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14

26.11.2013 PartB 15

VISUAL ARTS / MUSIC

CHINESE MISSY

FROM RUSSIA, WITH LOVE

T

he collapse of the Romanov dynasty through the Russian revolution of 1917 signalled a period of change in all aspects of life in Russia, and as a consequence there was a new, communist outlook on artistic endeavours. Art had already moved away from decorative, patronal â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;high artâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; which VRPHZKDW GHŕŽ&#x160;QHG WKH 7VDULVW period, and at the beginning of the 20th century, Moscow was becoming a meeting place for revolutionary movements in Europe. When one considers that by Khrushchevâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1964 removal, Russia was completely out of sync with the artistic developments of the continent, it could be argued that the massive political changes that the country underwent during this time had a detrimental, not progressive, HŕŽ&#x2030;HFWRQ5XVVLDQDUW 7KH ŕŽ&#x160;UVW \HDUV RI WKH QHZ Soviet regime from 1917-21â&#x20AC;&#x201D; â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Heroic Communismâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;&#x201D;had the feeling of revolutionary zest in ERWKSROLWLFVDQGDUW7KHDUWLVWV had already made avant-garde discoveries in material, volume and construction, which underlay Futurism and Cubism and like the Soviets, who wanted to rid their â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;new countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; of its connections with the bourgeois sysWHP WKH\ KDG RYHUWKURZQ 7KH DUWLVWVZDQWHGWRVKDNHRŕŽ&#x2030;DQ\ outdated notions in art through â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;new houses, new streets, new objects of everyday lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. PaintLQJZDVYLHZHGDVDVXSHUŕŽ&#x160;FLDO speculative activity; its brushes outmoded tools, so instead they became heavily involved in the changed culture they had been given a part in. For instance, WKH\ GHFRUDWHG WUDLQV OLNH â&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;Ź7KH Red Cossackâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in an ornate style with revolutionary themes. 7KHLU LQJHQXLW\ PHDQW WKH\ were able to convey the politiFDO WKURXJK WKH DUWLVWLF E\ ŕŽ&#x160;W ting the trains out with propaganda and made art a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;usefulâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; medium by â&#x20AC;&#x2122;convincing the people that the Bolsheviks would bring them a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;shining futureâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;&#x2122;. However, Leninâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s government did not seem to understand the irony that the Proletarian culture they were creating was one that the Workersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; were oblivious to; they mainly read religious books and had no inclinations about art, and the new culture was, inadvertently or not, geared towards the elite. 7KH HSRFK RI 6RFLDOLVW 5HDOLVP

was introduced in 1932, and art in Russia was to be changed forever. Joseph Stalin had come to sole power in 1929 and designed a dictatorship to control every aspect of Russian society, including paintings, sculpture and architecture; the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Party policyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; meant his policy, and it was unavoidable. Stalin decreed that the aesthetics of art must be Proletarian: relevant and understandable for the workers, 7\SLFDO VFHQHV RI WKH SHRSOHâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹV everyday life, Realistic: representing things as they are and Partisan: supportive of the aims RIWKH6WDWHDQG3DUW\7KHLURQ\ was that the artist could not depict life as he saw it, because anything with any sort of negative implications about the Soviets was censored or disallowed. Whilst Western commercial PDVVFXOWXUHZDVGHŕŽ&#x160;QHGE\WKH middle class in the commercial market, as said by Marianne Arens, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Stalinist mass culture functioned in the absence of the market. Instead of attempting to please the masses, the goal of the latter was to re-educate the masses to become â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;new people.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; However, Soviet paintings were unattainable ideals for the people that Stalin aimed them IRUâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;Ź7KH'HIHQFHRI6HYDVWRSROâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ź E\ $OHNVDQGU 'HLQHND  VKRZV muscular, young Slavic soldiers striding into the incoming enemy, dressed in white as if they were angels, with a burning red sky above them as if engaged LQ ŕŽ&#x160;JKWLQJ IRU â&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;ŹWUXWKâ&#x20AC;Ť Ú&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹDJDLQVW D hellish land. It is clear that such a painting was meant to inspire the Russians with hope for the approaching war, yet it fails to portray any sense of reality and has a subtle sense of fabrication and hoax which could be easily attributed to the Stalinist era. Paintings of Socialist Realism not only had to have a VSHFLŕŽ&#x160;F XQGHUWRQH LQ OLQH ZLWK Stalinist politics, but they had to conform to a certain â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;kitschâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; painterly style. As one can see in â&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;Ź+LJKHU DQG +LJKHUâ&#x20AC;Ť Ú&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹE\ 6HUDŕŽ&#x160; PD5\DQJLQD7KHSHRSOHLQWKH pictures have no clear facial features; the forms melt together into an image of a united people who share the Soviet vision. 7KHVKLQLQJVNLQDQGSDQRUDPLF backdrop create the glory in the picture, where through industry (represented by the ladder) the Worker can metaphorically and physically climb to new heights. 7KLVVW\OHLVSDUWLFXODUO\GHPRQ

