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Bryghus project Connecting the waterfront to the city Copenhagen December 2011

DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209


Preface

This document encompasses an overview of the Bryghus project’s major contributions and opportunities besides an introduction to the ’urban activity node’ subject and an overall description and analysis of the developement of the central Copenhagen context during the last decade • • •

• •

Bryghus project Urban activity node benefits and best practice examples Development of the pedestrian network Car-free streets and public spaces and pedestrian priority streets Development of connections between city and waterfront Development of recreational and cultural destinations Milestones from 2005 towards a future vision

Client:

Consultant:

Realdania Byg A/S

Project Team:

Nørregade 29

Project responsible: Jan Gehl, Professor, Professor, Dr. litt.

5000 Odense C

Project manager: Ewa Westermark, Associate, Architect Project architect: Rikke Sode, Architect

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Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants


Content

Preface............................................................ 2 Content............................................................ 3 Introduction Overview Bryghus project Major contribution to the city.......................... 4 Major opportunities for further initiatives........ 5 Summary - The big picture.............................. 6 Benefits of an urban activity node................. 13 Best practice references .............................. 14 The City towards the water .......................... 20 Life in the area............................................... 24 Analysis Evolution of the city Bryghus project and its co-players................ 26 Vester Voldgade............................................ 28 Frederiksholms Kanal ...................................34 Slotsholmen ..................................................40 Kalvebod Brygge...........................................46 Waterfront..................................................... 52 Getting across - Pedestrian priority...............64 Traffic flows...................................................65 The bicycling city...........................................66 Cultural route................................................. 67 The event city................................................68

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Bryghus project - Major

contributions to the city

A destination linking city and waterfront li Slotsholm en

de

a oldg V. V

Fredriksholms Kanal

nk

Strengthen the recreational waterfront ‘Kalvebod Bølge’

Repairs missing links and adds new destination along the waterfront

Strengthen the cultural waterfront

Harbour Park

Activates and diversifies the area

Slotsholmen

Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

Bryghus project

Royal Library

Kig fra Langebro

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Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

Byplads at night

DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209

Søren Kierkegaards Plads Byplads at night

Islands Brygge 4

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

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Bryghus project - Major

opportunities for further initiatives City Centre

frederiksholms kanal - extension of the pedestrian network to the waterfront

Metro

søren kierkegaards plads - from a deserted space to an active cultural waterfront square New Cultural function

Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

Bryghus project

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Royal Library

Søren Kierkegaards Plads Kig fra Kierkegaard plads

DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209

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32

Waterfront

pedestrian link between royal library and havnegade

pedestrian and bicycle bridge - connecting Vester Voldgade to Christianshavn and Islands Brygge City Centre V. Voldgade Islands Brygge

Havnegade

Royal Library

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Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

Summary - The big picture

OMA Project proposal 2011 6

Byplads at night

Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants

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Kig fra Langebro

OMA Project proposal 2011 Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants

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7


‘Opera

Kongens Nytorv

2005

Vor Frue Plads ‘Nyhavn’ Jarmers Plads

Strøget

Højbro Plads

• An area of opportunities

Gammeltorv

t

de

ræ St

Nytorv

Gammel Strand

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov H.

C.

Teatermuseet

City Hall An d

er

se

ns

Christiansborg

Bo

National Museet

Ve s

ul

te r

ga

‘Knippelsbro’

Royal Library

sK

de

lm

Vo ld

al

an

Dantes Plads

Jewish Museum ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

ho ks

ev ar d

Library Garden

eri

Tivoli

Vandkunsten

Christiansborg Slotsplads Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

d Fre

Axeltorv sage as oP rbr ste Ve

Ny

br og

ad

e

Thorvaldsens Museum

Central Station

Glyptoteket

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Den Classenske Legatskole

ns tia Ch

ris

Otto Mønsteds Plads

Br

yg g

e

‘Kgl. Bibliotek’

Halmtorvet

La

ng

Politigård

eb

ro

Br bo d

‘DGI Byen’

Ka

lve

‘Øksnehallen’

yg g

e

Rysensteen Gymnasium

‘Kødbyen’

The map shows the development of pedestrianised streets, upgraded pedestrian connections and public spaces - squares, parks etc. besides selected key destinations in Copenhagen up to 2005.

Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link

0 ‘Fisketorv’

8

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

N

Key destination Harbour Bath

100

200

300

400

500 m


‘Opera Ofelia Beach

Kongens Nytorv

2011

Playhouse

Vor Frue Plads ‘Nyhavn’ Jarmers Plads

Strøget

Højbro Plads

• New recreational spaces at the waterfront

Gammeltorv

t

de

ræ St

Nytorv

Gammel Strand

Havnegade Park

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov H.

C.

Vandkunsten

‘Teatermuseet’

City Hall An d

er

ns

Christiansborg

Bo

National Museum

Ve s

ul

te r

ga

‘Knippelsbro’

Royal Library

sK

de

lm

Vo ld

al

an

Dantes Plads

Jewish Museum ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

ho ks

ev ar d

Library Garden

eri

Tivoli

se

Christiansborg Slotsplads Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

d Fre

Axeltorv sage as oP rbr ste Ve

Ny

br og

ad

e

Thorvaldsens Museum

Glyptoteket

Central Station

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Den Classenske Legatskole

ns tia Ch

ris

Otto Mønsteds Plads

Br

yg g

e

‘Kgl Bibliotek’

Halmtorvet

La

ng

‘Politigård’

eb

ro

bo d

Br

‘DGI Byen’

Ka

lve

‘Øksnehallen’

yg g

e

‘Skyen’

‘Kødbyen’

‘Rigsarkiv’

Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Kalvebod Park

The map shows the development of pedestrianised streets, upgraded pedestrian connections and public spaces - squares, parks etc. besides selected key destinations in Copenhagen from 2005 - 2011

Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link Key destination

N

Harbour Bath

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

‘Fisketorv’ ‘Bryggebroen’

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants ‘Bryggebroen’

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Opera Ofelia Beach

Kongens Nytorv

2015

Playhouse

Vor Frue Plads Nyhavn Jarmers Plads

Strøget

Højbro Plads

• A new destination by the water • Restoring missing links • Strengthen the cultural and recreational waterfront • Activating the area

Gammeltorv

t

de

ræ St

Gammel Strand

Havnegade Park

Thorvaldsens Museum

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov

Ny Scala H.

C.

Vandkunsten

‘Teatermuseet’

City Hall An d

er

ns

Christiansborg

Bo

National Museum

Ve s

ul

te r

Vo ld

ga

de

lm

‘Knippelsbro’

Royal Library

sK al

an

Dantes Plads

Jewish Museum ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

ho ks

ev ar d

Library Garden

eri

Tivoli

se

Christiansborg Slotsplads Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

d Fre

Axeltorv sage as oP rbr ste Ve

Ny

br og

ad

e

Nytorv

Glyptoteket

Central Station

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Den Classenske Legatskole Bryghus project

‘Cirkelbroen’

Halmtorvet

Br

La

ng

‘Politigård’

ro

yg g

Development site

eb

e

‘Skyen’

Polititorv

bo d

Br

‘DGI Byen’

Ka

lve

‘Øksnehallen’

ns Ch

ris

e

ad

Otto Mønsteds Plads

tia

sG rff

yg g

e

sto

rn

Be

‘Kgl Bibliotek’

‘Kødbyen’

‘Rigsarkiv’

‘Kalvebod Bølge’ Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Kalvebod Park

The map shows the development of pedestrianised streets, upgraded pedestrian connections and public spaces - squares, parks etc. besides selected key destinations in Copenhagen from 2005 - 2011 including projects planned to be established within the period.

Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link Key destination

0 ‘Fisketorv’

10

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

N

Harbour Bath

‘Bryggerampe’

‘Bryggebroen’ ‘Bryggebroen’

100

200

300

400

500 m


Opera Ofelia Beach

Kongens Nytorv

Vision

Playhouse

Vor Frue Plads Nyhavn Jarmers Plads

Strøget

Højbro Plads

• Towards a waterfront city

Gammeltorv

M

t de ræ St Gammel Strand Thorvaldsens Museum

Havnegade Park

ad

e

Nytorv

Vartov

Ny Scala H.

C.

Vandkunsten

Teatermuseet

City Hall An d

er

ns

Christiansborg

Bo

National Museum

Ve s

ul

te r

Vo ld

ga

de

lm

‘Knippelsbro’

Royal Library

sK al

an

Dantes Plads

Jewish Museum ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

ho ks

ev ar d

Library Garden

eri

Tivoli

se

Christiansborg Slotsplads Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

d Fre

Axeltorv sage as oP rbr ste Ve

Ny

br og

M Rådhuspladsen

Glyptoteket

Central Station

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Den Classenske Legatskole Bryghus project

‘Cirkelbroen’

Br Ch

ris

e

Halmtorvet

La

ng

Politigård

ro

yg g

Development site

eb

e

‘Skyen’

Polititorv

bo d

Br

‘DGI Byen’

Ka

lve

‘Øksnehallen’

ns

Otto Mønsteds Plads

ad

M

tia

sG rff

yg g

e

sto

rn

Be

‘Kgl Bibliotek’

‘Kødbyen’

‘Rigsarkiv’

‘Kalvebod Bølge’ ‘Bølgen’

Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Kalvebod Park ‘Islands Brygge’

The map shows the development of pedestrianised streets, upgraded pedestrian conections and public spaces - squares, parks etc. besides selected key destinations in Copenhagen from 2005 - 2011 including projects planned to be established 2015 - 2018 and finally a range of visionary initiatives to strengthen Copenhagen as a city connected to the water.

Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link Key destination

0

Harbour Bath

100

200

300

400

N

500 m

‘Fisketorv’ ‘Bryggerampe’

‘Bryggebroen’

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants ‘Bryggebroen’

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Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

OMA Project proposal 2011 12

Kig til Legeplads & Byplads

Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209

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Benefits of an urban activity node

INTROVERTED MAGNET

URBAN MOTOR EXTROVERTED “FIRST MOOVER”

DESTINATION

CONNECTING

INCLUSIVE & ACTIVE

CATALYST FOR CHANGE

• • • •

Attracts people - generates new pedestrian and bicyle flows Puts the local area on the mental map Enlivens the area Creates a richer city experience A tourist destination

• • •

A meeting place for people creating new social and professional connections Can become a network anchor Establish new connections to the surrounding areas Establish new connections to other functions

• •

Brings a variety of user groups to the area Is active at all times of the day and evening Stimulates body and mind

• •

Generates new visions for the area and reveals new potentials Creates spin-off effects Makes improvements to connections and surrounding areas more viable

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

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Best practice references - Urban activity nodes

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Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants


Playhouse for the Royal Theatre Copenhagen Waterfront cultural institution as urban activity node

The establishment of the cultural destination by the waterfront that has strengthened links to the city and along the waterfront as well as created new reasons to spend time by the water. Indoor and outdoor programmes: Indoor: three stages of varying size foyer with restaurant, caf茅 and serving area workshop offices for administration facilities for the actors; wardrobes, costumes, cantine, library

Main entrance and waterfront promenade around the building

Outdoor: Public area and waterfront promenade. Ofelia beach offer a programme of free concerts, performances and exhibitions from june to september:

Transparent and flexible foyer facing the water

two scenes dance terrace beach volleyball Speakers corner beach bar seating landscape Ofelia Beach, temporary outdoor cultural area adjacent to the playhouse established summer 2011 Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants

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London South Bank

London South Bank Cultural institutions and waterfront as urban activity node

Study A chain of culture institutions on Southbank linked together by a revitalized waterfront

ning the public realm Mixed programme: d outside

Art Theatre Exhibitions ion of London's South Bank provides a Music ng usersFilm and functions day and night. Free events activities flexible spaces areand open to the public

pedestrianized area, including pedestrian bridges Housing Culture - public access free of charge

Millenium n Bridge ge

Office Shops and restaurants

OXO Tower Coin Street Community Housing

a range Attracting of events,all from local school kinds of user groups, 24-7

national fashion shows. Indoor and

Flexible spaces open to the public c spaces, free wi-fi networks, electronic offer opportunities for a wide range of ood places to sit encourage people to activities

Royal al Festival al Hall

nd mingle. Students and professionals Inviting indoor and outdoor

mputers flockmakes to the people South Bank spaces linger which

nformal off ice space.

National Theatre

Charing Cross Bridge

The addition of two pedestrian bridges (Charing Cross and Millenium) acted as a catalyst for the revitalization of Southbank. With improved accessibility a vast mix of institutions and destinations have located along the Waterfront, attracting diverse activities and events as well as people from all walks of life - locals and tourists alike.

Culture and commerce together The Royal Festival Hall

16

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

Tate Modern

National Theatre

a free off ice in the city

Tate Modern

a place to rendezvous

a good cafe


Bryant Park New York public space as an urban activity node

The upgrading of Bryant park in to a vibrant and inclusive public space has been a successful catalyst for change in the surrounding area. Programmed events: Film festivals Musical performances Fashion shows Open-air library Readings and lectures Yoga Ice skating

Permanent activities:

e

treet

e W 4 0 Stree

5th Avenu

Managed by the private nonprofit Bryant Park Corporation

Bryant Park

Size: 39.000 m2 / mAnhAttAn / nYC / 1884, 1992 Daily attendance: 20 people/100 m2 Yearly visitors: 4.2 million Median stay: 35 minutes Staff: 55 people (security, “Bryant Park is one ofevents) the signature examples of New sanitation, gardening, York City’s revival in the 1990’s. Essentially crimeOperating budget: free, the park is filled with office workers on sunny $2.9 million (2000) weekdays, visitors on the weekends, and(winter) revelers Hours: 7 am city -11 pm (summer), 7 am -7 pm

W 42nd S

6 th Avenu

Restaurant and café Free rest rooms Movable chairs Wireless internet

t

during the holidays.”

RefeRence pRoject summaRy Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

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Federation Square Melbourne cultural hub and public space as urban activity node

A city centre cultural hub and public space with both indoor and outdoor public activities, a major meeting place for a variety of user groups.

CarPark

Programmed events:

Permanent activities:

Rent a bike The Melbourne Mobility Centre Australian Centre for the Moving Image Galleries BMW Edge, a glass theatre Restaurants and cafés

NGV Australia

Zinc

Atrium Fracture Gallery

Fed Story

Beer Garden

No Kirra Vacancy Galleries

The Grill

Flinders St

Exhibitions Event launches Performances Forums Films Concerts Fashion shows Workshops

cafe

BMW Edge

Il Pomodoro

ACMI The Square

River Terrace

Free permanent activities:

Melbourne Visitor Centre ”Behind the scenes” tour of Federation Square The Ian Potter Centre - a collection of Aboriginal art NGV Kids Corner The Atrium

18

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

Stage

Transport Hotel Visitor Centre

St Kilda Rd

Federation Wharf


Media Evolution City Malmö Innovation and business cluster as urban activity node

The media sector´s centre for innovation and growth that brings the collective knowledge of a network cluster in to a physical hub. Media Evolution network

Supports all media sectors – not just one TV, Film, entertainment, web, mobile platforms, games, communication, academia, publishing, public sector

Photo: nollpunkt flickr.com

Organisation & Funding

Media Evolution City - The building

14 staff 180 members Started in 2006 Yearly turnover 28 million SEK Start up funding: EU funds, Region Skåne, Malmö Stad, Malmö Högskola, Region Blekinge, Helsingborg stad, Scanvision, Netport

Activities & projects

Business development Innovation & development Venues Business Intelligence Games & learning

Conference held by Media Evolution

The new address for the national television broadcaster, SVT Photo: s_p_o_c on flickr.com

Will be completed in March 2012 7.500 m2 Offices to rent in all sizes, from 1-150 staff Will host 400-500 people from small and large companies Open 24/7 Public ground floor Meeting point

Meeting point - Shared facilities

Access to facilities for meetings, conferences, exhibitions etc. at the Meeting Point. Open to anyone, discounts for inhouse offices.

