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Surreal Friends Leonora Carrington Remedios Varo Kati Horna Surrealism in Sussex Francisco Toledo Events, Talks and Workshops

£2 Number 21 June–September 2010

LG 1879-1961

Charleston Drawing Room c.1945 oil on canvas 61 x 50.8 cms 24 x 20 ins signed with initials and inscribed with title on reverse

Vanessa Bell

The present work represents the corner of the sitting room at Charleston Farmhouse, the house situated in the Sussex Downs near Firle and formerly occupied and decorated throughout by Duncan Grant and Vanessa Bell.

Twentieth Century British Paintings At least twelve exhibitions each year encompassing British Impressionism, Modern British and Contemporary paintings and Sculpture. Consult our programme online and register at to receive regular up-dates and a free catalogue of your choice.

MESSUM’S 8 Cork Street, London W1S 3LJ Tel: +44 (0)20 7437 5545

OPEN TUESDAY – SUNDAY, 10:30 – 17:00

sculpture estate, goodwood, chichester, west sussex registered charity 1015088

Contents Features 18 24 26 28 30 34 36

Surreal Friends Interview with Stefan van Raay Leonora Carrington Marina Warner Remedios Varo Teresa Arcq Kati Horna Dawn Ades Surrealism in Sussex Dr Sharon-Michi Kusunoki Francisco Toledo: Papalotes Antonio Rodriguez Rivera LOCUS Ania Bas

Friends 40 42

Chairman's Letter Forthcoming Friends Events

Regulars 7 9 14 39 44 58 60

Director's Letter What's On: Exhibitions News Bookshop What's On: Events Pallant Photos Artwork of the Month

Top Remedios Varo, Portrait of Dr Ignacio Chavez, 1957, oil on masonite, Private Collection Mexico, Š Remedios Varo, DACS/VEGAP, (ex: Chichester, Norwich), 2010. Front Cover Remedios Varo, Creation of the Birds (Creacion de las aves) (detail), 1957, Oil on masonite, Š Remedios Varo, DACS/VEGAP, (ex: Chichester, Norwich), 2010.


Editorial Editorial Editors Harriet Judd, Emma Robertson, Gallery Editorial Stefan van Raay, Emma Robertson Guest Editorial (with thanks) Dawn Ades, Marina Warner, Teresa Arcq, Dr Sharon-Michi Kusunoki, Anne Hewat, Antonio Rodriguez Rivera Design, Editing and Production David Wynn, Advertising Booking and General Enquiries Kim Jenner +44 (0)207 3005658 Jane Grylls +44 (0)207 3005661 Gallery Information Pallant House Gallery 9 North Pallant, Chichester West Sussex, PO19 1TJ, UK Telephone +44 (0)1243 774557,

We wish to thank Headline Sponsor of the Gallery 2010

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Sponsor of Pallant House Gallery Friends 2010

Willard Conservation Limited, The Priory and Poling Charitable Trusts, The Garfield Weston Foundation, Cawley Financial Services (Sponsor of Pallant House Gallery Friends 2010) and other Trusts, Foundations and anonymous benefactors. Pallant House Gallery makes every effort to seek permission of copyright owners for images reproduced in this publication. If however, a work has not been correctly identified or credited and you are the copyright holder, or know of the copyright holder, please contact the editor.


We’ve previously proved that Culture and Tourism work well together to create a greater impact. So, this year we’ve joined forces with Pallant House Gallery to be part of their Surreal Friends exhibition. We’re very proud to pay tribute to three great artists, Leonora Carrington, Remedios Varo and Kati Horna, all have been inspired by Mexico and each adopted the country as their own source of inspiration. We created this inspired partnership between the Mexico Tourism Board and Pallant House Gallery to put Mexico in people’s minds.

Magical Friends We thank the lenders to Surreal Friends: Private collection courtesy of Artemundi Global Fund, Miami, USA Frey Norris Gallery, San Francisco, USA Charles B. Goddard Center, Ardmore, Oklahoma, USA Edward James Foundation, West Dean, Chichester, UK Fred Jones Jr Museum of Art, Norman, Oklahoma, USA Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico Galeria Oscar Roman, Mexico City, Mexico Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, Norwich, UK Tate, London, UKa Weinstein Gallery, San Francisco, USA And all private collectors in Mexico, the USA and the UK


We also thank Joanna Moorhead, Teresa Arcq, Sharon-Michi Kusunoki, Antonio Rodriguez Rivera, Daniella Norton and everyone at Pallant House Gallery.



The catalogue and the exhibitions have been generously supported by:



The Aldama Foundation

Keith Clark

Catherine and Franck Petitgas


FOYLE FOUNDATION We are also grateful to the sponsors:


c 6



A Summer of Surrealism Stefan van Raay

Kati Horna, Remedios Varo wearing a mask by Leonora Carrington and Kati Horna © Kati Horna all rights reserved 2010

This summer we have an exciting feast for culture lovers of all ages: six exhibitions and displays in the Gallery and over 40 events. 'Surreal Friends', three international exhibitions of the work of the English painter Leonora Carrington (b. 1917), the Spanish painter Remedios Varo (1908–1963) and the Hungarian photographer Kati Horna (1912–2000) celebrate the personal and artistic friendships of these surrealist artists since meeting in Mexico City in 1943. You can find more on p.19, on our new website ( and in the richly-illustrated book which accompanies these exhibitions (p.39). We pay tribute to Leonora Carrington, the last surviving Surreal Friend. The patron and collector Edward James from West Dean was a close friend of all three artists and he met them regularly while visiting Mexico where he created his Surrealist Garden of Eden, Las Pozas in Xilitla. The exhibition 'Surrealism in Sussex' takes James as its subject along with his contemporaries and fellow Sussex residents, the writer and painter Roland Penrose and the photographer Lee Miller, also close friends of Carrington (p 31). In Field & Fork at Pallant House Gallery you will also find prints of photographs by Lee Miller which are for sale (p 39). Mexico plays a central part in the summer programme - the country where many refugees from the Spanish Civil War and World War Two settled in the late 1930s and early 40s, amongst them Varo and Horna. This year

marks two momentous events in Mexico's history: the Bicentenary of Independence from Spain (1810) and the Centenary of the Mexican Revolution (1910) and we celebrate these and the 70th birthday of one of Mexico's leading artists, Francisco Toledo, with an installation of Papalotes, art kites, by him and his studio team suspended in the 18th Century staircase (p.35). You will have the chance to take one or more home after 12 September for a very affordable price.Elsewhere, a Pallant House Gallery initiated project working with modern day refugees can be found on page 36. Films, concerts, performances and talks are also on offer in the next few months, some in partnerships: Chichester Festivities and SameSky (NEWS, 26 June), the Chichester Cinema at New Park (Viva Mexico! and Surrealist cinema July–August and the International Film Festival 19 August–4 September) and the Southern Cathedrals Festival (14–18 July). We are most grateful to the supporters of this programme: the Mexican Tourism Board UK, the Foyle Foundation, the Edward James Foundation, the Aldama Foundation, Catherine and Franck Petitgas, Keith Clark and the Mexican Embassy in the UK. We also thank the generous sponsors Mexicana and GAM. I do hope you will enjoy the programme and I look forward to meeting you at as many events as possible. Book now to avoid disappointment!


What's On Exhibitions Surreal Friends: Leonora Carrington, Remedios Varo and Kati Horna 19 June–12 September 2010 Leonora Carrington, Remedios Varo and Kati Horna an English painter, a Spanish painter and a Hungarian photographer - met in Mexico City in 1943. All three had recently fled war-torn Europe and together they shared memories of Paris, Surrealism, the Spanish Civil War, and the outbreak of World War II. Surreal Friends celebrates the friendship of these three women. It represents the first substantial display of Carrington's work in Britain for 19 years, and the first ever comprehensive showing of works by her friends Varo and Horna in the UK.

Leonora Carrington, Darvault , 1950, oil on canvas, Private Collection © ARS, NY and DACS, London

Surrealism in Sussex 29 May–12 September 2010 A display inspired by the rich tradition of Surrealism in Sussex including works patronised by the famous benefactor and resident of nearby West Dean, Edward James (1907–1984), and key pieces by the photographer and model Lee Miller (1907–1977), and the painter Roland Penrose (1900–1984) who lived at Farley Farm in Chiddingly, East Sussex.

Francisco Toledo, Papalotes

Installation Francisco Toledo: Papalotes May–September 2010 To coincide with the 2010 Mexican 'Year of the Nation' – the double celebration of the Centenary of the Mexican Revolution and the Bicentenary of Mexican independence - the latest installation in the eighteenth-century stairwell in Pallant House is a vibrant display of art kites or 'papalotes' by Francisco Toledo, one of the most important, elusive and controversial artist working in Mexico today. Each art kite is an exquisite work of art, rich with the themes and symbolism of Francisco Toledo such as snakes and turtles. Lee Miller Photographs 29 May–12 September 2010 Digital prints of photographs by Lee Miller will be on show at Field & Fork at Pallant House Gallery and for sale from the Gallery bookshop. Modern British Art: A Collection of Collections Permanent One of the best collections of 20th century British art in the world including important works by amongst others; Andrews, Auerbach, Blake, Bomberg, Caulfield, Freud, Hamilton, Hodgkin, Nicholson, Moore, Paolozzi, Piper, Sickert and Sutherland, shown throughout the gallery spaces including the original Grade 1 listed Queen Anne townhouse.


