F RE E
OCTOBE R 20 18 # 52
THE HEMP ISSUE
Mission Lago Farm | Rogue Valley, Oregon
THE ENL IGHTENED VOICE
IN DEPENDENT CANN ABIS JOURN AL I SM SI NCE 20 10
OREGON L E A F . COM
This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.
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Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older. Keep out reach of children.
Produced with love in Oregon by Sweet Cannabis
11 Editor Note 14 Cannabis News 18 Hemp For America 20 Testing Labs 22 Patient Profile 24 Highly Likely 28 Budtender 32 Hashtoria 36 Marijuana Paradise 40 Emmett Fraser 44 Strain Of The Month 48 Mission Lago Farm 50 Frogsong Farm 52 Courtney D. Moran Llm 54 Dr. Bronnerâ€™s Q & A 56 Wrap Throwdown 58 Skyline Isolations 60 Vibronic Hemp Wheels 62 Sana Packaging 64 Cbd Hemp Store 66 Hippie Hemp Shop 68 Highland Hemp House 70 Envirotextiles 72 Hemp For Food 74 Breeder Of The Month 78 Cannabis Recipes 80 Sun God Medicinals 82 Doc Molecule 84 Hamilton Cannagars 86 Fortunate Glass
COURTNEY D. MORAN LLM
66H I P P I E H E M P
74O R E G O N C B D
THE HEMP ISSUE F R O G S O NG FAR M
P e r f o r m a n c e | T e c h n o l o g y | I n n o vat i o n
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THE HEMP ISSUE OREGONLEAF.COM
MISSION LAGO FARM GROWS A BEAUTIFUL SPECIAL SAUCE
PHOTO by KATHRYN ALMAND @ALMANDTHEKAT
E S TA B L I S H E D 2 0 1 0
T H E E N L I G H T E N E D VO I C E
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ON THE COVER
Photo by Kathryn Almand for Oregon Leaf This was a tough decision. So tough. Our team sorted through many beautiful images that stood out this month from our photoshoots at farms and hemp companies, and choosing the cover was no easy task. What ultimately won us over was this intimate, photojournalistic capture of the harvest process at Mission Lago Farm with employee Eddie McIntosh.
Editor’s Note Hemp is going to save the planet - that’s no exaggeration.
Love disposable straws but hate killing the oceans? Hemp makes alternative biodegradable plastics. It is a wonder plant that can provide everything from food, fiber, fuel, medicine, building materials and so much more. Everything a petrochemical touches in our society for convenience items we could be making with a renewable resource and healing the earth instead of poisoning it with carbon emissions and more waste. Oregon has been the epicenter for a rapidly expanding hemp industry that is changing the face of this industrial plant. When we first began covering hemp farms in 2016 there were about 30 across the state. Last year that number was in the hundreds, and this year there are easily a thousand different hemp farms across the state, ranging from backyard producers to massive agricultural setups. Much like the Cannabis boom, hemp is spreading across the Pacific Northwest and the impact is being felt nationwide. We are at a turning point as a society and a species as we realize that we cannot continue to live in destructive patterns for our planet, or people. Hemp and CBD wellness are big drivers of this, as we bring healing to our planet, and I feel honored to play a part in spreading awareness of the plant and the people doing amazing things with it. Check out our stories inside this issue for new ways to use hemp, and Additionally, I also want to mention our redesign. If you’ve enjoyed the Leaf over the years you can definitely notice that we have changed our look, but our content and message is still the same. We are continuing to grow and improve our look and how we interact with you, including a new website. Visit OregonLeaf.com to see what we have been working on. And a special thanks here to the Oregon Leaf crew and 8th Day Create for all the help making this possible!
MUCH LIKE THE CANNABIS BOOM, HEMP IS SPREADING ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE IMPACT IS BEING FELT NATIONWIDE.
Thank you for reading, and enjoy this new issue of the Leaf! OCT. 2018
For use only by adults 21 and older. Keep out of reach of children. Do not drive a motor vehicle while under the influence of marijuana.
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NATIONAL NEWS OREGONLEAF.COM
Bales of Marijuana Wash Ashore in Florida TALK ABOUT HIGH TIDE. Large packages of Cannabis are washing up on beaches in northeast Florida, just as they did back in the 1970s. Weed has been discovered on beaches in Flagler, St. John’s and Volusia counties in September, according to the Flagler County Sheriff’s Office. Authorities collected more than 100 pounds of weed wrapped in bundles over two days after receiving reports of “multiple packages, presumably containing marijuana” on the beach near Jungle Hut Park. The U.S. Coast Guard found “seven or eight” more packages off the coast, reports the Washington Post. Meanwhile, an off-duty sheriff’s deputy in St. Johns County, just north of Flagler County, fished another package of weed from the water. Additionally, more ganja showed up to the south, in Volusia County. Surfers located a bundle containing 23 bags of weed in Ormond-by-theSea, reports WFTV-9 ABC. In Flagler County, one unlucky stoner got busted after “failing to report” an 11-pound “wet brick” of marijuana on the beach. Witnesses said they saw Robert Kelley open the package and remove its contents, according to law enforcement. Deputies asked Kelley if he took some of the marijuana. Kelley claimed he was “holding it for law enforcement.” It didn’t work; officers seized the brick, which they found wrapped in a beach towel in Kelley’s trunk. “Others were attempting to do the same thing,” according to the Flagler County Sheriff’s Department.
BY THE NUMBERS
Average age of the American that are likely to use Cannabis
DISPENSARY OWNER GETS FEDERAL PRISON FOR TAX CRIMES The first federal sentencing on tax charges in legal cannabis THE PART-OWNER AND OPERATOR OF CANNABLISS medical marijuana dispensaries in Portland and Eugene, Oregon, was sentenced to seven months in federal prison for tax crimes in September, reports The Oregonian. Federal prosecutors called it the first federal sentencing PRICE FAILED TO of a legal marijuana business owner on REPORT NEARLY $1 tax charges. MILLION OF INCOME AND Matthew Price, 32, pleaded guilty to four DISREGARDED ADVICE counts of willfully failing to file income tax FROM CPAS WHO HAD returns, a misdemeanor. He was ordered by pay $262,776 in restitution to the IRS. Price was WARNED HIM, FOR ordered to turn himself in by November 1. YEARS, NOT TO USE HIS Price, even as he avoided paying his taxes, was BUSINESS MONEY TO PAY advising the Oregon Liquor Control Commission PERSONAL EXPENSES, THE on rules for the state’s recreational Cannabis businesses, according to U.S. Attorney PROSECUTOR SAID. Seth Uram. Price failed to report nearly $1 million of income and disregarded advice from CPAs who had warned him, for years, not to use his business money to pay personal expenses, the prosecutor said. But Price didn’t listen; paying $67,000 cash for a sports car, $15,000 cash on a Rolex watch, went on tropical vacations, bought expensive homes and season tickets to the Portland Trailblazers, Uram said.
23 bags of weed discovered in large packages on the coast of northeast Florida.
perspective licenses in Alaska are awaiting review by the Alaska Marijuana Control Office
payments are being offered by Canadian company AHLOT to test various Canabis products.
STORIES BY STEVE ELLIOTT / TOKESIGNALS.COM
BABY BOOMERS NOW SMOKE AS MUCH WEED AS TEENAGERS
STONED LOBSTERS ONE RESTAURANT IN MAINE is using Cannabis to get lobsters stoned before killing them. Charlotte’s Legendary Lobster Pound claims the process is more humane, speculating that it lessens the crustaceans’ pain when they are boiled alive. Lobsters are often cooked by dropping them, alive, into a pot of boiling water. There is growing scientific evidence that the creatures experience pain. Other crustaceans, such as crayfish and crabs, also can feel pain, according to the evidence. Customers at the restaurant can choose whether they want to consume a stoned lobster or a straight one. Charlotte Gill, who owns the place, said eating the stoned lobsters won’t get diners high. But it does help taste quality, she claimed, because the lobsters are “more relaxed” when they die. “If we’re going to take a life, we have a responsibility to do it as humanely as possible,” Gill told Mount Desert Islander newspaper. “The difference it makes within the meat itself is unbelievable.”
“THE DIFFERENCE IT MAKES WITHIN THE MEAT ITSELF IS UNBELIEVABLE.”
THE LATEST VERSION of a federal drug use study shows monthly Cannabis use continues to rise among older Americans. As of 2017, Americans from 55 to 64 are more likely to use weed on at least a monthly basis than youths from 12 to 17. Seniors 65 and older are also smoking pot in increasing numbers, according to the study. In the mid-2000s, monthly pot use among this groups were almost zero. But last year, 2.4 percent of seniors used weed every month, and nearly 4 percent used it at least once a year. Federal data showed that Cannabis use among middle-aged Americans surpassed teen use several years ago. Many of the middleaged users are returning to pot a few years after drifting away from it. With the wave of legalization occurring just as Baby Boomers enter their golden years, many of them are revisiting some of the experiences of their youth. More than 20 percent of pot users 65 and older said a physician had recommended they use Cannabis, according to a recent study by Benjamin Han and Joseph Palamar of New York University. Medicare prescriptions for opioid painkillers are lower in states with medical marijuana programs.
HEMP FOR AMERICA
By MATTHEW MEYERS
Will the Federal Government ever allow nationwide Hemp cultivation?
18 What do Ron Wyden (D-OR) and Mitch McConnell (R-KY) have in common? They both think America should be legally growing and trading hemp. A perfect example of how Cannabis can help bring people together! Senator Wyden introduced the first bill in 2012, along with officials from Kentucky, motivated by former agriculture commissioner and rookie representative James Comer (R-KY). However, these efforts failed due to political fear of hemp and the stigma of its relationship to Cannabis. But Kentucky didn’t give up in an effort to help its farmers; many of which had previously grown tobacco but failed due to market conditions and corporatization/conglomeration of farming. In 2013 Mitch McConnell, the sitting Senate majority leader and representative from Kentucky came out of his shell and got behind the hemp movement. Introducing the first version of the Industrial Hemp Farming Act that year along with “THIS IS A GREAT Oregon senators OPPORTUNITY FOR Ron Wyden and Jeff THIS COUNTRY TO Merkley (D-OR). Their uncommon COME TOGETHER bipartisan effort AND DO WHAT gradually started to WE DO BEST – convince members of INNOVATE.” the house and senate of the vital role hemp will play in America’s future. The alliance allowed for agricultural hemp pilot research programs to be allowed and studied in the passage of the 2014 farm bill, a comprehensive agriculture omnibus bill which sets all of our farming policies in one giant bill that’s reviewed about every four years. Today, these efforts have evolved into H.R. 5485 (Rep. Comer, R-KY) and S. 2667 (Sen. McConnell, R-KY) as well as inclusions of language in the 2018 omnibus farm bill and many other bills aimed at modifying the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) to allow
for industrial hemp production and trade. The Senate version of the 2018 Omnibus Farm Bill (S. 3042 ) passed with language that would remove hemp from the CSA. However, the house version of the bill (H.R. 2) did not pass with the necessary language included removing hemp from the CSA. However as mentioned, it is not the only effort to amend the CSA to allow for hemp cultivation and research, and at least one of these bills is expected to prevail into law. Sen. McConnell and Rep. Comer both sit on the committee overseeing the 2018 joint (house and senate) farm bill, which will be discussed and drafted in late September. This gives both men a great opportunity to advocate for a legal hemp solution successfully. I hope these efforts will pass successfully and amend the CSA because we cannot forget that until they do that CBD is still a classified as a Schedule 1 narcotic (meaning it has no medicinal value.) We also cannot forget our federal government owns the patents to many of the therapeutic uses for Cannabis (including CBD from hemp.) It’s also important to remember that just because Mitch McConnell likes hemp, it doesn’t mean he has progressed his platform that much. The bills still have many elements that continue to treat hemp like a schedule 1 drug. The language specifically excludes anyone previously convicted of any drug felony from participating. This sentiment is mirrored by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) which has repeatedly refused to consider rescheduling both CBD and THC. They have put these feelings into action on many occasions, including seizing shipments of legal hemp seeds bound for university pilot hemp farming projects that the 2014 farm bill initiated. This is a great opportunity for this country to come together and do what we do best – innovate. Also, our current antagonistic trade war policies have resulted in an increase in the price of imported hemp, which serves as yet another reason that we should develop domestic hemp production; especially considering we are one of the top hemp consuming nations. There is a lot of work to be done to re-establish hemp supply chains and develop new cultivation technology and practices in order to make it a crop successful enough to convince farmers to cultivate it over tobacco, soy, corn, and cotton. All three of those crops have had tremendous amounts of energy put into developing and marketing new products to be made from the crop to increase demand. This will need to be done with hemp as well if it’s going to compete sustainably.
