THE ENLIGHTENED VOICE
# 6 3 | S E P T . 2019
Inside the art of pairing alcohol with Cannabis special issue pg. 44-67
Key Lime Pie by HQ Farms paired with Watari Bune Junmai Ginjo “The 55” Sake.
TANNINS & TERPENES FREE /OREGONLEAF.COM
INDEPENDENT CANNABIS JOURNALISM SINCE 2010
This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.
WASHINGTON CALIFORNIA OREGON IOWA This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgement. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of reach of children. There may be health risks associated with this drug.
CANNABIS DELIVERY. NOW AVAILABLE IN SALEM. HAVEAHEARTCC.COM/DELIVERY/OR/SALEM
This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgement. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of reach of children. There may be health risks associated with this drug.
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TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE oregonlEAF.COM
Forum Cookies by Cultivated Industries paired with Claim 52 Bird Up Milkshake IPA with strawberries.
11 Editorâ€™S Note 12 NATIONAL news 14 local news 16 opinion 20 highly likely
24 26 30 34 36
patient profile stoner owner budtender q&a twenty after four roseway organics
40 44 46 52 54
strain of the month terpenes 101 guide t & t pairings magic number ablis
55 herban tribe 56 the beermongers 58 coalition brewing 60 rebel roots farms 62 tandem tech
66 tale of two crafts 70 Cannabis recipes 74 EDIBLE review 76 concentrate review 78 topical review
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS | PROPS & STYLING by MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ
FULL LINE OF SINGLE-SOURCE CANNABIS PRODUCTS Flower | Pre-Rolls | Edibles Cartridges | Extracts
@ H I G H L A N DP ROVIS IONS HIGHLANDPROVISIONSCO.COM Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For adults 21 years of age and older. Keep out of reach of children.
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TANNINS & TERPENES
See special pairings from Washington, Alaska and Maryland in our free online archive located at Issuu.com/nwleaf .
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS | PROPS & STYLING by MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ
E S TA B L I S H E D 2 0 1 0
T H E E N L I G H T E N E D VO I C E
WES ON THE COVER Tannins & Terpenes Issue No, that’s not fake CGI. This beautiful shot required planning and careful, swift maneuvering to bring to life, with a photographer, his assistant, a prop stylist and her assistant, all helping make this cover shot a reality. PHOTo BY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS props & Styling by malina lopez @malinalopez
Tom Bowers Features Joshua K. Elliott Photography Steve Elliott National News Will Ferguson Reviews Simone Fischer Profiles Janelle Johnston Assistant Malina Lopez Styling Matthew Meyers Opinion Meghan Ridley Editing Chris Ryan Photography Pacer Stacktrain Features Laurie & Bruce Wolf Recipes Darren Zemanek Assistant
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Editor’s Note Thanks for picking up The Tannins & Terpenes Issue! We began pairing wine with weed in 2012 as an educational tool for the various strains and flavors present in Cannabis, and today we continue that legacy with a new round of pairings! I’ve always been fascinated by the world of wine, the thousands of varieties, and the sommeliers who can divulge a year of production or soil type from a simple sip. WE LOOK FOR On the same note, I’ve always been SIMILARITIES amazed by the people who maintain the IN FLAVOR attitude that “all pot is the same.” PROFILES FOR So we started the pairing edition of the magazine to highlight the different flavors of OUR PAIRINGS, BUT THERE Cannabis, and draw a parallel to a world that most are familiar with. Alcohol. IS TRULY NO Marijuana is safer than alcohol. I would WRONG WAY TO love to see this country shift from bars and PAIR DELICIOUS liquor stores on every corner and grocery CANNABIS WITH store shelf towards dispensaries and A TASTY DRINK. lounges, but we’re not quite there yet. But this issue, and the concept, is a great barrier breaker for people who still have antiquated and stigmatized views of Cannabis. Share with someone an amazing pairing, whether in print or in person, and see their fear be replaced by wonder - and a little face melting if you follow our pairings. We brought the heat this year! And don’t be afraid to try your own pairing at home, whether with wine, or a tasty local soda or coffee. We look for similarities in flavor profiles for our pairings, but there is truly no wrong way to pair delicious Cannabis with a tasty drink. So please share the magazine with someone new, and enjoy our annual Tannins & Terpenes issue of the Leaf!
-Wes Abney SEPT. 2019
We do not sell stories or coverage. We are happy to offer design services and guidance on promoting your company’s recreational, commercial or industrial Cannabis product or upcoming event. We are targeted and independent Cannabis journalism. Email or call to discuss advertising.
OKLAHOMA AND FLORIDA’S MMJ INDUSTRIES ARE GROWING FASTEST IN NATION
MARYLAND COURT RULES CANNABIS ODOR NOT ENOUGH TO WARRANT A LEGAL SEARCH Smelling like weed is not enough of a reason for police to arrest and search a person, according to a unanimous ruling in August from the Maryland Court of Appeals. The court determined two police officers violated a man’s fourth amendment rights by conducting an unreasonable, warrantless search of his person after they found him in a vehicle that smelled like marijuana, reports NPR. “In the post-decriminalization era, the mere odor of marijuana coupled with possession of what is clearly less than ten grams of marijuana, absent other circumstances, does not grant officers the probable cause to effectuate an arrest and conduct a search,” the court ruled. According to the decision, had the officers merely searched the car due to the pot smell, they would have been within the law. But searching the suspect, Michael Pacheco himself, was going too far, making the discovery of marijuana unusable in court. Maryland decriminalized up to 10 grams of Cannabis in 2014. Possession of less than that amount is now considered a civil offense carrying a $100 fine.
Florida’s legal medical Cannabis market is second only to Oklahoma’s when it comes to growth rates, according to Marijuana Business Daily, reports the South Florida Sun Sentinel. Oklahoma, Florida, Ohio, Illinois and Maryland make up the top five for rate of medical marijuana growth, according to the Cannabis industry publication. Thirty-six states currently allow medicinal Cannabis. Oklahoma has the fastest growing medical marijuana market because of its relatively high percentage of medical Cannabis users, 4.1 percent of the state’s population. Here the state has “low barriers of entry, including the fact there’s no list of qualifying conditions for patients,” reports Marijuana Business Daily. Florida does have a list of qualifying conditions, and about 1.6 percent of the state’s population is registered with the MMJ program, according to the publication. Oklahoma gets an average of 641 new medical marijuana patients a day, according to the report, while Florida gets 609.
IDAHOANS FLOCK TO CANNABIS STORE ON OREGON BORDER A new pot shop on the Oregon-Idaho border enjoyed a spectacular first day of business, thanks to excited customers from Idaho, reports the Associated Press. When the store, Weedology, opened its doors in late July, customers from Idaho had been waiting in line for more than three hours, reports the Idaho Statesman. The parking lot had a large number of cars with Idaho license plates. The shop’s location near the state line, right off Interstate 84, means some Idaho residents now have to travel 15 minutes or less to buy legal weed. Legal that is, until they get back into Idaho. Nearly 200 customers were served in the first three hours of business, said Weedology GM Eric Lantz.
WHY CANADIANS ARE STILL BUYING ILLEGAL POT Nearly half of Canadian Cannabis consumers still buy their weed illegally, according to Canada’s National Cannabis Survey, released August 15. Ten months after the Great White North legalized recreational marijuana, 42 percent of those who use it admitted buying at least some of their supply from an illegal source, reports Quartz. Part of the issue is that the number of legal shops is rising slowly. Onerous registration procedures imposed by the federal government are largely to blame. Officials have recently reassessed the rules, hoping to ease the licensing bottleneck. Other prospective shop owners bemoan the unfairness of an existing license lottery system. Meanwhile, the licensed shops currently existing have consistently failed to meet consumer demand, according to the report.
By STEVE ELLIOTT, AUTHOR OF THE LITTLE BLACK BOOK OF MARIJUANA
HEMP FARMERS HIT WITH HAIL STORM
Freak weather pattern last month destroys large amounts of crops Hemp farmers in central Oregon are licking their wounds after an unruly storm on August 9th, where reported golf ball sized hail destroyed fields of hemp crops. According to Hemp Industry Daily, “Deschutes County Farm Bureau President Matt Cyrus, who also operates Triple C Farms, a hemp farm “400-500 ACRES BETWEEN near Sisters, estimates that 400-500 acres CLINE FALLS AND TUMALO between Cline Falls and Tumalo were either damaged or destroyed - amounting WERE EITHER DAMAGED to an estimated $25 million in losses.” OR DESTROYED...”
MORE LEGAL RED TAPE FOR MEDICAL GROWERS
Despite dwindling numbers of medical growers, new state policy requires them to link all patients with a specific plant. Recreational farms often blame OMMP growers for black market participation, despite already low plant counts for medical growers. According to the OLCC, “When a new planting, harvest, or package of usable marijuana is created, an affiliation between patient and marijuana item must be made to complete the “WHEN A NEW PLANTING, process. Since patient names will not be included, it is up to the GSA to determine HARVEST, OR PACKAGE OF USABLE MARIJUANA IS the appropriate patient/grower affiliation CREATED, AN AFFILIATION using the patient’s file and card number. Patient file and card numbers are printed BETWEEN PATIENT AND MARIJUANA ITEM MUST BE on the OMMP grow site registration card which should be displayed at the grow site.” MADE TO COMPLETE THE Additionally, House Bill 3200 will require PROCESS.” that any new or renewal application submitted to the OMMP starting January 1, 2020 that designates a grower and grow site, will need to provide signed informed consent from the owner of the property where the grow site will be located - if the patient or designated grower is not the owner of the property.
PORTLAND COMMISSIONER AMANDA FRITZ GETS REAL WITH “HELICOPTER PARENTS” Official defends proposed Cannabis retail shop in Sellwood Commissioner Amanda Fritz recently “DO YOU AVOID TAKING lectured a parent who disapproves YOUR CHILDREN TO of a proposed Cannabis dispensary RESTAURANTS WHERE next to his daughter’s kindergarten, ALCOHOL IS SERVED?” reports Willamette Week. Fritz instead asked, “Do you avoid taking your children to restaurants where alcohol is served?” The Portland chain Electric Lettuce is looking to open a shop in Sellwood, but many parents oppose. However, despite the parents’ puritanical whining, according to Oregon law, Electric Lettuce is well within legal protocol to move forward with licensing.
STORIES by SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR
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IN HONOR OF OUR TANNINS AND TERPENES ISSUE, I WANT TO SPEND SOME TIME THIS MONTH LOOKING AT THE IMPORTANCE OF FULL SPECTRUM EXTRACTS VERSUS ISOLATED EXTRACTS AND HOW TO ENJOY THEM TO THEIR FULL POTENTIAL...
FULL SPECTRUM EXTRACTS vs. ISOLATED EXTRACTS
annabis is a holistic medicine, which of this modern age of Cannabis is that means we get the best results the less we we don’t have to look for flowers that are refine the plant away from its original swollen with salt-based nutrients in order to spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes. The get effective medicine. more we try to isolate Cannabis down to one We have access to hundreds of hash, specific cannabinoid or terpene, the less effecextract, and edible brands that allow cultitive it becomes as medicine. vators to focus on making the best medicine This isolated medicine therapy might be they can without worrying, engineering more effective once our universities are green ever-increasing potency. lit to research Cannabis in this country, and Here’s a good music analogy to better we have a better understanding of the understand full spectrum vs. isolated Matthew Meyers is functions of each compound. Just as extracts: Full spectrum extract is ama longtime Cannabis we have been evolving our understand- community member plified, making the original sounds and Oregon Leaf ing of what makes Cannabis flowers louder but the same, whereas an contributor, hailing effective medicine, our understanding of from Hood River. isolate is filtered and refined to extracts and edibles made from them is sound one specific way. constantly evolving. When analyzing Cannabis, Whether you’re eating, vaporizing or we are starting to look further than just what it applying Cannabis topically, you will get the looks and smells like, or tests at. strongest effect from a full spectrum extract, We are learning it’s important to ask how as it just amplifies the original cannabinoid the flower was cultivated, primarily the nutrients compounds without drastically altering or it was fed. I think one of the major blessings filtering them.