What's On Exhibitions De'Longhi Print Room Surreal Friends: Kati Horna 19 June–12 September 2010 The first major UK exhibition of the work of the Hungarian photographer Kati Horna (19122000), a contemporary and close friend of the legendary war photographer Robert Capa.

Studio Exhibitions St Wilfrid's Hospice 3 June–2 July An exhibition of selected work from the second joint open art competition held to raise funds for St Wilfrid's Hospice and Outside In.

LOCUS 31 August–26 September Recent work from Locus, an art project with refugees, asylum seekers and members of the local community from Portsmouth supported by Pallant House Gallery as part of its activity with ArtRefuge - a constituted group initiated by Pallant House Gallery with the aim of offering sustainable art projects for asylum seekers and refugees. Outside In: Danielle Holland 28 September–31October An exhibition of Outside In award-winner, Danielle Holland, exploring the theme of generosity.

Forthcoming Exhibitions Gods & Monsters: John Deakin's Portraits of British Artists 1 October 2010–Spring 2011 Providing a unique view of the artistic bohemia of post-war Soho, this exhibition pairs iconic portraits of British artists by the legendary Vogue photographer John Deakin (1912-1972) with major paintings by each artist. Artists and subjects include: Michael Andrews, Francis Bacon, John Craxton, Lucian Freud, John Minton, and Eduardo Paolozzi.

Chichester High School for Girls 6 July–1 August An eclectic exhibition of textile works by AS Level and final-year GCSE pupils at Chichester High School for Girls. Outside In Peter Andrews 3 August–29 August Outside In award-winner, Peter Andrews lives with severe epilepsy and learning difficulties. Art captures his imagination and provides him with the opportunity to express and believe in himself. This exhibition is drawn from his recent work developed during sessions at The Arthouse Meath. 10

Contemporary Eye: Crossovers 1 October 2010–Spring 2011 A series of exciting interventions in the 18th century house and new wing galleries from major private collections, by international contemporary artists exploring traditional craft techniques such as ceramics, textiles, wood carving, glass and taxidermy. Artists include Grayson Perry, Tracey Emin, Rachel Kneebone, Laura Ford and Kara Walker.

Art Under the Hammer De'Longhi and Macmillan team up for fourth annual art auction

Headline Sponsor of the Gallery 2010

Sam Taylor-Wood, “After Dark (with lights)” – one of the pieces up for auction at this year's Macmillan De'Longhi Art Auction

This September, the annual Macmillan De'Longhi Art Auction will once again make its mark on London's art and social calendar. The auction, now in its fourth year, will see pieces of modern art go under the hammer, with all proceeds donated directly to Macmillan Cancer Support to help people whose lives are affected by cancer. Over the past three years the auction has attracted donations from high profile artists, and this year promises to be no exception with donors including Maggie Hambling, Jillian Edelstein, Sam Taylor-Wood, Sir Howard Hodgkin and Rosie Emerson, amongst others.

"Over the past three years we have raised over £300,000 for the charity and it is a pleasure to work with artists who are prepared to donate their time for such a worthy cause." For more information about the artwork being sold or to enquire about tickets please contact Claire Ingram at Clarion Communications or 020 7343 3142. For more information about De'Longhi visit

"The aim of the Macmillan De'Longhi Art Auction is to increase the awareness of Macmillan as a source of support and a force for change," said Nigel Wainwright, Managing Director of De'Longhi UK.




BRITISH PAINTING 14 June to 14 August 2010 (closed 1-4 July) BOHUN GALLERY 15 Reading Road, Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire RG9 1AB Open 10.00-1.15 & 2.15-5.00 Closed Wednesday and Sunday Telephone/fax 01491 576228 Mary Fedden The Quince 2006 Oil on canvas 233/4 x 19 3/4 in

10027_pallant_106x148.indd 1

18/5/10 14:47


Crazy Joe © Andrew Shaylor

A New York style gallery in Petworth


Colin Barker PART OF THE PACK - The Hunt at Petworth The Arden and Anstruther Gallery invites you to Colin Barker’s exhibition at The Stables, Petworth House. Sat 3 - 31 July.


Colin Barker returns for August with his exhibition ‘Shots’.



Andrew Shaylor Photographs of the rockabilly music culture. 18 Sept to 30 Oct.

Arden and Anstruther 5 Lombard Street, Petworth, West Sussex, GU28 OAG. tel:

01798 344411

see website for more details Opening times Mon, Tues, Fri, Sat 11-5pm

News 'Desconocida : Unknown' As part of the 'Surreal Friends' season, the Danish artist Lise Bjørne Linnert will be working with the Gallery on a project exploring the critical situation in Ciudad Juarez, a city on the border of Mexico in which several hundred women have disappeared - suspected of being abused, murdered and trafficked. Participants will be invited to embroider name tags to represent the lost women. The resulting piece will be displayed as part of the 'Contemporary Eye: Crossovers' exhibition in October. Paul Hamlyn Funding We are delighted to announce that Outside In has been successful in securing funding from the Paul Hamlyn Foundation until 2013 which will enable the project to continue to build on the overwhelming success of the last three years and broaden its reach to marginalised and outsider artists nationally. The next Outside In exhibition is planned to take place in 2012. Langlands & Bell at Worksetting The Gallery has lent 'The Ministry' (Health and Education) by Langlands & Bell to the exhibition 'A Place for Everything and Everything in its Place' at Worksetting. The exhibition will feature works from known and emerging artists who explore the boundaries between art and utilitarian or non-art objects 14

Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Victor Willing, Night, 1978, Oil on canvas, Wilson Gift through The Art Fund, © Estate of the Artist

including Michelangelo Pistoletto, James Turrell, Lawrence Weiner, Jaume Pensa and Superflex. Victor Willing – Casa das Histórias Paula Rego Pallant House Gallery is lending a number of paintings by Victor Willing (1928-1988) to Casa das Histórias Paula Rego in Cascais, Portugal, where he is the subject of a major retrospective from July 2010 to January 2011. Willing lived and painted in Portugal for many years and was married to Paula Rego. Loans include 'Night' (1978), 'Swing' (1978), and 'Stepladder' (1976). 'The Art of Walter Sickert' at The Lightbox Seven paintings, drawings and prints by Walter Sickert have been lent to the exhibition 'The Art of Walter Sickert' at The Lightbox in Woking (15 May–25 July 2010)

including major work 'Jack Ashore' (1912). The exhibition explores the major themes which run through the artist's work, such as the nude, figures in interiors, the music hall, and city scenes. Win a trip to Leonora's Surreal Mexico A fantastic opportunity to win a six-day trip to Mexico for two people, generously donated by the Mexico Tourism Board. The prize includes flights to Mexico City, provided by Mexicana Airlines, accommodation at a boutique hotel Las Alcobas Hotel situated in the stylish Polanco neighbourhood Casa Oaxaca in Oaxaca City and two nights at a 5-star hotel in Huatulco, the unspoilt resort in the Pacific coast of Mexico. Visit and click on competition for details about how to enter.

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Surreal Friends Interview with Stefan van Raay, Director

'Surreal Friends' is a major season of international exhibitions celebrating the personal and artistic friendships of three leading women surrealist artists. Stefan van Raay, Director of Pallant House Gallery and Curator of 'Surreal Friends' introduces the show in an interview with Pallant House Gallerys Press Officer Emma Robertson

Emma Robertson Can you give us a brief overview of 'Surreal Friends'? What are its key themes? Stefan van Raay The story of Surreal Friends is basically the story of the twentieth century, the story of war and what happens when people are displaced. It focuses on the friendship between three women, the English painter Leonora Carrington, the Spanish painter Remedios Varo and the Hungarian photographer Kati Horna, who met in Mexico in 1943 and created a surrogate family in a new country. All three women had found refuge in Mexico City after they had lived what we would see as an experience of a lifetime though they were only in their twenties and early thirties. They had all been participants in major world events: the Spanish Civil War, the outbreak of the Second World War, and Surrealism in Paris. The Mexican Government under President CĂĄrdenas opened its borders to the Republican refugees from Spain and also to refugees from the war: political activists, intellectuals and artists. The policy - which was very much based on an idea of international solidarity - is key to the story of the 'Surreal Friends' who, with many other Europeans, became part of Mexico's cultural history of the 20th century.

Kati Horna. 'Leonora in Renaissance Style', collage, Mexico, 1987, Private Collection, United Kingdom Š Kati Horna all rights reserved 2010



ER Why did you decide to programme these exhibitions here at Pallant House Gallery? Is the timing significant?

tales, the Kabalah, and Buddhism but you can also see evidence of a tongue in cheek sense of humour.

SVR There are many reasons. Firstly, there is a local connection: we are only ten minutes from West Dean and Edward James who lived there, was a great friend of all three artists – particularly Carrington. James went to Mexico in 1946 just after the war where he met his friend Plutarco Gastelum with whom he created the Surrealist garden Las Pozas in the jungle valley of Xilitla. Carrington designed one of the pavilions and James became a great patron of her work - he had over 100 pieces by her in his collection at one point.

