Page 1



$UWLFOH_)LUVW7KLQJV

7UDJLF:RUVKLS &DUO57UXHPDQ -XQH-XO\

7KHSUREOHPZLWKPXFK&KULVWLDQZRUVKLSLQWKHFRQWHPSRUDU\ZRUOG &DWKROLFDQG3URWHVWDQWDOLNHLVQRWWKDWLWLVWRRHQWHUWDLQLQJEXWWKDWLWLV QRWHQWHUWDLQLQJHQRXJK:RUVKLSFKDUDFWHUL]HGE\XSEHDWURFNPXVLF VWDQGXSFRPHG\EHDXWLIXOSHRSOHWDNLQJFHQWHUVWDJHDQGDFHUWDLQ DPRXQWRI+DOOPDUN&KDQQHOVHQWLPHQWDOLW\QHJOHFWVRQHFODVVLFIRUPRI HQWHUWDLQPHQWWKHRQHWKDWWHOOVXVWRTXRWHWKH%RRNRI&RPPRQ3UD\HU WKDW³LQWKHPLGVWRIOLIHZHDUHLQGHDWK´

,WQHJOHFWVWUDJHG\7UDJHG\DVDIRUPRIDUWDQGRIHQWHUWDLQPHQW KLJKOLJKWHGGHDWKDQGGHDWKLVFHQWUDOWRWUXH&KULVWLDQZRUVKLS7KHPRVW EDVLFOLWXUJLFDOHOHPHQWVRIWKHIDLWKEDSWLVPDQGWKH/RUG¶V6XSSHUVSHDN RIGHDWKRIEXULDORIDFRYHQDQWPDGHLQEORRGRIDERG\EURNHQ(YHQWKH FU\³-HVXVLV/RUG´DVVXPHVDQXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIORUGVKLSYHU\GLIIHUHQW WKDQ&DHVDU¶V&KULVW¶VORUGVKLSLVHVWDEOLVKHGE\KLVVDFULILFHXSRQWKH FURVV&DHVDU¶VE\SRZHU

3HUKDSVVRPHPLJKWUHFRLODWFKDUDFWHUL]LQJWUDJHG\DVHQWHUWDLQPHQWEXW WUDJHG\KDVEHHQDYLWDOSDUWRIWKHDUWLVWLFHQGHDYRUVRIWKH:HVWVLQFH +RPHUWROGRI$FKLOOHVVPDUWLQJIURPWKHGHDWKRIKLVEHORYHG3DWURFOXV UHOXFWDQWO\UHWXUQLQJWRWKHEDWWOHILHOGVRI7UR\+XPDQEHLQJVKDYHDOZD\V EHHQGUDZQWRWDOHVRIWKHWUDJLFDVWRWKRVHRIWKHFRPLFZKHQWKH\KDYH VRXJKWWREHOLIWHGRXWRIWKHSUHGLFWDEOHURXWLQHVRIWKHLUGDLO\OLYHV²LQ RWKHUZRUGVWREHHQWHUWDLQHG

)URP$HVFK\OXVWR7HQQHVVHH:LOOLDPVWUDJHGLDQVKDYHWKXVHQULFKHGWKH WKHDWHU6KDNHVSHDUH¶VJUHDWHVWSOD\VDUHKLVWUDJHGLHV:KRZRXOGUDQN &KDUOHV'LFNHQVRYHU7KRPDV+DUG\DQG-RVHSK&RQUDG"7UDJHG\KDV ZZZILUVWWKLQJVFRPDUWLFOHWUDJLFZRUVKLS






$UWLFOH_)LUVW7KLQJV

DEVRUEHGWKHDWWHQWLRQRIUHPDUNDEOHWKLQNHUVIURP$ULVWRWOHWR+HJHOWR 7HUU\(DJOHWRQ

&KULVWLDQZRUVKLSVKRXOGLPPHUVHSHRSOHLQWKHUHDOLW\RIWKHWUDJHG\RIWKH KXPDQIDOODQGRIDOOVXEVHTXHQWKXPDQOLIH,WVKRXOGSURYLGHXVZLWKD ODQJXDJHWKDWDOORZVXVWRSUDLVHWKH*RGRIUHVXUUHFWLRQZKLOHODPHQWLQJ WKHVXIIHULQJDQGDJRQ\WKDWLVRXUORWLQDZRUOGDOLHQDWHGIURPLWVFUHDWRU DQGLWVKRXOGWKHUHE\VKDUSHQRXUORQJLQJIRUWKHRQO\DQVZHUWRWKHRQH JUHDWFKDOOHQJHZHPXVWDOOIDFHVRRQHURUODWHU2QO\WKRVHZKRDFFHSWWKDW WKH\DUHJRLQJWRGLHFDQEHJLQWRORRNZLWKDQ\KRSHWRWKHUHVXUUHFWLRQ

