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‫‪ 19‬ﻛﺘﺒــﺮ ‪2010‬‬

‫ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮ   ﻋﺘﺼﺎﺑﺎ  ﺳﺮ ﺳــﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎ  ﻣﻪ  ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﺗﻮ ﺑﺮ ‪ $‬ﺗﺤﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻛﺎﮔﺮ‪ ،$‬ﺣﺰ ( ﭼﭗ‪  ،‬ﺗﺸــﻜﻞﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ ﻏﻴﺮ‪ 8  8‬ﺧﺮ‪ 0 9‬ﺑﺤﺮ  ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪ‪ 8‬ﻛﺮ‪ .‬ﺧﻼﺻﺔ ﻛﻼ‪ 3‬ﻣﺮ‪ ،0‬ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ  ‪ ...‬ﺟﻤﻬﻮ‪ $‬ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺎ‪  $‬ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎﺋﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﭼﭗ  ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺳــﺖ  ﺳــﺘﻰ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﮔﺬ ﺷــﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷــﺮ ﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﺎﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ » ‪ 8‬ﺧﺮ‪ 0 «9‬ﺑﺤﺮ ﻧﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻓﺮﻳﺨﺘﻦ ﻳﻮ  ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ‪ $‬ﭼﭗﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑــﻰ  ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮ ‪ ،8L 8‬ﺑﻴﺶ ‪ 0‬ﻳﻦﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮ‪I‬‬


‫ﺧﻮ ﻫﺪ ﻧﺠﺎﻣﻴﺪ‪  .‬ﺷــﺮ ﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ  ﺳﺘﮕﺮ ‪ $‬ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ‬ ‫ ﭘــﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ P  0‬ﻣﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ »ﻣﻜﺮ ﺗﻴﻚ« ﻋﺎﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ 8‬ﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ‪  ،‬ﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻼ‬ ‫»ﭼﭗ ﺳــﻤﻰ«  ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺒﺎ‪ I‬ﺗﺤﻮﻻ ﻣﻰﻛﺸــﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴــﺐ ﻫﺮ‪3‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻛﻨﺘــﺮ‪ I‬ﺑﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ   ﻳــﺪ ﺧﺘﻴﺎ ﺧﻮ ﻧﮕﺎ‪8‬‬ ‫ ﻧﺪ‪  .‬ﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮ‪ 0‬ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ ﻣﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﮕﺬ ﻳﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪﻳﺰ‪ $‬ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﭗ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻳﺸﻪ  »ﻛﻤﻮ ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺲ«  ﺗﺤﻮﻻ ﺳــﺎ‪I‬ﻫﺎ‪  1800 $‬ﻣﺤﻼ ﻓﻘﻴﺮﻧﺸــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻨــﺪ  ﻟﻴﻮﭘــﻮ‪   I‬ﺗﺎ ﻟﻨﻴﻨﻴﺴــﻢ  ﻳــﺎ ﺳﺘﺎﻟﻴﻨﻴﺴــﻢ! ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻟﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﭼــﭗ ﻓﻮ‪ c‬ﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﺮﻏﻢ ﺿﺮﺑﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮ‪ $‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ ‪ 0‬ﺟﺎﻧــﺐ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪$‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺣﺎﻛﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺗﺒﺎ‪d‬‬ ‫ ﻧــﺪ ‪   3‬ﺗﺎﻳﺨﻰ ﺧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﻛﺎﮔﺮ‪  $‬ﺧﺮ‪8‬ﭘﻴﺸــﻪ‪$‬‬ ‫»ﺳﺨﺖﺟﺎ ﺗﺮ« ‪ 0‬ﭼﭗﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮ‪.8‬‬

‫ ﻳﻦ  ﺳــﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺧﻼﺻﻪ ‪ 0 $‬ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪ $‬ﻣﺮ ﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮ‪» $‬ﭼﭗ«  ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ  ﺋﻪ  ‪  .‬ﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺧﻼ[ ﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻬﺎ ‪» ،‬ﭼﭗ« ﻧﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺳــﺎ‪ Y‬ﺗﺌﻮ‪$‬ﻫﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻧﺪ ‪ 0‬ﻧــﻪ  ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻼ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﺋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﺎً  ﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﺗﻨﮕﺎﺗﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺎ‪  $‬ﻣﻠﻤــﻮ‪ Y‬ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﻛﺎﮔﺮ‪  $‬ﺧﺮ‪8‬ﭘﻴﺸــﻪ‪$‬‬