The past is very much alive to Carrington - her childhood, her education in convent schools (which she hated), going to art school in London, meeting Max Ernst, falling in love, joining him in Paris and becoming part of the inner circle of the art world. But, at the same time, she is interested in now. The first thing she says when you visit her is: 'tell me what's going on in the world'. She has very outspoken views on issues such as universal access to birth control and the total legalisation of drugs though mostly she has stayed away from politics - except for during the 1968 student revolt in Mexico City when the Government killed hundreds of students at a demo. Carrington marched with her two sons, ran a printing press from her house and there was even a danger that she and her sons would be arrested so she fled the country and went into hiding in New Orleans before later returning to Mexico City.

Also, the focus in the past has been very much on the male surrealists, but these exhibitions look at what women surrealists have contributed and how they created their own brand of surrealism. It fits well into our series of women surrealist exhibitions which started in autumn 2008 with Eileen Agar, and then Lee Miller and Friends in 2009. Our collection is mainly Modern British Art but through Carrington we also introduce her close friends who are mostly unknown in this country so it will be a completely new discovery for many people. Finally, this year marks 200 years ago since Mexico became independent from Spain and 100 years since the Mexican revolution started. The Mexican revolution was the first major revolution of the twentieth century and it changed Mexico dramatically. The story of Surreal Friends is directly linked with Mexican 20th Century history. ER Carrington is the only living member of the group. Can you tell us a bit more about your personal impression of her as she is today? SVR Carrington is one of the most revered artists in Mexico. She has been given every possible honour: citizenship of Mexico City and the National Arts award and people are constantly paying homage to her but, at 93, her main concern is not her reputation as an artist- it is her daily environment, her two sons, her dog, very mundane things. She is quite modest about her achievements - she says nobody who is intelligent can fail to be modest about their achievements. One of the great things about her is her British sense of humour. If you look at her paintings you can see influences such as Lewis Carroll, Irish fairy

ER All three women influenced each other artistically as well as personally especially Varo and Carrington. What are some of the similarities/ differences? When Varo and Carrington met they immediately sparked each other off. Varo had been involved in the surrealist movement in Spain and later in Paris with Benjamin Péret and she and Carrington had first met there - only once according to Leonora – but it was in Mexico that they met properly. They were apparently very funny together and had endless sessions about art and the meaning of life, the universe, the surreal, alchemy, and witchcraft. There is no doubt that Carrington stimulated Varo. Varo had worked previously in design for campaigns - and in the exhibition there are examples of designs she made for Bayer in Mexico - but it was Leonora who encouraged her to become an independent painter in the late 1940s up to her death in 1963. When she had her first exhibition in 1956 all her paintings sold out and people started to put themselves on a waiting list for her work. There are interesting differences though: Carrington is more about tone and colour, while Varo is much more about line and form. That is because Varo's father was an engineer and he taught her to draw so her paintings are incredibly precise. Also Varo met Walter Gruien who had a successful music shop in Mexico City so she could work in a more carefree way while Carrington had to work to earn money.

Kati Horna, 'Remedios Varo at her easel', Mexico, 1963 © Kati Horna all rights reserved 2010


Horna was an extremely interesting woman and a very good photographer. She was a childhood friend of Chiki Weisz, the man Leonora married. He was Hungarian- Jewish like Horna and it is probably through that connection that everybody met each other. Horna was a very kind and quite self-effacing woman and she was the most down to earth of the three. They all lived in the same area in Colonia Roma in Mexico City which was a hub of the exiled artists, intellectuals and the refugees from Europe and were in each other's kitchens all the time, eating together and having parties. Horna had to earn a living by photographing the cultural elite of Mexico and also by reportage but some of her own projects have very clear surreal elements. That's quite logical because she was part of the circle of Lajos Kassak in Budapest, the man who introduced the latest artistic developments to Budapest, as was Chiki Weisz and Kati Horna's other childhood friend Robert Capa. Capa of course became very famous with his war photography but I think some of Horna's war photography is on a par with his. The three women collaborated together on projects such as the photograph of Remedios Varo in a mask by Carrington taken by Horna which is in the exhibition. Carrington made a doll for Norah Horna, Kati Horna's daughter and the photograph Kati took of it is also in the exhibition, and José Horna collaborated with Carrington and his wife.

an unseen world or the meaning of the universe. Leonora never belonged to a belief system but the one closest to her beliefs is Tibetan Buddhism. She says it is not a religion, it is more a way of life. Now she says the only thing she knows is that she doesn't know but she is now at ease with it.

Exhibition Surreal Friends: Leonora Carrington, Remedios Varo and Kati Horna 19 June–12 September 2010 Talk Surreal Friends in Conversation Tues 22 June, 6pm Curator's Tours Wed 7 July, 2pm Wed 1 September, 11am A full programme of talks, tours, films and performances accompanies Surreal Friends. For full details of all the events turn to pages 45-54 or visit

ER Many of Carrington's works contain figures of three women – do they refer to the 'Surreal Friends'? Can you explain any more of Carrington and Varo's symbolism? SVR It is a logical step that the figures refer to them either in reality or symbolically. They are very often involved in witchcraft or alchemy or in the process of being transformed into a horse, a crow. The kitchen table recurs again and again and cooking as a form of alchemy. The tempera they used to paint with is another variant of this. I have actually asked Leonora to explain her symbolism but she gently refuses to explain, saying she doesn't know - it just comes out. Sometimes you get a hint though: once I asked her about 'Darvault' and she told me she had stayed in a house like that when she was in France and another time she did admit that the two children in 'And then we saw the Daughter of the Minotaur' were her own. So, she will refer to some practical things but otherwise she will refuse to answer. There are also a lot of recurring elements such as a search for 22

Robert Capa, 'Kati Horna in the studio of Josef Pésci', Budapest, 1933 © Kati Horna all rights reserved 2010



Leonora Carrington Marina Warner

'As a treat to celebrate her first communion, Leonora Carrington was taken to the small local zoo at the English seaside resort of Blackpool. She remembers it partly because it was the first time she had been to a zoo and seen the wild animals who occupied much of her dream time, and partly because it was her mother who was taking her there. This was a rare treat, as the child was usually attended by her nanny. Creatures – actual and fantastic, wild and tame – populate Leonora Carrington's paintings, her sculptures, her stories and novels; she was 'born loving them', and in Mexico she responded with recognition to the Indian belief that each of us possesses an animal – nahual – soul as well as a human one. In everybody, she says, there is an 'inner bestiary'. When she was small, she was frightened of ghosts but not at all afraid of the 'very funny' visions she sometimes had, in which a wild tortoise would sometimes cross her path or 'an absolutely huge cat' would appear 'sitting in a disused dog kennel.' She began writing and illustrating stories very young, when she was around four years old. She makes light of her gifts and precociousness – 'all children do it.' The bestiary continued to inhabit her, and all of the animals within, the horse predominates, and next to the horse, the hyena . . . The hyena embodies the young woman's sex and fertility, the horse her dynamism and speed and sovereignty. 'A horse gets mixed up with Leonora Carrington, The Giantess or Guardian of the Egg, 1950, tempera on wood panel, Private Collection © ARS, NY and DACS, London

one's body…it gives energy and power,' Leonora says. 'I used to think I could turn myself into a horse.' She remembers how her mother told her stories about Jack Frost, the folk spirit of winter, who knew powerful magic, and how subsequently she, Leonora, pestered the sub-postmistress in the village, through whom telephone calls had to be placed in those days, with requests to put her through to Jack Frost, who 'would help change her into a horse.' Leonora and her mother were the only members of the family to ride (To her shame today, she used to go hunting too). The family were brought up in a Lancashire mansion called Crookhey Hall, and though they left it in 1927, when she was a child of ten, for a somewhat less magnificent establishment, it is Crookhey Hall with its gardeners and huntsmen and maids and 'lavatory Gothic architecture' (Leonora's phrase) which has provided the principal stuff of Carrington's art.' This is an abridged extract from Marina Warner's Introduction to Leonora Carrington, /The House of Fear: Notes from Down Below/. Trans. Katherine Talbot and Marina Warner (New York: E.P.Dutton, 1988, and London: Virago, 1989). Reproduced by kind permission of the author. Talk Leonora Carrington's Magic Tales by Marina Warner Thursday 29 July, 6pm (See page 45) 25


Remedios Varo Teresa Arcq

Varo and the Surrealist poet Benjamin Peret disembarked at the port of Veracruz on December 16, 1941, the day she turned 33. Little is known of Varo's artistic production from her arrival in Mexico until the 1950s, when she began creating fascinating works that drew on a very personal vision. Displaying an extraordinary skill learned at the San Fernando Fine Arts Academy in Madrid and through close observation of the Old Masters, she constructed a pictorial universe that expressed her profound vision of human beings, their inner worlds and their relationship with the cosmos. Drawing on influences such as the Russian mystics Peter Ouspensky and George Gurdjieff, her interest in the development of consciousness and the role of humankind in achieving universal harmony led her to conceive an enigmatic and magical oeuvre. Most of the mysterious scenarios in her paintings are inhabited by a sole figure, often androgynous-looking, with an astonishing resemblance to herself, absorbed in a metaphysical quest. In 'Harmony' (1956) or 'Suggestive Self-portrait', Varo painted a medieval atmosphere that evokes the architectural constructions of the Siennese painter Ambrogio Lorenzetti. Her works from that period were perfectly structured, mathematically-calculated compositions. Every painting was planned in its totality in preliminary sketches before being set down on a canvas or panel with a very delicate brushtroke. Colour was often used in a symbolic way: in 'Harmony' Remedios Varo, Harmony, 1956, Oil on masonite, Private Collection © Remedios Varo, DACS/VEGAP, (ex: Chichester, Norwich), 2010.

