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Lancaster County Edition

November 2012

Vol. 18 No. 11

Bearing the Burden to Ease Burdens By Lori Van Ingen What has been called “the strangest sporting event” is just another way for Steve Jones to help ease the burdens of local families. Jones will be powerwalking with hundreds of pounds of weights to the top of Roundtop Mountain in Lewisberry on Nov. 3 to benefit a girl with leukemia. People who have come to watch his benefit powerwalks over the years often ask, “‘Where’s the hulk?’” Jones said. “They think it’s the spotter.” They are amazed to discover that it is a 5-foot, 9-inch, 200-pound, gray curly-haired man who will be carrying 700 pounds up a mountain, said Jones, who works as a hospital security guard. Although he bills his benefits as powerwalks, Jones really thinks of himself as an “endurance walker.” He walks with ever-increasing weights until he reaches his goal. “I walk with a squat stand (vertical posts with horizontal bar catchers on each side),” he said. The weights sit on the stand and his crew puts them on his bar. “Six or seven people lift the weight up to my shoulders. Two guys go in front of me so I don’t step in a hole because once you turn your leg (it’s all over),” Jones said. Someone also walks behind him to hold his back up because he leans backward with so much weight on him, he said. New weights are added after he walks as far as he can up the mountain, as much as 100 yards with the lowest weight of 340 pounds at the bottom of please see BURDEN page 22 Endurance walker Steve Jones will shoulder up to 700 pounds as he ascends Roundtop Mountain for the Nov. 3 charity benefit.


For Veterans: Art-Making and Transformation page 4

The Best Foods for Older Diabetics page 20

Alzheimer’s Caregiving: Tips to Prevent Wandering Every day can bring a new change or challenge for caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease. Many people with Alzheimer’s disease wander away from their home or caregiver. Caregivers need to know how to limit wandering and prevent the person from becoming lost. First Steps Try to follow these steps before the person with Alzheimer’s disease wanders: • Make sure the person carries some kind of ID or wears a medical bracelet. If the person gets lost and can’t communicate clearly, an ID will let others know about his or her illness. It also shows where the person lives. • Consider enrolling the person in the MedicAlert® + Alzheimer’s Association Safe Return® Program (see or call (888) 572-8566 to find the program in your area). • Let neighbors and the local police know that the person with Alzheimer’s tends to wander. Ask them to alert you immediately if the person is seen alone and on the move.

• Place labels in garments to aid in identification.

November is National Family Caregivers Month and National Alzheimer’s Disease Awareness Month

• Keep an article of the person’s worn, unwashed clothing in a plastic bag to aid in finding him or her with the use of dogs. • Keep a recent photograph or video recording of the person to help police if he or she becomes lost. Tips to Prevent Wandering Here are some tips to help prevent the person with Alzheimer’s from wandering away from home:

• Keep doors locked. Consider a keyed deadbolt, or add another lock placed up high or down low on the door. If the person can open a lock, you may need to get a new latch or lock.*

• Use loosely fitting doorknob covers so that the cover turns instead of the actual knob.* • Place STOP, DO NOT ENTER, or CLOSED signs on doors. • Divert the attention of the person with Alzheimer’s disease away from using the

door by placing small scenic posters on the door; placing removable gates, curtains, or brightly colored streamers across the door; or wallpapering the door to match any adjoining walls. • Install safety devices found in hardware stores to limit how much windows can be opened. • Install an “announcing system” that chimes when the door opens. • Secure the yard with fencing and a locked gate. • Keep shoes, keys, suitcases, coats, hats, and other signs of departure out of sight. • Do not leave a person with Alzheimer’s who has a history of wandering unattended. *Due to the potential hazard they could cause if an emergency exit is needed, locked doors and doorknob covers should be used only when a caregiver is present. Source: National Institute on Aging

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Resource Directory This Resource Directory recognizes advertisers who have made an extended commitment to your health and well-being.

Coins & Currency Steinmetz Coins & Currency, Inc. (717) 299-1211 Cremation Services Auer Cremation Services of PA (800) 722-8200

Charles F. Snyder Funeral Home & Crematory, Inc. (717) 393-9661/(717) 872-5041 (717) 627-8668 Kearney A. Snyder Funeral Home (717) 394-4097 Gastroenterology

Dental Services Dental Health Associates (717) 394-9231 Lancaster Denture Center (717) 394-9773 Smoketown Family Dentistry (717) 291-6035

General Surgery Practice & Hemorrhoid Clinic Hiep C. Phan, MD FACS (717) 735-9222

Central PA Poison Center (800) 521-6110 Office of Aging (717) 299-7979/(800) 801-3070 Employment Lancaster County Office of Aging (717) 299-7979 Entertainment Dutch Apple Dinner Theatre (717) 898-1900 Financial Services Internal Revenue Service (717) 291-1994

Alzheimer’s Association (717) 651-5020 American Cancer Society (717) 397-3744 American Diabetes Association (888) DIABETES


Flu or Influenza (888) 232-3228

Physicians — OB/GYN Health Network Labs (717) 243-2634

May•Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology (717) 397-8177

Hearing Services Hearing and Ear Care Center, LLC (717) 653-6300

Visiting Angels (717) 393-3450

American Heart Association (717) 393-0725 American Lung Association (717) 397-5203/(800) LungUSA

Planned Charitable Giving Lancaster County Community Foundation (717) 397-1629 Real Estate

Home Improvement

Prudential Homesale Services Group Rocky Welkowitz (717) 393-0100

DreamMaker Bath & Kitchen (717) 367-9753 Hospice Providers

Restaurants Splits & Giggles (717) 399-3332

Hospice of Lancaster County (717) 295-3900

Senior Move Management TLC Ladies (717) 228-8764

Housing Eastwood Village Homes, LLC (717) 397-3138 Insurance

Transition Solutions for Seniors Rocky Welkowitz (717) 615-6507

Medicare (800) 633-4227

American Red Cross (717) 299-5561 Arthritis Foundation (717) 397-6271


Medical Equipment & Supplies

Consumer Information (888) 878-3256

Funeral Directors Richard H. Heisey Funeral Home (717) 626-2464


Home Care Services Regional Gastroenterology Associates of Lancaster (RGAL) (717) 544-3400 Health & Medical Services

Emergency Numbers

Domestic Violence (800) 799-7233

GSH Home Med Care, Inc. (717) 272-2057

Veterans Services

Neurosurgery & Physiatry

CONTACT Helpline (717) 652-4400 Disease and Health Risk (888) 232-3228

Passport Information (877) 487-2778

Lancaster NeuroScience & Spine Associates (717) 569-5331 (800) 628-2080

Lebanon VA Medical Center (717) 228-6000 (800) 409-8771

Not an all-inclusive list of advertisers in your area.

50plus SeniorNews •

November 2012


Creativity Matters

For Veterans: Art-Making and Transformation

Corporate Office: 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512 Phone 717.285.1350 • Fax 717.285.1360 Chester County: 610.675.6240 Cumberland County/Dauphin County: 717.770.0140 Berks County/Lancaster County/ Lebanon County/York County: 717.285.1350 E-mail address: Website address:




BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNT EXECUTIVES Karla Back Angie McComsey Jacoby Valerie Kissinger Ranee Shaub Miller Lynn Nelson Sue Rugh SALES & EVENT COORDINATOR Eileen Culp


Judith Zausner here are many hurdles in life and, for veterans, some of these hurdles seem insurmountable. The warzone has scorched traumatic memories in their psyches that may sit buried and unreachable. Fortunately, now there are innovative support groups that provide a cathartic relief through creativity. Combat Paper (http://www.printnj .org/combat-paper), a New Jersey nonprofit, is an extraordinary program that travels around the country to help veterans relieve their stress from the effects of war. It fully embraces a creative process in three stages. Starting with “deconstructing,” the veterans bring in their worn combat fatigues for shredding to begin the paper-making process; then, the shredded, small fabric pieces are pulverized to produce paper pulp, which begins the “reclamation” process—they get to reclaim their uniforms as paper. The third stage is “communication” because when the



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50plus Senior News is a monthly newspaper serving the interests of the 50+ community in Chester, Cumberland, Dauphin, Lancaster, Lebanon, and York counties. On-Line Publishers, Inc., the parent company, is based in Columbia, Pa. Additionally, the company publishes the 50plus Resource Directory, the “50+ yellow pages,” and 50plus LIVING, a guide to residences and care options in the Susquehanna and Delaware valleys. On-Line Publishers, Inc. presents events for the 50+ community. Six 50plus EXPOs are hosted annually for the communities of Chester, Cumberland, Dauphin, Lancaster (two) and York counties. Each EXPO provides citizens an opportunity to research and talk with experts in a variety of fields in one location. On-Line Publishers produces b magazine, Central Pennsylvania’s premier publication for baby boomers. b magazine reflects on the past, recalling the proactive and history-changing decades of the 1960s and ’70s; it also examines where baby boomers are today and identifies the issues they face now—all with a mind toward representing the mid-state’s own boomer community. The company also conducts the PA STATE SENIOR IDOL competition each year. This is a chance for those over 50 to come to a regional audition site to sing, dance, or perform any kind of talent at which they excel. Fifteen semifinalists are then chosen by a panel of local celebrity judges, and those semifinalists vie for the title of PA STATE SENIOR IDOL during the finals competition, held in October at a popular venue. On-Line Publishers, Inc. was started in 1995. Our staff is dedicated to serving the mind, heart, and spirit of the community. For more information, contact our corporate office at (717) 285-1350 or visit ( ((


50plus Senior News is published by On-Line Publishers, Inc. and is distributed monthly among senior centers, retirement communities, banks, grocers, libraries and other outlets serving the senior community. On-Line Publishers, Inc. will not knowingly accept or publish advertising which may be fraudulent or misleading in nature. Views expressed in opinion stories, contributions, articles and letters are not necessarily the views of the publisher. The appearance of advertisements for products or services does not constitute an endorsement of the particular product or service. The publisher will not be responsible for mistakes in advertisements unless notified within five days of publication. On-Line Publishers, Inc. reserves the right to revise or reject any and all advertising. No part of this publication may be reproduced or reprinted without permission of On-Line Publishers, Inc. We will not knowingly publish any advertisement or information not in compliance with the Federal Fair Housing Act, Pennsylvania State laws or other local laws.

