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> Content: Culinary Therapy

Career Guide: Child Psychologist Loving The Inanimate: Objectum Sexuality Battle of XX and XY: Metro-men galore! Win! 1-year free membership!

Alternative Therapy: Imagery & Emotions Did you know? Philip Zimbardo Editor’s note

Cover Photo © Loriene Perera

Green Guilt: The Dawn of Eco-psychology


Culinary Therapy: Mind Your Body by Tong Wei Chuan From a psychological perspective, culinary therapy is an intriguing concept, which encompasses the maintenance, or attainment, of a state of psychological ‘well-being’ via the integrative benefits of the process of food preparation and the holistic ‘nourishment,’ which the food itself provides. Inevitably, it is difficult to reconcile the inherent awareness of primal instincts such as food preparation and consumption, with abstract and analytical assessments of the predisposition of such natural ‘processes’ to serve as constructive ‘avenues’ of deliberate therapeutic intervention; hence, while it is important to recognize the validity of culinary therapy, one must keep in mind that it is essentially a supplementary aid to psychological healthfulness and not a direct solution to the consequential complications of the human psyche (the means to an end; but, most definitely, not the end itself). Firstly, we will consider the mechanics of culinary therapy via the therapeutic analysis of the activity itself – cooking; incidentally, this constitutes a key component of the job scope of an occupational therapist, and hence, reinforces the validity of the concept at hand. The fundamentals of the cooking process include choosing and planning what is to be prepared, obtaining ingredients, organizing your environment for maximum efficiency and executing the chosen recipe with sequential precision; also, secondary considerations such as the comprehension of safety, time limits, operation of appliances and usage of utensils are also necessary. Disregarding the negligible physical implications, the psychologically reinforcing components of the therapeutic cooking process comprise cognitive, intrapersonal and social aspects. A review of the cognitive aspect reveals an emphasis on the enhancement of the integrative skills of sequencing, time management, versatility, memory, attention and concentration; in exemplification, attention is critical when multitasking ensues during cooking, and sequencing is needed when translating a recipe ‘from paper to stove’. Cooking can facilitate the development of intrapersonal skills such as self-esteem and competence by providing a sense of accomplishment in creating a decent meal. Lastly, cooking with others can provide the opportunity to cultivate and refine social skills; in conceptual alignment with such a scenario, individuals can inadvertently initiate a simultaneous expansion of their social networks by hosting and attending social gatherings such as potlucks and bake sales (which feature the cooking process as a basal requirement). The alternative channel through which culinary therapy functions entails an investigation of the intrinsic nutritional attributes of the consumed food, and the consequential relationship between ‘what you eat and how you feel’. Eating ‘properly’ (definitively, having a balanced diet and regular meals), is associated with reduced levels of anxiety, pre-menstrual tension, fatigue and depression, less mood swings, and fewer eating-related problems (such as irrational cravings, bulimia and binge eating). An example of the compelling link between the nutritional properties of food and the psychological condition of the human mind is well exemplified by


the detrimental dynamics of an obsessive diet/binge cycle sequentially, deliberate starvation leads to low blood sugar, and subsequently, apathy and listlessness; intense cravings for sugarrich foods such as chocolates and sweets follow, concluding in indulgent consumption and a resultant escalation of blood sugar levels. This process can then lead to cycles of highs and lows, ‘the shakes’, irritability and anger. At this point, it is important to note that the application of culinary therapy through the utilization of the psychologically enhancing propensity of food products (attributed to nutritional components), primarily manifests itself as a method of prevention against a myriad of psychological afflictions, as opposed to serving as a therapeutic solution or a competent general prescription for alleviating such problems or simply promoting a state of psychological wellbeing. Hence, as put forth at the beginning of this literary Aaron Yeo © analysis, culinary therapy is largely, a supplemental prescription in the context of psychological therapy. A notable exception to this conceivable notion is the standard emotional gratification that food imparts; eating triggers the release of the neurological chemical dopamine (induces reinforcing feelings of reward and gratification). However, it would be ludicrous to promote a fixated and resolutely deliberate eating habit (in the name of ‘culinary therapy’) in the light of ‘riding the dopamine high’; consequentially, this once again supports the motion that culinary therapy is and should only be a supplemental form of psychological therapy. To surmise, while the mechanics of culinary therapy are legitimately sensible and well documented, the role and effectiveness of culinary therapy as a ‘general prescription’ is highly debatable (and rightfully so). It would be logical to conclude that there is no inherent sense in seeking culinary therapy as a specific form of psychological therapy; instead, simply adhering to a balanced and varied diet, and busying oneself in the kitchen (if it engages one’s recreational fancy) when one deems fit, will inadvertently convey the positive provisions which culinary therapy seemingly promises. 
 Tong Wei Chuan studies Double degree in Business and Psychology. Even though he is very busy, he still finds the time to eat healthily!

