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million rand napkin sketch

what’s bothering sa’s youth?


Invincible Valves (Pty) Ltd was established in 1982 and since has grown to a medium sized enterprise located in Knights, Germiston Invincible Valves prides itself on service excellent and flexibility by striving to enhance our customer’s bottom line. Our 6,500m² facility in Knights is made up of 4,500m² under roof being our stores and workshop. The facility is fully equipped to offer a one-stop resource for valves and ancillary equipment which we transport globally. As an approved BBBEE Level 4 supplier to all major industries within South Africa, we maintain expertise and experience across a broad spectrum of industries and applications with a wide range of products. We offer a comprehensive range of local and imported valves and accessories for the mining, petro-chemical, power generation, water, sewerage and general industries. We have agents in all major centres around the country and service all four corners of the globe. We offer an in-house rubber lining service for valves, pipes, fittings and vessels which is utilized by many of the country’s major valve manufacturers. In addition we offer complete service, repair and valve reconditioning services for all types of valves. Our Core Values: We believe in treating our customers with respect. We grow through creativity, invention and innovation. We integrate honesty, integrity and business ethics into all aspects of our business functioning. Our Mission Statement: Build long term relationships with our customers and clients, to provide exceptional customer services by pursuing business through innovation and advanced technology. Our Purpose: To be a leader in the Valve Industry by providing enhanced services, customer service and profitability. Our Vision: To provide a quality service that exceeds the expectations of our esteemed customers. Invincible Valves is a proud supplier of quality valve products and ancillary equipment backed by service excellence around the globe. It is the combination of these values that allows us to form lasting business relationships.

Invincible Valves (Pty) Ltd

If it's not INVAL®, it's not Invincible 33 Shaft Road, Knights, Germiston TEL: +27 (0) 11 822 1777 | FAX: +27 (0) 11 822 3666 EMAIL: enquiries@invalve.co.za | WEB: www.invalve.co.za


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► EIA Process

► Environmental Risk Assessments

► Geographical Information Systems

► Agricultural Assessment and Advise

► Project Managment

► Wetland and Riparian Services

► Natural Resource Services

► Visual Impact Assessments

► Ecological/Biodiversity Services

► Public Participation Process

► Application Assistance

► Game Ranch Management

► Developement Research, Monitoring and Evaluation

N2 Mnini ECO Duties

Plant rescue

Durban Coal Terminal Site Inspection

Ohlanga Pump station ECO Duties

Freightpak Warehouse Site Audit

Public participation Makhabeleni

Ballito Interchange Botanical survey

Site assessment Sundumbili pipeline

l Tel: (031) 303-2835 l Fax: 086 692 2547 l l Email: info@afzelia.co.za l www.afzelia.co.za l Skills on Site

Septmeber 2012

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S MECHANICAL A ENGINEER

Produced by: PROMECH PUBLISHING, P O Box 373, Pinegowrie, 2123,Official Publication of THE SA INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Republic of South Africa and endorsed by: Tel: (011) 781-1401, Fax: (011) 781-1403

    Subscriptions Please email us at accounts@promech.co.za if you wish to subscribe to “SA Mechanical Engineer” at R550,00 (excl  postage and VAT) per year; R1 380,00 per year for Africa/Overseas.  Disclaimer PROMECH Publishing and The South African Institution of Mechanical Engineering as well as any other body do not take responsibility for the opinions expressed  by individuals. Printed by: Typo Colour Printing, Tel: (011) 402-3468/9 FSC (Forestry Stewardship Accreditation) Email: samecheng@promech.co.za, www.promech.co.za Managing Editor Susan Custers Editorial Contributors Liesl Venter/Patricia Holburn Advertising Sales: Louise Cresswell Cell: 071 886 1263 DTP Anne Rotteglia and Tish van Niekerk Circulation Belinda Siegruhn

 

CONSULTING ENGINEERS OF SA CORROSION INSTITUTE OF SA INSTITUTE FOR CERTIFICATED MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS NATIONAL SOCIETY OF BLACK ENGINEERS NUCLEAR INSTITUTE SA ASSOCIATION FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY SA CAPITAL EQUIPMENT EXPORT COUNCIL SA INSTITUTE FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING SA INSTITUTE OF TRIBOLOGY SA PLASTIC PIPE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION SA PUMP MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION SA VALVE AND ACTUATORS MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION VALVE & ACTUATOR MANUFACTURERS CLUSTER OF SA

