Tradewinds July-August 2020

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Tradewinds Tradewinds Tradewinds A publication of the Tradewinds A publication A publication of of theAssociation the North Carolina Fisheries

A publication of the North North Carolina Carolina Fisheries Fisheries Association Association

North Carolina Fisheries Association Tradewinds have been used by captains of sailing Tradewinds Tradewinds have have been been used used byby captains captains of of sailing sailing ships to cross the world’s oceans for centuries. The Tradewinds have been byfor captains of sailing ships ships to to cross cross the world’s world’s oceans oceans for centuries. The The captain of athe sailing shipused would seek acenturies. course along ships to cross the could world’s oceans for The captain captain ofthe of a sailing awinds sailing ship ship would would seek seek a course acenturies. course which be expected to blowalong inalong the captain of sailing ship would seek ablow course along which which thethe winds could could bebe expected expected to to blow in in the the direction ofawinds travel. which the winds direction direction of of travel. travel.could be expected to blow in the direction of travel. Tradewinds were important in the development of Tradewinds Tradewinds were important important in in the the development development of of trade and were provided a means of transportation and Tradewinds wereto in thecommunities development of trade trade and and provided provided aimportant means aisolated means ofcoast of transportation transportation and and communications trade and provided aisolated means of transportation communications communications to to isolated coast coast communities communitiesand communications to in isolated coast We are still isolated a sense evencommunities with our modern Weships, We areare still still isolated isolated in in a sense a sense even even with with our modern modern aircraft, telecommunications andour the internet. We are still isolated in afrom sense even our modern ships, ships, aircraft, aircraft, telecommunications telecommunications and and thethe internet. internet. We need a connection island towith island, person to ships, aircraft, telecommunications and the internet. Weperson…and We need need a connection a connection from from island to to island, island, person person to to to the rest ofisland the world. We need a connection from island to island, person to person…and person…and to to thethe rest rest of of thethe world. world. person…and the rest of the will world. We hope that to this Tradewinds become as Weimportant We hope hope that that this Tradewinds Tradewinds will will become become tothis you as the Tradewinds wereastoasour We hopeto that this Tradewinds will become asknow important important to you you asas the Tradewinds Tradewinds were were toto to our our ancestors, not only tothe in-landers wanting important to you asto the Tradewinds were to our ancestors, ancestors, not not only only to in-landers in-landers wanting wanting tolearning to know know more about the coast, but coastal people ancestors, not only to in-landers wanting to know more more about about thethe coast, coast, but but coastal coastal people people learning learning about other coastal people. more about the coast, but coastal people learning about about other other coastal coastal people. people. about other coastal people. NCFA Staff:

NCFA NCFA Staff: Staff: Glenn Skinner NCFA Staff: Glenn Glenn Skinner Skinner Executive Director

Glenn Director Skinner Executive Executive Director Jerry Schill Executive Director Schill Schill Relations Director Jerry ofJerry Government Jerry Schill Director Director of of Government Government Relations Relations O’Neal DirectorAundrea of Government Relations Aundrea Aundrea O’Neal Administration &O’Neal Accounting Aundrea Administration Administration & Accounting &O’Neal Accounting Tradewinds Editor Administration & Accounting Tradewinds Tradewinds Editor Editor Nikki Raynor Tradewinds Editor Nikki Nikki Raynor Raynor Membership/Receptionist Nikki Raynor Membership/Receptionist Membership/Receptionist TradewindsCo-Editor Membership/Receptionist TradewindsTradewindsCo-Editor 101 N. 5thCo-Editor Street TradewindsCo-Editor Morehead City, NC 28557 101101 N. N. 5th 5th Street Street

Office: 252-726-(NCFA)6232 | Fax:252-726-6200 Morehead Morehead 101 City, N.City, 5thNC Street NC 28557 28557 www.ncfish.org Office: Office: 252-726-(NCFA)6232 252-726-(NCFA)6232 Morehead City, |NC Fax:252-726-6200 | Fax:252-726-6200 28557 Office: 252-726-(NCFA)6232 www.ncfish.org www.ncfish.org | Fax:252-726-6200 Tradewinds is proud to www.ncfish.org announce that our publication will

Tradewinds Tradewinds is proud is proud to announce announce thatthat ourour publication publication willwill now be archived at:toNorth Carolina Collection at Wilson Tradewinds isat: proud to Carolina announce that our publication now now bebe archived archived at: North Carolina Collection Collection at at Wilson Wilsonwill Library University of North Chapel Hill, NC now be archivedofat: North Carolina Library Library University University of Chapel Chapel Hill, Hill, NCNCCollection at Wilson 2 www.ncfish.org Library University of Chapel Hill, NC 22 www.ncfish.org www.ncfish.org 2 www.ncfish.org