blue is the hue of intellect, peace and contemplation. Symbolising the sky and infinity, it represents the mystical search the character is undertaking. The setting of the hunting room resembles the alchemical laboratories of the esoteric literature favoured by the surrealists. Within, a solitary figure is surrounded by symbols of alchemy, magic, and transformation. The birds represent freedom from the physical restrictions of earth–bound life and the ascent of the soul to the gods, often through mystical experience. “This person” explained Varo in a letter to her brother, “is trying to find the invisible thread that unites all things; so, on a musical staff made of metal threads he places all sorts of objects… once he manages to put all these different objects into place, by blowing air through the clef supporting the staff, he should produce music that is not only harmonious, but also objective…capable of moving the things around…” In this magnificent painting, Varo represents the virtuous harmony between art and nature as the instrument that leads to higher spiritual knowledge. It challenges the viewer to question their perceptions of reality and takes them into a journey through the mysteries of consciousness. Talk Surreal Friends in Conversation with Teresa Arcq Tuesday 22 June, 6pm (See page 45) 27

Kati Horna, photomontage and the Avant-Garde Dawn Ades

A disproportionate number of major twentieth-century photographers have come from Hungary: Moholy-Nagy, Kertesz, Brassaï, and Robert Capa. Kati Horna shared their approach to the medium, making photomontages as well as working in a range of modes. In Spain during the Civil War, Horna photographed civilians and made propaganda posters in support of the anarchists. In 'Peasants! The Federation of Iberian Anarchists is with you', the juxtaposition of the steeply-angled plough and the tilted figure of the sturdy peasant woman hints at a positive vision of a future world common to posters by artists in the USSR such as El Lissitsky and Klutsis. It tries to express both continuity and dynamism – an awkward combination but one which encapsulates the contradictory relationship between modernisation and the individual. The majority of her war photographs are compassionately-observed scenes from behind the front lines but there are some striking images using superimposition. In 'The Aragon Front' two negatives are superimposed and then printed, so that an old woman and child appear as though ghosts in the middle of a house ruined in the fighting. The image is specific to the Spanish conflict but could express the fate of victims in any war, the different photo-images are so subtly conjoined that the consequences of the conflict are made immediately manifest. In 'Stairway to the Cathedral', Horna overlays a portrait of a beautiful woman on a stairway wall to create a sinister atmosphere Kati Horna, 'Staircase to the Cathedral', photomontage, Spain 1937, Private Collection, United Kingdom © Kati Horna all rights reserved 2010

of imprisonment and surveillance. The original portrait is remarkably fine, reminiscent of her photography teacher, József Pécsi. Pécsi included photographic manipulation techniques such as superimposition in his courses. Well-known to photograpers at the time, some like Horna, were to make them vital forms of expression and part of the practice of avant-garde artists. The collaborative photomontages of Josef and Kati Horna are variations on this genre; the 'Childhood' series situate isolated fragments within the illusion of a continuous space. It is interesting to compare them with Moholy-Nagy's 'photoplastics' and with surrealist photomontages. Moholy-Nagy wanted to distinguish the 'photo-plastic' from dada photomontages, combining photo-elements on a spare white surface, often arranged within a geometric, abstract framework. Surrealist photomontage tended to juxtapose unrelated images to construct a complete, but unfamiliar or irrational scene. The Hornas' photomontages suggest a dream-like scene by suspending figures and fragments of architecture in an uncertain, but not abstract space. While Moholy-Nagy sought to convey the simultaneity of modern urban experiences, – in the Hornas' work the simultaneity is more related to the condensations and displacements of dreams. Talk Women and Surrealism with Dawn Ades Thurs 2 Sept, 6pm (See page 45) 29


Surrealism in Sussex Dr Sharon-Michi Kusunoki

To mark a new exhibition in the former drawing room of Pallant House, guest curator Dr SharonMichi Kusunoki, Head of House, Gallery, Archives and Collections at West Dean, considers the extraordinary environments of three former Sussex residents who were pivotal figures in the movement of surrealism to England. At a time when most public institutions in Britain pointedly ignored modern art, Edward James (19071984) from West Dean, West Sussex and Roland Penrose (1900-1984) from Chiddingly, East Sussex were instrumental in bringing the European avantgarde to the attention of the British public and artistic sector: James through his extensive patronage, and Penrose through his curatorial and collecting activities. During the 1930s their collections were arguably two of the most important bodies of Surrealist art in Europe, and it was Roland Penrose who helped to organise the first International Surrealist Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries in London in 1936, an exhibition to which Edward James was to lend. The new show at Pallant House Gallery, 'Surrealism in Sussex' celebrates this rich tradition of surrealism in the county through a glimpse into the worlds of Edward James and the Penroses, Roland and his wife, Lee Miller (1907-1977), focusing on their surrealist subversion of the interior.

Salvador Dali, Lobster Telephone and 'Mae West's Lips Sofa designed c. 1938 by Salvador Dali and Edward James, West Dean, The Edward James Foundation

Best known as a patron, Edward James' collection was diverse. However it is without a doubt that his greatest commitment was to the art of the surrealists: Leonora Carrington, Leonor Fini, RenĂŠ Magritte and Salvador DalĂ­, the first 'surrealist' he supported on a grand scale. One of the rare few who chose to build surrealism, James created, with the passion of an artist and phenomenal imagination, some of the most successful and harmonious examples of fantasy architecture and interior decoration of the 1930s - a hybrid, one might say, of the theatrical and the surrealist states of the marvellous. In London, James transformed his mid-Georgian Wimpole Street home into a highly theatrical spectacle - with lobster telephones, classical marble columns, billowing satin draperies, lush swags, and tremendous garlands. In the bathroom designed for his wife, the Viennese ballerina Tilly Losch, James immortalised Tilly's wet footprint by having it woven into the carpet that led to her bathroom. In West Sussex, James transformed his family's Lutyen's designed hunting lodge, Monkton House, into a Surrealist hermitage. Here James fused traditional architectural elements and stylistic influences with an eclecticism and imagination that integrated the past, the present and the world of fantasy, in a coherent way. In it he placed the highly celebrated 'Mae West Lips Sofa', and in 1986 after James's death, Monkton was publicly acknowledged to be Britain's most remarkable example of environmental surrealism. 31

Lee Miller from Poughkeepsie, New York, began her career as a top fashion model. In 1929 she became the lover, pupil and collaborator of the surrealist photographer Man Ray in Paris, and later ran her own studio in New York. Her surrealist images have earned her a key place in the history of art, but it is for her hauntingly disturbing work as a Second World War combat photographer that she is more widely known. Roland Penrose and Lee Miller were close friends to a number of artists including Max Ernst, Joan Miró, Man Ray, Pablo Picasso and Leonora Carrington, all of whom they loved to entertain at their home at Farley Farm in Chiddingly. Edward James's home, West Dean, is now a College dedicated to the study of conservation, making and the visual arts and the home of the Penrose's, Farley Farm, has been opened to the public by their only child Antony. This exhibition, 'Surrealism in Sussex', is based on the premise that the creation of a work of art consists of two things, a creative factor, and equally important, an environment which allows this to operate. John Armstrong, The Open Door, 1930, Pallant House Gallery, On loan from a private collection (2006) © Artist's Estate

Roland Penrose was born into a wealthy Quaker family, and although he initially trained as an architect at Queens' College, Cambridge, he went to Paris in 1922 to study painting and began a career as a writer and surrealist painter. Of Penrose's many achievements, one of his most important is undoubtedly his contribution to the International Surrealist Exhibition which proved to be a seminal marker, or steppingstone, for British surrealism. Penrose also wrote the first major English biography of Pablo Picasso and with the help of a loan from James for the 1936 exhibition, was responsible for bringing the work of Picasso to the eye of the British public. Penrose's collection included masterpieces by Picasso, Miró, De Chirico, Ernst, Magritte, Tanguy, Arp, Dalí and many other Surrealist works, as well as a fine group of ethnographic objects. In 1937 he met the photographer Lee Miller at a surrealist fancy dress ball and they married in 1947, the year in which he co-founded, with Herbert Read, the Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA) in London.

Exhibition Surrealism in Sussex 29 May–5 September 2010 Curator's Talk Thurs 15th July, 6pm Film Edward James: Builder of Dreams Thurs 22 July, 6pm A full programme of talks, tours, films and performances accompanies Surreal Friends and Surrealism in Sussex. For full details, turn to pages 45–54 or visit

Kati Horna, Edward James © Kati Horna all rights reserved 2010




Francisco Toledo: Papalotes Antonio Rodriguez Rivera

To coincide with the double celebration of the Centenary of the Mexican Revolution and the Bicentenary of Mexican independence in 2010, the latest installation in the stairwell of Pallant House is a display of art kites or 'papalotes' by Francisco Toledo. Antonio Rodriguez Rivera introduces one of the most important, elusive and revered artists working in Mexico today.

