OREGON LEAF THE PATIENT’S VOICE SINCE 2010
TOMMY CHONG INTERVIEWED!
Why he’s not going to stop fighting fo r MARIJUANA by WES ABNEY
How to ISSUE # 8
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Christina martinez must make a nearly impossible decision. She is an Oregon medical marijuana patient from Portland, and her doctors have advised her that they will no longer prescribe her the painkillers that she needs for a variety of pain problems, as long as she continues using Cannabis, which she also needs.
Device of the Month
Strain of the Month
Health & Science
Grow Tech Tips
Steve Elliott with the roundup Interviewing the legend
Two-page budshot centerfold
Medicated for your pleasure
Fall in love with chocolate
Featuring a beautiful new piece
Comparing Sativas vs. Indicas Getting the best out of seeds
EDITOR’S NOTE......................9 NATIONAL NEWS....................10 LEGAL OPINIONS........................14 FEBRUARY UPDATE...................16 PORTLAND ACCESS........................24 VALENTINE’S DAY.......................36 CORNERSTONE........................48 BRAIN GAIN...............................58 CONFIDENTIAL........................62 COVER PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
COVER MARIJUANA BY SMART FARMS COVER STYLING by MALINA LOPEZ CONTENT PHOTOS BY CONTRIBUTORS SEE THE BACK ISSUES: WWW.ISSUU.COM/NWLEAF
REVIEWED Medicated products to spice up your Valentineâ€™s Day this winter.
Photo by Daniel Berman/Oregon Leaf
the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.
FEBRUARY 2015 ISSUE #8
What do you ask a pot legend like Tommy Chong?
sat down recently with Tommy Chong for this month’s 8 Questions interview. As one of the biggest pioneers of the movement, Chong’s influence on popular culture changed a generation by mixing pot and humor, which disarmed the prohibitionist movement and allowed for a new conversation about pot to happen. He has also had to suffer prison time for paraphernalia, and the stigma of being labeled a pot celebrity. Today he is making new moves in the world of Cannabis, and gave me time during his recent visit to Seattle to promote his legal pot ventures around the Northwest to discuss his views on the new world of pot.
Contact editor Wes Abney to place an
advertisement or become a drop-off location to display our magazine. You can also feel free to just share feedback, send pitches, articles, story ideas and hot news tips. This is all our plant!
FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
I also had the chance to share the story of Christine Martinez, a patient who has been backed into a corner by doctors that are supposed to be helping treat her. She is literally being forced to choose between the painkillers she needs, or Cannabis use, which she also needs, a decision that nobody should have to make. Learn more about her story and how doctors are blackmailing MMJ patients into giving up their alternative medicine. Of course, Valentine’s Day will be here soon and we have a sweet new issue for you to enjoy and share with someone special. This month we look at the history and uses of Cannabis with sex, and how it can be used in a positive way to enhance connectivity with a partner. We also feature one of the first Cannabis infused boudoir products in the country, which has a lot of potential for opening new minds about Cannabis use.
PHOTOGRAPHER & DESIGNER
ISSUE CONTRIBUTORS Wes and Kori Marie
Our issue features awesome Valentine’s Day recipes to try out and a killer Strain of the Month to enjoy while cooking. We also have a new CO2 concentrate of the month, and a review of Bridge City’s newest dispensary location. You can catch up on national news with Steve Elliott, and learn how to grow your brain with our latest health column from Dr. Rose.
SARAH AITCHISON STEVE ELLIOTT WILL FERGUSON HEADLIFE MEDIA MALINA LOPEZ TYLER J. MARKWART SEAN O’NEILL DR. SCANDERSON DR. SCOTT D. ROSE LAURIE & BRUCE WOLF
Jacob thom REGIONAL DIRECTOR Oregonleafsales@gmail.com 503-516-5934 Please email or call us to discuss print and online advertising opportunities in an upcoming issue. We do not sell stories or coverage. We offer design services with Kush Creative Group and can provide guidance on the best approaches for creating a successful approach for your medical or recreational or related industry business.
Thanks for reading, and remember to share the good news about Cannabis with someone this month! It’s the sweet news we need.
WES ABNEY, EDITOR Cover Marijuana by Smart Farms
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STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
TOP 8 THINGS TO PAY ATTENTION TO IN LEGAL POT NEWS The Brookings Institution Fellow John Hudak has released a list of eight critical marijuana legalization items to monitor in 2015 >>
1) Oregon, Alaska plans for legal marijuana:
Because it borders Washington, Oregon’s commercial and regulatory choices will be crucial in understanding to what extent states can strive for market advantages over bordering states. How well these state legislatures and alcohol regulatory bodies work together will yield the policy’s success or failure. 2015 will show which states are serious about ballot initiatives in 2016. It’s widely expected that California will advance an initiative and Florida might take another swing at approving medical marijuana, after falling just short of approval in 2014.
3) Cannabis policy & state legislative action:
The battleground for enacting items like recreational or medical marijuana legalization is not at the ballot box in many states, but in the state legislature.
4) Cannabis and the courts: Multiple high-profile lawsuits surrounding marijuana policy might play out in 2015. Coats v. Dish Network might settle the issue of employer-sponsored marijuana testing and a Supreme Court case involving Nebraska and Oklahoma’s lawsuit against Colorado over legalizing marijuana will indicate the willingness of federal courts to engage in this policy area.
5) What about D.C.’s marijuana policy: Clarity
on the future of marijuana policy in Washington, D.C. will surely be left to the federal courts, particularly if there is congressional inaction on I-71.
6) CO/WA (and Uruguay) continue legalization:
In Colorado, edibles, product testing and home grows will be on the agenda. The policy challenge Washington faces is that legal weed could be too costly to lure consumers from the black market and medical marijuana outlets. On the international front, Uruguay works hard to prepare a bureaucracy and a consumer base for the experiment.
7) Data, data, data: One key takeaway for policy
advocates, both supporters and opponents, will be to patiently wait to draw conclusions because the data are currently incomplete and imperfect. 2015 will offer steady flows of data from Colorado and Washington, and eventually other states.
8) Presidential candidates and Cannabis:
Marijuana policy will be part of the 2016 debates and national conversation in a way that it hasn’t been in previous presidential campaigns, and it doesn’t exactly fall neatly along party lines, either.
10/feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
One of several ads released for the Good to Know campaign
going ‘mad men’ with legal pot ads...
State unveils new campaign to educate visitors & residents on staying legal
olorado is launching a $5.7 million camFunding for the campaign comes from paign to educate residents and tourists on taxes paid by those buying marijuana at how to use marijuana responsibly. the hundreds of legal marijuana stores in The “Good To Know” campaign hits the airthe state. The message was created by state waves, newspapers and Internet one year after health officials in cooperation with marrecreational marijuana sales began in the Rocky ijuana merchants and anti-drug activists. Mountain State. Colorado legislators orThe “bright, neighborly” apdered the campaign, along The message proach is designed to educate withwith tracking of Cannabis was created out alienating, and is not an averuse and public perception. by anti-drug sion campaign, according to Dr. An initial investigation activists and Larry Wolk, Colorado’s chief medfound that 27 percent of marijuana ical officer and director of the state Coloradans knew it is illemerchants. Department of Public Health and gal to smoke pot in public, Environment. and only 23 percent knew The tone of the ad campaign is illustrated by that weed can only be sold to adults 21 the spot that points out you can’t legally drive a and older. car after smoking pot — it adds what “walking, “I’ve always said we need to start hopping and skipping are allowed.” treating marijuana like the drug it is, not The campaign appears to be the first comprethe drug some fear it to be,” said Demohensive effort by a state to educate consumers on cratic state Rep. Jonathan Singer, a former marijuana use and regulations after legalization. drug and alcohol counselor. Singer helped “This is still uncharted territory for us, and rewrite much of the legislation governing ally for everyone in the United States,” Wolk said. legal marijuana in the state.
2) Identifying the next states to legalize:
Quick Hits! 1.53 2.5 40 57 100 180 218 6,800 According to ArcView investment group, the pot industry generated $1.53 billion in revenues in 2013. That’s a lot of green.