Board of Directors Board ofofof Directors Directors is comprised of The North CarolinaBoard Board Directors Board ofDirectors Directors The The North North Carolina Carolina Board Board of of Directors is is comprised comprised of of as members representing all of the State’s coastal regions The North Carolina Board of Directors iscoastal comprised of asas members members representing representing all all of of the the State’s State’s coastal regions regions well as the many facets of the industry gear type, targeted members representing all of the State’s coastal regions as well well asas the the many many facets facets of of the the industry industry gear type, type, targeted targeted species, and commodity groups. The gear association elects its well asand the many facetsgroups. of the industry gear type, targeted species, species, and commodity commodity groups. The The association association elects elects itsits board members and officers annually. species, and commodity groups. The association elects its board board members members and and officers officers annually. annually. Brent boardFulcher-252-514-7003 members and officers annually. Brent Brent Fulcher-252-514-7003 Fulcher-252-514-7003 Chairman Brent Fulcher-252-514-7003 Chairman Chairman Doug Todd-910-279-2959 Chairman Doug Doug Todd-910-279-2959 Todd-910-279-2959 Vice Chairman Doug Todd-910-279-2959 Vice Vice Chairman Chairman Glenn Skinner-252-646-7742 Vice Chairman Glenn Glenn Skinner-252-646-7742 Skinner-252-646-7742 Executive Director Glenn Executive Executive Director Director DeweySkinner-252-646-7742 Hemilright-252-473-0135 Executive Director Dewey Dewey Hemilright-252-473-0135 Hemilright-252-473-0135 Dewey Hemilright-252-473-0135 Treasurer Treasurer Treasurer Treasurer Area 1Area Area 1- 1Vacant Area 1Vacant Vacant Area 2Vacant Area Area 2- 2- Hemilright-252-473-0135 Dewey Area 2Dewey Dewey Hemilright-252-473-0135 Area 3- Hemilright-252-473-0135 Dewey Hemilright-252-473-0135 Area Area 3- 3Mark Vrablic-252-305-2718 Area 3Mark Mark Vrablic-252-305-2718 Vrablic-252-305-2718 Area 4Mark Vrablic-252-305-2718 Area Area 4Kris4-Cahoon Noble-252-542-0802 Area 4Kris Kris Cahoon Cahoon Noble-252-542-0802 Area 5- Noble-252-542-0802 Kris Cahoon Noble-252-542-0802 Area Area 55Wesley Potter-252-229-1881 Area 5Wesley Wesley Potter-252-229-1881 Potter-252-229-1881 Area 6Wesley Potter-252-229-1881 Area Area 6- 6Brent Fulcher252-514-7003 Area 6Brent Brent FulcherFulcher252-514-7003 252-514-7003 Area 7Brent Fulcher- 252-514-7003 Area Area 7- 7Doug Todd-910-279-2959 Area 7Doug Doug Todd-910-279-2959 Todd-910-279-2959 At LargeDoug Todd-910-279-2959 At Chrissy At LargeLargeFulcher Cahoon-252-670-7223 At LargeChrissy Chrissy Fulcher Fulcher Cahoon-252-670-7223 Cahoon-252-670-7223 At LargeFulcher Cahoon-252-670-7223 At Chrissy At LargeLargeRoss Butler-757-435-5317 At LargeRoss Ross Butler-757-435-5317 Butler-757-435-5317 At LargeRoss Butler-757-435-5317 At Jeff At LargeLargeStyron-252-675-8354 At LargeJeff Jeff Styron-252-675-8354 Styron-252-675-8354 Charter BoatJeff Styron-252-675-8354 Charter Charter BoatBoatRalphie Craddock-252-473-0953 Charter BoatRalphie Ralphie Craddock-252-473-0953 Craddock-252-473-0953 Albemarle Fisherman’s Association Ralphie Craddock-252-473-0953 Albemarle Albemarle Fisherman’s Fisherman’s Association Association Terry Pratt-252-339-7431 Albemarle Fisherman’s Association Terry Terry Pratt-252-339-7431 Pratt-252-339-7431 Carteret County Fisherman’s Association Terry Pratt-252-339-7431 Carteret Carteret County County Fisherman’s Fisherman’s Association Association Bradley Styron-252-342-8821 Carteret County Fisherman’s Association Bradley Bradley Styron-252-342-8821 Styron-252-342-8821 Ocracoke Working Waterman’s Association Bradley Styron-252-342-8821 Ocracoke Ocracoke Working Working Waterman’s Waterman’s Association Association Hardy Plyler-252-928-5601 Ocracoke Working Waterman’s Association Hardy Hardy Plyler-252-928-5601 Plyler-252-928-5601 Pamlico County Fisherman’s Association Hardy Plyler-252-928-5601 Pamlico Pamlico County County Fisherman’s Fisherman’s Association Association Wayne Dunbar-252-670-7467 Pamlico County Fisherman’s Association Wayne Wayne Dunbar-252-670-7467 Dunbar-252-670-7467 Brunswick County Fishermen’s Association Wayne Dunbar-252-670-7467 Brunswick Brunswick County County Fishermen’s Fishermen’s Association Association Randy Robinson-910-209-3463 Brunswick County Fishermen’s Association Randy Randy Robinson-910-209-3463 Robinson-910-209-3463 NC CatchRobinson-910-209-3463 NCRandy NC CatchCatchKaren Amspacher-252-732-0982 NC CatchKaren Karen Amspacher-252-732-0982 Amspacher-252-732-0982 NC For-Hire Captain’s AssociationAmspacher-252-732-0982 NCKaren NC For-Hire For-Hire Captain’s Captain’s AssociationAssociationRyan Williams-910-263-3097 NC For-Hire Captain’s AssociationRyan Ryan Williams-910-263-3097 Williams-910-263-3097 Ryan Williams-910-263-3097 The Tradewinds is a free publication published bi-monthly by the NC Fisheries Association. All parties advertised herein and the claims represented are responsibility of the advertiser. TheThe Tradewinds Tradewinds is aisfree a free publication publication published published bi-monthly bi-monthly bythe the by sole the NCNC Fisheries Fisheries Association. Association. All All Though every effort been made to ensure the accuracy all advertising contained parties parties advertised advertised herein and and thethe claims claims represented represented are are thethe sole responsibility responsibility ofand the ofcopy the advertiser. advertiser. The Tradewinds isherein ahas free publication published bi-monthly byofsole the NC Fisheries Association. All herein, the publisher may not be held for typographical errors.and The NC Fisheries Though Though every every effort effort has has been been made made to ensure toresponsible ensure thethe accuracy accuracy ofsole advertising all advertising and copy contained contained parties advertised herein and the claims represented are of theall responsibility ofcopy the advertiser. Association reserves the right to refuse any advertising or editorial deemed inappropriate. The herein, herein, thethe publisher publisher may may not not be held be held responsible for for typographical typographical errors. TheThe NC NC Fisheries Fisheries Though every effort has been made toresponsible ensure the accuracy of allerrors. advertising and copy contained agency, its employees, agents representatives may not be held responsible for actions Association Association reserves reserves themay the right right to refuse toorrefuse any any advertising advertising editorial or editorial deemed deemed inappropriate. inappropriate. The Theor herein, the publisher not be held responsible forortypographical errors. The NCany Fisheries © consequences derived a or result of following advice instructions contained herein. 2019 agency, agency, its employees, its employees, agents agents representatives orrefuse representatives maymay notornot be held be held responsible responsible for for anyany actions actions or or Association reserves theas right to any advertising or editorial deemed inappropriate. The © © consequences consequences derived derived as aas result a result of representatives following of following advice advice or instructions ornot instructions contained herein. herein. 2019 2019 or agency, its employees, agents or may be heldcontained responsible for any actions consequences derived as a result of following advice or instructions contained herein. ©2019


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Happy Independence Day!

Help keep the commercial fishing industry alive and become a member of the North Carolina Fisheries Association.

We’ll keep you updated on the latest industry news by mail, email, or fax. You’ll also receive a copy of this educational publication with every new edition that we make. Be sure to like us on Facebook as well:

(www.facebook.com/NCFisheriesAssoc/).

We are a non-profit organization, so your support greatly matters. Join today! www.ncfish.org/join/ Alternately, your Membership Application can be found on page 39. For more information, you can email your questions to nikki@ncfish.org or call (252) 726-6232.

