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November 2017 issue #89

sungrown Cannabis across Washington & Southern Oregon pg. 42-61

THE HARVEST ISSUE

Blood Orange Tangie ready for a closeup at Puffin Farms in Ellensburg, Wash.


This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.


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NOVEMBER 2017

THE HARVEST ISSUE

24

PATIENT PROFILE Jason Joung tackles brain surgery

64

TASTY RECIPES

Thanksgiving Cannabis appetizers

68

GROWTECH GUIDE

Dr. Scanderson discusses hydro mediums

Treehawk Farms co-owner and sales lead Will Morrison checks out the Sunset Sherbet at their outdoor Cannabis farm in Chimacum.

Profiles by Northwest Leaf staf f | Photos by Daniel Berman

42

11 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 42 43 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 64 68 70

EDITOR’S NOTE NATIONAL NEWS WORLD NEWS HIGHLY LIKELY PATIENT PROFILE BOOK REVIEW CONCENTRATE REVIEW STRAIN OF THE MONTH THE HARVEST ISSUE SPECIAL PUFFIN FARMS TREEHAWK FARMS PICKENS MOUNTAIN CANNABIS ALTER FARMS SACRED ROOTS FARMS SUNNA RA ACRES HIGH VALLEY ORGANICS SWEDEN CBD FARM PILOT FARM TASTY RECIPES GROWTECH GUIDE BEHIND THE STRAIN

ON THE COVER Photo by Daniel Berman A macro view reveals the beauty of Blood Orange Tangie grown by Puffin Farms in Ellensburg. BACK ISSUES/OREGON//ALASKA

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MARIJUANA PRODUCTS MAY BE PURCHASED OR POSSESSED ONLY BY PERSONS 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER.


contents

THE HARVEST ISSUE

42

Sweden CBD Farm in the Applegate Valley of Southern Oregon

Profiles by Northwest Leaf staf f | Photos by Daniel Berman


NORTHWEST LEAF

the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.

editor’s note

NOV. 2017 ISSUE #89

We want to hear from you

Thanks for picking up one of my favorite issues of the year!

FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

this special edition takes us on a journey through the giant outdoor

Please get in touch to place an ad or become a drop-off location to display our magazine. Feel free to share feedback, pitches, story ideas and hot news tips. This is all our plant!

Wes abneY | Wes@NWLeaf.com | 425-219-6155

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ADVERTISING NATE WILLIAMS | NW SALES DIRECTOR nate@orleaf.com | 415-717-6985

CONTRIBUTORS STEVE ELLIOTT, NATIONAL NEWS WILL FERGUSON, FEATURES SIMONE FISCHER, FEATURES SEAN O’NEILL, ILLUSTRATION DR. SCANDERSON, GROWTECH DR. SCOTT D. ROSE, HEALTH ERIC SKELTON, DESIGN PACER STACKTRAIN, FEATURES LAURIE & BRUCE WOLF, RECIPES NATE WILLIAMS, CONCENTRATES ANNIKA WOLTERS, EDITING

Please email or call us to discuss print and online advertising opportunities in an upcoming issue. We do not sell stories or coverage. We are happy to offer design services with Kush Creative Group and provide guidance on the best approaches for promoting any medical, recreational, commercial or industrial product and pursuit. We are targeted.

Cannabis plants of Washington and Southern Oregon. These are the true giants, the old growth of Cannabis, that started as clones or seeds popping last February and March in preparation for a long summer of sunshine and growth. We’ve refined our harvest issue over the years to only include full term Cannabis plants, those grown in a single season lasting months, not light deprived greenhouse plants. Don’t get me wrong...I personally love light dep greenhouse Cannabis, but there is something special about the full season process. For the farmers and the plants, the risk and love is evident, as both rush to finish their cycle before the weather turns sour. The best part about the harvest is the farmers who have worked all year to grow their crop. This is where pot meets traditional agriculture fully. Whether growing potatoes or Cannabis, a lot of energy, sweat and faith go into growing a yearly crop. Many of the farmers I spoke with personally talked of the stress and fear of weather, of bugs, and of staking a year’s income and livelihood on a plant that grows outdoor from June until October. It is a beautiful and humble process, and one that we are proud and excited to share with our readers. I encourage all our readers to look for a full term, sungrown outdoor product this year at the local pot shop and give it a try. Smoke a fatty of some terpy, beautiful outdoor-- and as you inhale be mindful of the fact that someone spent nine months growing that plant for you to enjoy. It’s a heady thought, and makes for a mindful and fun session that might have you wanting to grow your own outdoor giant next year! —Wes Abney

THE HARVEST ISSUE

Behind the Scenes

FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF FREE DIGITAL ARCHIVES ISSUU.COM/NWLEAF WWW.N W L EAF.COM Department of Corrections

Last month’s issue had the wrong month listed in the corner of several different pages. We regret the errors.

WILL FERGUSON, DANIEL BERMAN, SIMONE FISCHER, MATTHEW MEYER & NATE WILLIAMS AT ROGANJA

nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

PHOTO BY PETER BUTSCH

FOLLOW US @NWLEAF

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national

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.

Who’s Buying What When It Comes to Washington Weed?

NEW STUDY SAYS Up To 25 Percent of Cancer Patients Use Cannabis A new study conducted in a cancer center in a state with patients are not well known. To investigate, Steven legalized medicinal and recreational marijuana Pergam, MD, MPH, of the Fred Hutchinson found that approximately one-quarter of surveyed Cancer Research Center and his colleagues surveyed patients used Cannabis in the past year, mostly for 926 patients at the Seattle Cancer Center Alliance. physical and psychological symptoms, according to The team found most patients had a strong ScienceDaily.com. interest in learning about marijuana during The study was published early online in a peer- treatment, and 74 percent wanted information reviewed journal of the American from cancer care providers. Sixty74 PERCENT OF Cancer Society. It also revealed six percent had used marijuana in CANCER PATIENTS IN legalization increased the likelihood the past, 24 percent used in the last THE STUDY WANTED INFORMATION ABOUT for use among patients. year, and 21 percent used in the last MARIJUANA TREATMENT Eight states and the District month. Most current users smoked FROM CARE PROVIDERS of Columbia have legalized or consumed marijuana primarily recreational marijuana. More than half the states for physical symptoms, such as pain and nausea, or in the U.S. have passed laws allowing for medical psychological reasons such as coping with stress, marijuana in some form. As availability and depression and insomnia. acceptance of marijuana use increases, patients will The study reports random analysis of patient have greater access to marijuana during treatment. urine samples showed that 14 percent had evidence Marijuana is known to alleviate symptoms related of recent Cannabis use, similar to the 18 percent of to cancer treatment, but patterns of use among users who reported use within the past week.

12/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Washington state’s recreational marijuana industry was recently examined by Cannabis technology and market data company Headset. The company’s market analysis, based on September sales by participating Washington marijuana retailers, yielded some interesting insights. Millennials took the lead in buying weed, at 51 percent of total purchases. Generation X was at 34 percent, while Baby Boomers came in at 15 percent. The Silent MILLENIALS Generation, age 76 and older, TOOK THE LEAD IN contributed to a handful of BUYING sales, but not enough to register WEED, AT statistically. 51 PERCENT OF TOTAL Men are the majority PURCHASES of customers in every age bracket. Women make up larger portions of the Gen X and Boomer segments, at 35 and 38 percent, respectively, than other segments. Millennial women were at 31 percent, and Silent Generation women were 22 percent of their age brackets Cannabis flowers led the way for every age group. Coming in second, however, varied depending upon age. For Millennials, concentrates came in second in popularity. Generation X likes concentrates and vape pens. Boomers lean toward vape pens and pre-rolled joints, while Silent Generation’s second most popular purchases were vape pens.