November 2012

and share their war experience with facilitators who also have military backgrounds. For most of these veterans, it is the first time they have spoken about traumatic events from the combat zone. Since the workshops are closed sessions for veterans only, they feel safe to open up and process emotions and memories that have previously been untouched. This is a

community of veterans helping other veterans to heal psychologically, emotionally, and physically through a creative journey of inner exploration. Drew Cameron, an Iraq war veteran and talented artist, cofounded Combat Paper in 2007 with his idea to “liberate the rag.” “The story of the fiber, the blood, sweat, and tears, the months of hardship and brutal violence are held within those old uniforms,” Cameron says. “The uniforms often become inhabitants of closets or boxes in the attic. Reshaping that association of subordination, of warfare and service, into something collective and beautiful is our inspiration.” With the success of Combat Paper, other organizations have formed to support veterans’ healing through art. Warrior Writers Project ( is a Philadelphia-based nonprofit that is a “community of military veterans, service members, artists, allies, civilians, and healers dedicated to

About Our Company



paper is dry, they can write poetry or draw images on it to communicate their feelings and/or stories. As they go through this transformation process of their uniforms and, internally, themselves, each person is encouraged to talk

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( ((




creativity and wellness.” There is emphasis on writing, although they also encourage other mediums such as painting and photography. To expand their reach, Warrior Writers also offers trainings, retreats, exhibitions, performances, and alternative healing practices that include massage and yoga. They have recently published their third anthology After Action Review, which showcases more than 100 veteran poems, creative writing, and art. Inspired by Combat Paper and Warrior Writers, in March 2011, Veterans in the Arts (, a Minneapolis-based organization, began offering classes. Their direction includes

literary and visual as well as musical initiatives. Although new to this approach of creative healing, they have already received the support of 10 art partners to build on their mission. Being deployed overseas will generate feelings of loss of family and friends, but it is very difficult to predict what experiences the soldiers come back with. These organizations strive to heal those wounds through sharing, art-making, and heartfelt support. Although the world is full of suffering, it is also full of the overcoming of it. — Helen Keller Judith Zausner can be reached at

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to European colonists benefiting from a legacy of Native American agricultural practices, use of natural medicines, examples of governance, and much more. The cultivation of corn, squash, beans, melons, peanuts, pumpkins, and cotton are New World commodities that today comprise much of the world’s agricultural demand. The canoe, toboggan, kayak, and snowshoes were developed by the Indians, and longhouses constructed by Native Americans inspired the simpler log cabins of settlers. In the southeastern region of the United States, tribes extracted salicylic acid from willow bark to relieve pain. This is the main ingredient in today’s aspirin. Medicine men (shamans) of tribes elsewhere used herbs that proved effective in treating ailments from dandruff, nausea, and sore throats to constipation. The standard reference for accepted pharmaceuticals, the U.S. Pharmacopeia, includes 170 drugs used by the shamans. In a single sentence, Benjamin Franklin both maligned and commended the governance of the Iroquois League. please see OWE page 11



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Walt Sonneville he United States owes much to the original Americans. This recognition need not be symbolized by erecting another monument or by creating an additional national holiday. Columbus Day has been a federal holiday since 1937, observed on the second Monday of October. In 1989 South Dakota began to celebrate Native American Day and Columbus Day together. It is unlikely the rest of the country soon will follow their example. California governor Ronald Reagan proposed in 1968 that the fourth Friday in September be observed as American Indian Day. Thirty years later the state assembly made Native American Day an official holiday. Combining Thanksgiving with Native American Day may be more appropriate than merging Native American Day and Columbus Day. Columbus’ arrival in the Bahamas subsequently brought to Native Americans diseases, broken treaties, and war. The joint observances of Columbus Day and Native American Day would seem antithetical. The arrival of Columbus led, however,

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50plus SeniorNews •

November 2012


Book Review

The Colonel is a Lady By Beverly Thompson

he Colonel is a Lady: Le Grande Dame of the Vietnam Women’s Memorial, a biography by Beverly Thompson, tells the story of Lt. Col. Evangeline “Jamie” Jamison, an Army nurse who served in three wars and was instrumental in the creation of the Vietnam Women’s Memorial in Washington, D.C. The book’s account covers every aspect of Jamie’s life, from her childhood on the farm in Iowa, where traits that would guide the rest of her life began to take shape, to her life today. In between, she served in three wars, joining the Army after the outbreak of


World War II and serving as well during the Korean and Vietnam wars. During her career, she was responsible for saving the lives of countless soldiers through her remarkable selfsacrifice. “Jamie’s life represents the spirit that made America great,” says

Thompson. “Her compassion, strength, and willingness to do what’s right serve as an example to the rest of us of what we can achieve.” Readers will follow Jamie across continents and oceans as her career of service leads her around the world and also learn of her tenacity that led to the establishment of the Vietnam Women’s Memorial. Written to engage, educate, and entertain, the book is intended to appeal to all

patriotic Americans. The Colonel is a Lady: Le Grande Dame of the Vietnam Women’s Memorial includes a foreword by Ross Perot and is available for sale online at or About the Author Author, illustrator, and artist Beverly Thompson has been a Navy wife for more than two decades. Thompson met Lt. Col. Jamison at a VFW flag-raising event and became determined to tell Jamison’s story. Born in New York, Thompson now lives in California.

Calling All Authors If you have written and published a book and would like 50plus Senior News to feature a Book Review, please submit a synopsis of the book (350 words or fewer) and a short autobiography (80 words or fewer). A copy of the book is required for review. Discretion is advised. Please send to: On-Line Publishers, Inc., Megan Joyce, 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512. For more information, please email


DO YOU KINDLE? Step into a young, itinerant engineer’s world as he travels from state to state accepting cost reduction projects at manufacturing companies for a stay of 4 to 6 weeks. During job assignments he meets two young women near Decorah, Iowa, and one in Lancaster, PA. All of them like him very much and enjoy his company, but he will be leaving their towns in a few weeks, so ... Choices and Decisions by Carl Nilsen

This 365-page story is based on actual experiences with a dash of wishful thinking.

Available from KINDLE ($9.99) or Paperback ($13.95) 6

November 2012

50plus SeniorNews •


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50plus SeniorNews •

November 2012


Lancaster County

Calendar of Events Lancaster County Department of Parks and Recreation

Senior Center Activities

Pre-registration is required for these programs. All activities are held at the Environmental Center in Central Park unless otherwise noted. To register or to find out more about these activities or any additional scheduled activities, call (717) 295-2055 or visit

Cocalico Senior Association – (717) 336-7489 Nov. 8, 11 a.m. – Lunch Outing Nov. 21, 9 a.m. – Fall Fest Party Nov. 27, 6 p.m. – Senior Social

Nov. 8, 10 to 11 a.m. and 6:30 to 7:30 p.m. – Fall Wild Edibles: “The Mast Crop” Nov. 19, 7 to 8 p.m. – Deer of North America Nov. 21, 6:30 to 8 p.m. – Owl Prowl

Columbia Senior Center – (717) 684-4850 Nov. 13, 10:15 a.m. – Veterans Day Musical Salute by Dan Martin Nov. 15, 9 a.m. – Shopping and Lunch at Park City Center Nov. 20, 10:15 a.m. – Thanksgiving Program by Pastor Jeff Snyder

Library Programs Lititz Public Library, 651 Kissel Hill Road, Lititz, (717) 626-2255 Nov. 7, 6:30 p.m. – Astronomy Enthusiasts of Lancaster County Nov. 17, 1:30 p.m. – Lititz Historical Foundation Program: History of the Greek Community in Lititz Nov. 20, 6:30 p.m. – Jane Austen Society

Support Groups Nov. 7, 7 to 8:15 p.m. Alzheimer’s Caregivers Support Group Willow Lakes Outpatient Center 212 Willow Valley Lakes Drive Willow Street (717) 464-9365 Nov. 12, 10 to 11 a.m. Alzheimer’s Caregivers Support Group Garden Spot Village Concord Room 433 S. Kinzer Ave., New Holland (717) 355-6076

Free and open to the public Nov. 15, noon Brain Tumor Support Group Lancaster General Health Campus Wellness Center 2100 Harrisburg Pike, Lancaster (717) 626-2894 Nov. 26, 2 to 3 p.m. Parkinson’s Support Group Garden Spot Village Village Square Board Room 433 S. Kinzer Ave., New Holland (717) 355-6259

