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OREGON LEAF THE PATIENT’S VOICE SINCE 2010

nwleaf.com

March 2015

THE

FREE

ISSUE # 9

AIN STR DE GUI

Iconic flowers to grow & know by DR. SCANDERSON

12-page special feature p.32


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MARCH 2015

18

8 Questions for

24

Five Zero Trees

28

The Greener Side

Jerry Norton, Hemp Guy

East PDX access review

32

The Strain Guide This year’s essential primer from Special Contributor Dr. Scanderson offers up plenty of useful insight about 17 highly revered breeds and crosses perfect for growers at all experience levels. Plus, you’ll learn the medicinal effects for achieving maximum benefit.

Northern Lights # 5

10

National News

48

Tasty Recipes

14

Legal Q & A

52

Medible Reviews

16

Prison Dispatch

58

Health & Science

20

Photo Gallery

62

Behind the Strain

Steve Elliott with the roundup Your house, your job, your arrest? The Human Solution’s latest news

Southern Oregon Cultivators Cup

52

Fresh Cannabis dishes in season

Chocolates & green apple gummies

Dr. Rose on finding natural herbs Examining the Lemon Fizz F2

Eugene access review

EDITOR’S NOTE.......................9 DRIVING.............................11 LEGAL Q&A............................14 8 QUESTIONS.........................18 PDX ACCESS...........................24 EUGENE ACCESS........................28 SPRING RECIPES............................48 TASTY REVIEWS.........................52 CONCENTRATES........................54 WILDCRAFTING.......................58 LEMON FIZZ F2..........................62 COVER PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN CONTENT PHOTOS BY CONTRIBUTORS

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rehashed

CannaCon part two By wES ABNEY | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN Feb. 19-21, 2015 // Seattle

In its second year, having moved from from Tacoma to Seattle, CannaCon

brought together vendors and attendees from all across the world. The masses converged on the Smith Cove cruise ship terminal for educational seminars, food trucks and more than 100 booths selling every product imaginable to serve the growing Cannabis industry. Founder Bob Smart thought the new location and the business-to-business expo was a rousing success. “We’ve made a big difference by moving this to Seattle, and we are lucky to have such a beautiful location that is already booked for the next time the expo is in the city,” he said. “The city and the port have been great partners and we couldn’t be happier with the location and outcome of the event.” Companies ranged from nutrient providers and grow equipment to legal and accounting services to ATM and merchant service providers and producers of Cannabis for both the medical and recreational environment. There was no smoking on the property, which made for a sincere and focused business environment. “This is a model that really works and we are getting ready to take it on the road,” Smart said. “As soon as this is done we are off to work on the next expo in Colorado, June 11-13. Next will be Las Vegas in October and a year from now we will be having CannaCon Seattle again.” The classes will be going to Portland and Anchorage soon, with more states on the way. Those will be paid. The plan is for CannaCon to circle between the three states for now, while expanding the classes and seminars into other states for special events. One of the most valuable classes at CannaCon was the bud-tender certification class, which spanned five hours and covered medicinal uses and customer service.

The event moved from the Tacoma Dome to this year’s venue on the Seattle waterfront. CannaCon remains the largest free (and smoke-free) Cannabis business-to-business show anywhere in the country. More than 12,000 people attended and networked over three bustling days.

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For information on upcoming classes or expos visit CannaCon.org.


OREGON LEAF

the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.

editor’s note

MARCH 2015 ISSUE #9

During holidays glorifying alcohol, let’s make good use of viable alternatives

M

arch is finally here and it is starting to feel like Spring. This is a big month for the color green, and we want to make sure that you are properly prepared with our strain guide! Whether you are looking to start your genetics hunt for the outdoor season or simply want to medicate with the best, our guide has you covered. One of the biggest parts of celebrating St. Patrick’s Day in modern society is unfortunately the glorification of alcohol, and we want you to make the safer choice this year and choose Cannabis instead! Share the flower this year and spread good luck and cheer, and avoid the hangover. Our issue this month features two great dispensary reviews for you to check out, an interesting 8 questions with a hemp pioneer in Oregon, and a new legal Q & A column from Attorney Paul Loney that explores how, despite legalization under M91, all Oregonians need to be mindful of their bosses, their

landlords and driving safely on the road when officers can still stop you whenever. Taking some precautions and making plans and backup plans is crucial to not getting caught in the lurch of “I thought it was legal.” Don’t say he didn’t tell ya so! You’ll also want to try the three healthy spring time recipes included this month from chef contributors Laurie Wolf and her husband, the photographer, Bruce Wolf, who captured the awesome deliciousness. We also have a new prison update from The Human Solution team and a Behind The Strain from the irreplaceable longtime contributor Dr. Scanderson. Finally, make sure to check out the concentrate of the month on page 54— the wonderous Goji OG shatter in all its up-close glowing splendor. Rarely have I seen shatter as beautiful or tasty as the Goji, so go get some before it is gone! As always thanks for reading and fighting for the plant that brings us joy and medicine. We all know the benefits of Cannabis in our lives but help spread the word and share a copy of this magazine with the people who are still looking for a little bit of green luck in their lives.

Contact editor Wes Abney to place a new

ad or become a monthly drop-off location. You can also feel free to share feedback, send pitches, articles, story ideas and hot news tips. This is all our plant!

FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

wes abney Stories@ORLeaf.com Cellphone: (206) 235-6721

PHOTOGRAPHER & DESIGNER

Daniel Berman Daniel@ORLeaf.com

REGIONAL DIRECTOR

Jacob thom Jacob@ORLeaf.com ISSUE CONTRIBUTORS Wes and Kori Marie

SARAH AITCHISON STEVE ELLIOTT WILL FERGUSON TYLER J. MARKWART SEAN O’NEILL ANTHONY PIDGEON DR. SCANDERSON DR. SCOTT D. ROSE JACOB THOM LAURIE & BRUCE WOLF

ADVERTISING/RATES Ads@ORLeaf.com | 503-516-5934 Please email or call us to discuss print and online advertising opportunities in an upcoming issue. We do not sell stories or coverage. We offer design services with Kush Creative Group and can provide guidance on the best approaches for creating a successful approach for your medical or recreational or related industry business to advertise and excel.

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/9


national

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion

Northwest

Disappearing Dispensaries

How the Rivers bill affects Washington patients

F

ew who’ve paid attention have missed the odorous waft of greed emanating from Washington’s I-502 recreational marijuana merchants as they seek to shut down their only competition — medical marijuana patient collectives, which often have more effective and less expensive alternatives. When the GOP-controlled Senate on Feb. 13 passed the Cannabis Patient Protection Act, it ensured that if the measure passes the House and is signed by the governor, it will have the exact opposite effect of protecting patients. It will hurt them. The bill sponsored by Sen. Ann Rivers, R-La Center, shuts down current medical marijuana access points, hundreds of which are operating across the state, and expects patients to find a few scattered, expensive I-502 stores instead. If not licensed by next July – and, of course, no avenue exists to do that – dispensaries would be shut down. MMJ patients will be required to join a registry and pay steep taxes for rec weed. This is what Cannabis activists have been predicting for years. Activists are worried that the few recreational stores won’t be able to take up the slack of hundreds of patient-friendly dispensaries where patients have developed personal relationships with employees. As The Stranger’s Heidi Groover reported, patients have a few key demands to a revised bill: Making the patient registry optional, not mandatory, allowing home grows to keep medicine affordable, getting rid of or reduce the 1,000-foot rule, and allowing delivery.

Sen. Ann Rivers, R-La Center, has proposed shutting down current MMJ access points and expects patients to go to one of the scattered, expensive I-502 stores instead.

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plant candidates with mental or physical disabilities. “Arcane public health policies view medical Cannabis patients as drug abusers,” Levine, a Democrat, said in a prepared statement. “Too often, patients are denied a life-saving organ transplant solely because they are prescribed medical Cannabis. “These patients have died after being dropped from the list, and many more are in jeopardy right now,” Levine said. “This legislation will save lives by ensuring medical Cannabis patients are not discriminated against in the organ transplant process.” Two months ago, the California Medical Association adopted a resolution stating that medical marijuana should not be used as criteria for denying organ transplants. Laws in Arizona, Delaware, Illinois, Minnesota, New Hampshire and Washington explicitly protect qualified patients from discrimination when seeking organ transplants. According to ASA, several patients have reported being denied organ transplants in California over the past few years, including patients at UCLA Medical Center, Stanford Medical School, UCSF Medical Center and Cedars-Sinai. Most transplant centers will disqualify patients from receiving organ transplants or refuse to place them on a waiting list unalifornia State Assembly member Marc less they test negative for marijuana for six Levine (D-San Rafael) has introduced months and take drug abuse counseling for AB 258, the Medical Cannabis Organ the same period of time. Smith was complyTransplant Act, a bill aimed at preventing mediing with Cedars’ policy when he died. cal marijuana patients from being unduly denied Without national guidelines, transplant organ transplants. centers like those in California are left to deThe Medical Cannabis Organ Transplant sign their own policies, most of which disAct is sponsored by Americans for Safe Access, criminate against medical marijuana patients, which has long advocated for patients seeking advocates say. organ transplants, including Norman B. Smith, a After being on a waiting list for six years medical marijuana patient who died in 2012 after to receive a new kidney, Cedars-Sinai de-listbeing denied a liver transplant at Cedars-Sinai ed Toni Trujillo because her use of medical Medical Center in Los Angeles. marijuana was considered “substance abuse.” AB 258 states that, “A hospital, physician and “Denying organ transplants to otherwise surgeon, procurement organization, or other pereligible medical marijuana patients is the son shall not determine the ultimate recipient worst kind of discrimination,” said ASA Calof an anatomical gift based solely ifornia Director Don Duncan. upon a potential recipient’s status as “The Medical Cannabis Organ Norman Smith a qualified patient ... or based solely Transplant Act will stop legal died in 2012 on a positive test for the use of medpatients in California from beafter he was ical marijuana by a potential recipiing denied organ transplants denied a liver ent who is a qualified patient.” and will bring the state’s poltransplant at The bill establishes the same proicies up to date with a growing a LA hospital. tections that exist for other transbody of scientific evidence.