Nikki Raynor Barta NCFA Membership NCFA Reception Tradewinds Co-Editor

Membership Applications can be mailed to:

North Carolina Fisheries Association PO Box 86 Morehead City, NC 28557

From your Editor Thank you to each and every one of you for your support! I hope that you are satisfied with the story qualities that are provided in this publication. My main focus and purpose for taking on this task is to keep our fishermen informed, educate the public and to show that you (whether you are a fisherman or a consumer) are an ESSENTIAL part of our industry! If there is a question, subject or interest that you may have and would like to see in this magazine, please don’t hesitate to contact me. I will try my best to get the question answered, story written or interest directed to the proper people that will supply that information for you. With your continued support, we can show that we are using conservative, sustainable practices to keep our industry going for the years to come. Thank you Again!!! Aundrea O’Neal Weeks 252-503-8302 Aundrea@ncfish.org Tradewinds@ncfish.org

Attorneys C.R. Wheatly III, Stevenson L. Weeks, James M. Lupton, Debra L. Massie, J. Jefferson Newton, & John E. Nobles III

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Local catch: North carolina Seafood availability SUMMER

SM

Through generations, fishing gear has been refined to target specific species. The seafood industry continues to work with researchers and government agencies to adapt gear to reduce bycatch, protect endangered species and maintain viable habitats. The following list highlights species in seafood markets and restaurants in summer. Ask if these or other choices are “Local Catch.” Black Sea Bass: Caught in the ocean using traps (pots) and hook-and-line gear. • Blue Crab (Hard and Soft): Caught in rivers and sounds using wire pots and trawl nets. “Peeler” crabs are held in tanks until they shed their shells. •

Clam: Harvested from sounds using hand rakes, or farm-raised by shellfish growers. • Grouper: Caught in the ocean using hook-and-line gear. • Mackerel, Spanish: Caught in the ocean and sounds using gill nets and hook-and-line gear. •

Mahi-Mahi (or Dolphinfish): Caught using hook-and-line gear in offshore ocean waters. • Oyster: Farm-raised available year-round from shellfish growers. • Shrimp: Harvested from the ocean, sounds and lower reaches of some rivers, using otter trawls, skimmer trawls and channel nets. •

Snapper: Caught in offshore ocean waters with rocky bottoms, using hook-and-line gear. • Tilefish: Caught in offshore waters using hook-and-line gear. • Triggerfish: Caught near reefs and rocks using hook-and-line gear. • Tuna, Yellowfin: Caught in offshore ocean areas using hookYELLOW ON THIS PIECE PRINTED TOO LIGHT... and-line gear. •

YELLOW ONITTHIS PIECE PRINTED TOOLIKE LIGHT... MAKE SURE IS 1235 at 85%... LOOKS THIS. MAKE SURE IT IS 1235 at 85%... LOOKS LIKE THIS. BLUE PRINTED TOO DARK... MAKE SURE IT IS 287

BLUE PRINTED TOO DARK... MAKE SURE IT IS 287 Quality Counts

Shrimp isQuality a popularCounts summer seafood. Shrimp is a popular summer seafood. Select raw shrimp with: Select raw shrimp with: • Translucent shells with grayish-green, • Translucent shells with grayish-green, pinkish-tanororpink pinktint tint pinkish-tan • Moist appearance • Moist appearance •• Firm Firmflesh fleshand andmild mildodor odor Avoidraw rawshrimp shrimpwith: with: Avoid •• Blackened Blackenededges edgesoror blackspots spotsononshell shell black •• Bright red appearance Bright red appearance •• Soft Softflesh flesh To find a North Carolina To find a North Carolinaseafood seafood market, market,go goto: to:www.nc-seafood.org. www.nc-seafood.org.

Sustainable Fisheries

Sustainable Fisheries Sustainable harvests mean Sustainable harvests mean we will enjoy seafood we will enjoy seafood today and in the future. today and in the future. Specieslisted listedasasNorth NorthCarolina Carolina Species “LocalCatch” Catch”are aremanaged managed “Local for long-term viability. for long-term viability. Formore moreinformation informationon: on: For •• N.C. N.C.marine marinefisheries fisheriesstock stockstatus, status, www.ncdmf.net/stocks www.ncdmf.net/stocks •• U.S. sustainable U.S. sustainablefisheries fisheriesefforts, efforts, www.fishwatch.noaa.gov www.fishwatch.noaa.gov •• AAcommunity communityseafood seafoodprogram, program, www.carteretcatch.org www.carteretcatch.org

North Carolina Seafood Availability is a poster highlighting many species across the year. North Carolina Seafood Availability is a poster highlighting many species across the year. Also, Mariner’s Menu: 30 Years of Fresh Seafood Ideas is a seafood resource book Also, Mariner’s Menu: 30 Years of Fresh Seafood Ideas is a seafood resource book with handling, safety and nutrition information, along with recipes. with from handling, and nutrition alongorwith recipes. Order both Northsafety Carolina Sea Grant,information, 919/515-2454 www.ncseagrant.org.

Order both from North Carolina Sea Grant, 919/515-2454 or www.ncseagrant.org.

Inspiringconservation conservationofof Inspiring ouraquatic aquaticenvironments. environments. our

www.ncaquariums.com www.ncaquariums.com

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Marine research and outreach link Marine research and outreach link universities to coastal communities. universities to coastal communities. 919/515-2454 • UNC-SG-07-05C

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LocaL LocaL catch: North carolina Seafood availability

SM SM

Seasonal SeasonalChoices ChoicesFor For

SUMMER SUMMER June, July and August June, July and August

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tŚĞĂƚůLJ ŽLJƐ dŝƌĞ Θ ƵƚŽŵŽƚŝǀĞ͕ >> ϳϲϬ ,ǁLJ ϳϬ ͕ KƚǁĂLJ ĞĂƵĨŽƌƚ͕ tŚĞĂƚůLJ ŽLJƐ dŝƌĞ Θ ƵƚŽŵŽƚŝǀĞ͕ >> E Ϯϴϱϭϲ ϳϲϬ ,ǁLJ ϳϬ ͕ KƚǁĂLJ ĞĂƵĨŽƌƚ͕ “ ĚĚŝĞ Ž” tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϵϮϭ E Ϯϴϱϭϲ tŚĞĂƚůLJ ŽLJƐ dŝƌĞ Θ ƵƚŽŵŽƚŝǀĞ͕ >> tŚĞĂƚůLJ ŽLJƐ dŝƌĞ Θ ƵƚŽŵŽƚŝǀĞ͕ >> ĚĚŝĞ tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϭϵϭ “ ĚĚŝĞ Ž” tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϵϮϭ ϳϲϬ ,ǁLJ ϳϬ ͕ KƚǁĂLJ ĞĂƵĨŽƌƚ͕ ϳϲϬ ,ǁLJ ϳϬ ͕ KƚǁĂLJ ĞĂƵĨŽƌƚ͕ ĚĚŝĞ tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϭϵϭ E Ϯϴϱϭϲ E Ϯϴϱϭϲ

“ ĚĚŝĞ Ž” tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ “ ĚĚŝĞ Ž” tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ tĞ ĐĂƌƌLJ Ăůů ĨƵĞů ĂŶĚ ƉĞƚƌŽůĞƵŵ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚƐ͘ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϵϮϭ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϵϮϭ EŽ ƋƵĂŶƚŝƚLJ ƚŽ Ž /' Žƌ ƚŽŽ ^D >>͕ ĚĚŝĞ tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ ĚĚŝĞ tŚĞĂƚůLJ͕ WĂƌƚŶĞƌ tĞ ĐĂƌƌLJ Ăůů ĨƵĞů ĂŶĚ ƉĞƚƌŽůĞƵŵ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚƐ͘ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϭϵϭ ϮϱϮͲϳϮϵͲϮϭϵϭ :ƵƐƚ ŐŝǀĞ ƵƐ Ă ĐĂůů͊ 16

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EŽ ƋƵĂŶƚŝƚLJ ƚŽ Ž /' Žƌ ƚŽŽ ^D >>͕ :ƵƐƚ ŐŝǀĞ ƵƐ Ă ĐĂůů͊ tĞ ĐĂƌƌLJ Ăůů ĨƵĞů ĂŶĚ ƉĞƚƌŽůĞƵŵ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚƐ͘ tĞ ĐĂƌƌLJ Ăůů ĨƵĞů ĂŶĚ ƉĞƚƌŽůĞƵŵ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚƐ͘ EŽ ƋƵĂŶƚŝƚLJ ƚŽ Ž /' Žƌ ƚŽŽ ^D >>͕ EŽ ƋƵĂŶƚŝƚLJ ƚŽ Ž /' Žƌ ƚŽŽ ^D >>͕


Did You Know?

