OREGON LEAF nwleaf.com
July 2018 FREE
CONCENTRATES ISSUE 49
\\ 48-67 // Our 4th Annual Guide to dabbing safely and wisely helps you navigate a sea of products to learn which concentrates work the best for your Cannabis style. Dr. Jollyâ€™s Mazar x Skunk Live Resin HCFSE
This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.
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KING'S CANNABIS SOUR BANANA SHERBERT X CHERNOBYL S H AT T E R
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22 BUDTENDER Jesse Reeves of The Portland Pot Shop
70 SHANE YOAKAM July 2018 Breeder of the Month
Summertime Cannabis munchies 11 12 14 18 22 28 32 36 40 44 48 50 51 52 54 55 58 62 66 70 74 78 82 86
EDITOR’S NOTE NATIONAL NEWS NATIONAL NEWS OPINION BUDTENDER HIGHLY LIKELY PATIENT PROFILE THE LOCAL MARKET / BEND GREEN PLANET / PORTLAND STRAIN OF THE MONTH THE CONCENTRATES ISSUE DABBING 101 CARTRIDGES HYDROCARBON DISTILLATE SOLVENTLESS ARTIFACT EXTRACTS DEGENERATE FLAMEOFF LUNCHBOX ALCHEMY BREEDER OF THE MONTH STONER OWNER TASTY RECIPES EDIBLE REVIEW BOOK REVIEW
ON THE COVER Dr. Jolly’s Mazar x Skunk Live Resin HCFSE
WiFi OG Crystals
BY ARTIFACT EXTRACTS PHOTO BY NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
Photo by Daniel Berman BACK ISSUES/WASH.//ALASKA
M u l t n o 7 5 0 1 S W P o r P H 5 0 f i d u
m a h V i l l a g e C a p i t o l H W Y t l a n d , O R 3 . 8 8 9 . 0 6 8 2 s p d x . c o m
Pictured: Lemon Meringue Bred by Exotic Genetix Hunted From Seedstock & Grown by Fidus Family Farms - G E N E T I C S Lemon Skunk x Cookies Nâ€™ Cream P h o t o b y M a r t i n C l i ff o r d (IG @NorthwestGreensPhoto)
48-67 Madrone Farms Lemonade and Alter Farms Purple Wildfire Live Resin
BY DAB SOCIETY
10/july 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
dab it up
Thereâ€™s lot to know when it comes to concentrates and Oregon Leaf is here to help you out! PHOTOS BY DANIEL BERMAN PRODUCED BY NATE WILLIAMS
the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.
Please enjoy our 4th annual Concentrates special issue!
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Please get in touch to place an ad or become a drop-off location to display our magazine. Feel free to share feedback, pitches, story ideas and hot news tips. This is all our plant!
FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
This Issue is my favorite of the year, for one simple reason: I love dabs! My first dab was around 2011, in the centuryold boiler room below the now-closed Northern Cross Collective Gardens, and I remember feeling the oil touch the redhot nail as the vapor burst into my lungs with the force of a thousand bong hits.
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CONTRIBUTORS Doug Bowser @DougBowserPhoto Sarah Climaco Editing Steve Elliott National News Simone Fischer Profiles Ryan Herron Reviews Matthew Meyers Opinion Makani Nelson Sales Sean O’Neill Illustration @ResinatedLens Photography Pacer Stacktrain Features/Profiles @StumptownGreen Photography Nate Williams @NateW415 Production Laurie & Bruce Wolf Recipes
Email or call us to discuss print and online advertising opportunities in an upcoming issue. We do not sell stories or coverage. We are happy to offer design services and guidance on the best approaches for promoting your company’s recreational, commercial or industrial Cannabis product, event or pursuit. We are targeted and independent.
JULY 2018 ISSUE #49
The world closed in around me, and I felt the reverberation of raw THC as it pulsed in my blood and mind, sending me away for the next few hours humming with a high that was unlike anything else. Over the last eight years of publishing and working in Cannabis I have personally witnessed the concentrate world evolve from Rick Simpson Oil featuring Naptha (Coleman camp fuel) and open-blasted butane hash oil to highly medicinal mono-Cannabinoid extracts, vaporizable concentrates of all kind, and the precursor to a new world of edibles, topicals, capsules and more. For our Concentrate Issue, we sought out the best examples of the different types of extractions, share how they affect the body, and the science behind the scenes. It’s such a wonderful experience to meet and sample extracts from the best processors on the West Coast. Concentrating Cannabis means exactly what it sounds like - taking a full plant and using a process or solvent to extract the purest essence of the plant. Concentrates have the ability to impart healing values that flower alone cannot replicate and deliver a pure flavor and effect dab that will have the headiest wook sweating and smiling from the terps. Concentrates cover every aspect of Cannabis, from the medicinal to the “recreational,” and everywhere in between. Our comprehensive Concentrate Issue covers the different extraction methods, terminology, ways to consume and everything in between. So, take a dab, flip through this beautiful and informational issue, and learn something new that you can share with someone in need of Cannabis, as a plant, and as a medicine.
As always, thanks for reading!
IT’S SUCH A WONDERFUL EXPERIENCE TO MEET AND SAMPLE EXTRACTS FROM THE BEST PROCESSORS ON THE WEST COAST.
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We left off the author credit for the Hikes and Hash story pg. 52 of the June 2018 Travel Issue. The guide was from Oregon Leaf contributor Pacer Stacktrain. Send feedback to email@example.com
SEE PAST CONCENTRATES SPECIALS AT WWW.ISSUU.COM/NWLEAF
—Wes Abney july 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.
NEW STUDY FINDS 8 OF 10 PARENTS GET HIGH BEFORE WATCHING TV WITH KIDS
Some television shows — especially ones aimed at kids — can be difficult viewing for parents. But if part of being a good parent means spending together time while the little ones enjoy their favorite programs, what is one to do? Smoking weed helps. According to a new study from NYC-based Miner and Co. Studio, 8 out of 10 parents surveyed who use marijuana admitted they “regularly” get high before watching TV with the young ones. Expanding the consciousness a bit makes parents more “engaged, present and mindful,” reports Adweek. For decades, parents were afraid to admit, even anonymously, that Cannabis played “Cannabis plays a any part in their lives. No toking parent wants a visit from Child Protective Services; positive role with horror stories abound. parents, according All this is especially true when it came to actually beinging under the influence to the study.” of weed while actively “parenting.” So, for Cannabis to be reported as an experience enhancer, i.e., a positive part of a family experience, is nothing less than epochal, when you think about it. The parents who reported using Cannabis are adamant they are good parents. Nine out of 10 respondents who used weed self-identified as “professional, active, open-minded, passionate, mindful, present, engaged and relaxed.” That doesn’t sound much like the negative stereotypes of incompetent, bumbling stoner parents from the bad old days. Cannabis plays a positive role with parents, according to the study. This is because they are “better able to put aside the impatience that is such an entrenched part of today’s adult experience and take the time to read and bond with their kids,” Miner said. Cannabis-consuming parents say they’re more engaged in discussing their kids’ favorite TV shows with them after consuming Cannabis. Interestingly, 80 percent of them are more likely, while high, to seek out shows from their own childhoods to share with their kids. Part of the image problem, according to the experts, comes from mass media itself. Over-simplifying and trivializing the image of those who choose to use pot comes all too easily. “The stoner stereotype is so prevalent and persistent in TV and media that it continues to stigmatize those for whom Cannabis is part of their active and healthy lifestyle,” Robert Miner, president of Miner & Co. Studio, told Adweek. Eight out of 10 parents in the survey said they are mindful of, and discrete with, their Cannabis consumption. They said they’re careful not to use too much. According to the study, they are more likely to consume edibles than to smoke or vape before watching TV with their kids. Cannabis parents said that portraying a character on TV using Cannabis shouldn’t be any more a big deal than showing someone having alcohol. Seven out of 10 said they’d like to see more realistic portrayals of that on the tube.
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NEW CANNABIS LICENSES PAUSED BY OREGON REGULATORS announced that they’ll temporarily stop processing marijuana business license applications received after June 15. The move from the Oregon Liquor Control Commission aims to help clear an application backlog. Growers, processors, and retailers are all facing challenges in an already crowded industry, reports the Portland Business Journal. Applicants that arrived after the deadline “will be set aside for processing until the OLCC processes outstanding applications and renewals in the queue,” according to the commission. Oregon had 1,863 active licensed recreational marijuana businesses as of May 23. That number included 1,001 growers. “Assigned applications” covered 847 licenses, with another 477 “ready for assignment” in the queue. The Oregon Cannabis Association, representing legal marijuana businesses in the state, said it’s keeping an eye on the situation. The decision to pause applications comes after the OLCC announced Oregon’s recreational marijuana retailers sold only 108,330 pounds of weed last year. That left 891,670 pounds unsold, according to the commission’s numbers. OREGON CANNABIS REGULATORS
30 ARRESTED AT POP UP MARIJUANA EVENT IN DC arrests at a “marijuana pop-up event” in Northeast DC netted 30 people and pounds of weed, police announced on June 18. Marijuana was seized from 28 vendors. Cash totaling more than $10,000 was also confiscated at the event, according to police, along with three firearms. Marijuana possession is legal in DC, as long as its two ounces or less, and you’re at least 21 years old. It’s also legal to give an ounce or less of weed to someone else, as long as they are at least 21 and there’s no payment or exchange or other goods and services. Selling pot is still illegal, as is smoking it in public. Police have recently been cracking down on “giveaway” events where vendors sell customers a small item such as a sticker and then “give” customers marijuana as a bonus. A SERIES OF
NEW YORK HEALTH DEPT. PLANS TO RECOMMEND LEGALIZING CANNABIS! by Gov. Andrew Cuomo will recommend “a regulated, legal marijuana program be available to adults in the state,” the New York health commissioner said on June 18. The announcement by Commissioner Howard Zucker came after Gov. Cuomo’s position on Cannabis softened. In recent months, Cuomo has claimed the “facts have changed” around Cannabis. In January he commissioned a report with the mission of determining the consequences of legalization efforts in New Jersey and Massachusetts. Zucker said the group had considered a wide range of issues including the age of allowed use, impaired driving, production, and distribution. They concluded that legal marijuana could be done statewide. A STUDY COMMISSIONED
Commissioner Howard Zucker
“We looked at the pros, we looked at the cons, and when we were done, we realized that the pros outweighed the cons,” Zucker said. “We have new facts.”
CALIFORNIA SHOPS FACE POSSIBLE WEED SHORTAGE AFTER JULY 1
won’t have to worry about whether products are laced with pesticides and other contaminants. They’ll also be able to see how potent their products are, CALIFORNIA CANNABIS CONSUMERS
where they originated, and the ingredients used in infused edibles. That all comes true July 1, once new state-mandated safety standards kick in. That’s the good news. The bad news is, shops might be looking at a Cannabis shortage after that point, reports The Mercury News. Lots of medical marijuana shops loaded up on inventory late last year. That’s before California, on January 1, launched legal recreational sales — and imposed hundreds of pages of new rules for the industry. Regulators gave businesses a six-month grace period to sell off old stock. But sales have been slower than expected — partially, at least, due to high taxation — and many shops have lots of unsold inventory, said Josh Drayton of the California Cannabis Industry Association. None of that inventory can legally be sold after July 1; it must be destroyed, according to regulators. All weed after that point must have gone through the stringent testing and labeling required by the new recreational marijuana law. Hence, the possible weed shortage.
