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NORTHWEST LEAF special issue

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Sept. 2018

issue #99

HOW TO PAIR ALCOHOL WITH CANNABIS FOR THE KIND OF FLAVOR EXPERIENCES YOU NEVER THOUGHT POSSIBLE. PG. 40

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SEPT. 2018

26

BUDTENDER PROFILE Luke Wong from Have a Heart Belltown

The citrus-piney notes of the Starkiller grown by

DogHouse Supreme Cannabis goes well with a glass of the robust and fruity 2015 Pinot Noir from

Oregon’s Eyrie Vineyards.

30

FEATURE PROFILE

Q & A | Marijuana Venture Founder Greg James

60 TASTY RECIPES

National Cannabis Chocolate Milkshake Day

TANNINS & TERPENES REVIEWS BY @NWLEAF | PHOTOS BY @BERMANPHOTOS | STYLING BY @MALINALOPEZ

11 12 16 18 22 24 26 28 32 36 40 50 56 60 66 68 70

EDITOR’S NOTE NATIONAL NEWS POT SHOP UNIONIZES NEW: BRING IT TO BONNIE NEW: WOMEN IN WEED COLUMN HIGHLY LIKELY BUDTENDER OF THE MONTH MAG MAN GREG JAMES POT PARENT CHAD DEAN STRAIN OF THE MONTH TANNINS & TERPENES SPECIAL CANNABIS BARMAN PROFILE XYLEM CIDERS’ TERPENE CIDER CANNABIS FOOD HOLIDAY RECIPES JURY RIGHTS MONTH PSA BREEDER OF THE MONTH SPOOKIGLASS

ON THE COVER

gARDEN PARTY COCKTAIL

Recipe + Styling by Jack Sanders P H OTO BY DA N I E L B E R M A N

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contents TANNINS & TERPENES ISSUE SEPT. 2018 NORTHWEST LEAF

40-47 PAIRING CANNABIS & ALCOHOL 50-53 CANNABIS BARMAN JACK SANDERS 56 TERPENE-INFUSED CIDER

PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS


NORTHWEST LEAF

the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.

editor’s note

This issue is devoted to Tannins and Terpenes!

We want to hear from you

Please get in touch to place an ad or become a drop-off location to display our magazine. Feel free to share feedback, pitches, story ideas and hot news tips. This is all our plant!

FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Wes abneY | wes@nwleaf.com | 425-219-6155

CREATIVE DIRECTOR

Daniel bermaN | daniel@bermanphotos.com

ADVERTISING NATE WILLIAMS | NW SALES DIRECTOR nate@orleaf.com | 415-717-6985

CONTRIBUTORS Angela-jordan Aguilar Production Sarah Climaco Editing Steve Elliott National News Simone Fischer Profiles Malina Lopez Prop Styling Pacer Stacktrain Features/Profiles Nate Williams @NateW415 Production Laurie Wolf & Bruce Wolf Recipes

FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF FOLLOW US @NWLEAF FREE DIGITAL ARCHIVES ISSUU.COM/NWLEAF WWW.N W L EAF.COM Please email or call us to discuss print and online advertising opportunities in an upcoming issue. We do not sell stories or coverage. We are happy to offer design services and guidance on the best approaches for promoting your company’s recreational, commercial or industrial product, event or pursuit. We are targeted. Department of Corrections

We welcome reader feedback. Please email Wes@NWLeaf.com if we have made a factual error or mistake meriting correction.

SEPT. 2018 ISSUE #99

We began pairing wine with weed in 2012 as an educational tool for the various strains and flavors present in Cannabis, and today we continue that legacy with a new round of pairings! I’ve always been fascinated by the world of wine, the thousands of varieties of styles, and the sommeliers who can divulge a year of production or soil type from a simple sip. On the same note, I’ve always been amazed by the people who maintain the attitude that “all pot is the same.” So, we started the pairing edition of the magazine to highlight the different flavors of Cannabis and draw a parallel to a world that most are familiar with – alcohol. Marijuana is safer than alcohol, and I would love to see this country shift from bars and liquor stores on every corner and grocery store shelf towards dispensaries and lounges. But we’re not quite there yet. But this issue, and the concept is a great barrier breaker for people who still have antiquated and stigmatized views of Cannabis. Share with someone an amazing pairing, whether in print or in person, and see their fear be replaced by wonder, and a little face melting if you follow our pairings. We brought the heat this year! And don’t be afraid to try your own pairing at home, whether with wine, or a tasty local soda or coffee. We look for similarities in flavor profiles for our pairings, but there is truly no wrong way to pair delicious Cannabis with a tasty drink. We will be throwing a live version of these pairings this September in Bellingham, Washington and Portland, Oregon, and would love to invite our readers out! Visit tanninsandterpenes.com for more info, and to follow us year-round as we offer up tasty pairings, and education to help change how the plant is viewed. So please check us out, share the magazine with someone new, and enjoy our annual Tannins and Terpenes issue of the Leaf!

As always, thanks for reading!

—Wes Abney

MARIJUANA IS SAFER THAN ALCOHOL, AND I WOULD LOVE TO SEE THIS COUNTRY SHIFT FROM BARS AND LIQUOR STORES ON EVERY CORNER AND GROCERY STORE SHELF TOWARDS DISPENSARIES AND LOUNGES. sept. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/11


national

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.

Legal Weed Results in Increased Litter In Washington State

Plastic doob tubes (preroll tubes) and small bags used to package Cannabis are clogging gutters, landfills and waterways in Washington State. Nutrients and fertilizers from grow-ops often end up in public sewers. This means they eventually end up in Puget Sound. Millions of pounds of marijuana harvest waste are getting hauled to landfills. Washington’s environmentally friendly reputation is taking a hit in the process. “We’re seeing a lot of marijuana packaging in our public spaces,” said Heather Trim, executive director of Zero Waste Washington, which organizes litter cleanups. “Cannabis packaging is WASHINGTON’S adding to our load, which then gets washed into our lakes and Puget Sound.” LAWS ARE Pre-rolled joints, which are sold for as WRITTEN IN A WAY little as $2 apiece, come in small plastic WHICH MAKES IT containers popularly known as doob tubes. VERY HARD FOR But these containers can’t be recycled — THE INDUSTRY TO even when made of recyclable plastic — because they’re so small, they fall through BE, WELL, GREEN. the grates of recycling machines. And while the Cannabis community has a history of including lots of environmentalists, the same isn’t true of the new class of entrepreneurial Green rush businesspeople. Washington state requires that leftover marijuana bound for landfills be ground up, mixed with other trash, bagged, and held for three days to keep any desperate smokers from salvaging it. Some producers, such as Trail Blazin’ Productions, go so far as to pour bleach or other contaminants in the weed to render it unusable, reports The News Tribune. Washington’s laws are written in a way which makes it very hard for the industry to be, well, green. One pound of Cannabis, when broken down into half-gram joints, means 908 individual containers. Even one-gram joints still produce 454 packages. While making recyclable packaging mandatory is an option, it would add more expenses to an industry that has already been challenged by high production costs and low wholesale prices. But many observers believe that eliminating single-use plastic from the industry is not only necessary but inevitable.

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Felony Marijuana Convictions Drop by Almost 90% Under Washington Legalization Recreational Cannabis legalization in Washington state, approved by voters in 2012, has resulted in a dramatic drop in the number of people sentenced for marijuana-related felonies, according to an analysis conducted by the Washington State Caseload Forecast Council, reports OPB.com. Between June 2008 and December 2009, there were 1,312 offenses resulting in felony sentences for marijuana, according to the analysis. By contrast, during an 18-month period following the opening of recreational Cannabis stores in

2014, there were just 147 Cannabisrelated crimes resulting in felony level sentences, a decrease of almost 90 percent. The sharp drop isn’t a surprise, according to Tom McBride, executive director of the Washington Association of Prosecuting Attorneys. McBride said the dropin prosecutions was both “expected” and “desired” by the public. Legalization also made it harder to establish probable cause in blackmarket marijuana cases, McBride said, “because presence, odor, etc., of marijuana, can be legal or not.”

Oregon County Wants State Help With Fighting Black Market Cannabis One county sheriff in southern Oregon is asking the state for money to investigate illegal marijuana, claiming his department doesn’t have the resources to do so, reports Marijuana Business Daily. Josephine County Sheriff Dave Daniel claims he needs $648,000 to fund a team of anti-weed detectives, reports The Daily Courier of Grants Pass. The sheriff claimed unlicensed Cannabis operations can go undetected without a task force dedicated to finding them.

The county would also pitch in $350,000 to help fund the team, according to reports. Overproduction of Cannabis in Oregon has led to plummeting prices in the legal market. Black market marijuana has proliferated, including smuggling weed to other states for greater profits. The federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has agreed to assign an agent to work with the proposed team, according to Sheriff Daniel.


national

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.

California will expunge

Mormons Oppose Medical Marijuana Effort in Utah The Mormon Church continues in its opposition to the legalization of medicinal Cannabis in Utah. Leaders of the powerful Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints made a public statement of opposition on August 23. “We are deeply concerned by the history of other states that have allowed medical and recreational use of this drug … and have experienced serious consequences to the health of its citizens,” Elder Jack N. Gerard intoned at a Capitol news conference. Proposition 2, a ballot measure that voters will consider in November, would legalize medical marijuana in Utah. A recent Salt Lake Tribune/ Hinckley Institute poll showed that two-thirds of voters in the state support Prop 2. But more public opposition from the church could change that. More than 60 percent of Utah residents identify as Mormon.

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Marijuana Convictions with bill voters in California lawmakers on August 22 passed a bill to wipe out old Cannabis convictions. The California Senate approved AB 1793, which would force the California Department of Justice to review records of Cannabis convictions eligible for “recall or dismissal or sentence, dismissal and sealing, or redesignation” under legalization. A Drug Policy Alliance study found that nearly half a million Californians were busted for pot between 2006 and 2015. State voters legalized medical marijuana in 1996, and recreational Cannabis in 2016. More than 218,000 marijuana convictions could potentially be wiped out or downgraded under the new law, reports CNN. If Gov. Jerry Brown signs the bill into law, as expected, state officials would have until July 1, 2019, to complete a list of eligible cases. Prosecutors would have a year from that date to decide which cases they want to challenge.

