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keeping oregon sustainable Opinion 16
budtender of the month Feature 20 Battling lupus through cannabis Profile 22 st. potrick’s day desserts to try Recipes 58 portland’s botanical laboratories Concentrates 66
ISSUE 45 42
unique nw glass art Glass 70
Greenhouses at Cascade High in Washington County, Oregon
SUSTAINABILITY SPECIAL ISSUE | PG. 40-55
This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.
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Explore how Oregon Cannabis businesses are looking to the future...
20 BUDTENDER Alternative Remedies’ Joshua Bostick
Portland’s Botanical Laboratories
SUSTAINABILITY WHERE’S MY BIKE STRAIN GROWING AT FAR OUT FARMS IN CLOVERDALE, OREGON | PHOTO BY NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
STONER OWNER Pakalolo’s Justin Riggs 11 12 16 20 22 24 28 32 36 40 41 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 58 62 64 66 70
EDITOR’S NOTE NATIONAL NEWS SUSTAINABLE OREGON BUDTENDER OF THE MONTH PATIENT PROFILE DENNIS PERON TRIBUTE HIGH QUALITY COMPASSION REVIEW AMERICANNARX REVIEW STRAIN OF THE MONTH THE SUSTAINABILITY ISSUE ECO FIRMA FARMS CASCADE HIGH FAR OUT FARMS EVERGREEN GROWERS SUPPLY DRAGONFLY EARTH MEDICINE MORIAH LACHAPELL RESOURCE INNOVATION INSTITUTE STONER OWNER JUSTIN RIGGS TASTY RECIPES CROP CIRCLE CHOCOLATE CONCENTRATE OF THE MONTH BOTANICAL LABORATORIES PROFILE GLASS ART SPOTLIGHT
ON THE COVER Cascade High in Washington County Photo by Daniel Berman BACK ISSUES/WASH.//ALASKA
CBD, effective sans euphoric.
CBDâ€™s effectiveness in treating various symptoms sans the intoxicating effects has not gone unnoticed. The therapeutic phenomenon of
cannabis, au naturel.
cannabis, arguably the most natural medicine on our little green planet, is now more believable than ever. Not that weâ€™re preaching. Au contraire, we practice purity, clarity, and complete transparency. Keep out of the reach of children. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of cannabis.
Produced with love in Portland by sweetcannabis.com
St. Potrickâ€™s Day Treats
TASTY RECIPES By Laurie Wolf | Photos by Bruce Wolf
the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.
MAR. 2018 ISSUE #45
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Department of Corrections
A caption in our Tattoos That Toke feature of The Lifestyle Issue misidentified the couple in a photo showing tattoos across their wrists: they are Lori Duckworth & Russ Belville.
are working for a lasting future for the Cannabis industry.
For me, the word sustainability means a healthy marketplace as much as it means reducing the carbon footprint of the Cannabis world. Oregon is a perfect example of a market that does a lot of things right, but is struggling with supply and demand on a massive scale. Long have growers used the sun and the natural outdoor environment to have low cost, low carbon output gardens. But they also grow a lot of Cannabis, and there’s too much of it on the market. The current growth in Oregon, whether on the producer, processor or retail end is not currently sustainable based on demand and population, and it’s a scary place to be. Will the free market eventually correct itself? Yes, but there’s going to be a lot of blood and tears along the way. Here at the Leaf, we want to fight to see everyone succeed, but with the current economics of pot, failure is imminent. Our biggest goal for the future of the Oregon marketplace is to find a balance, between craft and quality, small and large agricultural scale, in a form that benefits businesses and consumers. I hope you enjoy this Sustainability issue, and all that it represents! Each company we feature has risked investment, energy and time to make a brand or product they hope is sustainable. Just as we, here at the magazine, have spent our time working to find advertisers and supporters to make our model sustainable. It is an honor to publish the Leaf each month and serve this amazing emerging industry, and I want to thank everyone who reads, advertises or supports our model of free Cannabis journalism. Together we can help to make the industry, and world, a better place.
EACH COMPANY WE FEATURE HAS RISKED INVESTMENT, ENERGY AND TIME TO MAKE A BRAND OR PRODUCT THEY HOPE IS SUSTAINABLE.
—Wes Abney mar. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.
U.S. Attorney says Oregon produces 3 times more weed than it can legally consume Alaska’s Marijuana Tax Revenue Reaches $4.5 Million for 2018
Now that Attorney General Jeff Sessions has given more discretion to U.S. attorneys when it comes to marijuana enforcement, some of them are making worrisome statements. Take U.S. Attorney Billy Williams of Oregon, who is now saying Oregon’s Cannabis industry has a “massive” overproduction problem. Williams in February told a summit of law enforcement and Cannabis industry representatives that he wants to do something about the amount of Oregon weed that ends up on the black market. The state produces about three times more pot than can legally be consumed, according to former Oregon State University Professor Seth Crawford. “Make no mistake about it, we are going to do something about it,” Williams said during the summit. The summit was called due to Sessions rescinding Obama-era guidance that adopted a hands-off policy for federal enforcement in states that have legalized Cannabis. “Here’s what I know in terms of the landscape here in Oregon, and that is, we have an identifiable and formidable marijuana overproduction and diversion problem,” Williams said. Williams, in an editorial written for The Oregonian, wrote 16 states had reported Cannabis seizures from Oregon. According to Williams, 2,644 pounds of marijuana in outbound parcels was seized by Oregon postal agents in 2017.
WE HAVE AN IDENTIFIABLE AND FORMIDABLE MARIJUANA OVERPRODUCTION AND DIVERSION PROBLEM.
Bill Introduced in ALASKA To Seal Past Cannabis Convictions Senator Tom Begich introduced a bill, SB 184, to seal the convictions of past marijuana possession offenders in Alaska. The bill prohibits the release of past records
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The state of Alaska collected more than $4.5 million in marijuana tax collections in almost six months of fiscal year 2018, according to the Alaska Department of Revenue. This number is almost three times higher than collections for the entire fiscal year 2017. Taxes are levied at $50 for every ounce of flower, and $15 for every ounce of trim. From July to December 2017, cultivators paid hundreds of thousands of dollars in excise tax every month. The number of total tax revenue reached $953,591 in October. After the state started collecting Cannabis tax in October 2016, the total revenue for fiscal year 2017 came to $1.7 million. When Alaska first started collecting marijuana taxes, there were only four taxpayers affected in the state. By the end of fiscal year 2017, that number had grown to 44. There are now 82 cultivators in Alaska who work with retailers. More than 50 license applications are pending review by the Alaska Alcohol and Marijuana Control Office.
for any Cannabis offense that is no longer defined as a crime under Alaska law. Its intent is to reduce barriers to employment who have been convicted for low-level possession that would today be legal. Those with criminal marijuana convictions often are denied opportunities in the workplace and elsewhere. “We should not continue to punish individuals whose actions are no longer defined as criminal under Alaska’s state law,” commented Alaska National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Legalization (NORML).
Willie Nelson’s Cannabis Empire Raises $12 Million and Enters California Not only is 84-year-old Willie Nelson still outdoors “by independent farmers in in the music business, his Cannabis states where Cannabis is legal,” according brand is a big hit, too. Nelson’s Cannabis to the company. company, Willie’s Reserve, just raised “I’m glad a lot of these guys can come $12 million to fund expansion. His brand out of the shadows, back into the sunlight,” of weed plans to enter the Nelson said. “Cannabis California market this year. is creating some good CANNABIS “Willie has been a opportunities for American IS CREATING defender of cannabis and farmers.” SOME GOOD people’s individual rights Willie’s Reserve will be for pretty much as long as OPPORTUNITIES releasing new products in he’s been making music,” Al FOR AMERICAN February, including strains Foreman said, a partner at of packaged flower and FARMERS. Tuatara Capital, an investor. ready-rolls in a variety of Amidst the excitement over California “terpene-rich strains.” Nelson’s wife, rolling out retail sales, Willie’s brand Annie, will also expand her product line, plans to launch a new product line Annie’s Edibles. The brand’s wholesourced from earth-friendly, sun-grown plant infused chocolates will reach retail marijuana. The craft Cannabis is grown outlets for the first time in Colorado.
“THERE WAS NO REASON WHY HE SHOULD HAVE ENDURED SEVEN YEARS OF PRETRIAL INCARCERATION FOR A ONE-WEEK TRIAL. THINGS LIKE THIS AREN’T SUPPOSED TO HAPPEN.” — ATTORNEY GARY STEIN, on the U.S. Appeals Court’s handling of Joseph Tigano’s case. The man waited 7 years in jail for trial.