SVT broadcasting a tv show for children. Photo: Buresk flickr.com

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

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The City to the waterfront

Strøget 1962 Developing a pedestrian network over time... •

The first step & starting point pedestrianising Strøget, 1962

A strong vision and a long term strategy • • • •

From fast to slow city A change from car-oriented to peopleoriented city centre Small and well-planed stages to reduce traffic impact An on-going process to create a coherent network of pedestrianised links and public spaces

Pedestrianised streets & squares

The map shows the development of the pedestrian landscape and public spaces in Copenhagen centre 20

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

N 0

100

200

300

400

500 m


Pedestrian network 1973 Calming of the centre... •

A network under way, 1973 49.200 m 2 carfree streets and squares

Pedestrianised streets & squares

The map shows the development of the pedestrian landscape and public spaces in Copenhagen centre

N 0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects ¡ Urban Quality Consultants

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Situation 2011 Still expanding the network... •

More diversity, 2011

Pedestrianised streets & squares

The map shows the development of the pedestrian landscape and public spaces in Copenhagen centre 22

Gehl Architects ¡ Urban Quality Consultants

N 0

100

200

300

400

500 m


1980 Højbro

2011

al an

Slotsholmen

de ga ffs

Vo ldg ad e

1986-96

r sto rn Be

• • •

Nyhavn partly pedestrianised, 1980 Højbro Plads - car-free, 1986 / renovated 1996 provides access to the ‘secret’ pathways of Slotsholmen Slotsholmen - a ‘filter through’ area Vester Voldgade upgraded, 2011 Frederiksholms Kanal - potential upgraded connection Bernstorffsgade - potential upgraded connection Nyhavn - completely pedestrianised potential upgraded connection

sK olm sh rik de Fre

Ve st er

Developing links to the waterfront • •

Plads

Reaching out to the water...

Nyh avn

Waterfront connection - formal Waterfront connection - informal

The map shows the development of links connecting the city to the water

N Recommended upgrading of connections to the waterfront

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

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Life in the area

Distribution of primary functions Jarmers Plads

Jarmers Plads

Jarmers Plads

Rådhuspladsen d Fre

.A nd

sh

Bo

ule

de

de

H.C

Ve s

er

Vo ld

ga

Bo

se

ns

te r

.A nd

ule

Ve s

er

Vo ld

ga

Bo

va rd

de

se

ns

te r

Vo ld

ga

Bo

ule

va rd

de

ule

e yg g Br tia ris e

e

ng

ro

Br

ro

lve b

lve b

lve b Ka

eb

od

Br

yg g

La

eb

od

Br od

Br od lve b

Isla

nd

sB

ryg

ge

Ka

Ch ng

ro

yg g

La

eb

Ka

ng

ro

ns

Br ris Ch

Ch

La

eb

yg g

e

ng

e

La

yg g

e

ad

Ch

ris

tia

ns tia

tia ris

sg rff

ns

Br

yg g

e yg g

yg g ns

sto

Br

rn

Be

e

va rd

e

ns

te r

.A nd

Ka

se

ga

ns

va rd

al

er

Vo ld

an

.A nd

se

Rådhuspladsen

H.C

Ve s

er

sK olm

te r

H.C

Rådhuspladsen

H.C

erik

Ve s

Jarmers Plads

Housing & Hotels

Office

Cutural destinations

‘Night life’

• •

Housing areas as islands Scattered hotels

Dominant office precincts

Hotel

Public use

Housing and service

Service

Cultural enclaves

Cultural destinations

Central ‘night life’ areas

Restaurants/ Bar/ Café

Housing

The maps depict distributions and concentration of functions generating life in the area during day and night 24

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants


Functions promoting life and activity in the area during different times of day and week Jarmers Plads

er

Vo ld

ga

ule

te r

Vo ld

ga

Bo

ule

de

yg g Ch

ris

tia

ns

Br

yg g ns tia ris Ch e

e

ng

ro

Br

yg g

La

eb

Ka

lve b

od

Br od lve b Ka

ns

Br

yg g ns tia ris

ng

ro

se

va rd

Ch

La

eb

Ve s

er

de

Br

yg g Br ns tia ris

ng

e

.A nd

Vo ld

ga

va rd

Ch

La

yg g

H.C te r

Bo

La

ng

eb

ro

e

va rd

de

ns

yg g

ule

se

Weekday - daytime

Weekday - evening

Weekend - daytime

Weekend - evening

Office, culture, public use, hotels

Housing, hotels, restaurants/ cafés

Housing, hotels, culture

eb

ro

Br

te r

Bo

e

va rd

de

ns

yg g

ule

se

od

ga

lve b

er

Vo ld

Ve s

Br

te r

Bo

.A nd

od

ns

Rådhuspladsen

H.C

Ve s

lve b

se

.A nd

Ka

er

Rådhuspladsen

H.C

Ve s

e

.A nd

e

Rådhuspladsen

H.C

Jarmers Plads

e

Rådhuspladsen

Jarmers Plads

Ka

Jarmers Plads

Housing, hotels, restaurants/ cafés

2015 - Bryghus project contribution •

Adds a multifunctional node promoting activity during day and night time, weekday and weekends

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

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Co-players in the area

Completed and planned projects 2005 - 2015 and some future visions Vester Voldgade area 1. Vester Voldgade - Street upgrade and traffic calming (2011)

16. Area under Langebro - Upgrading and new functions (vision)

2. Vartov - Public space (2011) 3. Dantes Plads - Upgrading (2011)

17. Islands Brygge Habour park and Habour bath - Public park and bath (1991 -2003)

4. Den Classenske Legatskole - ‘Street’ schoolyard (2012)

18. ‘Kalvebod Bølge’ - Recreational space by the water (2012)

Frederiksholms Kanal area 5. Frederiksholms Kanal - Street upgrade (vision)

Slotsholmen area 6. Søren Kierkegaards Plads - Square upgrade and new functions (vision) 7. Slotsholmen - Wayfinding system (on-going) 8. Chr. 4. Bryghus - Revitalisation - new function (investigation) 9. Tøjhusmuseum - New entry facing Søren Kiergaards Plads (vision)

Waterfront 10. Opera - Cultural node (2005) 11. Playhouse - Cultural node (2008) 12. Ofelia Beach - Public event space (2010) 13. ‘Inderhavns’ bridge - Pedetrian and bicycle bridge from Nyhavn to Christianshavn - connector (on-going) 14. ‘Havnegade’ - Habour park and promenade (2011) 15. Link to Langebro - Upgraded access for pedestrians and bicyclists (vision) 26

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

19. Habour bath - Habour bath at Fisketorvet (2003) 20. ‘Bryggebroen’ - Pedestrian and bicycle bridge across the harbour connector (2006) 21. ‘Bryggerampen’ - Ramp to Bryggebroen from Fisketorvet - connector (on-going)

Kalvebod Brygge area 22. ‘Skyen’ - Public space (2011) 23. ‘Kalvebod Brygge West’ - Public space / park (2010) Area for urban development and connection to Vesterbro (on-going) 24. ‘Polititorvet’ - Upgrading of public space and connection to the water (‘Polititorvet and Bernstorffsgade) (on-going) 25. ‘Vesterbro Passage’ - Traffic calming (on-going)