California Could Allow Home Cannabis Deliveries California’s Bureau of Cannabis Control wants to change the law to allow marijuana businesses to deliver to any private address in the state, even in areas which ban pot sales. “There is always going to be a black market for things that people want, that the government says no to,” said Fresno City Council member Clint Olivier. “There are going to be Cannabis deliveries in the City of Fresno. The question is does the City of Fresno license our own so that we can harness that tax revenue to go out and crack down on the black market.” The Bureau of Cannabis Control held public hearings across the state regarding the proposal. The last of three hearings was held August 27 in Sacramento.

Alaska Could Become the First State to Legalize Cannabis Lounges Alaska could become the first place in the U.S. to allow recreational Cannabis consumers to use weed in state-licensed businesses. The Alaska Marijuana Control Board on August 22 published proposed changes to the rules which would allow dispensaries to seek licenses for onsite consumption, reports Marijuana Moment. If the plan is approved, Alaskan dispensaries could apply for onsite use licenses for $1,000. Annual renewals would cost $2,000. Onsite consumption would be limited to just one gram of flower to any customer in one day. Edible products couldn’t exceed a dose of 10 mg of THC in one day for consumption on the premises. Patients would be able to sample their purchases at either a “fencedoff outdoor area” or a separate indoor ventilated area, reports the Fairbanks News-Miner. Rules wouldn’t allow customers to bring their own weed and concentrate consumption wouldn’t be allowed onsite. Dispensary workers wouldn’t be allowed to consume Cannabis at work. There would have to be “a smoke-free area for employees to monitor the marijuana consumption area.”


Profile

By WES ABNEY @NWLEAF | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

Have A Heart lives up to its namesake as the first Cannabis company in Washington to unionize with their 134-employee workforce.

I

RYAN KUNKEL

CEO | HAVE A HEART 16/sept. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

n the murky world of workFor an industry rife with employment ing in the Cannabis industry, issues, this contract represents a step cashing a simple paycheck towards normalizing Cannabis. can be luxury. Have A Heart “It’s not about the impact I’m makhas moved to legitimize the industry ing [as CEO], I just opened the door. and the jobs that build it through a It’s about the staff! It’s great to see contract with the United Food and 134 people get together and say our Commercial Workers Union Local 21. future is Cannabis and have that kind Have A Heart began in 2011 of commitment to say we are going to when Founder and CEO Ryan Kunkel unionize and build from the ground invested $7,000 of savings as a up. It didn’t exist before today, the blackjack dealer and began a medfirst chapter of UFCW for Cannabis, ical Cannabis collective on Aurora and I’d like to give kudos to the union Avenue. Today the company has for taking this on.” 134 direct employees in Washington Beyond the direct goodwill here in spread across five retail locations. Washington for the first 134 employPoised for immense growth, the ees, Kunkel plans to take the contract company has 18 pending retail liinto every state the company does censes in six states, including Orebusiness in. As Have A Heart prepares gon, Hawaii, California, Iowa, and to grow and open new retail locaOhio. For Kunkel, who was raised in tions, the unionization of the compaa pro-union family, the decision was ny is a major step forward for their all about building a company takes staff and the industry overall. From care of employees. a hiring perspective, having benefits “We are in the business of and stability is also a major “WE ARE IN THE making people feel betattractant for the best canditer, whether medically or dates for each job position. BUSINESS OF MAKING recreationally, there’s no “What’s really great is PEOPLE FEEL BETTER, way around it. So, to serve that we have this in place WHETHER MEDICALLY people properly we need before we open in new OR RECREATIONALLY, a happy, engaged staff. If states, a good foundation to THERE’S NO WAY they’re stressed out about replicate this with the union. AROUND IT.” money or health care they Now it’s not really an issue won’t be able to focus on helping our of starting from scratch, the goal is customers have the best experience to get this groundwork done so that possible.” we can smoothly roll out these other Kunkel had looked into healthcare shops,” he said. and benefits for his staff previously, “And we can now attract the best but the numbers didn’t add up in an staff which will naturally help the industry already burdened by taxes company. People push the company, and low-profit margins. the company doesn’t push people.” Tax code 280e from the IRS clasAs Kunkel looks to the future of his sifies Cannabis businesses, legal brand and the hundreds of employees or otherwise, as illegal entities that and families that will benefit from this cannot write off expenses like rent, decision, he is both pragmatic and payroll, or employee insurance. optimistic for the future and the beneThe partnership with UFCW 21 fits of scaled growth for his company allows the Have A Heart employees and the industry. Will unionized Canto join the 46,000 other members nabis be the new normal in Cannastatewide, and for employees and bis? For Kunkel, the answer is yes. the company to share the cost and “I hope it is the new normal,” scale that the union insurance proKunkel said. “We’ve only had access gram provides. Employees pay $44 to paychecks and banking in the last a month for dues in the union, and couple years, so for this to happen $220 for the base medical plan, with it further legitimizes the industry. I’m Have A Heart paying the union for feeling proud. It’s something we half the cost of medical, dental, vision always wanted, it just took us eight and short-term disability insurance. years to get here.”


FOR USE ONLY BY ADULTS TWENTY-ONE AND OLDER. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN. MARIJUANA CAN IMPAIR CONCENTRATION, COORDINATION AND JUDGMENT. DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THIS DRUG. THIS PRODUCT HAS INTOXICATING EFFECTS AND MAY BE HABIT FORMING. THERE MAY BE HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH CONSUMPTION OF THIS PRODUCT.


opinion

By BONNIE FONG for NORTHWEST LEAF | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

Cannabis and alcohol use can be a fine pairing. But even in jurisdictions where both Cannabis and alcohol are legal, most governments prohibit the sale of Cannabis and alcohol in the same place.

BRING IT TO

A

BONNIE Dear Bonnie,

I am a licensed Cannabis retailer and I would like to put a sign outside my store that says our store will give a particular brand of edible to medical patients for free who are in need. I’d like to include a photo of the edible of the month, if possible. How can I do this and remain compliant? -Compassionate in Cle Elum

First of all, kudos to you for offering donations to medical patients. Patients deserve affordable access to medicine, and our current laws make that difficult. Unfortunately, under the rules, you are not permitted to make a sign that you are describing for several reasons. First, under WAC 314-55-155(5), retail licensees may not advertise “free” or “donated” products to patients. This means that you are not allowed to advertise in any medium (neither outdoors, in print, nor online) that you offer free or donated products to patients. Second, under WAC 314-55-155(2)(a)(ii), outdoor signs may not contain images of marijuana or marijuana-infused products. This means that any sign you put outdoors (on the building, parking lot, or billboards) cannot

TANNINS & TERPENES

contain any images of the Cannabis plant, leaves, or any marijuana products. Third, under WAC 314-55-155(2), you’re not permitted to have any signs outdoors other than two signs on premises (no larger than 1600 inches) and billboards (must be at least 5 feet tall and 11 feet wide), and you are limited to text relating to the licensee’s business name or trade name, stating the location of the business, and identifying the nature of the business. This means you cannot have a sign that says anything other than your name and directional information, and certainly not a sandwich sign or something similar. One thing you can do is make a sign in the store that tells patrons that you offer free edibles to patients as part of your Compassion Program. Under RCW 69.50.369(7)(e)(i), the rules do not apply to signs inside the store that are not facing outward from the windows. Then you could tell people online or in print to ask about your Compassion Program. Your Compassion Program can also include medical Cannabis classes, consumption tutorials, etc. That way, you could at least get the word out there. It is unfortunate that the rules prevent you from telling patients and customers that you support safe access to affordable medicine. These rules are an unconstitutional infringement on your right to free speech and hopefully one day these rules will change. Thanks for writing!

msterdam is a great example of this. The Dutch Government reportedly made Cannabis stores (“coffee shops”) choose between the sale of Cannabis and alcohol in 2007. However, the Dutch culture of “gedoogbeleid” (translation: “tolerance policy”) is likely the reason why some coffee shops offer beer and wine. I experienced this personally in June 2018, during my visit to Amsterdam, where I stopped at Smokey’s for smoke and ordered a few beers. When the shop closed they even offered me a cup to take the rest of my beer with me. Amsterdam also enjoys some Cannabis cafes where people clandestinely bring their own beverages and several bars where smoking Cannabis is socially acceptable. Our own Washington state similarly prohibits the sale of Cannabis and alcohol in the same place and takes it a few steps further. Retail Cannabis stores cannot sell alcohol, or anything unrelated to the consumption of Cannabis, prohibiting the sale of t-shirts, hats, sunglasses, etc. Bars are similarly prohibited from allowing Cannabis consumption, as evidenced by a beer garden I patron which has numerous “No Cannabis” signs and zero “We check ID” signs. Nova Scotia seems to be the only jurisdiction that has embraced the Cannabis and alcohol combination. After Canada legalized Cannabis nationwide, in July 2018 a Nova Scotia-based company announced the development of a store where Cannabis and alcohol are sold under the same roof. Critics of the store say, “it’s just not a good idea” for three reasons 1) Some Cannabis users are trying to avoid liquor stores because they have a problem with alcohol; 2) they may encourage non-users to try Cannabis products, and; 3) they may encourage harmful coconsumption. It appears such critics are replacing the Cannabis consumer’s judgment with their own. The sale of Cannabis and alcohol in the same location is indeed, globally controversial. For us Washingtonians, it means we will have to drive far to purchase both Cannabis and alcohol at the same location and fly even further to imbibe them together. Here’s to hoping that pot and potion pairing policies are based on pedagogy and not prejudice. Prost!

“THE SALE OF CANNABIS AND ALCOHOL IN THE SAME LOCATION IS INDEED, GLOBALLY CONTROVERSIAL.”

