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ᑲᐅᓇᐸᑕᐠ ᑫᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᐃᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ


Aboriginal Access to Engineering Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Beamish-Munro Hall 300 Queen’s University Kingston ON K7L 3N6 aboriginalaccess.ca

Parents and Teachers, All children love to play and explore the world in different ways. They invent bulldozers with their boots in the snow, or create bubbles by splashing through puddles. They also design solutions to problems by finding a way to climb up on a counter to nab a cookie! Children can be very imaginative and innovative when presented with a challenge! These qualities – imagination, creativity, inventiveness, problem-solving and design skills – are all hallmarks of budding engineers. Canada’s engineering profession needs more young people to build solutions for the future, and Aboriginal communities have the youngest population in the country. Canada’s Aboriginal communities also need the skills that an engineering education can provide. Whether the need is for a cleaner environment, new homes, better communications infrastructure or more efficient heating systems, Aboriginal engineers will make important contributions to community development. We invite you to use this book as a first step in introducing children to What Engineers Do. The Engineering and You, Design Challenge and Experiment sections in the English language version are intended to let you explore engineering concepts in an immediate, hands-on way in order to bring this book to life and have children recognize their relationship to engineering. Many of the pages feature activities that can also be found as interactive games on our website, aboriginalaccess.ca. Other resources are also available on our website, such as curriculum guides, learning modules and role model profiles of practicing Aboriginal engineers. You may also keep up to date on developments in science, technology, engineering and math education for Aboriginal peoples through our mailing list and the social media networks that are linked on the site. We hope you enjoy discovering along with your children what engineers do!


ᑲᐅᓇᐸᑕᐠ ᑫᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᐃᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ

Aboriginal Access to Engineering Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Beamish-Munro Hall 300 Queen’s University Kingston ON K7L 3N6 aboriginalaccess.ca

1


ᑲᐅᓇᐸᒋᑫᐨ ᑲᐃᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑭᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌᐸᐣ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ 2002. ᐅᐁᐧ ᐊᔕ ᓂᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᐅᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐦᑭ ᑲᓇᓇᐣᑕᑭᑫᐣᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ, ᐃᐁᐧᑎ ᑭᐃᐧᐣᐢ ᑭᒋᐃᐡᑯᓄᑲᒥᑯᐠ. ᐅᔑᐱᑲᓇᐣ ᑲᑭᒪᓯᓇᐦᐊᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᐧᐣ ᐊᐧᐃᓯᒪᐣ, ᒉᕑᐃᓫᐊᐣ ᐦᐅᕑᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑯᕑᐃᐣ ᒪᐃᐧᐣᐟ ᐱᓫᐁᓴᐣᐟ ᒉᐟ. ᑲᑭᒪᒪᓯᓂᐱᑫᐨ ᐢᑕᕑ ᐦᐅᕑᐣ. ISBN 0-88947-396-X

2


ᑭᑫᐣᑕᐣ ᓇ ᐁᐃᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐅᓇᐸᑕᐠ ᑫᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ? ᐅᑐᓇᐸᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑐᓇᑲᒥᓯᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᓂᐱᓂ ᑫᒥᓂᑲᐧᑌᓂᐠ. ᐅᑐᓇᓯᓇᐦᐊᓇᐊᐧ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᑲᒥᑯᓂ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐁᑲᓇᐁᐧᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᓄᐱᒥᐠ. ᐅᐸᒥᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᔦ ᐊᑭᐠ ᑲᓂᔓᐧᓇᒋᒋᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ, ᐁᒥᑲᓇᑫᐊᐧᐨ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᐁᑭᒋ ᒧᓇᐃᑫᐊᐧᐨ. ᐅᑐᓇᐸᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐅᑐᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᑫᐃᔑ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᓂᓂᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᑲᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᓇᐳᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᐃᐧᐅᓇᐸᐣᒋᑫᔭᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᒋᐊᓄᑭ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᔭᐣ. ᑭᓀᐧᐢ ᑲᔦ ᑭᑲᐱᐃᐡᑯᓄ. ᓴᑯᐨ ᐊᓂᐣᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᐁᐱᑌᐣᑕᑲᓄᑫᐧᐣ ᐁᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒥᐨ ᐸᑕᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᐱᔑᑭ, ᐁᒪᐡᑭᑭᑫᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᓇᐣᑕ ᑲᐅᓇᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᑌ. ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᑲᔦ ᐃᐁᐧᓄᐣ ᐅᑐᑕᓇᐊᐧ. ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᒍᐣᒋ ᑭᑫᐣᑕᒪᐣ ᑭᑎᓀᓂᒥᐣ! ᒥᔑᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐊᔭᐊᐧᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᐁᑲ ᑲᑭᑫᓂᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᑲᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ. ᒥᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᐅᒋ ᐅᓇᓯᓇᐦᐊᒪᐠ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᐣ. ᓂᐸᑯᓭᐣᑕᒥᐣ ᒋᑭᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᒣᐠ ᑲᐃᐧ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᔦᐠ ᐊᓂᐣ ᐁᐃᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ. 3