Rhode Island is officially the highest state around In an unlikely marijuana haven, 20.22% of residents report using pot last year
alition is forming in the state to make it the hode Islanders use marijuana at the fifth state to legalize recreational Cannabis. highest rate in the United States, The survey “is probably an accurate poraccording to a recently released natrayal, and one we’ve seen trending for a long tional survey on drug use and health, spontime,” said Rebecca Boss, deputy director of sored each year by the Substance Abuse and the Rhode Island Department of BehaviorMental Health Services Administration. al Healthcare, Developmental In Rhode Island, 14 percent #2 AK: 19.69% Disabilities and Hospitals. “The of those 12 and older report why is really hard to answer. I having used marijuana in the #4 OR: 19.03% don’t necessarily have the anpast month, according to the #5 CO: 15.09% National Survey on Drug Use #6 WA: 17.48% swers to why.” Rhode Island edged out and Mental Health. That’s up #50 KS: 8.21% % of state used pot last year Colorado in the survey, despite from 13 percent the previous the Rocky Mountain State beyear. Rhode Island also led the ing the first in the nation to legalize marijuana nation in those who reported having used for recreational sales. Colorado had the secmarijuana in the past year, at 20.22 percent, ond-highest rate of reported Cannabis use in up from 19 percent. the past month at 12.7 percent. The survey results are two-year averages, The survey can’t fully reflect the changes in with the latest results reflecting 2012-2013. Colorado, however, because marijuana legalRhode Island is one of 23 states and the ization took place in late 2012 and marijuana District of Columbia that allow medical shops didn’t open until Jan. 1, 2014. marijuana for authorized patients, and a co-
Arcview has the industry pegged at 2.5 billion in 2014, a huge 40% increase that signals the rise of this new power industry.
Number of dispensaries set to open in the coming months in Clark County, home of Las Vegas. That’s what we call a new twist on Sin City.
Age of a Alaska man who was pulled over while driving with growing plants in his truck, along with a small amount of meth and processed marijuana.
More than 100 growing plants were found in a Cleveland home after the bomb squad was sent out to investigate a “suspicious,” grow site.
The City of Detroit counts 180 dispensaries in just 149 miles of the city, which is great access to MMJ for patients, but a sure sign of needed regulation. A 218-page report by the RAND Corporation predicts Vermont will take in as much as $75 million dollars in revenue with legalized Cannabis for 21+.
More than 6,800 patients in the Massachusetts MMJ program had personal information unknowingly circulated in public emails, raising questions about privacy and the morality of MMJ registries.
Photo by Timothy Burling/Creative Commons
THERE IS NO LOGICAL REASON WHY ADULT POT CONSUMERS SHOULD BE TREATED WITH ANY LESS RESPECT, RESTRICTED MORE SEVERELY, AND DENIED THE SAME PRIVILEGES WE EXTEND TO RESPONSIBLE ADULT DRINKERS AND SMOKERS.
- Marijuana activist Russ Belville in an interview with The Oregonian, which describes how there will be a new Oregon chapter of NORML, the Washington D.C.-based National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws. Belville said the group will help lobby for regulations that make sense and don’t unfairly target Cannabis users.
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STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
Bolt Mountain Trail near Grants Pass Photo by Oregon Bureau of Land Management
OREGON OUTDOOR GROWERS WANT THEIR VOICES HEARD >> With new regulations coming, it was crucial for a meeting of minds in Southern Oregon, which grows most of the pot in a state that loves it
ore than 100 medical marijuana farmers who cultivate Cannabis in southern Oregon — the epicenter of the state’s growing community — met in December to voice concerns about how they’ll fit into a newly regulated industry. The meeting at a grange hall in Josephine County, in Southern Oregon, was organized by the Oregon Sungrown Growers Guild, a group established last spring to represent the interests of Oregon’s many outdoor marijuana farmers. The meeting featured a short talk by state Sen. Floyd Prozanski (D-Eugene), who strongly supports medical and recreational Cannabis. Growers told Prozanski they don’t want any changes to the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program, and they’re worried about zoning restrictions that may squeeze them out of the medical and recreational programs. They’re also worried about deep-pocketed, outof-state investors swooping into their communities and establishing price-gouging marijuana facilities. “My goal is not to allow the medical program to be folded into the (recreational) program,” Prozanski said, addressing growers’ fears that they could face a threat similar to the threat facing their counterparts in Washington, where many legislators are intent on folding medical into recreational. “My goal is not to impact the small farmer.” Medical marijuana farmers in Oregon have been wary of scrutiny and outside interference, but now they’re organizing so they can influence poli-
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cy as the Legislature and the Liquor Control state to the black market, where it brings top dollar. Commission develop regulations for CannaAccording to Branham, growers have operated bis production, processing and sales. for decades with little oversight, and now they’re “This has been an outlaw industry way of worried regulation-happy bureaucrats will ruin their life for decades and there is a safety in that for livelihoods by tinkering with medical marijuana a lot of people that don’t want to plug in and program rules or zoning marijuana cultivation. work the 9-to-5 but still have a lot to offer Oregon’s regulated medical marijuana dispenand want to live a life they find sary system has taken shape over the meaningful,” said Casey Branpast year. Outdoor growers have come WAREHOUSE GROWING up with brands, marketing materials ham, 36, who has a plot of medical marijuana on his property and special strains they hope will apIS UNSUSTAINABLE, outside of Jacksonville. peal to urban markets like Portland, SAID LINDA RICE, 63, “Coming into the light, if you where consumers tend to favor inwill, is good, but this industry A MEDICAL MARIJUANA door-grown Cannabis. has to model and resemble the Outdoor growers maintain that FARMER IN WILLIAMS. structure of how it was set up state legislators and policymakers from the outlaw days,” Branham should give more recognition to their said. “It works. It’s keeping people employed approach, which uses far less energy than indoor and keeping communities together. Cannabis cultivation. keeps food on the table.” “Warehouse growing is unsustainable,” said Linda Rice, 63, a medical marijuana farmer in WilTwo main groups have emerged in this liams. “They use pesticides and herbicides. This is fight: the Oregon Sungrown Growers Guild, the opposite of how we grow.” formed by a group of outdoor Cannabis farm“This is not a time to rest,” said Portland attorers in Williams (a rural community about 30 ney Paul Loney, who also works with the Oregon miles outside of Medford), and the Oregon Sungrown Growers Guild. “Everybody is circling. Growers PAC, a political action committee Everyone wants to have their piece of the pie. led by Portland lawyer Amy Margolis. “They don’t mind elbowing you away from the Some of Oregon’s outdoor Cannabis hartable,” Loney said. “You cannot allow them to elbow vest goes to medical marijuana patients or regyou away from the table.” ulated dispensaries, and some of it goes out of
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LEGAL Q&A Busting M91 Myths As lawmakers begin to set the rules for Measure 91, many are speculating about what the changes could mean for their business model. It’s also important for those affected by Measure 91 to participate in the rule-making process. This can include filling out state-issued questionnaires and sending letters to and visiting representative or members of the Legislative Joint Measure 91 Implementation Committee. It’s a good opportunity to let policymakers know your business model and how it meets the intent of Measure 91.
1) IS THERE A FEE TO APPLY FOR A GROWER’S LICENSE UNDER M91? No. As a matter of fact, there is currently no line. Everyone who qualifies will be able to participate.
2) CAN I SIGN UP NOW TO GET A RETAIL STORE LICENSE UNDER MEASURE 91?
By ATTORNEY PAUL LONEY for OREGON LEAF
reviewed before those without. However, this is not solidified. People with existing dispensaries did not receive preferential treatment from the Oregon Health Authority when they applied for HB3460 dispensary licenses.
5) CAN I TAKE MY EXCESS MMJ TO A MEASURE 91 RETAILER?
No. Because the administrative rules haven’t been enacted, there isn’t an active application process yet. The OLCC has until January 1, 2016 to publish necessary qualifications to apply for a license.
No. The law is written to treat medical marijuana and Measure 91 marijuana as two separate entities. Each will have specific rules that guide them. One difference is Measure 91 requires taxation at the grower level, while the growers under the medical marijuana law are not required to pay taxes.
3) IF I HAVE A MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARY LICENSE, CAN I SELL TO ALL ADULTS 21+ AFTER JULY 1, 2015?
6) WILL LOCAL JURISDICTIONS BAN COMMERCIAL GROWING OF MARIJUANA?
Non-medical patients can only grow or share their own Cannabis with each other for no compensation.
4) IF I HAVE A MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARY LICENSE, WILL I GET A DISPENSARY LICENSE AUTOMATICALLY UNDER MEASURE 91? No. This is a topic that will be addressed by the Legislative Joint Measure 91 Implementation Committee and the OLCC lawmakers. Some advocate following the Colorado model, which would allow people with existing medical marijuana dispensaries to have their applications
No. Local jurisdictions cannot implement an outright ban. However, they can implement reasonable time, place and manner restrictions. This means they could mandate grows be in certain zones, require extra security measures or require growers to control any type of impacts from grows, such as smells.
7) ON MY PROPERTY, AM I ALLOWED TO GROW RECREATIONALLY, MEDICALLY AND COMMERCIALLY? This is a big unknown, which is why it is important to participate in the Legislative rule-making process and to be a vocal and active activist in your community. Get to know elected officials and representatives.