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

<HWKXPDQOLIHLVVWLOOWUXO\WUDJLF'HDWKUHPDLQVDVWXEERUQRPQLSUHVHQW DQGLQHYLWDEOHUHDOLW\)RUDOORISRVWPRGHUQDQWLHVVHQWLDOLVPIRUDOOWKH UHSXGLDWLRQRIKXPDQQDWXUHIRUDOOWKHUKHWRULFRIVHOIFUHDWLRQGHDWK HYHQWXDOO\FRPHVWRDOOIUXVWUDWHVDOOOHYHOVDOO,WLVQRWVLPSO\DOLQJXLVWLF FRQVWUXFWRUDVRFLDOFRQYHQWLRQ<HWGHVSLWHWKLV:HVWHUQFXOWXUHKDV VORZO\EXWVXUHO\SXVKHGGHDWKWKHRQHLPSUHVVLYHLQHYLWDELOLW\RIKXPDQ OLIHWRWKHYHU\SHULSKHU\RIH[LVWHQFH

3DVFDOREVHUYHGWKHSUREOHPLQVHYHQWHHQWKFHQWXU\)UDQFHZKHQKHVDZ WKHREVHVVLRQZLWKHQWHUWDLQPHQWDVWKHRIIVSULQJRIWKHIDOOHQKXPDQGHVLUH WREHGLVWUDFWHGIURPDQ\WKRXJKWRIPRUWDOLW\³,KDYHRIWHQVDLGWKDWWKH ZZZILUVWWKLQJVFRPDUWLFOHWUDJLFZRUVKLS






$UWLFOH_)LUVW7KLQJV

VROHFDXVHRIPDQ¶VXQKDSSLQHVVLVWKDWKHGRHVQRWNQRZKRZWRVWD\TXLHWO\ LQKLVURRP´KHVDLG$QG³'LVWUDFWLRQLVWKHRQO\WKLQJWKDWFRQVROHVXVIRU PLVHULHVDQG\HWLWLVLWVHOIWKHJUHDWHVWRIRXUPLVHULHV´

7RGD\WKHSUREOHPLVHYHQJUHDWHU(QWHUWDLQPHQWKDVDSSDUHQWO\EHFRPH PDQ\SHRSOH¶VSULPDU\SXUSRVHRIH[LVWHQFH,GRXEWWKDWLWZRXOGVXUSULVH 3DVFDOWKDWWKHZRUOGKDVLQFUHDVHGWKHVL]HVFRSHDQGFRPSUHKHQVLYHQHVV RIGLVWUDFWLRQ,WZRXOGQRWSX]]OHKLPWKDWGHDWKKDVEHHQUHGXFHGWROLWWOH PRUHWKDQDFRPLFERRNFDUWRRQLQFRXQWOHVVDFWLRQPRYLHVRULQWRDPHUH PRPHQWDU\VHWEDFNLQVRDSRSHUDVDQGVLWFRPV,QGHHGKHZRXOGQRWILQGLW SHUSOH[LQJWKDWWKHEOHDNVSLULWXDOYLROHQFHRIPRUWDOLW\OHDYHVQRODVWLQJ PDUNRQWKHEHUHDYHGLQWKHVXUUHDO\HWVHGXFWLYHZRUOGRISRSXODU HQWHUWDLQPHQW

%XWKHPLJKWZHOOEHWDNHQDEDFNWKDWWKHFKXUFKHVKDYHVRHQWKXVLDVWLFDOO\ HQGRUVHGWKLVSURMHFWRIGLVWUDFWLRQDQGGLYHUVLRQ7KLVLVZKDWPXFKRI PRGHUQZRUVKLSDPRXQWVWRGLVWUDFWLRQDQGGLYHUVLRQ3UDLVHEDQGVDQG VRQJVRIWULXPSKVHHPGHVLJQHGLQIRUPDQGFRQWHQWWRGLVWUDFWZRUVKLSHUV IURPOLIH¶VPRUHGLIILFXOWUHDOLWLHV