The Cultural route Cultural between cultural institutions in the neighbourhood

The Metro - future ‘City circle line’ New Metro stations at ‘Gammel Strand’, ‘Rådhuspladsen’, ‘København H’ (2018)

M


10

12

Waterfront 11

Frederiksholms Kanal area

13

Vester Voldgade area

Slotsholmen area M

14 7

M

Kalvebod Brygge area

2 25

1 5

3

8

4

M

9 6

15 16 24

23

22

18

17

N 21

0

19 20

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants

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Vester Voldgade area

An important linkage between the central city square and the waterfront Linking central city to the water • • •

An upgraded connection to the waterfront New public spaces for recreation New street layout prioritises pedestrians and bicyclists widened sidewalks and new bicycle lanes

Challenges • •

28

Christian Brygge constitutes a traffic barrier towards the water On street parking along Christians Brygge towards the Harbour Park

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants


Vester Voldgade - 2005

Strøget Pedestrian street The city spine

Jarmers Plads

et

g rø St

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov City Hall Ve s

te r

Bo

Vo ld

National Museum

ga

ul

ev ar d

de

Dantes Plads

N

e

Glyptoteket

‘Den Classenske Legatskole’

yg g

ns

Pedestrianised street & square

Br

se

ns

er

Christiansborg

Pedestrian link

tia

An d

Key destination

0

100

ris

The City ‘heart’ App. 12 minutes walk from Bryghus project (850 m)

C.

Ch

Rådhuspladsen

H.

200

300

400

La

ng

eb

500 m

ro

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

29


Vester Voldgade - 2011 Jarmers Plads

et

g rø St

Vester Voldgade upgrade 2011 Street upgrade - in progress prioritises pedestrians and bicyclists • widened sidewalks, new bicycle lanes and upgraded adjacent public spaces for recreation and meetings • traffic calming

Vartov 2012

Rådhuspladsen

Public square - in progress • an urban oasis for movement and recreation Christiansborg

Vartov H.

C.

City Hall An d

er

Ve s

se

ns

te r

Bo

Vo ld

National Museum

ga

ul

ev ar d

de

Dantes Plads

Den Classenske Legatskole 2012 Forecourt - in progress • 'street school yard' for pauses and play

Glyptoteket

Dantes Plads 2011

‘Den Classenske Legatskole’

yg g Br ris

tia

Pedestrian link

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

100

200

Ch

Key destination

0

ns

Pedestrianised street & square

30

N

e

Public square - completed local retreat for recreation and parking • a stop on the route

300

400

La

ng

eb

500 m

ro


Vester Voldgade - 2015 Jarmers Plads

et

g rø St

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov

Bryghus project 2015 A cultural and recreational node • Adds a linkage to the water • Adds major public spaces to the connection • Completes the upgrading of Vester Voldgade • Makes up a key destination • Constitutes the ‘missing piece’ in the puzzle • Improves pedestrian access under Langebro

H.

C.

City Hall An d

er

Christiansborg Ve s

se

ns

te r

Bo

Vo ld

National Museum

ga

ul

ev ar d

de

Dantes Plads

Bryghus project

N

Br

yg g

e

Glyptoteket

‘Den Classenske Legatskole’

tia Ch

Key destination

DAC 0

Harbour Park

ris

Pedestrian link

City Square & Playground

100

ns

Pedestrianised street & square

200

300

400

La

ng

eb

500 m

ro

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

31


Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

Vester Voldgade Voldgade - 2015 Vester

Strengthen focus point at the waterfront

OMA Project proposal 2011 32

Kig fra Vester Voldgade

Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209

29


Vester Voldgade - Vision Jarmers Plads

Potentials to be developed Cultural link - Glyptoteket to Slotsholmen Christiansborg and other cultural institutions

Metro station 2018 Metrostation

App. 12 min. walk from Bryghus project

t ge

rø St

M

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov H.

C.

City Hall An d

er

Christiansborg Ve s

se

ns

te r

Bo

Vo ld

National Museum

ga

ul

ev ar d

de

Dantes Plads

Bryghus project

N

e

Glyptoteket

‘Den Classenske Legatskole’

Br

yg g

Recommended upgrading of connections & links

tia ris

Pedestrian link Key destination

0

100

ns

Pedestrianised street & square

Ch

200

300

400

La

ng

eb

500 m

ro

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

33


Frederiksholms Kanal area

Key connection between Bryghus project and the central pedestrian network Extend the pedestrian network to the water • • • • • •

An evident connection betweeen the city centre and the water A characteristic and distinct canal environment A historic setting with cultural functions and institutions Proximity to popular visitor destinations A great view towards the water A key link between the new Gammel Strand metro station and the waterfront

Challenges • • • 34

Limited public seating - few benches Extensive on street parking downgrades the streetscape and take up space for other activities Christians Brygge constitutes a traffic barrier towards the water


Fredriksholms Kanal - 2005

Vor Frue Plads

& 2011

Gammel Strand Public space by the canal Cafes and restaurants

Højbro Plads

Gammeltorv & Nytorv Public spaces ‘Outdoor serving and exhibitions’

Gammeltorv et

Nytorv

Gammel Strand

t

de

ræ St

Thorvaldsens Museum

Ny

br og

ad e

g rø St

Vandkunsten

Strædet

Christiansborg

Local shopping street Shared space prioritising pedestians and bicyclists

National Museum

eri

‘Tøjhusmuseet’

ks ho

Vandkunsten

Neighbour public space An ‘in-between’ square

d Fre lm

Royal Library

sK

Public space ‘Pausing and coffee’

a an e

l

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Br yg g

N

tia

ns

Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link

ris

Pedestrian street ‘The city spine’

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Ch

Strøget

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

0

100

Key destination

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

35


towards ‘Ny Nørreport’ Vor Frue Plads

Fredriksholms Kanal - 2015

Højbro Plads

Bryghus project 2015

• •

et

Nytorv

Gammel Strand

t

de

ræ St

Thorvaldsens Museum ad e

g rø St

br og

• •

Gammeltorv

Adds a key destination and anchor point finalising the movement along Frederiksholms Kanal Adds a linkage to the water Adds new public spaces and activity to the canal environment Increases pedestrian and bicycle flows in Fredriksholms Kanal New pedestrian and bicycle bridge to improve accessibility and integration with Slotsholmen

Ny

Vandkunsten

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

Christiansborg

eri

d Fre

National Museum

‘Tøjhusmuseet’

ks ho

Harbour Park

lm

Royal Library

sK

DAC

a an l

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

e

Bryghus project Bryghus project

Br

yg g

N

ris tia

ns

Pedestrianised street & square

Ch

Pedestrian link Key destination

City Square & Playground 0

36

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

100

200

300

400

500 m


towards ‘Ny Nørreport’

Fredriksholms Kanal - Vision

rø St

M

Nytorv

Gammel Strand

t

de

ræ St

Thorvaldsens Museum

Vandkunsten

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

Christiansborg

Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

eri

d Fre

National Museum

ho

ks

‘Tøjhusmuseet’

lm sK

Royal Library

a an l

Chr.IV Bryghus

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

e

Bryghus project Bryghus project Br yg g

N Pedestrianised street & square

tia

ns

Recommended upgrading of connections & links

Pedestrian link

ris

g

et

DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209

Ch

Gammeltorv

ad e

Upgrade of Fredriksholms Kanal as a shared space/ car free street making up a direct linkage to the pedestrian network - Strøget and Strædet Reduce on street parking and increase recreational opportunities Connection to the new metro station at Gammel Strand Strengthening the cultural link - Glyptoteket to Slotsholmen - Christiansborg and other cultural institutions