ᓄᐱᒪᑲᒥᐠ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᐠ ᒋᒥᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᑎᑯᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᔑᔕᐠ. ᑭᑕᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊ ᓇ ᐊᐁᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫ ᒋᐊᐣᑭᒪᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᔑᔕᐣ ᐃᒪ ᓄᐱᒥᐠ?

4

ᓂᑭ ᐊᐣᑭᒪᐠ

ᐊᐃᐧᔭᔑᔕᐠ.


ᐊᐧᑲᐃᑫᐃᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑐᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᐧᑲᐃᑲᓇᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑫᐃᔑ ᑲᐯᔑᓂᐨ, ᑫᐃᔑ ᐊᓄᑭᓂᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑫᐃᔑ ᒣᑕᐁᐧᓂᐨ. ᐊᐧᐃᐧᔦᐱᐦᐊᐣ ᐃᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐊᐧᑲᐃᑲᓇᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐅᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ.

ᐊᑐᐱ ᐳᐁᐱᓫᐅ

ᒋᐳᒪᑎᑲᐧᐣ

ᐊᐧᐸᓄᑲᒥᐠ

ᑲᓀᑎᔭᐣ ᐁᐧᐡᑲᐨ ᑲᑭᔑᐱᒪᑎᓯᓇᐊᐧᐠ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᑭᓇᐱᓇᑯᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ

ᐱᑲᐧᑲᑎᐊᐧᑲᐃᑲᐣ

ᑯᓂᑲᒥᐠ 5


ᑲᓂᐦᓱᒋᐸᐧᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑲᐃᐧᓇᑲᐧᐣ. ᓂᐦᓴᐧᔦᐠ ᐃᔑ ᐱᒥᒋᐊᔭ. ᐅᑭᒋᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᑲᓂᐦᓱᒋᐸᐧᓂᐠ ᐅᑕᐸᒋᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᒋᐊᔑᑲᐧᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ. ᓴᐣᑲᓱ ᐊᔭᐊᐧᐣ ᐅᒪ ᐊᔓᑲᓂᐠ ᑲᓂᐦᓱᒋᐸᐧᔭᑭᐣ. ᑭᑕᒥᑲᓇᐣ ᓇ ᑲᑭᓇ? ᐸᐸᐦᑲᐣ ᐃᓇᓯᓇᑌᓯᓇᐦᐊᐣ ᑲᓂᐦᓱᒋᐸᐧᔭᑭᐣ.

ᐅᑕᐸᓂ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑐᓇᓯᓇᐦᐊᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᑕᐸᓇᐣ.

6


ᐊᔕ ᑭᑫᐣᑕᐣ ᑭᒋᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᑲᓂᐦᓱᒋᐸᐧᓂᐠ ᐁᐊᐸᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐊᔓᑲᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ. ᑭᑕᐅᔑᐱᐦᐊ ᓇ ᐊᔓᑲᐧᐣ ᒋᐊᔓᐱᑌᐠ ᐅᑕᐸᐣ ᐃᐃᒪ ᓯᐱᐣᐠ?

