H.R. McMaster at The Richmond Forum

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H.R. McMaster

THE STATE OF PLAY: GEOPOLITICAL ACTIONS, REACTIONS & CONSEQUENCES

NOVEMBER
12, 2022

TONIGHT’S LEAD PATRON

At Davenport & Company LLC, we believe that wealth management is timeless. Opportunities arise, trends change, and technologies evolve — but the fundamentals of investment research and management remain. With an emphasis on building wealth together, our financial advice and personal service are the foundation of our success with individuals and institutions across generations.

Davenport is an independent, employee-owned firm, founded in Richmond in 1863 and still headquartered here today. Since our founding, we have experienced nearly every kind of financial market and we have learned the importance of balancing stability and innovation in a dynamic environment. We recognize that there is more to our business than delivering high-quality financial services; it is about building meaningful relationships. Our more than 475 associates, across four states, maintain a discipline of putting our clients’ needs ahead of our own and delivering products and services that meet their goals.

We offer a comprehensive set of resources including financial and retirement planning, asset management, stock and bond brokerage, insurance and annuities, public and corporate finance, and research. Our boutique money management division, Davenport Asset Management, has emphasized longterm investing across a variety of disciplines in separately managed accounts for more than 30 years, and offers five publicly available mutual funds.

Recognized for our leadership and industry contributions for several years, we are proud to be named a “Best Place to Work” in Virginia, a “Top Workplace” in Richmond, and a “Best Employer” in North Carolina. We are committed to the communities in which we live and work. Davenport Shares, our employee-run philanthropic initiative, actively supports local organizations and dedicates company time and resources to projects that enhance the vibrancy and quality of life in our region.

We invite you to visit our website at Investdavenport.com, connect with us on LinkedIn and Facebook, and follow us on Twitter @investdavenport.

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Atlantic Union Bank, the only regional bank headquartered in Virginia, provides exceptional solutions for personal, business, commercial and wealth management. www.atlanticunionbank.com

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WELCOME BACK TO THE THEATER!

We are very excited to be hosting five renowned, eclectic, and distinct programs for you in 20222023. A new season is an opportunity to open our minds and add dimension to what we think we know. At The Richmond Forum, we are united in the belief that by speaking, listening, learning, and honestly engaging, we can make our community and the world a better place.

We value and explore viewpoint diversity. The simple insight behind our conviction is our belief that civil conversations about the significant issues facing our world can lead to change. Or, as James Baldwin put it: “The world changes according to the way people see it, and if you alter, even by a millimeter, the way a person looks at reality, then you can change it.”

I hope each program invites you to think differently, even if it is just by a millimeter. This season, we have a fresh look and a new introductory video. We’re also experimenting with stage design and other elements to make our time together at the theater memorable and exciting. There are more surprises ahead!

We are really glad that you are here with us.

LETTER FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR GIVE THE GIFT OF THE RICHMOND FORUM! Do your friends and family enjoy hearing about your Forum experiences, but have never been able to attend themselves? Especially those living outside of the Richmond region? As a subscriber, you have the benefit of gifting online subscriptions for the current season to someone on your gift list—at an exclusive discounted price of only $109! Your gift recipients will have live and on-demand access to all remaining 2022-2023 season programs. They will also be able to watch a recording of tonight’s program for an extended period. PURCHASE GIFT SUBSCRIPTIONS NOW IN THE SUBSCRIBER PORTAL.
HEATHER MULLINS CRISLIP Executive Director, The Richmond Forum
A

TONIGHT’S PROGRAM

H.R.

OPENING REMARKS

Heather Mullins Crislip Executive Director The Richmond Forum WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION

William R. B. Hershey Chief Financial Officer Davenport & Company LLC PRESENTATION

Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster

Fifteen-minute intermission for collection of audience questions via Slido AUDIENCE

H.R. McMaster with Ms. Crislip

Tonight’s presentation may not be recorded or photographed by any means for any purpose. The Richmond Forum is a non-profit 501(c)(3) educational organization.