ALASKA MARIJUANA BOARD TAKES ON LAB TESTING INCONSISTENCIES testing results have attracted the attention of the Alaska Marijuana Control Office. They are now investigating the two state facilities used for testing Alaskan weed for potency and contaminants. The Cannabis office, along with the Alaska Division of Environmental Health, conducted a series of tests of the same samples at both facilities. They published their findings and recommendations for more accurate lab operations in a new report. The Division of Environmental Health sent samples of identical Cannabis muffins, cookie crumbs, capsules, and dried flower to the state’s two existing labs, CannTest and Steep Hill. A third cannabis testing lab in the state closed in April. According to a June 11 release from the marijuana office, the samples were analyzed using different extraction protocols, but similar analytical techniques. The facilities both tested the samples’ potency in milligrams of THC per serving. One muffin sample tested at more than double the THC milligrams per serving at one lab, versus the other. Tests on dried flower showed potency percentage differences of 42 percent in one sample. This information will help improve testing, according to Erika McConnell, director of the Alaska Marijuana Control Office. “I am confident this report will help the working group accomplish their mission to offer some solid recommendations to the Marijuana Control Board that will give consumers confidence in the system; protect public safety, health and welfare; and allow the industry to move forward in a way that is also good for licensed establishments,” McConnell said. “Standardization of processes is what we need to do,” said Cary Carrigan, executive director of the Alaska Marijuana Industry Association. “We are nowhere near that in this industry yet.” INCONSISTENT LABORATORY
july 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
DENVER CRACKING DOWN ON POT TOUR BUSES
EVEN IN LEGAL STATES,
you can get an expensive ticket for smoking weed in public. Smoking while behind the wheel can get you in even worse trouble. So, what’s a stoner to do? Pot tour buses have been an answer to that question for many. That may, however, soon be changing — in Denver, at least. Undercover Denver cops pulled over two of the buses on Friday, June 15. They cited 31 people who were smoking during the ride. One person was also arrested for driving under the influence of drugs. The two buses involved were affiliated with My 420 Tours and Colorado Cannabis, reports 9 News. The Denver Department of Excise and Licenses said the pot tour buses are operating illegally. While Cannabis is legal in Colorado, pot tour buses apparently are not. His office has already sent letters to the tour bus companies, warning them they are operating unlawfully, said Eric Escudero of the Department of Excise and Licenses. There’s “no legal way” for the pot tour buses to become legal, according to Escudero. Enforcement of the laws on pot tour buses is complaint driven. Jay Casillas, spokesman for the Denver Police Department, said he didn’t know how many complaints police have received about the buses. My420 Tours is “at the forefront of Cannabis tourism, offering visitors a glimpse into the cutting-edge world of Cannabis legalization and marijuana news in Colorado and beyond,” according to its website. The company says it’s been around since 2013. It says it offers not just bus tours, but complete vacations with “420-friendly hotels” with prices starting at $1,295. Colorado Cannabis bus tours cost $99. The company calls it Denver’s “longest running Marijuana Tour.” The bus tours have a duration of four hours and 20 minutes, the site announces. The website appears to still be accepting reservations.
Enforcement of the laws on pot tour buses is complaint driven.
BY THE NUMBERS
OREGON U.S. ATTORNEY CHARGES 9 IN FRAUD, MARIJUANA SCHEME prosecutor in Oregon has charged nine individuals with financial and drug crimes. Their scheme, according to U.S. Attorney Billy Williams, involved defrauding banks and using the money to the start black market marijuana grow houses. The money was also used to fund an interstate ring to distribute the weed, according to court documents filed June 12. The case is the first filed by Williams involving Cannabis charges since he issued a memo criticizing Oregon’s weed surplus. Williams at that time had called on state regulators to more closely control the amount of marijuana leaving the state. The case began as a fraud investigation, then grew into a drug probe. It stretched into California and Illinois, according to a filing by federal prosecutors in U.S. District Court in Eugene. Three of the defendants have been arrested, with the other six still at large. The money also funded Corvallis Cannabis Club, a state-licensed recreational marijuana store in Corvallis, Oregon, prosecutors claim. Excess weed was secretly packed, vacuum-sealed and shipped out of state in suitcases and by mail, according to the filing. Corvallis Cannabis Club was raided by the DEA on June 12. At one point, some defendants drove 60 pounds of weed to Chicago and sold it there, prosecutors allege. Weed was also sent to California and Peoria, Ill., where state authorities have their own investigation underway. Tens of thousands of dollars from the scheme were deposited in multiple bank accounts in Oregon and California, according to prosecutors. THE TOP FEDERAL
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$800 What Alaska tax growers pay per pound.
6 The 6th and final medical Cannabis dispensary allowed by New Jersey’s medical marijuana law opened its doors in Secaucus on June 18.
#1 The first marijuana dispensary in Florida with a drive-thru opened in June 2018.
1309 PLANTS & 171.56 LBS Seized from a grow site in Calalveras County, CA that was legally registered but not legally permitted.
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By MATTHEW MEYERS for OREGON LEAF
DAB DEBATE Discussing the role of Cannabis concentrates in the modern era
hen it comes to modern hash, I believe people judge the torch itself more than anything else in the dabbing process. This, I can understand, given the history of what torches have been used for. But now that dabbing hash is here to stay, we need to shift the perspective of these flamethrowers. For better or worse, the quickest and best way to heat your banger is a torch. Now that hash and dabbing have become more mainstream, there are some amazing alternatives being developed to work without a torch, but in my opinion, none of them are fully competitive with a torch. A torch is the best tool, but it’s also a great responsibility. Just like any other power tool, when you use one you need to be responsible for yourself and the others around you. In terms of production, hash plays an important role that you might not have considered before – it takes pressure off farmers to continuously boost the potency of the Cannabis they are growing. A process that normally involves constantly feeding your Cannabis with chemical steroid-like nutrients and salts. Isn’t it a better idea to grow normal, non-steroid weed and then just make it into hash for the people who prefer stronger? By not needing to focus only on potency, producers can develop richer terpene profiles for their harvest. Hash also allows the potential for varieties of Cannabis that are not very aesthetically pleasing but are rich in important terpenes or other medicinal qualities. Those more practical strains (with less bag appeal) wouldn’t have much of a future without hash to turn them into something beautiful.
HASH TAKES PRESSURE OFF FARMERS TO CONTINUOUSLY BOOST THE POTENCY OF THE CANNABIS THEY ARE GROWING.
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In my opinion, hash is also much more efficient and easier on your lungs when consumed properly at a low temperature. Through extracts, you are using a smaller amount of product less often than you would with just flower. However, I should note that if potency is an issue the best idea is to take a tolerance break when you can. You can use the money you save from the break to be pickier with your hash and flower if/when you start again. I can never understand why dabbing extracts is so taboo and yet vaping worse quality oil in carts is the hippest trend. I’ve found that some people don’t make the connection between what’s in the carts and dabbing concentrates. Even though what’s in the cartridge is normally worse quality oil than you would dab, despite being a higher price and being disposable. The whole dabbing process can seem quite complicated, so I call on budtenders everywhere to be patient yet persistent when explaining the importance of low temp dabbing and responsible torch use. The truth is, be picky with every product that you consume, whether it’s food, drink, or Cannabis. Let’s not forget how hard it is to find an organic beer or cider despite both those crops relying on use of the pesticides and herbicides to be grown. We’ve already seen a huge movement by consumers away from conventionally (somehow that means with chemicals) farmed products. As our understanding of these chemicals progresses hopefully they are removed from all of our production systems! Remember that we are all role models for Cannabis regardless of if we work in the industry, educate and look out for each other. There are no shortage of challenges these days, seek out how you can contribute to the solutions; act collectively and constructively.
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The Summer Fair invites the public to experience the diversity, craftsmanship and expertise of Oregon’s cannabis community. Many of our state’s best products are produced by small, family-run businesses and passionate makers. The Summer Fair puts names and faces to the people behind an astonishing and growing variety of cannabis and cannabis products.
We’de like to Thank our Incredible Sponsors for helping to make this event possible
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723 N. TILLAMOOK STREET PORTLAND, OR | 11AM–6PM | 21+
By PACER STACKTRAIN for OREGON LEAF | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
Each month, the Oregon Leaf crew meets to select one special budtender that stands out above the rest! Tell us who you think should be the next Oregon Leaf Budtender of the Month and why they deserve it!
“The highs people have come to associate with different strains are so much more complex than just a THC percentage, and honestly probably has more to do with the terpene profiles than anything.”
FIRST CANNABIS EXPERIENCE? I tried Cannabis for the first time when I was 16. I was at the beach with two of my closest friends. When it kicked in, I just felt a warmth and a loving sensation fill me up. I don’t think I really realized I was high until we pulled into a gas station. I went into that convenience store and grabbed a handful of beef jerky, sports drinks and snacks and left without ever paying for my gas! I now know that I had a severe case of ‘snack blindness.’
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN PART OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY AND WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE ASPECT OF THE JOB? In my career, I’ve worked in many different positions in the Cannabis industry – but I’ve only been budtending for over a year. I will say that it is by far my favorite place to be. I enjoy interacting with the consumers on a personal level and getting to hear what’s working for them.
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THE CURRENT OLCC TESTING REQUIREMENTS? I give them credit - the OLCC is doing things the way they think makes the most sense. This is a burgeoning industry so there’s going to be some growing pains. I like to say to people, I’ll jump through any hoops they want me to right now because look at how far we’ve come. As for the percentages? I feel like that’s a great place to start. At PPS we’ve been trying to expand the general knowledge about terpenes and cannabinoid percentages. The highs people have come to associate with different strains are so much more complex than just a THC percentage, and honestly probably has more to do with the terpene profiles than anything.
HOW DO YOU LIKE TO CONSUME CANNABIS? I’ll try anything – I’m always looking for fun new (and old) ways to consume Cannabis. However, my favorite is a big glass bong. I don’t think anything will ever replace that for me.
WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR FAVORITE CANNABIS STRAINS AND EFFECTS? For me it’s all about the energetic highs one gets from sativa flower. My favorites include Alaskan Thunderfuck, Jack Herer, and Durban Poison. I really enjoy mixing CBD into flower to help balance out the high for the body and the mind a bit.
HOW DO YOU HELP CUSTOMERS FIND THE BEST CANNABIS OR PRODUCTS FOR THEM? I like to think of myself as a bit of a ‘weed whisperer.’ A customer might describe a terpene profile (scent), or an effect that they’ve enjoyed in the past. I just go to my mental database of what’s on our shelves, and the right weed for the job just calls out to me. There are specific strains that I’ll go to depending on the terpenes present and their medicinal benefits that should adhere to the customer’s needs. If you the portland pot shop understand how terpenes work, 4730 N. Lombard Street you can literally ThePortlandPotShop.com follow your nose. 844-473-9732
22/July 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
budtender of the month
The Portland Pot Shop is a communityfocused store in historic North Portland. They’ve been impressing customers for years with their friendly approach to Cannabis service, and an excellent selection of wellknown brands. The shop’s location makes it a favorite among patrons in the Portsmouth and University Park neighborhoods.
WHAT SETS YOUR SHOP APART FROM THE REST? We really strive to be your neighborhood pot shop. We also cater to the individual experience and take the time to get to know our guests and know what types of weed are right for them. We create a relaxed environment that people can feel comfortable coming into, whether it’s your first time in a dispensary or your 100th. I try to stock the best flower and products we can get our hands on. We all really love and respect what the flower has been able to do for each of us personally and I think it really shows in our relationships with our customers, and the farms we work with.
HOBBIES AND INTERESTS OUTSIDE CANNABIS? I’m an illustrator and story writer. I have a few scripts waiting to be shot as well as several graphic novels written. Lately, I’ve been working on a little sci-fi idea I had for a book that I’m pretty excited to put out there.