Quoted IT’S NOT THAT EVERYONE DECIDED TO START CONSUMING MARIJUANA BECAUSE IT’S LEGAL, IT’S JUST NOW THAT WE CAN REALIZE THE TAX REVENUE. —RIANA DURETT, executive director of the Nevada Dispensary Association, on the $27 million first-month marijuana sales in Nevada, more than double Oregon’s, and the subsequent tax dollars the state will receive, instead of it going to the black market.

Oregon To Begin Distributing $85 Million In Cannabis Taxes Legal marijuana is starting to pay off nicely for Oregon. The state is now distributing nearly $85 million in tax collected from legal pot sales, cite this information. The Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC), which oversees legal Cannabis, had to first reimburse the administrative costs of setting up the program. The OLCC took out a loan for $13 million to pay initial administrative costs, according to agency spokesman Mark Pettinger. Now that the money has been paid back, tax revenue can be distributed to the following budgets as indicated at right:

• $34 million to the state school fund • $17 million to mental health, alcoholism and drug services • $17 million to cities and counties • $12 million to Oregon State Police • $4 million to Oregon Housing Authority According to Oregon’s marijuana law, 40 percent goes to the Common School Fund; 20 percent to mental health, drug and alcohol treatment programs; 15 percent to the Oregon State Police; 10 percent to cities for local law enforcement; 10 percent to counties for local law enforcement; and 5 percent to the Oregon Health Authority, reports WCNC.

Quick Hits! 20 734 694,364 Dollars is the average price for a gram of good weed in Alaska, compared to $10 in other legalized states.

Pounds of flower were sold by farms to legal stores in Alaska this August, as well as 444 pounds of “other Cannabis plant parts,” like concentrates.

Dollars in Cannabis taxes were collected by Alaska in August, the most ever for one state in one month, and the sixth consecutive month the state has set the record.

nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/13


national

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.

Opioid Deaths Fell in Colorado AFTER Legalizing marijuana Opioid related deaths fell by more than 6 percent in Colorado in the two years since recreational Cannabis sales began, according to new research published in November’s edition of the American Journal of Public Health (AJPH). The findings suggest that Cannabis could be a valuable weapon in fighting the effects of America’s opioid epidemic, under which drug overdose deaths have tripled since 2000, reports Blair Miller of NewsChannel 5 Network. The study found that the 6.5 percent reduction in opioid deaths represents “a reversal” of a 14-year trend of increasing opioid deaths in Colorado. The use of Cannabis as an alternative to opioid painkillers — or as an “exit drug” for addicts — has received increasing attention in the past year. Meanwhile, the backward-facing Trump Administration, particularly Attorney General Jeff Sessions, continues to fight the fact that marijuana is helpful as an alternative medicine. Legalization of Cannabis in Colorado was associated with short-term reductions in opioid-related deaths, according to the study. As additional data become available, research should replicate these analyses in other states with legal recreational Cannabis.

14/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

The new study, published by researchers from the University of North Texas, University of Florida and Emory University, looked solely at Colorado’s recreational Cannabis program and its correlation with opioidrelated deaths. Researchers worked to strengthen their model by comparing Nevada and Colorado. Nevada legalized medicinal Cannabis shortly after Colorado, but voters didn’t legalize recreational marijuana until 2017, after the study had been completed. For the new study, researchers used data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) to construct a chart of opioid-related deaths in each month, beginning in 2000. They then model-smoothed the average and compared the number of deaths at the end of 2013 to the number afterward, through 2015. The analysis showed “a statistically significant reduction” THE STUDY FOUND THAT in the trend of opioid-related deaths after recreational THE 6.5 PERCENT marijuana legalization. The reduction amounted to 0.7 REDUCTION IN DEATHS deaths per month, and “resulted in an estimated 6.5 OPIOID REPRESENTS “A percent reduction in opioid-related deaths.” REVERSAL” OF A According to the researchers, that finding “extends” 14-YEAR TREND OF INCREASING prior research “on the potential protective effect of medical OPIOID DEATHS Cannabis legalization on opioid-related deaths.” IN COLORADO


Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.


world

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.

Peru Legalizes Medical Marijuana The Peruvian Congress in October approved a bill legalizing medical marijuana, with 67 votes in favor, just five against, and three abstentions, the bill became law with support across political parties. It legalizes the use, production and distribution of Cannabis and its derivatives for patients with chronic or terminal illnesses. “It’s encouraging that Peru is finally recognizing the urgency of providing access to medical marijuana,” Maria McFarland Sánchez-Moreno said, executive director of the Drug Policy Alliance. “The government now needs to make sure that such access is meaningful, including for low-income families, and that it clears the records of parents and others who have been “THE GOVERNMENT cruelly sanctioned for using NOW NEEDS TO MAKE SURE THAT and growing marijuana for SUCH ACCESS IS medical purposes.” MEANINGFUL” The bill will become law in 60 days, after the government establishes the regulations for production and sale. The Peruvian Congress envisions a confidential registry created by the Ministry of Health for patients where doctors can provide information on the illness and recommended dose. Authorization for cultivation and production will be granted by the government through state institutions and universities will receive permits to investigate the benefits and effects of medical Cannabis. Peru began debating the decriminalization of medical marijuana in February, after Peruvian police shut down a makeshift laboratory where a group of mothers was making marijuana oil for their sick children. The raid garnered media attention and sparked a public outrage, including a march on Congress and testimonies from celebrities supporting the bill.

‘‘

Quoted

16/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

UNLIKE OUR NORTH AMERICAN FRIENDS, THE U.K. HAS NO WAY OF BREAKING THIS DOWN INTO STATE-BY-STATE INITIATIVES. WE’RE ESSENTIALLY WORKING ON A FEDERAL STAGE, LOOKING TO REFORM NATIONALLY AND WITH A COMPLEX POLITICAL PROCESS.” JASON REED, executive director of the British branch of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, explaining the difficulties involved with legalizing marijuana in the U.K.


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andrew sullivan a n d r e w s u l l i v a n i s a p o l i t i c a l p u n d i t . Which, in our modern times, means he’s an author, blogger and was once the editor of The New Republic. He’s been on almost every political talk show and news network in this country and beyond. Sullivan identifies as a conservative, with libertarian tendencies. He’s a major advocate for Cannabis legalization at the federal level, a stance that is unsurprisingly at odds with most of his fellow conservative peers. The majority of Republicans do not favor Cannabis legalization, in fact many want our nation to head in the opposite direction. So why is Andrew Sullivan an advocate? His health. Last month, Sullivan wrote an editorial published on New York Magazine’s Daily Intelligencer blog titled “Yes, I’m Dependent on Weed.” In the article, Sullivan credits Cannabis for ending his chronic insomnia and talks about how it has helped his appetite, which was affected by a cocktail of HIV medications. He wrote that he can’t quit using Cannabis because it has been so helpful at curbing his condition’s symptoms. Sullivan has consumed Cannabis daily since 2001 and has made the rounds as a keynote speaker at events such as the 2014 Cannabis Business Conference in Portland. Like most pundits, Sullivan has ruffled feathers from time to time, and is no stranger to controversial topics. During his tenure as editor with The New Republic, the magazine generated several high profile controversies. Sullivan is a champion of LGBT rights, the environment and, of course, Cannabis. In 2010, Sullivan published “The Cannabis Closet. First Hand Accounts of The Marijuana Mainstream.” His book contains a collection of testimonials about Cannabis use from main street America: responsible parents, straight-A students, corporate executives, unwinding suburbanites and people with health conditions. His book was published prior to any state’s recreational legalization and serves as a kind of prescient nod to Cannabis normalization, showcasing just how deeply acceptance for Cannabis truly runs in mainstream America.

LIKE MOST PUNDITS, SULLIVAN HAS RUFFLED FEATHERS FROM TIME TO TIME AND IS NO STRANGER TO CONTROVERSIAL TOPICS.