Quick Hits! $4.5 million collected in marijuana tax by the state of Alaska in the first half of 2018 fiscal years. This number is almost three times higher than collections for the entire 2017 fiscal year.
the average retail price for a gram of recreational marijuana in Oregon, compared to $10 a few months ago.
pounds of marijuana in outbound parcels was seized by Oregon postal agents in 2017.
mar. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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HOW SUSTAINABLE IS OREGON'S RAPIDLY CHANGING, SHAPE-SHIFTING MEDICAL MARIJUANA PROGRAM? By MATTHEW MEYERS
ustainability plays a large role in the evolving image of Oregon. An important part of sustainability is self-sufficiency. Oregon’s medical Cannabis system was built on a foundation of patients helping patients. Because of this, Oregon Medical Marijuana Program (OMMP) patients are no strangers to self-sufficiency.
tient is their own grower living at the grow site that allows a licensed medical processor to process material and return it to the patient for a reasonable fee. As long as the processor recorded the patient’s information, I don’t see any problem in allowing processors to extract a patient’s medicine directly assuming they give it all back or nothing is sold. Also lets not forget EVERYONE in Oregon can grow 4 plants now and that IS NOT tracked by a C.T.S. Medical patients are limited to 6 plants each One way a patient can help another is by processand now somehow we all have to be watched like ing material from their medical garden into hashes criminals while ANY Oregonian gets to blow up or extracts to enhance and tailor the medicinal valtheir 4 recreational plants without scrutiny. ue of the plant to each patient’s specific need. We also cannot forget that medical sales are the But a new requirement for medical Cannabis to only cannabis sales in the state that get reported; be tracked by a seed to sale system, could severecomparatively since Gov. Browns action it’s illegal ly limit these fundamental patient rights. Patients to keep records of Recreational sales. I think this are not required to report on the tracking system perspective is important! With prices as low as they if they are cultivating their own medicine in their are currently it’s just as possible for someone to own residence. However you are not unable to leabuse the Recreational system to funnel product to gally have a medial processor convert your medithe black market as it is for a patient. At the very cine into a more useful form unless you opt into least we need equality, I won’t the new tracking system be treated like a criminal requirements. AN IMPORTANT NEW FEDERAL BILL ON THE RADAR because I decided to choose I’m under the assumpnatural medicine. tion the state authoriWOULD MAKE COLE MEMO PROTECTIONS CLEAR The new Oregon Lities made these changes AND PERMANENT. THIS MEMO FROM THE DEPARTMENT quor Control Commission to comply with federal (OLCC) medical bumpOF JUSTICE EMPHASIZED THAT STATES WITH LEGAL laws and pressure, not to up program allows OLCC purposefully spite indeCANNABIS PROGRAMS SHOULD NOT FACE growers to expand their canpendent patients, but the FEDERAL INTERFERENCE. opy to produce Cannabis effect is still limiting on for medical patients free of patient rights all the same. charge. The patient receives 75 percent of the yield Yes, there are alternative access points now but the and 25 percent can be sold by the producer. But will cost is generally too high for lower-income patients. there be enough interest in the program for it to be Plus, let’s not forget the reason for this is pressure sustainable? from the feds to stop leakage across state lines—a One great solution for the current OLCC marproblem our leaders could remedy through a shift ket surplus would be to give medicine to patients, from their current draconian drug policy. I think otherwise it will be retested and again put into the there should be an exception. Just like when a pa-
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already crowded market. We need to start thinking of solutions for this surplus. Another answer would be to allow product to be transferred through Metrc to another legal recreational state such as Nevada or California. Again, a federal issue. The sustainability of both the adult use and medical markets in Oregon depends on federal change. An important new federal bill on the radar would make Cole Memo protections clear and permanent. This memo from the Department of Justice emphasized that states with legal cannabis programs should not face federal interference. With Cole Memo protections rescinded by Sessions, the pressure is now on lawmakers to find a solution. Cannabis will bring voters together because it’s the logical choice in this bumpy economy, and it eases the load on our already troubled healthcare and judicial systems. Reps. Lou Correa (D-CA) and Matt Gaetz (RFL) could not have picked better time to introduce The Sensible Enforcement of Cannabis Act. We need these and further protections more than ever. Please take the time to reach out to your local representatives and let them know this is a bill you want to see become law. I think we are all awakening to how important our political process is, regardless of what taste it leaves in your mouth. If we don’t show up to the polls and make some phone calls we won’t be taken seriously by our elected officials. If you are feeling nervous to call, or don’t know what to say, just call and tell them, “This is my first time calling to voice my opinion but I had to say something.” Make sure you mention you are a constituent and name the legislation you’re calling about. Be polite, but firm and clear. Matthew Meyers is a Cannabis journalist, activist and frequent contributor to Oregon Leaf, based in Hood River.
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OREGON IS FACING A GLUT OF MARIJUANA ON THE MARKET - WHAT'S A STATE TO DO?
By WES ABNEY
versupply threatens the sustainability of the Cannabis industry in this state. It has implications for future regulations nationally, as the Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) decides what to do with a problem most would welcome. What do you do when you have too much Cannabis?
The economics of pot have always been skewed by the illegality of the product. Risk equals reward, and the Black market price of pot has always been in the thousands of dollars per pound. In the decade of the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program (OMMP), Cannabis retained a higher value as growers shifted toward craft and medical values. Fast forward to a recreational market driven primarily by profit and scale, and it has become a recipe for disaster. The price of Cannabis per pound sold between producers and processors has hit an historic low point in 2018 of $50 per pound, with tested and trimmed pounds fetching as little as $400 from licensed retailers. Simply put, there is very little to no profit to be made at those price points. It has already began putting farms out of business. Oversupply starts at the bottom, with plants in the dirt. Oregon has 906 licensed and operat-
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ing to the East Coast in flat-rate boxes and U-Haul ing producers according to the OLCC website, vans. It created an economic bubble among growwith 858 more pending approval at time of print. ers, which transitioned into a rush of licenses in Current statewide Cannabis inventory is tracked the recreational market. When the switchover to in Metrc, the seed-to-sale tracking system, which recreational created a temporary market restriction shows three times as much Cannabis as was conand prices fluctuated artificially high in 2016, it sumed by the entire state in 2017. threw fuel on an already raging fire of high hopes. But the problem extends beyond an excessive Oregon has the most competitive and saturated amount to smoke—there’s no way for this pot to be marketplace for producers, processors and retailers sold in the legal market, at sustainable prices, and in the world. Oversaturation is driving the price the glut threatens to disrupt the entire economic of products to unsustainable levels, and the abunbalance of Cannabis. dance of retailers will lead to a failure rate more Not only is there too much pot, there are too typical of restaurants than pot shops. many dispensaries due to the unlimited license There is no easy answer. As Cannabis in general structure of the market. Portland has four times as is still being produced and sold like an illegal commany recreational dispensaries as Seattle, which has modity, not an agricultural mass produced product, 1.3 million more people in metro population. that shift is coming extremely quickly. Should the The situation is even more drastic in towns such state limit canopy space like Washington, adjustas Eugene, which has more than 50 operating dising based on demand? pensaries on Weedmaps alone with population of Should retailers be allowed to open and close as only 166,565 people. But it gets worse, with roughthey start and fail, without a limit on number? Will ly 30 licenses still pending in the college town for the market correct itself, as a dispensaries. natural flow of growth and So, what is a state to OREGON HAS THE MOST COMPETITIVE AND SATURATED constriction squeezes the do with too much pot industry until it naturally to sell, and too many MARKETPLACE FOR PRODUCERS, PROCESSORS AND the right saturation of dispensaries not seeing RETAILERS IN THE WORLD. OVERSATURATION IS DRIVING hits producers and retailers? Or enough revenue? Either THE PRICE OF PRODUCTS TO UNSUSTAINABLE LEVELS should the state step in and regulate, or turn a blind allocate licenses based on eye. Oregon US Attorney population, a situation that led New Jersey to liBilly Williams held a meeting with prosecutors, cense no more dispensaries than Taco Bell’s? regulators and industry stakeholders to address the The answer is yes, to all or some of the above. “massive marijuana overproduction problem,” that Which is the best way? That’s not for us to say. But is leading to diversion and other criminal activity we are willing to help with the oversupply problem in the Oregon Cannabis market. There is no easy in a more direct way, one toke at a time. solution to this problem. Diversion is what made Oregon’s Black market and diversion portion of the medical market We welcome reader submissions and story ideas. sustainable pre-legalization. There was always too Please send unpublished writing and opinions to much weed being grown, but the excess was headOregon Leaf for consideration | NWLeaf@gmail.com
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Each month, the Oregon Leaf crew meets to select one special budtender that stands out above the rest! Tell us who you think should be the next Oregon Leaf Budtender of the Month and why they deserve it!
“For me, the best part is when someone is a bit skeptical, only to find them coming back into the shop to tell us how the product has helped them personally.”
HOW DO YOU HELP CUSTOMERS FIND THE BEST CANNABIS OR PRODUCTS FOR THEM? I typically have two questions for customers: What do you want out of your high? And what do you plan on trying to do while consuming the product? After that, it’s just knowing how to show them how to find what they want. In my opinion—the nose always knows.
FIRST CANNABIS EXPERIENCE?
DO YOU PUT MUCH FAITH IN THC OR CBD PERCENTAGES TO CONVEY A STRAIN’S EFFECTS?
My first time was when I was just 12 years old. I actually bought it! I then went to my brother’s house, acted like I’d been doing it for years, meaning I ignored all instructions and advice, and promptly ruined the bowl. My brother made me then sit out the next full bowl before I could try it again. After seeing him do it, I finally inhaled correctly and I was in love.