55.2% (1,226,428 acres) of North Carolina’s estuarin waters are protected from shrimp trawling? Additionally, all inland waters managed by the Wildlife Resources Commission are closed to shrimp trawling? There are approximately 2.2 million acres of open water and 200,000 acres of salt/brackish marsh in coastal North Carolina. The NC Marine Fisheries Commission (NCMFC) has designated 161,830 acres as nursery areas (Primary, Secondary, and Special Secondary Nursery Areas; Table 1), which represent about 7.3% of the total estuarine waters. Table1.1.Designated Designated areasprotected protected from shrimp trawling in coastal waters. Acres of nursery Table areas from shrimp trawling in coastal andand jointjoint waters. Acres of nursery area designations are included in the totals for shrimp trawl area designations are included in the totals for shrimp trawl net prohibited and net managed acres. prohibited and managed acres. Designation Acreage Percent Fisheries Nursery Areas Primary Nursery Areas 76,927 3.5 Permanent Secondary Nursery Areas 47,462 2.1 Special Secondary Nursery Areas 37,441 1.7 Total 161,830 7.3 Shrimp Trawl Net Prohibited Areas (permanent closure)1 Estuarine Waters 999,470 45.0 Ocean Waters 59,225 9.4 Total 1,058,695 54.4 Shrimp Trawl Net Managed Areas (seasonal openings determined by management)2 Estuarine Waters 65,128 2.9 Ocean Waters 86,174 13.7 Total 151,302 16.6 1

Includes Primary and Secondary Nursery Areas, OysterTrawl Sanctuaries, Trawl Netand Prohibited Areas, and Military Danger and Includes Primary and Secondary Nursery Areas, Oyster Sanctuaries, Net Prohibited Areas, Military Danger Prohibited Zones and Prohibited Zones 2 2 Includes Special Secondary Nursery Crab SpawningDesignated Sanctuaries, Designated Includes Special Secondary Nursery Areas, CrabAreas, Spawning Sanctuaries, Pot Areas, No TrawlPot NetAreas, Areas, No Trawl Net Areas, and area by proclamation and managed areas managed by proclamation Source: NCDMF 1

Source: NCDMF

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FISH LIES, PROPOGANDA, FAKE NEWS By Easton Edwards


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“Red Right ….…” HYDROSTATIC RELEASE UNIT The Hydrostatic Release is a key component of your overall survival gear. They are used with Category 1 EPIRBs and the SOLAS A / B survival craft.

important piece of equipment. Also check the expiration dates on your HRU’s for both the EPIRB and Survival craft. https://www.cmhammar.com/products/onboard/h20/

• The SOLAS A and SOLAS B survival craft must be secured with a hydrostatic release unit (HRU), allowing the craft to automatically deploy, float free and inflate. • The EPIRB Cat 1 includes an HRU to automatically deploy. Ensure there are no overhead obstructions that would hinder it to float free. The below web site by Hammer demonstrates how the hydrostatic release works and the importance of installing it correctly. An HRU installed wrong will result in your EPIRB or Survival craft not deploying in an emergency, which could be a fatal mistake. Do not take for granted that someone else installed it properly, always double check the installation of this very small but very

Stay safe and Return…. - Phil Amanna, Coast Guard Auxiliary - Barry Eberhardt, Coast Guard CIV, CFVS


A


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north carolina fisheries association 29