7


ᓂᐱᐃᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᒋᒪᓂᑫᐊᐧᐠ. ᐃᐧᑲᐧᓯᒋᒪᐣ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭ ᐅᔑᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᒪᓯᓇᑌᐊᐧᓯᓇᐦᐊᐣ ᑲᐃᓇᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᐣᑭᑕᓱᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒋᒪᐣ ᒋᒥᑲᒪᐣ.

1 = ᒪᑲᑌᐃᐧᒥᐢᑲᐧ 2 = ᐅᔕᐊᐧᐡᑲᐧ 3 = ᒪᑲᑌᐊᐧ 4 = ᒪᑲᑌᐅᓴᐊᐧ

8

5 = 6 = 7 = 8 =

ᒥᐢᑯᐅᓴᐊᐧ ᒥᐢᑲᐧ ᐊᓂᐱᐊᐧ ᐅᓴᐊᐧ


ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᐅᑕᐸᓂ ᐅᓇᐸᒋᑫᔭᐸᐣ, ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐅᑕᐸᐣ ᑫᐅᔑᐊᑎᐸᐣ? ᐅᓇᓯᓇᐦᐊᐣ ᐅᒪ.

9


ᐊᐧᑲᐃᑫᐃᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑐᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑭᒋᐊᐧᑲᐃᑲᓇᐣ. ᒪᓯᓇᑌᐊᐧᓯᓇᐦᐊᐣ ᑲᔭᐸᑕᑭᐣ ᑲᐊᐧᑲᐃᑫᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ.

ᒋᐢᑕᑲᐧᐣ

ᒥᑎᐠ ᑭᑐᒋᑲᐣ ᑲᐱᒧᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᑭᑐᐃᐧᐣ

ᑭᐡᑭᐳᒋᑲᐣ ᑲᐧᐡᑫᐧᐱᒋᑲᐣ ᒐᒪᐦᐃᑲᐣ

ᔑᐊᐧᐳ ᑲᒥᐢᑲᐧᐠ ᒥᓂᐡ

10


ᐅᑕᐸᓂ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᒋᐸᐸᑦᐊᔭᐊᐧᐨ. ᐅᐁᐧᑎ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ, ᐃᓄᐠᔓᐠ ᐅᑕᐸᒋᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᒥᑲᓇᐠ ᑲᐃᐧᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐊᓂᐃᔕᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᑲᐧᓇᒋᐱᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᐸᐸᐦᑲᐣ ᑲᐊᓂᐊᐃᔕᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᐊᔭᓂᑯᐱᐦᐊᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒋᐊᐧᐸᐣᑕᒪᐣ ᐃᓄᐠᔓᐠ.

11


ᒪᒪᐣᑕᐃᐧᐱᐊᐧᐱᐠ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑐᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐃᓯᓭᓂᐠ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᓂ. ᑭᑕᐃᐧᒋᑐᓇᐣ ᓇ ᒋᐃᓯᓭᑭᐣ ᐅᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᐣ? ᐊᑫᐧᑕᐃᐧᐱᐦᐊᐣ ᐊᓂᐁᐧ ᐁᐃᔑ ᒐᑲᐱᑫᓯᑭᐣ ᐃᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᒪᒪᐣᑕᐃᐧᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᐣ. ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐅ ᐊᐊᐧᓀᐣ ᐅᔑᐱᐃᑲᐣ ᑲᐃᔑ ᒐᑲᐱᑫᓯᐠ ᐃᐃᒪ ᒪᓯᓇᑌᓯᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ.

12


ᒧᓀᐃᑫ ᐊᓯᓂᑫᐃᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᓇᓇᐣᑐᓇᐣᓇᐊᐧ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᓯᓂᐠ. ᑭᑕᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊ ᓇ ᐊᐁᐧ ᒧᓀᐃᑫ ᐊᓯᓂᑫᐃᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫ ᒋᒥᓂᑲᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑭᒋᐊᓯᓂᐣ?

13


ᑲᑭᓇ ᐅᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑲᒪᓯᓇᑌᓯᐣᑭᐣ ᑭᐅᓇᐸᒋᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ. ᐱᑦᒪᓯᓇᐦᐊᐣ ᐊᓂᐣ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᐃᐃᒪ ᐱᐣᒋᔭᐦᐃ ᐁᐊᑌᑭᐣ ᐊᐣᑭᑕᓱᐃᐧᓂᐠ.

