1842UM, encapsulated NGC AU-53. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Lightly toned, typically slightly weak in centers but no real wear. El Dorado (Almanzar) 2/85. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

AU-55. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Lustrous but with light wear on high points, natural flaw at top of head, attractive butter-yellow color, only known specimen graded by NGC. Morris Geiger 1/79. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

311. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1842VU, encapsulated NGC 313. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1843UM, encapsulated NGC MS-60. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Flashy with luster, nice strike, no problems, arguably MS-62 on a better day but still the finest known specimen graded by NGC. Almanzar 10/77. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

XF details, surface hairlines. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Lustrous but lightly cleaned, bust weak at ear, no big problems. Stack’s 12/86. Estimate: $800-$1,100.

314. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1844UM, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Lustrous but bagmarked, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Almanzar 10/77. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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315. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1845UM, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Richly toned and nicely struck, with slight but apparent wear. Stuart Rubenfeld 5/83. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

318. Bogotá, Colombia, copper pattern for (16 pesos), 1847RS, encapsulated NGC XF-45 BN. Sedwick-20. Restrepo-unlisted. KMPn6. Chocolate brown in color with some contrast in red around details, but with light corrosion all over (not wear). Estimate: $200$300.

316. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1846UM, encapsulated NGC AU details, reverse damage. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Lustrous (especially in the legends) but with several natural planchet flaws and a noticeable dig at top of shield. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 11/78. Estimate: $800-$1,100.

317. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1846UE, encapsulated NGC XF-40. Sedwick-19. Restrepo-212. KM-94.2. Lustrous but with noticeable wear on high points. Not rare by our records, but KM does not list values above VF (for which it says $1,500). Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $900-$1,200.

319. Bogotá, Colombia, (16 pesos), 1850, encapsulated NGC XF details, rim damage, rare. Sedwick-20. Restrepo-213. KM-100. Bagmarked and with several rim-nicks but not really worn. A muchsought series in which all the dates are rare (RRR and $5,000 in Sedwick). Schulman 11/79. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

320. Bogotá, Colombia, (16 pesos), 1852, encapsulated NGC AU-58, rare. Sedwick-20. Restrepo-213. KM-100. Highly lustrous and nicely struck, finest known specimen graded by NGC. A much-sought series in which all the dates are rare (RRR and $5,000 in Sedwick). Estimate: $3,000-up. 321. Bogotá, Colombia, (16 pesos), 1853, encapsulated NGC XF-40, rare. Sedwick-20. Restrepo-213. KM-100. Some weak strike in addition to marks and wear (per the grade), but the only known specimen graded by NGC. A much-sought series in which all the dates are rare (RRR and $5,000 in Sedwick). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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Granadine Confederation, 1858-1862 This brief government witnessed the inception of the Medellín mint, in 1862, whose 1 and 5 pesos with M mintmark (1.612 and 8.064 grams respectively) are among the rarest of all gold coins of independent Colombia. The Popayán mint also made a 2 pesos (3.225 grams) and a 10 pesos (16.129 grams), in addition to the very rare 5 pesos. Bogotá was limited to the 10 pesos and the famous 20 pesos, which, at 32.258 grams, is a very rare and highly sought one-year issue (1859) that was effectively the only large gold coin of this government.

1 peso

322. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1862-M, encapsulated NGC AU details, repaired, extremely rare, ONE KNOWN. Sedwick-21. Restrepo-230. KM-135. This is numismatic sleuthing at its best: In his book Frank stated: “Only two specimens, one of them damaged, have been recorded,” referring to his own coin and one that had been plated in KM for decades, showing a solder-mark in the center of the reverse and some natural flaws to the left of the date and at about 11 o’clock on the reverse. Had Frank examined his coin and the KM photo more carefully, however, he would have realized THEY WERE THE SAME COIN, just with some judicious repairs made to it sometime prior to his ownership. While condition freaks can argue over which is less distasteful—damage or repair—the inescapable fact is that this coin has therefore become UNIQUE, as no records of any other specimens have come to light either before Frank’s book or since. As a single-known specimen, then, this coin is missing in all other collections and effectively limitless in value, despite its condition. We look forward to letting the serious collectors decide its fate here and now. Estimate: $1,500-up.

2 pesos 323. Popayán, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1859-P, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-22. Restrepo-231. KM-127. Somewhat lustrous and with a few minor marks (per the grade), but still much better than the Eliasberg specimen (which was ex-jewelry), and in fact the only known specimen graded by NGC. Elusive 2-year type. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $600-$900.

10 pesos 324. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1859, encapsulated NGC XF-40. Sedwick-25. Restrepo234. KM-129.1. Typically weak centers, a few minor marks (per the grade), but the only known

specimen graded by NGC. Low mintage (3,481 pieces). Freeman Craig 4/79, and prior to that, Boulton & Co. (Caracas, ca. 1910). Estimate: $800-$1,200.

325. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1860, encapsulated NGC AU-53. Sedwick-25. Restrepo-234. KM-129.1.

Lustrous, nice fields, centers weak as usual, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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326. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1861, encapsulated NGC VF-35. Sedwick-25. Restrepo-234. KM-129.1. Nicely toned, with honest wear. Low mintage (834 pieces). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

327. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1858, encapsulated NGC MS-61. Sedwick-26. Restrepo-235. KM-129.2. Better strike than most, with high-relief hair, lustrous fields, sediment in letters, rather nice for this series. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

328. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1859, encapsulated NGC MS-61. Sedwick-26. Restrepo-235. KM-129.2. Spectacular luster (mirror fields) and not a lick of wear but with centers typically weak, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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329. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1860, encapsulated NGC XF-40. Sedwick-26. Restrepo-235. KM-129.2. Bagmarked but not overly worn for the grade, with toning around details, part of rim crude, including a sizable cud to the right of POPAYAN, only known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 330. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1862, encapsulated NGC VF-35. Sedwick-26. Restrepo-235. KM-129.2. Toned around letters, with typical central

weakness, honest wear. Estimate: $650-$950.

20 pesos

331. Bogotá, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1859, encapsulated NGC AU-50, very rare. Sedwick-27. Restrepo-236. KM-130. Lovely, satin-smooth fields with muted luster, slightly crude rims with minor bruise, a visually very imposing and impressive example of a popular one-year type, the largest coin of this government. Sedwick says: “Although some other Colombian gold coins are rarer, the 1859 Bogotá 20 pesos remains the most sought of all large Colombian gold coins, because it is a known rarity, a one-year type, a beautiful design with a youthful liberty head, and the only big gold coin of the Confederación Granadina.” About six specimens known from an original mintage of just 2,002 pieces, valued in XF in KM at $8,400, but also note that the Millennia specimen (Goldberg, 2008) in AU-58 sold for $18,000! Bowers & Ruddy 2/77 via Lou Collins 5/77, and prior to that Superior 6/74, where it sold for $6,750. Estimate: $7,500-up. 84


United States of Colombia, 1862-1886 This series is shorter than it sounds, as the coins were struck sporadically until 1878 and then not at all after that except for an extremely rare Medellín triptych of 2, 5 and 10 pesos in 1885-6 using dies modified from 1874 and struck in an unprecedented .666 fineness, of which the complete set in this auction (lots 347, 350 and 367) is the only one known to us. Prior to that, the Medellín mint made 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20-pesos coins in specified weights of 1.612, 3.225, 8.064, 16.129 and 32.258 grams respectively. The Medellín mint experimented with different legends in 1863-4 and with different designs in 1872-3 (although technically every date in every denomination can be distinctive, particularly in the 10 pesos), the latter dates characterized by some truly beautiful trial strikes engraved by Albert Barre in Paris, France. The Bogotá mint issued only 1, 10 and 20 pesos, and the Popayán mint issued only 10 and 20 pesos, both mints with several significant rarities. About the 20 pesos Sedwick had this to say: ���All…are in demand as the heaviest gold coins (along with the 20 pesos, 1859, of the Confederación Granadina) minted as circulating legal tender since the independence of Colombia.” It remains to be said that the gold coins of this government are the most variety-rich of all and could keep a dedicated numismatic researcher like Frank busy for an entire lifetime.

1 peso

332. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1863-M, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-28. Restrepo-321. KM-146.1. One-year type with obverse legend as ESTADOS UNIDOS DE COLOMBIA, bold strike, strong luster, no problems, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/75. Estimate: $500-$750. 333. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1864-M, encapsulated NGC XF details, tooled, rare. Sedwick-29. Restrepo-320. KM-146.2. One-year type with obverse legend as COLOMBIA only, from a reported mintage of only 1,072 pieces (valued in XF in KM at $2,000), this specimen with no worse than minor marks on the reverse but the bust supposedly slightly enhanced by tooling. Lepczyk 4/78. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

334. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1872, condor over shield, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-30. Restrepo-323. KM-unlisted (cf. 156). Excellent strike, no visible wear, good luster. KM lists only the overdate 1872/1, which this is not. Roberto Muhlenkamp 7/76. Estimate: $200$300. 335. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1872/1, condor only, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-31. Restrepo-unlisted (cf. 324). KM-157.1. Tied for finest known graded by NGC. Full details, nicely struck but with all surfaces grainy as struck from rusty dies. Roberto Muhlenkamp 7/76. Estimate: $250-$350.

336. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1873/2, condor only, encapsulated NGC AU-55, rare. Sedwick-31. Restrepo-324. KM-157.1. Nice strike, no wear, subdued luster. See note above. RRR and $1,000 in Sedwick, but Restrepo says it is only scarce (as apparently only the non-overdate is very rare). Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/80. Estimate: $300$400.

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337. Medellín, Colombia, 1 peso, 1873, condor only,

341. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1875, encapsulated NGC AU58. Sedwick-32. Restrepo-322. KM-157.2. Lustrous and well struck, tied for finest known graded by NGC. Coin Galleries 7/75. Estimate: $200$300.

encapsulated NGC XF-45, very rare. Sedwick-31. Restrepo-324. KM157.1. Nice for the grade, with very even wear and subtle toning, RRR in Sedwick, rare and unpriced in Restrepo. An AU, described as “one other known,” sold in the Abner Kreisberg auction of January 27-29, 1975, for $950. Roberto Muhlenkamp 3/77. Estimate: $350$500.

342. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1878, encapsulated NGC AU55, extremely rare. Sedwick-32. Restrepo-322. KM-157.2. No wear but slightly crude strike, only known specimen graded by NGC. RRRR in Sedwick; Restrepo does not list values and says “all might be fake,” but the present specimen is decidedly (and certified to be) genuine. Arguably the rarest of the 1-peso series. Estimate: $1,000-up.

338. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1872, encapsulated NGC AU55. Sedwick-32. Restrepo-322. KM-157.2. Slightly soft strike, with contrasting sediment around letters, slightly crude rims (as made), only known specimen graded by NGC. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $200-$300.

339. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1873, encapsulated NGC AU55. Sedwick-32. Restrepo-322. KM-157.2. Nice strike, minimal wear, tiny ding behind head. Roberto Muhlenkamp 4/76. Estimate: $200-$300.

343. Uniface white-metal die trial of the reverse of a Bogotá 1 peso (1871-78), encapsulated NGC MS-64, very rare. Sedwickunlisted (cf. 32). Restrepo-unlisted. KM-unlisted. Perfect details, lustrous and choice, struck on a greatly oversized matrix, unlisted in all references and possibly unique. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

340. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1874, encapsulated NGC AU-

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55. Sedwick-32. Restrepo-322. KM-157.2. Bright, butter-yellow color, nice strike, tied for finest known graded by NGC. Lou Collins 6/78. Estimate: $200-$300.

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2 pesos

344. Medellín, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1863-M, encapsulated NGC

347. Medellín, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1885/74, encapsulated NGC

AU details, rim filing, rare. Sedwick-33. Restrepo-325. KM-147. Choice strike in lovely orange-toned gold, no wear, but faint evidence of a removed mount at top. RR in Sedwick, one-year type with a mintage of only 2,996 pieces. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

XF details, damaged, extremely rare. Sedwick-35. Restrepo-327. KMA154a. With good details despite some central weakness and a small scrape in the field in front of the face (also a small cud on the rim), this coin stands as a competent example of the second-rarest in a much-touted three-piece set, joined by the slightly more-common 5 pesos 1885/74 (lot 350) and exceedingly rare 10 pesos 1886/74 (lot 367), which Frank treasured as some of his greatest finds. About the 2 pesos specifically, Sedwick’s book says RRRR and “only three known specimens and no auction records,” which is reflected in the fact that it was not listed at all in any reference books until 1983. Frank’s personal notes mention the existence of a fourth specimen in Venezuela. In any case, the 2, 5 and 10 pesos of 1885-6 stand alone as being struck in a surprising .666-fine gold (with the fineness stated on the coin punched over .900) as decreed by President Núñez during a financial crisis begun around 1880. The low gold content was unacceptable to the public, hence the few coins that did circulate largely ended up being melted. Per Sedwick: “In the long interval from 1878 to 1913, Colombia issued no gold coins except these three matching pieces” and “the survival of any of these .666 pieces is a miracle, for they were coins that nobody wanted, and were issued at a time when serious collectors of Colombian coins hardly existed.” It remains to be said that Frank never intended to sell the 2, 5 and 10 pesos as anything other than a complete set, because he could not imagine anyone ever reassembling such a set again. Admittedly against his wishes, we prefer instead to make it a challenge to see whether one savvy bidder can keep the set intact. Good luck! Estimate: $2,500-up.

345. Medellín, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1871, encapsulated NGC MS62. Sedwick-34. Restrepo-326. KM-A154. Perfect strike and preservation in lovely orange-toned gold, lustrous but apparently not enough to merit a higher Mint State grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

346. Medellín, Colombia, 2 pesos, 1872, encapsulated NGC MS63. Sedwick-34. Restrepo-326. KM-A154. Lustrous and perfectly struck, with nice orange toning, finest known specimen graded by NGC. William Donner 8/77. Estimate: $300-$450.

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5 pesos

348. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1863-M, encapsulated NGC MS-62, extremely rare and choice grade. Sedwick-36. Restrepo-329. KM-140. Legend with ESTADOS UNIDOS DE COLOMBIA, choice strike and exceptional flashy luster, an acknowledged rarity whose last

and possibly only known auction appearance was an XF in Stack's on September 16, 1982, that sold for $7150, now bested by our coin by several grades, ours being the only known specimen ever graded by NGC. RRRR in Sedwick, of course, but possibly not a one-year type as published there, for Frank's private notes mention an 1864 of this type on the market in 1994. Don Canaparo 1984. Estimate: $10,000-up.

349. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1864-M, encapsulated NGC XF details, obverse scratched, extremely rare. Sedwick-37. Restrepo328. KM-148. With simple COLOMBIA for obverse legend (effectively a one-year type, despite references to 1862 and 1863, about which

Sedwick said he had “never seen either one nor been able to document their existence,” this coin does have several rim-nicks and scratches on the cheek but is nonetheless well struck, nicely toned and not overly worn. RRRR in Sedwick, of course, and unpriced in both Restrepo and KM. For comparison, an XF sold in Eliasberg (2005) for $12,650, and a good VF with edge nick (very comparable to the present coin) sold in UBS in 2009 for about $7,500. Prior to that, per Sedwick: “The only specimen ever to appear at auction was a Very Fine that realized $5,000 at the then Bowers & Ruddy auction, February 18, 1977.” Estimate: $6,500-up.

350. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1885/74, encapsulated NGC XF details, reverse spot removed, very rare. Sedwick-38. Restrepo330. KM-163. A rather nicely detailed XF with a deliberate scrape to the right of PESOS (which NGC somewhat harshly referred to as “spot removed”), this is effectively the easiest denomination (RRR in Sedwick) of the extremely rare three-coin set of 1885-6 (the others being the 1885/74 2 pesos [lot 347] and 1886/74 10 pesos [lot 367]), struck in .666-fine gold (the stated fineness on the coin punched over .900). Surely the patient and advanced collector can locate another specimen; the challenge here is in keeping Frank’s three-coin set intact! Bowers & Ruddy 2/77 via Lou Collins 5/77. Estimate: $2,500-$3750.

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10 pesos

351. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1863, encapsulated NGC AU details, obverse scratched. Sedwick-39. Restrepo-331. KM-141.1. Unusual bust (distinctive for this year), beautiful bold strike and subdued luster, with tiny nick in cheek and scratches behind head. RR in Sedwick. Freeman Craig 5/80. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

352. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1864, encapsulated NGC XF details, scratches, extremely rare. Sedwick-39. Restrepo-331. KM-141.1. Toned around details and not overly worn, with faint scratches in front of face, this is a very acceptable example of a coin Frank called RRRR and “unknown until the Sotheby’s auction of May 18, 1990, in Geneva, Switzerland, where [it] appeared in Very Fine” and sold for about $5,500. In the face of this evidence, the values in KM are inexplicably low. Estimate: $3,500-up.

353. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1863, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-40. Restrepo-332. KM-141.3. Choice strike and preservation, rather lustrous, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Lou Hudson 8/78. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000. 89


354. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1864, encapsulated NGC AU-53. Sedwick-40. Restrepo-332. KM-141.3. A modicum of contact marks but no real wear, some muted luster. For comparison, an UNC sold in Norweb for $2,200. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 355. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1865, encapsulated NGC XF-45, rare. Sedwick-40. Restrepo-332. KM-141.3. Not really worn but with too many contact marks to make AU, yet with nice toning around the rims and the only known specimen graded by NGC. Sedwick’s RRR may have been overstated, but then again Norweb’s AU did sell for $1,320 in 1997. Estimate: $900-$1,200. 356. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1866, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-40. Restrepo-332. KM-141.3. Nicely toned and lustrous but with a hint of crudity (like the cud on the rim), still the finest known specimen graded by NGC. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 6/78. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

357. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1867, encapsulated NGC AU-58, rare. Sedwick-40. Restrepo-332. KM-141.3. Lustrous and attractive, minor striking flaw at DE in legend, finest known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick. Don Canaparo 1985. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

358. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1869, encapsulated NGC XF-45, rare. Sedwick-40. Restrepo-332. KM-141.3. Slightly crude strike with minor porosity, pre-striking scratches on reverse, some weak spots, but not overly worn and still somewhat lustrous, in fact the only known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick. Estimate: $900-$1,200.

359. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1864, encapsulated NGC AU-50, very rare. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-333. KM-141.2. Well-detailed strike but fraught with minor marks and rim-bruises, still rather lustrous and unworn. RRR in Sedwick. Roberto Muhlenkamp 3/76. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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360. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1867, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-333. KM-141.2. Rather nice strike, with hint of luster and toning, minor lamination flaw in shield, only known specimen graded by NGC. RR in Sedwick. Roberto Muhlenkamp 1/78. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 361. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1868, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-333. KM-141.2. Good strike, hints of luster. RR in Sedwick. Stack’s 8/76 (ANA sale). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 362. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1869, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-unlisted (cf. 333). KM-141.2. Choice strike, lustrous, and no wear at all (Mint State in our opinion), tied for finest known graded by NGC. RR in Sedwick, and Restrepo lists only the overdate 9/8, which this is not. We are keeping the estimate conservative, but we would like to point out that an AU-50 recently sold in Heritage (2010 ANA sale) for $2,530. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

364. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1873, encapsulated NGC XF details, bent. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-333. KM-141.4. With AB above

363. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1871, encapsulated NGC date for engraver Albert Barre, bold details with lots of tiny marks

AU-55. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-333. KM-141.2. Nice strike, lightly toned and somewhat lustrous, just a few minor marks to keep it from MS. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

(more like AU in terms of actual wear), with a hint of luster and toning, the stated bend so slight as to be undetectable inside the slab. RR in Sedwick, rare in Restrepo. Bowers & Ruddy 6/79 (Roy Harte collection). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

365. Pair of Medellín, Colombia, proof gilt-bronze uniface trial strikes (ESSAI), obverse and reverse, 10 pesos, 1873, encapsulated NGC PF-65 and PF-66. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-p. 226. KM-TS9 and TS10. Engraved by Albert Barre and struck in Paris, two beautiful proofs with flashy fields and frosty details, slabbed separately but clearly a matched pair that we will leave together as one lot, just the way Frank bought them in 1986. Stack’s 12/86 (lot 1428). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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366. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1876/5, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-41. Restrepo-334. KM-141.4. Choice grade but with grainy surfaces all over due to rusty dies. RR in Sedwick. Note that Restrepo and KM make a type-distinction in 1873, whereas Sedwick put all the 1864-1876 under one type with extensive notes about the differences for each date, as each one was distinct. Freeman Craig 4/79, and prior to that, Boulton & Co. (Caracas, ca. 1910). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

367. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1886/74, encapsulated NGC AU-53, extremely rare, finest known. Sedwick-42. Restrepo-335. KM141.2.a. Choice specimen, slightly softly struck but practically no wear, indisputably the finest known and the only specimen ever graded by

NGC. This is the crowning glory of the 1885-6 triumvirate (2, 5, and 10 pesos) struck in .666 gold (the stated fineness punched over .900), as decreed in 1885 by President Núñez during a financial crisis begun around 1880. Unlike the two smaller pieces, which are reeded, this 10 pesos bears incuse lettering DIOS . LEI . LIBERTAD on the edge. Also the relative axes are rotated about 30 degrees. Sedwick estimated that only three or four examples existed (Restrepo says two known), which may or may not include a scratched VF that sold in Goldberg in 2007 for $14,000. Frank bought the present specimen in the March 31, 1981, auction by Freeman Craig, who described it as possibly unique, unflawed, and worth about $15,000. A much higher price now is certainly conceivable, especially if the buyer wishes to preserve the threecoin set as Frank did, a feat he felt might never be repeated. Freeman Craig 3/81, and prior to that, José Méndez. Estimate: $15,000-up.

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20 pesos

368. Bogotรก, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1862, encapsulated NGC XF- 369. Bogotรก, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1863, encapsulated NGC XF45. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Nice strike, attractively toned, slightly crude rims (as made). RR in Sedwick. Freeman Craig 4/79, and prior to that, Boulton & Co. (Caracas, ca. 1910). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

45. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Good toning, nice for the grade. RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

370. Bogotรก, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1867, encapsulated NGC AU-53, rare. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Nice light toning and muted luster, a few small marks but no wear per se. RRR in Sedwick. Estimate: $3,000-$4,000.

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371. Bogotá, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1868, encapsulated NGC MS-62, rare grade. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Beautiful specimen with great luster, slight softness in centers, the only known specimen graded by NGC and clearly superior to the Eliasberg specimen (which was AU details). RRR in Sedwick, undervalued in KM. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 11/77. Estimate: $3,000-$4,000.

372. Bogotá, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1871, encapsulated NGC AU-58, rare. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Lustrous and rosy in color, a few minor marks away from MS, still the only known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick, with a mintage of only 1,641 pieces. Relative axes slightly rotated. Note that a “choice extremely fine” with “small metal flaw on neck” in Spink in September of 1980 sold for about $6,750. Estimate: $3,000-$4,000.

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373. Bogotรก, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1872, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Flashy with Mint State luster but slightly bagmarked, still the only known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick, with a reported mintage of only 1,471 pieces. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

374. Bogotรก, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1873, encapsulated NGC AU-53. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Lustrous and wear-free but with too many bagmarks for MS, still the only known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick, with a reported mintage of only 2,731 pieces. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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375. Bogotá, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1874, encapsulated NGC AU-53. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Lustrous and beautifully toned, a couple high points very slightly worn. RRR in Sedwick, with a reported mintage of only 1,656 pieces. Manfra Tordella & Brookes 11/78. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

376. Bogotá, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1875, encapsulated NGC XF45. Sedwick-43. Restrepo-336. KM-142.1. Good strike, with contrasting toning around details, but some minor marks per the grade. RRR in Sedwick, with a reported mintage of only 1,696 pieces. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

377. Medellín, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1868, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-44. Restrepo-337. KM-142.2. Slightly crude fields but no outright wear, ample luster, erroneously struck with the relative axes rotated about 30 degrees. RRR in Sedwick. Note there are two kinds of head for this date. Spink (Zurich) 11/79. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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378. Medellín, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1869, encapsulated NGC XF details, surface hairlines. Sedwick-44. Restrepo-337. KM-142.2. Good toning, some wear (per the grade), but no outright damage that we can see except for a minor rim-bruise. RR in Sedwick. Repunched 6 in date, and noticeably larger head than for the 1869/8 overdate, but different from the plain 1868. Per Sedwick: “The Medellín mint tended to be experimental.” Freeman Craig 4/79, and prior to that, Boulton & Co. (Caracas, ca. 1910). Estimate: $1,250-$1,500.

379. Medellín, Colombia, two-piece (obverse and reverse fused together at the mint) proof gilt-bronze trial strike 20 pesos, 1873, with NGC tag (ineligible type). Sedwick-45. Restrepo-p. 226. KM-TS11. With ESSAI to right of date and below the arms, and A.B. for engraver Albert Barre below the bust (struck in Paris). This was the cover piece for Sedwick’s book, as it is quite beautiful, a perfect proof in bright, lovely gold (over bronze, evidence of which can be witnessed in the form of tiny bits of verdigris here and there). As Sedwick says, this trial was struck in solid gold as well (specimens of which have sold at auction for as high as $10,000), in both years 1872 and 1873, and Restrepo says it was struck in silver too; but the main point in Sedwick’s book is that, whatever the metal, it was made three ways: as a normalsize, two-sided coin; as a pair of coin-thick unifaces, obverse and reverse; and—rarest of all—as the two coin-thick unifaces fused together at the mint to make one, double-thick specimen, which is what we have here (too thick for NGC to slab). Interestingly, while this trial matches what was adopted for the 10 pesos of 1873, the Medellín 20 pesos of 1873 is totally different. NASCA 12/79. Estimate: $1,500-up.

380. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1863, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Richly toned and still faintly lustrous, with slightly soft strike on Liberty’s ear and on the condor’s breast (as usual). RR in Sedwick. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

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381. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1868, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Lustrous and well preserved, but with the usual soft strike at high points, the only known specimen graded by NGC, and far superior to the Eliasberg specimen (which was VF details). RR in Sedwick. Stack’s 12/86. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

382. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1869/868, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-unlisted (cf. 142.3). Unlisted overdate in Sedwick. Fraught with minor marks from circulation but with full rims and details, decent for this series. ANA auction 8/77 (Kagin’s). Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

383. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1870, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Very lustrous and impressive but with slightly crude fields (as made), tied for finest known graded by NGC. Relative axes slightly rotated. Lou Collins 8/77. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

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384. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1871, encapsulated NGC 385. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1872, encapsulated NGC XF-45, rare. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Slight wear and marks (per the grade), with two minor rim-bruises, only known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick. Freeman Craig 4/79, and prior to that, Boulton & Co. (Caracas, ca. 1910). Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

AU-55. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Lustrous and beautiful, typically crude fields (as made) and a few minor marks but no wear. RR in Sedwick. Lou Collins 8/77. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

386. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1873, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Superb strike and blazing luster, faint hairlines in obverse fields, tied for finest known graded by NGC and clearly superior to the Millennia collection specimen in MS60 that sold for $4,140. RRR in Sedwick. Art Smith 7/79. Estimate: $3,500-up.

387. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1874/3, encapsulated NGC AU-50. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Lustrous and clearly not worn but with crude rims and many small marks. RRR in Sedwick Stack’s 8/76 (private treaty). Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

388. Popayán, Colombia, 20 pesos, 1875, encapsulated NGC AU-50. Sedwick-46. Restrepo-339. KM-142.3. Slightly crude strike with some wear, toned around details, with large but faint “X” in black ink on shield. RRR in Sedwick. Estimate: $1,500-$2,000.

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Modern Republic of Colombia (1900s) Colombia resumed striking gold coins in the boom of the early 20th century, starting with the somewhat defective “minero” (stonecutter) design of 1913-19, whose crouching figure on the obverse went flat after only minimal circulation. The coins that followed in 1919-24 bore a large head of Bolívar, with a much smaller and quite different rendition of Bolívar on the coins of 1924-30. The denominations and weights were a bit different from before: 2-1/2 pesos (3.994 grams), 5 pesos (7.988 grams) and 10 pesos (15.976 grams), all struck in .916-2/ 3 fineness to emulate the British sovereign series. More confusing than it sounds, the first two designs were struck at both the Medellín and Bogotá mints with either no mintmark (either mint), mintmark A (for the Department of Antioquia, hence Medellín) or mintmark B (for Bogotá). With the exception of a few rare issues, particularly the 1921-A 5 pesos, the Colombian gold coins of 1913-30 have always been considered more or less bullion issues, although high grades do command a premium.

2-1/2 pesos

389. Medellín, Colombia, 2-1/2 pesos, 1913, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-47. Restrepo-450. KM-194. “Stonecutter” (minero) design, which Sedwick calls “elusive in high grade.” According to Restrepo, the 1913’s were actually struck in 1914. The relative axes on this specimen are rotated about 30 degrees. Lustrous but not particularly high relief. Estimate: $175-$200. 390. Medellín, Colombia, 2-1/2 pesos, 1919-A (Antioquia), encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-48. Restrepo-451. KM-200. Large head of Bolívar. Lustrous and fully Mint State in our opinion, the only known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $175-$200. 391. Medellín, Colombia, 2-1/2 pesos, 1920-A (Antioquia), encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-48. Restrepo-451. KM-200. Lustrous and practically perfect, but with odd, slight bulge in metal above the condor. Estimate: $175-$200. 392. Bogotá, Colombia, 2-1/2 pesos, 1919, encapsulated NGC MS-61. Sedwick-49. Restrepo-451. KM-200. Just a hint of wear or weak strike on condor’s breast, lustrous as usual. Note that Restrepo and KM combine this Bogotá issue with the one struck in Medellín with mintmark A because they are the same design. Estimate: $175-$200.

393. Medellín, Colombia, 2-1/2 pesos, 1924, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-50. Restrepo-452. KM-203. Small head of Bolívar, with MEDELLÍN in tiny type under the truncation. Highly lustrous and perfect strike, just the letters of the mint name slightly indistinct. Estimate: $175-$200.

395. Medellín, Colombia, 2-1/2 pesos, 1928, encapsulated NGC

394. Medellín, Colombia, 2-1/2 pesos, 1927, encapsulated NGC MS-65. Sedwick-50. Restrepo-452. KM-203. Sheer perfection, with hint of toning and blazing luster, finest known specimen graded by NGC, the 2 and 7 of date clearly different in style and relief from the rest of the coin. Estimate: $175-$200.

MS-64, rare. Sedwick-50. Restrepo-452. KM-203. Bold strike and beautifully lustrous, with shadow of clashed dies on both sides, finest known specimen graded by NGC. RRR in Sedwick, who notes “quite rare but with little demand,” which must be why KM does not distinguish this date from the others. Restrepo, on the other hand, estimates it at $500 in UNC. The 2 and 8 in the date are much larger than the other digits. Estimate: $400-$600.

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5 pesos

396. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1913, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-51. Restrepo-453. KM-195.1. “Stonecutter” (minero). Lustrous and pretty but typically low relief, finest known specimen graded by NGC. According to Restrepo, the 1913’s were actually struck in 1914. Sedwick says on page 59: “The design of the minero…tended to wear badly, with the result that it is not easy to find a 5-pesos minero (or 21/2 pesos minero) in better condition than VF. Fully struck, choice Uncirculated minero specimens, especially if they have retained their edges, should bring a premium.” This specimen is clearly one of the premium coins he was referring to. Estimate: $400-$600. 397. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1917, medallic rotation, encapsulated NGC AU-55. Sedwick-51. Restrepo-453. KM-195.2. Lustrous but somewhat flat and marked in centers, an example of what Sedwick meant about how this type wore badly (see page 59 of his book). Estimate: $350-$400. 398. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1918, medallic rotation, encapsulated NGC XF-45. Sedwick-51. Restrepo-453. KM-195.2. Lustrous near rim but weak in centers (see Sedwick page 59), only known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $350-$400.

399. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1919, medallic rotation, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-51. Restrepo-453. KM-195.2. Choice and lustrous, one of the premium coins referred to by Sedwick on page 59, the only known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $400-$600. 400. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1919-B, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-52. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Large head of Bolívar. Lustrous and fully Mint State in our opinion. Scarce in Restrepo. Estimate: $350-$400. 401. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1920-B, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-52. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Bagmarked but beautifully lustrous, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $350-$400.

402. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1922-B, encapsulated NGC MS-61. Sedwick-52. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Nice luster and strike, just a few bagmarks. Estimate: $350-$400. 403. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1923-B, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-52. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Quite lustrous and well struck, just a few bagmarks. Estimate: $350-$400. 404. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1924-B, encapsulated NGC MS-60. Sedwick-52. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Near prooflike luster, some bagmarks. Note the relative axes are rotated about 30 degrees. Estimate: $350-$400. 405. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1919, encapsulated NGC MS-61. Sedwick-53. Restrepo454. KM-201.1. Faintly toned, with muted luster and some bagmarks. Note that Restrepo and KM combine this Medellín issue with the one struck in Bogotá with mintmark B because they are the same design. Estimate: $350-$400.

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406. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1919-A (Antioquia), encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-53. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Hint of toning, slightly crude rims as made, muted luster. Estimate: $350-$400. 407. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1920, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-53. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Lustrous but very slightly worn, only known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $350-$400. 408. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1920-A (Antioquia), encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-53. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Hint of toning, good luster, fully Mint State in our opinion. Estimate: $350-$400.

409. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1921-A (Antioquia), encapsulated NGC MS-62, rare. Sedwick-53. Restrepo-454. KM-201.1. Lustrous and choice (the reverse rim maybe a tiny bit crude), in beautiful butter-yellow gold, finest known graded by NGC, and an acknowledged rarity of which Frank’s notes say “less than 100 coined, less than 10 known”; word on the street, however, has it that 13 specimens residing in the Banco de Venezuela were released in 1990, and probably at least a dozen more exist in private hands (just not as nice as this one!). Roberto Muhlenkamp 7/77. Estimate: $1,000-up.

410. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1924, large 2, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Small head of Bolívar. Superb strike, with deep and almost prooflike luster, the only known specimen graded by NGC. This is the only variety with large 2 in the date, so that is all that is noted in the slab, but the 4 is large as well. Estimate: $350-$400. 411. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1924, normal date, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Hint of toning, nice luster. Normal-sized 2 and 4 in date. The mint name from here forward (but not on the large-2 variety [previous lot]) looks like “MFDFLLIN”, as noted in KM. Estimate: $350-$400. 412. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1924, large 4, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Superb strike and prooflike luster, a real gem. Large 4 but normal-sized 2 in date. Estimate: $350-$400.

413. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1925, encapsulated NGC MS-65. Sedwick-54. Restrepo455. KM-204. Lightly toned, perfectly struck, and blazingly lustrous. Normal-shaped 5 in date (narrow date). Estimate: $350-$400.

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414. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1925, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Supremely lustrous and wellstruck, with hint of toning. Note that KM distinguishes the date varieties for 1925 as “wide” and “narrow,” but Sedwick calls this wide-date variety “S-shaped 5”. Estimate: $350-$400. 415. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1926, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Lustrous and well struck, with the 2 and 6 of date faintly re-punched. Estimate: $350-$400. 416. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1927, encapsulated NGC MS-64. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Bright and lustrous, with slightly crude flags and tiny pecks on cheekbone. Normal-height 7. Note that Sedwick and Restrepo do not recognize date-variants for 1927, and KM says “wide or narrow,” as the low 7 in the next lot is spaced a little more to the right as well. Estimate: $350-$400. 417. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1927, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Good strike, lightly toned, muted luster. Low 7 in date (see previous lot for explanation). Estimate: $350-$400.

418. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1928, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Brightly lustrous, choice strike. Estimate: $350-$400. 419. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1929, encapsulated NGC MS-65. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Gem BU with near prooflike luster. Estimate: $350-$400. 420. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1930, encapsulated NGC MS-65. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Super lustrous (prooflike) and choice. Per Sedwick, this is “normal-height 3” (Restrepo does not distinguish the date-variants and KM simply says “varieties known with aligned date or dropped 3 in date”). Estimate: $350-$400. 421. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1930, encapsulated NGC MS-62. Sedwick-54. Restrepo-455. KM-204. Nice strike, muted luster. Low 3 in date per Sedwick (see previous lot for explanation). Estimate: $350-$400.

10 pesos

422. Medellín, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1919, encapsulated NGC 423. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1924-B, encapsulated NGC AU-58. Sedwick-55. Restrepo-456. KM-202. Large head of Bolívar. Bagmarks, muted luster. Note that Restrepo and KM do not make a type-distinction between the Medellín and Bogotá (the latter with B mintmark) issues for the 10 pesos, as they are the same design. Estimate: $700-$800.

AU-58. Sedwick-56. Restrepo-456. KM-202. Lustrous and well struck, just a little bagmarked on the obverse. Estimate: $700-$800.

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Proof sets (NCLT), 1968-present The Colombian gold coins of 1968 to present are known as Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) issues, meaning their gold value was theoretically equivalent to their stated denominations but in practice they were not made to circulate like normal coins. They were generally struck in flawless Proof and were intended to stay that way, else they became no better than melt gold. It is arguable that Colombia’s NCLT issues of the latter half of the 20th century inspired not just Frank but an entire generation of numismatists to collect Colombian gold coins.

424. Bogotá, Colombia, 1968 International Eucharistic Congress Commemorative set (“Pope set”) of 100, 200, 300, 500 and 1,500 pesos proofs (5 coins) in original custom case. Sedwick-57 through 61. Restrepo-p. 288. KM-231 through 235. Five cameo Proofs, all perfect or nearly so (as the 500 pesos has some spots of red), issued to commemorate the thirty-ninth International Eucharistic Congress in Bogotá with a portrait of Pope Paul VI on each obverse, minted by Numismatica Italiana in Milan. Per Sedwick: “The complete Pope set in its original, plush case usually sells at the spot price of its gold content plus 20%.” Total weight of 111.8 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $4,000$5,000.

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425. Bogotá, Colombia, 1969 Liberation Campaign (Battle of Boyacá) 150th Anniversary Commemorative set (“Generals set”) of 100, 200, 300, 500 and 1,500 pesos proofs (5 coins) in original custom case, specimen #45 of 6,000. Sedwick-62 through 66. Restrepo-pp. 288-9. KM-238 through 242. Five cameo Proofs, four of them perfect but the 300 pesos very lightly cleaned, issued to commemorate the sesquicentennial of 1819 Independence (specifically the Battle of Boyacá) with portrait of Bolívar on each obverse and a different General on the reverse. Per Sedwick: “The complete Generals set in its original, plush case usually sells at the spot price of its gold content plus 25%.” Total weight of 111.8 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $4,000-$5,000.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

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426. Bogotá, Colombia, 1971 VI Panamerican Games in Cali Commemorative set of 100, 200, 300, 500 and 1,500 pesos proofs (5 coins) in original custom case in green (rare, one of only 48 made). Sedwick-67 through 71. Restrepo-p. 289. KM-248 through 252. Five perfect cameo Proofs, issued to commemorate the Olympics-style Panamerican games that took place in Cali in 1971, with various events depicted on the smaller denominations and other icons on the larger ones, culminating in the famous “Muisca raft” on the massive 1,500 pesos. Widely acknowledged as the scarcest of the three early Colombian proof sets, the key to this lot in particular is its rare original presentation case in green, one of only 48 made for distribution in Europe only (the ones for Colombian distribution are red), although regrettably this case is slightly damaged on the outside from storage in plastic. Per Sedwick: “About half the issue was initially unsold and reportedly melted—and merits a premium of 50% over the spot price of its gold content.” Total weight of 111.8 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $5,000-$6,000.

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427. Colombia, 1973 Guiller mo Valencia Centennial Commemorative set of 1,000, 1,500 and 2,000 pesos proofs (3 coins) in original custom case. Sedwick-72 through 74. Restrepo-p. 289. KM-254, 256 and 257. Three perfect Proofs (not cameo), issued to commemorate the centennial of the birth of the Colombian poet Guillermo Valencia, with POPAYAN in fields but struck by the Royal Canadian Mint, valued in Sedwick at 15% over spot price in original case. Total weight of 25.8 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $1,000$1,250.

428. Colombia, 1973 Bank of the Republic 50th Anniversary Commemorative (“Urn”) 1,500 pesos proof in original custom case. Sedwick-75. Restrepo-p. 290. KM-255. Problem-free Proof (not cameo), issued to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Bank of the Republic, the home of the famous Gold Museum in which resides the pre-Columbian urn that appears on the obverse, struck by the Royal Canadian Mint, valued in Sedwick at 12% over the spot price in original case. Weight of 19.1 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $750-$950.

429. Colombia, 1975 Santa Mar ta 450th Anniversar y 430. Colombia, 1975 Medellín Tricentennial Commemorative Commemorative set of 1,000 and 2,000 pesos proofs (2 coins) in original custom cases. Sedwick-76 and 77. Restrepo-p. 290. KM-259 and 261. Two perfect cameo Proofs, issued to commemorate the 450th anniversary of the founding of the coastal city of Santa Marta in 1525, minted by Valcambi Chiasso of Switzerland and valued in Sedwick at 20% over the spot price in original case. Total weight of 12.9 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $500-$650.

set of 1,000 and 2,000 pesos proofs (2 coins) in original custom case. Sedwick-78 and 79. Restrepo-p. 290. KM-260 and 262. Two perfect cameo Proofs, the only square coins ever made for Colombia, issued to commemorate the tricentennial of the founding of the city of Medellín, minted by Valcambi Chiasso of Switzerland and valued in Sedwick at 15% over the spot price in original case. Total weight of 12.9 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $500-$650.

431. Colombia, 1980 Simón Bolívar Sesquicentennial Commemorative set of 15,000 (2) and 30,000 pesos proofs (3 coins) in original custom case. Sedwick-81 through 83. Restrepo-p. 291. KM-276, 278 and 279. Three perfect cameo Proofs, issued to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the death of Simón Bolívar in 1830. Per Sedwick: “The mintage of only 500 of each for the smaller coins is lower than the 1,000 mintage of the larger coin, a reversal of the normal marketing procedure. Also, only 200 cases were produced, the rest of the coins having been sold unembellished. The demand for this set has always been substantial (many South Americans collect any coin referring to Bolívar) and it is seldom available, even at double the price of its gold content.” Total weight of 69.12 grams of .900 gold. Estimate: $3,000-up. 108


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110


Session III: Wednesday, April 27, 2011, 10:30 a.m. EDT Shipwreck Ingots Gold Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

1.5X

500. Small gold disk, 216.4 grams, marked XIX• (19-1/4K). Approx. 2-1/2" in diameter A very cute little ingot, with bold fineness but no other markings, the top side smooth but the bottom cratered from countless bubbles, one of which (in the center) was so big as to create a hump on the smooth side, prompting the Fishers to certify this as a “sombrero disk”! Lovely, rich gold color, compact in size but almost exactly the weight of eight 8 escudos (so think about how much those would be worth!). From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #MF65-007. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina 501. Small gold nuggets, 0.5 gram, in official capsule. Just two small nuggets with a couple tiny flakes, adding up to the required half-a-gram for this popular promotional unit that more commonly features a “pinch” of dust. From the S.S. Central America (1857), officially encapsulated by Collectors Universe. Estimate: $70-$100.

California river find (1990) 502. Natural gold nugget (flat), 42.1 grams. About 1" square. A flat but hefty chunk of natural gold, smooth and rounded from centuries of tumbling in the river, probably around 85%-95% pure. Found in 1990 at the middle fork of the American River, California. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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Silver “Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk in 1550 in the northern Caribbean

503. Small silver “splash” ingot #H, 476 grams, with crowned-C tax stamp and fineness IIU CCC L (2350/ 2400, 97.9% fine). About 4-3/4" to 5" in diameter. Typically very thin, oval in shape and with several small, raised blobs on top surface, which features full fineness and tax stamps, prominent right-angle cut from edge for assayer’s “bite,” not too much corrosion. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with Sedwick certificate from 2008. Estimate: $600-$900.

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo

504. Large silver “splash” ingot with partial tax stamp, 3164 grams. About 10" in diameter. Broad, flat, roundish ingot with typical “drip blobs” on top surface that also bears a small, circular tax stamp (unreadable) and much toning, light corrosion overall, some encrustation on bottom, impressive size for a “splash.” From an unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

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Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

505. Large silver bar #718, Class Factor 1.0, 88 lb 4.48 oz troy.

14" x 5-1/4" x 3-1/2". Choice specimen with bold, clear markings, including manifest number DLXXXIIII, fineness IIUCLXXX (2380/2400), foundry/date oP1622, diamond-topped AR monogram “sigla” for owner Arriola, silvermaster’s mark V (de Vreder), tax stamps and (best of all) assayer mark IVo.SSE. / MEXIA for Juan Sanchez Mexia (as deciphered by Jorge Proctor in the 1st quarter, 2010, issue of PLVS VLTRA newsletter), plus the usual “double scoop” assayer’s “bite” in the middle, no corrosion, nicely toned, with small pieces of encrustation and what look like contemporaneous plugs on one side. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher photo-certificate #718. Estimate: $25,000-$35,000.

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506. Large silver bar #176, Class Factor 0.8, 84 lb 0 oz troy. 15-1/2" x 5-1/2" x 3-1/2". A much more neatly cast bar than normal, with relatively clear markings, including manifest number DCLXXIII (very bold), corroded fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/ 2400), owner’s “sigla” AS in monogram (Salgado), silvermaster’s mark V (de Vreder), several tax stamps and unclear assayer and foundry/date cartouches, plus a cylindrical assayer’s “bite” at one end (hence manufactured in Oruro, which is scarcer), all lightly toned with somewhat bubbly texture from corrosion. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher photo-certificate #176. Estimate: $25,000-$30,000. 507. Large silver bar #893, Class Factor 0.8, 73 lb 5.92 oz troy. 13-1/2" x 4-1/2" x 3-1/2". Relatively compact ingot with smooth top surface that features mostly bold markings, including manifest number IIUXXXVI, fineness IIUCCCLXX (2370/2400), foundry/date oP1622, AR-monogram “sigla” for owner Arostegui, silvermaster’s mark V (de Vreder), tax stamps and various other markings (assayer mark unclear), plus the usual “double scoop” assayer’s “bite” in the middle, nicely toned and not overly corroded, much better than its Class Factor indicates. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher photo-certificate #893. Estimate: $20,000-$25,000. 508. Large silver bar #197, Class Factor 1.0, approx. 60 lb troy (pieces removed from bottom). Approx. 14" x 5-1/4" x 3". This piece represents a sort of “halfway” between an intact bar and the “slices” created by cutting off all but the marked top and melting the rest down to make “genuine Atocha silver” replica pieces, which is what the owner was doing, just little by little, as the bottom side is crudely chipped away toward one end, which nevertheless revealed an interesting internal bubble hole. The top side is fairly well marked, with manifest number DCCL, fineness IIUCCCLXXX followed by unclear assayer cartouche, owner’s “sigla” A with extra horizontal bars (Ucarraga), co-owner’s “sigla” diamond-topped T, silvermaster’s mark V (de Vreder) and two tax stamps, plus the usual “double scoop” assayer’s “bite” in the middle, nicely toned with a minimum of corrosion. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher photo-certificate #197. Estimate: $15,000-$20,000.

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115


Concepción, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola

509. Silver “splash” ingot with coral and Mexican 8R cob encrusted onto one side. 313 grams, approx. 4" x 5". Unique artifact with beautifully preserved coin facing shield-side out, with clear mintmark oM and denomination 8, backed by a patch of white, tan and greenish coral impregnating the bubbly surface of a crudely shaped ingot, whose other side is of a totally different, almost ribbed texture, also laden with coral, with natural hole in center also coral-coated, a one-of-a-kind item that displays so well the whim of the sea. From the Concepción (1641), with Sea Treasures photo-certificate. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

510. Silver “wedge” ingot with heavy encrustation, 1905 grams. Approx. 6" x 4" x 4". Very impressive display consisting of a shelly and wormy concretion (with small, stable fissure) on the side of a clean, gray, unmarked wedge that feels lighter than it looks because of its composition of silver amalgam, which is much less dense than solid silver, its wedge shape possibly due to a mold used at that stage of the refining process and not necessarily for arraying in an 8-piece circle of contraband in the false bottom of a barrel as popularly believed. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

511. Silver “wedge” ingot, 768 grams, encrusted (uncleaned). Approx. 5" x 3" x 2". Looking for all the world like a gray slice of moldy cheesecake, this uncleaned ingot is composed of silver amalgam, much less dense than solid silver, its wedge shape possibly due to a mold used at that stage of the refining process and not necessarily for arraying in an 8-piece circle of contraband in the false bottom of a barrel as popularly believed, this specimen with several shells embedded in the thick encrustation. From the San José (1733 Fleet), with photo-certificate #S-10.1284.2 from the salvager, whose find is mentioned in his book Following the Lure of the Galleon Treasures, a signed and numbered copy of which accompanies this lot, as well as a small wooden display chest. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 512. Silver “wedge” ingot, 761 grams, encrusted (uncleaned). Approx. 4-1/3" x 3" x 2-1/2". Looking for all the world like a gray slice of moldy cheesecake, this uncleaned ingot is composed of silver amalgam, much less dense than solid silver, its wedge shape possibly due to a mold used at that stage of the refining process and not necessarily for arraying in an 8-piece circle of contraband in the false bottom of a barrel as popularly believed, this specimen with one big shell and raised chunk of coral on top of the thick encrustation. From the San José (1733 Fleet), with photo-certificate #S-10.12-84.1 from the salvager, whose find is mentioned in his book Following the Lure of the Galleon Treasures, a signed and numbered copy of which accompanies this lot, as well as a small wooden display chest. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 513. Silver “wedge” ingot, 687 grams, encrusted (uncleaned). Approx. 4" x 3-1/2" x 1-3/4". Looking for all the world like a gray slice of moldy cheesecake, this uncleaned ingot is composed of silver amalgam, much less dense than solid silver, its wedge shape possibly due to a mold used at that stage of the refining process and not necessarily for arraying in an 8-piece circle of contraband in the false bottom of a barrel as popularly believed, this specimen very neatly encrusted but with one large, white shell protruding. From the San José (1733 Fleet), with photo-certificate #S-10.12-84.3 from the salvager, whose find is mentioned in his book Following the Lure of the Galleon Treasures, a signed and numbered copy of which accompanies this lot, as well as a small wooden display chest. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England

514. Neatly formed silver ingot, 1964 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Amsterdam chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.), unique with VOC stamp double-struck. Approx. 6" x 1-1/2" x 1-1/4". Well-preserved (no corrosion), with very bold markings enhanced by contrasting toning, with the VOC stamp struck twice (first time we have seen that), the plugged end of the bar planed nearly smooth by the Dutch but with some orange encrustation in a small crevice there. From the Rooswijk (1739), with tag and certificate #RK04A0442. Estimate: $3,000-$4,000. 515. Neatly formed silver ingot, 1952 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Amsterdam chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.). Approx. 6" x 1-1/2" x 1-1/4". Very neatly shaped but lightly corroded all over, still with clear markings, sharply clipped end with hollow cavity filled with coral. From the Rooswijk (1739), with tag and certificate #RK05A50373. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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Bredenhof, sunk in 1753 off Mozambique

516. Silver bar, 687 grams, about 98.5% fine, with stamps of the Middelburg chamber of the VOC (Dutch East India Co.). Approx. 6" x 1-1/2" x 1-1/4". Nicely toned and boldly marked ingot but with both ends heavily corroded and jagged in shape, amazingly intact otherwise. From the Bredenhof (1753), with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

Copper Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

517. Large copper ingot #2466, 30 lb. Approx. 12" x 8" x 3". A big loaf of dark brown copper loaded with green and white encrustation all over, a bit more regular in shape than usual (most are just round piles), with original TSI number stamped on the bottom (hard to read, but starts with A85) but also accompanied by original TSI plastic tag with proper number. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher photo-certificate #2466. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

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Shipwreck Silver Coins Egyptian galley wreck ca. 88 B.C. off the coast of ancient Phoenicia 518. Lot of 28 Egyptian tetradrachms, Ptolemy X (ca. 11080 BC). 290.9 grams total. Each of these coins bears the head of Ptolemy on the obverse and an eagle on the reverse, but all the coins in this lot are corroded and indistinct (some with pieces missing), uncleaned, still good for resale and scarce as from an ancient wreck. Estimate: $600-$900.

Unidentified mid- to late 3rd century Roman wreck off Caesarea (Israel) 519. Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, antoninianus, Gordian III (238-244 AD). RIC 91; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian with legend IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG on obverse, with Gordian in military dress standing right with spear and globe and legend PM TR P III COS II PP on reverse, Fine for wear, no corrosion but some bits of sediment, quite nice for sea salvage. Found in the 1960s during archeological excavations. Estimate: $125-$300. RSC 242 3.9 grams.

From the Flor do Mar, sunk in 1511 off Sumatra, Indonesia 520. Lot of 30 Portuguese Malaccan tin coins, Manuel I (1495-1521). 88 mix of sizes and designs, all encrusted (some white) and uncleaned, generally considered pseudo-coins because it is unclear whether they were officially authorized by Portugal or were just local issues imitating Portuguese designs. From the Dr. E. Lee Spence collection. Estimate: $300-$450. grams total. A

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“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk in 1550 in the northern Caribbean

521. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late 522. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” G to left, M to right. S-M2; KM-18; CT-80. 12.7 grams. Huge, round flan with full legends (some weak spots) and inner details, virtually no corrosion, nicely toned, VF for actual wear. Estimate: $400-$600.

Series,” M to left, G to right. S-M5; KM-12; CT-112. 6.6 grams. Broad, thin flan with full legends (weakly struck in places), choice full inner details, no corrosion, beautifully toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

Spanish 1554 Fleet off Padre Island, Texas

523. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oMo to left, oGo to right, king’s name as CHAROLVS. S-M2; KM-18; CT-83. 11.9 grams. Full legends and inner details but lightly to moderately corroded all over and with no contrast (lightly toned), two small edge-splits. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 25-26, 2008, with lot-tag #199. Estimate: $250-$375.

525. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9; KM-18; CT-84. 11.4 grams. Decent details (especially the centers) despite the typically dark and rusty surfaces, some of which is encrustation but mostly is “horn silver.” Estimate: $150-$225.

526. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late 524. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” G to left, M to right. S-M2; KM-18; CT-80. 11.5 grams. Good full legends and inner details, light corrosion all over, dull gray toning without much contrast on shield side. With certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

Series,” G to left, M to right. S-M5; KM-12; CT-111. 3.9 grams. Choice full details (even the legends) despite light corrosion all over, with nicely contrasting toning. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $175-$250.

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Santiago, sunk in 1585 off Mozambique, east of Africa

527. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right. S-M10; KM-18; CT-88. 6.1 grams. Good shield, bold assayer and king’s name, but parts of the edge and all of the pillars side heavily corroded, a bit silvery. With certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

528. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip II, oM to left, assayer not visible. KM-31. 4.5 grams. Well-detailed full shield and cross, bold oM, not really corroded except for missing part of edge. With certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

529. Granada, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible. 9.4 grams. The perfect “one-sided coin,” as the cross is 100% complete, uncorroded, nicely toned and just gorgeous, whereas the obverse is a total zero due to heavy pitting. With certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

530. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer M-incircle. 9.3 grams. Good full shield with clear assayer below oT mintmark to left, denomination to right, patches of black encrustation, decent full cross despite some heavy pits, small parts of edge missing. With certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

Unidentified ca.-1590 wreck off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico 531. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer O to right, scarce. S-M11; KM-36; CT-333. 13.4 grams. Choice, broad-flan specimen with excellent full shield, bold oMO to right, king’s ordinal II in legend, and a super cross as well, all nicely toned and nearly corrosion-free. With Sedwick photocertificate from 2003. Estimate: $275-$400.

Unidentified early-1600s wreck off Punta Santa Elena, Ecuador 532. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, *-oD to right. SCorroded all over (and accordingly thin) but with full cross and most of shield still visible, toned. Estimate: $60-$90. L4; KM-9; CT-489. 4.9 grams.

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“Rill Cove wreck,� sunk ca. 1618 off Cornwall, England 533. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III, assayer F. 21.4 grams. Bold full shield and cross, clear oMF to left, flat peripheries, light corrosion only, contrastingly toned. With certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Mexico

536. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer 534. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)20D, Grade-2 quality but no Grade on certificate. S-M18; KM-44.3; CT-117. 24.1 grams. Bold 20 of date, good full cross, most of shield, weak oMD, uneven planchet, light corrosion but a few small pits. With original Fisher certificate #181431 (missing photo and Grade). Estimate: $400-$600.

535. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1622D, Grade 1, rare. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-unl. (Type 94). 23.7 grams. Classic barrelshaped flan with choice full shield and cross, clear date (very desirable as the date of the wreck), bold oMD, light corrosion only and typically silvery. With original Fisher certificate #183567. Estimate: $600-$900.

not visible, Grade-2 or 3 quality but original certificate missing (replaceable). KM-37.2. 7.1 grams. Good full cross with curious dark encrustation, full shield with clear oM to left and 4 to right, thin from moderate corrosion. With Fisher tag #193408. Estimate: $150-$225.

537. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible, Grades 1 and 2. KM-32.2. 3.9 and 2.5 grams. Good shields and crosses despite moderate corrosion and thinning, one toned and the other silvery. With original Fisher certificates #134950 and 138753. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

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538. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II or III, assayers F and (oD), very rare, especially from this wreck, Grade 1. 2.9 grams. Full and bold shield with clear denomination I above assayer F to left, weak (o)M(oD) to right, good full cross, minor spots of light corrosion only, first specimen of this rare dual-assayer issue that we recall from the Atocha. With Fisher certificate #95A-1703. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 539. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip III, assayer F to right, Grade 2(+), rare denomination for this wreck. KM27.2. 3.2 grams. No corrosion (hence more like Grade 1) but two flat areas and typically shiny, with nice full shield and cross, bold assayer F and most of king’s name in legend. With Fisher photo-certificate #95A-0931. Estimate: $600-$900. 540. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip III, assayer D, Grade 2(-), very rare denomination from this wreck. S-M18 1.6 grams. Truncated edge all around due to corrosion (more like Grade 3, in our opinion), but with decent and nearly full shield and cross, clear oMD, lightly toned. With Fisher certificate #85A-228972. Estimate: $500-$750.

Lima 541. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-oD to right, Grade-2 or 3 quality but original certificate missing (replaceable). S-L4; KM-14. 16.8 grams. Good full shield and cross, clear P-oD, nicely struck as usual but with very small pieces of edge missing and lightly corroded (but nicely toned) all over. With Fisher tag #237483. Estimate: $350-$500. 542. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-ii to left, oD-* to right, Grade-1 quality (certificate missing but replaceable). S-L4; KM-9; CT-490. 6.2 grams. Perfectly round and typically well detailed (full shield and cross), a bit worn but not really corroded. With original Fisher tag #109052. Estimate: $400-$600. 543. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, oD-(*) to right, Grade 3, interesting shape, mounted in 14K gold necklace bezel. S-L4; KM-9; CT-490. 7.7 grams total. Very interesting piece in that a crescent-shaped segment of the edge was eaten away by corrosion, enabling a unique bezel design, while the rest of the coin was largely unaffected and shows nice details (near complete shield and cross), also with the oD assayer clearly visible. With original Fisher certificate #231637 (mistakenly attributed as a 4 reales). Estimate: $600-$900.

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Potosí 8R

544. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd 547. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R period), Grade-1 quality but Grade 2 on certificate. S-P10; KM-5.1. 26.5 grams. Choice full shield and cross (the latter doubled on one arm), much legend including king’s name, NO corrosion. With original Fisher certificate #114574. Estimate: $300-$450.

(curved leg), Grade 1. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 26.4 grams. Great full shield and cross, bold P-R, 100% corrosion-free but typically silvery, uneven flan. With original Fisher certificate #134471. Estimate: $400-$600.

545. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer RL, 548. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M, Grade 1. S-P13; KM-5.1. 26.2 grams. Impressively broad flan with bold full inner details, full crown, much legend, nicely toned and with only minor corrosion in places. With original Fisher certificate #156201. Estimate: $500-$750.

encapsulated NGC Fine details / environmental damage, cleaned, probably Grade 1, certificate missing but replaceable. Good full crown and shield, full but crude cross, some toning but mostly silvery, no corrosion but some flat spots. With Fisher tag #85A-117889. Estimate: $400-$600.

546. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg), Grade 1. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 26.6 grams. Good full shield and cross, no corrosion but unusually thick, which puts the legends off the planchet entirely. With Fisher photocertificate #163362. Estimate: $400-$600.

549. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M, Grade-1 quality but Grade 2 on certificate. 26.8 grams. Very broad flan with full legends, including what appears to be DGDYHY after the king’s name, good full shield and cross, no corrosion but odd shape (as made) with notch in edge. With original Fisher certificate #134384. Estimate: $300-$450.

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553. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1618)PAL, rare, Grade 550. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617M, Grade 1.

S-P19;

KM-10; CT-129. 24.0 grams. Very bold full date, the cross also bold

and full and also toned but lightly corroded, full and welldetailed and uncorroded shield on the other side. With original Fisher certificate #174094. Estimate: $500-$750.

1. S-P20; KM-10; CT-130. 26.0 grams. Bold P-PAL to left of nice full shield, good full cross, practically no corrosion but silvery as usual. With original Fisher certificate #192200. Estimate: $600$900.

554. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16(18)PAL, rare, Grade551. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (161)7M, date at 8 o’clock, Grade 1. S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 26.2 grams. Early variant with reverse legend rotated counterclockwise 90 degrees, with bold 7 of date followed by a large 8-pointed star, nice full shield and cross, bold P-M, no corrosion, spot of pink toning. With original Fisher certificate #134525. Estimate: $400-$600.

1 quality but original certificate missing (replaceable). SP-PAL to left of full shield, to the right of which is the full king’s name and ordinal as FILIPVS III (first time we have seen it with an F), also nice full cross with much legend on that side too but only the bottom of the 16 of the date, nicely toned and no corrosion. With Fisher tag #134546. Estimate: $500-$750.

552. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1618PAL, rare, Grade 1.

555. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)61(8)T/PAL, Grade

S-P20; KM-10; CT-130. 26.9 grams. Bold P-PAL to left (with small P

2, very rare. S-P20; KM-10; CT-130. 23.2 grams. Squarish flan due to edge-loss (otherwise uncorroded), with full and clear P-T/ PAL to left of nice full shield, bold full cross with full 61 of date. With original Fisher certificate #231536. Estimate: $800$1,200.

punched over a larger P for the mintmark) of full shield below full crown, good full cross with clear date showing a full 161 and bottom half of 8 in a rather unaligned pattern, no corrosion but typically silvery. With original Fisher certificate #237197. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

P20; KM-10; CT-130. 26.5 grams. Bold

126


559. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1620T, Grade “1+++++” 556. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)618T, Grade 2. S-P21; (150 points), with original 1979 photo-certificate (rare). SKM-10. 23.9 grams. Oval flan with choice full shield and cross (both very slightly doubled), clear bottom half of 618 of date, very light corrosion all over. With original Fisher certificate #124395. Estimate: $500-$750.

P21; KM-10; CT-137. 24.6 grams. Very odd coin that is shaped like a full bag with cinched top, weak centers but very bold legends, including king’s name (with backwards P’s) and ordinal III and full date, toned all over, with minimal corrosion but certainly a far cry from top Grade-1 quality as indicated on the certificate (probably among the best they had found prior to the “mother lode”). With hand-signed Fisher photo-certificate #675 from 1979. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

557. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619(T), Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10; CT-133. 25.0 grams. Small, thick flan with full shield and crown and cross, 100% full 1619 date crammed into a small area, toned, with minor spots of corrosion here and there. With original Fisher certificate #167897. Estimate: $500-$750.

560. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)20T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10; CT-137. 26.1 grams. Good full shield and cross, bold bottom half of 20 of date, corrosion-free except for part of edge. With Fisher/Miguel certificate #85A-213850. Estimate: $600-$900.

558. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619T, Grade 2.

S-P21;

Broad flan with nice full shield, bold king’s ordinal III, clear P+T, cross side weak (light corrosion) but with full date, silvery. With original Fisher certificate #204887. Estimate: $400-$600.

KM-10; CT-133. 25.7 grams.

561. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1620T, upper half of shield and quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10; CT-137. 26.4 grams. Bold date and P+T, good full shield with scarce transposition error, full but partially flat (uneven flan) and slightly doubled cross, lightly toned and uncorroded. With original Fisher certificate #119244. Estimate: $600-$900.

127


562. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1621T, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10. 26.0 grams. Very bold 62 and clear final 1 of date, full P+T, full shield and cross, lightly corroded and silvery as usual. With original Fisher certificate #145089. Estimate: $500-$750. 563. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1621T, quadrants of cross transposed, Grade-1 quality, erroneous certificate (replaceable). S-P21; KM-10. 25.6 grams. Good full shield and cross, clear bottom half of date, no corrosion, typically silvery, its certificate showing the correct photo but incorrect data. With original Fisher certificate #199058. Estimate: $400-$600.

564. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)22T, rare, lions and castles transposed in two places, Grade 1. S-P21a; KM-19. 26.2 Bold 22 of date (desirable as the year of the sinking), good full cross and shield (both showing the lions and castles transposed), lightly corroded but colorfully toned. With original Fisher certificate #157935. Estimate: $600-$900. 565. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, 25 points (Grade 1), with original 1976 photo-certificate (rare). S-P21; KM-10. 24.5 grams. Oblong flan with bold P+T, full but partially weak shield and cross (uneven thickness), nicely toned and not overly corroded, desirable as among the first finds from this wreck. With hand-signed Fisher photo-certificate #523 from 1976. Estimate: $750-$1,100. grams.

566. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, “triple reversal” with backward mintmark P, upper half of shield and quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10. 26.6 grams. Fascinating coin with full and clear shield and cross that both show transposition errors (yet curiously the lions and castles within the shield are in the right places), plus a full and bold “q+T” to left, much legend, no corrosion but typically silvery. With original Fisher certificate #210645. Estimate: $400$600. 567. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, contemporary test-cuts(?) in edge, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-10. 24.9 grams. We have never seen anything like this before from the Atocha: The edge of the coin from about 5 to 7 o’clock below the shield bears curved slits on both sides that we tentatively conclude are test-cuts from the 1600s, and it is a decent coin, too, with good full shield and cross, silvery but with spots of light corrosion only, however underweight and not round so probably part of edge lost to corrosion. With original Fisher certificate #190725. Estimate: $300-$450.

128


568. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade-2(-) quality (no Grade on certificate). S-P21; KM-10. 23.7 grams.

Full but double-struck cross, corroded shield, edge-split, decent toning. With Fisher certificate #116410. Estimate: $300-

$450. 569. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 3 or 4 (“5 points”), with original 1976 photocertificate (rare). KM-10. 17.0 grams. Heavily corroded and darkly toned and encrusted, yet with shield and cross still recognizable, and desirable as among the first finds from this ship. With hand-signed Fisher photo-certificate #2857 from 1976. Estimate: $600$900.

570. Clump of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales with encrustation. 79.0 grams. Thickly encrusted clump with top coin mostly exposed, showing a clear shield, somewhat rare as an Atocha clump, as almost all coins from that wreck were cleaned. With Fisher/Sinclair photo-certificate #CH4CLUMP-0014. Estimate: $1,800-$2,500.

Potosí 8R Grade 1 group lots

571. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-10. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses, some with partial dates. With original Fisher certificates #135485, 162646, 176415, 180478 and 188067. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500. 129


572. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-10. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses, some with partial dates. With original Fisher certificates #136164, 158145, 159489, 173725 and 187815. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

573. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-10. Generally nice specimens with light corrosion, good full shields and crosses, two with upper half of shield transposed. With original Fisher certificates #136347, 136466, 137592, 137682 and 155546. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

130


574. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-10. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #104199, 113759, 113900, 116990 and 134610. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

575. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-10. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #160840, 189527, 191473, 192133 and 210400. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

131


576. Lot of 4 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-10. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one darkly toned. With original Fisher certificates #212335, 213550, 262203 and 263736. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

577. Lot of 6 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all approx. Grade-1 quality but missing original certificates (replaceable). KM-10. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses. With Fisher tags #129351, 134631, 161644, 174104, 212561 and 262498. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

132


Potosí 8R Grade 2 group lots

578. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. KM-10. Generally nice specimens, some with corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one with upper half of shield transposed. With original Fisher certificates #104277, 124703, 125327, 187260, 203818 and 261235. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

579. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. KM-10. Generally nice specimens, some with corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one with upper half of shield transposed. With original Fisher certificates #125336, 125832, 129312, 133803 and 157947. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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580. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. KM-10. Generally decent specimens with some corrosion, good full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #137864, 139232, 148969, 152302 and 154325. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

581. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. KM-10. Generally decent specimens with some corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one oddly shaped and one dark. With original Fisher certificates #185408, 189604, 190713, 191543 and 196638. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

134


582. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. KM-10. Generally nice specimens, some with corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one with backwards P in legend. With original Fisher certificates #134795, 136903, 137266, 137667 and 229352. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

583. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. KM-10. Generally nice specimens, some with corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one with backwards-P mintmark. With original Fisher certificates #196827, 198561, 205674, 212134 and 264368. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

135


584. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. KM-10. Generally nice specimens, some with corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one with partial date. With original Fisher certificates #159794, 180771, 181098, 184249 and 185190. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

585. Lot of 6 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all approx. Grade-2 quality but missing original certificates (replaceable). KM-10. Generally nice specimens with light corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one with partial date. With Fisher tags #158217, 164187, 187957, 191683, 213964 and 262535. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

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Potosí 8R Grade 3 group lots

586. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. KM-10. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, most with full shields and crosses, one with full 7 of date. With original Fisher certificates #120693, 133647, 134158, 139319 and 189062. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

587. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. KM-10. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, most with full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #137023, 137617, 138049, 138285 and 138315. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

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588. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. KM-10. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, most with full shields and crosses, one with bold 62 of date. With original Fisher certificates #138585, 189817, 193104, 193106 and 200101. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

589. Lot of 5 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. KM-10. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, most with full shields and crosses, one with partial date. With original Fisher certificates #102899, 104834, 106362, 135270 and 135952. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

138


590. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all approx. Grade-3 quality but missing original certificates (replaceable). KM-10. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, most with full shields and crosses, one with clear 20 of date. With Fisher tags #136844, 172151, 189012, 193098, 198371 and 219630. Estimate: $350$500.

Potosí 8R Grade 4 group lots

591. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 4. KM-10. Moderate to heavy corrosion but generally clear shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #133645, 134001, 134071, 137312, 189618 and 189664. Estimate: $600-$900.

139


592. Lot of 6 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 4. KM-10. Moderate to heavy corrosion but generally clear shields and crosses, one rather solid for the Grade (24 grams). With original Fisher certificates #135864, 136390, 137287, 138482, 138998 and 191953. Estimate: $600-$900.

593. Lot of 6 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all approx. Grade-4 quality but missing original certificates (replaceable). KM-10. Moderate to heavy corrosion but generally clear shields and crosses, one an interesting shape and two with old (pre-1985) tags. With Fisher tags #SR1472, A84-070, 135930, 176455, 189226 and 193993. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Potosí 4R

594. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period, “Great Module”), Grade 1. S-P6; KM-4.2. 13.1 grams. Immense flan per the type, with well-defined details in the full shield and cross (the latter slightly doubled), much legend, clear P-B, lightly corroded here and there. With original Fisher certificate #175057. Estimate: $400-$600.

597. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd and 5th periods), both Grade 1. KM-4.2. 12.6 and 11.9 grams. Both coins with good full shield and cross (one with doubled shield, the other with doubled cross), light corrosion only, typically silvery. With original Fisher certificates #153652 and 189272. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

595. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer A, scarce, Grade 1. S-P11; KM-4.2; CT-346. 12.7 grams. Round and slightly concave as usual, with clear P-A, choice full crown above full but partially weak shield, full cross with dents and light corrosion, nicely toned. With Fisher/Miguel certificate #85A237008. Estimate: $500-$750.

598. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg), Grade 1, with promotional wallet and pouch. S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. 12.7 grams. Full and well-detailed shield and cross despite a few flat spots, no corrosion, toned. With Fisher photo-certificate #200279, the pouch printed with “Mel Fisher’s Treasures.” Estimate: $400-$600.

596. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period), borders of x’s, Grade 1. S-P14; KM-4.3. 13.7 grams. Choice shield and cross, both full and bold but only very slightly doubled, nearly full borders of x’s on both sides, toned and totally uncorroded. With Fisher certificate #263026. Estimate: $400-$600.

599. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade-1 quality but Grade 2 on certificate. S-P17; KM-9; CT243. 13.3 grams. Very broad flan with good, full, but double-struck shield and cross, bold assayer Q, silvery and some weak spots in the periphery but no corrosion to speak of. With original Fisher certificate #185703. Estimate: $300-$450.

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600. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1617M, Grade-1 quality but Grade 2 on certificate. S-P19; KM-9; CT-245. 13.4 grams. Choice full cross with bold full date (the 7 within the tressure due to mild doubling), good full shield (also slightly doubled) with bold M inside the left edge, no corrosion, edge-split. With original Fisher certificate #198519. Estimate: $400-$600. 601. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1617M, Grade-1 quality but original certificate missing (replaceable). S-P19; KM-9; CT245. 12.2 grams. Choice full shield and cross, full date and P-M and vertical denomination IIII, no corrosion, light contrasting toning, a super piece that just lacks its original certificate. With Fisher tag #221844. Estimate: $350-$500. 602. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (16)18PAL, Grade 1, rare. S-P20; KM-9. 13.2 grams. Bold P-PAL and bottom half of 18 of date, full shield and cross-and-tressure but weak in centers, no corrosion but typically silvery. With Sinclair/Fisher certificate #237150. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

603. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)618T, Grade 1, rare. S-P21; KM-9; CT-247. 13.1 grams. Full 8 and clear bottom half of 61 of date and clear assayer T (by our records actually scarcer than PAL in this denomination, but far less popular), full but weak shield and cross, minimal corrosion, toned on fields. With original Fisher certificate #220188. Estimate: $500-$750. 604. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)618, assayer not visible, Grade 1. KM-9. 12.4 grams. Somewhat triangular flan with clear 618 of date, good full shield and cross-and-tressure, minimal corrosion, silvery but starting to tone. With original Fisher certificate #153376. Estimate: $500-$750. 605. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1619T, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-9. 12.9 grams. Slightly heart-shaped flan with bold full shield, full date (bold 16) and cross, nicely toned, practically no corrosion. With original Fisher certificate #175543. Estimate: $500-$750.

606. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)619T, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-9. 13.4 grams. Crude flan with stress fractures through middle, but with bold P+T and full 619 of date, no corrosion but some flatness. With original Fisher certificate #163740. Estimate: $400$600. 607. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (162)0T, Grade-1 quality but original certificate missing (replaceable). S-P21; KM-9; CT-248. 13.3 grams. Round and well preserved, with bold T to left of good full shield, excellent full cross with faint and small but complete 0 of date in legend, no corrosion but typically silvery. With Fisher tag #100532. Estimate: $300-$450. 608. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade 2 (or better), certificate missing but replaceable. S-P21; KM-9. 11.9 grams. Bold full shield and P-T, full but corroded and slightly doubled cross, nicely toned all over. With Fisher tag #140541. Estimate: $200-$300.

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Potosí 4R Grade 1 group lots

609. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-9. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #136745, 163681, 190278, 245553, 261781 and 261818. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

610. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-9. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses, one with partial date. With original Fisher certificates #188286, 211030, 215493, 217934 and 246688. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

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Potosí 4R Grade 2 group lot

611. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 2. Generally nice specimens, some with corrosion, good full shields and crosses, a couple with toning. With original Fisher certificates #114883, 131189, 156152, 161970, 185481, 189797 and 207186. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

Potosí 4R Grade 3 group lot

612. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3.

KM-9. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, most with full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #125803, 131208, 138579, 189710, 190579, 192363 and 193758. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

144


Potosí 4R Grade 4 group lot 613. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayers not visible, all Grade 4. KM-9. Moderate to heavy corrosion but generally clear shields and crosses, one bent and cracked. With original Fisher certificates #33065, 133576, 138186, 138820 and 188767. Estimate: $500-$750.

Potosí 4R lots (various)

614. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), various Grades, original certificates missing (but replaceable). KM-9. A full range of Grades, some corroded but others not, but all with clear shields and crosses. With Fisher tags #128101, 135019, 138179, 142303, 153594 and 194146. Estimate: $600-$900.

615. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), various Grades, original certificates missing (but replaceable). KM-9. A full range of Grades, some corroded but others not, but all with clear shields and crosses. With Fisher tags #147139, 155596, 159984, 161247 and 193009. Estimate: $500-$750.

145


Potosí 2R

616. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (1st period, “Lima style”), Grade 1. S-P4; KM-3.2. 6.6 grams. Typically round, thin and well detailed, with full shield and cross, minimal corrosion but shiny like most of the 1994 finds. With Fisher photo-certificate #94A-267801. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 617. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer B (1st period, “Lima style”), Grade 1. S-P4; KM-3.2. 6.3 grams. No corrosion but some flat (worn) spots on the otherwise well-detailed full shield and cross, minimal corrosion, silvery but not heavily polished like most from 1994. With Fisher photo-certificate #94A-0466-1. Estimate: $600-$900. 618. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer A, Grade 1. S-P11; KM-3.2; CT-508. 6.0 grams. Full and well-detailed shield and cross, bold assayer A, light corrosion all over and some weak spots. With original Fisher certificate #139372. Estimate: $500$750.

619. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer M, Grade 2, with promotional material. KM-8. Full shield and cross, clear assayer M, odd IIII in reverse legend that looks like the king’s ordinal (misplaced) except that it is followed by the letter N (all bold), lightly corroded and silvery as usual. With Fisher certificate #85A-183631, leather wallet, and wooden display box. Estimate: $500-$750. 620. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1)619T, Grade 2. S-P21; KM-8; CT358. 6.7 grams. Bold full shield with full assayer T, off-center cross with full 619 of date, crude edge (as made), no corrosion but some flatness and typically silvery. With original Fisher certificate #133368. Estimate: $350$500.

Potosí 2R Grade 1 group lots

621. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-8. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #131995, 150304, 150826 and 151439. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

146


622. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 1. KM-8. Generally nice specimens with little or no corrosion, good full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #132280, 132663, 132679 and 132723. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000. 623. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), both Grade 2. KM-8. 5.9 and 5.8 grams. Decent full crosses and shields, light corrosion and typically silvery. With original Fisher certificates #132087 and 133181. Estimate: $500-$750.

Potosí 2R Grade 3 group lot 624. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. KM-8. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, all with full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #133377, 137884, 138082 and 194194. Estimate: $500$750.

Potosí 2R Grade 4 group lot 625. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 4. Generally decent detail despite moderate to heavy corrosion, all with full shields and crosses. With original Fisher certificates #137480, 189953 and 193552. Estimate: $350$500.

147


Potosí 2R group lot (various)

626. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), various Grades, original certificates missing (but replaceable). A full range of Grades, some corroded but others not, but all with clear shields and crosses, one with full date 1619. With Fisher tags #84-249, 132175, 132606, 136961 and 137369. Estimate: $500-$750.

Potosí fragments 627. Lot of 10 fragments of Potosí cobs (various denominations), no certificates but with original tags. Heavily corroded coins with pieces missing but most with enough detail to attribute. With original Fisher tags #111633, 111819, 112400, 112472, 112626, 112882, 113161, 113294, 113493 and 223472. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spain

628. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer D, Grade-3 quality, original certificate missing (but replaceable). Bold full cross and nearly full shield despite moderate corrosion, the full S mintmark to left faint but clear, and the lions and castles distinctively Sevillian—otherwise it could be mistaken for Cartagena! With Fisher tag #A82-735. Estimate: $125-$200. 629. Madrid, Spain, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer V, Grade 3, rare as from this wreck. 2.8 grams. Interesting coin with surface of shield side lost to corrosion yet with all the design still there and well detailed and with bold M-V to left, also with good full cross. With original Fisher certificate #231613 (erroneously attributed to Potosí). Estimate: $275-$400. 18.2 grams.

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Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

630. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer D where visible, Grades 1 and 3, original certificates missing (but replaceable). S-M18 21.2 and 19.2 grams. One coin worn but uncorroded, with full shield and cross and oMD, nicely toned, the other coin pitted from corrosion on shield but with good full cross whose crevices are packed with sea-foam green encrustation. With original Fisher tags #603 and 8045. Estimate: $100-$150. 631. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M (possibly M/Q), quadrants of cross transposed, Grade 2. S-P18; KM-10. 23.9 grams. Choice full cross, full shield with clear assayer M inside the left edge, king’s ordinal III in legend, minimal corrosion but some pits near edge, very nicely toned. With original Fisher photo-certificate #8621. Estimate: $350-$500. 632. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 3, with original 1982 certificate. KM-10. 12.0 grams. Nearly full shield, with curious upside-down G in legend, some cross, but overall rather corroded and thin around the edge. With Fisher certificate #2200. Estimate: $150-$225.

633. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), Grades 2 and 3, original certificates missing (but replaceable). KM-10. Generally decent detail despite moderate corrosion, all with full shields and crosses, some good toning. With original Fisher tags #S46, 1268, 2688, 8095, 8207, 8997 and 9110. Estimate: $350-$500.

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634. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), Grades 1 and 2, original certificates missing (but replaceable). KM-9. 12.9 and 11.2 grams. The Grade 1 with full shield and cross, bold T, not much corrosion but dark encrustation on shield; the Grade 2 darkly toned and corroded but with decent cross. With original Fisher tags #3670 and 8856. Estimate: $100-$150. 635. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 3. KM-8. 4.7 grams. Full cross and shield, moderately corroded and with small part of edge missing. With original Fisher photo-certificate #251 housed in a large Riker display case. Estimate: $250-$375.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida

636. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II or III, assayer F, rare denomination for this wreck. 1.7 grams. Bold full cross, off-center shield with clear oMF, thin from corrosion but much better than most from this scarce wreck. With original Seahawk certificate #91-1A-2066.0074. Estimate: $150-$225. 637. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II or III, assayer not visible, rare denomination for this wreck. 2.6 grams. Choice full cross, good full shield, nicely toned, thin but very well preserved as from this wreck. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $200-$300.

639. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible. KM-4.2. 7.6 grams. Finely detailed but off-center cross, full but corroded shield, typically thin. With original Seahawk certificate #91-1A-3299.0004. Estimate: $150-$225.

640. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer R

638. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. KM-10. 15.3 grams. Decent full cross, full but weak shield, typically thin from corrosion. With original Seahawk certificate #901A-601.0007. Estimate: $150-$225.

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-8; CT-355. 2.7 grams. Good full shield and cross despite thinning from corrosion, brown-toned fields. With original Seahawk certificate #91-1A-3229.0010. Estimate: $125-$200. 641. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible. KM-3.2. 4.1 grams. Choice full shield and crown, good full cross with one arm doubled, moderately corroded and thin but better than most from this wreck. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $125-$200.

150


São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique 642. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II or III, assayer not visible, encapsulated NGC SHIPWRECK EFFECT and housed in promotional wooden presentation box. 8" x 6" x 2". Good full cross-and-tressure with distinctive lions and figure-8 ornaments in legend, full but corroded shield with bold denomination 8 to right, moderate corrosion and flatness, attractive display. With 8" x 5-1/2" wooden promotional box and certificate. Estimate: $350-$500. 643. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 4 reales, Philip III, encapsulated NGC SHIPWRECK EFFECT and housed in promotional wooden presentation box. 8" x 6" x 2". Good full cross and shield despite moderate corrosion all over, attractive display. With 8" x 5-1/2" wooden promotional box and certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, south of England 644. Zeeland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1623. KM-16. 26.9 grams. Choice, uncorroded details all over, the legends

especially bold, also nicely toned, with old, Z-shaped scuff in front of lion’s knee. With photo-certificate from the salvager, also pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #7, with original lot-tag #244. Estimate: $200-$300.

“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island 645. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)22/1D. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-310. 26.2 grams. This

coin has the most incredible full cross imaginable, and the full shield is nice too, but perhaps the most important part is the clear 22 date (with overdate), made possible by the fact that it was struck on a rather large flan, typically uneven, practically uncorroded and with nice, tan toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

646. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (162)2/0D, clear overdate, stars in legend. S-M18a; KM-unl. (cf. 45). 26.8 grams. Typically barrel-shaped flan but with the shield side oddly oriented sideways, very solid and corrosion-free but unevenly thick, with good full shield and oMD, bold 2/0 date, cross full but weak, curiously with a small star just after date (in fact over-punched by the 0) and visible three times in the reverse legend as *ET*IN*DIAR(VM). Estimate: $300-$450.

151


647. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1625(D), bold date, very rare. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-317. 23.4 grams. One hundred percent full date (very rare for this period), nearly full shield and cross with nicely contrasting toning, uneven thickness, minor corrosion and flat spots. Our records for this rare date turned up only two specimens, both sold by Schulman, one in 1966 and one in 1969. Estimate: $400-$600.

650. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D. S-M18a; KM-45. 24.8 grams. Big flan with lots of flatness and unevenness, yet with nearly full shield and cross, clear oMD and full denomination 8, lightly toned, some pitting from corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150.

651. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)22D, rare. S648. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D. S-M18a; KM-45. 24.8 grams. Choice full cross, full but grainy shield due to light corrosion, flat peripheries, nice toning. With Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

M18a; KM-38; CT-690. 13.1 grams. Good

full shield, clear date and oM and 4 despite encrustation (uncleaned) that almost totally covers the cross side, no corrosion. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $175-$250.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids) 649. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D. S-M18a; KM-45. 26.0 grams. Good full shield and cross, king’s ordinal in legend, very light corrosion only, toned in spots. Pedigreed to the Coin Galleries auction of December, 2009, with original lot-tag #886. Estimate: $100-$150.

152

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Concepci贸n, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola

652. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)35(P), fancy cross, rare. S-M19; KM-45; CT-330. 26.2 grams. Full 5 and bottom half of 3 of date, nearly full cross with flowery tips, no corrosion but a lot of flatness, nicely toned. Estimate: $250$375.

655. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1640P. S-M19; KM45; CT-336. 25.3 grams. Very

choice specimen with full date, bold oMP, great full shield and cross, no corrosion, nice toning, truly among the very best coins we have seen from this wreck. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of June, 2001, lot 813. Estimate: $350-$500.

653. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1639P. S-M19; KMFull and bold oMP and date (rare thus), with most of cross and shield but lots of flatness, nicely toned, no corrosion at all. Estimate: $350-$500.

45; CT-334. 25.0 grams.

656. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 164(0?)(P). S-M19; Broad flan, darkly toned and crudely corroded but with bold oM and part of date, some shield and cross, edge-split. Estimate: $70-$100. KM-45; CT-336. 20.8 grams.

654. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1640/39P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-335. 26.3 grams. Bold full date (rare thus) and oM, good

full shield, typically flat peripheries but no corrosion to speak of, nicely toned. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

657. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 25.5 grams. Typical barrel-shape, with no corrosion but much flatness, good full cross. With Blanchard certificates. Estimate: $100-$150.

153


658. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)37P, clear date, very rare. S-M19; KM-38. 12.1 grams. This is a very rare date, easily mistaken for a 41 (as the 3 is typically truncated at the bottom and the 7 leans to the left) except that the top bar of the 7 is clear, with bold oMD and nice full cross and shield, nicely toned, some peripheral flatness but minimal corrosion. Housed in a Blanchard wallet-type certificate. Estimate: $300-$450. 659. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible, scarce as from this wreck. KM-3.2. 5.5 grams. Bold full cross, weak but full shield, all typically finely detailed but lightly corroded and worn, rather early for this wreck (1500s). With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150. 660. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, assayer not visible (ca. 1630), rare. KM-3.4. 24.5 grams. Thick and solid coin with clear and distinctive shield and cross but much surface corrosion and encrustation. Estimate: $400-$600.

Lastdrager, sunk in 1653 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland 661. Emden, Germany (Holy Roman Empire), 28 stuber (2/3 thaler or 1 gulden), Ferdinand II (1624-37). KM-10.1. 16.8 grams. Big, round coin with two-headed Habsburg eagle with denomination 28 in its breast on one side, crowned arms on reverse, all details clear through a haze of dark toning and oxidation (uncleaned). With Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $125$200.

Capitana, sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador 662. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1649)O, with crownedG countermark on shield side, rare. S-P35; KM-19b. 26.8 grams. Choice specimen with full and bold shield bearing a clear countermark, bold crown at top and mintmark P to left, the cross also full but weakened by the countermark on the other side, no corrosion, nicely toned. With original Herman Moro certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

154


663. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651O, with crowned-L countermark on cross, encapsulated ICG VG-8, with provenance stated inside slab. S-P35; KM-19b. Good full cross with weak but full countermark and full date in legend, full but corroded shield and crown, nicely toned. Estimate: $150-$225. 664. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 165(0-1)O, with crowned-L countermark on cross side. S-P35; KM-19b. 17.8 grams. Good full shield with doubled crown, clear assayer to right, corroded cross with deep countermark and odd date at about 12 to 2 o’clock in the legend appearing as (A)NO 1665, somewhat corroded and with edge-split. Pedigreed to the Louis Hudson collection in our Treasure Auction #6, with original lot-tag #333. Estimate: $150-$225. 665. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650-1)O, with crowned-(?) countermark on shield side. S-P35; KM-19b. 23.4 grams. Bold full cross, full shield with partial countermark (just the full crown), bold P-O to left and weak second O to right, toned all over and with light surface corrosion only. Pedigreed to the Louis Hudson collection in our Treasure Auction #6, with original lottag #330. Estimate: $150-$225.

666. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, no countermark, rare.

S-P36; KM-19b. 26.5 grams. Choice, uncorroded specimen, nicely toned (just the edge a little crude), with cross and shield both perfectly full and bold, much crown and legend, 2 assayers, nearly full date—and no evidence of a countermark anywhere! With Herman Moro photo-certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

155


667. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, 1-PH-6 at top, rare. S-P37a; KM-21. 22.0 grams. One of only a handful of this date with 1-PH-6 at top, this quite a nice specimen with full pillars-and-waves and cross, much legend, 2-1/2 dates and assayers and mintmarks, lightly corroded with edge-split but decent overall. Estimate: $200-$300. 668. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1652E transitional Type II, rare. S-P37. 12.8 grams. Choice specimen with full crown and pillars that contain 2 denominations, assayer and king’s ordinal IIII, and bold POTO(SI) in legend, with full crown and cross on the other side, nicely toned and minimally corroded. With Moro/Sedwick certificate. Estimate: $750$1,100. 669. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 16(51-52)E, scarce. S-P36; KM-14b. 5.0 grams. Very large flan with curious point, excellent full shield with denomination-assayer 2-E to right, good full cross, nicely toned, light corrosion only. With original Herman Moro certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. 670. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type V, scarce. S-P37 3.0 grams. Well-detailed full crown above full pillars with clear dot above waves, good full cross with date below and E to right, good toning, light corrosion, nice heart-like shape. With original Herman Moro certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

671. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1652P. S-M19; KM45; CT-356. 25.7 grams. Broad,

roundish flan with choice full and bold date and oMP, full shield, full but partially flat cross, minimal corrosion, lightly toned. With Escudo, Ltd. Certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

672. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1653P. S-M19; KM45; CT-358. 24.3 grams. Full but weak date and oMP, half

of shield and crown (the other half moderately corroded), most of bold cross, some dark spots. Estimate: $150-$225.

673. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, (1618)D/F, rare as from this wreck. S-M18. 6.0 grams. Good full shield with bold oMD/F to left, good cross (nearly full), minimal corrosion. With Atlantic Treasure Coins photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

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674. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer P, scarce denomination from this wreck. S-M19; KM-28. 3.3 grams. Solid specimen (and interesting shape) with full shield and nice full cross, full oMP, no corrosion. With Atlantic Treasure Coins photo-certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

676. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E. S-P37a; KM-21. 14.2 grams. Very

thin from corrosion but with good full pillars-andwaves, faint (corroded) but full cross, attractively toned. With certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

675. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, dot-PH-dot at top. S-P37a; KM-21. 21.9 grams. Full waves and nearly full pillars, with bold PH at top and second date in legend, third date below full but partially flat cross, nicely toned, light corrosion all over. Estimate: $100-$150.

677. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E. S-P37a; KM-18. 10.3 grams. Good full pillars with bold denomination, mintmark and

date, second date below full cross with bold assayer to right, lightly corroded. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

678. Large lot of 13 cob 8R of Mexico and Potosí, Philip IV, (some with dates), all corroded. Mostly thin as moderately to heavily corroded, but with generally clear shields and crosses, some toning, good lot for resale (just need to make your own certificates!). Estimate: $500-$750.

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“Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel), sunk in 1659 off the east coast of Florida

679. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1654P.

S-M19; KM-45; CT-360. 18.4 grams. Bold full date and oMP and shield and denomination, bold full cross too, but all moderately corroded, with contrasting toning around details. With Sedwick photocertificate from 2003. Estimate: $175-$250. 680. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1655E. S-P37a; KM-21. 26.1 grams. Three dates (bold 55 in legend), full waves but off-center overall and with much flatness, spots of encrustation (not fully cleaned), but no corrosion. With original Addario certificate and envelope. Estimate: $175-$250. 681. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip IV, assayer T. 5.7 grams. Full shield and cross, bold mintmark, light corrosion but nicely contrasting toning around details, orangish spot on shield where a smaller coin was once attached. With original Florida Coin Syndicate photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Unidentified ca.-1667 wreck off Sicily

682. Lot of 10 Tassarolo and Fosdinovo (Italian States) luiginos, dated 1666-7. 20.2 grams total. Lovely little coins in top grade (for salvage), no corrosion and generally well toned, with portrait of ruler’s widow on obverse and crowned fleurs-de-lis (imitative of fractional French coins) splitting date on reverse. The unidentified shipwreck source of these coins also yielded Mexican and Spanish cobs. Great for resale. With Pearson certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

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683. Lot of 10 Tassarolo and Fosdinovo (Italian States) luiginos, dated 1666-7. 19.6 grams total. Lovely little coins in top grade (for salvage), no corrosion and generally well toned, with portrait of ruler’s widow on obverse and crowned fleurs-de-lis (imitative of fractional French coins) splitting date on reverse. The unidentified shipwreck source of these coins also yielded Mexican and Spanish cobs. Great for resale. With Pearson certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

684. Lot of 7 Tassarolo and Fosdinovo (Italian States) luiginos, dated 1666-7. 13.4 grams total. Uncorroded and well detailed but without toning, showing portrait of ruler’s widow on obverse and crowned arms splitting date on reverse, great for resale. Estimate: $350-$500.

Unidentified ca.-1671 wreck in Seville harbor, Spain 685. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1671E. S-P37b; KM-26; CTGood full cross with bold date below and mintmark P to left, full pillars with two bold mintmarks and assayers, some flat spots but no corrosion to speak of, lightly toned all over. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200. 346. 25.7 grams.

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Unidentified late-1660s Dutch wreck off Tuban, Indonesia 686. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P, with punchmark as from circulation in Indonesia. SM19; KM-45. 26.6 grams. Decent full cross and shield despite peripheral flatness, full oMP, typically dark all over but no corrosion, the diamond-shaped punchmark on reverse not completely attributed but seen on most of the coins from this wreck. Estimate: $75-$110.

Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Isla de Muerto, Ecuador Mexico 687. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer P, very rare mint as from this wreck. Bold full cross and nearly full shield, clear oMP, but corroded all the way through in places, still probably the first and only Mexican specimen we have seen from this wreck, which was coming from Peru. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110197. Estimate: $100-up. S-M19; KM-28. 0.9 gram.

Lima

688. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, rare. S-L5; KM-18.1. 23.3 grams. Solid specimen with bold full cross, lightly corroded but still very clear pillars with date and assayer and L*M, both sides a bit doubled and with flat peripheries but all in all a rather competent specimen of a desirable type that was in fact struck without royal authority. With ROBCAR photocertificate #M110101. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Potosí shield-type 689. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip III, assayer not visible. KM7. 2.5 grams. Bold full cross, full shield, a little worn but not really corroded,

small part of edge slightly bent. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110198. Estimate: $70-$100. 690. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer O/Z (1649), scarce. S-P35; KM-12b. 2.3 grams. Bold P-O/Z, most of shield and cross, worn but not corroded, nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110199. Estimate: $70-$100.

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Potosí 1652 transitionals

691. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (16)52E transitional Type II, scarce. S-P37; KM-A13.3. 2.0 grams. Choice details on both sides (particularly bold shield with A-P-5 to left, 2 to right, crown above with 1 to the left of that, but also full inner details on the pillars-and-waves side), thin from corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110249. Estimate: $100-$150. 692. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1652)E transitional Type II, scarce. S-P37; KM-A13.3. 2.3 grams. Nice full pillars-and-waves with bold I in bottom-middle, good full shield with crown above, lightly corroded but nicely toned. With ROBCAR photocertificate #M110247. Estimate: $90-$135. 693. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1652)E transitional Type III variant with cross instead of shield, rare. S-P37. 3.3 grams. Solid and practically uncorroded specimen with full crown above pillars, clearly showing A-I-O across the top, but other side is a bold cross (not a shield) with crown and pomegranate above, some peripheral flatness, nicely toned. With ROBCAR photocertificate #M110251. Estimate: $100-$150. 694. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1652)E transitional Type IV, scarce. S-P37. 2.8 grams. Full pillars with bold denomination I at top and dot in bottom-middle, most of shield, peripheral flatness and light corrosion but nicely toned. With ROBCAR photocertificate #M110248. Estimate: $80-$120. 695. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1652)E transitional Type V, scarce. S-P37. 1.7 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves with crown above, full and bold cross with date below, thin from light corrosion but nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110246. Estimate: $80-$120. 696. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1652)E transitional Type VII (posttransitional), with 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37. 1.6 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves with clear date, full but slightly off-center cross with second date below, thin but no obvious corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110250. Estimate: $80-$120.

Potosí 8R

697. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1662E. S-P37a; KM-21. 16.8

698. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-

grams. Nice

350. 18.7 grams. Good full cross, full pillars, 4-digit date in legend,

full cross, full pillars-and-waves, 3 dates, moderate corrosion, lightly rainbow-toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110150. Estimate: $125-$200.

light pitting all over, some flatness, but nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110159. Estimate: $125-$200.

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699. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E, date as “677” between pillars, unique variety. S-P37b. 18.0 grams. First specimen we have ever seen with the century-digit 6 in the main date (a very clear 677), the second date below the cross a normal 77, good full cross and pillars but corroded (some heavy pits and rough edge), nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110163. Estimate: $200-up.

702. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT354. 22.1 grams. Bold, full and well-centered pillars, good full cross,

2 bold dates, moderate corrosion, small edge-split, toned around details. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110165. Estimate: $125-$200.

703. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-26; CTGood full cross with clear date below, bold but heavily corroded pillars-and-waves with faint second date, toned around details. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110167. Estimate: $125-$200. 354. 19.5 grams.

700. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E. S-P37b. 20.7 grams. Bold full pillars and waves, full cross-lions-castles, 2 dates and mintmarks and assayers, evenly corroded and nicely toned. Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #7, with original lot tag #364, and with tag #M090294 from the salvagers. Estimate: $135-$210.

704. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT701. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E. S-P37b. 18.1 grams. Bold full waves, full but messy cross due to moderate corrosion of uneven depth, toned around details. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $135-$210.

Broad flan with excellent full cross, bold but corroded pillars-and-waves, 3 dates, edge-split, nice toning. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110169. Estimate: $125-$200.

354. 17.6 grams.

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705. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT354. 19.2 grams. Good full cross and pillars, toned around details,

moderate corrosion and some flatness in peripheries. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110164. Estimate: $125-$200.

708. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT357. 25.5 grams. Solid specimen with minor surface corrosion only

but much flatness and doubling, 2 dates, bold assayer. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110242. Estimate: $125-$200.

706. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT357. 19.1 grams. Large, barrel-shaped flan with good full cross (bold P to left and C to right), full but doubled pillars, thin from corrosion. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $135-$210.

709. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C.

S-P39; KM-26;

CT-358. 16.5 grams. Thin from corrosion and wear but with bold V/C and date, full pillars-and-waves. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $135-$210.

707. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT- 710. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V/C.

S-P39; KM-26;

Two bold dates and assayers, full pillars, nearly full cross (some flatness), light corrosion only, nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110178. Estimate: $125$200.

Full pillars with two bold V/C’s and date, nearly full but doubled cross, evenly corroded, some flatness. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110241. Estimate: $125$200.

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357. 19.2 grams.

CT-358. 18.1 grams.

163


711. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V.

S-P39; KM-26; CT-

Good full cross with bold date, one full pillar with second bold date, 2 assayers, moderate corrosion and edgesplit but nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110175. Estimate: $125-$200. 712. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V, mintmark P at upper right, scarce variety. S-P39. 20.3 grams. Full pillars-andwaves with 4-digit date in legend, bold mintmark P at upper right, doubled cross, 3 assayers, nicely toned but corroded and with edge-splits. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110173. Estimate: $125-$200. 713. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-26; CT361. 19.3 grams. Broad flan with attractive full pillars (slightly doubled), nearly full cross with CARO(LVS) in legend, 3 bold assayers, moderate corrosion but nice toning. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110187. Estimate: $125-$200. 714. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-26; CT361. 11.1 grams. Very worn and thin from corrosion but with remarkably well-detailed full pillars side and nearly full cross, 2 dates, deeply toned. With Atlantic Treasure Coins photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 359. 21.4 grams.

715. Clump of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cobs of assayer E (one 8R and one 1R). 21.3 grams total. A natural fusion of a 1R with cross-side out (king’s name visible) on the pillars side of a corroded 8R with clear assayer E (dates not visible), thin around the edge but nicely toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

164


Potosí 8R group lots

716. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1664E, 1673E and 1679C. 17.6, 23.0 and 19.8 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photocertificates #M110151, 156 and 171. Estimate: $300-$450.

717. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1669E, 1673E and 1679V. 18.5, 19.0 and 20.5 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photocertificates #M110152, 157 and 170. Estimate: $300-$450.

718. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1670E, 1671E and 1678E. 19.2, 17.4 and 20.5 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photocertificates #M110153, 155 and 166. Estimate: $300-$450.

165


719. Lot of 3 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1670E, 1679C and 720. Lot of 3 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1671E, 1679C and 1679V. 20.1, 17.5 and 19.7 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110162, 180 and 185. Estimate: $300-$450.

1679V. 19.5, 20.4 and 20.2 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110154, 179 and 184. Estimate: $300-$450.

721. Lot of 3 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1674E, 1679V (2). 15.3, 21.3 and 20.2 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photocertificates #M110158, 176 and 186. Estimate: $300-$450.

166


722. Lot of 3 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1675E, 1679V (2). 17.0, 20.5 and 20.0 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110160, 181 and 183. Estimate: $300$450.

723. Lot of 3 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1676E, 1678E and 1679V. 18.6, 17.6 and 19.9 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110161, 168 and 174. Estimate: $300$450.

724. Lot of 3 PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8R: 1679C and 1679V (2). 22.8, 20.7 and 20.7 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned but somewhat corroded as usual. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110172, 177 and 182. Estimate: $300$450.

167


Potosí 4R

725. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-25; CT-500. 8.3 grams. Full pillars-and-waves, off-center cross, nicely toned and smoothly worn, 2 edge-splits. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110188. Estimate: $100-$150. 726. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1678E, rotated denomination 4, scarce. S-P37b; KM-25; CT-503. 11.5 grams. Nice full pillars (especially the tops) with the denomination rotated 90 degrees clockwise, cross corroded but showing clear mintmark to left and date below, nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110243. Estimate: $125-$200. 727. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-25; CT-505. 6.1 grams. Thin from corrosion but with good full cross and pillars, bold date, toned. With Atlantic Treasure Coins photo-certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

728. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-25; CT-505. 8.1 grams. Bold full cross, bold pillars and waves, parts of 3 dates and assayers, pitted from corrosion but with nice toning. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110193. Estimate: $100-$150. 729. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679V. S-P39; KM-25; CT-506. 9.0 grams. Great full cross despite corrosion all over, pillars and waves full too, with 2 dates and mintmarks and assayers, toned around details. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110192. Estimate: $100-$150. 730. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679V. S-P39; KM-25; CT-506. 8.4 grams. Very bold pillars, cross, mintmark, denomination, assayer and castle, evenly corroded, lightly toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110189. Estimate: $100-$150.

731. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679V. S-P39; KM-25; CT-506. 9.4 grams. Very bold denomination and assayer outside ends of cross, plus bold assayer and date on pillars side (bold waves too), nicely toned, but somewhat corroded and about 1/2 flat. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110191. Estimate: $100-$150. 732. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1679V. S-P39; KM-25; CT-506. 10.7 grams. Bold full cross and date, full pillars-and-waves with second date, 2 mintmarks and assayers, corroded as usual but nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110190. Estimate: $100-$150.

168


Potosí 2R

733. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1653E. S-P37a; KM-16; CT-898. 3.8 grams. Broad flan but very thin due to corrosion, yet with nice full pillars-and-waves (2 dates on that side), nearly full cross, attractively toned all over. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $80$120. 734. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1668E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-595. 4.9 grams. Good full pillars, good but slightly off-center cross, 2 dates and mintmarks and assayers, lightly corroded but nicely toned. With Atlantic Treasure Coins photo-certificate. Estimate: $80$120. 735. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1672E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-599. 4.9 grams. One full and bold pillar (off-center) flanked by bold date and mintmark, most of cross with second date below, full HISPANIA(RVM), not much corrosion but some flatness, nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110194. Estimate: $80-$120.

736. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1674E. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-601. 3.5 grams. Broad flan with good full cross, full pillars, weak date, toned but thin from corrosion all over. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110196. Estimate: $80-$120. 737. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1677+776E, scarce error. S-P37b. 3.4 grams. Crude from corrosion but with two bold 77’s on pillars side and clear 776 date below cross, lightly toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110 Estimate: $100-$150. 738. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1678E, encapsulated ANACS F-12, with oversized certificate. S-P37b; KM-24; CT-606. Good full cross, bold date on pillars side, but rather worn and corroded all over. With original (oversized) Florida Coin Syndicate certificate. Estimate: $150$225. 739. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1679V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-608. 5.3 grams. Full but doubled pillars with bold date, bold cross, light corrosion, toned all over. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110195. Estimate: $80-$120.

Potosí 1R

740. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1655E.

S-P37a; KM-13. 3.7 grams. No corrosion but some flat areas, with 2 clear dates, full POTOSI, lightly toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110201. Estimate: $70-$100. 741. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1668E, assayer to left of cross, rare. S-P37a. 2.2 grams. Bold full cross with E to left (first we have seen), full pillars-and-waves with clear date, worn thin but with nice contrast. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110244. Estimate: $75-$110.

169


742. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1672/1E. S-P37b; KM-23. 2.2 grams. Bold date with clear 2/1 between pillars, nearly full and welldetailed cross, thin but not really corroded, nicely toned, interesting shape. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110214. Estimate: $70-$100. 743. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1672/1E. S-P37b; KM-23. 2.7 grams. Full and well-centered cross and pillars, clear date, toned, lightly corroded. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110253. Estimate: $70-$100. 744. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1672/1E. S-P37b; KM-23. 2.7 grams. Rectangular flan with choice, full and bold pillars and 72/1 date, full but doubled cross, no corrosion, small edge-split. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110252. Estimate: $70-$100. 745. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1672E, assayer to left of cross, rare. S-P37b. 2.6 grams. Small flan with 2 clear dates, clear assayer to left of cross (first we have seen), full pillars despite flatness, minimal corrosion. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110245. Estimate: $75-$110.

746. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1675+65E, rare error. S-P37b. 2.4 grams. Very clear 75 between full pillars and 65 below cross (only the second specimen we have seen), some flatness but no corrosion, toned on fields. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110256. Estimate: $75-$110. 747. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1677/6E, rare. S-P37b; KM-23. 2.5 grams. Two bold dates, the one between the pillars with obvious 7/6 and the one below the cross offset with flat spot to left (so could be 677), good cross and pillars despite corrosion, nicely toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110255. Estimate: $75-$110. 748. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1677/6E, rare. S-P37b; KM-23. 1.3 grams. Very thin from corrosion but with full pillars showing a bold 77/6 date and assayer E, lightly toned. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110254. Estimate: $75-$110.

