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PAFUN PALWATWICHAI LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE Nationality : Thai Tel. +447709572344 ploypafun@gmail.com https://issuu.com/pafunpalwatwichai 27 Adelina Grove, E1 3BX, London UK

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

EDUCATION

2011 SHMA Co.,Ltd, Bangkok Thailand Summer Internship Landscape Architect Project: King Rama IX Museum & Learning Centre (Presentation Part)

2008-2013 Bachelor of Landscape Architecture Department of Landscape Architecture Faculty of Architecture Chulalongkorn University

2012 Sanitas Studio Summer Internship Landscape Architect Project: Khao Mo (Research Part) 2013-2016 Integrated Field Co.,Ltd, Senoir Landscape Architect Project: Sukhothai House (Schemetic Design,Preliminary Design, Design Development and Presentation) Project: [ ] House (Schemetic Design, Preliminary Design and Presentation) Project: Bann Silom House (Schemetic Design, Preliminary Design, Design Development, Presentation, Planting Design, Construction Drawing and Co-ordinator) Project: Bann Mae Klong (Schemetic Design and Presentation) Project: Coro Field (Research Part, Site Survey, Planting Design, Construction Drawing and Co-ordinator) Project: It’s Sara Cafe’ (Schemetic Design, Preliminary Design, Design Development, Presentation, Planting Design, Construction Drawing and Co-ordinator) Project: Beach Club (Schemetic Design, Preliminary Design, Design Development, Presentation, Planting Design, Construction Drawing and Co-ordinator) Project: Damnoen Kaset (Research Part, Site Survey, Schemetic Design,Preliminary Design, Design Development ,Presentation) Project: Chiang Khan Argriculture Park (Research Part, Site Survey, Schemetic Design,Preliminary Design, Design Development, Presentation, Planting Design, Construction Drawing) 2014-Present Freelance Landscape Architect Project: Akarakeree Resort and Baan Din Landscape Planning Design (Chiang Mai, Thailand) Project: HIFE Residential and Communal Landscape Design Co-worked with Tidtang Studio, Bangkok Project: Baan Adulyanukosol Residential Landscape Design Project: Baan ThePAL Residential Landscape Design

2017-2018 MSc Landscape Urbanism AALU Landscape Urbanism Architectural Association School of Architecture WORKSHOPS AND ACTIVITIES 2010 Chulalongkorn University Chulalongkorn University Centennial Park 2011 Baan lae suan Competition Mai Ruem Raen Garden 2011 Park nai lert Hotel Competition The Termite Hill 2012 Chulalongkorn University Urbanism Class Exhibited Workshop on Kadeejeen Art for Community 2012 SHMA Company King Rama IX Museum & Learning Centre (Presentation Part) 2016 IF X CLOUD-FLOOR TCDC Khon Kaen Design competition 2016 IF Landscape TALA Night Award Honor award in Commercial project - CORO FIELD - IT’S SARA CAFÉ SKILLS 3D Modeling & Drafting Autodesk Autocad 2015, SketchUp 2014 , Rhinoceros 3D Rendering & Digital Image V-ray, Atlantis, Lumion 6.0, Adobe Illustrator CC , Adobe Photoshop CS6, Adobe Indesign CC , Adobe Lightroom GIS ArcGIS, QGIS Simulation Caesar-lisflood, CEM Coastal Simulation Scripting Processing, Grasshopper, Python


The History of Humber Estuary

The History of Humber 53.5675° N, 0.0808° W

The Weekend in Cleethorpe // Photo by T.Zhao


The Development of Humber Estuary’s Ports

Grimsby Fish Dock 1906

1903

The Albert Dock

The Alexandra Dock 1930 The history of The Humber Estuary is the second-largest coastal plain estuary in the UK, and the largest coastal plain estuary on the east coast of Britain. Coastal plain estuaries are formed when pre-existing valleys were flooded at the end of the last glaciation. The Humber estuary drains a catchment area of some 24,472 sq.km, around 20% of the total land surface of England. Water collected from this catchment flows to the estuary through many rivers and tributaries, the largest of these are the Aire, Derwent, Don, Ouse, Trent and Wharf.

Grimsby Fish Dock 1930


The introduction Land Swaps Project “Grimsby is one of coastal community in the UK, the city used to be a village, grew into a port because it stands on a river called the Haven, which flowed into the Humber. There were rich fishing grounds in the North Sea and The Humber was full of fish. Grimsby was bound to become a fishing port and developed into a busy little port in 19th century.” In the past, the ports along the Humber Estuary used to be the busiest ports in the UK, the development in terms of the infrastructure of the ports itself was extending rapidly, provoking a geomorphological transformation of the intertidal landscapes through dredging. In the mid-19th century when the Cod Wars happened, the UK lost access to rich fishing areas in the North Atlantic. The fishing industry declined dramatically and changed into the fishing processing and thus, transforming fishing into export and import ship logistics. Meanwhile, if the Brexit happens, the tax for imported and exported fish will also increase as well. The local authorities such as Humber Local Enterprise Partnership released the Humber Enterprise Zones, in order to improve the economy from fishing industry into the energy industry, to develop off-shore wind farms. This plan will create the jobs for residents and the fishermen. Following the Enterprise Zones, the Humber Nature Partnership released ‘Investing in Natural Capital’ plan, for recreation and natural disaster protection but also to support the Enterprise Zones, to ensure that the deep water channel is maintained,

collecting the sediment from the dredging area along the Humber Estuary. To analyze the dredging consequences, we ran 3 simulations to see the difference on Humber Estuary between dredging, without dredging and with Managed Realignment according to Humber Enterprise Zones and Natural Capital Plan. The result clearly shows more tidal flood on the simulation with dredging areas. On the other hand, it shows less tidal flood when we added the Managed Realignment areas. We took the advantages from the development plan, selected the site locations (from three criteria 1.Intertidal area 2. floodable area 3. Managed Realignment area both existing and Natural Capital zones),to shift the sediment from the Enterprise Zones, creating the new landscape for sustainable aquaculture, which is 70% of the area, to support the fishermen and economic growth, and 30% to create space for common land, to limit the Enterprise Zones or the profitable lands, for instance, increasing the areas for wetland to provide the habitat species or public green space for the community.