If you are looking to vaporize or dab your full spectrum, terpene rich extracts, I highly recommend investing in and learning how to properly use a system that allows for low, consistent vaporization temperatures. The easiest method is an e-nail unit that maintains a constant temperature, compared to a torched nail that is cooling the second you stop heating it. Because of the constant loss of heat, we normally start our dab a little early as to not waste oil. Using the e-nail, the dabbing surface is always at a constant, so you get maximum enjoyment and uptake of some of the more volatile compounds that might burn off at higher temperatures. I recommend an e-nail that features a coil that wraps around the sides and bottom of your banger. Personally, I prefer a larger 30mm banger to increase my surface area and stop the oil from pooling up. Try comparing your options and finding a controller, coil, and nail combination that will fit your personal needs and budget!
CANNABIS IS A HOLISTIC MEDICINE, WHICH MEANS WE GET THE BEST RESULTS THE LESS WE REFINE THE PLANT AWAY FROM ITS ORIGINAL SPECTRUM OF CANNABINOIDS AND TERPENES. SEPT. 2019
STORY by MATTHEW MEYERS @EARLMCDABSITY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
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highly likely #49
Highlighting Cannabis pioneers who paved the way to greater herbal acceptance.
MARGARET MEAD HOW A CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGIST MADE THE CASE FOR CANNABIS YEARS AGO
YOU ’ D B E F O R G I V E N F O R N O T K N OW I N G T H E N A M E M A R G A R E T M E A D . S H E PA S S E D AWAY I N 1 9 78 A N D WAS M A I N LY K N OW N I N AC A D E M I C C I R C L E S , B U T M E A D WAS A L S O P E R T I N E N T T O T H E Z E I T G E I S T O F T H E L AT E 6 0 S A N D E A R LY 70 S . Margaret Mead was a cultural anthropologist. This branch of anthropology is concerned with studying human society, its unique cultures, and the development of those cultures over time. In her groundbreaking work, Mead made great strides in the area of ethnological field observations - or observing a culture while immersing oneself inside of it. In the 1920s and 30s, Mead began an ethnographic study that would become the launching pad for her career and celebrity. In studying the attitudes toward sex in the cultures of Southeast Asia and the South Pacific, Mead produced a landmark study that would later influence the sexual revolution of the 1960s. These studies made it clear that the cultures and attitudes towards sex in the societies she studied were in many ways quite different from the ideals of the western world. She also found in many of the societies that women played a more dominant role than men. These studies became foundational in the burgeoning feminist movement of the 1960s. Mead was a deft communicator of her ideas and findings in cultural anthropology. So much so, that she was often featured as an expert in mass media. This attention ultimately resulted in her being promoted to become the President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In
this capacity and others, she was called before varied branches of government many times to testify using her unique expertise on a number of issues. In 1969, she appeared before a senate committee hearing on Cannabis and advocated for its legalization: “It is my considered opinion that at present that marihuana is not harmful unless it is taken in enormous and excessive amounts. I believe that we are damaging this country, damaging our law, our whole law enforcement situation, damaging the trust between the older people and younger people by its prohibition, and this is far more serious than any damage that might be done to a few over-users, because you can get damage from any kind of overuse.” When she passed away in 1978, Margaret Mead was the most famous anthropologist in the world. Through her work, many people learned about anthropology and its holistic view of the human race while also learning about tolerance. When it came to the legalization of Cannabis, it seems that’s all she was asking for.
MEAD WAS CALLED BEFORE VARIED BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT MANY TIMES TO TESTIFY USING HER UNIQUE EXPERTISE ON A NUMBER OF ISSUES.
STORY by PACER STACKTRAIN
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“I treat chronic pain, insomnia, and anxiety associated with hypermobility spectrum disorder, Sjogren’s syndrome, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Tietze syndrome, osteoarthritis, and sacroiliac joint dysfunction,”
Taya Northrop, an East Coast transplant, moved to Oregon with her family to improve her health and wellbeing. Nothrop deals with Hashimoto thyroiditis and hypermobility spectrum disorder - along with a list of other health conditions - and has found that Cannabis helps effectively treat her spectrum of issues holistically. After obtaining her card in 2014, she has been an OMMP patient ever since. Northrop is a Virginia native who began using Cannabis with caution, due to the risky nature of potentially being persecuted for possession. Despite the legal obstacles, what began as pure recreation evolved into conscious medication. “I am from one of those states where it was always seriously risky to medicate, but I have done so off and on since about 1996,” Taya recalled. “As a younger person, I leaned in harder on recreating, but as I aged it became straight up medicating in about 2006.” As someone who deals with a slew of issues, treating everything with pharmaceuticals gets exhausting because pills add up and often produce unwanted side effects. Cannabis provides a spectrum of treatment which helps consolidate chronic pain management. “I treat chronic pain, insomnia, and anxiety associated with hypermobility spectrum disorder, Sjogren’s syndrome, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Tietze syndrome, osteoarthritis, and sacroiliac joint dysfunction,” said Taya. “My first card arrived in April of 2014. I was new to Oregon, dispensary licensing was new, and I could finally get everything I needed to start improving my health situation.” After more and more Cannabis research was made available to the public, Taya was able to concisely pinpoint what types of cannabinoids
apR. 2019 SEPT. 2019
helped for what she was specifically dealing with. Before moving to Oregon, Taya was mostly limited to consuming flower without knowing what strain she was using, and had to accept what her dealer gave her. “For complex medical reasons (targeting the CB2 receptor for possible immunomodulation), I look for strains that are heavy on caryophyllene and a-humulene, which helps my all over inflammation,” she stated. “Well known strains that I like are Platinum GSC, a well done Dog Walker, Sour Diesel, White Widow, and maybe even a little Green Crack for its heavy myrcene.” Taya has found that decarbed oil tinctures work best when experiencing a painful flare-up. Edibles provide patients with durational potency that isn’t possible with the combustion of either flower or extracts. After five years of trial and error, Taya has successfully stabilized her health and primarily consumes flower for day-to-day pain management. As Taya said, “When I’m in a great deal of pain, I like decarbed oil tinctures because they are strong and they don’t burn, so you can take a large dose. I use those in conjunction with 2:1 CBD and THC topicals. For everyday maintenance, I’m thankful to be in a good place after five years in Oregon, and I only consume flower at this time. It feel more secure in WHAT’S my life to know that I can access other products at WORKED medicinal doses whenever the need arises.” FOR HER Although Taya has managed to successfully treat > STRAINS HIGH IN herself, there are still additional hurdles of being an CARYOPHYLLENE AND A-HUMULENE TO HELP OMMP patient. WITH INFLAMMATION. “I’m sure other people have said it before, but > 2:1 CBD AND THC it’s not easy to travel to prohibition states. Leaving TOPICALS FOR Oregon isn’t the issue, but being able to medicate at PAIN MAINTENANCE your destination without fear of prosecution makes travel to places like Virginia (my home state) unappealing, since Cannabis is my primary pain reliever. I am privileged to have my doctor sign my recommendation.” As it stands today, Taya is a patient for one of the last OMMP growers in the state, but her access is limited due to plant limits for growers. “Plant limits for medical growers combined with fierce competition with the recreational market have all but crippled the supply for patients in Oregon,” she explained. “My grower has to work a day job.”
INTERVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTO by CHRIS RYAN @CANNABIS.PHOTO
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GREG&JANICEMASON GRATEFUL GREENERY Co-owners
WHEN DID YOU FIRST BEGIN USING CANNABIS?
JANICE & GREG: Both of us began using Cannabis at age 14 and it has been a huge part of our lives ever since! It has never hindered our ability to perform academically or in general for that matter, as Janice went on to get her master’s and graduated with an exceptionally high GPA.
WHAT GOT YOU INTO THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY?
J: For us, it all came down to a discussion with Greg’s parents. They loved the idea of us moving west to pursue our dream, and from that point forward it was full steam ahead. G: I got into the industry when I was younger. During my college years I used to help some friends out here and there. After my Cannabis sales passed my Aamco Transmissions shop income, I knew that one day I needed to make the transition into owning a Cannabis related business. Every day I am reminded that I made the right decision!
HAVE YOU ALWAYS HAD A LOVE OF GROWING?
J&G: Learning to grow was like discovering pot for the the first time all over again. Our love for cultivation developed by having the need to cultivate. Prior to moving from the East Coast to Oregon, our background was in edible production. Eventually we wanted to start more of our own propagation and create the starting material that was sourcing our edibles. Every day we learn something new. We are always trying to change our growing techniques based on what strains of flower we currently have in rotation. Our team comes together and really tries to shoot for the stars!
WHICH STRAINS DO YOU PREFER AND WHAT’S YOUR PREFERRED METHOD OF CONSUMPTION?
J: White Tahoe Cookies, Double Dream, and Super Lemon Haze are some of my favorites lately. Also our Dead Head OG, which happened to win “Best Hybrid” at Budfest earlier this summer! Our White Tahoe Cookies took home a trophy as well at Oregon’s Growers Cup. Smoking flower out of a bowl is my go-to though. G: Dead Head OG and Gelato have been a few of my top picks this year. Ultra Violence is a new one that’s soon to come out on our menu and not to be missed. I like to smoke out of a nice clean glass pipe while at home. If I’m on the go, I prefer a hemp blunt. I like how slow they burn and how much longer they last than a traditional paper. I’ve always loved flower, the whole ritual of it. Breaking it up, smelling it, putting it in the bowl - the whole process has always been something I’ve enjoyed. When you take out some of that process, it’s not as enjoyable for me.
WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE SETTING TO ENJOY CANNABIS IN?
G: My favorite setting is sitting on the back porch of our property and taking in all the beauty Oregon has to offer. “Everywhere,” chimes in Janice.
“EVERY DAY WE LEARN SOMETHING NEW. WE ARE ALWAYS TRYING TO CHANGE OUR GROWING TECHNIQUES BASED ON WHAT STRAINS OF FLOWER WE CURRENTLY HAVE IN ROTATION. OUR TEAM COMES TOGETHER AND REALLY TRIES TO SHOOT FOR THE STARS!”
WHAT ARE THE BIGGEST CHALLENGES YOU’VE FACED IN THE INDUSTRY AND WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO SEE CHANGE?
J&G: One of the biggest challenges is keeping up with the new OLCC regulations that are constantly being created. Having a confident staff and metric specialist to help cross train with us makes a world of a difference. We are continuously keeping ourselves up to date with any changes, which can be draining at times. It can be very costly as well, as having such a large plant count requires us to purchase a ton of plant tags. As far as change, we would like to see more banking options instead of just one. It would be nice for the OLCC to dumb it down a bit, but we understand that these rules are set in place for a reason and respect them accordingly. Our question is, do other agriculture products require this kind of tracking? Could it be simpler? At the end of the day, we are just happy to be a part of the legal industry and have a place in the Oregon Cannabis market. GratefulGreenery.com @TheGratefulGreenery A Stoner Owner is a Cannabis business owner who has a relationship with the plant. We want to buy and smoke Cannabis from companies that care about their products, employees and the plant. You wouldn’t buy food from a restaurant where the cooks don’t eat in the kitchen, so why buy corporate weed grown by a company only concerned with profits? Stoner Owner approval means a company cares, and we love weed grown with care. Look for the Stoner Owner stamp when purchasing fine Cannabis, and let’s retake our culture and reshape a stigma by honoring those who grow, process and sell the best Cannabis possible.