A brief review of the psychologically beneficial implications of various nutritional components is as follows: 1) Iron – Critical element for the prevention and alleviation (of the symptoms) of anemia, which causes fatigue, apathy and a depressed state of mind. In addition, low levels of iron are associated with anxiety and depression. 2) Zinc – Dispenses a calming effect (found in shellfish and green leafy vegetables) 3) Vitamin B5 – Known as the anti-stress vitamin (found in eggs, kidneys, mushrooms and pork)


Green Guilt: The Dawn of Eco-psychology by Aaron Yeo I was waiting in line to pay for my groceries and the person in front of me already had all her items scanned. After payment, she packed her items into a cotton bag with the words ‘SAVE THE EARTH 100% RECYCLABLE’. As she walked away with a green halo, I was next in line for payment. The cashier asked if I needed a plastic bag for my item. Feeling inspired and enlightened by that lady, I too announced (assertively) that I didn’t need a plastic bag. But unlike the woman in front of me who is probably hugging a tree by then, I did not have a bag of that sort. Aaron Yeo © I ended up hugging a packet of biscuits, a carton of orange juice and a watermelon back home. People are persuaded to be environmentally friendly for many reasons. Though it seemed like peer pressure worked well on me even though unintentional, I felt a deeper and somewhat familiar emotion. It was a pang of guilt and to be more specific, it was green guilt. I really felt that I could be doing more for the environment and I felt dirty for consuming, wasting too much and not recycling enough. I am not alone as I hear stories of people who are so environmentally minded that they go to extremes to do anything to absolve their past eco-sins. Sometimes the more knowledge we obtain, the more we see the relationship human activity has on the environment. Since most of us want to be better people, we cannot help but experience a sense of green guilt as we imagine draining vast amounts of fresh water from thirsty children when we flush the toilet. It is no surprise that green guilt may very well be the motivation behind people becoming environmentally friendly. Guilt can be broadly defined as feelings of responsibility for having done something wrong. It may have served some evolutionary purposes of reciprocity but today, guilt is something that we put in great efforts to feel less of. Part of the reason is the language that environment messages are framed. By now, we have already been plastered with messages telling us that mother earth is dying because we are slowly cutting her oxygen supply away from her with our pollution and raping her as the result of what we call progress. Children are sometimes used in public service announcements with their wishful eyes implying that if you don’t recycle that plastic bottle, you’re indirectly denying them their future. Though guilt may not be a good motivator, those who are involved even in a small way feeling good and often want to do

more. On the flipside, overwhelming messages that work on guilt simply turn people off as they are constantly reminded of their shortcomings. As the ineluctable winds of the environmental zeitgeist sweep over popular culture, we have to admit that feeling guilty and berating ourselves over our eco-sins only creates greater self loathe. According to psychologist Lynn O’Conner, a professor who specializes in guilt at the Wight Institute in Berkeley, California, “you (the individual as a singular entity) are not responsible for the near extinction of the planet.” She also adds that though guilt is great for interpersonal relationships as it prompt people to apologize when they are wrong, it doesn’t work well for mass movements. We all want to be better people but being truly green and environmentally friendly is not easy. It seems as though the more we know, the less we understand. We have to admit that a subject like the environment is a daunting one. Its issues are usually complex and always often intertwined with many other aspects of humanity such as economics and politics. In reality, the solutions are not as complete as some messages tell us. So before we go ahead and throw away perfectly recyclable bottles, leave both the air conditioner and heater on while we go chop down a tree, we also have to recognize that this whole idea about being environmentally friendly is a relatively fresh idea. The bigger picture is for us to embrace environmentally friendly practices like second nature – putting on a seat belt. While we consciously make our decisions, we have to be aware of environmental messages that exploit on our guilt. We should not feel the guilt of the world on our shoulders if we forget to recycle.