Potosí 1R group lots

749. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1654E, 1673E and 1676E. 4.3, 2.6 and 3.9 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned, some with minor corrosion but others actually overweight. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110200, 215 and 218. Estimate: $175-$250. 750. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1658E and 1671E (2). 3.3, 3.9 and 2.7 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned, some with minor corrosion but others actually overweight. With ROBCAR photocertificates #M110202, 212 and 213. Estimate: $175-$250.

170


751. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1662E, 1665E and 1669E. 2.5, 2.7 and 2.6 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned, some with minor corrosion but others actually overweight. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110203, 206 and 210. Estimate: $175-$250.

754. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1666E, 1668E and 1674E. 3.6, 3.5 and 4.6 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned, some with minor corrosion but others actually overweight. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110208, 209 and 216. Estimate: $175-$250.

752. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1663E (2) and 1679C. 3.3, 3.0 and 3.8 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses

and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned, some with minor corrosion but others actually overweight. With ROBCAR photocertificates #M110204, 205 and 222. Estimate: $175-$250.

755. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1675E and 1677E (2). 3.1, 3.4 and 3.2 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned, some with minor corrosion but others actually overweight. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110217, 219 and 220. Estimate: $175-$250.

756. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, 1661E and 1675E. 3.6 753. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1665E, 1670E and 1677E. 3.5, 3.8 and 3.0 grams. Decent specimens with generally nice crosses and/or pillars, clear dates, mostly nicely toned, some with minor corrosion but others actually overweight. With ROBCAR photo-certificates #M110207, 211 and 221. Estimate: $175-$250.

and 1.7 grams. The 1661 solid, toned and with bold date but mostly

flat, the 1675 thin and corroded but with most of cross and pillars. With Atlantic Treasure Coins photo-certificate and Sedwick certificate from 2003. Estimate: $70-$100.

171


Potosí 1R clumps

760. Clump of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 13.1 grams. Small,

757. Clump of 9 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 33.5 grams. Impressive little clump, with a thick layer of gray encrustation between each coin, some pebbles, the outward-facing coins clean and showing dates 1667 and 1672 visible on two of the coins that are pillars-side out, another coin cross-side out, nice display. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110230. Estimate: $400-$600.

cleaned clump with just enough encrustation and debris remaining in between the coins to hold it all together, the top and bottom coins with clear dates (1669 and 1670) between pillars. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110231. Estimate: $200-$300.

761. Clump of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 8.7 grams. Flat, wide clump with the pillars side of each coin exposed, clear dates 1666 and 1667 on two of them, the bottom still encrusted. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110235. Estimate: $150$225.

758. Clump of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 23.7 grams. Uncleaned pile with lots of encrustation and bits of debris between the coins, very natural and interesting. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110237. Estimate: $350-$500.

759. Clump of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 20.5 grams. Uncleaned pile with lots of encrustation and bits of debris between the coins, very natural and interesting. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110238. Estimate: $250-$375.

762. Clump of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 8.7 grams. Cute clump with the cross side clean and clear on all 3 coins, the middle coin (shield type) protruding, one of the others with clear 1659 date below choice cross. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110232. Estimate: $150-$225. 763. Clump of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 9.1 grams. Three completely cleaned coins with just enough encrustation behind them to hold the clump together, with two showing crosses out and the third with clear 1669 date between pillars. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110234. Estimate: $150-$225.

172


764. Clump of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 10.3 grams. Interesting piece with teardrop-shaped coin protruding from the middle showing a 1670 date, one of the end-coins corroded and silvery but the other one with good cross and some pebbles and encrustation. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110233. Estimate: $150-$225. 765. Clump of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R. 7.1 grams. Impressive for a 2-coin clump, as one hits the other at a 45-degree angle and bears thick encrustation, the other coin with 1675 date below cross. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110236. Estimate: $100-$150. 766. Clump of 3 cob 1R with encrustation. 9.4 grams. Flat pile of 3 coins loaded with small pebbles and green encrustation, with none of the coin details visible but probably decent coins as intact and more or less proper weight. Estimate: $70-$100.

767. Clump of 2 cob 1R with encrustation. 5.6 grams. Two solid coins sandwiched together (slightly offset) and completely cocooned in encrustation and tiny bits of debris. Estimate: $50-$75. 768. Lot of 3 single cob 1R with encrustation. 5.6, 5.2 and 4.4 grams. Three thickly encrusted and completely cocooned coins, one all white with little pebbles and the other two a mix of black and orange, small but interesting as showing just how they come up from the sea floor. Estimate: $70-$100.

Potosí 1/2R

769. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1675, rare denomination as from this wreck. S-P37b; KM-22. 1.1 grams. Full date below corroded monogram, one nice castle in cross, small but tough to get from a wreck. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110223. Estimate: $50-$75. 770. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1677, rare denomination as from this wreck. S-P37b; KM-22. 1.2 grams. Nice bold monogram and date and cross, thin but not really corroded, interesting shape with point. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M110224. Estimate: $50-$75.

173

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Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

771. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)78(L). S-M21; Full 78 of date and good cross, otherwise typically corroded and crude, somewhat elongated shape. Estimate: $250-$275. KM-46; CT-278. 19.7 grams.

772. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)679(L). S-M21; Solid specimen (no corrosion) and curious shape, with clear date, bold oM, good cross, most of shield. Estimate: $300-$450. KM-46; CT-279. 25.8 grams.

773. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680L. S-M21; KM46; CT-280. 24.0 grams. Full date and oML, some cross and shield but otherwise typically flat (weakly struck), minimal corrosion, nicely toned. Estimate: $300-$450.

774. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)80(L). S-M21; KM-46; CT-280. 17.7 grams. Odd-shaped coin with such a weak strike (and worn) that only the date and small parts of the shield and cross and crown are visible. Estimate: $100-$150.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa 775. Kampen, Netherlands (Habsburg), 6 stuivers, Mathias I (1612-19). KM-22. 4.0 grams. Thin, round coin of low fineness with two-headed eagle on obverse and crowned arms on reverse, worn but not overly corroded, much legend, nicely brown-toned all over. Estimate: $50-$75.

174


Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

776. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1686R. S-L7; KM-24; CT-229. 25.0 grams. Solid specimen with bold, full and well-centered cross and pillars-and-waves, nicely toned but with flat peripheries, just a touch of corrosion here and there, still one of the better coins from this wreck. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300. 777. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1700F, rare. S-P42; KM-25; CT-532. 11.5 grams. Good pillars and waves with bold date and denomination, full and bold but doubled cross, solid (no corrosion) and toned around details, rare date that was missing in the Karon collection. With Hiron certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. 778. York, England, sixpence, William III, 1697-Y, scarce. KM-484.17. 3.0 grams. Worn but not corroded, with all details visible, slightly concave from a few small dents in the bust, toned. With certificate and pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #4, with lot-tag #447. Estimate: $50-$75.

DeLiefde, sunk in 1711 off the Shetland Islands, north of Scotland

779. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1623(?), scarce as from this wreck. KM-13. 26.6 grams. Full central details and nearly full legends (date a bit weak) despite wear and edge-split, but NO corrosion (does not look like sea-salvage, actually). Pedigreed to the Tony Jaggers collection, with Conch Coin Co. certificate #1132. Estimate: $125-$200. 780. Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1711. KM-83.1. 31.8 grams. Very dark as uncleaned, with clear details despite light corrosion, handy promotional display. With Calhoun’s Collectors Society certificate. Estimate: $80-$120.

781. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1670. KM-41. 26.3 grams. Some bold legends (date weak, though) and clear inner details despite surface corrosion (could be improved by cleaning and retoning), impressively broad. Estimate: $50-$75.

175


782. Lot of 2 Utrecht, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoons, 1711. KM-83.1. 42.0 grams total. Both worn and corroded but with clear dates and other details. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida Mexico 8R

783. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)09(J), rare. S- 785. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14(J). Bold and full 9 of date, most of shield, bold full cross, much flatness but no corrosion, very off shape with several points, very tough coin for the date collector. Estimate: $250-$375. M22; KM-47; CT-738. 25.9 grams.

S-M22;

Good full cross, most of crown and shield (latter with natural pit near center), full 4 of date, toned and solid (no corrosion). Estimate: $175-$250. KM-47; CT-743. 25.2 grams.

784. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1714(J), with original (1967) Mel Fisher certificate. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 23.7 grams. Off-center shield with full crown above and full date in legend, full cross and tressure, minor surface corrosion, nicely toned. With original (hand-signed) Mel Fisher certificate from 1967, plus New World Treasures photo-certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

786. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)714(J).

S-M22;

KM-47; CT-743. 18.0 grams. Rectangular flan, silvery and thin from

corrosion but with full cross and shield and date and oM. With salvager’s certificate #9143. Estimate: $100-$150.

176


787. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1715(J). S-M22; KM- 790. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer Fascinating coin with 100% full date (desirable as the date of sinking) and nearly full shield and cross, solid and uncorroded, but with odd lamination flaw on cross side that is best seen from the edge, where it is clearly 2 separate pieces folded together. With Sedwick certificate from 2003. Estimate: $800-$1,200. 47; CT-744. 26.7 grams.

not visible. KM-47. 26.7 grams. Nearly full shield and cross, solid and uncorroded, richly toned, with patch of white-and-green encrustation at edge on cross side and natural pit (as made) at edge on shield side. Estimate: $100-$150.

788. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer 791. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J. S-M22; KM-47. 23.5 grams. Nearly full cross and shield (both bold), full oMJ, nicely toned, light corrosion, some flatness. Estimate: $100-$150.

not visible. KM-47. 18.6 grams. Weird, elongated shape, with full shield and cross, light to moderate corrosion. With original Fisher tag #CB84-283. Estimate: $90-$135.

792. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer 789. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 26.8 grams. Very thick and solid coin (no not visible, with original Kip Wagner certificate. KM-47. Interesting shape, good full shield, most of cross, rainbow toning near edges, light corrosion only on cross, somehow rather eye-catching. With original Real Eight Co. certificate hand-signed by Kip Wagner. Estimate: $150-$225. 24.5 grams.

corrosion) with crude (silvery) surfaces but full shield and cross, full denomination 8, interesting sharp point in edge. With original Fisher tag #CB84-285. Estimate: $90-$135.

177


793. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-47. 26.9 grams. Nearly full cross and shield, full denomination 8, practically no corrosion but a couple dark stains. With original Fisher tag #CB84-282. Estimate: $90-$135.

Mexico 8R uncleaned

796. Uncleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R “greenie,” oxidation. 53.9 grams. Very solid display, the 2 coins almost sideby-side but completely cocooned in dark gray encrustation, prominent shell stuck on one side. With generic Cobb Coin Co. certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

encrusted with shell bits. 27.5 grams. We put this with the other Mexican “greenies,” but the fact is that its shape (round and fat in the middle) is more like Potosí than Mexico, but all details are completely covered with white and green encrustation and small pieces of shells, very eye-catching and solid. Estimate: $100-$150.

795. Uncleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R “biscuit,”

797. Uncleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R “greenie,”

794. Clump of 2 Mexican cob 8R “biscuitized” by

thick with shells and debris. 38.2 grams. Probably the most impressive single-coin “biscuit” we have ever seen, as the whole coin is covered in thick, light-gray encrustation impregnated with shell bits, no part of the coin visible but distinctive in shape. Estimate: $100-$150.

encrusted with shell bits. 26.4 grams. Classic Mexican cob shape but no details as completely covered in white, green and tan encrustation with good-sized pieces of shells. Estimate: $100$150.

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798. Uncleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R “greenie,” encrusted with shell bits. 26.7 grams. Curious rhomboid shape with all details covered with bright green encrustation and small pieces of shells. Estimate: $100-$150. 799. Uncleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R “greenie,” encrusted with shell bits. 27.9 grams. Solid, roundish coin with almost all details thickly covered with dark-orange, white and green encrustation sprinkled with small shell pieces. Estimate: $100-$150. 800. Uncleaned Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R “greenie,” encrusted with shell bits. 27.3 grams. Solid coin, completely covered with brown, green and white encrustation and lots of small shell pieces. Estimate: $100-$150.

Mexico 8R group lots Most of the following (as noted) were de-accessed from the State of Florida collection in 1980 under the “John Bamberg division,” named for the appointed court receiver representing an investment group tied to Tom Gurr and his successful salvage of the San José of the 1733 Fleet (Florida Keys). The State of Florida laid claim to Gurr’s finds, and in the end these coins from the 1715 Fleet in the State’s collection were traded out in settlement.

801. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 76.3 grams total. Solid coins with decent details, some encrustation, little or no corrosion, interesting shapes. Estimate: $250$375.

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802. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 79.3 grams total. Solid coins with decent details, some encrustation, little or no corrosion, interesting shapes. Estimate: $250-$375.

803. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 78.7 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (no corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

180


804. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 77.7 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (no corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes, one toned. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

805. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 77.8 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (no corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes, two toned. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

181


806. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 75.2 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (practically no corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes, one toned, one with king’s name CA(ROLVS) visible in legend. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

807. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 77.4 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (practically no corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

182


808. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 75.3 quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes, some toning. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375. grams total. Nice

809. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 80.2 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes, some toning. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

183


810. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 74.7 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (light corrosion) with decent details for the type, very interesting shapes, some toning. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375. 811. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 78.8 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, generally interesting shapes, some toning. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photocertificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375. 812. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 79.2 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, very interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

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813. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 76.7 grams Nice quality, solid coins (practically no corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375. total.

814. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 78.7 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

185


815. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 76.6 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

816. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 78.7 quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, one interesting shape. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375. grams total. Nice

186


817. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 74.8 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, rectangular shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

818. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 74.8 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, one of the coins very interesting in shape. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

187


819. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 76.5 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

820. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 75.8 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, some toning. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

188


821. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 74.4 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (light corrosion if any) with decent details for the type, some toning, one of long rectangular shape. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

822. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 78.4 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, some toning. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

189


823. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. 78.1 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

824. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 76.7 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes, one with king’s ordinal II visible in legend. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

190


825. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 78.7 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes, some toning. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

826. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 74.6 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

191


827. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 76.5 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

828. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 74.2 grams total. Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375.

192


829. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 74.1 Nice quality, solid coins (minimal corrosion) with decent details for the type, interesting shapes (one with bent point), some toning, one with king’s name PHIL(IPPVS) visible. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $250-$375. 830. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 142.5 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500. grams total.

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194


831. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 148.1 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500. 832. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 151.0 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500. 833. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 149.1 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500.

195


834. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 156.5 grams total. Decent quality, some light corrosion but still good details for the type, interesting shapes, one toned. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500. 835. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 142.5 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photocertificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500.

196


836. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 143.8 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500.

197


837. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II and Philip V, assayers not visible. 146.5 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500. 838. Lot of 6 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 151.5 grams total. Decent quality, some light to moderate corrosion but still good details for the type, some toning and interesting shapes. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $350-$500. 839. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R of Philip V. 16.1 to 22.8 grams each. Generally good shields and crosses despite moderate corrosion, one with bold denomination 8, all more or less silvery from cleaning. With salvager’s certificates #9089, 9090 and 9139. Estimate: $150-$225.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

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199


840. Large lot of 19 better-quality Mexican cob 8R of Philip V (some partial dates). 454 grams total. Solid specimens with only light to moderate corrosion (some flatness), good detail, some toning and encrustation. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

LOT VIEWING SCHEDULE: March 31-April 3: Whitman Baltimore Coin & Currency Expo April 14-17: Chicago International Coin Fair (CICF) April 4-13 and 18-25: by appointment at our private office in Winter Park, Florida (closed weekends and on Good Friday) 200


841. Large lot of 33 average-quality Mexican cob 8R of Philip V. 680 grams total. Mostly decent coins with clear crosses and/ or shields, light to moderate corrosion overall, some nicely toned, great lot for resale (just have to make your own certificates!). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Mexico smaller denominations

842. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1)714(J).

843. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer S-M22;

Bold date and oM, nearly full shield and cross, no corrosion at all, very solid, lightly toned on fields. With Sedwick certificate from 2003. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-40; CT-1019. 13.5 grams.

not visible, with original Kip Wagner certificate. KM-40. 13.2 grams. Full shield with most of 4 to right, off-center cross mostly visible, no corrosion at all but lightly worn, toned on edge only. With original Real Eight certificate hand-signed by Kip Wagner. Estimate: $125-$200.

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844. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible. KM-40. 13.3 grams. Full shield and cross, no corrosion but a bit worn, toned in crevices. With Tony Jaggers photo-certificate. Estimate: $70-$100.

845. Lot of 7 better-quality Mexican cob 4R of Philip V, assayer J or not visible. 93.6 grams. Solid coins with little or no corrosion, decent crosses and shields, one encrusted and one with curious (contemporary) cut in edge. Estimate: $350-$500.

846. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible, with original Kip Wagner certificate. KM-35. 6.2 grams. Decent full cross, full crown above off-center shield, minimal corrosion, some crusty bits. With original Real Eight certificate hand-signed by Kip Wagner. Estimate: $100-$150.

847. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip V, assayer J. S-M22; KM-35. 6.4 grams. Solid (corrosion-free), triangular flan with bold oMJ, most of shield, good full cross, nicely toned. With Sedwick certificate from 2003. Estimate: $70-$100. 848. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, (1705)J/L, very rare. S-M22. 3.2 grams. Bold assayer J with faint L behind it, most of cross and shield but somewhat flat, no toning. With Sedwick certificate from 2003. Estimate: $80-$120. 849. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip V, assayer not visible, with original Kip Wagner certificate. KM-30. 2.9 grams. Off-center strike but still with good cross and shield, bold PHI- of king’s name, no corrosion, darkly rainbow-toned at edge. With original Real Eight certificate hand-signed by Kip Wagner. Estimate: $80-$120.

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850. Lot of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 21.0 grams total. Solid coins with generally nice crosses and shields, little or no corrosion, mostly nicely toned, super for jewelry or resale. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $175-$250. 851. Lot of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 20.1 grams total. Solid coins with generally nice crosses and shields, little or no corrosion, mostly nicely toned, super for jewelry or resale. From the John Bamberg division, with one special photo-certificate signed by the court receiver. Estimate: $175-$250.

852. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1R, Philip V, assayers not visible. 1.9 grams each. Lightly corroded but with good crosses and shields, nice pair for earrings. Estimate: $60-$90. 853. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, Philip V, assayer not visible, with original Kip Wagner certificate. 1.2 grams. Wedge-shaped flan with nearly full monogram and cross, light surface corrosion and spots of toning. With original Real Eight certificate hand-signed by Kip Wagner. Estimate: $60-$90.

Lima

854. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1699R. S-L14; KM-23; CT-461. 12.9 grams. Very choice specimen with excellent full cross, bold full pillars, 3 mintmarks, 2 bold denominations, minimal surface corrosion, lightly toned. With Sedwick certificate from 2003. Estimate: $300-$450. 855. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1704H. S-L15a; KM-32; CT-1193. 5.8 grams. Great full pillars with bold full date, 3 bold mintmarks, good full cross, nicely toned and corrosion-free. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $200-$300. 203


Potosí

856. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1694VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-380. 17.4 grams. Worn from heavy corrosion, also silvery, but with pillars, cross, assayer and date all faintly visible. With original Fisher tag #CB84-284. Estimate: $60-$90. 857. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1708Y. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1330. 6.2 grams. Full cross and bold full pillars, clear date, 3 assayers, moderate surface corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

Chameau, sunk in 1725 off Nova Scotia, Canada 858. France (La Rochelle mint), ecu, Louis XV, 1725-H. KM-472.9. 21.3 grams. Darkly toned and worn from corrosion but

with all details clear, especially the reverse. Estimate: $60-$90.

Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys Cobs

859. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KMFull and bold date and oMF, full cross, nearly full shield, nicely toned, with only light corrosion. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300. 860. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)32F, with original Arthur McKee certificate. S-M26; KM-47a; CT-764. 22.2 grams. Bold full oMF, full cross, most of shield, but polished and corroded all over. With Arthur McKee photo-certificate (unsigned). Estimate: $150-$225. 861. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales “blackie.” 27.8 grams. A thick, puffy chunk of black oxidation, the thin coin inside peeking out from small part of edge, patch of white encrustation on one side with small shell bits. Estimate: $100$150. 47a; CT-764. 25.4 grams.

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862. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8R, dated 1731-33F (where visible). S-M26; KM-47a. 19.3 to 23.3 grams each. Heavily corroded but with enough detail to attribute, some with bold partial dates, one with natural bubble-hole, all silvery from cleaning and polishing. With salvager’s certificates #9085, 9086, 9087, 9088, 9138, 9140, 9141 and 9142. Estimate: $400-$600.

863. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales Royal, 1724(?)J, unique and unlisted date.

S-M22. 4.2 grams. From time to time, shipwreck salvage turns up a coin that can only be described as a cosmic shame, when a unique and/or very valuable silver coin is virtually ruined by corrosion, like we have here: A round, perfectly struck Royal 4R with full legends reduced to dark, pitted thinness, yet with most details still faintly visible, including what appears to be a 1724 date (heretofore unknown), but also showing a stripped hole at the top, typical for the type. Undoubtedly not for the serious numismatist but perfect for anyone who ever wanted a Mexican Royal for under 5 figures! From the San JosĂŠ site, with official 1981 certificate from the Orange County, Florida, circuit court, signed by the appointed receiver (John Bamberg). Estimate: $200-up.

864. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM40a; CT-1031. 11.0 grams. Bold full date and mintmark, nearly full shield (uncorroded) and cross (moderately corroded), nicely toned. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

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Pillars

865. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1732F, very rare first date. KM-103; CT-774. 23.4 grams. The bold pillars side of this coin, arguably the more important side, could accurately be described as AU or even UNC, with no corrosion and lovely toning; the other side, however, is almost totally corroded away. With salvager’s certificate #9084. Estimate: $700$1,000. 866. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1732F, very rare first date. KM-103; CT-774. 18.9 grams. Brightly polished and heavily corroded but with all details (including the allimportant date) still somewhat readable. With salvager’s certificate #9082. Estimate: $500-$750.

867. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1732F, very rare first date. KM-103; CT-774. 20.5 grams. Clear date despite heavy corrosion on pillars side, the shield side encrusted with black oxidation and probably also heavily corroded. With salvager’s certificate #9083. Estimate: $400-$600.

868. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, mintmark M.X, very rare. KM-103; CT-772. 23.6 grams. A close second in rarity to the 1732 first year of issue is the one-year variety of 1733 with mintmark M.X, a surprising departure from the almost 200-year prior history of using oM for the mintmark, this specimen with clear details except for about half of the edge, which is corroded, and with some dark oxidation more centrally. A slightly inferior example in our last auction hammered at $2400. From the San José site, with official 1981 certificate from the Orange County, Florida, circuit court, signed by the appointed receiver (John Bamberg). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000. 206


869. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1733F, rare. KM-103; CT-775. 26.2 grams. Large and somewhat ovoid flan with AU details, no corrosion to speak of but small spots of dark staining. From the San José site, with official 1981 certificate from the Orange County, Florida, circuit court, signed by the appointed receiver (John Bamberg). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands 870. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, assayer R (172930), mounted in 14K gold necklace bezel. S-M24; KM-47a. Good full cross and oMR, nearly full shield, but moderately corroded all over, counter-mounted with shieldside out. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $500$750. 33.5 grams.

871. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 872. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1734. KM-95.3. 32.6 grams. Choice Mint State with deep toning as usual but with weak area near edge and off-center strike, undamaged and attractive. Housed in clamshell box with name of wreck printed inside. Estimate: $250-$375.

1734. KM-80. 32.4 grams. Lustrous Mint State (no toning), well struck and choice. Housed in clamshell box and with certificate from the salvagers, also pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #7, with original lot-tag #591. Estimate: $250-$375.

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873. “Biscuitized” Dutch ducatoon in clump of encrustation and debris. 97.3 grams. This piece consists of mostly debris (several rocks and/or musketballs), the coin completely cocooned except for a small part of the edge, which is dark and corroded, overall predominantly orange in color. Estimate: $70-$100.

874. “Biscuitized” Dutch ducatoon with encrustation. 56.7 grams. Typical thick wafer of dark-gray oxidation inside which is a whole coin, the outside with raised area on one side and mound of white on the other. Estimate: $70-$100.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England Cobs

875. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)20J, rare. M22; KM-47. 26.4 grams. Full 20 of

S-

date to left of most of crown, some shield, full cross, crude weak strike as usual but no corrosion, with dark encrustation at top. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

876. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1727D, rare.

S-

Full date with possible 7/6 overdate, full oMD, decent cross, some shield, but typically mostly flat, light corrosion in places near edge only, lightly toned. Estimate: $450-$675. M23a; KM-47; CT-753. 25.8 grams.

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877. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer 880. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)29R. D (1726-8). S-M23a; KM-47. 26.3 grams. Interesting shape (sort of a long urn with spout at top), and nicely uncorroded, with good full cross, nearly full shield, lightly toned. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

S-M24;

KM-47a; CT-754. 26.1 grams. Clear date and oM, most of shield (nice), cross a bit weak (as made), no corrosion, some dark spots and orange sediment in crevices. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

881. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KM878. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer

47a; CT-755. 26.4 grams. Gorgeous full cross, nice shield and crown,

D (1726-8). S-M23a; KM-47. 25.6 grams. Odd shape (straight on 3 sides but 1 side rounded), with bold oMD, some shield and cross but mostly flat as made, light corrosion only. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

bold oMR, but some flat areas, including where the date faintly appears, contrasting dark sediment in crevices. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

879. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1729R. S-M24; KM- 882. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KM47a; CT-754. 25.9 grams. Very

odd shape (large heart?), with clear date and oM, nearly full cross and shield, minimal corrosion, some raised dark areas. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

Thick, squarish flan with full oMR and clear date, decent cross, full but corroded shield and crown, some dark spots. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125$200. 47a; CT-755. 25.4 grams.

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883. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)30R.

S-M24;

Sharp details in parts of shield and crown and cross, and bold oM, attractively uncorroded, but with peripheral flatness as made. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. KM-47a; CT-755. 26.3 grams.

886. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1729-30)R. S-M24; KM-47a. 26.2 grams. Odd

shape with 2 sides straight and 2 sides curved, choice full shield with clear oMR and 8 nicely aligned with the parallel sides, nearly full but slightly crude cross, minimal corrosion, contrasting toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

884. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1729-30)R. S-M24; 887. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 17(29-30)R. S-M24; KM-47a. 26.2 grams. Curious natural bubble-hole in center, choice

strike with full shield and oMR and cross, no corrosion, contrasting dark sediment in crevices. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-47a. 26.7 grams. Choice full shield, bold oMR and 17 of

date, nearly full cross, no corrosion, contrasting dark sediment in crevices. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

885. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1729-30)R. S-M24; 888. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1729-30)R. S-M24; Interesting shape (bird profile?), with bold and nearly full cross and shield, minimal corrosion, contrasting toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. KM-47a. 25.5 grams.

Bold assayer R and denomination 8, good full cross, nearly full shield, no corrosion but some flatness, toned around details. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. KM-47a. 25.5 grams.

210


889. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayers not visible. 103.8 grams total. Solid coins with little or no corrosion, decent (or better) crosses and shields, some lightly toned. With certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $400-$600.

890. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1729R. S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1024. 13.2 grams. Choice full shield and cross, bold oMR, bottom half of date, no corrosion but some dark areas and with dark orange sediment in crevices. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225. 891. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1729R. S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1024. 13.0 grams. Bold oMR, good full cross and nearly full shield, clear 172 but weak 9 of date, no corrosion, contrasting toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. 892. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1026. 13.4 grams. Full date, nearly full shield and cross, the latter slightly doubled, minimal corrosion, toned around details. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

893. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1026. 13.3 grams. Bold date and oMR, decent cross, no corrosion but some dark areas (black and orange). With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. 894. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1026. 13.5 grams. Roundish flan with full oMR and bold bottom half of date, good cross, some flatness but no corrosion, contrasting toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. 895. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1026. 13.2 grams. Thick and solid, with 5 sharply cut sides, most of shield and oMR and date and cross, minimal corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. 211


896. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 1730R. S-M24; KMBold oMR, clear date, most of shield and cross, no corrosion but some dark spots. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200. 40a; CT-1026. 13.4 grams.

897. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, 173(0)R. 898. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1729S-M24; KM-40a; CT-1026. 39.6 grams total. Solid coins (no corrosion),

with full oMR, partial dates, decent crosses. With certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

30)R. S-M24; KM-40a. 39.4 grams total. Solid coins (no corrosion), with full and bold oMR, decent crosses and shields. With certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

Pillars

899. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-103; CT-778. 26.6 grams. AU details against lustrous fields, no corrosion at all, toning here and there, top quality from this wreck. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450. 900. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-103; CT-778. 26.6 grams. XF details, no corrosion but uneven toning and some small dark spots, striations on fields from cleaning. Estimate: $250-$375. 901. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF. KM-103; CT-778. 25.3 grams. Bold XF with toning around details, minimal corrosion, matte fields. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

212


902. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

905. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

KM-103; CT-778. 25.8 grams.

Very bold XF details, minimal corrosion (fields a little grainy), nicely toned. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

XF details, light corrosion in some places, spots of dark encrustation. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-103; CT-778. 26.6 grams.

903. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

906. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

KM-103; CT-778. 26.1 grams.

Bold XF details with nice toning, minimal corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-103; CT-779. 26.3 grams.

904. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

907. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

KM-103; CT-778. 26.2 grams. Lustrous (and nicely toned) fields but

with weaker strike than usual (VF details), no corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-103; CT-779. 26.5 grams. AU details, lustrous fields with uneven toning, orange sediment in crevices of shield, no corrosion. Estimate: $250-$375.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.iCollector.com/sedwick

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

Bold XF details enhanced by contrasting toning on fields, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $250-$375.

213


908. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

911. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

XF details (softly struck) against lustrous and nicely toned fields, no corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-103; CT-779. 26.8 grams. Bold XF details despite light corrosion, nicely toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-779. 26.7 grams.

912. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF. 909. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF. KM-103; CT-779. 26.4 grams. AU details, lightly toned and lustrous

fields, no corrosion except for center of shield. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

Bold XF with toning around some details, light corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-779. 26.3 grams.

913. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. 910. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1735MF.

KM-103; CT-780. 25.8 grams. Bold XF+ with lustrous fields shining

KM-103; CT-779. 25.6 grams. Bold XF with deep contrasting toning

through patches of dark toning, no noticeable corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

around details, light surface corrosion on shield side only. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

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914. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-103; CT-780. 26.5 grams. Bold XF+ with lustrous fields, minimal

917. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF.

corrosion, sparse toning. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-103; CT-780. 26.8 grams.

No corrosion, dark toning on fields contrasting with bold XF details. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

915. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-103; CT-780. 26.8 grams. Highly lustrous fields with AU details,

918. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF.

attractively toned all over, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $250$375.

KM-103; CT-780. 26.7 grams.

Lustrous fields with light toning contrasting with bold XF details, no corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

916. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-103; CT-780. 26.5 grams. Very

bold XF details, lustrous fields, nicely toned, no corrosion. Estimate: $250-$375.

919. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. Very lustrous fields, AU details, minimal toning and corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-103; CT-780. 26.7 grams.

920. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. Bold XF details with contrasting toning, light corrosion all over. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-780. 25.7 grams.

215


921. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. Bold XF details, somewhat lustrous and toned, slightly crude edge as made. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-103; CT-780. 26.6 grams.

924. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. Bold AU details, choice, lustrous surfaces with light toning, no corrosion. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-103; CT-781. 26.7 grams.

925. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. 922. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. Very bold XF details enhanced by contrasting toning, hint of corrosion only. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-103; CT-780. 26.6 grams.

923. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. Moderately to heavily corroded but with important details (like date and mintmark) still clear. Estimate: $150-$225. KM-103; CT-780. 24.5 grams.

KM-103; CT-781. 26.6 grams. Choice, uncorroded AU with lustrous and lightly toned fields, much better than usual for this wreck. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of March 31-April 1, 2006, with original lot-tag #332. Estimate: $250-$375.

926. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. Choice XF details with contrasting toning, no corrosion, muted luster. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-103; CT-781. 26.6 grams.

927. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. KM-103; CT-781. 26.6 grams. Lustrous AU

with bold details, some toning, virtually corrosion-free. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

216


928. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF.

931. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF.

XF details with weak spot in center of shield and crown, light surface corrosion, patchy toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

Bold XF, no corrosion, toned now but once brightly cleaned. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-781. 26.5 grams.

KM-103; CT-781. 26.3 grams.

932. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. KM-103; CT-781. 26.5 grams. Bold XF/AU details with hint of

XF with bold details but polished surfaces, now retoned. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

930. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF.

933. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF.

Bold AXF with nicely contrasting toning, no corrosion but minor flaws and black spots. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-781. 26.5 grams. Bold XF, no corrosion, lightly polished

929. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. luster and toning, light corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

KM-103; CT-781. 26.6 grams.

KM-103; CT-781. 26.7 grams. Corrosion-free

surfaces with light toning, spots of black. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

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934. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF. XF details, some lustrous surfaces and dark spots, minimal corrosion. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300. 935. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF. KM-103; CT-783. 26.3 grams. Bold XF details, very light corrosion, some dark areas. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200$300. 936. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF. KM-103; CT-783. 26.2 grams. Lightly toned all over, with light corrosion, nice XF details. With certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-103; CT-783. 26.0 grams.

937. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, date-run of 1735MF, 1736MF and 1737MF. KM-103. 78.4 grams total. Good details (XF) despite light corrosion and some encrustation, generally nicely toned. With certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $500-$750.

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218


938. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF (1) and 1737MF (4). KM-103. 129.7 grams total. Good details (XF) despite light corrosion and some encrustation, generally nicely toned. With certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England Pillars

939. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF, mounted in a sterling silver bezel (hearts design) with necklace. KM-103; CT-780. 41.6 grams total. Decent coin with VF details, light corrosion only but silvery from cleaning, ready to wear. Estimate: $125-$200.

219


940. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1738MF, mounted in a sterling silver bezel with necklace. KM-103; CT-783. 38.7 grams total. XF details but lightly corroded, reddish toning, simple bezel, ready to wear. Estimate: $125-$200. 941. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF. KM-94; CT-1057. 26.5 grams. Bold AU details, minimal corrosion, silvery from cleaning but no major damage. Housed in an Isles of Scilly cardboard box and with original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150. 942. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF, mounted in sterling silver bezel with necklace. KM-103; CT791. 42.4 grams total. Bold XF with nice toning, some moderate corrosion, simple bezel, ready to wear. Estimate: $125-$200.

943. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF and 1741MF. KM-103. 49.1 grams total. Solid but lightly to moderately corroded specimens with clear details, nicely toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

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944. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1738MF, mounted in a sterling silver bezel with necklace. KM-94; CT-1054. 23.9 grams total. Bold VF/XF with minimal corrosion, muted luster, simple bezel, ready to wear. Estimate: $125-$200. 945. Promotional set of 2 “bits” cut from Hollandia pillar dollars. A bit of modern trickery, as these crudely cut 1/8 wedges (showing lightly corroded VF detail and dark surfaces) were crafted in the 1970s by a Texas dealer who handled the bulk of Hollandia coins in the US, this pair with very nice promotional display (first we have seen like this). Housed in a Capital Plastic holder inside a folio that says “TWO BITS” (no mention of the shipwreck). Estimate: $60-$90.

Dutch 946. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1659, mounted in a sterling silver bezel with necklace. KM-72.2. 49.7 grams total. Choice specimen with full details, no corrosion at all, no toning, simple bezel, ready to wear. Estimate: $125-$200.

947. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1661. KM-72.2. 31.9 grams. Full and bold details all over, and nicely toned, but moderately corroded in places and with some damage in center of reverse from salvage. Estimate: $125-$200. 948. Overijssel, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1742. KM-80. 32.0 grams. Choice, crisp AU details (fully visible) with a few light marks and spots of dark encrustation. Estimate: $150-$225.

221


Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa Lots/clumps 949. Clump of 21 small cobs of Lima, Peru, and PotosĂ­, Bolivia. 103 grams. Very attractive display, the coins blossoming from a core matrix of pebbly encrustation, in a mix of denominations from 1/2R to 2R, most with clear details, a lovely demonstration of how the coins clump together under the waves. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

950. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, and Lima, Peru, cob 1R, all with visible dates in the 1730s. 9.9 grams total. Generally decent crosses and pillars despite typically moderate corrosion, nicely toned. With photo-certificates. Estimate: $300-$450. 951. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, and Lima, Peru, cob 2R, from the 1730s, two with visible dates. 14.0 grams. Generally decent crosses and pillars despite typically moderate corrosion. With photo-certificates. Estimate: $275-$400. 952. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob minors: 2R 1726M and 1R 1736M. 8.9 grams total. Decent crosses, certain dates, solid and only lightly corroded. Estimate: $90-$135.

Lima, Peru

953. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1707H, scarce.

Full pillars-and-waves and cross despite moderate corrosion, low contrast (somewhat weak details), 2 partial dates. Estimate: $100-$150. 954. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1736N. S-L21; KM-31a; CT-1512. 2.8 grams. One bold castle and top of one pillar, minimal corrosion, crude edge but the planchet naturally heart-shaped. Estimate: $125-$200. S-L17; KM-33. 11.6 grams.

222


Potosí, Bolivia

955. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1697CH, rare. S-P41; KM26; CT-384. 25.0 grams. Choice full cross with clear P to left, CH to right and date below, nearly full but slightly doubled pillarsand-waves with second CH and 2 more dates, nicely toned, moderately corroded. A decent CH coin is hard to find! Estimate: $500-$750. 956. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1710Y, rare. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-870. 24.3 grams. Heart-shaped flan due to corrosion loss at edge, good full cross and pillars for the era, clear date, no surface corrosion, toned around details. Estimate: $200-$300. 957. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1713Y, rare with full 4digit date below cross. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-873. 23.9 grams. Two bold dates, including the rare 1713 below the cross, nearly full cross and pillars, moderate corrosion and spots of dark encrustation. Estimate: $300-$450.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

958. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1740MF. KM-94; CT-1057. 25.4 grams. Nice (XF) detail and beautiful toning

despite light to moderate corrosion. Estimate: $200-$300.

959. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF. Bold AU details with no corrosion, just not toned like most from this wreck. With original certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375. 960. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1741MF. KM-103; CT-791. 24.7 grams. Richly toned and well detailed (XF/ AU) but with moderate corrosion on shield side. Estimate: $150-$225. KM-103; CT-791. 26.3 grams.

223


961. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742MF. KM-103; CT-793. 24.8 grams. Bold XF details with corrosion around

edge only, richly toned all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

962. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF. KM-103; CT-797. 26.3 grams. Gorgeous,

corrosion-free XF+ with contrasting toning on fields, choice specimen. Estimate: $350$500. 963. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF. KM-103; CT-797. 26.6 grams. Corrosion-free XF with muted luster, light toning, slightly off-center strike. Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #7, with original lot tag #643. Estimate: $250-$375.

Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay

964. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1731M. S-P44; KM-31a; CT- 966. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1736E. S-P46; KM-30a; CTFull waves below bold date, nearly full cross, heavily corroded, with curious reddish toning in pits. With Almeida photo-certificate #970049. Estimate: $125-$200. 829. 18.0 grams.

1118. 12.5 grams. Two bold dates, one full pillar, nearly full cross, toned, light corrosion, edge-split. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $175-$250.

967. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1749q. S-P50a; KM-39; CTBold strike with 2 full dates, nearly full cross (slightly off-center) and pillars, moderate corrosion but nice toning. With Almeida photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

436. 8.4 grams.

965. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1747q. S-P50a; KM-40; CT357. 19.5 grams. Nice full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and

assayers and mintmarks, solid but somewhat corroded as usual, toned around details. With photo-certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

224


Auguste, sunk in 1761 off Nova Scotia, Canada 968. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1756MM. KM-104.2; CT-340. 26.4 grams. Choice, well-detailed AU with dark toning, no corrosion. Pedigreed to the C NA auction of July 18-20, 2008, with original lot-tag #2548 and small certificate #551. Estimate: $200-$300.

“Count Ernst Schimmelmann wreck,” sunk in 1781 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 969. Sweden (Avesta), copper “plate money” 4 dalers, Frederik I, 1723. KM-PM74. 2593 grams, approx. 9" square. A huge copper square with central stamp and 3 of the 4 corner stamps full and clear, some corrosion at edges but mostly solid, somewhat scarce as the largest denomination found on either of the 2 wrecks (the other being the Nicobar of 1783) known to have yielded these bulky pieces that were once coins but demoted to mere ingots after demonetization in 1768. With Arqueonautas certificate #MAI-010/99/20415.8. Estimate: $600$900.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans, Louisiana

970. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI,

971. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III,

1757M, both crowns royal, scarce from this wreck. KMWorn and lightly corroded but with all details clear (Fine), no toning, better variety for the date. With Reahard certificate. Estimate: $90-$135.

1776FM. KM-106.2; CT-921. 23.1 grams. Bold XF details except for corroded areas at rims and on reverse, nicely toned, popular date for US collectors. With certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $200-$300.

86.1; CT-497. 5.6 grams.

225


972. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-106.2; CT-933. 25.2 grams. AVF details with weak centers, no corrosion except at parts of rim, light toning around details. With original 1996 certificate from the salvagers (Grumpy, Inc.). Estimate: $125-$200. 973. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF, in promotional box. KM-106.2; CT-933. 24.4 grams. Bold strike, XF details, typically silvery and lightly corroded. Housed in Washington Mint promotional box. Estimate: $60-$90.

974. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1776FM, rare denomination from this wreck. KM-97.2; CT-1138. 11.9 grams. A little worn (Fine) but not overly corroded, nice contrast from toning, popular date for US collectors. With certificate from

the salvager. Estimate: $300-$450. 975. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1783FF, rare denomination from this wreck. KM-97.2; CT-1145. 11.6 grams. Nice XF+ details despite light corrosion all over, no toning. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $200-$300.

976. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1776FM. KM-88.2; CT-1343. 4.9 grams. Some corrosion and wear but still nicely detailed and with contrasting toning, popular date for US collectors. With certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $80-$120.

977. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-88.2; CT-1350. 6.4 grams. Lustrous UNC with full details, light rainbow toning, only a hint of corrosion, one of a handful of top-grade specimens from this wreck. With insert-card signed by the salvager. Estimate: $500-$750. 978. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-88.2; CT-1350. 6.5 grams. Full details (XF) and especially nice rims, no corrosion or toning, matte surfaces. With original 1999 certificate from the salvagers (Grumpy, Inc.). Estimate: $70-$100. 979. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1776FM. KM-78.2; CT-1558. 2.6 grams. Worn and typically corroded but with all details still visible (Fine or so), lightly toned, popular date for US collectors. With certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $50-$75.

226


980. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-78.2; CT-1565. 3.1 grams. VF details and nice rims despite light to moderate corrosion, silvery from cleaning. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $40-$60. 981. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1776FM. KM-69.2; CT-1768. 1.5 grams. Worn (VG) but not overly corroded, some toning, clear details, popular date for US collectors. With certificate from the salvager. Estimate: $50-$75. 982. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-69.2; CT-1775. 1.6 grams. Corrosion-free AU with toning, nice rims, choice specimen from this wreck. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $125-$200. 983. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-69.2; CT-1775. 1.3 grams. Bold XF details despite light corrosion all over, silvery from cleaning, particularly good rims. With Reahard certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Hartwell, sunk in 1787 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 984. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1786FM. KM-106.2; CT-939. 23.4 grams. Bold VF details despite light corrosion, nicely contrasting toning. With original certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #7, with original lot-tag #663. Estimate: $70-$100.

Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 off Cornwall, England

985. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, rare. S-L5; KM-18.1. 25.9 grams. A desirable issue that was never authorized by the crown, this one a particularly rare variety with mint name spelled out as LIMA, centers of both sides 100% full but slightly doubled (full assayer V and date 1659, plus full cross-lions-castles), very solid and uncorroded, darkly toned as is typical for this wreck, which is known for late-1600s cobs of Potosí (in addition to some very rare Colombian cobs), for its coin cargo was stored in the Bank of England for nearly 100 years prior to the loss. Since Lima did not strike any coins from 1661 to 1683, coins from that mint are relatively rare from this wreck. Pedigreed to the Baldwin auction of October 11, 1995, with original certificate and auction catalog (plate coin). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000. 227


986. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1666E. S-P37a; KM-21. 25.6 grams. Broad

flan, somewhat urn-shaped, with good full cross, full crown above full but somewhat flat pillars, light wear but not corroded, darkly toned all over (no contrast), bold king’s ordinal IIII in legend. With Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $200-$300. 987. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1674(?)E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-349. 26.1 grams. Worn but not corroded, with full cross and pillars, lightly toned, parts of edge crude. With original certificate from the divers and Art Smith photo-certificate. Estimate: $100-$150. 988. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT350. 26.0 grams. Darkly toned as usual but no corrosion, good full pillars-and-waves, full but partially flat cross, 3 bold mintmarks, much legend. Estimate: $150-$225.

Leocadia, sunk in 1800 off Ecuador

989. Clump of 5 Spanish colonial bust 8 reales in a neat stack. 138 grams. Tight stack of well-preserved coins, but with only a few reverse details on one end as the rest is totally covered in green and white encrustation and debris. From the Dr. E. Lee Spence collection. Estimate: $300-$450. 990. Clump of 3 Spanish colonial bust 8 reales in a neat stack. 86 grams. Solid coins, two firmly sandwiched but the third coin offset and showing almost the whole reverse, the rest heavily encrusted in green in white. From the Dr. E. Lee Spence collection. Estimate: $200-$300.

228


Roberts, sunk in 1810 off Vero Beach, Florida 991. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (“armored bust”), 1809TH. KM-110; CT-539. 25.0 grams. Typically silvery from cleaning (no contrast) but with bold XF details, light corrosion only in some areas. With Sedwick certificate from 2002. Estimate: $150-$225.

“1810 wreck,” sunk off Ft. Pierce, Florida

992. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1793FM. KM-109; CT-686. 20.5 grams. Worn and corroded but with nearly all details still clear (VG), no toning. This wreck is also known as “Archie’s Seabreeze wreck” and is popularly believed to be the Union (Spanish, London-bound from Havana), but officially it has never been certified as more than just “1810 wreck.” With Mel Fisher photo-certificate #22238. Estimate: $75-$110. 993. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808M. KM-64. 21.4 grams. Bold Fine details despite moderate corrosion, some black spots but otherwise no toning. This wreck is also known as “Archie’s Seabreeze wreck” and is popularly believed to be the Union (Spanish, London-bound from Havana), but officially it has never been certified as more than just “1810 wreck.” Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #3, with lot-tag #385 and with Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) photo-certificate #22386. Estimate: $60-$90.

Unidentified early-1800s wreck off Cádiz, Spain

994. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808TH. KM-109; CT-709. 26.5 grams. VF details and a hint of luster on fields but with light sheen of corrosion, spots of toning. Estimate: $75-$110. 995. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII (“armored” bust), 1810HJ. KM-110; CT-543. 26.7 grams. Bold AXF, no corrosion but lots of tiny marks, no toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

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996. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804JP. KM-97; CT-661. 25.8 grams. Lightly toned F, worn but not really corroded, crude rims and minor flaws in bust. Estimate: $75-$110. 997. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1807JP. KM-97; CT-664. 25.4 grams. Crisp XF details despite very light corrosion on obverse only, bits on toning in legends but otherwise silvery. Estimate: $90-$135.

998. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1793PR, with English countermark of George III on bust (1797), very rare as from a wreck. KM-73; CT-714. 22.7 grams. The boldest thing on this moderately corroded coin is the countermark in the king’s neck, a scarce and popular issue that is almost never found on a wreck, the rest of the coin with fairly clear details, with patches of dark encrustation (especially on the reverse). Estimate: $150-$225. 999. Seville, Spain, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1774CF. KM-414.2. 25.0 grams. Bold VF but corroded and scratched, particularly bold legends, mostly silvery but some spots of dark toning. Estimate: $75-$110.

1000. Lot of 2 Spanish colonial bust 8R fragments, cut into “small change” before the wreck. 34.7 grams total. The bigger piece in this lot (21.7 grams) has nice VF details despite surface corrosion and toning, the missing pieces from two places in the edge apparently clipped and/or broken off in somewhat random fashion; the other coin (13.1 grams) was cut more regularly with two cuts through the center to approximate a half dollar, but with more corrosion and less detail (VG). An interesting pair, to be sure. Estimate: $50-$100.

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1001. Massive lot of 75 Spanish and Spanish colonial bust 8R dated 1775-1812. 1884 grams total. A wide range of types and mints and dates, and also a mix of qualities, some lightly corroded and others near pristine, some darkly toned and others brightly cleaned; in short, a whole bagful of eminently marketable coins for the reseller. (Note: These coins were consigned as simply being from a wreck off Cádiz. In the past we have offered coins from the same wreck and pegged it to ca. 1810 based on the coin dates. Other coins from this wreck, however, were certified as being from an 1828 wreck named Black Joke, but we could never find any substantiation for that attribution, especially since the coin dates did not make sense for something that late. With this new lot, dated up to and including 1812, the Black Joke theory becomes slightly more viable.) Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

S.S. Central America, sunk in 1857 in deep water off North Carolina 1002. Santiago, Chile, 50 centavos, 1853, encapsulated PCGS Certified S.S. Central America Treasure. KM-128. Lustrous XF+ details where it is not corroded, which is all of the shield side and about half the condor side, popular as an “affordable” coin from this wreck. Estimate: $150-$225.

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S.S. Republic, sunk in 1865 in deep water off Savannah, Georgia

1003. USA (New Orleans mint), seated Liberty 50c, 1858-O, encapsulated NGC “shipwreck effect,” housed in special, wooden presentation box with DVD. KM-A68. 10-1/2" x 7" x 2-1/2". UNC details but frosty white surfaces with a few minor marks, popular shipwreck and impressive display. With wooden presentation box with DVD. Estimate: $350-$500. 1004. USA (New Orleans mint), seated Liberty 50c, 1859-O, 9 in border, encapsulated NGC “shipwreck effect,” with wreck provenance stated inside slab. KM-A68. Lustrous UNC with only a hint of corrosion at rims. Estimate: $300-$450. 1005. Official silver replica of a USA (New Orleans mint), seated Liberty 50c, 1858-O, hand-inscribed with “WAR 1861” in obverse fields and “E G” in reverse fields, encapsulated NGC and housed in special, wooden presentation box with DVD. 10-1/2" x 7" x 2-1/2". Frosty white surfaces to look like the actual specimen found on the wreck, a poignant reminder that the ship sank just after the US Civil War, impressively presented. With wooden presentation box with DVD. Estimate: $100-$150.

“Manila Bay treasure,” dumped off the Philippines in 1942

1008. Philippines, 1 peso, 1909. KM-172. 19.9 grams. Matte XF+ 1006. Philippines, 1 peso, 1908. KM-172. 19.9 grams. Matte XF+, with frosty fields, hint of luster and toning, no corrosion.

no corrosion, starting to tone. Estimate: $100-$150.

1007. Philippines, 1 peso, 1909.

Estimate: $100-$150.

Lightly rainbow-toned XF+ with much original luster, no corrosion but a few minor marks. Estimate: $100-$150. KM-172. 20.0 grams.

1009. Philippines, 1 peso, 1909. KM-172. 19.9 grams. Lightly toned AVF, no corrosion but some wear. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1010. Lot of 15 Philippines pesos, dated 1907-1910, all San Francisco mint. corrosion but some with dark stains, great lot for resale. Estimate: $500-$750.

1011. Philippines, silver “Wilson dollar” medal, 1920. 27.4 grams. Technically a medal (struck to commemorate the opening

of the Manila mint in this year) but circulated as a dollar, this specimen with bold details, especially the obverse (the reverse more worn), lightly toned near rims, no corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150. 1012. Lot of two Philippines “Wilson dollar” medals, 1920, one in silver and the other in bronze. 44.7 grams total. Both corroded but the bronze one more so, still with clear details. Estimate: $150-$225.

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KM-172. 296.1 grams total.

VF-XF, little no


1013. Philippines, peso, 1936, Roosevelt and Quezon. KM- 1016. Philippines, peso, 1936, Murphy and Quezon. 177. 18.2 grams. Deeply rainbow-toned all over, not really corroded

but some light wear (XF details). Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-

178. 18.7 grams. Bold VF, corrosion-free but once polished, now with light toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1017. Philippines, 50 centavos, 1936, Murphy and Quezon. KM-176. 8.8 grams.

Attractively rainbow-toned, the obverse

1014. Philippines, peso, 1936, Roosevelt and Quezon. KM- uncorroded XF, the reverse with light to moderate corrosion. 177. 18.9 grams. Bold XF with surface corrosion only at bottom-

left on reverse, somewhat silvery from cleaning. Estimate: $100-$150.

Estimate: $90-$135.

1018. Philippines, 50 centavos, 1936, Murphy and Quezon. KM-176. 9.5 grams. Bold

XF with light corrosion only inside the reverse-side rim, starting to tone. Estimate: $90-$135.

1015. Philippines, peso, 1936, Murphy and Quezon, possible contemporary forgery. KM-178. 15.5 grams. Corrosionfree XF, cleaned like the others, but with several tiny “pimples� on the surfaces and low weight that lead us to believe this coin was a forgery done in the 1930s and circulated with the genuine coins up until the sinking, which makes it that much more fascinating! Estimate: $100-$200.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

1019. Lot of 2 Philippines 50 centavos, 1936, Murphy and Quezon. KM-176. 17.6 grams total. Both lightly corroded but with bold details (VF), one toned and the other silvery and scratched on the reverse. Estimate: $150-$225.

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1020. Philippines, set of 1 peso Roosevelt and Quezon, 1 peso Murphy and Quezon, and 50 centavos Murphy and Quezon, all 1936, in a hardplastic display holder. Attractive display showing the 3 different issues, each one with bold XF details despite light to moderate corrosion, polished but starting to tone. Housed in a blue Capital Plastic holder printed with captions and PHILIPPINE ISLANDS / COMMEMORATIVE SILVER 1936 at top. Estimate: $150-$225.