Grimsby Fish Dock 1915

More Information about the Essay&Project please visit https://ploypafun.files.wordpress.com/2018/10/essay.pdf


900,000

Fish landing in tons

800,000 700,000 600,000

Collapse of Atlantic cod stocks (East Coast of Newfoundland), 1992

500,000 400,000 300,000

1992

200,000 100,000

1850

1860

1870

1880

1890

1900

1910

1920

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

(a.) Fishing vessel routes (blue lines) (b.) Dredging& Under water operation vessel routes (red lines)

Social Aspects on the Humber Estuary’s Economy Cod Wars & Brexit In the mid-19th century when the Cod Wars (The Cod Wars were a series of confrontations between the United Kingdom and Iceland on fishing rights in the North Atlantic. As a result, British fishing communities lost access to rich areas and were devastated, with thousands of jobs lost. Since 1982, a 200-nautical-mile (370-kilometre) exclusive economic zone has been the United Nations standard.) happened, the UK lost access to rich fishing areas in the North Atlantic. The fishing industry declined dramatically and changed into the fishing processing and thus, transforming fishing into export and import ship logistics. Meanwhile, if the Brexit (The EU has also made any future post-Brexit trade deal conditional on maintaining access for its fisherman) happens, the tax for imported and exported fish will also increase as well. Due to the situation after the Cod Wars, the number of fishing vessels declines dramatically. To maintain the economic growth, Grimsby Associated British Ports released the Humber Enterprise Zones, supporting the local economy of Grimsby(page 42-43). The plan supports the space for offshore wind Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), available adjacent to the deepwater port, the center for the offshore wind industry is in Grimsby. The maps show the volume of the dredging vessel routes and the underwater operation vessel routes(red lines) more than the volume of fishing dredging vessels(blue lines) in 2009. Dredging& Underwater Operation Vessel Routes Map & Fishing Vessel Routes


“How has the Humber Estuary changed over the centuries?�

The Humber Estuary is a major shipping route, with large ports such as Grimsby and Immingham sitting on the river banks, it used to be the busiest and the largest ports in the UK, there are several jetties, docks and lock gates illustrating the importance of trade within this area. From 18th Century until now, the development along the Estuary, in term of the infrastructure and construction of the ports itself was extending rapidly, provoking a geomorphological transformation of the intertidal landscapes through dredging activities. According to the dredging activities that creates the geomorphological transformation of the Humber Estuary, it caused the Natural Disasters such as Flooding, Erosion, and Coastal Squeeze.

1828

1900

2007

Flooding Risk Map


Local Development Plans The Criticize of development plans Enterprise Zones& Investing in Natural Capital “Following the Humber Enterprise Zones, the Humber Nature Partnership released ‘Investing in Natural Capital’ plan, for recreation and natural disaster protection also to support the Enterprise Zones, to ensure that the deep water channel is maintained, collecting the sediment from the dredging area along the Humber Estuary.” (The dredging vessels shift the sediment along the Estuary, provide the deep water chanel for the off-shore windfarm, according to the Humber Enterprise Zones, to the potential managed realignment areas, which provided by the Investing in the Natural Capital). (l.)

(k.)

After the final cod war with Iceland in 1976, Britain gradually lost access to these waters and saw a collapse in domestic fishing, even though consumer preference remained for white demersal fish like cod, hake and haddock rather than species more common to inshore waters. To maintain the economic growth, Grimsby Associated British Ports released the Humber Enterprise Zones, supporting the (h.) local economy of Grimsby, providing space for offshore wind Original Equipment Manufacturers, home to a world class offshore wind hub and the UK’s busiest port by tonnage. Sustainable Aquaculture Site Selection 02

(d.) (h.)

(l.)

(b.)

(j.)

Site Selection 01

(h.) (l.)

(j.)

(g.)

Shifting dock (small vessel)

(m.) (k.)

(l.)

(n.) (k.)

(m.)

(b.)

(g.)

(l.)

Humber Enterprise Zones

(h.)

Managed Realignment Floodable Area

(j.)

(j.)

Intertidal Zones

(n.)

(k.)

(k.)

(a.)

(k.)

(h.)

(e.) (k.)

(k.) (k.)

Dredging Sediment Shifting Distance

(c.)

(b.)

(n.) (m.)

(k.)

(f.)

Shifting dock

Site Selection 03

(j.)

(small vessel)

(h.)

Site Selection 04

Investing In Natural Capital

The Humber ports, together some of the most important trading infrastructure in the UK were not located here by luck. They are taking advantage of the unique topographical environment of the estuary. The estuary’s shape offers calm waters and safe haven. Spurn peninsula protects the estuary from the worst of the North Sea storms. It ensures the deep water channel, so vital to the ports, is maintained only by moderate dredging. We shouldn’t take these assets for granted.” Chief executive David Talbot and Darren Clarke, Humber Nature Partnership manager. detail/story)

(n.)

(a.)

Shifting dock (small vessel)

(j.)