Højbro Plads

br og

App. 10 minutes walk from Bryghus pr0ject

Ny

Potentials to be developed

Metro station 2018

Vor Frue Plads

31

0

100

Key destination

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

37


Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

Frederiksholms Kanal - Vision

A car-free street leading to waterfront

OMA Project proposal 2011 38

Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants

DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209

31


Bryghusprojektet Projektforslag | Project Proposal Design Rapport

Bryhus Project - 2015

Strengthen recreational public spaces

OMA Project proposal 2011

Byplads at night

Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants DT-OMA-PP100_Design-Rapport_111209

39 27


Slotsholmen area

An area rich in history and stories of the past and future, democracy and power Strengthen the cultural and historical heart of Copenhagen • • • • • •

The cultural next-door neighbour to the Bryghus project Significant and dignified structures and architecture A filter-through area between city and water Lush green spaces Secret routes and retreats Museums, culture and education

Challenges • • •

40

A majority of offices and administration Few evening active functions Søren Kierkegaards Plads appears deserted and inactive with poor climatic conditions and lack of attractions and identity Christians Brygge constitutes a traffic barrier


Slotsholmen area - 2005

Højbro Plads

& 2011

Public space Markets and coffee

Strøget Højbro Plads

Christiansborg Slotsplads Public space

t

de

Demonstrations and gatherings

Thorvaldsens Museum ad e

ræ St

Christiansborg Slotsplads

br og

Vandkunsten

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads Børsen

‘Teatermuseet’ Christiansborg

Library garden A ‘secret’ green retreat

Jewish Museum

d Fre

National Museum

Library garden

eri

‘Tøjhusmuseet’

lm ho

ks sK

Royal Library

al an

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Vo ld

ga

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

de

Neighbour public space An ‘in-between’ square Pedestrianised street & square

N

yg ge

Pedestrian link Key destination

Br tia ns

te r

ris

Ve s

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Ch

Local shopping street Shared space prioritising pedestians and bicyclists

Nytorv

Ny

Strædet

Gammel Strand

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

41


Slotsholmen - 2015 Strøget Højbro Plads

Nytorv

• • •

Thorvaldsens Museum Christiansborg Slotsplads

Vandkunsten

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads

Christiansborg National Museum

Library garden Jewish Museum ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

s lm

ho

ks

eri

Royal Library

Ka

DAC

na l

Ve s

Harbour Park

Børsen

‘Teatermuseet’

d Fre

ræ St

ad e

Composes a key cultural co-player in the area Constitutes a distinct backdrop for Søren Kierkegaards Plads Creates an improved spatial definition of Søren Kierkegaards Plads Creates a new active edge towards Søren Kierkegaards plads Activates Søren Kierkegaards Plads occasionally by temporary events Connecting bridge at Frederiksholms Kanal to improve accessibility and integration with the Bryghus project

br og

Gammel Strand

t de

Ny

Bryghus project 2015

te r

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Vo ld

ga Bryghus project de

N

Pedestrianised street & square

42

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

Br

Key destination

ns tia ris Ch

City Square & Playground

yg g

e

Pedestrian link

0

100

200

300

400

500 m


Slotsholmen - 2015

Kig fra Kierkegaard plads

32

Strengthen the cultural hub and spatial definition

OMA Project proposal 2011 Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants

43


Slotsholmen - Vision

Metro station 2018 App. 10 minutes walk from Bryghus pr0ject

Strøget

Potentials to be developed

• •

t

de

ræ St

Thorvaldsens Museum Christiansborg Slotsplads

Vandkunsten

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads Børsen

‘Teatermuseet’ Christiansborg National Museum

Library Garden Jewish Museum ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

s lm

ho

ks

eri Ka

Royal Library

‘Chr IV Bryghus’

l

Ve s

na

Nytorv

d Fre

M

Gammel Strand

ad e

Højbro Plads

br og

Søren Kierkegaards Plads - revitalisation of the square with new layout and functions to create a fine counterpart and stepping stone to the Bryghus project Chr. IV Bryghus holding new public functions to promote synergy and diversity Possible new entry point to ‘Tøjhusmuseet’ from Søren Kierkegaards Plads Connecting bridge to improve accessibility and integration with the surrounding city and coming Metro station Strengthen connections through Slotsholmen linking to the waterfront A Slotsholmen ‘slow traffic’ core to improve urban and recreational quality Strengthening the cultural link - Glyptoteket to Slotsholmen - Christiansborg and other cultural institutions Improved pedestrian and bicycle access to Havnegade

Ny

te r

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Vo ld

ga Bryghus project de

yg g

e

Recommended upgrading of connections & links

N

Pedestrianised street & square

Unifying surface

Pedestrian link

Pedestrian connection

Ch

ris

tia

ns

Br

Key destination

44

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

0

100

200

300

400

500 m


Slotsholmen - Vision - Revitalise Søren Kierkegaards Plads

Redesign of S. Kierkegaards Plads Minimizing the impact of Christians Brygge - traffic and parking - and negative climatic effects to stimulate recreation

Søren Kierkegaards Plads A cultural event space New entrance ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

New cultural function in Chr. IV Bryghus

Pedestrian link to Havnegade New cultural function Bryghus Project

Royal Library

‘Knippelsbro’

‘Kgl. Bibliotek’

‘Kalvebod Bølge’

Islands Brygge Habour Park & Bath

OMA Project proposal 2011

Kig fra Kierkegaard plads

‘Islands Brygge’ 32

New water bus stop

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

45


Kalvebod Brygge area

An area for on-going urban development and upgrading - a key linkage between the city and the water Connecting Vesterbro to the water • • •

A future linkage of Vesterbro to the waterfront New and upgraded public spaces add more options for recreation and activity Significant new architecture

Challenges • • • •

46

Mostly monofunctional business dominated by administration and bank head offices Mainly active during daytime Is experienced as an ‘in-between’ area and a rear side of the city Kalvebod Brygge constitutes a traffic barrier

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants


t

ge

rø St

Kalvebod Brygge area - 2005

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov Axeltorv

e

H.

ag

ass oP rbr

C.

er

ste Ve

Halmtorvet

City Hall An d

Public space Local meeting place

se

ns

Vesterbro Passage Bo

Ve s

ul

ev ar d

Tivoli

te r

A key linkage to the centre Vo ld

Shopping and nightlife

ga

Dantes Plads

de

Glyptoteket

Central Station rn

Be

Br

yg ge

sG rff sto

Halmtorvet

ns Ch

ris

tia

e

ad

Otto Mønsteds Plads

La

ng

eb

ro

od

Br

‘DGI Byen’ Ka

lve b

‘Øksnehallen’

yg g

e

‘Politigård’

‘Kødbyen’

Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link

Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

N

A multifunctional waterfront

Key destination

park for play and recreation 0

100

200

300

400

500

m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

47


t

ge

rø St

Kalvebod Brygge area - 2011

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov Axeltorv

e

H.

ag

ass oP rbr

C.

City Hall An d

er

ste Ve

se

ns

Bo

Ve s

ul

ev ar d

Tivoli

te r

Vo ld

ga

Dantes Plads

Den Classenske Legatskole

Glyptoteket

Central Station

de

rn

Be

Br

yg ge

sG rff sto

Halmtorvet

ns Ch

ris

tia

e

ad

Otto Mønsteds Plads ‘Politigård’

eb

yg g od

Br

‘DGI Byen’

lve b

‘Øksnehallen’

‘Kødbyen’

‘Rigsarkiv’

Kalvebod Park

Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Kalvebod Park

Connecting public space and park • Future link to Vesterbro • Green space for pausing and movement • Hotel recreational space

skyen Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link

‘Skyen’

Key destination

48

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

ro

Ka

Kalvebod Park ‘Rigsarkiv’ Tivoli Hotel & Congress Centre

ng

e

‘Skyen’

La

0

100

200

300

400

500

m

Public space ‘water square’

N


Kalvebod Brygge area - 2015

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov

Ny Scala Axeltorv

e

H.

ag

ass oP rbr

C.