1021. Massive lot of 140 Philippines silver coins of 1936, ready-made for 5-coin sets, consisting of pesos (28 of each type: Murphy and Quezon, Roosevelt and Quezon) and 50 centavos (84, three times 28, all Murphy and Quezon), along with hard-plastic display holder for 3 coins (one of each type). 1700 grams total. Solid coins, none worse than VF or too badly corroded (most only lightly so), some stained but most silvery, no big problems, ideal for a promotion and around 50 oz of pure silver in any case. With red Capital Plastic holder printed with captions and PHILIPPINE ISLANDS / COMMEMORATIVE SILVER 1936 at top. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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Session IV: Wednesday, April 27, 2011, 4:00 p.m. EDT Mexico Silver Cobs Charles-Joanna, “Early Series”

1024. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, 1022. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” oMo to left, oPo to right, G/X in legend. S-M4; KM-17. 13.5 grams. Choice details on both sides, including most of the legends, enabling full die-attribution with openlozenge shapes (diamonds) in legend on obverse (Nesmith 26a but different die), panel leaning left with dotted circles inside and on corners and crosses potent in legend on reverse (unlisted in Nesmith), and with clear REG/X at very end of legend, AXF with nicely toned fields, a salvaged coin that could easily pass for non-salvage. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550) Research Collection, with certificate, and pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #4, with original lot-tag #188. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

“Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9; KM-18; CT-84. 13.3 grams. Broad flan with full legends and inner details, high grade (XF+) but not much contrast, probably salvaged (microscopic pitting and green spots) but choice anyway. Estimate: $300$450.

1025. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna,

Charles-Joanna, “Late Series”

“Late Series,” assayer O to right, oM to left. S-M10; KM18; CT-89. 13.3 grams. Typically crude strike but with bold full pillars and shield (the latter doubled), some legend, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

1023. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” G to left, M to right. S-M2; KM-18; CT-80. 13.5 grams. Perfectly full legends and inner details on a broad flan, nicely toned AXF, really the ideal specimen without getting into AU+ grades. Estimate: $500-$750.

1026. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right, high grade. S-M10; with traces of luster but also signs of salvage (microscopic pitting, bits of black encrustation), with bold legends and crown, full but partially weak centers, off-center pillars side. Estimate: $150-$225. KM-18; CT-88. 13.5 grams. XF

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1027. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, M to right. S-M9; KM-12; CT-114. 6.7 grams. Choice detail on both sides, lightly toned AXF, much legend. Estimate: $125-$200. 1028. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9; KM-9; CT-145. 3.4 grams. Bold full pillars, full but doubled shield, nearly full legends, deeply rainbow-toned AXF. Estimate: $90-$135. 1029. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” M to left, L to right. S-M9; KM-9; CT-145. 3.2 grams. Round and well detailed, with nearly full legends, richly toned, AVF. Estimate: $90-$135.

1030. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, M to right.

S-M9; KM-9; CT-143. 3.3 grams.

Nice XF with bold legends, nice inner details and crown, just a couple minor flat areas. Estimate: $90-$135. 1031. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, oM to right. S-M9; KM-9; CT-144. 3.3 grams. Fine with bold details due to contrasting toning, some flat areas, no big problems. Estimate: $75-$110. 1032. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” L to left, oM to right. S-M9; KM-9; CT-144. 3.2 grams. Deeply toned VF with full legends and inner details. Estimate: $70-$100.

1033. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right. S-M10; KM-9; CT-150. 3.4 grams. Lustrous XF with streak of central flatness, slightly doubled shield, hint of toning near edge. Estimate: $75-$110. 1034. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” oM to left, O to right. S-M10; KM-9; CT-150. 3.3 grams. Good shield and pillars and crown, some bold legend where not flat, VF with dark area near edge. Estimate: $75-$110.

1035. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, 1R, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O (where visible). KM-9. 9.2 grams total. F-VF, one with hole (and polished), one with clip on edge and the third with test-cut, but all 3 with decent details and good for resale. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1036. Mexico City, Mexico, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series.” Nesmith-7a; KM-3.3. 5.5 grams. Exceptionally broad flan with full legends and inner details, Fine or better but with some encrustation, mostly good contrast. Estimate: $125-$200.

Shield-type

1037. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer F, with IIISPANIARVM error in legend. S-M12; KM-43; CT154. 27.2 grams. Good full shield and cross, nearly full crown, clear oMF to left, toned VF. Estimate: $150-$225.

1040. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1631/0(D), with chopmarks and test-cuts, very rare. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-unl. (Type 94). 27.0 grams. Big, thick flan with bold full date and denomination, full shield and cross, some flat spots but otherwise AVF, with bend in part of edge and several test-cuts and chopmarks of various sizes (from circulation in the Orient), including one swastika, an interesting coin for many reasons. Estimate: $350-$500.

1038. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)24/3D, scarce. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-314. 25.7 grams. Bold 24 of date with clear overdate, full oM, good full shield and cross, crude edge (as made), Fine with contrasting toning around details. Estimate: $350-$500.

1041. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (D, 1621-34), unique variety with Royal border on obverse. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-Type 94. 26.9 grams. Worn (VG) and crudely struck (much flatness and flawed area to upperleft of shield) but with clear rope-like border on shield side that is seen only on the Royals of 1618-1632 (see Lázaro 4144), also solid and thick. Estimate: $125-$200.

1039. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)628(D), rare. Bold bottom half of 28 of date and oM and 8, full but weak shield and cross, much flatness and only VG (yet with contrastingly toned fields), but the clear date is what’s important anyway. Estimate: $200-$300. S-M18a; KM-45; CT-321. 27.1 grams.

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Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).


1042. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1636/5P, very rare. S-M19; KM-unl. (cf. 45); CT-unl. (Type 94). 26.7 grams. Full date (the 3 with typically short tail) and oMP, clear overdate (first we have seen), full cross, most of shield, much flatness and somewhat crude, toned About Fine. Estimate: $400-$600.

1043. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1643/2P, very rare. S-M19; KM-unl. (cf. 45); CT-unl. (Type 94). 27.3 grams. Full but crude date (the 3 formed by adding a thin tail to the 2), bold full oMP, good full shield and cross, classic “urn” shape, nicely toned Fine+. Estimate: $600-$900.

1045. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1649/8P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-348. 26.7 grams. Clear date and overdate and oMP, full but very crude and mostly flat shield and cross, crease in flan where bent and straightened, classic “urn” shape, lightly toned, VG. Estimate: $175-$250.

1046. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1651P.

S-M19;

KM-45; CT-351. 24.9 grams. Classic “urn” shape with bold full 651 of date and oMP, nearly full shield and cross, slightly grainy About Fine with spotty toning and tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. Estimate: $200-$300.

1044. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1646P, with chopmarks and test-cuts, rare. S-M19; KM-45; CT-343. 25.2 and bold date and oMP (possibly best known), also nice full shield and cross, toned F+, with one test-cut all the way down the middle and several smaller ones on the edge (part of which was probably lost when the cutting got too aggressive). Estimate: $400-$600. grams. Full

1047. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1654P.

S-M19;

KM-45; CT-360. 26.5 grams. Roundish flan with full date and oMP

and denomination, full and well-detailed shield and cross, VF with steel-gray toning, small edge-split. Estimate: $175-$250.

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1048. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1658P.

S-M19;

Clear date just outside full oMP, full denomination, nice full shield and cross with streak of flatness, AVF for wear, but contrastingly toned and with nice, natural, unaltered surfaces except for a hairline “3� in circle scratched near top. Estimate: $350-$500. KM-45; CT-366. 27.0 grams.

1051. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)661(P), rare. Interesting shape (big and somewhat rectangular), with bold 61 of date, nice full crown, nearly full cross and shield, attractively toned Fine, lots of flatness as usual. Estimate: $300-$450. S-M19; KM-45; CT-371. 26.8 grams.

1049. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1659/8P, rare, with chopmarks and test-cuts. S-M19; KM-45; CT-367. 26.7 Bold date (with clear overdate, first we have seen) and oMP, nice full cross (VF) but rest of coin mostly flat (as made), good toning, only a few small chopmarks and cuts as from circulation in the Orient. Estimate: $200-$300. grams.

1052. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1662P.

S-M19;

Bold oMP and clear bottom half of date, nice full cross and shield, some peripheral flatness (otherwise AVF) with edge-crack but nicely toned. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-45; CT-372. 26.7 grams.

1050. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1661/0P, very rare overdate. S-M19; KM-45; CT-unl. (Type 94). 25.8 grams. Full but crude date (possibly unique), full oMP, full but mostly flat shield and cross (net VG), thick and solid but with surface pitting, light toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

1053. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)663P.

S-M19;

Bold date and oMP and 8, full but partially weak shield and cross, nicely toned, AVF overall. Estimate: $300-$450. KM-45; CT-374. 26.9 grams.

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1054. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1664P, rare.

S-

1057. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)677G, rare. S-

M19; KM-45; CT-375. 27.2 grams.

Odd shape (like a barrel with a point at top-right), with full date, full cross and shield (the latter showing curved hammer-marks on either side), crudely toned surfaces but Fine+ overall. Estimate: $350-$500.

M20; KM-46; CT-277. 20.7 grams. Clear date, full oMG, choice full cross, half of shield and crown, nicely toned in crevices Fine details but lightly corroded as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $400-$600.

1055. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1665/4P, rare.

1058. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)679/8L, very

S-M19; KM-unl. (cf. 45); CT-unl. (Type 94). 27.5 grams. Thick, compact,

somewhat ovoid flan with bold oMP and most of date (first example of this overdate we have seen), good full cross, full but mostly flat shield, Fine+ with toning around details. Estimate: $300-$450.

rare overdate. S-M21; KM-unl. (cf. 46); CT-unl. (Type 73). 26.1 grams. Bold 7 and left side of 9/8 of date (first we have seen) and faint but full oML, some cross, but really very little else visible due to very weak strike (G overall), lightly toned, interesting shape, recovered from the Joanna (1682). Estimate: $300-$450.

1056. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)667G, rare,

1059. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1681L.

with chopmarks. S-19a; KM-45; CT-268. 27.4 grams. Clear bottom half of date, bold oM and certain G, good full cross, nearly full but mostly flat crown and shield, with a few tiny chopmarks from circulation in the Orient sprinkled on both sides, lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-46; CT-281. 19.6 grams. Full

S-M21;

and clear date and oM, good full cross despite moderate corrosion as from the Joanna (1682), otherwise About Fine. Estimate: $250-$375.

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1060. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)86L, rare. SM21; KM-46; CT-286. 21.6 grams. Small, rectangular flan with full 8

1063. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)92/0(L),

of date, bold full oML, decent cross and shield, lightly polished Fine now with light toning. The rarity of this date is best expressed by price realized for a holed VG (granted, with full date) sold by Spink America in 1995 for $3,740! Estimate: $350-$500.

very rare. S-M21; KM-unl. (cf. 46); CT-unl. (Type 73). 24.9 grams. Very odd shape, struck off-center with the 92 of the date quite bold (first we have ever seen with the overdate), nearly full shield and cross, Fine with light sediment in crevices. Estimate: $600$900.

1061. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1689L, extremely rare. S-M21; KM-46; CT-289. 26.4 grams. A fascinating and very distinctive coin, with bold date and oML, end of king’s name and ordinal II in legend, flat in centers (VF otherwise) but with long natural lacuna in surface, the obverse nicely aligned with its shape (top and bottom straight, the sides curved, wider at the bottom), attractively old-toned, and so rare that we cannot trace any other non-Royal examples. Pedigreed to the Stack’s auction of June, 1998, lot 942, also KM Plate Coin. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

1064. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)97(L),

1062. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)91(L), very rare. S-M21; KM-46; CT-291. 25.7 grams. Bold bottom half of 1 of date and enough of the left side of the 9 to confirm (first specimen we have ever heard of), solid coin but mostly flat as made (VG for actual wear). Estimate: $200-$300.

extremely rare. S-M21; KM-46; CT-297. 27.2 grams. Bold 97 of date, crude strike but some shield and most of cross visible despite flatness (otherwise Fine), leaning-rectangle shape, first specimen of this date we have seen anywhere. Estimate: $600$900.

1065. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1699L, very rare. Full date (possibly 9/7, but in any case the first non-Royal 1699 we have ever seen), full oM, good cross, nicely toned, but rather worn (Good) and with large hole near edge. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. S-M21; KM-46; CT-299. 26.2 grams.

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1066. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, 1069. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)718J, rare. Sassayer not visible, with Guatemala sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839). KM-46; CT-Type 73. 25.9 grams. Very odd shape with “eye” and “mouth” holes at one end, bold countermark on cross side, good full cross and upperleft of shield (otherwise flat), About Fine overall. Estimate: $250-$375.

Bold date, some shield and cross, technically AVF but flat and crude and very lightly corroded as from unspecified salvage (probably Akerendam of 1725). Estimate: $300-$450. M22; KM-47; CT-unl. (Type 142). 25.2 grams.

1070. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1720J.

S-M22;

Bold date and oMJ, most of shield and cross, VG or so but mostly flat and lightly corroded as from unspecified salvage, contrastingly toned. Estimate: $300$450. KM-47; CT-748. 24.3 grams.

1067. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)03L, with small chopmarks. S-M21a; KM-47; CT-733. 25.6 grams. Interesting shape and unusually high grade (XF), with nice full shield and cross, full 3 of date, just a couple small chopmarks (as from circulation in the Orient). Estimate: $300-$450.

1071. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1721J, rare. 1068. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1717J, very rare, with Guatemala sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839). S-M22; KM-47; CT-746. 26.2 grams. Bold oMJ, date weak but certain, some shield but the whole cross flat due to weak strike but with bold countermark in center, VG+ overall with contrasting toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

S-

Bold oMJ, full date, natural lacuna (bubble) on shield, the cross side nearly flat, toned around VG details but lightly corroded all over as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $175-$250. M22; KM-47; CT-unl. (Type 142). 21.8 grams.

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1075. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer 1072. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1722J, unique error struck from 4R obverse die. S-M22; KM-47; CT-749. 26.0 grams. Bold oMJ and denomination 4 flanking nearly full shield with full but weak date in periphery, nearly full cross, VG with contrasting toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

O to left. S-M11; KM-36; CT-335. 13.5 grams. Typically well-detailed full shield and cross, full crown, clear oMO to left, much legend, richly toned AXF with parts of edge slightly crude. Estimate: $150-$225.

1076. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip IV or

1073. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1725/4(D), Louis I, very rare. S-M23; KM-unl. (cf. 49); CT-unl. (Type 12). 26.7 grams. Bold full date with unique overdate, bold oM and most of cross, otherwise very crude and mostly flat (no better than G), with contrasting toning at least, attributable to Louis I because of the overdate but no part of the king’s name or ordinal visible. Estimate: $600-$900.

Charles II, assayer G, rare. 13.2 grams. Bold oMG (1666-77, rare type even without the date visible), most of crown, shield and cross but with much flatness as usual (toned Fine), with pointed part of edge bent into a right angle. Estimate: $125$200.

1077. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1)67(8?)L/G, rare. S-M21; KM-unl. (cf.39); CT-unl. (Type 91). 14.8 grams. Clear 67 of date but last digit a guess, the over-assayer a bit weak too, with good full shield and nearly full cross, nicely toned Fine, corroded on reverse but does not look salvaged. Estimate: $125-$200.

1078. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, (16)5(9?)(P). SM19; KM-unl. (cf. 33); CT-872. 6.7 grams. Full and well-

1074. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1726D.

S-M23a;

KM-47; CT-19 (under Louis I). 25.5 grams. Rectangular flan with sharp points, full date and oMD, full cross, typically crude strike, Fine with areas of dark toning, possibly salvaged (Rooswijk of 1739?). Estimate: $400-$600.

detailed shield that is distinctive for this period, nice full cross too, VF with some brown toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1079. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer O to left, oM to right.

S-M11; KM-26; CT-644. 3.2 grams.

Well-

detailed full cross and shield and crown, much legend, AVF with toning around details. Estimate: $70-$100. 1080. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer O to right, oM to left. S-M11; KM-26; CT-644. 2.4 grams. Full shield and cross and richly toned but lightly corroded all over (F otherwise) as from unspecified salvage, two small edge-splits. Estimate: $40-$60. 1081. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1619/8D/F. S-M18; KM-unl. (cf. 27.2); CT-unl. (Type 142). 3.3 grams. Full oMD/F, bottoms of digits of date, full but partially crude shield and cross, Fine+ with flat spots, nicely toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1082. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1R of Charles II. KM-29. 8.9 grams total. Toned Fine on average, decent crosses, good for jewelry. Estimate: $50-$75. 1083. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, (17)26(D), very rare. S-M23a; KM-30; CT-46 (under Louis I). 3.4 grams. Clear 26 of date, full shield, off-center cross, Fine+ with very light toning (not much contrast). Estimate: $175-$250. 1084. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1731F. S-M26; KM-30; CT-1587. 3.4 grams. Choice full cross, well centered and beautiful, the shield side a bit off-center but showing a bold full oMF and full date as a result, F/VF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $175-$250. 1085. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2R, assayer G, one Philip IV and the other Charles II. 3.1 grams total. A very interesting comparison, as both coins show a full oMG but the monograms (nearly full) are different, decent crosses, Fine or so, the earlier coin deeply toned. Estimate: $75-$110. 1086. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, (170)3L. S-M21a; KM-24; CT-1816. 1.6 grams. Full but weak cross, bold oM, weak but certain date, About Fine with crude edge. Estimate: $50-$75. 1087. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, (17)23(J), rare. S-M22; KM-24; CT-1836. 2.0 grams. Off-center obverse with resultantly full and bold 23 of date and nothing else, good full cross, interesting shape, lightly toned AVF where not flat. Estimate: $175$250.

Klippes 1088. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF.

S-

M28; KM-48; CT-768. 26.4 grams. Perfect

full details on both sides (including full date, which is not always the case) but with big holes at top and bottom, aligned axes, AVF with light toning on fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

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Lima Silver Cobs Shield-type

1089. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-148. 27.3 grams. Lustrous UNC (very rare grade for a cob), with choice full crown, full but partially weak shield and cross (uneven thickness), much legend, light tan sediment and toning in crevices, broad flan. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1092. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.4 grams. Full and well-detailed crown and shield, full but slightly doubled cross, deeply toned VF. Estimate: $125-$200.

1093. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-I to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-7; CT-634. 3.2 grams. Perfectly round flan (possibly lightly clipped), nice full shield and cross, deeply toned VF. Estimate: $100-$150.

1090. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-148. 27.4 grams. Thick, small-diameter flan with bold details, nice full crown and shield and cross (only a couple flat spots), full PHILIPPVS in legend, AVF with toning around details. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1094. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P to left and * to right of castle and lion. SL4; KM-2; CT-769. 0.9 gram. Full castle and lion, the lion side with P that looks more like an L, some legend, Fine details but salvaged, darkly toned on fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

1091. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.8 grams. Richly toned AU+ (rare grade) with low contrast but muted luster, full inner details (cross and shield) and nearly full legends and crown. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)


Pillars-and-waves

1095. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales Royal, 1685R, unique. S-L7; KM-unl. (cf. R24); CT-unl. (Type 66). 26.3 grams. Exceptionally broad flan (not perfectly round) with full and choice interior details and most of the legends visible, richly toned XF, axes almost aligned, with inconspicuously plugged hole at bottom. This coin is not only lovely, like most Royals, but is also the only specimen of this date recorded so far (missing in Lรกzaro) and among very few known for the type (Lima Charles II). Estimate: $15,000$22,500.

1096. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1686R. S-L7; KM-24; CT-229. 24.7 grams. Bold full cross-lions-castles, one full pillar with 2 bold mintmarks, VF details but salvaged (very light corrosion), toned fields. Pedigreed to the P.J. Byers collection. Estimate: $250-$375. 1097. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1687/6R, rare overdate. S-L7; KM-unl. (cf. 21); CT-unl. (Type 104). 6.9 grams. VF+ with flat areas, full cross with 2 nice castles, one bold full pillar and full waves (off-center), 2 dates and overdates, lightly toned. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection and to our Treasure Auction #6, with lot-tag #824. Estimate: $250-$375. 1098. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1687R. S-L7; KM-21; CT-561. 6.7 grams. Broad flan with nice full cross, full but dark and crudely toned pillars, 2 dates and assayers, VF overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

1099. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1692V. S-L10; KM-21; CT-565. 6.8 grams. Choice full crown over full pillars with bold mintmark and date, also full cross but flat in spots, AVF with nice toning, large flan. Estimate: $250-$375.

248


1100. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1693V.

S-L10; KM-21; CT-566. 6.4 grams. Exceptionally broad flan with full and well-centered cross and pillars, 2 dates, 3 mintmarks, lightly toned AVF with some flat areas. Estimate: $250-$375. 1101. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1696H. S-L13; KM-21; CT-569. 6.4 grams. Gorgeous full pillars, nearly full crown and cross with bold assayer to right, most of king’s name, richly toned AXF, among the finest known. Estimate: $350-$500. 1102. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1697H. S-L13; KM-21; CT-571. 6.2 grams. Choice full pillars and cross, Fine with nicely contrasting toning, but with several odd marks and slightly wrinkled. Estimate: $225-$350.

1103. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1698H. S-L13; KM-21; CT-572. 6.4 grams. Nice full pillars side, choice but off-center cross, bold king’s name in legend, 1-1/2 dates, 2 mintmarks and 3 assayers, VF+ with toned fields, very attractive. Estimate: $300-$450.

1104. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1700H. S-L15; KM-21; CT-575. 6.3 grams. Choice, full and well-centered pillars and cross, bold date, 2 bold mintmarks, Fine+ with contrastingly toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375. 1105. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1701H, posthumous Charles II. S-L15; KM-21; CT-576. 5.4 grams. Full pillars-and-waves, full but doubled cross, 2 dates, 3 assayers, AXF with patchy toning, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $250-$375.

1106. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1701H, posthumous Charles II. S-L15; KM-21; CT-576. 5.6 grams. Choice full pillars, full but slightly off-center cross, bold date, 3 assayers, most of king’s name, VF details but salvaged, with dark sediment in crevices. Estimate: $250-$375. 1107. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1702H. S-L15a; KM-32; CT-1191. 6.4 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves, good full cross, 2 dates, 3 assayers and mintmarks, AVF with darkly toned fields (good contrast). Estimate: $300-$450. 1108. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1703H. S-L15a; KM-32; CT-1192. 5.7 grams. Nice, well-centered full pillars and cross, 2 bold dates, 2 mintmarks and assayers, AVF with very light surface corrosion as from unspecified salvage, low contrast. Estimate: $250$375.

1109. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1704H. S-L15a; KM-32; CT-1193. 6.5 grams. Bold full cross (good contrast), full pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and assayers, nice VF. Estimate: $250-$375.

249


1110. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1705H.

S-L15a; KM-32; CT-1194. 5.7 grams. Broad flan with choice full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates and all 3 mintmarks and assayers, dark toning on fields (nice contrast), very light surface corrosion as from unspecified salvage (XF details). Estimate: $300-$450. 1111. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1705H. S-L15a; KM-32; CT-1194. 5.7 grams. Choice full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates, 3 mintmarks and assayers, AXF with dark toning on fields (nice contrast), large and oddly-shaped flan, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $250-$375. 1112. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1705H. S-L15a; KM-32; CT-1194. 6.1 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 bold dates and mintmarks and assayers, VF+ with lightly toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

1113. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1706H. S-L15a; KM-unl. (cf. 32); CT-1195. 6.3 grams. Full pillars-and-waves, nearly full cross, AVF with darkly contrasting fields, 2 dates and assayers. Estimate: $250-$375. 1114. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1707H. S-L17; KM-32; CT-1197. 5.8 grams. Richly old-toned AXF with full cross and pillars-andwaves, 2 dates and mintmarks, slightly crude edge (as made), inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $250-$375. 1115. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1708H. S-L17; KM-32; CT-1198. 6.3 grams. Bold full cross and pillars but with some flat areas, 3 dates (including full 1708 in legend), 2 assayers, bold Fine+ with darkly toned fields, light corrosion as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $250-$375.

1116. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales Royal, 1711M, rare. S-L20; KM-R32; CT-1180. 6.4 grams. Impressively large, round flan with full details (including legends), lightly toned but low contrast, VF with typical hole at one end of the cross. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

250


1117. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1718M. S-L20; KM-32; CT-1209. 6.4 grams. Bold, thick pillars and cross (both well centered), 2 dates, Fine with uneven toning, nice for the era. Estimate: $200-$300. 1118. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1718M. S-L20; KM-32; CT-1209. 6.2 grams. Broad flan with full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 mintmarks and denominations, Fine with flat spots. Estimate: $175-$250. 1119. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1719M. S-L20; KM-32; CT-1210. 6.3 grams. Bold and well-centered cross and pillars 2 dates and assayers, Fine+ with flat peripheries. Estimate: $200-$300.

1120. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1742V.

Big, thick flan with 2 dates and assayers but crude (mostly flat and with some old marks on pillars side), VG overall, light toning on fields. Estimate: $60-$90. 1121. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 2R, 1746V and 1752R, both rare. 12.2 grams total. Both crudely struck and no better than VG but with the critical dates both quite clear, also nicely toned. Both pedigreed to the Roberto Mastalir collection of Lima silver cobs. Estimate: $200-$300. S-L22; KM-32a; CT-1231. 6.3 grams.

1122. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cobs of Philip V: 2R, 1720M, holed; and 1/2R 1700. 7.1 grams total. 2R: broad flan, toned F, full pillars and cross, crudely holed at edge; 1/2R: full monogram, toned, VF details but corroded as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $75-$110. 1123. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, silver cobs: 2R, 174(?)V and 1741V; 1/2R, 1727(?). 10.6 grams total. Three typical cobs with honest wear (VG on average) and enough cross and pillar details to attribute the types. Estimate: $40-$60.

1124. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1687R. S-L7; KM-20; CT-674. 2.7 grams. Broad flan, nearly full cross, 2 bold assayers, 1-1/2 dates, About Fine with patchy toning. Estimate: $60$90.

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1125. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1691R. S-L9; KM-20; CT-680. 2.9 grams. Full pillars with bold date, most of cross, richly toned F/ VF. Estimate: $60-$90. 1126. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1692V. S-L10; KM-20; CT-682. 3.2 grams. Two bold dates, nearly full pillars-and-waves, off-center cross, Fine+, mostly darkly toned. Estimate: $70-$100. 1127. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1695R. S-L12; KM-20; CT-686. 3.2 grams. Choice and well-centered full cross and pillars, 2 dates, 3 mintmarks and assayers, VF with lightly toned fields, surely one of the best. Estimate: $80-$120. 1128. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1697H. S-L13; KM-20; CT-688. 3.4 grams. Full waves and one pillar with 1-1/2 dates on that side, off-center cross, 2 assayers, darkly toned Fine with slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $70-$100.

1129. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1699R. S-L14; KM-20; CT-691. 3.5 grams. Nice full cross and pillars, 3 mintmarks, 2-1/2 assayers, deeply toned VF+. Estimate: $70-$100. 1130. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1703H. S-L15a; KM-31; CT-1476. 2.7 grams. Nearly full pillars and cross but somewhat crude (flat peripheries), unevenly toned Fine. Estimate: $50-$75. 1131. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1711M. S-L20; KM-31; CT-1488. 3.5 grams. Good full cross and pillars, 2 dates, 3 assayers, toned AVF with flat spots, very light surface corrosion as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $90-$135. 1132. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1684. S-L6; KM-22; CT-785. 1.2 grams. Sharply cut sides as usual for this first date, with nice full monogram, decent cross, F details but lightly corroded as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $35-$50.

1133. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1695. S-L12; KM-22; CT-796. 1.4 grams. Broad flan with choice full cross and monogram, king’s ordinal II in legend, 2 bold dates, Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $70-$100. 1134. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1725, Louis I, rare. S-L20a; KM-A39; CT-52. 1.3 grams. Very odd shape with long, sharp point, full and bold date and monogram and cross, AVF details but lightly corroded as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $150$225. 1135. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, (175)0( R ), very rare error struck from 1E die. S-L23; KM-A41; CT-unl. 0.8 gram. Full but offcenter castle with R to right (only a handful known of this striking error), oversized cross, toned F with very light corrosion as from salvage (probably the Rimac River in Lima, where all of the known specimens of this error have been found). Estimate: $300-$450.

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Potosí Silver Cobs Shield-type

1136. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, P-B (3rd period). S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-114. 26.3 grams. Attractively toned AVF with full but slightly doubled crown and shield and cross, bold P-B and denomination, some legend. Estimate: $250-$375.

1137. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible (style of Ramos). S-P13; KM-5.1; CT-159. 27.2 grams. Bold VF+ details, full but slightly doubled shield and cross, toned around details and inside a natural pit near edge at top of reverse. Estimate: $150-$225.

1139. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. Round planchet with nice full shield, full but slightly doubled cross, full P-Q, AXF with spots of toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 27.3 grams.

1140. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, (161)7M. SP19; KM-10; CT-129. 20.1 grams. Good full shield and cross but somewhat crude in the peripheries (uneven thickness), and not just because of light clipping, still no worse than AVF and with bottom half of 7 of date and full king’s ordinal III in legend. Estimate: $100-$150.

1141. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 161(8-9)T, upper half 1138. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg). S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 26.4 grams. Big flan with small natural edge-split, full shield and cross, much legend, only Fine or so for wear but with nicely contrasting toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

of shield and quadrants of cross transposed. S-P21; KM-10; Fine with flat areas and faint hint of corrosion (probably from the Atocha of 1622), full shield with prominent transposition error, full tressure around somewhat weak cross. Estimate: $100-$150. CT-Type 58. 27.1 grams. Silvery

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1142. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)6ZIII (1623), assayer T, quadrants of cross transposed, very rare. Bold P*T (unusual ornament between the letters), denomination oVIII and king’s ordinal IIII outside of full shield, full cross on other side with clear bottom half of date, nice Fine with flat spots, nice example of a popular issue in which the dieengraver clearly lacked the digit-punches he needed and made do with the N (sideways) and I punches he had on hand. Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #4 (lot 694). Estimate: $800-$1,200. S-P22a; KM-19; CT-459. 27.0 grams.

1144. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (late 1620s). KM-19a; CT-Type 113. 25.3 grams. Good full shield and cross, bold denomination o-VIII, lightly toned AVF, the thick edge lightly clipped. Estimate: $80-$120.

1145. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)32T, rare.

S-P26;

Bold full Z (2) of date and .P.T., slightly off-center cross and nicely detailed shield but both with flat areas, unevenly thick AVF with light toning. Estimate: $250$375.

KM-19a; CT-474. 27.4 grams.

1143. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 16299 (doubled final digit), assayer not visible, large dots in border, denomination o-VIII, quadrants of cross transposed. KM19a; CT-Type 113. 25.9 grams. Bold full cross that is just off-center enough to allow the bottoms of the digits of the date to show (including the extra 9), full but slightly doubled shield, VF with low contrast. Estimate: $150-$225.

LOT VIEWING SCHEDULE: March 31-April 3: Whitman Baltimore Coin & Currency Expo April 14-17: Chicago International Coin Fair (CICF) April 4-13 and 18-25: by appointment at our private office in Winter Park, Florida (closed weekends and on Good Friday) 254


1146. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1637TR, very rare. S-P27; KM-R19a; CT-383. 27.4 grams. This is an 8R Royal in all its glory: broad, round, fully detailed (including the legends) and richly toned VF, with traces of gilding on reverse but remarkably unholed. In fact, this is technically the only “problem-free” specimen, as the other 4 known are either holed (Lázaro #96 and 97 and Calbetó #1006) or damaged (the Goodman specimen, Superior 6/96, lot #12, described as “heavily gold plated” and “an unprofessional attempt to remove the gilt [sic] left the surfaces with a peculiar texture”). Ours is therefore the finest known and is sure to appeal to the most sophisticated of collectors. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

1147. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (164)4T, Royal-like.

S-P30;

KM-19a; CT-491. 24.3 grams. Broad flan with choice full shield and cross

(the latter very slightly doubled) and much legend, VF+ with toned fields, clear 4 at end of date, a bit underweight but edges intact, probably a coin that should not have escaped the great recall in 1649. A gorgeous specimen in any case, far better than normal for this period, and well worth a premium. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1148. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1645T. S-P30; KM-19a; CT-492. 26.5 grams. Unusually full date, full but crude and partially flat cross and shield, bold denomination “oo” vertically, Fine+ with spots of toning and encrustation. Estimate: $175-$250. 1149. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg). S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. 13.7 grams. Choice full shield (very well detailed), good full cross (slightly doubled), richly toned VF+. Estimate: $150-$225. 255


1150. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer R. S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. 13.6 grams. Softly struck AVF with full shield,

off-center cross, toned all over. Estimate: $75-$110.

1154. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. KM-9. 13.6 grams. Round flan with full and well-centered shield, full but slightly crude cross, Fine with toning on fields. Estimate: $75-$110.

1151. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. Nice full shield and bold full cross (both very slightly doubled), bold P-Q, dark toning on fields (good contrast). Estimate: $125-$200. S-P17; KM-9; CT-243. 12.9 grams.

1155. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (late 1630s-early 1640s). KM-17a; CT-Type 149. 14.4 grams. Bold full P-TR to left of good full shield, nice full cross, toned Fine+, much better than usual for this period. Estimate: $110$165.

1152. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer M, quadrants of cross transposed. KM-9. 13.5 grams. Crude strike on a round flan of uneven thickness, with bold assayer, technically full shield and cross, toned all over, AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $110-$165.

1156. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg), backwards S’s in legend. S-P15; KM-8; CT-355. Good full shield and cross, much legend including king’s ordinal III and 2 backwards S’s, non-toned Fine. Estimate: $75-$110. 6.6 grams.

1153. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer M. 1157. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer RL Bold full cross, full shield, silvery F/VF with some dark toning on fields. Estimate: $75-$110. KM-9. 13.6 grams.

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-8; CT-355. 8.9 grams. Bold full shield, full cross with nearly full tressure, non-toned VF+ with flat spots in periphery, oddly overweight. Estimate: $50-$75.

256


1158. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible. KM-8. 6.0 grams. Full and well-detailed shield and cross, a bit crude but technically XF, with edge-split, silvery. Estimate: $40-$60. 1159. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1617M, rare. S-P19; KM-8; CT-356. 6.6 grams. Bold P-M and date, good full cross but shield crude, hairline flan cracks, lightly toned About Fine. Estimate: $200-$300. 1160. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (16)30(T), rare. S-P26; KM-14a; CT-881. 7.1 grams. Crude but interesting planchet with bold date struck on folded-over protrusion, decent shield but cross mostly flat, Fine for actual wear, toned but also with some pale gold color. Estimate: $125-$200.

1161. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 164(6)V, rare. S-P32; KM-14a; CT-unl. (Type 190). 6.8 grams. Choice full crown and shield with bold denomination Z to right, bold P but weak V (one-year assayer) to left, full but slightly doubled cross-and-tressure, nicely toned AVF on a broad flan. Estimate: $125-$200. 1162. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1649)O. S-P35; KM-14b; CT-888. 6.2 grams. Choice XF detail on both sides, with bold P-O, nearly full shield and crown, gorgeous full cross, lightly toned on fields. Estimate: $250-$375. 1163. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer A. S-P11; KM-2.2; CT-648. 3.3 grams. Bold P-A and denomination I, nice full shield and crown, full cross, toned AVF, crudely holed near edge. Estimate: $35-$50.

1164. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip III, assayer Q.

S-P17; KM-7; CT-462. 3.1 grams.

Bold P-Q, nice full shield and cross,

attractively toned AVF. Estimate: $70-$100. 1165. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (16)17M, rare. S-P19; KM-7; CT-465. 3.3 grams. Bold date outside of off-center cross, choice full shield (nicely detailed), silvery XF with hint of corrosion. Estimate: $175-$250. 1166. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1618, assayer not visible, rare. KM-7. 3.3 grams. Bold full date (off-center cross), good full shield, attractively toned Fine. Estimate: $175-$250. 1167. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 16(4?)Z, scarce. S-P34; KM-12a; CT-Type 230. 2.3 grams. Crude, off-center strike with clear ANO.16 and assayer Z, About Fine with patchy toning on fields. Estimate: $60-$90.

1168. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B to left (4th period), mintmark P to right. S-P12; KM-6.1 (under Philip III); CT-726. 1.6 grams. Good full monogram and cross, bold assayer, Fine details but lightly porous as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1652 transitionals

1169. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1652E transitional Type I, very rare. S-P37; KM-A16.2; CT-894. 5.2 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves and crowned shield, with bold A-P-2 to left of shield and 2 over 2 between pillars, VF details with toned fields and some orange sediment from salvage, possibly from the Piedmont (1795). Estimate: $250-$375. 1170. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type II, rare. S-P37; CT-1049. 3.4 grams. Choice full shield and pillarsand-waves, with bold O-E-2 to right of shield and I over I between pillars, full crown above, VF with attractive toning. Estimate: $150-$225. 1171. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type III, rare. S-P37; CT-1049. 3.9 grams. Full and well-detailed shield and pillars-and-waves, with O-E-2 to right and 5 to left of shield, king’s ordinal IIII in legend, O at top right and E at bottom right on pillars side, AVF. Estimate: $150-$225. 1172. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type V. S-P37; CT-1050. 2.1 grams. Round, thin flan with full central details on both sides (cross and pillars, the latter with full crown at top), with particularly bold P, III, dot and E on pillars side, lightly toned AVF but with surface corrosion as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $100-$150.

1173. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type VI. S-P37; CT-1050. 3.3 grams. Nicely detailed full pillars-and-waves and most of cross but flat on one side, VF for wear, with contrasting sediment in crevices. Estimate: $125-$200. 1174. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E transitional Type VI. S-P37; CT-1050. 3.5 grams. Two 100%-full crowns, bold full cross and shield enhanced by dark sediment in crevices, lightly porous Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200. 1175. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, (1652E) transitional Type IIc, rare. S-P37; KM-A12.4; CT-Type 262. 0.7 gram. Thin and corroded (unspecified salvage) but with nearly full pillars and cross, the former with motto as PL-VS-VL / T-R-A, uneven toning, technically no worse than Fine. Estimate: $75-$110.

1176. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, (1652)E transitional Type IId, scarce. S-P37; KM-A12.3; CT-Type 262. 1.0 gram. Full and bold pillars with motto as P-LV-SV / LT-R-A, nearly full cross, nicely toned, salvaged XF, slightly crude edge (as made). Estimate: $80$120.

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Pillars-and-waves

1177. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, dot-PH-dot at 1180. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1662E. top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-437. 26.8 grams. Full and well-centered cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 bold dates, AVF with slightly uneven toning. Estimate: $400-$600.

1178. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1658E.

S-P37a; KM-21;

Three dates (full 1662 in legend), full but partially flat cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 edge-splits, lightly toned AVF, probably from the ca.-1671 Seville harbor wreck. Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-451. 27.0 grams.

S-P37a; KM-21.

27.8 grams. Oval flan with bold full pillars-and-waves, full cross,

1181. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1664E.

king’s ordinal IIII in legend, 2 dates, 3 assayers and mintmarks, Fine+ with toning on fields, crude hole near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

Nice full cross, full pillars-and-waves, bold assayer and 2 bold mintmarks, nicely toned VF with edgesplit, part of edge lightly clipped. Estimate: $175-$250.

1179. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1661E.

S-P37a; KM-21;

Broad flan with full pillars-and-waves and cross, 3 dates (full 1661 in legend), 2 assayers and mintmarks (one of each bold), 2 (old) holes (one plugged), lustrous VF+ with hint of toning. Estimate: $150-$225. CT-450. 25.9 grams.

S-P37a; KM-21;

CT-453. 25.0 grams.

1182. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1665E.

S-P37a; KM-21;

CT-454. 27.3 grams. Good full cross and pillars-and-waves despite slight doubling, 2 bold dates (the one below the cross as “665”), nicely toned VF. Estimate: $500-$750.

259


1183. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1666E.

S-P37a; KM-21;

Good full pillars and cross, 3 dates (“666” below cross, small “66” between pillars and full “16666” in legend due to doubling), Fine+ with patchy toning, small edgesplit and part of edge clipped long ago. Estimate: $200-$300. CT-455. 24.8 grams.

1184. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1670E.

S-P37b; KM-26;

Full cross and pillars, deeply toned Fine, 2 clear dates, small edge-split. Estimate: $175-$250.

S-P37b;

KM-R26; CT-306. 26.1 grams. A true “poor man’s Royal,” typically round and full but with 4 holes and a series of small, round punchmarks all along the edge on both sides, traces of gilding, AVF at best, different dies from Lázaro 183 and 184. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

1185. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1674E.

1186. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E. CT-350. 26.0 grams.

S-P37b; KM-26;

CT-349. 28.1 grams. Full pillars with 2 bold dates, third date below

nearly full cross, Fine with much flatness, edge-split and lightly corroded all over (unspecified salvage, possibly Piedmont of 1795), yet remarkably overweight. Estimate: $150-$225.

1187. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CTGreat full cross and pillars-and-waves (both very slightly doubled), with 2 bold dates and 3 mintmarks and assayers, nicely toned Fine with hint of corrosion all over (unspecified salvage), edge-split. Estimate: $175-$250. 357. 24.8 grams.

1188. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39; KM-26; CT359. 22.6 grams. Attractively bold full cross and pillars-and-waves

(very slightly doubled), AVF details but lightly polished and retoned, edge clipped long ago. Estimate: $250-$375.

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1189. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1685VR.

S-P40; KM-26;

CT-368. 27.4 grams. Broad

1192. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1696VR.

S-P40; KM-26;

flan with full pillars and crown, nearly full but somewhat flat cross, 2 dates, Fine with light toning all over and some dark spots. Estimate: $150-$225.

CT-382. 27.5 grams. Thick, small flan with nice full cross and pillars,

1190. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1687VR.

1193. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1703Y.

S-P40; KM-26;

2 dates, 2 bold assayers, 3 mintmarks, bold POTO(SI) in legend, VF with light toning on fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

S-P43a; KM-31;

Full cross and crown and pillars-and-waves on a rather broad planchet, bold date, 3 assayers, Fine+ with spots of toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

CT-863. 26.7 grams. Full pillars with bold date and assayer, full crown (unusual) above nearly full cross, Fine with toning around details, parts of edge crude (as made). Estimate: $275-$400.

1191. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1694VR.

1194. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1717Y.

CT-372. 27.0 grams.

S-P40; KM-26;

Choice full cross, bold pillars-and-waves, 2 bold dates (re-cut 4 between pillars), nicely toned VF with flat spots, edge-split. Estimate: $350-$500. CT-380. 27.0 grams.

CT-877. 25.6 grams. Bold

S-P43a; KM-31;

date and denomination between pillars, bold cross and mintmark, crude edge and flat peripheries (as made) but otherwise AVF enhanced by toning on fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

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1195. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1719Y.

Full but doubled cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and mintmarks, AVF with flat peripheries as usual, scarce date. Estimate: $275-$400. 1196. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1729M. S-P44; KM-31a; CT-827. 26.7 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves with 2 bold dates (full ANO and 29 in legend), full but doubled cross with third date below, nicely toned AVF for the period. Estimate: $500$750. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-879. 27.7 grams.

1197. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1750E, rare. S-P51; KM-R40; CT-350. 27.1 grams. Typically very thick and round, with no legends but full and bold inner details, very bold AVF with contrasting toning on fields, expertly plugged hole to left of cross (the mintmark P there and TRA on other side faithfully reconstructed), matched cross-side die with Lázaro #312 (rarity R4, 34 specimens known). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

1198. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1752q. S-P52; KM-40; CT-364. 27.3 grams. Choice, bold, high-grade specimen (darkly toned AU) with full cross and pillars, 2 dates, 3 mintmarks, chunky as usual but good for showing what such coins look like without any circulation wear. Estimate: $600-$900. 1199. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1752q. S-P52; KM-40; CT-364. 27.5 grams. Bold strike with full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2 dates and assayers, 3 mintmarks, darkly toned XF+, choice for this chunky period. Estimate: $500-$750. 1200. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1754C+q. S-P53; KM-40; CT-371. 27.2 grams. Bold full pillars with clear date and both assayers, bold and nearly full cross with mintmark to left, chunky AVF with contrasting toning on fields. Estimate: $300-$450. 262


1201. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1754C+q. S-P53; KM-40; CT-371. 26.8 grams. Full and well-centered pillars-and-waves with particularly bold date, off-center cross with second date and -DVS of king’s name below, toned VF for era but with light corrosion on cross side. Estimate: $300-$450.

1202. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1762V-Y-V. S-P57; KM-45; CT-949. 26.5 grams. Exceptionally bold full cross and pillars-and-waves, 2 dates, all 3 assayers and mintmarks, typically chunky and with light corrosion at very edge but otherwise fully XF+ with contrasting toning on fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

1203. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1764V-Y.

S-P57; KM-45; CT-951. 27.1 grams. Full pillars with bold date and assayer and mintmark, off-center cross with full second date below, Fine+ with nice toning, crude peripheries as usual. Estimate: $300$450. 1204. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1766V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-953. 26.9 grams. Chunky (very uneven thickness) but high grade (XF or so), with bold full cross and waves, 3 dates. Estimate: $350-$500. 1205. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1772V-Y, with Guatemala sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839). S-P59; KM-45; CT-963. 27.4 grams total. Very chunky and crude, with lots of flatness but bold full assayer and date, nice but slightly doubled countermark, VG overall, holed with silver loop for jewelry. Estimate: $125-$200.

1206. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1683V. S-P39; KM-25; CT-510. 13.0 grams. Choice strike, with nice full pillars-and-waves, full but slightly off-center cross with full CAROLVS in legend, 2 dates, 3 mintmarks and assayers, contrastingly toned AVF with edge-split. Estimate: $400-$600.

1207. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1697F/CH, unique. S-P42; KM-25; CTunl. (Type 94). 13.6 grams. Choice high grade (near AU) and exceptional strike, with full cross-lions-castles and pillars, bold date and assayer F with faint CH behind it, nice natural luster, just a part of the edge crude as made, still possibly the finest specimen known for this date (besides the known Royals) and the ONLY F/CH for this denomination we can trace in 20 years of records. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

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The Hearts of Potosí by Daniel Frank Sedwick (originally written July 8, 1991 and published in PLVS VLTRA newsletter, with additional notes added for Treasure and World Coin Auction #9 of April 24-26, 2011) Silver cobs come in all shapes and sizes, most by chance—but a few not. Perhaps the most intriguing of the deliberate, mint-produced forms are the heart-shaped coins of Potosí, Bolivia. Determining whether a “Heart” (corazón in Spanish) is authentic can be difficult, and there are certainly more counterfeit Hearts than genuine pieces. But while a counterfeit is just a mutilated cob, the real thing, in any denomination, can be worth many thousands of dollars. The Hearts of Potosí were minted in all five denominations: ½, 1, 2, 4, and 8 reales (though half-real Hearts are so rare that only a couple of pieces have been confirmed), and apparently only from the late 1600s (the reign of Charles II) to the mid-1700s (the reign of Philip V). The outline of a corazón can vary significantly, but it is basically Valentine-style yet with a wide, tall stem and a long, tapering tail. Predictably, almost every confirmed Heart has been holed at the top of the stem. Unlike most holes in cobs, these may have been mint-produced holes. We don’t know for sure why cobs were cut into heart shapes at the Potosí mint, but given their scarcity, their usually careful execution, and their tendency to be holed, they were most likely produced for special use as pendants. The prevailing theory is that they were intended to be used by church officials, as the heart was known to be a sacred symbol of the Roman Catholic Church. It is also believed that women sewed these images of the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ into their blouses, a custom which is still observed in remote Andean villages today. [Note: The Catholic Sacred Heart symbol, as demonstrated in ex votos and other manifestations, is in fact a flaming heart, usually with a long, curved tail. This matches the Potosí Heart cobs precisely, their prominent stems at top apparently representing flames.] With all the minor variations in heart shapes, counterfeits would seem impossible to detect given that anyone could simply carve up a silver coin into the desired configuration. But such mutilation removes significant amounts of the prescribed weight of the cob and, for that reason, the most reliable authenticating aspect of a genuine Heart is its full weight. A genuine specimen can still be slightly underweight or overweight, so other attributes must be examined: 1. Does the planchet extend beyond the imprinted design, including the legend, of the coin? Whereas fake Hearts are cut down from regular cobs, the authentic pieces are struck on intentionally oversized planchets to make up for the subsequent loss of metal while filing them down to the heart shape. 2. Is the design carefully executed? Most Hearts appear to be struck from “Royal” dies which were also used to strike special round presentation pieces purportedly produced for the king of Spain. 3. Are the cross-side and pillars-side axes aligned? Most genuine Hearts show straight-up-and-down orientation on both sides, with the stem at the top. [Note: The aligned-axes orientation on most genuine Heart cobs indicates they were made to be worn as pendants.] These criteria are by no means definitive, but they may serve as guidelines for the novice collector or student. Once you know that your corazón is genuine, you also know that you have a rare and very valuable cob. The worth of a Heart is, of course, greatly dependent upon its beauty, and a range of values exists for all denominations except the ½ real, which is too rare to evaluate. The most common, or least scarce, denomination of Heart is the 1 real, whose value can range from $750 to $1,500. Two-real Hearts are next in value from about $1,000 to $1,750. Then the price jumps to about $10,000 to $25,000 for a 4-reales or an 8-reales heart. [Note: Since 1991 the market has changed dramatically to reflect the scarcity of all denominations of Hearts, with sales figures as high as $4,000 for 1R and over $8,000 for 2R.] Hearts are not for everyone. The prices are understandably restrictive, and one could easily spend a lifetime (and a fortune) assembling a decent 1-2-4-8 reales set of Hearts. But to the avid collector, nothing brings out the primitive beauty of a cob like a Heart, regardless of the cost. [Note: The reason for re-publishing this article now is that our Treasure and World Coin Auction #9 contains an unprecedented set of three genuine Hearts in separate lots, all dated 1712: a 4R (lot 1208), a 2R (lot 1227) and a 1R (lot 1255). We expect spirited bidding.]

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1208. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales Heart, 1712Y, extremely rare. S-P43a; KM-unl. (cf. 30 for regular issue); CT-unl. (Type 181). 13.2 Classic “corazon” shape with aligned medallic axes, full inner details and some legend, 2 dates (full 1712 below cross), attractively toned AVF with tiny hole in stem at top as usual, full weight, the cross doubled but the pillars side quite nice. Fourreales Hearts are so rare as a type that discussion of known dates is practically irrelevant (but note that this auction uniquely features the same date in 2R and 1R Hearts among the following lots), meriting the following description by Freeman Craig in the Paul Karon Collection catalog (Ponterio, March 17, 1990): “the elusive denomination most sought by ‘aficionados’ of this mysterious and alluring series.” Estimate: $9,000-$13,500. grams.

1209. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1726Y, Louis I, very rare. S-P43b; KM-A35; CT-30a. 13.1 grams. Full pillars with clear date in between, full cross with bold Y to right and bottoms of letters of king’s name in legend, typically crude and somewhat flat, sharp Fine (net) with contrasting toning. Estimate: $300-$450. 1210. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1745q. S-P50; KM-30a; CT-1131. 13.1 grams. Nice wedge shape with full and bold cross, full but slightly doubled pillars-and-waves, 2 dates and assayers and mintmarks, AVF with attractively toned fields. Estimate: $150$225. 1211. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1749q. S-P50a; KM-39; CT-436. 7.7 grams. With several heavy (contemporaneous) clips on the edge (possibly to make it a 2R), this coin nevertheless shows a good full cross and pillars, bold date, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $175-$200.

1212. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1751E. S-P51; KM-39; CT-438. 8.1 grams. Choice full cross and full pillars with bold date despite the fact that the edges were cut down (contemporaneously) to close to a 2R size, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $175-$200.

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1213. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1760q. S-P54; KM-39; CT-451. 14.0 grams. Very bold date between full pillars, nearly full cross, typically chunky, VF with toned fields. Estimate: $150-$225. 1214. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1652E post-transitional (transitional Type VII), 1-PH-(6 at top), rare. S-P37a; KM16; CT-unl. 5.9 grams. Broad flan with good full cross and pillars-and-waves, 3 dates, bold PH, much legend, Fine with flat spots, lightly toned. Estimate: $250-$375. 1215. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1666E. S-P37a; KM-16; CT-914. 5.5 grams. Bold pillars, nearly full cross, 2 mintmarks and assayers, VF+ with flat areas, lightly toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200.

1216. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1684V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-613. 6.9 grams. Choice strike on roundish flan with bold full cross, full but slightly doubled pillars, 2 dates and mintmarks, 3 assayers, full CAROLVS in legend, AVF with contrastingly toned fields, plugged hole at edge above pillars. Estimate: $200-$300. 1217. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-617. 5.5 grams. Absolutely immense flan that extends well beyond the design, with full pillars and full but partially flat cross, 2 dates, 3 assayers, bold king’s ordinal II, toned About Fine with large hole and old scratches at very edge. Estimate: $100-$150. 1218. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-618. 7.0 grams. Choice specimen with superb full cross and pillars, 3 bold dates, 3 mintmarks and assayers, well-centered VF with contrasting tan sediment on fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

1219. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1687VR.

Good full cross and pillars-and-waves, 3 bold dates (full 1687 in legend), 3 mintmarks and assayers, CAROLVS II in legend, contrastingly toned fields, just a bit worn (Fine). Estimate: $175-$200. 1220. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-618. 6.8 grams. Worn VG but with full cross and pillars (the latter slightly doubled), toned fields. Estimate: $125-$200. 1221. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1689VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-620. 6.7 grams. Choice full waves with 2 bold dates, nearly full cross, roundish flan with much peripheral flatness and hole near edge but VF+ for actual wear and nicely toned. Estimate: $150-$225. S-P40; KM-24; CT-618. 6.1 grams.

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1222. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1695VR.