The author is a Portland attorney specializing in medical & recreational marijuana law. www.oregonmarijuanalaw.com
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By ATTORNEY AMY MARGOLIS for OREGON LEAF
HOUSE BILL 2147
HB 2147 directs the Department of Revenue to conduct a study on marijuana taxation. As part of The Department of Revenue must determine: (1) the most economical and least burdensome method of taxing marijuana (including at which stage marijuana should be taxed—production, processing, sold to wholesalers or sold by retailers); (2) whether marijuana should be subjected to a fixed tax or a tax formula; and, (3) method that a person may challenge a specific levied tax. This study has a very quick turn around and is likely to be the vehicle to change the Ballot Measure 91 tax system.
BREAKING DOWN THE NEW BILLS
MAKING SENSE OF PROPOSED LAWS
HOUSE BILL 2636 This bill creates new provisions related to marijuana and amends ORS 475.309, which prohibits the Oregon Health Authority from issuing registry identification cards to applicants if the attending has provided the written documentation necessary for a registry card for more than 450 people with a registry card. The OHA can adopt rules for certain circumstances where an attending physician can provide this written documentation for more than 450 persons. Patient’s rights group and those representing the clinics should be keeping their eyes on this one.
HOUSE BILL 2668 This bill is related to industrial hemp. It creates new provisions and amends previous laws. It also repeals statutes requiring hemp growers and handlers to be licensed by the State Department of Agriculture. It redefines a “controlled substance” so that it does not include industrial hemp or industrial hemp commodities or products. For hemp supporters this bill is fantastic. It essentially decriminalizes hemp and takes it out of the hands of the Department of Agriculture.
HOUSE BILL 2781 One of the more unsavory bills for cannabis consumers and supporters, this bill relates to the prohibition against registry identification of cardholders at child-care facilities. The Office of Child Care is prohibited from certifying, registering, recording or providing state funds to a child-care facility if the attending is a medical marijuana cardholder.
SENATE BILL 464 This is one of the extraction bills. It reads that, unless the Oregon Health Authority certifies registrants to process cannabinoid extracts, registrants are prohibited from processing cannabinoid extracts. Also, this bill requires OHA to develop rules regulating the processing of marijuana extracts. The OLCC is required to develop rules regulating the processing of marijuana extracts. And, the bill requires that both the OHA and OLCC work together in establishing these rules. It also defines what is and is not considered cannabinoid extract. This is not the only bill dealing with extraction, but may be one of the vehicles to address safety concerns and other, more specific, regulations.
HOUSE BILL 2676 HB 2676 is the mother-ship of bills this session. Called an omnibus bill, it addresses many areas of the law. It will evolve over the legislative session through work groups, private meetings and as a result of hearings and public testimony. This bill transfers the regulation of medical marijuana dispensaries from the Oregon Health Authority to the Oregon Liquor Control Commission. The OLCC will register medical marijuana sites, processing sites, wholesale sites and individuals who perform work that requires handling marijuana. Contrary to concerns, this bill does not change the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program. However is does create a system where both the medical and recreation commercial markets can be licensed and in the same facility.
The author is a Portland criminal defense and Cannabis compliance attorney at Margolis Law. www.criminaldefensepdx.com
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By MIGGY420, MINDI GRIFFITHS, DANIELLE VITALE O’BRIEN, SAMANTHA JOHNSON, CHRIS JOHNSON & KRISTIN FLOR
>> News from the front lines of tHE HUMAN SOLUTION
FEBRUARY PRISONER UPDATE PRISON OUTREACH This month we acknowledge our special loved
ones with gifts and have a day off for Presidents Day. February also is — to prisoners — the only month with less than 30 days. Prisoners don’t have the luxury of hating or loving Valentine’s Day; it’s just another day behind walls. Prisoners don’t get a mandatory day off because of dead presidents; prisoners don’t get days off, period. Prisoners don’t get to have intimate romantic moments or barbecues while drinking a beer. Instead, they get a cell with a hundred of the worst roommates. Recently, one of our beloved prisoners, Craig Cesal, who is serving his 14th year of a life sentence in prison for our plant, lost a son at the age of 23 and was denied the ability to attend his wake or funeral. As a prisoner, he has been denied humanity over a plant, denied compassion and treated like a criminal when there has been no victim. Condolences and cards of compassion can be sent to Craig Cesal, No. 52948-019, FCI Greenville, Federal Correctional Institution, PO Box 5000, Greenville, IL 62246. Losing a child and not being able to be with them is far more punishing than most crimes. The time Craig has already lost to be a dad to his son cannot be returned, but he still has time to be a father to his daughter. Don’t let this tragedy go without notice; you don’t have to belong to a group to be an activist and make a difference.
Antonio Bascaro, 80, has served the longest
term in federal custody for marijuana: 35 years with four more to go. His sentence has been cruel and unusual for the ‘crime’ committed. It is solely based on marijuana and the nature of his crime. He played a small part in a smuggling operation. Everyone from the boss to fellow conspirators have been released, yet somehow this Cuban hero who fought at the Bay of Pigs has been forgotten. It has taken good conduct for 3 1/2 decades, back surgery
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ANTONIO BASCARO, 80, HAS SERVED THE LONGEST TERM IN FEDERAL CUSTODY FOR MARIJUANA: 35 YEARS WITH FOUR MORE TO GO.
and old age for Antonio to prove, finally, that he is not a threat to society. He now lives in a medium security facility in south Florida. Antonio was lost in the judicial system. He is a prime example of how the war on drugs affects minority communities. A single man who was a good father, he had no one to tell his tale for another 30 years; that would be up to his daughter. Antonio’s daughter pushes diligently for her father’s release. Could you imagine if the only person that could help a loved one was the president of the United States?
“My dad disappeared from my life when I was 12, almost 13,” she told me as we went over her father’s story. One can only imagine the life his children had, growing up thinking their father was a criminal. Then you learn life lessons and realize marijuana is safer than most legal substances and that the war on drugs is not here to protect citizens but to control and manipulate them. Antonio was not a criminal then, nor would he be considered one today in Washington, Oregon, Alaska and Colorado. Antonio was just an employee when he was arrested; it was just another day at work. Whether he transported, coordinated or sold marijuana, his role in the crime is insignificant, because no one should go to jail for a plant. The Human Solution International recently started the DeLisi Project, which aims to raise awareness about the case of Richard DeLisi before his hearing review after serving 26 years of a 90year sentence for pot. The hearing has passed and Richard was denied release, but that’s no reason for anyone to give up. THSI has now implemented The DeLisi Project — Plan B. We’re calling upon you to reach out to Florida Gov. Rick Scott and express how this incarceration is unjust and unacceptable. Talking points can be found on The Human Solution International website: thsintl.org. The phone number is 1-850-717-9337. Please let the governor know that jail is no place for an elderly man convicted in the 1980s for something that is now legal in four states and our country’s capital.
NORTHWEST NEWS BELLINGHAM — After a painful and heartbreak-
ing court battle, little “Jerry Berry” has been returned to his family. During the past three months, Vicca and Jesse Thompson, Cannabis activists who adopted Craig Cesal, have undergone drawn-out court hearings concerning the placement of Jerry, their 5-year-old son.
During their battle, the Thompsons found support from The Human Solution International, William Fischer of the Fight for Lilly Foundation, and Serra Frank from Moms for Marijuana — all nonprofit support and activism groups. On Jan. 7, the court erupted with joy over the decision to return Jerry home. After a month and a half of being away from his loving parents, Jerry was returned to his mother and father. The morning of the hearing, Human Solution members rallied in front of the courthouse holding signs saying Vicca and Jesse are good parents. Since Jerry’s return, the Thompson home has been bustling with activity, from sorting Legos to having ABC’s “20/20” come to their home for interviews. Two things were apparent in this case. One, no matter how upstanding the citizen, one person with a prohibition mindset could turn your life upside down. Second, the power of like-minded individuals does make a difference. The Thompsons have often expressed how much of a difference they feel it made to have THSI and others in their corner.
we were and gave him a solidarity ribbon and he wore it for our prisoners. He also signed cards for George Martorano and James Romans, the prisoners Seattle Hempfest adopted. If you would like to adopt a prisoner, please visit our website.