City Hall An d

er

ste Ve

se

ns

Bo

Ve s

ul

ev ar d

Tivoli

te r

ga

Dantes Plads

Glyptoteket

Central Station

Vo ld

de

Den Classenske Legatskole

Bryghus project

rn

Be

Br

yg ge

sG rff sto

Halmtorvet

‘Politigård’

• •

ns

ro

d Ka lve

‘Kødbyen’

eb

Br

‘DGI Byen’

bo

‘Øksnehallen’

ng

yg g

Development site

Adds a major destination Composes a multifunctional counterbalance and cultural ressource Adds new waterfront public spaces Upgrading under Langebro

La

e

‘Skyen’

Polititorv

Bryghus project 2015 • •

Ch

ris

tia

e

ad

Otto Mønsteds Plads

‘Rigsarkiv’

‘Kalvebod Bølge’ Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Kalvebod Park

N

Harbour Park

Playground & City Square

Urban Connector & DAC

‘Kalvebod Bølge’ Wharf & promenade Strollings and recreation by the water - active and playfull

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

49


Kalvebod Brygge area - Vision

Rådhuspladsen

Vartov

Ny Scala Axeltorv

e

ag

ass oP rbr

H.

C.

ste Ve

City Hall An d

er

Metro station 2018

se

ns

Bo

ev ar d

Tivoli

App. 18 minutes walk from Bryghus pr0ject

te r

Vo ld

ga

Dantes Plads

de

Den Classenske Legatskole

Glyptoteket

Central Station

Bryghus project

rn

Be

M

Ve s

ul

Br

yg ge

sG rff sto

Halmtorvet

‘Politigård’

• •

Recommended upgrading of connections & links

Polititorv

‘Rigsarkiv’

Connection to ‘Kødbyen’

ns

‘Kalvebod Bølge’ Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

Kalvebod Park

‘Kalvebod Brygge Vest’

N

Urban development area

0

ro

od lve b

‘Kødbyen’

Pedestrianised street & square Pedestrian link Key destination

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

eb

Br

‘DGI Byen’

Connection to Dybbølsbro station

50

ng

yg g

Development site ‘Øksnehallen’

Ka

New pedestrian & bicycle bridge connecting to Islands Brygge and Christianshavn Upgrading of connecting street to promote linkages between city, waterfront and Bryghus project - Bernstorffsgade Upgrading of connection between Vesterbro and Slotsholmen - Tietgensgade Future connection to ‘Kødbyen’ from Kalvebod Brygge Park linking Vesterbro to the water

‘Skyen’

La

e

Potentials to be developed •

Ch

ris

tia

e

ad

Otto Mønsteds Plads

100

200

300

400

500

m


New pedestrian and bicycle brigde provides linkage across the harbour

Reference - ‘Bryggebroen’, Copenhagen Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

51


Waterfront

A waterfront of great complexity linking different districts and historic layers of the city • •

A step by step development and change over time - from a working harbour to a multifunctional waterfront An on-going development of new cultural and recreational nodes and hotspots towards creating a stronger recreational and cultural waterfront

Challenges • • • • •

52

The waterfront is dominated by non-public functions e.g. offices and service A disconnected waterfront promenade The waterfront promenade is frequently affected by unattractive layout and lack of recreational options Few connections across the harbour Traffic barriers separate the city from the water

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants


Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants

53


Waterfront - 2005 Waterfront Destinations, connections and access • • • • •

few and solitary destinations little recreation and culture interrupted waterfront promenade with missing links unattractive sections and linkages few connections across the harbour difficult access from bridges

Office Domiciles & Hotels 1997-2001 Head offices and chain hotels • private functions enclose the waterfront

‘Fisketorv’ 2000 Shoppingmall and entertainment centre • introverted building complex xx minutes walk from Bryghus project (1.500m)

Situation •

Cultural nodes

Harbour parks

etor

Wharf & promenade

Harbour baths

Habour Bath 2003

Bridges

Public bath • water play and recreation

54

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

Har

‘Fisk

v’

bou

r Ba th


Royal Library 1999 National library and museums • educational and cultural node

Søren Kierkegaards Plads 1999 Public square • waterfront suare, forecourt to the Royal Library and ‘hallway’ to Slotsholmen

‘Op

erae

n’

Ope

Opera 2005

ra

Copenhagen opera house • high culture ‘strong hold’

‘Nyh

avn ’

Søre

n Ki

erke

Roy al Li

gaa

brar

rds Plad s

y ‘Knip

Housing1975-1978

pels

bro’

Social housing ‘Kgl. B

iblio

tek’

Office Domiciles 1977-1980 Danish Foreign Office - administation • introverted building complex Isla Har nds Bry bou r Pa gge rk &

Office Domiciles 1997-1999 Bank headquater • private functions enclose the waterfront

Bath

Islands Brygge Habour Park 1995-2001 & Harbour Bath 2003 Public park and bath • multifunctional area for recreation

Pedestrianised street & square

Housing and service • ‘from industry to residential quarters’

N

Pedestrian link

‘Havnestad’ 1998-2005

Key destination

Missing links / unattractive sequence

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

55


Waterfront - 2011

Destinations, connections and access • • • •

more performance culture more recreation more cross connection better linkage

Situation •

Cultural nodes

Harbour parks

Wharf & promenade

Harbour baths

Bridges

56

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

Har

‘Fisk

etor

bou

r Ba th

v’

Bryg

geb

‘Bry gge

bro

‘Bryggebroen’ 2006 Pedestrian and bicycle bridge • habour connector

en’

roen


Ofelia Beach 2010

Playhouse 2008

Urban habour park • cultural outdoor summer event space

Copenhagen theatre • a modern cultural anchor point

Havnegade Park 2011 Green promenade and recreation • playing and relaxation by the water

Ofe

lia B

Play h

raen

n Ki

erke

gaa

Roy al Li

brar

rds Plad s

Kgl B

e

Ope

ra

Nyh

neg

Søre

h Ope

ous

Hav

eac

ade

avn

Park

y Knip

pels

bro

iblio

Isla Har nds Bry bou r Pa gge rk &

tek

Bath

Pedestrianised street & square

N

Pedestrian link Key destination

Missing links / unattractive sequence

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

57


Waterfront - 2015

Harbour Park 2015 Play and recreation • water activities • close contact to the water

Destinations, connections and access • • • • •

more culture and attraction more recreation more promenades more cross connections better access and linkage

‘Kalvebod Bølge’ 2012-13 Waterfront promenade and activity spots • focus on water activities - especially kayaking Kig fra Langebro

The Bryghus project 2015 • • • •

28

Adds a major waterfront destination entering into a sequence of waterfront developments Adds new layers to the waterfront experience Composes a cultural and recreational node Adds a new linkage to the waterfront

Situation •

Cultural nodes

Harbour parks

Wharf & promenade

Harbour baths

Bridges

58

‘FFisiskekt eotrov r

bou

r Ba th

v’

‘Bry gge

ram p

e’ ‘Bry gge

Bryg

geb

bro

‘Bryggerampen’ 2012 Pedestrian and bicycle ramp • bridge linkage

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

Har

en’

roen


Bryghus project 2015 Cultural node • multifunctional urban generator Ofe

lia B

Play h

eac

h Ope

raen

ous

‘Nyh

avn s

Hav

n Ki

Bryg

hus

Har

bou

erke

Proj ec

gaa

Roy al Li

brar

rds Plad s

y

rk

Kgl B

Knip

pels

iblio

tek

‘Cirk e

lbro

‘Kal

veb o

d Bø

lge’

ra

Rut e’

ade

avn

Park

‘Ind

erha vns

bro

en’