S-P40; KM-24; CT-626. 7.5 grams. Superb bold strike with choicest pillars side imaginable, great full cross too, 3 mintmarks, 2 dates and assayers, full POTOSI, and also high grade (XF), with contrasting toning on fields, oddly overweight. Estimate: $250-$375. 1223. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1696VR, struck on a 1R planchet. S-P40; KM-24; CT-627. 3.9 grams. At first glance this appears to be a normal 2R, with good full cross and pillars, all 3 dates and assayers and mintmarks, Fine+ with toned fields; but its thickness is about half what it should be, and its weight confirms that the flan was meant for a 1R, a unique and interesting error. Estimate: $200-$300. 1224. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1697CH, very rare. S-P41; KM-24; CT-629. 6.6 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves and cross, 2-1/2 dates and 1-1/2 assayers, lightly toned VF with hint of corrosion as from unspecified salvage, popular one-year assayer, this denomination missing in Karon and most other collections. Estimate: $250-$375.

1225. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1704Y. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1326. 7.0 grams. Full waves and one full pillar with clear date, offcenter cross, partially toned About Fine with crude surfaces. Estimate: $80-$120. 1226. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1708/7Y, rare (unlisted) overdate. S-P43a; KM-unl. (cf. 29); CT-unl. (Type 219). 6.7 grams. Full pillars with clear date (and overdate), nearly full cross with second date below, Fine with flat areas, toned fields. Estimate: $125$200.

1227. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales Heart, 1712Y, extremely rare. S-P43a; KM-unl. (cf. 29 for regular issue); CT-1314. 6.1 grams. Like the 1712 4R in this auction (lot 1208), this 2R is of classic shape with holed stem and medallic axes (nearly aligned), its pillars side very bold and as attractive as they get, the cross side nice too (curiously with 4-digit date) but a little worn, net AVF with toned fields, quality-wise the best of the three-coin set of 1712 Hearts in this auction (see lot 1255 for the 1R). Estimate: $4,500$6,750.

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1228. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1712Y, scarce.

S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1334. 5.6 grams.

Bold full pillars-and-waves, full but

crudely doubled cross, AVF with toned fields but flat peripheries. Estimate: $100-$150.

1229. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1715Y. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1337. 5.9 grams. Oval flan with full cross, good tops of pillars, 2 assayers and mintmarks, richly toned Fine+ with plugged hole at edge to left of pillars. Estimate: $50-$75. 1230. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1722Y, scarce. S-P43a; KM-29; CT-1344. 5.1 grams. Nice but boldly double-struck full cross and pillars-and-waves, AVF with contrastingly toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

1231. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1726Y (Louis I). S-P43b; KM-34; CT-39. 5.9 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, 2 dates and mintmarks, 3 assayers, only Fine but with exceptional contrast from toning on fields. Estimate: $175-$250. 1232. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1727Y (probably Louis I). S-P43b; KM-34; CT-40. 5.8 grams. Great full pillars with very bold date, good full cross with weaker second date below and Y to right, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225. 1233. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1728M. S-P44; KM-29; CT-1349. 7.8 grams. Bold pillars, most of cross, 2 dates (but both somewhat indistinct), rather crude strike and flan, deeply toned, Fine or so for actual wear, oddly overweight. Estimate: $50$75.

1234. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1731M.

Roundish flan, nice full pillars-and-waves with bold date and assayer and mintmark, full but crudely doubled cross, Fine+ with toned fields. Estimate: $90-$135. 1235. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1733YA, rare. S-P45; KM-29a; CT-1355. 6.5 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves (slightly doubled) with clear date and assayer, full but slightly crude cross, nicely toned Fine, popular 2-year assayer. Estimate: $300$450. 1236. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1738M. S-P47; KM-29a; CT-1363. 6.1 grams. Bold full pillars, full but crude cross, 2 full assayers and bold date, slightly silvery (salvaged) but with black bits around details. Estimate: $80-$120. S-P44; KM-29a; CT-1352. 6.3 grams.

1237. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R of Philip V (1734E, 1735E [2], and 1739M). KM-29a. 24.2 grams total. Average specimens with generally good crosses and clear (sometimes multiple) dates, Fine on average. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1238. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2R of Ferdinand VI: 1751(q or E) and 1753(C or q). KM-38. 12.7 grams total. Both with clear dates and bold details, nicely toned About Fine, the 1751 crudely holed. Estimate: $70-$100. 1239. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1754q. S-P54; KM-38; CT-515. 5.6 grams. Full pillars and cross, 2 dates, typically chunky, toned, Fine+ details but lightly corroded all over as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $125-$200. 1240. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1773/2(V-Y), rare final date of cobs. S-P59; KM-43; CT-1375. 6.6 grams. Oddly elongated flan with bold, thick-armed cross, similarly thick pillars with bold date above nice waves, richly toned Fine+. Estimate: $200$300.

1241. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1652E post-transitional (transitional Type VII), 1-PH-6 at top, scarce. S-P37a; KM-13; Nice full pillars-and-waves with bold date and PH, full but corroded cross (salvaged), Fine details, some toning. Estimate: $100-$150. 1242. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1654E, PH at top. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1054. 3.5 grams. Full pillars with bold PH at top, clear date and mintmark above waves, full but weaker cross with full second date and king’s ordinal IIII, VF details but lightly corroded (salvaged), nicely toned. Estimate: $60-$90. 1243. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1656E, pomegranate at top. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1056. 3.8 grams. Thick flan (slightly overweight) with nice full pillars-and-waves showing full pomegranate at top and partial second date in legend, doubled and off-center cross with nice third date, king’s ordinal IIII, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $60-$90. 1244. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1656E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1056. 4.0 grams. Off-center cross with bold date and king’s ordinal IIII, crude and off-center pillars with bold mintmark, toned Fine, uneven thickness (especially the edge), oddly overweight. Estimate: $50-$75. CT-1052. 3.0 grams.

1245. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1659E. S-P37a; KM-13; CT-1059. 2.2 grams. Most of cross, off-center pillars side with 2 dates and bold mintmark and assayer, toned Fine+ with edge-split and peripheral flat areas. Estimate: $50-$75. 1246. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R of Philip IV, assayer E (1664 and 1666). S-P37a; KM-13; CT-Type 235. 4.1 grams total. The 1664 toned with good cross and pillars, 2 dates; the 1666 with nice full pillars but blank cross side; Fine on average. Estimate: $50-$75. 1247. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1678E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-714. 3.4 grams. Curiously lemon-shaped VF with one lion in cross and one pillar plus date bold but all else flat, black bits around details. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1248. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1679V/C, very rare. S-P39; KM-unl. (cf. 23); CT-unl. (Type 134). 2.7 grams. Richly toned Fine with 2 clear dates, king’s ordinal II and mintmark P, but most important part is the clear V/C over-assayer, which is well known in 8R from the Consolación (1681) but this is the first time we have seen it on a 1R, off-center and partially flat but pleasingly turnipshaped. Estimate: $175-$250. 1249. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1681V. S-P39; KM-23; CT-719. 2.5 grams. Bold date and assayer on pillars side, cross side crudely corroded and toned, otherwise Fine. Estimate: $50-$75. 1250. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1684V. S-P39; KM-23; CT-722. 3.1 grams. Choice full pillars side, well centered on a roundish flan, but cross side mostly flat, net Fine, nicely toned. Estimate: $60-$90. 1251. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-725. 2.0 grams. Good full pillars-and-waves, off-center cross, 3 assayers, about Fine with toned fields. Estimate: $50-$75.

1252. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1688VR.

S-P40; KM-23; CT-727. 2.1 grams. Bold full pillars, good full cross, 2 dates and mintmarks, 3 assayers, toned and encrusted Fine. Estimate: $40-$60. 1253. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1691VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-730. 3.6 grams. Nice VF, richly toned, with good full cross and pillars, interesting urn-like shape. Estimate: $50-$75. 1254. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1693VR. S-P40; KM-23; CT-732. 3.8 grams. Good full pillars with bold date, 2 assayers, nice toning on fields, crude and slightly off-center cross with dark streak near edge, Fine overall. Estimate: $50-$75.

1255. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Heart, 1712Y, extremely rare.

S-P43a; KM-unl. (cf. 28 for regular issue); CT-unl. (Type 265). 3.0

grams. The last of the 1712 Heart set in this auction (see lots 1208 and 1227), still classically shaped but with thinner stem, near-

medallic alignment, good pillars-and-waves but cross double-struck (with 4-digit date as on the others), VF+ with light toning, the usual hole at the top of the stem stripped and supplanted with second hole to right of cross, admittedly the “easiest” denomination of the 3 but still desirable as a genuine Heart, of which very few come around for sale any more, and notably an unlisted date in the references. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

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1256. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1738M. S-P47; KM-28a; CT-1671. 2.1 grams. Nearly full pillars with bold date, good but incomplete cross due to small flan (possibly shaved long ago), nicely toned Fine+. Estimate: $50-$75. 1257. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R: 1727(Y), 1759q and 1760(V-Y). 7.7 grams total. An eclectic mix, the 1727 and 1759 both holed and rounded (with clear dates) but the 1760 very natural and toned, Fine on average. Estimate: $60-$90. 1258. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1684, ex: Sellschopp. S-P40; KM-22; CT-835. 1.3 grams. Full cross-lions-castles and monogram, 2 clear dates, deeply toned AVF with minor flatness, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection (lot 803). Estimate: $60$90. 1259. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1694. S-P40; KM-22; CT-845. 1.0 gram. Broad, oval flan with bold full date and monogram, king’s ordinal II in legend, full but slightly crude cross with second date below, AVF, holed at edge. Estimate: $60-$90.

1260. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, 1733. KM-27a; CT-1902. 1.7 grams. Bold monogram and date, full crown above off-center cross, slightly crude AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $50-$75. 1261. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R (Philip IV and Ferdinand VI). 3.3 grams total. A century’s difference in style but both with good cross and monogram (but dates not visible), the earlier coin XF but the later one AVF. Estimate: $40-$60. 1262. Lot of 20 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, various periods. 25.6 grams total. Generally decent crosses and/or monograms, some with partial dates, a few salvaged and one with hole, Fine on average, good for jewelry. Estimate: $450-$675.

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).

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Other Silver Cobs Dominican Republic 1263. Lot of 3 Santo Domingo Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, mintmark S-P, assayer F (where visible), key (2M revaluation, 1577) and anchor (Jamaica 1611-16) countermarks. S-SD1; CT-Type 134. 10.0 grams total. Typical specimens (a bit crude but recognizable), one with anchor, one with key and one with both countermarks (rare, but that one with large edge-split), Fine or so, light brown to scarlet in color. Estimate: $75-$110. 1264. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, mintmark S-P, assayer “E” (F). S-SD1; CT-211. 3.1 grams. Full inner details (S-P flanking pillars, E-4 flanking crowned, anchor-like Y), dark-brown VF with some flatness and minor corrosion, nice for the issue. Estimate: $35-$50.

Colombia

1265. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer E (1630s), rare.

Solid specimen with full cross, good full shield with clear +VIII+ to left and weak but certain C-E to right, flat peripheries and legends off the edges, toned VF. Pedigreed to our Treasure Auction #1, with original lot-tag #333. Estimate: $500-$750. 1266. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/4 real, (1627-9), very rare. Restrepo-M14.1; CT-Type 276. 0.9 gram. Full (oversized) castle and lion (off-center), which are the same punches used on the 8R of 1627-9, nicely toned XF with sharply cut edges. Estimate: $500$750. S-C3; KM-3.4; CT-Type 74. 27.0 grams.

Panama

1267. Panama (?), “C” countermark (mid-1500s?) on a Toledo, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, very rare. 3.1 grams. Typically broad, thin flan with nearly full Gothic legends, finely detailed full shield and yoke-and-arrows, with deeply impressed countermark on reverse, but all lightly corroded, with spots of black encrustation. The logic behind the attribution of the countermark is that the C may stand for Castilla de Oro, the original name for the Panama area, which is where all of the nonshipwreck specimens have been found so far. This is only the second specimen ever offered publicly (the first sold in our Treasure Auction #7 for $1800 + buyer’s fee), a bit rarer than the similar P countermark from the same time and area. Estimate: $500-up.

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1268. Panama, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer oB, very rare. S-AP4; KM-3.3; CT-506. 6.5 grams. Crude strike but with enough detail to confirm it is the same dies as Proctor #2R.1B, with full and well-detailed shield flanked by AP-II to left and oB to right, full but doubled and off-center cross, richly old-toned AVF, edge unevenly thick, still far superior to the same-die specimen sold in our Treasure Auction #8 for $2,200 + buyer’s fee. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Guatemala

1272. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1736(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT-1168. 6.4 grams. Choice specimen with bold full date, clear mintmark,

1269. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1753J.

S-G2; KM-12; CT-285.

Choice specimen with full and bold date below crown-worlds-waves, nearly full crowned shield with assayer J on other side, lightly toned AVF for the type, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $400-$600. 26.8 grams.

nice full crown on other side, triangular Fine with nice toning, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $80-$120. 1273. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, (17)38(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT1170. 6.4 grams. Bold 8 of date and mintmark G, nearly full but off-center pillars, good crowned shield on other side with bold denomination, toned Fine with typical hole at edge. Estimate: $60-$90.

1270. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1733J, very rare first year 1274. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1751J, ex: Ralph Gordon of issue. S-G1; KM-4; CT-1165. 6.4 grams. Vastly underpriced in the references, as it is seldom offered, this specimen with bold date and assayer, nice but off-center strike, richly toned Fine on a pleasingly squarish flan with no hole. Estimate: $800$1,200. 1271. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1734(J). S-G1; KM-4; CT-1166. 6.2 grams. Choice full date and mintmark below full pillars-andworlds, good full crown and shield with 2 to right, richly toned About Fine, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $80-$120.

collection. S-G2; KM-10; CT-456. 6.5 grams. Oddly elongated shape with parts of edge crude, choice full date, nice central detail, higher grade than usual (VF+), attractively toned and axes nicely aligned, but with typical hole at top, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Ralph Gordon collection (Baldwin’s Auctions, October 7, 1996, lot 252), plated in the catalog. Estimate: $125-$200. 1275. Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1747J. S-G2; KM-9; CT-526. 2.9 grams. Cute triangle shape with full date, full upside-down mintmark, weak shield side but otherwise Fine and scarce as unholed. Estimate: $70-$100.

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1276. Guatemala, cob 1 real, 1749J. S-G2; KM-9; CT-528. 2.7 grams. Square flan with full date, cute full crown above worlds, full and well-centered shield, richly toned Fine, scarce as unholed. Estimate: $70-$100. 1277. Guatemala, cob 1/2 real, 1733(J), denomination as “1/2,” very rare first year of issue. S-G1; KM-2; CT-1736. 1.6 grams. Unpriced in KM and vastly underpriced in CT, with bold date below good full pillars-crown-worlds (slightly off-center), full crowned shield with bold 1/2 to right, nicely toned AVF for type, first specimen we have offered. Estimate: $500-$750. 1278. Guatemala, cob 1/2 real, 1734(J). S-G1; KM-2; CT-1737. 1.6 grams. Full date and mintmark below bold pillars-and-worlds (slightly off-center), shield side weak, net VG, lightly toned, cute square shape. Estimate: $60-$90.

Spain (for the New World)

1279. Seville, Spain (for the New World), copper 4 maravedís, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer * below crowned F on reverse, rare. CT-638. 6.3 grams. Choice XF specimen with full (Gothic) legends and finely executed inner details, variety with small circles in fields and between words in legends, S mintmarks flanking crowned F above *, well struck, darkly toned all over with attractive patina. Estimate: $350-$500. 1280. Seville, Spain (for the New World), copper 2 maravedís, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer * below crowned F, very rare. CT-645. 3.6 grams. Round flan with full (Gothic) legends and inner details, S mintmarks flanking the crowned F above a faint but certain *, crowned FY on other side, VF for wear but with tan, crusty sediment all over. Estimate: $200-$300. 1281. Lot of 11 copper “crowned F” 4 and 2 maravedís, Ferdinand-Isabel, Seville and Burgos mints (for the New World), all scarce to rare. 41.5 grams total. Great lot for the specialist, as each coin here is somewhat rare and worthy of study for varieties, all with clear details despite corrosion from centuries of burial in Central America (where they were imported from Spain), otherwise VG-VF and in a wide range of hues of bronze color, four 4M and seven 2M. Estimate: $100-up.

Spain Ferdinand-Isabel (1474-1504)

1282. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer Gothic D below yoke. CT-211. 13.5 grams. Round, thick flan with nice full inner details (just a hint of doubling) enhanced by rich toning, AXF, no problems, S to left of shield. Estimate: $250-$375.

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1287. Seville, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer * 1283. Granada, Spain, 2 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer to right of shield. CT-379. 3.5 grams. Old-toned VF+ with some R to right of circlet below arrows. CT-unl. (Type 198). 6.7 grams. Broad flan with full legends (nice full FERNANDVS) and crown, inner details nice as well, bold oGo and oIIo flanking shield, richly toned VF+, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

weak spots, slightly cruder than usual, some bold legend, full crown and inner details, mintmark S to left of shield. Estimate: $60-$90.

1288. Lot of 2 Seville, Spain, 1R of Ferdinand-Isabel, 1284. Seville, Spain, 2 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer * various assayers. 4.7 grams total. Interesting combination, as below arrows. 6.7 grams. VF with flat spots, S to left of shield, some bold legend, light toning. Estimate: $75-$110.

one coin is very broad but the other is small (size and weight of a 1/2R, in fact) from severe clipping, AVF on average, the small one with clear assayer * to either side of shield. Estimate: $100-$150.

1285. Burgos, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer scallop-cross potent in legend at 12 o’clock. CT-287. 3.2 grams. Round and thin, VF+, richly old toned, with nearly full (Gothic) legends, full crown and inner details, slightly doubled mintmark B below yoke and arrows. Estimate: $70-$100.

1289. Toledo, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer M to right of shield. CT-406. 3.2 grams. Bold mintmark T and assayer M flanking full shield below full crown, good full yokeand-arrows, nearly full legends, richly toned F/VF. Estimate: $60-$90.

1286. Seville, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer *

1290. Toledo, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer M

on reverse. CT-Type 221. 3.0 grams. AU details but possibly salvaged, with choice inner details, nearly full legends, nicely toned, mintmark as oSo to right and o* to left of yoke and arrows. Estimate: $75-$110.

to right of shield. CT-406. 3.1 grams. Nice yoke-and-arrows, full and well-detailed shield with bold T to left and M to right, much legend, AVF with spots of dark encrustation. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1291. Toledo, Spain, 1/2 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer M above mintmark T below yoke. CT-494. 1.6 grams. Broad flan with full legends and inner details, bold M-T, toned VF with a few old pockmarks. Estimate: $100-$150.

Philip II (1556-1598)

1292. Toledo, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer M-inside-circle (ca. 1590). CT-Type 177. 27.2 grams. Thick, broad flan with nice full shield and crown, full but slightly doubled cross, bold mintmark-assayer to left and denomination to right, toned VF. Estimate: $200-$300. 1293. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Gothic D outside tressure at 4 and 8 o’clock (pre-1588). CT-393. 13.6 grams. Choice XF with lovely rich toning all over, perfect full cross-and-tressure, crown and shield, bold S to left and denomination o-IIII to right, nearly full legends, quite attractive. Estimate: $250-$375.

1294. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible (pre-1588). 13.6 grams. Bold and well-detailed full cross and shield but crude peripheries, no toning, AXF. Estimate: $100-$150. 1295. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (1592-98). CT-Type 270. 13.4 grams. Crudely uneven planchet with full crown and shield (assayer B to left) and cross (nice lions), toned VF+ with old marks and edge-splits. Estimate: $60-$90.

1296. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1593(B). CT-402. 13.6 grams. Crude but full date to right and denomination 4 to left of full but slightly doubled shield, full cross with distinctive lions, crude peripheries, AVF overall. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1297. Seville, Spain, cob 1 real, 1588, assayer Gothic D.

Desirable date (year of the Spanish Armada), clearly visible to the right of the full and well-detailed shield, bold full S-II-Gothic D to left, good full cross, VF, toned around details. Estimate: $125$200. CT-668. 3.4 grams.

Philip III (1598-1621)

1298. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, (16)10C.

Broad flan with good full crown, shield and cross, bold 10 of date at 10 o’clock, weak oT-C to left of shield, VF with patches of dark encrustation at edges. Estimate: $280$350. 1299. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1611, assayer not visible. KM-36.2. 13.7 grams. Good full cross with clear date above, full and well-detailed shield with bold denomination IIII to right, peripheries mostly flat, otherwise AXF. Estimate: $110-$185. 1300. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer B (1601-15). KM-36.2; CT-Type 90. 13.6 grams. Choice full cross-andtressure, bold full shield with S-B to left and IIII to right, nicely toned AXF with some dark patches. Estimate: $185-$275. KM-36.3; CT-291. 12.7 grams.

1301. Seville, Spain, cob 2 reales, 1604B, scarce. KM-17.6; CT-380. 6.5 grams. Good full cross and shield, clear date, full S-B to left and II to right of shield, deeply toned AVF with a few old marks. Estimate: $60-$90. 1302. Toledo, Spain, cob 2 reales, 160(?)C. KM-17.7. 5.3 grams. Bold full oT-C to left of shield and full OMNIVM in legend, full cross-and-tressure with full 160 of date at 1 o’clock, XF details but some flatness and discolored as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $50-$75.

Philip IV (1621-1665)

1303. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. KM-80; CT-Type 127. 27.3 grams. Big flan of

uneven thickness, with nearly full shield and cross but crude peripheries, bold mintmark S, toned AXF where it is not flat. Estimate: $100-$150.

277


1304. Spain (mint uncertain), cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible. 27.3 grams. Thick and chunky flan with full cross, bold full crown, most of shield, richly toned AVF. Estimate: $90-$135.

1307. Lot of 2 Seville, Spain, cob 1R, Philip IV, assayer D visible on one. KM-130.3; CT-Type 240. 6.6 grams. Decent full crosses and shields (good for jewelry), one with bold S-D to left, AVF on average, lightly toned. Estimate: $70-$100.

Charles II (1665-1700)

1308. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible. CT-Type 82. 27.0 grams. Absolutely immense flan with bold full cross, nearly full shield, some crown and mintmark S, crude peripheries, lightly toned Fine+. Estimate: $125-$200.

1305. Lot of 3 cobs of the 1600s (one 8R of Philip IV and two 4R of Philip III and IV), various mints, assayers not visible. 48.9 grams total. All more or less crudely struck but solid and nicely toned, just not fully attributable, one of the 4R with paper sleeve showing acquisition as “Frank Sedwick / 810-86 / $5.” Estimate: $100-$150.

1309. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, “Maria” type, 1694(M),

1306. Madrid, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer A/ BI(?), scarce. CT-Type 144. 13.5 grams. Bold full crown, most of shield with mintmark MD and assayer to left, good full cross, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $50-$75.

rare. KM-206; CT-436. 21.6 grams. Nicely toned XF with full centers (the shield double-struck), bold R-8 flanking cross, mintmark S to left of shield, but best of all is the date 1694 (middle digits bold) at 6 o’clock in legend, part of edge crude (as made). Note this brief type with queen-regent’s monogram was intentionally issued at a lower weight-standard after a monetary reform in 1686. Pedigreed to the Cayón auction of December, 2008, with original lot-card #1523. Estimate: $250-$375.

278


1310. Madrid or Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Charles II, “Maria” type, assayer and date not visible. 17.7 grams. Crude and shaved around edge but with clear monogram, denomination 8 and one lion, darkly toned Fine+. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spanish colonial 1311. Lot of 8 Spanish colonial cob 1R of the 1600s and 1700s, mostly Potosí, several with visible dates. 22.8 grams total. Decent specimens, most with good crosses (adequate for jewelry), one salvaged (probably 1715 Fleet), no holes or problems, About Fine on average. Estimate: $300-$450. 1312. Lot of 6 Spanish colonial cobs of the 1600s and 1700s (one 4R, four 1R and one 1/2R), various mints (one Seville). 25.1 grams total. Mix of cobs in no better than average quality, two salvaged (4R Potosí and 1R Mexico), one holed (1R Potosí), but all with enough detail to attribute mint and period, VF-F, all toned. Estimate: $60-$90.

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280


Session V: Thursday, April 28, 2011, 10:30 a.m. EDT Ancient Coins Ancient Greece Kings of Macedon

Attica

1316. KINGS of MACEDON, silver drachm, Alexander 1313. ATTICA, Athens, silver tetradrachm “owl,” 449- III (the Great), 336-323 BC, Kolophon mint, ca. 319-310 413 BC. Sear 2526; SNG Cop 31; BMC 11.62. 17.2 grams. Helmeted head of Athena right, in crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl on obverse. AQE, well-centered owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind on reverse. Well-defined XF, fairly well centered. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Boeotia

BC. Sear 6730; Price 1792c; Muller 1606. 4.3 grams. Head of Heracles in lion-skin headdress, right, on obverse. Enthroned Zeus, left, with bird in right hand and staff in left hand with ALEXANDROU behind, and civic monogram below, on reverse. Lustrous, choice XF, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300. 1317. KINGS of MACEDON, silver drachm, Alexander III (the Great), 336-323 BC, Miletos mint, ca. 290-275 BC. Price 2151; Marcellesi 29. 4.3 grams. Head of Heracles in lionskin headdress, right, on obverse. Enthroned Zeus, left, with bird in right hand and staff in left hand with ALEXANDROU behind, and civic monogram MI, left, on reverse. Off-center VF with light toning around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

Kings of Parthia 1314. BOEOTIA, Thebes, silver hemidrachm “Boeotian shield,” 379-371 BC. Sear 2396. 2.5 grams. Well-centered Boeotian shield on obverse. BO – I (weak) on either side of kantharos with a club above on reverse. AVF, no toning. Estimate: $200$300.

1318. KINGS of PARTHIA, billon tetradrachm, Gotarzes

Corinth

II, 40-51 AD. Sellwood 65. 14.6 grams. Diademed and draped bust of Gotarzes, left, on obverse. Gotarzes seated, right, on throne with Tyche standing, left, before him, presenting a diadem and holding cornucopia. Well centered XF, nicely toned. Estimate: $175-$250.

Lucania 1319. LUCANIA, Metapontion, silver nomos, 334-330 BC. 1315. CORINTHIA, Corinth, silver stater “pegasus,” 350300 BC, ex: Lockett collection. Ravel 604. 8.5 grams. Pegasos to left with Q beneath on obverse. Head of Athena facing right, Corinthian helmet with broad leather flap pushed back on head and EYQ in front with owl on base, behind, on reverse. Nicely toned VF+. Estimate: $300-$450.

281

Bearded head of Leukippos, right, wearing Corinthian helmet with standing dog behind on obverse. Barley ear on reverse. Nice VF, very lightly patinated. Estimate: $500-$750. cf. SNG Cop 1210. 7.8 grams.


Phoenicia 1320. PHOENICIA, Tyre, silver shekel, biblical “30 pieces of silver,” 126/5 BC to AD 65/6, dated CY 27 (100/99 BC). Rouvier 2008; BMC 113. 14.5 grams. Laurelled head of beardless Melqarth, right, on obverse. Eagle standing, left, carrying palm under right wing, with date ZK above club to left, monogram to right, Phoenician B between legs. Well centered XF with light golden toning around details. Estimate: $500-$750.

Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt

1321. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT, bronze AE 48 mm, Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, 285-246 BC.

Sear 7782(?);

Svoronos 412(?). 87.0 grams. Head

of Zeus-Ammon, right, wearing a tainia, on obverse. Eagle standing, left, on thunderbolt, head looking right, with BASILEWS PTOLEMAIOU legend on reverse. Worn and grainy VG with centered punch mark on obverse. Estimate: $125-$200. 1322. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT, bronze AE 42 mm, probably Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, 285-246 BC. 69.0 grams. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right, wearing a tainia, on obverse. Eagle standing, left, on thunderbolt with PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS legend on reverse. Bold, patinated Fine with centered punch marks on both sides. Estimate: $125-$200.

1323. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT, bronze AE 42 mm, Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, 285-246 BC. Sear 7783; Svoronos 463. 68.9 grams. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right, wearing a tainia, on obverse. Two eagles standing, left, on thunderbolt with PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS legend on reverse. Very worn but uncorroded VG with centered punch marks on both sides. Estimate: $100-$150. 1324. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT, bronze AE 42 mm, Ptolemy III, Euergetes, 246-221 BC. Sear 7814; Svoronos 964. 66.9 grams. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right, wearing a tainia, on obverse. Eagle standing, left, on thunderbolt with PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS legend and, in field to left, cornucopiae, on reverse. Fine with centered punch marks on both sides. Estimate: $100-$150.

282


1325. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT, bronze AE 38 mm, probably Ptolemy III, Euergetes, 246-221 BC. 47.2 grams. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right, wearing a tainia, on obverse. Eagle standing left, on thunderbolt, head looking right, with PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS legend on reverse. Unevenly toned About Fine with small centered punch mark on obverse. Estimate: $80-$120. 1326. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT, bronze AE 38 mm, Ptolemy III, Euergetes, 246-221 BC. Sear 7815; Svoronos 974. 44.2 grams. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right, wearing a tainia, on obverse. Eagle standing left, on thunderbolt, head looking right, E between legs, with PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS legend on reverse. Darkly patinated About Fine with centered punch marks on both sides. Estimate: $60-$90.

1327. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT, bronze AE 38 mm, Ptolemy III, Euergetes, 246-221 BC. Sear 7815; Svoronos 974. 42.3 grams. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right, wearing a tainia, on obverse. Eagle standing left, on thunderbolt, head looking right, E between legs, with PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS legend on reverse. Fine+ with spots of red and green, with centered punch marks on both sides. Estimate: $60-$90.

Sicily

Thessaly

1328. SICILY, Akragas, silver didrachm “crab,” ca. 490480 BC. SNG ANS 939ff-932. 8.6 grams. Well-centered sea-eagle with closed wings, standing left, AKRA behind on obverse. Crab on reverse. Semi-lustrous XF. Estimate: $450-$675. 1329. SICILY, Syracuse, bronze AE 19 mm, Hieron II (274-216 BC). SNG Cop 844ff. 5.3 grams. Poseidon head, left, wearing a tainia on obverse. Trident flanked by dolphins with IEPW-NOS below, on reverse. Dark but very sharp VF with light patination. Estimate: $200-$300.

1330. THESSALY, Larissa, silver drachm, 350-325 BC. Well-struck head of nymph Larissa three-quarter face to the left, hair in ampyx, on obverse. Horse, left, about to roll and head not visible, AIWN, beneath, on obverse. Lightly encrusted AXF, slightly off-center. Estimate: $175-$250. SNG Cop 120-121. 5.8 grams.

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Celtic

1331. Celtic Gaul, Northwest region, Armorica, billon stater, 75-50 BC.

Crude Celticized head, right, with anchor-shaped nose on obverse. Celticized chariot, right, with boar below on reverse. Dark and nicely detailed VF, part of edge slightly bent. Estimate: $175-$250. 1332. Celtic Britain, Iceni, silver “Unit,� ca. 61 AD. Van Arsdell 794-1; SCBC 434. 1.1 grams. Celticized head right with trefoil ornament before, on obverse. Celticized horse, right, with wheel-like object above, lozenge-shaped box below on reverse. Decent VF with toning on fields. Estimate: $175-$250. 6.1 grams.

Ancient Roman Roman Republic

1333. Roman Republic, silver didrachm (quadrigatus), ca. 215-214 BC. BMC 101; Syd 65; RSC 24. 6.4 grams. Laureate head of Janus with slightly curving neck truncation and whiskers in sideburns smaller and farther apart, two larger annulets at top of head partially obscured by hair, dotted border on obverse. Jupiter standing in quadriga driven by Victory right, wielding thunderbolt and holding scepter, ROMA in relief in trapezoidal frame below, linear border, on reverse. Nice VF+, toned on reverse. Estimate: $400-$600. 1334. Roman Republic, silver denarius, moneyers M. Furius and L.f. Philus, 120 BC. Cr 281; RSC Furia 18. 3.9 grams. Laureate head of Janus on obverse. Roma standing left, holding spear and wreath, with trophy of Gallic arms and a carnyx to left, star above, on reverse. Choice VF+ with light toning. Estimate: $500-$750. 1335. Roman Republic, silver denarius, moneyer T. Didius, 113-112 BC. Cr 294; RSC Didia 2; Syd 550; BMCRR 530. 3.9 grams. Head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, right, with oM behind on obverse. Battle between two gladiators, each holding shield, one attacking with flail and the other with staff or sword, T. DEIDI in exergue below, on reverse. Lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $150-$225. 1336. Roman Republic, silver denarius (serrated), moneyer Q. Fufius Calenus and Mucius, ca. 70 BC. Cr 403; RSC Fufia 1; Sear 338. 4.0 grams. Jugate heads of Honos and Virtus with HO, left, VIRT, right, and KALENI, below, on obverse. Roma and Italia standing, hand in hand, with cornucopiae between them and with winged caduceus in field to left and ITAL left, RO, right, and CORDI below, on reverse. Choice, lustrous XF. Estimate: $500-$750.

1337. Roman Republic, silver denarius, moneyer A. Plautius, Rome mint, 55 BC. Cr 431/ 1; Syd 932; RSC Plautia 13. 2.8 grams. Turreted head of

Cybele, right, with AED CVR SC, behind, and A PLAVTIVS, before, on obverse. Bacchius kneeling right, holding reins and offering up olive branch to standing camel, right, with IVDAEVS before and BACCHIVS below, on reverse. Nicely toned AXF. Estimate: $200-$300.

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1338. Roman Republic, silver denarius, moneyer Man. Acilius Glabrio, 49 BC.

Cr 442/1a; Syd 922; RSC Acilia 8. 3.9 grams.

Laureate head of Salus, right, with SALVTIS behind, on obverse. Valetudo (Salus) standing, left, leaning against column and holding serpent with MN ACILIVS, right, and III VIR VALETV, left, on reverse. The Acilia gens claimed to have introduced the first physician to Rome. Choice, rainbow-toned XF+, slightly off-center obverse but quite lovely in color and preservation. Estimate: $350-$500. 1339. Roman Republic, bronze denarius, moneyer Cn. Plancius, 55 BC. Cr 432/1; Syd 933; RSC Plancia 1. 3.7 grams. Bust of Diana Planciana wearing petasus, right, with CN PLANCIVS, right, and AED CVR S C, left, on obverse. Cretan goat, right, with bow and quiver behind on reverse. Deeply toned VF+, attractive. Estimate: $250-$325.

Roman Empire

1340. Roman Empire, silver denarius, Tiberius, 14-37 AD. RIC 30; RSC 16a. 3.8 grams. Laureate head of Tiberius, right, with legend TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST on obverse. Livia as Pax seated right in chair with ornate legs and legend PONTIF MAXIM on reverse. Choice XF with colorful toning around details, off-center reverse. Estimate: $600-$900. 1341. Roman Empire, bronze as, Caligula, 37-41 AD. RIC 38; BMC 46. 10.6 grams. Bare head of Caligula, left, with legend C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT on obverse. Vesta seated, left, holding patera and scepter with VESTA above, S C across field, on reverse. Very dark but nicely detailed VF. Estimate: $500-$750.

1342. Roman Empire, bronze sestertius, Nero (54-68 AD), Lugdunum mint, 66 AD, rare. RIC 494; Cohen 21. 25.9 grams. Laureate head of Nero, right, with legend IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR POT P P, on obverse. Annona standing, left, and Ceres seated right with prow between them with legend ANNONA AVGVSTI CERES and SC below, on reverse. Lustrous, patinated XF, bold details. Estimate: $4,500-$5,750.

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Byzantine Empire

1343. Roman Empire, bronze sestertius, Marcus Aurelius, 172-173 AD. RIC 1029; Sear 4978. 25.5 grams. Laureate head of Marcus Aurelius, right with M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVI, behind, and IMP VI COS III S-C, before, on obverse. Victory, naked to waist, standing left, head right, holding palm branch and shield inscribed VIC GER that is set atop palm tree. AVF with dark fields, slightly off-center obverse. Estimate: $125-$200.

1344. Roman Empire, bronze sestertius, Severus Alexander, 222-235 AD. RIC 635; BMC 843. 26.2 grams. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander, right, with legend IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, on obverse. Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield with legend MARS VLTOR S-C, on reverse. Fine with nice details, chocolate brown color all over, the planchet slightly out-of-round. Estimate: $125-$200.

Roman provincial

1346. Byzantine Empire, gold solidus, Constantine VIII, 1025-28 AD. Sear 1815. 4.5 grams. Nimbate bust of Christ holding Gospels with legend IhS XIS REX REGNANTInM on obverse. Crowned bust of Constantine holding labarum with pellet on shaft and akakia on reverse. Nice, lustrous XF. Estimate: $600-$900.

1347. Byzantine Empire, bronze follis, Justinian I, 527565 AD. SB 201. 23.7 grams. Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding cross, with cross to right and legend reading DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG on obverse. Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right, officina letter below, mintmark NIKO below, on reverse. Bold, broad-flan Fine with dark fields (good contrast). Estimate: $100-$150.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids) 1345. Lot of 2 ancient bronzes (Roman Empire, Greek imperial, Septimius Severus, 193-211 AD, Hadrianopolis; and Ancient Greek, 2nd century BC), both with various countermarks under local Roman authority, ca. 225 AD. VG to Fine, both dark, with clear countermarks. Estimate: $150-$225.

286

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).


World Silver Coins Antigua 1348. Antigua & Barbuda, bronze farthing, 1836. KM-Tn1. AVF, even brown color, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100.

4.0 grams.

Argentina

1349. Argentina, 1 peso token made out of a Potosí cob 8R 1689VR, countermarked and stamped with SALU / TISo / 1 PESO, crosses and other ornaments. S-P40 (host); KM-26 (host); CT-374 (host). 27.2 grams. This fascinating piece comes to us from Argentina, which is why we have attributed it to that country, as that is undoubtedly where it circulated (like many Potosí cobs) and was countermarked (probably in the 1800s). When this coin was originally studied about 50 years ago (see pedigree), it was postulated that the first part of the countermark is the word “salutis,” meaning “(of) health” in Latin, but it can also mean “salvation.” The small o after TIS is probably just an ornament, clearly not meant to be a letter O, as it does not match the letter O in PESO. In addition to the wording, the countermarks also include 4 Latin crosses and 7 flower-like ornaments, all boldly punched into what is otherwise a pretty decent cob, AVF, with most of cross and pillars, bold VR, and 3 partial dates. Pedigreed to the collection of Siro de Martini in Buenos Aires (ca. 1960s-70s). Estimate: $500-up.

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Bolivia (colonial) Pillars

1350. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1768JR, “VRTA” error, 4-petalled floret, unique. KM-unl. (cf. 50); CT-unl. According to Gilboy, who referenced Cunietti: “The rarity of this piece results from the mint director’s (Pedro de Tagle) reporting of the mis-spelling to the Viceroy, 6 May 1769, whereupon Viceroy Manuel Amat immediately ordered the collection and destruction of all available pieces bearing the error.” Gilboy also rated the error R3 (11-25 known), but the last specimen to sell at auction (Ponterio, January 2009, a scratched VF+, for $6,250 plus buyer’s fee) was described as “only the third example that we know to exist.” We feel the true population is somewhere in between, probably less than 10 known; but note: Ours appears to be the ONLY one known with proper 4-petalled floret at bottom of shield side (all others show a distinctive 6-petalled rosette), hence a different variety from Gilboy #P-8-2d. In any case, for whatever reason, most of the known specimens of this egregious error were holed and plugged at the top, as is the present coin (barely detectable), which is otherwise quite decent, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

(cf. 968). 26.9 grams.

1351. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1767JR. KM-47; CT-1591. 3.1 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned AVF, no problems. Estimate: $35-$50. 1352. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1769JR. KM-47; CT-1593. 3.1 grams. Decent AVF, no toning. Estimate: $35$50. 1353. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1770JR. KM-47; CT-1594. 3.0 grams. Bold XF with grainy surfaces (probably cleaned), no toning. Estimate: $60-$90.

1354. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 1/2 real, Charles III, 1768JR. KM-46; CT-1795. 1.6 grams. Fine with hint of toning. Estimate: $35$50.

1355. Potosí, Bolivia, pillar 1/2 real, Charles III, 1770JR. KM-46; CT-1797. 1.5 grams. Bold pillars (F) enhanced by toned fields, shield side virtually flat in centers (VG). Estimate: $35-$50. 1356. Lot of 12 Potosí, Bolivia, pillar minors (2R, 1768 and 1769; 1R, 1768; 1/2R, 1767 [3], 1768 [2], 1769 and 1770 [3]), all Charles III, assayer JR. 30.1 grams total. Decent coins (F-XF), most with nice toning, but all holed near edge for jewelry, great lot for resale. Estimate: $125-$200. 288


Busts

1357. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1789PR. KM-55; CT-998. 26.8 grams. Attractively toned AVF with hole near

edge above head. Estimate: $60-$90.

1360. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1808PJ. Lightly rainbow-toned AU, faint hairlines in obverse field, no problems, scarcer type for date (Ferdinand VII). Estimate: $100-$150. KM-84; CT-599. 27.0 grams.

1361. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8R, various dates (1785PR, 1789PR [bust of Charles III, ordinal IV], 1794PR, 1797PP [2] and 1819PJ). 159.9 grams total. Grades from About Fine to AXF, some nicely toned, but all with some kind of damage like holes, cleaning, rim-dings or marks (one with tiny chops as circulated in the Orient). Estimate: $125-$200.

1362. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8R: Charles IV 1800PP

1358. Potosí, Bolivia, silver 8R proclamation medal,

and Ferdinand VII 1822PJ. 53.9 grams total. Both nicely toned F or better but crudely plugged near edge. Estimate: $50$75.

Ferdinand VII, 1808. 27.1 grams. Struck on a pillar-dollar planchet, with “tulip” edge and distinctive 6-petalled rosette at 6 o’clock per the 1767-8 issues, showing mounting and pillars on obverse, proclamation on reverse, lightly cleaned AU with hint of toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

1363. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1780PR. KM-54; CT-1187. 13.1 grams. Bold

AVF enhanced by dark orange toning around details, the fields in between lightly cleaned. Estimate: $125-$200.

1364. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4R, Charles III, various dates (1774JR, 1780PR, 1783PR and 1788PR). 51.3 G to AVF in terms of wear, mostly toned, 2 with hole above head. Estimate: $125-$200. grams total. From

1359. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1808PJ. Richly rainbow-toned XF with weak center on reverse, touch of corrosion on part of edge. Estimate: $60-$90. KM-73; CT-732. 26.9 grams.

289

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1365. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1809PJ, encapsulated NGC AU-58, ex: Whittier collection. KM-72; CT-886. Lustrous fields, with slight wear or weakness on high points, desirable pedigree, reportedly finest known. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection, as stated in the slab. Estimate: $600$900.

1366. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 2R, Charles III and IV, various dates (1773JR [2], 1774JR [2], 1778PR, 1787PR and 1795PP). 45.3 grams. Grades from VG to choice XF, mostly toned, one of the 1774’s with crude hole at top, and the 1778 with unidentified countermark on bust. Estimate: $70-$100.

1367. Lot of 10 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1R, Charles III and IV, various dates (1774JR [2], 1775JR, 1776JR, 1776PR, 1780PR, 1783PR, 1790PR, 1792PR [2]). 32.8 grams. Decent VG to VF, mostly nicely toned, the 1790 with hole at top, the 1776 sure to be popular with US collectors. Estimate: $60-$90. 1368. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII, 1825JL, encapsulated NGC MS-65. KM-87; CT-1204. Perfect strike, golden toned and with lots of original luster, among the finest known. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of March 5, 2010, where it sold for $450 + buyer’s fee. Estimate: $400-$600.

1369. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, bust 1/2R, Charles III, IV and Ferdinand VII, various dates (1773JR [2], 1799PP and 1816PJ). 6.5 grams total VG to XF, one of the 1773’s holed at top but nicely toned. Estimate: $35-$50.

Bolivia (Republic)

1370. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1838LM. KM-97. 27.0 grams. Lustrous AU with light surface hairlines, nice toning near part of edge. Estimate: $60-$75. 1371. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1844R, encapsulated NGC AU-58. KM-103. Beautifully rainbow-toned and problem-free. Estimate: $60-$90.

1372. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, 4 soles, 1856FJ and 1858FJ. KM-123.2. 27.0 grams total. Both cleaned and with typically weak centers, the 1856 an XF with edge-flaw, the 1858 a problem-free VF. Estimate: $100-$150.

290


1373. Potosí, Bolivia, 1 sol, 1830JL. KM-94a. 3.2 grams. Choice XF, bold strike, no problems. Estimate: $60-$90. 1374. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/2 sol, 1830JL, variety with six 6-pointed stars. KM-93.2a. 1.7 grams. Choice Mint State with hint of luster, tiny green bits in crevices, slight (natural) bulge in rim below bust. Estimate: $100-$150.

1375. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, 1 bolivianos in NGC capsules: 1867FP, 11 stars, AU-58; 1870ER, MS-63; and 1870ER normal wreath, MS-62. The 1867 choice and lightly toned, the others lustrous but bagmarked. Estimate: $250-$375.

1376. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, 1 bolivianos in NGC capsules: 1870ER, AU-58; 1871ER, MS-62; and 1872FE, MS-63. The 1870 and 1871 with light toning and bagmarks, the 1872 highly lustrous. Estimate: $250-$375.

291


1377. Potosí, Bolivia, piedfort pattern 1/10 boliviano, 1865/4FP, reeded edge, medal alignment, encapsulated NGC MS-64, ex: Whittier collection. KM-PB3. 4.0 grams. Lustrous and perfect, desirable pedigree, among the finest known, value of $2,000 in KM. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection, as stated in the slab. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1378. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, silver minors in NGC capsules: 1/10 boliviano, 1864FP, MS-62; and 1/20 boliviano, 1865FP, MS-64. Both beautifully toned and lustrous, very nice. Estimate: $70-$100.

1379. Potosí, Bolivia, proof 50 centavos, 1884FE, encapsulated NGC PF-62, very rare.

KM-161.4. Deeply mirrored Proof reverse but obverse looks more like Mint State, attractively rainbow-toned, one of reportedly only 10 made (all Proof). Estimate: $1,350-$2,100.

1380. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, 50 centavos in NGC capsules: 1873FE, MS-64; 1901MM, MS-63; and 1909H, MS-63. Choice specimens, all lustrous but only the 1901 and 1909 with colorful toning. Estimate: $200-$300. 1381. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, 20 centavos in NGC capsules: 1891CB, MS-64; 1904MM, MS-63; and 1909H, MS-64. Frosty, lustrous and lightly toned, in that order, but all quite nice. Estimate: $100-$150.

1382. Bolivia (struck in Paris), copper-nickel 10 centavos (proof), 1883-A, encapsulated NGC PF66, very rare. KM-170.1. Deeply rose-toned and perfect except for a couple tiny bagmarks, one of reportedly only 10 made in Proof. Interestingly, because of confusion with the silver 20 centavos, the non-Proof specimens of this copper-nickel 10 centavos were officially recalled, punched through the center and then re-released. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

292


1383. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, 10 centavos in NGC capsules: 1870ER, MS-64; 1893CB, MS-65. KM-153.1 and 158.3. Both lustrous, the 1870 toned and the 1893 frosty. Note the 1893 is silver and not to be confused with the Heaton-mint copper-nickel issue of the same date. Estimate: $70-$100. 1384. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, 5 centavos in NGC capsules: 1871ER, MS-64; and 1893CB, MS-63. KM-156.2 and 157.2. Lustrous, no toning, the 1893 struck slightly off-center. Note the 1893 is silver and not to be confused with the Heaton-mint copper-nickel issue of the same date. Estimate: $70-$100. 1385. Lot of 2 Bolivia copper minors of 1883-A, both encapsulated NGC: 2c, MS-63 BN; 1c, MS-64 BN. The 2c with much original red color, both coins with muted luster and problem-free. Estimate: $70-$100.

Bolivia (mixed)

1386. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, silver and copper coins and medal. 32.2 grams. A mixed bag of colonial and Republic, as follows: 2R 1791PR toned VF; 1R 1776JR VG; 1R 1785PR Fine; 1/2R 1830JL toned XF; copper 2c 1864 AVF with rimdings; and silver 10-gram Melgarejo/Muñóz medal 1865 lustrous XF+. The copper 2c (KM-148) has a KM catalog value of $250 in VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

Brazil

1387. Brazil, 50 reis, crowned-50 countermark (1663) on reverse of Lisbon, Portugal, 40 reis, John IV. KM-22. 1.9 grams. Full countermark, full denomination XXXX and king’s ordinal IIII, Fine+ with nicely toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

1388. Brazil, 640 reis, Pedro II, 1695. KM-84. 18.8 grams. AVF or so, with light rainbow toning, parts of rim weak on reverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

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1389. Brazil, 640 reis, Pedro II, 1696. KM-84. 18.5 grams. AVF with colorful blue toning on fields, parts of rim weak on reverse. Estimate: $100-$150. 1390. Brazil (Pernambuco mint), 640 reis, Pedro II, 1701-P. KM-90.3. 18.5 grams. Attractively toned VF with natural flaw in edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

1391. Lot of 3 Brazil 640 reis, Pedro II, 1695, 1696 and 1701-P. 55.7 grams total. Toned F-AVF with minor rim-flaws Estimate: $250-$375.

1392. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, 1816-B, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8R dated 1798.

KM-307.1. 26.5 grams.

Lustrous and attractively toned AXF with hole a top, several elements of original design peeking through but particularly the 1798 date above the crown. Estimate: $50-$75. 1393. Brazil (mint uncertain), 960 reis, 1817, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8R of 1797, with unidentified (Dutch? 32 stuivers?) countermark on obverse (probably rare). 26.6 grams. Richly toned AXF with several elements of original design peeking through, like the 1797 date at bottom of cross, but the most curious aspect is the bold, round countermark in the center of the obverse featuring crossed swords above a crude 32 preceded by a dot, origin unknown. Estimate: $300-$450.

294


1394. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, 1820-R, struck over a British Honduras 6 shilling 1 penny (crowned-GR countermark, 1810-18) on a Spanish colonial (probably Mexico) bust 8 reales of Ferdinand VII, unique. KM-326.1. 27.0 grams. Attractively toned XF with two significant elements of the original design peeking through: the bust of Ferdinand VII, and a clear countermark with incuse script-GR below crown (for Georgius Rex) on the host coin for circulation in British Honduras. To our knowledge this is the only specimen of this combination, as the countermark itself (KM-4.2, Pridmore-3) is rare and highly sought, and it should have significant appeal to both Brazilian and West Indies collectors. With old (1950s?) pedigree tag from COLEÇÃO EDISON URRUTIGARAY LANCA BRASIL in Porto Alegre. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1395. Brazil, 2000 reis, 1852, encapsulated NGC AU-58. KM-462. Partially lustrous, partially rainbow-toned, attractive in any case. Estimate: $60-$90. 1396. Brazil, 2000 reis, 1865. KM-466. 25.4 grams. Lustrous Mint State, no problems, streak of toning across arms. Estimate: $80-$120.

295


British West Indies 1397. Lot of 2 British West Indies minors: 1/8 dollar 1822 and 1/16 dollar 1820. 3.3 and 1.7 grams. Toned VF (both), no problems. Estimate: $50-$75.

Burma (Myanmar) 1398. Burma (Myanmar), Iriwaddy Counting House at Rangoon, 5 taels,.999 fine silver ingot (1970s). 172.8 grams, approx. 2" x 1-1/4" x 1/2". Bold markings (lustrous XF) on one side, the rest with very light corrosion and patina, interesting as a small ingot that could also be used as a coin. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction #107 of June 10, 2000, with original lot-tag #1292. Estimate: $250-$375.

Chile (colonial) Busts

1399. Lot of 8 Santiago, Chile, bust 2R, Charles III and Charles IV transitional, various dates (1775DA [2], 1777DA, 1779DA, 1781DA, 1786DA, 1788DA and 1791DA). 50.4 grams total. Grades from G to F, most of them lightly toned, 2 with holes at top. Estimate: $150-$225. 1400. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1813FJ, inverted mintmark. KM-79; CT-1019. 6.3 grams. Toned VF with small hole at top, crude rims (as made), a few old scratches. Estimate: $60-$90. 1401. Lot of 8 Santiago, Chile, bust 2R, Charles IV and Ferdinand VII, various dates (1795DA, 1796DA, 1799DA, 1801AJ, 1802JJ, 1804FJ, 1808FJ and 1815FJ. 51.3 grams total. Grades from G to F, most of them nicely toned, 2 with holes at top. Estimate: $90-$135. 1402. Lot of 6 Santiago, Chile, bust minors, Charles III and IV, various dates: 1R, 1788DA, 1798DA and 1806FJ; 1/2R, 1791DA and 1817FJ. 12.4 grams total. Grades from VG to VF, all more or less toned, the 1R 1788 and 1806 holed at top. Estimate: $50-$75. 1403. Santiago, Chile, bust 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1817FD, scarce assayer. KM-64; CT-1397. 1.7 grams. Nice Fine+ with weak bust but attractively toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

Chile (Copiap贸)

1404. Copiap贸, Chile, peso (uniface), (1859), encapsulated NGC AU-55. KM-2.2. Lightly toned, spartan design with lots of open field that shows minor stress fractures, interesting revolutionary issue under Don Pedro Le贸n Gallo Goyenechea. Estimate: $200-$300. 1405. Copiap贸, Chile, peso, 1865, encapsulated NGC XF-40. KM-4. No problems, lightly toned but spartan design, siege coinage for the blockade of Puerto de Caldera issued during the war with Spain. Estimate: $150-$225. 296


Chile (Republic) “Volcano” series

1406. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” peso, 1817FJ.

KM-82.2.

Nicely toned VF, date side struck off-center, a few minor marks in the fields. Estimate: $150-$225. 1407. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” 2 reales, 1834IJ, medal alignment. KM-92. 6.8 grams. Deeply toned XF with light surface hairlines in fields. Estimate: $70-$100. 27.1 grams.

1408. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” 2 reales, 1834IJ, medal alignment. KM-92. 6.2 grams. Slightly crude Fine with weak center on date side, toned around letters, holed at edge. Estimate: $40-$60.