OPENING MUSIC & NATIONAL ANTHEM Sweet Potatoes
QUESTIONS
Actions,
Lt. Gen.
McMaster (USA, RET.) THE STATE OF PLAY Geopolitical
Reactions, and Consequences NOVEMBER 12, 2022

Davenport & Company is an independent, employee-owned firm, founded in Richmond, Virginia in 1863. During our history, we have experienced nearly every kind of financial market and we have learned the importance of balancing stability and innovation in a dynamic environment. We know there is more to our business than delivering high-quality financial services; it is about building meaningful relationships.

(804) 780-2000 | investdavenport.com One James Center | 901 East Cary Street, Suite 1100 | Richmond, Virginia 23219 Davenport & Company LLC Member: NYSE | FINRA | SIPC
are
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proud to support The Richmond Forum.
Thank you for bringing exceptional programs that enrich and educate our community.

LT. GEN. H.R. McMASTER

RENOWNED AS A “WARRIOR-INTELLECTUAL,” Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster is a preeminent voice on leadership, global security, and international affairs. McMaster served as the assistant to the president for national security affairs from 2017 to 2018 and is recognized for his leadership in the Gulf War, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

McMaster is the author of two New York Times bestselling books on national security: “Battlegrounds: The Fight to Defend the Free World” (2020) and “Dereliction of Duty” (1998). He has been named one of TIME’s “100 Most Influential People in the World” and Fortune’s “World’s 50 Greatest Leaders.”

Upon graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1984, McMaster was commissioned in the United States Army. He has served numerous commands over the course of his 34-year military career, earning him the nickname of “The Iconoclast General.” Throughout his career, he has grounded his perspectives in research, having served as an assistant professor of history at West Point and a senior consulting fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies. He received his Ph.D. in American history from UNC Chapel Hill and currently operates out of The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace at Stanford University.

McMaster has published scores of essays, articles, and book reviews on leadership, history, and the future of warfare in many publications including Foreign Affairs, The Wall Street Journal, and The New York Times. He serves on the advisory boards of Spirit of America, Edgybees, C3 AI, and Strider Technologies; and, is a board member of Zoom Video Communications and the Atlantic Council.

Tonight, McMaster will impart his views on the state of the world today and what we can expect from the future. We are ensured a refreshingly candid analysis of the key issues and players shaping the geopolitical landscape.

“PEOPLE FIGHT TODAY FOR THE SAME FUNDAMENTAL REASONS THE GREEK HISTORIAN THUCYDIDES IDENTIFIED NEARLY 2,500 YEARS AGO: FEAR, HONOR, AND INTEREST.”
ABOUT TONIGHT’S SPEAKER

EXEMPLARY LEADERSHIP IN ACTION

Hourigan is honored to welcome Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster, (USA Ret.) a distinguished leader and an elite example of what it means to enhance our global community.

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WWW.HOURIGAN.GROUP H.R. McMASTER

SWEET POTATOES

TONIGHT’S MUSICIANS

SWEET POTATOES IS A RICHMOND-BASED JAZZ BAND.

The group was formed in 2017 by Johnny Hargrove as a guitar duo and has grown through many iterations into the four-member ensemble it is today.

Sweet Potatoes regularly performs at festivals around Virginia, like Jazz on the Bluff in Hampton. They also often play at venues around the D.C. area, including the National Museum of African American History and Culture, and, of course, right here in Richmond.

The band’s current members are Johnny Hargrove (guitar), Reyna Pannell (violin and vocals), Stephan LaRue (drums), and Brian Cruse (bass).

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HAVE A QUESTION FOR H.R. McMASTER? HEAD TO SLIDO.COM TO SUBMIT A QUESTION FOR THE PROGRAM Q&A. You can also endorse questions submitted by fellow audience members, both in the theater and online, to increase the chance of them being asked. We love it when you include your name and location! SLIDO.COM Event code: RVAFORUM

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THE STATE OF THE WORLD, ACCORDING TO McMASTER

UNITED STATES

“As our foreign policies swung from over-optimism to resignation, identity politics interacted with new forms of populism. That interaction divided us and diminished confidence in our democratic principles, institutions, and processes. We might apply empathy to ourselves as well as to the other and, as we discuss the challenges we face, seek a common understanding, and work together to secure freedom and prosperity for future generations.”

