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BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE SHINING A LIGHT ON THE COMPANIES AND PROFESSIONALS HELPING DRIVE OREGON’S BOOMING CANNABIS INDUSTRY.
EDUCATION [ANNA SYMONDS]
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20 BUDTENDER Fred Littlejohn, Mt Hood Cannabis Co.
28 JOHN FOWLER How Cannabis helps this Eagle Scout
ALPHAKRONIK GENES Cannabis Breeder of the Month 11 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 46 48 50 51 52 53 54 58 60 62 66 70 74 76 78
EDITOR’S NOTE NATIONAL NEWS OPINION BUDTENDER OF THE MONTH HIGHLY LIKELY PATIENT PROFILE JAYNE / PORTLAND GNOME GROWN / OREGON CITY STRAIN OF THE MONTH BTS / PRODUCT DESIGN BTS / TESTING BTS / GROW SUPPLY BTS / DISTRIBUTION BTS / EDUCATION BTS / INTERIOR DESIGN BTS / COMPLIANCE BTS / REPRESENTATION BTS / INSIDE THE OLCC BTS / BREEDER OF THE MONTH BTS / STONER OWNER TASTY RECIPES EDIBLE REVIEW CONCENTRATES REVIEW BOOK REVIEW GLASS ART
ON THE COVER Luminous Botanicals’ Devan Anthony pg. 62
Photo by Daniel Berman BACK ISSUES/WASH.//ALASKA
INSIDE THE OLCC [MARK PETTINGER] THE SPOKESMAN FOR THE OREGON LIQUOR CONTROL COMMISSION TALKS WITH OREGON LEAF’S SIMONE FISCHER ON HOW OREGON’S BURGEONING CANNABIS INDUSTRY CAN STAY COMPLIANT AMID A HAZY LEGAL LANDSCAPE. photo by daniel berman
the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.
MAY 2018 ISSUE #47
We want to hear from you
Follow us as we go Behind the Scenes!
FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
this is our first look behind the scenes of the Cannabis
Please get in touch to place an ad or become a drop-off location to display our magazine. Feel free to share feedback, pitches, story ideas and hot news tips. This is all our plant!
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CONTRIBUTORS Steve Elliott National News Simone Fischer Features Matthew Meyers Opinion Janelle Lassalle Features Makani Nelson Sales Sean O’Neill Illustration Dr. Scanderson Growtech Pacer Stacktrain Features Nate Williams Production Laurie & Bruce Wolf Recipes Sarah Climaco Editing Email or call us to discuss print and online advertising opportunities in an upcoming issue. We do not sell stories or coverage. We are happy to offer design services and guidance on the best approaches for promoting your company’s recreational, commercial or industrial Cannabis product, event or pursuit. We are targeted and independent.
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Department of Corrections
On pg. 49 of The Glass Issue last month, the name of Oregon Glass Artist Bananny Facets @BanannyFacets was mispelled. On pg. 70, the Purple Martian Kush Disposable vape cartridge from Drop Science was misidentified as distillate when it is CO2. We regret the errors and welcome your feedback if we have made a factual mistake. Editor Wes Abney: Wes@nwleaf.com
industry, and I hope that you enjoy all the different profiles, people and companies that make the system work. It takes a lot to bring weed to sale legally, much more than most realize, and it takes a collective effort to make it happen. I am honored to share the profiles we have this month and to highlight the folks making it happen.
On that note, I’d like to touch on the team here at the Leaf, and how much it takes to put these magazines together each month. While we have a big footprint with the magazines, it’s a small core of dedicated staff who grind and stress each month until these magazines are done. Without our team members, namely Daniel Berman handling design and photography, and Nate Williams running our Oregon bureau, we wouldn’t have a magazine. Not to mention the dozen or more writers, editors, delivery drivers, and everyone else who helps make the magazine happen. Behind the scenes, we are here to serve you, the reader, and the Cannabis industry. We do this by selling ads to fund our printing each month, and by counting on readers to pick up and enjoy the magazine. It is truly a blessing to be able to publish each month, and not something we, or you, should take for granted. Without support from advertisers and the industry, we would not be here. So, thank you for reading, for the companies that advertise, and those thinking about supporting the Leaf. When you pick up or support us, you help more than just our company grow. You help spread our message, of quality Cannabis journalism, and telling the truth about the plant we all love. Thanks for reading and enjoy!