strated in paintings of the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Cult of personalityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;; paintings of Stalin that portrayed him to the masses as heroic and benevolent, self-prescribed by him. 7KH SDLQWLQJ â&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;Ź/HDGHU 7HDFKHU Friendâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; depicts Stalin looking KHDYHQO\ DQG HŕŽ&#x2030;RUWOHVVO\ ŕŽ&#x2039;DZ less, displaying these admirable qualities simultaneously, whilst he is looked up at and adorned by colleagues and employees in a government room. Portraits of Stalin show him in pristine miliWDU\ XQLIRUP SHUIHFWO\ FRLŕŽ&#x2030;HG hair and moustache, often clutching a newspaper to show his engagement with the ordinary Russian people, and would be painted warmly to imply a likeable character. In Prague, Stalin had a giant statue of him-

"

Their ingenuity meant

they were able to convey the political through the artistic

"

self built with a worker, peasant, intellectual and a soldier lined up behind him, as if to say â&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;ŹWKH\DOOIROORZPHâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ź,WZDV7URW VN\  ZKR VDLG â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Ź7KH DUW RI WKH Stalinist period will remain as the frankest expression of the profound decline of the proletarian revolutionâ&#x20AC;? and it could be argued that the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;forcedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; art RI WKH 6WDOLQLVW SHULRG UHŕŽ&#x2039;HFWV this; work which is untruthful and places individuals on pedestals, at odds with the very ethos of Soviet communism. Russian art during 1917EHFDPHQRWRQO\DUHŕŽ&#x2039;HF tion of Soviet politics but an LQŕŽ&#x2039;XHQFH RQ WKHP SDUWLFXODUO\ through propaganda art and 6RFLDOLVW 5HDOLVP 7KH SROLWLFDO ideology caused the concept of what â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;artâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; actually meant to change; a medium of social â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;usefulnessâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; during Leninâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s time, and during Stalinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s art was a projection of the socialist social order. However, what is ultimately crucial, is that the Soviets inhibited freedom of creativity and thus, art in this time was QRWDEOHWRŕŽ&#x2039;RXULVKDVLWVKRXOG have been and did elsewhere. -$'(-$&.0$1

