NORTHWEST LEAF THE PATIENT’S VOICE since 2010
“IT’S NOT A RECORD
september 2014 issue #51
UNTIL WE SMOKE IT.” Joint artist Tony Greenhand was responsible for rolling three pounds of pot into more than 300 pieces of 24-karat gold rolling papers to create this joint, passed around for hours at Harvest Fest in Bow, Wash. on Aug. 23.
E R O L EXP
S E C A L P NEW
G A R E V A E H T E ESCAP
Join us for unique events at each of our discoverable collectives.
Our patients are like family. We want to share memorable experiences with each and every one of them. Please visit our website to see a calendar of events and specials. Have an idea for a event? Let us know. We are always listening.
S E V I T C COLLE
• Raffles • Barbeques • Car Washes • Blood Drives • Lady's Nights • Daily Specials • Madden To
Have a Heart Aurora 11736 Aurora Ave North, Seattle, WA 98133 Fremont Gardens 316 N. 36th Street, Seattle, WA 98103 Have a Heart Monroe 14510 SR 2, Snohomish, 98290 Have a Heart Cafe 4500 9th Ave NE, Seattle, WA 98105 Have a Heart Wenatchee 3014 G S Center Road, Wenatchee WA, 98801 Amsterdam Exchange Farmers Market 13524 Lake City Way NE, Seattle WA 98125
TACOMA’S BEST MEDICINE SELECTION
8236 PACIFIC AVE S. / 253 472-0192 / SEATTLEMC.COM /
Seattle 3rd Annual
U.S. CANNABIS CUP September 6-7, 2014 Comcast Arena
2000 Hewitt Avenue | Everett, WA 98201
Celebrate all weekend long with music, parties, cannabis competition, expo, seminars, activism and more ! The worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ultimate marijuana awards return to Seattle for the High Times U.S. Cannabis Cup competition.
U.S. CAnnAbiS CUp AwArdS Will be presented for the best:
MIndica MSativa MHybrid MConcentrate MEdible MProduct MBooth MGlass Art Saturday night party featuring
Performing bob Marleyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Album Legend in its entirety!
Sunday: U.S. Cannabis Cup award show For tickets & more info visit
VISIT NWLEAF.COM |
FOLLOW US @NWLEAF
| EMAIL NWLEAF@GMAIL.COM
nj wEEDMAN ED FORCHION
was one of the few hundred thousand people who attended Seattle Hempfest, the largest pot and hemp protestival in the world last month.
We all have to get along
Strain of the Month
CannaCon at the Dome
Harvest Fest Coverage
NATIONAL NEWS....................10 OPINION LETTER.........................14 PRISON DISPATCH......................16 HARVEST FEST...........................26 POT YOGA.................................46 3,000 MILES..............................50 TASTY RECIPES..........................54 CONCENTRATES........................58 MICRO STRAINS.........................64 HEALTH & SCIENCE ...................70 GROWTECH............................74 BEHIND STRAIN.........................78
COVER & CONTENTS PHOTOS by Daniel Berman/Northwest Leaf
SEATTLE HEMPFEST REHASHED 18
The CannaSnob submits their opinion No smoke, just business to business The third-annual Bow, Wash. event
Green Lion Farms
Explosive growth at a Seattle company
Bud shots, up-close and personal
How pot may help or hinder yoga
Three tasty Canna recipes to try
Dr. Scandersonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s GrowTech tips
ARCHIVES >> issuu.com/nwleaf
“THE PETROCHEMICAL PHARMACEUTICAL MILITARY INDUSTRIAL TRANSNATIONAL ELITE FASCIST SNOBS ARE THE WHOLE REASON THIS PLANT IS ILLEGAL, AND THEY MADE UP A LIE.”
Photo by Daniel Berman/Northwest Leaf
VISIT NWLEAF.COM |
FOLLOW US @NWLEAF
| EMAIL NWLEAF@GMAIL.COM
editor’s note Thank you for checking out the 51 st issue of northwest leaf! We must be grateful for everything we have for medical patients in Washington state
aul Stanford is a true Cannabis activist and hero. I had the unique pleasure of visiting with him at a legendary grow site down in Portland this month, where I got to hear his story that begins in 1978 with a joint in front of the White House. Learn more about the man behind THCF, who has given away over 2,240 pounds of Cannabis in his lifetime. Inside you can read about my interview with Chris Kelly from Green Lion Farms in Seattle. GLF is doing big things, not just for the Cannabis industry but for the world! Can you say industrial hemp? They’ve got a whole business plan just for hemp alone. This month also features the story of Angie Romainger, who moved here all the way from Virginia to have access to medical Cannabis. Hear her inspiring story and share it with a family member or friend from out of state. And remember, until everyone in the country
is free to grow the plant it is not truly legal. Tyler Markwart has a cool article this month on using Cannabis with Yoga, there’s a sweet strain and concentrate of the month, and we rehash Hempfest and Harvestfest. We also covered CannaCon in its first appearance in the Northwest. It was the first business-to-business networking event in the region, and you can find out where they are heading next in the article. There’s great new recipes, new growtech and behind the strain from Dr. Scanderson, and Dr. Rose takes you into the science behind grounding your energy, and what you can do to naturally balance your aura in a positive way. Overall this is another compelling issue, and I hope you’ll enjoy it and share the good news about Cannabis with family and friends.
~ Wes Abney
Contact Northwest Leaf editor Wes Abney to discuss advertising or displaying our magazine in a new location. We want to hear from you! Feel free to send submissions, share news tips, your take on a story or one we should hear.
Phone 206-235-6721 Email email@example.com
Spreading the word at Seattle Hempfest
FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.
Wes Abney PHOTOGRAPHER & DESIGNER
Daniel Berman CONTRIBUTORS STEVE ELLIOTT TYLER J. MARKWART BOB MONTOYA DR. SCANDERSON DR. SCOTT D. ROSE LAURIE WOLF & BRUCE WOLF
Department of Corrections
No errors to report for last month, but we always appreciate reader feedback. Drop us an email and give us your take!
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Oregon Bans Medic al Mar i j uan a Us e By Day Car e Pr o v i de r s
ome-based day care centers cannot be run care facilities while they are under the influence. by medical marijuana patients, an Oregon Medical marijuana advocates objected to the rulstate board ruled in early August. ing, saying child care providers aren’t prohibited The decision was prompted by revelations that the from using other medications, including painkillers. owners of at least five home-based day care centers “You don’t make these kind of requirements for had medical marijuana cards and were allowed to people that are using Vicodin,” patient advocate Anuse Cannabis on the premises. In one instance, the thony Taylor told the Associated Press. “You don’t manager and owners of the Alphamake these kinds of requirements for bet Academy Learning Center in people who are using methadone.” Management and Salem were seen taking bong hits “This effectively takes child care at the facility while children were away from any parent that has a owners were seen nearby, according to TV news stamedical marijuana card,” Taylor said. taking bong hits tion KOIN 6. “The chair conveyed the message One center had already been shut that we were saving the children in the backyard, down for unrelated rules violafrom marijuana.” with kids nearby, tions, but the owners of four others The rule takes effect immediately and will have to choose between using lasts six months. The Early Learning at a Salem facility. medical marijuana or running a Council will consider a permanent childcare business. rule in January, after voters consider Medical marijuana has long been viewed as a prilegal recreational marijuana on November’s ballot. vate matter in Oregon, and the state didn’t disclose “Whether we’ve got it right in this document the presence of marijuana to parents of children who remains to be seen,” council member Norm Smith were in such centers. But state officials changed that told the Associated Press. after the media reports and Democratic Gov. John “This is the starting place. I will support it today, Kitzhaber was attacked by his GOP rival. but I don’t know where I will be in six months.” “Marijuana consumption should not and cannot “I have some concerns about the broader implicabe tolerated within a child care environment licensed tions,” said council member Eva Rippeteau. by the state,” Kitzhaber said in a released statement. “Especially for in-home providers, we are opening “There’s a question about whether or not someup their entire house to be subject to the business. body who’s under the influence of cannabis can reShouldn’t they have a little bit of area that’s theirs?” ally provide that quality early learning experience,” The rule allows others who live in the same home, said Early Learning Council chairwoman Pam Curbut aren’t licensed child care providers, to hold tis, according to an Associated Press story. “What medical marijuana cards, but Cannabis can’t ever the council said today was, ‘We don’t think so.’ ” be stored in the home. Applicants for licenses aren’t According to the rule, all 65,000-plus Oregon asked whether they have medical marijuana cards, Medical Marijuana Program patients are prohibitso the state knows only about those who volunteer ed from being on the premises of state-licensed day the information.
10/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Colorado gov’ will spend $2 million on anti-pot ad campaign
olorado Gov. John Hickenlooper has introduced his administration’s marijuana prevention campaign to deter underage consumption -- relying on well-worn scare tactics over any reality-based approach. The theme of the $2 million taxpayer-funded campaign is marijuana’s potential effect on the developing adolescent brain, using the slogan “don’t be a lab rat.” The administration plans to place human-size rat cages throughout the city of Denver, particularly at high-traffic bus stops. While flashy and memorable, the campaign has raised concerns among advocates who question the credibility of this approach. Drug policy reformers and prevention experts invoke the cynicism generated by 1980s-era scare tactic efforts such as the notorious “This is your brain on drugs” ad, widely recognized today as more attention grabbing than drug-deterring. Advocates recommend instead an approach that focuses on credible drug education delivered through programs and initiatives that focus on overall youth health and development. Reality-based efforts engage students and prevent the cynicism resulting from simplistic scare tactics. Furthermore, to be successful, parents or guardians should be directly involved in drug education and prevention efforts. “What it comes down to is are the ads intended to scare them or are the ads intended to inform them?” asked Mason Tvert of the Marijuana Policy Project, which helped craft and pass Amendment 64, the voter-approved 2012 initiative that legalized marijuana in Colorado. “These ads are intended to scare them.”
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
Top Shelf Cannabis in Bellingham was the first rec store to offer edibles | Photo by Nick Gonzales
10 15 17 20 24.7 105 900 4,000
Thousands of Florida volunteers who signed up to share positive stories about MMJ through phone calls, in-person talks, or through social media to support Amendment 2, legalizing medical Cannabis use in the state. Number of plants found in a South Carolina back yard by a police helicopter, adding more prisoners to the drug war at a huge cost to S.C. taxpayers.
Americans will have the choice to vote on 17 different marijuana legalization efforts in 2014, many in local cities within Michigan along with Alaska and Oregon. Number of joints a Fox news story claims is the equivalent to smoking a dab of hash oil. Potent to be sure, but this is just typical exaggerating. Million dollars of Cannabis was sold to recreational users in Colorado in June, according to numbers recently released.