Aaron Yeo contributes as a guest writer for this issue and is the founder and former President of Green Living Club. Although he enjoys preserving the environment in SIM, he is looking forward to graduating in BA. Communication this semester!


Career Guide: Child Psychologist by Lauretta D’Cruz Miss Vanessa Von Auer is the Clinic Director at VA Psychology Centre. Her centre offers counseling for Individuals (Children, teenagers and adults, couples & families), Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Hypnotherapy. The STARS Children’s clinic caters to children 3-11 years old and even offers counseling in German, French and Italian. Miss Vanessa works with her team comprising of associate psychologists, counselors and behavioral therapists.

Q: Share with us on the scope of the work that you do?

Q: Describe the role of a child psychologist.

Von Auer: My team of psychologists, counselors and I are qualified to treat individuals of all ages with issues such as Adjustment Issues, Anxiety Disorders, Anger Management, Depression, Eating Disorders, Grief & Loss, Trauma, Pain Management, etc. We also work with a variety of childhoodrelated issues such as noncompliance, temper tantrums or disorders such as pervasive developmental disorders or autistic spectrum disorders.

Von Auer: A child psychologist typically conducts therapy with children in a one-on-one situation. Because children have not fully developed their expressive language skills, it is often more effective to use therapeutic approaches that do not involve pure talk therapy. Examples include expressive therapies such as art therapy, roleplay, experiential techniques, puppetry, etc. In addition, a child psychologist will support parents and conduct some parenting training so that parents can better deal with their children outside of the therapy setting. Sometimes a child psychologist will ask for the entire family to undergo therapy to ensure a calmer and balanced family dynamic. Some child psychologists are also qualified to conduct diagnostic assessments to diagnose children with childhood disorders or learning difficulties. However, specialist training is required for such assessments.

In conjunction to therapy, parent training is required to implement positive and effective parenting strategies at home. Finally, we also cater to couples and families that are experiencing sources of strain. Q: What courses did you have to take before becoming a practicing psychologist? Von Auer: I completed a Bachelor’s of Arts in Psychology (Honors) in California, a Master’s in Counseling from an Australian University here in Singapore and am currently completing my Doctorate in Clinical Psychology. Q: What type of everyday situations or challenges do you run into as a psychologist? Von Auer: When I work with children that are afflicted with developmental disorders, the most challenging part is to help parents through their grief, anger and denial of their child’s state. It is hard for parents to accept that their child may not be “typical” and that the future of their child may be filled with uncertainties and struggles. If I do not address the parents’ struggles first, then treatment of the child may be compromised because those parents that are struggling with denial or anger may not be ready to commit to their child’s therapy, which will only delay their child’s development. Q: What do you like most about your job? Von Auer: My job can be very challenging and requires much patience at times. But because of these requirements, I love seeing my clients being empowered and being able to recover from their stressful or painful struggles. It is so rewarding to see an individual with Depression come back in as a happy and confident person. I love seeing children and parents being affectionate and able to enjoy each other’s company after they were not able to do so prior to therapy. There is a fundamentally satisfying feeling I get through my work with human beings of diverse backgrounds. It is a feeling that I don’t think I would be able to experience in any other career. The other aspect I love about my job is that when I work with children, I get to be a “big kid” and act silly, which keeps me young at heart.

Q: What particular strengths or qualities must one possess in order to be a child psychologist? Von Auer: You have to adore children and have a good sense of humor to be a great child psychologist! Children are such fabulously colorful beings. They are curious, will test boundaries and are affectionate. However, because they are young and all of their abilities are still developing they can also often be a challenge in terms of expressing their needs and engaging in inappropriate behaviors. Therefore, being unconditionally understanding and patient will ensure a strong therapeutic alliance, which will result in successful counseling sessions. Q: What advice would you give to someone planning on taking up the same career path as you? Von Auer: Some of the cases that you will be seeing will have terribly sad histories. Some of your client’s values may be completely opposite to yours. The most important thing to know is that you should not let your own emotions, values and morals blind you from being an efficient psychologist. It is essential that when you are feeling negative about a case to seek professional supervision from experienced psychologists. Remember that you have to be sensitive to your client’s situation. There may be numerous reasons why a person behaves the way he/she does – it is your job to guide the client to an alternative and healthier level without impinging your judgment onto them. Vanessa von Auer specializes in individual, couple and family therapies, establishing herself as one of the foremost parenting consultants in Singapore. For more information, visit: www.vapc.sg