Sullivan,

20/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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MARIJUANA PRODUCTS MAY BE PURCHASED OR POSSESSED ONLY BY PERSONS 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER.


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feature

By WES ABNEY | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

JAMES JOUNG

Joung is a brain tumor survivor, Cannabis activist and marketing wizard who applies passion for the plant to every part of is life.

24/NOV. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


When did you first start using Cannabis?

I’ve used Cannabis since I was a teenager, I’m one of the people who is a drug war vet. I used to bring pot from Canada, bringing it down over the border on foot. I went to jail for 26 days in Whatcom County for 8.5 pounds of CB, caught in Bellingham, when I was 19.

Did getting arrested make you want to stop using pot? How has it helped in your life?

Getting arrested only made me more of an activist about Cannabis. I’ve had a really rough childhood and life, and it has always helped me. My father died in my arms of cancer at 13, and I lost my brother and mother within a few years of that. I’ve been on my own since 16, including through my own health battles.

When did you start having your own health issues?

In 2006 I started feeling like I had strep throat, and after a week my throat was so closed I had to go to the hospital for what I thought would be a penicillin shot. I actually had an infection in my throat, they rushed me into emergency surgery and had to slice my neck open and pump me full of antibiotics to fight the infection. They did MRIs and CT scans on me in that time, and when I woke up from my second surgery, there was a doctor standing over me. “I’m sorry I have to say this, but you have a brain tumor.”

That had to be devastating. How did you feel in that moment, and what did you do next?

I swore at him and said, “What the fuck are you talking about, I’m halfway awake from surgery and you’re telling me this?” I was panicked and upset and really scared honestly. I thought I had a little infection, and went from that over a couple days to multiple surgeries and learning I had a tumor. So, I tried to come to grips with it, and to seek further help. I had no insurance at the time and couldn’t get state insurance, and so for three years I lived thinking I could die at any time.

What was that like, living with that thought hanging over you? I was living in worry constantly. In 09’ I was getting more headaches, so I went back to the hospital and did a CT scan, and the doctor said you don’t have a brain tumor. I argued with him, but he was adamant I didn’t have a tumor. But the headaches didn’t go away. So in 2011 I got insurance and went to a neurosurgeon, and the first thing they told me at Swedish Hospital was, “Yes you have a tumor, and it’s almost doubled in size since 2006.”

What a terrible rollercoaster moment. What happened next?

The doctor who said I didn’t have a tumor was medically negligent, and in 2011 they sent me in for my first brain surgery to remove the tumor. I nearly died from my brain bleeding, but until now it has solved the issue. The surgery damaged the nerves in my right eye, so it barely waters now. I have to use prescription ointment and artificial tears about 20 times a day, and have super bad headaches from the nerve damage. But I’m here.

Does Cannabis help with the pain, and what about the tumor? I was always honest and open with my doctors that I used Cannabis, and my neurosurgeon said that he believed I didn’t suffer more side effects from my tumor is because of my heavy Cannabis usage. That was a positive in my eyes against the stigma of Cannabis—when my surgeon, who is one of best in country, and a teacher at University of Washington and on the board of neurosurgeons—to tell me that was positive light. To know I need to keep using and keep using heavily because this is what saved me…that’s one of the highest doctor’s advice you can get. So I said right on, I’ll keep on trucking and I’ll keep on using my medicine.

How do you feel about people’s right to use Cannabis?

All these prohibitionists are going to go down in history and be looked back on like, “What the hell were they doing, letting people die because they didn’t want to give them a plant, that could have cured others?” It almost makes me angry, that’s why I’ve been such an advocate. So many people are misinformed, and I feel like my dad and aunt could have possibly been saved with Cannabis. It seems illogical that the government doesn’t recognize it, when everyone knows the benefits firsthand.

What is Make a Mill PR and how dOES IT connect to Cannabis?

I’ve always been connected through my music label and promotions with Cannabis and people who smoke. As soon as medical and legalization took place, I knew I had to keep my foot in the door and keep doing promotions like I had for my record label. So, I decided to start Public Relations? for the industry, and I started Make a Mill PR. My first client was fresh carbon filters out of Australia, and then Tarik Rosin Presses. Since then I’ve been helping local brands as well!

How do you help Cannabis clients, and what is your driving force behind starting in the industry?

We help businesses grow. Social media promotions, helping build brands from word of mouth to hand to hand contact, online and in-person. I also do branding. Bigfoot Farms was my branding. I do marketing, I have a logo artist and graphic designer, and offer consulting for Cannabis businesses. My main purpose is to spread the good word of Cannabis, and to help champion businesses I believe in. My strongest feeling is that I don’t promote anything that isn’t positive or I wouldn’t use myself or isn’t good for the industry.

What’s your final message to people as we continue to move forward and wrestle with legalization in our country?

Please take into consideration that this is a helpful medicine for people. It’s not an illicit drug, it’s a medical drug that helps people around the world and has never killed anyone. Especially with the opiate troubles we have in this country, with doctors pushing drugs on people, we need a safer alternative. I had a brain tumor and I survived it, doubling in size and afterwards, and it’s like I did it all in my eyes through Cannabis.

It’s not an illicit drug, it’s a medical drug that helps people around the world and has never killed anyone. NOV. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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Follow James on Instagram @makeamillpr_andrecords | Facebook.com/makeamillpr


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nitrohoney.com / thc.nitrohoney@gmail.com / (425) 312-8213

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LOCAL ROOTS MARIJUANA - 201st Pl LOCAL ROOTS MARIJUANA - WINESAP RD

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Reviews

By STEVE ELLIOTT Editor, Tokesignals.com

HIGH TEA GRACIOUS TEA TIME RECIPES FOR EVERY OCCASION

T

B y S A N D R A H I N C H L I F F E , 2 0 1 7 , 1 7 1 PA G E S , $ 1 6 . 9 9

he mainstreaming of Cannabis led to a number of interesting cultural developments, including a totally new chapter in tea culture. The culinary art of Cannabis cuisine has now reached the stage of development where teas, tisanes, broths and bhangs are all respected ways to infuse marijuana for either medicine or pleasure. High Tea includes more than 75 recipes using a fascinating variety of the finest teas and herbs. The book shows how to create sensational flavors, select moods and effectively serve up all the good vibrations that the Cannabis can offer. Serving moderate doses of cannabinoids, including THC, with a fast onset to ensure therapeutic and enjoyable experiences is indeed an art form—one you can learn in the pages of this book. The terpene entourage of Cannabis offers magic for tea, tisane and broth. You can drop in, taste and welcome back the fragrances, flavors and vibes that you’ve been missing. Guests will be delighted with creamy, psychoactive bhang and Cannabis chai, perfect for holidays celebrations or any social occasion. In addition, High Tea includes a handy selection of simple, fresh and elegant fare to pair with your tea time. Everyone will enjoy these savory and sweet bites from author Sandra Hinchliffe’s sensitivity kitchen to quell the inevitable munchies. Hinchliffe is a home herbalist in Humboldt County, and the founder of posyandkettle.com. She’s also an allergy chef, an autoimmune disease survivor and an inventor of things for people with sensitive constitutions. She uses her background as an herbalist and medical Cannabis patient to create recipes designed to be both beneficial and delightful. She is also the author of the book The Cannabis Spa at Home, which brings together marijuana, spa and herbal healing.

28/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.


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REVIEWS

by WES ABNEY | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

HEYLO

PURE CO2 ACDC From farm to table — or dab rig — this beautiful golden CO2 oil captures the essence of the ACDC plant in a strain-specific delicious and highly medicinal Cannabis concentrate.