@OREGONLEAF TAG #OREGONLEAF
(FORMER TESTING LAB TECHNICIAN)
This month we will take another look at Cannabis testing in Oregon – what that means for producers, labs, and consumers. Last month, I learned through my interviews with a producer and a lab that there can be a great degree of variance in Cannabis potency numbers. Last month, through my interviews with a producer and a lab, I learned through my interviews that there can be a great degree of variance in Cannabis potency numbers. What does a potency test percentage mean to you as someone who previously worked at an accredited Oregon testing lab? It can mean how strong the effects of a product can be, but it does not tell you how it will actually make you feel at all. Since I have worked in both the lab and cultivar branches of the market, I know that ALL the cannabinoids, terpenes, and even flavonoids etc. have an effect on how euphoric or high you would feel. There are studies that prove it is the Entourage Effect that gives a flower its effects, not just the total THC percentage.
Is it possible for the producers to influence their numbers (via grow/cure method or other tricks?) How do these methods affect the quality of the final Cannabis product? Yes, producers can influence their numbers by growing plants until they are actually finished by scoping trichomes. Cutting plants that are immature or too mature can cause a loss in total THC. Another huge thing producers can do is cure properly. Producers have a tendency of drying too quickly. A proper drying period should take almost three weeks at 60 degrees Fahrenheit and 60 percent humidity. Then it should still be burped in bags or bins for a couple more weeks. In total it should take about five weeks to cure flower properly. It will keep the cannabinoids intact and terpenes from volatilizing. It causes the finished product to have maximum potency and the best possible flavor and smell. Is it possible for labs to influence potency numbers? How would this happen hypothetically? It is possible for a sketchy-dishonest lab technician to influence potency results. In all of the Oregon recreational marijuana labs, aliquots taken to be extracted for testing, are weighed. That weight is recorded manually on paper and digitally. Some labs may print weights directly from the scale, but I know most do not because the state does not require this to be done. That means if someone wanted to, they could change the recorded weight to a weight that is smaller than what the aliquot actually weighs or add more to the aliquot without recording the difference; both would cause the potency to appear higher than it should.
What is the biggest benefit that current lab testing provides to consumers in your eyes? The biggest benefit is definitely the pesticide testing. Just making sure people are not using easily accessible poisonous products to treat their plants is huge for the consumer. Oregon screens for more pesticides for marijuana than any other agricultural product in any other state. I think this is very important when wanting a safe product for consumers. During the OMMP only days mold and mildew testing were required, under the current OLCC adult use system we have there is no mandatory testing for this. Have you ever seen or purchased a product with mold or pm in an OLCC dispensary? I have, and I am not happy about it. I think it is very easy for a retail store employee or owner to see the mold or mildew on the flower. I get you probably cannot inspect every single bud that comes into the store but what I received was very noticeable. I think to solve any problems with this is to just require the microbial contamination test again. It does not cost much, and it is very easy to do. As a Cannabis consumer what indicators do you look for when buying products in an OLCC dispensary? I always go for smell first. I’ll then look for other attributes like trichome size and density, bud structure, and then I’ll look to see what cannabinoids and terpenes are predominant so I can decide if it is right for what I need it for.
“OREGON SCREENS FOR MORE PESTICIDES IN CANNABIS THAN ANY OTHER AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT IN ANY OTHER STATE.”
The most important thing to keep in mind is that a variance in potency percentage is not necessarily a direct public health threat; it just means some people will get slightly higher or less affected than they expected. That being said, with more people than ever trying Cannabis for the first time it would be nice to know exactly what you’re getting into. Also, Oregon has the strictest pesticide testing in the nation for any agricultural product, so testing is providing a great public benefit! I want this information to empower you as a Cannabis lover and consumer to trust your own intuition and senses when choosing between different cannabis options! If you still feel confused your budtender should be able to provide more insight into the products on the shelf!
By MATTHEW MEYERS
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STACEY MARIE JORGE THIS OREGON OMMP PATIENT AND ARTIST STARTED USING CANNABIS TO TREAT A SEIZURE CONDITION, AND WAS LATER DIAGNOSED WITH CHRONIC MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA (CML). CML IS A TYPE OF BLOOD CANCER THAT BEGINS FORMING \\ WITHIN THE BONE MARROW, AND JORGE LEARNED SHE WOULD HAVE TO UNDERGO CHEMOTHERAPY. CANNABIS HAS PLAYED A HUGE PART IN THE QUALITY OF HER WELLNESS WHILE OFFSETTING THE ABHORRENT EFFECTS OF THE CHEMO.
by SIMONE FISCHER / OREGON LEAF
orge moved from Indiana to Oregon in 2015 to join the OMMP program. “My new oncologist was on board with using Cannabis in conjunction with chemotherapy, so I applied for my card within a couple months of moving here,” she said. Before she was diagnosed with CML, she was using Cannabis to treat the anxiety and stress related to her seizure disorder. She was familiar with the therapeutic properties of Cannabis and was lucky enough to find an oncologist who would support her decision to use the medicinal plant. Given the severity of Jorge’s medical issues, the OMMP was equipped to help her navigate Cannabis treatments while in chemo. “On days when the muscle and bone pain is so intense, Cannabis helps to ease the inflammation. When nausea hits hard from chemotherapy and I can’t stomach food, certain strains ease more than prescription medication. I also make an infused oil full extract Cannabis oil (FECO) melted in medium-chain triglycerides oil (MCT, like coconut oil) to put in capsules and take orally,” she said. “The Cannabis-infused oil I make for ingesting in capsules also works well as a muscle oil. Sometimes, I make a crock pot of infused olive oil to use in soups and more savory foods. Medicated Olive Oil goes a long way in so many uses.” Jorge says she’s “late smoker” and didn’t try Cannabis until she was 20 years old with family friends. “[I] felt my stress and anxiety fade. It was brilliant,” Jorge said as she recalls what it felt like after she took her first hit.
“Instead of saturating my liver with opiates and muscle relaxers to help through the chemo, there’s Cannabis. Instead of taking Phenobarbital and Xanax to deal with my anxiety and seizures, I use Cannabis.” “I think I’ve always smoked Cannabis really helps with inflammation and pain. I medicinally. I may not have had a doctor’s also use a CBD tincture made by The Canna recommendation all these years, but I have Company. They don’t add any extra sugar, and always felt better or more normal while using it is 100 percent coconut oil.” Cannabis. Instead of saturating my liver with Jorge believes there is judgment around opiates and muscle relaxers to help through using Cannabis medicinally - even three years the chemo, there’s Cannabis. Instead of taking into legalization. The pushback from the Phenobarbital and Xanax to deal with my anxiety medical community continues until Cannabis is and seizures, I use Cannabis.” de-scheduled on a federal level. Cannabis affects everybody differently and “There is still a small stigma associated Jorge’s experience isn’t uncommon. Traditional with Cannabis. It’s gotten better, especially strains seem to affect Jorge in the opposite way. depending on the state in which you reside,” Green Crack makes her sleepy instead of awake. Jorge said. “Nowadays, more people seem The key is to find what works for you, regardless eager to listen to how it’s used medicinally. what some pretentious weed writer has to say. In the past 20 years, since I first partook, Jorge said she enjoys all aspects of I’ve seen the stand on Cannabis Cannabis and CBD products to help go from a taboo subject, where FOLLOW ALONG with her pain. She likes to smoke joints, @ IAMSMUDGEGIRL flowers would get you jail time; to vapes concentrates and uses tinctures. be openly discussed in The Oregon “I love Blue Dream, or Blue Haze Legislature. However, until Cannabis Buddies vape cartridges. They’re within my price is legal across the nation, and other patients in point, and the extra CBD bump the Haze has need have open access, it’s still not enough.”
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
HIGHLY LIKELY #39
Highlighting Cannabis pioneers who paved the way to greater herbal acceptance.
By PACER STACKTRAIN / OREGON LEAF
hile Fran Drescher is best known for her leading role in the 1990s television sitcom “The Nanny,” she’s been an accomplished actress in television and film since the 1970s. As “The Nanny,” Drescher’s lovably-unique voice and sharp wit made her a fan favorite almost overnight, and she went on to win two Emmy’s and Golden Globes for her work on the show. Dresher’s NYC attitude combined with a sense of grace and over-the-top Queens style seemed not too far removed from her own persona, and that resonated with Americans of all backgrounds. Once her role as “The Nanny” came to an end, Drescher moved outside of TV and film, working with the Oregon State Department as a diplomatic envoy, and as an outspoken advocate for LGBT rights and women’s health issues. As of this past summer, she’s become an outspoken advocate for Cannabis. On August 28th, Drescher delivered the plenary address at the Cannabis Science Conference in Portland. While she may seem like an unlikely candidate for the Cannabis industry, Drescher’s story makes perfect sense. In the speech (which can be viewed online) Fran talks about her own battle with
uterine cancer, about changing the way we think Cannabis by saying, “I would encourage, support, about health care and about the good she’s seen put my name and face to a product or even just as from Cannabis in her own life. a consumer on the ones that are being grown, you Drescher was interviewed by Forbes during the know, the old school way of organic in, in good, conference, telling the interviewer that “there’s healthy, rich soil...the old fashioned way,” she so much that we don’t know, and that’s true with described. “That’s going to be a happy plant.” Cannabis,” and, I’ve got to DESCRIBING HOW CANNABIS about how her admit, I was father has started to pretty surprised HELPED SAVE HER FATHER, consume Cannabis to see Fran for a neurological DRESCHER SAID “HIS WHOLE Drescher’s face disorder. “He went on a billboard FACE BECAME ANIMATED. HIS from having that for a Cannabis expressionless look Conference, VOICE BECAME STRONG. HIS EYES as she’s not that Parkinson’s patients often get a celebrity I’d OPENED UP, AND MY DAD WAS where it’s kind of associate with BACK TO BEING HIMSELF.” a dull life, to a our favorite positive reaction herb. within seconds upon using Cannabis,” she said. “His But that’s what makes mainstreaming of Cannabis whole face became animated. His voice became such an interesting thing to watch happen, as we strong. His eyes opened up, and my dad was back to get closer and closer to full national legalization, being himself.” voices like that come out of nowhere, like Drescher’s, In the interview, Drescher also seemed to endorse will undoubtedly turn the tide on the opinion of our sustainable and healthy growing practices in favorite plant.
socially conscious cannabis cultivation Our commitment to growing quality cannabis has deep roots. After all, we are what we grow.
cascadehigh.com Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of the reach of children.