Pricey legal edibles hit the new market
he first edible recreational marijuana products are now being sold legally in Washington, a month after Cannabis went on sale in state-licensed stores. Due to strict regulations from the Washington State Liquor Control Board, no kitchens had been approved for producing marijuana edibles last month when Cannabis sales began in a handful of stores July 8 (see August 2014 issue).
Al Olson, the marijuana editor at CNBC. com, bought the first approved edibles at Top Shelf Cannabis in Bellingham. Olson spent about $200 on Green Chief Crazy Carnival Nuts, 420 Party Mix and Twisted Trail Mix, and on a vaporizer pen and vape pen battery. The marijuana-infused nut clusters, trail mix and party mix cost about $25 per bag. Talk about expensive snacks...
Over 100 financial institutions (banks) are now working with the Cannabis industry, a move that remains illegal under federal financial laws. Pounds of pot intercepted off the coast of Miami presumed to be coming from Hait. Officials estimated the crop at $800,000.
Number of plants found in a wilderness park in Orange County, in an area that’s very difficult to access by foot or even helicopter, with no suspects arrested, according to the OC Register.
WE WENT IN WITH A WHITE GLOVE AND CHECKED THE DUST BEHIND EVERY CRACK AND CREVICE TO MAKE IT CLEAR WE ARE SERIOUS.
-Tom Burns, who oversees the dispensary program of the Oregon Health Authority, after the agency inspected 58 of the state’s 158 licensed medical marijuana dispensaries and found some had issues ranging from shoddy recordkeeping to packaging. They must fix violations or face $500/day fines.
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
Latin America allows first medical marijuana patient
“Cannabis is the only thing that works.”
48-year-old woman in Chile has become the first legal medicinal Cannabis patient in Latin America after being granted permission by the Institute for Public Health due to having systemic lupus and breast cancer. “I feel like I am burning up inside,” Cecilia Hayder told NBC News in a heartwrenching interview last month. “Everything hurts. I don’t have the strength to take a step, and I often have to use a wheelchair. My body rejects opiates so Cannabis is the only thing that works for me.” Heyder, a mother of two, will be
12/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Cecilia Heyder of Chile will get government help to buy the Sativex treatment she needs.
treated with Sativex, extracted from Cannabis, with equal amounts of THC and cannabidiol. Sativex isn’t considered to be psychoactive, as the CBD mediates the effects of the THC. Although she’s already permitted to take Sativex, a new law must be rushed through Chile’s Congress to allow the public health system to be the one to pay for it. That process will take at least two more months. Sativex costs over $3,000 monthly and Heyder cannot afford it without government help. “I am very happy and grateful to the parliamentarians, she said. “But I don’t see why my case had to become so emblematic for this to change. Too many people have suffered because of this taboo.” Heyder, on the advice of a physician, began using Cannabis early last year after the pain became unbearable. Her first shipment of Sativex from the United Kingdom, where it is produced by pharma giant GW Pharmaceutical, is still weeks away, but she
already eats Cannabis in food and smokes joints. That isn’t permitted by Chilean law, but for a while now, Cannabis for personal use hasn’t been punished. Heyder said she’d only tried marijuana once before her illness, as a teenager, and did not enjoy it. No nation in Latin America, including Chile, has laws that allow or regulate medical marijuana. Heyder’s breakthough has inspired one political party, Amplitud, to propose a bill that would decriminalize growing marijuana at home for both recreational and medical uses. The bill is just one of several being debated in Chile that could also authorize the country’s public health system to incorporate medicines that are derived from Cannabis. At least one of those bills is expected to make it through Chile’s Congress in the next few months. Few Chilean citizens oppose medical marijuana. A recent poll found 78 percent in favor. That’s progress.
Canadian court says edible and topical bans are unconstitutional in key patient victory The cou r t chal l e nge c am e f rom t he 2 0 0 9 c as e o f Owen Smit h , c har ge d w i t h mar iju ana t raf f i c ki ng f o r ba king C an nab i s c o o ki e s & producing to p i c al Cannab i s .
anada’s ban on medical marijuana edibles and body creams is unconstitutional, a B.C. Court of Appeal judge ruled Aug. 7. The judge instructed Parliament to rewrite the Controlled Drugs and Substance Act to allow medicinal Cannabis patients to use products made from Cannabis extracts, including creams, salves, oils, brownies, cakes, cookies and chocolate bars, according to CBC. The court challenge came from the case of Owen Smith, who was charged with marijuana trafficking for baking Cannabis cookies and producing topical Cannabis creams for a Victoria-based medical marijuana club in 2009. According to court documents, Smith was caught baking 200 marijuana cookies for the Victoria Cannabis Buyers Club, and had a supply of Cannabis-infused cooking oils and some dried marijuana in his apartment when he was arrested.
He was acquitted in April 2012, after the B.C. Supreme Court ruled Canada’s medical marijuana regulations were unconstitutional because patients were denied access to edibles and other derivatives. Supreme Court Justice Robert Johnston ruled that allowing dried Cannabis flowers alone was arbitrary, and didn’t do enough to actually further legitimate state interest. Health Canada allows patients suffering from debilitating illnesses to possess dried marijuana flowers. They can get the Cannabis through Health Canada-approved growers, or can get permission to grow it themselves. The Canadian government had hoped the B.C. Court of Appeal would strike down the B.C. Supreme Court decision allowing edibles and topicals, but marijuana advocates across the country said patients rely on derivatives to treat medical problems.
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By CANNASNOB, LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Can we please stop stomping out progress?
FACED WITH MOUNTING PRESSURE FROM RAIDS AND LEGALIZATION, CANNABIS ACTIVISTS NEED TO UNITE MORE THAN EVER!
someone who has grown up in the ever-evolving Cannabis industry, I look around and take note of my present, past and future. I am writing you today to ask how to mend a broken heart. I am deeply concerned about the current political climate in which the medical Cannabis industry finds itself, and more concerned about my industry as a whole. I’ve lost all my idols in the time since I-502 passed as I’ve watched so many friends become enemies and enemies now friends. Where did we go wrong? These are simply my ideas and opinions, and in the end, my hope.
the expectation of high revenue Throughout this long bloody drug war, we have gained social and regulatory acceptance by touting how much money could be made by this plant. Then, fast-forwarding out of the black market into the green market, we see the tragedy of many patients turning back to pharmaceuticals because it is more cost effective than buying Cannabis at the then current market value of $10 a gram. Yet we sold it as gold. It became clear to our representatives that they could ignore the sick and dying without action to end persecution. Yet as we put dollar signs above our patients, consumption is no longer based on compassion but consumer profits.
stop Treating Cannabis like alcohol To appeal to the average voter we exclaimed, “It’s no worse than drinking alcohol.” Our society embraces alcohol as a necessary evil, a lurid indulgence. What we forgot to keep telling everyone is Cannabis saves lives! Hell, we’re not even allowed to say that, why?
14/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Would the American Medical Association even like When public opinion rose for medical to make a comment? No, I thought not. It never Cannabis and the DEA got a lot of bad press matters how many patients touch our lives, telling us for jeopardizing the sick, a new way of strongoften of their life-changing experiences. Their voices arming our industry began. Our governments are disrupted and negated by a much figured out postage stamps were louder conversation in our industry: cheaper than raids. So many Stop betting on The topics of taxation, allotted businesses closed because of recreational vs. municipalities, revenue, banking, simple letters stating they were in medical, The Old etc. Not to say these are not valid violation of federal law. Way vs. The New. Now as we are forced to reconcile business concerns, but our patients are It only hurts, well, this state’s legalization efforts, and not simply consumers; they are real everyone. people, with real stories. a whole new era of drug reform Over the past years, more laws, we cower among ourselves recreationally focused businesses have popped in debate and conclude we must completely up, and more people sought authorizations to use redo the medical Cannabis law out of fear of the Cannabis simply to try to comply with the law. federal government. However, who among us wants to be in charge of This is naive of us. The only way this pressure telling sick people they are not sick enough? No will ever truly go away is for every stakeholder one. The average recreational user is not going to be to apply pressure on the federal level for buying high CBD products or consuming over 60 rescheduling. Stop buying new sofas and big grams of RSO in 60 days … The average recreational screens for our lobbies and donate that money user wants to get high, patients want to stay alive. to national campaigns.
In-Fighting is killing US
Why we’re doing this.
Let go of our ego, family. We are not the first humans to discover Cannabis, this plant has been utilized for thousands of years. We’ve become so myopic in thinking we are so much better than the next guy. Stop betting recreational vs. medical, The Old Way vs. The New. It only hurts, well, everyone. Not so long ago, the few access points open to the public knew that every day they served patients could be their last day of freedom. We toasted the Ogden memo, yet the raids continued. State legislation passed in the Swiss cheese form of 5073. The industry boomed even as the co-operatives were vetoed. Medical shops sprang up everywhere, some even still using the term co-op in their name.
Promise me as you go forward that you will picture the face of your first patient, that you hear the words of a changed being. Be graceful and accept reasonable regulation for the distribution of medical Cannabis. Promise me you’ll maintain our inherent and protected legal rights to help patients and never hedge bets against them. Pay homage to those who risked so much to change our lives, to give us freedom to use and learn from this plant. Be kind, be honest and be well.
Ferntucky Medical from Bellingham adopted Craig Cesal, sentenced to life for a non-violent marijuana offense.
