VETERINARY PRESCRIPTIVE NUTRITION
Introduction At Pet Nutrition Systems we use an unprecedented “FOUR CORE STANDARDS PROCESS” that carefully consider “Form, Balance, Potency, and Freshness” in order to maximize the bio-availability of all nutrients. These custom blended formulations incorporate specific, individualized dosage of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, nutrients and symptom-oriented non drug medicines (herbal, glandular, and homeopathic). These therapies more closely match the metabolic and nutrient requirements of an individual pet than any supplementation programs devised to date. Pet Nutrition Systems formulate individual diet plans that adjust and change to meet the needs of the animal you are treating. We also provide you with the best handmade whole food products that are produced to provide maximum absorption of all the critical nutrients.
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Nutritional Factors and the Immune System An adequate nutritional state is important in managing a variety of inherited and other metabolic diseases as well as for a healthy immune system. Nutritional factors that play an important role in immune function include zinc, selenium and vitamin E, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), and linoleic acid. Deficiency of these compounds impairs both circulating (humoral) as well as cell-mediated immunity. The requirement for essential nutrients increases during periods of rapid growth or reproduction and also may increase in geriatric individuals, because immune function and the bioavailability of these nutrients generally wane with aging. Assurance of proper nutritional health entails more than meeting minimal nutrient profiles defined by the AAFCO. Pet Nutrition Systems’ nutritional assessment considers several other important influencing factors including the status of the animal, the current diet, the feeding management and the environment. An iterative process, in which the factors affecting the animal’s nutritional status get assessed as often as required, provides the most thorough nutritional assessment of your pet.
Animal-specific factors: Age, physiological status and activity of the pet. Problems related to these factors are referred to as nutrient-sensitive disorders (e.g., intolerances, allergies and organ-specific diseases). Diet choice should be restricted to those formulated to meet the disease-associated nutritional limitations of the specific animal.
Safety and appropriateness of the current diet. Problems related to diet factors are referred to as diet-induced disorders (e.g., nutrient imbalances, spoilage, contamination, adulteration). Feeding a diet known to be species appropriate for the animal may treat animals with these disorders.
Feeding management and environmental factors:
Frequency, timing, location and method of feeding. Space and quality of the pet's surroundings. Problems related to feeding and environmental factors are referred to as feeding-related and environment-related disorders (e.g., over- or underfeeding, excessive use of treats, poor husbandry, competitive eating in dogs, or lack of appropriate environmental stimulation). These situations require effective communications to produce the appropriate behavioral changes in the patient.
Interpretation, Analysis and Action Upon review the nutritional assessment, interpret and analyze the information that has been gathered to devise an action plan and consider the following:
Diet Factors Determine if current amount and type of food is appropriate Based on life stage, lifestyle/activity, disease, body condition, concurrent medications and/or medical procedures. If diet factors are determined to be inadequate, PNS will
prepare a plan for food and treats that provides appropriate calories and nutrient intake for the animal. Consider other food sources in total intake recommendations if necessary. PNS will help you recommend a specific feeding plan that incorporates pet food, treats, table food, feeding method, frequency and location.
Feeding management and environment factors Determine any changes in feeding management and any necessary environmental changes. Some dogs and cats can maintain good body condition when fed free choice, others require meal feeding of appropriate amounts to maintain good body conditioning. Confirm the use of an appropriate food-measuring device (e.g., an 8-oz measuring cup), and provide food in measured amounts (whether feeding free choice or meals). Management changes may include provision of feeding toys, and reducing conflict and competition for food. Environmental enrichment may include increased opportunities for activity (play, exercise), as well as efforts to decrease perception of threat from other animals (as well as humans) and reducing the frequency of unpredictable change in the animal's environment.
Summary Nutritional assessment is an important aspect of optimal animal care. Pet Nutrition Systems veterinary prescriptive nutrition service provides guidance for appropriate, effective assessment, evaluation, action monitoring, education and handmade meals. With little practice, this approach can be efficiently incorporated into daily practice without additional time or expense. Stay tuned for further developments and expanding knowledge. Wholesome nutrition is a key component for maintaining a healthy immune system and resistance to disease. 98% of all commercially made dog food ingested by pets are imbalanced in terms of major nutrients, minerals and vitamins, and often contain chemicals added to the final product to enhance its stability and shelf life. Nutritional deficiencies or imbalances, as well as exposures to various chemicals, drugs and toxins, present a continual immunological challenge which can suppress overall immune function, especially in those animals genetically susceptible to immune dysfunction (immune deficiency, autoimmunity, allergies). For example, Beagles are susceptible to distemper, demodectic mange, and autoimmune thyroid disease; Boxers to cancers; Doberman Pinschers and Rottweilerâ€™s to parvovirus gastroenteritis with vomiting and diarrhea; and Shar Peiâ€™s to IgA deficiency. However not all individuals at risk will become affected. One hypothesis to explain why some animals become affected with specific diseases while others remain normal, despite their common susceptibility, is called the "Threshold Model." In this situation, genetically susceptible individuals develop disease following the additive effects of inducing agents such as drugs, exposure to toxic or noxious substances, hormonal imbalances and dietary influences. Genetic differences between individuals lead to quantitative variations in dietary requirements for energy, nutrients and overall health. Also genetic defects may result in inborn errors of metabolism that affect one or more pathways involving nutrients or their metabolites. Many inborn errors of metabolism are fatal, whereas others may show significant clinical improvement with nutritional management. Minimal and maximal nutrient requirements that can be important in this regard include vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium, vitamin A, copper and vitamin B-12. Similarly, a wide variation occurs in the energy needs of dogs depending on their breed, age, sex and size. Breeders quickly learn to adjust the caloric intake of their animals depending on the optimal requirements of each individual. When correcting a general physical or dietary deficiency, our handmade organic meals and healing beverages give particular attention to form, balance and potency for optimum health and measured results. Holistic veterinarians insist that the key to disease prevention is found in a diet rich from living enzymes, antioxidants, amino acids and a good source of organic protein.
Pet Nutrition Systems gourmet recipes and prescriptive formulations start & end with pure restaurant quality ingredients.We utilize the most advanced blood tests to diagnose and help correct your pets nutritional deficiencies, over come an illness and or improve the quality of life. We use modern science and the most advanced veterinary prescriptive nutrition programs. Once we have filled out the PNS Veterinary Prescriptive Nutrition form and scheduled your consultation you will be on your way to receiving a customized nutrition program for your pet companion. We will consider the need to obtain copies of your petâ€™s recent blood tests and may make recommendations for further testing as needed. Our expert animal nutritionists will select the proper recipes for your petâ€™s diet plan.
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