BUDTENDER OF T HE MONTH
INTERVIEW by PACER STACKTRAIN
Amberlight Cannabis House
First Cannabis experience? I had my first experience with Cannabis at the age of 22, and the strain I smoked was OG Kush. I have been in love with the plant since that first bong hit. I remember the experience as being happy, uplifting, euphoric, and of course, it came with a large dose of the munchies as promised by the legend of OG Kush!
How do you find the right strains or products for a customer? I normally ask customers how they want to feel and what effects they’d like to get from Cannabis. Sometimes it’s necessary to ask them what type of relief they need. After that, it’s all about what appeals to their senses. What smells they like, and what flavors appeal to them.
How long have you been a budtender? What’s your favorite part about the job? I’ve been a budtender for about a year and a half. But you could say I’ve been in the industry for over 15 years, due to the whole “black market” thing. I love helping people discover Cannabis for the first time as well as helping people find the right strain to help with their ailments.
How do you feel about the current testing requirements by the OLCC? I wish that testing was standardized, as I feel that there is too much subjectivity in the algorithms that are used by each lab. I do not put much faith in the THC or CBD percentages. While they are very much an important component of the plant, I am personally, all about the terpene profile as that is really what determines the effect and the relief/ feeling/high that you get from Cannabis.
What’s your favorite method of consuming cannabis? I love bong hits! For me, it’s all about taking the smoothest hit possible. Smoking flower out of a beautiful scientific bong is tops for me.
This well-appointed dispensary carries many of the boutique growers, extractors and edible companies 2407 SE 49th Ave that have made Oregon the envy of the Cannabis Portland, OR 97206 (503) 233-0420 world over. The shop’s excellent Division street location and sleek interior design make it a popular destination for tourists making their rounds through the Cannabis dispensary scene.
AMBERLIGHT CANNABIS HOUSE
“I HAVE BEEN IN LOVE WITH THE PLANT SINCE THAT FIRST BONG HIT.”
What are some of your favorite cannabis strains? Favorite effects/terpene profiles? I love strains like Durban Poison, Dutch Treat, Mendo Purps, and OG varieties. Two of my favorite terpene profiles are limonene and terpinolene. Terpinolene, which is found predominantly in the Dutch Treat, provides an uplifting experience while reducing stress. Limonene is found in Durban Poison and while isn’t immediately noticeable, its subtly sweet and earthy aroma will make you feel uplifted and stress-free.
What makes your shop’s approach to customer service different? I think what sets our shop apart, is that we take the time to educate each customer with each sale. We are a smaller shop, so we do have the luxury of spending a few extra minutes with our customers each day. What are some of your hobbies/interests outside the Cannabis industry? I am a foodie. I love to cook (when I have time) and I was raised in the PNW so I spend a lot of time camping, floating the river, and hanging out with my family in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho.
GOT A FAVORITE BUDTENDER / TELL US WHY! THEPACKERSTACKTRAIN@GMAIL.COM
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
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As a collective of farmers across the country we’re working together with one goal in mind: to grow and produce the highest-quality, full-spectrum whole-plant CBD on the market.
Find our premium quality tinctures, hemp cones and mints online, or send us a message if you’re interested in learning more about the flourishing opportunities in hemp.
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shop review OREGONLEAF.COM
by PACER STACKTRAIN / OREGON LEAF
HASHTORIA 229 W MARINE DRIVE #C ASTORIA, OR 97103 / HASHTORIA.COM / OPEN 9AM-10PM MON-SAT 11AM-10PM SUN / (503)-741-3556
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
THE COAST’S Cannabis eco-system is as healthy as it has ever been. As we cruise down the coast and stop by our favorite summer destinations, we’re constantly surprised at how many new shops open up month to month. Hashstoria is our latest coastal favorite. Located just under the historically famous Astoria-Megler cantilever bridge, this is a small town stop with a ton of day trip potential. We found this humble shop to have a large diverse selection of product with a friendly knowledgeable and professional staff.
SUNSETSHERBERT D O G H O U S E FA R M S
THC: 22.92% CBD: 0.06%
MURAL BY @SUPERMARIOPAINTS
Compared with other shops in Astoria, they’ve got a huge selection of flower. With over 40 strains available, customers will find an array of jars from Pruf Cultivar, Geek Farms, Ten Four, Pistil Point and Doghouse just to name a few. The only thing lacking here is storage of the flower, with the coastal humidity we’d like to see that stepped up a bit on the next visit.
A truly great selection of everything we love and some brands that are new to our eyes. Both their refrigerated and pantry-style selection is well-displayed, with shelves chock-full of almost every brand imaginable. It seems in this department Hashstoria carries full lines of many companies such as a staff favorite, Adabinol.
With over 190 different items listed online, true to the name, Hashstoria has an almost ridiculous amount of concentrates on their menu. Extracts alone, there are over 150 flavors of hash available. In every conceivable category, from Solventless Hash Rosin to Living Dead Resin to full melt and diamonds. You’ll find many of your favorite brands on the shelf as well, from Willamette Valley Alchemy to some of the best coastal extractors. They also carry a lot of exclusive extractions, making a stop here for hash aficionados is a must. Though, to get an idea of all the flavors – you need to know to ask the manager for a look into the vault.
ENVIRONMENT & VIBE 3/5
While Hashstoria certainly isn’t an upscale boutique, the shop’s cozy vibe and friendly employees are what makes the experience unique. Soft green couches greet you when you enter, along with a great mural painted by local artist @supermariopaints. There’s enough space for multiple customers to be served at the same time.
QUICK HIT What Hashstoria lacks in interior design, it makes up for in friendly service and mammoth selection. We found many items by brands that weren’t available in Portland or other big markets. Plus, we get a real mom-andpop vibe during our visit and it felt like corporate money hadn’t yet infiltrated this special little spot with a great location.
This perfectly manicured deep purple flower is a connoisseur’s dream. The dense, terp’afied leaves glisten in the light, exhibiting an abundance of red hairs coupled with radiant crystals. Judging on appearance alone, this purple beauty is surely grade A Herb. Warm, cheesy notes with a sweet sticky candy like aroma fill my nostrils with bliss. A familiar and comforting essence comes over my body from simply the fragrance alone. The smoke was very satisfying with weet berry like notes with a crisp minty clean after taste. Sunset Sherbert genetics are derived from my three all time favorite strains ( OG Kush X Cherry Pie X Durban Poison), the effects are powerful to say TASTE 5/5 the least. A strong cerebral high VALUE 4/5 infused my body with a desire EFFECT 5/5 to focus and be productive. A LABEL 3/5 TOTAL 17/20 two and a half hour high that compelled me to accomplish a few tasks with a clear minded, light hearted intent. This strain truly makes life feel like a day dream of satisfaction.
AFICIONADOFROST ORANGEDIESEL SOLVENTLESS HASHROSIN HAPPY CABBAGE FARMS
72.7%THC 1.04% CBD 12.7% TERPS
The presentation of this alchemical master piece grabbed my attention as my eyes were scanning the abundant selection of concentrates available. Presented in a sleek black matte box with a cute and curious Happy Cabbage Frost Logo, this Ice derived Solventless Hash Rosin delivered an all around aficionado experience. The outer package includes a see through window where the extract can be seen, the inner package holds a tightly sealed medical grade glass container. As I screw the container open, sharp citrus limonene notes backed with a sweet piney essence touch my nose. I’m instantly intrigued, this hash rosin is a beautiful golden full melt of terpy pleasure. As I inhaled its vapor an orange citrus aroma TASTE 4/5 filled my nostrils, upon exhaled VALUE 3/5 EFFECT 5/5 my body instantly felt uplifted and the stress I was carrying at LABEL 4/5 TOTAL 16/20 my shoulders gradually melted away. A clear headed focus came over me with a pretty strong edge for the munchies about an hour into the high. This was a well rounded Sativa dominate high that kept me on the clouds for more than two hours.
product reviews by AJ AGUILAR
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shop review OREGONLEAF.COM
by JANELLE LASSALLE @JENKHARI
MARIJUANA PARADISE 9663 SW BARBUR BLVD, PORTLAND, OR / PARADISEPDX.COM / OPEN 10AM-10PM DAILY / (503)-206-7462
PHOTOS by CHRIS RYAN
IT’S ALL WARM SEAS AND HIGH SAILING IN HERE. STRAINS 5/5
The selection here is sort of all over the place. While the chalkboard menu directs in-store visitors to the flower list with ease, both the Leafly and Weedmaps versions of the online menu were poorly updated, listing a proliferation of flower without basic details like what farm each came from. Highlights include a few strains from PDX Organics, Oregon Roots and Sons of Agronomy. Most strains, if labeled, seem to fall into the indica category, with cultivars like Blackberry Kush, Rude Boi and one of the lone two CBD strains, Pennywise.
No matter what your edible preference, there’s something here for every palate. Standard edibles from brands like Gron, WYLD and Sour Bhotz are in the house, but then there’s also the “fancier” edibles to indulge in. Dive into some nuts from Hunny Bear’s, indulge in a surprisingly tasty Majik cookie or even try your hand at a Lady Green’s treat made from RSO.
CONCENTRATES You’ll be pleased to discover that Marijuana Paradise is no slouch when it comes to their concentrate selection. It’s nice and robust, with just about every major brand name making an appearance. Expect a generous selection of cartridges from Buddies and Winberry Farms along other items like Claywolf Extracts and plenty from Dr. Jolly’s. The bulk of the concentrates vary, though the majority hail from Botanical Laboratories and Farmer’s Friend extracts, with a little merch here and there.
JELLYSICKLE#4 BY PDX ORGANIX
21.64% THC / 0.06% CBD
Soft and springy to the touch, PDX Organics’ Jelly Sickle #4 is an 80/20 indica dominant hybrid, a cross between Purple Punch and Jelly Breath. The flower bears a light green hue that’s complemented by a high volume of pale orange trichomes. While it may be visually stunning, it’s decidedly misleading as it isn’t organic despite the ‘PDX Organics’ label. The smell, though, is incredibly enticing, with a AROMA 4/5 sweetness that draws DENSITY 4/5 you in from the CURE 4/5 moment you open LOOKS 5/5 the jar. A few hits FLAVOR 5/5 are all you need to EFFECTS 4/5 experience a blissed TOTAL 26/30 out state of deep chill.
ENVIRONMENT & VIBE 5/5
It’s all warm seas and high sailing in here. From the outdoor surfboards flanking the doorway to the poster of sprawling palm trees inside, you get the sense that in here everything is on island time, mon. Hard wooden floors accented with bamboo further the effect, providing you with a sensation of bliss and calm. It’s the perfect place to come in and leisurely stroll through products without feeling rushed. Flower strains are colorfully posted on a chalkboard directly across from a fish tank to keep things extra colorful.
QUICK HIT The vibes and atmosphere in here may be nice and breezy, but there’s work to be done with regard to filling out a more robust strain selection. If you’re in search of good concentrates, though, it’s a great place to stop by and get to peek in at a healthy selection of products from live resin cartridges to shatter. The best thing Marijuana Paradise can do to make this beautifully decorated space into a true haven is keeping a more diligent eye on updating their menu, which is sometimes the only resource first-time users have to rely on.