‘Pro vian tbro ’

‘ Tra

t

r Pa

Ope

Nyh

neg

Søre

e

en’

bro

ngr avsb ro’

‘Inderhavnsbroen’, ‘Proviantbroen’, Trangravsbroen’ 2012 Pedestrian and bicycle bridge • habour connectors

Isla Har nds Bry bou r Pa gge rk &

Bath

‘Cirkelbroen’ 2012 Pedestrian and bicycle bridge • habour connector

Pedestrianised street & square

N

Pedestrian link Key destination

Missing links / unattractive sequence

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

59


Waterfront - 2015 New life at the waterfront

Waterfront life - primary functions

2011

2015 Culture Recreation Nightlife Housing Office & service

60

Gehl Architects 路 Urban Quality Consultants


Waterfront - 2015 Strengthen the recreational waterfront

Harbour Park Hub for play and recreation • water activities • physical activities • reacreation and socialising • close contact to the water

Kig fra Langebro

OMA Project proposal 2011 Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

28

61


Waterfront - Vision

Towards a high class cultural and recreational waterfront •

• •

Creating new pedestrian and bicycling connection across the harbour to further strengthen the recreational hub / triangle New bridge along the waterfront at Frederiksholms Kanal to further strengthen the waterfront connection - promenade New cultural institution and attraction of Søren Kierkegaards Plads to further strengthen the cultural node Strengthen and restoring missing link along the waterfront e.g under Langebro connecting Islands Brygge to Christianshavn Improved pedestrian and bicyle access to Havnegade and Nyhavn - the Playhouse Improved water bus service and more stops to strengthen comfort and accessibility

‘Kalvebod Bølge’

New waterbus stops

Connecting Søren Kierkegaards Plads and the Harbour Park to ‘Kalvebod Bølge’ and Islands Brygge Harbour Park

‘Islands Brygge’

Har

‘Fisk

etor

bou

r Ba th

v’ ‘Bry gge

ram p

e’ ‘Bry gge

‘Bry gge

bro

bro

62

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

en’

en’


Completion of Nyhavn towards the waterfront

Ofe

lia B

Play h

eac

h ‘Op

erae

ous

‘Nyh

avn s

New pedestrian and bicycle bridge Connecting the Bryghus project and

Hav

Søre

n Ki

Bryg

hus

Har

bou

erke

Proj ec

Roy al Li

gaa

brar

rds Plad s

y

rk

‘Kgl B

pels

iblio

tek’

Ope

ra

‘Nyh

ade

Park

‘Ind

erha vns

bro

en’

‘Pro vian tbro ’

‘ Tra ‘Knip

t

r Pa

n’

avn ’

neg

Slotshomen to Islands Brygge and Christianshavn

Rut e’

e

‘Cirk e

bro’

ngr avsb ro’

lbro

‘Kal

veb o

d Bø

‘Isla

nds

lge’

Bryg

ge’

en’

Pedestrian link to Havnegade Isla Har nds Bry bou r Pa gge rk &

Restoring missing link between Bryghus project, Søren Kierkegaards Plads, Royal Library and Havnegade Bath

Pedestrianised street & square

N

Pedestrian link Key destination

Recommended upgrading of connections & links

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

63


Getting across - Pedestrian priority

First class pedestrian crossings

Copenhagen ‘toolbox’

To promote easy and pleasant pedestrian linkages between the city, the Bryghus project and waterfront focus should be on signalising high pedestrian priority along the key routes Vester Voldgade and Frederiksholms Kanal especially at street intersections providing high quality pedestrian friendly crossing opportunities

60,000 cars 40,600 pedestrians Crossing manifested through high quality paving materials Strøget / Nørregade

Direct and simple crossing position according to natural pedestrian desire lines

Legible designated, wide and clearly marked crossings

Wide crossing allows a high number of pedestrians and cars to intersect on a dayto-day basis H.C. Andersens Boulevard

Convenient

Gammel Kongevej

pleasant walking flow with good balance between walking and waiting, dedicated pedestrian signals

Smooth

Medians enable crossing without forcing a specific route Østerbrogade

no interruptions, ramps and dropped kerbs level out height differences

Comfortable and safe refuges and medians provide stopovers and allow for more informal crossing

Refuge makes crossing more easy and safe Falkoner Allé Timed pedestrian signal infoming about waiting/ crossing time Strøget

64

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants


Traffic flows - How many?

Kongens Nytorv

ad e br og

,0 66

50

30

e

ag

Chr.

s lm

ga

Ny

de

ga

ns

e tg Tie

An d

er

se

ns

de

1,3

an

ti ris

90

Bo

ul

Ch

Bryghus project

ev ar d

70

e

,17

eb

0

yg g

e

ro

Br d

76

0

bo lve Ka

0

,06

50

Tie tg en

sg

ad

0*

rd

,18

de

22

Shared space street with reduced car traffic and a minimum of parking

ga

ng

00

Fr.holms Kanal north

Vo ld

La

3,8

te r

e

al

.A Pedestrian friendly nd e en crossings lead rsacross sB ou lev and along a

Ve s

ad

an

.C

sG rff

sK

Sto

Stormgade H

63

lm

50

0

,80

10

ho Fr.

0 ,00gade 4 1 rm

26

sto

rn

,10

Be

0*

**

6,4

3,6

ge

ryg

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l

0

C.

na

H.

Ka

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ho

te r

,03

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Ve s

ks er i

ste Ve

de

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ass oP rbr

0 ,00 ade 14Stormg

3,6

6,8

00

0

,60

40

1,5

M

17,5

IV B

80

ro

Ny

Rådhuspladsen

26

M

Vision

**

70

0

Fr.holms Kanal south sK

lm

ho Fr.

Free of parking and unnecessary car traffic

n re

al

an

H.

C.

An d

er

se

Ve s

Bo

ul

ev ar d

90

Vo ld

ga

e

,10

ry gg

r. B

26

Ch

yg ge

Bryghus Project

de

0

ns

K

L

Traffic volumes per weekday in streets nearby the Bryghus project

l. .P

1,3

te r

Christians Brygge

Pedestrian friendly crossings in Vester Voldgade and Fr.holms Kanal to the water. Wide crosswalk promote linkage between the Bryghus project recreational spaces Traffic calming of Søren Kierkegaards Plads change of layout and remove parking

lve

bo

d

Br

an Cars and bicycles: 2010 (7 am-7 pm) (KK), *2008 ge (6 am-6 pm) (KK), ***2007 (6 am-6 pm) (KK) b Pedestrians 2008 (7 am-8 pm) (GA), **2005 (10roam-8 pm) (GA) , Source: KK - Københavns Kommune, GA - Gehl Architects Ka

M

t

ge

ø Str

40

,79

57

The more car traffic the more impact on the pedestrian environment generating a range of obstacles to overcome: barrier effects, complicated crossings, waiting times and unsafe situations. The present traffic volumes in Stormgade and Christians Brygge indicate situations that can be resoved by the right pedestrian focus

6,9

Traffic volumes versus comfort

Pedestrian traffic Car traffic

N 0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

65


Ofelia Beach

H. C. Ørsteds Park

Kongens Nytorv

The bicycling city

Skuespilshus

Nyh

avn

Vor Frue Plads

Højbro Plads

A bicycle network connecting to major destinations

Gammeltorv

Gammel Strand

Nytorv

Thorvaldsens Museum

City Hall

Potentials to be developed •

The Bryghus project can constitute an exchange node - a switch from car to bicycle New routes and improved bicycle options to provide a fine grained bicycle network Bicycle routes to connect the waterfront to the city New bicycle routes to connect the cultural institutions Station for rental city bicycles