It is a start, and a decent guideline for your THC to CBD ratio. If one were to list and explain all the terpene and cannabinoid profiles the average customer, it might become overwhelming. With more public knowledge, this may change. There are no absolutes in life, and that’s true for Cannabis, too, so I don’t live by the numbers.
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN PART OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY AND WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE ASPECT OF THE JOB? I started in early 2017, after 20 years in the construction—my knowledge was very limited. Budtending changed my world dramatically. I learned the difference between strains, phenotypes and how each strain is different beyond just aesthetics and taste. I was amazed learning about all of the different aspects, effects and benefits of each product. I applied that knowledge to start connecting people to what would help them best. For me, the best part is when someone is a bit skeptical, only to find them coming back into the shop to tell us how the product has helped them personally.
HOW DO YOU LIKE TO CONSUME CANNABIS? I enjoy a hefty dab or a really fat joint. However, if it’s something extra special, hash or flower, I’ve been waiting for, I’ll low temp rosin press it for a very tasty dab.
WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR FAVORITE CANNABIS STRAINS AND EFFECTS? It might sound tacky but it really all depends on what I’m about to do, or where my head is at. Trainwreck will always hold the number one spot for me. Right now, I’m liking our Frisco OG for my focus and energy. ALTERNATIVE REMEDIES Golden Ticket, if 8109 SE Flavel St, Portland grown correctly, is Alt-Remedies.com the perfect flavor. (503) 477-4203 I like to finish my day off with something heavy like Death Star or OG 18. I tend to gravitate to something a little heavier in limonene and/or myrcene.
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“There are no absolutes in life, and that’s true for Cannabis, too, so I don’t live by the numbers.”
WHAT DIFFERENTIATES THIS SHOP’S APPROACH TO CUSTOMER SERVICE?
We view Cannabis as true medicine and take the time to help each individual person find the right product for the right situation. And we pride ourselves on doing it because we want to and because we love it too. Making you happy makes us happy.
budtender of the month
Alternative Remedies is a destination shop in the Portland Cannabis scene. The shop is headquartered on the outskirts of southeast Portland off of 82nd Avenue, making it a bit of a trek for close-in residents. But this shop demands the trip. For one, Alternative Remedies is one of the few shops to have an in-house production facility connected to the retail store. It’s one of the only places in Portland where you’ll find a gorgeous solventless hash bar—laid out with mineral and Cannabis crystals. Joshua has been with the store for a long time and is able to recommend the best functioning flower or product based on the user’s needs. He is a pleasure to deal with and we hope you’ll experience that.
ALTERNATIVE REMEDIES HAS SOMETHING MOST SHOPS DO NOT: A HASH BAR. HOW TO YOU KEEP TRACK OF SO MANY DIFFERENT TYPES OF HASH? I research every drop of what we carry and any other types that I can find. This research is combined with talking to customers and hearing their testimonials. I love to talk and learn about anything that piques my interest, which hash most definitely does. I’ve found if it’s a true passion in your life, learning comes easy.
DO YOU ALSO MAKE HASH, OR GROW? I do make a little hash from time to time. Mine is not as spectacular as what we offer in the shop, so I leave it to the professionals.
WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR HOBBIES AND INTERESTS OUTSIDE THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY? Besides playing, teaching or doing just about anything with my two kids, l love basketball. Not just the Blazers, which are my team through and through, but I enjoy all of it. I love watching any team playing well and trying to call out plays before they happen. I’m an NBA trivia buff!
Thepacerstacktrain@gmail.com Instagram: @ThePacerStackTrain
By SIMONE FISCHER | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
BATTLING AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES THROUGH THE POWER OF CANNABIS Fed up with the pill and opioid epidemic in her native Florida, Nina relocated to Oregon to become an official OMMP patient and resident. She uses Cannabis to treat systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and fibromyalgia, autoimmune diseases which cause a great deal of chronic pain and inflammation, so far without a complete cure.
2005, Nina Renee Veysey was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Veysey was experiencing chronic pain due to her immune system attacking itself causing inflammation and skin irritation. Only four years later, Veysey was also diagnosed with fibromyalgia in 2009. She visited Portland for vacation in 2013. Eleven months later she was an official Oregon resident and became a patient shortly after. Veysey moved from sunny Florida to Oregon in order to dramatically change her health. “I was on steroids for ten years before I started using full-extract Cannabis oil. I only experienced temporary relief with steroids and pills, plus it takes a few days to build up and work, so you’re still in pain most of the time. Compared to cannabis, where relief happens almost instantly. It’s a headache dealing with pharmaceuticals, and the prescriptions only cause other issues and side effects.” She said the stress of constantly dealing with multiple autoimmune diseases—all while raising children—was a major source of her flare-ups. Once her children grew up, she could focus on her health and self care. “Both diet and Cannabis have played a huge role in my recovery. I didn’t only move out here for the good weed and Cannabis oil, but also the food and lifestyle. When I eat organic Oregon-grown fruits and veggies, I started feeling so much better. I didn’t have access to what we have here in Florida,” Veysey said. Diet plays a pivotal role in recovery and general maintenance and function when dealing with an autoimmune disease. A poor diet consisting of refined sugars and carbohydrates only invites pain and inflammation into the body, especially when dealing with chronic illness.
How she uses Cannabis “First, I start out with a 1:1 (THC to CBD) dose of full-extract Cannabis oil in morning and medicate with dabs throughout the day. At night it’s a heavy, sedating strain of full-extract Cannabis oil before I go to bed so I can sleep through the night. Basically, I use full-extract oil for long-term pain control and dabs when I need immediate relief. I am a big fan of CBD dabs to control inflammation during flare-ups. My favorite CBD strain to dab is Critical Mass. I also enjoy Frank’s Gift and Pennywise
22/MAR. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
NINA RENEE VEYSEY
CBD varieties. When it comes to THC, I love my pendence. I work for Doghouse Farms and I am Dawgwalker and Scooby Snacks from Doghouse lucky to have understanding employers. During Farms when I need pain relief,” Veysey said. lupus flares, they give me the time I need. No Full-extract oil is a common go-to for patients guilt trips or drama,” Veysey said. dealing with chronic disMany of the patients I ineases. For those who don’t terview often end up work“Topicals with THCA work best when wish to consume Cannabis ing in the Cannabis industrying to control my lupus flare-ups... through combustion, Veytry because their Cannabis sey recommends using topconsumption isn’t frowned I can put salve directly on icals like Golden Organics upon. Access to a decent, my joints where it’s hurting.” with THCA oil. livable wage often requires “Topicals with THCA work a drug screening which best when trying to control my lupus flare-ups. I puts patients in a serious bind between chooslike topical salves over the transdermal patches, ing their health or their livelihoods. because I can put salve directly on my joints where “I know a lot of lupus patients feel like there it’s hurting. I used to use topical for fibromyalgia is no hope because you have to take all these back when I would be sore to the touch. Since medications all the time. Plus, you’re dealing I started using Cannabis oil, my fibromyalgia is with other symptoms from the medications so it almost non-existent. However, I still routinely deal gets really stressful,” Veysey said. with lupus.” “I suggest [people] do their own research and Not only has Oregon-grown Cannabis and give Cannabis a try. It might not work for everyproduce reinvigorated Veysey’s health, but it also one, but I know people with lupus and fibromygave her career options. algia might find relief in Cannabis as a natural “A job in Cannabis helps me reclaim my indetreatment option.”
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10735 NE HALSEY ST. PORTLAND I (971) 803-7172 I MON-SUN 7:45 AM-10 PM I @SHOPPARADISEFOUND While Supplies Last. For adults 21+. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. Keep marijuana out of the reach of children.
By PACER STACKTRAIN for OREGON LEAF
Column #. 32
Highlighting amazing Cannabis pioneers who helped pave the way to greater herbal acceptance.
DENNIS PERON (1946-2018)
What they’re trying to do is separate us by saying there’s people having fun and THEN there’s people medicating. But people who use marijuana don’t get ‘high,’ they get normal.
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The modern medical Cannabis movement lost one of its greatest champions when Dennis Peron passed away. It’s safe to say that without his efforts, the current heyday we’re experiencing wouldn’t be possible. Peron worked tirelessly to normalize and legalize the plant. Peron was born in New York, but after serving in the military, he attended San Francisco City College on the G.I. bill. On the side, he sold Cannabis. Eventually, Cannabis became more than a hobby for Peron, who started to recognize the non-recreational benefits to the plant. Around this time, he became friends with activists such as Harvey Milk, the future mayor of San Francisco, and longtime Cannabis advocate Jack Herer. In the late 1970s he started selling Cannabis clandestinely in an actual storefront out of what was known as the San Francisco Cannabis Buyers Club. By 1991, he’d founded it as the first public Cannabis dispensary—all this at the height of the U.S. Drug War in California. Peron was a true medical Cannabis crusader, a person that fought for its palliative usage—and he did not accept any recreational value in Cannabis, saying that anyone using it was using it as medicine. “They’re trying to shift it from medical to recreational. I personally don’t even know what ‘recreational’ marijuana is. There is no recreational marijuana. They made it up,” Peron said. What they’re trying to do is separate us by saying there’s people having fun and there’s people medicating. But people who use marijuana don’t get high, they get normal. PERON WAS A TRUE MEDICAL CANNABIS CRUSADER, The government is trying to say that A PERSON THAT FOUGHT FOR ITS PALLIATIVE USAGE, people are getting high. They’re to demonize these people SAYING THAT ALL WHO USED IT DID SO MEDICINALLY. trying because they’re having fun.” For Peron, the main medical reason his patients came to the club were symptoms related to AIDS. But over time, more patients with an array of other diseases joined the fold. Peron responded to the change he saw in the individuals he treated with a lifetime of activism—eventually culminating in a run for governor of California. Soon after his Cannabis Buyers Club was closed by a state judge in 1998, Peron retired to a farm in the community of Clear Lake, just north of San Francisco. From there, until the end of his life, he grew—and gave away Cannabis to those in need of it for medicinal purposes. Peron was an active opponent of Proposition 64—the legislation that legalized recreational use of Cannabis. He argued that it would hurt small farmers, in favor of big business. “It’s a culture war. Marijuana has always been the symbol of our culture,” he said. Some time after moving to the farm, Peron’s health started to deteriorate, likely due to the Agent Orange he was given in the Vietnam War. At age 72, he died of lung cancer in California on Jan. 27. “No person is more responsible for the legalization of medical marijuana than Dennis,” Dale Gieringer, state coordinator of California National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) said. May he rest in peace.