Battlegrounds, Sept. 2020

UKRAINE

RUSSIA

“I don’t think a nuclear weapon is usable [in Ukraine]. I think that we ought to take it seriously—we have to—but we ought to not allow this to cow us in terms of the support for the Ukrainians.”

CBS News, Oct. 2022

CBS News, Feb. 2022

“As ugly as democracy is, democracies are actually pretty darn resilient and you see that with Ukrainians. I hope Ukrainians inspire confidence in all of us across the free world.”

IRAN AFGHANISTAN

“What has been different about [the wave of civil unrest after the death of Mahsa Amini] is that it is being sustained over multiple days, it’s national and it’s widespread. So far, the IRGC and the Basij...have been unable to stop it...I think stability in Iran is a myth and I think [the new wave of civil unrest] could be the beginning of the end.”

Hoover Institution, Sept. 2022

"We talked ourselves into defeat in Afghanistan. We had a sustainable commitment and we were engaged in a righteous and worthwhile mission…a mission that was grounded in our interests and in the interests of all humanity...We are facing the growth, now, of a multigenerational problem of jihadist terrorism, and disengaging from it is not the answer because it seeds the initiative and resources to our determined, brutal, murderous enemies.”

Wilson Center, Aug. 2021

CHINA

“[Our previous approach] was still based on this assumption that we were going to change China — that our international approach would essentially moderate China’s behavior and the Chinese Communist Party would eventually see the tremendous benefit of playing by the rules. I think we have to take a different approach at this point. I think we have to recognize that the party is what the party is — especially under Xi Jinping, who has extended his rule already once and will do so again, almost certainly...I think it’s really important for us to recognize the need for multilateral cooperation.”

NPR, April 2021

NORTH KOREA

“If North Korea’s ultimate goal is a ‘final victory,’ defined by a unified Korea, acknowledging North Korea as a limited nuclear power and pursuing a strategy of containment is not acceptable. It seems clear that U.S. strategy should be to sustain international support behind a strategy of maximum pressure to test the thesis that Kim Jong Un can be convinced that his regime is safer without nuclear weapons than it is with them.”

Hoover

For your strong leadership, thank you, H. R. McMaster. Your astounding achievements prove that with resilience, courage, and determination, we can stand firm in our convictions and conquer any challenge that may rise in our path with grace.  www.vacancer.com

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THE DECORATIONS OF AN “ICONOCLAST GENERAL”

FROM EARNING A SILVER STAR for his command of the Eagle Troop of the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment at the Battle of 73 Easting in the Gulf War, to receiving his third award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal upon his retirement in 2018, H.R. McMaster has collected near countless military decorations. Get an inside look at his celebrated career through a selection of these awards below, listed in order of precedence, and see if you can spot them on the cover.

The Army Distinguished Service Medal is presented to soldiers who have distinguished themselves by exceptionally meritorious service to the government in a duty of great responsibility.

The Silver Star is the United States Armed Forces’ third-highest military decoration for valor in combat. It is awarded primarily for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States.

The Defense Superior Service Medal is bestowed by the Department of Defense upon service members who perform superior meritorious service in a position of significant responsibility.

The Legion of Merit is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements and is typically reserved for senior officers at O-6 level and above.

The Bronze Star is awarded to members of the United States Armed Forces who have distinguished themselves by heroic or meritorious achievement or service.

The Purple Heart is awarded in the name of the president to those wounded or killed while serving. The Purple Heart is the oldest military award still given to U.S. military members.

The Valorous Unit Award is the second highest United States Army unit decoration. It is awarded to units which display extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States.

The Humanitarian Service Medal is awarded for meritorious participation in humanitarian military acts or operations, such as natural disaster relief, evacuation of non-combatants from a hostile area, or support to refugees.