By KRISTIN FLOR
SEPT. PRISONER UPDATE News from the front lines of
tHE HUMAN SOLUTION
hrough the Adopt-A-Prisoner project, former POW Paul Huff, Last month was a scary time for Washington has adopted Karen Cook-Sanchez, residents Debbie Brechler and Josh Mauk. Police a plant prisoner serving time in broke into their house, took them to jail, stole their Perryville, Kentucky. And in Ferndale, personal items and took Josh’s kids. When Josh Washington, Ferntucky Medical has adopted Craig and Debbie went to court, they had tons of court Cesal, a prisoner who is serving life for our plant. support from our MMJ community. The support Adopting a prisoner doesn’t always mean being a made a big difference because the judge released financial source but being a friend, an outlet for them. Soon, the support flowed into family court personal communication, an ear to lend and when and the children were returned. The whole family possible, an advocate on the outside. was reunited because of the power of the court No matter what your involvement with marijuana support from strangers, family and friends. is — growing, transporting, selling or giving away We have a new defendant in Washington. This — there is no amount of Cannabis that anyone is what his attorney writes: Those of you that think should serve life for. We would like to highlight two marijuana is now legal better not drive onto tribal such prisoners in need of adoption. lands. Tim Reed, a Puyallup tribal member who One is Leopoldo Hernandez Miranda. He is 73 has a medical marijuana authorization for chronic years old and has already served 19 years, is not in lower back pain, was carrying a legal amount of good health and with no pending release date, could marijuana when he drove onto Quinault tribal lands die in prison. He desperately needs an adoption. last year. Tim was pulled over for speeding, and The other prisoner we would like to form an tribal authorities seized not only his marijuana but adoption for is Irma Alred, who has served 23 his SUV was forfeited to the Quinault tribe after years of her 30-year sentence for distribution. Over a brief hearing. Now he faces a jury trial Sept. 18. the years, she has paid off her $25,000 debt to the The tribal court has ruled he cannot use the medical government by working for less than 20 cents an marijuana defense or the necessity defense, both hour in prison. She has undergone surgeries and is of which would be available under unable to work as a slave, so she has no state law. Because tribes get federal commissary money to buy shampoo, Irma Alred has funding, they are under pressure to phone time, snacks or Tylenol. nearly paid off crack down on marijuana. Mr. Reed In the good news, Jason Washington her $25,000 debt from Missoula, Montana, is free and in to the government is caught in the crossfire. He does not think he should plead guilty for a halfway house. Jason was convicted by working for less than 20 cents something that is not a crime under in federal court and chastised for an hour in prison. Washington state law. Tim faces a following state guidelines. minimum 90-day jail sentence under Jason has the All-American story: tribal law. Please show Tim some court support A college football career (ended by an injury), a for his trial — his attorney is David Arganian. philanthropist to youths and savvy businessman. In national court support news, the power of court His only crime was breaking federal laws. The not support helped Starr Bennett in Prescott Valley, so good news is Jason’s sentencing was appealed by Arizona. Despite all the court support during her the district attorney’s office. The case was heard in trial, she was found guilty, but at her sentencing, Seattle by the 9th Circuit Court to make a decision we packed the court room again and it had a major on U.S. District Court Judge Dana Christensen’s effect on the judge’s decision to give her a lenient decision. The 9th Circuit has asked Christensen to sentence. explain why he gave Jason such a lenient sentence. Starr was found guilty by a jury of three felony Please show support for Jason. The hearing charges of manufacturing a controlled substance, is scheduled Oct. 14 in the federal courthouse.
16/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
possession of a controlled substance and possession of paraphernalia. The judge gave her an easy sentence and felt compelled to lower two of the charges to misdemeanors. She was sentenced to one year unsupervised probation. The judge said he read all the letters in her support and said he noticed she had strong support from the community. Court support is important and can save our defendants from prison. In Washington, where we call our plant legal, we have about 15 defendants going to trial soon. To end prohibition immediately and keep our defendants from turning into prisoners, ensure that your community knows that if they are called to jury duty, it is not just their job to judge if the law has been broken. It is their job to judge the law. If you think it is a bad law, you have the power to say not guilty.
NATIONAL NEWS The Human Solution has been approved by the federal government to operate as a 501(c) (3) nonprofit organization. We can now fight even harder for our prisoners. Last month, Joe Grumbine and Kathy Zamanjahromi came to Washington, and we finalized the Seattle Hempfest chapter, Capitol City (Olympia) chapter and the Spokane chapter. We also met Kirsten Tynan from Fully Informed Jury Association in Spokane for a jury rights panel discussion. For those that missed it, please remember, no victim = no crime = not guilty. Jury rights day is coming Sept. 5, so please go to fija.org to find an event near you. We also had a successful Human Solution national conference Seattle Hempfest when members came from across the nation to help end prohibition. To learn about court dates in your area, or add your own court date, visit our website at thsintl.org. The Human Solution International does not represent any particular case or speak on behalf of any one defendant.
You can help drug war prisoners by visiting www.the-human-solution.org
CO2 / BHO
THE CLEAR ™
FREE GRAM FOR NEW PATIENTS AND REFERRALS
206 257 5074
3232 1ST AVE S. @SODOHH
18/SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
Seattle - Aug. 15-17, 2014
SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
sodo holistic pg 2
update janet nat green
22/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
Tacoma, WA - Aug. 14-17, 2014
BUSINESS CLASS Smoking or vaping wasn’t allowed at CannaCon last month, and nobody even got mad. Rather, it was the kind of professional, business-driven Cannabis industry networking the Northwest has long needed.
housands of ambitious business owners, investors and Cannabis enthusiasts gathered last month at the Tacoma Dome for the debut of CannaCon, the first true business expo for the Cannabis trade. The event was limited to business owners on the first two days. It allowed for relaxed business-to-business connections before the final two days that saw entry by the public, bringing a lively mix of attendees to the 180 booths at the event. Founder Bob Smart of Everett said the event met his principal goal: Make business happen. “It’s been amazing to see how many business owners and 502 licensees came out for this event.We had over 6,000 business owners alone show up. There were over $5 million in business deals landed on Saturday alone, with a total economic impact of between $6 million and $8 million in sales facilitated by the event.” Bob said the days of pot-smoking-themed expos are fading into the past. Vendors were required to follow rules about what they could display. “This event was professional, and it was great as a business owner. There were no street kids walking around selling brownies in picnic baskets and stoned attendees wandering aimlessly through booths,” said Ian Bolyard, owner of NW ATM Services, based in Lacey, Washington. “People who attended were really wanting to do business and looking to make connections. You saw real investors, real business plans that would normally be associated with the mainstream business world. The Cannabis world,” Ian said, “has entered the real business world.” The 134 vendors included growing equipment providers, high-end packaging solutions for Cannabis, software tracking systems, insurance and financial solutions, and more than one eager venture capitalist. One of the biggest hits of the weekend was the Magic Butter cooking demonstrations, which showed how the machines could be used to make infused products. The company sold out its units the first day. For Daron Coon, a sales representative for the medi-
ble company Cheeba Chews, the opportunity to meet new contacts in a smoke-free space was crucial. “It was a phenomenal event and opportunity to meet business people and begin building relationships for the future,” he said. “This was directed to the business community, not people looking for free samples. You got to meet the people you really want to meet.” Walking around the Tacoma Dome was made easy with giant rows of booths, all of which had something distinctive to offer. The main floor was mostly filled by booths, outer sections hosted a variety of seminars. Every aspect of the Cannabis trade was covered in the seminars, which were free for attendees. This brought an enlightened demographic to the dome. “I would say 90 percent of the people in the event were potential clients for my business,” beamed Jake Adkinson, owner of HD Grow Box. “At other pot festivals it’s maybe 10 percent, and the rest all want free stuff. This trade show definitely had the best ratio for vendors.” Insurance is a new area of the Cannabis trade that was nicely represented. In the past, many events or industry groups have had trouble getting fully insured said Doug Banfelder of the Premier Dispensary Insurance Group, which felt little anxiety insuring CannaCon. “We met a ton of new clients, and got to visit with current clients who we had not yet met in person, and had the pleasure of meeting true Cannabis industry leaders,” Doug said on the final day. CannaCon is expected in Phoenix in January, back in Seattle for the spring, and then on a tour that will include California, Nevada, Florida, Colorado and more states to be announced later After the long weekend, founder Bob Smart seemed happiest most of all that the event had provided a new service to the industry. “People came here with shopping lists for their businesses, and they were able to cross off every item on there. That was my goal.”
You saw real investors and real business plans that would normally be associated with the mainstream business world.
M O R E P H O T O S F R O M C A N N A C O N AT FA C E B O O K . C O M / N W L E A F
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
“Who’s next?” asked Harvest Fest Security Guard Jairin Mitchell, holding the joint packed with three pounds of pot.
26/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Bow, WA - Aug. 22-23, 2014
HARVEST TIME Part cannabis cup and part music and arts festival, the third-annual Harvest Fest in the Skagit Valley area brought out 420-friendly crowds to camp and relax for two days on acres of beautiful pot farm land.
WINNERS Best Flower Hybrid
Cherry Pie by J Dub Gardens
Best Flower Indica
Cotton Purple Chem by Hesperides
Best Flower Sativa
TJ’s Cookies by TJ’s Organic Garden
Best Flower Overall
TJ’s Cookies by TJ’s Organic Garden
Best Concentrate Solvent BHO OG Ghost Train Haze #1 by A Greener Today
Best Concentrate Solventless
AT LEFT: Plenty of spots for camping and smoking near a pot grow.
Gold Finger Full Melt Bubble Hash by A Greener Today
Best Concentrate CO2 CO2 Granddaddy Purple by CO2 Organics
Best Concentrate Overall
Gold Finger Full Melt Bubble Hash by A Greener Today
Baked Jerky by Zebelwood
Sore Muscle Rub by Topical Way
ABOVE: TJ’s Organic Garden won best flower overall and best sativa with their TJ’s Cookies strain. A Greener Today won several awards for their concentrates.
AT LEFT: Light shows took over the skies on the final night as two DJ sets kept it hopping.
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
INSIDE GREEN LION FARMS OUT OF HUMBLE BEGINNINGS, CHRIS KELLY AND TEAM TRANSFORMED A FLEDGING SEATTLE COMPANY FROM HOME DEPOT AND DIXIE CUPS INTO AN OIL PRODUCTION FACILITY WITH 35 EMPLOYEES IN THREE YEARS. By WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
30/SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Pumping it out A $75,000 Cannabis CO2 oil-processing unit from Eden Labs; Another one is on the way and five more will be ordered in the next few months.
SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
INSIDE GREEN LION FARMS
The company has built up to 35 employees, with more than $2 million in payroll forecast for 2015. Full-time employees receive health benefits, membership in a farm-to-table food program, and access to sick days. Employees are encouraged through the company motto to “treat yourself well” by eating healthful food, exercising and medicating. Almost everyone in the company is a medical patient, and testing the products is part of the day-to-day business at GLF. The open environment breeds creativity, which can be seen in the form of the art department and giant murals stretching across the building. It’s like Willy Wonka’s factory meets Cannabis production, minus the secrets and nefarious products. “We are focused on sharing the science behind the medicine, and we hope that people can focus on the science of hemp and CO2 processing,” Vanessa said. “If something is a better tool why wouldn’t you want to use it?”
Continued from previous page
ising in the shadow of a coffee brand that defined Seattle for decades is a new Cannabis brand that has the potential to change the worldview of a city — and a plant. The drug of choice in Seattle has always been caffeine, but that is rapidly changing with both medical and recreational shops providing Cannabis to tens of thousands of residents. As the demand for products has risen, so has the demand for brand identity. People want to know who they are supporting with their purchases, and that’s exactly what Green Lion Farms is counting on.