‫ ﻳﻦ »ﭼﭗ« ﻃﻰ ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺎ  ‪ 0‬ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ‪» 0‬ﻛﻤﻮ ﭘﺎﻳﺲ« ‪L‬ﻏﺎ‪ 0‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪L‬ﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺎ‪8‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺟﻨﮓ ‪ 3‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ  ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﻳﺖ ﺧﻮ‬ ‫  ﻣﻪ  ‪ ،8‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻫﻴﭽﮕﺎ‪ 8‬ﻗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻜﻴﻢ ﻣﻮ ﺿﻊ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ‬ ‫ ﺳﺘﺮ ﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺧﻮ   ﺧﻞ  ﺧﺎ‪ 9‬ﻣﺮ‪0‬ﻫﺎ ﻧﺒﻮ‪.8‬‬


‫ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎ ﺟﻨﮓ ‪ 3‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‪8  ،‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺳﺘﺮ ﺗﮋﻳﻚ ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺐ ﭘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ  ﻳﻜﺎ‪ I‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ » .‬ﻣﭙﺮ ﺗﻮ‪$‬ﻫﺎ«‬ ‫ ‪ 0‬ﻣﻴﺎ ﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮ‪L .‬ﻧﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺪ ‪ 0 » c‬ﺣﻠﺐ ﺗﺎ ﻛﺎﺷﻐﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪ ﺳﻠﻄﺎ ﺳــﻨﺠﺮ ﺳﺖ«‪ ،‬ﻏﺮ( ‪L‬ﻓﺘﺎ( ﻣﭙﺮ ﺗﻮ‪$‬‬ ‫ ﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎ  ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸــﻢ ﻧﻤﻰﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪  ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎ ﺟﻨﮓ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﺟﺪ ﺋﻰ ﻫﻨﺪ  ﺳﭙﺲ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎ‪ $‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖﺗﺮ  ﻛﻢ ﻫﻤﻴﺖﺗﺮ ‪  0‬ﻣﺎ ‬ ‫ ﻳــﻦ ﻣﭙﺮ ﺗﻮ‪L ،$‬ﻓﺘــﺎ( ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ‪ 0‬ﺑﺮ ‪ $‬ﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴــﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺮ( ﻣﻰﻛﺮ! ‪ 0‬ﻃﺮ[ ﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﻜﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮ‪  8‬ﻋﻠﻨﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ h $‬ﺑﺎ ‪L‬ﻟﻤﺎ ﻧﺎ‪ $0‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻼ‪  I‬ﺟﺒﺮ ﻣﭙﺮﻳﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺧﻮ  ‪ 0‬ﺳﺖ  ‪ 8‬ﺑﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢ  ﻏﻢ ﻫﻴﺌﺖ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﺔ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻦ ﺑﻮ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮ ﺳــﻴﻄﺮ‪ P‬ﭘﺎﻳﺲ  ﺑﺮ ﺳــﻮ ﺣﻞ ﺟﻨﻮ( ﻣﺪﻳﺘﺮ ﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﻤﻮ! ﺳﻮ ﺣﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎ‪ I‬ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎ ﺟﻨﮓ‬ ‫‪ ،3‬ﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ‪ 0‬ﭼﻨﮕﺎ‪ I‬ﭘﺎﻳﺲ ﮔﺮﻳﺨﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻰ ﺑﺮ ‪L $‬ﻟﻤﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ‪ 0‬ﺑﻌﺎ ﻳﮕﺮ‪ $‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮ  ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪L‬ﻟﻤــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮ ﮔﻬﻮ ‪ P‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢ ‪0‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳﺘــﻰ ﺗﺎﻳﺨﻰ  ﻓﻠﺴــﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮ  ﺑــﻮ‪  ،‬ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻞ ﺷــﻐﺎ‪ I‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﺶ ﻧﺎﺗﻮ  ﺣﻀﻮ ﮔﺴﺘﺮ‪P‬‬ ‫ ﺗﺶﻫﺎ‪  $‬ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺎ‪3‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪  $‬ﺧﺎ‪ j‬ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﺤﺮ‪ j‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﺖ  ‪ L‬ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻛﻮ(‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎ‪3‬‬ ‫»ﻫﻤﺰﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻤﺖ‪L‬ﻣﻴﺰ« ﻣﻄﺮ‪ k‬ﻣﻰﺷﻮ  ‪L 0‬ﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ  ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎً ‪L‬ﻟﻤﺎ ﻓﺪ ‪ I‬ﻗﺮ  ﺑﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫»ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪  «$‬ﺗﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻠﺸﻮﻳﺴﻢ ‪ Y‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺗﺤــﺮﻛﺎ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ   ﻛﻤﺎ‪ I‬ﺗﻌﺠﺐ‬ ‫ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ‪L‬ﻟﻤﺎ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ!  