INTERVIEW by MAX EARLY @LIFTED_STARDUST | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
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BUDTENDER OF THE MONTH
“I’VE FOUND IT REFRESHING TO KNOW THAT PEOPLE TRUST THE CANNABIS PLANT FOR MEDICINE AND ARE COMING TO BUDTENDERS TO FIND OUT WHAT THE BEST PRODUCT IS FOR THEIR NEEDS.”
EMILYSHUFORD This wildly successful store carries so many brands and products. At the time of this writing, they had 177 varieties of flower alone on their shelves. Yes, AmericannaRx probably has what you want – but you’ll need a budtender to help you find what you need. Fortunately, AmericannaRx has some very good budtenders. WHAT ARE YOUR HOBBIES OUTSIDE OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY? My main activity lately has been trying to be outside as much as possible, seeing something new in someplace new with my dog Kilo and my boyfriend Vito. I love going to museums and galleries when there’s a good exhibit on display. Art has always been one of my long time passions, so if I have the time and patience that day, I love to paint and do arts and crafts.
and help a lot with first cannabis experience? my stomach. The My first experience with terpenes found in Cannabis was when I americannarx both those strains was 13 years old. I was are caryophyllene, a freshman at Beaverton 8654 NE Sandy Blvd Portland, OR limonene and High School. I was 971-254-4581 linalool, which gives at one of my friend’s 8am-10pm daily them their peppery, houses on a Friday AmericannaRx.com earthy and floral night, and one of my aromas. I also like Sour Tangie other friends brought a small bag and Sour Diesel - both euphoric of Obama Kush. We weren’t able sativas - for their alertness, to smoke inside so we had to stress relief, elevated mood and go on the side of the house. We memory retention. smoked out of a bong that we all called ‘the tomato’. I was so high HOW DO YOU FIND THE RIGHT STRAINS that entire day. Later that night FOR A CUSTOMER? WHAT GOES INTO THE we all watched Super Troopers EDUCATION OF THE STAFF? and I got so caught up in it that Every dispensary I’ve ever worked I honestly thought it was all a in was always in a different part dream. I woke up the next day still of the Portland metro area. just as high as the day before. Every store also specializes in something that makes it stand out HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN A BUDTENDER AND from the rest. At AmericannaRx, WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE PART OF THE JOB? I always ask if there is anything I’ve been budtending since April specific they’re looking for today, 2016, starting right around 4/20. how much are they looking to I love honing my ability to be able spend, and do THC and CBD to communicate with a wide range percentages matter to them. of people from all over the world, Of all the shops I have not just the country or state. This been to and have worked at, has always been a benefit for me AmericannaRx has some of the due to the fact that speaking and most experienced budtenders in writing were always the hardest the industry. subjects for me. Since we are the most high I’ve found it refreshing to know volume dispensary with the most that people trust the Cannabis options in the state of Oregon, plant for medicine and are coming we have a ton of vendors that to budtenders to find out what the always inform us on up and best product is for their needs. coming new products, and hand The majority of patients I’ve out sheets and booklets to help helped seem to know the harmful us understand their product more side effects that pharmaceuticals - going more in depth on how to can have on someone. My dad is use the products. a prime example of that. FAVORITE WAY TO USE CANNABIS? I would say that if I could choose one way, it would be a joint. Being able to taste the full flavor and freshness of the flower has always been one of my main factors with smoking, as well as being on the go or on a gorgeous hike or walk with my dog, Kilo. There’s nothing like zoning out smoking some good flower with my fur baby and my boyfriend, Vito. WHAT ARE YOUR FAVORITE STRAINS, TERPENE EFFECTS AND PROFILES? The strains that will always have my heart are Obama Kush and OG Kush for their sedating, calming, and stress relieving nature. They also help to suppress body pains due to my high anxiety
WHAT MAKES YOUR SHOP’S APPROACH TO CUSTOMER SERVICE DIFFERENT? I’m lucky to work with enormously talented, knowledgeable and compassionate Cannabis people. We stock great brands, including our own TJ’s Gardens and Yerba Buena, as well as many others that have been around since the medical days like Nelson & Co, Peak Extracts and Echo Electuary. We have a beautifully designed store that is modern, cozy and welcoming. And of course, we do coffee! We have been open for three months and I’ve absolutely loved getting to know our neighbors and local community, and to be able to provide some of the best medicine in town at affordable prices.
KNOW A GREAT BUDTENDER? NOMINATE THEM FOR BUDTENDER OF THE MONTH: THEPACKERSTACKTRAIN@GMAIL.COM
INTERVIEW by PACER STACKTRAIN | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
www.exoticblendzpdx.com For use only by adults 21 and older. Keep out of reach of children. Do not drive a motor vehicle while under the influence of marijuana.
jolly tinctures CBD 10:1 • CBD Max • THC • Full Spectrum • CBD 1:1
541-508-2708 • firstname.lastname@example.org • @dr.jollys.bend • jollybend.com Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out reach of children.
420 BLAIR BLVD, EUGENE, OR | 10AM-10PM DAILY | (541) 393-6820 | TWENTYAFTERFOUR.COM
TWENTY AFTER FOUR STRAINS 4/5 Twenty After Four offers a wide variety of
gardens based locally to the Eugene area, including Sugar Top Buddery, Genesis Farms, Capital Cannabis and Wisely Organics. At this dispensary, they tier their pricing based on shelf height, with bottom shelf ($5/gram), middle shelf ($10/gram) and top shelf ($13/gram). This makes for a very user friendly experience and leaves no room for confusion. In addition, Twenty After Four boasts a large selection of prerolls displayed on two gorgeous honeycomb shaped wooden shelves. Purple Trainwreck, Don Draper, Animal Face and Hidden Pastry were all currently in stock during my visit.
4/5 Smokiez, Tasty’s Cookies, Wana Gummies and
Pacific Waves lined the shelves, providing a ton of sweet options. If you are searching for a more medicinally valuable edible, don’t fret, as Twenty After Four carries Siskiyou, Genesis Pharms, and RA Cannabis products including whole plant tinctures and FECO.
CONCENTRATES 3/5 This is one area where Twenty After Four might
be able to improve. While carrying a decent amount of hydrocarbon extracts and cartridges, there were only a few higher-end brands on the shelf while I was there.
5/5 One thing Twenty After Four certainty isn’t
lacking is a well-rounded, knowledgeable and efficient staff. Their budtenders were quick to provide any desired information and happy to help educate. A huge highlight is their oxygen wellness bar, which is infused with true terpenes. This combination of aromatherapy and hyperbaric oxygen promotes new nerve growth in the brain, stimulates oxygenation, and can help reduce stress, agitation and anxiety. In addition, Twenty After Four carries a boat load of glass art, crafts, and clothing crafted by artists local to the Eugene area.
QUICK HIT 17/20 Located in the culturally diverse Whitaker
neighborhood, Twenty After Four is Eugene’s first medicinal and recreational dispensary. The budtenders make you feel very welcome with their extremely genuine and authentic vibes. During my visit, I experienced first hand a ton of deep thought, intention, and care put into each costumer interaction. Whether they are helping you find a product or taking the time to listen to your day, Twenty After Four truly puts their patients and customers first!
BUDTENDER LUCAS LONGLEY EXPLAINS THE OXYGEN BAR
A HUGE HIGHLIGHT IS THEIR OXYGEN WELLNESS BAR, WHICH IS INFUSED WITH TRUE TERPENES. THIS COMBINATION OF AROMATHERAPY AND HYPERBARIC OXYGEN PROMOTES NEW NERVE GROWTH IN THE BRAIN, STIMULATES OXYGENATION, AND CAN HELP REDUCE STRESS, AGITATION AND ANXIETY.
CHEMKONG Gaia’s Ganja Garden CHEM KONG is a cross between GG #4 and three Chem varieties. This cultivar is crafted by Gaia’s Ganja Garden, a micro tier 1, organic no-till living soil garden based locally in Whitaker! After removing some stems and placing a few sticky buds into my AROMA 5/5 DENSITY 4/5 grinder, I experienced a skunky and fuel like terpenes emission. I hand CURE 4/5 rolled a near perfect joint, dry pulled LOOKS 4/5 it a few times before sparking it, and FLAVOR 5/5 EFFECT 5/5 got an overall earthy/piney aroma. TOTAL 27/30 This flavor remained throughout the entire joint start to finish, and left an extremely pleasant taste in my mouth afterwards! This strain provided me with instant body relief followed by a heavy euphoria. $13/g, 20.21% THC
Natural Gas Extracts
SUNSETLEMONSHERBET LIVEHASHROSIN TASTE 5/5 EFFECT 4/5 PKGNG 4/5 VALUE 4/5 TOTAL 17/20
NATURAL GAS EXTRACTS has been dropping some serious heat in the solventless category! Sunset Lemon Sherbet is a cross between Pink Panties and GSC, bred by the elusive Sherbinski. After popping open one of their stylish square shaped jars, my nose was met with a delectably smooth and creamy scent, an attribute from the GSC lineage. Taking a low-temp dab created an entirely new flavor profile, which to me expressed itself to be very sharp and tart like a banana flavored Runts candy. Being an indica dominant strain, this Sunset Lemon Sherbet live hash rosin may offer relief to anyone with anxiety, depression or PTSD symptoms, as it has a very sedative and calming effect. $70/g, 73.14% THC
REVIEWED by MAX EARLY @LIFTED_STARDUST | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
ROSEWAY ORGANICS 7420 NE SANDY BLVD PORTLAND, OR 10AM-8PM MON.-SAT. 11AM-5PM SUNDAYS (503) 477-4368 @ROSEWAYORGANICSPDX ROSEWAYORGANICS.COM
ENVIRONMENT & VIBE 4/5 Roseway Organics is a locally-owned
dispensary located off Sandy Boulevard near 82nd Avenue. The quaint, corrugated steel shop is run by a tight knit team in the southeast Portland hood. Here you’ll find a small, stand alone building complete with a roomy parking lot with handicap spots and an easily (ADA) accessible entrance. A one floor building with a large showroom, it’s open and clean, complete with a living plant wall.
STRAINS 4/5 There are price options aplenty at
Roseway Organics! This dispensary stocks a modest selection with competitive pricing, ranging from $5 prerolls and grams up to $14 flower grams. Definitely try the Cowboy Kush by Highland Provisions if you’re into top shelf, gassy strains. This strain is all gas, no brake - don’t say I didn’t warn you!
CONCENTRATES 4/5 Featuring a fair selection of concen-
trates, a clear standout is the Happy Cabbage Orange Ganache. Potent and pure, this concentrate is highly recommend for solventless lovers.
CUSTOMER SERVICE 5/5 Customer service is a standout at Rose-
way Organics! I was greeted warmly upon entry, and the staff was knowledgeable about the products and happy to walk me through their selection. I always appreciate smart - but unpretentious - budtenders when I meet them, and the guys at their shop were nothing short of gentlemen. They are familiar or use most of the products within the store, so you feel like you’re making informed decisions when shopping for Cannabis products.