Debbie Brechler and Josh Mauk – Debbie
dicott of Portland, is in need of court support. He was arrested in Henrietta, Texas, in October 2013. He and his family were moving to Florida, and he had his medication with him in a car-top carrier. The jailers in the small Texas jail appeared to have compassion and processed him quickly. He was released and he continued on his way. Shortly thereafter, Jason fell on hard times and became homeless. He was not aware of a warrant for his arrest in connection with the 2013 incident until he was pulled over in Clackamas County on Dec. 22. The more than 24 hours Jason spent in the Clackamas County Jail was one of the worse experiences of his life. Jason has diabetes and was ill while waiting for his bail hearing. The authorities only checked his sugar levels twice. He was transported to the hospital and treated, but upon his return to jail, he was left in isolation and not monitored. THSI and the Endicott family are asking for court support for an extradition hearing set for Feb. 20 at 3 p.m. Please come to the courtroom and make your voice heard. The family fears for Jason’s health if he is incarcerated, even for a short period, let alone the 40-year maximum sentence he faces. The hearing will be at the Clackamas County Courthouse at 807 Main St., Oregon City. Let’s fill the courthouse with solidarity ribbons and show how community support is vital to the outcome of unjust cases.
and Josh are still fighting their case. Their case has been continued until Feb. 4 at 1 p.m. in Kent. This might be the day they decide whether they are going to take their case to trial.
Kettle Falls 5 – Regardless of the bill Congress
passed in December that blocks the DEA from using federal money to prosecute medical marijuana patients, the Kettle Falls 5 are still facing trial. Charges have not been dropped, and their trial is now scheduled to start at 8:30 a.m. on Feb. 23 at the Thomas S. Foley US Courthouse in downtown Spokane. Larry Harvey, one of the five family members, is sick and his health cannot be compromised by the inadequate health care offered in prison. Please call Michael Ormsby at 509-353-2767 and ask him to stop prosecuting MMJ patients. If this goes to trial and all 12 jurors find them guilty of breaking the federal Schedule 1 drug laws, they face 60 lonely years in prison.
Washington plant prisoner research —
Do you know anyone from Washington who is in jail for our plant? State Sen. Karen Fraser, D-Lacey, would like to know. Dana Greetham, our Capitol City Chapter coordinator (Olympia), was asked by the senator to research prisoners from Washington. If you know anyone, or would like to join our research team, please e-mail Dana at danagreetham@ gmail.com. King County Chapter Coordinator Sonia Leyva attended the Washington Cannabis Summit event and ran into Tommy Chong. Sonia explained who
Judge Cramer to schedule the next court date. He is reviewing a defense motion to dismiss the cultivation charges she and her co-defendant face. Joy stands firmly on the grounds that she is protected by federal law because her garden is part of a spiritual sanctuary and Cannabis is used as a sacrament in the Oklevueha Native American Church, where she is a leader. This case and the fear of a 10-year term has taken a major toll on Joy’s health. THSI is assisting in the fight for a speedy end to her nightmare.
NATIONAL NEWS Jason Endicott’s family fears for his health
Oregon Update — A new defendant, Jason En-
Joy Graves is anxiously awaiting at this time for
In December, Andrea Harps, a mother of four
in Maryland, was sent to jail. She did not have much support and she lost an unfair fight at trial on marijuana charges. She turned herself in last month shortly after giving birth. Correspondence can be sent to Andrea Sheron Harps, No. 122313, Harford County Detention Center, 45 S Main St., Bel Air, MD 21014.
Fortunately for Tamara Hudson , a moth-
er in Michigan, will not be going to jail. The judge sentenced her to probation. She had lots of support, proving that court support and letters to judges work.
While the war hurts us all, we cannot al-
low it to continue another minute. Trials are going on across the nation. Soon, Jason Andrews (California), Chris Martin (Arizona), Amanda Latz (Michigan), Michael Thompson (Florida), Todd Stimson (North Carolina), and more defendants are going to trial. They can turn into our next plant prisoners if they are found guilty. Please, help educate your town about their jury rights and a juror’s right to say, “Not guilty!” if they believe the law is unjust. Are you a leader? Would you like to start a chapter to help educate your community, provide prisoners with outreach, and be there for our defendants? If so, please call 951-934-0055 and we will help you get a chapter launched by providing training and everything you need to put a stop to prohibition in your community. Please remember: No victim = No crime = Not guilty because no one deserves to go to prison or die for our plant!
You can help drug war prisoners. Visit www.Thsintl.org to learn about this mission. feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
8 QUESTIONS FOR THE LEGEND
Editor Wes Abney sits down with the iconic pot actor/activist/dancer on a recent roll through Seattle about his new legal marijuana ventures, C & C, and why he’s still fighting for pot around the globe.
Tommy Chong #1 Tell me about your early roots with Cannabis?
#4 Why do you enjoy about using and growing Cannabis?
I had my first experience with Cannabis in Calgary, Alberta. I was turned on to it by a jazz musician bass player named Eddie Wong, and he gave me a joint and a Lenny Bruce record and the joint lasted me for about a month. So the first time I got high was off his joint, and then he sent me home with another. I went home and listened to “Lonely Woman” and it changed my life. I think a week later I quit school and knew my life was going in a different direction. I soon moved to Vancouver, where I really started using as a musician and comedian, and started growing later when I moved to LA. Since then, I’ve gotten stoned with some of the greatest people on the planet.
Cannabis makes you forget in a good way. It makes you live in the moment. That’s why moments are so huge. When you are high, you can hear every note played in a song, you can see beyond our world. Especially at night you can see universes and galaxies that are beyond our own little world. If you can’t afford a dog or adopt a child, the next best thing is growing your own pot plant. People should grow because they learn. You learn the secret of the universe by taking a seed and having it evolve in front of your eyes. You grow your own universe, and it teaches you proportion. Just like in life we need to take care of our own universe. I used to say to bodybuilders, if you’re going to abuse your body, then you better have a body to abuse. If you are going to be effective in this world, you must make sure you are healthy, and growing Cannabis is a part of that.
#2 Do you use Cannabis medicinally? I used MMJ to get rid of my prostate cancer. It worked. I still use Cannabis daily, smoking more on some days than others. It is the original medicine. Cannabis was used initially by Chinese as a medicine, then Mexicans as a medicine, and 5,000 years ago it was used in Africa and by almost all indigenous people as medicine and for spiritual enhancement. So regardless of what you want to call it, “recreation” or whatever, it is still medicine. You are using medicine for your recreation.
I ENJOY THE FEELING OF A QUIET AUDIENCE AS MUCH AS A STANDING OVATION.
#3 How did you treat your cancer? how are you doing now? It was day by day. I knew smoking alone didn’t help with the cancer, so I called Dr. Neil McKinney in Victoria, B.C. He suggested a lot of changes to my diet, a no-sugar diet, and that I start using Cannabis oil suppositories. So I researched Rick Simpson Oil, and saw his special on YouTube where he cured melanoma on the face with Cannabis. A friend named Relm made my suppositories for me, and I started treatment immediately. I joke about it too; they’re suppositories so I tell people that I’d light a candle and play some jazz, find some loose fitting pajamas, and then break out the coconut oil, and usually people are laughing by then. But really it’s not a head high by any means; it is a serious medicine. You don’t get high, and I am officially cancer-free. Of course everybody has cancer cells in their body but mine are at low levels now. You have to deal with it holistically, with the diet and lifestyle change along with medical Cannabis treatment.
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#5 How has comedy been a tool for you to educate about Cannabis, and what do you think it means in today’s world?
In 1978, Cheech and my stage act featured the Pedro and Man characters, and “Up In Smoke” was really supposed to be our greatest hits, but it ended up us concentrating on one bit. That’s the movie when we were musicians on search for a joint and ended up driving around in van made of pot. From then on, we were known as pot movie makers. But today things are different. People don’t expect jokes any more, not so much. I recently performed at a golf course with an audience mostly of Republicans, and they expected mostly their type of jokes. But I enjoy the feeling of a quiet audience as much as a standing ovation. Because you are affecting them. They don’t like to be touched. Now I’ve been around long enough that any reaction is a good reaction.
t h e i n t e r vi e w c o n t i n u e s p. 2 0
I’VE GOTTEN STONED WITH SOME OF THE GREATEST PEOPLE ON THE PLANET.”
feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
8 QUESTIONS FOR THE LEGEND
Tommy Chong Continued from pg. 18
I ACTUALLY DON’T THINK ABOUT MY LEGACY.”
#6 Can you share a bit about your time in prison? did it shape your view of the justice/prison system? Operation Pipe Dream targeted my family for making glass bongs. It was a mixture of horror and indignation. I felt violated. I felt like a black man in the South. I took the hit for a lot of reasons, mainly for my own selfish reasons because I was curious about jail. I grew up with people who had been in jail, so when my opportunity came to participate there was a part of me that wondered what it would be like. Now I see what the private prisons are doing. There is so much greed in this world, especially corporate greed that affects everybody. Private prisons are not interested in freedom or justice, they are interested in profit. They are interested in slave labor. That’s why they like arresting stoners. We are the best prisoners ... we are intelligent, respectful and we work. That’s our makeup. Whatever we do, we do well.