California

no more denying organ transplants to sick patients Bill introduced to stop the discrimination

C


Wheel Problem Smoking and driving yields fewer crashes than alcohol, but it’s still dangerous

A

with THC in their system is 5% more likely to new study from the National Highcrash than a sober driver. That’s a far cry from way Traffic Safety Administration 12 times with alcohol. But marijuana does afhas concluded that smoking marifect drivers’ senses, according to the study, and juana before driving doesn’t make you more the number of drivers with THC in their syslikely to get into a car crash, especially when tems in on the rise. If a police officer decides compared to drinking before driving. that a driver is impaired under Younger drivers crashed the influence of marijuana, they A driver with more than older ones, and men THC in their will require them to perform had more crashes than women. system is 5% and pass a variety of sobriety The study looked at 9,000 more likely to tests, as they would with a driver drivers over the past year to crash than a suspected of drinking. examine the effect of Cansober driver. “Drivers should never get nabis on driving. Although behind the wheel impaired, and one-quarter of marijuana uswe know that marijuana impairs judgment, reers were more likely to be involved in a car action times and awareness,” said Jeff Michael, crash than people who did not toke, once director of the Office of Impaired Driving and the gender, age and race/ethnicity of CanOccupant Protection. nabis users were considered, it turned out Sensationalistic media reports — and those that these differences actually contributed who support the “per se” 5 nanogram per-milmore to crash risk. liliter blood THC cutoff point for impaired Drivers who consumed alcohol were driving — have hyped the idea that “drugged clearly more likely to crash. Those with a driving” would wreak havoc on roads now that 0.08 percent breath alcohol level crashed Cannabis is more accepted. But highway fatalfour times more than sober drivers, and ities have reached near-record lows since Coldrivers with a level of 0.15 percent were 12 orado legalized marijuana, and have also gone times more likely to crash. Adjusted for age down in medical marijuana states. and gender, USA Today reports, a driver

Quick Hits! 2 2.1 71 102 125 200 250 4,000

Number of lawsuits filed in Colorado seeking to end adult use of recreational Cannabis in the state, alleging that officials broke federal law by implementing the sale of legal pot. Millions of dollars in unpaid taxes, penalties & interest owed to the state by five marijuana dispensaries in San Jose, CA. The city also levies a 10% tax on MMJ sales.

Age of Larry Harvey, a member of the Kettle Falls 5 who is battling stage four cancer. Federal charges with a minimum 10 year sentence were dropped last month, though four codefendants still face charges for cultivating 74 plants in 2012. Thousands of dollars in claimed value of a stash of 10 pounds seized last month by police in Wisconsin, where marijuana is illegal in all forms.

Millions of dollars per year in tax revenue forecast by Kathie Kane-Willis of the Illinois Consortium on Drug Policy even though no MMJ stores have opened yet. Number of pounds of pot snatched by Minneapolis law enforcement after a pair of brothers were caught in a sting. The estimated value? $750,000. Number of attendees to a patient’s rights rally at the state Capitol in Texas last month as part of a renewed effort to get medical Cannabis into law. Number of students at Oregon Tech college, which sent out warnings last month that the plant is still illegal under school policy.

Quoted I ALMOST FELT LIKE WE WERE DOING A DISSERVICE TO OUR STUDENTS BY NOT HAVING A CLASS LIKE THIS. IT JUST SEEMED TO BE A TOPIC THAT WAS RIPE. - Anne Arundel Community College business professor Shad Ewart, who will teach “Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Emerging Markets: Marijuana Legalization.”

‘‘

The school in Maryland will offer instruction on topics ranging from demographics of potential customers to challenges bringing these products and services to market.

mar. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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OPINION

LEGAL Q&A CAN I LOSE MY HOUSE FOR GROWING? Landlords can require that renters not possess or

Legalized, but... Measure 91 legalized possession of up to 8 ounces of marijuana and growing four plants at home for anyone over 21, but you can still be evicted from your house and your boss can still fire you for using pot at all. It’s time for things to change.

Legislators look to the public for insight to help them better understand issues they might not have experience with. Because of that, they might not understand the effect outdated or misguided laws can have on the lives of marijuana consumers. It is our responsibility, as citizens, to educate our legislators on the effects current and future laws have on our lives. With the Legislature in session right now, all patients should let their elected representatives know how M91 should be amended for common sense.

consume marijuana in their homes. Nothing in Oregon law or the new recreational law requires landlords to accommodate a medical marijuana patient’s medical needs. This applies to recreational consumers even after July 1, when, under Oregon law, adults over 21 years of age can possess up to 8 ounces of marijuana in their residence. Tenants who are otherwise complying with Oregon law may still be evicted by their landlord for possessing marijuana, even after July 1, when adults over 21 years of age can legally grow up to four plants. Our elected representatives need to know the effect of those conflicting laws. Anti-discrimination laws for housing need to include provisions banning rental agreements that prohibit possession and all use by adults while still allowing landlords to adopt reasonable provisions against certain types of use, such as smoking. Measure 91 should be amended to declare that if a household is not allowed to grow four plants because of a landlord prohibition, then they should be allowed to grow their four plants on property where it is allowed. The concept of home growing should be no different than the concept of home brewing. The intent of the Measure 91 was to allow every adult over the age of 21 to use and possess small amounts of marijuana and grow at home — and our legislature needs to do the right thing.

COULD I BE LET GO FOR USING POT? Employers are free to fire employees for using mar-

ijuana. It does not matter that the use is legal and occurs in non-work hours. Under current employment law, employers are allowed to discriminate against MMJ patients. After July 1, under Oregon law, employers are allowed to discriminate against recreational consumers. It is understandable that state law cannot repeal federal bans on the use of marijuana for certain legislatively designated, sensitive job positions and the federal government can condition the awarding of federal contracts to employers who prohibit marijuana use. Of course, the vast majority of jobs in Oregon do not fall into either of those categories. Our elected representatives need to be

By ATTORNEY PAUL LONEY for OREGON LEAF

educated on the disparity in treatment between alcohol use and marijuana use. An employee can get intoxicated on alcohol on a Friday night and not be fired Monday morning. However, if an employee uses a small amount of medical marijuana on a Friday night, they can be fired Monday morning as a result of being under the influence of marijuana. Simple past use, as indicated by a urine sample, should not be enough to fire an employee. Employers in Oregon are free to discriminate against consumers of one legal substance over another. Measure 91 should be amended to prohibit termination of employment solely for personal use. Responsible use of marijuana in an individual’s private life should be treated no differently than alcohol.

WHAT IF I’M PULLED OVER? A driver can be charged with driving under the

influence of intoxicants if a driver’s ability to safely operate a motor vehicle is impaired as a result of “being under the influence” of marijuana. However, the science of when a driver who has consumed marijuana cannot safely operate a motor vehicle has not been established. Due to this gray area, a driver’s chance of being arrested and charged with driving under the influence of marijuana is often based on an officer’s opinion. Police officers like bright-line rules. It makes their job easier. Some officers want Oregon to adopt Washington’s “per se” DUI laws. Washington’s marijuana driving laws are based on such low numbers, 5 nanograms per milliliter of blood, that the average medical marijuana patient would never be able to legally drive, even several hours after consuming. If the per se DUI law is implemented, a police officer could pull over anyone who looks like they might use marijuana. It would encourage the profiling of drivers. Our elected representatives should not be hasty in amending Measure 91 to include a per se DUI law. Instead, they should follow Measure 91 and its requirement for the Oregon Liquor Control Commission to make recommendations, if any, after commissioning and examining further scientific research. The OLCC has until Jan. 1, 2017, to make recommendations. Our legislators should allow time to examine further scientific research.