Rapid expansion Green Lion Farms’ sprawling facility in SODO takes up the better part of a city block and is growing at a pace that might scare even the most jaded startup manager. But time and opportunity wait for no one, and GLF just hit the warp drive button. For Chris and Vanessa Kelly, the road to starting a Cannabis business hasn’t been easy, but the experience of starting from scratch has given them a grounded sense of purpose and a strong vision for the future. “We started this company out of a Dixie cup, with a homemade grow cabinet and a cheap CFL bulb from Home Depot,” Chris explained. “That was only three years ago. It feels awesome to be here, but we still have a long way to go.” In addition to having started seven businesses, Chris spent several years working for Starbucks in IT management. The experience taught him how to run a business, and about managing commodities. “I don’t see much of a difference between coffee and Cannabis,” Chris said. “It’s about having a good product and good service, and recognizing this is a commodity. When I got let go at Starbucks on Jan. 2, 2011, I told everyone ‘I’ll see you soon. I’m off to start a Cannabis business,’ ” Chris said with a laugh. “I wasn’t kidding.” Walking around the main warehouse at GLF’s campus is a distinctive experience. The building is more than 100 years old, with huge exposed wooden beams and ceilings high enough that it almost feels like being in a stadium. The feeling of controlled pressure is similar to athletics, too. Everyone and everything has a purpose, and the place is running at maximum capacity to prepare for an onslaught
32/SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Three Companies Inside One
THIS IS WHAT CARNEGIE HAD, WHAT ROCKEFELLER HAD, AND NOW WE HAVE THE CHANCE TO CREATE SOMETHING FROM NOTHING,” CHRIS SAID. “THERE’S NOBODY HERE YET DOING THIS.” of business expected during the next several years. “We currently have one CO2 unit up and running, and if you want us to process a run on it, we are currently booked four weeks out,” Chris said while nonchalantly patting the running machine. “We have one unit on the way now and five more coming over the next several months.” Their current unit from Eden Labs can process 5 liters of Cannabis per run, the term used for making a batch of oil. Each machine costs roughly $75,000 to purchase, with larger capacity units potentially reaching six figures. The investment in units alone will be over a half-million dollars.
Green Lion Farms’ business model is split among three areas of focus: industrial hemp, biotechnology applications for Cannabis, and Cannabis processing and production for MMJ and recreational use. Each of the divisions is working on different products, all under the lead of Chris’s vision. While the Cannabis processing is the most visible part for the mainstream, the work being done on hemp and biotechnology has the potential to bring about major changes. In the biotechnology department, Chris is working on taking tissue cultures of plants for storage and transport of genetic lines of Cannabis in the future. They are also applying technology to fractionalize Cannabinoids, which creates an isolated and stable compound of one single chemical, such as THC. All this is being done in a full-blown R&D lab. “What if I told you that one day I could take a live culture of a plant, identify the genetic code that makes it up and compress it into a computer file, email that file to you, and have you 3D print out a sample that would grow into a plant?” Chris looks up with a mischievous grin, the passion for the plant beaming from his eyes. “That is the future — the ability to store thousands of plant genetics in one fridge and know exactly what you are getting.”
The technology is crossing over into the industrial hemp world, where strains of hemp are better for producing fiber, oil or food seed. Choosing the right strain for commercial applications will be important in the future when Americans are once again free to grow hemp. That’s what the hemp division of GLF is counting on. “If you want to grow a thousand acres of hemp I can get the seeds and ship them direct to you,” Chris said. “Or, say you need bedding for your pet and don’t want to be environmentally irresponsible? Just try our Hemp Bedding Mix, for hempsters.” The hamster bedding is an example of how small decisions can help create a bigger effect. The product lasts longer than traditional pet bedding, is carbon negative, and is a better product overall. But GLF plans to do more than bedding. Goals with hemp include crop processing, development of hemp ethanol refineries for making chemicals such as gasoline, decortation of a crop (stripping the plant down to basic elements) and wholesale distribution of raw or finished hemp products. In the green building materials section, the hempcrete is actually green, as are the hemp bricks that Chris hopes will one day be used in place of traditional bricks. Holding one up, the only giveaway that it isn’t a “real brick” is the green color — a tip of the hat to the plant and industry. “When we started the company I realized that we were sitting at the precipice of three different industries, not just one. These are actually starting from the ground up. This is what Carnegie had, what Rockefeller had, and now we have the chance to create something from nothing,” Chris said. “There’s nobody here yet doing this.” In the Cannabis department, everything is treated as a science, which extraction truly is. Chris has chosen to self-regulate beyond what MMJ or I-502 requires, following FDA guidelines for extraction and safe handling of products. He also is meticulous about recording information, which is what has allowed for their expansion into the CO2 world to become so successful. Their finished products can be found in collectives around the state, and soon will be in I-502 recreational stores. “Back in the day, all CO2 used to be black and runny, but our process allows for us to change the specifications in a run to make a product that is wax, or shatter or for a vapor pen. We record data from the beginning, middle and end of each run and have built a database of information that makes our product better each run,” he explained. “That’s the difference between science and goofing around — writing everything down. We take very diligent notes. That way, we are always learning.”
WE RECORD DATA FROM THE BEGINNING, MIDDLE AND END OF EACH RUN AND HAVE BUILT A DATABASE OF INFORMATION THAT MAKES OUR PRODUCT BETTER EACH RUN,” HE EXPLAINED.
CLOCKWISE FROM TOP-RIGHT: Nearly finished product; GLF hemp bedding; art by Ten Hun decorates the new lobby; the testing bench.
SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
The fighter PAUL STANFORD CREATED THE HEMP AND CANNABIS FOUNDATION BACK IN 1999, BRAVING A TRULY DIFFERENT POLITICAL CLIMATE. BUT NEARLY 15 YEARS LATER, THE GROUP’S MISSION TO GET PATIENTS AUTHORIZED, EDUCATE MAINSTREAM AMERICA AND MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL IS FAR FROM OVER.
34/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
activists talk about growing and giving away Cannabis to those in need, it’s usually in grams or ounces, but that doesn’t cut it for Paul Stanford. He gives away pounds. During the past 20 years, he’s given away over a metric ton of it, 2,240 pounds of medicine, and he’s giving away 200 more pounds from his upcoming outdoor crop this year. “Welcome to the Stanford house for wayward adults,” he joked leading in a photographer through a quiet suburban home, and someone’s bedroom, in East Portland and into a large backyard. It was mostly empty, save for a few scattered chairs and the roughly 20 Cannabis plants, all more than 7-feet tall. For Paul, it’s just another day in the garden. Sitting in the yard framed by 20-foot tall fences and under constant camera monitoring, Paul is relaxed. The sun is out, and he’s surrounded by his favorite strains of Cannabis waving gently in the breeze. His medical authorization company, The Hemp and Cannabis Foundation, operates in 12 states with 40 employees, meaning a moment of peace is a rarity for the activist. He settles into the shade, takes a puff from a vaporizer bag floating around, and settles into story mode for everyone in attendance to learn a little more about what drives him to grow and give away medicine to thousands of patients.
A Founding Father The first Cannabis protest Paul, who was born in North Carolina in 1960 attended was a week after his 18th birthday in 1978, at the infamous White House Smoke-in in Washington DC. The activism seed was planted in our nation’s capital, and by 1981, Paul had moved to Oregon to start growing Cannabis. The next year, he met Jack Herer, and by 1985, the two were thick as thieves defying a government system that had outlawed a plant. “I let Jack take over my house, it was a grow house, and he wrote his first
edition of “The Emperor Wears No Clothes” here in Portland. I became one of the first hemp and Cannabis activists with him, set out to learn more about what the plant had to offer,” Paul explained. “I just thought the laws were wrong, and I still do, and I saw that prohibition of marijuana was being used against activists fighting for hemp.” This led Paul to write the first legalization initiative ever released in Oregon in 1985. While it didn’t pass, it set the stage for the battle still being fought today. He had fought a cultivation charge the year before, and it fueled him to keep fighting for the right to grow a plant. “Around that time, I learned that China has the largest industrial hemp crop in the world, and at the time it was a safe enough country. So I went to China from 1988-89 to learn the language, go to school and start a company — the Tree Free Eco Paper business,” he said in English before dropping a couple sentences in Chinese. “I still remember the language, and the experience. My company was the first to import hemp cloth and paper, and we focused on paper as a better alternative than tree-based products.” The company ran through the 1990s, importing hemp products and paper for distribution in the United States. While growing hemp and Cannabis were still patently illegal, bringing hemp products into the country was not. But Paul was still growing, and the attention from his hemp imports brought attention to his extracurricular cultivation. His grow was raided in 1991 by local law enforcement in Oregon, and by 1993, the case was being argued in federal court. Paul had become a father, and he was facing a 10year mandatory minimum sentence for the charges. The feds offered several plea deals, the least of which was five years in prison, and he rejected every single one. He took the case to a full jury, which presented the biggest risk for longtime imprisonment. But he believed in what he was fighting for. “This is the story of how the Fully Informed Jury Association saved my life,” he explained. “They had taught me about jury nullification, and that was my plan for the jury. But we ran into problems at first.” >> SEE PG. 36
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
“WE KNEW THE PROSECUTION WOULD NEVER LET US ENTER EVIDENCE ABOUT CANNABIS OR NULLIFICATION, SO WE PUT ONE OF THE RAIDING OFFICERS ON THE STAND AND ASKED HIM ABOUT WHAT HE FOUND AT THE HOUSE.”