-Bonnie Fong

The advice offered in this column is intended for informational purposes only. Use of this column not intended to replace or substitute for any professional, financial, medical, legal, or other professional advice. If you have specific concerns or a situation in which you require legal professional, psychological or medical help, you should consult with an appropriately trained and qualified specialist or professional. The opinions or views expressed in this column are not intended to advise, assess or treat; nor are they meant to replace the legal analysis and care that you may be receiving from a licensed legal professional, physician or mental health professional. This column, its author, the newspaper and publisher are not responsible for the outcome or results of following any advice in any given situation. You, and only you, are completely responsible for your actions.

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Bonnie Fong is a partner at C3 Law Group in Seattle and a contributing writer at Northwest Leaf. Send your questions to nwleaf@gmail.com and they may be a subject for next month’s issue!


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MARIJUANA PRODUCTS MAY BE PURCHASED OR POSSESSED ONLY BY PERSONS 21 OR OLDER. THIS PRODUCT HAS INTOXICATING EFFECTS AND MAY BE HABIT FORMING. MARIJUANA CAN IMPAIR CONCENTRATION, COORDINATION, AND JUDGEMENT. DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THIS DRUG. THERE MAY BE HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH CONSUMPTION OF THIS PRODUCT. FOR USE ONLY BY ADULTS TWENTY-ONE AND OLDER. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.


new column

By DANIELLE HALLE for NORTHWEST LEAF | PHOTO by BESS BYERS @IMCANNABESS

G

reetings NWLeaf readers! My name is Danielle Halle and I hope you liked the handful of interviews I wrote for last month’s Women in Weed Issue because I’m about to bring you a whole bunch more. Over the last couple of years, I have contributed a few photographs and strain reviews to the Leaf, and I’m very excited to have this opportunity to bring you my own monthly column. It is important to me to cover the topic of women in Cannabis for a variety of reasons. We are writing the story of the Cannabis community. We write the rules for this industry. And we are writing women in as the leaders. As a new, multi-billion dollar industry, we have a unique opportunity to highlight the women who are at the forefront of it. Have you ever walked into a Cannabis extraction lab, and realized the team was mostly women? That’s where I work. There are so many of us out there who are working to make a name for ourselves in a once-underground industry, which was previously male-domi-

F O S E L I F O PR

IN

nated, that has completely turned itself around into a legitimate revenue source for both citizens and the state. Too many women in professional industries have known the defeat of being overlooked for a raise, position of power or other work-related bonuses – based on gender alone. Of course, this fact is not easily proven, but is anecdotally known very well. Even when I was a little girl, I was aware, and even sometimes had the notion thrown at me by my elders, that men were traditionally in positions of power superior to women. I think that a few things should be acknowledged here as well; I’m incredibly grateful for the men in my life who have proven this notion wrong and supported me and my female peers as we achieve our career goals. In the words of Mary Shelley, “I don’t want women to have power over men. I want women to have power over themselves.” It is important for young girls to have role models who instill that confidence to find it in their young hearts and minds to accomplish their goals and follow their dreams. I’m one of those girls who

grew up to follow her dreams rather than study a subject I knew I’d for sure have a steady (and maybe successful?) career in. I didn’t know following my dreams meant pursuing a career in Cannabis, I just wanted to help people. I’ll tell you what though, I’ve advanced my career a lot further the last four years in the Washington Cannabis industry then I ever did in nearly eight years in the hospitality industry back home. Hell, the Northwest Leaf sure didn’t exist in Florida when I was in college. I’m not saying the youth will find their inspiration here, no. What I hope to do in this monthly column is to spotlight women who may have never had a chance to be recognized for their professional skills before the Cannabis industry became legitimate. Women who are scientists, entrepreneurs, creators, designers, farmers, extractors, and more. My hope is to show these women (although I fully hope they already know this) that they are the role models that our future female leaders need. I hope this space allows them to emerge, enlighten, and spread their influence like wildfire.

WOMEN

CANNABIS

“WHAT I HOPE TO DO IN THIS MONTHLY COLUMN IS TO SPOTLIGHT WOMEN WHO MAY HAVE NEVER HAD A CHANCE TO BE RECOGNIZED FOR THEIR PROFESSIONAL SKILLS BEFORE THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY BECAME LEGITIMATE.”

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highly likely

Column # 38

Highlighting amazing Cannabis pioneers who helped pave the way to greater herbal acceptance.

SARAH SILVERMAN By PACER STACKTRAIN for NORTHWEST LEAF

C

omedian, actress, producer and writer Sarah Silverman is one of the most recognizable personalities in comedy today. Her comedy routines often address social taboos, touching on politics, sexism, racism, and religion. She’s been no stranger to controversy through her career, and perhaps that’s what makes her no-bones-about-it stance on Cannabis so unsurprising. She’s starred in countless movies, been a writer for Saturday Night Live, and produced and hosted many of her own stand-up specials for networks like HBO and Comedy Central. And, Silverman has been talking candidly about smoking Cannabis since before it was legal. One of the first glimpses of her nonchalant advocacy was in 2008 when she told Katie Couric in an interview that her dog had to be taken to the vet after consuming her Cannabis-infused brownies. We can sometimes forget this, but the interview, now a decade old, was conducted at a time when virtually no mainstream celebrities would admit to consuming Cannabis. In the introduction to her Emmy-nominated HBO special “We Are Miracles” Silverman is seen standing outside the comedy club, where she’s about to perform, pensively engrossed in thought. A crew of LA Chicanos pull up and strike up a conversation with her – then offer her a joint. She takes a few pulls, then heads off into the club. But not before demanding from the crew, “Tell me I’m GREAT!” Throughout the standup routine, she references and details her own (very particular) smoking habits. At the Emmy’s that year, Silverman showed up to the awards ceremonies famous red-carpet walk and showed off a Co2 oil pen, demonstrating what it was and how it worked to reporters. “I had pot for later in my purse,” she said when asked about the vape pen backstage. “It’s legal and I don’t drink. I like to have a puff as a treat at appropriate times.” She won the Emmy.

24/SEPT. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

IN 2015, SHE TOLD CONAN ABOUT GIVING HER MOTHER AN EDIBLE AT A BAR MITZVAH, NOTING THAT HER MOTHER GOT HIGHER THAN EXPECTED...

More recently on an interview with Conan O’Brien in 2015, Silverman talked about giving her mother an edible at a bar mitzvah, noting that her mother got higher than expected, and hilarity ensued. On the same episode, she talked about hanging out with her dad in LA and the comedian Jeffrey Ross. At the gathering, Ross produced a “giant red, white and blue bong which he called ‘the joint’s chief of staff’” Silverman talked about how her Dad took the “most ginormous bong rip” which she said he handled “like a champ.” Comedians like Silverman may seem like lowhanging fruit for subjects in this column, but the fact of the matter is that without outspoken (and funny!) people in the public eye talking about Cannabis, we’d likely still be a very far ways away from legalization. Thanks to Sarah Silverman, and so many others, we’re getting better at normalization than ever!

Thepacerstacktrain@gmail.com Instagram: @ThePacerStackTrain


SPECIAL K GLASS

NORTHWEST LEAF

#NWLEAF

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cELEBRATING 8 YEARS OF northwest leaf! @BERMANPHOTOS


FEATURE

By WES ABNEY @NWLEAF | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

Each month, the Northwest Leaf crew meets to select one special budtender that stands out above the rest! Tell us who you think should be the next Northwest Leaf Budtender of the Month and why they deserve it!

HOW DO YOU GO ABOUT FINDING THE RIGHT CANNABIS FOR A CUSTOMER?

FIRST EXPERIENCE WITH CANNABIS? It’s a traditional story. My best friend in high school was like, “hey, man have you ever tried weed?” I gave it a shot and was very enthusiastic about Cannabis and carried that through my high school career and into my adult life where I was working as a server.

Usually, I used to start with do you like indicas or sativas, but recently and especially for new customers I ask them, “what are you doing when your smoking”, or “what do you want to feel like.” Some people want an indica but don’t want to go to bed, just relax, and I’ve found I get more detailed info when I ask people how do you want to feel.

HOW DID YOU BECOME A BUDTENDER? The same person I smoked with for the first time was the inventory coordinator here at Have a Heart, and he said, “hey, you’re good at serving food, why not try Cannabis?” He put in a good word for me, and it’s worked out pretty well. Which is really cool because I never thought I could get paid to legally sell Cannabis!

WHY DO YOU LIKE WORKING AT HAVE A HEART, AND HOW DOES IT FEEL TO BE AMONG THE FIRST BUDTENDERS TO EVER UNIONIZE? Have a Heart was always a dispensary I heard about living up north. It was always the place people recommended if I was in the city. I only shopped here once before my hiring, so it was a huge sensory overload at first with how many brands and products we have on our shelves. I love working at Have a Heart, and the name means something, that we care about customers and treat them like guests, not a sale. Being part of the first company to unionize is incredible! Back in high school, joking about legalized weed, to think that you could get medical and health benefits for selling weed was laughable. When we had the chance to unionize I jumped at the chance, and while I felt secure as an employee before, I feel it now tenfold.

WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE PART OF THE JOB? I really like the people who come in fresh. The first thing they say is sorry I’m new, and they want to know everything about Cannabis, from indica versus sativa to CBD to edibles. I like the blank slates, especially the new people who don’t come in and say give me the strongest weed you have. I like being able to talk and listen and help people who generally want to learn. This summer has been tourist season, and with all the cruise ships and out of towners the season was really big on education and pushing knowledge.

WHAT ARE YOUR HOBBIES WHEN YOU AREN’T WORKING AT THE DISPENSARY?

WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE WAY TO CONSUME? Recently dabbing or vape pens, mainly because I just moved into a spot and my neighbors are not so hot on smoking. Vaporizing is a little less stinky and more discrete, and I feel like it’s really clean too compared to smoking blunts every night.