Thepacerstacktrain@gmail.com Instagram: @ThePacerStackTrain
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By PACER STACKTRAIN for OREGON LEAF | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN Column # 36
Highlighting amazing Cannabis pioneers who helped pave the way to greater herbal acceptance.
SNOOP DOGG Born Calvin Broadus in 1971, Snoop grew up in Long Beach, California and became one of the most beloved rappers of all time when he launched his career as an MC on Dr. Dre’s masterpiece, The Chronic in 1992. The album is a perfect tribute to the high-grade Cannabis that was just becoming more readily available in the early 90s due to advanced clandestine hydroponic growing techniques. It was this creative fuel (and MTV) that set a new course in hip-hop and made both Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg instant celebrities. Snoop isn’t just an obvious choice because of his celebrity, though; he’s been a very important stabilizing force and voice in our movement for almost three decades. As a musician, actor, producer, businessman, spokesperson, talk show host and football coach – throughout each of his endeavors - he’s publicly embraced Cannabis unlike any other celebrity. And all the while, he’s done it his way with his own unique swagger, helping millions of Americans and others around the world rethink how they feel about this sacred herb. Perhaps one of the main reasons that Snoop been such a force for the normalization Cannabis culture in the United States is that he’s been arrested for Cannabis possession several times throughout his life. Yes, he’s been persecuted for the use Cannabis throughout his 30-year career, but that hasn’t kept him from speaking out about reform. “It’s from the earth,” Snoop told GQ in 2013. “It’s not some man-made shit. It’s actually growing from the ground straight to you, so it’s just like eating a vegetable. You know what I’m saying? Cancer and diseases that never had a cure, now all of a sudden you got people taking chemotherapy, and they’re also having a toke, and they live longer.“ At Montreal’s C2 technology conference in May of this year, he was asked by a moderator what he thought about people getting rich off of Cannabis while people of color are incarcerated in an unfair and unjust system. “I want to be their voice,” Snoop said. “I just don’t want to be making profits when they are in jail. As a black man, I’ve been to jail for marijuana.” But what makes Snoop one of our favorite advocates
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In 2016, Snoop granted a 39-second photoshoot with our photographer, Daniel Berman, before a meet & greet for his Leafs by Snoop product line at Have a Heart in Seattle.
This is one of the easiest Highly Likely subjects we’ve featured to date. Snoop is about as synonymous with Cannabis as anyone on the planet. of all time? He’s one of the world’s great entertainers and he likes to get high as much as we do….err, okay maybe a little bit more than we do.
fOUR LEGENDARY SNOOP smoke stories 1. Snoop has celebrated 4/20 in Amsterdam with Willie Nelson (the two apparently visited several coffee shops together during the day). 2. Snoop once smoked so much weed in his Melbourne hotel room that they had to call the fire department. 3. He admitted he smoked a blunt in the White House (no word on whether it was the Obama years but we’re betting on it). 4. Snoop recently revealed it was Tupac who first introduced him to blunts (at the wrap party for Poetic Justice, no less). Of course, the story of Snoop Dogg is far from over,
and he can now add media mogul to his long list of accomplishments after launching MerryJane, a sort of HuffPost for Cannabis. In the realm of Cannabis finance, Snoop is on track to be one of the biggest venture capitalists in the industry. In 2015 he founded Casa Verde Investments, which is funding startups in Cannabis to the tune of $45 million dollars (and counting). Finally, he has his own flower company, Leafs by Snoop. And of course, there have been several strains named after him, particularly the Master Kush x Blue Dream combo “Snoop’s Dream.” It can sometimes be easy to forget just how much stigma was placed on Cannabis consumption in the early 90s when Snoop and Dre started waxing poetic about smoking the best herb they could find. Who knows where legalization would be today if it weren’t for artists like Snoop Dogg who stuck their necks out when it wasn’t cool to do so.
SNOOP ONCE SMOKED SO MUCH WEED IN HIS MELBOURNE HOTEL ROOM THAT THEY HAD TO CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
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always smooth, always tasty. happy 710. Socially Conscious Cannabis Cultivation
cascadehigh.com Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of the reach of children.
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BRADWELL BELIEVES CANNABIS HELPED HER THROUGH ACUTE DETOX AND WITHDRAWALS
By SIMONE FISCHER/OREGON LEAF | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
NIKITA BRADWELL Nikita Bradwell is one of those rare, born-n-raised
Portland gems who still resides in Oregon. Bradwell got her first OMMP card in 2014 after enduring a traumatic foot injury. Her thoughts on mental health, addiction and recovery, offer insight to those with similar life experiences. She described a tumultuous childhood where anxiety and depression were omnipresent. Cannabis helped her survive.
radwell starting using Cannabis as a pre-teen. She came from a family where Cannabis use was a staple in family events, and remembers her mother growing Cannabis for herself. “I was raised where Cannabis wasn’t on the hush. Don’t get me wrong, it wasn’t paraded around me. I definitely found my dads stash at the young age of 5 - but who didn’t find their parents stash back in the 90s? I can look back on today as an adult and see my parents, aunts and uncles were coming together to enjoy each other.” Bradwell’s relationship with Cannabis started when she was very young, she said. “I started originally with my friends just to get stoned. But really started noticing it was helping me eat, sleep and calm myself through everything I was going through as a pre-teen with no parents,” Bradwell said. “When I was 13, I was raising myself and on my own. I was going through major things like losing relationships with my parents at age 11 and 12. I was also dealing with anxiety and depression as a child and figuring out how to survive.” Dealing with the heartbreak of a dissolving family, she turned to harder drugs to cope. “At the age of 15, I started using meth on a daily basis. Cannabis completely managed those long nights of coming down and going through withdrawals. At 16, I started going back to school and managed to get myself off meth using Cannabis. When I attended an alternative school that gave random drug tests, [having Cannabis in my system] was sketchy. It was my only opportunity to deal with the withdrawals, and everything else that comes with.” Bradwell believes Cannabis helped her through acute detox and withdrawals. Even at such a young, impressionable age, going back to Cannabis kept her clean. She continued to use Cannabis for mental health and eventually became interested in growing the plant herself. “I officially got my medical card in 2014, due to a freak glass accident I had back in 2011 involving my foot. I was still pulling the glass out of my ankle three years after it happened. Plus, I figured having a medical card would protect me from getting in trouble for possessing and using Cannabis. I had of plenty reasons, plus I wanted to learn how to grow the plant.”
Q & A I’M BUDTENDING, BUT IT’S UNFORTUNATE BECAUSE THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE LIKE ME WHO HAVE A PASSION FOR WORKING IN THE GARDEN AND CAN’T FIND FARMS TO WORK IN.
BETWEEN MENTAL HEALTH AND DEALING WITH CHRONIC PAIN FROM YOUR SUSTAINED INJURY, WHAT CANNABIS PRODUCTS HAVE PROVIDED YOU THE MOST RELIEF IN YOUR EXPERIENCE? “I will always be a flower child. Joints all day right here. But when I feel my body speaking to me, I immediately run to my Luminous Botanical tincture and Empower THC roller. It’s like doubling down all at once. Luminous just works almost instantaneously - it’s like I can feel it running through my body and just knocking out the pain. Even my ankle gets a bit of relief. I use a roller from Empower and pain is just gone. I get full flexibility in my ankle, I can walk on it without feeling the glass that’s still in my ankle, it’s pretty incredible.”
I AM ALWAYS GLAD TO SEE ACTUAL OREGONIANS WORKING IN OUR CANNABIS INDUSTRY. WHEN DID YOU KNOW YOU WANTED TO KEEP WORKING IN THE FIELD OF CANNABIS? “In the summer of 2015, I budtended a wedding and met people from all over the country. They just loved the fact they were in Oregon and could enjoy some of the best Cannabis you can find. And it just kind of stuck. With 10 years in retail and over 10 years of consuming Cannabis, it made sense that I made the transition once it went fully legal. I opened a clone business and that was short lived. One of Hifi Farms directors got word I owned/ran a cloning company and asked me to help them in the clone room. Next thing I know, I’m running HiFi propagation. I’m not with Hifi anymore, but I’ve been at different farms since. Right now, I’m budtending, but it’s unfortunate because there are a lot of people like me who have a passion for working in the garden and can’t find farms to work in. But, I’m lucky I enjoy budtending and the retail side as well.”
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Home Of The
$4.20 gram & $100 oz Exclusive Phresh Cannabis Strains Mention this ad for an Oregon Leaf Discount!
2743 19th Avenue Forest Grove, Oregon 97116 503-430-1575
STORY & REVIEW by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS & PRODUCT REVIEWS by DOUG BOWSER @DOUGBOWSERPHOTO
The LOCAL MARKET
Owner Jacob Onat
The aesthetic interior is clean and bright with beautiful Keith Herring art covering the walls of the shop.
THE LOCAL MARKET 1216 NE 1st St, Bend, OR 8am-10pm Mon-Sat / 8am-10pm Sunday thelocalmarket_bend 541-566-4207
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Strains 4/5 TALK ABOUT STOUT. There isn’t a strain on this menu we didn’t want to grab, twist up, and enjoy right then and there. The Local Market does a fantastic job curating elite cultivators from across the state like Evans Creek Farms, TKO Reserve, and Archive. With over 20 top shelf choices, shoppers here are sure to leave with something quality, you won’t be finding any mids here. The only thing keeping The Local Market from a 5/5 score is the lack of sun grown flowers from the menu.
THE SELECTION of edibles was, like
WITH EVERYTHING from freestanding
the flowers menu, all quality, but minimal on a recent visit. With under a dozen options, it was impressive that they were, overall, able to maintain solid product and brand diversity with local options like Lunchbox Alchemy (see pg. 66) and Delta 9 as well as known staples like Grön and Wyld.
top shelf live resin grams to cartridge and pen combos available out the door for under $50, The Local Market has you covered. We saw products from Oregon Genetics, Winberry Farms, Willamette Valley Alchemy, Indigo Pro, and more. We anticipate the selection will grow soon with more processors discovering this shop.
BLUEBERRY SYRUP GROWN BY EVAN’S CREEK
BLUEBERRY X CHERRY PIE
Blueberry Syrup is a unique cross of
the legendary Blueberry and the newTHC school favorite Cherry Pie. This example shows off a gorgeous purplish-blue hue with dense crystallization. The nose Terps is a mix of tart earth and citrus, which translates to a spicy THE SCORE mouth feel and varying a rom a berry notes on the palette. The high was a de n s ity pleasant, mildly uplifting cure euphoria with a mellow l ooks after effect. ($15/g)
fl avor e ffe ct tota l 24/30
Environment 5/5 AS YOU APPROACH, you’re greeted with
a beautiful fully painted exterior, done by Seattle artist Devin Finley, and bright Hollywood-style signage. The aesthetic interior is clean and bright with beautiful Keith Herring art covering the walls of the shop. The staff is upbeat and personable, making the overall vibe a fun atmosphere to stock up on some of the best Oregon has to offer.
GROWN BY ARCHIVE PORTLAND
I-95 from Archive is a potent and
pungent strain, bred in house by the Archive team. The nose is spicy with notes of black pepper and sweet finish. Beautiful, compact medium green buds with bright orange hairs beckoned for me to consume them. A big euphoria creeps THE SCORE in fairly quickly a ro ma with a creative and productive high that de n s i t y lasts for hours. ($15/g) cu r e
l oo ks fl avo r e ff ec t tota l 26/30
TRIANGLE KUSH X L E G E N D O G X S TA R D AW G
Overall 16/20 THE LOCAL MARKET has done a fantastic job situating
themselves right out the gate to be able to compete with Oregon’s top dispensaries in the state, despite opening doors years into recreational. With a clear focus on quality, this fledgling Bend dispensary will, undoubtedly, land on the boutique, craft-focused side as retailers continue to develop their spaces to reflect the products they sell and how they sell them. Numbers don’t mean everything and The Local Market is well worth a trip on your next visit to Bend.