The Sediment Movement (a.) Intertidal zones (b.) Shipping routes boundaries (c.) Grimsby port (d.) Hull port (e.) Humber Estuary (f.) North East Lincolnshire (g.) Immingham port (h.) Flooding Risk 2017 (i.) Potential Managed Realignment(Natural Capital plan) (j.) Existing Managed Realignment (k.) Dredging areas (l.) Humber Enterprise Zones (m.) Sediment shifting (n.) Sediment movement

(b.)


Potential of Site location B

New Hope for Grimsby - Potential Areas for Sustainable Aquaculture This map shows that the potential areas for shellfish farm in Grimsby. These offshore aquaculture based on three main physical conditions: 1- seabed type, 2 - current speed, and 3 - water depth. Which the most suitable locations are the areas of Intertidal Zone, and the Managed Realignment Area. The quantities and the prices which are transported from the UK to foreign counties will decrease eventually. Also, the potential areas for aquaculture in Grimsby could reduce the number of imported fish in Grimsby, which is more than 70% nowadays.

A

A. Intertidal Zones (Mud Land) Increases the Creeks B. Managed Realignment Creates Lagoons

Oysters-Ireland 2 tonnes 8,000 Cockles-Ireland 41 tonnes 55,000

Scallops-Ireland 426 tonnes 622,000 France 5 tonnes 5,000 Netherlands 10 tonnes 23,000

The locations along the Humber Estuary that have potential to be sustainable aquaculture, in terms of physical conditions are 1. Intertidal Zone, the Intertidal Zone is the area that is above water at low tide and underwater at high tide. This area can include many different types of habitats, with many types of animals. 2. Managed Realignment(Floodable Area), is a coastal management policy that allows the shoreline to move more naturally, however this movement is managed, usually by the construction of defences landward of a breached defence. 3. Dredging Sediment(Shifting Distance), the closest distance from the dredging areas in the Humber Estuary, provided by the Humber Enterprise Zones, into the potential managed realignment areas on the lands, provided by the investing in Natural Capital. Reducing the costs of transportation while shifting the sediment.

National Aquaculture Centre

11


COMMON LAND STRATEGY Sustainable Aquaculture Common Land (30%)

A

Z

A

Z


Terp& Thorpe “The Technique of adding artificial mounds on the tidal flooded areas is not a new technique, it is a system that has been used for centuries” The most sustainable way to create a new landscape from shifting the sediment into the site selection is the technique called ‘Terp’. Terp is an artificial dwelling mound found on the North European Plain that has been created to provide safe ground during storm surges, high tides, and sea or river flooding, creating the land from mounds, which is able to grow the plant or crop, also to build the house or structure.

Structure Wetland

Public Space Agriculture Livestock

Case Study

LIBIELAND, Van der Zee Architects Waterboarding Organization

High Highmarsh marsh--only onlystorm stormsurrges surrges

Middle Middlemarsh marsh<<50 50days/year days/year (start (starthabitat*) habitat*) Lower Lowermarsh marsh--50-200 50-200days/year days/year Pioneer Pioneerzone zone-> ->200 200days/year days/year (between (betweentidal tidalflat flatand andMHW) MHW) Tidal Tidalflat flat--twice twiceaaday day

Aquaculture


Land Use Zoni

Zoning Diagram A EXTENSIVE AQUACU

Semi-extensive Aquaculture

Extensive Aquaculture

top predators

Case Study SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE Veta la Palma

grazers

Sustainable Aquaculture Cycle

birds predators

Zoning Diagram B INTEGRATED FARMI

producers

Fish Farm 69%

Case Study INTEGRATED FARMING Rice& Fish Technique

Case Study RENATURATION OF THE RIVER AIRE Restoring the River

Agriculture

Wetland

Sustainable Aquaculture

Agriculture 12%

Common Land 19%

Zoning Diagram C SUSTAINABLE AQUA

Floating Aquaculture

La


ing Strategy

ULTURE: Extensive Aquaculture + Semi-Extensive Aquaculture + Wetland (Common Land) Paths connect the Lands Semi-extensive Aquaculture

Adding Mounds

ING: Aquaculture + Agriculture + Wetland (Common Land)

Paths connect the Lands

Adding Mounds

ACULTURE: Aquaculture + Wetland (Common Land)

agoon

Wetland

Constructed Pathways

Public Space (Eco- Tourism)

Wetland

Agriculture


Mounded Landscapes Criteria of Adding Mounds Water Direction In order to reduce the issue of coastal squeeze, erosion and tidal flooding, generate more creeks, create wetland and new habitats, we broke some part of existing hard defences to let water flows into the site selections, called Managed Realignment. Through this method, Some lagoons were generated which could be used for aquaculture production. From the Ceasar simulations, we observed the whole process, distinguishing the different part in agricultural plots. Utilizing wet and dry area, according physical conditions and species requirements, dividing the plots into aquacultural farms and common land.

A

B

Z

16


When the water flows through the mounds, it creates both sediment and erosion. The sediment area has a potential to create a new form of landscape for common land(wetland or public space). On the other hand the erosion area has a potential to create a lagoon, adding the fish farm, according to the citeria of sustainable aquaculture.