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Council 2016 - 2018 Office Bearers President............................................ Prof JL van Niekerk (Wikus) Vice President........................................................ A Roos (Andre) National Treasurer...................................................G van den Berg

Branch Chairpersons Central ................................................................. C Kruger (Carel) Eastern Cape........................................... G van den Berg (Gideon) KwaZulu Natal .. Dr J Padayachee (Jared)Mpumalanga Highveld . N Lecordier (Noel) Vaal......................................................... Prof LM Masu (Leonard) Western Cape ..................................................S Pietrangeli (Sven)

Portfolios: Education (Universities of Technology).............E Zawilska (Ewa) Communications and Marketing..................G Bartholomew (Bart) Technology Programme..................................... SZ Hrabar (Steve)

Chief Executive Officer: Vaughan Rimbault National Offic e Manager: Anisa Nanabhay PO Box 511, Bruma, 2026 Tel: (011) 615-5660 Email: info@saimeche.org.za Website: www.saimeche.org.za Membership Email: membership@saimeche.org.za

Autodesk as represented by Worldsview Technologies

Osborn Engineered Products SA (Pty) Ltd

Ainsworth Engineering (Pty) Ltd

PaCMan Projects & Maintenance

Alstom Power Service SA (Pty) Ltd

Plant Design & Project Services (Pty) Limited (PDPS)

Babcock Ntuthuko Engineering (Pty) Ltd

PPS Insurance Co Limited

Bosch Projects (Pty) Ltd

Rotek Engineering

Exxaro Resources (Pty) Ltd

S.A.M.E Water (Pty) Ltd

Festo (Pty) Ltd

SA Power Services (Pty) Ltd

Fluor SA (Pty) Ltd

Sasol Technology (Pty) Ltd

Green Plan Consultants (Pty) Ltd

Siemens Ltd

Hatch Africa (Pty) Ltd Howden Power (a div of Howden Africa) Howden Projects (a div of James Howden) Kelvion Thermal Solutions (Pty) Ltd MBE Minerals (SA) (Pty) Ltd Megchem

Simera Technology (Pty) Ltd Spirax Sarco (Pty) Ltd Tenova Mining and Minerals SA ThyssenKrupp Industrial Solutions SA (Pty) Ltd Ultra-Flow Engineering Services CC Vital Engineering (Pty) Ltd Weir Minerals Africa

Mod-U-Flow CC

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THE SOUTH AFRICAN MECHANICAL ENGINEER

Young Nuclear Professionals

Company Affiliates

VOL 67

Russian energy group, Rosatom, signed a Memorandum of Understanding on support and cooperation with the “African Young Generation in Nuclear” (AYGN) organisation, in August. Rosatom has undertaken to offer support and knowledge-sharing to “AYGN”, a new pan-African forum for young professionals working in the nuclear sector. Gaopalelwe Santswere, President of African Young Generation in Nuclear, says the non-profit organisation began forming in 2014 and was formally launched in Nairobi, Kenya, earlier this year. With a membership of over 350 professionals working in the nuclear sector across Africa, the organisation works with industry partners to raise awareness and skills among young people around science and technology, and nuclear power in particular. “Africa is the new nuclear frontier, and we are working to equip the continent’s young professionals with the skills they will need in this new environment.” Power-GEN & DistribuTECH Conference

October 2017


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Gideon Potgieter

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Technology readiness level

Description

1. Basic principles observed and reported

This is the lowest “level” of technology maturation. At this level, scientific research begins to be translated into applied research and development.

2. Technology concept and/or application formulated

Once basic physical principles are observed, then at the next level of maturation, practical applications of those characteristics can be ‘invented’ or identified. At this level, the application is still speculative: there is not experimental proof or detailed analysis to support the conjecture.

3. Analytical and experimental critical function and/or characteristic proof of concept

At this step in the maturation process, active research and development (R&D) is initiated. This must include both analytical studies to set the technology into an appropriate context and laboratory-based studies to physically validate that the analytical predictions are correct. These studies and experiments should constitute “proof-of-concept” validation of the applications/ concepts formulated at TRL 2.