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Salemâ€™s Finest Bud Bar & Dab Bar
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Coupon must be presented and surrendered at the time of purchase. Cannot be redeemed for cash or used to purchase Herbal Remedies gift cards. Reproductions of coupon will not be accepted. Valid only at Herbal Remedies South (3940 Commercial St Se, Salem, OR). Cannot be combined with any other offer or discount. Other restrictions may apply. See store for details.
503-385-1010 3940 Commercial St Se Salem, OR
Delivery Coming Soon HerbalRemedies503@gmail.com
REVIEW by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
High Quality Compassion
From the moment you walk in, you're greeted with a friendly smile in a clean and inviting environment. HIGH QUALITY COMPASSION
1300 NW 9th St, Corvallis 9a-9:45p Mon.-Sat. 9a-7p Sun. www.HighQuality.Life (541) 286-4771
Strains 4/5 THE TEAM at High Quality Compassion has done a great job supporting local farmers while also sourcing top growers from across the state. We saw flowers from Million Elephants Co., TreeFrog Farms, TJ’s Organic Gardens, Resin Ranchers and more. High Quality Compassion offers almost 40 strains on the shelf, making it essentially impossible to leave without finding something that fits your taste.
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Edibles 4/5 HIGH QUALITY COMPASSION carries
a wide variety of edibles from top producers such as Peak Extracts, Lunchbox Alchemy and Wyld. The shop carried an above average selection of medical grade products, which is a refreshing sight for Oregon Medical Marijuana Program (OMMP) patients.
Concentrates 3/5 THE CONCENTRATES SELECTION at High Quality
Compassion is definitely vape-heavy. The shop carries a hefty assortment of cartridges, from basic to elite and ranges from CO2 to Butane Hash Oil (BHO) to distillate. While they are certainly cartridge-heavy, they still offered a decent selection of dabbable products as well. Willamette Valley Alchemy, White Label Extracts and The CO2 Company all have large portions of shelf space.
CANNATONIC SOFRESH FARMS
Cannatonic, bred by Resin Seeds,
is a cross between the legendary Sour ar o ma Diesel and Reina Madre, a relatively unknown descendent of an African d en s it y landrace sativa. This particular example cu r e from SoFresh Farms has l o o ks above average CBD content, f l avo r THC even though the strain is ef f ect known for being a low THC, t otal 26/30 high CBD cultivar. A longtime staple in the SoFresh gardens, this strain has dialed in CBD and it smokes clean with a near white ash and minimal test results by mrx Labs lung expansion. ($18/g with tax)
TANGERINE CRYSTAL PHARM ORGANICS
Tangerine from Crystal Pharm Organics
is undoubtedly a phenotype of the well-known Tangie strain. It wallops you a r o ma den si t y in the nostrils with a pungent orange funk and which translates cure nicely to the palate on the lo o ks THC smoke. This particular f lavo r sample had fairly expansive ef f ec t smoke, making smaller CBD airier puffs off my joint more t ota l 25/30 preferable; anymore and the desire to cough juPITER aNALYTICS becomes apparent. Half of a gram joint puts me in a mellowed state while leaving my mind clear enough to continue working late into the night. ($14/g with tax)
Environment 5/5 THE CUSTOMER SERVICE here is next
level. From the moment you walk in, you’re greeted with a friendly smile in a clean and inviting environment. High Quality Compassion utilizes all LED lighting and a majority of the buildout is reused materials obtained locally. The store owns up to its name and is, without a doubt, high quality.
Overall 16/20 High Quality Compassion is not to miss if you’re in Corvallis and need to stock up. They have been serving customers since 2014 and have been doing so with a smile since day one. This store truly outperforms 99 percent of the industry as far as overall retail experience. It is abundantly apparent how happy everyone is to be working there, which is exactly how it should be selling legal weed.
MAR. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
NOW SERVING OREGON ORGANABISFARMS@GMAIL.COM WWW.ORGANABISFARMS.COM CALL TO ORDER (503) 302-2020
For a happy, healthy body, ask for Green Leaf Lab Tested products at your local dispensary. greenleaflab.org
We test the best.
P: (503) 253-3511
OREGON'S FAVORITE JOINT @TKO.ReserveÂ @TKO.Oregon
Ask for Kingpins at your local dispensary
REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
The selection is incredibly vast, with more than 40 strains on the shelf at multiple price points. AmeriCannaRx
8654 NE Sandy Blvd, Portland AmeriCannaRx.com Open 8a-10p daily (971) 254-4581
Strains 5/5 AMERICANNARx has been a dispensary since the early days of medical Cannabis in Oregon. It was one of the first shops to be open 24 hours. Now it is a fully licensed recreational dispensary serving anyone over the age of 21. The selection at AmeriCannaRX is incredibly vast, with more than 40 strains on the shelf at multiple price points. Vendors such as TKO Reserve, OG Cannabis, Fox Hollow Flora and Cultivated industries all had flower showcased here.
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Edibles 4/5 THE EDIBLE SELECTION isn’t quite as
large as the flower and oil offerings. Blaze, Delta 9, The Oregon Candy Farm, Drip and Peak Extracts were among the producers. Prices range from $3 to $25 per edible before tax. It would be nice though to see options that aren’t loaded with sugar. Edibles don’t have to be so sweet.
Concentrates 5/5 THIS SHOP has one of the most extensive
concentrate selections in the state. The good majority of Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) licensed processors can be found on AmeriCannaRx’s shelves. Producers such as WVA, OG Cannabis, White Label Extracts, Permaculture Solutions and Dr. Jolly’s, to name a few. Prices range from $15 to $60 before tax, ensuring something for everyone’s price point.
PEANUT BUTTER BREATH
GREASE MONKEY DIAMONDS
LEFT COAST FARMS
WILLAMETTE VALLEY ALCHEMY
Bred by Thug Pug Genetics,
Peanut Butter Breath is a cross of aro ma Do Si Dos and Mendo Breath F2. This strain has a unique peanut butter d en s it y forward terpene profile and dense cu r e trichome packed buds. A grinder is l o o ks needed to break down nugs for bowls f l avo r or joints. The taste is pretty similar to ef f ect the smell with hints of peanut butter, t otal 26/30 licorice and cream coming through on the inhale. The smoke was super smooth THC and each joint lasted longer than usual as the cure was properly executed. Minutes after smoking the first joint I felt incredibly relaxed, lethargic and sleepy. Peanut Breath is a great option for consumers looking CBD Butter to relieve insomnia, chronic pain and anxiety with test results 3b analytical predominantly sedative effects. ($12/g with tax)
Environment 4/5 AMERICANNARx has made many
improvements to its layout. The medicine room is more spacious and features new point of sale stations that allow large rushes to be handled with ease. Parking space could be improved, as there is a small lot that fills quickly and some street parking on a busy NE Sandy Boulevard.
Grease Monkey is a cross of GG4 and Cookies and
Cream, bred by Exotic Genetics. Benson Elvis grew the incredible fresh frozen material that allowed Willamette Valley Alchemy to harvest an exceptional run of “diamonds.” This separation of THCA and terpenes allows for the consumers to customize the proportions of each compound they use, rather than having them in a homogenized sauce. This method of extraction is more a consumer preference than anything, however it opens the door THE SCORE THC for more extraction methods to be investigated. The combination of sweet, earthy fl avor cookie dough flavors makes for an enjoyable va l ue dab that needs to be experienced more than e ffe ct once to truly grasp the flavor. Relaxing and l a be l tiring effects make this strain and extract a tota l 17/20 great way to end the work day. ($65/g with tax)
Overall 18/20 An expansive selection of products, friendly budtenders and competitive pricing makes AmeriCannaRx one of the best shops to experience a variety of Oregon Cannabis. Located on NE Sandy Blvd, AmeriCannaRx, one of the Green Mile’s longest tenured shops, is definitely a shop worth checking out.