LIVE RESIN HIGH CANNABINOID FULL SPECTRUM EXTRACT 88.21%% THC / 3.11% TERPS / $42/g
I’ve always been impressed with Dr. Jolly’s products, but this extract is exceptional. A beautiful color and texture, these slightly sticky diamonds are a breeze to work with due to the presence FLAVOR 5/5 of over 3 percent EFFECT 5/5 terpenes. As expected LOOKS 5/5 with terpene levels VALUE 5/5 that high, the extract BRAND 3/5 TOTAL 23/25 has a strong lemonpineapple-funk aroma and flavor. The high has a strong, heady, spacey feel and the potency is apparent almost immediately.
product reviews by NATE WILLIAMS
STONER OWNER OREGONLEAF.COM
EMMETT FRASER Dâ€™LUXE CONCEPTS | PORTLAND OCT. 2018
MURAL BY ADAM FRIEDMAN @artbyadamf
“WE ARE COMMITTED TO DEVELOPING AND LAUNCHING PRODUCTS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON QUALITY OVER QUANTITY.” Born and raised in Oregon, Emmett Fraser is a big fan of sports, hip hop and photography. When he hit high school, he began driving his cousin, who had undergone multiple brain surgeries to remove cancerous tumors, to one of the few early medical co-ops in Portland. It was here that Fraser learned to love and respect the plant and understand it as more than a commodity. After high school, Fraser helped with a number of medical grows while working in corporate sales positions and starting a couple businesses of his own. He was one of the original hires for Dope Magazine’s Oregon division, and spent over two years helping develop their program in-state and nationally. Since then, he has focused his energy on his family and building the infrastructure for his new project: D’Luxe Concepts. We caught up for a smoke and to learn what qualifies Fraser as our Stoner Owner for October! Q&A by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
when did you first begin using Cannabis? I first started using Cannabis in high school, maybe 14 or so. Growing up in Oregon I never knew how spoiled we were until I started traveling and realized Cannabis wasn’t as good or as readily available everywhere else.
legs. Being ready and anticipating the shifts before they come, or at least know the shifts are coming is key. With the ever-changing regulations on recreational Cannabis and the massive demand for CBD, you have to stay on your toes.
Can you tell us about the D’luxe brand? D’Luxe Concepts started out as a product development group oriented towards, but not specific to, the Cannabis industry. It has since developed to encompass the rapidly growing hemp sector of the market with the launch of our most recent brand D’Luxe Hemp Company. We are committed to developing and launching products with an emphasis on quality over quantity. I am a firm believer that overproduction and lack of quality control can kill a brand, or at least their reputation.
this is a tough biz. What keeps you motivated? My partners and I have a mantra that we live by, “No Market for Mids.” This can be applied to all products and services but holds a special place in this industry specifically. The market on the Cannabis side is proving to be a sprint to see who can pump out the most product for as low a production cost as possible. We have a different approach. Oregon has the opportunity to be the Cognac or the champagne of the Cannabis industry if we play our cards right. We are a connoisseur market from craft beer/wine to culinary, and even coffee. Oregonians will support premium products, so why settle for mediocrity? Once federal regulations change, people all over the country and maybe the world will be asking for quality, Oregon made products, not to say they aren’t already.
WhY DID YOU DECIDE TO cofound a hemp company? It’s kind of funny, really. After working in the industry for a number of years, I watched partnerships form and dissolve every other month. I was specifically not looking to partner with any new company with Cannabis market in Oregon as unstable as it has been. It came down to finding the right partners, a couple of guys that shared my passion for quality as well as my desired approach and we’ve been rocking since. We all have our own lanes and it’s essential that we stay in them. What has been the most challenging aspect of building a career in Cannabis for you? Being flexible. These industries, both hemp and Cannabis, will beat you up. They will throw you curve balls and they will sweep the
HOW DO YOU LIKE TO USE CANNABIS AND why? I’m a Backwoods guy for sure. I have been known to smoke the occasional joint too, but blunts are where it’s at. Something about the ritual of rolling a blunt will always be nostalgic to me. The process is half the experience.
Stoner Owner highlights individuals who have developed their love for Cannabis into a thriving business. This monthly column celebrates owners who love and actually consume the plant, giving them real insight into the industry’s true roots and culture. PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
Hemp strain grown by ALTER FARMS
CHERRY WINE OCT. 2018
here are CBD-rich flowers, and then there’s Alter Farms’ Cherry Wine. Coming in at an insane 20 percent CBD and less than one percent THC, this cross between The Wife and Charlotte’s Cherries took home last year’s Cultivation Classic award for best outdoor flower in the CBD category. The flower itself is moderately dense, retaining a good sponginess that’s rife with trichomes hidden away in every leaf. Notes of black pepper balance out the flavor to yield something that’s equally sweet and spicy. A few tokes are enough to instantly put the most stressed-out user at ease. The spice of the black pepper reels you in, finishing cleanly with a brightness that’s reminiscent of roses or cardamom. It follows, then, that the predominant terpenes should contain caryophyllene and geranyl acetate, a monoterpene found in roses. The effects of this highly prized pheno are very subtle. It provides a gentle body buzz while lifting your spirits considerably. One bowl is all I need to run around telling everyone how much I love them and am grateful to have them in my life. There’s a significant painrelieving component that makes this flower the perfect mix in for high THC strains; alternatively, you can just smoke it on its own for pain relief that’s non-intoxicating, making it a great cultivar to indulge in a little wake and bake with.
ONE BOWL IS ALL I NEED TO RUN AROUND TELLING EVERYONE HOW MUCH I LOVE THEM AND AM GRATEFUL TO HAVE THEM IN MY LIFE.
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HEMP STRAIN OF THE MONTH
REVIEW by JANELLE LASSALLE @JENKHARI
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For use only by adults 21 and older. Keep out of reach of children. Do not drive a motor vehicle while under the influence of marijuana.
THE HEMP ISSUE
R O GU E VA L L E Y , O R E G O N
Drone photo courtesy farm
Mission Lago Farm was founded in 2016 with the sole purpose of crafting the very best hemp available. After prepping the beautiful property and developing the foundations of the business, the crew at Mission Lago had an incredibly successful first-season cultivating and selling thousands of pounds of premium hemp flower. They rely on strictly organic growing methods, combined with Southern Oregonâ€™s climate and a small, passionate staff. With 99 percent of hemp cultivation companies focused on scaled biomass production intended for extraction, these seasoned Cannabis growers have found a way to differentiate themselves with an ultra-premium product not found elsewhere. Oregon Leaf was fortunate enough to catch a tour of their incredible Rogue Valley farm just before harvest and sit down with Founder and CEO Nick Akins to learn what sets Mission Lago apart.
By NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 / OREGON LEAF
How and when was Mission Lago founded?
Mission Lago Farm was started two years ago when Ethan Brown, the Simpson family and myself had a strong interest in the hemp/CBD market. We believe (and have seen first hand) that CBD has incredible benefits to the human body as well as animals and we felt that the CBD market was on the verge of exploding. After traveling to several states researching the markets and landscapes available, we decided on Southern Oregon. This area has some of the best growing conditions in the country and Oregon has one of the best and most well-run hemp programs in the US. It was a great fit for our team and our vision. What went into picking this site/property?
Our main farm is located in Rogue Valley, just outside of Central Point, Oregon. This valley has one of the best microclimates, that is ideal for outdoor growing, that we have seen in Oregon. Prior to us purchasing, the land was used primarily for a livestock farm for the past 20 years, which has made the soil incredibly fertile for growing hemp. Great soil and very strong water rights were some of the biggest factors in selecting this property for our operation.
Is the goal to produce biomass for others to utilize or will Mission Lago also develop its own products?
Our main focus and niche market is CBD hemp flower. This is really the only product we produce besides extraction material. Our grower Ethan Brown has been a medical grower for almost 20 years and is very particular about the flowers themselves as well as preserving the terpenes and structure. Our harvest process is unlike any other hemp farm, as we focus on the flower and producing high-quality extraction material (biomass) rich in CBD content, terpenes and flavor. We do not hard dry or mulch any of our product as we believe that ruins the overall quality. It takes a much longer amount of time and labor to achieve this but we have found that there is a very large CBD flower market domestically and internationally. Both markets demand a high-quality final product. What genetics are you running?
This season we are growing seven different strains. Our best selling from last year Special Sauce, as well as Elektra, Lifter, Pineberry, AC/DC, Suver Haze and Sour Space Candy. These genetics have all been bred specifically for the Oregon climate. They are typically done in the middle of September and out of the ground before the rains start to come down in October.
“We believe (and have seen first hand) that CBD has incredible benefits to the human body as well as animals and we felt that the CBD market was on the verge of exploding.” Mission Lago Founder and CEO Nick Akins
MISSION LAGO FARM IS THE ONLY CERTIFIED CLEAN GREEN HEMP FARM IN THE STATE.
Do you have any notes on cultivation techniques?
We believe in building soils as opposed to feeding the plant. Our growing techniques are fully organic and we don’t use any fertigation at any of our farms. We believe by building the soils, it will allow the plant to grab what it needs year after year producing large healthy high yielding hemp.
What has been the biggest challenge in developing and running a hemp farm?
The biggest challenge is something that we stress to all of these new hemp growers jumping into the market, scalability. Scalability is the one thing that most people can’t or don’t plan for and it ends up crippling them. Anyone can grow 30,50, 100 plants but when you jump up to 20, 50, 100 thousand plants, you are now talking about “Big Ag,” not small garden farming. Making that jump in mindsets is and always will be your biggest challenge.
CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER
ETHAN BROWN FOUNDER & CEO
NICK AKINS FARM MANAGER
What has Mission Lago done differently from others in the hemp scene?
We strive to produce the cleanest, purest best CBD plant medicine that you can find anywhere. In order to do that it starts at the beginning of the FOLLOW ALONG process and is stressed until the MissionLagoFarms.com final product is in the vacuum sealed bag. We work very hard and are very proud of our organic processes and growing techniques.
PHOTOS by KATHRYN ALMAND @ALMANDTHEKAT
THE HEMP ISSUE
BRETT ADAMS FOUNDER & CEO
CHUCK ADAMS LEAD EXTRACTOR
W I L L A M E T T E VA L L E Y , O R E G O N
FROGSONGFARM CANNABIS FARMING HAS CAPTIVATED THE PUBLIC EYE SINCE LEGALIZATION IN OREGON, BUT HEMP IS POISED TO BECOME THE NEXT GREAT AGRICULTURAL CROP OF OUR GENERATION.
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
“We wanted to demonstrate to our customers and our community that a commitment to regenerative agriculture and social progress are at the heart of our work on the farm.”
FROGSONG FARM PRODUCES A RANGE OF HEMP PRODUCTS WE INTERVIEWED CHUCK ADAMS, THE FOUNDER AND CEO OF FROGSONG FARM, A HEMP FARM BASED OUT OF PORTLAND, OREGON TO DISCUSS THE DETAILS OF WHAT IT TAKES TO BUILD AN EQUITABLE HEMP FARMING COMPANY. FROGSONG FARM PRODUCES FULL-SPECTRUM, WHOLE FLOWER CBD TINCTURES AND TOPICAL RUBS, AND THEY SELL ONLINE AND SUPPLY A NUMBER OF BUSINESSES AROUND PORTLAND AND THE WEST COAST. THEY EVEN PARTNER WITH A HANDFUL OF LOCAL COMPANIES AND RESTAURANTS TO SUPPLY CBD PRODUCTS FOR THINGS LIKE KOMBUCHA, ICE CREAM AND MORE!