I HAD THE ANXIOUS PLEASURE OF DABBING OUT OF A $50,000 SET RECENTLY AND COULDN’T GET OVER THE VALUE AS I PASSED IT AROUND A SESSION. —Wes Abney May 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.
DESCHUTES COUNTY SEEKS CANNABIS CRACKDOWN
eschutes County, Oregon is trying to crack down on illegal cannabis production by hiring two new enforcement officers. County commissioners also want to limit new legal grows by pausing the processing of applications to grow. The move from the
Deschutes County Commission is one of the latest efforts by conservative counties in Oregon to control an industry they claim is growing too fast. Officials in Josephine County — a prime growing area in southern Oregon — in April went even farther. They sued the state in federal court, asserting state laws are pre-empted by federal marijuana prohibition. The Josephine County Commission in December tried to ban and restrict Cannabis farming on rural residential lots, but the Oregon Land Use Board of Appeals put those restrictions on hold. Meanwhile, back in Deschutes County, the sheriff and D.A. are complaining that it’s hard to differentiate between legal and black market marijuana crops. That’s why the Board of Commissioners in April started the process to hire two more members for the Central Oregon Drug Enforcement (CODE) team to focus on Cannabis enforcement. “The new limited duration marijuana enforcement staff would solely focus on marijuana cases, complaints, and compliance,” said Deschutes County official Nick Lelack, reports the Insurance Journal. The new staffers, who will be temporary hires, will likely be a deputy sheriff and a Bend police officer, according to Lelack.
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WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCHING CANNABIS AND HEALTH
esearchers at Washington State University are looking a variety of potential health impacts of Cannabis. Issues being studied include the
effects of marijuana on pregnant women, young people, and those with chronic pain. The scientists are also studying public and professional attitudes toward weed, its relationship to tobacco, and how Cannabis stimulates the appetite. The projects, all of which comply with federal law, were awarded recently by WSU’s Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Program. The work is funded by Washington state Cannabis taxes and liquor license fees. The program is aimed at pilot projects which focus on “drug abuse” in the state. In the last three years, the program has awarded no fewer than 28 Cannabisrelated research grants. “Funding for these pilot grants is essential because it allows us to expand our research at WSU to investigate some of the most pressing questions related to the impact of Cannabis on health,” said Michael McDonnell, associate professor in the Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine. McDonnell chairs WSU’s Committee on Cannabis Research and Outreach. “Pain relief is the most commonly reported medical use of marijuana,” according to the grant abstract. Clinical trials suggest it can being “significant pain relief” and may be safer than opioids. The WSU project is the first to characterize the pain-relieving effects of vaporized marijuana, according to the abstract.
OREGON’S TOO GOOD AT GROWING CANNABIS
regonians are really skilled at growing marijuana. Maybe they’re too good. State officials in February announced that 1.1 million pounds of Cannabis flower was in the state’s database. But last year, Oregon customers
consumed just under 340,000 pounds of legal weed. State farmers have grown three times the amount that the entire state of Oregon can smoke in a year. Prices for “regular” bud has come down to $4 or $5 a gram due to the oversupply. Pounds have fallen from $1,500 last summer to $700 by midOctober. One grower told Willamette Week he sold 60 pounds of indoor-grown Cannabis at auction for $100 a pound. “Currently, we’re operating at a $15,000-per-month loss,” said the grower, who’d invested $250,000 in an indoor farm. The number of marijuana growers in Oregon is set to double this summer, according to state licensing documents. Basically, the Oregon Liquor Control Commission issues a license to anyone who is qualified. Prices have fallen so low many farmers are hurting. Some of the pain has even extended to the pot shops, who aren’t happy about $4 grams, reports Willamette Week. “The business has been up and down and up and down,” said Don Morse, who closed his Southwest Portland dispensary, Human Collective II, five months ago Family owned mom-and-pop marijuana farms are taking low-ball offers from out-of-state investors. What was once a local market is increasingly being taken over by a few big players since state lawmakers in 2016 allowed money from outside the state into the industry. “The root of the entire thing was an allowance of outside money into Oregon,” said Myron Chadowitz, who owns a Eugene marijuana farm called “Cannassentials.” “Unlimited money and unlimited licenses, you’re going to get unlimited flower and crash the market.” To add to the issue, federal law enforcement is watching. “We have an identifiable and formidable marijuana overproduction and diversion problem,” said US Attorney Billy Williams earlier this year. “We’re going to do something about it.”