1409. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” 1 real, 1834IJ, medal alignment. KM-91. 3.3 grams. Non-toned AXF, no problems. Estimate: $80-$120. 1410. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” 1 real, 1834IJ, medal alignment. KM-91. 3.2 grams. Nice AVF with very weak centers, toned at rims. Estimate: $50-$75. 1411. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” 1/2 real, 1833I, medal alignment. KM-90. 1.5 grams. Holed, slightly crude F with nicely toned fields. Estimate: $60-$90. 1412. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” 1/2 real, 1834I, medal alignment, encapsulated NGC MS-62. KM-90. Choice, lightly toned and lustrous. Estimate: $600-$800. 1413. Santiago, Chile, “volcano” 1/2 real, 1834I, medal alignment. KM-90. 1.3 grams. Lightly cleaned XF+, lustrous, no toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

Spanish denominations

1414. Santiago, Chile, 8 reales, 1839IJ.

KM-96.1. 26.7 grams.

Nicely toned XF+ with some original luster on fields. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

297


Decimal denominations (silver)

1415. Santiago, Chile, 5 pesos, 1927, 2.7-mm denomination.

KM-173.2. 24.9 grams.

Lightly cleaned and lustrous AU, no

toning. Estimate: $60-$90.

1416. Lot of 2 Santiago, Chile, 2 pesos, 1927 (two different varieties). KM-172. 35.6 grams total. One with 0,5 (curved-top 5), nice XF+ with luster and hint of toning; the other 0.5 (flat-top 5) problem-free VF. Estimate: $40-$60. 1417. Lot of 3 Santiago, Chile, 1 pesos (1878, 1879 and 1881). KM-142.1. 74.5 grams total. Decent VF-XF, the 1878 and 1881 with minor rim-bumps but otherwise problem-free. Estimate: $60-$90. 1418. Lot of 3 Santiago, Chile, 1 pesos (1895, 1896 and 1905). KM-152.1 and 152.2. 59.9 grams total. Polished VF to problemfree XF, the 1896 with minor rim-dings. Estimate: $60-$90. 1419. Lot of 7 Santiago, Chile, 1 pesos (1910, 1917, 1922, 1925, 1927 [2] and 1932). 62.1 grams. A mix of types and sizes and finenesses but all the same basic design and denomination, VF-XF on average, a few lightly cleaned and some with minor rimdings but no major problems. Estimate: $60-$90. 1420. Lot of 3 Santiago, Chile, silver minors: 50c, 1853; 20c, 1853; 1/2 décimo, 1857. 18.6 grams total. Average VF-XF, the smaller coins with original luster, a few minor marks. Estimate: $60-$90. 1421. Lot of 3 Santiago, Chile, coins: 50 centavos, 1902, 1905; aluminum-bronze 5 centésimos, 1961. 23.9 grams total. VF+ to XF+, no problems, the 5c with some original luster. Estimate: $40-$60. 1422. Lot of 13 Santiago, Chile, silver minors: 20c, 1871, 1880, 1892/82, 1895, 1913/1, 1916 and 1919; 10c, 1919; 5c, 1896, 1904/1, 1907, 1910 and 1919. 35.2 grams total. F-XF+, a few with minor marks but generally problem-free and a nice mix of dates and denominations. Estimate: $60-$90. 1423. Lot of 9 Santiago, Chile, silver minors: 1 décimo, 1867, 1880 [2], 1887, 1896 and 1907; 1/2 décimo, 1881, 1885 and 1887. 18.9 grams. A mix of types and sizes and finenesses but all the same basic design and denomination, About Fine to XF+ on average, no major problems. Estimate: $40-$60. 1424. Lot of 3 Santiago, Chile, 1/2 décimos (1853, 1856/5 and 1861), all encapsulated NGC AU-55. All lightly rainbowtoned and attractive. Estimate: $200-$300. 1425. Santiago, Chile, 1/2 décimo, 1884, mule without 0.5. KM-149. 1.3 grams. Lustrous AU with small spots of toning, parts of rim slightly weak. Estimate: $40-$60.

Decimal denominations (copper-nickel and copper) 1426. Lot of 13 Santiago, Chile, copper-nickel coins: 1 peso, 1933; 20c, 1924, 1940; 10c, 1923, 1933, 1936, 1938, 1940; 5c, 1920, 1928, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938. 45.8 grams total. F-XF+, a few with minor marks but generally problem-free and a nice mix of dates and denominations. Estimate: $40-$60. 1427. Lot of 4 Santiago, Chile, copper-nickel 20 centavos, 1941, all encapsulated NGC (MS-63, MS-61 and AU-58 [2]), ex: Whittier collection. All lightly toned and problem-free. From the Whittier collection (stated inside slabs). Estimate: $25$40. 1428. Lot of 9 Santiago, Chile, copper coins: 2-1/2c, 1886, 1887; 2c, 1881, 1882 (with star countermark), 1919; 1c, 1898, 1908, 1919; 1/2c, 1883/3. 49.7 grams total. VF-XF on average but the countermarked 2c Fine with punchmark, a few with old scratches but no big problems. Estimate: $40-$60. 1429. Lot of 4 Santiago, Chile, copper-nickel coins: 2c, 1876; 1c, 1871 (3), one with tiny rosette countermarks and one with large U countermark. 21.4 grams total. VG-F on average, no big problems, the countermarks interesting but unattributed. Estimate: $40-$60. 1430. Lot of 4 Santiago, Chile, copper coins: 1c, 1851; 1/2c, 1835, 1851 and 1853. 28.6 grams total. VF-AU, some with minor rim damage, the 1853 (AU) with some original red color and luster. Estimate: $40-$60.

298


China 1431. China, 10 taels (sycee ingot), 12.5 oz (ca. 1890). 354.1 grams. Thick, oval ingot with concave top marked with Chinese characters in 3 rectangles, small bump in center, toned, with exterior bubble-holes. Chinese ingots like this are interesting as generally having been made from melted Spanish silver coins. Estimate: $350-$500.

Colombia (colonial)

1432. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales-sized proclamation medal for Ferdinand VII, 1808, pomegranate at top only. AU with light toning, some luster, part of rim weak. Estimate: $300-$450. 1433. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales-sized proclamation medal for Ferdinand VII, 1808, pomegranates at top and bottom. Restrepo-p. 139 7.9 grams. Lightly toned XF+, proclamation side struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $300-$450. 1434. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1811/0JF. Restrepo-114.2; KM-70.2; CT-975. 6.4 grams. Fine with weak bust and old scratches in centers, nicely toned. Estimate: $75-$110. Restrepo-p. 139 6.8 grams.

1435. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1817FJ.

Restrepo-113.5; KM-70.1; CT-1010. 6.4

Richly toned About Fine with weak centers, no problems. Estimate: $60-$90. 1436. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1819FJ, scarce. Restrepo-113.9; KM-70.1; CT1012. 6.5 grams. VF with a few old marks, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $100-$150. 1437. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1820/10MF. Restrepo-114.12; KM-70.2; CT981. 6.2 grams. Richly toned About Fine with weak bust and rims but no big problems. Estimate: $75-$110. grams.

1438. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1773VJ. grams. Nice

Restrepo-38.3; KM-46.1; CT-1625. 3.4

Fine, toned, with slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $80-$120.

299


1439. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1784JJ, very rare. Restrepo-38.13.; KM-46.1; CT-1630. 3.2 grams. Richly old-toned Fine with weak bust, no problems, erroneously undistinguished in KM and underpriced in Restrepo (who does call it rare). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 1440. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1801/1?JJ, unlisted overdate. Restrepo-unl. (Type 78); KM-unl. (cf. 58); CT-unl. (Type 139). 3.2 grams. Lightly toned AVF with weak centers, no problems, the final digit of the date clearly over another digit, which the consignor believes is 1, but Restrepo only lists 1/7 and 1/9 (with photos, neither of which is identical to this coin). Estimate: $250-$375. 1441. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1812JF. Restrepo-111.5; KM68.1; CT-1210. 3.5 grams. Nice VF with typically weak bust, attractive toning, parts of rim weak (as made). Estimate: $60-$90. 1442. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1817FJ. Restrepo-111.11; KM-68.1; CT-1212. 3.3 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned) AXF, minor edge-flaw (as made) at top. Estimate: $75-$110. 1443. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1784JJ, no dot between J’s, very rare. Restrepo32.13; KM-45.1; CT-1830. 1.5 grams. Lightly toned VG+ with weak bust, slightly lacquered surfaces, but important details clear, underpriced in Restrepo who nevertheless does note that only 3 are known. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1444. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1812JF, mintmark “MR,” very rare. Restrepo-106.6; KM-69.1; CT-1384. 1.6 grams. Nicely toned VF for the type, no problems, the 2 of the date possibly an overdate but decidedly not 2/1 as pictured in Restrepo, curious error with M instead of N in the mintmark. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1445. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1816FJ. Restrepo-106.7; KM69.1; CT-1395. 1.6 grams. Deeply toned but slightly grainy Fine+, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $100-$150. 1446. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, no date or mintmark or assayer (1756-96), large castle / small lion variety, scarce. Restrepo-2.1 0.9 gram. Bold XF with part of rim (both sides) flawed due to off-center strike, the castle and lion of a distinct style matching the punches used for the very rare pillar dollars of the same period, following the cob tradition of using the 8R punches for the 1/4R. Estimate: $50-$75.

300


1447. Lot of 2 Bogotรก, Colombia, 1/4R with no date or mintmark or assayer (1756-96), small castle variety, scarce. Restrepo-2.2 1.0 and 0.8 gram. Average Fine, with toning around details, no problems. This particular type with small castle is sometimes popularly attributed to Guatemala and Argentina (La Rioja) because the punches were the same across many different mints. Estimate: $60-$90.

1448. Lot of 11 Bogotรก, Colombia, 1/4R with no date or mintmark or assayer (1756-96), several different varieties (all large castles). Restrepo-2.1 and 2.1a 8.3 grams total. Great lot for study, as it contains many slightly different castles that might be possible to match with exact dates, the lions in 2 varieties as well, in a wide range of grades (G-VF) and toning, but only one with notable damage. Estimate: $200-$300.

1449. Bogotรก, Colombia, 1/4 real, Charles IV, 1798. Restrepo-75.6; KM-63; CT-1431. 0.7 gram. Nice AXF, attractively toned, with part of rim crude as struck off-center. Estimate: $100-$150. 1450. Lot of 2 Bogotรก, Colombia, 1/4R, Charles IV, 1798 and 1799. Restrepo-75.6 and 75.8; KM-63; CT-Type 170. 0.7 and 0.6 gram. AVF and VF, the 1798 with weak rims (as made), otherwise problem-free. Estimate: $80-$120.

301


1451. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, Charles IV, 1799. Restrepo-75.8; KM-63; CT-1433. 0.6 gram. Attractively toned XF with crude rims (as made), die-crack to right of lion. Estimate: $60-$90. 1452. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, Charles IV, 1803/2, scarce. Restrepo-75.16; KM-63; CT-1438. 0.9 gram. VF with old scratches, decent rims. Estimate: $40-$60. 1453. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, Charles IV, 1804. Restrepo-75.19; KM-63; CT1440. 0.8 gram. Fine+ with nice toning around details, no big problems, better date. Estimate: $100-$150. 1454. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, Ferdinand VII, 1809/8, rare. Restrepo-100.2; KM-67.1; CT-unl. (Type 408). 0.9 gram. Fine with crude rims (as made) and a few old marks but toned around details. Estimate: $60-$90.

Colombia (Royalist) 1455. Pasto, Colombia, 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1822O, scarce. Restrepo-115; KM-74; CT-973. 6.3 grams. Popular 1-year issue that is unique in showing both the king’s name (FERDND 7) and CONST (for Constitution) in the legend, typically crude strike (much flatness) but technically no worse than Fine, with spotty but colorful toning. Estimate: $75-$110.

1456. Cartagena(?), Colombia, “imitation cob” 1/2 real, (ca. 1815), extremely rare. Cf. Restrepo-108.2. 1.2 grams. This fascinating piece lends itself well to professional study, as its interior design on both sides is rather complete for diagnostic purposes: On the obverse is a Philippvs monogram with clover shape below it (possibly an anomalous date involving a horizontal 8 with a small 0 above and 1 in the middle below, hence 810), and on the reverse is a cross with lizard-like lions facing opposite directions and straight-sided castles. In addition to a similar planchet type (low-grade silver, thin and with sharply cut sides), the lions and castles on this coin actually match other Cartagena royalist issues (see lot #1346 in our Treasure Auction #7, for example). The monogram, however, is a bit different, with small V placed above the central horizontal line of the H and garnished with a tiny cross at top left, whereas the other Cartagena issues show the V larger and below the H, where on this coin the mysterious 3-leaf clover (or imaginary date) appears instead. It is entirely possible that this coin was struck at some other royalist holdout in Colombia, like Santa Marta, for example. There is certainly ample documentation on record to show that necessity pieces were struck throughout the region during the revolutionary period and soon recalled. In any case, this coin is clearly well struck and high grade for the type (VF+), and obviously it must be very rare, since it does not appear in any references so far. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

1457. Santa Marta, Colombia, copper 1/4 real, Ferdinand VII, 1820, medal alignment. Restrepo-104.1; KM-B4; CT-1668. 1.9 grams. XF, slightly uneven strike, dark-brown color all over. Estimate: $100-$150. 1458. Santa Marta, Colombia, copper 1/4 real, Ferdinand VII, 1820, medal alignment. Restrepo-104.1; KM-B4; CT-1668. 1.6 grams. XF, slightly uneven strike and off-center reverse, attractive chocolate-brown color. Estimate: $100-$150.

302


Colombia (Republic) United Provinces of New Granada, “Libertad Americana,” 1811-20

1459. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1819JF. Restrepo-142.1; KM-78. 23.2 grams. Fine or better but with typically very weak centers, bold legends enhanced by light toning, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150. 1460. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1820/19JF. Restrepo-142.2; KM-78. 22.7 grams. Lustrous AVF with typically very weak centers, light toning in legends, spots of green. Estimate: $150-$225.

1461. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1819JF, denomination in legend, rare. Restrepo-138.1; KM-76. 5.6 grams. Broad-flan Fine+ with spots of dark encrustation, nice bold legends but weak bust, tiny nicks in edge. Estimate: $250-$375.

Gran Colombia/Cundinamarca, 1819-36

1462. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1820JF. Restrepo-157.1; KM-C6. 21.0 grams. AVF with more central detail than usual, prominent rims (crude in places), uneven toning Estimate: $150-$225. 1463. Lot of 2 coins of the first Colombian republic: Bogotá, 8 reales, 1821BaJF; Popayán, 1/4 real, 1826RU. 25.0 grams total. The 8R is nice AVF with weak centers, the 1/4R rough Fine, both lightly toned. Estimate: $60-$90.

1464. Lot of 2 Bogotá, Colombia, minors of 1821BaJF (2R and 1R). 5.5 and 2.5 grams. Both toned Fine+, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100.

303


Republic of New Granada, 1837-62

1465. Lot of three 1R (Bogotá: 1827RR and 1836RS; Popayán: 1831RU), all at least scarce. 2.6-2.7 grams each. FVF on average, mostly nicely toned, the Popayán struck offcenter and the Bogotás with weak centers on reverse. Estimate: $70-$100. 1466. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/2 real, 1821BaJF, rare. Restrepo-149; KM-F8. 1.2 grams. Bold VF with weak bust as usual, nice toning around details, no problems, 1-year type. Estimate: $150-$225.

1469. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1843RS.

Restrepo-194.9;

Lustrous AXF with typically weak centers, light surface hairlines, some bright green and dark brown encrustation. Estimate: $125-$200. KM-98. 23.7 grams.

1470. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1846RS.

Restrepo-194.15;

VF+ with light surface hairlines, small dig near center and tiny rim-nicks plus natural flaw in reverse rim at about 4 o’clock, hint of toning and luster. Estimate: $50$75. KM-98. 21.9 grams.

1467. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1821Ba, dot below a, scarce. Restrepo-145.3p; KM-79.2. 0.8 gram. Bold Fine with crusty black encrustation around details, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $60-$90.

1468. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1834RU, rare. Crude and lightly scuffed VG with weak but certain date, die-crack flanking top of cornucopia, lightly golden-toned. Estimate: $35-$50. Restrepo-147.7; KM-85.2. 0.7 gram.

Please place absentee bids at www.iCollector.com/sedwick (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

1471. Lot of 3 Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales: 1840RS, 1842RS, 1844RS. Restrepo-194; KM-98. 66.2 grams total. F-VF, the 1840 silvery, the 1842 boldly toned and the 1844 lustrous but weak in centers and with natural rim-flaw. Estimate: $75-$110.

304


1477. Lot of 8 Colombian minors: four 2R (Popayán, 1843/ 2RU; Bogotá, 1844RS; Bogotá, 1846/5RS, Bogotá, 1849); two 1R (Bogotá, 1847; Bogotá, 1852); one 1/2R (Popayán, 1839RU); and one 1/4R (Popayán, 1855). 27.7 grams total. Grades from About Fine to choice XF+, a nice mix of denominations and types (and colors!), a few minor issues (one with re-engraved LIBERTAD, etc.). Estimate: $60-$90.

1472. Bogotá, Colombia, 10 reales, 1848. Restrepo-196.3; KMVF with weak centers, lustrous near rims, with tiny rim-nicks on reverse. Estimate: $70-$100. 107. 24.9 grams.

1478. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 real, 1837RS. Restrepo-182.1; KM91.1. 2.7 grams. Well-struck AXF with nice toning all over. Estimate: $50-$75. 1479. Popayán, Colombia, 1/2 real, 1846UE. Restrepo-178.24; KM-96.2. 1.3 grams. AVF with minor marks, spots of toning and luster. Estimate: $50-$75.

1473. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1858.

Restrepo-198.9; KM-

118. 24.8 grams. Nice VF with toning around details, short old scratch below PESO and a few minor marks. Estimate: $50$75. 1474. Lot of 3 coins of Bogotá, Colombia: 1 peso, 1856/ 5; 1 peso, 1856; and 2 décimos, 1855. 54.5 grams total. Average AVF with no big problems, generally nicely toned. Estimate: $60-$90.

1480. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1838. Restrepo-172.3; KMDecent XF with deep toning on obverse only, parts of rims weak due to poor centering. Estimate: $75$110. 90.1. 0.5 gram.

1481. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1840. Restrepo-172.7; KM1475. Lot of two 2R (Bogotá 1843RS and Popayán 1844UM). 6.6 and 4.4 grams. The 1843 is VF with spotty toning; the 1844 is lightly corroded (salvaged) AVF with attractively contrasting toning. Estimate: $60-$90.

Nice AU with choice rims, muted luster, bits of green. Estimate: $75-$110. 90.1. 0.6 gram.

1482. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1846. Restrepo-172.19; KM1476. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1849. Restrepo-190.5; KM105. 5.0 grams. Lustrous

AU- with lots of minor marks in fields, no toning. Estimate: $70-$100.

90.1. 0.7 gram. AVF with toning around details, parts of rims weak due to poor centering. Estimate: $50-$75.

305


Granadine Confederation, 1858-62

1483. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1860.

United States of New Granada, 1861-62

Restrepo-226.4; KM-

VF or so with deeply rainbow-toned obverse, slightly crude rims. Estimate: $50-$75. 126. 24.7 grams.

1486. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1861.

Restrepo-243.1; KM-

138. 24.5 grams. AVF with minor rim-nicks, old scratch in shield.

Estimate: $125-$200.

United States of Colombia, 1862-86

1484. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1859, rare. Restrepo221.1; KM-unl. 0.7 gram.

VF with spots of dark encrustation.

Estimate: $150-$225.

1487. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1863.

Restrepo-315.2; KM-

139.1. 24.7 grams. Lustrous AXF with slightly crude rim (as made),

light toning. Estimate: $75-$110.

1488. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 peso, 1867. 1485. Lot of 4 Colombian cuartillo-sized coins: Popayán, 1/4 décimo, 1861 (3 stars); Popayán, 1/4 décimo, 1865/4 (8 stars); Popayán, 1/4 décimo, 1874 (“broken” 7); Bogotá, 2-1/2 centavos, 1875. 2.1 grams total. F-VF on average, some slightly crude, a nice mix of types with several interesting varieties for the advanced collector to study. Estimate: $100-$150.

Restrepo-315.6; KM-

139.1. 24.7 grams. Beautifully toned XF, no problems. Estimate: $75-$110. 1489. Lot of 3 Bogotá, Colombia, silver coins: 1 peso, 1866; 50 centavos, 1880; 2 décimos, 1867. 41.8 grams total. The peso is VF+ and nicely toned; the 50c is cleaned VF; and the 2 décimos is semi-lustrous VF with nice toning. Estimate: $60-$90.

306


1490. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1875.

Restrepo-308.2; KM-177.1. 12.5 grams.

AXF with spots of toning, no problems.

Estimate: $50-$75. 1491. Popayán, Colombia, 1 décimo, 1864. Restrepo-267.2; KM-145.2. 2.5 grams. Lightly toned VF+, curiously struck from modified 1848 New Granada 1 real dies, with traces of the original design still visible. Estimate: $80-$120.

1492. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1862, nine rosettes below denomination, very rare. Restrepo-248.1; KM-unl. (cf. 132.1). 0.6 gram. AVF with crude surfaces (dark and slightly grainy and encrusted) but with clear details, so rare that Restrepo says “one known.” Estimate: $200-up.

Modern republic, 1886 to present

1493. Lot of 2 Colombian coins: One Bogotá silver “mint door” peso (bicentennial commemorative), 1956; one Bucamaranga (Santander) brass uniface 50 centavos, 1902. 26.3 grams. A bit incongruous but nevertheless attractive combination of a modern silver bullion piece in lustrous Mint State grade with a Civil War necessity issue in problem-free VF or better. Estimate: $50-$75. 1494. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1898, encapsulated PCGS AU-53. Restrepo-407.2; KM-186.1a. Light rainbow toning, the obverse with minor bagmarks, muted luster. Estimate: $125-$200. 1495. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1907, button in hair-bow, rare. Restrepo-413.3a; KM-186.2. 12.3 grams. AXF with hint of toning, slightly crude rims (as made) and traces of red enamel on flag, better variety for the date. Estimate: $50-$75. 1496. Lot of 3 Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1932-B. Restrepo-414.18; KM-193.1. 37.3 grams total. Two AU/UNC specimens with nice luster and traces of rainbow toning, the third specimen nicely toned VF+. Estimate: $25-$40. 1497. Colombia (struck in San Francisco), 50 centavos, 1934, with 1974 Numismáticos Colombianos counterstamp, rare. Restrepo-416.5 and p. 296.; KM-274. 12.4 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned) AU, the counterstamp interestingly featuring a cob on the front. Estimate: $50-$75. 1498. Large lot of 14 Colombian half dollars: 1892 (Columbus), 1902, 1906 (Bogotá), 1908 (Bogotá), 1914 (open 4), 1919/8 (recut “OMBIA”), 1921, 1932-B, 1932-M (2 to right), 1933/23 (round-top 3’s), 1933-M [2], 1934 and 1947/7-B. 173.8 grams total. AVF to XF+ overall, some toned, some cleaned, no major damage, an excellent “starter collection” for this popular and fun series. Estimate: $70-$100.

1499. Bogotá, Colombia, 20 centavos, 1938/1, scarce. Restrepo-388.11; KM-197. 5.0 grams. Brightly cleaned AU, very silvery but otherwise undamaged. Estimate: $25-$40.

307


Costa Rica

1500. Costa Rica, 2 reales, (1845) Type III counterstamp on Madrid, Spain, 4R of 1810AI (Joseph Napoleon). KM-40 (c/m). 5.6 grams. Uneven counterstamp covering head and top of shield, Fine or better overall, nicely toned. Estimate: $70-$100.

1501. Costa Rica, 2 reales, 1846JB Type V counterstamp on a Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales of the mid-1700s. KM-55. 6.1 grams. Beautiful, fully detailed VF+ counterstamp in the middle of an attractively toned About Fine cob with one pillar and part

of date and cross visible, somewhat rare as unholed. Estimate: $150-$225. 1502. Costa Rica, 1 real, 1846JB Type IV counterstamp on an unattributable cob. KM-47. 2.2 grams. Choice full counterstamp, XF and beautifully rainbow-toned, with no details of under-coin visible at all, attempted hole on point. Estimate: $80-$120. 1503. Costa Rica, 1 real, 1849JB. KM-66. 2.9 grams. Lustrous XF+ with attractive rainbow toning on reverse and around rim on obverse. Estimate: $70-$100.

1504. Costa Rica, 1 real, (1849) Type VI “lion” countermark on a Central American Republic 1R of 1849JB. KM-68. 2.6 grams. Very deep countermark (lustrous XF+) that renders the host coin (VF+) concave, attractively toned. Estimate: $50-$75.

1505. Costa Rica, 25 centavos, 1887GW, “GW-9Ds” variety, encapsulated NGC AU-58. KM-127.1. Lustrous and attractive, with very faint hairlines on fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

Cuba

1506. Cuba (Trinidad/Santiago/Príncipe), 2 reales, lattice countermark (1841) on a Madrid, Spain, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1788M. KM-1.1. 5.2 grams. Curious rendition of this countermark in that only the central star in deeply incuse box is visible, the host coin VG with weak areas but nicely toned. Estimate: $35-$50. 1507. Cuba (Trinidad/Santiago/Principe), 2 reales, lattice countermark (1841) on a Seville, Spain, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1808CN. KM-3. 5.7 grams. Full countermark, host Fine with light old scratches in the shape of a cross on reverse, which is struck off-center. Estimate: $50-$75.

1508. Cuba, “souvenir” peso, 1897, wide date, PAT.97. on neck truncation, encapsulated NGC MS-62. KM-M1. Beautifully rainbow-toned with muted luster, only 3 specimens graded higher by NGC. Estimate: $1,800-$2,500.

308


1509. Cuba, peso, 1935, encapsulated NGC MS-61.

KM-22. Lightly bagmarked, with muted luster, no toning. Estimate: $275-$400. 1510. Cuba, peso, 1936, encapsulated NGC MS-62. KM-22. Toned and lustrous, minor bagmarks. Estimate: $275-$400.

Danish West Indies

1511. Lot of 5 Danish West Indies silver and copper minors: 20 skilling, 1847; 10 skilling, 1816; 10 cents, 1862; 10 cents, 1905; and 1 cent, 1879. 17.3 grams. F-VF on average, the 20 skilling with rim-bumps and the 10 skilling holed but otherwise all problem-free and popular. Estimate: $150-$225. 1512. Danish West Indies, bronze 1/2 cent, 1905, encapsulated ANACS MS-64 BRN. KM-74. Choice specimen with hint of original luster peeking through light, chocolate-brown color all over. Estimate: $70-$100.

Dominican Republic 1513. Dominican Republic, 1 peso, 1939. KM-22. 26.6 grams. XF with hint of original luster, very lightly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

Dutch West Indies 1514. Dutch West Indies, 2 stuivers, 1794.

KM-1. 1.6 grams.

Unevenly toned XF+ with some

original luster, popular issue. Estimate: $250-$375.

309


Ecuador

1515. Quito, Ecuador, 4 reales, 1843MV.

KM-24. 12.3 grams.

About Fine with

hole at top, toned legends, crude rim. Estimate: $35-$50.

The Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos

1516. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1842MV-S, coin alignment, 1518. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1843MV, encapsulated encapsulated NGC Fine details / environmental damage, extremely rare. KM-26. One of the rarest coins in the world for this popular (if diminutive) denomination, and from a highly collected country and time period, this date represented by no more than 6-7 specimens, despite the characteristic listing of 4 grades and values in KM. The decree to start making 1/4R in Ecuador was dated in September of 1842, so they were not struck with this date for very long, and a decreed fineness of only 0.333 silver probably drove the coins out of circulation pretty quickly anyway. The debasement on our specimen is manifest by a very dark color, with minor surface corrosion and some weak spots. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $5,000-up.

NGC VF details / surface hairlines. KM-26. Nicely toned, off-center strike, the hairlines really too faint to be an issue. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $200-$300.

1519. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1849GJ, encapsulated NGC XF-40. KM-36. Deeply toned, muted luster. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $400$600.

1517. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1843MV-A, encapsulated NGC XF details / surface hairlines. KM-26. Lustrous but grainy fields, with flan crack at upper-right, hint of toning, variety with dot after CUARTO. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $400-$600.

1520. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1850GJ, encapsulated NGC VF-30. KM-36. Slightly crude rims as made, faintly toned, better date. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $200-$300.

310


1521. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1851GJ, encapsulated NGC XF-40. KM-36. Lustrous and nicely struck, variety without dot after CUARTO. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $400-$600. 1522. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1852GJ, encapsulated NGC VF-35. KM-36. Slightly crude strike, hint of luster. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $200-$300. 1523. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1852GJ, “.8.Ds.� variety. KM-36. 0.7 gram. AVF with weak centers, crude hole at top. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $100-$150.

1524. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1855GJ, encapsulated NGC AU-50. KM-36. Choice grade, with very lustrous fields, lightly toned. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1525. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1856GJ, encapsulated NGC VF details / surface hairlines. KM-36. Hint of luster, bold but typically slightly crude strike, no problems (despite what the slab says). Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $200-$300. 1526. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1862GJ, extremely rare, encapsulated NGC AU-50. KM-36. Lustrous and choice, much nicer strike than usual, and quite rare (about 3 known), with various re-punched letters in the legend, edge slightly crude (as made), another classic cuartillo rarity like the 1842 offered in lot 1515. Pedigreed to the Carlos Janson collection of Ecuadorian cuartillos. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

Decimal coinage 1527. Lot of 3 Ecuador silver coins struck in Mexico City: 5 sucres, 1943 and 1944; 2 sucres, 1944. 59.8 grams total. All Mint State, the 1944 coins very lightly cleaned but the 1943 frosty and perfect. Estimate: $50-$75. 1528. Lot of 2 Ecuador (struck in Philadelphia) 2 sucres, 1928 and 1930. KM-73. 20.0 grams total. The 1928 choice AU with frosty luster, the 1930 toned AXF, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100.

1529. Ecuador (struck in Birmingham), 1 sucre, 1884. KM-53.1. 25.1 grams. Highly lustrous (lightly cleaned) AU-, rather flashy. Estimate:

$40-$60.

311


1530. Lot of 2 Ecuador 1 sucres, 1889DT (SANTIAGO-CHILE) and 1890TF (LIMA). 49.6 grams total. The 1889 is XF with toning around details; the 1890 is a deeply rainbow-toned AXF with unidentified R countermark in neck. Estimate: $40$60. 1531. Lot of 2 Ecuador (struck in Lima) 1 sucres, 1890TF and 1891TF. KM-53.3. 49.7 grams total. Both decent XF, no big problems. Estimate: $40-$60. 1532. Lot of 3 Ecuador (struck in Philadelphia) 1 sucres, 1928, 1930 and 1934. KM-72. 15.0 grams total. The 1928 and 1934 are frosty Mint State, but the 1930 (much smaller mintage) is light toned and lustrous XF. Estimate: $70-$100.

1533. Ecuador, nickel 1 sucre, (1937)HF, brockage error on obverse, encapsulated NGC MS-66. KM-78.1. Fascinating error in which the reverse is missing and replaced with a mirror image of the obverse (known as a brockage), lustrous and top grade. Estimate: $40-$60.

1534. Lot of 4 Ecuador nickel 1 sucre, 20c, 10c and 5c, all dated 1937. 16.0 grams total. Mostly Mint State but none worse than AU, all lustrous. Estimate: $25-$40. 1535. Ecuador (struck in Birmingham), 1/2 sucre, 1884. KM-52. 12.4 grams. VF with toned fields, no problems. Estimate: $40-$60. 1536. Lot of 3 Ecuador 2 décimos: 1889DT (SANTIAGO CHILE), 1914FG (LIMA) and 1916TF (PHILADELPHIA). 14.8 grams total. The 1889 is AXF or so but the 1914 and 1916 are both choice Mint State, very lustrous. Estimate: $40-$60. 1537. Lot of 6 Ecuador silver minors: 1 décimo, 1889DT (SANTIAGO CHILE), 1893TF (LIMA), 1916TF (PHILADELPHIA); 1/2 décimo, 1915H (BIRMM); 50 centavos 1928 and 1920 (PHILADELPHIA). 13.9 grams total. The 1889 and 1893 are XF or so with nice toning, and the 1900s coins are all lustrous Mint State, the 1928 with nice toning. Estimate: $40-$60. 1538. Ecuador, copper-nickel 10 centavos, 1919. KM-64. 5.1 grams. Lustrous Mint State with lots of hairline die breaks on both sides. Estimate: $40-$60.

312


1539. Large lot of 19 Ecuador copper-nickel minors, as follows: 1/2 décimo (BIRMINGHAM), 1884 and 1886; 10c, 1918, 1919 and 1928; 5c, 1917, 1918, 1919 [3], 1924, 1928 and 1970; 2-1/2c, 1928; 2c, 1909; 1c, 1884 and 1909; 1/2c, 1884 and 1909. 63.2 grams total. Grades from VF to Mint State, some darkly toned, no big problems, useful lot for the modern specialist or reseller. Estimate: $60-$90.

1540. Ecuador, copper-nickel 2-1/2 centavos, 1917, encapsulated NGC AU-50. KM-61. Lightly toned all over, slight wear on high points. Estimate: $100-$150. 1541. Ecuador, copper 2 centavos, 1872 (HEATON). KM-46. 11.6 grams. XF details (or better) but lightly corroded all over, with light green encrustation toward the rims. Estimate: $50-$75. 1542. Ecuador, copper 1 centavo, 1872 (HEATON). KM-45. 5.8 grams. Darkly toned XF, no problems. Estimate: $40-$60. 1543. Lot of 3 Ecuador copper/bronze coins: 1c, 1890-H and 1928; and 1/2c, 1890-H. 12.2 grams total. The two 1890s are darkly toned VF-XF (the 1/2c very lightly corroded), but the 1928 is UNC, with original (red) luster. Estimate: $25-$40. 1544. Lot of 4 Ecuador brass coins: 20c, 1942 and 1944; 10c, 1942; 5c, 1942. 12.8 grams total. From near UNC to choice Mint State (mostly the latter), a nice sampling of the different denominations in wartime brass. Estimate: $40-$60.

El Salvador Provisional

1545. El Salvador, 1 real, 1835-SS (San Salvador), rare. KM-18.8. 2.2 grams. Problem-free and well-struck VF with attractive toning all over, slight weak spot near part of rim but otherwise rather nice for the type. Estimate: $500-$750. 1546. El Salvador, 1/2 real, 1835-SS (San Salvador), denomination as 1/P to right, very rare. KM-unlisted (cf. 21.3).. 1.1 grams. Nicely toned VF with light old scratches, good rims but slightly crude edge (as made), still much better than usual for this type. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of November 12, 2009, and the Ponterio auction of October, 1993. Estimate: $750-$1,000.

Countermarks 1547. El Salvador, 1 real, (1869) Type V “arms” countermark on a Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre. KM-unl. 2.2 grams. Nearly full countermark (Fine) on a very worn host (Fair) with 2 small holes near edge, faint but certain P to right of shield and enough stylistic detail to confirm its attribution, the host coin unlisted in KM for this countermark. Estimate: $35-$50. 1548. El Salvador, 1 real, (1869) Type V “arms” countermark on a Lima, Peru, cob 1 real of 1734(N). KM-unl. 3.0 grams. Only about half the countermark (VG) but a decent amount of the host coin visible (G), including the date and a full cross, with toning in crevices, no hole, the host coin unlisted in KM for this countermark. Estimate: $60-$90.

313


France

1549. Besançon, Franche-Comte (Hapsburg rule), France, teston or 8 gros, Charles V memorial, 1624. KM-25 (under German States). 7.6 grams. Nicely toned AXF with old scratches and 2 edge-cracks, attractive design with high catalog value. Estimate: $125-$200.

1550. France (Nantes mint), ecu, Louis XVI, 1790-T. KMWell-detailed Fine with toned fields, slightly bent. Estimate: $50-$75.

564.15. 28.8 grams.

French colonies

1551. French colonies (Cayenne/Guiana), billon silver 2 sous, Louis XVI, 1782-A (Paris), with “S.K.” countermark for St. Kitts (1809-12, “black dogg,” 1-1/2d) on obverse, rare. Pridmore-5; KM-2. 1.8 grams. AVF host with slightly uneven strike and somewhat concave from the bold, incuse countermark, much nicer than the Ray Byrne specimens and the Ed Roehrs specimen. Estimate: $125-$200. 1552. Lot of 4 French colonial (Windward Islands), silver 6 sols, Louis XV, 1731-H (La Rochelle). KM-1. 9.5 grams total. One decent AVF (nicely toned) with old scratches but all details visible, all the rest low grade and/or holed, but scarce as a type and popular among West Indies collectors. Estimate: $125-$200. 1553. French colonies (Cayenne/Guiana), 2 sous, Louis XVI, 1789-A (Paris), encapsulated NGC VF details / surface hairlines. KM-1a. Lustrous XF, slightly uneven strike but nicely toned, no evidence of hairlines at all (despite the notation by the slabbers, who would have done a better service by noting that this coin is silver and not billon). Estimate: $100-$150.

Great Britain

1554. England, “long cross” penny, Henry III (1216-1272), 1556. England (London mint), groat, Edward III (1327class IIIc (without scepter), moneyer Nicole on Lund. Sp-1364. 1.5 grams. Nicely struck XF with full details, contrasting toning on fields, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150. 1555. England, “long cross” penny, Henry III (1216-1272), class Vd (with scepter), moneyer Ion (Canterbury). Sp1370. 1.3 grams. Lightly toned XF, the outer parts of the legends a little weak but the face quite well detailed. Estimate: $80$120.

77), series G (1356-61). Sp-1570. 4.3 grams. Deeply toned AVF with nearly full details, small chips and split and rim. Estimate: $100-$150. 1557. England (York mint), penny, Richard II (1377-99), early style. Sp-1690. 1.0 gram. Crudely struck (off-center and uneven) Fine yet with full portrait and much legend, also deeply toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

314


1558. England (Calais mint), half groat, Henry VI (142261), rosette-mascle issue (1427-30). Sp-1862. 1.5 grams. Richly toned VF/AXF, the reverse especially nice. Estimate: $70$100. 1559. England (London mint), groat, Edward IV (146170), mintmark rose (1464-5), quatrefoils at neck. Sp-2000. 2.9 grams. Blue-toned AXF with full portrait and nearly full legends (just one weak area on both sides). Estimate: $150$225. 1560. England (York mint), penny, Henry VII (1485-1509), Archbishop Rotherham. Sp-2237. 0.8 gram. Nicely toned VF with hairline edge-split. Estimate: $70-$100. 1561. England (Canterbury mint), half groat, Henry VIII (1509-47), W-A flanking shield (Archbishop Warham), mintmark cross patonce (152632), encapsulated PCGS AU53. Sp-2343. Choice full strike on both sides, very light wear on high points, beautifully rainbow-toned. Estimate: $600-$900.

1562. England (London mint), shilling, Edward VI (154753), mintmark tun (1551-3). Sp-2482. 6.1 grams. Nicely toned AVF with bold legends but weak bust, die-crack above crown, small pit above shield. Estimate: $150-$225.

1564. London, England, shilling, Elizabeth I (1558-1603), second issue, mintmark martlet (1560-1). Sp-2555. 5.9 grams. Nice Fine with weak bust but very bold legends enhanced by contrasting toning on fields. Estimate: $80-$120. 1565. London, England, sixpence, Elizabeth I, 1602. Sp2585; KM-4. 2.9 grams. Broad flan with full legends, full inner details (bold date) but bust somewhat faint and lightly corroded, with edge-split, richly toned all over. Estimate: $75-$110. 1566. London, England, threepence, Elizabeth I, 1577/6. Sp-2566. 1.5 grams. Well-detailed AVF with nice portrait, bold overdate, toned fields. Estimate: $110-$185. 1567. London, England, penny, Elizabeth I (1558-1603), 4th issue, mintmark Greek cross (1578-82). Sp-2575. 0.5 gram. VF with nice portrait, attractively toned all over. Estimate: $100-$150.

1568. London, England (Tower mint under king), shilling, Charles I (1625-49), “Aberystwyth� bust, mintmark tun (1636-8), rare. Sp-2792; KM-109. 6.1 grams. AXF with luster, finely detailed, part of edge crude (as made), with spots of encrustation, much bold legend, distinctive bust that is considered rare for this type. Estimate: $200-$300.

1563. London, England, groat, Philip and Mary (15548). Sp-2508. 1.8 grams. Fine with bold legends, attractively toned, slightly wrinkled. Estimate: $70-$100.

315

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1574. England, silver jeton, Anne, 1707, Union of England 1569. London, England (Tower mint under Parliament), and Scotland, coin alignment. MI II:295. 3.2 grams. Choice

shilling, Charles I (1625-49), mintmark ( R ) (1644-5). Sp2800. 5.7 grams. Fine with weak bust, old scratch on shield, some

bold legend (especially the mintmark) but truncated from light clipping. Estimate: $60-$90.

XF+ with faint toning, light hairlines in fields but with original luster, made to commemorate the annexation of Scotland into Great Britain in 1707 (the year rendered in Roman numerals on this piece). Estimate: $100-$150.

1575. England, silver jeton, Anne (1702-14). 3.6 grams. Nice 1570. London, England (Tower mint under Parliament), VF, lightly rainbow-toned, slightly crude rims (as made),

shilling, Charles I (1625-49), mintmark eye (1645). Sp-2800. 6.1 grams. Richly toned AVF with some bold legend (especially the mintmark and king’s name), centers slightly weak. Estimate: $110-$185. 1571. England, threepence, Charles I, Aberystwyth mint (1638-42). Sp-2894; KM-87. 1.3 grams. Nice AVF, fully detailed and attractively toned, small part of rim crude. Estimate: $70-$100.

attractive design. Estimate: $60-$90.

1576. England, bronze jeton, Anne, 1702, Vigo Bay, coin alignment. Betts-95, MI III:23. 4.9 grams. Brown AXF with toning around details, many small nicks here and there (on the rims too), with initials LGL for German engraver Lazarus Gottlieb Lauffer under bust. Estimate: $60-$90.

1572. London, England, crown, William III, 1696. Sp-3470. 29.5 grams. Fine+, richly toned on obverse, the reverse with weak center, lustrous and lightly rainbow-toned legend, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100. 1573. London, England, sixpence, William III, 1697. Sp3538. 3.0 grams. Richly rainbowtoned VF, very pretty, no problems. Estimate: $80-$120.

316

1577. London, England, crown, George II, 1739.

Sp-

Choice, lustrous AU with light toning all over, a few tiny marks on obverse but still super quality for the type. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

3687; KM-575.2. 30.1 grams.


1578. London, England, half crown, George II, 1745, with LIMA below bust. Sp-3695; KM-584.3. 15.0 grams. Richly toned AXF, no problems, popular type made from silver captured from the Spanish off the Pacific coast of South America. Estimate: $100-$150. 1579. London, England, half crown, George II, 1745, with LIMA below bust. Sp-3695; KM-584.3. 14.7 grams. Problem-free VF with hint of toning around details, popular type made from silver captured from the Spanish off the Pacific coast of South America. Estimate: $90-$135. 1580. London, England, shilling, George II, 1745, with LIMA below bust. Sp-3703; KM-583.2. 6.0 grams. AXF with spotty rainbow toning, muted luster, tiny pockmark in field on reverse, popular type made from silver captured from the Spanish off the Pacific coast of South America. Estimate: $90-$135. 1581. London, England, shilling, George II, 1758. Sp-3704; KM-583.3. 6.0 grams. AU with light toning and luster, very nice, final date of type. Estimate: $150-$225.

1582. London, England, sixpence, George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust.

Sp-3710A;

Lustrous XF with reddish-gold toning around details, no problems, popular type made from silver captured from the Spanish off the Pacific coast of South America. Estimate: $70-$100. KM-582.3. 3.0 grams.

1583. London, England, copper half penny, George II, 1733.

Sp-3717; KM-566. 9.7 grams.

Dark brown AVF, no problems.

Estimate: $35-$50. 1584. London, England, copper farthing, George II, 1735, encapsulated ANACS VF-35. Sp-3720; KM-572. Nice bold strike (problem-free), very dark brown color all over. Estimate: $60-$90. 1585. London, England, copper farthing, George II, 1736, encapsulated ANACS VF20. Sp-3720; KM-572. Bold details, off-center strike, very dark brown color with hint of red peeking through. Estimate: $60-$90. 1586. London, England, copper farthing, George II, 1749, encapsulated ANACS VF30. Sp-3722; KM-581.2. Nice strike, no problems, dark brown with hint of red peeking through. Estimate: $60-$90.

1587. England (Bank of England), half dollar, countermark (bust of George III) on a Spanish 4 reales (Madrid, 1797[?]MF), rare. Sp-3767; KM622.1. 12.0 grams. Bold VF countermark on Good host, richly toned, holed at edge below bust, quite worn but interesting as an emergency issue that was popularly dubbed “the head of a fool on the neck of an ass.� Estimate: $50-$75. 317


1588. London, England, shilling, George III, 1787.

Sp-

Attractive AU with old scratch on face, lightly toned, lustrous. Estimate: $60-$90. 3743. 6.0 grams.

1591. England, copper “cartwheel” penny, George III, 1797, engraved with execution scene on obverse. Sp-3777; KM-618. 28.1 grams. The ultimate in revolutionary propaganda, as the obverse of this coin (choice, lustrous XF, even brown in color), portrays the king in an execution scene, with the blade of the guillotine hanging over his neck and with his head from the mouth up completely covered in a mask. An important token from the Revolutionary period, probably quite valuable if it could ever be proved that this was engraved in the United States. Estimate: $100-up.

1589. London, England, copper “cartwheel” twopence, George III, 1797. Sp-3776; KM-619. 55.7 grams. Nice XF with minor rim-dings and old nicks in face, chocolate brown with hint of original red peeking through. Estimate: $70-$100.

1592. London, England, copper half penny, George III, 1771, encapsulated ANACS EF-40. Sp-3774; KM-601. Problem-free, rich chocolate-brown color all over. Estimate: $150-$275.

1590. England, copper “cartwheel” penny, George IIII, 1797, engraved on reverse with “JOSEPH WILLOUGHBY CHImney SWEEPE Reigate.” Sp-3777; KM-618. 26.3 grams. Obverse Fine but reverse planed and engraved with advertising, very interesting, dark brown all over. Estimate: $70-$100.

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1593. London, England, copper half penny, George III, 1773, encapsulated ANACS VF-30. Sp-3774; KM-601. Brown with hint of red all over, spot of shiny black on first letter of king’s name. Estimate: $60-$90.

1594. London, England, copper half penny, George III, 1775, encapsulated ANACS EF-40. Sp-3774; KM-601. Reddish brown all over, a few old marks, lamination at knee. Estimate: $150-$275.

318


1595. London, England, bronze penny, Victoria, 1862, no signature, encapsulated ANACS MS-64 RB.

Sp-3954; KM-

Choice, radiant, and with much original golden luster. Estimate: $150-$275. 1596. London, England, bronze penny, Victoria, 1889, encapsulated ANACS cleaned / UNC details net MS-60. Sp3954; KM-755. Lustrous and golden but with glint of light polish. Estimate: $100-$150. 749.2.

Guatemala (colonial) 1597. Guatemala, 2 reales “moclón,” crown countermark (1662) on a Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales of Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left and P-oD to right. KM-B1.1; CT-Type 175. 6.3 grams. Full countermark (VF) on a broad-flan AVF host with contrastingly toned fields, all details clear, with otherwise typical hole near edge oriented in such a way that the coin hangs not cross-up, not shield-up, but countermark-up! Note that this countermark is listed in KM with an issue date of 1663, but recent research by Alfonso Pérez Longo has pinpointed the date to 1662. Estimate: $125-$200.

Pillars

1598. Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1755J, ball-

1600. Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1768P.

KM-

tip J, rare. KM-17.1; CT-399. 13.1 grams. Lightly toned AU, no problems, choice strike. Estimate: $1,800-$2,500.

Off-center VF+ with planchet flaw in upper-right of pillars side, lightly rainbow-toned on fields. Estimate: $350-$500.

1599. Guatemala, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1761P.

20; CT-465. 6.5 grams.

26; CT-1051. 13.2 grams.

1601. Guatemala, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1759P. KMKM-

26; CT-1044. 13.1 grams. Slightly crude (unevenly struck) Fine with repaired hole at bottom, deeply toned fields. Estimate: $300$450.

Deeply toned VF for type, slightly crude strike as usual. Estimate: $70-$100.

319


Busts 1602. Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1772P.

KM-34.1; CT-1243. 6.8 grams.

Broad-flan Fine with some toning around details. Estimate: $100-$150. 1603. Lot of 5 Guatemala bust 2R, Charles III and Charles IV transitional, various dates (1772P, 1773P [2], 1787M and 1789M). 32.6 grams total. Fine on average but one XF with scratches, generally nicely toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

1604. Guatemala, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1794M. KM-51; CT-917. 6.7 grams. Blazingly lustrous, prooflike Mint State, one of the flashiest Spanish colonial coins you will ever see. Estimate: $600-$900. 1605. Lot of 5 Guatemala bust 2R, Charles IV, various dates (1790M, 1791M, 1793M, 1795M and 1797M). 32.5 grams total. Average Fine but all decent (no big problems), generally nicely toned. Estimate: $70-$100. 1606. Lot of 3 Guatemala bust minors of Charles IV: 2R 1793M, 2R 1809M and 1R 1800M. 16.1 grams total. Decent VF or better, the 1R richly toned, no big problems. Estimate: $60-$90. 1607. Lot of 4 Guatemala bust minors of Charles IV (2R, 1801M) and Ferdinand VII (2R, 1817M; 2R, 1821M; 1R, 1817M). 22.6 grams. Grades from AF (2R 1817) to AU (1R 1817), but three with holes and one polished. Estimate: $35-$50. 1608. Lot of 5 Guatemala bust 1R, Charles III and IV, various dates (1773P, 1787M, 1791M, 1799M and 1803M). 16.1 grams. Average Fine but all decent (no big problems), generally nicely toned. Estimate: $50-$75.

Guatemala (Central American Republic)

1609. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 8 reales, 1825M. KM-4. 27.0 grams. Lustrous AU, no toning, natural bulge in metal. Estimate: $400-$600. 1610. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 8 reales, 1826/5M, encapsulated ICG EF-45. KM-4. Lustrous and problem-free, with incipient toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

320


1615. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 1 real, 18241611. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 8 reales, 1827M. KM-4. 26.9 grams. Frosty XF with lightly buffed fields on tree side. Estimate: $60-$90.

M, encapsulated NGC MS-62. KM-3. Lustrous, fully detailed and very lightly toned, rare grade for this denomination. Estimate: $600-$900. 1616. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 1/2 real, 1824-M, encapsulated NGC MS-66. KM-2. Choice, highly lustrous and beginning to tone nicely, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $500-$750.

1612. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 8 reales, 1617. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 1/4 real, 1831M. KM-4. 26.9 grams. Bold, lustrous AU- with toning around details, lightly cleaned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

1826-G, encapsulated NGC MS-64. KM-1. Perfect strike, with muted luster underneath rich toning, somewhat prooflike but not designated as such by NGC. Estimate: $125-$200.

1618. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 1/4 real, 1613. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 8 reales, 1835M, medal alignment. KM-4. 26.8 grams. Highly lustrous AU with weak leaves, no toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

1837-G, encapsulated NGC MS-66. KM-1. Choice and highly lustrous hoard find, the fields very slightly grainy, still very flashy. Estimate: $125-$200.

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1614. Guatemala, Central American Republic, 8 reales, 1847A. KM-4. 26.9 grams. Lightly cleaned XF+, lustrous, no toning. Estimate: $80-$120.

321

Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).


Guatemala (Republic)

1619. Guatemala, 1 peso, 1894, encapsulated NGC MS-62. KM-210. Highly lustrous, no toning, a few bagmarks. Estimate: $150-$225. 1620. Guatemala, 1 peso, 1894 “1/2 real” counterstamp on a Santiago, Chile, 8 reales, 1883. KM-216. 24.8 grams. Host coin AU with muted luster and hint of toning around details, counterstamp lustrous Mint State. Estimate: $125-$200.

Honduras

1621. Honduras (Tegucigalpa), 4 reales, 1849-TG.

Lustrous VF, with wash of bright silver over darkly toned low-grade surfaces (fineness is only 17.2%), no problems. Estimate: $50-$75. 1622. Honduras (Tegucigalpa), 2 reales, 1832-TF. KM-19. 4.4 grams. Crude, uneven strike (F-VF), important details clear, light silver wash over low-grade surface (fineness of 33.3%), slight bend in part of edge. Estimate: $50-$75. KM-20. 8.5 grams.

India (Portuguese) 1623. Portuguese India, 4 tangas, Philip III, (1)63(x), rare. Gomes-unl. A nice VF with bold centers and rich old toning on a round and thick flan, struck during the period when Portugal and Spain were united under one monarch. This is apparently an unlisted variety, as the date appears at the bottom of the reverse as “x63x,” otherwise with all the same details as Gomes #25 (1634-6), valued at 250,000 Portuguese escudos in 1996 (about $1000). We will let the experts decide what this new variety is worth! Estimate: $800-$1,200. (cf. 25). 12.7 grams.

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Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325 322


Ireland

1624. Ireland, copper “gunmoney” half crown, James II, 1689 (August).

Dark brown VF+, some minor surface corrosion on reverse but otherwise problem-free, month as “Aug.” Estimate: $70-$100. 1625. Ireland, copper “gunmoney” shilling, James II, 1689 (January). KM-94. 7.3 grams. AXF with nice, natural surfaces, dark brown fields but lighter details, no problems. Estimate: $50-$75. 1626. Ireland, brass “gunmoney” sixpence, James II, 1689 (July). KM-93. 2.9 grams. F/VF with bold details enhanced by toning, no big problems. Estimate: $45-$70. KM-95. 17.5 grams.

1627. Ireland, brass farthing, James II, 1691, siege of Limerick, retrograde N in HIBERNIA.

KM-107.1. 6.7 grams.