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420 NE 60th Ave urbanfarmacypdx.com (503) 957-7832
Hours: Mon/Tues: 10:00AM - 9:00PM Weds - Sat: 10:00AM - 9:45PM Sun: 11:00AM - 7:00PM Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older. Keep marijuana out of the reach of children.
REVIEW by RYAN HERRON @THELOUD100 | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
GREEN PLANET Flower from Oregon favorites Gadsen Gardens, Novik Industries, Pruf Flowers and plenty of other cultivators. GREEN PLANET 10100 SW Canyon Rd, Beaverton, OR 8am-10pm Mon-Sat / 9am-10pm Sunday GreenPlanet.Beaverton 503-352-9939
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Strains 4/5 THE SELECTION IS HUGE. You’ll want to flag
down a budtender to help you narrow down your dizzying number of options. Once you get over the daunting amount of flower there really is something for everybody. Flower from Oregon favorites Gadsen Gardens, Novik Industries, Pruf Flowers and plenty of other cultivators were available. The prices aim to please at a reasonable $7 to $15 per gram after tax.
Edibles 5/5 IF YOU’VE ever wanted to have a medible picnic, this is the place. Like the flower, they boast one of the longest edible lists around Portland. Cookies, chocolates, gummies, and caramels from all the usual favorites and a few up-andcomers. I’ll dock them a point for not offering medicated drinks and then give it right back to them for having a few interesting offerings like barbeque sauce and olive oil. Prices start at $4 and top out around $20 for high dose offerings.
Concentrates 5/5 A ROBUST SELECTION of concentrates
is fitting for a shop that sports a whole case of dab rigs. Shatter and concentrates from Willamette Valley Alchemy, Gold Moon, Dr. Jolly’s and more were available. Their cartridge menu is immense, ranging from Select, Orchid, Winberry and more. Frankly, if you’ve got a battery or a hot nail they’ve got something tasty you can put on it.
PURPLE HINDU KUSH CARTRIDGE Purple Hindu Kush has
become so ubiquitous that tas t e we usually see it listed as l ab el just P.H.K. — Select has val u e THC preserved the ef f ect sleepy, dreamy t otal 15/20 effect that the CBD strain is known to produce, but the flavor is sadly a little lacking. This cartridge produced rich, voluminous hits down to the last hit, a testament to Selects’ constant cartridge iterations. A trusty standby, just not the tastiest offering. ($36)
Environment 3/5 GREEN PLANET feels exactly like
one of those headshops that had the super friendly, sleep-eyed staff and all of the “tobacco use only” signs. The huge selection here has a little something for everyone but can overwhelm. Where other shops might have a more relaxed vibe, Green Planet seems to be about dependable products at good values.
WILLAMETTE FAMILY ALCHEMY
GREASE MONKEY OIL
It turns out when you
C U LT I VAT E D B Y B E N S O N E LV I S
combine a great strain ta s te with a stellar cultivator l a be l and top-tier the va l ue THC extractor final product is e ffe ct going to be a sure-thing. tota l 18/20 Bullseye. This soft shatter is light amber in color, melts beautifully, and carries all of those chocolatey cookie notes I look for in a GSC cross. The effect here is mostly cerebral with a nice uplifting body buzz. Keep an eye out for this one, it’s only $20 while it’s still on the shelf. ($20)
Overall 17/20 SUPER FRIENDLY staff with an almost endless
selection. Could you ask for more? Sure, but you’d be missing out on the hidden gems in the cases. This place has cartridges and flower in flavors I haven’t seen anywhere else! Either way, you can stop in here a Cannabis novice and leave with a rig, some of the best concentrates, edibles, and flowers in the state. It’s what we always wished those tobacco-use only shops could be and even better, now they stock Elbe’s cakeballs.
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3940 Commercial St Se Salem, OR
7/10 F GET
BRING A RIEND AND $ 7G FOR 10 PER GRAM
*MAX OF 5 GRAMS PER PERSON | VALID JULY 10, 2018 ONLY | WHILE SUPLIES LAST
We work with the highest quality producers in the state! From THC to CBD strains, look no where else.
Take comfort in knowing that every extract, concentrates and cartridges come from reputable processors that take pride in producing only the best...for all budgets
Mints, Gummies, Chocolates to Drinks, Tinctures and Capsules! Not everyone can smoke cannabis so we give you a great variety of other options.
Salves, balms, lotions, bath bombs and transdermal patches .... weâ€™ve a bit of it all!
From Hand and Water pipes to vape pens, we carry everything you need to enjoy your products properly!
A place where knowledge and passion come together for an unforgettable experience! Follow us on Leafly & Facebook to stay up to date on events & sales. www.DeepRootsCannabis.com
2155 Olympic St., Springfield, OR
GROWN BY HEROES OF THE FARM
SCOOBY SNACKS REVIEW by RYAN HERRON @THELOUD100 PHOTO by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415
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STRAIN OF THE MONTH I had a joint of Scooby Snacks in
my pocket at a recent event and it didn’t take a group of meddling kids to solve the mystery of who was holding it. This pungent powerhouse stinks in the best way possible and its sweet silage (perfume jargon for how a scent hangs in the air) is richly long-lasting. Keep in mind that there are actually two THE EFFECT HERE IS ALL cultivars out there that SATISFIED SMILES AND go by the name of Scooby Snacks, both KNOWING GRINS. with some variation of Girl Scout Cookies in the lineage. The Archive-created version of Scooby Snacks uses Face Off in its cross. You can tell the difference in the two with a quick sniff of the jar. The Archive version tends to smell a little fruitier while this version is funk forward. But this Scooby Snacks, bred in Oregon by “One Eye” took his first prized strain, the lovingly funky DogWalker and crossed it with an especially resinous GSC mom. The selected result is truly a standout. Heroes of the Farm, one of only a handful of farms that have this clone only cultivar, does this strain justice by coaxing out those motor oil thick scents. Opening the jar reveals funky overripe tropical fruit with a black pepper spiciness and cola effervescence. Passing diesel notes once you start cracking into the beefy buds. Funk from the Dogwalker and resinous chocolate notes from the Girl Scout Cookies. It’s hard not to love these hybrids oozing with character, one of the most sophisticated profiles I’ve had the pleasure to examine. The effect here is all satisfied smiles and knowing grins. In smaller amounts, say a hit or two, you might develop the giggles. Smoke a joint and you might as well kiss the next few hours goodbye. You’ll be in the sort of satisfied stupor that’s a bit like walking into the other room only to forget why you went in there but in this case, you never made it off the couch. Now, you actually might need a couple of meddling kids to solve that mystery.
Available from Natural Wonders, Lifted NW and Cannadaddy’s.
Know What You Smoke Now available throughout Oregon including: PORTL AND • CORVALLIS • EUGENE • MEDFORD • ASHL AND F I N D A DI S PEN SA RY N EA R YO U O N O UR N EW SI T E: SACRED F LO WERFA RM S.COM @ SAC RE D.F LO W E R .FA R M S
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D I S P E N S A R I E S A N D I N TA K E M A N A G E R S C O M E S H O P U S O N
Shopping for your dispensary just got easier. And now you can get rewarded for it, too.
Blueberry “Marmalade” BHO 73.193% THC .195% CBD 94.958% Cannabinoids + Terpenes 11.229% Terpenes Tested by: Juniper Analytics
Dog Cookies by Million Elephants
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Our 4th Annual Guide to dabbing safely and wisely helps you navigate a sea of products to learn which concentrates work the best for your Cannabis style.
CONCENTRATES 50 51 52 54 55 56 57 58 62 66
DABBING 101 CARTRIDGES HYDROCARBON DISTILLATE FULL-EXTRACT PRESSING ROSIN SOLVENTLESS ARTIFACT EXTRACTS DEGENERATE FLAMEOFF LUNCHBOX ALCHEMY
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T H E C O N C E N T R AT E S I S S U E
Guide by Oregon Leaf | Photos by Daniel Berman
Concentrates are extractions of
Cannabis produced with or without a solvent such as butane, ethanol or CO2. Common examples in Eastern medicine include essential oils. Anyone consuming concentrates for the first time should do so with extreme caution.
Dabbing is the act of vaporizing Canna-
bis concentrate and inhaling the vapor for medicinal or recreational effects. The vapor acts as a quick and easy delivery system for Cannabinoids, and is not meant to be held in for longer than three to five seconds. Dabbing can involve a torch and a vaporization surface, commonly called a nail, attached to a water pipe. The nail is heated until hot before a small amount of concentrate is touched to the surface. Nails can be quartz or titanium, and heated externally or by a plug-in heating element, called an e-nail. The user inhales through a water pipe and the vapor is exhaled without excessive smoke or coughing, assuming a proper dosage. Patients can also use dab pens or vapor cartridges, which allow for vaporizing in a portable manner and don’t rely on having a torch.
Temperature is critical.
Mana Extracts Lemon Pie BHO
DABBING 101 ONE OF THE BEST PARTS OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY IS THAT NEW PRODUCTS AND INNOVATIONS ARE CONSTANTLY EMERGING. The downside of this breakneck pace can be a lack of information, especially for average users. The perfect example of this knowledge delay has to be Cannabis concentrates. While most veteran patients are familiar with the likes of Rick Simpson and high-grade bubble hash, the dabbing era has caught many by surprise. It’s a fad no more. This primer breaks down the many types of concentrates, attributes to look for (and avoid) and common lingo and prices you should expect.
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Concentrates that are dabbed too hot will burn off the terpenes, leaving a bland taste behind. Concentrates that are dabbed too cool might leave pooled residue and not fully vaporize. The best way to reach a happy medium is to use a carb cap, which sits on top of a nail once a dab is applied and holds heat and vapor in. A carb cap is designed to vaporize an extract at the lowest possible temperature. I find that letting the nail cool down sufficiently and then using the carb cap will produce a flavorful, fully vaporized dab. Solventless extracts such as full melt bubble hash/ice wax should be dabbed at slightly higher temperatures. To determine whether your temp is right, check the color of the residue. If it’s blackish, the dab was taken too hot. If the residue is a light brown, it means the dab was vaporized at the optimal temperature. Experiment again!
THC percentages range from 20 to 90 percent, and can easily overwhelm first-timers or even more experienced users. Start with a grain of rice.
Don’t hold a hit in longer than
three to five seconds because you’re not absorbing more cannabinoids, you’re just depriving your lungs of oxyen.
CARTRIDGES THERE ARE A COUPLE BASIC RULES TO ENJOY THE BEST EXPERIENCE WITH A CARTRIDGE.