(YHQIXQHUDOVWKHRQHUHOLJLRXVFRQWH[WZKHUHRQHPLJKWKDYHDVVXPHGWKH UHDOLW\RIGHDWKZRXOGEHXQDYRLGDEOHKDYHEHFRPHWKHFRQWH[WIRUWKDW PRVWJKDVWO\DQGLQFRKHUHQWRIDFWVWKHFHOHEUDWLRQRIDOLIHQRZHQGHG7KH 7ZHQW\7KLUG3VDOPDQG³$ELGHZLWK0H´ZHUHIXQHUDOVWDSOHVIRUPDQ\ \HDUVEXWQRWVRPXFKWRGD\5HIHUHQFHVWRWKHYDOOH\RIWKHVKDGRZRIGHDWK DQGWKHHEELQJRXWRIOLIH¶VOLWWOHGD\UHPLQGHUVERWKRIRXUPRUWDOLW\DQGRI *RG¶VIDLWKIXOQHVVHYHQLQWKHGDUNHVWRIWLPHVKDYHEHHQUHSODFHGDV IXQHUDOIDYRULWHVE\³:LQG%HQHDWK0\:LQJV´DQG³0\:D\´7KH WULFNOHGRZQHFRQRPLFVRIZRUVKLSDVHQWHUWDLQPHQWKDVUHDFKHGHYHQWKH ODVWULWHVIRUWKHGHSDUWHG

<HWWUDJHG\LVDYLWDOSDUWRIHQWHUWDLQPHQW$ULVWRWOHLQKLV3RHWLFVIDPRXVO\ DUJXHGIRUWKHSHUVRQDODQGVRFLDOEHQHILWVRIWUDJLFGUDPD7KHDXGLHQFH ZZZILUVWWKLQJVFRPDUWLFOHWUDJLFZRUVKLS






$UWLFOH_)LUVW7KLQJV

VZHSWXSLQWRWKHYHUWLJLQRXVPRUDOFULVHVWKHPDJQLILFHQWIODZVDQGWKH FDWDVWURSKLFIDOOVRIWKHKHURHVHQMR\HGWKHH[SHULHQFHRIFDWKDUVLV² UXQQLQJWKHJDPXWRIUHOHYDQWHPRWLRQV²ZLWKRXWEHLQJDJHQWVLQWKHHYHQWV GHSLFWHGRQWKHVWDJH7KH\OHIWWKHWKHDWHUFOHDQVHGE\WKHH[SHULHQFHDQG NQRZLQJPRUHGHHSO\ZKDWLWPHDQVWREHKXPDQ7KH\ZHUHZLVHUPRUH WKRXJKWIXODQGEHWWHUSUHSDUHGWRIDFHWKHUHDOLW\RIWKHLURZQOLYHV

2IDOOSODFHVWKH&KXUFKVKRXOGVXUHO\EHWKHPRVWUHDOLVWLF7KH&KXUFK NQRZVKRZIDUKXPDQLW\KDVIDOOHQXQGHUVWDQGVWKHFRVWRIWKDWIDOOLQERWK WKHLQFDUQDWHGHDWKRI&KULVWDQGWKHLQHYLWDEOHGHDWKRIHYHU\VLQJOH EHOLHYHU,QWKHSVDOPVRIODPHQWWKH&KXUFKKDVDSRHWLFODQJXDJHIRU JLYLQJH[SUHVVLRQWRWKHGHHSHVWORQJLQJVRIDKXPDQLW\ORRNLQJWRILQGUHVW QRWLQWKLVZRUOGEXWWKHQH[W,QWKHJUHDWOLWXUJLHVRIWKH&KXUFKGHDWK FDVWVDORQJFUHDWLYHFDWKDUWLFVKDGRZ2XUZRUVKLSVKRXOGUHIOHFWWKH UHDOLWLHVRIDOLIHWKDWPXVWIDFHGHDWKEHIRUHH[SHULHQFLQJUHVXUUHFWLRQ

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

,QP\RZQWUDGLWLRQWKHKLVWRULF6FRWWLVK3UHVE\WHULDQWUDGLWLRQWKHVRPEHU WHPSRVRIWKHSVDOWHUWKHKDXQWLQJFDOOVRIODPHQWDQGWKHPRUWDOIUDLOW\RI WKHXQDFFRPSDQLHGKXPDQYRLFHKHOSHGWRFRQQHFW6XQGD\ZRUVKLSWRWKH UHDOLWLHVRIOLIH7KHUHDUHLQGHHGSVDOPVRIMR\DQGWULXPSK7KHSDUHQWV UHMRLFLQJLQWKHELUWKRIDFKLOGFRXOGILQGZRUGVRIJUDWLWXGHWRVLQJWRWKH /RUGEXWWKHUHDUHDOVRSVDOPVZKLFKDOORZEHUHDYHGSDUHQWVWRH[SUHVV WKHLUJULHIDQGWKHLUVRUURZLQZRUGVRISUDLVHWRWKHLU*RG ZZZILUVWWKLQJVFRPDUWLFOHWUDJLFZRUVKLS