Continued from p. 35
In almost every case in federal court, the judge will bar a defendant from talking to the jury about nullification, and this case was no different. But Paul’s defense team had an ace up their sleeve.
of the pieces of evidence seized in the raid had been his collection of books about hemp and Cannabis, which included a copy of “Marijuana and Your Legal Rights” by Richard Jay Moller. His defense chose not to call any witnesses, and to only cross-examine the prosecution. That’s when something amazing happened. “We knew the prosecution would never let us enter evidence about Cannabis or nullification, so we put one of the raiding officers on the stand and asked him about what he found at the house. Sure enough he brought up my books, which became part of the prosecution’s evidence,” he said. “So we asked the officer to open the book and read from a specific page which was all about jury nullification in Cannabis cases. The prosecutor threw a fit and tried to have it tossed, but because it was their own evidence, there was nothing he could do.” The jury ultimately nullified the case, saving Paul and his family from a prison sentence. The trial cemented his getting some sun: Huge outdoor Cannabis plants in Portland will yield several pounds at harvest. status as a bonafide Cannabis hero, and he began a public access television show in 1996 called “Cannabis Common Sense” to share his information and love of the plant. The programming started off humbly. “I did the first five shows all by myself, and then had a lawyer come on with me through 1999. During that time, Oregon had passed ballot Measure 67 in 1998 to allow medical use, and Dr. Phillip Leveque came on the show with me. Then a funny thing happened,” Paul said with a grin. “People started showing up at the studio to get their recommendations. Soon we had 15 to 20 people lined up before each show. I’d accidentally started an authorization clinic.” Soon the crowds became too much for the public access studio. So he moved the clinic into his house. “The kids were young at that point, so we would take them to school and close buds: Hanging with Willie Nelson, a longtime then come home, pick up all the toys, and start helping patients during the day. We got our first real office in 2002, immediately outgrew it the day we moved supporter of the cause with the record to prove it. in, and continued to grow. I found Dr. Thomas Orvald in 2004 and started up in Washington, Denver and Michigan in 2005, and then we exploded with the recognizes that major hurdles remain. The biggest is fighting for hemp. advances in the dispensary market,” he explained. “The petrochemical pharmaceutical military industrial transnational elite “At one point we had over 80 employees. To date we have authorized over fascist snobs are the whole reason this plant is illegal, and they made up a 200,000 patients, with over 90,000 seen last year alone.” lie. When we restore hemp, we will replace a majority of the energy market. Hemp makes better fuel, fiber and food than any single plant on the planet. Harvest time Prohibition isn’t about weed, it’s about business, which is also why we have to fully legalize Cannabis. When everyone can grow and use marijuana, “I’m proud to be able to help people, and they are so grateful to have this acthen hemp will be restored to its rightful place in the world.” cess. That’s why I grow pot to give it away. I don’t sell a single gram, and my That reason drove Paul to start Portland Hempstalk, which is a free fesaccountants tell me I spend about $125,000 a year to do it, but because the tival celebrating hemp and medical Cannabis use. Sept. 27 and 28 marks clinics are profitable it allows me to grow both indoors and outdoors and give the 10th annual event hosted this year at Tom McCall Waterfront Park, it all away.” where thousands of people will come together peacefully to celebrate Every October, Paul crops his outdoor at exactly 4 a.m., and has rotating the plant that can change the world. That is exactly how Paul planned it. crops indoors. Every gram is given away to patients in need that have been identified as low income or terminally ill through THCF authorizations. But Learn more at thcf.org or at hempstalk.org or or look through hundreds of hours of footage available at ustream.tv/channel/cannabis-common-sense. even with the freedom he now experiences to grow the plant in Oregon, he
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
JACKâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S CLEANER 18.19% THC-TOTAL // 0.05% CBD-TOTAL // 1.11% CBG-TOTAL // 5.89% TERPENES This gorgeous Jackâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Cleaner has a bright and floral scent, with hints of mango and sweet papaya drifting into the nostrils as a nug is cracked. The plant tends to produce big, dense nugs with a tight structure, all liberally coated in frosty trichomes. Is it Christmas already? It might as well be with the fragrant present about to be enjoyed. A single bowl left us wanting more, so we pressed on. The smoke is pure exotic citrus, with an easy and smooth flavor and crystal-clear exhale. The frontal cortex starts drifting immediately, making sounds vibrant and limbs feel lighter. Moods are lightened, and pain slips away from the consciousness. This Sativa-dominant strain flowers in only 70 days, and produces a heavy load of THC and terpenes. By combining a classic strain, the Cleaner, with Jack Herer, the folks at TGA Genetics have made something special. The plant is known for its heady cerebral effects, and a beautiful look in flower and bud.
Available From Fweedom Collective
12001 Aurora Ave. N. Seattle, WA 98133 (206) 734-9333 www.fweedom.com
Test Results by Analytical360.com
40/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STRAIN OF THE MONTH By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
4.10% Linalool 0.45% Myrcene 1.34% Humulene 5.89% Terpene-Total
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By TYLER J. MARKWART for NORTHWEST LEAF | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
Stretch your joints Oscar Velasco-Schmitz of Dockside Collective, Teneille Tierce of Bikram Yoga Redmond, Daniela Bernhard of N.W.P.R.C, and Jeremy Kaufman of The CPC, enjoy a relaxing workout session at Gas Works Park.
46/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
HOW CANNABIS CAN HELP OR HINDER YOUR WORKOUT
more focused and beneficial poses.” oga is an ancient practice Daniela Bernhard, general manager of that combines meditation, Northwest Patients Resource Center, said breathing exercises and she opts for simple stretching and lowstretching to help people intensity yoga poses when using Cannabis, maintain a proper energy which she called a “natural fit,” over other balance between body and strenuous moves, where she “leaves it all mind. The popularity of yoga has risen on the mat.” dramatically in recent years in the United Some people might find that consuming States and now, with Cannabis becoming Cannabis prior to practicing yoga throws more socially acceptable, some have off their balance and concentration during thought to combine the two. their poses and meditations. Because we’re One of the earliest known documents all wired differently, start with small doses related to yoga was written about 400 B.C. of tincture directly under the tongue or by a man named Patanjali. These collections diluted in water to get a feel for what dose of writings are known as the Yoga Sutras you can combine with your practice. and are the base for modern yoga practices. It is possible to hurt yourself during With yoga studios opening up all over some yoga poses. If you are not present the country, coupled with technological in your practice, which can be a possible advancements, we can practice hot yoga side effect of Cannabis, you can get hurt. in 105-degree studios, paddle out to Muscle pulls, tears and joint dislocations the middle of Lake Washington and do can occur during yoga so strive to know headstands on a paddle board. how far you can push yourself. Yoga can help patients with mobility For expectant mothers, certain stretching problems, anxiety, depression, PTSD, aspects of yoga are not recommended muscle pain and a slew of other disorders because of the risk of falling, but the by combining stretching and breathing meditation and breathing practices exercises to help reduce symptoms. of yoga, along with the Some patients, such as Jeremy consumption of Cannabis Kaufman, find that practicing Because we’re all wired differently, during pregnancy, could be yoga after consuming Cannabis start with small beneficial to mother and complements the other. doses of tincture fetus. A five-year study “I broke my neck in a published in the West snowboarding accident and for directly under Indian Medical Journal in part of my rehabilitation I was the tongue or 1991 found no negative doing yoga, every day, for 60 to diluted in water effects to the fetus and 90 minutes for about the first to get a feel for what dose you can mother when the mother two years of my recovery,” said combine with consumes Cannabis during Kaufman, who co-founded The your practice. her pregnancy. CPC in Georgetown. Thanks to the many yoga “Now yoga is a bedrock facet styles and techniques, patients can explore for my lifestyle. After about the first year, I their being with yoga and Cannabis. But found that I had hit a wall in my practice. I before you go dabbing and downwardwas having a hard time getting any farther dogging, ensure that you are comfortable with my poses, which inhibited my growth with the amount of Cannabis you’re using. through yoga. I started to take metered If you have any questions, ask a yoga doses of Cannabis sublingually, about teacher and see whether they have any 20 minutes before my yoga sessions, and experience that might help you achieve a to my delight found it helped me release higher state. deeper into my meditation and inspired
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
Angie Romainger, 25 She recently moved with her fianceé from Virginia to Washington state to be able to use medical Cannabis, legally, and without the stigma.
WHAT I WANT THE MOST IS FOR PEOPLE HERE IN WASHINGTON TO UNDERSTAND THAT YOU HAVE NO IDEA HOW LUCKY YOU ARE! DON’T EVER TAKE FOR GRANTED THAT YOU CAN WALK INTO A DISPENSARY WITHOUT FEAR AND GET A CHOICE OF SAFE MEDICINE OR RECREATIONAL CANNABIS. WHERE I COME FROM, YOU DON’T GET A CHOICE.
MOVING 3,000 MILES FOR HER MEDICINE 50/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Can you describe your life back in Virginia?
Have you been able to find a job out here?
It was as opposite from the Pacific Northwest as possible. There’s not even an open debate for medical use in the state, and you feel like a criminal. Just to get medicine you have to go to backwoods-type places and deal with people who are not what we would call reputable. All that just to get medicine, not even quality product, paying close to retail prices here in Washington for less quantity and awful quality. The THC content is low, pesticide levels are high, and people grow in sketchy, backwoods buildings. One night I was supposed to meet the provider at a local mall parking lot at a very late hour. Obviously you can’t buy it in broad daylight — you’ll get arrested. So there I am in a situation having to meet a stranger in a rural parking lot. Every time was uncertain and uncomfortable. The illegality affects everyone, not just patients, but even those who only want to use recreationally.
I’m currently employed at a prominent department store, but before finding that job I was denied from Walmart for failing the drug test, even though I disclosed that I am a patient. And so now I don’t give them a dollar in business. Of course for my current job, I disclosed that I had the misdemeanor charge from Virginia, and gave them a form that stated I am a patient, but that I will not bring medicine to work or come to work medicated … because of my honesty and work ethic they took a chance and gave me a job.
Have you ever had a problem with law enforcement in virginia? In November 2013, my fiancée, Aniya, and I were on our way to her family’s house to have Thanksgiving dinner. About half way through the three-hour trip, we were pulled over by a state patrol officer for a window tint check. Officer Umberger — I’ll never forget that man’s name — pulled us over to the side of the road. It was 53 degrees out and I had no shoes on. He came up to the car and asked my fiancée, who was driving, for our IDs, proceeded with a tint test to ensure legal limit, and at the conclusion of the test he informed us of smelling marijuana in car. It gave him probable cause, and he searched the vehicle, and my purse. He found less than 1 gram of Cannabis ground up in a small vial to smoke at Thanksgiving, and told me I was going to be arrested. I was read my rights, then he searched the rest of the purse and found one glass pipe, but put back a sneak a toke lipstick piece. He had me put on my heels and did a pat down on the side of the road.
How did the treatment make you feel? Did you have to go to court? Had I had a larger amount on me, I could see a reason to charge me with possession, but the fact that it was less than 1 gram, he could have dumped it and broken my pipe and ended the situation. I was charged with possession and had to go to court in February. I was offered a first-time offender deal, but would have had to complete a drug course, do one year of probation, lose my license for six months and pay a $1,500 fine. In Virginia it doesn’t matter if you’re driving or walking down the street. You lose your license if you’re in possession of any drug. It makes no sense, but that’s the law.