THE QUAINT, CORRUGATED STEEL SHOP IS RUN BY A TIGHT KNIT TEAM IN THE SOUTHEAST PORTLAND AREA.
ORANGEGANACHE SOLVENTLESSROSIN Processed by Happy Cabbage Farms Cultivated by Gadsden Gardens
ROSEWAY ORGANICS BUDTENDER NATHAN, OWNER & MANAGER SOPHIA, BUDTENDER ANDY, AND MANAGER NOEL, AT THE SHOP, CELEBRATING ITS 2ND ANNIVERSARY THIS MONTH.
Hash aficionados rejoice! If you prefer high-grade solventless extracts you must try this. The Orange Ganache rosin is full of tangy notes of orange blossoms mixed with a creamy vanilla musk and sour citrus undertones. The appearance resembles creamy cookie batter or glossy apple butter. Keep it refrigerated for freshness and terpene retention. Upon opening the jar I detected tangy lemon and orange notes, a sweet cake-y finish, orange blossom, vanilla frosting, and undertones of sour citrus. Cracked pepper and lemon curd also linger. I would describe the first dab as incredibly soft, enhanced with a citrus musk that allows the ganache-like flavor to actually live up to its name. I thought the tangy citrus funk of the nose would hit harder on the palate, but the soft, vanilla flavor outpaced its fruity counterparts. The citrus and orange blossom notes arrived subtly on the exhale. A relaxing and easy high. The onset is comfortable without being racy or overwhelming. It’s a self-reflective high that brings you inward and back to your breath. Anyone who deals with anxiety or needing to unwind would definitely benefit from the effects of this strain. I would describe it as the perfect dab to transition you from work mode into peace and tranquility. 89.5% THC
COWBOYKUSH AROMA 3/5 DENSITY 5/5 CURE 5/5 LOOKS 4/5 FLAVOR 2/5 EFFECT 4/5 TOTAL 23/30
This strain is rocking well-cured, chunky, tight buds with foxtails similar to strains like Dawgwalker. A sight to behold! If you’re into strains like GMO Cookies, this is the weed for you. OG Kush inhale with a gassy fuel finish - premium, not unleaded. You’ll also notice strong notes of freshly minced garlic and undertones of herbaceous fennel. Incredibly smooth smoke despite the punchy terpenes present. A euphoric and racy high to start, bringing the heavy eyelids so don’t forget your eye drops. Cowboy Kush has the feel of an OG Kush, but with a potent head high that reminds me of a Headband variety. I recommend this strain for veteran smokers who enjoy the rush. $14/g, 33.28% THC
REVIEWED by SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
THIS PRODUCT HAS INTOXICATING EFFECTS AND MAY BE HABIT FORMING. MARIJUANA CAN IMPAIR CONCENTRATION, COORDINATION, AND JUDGMENT. DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THIS DRUG. THERE MAY BE HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH CONSUMPTION OF THIS PRODUCT. FOR USE ONLY BY ADULTS TWENTY-ONE YEARS OF AGE AND OLDER. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
STRAIN OF THE MONTH
22.43% THC | 5.62% TERPENES
“SNAPPING A FEW BUDS OFF THE STEM REVEALED INTENSE, NOSTRIL FLARING NOTES OF ROADKILL, SKUNK AND DIESEL FUMES.”
SOUR SAGE #11 is a Sage Cookies x Sour Grapefruit Kush cross bred by Frost City Gardens. The Gnome Grown crew hunted and selected this phenotype in the fall of 2018. I was graciously provided with a rather large nug as my review sample. Snapping a few buds off the stem revealed intense, nostril flaring notes of roadkill, skunk and diesel fumes. A grinder is most definitely necessary, as the trichomes cling to the fingers like sticky traps. I rolled up a few joints with some friends and we all enjoyed the incredibly smooth and flavorful smoke. Notes of sour milk and roadkill on the inhale, followed by sour grapefruit and cookie dough on the exhale. The effects were pretty well-balanced and focused, as I was able to knock out a few chores after smoking a joint to the face. I’d recommend this strain to patients and consumers looking for a functional daytime smoke. GnomeGrownOrganics.com | follow @GnomeGrownOrganics
GNOME GROWN ORGANICS
SOUR# SAGE 11
REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE oregonlEAF.COM
Terpenes are produced by the trichomes of the plant - the same place where THC is produced, as a way of producing resins and protecting the plant from pests. These aromatic compounds are found all over nature and the plant world, and are the source of essential oils and many naturopathic medicines. Luckily for us, they provide powerfully beneficial effects on the mind and body when combined with cannabinoids. There are more than 120 types of terpenes that have been found in Cannabis, and they are largely responsible for what we view as expressions of strains, the taste and flavor, and the highs we associate and enjoy with our favorite Cannabis. The Entourage Effect
Beyond great flavor, terpenes actually assist cannabinoids in entering the bloodbrain barrier, and providing the high that we love. This is a synergistic relationship on a chemical level, and is why the plant has the effects we associate with strains. As youâ€™ll see below, the common terpenes found in Cannabis have diverse effects and flavors. These terpenes exist in nature through fruits and herbs, and have been used therapeutically in natural medicines for thousands of years. This is where the science of natural terpenes meets Cannabis, all in a beneficial form known as the entourage effect. Every time you use Cannabis, the entourage effect is responsible for delivering your high.
Why terps matter and why THC percentages donâ€™t. Simply put, without terpenes, Cannabis would be very boring. This is why asking for high THC is a useless way to purchase Cannabis. A strain with 15% THC and high terpene levels will certainly provide a stronger, more dynamic high than a basic 25-30% THC strain that has been cultivated only for the chemical - not the effects. This is most evident when comparing concentrates, like distillate versus solventless, hydrocarbon or CO2 concentrate.
For patients and connoisseurs alike, terpenes and flavor are what define purchasing at the dispensary. Luckily Alaska allows for deli style Cannabis sales, which means consumers can and should get their noses into jars! Smelling different strains is the best way to tell what your body is needing, and what meets your personal taste preferences. When smelling five to ten strains, usually one or two will smell or feel better, and often one or two will not. This is more than simply smelling a flower though! When your body smells Cannabis, the terpenes take effect aromatically, much like essential oils, and deliver signals to your body before you ever smoke the bud. Listen to your body, follow your nose, and ask for terpene tests and strain genetics/ legacy before worrying about the THC percentages. Chances are, it really doesnâ€™t matter.
Common Terpenes & Powerful Effects Myrcene The most common terpene found in Cannabis, this terpene has earthy, musky and kush notes, and is known for sedative effects. Also found in mangos that enhance its effect, Myrcene offers anti-inflammatory benefits and is helpful for chronic pain and helping with cancer treatments as a supplement.
Limonene The terpene limonene is also found in citrus fruits like oranges and tangerines. Limonene is a potent anti-fungal and anti-cancer agent, helping naturally reduce the presence of carcinogens in the body. It’s also a mood-elevating terpene that relieves anxiety, along with a signature lemony fuel flavor.
Linalool Kushy, spicy and floral, Linalool brings a lot of flavor to different strains. Also found in lavender, mint, cinnamon and coriander, linalool is a powerful sedative and great for pain, depression, arthritis, seizures and insomnia.
Caryophyllene Spicy and peppery, this terpene is found in black pepper, cloves, and other natural spices like basil or oregano. The only terpene that bonds to CB2 receptors, which is how the body takes in cannabinoids, this anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving terpene has also been noted as a potential helper in reducing alcohol dependency.
Alpha/Beta-Pinene Responsible for the piney flavored strains we love, these twin terpenes are bronchodilators and can help with respiratory function and oxygen circulation, and have great promise for asthma. They also have anti-inflammatory effects, and have shown benefits for arthritis, Crohn’s disease and in cancer treatments.
Humulene The most common terpene found in hops, a sister plant to Cannabis, its woodsy and citrus flavors are found in lemongrass, jasmine and tea tree oil. This unique terpene also has antiparasitic properties, is an antioxidant, and brings antimicrobial and antifungal properties that also directly counteract cancer growth.
Terpineol Blame this terpene for the couch lock effects. This relaxing terpene is floral with notes of anise and mint. In addition to relaxing effects, it’s also an antibiotic!
Others... As mentioned above, there are over 100 other terpenes commonly found in Cannabis, and all have medicinal effects! When looking at a test result that contains terpenes, look for these common elements, and remember that a small amount goes a long way. While the percentages will never be as high as THC - and we wouldn’t want them to be - the effects of terpenes are truly the best part of consuming Cannabis!
STORY by WES ABNEY @BEARDEDLORAX
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
NW KIND & HIGH VALLEY SOUR APPLE PULL AND SNAP with Bauman’s Clyde’s Dry Cider REVIEW by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
TANNINS BAUMAN’S is a classic farmstead operation that recently began bottling and selling their cider into grocery stores like Green Zebra, and specialty bottle shops like The BeerMongers. This delicious cider is a beautifully approachable, balanced brew that can please both beer drinkers and cider enthusiasts alike. On the front of the palate, it smacks your mouth with tart, apple peel like tannins. Definitely dry but by no means devoid of flavor. The mid-palate brings a crispy and effervescent mouthfeel. On the back end, a luscious yet subtle sweetness coats the mouth. There is minimal acidity as well, making it very novice friendly and easy on the gut. Locally crafted in Gervais, Oregon using more than a dozen different apple varietals, all of Bauman’s ciders are made in the traditional method of fermenting apples in barrels, giving them more tannic expressions thanks to the extended contact with wood.
6.9% ABV, $7/500ml BaumansCider.com
TERPENES THIS AWESOME
THE PAIRING Sometimes, when you bring amazing flavors together,
the end result just doesn’t translate like it ought to. Other times, it’s as if the flavors were made to be brought together, just meant to be. Peanut butter and jelly, ketchup and mustard, and in this case, apple and apple. These two apple-inspired products blend beautifully, offering uplifting and inspired effects for the consumer. On the palate, they each have a chance to shine and gracefully complement rather than overpower one another.
collaboration between OG Oregon processors NW Kind and Southern Oregon’s High Valley (formerly High Valley Organics, featured in the November 2017 Harvest Issue) is an absolute steal at just $20. Sour Apple is a cross between the ultra-classic Sour Diesel and local favorite Cinderella 99. The strain serves up an intense cerebral kick, especially in dab form. With over 4% terpenes, there is plenty of flavor and there are, as one would imagine with a name like Sour Apple, some subtle green apple notes on the palate - especially when dabbed in the 560-580 degree range.
65.92% THC, 0% CBD, 4% terpenes $20/g via Get Greenery
CULTIVATED INDUSTRIES FORUM COOKIES with Claim 52 Bird Up Milkshake IPA with Strawberries REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON
TANNINS THE BEER poured a pale pink hue with medium to light carbonation. Vanilla up front, strawberries on the back end with the lactose rounding it all together. A well executed milkshake IPA, as it wasn’t sweet or artificial tasting like many others are. 7.3% ABV
TERPENES FORUM COOKIES has always carried a distinctly sweet, dough like terpene profile that I’ve associated with fresh baked pastries. I thought a milkshake style IPA would be the perfect pairing as they tend to have a creamy taste and mouthfeel from the lactose and the vanilla.