WHAT ARE YOUR FAVORITE STRAINS, AND PRODUCER-PROCESSORS? Cold Smoke and Oleum are my top two concentrate companies. The Orange Cookies from Cold Smoke was the terpiest dab I ever had, and that stuck with me. I love the Banana OG from Oleum, everything they make is super on point. For flower and joints, I lean HAVE A HEART towards Gabriel or Sub X. Purple Punch from Sub X is BELLTOWN 115 Blanchard St. one of the prettiest strains Seattle, WA 98121 I’ve looked at this year.

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budtender of the month

LUKE WONG

Lead Budtender & Union Shop Steward

Summertime is very nerdy for me, a lot of Dungeons and Dragons happening on my days off, and the usual video games and movies. I can’t wait until snowboarding season and winter! We have so many good runs up here. Stevens Pass is my home mountain, and while it may be a little smaller compared to other places there are endless trees and runs you can mix together and pick a different line every run. I always pack a couple cartridges and joints, and CBD for the ride home. Nothing beats a CBD joint on the way back from the mountain.

“Back in high school, joking about legalized weed, to think that you could get medical and health benefits for selling weed was laughable. When we had the chance to unionize I jumped at the chance, and while I felt secure as an employee before, I feel it now tenfold.”


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Profile

By SIMONE FISCHER/OREGON LEAF @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

POT PARENT

of Splimm Magazine, an online publication covering Cannabis and parenting. A vocal advocate for Cannabis, Dean says that after dealing with severe stomach pain for over a decade, he found relief when he began to consciously harness the potential of Cannabis. CHAD DEAN IS THE CO-FOUNDER AND CEO

W

hen I turned 30,” Dean said, “I started to experience some pretty intense pain in my abdomen, which lead to me losing about 35 pounds pretty rapidly. I’d always been thin, so to lose that much weight so fast was really alarming and had all sort of negative consequences. The doctors started to call it IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) but they weren’t really clear on why it was happening or how it might be effectively treated.” Doctors had a hard time trying to pinpoint his exact issue. IBS is a common condition that affects the large intestine. The origin of IBS is relatively unknown, but stress and diet are often directly correlated. I asked Dean if he used Cannabis before the onset of his stomach pains, and inquired about the challenges of living in a state bound by prohibition - prior to his move to Oregon. “I’d been using Cannabis for most of my adult life, but it was in prohibition states. My access to ‘medicine’ was always limited. Sometimes, it seemed like the Cannabis was easing my stomach pains and sometimes it seemed to make them worse. It was impossible to know what was helping,” says Dean. Until recently, information and research on Cannabis were tough to come by. Most people still go by the word of their trusted dealer within an unregulated market. The lack of integrity and misinformation makes it really tough for people (like Dean) trying to quantify Cannabis consumption in order to address health issues. Dean moved his family to Oregon in 2016 and began to seriously study what Cannabis products and dosages worked for him. Prohibition keeps information on Cannabis in the dark, but legal markets like Oregon allowed Dean to immerse himself in the culture and try new uses of Cannabis. He began writing about his experiences as a father who uses Cannabis and co-created Splimm Magazine with his wife, Jenn Lauder.

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“MY ACCESS TO ‘MEDICINE’ WAS ALWAYS LIMITED. SOMETIMES, IT SEEMED LIKE THE CANNABIS WAS EASING MY STOMACH PAINS AND SOMETIMES IT SEEMED TO MAKE THEM WORSE. IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE TO KNOW WHAT WAS HELPING.” Learn more at Splimm.com @SplimmTeam on Twitter

“For years I wasn’t even sure Cannabis could treat my ailments because I only had access to flower, I had almost no control over the strains I was getting, and I typically only smoked. I think that’s the biggest obstacle when you live in a prohibition state. You might find something you like, something that works, and then your friend sells out of it and you have to start all over. Having moved from Maryland to Oregon changed that. What’s interesting to me is that I really started to gain a better understanding of the medical benefits of Cannabis as it became more readily available for adult use,” Dean said. Obtaining access is only half the battle, consistency is the final challenge. Having access to consistently tested Cannabis products was a game-changer for Dean. Oregon provided the transparency he needed for adequate trial and error. I asked Dean what types of strains, cannabinoids or Cannabis products helped him alleviate his stomach issues. “I’m a big believer in whole plant edibles. For me, the most effective medicine is something in the OG family infused into either almond butter, which I’ll add to smoothies, or into grass-fed butter, which I like to mix with my morning coffee. I tend to respond well to strains [that are] high in myrcene,” Dean explains. “Now, at 40, I’m really in the best shape of my life. I can keep up with my 10-yearold, who is intensely creative and energetic, and help run a small business with my wife. I’ve gained back all the weight I lost and I’m able to manage my pain.” Dean successfully mitigated his IBS with Cannabis, but I asked if he had any additional challenges on finding his correct cannabinoid dosing? “Honestly, no,” Dean says. “I’m really lucky in that a lot of the hard work has been done for me. When people write to me, or to Splimm, it’s almost always because they’re dealing with some kind of issue and they heard Cannabis might help,” Dean says. “And with medical programs spreading so quickly, they’re hearing on the local news about all the ways this plant could be beneficial. I’d say most of the people who write to us are parents who want to know how to responsibly consume, either for medical purposes or because they’re going on vacation to a legal state and they want to know where the good shit is.”


Dean moved his family to Oregon in 2016 and began to seriously study what Cannabis products and dosages worked for him.


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Nothing for sale or consumption. Must be 21 to participate and or to attend with valid ID This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Smoking is hazardous to your health. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. It should not be used by women that are pregnant or breast feeding. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of reach of children Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug.


Profile

MAG MAN Marijuana Venture Magazine

FOUNDER GREG JAMES

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N

Greg James is the founder of Marijuana Venture, the largest business-oriented Cannabis magazine in the country. While seeing the recreational Cannabis industry take a start, he began MJ Venture in 2012 and has pushed Cannabis companies towards professionalism and modernization. His recent projects include Sun Grower Magazine; Interchange, an event for producer/processors to have one on one meetings with retailers; and RAD Expo, a trade show built for Cannabis retailers coming to Portland in October. We sat down to talk about his company’s roots and why he ventured into the trade show business. INTERVIEW by WES ABNEY @BEARDEDLORAX | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

HOW DID YOU START MJ VENTURE AND HOW HAS THE COMPANY GROWN OVER THE LAST SIX YEARS? I owned a good-sized warehouse in

Renton, and right after the vote, I started getting calls to lease space in my building (to grow Cannabis). At the same time, my CD-ROM business was in rapid decline. Those factors combined with me looking around and seeing a lot of great culture and lifestyle magazines, but none for Cannabis business. MJ Venture started with myself and Garrett Rudolph, who was editing the Omak Chronicle, and he came over and we started an eight-page newsletter that we mailed to all 502 applicants. It’s grown to a $100,000 a month in revenue, with distribution nationally and across Canada and 10 full-time employees.

WHAT INSPIRED YOU TO GET INTO TRADE SHOWS? Two things. One

was that I’ve been to a lot of Cannabis shows. When you walk around they’re cool but the thing you notice is the hodgepodge mix of everything. From growers, greenhouses, nutrients, soil, lights, extraction equipment, investor things, law firms... just about everything is there, but there’s almost nothing for retailers. A light bulb went off in my head, and I realized that the Cannabis business is really two industries, the farming side and the retail side. Then I noticed that very few retailers go to shows like CannaCon or MJ Biz Con in Vegas, and when I’d ask them why the answer was “there’s nothing there for us.”

THIS REALIZATION CHANGED YOUR VIEW OF THE TRADE SHOW LANDSCAPE. WHAT OTHER PROBLEMS DID YOU SEE WITH SHOWS? Why spend thousands of dollars to travel and $500 a ticket to go to Vegas? I think that convention is a gigantic rip-off. I’ve been to tons of trade shows for software and dealing with major retailers like Costco, and if you’re a customer, none of those shows charge you to come in. I think that a lot of people in the industry have a green rush mentality, and that combined with a lack of business backgrounds, creates excitement for these shows and being involved, but it’s a rip-off.

WHAT ARE YOU DOING DIFFERENTLY WITH RAD EXPO, AND WHO IS YOUR TARGET AUDIENCE FOR THE SHOW? Our target vendor is anybody that has a product for a retail store or dispensary, from CBD or THC brands to people with services like design for retail, shelving, lighting, apparel, hemp products and more. Pretty much anything you can sell in or to a dispensary. And we

make the show free and targeted to retailers and business owners to attend. Most existing Cannabis shows will let anyone in if they pay money, so we decided not to go that route. RAD is 100 percent business, just like our Interchange event.

SKIPPING THE SMOKEY/CONSUMPTION VIBE?

There’s a time for partying and a time for doing business, and I believe in business before pleasure. We want to see retailers talking to relevant businesses, not distracted, and getting results.

The tightknit staff of Marijuana Venture

HOW DO YOU THINK THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY CAN GROW IN THE FUTURE?

There’s a lot of learning to be done in the industry. The weird thing about the industry is that people are reluctant to work with each other. Growers don’t share tips, retailers don’t treat each other as neighbors. But why not? A rising tide lifts all boats, and people who say they don’t want to help the competition have a bad way of thinking. I learned in the consumer software business that collaboration is important, which is why I’ve made a point of reaching out and working with other publishers. For businesses to really make it you have to have the long view, and I think there are a lot who don’t, who have the short view of wanting a quick buck.

HOW DOES THIS TRANSLATE INTO INTERCHANGE, AN EVENT ALL ABOUT SELLING CANNABIS PRODUCTS AS PRODUCERS MEET WITH RETAILERS IN A “SPEED DATING” FORMAT? What we’ve discovered is it’s

very hard for a producer to get a meeting with a retail store and buyer, and that those folks are bombarded all day long with samples and requests. So how do you schedule all the meetings you need to have? Interchange is two days of scheduled meetings with buyers so that a producer will have 20 or more meetings over two days. It’s structured, business only, professionally done and it’s been wildly successful.