Did you take the deal? I immediately appealed it. I didn’t want to invest thousands in fines, lawyers, classes ... and all this time I was preparing to leave the state. By appealing, I got to keep my license until court in April, when I went before a judge. This time I pleaded no contest, and told the judge, “Your honor I am leaving the state in 15 days for Washington, and there is no need to put me through what you’re about to put me through.” In the end, I took a misdemeanor possession charge, paid a $100 fine and lost my license for six months. That was my compromise.
What made you want to move to Washington? Originally it was because my fiancee just took the bar exam, and when she was finishing the last semester and deciding where to go to practice law, we looked at Colorado and Washington for my medical needs, and because they are UBE (Uniform Bar Association) states, which allow attorneys to practice in 13 other states. The flexibility to leave for the future was there, and also what had happened to me in Virginia in the past months for Cannabis had really shaped me. Washington offered freedom, not only medically but also for recreational use. It offered the ability to go and get authorized as a patient without fear.
When did you become a patient? We got here first of May, and I became a patient on the 9th of June. As soon I went to the Verde clinic next to Have a Heart Cafe and got my card, I was so happy that I sent pictures of my authorization to all my friends and family back East. But that didn’t compare to walking into the cafe for the first time. It was like the happiest Christmas morning, like Santa brought you every possible gift on your list. I spent several minutes standing still just looking. In Virginia you get just flower, bud. That’s the only form of Cannabis you have. I had no idea what concentrates were, I knew about edibles but they were always homemade, had never heard of tincture or how many types of medibles there are. Like peanut butter, honey sticks, chocolates.
How has your perspective changed since moving? What I thought I loved before has now inspired me. I now thankfully have my own plants that I am growing — something I never even imagined was possible. I’ve written legislators just saying how I appreciate my access to this medicine.
Would you recommend moving here for medical Cannabis? Absolutely. Not only are the options for medical patients available, not only is recreational available here, but just the atmosphere alone is worth it. You don’t feel like a criminal, even walking out of a pot store, you pass normal people on the street and they don’t look twice. If someone in Virginia had seen me just purchase weed, it would be all over the town in matter of hours.
What are your favorite strains and products now? There’s nothing better than holding a nice loaded pipe or joint, but since moving my favorite has been XJ13 shatter. I’d never had hash before! It has been amazing. To be able to buy keif ! Keif is awesome, like icing on cake. My favorite flower strain is Critical Mass. My favorite edible is the THC lemonade. It’s really surreal to talk with friends and family back on the East Coast and be like, ‘Guess what drinking lemonade with weed in it is like?’ It’s tasty and refreshing, and I’m taking my medicine so it’s a win-win.
What condition do you medicate for? I have degenerative disc disease and needed scoliosis surgery at age 9: think really, really bad bone and muscle pain and problems. I’m having another back surgery in the next two years, I’m only 25 years old, but if I don’t get the surgery, I won’t walk past 40. Before, I took opiates and other pills for the pain. All they did was make me lethargic and sick — not medically worth the trade-off to deal with the pain. I decided I would rather be in pain than pump myself full of pills that make things worse. Cannabis doesn’t take away pain completely but gives me enough control over pain to get through day-to-day functions.
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Seattle’s only locally owned collective garden specializing in Clones, Trees & Ready To Flower
TREES RTFs CLONES MMJ & 502 Ready • 100% Guarantee • No Bugs & Mildew
CONVENIENT LOCATION! 11740 Aurora Ave N. Seattle, WA 98133 206-792-9910 OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK! Monday - Saturday 11-7 Sunday 11-5
By LAURIE WOLF for NORTHWEST LEAF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF for NORTHWEST LEAF
Tomatoes and Cannabis are perfect together. I use canna-olive oil for medicating most but not all of my savory foods, and always have a quart of medicated extra-virgin olive oil at hand. My non-sweet recipes allow the Cannabis to have a presence, albeit a small one. Cannabis is an herb, and I like to treat it as such. The oil used in these recipes was made from the upbeat J-1 strain — it lends an earthiness that pairs well with many foods. But there is nothing quite like the feeling of your medicated meal starting to kick in. If you start with the soup, and take your time, the weed may kick in before dessert!
BRUSCHETTA 1. Heat oven to 400 deg. Coat the tomatoes and red onion in olive oil and season with salt and pepper. Roast on a baking sheet for 12-14 minutes till the tomatoes have gotten soft or burst if whole. Stir once or twice. 2. Remove the tomatoes from the oven and toss with the canna-olive oil and basil. Crush the tomatoes if the chunks are too big. Taste for salt and pepper and adjust. 3. Spoon the tomato mixture over the garlic rubbed bread. Spoon remaining juices, (there’s cannabis in them there sauce!) over the tomatoes. Serves 4-6.
INGREDIENTS 2 cups chopped/whole small tomatoes ½ small red onion, sliced 2 tablespoons olive oil Salt and freshly ground black pepper 2-3 tablespoons canna- olive oil 1/4 cup basil leaves, shredded 1 baguette, sliced horizontally, toasted and rubbed with peeled garlic cloves 2 cloves garlic, peeled
54/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
When the weather is warm and people are coming for dinner, this dish is often one
of our starters. The tomatoes need not be roasted, and you can certainly add your favorite herbs and toppings. A few weeks ago I made a bruschetta trio for our dinner, and served it with a simple salad. I only medicated one of the versions. One was avocado, tomato and mozzarella, one was a roasted yellow pepper with charred leeks and the third, the one I medicated, was a fabulously delicious grilled eggplant, mint and feta. When the medicated bruschetta kicked in, we went, with our designated driver, on a pilgrimage to get some pie at Random Order. I had the salted caramel apple.
TOMATO CORN SALAD 1. Heat the olive oil in a large skillet. When the oil is hot, add the corn and let it cook for 4-5 minutes, over medium heat, until starting to brown a bit. Don’t stir too often so that the corn has a chance to brown. Add the scallions and cook an additional 3-4 minutes. 2. Place the corn in a serving bowl and add the tomatoes. 3. In a small bowl whisk together the canna-oil and the lemon juice and add the spices, fresh herbs and the avocado. Toss gently. Taste for salt and pepper before serving.
SIMPLE TOMATO SOUP 1. Put tomatoes and garlic in a bowl with the salt. Add the canna-olive oil, champagne vinegar, black pepper and cayenne. Mix well and allow flavors to blend for 1 hour. 2. Place the tomatoes mixture in a food processor or blender. If you like, pass through a strainer to remove the seeds and the skin. I don’t mind the occasional seed or piece of the skin, but if you do, strain. 3. Add the balsamic vinegar, stir, and chill for several hours. 4. Divide the soup between six bowls and garnish with the mint, scallion and yellow tomatoes.
INGREDIENTS 2 tablespoons olive oil 3 cups corn niblets 3 scallions, chopped 2 large or three medium tomatoes 2-3 tablespoons canna-olive oil 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice ½ tablespoon kosher salt 1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper 1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro 1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley leaves 1 avocado, cubed, drizzled w/ lemon juice 1 tablespoon lemon juice
Fresh tomatoes should only be eaten from June through September, and then a replacement needs to come in. Portland has many beautiful burger-serving establishments that refuse to add tomato during the winter months. Use something else; those “things” during the winter months are not tomatoes. Kind of like strawberries, there is no comparison between in-season and gassed-to-be-red berries from somewhere. That said, when tomatoes are lusciously ripe, they are a pretty remarkable item. When you can take a bite, maybe with just a sprinkle of salt, and it is sweet and bursting with freshness, you have what a tomato should be.
INGREDIENTS 3 pounds ripe red tomatoes, cored and chopped 3 large garlic cloves, minced 2-3 teaspoons coarse salt 3 tablespoons canna-olive oil 2 tablespoons champagne vinegar Black and cayenne pepper to taste 1 tablespoon balsamic vinegar Garnish of chopped scallion, mint and yellow tomato
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
CANNABIS CONCENTRATES EDIBLES CLONES GLASS
40+ strains starting at $4/g $79 ounces
$10 Top Shelf 10+ strains of BHO starting at $22.50/g
(206) 257- 4407
treescollective.com | m-th: 9-9 f-s: 9-10 s: 11-7 | 10532 greenwood
By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
Taste it in the air : a tingly mango sensation that draws in dabbers like moths to a light.
89.59% ACTIvated 82.71% THC-TOTAL 4.77% CBG-TOTAL 0.91% CBD-TOTAL 1.09% CBN 1.70% CBc
Mr. Nice's Mango Haze PRODUCED BY EVERCLEAR CONCENTRATES & MR. NICE
here has been a lot of talk about the advances in steam extraction of concentrates and Mr. Nice Seed Bank has been right at the forefront by blending their custom genetics with new technology. By taking quality strains and processing them into a solvent-free clear concentrate, the company is ensuring patient safety while providing a highly pleasurable experience with each use of the medicine. Terpenes are added back in after the steam process, which eliminates not just solvents but most of the naturally occurring terpenes. By scientifically adding the terpenes, each batch has
58/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
a controlled dose and flavor. The steam process also fully activates the cannabinoids in the concentrate, meaning that this tasty oil can be eaten, or dabbed. The first thing you will notice about this concentrate is the flavor. You can taste it in the air, a tingly mango sensation that draws in dabbers like moths to a light. It is a sweet flavor, with earthy and hazy undertones that balance out the overall profile. When dabbed, the mango haze releases all the sweetness into a clean and easy vapor. Forget the after dab cough. The steam process
TERPENES 1.98% Terpinolene 4.10% Humulene 6.08% TERPENE-TOTAL
makes for a refined product that allows for large amounts of medicine to be inhaled without frustrating side effects. The effects are extremely heavy and instantaneous. Because the THC is already fully activated, much of it converts to CBN when vaporized, the cannabinoid that is responsible for the “couchlock” feeling. This makes the product great for heavy pain, insomnia, other sleep related issues, or for stress. It’s also a perfect choice for hitting before a trip to the movies, or settling down during the rain that is slowly coming out way.
TESTED by analytical360
4 MILES FROM MONROE 4 MILES FROM DUVALL 30 MIN. FROM SEATTLE SEPTEMBER 2014 DEAL #1
SEPTEMBER 2014 DEAL #2
HOURS: M-SUN 10A-8P
OFF ANY CONCENTRATE!
ANY TOP-SHELF 1/8 OZ!