CHINESE MISSY

Marc_Smith

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hinese Missy are a London-based four piece rockâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;nâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;roll band, and theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been making a name for themselves in the capital over the SDVW\HDU7KHJURXSKDVUHFHQW ly begun a headline residency at WKH1RWWLQJ+LOO$UWV&OXEâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŹWKLV ZLOOEHFRQWLQXLQJLQWRWKH1HZ <HDUâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŹDQGFRQVLVWHQWO\GUDZVD capacity crowd. However, when not fronting the group, lead singer and guitarist Bello Ingram is an undergraduate student here at the LSE. As you would hope from any musically enterprising student at the LSE, the quartet have a political element which they label a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;smattering of political commentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. I went to see them SHUIRUP LQ 1RWWLQJ +LOO ODVW Wednesday, and as expected a large audience awaited â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;the Missyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. 7KHLU VRXQG LV DQ H[SORVLYH culmination of trashy rock with intermittent Zeppelin-esque ULŕŽ&#x2030;V DQG 6WUXPPHULQVSLUHG O\ULFV7KHJURXS VOLYHJLJVGLV play the sort of eccentrisms normally inolved with young bands, surrounded by Vietnamese lanterns, as well as several cardboard cut-outs of Welsh Corgis. Beginning their set with the KLJKRFWDQHâ&#x20AC;Ť'Ú?â&#x20AC;ŹLVUDHOLâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹWKHEDQG illustrated their capacity to indulge in political japery, poking gentle fun at the former prime minister who advocated the â&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;Ź2QH1DWLRQâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹGRFWULQH 0LVV\ V SROLWLFDO OHDQLQJV were most obvious in songs such as â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Fighting in the Congo Warâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Blue Goldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;; the latter being a damning indictment of FRPPRGLŕŽ&#x160;FDWLRQRIZDWHULQWKH third world. 7KURXJKRXW WKHLU VHW WKH audience remained engaged, as Bello enthusiastically interacted with the Arts Club crowd. However duirng â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Manhattan 'ROODUVâ&#x20AC;Ť Ú&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹLW EHFDPH DSSDUHQW WKDWWKHRXWŕŽ&#x160;WLVPXFKPRUHSR liticised than their own social PHGLDSUHVHQFHVXJJHVWHG7KH song is a critique of the contem-

porary incarnation of capitalism and in particular neo-liberal principles. 7KHVHWFOLPD[HGZLWKâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ?â&#x20AC;Ź-LODU iosuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, a song which endears itself to the audience more than DQ\RWKHU7KHVRQJRQO\KDVRQH line: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s our generation soundâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, DQGZDVâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŹSXWVLPSO\â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŹIXQ Chinese Missy has recently supported Young Kato in Bristol, which could be a huge break for the guys. Young Kato themselves have just featured on the popular Channel 4 show Made in Chelsea and are likely to play a role in shaping the pop-music VFHQH KDYLQJ VXSSRUWHG 10( bands like Bastille and Peace in the very recent past. Aside from this success, it is important to rember that frontman Bello studies Geography at the LSE. Some of Ingramâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s previous musical enterprises include playing on our very own Houghton Street two summers ago. Being a student here has DŕŽ&#x2030;RUGHGWKHRSSRUWXQLW\WRSOD\ at other prominent London venXHVVXFKDVWKH&DPGHQ%DUŕŽ&#x2039;\ DQG WKH 'XEOLQ &DVWOH DOVR LQ Camden). It is difficult to imagine a better place to begin a musical career than London, exFHSW PD\EH 1HZ <RUNâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹV /RZHU East Side. Chinese Missy are an increasingly unique band in the milieu of contemporary music, focusing on the intensity of their live performances above all else, however comparisons to Jagger may be a little premature. 7KH JX\V DUH SOD\LQJ WKHLU QH[WJLJDWWKH1RWWLQJ+LOO$UWV &OXE RQ WKH WK RI 'HFHPEHU ,W V IUHH LQ VR LWâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹV ZRUWK GURS ping by even if their sound isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t something you would traditionally listen to. &2125'2+(57<


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R?M-EJI#[EII\ For more information, see their website transferwise.com @transferwise Images: Joe Cross and Gillian Cafiero


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WAR REPORT: LGBT RIGHTS IN RU

The creature we are watching will struggle on and on until it drops. Not because it is heroic. It can imagine no alternative.

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!"

christopher isherwood

WHY WE STILL NEED PRIDE

#

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Teaching Task Force Interim Report (not for general release)

1. The Task Force has so far considered the issue of better balancing research with teaching.



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1.1. The University is of the opinion research should be better balanced with teaching. 1.2. The student representatives have argued that teaching should instead be better balanced with research. 2. Independent experts have been commissioned to further investigate the issue, and have concluded that teaching and research should be balanced. 3. We are, at present, still deciding what to do.

KDW 4. The panel is likely to take no further action at this point. 5. The following options have been considered. 5.1. Taking no action 5.2. Not taking no action 5.3. Maybe taking action 5.4. Beginning a consultation process into doing nothing 5.5. Reconvening in two months to do nothing 5.6. Having lunch 6. We have not yet decided whether or not to not have lunch or not.  The Task Force recommends that the Academic Considerations and Recommendations Committee meet to consider these issues and make recommendations.

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