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vessel disasters. Routine vessel maintenance to navigation electronics to life raft repacking are aimed at preventing or surviving a vessel disaster. However, according to NIOSH, Atlantic Coast commercial fishermen are just as likely to die from falling overboard as from a vessel disaster. How should you respond if one of you should fall overboard? That depends on whether you can see the victim or not. Two Scenarios for Man Overboard Recovery Two Scenarios for Man Overboard Recovery Man Overboard is in Sight hermen put a lot of effort into preventing Commercial fishermen putoverboard, a lot of effort intomust preventing If someone witnesses atofall they sound the . Routine vessel maintenance navigation vessel disasters. Routine vessel maintenance to navigation alarm, alerting the restpreventing of the creworto the emergency. Shout fe raft repacking are aimed electronics to lifeat raft repacking are aimed at preventing or Recovery Two Scenarios forside!” Man Overboard out “Man Overboard! Port (or starboard) and get the el disaster. However, to NIOSH, surviving aaccording vessel disaster. However, to NIOSH, Two Scenarios for Man according Overboard Recovery attention of Coast other crew members. Throw something that ommercial fishermen arecommercial just likely to die Atlantic arepreventing just as likely to die Commercial fishermen put aaslot offishermen effort into Commercial fishermen put a lot of effort into preventing Simple Turn floats over the side where the person fell. A life ring, buoy, froma falling overboard as fromshould a navigation vessel disaster. How should or rboard asdisasters. from vessel disaster. How vesselvessel Routine vessel maintenance to navigation disasters. Routine vessel maintenance to electronics to life raft repacking aimed at preventing or may provide you respond ifrepacking one you should fall at overboard? Thator the a boat fender will helpofare mark the spot and one of you should fallraft overboard? That electronics to life are aimed preventing surviving a vessel disaster. However, according to NIOSH, depends onvictim whether you seeare thenearby. victim or not. victim additional flotation ifcan they ether you can seecommercial the or not. surviving a Coast vessel disaster. However, Atlantic fishermen as likely to die to NIOSH, are just according fromCoast falling as from a vessel disaster. How should Manoverboard Overboard is fishermen in Sight Atlantic commercial are just as likely to water die in It’s extremely important to keep the person in the d is in Sight you respond if one of you should fall overboard? That from depends falling overboard as from avictim vessel disaster. How shouldthe on whether you canat seethe the victim or not. sight. directly with anthey outstretched IfPoint someone witnesses a fall overboard, must sound hand. you respond if one of eyes you falland overboard? That nesses aMan fallOverboard overboard, they must the alarm, alerting theshould restthem ofsound the crew to thestop emergency. Shout Don’t take your off don’t pointing. If you is in Sight on whether you can see the victim or not. thedepends restmust of the crew to the emergency. Shout out “Manto Overboard! Portthey (or starboard) side!” get the attend duties, such alerting theand helmsman, If someone witnesses aother fall overboard, mustas sound the attention of other crew members. Throw something board! Port (or starboard) side!” and thetheShout alarm, alerting thecrew rest ofmember the crew to the emergency. get another to get act as spotter. Justthat don’t Man Overboard is in Sight “Man Overboard! Portside (or starboard) side!” and getfell. the A life ring, buoy, or Simple Turn floats over the where the person her crewout members. Throw something that stop pointing until they have a visual that fix on the person attention of other crew members. Throw something a boat fender mark buoy, the spot and may provide theSimple Turn side where the person fell. Ahelp life ring, orbuoy, If someone witnesses awill fall overboard, must floats over the side where the person fell. A life they ring,at or sound the Simple Turn overboard and are pointing directly them. victim additional flotation if they are nearby. boat fender mark the and may provide the will help willalarm, help amark the spot and provide alerting the rest ofmay thespot crew tothe the emergency. Shout Single Turn Manurever victim additional flotation if they are nearby. Immediately upon notification, the helmsman, should It’s extremely important to keep theside!” personand in the al flotation they are nearby. out “ManifOverboard! Port (or starboard) getwater the in It’s extremely important tofunction keepat the person in the water inoutstretched activate the MOB on the chart plotter, if so sight. Point directly the victim with an attention of other crew members. Throw something that hand. sight. Point directly at the victim with anwater outstretched hand. mportant to keep the person in the in Don’t take your offthe them and stopperson pointing. If you equipped. This will eyes mark position the Simple Turn floatsDon’t overtake the side person fell.don’t AofIflife your eyeswhere off them the and don’t stop pointing. youring, buoy, or ctly at the victim with an outstretched hand. must attend to other duties, such as alerting the helmsman, overboard, inhelp case visual ishelmsman, lost. helmsman attend will to other duties, suchthe ascontact alerting a boatmust fender mark spotthe and mayThe provide the getthem another crewdon’t member to member actpointing. as the spotter. Just don’tspotter. Just don’t get another crew to act as the eyes off and stop If you should then turn the helm hard over in the direction that will victimstop additional flotation ifvisual they nearby. pointing until fix are on the personfix on the person they have stop pointing untila they have a visual other duties, such as alerting the helmsman, swing the away from the victim. Make a simple turn overboard andstern are pointing at them. directly overboard and are pointing directly at them. w It’s member totoact asposition the spotter. Just don’t extremely important toofkeep the person in the water back the the person overboard. This isinSingle the Turn Manurever Single Turn Manurever Immediately upon notification, the helmsman, should ntilsight. theyactivate haveImmediately adirectly visual fix on person Point atupon the victim with an outstretched notification, the helmsman, should the MOB function onthe the chart plotter, if so fastest maneuver back to the person overboard. Ifhand. equipped. This will mark thethem position of the person the MOB function on the chart if so areDon’t pointing directly at them. takeactivate your eyes off and don’t stop plotter, pointing. If you necessary, radio for help. overboard, in case visual contact is lost. The helmsman equipped. This will mark the of the helmsman, person Single Turn Manurever must should attend toturn other duties, such asposition alerting then the helm hard over in the direction thatthe will on notification, the helmsman, should overboard, in case visual contact is lost. helmsman Manthe Overboard is Not inact Sight swing stern away from theto victim. Make a simple turnTheJust get another crew member as the spotter. don’t OB function on the chart plotter, if so thenofturn the helm hardThis over in the direction that will back toshould the position the person overboard. is the stop pointing untilback they have aisvisual fix Ifoninthe person If the person nothe longer sight, fastest maneuver person overboard. the theoverboard stern away from victim. Make aeither simplebecause turn will mark theswing position oftothe person overboard and are pointing directly at them. necessary, radio for help. thecontact fall overboard washelmsman not witnessed or visualThis contact back toisthe position of the person overboard. is the was ase visual lost. The Single Turn Manurever Williamson Turn Man Overboard is Not in Sight fastest maneuver back tothe thethat person If lost,hard theupon helmsman activate theoverboard. MOB function on the n the helm over in theshould direction will Immediately notification, helmsman, should necessary, radio Ifchart the person overboard ismake nofor longer in sight,turn because plotter and athe note ofeither the current heading. away from the victim. Make ahelp. simple activate the MOB function on chart plotter, if so the fall overboard was not witnessed or visual contact was Maintaining the same speed, should then execute ition of lost, thethe person overboard. This is the the Man Overboard is Not in Sight Williamson Turna Williamson Turn. Turn the helm hard equipped. This will mark the position ofhelmsman theonperson helmsman should activate the MOB function the over toward side theheading. person fell until vessel is heading 60 degrees from original course. Then plotter and make a from note ofwhich the current eroverboard, back chart to the person overboard. Ifis is visual contact The If in thecase person overboard nolost. longer in helmsman sight, either because Maintaining the same speed, the helmsman should then execute a Williamson Turn. Turn the helm hard o for help. should then the hard over in the direction that will over toward sideoverboard from helm which the person fell until vessel headingcontact 60 degrees from original course. Then theturn fall was not witnessed orisvisual was Williamson Turn swing the lost, sternthe away from the victim. Make simple turn on the helmsman should activate theaMOB function d is Not in Sight north carolina fisheries association 31 plotterofand a note of the current back to thechart position themake person overboard. Thisheading. is the


turn the helm hard over in the opposite direction until on a heading 180 degrees opposite the original course. This will place the person overboard on the side of the vessel from which they fell. Continue along this reciprocal course while searching for the victim. Make a mayday radio call notifying the Coast Guard and vessels in the vicinity of the person overboard so that they can assist in the search. Approaching the Man Overboard In rough conditions, approach the person overboard from the leeward direction. This will prevent the vessel from drifting down on the victim. Ready a crew member as a rescue swimmer by having them don an immersion suit. Man Overboard Recovery If the victim is conscious and able to assist themselves, cast a line attached to a recovery sling to the person overboard. If the sling has flotation, it may also be towed to the victim. Instruct the victim to place the sling over their head and under their arms. Haul the line in to bring the victim alongside the vessel. If the victim is unconscious or unable to assist themselves and it is safe to put a swimmer in the water, attach the rescue swimmer to the vessel with a length of floating line. Use a quick disconnect around the waist to do so. Have the rescue swimmer bring the recovery sling to the victim and secure the sling around the victim so that it is over their head and under their arms. Then haul in the victim so that they are alongside the vessel. Once alongside, rig the rescue sling to the vessel’s lifting gear, if available or haul the victim aboard by hand. In either case, be sure to bring the victim aboard so that they are chest and belly face toward the side of the vessel. Hauling someone over the side of the boat on their back risks causing them serious injury. Immediately evaluate the victim for injuries. If the victim is not breathing, immediately start CPR and make a mayday radio call for assistance. If the rescue swimmer requires help getting aboard, use the rescue sling and lifting gear to bring them aboard. After Care Man overboard victims are frequently very cold and suffering from hypothermia. People with mild hypothermia will be alert, shivering, and may lack full coordination and stumble in their speech. Victims with mild hypothermia are capable of rewarming themselves and will benefit from dry, warm clothing, food, and a warm drink. Those with moderate hypothermia may stop shivering and will exhibit a low level of consciousness. They will exhibit slurred speech and be unsteady on their feet. Victims of moderate hypothermia may not be able to warm themselves and will need prompt medical attention. Victims of severe hypothermia will be unresponsive, exhibit a decreased heart beat and rate of respiration. They are unable to rewarm themselves and require special treatment and immediate medical attention.