The author is a Portland attorney specializing in medical & recreational marijuana law. www.oregonmarijuanalaw.com

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dispatch

By MIGGY420, MINDI GRIFFITHS, DANIELLE VITALE O’BRIEN, AND KRISTIN FLOR

>> News from the front lines of tHE HUMAN SOLUTION

MARCH PRISONER UPDATE PRISON OUTREACH this month we set our clocks forward, extending

our evening sunlight. But for someone locked up for a plant, the days are dark. You can help lighten the days for people behind bars. Adopting a prisoner and making someone feel human again is one of the biggest thorns thrust in the side of prohibition. Fear is the main emotion after being arrested — it’s the fear that you are wrong or made a bad decision. The truth is, if you’re in jail for something only related to marijuana — if you paid your bills, fed your children and went on vacations on proper marijuana revenue — then you don’t belong in prison. You’re a business person, a gardener, a distributor. If you don’t think a few dollars on the books for a candy bar, phone time or even email time doesn’t do a lot of good, speak to someone who has been wronged by our government and incarcerated over a plant. The Human Solution International raised awareness of Irma Alred in a recent article of The Northwest Leaf, which led to a citizen to adopt her. There is much to consider when adopting a plant prisoner, including the ability to spread the word and commit to supporting the individual. Let’s face it, talking to someone locked up for weed is sometimes not easy because they’re in a spot most of us can’t fathom. Adopting a prisoner means committing to sending notes of encouragement and periodic financial assistance to help these drug war victims obtain basic living items and creature comforts from the commissary — it’s a huge burden off of them. We would like to bring your attention this month to Michael Thompson, a man who is serving the 19th year of a 40- to 60-year sentence for selling three pounds of marijuana in a sting. Please, help bring a smile to Michael and write him a letter at #176309, Chippewa Correctional Facility, 4269 West M80, Kincheloe, MI 49784.

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NORTHWEST NEWS WASHINGTON The new headquarters for Washington THSI is almost up and ready for action. Thanks to Patient Cannabis Exchange for the room they donated, now THSI has a place to meet, educate and advocate for our mission. THSI is building new chapters in Washington to offer more education to our communities and more support to prisoners and defendants.  Visit THSI’s table or room at Patient Cannabis Exchange every Sunday in Tacoma and help us end prohibition!

JOSH MAUK AND DEBBIE BRECHLER’S case has been continued once again. Their next court date will determine the future of their case, and we will have further developments next month.  We hope to be able to celebrate a positive outcome to this in the next issue.

KETTLE FALLS 5: At the time this article was written, the fate of four out of the Kettle Falls 5 was unknown. Only Larry Harvey, at 71, was released of his charges. THSI honors the Kettle Falls 5 for their sacrifices. We salute their bravery to stand up and fight against our federal Schedule I drug laws, regardless of the odds against them. They are heroes and we thank them for their contributions to help end the drug war. BELLINGHAM 3: After years of continuations, atrial date has been set for the Bellingham 3 — April 20.   Before your 420 celebrations begin, please show up to court to help support their trial so they don’t turn into our next plant prisoners. Join these three innocent people as they fight for their freedom.

OREGON NEWS It’s popping in Portland. THSI coordinators there have planned monthly meetings at a local hot spot. To get actively involved in supporting our mission there to end prohibition, contact Mindi Griffiths at media@thsintl.org for meeting location and times. The first of these meetings was in January, providing an opportunity for defendants Jason Endicott, Joy Graves and other members to discuss strategies about their cases.  Jason faces up to 40 years for possessing medical Cannabis while driving through Texas in 2013. Joy’s judge denied her motion to dismiss the case against her and co-defendant Raymond Martin. They anxiously await the next hearing to be scheduled. Joy and Jason have serious health conditions. Even small amounts of jail time could be a death sentence for these patients. Meetings led to a letter-writing campaign asking then-Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber to block his extradition.

THE POWER OF ONE: Painting by James Moore

Have you ever been selected for jury duty? How important is your role as a juror to ending prohi-


bition in 2015? Education about jury rights and responsibilities are critical to changing the way citizens perceive a juror summons. Jury nullification “occurs when a jury returns a verdict of not guilty despite its belief that the defendant is guilty of the violation charged. The jury in effect nullifies a law that it believes is either immoral or wrongly applied to the defendant whose fate they are charged with deciding.”   Jurors have to truly absorb the message of jury nullification before they understand that they possess the power, right and responsibility to nullify deficient laws. Jury nullification has influenced other changes in the law, such as alcohol prohibition and slavery. A member of The Human Solution International recently recounted a discussion about juror responsibilities with a friend while attending court support.  “I always avoided being picked on a jury for a Cannabis trial for fear I would have to put someone in prison for pot.  Now I will make sure I get on that jury so I can save a life.”

The February cover story for a special issue

COURT SUPPORT We have put out a solidarity alert for court support across the nation for all of our defendants. Court support can save all of our defendants — when executed correctly.   It is important to follow THSI’s etiquette (found on our website) to respect the defendants and the court for the most outstanding results.   Each THSI chapter has a court support coordinator (and a prison outreach coordinator) to help make the best of court support. Many people throughout the country need court support in March. Michael Thompson from Florida, Calvin D. Higdon from Indiana, the Button family in New York, and the Bart 7 of California are a few of the cases requesting member backing. After a loss at trial, Diane and Don Ferguson from Michigan asked that letters be sent to the judge asking that they not be sent to prison. Members from across the nation rose to the solidarity alert. The outcome is not yet known, but the couple are facing up to 16 years.  Details about these and other cases can be found on our calendar page. Remember: No victim = no crime = not guilty. No one should go to prison or die for our plant.

Would you like to join The Human Solution?

If you would like to help end the drug war by working on a national team, please call 951-934-0055 to speak with a team coordinator. We always need caring volunteers to help with writing press releases, interviewing prisoners and write articles for media release. We also need graphic artists, social media ambassadors & videographers. Please visit our website at www.ThsIntl.org to learn about this important mission today.

Jurors have to truly absorb the message of jury nullification before they understand that they possess the power, right and responsibility to nullify deficient laws. Jury nullification has influenced incredible change over the years. mar. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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8 PROFILE

Questions for the hemp guy jerry norton

talks new research, OSU, the DEA and quad-crops By JACOB THOM | PHOTO by ANTHONY PIDGEON

18/mar. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


#1 Can you tell us a little about you and the Oregon Hemp Convention? My family has been grass seed growers for about 100 years here in the Willamette Valley and have the infrastructure to [put on this event]. I’ve been promoting events and volunteering with the Oregon Food Bank for around the last 13 years. I’ve been an Oregon patient for the last seven years and went to a Cannabis event up in Seattle quite a while back. From there I basically dove head first into the industry itself for the last three years, wearing a few different hats. The convention is for everybody. We’re basically about teaching and educating people within the industry. But we are not limiting it to just business — we’re looking to include the general public on this. We have over 40 speakers, with 11 different businesses in the show, traveling nationwide. This is free education and as a benefit for both the Humane Society and the Oregon Food Bank.

#2 Where can hemp grow and are there potential hazards?

There is a certain level of advanced refining that goes into production that the average farmer won’t do alone.

It’s a weed. Wherever you put the stuff, it’s going to do its thing. Obviously warmer is better, but it has no place in southern Oregon, in my opinion. Where medical farmers are harvesting a very specific part of the plant (flower), we can process it much more thoroughly. We will need buffer zones to protect medical grows. I work with Russ Karow, a professor of crop and soil science over at Oregon State University, who is in charge of their seed program. He gave testimony at the Capitol about how far this pollen could really travel, and we are looking anywhere from a 3- to 7-mile radius. They are looking at doing at what they call “pinning” locations so different farms wouldn’t overlap each other. And from there it is really dependent on the communication among farmers, groups and the state. Also it’s about education because you don’t want people putting in four plants of the wrong type in their backyard and ruining the neighbor’s medicine. Which is why there has been closer regulation with hemp licensing. I really see Oregon being able to work with this issue and set a guideline for how to move forward nationally.

#5 Any interesting ways that hemp is being put to use? What about the term tri-crop or quad-crop?

#3 What’s the biggest inhibitor for hemp currently?

#7 How large are these test farms going to be and what will the yields be like? Is this an economical way of producing hemp?

Wherever you put the stuff, it’s going to do its thing. We will need buffer zones to protect medical grows.

The biggest thing right now is dealing with the DEA and getting the seed imported. We’re in a working relationship with OSU because all the seed has to go through the university and be held there, and they distribute it accordingly. However, neither the state nor the university has ever imported seeds before. We are working directly with groups and individuals throughout the U.S., along with Jerusalem and the UK, and have to go quite a ways to source the right seed. Then obviously there are tariffs and the DEA, so there are a few hurdles to jump. So for now, it’s also a constant networking game.

#4 Are there other barriers to entry that you see? There is a certain level of advanced refining that goes into production that the average farmer won’t do alone. In processing, there are essentially three core technologies: counter current reactor, biomass fragmentation chemistry and rapid biomass hydrolysis chemistry. Our partners have been at this about 10 years now. They take a cellulose biomass along with the crop and turn it into pulp. That goes into tissues, papers, diapers. But you can also turn it into chemicals, fuels and packaging that can go into specialty products like composite coatings and bottles. But then again, you can take the sugars and turn it into sweeteners.