Art Kite by Francisco Toledo and his studio

From the Nahuatl word meaning butterfly, the 'papalote' or kite is an icon of Mexican culture that goes back centuries - typically made from diverse materials such as reeds, dried corn stalks or tree branches, with tails made of plastic or scraps of cloth. A staunch advocate of the cultural heritage of his native state, Oaxaca, Toledo's kites reflect his interests in the history and mythology of Mexico, featuring animals as well as human figures. Toledo has been faithful to his Zapotec roots, an Indian culture distinguished by language, dress and traditions. He grew up with his grandmother, who had a shoe shop in Juchitan, a small, hot and dusty town in the marshes on the Pacific coast, where uniquely women rule the markets and business. Frida Kahlo dressed as a Juchitana and the actress and photographer Tina Medotti immortalised these formidable women in colourful embroidered dresses with golden necklaces, bangles and pigtails with flowers in their hair. Toledo's grandmother told him the traditional legends and tales of coastal Oaxaca in which

witches, sirens, and animals. This region is rich in culture, music, dance, art and crafts. Toledo's work is imbued with these traditions and the belief that every human being also has an animal inside, called 'nahual'. The huge variety of crafts skills in Oaxaca is reflected in his work: he is painter, graphic artist, ceramicist, sculptor and illustrator. Unfortunately in this land bursting with culture, natural beauty and resources, social economic and political injustice is rife. Toledo is also a champion of the dispossessed, and a defender of Oaxaca's immense cultural heritage. He protected Oaxaca City from horrendous commercial exploitation and created public cultural facilities – galleries, libraries, studios and workshops, museums and cultural centres, not only in Oaxaca City but also in the State and in his grandmother's home town, Juchitan In Toledo you find sex but never offence. I admire his work because it combines the magic of the coastal culture with tropical sensuality and eroticism. His art makes you smile and humanises all living creatures. After Rufino Tamayo (18991991) Toledo must be the leading Oaxacan artist. Performance De Pelos: A Happening with Antonio Rodriguez Rivera Weds 8 Sept, 8pm (See page 47) 35


LOCUS Ania Bas

ArtRefuge is a constituted group initiated by Pallant House Gallery with the aim of offering sustainable art projects for asylum seekers and refugees. Ania Bas is artist in residence for a LOCUS, one such project working with refugees in Portsmouth. Ahead of an exhibition in the studio, she introduces the project from her personal perspective. In Portsmouth we work with people who have 'arrived'. We are involved in an art project that brings together refugees, asylum seekers and members of the local community who happen to live here now, who were sent here, and who managed to enter. We are artists who are interested in other people more then in artistic techniques. We are exploring together our personal LOCUS – in this country we all are defining ourselves anew. People who we work with have come a long way: Zimbabwe, Sudan, Algeria, Kurdistan. We do not have as long journeys behind us: Les comes from Yorkshire, I am from Poland. But every Friday I am reminded that I was lucky I could choose to come and that I am able to leave. There is a big hall in Friendship Centre where we meet, and there is always tea and homemade cake. There is always a round table full of games and books and something in the air that makes you welcome. And now there is also art that we create together. Photograph of Aisha Ali by Les Monaghan

A while back we started making paper mobile phones –very accurate copies of the real phones belonging to the people we were working with. A message is attached to each mobile phone – sent into the past or into the future. I had not realized how important mobile phones are for asylum seekers. They are contemporary tools to survive, to stay in touch, to be connected, to call for help, and to prove one's existence. We have a small collection of the phones now and it keeps growing with every new person joining the project. As days are getting warmer and brighter we hope we will be spending more time outside and plan to trace the individual routes within the city. People who we are working with usually walk to get to places however their presence on Portsmouth streets and pavements is invisible. I would like to see if and how we can shape the cityscape together and make asylum seekers presence more permanent in these so temporary circumstances. Artists Ania Bas and Les Monaghan will be in residence at Portsmouth Friendship Centre for a year until September 2010. For more information and updates please go to Studio Exhibition LOCUS 31 August–26 September 2010 37

Sickert Gertler F R OM


Modern British Art from Boxted House at Brighton Museum 17 April to 12 September 2010

Brighton Museum & Art Gallery Royal Pavilion Gardens, Brighton BN1 1EE 03000 290900

Image: Mark Gertler: Natalie Bevan (née Ackenhausen, later Denny), 1928 Oil on canvas. Collection National Portrait Gallery, London NPG 6877 © National Portrait Gallery, London

 Open Tuesday to Sunday 10am-5pm (last admission 4.15pm) Closed Monday (except public holidays 10am-5pm) Admission payable

This exhibition was originated by the National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh

      

    


Bookshop 01243 770813

Leonora Carrington Lithograph A signed and numbered original lithograph by the doyenne of the surrealists, Leonora Carrington. £POA. Please call the shop on 01243 781293 for more details.

^ Surreal Friends exhibition catalogue A new publication to accompany the Surreal Friends exhibition with original essays by leading scholars on Carrington, Varo and Horna. Special exhibition price £19.95. Pre-order your copy today on 01243 781293

Lee Miller Prints Lee Miller's photographs of her surrealist contemporaries reveal the compelling faces of those behind the Surrealist artworks. This season, we're offering you the chance to own your very own Lee Miller print, on display in the restaurant as part of the Surreal summer series of exhibitions at Pallant House Gallery. £POA. Contact the Shop for details on 01243 781293.

Papalotes for sale Your chance to own an original artwork by Mexican artist Francisco Toledo. Prices start from £60. Come into the Gallery and speak to reception to reserve your kite.

Leonora Carrington (Serpentine Gallery) Out of print catalogue published to coincide with the 1991 retrospective exhibition at the Serpentine Gallery, London. Includes essays by Marina Warner, Whitney Chadwick, and Edward James, plus Carrington's short story "The Debutante". £125

Frida Kahlo bottle-top earrings The most influential Mexican painter of the twentieth century, immortalised in these kitsch earrings. £15


Chairman of the Friends' Letter Lady Nicholas Gordon Lennox

Dear Friends We are greatly looking forward to this summer's international exhibitions 'Surreal Friends', and you will see in the pages which follow the exciting programme of events which have been planned relating to it. I look forward to seeing many of you here at the Gallery during the next few months.

and early booking opportunities for Gallery events. Please feel free to call into the Friends' Office any time you are in the Gallery, the door is always open and Gillian Thompson, the Friends' Administrator, is there on week days and would be delighted to talk to you and answer any questions you might have.

To coincide with 'Surreal Friends' a number of exciting events have been arranged for the Friends as well as some events exclusively for Patrons and Gallery Club Members. For example, there will be a breakfast reception with a tour by the Director on Sunday 20 June at 9.30am which will precede the Friends Private View of the 'Surreal Friends' exhibition. Later on, for Patrons, a visit to a Private Collection and a visit to an Artist's Studio will be arranged. Should you be interested in these events, and be considering upgrading your Friends membership to Gallery Club or Patron, please call Elaine Bentley, Head of Development, on 01243 770844 or the Friends Office on 01243 770816 who will answer any questions you may have.

After two years as Honorary Membership Secretary John Leslie has decided to step down. We are extremely grateful to John for his dedication and all his hard work over the past two years and we wish him well. Kathy Lake, who has been helping with Friends Membership administration for several months, has happily agreed to take over from John as our new Honorary Membership Secretary.

This may be an appropriate time to refresh your memory about the benefits of being a Friend of Pallant House Gallery. In addition to receiving this magazine you have unlimited free entry to the Gallery, the permanent collection and all exhibitions. There is an exclusive Private View of each major exhibition 40

Pallant House Gallery Friends

My thanks as always for your continuing support of the Friends of Pallant House Gallery. The number of Friends continues to grow, this is very encouraging for the future.

Lady Nicholas Gordon Lennox



What's On Friends' Events

Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Visits Goodwood House Mon 26 July, 10.30am –12pm A special Friends' guided tour of Goodwood House, its pictures and furnishings including the famous collection of English paintings from the 17th and 18th centuries which include the celebrated views of London by Canaletto, and magnificent horse paintings by Stubbs. Our tour includes morning coffee and pastries. Meet at Good wood House. £15 includes tour and refreshments. Transport is not provided. Please contact the Friends Office if you require assistance. Two Private House Collections of Modern British Art in and around Cowfold Wed 4 August, 10am–5pm A visit to two private house collections with an added bonus of a delicious Field and Fork picnic lunch. Numbers are strictly limited for this trip so do not delay reserving a place. £30 includes picnic lunch. Transport is not provided. Please contact the Friends Office if you require assistance.


Pallant House Gallery Friends

George Stubbs, Racehorses Belonging to the Duke of Richmond Exercising at Goodwood

'Surreal Friends' Tour of West Dean House Thurs 9 Sept, 2.30–4.30pm A special guided tour by Dr SharonMichi Kusunoki, Director of West Dean House, home of Edward James, the Surrealists' patron, and friend of Leonora Carrington. A sumptuous West Dean afternoon tea will be served afterwards. £15 includes tour and tea. Transport is not provided. Please contact the Friends Office if you require assistance.

Sandham Memorial Chapel and Summer Exhibition at Stanley Spencer Gallery, Cookham Wed 15 Sept, 9am-6pm A guided tour of the exhibition at Cookham marking the sixtieth anniversary of the death of artist Hilda Carline, Stanley Spencer's first wife, followed by a short guided walk of sites in the village associated with Spencer. We shall stop en route at Sandham Memorial Chapel at Burghclere to see Spencer's murals depicting his life in the army during the First World War. Bring a picnic or get your own lunch in Cookham. We shall give you a list of venues on the day. £40 includes coach travel, morning coffee, entry to both sites, services of guides and tips. (£35 if National Trust member but remember your card on the day).