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Be Prepared Fate favors those that are prepared. First and foremost, always wear your PFD when on deck and require your crew to do so, a well. A PFD will buy a person overboard time to be rescued. Next, rig up or purchase a dedicated recovery sling. MARSARS™ and LifeSling™ are two popular brands. Keep the sling accessible, in a location known to everyone aboard. Then practice with your recovery sling so that your crew can effect a recovery without having to figure it out on the fly. Write man overboard recovery into the station bill in your vessel’s emergency procedures. Drill man overboard scenarios, both when moored and underway. If moored in a safe location, you can practice with a crew member in the water in an immersion suit. At sea you can practice with a float tossed over the side. Practice simple turns and Williamson Turns so that the helmsman can perform the maneuvers automatically. If you have not already taken a Fishing Vessel Drill Conductor class, do so. If it’s been five or more years since you received training, consider a refresher class. In either case, you will be brought up to date on the latest information on marine safety and survival equipment and skills. When it comes to handling a man overboard scenario, there is no substitute for training and preparation.

north carolina fisheries association 33


THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SURVIVAL

The ThePsychology Psychologyof ofSurvival Survival

Are Aresome somepeople peoplemore morelikely likelyto tosurvive survivean anemergency emergencythan thanothers? others?Survival Survivalisisdetermined determinedto toaalarge large degree degreeby byhow howpeople peoplereact reactto totheir theiremergency. emergency.Before Beforediscussing discussingthe theactions actionsand andattitudes attitudesthat thatlead leadto to survival, survival,let’s let’scover coversome someof ofthe thegeneral generalreactions. reactions. AApercentage percentageof ofsurvivors—estimated survivors—estimatedto tobe beas aslow lowas as12 12percent—feel percent—feelcalm calmduring duringan anemergency. emergency.Being Being calm calmcan canhelp helpyou youmake makethe theright rightmoves, moves,but butbeing beingtoo toocalm calmcan canbe bedangerous, dangerous,especially especiallyififititleads leadsyou you to toinaction inactionor oraafailure failureto toacknowledge acknowledgethe theemergency. emergency.Fear, Fear,likewise, likewise,can canbe behealthy healthyififititmotivates motivatesyou you to toaction, action,but buttoo toomuch muchfear fearcan canbe bedeadly. deadly.Panic Panicoccurs occursless lessfrequently frequentlythan thanisiscommonly commonlybelieved, believed,but but when it does occur it is very contagious. when it does occur it is very contagious. ItIthas hasbeen beenproven proventhat thatpreparation preparationand andtraining traininghelp helpdecrease decreasefear fearand andpanic. panic.Initial Initialreactions reactionsto toan an emergency emergencycan canalso alsoinclude includedenial, denial,and andfeeling feelingnumb, numb,stunned, stunned,or orbewildered. bewildered.Some Somepeople peoplemay maybe bein in psychological psychologicalor orphysical physicalshock, shock,while whileothers othersmay mayexhibit exhibitinappropriate inappropriatebehavior behaviorsuch suchas assearching searchingfor foraa flashlight flashlightinstead insteadof oftaking takingaction actionto torescue rescuesomeone. someone.Still Stillothers othersmay maybecome becomehyperactive, hyperactive,doing doingmuch much but butaccomplishing accomplishinglittle. little. During Duringaasurvival survivalsituation, situation,emotions emotionsmay maychange changefrom fromday dayto today dayor oreven evenhour hourto tohour. hour.Anger—both Anger—bothat at companions companionsand andrescuers—is rescuers—isaacommon commonfeeling. feeling.The Theparticipants participantsin inone onelife liferaft raftdrill drillwere wereready readyto tofight fight after only eleven hours in a raft. In a real emergency, tempers often flare and accusations fly after after only eleven hours in a raft. In a real emergency, tempers often flare and accusations fly after unsuccessful unsuccessfulattempts attemptsto tosignal signalrescuers. rescuers.Anger Angerisisnot notsurprising, surprising,considering consideringthe thecold, cold,cramped, cramped,wet wet conditions conditionsof ofaalife liferaft, raft,but butsustained sustainedanger angercan canbe bedeadly. deadly.AAgood goodrule ruleisisto toresolve resolveyour youranger angerbefore before the theday dayends. ends. While Whilesome somesurvivors survivorsexperience experiencerage, rage,others othersmay maybe betotally totallypassive passiveand andunable unableto tohelp helpthemselves. themselves. Although Althoughpassivity passivitycan canbe beaapsychological psychologicalreaction reactionto tothe theemergency, emergency,ititcan canalso alsobe bebrought broughton onby by seasickness, seasickness,hypothermia, hypothermia,injury, injury,lack lackof ofprescribed prescribedmedications, medications,hunger, hunger,and andthirst. thirst.IfIfthe thecause causeisis psychological, psychological,some somepeople peoplewill willperk perkup upwhen whenasked askedto toperform performsimple simpleuseful usefultasks taskssuch suchas asbailing bailingor or keeping watch, or when directed to help an injured companion. keeping watch, or when directed to help an injured companion. Some Somepeople peopleexperience experienceguilt guiltabout aboutwhat whatthey theydid didor ordid didnot notdo, do,especially especiallyififthey theythink thinkthey they contributed contributedto tothe thedisaster. disaster.This Thiscan canbe beaadebilitating debilitatingemotion emotionififallowed allowedto tocontinue. continue.Guilt Guiltdoes doesnot nothelp help resolve resolvethe thesurvival survivaldilemma. dilemma.After Afterrescue, rescue,the theguilt guiltof ofsurviving survivingwhile whileothers othersdied diedcan canpersist persistfor foryears. years. The Thesuicidal suicidalimpulse impulseisisno nostranger strangeramong amongsurvivors. survivors.The Thecrewmember crewmemberwho whosuddenly suddenlystarts startsover overthe the side, side,saying, saying,“I’m “I’mgoing goingdown downto tothe thecorner cornerfor foraaglass glassof ofbeer,” beer,”isissuffering sufferingfrom fromhallucination hallucinationand and disassociation disassociationof oftime timeand andplace. place.ItItisisyour yourduty dutyto torestrain restrainthem. them. Survivors Survivorstell tellus usaagreat greatdeal dealabout aboutwhy whythey theysurvived. survived.Whether Whethertheir theirordeal ordealinvolved involveddrifting driftingin inaalife life raft, being shipwrecked on land, or being held as a prisoner of war, there are common themes that raft, being shipwrecked on land, or being held as a prisoner of war, there are common themes thatrun run through throughtheir theirstories. stories.Some Someof ofthem themread readlike likeheadlines: headlines: •• •• •• •• •• •

ACCEPT ACCEPTYOUR YOURSITUATION SITUATIONBUT BUTDON’T DON’TGIVE GIVEIN INTO TOIT. IT. ACT ACTLIKE LIKEAASURVIVOR, SURVIVOR,NOT NOTLIKE LIKEAAVICTIM. VICTIM. DON’T DON’TGIVE GIVEUP. UP. BE BEPOSITIVE. POSITIVE. HAVE HAVEAAPLAN. PLAN. PRAY.