The Kuwait Liberation Medal was issued by the government of Kuwait to both local and foreign military personnel who served in the Persian Gulf War’s “Liberation of Kuwait” campaign.

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RHIANNON GIDDENS

AT THE RICHMOND FORUM MAY 21, 2022

THE 2022 BIG RETURN OF THE RICHMOND FORUM ENDED ON A HIGH NOTE WITH GRAMMY AWARDWINNER RHIANNON GIDDENS.

As an acclaimed musician, Giddens embraces the historical background of Americana to create new compositions that shine a light on elements that went unseen in the past.

“It’s hard to talk about music, it’s like singing about dance.” Giddens began the evening admitting that although she is no historian, she has used her musical prowess to investigate the past and strung together an evolving understanding of Americana music, starting with the banjo.

The symbol and sound of the banjo have been used in American music since its origins, but when Giddens discovered that the banjo had African roots, it opened up a new understanding of musical universalism. “I love to know more. I love to know I didn’t quite have something right, but now I do.” Her investigation led her to find that the banjo was a key player in creating music that “could create a sense of family and community” among enslaved people by uniting themes of kinship, unity, and resistance in song.

“When you look for African American history, you have to look for details in unexpected places.” Because of the lack of historical documentation from enslaved people, Giddens focused much of her research on slave advertisements, including those for runaway fiddlers

Rhiannon Giddens displayed her musical virtuosity interspersed with a fascinating story of her life and music. Top: Will Hershey, CEO, Davenport & Company, the Lead Patron for the evening, introduced Rhiannon Giddens. Bottom: Kishanti Barmoh, a Richmond Forum Scholar, had the pleasure of ushering Rhiannon Giddens throughout the evening.

who played in popular string bands in Virginian and Carolinian ballrooms. In her research, she discovered an advertisement from the 1800’s for an enslaved woman for sale, along with her 9-monthold child to come along “at the purchaser’s option.” She presented her original song inspired by this discovery to the Forum audience with the refrain of “You can take my body, but not my soul.”

Giddens confessed to the crowd, “If I leave nothing else behind in this world, if it’s this one song, I feel like it was a life well lived. It is our responsibility to make sure that the voices of the people who came before us, who didn’t have opportunities to be heard, to do whatever we can to make them heard.”

made the audience fall in love with Giddens’ breezy presence, despite the difficult subjects confronted in her talk like minstrelsy and blackface. She acknowledged that these unpleasant aspects of history are precisely why its importance is brushed under the rug. Despite today’s apt distaste for the negative aspects of minstrelsy, African American string band players had true impact on American—and thereafter, worldwide—musical history.

Rhiannon Giddens explained her journey of falling in love with the banjo and working as a caller for square dancers. She turned that love into her work after her time at the renowned Oberlin Conservatory of Music. This authentic exploration

An artist, creator, and critical thinker, Rhiannon Giddens ended her evening with The Forum by challenging the audience to, when confronted with new information, ask themselves, “Why don’t I know that?” That question truly embodied the spirit of The Richmond Forum and was the perfect send-off for an extraordinary season.

Moderator Valerie Cassel Oliver asked Rhiannon audience questions. Top: Guests of SingleStone, the Host Patron for the evening, enjoyed dinner with Rhiannon Giddens. Bottom: Rhiannon Giddens answered questions in the Student Room.
SHE SHOWED UP AS HER AUTHENTIC SELF AND SHARED OPENLY WITH HONESTY, GRACE, AND HUMOR. IT WAS INCREDIBLY INSPIRING TO HAVE A GLIMPSE OF HER LIFE JOURNEY. - Forum Subscriber

RICHMOND FORUM SPEAKERS

1987

January Ted Koppel

February Hodding Carter and Larry Speakes with Paul Duke March General Brent Scowcroft with Diane Sawyer April Charles Kuralt

1988

January Oprah Winfrey

February Jeane Kirkpatrick and Vladimir Pozner with Marvin Kalb March George Will April Art Buchwald