#7 What was going onto national TV for “Dancing with the Stars” like? I am proud. My thoughts lately are more on what I did on “Dancing With the Stars” than my other accomplishments. It was a culmination of my lifestyle. My love of music and love of Cannabis all came together with the dance. It was incredible, it was like a dream. It was like it wasn’t really happening. Like wow, I was an observer, not just a dancer.
#8 What do you see as your legacy with Cannabis, what is your advice for people today pushing to legalize Cannabis across the world? I actually don’t think about my legacy. My son and I have a podcast called the “Chong Show,” and in the coming months we are going to concentrate on the “Chong Show” and appear live in various venues and places and really carry the message. We are part evangelists in that sense. Cannabis is the burning bush that God talked about. The burning bush talks to me every night. As for advice, we need to get rid of the perception of fear about Cannabis. We tolerate alcohol, and alcohol will take away your consciousness. People will fight a brick wall when they are drunk. But pot doesn’t do that. Pot enhances your consciousness. So I see hope
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for the future. My advice is to listen to what people have to say. Even those against pot, because eventually they will hear their own voice and realize how it sounds. So don’t argue, but listen and suggest. You learn a lot by listening, and then you can try to work with their plans and find a system that works for everybody. My final piece of advice to everyone is to grow pot not for money, but for love.
bridge city collective
By WILL FERGUSON for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
The beautiful woodwork was done by Brace & Bit in Portland.
BRIDGE CITY COLLECTIVE has a fine selection
A VARIETY of potent medibles were on
AN ARRAY of concentrated medicine
of indicas, sativas and hybrids, and strain genetics that are exclusive to the collective. Reimbursement rates for flower are $8 to $12 per gram for strains such as Obama Kush, Cherry Pie and Cannatonic. Sample jars are well-labeled and allow patients to get a good look at strains before making a purchase.
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the shelves and available for patients. Jolly Green Troches, Sour Bhotz and Taste of Cascadia were a few of the vendors with products on display. Patients can browse medicated options that include oatmeal cookies, sour gummies, chocolate bars and several pastries.
was on the shelves. A variety of C02 extracts were available from vendors, including Golden XTRX and the C02 company, and a few strains of inhouse BHO. Wax or crumble werenâ€™t available, but solventless bubble hash is to come in the near future.
a rom a : d e nsi ty: cure: appearance: f lavor : effe c t: tota l: 24/30
WHEREâ€™S MY BIKE?
THE POTENT STRAIN comes from a hybrid cross of Biker Kush and Amnesia Haze. This pheno leans heavily toward the Haze side â€” we noticed strong aromatic hints of lemon citrus terpenes. We enjoyed this flower through a clean water pipe and noticed a smooth, earthy lemon flavor coupled with a euphoric head high, yet relaxing body effects. This strain is perfect for patients who need relief from chronic pain without experiencing the lethargic effects that indicas can sometimes produce. Patients seeking a well-balanced hybrid should try it out.
26.89% THC // 0.04% CBD
TEST results by oregon analytical services
A MODERN ENVIRONMENT with a
TWO LOCATIONS make Bridge
spacious waiting room and handcrafted, wooden display cases with a variety of products. Plenty of nice natural light provides a relaxing atmosphere.Helpful chart in lobby offers easy insight to new patients. Patients are encouraged to take their time while selecting medicine.
CHAMP is an indica-cross of two landrace strains
and is another genetic we have only seen at Bridge City Collective. When smoked through organic raw papers, our tastebuds were overwhelmed with a sweet, tangy flavor. The joint burned clean white ash reflecting a proper flush of nutrients. As for the effects, about 15 minutes after medicating, we sank into a couch-locking stone that eliminated our chronic pain. The Champ strain is ideal for patients with nausea, pain or anxiety.
a r o ma : den si t y: c u r e: appearance: f lavo r : ef f ec t: t o ta l: 25/30
15.78% thc // 0.15% CBD TEST results by green leaf lab
City Collective one of the more convenient access points around Portland. The resource centers can be reached easily by public transportation. Bridge City Collective is a patient-tailored resource center that deserves to be checked out by OMMP patients.
BRIDGE CITY COLLECTIVE
215 SE Grand Ave. Portland (pictured) 4312 N. Williams Ave. Portland, OR 97217 (503) 384-2955 Bridgecitycollective.com
Plenty of natural light provides a relaxing atmosphere in the lobby. feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
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hristine Martinez is a Portland medical Cannabis patient who can’t smoke pot because her doctor won’t allow it. She’s being pushed into potentially life-threatening surgery to deal with severe pain resulting from her cancer treatment and ever-present back spasms, all because her insurance provider and doctors refuse to give her medical treatment if she uses Cannabis. What Martinez is going through is a phenomena of modern health care called “gunpoint medicine.” Doctors across the country have used threatening contracts requiring patients not to partake in cannabis use if they want treatment. For Martinez, doctors forced her to abstain
wHEN HEALTHCARE MEANS NOT CARING AT ALL At 52 years old, Martinez isn’t afraid to admit she’s used Cannabis as med-
icine. But what she is afraid of is losing her medical insurance. She’s battled sciatica, a condition that results in severe nerve spasms and muscle pain, since her teens. Without painkillers, she was barely able to function in a normal way for most her adult life. Then things quickly began to get much worse. She started feeling sick in 2008. At the time, she wasn’t smoking marijuana, and doctors thought the pain was caused by sciatica. Martinez didn’t believe it. Eventually, a pain specialist discovered Martinez had a type of bone cancer called plasmactyoma. “In 2008 I started getting sick. I hadn’t been smoking pot for a while because of my job as a baker, and the doctors thought my pain was from my sciatica. I suffered for 18 months while multiple doctors told me it was just in my head,” those are conflicting statements, I would take this quote out and tell the story. You have a quote stack and the next quote is more powerful anyway. she said. “Even when I could barely walk and had lost 100 pounds and was so sick, they still blamed me. It wasn’t until a pain specialist found my cancer by accident in an X-ray that they realized I had plasmacytoma, a bone cancer.” With her diagnosis came more tests and more painful treatments, including chemotherapy. Then a friend unexpectedly delivered a breakthrough. “A friend brought out a joint to smoke one afternoon, and it made me feel so much better,” Martinez said. “I felt better immediately. My back stopped hurting, and it relaxed me. It was like, ‘Oh my God, I should have been doing this all along.’ ” In early 2010, she began using Cannabis as medicine and registered as an Oregon medical Cannabis patient. She immediately began growing her own medicine, and while learning to grow used local dispensaries. Sativa-dominant
flowers tend to work best for her condition, and after some exploration, she discovered Cannabis oil treatment would help her worst ailment. “It relaxed me enough to where the pain wasn’t so bad,” she said. “You don’t think about the pain as much when you are medicated.” The shift to using Cannabis medicinally surprised Martinez. She started seeing marijuana as more than a recreational drug. She saw it as a much-needed medicine. Martinez’s health care provider disagreed. When she disclosed her use of MMJ, her medical file was flagged for substance abuse, and she was forced to sign a contract that gave up her ability to use Cannabis. She became subject to monthly urine analysis to test for THC. “The urine test is just horrible; it made me feel like I’m a child, like I can’t rule my own life. It made me feel like a criminal, like an addict. That’s how they treat me now,” Martinez said. Martinez is now cancer-free, but said that without access to Cannabis, post-treatment pain could stay with her the rest of her life. She is considering having surgery to install a neurostimulator, a battery-powered device designed to deliver electrical stimulation to the brain, central and peripheral nervous system. The machine could block pain signals from reaching her brain, so she doesn’t feel them. But the surgery could also leave her paralyzed or in even more pain. Given the choice she would rather use pot to relieve the pain. Martinez said she feels hopeless without access to medical Cannabis treatment. “I don’t know what the future holds for me right now,” she said. “It’s kind of scary that I don’t know. My big thing is I want to help others who have to go through this. No one should have to go through this.”
MARTINEZ IS NOW CANCER-FREE, BUT SAID THAT WITHOUT ACCESS TO CANNABIS, PAIN COULD STAY WITH HER THE REST OF HER LIFE, EVEN WITH ANOTHER SURGERY.
feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STRAIN OF THE MONTH By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
This intense hybrid is one of
the most potent strains we have ever reviewed. We prepared our bong one recent Saturday morning for this 30 percent THC monster with a fresh cleaning and new water, and mentally steeled ourselves for a blissful morning of sugar laden cereal and hilarious Youtube videos. If you doubt the test results, try this strain. We laughed when a friend described it as “heavy.” Heavy didn’t even do it justice after smoking, though. The high is mentally sharp while dealing a death blow to pain, making it a perfect choice for daytime use. Our symptoms of early morning joint pain and stiffness were elevated quickly after toking, but without the usual lethargy of a heavy Indica in the morning. Sounds and light moved slower and comedy became funnier, all while our pain and anxiety slowly slipped into the back of our consciousness. The smoke profile of this delicious flower is heavy on the sweet, almost like a handful fruity pebbles dropped into your lungs. The exhale is pungent and spicy and hits the nose hard, building up a heavy spice that leaves you tickled. Still, it’s a very smooth smoke without any dirty flavor, even after a couple tokes into a bowl. Overall this flower is a great choice for pain, muscle spasms, anxiety, depression, stress or simply a bad Monday. We’ve all been there.