Loving The Inanimate: Objectum Sexuality by Loriene Perera There is a Chinese saying: “Marry a chicken, follow a chicken”. This saying implies that one sticks to one’s spouse regardless of situation. But imagine this: what if one is married to an inanimate object? When I first came across a news article about a woman who fell in love and married the Eiffel Tower, my curiosity was perked. A quick Google search led me to the term: Objectumsexuality (OS). The woman, Erika Naisho, apparently “married” the Eiffel Tower in 2007. Naisho’s celebration of her “wedding anniversary” with her beloved spouse was aired on Good Morning America. However, OS existed way before this. A Swedish woman, Eija-Ritta Beliner-Mauer, first coined the term to describe her affections towards the Berlin Mckenzieo © Wall. According to Objectumsexuality Internationale, OS is “an orientation to love objects”. OS has been shrouded in great controversy since BBC’s airing of “Strangelove” – a series that discussed OS, among many other things. So what exactly is OS? Is it a new sexual orientation? A sexual fetish? Or even a symptom of some underlying mental issue? I’m sure my dear readers are as curious as I am to find out more about OS. Fret not; here is what I have found out about this bizarre phenomenon… There is fairly little known about objectum-sexuality, apart from what Objectum sexuality Internationale (a group created by Erika Naisho for likeminded people) has purported. According to Objectum sexuality Internationale, OS is a brand-new sexual orientation. Yet they have defined sexual orientation as the nature of sexual preference, while admitting that the predominant definition stands as: ‘the direction of someone’s sexual desire towards people of the opposite gender, people of the same gender, or people of both.’ This does not include objects; therefore OS is not a sexual orientation. This is quite ironic as Objectum-sexuality International further stated: ‘we love objects and many of us in an intimate way and this feeling is innate. Objectum-sexual love comes for most in a similar way and this feeling is innate. Objectum-sexual love comes for most in a similar awakening as other sexualities at the start of puberty.’ They also claimed that OS is outcasted by mainstream sexuality. This is evident in the limited number of press coverage on OS. Whenever it gets media attention, OS has been plagued with mockery. However, how can OS be treated seriously if it cannot be specifically defined? The woman who married the Eiffel Tower, Erika Naisho, engendered her “spouse” as a female. Which begs the question if Objectum-sexuality is more of a “pansexuality” of inanimate objects?

According to Naisho, objectum-sexuals attach gender identities to their beloved objects, and OS Is not confined to “heterosexual” or “homosexual” attraction towards inanimate objects. For instance, Naisho is not identified as a “lesbian objectum-sexual” but plainly an objectum-sexual. In addition, OS also comprises of polygamy where an objectum-sexual can be in love with multiple objects; or even an object could have multiple lovers. While researching this article, a friend posed me a question: could OS be a sexual fetish? According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), Sexual fetish is categorized under paraphila. Paraphilia refers to the recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors generally involving nonhuman objects; the suffering or humiliation of oneself or one’s partner, children or other nonconsenting persons. This diagnosis of fetishism does not apply to OS, as fetishism pertains specifically to the use of inanimate objects for sexual gratification. OS, however, is inclined more to the sexual attraction and attachment towards inanimate objects. In addition, the American Psychological Association (APA) currently does not classify OS as a recognized paraphilia in the DSM. There also seems to be a disturbing trend among the objectum-sexuals interviewed in BBC’s “Strangelove”: Eija-Ritta Berliner-Mauer showed signs of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCD) with her fixation on model building and collecting. Erika Naisho, on the other hand, recounted that she had suffered from childhood abuse. Amy Wolf (who married a fairground ride) recounted being diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome. Could OS be a symptom of the above-mentioned mental issues and disorders? This could be a possibility, but until research proves so, there are endless of possible hypotheses we could think of to explain the phenomenon of OS. OS definitely provokes criticism and controversy. However, one should not shy from discussing this issue. As there are limited studies in this area, apart from those conducted by objectumsexuals themselves, it is unfair to make prejudgments about OS. Hopefully, one day, we might be able to understand what OS truly is. Loriene Perera is majoring in BA. 
 Communication and Psychology, and is also our talented photojournalist! She wonders if her attachment to her camera is more than what it seems.