By SIMONE FISCHER / OREGON LEAF
fter earning a Master’s of Business Administration from the University of Colorado, Frogsong Farm CEO Chuck Adams spent four years with Hewlett Packard working as an accounting manager and financial analyst. The following 35 years were spent working with a variety of companies serving in a capacity as either CFO, COO or, in many cases, both. “Company sizes ranged from fewer than 10 employees and $1 million in revenue to 250 employees and $80 million in revenue,” Adams said. “About 40 percent of my professional life was spent with new start-ups.” Adams might not have had been endowed with real-life farming experience, but he went into crafting Frogsong Farm with a keen eye to detail. I wanted to know why he decided to go into hemp farming over Cannabis farming. What details about the process of hemp drew him in? “Our goal all along was to find a crop that would allow us to meet several key goals. First, it needed to be something that involved growing organically and that would allow us to improve the health of our farm with each succeeding year rather than degrading it as is so common in modern agriculture. And of course, it had to be a crop that could be grown well using beyond organic farming methods. Second, it needed to be a product that we could add value to right here on the farm. And third, it needed to be something that would do good in the world.” Growing hemp isn’t cheap but doesn’t require
the major overhead that most Cannabis hemp genetics, and what they look for in the producers endure. No expensive, state-of-thecultivars they select for crop. art indoor lights or HVAC, just the sun and “This year we grew five strains: Sour Space well-maintained land. Traditional agriculture in Candy, Lifter, Special Sauce, Elektra, and Oregon has tended to deplete the land rather PineBerry. One major priority in craft hemp than give back, so it’s great to hear that hemp is farming is choosing varieties with strong helping farmers begin to close the loop and put cannabinoid profiles,” Adams said. sustainability at the forefront of their business. “This goes beyond high CBD levels and low Frogsong Farm is Oregon’s first hemp farm to THC levels, though that is a start (our strains achieve B Corp status. I asked Adams what made average a 25:1 ratio CBD to THC). We’re him want to take his farm in that direction. interested in the profile of other cannabinoids “Earning B Corp certification was an and terpenes...and CBG and CBN, among opportunity to legitimize Frogsong Farm’s inherent other cannabinoids that are demonstrating value system. We wanted to do more than claim promising health benefits.” that we care about doing social and ecological Frogsong Farm is a seed-to-shelf operation good; talk is cheap,” Adams said. with no middle-men, and everything FOLLOW ALONG “We wanted to demonstrate to gets third-party lab tested. This FrogsongFarm.com our customers and our community mean Adams not only plans on that a commitment to regenerative producing their own hemp but also agriculture and social progress are at making their own hemp-based the heart of our work on the farm,” he said. products in-house. It sounds like an immense Adams said that many shoppers may have task, but noteworthy if executed properly. become jaded by unsatisfactory experiences with “We are a seed-to-shelf operation, which low-quality CBD products. is quite rare in the industry. We do all of our “We want to earn peoples’ trust. Being vetted own growing, extraction, and production. No by B Lab and meeting stringent standards for middle-men here,” Adams explained. social and ecological ethics, transparency, and “This allows us a degree of control over accountability sets us apart from our competitors. every aspect of the business from seed We’re proud to be the first hemp farm/CBD selection through growing, harvesting, curing, company to earn B Corp certification.” extracting and manufacturing that we would In the relatively new legal landscape of hemp, I lose if we farmed out (no pun intended) any probed Frogsong Farm on where they source their of those tasks to outside parties.”
THE HEMP ISSUE
Whole Circle Farms in Willamette Valley, Oregon, one of her hemp clients.
“This will be a historic victory for Cannabis, the earth, farmers and agribusiness owners all over the world.”
THELAWYER COURTNEYN.MORANLL.M. INTERVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER / OREGON LEAF
What made you get into the legal side of hemp, and how long have you been working with Oregon hemp farmers?
Behind almost every business is a savvy lawyer, but then there is hemp attorney Courtney N. Moran, LL.M.
Moran is the founding principal, attorney and counselor at EARTH Law, LLC in Portland, chief legislative strategist at Agriculture Hemp Solutions, and the president and lobbyist for the Oregon Hemp Farmers Association. Moran earned her Master of Law in Environmental and Natural Resources Law from Portland’s Lewis and Clark Law School, with an emphasis in industrial hemp. The experience led her to work directly with the Oregon Department of Agriculture to build the foundations of the Oregon Industrial Hemp Program as we know it. Moran continues to impress as she helps implement hemp law at a state level and national level in Washington, D.C.
five state hemp programs and contributed to the foundation of several other state programs, as well as drafting the federal Hemp Farming Act of 2018.
My interest in hemp legalization began when I Are there specific challenges hemp farmers was a senior at Marquette University after reading are currently facing in Oregon? Regulations or market issues? Both? The Emperor Wears No Clothes by Jack Herer, edited by Chris Conrad. I could not believe that Current challenges in Oregon and throughout a plant that cleaned up the soil as it grew, and the nation stems from guidance coming from could produce thousands of sustainable products, federal agencies that are in direct conflict with the was illegal for U.S. farmers to grow. This irrational clear letter of the law and the intent of Congress in the Agricultural Act of 2014 and the Omnibus policy was something I could not stand for and led Appropriations Acts. Some of these include banking to me interning for national NORML during my issues and crop insurance. second year of law school at the University of St. Thomas School of Law. What are some of the things you are I started working with Oregon Cannabis farmers working towards, or hope to accomplish for the Oregon hemp industry in 2018? when I began my law practice in 2011. I then Full federal hemp legalization through the passage continued my education and earned a Master of the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (S. of Laws in from Lewis and Clark Law School, 3024/Substitute Amendment to H.R. 2), which with an emphasis on Industrial Hemp Law, while includes the language of the Hemp Farming Act of simultaneously taking the world’s first industrial 2018 (S. 2667/H.R. 5485). It’s been an honor to hemp university course at Oregon State University. work with the offices of Senator Ron Wyden, Senate From there, I worked with Oregon farmers, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, Senator Rand agribusiness owners, and the Oregon Department Paul, and Senator Jeff Merkley on the of Agriculture to implement the Oregon drafting of this legislation. Within Oregon, Industrial Hemp Program. FOLLOW ALONG we continue to advance our program I co-founded the nonprofit Oregon Ear thLawLLC.com to serve the needs of farmers and hemp Industrial Hemp Farmers Association agribusiness. (OIHFA), the group I lobby on behalf of, to develop a hemp program that not only worked How do you think the 2018 Farm Bill would within the federal legal framework, but one that impact Oregon hemp farmers if passed? actually worked for farmers and business owners and that would provide a solid foundation for a A federal Farm Bill will pass – the question is when. sustainable industry. With Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell as OIHFA has passed three pieces of our chief sponsor and Senator Ron Wyden as cocomprehensive hemp legislation in Oregon sponsor on the hemp provisions, and with additional to date. It took a coordinated effort, fueled by bipartisan support from Senators Merkley and Paul, my passion for Cannabis hemp legalization, along with Congressmen Comer, Blumenauer, and with farmers and business owners throughout Polis, as well as the entire Oregon Delegation and Oregon, along with the support of the Oregon several other influential Congressional Delegates, Congressional Delegation, the Oregon the industry is confident full hemp legalization will Department of Agriculture, the Oregon Legislature, be included in this Farm Bill. This will be a historic and the Oregon Farm Bureau to develop the victory for Cannabis, the earth, farmers, and leading hemp program in the country. agribusiness owners all over the world. For Oregon Nationally, my advisory firm Agricultural Hemp farmers and agribusiness owners specifically, this Solutions, LLC (AgriculturalHempSolutions.com) , has will provide clear access to banking, crop insurance, successfully drafted, passed, and helped implement interstate commerce, and research funding.
PHOTO by CHRIS RYAN
THE HEMP ISSUE
DAVIDBRONNER DR.BRONNER’SSOAPS INTERVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER / OREGON LEAF
Tell me more about your arrest outside DEA headquarters for planting hemp seeds, and harvesting hemp plants in a cage in front of the White House? \ In 2012, I participated in a direct action protest to urge President Obama to take action in support of hemp farming legalization. I harvested seeds from hemp plants, and pressed oil from the hemp seed, while locked in a cage in front of the White House. I had a loudspeaker and signage with me in there, and spoke to the gathering crowd and Obama beyond about the need to legalize this crop in the U.S., and the outdated and misguided drug policy that made industrial hemp illegal in the first place. Eventually, the cage was cut open by firefighters and I was arrested. We feel this protest helped spur the issue of hemp legalization into the national dialog, and direct the attention of Congress to this issue. 2012 was the year we really began to see movement at the state and federal levels to implement hemp farming legislation. Dr. Bronner’s helped fund and coordinate the hemp industry’s battle to defeat DEA’s regulations by winning HIA. V. DEA in 2004. How did that help prepare for the 2018 Farm Bill to exist today? In the HIA. V. DEA legal battle, which we won back in 2004 in the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, the Federal government was forced to accept the legality of importing, manufacturing, and consuming hemp products. This was a huge step in the effort to legalize hemp farming, as this ruling protected the existence of the consumer market for hemp products in the U.S.— the largest consumer market for hemp products in the world. This set the stage for the hemp movement to make progress in the coming decade, by establishing legal separation for industrial hemp from marijuana, working with states to setup hemp farming research programs, and working with Congress in the current Farm Bill that will remove hemp from the Controlled Substances Act entirely.
What are your thoughts on the 2018 Farm Bill, and if it passes, how would it affect the company? Dr. Bronner’s definitely supports the passage of the Hemp Farming Act in the 2018 Farm Bill. We feel that this versatile and sustainable crop should be legal for farmers to grow across the country, and should be regulated as a commercial crop by the USDA, just like wheat and other crops. Federal legalization of hemp would allow us to source hemp oil from American producers, rather than import it from Canada. Passage of the Hemp Farming Amendment in the Farm Bill would provide opportunity for economic growth in our rural and agricultural communities, and would offer a new, sustainable raw material for use in many industries— including home construction, textiles and fashion, bio-plastics, food and supplements, and automobiles. At the time, only crops grown for research and experimental purposes was legal, so this crop did not supply hemp oil for our products. However, we are committed to sourcing hemp oil from American farmers as soon as the crop can be grown organically and to the scale needed to supply the millions of bottles of soap we make annually! When did the company begin to use hemp oil and what products use it? Hemp oil was added to our Castile Liquid Soaps around 2000. All our soaps, lotions, shaving soaps, balms, and hair care products, contain hemp oil. The only body care product that doesn’t contain hemp, is our hand sanitizing spray. However, we are committed to sourcing hemp oil from American farmers as soon as the crop can be grown organically and to the scale needed to supply the millions of bottles of soap we make annually!
PHOTO by TIMOTHY HOGAN
In the spirit of the Hemp Issue, we want to shine a light on the decades of activism from David Bronner, owner of Dr. Bronner’s Soap, a notoriously outspoken advocate for hemp. Bronner caused a stir in 2013 when he was arrested outside DEA headquarters for growing hemp seeds — a radical act of protest designed to challenge the Obama administration to legalize hemp farming. Dr. Bronner’s was among the first companies to bring hemp to the market on a national production scale. Beyond David’s personal activism, Dr. Bronner’s is one of the largest personal care companies certified under the USDA’s National Organic Program, and the company pioneered the use of 100 percent post-consumer recycled plastic bottles. After growing 1,100 percent in the last 15 years, Dr. Bronner’s is committed to becoming a zero-waste operation.