What's On Friends' Events

Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Gallery Events Friends Private View Sun 20 June, 11am Your chance to enjoy your own private view of 'Surreal Friends', the keenly anticipated, three complementary exhibitions of works by English painter Leonora Carrington, the Spanish painter Remedios Varo and the Hungarian photographer Kati Horna. Free. De'Longhi coffee and biscuits. Friends Coffee Morning Wed 18 August, 10.30am–12pm Head of Development Elaine Bentley and Events Co-ordinator Helen Martin will be talking informally about fundraising, venue hire, events and sponsorship, and all activities of increasing and vital importance in today's cultural sector. £5 includes De'Longhi coffee and biscuits. 3634 ad v1:3634 ad v1

Remedios Varo, Harmony, 1956, Oil on masonite, Private Collection © Remedios Varo, DACS/VEGAP, (ex: Chichester, Norwich), 2010.

Friends' Tours Curator's Tour Fri 30 July, 11am. A special Friends only tour of 'Surreal Friends' with Stefan van Raay, Director of Pallant House Gallery and curator of the exhibition. £5 (£2.50 Student Friends) includes De' Longhi coffee and biscuits



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Curator's Tour: Surreal Friends Tues 24 August, 2pm. A special Friends only tour of 'Surreal Friends' with journalist Joanna Moorhead, cousin of Leonora Carrington, and co-curator of the exhibition. £5 (£2.50 Student Friends) includes tea and biscuits

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What's On Public Talks

Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Carrington on Film Thurs 5 August, 6pm Stefan van Raay introduces film footage about Leonora Carrington. Free with admission

Remedios Varo, Creation of the Birds (Creacion de las aves), 1957, Oil on masonite © Remedios Varo, DACS/VEGAP, (ex: Chichester, Norwich), 2010.

Talks Surreal Friends in Conversation Tues 22 Jun, 6pm A conversation presented by the co-curators of the exhibition, Stefan van Raay (Director, Pallant House Gallery), Joanna Moorhead (Journalist and relation of Leonora Carrington), and Teresa Arcq (Remedios Varo scholar) offering an insight into the stories of the exhibitions and the personal experiences of the curators in organising this international event. £10 (students £8.25, Friends £6.25) includes a free drink Surrealism in Sussex Thurs 15 July, 6pm Learn about the fascinating role Sussex has played in the story of Surrealism and the links between 44

Sussex, Mexico and the Surreal Friends in this evening lecture with Dr Sharon-Michi Kusonoki, Head of Research and Curator of Edward James' former residence at West Dean. £10 (students £8.25, Friends £6.25) includes admission and a drink Leonora Carrington's Magic Tales Thurs 29 July, 6pm Alongside her paintings Leonora Carrington has also produced an extensive body of writing such as 'The Debutante', 'Little Francis', 'The Hearing Trumpet' and 'The Invention of Mole'. Her stories are imaginative, surreal, and often funny. The distinguished writer, critic and historian Professor Marina Warner introduces Carrington as a writer. £10 (students £8.25, Friends £6.25) includes a free drink

Mexico Profundo: A Magical Journey through Mexico Thurs 12 August, 6pm Join the Director of the Mexican Tourist Board Manual Diaz-Cebrian, artist Alejandro Pintado, and artist and anthropologist Antonio Rodriguez-Rivera, in conversation with Alexandra Haas Paciuc, in this multi-faceted magical journey through the Mexico of Surreal Friends through subjects such as art, politics, anthropology, literature, spectacular landscapes and historic cities. Free, followed by a glass of mezcal Women and Surrealism Thurs 2 Sept, 6pm Professor Dawn Ades (Essex University) speaks about the role women have played in the history of Surrealism. A Fellow of the British Academy and a trustee of Tate, Ades was awarded an OBE in 2002 for her services to art history. She has published works on photomontage, Dadaism, Surrealism, women artists and Mexican muralists. £10 (students £8.25, Friends £6.25) includes admission and a drink.

What's On Public Talks and Performances

Artwork of the Month Talks An opportunity to hear a Gallery Guide focus on one work from the Collection, exploring techniques and placing it in the context of the artist's life and times. Last Wednesday of the month. Free with Gallery admission. Please meet at reception. No booking required. L'Engrenage Rouge, 1939, by Fernand Léger Weds 30 June 2010, 12pm Portrait of Sir Henry Gough, Baron Calthorpe, 1779 & Portrait of Lady Gough, 1883 by George Romney, Weds 28 July, 12pm Self Portrait, 1938 by Eileen Agar Weds 25 August, 12pm Two Figures, 1975 by Francis Bacon Weds 29 September, 12pm Pilsdon Hill, Dorset, 1977 by Brett Whiteley, Weds 27 October, 12pm

Brett Whitely, Pilsdon Hill, Dorset, 1977, Ink drawing on paper, Hussey Bequest, Chichester District Council (1985), Adopted for conservation by an Anonymous Donor, Estate of Brett Whiteley

Performance North East West South (NEWS) Saturday 26 June 2010, 9pm Chichester Festivities presents NEWS (North East West South) when the streets of Chichester come alive and four processions converge on the City from each of its quarters. Free. Call the Chichester Festivities office for more details on (01243) 528356 Mexican Music for Marimba Sat 3 July, 1pm A lunchtime concert of Mexican Music for Marimba performed by Alonso Mendoza Moreno. Free with admission. Donations welcome

The Angel and the Fiend Thurs 8 July, 6pm "I was terribly, terribly pretty. I looked like an angel, but I was a fiend inside". This is how Lee Miller described herself in an interview she gave towards the end of her life. The Angel and the Fiend is a dramatic reading on the life of the fashion model, photographer and Surrealist muse, written and introduced by her son, Antony Penrose. Tickets £12 (students £8.25, Friends £6.25) includes admission and a drink 1810: Schumann in Love Sat 17 July, 11am and repeated at 2pm To celebrate the bi-centenary of composer Robert Schumann, a performance of a newlycommissioned translation of Dichterliebe in English by Amanda Holden organised in partnership with The Southern Cathedrals Choirs Festival 2010 £15 includes admission to the Gallery.Book online at (£2.50 booking fee) or call 01243 813595 45

What's On Performances

Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Modern British Arias: Songs from the Collection Sat 24 July, 7pm A special fundraising evening of live operatic music inspired by the Gallery's collection. British tenor Darren Abrahams and concert pianist Lindy TennentBrown re-interpret familiar works through songs from Bach to Cole Porter. The two acts will be preceded and interspersed with drinks and canapés inspired by the performance and created especially for the event by Chef Sam Mahoney, making this an evening to remember. Tickets £40. A fundraising event for the Friends of Pallant House Gallery. De Pelos or The House of Fear: A Happening Weds 8 Sept, 8pm Timed to celebrate the bi-centenary of Mexico's Independence on 15 September 2010, De Pelos is a performance of light and sound which will take you on a journey of mischievous tales. Inspired by the most celebrated twentieth-century Mexican writer Juan Rulfo, one of the pioneers of magic realism. Created by Antonio Rodriguez Rivera with Alonzo Mondoza Moreno. Free public event for all the family


Kati Horna, Self portrait, photograph, Mexico, 1940. © Kati Horna all rights reserved 2010

Pallant Proms Sat 25 Sept /30 Oct / 27 Nov 2010, 12 noon The first of the new season of concerts by young up-and-coming pianists organised in collaboration with Chichester University and the Royal College of Music and scheduled on the last Saturday of the month. Full details will be available in the autumn. £5 (Students £2.50; Friends free but a donation at the door when you leave will be most gratefully received). Gallery admission included.

Short Course Women Surrealists: An Art Lunch Thurs 1 July, 1pm Learn about the lives and artworks of some of the women artists who were involved in the Surrealist movement, and experience some surreal tastes with lunch dishes inspired by Leonora Carrington and the Surreal Friends. After lunch we will tour the Surreal Friends and Surrealism in Sussex exhibitions in the Gallery. We will also have a discussion on women Surrealists, their work, ideas and achievements. Please contact the Friends Office for more details.


What's On Public Tours

Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Collectors and Collecting 3 June / 5 August The Gallery's permanent collection stems from a handful of individual's private collections. Learn who the collectors were, what and why they collected, and how the works came to reside at Pallant House Gallery. Portraits: Image and Identity 10 June / 12 August Who are the people whose portraits hang on the walls of the Gallery? Why where they painted? From nudes to the buttoned-up 18th century aristocrats, explore the people behind the paintings. Leonora Carrington, Green Tea (or La Dame Ovale), 1942, oil on canvas, 61 x 76 cm, Private Collection © ARS, NY and DACS, London

£55 (Friends £48) Exhibition Tours Curator's Tour: Surreal Friends Wednesday 7 July, 2pm Join Joanna Moorhead, co-curator of Surreal Friends and relative of Leonora Carrington for a unique insight into the artworks on display and the stories behind the exhibition. £8 (students £4.50) Curator's Tour: Surreal Friends Wednesday 1 September, 11am A chance to find out more about the major 'Surreal Friend' exhibitions in a tour led by Stefan van Raay, Director of Pallant House Gallery and Curator of Surreal Friends . £8 (students £4.50)


Collection Highlights Tours The perfect introduction to the Pallant House Gallery collections: a free tour led by knowledgeable Gallery Guides.Every Saturday at 2pm. Please meet at reception. Free with Gallery admission. No booking required.