Heylo, formerly known as Mother Earth’s, delivers the purest essence of a Cannabis strain with untouched and raw CO2 oil that respects the terpene profile and Cannabinoids equally. This commitment to a clean and nontoxic extraction method, free of ethanol or other hydrocarbons, delivers the purest and tastiest form of Cannabis available in the recreational market. CO2 is also used for extracting hops and essential oils, and is prized for both the purity of extraction and the clean nature of the gas—CO2 has no harmful effects for humans, and kills 99 percent of all microbial growth in any sample, resulting in an ultrapure extraction of whatever the starting material is. With this ACDC Cannabis, the process at Heylo transforms a flavorful high CBD flower into a delicious and terpy oil. Available in both a cartridge and dab applicator, we went straight for the applicator for a few low-temperature dabs. The beautiful amber colored oil has a medium viscosity, easy to pull a perfect dab off without being too thick or overly runny. As soon as the oil hits air the terpenes are released, with a floral and bright cherry citrus flavor filling the air, teasing the taste buds yearning for what’s to come. Bright orange peel and citrus hit the palate first, with a cherry berry lemon peel exhale that tickles the frontal lobes and mellows the body while sharpening the mind in a relaxing clarity. This is a THE SCORE heightened chill strain, a way to wake up without being overly high, with all f lavo r the benefits of CBD. This medicinal va lu e oil is perfect for any time or situation, from celebration to a heavy pain day, ef f ec t la b el delivering both mental freedom and physical relief in a single dab or puff. t ota l 20/20

More information

32/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

HeyloCannabis.com @ HeyloCannabis

26.9% THC 42.7%CBD

Terpenes 6.6% Caryophyllene 2.1% Myrcene 3.8% Humelene 0.7%


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This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.

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W H ER E T O FI ND U S LUX POT SHOP • KUSHMART • POT ZONE • GREENLIGHT • GREEN COLLAR CANNABIS HERBAN LEGENDS • HERB'S HOUSE • FILLABONG A GREENER TODAY • QUEEN ANNE CANNABIS GREEN COLLAR • XANDER’S GREEN GOODS • SATORI MARY MART • 25 TREES • URBAN BUD AND MANY MORE!!

This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children. MARIJUANA PRODUCTS MAY BE PURCHASED OR POSSESSED ONLY BY PERSONS 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER.


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PRCWA.COM Daily Deals - Veteran Discounts - Medical Discounts - Industry Discounts Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 or older. This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children.


By WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by

STRAIN

NORTHWEST Leaf @BERMANPHOTOS


36/Nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Find more information and locations on their website at LazyBeeGardens.com

AVAILABLE FROM Treehouse Club Spokane Buds Garage Everett Hashtag Seattle & Redmond

legant curves of sun grown Cannabis sit as they did for months under the hot sun, filling a glass jar with a gourmet flavor and spectacular jar presence waiting to be smoked— or put on display. While it’s relatively easy to display a ship in a bottle, nobody ever thought a ship would be good to smoke, so we challenge you to sit one of these custom strain jars on your desk or credenza and not smoke it. We failed, and learned that picking up a hand trimmed sun grown cola from Lazy Bee Gardens requires a level of commitment that is completely worth it. You have to smoke something truly beautiful. Luckily the flower is available in standard grams to ounces, but the colas are what truly represent that best attributes of the Jack of Spades, and the effort put in by the Lazy Bee team. This indica-dominant hybrid cross of Ace of Spades and Jack the Ripper has a sharp and cutting effect on the nose that is all ripper, with pine and fresh Cannabis notes rising out of the flower that are so bright as to cleanse the palate—a purifying clean flavor with a subtle and exquisite Cannabis tease at the core. Snapping a bud reveals lighter notes of lemon and vanilla, with a hint of cheese and a subtle dankness that hints at the Ace of Spades earthy parentage. All the jars of Lazy Bee strains are sent in cardboard as well, protecting the Cannabinoids and terpenes and preserving the flower. As the buds fall off the center stem, they have a natural snap and crumble under pressure to form the best consistency for rolling or packing a bowl. The first inhale is smooth and warming, with a fresh pine flavor that provides an initial burst of euphoric energy. Within 20 minutes and a few more puffs the euphoria begins to melt into a hazy and delightful high, perfect for doing nothing at all in the best way possible. Give this strain a try and check out the rest of the sun grown fire flower and oils coming from the Lazy Bee Gardens at local recreational stores.

E

STRAIN OF THE MONTH

W i n t h r o p, W a s h i n g t o n

LAZY BEE GARDENS

Ace of Spades x Jack the Ripper

JACK OF SPADES

THC

20.0%

SNAPPING A BUD REVEALS LIGHTER NOTES OF LEMON AND VANILLA, WITH A HINT OF CHEESE AND A SUBTLE DANKNESS


Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.


Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.


At this time we are only offering our products to licensed distributors. If you would like to be a processor/distributor in your area please contact: rob@eblunt.com (907) 351-8207

eblunt.com @ ebluntvapes Facebook/ Twitter/ Instagram


NORTHWEST LEAF

INTRODUCTION by NATE WILLIAMS

Fall is an absolute whirlwind of activity for the outdoor Cannabis scene. Sungrown farms have worked feverishly to harvest the crops they’ ve worked so hard all year to produce. Picture 10-pound plants being harvested by the hundred, trim machines whirring twenty four hours a day, and crews of out-of-state workers toiling day and night to get the world’s most valuable crop harvested before winter rains set in. Though cutting the plants down and carefully hauling them indoors is only half the work, a lot of the most difficult aspects of Cannabis production are now over for full-season farmers. Once harvested, the drying, curing and trimming processes are initiated as the product is readied for market. This year, the Northwest Leaf team defined what The Harvest Issue means to us and came to the conclusion that our focus needed to be exclusively on full-season sun-grown outdoor plants. This is a make or break style of growing in which farmers work year-round to harvest a single time. Success is largely dependent upon weather and timing. It usually takes years of practice and a little luck to pull off a flawless crop. This grow style produces some of the most jaw dropping, awe inspiring plants imaginable. With the right environment, some genetics will easily grow to more than 15 feet tall and 10 feet in diameter. On this trip, we had the privilege and pleasure of visiting some of Oregon’s most elite outdoor farms. Each had unique techniques, genetics and perspectives on the future of the industry and their place within it. Please enjoy this special issue and take a moment to walk among the giants with us.

42/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

THE HARVEST ISSUE


PROFILE by WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

PUFFIN FARMS

Ellensburg THERE IS A MAGICAL FEELING to standing among 1,500 giant plants that were selected in April and set outside for a long summer of growth, maturing into delicious multi-colored colas dancing in the October wind, waiting to be harvested and enjoyed. Eastern Washington provides a wonderful climate for growing full term Cannabis, with good soil, dry weather patterns and a whole lot of sunshine. The climate pulled the Puffin Farms team to land near Ellensburg four years ago, launching into the I-502 market with Clean Green Certified full term sun grown Cannabis. Using only natural amendments and benefits in the soil like kelp meal, worm casting compost and nematodes. Puffin Farms is as close to an organic Cannabis farm as it gets. For husband and wife team Jade Stefano and Ben Short, the farm is the culmination of providing for patients and growing since 1990s. As a naturopathic doctor, Stefano is especially cognizant of safe growing methods, and wants to educate the public about sustainable, sun grown Cannabis. “The natural cleaning system that nature brings of air, wind and rain help keep the plant healthy and clean, and from a naturopathic medicine perspective produce a more vital medicine because it’s exposed to the natural elements, and it’s supercharged with vital natural energy,” Stefano said. “Everybody needs to be educated about sustainably sourced and grown Cannabis. There’s a big disconnect among Cannabis consumers. They go to Whole Foods and want organic produce and meats, but when it comes to Cannabis they don’t ask for the same.” Puffin Farms is breaking that pattern, mainly by growing incredibly tasty and terpy Cannabis that packs a significant high and flavors that aren’t seen in indoor flowers. The material is processed into CO2 by Jeff “Church” Wilhoit into Full Extract Cannabis Oil (FECO) for patient needs, and into flower jars and pre-rolls that prove outdoor is delicious and sustainable. Choosing Puffin Farms to smoke means a choice for sustainability and quality, one that is easy to make.