Available From Greeley Gallery
6512 North Greeley Ave. Portland, OR 97217 503-889-0729 www.greeleygallerypdx.com Test Results by Sunrise Analytical
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passes microbial test
30.5% thc >> A great choice for pain, muscle spasms, anxiety, depression, stress or simply a bad Monday...
GRAND MASTER CHEM
By OREGON LEAF CONTRIBUTORS | PHOTO by DANIEL BERMAN
HOW TO SPICE UP
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Low Dose Chocolate Truffle by Leif Medicinals
$8 Serving Size: One Truffle 19.3mg THC
This truffle is a perfectly balanced treat to help you relax this Valentine’s Day. The sweet taste and clearly high quality chocolate are complemented by a nicely regulated dose of 19mg of THC. Try a second one if your sweet tooth is calling.
Val u e: Tas t e: Effect: Packaging: Ov er al l : 17.5/20
CBD Energy Sticks by Glenn and Jerry
$1.50 Serving Size: One tube 1g cbd
Glenn & jerry have de-
THE SCORE veloped a deliciously sweet Val u e: snack with these CBD enTas t e: ergy sticks. Made with tasty Effect: honey and a infused tincture, Packaging: these are a great value and Ov er al l : 16/20 fun to sip on. Honey is also known to be a wonderful aphrodisiac, making it an excellent choice while preparing your outfit and getting ready for that Valentine’s date!
Joint Rub by Doctor Guerilla
2 oz. jar 13.6mg thc PER GRAM
This rub is made with organic
Cannabis-Infused Oil Therapeutic Soaking Salts
THE SCORE ingredients and is an effective way for patients to treat chronb l en d : ic joint and muscle pain. The ar o ma: soothing blend of wintergreen val u e: effects: and tea tree create an aromatic Ov er al l : 17/20 topical that’s easy to apply to affected areas. After applying it, we noticed our chronic back and joint pain began to fade about 10 minutes after application. Topicals are ideal for patients seeking pain relief without the lethargic effects associated with chronic pain medicine. -Will
$8 4oz $25 16oz 3.5mg thc 1.8mg cbd/GRAM serving open the opaque packages
THE SCORE and light scents of mint and lavender escape, filling the bl e n d : aroma: room once the salts slip into va l ue : the warm water. In just a few effects: minutes of soaking, the salts Ov e r a l l : 20/20 moisturize your skin without making your skin oily. After 10 minutes, you can feel the tension slip from parts of your body. Comfort levels continue to rise as the soak continues and the larger muscles of your body relax to a point of feeling light and well-rested. These Cannabis-infused salts produce a full-body calming effect that isn’t overpowering and can help ease deep muscle aches that are typically targets of massage. The feeling continues for roughly an hour afterward and leaves your skin feeling softer. To take full use of the moment, do some light stretching after your bath and couple the entire experience with forms of sensual activity, including candles, light music and extra time for rest afterward. -Jake Thom
Cannabis Cure-All Sensual Tincture by Luminous Botanicals
Serving Size: 0.8ml/1 dropper 20mg THC
A groundbreaking tincture
THE SCORE with plenty of different uses, including some that bring the Va l ue : boudoir into the picture. Ta s te : The sensual tincture is edible E f f e c t: Packaging: and can also be applied topiOv e r a l l : 20/20 cally, though you should test it on a non-sensitive area of skin for any allergic reactions. Try relaxing with this tincture and using it to spice up a couple’s massage or more this Valentine’s Day.
By LAURIE WOLF for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF for OREGON LEAF
Makes 4-6 servings
2/3 cup white choc. chips/melts 1-2 tablespoons Canna-butter
HOT CHOCOLATE WITH WHITE CHOCOLATE CANNABIS HEART
Decorations of your choice 1/3 cup unsweetened cocoa 3/4 cup sugar Pinch salt
February is chocolate month! Now that we know chocolate has impressive medical benefits
1/3 cup boiling water
— antioxidants, fiber and minerals — we can indulge
3 cups milk
without guilt. For Cannabis and chocolate lovers, we have
1/2 cup half-and-half 1 teaspoon vanilla
three delectable, easy to infuse delights to enjoy this month. Have a Valentine’s Day filled with hugs, love and bud. Be your own best friend sometimes. You deserve it!
TASTY TIP: White chocolate, although not really chocolate, is amazing with Cannabis. Yes, you want to taste that Cannabis a bit, and I don’t usually say that when cooking green.
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1) Place parchment paper on your work surface. In a small saucepan with a double boiler, heat the white chocolate. Add the canna-butter and mix well. With a small spoon, make little hearts with the melted chocolate. If you draw hearts on the paper with a Sharpie, flip the parchment over and you can follow the outlines. Decorate the hearts as desired. Allow the hearts to set for at least 30 minutes. Set aside. 2) In a saucepan, combine the cocoa, sugar and salt. Blend in the boiling water. 3) Simmer gently and stir for 2 to 3 minutes. Stir in the milk and half-and-half, but do not boil. Heat for an additional 4 to 5 minutes, stirring frequently. Remove from heat and add vanilla. Divide among 4 to 6 mugs. Top each with a white chocolate heart and stir to medicate!
More recipes pg. 42
By LAURIE WOLF for OREGON LEAF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF for OREGON LEAF
CANNA-COOKIES WITH PECANS AND COCONUT INGREDIENTS
1 cup butter, softened 1/4 cup canna-butter, softened 1 2/3 cups granulated sugar 2 eggs 1 tablespoon vanilla 2 2/3 cups flour 3/4 cup unsweetened cocoa 1 teaspoon baking soda Pinch salt 1/2 cup coconut, shredded 1/2 cup pecans, chopped
Makes about 48 tasty cookies 1) Heat oven to 340 F. In a large bowl, cream together the butters and sugar until light in color and fluffy. Add the eggs one at a time and stir in the vanilla.
2. Combine the flour, cocoa, baking soda and salt in a separate large bowl. Add to the creamed mixture. Add the coconut and pecans and mix well. Place the dough by heaping teaspoons on parchment-lined baking sheets. 3) Bake approx. 9-10 min. Cookies will stay soft until fully cooled. Enjoy these delights and have a Happy Valentineâ€™s Day, readers!
This easy recipe makes a bunch of servings, depending on the size of the hearts you make.
3 cups chocolate melts or chips 2-3 tablespoons Canna-oil Decorations of your choosing
1) In a large saucepan with a double boiler, melt the chocolate with the canna-oil. Stir until smooth. 2) Draw hearts on parchment paper in whatever size you like. Flip the paper over and ensure you can see the outlines of the hearts. 3) Fill in the hearts with the melted chocolate, leaving a few tablespoons for drizzling over the decorations. Top the chocolate with decorations and allow to set for at least 30 min. If desired, drizzle with the remaining melted chocolate and again wait until itâ€™s fully set.
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Wide selection of nutrients and soil Friendly, knowledgeable, experienced staff 100% locally owned
6850 N. Interstate Ave Portland, OR 97217 || 503-285-4768
46/feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
device of the month
ASSAULT FAIRY #1
feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
to create the set of three glass pieces.
$5,000 // Five days
Photos by HeadLife Media for Oregon Leaf
Glass by Darby x Banjo
Photos by HeadLife Media for Oregon Leaf
Cornerstone Glass, Eugene, OR
Jan. 17, 2015
FEATURING ART & DEMONSTRATIONS BY Buck, Cowboy, Darby & Jason Lee, Arron Siverson, Bob Snodgrass, Dellene, Gemini Andy, Jahnny Rise, John Bridges, Josh Ford, Josh McDaniel, Kimmo, Matty White, Mike Philpot, and Sleek.
OREGON GLASS CELEBRATION Photos from an all-day bash featuring Oregonâ€™s finest glass artists, plus live music, free demonstrations and plenty of great cameraderie. 48/feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
feb. 2015 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By WES ABNEY
Knowing which type of Cannabis you want to ingest will help you achieve the proper medicinal effects and a comfortable experience
SATIVAS vs. INDICAS Sativa strains are known for their energizing properties and euphoria. While most patients enjoy Sativa’s in the morning or daytime, they are acceptable for use whenever one isn’t trying to sleep. The effects associated with Sativa’s are great for social outings, and can make everyday activities much more pleasurable. Sativas can make you feel giggly and happy!