CASCADE HIGH combines great branding
with blended concentrates that come in Indica or Sativa options. Both blends are sweet tasting and have a light easy vapor, the Sativa being more piney and uplifting with the Indica carrying earth-notes and a relaxing body high. @beardedlorax Indica Blend 72.32% THC | Sativa Blend 55.24% THC
PEAK EXTRACTS has consistently
KALAPOOYA FIRE is the premier pen and APOLLO GROWN’S triple-distilled extract is
beautiful visually and scientifically, the most refined oil they make. While the flavors are less pronounced, the highs are both unique, and the vapor is crystal clear in the lungs as it drops high THC into the mind and body. @beardedlorax
cartridge line from Critical Source based out of Eugene. Oregon. The company has tirelessly refined its formulations to bring consumers the very best CO2 available. The Kalapooya Fire line is a great option for a full spectrum oil on-the-go. @natew415 Super Lemon Haze (Phantom Farms)
$35 pen & 0.5g cartridge combo, 67.8% THC Tahoe OG (Phantom Farms)
Pineapple Express 85.48% THC Blue Hawaiian 88.0% THC, 0.35% CBD
produced some of the highest quality edibles in the game, offering strain specific and varying ratio CBD:THC chocolates. Now you can get their equally consistent and high-quality cartridges featuring collabs from top farms like Yerba Buena and East Fork Cultivar. The quality of the oil rivals any CO2 in the state and offers a rich and smooth hit good until the very end thanks to a glass and ceramic CCell cartridge. @natew415 Blueberry Cookies (Yerba Buena)
63% THC, 1% CBD, 4% CBG AC/DC Cookies (East Fork Cultivars)
26% THC, 40% CBD, 2% CBG Blue Dragon Desert Frost (Yerba Buena)
7% THC, 66% CBD, 2% CBG
URBAN PHARMS’ cartridge, while not quite
an “Everlasting Gobstobber,” seemed to last for-ev-er. The oil was lightly floral and brought on a pleasant mood-lifting effect. While it’s no live resin cartridge, it makes up for it with its seemingly endless, consistent clouds. @theloud100
embodies high-end Cannabis, delivering beautiful branding and packaging alongside a powerful high from Pilot Farms Co2. The Mountain Girl Lemon is tangy and bright, a perfect daytime high in a classy format. @beardedlorax
Quill x The Pilot Farm CO2 Pen
$40/g, 69% THC, 0.49% CBD Super Skunk Kush
$40/g, 75.9% THC, 0.79% CBD
First, ask the budtender if it is cut with any solvent, or look on the packaging. We recommend avoiding anything cut with Propylene Glycol, especially for patients, because there are safer and healthier options available. Also, avoid anything with an artificial sounding flavor like Blue Raspberry or Waffles. Look at the vape package to see if the flavor is naturally derived, and if so, go for it. While there are no rules governing flavors in E-cigarettes or Cannabis cartridges currently, we feel that strain specific and naturally processed options are the best! Vaporization can be one of the most desirable and pleasurable ways to consume Cannabis, especially when discretion counts. You should not vape indoors or where ever it is specifically mentioned, such as on an airplane or bus. Feel free to use outdoors when your vapor will not bother others or be near children. Consumers will find a variety of battery options, from disposable types that have a non-rechargable battery and last about 200 hits, to ones with USB charging capabilities and changable cartridges.
IT’S BUZZING! Activated by a slight inhale, this pen also
vibrates as you toke. Not as gimmicky as it sounds, it’s just enough positive feedback to know you’re getting a nice hit. IndigoPro is the “go-to” distillate cartridge in Colorado and now that they’ve brought it to Oregon, it might be your cartridge loving friend’s favorite new gadget. @theloud100 IndigoPro Bubba Kush 75.23% THC Sumatran Sunrise 72.16% THC Northern Lights 70.87% THC Wild Orange Blossom 36.36% THC, 35.96% CBD
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T H E C O N C E N T R AT E S I S S U E Reviews by Oregon Leaf Staff and Contributors | Photos by Daniel Berman @bermanphotos
HYDROCARBON HYDROCARBON EXTRACTION refers to Cannabis
concentrate processed with a solvent like butane or propane that is hydrocarbon based. Properly processed in a safe environment with medicinal grade solvent, hydrocarbon extracts can be some of the highest quality and tastiest extracts on the market. BHO or PHO are made by forcing the solvent over plant material at high pressure, stripping the Cannabinoids, terpenes, waxes and flavonoids from the plant and concentrating them into a delicious and beautiful extracted oil. BHO is known for capturing the essence of a strain, especially when using all nug-run material or live-resin style, which involves fresh frozen Cannabis. Propane is often present in BHO extracts, as many processors use a blend of the two gasses. Pure PHO tends to have a lighter and more orange color and can generate a fluffy consistency that doesn’t appear with BHO. Propane is a quality solvent and can be purged from the extract in a shorter time and at lower temperatures than butane, which can help preserve terpenes and flavors. When flowers are processed into concentrates, they need to be purged of residual solvents to be safe for consumption. There are many harmful chemicals that can end up in the oil if it isn’t processed properly, and you should only buy tested and safe concentrates for consumption. Purging through heat and pressure is what removes the solvents, leaving only the delicious oil we all love to dab. It’s also important to remember that with all concentrates, you are taking a large amount of plant matter and “concentrating” it into a small amount of oil. This takes the “good” aspects we desire, the Cannabinoids and flavors, but will also transfer anything “bad,” like pesticides or chemicals. Look for concentrates that are processed with material from sustainable and conscious farms, and never be afraid to ask for test results to ensure your oil is clean, and tasty!
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GROWN ROGUE’S Clean Green Certified flower is
selected and then processed a single strain at a time. For unexpected flavors like Sizzleberry, the provided color key for expected effects nails it every time. Grown Rogue’s extracts are a safe bet when you don’t know what to grab but know how you’re trying to feel. @theloud100 $30/g, THC 71.30%, CBD 0.50%
DAB FACTORY’S Soliloqueen Nug Run
THIS LUNCHBOX ALCHEMY collab with Phantom Farms was carefully selected to create the potent Lemon Piña live resin. Fresh and pungent, this terpy extract offers an earthy-spice profile with a touch of lemon. @natew415
$30/g, THC 71.30%, CBD 0.50%
BHO carries one of the more unique terpene profiles we’ve encountered to date. This full-flavored oil leads with a grape-tootsie-pop-esque profile that gives way to a musky pineapple profile. The high was suitable for daytime use, focused and energizing. @choicenug $25/g, 73.97% THC, 3.07% CBD
DR. JOLLY’S offers a diverse array of top-quality products for the Oregon recreational marketplace.
They make everything from top shelf live resins, to new wave products like “Terp Sauce,” Dr. Jolly’s version of a High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract (HTFSE), to a potent High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract (HCFSE) that tests at nearly 85% THC. @natew415 $36/g Dr. Jolly’s Terp Sauce 49.86% THC 0.55% CBD 19.81% Terps $36/g Dr. Jolly’s Tillamook Strawberry Live Resin 70.02% THC $42/g Mazar X Skunk #1 LR High HCFSE 84.06% THC 1.13% Terps
BHO&PHO APOLLO GROWN’S PURPLE BUDDHA PHO
is fluffy with a perfect melt. This PHO is full of deep woodsy-kush and earth notes and a relaxing high that calms the mind and chills the body. @beardedlorax 65.48% THC, 0.13% CBD
ROGANJA’S Mango is unlike any other Mango you may
have tried, guaranteed. This amazing plant commanded attention in Roganja’s garden due to its incredibly sweet and pungent aroma. NW Kind did a proper job with the extraction, resulting in a beautiful golden pull and snap with funky fruit terps for days. @natew415 $19/g, 69.43% THC
DAB SOCIETY’S collaboration with Madrone Farms on
this Lemonade live resin is bursting with sweet lemon terpenes and a gorgeous bright yellow color that is reminiscent of how the oil smells and tastes. @natew415 @beardedlorax $35/g, product dropping soon.
MANA EXTRACTS is a new player in Oregon’s
recreational market, but OMMP patients will remember their oils from varying Portland area dispensaries prior to legalization. Their Lemon Pie live resin is a collaboration with Uplifted Farms and has earthy, slight diesel and light citrus notes. @choicenug
LUVLI’S Sweet Skunk Terp Sauce is a pinene
$30/g, 71.30% THC, 0.13% CBD, 12.50% Terps
$40/g, 68.43% THC, 0.17% CBD
and limonene bomb, blasting your nostrils with a rush of Haze-esque lemon-pine notes the moment you open the jar. The flavor is complex and dances between the piney Haze profile and exotic fruit. @natew415
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Guide by Oregon Leaf | Photos by Daniel Berman
EARTHY, KUSHY and quite heavy on the eyes, the 9LB Hammer collaboration from Natural Roots and Rogue River Family Farms is a hefty hit, regardless of whether it’s in cartridge or in dab form. Both are relatively new players in the recreational market. We can’t wait to see what else these two companies do together and individually. @natew415 $22/.5g Cartridge, $25/g Bucket
WINBERRY FARMS combines tasty flavors with high-end distillate to deliver unique highs and taste profiles that continue to excite and delight. The Blackberry Cream was our favorite cartridge, with creamysweet hits and a heady high. The Distillate Shatter was a perfect texture for dabbing and bursting with tropical fruit flavors punctuated by the earthy-rich trainwreck goodness. Winberry Farms Distillate Carts and Distillate Shatter 3:1 CBD Guavor OG Cartridge 20% THC, 61% CBD Lemon Skunk Sativa Hybrid Cartridge 63% THC Tropical Trainwreck Proto-S THC Distillate Shatter 86.5% THC Blackberry Cream Sativa Hybrid Cartridge 71% THC
DISTILLATE WHAT IS CANNABIS DISTILLATE?
Cannabis distillate is a solvent-free process that extracts up to 99 percent THC in a refined and pure manner. While every company has a different method, the most basic form of creating distillate starts with an already processed Cannabis product like bubble hash, FECO, BHO or Co2. The Cannabinoids (mainly THC) are generally pulled from the starting product with steam, and then fractionally distilled to refine the final oil into a pure form. The end result is a product that is often 80 to 96 percent THC and free of adulterants or plant matter. Distillate can be thought of as a Cannabis essential oil that is pure of residual solvents, including those from the starting material, and can be used for dabbing, cooking edibles, as a vapor cartridge or more. Distillate is sold either in a “raw” form, which is mostly flavor free or can be infused with Cannabisderived terpenes or natural fruit terpenes. As always, we don’t recommend consuming anything with unnatural or artificial flavoring, so if the flavor sounds fake, don’t try it. The best option for a tasty distillate dab is to add natural terpenes derived from Cannabis to the oil, making for an extremely tasty dab!