DANCEHALL


NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE You’re watching it grow all summer and changing colors — it’s almost a bittersweet time of the year to see it coming down. But it’s the business. It’s beautiful and it’s painful.

- Lead Processor Teri Fecht

blood orange tangie

casey lewis processes hindu kush

44/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

extractor jeff wilhoit and crew member treven st . john hangs hindu kush


PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

e

PUFFIN FARMS

Ellensburg

ceo jade stefano and her husband , groweer ben short

eric mathes has grown cannabis since the 1970 s

strong winds in june give the farm ’ s plants solid roots

jeremy haines

nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/45


NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

TUCKED AWAY at the base of the Olympic Mountains, a short ferry ride away from Seattle, is a family-run Cannabis business that is breathing new light into a community one bud at a time. These 200 acres of land have been in the Olsen family for more 60 years, originally operating as a dairy farm, selling milk from cows grazing on the land. In the past, there were more than seven dairy farms on the Olympic Peninsula. Jason Olsen and his wife Samantha both quit their jobs to grow Cannabis on the farm, to save the property while creating a new opportunity for their family and community. The farm is set up as a “tri-brid,” a term Jason penned. The team grows indoor flower in three different rooms. A giant light deprivation greenhouse was being built, which will supply supplementary lit greenhouse flower year-round for the farm. The final part of the “tri-brid” is the full-term outdoor garden, which looked radiating and blissful on a 70 degree October afternoon.

TREEHAWK FARMS

Chimacum

alex peters & robert garcia trim

46/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

co - owner & sales lead will morrison with the married owners jason & samantha olsen

ferry to the peninsula

Several hundred plants danced in the light breeze under the golden sun, capping a growing season warm and stable for the Treehawk team. Fat colas dripping with trichomes and terpenes are great evidence that growing on the west side of the mountains is possible— even in the rain kissed peninsula. Growing outdoors always is a risk, and the team was watching the morning frosts carefully at the end of the cycle, but the weather held to finish off a beautiful summer and a spectacular crop. With nearly 400 pounds of flower harvested and 200 going into packaging as bud, the sun grown Treehawk crop is a tasty testament to the growing climate west of Seattle, and proof that passion and effort will always deliver at the end of “croptober.”


PROFILE by WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

dutch treat

nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

fields of purple haze

owner brian knopf and operation manager justin sharp

lemon og and boss hogg

PICKENS MOUNTAIN CANNABIS

Okanogan County WA

the farm is fully off the grid

P H OTO BY B R I A N K N O P F

48/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


PROFILE by WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by SEAN SULLIVAN

A SHORT DRIVE from the Canadian border is a completely off-the-grid grow producing quality Cannabis in a sustainable manner.

boss hogg shining brightly

Brian Knopf founded Pickens Mountain Cannabis in 2014, building his farm halfway up the mountain that provides a scenic and ideal growing location. Likely the largest legal off grid Cannabis farm in the country, Pickens Mountain runs on a combination of solar and wind energy, with propane generators if the weather doesn’t cooperate. The 1,600 plants are managed by Knopf and only two other employees, a testament to the watering system the ex plumber designed himself. Now in his fourth growing season, Pickens Mountain is running smoothly and efficiently, with a dozen strains that thrive in the high mountain country. Bighorn sheep and other wildlife roam the property that recieves 300 days of sunshine a year, giving the thousands of plants everything they need to thrive and produce beautiful, delicious sungrown bud. With a 3,000-pound harvest this year, Pickens Mountain proves that Cannabis can be produced with a low cost, and low environmental impact, and still be high in every way that counts.

high - yielding , high - potency strawberry banana

nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

orange kush blueberry

ALTER FARMS Applegate

50/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


ALTER FARMS is a beautiful, regenerative,

PROFILE by WILL FERGUSON | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

living soil Cannabis farm just east of Grants Pass. When we first pulled around the driveway, the first thing my eyes caught was a towering row of what looked to be a sativa variety. The owners and farm dogs greeted us kindly at the gate, and lead us back to the various rows of legal Cannabis just starting to be harvested. Purple Fire, Durban Poison and the award-winning CBD Cherry Wine made up a few of the planted rows. Other varieties were in the process of being pheno hunted to see if they’d make the cut for next season. Alter Farms utilizes companion plants that grow alongside Cannabis plants, attracting and hosting beneficial insects and organisms that naturally keep pests at bay. Many of the plants at Alter Farms exceed 10 feet. However some of the sativa rows will reach nearly 13 to 15 feet tall by the end of the season, making the use of an orchard ladder necessary for harvesting tops.

keeping track

The living soil mounds were integrated into a grass plot, which we thought was a much better option compared to dirt or gravel.

wonder goo williams wonder x black goo

conspiracy kush

space monkey and jack frost

nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

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NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

SACRED ROOTS FARMS

Eagle Point

mount mclaughlin overlooks the garden

52/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


PROFILE by SIMONE FISCHER | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

SACRED ROOTS FARMS is a

brothers and co - owners andy & eddie mcintosh

lin en

worthy OMMP full-season garden with plenty of robust plants. After touring so many recreational grows, it was a nice change of pace to tour a medical garden. We immediately felt the love as the entire Sacred Roots team, dogs and all, came to greet us as we pulled into the farm. I’m not just talking the owners… but the farm hands, trimmers, wives, girlfriends, boyfriends, extended family, everybody welcomed us and showed love. Hugs were freely given and sparked joints were already in rotation. It felt so good to put faces with the OMMP garden I’ve only watched from afar. Sacred Roots grows a large variety of Humboldt Seed Organization strains. Pre-98 Bubba Kush x ’76 Afghan, Fire OG BX3 and Vienna Skunk were a few of the cultivars, all fed with Elevation Organics’ full nutrient line. Each plant was terpene rich and chunking up beautifully. The area’s dry weather will allow the plants to finish nicely.

aaron blankenship moved to oregon from virginia to work with cannabis

crewmembers erika and kyle

The diversity I saw within the Sacred Roots team was comforting in an industry dominated by white men. The element of community felt so strong here and I felt revitalized by the feminine energy after spending three days surrounded by dudes (no offense guys, you know I love you).

grower kyle hunter checks on a plant

nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/53


NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

SUNNA RA ACRES

Shady Cove aerial views showcase the garden P H OTO BY D U S T I N P E T E R S

54/nov. 2017 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


PROFILE by WILL FERGUSON | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

SUNNA RA ACRES is a beautiful tier 1 full-season farm just outside of Shady Cove. Wind chimes, arches draped with vines and patterned soil beds housing medicinal plant varieties are first in view when you walk into the garden.

sculpture everywhere

White Grapefruit, Jack Herer and Morning Star were a few of the strains growing at Sunna Ra. Plants were at optimal health, showing off their fall foliage as the days and their life get shorter. There was a tranquil, calming vibe I felt when exploring each plant at Sunna Ra. The passion and dedication to herbal plant medicine is evident and radiates from the garden. The owners Jon Cunningham and Brie Malarkey also own Sun God Medicinals, a medicinal plant and herb company which utilizes many of the plants and herbs they grow at this farm. Among the harvest are milky oat tops, passionflowers and skull caps to formulate beneficial blends that all work synergistically with cannabinoids to offer more powerful relief.

brie and jon

pink jelly shines

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NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

HIGH VALLEY ORGANICS Applegate Valley

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PROFILE by MATTHEW MEYERS | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

SOUR SKUNK AND PURPLE HINDU KUSH

HIGH VALLEY ORGANICS

could be straight out of a classical Tuscan painting. It was so beautiful that we wanted to stop and take pictures before getting all the way up the driveway. Nestled in a picturesque southern Oregon hillside, High Valley Organics is the brainchild of two brothers Cal and Jack Thomas and their mentor Monte Minchow. The brothers dropped out of college to pursue the dream in Cannabis after discovering how a small medical grow could help with their student loans. Cal and Jack bring their strong work ethics and a desire to learn and explore the latest growing techniques. They are wonderfully balanced by the wisdom and coolheadedness of Monte. Together this small, yet dedicated team is committed to producing quality full-season sun grown flower in living soil. This is High Valley Organics’ second harvest at the current location, where they plan on pulling down more than 40 strains, including Sour Skunk, Romulan and the local favorite of Purple Hindu Kush. Keep your eyes peeled for this flower to hit shelves at premium dispensaries across the state.