MAR. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Hang out at Hoodview Get in touch to schedule your shopping experience today - or as always, let us come to you! Monâ€˘Tuesâ€˘Wed
NEW! Cannabis Auctions Held the first Tuesday of every month - buying and selling options available! For more details please visit www.hoodviewcannabis.com
Got Clones? We Do.
We've got thousands of healthy, happy clones in stock right now and are delivering weekly to dispensaries and retailers in Oregon. Available strains include: Girl Scout Cookie Blue Dream Purple Hindu Lemon Kush Gorilla Glue #4
Gold Beach, Oregon www.RogueCoastGrowers.com (541) 247-0854
Jack Herer Cherry Cookie Super Skunk Killer Kush More!
36/mar. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON @710dencies
PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @bermanphotos
STRAIN OF THE MONTH Sacred Flower Farms is
a full season OLCC-licensed farm that utilizes regenerative farming techniques to grow truly sustainable Cannabis. Hog is a unique strain with no known lineage. The terpene profile is fuel forward, followed by hints of citrus sweetness that give the flavor a complex edge. The buds are extremely sticky and well cured as the structure is reminiscent of Sour Diesel. A grinder is needed to break down the nugs as they are far too sticky to grind by hand. The sweet citrus flavor was more noticeable with the funky, sour fuel profile taking a back burner as the joint went 20 or 30 minutes. The smoke is smooth, expansive and potent. The high is sedative and strong, making one fall asleep on the couch for two hours before noticing what even happened. I would recommend this strain to those with high levels of pain, anxiety or those simply looking for a stronger smoke.
A BODY BUZZ BEHEMOTH
MORE INFORMATION sacredflowerFarms.com
SUSTAINABILITY OREGON LEAF
T H E S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I S S U E
How Oregon’s Cannabis industry is working for a better future Intro by Nate Williams
We are proud to offer you our very first Sustainability issue!
Cannabis growers made some incredible advancements in production capabilities in the last decade, and was only recently that we’ve start to see their efficiency capabilities begin to reach the same level of professionalism. Growers are being forced to run leaner in increasingly competitive markets. We’ve taken a closer look at some of the methods our community members took to ensure that we continue to develop more efficient, biologically friendly and sustainable businesses. As we continue to normalize Cannabis in Oregon, and as legalization continues nationwide, we need to focus on setting the bar as high as possible. We do so in the hopes that when entrepreneurs look to model after successful companies in the field, they are the same ones that responsibly grow their businesses.
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Two levels of growing
Marketing Director Robert Shepard, Cultivation Director Clint Harris and Head Grower Justin Lang
ECO FIRMA FARMS Q&A | Owner Jesse Peters
What steps are you taking to reduce your carbon footprint? Room full of the J1 strain INTERVIEW BY @710DENCIES | PHOTOS BY @BERMANPHOTOS
Eco Firma’s Canbyland
What is the intention behind stacking flower rooms?
On top of the wind power, we are planning to implement a 250K watt solar array on the roof of the facility to maximize the potential of the sun with indoor cultivation. We’re striving to end our garbage service. We are reducing the use of all products that do not come in a recyclable container. If we can eliminate our garbage service, we will be able end producing waste that contributes to the landfills. The following steps will be looking at our total carbon footprint and getting creative on finding ways to hit the elusive carbon neutral goal.
Efficiency, plain and simple. In order to survive, we need to look at our ability to cultivate responsibly. Every cubic foot of our space costs money and has a designated purpose. Growing indoor with disregard for that space is wasteful. It is our responsibility as humans to be respectful of the space we live in, and using that space to its maximum potential is paramount regardless of purpose.
What does sustainability mean to you?
The possibilities are endless, we just need to stay on the front edge of it. We believe we are on the precipice of an energy revaluation as a society, regardless of the current executive speed bumps here in the U.S. We built our facility with the knowledge that it will change, as technology for our industry evolves. In taking this mentality we intentionally designed the facility in a way that will make that transition easy to attain; thus, saving time and more importantly waste.
It seems today the word “sustainable” is thrown around with no real accountability. Our goal with everything we do is to stand behind our convictions with our claims. High quality product means continually seeking improvements to ensure we are producing products that are truly up to the standard of the consumer’s expectation of high quality. This means focusing on the quality of our product and on the way we produce it. Sustainable doesn’t just mean thinking about how to be environmentally conscious. It means how do we do this while also being able to stay in business in such a tough market. Eco Firma has employees who count on having a career here, vendors who count on our purchasing to keep their doors open and an entire industry that is looking for leadership in a time when cutting corners can seem so enticing. Our goal is to change the system, to strive to be different from the standard corporate culture so willing to sacrifice the environment and their employees for the bottom line; sustainability is about integrity across the board, nothing less should be acceptable.
“ IT IS OUR RESPONSIBILITY AS HUMANS TO BE RESPECTFUL OF THE SPACE WE LIVE IN, AND USING THAT SPACE TO ITS MAXIMUM POTENTIAL IS PARAMOUNT REGARDLESS OF PURPOSE.”
What innovations do you see Eco Firma Farms making to become even more environmentally conscious?
What advice would you give to farmers and companies looking to make an investment in sustainability?
Don’t give in to the easy way. As capital is scarce for all of us, cutting corners is always an option staring you straight in the face. It’s an option we can’t always ignore. If this is the case, try to look at it from an angle of, “If I can’t do it now, how can I prepare to do it later and what is my plan to accomplish that?” You don’t need to accomplish everything at once. The first, biggest step is to commit wholeheartedly. If you can only do one thing, call that number on your PGE bill and follow the steps to implement your clean energy plan. Then tell the world they should do the same. Change your home, talk to your neighbors, your co-workers, your employees. Changing the world is overwhelming, start by changing your world and go from there.
MAR. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
T H E S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I S S U E
James Schwartz is the owner and grower for Cascade High with deep roots in Oregon. After earning his nursing degree, he started growing back in the nineties when the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program was passed into law. Come 2017, Schwartz obtained an OLCC license and built Cascade High with a major focus on health and sustainability, from the ground up.
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CASCADE HIGH USES SIMPLE GROWING PRACTICES STARTING WITH MICROBIAL LIVING SOIL AND BENEFICIAL BACTERIA TO CREATE HEALTHY PLANTS AND IS PROGRESSING TO A NO-TILL METHOD.
Crystally close-up of Earth to Steven strain PROFILE BY @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTOS BY @BERMANPHOTOS
Cascade High is an excellent example of what a sustainable
adding solar energy to reduce the carbon footprint of his farm. Their IN 2017, CASCADE HIGH WON 50,000-gallon reservoir will supply sufficient water for the summer craft Cannabis farm should strive for. James Schwartz is the CEO and owner of Cascade High and he began cultivating Cannabis in 1998 THE INNOVATION AWARD AT growing season. when Oregon established its medical marijuana program. In 2017, Cascade High won the Innovation Award at the CultiTHE CULTIVATION CLASSIC FOR The Cannabis at Cascade High is grown in a hybrid light assist vation Classic for Schwartz’s commitment to sustainable cultivation SCHWARTZ’S COMMITMENT and light deprivation greenhouse equipped with radiant floor heat, practices. He doesn’t use supplemental CO2 from burners, which the most efficient double-ended lighting and an energy efficient Temp adds greenhouse gases to the environment, but instead looks for TO SUSTAINABLE CULTIVATION Cool unit for heating, cooling and dehumidification. “Cannabis cultisimple organic solutions such as fungus bags or sub-canopy benefiPRACTICES. vation is an energy intensive agricultural process and we, as growers, cial fungal vegetation which off gases CO2 for plants. need to be aware of that,” Schwartz said. People romanticize what it’s like to start licensed Cannabis grows, but it hasn’t alAs an organic minimalist, Schwartz said he chose to look for simple solutions ways been easy—especially when dealing with electric companies in rural Oregon. that are best for the plant, the consumer, and the planet. Things such as passive air Schwartz said he sources power from Western Oregon Electric Co-Op (WOEC). exchange to moderate highs and lows in environmental conditions is one example However, WOEC does not provide energy efficiency credits that are offered through of simple solutions. Using chemical fertilizers and pesticides is harmful to the planet, PGE even though it sources its power from PGE (BPA). Building hybrid efficient the plant, and the consumer, and from a business perspective, is expensive. greenhouses would earn efficiency tax credits from PGE because they reduce energy “I use microbial rich soil, water and organic methods for pest control. As a nurse, consumption from lighting. I am not comfortable adding contaminants that I know poison people and the “We can’t get any credits for LED lights, which reduces the cost of a fixture up to planet. My goal is to produce the cleanest product in the most sustainable way,” 75 percent. A farm with PGE will pay a final price that is one-quarter of the cost of Schwartz said. that same fixture for our farm in the WOEC service area. WOEC does not provide As Schwartz walked the team through his facilities, the simplicity in growing style credits for solar energy production either, which is included in the next phase of and sustainable practices were always at the forefront of his design. Cascade High infrastructure buildout plan,” Schwartz said. uses simple growing practices starting with microbial living soil and beneficial bacteOther Cannabis farms in Washington County, Oregon typically source powria to create healthy plants, and is progressing to a no-till method. Schwartz literally er from PGE and are able to obtain energy efficiency credits to offset the cost of had the fewest supplies for cultivation this writer has seen. construction. Because of the location of Cascade High, Schwartz is forced to use One of the ways Cascade High works smarter is by reducing foreign materials WOEC and there’s nothing he can do about it currently. The cost of his overhead into the grow environment. is significantly higher because Schwartz cannot obtain energy efficiency tax credits. “Contaminated soils is one of the ways pests can enter the garden. This is why Despite dealing with the adversity of rural electric companies, Schwartz still stays we are moving to no-till methodology. We are developing simple cultivation no-till true to his values on sustainability—energy efficiency credits or not. tables based on Ed Rosenthal’s osmosis irrigation method. By utilizing no-till methSchwartz uses sustainable cultivation practices and produces some of the finest odology, new plants can tap into the previously existing bacterial fungicidal matrix Cannabis flower in the state—with or without energy efficiency credit incentives. A left behind from the previous plant,” Schwartz said. personal favorite strain from Cascade High is the Earth to Stephen (ETS), which is a Schwartz continues to strive for sustainability. Included in the next stage of Harle-Tsu and Sin City Kush cross, but the bestselling strain is the Pineapple. It goes infrastructure development is implementation of his rainwater collection plan and to show how obsolete synthetic gardening will hopefully become in the future in regard to Oregon Cannabis cultivation.