ﻃﺮ‪» k‬ﻫﻤﺰﻳﺴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﻟﻤﺖ‪L‬ﻣﻴﺰ« ﭼﻨﺪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 0‬ﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻳﮋ‪ 8‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮ  ﺑﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ » ‪8‬ﻫﺎ‪ «$‬ﺟﻨﮓ ﺳﺮ ﺑﺪ ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭽﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻗﻴﺪ  ﺷــﺮﻃﻰ » ﺣﺘﺮ ‪ «3‬ﮔﺬ ﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ‪8‬ﻫﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺗﻮ ﻓﻘﺎ ﭘﻴﻤﺎ ‪L‬ﺗﻼﻧﺘﻴﻚ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﻤﺎ ‬ ‫ﺷﻮ ﺑﻮ؛  ﺣﺪ‪ ،$‬ﭼﻪ ﭼﭗ‪  ،‬ﭼﻪ  ﺳﺖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻪ ‪0‬ﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺌﻮ ‪ I‬ﺑﺮ ﺷﺎ  ﻧﺪ ﺷﺖ!‬ ‫ ﮔﺎ‪ 3‬ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺧﻂ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﻠﺸﻮﻳﺴــﻢ »‪ «Y‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ »ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠﺐ« ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ‬

‫»ﺧﻂ ﻓﺎﺻﻞ« ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮ ﺣﺖ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﻛﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ‬ ‫ ﭘﺎﺋﻰ ﺣﻖ ﻟﻬﺎ‪ 0 3‬ﻣﻮﺿﻊﮔﻴﺮ‪$‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻟﻨﻴﻨﻴﺴﻢ  ﻳﺎ ﺑﻠﺸﻮﻳﺴﻢ‬ ‫ ﻧﺪ ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎ ﺳــﺎ‪8‬ﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ‪0‬ﻳﺮ ﺳﺌﻮ ‪ I‬ﺑﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺑــﺰ  ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ  ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ ﭘﺎﺋﻰ »ﻣﻤﻨﻮ‪«o‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻮ! ﺑــﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ   ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺎﻣ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ﺳــﺘﺮ ﺗﮋﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻤــﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ  ﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎ ﻧﻤﺮ‪ ،$0‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ‬ ‫ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ »ﻣﺤﺪ« ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ!‬ ‫ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻰﻗﻴﺪﺷــﺮ‪ d‬ﻛﺘﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺑﻮ ﻛــﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎ ‪L‬ﺗﻼﻧﺘﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻳﻜﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮ‪0   ،‬ﻣﻴﻨــﺔ ﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎ  ﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴــﻞ ﭘﻴﺮ‪» 0 $‬ﻛﻼ ـ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ‪ «$‬ﻧﺎﺗﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺎ‪ d‬ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﻳﺞ ﺑﺎ ﻳﺸــﻪﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺗﺎﻳﺨﻰ ‪ h‬ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺎ ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺑﻀﺎﻋﺖﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺷــﻬﺮ‪ ،$‬ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮ‪ L ،$‬ﻧﮕﺎﻳﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺮ‪  ...  $‬ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎً ﺧﺮ‪8‬ﭘﻴﺸــﻪ ﺑﻮ ‪ 0‬ﺳــﺖ ﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺮ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻼ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪ 0‬ﺋﺪ‪ $ 8‬ﺑﺮ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﺳﺖ ﺳﺖ  ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪.$‬‬ ‫ ﻳﻦ ﺿﻌﻴﺖ ‪ 0‬ﺟﻮ ﻧﺐ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎ ﻧﻤﺮ‪  $0‬ﻓﺮ ﻣﺮ‪$0‬‬ ‫  ﭼﺎﭼﻮ(  ﺑﻂ ﺟﻨﮓﺳــﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑــﺮ‪ 8L‬ﻣﻰﻛﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺤــﺖ ﻋﻨــﻮ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻳﻚ »ﻣﻜﺮ ﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ«  ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻧﻈﺎ‪ 3‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﻣﻄﻠﻖ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ 8‬ﺑﻮ   ﻗﻠﺐ ‪ L‬ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻼ »ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﺖ« ‪ 0‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ ﻟﻬﺎﻣﺎ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ  ﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ  ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ‪ $‬ﺧﻮ ﻇﻴﻔﻪ ‪ $‬ﺟﺰ »ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ« ﻏﻨﺎﺋﻢ ﺟﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫  ﻣﺮ‪ 0‬ﻗﺎﺋﻞ ﻧﺒﻮ! ﻳﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ  ﺟﻨﮓﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺧﻮﻧﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ  ﻏﺮ(  ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺳــﺮﻛﻮﺑﮕﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺳﺎﻻ‪$‬‬ ‫ ﭼﺎﮔﻮﺷــﺔ ﺟﻬــﺎ ﺑــﻪ  ‪ 8‬ﻧﺪ ﺧﺘﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ‬ ‫»ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠــﺐ« ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﮔﻮﻳﺎ ﻫﻴﭽــﻜﺎ‪ 8‬ﺑﻮ! ﻳﻨﺎ ﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎ‪  8‬ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ  ﺑﻬﺪ ﺷــﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ  ﺿﺎﻓﻪﺣﻘﻮ‪ c‬ﻛﺎﮔﺮ ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮ  ‪s‬ﻛﺮ‪ $‬ﻧﺪ ﺷﺘﻨﺪ! ‪ 0‬ﻃﺮ[ ﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺴﺨﺮ‪$ 8‬‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ  ﻃﺮ [ ﺧﻮ ﺑﻪ  ‪ 8‬ﻧﺪ ﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻠﺸﻮﻳﺴــﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﺒﺪ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻜﺎ ﻣﻰ  ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻜﻴﻢ ﺳــﺘﺒﺪ  ﺳﺘﺎﻟﻴﻨﻴﺴــﺘﻰ  ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ  ‪ 8‬ﻧﺠﺎ‬


‫ﺑﺸــﺮﻳﺖ ‪ 0‬ﺗﻮﺣﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺳــﺎﻻ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﻪ ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮ‪ c‬ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎ ﻛﺮﻣﻠﻴﻦ ﺑﮕﺬ ‪ .‬ﻟﻰ ﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮ ﻳﻂ ﺑﺮ ‪$‬‬ ‫‪L‬ﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻳﮕﺮ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮ ‪ 8L 8‬ﺑﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﭘﺎﻳــﺎ ﺟﻨﮓ ‪ 0 3‬ﻃﺮ[ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮ »ژ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪«$‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﺪ‪  ،‬ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﺔ ﻓﺸﺎ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﺖﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻛﻼ ﺑﺮ ‪L‬ﻣﺪﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪$‬‬ ‫ ﭘــﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ  ﻋﻤﻞ ‪0‬ﻣﻴﻨﺔ ﻓﺮ  ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮ‪$‬‬ ‫‪L‬ﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ $‬ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ  ﻓﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰ‪  .L‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ »ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ« ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ  ﻛﻼ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ  ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪L‬ﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮ ﻃﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎً ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮ‪ $‬ﺟﻨﺎ‪k‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺣﺰ( ﻣﻜﺮ  ﺗﻮ ﻧﺴــﺖ ‪ 0‬ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﺔ ﺳــﺘﺎﺋﻰ  ﺑﺴــﻴﺎ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻓﺘﺎ‪ 8‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪  8‬ﺗﺤــﻮﻻ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮ‪ ،$‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺟﻬﺎ ﻏﺮ( ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻮ ﺷــﺘﺎﺑﺰ‪ 8‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺎ‪ d‬ﻧــﺪ ‪  3‬ﻧﻈﺎ‪3‬ﻫﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﻏﺮ( ﺑﺎ ‪L‬ﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺎ  ﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ »ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠﺐ« ﺧﻮ ﻧﺪﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺗﺒﻨﺪ‪،$‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻓﺮﭘﺎﺷﻰ ﻳﻮ  ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ ﺧﻮ   ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﻌﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎ ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ  ﺑﻂ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻛﺮ‪ .‬ﻟﻰ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ ‪ 0‬ﻓﺮﻳﺨﺘﻦ ﻳﻮ  ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ  ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺷﺮ ﻳﻂ‬ ‫»ﺟﻨﮓﺳﺮ« ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺻﻮﺗﺒﻨﺪ‪ $‬ﻓﻮ‪ c‬ﺑﺮ ﺟﻮ ﻣﻊ ﭘﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺟﺪ‪ $‬ﺑﺮ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ‪ 0‬ﻣﻴﺎ ﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﺸﻮﻳﺴﻢ ‪ ،Y‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮ ﺣﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮ‪ P‬ﺳــﺘﺮ ﺗﮋﻳﻚ  ﻓﺮ ﻣﺮ‪ $0‬ﺧﻮ  ‪ 0‬ﺳــﺖ  ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﺮ ﻣﺮ‪ $0‬ﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ‪ 0‬ﻣﻴﺎ ﻣﻰﻓﺖ‪  ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻮ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺮ ﺣﺰ( ﻛﺎﮔﺮ ﻧﮕﻠﺴــﺘﺎ ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺒﺮ‪ $‬ﺗﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻠﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺖ  ﺳﺖ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﻪﻛﺎﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ‪8‬ﻫــﺎ  ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻳﺎﻻ ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ‪u‬ﺳــﺎً ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﮓ‬ ‫ ﻋﺮ ‪  ،c‬ﺷــﻐﺎ‪ I‬ﺳــﺘﻌﻤﺎ‪ $‬ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸــﻮ ﮔﺬ ﺷﺖ!‬ ‫ﺧﻼﺻــﺔ ﻛﻼ‪ 3‬ﺣﺰ( ﻛﺎﮔﺮ ﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ‪ 0‬ﻛﻪ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ »ﺟﻨﮓﺳﺮ« ‪ 0‬ﻫﺒﺮ »ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠﺐ«‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﻮ!‬

‫ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ  ﺳــﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ »ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠﺐ« ‬ ‫ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ  ‪L‬ﻟﻤــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻻﺋﻞ ﺗﺎﻳﺨــﻰ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ ﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ‪ 0‬ﻓﺘﻀﺎﺣﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ  ﻳﻮﮔﺴــﻼ‪ $‬ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺪﻳــﺞ ﺻﺤﻨﺔ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ  ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎ ‬ ‫» ﺳﺖﮔﺮ ﻳﺎ‪$‬ﺷــﺎ «  ﮔﺬ ﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺘﻤﻪ ‪L‬ﺑﺮ‪ $‬ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪  8‬‬ ‫  ﺑﻂ ﻧﻤﺮ‪» $0‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬ ‪«$‬ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺳــﻴﺪ ﻓﺮ ‪ $‬ﭼﻮ ﺳــﺮﻛﻮ‪  $0‬ﻣﺮﻛﻞ‬ ‫ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ  ‪L‬ﻟﻤﺎ ؛ ﻓﺮ ‪ $‬ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ P‬ﺟﺮﻳﺎ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻧﻤﻰ‪L‬ﻳﻨﺪ‪  ،‬ﻟﺖﻫﺎ‪$‬ﺷﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫»‪L‬ﺟﻴﻞﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﮔﺸﺎ« ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻴﺌﺖ ﻟﺖ ﻣﺴﺌﻮ‪.I‬‬ ‫ ﻛﺜﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺎﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻳﻨﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺨﺪ‪h‬ﺗﺮ  ﻣﺒﻬﻢﺗﺮ ‪ L 0‬ﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮ ﺑــﺮ ‪ L‬ﻧﺎ‪ 