HOW DO YOU SEE THE WAY THAT CANNABIS IS BEING SOLD CHANGING? I hate to say it, but we are past

the days where vendors can say “hey we have the best weed,” and drop a sample at a retailer and get a response. Brand awareness and relationships are the names of the game. Can you imagine if Costco had people dropping samples in their lobby daily, or 100 calls a week from vendors trying to sell them? There’s no way buyers can deal with that much volume, which is why they have structured meetings and business-oriented trade shows. You have to have structured meetings, so you can learn about the products and establish a relationship.

Publishing nationally

Fu r t h e r m o r e MARIJUANA VENTURE MarijuanaVenture.com RAD EXPO TheRadExpo.com (Oct. 10-11, Portland)

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25% THC THE FLOWERS ARE DENSE AND SOLID, REEKING OF CHERRY, ORANGE BLOSSOMS AND A WARMING, EARTHY VANILLA.


SEPTEMBER 2018

STRAIN OF THE MONTH TreehawkFarms.com @Treehawk.Farms

SUNSET

FIRE

REVIEW by WES ABNEY @NWLEAF | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

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othing helps chase away the autumn chill like a Sunset Fire, and this delicious strain from Treehawk delivers an uplifting, perfect fall high. The Sunset Fire comes from seed and was pheno-hunted by the Treehawk team to find the perfect expression of the Sunset Sherbet crossed with an Afghan male. Their efforts resulted in beautiful, chunky buds that are tinted purple and covered with trichomes, and a strain that is not present on any other farm menu in Washington. The flowers are dense and solid, reeking of cherry, orange blossoms and a warming, earthy vanilla. Snapping open a nug delivers a rush of flavor and a light stickiness, showing a well cured and manicured flower. The bud burns smoothly and quickly, leaving a clean white ash as fat hits of sweet, cherry-lime and kush flavors fill the lungs. Effects hit quickly. With a euphoria that builds as the mind slowly clears, it melts away stress and anxiety as a pleasant high fills the body and mind. It’s the best of the Sherbet combined with earthy-sweet Afghan parentage, and the result is a well-balanced and flavorful high that is good at the start of the day, or as the sun is going down.


NORTHWEST LEAF

In the bowl

STRAWBERRY BANANA TERPENES AND FLOWER

CASCADIA GARDENS Bellingham,WA

GardensofCascadia.com

In the glass

TANNINS & TERPENES

PAIRINGS & REVIEWS WES ABNEY @NWLEAF

PHOTOGRAPHY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

STYLING & PROPS MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ

MODEL JENA DOMACH @JENAWITHAJ

NAIL ART CASSIE BANEL @CASSMARIEBEAUTY

PRODUCTION ANGELA-JORDAN AGUILAR

ASSISTANT DARREN ZEMANEK @DARRENZEMM

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STRAWBERRY BANANA LEMON DROP REVIEW BY WES ABNEY

New to our T&T issue this year are terpene-infused cocktails created by mixologist Bryan Mathis and Cascadia Gardens! Cascadia Gardens is known for their extracts featuring Cannabis-derived terpenes, using over 70 grams of flower to make a single vial of terpenes. You can purchase a single vial as a .5 mL or 1 mL unit in select retail stores. By capturing all the flavor without any cannabinoids present, this is the purest essence of the strain. The terpenes are added directly into the drink, as well as infused into the sugar on the rim of the Lemon Drop, delivering a flavor experience from the rim to the first sip. The Strawberry Banana adds complexity to this iconic cocktail with rich notes of sugary-kush Cannabis, delivering a perfect sip and relaxing, euphoric effects from the terpenes as they interact with the body and mind. While terpenes do not get you “high” they are responsible for the different effects we associate with specific strains of Cannabis. THC without terpenes is a flat, non-expressive high. But nature added terpenes to the mix and that’s what delivers our classic indica and sativa effects, and the various strain experiences we know and love.


In the bowl

JACK TERPENES AND FLOWER

CASCADIA GARDENS In the glass THE JACK MARGARITA REVIEW BY WES ABNEY

HOW TO PAIR ALCOHOL WITH CANNABIS FOR THE KIND OF FLAVOR EXPERIENCES YOU NEVER THOUGHT POSSIBLE

The Jack is a phenotype grown by Cascadia Gardens of the Jack Herer strain, a giggly sativa strain with loads of flavor and euphoric, energetic and creative effects. The flower and terpenes both burst with bright, creamy pine and sharp, eye-watering citrus-lemon that finishes with a wisp of mild, earthy-kush. We paired this tasty strain with a classic margarita on the rocks, a festive drink that is best served on a sunny afternoon. Instead of mixing the terpenes into the drink like the Lemon Drop, the salt for the rim of the glass was infused, delivering a totally different experience. As the drink touches lips, the first sensation is of the rich, terpy salt with bright citrusy notes and a salty tang that is softened by the sip of classic margarita. The limey-sweetness of the drink compliments and delivers the terpenes into the body and mind, with the terpy-salt tang lingering on the palate. Energetic and fun, this cocktail is a delight to drink. An amazing benefit to terpenes, is that they can be added to food or drink, provided they are added post heating/cooking, as they are a delicate and volatile compound - meaning they are heat and light sensitive. Check out Cascadia Gardens’ website to learn more about their strains and terpene extractions and head on over to TanninsandTerpenes.com to learn how you can try out this pairing.

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TA N N I N S & T E R P E N E S I S S U E

PAIRINGS & REVIEWS WES ABNEY @NWLEAF

PHOTOGRAPHY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

STYLING & PROPS MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ

In the glass SWEET JANE IPA

DOUBLE MOUNTAIN BREWERY This delicious northwest IPA is noted by Double Mountain Brewery as carrying the essence of a dank evergreen forest, and we love the description. The Sweet Jane is a smooth drinking IPA, with notes of citrus and piney, hazy hops that finishes clean and crisp. DoubleMountainBrewery.com

In the bowl CHEESEBURGER

NEW DAY CANNABIS New Day Cannabis is a Spokane-area producer focused on growing with organic, pesticide-free methods to cultivate unique strains like the Cheeseburger, which came to the garden via a trade at the Oregon Barter Faire.

NOSE

Thick and bright citrus and pine notes drift into a classic sour-haze flavor.

TASTE

Smoke hits the palate with citrus and earthy notes with a light inhale and smooth, sweet exhale.

EFFECT Like a good burger, this strain fills you up with a slow-motion body high that hits the mind in a hazy, euphoric buzz that is not quite sativa, but not a heavy indica either. A classic hybrid with an old school haze high that’s as fun as it is drooly.

LOOKS / BAG APPEAL

Beautiful, light green flower accented by bright orange hairs and a frosty coating of trichomes make this delicious bud all the more appealing.

S P O K A N E , W A / N E W D AYC A N N A B I S .C O M

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In the bowl MARMALADE

SAINTS CANNABIS

Saints Cannabis blends a punk-rock attitude and beautiful packaging with top-shelf cuts and full-flower, strain specific joints.

NOSE Sweet and creamy orange with lighter notes of bright-fruity-vanilla and cocoa-leathery-kush.

In the glass SUPERFUZZ BLOOD ORANGE PALE ALE

ELYSIAN BREWERY

The Superfuzz is a delicious, tart and hoppy pale ale by Seattle’s own Elysian Brewery. Dominated by citrus and floral hops, and finished with citra and amarillo, the taste of orange rinds chases down the smooth, bold hoppy flavors. ElysianBrewing.com

TASTE

Orangey and light on the palate, with a clean exhale and a mildly sweet earthy finish.

EFFECT Relaxing in the body but

heady and euphoric in the mind, in an afternoon bliss high.

LOOKS / BAG APPEAL

Looking classy in glass, this thick and dense strain is frosty and ready to be smoked.

S E A T T L E , W A / SAINTSJOINTS.COM

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TA N N I N S & T E R P E N E S I S S U E

In the glass

2017 PINETO BRACHETTO D'ACQUI

MARENCO

This refreshing and aromatic sparkling red wine is a beautiful choice for your next dinner party, going equally well with dessert as it does for preparing wine-based cocktails. Marencovini.com

In the bowl SUGARBERRY SCONES

HOUSE OF CULTIVAR

The Seattle producer/processor is committed to growing excellent strains in pristine conditions, building phenotypes from their tissue culture lab all the way into flower, joints and concentrates.

NOSE Sharp soy sauce and a creamy earthiness melt into sweet, yeasty notes of berries and sugary bread.

TASTE

Initially sharp and tingly on the palate, exhaling into a light, sweet finish.

EFFECT Time warping and perfectly drooly, with

heady indica effects that ooze into the body in waves of content stoniness.

LOOKS / BAG APPEAL

Beautifully structured flower with frosty purple tipped nugs and orange hairs sprinkled around the green frosty body, a flower worthy of being jarred on the stem.

S E A T T L E , W A / @ H O U S E _ O F _ C U LT I V A R

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In the glass

In the bowl

PEAR CIDER

DUTCH SUNSET FLOWER

FINN RIVER FARM & CIDERY The properties of both Finnriver Farm and Treehawk Farms were once combined as Chimacum Dairy, which was owned and operated by Jason Olsen’s family, who today owns Treehawk farm with his wife, Samantha. When the dairy ended in 2012, the properties were split and started into new realms of agriculture, with the Finnriver producing farm-crafted ciders and Treehawk producing Cannabis. While all the cider options are tasty and compliment the fire flower grown by Treehawk, the Black Currant Cider stood out with easy drinkability and refreshing flavors of two types of heirloom apples and the tartness of black currant. Check out the full line of cider today, and try your own heritage pairing with these two local companies. FinnRiver.com

TREEHAWK FARMS

This from seed F1 strain has a Sunset Sherbert mom and a Dutch Fuck dad, and the two bred a beautiful, unique strain with the best of both parents present.

NOSE The front is all Dutch, with heady sweet pine and pine and a light, airy sherbert finish.

TASTE

Smoking reveals deeper notes of the Sherb, with all the brightness of the Dutch tingling the palate.

EFFECT Mellow but uplifting, the mind is set free while the body relaxes in a unique indica hybrid experience.

LOOKS / BAG APPEAL

Purple, frosty and totally Sherbert in looks, this strain is beautiful the bag appeal hits hard on first opening with the Dutch notes surprising and taking the lead.