Community Programs Nov. 3, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Christmas at Salem Bazaar Salem United Church of Christ of Rohrerstown 2312 Marietta Ave., Lancaster (717) 397-0141

Nov. 6, 7 p.m. Red Rose Singles Meeting Farm & Home Center 1383 Arcadia Road, Lancaster (717) 917-1222

Nov. 4, 1 to 5 p.m. Gospel, Old-Time Country Music, and Dancing Denver Fire Hall Fourth and Locust streets, Denver

Nov. 7, 10 to 11:30 a.m. Documentary: The City Dark Garden Spot Village Garden Towers Classroom 433 S. Kinzer Ave., New Holland (717) 355-6000

Nov. 6, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Lancaster County 50plus EXPO Lancaster Host Resort 2300 Lincoln Highway East Lancaster (717) 285-1350

Nov. 11, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Pennsylvania Music Expo Continental Inn 2285 Lincoln Highway East Lancaster (717) 898-1246


November 2012

50plus SeniorNews •

Nov. 28, 6 to 8 p.m. Epilepsy Foundation of Eastern Pennsylvania Support Group Lancaster General Hospital Stager Room 5 555 N. Duke St., Lancaster (800) 887-7165, ext. 104

Elizabethtown Area Senior Center – (717) 367-7984 Nov. 9, 9 a.m. – Bazaar Nov. 10, 7 a.m. – All-You-Can-Eat Pancake Breakfast and Bazaar Nov. 21, 10:30 a.m. – Music with Harmonica Jack Lancaster House North – (717) 299-1278 Thursdays, noon to 3 p.m. – Happy Hearts Club Pinochle Lancaster Neighborhood Senior Center (717) 299-3943 Tuesdays, 10:15 a.m. – Exercise with Lucy Nov. 8, 10:30 a.m. – Program on Alzheimer’s Disease Nov. 21, 10 a.m. – Program by Lakota Sioux Indians Lancaster Rec. Center – (717) 392-2115, ext. 147 Fridays, 12:30 to 3 p.m. – Happy Hearts Club Bridge

If you have an event you would like to include, please email information to for consideration.

Lititz Senior Center – (717) 626-2800 Wednesdays, 9:30 a.m. – Zumba Gold Exercise with Rae Nov. 15, 10 a.m. – Music and Dancing with Frankie Widder Nov. 29, 10 a.m. – Music and Dancing with Lost & Found

Free and open to the public

LRC Senior Center – (717) 399-7671 Nov. 1, 9 a.m. – Flu/Pneumonia Immunizations Nov. 8, 9:15 a.m. – Qi-Gong Nov. 20, 10:15 a.m. – “Getting Through the Holidays” Program

Nov. 16, 6 to 9 p.m. Music Fridays 200 and 300 Blocks of North Queen Street 24 W. Walnut St., Lancaster (717) 341-0028

Luis Munoz Marin Senior Center – (717) 295-7989 Nov. 6, 10 a.m. – How to Keep Your Home Safe During the Holidays Nov. 13, 10 a.m. – How to Take Advantage of Your Insurance Nov. 21, 10 a.m. – Thanksgiving Celebration

Nov. 20, 6:15 p.m. Red Rose Singles Dine Out Lyndon City Line Diner 1370 Manheim Pike, Lancaster (717) 917-1222

Millersville Senior Center – (717) 871-9600 Nov. 5, 10 a.m. – Music by Frankie Widder Nov. 21, 10 a.m. – Music by Sandy Heisey Nov. 26, 10 a.m. – Town Meeting

Sunday, Nov. 4th: Don’t forget to turn your clocks back!

Next Gen Senior Center – (717) 786-4770 Mondays and Fridays, 9:30 a.m. – Exercise with Vickie Nov. 9, 10:30 a.m. – Alzheimer’s Basics Nov. 26, 10:30 a.m. – “No More Turkey” Bingo Rodney Park Center – (717) 393-7786 Tuesdays, 1 to 3 p.m. – Happy Hearts Club Pinochle and Bingo


The Word on GERD Gloria May, M.S., R.N., CHES erhaps you have heard of “silent” diseases, so-called because they don’t have easily recognizable, clear-cut symptoms and can therefore cause damage to the body without revealing their existence. High blood pressure is a silent disease; so is osteoporosis, early-stage hepatitis C, and a number of sexually transmitted diseases. And then there’s GERD, gastroesophageal reflux disease. That’s the condition in which there’s a backwash of acid and/or stomach contents into the esophagus occurring often enough to do harm. The esophagus is the tube through which the food we eat passes from mouth to stomach. Then, what we eat is churned up and broken down by the actions of the stomach’s muscles aided by acids and enzymes. At the junction of the esophagus and the stomach, there’s a valve that allows food to pass into the stomach but optimally doesn’t allow it to go back up. And good thing, as the cells of the esophagus are not as resistant as are those of the stomach and they can be severely damaged by the reflux of acidic stomach contents. (As an aside, the fragility of the cells in the esophagus is one reason not to induce vomiting after ingesting certain caustic poisons; they can cause more damage coming back up than they can by staying in the stomach until they can be medically managed.) However, if this valve (called the LES or lower esophageal sphincter) weakens or fails, the stomach contents can indeed leak back into the esophagus, and over time, this can lead to the wearing away of the walls of the esophagus (erosions), the narrowing of it


(strictures), and even cellular changes called Barrett’s esophagus, which has been linked to an increased risk of cancer. Heartburn, that uncomfortable, burning sensation behind the breastbone occurring most often after a big meal or when lying down, is the most common symptom of GERD. However, even if you have never felt heartburn, it doesn’t mean you don’t have GERD as it, too, can be silent or have symptoms we might attribute to other causes. Rather than heartburn, what you may experience if you have GERD might be frequent:

begin, there needs to be recognition of GERD’s often vague and seemingly unrelated symptoms and an appreciation that if we suspect for even a moment that we may have (silent) GERD, we

must bring it to our doctor’s attention. Gloria May is a registered nurse with a master’s degree in adult health education and a Certified Health Education Specialist designation.


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• Unpleasant, bitter tastes in your mouth • Episodes of food getting “stuck” in your esophagus • Bad breath • Coughing because acid irritates the nerves in the esophagus and causes the body to try to cough away the irritant • Chest pain not related to heart problems • “Lumps” in your throat or hoarseness in your voice • Nausea, abdominal bloating, excessive burping • Damage to the enamel of your teeth Chronic reflux of stomach contents and the damage it can cause can be managed with lifestyle changes and medications. Rarely is surgery required and only if the damage is severe. But first, before any treatment can

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November 2012


The Green Mountain Gardener

Introducing Children to Fall Gardening Fun Dr. Leonard Perry ertrude Jekyll, the celebrated English garden writer, thought so much of introducing children to the joy of gardening that she devoted a classic 1908 book, Children and Gardens, to the subject. In it she suggested that “autumn is the time to plant little gardens.” Many grandparents find gardening an excellent way to spend quality time with their grandchildren, teach lessons such as environmental awareness and the workings of nature, and have a liberal dose of good, old-fashioned family fun. Jekyll had an additional thought. She felt that it was not so much the vegetable or flower garden but the pure fun of digging in the dirt that was the real key to instilling an interest in gardening in children. Fall, with its many garden tasks, offers plenty of this kind of fun. Raking leaves into piles, for example, is work to an adult but can be satisfying for a child.


Planting is another pleasant chore for young and old. Autumn is the season to plant trees, turf grasses, and springblooming flower bulbs such as tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, and crocuses. Children will especially have fun with “naturalizing,” the planting of bulbs to achieve a natural look. It’s easy to do. Just grab a handful of bulbs, toss them out on the target area, and plant them where they fall. Fall is also the season to reseed the lawn, fix bare spots, or even renovate the entire lawn. Although a full-scale renovation is probably not a job for children, reseeding small areas can be fun for them. Their active participation in the process may help parents convince them

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to stay off newly seeded areas, thus giving the new grass a chance. In her writings, Jekyll suggested that children begin their gardening experience by helping their parents tend to existing plantings. Later, they should be given a spot of their own in which to create a small garden. She advised her readers not to put the children’s garden in a marginal area or back corner but to give them a prime location where they can take pride in showing off their accomplishments. Jekyll also firmly stated that “children should be provided with proper tools.” In her day, acceptable implements had to be custommade by clever country blacksmiths. Today, child-sized tools, including trowels, spades, rakes, hoes, blunt

weeding tools, small wheelbarrows, and baskets for weeding and harvesting, are available through mail-order catalogs or many garden centers. Of course, fall with its apple picking, pumpkin carving, and many outdoor activities is only the beginning of gardening as a family. Come spring, when you are enjoying your new lawn or spring-flowering bulbs, take time to involve your children in planning and planting the flower and vegetable garden. Gertrude Jekyll, thinking back to her own youth, wrote that she thought at that time there were “only two types of people in the world—children and grown-ups— and that the world really belonged to children. And I think it is because I have been more or less a gardener all my life that I still feel like a child in many ways.” Dr. Leonard P. Perry is an extension professor at the University of Vermont.