Typically crude but with some parts nice (VG-VF, average F overall), toned around details. Estimate: $45-$70. 1628. Ireland, copper half penny, William and Mary, 1693. KM-109. 7.7 grams. Decent Fine with honest wear, pleasing brown color all over, no problems. Estimate: $45-$70. 1629. Ireland, copper half penny, George II, 1737, encapsulated ANACS corroded / EF details net VF-20. KM-125. Boldly struck and darkly toned, with very minor surface corrosion and marks (really no more than usual for the grade). Estimate: $60-$90.

1630. Ireland, copper half penny, George III, 1775. KM-140. 8.8 grams. Orange-brown Fine with honest wear, no problems toned around details. Estimate: $35-$50. 1631. Ireland, copper “Waterloo” half penny token, 1816, Wellington. 4.4 grams. Decent VF, no problems, dark brown with hint of red around lettering. Estimate: $35-$50.

Italian States 1632. Naples (under Spain), 4 tari, Philip II of Spain. Typically crude flan (very cob-like), with full portrait of king on obverse and fleur-tipped cross on reverse, toned VF with encrustation, edge-split. Estimate: $50-$75. 1633. Naples and Sicily (under Spain), 10 grana (carlino), Charles II, 1690M-AG-A. CNI-XX, 513.308. 2.5 grams. Nicely toned AXF with adjustment marks on hair. Estimate: $50-$75. 11.1 grams.

323


Mexico (colonial) 1634. Mexico City, Mexico, uniface cast “10 reales,” dated 1611, rare. CT-50; Cayón-4884. 34.5 grams. This odd issue has been pictured in classic Spanish numismatic references as far back as 142 years ago, appearing in Heiss (1869), Vidal Quadras (1892), Ulex (1908) and Dasí (1950), as well as all the most recent ones (Calicó, Cayón), so it is accepted as a contemporary issue, especially as all examples are of the same weight and details but with slight differences; but without any official documentation or records, it must have been a provincial or private issue and is usually referred to as “mining currency” or “peso de minas.” Like the others, this specimen shows a bold 1611 date, oM mintmark and “REI” (for king?) around a Jerusalem cross, the other side blank, on a thick, octagonal flan with sides hammered in, nicely toned and lightly patinated. Estimate: $350-$500.

Pillars

1635. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V,

1637. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1734MF. KM-103; CT-778. 26.2 grams. Slightly oblong Fine with dark toning all over, plugged and repaired hole at top. Estimate: $75-$110.

1754MM, dissimilar crowns. KM-104.2; CT-337. 27.0 grams. Bold AXF, once lightly cleaned but now with light toning around details, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $175-$250.

1636. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1745/ 5MF. KM-103; CT-798. 27.0 grams. Bold AXF with attractive light toning, small old X scratch to left of crown above shield, repunched 5 in date (unlisted). Estimate: $250-$375.

1638. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1760MM. KM-104.2; CT-346. 27.1 grams. Lightly cleaned AU with toning around rims, 2 tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient, very flashy with luster. Estimate: $200-$300.

324


1643. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Philip V, 1736MF. KM84; CT-1283. 6.7 grams.

1639. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1760MM. KM-105; CT-884. 27.1 grams. Nicely toned XF with slightly weak rims (as made), no problems. Estimate: $200$300.

Richly rainbow-toned AVF with tiny hole at top, slightly crude rims with ding. Estimate: $35$50. 1644. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1756M. KM-86.1; CT-496. 6.2 grams. Darkly toned XF with light corrosion (some pits), one chopmark in field above crown as from circulation in the Orient (scarce on small denominations). Estimate: $60-$90.

1645. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 2 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1640. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1759M. KM-86.2; CT-500. 1761MM. KM-105; CT-888. 27.1 grams. Lustrous XF+ with light 6.7 grams. Nice AXF with rainbow toning around details, faint hairline X scratch in field nicely toned fields, good strike. Estimate: $125above pillars, very attractive. Estimate: $250-$375. $200.

1646. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, Philip V, 1738MF. KM-75.1; CT-1600. 3.2 grams.

1641. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1771FM. KM-105; CT-914. 26.9 grams. Non-toned VF+ with minor marks and dents, also very slightly bent, a little lustrous. Estimate: $150-$225.

Lightly rainbow-toned VF+, a few surface hairlines in field but otherwise nice. Estimate: $50$75. 1647. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, Philip V, 1739MF. KM-75.1; CT-1601. 3.3 grams. Frosty white VF+ with lustrous fields, no toning. Estimate: $50-$75.

1648. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1R, Philip V and Ferdinand VI, various dates (1735MF, 1736MF [2], 1739MF, 1743M, 1747M, 1749M and 1753M). 24.8 grams total. Decent F-VF with generally good toning, no big problems. Estimate: $125-$200. 1649. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1763/ 2M, plain-cross ornaments. KM-77; CT-unl. (Type 157). 3.2 grams.

1642. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Philip V, 1740/ 30MF. KM-94; CT-1056. 13.2 grams. Struck slightly out-of-round, lustrous and deeply rainbow-toned AXF with trace of surface corrosion, a few chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. Estimate: $150-$225.

Richly rainbow-toned and problem-free VF with clear overdate, + ornaments instead of cinquefoils above and below the denomination flanking the shield (Gilboy M-1-39b, rated at R3). Estimate: $70-$100.

325


Busts

1650. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2 real, Philip V, 1736MF. KM-65; CT-1859. 1.7 grams. Lightly toned VF+ with subtle luster, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100. 1651. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2 real, Ferdinand VI, 1749M, with NGC tag MS-62 (only). KM67.1; CT-662. 1.7 grams. Choice, lustrous Mint State, 100% problem-free and lovely, could get a higher grade if resubmitted. Estimate: $250-$375. 1652. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2 real, Ferdinand VI, 1754M. KM67.1; CT-667. 1.6 grams. Bold AXF, nice rims, very slightly porous surfaces (as made). Estimate: $80-$120.

1657. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1777FF, scarce. KM-106.2; CT-924. 26.9 grams. Lustrous, nontoned XF, off-center strike, better assayer for the date. Estimate: $175-$250.

1653. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2 real, Ferdinand VI, 1754M. KM67.1; CT-667. 1.7 grams. Deeply toned VF+, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $70-$100.

1654. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2 real, Ferdinand VI, 1757/6M, both crowns royal. KM-67.1; CT-unl. (Type 128). 1.7 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned VF, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100. 1655. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2 real, Ferdinand VI, 1757M. KM67.1; CT-670. 1.7 grams. Essentially Mint State but with microscopic surface pitting that might exclude it from slabbing, still lustrous and choice, very lightly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

1658. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1779FF. KM-106.2; CT-929. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU with light toning, faint hairlines in fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

1659. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1656. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 1/2R, various

1779FF. KM-106.2; CT-929. 26.9 grams. Decent VF, toned, no problems. Estimate: $60-$90.

dates (1734/3MF, 1734MF, 1735MF, 1740MF, 1742M, 1753M, 1759M and 1763M). 12.6 grams total. Decent F-VF with generally good toning, no big problems. Estimate: $125$200.

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1660. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1780FF. KM-106.2; CT-930. 26.7 grams. AVF with nice toning, slightly weak crown, spots of black lacquer on reverse. Estimate: $60-$90.

326


1661. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-106.2; CT-933. 27.1 grams. VF with subtle rainbow toning, muted luster, weak spots in shield, glossy rust stains on reverse. Estimate: $60-$90. 1662. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1784FM, with bust on obverse engraved into a portrait of Ferdinand VII. KM-106.2; CT-936. 26.2 grams. Talk about an odd transitional type! This coin is by all counts a typical F-VF with light toning and slightly crude rims (as made), but long ago someone shaved the portrait down and engraved it to look very nearly like the portrait for Ferdinand VII used on the coins from 1810 forward. Estimate: $80-$120.

1663. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1784FM. KM-106.2; CT-936. 26.7 grams. Vividly rainbow-toned Fine+, no problems. Estimate: $60-$90. 1664. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1785FM. KM-106.2; CT-937. 26.7 grams. Darkly old-toned AVF, slightly off-center reverse, curious die break on nose. Estimate: $60-$90.

1665. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1786FM.

KM-106.2; CT-939. 26.8 grams.

Choice, lustrous AU, very

flashy. Estimate: $175-$250.

1666. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1786FM. KM-106.2; CT-939. 26.8 grams. Richly toned VF, slightly grainy (as made) in legends, attractive for the grade. Estimate: $60-$90.

327


1667. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1789FM, pre-transitional.

KM-106.2; CT-944. 26.5 grams.

Fine with

spots of toning, minor rim-bruises, scarce type (valued in CT at 300 euros). Estimate: $70-$100. 1668. Mexico City, Mexico, silver 8R proclamation medal, Charles IV, 1789. CT-679. 26.9 grams. Matte AU (lightly cleaned), a few minor marks. Estimate: $250-$375.

1669. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1790FM, non-transitional, unique.

KM-unl. (cf. 109); CT-unl. (Type

82). 25.8 grams. Charles III died in December of

1788, leaving the throne to his second son, Charles IV. The new Charles’ portrait, however, was not immediately available to the New World mints, which were allowed to continue using Charles III’s portrait with the ordinal as IIII until the new punches arrived, giving rise to the “transitional” issues of 1789-91 from the various mints in the Americas. According to all recent references, the proper-bust Charles IV type at Mexico began in 1791; but Guatemalamint 8 reales specimens of 1790 with the proper bust of Charles IV are well known (albeit rare), so it is quite conceivable that Mexican-mint specimens were made as well. In fact, the Mexican proper-bust 1790 8 reales was believed to exist until recent decades (see Elizondo #106, listed as “Extremely Rare”), and it is notable that no Mexican transitionals are known for 1791. What seems to have happened, then, is that modern experts simply eliminated the listing for having never seen one in their lifetimes. Our specimen, with F-VF details enhanced by light toning, yet slightly underweight due to fine pitting on its surfaces, will no doubt have its authenticity called into question, but to our eyes it appears completely genuine. Estimate: $500-up.

1670. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1799FM. KM-109; CT-694. 26.9 grams. Lustrous, lightly cleaned XF with light, long scratch on bust and deep, short one on crown, reverse struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $70-$100. 1671. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800TH, unlisted assayer for date (unique mule). KM-unl. (cf. 109); CT-unl. (Type 82). 26.1 grams. About Fine with lots of tiny chopmarks and test-punches and cuts as from circulation in the Orient, also with tiny bits of green but no toning, unique muling of obverse die from 1800 with post-1802 reverse die, first we have ever heard of. Estimate: $100-up. 328


1672. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1801FT. KM-109; CT-unl. (Type 82). 26.0 grams. Nicely toned Fine+, struck slightly off-center, with various-sized chopmarks on both sides as circulated in the Orient. Estimate: $50-$75. 1673. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804TH. KM-109; CT-701. 27.2 grams. Lightly toned VF with crude rims (both as made and due to old damage), hint of luster. Estimate: $50-$75.

1674. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805TH. KM-109; CT-703. 26.8 grams. Highly lustrous AU- with crude rims (as made), die-crack on left pillar, and light die-clashing, no toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

1675. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806TH, encapsulated NGC AU-55.

KM-109; CT-705.

Lustrous,

non-toned, with minor rim flaws. Estimate: $200-$300.

1676. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806TH. KM-109; CT-705. 26.9 grams. AU-, lustrous and non-toned, with crude rims as made. Estimate: $70-$100. 1677. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8R of Charles III and IV, various dates (1774FM, 1777FM, 1784FM, 1790FM and 1806TH). 132.9 grams total. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems. Estimate: $100-$150. 1678. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8R of Ferdinand VII transitional (“armored bust”), 1809TH [2] and 1810HJ [2]. KM-110; CT-Type 143. 106.5 grams total. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems, one with tiny chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. Estimate: $100-$150. 1679. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1816JJ, countermarked “SGL” and sideways “I” on bust, made into a necklace pendant (with chain). KM-111; CT-559. 40.7 grams total. Rainbow-toned VG with many tiny nicks all over, bold but unattributed countermarks on bust, ornate silver hanger soldered to top, complete with 15" chain (simple links), ready to wear. Estimate: $60-$90.

329


1680. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8R of Ferdinand VII, various dates (1813IJ, 1816JJ, 1817JJ, 1819JJ [3], 1820JJ and 1821JJ). 213.2 grams total. Decent AVF on average, no big problems, some toned, good for resale. Estimate: $150-$225.

1687. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2R, Charles III and IV, various dates (1774FM [2], 1775FM, 1784FM, 1788/78FM, 1789FM, 1797/6FM and 1798FM). 51.1 grams total. VG-F or better, most with toning, no big problems, good for jewelry but also note the 1784FM is rare. Estimate: $80$120.

1688. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1681. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1798FM, encapsulated PCGS XF-45. 1772FM, assayers facing rim, scarce. KM-97.1; CT-1133. 13.0 grams. Toned VG+ with minor rim-flaws, worn but still-clear details, listed in CT with a value of 500 euros. Estimate: $70$100.

1682. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1773FM, assayers facing rim, scarce. KM-97.1; CT-1134. 12.4 grams. Toned VG+ with worn but still-clear details, listed in CT with a value of 500 euros. Estimate: $70-$100. 1683. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4R, Charles III (1775FM, 1777FM and 1780FF). 38.7 grams total. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems. Estimate: $150-$225. 1684. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4R, Charles III (1787FM, 1788FM and 1789FM). 39.0 grams total. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems. Estimate: $150-$225. 1685. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4R, Charles IV, both transitional (bust of Charles III: 1789FM, ord. IV, and 1790, ord. IIII) and post-transitional (1794FM). 38.5 grams total. F-VF on average, no big problems. The 1790 pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of September 25, 1999, with original lot-tag #576. Estimate: $150-$225. 1686. Lot of 8 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2R, Charles III, various dates (1773FM [2], 1774FM, 1775FM, 1781FF [2], 1786FM and 1789FF). 53.3 grams total. All decent VF or thereabouts, most nicely toned, no problems, attractive group, great for jewelry. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-81; CT-1144.

Attractively toned and problem-free, just a little lightly struck in center of reverse. Estimate: $60-$90. 1689. Large lot of 12 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1R, Charles III, various dates and assayers, some scarce and/ or popular (1775FM, 1776FM, 1777FM, 1780FF [2], 1782FF [2], 1784FF, 1785FM, 1786FM, 1787FM and 1787FF). 39.2 grams. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems, good for jewelry. Estimate: $125-$200. 1690. Lot of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1R, Charles IV and Ferdinand VII, various dates (1799FM, 1801FM, 1807TH, 1808/7TH, 1809TH, 1815JJ and 1817JJ). 22.3 grams. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems, good for jewelry. Estimate: $50-$75. 1691. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1774FM. KM-69.2; CT-1766. 1.6 grams. Nice XF+ with original luster, colorful toning, minor rim damage. Estimate: $90-$135. 1692. Lot of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2R, Charles III, various dates, all in the 1770s. 11.6 grams total. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems, good for jewelry. Estimate: $50-$75.

1693. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1784FF. KMCT-1776. 1.6 g rams. The numismatic embodiment of a colossal shame, as this coin is choice, lustrous, even prooflike BU, but crudely holed at the top. Estimate: $50-$75. 69.2;

1694. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2R, Charles III and Charles IV transitionals, various dates (1780FF, 1781FF, 1782FF, 1784FM, 1785FM [2], 1788FM, 1789FM and 1790FM [2, one IIII and one IV]). 16.2 grams total. F-VF on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems, good for jewelry. Estimate: $70-$100.

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1702. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/4 real, 1803. KM-62; CT-1404. 1695. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles IV, mint sport struck with two obverses (1799 and 1801). 1.6 grams. Inexplicable oddity with two bust sides from two different dates, but obviously well circulated (About Fine with a few dings, lightly toned), with old groove in part of edge that may belie its official manufacture, but then again the weight is correct and the rest of the edge is intact. Estimate: $35-$50.

Nice UNC with light toning and subdued luster, no problems. Estimate: $150-$225. 0.9 gram.

1703. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/4 real, Ferdinand VII, 1813, 1696. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles IV, 1800/799FM. KM-72; CT-unl. (Type 154). 1.7 grams. Lightly toned VF, slightly off-center strike, no problems. Estimate: $35-$50. 1697. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles IV, 1806TH, possible 0/5 error (unlisted). KM-72; CT-1301. 1.6 grams. Interesting coin, only Fine (lightly toned and slightly offcenter) but with extra metal above the 0 of the date that looks like a misplaced 5. Estimate: $35-$50.

encapsulated NGC MS-64. KM-62; CT-1470. Choice and brightly lustrous, with a hint of toning, evidence of die-clashing on lion side, near top grade. Estimate: $450-$675.

1698. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2R, Charles IV, various dates (1794FM, 1795FM, 1801FT, 1802FT [2], 1803FT, 1805TH and 1807TH [3, one possibly 7/6]). 16.0 grams total. Fine on average, generally nicely toned, no big problems, good for jewelry. Estimate: $50-$75. 1699. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII, 1815JJ, encapsulated NGC MS-61. KM-74; CT-1347. Lustrous and choice, beautifully toned, with rim flaw at top of reverse. Estimate: $300-$450. 1700. Lot of 3 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2R, Ferdinand VII (“armored” bust), various dates (1808TH, 1810HJ and 1814JJ). 5.1 grams total. Better-quality specimens (VF or better) with some toning and luster, no problems. Estimate: $35$50. 1701. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2R, Ferdinand VII (“armored” bust and proper), various dates (1810HJ [2], 1811HJ, 1812HJ [2], 1814JJ [2], 1819JJ and 1820JJ [2]). 16.1 grams total. Range of grades from VG to VF+, mostly toned, no big problems, good for jewelry but also a couple of collector quality. Estimate: $40-$60.

(Photo reduced)

1704. Lot of 5 Mexican copper coins of Ferdinand VII: 2 cuartos (1/4 real), 1815, 1816 and 1821; 1 cuarto (1/8 real), 1814; and 1 octavo (1/16 real), 1814. 25.8 grams total. Problem-free AVF on average, one darkly toned but the others mostly light brown, with clear details, a good sampling of the different dates and denominations (which, curiously, are rendered on the coins as “2/4,” “1/4” and “1/8” respectively). Estimate: $200-$300.

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Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011).


Chilpanzingo

Mexico (War of Independence) Chihuahua

1708. Congress of Chilpanzingo (Veracruz), Mexico, 1705. Chihuahua, Mexico, cast silver 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1813RP, with T and pillars/pomegranate countermarks. KM-123; CT-391. 21.0 grams. Typically crude About Fine with all details clear, traces of rainbow toning on fields, curious old pedigree. With old E.H. Windau dealer tag (1950s?). Estimate: $100-$150.

1706. Chihuahua, Mexico, 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816RP, with T and pillars/pomegranate countermarks. KM-111.1; CT-394. 25.5 grams. Nice AVF for issue, lightly toned all over, with bold countermarks, clear details. Estimate: $150-$225.

countermark on a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4R, Charles IV, 1807TH, unlisted for this denomination. KM-unl. (Type A). 12.2 grams. Fine countermark on a crude VG host with light pitting and spotty toning, an unlisted denomination for this countermark and therefore probably very rare. Estimate: $100-up.

Guadalajara

1709. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1815MR, scarce. KM-102.2; CT-719. 12.9 grams. AVF for the type with plugged hole in head (the hair re-engraved), very deeply toned fields (excellent contrast), old gouge in front of face, very attractive. Estimate: $125-$200.

National Congress

1707. Chihuahua, Mexico, 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817RP,

1710. National Congress (Zacatecas), Mexico, copper 2

with T and pillars/pomegranate countermarks. KM-111.1; CT-395. 27.8 grams. Choice VF+, richly toned all over, the reverse slightly doubled, countermark in front of face very weak but the T bold. Estimate: $150-$225.

reales, (1812-14), rare. KM-212. 8.6 grams. Crude and lightly corroded AVF for the type, with most details clear (but date off the planchet), much original red color on high points. Estimate: $80-$120.

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Oaxaca/Morelos

1714. Oaxaca (SUD/

1711. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico, copper 8 reales,

Morelos), Mexico, copper 2 reales, 1812. KM-226.1; CT960. 3.2 grams. Bold, full central details enhanced by light tan sediment, VF+ overall. The smaller denominations are a bit scarcer than references seem to indicate. Estimate: $35$50. 1715. Oaxaca (SUD/ Morelos), Mexico, copper 2 reales, 1813, double-bow design, unlisted. KM-unl.; CT-unl. 11.9 grams. Apparently unique and still unlisted in references despite its appearance on the market in 1995, when the venerable Dick Long described it thus: “Very thick flan NICE FINE, double bow & arrow, must be VERY RARE, a style that I have never seen before.” To that we can only add that it is darkly toned, with spots of red, and probably it is more like AVF by today’s standards. Pedigreed to Richard Long sale #78 (July 1995), lot #787. Estimate: $100-up.

1812, dots under bow, unlisted. As KM-233.5a but in copper; As So-called “SUD” coins seem to come two ways: very common or very rare. The latter is generally reserved for the silver specimens, but here we have one with a silver design but struck in copper, as it very clearly shows dots below the bow, per KM-233.5a. But here’s a twist: Since this specimen is so well struck, it is clear now that the number of dots is 9, not 8 as listed in the KM reference, whose plate coin is too weak to show the 9th dot at the left end of the bow. In fact this coin is choice all over, with bold full inner details and clear borders of dots, attractive chocolate brown color, XF details but loaded with old scratches that may simply be adjustment marks due to the fact that the planchet was rather overweight compared to most SUDs. We will start it fairly low and see what happens! Estimate: $100-up. CT-569 but in copper. 28.2 grams.

1716. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico, copper 1 real,

1712. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico, copper 8 reales, 1813, floral ornamentation. KM-234; CT-579. 20.1 grams. Bold VF+ with light sediment around details, rather nice for this type. Estimate: $50-$75.

1713. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico, copper 8 reales, 1814, floral ornamentation. KM-234; CT-580. 22.4 grams. Welldetailed AVF, typically crude around the rims (as made), good contrast from darkly toned fields. Estimate: $40-$60.

1811, scarce. KM-222; CT-1185. 4.2 grams. Typically crude but bold VF for type, the monogram weak, a few old scratches and encrustation, darkly toned. Estimate: $50-$75. 1717. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico, copper 1 real, 1812. KM-222; CT-1186. 2.5 grams. Choice bold details enhanced by light green sediments on dark surfaces, nice VF. Estimate: $35-$50. 1718. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico, uniface copper 1/2 real (1811-14), unlisted variety without date, scarce denomination. KM-unl. (cf. 219); CT-unl. 1.6 grams. A reverse-only coin with bold Morelos monogram above oM for Mexico but clearly no date between that and the fully visible border, VF+ with light sediment in crevices, the obverse slightly uneven but clearly uniface. Pedigreed to the Richard Long sale of October, 1992, lot #142. Estimate: $100-up. 1719. Oaxaca (SUD/Morelos), Mexico, copper 1/2 real, 1812, scarce denomination. KM-219; CT1356. 2.0 grams. Lightly corroded and unevenly struck AVF with nice copper color all over (not too dark). Estimate: $50-$75.

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Zacatecas

1720. Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1816AG, scarce. CT-687; KM-111.5; CT-687. 25.7 grams. Nice AXF for the issue, with typically weak centers, nice crown and bold legends, lightly toned fields, some original luster. Estimate: $200$300. 1721. Zacatecas, Mexico, 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1811 L.V.O. KM-187; CT-1064. 6.6 grams. Unevenly struck Fine+ (with weak spots), long old scratch on mountain, light toning and hint of luster. Estimate: $60-$90. 1722. Lot of 3 Zacatecas, Mexico, bust 2R, Ferdinand VII, 1820AG. KM-93.4; CT-1077. 17.5 grams total. Crude Fine to lustrous VF, no big problems, an interesting lot for studying die details (as each one is different), some nice toning. Estimate: $50-$75. 1723. Zacatecas, Mexico, 1 real, Ferdinand VII, 1811 L.V.O., flowers & castles in shield. KM-183; CT-1239. 3.4 grams. Fine with weak centers, bold and nicely toned legends, off-center strike with partially crude rims. Estimate: $50-$75. 1724. Lot of 3 Zacatecas, Mexico, bust minors, Ferdinand VII: 1R, 1820AG and 1822RG; 1/2R, 1815AG. 7.6 grams total. Both 1R are decent Fine+ with toning around details but the 1/2R is crude and cleaned. Estimate: $50-$75.

Mexico (Republic) Spanish denominations

1725. Mexico City, Mexico, 8 reales “hookneck,� 1824JM. KM-A376.2. 27.0 grams. Near AU with typically weak centers but fully readable Libertad and distinguishable feathers, lustrous and lightly rainbow-toned in legends, slightly off-center strike, overall a very nice specimen of a very popular 2-year issue. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000. 1726. Guadalajara, Mexico, 8 reales, 1847JG. KM-377.6. 26.8 grams. Lustrous, lightly cleaned VF+ with crude rims (as made), key date. Estimate: $100-$150. 1727. Lot of 5 Republic of Mexico cap-and-rays 8 reales: 1834ZsOM, 1840ZsOM, 1868HoPR, 1876DoCM, 1882AsML. 133.4 grams total. Grades from F to AU, all cleaned or scratched (or both), one nicely toned, one with tiny chopmark in center of cap as circulated in the Orient. At the time of writing, the melt value of this lot is about $140! Estimate: $120-$200. 1728. Lot of 4 Republic of Mexico cap-and-rays 8 reales: 1883GoSB, 1892MoAM, 1895GoRS, 1897ZsFZ. 107.8 grams total. All XF-AU but all at least lightly cleaned or polished. At the time of writing, the melt value of this lot is about $110! Estimate: $100-$150. 1729. Lot of 2 Republic of Mexico cap-and-rays coins: 8R 1882ZsJS (straight J); and 2R 1863ZsMO (rare assayer). 27.0 and 6.4 grams. The 8R is XF with spotty toning; the 2R is nice AVF, no problems. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1730. Alamos, Mexico, 2 reales, 1872AM, rare 1-year type. KM-374. 6.5 grams. If you want a Mexican 2R from the date 1872, you have only one choice, as it was not made at any other mint, this specimen a problem-free richly rainbow-toned AVF, rather attractive for the grade. Estimate: $100-$150. 1731. Lot of 3 Republic of Mexico cap-and-rays minors of various mints: 2R 1837GoPJ, 2R 1868PiPS and 1R 1826MoJM. 16.5 grams total. F-VF on average, decent toning, no big problems. Estimate: $40-$60. 1732. Lot of 3 Republic of Mexico 1/4R (1843/2GoLR, 1862MoLR and 1863/53MoLR). 0.8 to 0.9 gram each. All richly toned AU or better (the 1863/53 slightly crude), no problems, nothing rare but all nice specimens. Estimate: $70-$100. 1733. Municipal Cotija, brass 1/8 real hacienda token, 1861. 3.0 grams. Curious issue with bust and arms of Charles IV, bold VF with toned fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

Decimal coinage

1734. San Luis Potosí, Mexico, 1 peso, 1870O. KM-408.7. 27.0 grams. Decent VF with minor rim-nicks, lightly toned. Estimate: $25-$40. 1735. Hermosillo, Mexico, 25 centavos, 1882A, scarce. KM-406.6. 6.7 grams. Better date, lightly cleaned XF+, light die-crack from A to LEY. Estimate: $50-$75. 1736. Hermosillo, Mexico, 25 centavos, 1884M. KM-406.6. 6.7 grams. Choice XF+ with nice luster and rainbow toning. Estimate: $70-$100. 1737. Guadalajara, Mexico, 10 centavos, 1891S. KM-403.4. 2.7 grams. Gem BU, prooflike and problem-free. Estimate: $50-$75. 1738. San Luis Potosí, Mexico, copper 1 centavo, 1871, rare. KM-391.8. 7.9 grams. Crude and unevenly struck About Fine with darkly toned fields, well circulated and clearly a product of its time but of a distinctive style from the later issues that leads some to believe it was a contemporary counterfeit, simply listed as “Rare” in KM with no values. Estimate: $70$100.

Mexico (Revolutionary) Chihuahua 1739. Chihuahua (Hidalgo del Parral), Mexico, 1 peso, 1913. KM-611. 27.2 grams. Nice VF with light toning, hint of original luster, weak H but other details clear. Estimate: $100$150.

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1740. Chihuahua (Hidalgo del Parral), Mexico, 50 centavos, 1913, plain edge. KM-609. 12.0 grams. Decent AVF with hint of original luster, no big problems. Estimate: $70-$100. 1741. Chihuahua (Army of the North), Mexico, 1 peso, 1915. KM-619. 27.6 grams. Lustrous XF with lots of stray marks but nothing overly distracting. Estimate: $100-$150.

Durango

1742. Durango (Cuéncame), Mexico, 1 peso, “Muera Huerta,” 1914. KM-621. 23.6 grams. Choice, lustrous XF+ with several die-cracks and planchet lamination on eagle side, no toning, popular type. Estimate: $450-$675. 1743. Durango (Cuéncame), Mexico, 1 peso, “Muera Huerta,” 1914. KM-621. 23.4 grams. Lustrous XF with slightly crude rim (as made, but with small lacuna), small die-crack, spot of toning above UN PESO, popular type. Estimate: $400-$600. 1744. Durango (Cuéncame), Mexico, 1 peso, “Muera Huerta,” 1914. KM-621. 24.6 grams. Lustrous and very lightly toned VF+ with minor surface pitting (as made), a few diecracks. Estimate: $400-$600.

Guerrero 1745. Guerrero (Zapata), Mexico, 2 pesos, 1914.

KM-643.

AXF with luster and hint of toning, slightly crude strike, popular and interesting for the fact that it contains 0.595 gram of fine gold (as stated on the coin, albeit weakly on this example)! Estimate: $60-$90. 1746. Guerrero (Campo Morado), Mexico, 2 pesos, 1915C.M. KM-662. 18.3 grams. Lustrous AXF with slightly crude rims (as made), somewhat uneven strike, no toning. Estimate: $70$100. 27.0 grams.

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Mexico (modern Republic) 1747. Mint set of 33 Mexican 100-pesos bi-metallic (silver/ brass) state commemoratives of 2003-2006 in collector-board folio. 33.9 grams each. An impressive set of state commemoratives, each showing the arms of the state on a silver center with legend and value on outer brass ring, all in Mint State, the silver bright and lustrous but the brass in various states of patination, the folio in nice condition with each coin safely and securely housed in a plastic capsule. Estimate: $500-$750.

Netherlands (Spanish)

1748. Gelderland, Spanish Netherlands, 1/2 philip daalder, Philip II, 1562, rare first date. Delm-61. 15.9 grams. About Fine with bold legends (including date), light rainbow toning, scratch on reverse, crude rims (as made). Estimate: $100-$150. 1749. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Philip IV, 1633. KM-56.1. 31.3 grams. Choice AXF with bold legends but full inner details as well, broad flan, once lightly cleaned but starting to re-tone nicely. Estimate: $200-$300.

1750. Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (Antwerp mint), portrait ducatoon, Charles II, 1667. KM-79.1. 32.3 grams. Huge flan with full legends and inner details, off-center obverse, lightly toned VF, a few tiny marks. Estimate: $250-$375.

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Netherlands (Independent)

1751. Dordrecht, Netherlands, copper jeton, 1588, Spanish Armada commemorative. Van Loon I-386. 5.2 grams. With dismasted ship on reverse and 4 kneeling supplicants above 1588 date on obverse, rainbow-toned Fine, this counting token was struck to commemorate the defeat of the Spanish Armada (popular as such). Estimate: $70-$100. 1752. Middelburg, Netherlands, copper jeton, 1588, Spanish Armada commemorative, rare. Van Loon I-384. 5.7 grams. With wave-tossed ships on one side below 1588 date in legend, arms on other side, light brown VF with nice details, broad legend, this counting token was struck to commemorate the defeat of the Spanish Armada (popular as such). Estimate: $100$150. 1753. Netherlands, copper jeton, 1597, commemorative of the Spanish defeats of 1597. Van Loon I-485. 5.8 grams. The obverse of this interesting counting token shows a trophy of armaments on a spear on the obverse, the reverse with motto and date in Roman numerals, problem-free VF+, nice brown color, popular as commemorating the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. Estimate: $80-$120.

Nicaragua 1754. Nicaragua (León), “imitation cob” 4 reales, 1823 P.M.P.Y., very rare. Crudely cast but with most important details visible, particularly the P.M.P.Y. (referring to the ostensibly random initials in the corners running clockwise starting at top left on the pillars side), the “pine tree” tops of the pillars, and the date above the waves and below the cross. See Carlos Jara’s book Central American Provisional and Provincial Mints (2007) for more information about the attribution of this type to León. Estimate: $400-$600. KM-16.1 (under Honduras). 8.6 grams.

Panama

1755. Panama, 1 balboa, 1934, encapsulated ANACS MS63. KM-13. BU with frosty luster, starting to tone around reverse rim. Estimate: $125-$200. 1756. Lot of 5 Panama silver 1 balboas: 1931, 1934, 1947, 1953 and 1966. 133.5 grams total. The 1931 is VF+ but the rest are AU or better, some lustrous, a couple with toning, no big problems, good for resale. Estimate: $100-$150.

1757. Panama, 50 centésimos de balboa, 1904. KM-5. 24.9 grams. Lightly cleaned AXF, some luster peeking through buffed

fields. Estimate: $60-$90.

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1758. Panama, 50 centésimos de balboa, 1905. KM-5. 24.8 grams. Decent VF+ with a few stray marks. Estimate: $60-$90. 1759. Lot of 8 Panama silver 1/2 balboas: 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1947, 1953, 1961 and 1962. 99.4 grams total. AVF to AU, some lustrous, no big problems, good for resale or as a starter collection of Panamanian half dollars. Estimate: $70-$100. 1760. Lot of 3 Panama silver minors of 1904: 25c, 10c, 5c. 19.8 grams total. The 25c and 5c are lustrous AU; the 10c is nicely toned but lightly cleaned XF; no big problems. Estimate: $60-$90.

1761. Panama, 5 centésimos de balboa, 1916, rare. KM-2. 2.4 grams. Key date (mintage of only 100,000 vs. 1.5 million for the 1904), nice VF with some original luster. Estimate: $70-$100. 1762. Lot of 19 Panama silver minors, consisting of full date-sets up to 1962 (1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1947, 1953, 1961 and 1962) of 1/4 balboas (9) and 1 décimos de balboa (9), plus a 2-1/2 centésimos (“Panama Pill”) of 1904. 79.2 grams total. Problem-free Fine to AU (mostly VF-XF), a nice mix of modern silver in various denominations and without any duplication of dates, good for resale. Estimate: $70-$100. 1763. Bracelet made from 8 Panama silver 2-1/2 centésimos (“Panama Pills”) of 1904, with “Rafaela” engraved in script on the centerpiece. 14.7 grams total. A fun piece of early 20th-century coin jewelry, each coin decent VF or so but with 4 loops soldered on the edges, with central plaque and clasp at end with section of chain, lightly toned. Estimate: $40-$60.

1764. Panama, copper-nickel 5 centésimos, 1932, encapsulated NGC MS-64, ex: Whittier collection. KM-9. Beautifully rose-toned and choice, just a few bagmarks away from top grade. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection, as stated in the slab. Estimate: $200-$300. 1765. Lot of 12 Panama copper-nickel and bronze minors: one 1 balboa, 1975; two 5c (1929 and 1932); four 2-1/2c (1907, 1916, 1929 and 1940); one 1-1/4c, 1940; three 1c (1935, 1937 and 1953); and one 1/2c, 1907. 63.7 grams total. The 1 large coin is lustrous UNC but the others are VF on average, with no major problems. Estimate: $25-$40.

Paraguay

1766. Paraguay, copper-nickel 20 centavos, 1903, encapsulated NGC MS-64. KM-8. Choice BU with lovely golden toning and original luster, finest known specimen graded by NGC. Estimate: $200-$300.

1767. Lot of 5 sets of copper 4-2-1 centésimos, 1870, all choice Mint State (15 coins total). 176.7 grams total. The last of a small hoard offered in our auctions, a great lot for resale by world-coins dealers who will undoubtedly profit from slabbing these one-by-one, as each is Mint State and problem free except for some natural spotting. (Note: The original cost was $35 per coin in 1979 when Spink bought the remainders directly from the Heaton Mint.) Estimate: $600-$900. 340


1768. Bulk lot of 30 copper 4-2-1 centĂŠsimos, 1870, all Mint State (five 4c, thirteen 2c and twelve 1c). 291.9 grams total. Final lot of a small hoard we have been offering in our auctions, great for resale as each can be slabbed and sold individually. (Note: The original cost was $35 per coin in 1979 when Spink bought the remainders directly from the Heaton Mint.) Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Peru (colonial) Pillars 1769. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, pillar minors, all assayer JM: 1R, 1755, 1762; 1/2R, 1761, 1764. 9.3 grams. All Fine or slightly better but 2 with holes at edge, the 1764 richly toned. Estimate: $35-$50.

Busts

1770. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1773JM. KM-78; CT-852. 26.8 grams. XF+ with some original mint luster, no toning. Estimate: $175-$250. 1771. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1777MJ. KM-78; CT-858. 26.6 grams. Fine with small chopmarks and traces of inkstamp as circulated in the Orient. Estimate: $50-$75.

1772. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1780MI.

Prooflike BU, highly lustrous, with a few minor marks and very light hairlines in obverse fields as usual, no toning. Estimate: $175-$250. 1773. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1785MI. KM-78a; CT-868. 26.9 grams. Lustrous AU with minor laminations, light scratches below shield. Estimate: $175-$250. KM-78; CT-861. 26.9 grams.

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1779. Lima, Peru, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1794IJ. 1774. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1788IJ. KM78a; CT-873. 27.1 grams. Choice AU with muted luster, spots of toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

1775. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790IJ. KM-87; CT-642. 26.5 grams. Attractively old-toned AVF with chopmarks at top of leftmost pillar as circulated in the Orient. Estimate: $60$90.

KM-

Choice VF, richly toned, with several old scratches on reverse. Pedigreed to the American Auction Association / Bowers & Ruddy auction of November 4-6, 1974, with lot-tag #2127. Estimate: $60-$90. 95; CT-941. 6.6 grams.

1780. Lima, Peru, bust 2 reales, Charles IV, 1801IJ. KM-95; Toned Fine or better that is littered with chopmarks as circulated in the Orient (rare on small denominations). Estimate: $100-$150. 1781. Lot of 6 Lima, Peru, bust 2R, Charles IV, various dates (1790IJ, 1791IJ, 1792IJ, 1795IJ, 1805JP and 1806JP). 39.8 grams total. Mostly Fine but one Good and one VF, all lightly toned and problem-free except for the 1790, which is crudely holed at top. Estimate: $60-$90. 1782. Lot of 11 Lima, Peru, bust minors, Charles III, IV and Ferdinand VII, various dates: 1R, 1775MJ, 17776MJ, 1777MJ, 1778MJ, 1779MJ [2], 1795IJ and 1814JP; 1/2R, 1774MJ, 1787MI and 1812JP. 30.0 grams total. Fine on average, mostly nicely toned, the 1814 with crude hole at top and the 1778 corroded and scratched, decent coins otherwise. Estimate: $80-$120. CT-948. 6.5 grams.

1776. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1801IJ. KM-97; Lustrous UNC, no toning, its surface microscopically grainy. Estimate: $75-$110. CT-656. 26.4 grams.

1777. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales: Charles IV, 1805JP; Ferdinand VII, 1813JP. 52.7 grams total. The 1805 is off-center Fine with small, swastika-shaped chopmark on pillar as circulated in the Orient; the 1813 is richly toned VF+. Estimate: $70-$100. 1778. Lot of 6 Lima, Peru, bust 2R, Charles III, various dates (1772JM, 1775MJ, 1777MJ, 1780MI, 1782MI and 1787MI). 38.4 grams. All VG-F, a couple nicely toned, the 1772 holed and partially plugged at top but no big problems on the rest. Estimate: $70-$100. 342

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Peru (Republic) Spanish denominations

1783. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1831MM, encapsulated NGC AU-55.

KM-142.3.

Well struck, lustrous, and very lightly toned.

Estimate: $150-$225. 1784. Pasco, Peru, 4 reales, 1844M. KM-151.6. 13.1 grams. AVF with very weak centers, lightly toned fields, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

Decimal coinage

1785. Lima, Peru, 1 sol, 1887TF, encapsulated NGC MS-61. KM-196.22. Lustrous and prooflike but with noticeable bagmarks. Estimate: $125-$200. 1786. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, 1 sol (1891TF and 1895TF), both encapsulated NGC MS-63. Both lustrous, the 1891 very lightly toned and bagmarked (top grade in the NGC census), the 1895 frosty and problem-free, a choice pair of virtually identical design but different types in KM. Estimate: $250-$375. 1787. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, half dollars (50c, 1859YB/Y, long hair; 1/2 sol, 1865YB), both encapsulated NGC MS-63. Both beautifully rainbow-toned and choice, with original luster and no marks, a lovely pair of different types that would be hard to top. Estimate: $100-$150. 1788. Lima, Peru, 25 centavos, 1859YB, encapsulated NGC MS-63, ex: Whittier collection. KM-182. Highly lustrous and somewhat prooflike BU, no toning, top grade in NGC census. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection, as stated in the slab. Estimate: $100-$150. 1789. Lot of 3 Lima, Peru, silver minors in NGC capsules: 1/5 sol, 1866/5YB, MS64; 1 real, 1860YB, MS-65; and 1 dinero, 1864YB, MS-65. All choice and lustrous and all top grade in NGC census, the smaller two coins lightly rainbow-toned. Estimate: $150$225. 1790. Lot of 4 Lima, Peru, silver, copper and copper-nickel minors in NGC capsules: provisional 10c, 1880, MS-63; 1/5 sol, 1899JF, MS-65; 1 dinero, 1905JF, MS-66; and 2c, 1895, MS-65 RB. All lustrous and choice (especially the silver coins), all but one in top grade according to the NGC census. Estimate: $200-$300.

343


Portugal

Puerto Rico (under Spain)

1794. Puerto Rico, fleur-de-lis countermark (1884) on a USA seated Liberty 25c of 1854. KM-6.2. 5.8 grams. Nearly

1791. Lisbon, Portugal, tostão, Sebastian (1557-78), large full countermark on a G/VG host with several old scratches

cross, no ring around cross. Gomes-24.07. 7.9 grams. Toned VF with nice full shield and cross, much legend, but somewhat unevenly struck and with small edge-split, some luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

but without the usual hole, a scarce and very popular type. Estimate: $250-$375.

1795. Puerto Rico, 5 centavos, 1896PG-V, encapsulated ANACS MS-63. KM-20. Lustrous, lightly toned and choice, with small spot of green in shield. Estimate: $500-$750.

1792. Lisbon, Portugal, tostão, Philip III of Spain (15981621). Gomes-unl. (cf. 4). 7.6 grams. Choice crowned shield, crude cross, both nearly full, bold B to right (L to left too weak to see), unlisted variant with obverse legend ending with (PORT)VGAL, nicely toned AVF. Estimate: $110-$175.

Scotland

1796. Scotland (Edinburgh), groat, David II (1357-67). 3.3 grams. Oblong

flan (possibly lightly shaved) with choice full portrait, full king’s name DAVID, full cross with mint name in visible, toned VF. Estimate: $150-$225.

1793. Portugal, 60 reis countermark (1642) on a Sebastian 1/2 tostão. Gomes-39.03b. 3.2 grams. Bold full countermark on the reverse of a Fine host with nice old toning, several small edge-splits and bold legends. Estimate: $75-$110.

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1797. Scotland, 40 pence, Charles I (1625-49), third coinage. 1.4 grams. Fine with nice full crown and thistle, weak bust with old scratch but bold denomination XL behind head, bold legends, light toning. Estimate: $50-$75. 1798. Scotland, 20 pence, Charles I (1625-49). 1.1 grams. Cute little coin, VF with bold legends, good full portrait with denomination XX behind head, richly old-toned all over. Estimate: $50-$75.

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Spain Medieval

1804. Segovia, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip 1799. Castile and León (Spain), billon maravedí prieto, Alfonso X (1252-84). Cayón-1157. 0.7 gram. VF with full legends (Gothic) and inner details, toned with greenish spots, typically thin. Estimate: $35-$50.

Philip III (1598-1621)

IV, 1652/28BR (unlisted overdate). CT-unl. (Type 239); KMTypically bent (as made) VF with very light toning on fields, nice details, with bold and certain overdate that is unlisted in the references (but note that KM lists 52/20, 52/22 and 52/29, and CT lists an A/BR assayer for 1628). Estimate: $80-$120. 1805. Segovia, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip IV, 1659/1BR. Cayón-5808; CT-unl. (Type 239); KM-unl. (cf. 93.1). 2.4 grams. VF with nicely toned fields, off-center strike, possibly with old clip on edge, bold overdate that is listed in Cayón only. Estimate: $80-$120. unl. (cf. 93.1). 3.3 grams.

1800. Segovia, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip III, 1614/08AR/C. CT-474; KM-unl. (cf. 27). 2.7 grams. Attractively toned Fine with full details (weak at bottom on reverse), interesting overdate/overassayer that is unlisted in KM. Estimate: $50-$75.

1806. Segovia, Spain, milled 1/2 real “quarter pistareen,”

Philip IV (1621-1665)

Philip IV, 1633R. CT-1198; KM-88. 1.1 grams. Nice AVF with bold obverse enhanced by darkness around details, reverse weaker but with good cross. Estimate: $40-$60. 1807. Segovia, Spain, milled 1/2 real “quarter pistareen,” Philip IV, 1653BR. CT-1204; KM-88. 1.5 grams. Unlisted error with upside-down 3 in date, deeply toned AVF, off-center strike. Estimate: $50-$75.

1801. Segovia, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip IV, 1627P. CT-932; KM-93.1. 5.6 grams. Nicely toned VF+ with full details, slightly crude rims (as made), scratches in field on reverse. Estimate: $60-$90.

1802. Valencia, Spain, 1 real, Philip IV, 1624, without 1-8 on obverse. CT-1101; Cayón-5697. 1.9 grams. VF with bold central detail (nice date), not much legend due to flatness, no problems. Estimate: $50-$75. 1803. Valencia, Spain, 1 real, Philip IV, 1624, without 1-8 on obverse. CT-1101; Cayón-5697. 2.0 grams. Broad-flan AVF with toned fields, some bold legend, bold date and shield. Estimate: $35-$50.

Charles II (1665-1700) 1808. Segovia, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Charles II, 1684BR, +MREX variety. CT-643; KM-199. 6.3 grams. Deeply toned VF (very nice contrast), off-center reverse, error with ornament between V and M in reverse legend. Estimate: $100-$150. 1809. Barcelona, Spain, croat, Charles II, 1675. CT-663; KM-181.1. 2.4 grams. Nice VF+, richly old-toned, with full details (including legends), slightly off-center strike, underweight but does not appear to be clipped. Estimate: $70-$100.

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Philip V (1700-1746)

Charles III Pretender (1705-1714)

1810. Barcelona, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Charles III Pretender, 1710. CT-26; KM-PT5. 5.1 grams. Lustrous XF with beautiful rainbow toning, no problems. Estimate: $70-$100.

1814. Seville, Spain, milled 8 reales, Philip V, 1734PA. CT946; KM-358. 26.7 grams. Attractively

toned VF+ with dark spots at top of reverse, very nice strike and details. Pedigreed to the Stack’s auction of July 30-31, 2009, with original lot-tag #2427. Estimate: $600-$900.

1811. Barcelona, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Charles III Pretender, 1711. CT-27; KM-PT5. 4.7 grams. Bold, deeply toned AXF with slightly crude rim (as made), nice detail. Estimate: $60-$90.

1815. Seville, Spain, milled 4 reales “double pistareen,” Philip V, 1718M. CT-1143; KM-309. 11.4 grams. Deeply toned AVF, off-center strike, nice details. Estimate: $200-$300.

1812. Barcelona, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Charles III Pretender, 1712. CT-28; KM-PT5. 4.6 grams. Problemfree AVF with attractive rainbow toning. Estimate: $35-$50. 1813. Lot of 3 Barcelona, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareens,” Charles III Pretender, dated 1708, 1709 and 1712. KM-PT5. 13.2 grams total. F to AVF, no big problems, nice details as usual, mostly toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

1816. Segovia, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1717J. CT-1387; KM-297. 4.4 grams. Sharp VF+, struck slightly off-center and with typical slight bend, nice details. Estimate: $50-$75.

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1817. Cuenca, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1718JJ. CT-1161; KM-308. 5.5 grams. Better date and nice quality, lustrous XF, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $70-$100.

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1818. Madrid, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1721A. CT-1248; KM-296. 5.4 grams. Lustrous XF, slightly wavy flan as usual, nice details. Estimate: $60-$90. 1819. Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1721J. CT-1423; KM-307. 5.1 grams. Nicely toned AXF, off-center reverse, no problems. Estimate: $50-$75. 1820. Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1722J. CT-1424; KM-307. 5.8 grams. Lustrous, non-toned VF+, well struck. Estimate: $50-$75.

1821. Lot of 4 Spanish milled 2 reales “pistareens” of Philip V: Madrid, 1717J and 1723A; Seville, 1721J and 1724J. 23.0 grams total. All nice XF with attractive toning, some off-center strikes as usual but overall a super group of problem-free pistareens. Estimate: $150-$225.

1822. Cuenca, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1725JJ. CT-1164; KM-unl. (cf. 308). 5.3 grams. Lustrous AU- with lamination flaw at bottom of shield, off-center strike, sharp details. Note that KM only lists the overdate 1725/3, which this specimen clearly is not. Estimate: $80-$120. 1823. Madrid, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Philip V, 1725/4A, scarce. Cayón-8763; CT-unl. (Type 210); KM-unl. (cf. 296). 4.6 grams. Slightly crude AXF with minor encrustation, off-center reverse, toned fields, bold overdate that is only listed in Cayón. Estimate: $80-$120. 1824. Madrid, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip V, 1717J, scarce. CT-1529; KM-298. 2.9 grams. Oversized flan extending well beyond the design, bold VF+ with beautiful details, slightly warped (as made), first date of type and scarce as such. Estimate: $70-$100.

1825. Seville, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip V, 1721J. CT-1709; KM-306.2. 2.7 grams. Deeply toned VF with bold details, well struck except for weak area below shield. Estimate: $40-$60. 1826. Madrid, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip V, 1726/1A. CT-1531; KM-unl. (cf. 298). 3.1 grams. AXF details but crude at top, lightly toned, clear overdate. Estimate: $40-$60.

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1827. Madrid, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareen,” Philip V, 1726A. CT-1532; KM-298. 3.1 grams. Beautifully rainbow-toned XF on an oversized flan, minor scratches in obverse field, slightly warped as made. Estimate: $50-$75. 1828. Seville, Spain, milled 1/2 real “quarter pistareen,” Philip V, 1733/2PA, unlisted overdate. CT-unl. (Type 299); KM-unl. (cf. 350.2); Cayón-unl. (cf. 8242). 1.3 grams. AXF with subtle luster and light toning all over, no problems, very bold overdate that does not appear in any current references and therefore should be considered rare. Estimate: $60-$90. 1829. Seville, Spain, milled 1/2 real “quarter pistareen,” Philip V, 1734PA. CT-1931; KM-350.2. 1.4 grams. Nice VF with attractive toning, no problems. Estimate: $40-$60. 1830. Seville, Spain, milled 1/2 real “quarter pistareen,” Philip V, 1738PJ. CT-1936; KM-350.2. 1.4 grams. Richly toned VF+, parts of rims weak (as made). Estimate: $35-$50.

Louis I (1724) 1831. Segovia, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Louis I, 1724F, scarce. CT-41; KM-328. 5.2 grams. Somewhat softly struck AXF with some colorful toning near rims, no problems, popular one-year issue. Estimate: $100-$150.

Philip V (1700-1746), Ferdinand VI (1746-1759) and Charles III (1759-1788)

1833. Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen,” Ferdinand VI, 1759JV. CT-525; KM-386.2. 5.5 grams. Richly toned VF, no problems, attractive strike as usual. Estimate: $50-$75.

1832. Lot of 11 Spanish milled 2 reales “pistareens,” Philip V, Ferdinand VI and Charles III, dated 1719-62, various mints. 57.4 grams total. F-VF on average, no big problems, typically nice details, some toned, great lot for jewelry. Estimate: $250-$375.

1834. Seville, Spain, 2 reales “pistareen,” Charles III, 1760JV. CT-1434; KM-388.2. 5.6 grams. Silvery AVF, no contrast or toning, but typically fine details, just a few minor marks. Estimate: $35-$50.

1835. Lot of 4 Madrid and Seville, Spain, milled 1 real “half pistareens,” Philip V and Ferdinand VI, dated 1726, 1738 (2) and 1751. 10.9 grams total. F-VF on average (one with whole shield flat, as struck), some toning, typically well detailed, good for jewelry. Estimate: $100-$150.

348


Charles III (1759-1788)

1836. Lot of 4 Spanish bust 4R, Charles III, various dates and mints (1772CF, 1773CF, 1775PJ and 1777PJ). 51.7 grams All richly toned F, the 1772 with solder-mark in center of reverse but otherwise all problem-free and attractive for the grade. Estimate: $150-$225. total.

1837. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1781PJ, with unidentified “JM� countermark on bust. CT-1113; KM-413.1. 13.0 grams. Attractively rainbowtoned Fine+ with especially well-contrasted legends, bold but unattributed countermark on bust (probably private issue). Estimate: $100-$150.

1838. Lot of 4 Spanish bust 4R, Charles III, various dates and mints (1779PJ, 1779CF, 1788M and 1788C). 51.8 grams AVG to Fine+, all nicely toned, no problems except for some scratches on the obverse of the 1779PJ Estimate: $150$225. total.

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Charles IV (1788-1808)

1839. Seville, Spain, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1775CF. CT-1444; KM-412.2. 5.7 grams. Nice AVF with subtle luster, attractive

light toning, no problems. Estimate: $40-$60.

1846. Seville, Spain, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1798CN. VF+ with light surface hairlines, minor rim-flaw, some toning around details. Estimate: $100$150. CT-774; KM-432.2. 26.9 grams.