Seed, stalk, stem and processing for CBD. You can use the entire plant, period. Within textiles, paper, fuel, plastics, there are a thousand different ways. They are using hemp curds for livestock bedding that doesn’t put dust in the air. There are car plastics and parts along with R&D into batteries being designed to run on hemp. Can you imagine driving a hemp car? We can produce medicine as well (CBD). With the low THC content approved through Oregon, we can get a very moderate CBD element and it can be processed into a medical secondary product.

#6 Does the state give you a stipend or keep the product? I’m just wondering about how these “test” products work We have to purchase the seeds. The university basically leaves the commerce up to us at a point. They will come out and do field tests on the product and make sure THC content is within legal limits, and after that the product is basically ours to do what we’d like. We’re working hard as farmers, too.

The minimum allotment for test farm is 2.5 acres, though we have a couple hundred acres that we could position the plant in. However, the seed distribution is more like a lottery, so whether we get that much is another question. We really don’t know at this point. One well-farmed acre should produce about 1,000 pounds of harvest that we can tri- or quad-crop.

#8 Any other interesting things we should know? I had the city of Sheridan get a hold of me. They have some wastewater problems near their federal prison and are looking at planting some hemp near the facility as an eco-friendly project to try and soak up the water. Plant it right next to the prison. I mean, why not?

The Oregon Hemp Convention is coming up March 28 & 29 from 11am-7pm @ PDX Expo Center. Free entry to the public with canned food donation for benefit. OregonHempConvention.com

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rehashed

By jacob thom | PHOTOS by anthony pidgeon for oregon leaf

SOUTHERN OREGON cultivators cup

Imperial Event Center, Medford, OR

Feb. 7, 2015

In Memory | Nathan Green, 24

About 300 patients and top growers celebrated the best of a well-developed industry last month.

A mix of patients and growers alike

THE EVENT WAS FILLED DURING THE CEREMONY WITH A STANDING-ROOM-ONLY CROWD AMID THE FRAGRANT, WAFTING ODOR OF CANNABIS.

W

ithin 30 minutes of opening, the ballroom had easily reached its capacity. Inside were people giving hugs, smiles and friendly gestures, and folks of all types freely smoking weed, giving out weed, and talking about weed, community and life. This was a different scene in the Imperial Event Center than Medford is used to. It was a special experience. Twelve tables outlined the back wall where businesses and organizations of all sizes were present. Rigs, pipes, magazines and medicine were spread across the black coverings. Wandering among the mom and pop edibles, large-scale oil processors, and a sea of highly innovative, specialized products, gave a good impression of the industry at a distinctive moment in Oregon history. It felt like weed wasn’t a commodity as much as it was a simple part of everyone’s life. “Everyone got to come together to see what the community was doing” said attendee Pete Loncarevich. There is a practical element to saying medicine is a simple part of patients’ lives. Patient-to-patient giving and supplying is one of the only ways that some people can afford the costs of the medicine. There is a heavy cost and risk to the amount of energy and resources it takes to grow consistent medicine, especially outdoors. And the truth is, there is no insurance for this type of remedy. When asked about his patients, Neigel from Hruska Farms grew solemn. Although he had just won three awards that day, his tone reflected the serious issue of safe access. “We’d rather go without food,” he said, “than rip off our patients.”

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Taking home the hardware

flower Winners

Highest THC

1) #30 Phoenix Rising Farm, Chem4 OG 26.85% 2) #14 Phoenix Rising Farm, Sour Kush 26.09% 3) #9 Hruska Farms, Platinum Cookies 25.69%

Best Tasting

1) #35 Hruska Farms, Yager 2) #29 Hruska Farms, Pineapple 3) #26 5.0 Water Culture, Sage n Sour Tie #27 4.23.3 Gardens, Silver Pineapple

Highest CBD

1) #9 Hruska Farms, Platinum Cookies, 0.86% 2) #22 Phoenix Rising Farm Headband, 0.70% 3) #14 Phoenix Rising Farm Sour Kush, 0.60%

Patient’s Choice

1) #26 5.0 Water Culture, Sage n Sour 2) #35 Hruska Farms, Yager 3) #13 Zane Dorr, O.G. Kush

Concentrate Winners

Highest THC

1) #9 Humbug Wizard 710 NYC Conspiracy, 86.32% 2) #14 Anthony Thum Sage n Sour, 84.89% 3) #10 Stuffed Extracts San Fernando Valley, 84.46%

Best Tasting

1) #9 Humbug Wizard 710, NYC Conspiracy 2) #2 Anthony Thum, Pineapple Tie #3 Captain JK Farms, Master Kush (Ice Wax) 3) #25 Dudez Dabs, Sour Flower

Highest CBD

1) #3 Pop Naturals, Swiss Vape Pen, 56.26% 2) #7 Pop Naturals, Swiss Vape Pen, 53.66% 3) #15 Pop Naturals, Candy Apple Pen, 2.75%

Patient’s Choice

1) #9 Humbug Wizard 710, NYC Conspiracy 2) #5 Stuffed Extracts, Huckleberry 3) #10 Stuffed Extracts, San Fernando Valley

medible Winners

Patient’s Choice

1) #5 Angels Edible Medibles, KronicCottonCandy 2) #1 Angels Edible Medibles, Meltaway 3) #6 Aztec Herbals, Brownie Truffle

Best Tasting

1) #4 Angels Edible Medibles, Psycho Salsa 2) #5 Angels Edible Medibles, KronicCottonCandy 3) #2 Aztec Herbals, CannaCup


access

Manager Katy Watson helps out a patient.

five zero trees Strains 5/5 FIVE ZERO TREES has a huge selection of top shelf

strains, including Goji OG, Sour Diesel, Obama Kush and Animal Cookies grace the well-lit shelves. Featured vendors include, Pacific Farms, Davis Farms and TJ’s Organic Gardens. Boveda packs in each jar keep the flowers fresh before they reach patients. Flower donations ranged from $10-12 per gram. Sixteen strains are grown in house by the owners.

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Reviewed

By WILL FERGUSON for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

Edibles 5/5

Concentrates 5/5

THE MEDIBLE SELECTION is overwhelming.

SEVERAL KINDS of concentrates were

Various medicated cookies, sodas, doughnuts, gummies and pretzels were available from vendors including Wonderland Edibles, Sour Bhotz and Blue Sky Farms. Patients will surely find a delicious treat that suits their palate and medicinal needs.

available to patients such as Platinum Bubba, Jedi OG, Dr. Who, Sour Diesel And Goji Og were available in BHO, CO2 and full-melt forms. Five Zero Trees is the only access point in Portland to consistently carry full-melt bubble hash.


THE SCORE

a rom a : d e nsi ty: cure: appearance: f lavor : e ffe c t: tota l: 26/30

SONIC SCREWDRIVER

THIS HYBRID, grown by Davis Farms, is one of the

OREGON LEMON

Lemon Diesel x Faceoff OG

THIS PHENO of Oregon Lemons has a very greasy and fuel-smelling terpene

profile. Grown in house by the owners, this flower leans heavy on the Faceoff OG side. We enjoyed this strain through a clean water pipe. When it was combusted, we tasted strong OG terpenes with a slight hint of limonene from the lemon diesel. The effects were very cerebral and we were motivated to take on the day’s tasks. This is a fantastic and tasty sativa dominant hybrid.

20.3% THC // 0.9% CBD

Orange Cream Soda x Timewreck

frostiest buds we have seen lately. The cross of THE SCORE Orange Cream Soda and Timewreck has a strong a r o ma : lemon scent, most likely due to high levels of the den si t y: terpene, limonene. The buds snap off the stem, c u r e: suggesting a proper cure. When smoked through appearance: Raw papers, we noticed a kushy flavor and felt a f lavo r : pleasant cerebral high that came on immediately and ef f ec t: lasted for two hours. The flower burns a clean white ash and has a smooth smoke. It’s ideal for patients t o ta l: 29/30 suffering from depression, pain, stress or anxiety.

22.9% thc // 0.3% CBD

TEST results by GOING GREEN LABS

TEST results by going green labs

Jon Perry can help you find the perfect pipe.

Environment 4/5

Overall 19/20

THE ACCESS POINT maintains a spa-

FRIENDLY BUDTENDERS, a large

cious, modern environment. There is a fully outfitted clone room and large glass shop in the back for all medicating necessities. We appreciated the blow-up posters of various strains and the availability of books and other useful products.

selection of top shelf medicine and a relaxing atmosphere make this access point worth the trip to south east Portland. The staff are attentive and do not rush you into making a purchase. Located right off I-205, this convenient, high-quality resource center puts patients first.

FIVE ZERO TREES

10209 SE Division St. #100, Portland 97266 (971) 242-8492 www.FiveZeroTrees.com

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access

the greener side

Reviewed

By JACOB THOM for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by ANTHONY PIDGEON for OREGON LEAF

The earthy shop carries helpful growing guides and a selection of glass pipes and accessories.

Strains 5/5 THE GREENER SIDE has a broad selection of exceptionally high-quality flower ranging from a 100 percent sativa strain (Goo) from Thailand to a modest selection of CBD options. The store stocks about 30 flowers in all, with prices ranging from $5-$11 per gram.