Alternative therapy: Imagery and Emotions by Sarih Leng “The fact that people break down and cry when confronted with my pictures shows that I can communicate those basic human emotions…the people who weep before my pictures are having the same religious experience I had when painting them. And if you say you are moved only by their color relationships then you miss the point.” -Mark Rothko The saying “a picture paints a thousand words” is often overlooked without given considerable thought. Yet, there is a great deal of truth behind this famous proverb. In a single image, there lie hidden secrets and truths that an observer must carefully examine in order to catch the essence of the artist’s message. A still life of a can of soup may be the product of an artist’s impulsive emotions, or it may simply be a can of soup.

The Provost ©

There is more to visual arts than just drawings and paintings. This perception of ‘art’ is frequently adopted, and people assume that only highly creative and talented individuals are capable of creating ‘artwork’. However, producing works of art is not exclusive to artists and designers. Architects, factory workers, chefs and school children produce different forms of artwork everyday. Building blueprints, a factory’s completed product, a garnished dish and a child’s finger-painting can be regarded as worthy of an audience as Claude Monet’s Water Lilies. Art is all around us; we just need to be aware of it and open our minds to the aesthetics of our environment. In iconic communication, children use pictorial symbols to represent an idea or concept. Graphics are used to construct more flexible or precise meanings and children are believed to learn best through enactive and iconic representation. Generally, symbolic representations of messages are used by children who have cognitive difficulties. Children are capable of sketching out their ideas when it comes to expressing their interest in objects and situations around them. Labels, pictures, lists and objects are some visual symbols children use to associate objects with and to solve problems. Propaganda, a more intensive form of advertising media, was widely used during the two World Wars. The prime media of propaganda is the use of imagery and symbols to influence the cognitive cycles of the target audience. A barrage of motivational messages from mere use of images, slogans and symbols has the potential to provoke the public, introducing prejudiced points of views and triggering negative emotions. It is repeated and imposed on the audience so severely that they subconsciously and ‘voluntarily’ accept the message’s viewpoint as their own. In psychological analysis, use of pictures are involved in projective tests. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was (is) designed to evaluate people’s patterns of thought, attitudes, observational capacity and emotional responses to an ambiguous test material. In this case, a set of cards depicting black-and-white images of


characters in a setting are shown to a patient. The patient in turn has to compose a dramatic story based on the image, and inform the psychoanalyst or clinician what events has led up to it, what the characters are thinking and feeling, and the outcome of the story. The Thematic Apperception Test is considered to be effective in inquiring the patient’s personal views of the world, and the individual’s perceived self and opinions of others in different scenarios. Another visual test that psychoanalysts use to interpret people’s abnormal behavior is the Rorschach’s Inkblot test. In this examination, images of different inkblots are shown to patients, and they are to decipher what emotions and objects they see and feel in the indistinct inkblot. Rorschach’s Inkblot test measures an individual’s cognitive, emotional processing, evaluates one’s creativity, coping resources, interpersonal relationships, thought disorders and psychoses. The Goodenough-Harris Draw-A-Person Test infers a child’s cognitive developmental skills. Children will be asked to draw a man, a woman and themselves on three separate sheets of paper. The appearance of each character determines the child’s emotional and cognitive condition. Today, art therapy has become increasingly popular in the field of psychology. In Singapore, LaSalle College of the Arts offers a Masters degree in Art Therapy. Navitha Edmond, a second-year Bachelor of Fine Arts student, aspires to become an art therapist as it allows her to explore the thought processes of children, and analyze behaviors, cognitions and emotions of disabled or elderly people (whom she would like to work with). With training in art therapy, she hopes to make a positive contribution to society by giving counseling sessions through art. Visuals are useful in interpreting the world around us. Imagery can express thoughts and emotions that otherwise would not be identified within an individual. Furthermore, not only does it create impact on individuals’ thought processes, but provokes a person’s behavior as well. The visual art is the most creative way of revealing an individual’s character and emotions. I personally believe that with the encouragement of art, we would be more in touch with their inner selves, and therefore would reduce uncertainty and conflict. Sarih Leng contributes as a guest writer for this issue. She is majoring in BA. Communication and hopes to showcase her flair for art one day!