How does Dr. Bronner source hemp and was it consumers become increasingly aware of difficult to bring hemp to a production scale? the impact of their purchases and demand Currently, we source the hemp oil used in our body more environmentally responsible and care products from Canadian farmers, mostly from ethically produced products. Consumers Manitoba province, as organic certification is key want to support companies that are moving and there is not yet much certified organic seed oil in a positive, sustainable direction, and production in the US. companies that stand up against practices Canada has long understood the value of hemp that contribute to climate change. as a commercial crop, and overcome antiquated We educate consumers about the laws that conflate industrial hemp with other forms of importance of sustainability in the cannabis. Hence, Canada had a robust hemp industry production of our soaps through our when we began adding hemp oil to our Castile Liquid website and social media channels. We soap formula in 2000. also record information about our carbon The DEA cannot interfere in Canadian hemp footprint and activist causes we support, farming, however they did attempt to prevent and publish that in our version of a imports of hemp products from Canada, corporate social responsibility China, and other countries, in the early report, our All-One Report, which FOLLOW ALONG DrBronner.com 2000s. Dr. Bronner’s, along with the you can find on our website. Hemp Industries Association, Nutiva, and other early hemp adopters sued the DEA Why should consumers and won, establishing the legality of consumption, support hemp businesses? manufacturing and import of hemp products in 2004. Hemp is a sustainable crop that can be used for many diverse applications— often Why don’t you think it’s more common for replacing other materials or ingredients that companies to move towards zero-waste have a bigger carbon footprint than hemp. operations, and how does Dr. Bronner’s work For example, hemp is far more sustainable to educate the everyday consumer on the for use in clothing than cotton, which is importance of sustainable business practices? one of the most chemical-intensive crops More and more manufacturers in the U.S. are moving in the world. In most cases, supporting toward reducing their carbon footprint and improving a hemp business is a consumer action the sustainability of their production methods. It’s anyone can take that creates demand for a slow process, but it’s an inevitability for all as environmentally sustainable products.
Will Dr. Bronner’s ever source hemp grown in Oregon? In 2013, when Kentucky became the first state to legalize industrial hemp farming at the state level, even before the Farm Bill included the Sec. 7606 Industrial Hemp Research Amendment in January of 2014, Dr. Bronner’s pledged that we would begin sourcing hemp oil for our body care products as soon as it was available. We are eager to source hemp oil from American farmers, and support the growth of this industry here in the U.S. [however] some of the challenges we face in sourcing hemp from Oregon, or any other American farm, include: 1) The USDA Organic standard in the past refused to certify organic hemp and farmers; 2) Most American farmers are entering the CBD market and not choosing to produce certified organic hemp oil; 3) and American farmers have had trouble accessing certified hemp seed that produce quality hemp seed oil. This is all changing rapidly and we expect to be sourcing certified organic American hemp oil that meets our quality specs very soon!
“The DEA cannot interfere in Canadian hemp farming, however they did attempt to prevent imports of hemp products from Canada, China, and other countries, in the early 2000s.” OCT. 2018
THE HEMP ISSUE
A blunt is a big, loud way of consuming a conspicuous amount of Cannabis. While the idea of a blunt was first born out of the necessity of smoking in busy cities like New York, it’s now become a sort of nostalgic and interesting way to celebrate Cannabis in this new era. The original blunts were made from hollowed-out Swisher Sweets. Now, most people twist them up with the help of wraps (cigar wrappers alone) with no tobacco inside. However, as consumers have become more and more health conscious and aware of the dangers of tobacco, hemp is a good alternative for people seeking alternatives to the harsh, overbearing nature of tobacco-Cannabis combos.
JUICY J’S WRAPS
were pioneered by Memphis, TN rapper Juicy J. Initially, the company only made tobacco wraps, but has branched into hemp wraps over the past few years.
HIGH HEMP WRAPS
HEMP WRAPS THECANNASSEUR’SBLUNT by PACER STACKTRAIN / OREGON LEAF
entered the market a year ago with an all-organic and vegan alternative with no artificial colors or flavors.
JUICYJ 5/10 Out of the
two hemp wraps we tested, these wraps were the most pliable and easy to roll with. That said, they were a bit tough to stick. The flavored Juicy J wraps use artificial ingredients and the grape flavor we tried verged on overbearing. Made with hemp sourced from the Philippines, the wraps burned nice & slow.
The High Hemp wraps are a bit HIGH 8/10 drier than the Juicy J wraps, making a little harder to roll with. Once HEMP them we got the hang of it, though, we found them easier to stick. High Hemp claims to not use artificial ingredients and this certainly came through in and even, almost unnoticeable smoke. Their hemp is sourced from their own farm and organically grown. We liked that the wrap burned evenly all the way through, and High Hemp’s packaging shows off.
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
THE THE HEMP HEMP ISSUE ISSUE
The company works alongside emerging local hemp producers to craft their line of visually aesthetic CBD hemp products for the Oregon market.
SKYLINEISOLATIONS by SIMONE FISCHER / OREGON LEAF
kyline Isolations’ heart is in director and CEO Sean Ryan and co-CEO Laura Ogbogu. The team wanted to create a product with a foundation based on product transparency and accountability. By crafting CBD salves and tinctures to break hemp into the mainstream, Skyline hopes to entice hemp users on the horizon. The team got into creating hemp products for the medicinal properties of the plant. “Not every state in the U.S. has medical Cannabis programs. Even then, some states’ systems haven’t fully developed their operations. By creating hemp-derived CBD, we can share our products with people across all state lines,” Ryan said.
Skyline Isolations currently sources onto the consumers.” Ryan said. their products from a local, familyCurrently, they specialize in hempowned and operated farm, CBD derived CBD salves, tinctures and Green Farms, and Tweedle Farms. pet tinctures. Ryan and Ogbogu take pride The salves come in a variety of in working alongside Oregonscents (floral, citrusy, unscented), based hemp producers with similar and the look of the salve itself isn’t missions. What differentiates Skyline another waxy-green emulsion. Isolations from other emerging hemp It looks like a high-quality beauty brands is their ability to vertically cream you would purchase from a integrate with style. fancy shop counter. “We want to cultivate an organic, The scents are not overwhelming, naturally-derived therapy without and the product absorbs luxuriously any synthetic ingredients while into the skin. maintaining its economical price Ogbogu also treats her points. We co-op with farmers, do Chihuahua Buddy Rich with the all of the manufacturing, salmon oil “Pet Tincture” bottle and label products FOLLOW ALONG nightly to “soothe his anxiety SkylineIsolations.com in-house so that we are perfectly for a sound night’s able to pass the savings sleep,” she says. Skyline also
created a vegetarian pet tincture as well for pets who do not consume meat. (Horse owners and bunny owners, rejoice!) Skyline Isolations also produces tinctures for people who want CBD. You can add Skyline Isolations’ CBD tinctures to your food or drink – or, just use the tincture sublingually (under the tongue.) “Salve lotions, tinctures, and pure isolates merely scratch the surface of the healing capabilities CBD can be utilized for,” Ogbogu said. “We are honored to share these natural health supplements with countless people each day and are proud to be creating more opportunities to expand our reach to communities around the globe.”
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
THE HEMP ISSUE
by PACER STACKTRAIN / OREGON LEAF
The hemp rubber has a bit of a buoyant quality, making them bouncy enough to work in just about any situation.
our quest to document all-thingsproprietary blend that’s unique to their semihemp for the October issue, the translucent green wheels. These wheels are Leaf team scoured the world for manufactured in the United States and Vibronic what’s innovative in the field of the is a division of Rubber-tech, a company that’s world’s most versatile plant fiber. Sometimes, pioneered advancements in rubber technology what we find even surprises us. Case in point: and manufacturing. finding (in Dayton, Ohio of all places) the Rather than being wrapped in plastic, they Vibronic hemp rubber skateboard wheel. were presented in a custom hemp sack. Even While Vibronic certainly didn’t reinvent the more exciting was that they’d printed them wheel, to our knowledge they’re custom for the Leaf team! the only known maker hemp-rubber These wheels are an interesting FOLLOW ALONG skateboard wheel on the planet. texture, different than most skateboard Vibronic.com Their hemp/rubber composite is a wheels – and much lighter. The semi-
translucent wheels are speckled with bits of hemp visible inside. When I put them to the concrete, I found the wheels to have a nice, smooth ride. These have a smaller surface area than most wheels this size, which is refreshing to see and can work in a number of skateboard applications. The hemp rubber has a bit of a buoyant quality, making them bouncy enough to work in just about any situation. At 82b durometer, these are a great cruising wheel – perfect for all-terrain situations. Vibronic has created a perfect park wheel with enough grip, but still plenty of slide-ability.
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
THE HEMP ISSUE
SANA PACKAGING by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 / OREGON LEAF
eveloped by two Cannabis enthusiasts in Colorado, Sana Packaging is poised to be a huge factor in reducing the industry’s carbon footprint in years to come. Sana offers the first 100 percent plant-based and ASTM certified child-resistant packaging designed specifically for the Cannabis industry. The company currently produces Sana Containers and Sana Tubes, 3.5-gram flower containers that double as rolling trays and pre-roll joint tubes that also fit most half and full gram cartridges on the market and even some manufacturers all-inone vaporizers. The company is still in its infancy, but demand is already outpacing
Being 100 percent plant-based, these products should be able to biodegrade in a matter of months instead of the roughly 450 years it takes regular plastic to accomplish the same task.
their production capabilities. currently mandates an outright The products are 30 percent negligent amount of packaging for hemp-based, about double what every Cannabis product sold, the other hemp plastics companies vast majority of which goes straight products are comprised of. to a landfill after purchase. The remaining 70 percent is a Instead of lobbying to get laws plant based blend that is primarily changed, which is an expensive and corn PLA. While the company has often times unsuccessful endeavor, the ability to produce 100 percent founders James Eichner and Ron hemp-based plastics already, the Basak-Smith teamed up to develop a viability is not currently there due to ground-up solution to the industry’s the availability and cost of biomass. wasteful packaging ways. The company has over a dozen Being 100 percent plant-based, clients, mostly in Colorado and these products should be able to Oregon. To date, they’ve also biodegrade in a matter of months received orders for their products instead of the roughly 450 years from California, Maine, it takes regular plastic FOLLOW ALONG to accomplish the same Vermont, Ohio, Alaska SanaPackaging.com and even Canada as well. task. With businesses like Oregon’s legislature Amazon furthering the first
world’s infatuation with convenience, unsustainable single-use products are becoming more and more popular making Sana’s eco-friendly packaging an increasingly valuable piece of the puzzle for the future of our industry and planet. Motivated and forward-thinking ownership like Eichner and BasakSmith and innovative companies like Sana Packaging will be key factors in helping reduce the massive carbon footprint the Cannabis industry leaves on the world annually. We look forward to seeing what other innovations Sana Packaging produces and to seeing more Cannabis companies implement environmentally conscious packaging for their products.
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
THE HEMP ISSUE
7384 SE Milwaukie Ave Portland, Oregon
CBDHEMPSTORE by JANELLE LASSALLE @JENKHARI / OREGON LEAF
hen it comes to managing pain, of “standard” CBD items like tinctures CBD is incredibly useful, but and topicals, but then again you can also only if sourced properly. find things like CBD concentrates or CBD Luckily enough the Cannabis conditioner. The elusive unicorn, aka CBD gods have smiled down on us all and cartridges, are also available, with three blessed Portland with its very own “CBD varieties in stock. The most popular item is hemp boutique.” definitely tinctures. With locations in Milwaukie and A brand called Roots of Life seems to Sellwood, CBD Hemp Store opened its dominate the display cases, with the “Night doors to the general public this spring. Blend” as one of the most popular items. Step inside and you’ll be met with a It’s a great place to go for folks who professional, if clinical looking environment. can’t consume THC for one reason or A light blue wall displays two large TVs another, or who simply don’t enjoy THC. overhead broadcasting the menu Being able to ask a real person while arrays of products peek out FOLLOW ALONG lingering questions about CBD is from under the glass counters. a luxury, one we can proudly say CBD-hempstore.com You can find a generous selection is available to us every day.
A light blue wall displays two large TVs overhead broadcasting the menu while arrays of products peek out from under the glass counters. OCT. 2018
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
420 NE 60th Ave urbanfarmacypdx.com (503) 957-7832
Hours: Mon/Tues: 10:00AM - 9:00PM Weds - Sat: 10:00AM - 9:45PM Sun: 11:00AM - 7:00PM Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older. Keep marijuana out of the reach of children.