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Tax-Prep Volunteers Needed United Way of Lancaster County’s Volunteer Income Tax Assistance program, VITA, needs additional volunteers in order to meet its 2013 goal of helping local 2,900 taxpayers. VITA has been awarded a $54,700 grant from the Internal Revenue Service and will expand in 2013 to reach more low- to moderate-income families. Now in its sixth year supported by United Way, VITA offers free federal, state, and local tax-return preparation for households whose income in 2012 was $50,000 or less. In 2013, the VITA program has set its sights on reaching 2,900 clients and helping to achieve refunds of $3.6 million. In serving that number of


clients, the VITA program will save taxpayers upwards of $570,000. In 2012, 153 volunteers contributed to the success of the program. In order to meet their goal in 2013, United Way will need the help of additional community volunteers—both English and Spanish speaking. United Way provides free training to individuals willing to commit to volunteering their time during the tax season to prepare taxes for clients. The usual commitment is three to six hours every week for about 10 weeks. If you are interested in signing up or learning more, contact Steve O’Neill at or (717) 824-8107.

from page 5

Seeking support for the unification of the 13 colonies, he cited the worthy example of “six nations of ignorant savages.” He was referring to the league of five tribes, formed in 1570, and joined much later by a sixth tribe. The tribes, through a Council of Sachems (leaders), each participated as equals in controlling relations among themselves and other tribes. The council served as the league’s central authority with power not given to it reserved to the individual tribes. This is believed to have inspired a key provision in the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789. The Iroquois League was not the only Native American confederacy. In the southeast the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, and Creek were members of a league that also dated to the 1500s. Joined later by the Seminoles, they became known to colonists as “the Five Civilized Tribes.” These tribes sought to deal with the United States as equals, but failed when President Andrew Jackson in 1830 signed the Indian Removal Act, exiling them to western territories. Indian trails often became roads for settlers. Indian villages near key waterways and trails became large cities. Among them are Chicago, Detroit, St. Louis, and Pittsburgh. The names of 20 states, located from Massachusetts to Arizona, are of Indian derivation as are names of many cities, counties, rivers, and lakes. Thanksgiving would be a vastly preferred holiday to combine with a Native American Day. In his report following his voyage to the Bahamas in 1492, Columbus acknowledged his gratitude when he wrote: “The people of this island are generous with what they have, to such a degree as no one would

believe, but he who had seen it.” Likewise, the English who established the ill-fated colony at Jamestown, Va., in 1607 depended on help from the native Powhatan to survive. They had settled on a marshland of stagnant water on the banks of the James River, entirely unsuited for farming. The Pilgrims, who landed in Plymouth, Mass., in 1620, fared much better. Early mentoring from Squanto, a Pawtuxet, in cultivating corn, drawing sap for maple syrup, and avoiding poisonous plants sustained them. In 1621 the Pilgrims invited 90 Wampanoag Indians to share a feast that lasted over three days—the first Thanksgiving. To the event the Indians brought five freshly killed deer. Harmonious relations with the Wampanoag lasted only 40 years. The time is overdue for other states, if not the federal government, to consider the California example. The Bureau of Indian Affairs indicates how belated this observance has become, reporting that in 1914, “Red Fox James, a Blackfoot Indian, rode horseback from state to state seeking approval for a day to honor Indians. “On Dec. 14, 1915, he presented the endorsement of 24 state governments at the White House. There is no record, however, of such a national day being proclaimed.” Walt Sonneville, a retired market-research analyst, is the author of My 22 Cents’ Worth: The Higher-Valued Opinion of a Senior Citizen, a book of personal-opinion essays, free of partisan and sectarian viewpoints. A Musing Moment: Meditative Essays on Life and Learning, was released in January 2012. Contact him at

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The Beauty in Nature

A Window to Great Horned Owls Clyde McMillan-Gamber n Lancaster County Central Park, where I work, partners of a pair of great horned owls repeatedly hooted “hoo, hoo, hoo-hoooooo, hoooooo” to each other most every late afternoon into early evening from late November 2011 until the middle of February 2012. I heard their almost-daily hooting among tall white pine trees that are their daytime roost and probably where they raised young in spring of 2012. Some late afternoons, loose groups of turkey vultures and black vultures, returning to their nightly roost, soared gracefully over the hooting horned owls. Other times, flocks of honking Canada geese, going to fields to feed, powered swiftly over the owls. And streams of American crows proceeding to their nightly perches flowed over the owls. Some crows, however, lingered a while to harass the owls, creating a racket.


Great horned owls are most often heard and seen in winter when actively courting and nest building. Their courtship hooting at dusk and dawn is an intriguing part of Lancaster County’s woodlands and older suburbs with their many tall trees. The owls’ loud, perhaps frightening, calling is particularly

thrilling during sunsets, but stirring anytime. Horned owls court and hoot mostly through December and remodel abandoned hawk, crow, or heron nests during January. Each female lays one to three eggs in her nursery by the end of that month. The young hatch late in February and fledge their nests by the

middle of April. But they still need to be fed until early June, when they are able to hunt young rodents, rabbits, and other abundant prey that are innocent and vulnerable. Occasionally I see a horned owl flying through woods or over fields at dusk anytime of year. They are large with big heads but don’t seem to have necks. Sometimes, too, I see one or a pair of them perched on the tops of evergreen trees or the bare limbs of trees. Their bulk and two erect feather tufts on their heads give away their identity. Listen and watch for horned owls in woods and older suburbs at dusk in winter. Hearing or seeing one or a pair is exciting and inspiring, particularly at sunset. Clyde McMillan-Gamber is a Lancaster County Parks naturalist.

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November 2012

He Survived 35 Combat Missions in a B-17 Bomber Robert D. Wilcox

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hen Bob Hansen grew up in After some intense training flights, Brooklyn, the neighborhood they were ready for their first combat was primarily home to mission on Sept. 5 to Ludwigshaven, working-class European immigrants. He Germany. How did that go? says that very few, including his family, “Well, we ran into heavy flak, but, ever owned or drove an automobile. So, fortunately, no fighters. Nobody got hurt, picturing himself although we saw flying a fourone of our B-17s engine airplane take a direct hit would have and explode with seemed pretty the loss of all 10 farfetched for men aboard. most people. But “On every not for him. mission, we saw Ever since he flak, with planes had become the being set on fire first-ever Eagle and blown apart Scout in his Boy all around us. Scout troop, he That was bad had enjoyed a enough, but I serious interest guess it never in mapping. And came home to us the U.S. Air quite like it did Force seemed to on our 12th mission, on Oct. him to be a 5, 1944. perfect place for “Our target someone was a synthetic oil interested in 1st Lt. Robert Hansen refinery in Politz, maps. So, in late upon his return from combat in Europe. Germany, where 1942, he our group lost enlisted in the seven aircraft and had severe damage to Army Air Corps and became an aviation 24 more. As for us, we lost our ball turret cadet designee. operator, who was killed by flak that In basic training at Atlantic City, he caught us squarely on the ball turret. was found to have a slight problem with None of us had seen death so close up, depth perception that would prevent his and it came home to us in a hurry. becoming a pilot … but not for “Also, one of our waist gunners was hit becoming a navigator. So he was off to by a piece of aluminum that had been navigator training at Selman Field, torn loose by a burst of flak. The Monroe, La., where he earned his aluminum was as sharp as a razor blade, navigator wings and a commission as a nd and it caught him squarely in his right 2 lieutenant. He was then assigned to a B-17 crew eye. He was covered with blood, and all at MacDill Field, Fla., and the crew went we could do for him was to bandage him through combat training there before and give him a shot of morphine to ease picking up a brand-new B-17G on their the pain. When we landed, the hospital way via the northern route to England. found it necessary to remove his eye. Hansen grins as he notes, “Lots of our “Then, on a mission to Mersburg, crew were from New York and New Germany, we lost two of our four engines England, so our pilot would wave our to flak and were able to crash land near wings as we flew over their hometowns as Liege, Belgium, in friendly territory. On we flew north to Maine, then to the way down, we were in and out of Labrador, Iceland, and finally to clouds, trying hard stay out of sight of Prestwick, Scotland. There we left our enemy aircraft, when, all of a sudden, a airplane and proceeded to our assignment P-51 showed up off our wing, with to the 351st Bomb Group, in Polebrook, wheels and flaps down. England.” “The pilot was using his hands to


point straight down. I looked to where he was pointing, and, sure enough, there was a small metal landing strip that was intended for fighters to make emergency landings. We managed to crash land on that little strip. Our bombardier was severely wounded in the landing, however, but the Army was able to get him to a hospital.” The crew completed their 35th and last mission on Jan. 17, 1945, and all but Hansen were returned to the U.S. He remained in Europe, assigned to the Air Transport Command, navigating C-54s across the Atlantic while bringing nurses

and other personnel back to the U.S. After his discharge in late 1945, Hansen attended Brooklyn Polytech, graduating as a civil engineer. He then

Bob Hansen, third from left in front row, in a picture of his crew in England.

worked for Exxon Mobil for 35 years as a licensed engineer, ultimately becoming senior advisor to management in the area of marketing operations and engineering.

In that capacity, he traveled worldwide, evaluating operations and reporting to management in New York. He retired from the company 1984. Hansen stayed in the Air Force Reserve and retired as a captain. After his wife, Judith, died in 2005, he came to a retirement home in Lancaster to be close to friends and to occasionally share with them tales of his experiences in having flown 35 bomber combat missions over Europe. Colonel Wilcox flew a B-17 bomber in Europe in World War II.