1989

January Sam Donaldson

February Henry Kissinger with John Chancellor March William Buckley and Charles Rangel April Dr. Carl Sagan

1990

January Paul Duke, Howard Fineman and Charles McDowell

February Frank Carlucci, George McGovern, William Proxmire and William Rusher with Bettina Gregory

March Mike Wallace April Alistair Cooke

1990–1991

October Chancellor Helmut Schmidt

January Admiral William Crowe, General Alexander Haig and Robert McFarlane with Edwin Newman

February H. Ross Perot

March Art Buchwald and Andy Rooney

April Captain James Lovell and Dr. Frank Drake with James Burke

1991–1992

October Barbara Walters

January PM Margaret Thatcher

February General H. Norman Schwarzkopf with Larry King

March Dr. Marc Micozzi and Dr. Victor McKusick with Patricia Cornwell April Mark Russell

1992–1993

October Terry Anderson

January Hiroki Kato and T. Boone Pickens

February Dr. Joyce Brothers

March Dr. Bill Cosby

April President Mikhail Gorbachev with Cokie Roberts

1993–1994

November Senator Warren Rudman, Lamar Alexander and Dr. Marvin Cetron with Chris Wallace

January Frank Capiello and Michael Holland with Louis Rukeyser

February President George H. W. Bush

March Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross April Bob Newhart

1994–1995

November General Colin Powell

January Walter Cronkite

February Dave Barry March Tom Clancy April Jack Kemp and George Mitchell

1995–1996

November PM Brian Mulroney and Ambassador Carla Hills

January Neil Armstrong, Eugene Cernan and Dick Rutan with David Hartman

February Calvin Trillin

March Charles Kuralt

April David Gergen, Pierre Salinger, Sheila Tate and Bob Woodward with Ed Bradley

1996–1997

November Carl Reiner with Dick Cavett

January Paul Volcker with Ray Brady

February Doris Kearns Goodwin and David McCullough March Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber with Sir David Frost April Marcia Clark, Philip K. Howard, Dr. Rodney Smolla and Kym Worthy with Prof. Arthur Miller

1997–1998

November Bill Moyers

January Wynton Marsalis February PM Shimon Peres March Mary Tyler Moore April Peter Lynch

1998–1999

November PM John Major January Robert Bennett and Dr. William Bennett with Tim Russert

February Harry S. Dent, Jr. and Lou Dobbs March Lily Tomlin April Dr. Robert Ballard and Jean-Michel Cousteau

1999–2000

November Julie Andrews January Todd Brewster and Peter Jennings February John Krubski and Michael Connors with Ray Brady March Archbishop Desmond Tutu April James Carville and Newt Gingrich with Tim Russert

2000–2001

November Senator John Glenn

January Tom Brokaw February PM Benjamin Netanyahu March Frank McCourt April Dr. William Kelso

2001–2002

November Hal Holbrook

January Rabbi Marc Gellman and Msgr. Thomas Hartman February Dick Clark March Doris Kearns Goodwin and David McCullough April Madeleine Albright and James Baker with Gwen Ifill

2002–2003

November Ken Burns

January Rudolph Giuliani

February PM Benazir Bhutto and Queen Noor with Gwen Ifill March Louis Freeh April Senator Fred Thompson

2003–2004

November Cal Ripken, Jr.

January Robert Shiller and Jeremy Siegel February Candice Bergen March President Mary Robinson April Thomas L. Friedman

2004–2005

November General Tommy Franks

January Michael Beschloss and Walter Isaacson

February Tim Russert

March Dr. Fareed Zakaria

April Frank Gehry

2005–2006

November Robert Redford with Pat Mitchell

January Sherry Lansing

February General Colin Powell (Ret.) March Tom Wolfe April Rick Wagoner

2006–2007

November Burt Rutan

January Malcolm Gladwell and Alvin Toffler

February B.B. King March Jim Lehrer April Dr. Jared Diamond

2007–2008

November President Vicente Fox

January Carly Fiorina February Michael Douglas March Dr. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. April David Brooks