THE HEMP ISSUE
187 E Broadway St. Eugene, Oregon
66 Cofounder Nicole with her daughter, Henley, 2.
HIPPIEHEMP by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 / OREGON LEAF
the corner of one of downtown Eugene’s busiest streets is Hippie Hemp, a beautiful retail store selling all things crafted from hemp. From soaps to blue jeans, and skateboards to pet treats, Hippie Hemp carries a broad variety of hemp-based products. Whether you want to eat, drink, wear, smoke or vaporize Hippie Hemp has you covered. Owners and business partners Lance and Nicole Kreck founded the store in December 2017 and have watched the business steadily grow since then. “When we first started on our hemp journey, we were focused on selling CBD products because of
how fast it had helped my dad with inability to regulate consumption joint pain and inflammation in his based lounges or interstate hands. We started hearing success commerce. stories from our customers and were Fortunately for Cannabis’ legal in awe at the healing power of the sibling, all aspects of hemp are hemp plant,” Nicole said. significantly less expensive and more In addition to watching their own cut and dry to get into. business expand leaps and bounds, On the retail side of things, the hemp market in Oregon has businesses like Hippie Hemp enjoy made strides in development over the benefit of international sales the last year. via e-commerce, no additional tax The total acreage of hemp implications or restrictions, and grown, number of businesses, and normal pricing for business licenses. number of products available in the Hippie Hemp stocks an impressive THC-free market has skyrocketed 400+ products, with a large portion since the pace of development of them made locally in Oregon. in Oregon’s Cannabis Next time you’re in FOLLOW ALONG Eugene, stop in and industry have come to a HippieHempLLC.com screeching halt, thanks check them out or visit largely to the state’s them online.
Owners and business partners Lance and Nicole Kreck founded the Eugene shop in December 2017 and have watched the business steadily grow since then. OCT. 2018
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
THE HEMP ISSUE
HIGHLAND HEMP HOUSE Pamela Bosch is an educator, artist, hemp activist and founder of Highland Hemp House in Bellingham, Washington.
The former Bellingham Technical College and Northwest Indian College teacher is pioneering a project to use hemp-lime and other natural materials to retrofit her home into an ideal healthy living space.
As a member of the Washington State Farm Bureau, Bosch works at both the state and federal levels to clear the path for growing, processing and making products from hemp.
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
by WES ABNEY / OREGON LEAF
How did you start this project and get involved in the Hemp movement? Conceptually, it started by looking for non-toxic insulation materials. I had an older home that needed to be better insulated and had other upgrading and maintenance work, so I started researching and that’s where hempcrete came up. I began studying it and one thing led to another and ultimately it was too compelling to not use. What is your timeline for the rest of the project, and how did it begin?
I started with a house that was majorly remodeled in the late 60s, a mid-century modern design, and I began by tearing out the west side of the house and making it a full two stories. We took it down to the studs (the frame) and retrofitted it with hempcrete. The house is all framed in now and the roof and windows are in, but I still need to insulate the ceiling and am doing research on how to use hemp there. We will be making more hempcrete next summer, putting stucco on in the fall, and I’m hoping that in a little over a year I’ll have the house complete. What makes hempcrete so special as a building material?
There are so many advantages, as a natural and renewable building material. It’s fireproof, moderates mold, is carbon negative, energy efficient, non-toxic, insulates naturally and will last for centuries. Our environment is in crisis and we’ve cut down too many trees. We need something that grows fast and dumps oxygen into the air and provides materials we can renew yearly. How is hempcrete made?
Basically, it’s hydrated lime, which is 90+ percent calcium, and hemp hurds (which is the inner core of the stalk) and a clay additive that is specially formulated from old European plaster masters. You don’t have any of the petrochemicals and the lime you use is the main ingredient in your bones and your teeth and in fact is made from ancient bones and seashells deposited in ancient oceans. Its using nature’s regenerative abilities, harnessing and using them the way that she built. What type of hemp do you use?
There are cultivars that are better for making hempcrete, but the part of the plant being used is hurd. So you can still process and gather the plant material and fiber, so if you are growing for the other beneficial uses of hemp like CBD or fiber this is actually the agricultural waste.
How do buildings impact climate change? Buildings are responsible for half the carbon represented in climate change. The operational cost to heat and light a building as well as the embodied energy, the shipping, and manufacturing growing of all materials you use — when you put those two together, they are responsible for almost half the energy we consume. We’re going to rebuild our built environment in 30 years and it’s an opportunity to slow down the amount of carbon in the atmosphere with carbon smart buildings. What has kept hempcrete from being used more broadly?
Because the building materials have ironically been illegal to grow and our codes aren’t very adaptable to innovation, and our institutions are slow to change. Another big barrier in Washington is that the rules for growing hemp benefit big business as usual and border on immoral. There are farmers that want to grow it but can’t pay the fees or a background check. You don’t need a background check to grow corn, why should a DUI or drug bust keep you from growing a certain crop? Another is the federal .3 percent THC limit on hemp, which makes it so that you can’t save your seed and sets the stage for monocropping and keeps research and development limited. What is your call to action for society?
Our institutions aren’t responding fast enough to critical issues. When something presents that is obviously a better way to do things but has so much cultural resistance, we have to confront that and be courageous and be free in who we are and find security today for our children and grandchildren tomorrow. I was glad to see Bellingham had rules and codes that allowed a little experimentation, as long as the homeowner is willing to take on the liability and risk.
Because you have documented and held workshops to teach people about hempcrete, will you be doing more of these events?
I had a couple workshops this year and people really appreciated the opportunity to do that. We want to offer that again next year so people can learn how to use it while we are building it. The young men who built and did the work are looking to build careers out of this, as their livelihood, and they are looking for projects and other custom homes to build. How does it feel for you to get to build your dream house?
I feel really privileged to do this. It’s been a big commitment, my life savings and a few years of my life, but it’s also the kind of project that can be very satisfying beyond building my FOLLOW ALONG personal residence. HighlandHempHouse.com It’s a mission to try and influence the way we build and I’ve started to think of this as a legacy project and a gift to the world. I hope to use the house to have events and educational opportunities in the future.
“There are so many advantages, as a natural and renewable building material. It’s fireproof, moderates mold, is carbon negative, energy efficient, non-toxic, insulates naturally and will last for centuries. “
THE HEMP ISSUE OREGONLEAF.COM
Barbara Filippone, wearing Dash Hemp Santa Cruz 100% Hemp & Summer Star Haeske, wearing Sweetskins made in Eugene, Oregon, 55% Hemp and 45% Certified Organic Cotton
by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 / OREGON LEAF
EnviroTextiles was founded in Glenwood Springs, Colorado in 2002 by Summer Haeske and Barbara Filippone. Filippone, the company’s president, has been at the forefront of sustainable textiles, hemp legalization, product development and international trade for nearly four decades.
Having worked in over eight countries and developed more than 100 hemp and natural fiber fabrics, she is widely recognized as one of the world’s leading experts on natural fiber development. Summer Haeske, the company’s co-founder and VP of sales and marketing, has been working with her mother, Filippone, for over 20 years assisting in all aspects of the company from its original foundations, to new product development, current inventory management, marketing, logistics, and more. Oregon Leaf was fortunate enough to catch up with them to learn more about EnviroTextiles and the company’s future.
“Hemp in the US is about fixing what was wrong and establishing a clean and sustainable future for many industries, our people and happens to be kind to our earth all at the same time.” OCT. 2018
How and why was EnviroTextiles formed? EnviroTextiles was born after many previous hemp companies and brands, where I had to first start by creating fabrics for us to use for our finished products. I was a fashion apparel designer and came from many generations of natural fiber textile development. Once we had the fabrics, I knew we needed to create a supply chain so other designers could incorporate these truly special fabrics. So Enviro was actually my second hemp fabric focused company to then build more supply and demand. At this time my daughter who had grown up around each level from production to retail was of age and we started EnviroTextiles together. What products and services does Envirotextiles offer?
Today we offer Hemp fabrics for any designer needs. We now have multiple types of fabrics for them to choose from, offering 100 percent hemp, hemp/silk and hemp/organic cotton blends being some of our top sellers. We offer over 100 different hemp and hemp blend fabrics at little or no minimum order to encourage designers to try them out, or custom manufacturers to be able to offer them to their clients. We also offer custom development and full package private label for just about any soft good product you can imagine. Does Envirotextiles produce or process its own hemp? With textiles, it all begins with the fiber. In order to maintain quality standards and know we are offering the most natural and healthy products to the market, it requires us to work closely with the farmers with all aspects of processing - all the way down to the finishing or final product. If it wasn’t for us producing our products, they would not exist. What’s the most exciting aspect of federally legalized hemp?
The opportunity to finally again be growing hemp in the US is giving us and many companies the ability to start producing at home. Farmers need drought resistant and sustainable crops, and the people and the planet need more natural fibers. It’s illogical to think we have had to fight for the right to a solution when it’s as simple as planting a seed. With industrial hemp, we will continue to build value and more FOLLOW ALONG and more incredible products for many EnviroTextile.com decades to come!
What’s the biggest hurdle the company is working on clearing right now? We have to start from the ground up and be certain of the direction hemp will go for our nation. Right now, there is no way in the US to make a truly natural hemp fabric. There are only synthetic factories that can take the hemp and turn it into chemically processed toxic viscose. There is also no labeling law that requires them to identify it as viscose hemp. We are taking the steps to create a viable and healthy future for hemp in the US. The re-pioneering of the process is happening now and we are achieving exactly what we hoped for. We have now proven the concept for hemp composite materials and fiber coming right out of Colorado. Hemp in the US is about fixing what was wrong and establishing a clean and sustainable future for many industries, our people and happens to be kind to our earth all at the same time. Hemp for our farmers, Hemp for our workers, and Hemp for health products and a future for us!
photos courtesy EnviroTextiles
THE HEMP ISSUE
COOKING WITH HEMP By JANELLE LASSALLE @JENKHARI
emp is one of the most versatile crops on earth. It can be used in an infinite variety of applications: as a powerful fiber for cords and ropes, in clothing and even construction. The most lucrative use for hemp – as a food source. Hemp oil and seeds are an incredible superfood. They’re high in Vitamin E, fiber, protein and are chock full of Omega fatty acids—specifically, in a 3:1 ratio of Omega 3 to Omega 6. This is the ratio that’s wwidely considered to be optimum for the human body. If that didn’t convince you, cooking with hemp oil can also help lower your cholesterol, improve pesky skin problems and help with digestion. Here are a few ways you can incorporate cooking with hemp into your diet.
ADD IT TO A SMOOTHIE Turn that pre-workout smoothie into a superfood concoction with the addition of hemp oil. Since hemp contains all 20 amino acids, including nine our bodies can’t produce, this combination is a no-brainer. Tart berries like blackberry or cranberry are great at masking the strong herbal notes.
USE HEMP SEED OIL IN SALAD DRESSINGS Hemp seed oil doesn’t really want to be heated up. It’s best consumed cold pressed or at room temperature, making it a great herbal addition to any salad dressing. Mix it in with lots of bright citruses and something sweet for a well-balanced dressing that’ll brighten up any salad. Honey mustard, miso and tart kinds of vinegars are all great additions here.
SPRINKLE THE SEEDS EVERYWHERE. Hemp seeds are a great way to add a bit of texture to your meal. Throw them onto salads, work them into a pesto or even transform them into hummus. Your body will thank you later.
breeder of the month OREGONLEAF.COM
eric & seth Crawford
OREGONCBD OCT. 2018
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
Seth and Eric Crawford are brothers and co-owners of Oregon CBD, an innovative Cannabis genetic company based out of Corvallis. Oregon CBD is known for such hemp strains as Special Sauce, Lifter, Suver Haze, Hawaiian Haze, Sour Space Candy, Elektra, Pineberry and the pure CBG hemp varietal of Stem Cell CBG. The affable siblings urge us to “throw out what we thought we knew” about genetics when discussing their work. by SIMONE FISCHER / OREGON LEAF
When did you start growing Cannabis and when did you transition to hemp?
