STONEHENGEWORKSHEET 1. DO THIS QUIZ TO TEST YOUR PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE 1. Where is Stonehenge?
5. How big was the circular ditch built in Period I?
a. Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England a. 500 feet in diameter b. Nova Scotia b. 330 feet in diameter c. The Bahamas c. 400 feet in diameter
2. Who worked on Stonehenge in Period II?
6. Who was the leader of the Druids? a. Merlin
a. The King of England b. Saxons b. The Beaker Culture c. Hu the Mighty c. King Arthur and his knights
3. Who used Stonehenge as a memorial for their slain men?
7. How long ago was Period I? a. 3100 B.C.
a. King Arthur and Merlin b. 2000 B.C. b. The Saxons c. 3000 B.C. c. The Dancing Giants
4. Where did King Arthur and Merlin get the stones?
8. What kind of science do they use to study Stonehenge?
a. Out of the sea
c. Mount Killaraus, Ireland
2. NOW READ THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO CHECK YOUR ANSWERS!!! The people who built Stonehenge in southern England thousands of years ago had wild parties, eating barbecued pigs and smashing up pottery. This is according to recent work by archaeologists—history experts who investigate how human beings lived in the past. Archaeologists digging near Stonehenge on Salisbury Plain last year discovered the remains of a large prehistoric village where they think the builders of the mysterious stone circle used to live. They think that the standing stones were erected between 2500 BC and 2000 BC although the surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. The village was shown to be about 4,600 years old, as old as the pyramids in Egypt. The village is less than 2 miles (3.2 kilometers) from Stonehenge and lies inside a massive manmade circular earthwork, or “henge,” known as Durrington Walls. Stonehenge is a Neolithic and Bronze Age megalithic monument located near Amesbury in the English county of Wiltshire, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury.Remains found at the site included jewellery, stone arrowheads, tools made of deer antlers, and huge amounts of animal bones and broken pottery. These finds suggest Stone Age people went to the village at special times of the year “to feast and party,” says Mike Parker Pearson from Sheffield University in England. An ancient road which led from the village to a river called the Avon was also unearthed. Here, the experts think, people came after their parties to throw dead relatives in the water so the bodies would be washed downstream to Stonehenge. The experts believe Stonehenge was a like a cemetery where ancient Britons buried the dead and remembered their ancestors. “The theory is that Stonehenge is a kind of spirit home to the ancestors,” Parker Pearson says. Next to the village there was a giant wooden version of the famous stone circle. Archaeologists say this timber circle, which was only temporary because it eventually rotted away, was a symbol of life. Stonehenge, on the other hand, was a permanent symbol of the afterlife. Parker Pearson says the recent discoveries made around the newly found village show that Stonehenge didn’t stand alone but was part of a much bigger religious site. People still come to worship and celebrate at Stonehenge today. They meet there when the sun sets on the shortest day of winter and when it rises on the longest day of summer. But the days of barbecuing whole pigs there and throwing family members into the river are a thing of the past. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1986.
3. COULD YOU CHECK ALL YOUR ANSWERS? PROBABLY, YOU WILL HAVE TO DO SOME RESEARCH TO BECOME A STONEHEDGE EXPERT!!!