C H I M A C U M , W A / TREEHAWKFARMS.COM


In the glass 2015 OREGON PINOT NOIR

EYRIE VINEYARDS As the first Pinot Noir made in the Willamette Valley, this perfectly balanced wine is earthy, fruity and robust while still being light and drinkable. A great blend of fruity flavors, acid and tannins, this Pinot Noir from The Eyrie Vineyards is well paired with the Starkiller. EyrieVineyards.com

In the bowl STARKILLER

DOGHOUSE SUPREME DogHouse Supreme Cannabis combines passion with great strains for the Washington and Oregon rec market, dropping fire strains across their line.

NOSE

Rich, bright and sweet with sour-lemon-lavender hints of orangey kush and green grapes.

TASTE

Light smoke with a clean inhale and white ash, the taste is pure citrus and piney green grapes.

EFFECT Indica dominant without the

couchlock, the Starkiller alleviates stress and pain while relaxing the body fully into a euphoric and stoney high.

LOOKS / BAG APPEAL

Fit for a museum, these buds look perfect up close with visible shining trichomes nestled amongst bright red hairs and a medium-green body with purpled foxtail tips.

W A S H I N G T O N & O R E G O N / @DOGHOUSE420

PAIRINGS & REVIEWS WES ABNEY @NWLEAF

PHOTOGRAPHY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

STYLING & PROPS MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ

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TA N N I N S & T E R P E N E S I S S U E

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In the glass 2016 GARNACHA

BORSAO

Big bold and fruity, this wine packs a raw fruity flavor with strong tannins. Intense notes of ripe fruit and floral hints lead, with blackberry, cherry and vanilla dancing in the background. BodegasBorsao.com

In the bowl GRAPE APE

MAD MARK FARMS

This company is crazy mad about growing good Cannabis and delivering strong phenotypes and great flavor and smoothness.

NOSE Just like the wine, the grape is bold and fruity and in-your-face.

TASTE

Thick syrupy ripe grapes and sugary mixed berries.

EFFECT Heady indica effects chase

away pain and stress while settling into an hour-long relaxing high.

LOOKS / BAG APPEAL

Coated completely in white frosted trichomes, this lightly fluffy flower has immense bag appeal.

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PAIRINGS & REVIEWS WES ABNEY @NWLEAF

PHOTOGRAPHY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

STYLING & PROPS MALINA LOPEZ @MALINALOPEZ gold leaf lighter slip by blunted objects

sept. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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Warning: This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgement. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. "There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product." For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of reach of children.


This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.


NORTHWEST LEAF

TA N N I N S & T E R P E N E S I S S U E

BARMAN JACK SANDERS Jack Sanders is a professional barman who combines his passion for Cannabis and ethnobotany into the world of alcohol, creating unique and healthful cocktails that are both beautiful and delicious. His company Erudite & Stone focuses on breaking the stigma of Cannabis through information in person, and influence in the kitchen and behind the bar. You can find his non-infused drinks at Knee High Stocking Company in Capitol Hill, and learn more about his Cannabis-alcohol infusions at FluidAlchemy.com What does your title barman mean?

It’s a career thing. I can go to a bar anywhere in the world and know how to run it and treat the patrons, even if it’s another language. Historically, barmen and bars were public houses, and you would live or stay there. Some of the first places to publically offer alcohol were inns. You would go there, talk to the barman, get a place to stay and a drink and some comfort food. That’s how a barman is different from a mixologist, a barman focuses on hospitality.

How long have you been working in the bar and hospitality industry?

I got into the hospitality industry in 2001, that was directly in relation to being in the fitness industry. I was a fitness trainer and I cared about people’s health in that way. I have a great idea of what calories do in the body and what the sources of those calories do for the body, so moving over to hospitality it was easy to make healthier recommendations for menus and for what people are eating. It was like a natural foundation for how to pair food and drinks to create an experience that is long lasting and healthful, so that you can repeat it.

How do you view alcohol as a barman and Cannabis user?

How does that translate into your drinks?

So my Mom is a Naturopath as was her Mom before, who was really deep in taxonomy and plant identification and ethnobotany. We have a family history that I’ve translated into alcohol. For me, I’m not trying to get someone drunk. I want to improve their continence, their vitality. It’s a medicine, so making someone a drink I take that into consideration. If they have a heart or lung issue I would make a drink with bronchodilators or capillary dilators that may have healthful benefits, and also taste good. As they say, a little bit of chocolate helps the pill go down.

When did you begin combining Cannabis into your drinks?

Probably as early as I was drinking illegally. I’ve been a Cannabis advocate and fan and participant since 1989, so for me the herbs always been there. By time I found out about alcohol I was using herb, and being underage I was still smoking, and I’ve never drank more than I smoked. I was making Cannabis infused drinks in the late 90’s, whether grinding it up and soaking into alcohol or making tinctures. It’s really interesting that it’s catching fire now, but for me it’s always gone hand in hand.

Is it okay to mix cannabis and alcohol?

I have a medicine man’s take on Alcohol. It’s a medicine and like with all medicines, too much becomes a poison. The molecule is an intoxicating molecule, its toxic, and the only reason you should drink on a regular basis is for a healthy intake of nutrients. Alcohol started as concentrates, tonics or infusions, all those were ways to preserve something healthy for the long term. It’s just a medium for suspending things that are good for you in the first place.

Yes, I would say that Cannabis is a mitigator, if not a buffer, for alcohol use. You are consuming something that destroys synapses by depriving the blood of oxygen, so ingesting something like Cannabis that helps increase breathing and oxygenation is positive. Cannabis is also a neuroprotectant, and so the effects counterbalance those of alcohol.

INTERVIEW

I like to deconstruct the flavor of Cannabis, to be very strain specific. I look at what terpenes are present, the formula for that particular strain of Cannabis, and pair that into the idea of food or drink. Barchefing

WES ABNEY @NWLEAF

PHOTOGRAPHY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

50/sept. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

What do you look for when making a drink and pairing it with Cannabis?

is how I term what I do, and I’m very familiar with cooking techniques and flavor profiles and ingredients from a global fusion perspective, and from that standpoint and the ethnobotanical background from a region I ask where does the herb fit in. I take it from that perspective and integrate it into a cocktail, so it’s not like I’m just putting weed into a martini.

How do you infuse Cannabis into drinks?

I take more of a modernist approach, but I like to work with old recipes. So I do research on old world techniques and ingredients, but I’m a big fan of modernists gastronomy techniques. I do foams, airs, molecular transformations to take something solid into liquid and freezing it. If you can put it inside your body I’ll put Cannabis in it, I’m infusing everything.

What advice do you have for people?

Be mindful of what the strain does and understand the terpenes and the effects of the Cannabis. You don’t want to put a heavy narcotic indica into an old fashioned with a heavy pour because the reaction of the body will be to go to sleep and shut down. So be mindful, use psychoactive strains and pain-relieving herbs so you can play with the head and the body feelings. And you don’t have to add alcohol to a drink to enjoy Cannabis. You can make a mocktail with a tincture, or use a glycerin and infuse it into your morning matte with a dollop of Cannabis in it. There are other ways to use it where the intent doesn’t have to be strictly to get drunk or high off it.

goals for your company and your work?

There’s still a stigma with Cannabis, and my focus is informatic. To destigmatize Cannabis as a cocktail and cooking ingredient and something you can use daily. A large reason I think we are not seeing Cannabis more widespread and people still using pharmaceuticals is because they don’t know. We can be the bridge between Cannabis culture and fine dining and usage at large, and a major part of changing people’s minds is just exposure.

Where can people come enjoy your non-infused drinks, and learn more about what you do?

For my non-infused drinks catch me at Knee High Stocking Company, one of Seattle’s earliest speakeasies. People can visit my website to learn more about my services. If you want an infused cocktail for a part or to have someone with you to introduce friends and family to Cannabis, I can help and it’s a great way to expose someone new to Cannabis. My company

is Erudite & Stone, and you can find us online at FluidAlchemy.com


NORTHWEST LEAF

TA N N I N S & T E R P E N E S I S S U E

CANNABIS-INSPIRED COCKTAILS

MORNING COCKTAIL

N I G H T C AP

ANANI’S TEA

T E C H N I Q U E : B U I L D A L L I N G R E D I E N T S I N A G L A S S

•1.0 oz Hennessy White •0.5 oz Afgoo infused Simple syrup (5mg THC) •.25 oz Pelinkovic Latvian amaro •.25 oz Italicus Italian bergamot liqueur •Fill with brewed maté tea •A dollop of cream •A spritz of Angostura aromatic bitters 

V I C T O R I AN R E F R E S H E R

Serve in: teacup Garnish with: morning sun

•1.5 oz St. George vodka •1.5 oz Yuzu-rosé cannaliquor (10mg THC) •1.0 oz Victorian Almond water •Top off with Brother yogurt white grape soda-wine •1 dropper Jack One Green Dragon tincture (5mg THC)

PHOTOGRAPHY DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

COCKTAIL RECIPES & STYLING BRIAN SANDERS FOR NORTHWEST LEAF

52/sept. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

GARDEN PARTY COCKTAIL TECHNIQUE: SHAKE ALL INGREDIENTS EXCEPT SODA-WINE AND TINCTURE, FINE STRAIN INTO GLASS AND TOP UP W I T H S O D A - W I N E A N D T I N C T U R E .

Serve in: lowball glass Garnish with: shiso leaf and a nug of shiskaberry

FORAGED AND FASHIONED TECHNIQUE: STIR AND STRAINED

•1.5 oz Centenario Rosangel Reposado Tequila (Port Barreled and Hibiscus infused) •0.5 oz Yuzu-rosé cannaliquor (3mg THC) •0.5 oz Yellow fern-like yarrow simple syrup •0.5 oz Pelinkovic Latvian Amaro •1 dropper Blue Dream Black Dragon tincture (5mg THC) •6 drops of Wild Amazonian Tobacco Tincture

Serve in: Old Fashioned glass Garnish with: a blunt of Shiskaberry, a bouquet of Yellow Fern-like Yarrow, and a hummingbird aromatics diffuser


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MARIJUANA PRODUCTS MAY BE PURCHASED OR POSSESSED ONLY BY PERSONS 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER. THIS PRODUCT HAS INTOXICATING EFFECTS AND MAY BE HABIT FORMING. MARIJUANA CAN IMPAIR CONCENTRATION, COORDINATION AND JUDGEMENT. DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY WHILE UNDER THE INFLUENCE. THERE MAY BE HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF THIS PRODUCT. FOR ADULT USE ONLY. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.