$UWLFOH_)LUVW7KLQJV

7KHSVDOPVDVWKHVWDSOHRI&KULVWLDQZRUVKLSZLWKWKHLUHOHPHQWVRI ODPHQWFRQIXVLRQDQGWKHLQWUXVLRQRIGHDWKLQWROLIHKDYHEHHQWRRRIWHQ UHSODFHGQRWE\VRQJVWKDWFDSWXUHWKHVDPHVHQVLELOLWLHV²DVWKHPDQ\JUHDW K\PQVRIWKHSDVWGLGVRZHOO²EXWE\WKRVHWKDWDVVHUWWULXPSKRYHUGHDWK ZKLOHQHYHUUHDOO\JLYLQJGHDWKLWVGXH7KHWRPELVFHUWDLQO\HPSW\EXWZH DUHQRWVXUHZK\LWZRXOGHYHUKDYHEHHQRFFXSLHGLQWKHILUVWSODFH

2QO\WKHGHDGFDQEHUHVXUUHFWHG$VWKHVHFRQGWKLHIRQWKHFURVVVDZVR FOHDUO\&KULVW¶VNLQJGRPLVHQWHUHGWKURXJKGHDWKQRWE\HVFDSHIURPLW 7UDGLWLRQDO3URWHVWDQWLVPVDZWKLVFRQQHFWLQJEDSWLVPQRWWRZDVKLQJVR PXFKDVWRGHDWKDQGUHVXUUHFWLRQ3URWHVWDQWOLWXUJLHVPDGHVXUHWKDWWKH ODZZDVUHDGHDFKVHUYLFHLQRUGHUWRUHPLQGWKHSHRSOHWKDWGHDWKZDVWKH SHQDOW\IRUWKHLUVLQ2QO\WKHQDIWHUWKHODZKDGSURQRXQFHGWKHGHDWK VHQWHQFHZRXOGWKHJRVSHOEHUHDGFDOOLQJWKHPIURPWKHLUJUDYHVWRIDLWK DQGWRUHVXUUHFWLRQOLIHLQ&KULVW7KHFRQJUHJDQWVWKHUHE\EHFDPHYLFDULRXV SDUWLFLSDQWVLQWKHJUHDWGUDPDRIVDOYDWLRQ

7KHUHZDVVXUHO\FDWKDUVLVLQVXFKZRUVKLS7KHFRQJUHJDQWVOHIWHDFKZHHN KDYLQJIDFHGWKHGHHSHVWUHDOLW\RIWKHLURZQGHVWLQLHV3HUKDSVLWLVLURQLF EXWWKHFKXUFKWKDWFRQIURQWVSHRSOHZLWKWKHUHDOLW\RIWKHVKRUWQHVVRIOLIH OLYHGXQGHUWKHVKDGRZRIGHDWKSUHSDUHVWKHPIRUUHVXUUHFWLRQEHWWHUWKDQ WKHFKXUFKWKDWJRHVVWUDLJKWWRUHVXUUHFWLRQWULXPSKDOLVPZLWKRXWWKDW DZNZDUGPRUWDOLW\ELW

%RQKRHIIHURQFHDVNHG³:K\GLGLWFRPHDERXWWKDWWKHFLQHPDUHDOO\LV RIWHQPRUHLQWHUHVWLQJPRUHH[FLWLQJPRUHKXPDQDQGJULSSLQJWKDQWKH FKXUFK"´:K\LQGHHG0D\EHWKHVLWXDWLRQLVHYHQZRUVHWKDQ,KDYH GHVFULEHGSHUKDSVWKHFKXUFKHVDUHHYHQPRUHWULYLDOWKDQWKH HQWHUWDLQPHQWLQGXVWU\$IWHUDOOLQSRSXODUHQWHUWDLQPHQWRQHGRHV RFFDVLRQDOO\ILQGWKHWUDJLFFOHDUO\DUWLFXODWHGDVLQWKHPRYLHVRID&RSSROD RUD6FRUVHVH

ZZZILUVWWKLQJVFRPDUWLFOHWUDJLFZRUVKLS






$UWLFOH_)LUVW7KLQJV

$FKXUFKZLWKDOHVVUHDOLVWLFYLHZRIOLIHWKDQRQHFDQILQGLQDPRYLH WKHDWHU")RUVRPHWKDWPLJKWEHDQDPXVLQJHYHQHQWHUWDLQLQJWKRXJKW IRUPHLWLVDWUDJHG\

&DUO57UXHPDQLV3DXO:RROOH\3URIHVVRURI&KXUFK+LVWRU\DW :HVWPLQVWHU7KHRORJLFDO6HPLQDU\ Â&#x2039;&RS\ULJKW),5677+,1*6 _9LVLWZZZ)LUVW7KLQJVFRPIRUPRUHLQIRUPDWLRQ

ZZZILUVWWKLQJVFRPDUWLFOHWUDJLFZRUVKLS



Tragic Worship by Carl R. Trueman  

http://www.firstthings.com/article/2013/05/tragic-worship

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you