Survivors report that it is important to try to regain some sense of control over your situation, especially acting to improve your circumstances. Schedules and routines can also help. 34 bywww.ncfish.org


PRAY.

Survivors report that it is important to try to regain some sense of control over your situation, especially by acting to improve your circumstances. Schedules and routines can also help. When you don’t think you can climb back into the life raft after it has flipped for the sixth time, or you don’t think you can stand another day, don’t give up. Live your ordeal one hour or one minute at a time if necessary. Remember your family and friends, and concentrate on returning home to them. Plan your future. Be positive by talking about when, not if, you will be rescued. Of course, if you have filed a float plan, sent a Mayday, or turned on your EPIRB, it is easier to be positive. Keep a positive mental attitude. Focus on what you want to live for. Many survivors describe the power of prayer in an emergency. Don’t underestimate it. Do not downplay the role your emotions can play. You can do many things to help yourself survive an emergency. Force yourself to stay on your team. Find the will to live! From AMSEA publication, Beating the Odds: A Guide to Commercial Fishing Safety, by Susan Clark Jensen and Jerry Dzugan, used with AMSEA’s permission.

Carteret County Fisherman’s Association Proud Affiliate of the North Carolina Fisheries Association

WŽƚƚĞƌ EĞƚ ĂŶĚ dǁŝŶĞ DĂƌŝŶĞ ĂŶĚ EĞƚ ^ƵƉƉůŝĞƐ sŝƌŐŝů WŽƚƚĞƌ͕ KǁŶĞƌ

,ǁLJ ϯϬϰ

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ZĞƐ ;ϮϱϮͲϳϰϱͲϰϯϰϭ north carolina fisheries association 35


Get involved Become a member in your community CONTACT : North Carolina For-Hire Captain’s Association President: Ryan Williams 910-263-3097 Albemarle Fisherman’s Association Terry Pratt 252-339-7431 Pamlico County Fisherman’s Association Wayne Dunbar Hwd0123@gmail.com 252-670-7467 Oz Hudgins Home: 252-745-7424 Mobile: 252-571-2002 Carteret County Fisherman’s Association Bradley Styron qualityseafood@clis.com Office: 252-225-0073 Mobile: 252-342-8821 Brunswick County Fishermen’s Association Randy Robinson fishmancsx@gmail.com 910-209-3463 Ocracoke Working Waterman’s Association Hardy Plyler hplyler@gmail.com 252-588-0512

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NCFA ANNUAL MEETING WILL BE HELD FEBRUARY 17 10 AM- 2:00 PM

1800 VILLAGE POINT ROAD SW SHALLOTTE, NC 28470 IT’S IMPORTANT THAT ALL MEMBERS TRY TO ATTEND OR ASSIGN PROXIES TO ATTENDING MEMBERS, AS IT TAKES A MINIMUM OF 50, EITHER IN ATTENDANCE OR BY PROXY, TO CONDUCT BUSINESS. THIS IS THE ONE AND ONLY MEETING A YEAR WHERE ALL MEMBERS INCLUDING HALF PERCENTERS, CAN VOTE ON ISSUES AND GIVE DIRECTION FOR THE ORGANIZATION. EMAIL PROXIES TO: NIKKI@NCFISH.ORG or Fax to: 252-726-6200

We will have a "Member Meet & Greet" on February 16, 2020 @ Inlet View Bar & Grill from 4PM-7PM.

north carolina fisheries association 37


NEWS RELEASE

Atlantic StatesAtlantic MarineStates Marine Fisheries Commission PRESS CONTACT: Tina Berger Fisheries Commission

Sustainable and Cooperative Management of Atlantic Coastal Fisheries

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE February 7, 2020

703.842.0740

NEWS RELEASE NEWS RELEASE

ASMFC South Atlantic Board Approves Atlantic Croaker and Spot Addenda Sustainable and Cooperative Management of Atlantic Coastal Fisheries

Sustainable and Cooperative Management of AtlanticFisheries Coastal Fisheries Arlington, VA – The Commission’s South Atlantic State/Federal Management Board approved Addendum FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE PRESS CONTACT: III Tina III to Amendment 1 to the Interstate Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for Atlantic Croaker and Addendum toBerger the February 7, 2020 703.842.0740 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE PRESS CONTACT: Tina Berger Omnibus Amendment to the Interstate FMPs for Spanish Mackerel, Spot, and Spotted Seatrout. These Addenda February 7, 2020 703.842.0740 adjust management of Atlantic croaker spotAtlantic through their respective Traffic Light Approaches (TLA). ASMFCand South Board Approves Atlantic Croaker and Spot Addenda

ASMFCthe South Board Approves Atlantic Croaker and Addenda Arlington, VA which – The Commission’s State/Federal Fisheries Boardrelative approvedlevels Addendum Through annualAtlantic analysis of the TLA, assigns a South colorAtlantic (red, yellow, or Spot green) toManagement characterize III to Amendment 1 to the Interstate Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for Atlantic Croaker and Addendum III to the of indicators that reflect theSouth condition ofState/Federal the fish population (abundanceBoard characteristic) orSpotted fishery (harvest Arlington, VA – The Commission’s Atlantic approved Addendum Omnibus Amendment to the Fisheries Interstate Management FMPs for Spanish Mackerel, Spot, and Seatrout. These Addenda III to Amendment 1 to Management Planabundance (FMP) forand Atlantic Croaker andrespective Addendum III to theApproaches characteristic). If the theInterstate amount Fishery of red, indicating or harvest, in both Traffic characteristics exceeds adjust management of low Atlantic croaker spotlow through their Light (TLA). Omnibus Amendment to theand Interstate formany Spanish Mackerel, Spot, and Spotted TheseIn Addenda threshold levels (30% 60%) FMPs for too years, management actionSeatrout. is triggered. 2018, the Atlantic Croaker Through the annual analysis of the TLA, which assigns color (red, yellow, to characterize relative levels adjust management of Atlantic and spot through their respective Traffic Light aApproaches (TLA).or green)TLAs Technical Committee andcroaker SpotofPlan Review Team recommended updates to (abundance their respective would indicators that reflect the condition of the fish population characteristic) orthat fishery (harvest characteristic). If the amount of red, indicating low abundance or low harvest, in both characteristics exceedsto incorporate additional fishery-independent indices, age information, use of regional characteristics, and changes Through the annual analysis of the TLA, which assigns a color (red, yellow, or green) to characterize relative levels threshold levels (30% and 60%) for too many years, management action is triggered. In 2018, the Atlantic Croaker management-triggering mechanism. of the indicators that reflect the condition of the fish population (abundance characteristic) or fishery (harvest Technical Committee and Spot Plan Review Team recommended updates to their respective TLAs that would

characteristic). If the amount of red, indicating low abundance or low harvest, in both characteristics exceeds incorporate additional fishery-independent indices, age information, use of regional characteristics, and changes to These Addenda mechanisms to enact coastwide management if the amounts of threshold levels (30%change and 60%)the for management-triggering too years, management action is triggered. In 2018, the Atlantic Croaker themany management-triggering mechanism. Technical Spot Plan Team characteristics recommended updates respective TLAs thatand would red forCommittee both the and harvest and Review abundance withintoatheir region (Mid-Atlantic South Atlantic) exceed the management-triggering mechanisms if the amounts of incorporate additional fishery-independent indices, age information, use croaker of regional characteristics, andcoastwide changes toyears for spot. threshold levels for 3 of the 4 These mostAddenda recentchange years for Atlantic and 2 of theto3enact most recentmanagement The red for both the harvest and abundance characteristics within a region (Mid-Atlantic and South Atlantic) exceed the management-triggering mechanism.