NORTHWEST LEAF

TA N N I N S & T E R P E N E S I S S U E

- I was not previously a fan of cider. Originally, I was turned off by the lack of depth and the overwhelming amount of sugar. Too sweet, scant complexity - it reminds me of the sugary alcoholic beverages I used to pound in college. Despite my decidedly harsh conceptions of cider, I begrudgingly made the pilgrimage to Sherwood to check out Xylem Cider’s new facility. There we met owner/co-founder and Oregon native Nick Fillis - and immediately dove in. I asked Fillis how he would describe craft cider in his own words. “It might sound cheesy, but craft is a state of mind. It’s a passion, a creativity and dedication to something you love. Craft should be in everything you love, not just cider. We try to embody our motto of ‘cider for the people’. To us, that means: sweet, dry, flavored - and including terpene ciders for Cannabis users.” I needed a grown-up cider for my discerning palate, and I made all of this very clear to cider maestro Nick Fillis, who probably thought I was some asshole pot snob, who didn’t know very “TERPENES ARE A WAY FOR US much about cider - but still kept absoTO SET OURSELVES APART FROM lute opinions on the subject. Let’s just THE DRY-HOPPED CIDER MARKET. say, I was delightfully proven wrong. “Xylem Cider Works was founded WE GET TO PUSH BOUNDARIES by three heroic individuals fed up with MOST DON’T DARE TO...” cider so sweet, it leaves a residue on your teeth, or ciders so dry it would make the Brit’s cringe,” Fillis said. “Xylem was built on the premise of creating unique ciders [that are] always incredibly drinkable.” Xylem opened in January 2018, but Fillis began working on the project for almost two years before he officially opened. Xylem specializes in “dry-hopped” ciders, which (generally speaking) means adding hops into the cider post-fermentation process. The results are stellar and nothing like my previous idea of what a great cider could be. Xylem also infuses terpene blends with ciders to give Fillis a competitive edge in the saturated cider market. “Terpenes are a way for us to set ourselves apart from the dry-hopped cider market. We get to push some boundaries most don’t dare to,” Fillis explains. “It allows us support [the Cannabis] industry that is still under prohibition in most of the country, and hopefully change some non-users opinions about Cannabis through the use of terpenes. We are Cannabis enthusiasts, and we get to make a product that’s unique and share with like-minded customers like [Cannabis consumers] that other beverage companies neglect.” For Cannabis users who are unfamiliar (or familiar) Owners with ciders, Fillis “hands down” recommends trying the Nick and “Wake N Bake” cider and describes it as: “A semi-dry Sarah Fillis mimosa-style cider infused with Tangie and Trainwreck terpenes. A close second was “Passion of the Kush”, which was a passionfruit cider infused with Banana Kush terpenes. I think the “Wake N Bake” is a great place to start, because who doesn’t love a mimosa? The blend of Tangie and Trainwreck kicks it into a completely new dimension while still being familiar.” Xylem is beginning to launch their new creations and The cider market has steadily built an impressive following in beckon cider aficionados to stop by their tasting room the land of craft beer. This month, in the spirit of the Tannins & where Fillis blends one-offs and experimental ciders. I walked away from the experience with a bottle of Terpenes issue, we interview Nick Fillis, the owner and co-founder of “Snakebite” cider. If you love beer and cider and refuse Xylem Cider Works based in Sherwood, Oregon. Fillis is pioneering to choose between the two, I highly recommend the marriage of this unique blend. The Snakebite is Simone new-age ciders through late-fermentation techniques and terpenes. approved, and I guarantee it will be unlike any beverage STORY BY SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTOS BY NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 you’ve tried if you are into dry (unsweetened) cider. Let the record show

TERPENE-INFUSED CIDER IS A REALITY

Xylem Cider Works

56/sept. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF 4991 SW Tualatin-Sherwood Rd Sherwood, OR | XylemCider.com


PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN

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recipes

By LAURIE WOLF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF

FOOD HOLI DAYS celebrating (and cooking) with Cannabis

September 1

Just about every calendar day features a food that is ascribed “National Food Day” recognition. I have chosen three of these holidays to celebrate with Cannabis-infused twists on iconic classics.

60/SEPT. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

INTERNATIONAL BACON DAY Serves 8 • • • •

1 lb. extra thick bacon, 16 slices 3 tablespoons maple syrup 2-3 tablespoons canna-butter or canna-oil, melted 3 tablespoons canna-butter, melted

1.

Heat oven to 300 F. In a small bowl combine the maple syrup and infused butter or oil.

2.

Place the bacon on a baking sheet with sides. Brush the bacon with the mixture and bake for 15 minutes. Remove from the oven and turn the bacon. Brush with the sauce and bake for an additional 10-15 minutes. If you want to have extra crisp bacon return to oven and check every 3-5 minutes.

3.

Place the bacon on a cooling rack and let the excess sauce drip off. I don’t use paper towels because I want to limit my Cannabis loss. Cannabis loss makes me sad.

More recipes pg. 62


recipes

By LAURIE WOLF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF

Serves 9

• • • • • •

1 ½ cups graham cracker crumbs 3 tablespoons brown sugar 4 tablespoons butter, melted 3 tablespoons canna-butter, melted 2 cans condensed milk 1 cup key lime juice, or regular lime juice will do • 5 eggs, beaten • Pinch salt • Raspberries • Lime zest

September 26

KEY LIME PIE DAY

Continued from pg. 60

1. Heat oven to 340 F. Butter a pie pan and set aside. 2.

In a medium bowl combine the graham cracker crumbs, brown sugar and the butters. With your fingers or a food processor work until the butter is evenly distributed. Press the crumbs onto the bottom and sides and the pan. Bake for 10-12 minutes.

Serves 2

Dairy avoiders can use dairy-free milk and ice cream, and canna-coconut oil for the infusion. It will be the bomb. • • • •

Chocolate syrup 1 cup whole milk 3 cups chocolate ice cream 2 teaspoons canna-butter, melted and cooled • ¼ cup chocolate syrup • 1 tablespoon cocoa powder • 2 small scoops chocolate ice cream • Chocolate syrup optional

3.

In another bowl combine the condensed milk, lime juice, eggs and pinch of salt. Pour into the pie shell. Bake the pie for 10 minutes. Allow to cool and then chill in the fridge for at least three hours.

4. Decorate with raspberries and sprinkle with the lime zest.

September 12

1.

Drizzle chocolate syrup inside the glasses. Don’t stress, there is no specific way to do this, anything goes.

2.

In a blender combine the milk, chocolate ice cream (not including the 2 small scoops), canna-butter, chocolate syrup and cocoa powder. Blend until smooth, 2-3 minutes.

3.

Divide the milkshake between two glasses. Place a small scoop in each and if you are so inclined drizzle with chocolate syrup.

NATIONAL CHOCOLATE MILKSHAKE DAY

Laurie Wolf has been a monthly contributor to Oregon Leaf since 2015. Named the “Martha Stewart of Marijuana Edibles” by The New Yorker, Laurie has published four Cannabis cookbooks, contributes to six Cannabis publications and runs Laurie + MaryJane, an award-winning Portland edible company.

got cannabis cooking questions? Laurie@laurieandmaryjane.com

62/SEPT. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


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opinion

By VOW MEMBERS KRISTIN FLOR AND MINDI HALL for NORTHWEST LEAF

JURY DUTY!

YOUR POWER TO \\\ END PROHIBITION

W

elcome to Jury Rights month, where activist groups from across the nation participate with FIJA (Fully Informed Jury Association) to educate potential jurors about their jury rights! For over 30 years, FIJA hosts Jury Rights Day on September 5 in commemoration of the conscientious acquittal of William Penn on the same date in 1670. Excitement over one’s good fortune to serve on a jury is not the first reaction most Americans have when receiving a jury summons. The posture regarding jury service has shifted from being an honor and foremost civic responsibility in the prevention of government corruptions to an inconvenience and a waste of time. Citizens report various reasons for avoiding the dreaded summons. Financially, jury duty can be quite cumbersome and compensation for time is minimal at best. Community members may simply be uncomfortable with the change in daily routine. For socially conscious individuals, however, serve as a juror is effectual in the prevention of unjust laws and violation of human rights. One of these mostly unknown rights is jury nullification. Jury nullification occurs when a jury returns a verdict of “not guilty” despite its belief that the defendant is guilty of the violating the broken law. The jury in effect nullifies a law that it believes is either immoral or wrongly applied to

the defendant whose fate they are charged with deciding. Unfortunately, it is usual for a juror to not be cognizant of their full rights upon entering a courtroom. When jurors are faced with the decision to vote guilty or not guilty, often, the possibility of taking part in the incarceration of an innocent individual has been a concern. If you are ever called for jury duty it is important to know as a juror that you not required to put a defendant in prison, even if the evidence proves guilt, nor can you be ‘punished’ for your verdict. The jury has a responsibility to not only judge if the law has been broken but to also judge the law. All it takes is one juror to vote “not guilty”. Due to unfounded fears of chaos, the vast majority of judges omit the details of a jury’s right to nullify faulty laws during the instructions prior to trial. Jurors are persuaded to believe they must judge the facts based on the law provided and have no discretion. However, the US Supreme Court in February 1794 stated, “Jurors have the power to judge the facts of the case as well as the law itself.” The history of jury nullification is amazing, it was known to help end slavery and alcohol prohibition. When it comes to Cannabis, jury nullification can end prohibition immediately. If we all voted not guilty on all Cannabis crimes, the laws would no longer hold up. NJ Weedman, Paul Stanford and Dr. David Allen were all found not guilty and not sent to prison. Richard Delisi, John Knock and Paul Free would be

free of their LIFE sentences for Cannabis right now if just one of the jurors voted “not-guilty.” In recent news, FIJA supporter and Georgia attorney Catherine Bernard secured jury trial victories for her clients Javonnie Mondrea McCoy and Antonio Willis. Simply put, jury nullification saves lives. Although it may seem intimidating at first, anyone can be an advocate for jury nullification. FIJA offers education and support to those who wish to champion the cause. “We invite everyone to celebrate jury rights in September by reminding everyone of what they will not be told in court: that a conscientious acquittal is a powerful tool that jurors have available to them in doing their job not of enforcing even unjust laws, but of delivering just verdicts even when the law is unjust or unjustly applied,” said FIJA Exec. Director Kirsten Tynan. Visit Fija.org to get your free kit to hold your own celebration.” Jury duty does not have to be a dreaded requirement. It is a privilege and our right to be the conscious of the judicial system. As Ms.Tynan reminds us above, Celebrate your rights as a juror. Next time a summons is in your mailbox, say YES to jury duty, and in turn, you may save a life and help to end prohibition.