C

D

F

E

17


Site Selection

Mound Catalogue& Model Simulation Based on the different soil percentage and distance. these are different ways in which the distribution of sediments would take place and this also could be a set of guideline for the place we dradge the material. 10 percentage

15 percentage

Distance

Distance

20m

20m

20 percentage

35m

wetland

30

Distance test 2

20m

20m

30m

0m

m

m

Distance test 1

intensive aquaculture

4

20m

common land + aquaculture

30m

Distance test 3

m

30

agriculture +aquaculture

Distance test 4

40m

Distance test 5

Agriculture + Aquaculture

Wetland

20m

Distance

30

soil percentage

50m

30m

common land +aquaculture

Common land +Aquaculture

Common land +Aquaculture

Wetland

Common land + Aquaculture

Test 1 Angel

Test 2 Shape


Site Selection

Managed Realignment Site

Test Study; Creating the Common Land

Wetland

Wetland Water Input Area Water Input Area Wetland

Intensive Aquaculture

Water Input Area

Common Land Wetland Extensive Aquaculture Agricultural Land

Agricultural Land

Water Input Area

Wetland

Water Input Area

Structure

Lagoon

Agricultural Land Common Land

0 day

Main Water Flow

Lagoon

Mound 30m

Mound 10m

Water Direction

The manage realignment area is made up by 6 agricultural plots. The green area is the existing lower area, we decided to add the mounds around water bodies and it flows to accelerate the erosion and excavation, creates the deeper areas for sustainable aquaculture, also to maintain the lagoon. On the other hand, the site location is surrounded by agriculture plots, in the North, there is an area of wetland, in order to expand the wetland area from the existing. At the same time, we decided to create common land on the East, to connect each agricultural plot. The area in the middle of the map created more erosion, which has the potential to be used as an aquaculture.

2 year

Water depth simulation (2 year)


Site Selection

Managed Realignment Site

Site Selection's Criteria: Physical Condition Zoom in to one plot, we found when we put a lot of mounds, in the end, these mounds grow together and generate large common land and lagoon. We see varioue water velocity and direction in the picture, Basicly, water flow is very strong in the water input area and the space between the mounds.

Plot 1

Plot 2

Plot 3

In terms of the physical condition of the site selection, the lagoon, and the intertidal area are generated for aquaculture. On the other hand, the highland area also has a potential to develop as an area for common land. Low Tidal-Lagoons

High Land

Common Land

Intertidal Zone

High Tidal

Mounds


Containment

Fish Farm's Structure

Ranching

Sticks

Shellfish Farm's Path

Floating Material 10m 50m

20m 10m

Common Land Wetland or Public Space

The aquaculture techniques are required different steps, foe example, the containment is supposed to be the first step, which is not required the dept of water. On the other hand, the aquaculture floating material requires the certain dept of water(lagoon), it takes time to create the erosion, in order to create the lagoon. Besides, the structure is used for both dry shellfish, and wet shellfish , and also connect the shellfish farm path.


Balancing Economic Growth and Sustainable Environment The Possibility for the UK Coastal â&#x20AC;&#x153;Could we take the advantage from the Enterprise Zones and the Natural Capital Plan, to intervene in the fishing processing industry of Grimsby? Looking at the overall project, how we developed the project through the existing development plans; the Humber Enterprise Zones and the Investing in Natural Capital create a new form of the landscape through the dredging material(shifting, from the sea to the land). Producing the aquaculture productivities. In order to support the fishing industry, the local economy on the Estuary. Nowadays, there are some cases in the UK coastal, which are in the same situation. They provided the Enterprise Zones, In order to improve the economic growth. Following the Enterprise Zones, the Natural capital was released, to support the Enterprise Zones. Could we take the advantage from the Enterprise Zones and the Natural Capital Plan, to intervene in the fishing processing industry of Grimsby? Taking the advantages, adapt to the strategy of the Common Land. To limit the Enterprise Zones, to limit the profitable land, and to limit pricing the nature to the UK coastal areas.

The Sediment Movements, the UK coastal


More Information about the Project please visit https://issuu.com/pafunpalwatwichai/docs/ploypafun_port-01


Room for WATER

The History of Humber 53.5675° N, 0.0808° W

The Weekend in Cleethorpe // Photo by T.Zhao


â&#x20AC;&#x153;ROOM for WATERâ&#x20AC;?

Living Sustainably in Harmony of Human and Nature Bangkhunthian Detention Area and Channel Restoration Project Design Ecological and Sustainable Design Year : Chulalongkorn University 2012 Type : Academic / Individual Thesis Project Location : Bangkhunthian, Bangkok Site Detail : 75 sq. km. Overall / 0.95 sq. km. Design Area


Room for Water Bangkok in 1782. People traveled by boat on canals along the city. The Urban Planning was based on water transport that tended to follow waterway networks from topography, living sustainably in harmony of human and nature. Nowadays, most of the waterway networks have been filled in and turned to the roads and the developments as a result from the economic expansion. The sustainable planning have increasingly lost its significant role to the world development. In 2011, A succession of storms caused water levels in all damns and rivers. More than 12 billion cubic meters of water descended on Bangkok, Submerging 36 of the capitalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 50 districts of the country. The project purpose is follow the study process and implementation of the Kaem Ling Project located in lower part of Bangkok.

Draining the excess amount of water from upper areas to a large storage canal in coastal areas in the Mahachai-Sanamchai canals and others which are linked, these canals formed the water detention the area near the floodprone, controlled through diversity scales of floodgates to solve the flooding problems.