23203 SR 203 MONROE, WA 98272 DELIVERY
Serving Every Seattle Neighborhood And: Seatac Kent Renton Mercer Island Bellevue Bothell Shoreline
Over 40 HIghest Quality Medicinal Strains 100% Organic 100% Tested Over 60 different Concentrates. The most effective and trusted medibles and topicals in the state including Ettalew's, Golden Dragon, Seattle Cannabis Kitchens, Happy Hashers, Vita Verde, and Kush Creams
in proud partnership with
11am-10pm 7 days a week
ALL MEDICINE TESTED BY ANALY TICAL360
SEPTEMBER DAILY SPECI ALS
8 M O N DAY S M A L L E D I B L E W I T H $ 2 0 P U R C H A S E T U E S D AY A L L T O P - S H E L F O N L Y $ 1 0 / G R W E D N E S DAY 1 0 % O F F A L L E D I B L E S T H U R S D AY F R E E P R E R O L L W I T H $ 2 0 D O N A T I O N F R I D AY 1 0 % O F F T O P I C A L S A N D T I N C T U R E S S A T U R D AY 2 G R H O U S E B H O $ 5 5 2 G R C O 2 O I L $ 1 0 0
118 S. WASHINGTON ST. SEATTLE, WA 98104
SUPER G-13 STRAIN OF THE MONTH AUGUST 2014
OPEN MON-SAT 11AM-7PM
“The One, The Only, The Original”
Cherry Cola Bottles Sour Gummy Bears
Cannabis Infused Edibles Precise THC dosing
No cannabis taste
“Wholesale Inquiries” : EdipureWA@gmail.com | EdipureWA.com | 206.659.6626 For Medical Use Only. Keep out of reach from children. Medicate Responsibly.
ity trim. prices.
1716 N Ash Street Spokane, WA 99205
(509) 262-6413 Open 10:00am - 6:00pm Monday - Saturday
STORY AND STRAIN PHOTOS by BOB MONTOYA for NORTHWEST LEAF
Micro Strains Up Close Each month weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll highlight growers crafting strains with the goal of helping specific needs, not necessarily obtaining the highest yields
have found two strains this month by one grower who
wants to remain anonymous. She is a professional surviving in a world that she fears will judge her for using Cannabis for her ailments. Two strains, combined of popular medicines, are just the solution for stimulating the mind and also allowing for rest when it is time to do so.
Stress can disable the strongest person. Add pain to
stress and it becomes a vicious circle. Worrying about pain can take the mind out of focus, add stress and so on. Combining a strong indica with a mild sativa resulted in a mix that sedated without any anxiety in Boxer 1.
Boxer one is Pandoraâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Box and Super Kush Boxer 1 has a
BOXER ONE STRONG HASH SKUNK TASTE
strong, skunky hash taste, with a spicy smoke that tickles the nose on exhale. The effect builds in the back of the head and settles in on the shoulders like a warm hug. She uses it primarily when work is done and creativity before resting is the goal, such as reading or engaging conversation.
Joker one is Grapefruit and Chocolate Chunk. It was a surprise phenotype that has been difficult to re produce. It is a fun Sativa with just a hint of indica to balance the euphoric of this unique mix. It has a fruity lemon note on a cold draw which fades into mellow lemon on exhale. Tingles in the sinus and a well feeling in the front of the head lead to laughter and eventual cramps in the cheeks from smiling.
She has been growing her own medications for just over a
decade. Cross breeding has been something passed to her by her farming family, which is evident in her success. Most patients are lucky to one day find the ideal strain holding the keys to unlocking the healing relief of this plant in its over 900 varieties. Have you found yours?
Check back next month when I dig into the neuroregenerative strains used by patients with spine and nerve conditions.
64/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
The white crystal-like trichomes are about half the width of a human hair â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Seen in this 500x close-up.
joker one GRAPEFRUIT X CHOC. CHUNK sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
* IN-HOUSE WAX/BHO 3 FOR $100 DONAT ION * MIX AND MAT CH EDIBLE SPE CI ALS
PREMIERE ACCESS IN SKAGIT COUNTY Just 30 seconds West off I-5 M-Sat 10am-8pm Sun 10am-6pm
The Finest Flowers, Edibles & CBD products in the Valley
18729 Fir Island Road Suite C â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Conway, WA 98238 Home Blown Concentrates
1st Place Indica Wax 2014 MMJ Concentrates Cup!
Home of the 12th Gram! 12 Grams for $85 Tax Included! New Address: 9611 Portland Ave E Tacoma 98445 Hours: Mon.- Fri 11am to 7:30pm Sat. 11am to 7:00 Closed Sundays
Wholesale/Processing Services Available Find us at Table #8 @ MMJ Universe Market Every Saturday! Instagram @littlemissinkslut or @710inkslut
ANALYTICAL 360 is Washington State’s first Cannabis Analysis Laboratory to provide Quality Assurance testing to the Medical Marijuana Community in Washington State. By offering Cannabinoid and Terpene Potency Profiling, Foreign Matter Inspection, Microbial Analysis, and Residual Solvent Testing, ANALYTICAL 360 has helped Collective Gardens provide cleaner and safer products to their Medical Marijuana Patients. Now that Recreational Marijuana is legal, ANALYTICAL 360 is proud to be selected as the first Cannabis Analysis Laboratory certified by Washington State to provide Quality Assurance services to I-502 Producers, Processors, Retailers, and Consumers.
Grown in Washington State
ANALYTICAL 360 Cannabis Analysis Laboratory
Western Washington 2735 1st Ave South Seattle, WA 98134
Open Everyday • Courier Service • Counsulting
Eastern Washington 29 North 1st Ave Yakima, WA 98902
the Cafe All Organic Coffee & Teas Fresh Squeezed Juices & Smoothies Homemade Soups & Baked Goods
the Collective Excellent selection of top-shelf Cannabis & Concentrates Topicals & Medibles Conscious Extracts CO2 Oil Archive Seed Bank Exclusive Distributor
716 NW 65th St * Ballard * 206.557.7388
Mention this ad to receive 20% off your next donation in the collective! *good for one use per patient*
follow us for special offers
health & science
DIRECT, EARTH-TO-BODY CONTACT BOASTS AN IMPRESSIVE LIST OF ACTUAL HEALTH BENEFITS
rounded, in electrical terms, refers to creating a direct physical connection to the earth. Humans have sat, stood, walked and slept on the ground for eons, and that connection has acted as a conduit for the earth’s energy to enter the body. Humans are bioelectric beings living on an electric planet. This concept of energy transfer is known as earthing, which is a modern discovery of a timeless practice. Earthing is not without opponents, but science supports this energy transfer and its subsequent health benefits. Alternative and traditional medicines talk about “energy,” such as Chinese medicine’s concept of qi (chi) and the manipulation of the body’s energy through the energy pathways called meridians. A variety of words have been used to describe the body’s energy or energies, including the “vital force,” “aura,” “vibrations,” “strength” and “prana.” But what is this fundamental “energy?” James Oschman, who has a bachelor’s degree in biophysics and a doctorate in biology, is an expert
70/SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
in the field of energy medicine. He set out to intransfer from the earth to the body. vestigate “energy” and found some science that he Free radicals collect in the body through the feels defines this phenomenon. day. Free radicals are highly reactive atoms, molOschman and his team have written a dozen paecules or ions that are unsatisfied in their number pers on the subject and two books, including “Enof electrons and are looking to steal an electron ergy Medicine: The Scientific Basis.” Oschman anywhere they can. This robbing of an electron provide the scientific groundwork has been associated with the infor understanding the energy of the flammatory response, tissue dambody and how it can be affected. age, aging and cancer. The concept of earthing was inPeople who practice earthing BY NORTHWEST LEAF troduced by Clint Ober in his book, swear by it. Germany, Austria and SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR “Earthing: The Most Important Switzerland even have communities SCOTT D. ROSE Health Discovery Ever?” He sugwhere it is tradition to get up in the gested that earthing means simmorning and go for a walk barefoot. ply walking barefoot — grounding Inflammation is at the root of your body to the earth. This contact chronic diseases, but the inflamserves as a conduit for transferring the earth’s matory response is part of the healing process. natural, gentle negative charge into the body. With acute injury, for example, inflammation is When walking on the earth barefoot, negativenecessary for a while. The redness and swelling ly charged electrons from the earth transfer into consistent with, for example, a sprained ankle is your body through the soles of your feet. These an indication that more blood is coming into the free electrons are some of the most potent antiarea to deliver fresh nutrients and immune cells. oxidants known to man. Most people wear shoes If the injury is not healed and the inflammation with rubber or plastic soles and walk on flooring continues, there is likely repeat trauma, a chronic and insulation that separates the negative charge repair deficit of the immune system or both.
Experiments have shown that free electrons from the earth cause decreased inflammation, beneficial changes in heart rate, reduction in pain, promotion of healthful sleep patterns and thinning of the blood. Thinning of the blood makes it less viscous, which has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease. One study even suggested that earthing eliminates the potentially harmful effects of the electromagnetic fields given off by all the electronic devices around us.
how do you start earthing? Contact the earth with your skin! It can be for just 10 to 15 minutes. Some believe contact with any part of the body is beneficial, but the effects of using your feet seem to be more pronounced. This ties in with Chinese medicine â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the kidney meridian originates on the soles of the feet at the ball on each side. An acupuncture point commonly used in the treatment of anxiety, insomnia and to affect the source of qi can also be found in that area. Touching grass, sand, rock, dirt or soil works, but concrete works, too, because of its porous nature. Asphalt doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t work because its surface is sealed from the earth. Ideal locations for earthing are on the beach, close to or in the water and on dewy grass. Moisture facilitates the flow of electrons. Earthing has no negative side effects, it cannot be overdone and can be practiced almost anywhere. Several companies are striving to put you in contact with the earth. Blankets, sheets, sitting pads and foot rests are among products that claim to aid electron transfer without direct contact with the earth. These devices have a wire embedded or sewn inside the product that contacts the skin, and the other end of the wire is either staked into the ground or plugged into the middle round hole of a grounded wall outlet. Also available are shoes with copper wires through the soles. These devices are useful in settings such as harsh weather conditions and urban environments, and for people who are incapacitated. Many of these devices have been tested and seem to be valid. But nothing beats direct skin contact with earth. Science has measured the transference of electrons from the earth to the body. The positive effects of earthing on decreasing inflammation might suggest that the lack of grounding in our industrialized world is tied to the rise of some modern diseases. As a society, we have become detached from the earth, and our planetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s only known function is to support life.