24.95% THC, 0.05% CBD CultivatedIndustries.com
THE PAIRING While sipping the Bird Up, I packed a few bowls of the Forum Cookies. Notes of vanilla frosting, fuel and
cake batter danced around my taste buds in synchronicity. Each hit was flavorful, smooth, and paired well with the vanilla forward flavors of the IPA. This “milk and cookies” style pairing is a great way to end the day or start your weekend. As always, these combinations are purely for flavor exploration and should be consumed in moderation. PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS | PROPS & STYLING by MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
LEIF GOODS COFFEE CRUNCH BAR with Abacela’s Vintner’s Blend #1 Umpqua Valley, Southern Oregon REVIEW by TOM BOWERS @PROPAGATECONSULTANTS
TANNINS ABACELA produces phenomenal wines inspired by the Spanish winemaking tradition in its home nestled in the hills of Southern Oregon. A melange dominated by Termpranillo, Malbec, and Syrah but boasting nearly a dozen varietals - their Vintner’s Blend #19 provides the perfect entry point into their lineup of stellar reds. Featuring slightly sweet dried cherry and earthy notes complemented by a bright acidity and a modest, middleweight mouthfeel, this balanced wine finishes with a softly tannic brush of the tongue. For the price, it’s hard to find a better red blend in your local shop.
13.7% ABV, $18/750ml Abacela.com
TERPENES LEIF GOODS never disappoints! The Portland-based company’s chocolate bars stand among the company’s top-tier offerings, combining quality manufacturing, simple but attractive presentation, and innovative flavor combinations. To pair with a balanced red wine like Abacela’s Vintner’s Blend #19, we recommend Leif Goods’ Coffee Crunch 1:1 Chocolate Bar. The milky, round mouthfeel of the 43% cacao chocolate acts as a mellow base for assertive coffee flavors, with the golden richness of the biscotti dusting providing a nutty crunch.
40mg THC, 40mg CBD per bar $16-20, LeifGoods.com
THE PAIRING This chocolate bar would stand on its own without any active effects - it’s that good.
That said, the 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD mellows out the head and body, and when paired with the Abacela blend, the bright, fruity notes of the wine bring out the naturally fruity characteristics of the cacao and coffee beans. Together, the two create a perfect balance - the type of pairing that makes your eyes roll back in your head as you sigh, letting the decadent experience wash over you.
CROWN B ALCHEMY LEMON & LIME HIGH 5 ELIXIR with Deconstructed Margarita REVIEW by WES ABNEY @BEARDEDLORAX
TANNINS WE CHOSE to combine the elixir into a simple non-blended margarita using local tequila, a splash of margarita mix and agave, but you can easily blend your own margarita to a specific style or taste!
TERPENES THIS HYBRID LEMON & LIME ELIXIR contains 50mg of THC in a bottle the size of a shot, and is flavored with all natural ingredients and antioxidants. It has a bright flavor and smell right out of the bottle, and almost tastes like a concentrated soda syrup with a definite Cannabis flavor hinting at a buzz to come. 50mg THC,
THE PAIRING The classic
combination of lemon and lime is uniquely versatile and always delicious, which makes the High 5 Cannabis Elixir a perfect additive to any pairing of tannins and terpenes. The shot has all the lemon and lime needed to make the drink a hit! The High 5 Elixir also blends well into a mocktail using tonic water as the base, so itâ€™s easy to skip the alcohol and enjoy a tasty Cannabis buzz on the rocks. PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS | PROPS & STYLING by MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
HQ FARMS KEY LIME PIE with Watari Bune Junmai Ginjo “The 55” Sake REVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR
TANNINS WATARI BUNE is the name of the rice varietal used to make this sake. This rice strain was common in the 1920s and 1930s in Japan, but after a serious bout of typhoons and dire pest management issues, farmers and sake brewers grew weary of the rice, and production ceased. Sixty years later, Takaaki Yamauchi, seventh generation president and brewer of Huchu Homare brewery in Ibaraki, rediscovered this legendary rice varietal which is said to be an heirloom rice strain. He began with 14 grams of seedlings he acquired from the Japanese government and planted them in 1988. Yamauchi didn’t brew his first batch of sake until three years later and in 1990 he finally created the Watari Bune brand. The sake immediately received cult status in Japan and has been a coveted favorite of sake aficionados around the world. “The 55” sake is dry with bright notes of fruit and floral on the palate. But the funk also comes through providing depth without sweetness. The peachy aftertaste lingers, making this an incredibly drinkable sake. Serve chilled and pair with seafood or duck dishes, or in season summer berries or grapes, and a rich cheese like baked brie.
15% ABV, $18/300ml, JotoSake.com
TERPENES KEY LIME PIE is a cult
THE PAIRING The tranquil tone of KLP relaxes you without grogginess,
while being mentally alert enough to carry on a semi-intelligent conversation. Sake is relatively low in alcohol and incredibly easy to drink, so if you aren’t a prodigious drinker, I highly recommend pairing sake with your Cannabis.
favorite and pairs exceedingly well with the bold sake. It is grown by HQ Farms - who produces Cannabis organically and without sprays or pesticides - and originates from the cult favorite Girl Scout Cookies strain that gives it punch without being overwhelming. The sour notes of lime and fermented fruit cut through the bright palate of the sake, and the effects complement and balance each other perfectly.
$10/g from Green Gratitude, SE PDX 28.9% THC, 0.09% CBD HQ-Farms.com
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS | PROPS & STYLING by MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
Drink It Up
Cannabis Beverage Highlight Since not everyone enjoys the effects or flavors of alcoholic beverages, Oregon consumers are fortunate to have a multitude of Cannabis companies producing Cannabis infused beverages for non-drinkers across the state. With everything from sodas to coffees to fresh juices, there are a wide range of products Oregonians can use to craft a tasty beverage replacing beer, wine or spirits. We toured three local businesses to learn more about the companies crafting these drinks.
This Bend-based canna-brewery founded by passionate fermentation enthusiasts Dan Pilver and Alex Berger produces some of the few “crossover” products marketed towards both Cannabis consumers and cocktail lovers alike. With varying THC levels, Magic Number’s ginger beer, cold brew coffee and craft sodas are made for all tolerance levels and for all types of consumers, including medical patients. With six different serving sizes and ratios ranging from 8:1 CBD to THC to an outright 50mg THC butt-kicker, Magic Number has done an outstanding job making their products accessible for everyone. We caught up with Dan to learn a bit more about the business. WHY DID YOU START MAGIC NUMBER?
My business partner, Alex, and I both share a passion for craft beverages. We started with the idea of a craft distillery in 2013, but after taking a closer look at the start up costs and market landscape compared to what was happening in the newly emerging Cannabis market, we decided to shift our focus to Cannabis beverages. We started with ginger beer and cold brew coffee, and have expanded to canned sodas and craft tinctures.
WHAT MAKES YOUR PRODUCTS UNIQUE? First off, we have a “no crap” policy, which means that we only use all-natural ingredients. Beyond that, putting Cannabis into liquid edibles is its own science and we’re proud of our emulsion process. We start with 100% full spectrum extract from East Fork Cultivars, and the end product is super smooth and dissolves easily in water. It’s important to us that our products offer a smooth, consistent dose without the emulsion being thick or chunky. And lastly, we called ourselves Magic Number because we believe everyone has their own “magic number” when it comes to edibles. By offering our beverages in different strengths, we allow consumers to tailor their experience - drink a whole can or share it with friends.
HOW HAS YOUR FACILITY EVOLVED AND GROWN? Back in the medical days, we made our first batches in five gallon kegs in a garage converted to a brewery, and everything was bottled and labeled by hand. Our current facility is a true canna-brewery with a 2000 gallon capacity per batch. And we also have an automated bottler and labeler. Although our facilities and infrastructure have grown, our passion for quality Cannabis to be shared with friends remains. DrinkMagicNumber.com
STORY by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS by JOSHUA K. ELLIOTT @SONDERFELTLLC
dedicated to purity PRACTICING SUSTAINABLE GROWING EVERY DAY. FLOWER + CONCENTRATES + PRE-ROLLS
socially conscious cannabis cultivation cascadehigh.com Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of the reach of children.
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
Drink It Up Cannabis Beverage Highlight
Ablis has made one of the most effective entrances into the mainstream market for an Oregon Cannabis company to date. Thanks to an intimate understanding of many of the aspects of beverage production via their affiliation to Bendistillery, Ablis has had a leg up on success out of the gate. Producing CBD infused sodas, Ablis has worked their way into hundreds of bars, bottle shops, and restaurants across the state with draft and bottled beverages. Offering a solid 25mg CBD per 12oz bottle and currently available in Lemon Ginger and Cranberry Blood Orange, the beverages have been wildly popular non-alcoholic options and cocktail mixers. Ablis Event Lead Parker Moessner walks us through some of the brand’s history and goals moving forward. HOW WAS ABLIS FOUNDED?
In 1996 Jim Bendis founded the Bendistillery in Bend, Oregon, effectively pioneering craft distilling in the United States. Crater Lake Spirits, the most well-known of the Bendistillery brands, produces gin, vodka and whiskey. We also produce many other spirits through our private label, Bend Spirits. Ablis, a subsidiary of Bendistillery, was founded in 2014 when Jim, along with his son Max Bendis, envisioned Cannabis infused beverages being available on store shelves. Ablis was liberated with the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill that allowed hemp products to be sold nationwide, and now focuses exclusively on CBD products.
WHY BEND, OREGON?
For one, we already resided in Bend! For a long time, Bend has been known for its residents’ innovation in craft beverages. The legalization of recreational Cannabis in Oregon gave us a head start on being able to experiment with infusing the plant into a drink. The larger craft breweries here distribute on a national scale, which has paved the way for other craft beverages in Bend to be successful - whether it be kombucha, cider or CBD beverages.
HAS THE ALCOHOL INDUSTRY BEEN SUPPORTIVE OF SELLING YOUR PRODUCTS?
Because our beverages are also available on tap and we need distributors that are used to working with kegs, bottles and cans, the alcohol industry has been a key player in helping us distribute our products. Truckloads of beer leave Bend every day, and we are keen on taking advantage of that infrastructure. It doesn’t hurt that Crater Lake Spirits is known for quality and excellence, and we build many relationships from our knowledge of the alcohol industry.
DOES ABLIS UTILIZE ANY SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT TO MAKE ITS PRODUCTS?
Our highly skilled product development and production teams utilize the standard brite tanks, mixing tanks, fillers, etc. We have also developed a patent-pending process to blend the CBD into our beverages. Special equipment is needed to accurately emulsify based on pH and many other factors. We’re working on developing a new building on our 26 acre farm that will house our very own canning line. We are extremely excited about this! AblisBev.com
STORY by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS by JOSHUA K. ELLIOTT @SONDERFELTLLC
Brisker OG nearing harvest
Deseret Rousseau-Antczak sweeps the packaging room.
Founder Shane Cavanaugh
Herban Tribe Herban Tribe is one of those special brands that just gets it. You’ll never see an insensitive ad, product, or label from the brand as the people behind it are true, tenured Cannabis enthusiasts. The team at Herban Tribe has transformed their passion for the plant into a multifaceted business with arms in retail, production and processing. Having been part of Oregon’s OMMP program, they’re OGs in the Eugene scene and have developed a loyal following thanks to a focus on quality culture. We linked up with their founder Shane Cavanaugh to learn more about their operation. WHAT IS THE ETHOS OF HERBAN TRIBE?
Herban Tribe represents a piece of authentic Cannabis culture. At the heart of our organization is a very close group of friends and family members. We attribute much of our success to this special formation of people. All of us have realized that being adaptive is critical to survive in this industry. We hope to continue to be a source of accurate information, excellent genetics and a flow of unique products.