14


ᑲᐯᓂᐱᐣ, ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑭᐊᓄᑲᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᐅᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᓂᑎᐡᑯᓄᑲᒥᑯᓇᐣ. ᑭᑕᒥᑲᓇᐣ ᓇ ᓂᑯᑕᐧᓱ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐸᐦᑲᐣ ᑲᑭᐊᓄᑲᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ? ᐁᑲᐧ ᒋᐊᐧᐃᐧᔦᐱᐦᐊᒪᐣ

ᐁᐧᐡᑲᐨ

ᑲᑭᔑᒋᑲᑌᐠ 15


ᑭᐃᐧᒋᐣᑕᑭᒪᑲᐣ(ᐃᐦᑫᐧ) ᓂᓴᐧᓱ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᑭᐊᐧᐣᓂᓯ ᑭᒪᒪ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ. ᐅᒪ ᐊᓇᒥᐠ ᒪᓯᓇᐃᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᐊᐧᓂᑫᑕᐠ. ᑭᑕᒥᑲᓇᐣ ᓇ ᐃᐃᒪ ᑭᒪᒪ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐊᓄᑭᐨ?

ᐊᐢᑎᑎᐣ

ᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᒧ ᐃᐧᐣᑲᐧᐣ ᔑᐊᐧᐳ ᐯᐸᐣᒥᑎᑲᐧᓭᐢ ᔑᐃᐧᒋᐡ ᑲᓴᓱᐸᒥᐨ

ᑎᐸᐦᐃᑲᓇᑎᐠ 16

ᓱᓱᐸᐣᒋᑲᐣ ᑲᑕᑲᐠ

ᒪᑲᐧᑲᓀᐢ


ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐦᐅᐃᑯᐊᐧᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᔑᔕᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᑲᐊᔭᑭᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐅᒪ ᐊᑭᐣᐠ. ᐊᐊᐧᓀᐣ ᑲᑭᐅᔑᑐᐨ ᐃᐁᐧᓂ ᐊᐧᑲᐃᑲᓂᑲᓂ?

ᓂᐣᑭᐠ

ᒧᐢᑲᐦᐅᓯ

ᐊᒥᐠ

ᒧᐢ

ᑭᑫᐣᑕᐣ ᓇ ᐁᐃᔑᓂᑲᑌᐠ? 17


Otter ᐊᒥᐠ, ᐅᑐᓇᐸᐣᒋᑫᐠ Heron Beaver ᑕᐱᐡᑯᐨ ᑲᔦ ᐅᑐᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᑭᐸᐃᑲᓂᐧᐊ. Moose

ᒥᔑᐣ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᐅᑲ ᐊᓄᑲᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᑭᐸᐃᑲᓇᐣ.

Like the beaver, engineers build dams. Many engineers will work on a dam. ᐱᒪᑎᓱᐃᐧᐣ Civil

ᐃᐡᑯᑌᐃᐧᐣ Electrical

ᐊᑭ ᑲᓇᓇᐣᑕᑭᑫᐣᒋᑲᑌᐠ Geological

ᐱᑦᐸᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ Mechanical

A dam ᐃᐡᑯᑌ ᐃᐃᒪ makes ᑭᐸᐃᑲᓂᐠelectricity. ᐅᐣᒋᓭᒪᑲᐣ.

18


ᐊᓂᐁᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᐣᒋᑫ ᐁᐃᔑ ᐃᐧᒋᑐᐨ ᐃᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ?

Which engineer helps with part? ᑲᐃᓯᓂᑲᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐃᒪ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐊᐣ ᑲᐃᔑ each ᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ. Write their name beside where they work.

19


ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᐠ ᑕᑭᐊᓄᑭᐊᐧᐠ ᑭᑕᓇᐳᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᐊᓂᐣ ᑭᐣ ᑫᐃᔑ ᐅᑐᓇᐸᒋᑫᔭᐣ ᐁᐃᓀᓂᒥᑎᓯᔭᐣ? ᐅᔑᐱᐦᐅᑎᓯᐣ ᐃᐃᒪ.

20


This edition of What Engineers Do is brought to you by:

With the generous support of:

The Joseph S. Stauffer Foundation

aboriginalaccess.ca


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