Battle of XX and XY: Metro-men galore! For every issue, we have two of our phenomenal writers writing on a fairly controversial issue, each on opposite sides, battling it out! On the left side, Stephanie Stella and on the right side, Aaron Yeo! So gear up and… ready, set, go!

A Metrosexual man is a curious one; he shops and owns more than five pairs of shoes; he cleanses, tones and moisturizes; he refers ‘light orange’ as ‘peach.’ If this is the definition of a macho man of today, I have to say that my belief in men has been restored. Metrosexual men to me, just means that he’s a man who can take care of himself, who knows that masculinity is more than having a pair of biceps with the same circumference as one’s neck. Sociologist Michael Yaksich states that, “Metrosexuality is a result of the production and redistribution of stereotypes that generate profit in a consumer society.” It is true that cosmetic industries have targeted not only women but also men. A trend made popular by the famous Metrosexual men such as David Beckham and Takeshi Kaneshiro. But more importantly, Metrosexuality is just a label. The fact is: there are macho men who pluck their eyebrows and metro men who enjoy playing football in a muddy field. We should then explore the question, “What is a macho man?” Does a macho man ride a horse towards the sunset; wear a cowboy hat as he takes a long drag of his Marlboro cigarette? Does a macho man press his armpit against another man’s face, pinning him down as his own muscles bulge under bright neon tights? This seems to be the media’s portrayal of what a macho man is. Is a macho man really that lame? To those metro-phobics out there, I would like to ask: What is so alarming about a man who goes for pedicures? There are no rules saying that women should not be pilots or girls should not play soccer. Sex-segregated activities are not only old news: it is socio-politically backward. I believe that there are metro traits in every man, and the sooner men admit the fact that they like to look good (as much as any woman), the closer we are in reaching greater gender equality. Stephanie Stella is the Head of Publication Dept. and Editor of this newsletter. She would like to invite all the girls and boys for a manicurepedicure bonding session!


If you are obsessed with the “Twilight” franchise and thought that the metrosexual vampire named Edward was cute, I would not be hanging out with you. When Prof Nigel Edley, who specializes in masculinity studies at the Nottingham Trent University, said that there is an ongoing crisis in the definition of masculinity in terms of the meaning of masculinity; I couldn’t agree more. It is true that due to societal changes, the roles of women have changed slightly. As compared to women of the past, women today are educated, find greater fulfilment in their jobs and are generally better off. In that same period, men started putting on make-up and they didn’t stop there. Men started going for facials, getting manicures and pedicures done, spent more time looking in the mirror than usual, and some, have better wardrobes than their girlfriends. It is as if facial hair is simply not enough! OR perhaps to men, facial hair on its own appears derisory. Sure, the scholars will tell you that this metrosexual ‘disease’ is simply an extension of consumerism. And that it is yet another reason to go into greater depth about the topic of sexual identity and the concept of self. But let me tell you the real cause of Bhutan Observer © metrosexuality. Men nowadays have too much time on their hands. 50 years ago when life was tough, men had to suffer laborious work to make a living. They had mouths to feed and did not have time to pay attention to finer details of grooming. So why do men have so much time to manscape, pluck their eyebrows and get in touch with their feminine side today? I blame the women. Like the wheel of Samsara, women who are filling up positions traditionally held by men are giving men more free time. When men have free time, they come up with crazy ideations that being a metrosexual is the new macho. True masculinity is celebrating femininity, not trying to be like one.

Aaron Yeo contributes as a guest writer for this issue (yet again). He claims that he is not a metrosexual and his celebration of femininity sometimes goes overboard. Unfortunately, he refuses to go to Stephanie’s bonding session.

Want to battle it out with our writers? Email us your opinions at publication.psysociety@gmail.com and you will


 stand a chance to win 1-year free membership at Psychology Society! Wait no more, come and join in the fun!