HOW ARE TERPENES USED WITH YOUR PRODUCTS?
Terpenes have played an important role for us. Terpene profiles are at the heart of our goals and expectations for any Cannabis variety that we grow. In 2016 we decided to take it a step further and added terpenes to our fresh pressed juice line. Next was our strain specific tinctures featuring terpenes. Terpene collection is something that we have been working on in our lab as well. We have been developing a unique collection process that we feel is remarkably different than what is currently available.
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT BEING ONE OF A DWINDLING NUMBER OF COMPANIES THAT CAME FROM OREGON’S OMMP PROGRAM? We feel very fortunate to be here now, in this wildly volatile and ever-changing market. Both my partner and I have been cultivating Cannabis and making hash since the turn of the century - the very beginning of the OMMP program. Being a part of Oregon’s incredible Cannabis legacy is an honor. We’re happy to be an influence, and feel gratitude to all who support us.
Shane’s Mom, Kat, works on packaging.
WHAT’S NEXT FOR HERBAN TRIBE?
We plan on releasing our vape cartridge and dabbable line of products soon. We have not put oil/dabbing products out on the shelves since Oregon shifted to the recreational use system. We have also been developing a few new edible and drinkable products. Terpenes play an important role in all of them. Timing is everything, and when the time is right those products will be available at our preferred retailers.
STORY by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE oregonlEAF.COM
The BeerMongers Manager Chris Tappan, Owner Sean Campbell and Beermonger David Voss
The BeerMongers 1125 SE Division St, Portland TheBeerMongers.com
Beer-Bud Connection C
annabis and craft beer are best buds. To borrow some lanTo mark The BeerMongers 10th anguage from the great, wise RZA, they go together “like cheese niversary this month, Campbell teamed and cheddar. Like jeans and sweater. Like mo’ and better.” up with Portland’s legendary Upright Since the early days of what was then called microbrewing, “heading Brewing and Danodan, which producout back” was a secret handshake of many beer enthusiasts. Pioneeres water-soluble whole flower hemp ing homebrewers hunkered over kettles, pouring pounds of sticky, dank extract in North Portland. hops into their kettles before ducking out for smoke breaks. Brandon Holmes, owner of DanEven further back, in the early days of jazz, weed smokers were called odan and a regular at BeerMongers, is “hopheads” - a term now used to describe IPA hounds. stoked on the collaboration. The connection is so undeniable even science supports it. “Sean invited us to collaborate with Thanks to breakthroughs in DNA research, scientists proved that it’s Upright, which is an honor,” Holmes not a coincidence that Humulus (hops) and Cannabis (ganja) are both said. “We’re going against the grain of similarly sticky, dank, resinous terpene bombs. In fact, they’re cousins, the (CBD) industry with whole plant, so classified under the family Cannabaceae. They go to the same family you get that essence. And I think that’s gatherings. They sneak behind the shed to puff tough at the family rewhat really triggered the relationship union before hitting the snack table. with Upright.” To Sean Campbell, the owner of legendary southeast Portland beer oasis The BeerMongers, the similarities and synergies between the plants, their products, and their industries are unmissable. Hops are just a lot like weed, man. NowaThanks to breakdays, more and more craft beer businesses are playthroughs in DNA ing up the connection between hops and Cannabis. “(Hops) have the aromas, and the sticky mouthfeel research, scientists of Cannabis,” Campbell said. “They’re bittersweet, proved that it’s not sticky, resinous. Those things that remind me of like a a coincidence that really nice, fresh bowl.” Humulus (hops) and The blurred lines and shared demographics beCannabis (ganja) tween craft beer and craft Cannabis gave Campbell the idea for a clever play on words when he held his are both similarly first “Smokey and Dank” beer party for 4/20 in 2012. sticky, dank, resinous “It’s just fun,” he said. “I like beers made with terpene bombs. smoked malt. I like dank beers.” “It’s like when Cannabis consumers used to have to talk in code. ‘Man that beer is dank, bro,’” he said, before slipping into a hushed voice mimicking the way it went down at house parties back in the pre-legalization days. Nowadays, anyone can conveniently score an eighth or a preroll at Cannabliss Firestation 23, right down the street from BeerMongers. No talking in code required. And, though Cannabis consumption on the premises is still prohibited, his “Smokey and Dank” party is even more outwardly friendly to the good herb. “Now we have people giving out seeds, and giving advice on how to grow stuff,” he said. To him, as with a lot of Cannabis consumers who remember the pre-legalization days, the entire situation still feels like a dream. “I can’t believe it’s really happened,” he said. “I can text (co-Monger Chris) Tappan while he’s on the way to the bank and say, ‘Hey can you go grab a joint?’” Each year, for the beer bar’s anniversary, multiple breweries concoct special brews to mark the occasion.
Owner Sean Campbell and fellow BeerMonger and Cannabis enthusiast, Chris Tappan, recommend these Cannabis friendly brews... pFriem Dank IPA 7.8% ABV, 70 IBU
The Hood River Brewery says of its fall seasonal, “Dank is a popular but hard-to-define adjective used to describe hops, but we’ve done our best to define it.” The earthy, tropical mango funk in this hefty IPA lets you know it’s not just a clever name. Claim 52 TJ’s Durban Poison Eugene’s Claim 52 and TJ’s Gardens teamed up to create one of the most obviously branded crossover hits in the Cannabis friendly craft beer scene. There’s no coded language here - they’re straight up telling people that they’re trying to make a beer that tastes and smells like Cannabis. Together, they dialed in the recipe for this brew as a nod to the Cannabis farm’s legendary cut of Durban Poison. Lemon zest, along with sticky simcoe and citra hops, lend this beer a terpy zing to balance out its frothy malt body and 7% ABV. Block 15 Dab Lab Series Block 15’s Dab Lab borrows directly from the Cannabis industry with this series of sticky, hoppy beers, brewed using SuperCritical CO2 hop extract. Yep, SuperCritical CO2, the same technology likely used to extract the oil in that vape pen you’re holding. Oskar Blues Can O Bliss This series of fruity, resinous ales from Colorado’s craft can pioneers, Oskar Blues, focuses on tropical, citrus and pine notes, reminiscent of classic Cannabis flavors. The empty cans can even come in handy in a pinch, if you find yourself in the woods without an implement. Though we wouldn’t recommend that.
STORY by TOM BOWERS @PROPAGATECONSULTANTS for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE oregonlEAF.COM
Coalition Brewing 2705 SE Ankeny St, Portland CoalitionBrewing.com
CBD-infused beer It
came out of nowhere, as it must have for so many Portland craft beer drinkers. There I stood, craning up at the chalkboard at a north Portland pub, scoping the selections in search of the evening’s first pint. The pub had a stellar list, I’m sure. There was probably a pilsner on draft. Two or three hazy milkshake IPAs. Maybe even an imperial bourbon barrel-aged stout and a sour. But I can’t remember what was on tap that night, because I forgot about the other taps as soon as the beertender suggested something new: “Try the Coalition Two Flowers IPA,” she said. “It has CBD in it!” It was early 2017. I was about to decide to leave the beer industry for a career in Cannabis, but at that point, I still had reservations of a regulatory nature. That pint helped tip the scale. I deplaned from the beer industry and boarded rocketship Cannabis. All because Phil Boyle and the crew at Coalition Brewing decided to brew a new beer.
“I think bridging the gap is an important thing,” Boyle said. “Especially in Oregon. I think the identity of Oregon is craft Cannabis and craft beer. There really is a natural synergy to the overlap.” He worked with his team to carve out a new niche in the competitive Portland beer market, while at the same time helping destigmatize the concept of Cannabis for the average consumer. “The response was really phenomenal,” he said. Since the initial launch of Two Flowers IPA, Boyle says the beer has become the runaway sales leader of the Coalition lineup. It has gone well beyond a few niche taps at Cannabis friendly brewpubs, and now comes in bottles that claim real estate on the shelves at New Seasons Markets and retailers around the state - riding the CBD wave headfirst into the mainstream. FINDING CONFIDENCE IN NUMBERS
Common wisdom in the market suggests that one of the biggest hurdles standing in the way of the growing Cannabis landscape is a lack of knowledge and PLANTING THE SEED awareness about the plant, its compounds, and its benefits. The industry currently Coalition became one of the first companies in the world to craft serves only a small fraction of its total potential customer base, in part because and distribute a CBD-infused beer when the brewery many people lack the product knowledge to confidently select launched Two Flowers CBD IPA as part of Portland’s the appropriate entry point to consumption. inaugural Weed Week in December 2016. In the years With a mellow, low-dose CBD beer such as Two Flowers, CoWith a mellow, since, they’ve taken steps toward building a bridge bealition provides an easy introduction for cannabinoid curious low-dose CBD beer tween two similar but separate industries - craft beer craft beer fans. Now, Boyle’s goal is to collaborate with others such as Two Flowers, and craft Cannabis - and capturing a sizable share of and continue to drain the moat between the industries. Coalition Brewing both markets’ customer bases in Oregon. “The big thing with Cannabis is education and normalization, provides an easy Boyle, the co-owner and General Manager of the and the best way to do that is through collaboration,” he said. southeast Portland brewery, has since made a name Earlier this year for 4/20, Coalition brewing launched Certiintroduction for for himself as a chief scale-tipper and familiar charfied Hazy IPA, a new CBD-infused collaboration beer with East cannabinoid curious acter in the Portland beer and CBD realms. But it all Fork Cultivars and True Terpenes. For those new to the scene, craft beer fans. started with a common quandary: How does a brewEast Fork Cultivars has become a household name in CBD-rich ery compete in the modern Portland craft beer scene? craft Cannabis and hemp in Oregon, and True Terpenes is an “To be honest, it first came about like, ‘How do we industry leader in the plant-derived, bottled terpene market. make a beer that sells?’ We’re a business, and Portland is a very innoCertified is a juicy, hazy IPA with a hefty dose of Citra hops to complement vative beer market,” he said. Tangie terps from True Terpenes, and is infused with CBD extracted from East The craft beer industry has always been known for innovation, parFork’s craft hemp. This newer beer hasn’t overtaken Two Flowers in terms of sales ticularly in Oregon. But in 2016, the beer industry had begun slowing numbers, but Boyle says it’s the second best-seller in the brewery’s lineup. compared to the preceding decade. At the same time, the emerging legal Cannabis industry was rocketing into the mainstream. The crew CULTIVATING THE FUTURE at Coalition Brewing heard about Dad & Dude’s, the small Colorado The success of Two Flowers and Certified has been so great that Coalition brewery that became the first in the U.S. to gain approval to produce a Brewing has significantly expanded its CBD beer offerings. The brewery currently CBD beer from the Federal Tax and Trade Bureau. Here, the seed of an pours a number of CBD beer taps exclusively at the taproom, including Mahalo, idea started to germinate. a dry-hopped pineapple sour, the Dandy Shandy, a beer and lemonade mixture infused with CBD, and the Circus Hour Strawberry Lemonade Sour. BLAZING THE TRAIL With the buzz around the infused beverage market, you can bet people in both As with any emerging regulated market, especially one pulling itself industries are watching Coalition’s CBD beer program closely. Boyle says that as out of the mire of prohibition, those first disruptive trailblazers often long as he has something to say about it, he’s going to keep finding those synerbear the brunt of the risk, taking chances with new regulatory territory gies between the two markets. that’s rife with gray areas and room for interpretation. But Boyle, a “We respect both industries, and we understand the responsibility we have, pilongtime appreciator of both craft beer and craft Cannabis, saw the oneering CBD beer,” he said, adding that the brewery has an increasing number writing on the wall. And the native Irishman knew that his adopted home of new customers who come in for Two Flowers. of Portland was a perfect place to launch a CBD beer brand. “It’s not allowed to be a gimmick beer,” he said.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR Tom Bowers has years of experience in the trenches of the alcohol and Cannabis industries. He currently runs Propagate Consultants, where he and his team help companies navigate the complexities of building businesses in competitive regulated markets. PropagateConsultants.com
General Manager Phil Boyle and Head Brewer/ & Owner Elan Walsky. The company created the first CBD beer in Oregon and was the first to get their product onto retail store shelves.