1840. Seville, Spain, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1776CF. Problem-free AVF, toned around details, popular date for US collectors. Estimate: $60-$90. 1841. Lot of 5 Spanish bust 2R, Charles III, various dates and mints (1776PJ, 1777PJ, 1777CF, 1778PJ and 17778CF). 28.6 grams total VG+ to VF+, generally problem-free and lightly toned, the 1776 the most worn of the group but popular with US collectors. Estimate: $70-$100. CT-1445; KM-412.2. 5.7 grams.

1847. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1791MF. CT-824; KM-431.1. 13.1 grams. Bold but lightly cleaned AXF, toned around details, nice strike. Estimate: $80-$120.

1842. Seville, Spain, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1774CF. CT1655; KM-411.2. 2.9 grams. Choice

XF+, nice strike, no problems.

Estimate: $100-$150. 1843. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 real, Charles III, 1774CF. CT1-855; KM-410.2. 1.6 grams. Richly toned XF+, nice strike and no problems. Estimate: $70-$100.

Charles III (1759-1788) and Charles IV (17881808) 1844. Lot of 5 Spanish bust 2R, Charles III and IV, various dates and mints (1785DV, 1785JD, 1788M, 1788C and 1800FA). 28.9 grams. VG to VF, all nicely toned, no big problems. Estimate: $60-$90. 1845. Lot of 4 Spanish bust 1R, Charles III and IV, various dates and mints (1774CF, 1776CF, 1788C and 1793MF). 11.3 grams. F-VF with toning (the 1793 especially attractive), no big problems. Estimate: $60-$90.

1848. Lot of 3 Madrid, Spain, bust 4R, Charles IV, various dates (1792MF, 1793MF and 1795MF). 39.6 grams total. Nice F-VF with attractive toning, no big problems. Estimate: $125$200.

350


Amadeo I (1871-1873)

1849. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1796/4MF, unlisted overdate. CT-unl. (Type 94); KM-unl. (cf. 431.1); Cay贸nunl. (cf. 13743). 13.4 grams. Lightly toned AXF with clear overdate that is not listed in any current references and therefore should be considered rare, good strike as usual except for parts of rim. Estimate: $100-$150.

1850. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1805FA. CT-832; KM-431.1. 13.3 grams. Nice

VF, deeply toned, slightly offcenter strike but no problems. Estimate: $75-$110.

1853. Madrid, Spain, 5 pesetas, Amadeo I, 1871-SDM, incuse 18-71 in stars. CT-5; KM-666. 23.1 grams. VF with grainy surface texture all over, very lightly toned. Estimate: $35-$50.

Alfonso XII (1874-1885)

1854. Madrid, Spain, 5 pesetas, Alfonso XII, 1878-DEM, incuse 18-7(8) in stars. CT-29; KM-676. 25.0 grams. Deeply toned VF, no big problems. Estimate: $35-$50.

1851. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 real, Charles IV, 1803FA. CT-1278; KM438.1. 1.5 grams. Choice, bold XF+, once lightly cleaned but starting to tone nicely. Estimate: $70-$100.

Ferdinand VII (1808-1833)

1855. Madrid, Spain, 5 pesetas, Alfonso XII, 1883-MSM, incuse 18-83 in stars. CT-37; KM-688. 24.7 grams. Silvery VF, lustrous from light cleaning. Estimate: $35-$50.

1852. C谩diz, Spain, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1812CI. CT-703; KM-476.1. 13.0 grams. Scarce one-year issue, bold Fine with lightly toned fields, one weak/crude area (as made) near rim on both sides. Estimate: $50-$75.

1856. Madrid, Spain, 5 pesetas, Alfonso XII, 1885-MPM, incuse 18-(87) in stars. CT-43; KM-688. 24.9 grams. Richly rainbow-toned VF. Estimate: $35-$50.

351


Miscellaneous lots 1857. Lot of 4 miscellaneous Spanish minors: Segovia, copper 16 maravedís, Philip IV, 1661S; Madrid, copper 8 maravedís, Philip IV, 1662Y; Seville, silver 2 reales, Charles IV, 1808CN; Segovia, copper 8 maravedís, Charles III, 1777. 22.3 grams total. Fine to AXF, all dark brown in color (even the silver coin, which is deeply toned), the 1808 2R and the 1777 8M with light surface corrosion but otherwise problem-free and a neat little group of different types. Estimate: $50-$75. 1858. Lot of 8 various coppers of Philip II-IV, various mints, denominations and dates in the early to mid-1600s. 38.7 grams total. A great group for study, containing various 4, 8 and 16 maravedís (3 cobs and 5 milled coins), all well detailed and FVF on average, some with green patina over a range of brown shades, all but one with clear date. Accompanied by various dealer tags to aid in attribution. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spanish colonial 1859. Mixed lot of 11 Spanish colonial busts: one Durango, Mexico (War of Independence), 8R, 1821CG; ten 1/2R, various mints and dates. 41.6 grams total. A motley lot anchored by the War for Independence 8R (richly toned F+ for type but holed at top), all the various 1/2R (VG-F+, mostly toned, half of them holed at top) probably useful for jewelry. Estimate: $75-$110. 1860. Mixed lot of 6 bust minors from Spanish colonial mints (2R: Mexico 1782FF, Guatemala 1796M and Lima 1800IJ; 1R: Mexico 1780FF; and 1/2R: Mexico 1777FM and 1797FM). 24.6 grams total. VG on average, all toned, the 1782 with light graffiti on bust, otherwise decent for the grade. Estimate: $50-$75.

Straits Settlements 1861. Straits Settlements (Malaysia/Singapore), 50 cents, Edward VII, 1902. KM-23. 13.5 grams. Nice AXF with light toning and subtle luster, no problems, high catalog value ($720 in XF in KM). Estimate: $250-$375.

Sweden United States of America

1863. US colonial, Virginia copper halfpenny (Royal Patent Coinage), 1773. KM-Tn25.3. 7.4 grams. VG/F, the obverse crude but the reverse well detailed, with clear date, darkly toned all over. Estimate: $50-$75.

1862. Sweden (Avesta), copper “plate money” 1 daler, Frederik I, 1742. KM-PM68. 797 grams. Choice, non-salvage VF with bold markings, lovely toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

1864. USA, New Jersey state copper (half penny), 1786. KM-10. 9.5 grams. About

Estimate: $100-$150.

352

Fine, unevenly toned but no problems.


1865. USA, Vermont state copper (half penny), 1788, bust right, encapsulated PCGS F-12. KM-10. Uneven strike and toning (not dark) but much of the lettering bold, + ornament after VERMON, popular issue with KM catalog value of $1,250 in F. Estimate: $350-$500. 1866. Lot of 2 early-US “bits” cut from Spanish bust 8R, one with clear date 1808. 6.1 grams total. Two sharply cut pieces of slightly different sizes (each more or less a 1 real), both darkly toned and F-VF for wear, not particularly rare but very popular and seldom relinquished by the metal-detectorists who find them. Estimate: $50-$75. 1867. USA, encased postage, 5c red brown, Drake’s Plantation Bitters S.T.1860.X. (patent 1862). EP-72. 2.4 grams. Choice specimen with vividly colored stamp, the mica lightly scratched but fully intact, pristine case with no damage or noticeable wear, not a rare issuer but more commonly seen in the 1c denomination. Estimate: $200-$300.

1868. Lot of 7 US copper large cents, various dates (1844, 1845, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1853 and 1854). KM-67. 10.3 to 10.9 grams each. Decent VF-XF with no big problems, in a range of colors from reddish brown to dark chocolate, great as a starter collection or for resale. Estimate: $200$300.

1869. USA (Philadelphia mint), $1 Morgan, 1899, encrusted as from the “Sulphur Springs recovery.” KM-110. 19.3 grams. Fine details, darkly toned and encrusted but fully intact and in fact a better date. From the “Sulphur Springs recovery” in Florida (ca. 1900), with Pearson photocertificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

353


1870. USA (New Orleans mint), $1 Morgan, 1900-O, encrusted as from the “Sulphur Springs recovery.” KM-110. 18.8 grams. Thickly encrusted but details underneath appear to be AVF or so. From the “Sulphur Springs recovery”

in Florida (ca. 1900), with

Pearson photo-certificate. Estimate: $50-$75. 1871. Clump of 2 USA Barber silver coins (50c 1901 and 25c 1902), encrusted, one of only 2 naturally fused clumps found as from the “Sulphur Springs recovery.” 14.2 grams. Both with bust-side out, Fine details underneath a sheen of black oxidation. From the “Sulphur Springs recovery” in Florida (ca. 1900), with Pearson photo-certificate. Estimate: $60-$90.

1872. Lot of 2 USA Barber silver coins (50c 1899 and 25c 1904), encrusted as from the “Sulphur Springs recovery.” 14.4 grams total. Fine details but somewhat encrusted and black from oxidation. From the “Sulphur Springs recovery” in Florida (ca. 1900), with Pearson photo-certificate. Estimate: $50-$75.

Uruguay

1873. Uruguay, 1 peso fuerte, 1844, rare.

Nice AU- with light surface hairlines on reverse, much original luster and faint toning, an excellent specimen of a rare and popular 1-year issue. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. KM-5. 27.0 grams.

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354


Venezuela (provisional “imitation cobs”)

1874. Barinas (Caujaral), Venezuela, “chipi-chipi” 1 real, “156” date (1817). KM-2. 2.4 grams. Bold full cross and pillars, the date especially clear, on a rounder flan than most, with hole at top of pillars, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $100-$150.

1875. Caracas, Venezuela, “imitation cob” 1 real, date “721” off flan (1813), rare. KM-C12. 1.8 grams. Small

flan (clipped?) with crude hole, but nicely toned and with just enough of the tops of the digits of the date to be sure, full M to right of cross with lions and castles at haphazard angles, Fine or better overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

Venezuela (royalist) 1876. Guayana, Venezuela, copper 1/2 real, Ferdinand VII, 1815 (small flan).

KM-

Somewhat rare with clear date and rest of legends full, decent lion and castle and denomination 1/2, darkly toned Fine overall. Estimate: $70-$100.

41.2; CT-1297. 2.2 grams.

West Indies? 1877. West Indies(?), countermark “1-1/2” (for 1-1/2 shillings?) on a Seville, Spain, milled 2 reales “pistareen” of Louis I (LUDOUICUS), 17(24)J. CT-42 (host); KM329 (host); Cayón-10111 (host). 4.6 grams. This well-worn coin (lightly toned VG with weak areas but full cross-lions-castles and king’s name, which is a scarce variant spelling) bears a currently unattributed countermark of 1-1/2 on the reverse, possibly a private merchant mark, but almost certainly relating to the late-1700s rate of exchange of 1 shilling 6 pence per pistareen, and therefore probably applied in one of the many British colonies in the West Indies or America. Estimate: $50-$75.

LOT VIEWING SCHEDULE: March 31-April 3: Whitman Baltimore Coin & Currency Expo April 14-17: Chicago International Coin Fair (CICF) April 4-13 and 18-25: by appointment at our private office in Winter Park, Florida (closed weekends and on Good Friday) 355


Medals and Tokens (not all photos actual size; many larger medals reduced)

Argentina

1878. Buenos Aires, Argentina, silver proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808. Fonrobert-1061; Medina-281. 35.2 grams. Lightly cleaned XF with attractive toning near rim, no problems, designed by engraver Arrabal, whose name appears under the bust of Ferdinand VII on the obverse. Estimate: $150-$225. 1879. (La Plata), Argentina, large copper medal, 1910 Castelli Independence centennial. 123.8 grams. Issued upon the centennial erection of a monument in 1910 in the capital of Argentina dedicated to revolutionary leader Juan José Castelli, chocolate brown XF with dark spots on obverse, very large and impressive. Estimate: $70-$100. 1880. Argentina (Mendoza), silver basketball championship medal, 1941. 46.8 grams. This silver, second-place medal was awarded to a member of the Peruvian team in the 1941 South American Basketball Championship that took place in Mendoza, Argentina, with enameled flags of the participating countries at top above wording as follows: IX CAMPEONATO SUDAMERICANO DE BASQUETBOL / PREMIO: / VICE GOBERNADOR DE MENDOZA / VICE CAMPEON 1941 / MENDOZA REPUB. ARGENTINA. Its fineness of 0.900 is stamped on the back, unblemished condition, somewhat scarce. Estimate: $50-$75.

Barbados

Bolivia 1882. Peru-Bolivian confederation

1881. Barbados, copper halfpenny token, Moses Tolano (early 1800s). Lyall-93; Pridmore-72; KM-Tn3. 8.9 grams. Darkly toned VF, no problems, with MOSES TOLANO BARBADOES around a bale marked MT on obverse and FREEDOM WITHOUT SLAVERY * around a cask also marked MT on reverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

(1835-39), silver medal and ribbon, Socabaya, rare. Fonrobert-9252. 29.9 grams. This was once a coin (as evidenced by its reeded edge) but was struck on the front with the obverse of a “Honor & Country in Socabaya” military medal honoring the patriots for their victory at the battle of Socabaya on February 7, 1836, showing a condor within circle, legend HONOR Y PATRIA above, surrounded by rays. Estimate: $100$150.

356


1883. Potosí, Bolivia, silver 2 soles-sized medal, 1855, Jorje Córdova, encapsulated NGC AU-55.

Fonrobert-9606. 6.9

Lustrous and lightly toned, propaganda medal for President Jorge Córdova (spelled “Jorje” on this medal) as first successor to Manuel Belzu (Córdova’s father-in-law) when opposition to Belzu’s despotic regime forced his resignation (Córdova himself later toppled by Linares supporters). Estimate: $150-$225. 1884. Cochabamba, Bolivia, silver peseta-sized medal, 1863, President Acha, encapsulated NGC MS-61. 5.0 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned (traces of dark spots), ostensibly a gift from Cochabamba (his home town) for President José María de Acha, who followed the dictator Linares and was himself overthrown by Melgarejo in 1864. Exceptional condition for this relatively common medal, which is usually holed. Estimate: $175-$250. 1885. Bolivia, oval silver medal with upper ring, Melgarejo, 1865. 32.7 grams. Lightly golden-toned XF, problem-free, with usual bust of Melgarejo on obverse and dates (months and days) within wreath on reverse, topped by an oval-wreath-shaped hanger in loop. Melgarejo was perhaps the most ruthless in a string of Bolivian tyrants in the mid-1800s and was overthrown in 1871 by yet another military dictator, Agustín Morales. Estimate: $300-$450. grams.

Colombia

Cuba

1886. Colombia, brass token, BLANCO / CUARTILLO

1887. Cuba (Havana), silver 1R-sized proclamation medal,

(late 1800s?). Henao-COM064-2. 5.3 grams. Nice VF, with BLANCO over snake-wrapped pedestal (looks like a martini glass) on one side and CUARTILLO over a 3-armed flower on the other side, both sides with 9 stars at bottom, engraver(?) HADIN near rim. Estimate: $50-$75.

1834, Isabel II. Fonrobert-7740; Medina-416. 3.4 grams. Attractively toned VF with dark sediment around details, no problems, issued to announce the infant Queen’s acclamation in 1834. Estimate: $125-$200.

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Want to see your collection sold like this? Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #10 (October, 2011). 357


Dominican Republic

Great Britain

1891. Great Britain, silver medal, Anne, 1702, Vigo Bay

1888. Dominican Republic 39.9 grams. This interesting item should appeal to collectors of many different areas, as it falls under shipwrecks, coins and medals! When Burt Webber found and salvaged the Concepción wreck in 1978-9, his company (Seaquest) commissioned this medal in imitation of one of the Mexican cobs they found, with the shield side of the coin on one side and a diagram of the location of the wreck off the Dominican Republic on the other side topped with HISTORIA INVELATA (whatever that means) over SEAQUEST INTERNATIONAL, “Operation Phips II” and CONCEPCIÓN 1641 to the sides, and DOMINICAN REPUBLIC at the bottom. The reproduction of the cob is faithfully scaled, its shape and uneven thickness exactly like the genuine coin but enlarged by about 50%. Necessarily crude, this piece is clearly not worn but has started to tone. A unique prototype that was never issued and is of virtually unlimited value to the dedicated shipwreck history collector. Estimate: $100-up.

commemorative. MI 236/18; Betts 97. 17.6 grams. Nicely toned and problem-free AVF, designed by Croker and struck to commemorate the British defeat of the Spanish at Vigo Bay in 1702, from which captured silver was used to make coins (and probably these medals). Estimate: $250-$375.

1892. Great Britain, bronze Admiral Vernon medal, Porto Bello, Vernon and Brown, 1739. Adams-PBvb4G; McG-142; Medina-67. 17.4 grams. Toned, high-relief Fine with minor rimnicks, curiously stippled fields on obverse. Estimate: $75-$110.

Ecuador 1889. Quito, Ecuador, gold-plated silver(?) 1/5 libra token, 1899. 0.9 gram. A strange little piece with somewhat comical portrait of Sucre on obverse and coat-of-arms on reverse with legend reading G1.600 1/5 DE LIBRA 0.900 M.N. QUITO, possibly a pattern, curiously pre-dating the 20th-century Peruvian 1/5 Libra of the stated weight but clearly not 1.6 grams of 0.900 gold, toned XF or so, possibly rare, but with no comparable sales except the Smith & Daughter auction of September 25, 1996, where it was estimated at $50-$100. Estimate: $50-up. 1890. Lot of 6 Ecuadorian medals in silver and other metals, various themes (monument dedication, christening tokens, etc.), late 1800s-early 1900s. 59.2 grams total. A fun little lot of semi-modern souvenirs in nice condition, none of numismatic value but at least with silver intrinsic worth. Estimate: $25-$40.

1893. Great Britain, copper Admiral Vernon medal, Porto Bello, 1739. Adams-PVb42RR; McG-72; Betts-198. 13.4 grams. Deeply toned, high-relief Fine with minor rim-nicks. Estimate: $100$150.

358

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1894. Great Britain, copper Admiral Vernon medal, Porto 1897. Great Britain, silver-plated bronze medal, Admiral Bello, Vernon-Ogle-Wentworth, 1739. Adams-PBvow1A; McGToned Fine with more pronounced rims than most, no problems, scarce, and noteworthy as the only issue with Vernon, Ogle and Wentworth all pictured. Estimate: $100-$150. 176; Betts-309. 12.7 grams.

Howe (1799) and the 1794 victory against the French fleet. 24.2 grams. High-relief AU, beautifully lustrous but fraught with small marks, made by Thomas Wyon after the death of Admiral Richard Howe in 1799 to commemorate his victory over the French in 1794 off Ushant. Estimate: $50-$75.

1895. Great Britain, brass Admiral Vernon medal, Porto Bello, 1739. Adams-PBvi26PP; McG-136; Betts-226. 5.9 grams. Smaller medal with bold details, lightly corroded AVF, mostly darkly toned but with some original brass color in places. Estimate: $50-$75.

1898. Great Britain, steel restrike of a Ger man propaganda medal commemorating the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915, with original 3"x3" box and paperwork. 64.8 grams. With a skeletal Cunard agent selling tickets on the obverse and the sinking of the ship on the reverse, the original of this medal was unabashed propaganda by the Germans (who torpedoed and sank the Lusitania) to show the folly of sending hapless passengers to their death in dangerous waters during wartime; but then the British realized they could portray the Germans as heartless barbarians by striking medals with the very same design! This specimen AU or better but with rusty encrustation in crevices. Estimate: $60-$90.

1896. Great Britain, silver-plated bronze medal, Victory of the Nile, 1798. Brown-450. 19.9 grams. High-relief AXF, lustrous but with lots of small marks, executed by Thomas Wyon to celebrate Nelson’s victory over the French at the Nile River in 1798. Estimate: $50-$75.

359

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Mexico

1899. Guanajuato, Mexico (Marqués de San Juan de Rayas), silver proclamation medal, Charles IV and Queen Luisa, 1790. Grove-C78; Medina-165. 50.5 grams. Choice XF+ with beautiful toning, no problems, large and impressive, designed by G.A. Gil. Pedigreed to Ponterio sale #105 (lot 564). Estimate: $200-$300. 1900. Puebla de los Angeles, Mexico, bronze proclamation medal, Charles IV, 1790, rare. Grove-C122b; Medina-215. 50.1 grams. Large and impressive medal in red-brown copper, AXF with a few minor nicks and marks, designed by G.A. Gil. The city of Puebla de los Angeles is now known as simply Puebla, or Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza, or (nickname) Angelópolis. Estimate: $125-$200.

1901. Mexico, bronze academic medal, Ferdinand VII, 1809, Grove plate specimen. Grove-F38a. 44.4 grams. Red-brown color with some original mint luster at rims, choice AU with very fine details (especially the hair), large and impressive, designed by engraver J.M. Guerrero as a university literary award. The rim at about 11 o’clock on the obverse shows a sizable cud, a rare error that clearly identifies its pedigree in Grove. Plate specimen in Grove. Estimate: $200-$300. 1902. Mexico, silver-plated bronze military medal (with loop), Second Epoch of Independence, Army of the Three Guarantees (1822), rare. Fonrobert-6565; Grove-D23a. 50.9 grams. AXF with slightly crude fields, designed by J. Guerrero in 1822 and awarded to military personnel who fought for Emperor Iturbide during the second (and final) battle for independence from Spain (known as the Second Epoch) from June 16 to September 2, 1821. With original Henry Christensen envelope from 1974. Estimate: $350-$500.

1903. Mexico, silver proclamation medal, Agustín Iturbide and Empress Ana María, Council of State, 1823. Grove-15a. 54.2 grams. Nice AXF with minor rim-nicks and a few stray marks, engraved by F. Gordillo, commonly seen in copper but the silver is somewhat rare. Estimate: $175-$250.

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Peru

1904. Mexico, bronze “protomedicato” medal, Agustín Iturbide, 1823, rare. Fonrobert-6553; Grove-17b. 27.2 grams. Lustrous XF+ with stain in middle of reverse, bright red all over, engraved by F. Gordillo and issued to commemorate Iturbide’s efforts to revive the colonial-era medical board known as the “protomedicato.” Estimate: $150-$225.

1907. Lima, Peru, 8R-sized silver medal, 1821, Independence / San Martín, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Fonrobert-8996. 26.6 grams. Beautifully lustrous and unblemished, with hint of toning, this medal (struck in coin alignment) commemorates the liberation of Lima by General José de San Martín in 1821. Estimate: $300-$450.

1908. Peru (Lima), 2R-sized silver medal, 1868, San Martín, encapsulated NGC MS-63. Fonrobert-9157. Lustrous

1905. Mexico (Republic), bronze medal, president and choice, with colorful toning (albeit somewhat spotty). Guadalupe Victoria (1824), rare. Grove-70b. 42.1 grams. Obverse showing portrait of Victoria, the first president of independent Mexico, with the usual eagle-on-cactus design on reverse, a slightly grainy XF with some original luster and red-brown all over, desirable memorial from the beginnings of the Republic of Mexico. Estimate: $150-$225.

Estimate: $100-$150.

1909. Peru (Callao), silver 1 real merchant token, Club Callao (1867), rare, unusual shape (oval). 2.2 grams. Lightly corroded VF with bold details, a mysterious little piece with THE CLUB CALLAO FOUNDED 1867 on obverse and ONE REAL on reverse, apparently from an English-speaking establishment that we assume was in Peru in the late 1800s. Estimate: $100-$150.

1906. Arizpe (Sonora), Mexico, uniface silver military medal with loop, 1858, defense of Tekax, Yucatán, very rare, Grove plate specimen. Grove-D154a. 10.0 grams. Thin, oval medal with simple declaration in crude lettering including the date 1857, after which an incuse .58 is appended, VF with dark contrasting toning on fields, important piece with desirable pedigree. Estimate: $150-$225. 361

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Puerto Rico

1913. Puerto Rico (Mayagüez?), brass uniface transportation token for SABATER & CO., 1/2 PLAYA, rare. Archilla-781. 6.1 grams. Simple plaque with uniface lettering, issued for transportation from the pier to the warehouse in town (possibly Ponce), unblemished XF or so. Estimate: $200$300.

1910. Puerto Rico (under Spain), oval bronze military medal (with loop), Alfonso XII, Voluntarios de PuertoRico (1880). 17.1 grams. AXF with uneven toning (from redbrown to nearly black), some minor rim-bruising, showing the king’s portrait on the obverse with legend INTEGRIDAD DE LA PATRIA at top and CONSTANCIA at bottom, the reverse with flag-bearing lamb on rock below F I with VOLUNTARIOS DE PUERTO-RICO below in legend. Estimate: $250-$375.

1914. Puerto Rico (Ponce), nickel 10 centavos merchant token for MANUEL CORTADA. Archilla-678. 6.9 grams. Dull gray AXF with clear details, no problems. Estimate: $60-$90.

1911. Puerto Rico, silver uniface medal in the design of the 1893 “el barquito” 3 centavos postage stamp (4th centennial of the discovery of Puerto Rico by Columbus in 1493), rare. 15.3 grams. AXF with contrasting toning, made in the same design as a postage stamp popularly known as “el barquito,” showing Columbus and his men leaving their ship in a rowboat. Estimate: $125$200.

1912. Puerto Rico, large bronze medal, merit award for the 1893 Exposition (4th centennial of the discovery of Puerto Rico by Columbus), rare. Eglit-303. 53.5 grams. Choice UNC in impressive high relief, even brown color, with bust of Columbus on obverse and legend on reverse, made by Castells in Barcelona, Spain. Estimate: $600-$900.

1915. Puerto Rico (Ponce), silver 2 centavos hacienda token for H[ACIEND]A MERCEDITA J.S, 1880. 4.5 grams. Lustrous Mint State, very lightly cleaned. The Hacienda Mercedita was a sugar plantation founded in 1861 (closed in 1994) that was also known for producing rum. Estimate: $60-$90.

1916. Puerto Rico (Mayagüez), brass 3 cadenas merchant token for CENTRAL ROCHELAISE, 1934, with central punch and countermark K 3 (rare). Archilla-135. 6.1 grams. Incuse lettering on plain fields, mostly brass in color but some reddish stains. Estimate: $200-$300.

362


1917. Puerto Rico (Vieques), silver uniface trial restrike of 10 centavos token for RODRIGUEZ (1800s), struck by “JOM” in 1984, rare. Archilla-765a. 14.2 grams. Frosty UNC with subtle luster. This piece was the largest of 4 denominations (5, 10, 25 and 50) struck using original dies acquired by Archilla-Diez. The original tokens were made in aluminum and are very rare. Only 10 restrikes were struck for each denomination, making the restrikes almost as rare as the originals! Estimate: $200-$300.

Spain

1918. Spain, large copper medal, Charles III, establishment of the Academy of the Three Noble Arts (Seville), 1778. Crude AVF with lots of stray marks but nice, even red-brown color with toning around details. The reverse shows three figures representing the “three noble arts” of painting, sculpture and architecture. Engraver: Antonio de Saa. Estimate: $50-$75. 1919. Spain (Puerto de Santa María), silver 4R-sized proclamation medal, coronation of Charles IV, 1789. Herrera-86. 13.5 grams. Choice AU+, lustrous and problem-free, starting to tone. Estimate: $150-$225.

Vidal Quadras-14126a. 57.9 grams.

St. Lucia

1920. St. Lucia, copper uniface coal token for CHASTANET, scarce, ca. 1870. Lyall-466. 5.4 grams. Darkly toned VF, simple design of company name and SAINT LUCIA around central hole. Estimate: $150-$225. 1921. St. Lucia, lot of 4 brass, uniface, coal tokens for the PETER COALING CO. LD. in denominations of “1/” (1 shilling, oval), “4” (4 pence, round), “2” (2 pence, round) and “D” (1 penny?, square), early 1900s. Lyall-486, 487, 489 and 490. 26.3 grams total This series of different-shaped tokens bears a number or letter in the center of each, which some believe refer to loads of coal, but we agree with Lyall that they are British denominations, except for a pair in the series that shows D and N (this set lacks the N) for “day” and “night” shifts. Lyall also feels these tokens were for tasks other than carrying coal onto the ships. All 4 pieces in this lot are in decent condition, F-VF on average, in various shades of brown. Estimate: $200-$300. 363


Tortola 1922. Tortola, copper “black dogg” (1-1/2 pence) private merchant token for planter Arthur Hodge (1792-1811), countermark H within frame on a French 2 sous (Paris). KM11. 1.2 grams. The host coin is practically slick except for a faint A (Paris mintmark) under the countermark just inside the border separating the legends, the countermark itself having broken through the coin slightly, but clearly also worn from circulation after the mark was applied, darkly toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

Trinidad 1923. Trinidad, copper 1 stampee private merchant token for barber François Declos, incuse F D countermark on a British East India Co. copper 1/4 anna (mid-1800s), rare. Lyall-501. 6.1 grams. Dark, corroded and encrusted VG or so but with bold countermark and just enough of the host-coin design to attribute it to the type PRIOR to 1862, unlike most of the countermarked specimens. Estimate: $125-$200. 1924. Trinidad, copper 1/2 stampee private merchant token for grocer H.E.RAPSEYS (ca. 1860), rare. Lyall-508. 4.9 grams. AVF with light corrosion, red to dark brown in color. The Rapsey bakery and grocery in Port of Spain was an important business there, and John Rapsey was a town councilor and a board member for many important companies in Trinidad. Estimate: $250-$375.

Turks & Caicos 1925. Turks & Caicos, lot of 4 brass merchant tokens for the West Caicos Sisal Company in denominations of 6 pence, 1 penny and 1/2 penny (ca. 1900), all salvaged, rare. Lyall-522, 524 and 525. 16.0 grams total. Manufactured by Quints and Sons in Philadelphia, these plain tokens with incuse lettering on both sides were used to pay for labor and exchanged for goods at the company store. Like most (if not all), these specimens show signs of immersion in salt water, the 6d and 1d reddish and very lightly corroded but the 1/2d a nice patinated bronze with light tan sediment in the letters (excellent contrast). Estimate: $250-$375.

Venezuela 1926. Lot of 8 hacienda tokens as follows: five in copper for Palomas E & P (Eraso & Pereira, Aragua state) in values of 1 (3 pc.), 2 and 4 reales (1897); and three in brass (uniface) for La Mansión J y R in values of 1/2 and 1 (2 pc.) reales. 36.5 grams total. All in choice Mint State and completely uncirculated, which is remarkable as they are usually found well used and countermarked, the copper ones from a known hacienda but the brass ones not fully attributed. The three brass tokens and three of the copper tokens (4R and two of the 1R) are round, but the copper 2R and one of the copper 1R are octagonal. Estimate: $500-up.

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Paper Money

Mexico

Confederate States of America

1927. Lot of 19 Confederate States of America notes in 1928. Lot of 9 Empire of Mexico (Iturbide) and Treasury denominations of $10 to $500 each (mostly $100), dated 1861-64. Roughly 7" to 7-1/2" by 3-1/4" each. A wide range of notes, Fine or so on average (nothing Mint, but also no trash), consisting of the following: two $500 1864; eight $100 1862 (two different types); five $100 1864; three $20 1861; and one $10 1863. The $10 and the 1864 $100 are printed in blue on back; all the others are uniface, some with handwriting on back. Estimate: $500-$750.

of the Nation notes in denominations of 1 to 10 pesos each, all dated 1823. Frampton PR-DF-4, 5, 8, 12, 15 and 19. From 6" x 4" to 12-1/2" x 8-1/2" each. Representative lot containing one each of almost all the different denominations (lacking the National 10 pesos, but including the uncut sheet of four Iturbide 1 pesos) in the first series of paper money ever issued by newly independent Mexico in 1823, all in excellent condition (XF), all but the sheet of 4 cut-canceled at bottom left, total catalog value of about $2500. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

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Government/Republic of Texas

1929. Lot of 10 Government/Republic of Texas treasury notes in denominations of $1 to $50 each, dated 1839-41. Representative lot in Fine condition on average, all cut-canceled (one with diamond-shaped holed in center), as follows: 1839 ($50, $10 and $5); 1840 (two each of $50, $20 and $10); and 1841 ($1). All are two-sided and known as “redbacks� except the uniface 1841 $1 and 1839 $10, the last (which is the hole-canceled piece) being an earlier issue by the Government of Texas before Republic. Worth a close look by specialists. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1930. Government/Republic of Texas $10 treasury note signed by Sam Houston, dated 1837. About 7" x 3". Decent Fine or so with diamond-shaped cancellation hole and also cut in half down the middle and taped together, popular for the signature of Sam Houston as president, although it is widely understood that he was unable to sign due a war wound and therefore authorized William G. Cooke to sign for him. Estimate: $350-$500.

Approx. 7-1/4" x 3" each.

1931. Republic of Texas $150 treasury warrant dated 1838 for military pay to the heirs of a soldier killed in defense of the Alamo (Edward F. Mitchasson), with his biography. About 5-1/2" x 3". VF with minor stains, a common item but curious in that the consignor was able to track down information about the soldier to whose heirs this check was payable, the blank backside of the piece with handwritten endorsement. Estimate: $350-$500.

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State of Texas

United States of America State notes

1933. Connecticut colonial note, 1 shilling, dated June 7, 1776, serial #3585, encapsulated PMG Gem Unc 65 EPQ. Choice specimen with signature (George Wyllys) and serial number in faded red ink, highly popular date among US collectors. For comparison, a 66 PPQ sold at Heritage for $1,495 (including buyer’s fee) in January 2010. Estimate: $400-$600. Fr-CT194. 2-3/4" x 3-1/2".

1932. Lot of 5 State of Texas treasury warrants from 1862-3 in denominations of 50 cents up to $10 each. From 5-1/2" x 2-1/2" to 6-3/4" x 3" each. A mix of different types: three with green printing and black and red handwriting ($10 1863, two punch-cancellations; $1 1861, one punch cancellation; and $1 1863, no cancellation); one with orange and black printing with big, inked X cancellation ($1 1862); and one plain gray printing on the back of a section of an 1860 printed document (50c 1862). Fine on average, no big problems. Estimate: $100$150.

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1934. Lot of 14 Massachusetts colonial notes dated May 5, 1780, in denominations of $2, $3, $4, $5 (2), $7 (4) and $8 (5). Approx. 3-3/4" x 2-3/4" each. Decent lot of notes in VGVF condition, all printed and signed in black and red and with central hole cancellations, various emblems on reverse, most stamped in red “Interest Paid one Year” on front, no big problems, great for resale. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

367


Continental currency 1936. Lot of 10 U.S. Continental Currency notes issued in denominations of 1/3 of a dollar up to fifty dollars and dated 1775-1779 (all but the 1/3 dollar in “Spanish milled dollars”). All less than 4" x 3". A decent lot of problem-free VG-VF notes, all numbered and signed by hand, printed in Philadelphia by Hall and Sellers, some with flecks of mica remaining on the reverse (an anticounterfeiting measure, as British fakes were abundant), issued to fund the Revolutionary War but subject to rapid depreciation, the two 1779 pieces under United States of America issued to replace the earlier pieces under United Colonies, and the 1776 piece inside an old (1934) envelope embossed with ADAM, MELDRUM & ANDERSON CO. / BUFFALO, N.Y. Estimate: $500-$750.

1935. Lot of 14 state colonial notes issued by Connecticut Revolutionary War certificates/bonds (1), Delaware (1), Georgia (1), Mar yland (1), 1937. Lot of 3 Massachusetts Bay War Committee Massachusetts (1), New Jersey (1), New York (1), North Carolina (2), Pennsylvania (2), Rhode Island (2), South Carolina (1) and Virginia (1), various denominations (several in “Spanish milled dollars”), dated 1771-1786. All less than 4" x 3". A generally attractive collection of all the original 13 colonies except New Hampshire in mostly decent condition (VG to VF), the NC and SC notes a bit scarce and somewhat valuable, no major damage except that the NY note is torn and literally pinned to a piece of contemporaneous newspaper (so-called “pin money”), the whole lot worth a serious look from resellers. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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treasury certificates, dated January 16 and December 12, 1777, in the amount of 10 pounds each. Anderson MA-4. 7-3/4" x 61/2" and 6-1/2" x 6". These

certificates were issued to fund the Revolutionary War, each with embossed seal on the value and trimmed in haphazard fashion within a design in the left margin in order to match up with its stub upon redemption, whereupon the signature of the Treasurer (H. Gardner) was X’d out, F-VF condition with light folding. Estimate: $400-$600.

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1938. Massachusetts Bay Treasury loan certificate, dated December 1, 1777, in the amount of 135 pounds, 13 shillings, serial #4451. Anderson MA-10. 9" x 8". The most popular type of fiscal paper from the Revolutionary period due to its elaborate engraving and the vignette of a Continental soldier with a raised sword surrounded by a rattlesnake, all engraved by Nathaniel Hurd, a contemporary of Paul Revere. The amount is embossed with a seal and the left margin is trimmed in a haphazard fashion within a design in order to match up with its stub upon redemption, whereupon the signature of the Treasurer (H. Gardner) was X’d out. The certificate was payable to a Moses Brown, a colonial merchant and philanthropist whose biography the consignor has included. Nice Fine with slight foxing, folding and pinhole near center. Estimate: $400-$600. 1939. Massachusetts Bay Treasury loan certificate, dated December 1, 1777, in the amount of 36 pounds, serial #2648. Anderson MA-10. 9" x 8". The most popular type of fiscal paper from the Revolutionary period due to its elaborate engraving and the vignette of a Continental soldier with a raised sword surrounded by a rattlesnake, all engraved by Nathaniel Hurd, a contemporary of Paul Revere. The amount is embossed with a seal and the left margin is trimmed in a haphazard fashion within a design in order to match up with its stub upon redemption, whereupon the signature of the Treasurer (H. Gardner) was X’d out. The certificate was payable to Jonathan Hale. Choice VF with handwritten calculations in the margin. Estimate: $700-$1,000. 1940. State of Massachusetts Bay Treasury third-class lottery certificate, dated June 1, 1779, in the amount of 15 pounds, serial #2093. Anderson MA-15. 5-3/4" x 9-1/2". Choice VF, the amount embossed with a seal and the left margin trimmed haphazardly, signature of Treasurer H. Gardner X’d out at redemption, also signed by committeemen J. Scollay and Edward Green. Estimate: $500-$750. 1941. State of Massachusetts Bay Treasury second moiety lottery certificate, dated July 20, 1779, in the amount of 150 pounds, serial #4. Anderson MA-19. 5-3/4" x 9-1/2". Nice Fine with folds and pinholes, the amount embossed with a seal and the left margin trimmed haphazardly, signature of Treasurer H. Gardner X’d out at redemption, also signed by committeemen Stephen Minot and J. Mascarene, with “Maj. Bradish” (a known officer) handwritten at top, rare issue (R6 in Anderson) with a very low serial number. Estimate: $700$1,000. 1942. Lot of 2 State of Massachusetts Bay Treasury second moiety lottery certificates, dated July 20, 1779, in the amount of 100 pounds each, consecutive serial numbers 49 and 50. Anderson MA-19. 5-3/4" x 9" each. As usual, these certificates bear an embossed seal over the amounts and have haphazard left-margin trimming and X’s over the signature of Treasurer H. Gardner from redemption, both also signed by Stephen Minot and J. Mascarene, with “Capt Moore” (on #49) and “ Capt D Field” (on #50) handwritten at top, rare issue (R6 in Anderson) with fairly low and desirably sequential serial numbers, both Fine or so with minor pinholes, folds and light foxing. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

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1943. Massachusetts Bay commodity bond, dated January 1, 1780, in the amount of 73 pounds, 18 shillings, 1 penny, serial #802. Anderson MA-20. 5" x 10-3/4". Linking its value to commodities like corn and beef, bonds like this were authorized to cover the depreciation of pay received by Continental soldiers and sailors, with embossed seal over value, curved-cut left-hand margin and X’s over signature of Treasurer H. Gardner from redemption, this specimen also signed by committeemen M. Dawes and R. Cranch, payable to Jonathan Mehurin, and engraved by J.M. Furnass, whose name is clearly printed at bottom. Nice Fine with folds, rare (R6 in Anderson) and possibly more so in that the due date of March 1, 1785, is outside the range stated by Anderson (1781-84). Estimate: $350-$500.

1945. Massachusetts Bay commodity bond, dated January 1, 1780, in the amount of 615 pounds, serial #12682. Anderson MA-22. 5-1/2" x 10-3/4". Linking its value to commodities like corn and beef, bonds like this were authorized to cover the depreciation of pay received by Continental soldiers and sailors, with embossed seal over value, curved-cut left-hand margin and X’s over signature of Treasurer H. Gardner from redemption, this specimen also signed by committeeman M. Dawes, payable to Lieut Abner Graves, VF with light folds, with “For Abner Graves” and “Lt Abner Graves, B17/11…” handwritten on back. Estimate: $400-$600.

1944. Massachusetts Bay commodity bond, dated January 1, 1780, in the amount of 1060 pounds, serial #10655. Anderson MA-22. 5" x 11". Linking its value to commodities like corn and beef, bonds like this were authorized to cover the depreciation of pay received by Continental soldiers and sailors, with embossed seal over value, curved-cut left-hand margin and X’s over signature of Treasurer H. Gardner from redemption, this specimen also signed by committeemen M. Dawes and R. Cranch, payable to Ensn William Hildreth, VF with light folds, with faint “First Year Interest paid £63...12” handwritten near right edge on front and “Wm Hildrith, 1317/ 44, March 1 1783…£112.4.3...” handwritten on back. Estimate: $400-$600.

1946. Lot of 2 State of Massachusetts Bay fourth class lottery notes, dated February 5, 1780, in the amount of 15 pounds each, consecutive serial numbers 465 and 466. Anderson MA-16. 6" x 9-1/4" each. Generally Fine, with light folds and/or tears and pinholes, both typically embossed over the value and curve-cut on the left side for redemption, indicated by X’s on the signature of Treasurer H. Gardner, both also signed by committeemen J. Scollay and Edward Green, somewhat rare according to Anderson (high R6). Estimate: $400-$600.

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1947. Lot of 5 Commonwealth of Massachusetts Treasury certificates, dated January 1, 1782, various amounts from 6 pounds 6 shillings 7 pence to 17 pounds 3 shillings, various serial numbers. Each about 7" x 7". Nice F-VF with only light folding and foxing, all typically embossed over value and haphazardly cut on left side for matchup at redemption, also with cancellation holes in center, each signed by Treasurer Alex Hodgdon and either R. Cranch or M. Dawes as committeemen, with various post-issue handwriting near sides and on backs, similar to Anderson MA-31 but with different Treasurer (not Gardner or Ivers). Estimate: $700-$1,000. 1948. Lot of 2 Commonwealth of Massachusetts Treasury certificates, dated January 1, 1782, in the amounts of 7 pounds 14 shillings 3 pence and 18 pounds 14 shillings 3 pence, serial numbers 145 and 2066 respectively. Each about 7" x 7". Fine or better, with folds, typically embossed over value and haphazardly cut on left side for matchup at redemption, no cancellation holes, signed by Treasurers H. Gardner (#145) and Thomas Ivers (#2066) and M. Dawes as committeeman, the first payable to Eleazer Whitney, whose name is on the back as well, as Anderson MA-31 except for the number range (not 1001-5000), and the second payable to Richard Pattin and rare as attributable to Anderson MA-30 (R6). Estimate: $400-$600.

1949. Lot of 5 Commonwealth of Massachusetts Treasury tax collector’s certificates, one dated November 7, 1782, and the rest dated April 1, 1786, various amounts from 3 pounds to 9 pounds 6 shillings, various serial numbers. Anderson MA-36-38. Approx. 6" x 4" each. Like all the various fiscal notes, each of these certificates bears a seal over the value and an unevenly cut left side for matching up at redemption, signified on the 1782 piece by X’s over the signature of Treasurer Thomas Ivers and on the 1786 pieces by central cancellation holes, all Fine or better with light folds and tears and handwriting, the 1782 piece desirable as a very low serial number (#6). Estimate: $350-$500.

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“Broken banknotes”

1950. Lot of 13 US “broken banknotes” in denominations of 50 cents to $10 each, dated from 1810 to 1871. From 4-3/ wide range of notes from various 19thcentury institutions such as Mechanics Savings & Loan, Merchants and Planters Bank, Central Mining Co., Western & Atlantic RR, etc., plus one Mississippi state note, all well used, VG or so on average, but no big problems. Estimate: $300$450. 4" x 2" to 7" x 3" each. A

Various countries

1951. Lot of 10 late-1800s and early-1900s banknotes from around the world, including Germany (100 mark, 1920; 10,000 mark 1922 [4]), Mexico (1 peso, 1889), Philippines (5 pesos, 1922, stamped VICTORY), and Russia (100 rubles, 1910 [2]; 500 rubles, 1912). From 6-1/4" x 2-3/4" to 103/4" x 5" each. Some VG (Philippines and Mexico) and some near Mint (Russia and Germany), nothing overly valuable, just an eclectic mix. Estimate: $70-$100.

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Session VI: Thursday, April 28, 2011, 4:00 p.m. EDT Shipwreck Artifacts “Hoi An hoard,” sunk in the late 1400s off Vietnam 1952. Lot of 6 Chinese blue-on-white porcelain lidded power-boxes with original auction tags and certificates. Approx. 70-100 grams and 2" in diameter each. A nice mix of types, all flat-topped, all spherical except for one cylindrical, most with landscape scene on top but one with sun and one with flower, most a good match of top and bottom (as the individual pieces rarely stayed together on the wreck), most fully intact except for a few with small chips, all with original certificates. With original Christie’s/ VISAL lot tags and certificates #54040, 73914, 49260, 10492, 17778 and 44041/72767 (last one mismatched). Estimate: $300-$450.

Unidentified 1400s-1500s wreck off Luuk Island, Philippines

1953. Long-neck “blanc-de-chine” Chinese porcelain vase, Ming Dynasty. 843 grams; 8-1/2" tall, 5" in diameter. A lovely bulbous vase with long, flared neck and flat base, all white under glaze (typically crackled), perfectly intact but with a large oyster shell protruding from the top and a film of coral on the bottom, with official sticker from the Philippines National Museum (establishing authenticity and legitimacy). Estimate: $200-$300.

“Cidade Velha shipwrecks,” sunk in the late 1500s off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

1954. Lot of 3 brass crucifixes. 9.9 grams total; 1-1/2" each. One intact but 2 slightly broken, all corroded and worn but with clear Christ figure, each one curiously a different color of brass. With Arqueonautas certificates #AGO-050/98/899+993. Estimate: $100$150. 375


“Wild Horse River wreck,” sunk ca. 1620 in the Rio de la Plata off Colonia, Uruguay 1955. Lot of dozens of small, high-quality natural emeralds 8.0 carats total; up to 5 mm each. All dark green, some in a nice crystalline shape, with good opacity, but all small and useful only in groups (not piece by piece). Estimate: $250$375.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

1956. Clump of 10 cob 8R encrusted onto a ballast stone. 2956 grams; approx. 7" x 6" x 4". One of the best artifacts to be found from the Atocha, clearly quite rare as almost all coins were thoroughly cleaned, these here completely “biscuitized” in black oxidation with shelly white encrustation (no details visible), veritably clinging to one corner of a big gray piece of rock, a large and impressive display like nothing we have ever seen before from this most-popular shipwreck! With original Fisher photo-certificate #85A-A326. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

1957. High-quality natural emerald, 3.18 carats. 8 mm. Dark green rock, somewhat opaque but not “washed out” like most, also a good size for an Atocha emerald, in fact a premium piece. With original Fisher tag and photo-certificate #4312. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1958. High-quality natural emerald, 1.46 carats. 5 to 8 mm. Deeply green and somewhat translucent crystal, not “washed out” like most, one of the better emeralds for its size from this wreck. With original Fisher tag and photo-certificate #4239. Estimate: $500-$750. 1959. High-quality natural emerald, 0.89 carat. 5 to 7 mm. Green and somewhat translucent, with whitish encrustation on exterior but not “washed out” like most from this wreck, nice for its size. With original Fisher tag and photo-certificate #902. Estimate: $350-$500.

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1960. Lot of 27 small, natural emeralds, total of approx. 40 carats. 3 to 13 mm each. Typical specimens from this wreck, with much white inclusion and encrustation (“washed out”) but still with decent green color, in a range of sizes up to 8.0 carats, a super lot for individual resale. With original Fisher tags and 10 original certificates with representative photos. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

1961. Silver, two-handled bowl.

319 grams; 7-1/4"

diameter, 1-1/2" deep. Impressively full bowl with intact handles and narrow rim at top, just a few small holes here and there but otherwise complete and undamaged, no discernible markings, great display, a significant artifact from the most popular shipwreck. With Fisher photo-certificate #85A-A497. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1962. Intact iron cannonball (10-pounder), professionally conserved. 9 lb 15 oz; 4" in diameter. Solid and black, the surface a bit rough and flaky but not rusty. With original Fisher photo-certificate. Estimate: $250-$375. 1963. Lot of 3 items: one cylindrical silver candlestick part, one small finial (probably from a candlestick), and one lead musketball, original certificate missing. 59 grams total; up to 1". The finial and candlestick part fit together and are in an excellent state of preservation (just incomplete); the musketball is just a useful go-with. Estimate: $50-$75. 1964. Fragments of iron from the ship’s anchor. 2.2 grams total. At the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Museum in Key West you can see the Atocha’s huge iron anchor on display, the same anchor from which these small pieces of rust originated (probably fell off). Estimate: $35-$50.

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Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida 1965. Gold chain, 277 simple links, 91.2 grams. 37A useful length of original chain in high-grade gold (probably 22K), heavier than it looks, in fact identical in design but longer than a chain from the same wreck that sold in the 1988 Christie’s auction (lot #171) for $26,000 + buyer’s fee! With Fisher photocertificate #07M-83756 and original plastic tag. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000. 3/4" long,

Unidentified Spanish wreck of the 1600s in the lower Florida Keys 1966. Brass pocket sundial ring, rare. 3.4 grams; 1-1/4" in diameter. A very small but intact specimen in

darkly patinated brass, with all the numbers on the outer ring clear, just missing the raised part that cast a shadow, interesting as an early form of pocket watch. Estimate: $70-$100.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island 1967. Huge lead sounding weight. 20 lb; 19" x 2". This is by far the longest and heaviest sounding lead we have ever offered, clearly for plumbing only the deepest seas, with “XVIIII,,” marked near bottom, eyelet at top, hollow cavity on bottom for holding wax (to sample the sand), octagonal cross-section, very lightly encrusted. With original Humphreys photo-certificate. Estimate: $400-$600. 1968. Large lead sounding weight. 12 lb; 14" x 1-3/4". Long, slender lead of octagonal cross-section with usual cavity in bottom and eyelet at top, with leather or cloth rope remains inside the eyelet, marking of XI scratched 4 times down its length, lightly encrusted. With original Humphreys photo-certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

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HMS Winchester, sunk in 1695 in the Florida Keys

1969. Bronze navigational dividers featured in the December, 1977, issue of National Geographic magazine and also on the cover of Weller’s book Galleon Hunt (1992). 46.2 grams; 4-1/2" x 1-5/8". Perfectly intact and functional (just a little bent) with sharp points, excellent multiple pedigree, sure to be a popular item with bidders who want a one-of-a-kind “cover specimen” from a well-known treasure book, this one being the story of Art McKee and Florida Keys salvage. With the book Galleon Hunt (1992), on the cover of which this piece is featured, plus a CD of the December, 1977, National Geographic magazine. Estimate: $2,500-$3,250.

1970. Gold and ivory pocket sundial featured in the December, 1977, issue of National Geographic magazine. 10.3 grams; 2" x 1-1/4". Intriguing piece consisting of a gold medallion mounted on the center of an engraved rectangular section of dark red ivory, with one corner broken and glued and the whole piece somehow coated, imparting dark stains on the gold (clearly done after the National Geographic article, as the picture there shows clean gold and no repair), with small knob and tiny hole in corner for carrying on a thread, a small but significant object with important pedigree. With Bob “Frogfoot” Weller photo-certificate (hand signed), plus a CD and color photocopy of the National Geographic magazine in which it was featured. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Henrietta Marie, sunk in 1700 off Marquesas Key, southwest of Key West, Florida 1971. Ornate “Royal Portrait” pewter spoon, British, William III, in silver-base display with original orangeplastic sign and certificate, rare and important provenance. 650 grams total (43 grams for just the spoon); 8-1/2" x 3". A very elegant spoon (pied-de-biche type, trifid handle), with crowned head of William III at end, circular maker’s mark with S-B and asterisk for Stephen Bridges of London on bottom near bowl, the underside of which is ornately designed, even gray color with spots of white. While some 131 spoons were recovered from this wreck, only 72 were of this Royal Portrait design, and this is one of the finest of those recovered, now elegantly housed in a display that contains over 1 lb of sterling silver in its base. The Henrietta Marie was heavily touted by the Fisher organization as the first and only slave ship found and salvaged and therefore of utmost archeological importance. Housed in a Plexiglas tube with silver base, with plastic display sign and Treasure Salvors certificate #548-2. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

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Unidentified 1600s-1700s wreck

1972. Ornate, skull-shaped clay pipe with cuprous stem. Surely the coolest clay pipe ever, with fully intact (lightly stained) bowl in the design of a complete skull, joined to the stem with a leaf design, the copper connector green and crusty from salvage. Estimate: $125-$200. 38.8 grams; 2-1/2".

Unidentified 1600s-1700s wreck in the Mediterranean 1973. Brass navigational dividers with hallmarks.

9.9 grams; 2-5/8".

Small, plain dividers with sharp points and fully operational, a little pitted but nice brass color. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida 1974. Gold toothpick in the form of a scimitar with loop and pelican at top. 8.3 grams; 2" long. The ultimate accessory for the wealthy Spanish traveler, in high-grade gold (22K), its top design depicting the legendary “pelican in her piety,� an important Catholic symbol showing the bird with beak pointed at her chest, with wings half folded at her sides. (This emblem has been in the news recently, as a 5.5" version of it was found last year and heavily publicized by Fleet salvager Bonnie Schubert.) With no bends or breaks, this toothpick is in excellent condition save for some minor scratches on the blade and bits of wormy encrustation here and there. With Pearson photo-certificate. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

1975. About half of an ornate silver bulb. 67.8 grams; 3" in diameter. Spherical item with 3/4" neck (holed) at top, thin body

with ornately engraved and bright silver surfaces (one small piece broken off), a mysterious object that looks for all the world like a Christmas tree ornament but probably had some religious purpose in its time. Estimate: $200-$300.

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