10 km 5 km

Cultural tourism

Community park 27.38%

Housing park 4.17%

Consevation area 25.81%

Educational tourism

Pocket park 2.24%

na

Sa

Ecotourism

n

a iC

a

h mc

TOURISM

als

Historical tourism

Street park 27.38%

Heritage tourism COMMERCIAL Shopping mall

PARK

Community Service


Abandoned Shrimp Farm as a Water Storage? Shrimp farms in project area were abandoned from causes severe ecological problems, reducing the direct impact on the agriculture areas and water pollution also produced carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. In 2009, the percentage of ponds left idle after a period in production can be as high as 70% in

the lower area of Bangkok. These shrimp farms would acts as a detention pond to slowdown water flow and hold it for a short period of time, decreasing flood damage, that control the water level from canal channels through floodgates. Main Floodgates

Floodgates

Floodgates

Case 01 : Average sea level Gates closed : Controlled the equal water level between inside and outside water gates

Case 02 : Sea level rise Gates open : Water flow outside to inside water gates, temporarily retain some volume of flooding for a short period

Case 03 : Sea level becomes lower Gates closed : Water flows naturally inside to outside water gates, When the sea level becomes lower

Case 04 : Flood Gates open-closed : Water gates are opened and used to lower the water levels in canals and rivers, to hold excessive water which lasts about three months every year. When the sea level becomes lower, water naturally flows from high areas to lower areas by gravity to sea.

Colocasia esculenta var. aquatilis

Diplaziumes culentum

Cheilocostus speciosus

Colocasia esculenta Pennisetum Chrysopogon var. aquatilis setaceum (Forssk.) zizanioides Chiov.

Sesbania

Equisetum debile Roxb.ex Vaucher

Nelumbonucifera

Nymphaea lotusChiov.

Salvinia cucullata Roxb. ex Bory

Ipomoea aquatica

Eichhornia crassipes

Azolla

Spirodela polyrhiza

Neptunia oleracea

Spirogyra sp.

Hydrilla verticillata

Crinum thaianum

Hymenachne pseudointerrupta

While the shrimp farms are holding excessive water for three months until the flood eased up. The still water becomes more polluted and toxic in the detension pond. Constructed wetland system designed to maximize the removal of pollutants from stromwater runoff and to improve water quality that suitable for the growth of wetland plants, enhancement of vegetation diversity and wildlife habitat in urban areas also relatively low maintenance costs.

Syzygium cumini Lagerstroemia speciosa

Dolichandrone Pithecellobium serrulata (DC.) dulce Seem.

Barringtonia Crateva acutangula religiosa G.Forst.

Shorea roxburghii

Bambuseae

FOREST

Eleocharis dulcis Jussiaea repens L. Crinumasiaticum

MERGINAL PLANT MERGINAL PLANT GROUNDCOVER EMERGED PLANT FLOATING PLANT FLOATING PLANT

Cyperaceae

Constructed Wetland & Detention Pond â&#x20AC;&#x153;The sharing of roles between engineer and urbanist to solve technical issues, on the other, landscape architect design the body work for themâ&#x20AC;?


Detention Pond & Water Quality The Shrimp Farms as Detention Ponds have temporarily stored the stormwater runoff, it helps to control the flooding and slowly releases the flooded water into the canals, the farms are located in the old residential, commercial, and industrial developments.

Water Pollution Agriculture

Sedimentation Pond

Oxidation Pond

Typically, the farm has a temporary pool which has the potential to produ native wetland plant life and effective at removing pollutants, also providin fish and wildlife habitat. In terms of water pollution, mainly focus o rainwater that effluents from domestic, agriculture and industrial uses.

Water Pollution Urban Waste

Polishing Pond

Plant and glass filtration

The Different of Treatment Plants

Aquatic and Floating Plant Filtration

Water Pollution Transportation

Indutrial Pollution

Free Water Surface Wetland

Horizontal Flow System

Vertical Flow System

Aeration Pond

Grove Filtration

Rustic wastewater treatment technologies apply natural phenomena. Lagooning is based on ponds and rivers. Planted beds are based on the principle of reed beds. Subsurface disposal is an adaptation of principle of wetlands and woodland. Severa techniuqes distinguish themselves from one another by the mode of infiltration and circulation of the water. 1. LAGOON TREATMENT Sedimentation Pond Faculatative Pond (7 Days) 2. LAGOON TREATMENT Oxidation Pond Aerobic Pond (7 Days) 3. LAGOON TREATMENT Polishing Pond Maturation Pond (7 Days) 4. PLANT AND GLASS FILTRATION (2 Days) 5. AQUATIC AND FLOATING PLANT FILTRATION (7 Days) 6. FREE WATER SURFACE WETLAND (7 Days) 7. VERTICAL FLOW SYSTEM (4 Days)

8. AERATION POND (Still water surface)

9. GROVE FILTRATION

01 PRE-WATER TREATMENT

02 ON PROCESS-WATER TREATMENT

03 PRO-WATER TREATMENT


Mahachai-Sanamchai canal

Quick sketch of flood control possibilities in the different period of time

Abandoned Shrimp Farms as a Detention Ponds

50 Year Flooding 1.70 m above sea level 5-10 Year Flooding 0.50 m above sea level

Quick sketch of landscape planing that involves overall circulation zoning, water treatment system and water circulation flow 5,097,600 m3/day

1

3 5

12 2

5

1 4

12

9 5

12

4

5

6

DETAIL PLAN.01 5 YEAR-FLOODING


1

3 2 4

9

6

5

10

SE

CT

ION

7

8

02

Quick sketch of green community space for recreation park and learning center

“Solving the problem of water management and balancing between human’s needs and sustainable environmental design” “Room for Water” The project area is 75 sq.km. almost 50% of site project is an open basin from shrimp farms that left idle after a period in production. The main objective is created a temporary water storage from abandon agriculture areas and shrimp farms also canal networks, which are linked to the site, stores stormwater after a major rain storm for 3 months, protect against flooding and supported Kaem Ling Project which normally collects 4-5 million cubic meters into 7-8 million cubic meters of excessive water per day.