3‬ﻳﻚ » ﻛﺜﺮﻳــﺖ ﭘﺎﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻜﺮ ﺗﻴﻚ«‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻰ ﻓﺮﭘﺎﺷــﻰ ﻳﻮ  ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ ‪ 0‬ﻣﻨﻈــﺮ ﻗﺘﺼﺎ‪  $‬ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺗﻰ  ﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘــﺲ ‪ 0‬ﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮ‪ I‬ﻓﻮ‪ c‬ﻟﻌــﺎ‪ 8‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺰﻳﻖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ  ﺑﺪﻧﺔ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﻳﺎﻻ ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ ﺷﻜﺎ‪ I‬ﺑﺮ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻳﮕﺮ ﻟﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ‪ $‬ﻳﻨﻜﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﻳﺪ! ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﻳﮕﺮ ‪ 0‬ﻳﻚ ﺳﺘﺮ ﺗﮋ‪ $‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﻣﺼﺮ[ ﺧﻮ  ‪ 0‬ﺳﺖ  ‪ 8‬ﺑﻮ ﭘﻴﺮ‪ $‬ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﻧﺪ ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺎً ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ »ﭘﺮﺳﻮﺗﺮﻳﻦ« ‪0‬ﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺟﻐﺮ ﻓﻴﺎﺋﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ  ﻧﺪ؛ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‪ $‬ﻛﻪ  ﭼﺎﭼﻮ( ﻣﻨﻄﻖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣ ً‬ ‫ﻼ »ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ« ﺳــﺖ! ﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ‪9‬ﮔﻴﺮ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ‪ $‬ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺒﻮ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎ ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‪ 0‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻮ‪ Y‬ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮ‪  j‬ﺷــﻴﻜﺎﮔﻮ  ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺮ ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻳﺎﻻ ﻣﺘﺤــﺪ  ﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻬﺎ  ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺨﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺸــﺮ  ﮔﺮ‪ 8‬ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ‪ 0‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ   ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ  ﺷﻜﺴــﺘﻪ ﻛــﺮ  ﮔــﺮ‪ 8‬ﻳﮕــﺮ‪  $‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫»ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮ ‪  «$‬ﻫﻰ ﺳــﻠﻮ‪I‬ﻫﺎ‪0 $‬ﻧــﺪ ﻧﻤﻮ‪ .‬ﻟﻰ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮ ‪ » $‬ﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﺋﻰ ‪  «$‬ﻣﻴﺎ ﻧﺒﻮ؛ ﻳﻦ ﻓﺮ  ﻫﻤﺎ ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮ ‪»  $ $‬ﺗﻜﺮ « ﻣﻰﻛﺮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﻰ »ﺟﻨﮓ ﺳﺮ«‬ ‫ ﻗﺘﺼﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﻏﺮ(  ‪  9‬ﺷــﺖ؛ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺷﺮ ﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻛﺮ‪ 8‬ﺑﻮ  ﺗﺰﻳﻖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻴﻮ‪ P‬ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎ(ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ ﻛﻤﺎ‪ I‬ﺗﻌﺠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ »ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠﺐ« ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ  ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻣﺤﻔﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻃﻰ ‪ 50‬ﺳﺎ‪I‬‬ ‫»ﺟﻨﮓﺳــﺮ« ﻳﺠﺎ ﺷــﺪ‪ 8‬ﺑﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺟﻴــﺢ   ﺑﺠﺎ‪ $‬ﻋﻼ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮ ﺿــﻊ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ  ﺗﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪0‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺤﻔﻞ ﻣﺤﺪ ﻛﺎ  ﺑﻪ ﺳﻜﻮ  ﻣﻤﺎﺷﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰ ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺪ! ﺧﻼﺻﺔ ﻛﻼ‪ 3‬ﻳﻦ »ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ«  ﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺣﺰ (‬ ‫»ﭼﭗ« ﻛﻪ  ﻗﻠﺐ ﻧﻈﺎ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﻏﺮ( ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮ ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎ  ﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﻫﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮ ﻳﺮ‪ 0‬ﺑــﻪ ﻳﻤﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﻒ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﺎ »ﻫﺎ  ﭘﻮﺗﻰ«‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮ‪ 0‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺧﻮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎ‪9‬‬ ‫ ‪ 0‬ﺣﻴﻄﺔ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻨﺸﻴﻨﻨﺪ؛  ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮ‪ $‬ﻫﻤﭽﻮ ﻓﺘﺘﺎ‪k‬‬ ‫‪L‬ﺑﺮﻳﺰﮔﺎ‪8‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ  ﻓﻼ ﺷﻬﺮ  ﺑﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﺤﻠﻪ ﺑﭙﺮ ‪0‬ﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ‪0 0‬ﻧﺔ » ﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻚ« ﺿﻌﻴﻒﺗﺮ‪ $‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮ  ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃــﻰ ﺳــﺎ‪I‬ﻫﺎﺋﻰ ﻛﻪ ‪ 0‬ﻓﺮﭘﺎﺷــﻰ ﻳــﻮ  ﺑﺮﻟﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﺬ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺧﻮ  ‪ 0‬ﺳــﺖ  ‪  ،8‬ﻫﺮ ‪ 0‬ﺑﻴﺶ ‪ 0‬ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺰ ﻛﺸــﺎﻧﺪ‪ 8‬ﻣﻰﺷــﻮ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ‪L‬ﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ ‪ 0‬ﻳﺮﺑﺎ‪  0‬ﻣﻴﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎ‪ 80 $0‬ﺑﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫ ﺗﺒــﺎ‪ d‬ﻧــﺪ ‪   3‬ﺗﺎﻳﺨﻰ ﺧﻮ  ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺮ ﻛﺰ » ﻟﻬﺎﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ« ﺑﻜﻠﻰ ‪ 0‬ﺳــﺖ  ‪  8‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻤﻰ‪L‬ﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ ﻣﻜﺎ ﺑﺎ‪0‬ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻳﻦ » ﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎ« ﺻﻮﻻً ﺟﻮ  ﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﭘﺎ‪ $‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻣﺮ‪  0‬ﭼﻨﮕﺎ‪ I‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪$‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺧﺸــﻦ ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺑﮕﺮ   ﺳﺘﮕﺮ ﺳﺖ  ﭘﺎ ﻣﻰ‪0‬ﻧﺪ‪  ،‬ﻣﺄﻣﻮﻳﺖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻛﻪ  ﺳــﺘﮕﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑــﺮ ‪ $‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ »ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠﺐ«‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴــﻢ ﻛﺮ‪ 8‬ﻧﺪ‪ 0 ،‬ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻼ ﻣﻮﺟﻮ »ﭼﭗ« ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻓﺮ ﺗﺮ ﻧﻤﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻋﺘﺮ ﺿــﺎ ﺗــﻮ‪  $ 8‬ﺟﻮ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻏﺮ( ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 0‬ﻫﻤﺮ ﻫﻰ  ﻫﻢﺻﺪ ﺋﻰ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻼ ﺳــﻤﻰ‬ ‫»ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﺖﻫﺎ«  ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﺎ ﻛﻤﻮﻧﻴﺴﺖﻫﺎ‪» $‬ﻟﺘﻰ«‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮ  ﻣﻰﺷﻮ!  ﺻﻮﺗﻴﻜﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺤﺮ ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ ﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ  ﻳﻮﻧﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ  ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺖﻫﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠــﺐ ﭘﺎﺋﻰ  ‪ 8‬ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮ ﺣﺖ ﻧﺸــﺎ  ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘــﻰ  ﻗﺪ ﺑــﻮ ﻳﻨــﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮ ﻧــﺪ ‪ 0‬ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ »ﻧﺴــﺨﻪ ‪  «h‬ﭘﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻧﮕﺎﺷﺘﻪ‬

‫ﭘﻴﺸــﮕﻴﺮ‪ $‬ﻛﻨﺪ! ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺻﻤﻴﻤﺎﻧﺔ ‪L‬ﻗﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫» ﺷﺘﺮ‪Y‬ﻛﺎ «‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ‪ 0‬ﻫﺒﺮ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﺖﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴﻪ‬ ‫ ﺋﻴﺲ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ »ﺻﻨﺪ‪ c‬ﺑﻴﻦ ﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮ‪ «I‬ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻛﻮ‪ $0‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻞ ﻃﺮ‪ k‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻗﻮ ﻧﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ‪0‬ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺳــﺖ! ﻳﺸﺎ ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮ ﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎ{ ﻟﻴــﺰ‪ 8‬ﺗﺒﺮﻳﻚ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ  ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﺖ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ  ﺳﺘﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺰ( ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺼــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎ  ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎ ﻫﺎ ﺧﻮ ﺳــﺘﺎ ﻟﻐﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻳﻦ‬ ‫»ﻃﺮ‪ «k‬ﺷﺪ‪!8‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻳﻦ ﺟﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮ‪  0‬ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎ ﭼﺸــﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴﻪ‬ ‫ ﺗﺤﻮﻻ ﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮ ﺧﻴﺮ‪ 8‬ﻣﺎﻧــﺪ‪ .8‬ﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻟﻴﻞ  ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ   ﻣﻘﺎ‪ 3‬ﮔﻬــﻮ ‪ P‬ﻧﻘﻼ( ﻛﺒﻴﺮ‪  ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮ ﻳﻜﻰ ‪ 0‬ﻋﻀﺎ‪  $‬ﺋﻢ ﺷــﻮ ‪ $‬ﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺳــﺎ‪0‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﻠﻞ‬ ‫ ‪ 0‬ﻣﻨﻈــﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻮﻧﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ  ﺣﺘﻰ ‪L‬ﻟﻤﺎ ‬ ‫ﻓﺪ ‪ I‬ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﺎ‪ Y‬ﻛﺸﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻮﻻ  ﻛﺸﻮ ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﻌﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮ ﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ  ﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﻫﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮ ﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ‪ L‬ﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑــﺪ‪ .‬ﻟــﻰ ﺗﺎ ‪0‬ﻣﺎﻧﻴﻜــﻪ ﻟﻬﺎﻣﺎ ﭼﭗ  ﻓﺮ ﻧﺴــﻪ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﻮﻣﺖ ﻣﺮ‪8‬ﻳﮕﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎﮔﺎ  »ﺟﻨﮓﺳﺮ«‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ  ﻟﻬﺎﻣﺎﺗﻰ ‪ 0‬ﻳﻦ ﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎ ﺳــﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﮕﺎ‪ I‬ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺑﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮ ﻫــﺪ ﻣﺎﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺴــﻠﻤﺎً  ﻛﻮﺗــﺎ‪ 8‬ﻣﺪ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺢﻃﻠــﺐ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎ‪0‬ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﺒﺮ ‪ 0‬ﭘﻴﺶﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ‬ ‫ ﺣﺰ ( »ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪ‪ «$‬ﺷــﺪ‪ P‬ﺧﻮ   ﭼﺎﭼﻮ( ﭘﻴﺸﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ $‬ﺑﺮ ﻟﻬﺎﻣــﺎ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺗﻮ‪8‬ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻴــﻞ ﺧﻮ ﻫــﺪ ﻛﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﺔ ﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻳﻦ ﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ‪ 0‬ﻳﻦ »ﻗﺎﻋﺪ‪ P‬ﻛﻠﻰ«  ﭼﻪ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﺋﻰ ﺻﻮ ﺧﻮ ﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ؟ ﮔﻮﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻓﺮ ﻣﻮ‪h‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮ‪ 8‬ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪  L‬ﻳﻮ  ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺑﻠﺸﻮﻳﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺒﺪ  ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻼ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻏﺮ( ﻓﺮﻳﺨﺘﻪ‪.‬‬

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