simone writes “I voted Cascade High’s Cannabis as the best strain in the CBD category at the
2017 Cultivation Classic. My judging was done blindly, but I had to meet the people behind the finest CBD Cannabis in the land. I met James a year ago and am stoked to write about his farm.”
MAR. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
T H E S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I S S U E
STORY AND PHOTOS BY @NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
FAR OUT FARMS It was a rainy Wednesday morning when we made our off-season visit to meet owners Joel and Maile Alexander at their Mixed Tier 1 OLCC licensed cultivation facility in Cloverdale. Far Out Farms sits in a unique coastal location in the foothills of Mt. Hebo, a 3,000 ft-plus peak in Oregon’s coastal range running along the border of Yamhill and Tillamook counties. Far Out Farms has taken some noticeable measures towards establishing themselves as a sustainable Cannabis farm. They proudly use Nectar For the Gods nutrient line, whose inputs are largely sourced within the state and whose products are manufactured in Springfield, Oregon. Nectar For the Gods also sources a significant portion of their materials from big-ag byproduct, reusing materials that would normally go to waste. They purchase the products from a local grow store in Lincoln City, helping support the local economy. Their mixed license status allowed them to grow both indoor and out. Their indoor grow space runs on only 200 amps of power, staggered to run 50 lights throughout the day and night. This method means that Far Out Farms not only consumes less power, but has maintained a smaller overall footprint by working with what currently exists at the property. Their greenhouses are set up for light deprivation and are hand operated, but more importantly are supplemental-lighting free, offering one of the most sustainable methods for production possible. Using the light dep system, they are capable of producing multiple crops per year, though to date have rotated between a single full season greenhouse crop and indoor production year round. Far Out Farms plants directly into the earth, filling holes with premium soil also from Nectar For the Gods. This eliminates the need for pots, beds, or anything else that would normally require shipping or driving to procure. Far Out Farms facilities are proof that you don’t need a half million dollar greenhouse or a lab-grade 100 light’er to grow elite quality Cannabis and compete in the current marketplace. Simplicity and efficiency, dedication and experience, quality and unique genetics, marketing and branding and lots of love are all pieces in Far Out Farms’ game plan to stay lean and competitive for years to come.
Their greenhouses are set up for light deprivation and are hand operated, but more importantly are supplemental-lighting free, offering one of the most sustainable methods for production possible.
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GG4 looking frosty
MAILE & JOEL ALEXANDER
MAR. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
T H E S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I S S U E
How and when did you discover the world of beneficial insects?
I started selling chemicals and fertilizers in 1980 for a company based out of Tigard, Oregon. In 1993, I had the opportunity to start my own business supplying chemicals and fertilizers. In 1994, I had a berry grower needing a spider mite predator. I found a producer in Canada that grew them. I am now their largest distributor in the US.
What’s kept Evergreen Growers Supply in business for so long?
After studying the market of beneficial insects in the Pacific Northwest, I realized that not many distributors and not many growers were using beneficial insects. I thought that this could be a nice market niche for me and my business. So, it became my main business. Over the years, I added bio-pesticides, sticky cards, lures and a few other products to round out the mix of products which we offer. Ultimately, it’s our great employees, products and customer service.
We see a lot of Cannabis businesses vertically integrating these days, is that something you’ve considered for Evergreen? Yes, but producing beneficial insects is an entirely different operation than distributing them. The business has grown from a oneman show to a business of five employees, an office and a warehouse. We ship beneficial insects to 49 states. Laws prohibit us from selling to Hawaii or U.S. territories.
STORY BY @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTOS BY @NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
Evergreen Growers Supply
Founded in 1993 by John Maurer, Evergreen has been educating and supplying farmers with beneficial bugs for 25 years. They carry over 40 varieties of bugs, most locally sourced along the West Coast, and distribute across the Northwest and California. Evergreen Growers Supply is Multnomah and Clackamas counties’ go-to stop for Integrated Pest Management biological pest control products.
What is the most common misconception about Integrated Pest Management (IPM)?
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and using beneficial insects are not the same. Lots of people say they are using IPM but all they are really doing is using softer chemistry. Many Cannabis growers are only using beneficial insects for controlling pests. At a nursery show in 1995, I had someone walk by my booth. They saw that my booth was talking about using “good bugs” to go after the bad bugs. She exclaimed, “You’re selling bugs! I don’t want bugs, I want to kill bugs!” Now, at trade shows, people walk up and know the names of the good bugs and what they can do.
How do you view the relationship between sustainability and IPM?
Growers want to use products, either beneficial insects or bio-pesticides, that are safer for the employees, plants or the environment. Many growers of Cannabis and other crops are turning to beneficial insects for pests and not using insecticides.
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“Lots of people say they are using IPM but all they are really doing is using softer chemistry. Many Cannabis growers are only using beneficial insects for controlling pests.”
NEW LOWER PRICES! FIND PORTLAND’S BEST CANNABIS AT NEW LOWER RATES - WE STAY THE LOWEST IN TOWN AND YOU SAVE BIG!
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WE HAVE THE LARGEST SELECTION OF OREGON’S PREMIER FARMS, EXTRACORS AND PRODUCERS. STOP IN FOR SWEET DEALS!
VISIT CANNA DADDY’S WELLNESS CENTER ON LEAFLY.COM TO STAY UPDATED ON DEALS EACH AND EVERY DAY! 17020 SE DIVISION ST. PORTLAND I (971) 279-4932 I CANNA-DADDYS.COM OLCC # 050100230078F4 For adults 21 and over only. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. Keep marijuana out of the reach of children.
T H E S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I S S U E
“We are creating community through joining together to represent a certification that is beyond the current organic standard,”
is an intentional action. So, the word “sustainable” describes itself. It sustains. We are looking to change the current ways agriculture is being taught and the light that the Cannabis plant is being held under. We want to be the healthy change and that takes regeneration of the current state of the world and the soil.
What advice would you give to the farms and farmers interested in regenerative agriculture, but don’t know where to start?
STORY BY @710DENCIES | PHOTO BY @BERMANPHOTOS
Dragonfly Earth Medicine Q&A | Owners Kelly & Josh
Dragonfly Earth Medicine makes raw plant based products for humans and their gardens. DEM’s regenerative agricultural approach and nutrients help to revitalize soil biology without the use of animals or animal products. What originally sparked your interest in organic farming?
We were never interested in anything else. My job growing up in Virginia was to take care of our garden. My Mom never used anything to feed our gardens other than manure and our compost. I dug little holes for our kitchen compost and weeded the garden. My first experiences with Cannabis growing was in Alaska in 1989. There was no way we could carry anything out into the Alaskan bush. Everything was made there. We took to the hills to grow Cannabis in 1999. The hikes were long and mountainous. We carried our food and our son. We learned how to make nutrients and soil out of raw plant material that surrounded our gardens. We harvested nettles and used them all season in fermented teas that we made in garbage containers with irrigation hoses flowing through them. We grew lovely gardens with just nettles and good soil. Those gardens were gorgeous because we swaled them into terraces for tea and nutrient retention in the beds. We had the confidence that Cannabis grows well with a lot of attention and good soil. When we were able to have gardens at home, we continued to carry out the same practices from our past. We did not bring anything into our farm. We grow herbs and biomass for specific minerals and nutrients that we need in our soils. We are almost totally closed loop, with exceptions of using our own company’s nutrients as our teas in our nurseries and as tea inoculants. We also we get a naturally occurring 90 trace mineral supplement to add into our plant teas to raise our bricks reading and ultimately better plant nutrient uptake.
Why is regenerative farming important and how do the DEM products encompass that vision?
Our products have been thought out through years and years of experiments and trials. We use only human grade, organic herbs and the best quality of humic and fulvic acid and biology that the United States has to offer. We research and test every single ingredient that we use in our products,
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just like we would for anything brought onto our farm. We do the work so gardeners and consumers don’t have to. We want everyone not know that if it has hurt name on it, it ifs quality and does not contain organic certifications because they are not a certification that we feel is of high enough quality control.