Experiments have shown that free electrons from the earth cause decreased inflammation, beneficial changes in heart rate, pain reduction, promotion of healthful sleep patterns and thinning of the blood. Thinning of the blood makes it less viscous, which has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease. Use your hands and feet to touch grass, sand, rock, dirt or soil, even concrete works. Ideal locations for earthing are on the beach, close to or in the water and on dewy grass. Moisture facilitates the flow of electrons. People who practice earthing swear by it. Germany, Austria and Switzerland even have communities where it is tradition to get up in the morning and go for a walk barefoot. Dr. Scott D. Rose is a naturopathic physician, acupuncturist
specialized in combining naturopathic medicine and Chinese medicine to treat a variety of complaints. www.msih.biz
SEPT. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCANDERSON for OREGON LEAF
HOW DO I... achieve maximum dissolved oxygen in my garden for success?
practice deep water cultivation in the majority of my gardens, so I hang out in saltwater exotic fish and coral reef tank forums for research. Few of the conventional methods and rules employed in other types of hydroponics and container gardening cross over and apply in a water culture. One of the few is oxygen, or specifically in the interest to plants, is dissolved oxygen. Although oxygen is not technically a nutrient, I consider it the most abundant nutrient of all. Getting high levels of oxygen to the root zone is essential to maximizing plant health and genetic potential. I look for ways to achieve and maintain maximum dissolved oxygen (DO) levels in the culture and I have taken my system to extreme measures to do so. Along the way, I have learned more about aquatic plants and animals than I ever cared to, but I have been able to apply practical techniques to improve DO levels in a culture. I love to talk about limiting factors, so let’s jump right in. Because we are using water as our base and water freezes and nutrients become unavailable or difficult to access at extreme temperatures, our limiting factor is temperature. In many ways, this is good because it places an approximate ceiling on the amount of DO a solution can hold at the range of temperatures that our plants enjoy growing in.
>> Water temperature The chart on pg. 45 also shows how DO level is
74/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
an exponential function, like pH. This speaks to Primarily that’s what the bubbles are doing — the exponential importance of monitoring and breaking surface tension and improving osmotic maintaining your water temperatures. As a culture O2 absorption. Some growers abandon deep grower in a sealed environment with high wattages, water cultivation growing because their plants running a returning system without are so healthy the roots a chiller is out of the question. This consume the air diffuser. Drop me a line means keeping your solutions that Many are not accustomed to firstname.lastname@example.org you brew, nutrients you mix and dealing with plants and roots Watch a tutorial water you provide at the lowest this aggressive. Youtube.com/DrScandersonGt possible temperatures inside the When the plants’ roots range (between 60 to 65). Using a consume the air or anything chiller isn’t needed for these applications but using begins to obstruct the air pump, dissolved items such as RO ice cubes, air-conditioned mixing oxygen levels will begin to decrease. and brewing stations becomes imperative. This includes under-powering your pump Monitoring the ambient temperatures around and placing a small rock with a 5 lt/hr aquarium your mixtures and decreasing them along with pump at the bottom of a 45-gallon drum of increasing the aeration of any solution will always solution. There’s far too much overhead pressure assist in diffusing heat from the solution and bring for the small diffuser and air stone to deal with. the temperature and the potential for DO up. It’s imperative that your aeration device perform several functions, one of which is >> Surface agitation adequately breaking surface tension. This could mean increasing the power of your pump, Many growers believe the bubbles the air pump increasing the flow of your air diffuser or diffuses into the solution is what the plants will changing the method you are using to aerate take up. Nope. Plant roots can’t simply aspirate and agitate your solution. ambient oxygen from the space around them. They Another key element of surface agitation is take in oxygen that has dissolved into the solution. that an exchange of gases needs to occur. The Fortunately, water is made up of only two molecules. solution needs to off-gas pent-up acidic C02 Oxygen is constantly being exchanged at the that plant roots expel in the form of protein surface of any water-based solution. If it’s your exudates when taking in nutrients. bucket of water and nutrient solution, it’s the top By providing a large surface area and plentiful of the bucket. By creating agitation on the top, you agitation, the solution will more easily diffuse break surface tension and increase the area over C02 and have more “space” to absorb O2. which oxygen exchange can occur.
>> Circulation Having plenty of surface agitation isn’t enough. It’s not important to your plants that your solution is only high in DO. It’s important that the solution you have around the plant’s roots has high levels of DO, so circulation is critical. Depending on the size of the vessel you are using, the majority of the aeration in your solution occurs only at one side the container. Using fluming (described below) or waterfall methods can improve circulation dramatically.
GETTING results Like much of the grower-focused equipment, it seems the industry would squeeze all the growers into a aeration box using low, inefficient, overpriced air pumps and bacterial playgrounds that are disguised as air stones. I’ll address two methods that will, at worst, meet the DO saturation levels commonly achieved using air stones, disks, tubes and tetrahedrons.
>> Fluming Fluming is using a pump at the bottom of your mixture to push water like a miniature geyser toward the top of the mixture to create a medium to light ripple. You’re not looking for a Yosemite geyser here, just a small to medium bubble of water coming up through the center of the mixture then spilling over itself on the top.
The chart above shows the maximum solubility of oxygen in water by temperature in degrees centigrade. It’s not important to understand what this measurement means specifically but that it’s not too difficult to achieve and maintain. Once you do, there is nothing more you can do because the limit has been reached.
>> Waterfalling Use a pump similar to what you would use to flume with, but the pump in this method is plumbed from the bottom of the mixture up and out through the top of the mixture and to a manifold that points back down. The solution is brought into the pump, up through the plumbing and then is pushed through the manifold back into the mixture. The manifold ensures the mixture is splashed evenly throughout the surface of the container to maximize surface agitation and circulation. If you were using a small container such as a 5 gallon bucket, a single outlet would likely be sufficient to accomplish this.
Using these methods will increase the DO levels in any water-based solution they are applied to and decrease the need for many overpriced and inefficient pieces of equipment. If you’re looking to upgrade your aeration device(s), I recommend giving a call to Pentair, which not only has an array of air diffusers and pumps, but has a well-versed technical department and a commitment to customer service.
d r . s c a n d e r s o n s ay s . . .
Oxygen is constantly being exchanged at the surface of any water-based solution. By creating agitation on the top, you break surface tension and increase the area where oxygen exchange can occur.
sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
THE CHOICE IS CLEAR THE DIFFERENCE IS SCIENCE.
Made in Washington
BEHIND THE STRAIN
Drop me a line
Watch a video
BAG APPEAL & SMOKE REPORT “You spilled some sweet-n-low on my medicine, brah,”
is about all I could think of when I first saw the dried bloom, followed quickly by an industry insider’s “oh wait is that one of those new overpriced flowers that are rolled in keif?” Wrong on both accounts — It’s just Locktite. Not a single area of bloom goes uncoated in a fine, delicate white and clear layer of trichomes. This bloom is outstanding, taking on a blondish white appearance in stark contrast to Girl Scout Cookies, which has more granular and sandy looking trich’s present. The GSC happens to be the only strain I’ve reviewed to come anywhere close to Locktite for frost production. It’s one of those plants that you almost don’t want to throw into the grinder...almost. When first popping open the container, the blooms have a superficial gas and burnt rubber scent. Going in for a closer sniff, the flowers explode with an intricate combination of lime, sweet and spicy hash, and fuel, but with very prominent sour notes pulling through from the Mt. Rainier. The mild but self-assured flavors of diesel and sour rush into my mouth filling my soul with ample gulps of thick Locktite smoke. Unlike its diesel-influenced parent, she is without the cavity crushing lung expansion, allowing for huge single doses — my favorite. Be sure to ignore the gentle initital taste. An almost Jekyll and Hyde act is revealed upon exhale, when fierce amounts of fuel and a limey burnt rubber flavor attack the taste buds. The complexity of the flavor returns to its more sheepish personality by quickly escaping on a trail of menthol and leaving the patient with only refreshment and a clean palate, perfectly suited for another taste.
HOW IT GROWS fast and furious with the vigor of two very hearty plants. Super BY NORTHWEST LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCANDERSON
Not a single area of bloom goes uncoated in a fine, delicate white and clear layer of trichomes. LINEAGE
When Red Eyed Genetics created the Chaos Cut of Mt. Rainier, they knew the unstoppable combination of frost and yield was a sure winner. But almost no one could have anticipated the astonishing results when the creator, Josey Whales, gave permission to the Red Eyed Genetics team to begin breeding with his incredible Gorilla Glue #4 cutting.
[ Mt. Rainier, Chaos Cut (White Lotus x Northern Lights) ] X [Gorilla Glue #4]
BREEDER: RED EYED GENETICS FLOWER TIME: 63-65 DAYS
78/sept. 2014 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
lush in veg she takes off and stands out right away. Without too much training, the Locktite will grow to a medium-tall height stretching out to about double in flower. She’s not too sensitive with the nutrients and enjoys higher levels of P as many of the frost monsters do. The Mt. Rainier added considerable stability and improved structure to the more typically floppy and somewhat unruly growth characteristics consistent with the GG#4 cut making her a great selection for growers of various experience and skill level. In spite of the impressive above-average yields on this plant, it has just one priority: pound out disco balls of gooey trichomes to every inch of the plant’s surface.
EFFECTS as expected from strains testing over 21 percent in THC, one
must approach Locktite with respect, awareness and possibly a helmet. Locktite provides the deceptive combination of a strong fast onset that simply continues to elevate the user well past intake. This is a well-balanced effect that lends itself in my body, perhaps if only slightly, to a more cerebral, functional and creative state. Painfree and with a warm towel wrapped around my mind, the results of this blessed botanical beings’ efforts in spending two months of its life devoted to creating the most resin possible are strikingly clear.
unveiling OUR NEWEST CREATIONS
For Pacific Northwesterners, summertime means the sun and as much of it as we can soak in. That is why we at Sativa Valley Essentials have formulated two brand new recipes to help our customers get as much of it as they can without feeling the burn. Sativa Valleyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s broad-spectrum sunblock contains 100% organic, wild-crafted botanicals such as german chamomile and green tea as well as moisturizing shea butter and jojoba oil to not only prevent sun damage but also moisturize and reduce the effects of aging due to sun exposure.
ALOE VERA CANNABIS GEL 95% organic aloe vera (2oz.)
CANNABIS SUN BLOCK SPF 30 (2oz.)
Sativa Valleyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s aloe gel will do wonders to soothe and re-hydrate burned or irritated skin. And of course both of our newest products contain a healthy amount of our proprietary cannabis extract to ensure your day at the beach is a happy one.
For more information visit:
SATIVAVALLEYESS.COM or write:
S A T I VAVA L L E Y E S S E N T I A L S @ L I V E . C O M