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Edibles 4/5

Concentrates 4/5

THE EDIBLES SELECTION is limited to mostly

HAVING EIGHT TYPES of local wax and

potent sweet treats and a few beverages. They’re delicious, but it would be nice to see other options in the savory category. However, also included in the mix is an array of tinctures featuring many locals’ work such as Ancient Medicinal Herbs and various remedies by Freedom Fighter Farms.

shatter was a nice surprise on the shelves; we were able to have a broad selection without being overwhelmed. Also included were quality products from statewide producers including O.penVAPE and The CO2 Company.


THE SCORE

a rom a : d e nsi ty: cure: appearance: flavor: e ffe c t: tota l: 25/30

THE SCORE

BAY 11

a r o ma : den si t y: c u r e: appearance: f lavo r : ef f ec t: t o ta l: 26/30

PA I N R E LIEVING

THIS STRAIN came recommended to us for its impressive CBD properties.

The flower produces a peppery blend of smoked paprika and cedar flavors, a light stinging mix that isn’t overpowering in the container. The natural RAW paper burned with a nearly sweet smell. We smoked the herb in a loose roll that created an exhale with hints of floral tones. Within moments, the tense feeling in my limbs and joints eased, my mind was a little lighter. The effects were a nonheady sensation that would be effective if needing to pursue a creative project or to simply ease intense spasms and nerve pain.

11.9% thc // 15.2% CBD TEST results by OG Analytical

HIGHSMAN

MILD INDICA STRAIN

THIS WAS A MELLOW SMOKE with a nice and light earthy flavor that produced a well-

rounded and relaxed high. The result left one clear-headed and able to chill, which is great for many anxiety and PTSD issues. The strain had an easy and smooth intake when smoked with a medium bong and Hemp Wick light. The Highsman’s overall sweet and piney smell was pleasant, but not potent enough to fill up your car. Consider this an excellent beginning strain of the day.

20.2% thc // 0.2% CBD TEST results by OG Analytical

Environment 4/5 DESPITE the compact office room approach,

the compassion, knowledge and firsthand experience of the collective staff is distinctive. Providing multiple rooms for individual access was another plus. With plenty of parking, the location is set in an accessible part of town and is easily recognizable with the large frontward and side-facing signs.

Overall 17/20 ORIGINALLY started in 2011, this is the oldest collective in

Eugene and deserves the recognition of being a truly fine establishment. They’ve been around long enough to know how to properly work with farmers on pricing that’s not solely focused on THC results. They also use (often overlooked) products that are needed throughout the industry, including reusable and smell-proof bags, biodegradable flower bags and many topical and boutique options that cater to an older clientele.

The dispensary uses (often overlooked) products that are needed throughout the industry, including reusable & smell-proof bags. THE GREENER SIDE

1553 Oak St. Eugene 97401 (541) 345-8904 KeepEugeneGreen.org

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access

by Dr. Scanderson for Oregon Leaf

PHOTOS by Daniel Berman

NORTHERN LIGHTS PINEAPPLE POWER GORILLA GLUE #4 S SUPER LEMON HAZ HARLEQUIN WHIT GIRL SCOUT COOKI DJ SHORT BLUEBER CINDERELLA 99 AC

The Strain

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TS #5 ER SOUR DIESEL SOUR TSUNAMI AZE KOSHER KUSH TE DAWG AK-47 KIES BUBBLE GUM ERRY BUBBA KUSH AC/DC BLUE DREAM

in Guide

12-page special

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The Strain Guide

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SOUR DIESEL Sister of and East Coast counterpart to OG Kush, Sour Diesel is a legendary strain that emerged from a grow room in Amherst, Massachusetts. With heavy yields of some of the most toxically potent-smelling flowers, it leaves users with a soaring psychedelic effect and lip-smacking flavor.

PINEAPPLE POWER Pineapple Power is a potent, sativa dominant hybrid bred by Dank Czar. The cross resulted in a more vigorous, resinous plant that exhibits a more traditional OG growth structure while adding a pungent terpene profile that consists more of citrus, spice and floral notes than the traditional fuel dominant OG terps.

Sour Diesel is a tricky plant to grow. She has extreme vigor, prefers high

amounts of N in early to midflower and high amounts of Mg in mid- to late flower. She will commonly stretch three times or more in flower and has an overall chaotic growth pattern that is maximized when height mitigation techniques are employed, and with a medium amount of branch thinning and leaf pruning. Many breeders recommend vegging for only seven to 10 days to account for stretch. Her equatorial heritage has her thirsting for lots of light but remains temperature sensitive and will commonly respond catastrophically to spikes or inconsistencies in climate control. When run to potential, perhaps no other plant grows such desirable, over-the-top-with-taste flowers of any Cannabis I’ve tried. Her powerful euphoric effect inspires creativity and energy. All of this is produced with the potential for record yields. It’s easy to see why many growers commit their entire effort to only cultivating this plant.

Genetics: Original Diesel x DNL Flower Time: 70-75 days Sativa/Indica: 70/30

the flavor is strong and lingers with an almost creamsi-

cle-like exhale. Copious trichome production all the way down into the fan leaves makes this a concentrate producers dream with any technique. Thanks to THC percentages testing over 25 percent, Pineapple Power packs the punch that fans of sativas and sativa-hybrids are looking for. Try using this for energy and being creative — it’s the kind of strain to get you moving.

Genetics: Tangerine Power (Agent Orange x Blue Power) x Pineapple OG (Pineapple Express x 501 OG).

Flower Time: 56-63 days Sativa/Indica: 70/30

Sour Diesel provided by Hype Herbally Holistic Health by Dama

Pineapple Power provided by A Greener Today

DJ SHORT BLUEBERRY

AK-47

DJ Short, as he’s known on the forums, is the breeder responsible for bringing this very special plant to the masses. A short and stout plant, Blueberry is an excellent plant for beginners. She can be a heavy feeder and under ideal conditions will produce the frostiest, most colorful flowers. Not requiring much training and pruning, her even and tempered growth makes for a delightful veg and a mild stretch that preserves the structure while opening up space for light and air to reach the bud sites during bloom. Red, purple and blue tones emerge in later flower and set off resinous flowers. DJ Short can make a new grower a committed lifer — and many phenos do all of this in just eight weeks.

Blueberry gives patients a sharp terpene profile reminiscent of

freshly baked blueberry muffins. The ripe and tart dark-berry tones are some of the most vibrant in the flavor wheel and only increase through drying & curing. Providing a potent indica effect, Blueberry can be an excellent medication for those seeking pain relief, appetite stimulus and assistance in falling or staying asleep.

Genetics: Heirloom Blueberry-ish (Purple Thai x Afghani) x (Thailand x Afghani) Flower Time: 50-55 days Sativa/Indica: 20/80 DJ Short Blueberry provided by A Greener Today

This is another powerhouse champion released by Serious Seeds. One of the most heavily awarded strains, AK-47 is named for its knockout power. A balanced mix of landraces,

AK-47 stays compact and bushy in veg and even after a typical

100 percent stretch, remains a medium-height plant. AK-47 reliably produces compact but swollen flowers that have a generous calyxto-leaf ratio and needs little thinning or pruning. Keep temperatures below 80 F. throughout flower and watch her large blooms pack on density, delivering some rewarding yields. This medication leans toward sativa despite her obvious indica influences throughout grow. It features potent skunky smells of sweet citrus, orange rind and lemon grass. This medication’s potency often has users experiencing the sedative quality in just a couple of tokes.

Genetics: Mexican x Columbian x Thailand x Afghanistan Flower Time: 56-63 days Sativa/Indica: 65/35 Sour Diesel provided by Hype Herbally Holistic Health

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The Strain Guide

AC/DC When Jamie from Resin Seeds released Cannatonic in seed form, he helped pave the way for breeders and growers to end the CBD drought. The highly selected pheno found in his stock has consistently yielded a 20:1 CBD-to-THC ratio. This phenotype of Cannatonic has become known as the AC/DC.

Genetics: MK Ultra x G-13 Haze Flower Time: 68-75 days Sativa/Indica: 50/50 AC/DC provided by Farma

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GORILLA GLUE #4 This is another strain that came out fast and heavy. Unlike so many other new and distinctive champion plants, the creator of Gorilla Glue #4 Josey Whales set a standard in elite genetics management by giving it away for $10-20 a cut. That ensures the proper preservation of the lineage and allows other breeders to further complement the plant by making crosses of their own with it. While many breeders struggle to defend the quality of the “real” strain they produced, patients have had the chance to sample the unquestioned winner.

the glue shows a lot of its growth characteristics

from its Diesel heritage. She roots fast and heavy, poking early runners in five-to-seven days and continues with unusually fast growth in veg. Requiring a strong hand with height mitigation, she will grow tall and stretchy fast if not properly trained and needs support in flower so more of the bush can be trained earlier on. She’s a heavy feeder and will take plenty of N deep in flower; it also thrives with higher levels of Mg after stretch. Get the support ready as Gorilla Glue is only a few steps up from an elite OG when it comes to support and structure needs. Her heavy feeding and large yields will lean, bend and snap, affecting yields adversely. The extra loud Sour Pine and earth Diesel terps from dried Gorilla Glue blooms are matched only by the thick layer of trichomes, which can destroy scissors during trimming. Test results in the mid-20s that deliver a highly psychoactive buzz with quick onset that lasts, Gorilla Glue #4 has become a staple in my garden and many others.