• • • •

Christiansborg

Vandkunsten

Rådhuspladsen

‘Teatermuseum’ National Museum Jewish Museum ‘Tøjhusmuseet’

Dansk Design Center

Royal library

Tivoli

(Copenhagen City Museum) Central Station

Bryghus project

Glyptoteket

‘DGI byen’

‘Kødbyen’ ‘Kalvebod Bølge’

CAR

Islands Brygge Harbour Park & Bath

PLAYGROUND

WATER RECREATION

Bicycle lane

WATERBUS

BICYCLE

Bicycle option

WATERBUS

CITY HUB

The ‘Green’ Bicycle route Potential new bicycle option - GA TAXI WALK

BUS

66

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

N


Opera

Cultural route Art Society Gl. Strand

Photographic Centre

Nearby cultural destinations and numerous visitors

Thorvaldsens Museum Christiansborg

60,400

243,500

Number of visitors per year (2008/ *2010)

Glyptoteket

(Copenhagen City Museum)

313,200

Bryghus project 200,000

(prognosis)

yg g Br ns

350,000

38,000

Borup Højskole

23,000

Royal Library

tia

1,067,000*

‘Tøjhusmuseet’

e

87,000

1000 m

24,000 Jewish Museum

Danish Design Centre 373,300 Tivoli

500 m

• •

Cultural partership Coordination of opening hours and days with free adminission ‘One-ticket’ system Routes revealing different urban experiences and telling stories of Copenhagen Coordinated information and communication The Bryghus project can form a starting point for tours in the area Bringing local characteristics and history into play Introduce the ‘culture’ bicycle

ris

• •

Ch

Potentials to be developed

‘Teatermuseum’ National Museum

La

ng

eb

ro

N 0

Source: ‘Metropolzonen, Helhedsanalyse 2008’, Gehl Architects and Nyvig, ‘Slotshomen - forslag til visionsplan’, Slots og Ejendomsstyrelsen

100

200

300

400

500 m

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

67


The event city

Major annual events in Copenhagen International Day Nyhavn Christmas Market Environment Traffic Day Ice-skating rink at Kongens Nytorv Ice-skating rink at Frederiksberg Environment Festival Copenhagen Pride Parade

Events as part of a the urban culture • • •

Culture Night

More public spaces and more leisure time An increasing number af events take place in the public spaces A wide range of events

Whit Carnival Jazz Festival Copenhagen Marathon

1980

1990

2000

Challenges •

68

Most events take place during summer

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

Source: ‘Nyt Byliv 2005’, Gehl, Gemzøe, Kirknæs & Søndergaard


Harbour Park

A platform for water events

Copenhagen Event calendar 2005 Kig fra Kierkegaard plads

32

Søren Kierkegaards Plads

A platform for larger cultural events

Potentials to be developed •

Rock Concert at Rosenborg (Save the Children)

The Bryghus project can contribute to establish a new event culture in collaboration with nearby institutions The Urban Passage can be of great value as an ‘indoor’ public space for winter activities to supplement the event calendar

Free city bikes celebrate 10-year birthday Kongens Nytorv renovation inaugurated BMX track inaugurated near Field’s shopping centre Veteran car show at Axeltorv Workers’ International Day Danish Liberation Day (WWII)

Night Film Festival Tivoli opens Flea market at Israel Square

Chinese New Year celebration at Town Hall Square Winter sales

January

Ice-skating rink at Kongens Nytorv

Shrovetide celebrations

Bakken amusement park opens with the arrival of a motorcycle cavalcade that starts 11 km away in Nørrebro

February

Shrovetide celebrations Environment Festival

March

Arts and crafts market

Gammel Strand antique market Christianshavner Mile 2005

Whit Carnival

Go Skate Day parade from Town Hall Square to Fælledparken

Culture Harbour (Islandsbryg­ge/Kalvebodbrygge)

Copenhagen Pride Parade Free film screening at Vanløse Square

Royal Ballet at Kastellet

Whit Carnival

Open-air film at Town Hall Square

Cycle Day: Danish Cyclist Union

School summer holiday begins

Ørestad mini-marathon

Copenhagen Marathon

Market day on Værnedamsvej

Free film screenings in Vester­bro, Amager and Frederiksberg

Free film screening in Utterslev, Islandsbrygge, Christianshavn and Frederiksberg

Christianshavner Mile 2005

Copenhagen Historic Grand Prix

Summer gymnastics in Fælledparken

Flea market at Israel Square

Arts and crafts market at Gammeltorv

Gammel Strand antique market

Flea market at Israel Square

Copenhagen Bazaar

Gammel Strand antique market

Design, arts and crafts in tent at Nytorv

Copenhagen Bazaar

Arts and crafts market at Gammeltorv

Design, arts and crafts in a tent at Nytorv

Christianshavner Mile 2005

Flea market at Town Hall Square in support of children’s aid Gammel Strand antique market Flea market at Israel Square Arts and crafts market at Gammeltorv Christianshavner Mile 2005 French antique market

Copenhagen Marathon

Source: ‘Nyt Byliv 2005’, Gehl, Gemzøe, Kirknæs & Søndergaard

Walkathon

Copenhagen Jazz Festival

May

April

Stand-up Opera outdoors

Midsummer celebrations in Fælledparken, Islands Bryg­ge, Middelgrundsfortet, and the area between Øksnehallen and DGI-byen

World Cup Gay Soccer

Environment Festival at Town Hall Square, the Lakes, Enghave Park Opening of Ørestad North, new development

Open-air opera in Fælledparken

Inauguration of Hein Heinsen’s sculpture in Ørestad South

High school graduates dance around the statue at Kongens Nytorv

Norway celebrates 100 years of independence

Parliamentary elections

Crown Princess inaugurates Amager Beach Park

May Day

June

High school graduates

Italian market at Thorvaldsen Square Film festival Copenhagen International Day Christianshavner Mile 2005 Flea market at Israel Square Gammel Strand antique market

Copenhagen International Day

Index 2005 design exhibition Dance festival Children’s film festival Culture festival Car-free days in Copenhagen Waiters’ race at Gråbrødre Torv

Local authority and regional elections

Christianshavner Mile 2005

Tivoli Christmas Market opens

Flea market at Israel Square

Book forum Christmas tree lighting ceremony at Town Hall Square

Arts and crafts market at Gammeltorv

Buy Nothing Day

Gammel Strand antique market Copenhagen Bazaar

Copenhagen Bazaar Design, arts and crafts in tent at Nytorv

French antique market in Ørestad

August

Copenhagen Pride Parade

Make use of the indoor climate for events in wintertime

Copenhagen Birthday Grand Parade from Valby hilltop to Tivoli to honour Hans Christian Andersen

Design, arts and crafts in tent at Nytorv

July

Urban Connector

Town Hall celebrates Golden Jubilee with rock concert at Town Hall Square

Hans Christian Ander­ sen parade

September

Copenhagen Jazz Festival

Ice-skating rink opens at Kongens Nytorv

Culture Night

Operation Day’s Work (high school students earn money for charity)

Flea market at Israel Square

Christmas market opens in Nyhavn

Ramadan

October

Index 2005

Tivoli Christmas Market World Aids Day Ice-skating rink opens at Genforeningsplads Christmas market opens in Christiania Christmas market in Nyhavn

November

Waiters’ race

Local authority and regional elections

December

Christmas market in Nyhavn

Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants

69

Bryghus Project. Connecting the waterfront to the city  

This document encompasses an overview of the Bryghus project’s major contributions and opportunities besides an introduction to the ’urban a...

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