Indica strains are known for a more pronounced body sensation, with less cerebral stimulation, though a heavy “medicated” mental state often comes with Indica strains. Indica’s are best for later in the day/night time use, and are optimal for pain relief and relaxation. If you ever wondered what kind of a strain left you couchlocked, it was an Indica.
• • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • •
stimulating and uplifting Energizing, thought-provoking Increases focus and creativity Supports immune system Reduces nausea Stimulates the appetite Fights depression uplifting, cerebral effect Promotes creativity
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Relieves headaches and migraines spasms, reduces seizures Reduces inflammation Combats anxiety and stress Reduces nausea Pain Reducer Sleep Aid Appetite Stimulater Muscle relaxant
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Harvest time at Farmer Tom Lauerman’s property in Vancouver, Washington. Photo by Daniel Berman/ Oregon Leaf
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health & science A BOTANICAL MONOGRAPH
THE SECRET POWER of stevia Medicinal uses:
Stevia has been widely used for diabetes in South America and animal studies have had promising results. Stevioside has demonstrated blood-pressure-lowering effects.
For centuries, the natives of Paraguay used Stevia, which they called ka’a he’ê (“sweet herb”) as a sweetener in yerba mate and other foods, and as a medicinal agent. Extracts of leaves from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni have been used for many years in traditional treatment of diabetes in South America. Paraguay’s rural and indigenous populations have used Stevia for the control of fertility. Stevioside, a natural plant glycoside isolated from the plant Stevia rebaudiana, has been commercialized as a noncaloric sweetener in Japan for more than 20 years.
BY OREGON LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR SCOTT D. ROSE
Drug interactions: Drug-herb interactions are very rare.
Stevia Rebaudiana is a perennial shrub growing to 80 cm., native to South America, mostly Paraguay.
Side effects & toxicity:
No major contraindications, warnings or side effects have been documented. Stevioside was found to be nontoxic in acute toxicity studies in a variety of laboratory animals.
5 to 15 milliliters per week (1:2 tincture) as a flavoring agent. Higher doses might be necessary for therapeutic effect. Many Stevia products are on the shelves at grocery stores, with familiar brand names including Truvia and PureVia.
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Just the leaves of the Stevia plant
The leaf of the Stevia plant contains sweet components, called steviol and steviol glycosides, which include stevioside, dulcoside A, rebaudioside A, B, C, D, F and others. These compounds possess as much as 250x the sweetness of sucrose.
Contraindications have not been identified. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Powdered Stevia products and liquid should have a slight hint of green. If they don’t have a hint of green, they might be overly processed, which is not ideal.
Try using stevia at home: www.truvia.com/recipes
A GA IN I
health & science
H O W T O E X P LOD E Y O U R P OT E N T I A L WHAT ’S ON YOUR MIND?
BY OREGON LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCOTT D. ROSE
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The word “mind” is used in that context to refer to the collection of thoughts, feelings and emotions that swirl around in the gray matter of your brain. Your mindset is composed of a particular way of thinking, an attitude or set of opinions. The mindset is shaped in childhood and continues to be influenced by other people and occurrences in one’s surroundings throughout life. Decades of research on the topic has shown that two predominant mindsets exist at almost polar opposites and we have learned much about how these mind-
sets affect the outcome of one’s potential and success later on in life. For the sake of simplicity, those two mindsets are discussed as a dichotomy or as a kind of black and white approach to life: the fixed mindset and the growth mindset. With a fixed mindset, you’re only as good as your performance, and your sense of self-worth is on the line with everything you do. Failure is to be avoided at all costs. With a growth mindset, you embrace challenging opportunities because you know you can reach your highest potential only by consistently pushing your boundaries. Individuals with growth mindsets know that working hard is the best way to tap into their potential and ultimate success. The fixed mindset is the belief that one’s basic qualities, including intelligence, personality and character, are etched in stone. If people feel they have a fixed amount of intelligence or of certain personality traits, then they must prove themselves over and over because every situation calls for confirmation and evaluation. Those with a growth mindset don’t just seek challenges, they thrive on them. Those with fixed mindsets are too busy confirming their intelligence or talents rather than developing them. The belief is that talent alone creates success without putting in any effort. If there is no try, there is no reason why. With no effort put forth there is no need to explain failure (nothing ventured nothing lost). How do people know what mindset they have? Can the mindset be changed? Should it be? Can an individual possess both mindsets at once? The mindset is created at an early age, through influences such as parents, teachers, friends, IQ tests and sports. One societal pressure that shapes the mindset is intelligence testing. The IQ test was never intended to measure “unchangeable” intelligence. The test was devised to discover which children were not benefiting from the public school system in Paris during the early 20th century. Low test scores would indicate lagging or lacking skills. The plan was to create educational programs for those kids to get them back on track. But the IQ score has become a burden — you are smart, or you’re not. It is within the individual’s power to do change their mindset. Some people possess a growth mindset in certain areas and a fixed mindset in others. If an individual has a fixed mindset and is well-functioning and does not want to change it, then keep it! But shifting from a fixed mindset to a growth mindset can increase happiness in that moment and beyond. Stanford University psychologist Carol S. Dweck should know. In one of her world-re-
nowned studies, 4-year-olds were given an easy jigsaw puzzle and then given a choice between redoing the easy puzzle or choosing a harder one. The children who exemplified fixed mindsets chose to do the easy puzzle over and over again, and those with a growth mindset chose to do the harder puzzle. Children are exuberant learners. Normally they stretch their skills daily, including the most difficult skills in a lifetime such as learning to walk and talk. What would make a child not want to choose the more difficult puzzle? The fixed mindset. As soon as children are able to evaluate themselves, many become afraid of challenges, of not being smart enough to meet the challenge. They would rather go with the safe choice of a puzzle they have already done to ensure they succeed, rather than risk becoming smarter and maybe failing in the process. In 2006, Dweck released her groundbreaking book, “Mindset: The New Psychology of Success.” Dweck’s work and principles have been part of a
zones while to those with fixed mindsets, risk and effort might expose their inadequacies. Fixed mindset people are happiest when conditions are safely within their grasps, and when challenged too much they feel stupid or untalented and they “lose interest.” That might mean not raising their hands in class unless they are certain of the answer. People with growth mindsets raise their hands even if they don’t know the answer so they can learn. In the fixed mindset, failure means a lack of confidence or potential. The fixed mindset confidence level is more fragile to setbacks. Dweck’s research has shown that people with fixed mindsets exhibit more depression. The more depressed they became, the more they let things slide, the less proactive they were toward solving their problems and the more depressed they become. It is not as though someone with a growth mindset is in a perfect state of being — people who have a growth mindset can get depressed, too. But research shows that the more
It is within the individual’s power to change their mindset. Some people possess a growth mindset in certain areas and a fixed mindset in others. compelling movement in psychology that illustrates the power of people’s beliefs. In the book, she introduces the concept of the growth mindset for the first time. Through decades of research on achievement and success she discovered the powerful influence of the mindset. It turns out that success is not only dictated by one’s abilities and talents, but what mindset those abilities and talents are approached with. “No matter what your ability is,” Dweck wrote, “effort is what ignites that ability and turns it into accomplishment.” She offers that a growth mindset creates motivation and productivity and it can enhance relationships, offering a better quality of life and the opportunity to reach one’s potential. Praising a child’s intelligence and abilities is not really building their self-esteem, and might actually jeopardize their success. There is power in the struggle. New neural pathways and new strategies are formed when choosing the more difficult puzzle. People with growth mindsets are happiest when stretching themselves beyond their comfort
depressed growth mindset people become, the more they took action to confront it and stayed on track. They realize that working hard is the best way to tap their ultimate potential. Anyone who adopts the mindset that basic abilities can be cultivated through challenging oneself rather than choosing the path of least resistance will be surprised to find they can do much more than they think. Parents must consider how they are shaping their kid’s mindsets — kids are watching, listening and absorbing everything. Make sure they are working to their fullest potential. That they are challenged and encouraged. The growth mindset can create an ambition to learn and a resilience that is the fundamental basis for reaching one’s full potential in every aspect of life. Dweck’s book offered some further sage advice for dealing with adversity you might encounter. “Picture your brain forming new connections as you meet the challenge and learn,” she wrote. “Keep on going.”
Dr. Scott D. Rose has written about Cannabis and health for years in the Northwest Leaf. He is an acupuncturist with a pain resolution practice in the Crown Hill neighborhood of Seattle.