Thursday Evening Tours Thursday Evening Themed Tours Discover a new perspective on familiar works with a themed guided tour every Thursday at 6pm. Please meet at reception. Free with Gallery admission. No booking required.

Creative Liaisons 17 June / 19 August True stories of love, friendship, affairs and liaisons can all be found in the personal stories of the artists in the Collection. Find out how these relationships inspired. Landscapes and Modernity 24 June / 26 August From the romantic to the abstract, the idea of landscape has changed over time. Discover how different artists have responded to this time honoured theme. Still Life: The Language of Objects 1 July / 2 September Fruit, vases and mirrors: the humble still life always reveals more than first appearances. Explore how still life has been used a vehicle for artistic innovation from traditional symbolism to Cubism and Pop Art.

What's On Public Tours and Adult Workshops

Sunday Art Classes A programme of workshops based on the collections and led by artists experienced in traditional art techniques. Please bring your own art materials, as specified. Book early.

Victor Willing, Self-Portrait at 70, 1987, Oil on canvas, Wilson Loan (2004), © Estate of the Artist

The Architecture of Pallant House Gallery: Historic and Modern New Tour 8 July / 9 September Pallant House Gallery is a unique combination of an eighteenthcentury townhouse and a twentyfirst-century purpose built Gallery. Explore the differences and similarities between the two buildings, their architects and the different histories of the buildings in this brand new tour. Gender and Identity: Artists, Models and Muses New Tour 15 July / 16 September How have gender and identity shaped the artists, models and muses connected with the collection? This new tour examines the ways in which artists have broken out of the restrictions imposed on them by society to express their own creativity.

The Eighteenth Century House: Fine Arts and Furnishings 22 July / 23 September Learn about the history of Pallant House: one of the best examples of a Queen Anne townhouse in the country, and explore highlights from the historic collection including artworks by Hogarth, Romney, the Smith Brothers and the Bow Porcelain Factory. Pop Art and the Swinging Sixties 29 July / 30 September A chance to find out more about the revolution in society in the 1960s heralded by British Pop Art, including iconic works by Peter Blake, Patrick Caulfield, Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi.

Life Drawing Sun 15 August, 1-4pm Artist: Jenny Tyson. This workshop will use William Coldstream's 'Seated Nude, 1973-74' as a starting point to pursue an investigation into the placement of the figure, its relationship with the surrounding space and how this affects the sensations of the finished piece. Materials: Bring a selection of your preferred dry materials plus good quality cartridge paper. £12.50 (£9 per person plus a £3.50 model charge) Life Drawing Sun 12 September, 1-4pm Artist: Nikki Rose. Referring to Peter de Francia's painting 'Two Nudes' we will look at how the use of line and tone can create voluptuous forms. You will be encouraged to combine the process of charcoal drawing with the use of diluted paint. The end result will be a rich, three dimensional work. Materials: a range of coloured acrylic paints, charcoal (large sticks if possible), brushes (small to house-hold size), A1 cartridge paper. £12.50 (£9 per person plus a £3.50 model charge) 49

What's On Adult Workshops Printmaking Sun 26 September, 1-4pm Artist: Susan Ryland. In this workshop we will combine drypoint, stencils and mono-printing to explore the expressive use of mark-making in the study of natural forms, inspired by the sheep etchings of Henry Moore and the bee and beetle lithographs of Graham Sutherland. Materials: All materials will be provided. £9 per person Portraiture Sun 3 October, 1-4pm Artist: Sue Halloway. This workshop will be split between two different approaches to portraiture. Focussing mainly on Michael Andrews' painting 'The Colony Room' we will firstly look at the portrayal of character through the use of a variety of media. The second part will focus on Francis Bacon's painting style and you will use his layered paint technique to create a small portrait. Materials: Bring materials of your choice including pencils, oil pastels and paints (gouache, watercolour, acrylics or oil) plus good quality paper or a primed board/canvas. £9 per person


Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Artwork of the Month Workshops For adults and students Please book early as places are limited. Participants need to bring their own art materials, as specified. £6 per person (plus a £3.50 model charge where applicable.) 'L'Engrenage Rouge' by Fernand Léger Weds 30 June, 1–3pm Artist: Louise Bristow Working directly from a still-life set-up based on Leger's painting, we will be experimenting with the versatile and bold technique of monoprinting. Further colour and/or detail will be added by overworking the prints (once they are dry) using watercolour, acrylic paints and pastels. Materials: Bring pencils, pastels, water-based paints and good quality, white A3 cartridge paper. All monoprinting materials will be provided. Portrait of Sir Henry Gough, Baron Calthorpe, 1779 and Portrait of Lady Gough, 1883 by George Romney: Wed 28 July, 1–3pm Artist: Irina Brzseki. Discover more about tonal value in painting. We will use under-painting as the basis

for colour work and you will learn how to control the range of light and dark values in your painting. Please note a £3.50 model charge is applicable. Materials: Bring your preferred painting materials plus good quality paper or a primed board/ canvas. £9.50 (£6 per person plus a £3.50 model charge) Eileen Agar: Self-Portrait, 1938 Wed 25 August, 1–3pm Artist: Jane Chitty. Create your own self-portrait using a multilayered, multi-coloured Surrealist approach. Using stencils you will be able to layer over the initial work of pattern and colour incorporating your own profile into the image. Materials: Bring a photograph of yourself in profile, some oil pastels in a range of colours, and an A3 sheet of white mount board or strong cartridge paper. £6 per person Two Figures, 1975 by Frances Bacon Wed 29 September, 1 - 3pm Artist: Sue Halloway. Francis Bacon is known for using found imagery as a starting point for his figurative paintings. This workshop will combine found images with Bacon's technique in order to create a painting with visual links to Bacon's 'Two Figures'. Materials: Bring a range of acrylic paints and an appropriate primed support (board or canvas. Images will be supplied. £6 per person

What's On Children and Family Workshops

Family Workshops Canciones de Mexico: Songs of Mexico Sat 3 July, 10am-12pm Maria Huesca and Paul Barker lead this family-friendly, musicfuelled morning singing workshop. Afterwards, join us for a live performance of Mexican Sones - Mexican Music for Marimba, performed by Alonso Mendoza Moreno. £6 per participant. All ages welcome Make your own Papalote kite Sat 7 Aug, 10am-12pm (and repeated 2-4pm) Learn to make your own kite inspired by the Papalotes installation in the Eighteenth Century stairwell with John Varrah of SameSky, and Antonio Rodriguez Rivera. From the Mexican indigenous word meaning butterfly, the 'papalote' or kite is an icon of Mexican culture that goes back centuries - typically made from diverse materials such as reeds, dried corn stalks or tree branches, with tails made of plastic or scraps of cloth. In this two-hour workshop you will have a chance to learn traditional methods using natural materials such as willow, papier mâché and Aztec beeswax glue to make your own authentic papalote. £6 per participant or £9 per family (One guardian and one child, Ages 8+)

Matthew Smith, Landscape, near Cagnes, c.1935, Oil on canvas, Hussey Bequest, Chichester District Council (1985)

Children's Saturday Workshops Please book early as places are limited

£6 per child Fantastic Minds 11 September, 10.15am – 12.15pm Artist: Tim Gwyther. Take inspiration from the Surreal Friends exhibition and imagine a magical and mysterious place. You will make a design for your work by cutting and pasting collage material and then combine this with painting and drawing to create a scene full of mythical beasts, fantastic characters and strange things that happen only in dreams. (Ages 11-14)

Felting the Landscape 25 September, 10.15am – 12.15pm Artist: Deborah Harwood. Learn to hand-make wool felt and use it to create a landscape inspired by the paintings of Ivon Hitchins. (Ages 5-10) Through the Trees 2 October, 10.15am – 12.15 Artist: Jenny King. Come and make a stunning 3-dimensional collage of a woodland walk based on one of the British landscape paintings in our collections. (Ages 5-10)


What's On Children and Community Workshops Wild Places Wed 18 August, 10.15–12.15 Artist: Janet Sang. Explore your imagination and create a wild place to hide in. Paint your footprints and follow the story of a tiger in search of his smile! A workshop using clay, paint, and imagination. Bring aprons and a towel for drying your feet.

Children's (Ages 5–16) FREE Holiday Workshops Booking essential as places are limited

Free Dreamy Spaces Tues 3 August, 10.15am– 12.15pm (and repeated 1.15–3.15pm) Artist: Dinah Kelly. Design and make an exciting, 2-dimensional, surreal space inspired by the architecture of Pallant House Gallery. Use stencils to create decorative doors and windows that look out onto imaginary views, and add colour and pattern to make the image multi-layered. (Ages 8+) Puppets from Paintings Tues 17 August, 10.15am– 12.15pm (and repeated 1.15–3.15pm) Artist: Susan Ryland. Create extraordinary animated shadow puppets of people, animals and objects you have seen in the Gallery's paintings. (Ages 5–16)


Community Programme Merlyn Evans, The Lock, 1942, Oil on canvas On loan from a Private Collection

Under 5's Workhops Structured sessions for you to join in with your child's imaginative play and share their experiments with materials. Please book early as places are limited. Each child must be accompanied by a parent/guardian. £10 per child, half price with a PHG Community Card.