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MAKE NO MISTAKE, the insane smells coming from this slick
Goldmoon jar are likely the added botanically derived terpenes. Though, when the whole room turns to see who just opened the jar of smell good, should you care? Tastes like dab-candy. $60/g, 86.8% THC, 8% Terps | Review by @TheLoud100
FULL EXTRACT CANNABIS OIL Full Extract Cannabis Oil (FECO), also known as Rick Simpson Oil, is a pure Cannabis extract that has been used for decades to fight cancer along with many other diseases.
of beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids that are successful in treating a huge variety of conditions. It should only be made with pure alcohol, food-grade ethanol or grain alcohol, and should be properly purged of residual alcohol before ingestion. FECO should never be vaporized or dabbed because inhaling alcohol is bad for the central nervous system and the brain. When eaten, the alcohol is safe for use. While FECO should be made available at a compassion rate, the average price is $25 to $50 per gram in most recreational dispensaries and it can go higher. FECO pulls a wide range
Reviews by Nate Williams @NateW415 | Photos by Daniel Berman
NU is the whole plant and medicinally
$50-$60/g, 1:1 Formula 27.47% THC, 41.49% CBD THC Formula 61.93% THC, 6.69% CBD CBD Formula 3.96% THC, 68.74% CBD
$50/1ml 1:1 Formula 18.1% THC, 27.5% CBD CBD Formula 2.1% THC, 43.6% CBD
is Oregon’s most recognized name when it comes to RSO-style products. They organically produce some of the most potent medicine available on the Oregon recreational market. Available in THC dominant, CBD dominant, or 1:1, they provide consumption ready options for the user looking for a more medicinal way to consume Cannabis.
focused line from the good people at Sweet Cannabis. The Nu line is a welcome addition to a field where most are focusing on highest THC and flashy packaging. With a strong focus on consistency and simplicity, their products are formulated into tinctures, edible oil, or gel caps making them easy to use and dose properly.
in the range of 40-70 percent THC, meaning it has 400-700 mg of overall cannabinoids present per gram. Often the oil comes in CBD-dominant, THC-dominant or 1:1 ratios of THC and CBD, or can have a cannabinoid blend specific to the strain it is extracted from. Dosing FECO begins with a drop of the oil the size of a grain of rice, and can be consumed raw or in a capsule form. To help common ailments and treatments of pain this dose size is a perfect starter, and can be built up from there to larger amounts. FECO is often
to treat cancer or other life threatening ailments, a more rigorous dosing protocol of FECO is recommended. This can mean up to a gram of oil or more a day, which is a dose that often comes with “Green Sickness,” which is an overwhelming response to the massive amount of cannabinoids the body is taking in. This can lead to anxiety, nausea and general discomfort, but it is also masking what is happening internally. The cannabinoids are going to work. Those interested in treating a terminal illness with FECO should look into dosing schedules that slowly build up tolerance, and ensure that they are prepared fully before starting a treatment plan. For those looking to receive more average condition medicinal benefits, starting small is always the best bet, because you can always eat a little more! For those seeking
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You can press Hash using parchment, a MASH bag or another brand micron bag.
• • • • • • •
Gloves Forceps Scale MASH bags Parchment Dabber for collecting And a press
making rosin Kevin Hartman walks us through the steps to DIY. Turn on your machine, get ready to start heating and have all the products ready to go.
Turn the bag inside out using a pair of forceps, Why? it puts the seam on the inside of the bag and allows more oil to leave the bag in the pressing process and creates a cleaner separation, where the thread can potentially hold the oil in.
Pack the bags, removing large stems and ending up with 0.3 to 0.5 gram nugs, aiming to pack the bag out evenly so that it squishes evenly and you get even expansion across everything. These 2x3’s have 4 grams, we run 4/20 grams of these. We tamp down the bud until it is a snug pack.
Placement. Generally we will fold over the last bit of excess, and we place the bag directly on the center of the plates, so it slides into the plates and holds in place.
First press. This is our manual setup,
so you hand pump and follow the gauge, and with this manual press, we run up to 2,000 pounds per square inch, and that starts the process of mechanical separation, and starts the timer for exposure time. We gradually increase pressure every 15 seconds for about 45 seconds to one minute, to have peace of mind that everything has been extracted out, then release and pull out.
Remove bag immediately and peel off parchment paper, then use a scraping tool to collect the Rosin from the parchment paper. We use a skillet tool, but generally a good skinny flat pointed dabber or a Rosin stamp for collection works well.
Collect the material into a ball through gentle pulling of the oil from the paper or mesh with a dab tool. If polishing is chosen, press the oil into a finer mesh and re-squish to polish If needed.
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Guide by Oregon Leaf | Photos by Daniel Berman
technology has pushed the extraction of Cannabis forward with expensive machines, exotic solvents and methods requiring more advanced science year after year. But Rosin is a method of Cannabis extraction that uses methods much simpler and cleaner than most solvent processes. Rosin is totally natural and uses only heat and pressure. So get squishing!
TEMPERATURE + BIG PRESSURE 200 F is the standard for Rosin, but can go down to 180 F and as high as 220 F. The flower takes on 20 tons of pressure!
Solventless hash is rated generally on a 1-6 star rating system. Hash is also often priced based off the star rating, ranging from $10 a gram for 1-star up to $100 a gram for 6-star. Here is a basic breakdown of how those stars are rated and why.
has set the solvent-less standard for the recreational market in Oregon, offering elite quality hydrocarbon-free products at a competitive price point. This hash rosin collaboration with Phoenix Rising is a sure winner, exploding with mouth-watering terpenes that culminate with a full-flavored fuel-fruit-earth profile on the palette.
$52/g, 72.84% THC, 0.14% CBD, 14.52% Terpenes @natew415 Solventless and bubble hash refers to hash or kief that has been processed and collected using only water and ice or a dry sift method to gather Cannabis trichomes and cannabinoids into a smokable form. It is one of the most labor-intensive ways to process Cannabis and takes a lot of patience and knowledge to create the highest-grade oils. Done right, the concentrate produced from either water or sift extracting can be considered the best oil in the world â€” pure, solventless, and with a true representation of a strainsâ€™ effects and flavors. Today, a huge variety of extraction methods and tools exist for making hash. Still, we find the best way involves ice, water and a bit of elbow grease.
Varied color, very harsh earthy taste. When heated, will not fully combust. This type of hash is best used for cooking, but can be smoked with patience.
Dabbable? No | Melt level: 1 (0% melt) | $10-$15/g
Dark green with an earthy flavor. When heated, forms a slight sheen and combusts. This lower-grade hash is great for cooking or smoking, though will have a harsh and earthy flavor when smoked. Dabbable? No | Melt level: 2 (15-25% melt) | $15-$20/g
Dark brown, earthy with hints of original strain flavor. When heated, it forms small bubbles on the surface, then combusts. This type of bubble hash is perfect for loading on a bowl of flower or rolling into a joint. Dabbable? No | Melt level: 3 (50%) | $25/g
Light brown, less pronounced flavor profile but showing stronger hints of original strain flavor. When heated, bubbles into a puddle. This is the lowest star level suitable for dabbing, as it will have a very earthy/planty flavor and may leave residue on the nail.
Dabbable? Yes | Melt level: 4 | (60-70% melt) | $30-$40/g
Fully melts into oil when heated but leaves a slight residue and flavor of plant matter when smoked. Dabbable? Yes | Melt level: 5 |(80-90% full melt) | $50+/g
Light/blond colored resinous gold, super fine texture. Forms into almost transparent slab when pressed. This should taste and smell like the purest nectar of the strain.
Dabbable? Yes | Melt Level: 6 | (100% full melt) $60+/g
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ARTIFACT EXTRACTS ARTIFACT EXTRACTS
is a newcomer to the Oregon extraction scene, but they’ve come equipped with all the right tools for success. Their crew is made up of a diverse and seasoned team. Their lead extractor, @herbnfarms on Instagram, has been honing his processing skills since well before the recreational market came to fruition in Oregon. They’ve got unique and appealing branding, a game plan for success, and a team that shares the vision. Coming out the gate with some exclusive partnerships and also running material for some of Oregon’s top cultivators, hash enthusiasts will want to keep an eye out for Artifact Extracts at their local dispensary. Initial drops will see everything from live resin to over 85 percent THC crystals to High Terpene Extract cartridges and more. We stopped by their Eugene lab to meet the team and learn what sets their work apart. Story & Photos by Nate Williams @NateW415 How and when was Artifact Extracts founded?
The name Artifact was founded in December of 2017, but the idea of having a processing license had been in talks since early 2015. Extraction had always been the game plan since day one, but our OMMP farm is located in Marion County, which opted out of recreational, forcing us to secure a new location on which we could get an OLCC license. Our progression of becoming a vertically integrated company has gone a little out of order. What is the vision for the future of Artifact Extracts now that things are operational?
Artifact’s vision is to bring higher-end products to the consumer for a fair price. We are constantly doing research and development and trying new methods of extraction and postprocessing. This helps us stay diverse and offer something slightly different to the market. Stay tuned, we have some cool stuff in the works!
What has been the biggest hurdle to date and how was it overcome?
Getting our license for sure. Also, not being able to go fully recreational on our medical farm in Marion County was a huge setback. We had to wait over nine months to get our processing license and are currently using a temporary lab until we can transition into our new lab. We are just waiting on the license for that property as well. What’s the most difficult aspect of the day-to-day for an OLCC licensed processor?
Packaging! We’ve spent a lot of time on hold with the OLCC and with the company that’s helping us design our bags. Since we are brand new, we’ve been trying to come up with the perfect packaging which has been a struggle with all of the rules and regulations we have to follow. We definitely haven’t gotten to our final form yet.
“MOST OF THE FLOWER WE WILL BE GROWING WILL GO STRAIGHT TO LIVE EXTRACTS. WE DO, HOWEVER, WANT TO KEEP PARTNERING CLOSELY WITH OTHER FARMS TO CREATE A DIVERSE AND EVER-CHANGING MENU.”
Any plans to add a farm to feed Artifact?
We broke ground on a property just west of Salem a few months ago. Here, we will eventually have a full headquarters with an indoor (grow space) and supplemental greenhouse space as well as a commercial kitchen. Most of the flower we will be growing will go straight to live extracts. We do, however, want to keep partnering closely with other farms to create a diverse and ever-changing menu. Do you have any advice for those interested in getting into Cannabis extraction?
If you’re getting into the extraction business because you want to make money, don’t. Do it because you love the Cannabis plant and the science of extraction. Be prepared to exhaust a lot of resources and spend a lot of time building a company. And most importantly, stay humble. When can those outside Eugene expect to be able to buy your products locally?
We are currently in 31 shops across the state. Most of which are in the Willamette Valley. We’re in Portland, Corvallis, Salem, Veneta, McMinnville and along the coast. Ask your local shop if they carry us!
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DFO Story & Photos by Adam Gregory/TerpTalk.tv
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Decades ago, in the infancy of functional glass art, the place to find the best pieces were the parking lots outside Grateful Dead shows. Artists would tour along with the Dead, selling their glassware out of trunks and off tailgates to get by. It was all very underground. There were no corporate sponsorships or social media accounts for artists with 100,000+ followers. But times, and laws, change. The Pacific coast is legalized. Legitimate businesses, from farms to dispensaries to glass manufacturers, have been opening and growing as a result of these changes. The stigma is lifting, and we are seeing more events like the Degenerate Flame Off (DFO) bring glass art from the underground to a wider audience. This year, DFO was held on June 9-10 in Gresham,
OR. Instead of showing their work in a parking lot, DFO brought artists, collectors, buyers, and fans from all around the world to Cedarville Lodge, where they filled the parking area and spilled over into the adjoining Wal-Mart parking lot. Whatâ€™s more mainstream than that? As big glass events go, DFO is one of the biggest. This is where youu will find a staggering amount of art being shown and made on the spot. Over 60 artists, including names like Bob Snodgrass, Robert Mickelson, Darby Holm, Mike Luna, Kaj Beck, Laceface, Jolex, Coyle, AKM, Salt, Banjo, and so many more created or collaborated on pieces over the weekend, giving festival goers an up close and personal demonstration of the process behind the work of their favorite artists.
THE BORO D E R BY Spending any kind of time around this community of artists gives you a sense of just how much community means to them. It’s called the DFO Family Reunion for a reason. That sense of community extends beyond the glass world and can be seen in one of the bigger draws for artists and fans alike, the Boro Derby. The Boro Derby came to be in 2012 when Spokane, WA glass artist Brandon Welk and owner of Piece of Mind and Satori ,Justin Wilson, put their heads together. It was Welk’s idea for the Derby, where artists create glass cars to race down traditional Pinewood Derby tracks. Wilson had a plan for how the Cannabis community could give back to the community-at-large, with the Derby being one of the prime fundraisers.