2008–2009

November PM Tony Blair

January Reza Aslan and Jon Meacham

February Smokey Robinson with Daphne Maxwell Reid March Terry Bradshaw and Howie Long April Marion Nestle and Michael Pollan

2009–2010

November Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson

January Greg Mortenson March Steve Forbes April Condoleezza Rice May David Plouffe

2010–2011

November President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

January Laura Bush February Anderson Cooper March Dr. George Church April David Blaine

2011–2012

November Dr. Robert Ballard

January Robert Gates

February Quincy Jones with Tim Reid March Charles Krauthammer and Robert Reich with John Donvan April Sir Ken Robinson and Rafe Esquith

2012–2013

November Platon

January Steven Spielberg, Tony Kushner and Doris Kearns Goodwin with Tim Reid

February President Bill Clinton

March Captain Mark Kelly and Gabrielle Giffords April Dr. Jane Goodall

2013–2014

November Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf and Maajid Nawaz with John Donvan

January Dan Buettner

February President George W. Bush March PM Gordon Brown April Steve Martin and Martin Short

2014–2015

November Diana Nyad

January Garry Trudeau March Ben Bernanke with Paul Solman April Dr. Daniel Levitin and Rosanne Cash May General Keith Alexander and Robert Mueller with John Donvan

2015–2016

November Michael Sandel

January Alan Alda February James Balog March PM Julia Gillard April Russell Wilson and Dr. Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

2016–2017

November Nate Parker January Doris Kearns Goodwin and Jon Meacham with Steve Inskeep

February Krista Tippett March PM Ehud Barak and Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei with Robin Wright April Ron Howard with Linda Holmes

2017–2018

November President Barack Obama January Glenn Close February Peter Diamandis March Ambassador Samantha Power April Joe Scarborough and Newt Gingrich with Mara Liasson

2018–2019

November Captain Scott Kelly

January Tina Fey with Linda Holmes February Dr. Sanjay Gupta March Ian Bremmer April Dr. Temple Grandin with John Donvan

2019–2020

November Bob Costas

January Dave Isay, Catherine Burns and Brandon Stanton with John Donvan February Peggy Noonan

2020–2021

November José Andrés

January Theresa May February Esther Perel March Bryan Stevenson April Vijay Gupta

2022

January Bob Iger with Kara Swisher

February Gloria Steinem with Zainab Salbi March Erik Weihenmayer April Intelligence Squared U.S. Debates May Rhiannon Giddens June Michelle Obama

2022–2023

November Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster (USA, Ret.)

January Maria Ressa February Ella Al-Shamahi March John Lithgow April Dr. Cornel West and Thomas Chatterton Williams

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SPEECH & DEBATE INITIATIVE

THE RICHMOND FORUM SPEECH & DEBATE INITIATIVE’S goal is to have competitive speech and debate teams in all of the region’s public middle and high schools by 2025.

Entering its fifth year, and with 29 partner teams established, RFSDI provides:

Team funding for tournament entry fees, travel, and meals, Memberships to the National Speech & Debate Association for coaches and students, Training for coaches paired with an incentive pay program, Speech and debate camp sponsorship for students, and A volunteer judges bank to supply tournament judges.

AS A NEW SPEECH COACH WITHOUT PREVIOUS SPEECH EXPERIENCE, I FOUND THE RICHMOND FORUM COACHES CLINIC TO BE THE KIND OF ‘BAPTISM BY FIRE’ I APPRECIATE IN PROFESSIONAL LEARNING –HEAPS OF USEFUL INFORMATION AND OPPORTUNITIES TO PUT THAT INFORMATION IMMEDIATELY TO USE –ALL WITHIN A HOSPITABLE, CURIOUS, AND PASSIONATE COMMUNITY WILLING TO HELP. - Andrew Kyle Maples, English Teacher, Armstrong High School “THE STRONG”

We are UNRELENTING.

We focus on improving health for all people. Our care for those with sickle cell disease — a painful blood condition mainly affecting Black people — goes beyond pain management and treatments.