Editor’s Note


Imagine this. A simulated prison experiment conducted on college students designed to study the psychological effects of prison life. These students took on ‘roles’ as prisoners and prison wardens for being part of the study. The prisoners were arrested by city police and driven to “Stanford county jail” where it all began. . . They went through degrading procedures; systemically searched and stripped naked, deloused with spray, given prison ID numbers and chained with locks on the feet. The prison study, planned for two weeks, had to be ended prematurely only after by six days because of the dramatic effects. In time, the prison wardens became sadistic and prisoners showed extreme signs of stress and depression. What was a study experiment turned out to be psychologically dangerous on these subject participants instead. The man behind this study is Philip Zimbardo, one of America’s most influential psychologists. He is an internationally recognized scholar, educator and researcher which is possibly the reason why people refer to him as the voice and face of modern psychology today. The Stanford prison study inspired Zimbardo to write his book titled The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turned Evil and shortly after, he founded The Shyness Clinic: treating shy behaviour in adults and children. His latest book, The Time Paradox, driven by 36 years of research on time, also known as the new psychology of time can help change one’s life discusses how humans tend to fixate on either the past (nostalgics), the present (hedonists) or the future (workaholics). Now, this is one book I need to put on my ‘want to read’ list! Lauretta D’Cruz is the Vicehead of Publication Dept. and Coeditor of this newsletter. Majoring in BA. Psychology, she has become a workaholic since she joined PSYSOC!

Welcome back to school! Don’t groan now; as much as you would like to laze in bed all day long, enjoy leftover Christmas and New Year goodies, you know that it’s time to reset your body clock and get ready for yet another fruitful year ahead. With this, the publication team is proud to present you a new focus of ‘Mind Your Body’ in this second issue of PSYSOC Mind. Just as psychology affects our behavior and physical health, our body has its impacts on our mind, too. Speaking of which; did you know that in Japan, suicide rate has dropped drastically after a small amount of Lithium has been added to their tap water? How interesting is that! On another note, we are pleased to welcome new members to the publication team and thank our second-time guest writers: Aaron Yeo on writing about his expertise – Eco-guilt, and Sarih Leng on her great interests of the Arts. If you are interested in sharing with us your thoughts and insights, drop us an email at publication.psysociety@gmail.com, and we’d provide the opportunity for you to voice out! Otherwise, do feel free to write in your feedback and criticism for the betterment of PSYSOC Mind. We hope that we have brought you more articles that are not only entertaining but also practical.

CONTACT INFORMATION: General queries: Josephine Poh (President) David Timothy Chew (Vice-president) General.psysociety@gmail.com Membership registration: Rita Lavinia Raj (Secretary) Register.psysociety@gmail.com Website: http://psychologysociety.word press.com

Just like our previous issue, under the interview column, Mind Your Body brings you 
 a voice from a practicing psychologist, Vanessa Von Auer. Dr. von Auer conducts individual counseling in areas such as anxiety, depression, anger management, chronic pain, couples, marriage and family therapy, employing a person-centered Cognitive Behavioral approach to therapy and frequently applies expressive forms of intervention in her work. She is now part of a committed team at Von Auer Psychology center, where she is the centre’s clinic director. We’d like to thank her for sharing despite her busy schedule. Speaking of busy schedules, we’d like to thank Student Life Services (SLS) and Dr. Radhi Raja once again for their assistance. We hope you would not tire in guiding us, as we would never tire in thanking you in our many issues ahead. Till the next issue! Stephanie Stella is the Head of Publication Dept. and Editor of this newsletter. She is currently majoring in BA. Communication and Psychology. She hopes that you are just as excited going back to the campus!

Events Dept: Ryan Nah (Head) Melody Tan (Vice-head) Events.psysociety@gmail.com Research and Internship Dept: Ng Yiting (Head) Lin Jia Pei (Vice-head) Research.internships.psysociety@gmail. com Publication Dept: Stephanie Stella (Head) Lauretta D’Cruz (Vice-head) Publication.psysociety@gmail.com

Tossing and turning in bed, trying to fall asleep at night? Do your dreams have meanings you wish to uncover? Find out more in the next issue!

Mind Issue #02  

A SIM Psychology Society student publication.

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