This idea became the Evergreen State Project, a nonprofit that has donated to hospitals, nurseries, shelters and struggling families in Spokane, WA and around the state of Washington. In the past, Derby events were held as standalone events but over time they wanted to allow access to more artists which led to them taking their show to Glass Vegas. Now, Adam Hand and Richard Made of Handmade Apparel are running Boro Derby qualifiers around the country for the finals in Las Vegas at the Derby in the Desert in conjunction with Glass Vegas. The Derby has grown beyond Washington and is becoming a fixture at glass events and giving artist another way to show off their talents and give back.
D E G E N E R AT E FLAME OFF Walking around the Cedarville Lodge grounds you could find talent sitting under almost every tree, mostly trying to escape the heavy rains that blessed DFO weekend. But it’s true. There were people showing off heady work everywhere you looked. Like artists demonstrating their coldwork, Steve Bishov and T. Toth Glass, from Philadelphia and Hungary respectively. And like Kiebler out of Baltimore, MD, who brought his “U.S. Blues” inspired piece to DFO. Kiebler traveled around the country with the Grateful Dead for over a decade, and he created his 6.5-pound piece with that time in mind. “[Traveling with the Dead is] actually where I met the people that taught me to blow glass, and how I wound up here,” Kiebler said. Another talented artist demoing her work was Shayla Windstar Behrman of Windstar Glass (@windstar_glass) out of Pueblo, CO. She uses stringers to paint scenes and characters onto the surface of her pieces. One piece she created for DFO 2018, featuring a terrapin with a VW bus for a shell traveling through a forest, was inspired by her childhood. “I grew up on a bus with hippie parents, listening to the GratefulDead…and since I was coming to Oregon [for DFO] I thought conifers would be wonderful,” Behrman said. Perhaps the most elaborate piece on display was the M710 Galactic Mini Phaser, built in Florida as a collaboration between a team of eight artists from Mickelson Studios and Subliminal Glass. This impressive work features 100 rounds of ammunition, a custom glass butane torch, ignition key dabber, matching pendant, display stand, metal case, and all the glass on it is UV reactive. The amount of love that went into this piece is apparent everywhere you look. There was plenty of talent to be found at DFO 2018. All these amazing people scattered all over the map came to one place to show what they can do. The talent was so concentrated and intense sometimes that you almost needed special glasses to watch it. Kind of like a white-hot torch, or that eclipse last year. With wider acceptance of Cannabis culture spreading all the time, you can expect to find DFO coming back year after year after to help keep the glass family tight and show off the new and exciting ways these artists are developing their talents.
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Story by Nate Williams @NateW415 | Photos by Doug Bowser @DougBowserPhoto
LUNCHBOX ALCHEMY LUNCHBOX ALCHEMY is arguably Oregonâ€™s best-known Cannabis company, and for good reason. Launching the Squib in 2014, their edible became popular almost immediately.
Known for packing a big punch in a little gummy, the Squib has been delivering some of the best bang-for-your-buck available to edible connoisseurs in Oregon for four years running. Aside from the Squib, however, Lunchbox has always maintained a small stock of quality-focused extracts for the market. Historically, weâ€™ve seen amazing PHO products from the labs at Lunchbox Alchemy, but today, they are pushing the cutting edge of Cannabis extraction with nitrogen freshfrozen live resin extracts. Lunchbox Alchemy has just completed a half-million-dollar buildout on a brand new 10,000 square foot manufacturing and extraction facility. The space is now the largest single-purpose processing facility we know of in Oregon. This new space primes the company to lead the way in Oregon and will allow them to work with every dispensary in the state. We got a first-hand look at the new space and got caught up on where the company is at today.
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How does this new facility differ from your old space? It’s a new, state-
of-the-art, Cannabis extraction facility purpose-built for producing and packaging the highest quality extracts and edibles. The real key, however, is in the new, higher capacity extraction equipment that is housed in our new space. With all of our teams now under one roof, communication and collaboration have dramatically improved. Does taking on a facility of this size modify future plans for the company?
It doesn’t necessarily modify future plans, but it definitely puts our plans of being one of the largest and best extractors in Oregon squarely within our sites. Our new facility will allow us to produce even more of the extracts and edibles for both our patients and recreational customers. What sort of production volume can this facility accommodate at full tilt?
We have a facility that’s designed to be flexible and accommodate the expanding edible and extract market. We are currently refining our processes and procedures and will have a well-defined picture of our full production capabilities before years end. What obstacles were encountered when tackling the buildout of this facility?
“PART OF THE INITIAL PLANNING PROCESS WAS HAVING OUR EXTRACTION EQUIPMENT BUILT TO OUR SPECIFICATIONS WHICH PROVIDES US UNIQUE CAPABILITIES IN OUR MARKET.”
What obstacles weren’t encountered? We definitely dealt with a municipality that did not understand what we do, who also had a great fear of our industry. They required an extreme amount of diligence on their part, to make
sure that when the lawyers came calling they had a huge stack of paper that they could point to. So, they could say they did everything possible to prevent a catastrophe on their end. The biggest issue to solve was that there was no current code for extraction of Cannabis. They made us go to Washington and adhere to their code. Then they wanted us to hire a Washington engineer, get him licensed in Oregon and then come out and design the facility. That alone cost us about six months. What are some unique aspects of the new facility? First and foremost,
we created specific departments and labs for every aspect of the Cannabis extraction processes. We then fill those spaces with specialized equipment that enable us to develop extracts and concentrates for our entire product line-up. Part of the initial planning process was having our extraction equipment built to our specifications which provides us unique capabilities in our market. What can consumers expect on the horizon from Lunchbox Alchemy?
As we settle into our new space, we are thrilled to have the capacity and bandwidth to really explore product development. With rapid changes in the technology and science of this industry, extraction is an exciting landscape for discovering more about our true potential. While we can’t give away too many details, you can absolutely look forward to more developments from our crew.
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INTERVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
BREEDER MONTH OF THE Shane Yoakam
What is your least favorite aspect of breeding? People seem to keep breed-
When did you start growing Cannabis? I had a fascination with Cannabis in my
teens. The first plant I ever grew ended up being a big male. In my late teens, I was running a hemp store and during that time Prop 215 was being set up. One evening I got a phone call from Jack Herer. He told me to stop selling hemp books and products and being treated like a criminal – and come get involved with medical marijuana in Oregon. [Then,] around 2000 is when I really got involved with growing Cannabis.
When did you start breeding Cannabis? The driving factor to start breeding was
when I got my medical card. It was really early in the program and back then, there wasn’t much genetic material being traded. People were keeping everything to themselves and not talking – it was a completely different era and time. When I got my medical card, I could grow Cannabis, but I didn’t know where to get clones or seeds - so growers like myself were pretty much on their own. There were all sorts of patients coming onto the program but there weren’t any resources or genetic diversity to choose from. And most of the varieties that were going around weren’t what I was looking for. It was all Blueberry, Beastir Bag Seed, Trainwreck and Trinity – a lot of Dutch stuff floating around. I began teaming up with TGA Genetics because they were creating new strains – it was different than everybody else. TGA in the original days was started as a medical collective to create great genetics for ourselves and share with the patients. Those were our core values and tasks. I eventually parted ways and continued expanding my genetic library.
Your work alongside T.G.A helped build the foundation of craft-medical Cannabis in Oregon. What is your favorite aspect of breeding? I wanted to
go beyond THC and potency because things like anthocyanins are important. Anthocyanin-rich foods, blueberries, pomegranates and acai, all contain anti-oxidants, which are powerful tools for health. I read about these over 12 years ago along with flavonoids. Finally, these details are coming full-circle and more people are talking about them. I love the research. In the original T.G.A days, we were seeking fruit flavors – but weren’t associating them with terpenes. We didn’t have the research or papers that we have now. Plus, I love creating strains that people enjoy. It’s heartwarming to hear stories on how your cultivars helped someone. It’s not about winning cups; it’s the science and helping people. That’s what excites me and pushes me to keep working with Cannabis.
ing with the same genetic material, which ultimately puts you in a corner diversity-wise. Because of poor breeding practices that decrease the plant’s hardiness, plants these days are more vulnerable to pathogens, viruses, and viroids such as Fusarium and mosaics that we see quickly spreading in the gene pool and infecting nurseries. Solid breeding takes years of work and also requires sacrifice. Your entire room might get pollinated or variables you didn’t consider. Up until recently, people didn’t want to invest in the research of Cannabis, which has it made it really tough for breeders because science accelerates both sides.
What WAs the first strain you created & favorite cultivar you HAve bred?
The Lemon Freeze. It was Jack’s Cleaner crossed to Jack’s Cleaner Blueberry (JCBX by JCB). Which was a large backcrossing project. I really liked the lemon terpenes from the Jack’s Cleaner at the time, and the Blueberry softened it up a bit and added more structure. Shortly after that, I was lucky enough to get some true purple genetics and I started working with the Black Russian bred by Nebu. Since I moved out to the West Coast, I was seeking purple Cannabis. That’s when I created the Neon Super Skunk and the Black Cherry. Finally, Double Purple Doja (DPD) was created and that’s probably my favorite strain I ever created for several reasons. It has a special place in my heart and I was putting a lot of love and energy into the project – so I knew it was going to be special. The DPD inspired me to do a lot of research on genetics. It’s thrilling and humbling to make something for a small community like Oregon. I wanted to make purple more prominent in my progeny and when you make purple strains; you get a ton of green phenotypes. Originally, colors in Cannabis were recessive – back then colors weren’t dominant in the progeny. It was just practice and technique, but through research, I found anthocyanins were responsible for causing purple expression in Cannabis. To me, it’s about what you have that sets you apart from the rest of the industry.
Thoughts on protecting your strain library in a fast-evolving industry?
You can start with trademarking your brand, but right now it’s limited to find where out where to start. You can only do state trademarks - that allow you to do it. Genetic markers are coming online and things are rapidly changing. The research is super important, which is why true breeding is so expensive. It all boils down to money. If I have a patent on my strain and you violate my patent - you go to court and see who can outspend who. It might cost me millions of dollars to protect my patent, so in order to have a patent - you must have a large backing. Other entities are trying to secure umbrella patents that cover a wide range of strains, which is completely scary. That’s why it’s important to find the right team. Genetically sequencing your work is really important because you have your genetic material backed up. It’s hard to find my work for a reason, but at the same time, it’s equally important to layout the history and lineage of genetics. It’s tricky to say the least.
Shane Yoakam is a low-key breeding enigma known as Suny Cheba during prohibition times. Yoakam is one of the
premier breeders of the Cannabis industry and responsible for creating such strains as Lemon Freeze, Double Purple Doja and Black Cherry. Currently, he’s a genetic consultant for large-scale agricultural entities at Dutch Consulting Company, headed by Sjoerd Broeks (The Dutchman, Genefinder OG). Yoakam was also responsible for helping to amend Measure 91, which made it so Cannabis seed stock could be legally sold in Oregon. Yoakam’s genetic work is rare and difficult to find – positioning him as one of the most sought-after creators of limited Cannabis genetics.
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SOLID BREEDING TAKES YEARS OF WORK AND ALSO REQUIRES SACRIFICE. YOUR ENTIRE ROOM MIGHT GET POLLINATED OR VARIABLES YOU DIDN’T CONSIDER. UP UNTIL RECENTLY, PEOPLE DIDN’T WANT TO INVEST IN THE RESEARCH OF CANNABIS, WHICH HAS IT MADE IT REALLY TOUGH FOR BREEDERS BECAUSE SCIENCE ACCELERATES BOTH SIDES. JULY 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
THESE GREAT BRANDS DISTRIBUTED BY THE SWEET LIFE
sweetlifedistro h e l l o @ s w e e t l i f e d i s t r o.c o m
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WHAT DOES MANTIS STAND FOR AS A BRAND?