From Flu to Whooping Cough: Adults Need Vaccines Too While most people are aware of the need to vaccinate children, immunizations for adults are just as important. But unfortunately, adult immunization rates are well below government goals. According to the American College of Physicians, 40,000 to 50,000 adults die from vaccine-preventable diseases each year in the U.S. Knowing what vaccines to get and when to get them can be tricky,

especially if you have a complicated medical history. “By talking to your internist, you can assess your vaccination status and find out what steps you need to take to stay healthy,” says David L. Bronson, MD, FACP, president, American College of Physicians, a national organization of internal medicine physicians. Don’t wait until it’s too late. Be proactive and ask your physician at your next appointment what shots you are

due to receive. Here are some recommended immunizations to discuss: Flu/influenza. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all adults receive the influenza vaccine each year. Despite the wide accessibility of the shot, which is often administered in workplaces and retailers, only 39 percent of adults received the vaccine in the 2011-2012 flu season.

This season, be sure to protect yourself against the flu. The vaccine is especially important for seniors and those with chronic conditions for whom the flu can be life threatening. Just be aware that not all forms of the vaccine are recommended for everyone. If you have an immune system disorder, talk with your physician.

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November 2012


Silver Threads

From SEA to ? W.E. Reinka our trip plans may take you from sea to shining sea but, so far as the airlines are concerned, the only SEA you’ll see is Seattle-Tacoma Airport. IATA stands for International Air Transport Association, and it assigns a three-letter identifier code to every commercial airport in the world. You’re familiar with its codes from baggage tags. (By the way, IATA is pronounced “Eyeah-ta.”) It’s no mystery how IATA came up with BOS for Boston, STL for St. Louis or OAK for Oakland. But perhaps you’re wondering how it ever assigned MCI to Kansas City, IAD to Washington Dulles, or EWR to Newark? Turns out, there was method to the madness. Take Newark. When they started assigning IATA codes, certain prefixes were set aside. The Navy grabbed the “N” prefixes. Navy pilots train at NPA


(Navy Pensacola), for instance. Take away the “N” from Newark and EWR makes sense. Nacogdoches, TX? OCH. Likewise, prefixes beginning with W or K are generally not used for USA airports lest they be confused with radio station call letters. (Among the exceptions: WYS West Yellowstone, Mont.; WBW Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; KLS Kelso-Longview, Wash.) Where does that leave our nation’s capital and its three airports with WAS


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November 2012

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unavailable? Just up the road from Washington sits BWI— Baltimore Washington International. OK, that’s easy enough. But why is Ronald Reagan airport (the old “National”) DCA? Don’t make it harder than it is. Try District of Columbia Airport. That leaves IAD for Dulles. Dulles was going to be DIA (Dulles International Airport) but that was too easily confused with nearby DCA, especially when harried airline employees with bad handwriting were scribbling chalk letters on baggage carts. Stick the D at the end and International Airport Dulles doesn’t seem so crazy. Long before the Wright brothers defied gravity, the National Weather Service dotted stations around the country with two-letter city codes. Later, IATA adopted some of those by simply adding an X. That’s why we might fly from Portland, Ore. (PDX), to Los Angeles (LAX). Speaking of the Wright brothers, that sandy Kitty Hawk, N.C., strip is designated FFA for First Flight Airport. Some airports take the initials of their namesakes—JFK for New York’s Kennedy Airport or CDG for Charles De Gaulle Airport in Paris. PHF still applies to Newport News/Williamsburg International from its days as Patrick Henry Field. JFK Airport is a rarity in that it changed IATA codes from IDL when it changed its name from Idlewild. Usually once a code is assigned, it stays assigned. So if you hop on board a flight to Indianola, Miss., and you have a really old pilot, you might want to make sure he doesn’t head for New York, seeing how Indianola took over Idlewild’s discarded IDL. An IATA code that starts with Y

probably means you’re bound north because the designators for literally hundreds of Canadian airports begin with Y. Detroit’s old Willow Run airport with YIP, a nod to nearby Ypsilanti, Mich., is one of just five U.S. exceptions to “Y means Canada.” Henry Ford’s mile-long Willow Run assembly line turned out a B-24 every 63 seconds by the end of World War II, but when commercial jet travel took off, Willow Run gave way to Detroit Metro (DTW). Why the W? Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport. Who wants to be FAT? It’s not so bad for Fresno Air Terminal. How do they get CMH out of Columbus? From Columbus Municipal Hangar. Puzzled on CVG being Cincinnati? You’ll understand when I explain that Cincinnati’s airport actually sits across the Ohio River in Covington, Ky. Here’s a stumper. Out of all the “San” and “Santa” cities in California, which airport carries the SAN code? Try San Diego. File MCI for Kansas City under “too late now.” Because of the initial letter K restrictions, the original Kansas City airport was MKC (Missouri Kansas City). When they started planning a big new airport, someone decided that MidContinent International sounded pretty darned fancy and got the MCI designation. Before the airport opened, local politicians decided to change the name to Kansas City International Airport so that travelers would recognize their fair city. Meantime, it was too late to change the MCI code. OK, I’ve kept you in suspense long enough. You’re wondering about ORD for Chicago O’Hare, aren’t you? Midway (MDW), its cross-town rival, was bursting at the seams as the world’s busiest airport in the early days of jet travel. Officials decided to build a huge new airport out northwest of town where there was a tiny airstrip that had been renamed for heroic Navy pilot Lt. Cmdr. Butch O’Hare. As MCI will vouch, once you get an IATA code it’s almost impossible to change it. What was the name of the little strip before they changed it to O’Hare? Orchard Field—ORD.

Solutions for all puzzles can be found on page 18 WORD SEARCH

Across 1. Things on a list 6. Grease container 9. Bear with the biggest chair 13. Halves of diameters 14. He followed “Give ’em Hell Harry” 15. Underneath 16. Bornean ape 17. NFL QB ___ Newton 18. Knightly cover 19. Party choice 21. It narrows the field 23. Usually comprised of 6–12 games in tennis 24. Often the object of desire in old spy movies Down 1. Used for smoothing 2. Tropical tuberous root 3. Edible and often encased in red covering 4. Tiny cars 5. Seal on a document 6. What Paul Ryan hopes for 7. Theodor Geisel, ___, Dr. Seuss 8. Allegro and lento, in music 9. Chemically induced curls 10. ____-Ata, Kazakhstan 11. “Give me your tired, your ____, ...” 12. Not functioning properly 15. Alderman in Scotland 20. Short composition for solo instrument

25. 28. 30. 35. 37. 39. 40. 41.

It often draws a crowd at parties South American Indian people He defeated both Taft and Roosevelt Ailments American Girl, e.g. Each and all Blowout Former American Idol judge, given name 43. Word of mouth 44. Chose instead 46. ____ Turner 47. A presidential power 48. Evening worship 50. America’s singing favorite

52. 53. 55. 57. 61. 65.

22. 24. 25. 26. 27. 29. 31. 32.

49. The ___ Pack 51. Potentially existing but not presently evident 54. Beyond suburban 56. Pertaining to hair 57. Immense 58. Malaria symptom 59. Loch ____ 60. Army group, e.g. 61. Chicken house 62. Edible tubes 63. Et alibi 64. Jodie Foster’s 1994 drama 67. Civil rights advocate ___ Wells

33. 34. 36. 38. 42. 45.

Sashimi quality Hannibal Lecter, e.g. Russia’s famous ballet troupe Run off, as in lovers Supplies with an excess of Race measurement City in West Ukraine People of the land of silk, to ancient Greeks Candidates do much of this Stocking fiber Pas in ballet, e.g. Give temporarily Actress Watts Political showdown

66. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74.

Former title of Barack Obama Symbol of country life It usually comes with a key Island nation of South Pacific One with a vote One is usually alongside either candidate Home of 2016 Olympics High society “Wake Up Little _____” Much ____ About Nothing Relating to birth Opportunity to show one’s knowledge Down and back in a pool Sol-fa-sol-fa-sol-fa, e.g.

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November 2012


Social Security News

The Hunt is Afoot for Medicare Part D By John Johnston Hunting season is open. But rather than hunting for game, may we recommend setting your sights for the Part D Medicare prescription drug plan that’s best for you? If you currently are enrolled in Medicare and are considering changes to your Medicare Part D plan, act now. The “open season” runs from Oct. 15 to Dec. 7. The Medicare Part D prescription drug program is available to all Medicare beneficiaries to help with the cost of medications. Joining a Medicare prescription drug plan is voluntary, and participants pay an additional monthly premium for the coverage. While all Medicare beneficiaries can participate in the prescription drug program, some people with limited income and resources also are eligible for Extra Help to pay for monthly premiums, annual deductibles, and prescription co-payments. Extra Help is


• Support other family members who live with you • Have earnings from work • Live in Alaska or Hawaii 2. Resources limited to $13,070 for an individual or $26,120 for a married couple living together. Resources include such things as bank accounts, stocks, and bonds. We do not count your house or car as resources. You can complete an easy-to-use online application for Extra Help at Click on Medicare

on the top right side of the page. Then click on “Get Extra Help with Medicare Prescription Drug Plan Costs.” To apply by phone or have an application mailed to you, call Social Security at (800) 772-1213 (TTY (800) 325-0778) and ask for the Application for Extra Help with Medicare Prescription Drug Plan Costs (SSA-1020). Or go to your nearest Social Security office. And if you would like more information about the Medicare Part D prescription drug program, visit or call (800) MEDICARE ((800) 633-4227; TTY (877) 486-2048). So this open season, hunt for something that could put an extra $4,000 in your pocket—bag the best Medicare prescription drug plan for you and see if you qualify for Extra Help through Social Security. That’s a trophy worth displaying in your den. John Johnston is a Social Security public affairs specialist.