What does a “DEM Pure” certification entail?
It is a community-run and monitored certification. It is free, so it is impossible to buy into it. You cannot just do a few things and be certified. It is a certification that shows the consumer that that farmer or business goes the extra lengths to grow healthy medicine and businesses through regenerating healthy ideologies and actions. The certification focuses on closed loop practices. These commercial farmers and businesses are living a regenerative lifestyle. They are communing with their soil and plants in a way that is not part of the synthetic commercial or even conventional organic commercial models. We are creating community through joining together to represent a certification that is beyond the current “organic standard” or even third-party organic standards. It can also include all countries and businesses. It is highlighting intentionally cultivated weed and intentionally cultivated businesses around the world. We are everywhere. We are like beneficial mycelium. We can colonize anywhere.
What’s the difference between “sustainable” and “regenerative” agriculture?
We like to believe words are powerful when it comes to intention. Regenerative cultivation
Get a worm farm started and add everything you can to it from your farm. Raise healthy worms. You have to think about what you are feeding your new friends. You will want to feed them healthy materials, and a lot of it. Watching your worms grow and consume your materials and making gorgeous soil that makes your plants thrive is thrilling! Often, we are more likely to take care of someone or something else over ourselves. Maybe the worms will spark inspiration to grow regenerative Cannabis just so you can feed them everything in your facility or on your farm. The rich, amazing castings are just a bonus. This simple act of building worm bins can change the world. Also learn about closed loops and how you can create more on your farms and in your businesses. The new website DEMPurefarms. com has a long list of closed loops. Many farms have closed loops and they do not even know it. Creating new loops creates steps toward biological intelligence, which means you are creating beneficial life that needs safe havens to survive.
How do you see regenerative farming practices being implemented on a commercial scale?
We cannot see anything else. We simply will not have a long future outside of GMO foods and dead soil if we do not make the changes within our own businesses and farms. Chemicals and synthetic mediums are not growing medicine that will propagate intelligence. They are growing money and archaic ideology. They are wasting their time and money because the undercutting big guys that create the chemicals, mediums, environmental controls will be here to undercut their competition. Regenerative Cannabis is not their competition. There will always be a thriving market for high quality medicine that is grown with love. So, we cannot see it another way than all the farms and businesses that are not in regenerative Cannabis will be struggling in the future. Grow the fire for the least amount of money. That can only happen in regenerative cultivation systems. We see them implementing regenerative practices by building large beds that are connected to the earth. Cover cropping for soil aeration and nutrition. Utilizing all “waste” leaf and stalk material. And pulling up a chair for the plant in every meeting so she has the recognition of being the boss. We all know she is the boss when everything gets boiled down. Promote her to the head boss lady, and you will inevitably make good decisions. Every Cannabis plant wants to be grown in healthy soil with closed loops so she can stay healthy and continue her well-earned global respect. DEMPurefarms.com
T H E S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I S S U E
STORY AND PHOTO BY @NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
Moriah LaChapell Oregon’s resident bug expert has worked with hundreds of Cannabis farms across the Pacific Northwest and California. Born and raised in California’s big Ag hotbed, Moriah has worked in pest management, ornamental horticulture, greenhouse production and viticulture. She is an integrated pest management specialist (IPM) and regularly holds free workshops for growers at Constant Gardener in Eugene.
what is a biological control agent and how does it differ from a pesticide? A
biological control agent can be a pesticide. According to the EPA, a pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any pest. A biological control agent (BCA) is a method of controlling pests such as insects using other organisms. A good example of a BCA and pesticide are products like Beauveria bassiana (Botanigard) spores to control thrips, aphids and whitefly.
What does the cultivation of beneficial bugs for integrated pest management (IPM) look like?
Insectaries all over the world produce beneficial insects. The beneficial insects are shipped all over the world to reduce or control pests on many crops. The best way to utilize beneficial insects in an IPM program are preventative releases before pest populations explode. My philosophy, when I consult with growers, is to find a few effective biological control agents and start on a small scale. Initially, learning about beneficial insects can be overwhelming. Success lies in good recommendations implemented over time.
How is using IPM a more sustainable method of pest prevention than spraying pesticides?
If a grower is simply spraying pesticides without considering IPM, then they aren’t considering the growing environment holistically. The entire growing environment should be considered as opposed to spraying pests that haven’t been observed on the crop. The IPM is more sustainable because less money, labor and time is spent controlling damaging pests or diseases. Successful IPM makes decisions based on observation and quantification of the potential for damage on the crop. In many cases, multiple control approaches to the life stages of pest or diseases are required.
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As it stands right now, can an Oregon Cannabis grower source an effective IPM regimen exclusively from within the state?
efinitely. There are many qualified individuD als in the public and private sector willing to consult with the industry. Consider the qualifications of a consultant before establishing a relationship with a company. Your local grow shop can be a great place to learn if they are well connected with a wellknown consultant. Strong relationships with trusted advisors is an invaluable resource. Talk to colleagues and ask for good references before you decide to use a product or work with a consultant. It’s important to trial products before implementing on a large scale. I always ask growers to try a product on one or two plants before spraying the entire facility. Much time, money and effort is spent on ineffective product.
further damage. Predatory mites released during the early stages of crop production can reduce the likelihood of major pest mite infestations later in flower.
how did you become educated on all this?
I studied biology and learned from excellent mentors who taught me hands-on approaches for identification, good research techniques and critical thinking. I also worked for a crop consultant during summer literally counting Two-Spotted Spider Mites’ eggs in hop fields in Oregon. After college, I worked for the Oregon Department of Agriculture Plant Health lab. I later worked in the technical services department at Monrovia Nursery. This experience helped me understand how to maximize plant health and crop quality with a focus on cost to market. As the industry matures, focusing on longterm solutions and minimizing cost will create true market leaders. I am fortunate to work with many excellent growers in the Pacific Northwest and other regions.
This experience helped me understand how to maximize plant health and crop quality with a focus on cost to market.
What is the most sustainable pest prevention? An extremely thorough scouting program. The most successful growers will contact me if they have observed an extremely minor infestation on the crop. We develop a plan early to stop
Learn more about her work at MLaChapell.com
If youâ€™ve smoked cannabis in Portland, then youâ€™ve likely smoked our flower.
Now let us roll you a joint.
T H E S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I S S U E
Derek Smith Meet the driving force behind Oregon’s Resource Innovation Institute and the founder of Clean Energy Works, a nonprofit focusing on facilitating residential energy efficiency upgrades throughout Oregon and Washington. Derek’s career spans more than 15 years in the energy efficiency and non-profit fields and he now lends his insights to developing the Resource Innovation Institute for the benefit of growers in the Northwest and beyond.
We came up with the idea to create a “LEED for weed” type of facility rating system in mid-2015.
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STORY AND PHOTOS BY @NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
How were you introduced to Cannabis and how has it been a part of your life since?
The most impact Cannabis has had on my life has been over the past two years, as I’ve been in the community. Like so many in the space, I see so much promise to improve society—social equity, medicine, changing the face of agriculture. And I am inspired by so many people contributing their time and talent to create societal progress.
how did the Resource Innovation Institute come to be?
We came up with the idea to create a “LEED for weed” type of facility rating system in mid-2015. We’ve been operating since early 2016, when our first members joined and we held our first event in Portland. Our first Technical Advisory Committee meeting happened in early 2017, where we began the process of creating energy standards.
What are the goals of the Resource Innovation Institute and what steps are you taking to achieve them?
Big picture, we’re out to determine the most optimal way to grow with the highest yield and the lowest carbon impact. The answers will come via data. This is why we created the Cannabis PowerScore: to enable cultivators and operators to confidentially compare their energy performance against benchmarks related to their method of cultivation (outdoor, indoor, greenhouse or hybrid) and climate zone. We express the anonymous, aggregate data to governments and utilities so they can establish policies and incentives that support the industry’s transition to a low-carbon production model.
Where is Resource Innovation Institution active? How large is your membership?
We are working throughout North America. We have more than 100 members from throughout the value chains in the United States and Canada supporting our efforts to drive conservation in Cannabis — from cultivators to lighting and HVAC manufacturers to architects, engineers and contractors to utilities and governments.
Does the Research Innovation Institution keep a running tab on how much they’ve saved people in gallons of water/watts of energy?
Not yet. We’re developing the stakeholder-vetted accounting framework to enable operators to make legitimate claims in the marketplace. That said, we know that LED lighting and efficient HVAC can save 40 to 55 percent in energy use in any stage of production. It is clear that energy and carbon savings are available in most cultivation operations—from mom and clone to vegetation to flowering to dry and cure.
Do you believe one form of Cannabis cultivation is more sustainable than the others?