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NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

SWEDEN CBD

Applegate

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PROFILE by SIMONE FISCHER | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

SWEDEN CBD FARM

has operated for the last seven years under different forms: first as a hop farm and now fully as a Cannabis garden. It was previously a medical Oregon Medical Marijuana Program (OMMP) garden and has transitioned to a recreationally licensed garden under the OLCC. Despite the medicinal benefits of Cannabidiol or CBD, most full-season farms focused on cultivating THC-dominant strains. This was the only recreational farm that predominately grew CBD and 1:1 ratios. In an industry where we are up to our necks in THC, it was a breath of fresh air to immerse ourselves in a recreational farm committed to growing CBD excellence. The farm is nestled in the heart of Applegate Valley, and the backdrop was absolutely stunning. The sloping hillsides and views of the surrounding Siskiyou Mountains gave a calming feel as we toured around the farm. The Cannabis plants were planted vineyard-style, directly in the ground, instead of the medical monsters we usually picture when talking about Southern Oregon. Instead of plant numbers, Cannabis farmers grow by canopy size. I was truly in weed country. It was fascinating to witness evolving fullseason cultivation techniques. “We are really basic organic growers that use a few whole form nutrients. Mulch in the form of straw and wood chips, is key to our growing system to help us conserve the limited water we have. We also add organic matter that will break down in the future,” Grower Mark Thorkelson said. Sweden CBD puts plants directly into the ground with additional organic amendments to enrich the native soil. The water comes from a seasonal pond that sustains itself from mountain water run-off, which the farm currently holds rights to. I know what you’re thinking. Typically, CBD is the Cannabis you smoke for medicine and rarely enjoy. Believe me, this is how I approached most CBD flower—until I made the trip down South. Sweden CBD is doing fantastic work with CBD cultivation. The farm specializes in the strains CBD Medi Haze, CBD Therapy and CBD Yummy. “We use feminized seeds from CBD Crew (CBD OG Kush) and the Humboldt Seed Organization. Then, via leaf tissue samples and cloning, we create THC:CBD ratios within the strains,” Thorkelson said.

JEFFREY THORKELSON, JACK BARTHELL, SARAH ERSTE & MARK THORKELSON I asked co-owner Sarah Erste why the farm chose to focus so heavily on CBD strains. “Besides that I love high CBD chocolates, I think the potential that CBD has to improve peoples’ lives is enormous. I’m amazed at how many people are using it already in diverse ways, from CBD gummies for recreation, to Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) for serious illness. I hope Oregon leads the way with CBD research and continues to expose people to the benefits of CBD,” Erste said. The CBD Green Crack 3:1 was a revelation for me. Green Crack alone is a legendary strain in itself, despite its controversial name. The bud structure was full-bodied and just as resinous as its THC-dominant counterparts. I could smell the citrus limonene with generous overtones of myrcene—this is the CBD flower you actually want to smoke. Sweden Farms delivers the craft grade of CBD-dominant flower our industry demands. Among other standout CBD crosses were the Blue Dream CBD cross and a gassy OG Kush CBD. The Blue Dream CBD was cloaked in a deep purple fade and laced with glassy trichomes. But, the true glamour queen of Sweden CBD was the amethyst tinted Raspberry Diesel CBD. Honestly, it was one of the most beautiful flower expressions I have seen in Oregon. After viewing the Raspberry Kush CBD, I have a whole new respect for the potential of CBD genetics. I commend Sweden Farms for spearheading the quality of CBD. You are truly ahead of your time.

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NORTHWEST LEAF THE HARVEST ISSUE

PILOT FARM

Ashland

OFF THE GRID

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CO-OWNER CHRISTOPHER DOLINAR RIDES DOWN TO THE GROW

GERARDO CARRIES TOTES OF HARLEQUIN


PROFILE by WILL FERGUSON | PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN

PRODUCTION MANAGER & METRC SPECIALIST HOLLY ADAMS

GROWER ROB GOTTSCHALK

SKYWALKER

PILOT FARM

is a gorgeous, tier 2 recreational Cannabis farm situated on the southern slope of Mount Ashland. The scenery is breathtaking; the first steps onto the property are met with a spectacular view of the valley just before the Oregon-California border. Terraced rows of plants are situated in what the farm calls “Machu Picchu,” the smaller, top portion of the canopy. We first ventured to the lower terrace which involved—I kid you not—a steep 10-minute quad ride down the treacherous, rocky slope. The upper and lower canopies are separated by roughly a mile and a half, but are located on the same address, making Pilot Farm one of the first and only OLCC licensed producers to have canopies separated a few miles apart.

SPACE CANDY

The lower canopy had a north and a south plot filled with a large variety of Mountain Girl crosses. That strain does particularly well in the high elevation climate. The Pilot Farm rarely allows outside visitors, which helps keep the Cannabis pest and disease free. Each strain is grown in native soil with little to no additives or amendments, an effort to be completely sustainable. Pilot Farm generates its own energy thanks to a large solar panel just behind the lower canopy. Many employees live on-site in small mobile homes or tents and many are seasonal.

KATE AND BRANDON HANG HARLEQUIN PLANTS

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COOL DRIED

SLOW CURED

MARIJUANA PRODUCTS MAY BE PURCHASED OR POSSESSED ONLY BY PERSONS 21 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER.

THIS PRODUCT CONTAINS MARIJUANA. THIS PRODUCT HAS INTOXICATING EFFECTS AND MAY BE HABIT FORMING. SMOKING IS HAZARDOUS TO YOUR HEALTH. THERE MAY BE HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH CONSUMPTION OF THIS PRODUCT. THIS PRODUCT SHOULD NOT BE USED BY WOMEN THAT ARE PREGNANT OR BREAST FEEDING. FOR USE ONLY BY ADULTS TWENTY-ONE AND OLDER. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. MARIJUANA CAN IMPAIR CONCENTRATION, COORDINATION, AND JUDGEMENT. DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THIS DRUG. THIS PRODUCT MAY BE UNLAWFUL OUTSIDE OF WASHINGTON STATE.


recipes

By LAURIE WOLF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF

THANKSGIVING CANNABIS APPETIZERS

INGREDIENTS 16 pitted dates 2 tablespoons goat cheese 4 teaspoons canna-butter 8 slices bacon, cut in half

1. Heat oven to 325 °F. 2. Place the dates on work

surface and with a small knife make a slit in each and spread open.

3. In a small bowl, combine the goat cheese with the butter until well mixed.

4.

Divide the mixture and press into each date, closing them up after filling.

5. Wrap the bacon around each stuffed date.

6. Place the dates bacon

seam down on baking sheet.