It’s about impact. Offering a medical home — a place of comfort and hope that helps them tackle the everyday challenges of the disease. Here, we treat the big things, the little things and everything in between.

Welcome to VCU Health. A world UNLIKE any other.

Kendrice

MICHELLE OBAMA

FOR THE SECOND TIME IN FORUM HISTORY

—the first being President Barack Obama’s appearance at The Forum in 2017—over 6,000 subscribers, community members, and students attended our special program with former First Lady Michelle Obama, at the Altria Theater and live via satellite at the Dominion Energy Center.

When Mrs. Obama took to the stage, her remarks encouraged young people to seek out change in their daily lives without pressuring themselves too much to check aspirational boxes, as they will have more than enough time in their lives to explore all of their passions with time like she has. She also shared the message with parents that the values of love and family are the most important things to provide in a child’s life. Her message of understanding reached beyond the family as she spoke about how society can move forward to a brighter future through civil discourse.

“You can’t just go to the straight hard issues, first you have to build familiarity and trust. I think that’s work that, in some ways, has been put on hold because of the pandemic. We have lost our muscles for social connection and interaction, and much of that is out of the necessity to stay safe, but that’s important. Before I can talk to somebody about politics, I have to be able to connect to them on a basic level.”

We are so proud to have brought the former first lady to Richmond to connect with our audience. Thanks to ticket sales and donations, we raised more than $180,000 to provide resources to speech and debate students, coaches, and teams in 2022–2023 and beyond.

AT THE RICHMOND FORUM JUNE 7, 2022 Top: Dr. Michael Rao, Monica Rao, Dr. Betty N. Crutcher, Sara Crutcher, Dr. Ronald A. Crutcher. Middle: Tani Washington and Kameron Belfield welcomed Mrs. Obama to the stage. Bottom: Student viewers in the Simulcast Room.
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students and faculty from Trinity Episcopal School have the opportunity to attend The Richmond Forum in a special program designed to connect the classroom, the community and current events. Trinity and The Forum are grateful to the Perkinsons for their continued support.

Thanks to the generous support of Dr. & Mrs. Baxter W. Perkinson, Jr., Coeducational • College Preparatory Grades 8-12 • Average Class Size: 14 Richmond’s First International Baccalaureate World School 3850 Pittaway Drive | Richmond, Virginia 23235 | (804) 272-5864 | www.trinityes.org | @Trinity_RVA | TrinityEpiscopalSchoolRVA OUR COMMUNITY IS strengthened when we engage multiple perspectives. WITH THANKS TO THE RICHMOND FORUM f o r p e o p l e w h o t r e a t b - s i d e s Listen at 88 5 FM or wnrn org l i k e a - s i d e s . There are all kinds of people out there. But as Virginia's largest listener-supported music radio station we ' re really about one kind of people Music People

NEXT AT THE RICHMOND FORUM

JANUARY 21, 2023

MARIA RESSA

THE INTEGRITY OF FACTS

Maria Ressa won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2021 for her fearless defense of independent journalism and freedom of expression in the Philippines, and particularly for her work exposing the human rights abuses of authoritarian President Rodrigo Duterte. Her remarkable work in the Philippines, including founding and leading digital media company Rappler, led her to important observations on how social media is used to spread fake news, harass opponents, and manipulate public discourse. Ressa’s reflections on the resulting impact on democracy will be incredibly timely. (Format: Speech with Q&A)

FEBRUARY 18, 2023 ELLA AL-SHAMAHI

MARCH 18, 2023

JOHN LITHGOW

The World According to Lithgow

APRIL 29, 2023

DR. CORNEL WEST & THOMASCHATTERTONWILLIAMS

Evening With Neanderthals
An
The Absolute Condemnation of No One

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An iconoclast general with 34 years of military service as a pre-eminent “warrior-intellectual.” An unflappable leader and influencer who challenges the status quo. And what we have in common is uncommon Because just like Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster, we are not looking to conform. We challenge traditional thinking in pursuit of a future built by us.

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