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PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
Ex p lor ing f ool-pr oof m ethods f or g e t t ing your Ca nna bis se e ds t o g e r minat e
annabis may be a non-addicThe habit of obsessively acquiring tive medication but the same seeds has left me with two distinct cannot be said for its seeds. understandings. BY OREGON LEAF For strain collectors and pheFirst; there are many more peoSPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR no hunters like myself; each individual ple talented at marketing and enticDR. SCANDERSON Cannabis seed represents a unique geing growers to give their seeds a try netic blueprint that, if unlocked propthan there are stable, quality genetics erly, could be hiding the discovery of out there. Secondly, I rely on a firm the best medication on earth. group of methods for germination The mere possibility is simply too tempting and that has lead to consistent, 95-percent success rates. I instantly begin my quest to acquire just one of the Let’s assume for a moment you crawl over brothree last earthly packets, from the second re-reken glass to obtain the previously mentioned pack leased, original private reserve stock selection of the of impossible to obtain seeds, and then follow a super sativa seed club’s _____(your grail plant here). buddy’s advice for germination. After 10 days with The first step is recognizing you do have a problem. not so much of tap root emerging you begin to get the sinking feeling that you have destroyed what was ABSOLUTELY going to be the world’s best Cannabis. There are many more people Well if you were me, and that happened talented at marketing and enticing growers you’d feverishly research every known to give their seeds a try than there are method of germination from every source stable, quality genetics out there to use. imaginable and start working on trying all of them using that old film canister stash of
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seeds I’d been hanging onto since de-seeding my first eight in high school. What I’ve found are two distinct methods of germination I use and will be reviewing one in this month’s grow tech.
mETHOD #1 The K.I.S.S. Principle The first technique provides for the least room for error, and follows the Jorge Cervantes K.I.S.S. (keep it simple stoner) principle. To start, choose your preferred medium. I like to start my seeds in root plugs or 1.5” rockwool cubes. Before soaking them I like to create new holes then the pre-drilled holes that they come with. For root plugs I will turn them upside down so the pre-drilled hole is at the bottom. Then using a sterilized ¼ drill bit or the shell of a pen make a new hole on the new top by poking the utensil about halfway into the plug/cube. This provides a much tighter, more stable area for your seed to root and I prefer it to the larger pre formed holes for this method.
then will soak the cubes for about five minutes in reverse osmosis water that has been pH’d to 5.5. If you use rooting hormones it’s recommended to add it to the pre-treating mixture. I use time instead of rooting hormones and just need to add a basic starting nutrient mixture which for me looks like some root inoculants and light nutrient formula that’s around 2-1-2. Place the pre-treated media into a propagation complete with a humidity dome.
method that consistently produces 97%+ germination rates AND produces healthy, short and stout seedlings that produce a resistant and stable root system quickly. By removing the control over the mediums moisture saturation and minimizing the seeds exposure to multiple elements you dramETHOD #2 Using root medium matically reduce your risk for pathogenic infection, something seeds are particularly prone to. Now here’s where you need to listen VERY carefulLastly, I’m gonna go ahead and give it up to mamly to ensure your “tech” comes properly for this next ma nature as knowing just a whole lot more than step. Place the seed you would like to germinate we ever will about gardening. She doesn’t pre-gerinto the hole that you made in the plug or cube. minate her cannabis seeds, and perhaps not so coIf possible try to place the pointy end of the seed incidentally this practice of pre-germinating seeds down. Press the seed into the medium until it is prior to placing them into their medium is about 2-3mm below the surface, you should be able to see 100% unique to cannabis farming. So I have to ask just the top. Place the humidity dome on top of the myself what choices lead the majority of farmers tray and place it in the dark at 60 percent humidity (myself included) to practice this technique? and 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit and go away for a The only reasonable answer I can come up with few days. is that for those RARE (1/50 or so) instances when WITHOUT removing the dome check on seeds fail to germinate a more coddled approach the cubes to see if any sees have including pre-germination may be Drop me a line popped their “heads” above the successful. To this end I feel that firstname.lastname@example.org you’re just asking for errors. hole you made for them. Once Like my Instagram they do you can remove them from Good breeders stand behind the dark and place them under a there genetics and will leap at the Follow @DrScanderson_gT nice bright light source. opportunity to replace a bean or I place the newly sprouted seedling into a clear two assuming you properly documented your proplastic cup with saran wrap over it and place it uncess. My selection process starts at seedling, if it der MH HID lighting in my veg room. The plastic doesn’t come thundering out of its shell, it begins keep humidity nice and high and contaminants out to select itself out from the earliest of stages. I have while the seedling opens, sheds it’s shell and forms found these two areas outstanding litmus tests for it cotyledons and first set of leaves. I like to remove ensuring that you are securing and working with the saran wrap right around the formation of the the strongest genetics. cotyledons (water leaves). I also recommend you take some practice runs if A LOT of people ask me why I don’t pre-soak or possible before attempting to germinate what you pre-germinate seeds any longer or incorporate and may believe to be the next holly grail of cannabis. other “paper towel” methods. The answer is simLastly, I just want to extend a very special and sinple. I’ve tested, well lets just say hundreds of seeds cere thank you to the breeders who take the years using lots of different methods. This is the ONLY and passion to truly advance this plant.
b r e e d e r t o g r o w e r t r a n s l at i o n Limited One Time Release Untested as a mother fucka
First one I could get my hands on
Years of Experience Months of Experience
Original OG Kush Any Strain you can think of
My Old Skool Cut of... Another Breeder’s Line
Consistently Purple Have you ever won Powerball?
Girl Scout Cookie Cross Hermaphroditic/(see Original OG Kush)
Light Sweet Scent
Absolutely No Smell or Flavor
Hash Maker’s Dream
We are talking very small yields
Needs support in late flower Those are some Shoe lace stems
Once got .75g/watt with a 400 SOG
No Visible Resin Production
Odor Control Is A Must Do You Even Grow Breh
5 Main Phenotypes Wildly Unstable
Wow, Exclusive Wildly Overpriced
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out of the seven females I selected, none displayed any red
or purple coloring and so I selected for terp profile and vigor. The plant that had by far the most sophisticated Sour Cherry profile also had by far the largest yield. To that end, the bag appeal for these meds isn’t going to turn heads — until the nose gets involved. Few truly distinctive terpene profiles are found in Cannabis, but cherry is certainly one of them. The cherry fuel delivers, providing the sharp and penetrating smell of cherry cough syrup, finishing with deep sour notes. While the nug structure is nothing short of huge, it doesn’t suffer the overly fluffy fate that some of the larger diesel and haze-influenced genetics can finish with.
HOW IT GROWS The phenotype that i had a chance to work with is LA Confidential
in its growth structure far and away. This means extra, extra slow veg times. This girl a slow starter (think OGKB) throwing small three and five-leaf sets with medium internodal spacing. Vegging this plant for 2 or more months is necessary if producing a large yield is a goal. Feel free to grow her large and in charge as she will only stretch about 30% or so in flower and may stay in the stretch stage longer than other plants (25 days). Heavy pruning and branch selection is key to creating a quality yield. She grows chaotically into a bush with lots and lots of leaves. A heavy hand with branch selection and copious leaf thinning will help guide this lady to creating bulbous flower sites. With little to no nutrient sensitivity, this plant wants to beam with health. Continuing to thin leaves throughout the flower cycle will ensure adequate light penetration and air flow. This is extremely helpful to compensate for the thick, bushy plant structure that could create an ideal breeding ground for pest and disease if not managed.
BY OREGON LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCANDERSON
The appetite stimulating quality makes this an excellent choice for anyone who is suffering with wasting syndrome or nausea. LINEAGE
A one-time drop from Don and Aaron combines two of their most popular strains and results in this stunning gem. EXODUS CHEESE X LA CONFIDENTIAL
BREEDER: DNA GENETICS FLOWER TIME: 65 DAYS
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EFFECTS extremely dense
and yummily resinous buds compensate handsomely for their more delicate size with an overwhelming punch to the olfactory system. Blond crystal encrusted calyxes with deep orange and red pistils and purple and pink color twinges throughout make these blooms nothing short of admirable.The look, growth pattern and bud structure may be all LA Confidential but the terps are ALL xtra cheese with side of sour oak. The severely potent characteristics of the LA Confidential lends itself beautifully to what is usually a more sweet and yieldy (read less potent) skunk dominant gene pool of the UK Cheese. The result is a sharp white-cheddarcheeze-it scented bloom that is as savory as it is potent.
In summary, like many of the one-time drops, this is a difficult plant to find and a commitment to grow well. To those that invest the time and effort, medium yields of some of the cheesiest medication I’ve come across is sure to follow.
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A L L O . P E N VA P E P R O D U C T S C O M E W I T H A L I F E T I M E B AT T E R Y WA R R A N T Y
How to Spice up Valentine's Day with Cannabis, featuring reviews of edibles and fun products. PLUS: Interviewing Tommy Chong, patient profil...
Published on Feb 1, 2015
How to Spice up Valentine's Day with Cannabis, featuring reviews of edibles and fun products. PLUS: Interviewing Tommy Chong, patient profil...