Genetics: (Sour Dub x Chem Sis) x Choc Diesel Flower Time: 63-68 days Sativa/Indica: 70/30 Gorilla Glue #4 provided by Farma

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The Strain Guide

HARLEQUIN

BUBBLEGUM

No CBD-dominant category would be complete without including one of the oldest high-CBD strains: Harlequin. A clone-only strain widely available throughout California, Washington state and Colorado, this plant carries with it a distinctive 2:1 CBD-to-THC ratio. People juice it because it can put out more leaves than flower over its growth period.

Developed in Indiana, this clone-only of unknown genetics has a rep. With a cultlike following and limited availability, TH Seeds of Amsterdam managed to stabilize it in seed form, where it went on to win multiple cups. The over-the-top, sweet pink scent of Bazooka Joe Bubble Gum combined with its sweet-lasting flavor and hammering effects make this plant a favorite for those who can find it.

preliminary research on Harlequin leaves in vegetative state

provided some impressive data on its CBD-to-THC ratio. It was a leap forward in the effort to provide effective medication while limiting the psychoactive effects of THC. Juicing and consuming the leaves while they are in their vegetative state have been found to provide even more benefits. Harlequin delivers a complementary dosage of THC that promotes relaxation. The sweet thick smells of cherry/honey and syrup dominate the terpene profile and package the smoke into an enticing bouquet of flavors.

Genetics: Colombian Gold x Swiss x Thai Flower Time: 65-70 days Sativa/Indica: 70/30 Harlequin provided by CannaBliss

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bubblegum is an easy plant to grow because she thrives under a vari-

ety of feeding programs. Bubblegum also brings with it a phenomenal structure that grows equally well-topped and untopped. Although it’s advisable to allow a few extra week in veg, she is a grower’s dream. She surges into flower with a nice stretch that fills out a canopy. With mild leaf pruning, Bubblegum develops evenly spaced bud sites that grow into monster, sweet, resinous flowers rich in purples and pinks in late flower. Bubblegum is a heavy-hitting medicine that promotes a deep calm and restful disposition. The piercingly sweet aroma leaves a honeysuckle taste with a quick onset of effects that can be confusing before melting into a calming, often sleepy vibe that we find to be quite enjoyable.

Genetics: Unknown Flower Time: 55-58 days Sativa/Indica: 40/60 Bubblegum provided by Sodo Holistic Health


NORTHERN LIGHTS #5

WHITE DAWG

If you’ve enjoyed medical Cannabis in the past 10 years, you likely have Northern Lights #5 to thank. One of the most influential plants created and proliferated through future breeding, NL#5 is a special plant. While the actual genetics aren’t specifically known outside of Skunk and Haze, Northern Lights quickly became the indica to which all other plants are compared.

The creation by JJ from Top Dawg Genetics, one of the most talented breeders in the game, has developed a cult-like following. White Dawg combines the bonecrushing power of the Tres Dawg with frost machinery of The White. This strain is a high-yielding, gasoline-reeking, resin-covered monster that produces fast and potent pain relief that we’ll file under the “works directly as intended” category.

northern lights is easy to grow, shaping on her own into a

white dawg is surprisingly easy to grow. A hearty feeder and medium pace

Genetics: Unknown Flower Time: 50-60 days Sativa/Indica: 20/80

Genetics: The White x Tres Dawg Flower Time: 65-70 days Sativa/Indica: 30/70

Northern Lights #5 provided by Five Zero Trees

White Dawg provided by Private Grower

medium and bushy plant in flower. She grows large, resin-coated flowers that are highly mold-resistant and produce little smell during flower, which can be helpful for stealth reasons. Moving through flower in just seven to eight weeks, growers can expect handsome yields with most feeding programs. Unlike her smell during flower, Northern Lights erupts with a complex bouquet of earthy, musky sweet tones with a sharp pinecone finish. True to her indica-dominant parents, Northern Lights gives users a calming and peaceful effect with appetite-stimulating qualities.

in veg, it quickly changes pace in flower, where she forms a balanced bush with minimal training. Setting up flower sites early and fast, I’ve found this plant really shines when taken through the full 10 weeks. Gasoline on Chem on Kush on Gas again is what you find in this strain. Its indica heritage delivers a devastating blow with extremely fast onset. It’s not for the light user or when you need to function — its deeply relaxing and introspective medicine leaves a chemy Kush flavor on the palate long after its effects set in. With selections testing over 27 percent THC, a frosty kushy bag appeal and an intermediate skill demand, White Dawg is one of the best Chem crosses in seed form.

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The Strain Guide

CINDERELLA 99 The Brothers Grimm created Cinderella 99 and with it famously produced one of the biggest advances in breeding for indoor cultivation. Bred specifically for indoor cultivation, this plant is a miraculous strain and the cornerstone of many of the hottest breeders’ lines. Using selected phenos of the multiple-cupwinning Jack Herer, they came to call Princess and P75 the cubed line, featuring multiple Bx’s.

bred for indoor cultivation, it’s hard to

go wrong with this plant. She grows short and bushy with exceptional side branching and huge calyx-to-leaf ratios, requiring little training, pruning or thinning. In most environments, expect heavy yields of deeply frosted flowers reeking of pineapples and tropical punch. While she can be pushed with higher feedings, Cinderella 99 thrives in organic- and synthetic-growing environments, reliably delivering connoisseur buds in as little as 50 days. Her lineage includes plants such as Haze and Shiva Skunk, that provide energetic, clear and inspirational effects. The sativa dominance in her heritage is apparent. It’s a fine daytime medication that promotes a sharp and uplifting mood with just enough indica influence to keep things from getting too itchy.

Genetics: Princess x Cinderella 88 (Princess x P75) Flower Time: 50-53 days Sativa/Indica: 70/30 Bubba Kush provided by Sodo Holistic Health

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BUBBA KUSH The notorious original OG Kush clone was the basis for this plant. In an effort to tame the high stretch and add structural integrity, it was bred to a highly indicadominant West Coast Dawg Bx and then worked to stability over several generations to create the original Bubba Kush, also known as the Pre ’98.In 1998, Serious Seeds released a Bubba Kush that crossed Master Kush with Bubblegum and since then many growers and breeders have distinguished the two lines between the Pre ’98 version, which is clone-only, and the seeded version.

bubba kush is a slow starter, but

that’s the only drawback. She is vigorous and adapts well to many environments, mediums and nutrient regimes. In true indica fashion, she grows large leaves. Most of her phenos stay short and bushy, developing evenly spaced bud sites that require minimal training, pruning or support. By removing some of the largest water leaves on the upper portions of the plant, light will penetrate the plant evenly and her symmetrical structure will be fully revealed. With adequate vegetative time, Bubba produces a strong yield, and it produces well in the quality and medicinal benefits category. Bubba Kush has a distinctive effect that many patients find desirable. While providing the relief associated with heavy indica, Bubba Kush doesn’t have some of the more narcotic and lethargic effects that generally come with indica-dominant strains of similar potency.

Genetics: OG Kush x West Coast Dawg BX Flower Time: 58-65 days Sativa/Indica: 20/80 Bubba Kush provided by A Greener Today

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The Strain Guide

BLUE DREAM Originally a clone-only strain, the popularity of Blue Dream has made it a staple for many breeders and is widely available in seed form. Initially blowing up the California scene, Blue Dream quickly migrated around the country. In Seattle, it’s the No. 1 searched-for strain on many websites.

blue dream is a plant that has vigor, structure, yield and incredibly de-

sirable and potent blooms. This plant has it all. Blue Dream roots quickly and grows into a well-branched bush with hybrid leaves in veg. In transition to bloom, she stretches into a medium-size plant that’s considerably shorter and much less chaotic than a typical Haze. Leaves stretch out long and thin in bloom, making thinning all but unnecessary. Showing her indica heritage, Blue Dream grows unusually dense blooms for a Haze-dominant plant, making her one of the largest yielding varieties available. Include a 10 to 15 degree temperature variation during the light cycle and watch as some colors are set. With easy-to-grow plants that produce such large yields, quality and potency can suffer. Not with Blue Dream, however. Her cured medication complements her ease in growth. Blueberry muffin scents fold neatly into a hazy background — she delivers a full palate of flavor combined with a soaring effect of inspiration, motivation and ideas. It’s the classic sativa effect so many patients seek.