4. Component and/or breadboard validation in laboratory environment

Following successful “proof-of-concept” work, basic technological elements must be integrated to establish that the “pieces” will work together to achieve concept-enabling levels of performance for a component and/or breadboard. This validation must be devised to support the concept that was formulated earlier, and should also be consistent with the requirements of potential system applications. The validation is “low-fidelity” compared to the eventual system: it could be composed of ad hoc discrete components in a laboratory.

5. Component and/or breadboard validation in relevant environment

At this level, the fidelity of the component and/or breadboard being tested has to increase significantly. The basic technological elements must be integrated with reasonably realistic supporting elements so that the total applications (component-level, sub-system level, or systemlevel) can be tested in a ‘simulated’ or somewhat realistic environment.

7. System prototype demonstration in a space environment

TRL 7 is a significant step beyond TRL 6, requiring an actual system prototype demonstration in a space environment. The prototype should be near or at the scale of the planned operational system and the demonstration must take place in space.

8. Actual system completed and ‘flight qualified’ through test and demonstration (ground or space)

In almost all cases, this level is the end of true ‘system development’ for most technology elements. This might include integration of new technology into an existing system.

9. Actual system ‘flight proven’ through successful mission operations

In almost all cases, the end of last ‘bug fixing’ aspects of true ‘system development’. This might include integration of new technology into an existing system. This TRL does not include planned product improvement of ongoing or reusable systems.

Don’t be a slave to technology readiness levels. We adopt what we can from level five and up

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Burtie Roberts, CEO

Ross Trevelyan, business unit head for product and engineering

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POWER TRANSMISSION

RINGSPANN TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS Mechanical Tech Advert - October 2017 100mm (height) x 130mm (width)

Transmission Components (PTY) LTD

High Speed Backstops

Hydraulic Power Units

Shrink Discs

Brakes

Tru-Line Rigid Flange Couplings

Locking Elements

Control Systems

YOUR BENEFIT IS OUR MOTIVATION

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Low Speed Backstops

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ringspann.co.za

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POWER TRANSMISSION

Case Study 1

Case Study 2

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Your boutique business destination Surrounded by lush gardens in the hub of Johannesburg’s northern suburbs, The Peartree in Craighall Park caters for groups of two through to 100 guests in nine well-appointed and equipped business suites. Breakfast meetings, working lunches, indoor or outdoor dining, half-day and full-day packages including all welcome refreshments, teas and lunches are offered in Standard, Gold and Platinum packages. Secure parking, business centre, fibre optic broadband AV, lockable space, all underpinned by highly qualified and helpful staff dedicated to ensuring your event is a success, make The Peartree a destination of choice.

www.thepeartree.co.za e-mail: info@thepeartree.co.za Tel: 011 781 1401 41 St. Albans Ave, Craighall Park


DIGITAL DISRUPTION

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What’s Bothering SA’s Youth? As part of its Supply Chain Foresight Report on Skills & Unemployment in South Africa, Barloworld Logistics conducted a Youth Pulse survey to gain a deeper understanding of the challenges and concerns facing undergraduate and graduate students.

Shirley Duma, HR Director at Barloworld Logistics

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The 2015 Manpower Survey, sampling 750 businesses, revealed that the following positions were the most difficult to fill:

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APE pumps - Pumps at the heart of africa Mining

Waste Water processing

Manufacturers of: Vertical industrial turbine pumps Multi-stage high pressure pumps Split casing pumps End suction pumps

Power Generation

Petrochemicals

Vertical sump pumps API 610 pumps

26 Nagington Road, Wadeville Germiston 1400, South Africa Tel +27 11 824 4810 | Fax +27 11 824 2770 PO Box 14733, Wadeville 1422, South Africa Email: apepumps@mweb.co.za Website: www.apepumps.co.za

APE A5 ad.indd 1

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The way forward for South Africa

Having explored and outlined the challenge facing South African students, educators, government and businesses, it is clear that a multi-layered approach is required. In addition, each stakeholder has a very unique role to play, and definitive hurdles to overcome. Students, for example, need to readjust and reset certain expectations and ideas of the workplace, while educators need to become more open to the digital realm and the new set of tools it is proffering. Commerce and industry need to come to the fore in their relationship with all parties more involved and committed to the changes that need to be made.

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RELIABLE ENERGY SOLUTION for the entire mining sector.