years and older, but is especially important for pregnant women, adults who are in contact with infants, and healthcare professionals. If you are not sure if you’re due, check with your doctor about getting vaccinated. Measles, mumps, and rubella. If you never had these diseases as a child, or were not immunized against them, talk with your internist. These diseases, which can have serious complications for adults,

are highly contagious and can be caught just by talking with an infected person. One series of two shots protects you. Pneumococcal. Infections of the lungs, blood, or brain caused by this bacteria lead to 22,000 deaths each year in the U.S. A single shot protects against them. If you have chronic health conditions or you’re over 65 and your pneumococcal vaccination was more than five years ago,

ask your internist if you need a booster. More information on adult immunizations can be found at So much of your health is based on chance. Keeping up with adult vaccinations is one way you can take control of your health and safety. If you can’t remember the last time you were immunized, talk to your doctor about getting back on track. (StatePoint)

Puzzles shown on page 17

Puzzle Solutions

1. Income limited to $16,755 for an individual or $22,695 for a married couple living together. Even if your annual income is higher, you still may be able to get some help with monthly premiums, annual deductibles, and prescription co-payments.

Some examples where your income may be higher include if you or your spouse:

from page 15

Tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough. According to the CDC, 5 percent of adults with whooping cough are hospitalized or have complications, including pneumonia and death. Protect yourself against this dangerous disease, as well as diphtheria and tetanus, by getting the Tdap vaccination. Follow up with booster tetanus (Td) shots every 10 years. Tdap vaccination is recommended for nearly all adults, including persons 65


estimated to be worth about $4,000 per year. Many people qualify for these big savings and don’t even know it. To figure out whether you are eligible for Extra Help, Social Security needs to know your income and the value of any savings, investments, and real estate (other than the home you live in). To qualify, you must be receiving Medicare and have:

November 2012

50plus SeniorNews •

You May Be Diabetic – and Not Even Know It Diabetes is • Increased thirst November is widespread in the American Diabetes • Excessive hunger United States, and the • More frequent urination Month epidemic is complicated • Unexplained weight loss by the fact that many people suffering from • Fatigue the more common • Increased irritability form, type 2 diabetes • Blurry vision (also referred to as • Frequent infections “adult onset diabetes”), may not be aware of it. • Slow-healing cuts or Diabetes is a disease sores that interferes with your • Patches of dark skin body’s ability to process glucose, which is • Itchy skin needed to produce a healthy amount of • Tingling or numbness in the hands and energy. Either your pancreas doesn’t feet produce sufficient insulin to break down the glucose in the food you eat, or your If you’re experiencing these symptoms, cells are unable to process it. your best bet is to see a doctor and get Because the symptoms can develop your glucose level measured right away. slowly and are easy to ignore for a long Most forms of diabetes can be treated time, be on the lookout for these clues: through medication and lifestyle changes.

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Savvy Senior

The Best Foods for Older Diabetics Jim Miller Dear Savvy Senior, My 62-year-old husband was just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. As the cook in the family, I’m interested in finding out the best diabetic foods that he should now be eating, and where I can put my hands on some good diabetic cookbooks.What can you tell me? – Diabetic Caretaker Dear Caretaker, Eating healthy is important for everyone, but it’s even more important for the nearly 26 million Americans who have diabetes—half of whom are over the age of 60. Here’s what you and your husband should know. Diabetic Super Foods A healthy diet, coupled with regular exercise and medication (if needed), are the keys to keeping your husband’s blood sugar under control. To help meet your

husband’s new dietary needs, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) offers a list of the top 10 super foods for type 1 and type 2 diabetics. These are foods that contain nutrients that are vitally important to people with diabetes, such as calcium, potassium, magnesium, and vitamins A, C, and E. They’re also high in fiber, which will help your husband feel full longer and keep his glycemic index low so his blood sugar won’t spike.

And, they’ll help keep his blood pressure and cholesterol in check, which are also critical for diabetics. Here’s what they recommend he eat plenty of. Beans: Kidney, pinto, navy, black, and other types of beans are rich in nutrients and high in soluble fiber, which will keep his blood sugar steady and can help lower his cholesterol. Dark-green, leafy vegetables: Spinach, collard greens, mustard greens,

Job Opportunities LANCASTER COUNTY EMPLOYERS NEED YOU!! Age 55 or over? Unemployed? The 55+ Job Bank is one of three services offered by Employment Unit at the Office of Aging. Jobs are matched with those looking for work. Based on an evaluation of your skills and abilities, we can match you with a position needed by a local employer. Some employers are specifically looking for older workers because of the reliability and experience they bring to the workplace. There is a mix of full-time and part-time jobs covering all shifts, requiring varying levels of skill and experience, and offering a wide range of salaries. The other services available through the Office of Aging are the Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP) and the regularly scheduled Job Search Workshops.

For more job listings, call the Lancaster County Office of Aging

at (717) 299-7979 or visit

Lancaster County Office of Aging 150 N. Queen Street, Suite 415 Lancaster, PA 20

November 2012

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kale, and other dark-green, leafy veggies are nutrient dense and low in calories and carbohydrates. Your husband can’t eat too much of these. Citrus fruits: Grapefruit, oranges, and other citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C, which helps heart health. Stick to whole fruits instead of juice. Fiber in whole fruits slows sugar absorption so your husband will get the citrus-fruit nutrients without sending his blood sugar soaring. Sweet potatoes: High in vitamin A and fiber and low on the glycemic index, sweet potatoes won’t raise your husband’s blood sugar at the same level as a regular potato. Berries: Whole, unsweetened blueberries, strawberries, and other berries are full of antioxidants, vitamins, and fiber. Choose fresh or frozen berries


RESERVATION AGENT – PT Local tourist destination is seeking reliable person to make reservations for guests, suggest plan options, provide travel advice/tourism information, route other calls to staff or offices, and handle online reservations. Must have strong customer service/computer skills. SN100047.01 ON-CALL CUSTODIANS – PT Suburban school district has an immediate need for temporary staff to handle various relief assignments at different locations. Duties include sweeping, mopping, waxing/buffing floors, dusting, restocking supplies, and trash removal. Requires background check. SN100054.02

VIEW OUR JOB LIST We list other jobs on the Web at ng. To learn more about applying for the 55+ Job Bank and these jobs, call the Employment Unit at (717) 299-7979. SN-GEN.03

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— Volunteer Opportunities — Do you belong to a service organization, civic group, or place of worship that is looking for a one-time volunteer opportunity? Are coworkers or administration at your workplace interested in volunteering in your community? If you answered yes to either of these questions, please mention Lancaster County Office of Aging as an option for fulfilling those goals while helping to meet the needs of older people in the community. The fall season provides many opportunities for one-time episodes of volunteering. Frequent requests for volunteer assistance include outside work like raking leaves, tidying flowerbeds, and washing windows. Group volunteer opportunities like these can be lots of fun for volunteers while providing valuable assistance to agency consumers. If you’d like more information, please contact Bev Via, volunteer coordinator, at (717) 299-7979.

for salads, smoothies, or cereal.

health and diabetes. But stay away from the breaded and deep-fried variety.

Tomatoes: Raw or cooked, this lowcalorie super food offers vital nutrients like vitamin C, iron, and vitamin E. Serve sliced, steamed, broiled, or stewed, as a side dish, in salads, soups, casseroles, or other dishes.

Whole grains: Pearled barley, oatmeal, breads, and other whole-grain foods are high in fiber and contain nutrients such as magnesium, chromium, folate, and omega-3 fatty acids.

Fish with omega-3 fatty acids: Salmon, mackerel, herring, lake trout, sardines, and albacore tuna are high in omega-3 fatty acids that help both heart

Nuts: An ounce of nuts can go a long way in providing your husband important “healthy fats” along with hunger management. They also contain a

nice dose of magnesium and fiber, but don’t overdo it. Nuts are high in calories, so a small handful each day is enough. Fat-free milk and yogurt: These dairy foods provide the calcium and vitamin D your husband needs, and they’ll also help curb cravings and between-meal snacks. More Information For additional information on healthy food choices for diabetics, including hundreds of free recipes, visit the ADA

website at and click on “Food & Fitness,” or call (800) 3422383 (press option No. 4) and ask them to mail you a copy of their free booklet, What Can I Eat? The ADA also offers a wide variety of diabetic cookbooks that you can purchase through their online store at or (800) 232-6455. Jim Miller is a regular contributor to the NBC Today show and author of The Savvy Senior Book.

Blood Pressure Out of Control for Too Many Americans The majority of people with high blood pressure are being treated with medicine and have seen a doctor at least twice in the past year, yet their condition is still not under control, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Millions more are either aware they have high blood pressure but aren’t getting treated with medicine or don’t even know they have it, the report says. Nearly one in three American adults (67 million) has high blood pressure, and more than half (36 million) don’t have it under control, according to the report.