7. Bake until the bacon is crisp, about 10 minutes.

AS WE GATHER AROUND THE TABLE THIS THANKSGIVING, LET’S ALL GIVE THANKS FOR WHAT WE HAVE AND MAKE PLANS TO MAKE THIS MESSED UP WORLD A BETTER PLACE. THESE INFUSED APPETIZERS ARE THE PERFECT COMPLIMENT TO YOUR NEXT HOLIDAY MEAL. THIS MULTI-HOURED EVENT REQUIRES PACING, AND IF YOU ARE DOING THE WHOLE SHEBANG, LEAVE ROOM FOR DESSERT. FROM THE KITCHEN AT LAURIE AND MARYJANE, WE WISH YOU A WONDERFUL HOLIDAY SEASON.

BACON-WRAPPEDDATES

DATES ARE AMAZING. THEY HAVE FABULOUS FLAVOR, A SUPERB TEXTURE, AND WHEN STUFFED WITH CANNABIS AND GOAT CHEESE THEN WRAPPED IN BACON, YOU COULD ENTER THEM IN THE APPETIZER HALL OF FAME.

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1. Heat oven to 325 °F. 2. Place the bread on your

work surface. Rub one side of the bread with the garlic cloves. Drizzle or brush the bread with the canna-oil.

3. On a baking sheet, toss the

olive oil with the tomatoes, garlic and scallion. Bake in the oven for 15 minutes, or until the tomatoes have lost their shape and the scallions turn golden brown.

4. Divide the tomato mixture

between the bread slices and sprinkle with salt and pepper.

INGREDIENTS

CHERRY TOMATO BRUSCHETTA It would not be Thanksgiving without a stuffed mushroom. I think it’s a law.

INGREDIENTS

STUFFEDMUSHROOMS

16 large white button mushrooms 2 tablespoons olive oil Salt and ground black pepper 1/2 cup diced shallots 2 minced garlic cloves 3/4 pound ground spicy sausage 2/3 cups Italian breadcrumbs 4 ounces cream cheese, softened 8 teaspoons canna-olive oil 1/3 cup grated Parmesan cheese

1. 2.

8 thick slices toasty crusty bread 2 whole garlic cloves, peeled 4 teaspoons canna-olive oil 2 tablespoons olive oil 2 cups cherry tomatoes 1 garlic clove, minced 3 scallions, cut in 1-inch pieces Coarse salt and pepper, to taste

Preheat oven to 325 °F.

Clean mushrooms using a paper towel to remove any dirt. Do not run under water.

3. To prepare mushrooms, remove stems. Finely chop and set stems aside. Lightly coat each mushroom with olive oil, salt and pepper. Place cap side up on a baking sheet for later use.

4. In medium sauté pan, heat 2 tablespoons olive

oil over medium heat. Add shallots and garlic and cook until translucent. Remove the shallots and set aside. Add sausage to the pan and cook until all the pink has disappeared. Add the chopped mushroom stems along with the cooked shallots, and cook for an additional 2-3 minutes. Be sure to break apart sausage, with spoon, until crumbled into small pieces.

5. Remove sausage mixture from heat and add in

breadcrumbs, and cream cheese. Blend until cheese is melted and distributed throughout. Add canna-oil to mixture and blend together for two minutes.

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growtech

HYDRO MEDIUMS

I

to react chemically and don’t have carry out any pharmacological actions. t’s no longer new and exciting. In many ways it’s fallen by If broken down, unlike soil, inert mediums do not release any nutrients the wayside to a regenerative culture which often deof any form. As such, most hydroponic growers use bioavailable numonizes its practices. But there are still a large group of BY NORTHWEST LEAF trients that have already been chelated so the plant can take them in connoisseurs who prefer their indoor Cannabis grown SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR right away. with hydroponic growing methods. I’ve been growing DR. SCANDERSON Some folks still insist on swimming upstream and choose inert long enough to remember when hydroponic growing mediums to cultivate micro herds so they can use organic bottled was a new and exciting technique in this country. nutrients in a hydroponic medium, indoors. We are overlooking this Fabled stories flowed through the web forums—before there was Insgroup as well as any other using growing techniques so new and contrived tagram we communed online on these things called message boards—of peoby people that they exceed the tried and true techniques that have been emple pulling pounds and pounds of the frostiest, fatty nuggets of dank using inert ployed for centuries. mediums or just bare roots in nutrient solution. In this month’s Grow Tech, we’re going to roll back the clock a bit and dive COCO COIR head first into the range of hydroponic growing methods still available and employed by a decreasing number of indoor gardeners. Utilizing the husks of coconut shells. This medium is often called the crossover I feel compelled to first acknowledge the issues and potentials for adverse enmedium between hydroponics and organic growing methods. It’s not. The convironmental impacts associated with using the mineral based nutrient solutions sistency of the medium is a favorable environment to establish and sustain a popthat hydroponic growing techniques utilize. It’s also important to mention that ulation of healthy bacteria and even some fungi which would allow the medium there are in fact ways to significantly minimize these impacts, and lest we forget to become effective at breaking down any organic amendments the gardener the primary purpose of hydroponic growing methods: namely creating bountiful applies. This is like reaching around your elbow to get to your anus. harvests in areas with adequate sunlight yet extremely arid environments where What is notable about Coir is that it is collected from a fruit. Combining Coco water is scarce and precious. Coir with mineral based nutrients creates extremely fast growing plants that yield Although in the good old United States we subsidize water, but still hold reghandsomely when optimized like all hydroponic methods. In addition, since coco ulations preventing rain collection and greywater systems. We then turn around has the look and feel of soil it also has similar water retention properties. Unlike and sell partially purified sewage in indestructible plastic containers for 1,500other hydroponic mediums, coco is unique in that it can hold nutrient solution 2,000 percent profit back to consumers. Most of the world does not have unlimto sustain the plant without maintenance for longer periods of time than other ited access to shower in potable water. It’s a precious resource and its value has methods which require submersion or frequent solution application. This makes already begun to be revealed in the wake of the natural disasters of recent. So, the medium more forgiving to pump or human failures, temperature and humidiwhile the benefits and sustainability of producing harvests using very few gallons ty fluctuations, as well as dialing in the perfect nutrient application schedule. per gram may not be valued in our little section of the earth, we are unique in this way from the human population. This is all before mentioning that hydroponic ROCKWOOL mediums themselves are recyclable and reusable, and in no way contribute to the destruction of some of our planet’s largest carbon sinks by way of mining peat Sourced from glass, these soft fibers are spun into dense blocks or “croutons” of moss bogs that many organic soil companies are responsible for. various sizes and even torn up pieces known as mapito. Rockwool is a convenient I’ll now get off my sustainably mined, free range, vegan soap box and get back medium that suits multiple containers, irrigation styles and grow techniques. Due to the regularly scheduled geekery. to the intentional design, rockwool can be assembled as part of a system allowing The six mediums we will be reviewing this month are all strictly speakseamless transplant with little or no shock imparted to the plants. Additionally, ing, hydroponic mediums. This means that: they are either naked roots with a the widespread use of rockwool has led complimentary companies to innovate system designed to deliver a nutrient solution directly to the roots, or they are and manufacture various inserts, lids and other grow gear specifically designed to grown in a medium that is inert. Inert mediums have no or extremely low ability

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be used in concert with rockwool to keep maintenance low and maximize potential of the medium, while minimizing the typical issues. Rockwool can be recycled and reused and has excellent drainage properties. It can support a more limited population of healthy biological inoculants, making low suspension mineral based nutrient formulas generally most suitable for this medium. With some exception, this inert medium is typically inhospitable for common Cannabis insects such as fungus gnats. There is also available literature and research on growing plants in rockwool, as it’s a very commonly used medium in hydroponic food production.