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Power Tranformers Tiger RMU Overhead Lines MV Switchgear Mini Substations Mobile/Containerised Substations MV Motors E-Houses Distribution Transformers Motor Control Centres MV Slipring Motor MV Drive Automation Control Room Invicta Vibrator Motors Diesel Generator Electrical Construction LV Motors & Drives

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The Zest WEG Group, a subsidiary of leading Brazilian motor and controls manufacturer WEG, started out as a South African company and maintains its strong commitment to contributing to the development of the African region.

An in-depth understanding of the harsh conditions found within the mining sector and years of experience on the African continent, have ensured that the Zest WEG Group service offering is fit-forpurpose.

The Zest WEG Group has been servicing the mining sector for more than 35 years and by leveraging best practice engineering and manufacturing capabilities, the group is able to offer a range of standard off-the-shelf products as well as endto-end energy solutions.

From single product installations to individually customised solutions, which are application specific, the latest technology is used to ensure optimum performance and reliability without compromising on energy efficiency.

ZestWeg_771_mining_adv_SAMechEng_176x130.indd 1

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WEG products are engineered to facilitate a safe and reliable mine and plant with operational stability and the highest possible production levels as an objective. Reduced maintenance and ease of serviceability assist in lowering the total cost of ownership for the mine. Supporting customers is key and the Zest WEG Group operates a strategically situated network of branches and distributors across the continent. This ensures the highest levels of technical support as well as easy access to product and parts.

SCAN HERE for more about our offerings in the mining sector

Tel: +27 11 723 6000

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www.zestweg.com

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Inspecting the silo for a solution, we realised that the limestone could be packed like snowballs, dense enough to stick to the wall when thrown

Vacuum technology redefined

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Figure 1: Effect of temperature on viscosity of different base oils

= Figure 2: Effect of oxidation resistance (longer life) of different base oils

Figure 3: Specific heat of different base oils

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Figure 4: Traction coefficient of different base oils

REA003_4_Half Page advert October 2017 PRINT.pdf

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High Spec Refinery Project

SS110L

Continuous vacuum pan (CVP) supplied into the Nakambala Product Alignment and Refinery project

Keeping Africa running smoothly. Engen is committed to an African success story. In Africa, industries operate under extreme conditions different from any other place in the world. That’s why we do more to develop our tailor-made range of lubricants. We use top-of-the-line technology and only the best ingredients. The result is an advanced technology product that meets industry requirements and reliability expectations. And our dedicated team on the ground ensures that you have access to what you need, when you need it. Contact the Engen Customer Service Centre (CSC): +27 21 403 5090 or visit www.engenoil.com.

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On the Move

Gavin Pelser

Phelokazi Mpondo

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Iaan du Toit

Kobus Olivier

Robbie Login

Nick van Deventer

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Need a tough clean up pump? Try the high performance LCV. The rugged LCV - heavy duty vertical pumps combine long wear life with high sustainable hydraulic efficiency for the lowest total cost of ownership. Wear components are available in a wide range of proprietary hard iron alloys. The V-Belt drive system accepts high horsepower motors and the structural parts in corrosion resistant alloys. KSB Aktiengesellschaft · Johann-Klein-Straße 9 · 67227 Frankenthal · www.ksb.com

GIW LCV Pump


INCOAIR

TM

TM

IncoAir offers you a wide range of premium valve actuation solutions. TM With over 20 years of industry experience, IncoAir can help you take control of your process effectively and efficiently.

RT SERIES P N E U M AT I C R A C K & P I N I O N A C T UATO R

Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ

Torque up to 13,000 [Nm] Spring return and double acting versions available Available with corrosion resistant PTFE coating

HPY SERIES S C OT C H YO K E P N E U M AT I C A C T UATO R

Ÿ Ÿ

Ÿ

Torque up to 257,000 [Nm] modular design enables alternation between Spring return and double acting configuration while valve is installed in line without the need for special tools. Available with corrosion resistant PTFE coating

KG SERIES L I N E A R P N E U M AT I C A C T UATO R

Ÿ Ÿ

Thrust up to 170 [kN]

Ÿ

Available in stainless steel for installation in corrosive environments

double acting and springless fail safe versions available

INCO

TM

sales@arcontrols.com +27 (16) 981 4551

VALVE AND CONTROLS A SUBSIDIARY OF AR CONTROLS

WWW.ARCONTROLS.COM

2017/10 - SA Mechanical Engineer  
2017/10 - SA Mechanical Engineer