We started growing Cannabis in 2003. We started growing hemp in 2015, the first year it was federally and state legal. Why did you decide to breed hemp genetics over THC-dominant genetics? We stayed out of the adult-use THC market because it was very apparent that it was destined to crash due to overproduction. The reality is that Oregon is a prolific Cannabis exporter, but home to a very small number of people (Seth’s Ph.D. dissertation was on the political economy of Cannabis and provided the first in-depth analysis of Oregon Cannabis consumption and production.) Seth was teaching the first Cannabis policy course at Oregon State University right after Measure 91 passed (legalizing the adult use and hemp production) and the 2014 Farm Bill (legalizing hemp) went through. Upon close inspection of both, we realized that there was more promise in the emerging CBD market and that some of the plants we had developed for the medical market might qualify as hemp. We received Oregon’s 3rd issued hemp license in March 2015 and started the grand experiment. What hemp genetics did you start breeding with and why? For hemp production, we started farming with a clone developed for the Oregon medical market. This plant was originally derived from a type II variety (equal parts CBD and THC) and we bred out the THC through inbreeding, testing, and selection. When we moved to a 63-acre field the next year, we knew that feminized seed was the best path forward.
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Seth & Eric Crawford
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Continued from previous pg.
Can you tell us about the hemp strains and cultivars that you’ve created?
Throw out everything you thought you knew about Cannabis varieties when considering our creations. Varieties are less important than the different overarching types of plants we have invented (well-known variety names of these classes in parentheses). We bred the first high cannabinoid content auto-flowering CBD plant in 2016 (DNA, RNA) and the first early CBD varieties that start flowering shortly after solstice and finish in September (Special Sauce, Lifter, Suver Haze, Hawaiian Haze, Sour Space Candy, Elektra, Pineberry, etc.) In addition to those well-known lines, we also created the first publicly available pure CBG variety in 2017 (Stem Cell CBG). We are finishing field trials on our newly developed pure CBG auto-flowering varieties and “early” pure CBG lines. Our most recent invention is 100:1 CBD to THC ratio high CBD varieties. Each variety that we create requires two unrelated parent plants, each of which must be inbred for as many generations as is possible before FOLLOW ALONG going sterile; these two lines are OregonCBDseeds.com then combined to create our F1 seed that is sold to farmers after thorough field trials. It takes us about three years to go from concept to seed in a farmer’s hand for planting.
What is your least favorite aspect of hemp breeding? The rip-off artists (breeders, brokers, etc.) who lie to farmers. What do you look for in ideal hemp genetics? Structure? Flowering time? “Ideal” depends on your breeding goals and each project is different. Our goal from the start was to develop a library of unique varieties that will allow farmers to succeed in any environment and produce any cannabinoid. Every year we get closer to that goal.
PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
by laurie wolf
WHY DON’T YOU HAVE a Halloween party this year? Just because you’re over 21 does not mean that you should deny yourself the pleasure of dressing up like your favorite superhero, or politician. There has got to be a sale on orange jumpsuits. Nothing here is crazy potent, just enough to raise your spirits...
Photos By Bruce wolf
HALLOWEED APPLE MOUTHS
• • • • •
oregon leaf’s favorite SPOOKY STONER TREATS
2 apples, cut in quarters, core removed Lemon juice 4-6 tablespoons peanut butter 1-2 tablespoons canna-butter, softened Mini marshmallows
Place the quartered apples on your work surface. Drizzle with lemon juice to prevent browning. It tastes good too. In a small bowl combine the peanut butter and canna-butter. Carefully cut a section out of each apple quarter. You’ll be making a V, and removing the inside pieces. Divide the peanut butter into the open sections of each apple. Press the marshmallows into the peanut butter, making the teeth look as good, or as bad, as you desire. It gets a little messy, but probably everyone will be too stoned to notice!
WHITE CHOCOLATE GHOSTS Makes about 16, 2-3 inch ghosts
CANNABIS FINGERS Makes about 18 fingers • 1 pkg. refrigerated sugar cookie dough, room temp. • 1-1½ cups flour • 2 tablespoons canna-butter, room temp. • 18 blanched whole almonds* • cup strawberry seedless jam
• 1-12 oz. bag white chocolate chips • 1 ½ tablespoons canna-butter • Chocolate Chips, Red Hots or Skittles if your ghosts are large
In a large mixing bowl combine the dough, flour and canna-butter until you can no longer see the flour. Chill for 30 minutes.
In the top of a double boiler, over gently simmering water, melt the chips, 7-10 minutes. Add the butter and stir until combined. Remove from heat.
On a floured work surface divide the chilled dough into 18 pieces. (you can keep some dough in the fridge while working). Roll the dough into finger shapes. Make indentations in the fingers with the back of a butter knife. Don’t go all the way through.
Place a piece of parchment on your work surface. Using a spoon pour the chocolate into ghost shapes. Keep it around ¼ inch thick, but don’t make it even, it ruins its charm. I feel like I’m making very loose triangles. You may think you failed but forge ahead, as soon as you place the eyes you should feel good. You’ve got ghosts.
Place an almond into the top of each finger. Press down. Bake the cookie fingers until golden brown, about 10-12 minutes. With a tiny spoon, pastry bag or toothpick drizzle a bit of the jam around each almond fingernail. Boo.
“THE EFFECTS BEGIN ALMOST AS QUICKLY AS THE GEM MELTS DOWN, WITH A BALANCED HEAD AND BODY HIGH THAT’S EASILY DOSABLE.”
SUN GOD MEDICINALS $80, 50-pack | 15mg CBD per capsule (700mg CBD per container)
EMP IS FULL OF CBD and
Ra Hemp Capsules
REVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER / OREGON LEAF
seriously helped lower the cost of CBD products for the general public. Before hemp came online, the cost of producing CBD Cannabis flower (usually indoors requiring steep overhead) fell on the consumer which resulting in expensive products and less accessibility. Ra Hemp Caps are made with sungrown Oregon hemp, then ground and placed into vegetable capsules. I love smoking CBD flower, but I believe I feel more benefits when I ingest CBD with capsules and tinctures. I’ve been taking two Ra Hemps caps a day, and the biggest improvement I have seen is with my digestion and IBS. CBD contains anti-inflammatory properties that seem to soothe the ever-present irritability. Ra Hemp Caps are also ideal for diabetic people, or anyone looking to remove sugar from their CBD products.
PHOTOS by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
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review by WES ABNEY / OREGON LEAF
Cherry Wine CBD Hemp Live Resin @DOCMOLECULE 90.75% CBD
RELIEF BEGINS ON EXHALE,
WITH A TINGLY BODY HIGH THAT LOOSENS JOINTS AND FILLS THE BODY WITH A GLOWING EUPHORIA.
CBD Wellness Shoppe | 710 SE Grand Ave, Portland, OR CBD-WELLNESS-SHOPPE.MYSHOPIFY.COM
HE COMBINATION of the best Cannabis extraction technology and the craft of growing hemp creates a concentrate that is unique and stands out as the future of CBD dabbing. This Cherry Wine CBD Live Resin is made from hemp and is a first for the Leaf! A beautiful golden amber with a thick consistency of crystally oil, we were blown away by this concentrate experience. Processed from locally grown strain specific hemp as a live resin, this golden extract has no added terpenes or flavors, and is the essence of the plant and bursting with CBD. Dabbing or smoking true hemp is an enlightening and uplifting experience that canâ€™t be compared to typical isolates. Using isolates for topicals or edibles brings relief, but dabbing them is a no-go for seasoned consumers. What makes the Cherry Wine so special is the full spectrum hash high, bringing the hemp plant into a new category of delicious dabbing. Dropping a healthily sized dab onto a diamond knot delivers an easy melt and a smooth, lightly sweet smoke that is extremely satisfying to dab. The best part of consuming full spectrum hemp hash is the effects. Relief begins on exhale, with a tingly body high that loosens joints and fills the body with a glowing euphoria. Stress and the static of life seem to melt away as the mind eases into the CBD, which has noticeable effects for several hours. While there is no psychoactive high, there is a definite sense of well-being and a happy, pain-free bliss that takes over the body and mind. Perfect for starting, ending, or really any part of the day, this concentrate is a perfect way to enjoy dabbing without getting overly high. We hope to see more hemp processing in the future and applaud Doc Molecule for bringing this special product to market. With tons of medicinal value and a satisfying, tasty dab experience, this concentrate represents a new world of craft hemp extracts. Look for the Cherry Wine and other full spectrum hemp extracts at your local Cannabis retailer or hemp store!
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
review by JANELLE LASSALLE @JENKHARI / OREGON LEAF
Hamilton Cannagars 22.94% THC FEATURING BULL RUN CRAFT CANNABIS
FTER ENDURING a lifetime of mottled, wet crutches, it’s a pleasure to find out that one brave soul out there has finally tackled the problem head-on. Hamilton Cannagar has partnered with Bull Run Craft Cannabis to create a riff on a traditional blunt made using a hemp wrapper and corn husk filter. The corn husk filter is, amazingly, locally sourced and revolutionary in the way it affects the experience. It’s very sturdy, meaning it won’t wear away after a few tokes. It adds a subtle tastiness to the Cannagar itself, a slight sweetness that compliments whatever Bull Run flower (Certified Kind, of course) lies inside. The spiral design ensures that no product slips through the crutch, resulting in a cigar-like experience that yields a prolonged yet infinitely cleaner hit. It’s a sign of a quality product made well, one that is finally worthy of the term “craft Cannabis” thrown around by brands so often. The process behind the Cannagars is a labor of love. Each one of these miniature cigars is formed and pressed several times in order to fully draw out the moisture of the plant. Flower is continually added as the Cannagar endures repeat pressing, culminating in an end product with a deep green hue that’s full of flavor. The hemp wrapper allows the flower to burn more slowly and evenly while the crutch keeps everything nice and steady. It’s the kind of intensive process that makes smoking these such a luxurious experience. You can even find fancier versions of the Cannagar wrapped in rose petals with gold leaf mouthpieces; there are even several sizes available including the 2.5g “The Pepito”, a 5g Cannarillo and 10g Cannagar.
IT’S THE KIND OF INTENSIVE PROCESS
THAT MAKES SMOKING THESE SUCH A LUXURIOUS EXPERIENCE.
PHOTO by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
THE FINEST CANNABIS PRODUCTS AROUND SERVING UMATILLA COUNTY, OREGON
MON - SUN 8AM - 10PM
1733 SW Court Ave, Pendleton, OR 97801 KINDLEAFPENDLETON.COM
VICTORY HAND PENDANT
ARTIST: FORTUNATE GLASS MEDIUM: PINK & WHITE GUNMOUNTS / FEATURING CUSTOM GLASS ALCHEMY AMAZON BRONZE FRIT this realistic “Victory Hand” pendant using pink and white gunmounts and a custom Glass Alchemy Amazon Bronze frit. Fortunate Glass crafted
was inspired after recently completing a glass sculpting class hosted by Muller Glass x Iroczii. Fortunate worked over a three-hour process at their Timber, Oregon residence, without the assistance of a lathe.
The lifelike piece
Follow @mullerglass and @iroczii for the ultimate visual experience if you’re interested in glass sculpting!
[ PRESENTING PARTNER ]
STORY & PHOTO by NATE WILLIAMS
The Hemp Issue! Exploring this versatile plant's many uses!