CBD infused beers on the patio, anyone? Have a pour of Two Flowers IPA, Color Me Kush IPA and Dandy Shandy.
STORY by TOM BOWERS @PROPAGATECONSULTANTS for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
Terp Hunters In a market saturated with botanical terpene infused cartridges, Rebel Roots goes above and beyond by extracting steam-distilled Cannabis-derived terpenes in-house. In the process of extracting for distillate, all flavor or “terpenes” are more or less lost from the original starting material. While others create “terpene profiles” with artificial terpenes, Rebel Roots reintroduces potent Cannabis terpenes into tasteless, high quality, and powerful distillate to target specific effects. With the help of a new state-ofthe-art liquid chromatography separator, they are surely taking their craft to the next level!
Chief Extraction Artist Wesley Prickett, Moon Doob Artist Jess Gomez, Vacuum Distillation Cale McCoy, CEO Niles Christodoulidis and Packaging Processor Monica Pezze.
Rebel Roots Farms Rogue River, OR @RebelRootsFarms RebelRootsFarms.com
“In our opinion, Cannabis derived terpenes have flavor and psychotropic properties not found by reconstructing profiles sourced from botanical derived terpenes. Overall, the flavor & effect are drastically different.” WHAT ARE TERPENES? Aromatic organic compounds that enhance your high, affect taste, and hold countless medicinal benefits. They can be found on every plant on earth. With over 20,000 in existence, there are about 100 different terpenes produced by the Cannabis plant. Terpenes can be sour, spicy, bitter or sweet, and are further broken down into an array of aromas and flavors including berry, citrus, pine, fuel and more. HOW DO TERPENES AND CANNABINOIDS WORK IN SYNERGY?
Terpenes working together with other cannabinoids can result in a more enhanced effect. At the same time, they can also counterbalance one another resulting in a decreased effect. Terpenes can allow for strains to have more antidepressant, more anti-anxiety, or more anti-inflammatory effects than another. For example, the terpene linalool is known for creating feelings of ease and relaxation, while limonene can create more of an energetic experience.
WHAT DIFFERENTIATES CANNABIS DERIVED TERPENES FROM BOTANICALLY DERIVED?
Ultimately it comes down to your starting material, with Cannabis terpenes being derived from Cannabis and botanical terpenes being derived from legal plants like citrus, pine needles, cloves and lavender. All terpenes start from the same molecular structure. In our opinion, Cannabis derived terpenes have flavor and psychotropic properties not found by reconstructing profiles sourced from botanical derived terpenes. Overall, the flavor and effect are drastically different. WHEN I’M AT THE DISPENSARY, WHAT CAN I LOOK FOR TO INDICATE CANNABIS DERIVED, TERPENE INFUSED PRODUCTS?
It’s hard for consumers to know right now. There has been new guidance as far as packaging Cannabis derived terpenes versus botanical derived/food additives. The biggest indicator you have is if Cannabis derived terpenes are not listed at all, then you will know it’s composed of botanical terpenes. OLCC requires that we list all ingredients, and you’ll find that the only ingredient listed in ours is Cannabis concentrate.
61 WHAT IS THE OPTIMAL WAY TO CONSUME CANNABIS DERIVED TERPENES? Diluted, as
terpenes are very strong. We blend our Cannabis derived terpenes into high potency distillate to carry the characteristics of the plants into a tasteless and odorless distillate. We also use a higher than normal concentration of terpenes to create a specific effect, rather than flavor. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE MOST COMMON TERPENES FOUND IN CANNABIS? Myrcene,
a-pinene, limonene, caryophyllene, linalool, humulene, terpinolene, ocimene, eucalyptol, and geraniol to name a few. WHAT DOES YOUR TYPICAL STARTING MATERIAL CONSIST OF? Cured Cannabis. We
are currently experimenting with new methods and technology to capture a broader range of terpenes from fresh and frozen material. WHAT SOLVENTS ARE USED IN YOUR TERPENE EXTRACTION PROCESS? Primarily, we use only
water to steam distill the terpenes. For further refinement, we use a state-of-the-art Biotage Liquid Chromatography Separator that utilizes a blend of hexane and acetone. HOW DO YOUR EXTRACTION PROCESSES DIFFER FROM WHAT OTHERS ARE DOING IN THE INDUSTRY? We are using different sources
of technology to take our processes a step further. Using chromatography, we are able to separate specific terpenes for specific medicinal uses.
INTERVIEW by MAX EARLY @LIFTED_STARDUST | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
Terpene Extraction Tandem Technology Tandem-Tech.com NSI-mfg.com
To date, Cannabis terpene extraction has been achieved mainly through steam distillation. The process yields incredibly low volumes of terpenes, but currently is the most widely used technique for terpene extraction and isolation. Tandem Technology is prepared to revolutionize terpene extraction with their new T-100 terpene extraction machine. Moving away from the steam distillaIn legalized states, the distrust of outside entities has shifted focus tion process to a combination of pressure, vacuum and inert gas, the volumes to newly formed Cannabis companies. Who’s behind these entities? extractors will be able to pull - and timeliness they’ll be able to do it in - will be What’s their experience level? How about their growing, extraction or absolutely game-changing. lab practices? Where is the money coming from? With each run time fully automated and set at four hours, operators can proThere’s an endless array of questions that those who have invested cess up to 40 pounds of biomass per eight hour shift. With your average flower their whole lives into the plant are wondering as they see more and designated for terpene extraction likely clocking in around 3% terpenes, per the more licenses handed out each week. company’s claim of up to 50% yield, one could conceivably pull upwards of However, like everything in life, nothing is black and white. 275ml, or over nine fluid ounces of terpenes. At current market price of between Not all new companies joining the scene are here to extract as much $60-$100/ml, a single unit is capable of producing over $4 million in product money as they can, or line things up for Monsanto to profit from and annually, when operated five days a week at two runs per day. affect our industry. While the R&D and production of the first unit took an unbelievably quick eight While wandering the many aisles of Indo Expo Portland 2019, we weeks - thanks to their current infrastructure at Nuance Systems Inc. - it has taken came across a compact and user-friendly looking extraction machine some refinement to really dial in the unit for the most efficient with a company name we weren’t familiar with yet, terpene extraction possible. “There is very little technical inforTandem Technology. So of course, we introduced ourMoving away from mation available mapping the vapor pressure of terpenes at selves and got to chatting. Come to find out, they’re various temperatures and pressures. Striking the balance bethe steam distillation revolutionizing the game on terpene extraction techtween temperature and pressure has extended the development nology and doing so right here in Oregon. process to a combitime,” said founder Bill Kimmerle. Father and son duo, Dr. Bill and Kyle Kimmerle, nation of pressure, With their current production capability, they’ve estimated have been working together since 2008 when they vacuum and inert they’ll be able to produce 60-100 units annually. However, founded their first company in Nuance Systems Inc. gas, the volumes they’re not planning on stopping with the T-100 extraction ma- a specialty manufacturing firm focused on gas and extractors will be chine. No, they’re already working on more groundbreaking chemical delivery systems. The company provides evhardware for the Cannabis industry as they put the finishing erything from stainless steel hardware to highly comable to pull - and touches on their first piece of equipment. plex, custom built, fully integrated systems for a variety timeliness they’ll Tandem Technology is surely a huge asset to our industry, of businesses in the semiconductor industry. be able to do it in bringing true professional experience to a woefully unprofesNow through their sister company Tandem Technol- will be absolutely sional space. Without a doubt, they’ll be a company to keep ogy, they’re applying their decade-plus of experience game-changing. an eye on moving forward as they continue to introduce other manufacturing highly specialized equipment to the exciting, game-changing technology into our industry. Cannabis industry.
istorically, the Cannabis community as a whole has been skeptical and cautious of outsiders, and for good reason. In states where it’s still illegal, trusting the wrong people could easily land you in prison.
STORY by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS by TANDEM TECHNOLOGY
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TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE
Tale of Two Crafts The truth whoops and wails, writ large on the walls of former family farms in the form of financial spreadsheets and pitch decks. The Craft Cannabis industry has moved out of the cottage. Producers and consumers stand in stark relief on the global stage, whether they’ve been dragged out of the shadows or strut proudly into the spotlight, finally able to slang and smoke in public view. Well, not literally - yet. As with any new multi-billion dollar industry, no one knows where it’s going to go. But we can look at one place for clues: Craft beer. Once maligned and bound by prohibition, beer spent nearly 90 years growing from a stylistically homogenous, commerce-over-creativity revenue machine into a diversified, rich landscape with a robust craft scene. It took time. The Federal Prohibition of alcohol in 1933 didn’t lay an easy path to a true craft scene. Due to various economic and social factors - as well as cunning moves on the part of the emerging major players, particularly Anheuser-Busch - the immediate and lasting response to freedom was, “Let’s build it big, efficient and consistent!” Beer became beer. It was light, it was yellow, it was easy to drink after a hard day. And it was nearly half a century before anything truly unique came along. In the same way the repeal of Prohibition didn’t lead to a craft beer scene, the federal legalization of Cannabis won’t help the craft producer as much as it will help the well financed, global players already entering the industry. That game is going to be about scale, distribution logistics, and out-positioning the other guys. But, just like in beer, there will be room for big Cannabis and craft Cannabis alike.