I’ve worked on sustainability in the public, private and non-profit sectors over the past 20 years. Sustainability is a tricky word. To me, it’s more important to focus on continuous improvement, with radical progress, and less about a judgment. I’m deeply concerned about climate change and equitable distribution of resources, both natural and financial. Research Innovation Institution is not trying to claim the mantle of sustainability. We are about resource efficiency, with a particular emphasis on carbon. Clearly, outdoor cultivation has the lowest carbon impact from energy sources, but no human-created systems are “carbon-neutral” and no one can claim “carbon-positive” unless they can prove the accounting and have it independently verified. High intensity lighting, generator use, erosion, transportation...no matter where we start, we all have far to go. I’m more interested in supporting the industry to move toward low-carbon models, whatever they may be. ResourceInnovation.org
THE LIFESTYLE ISSUE
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STONER OWNER JUSTIN RIGGS CO-FOUNDER
Pakalolo | Portland Justin Riggs and his wife Adrienne are the co-founders of Pakalolo dispensary. They both moved from Hawaii to follow their dreams of Cannabis business ownership and opened their store in 2014. They since have developed a reputation for stocking an elite flower menu and maintaining strong customer service. Justin spent a commendable amount of time and effort curating an elite menu for Pakalolo. His love for the plant and dedication to bringing his customers only the finest available in Oregon landed him a spotlight as our second-ever Stoner Owner Q&A. STORY BY NATE WILLIAMS | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
WHAT WAS YOUR INTRODUCTION TO CANNABIS LIKE AND HOW OLD WERE YOU?
My introduction to Cannabis was through my parents, who were smokers. I was about 13 when they told me that they smoked, and that I couldn’t tell anyone or they would go to jail and I wouldn’t have parents! I started smoking myself after high school with friends as something to pass the time in boring Kansas.
HOW HAS CANNABIS AFFECTED YOUR WORKING LIFE, FOR BETTER OR FOR WORSE? For the better. I built amazing cabinetry and some sick custom homes. It helped me be creative, it helped me concentrate, and it helped me bear the harsh elements while working outside.
HOW DO YOU HANDLE CONSUMPTION DURING THE WORK DAY FOR BOTH YOURSELF AND YOUR EMPLOYEES?
We encourage our employees to try our products to better help our customers. Of course, employees cannot be impaired and are expected to consume within OLCC regulations. As for me, coffee and a joint or two in the morning is a daily ritual.
WHAT IS YOUR BIGGEST CHALLENGE OF OWNING A CANNABIS BUSINESS?
Up until now, the hardest part has been the incessantly changing rules and regulations and switching from a medical shop to recreational. Laws would change and there would be a horrible ripple effect through the industry and you just had to ride it out.
AT WHAT POINT DID YOU DECIDE YOU WANTED TO MAKE CANNABIS YOUR CAREER?
When I met my wife Adrienne. We quickly found out that we would probably go bankrupt if we didn’t own a shop because of the amount of herb we smoke!
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO YOU TO BE A CANNABIS BUSINESS OWNER WHO CONSUMES THE PLANT? To me, it is the most important thing you can do as an owner. That’s the only way you are really going to know what you are passing on to the consumer. It’s a neverending quest to find the best products and the loudest weed in Oregon. Owners that don’t smoke will never truly know if their customers are getting the best, or not. @PakaloloPDX
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ecofirmafarms.com Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of the reach of children.
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(907) 250-8613 Rob Martin firstname.lastname@example.org
Our Renew Hemp CBD products include new, Hemp CBD-only, fun and tasty vapes and drops. All CBD products are THC free! and use only natural ďŹ‚avor oils. Vapor products are made with gluten free, food grade, natural flavors and solvent-free, terpene infused, hemp-derived Cannabidol isolate. Vapor Dosage: 3 small puffs on a vapor pen. Total approximately 300 puffs per Slim Top and 150 puffs per Casino.
Our tincture drops are made with organic, sugarfree flavors and MCT oil with solvent-free, terpene infused, hemp-derived Cannabidiol isolate. Drops Dosage: 1-3ml provided with a 1ml eye dropper. CBD takes approximately 48 to 72 hours to build up in your system, then when you take your daily dosage it activates the CBD in your body. Small doses throughout the day keeps the CBD active in your bloodstream. We make no medical claims.
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These statements have not been reviewed by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease. Keep away from children. Not suitable for consumption if you are pregnant or breast feeding.
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Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the inďŹ‚uence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. keep out of reach of children.
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Variety Multi-Pack Coming Soon!
Find us at your favorite dispensary SugarTopBuddery.com
by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
Dark Chocolate Truffles Biting into the truffle reveals an explosion of complex citrus flavor from the yuzu fruit. Crop Circle Chocolate is an Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) licensed chocolatier making some of the best Cannabis-infused truffles available, and this yuzu fruit dark chocolate truffle is no exception. It is infused with local, organic and sustainably grown Cannabis from Gnome Grown Organics. Biting into the truffle reveals an explosion of complex citrus flavor from the yuzu fruit. The dark chocolate filling is creamy and smooth as it complements the sweetness of the citrus flavor nicely. This batch was infused with the strain Violet Delight, which produces a relaxing, mellow, focusing high. The chocolates come packaged in 15mg single packs or 50mg five packs for those with higher tolerances. Crop Circle Chocolate Truffles are a great option for people who cannot combust or vaporize Cannabis as they completely mask the â€œcannaâ€? taste and produce an effective high that lasts for hours.
SINGLE PACK 15MG THC PER TRUFFLE FIVE- PACK 50MG THC PER TRUFFLE
More information CropCircleChocolate.com
Crop Circle Chocolate Available from Mind Rite PDX Urban Farmacy Gnome Grown Oregon
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CropCircle.Chocolate THE SCORE
f lavo r va lu e ef f ec t la b el t ota l 19/20
is a cross of Rare Dankness #2 and Katsu Bubba Kush, bred by the Rare Dankness team. The lightly colored hash looks almost like crushed up THCA crystals. Opening the jar gives a potent, yet complex terpene profile that smells like a combination of honey butter and sweet vanilla cream. Leaving the hash out at room temperature, even just for a few minutes, will transform it into a puddle of greasy trichome heads. When dabbed, the ice wax melts to almost nothing, with little char or burning from residual plant matter. The taste is sweet and leans more toward the honey butter profile when vaporized. The effects are relaxing and sedating, not something to smoke at the start of the day. Cornbread OG is a great option for people with insomnia or those struggling with chronic pain. This highly refined ice water extract is one of the more sustainable ways to process flowers into concentrates, as it does not include the use of flammable gases.
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CORNBREAD OG 6-STAR FULL MELT
Review by @710DENCIES Photo by @BERMANPHOTOS
KURED EXTRACTS THE SCORE
Opening the jar gives a potent, yet complex terpene profile that smells like a combination of honey butter and sweet vanilla cream.
f lavo r va lu e ef f ec t la b el t ota l 19/20
by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
Owner Matt Newell takes us Inside this Portland concentrates processing facility
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Close-up of tasty Sour Cheesel
BOTANICAL LABORATORIES UTILIZES A CUSTOM-BUILT SUB ZERO SCIENTIFIC CLS FOR ALL PROCESSING. THE LARGE RECOVERY CHAMBER ALLOWS FOR MULTIPLE POUNDS TO BE PROCESSED AT ONCE. BOTANICAL LABORATORIES
is one of the newest Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) licensed processors to hit the market. The Oregon Leaf team received a tour from Owner Matt Newell. The first thing that stood out was how clean and organized the entire lab was. A large shipping container freezer sits near the entrance in order to properly store pre-run material. The room next to the shipping container was a large empty space that was soon to be a kitchen for edible production, pending the installation of a hand wash sink. The processing room looked like the interior of a spaceship, as it needs to be blast proof if something were to go awry. If the exhaust system detects too much butane, high powered fans will automatically start up and clear the space within minutes. Botanical Laboratories utilizes a custom-built Sub Zero Scientific Closed Loop Extraction System for all of their processing. The large recovery chamber allows for multiple pounds to be processed at once. The team plans on adding another Sub Zero to help meet the demand for solvent processing. The purging room is equipped with three large Cascade Botanical ovens that can hold multiple runs in each. The pumps are “dry scroll,” which means there is no oil or lubricants used in the manufacturing of them. An oil-free pump will not be degraded by the solvent or water load and thus will not leak “mystery pump oil” into the final product. Next, the packaging room held a fresh run of Kosher Tangie, and the Girl Scout Cookie was awaiting its final stamp of approval. Multiple scales and trays were neatly organized and stacked around the room. The space is also climate controlled, to break up the terpene rich slabs a little easier. Botanical Laboratories is easily one of the cleanest processing spaces that our team has visited. With more clients being added every week, it will be exciting to see what’s in store for Botanical Laboraties in the near future. More information | Botanical LabsOR.com
MAR. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
At this time we are only offering our products to licensed distributors. If you would like to be a processor/distributor in your area please contact: email@example.com (907) 351-8207
eblunt.com @ ebluntvapes Facebook/ Twitter/ Instagram
REVIEW by @NATEW415 | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
ILLUMINATI GEMINI SAKE BOTTLE
This unique Sake bottle features an intriguing mix of Illuminati, Gemini and Gold and Silver throughout. Artist Aaron Blackburn created the piece in several sections and over the span of about four hours. The piece was crafted in different colors then cut and welded together, adding UV lip wraps and a marble for accent. The piece stands at just shy of 6 inches tall and is the perfect travel companion for all your adventures.
TRILL GLASS 70/mar. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Published on Mar 1, 2018
Our Sustainability issue is here! Featuring farm profiles and interviews to show how Northwest companies are making Cannabis a priority now...