Addenda also define commercial and levels recreational responses triggers threshold levelfor(see threshold for 3 of themanagement 4 most recent years for Atlanticto croaker and 2at ofeach the 3 most recent years spot. The Addenda also define commercial and recreational management responses to triggers at each threshold (see table below). Finally, Addenda define the processes for evaluating the fisheriesifwhile triggered are in These Addenda change the the management-triggering mechanisms to enact coastwide management the amounts of measures level table below). Finally, the Addenda define the processes for evaluating the fisheries while triggered measures are in redplace for both harvest and abundance characteristics within a region (Mid-Atlantic and South Atlantic) exceed andthe determining when triggered measures may be removed.

place and determining when triggered be removed. threshold levels for 3 of the 4 most recent years for Atlantic croaker andmeasures 2 of the may 3 most recent years for spot. The Addenda also define commercial Management and recreational Triggers management responses to triggers at each threshold level (see & ReponsesTriggers for Atlantic Croaker & Spot Management & Reponses for Atlantic Croaker & Spot table below). Finally, the Addenda define the processes for evaluating the fisheries while triggered measures are in Recreational Commercial Recreational Commercial Species place and determining when triggeredSpecies measures may be removed.60% Threshold 30% Threshold 30% Threshold 60% Threshold

30% Threshold 60% Threshold 30% Threshold 60% Threshold Bag Limit: up to Bag Limit: up to Measures to achieve 1% Measures to achieve 5% Bag Limit: up to Atlantic Bag Limit: up to Measures to achieve 1% Measures to achieve 5%from Management Triggers & Reponses for Atlantic Croaker & Spot 50 fish for non40 fish for all harvest reduction from harvest reduction Atlantic Croaker Recreational Commercial de minimis states reduction previous 10-year average for reduction previous 10-year average 50 fish for non40 fish for all harvest from harvest from Species Croaker 30% Threshold 60% Threshold states non-de minimis states with no for all states 30% Threshold 60% Threshold de minimis states previous 10-year average for previous 10-year average regulations Bag Limit: up to Bag Limit: up to Measures to achieveminimis 1% Measures to achieve 5%states states non-de states with no all Atlantic Limit: upreduction to Bag from Limit: up to Measures achieve for 1% Measures to achieve 10% 50 fish for non40 fish for all Bagharvest harvesttoreduction from Croaker 50 fish for non- regulations 40 fish for all harvest reduction from harvest reduction from de minimis states previous 10-year average for previous 10-year average de minimis states previous 10-year average for previous 10-year average Spot Bag Limit: up to Bag Limit: up to Measures to achieve 1% Measures to achieve 10% states non-de minimis states with no non-de for allminimis statesstates with no for states all states 50 fish for non40 fish forregulations all harvest reductionregulations from harvest reduction from up to Bag Limit: up to Measures to achieve 1% Measures 10% 10-year average Spot Bag Limit: de minimis states previous 10-year average fortobyachieve previous Note: Regulations will not go into effect unless management is triggered the TLA Analysis. 50 fish for non40 fish for all harvest reduction harvest from states non-defrom minimis states withreduction no for all states Marine Fisheries Commission by the 15 10-year Atlantic coastal states in 1942 for the promotion and de minimis statesThe Atlantic Statesprevious 10-year averagewas for formedprevious average Spot regulations protection of coastal fishery resources. The Commission serves as a deliberative body of the Atlantic coastal states, coordinating states

non-de minimis states with no regulations

for all states

conservation management of is nearshore fishery marine, shell and diadromous species. Note: Regulations will not go intothe effect unlessand management triggered byresources, the TLAincluding Analysis.

1050 N. • Suite 200A-N • Arlington, VA 22201 Note: Regulations will not go into effect unless management is triggered byHighland the TLAStreet Analysis.

703.842.0740 (phone) 703.842.0741 (fax) The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission was formed by the 15 Atlantic coastal states in www.asmfc.org 1942 for the promotion and protection of coastal fishery resources. The Commission serves as a deliberative body of the Atlantic coastal The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission was formed by the 15 Atlantic coastal states in 1942 for the promotion and states, coordinating protection of coastal fishery The Commission serves as a deliberative of the Atlantic coordinating species. the conservation and resources. management of nearshore fishery resources,body including marine,coastal shell states, and diadromous

the conservation and management of nearshore fishery resources, including marine, shell and diadromous species.

1050 N. Highland Street • Suite 200A-N • Arlington, VA 22201

1050 N. Highland Street • Suite 200A-N • Arlington, VA 22201 703.842.0740 (phone) 703.842.0741 (fax) www.asmfc.org 703.842.0740 (phone) 703.842.0741 (fax) www.asmfc.org

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www.ncfish.org


NORTH CAROLINA FISHERIES ASSOCIATION, INC. P.O. Box 86 101 N. 5th Street, Morehead City, NC 28557 www.ncfish.org 252.726.NCFA (6232)

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If you enjoy fresh North Carolina seafood and you support the hardworking fishing families that put it on the plate, become a member today!

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KDD Z / > D D Z^,/W d 'KZ/ ^ Commercial Fisherman Dealers, Packers & Processors

Receive Tradewinds and Weekly Updates with your membership.

$25

a. $1,0000,000 or more

$1250

b. $500,000 - $999,999

$750

c. Up to $499,999

$500

Half Percent Contributor - ½ % of Gross Stock of Catch

Half-percent contributors pay dues based on gross stock of their catch allowing fishermen to pay dues based on a small percentage of their profit. For example, for $1,000 in stock you would pay $5. Participating fish houses deduct the ½%, match it and send it to NCFA. Fishermen and boat owners may contribute a ½% dues without a matching contribution and fish houses may contribute with only a few fishermen.

^^K / d D D Z^,/W d 'KZ/ ^ Individual

Receive Tradewinds with your membership and Weekly Updates via email.

$25

Business Sponsor

Receive Tradewinds with your membership and Weekly Updates via email.

$250

Thank you for joining the North Carolina Fisheries Association! north carolina fisheries association 39