GROWSTONES As we continue to move through the mediums with increasing drainage capacity, compared with the aforementioned, this is the highest of the category when using a medium beyond the nutrient solution alone. So, if coco is the closest in consistency and drainage capacity to soil, stones are the furthest. Evolved and innovated from the predecessors, which used unsustainable expanded clay pellets, Growstones are sourced from recycled glass. Much like the name entails, they are small nuggets of porous spun glass available in multiple sizes and very easy to recycle. I’ve had mine in constant use for six years I think. Their porosity makes for a more favorable rooting environment than clay, with even higher drainage due to the uneven shapes they come in. Stones provide some decent surface area for regularly applied inoculants to colonize. The are well adapted for multiple irrigation styles and able to provide a large number of nutrient application cycles daily. I like to think of this as the most hydroponic of the medium based methods, simply because it is closest to the naked roots soaking in solution on account of the high need for frequent irrigation.

NUTRIENT FILM TECHNIQUE (NFT) While this technique is not widely used among today’s Cannabis farmers, it’s still quite a viable method for producing bountiful hydroponic harvests using only the nutrient solution itself as the medium. In this method, the plants are suspended in what are usually smaller net pots that are inserted into a narrow, covered tray allowing the roots to grow from the pots and out into the tray. The tray is placed on an angle that allows nutrient solution, pumped into the highest point, to slowly and evenly slow down the channel of the narrow tray bathing the roots in the very shallow flow of nutrient solutions. Removing all medium between the roots and the solution has some intrinsic benefits as well as its own set of deficits. With no medium outside of the solution, the number of common Cannabis insects is extreme-

ly limited as insects require oxygen and aren’t suited to thrive in an all aquatic environment. Making changes to the medium, cleaning, flushing and replacing it is all a matter of reservoir management—which allows for great controls when it comes to treating possible disease, water quality issues, pH and TDS swings, lock out, nutrient deficiencies and the like. As we move down the list, each method relies more heavily on the mechanisms and technology being employed to create regular irrigation cycles. The nutrient film technique is no different and is still less forgiving. Unlike all the methods reviewed so far that utilize medium of some kind which holds at worst a minimal level of moisture for the roots to feed from, in any method where no medium exists technological or equipment failures must be identified and rectified within a few hours, in some cases, to avoid catastrophic crop failure. As a result, seasoned gardeners include redundancies and fail when employing such methods whenever possible.

DEEP WATER CULTURE (DWC) Perhaps responsible for some of the most mind-bending yields and growth rates, a truly dialed in deep water culture system is an awesome sight to behold. This technique also uses only the nutrient solution as the medium however, unlike the nutrient film technique, which relies on the thin depth of the “film” of nutrient solution for surface level oxygen exchange to occur providing adequate dioxide levels, deep water culture systems provides each suspended plant site with its own bucket of nutrient solution. To ensure the roots that grow into the deep pool of solution don’t suffocate, dissolved oxygen is infused into the solution through a variety of methods, which may include air stones and an air source, fuming, recirculation, electrolysis or a combination of these methods. These systems require low nutrient levels to thrive and, in my experience, can far and away out-produce any other method available by a meaningful measure. In addition to this method being highly vulnerable to technological failures with fewer options and redundancy, the systems and equipment can be: cost prohibitive, require a baseline understanding of plumbing and water pressure management and is unique in its needs compared with other mediums which share a similar recipe for success. Apply the nutrient schedule associated with a rockwool garden to a deep water culture system and your plants will likely be suited for termination in a week or less, making quality resources and information on this method more scarce. Lastly, managing and balancing a culture highly saturated in dissolved oxygen is more akin to tending to a salt water or exotic fish and coral reef tank than anything else requiring nearly constant monitoring of virtually all available data points to maximize potential and avoid failure. As fast and impressive as this method can be, it can be equally

fast and depressive at accelerating an issue from a noticeable problem to complete crop failure.   

AEROPONICS No hydroponic article on mediums would be complete until mentioning the infrequently employed but deeply cool sounding aeroponic growing method. This technique often uses the very same narrow channeled trays that a nutrient film technique system employs, however it delivers the nutrient solution through an array of sprayers that are servicing a pressured manifold. The system sprays nutrient solution on the naked roots at periodic intervals and delivers huge amounts of dissolved oxygen, by way of the delivery method alone, and doesn’t require all the extra devices most frequently found in deep water culture systems. While these systems boast high growth rates, they also rely heavily on technology and tools to deliver nutrient solution to the roots. Once again, it’s with a more limited capacity for redundancy, and huge potential for catastrophic loss upon failure due to the speed at which drought stress sets it. These systems are also very often impractical for the Cannabis gardener simply because its most efficient application utilizes a huge number of sites to produce the canopy. Out of all these methods, which do you prefer or project that you would find yourself thriving with? Are you someone who values low maintenance, ease of application with a reasonable buffer for mistakes? Or are you someone who wants to buy all the gadgets, monitors and devices and be regularly taking measurements, making adjustments and tweaking things to improve them if only but slightly? Hopefully after reading through each of these descriptions you can find yourself in one more than the others. Gardening is an art form, and choosing the method is similar to selecting the medium you choose to express yourself through. Since you’re the only one who can know where you will be most fully self-expressed, choose wisely. If you have any questions regarding the various hydroponic mediums never hesitate to contact me at DrScanderson@protonmail.com. As always, happy gardening!

Follow along

Instagram @DrScanderson_gT

Drop me a line

thegreengardengroup@gmail.com

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BEHIND THE STRAIN

Drop me a line

thegreengardengroup@gmail.com

Watch a video

YouTube.com/DrScandersonGt

THE WHITE HOW SHE GROWS

FAST AND FUTIOUS, she’s lush in vegetation. She

takes off and stands out right away. Without too much training, The White will grow to a medium-tall height stretching about 50 percent in flower. She’s not too sensitive with the nutrients and enjoys higher levels of P as many of the frost monsters do. In spite of the impressive average yields, it has one priority: to pound disco balls of gooey trichomes to every inch of the plant’s surface.

BAG APPEAL & SMOKE REPORT With every single bloom absolutely coated

in a fine, delicate white and clear layer of trichomes, this bloom is outstanding. It takes on a blondishwhite appearance in stark contrast to the more granular and sandy looking trichomes. It’s one of those plants you almost don’t want to throw into the grinder...almost. The blooms have a gas and potent Kush superficial scent when first popping open the container. Going in for a closer sniff, the flowers explode with an intricate combination of lime, sweet and spicy hash and fuel but with very prominent sour notes. The mild but self-assured flavors of Diesel and Sour rush into my mouth, filling my soul with ample gulps of thick smoke. She is without the cavity crushing lung expansion found with the most elite Kush’s making for large single doses, my favorite.

EFFECTS AS EXPECTED from strains testing more than 21

percent in THC, one must approach The White with respect, awareness and possibly a helmet. These blooms provide the deceptive combination of a strong, fast onset that continues to elevate the user’s well passed intake, almost like a creeper. A well-balanced effect that lends itself in my body, perhaps if only slightly, to a more cerebral, functional and creative state. Pain free and with a warm towel wrapped around my mind, it’s clear to see the results of this blessed botanical being’s efforts in spending two months of its life devoted to creating the most resin possible.

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BY NORTHWEST LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCANDERSON

Flowers in 55-60 days

THERE’S ONE PRIORITY: TO POUND DISCO BALLS OF GOOEY TRICHOMES TO EVERY INCH OF THE PLANT’S SURFACE.

BREEDER: Chrome LINEAGE:

Another fabled mystery Kush cutting, The White combines some of the most desirable traits that Cannabis enthusiasts favor as well as those traits gardeners dream of in one amazing plant.


Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older.


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Northwest Leaf - Nov. 2017  

Our Harvest Issue features an expansive look at sun grown Cannabis in Washington and southern Oregon! PLUS: Reviews, recipes, national news,...

Northwest Leaf - Nov. 2017  

Our Harvest Issue features an expansive look at sun grown Cannabis in Washington and southern Oregon! PLUS: Reviews, recipes, national news,...

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