“We have to roll up our sleeves and make blood pressure control a priority every day, with every patient, at every doctor’s visit,” said CDC Director Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH. “With increased focus and collaboration among patients, healthcare providers, and healthcare systems, we can help 10 million Americans’ blood pressure come into control in the next five years.” High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, the first and fourth leading causes of death in the United States, leading to nearly 1,000 deaths a day. High blood pressure is defined as

blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg. High blood pressure’s direct healthcare cost is almost $131 billion annually. Key facts in the Vital Signs report about those affected: • About 67 million adults have high blood pressure. • More than half (36 million) have uncontrolled high blood pressure. • Nearly 22 million know they have high blood pressure, but don’t have it under control. • 16 million take medicine, but still don’t

have their blood pressure under control. Pharmacists, nurses, dietitians, and community health workers can support doctors in identifying and treating patients with high blood pressure. This team-based approach is a way to provide patient support and follow-up care, manage medicines, and help patients stick to a blood pressure control plan. In addition, patients should be counseled to make important lifestyle changes that affect blood pressure, including eating a healthy, low-sodium diet; exercising; maintaining a healthy weight; and not smoking.

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November 2012



Cranberry Pecan Tarts By Pat Sinclair This seasonal tart highlights tangy and tart cranberries and newly harvested pecans. By preparing your own tart dough, you avoid having to waste the extra dough from a refrigerated piecrust. This recipe is really quick, but if you prefer, cut circles from refrigerated piecrust and press into the bottom and up the sides of two small tart pans. I always make four tarts when I take time to bake. The second two tarts can be frozen for later. Makes 4 servings 3/4 cup flour 3 tablespoons cold butter Pinch of salt 2 to 3 tablespoons sour cream Filling 1/2 cup firmly packed brown sugar 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour Pinch of salt 3 tablespoons light corn syrup 1/2 teaspoon vanilla 1 large egg, beaten 1 tablespoon butter, melted 1/3 cup chopped fresh or frozen cranberries 1/4 cup toasted chopped pecans Heat the oven to 400 degrees F. Place the flour, salt, and butter in the bowl of a food processor and process until the mixture resembles coarse crumbs. Add the sour cream and process until the mixture begins to clump and come together, about 10 seconds. Add more sour cream if necessary. Shape dough into a ball and divide into fourths. Press into the bottom and up the sides of four 3- to 4-inch tart pans. Continue as directed in the recipe. Combine brown sugar, flour, and salt in a medium bowl. Add corn syrup, vanilla, and egg and mix until well combined. Stir in the cranberries and pecans. Divide into tart pans, using about 1/4 cup in each. Bake 25 to 28 minutes or until set in center and edges are browned. Cool on a wire rack and remove from the pans. Store in the refrigerator. Serve with whipped cream or ice cream.

Cook’s Note: Cranberries are in season this time of year and are featured in many holiday feasts. Using a serrated knife makes them easier to chop. One of the best things about cranberries is that they are easily frozen. Just place in a food storage bag and seal. Wash the berries before using them in pie, breads, or for sauce. You don’t need to thaw cranberries before using, but you may need to extend your baking time a little. Copyright by Pat Sinclair. Pat Sinclair announces the publication of her second cookbook, Scandinavian Classic Baking (Pelican Publishing), in February 2011. This book has a color photo of every recipe. Her first cookbook, Baking Basics and Beyond (Surrey Books), won the 2007 Cordon d’Or from the Culinary Arts Academy. Contact her at


November 2012

50plus SeniorNews •

from page 1

the mountain. As the weights become their heaviest, he will walk as far as 10 to 15 yards. His goal is to walk 10 yards with 700 pounds. “It’s tough to do, but I like doing it. It’s part of my life,” Jones said. The 60year-old has powerwalked for 34 years, more than half of his life. At first, Jones powerwalked at a local reservoir. “It’s really rough on the rocks,” he said. Later, he switched to Ski Roundtop, going up the Minute Man slope where the chair lifts and lodge are located. In order to get ready for his yearly powerwalk benefits, Jones trains for five months: four days a week for two to three hours. Jones trains so hard because when the weights are set on his neck, it can dislocate his shoulder. “I build calluses on my back and shoulders so I can handle that,” he said. Jones also noted that he does not and has never taken steroids. He is able to do his powerwalks only because of the intense workouts he does, he said. Once the powerwalk is done for the year, Jones puts the equipment away for a while and instead works out on the machines at his gym. “I do a lot of walking. You have to stay in shape to go up a mountain,” he said. Jones began his powerwalking journey at the age of 26 to build up his “bird legs,” he said. He would walk up 186 steps to his garage with the bar and plates behind his head, and when he was done, he would get some ice cream from the ice cream factory at the bottom of the steps. But he really likes to practice out in a field where nobody is around. He now practices at a 1-acre lot close to his home, which has an empty trailer where he is allowed to keep his equipment. “I’m always pumped up to practice. I can’t wait to do it. It’s in my blood. The older I get, the more I want to do it. I’ll know when it’s over when I don’t want to practice,” Jones said.

The idea of a benefit powerwalk began in 1978 when Jones was working as a bartender. Someone suggested he walk up the split in the mountain with his 160-pound weights to raise money for the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon. “It was 90 degrees that day,” he recalled. The following year, he wanted to do something for the little kids. “I saw what families go through and how lucky I was,” Jones said. “Davey Smith was the little guy that got me going. He had cancer, was in a wheelchair and going blind, but he made me smile.” Jones said Smith and his family’s situation hit him hard, so he decided to do something once a year for kids and their families. “Raising a lot of money was not my intention,” Jones said. “I have set no goals, so we won’t be disappointed. In this economy, whatever we get we’re grateful for. I’m glad to get something, is the way I always look at things. I do it for the personal satisfaction.” He has raised funds for Special Olympics and numerous other charities, “but I like (to raise money) for the little kids the best … I do a different person each year, and they never see me again because when I got close to little Davey, it hurt me.” This year, Jones will be raising funds for the Tuckey family in Biglerville. Sixyear-old Bekah Tuckey was diagnosed with leukemia in August 2011. All proceeds from the powerwalk— which will begin at 11 a.m. on Nov. 3 with a rain date of Nov. 4—go directly to the Tuckey family. Jones has a volunteer staff who will be collecting donations so that people know that none of it goes to himself, he said. To donate, make checks payable to Bekah Tuckey Power Walk Fund, Account No. 473817, Member’s 1st Federal Credit Union, 5000 Louise Drive, Mechanicsburg, PA 17055. T-shirts and bracelets also are available for purchase by calling (717) 433-4996 or on the day of the event.

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November 2012


The Squint-Eyed Senior

The Vegetarian’s Thanksgiving Theodore Rickard here’s something about the late fall season that makes the family huddle of the Thanksgiving feast particularly appropriate. Maybe it’s the cooler weather: at a hearthside with plenty of wood for the fireplace and the storm door on for the winter, we seem to sit closer together as we listen for the wind. We no longer set up card tables in the corners of the dining room and wherever we could in the living room and in the front hall, too, as the family population grew. These satellite places were filled with the older of our own offspring and their cousins while aunts and uncles took up the main table where their places were interspersed with the highchairs of the littlest ones. (From the present vantage point, it’s a bit difficult to realize that the youngster who spit up sweet potatoes on his aunt so many years ago is now county


prosecutor. Somehow that just doesn’t fit together.) These days there’s no room in the “dining area” of our condo for card tables. Besides, we’re invited to our daughter’s for dinner. She and our son-inlaw have a large dining room—and a “great room” with a giant TV and a game room with a pool table that’s used mostly to set things on. I don’t think they own any card tables. All of this reminds me of the year this same daughter, then a blooming 12 years of age or so, announced as dinner was served that she had become a confirmed vegetarian. I think her mother said something like

“that’s nice, dear,” and went right on passing the green bean casserole while still holding the cover of the vegetable dish in one hand and looking rather haplessly at the table to see if there wasn’t, after all, a clear space where she could put it down. The cover of her grandmother’s vegetable dish had to be placed upside down. This would, hopefully, keep the condensed steam from spilling onto the tablecloth. This concern ignored the reality that within minutes the cloth would be decorated with cranberry sauce, brown gravy, overturned glasses of juice and wine, and the usual mishaps that come from combining a crowded table and children.

Every holiday dinner we did the putdown-the-lid thing with the covered vegetable dishes. At first there were two of them whose flowery porcelain grandeur had survived a brief bout of family prosperity years ago. The problem was halved one year when an enthusiastic dish-drier, aged 7, dropped one lid. She was astonished when nobody seemed to really care. But the freshly announced vegetarian was not about to be ignored. “I don’t see how—” She made her voice ring loud and clear throughout the house, even overwhelming the clatter of everyone else. “I don’t see how you can just sit there and eat the carcass of a dead animal. It would make me sick!” Heavy emphasis on the “me” brought a momentary swiveling of heads. A couple of the younger children—girl cousins at the same card table—stopped chewing.