11

SECTION 01

“ Master Plan ” 1. Retention Pond 2. Detention Pond 3. Ecological Forest 4. Board Walk 5. Floating Agriculture 6. Floating Board Walk

7. Service Area 8. Water Turbine 9. Rice Field 10. Agriculture Farming 11. Learning Center 12. Constructed Wetland

DETAIL PLAN.02 10 YEAR-FLOODING

After 3 months of storm season, the function of agriculture areas along the Mahachai Sanamchai canal will turn into green community space for recreation park and learning center to share the knowledge and spread the idea of sustainable living for everyday people to improve their lives.

DETAIL PLAN.03 50 YEAR-FLOODING


SECTION 01

Floating Board Walk

Floating Board Walk

Floating Pavillion

Floating Agriculture

JANUARY-JULY


SECTION 02

WINTER January-March

SUMMER April-June

5 year flooding +0.50 m

SUMMER-RAINY June-September

10 year flooding +1.25 m

RAINY-WINTER October-December 50 year flooding +1.70 m

Floating Agriculture

Floating Board Walk

Floating Board Walk

Water Turbine Basins

SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER


WINTER January-March

SUMMER April-June

SUMMER-RAINY June-September

RAINY-WINTER October-December

5 year flooding +0.50 m

10 year flooding +1.25 m

50 year flooding +1.70 m

WINTER January-March

SUMMER April-June

SUMMER-RAINY June-September

RAINY-WINTER October-December

5 year flooding +0.50 m

10 year flooding +1.25 m

50 year flooding +1.70 m


WINTER January-March

SUMMER April-June

SUMMER-RAINY June-September

RAINY-WINTER October-December

5 year flooding +0.50 m

10 year flooding +1.25 m

50 year flooding +1.70 m

WINTER January-March

SUMMER April-June

SUMMER-RAINY June-September

RAINY-WINTER October-December

5 year flooding +0.50 m

10 year flooding +1.25 m

50 year flooding +1.70 m


CORO FIELD Phase 1

Honor award in Commercial project Landscape design Type : Educational and Commercial Project Location : Suan Pheung, Ratchaburi, Thailand Owner : Coro Brother Co,.Ltd. Architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Landscape architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Area : Architecture = 1,345 sq.m.. Area : Landscape = 8,548 sq.m. Design : Dec 2013 Completed : Oct 2015 (Phase 1) Photography : Ketsiree Wongwan Responsibility : Site Survey, Landscape Design, Planting Concept, Construction Drawing


Layers of Adaptation “bring the farming products and farming lifestyle from the farm to the urbanites” “Layers of adaptation”. Originate from the fascination of agriculture, the owner who owns an agriculture field on a vast land in Suan Phueng (a Thailand scenery town) intends to bring the farming products and farming lifestyle from the farm to the urbanites. Therefore, the first phase of “Coro project” was located on the front area of the same plot with the farm to be the prototype of farming lifestyle and the Coro products display. Due to the long-term strategy, the project extension is soon to be continued to strengthen the Coro ambition with more activities, products and experiments. This first development of the Coro project is a place for both plant and human with the design for the capability of supporting different activities responding to different circumstances. The certain dimension of 1.50m, the proper distance of farming, defines a grid system, which connects each building layers from the open space to the enclosed. Structure, skin, services, space plan, and stuff are supporting each other to define different spaces. Moveable surfaces define different enclosure. Modular furniture system defines different planning. Electrical outlets on the grid structure supply different activities and different adjustments. Consequently, the relationship of these layers generates the space’s resilience in order to encourage the creativity and diversity.

More Information about the Project please visit https://www.integratedfield.com/coro-field

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TRANSPARENT BOX as a showcase

“ Modular Pattern”

The certain dimension of 1.50 m, the proper distance of farming, defines a grid system, which connects each building layers from the open space to the enclosed. Structure, skin, services, space plan, and stuff are supporting each other to define different spaces.

WOODEN BOX as a storage WOOD PANELS work with the steel frames as a surfaces STEEL FRAMES could work alone or be attached with other pieces

STAINLESS STEEL ROASTER for BBQ STAINLESS STEEL BOX as an ice bucket

LONG WOOD PANELS connect each module together to define different spaces CHASSIS allows all components to be moved around easily

CORO HOUSE plant’s house CORO CAFE

CORO studio for w

WC

Outdoor Structure

SLIDING ROOF

REMOVABLE MEMBRANE SHEETS

“ Modular Furniture”

This modular furniture is one of the elements that was designed based on the adaptation idea to suit with activities in this project. Moveable surfaces define different enclosure. Modular furniture system defines different planning. Electrical outlets on the grid structure supply different activities and different adjustments. It shows how each area can adapt to various circumstances which propose an idea that people can come and experience the area all year through.

SEMI-OUTDOOR PARTY

Modular Farming seasonal fruits and vegetables

Sunken Contours outdoor amphitheater


O ME workshop


More Information about the Project please visit https://vimeo.com/155698897


“Minimal Design, Maximum Pleasure” In the greenhouse, whose roof is removable, the space is divided by vertical steel pillars 1.5 m apart (the proper distance for farming); it has pathways that have an inclination to favor the gradual drainage of water (according to the principles of permaculture). The greenhouse, with its paths and where they mix the scents of Hokkaido melon, of Holland Cherry Tomato, or simply of freshly cut grass, leads to the Coro Cafè.