SUPER LEMON HAZE

Genetics: Blueberry (DJ Short) x Super Silver Haze (Mr. Nice) Flower Time: 65 days Sativa/Indica: 70/30

Genetics: Super Silver Haze x Lemon Skunk Flower Time: 65-70 days Sativa/Indica: 80/20

Blue Dream provided by Green Remedy

Super Lemon Haze provided by Five Zero Trees

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Perhaps the most popular of the seeds released by Greenhouse Seeds, Super Lemon Haze has won multiple cups. Amid the many designer strains in the Cannabis market, Super Lemon Haze continues to be a go-to for many enthusiasts and is still winning Cannabis cups.

soaring effects are the benchmark of any Super Lemon Haze, but when gently folded into a zesty blend of Sweet Lemon, it becomes what many Cannabis enthusiasts and patients seek. The Lemon Skunk adds a balance to what can otherwise be an almost edgy effect with some of the more potent Super Silvers.


SOUR TSUNAMI Southern Humboldt Seed Collective’s head breeder Lawrence Ringo developed the Sour Tsunami over several years of crossing sour diesel and Soma’s NYC Diesel into a stable form he called Double Diesel. He then took that cross and created a Breeders Cross of it called Sour Tsunami. About 1 in 4 phenotypes show impressive 5:3 CBD-to-THC ratios.

sour tsunami grows the way Diesel-dominant

plants normally tend to — it’s vigorous in veg, with an almost unruly stretch that requires significant height mitigation techniques. Heavy pruning and branch selection will help direct the plant’s energy to developing large, dense flowers and avoid lightstarved, larfy lowers. In 10 weeks, she delivers musky sour blooms with heavy sweet syrup undertones indicative of many high CBD strains. Because of the distinctive cannabinoid ratio, she leaves her users with a heavy dose of pain relief gently wrapped in just enough psychoactive THC to end up lending a focused and calming touch.

Genetics: Sour Diesel x (Sour Diesel x NYC Diesel )[bx]) Flower Time: 70 days Sativa/Indica: 70/30 Sour Tsunami provided by The Joint

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The Strain Guide

GIRL SCOUT COOKIES The strain with the most controversy surrounding its lineage and breeding might be the most popular strain of the decade. The breeding crew generally regarded as creating the Girl Scout Cookie cut will only reveal its secret recipe as a stabilized OG Kush x Durban Poison, which is then crossed to another OG Kush.

where this plant really shines is in

her uplifting effects and great looks. If you end up getting the right cut grown to its potential, Girl Scout Cookie has a delicious kushy menthol flavor. It seems most of the cuts in circulation carry the similar tall and stretchy growth characteristics in both veg and bloom, a high demand for P and an overall preference for lower wattage or indirect lighting. The outstanding frost levels and shape of the trichomes gives an overthe-top appearance that is compounded by the rich purples, reds and blues that the plant delicately weaves into finished flowers. It’s one of the most beautiful strains of Cannabis in grow and when dried.

Genetics: [{F1} (Uncherry Kush

OG [Original Gangsta not ocean grown]) X [(Floridah Haunted Triangle Ninja Squirrel Kush aka Snoop’s Set) {[(Naughtinyerbag Kush x Doesntevenexist OG)]} x (Spanish Trampoline) }]

Flower Time: 70-75 days Sativa/Indica: Just sit down

GSC provided by Rose City Wellness

44/MAR. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


KOSHER KUSH Descendant of the famed cut Jews Gold, which was once a tightly held secret for a Southern California area grow crew, this OG Kush cut became known for its piercing terps and uplifting effects. Don and Aaron of Reserva Privada bought a cut and released Kosher Kush in seed form, creating an instant multiple cup winner.

many connoisseurs regard OG Kush as among

the best strains of Cannabis. With a dizzying number of cuts, seeds, crosses, backcrosses, new cuts and ancient cuts preserved from the paleolithic era... finding a reliable OG can certainly be a challenge. The Kosher Kush is a line with limited pheno variation, but it reliably delivers at least one stable, Jews Gold-dominant phenotype in every six-pack of fem seeds. This is an elite OG and carries with it the same sensitivities to nutrients, demands for particular ratios at particular growth phases, and a challenging, stretchy, lanky structure that requires much support early and often in flower. Kosher is often brought to potential when height mitigation techniques are used early throughout veg and early to midflower. The acrid, lemon-cleaner odor of blooms of Dried Kosher can be overwhelming. Laid over a subtle earthy background, those terps are the Mr. Clean, Murphy’s Oil scent that so many Kush lovers seek. Combined with a THC content frequently reaching the mid-20s, Kosher Kush is a leap forward in making the most elite clones in seed form.

Genetics: (Sour Dub x Chem Sis) x Choc Diesel Flower Time: 65-68 days Sativa/Indica: 30/70 Kosher Kush provided by Rose City Wellness

MAR. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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recipes

By LAURIE WOLF for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF for OREGON LEAF

Makes 4 servings

INGREDIENTS

2 tbs. Canna-butter 1 medium onion, chopped 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 lb. asparagus, 1-2 inch pieces 6 cups water 1/8 cup chopped fresh dill Dash of salt ½ tsp. white pepper 2 tsp. lemon juice 1 cup Greek low-fat plain yogurt 1 tsp. freshly grated lemon rind 4 tbs. Parmesan, grated or shaved

48/MAR. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

FRESH SPRING SOUP

1. In a large soup pot, heat the canna-butter. Add the onion and sauté for 5-7 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add the garlic and sauté for an additional couple of minutes.

WITH ASPARAGUS, LEMON AND PARMESAN

2. Add the asparagus, water, dill, salt, pepper and lemon juice. Simmer until asparagus is tender, about 20 minutes. Remove from the heat.

I am living in Portland now

3. Add the yogurt to the pot. Puree the soup in small batches until smooth. Heat the soup without bringing it to a boil.

but hail originally from New York, so I am just delighted when hints of spring are evident as early as the end of February — fragrant jasmine, camellias and, just this week, our roses began to bloom. Farmers markets are starting to have the fresh vegetables and herbs we enjoy at this time of year. The air smells so fresh and earthy, and with the more frequent outdoor events and experiences, I notice there are more whiffs of weed in the air. I love that.

4. Divide the soup among four bowls and sprinkle with the grated Parmesan and lemon rind.

*

TASTY TIP: This fresh and

tasty seasonal soup is also great served cold. Instead of Parmesan, sprinkle finely chopped scallions.

More recipes next page


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recipes

By LAURIE WOLF for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF for OREGON LEAF

Continued from previous page

PAN-SEARED CHICKEN WITH SPRING BOUNTY INGREDIENTS

2 tbs. canna-olive oil 2 tbs. olive oil 4x 6oz. boneless skinless ch. breasts 2 leeks, trimmed, washed & chopped 2 lbs. fresh fava beans or 1 1/2 cups frozen fava beans 4 artichoke hearts, quartered 8 scallions, trimmed 3 cloves minced garlic Dash of salt & pepper to taste 4 tbs. chicken stock 1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley

Serves four hungry people

1. In a large skillet, heat up one tablespoon of canna-olive oil and two table spoons of regular olive oil. Cook the chicken over medium heat for 5-7 minutes, turn and cook an additional 3-4 minutes. Remove to a plate. 2. Add the remaining tablespoons of canna-olive oil to the pan. Add the leeks and the fava beans and sauté for 5-6 minutes. Add the artichoke hearts, scallions, garlic, salt and pepper. 3. Return the chicken breasts to the pan, along with any drippings and the stock. 4. Heat up the meal and plate for four servings. Garnish w/ parsley and favorite spices.

SPINACH SALAD

*

with radish, avocado & horseradish cream INGREDIENTS

½ lb. spinach, torn into bite-size pieces 6 radishes, rinsed and thinly sliced ½ avocado, peeled, sliced, dipped in lemon 1 small red onion, peeled and thinly sliced ½ cup reduced fat sour cream 2-4 tbs. prepared horseradish 2 tbs. mayonnaise 2 tbs. canna-olive oil 1 tsp. Dijon mustard 1 scallion, minced

1. In a large bowl combine the spinach, radishes, avocado and onion. 2. In a small bowl, combine the sour cream, horseradish, mayonnaise, oil, mustard and minced scallion. Divide the salad among four plates and drizzle with the horseradish cream.

50/MAR. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


TASTY

Reviews

By WILL FERGUSON for OREGON LEAF Photos by Daniel Berman

THE CHOCOLATE LEFT US WITH A NICE BODY BUZZ THAT LASTED ABOUT 4 HRS.

BELGIAN DARK CHOCO2LATE BAR by peak extracts, $9

Tested by Green Leaf Lab

53mg THC

3.5mg CBD per bar

Peak Extracts is a new medible company that has hit the ground run-

ning with their medicated dark chocolate CO2 bars. Made with 72 percent Belgian dark chocolate, this medible does a great job at concealing any canna taste. The chocolate bar can be broken down into smaller pieces with a dose of around 10mg THC or less. The smaller dose is perfect for low-tolerance patients. About an hour after consuming the whole bar, we felt a nice body buzz that lasted for around four hours. THE SCORE This particular bar was made with Va l ue: Grape Ape, an indica dominant strain. Effects will vary depending ta ste: the strain infused in the chocolate Effec t: bar. Overall, Peak Extracts ChocPackaging: o2late bars are great for patients Overa l l : 16/20 with a low to moderate tolerances.