“THE HISTORY OF JURY NULLIFICATION IS AMAZING, IT WAS KNOWN TO HELP END SLAVERY AND ALCOHOL PROHIBITION. WHEN IT COMES TO CANNABIS, JURY NULLIFICATION CAN END PROHIBITION IMMEDIATELY. IF WE ALL VOTED NOT GUILTY ON ALL CANNABIS CRIMES, THE LAWS WOULD NO LONGER HOLD UP.”

66/sept. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


Richard DeLisi Richard has been in prison for 29 years because the jury found him guilty in Florida for cannabis! He was sentenced to three 30 year sentences.

Paul Free

After Paul’s unfair trial, he was sentenced to LIFE in prison. He has been in prison for over 20 years!

John Knock John was sentenced to two LIFE sentences, plus 20 years after his unfair trial. He has been in prison for 22 long years.

What is jury nullification? Jury nullification occurs in a trial when a jury returns a verdict of "Not Guilty" despite its belief that the defendant is guilty of the violation charged. The jury in effect nullifies a law that is believed to be either immoral or wrongly applied to the defendant whose fate they are charged with deciding.

Jury nullification helped end slavery and alcohol prohibition! It can also help end the cannabis war, drug war, mass incarceration and keep us all from going to jail for nonviolent crimes.

All it takes is one courageous juror to vote not guilty and save a non-violent person from a LIFE in prison! KNOW YOUR POWER as a juror, be FULLY INFORMED

Paul Stanford Regardless of the laws, jurors voted Paul NOT GUILTY! Since his trial, he has been a free man and has helped many people!

NJ Weedman Jury nullification saved NJ Weedman (Ed Forchion) from prison 3 times! All it takes 1 juror to say ‘not-guilty’!

Dr David Allen Dr Allen was saved by jury nullification, saving him from spending over 30 years in prison for cannabis!

To learn more about jury nullification visit://fija.org and/or listen to Voices of the cannabis war’s radio show http://www.blogtalkradio.com/cchi2016/2016/09/04/voices -of-war--jury-rights-day-jury-nullification

THIS MESSAGE IS BROUGHT TO YOU BY:

VOICES OF THE CANNABIS WAR


NORTHWEST LEAF

68/SEPT. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


|| SEPT. 2018 || BREEDER OF THE MONTH

JD Short

OW N E R & C R E ATO R / / S E C O N D G E N E R AT I O N G E N E T I C S INTERVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS

If there was such a thing as Cannabis royalty, JD Short (son of legendary DJ Short) would surely be the prince of all Blueberry varietals. His roots run deep. JD was born into the cradle of the Cannabis lifestyle in Oregon – guided by the coveted wisdom of his father. Fast-forward to 2018 and JD Short is preparing to launch his own Cannabis seed company called Second Generation Genetics (SGG), with a stock of rare, non-conformist cultivars to set him apart. Most Cannabis breeders do not come from a “weed family,” with generational

growers and breeders who pass down priceless knowledge on Cannabis agriculture, but, Short was blessed in that regard. He was interested in his father’s work and started attempting his own grow as a teen. “My first attempt at growing was around 16,” Short said. “My first ‘harvest’ was around 18 - I began growing Cannabis for personal medication at 22 and have been growing ever since. My first cross was around 2005, and my second cross was around 2008 - and was a collaborative project with DJ. I launched as a ‘breeder’ around 2014 and am just now beginning to delve into the technicalities of the craft and how to apply them. So, to answer directly, I’d say I pretty much just started breeding in 2016-2017.” Despite his deep roots, Short answered humbly. I found his response refreshing because most people call themselves a “breeder” after one unplanned but successful cross, what’s most commonly referred to by breeders as a “Pollen Chuck.” I asked Short what defines authentic, quality Cannabis breeding in an industry full of beginners? What actually matters? “Testing...testing...testing,” said Short.

“IN A GENE POOL AS MUDDLED AS CANNABIS – ONE HAS TO TEST AND MAP THE PERFORMANCE OF THE STOCK BEING BRED AT EACH STEP OF THE BREEDING PROCESS.”

“Authentic breeding of any kind requires that one knows what traits are being bred. In order to do that – in a gene pool as muddled as Cannabis – one has to test and map the performance of the stock being bred at each step of the breeding process. Another key quality, I think sets many breeders aside, is the ability to keep mother stock, or adequate preservation stock available long enough to work out whatever traits are being worked out, or in.” Cannabis breeding is much deeper than painting pollen on elite phenotypes. It requires steep overhead, sacrifice, and the most expensive thing of all: time. Short had coveted access to his father’s work when he undertook the task of breeding, but I wanted to know if he wanted to follow in the footsteps of DJ Short, or if he wanted to take his genetic work in a new direction? Short had the tremendous advantage of accessing stable progenies, so you can bet on the high-quality of his work. “Well, being the son of DJ Short, I think it’s safe to say the genetics I started with were surely his. I did want to grow similar strains as DJ, because I knew how good his strains were compared to what else was and still is available,” Short explained, “The first plant I ever picked up for a mother was actually a plant called Quimby, a staple and classic cut widely circulated in the Whiteaker Neighbourhood in Eugene. I’m still using his F4 Blueberry father to this day, which is the father plant of all my crosses - including the Whitaker Blues which is my first cross and the Azure Haze, which is the second. I do however seem to be more curious about his indica work and he seems more partial to his sativa strains.” Despite the notoriety of DJ Short’s work on Blueberry, JD Short remains partial to the strain Old Time Moonshine, bred by his father and know for heavy, berry aroma/flavor and high resin production. I asked Short if he can reveal any collaborations he is currently working on, and what he looks for favorite strains he has cultivated, thus far? “I’m currently doing collaborations with DJ Short, Suny Cheba, Bodhi and Greenwork420. [This] collaborative work will begin [to lay] the foundation [for the rest] of my career,” Short said. “A lot of the crosses I’ve made since I starting Second Generation Genetics have been with similar concepts in mind. Hybrid vigor, geared towards the concentration of resin production, color production and terpene concentration. The aromas I’m partial to and shooting for are, spiced/incense-fruity, nag champa-berry, cedar-berry, floral, berry, hash, grape, woodsy, earthy, chocolate, vanilla, loam.” He spoke of the frustrations of having to market a seed brand, over the work it takes to create a stable progeny. Establishing a brand is no light task and Short didn’t mince words on critiquing the seed trends of 2018. Short was candid in describing his least favorite aspects of the job. “The marketing,” Short groaned. “As far as the biological aspects, I’d say I don’t like having to verify that a plant is supposed to be what someone says it is. Even for myself, when I’ve mislabeled a plant, for some reason it drives me nuts to have to flower it - in order to identify it. My obvious critique is the lack of any form of standardization or peer review. We could all say how dank the herb [is that we’re] smoking if there was even the slightest semblance of standardization in Cannabis breeding.” Short’s work is significant in the face of “snake-oil” genetics. He has done the tedious work of bringing stable genetics to market, so growers can trust their efforts won’t be wasted. Short distinguishes himself by working collaboratively with fellow breeders, not against them. Cannabis breeders seem to be more open to group efforts, compared to their grower counterparts. Short is set to launch his seed company Second Generation Genetics (SGG) in 2019, but you can unofficially find his work around Oregon. “SGG is the brand my genetics carry, and I am the figurehead Known for in charge of the directive. The brand is already widely available Purple Terps including in some shops around Oregon in: clone, seed, flower, Blue Drama Velvet Ropes concentrate and edible form,” Short said. Farmers Fire “The breeding that’s happening now is cooperative and I’m Spilt Vanilla working with a team testing strains within the same gene pool. Blueberry-Land Snow Melt We will grow much better cooperatively - not competitively.”

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glass art

STORY by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

SPOOKIGLASS PDX TUBING'S GHOST ECLIPSE & GLASS ALCHEMY NEUTRAL PASTEL RIG, DABBER, AND CAP SET This unique rig, dabber and cap set was crafted by the up-and-coming Portland artist SpookiGlass over the course of about four hours using PDX Tubing’s Ghost Eclipse, Glass Alchemy’s Neutral Pastel, and opals from Profound Glass. On the torch since 2015, SpookiGlass’ work features naturalized, realistic representations of the female figures, ditching the highly stereotyped slim waist and large breasts in favor of authenticity. That being said, her work also comes across as playful and somewhat experimental, always pushing the boundary between traditional and new school.

@SPOOKIGLASS Presenting Partner

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Northwest Leaf — Sept. 2018  

Our annual Tannins & Terpenes Special Issue devoted to the pairing of alcohol and Cannabis for maximum flavor potential! Styling by Malina L...

Northwest Leaf — Sept. 2018  

Our annual Tannins & Terpenes Special Issue devoted to the pairing of alcohol and Cannabis for maximum flavor potential! Styling by Malina L...

Profile for nwleaf