DAM NOEN KASET

Sustainable Agriculture& Housing Type : Sustainable Agriculture Housing Project Location : Damnoen Saduak, Ratchaburi, Thailand Owner : K.Pisit, HACO GROUP (1991) CO.,LTD. Architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Landscape architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Area : Architecture = 1,000 sq.m.. Area : Landscape = 4,500 sq.km. Design : Sep 2016 Completed : Design Development Responsibility : Schemetic Design, Landscape Design Design Development, Planting Concept, 3D Model Construction Drawing, Co-ordinate


POND 10 %

LIVING 20%

BACKYARD GARDEN 35 %

CROP PLANTS 35%

LIVING WITH AGRICULTURE PRIVATE PLOT (5 plots) 33.60 m

20.00 m

ANIMAL HOUSE

6.00 m

6.00 m

5.00 m

HOUSE 120 SQ.M.

FERTILIZER AREA.

2.00 m

PARKING 2 CARS

PRODECT STORAGE

POND 136 SQ.M.

17.00 m

ENTRANCE

3.00 m

PATHWAY

HOUSE YARD 85 SQ.M.

BACKYARD GARDEN + NURSERY - VINES - ORCHARD 180 SQ.M. -

-

BACKYARD GARDEN + CROP PLANT - ORCHARD 200 SQ.M.

17.00 m

CROP PLANT

8.00 m

5.00 m

28.75 m

AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY COMMUNAL PLOT (1 plot) 30.00 m

2.60 m

8.00 m

2.00 m

2.00 m BUILDING 180 SQ.M.

6.00 m

6.00 m ACCOMMODATION

1.00 m

SERVICE

MULT-IPURPOSE

PARKING [3 CARS]

MULTI-PURPOSE PATHWAY

MULTIPURPOSE POND 276 SQ.M.

PATHWAY

ENTRANCE

4.00 m

MULTI-PURPOSE GARSEN 384.15 SQ.M.

23.00 m

20.00 m

1.00 m

1.00 m LANDMARK AREA 145.20 SQ.M

10.30 m

FRONT ENTRANCE

1.00 m

13.60 m

3.00 m

21.50 m


Damnoen Kaset Phase I “The Sustainable Agriculture& Housing” This proposed design of the Damnoen Kaset, sustainable living intend to encourage people who want to live in a new method of sustainable farming to participate more in the natural resource and sufficient living. The project will have 2 important parts, which is a private plot consist of 5 plot for the residential area with the sustainable farming model. The Small-scale farming and micro-farms can still produce enough food for a self-sufficient living. You can be totally self-sufficient on an acre, or less. In fact, urban homesteading is becoming increasingly popular and communal plot that forms a large strip of the community center.

“PREPARE TODAY FOR TOMORROW”

Damnoen Saduak, Ratchaburi is only one hour drive from Bangkok. The best location for the weekend vacation out of the city. The project creates a new type of neighborhood serves up farm-to-table living in a cooperative environment. Instead of being built around club houses, such as a pool, tennis court or golf course. These housing developments are centered around a farm and agriculture, often using the sweat-equity of residents to create a sustainable food system for the entire community.

More Information about the Project please visit https://www.integratedfield.com/damnoen-kaset


THE LIVING WITH AGRICULTURE (Private Plot)

WATER 10%

NUSRERY

LIVING 20%

ORCHARD 20% TALL PLANT

The area of living space is 1,000 square meters per 1 plot, which includes the house of 200 square meters.

The living plot is integrated with the vertical agriculture along the grid lines property and water system for plantâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s maintenance

The lower cost of providing organic vegetables and grow your own fresh vegetable garden in the backyard Pond and Water System 10% of living plot

Animal House

Crop Plants(Tall Plant) 20% of living plot

Prefabricated House (100 sq.m.) 20% of living plot

7.10 m 7.10 m

6.72 m 3.00 m

14.20 m

14.20 m

3.00 m

Building

Water System

Medium Decorative Orchard Vines Nursery Plant Plant

Tall Plant

Road Way


AGRICULTURAL CUMMUNITY (Communal Plot)

LIBRARY

MARKET PERFORMANCE

ACCOMODATION

EXPERIMENT SEMINAR

PLAYGROUND

WORKSHOP

The area of communal plot is 1,000 square meter per 1 plot including the public building, which has an area of 200-300 square meter

A signpost hanging on a rope on a branch of a tree, overhead net system.

The communal plot accommodates a large market from local farm and plant, once a week. The rest of the week, it forms a large strip of the community center, playground, library, and accommodation space. In order to grid line of tall plants, the rope connects each tree together, hanging on a branch of a tree, attach a signpost and share the knowledge of agriculture sustainable living for the community. Accommodation

Plot Info

Service

Experimantal Plaza

Multi-purpose Workshop & Seminar Outdoor

Outdoor Market Perfomance

7.00 m

3.00 m

4.00 m

32.50 m

Building

Water System

Tall Plant

Overhead Net

Road Way


It’s SARA CAFÉ

Honor award in Commercial project Landscape design Type : Recreational and Commercial Project Location : Nongkhae, Saraburi, Thailand Owner : Pimpaka Wongmanasuk Architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Landscape architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Area : Architecture = 460 sq.m. (Indoor), 120 sq.m. (Outdoor) Area : Landscape = 980 sq.m. (Hardscape), 1060 sq.m. (Softscape) Design : Jan 2013 Completed : Jan 2015 Photography : Ketsiree Wongwan Responsibility : Landscape Design, Planting Concept, 3D Model, Construction Drawing Co-ordinate


It’s SARA CAFÉ “How the boundary between outside and inside was blurred and became almost invisible” “Café in the garden” With the owner’s love of gardens and trees, IF proposed this IT’S SARA café as a place where people could experience the permeation between the indoor and the outdoor space. The intertwining of layers of each element is how the boundary between outside and inside was blurred and became almost invisible. Components such as lawn, plants, trees and tiles are randomly placed on smooth steps continuously from surroundings into the area under the roof. These components also define room for the outdoor space. Meanwhile components such as roof and wall are just floating over the garden with little connections through the intentionally un-aligned slim steel columns. Translucent panels, assembled on the waffle steel structure roof, allow the natural light to interpenetrate into the covering area. Clear glass walls define the clear vision between air-conditioned volume and outside. The property and relationship of all these layers generate the space where the artificial boundary between landscape, architecture and interior is eliminated and create a simple definition of having coffee in a garden. The scheme is defined by a series of intertwining and overlapping layers that blur the boundary between internal and external space, placed plants, trees, and shrubs on smooth steps surrounding the building. The structural components, such as the roof and the glazed walls, float above the garden, supported by intentionally misaligned steel columns.