JUSTIN BALDWIN MANTIS EXTRACTS & GARDENS Q & A BY WES ABNEY | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
Justin Baldwin is the founder and co-owner of Mantis Extracts & Gardens, a tier 3 producer/processor in Arlington, Washington. Baldwin has been growing and extracting for more than 20 years, and is a true industry veteran and Cannabis lover. Baldwin exudes stoner owner values and Mantis Extracts & Gardens creates spectacular flowers and concentrates. HOW DID YOU GET STARTED IN CANNABIS?
I’ve been growing weed since I was 13 years old. I’ve known what Cannabis was since I was six years old. I grew up around it, and always enjoyed the smell. When I became older I tried it and knew it was for me, it was what I am here for.
WHEN DID YOU FIRST MAKE A CANNABIS EXTRACT, AND WHAT LED YOU TO DO IT?
I was growing by 1995 and started extracting in 1998. A friend of mine came over with some oil and I asked him what it was. He said “it’s BHO.” When I asked him what that meant, he told me to look it up on Google. And I was like “what’s a google?” This was back in the Ask Jeeves days, before everything on the internet. But I went and looked up google, then BHO, and found some really crude instructions and began to experiment with it.
HOW HAS THE EXTRACTION PROCESS CHANGED OVER THE 20 YEARS YOU’VE BEEN PROCESSING CANNABIS? The cleanliness has changed quite a bit, with closed loop systems coming back around 2005. That was a big deal – to be able to recover solvent and use clean solvent and distill it. and seeing what was in the cans of gas was breathtaking.
WHAT HAS MADE YOU KEEP AT IT FOR SO LONG?
I do it because I absolutely love it. I don’t know anything else, and I want to create a unique product that is as close to the plant spectrum as humanly possible. I want to help people through their lives and give them a positive experience with every package of Mantis products. If it doesn’t meet certain quality standards we don’t release it. If I won’t smoke it, it won’t get sold.
We stand true to what we have always done, produce quality products that are safe to use. We’re a tier 3 in Arlington in the old Bayliner facility, with 20,000 square feet and about 11,000 feet of that is canopy right now. We produce quality flowers, we do terp sauce, our PHO product, with a flavor and smell that of the plant when it’s growing. We try not to lose anything that is present on the plant through the process. We do high Cannabinoid extracts THCA. We do a high terpene that’s on average 50-70% THC with 8%+ terps. We also do Delta 9 and 8 distillate, terp diamonds and flower under our Mantis Gardens brand.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO YOU TO BE A CANNABIS BUSINESS OWNER THAT CONSUMES THE PLANT?
It means a lot. First off if you aren’t using what you’re producing you don’t know about the product, so you rely on someone else’s opinion. How do you build a brand that means something from that? To be a stoner owner is difficult, because I judge myself the hardest. I’m super critical of everything I put out there and won’t put out subpar products I’m not happy with. I’ve seen a lot of businesses who don’t have anyone in a position of power who do use the product, I believe that those brands suffer from that. I do a lot of consults, and I go to businesses that don’t have stoner employees or owners, and I try to spread the word that they need these things in their brands and businesses. Without that, you are lost.
HOW DO YOU HANDLE CONSUMPTION DURING THE WORKDAY FOR BOTH YOURSELF AND YOUR EMPLOYEES?
At your own discretion. For me it can get crazy sometimes, with bud I’ll sit and smoke half an ounce just to get the flavor on things, with the oil even more. We’ll sit down and try 30-40 things at a time. For me it’s about the flavor more than the effect, I have such a high tolerance it won’t affect me like someone who doesn’t do that.
WHAT IS YOUR BIGGEST CHALLENGE, AND FAVORITE PART OF OWNING A LEGAL CANNABIS BUSINESS?
My favorite part of doing all this is doing something that I love. I absolutely love this plant and being able to grow and process it and make unique products and being able to get that out to the people and get their reactions and learn and grow from it. I always want to hear what people say, the good and bad, some people don’t want to hear the bad, I want to hear the bad, so I can work on that, to bring the best product possible for the people.
“I’LL SIT AND SMOKE HALF AN OUNCE JUST TO GET THE FLAVOR ON THINGS,” STONER OWNER is our new section giving credit to individuals who have developed their love for Cannabis into a thriving business. Stoner Owner celebrates owners who love and consume the plant, giving them insight into the industry’s true roots and culture.
JULY 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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By LAURIE WOLF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF
AVOCADO BOWL Serves 4
2 ripe avocados, halved, pitted and brushed with lemon juice 2 tablespoons lemon juice 1 ripe tomato, seeded and cut in pieces 2 scallions, thinly sliced 4 tablespoons cotija cheese, crumbled 2 tablespoons olive oil, best quality you can afford Pinch of salt and cumin
Place the avocado halves on your work surface. In a small bowl combine tomato, scallion, cheese.
Divide mixture between the avocados and drizzle with the olive oil. Sprinkle each with salt and cumin. Serve with a handful of canna chips.
SNACKS CANNA-CORN TORTILLA CHIPS Serves 4
8 corn or flour tortillas 1-2 tablespoons melted canna butter or oil 1 teaspoon cumin 1 teaspoon chili powder ½ teaspoon garlic powder ¼ teaspoon salt
1. eating avocados just feels good. TheSE chips are a “highly” suggested accompaniment.
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Heat oven to 340 F. Place the tortillas on a baking sheet or two.
2. In a small bowl combine the canna-butter/oil with the spices. Brush the tops of the tortillas with the oil mixture.
3. Bake until chips are crisp
and golden brown ~ 11-13 min.
Crunchy, creamy and a simple summer pleasure.
BELL PEPPER POT PARTY
3 bell peppers, deseeded and cut into 4 sections. ½ cup ricotta cheese ¼ cup crumbly goat cheese 1-2 tablespoons softened canna-butter or canna-oil 2 radishes, thinly sliced and cut in pieces 2 scallions, trimmed and sliced 2 tablespoons toasted pecans or walnuts, chopped 1 teaspoon smoked paprika Salt and freshly ground pepper
Place the pepper sections on your work surface.
In a small bowl, combine the ricotta, goat cheese and canna-butter or oil. Spread onto the pepper slices.
ARTICHOKE BRUSCHETTA Serves 4
8 slices toasted baguette 1-2 tablespoons canna-olive oil 6-oz jar marinated artichoke hearts half-drained & gently mashed 1/3 cup grated Parmesan cheese 4 tablespoons mayonnaise 2 tablespoons cream cheese, softened Cilantro sprigs Hot sauce to taste Salt and pepper
pop the bruschetta under the broiler just before serving.
Place the bread slices on your work surface. Drizzle or brush with the infused oil.
Sprinkle toppings of choice, radishes, scallion and nuts on top of the cheese. Dust each section with the paprika and salt and pepper to taste.
In a small bowl combine the artichoke, Parmesan, mayo, cream cheese and cilantro. If you are a cilantro hater parsley will work too. Combine well. Add the hot sauce and salt to taste.
Divide artichoke mix between the bread slices; serve immediately.
Laurie Wolf has been a monthly contributor to Oregon Leaf since 2015. Named the “Martha Stewart of Marijuana Edibles” by The New Yorker, Laurie has published four Cannabis cookbooks, contributes to six Cannabis publications and runs Laurie + MaryJane, an award-winning Portland edible company.
got cannabis cooking questions? Laurie@laurieandmaryjane.com
july 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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DO NOT EAT. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of reach of children. It is illegal to drive a motor vehicle while under the influence of marijuana.
REVIEW by RYAN HERRON @THELOUD100 | PHOTOS by BRENDA ROSE @STUMPTOWNGREEN
"Tastes like Hate, Feels like Love,”” reads the wrapper on this bottle of highly-concentrated THC-centric tincture.
TJ’S HYPNOS TINCTURE “Here goes nothing,” I thought with my head tilted back and the thought crossing my mind to pinch my nose. Instead, I taste only lightly herbal coconut oil. No hate at all, just a slightly grassy taste from the full plant Cannabis that was extracted into it. For the record, “nothing” is not what I got out of it. Within 20 minutes of taking a dropper full (go easy on me, I’m an edible lightweight) I felt a relaxation behind my eyes and a sense of anxiety-relieving calm come over my body and mind. Shortly after that, I was asleep. By the way, it was 9 p.m. This particular batch was gentle and dreamy and helped me get an unheard of 10 hours of per dropper sleep, which I definitely needed but would have never scheduled. I might have snored or talked in my sleep but lucky for me, my partner tried some as well and was happily zonked out during any sleepwalking, sleep air guitar, or sleep snacking that might have occurred. Travis and James, the eponymous duo behind TJ’s, got their start in Cannabis by growing for others in the medical community. Their flower has always been cultivated with care using organic methods. Often, it’s these simply pure products that can drastically affect someone’s way of life. Insomniacs might see this as the perfect thing to shut their mind off at the end of a long day while others might find a few drops under the tongue greatly relieves digestive issues. For me, I know I couldn’t have made it through the stress of my wedding without a few drops of anxiety-reducing tincture every hour or so. When you can’t smoke, don’t desire to, or need something quick and reliably effective there’s no www.TJsGardens.com better relief than a couple of drops of @TJsOrganicGardens this highly concentrated tincture.
I MIGHT HAVE SNORED OR TALKED IN MY SLEEP BUT LUCKY FOR ME, MY PARTNER TRIED SOME AND WAS HAPPILY ZONKED OUT DURING ANY SLEEPWALKING, SLEEP AIR GUITAR, OR SLEEP SNACKING THAT MIGHT HAVE OCCURRED.
82/july 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF 15ml-30ml, $36-72 / Available in Sativa, Indica and Hybrid
By STEVE ELLIOTT Editor, Tokesignals.com
THE EASY CANNABIS COOKBOOK
60+ Sweet and Savory Cannabis Edible Recipes 152 pages | by Cheri Sicard | Rockridge Press | 2017 | $12.46 hardcover
heri Sicard has been called the “Martha Stewart of weed” by The Daily Beast.
That’s apropos, because Sicard has awesome knowledge about all aspects of Cannabis cooking. Now she’s served up a definitive guide the gourmet ganja-infused dishes with The Easy Cannabis Cookbook. The tome includes an introduction to the history and benefits of marijuana, and a fool-proof guide to finding your perfect edible dose. But the main attraction is 60 reliable recipes that redefine stoner cuisine and make homemade edibles easy. From Banana Bread to Cheesy Fettuccine Alfredo, these recipes cover all the bases, with dosage amounts and potency levels indicated for every recipe. One of my favorites is the recipe for Cannabis Simple Syrup. This weed-infused version of the old bartender’s staple is a convenient way to simultaneously sweeten and medicate drinks like iced tea, iced coffee, summer fruit punch, Mexican-style aguas frescas, the options are endless. “This book contains lots of easy to prepare recipes for breakfast, lunch, and dinner, plus all the information the home consumer needs to get cooking with Cannabis,” Sicard told the Leaf. “In these days of over-regulation, making their own edibles is the best defense the consumer has to get the edibles they want in the doses they need.”
THE TOME INCLUDES AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY AND BENEFITS OF MARIJUANA, AND A FOOL-PROOF GUIDE TO FINDING YOUR PERFECT EDIBLE DOSE.
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Consistency and Reliability
“Right Experience, Every Time”
Grown Rogue is the premier Oregon Cannabis brand specializing in seed to “experience” products through state of the art indoor & outdoor facilities and over 50 years of cultivation expertise.
www.grownrogue.com • Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. • Keep marijuana out of the reach of children. • Use only by adults 21 and over.
The Concentrates Issue / Our annual guide to everything extracts, dabbing and hash!