MICHIGAN STILL HASN’T AWARDED ANY MEDICAL MARIJUANA LICENSES
n April 19, 2017, the Michigan Medical Marijuana Licensing Board gave preliminary approval to nine applications, denied two and postponed action on another. But that seemingly
good news serves to highlight the fact that 16 months after the Michigan Legislature regulated and taxed the medical Cannabis industry, not a single business has been awarded a license. The medical marijuana business has been estimated to be at least a $700 million business in Michigan, reports the Detroit Free Press. Dispensaries already serving patients are facing a June 15, 2018 deadline to either get licensed or shut down. “There was a lot to be done after the law was passed,” said Andrew Brisbo, director of the Michigan Bureau of Medical Marijuana Regulation. “We had to get an IT system set up, build an organization and hire employees.” Businesses still operating after June 15, 2018, could risk their chance at a license, according to David Harns, spokesman for the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. But, he said, “LARA does not currently intend to issue cease-and-desist letters nor refer to law enforcement any applicant who turned in their state application by local attestation by Feb. 15, 2018, has a pending application and is making a good faith effort to become licensed by LARA.” The state in March sent cease-and-desist orders to more than 200 medical marijuana facilities operating without having submitted a license application.
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YOUR DOCTOR Budtenders can offer advice for how certain strains will work, generally, but it’s not medical advice...
hen an Oregon public school bus driver was fired from his job for testing positive for THC, despite using a tincture he was told was “CBD only,” people had lots to say on the subject. Some folks were straightforward and degrading in their remarks, saying the man should have at least Googled it before trying it out. While a few expressed pity, many others disparaged “the system” in general, saying that the use of a CBD product alone shouldn’t warrant losing one’s employment. “His story highlights a problem I’ve seen half a dozen times this year: people with legitimate health problems ‘consulting’ with dispensary sales staff. This is essentially practicing medicine without a license,” wrote user Seems2Me in a comment on WWeek.com. The fact that this man put the fate of his livelihood in the hands of a budtender when the stakes were so high is a sign that something has gone amiss. Somewhere along the line we’ve failed to properly educate consumers and this is the living proof. “Last November, Jeff Anderson, 62, started taking a daily dose of a hemp tincture to treat the pain from his psoriatic arthritis—a chronic inflammation of the skin and joints,“ wrote Karina Brown at Willamette Week. Anderson had driven for Beaverton School District for 18 years, Brown notes. The tincture alleviated his pain and he thought he was in the clear using CBD. “I was emphatic when I walked into the dispensary that I can’t test positive for THC,” Anderson told Willamette Week. “My job was on the line, and I don’t know about this stuff. I’m not a biochemist. But I lost my job, I lost health insurance for me and my daughter, I’m living on peanuts. And I don’t feel like I did anything wrong other than trust in a company.” This isn’t to say budtenders are automatically unreliable sources of information. Many are fueled by their
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passion for the industry as patients or caregivers Though our cheery smiles may brighten your day we and do their best to educate themselves as much as can’t take the place of a licensed professional when it possible. Some even undergo special training like comes to maintaining your health and wellness. in the East Fork Cultivars’ CBD Certified Program Cannabis can help manage pain, reduce anxiety, while others commit on a personal level, attending improve mood and many other grand things, but it’s classes, workshops and seminars. not a magic cure all and should not be your lone methUltimately, budtenders are only people. We have od of treatment for serious conditions. a social responsibility to honor and we do our best You can seek out a medical marijuana doctor, of to uphold that, but we’re limited in the amount of course, but don’t be scared to broach the subject with information we have access to on a daily basis. your primary care doctor, either. Dispensaries have limited resources to work with, The Oregon Health Authority is required to provide and while they do their best to educate their bud“guidelines for attending physicians to follow when tenders there’s still only so much they