More Information about the Project please visit https://www.integratedfield.com/it-s-sara-cafe


â&#x20AC;&#x153; Connecting with Nature â&#x20AC;? Follow the concept that blur a boundary between outside and inside. Outdoor components such as lawn, plants, trees , tiles and gravel are randomly penetrated which encourages the pedestrians to come down to the ground and get closer to the garden. This way, we believe they could have a better connection with nature and the people around them.

Back Approach

Front Approach

Flow

Flow


TCDC KHON KAEN

TCDC - Khon Kaen - Design Competiton Location : Khon kaen, Thailand Owner : TCDC, Thailand Creative & Design Center Programme : Community, Library, Exhibition Hall, Office Architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Landscape architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Area : Architecture = 1,500 sq.m.. Area : Landscape = 2,400 sq.km. Design : Dec 2016 Completed : Construction Process Responsibility : Landscape Concept Design, Presentaion


The Beauty of Thai Silk Pattern “Thai silk pattern on the outdoor plaza based on Isan’s environment, agriculture process and natural geography” TCDC Khon Kaen, competition entry for a multifunctional cultural building in Khon Kaen. Cultural skills from the Northeast, through wide range of activities and services; exhibitions, lectures workshops, including beautiful handicraft-making, will serve to inspire Thai creative circles, as the region’s first creative and design centre is established in Khon Kaen province to promote learning about design and help boost the economy. The concept is inspired by Thai silkworms or Thai weavers, called Lai Par Naam Lhai from the northeast region of Thailand, raise the caterpillars on a steady diet of mulberry leaves. Created 4 important function areas: Event Space, Outdoor Market , TCDC Plaza and Agriculture Cultural Park. These function rooms are permeated the boundary between outdoor and indoor and became almost invisible by the Thai silk pattern on the ground based on Isan’s environment, agriculture process and natural geography.


Circulation

MAIN STREET

Zoning Diagram EVENT PLAZA

Landscape

DETENTION POND

SERVICE ROUTE

CUTURE LIVING PLAZA

FOREST LEARNING PARK

PARKING

TCDC PLAZA

AGRICULTURE FOREST LEARNING PARK

WALK WAY ENTRY

OUTDOOR PLAZA

TCDC SIGNATURE-PLANTING ZONE

WALK WAY ROUTE

AGRICULTURE CULTURAL PARK

PLANTING FOR EXHIBITION

CORRIDOR SEMI-OUTDOOR

KKU PARK OUTDOOR CAFE DROP OFF PHASE 2


Overhead Plane Solid&Void system

Buliding StructureSystem

Prefabrication structure shows the conceptand idea of architecture Informative Facade Organic Workspace The flexible and adaptable working space

Transition Blending Space People could experience the permeation between zoning

Phase 1 Inspired by Thai silk pattern from the northeast of Thailand

Phase 2 The pattern created 4 important fucntion rooms

Phase 3 The integrated funtion between inside and outside

Phase 4 Creative hub&lab, creative work place and creative facilities connected by landscape design


CANVAS RESTAURANT

Type : Restaurant Project/ Vertical Garden Location : Sukumvit, Bangkok, Thailand Architect : Landscape architect : Pafun Palwatwichai Area : Architecture = Area : Landscape architecture = 400 sq.m. Design : February 2017 Completed : May 2017 Responsibility : Landscape Design, Co-ordinate Planting Concept, 3D Model, Lighting Design


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BEACH CLUB

Khao Lak Phang Nga

Type : Recreational and Commercial Project Location : Takua Pa, Khao Lak, Phang Nga, Thailand Owner : HACO GROUP (1991) CO.,LTD. Architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Landscape architect : IF (Integrated Field Co.,Ltd.) Area : Architecture = 1,264 sq.m.. Area : Landscape = 2,050 sq.km. Design : Sep 2012 Completed : Construction Process Responsibility : Schemetic Design, Landscape Design Design Development, Planting Concept, 3D Model Construction Drawing, Co-ordinate


The Beauty of Thai Silk Pattern “Landscape Architect, Architect and Interior Architect works in field of integration” Beach Club-Phang nga is located directly on the beautiful, palmfringed beach of Khao Lak, well known for the world class reefs and crystal clear waters surrounding the islands. Two hotel buildings along the site boundary with the 5th storey, Designed by Time Architect from Phuket, Thailand, are aimed to serve the best experience from beachfront view through every hotel room. The briefly challenged beach club design to create a look of architecture and landscape architecture as a harmonious arrangement of natural geography. Beach club consists 3 important parts of architecture which are restaurant, bar and storage room. The form’s language of architecture acts as large triangle berms, to obscure any boundaries between hotel rooms behind beach club area and beachfront view.


More Information about the Project please visit https://www.integratedfield.com/beach-club https://vimeo.com/256730452


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