52/MAR. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

GREEN APPLE SQUIB by Lunchbox alchemy, $8

Tested by Cascadia Labs

117mg THC

0mg CBD per gummy

The squib is a circular, medicated gummy that contains about 117 mg

of activated THC. It comes in a variety of flavors, including pineapple, fruit punch and green apple. But there were pros and cons to this edible. The packaging could be improved — the medicated gummy comes in a circular container that is hard to remove. On the bright side, this edible can easily be cut and portioned out to patients with a lower tolerance to edibles. Some may not mind an herbal flavor, which this gummy THE SCORE did not mask well. After about 90 Value: minutes, the effects began. We felt a mild body buzz that was useful taste: for our chronic pain. The buzz Effect: lasted for about two hours before Packaging: completely dissipating. These edOverall: 16/20 ibles are a good price but didn’t provide heavy effects as expected.


concentrates

By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN

Goji OG Shatter Bred by Bodhi Seeds | Grown by illumination farms | processed by mojoe meds

Goji OG is a tasty

74.99%

THC TOTAL CBD: 0.27%

The sativa-like effects come on almost instantly and we felt a warm, cerebral high within the first 10 minutes.

Available from Treehouse Collective

54/Mar. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

2419 Sandy Blvd. Portland, OR 97232 (503) 894-8774 www.pdxtreehouse.com

cross of Snow Lotus and Nepali OG. The shatter was packaged inside an envelope and enclosed in a piece of unbleached parchment paper. The extract has a beautiful, transparent, golden color and is a pull ‘n’ snap consistency. The extract should be dabbed at lower temperatures, utilizing a carb cap to maximize flavor. After taking a few dabs, our mouths were coated in berry flavor that tasted like biting into a fresh, ripe strawberry. The sativa-like effects come on almost instantly and we felt a warm, cerebral high within the first 10 minutes. We then relaxed into a couch-locked stone. This shatter is great for patients experimenting with indicas and sativas. From the grow room, to the processing lab, to the high-grade source material and use of a custom closed loop extraction system, patient safety is clearly at the heart of this medicine.

TESTING by 3B ANALYTICAL


South Coast Compassion Coalition

www.southcoastcompassion.com Doctor evaluations available by appopintment

� To Downtown Coos Bay


Harvest schedule

For most plants... Roots in early spring or late autumn. Bark in late spring and early summer. Stems, branches, leaves in late spring, early summer. Flowers as buds or when just beginning to bloom. Fruits when ripe (some species should be unripe). Seeds and kernels when fruit is completely ripe.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Family: Asteraceae/Compositae Common names: Yarrow, milfoil, soldier’s herb, knight’s milfoil, carpenter’s grass and nosebleed.

BY OREGON LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCOTT D. ROSE

health & science

Wildcrafting NATURAL HERBS Wildcrafting is a term used for the practice of harvesting medicinal plants

from the wild in their natural habitat in sustainable ways. Wildcrafting applies to uncultivated plants and is not restricted to “wilderness” areas. Rather, plants can be harvested wherever they are found as long as ethical considerations are taken into account while harvesting them, especially for endangered species. Always ask for permission to forage and collect on private lands and obtain the proper permits to harvest on public lands. Never collect herbs that have been sprayed, are endangered (at risk of extinction) or threatened (at risk of becoming endangered). Properly identify plants because some plants have look-alikes that have adverse, even poisonous, effects. Ensure that the plant is strong before harvesting and never take more than 10 percent to 25 percent of the plant stand, or population of the plant in the given area, and never take more than you need or can process properly. If harvesting leaves, take a few from each plant. If harvesting roots, take one or two lateral roots, not the whole root system, which kills the plant. If the whole plant must be harvested, plant new seed in the hole left behind.

FOUND: Europe, North America and Asia. Description: The stem is angular and rough, the

leaves alternate and are three to four inches long and one inch broad, clasping the stem at the base, segments are finely cut, giving the leaves a feathery appearance.

Parts used: Leaf, flower and some stem. ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS: Coumarins, tannins,

volatile oils, bitter materials, resins, alkaloids, aspergin.

Historical uses: Yarrow was found among other

medicinal herbs in a Neanderthal burial site in Iraq that dates to around 60,000 B.C., and it has become famous in herbal medicine as one of the earliest indications of human’s use of medicinal plants. Widely used by Native American tribes across the continent.

Medicinal uses: Treats wounds, colds, fevers, high

blood pressure, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, stimulating digestion, urinary tract infections, urinary incontinence.

Preparation: The plant is harvested and used in several ways, including poultices applied externally and ointments, but the consumption of the herb in a tea is most common in traditional settings. Side effects and toxicity: People who take yarrow might occasionally develop an allergy or rash.

PREPARATION: Fresh juice, tea, tincture, in baths for

skin irritations, infused oil topically, and compress. Most medicinal herbs are commercially available in multiple forms. Harvesting your own is not necessary, but many find the practice of wildcrafting to be a way to connect with the earth. Remember: leave no trace.

This article does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement, but rather indicates how these herbs are commonly used. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not ingest these herbs.

58/mar. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

CREATIVE COMMONS/JERRY KIRKHART


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BEHIND THE STRAIN

Drop me a line

thegreengardengroup@gmail.com

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LEMON FIZZ F2 BAG APPEAL & SMOKE REPORT This plant is a yielder.

These samples are picked from much larger flowers but both are full of triches and carry with them the classic hazy look, but with neater and more even, densely packed spear-shaped flowers. The terps are strong and piercing for both phenos. They carry an odor of lemon rind with a mild but distinct chem and kush background to what came to be my personal favorite — that delivers a stinging, acrid and tangy lemon drop candy terp profile. This pheno carries through on flavor immediately, delivering a lip-smacking sweet pink lemonade flavor with an unmistakable haze backing that reminds me of the Super Lemon Haze from the mid-1990s. The other pheno, still a keeper by every standard, is much more reminiscent of the best Super Lemon Haze today, which is rightfully decorated many times over. The cool, soft lemon blossom and tart rind taste paves the way for a surprising lemony kushflavored exhale.

HOW IT GROWS The f2 selection shows through brightly with a dominant number of

BY OREGON LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCANDERSON

The cool, soft lemon blossom and tart rind taste paves the way for a surprising lemony kush-flavored exhale.

LINEAGE

With the intention of bringing a special Super Lemon Haze to seed form, the breeders at Calyx Brothers have succeeded and then some. After carefully selecting through the f irst f ilial generation (f1’s), head breeder Kakalak selected a pairing that surpassed all expectations and created one of my favorite sativas ever featured.

GENETICS: SUPER LEMON HAZE X KAKALAK KUSH [(ABUSIVE KUSH X SOUR D) X (CHEM D X SOUR D)]

BREEDER: CALYX BROTHERS FLOWER TIME: 72-80 DAYS

62/mar. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

females and only two phenotypes in the lot of nine. Both are excellent and made it to production in my gardens. Both phenos are hearty starters that root quickly and easily. From there, you can immediately see the divergence in the growth pattern. One takes after the Super Lemon Haze structure with medium to tall internodes and noticeable vertical growth tendencies. The other is clearly influenced by a shorter, branchier Kakalak kush. While this pheno is a bit slower to generate a root ball, she responds extremely well to topping, growing into a nearly perfectly shaped bush with just a topping or two. The other pheno is much more indicative of a hazy growth pattern, but it’s considerably toned down from the Kakalak Kush. That makes her a much more manageable plant that’s suitable for a range of growing abilities. Both plants enjoy high amounts of nitrogen and calcium early on in flower, as most longer-running strains do. If you had any trouble distinguishing the phenos in veg, there is no mistake in flower. While the Kakalak Kush-dominant pheno stays shorter and bushier, stretching only to improve her structure and make bud sites more evenly spaced, the Super Lemon Haze-dominant pheno stretches massively, doubling in size quickly. This pheno will require more skill in height mitigation, although she brings with her height some chunky stems that respond well to low stress training, super cropping and the like.

EFFECTS Lemon Fizz f2 delivers a crazy potent soaring sativa effect. When you need to get up and go, the Lemon Fizz doesn’t let you down. Creative, eye opening, inspiring. Taking bong tokes of Lemon Fizz f2 reminds me of the York Peppermint Pattie commercials. Real breeding and selection comes with this plant, making it easy to find the one pheno you’re looking for. This plant all but replaces one of my favorites — the Super Lemon Haze — and is sure to be a hit among lemon lovers.


UT AND ABOUT The O.penVAPE is a sleek, subtle, vaporizing pen that uses disposable CO2 Honey Oil cartridges. It has a small form factor and is capped with a stylus, making it both unobtrusive and versatile.

COLO R CO D E D M O U T H P I EC E H YB RI D SAT I VA IND IC A

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Oregon Leaf - March 2015  

Check out the inside info on 17 top strains, plus, reviews from dispensaries in Eugene and Portland, national news from around the country,...

Oregon Leaf - March 2015  

Check out the inside info on 17 top strains, plus, reviews from dispensaries in Eugene and Portland, national news from around the country,...