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Her younger brother asked if he could have her drumstick. “You can have my green bean casserole,” he offered. And when he laughed, she jumped from her chair to punch him. Somehow in the hubbub of portioning out the marshmallow topping for the sweet potatoes, along with the ritual turnips—of which everybody had to “at least try a couple bites”—and the ultimate objectives of the pies for dessert, the vegetarian issue was overlooked. After all, it had been only the month before that the now-vegetarian had started calling herself “Stephanie.” It took her mother and myself a week to figure out that this was a socially upscale move:

a frantic clinging to the sixth-grade ladder of social pecking order. Certainly, “Stephanie” did sound a lot more limousine than “Mary,” with which she’d been christened. And I think we were right in figuring that entering junior high had a lot to do with it. Anyhow, “Stephanie” didn’t last beyond Halloween. We all had bacon for breakfast the morning after thanksgiving. I think Stephanie did, too, but I was already late getting off to work and I forgot to look. A collection of Ted Rickard’s family-fun essays is titled Anything Worth Knowing I Learned from the Grandkids. It is now available in paperback on

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Stay Safe this Hunting Season Hunting season is underway, and both beginners and old pros are gearing up for adventure. But even the most seasoned hunters don’t know everything about their sport. Hunting can be dangerous, and experts warn that there is such a thing as getting too comfortable with firearms. “Everyone needs instruction,” says David E. Petzal, co-host of the Outdoor Channel show The Gun Nuts and coauthor of the new book, The Total Gun Manual: 335 Essential Shooting Skills. “Admitting what you don’t know is actually one of the most crucial steps toward becoming an expert shooter and a safer hunter.” With that in mind, Petzal and coauthor Phil Bourjaily are providing crucial safety tips to anyone planning to go hunting this season: • Every time you see a gun, pick one up, or point it, assume that it’s loaded and treat it accordingly. • Make sure your safety is always on and that the barrel is pointing down when you are walking or transporting your gun. When hunting with dogs, be sure the muzzle is level with the ground at the very least and preferably angled up in the air. • Never shoot at a sound or movement. Be absolutely sure that you’re shooting at an animal and that no people are anywhere near your target. • Wear at least the required amount of orange so you don’t become another hunter’s target. • Make sure all animals are dead before strapping them onto your vehicle.

• Wait until your kids are old enough to understand and follow rules before bringing them hunting. • Never climb a tree or over a fence with a loaded gun. • Keep your finger off the trigger until you’re ready to shoot. • Save those beers until the end of the day; it’s just plain common sense. • Look well beyond your target before you shoot. High-powered ammunition can travel up to 3 miles and still be deadly. • Hunt with a trusted buddy. If you’re alone, make sure that someone knows where you will be and when to expect you back. If you’re hunting with an unsafe shooter, you don’t need an excuse to leave. • If using a tree stand to hunt, don’t forget to wear a safety belt. • Be sure all your equipment is working properly and you know how to operate it before hunting. • Store and transport ammunition separately from guns. Keep everything under lock and key when it’s not in use. • It doesn’t take much effort to elevate your heart rate into the danger zone. Make sure you exercise regularly for better fitness on your hunt.

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Before heading out for your next big hunt, lock and load for your adventure by reviewing life-saving safety rules. (StatePoint)

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November 2012


The Search for Our Ancestry

Collateral Lines and Distant Relatives Angelo Coniglio ach genealogy researcher has his or her own reasons for wanting to find information about his family. The Roman orator and consul Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 BC – 43 BC) put it


this way: “To be ignorant of what occurred before you is to remain always a child. For what is the worth of human life, unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?”

Celebrate Those Strongly Tied Knots!

Are you or is someone you know commemorating a special anniversary this year? Let 50plus Senior News help spread your news—for free! We welcome your anniversary announcements and photos. Anniversaries may be marking any number of years 15 and over. (Fields marked with an * are required.) *Anniversary (No. of years) _________________________________________ *Contact name __________________________________________________ E-mail ________________________ *Daytime phone ___________________ *Husband’s full name _____________________________________________ Occupation (If retired, list former job and No. of years held)___________________ _____________________________________________________________ *Wife’s full maiden name __________________________________________ Occupation (If retired, list former job and No. of years held)___________________ _____________________________________________________________ *Couple’s current city and state __________________________________________ *Marriage date_____________ Location ______________________________ Children (name and city/state for each)_________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Number of grandchildren________ Number of great-grandchildren___________ Photos must be at least 4x6'' and/or 300 dpi if submitted digitally. Completed information and photo can be emailed to or mailed to:

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For many, the search is important only as it pertains to family members known by the researcher—father, mother, grandparents, and so on—and they show little interest in earlier generations, feeling no firsthand connection with them. Others are very interested only in their paternal line, the one that carries their own familiar surname. Still others search for both paternal and maternal lines but restrict their research to direct ancestors. I believe these approaches reduce the rewards genealogy can bring, and whether I am doing research on my own family or on families of others, I like to include “collateral lines.” These are lines or branches of a family tree that spread “sideways” rather than back in time. Your grandfather’s brother’s family and descendants are in a line that is “collateral” with yours, as are the families and descendants of the siblings of any of your direct ancestors. But even for those who want to know only about their direct ancestors, a little time spent on researching collateral lines may help you find valuable information about your direct line. Here’s an example. Say your great-grandfather was Joseph Baker, and his only child was your grandfather Sam Baker. You know he’s from a country (Ireland, Sicily, Greece, etc.) in which a man named his first son after his father, so you can reasonably assume that your great-great-grandfather’s name was also Sam Baker. But you don’t know Joseph’s father’s birth year or Joseph’s mother’s name. You do know that Joseph had a sister Rose, who married Peter Potter. You try multiple sources from the hometown of your great-grandfather and his sister, but the birth records are missing for the years in which they were born. If you insist on following only your direct line, you seem to have hit a “brick wall.” But if you’re flexible enough to bend your research to include your greatgrandfather’s sister Rose, you find that she had two boys and two girls, her second boy named Sam and her second girl named Mary. It’s reasonable to think that she followed a naming convention, and her parents (who were also your great-grandfather’s parents) were named Sam and Mary. Further investigation of Rose’s history

yields a record of her marriage to Peter Potter, and that record states her father’s name as Sam Baker, deceased, and her mother’s as Mary Miller, still living at the time of the marriage. You now know the names of Rose (and Joseph) Baker’s parents and whether they were alive or dead in the year of Rose’s marriage. You’ve cracked the “brick wall” and may now to be able to find records for your great-great-grandparents Sam Baker and Mary Miller. Following through with this collateral line, Rose Baker and Peter Potter’s children are your grandfather’s cousins, making them your first cousins, twice removed. Their children are your second cousins once removed, and their children are your third cousins! You would know about none of these blood relatives if you did not research a collateral line. I’ve had several personal experiences involving collateral lines. In one case, I helped a friend who was mainly interested in the relatives he personally remembered. I convinced him to trace back a little further, and we found that he had a great-great-grandmother named Luigia Coniglio. I had never heard of her, but when we traced her line (a collateral line, to my family), we found that she was a descendant of my fourth-greatgrandfather, and that my “friend” is actually my fifth cousin! Another advantage of tracing collateral lines is not only that it may, as in the case above, reveal distant living relatives. Those relatives may also have done research on their ancestors, who turn out to be your ancestors, and thereby may be able to give you information about your direct line that you did not previously have. This latter reason is why I post my family tree on sites such as and RootsWeb ( a distant relative may recognize a name in the tree and contact me with new information. Angelo Coniglio encourages readers to contact him by writing to 438 Maynard Drive, Amherst, N.Y. 14226; by email at; or by visiting Tips.htm. His new historical fiction novel, The Lady of the Wheel, is available through

Humane League Pet of the Month Spring Spring is a very affectionate 2-year-old cat who has a sweet and sophisticated personality. She likes to indulge in playtime now and then, but she also knows how to kick back and relax. Spring absolutely adores humans and is even one to give out kisses. When it comes to other animals, though, Spring’s inner diva comes out. This sweet lady will thrive in a home where she can be the sole object of your adoration. Brought to the shelter as a stray last March, Spring is more than ready for a family to call her own. Spring is already spayed, litter-box trained, and ready to become the perfect new addition to your loving home today. Spring ID No. 15682848 For more information, please contact the Humane League of Lancaster County at (717) 393-6551.

Have you photographed a smile that just begs to be shared? Send us your favorite smile—your children, grandchildren, friends, even your “smiling” pet!—and it could be 50plus Senior News’ next Smile of the Month! You can submit your photos (with captions) either digitally to or by mail to:

Dr. Christopher Shih Joins RGAL

Christopher Shih, MD

Regional Gastroenterology Associates of Lancaster (RGAL) is pleased to announce that Dr. Christopher Shih will be joining our practice in September 2012. Dr. Shih brings eight years of experience in Gastroenterology to our community. Dr. Shih is board-certified in Gastroenterology and obtained his education and training from some of the nation’s premier institutions: Harvard University (Undergraduate), Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (Doctor of Medicine), Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (Internship and Residency), and Johns Hopkins Hospital (Fellowship). Dr. Shih is a fellow of the American College of Gastroenterology with special interests in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), and Colorectal Cancer Screening. Dr. Shih is accepting new patients. To schedule an appointment, consult your primary care physician or call 717-544-3400.

50plus Senior News Smile of the Month 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512 Digital photos must be at least 4x6'' with a resolution of 300 dpi. No professional photos, please. Please include a SASE if you would like to have your photo returned.

Two Convenient Locations • Lancaster Health Campus • Oregon Pike-Brownstown 717.544.3400

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November 2012


Millions Won. Millions Win.

Actor Portrayals

Because of you, the Pennsylvania Lottery generated more than $1 billion last year to programs that beneďŹ t older Pennsylvanians. And to that, we say thanks. Every day. For more information, visit Must be 18 Years or Older to Play. Please Play Responsibly. Compulsive Gambling Hotline: 1-800-848-1880


November 2012

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