Inside a rock pool Wed 4 August, 10.15–12.15 Artist: Janet Sang. Create your own surreal rock pool in a dish! Imagine yourself swimming around in it! And follow the story of a hermit crab in need of a home. A workshop using paint, projected light and shadows to conjure up an underwater world. Bring aprons and a hand towel.

To find out more about the Community Programme please contact the Head of Learning. Hans Feibusch Club Thurs, 2.30–4.30pm Free art workshops for Partners in Art and other community groups and individuals that require extra support. Please book early.

What's On Films and Screenings Viva Mexico and Surrealist Cinema Season A series of themed films and illustrated talks organised in partnership with Chichester Cinema at New Park and screened across both venues. Further films will be shown as part of the 19th Chichester International Film festival from 19 Aug–5 Sept. Mutual admission benefits apply for Friends of Pallant House Gallery and the Friends of Chichester Cinema at New Park (excludes film festival programme).

Viva Zapata! (1952, 113 mins) Sun 18 July, 1pm The story of Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata, who led a rebellion against the corrupt, oppressive dictatorship of president Porfirio Diaz in the early 20th century. Oscar, BAFTA and Cannes Film Festival award-winning film starring Marlon Brando, Anthony Quinn and others, and directed by Elia Kazan. Screened to coincide with the Centenary of the Mexican Revolution (1910-2010). Chichester Cinema at New Park Tickets available from New Park Cinema on (01243) 786650.

Edward James: Builder of Dreams (1995, 58 mins) Thursday 22 July, 6pm A documentary about the artistic legacy of the great Surrealist patron and collector Edward James who collected works by Dali, Magritte, Man Ray and all three of the 'Surreal Friends'. James converted his hunting lodge at West Dean, near Chichester in West Sussex into a Surrealist dream. He also built, along with his Mexican friend, Plutarco Gastelum, a surrealist garden, Las Pozas in Xitila, San Luis, Potosi, Mexico. Lecture Room, Pallant House Gallery. Free with admission. Please book in advance call Pallant House Gallery on (01243) 774557.

Macario (Mexico 1960, 91 mins) Sun 11 July, 1pm The first Mexican film to be nominated for an Academy Award, Macario is a haunting cautionary tale based on a story by B. Traven (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre). An allegory of the fraught relationship between Spain and Mexico, this screening coincides with the Bicentenary of Mexican independence from Spain (1810-2010). The screening will be introduced by Stefan van Raay. Mexican food will be served from 12pm.Chichester Cinema at New Park Tickets available from New Park Cinema on 01243 786650


What's On Films and Screenings

Little Ashes (Spain 2008, 112 mins) Sun 1 August, 1pm A depiction of the young lives and loves of artist Salvador Dalí, filmmaker Luis Buñuel and writer Federico García Lorca who formed a very close friendship in the early 1920s. Between them Leonora Carrington and Remedios Varo knew all three artists. Carrington now describes Dali as 'very intelligent and funny' but his wife Gala as 'horrendous'. Bunuel directed several dramatisations of Carrington's short stories and she remembers him as 'very macho and nice'. Chichester Cinema at New Park. Tickets available from New Park Cinema on (01243) 786650.

Pan's Labyrinth (Spain 2006, 119 mins) Sun 8 Aug, 1pm Mexican Director Guillermo del Toro self-confessedly refers to the visual world of Leonora Carrington and Remedios Varo in this outstanding, multi award-wining film. Combining fantasy and realism Pan's Labyrinth is set against the backdrop of Franco's Spain during the Civil War - the historical event which was to play a key part in the lives of Kati and Jose Horna, Remedios Varo and Benjamin Peret. Chichester Cinema at New Park. Tickets available from New Park Cinema on (01243) 786650.

Look out for more screenings in the 19th Chichester International Film Festival programme at New Park Cinema.


Tickets 01243 774557 (Booking Required)

Pedro Paramo (Mexico1967, 110 mins) Sun 15 Aug, 1pm Carlos Veo's film is based on the best-selling novel written by Juan Rulfo, originally published in 1955, and a major influence in the development of magical realism. Gabriel García Márquez said he hadn't felt like that since reading 'The Metamorphosis' while Jorge Luis Borges called it one of the best novels in literature. Chichester Cinema at New Park. Tickets available from New Park Cinema on (01243) 786650. The Spanish Civil War Thurs 26 Aug, 6pm Using original newsreel footage, this documentary film follows all the major battles and incidents throughout the three years of civil war in Spain, including the surrender in March, 1939. Remedios Varo and Benjamin Peret and Jose and Kati Horna were each actively involved in the Spanish Civil War. Lecture Room, Pallant House Gallery. Free with admission. Please book in advance call Pallant House Gallery on (01243) 774557.

What's On Booking Form Please print and check all details carefully. Incomplete forms and incorrect details will delay the processing procedure. Event

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42ND STREET Music by Harry

Warren Dubin Book by Michael Stewart & Mark Bramble Lyrics by Al


FESTIVAL THEATRE 9 July - 27 August Rupert Everett Stephanie Cole Susie Blake Phil Davis & Honeysuckle Weeks in



FESTIVAL THEATRE 24 September - 16 October

A MONTH IN THE COUNTRY By Ivan Turgenev Adapted by Brian

Tickets from £10 - £37 01243 781312


John Tunnard, Maurice Broomfield, Jeremy Gardiner and Toby Paterson Previews

Members of the Tunnard Family

Veronica Gardiner and Sue Gollifer

Jeremy Gardiner, Artist

Victoria Rey de Rudder and Christopher Carter

Barnaby Broomfield, Harry Hardie and Emily Graham

58 Toby Paterson, artist with his partner Rhona and son Kit

Maurice Broomfield, Photographer

Photographs by Jason Hedges


We are immensely grateful to the following Patrons of Pallant House Gallery for their generous support: Mr and Mrs John Addison Smith Keith Allison Lady Susan Anstruther John and Annoushka Ayton David and Elizabeth Benson Henry Bourne & Harriet Anstruther Vanessa Branson Frank and Lorna Dunphy Lewis Golden Paul and Kay Goswell Mr and Mrs Scott Greenhalgh Mr and Mrs Alan Hill James and Clare Kirkman Robin Muir and Paul Lyon-Maris Angie O'Rourke Catherine and Franck Petitgas Charles Rolls Sophie and David Shalit Tania Slowe John and Fiona Smythe Tim and Judith Wise and the many other Patrons who wish to remain anonymous. If you are interested in becoming a Patron of Pallant House Gallery, please contact Elaine Bentley on 01243 770844 or 59

Artwork of the Month: 'Self-portrait' by Eileen Agar, 1938 Anne Hewat

As a little girl Eileen Agar travelled from Argentina, her birth-place, to Britain accompanied by a cow and an orchestra, because her rich and fashionable mother believed that fresh milk and good music were essential to her good health. It was an appropriately surreal start. Agar returned permanently to London with her family at the age of 11 where she was sent to boarding school followed by finishing school in Paris. For as long as she could remember she wanted to be an artist and from the age of nine or ten she was continually drawing. In 1921 Agar attended the Byam School of Art before entering the Slade School of Art later that same year. After three years there she married Robin Bartlett but the marriage broke up when, early in 1926 she met Joseph Bard, the Hungarian writer and literary editor who, as she describes, 'was to stay beside me for nearly fifty years'. They eventually married in 1940. In 1935 Agar was introduced to Paul Nash and the two started to influence each other's work, becoming particularly close. Early in 1936, Roland Penrose and Herbert Read (probably on Nash's recommendation) visited her studios and chose three oil paintings and five objects to be shown at the International Surrealist exhibition alongside works by Henry Moore and Edward Burra among others. Eileen was surprised, as she felt she had been equally influenced by both cubism and abstraction. She was the only woman exhibitor. 60

Eileen agar, Self-Portrait, 57 x 36.5cm. Oil and mixed media on card. (1938) Private Collection Š Estate of Eileen Agar

In 1938 Agar and Bard accompanied Roland Penrose and Lee Miller, Paul Eluard (Eileen also fell in love with him), his wife Nusch and Paul Nash to Cornwall and then to Mougins where Picasso and Man Ray were staying. Picasso and Agar became good friends and his influences are evident in the 1938 Portrait. In her autobiography she said 'one must have a hunger for new colour, new shapes and new possibilities of discovery'. Of herself she wrote 'Surrealism opened up new possibilities in subject matter for me. It is a constructive movement bent on freeing the human mind from overdoses of common sense and opening up hilarious avenues of free thought.' This painting was bought at the centenary exhibition of her work in 2000. Talk Artwork of the Month: Self Portrait by Eileen Agar Weds 25 August, 12pm

The Southern Ceramic Group Summer Exhibition 24th July – 8th August 2010 Preview – 23rd July 2010 – 6.30pm-8pm Open daily from 10am – 5pm – Free Admission At the Bishop’s Kitchen, Chichester Cathedral, Chichester PO19 1PX Tel: 01403 258 201 – email:

ep/10 from £8 S 2 1 – 10 Jun Tickets online

Salvador Dalí, Sleep, c. 1937. Private collection ©62 Salvador Dalí, Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí, DACS, 2010

Pallant House Gallery Magazine 21  

Accompanied the exhibitions 'Surreal Friends: Leonora Carrington, Remedios Varo and Kati Horna', 'Surrealism in Sussex' and 'Francisco Toled...

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