To see how that will work, we don’t need to look to 1933. We need to look at 1978. That’s when homebrewing was legalized. Here, average citizens started legally brewing in their garages. Homebrew shops sold ingredients and equipment
to the homebrewers. And some of the good ones They strive for uniqueness, quality, and individustarted their own companies. ality. They prize the small and potentially imperfect In those early days, small businesses with unique over the large, consistent and widely available. tap lineups called themselves “microbreweries” Everything about their approach screams this. and immediately provided a stark contrast with big They give customers brewery tours. They pour beer - so much so that the opposing term “macrothem tasting flights. They hang with them and tell brewery” was born. the stories of the breweries and their brands. The industry took root in the late ‘70s with craft It’s safe to say that craft Cannabis will reach pioneers Sierra Nevada in California, the develnew levels once customers are allowed to conopment of the modern brewpub by Bert Grant in sume product on-premises, at the farms and Yakima, Washington, and later with the evolution production facilities, and exit through the gift shop of the American-style IPA in the Northwest. after taking a killer tour. It was an industry born out of the pioneering, outlaw west - a region full of people willing to Community experiment and buck the trends, and who lived Craft beer, like craft Cannabis, is a tight-knit right in the middle of the best region in the world community with its own code and its own sense for cultivating the raw materials necessary. of how to do business. But, like in any growing The craft Cannabis and craft beer industries are industry, it’s easy to lose the plot once big money so close to each other, so analogous, it makes starts getting tossed around. sense that hops and Cannabis The Brewer’s Associare part of the same genetic ation, founded in 1978, family. But there are a few things forged the backbone of It was an industry born about the other craft industry that the industry. It had byout of the pioneering, craft Cannabis will need to keep laws, crafted definitions, Outlaw West - a region in mind as it continues to grow. and officially determined full of people willing to what it meant to be laexperiment and buck the beled as a craft brewery. Direct Sales trends, and who lived You’ve probably seen it at your There are a number right in the middle of the of associations and local craft brewery - lines of beer geeks hunting for a 4-pack of the people attempting to best region in the world latest “whale.” create a similar type of for cultivating the raw The brewpub and tasting room coalition in the Cannamaterials necessary. is one of the most powerful tools bis industry, but none Sound familiar? in the craft beer garage. There of them has emerged are entire categories of the craft as the leader. Part of beer industry that distribute 25% or more of their that is likely because Cannabis is so diversified tasty suds via on-premise sales and consumption. in its product types and geared toward disparate That’s 25% more business, with higher margins, consumer demographics. directly into the hands of their customers - who One association will likely not do the trick. leave the brewery as converted fans. Without that Perhaps we’ll see a Craft Grower’s Association, channel, craft beer would rely entirely on distribua Craft Processor’s Association, and a number of tion networks run largely by companies with direct other groups. or indirect financial ties to big beer. But the desired impact remains the same. That’s an option currently closed to the entire If the craft Cannabis industry hopes to retain Cannabis industry without separate retail locaits identity as a market segment geared toward tions, and even then, consumption is prohibited. small to mid-sized businesses whose products That’s in direct conflict with building a robust are focused on creativity and uniqueness, those industry. like-minded companies need to band together, enact change, and determine their own future as Messaging one, united voice. In part because of the ability to communicate Hopefully that will help carve out room in the directly with their customers at their brewpubs and industry for a robust craft Cannabis community tasting rooms, craft breweries have been able to alongside the consistent, efficient, globally distribhone their message and broadcast their purpose uted network of conglomerated companies that loudly and often. are already consolidating their efforts.
STORY by TOM BOWERS @PROPAGATECONSULTANTS for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
7420 NE Sandy Blvd Portland, Oregon 503 477 4368
MEATLESS MUNCHIES VEGETARIAN PAELLA Serves 6
2 tablespoons canna-oil 1 cup bell peppers, chopped or sliced 1 cup green beans, ends removed & cut in half 1 cup fennel bulb, sliced 1 medium onion, sliced 1 cup baby carrots, cut in half horizontally 1 cup zucchini, sliced 1 cup yellow squash, sliced 2 cups frozen lima beans 1 ½ cups canned garbanzo beans, drained ½ cup vegetable broth, low sodium 1 teaspoon saffron 1 teaspoon turmeric ½ cup fresh flat leaf parsley, chopped 2 cups cooked short grain rice
ROASTED CAULIFLOWER WITH COUSCOUS Serves 6
2 heads cauliflower broken into florets 1 medium onion, peeled & sliced in wedges 1 tablespoon olive oil 2 tablespoons canna-oil 2 cups white beans, drained 3 cloves garlic, minced 1 teaspoon ground cumin ½ teaspoon cumin seeds ½ teaspoon black pepper 1 cup golden raisins 2 cups cooked couscous Dash of salt
1. In a large skillet heat one tablespoon of the oil. Add the peppers, beans, fennel, onion and carrot, cooking until almost tender, 10-12 minutes. Remove to a plate. 2. Add the remaining tablespoon of canna-oil and add the zucchini, yellow squash and the lima beans, cooking for 5-7 minutes. Add the garbanzos and cook for 2-3 minutes.
3. In a small bowl, add the broth along with the saffron and the turmeric. Allow to sit for three minutes. Add the remaining ingredients to the skillet, combine gently and serve.
THESE EARTHY VEGETARIAN RECIPES have been made with the strain Wesley’s Wish from East Fork Cultivars, our CBD kitchen mates. This strain is great for relaxation and a mild to moderate head high, which at times is just what the doctor ordered. With a rustic and fruity flavor profile, I love how this strain meshes with the ingredients of these dishes.
THREE MUSHROOM STEW Serves 6
½ oz dried shitake mushrooms 2 tablespoons canna-oil 2 leeks, rinsed and chopped 2 medium carrots, peeled and sliced 2 garlic cloves, peeled and thinly sliced 2 lbs assorted mushrooms, cut uniformly 1 tablespoon fresh rosemary, chopped 12 oz whole wheat pasta, any shape ½ teaspoon salt 6 medium eggs Vegetable spray
1. Heat oven to 400 degrees 2. Place cauliflower and the onion wedges on a baking sheet and toss with the olive oil. Roast until tender, 35-40 minutes. Stir occasionally. 3. In a large skillet heat the canna-oil and sauté beans, garlic and spices. 4. Add the raisins and cook an additional 3-5 minutes. 5. In a large bowl combine everything, including the couscous and toss gently. Serve hot or at room temperature.
1. In a small bowl combine dried mushrooms with one cup of hot water. Allow to sit 20 minutes. 2. Heat the canna-oil in a large skillet. Sauté the leeks and the carrots until cooked and tender, 8-10 minutes. Add the garlic and stir to combine. Place in a bowl. Add the fresh mushrooms to the pan and cook until the moisture from the mushrooms is released, 8-10 minutes. Add the rosemary and the salt and return the vegetables to the pan along with the mushrooms and their liquid. 3. Cook the pasta according to the instructions on the package. Divide cooked pasta between the six plates. Place the mushrooms on top of each serving of pasta. Keep warm. 4. Spray pan with vegetable spray and cook eggs until the white is set. Place an egg on the top of each serving.
RECIPES by LAURIE WOLF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF
NOW DELIVERING . / TRUTHDISPENSARY COM DELIVERY POWERED BY DUTCHIE
“EXPERIENCE THE TRUTH” (503) 967-6010
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COMING SOON! SEPTEMBER 2019 PORTLAND, OREGON • Luxury Hotel Suite Setting • Private, Face to Face, Power Meetings • 100% Direct Manufacturers • Business to business only Gilley@SSEGroupLLC.com Eric@SmokeShopEvents.com Nick@SSEGroupLLC.com (877) 220-9502
EDIBLE OF THE MONTH
TASTE 3/5 EFFECT 5/5 PKGNG 4/5 VALUE 4/5 TOTAL 16/20 SOUR TANGIE
381.4MG THC & 2.9MG CBD PER DRIPPER
9 POUND HAMMER CBD 265.4MG THC & 196.4MG CBD PER DRIPPER
test results by SC Labs
P RODUCE D by O M E XT RACTS
OM Extracts raw CO2 oil is a full spectrum extract that contains zero additives whatsoever. The CO2 oil is extracted at a low temp, making it terpene and cannabinoid rich compared to distillate.
I was fortunate enough to sample the Sour Tangie and 9 Pound Hammer CBD variants. The potency and long lasting effects far exceeded all the full spectrum extracts I’ve previously tried. I ingested about half the syringe of each (at separate times) and began to feel the effects roughly 45 minutes later. The Sour Tangie is potent yet super focusing and uplifting, while the 9 Pound Hammer CBD is more mellow and relaxing. The raw CO2 oil can be poured directly on the tongue, mixed with a hot beverage, used for cooking and/or infused into various foods. Whether you’re looking for a focused energetic boost or managing chronic pain, OM Extracts has you covered with their effect specific, full spectrum CO2 oil. OmExtracts.com
The Sour Tangie is potent yet super focusing and uplifting, while the 9 Pound Hammer CBD is more mellow and relaxing. REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
concentrate OF THE MONTH
MADMAX ROCKSâ€˜NSAUCE CULT IVATED by HEROES OF THE FARM E X T RAC TE D by ARTIFACT EXTRACTS
MAD MAX IS A CROSS OF RAZ AND GORILLA SNACKS BRED BY HEROES OF THE FARM.
THIS COLLAB between Artifact Extracts and Heroes of the Farm features THCA crystals saturated in a terpene rich sauce. Cracking the jar reveals strong notes of sour grapes and a nice balance of fruit and funk. The mixture of sauce and crystals is evenly distributed, making it easy to portion out dabs of all sizes. I enjoyed a few low temperature dabs and was impressed with the smooth smoke and funky terpene profile. Notes of musty grapes and old funkiness on the inhale, followed by a touch of fuel on the exhale. For me, the effects were sedating and relaxing, as I immediately melted into the couch following a sizable dab. I would recommend this strain to patients and consumers looking to relieve pain, as well as insomnia, as the lethargic effects are strong and fast-acting. @ArtifactExtracts ArtifactExtract.com @HeroesoftheFa rm HeroesoftheFa rm.com 79.78% THC, 4.14% Terpenes
CRACKING THE JAR REVEALS STRONG NOTES OF SOUR GRAPES AND A NICE BALANCE OF FRUIT AND FUNK.
TASTE 4/5 EFFECT 4/5 PKGNG 5/5 VALUE 4/5 TOTAL 17/20
REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
TOPICAL OF THE MONTH
FULL SPECTRUM EUCALYPTUS BALM
P RODUCE D by HIGH DESERT PURE In the summertime, you can find me barefoot just about 90% of the time. Not long after my first summer pedicure, my feet become ratty and dry due to new callus build up. TMI? And why am I rambling on about the details of my feet? Because I believe this High Desert Pure Full Spectrum Eucalyptus Balm is an excellent choice to soothe and soften your trotters in the dead of summer. LOOKS (4/5) You can find HDP products in a tin with a simple beige label. The consistency is strong enough to hold up without melting everywhere and making a greasy mess. It even does well in the heat, but be sure to keep out of direct sunlight. AROMA (5/5) The smell of this product is pure peppermint without much depth. Menthol lovers and olfactory minimalists rejoice. I’m not a huge fan of mint on my skin, but the cool feeling of peppermint is refreshing in the summertime. Plus, it’s perfect in lieu of a minty foot cream.
CONSISTENCY & ABSORPTION (5/5) The balm is sturdy, but softens
quickly with the heat and pressure from your fingertips. It’s waxy upon application to the skin, but melts and spreads easily leaving your skin glossy and hydrated.
THE COOL FEELING OF PEPPERMINT IS REFRESHING IN THE SUMMERTIME. SEPT. 2019
EFFECTS (5/5) I primarily use this product on my feet, but ideally you can use it anywhere you need it. I deal with cracked heels and this balm does wonders for long-lasting hydration. The Cannabis found in the product also helps heal and alleviate my dry paws, as I can run barefoot without ruining my feet. I’ve noticed it also helps reduce the pain from a bone spur I have on my heel from excessive walking in New York. If you’re into silky, mintyfresh feet and you deal with things like corns, bone spurs, etc, you should give this topical a try.
HIGHDESERTPU RE.COM @HIGHDESERTPU RE $50, 2oz ja r (199mg THC and 193mg CBD)
REVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
Rebel Roots Farms Rogue River, Oregon
Distillate • Vapes • Drippers • Body Cream Tinctures • Rosin • Moon Doobs • Diamonds Terpenes • Hemp • RSO • Massage Oil For use only by adults 21 and older. Keep out of reach of children. Do not drive a motor vehicle while under the influence of marijuana.
Our annual Tannins & Terpenes Issue focuses on the pairing of Cannabis with Alcohol for innovative beverage and flavor combinations! Cover p...
Published on Sep 1, 2019
Our annual Tannins & Terpenes Issue focuses on the pairing of Cannabis with Alcohol for innovative beverage and flavor combinations! Cover p...