can realistirecommending the medical use of marijuana for the cally achieve. purpose of mitigating the symptoms or effects of a de“It’s really hard for dispensaries to have the rebilitating medical condition.” sources to run their own educational This means that if your doctor programs or to pay for those reagrees that medical marijuana is a sources,” said Anna Symonds, edugood idea, then they are then obTHOUGH OUR CHEERY SMILES cation and partnership manager for ligated “to provide that patient with MAY BRIGHTEN YOUR DAY WE a... thorough patient evaluation, East Fork Cultivars. “Some are able to manage it, but treatment and follow-up plan.” CAN’T TAKE THE PLACE OF A oftentimes it’s left up to individual There’s also the promise of a LICENSED PROFESSIONAL WHEN more “patient-centered, integrative budtenders to try and educate themselves, which can also be a big task. IT COMES TO MAINTAINING YOUR cannabinoid care” at American There are some good educational Cannabinoid Clinics, where the HEALTH AND WELLNESS. programs available, but not everyKnox clan of doctors have created a one can afford the fees.” system that focuses on advising paBudtenders want to help. But we’re not doctors. tients on the use of medical Cannabis for illness and We aren’t discouraging you from asking queschronic diseases. It’s also a good idea to sit down and tions; rather, we are urging you to get the help you do some research for yourself. deserve. We want to help but we can’t do it for you. Learning what terpenes your body is attracted to is We can only point you in the right direction. a far more reliable indication if a cultivar will work for If you’re suffering from a life-threatening illness; you over THC percentage alone, and that provides you experience debilitating pain as the result of a severe with invaluable information you can take back to your injury, have a chronic condition or any other condidoctor. This can then help you better tailor a plan to tion that can’t simply be bandaged up, I implore you tackle your specific health issues head-on. to please seek the help of a medical professional. Good luck in your quest. We’re rooting for you.
Janelle Lassalle is a lifestyle writer, new contributor to Oregon Leaf and a budtender at Jayne in Portland.
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Each month, the Oregon Leaf crew meets to select one special budtender that stands out above the rest! Tell us who you think should be the next Oregon Leaf Budtender of the Month and why they deserve it!
FIRST CANNABIS EXPERIENCE?
“First and foremost, it’s about listening.”
My first experience with Cannabis was over 48 years ago, and I think you could say I really enjoyed it; since, 50 years later, here I am. I still enjoy Cannabis tremendously, and I have to say it is a much more pleasant experience now than it was back then. When I started it was all pressed dry dirt weed, that was chock-full of stems and seeds, and incredibly harsh. Nevertheless, it was what we had. We enjoyed it as often as we could get our hands on it at the time of prohibition.
HOW DO YOU HELP CUSTOMERS FIND THE BEST CANNABIS OR PRODUCTS FOR THEM?
Since Cannabis affects everybody differently I try to listen and ask questions. But listening is critical. My goal is not the sale so much, as it is to satisfy the customer’s needs and create a pleasant experience resulting in a long-term customer. When they return, and you can establish a base from the previous purchase, you can then help them fine-tune their choices. But, first and foremost, it’s about listening.
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN PART OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY AND WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE ASPECT OF THE JOB? I started budtending in September of 2016. We’re the last dispensary on your way up Mt. Hood. I like to say we’re the last “joint” on your way up or down the mountain. I love all the aspects of my job. My favorite part is getting to inform and interpret the modern Cannabis retail experience, and in doing so, raise people’s awareness of the many benefits of Cannabis. It’s a wonderful feeling to have someone return to the shop and tell you that a product you’ve sold to them has provided some medical or emotional benefit. Often times, I get to see people experience real relief after they’ve been trying other methods that haven’t worked. It’s a good feeling.
HOW DO YOU LIKE TO CONSUME CANNABIS? I enjoy all methods of consumption! Most of the time what I’m consuming is dictated by the weather, time of day or what activity I’m pursuing. My perfect setup? A warm, sunny day down at the river with my dog and my fishing rod, enjoying a freshly rolled joint. For me, it doesn’t get much better than that.
WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR FAVORITE CANNABIS STRAINS AND EFFECTS?
The strains I tend to like the most are of a certain terpene profile, but for me, that just connects to the effects they create. Whenever possible, I try to purchase landrace strains or strains that are connected to landrace strains. I want to taste the roots since they are what I grew up on. I feel like landrace strains are typically most mount hood stable in terms cannabis company of consistency 73410 US-26, Rhododendron and effect across (503) 622-4272 growers.
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HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THE CURRENT OLCC TESTING REQUIREMENTS?
budtender of the month
The drive from Portland to Mount Hood is a scenic marvel, lined with sweeping vistas and old growth forests covered in bright green moss. Many of the quaint towns you pass are, unfortunately, lacking in Cannabis commerce. But not the unincorporated community of Rhododendron, where the Mount Hood Cannabis Company is located, surrounded at its base by 100-foottall fir trees. MHCC is one of the nicest build-outs we’ve encountered outside of Portland. The building, a former chapel-in-the-woods has been modernized in terms of furnishings, while keeping some of the antique pews that graced the interior of the old church. Our Budtender of the Month is one of the longest-tenured at the shop, and, most importantly, knowledgeable about Cannabis.
The testing required by the OLCC is nothing more than a base from which to work from. I believe we all have to work together for accountability and for safety. This is just one of the amazing practices that Oregon has in place to ensure high-quality products being made available to the customer. If the Cannabis industry was left unregulated, I would only be using the product that I produced. The money will make some people do things without regard to others safety. Just in order to be more profitable.
WHAT SETS YOUR SHOP APART FROM THE REST?
Mount Hood Cannabis is a small shop, which allows us a more personalized experience. We pride ourselves on being able to take the time to fully answer questions or concerns. All of the budtenders and management working here are passionate about this industry. Some are concerned with the science of it all, some are interested in this for medical reasons, and some for alternative treatments. In one way or another, I think the industry has had a positive impact on all of our lives. We are fortunate to have a phenomenal crew, knowledgeable and eager to help with our customer’s needs.
HOBBIES AND INTERESTS OUTSIDE CANNABIS? I have a home on the Sandy River and I’m happy to engage in my favorite pastime often: fishing. Honestly, if I am by, on, or in the water, I’m a happy boy. My other interests are my dog, camping, mushroom hunting, crawfish, and just being outdoors. I like to travel but always look forward to coming home.
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Column #. 34
Highlighting amazing Cannabis pioneers who helped pave the way to greater herbal acceptance.
JOHN SALLEY Why the health-focused former NBA player and sports commentator uses Cannabis John Salley is a rare, four-time NBA
health and the environmental benefits of the vegan lifestyle. He’s even champion who earned that honor with been a spokesperson for PETA. Addithree different franchises through his stotionally, Salley is a regular Cannabis ried career. His friendly smile and evensmoker, often consuming Cannabis more-camera-friendly demeanor have after his morning workout. made him one of the most sought-after He’s not alone. He has joined spokespeople in the game. In his career, the growing list of celebrities that he’s worked as a sports broadcaster and are starting their own Cannabis analyst, actor, talk show host and combrands. The company, Deuces22 mentator and done just about everything (named after Salley’s #22 on NBA there is to do in the entertainment inteams) hasn’t officially launched dustry. And now, he’s a proud Cannabis yet – but Salley says they’ll feature business owner. sustainably grown Cannabis oil The winner of four championship rings, and flower. with three different teams, in three differ“Cannabis helps me relax my body. ent decades and two different millenniCombining it with a healthy lifestyle ums says he started smoking Cannabis gives me the feeling of wellness I like. in 1996. At this time he was 36 years It’s not just one thing… It’s a whole old and in the last few months of his pro way of life,” Salley career. He’s said that told High Times. his first experiences THE WINNER OF FOUR CHAMPIONSHIP This is also a famwith the herb were so RINGS, WITH THREE DIFFERENT TEAMS, ily business. Salley’s positive because of IN THREE DIFFERENT DECADES AND daughter, Tyla, serves how much better he slept and how much TWO DIFFERENT MILLENNIUMS SAYS HE as the President and CEO of Deuces22, better his body felt STARTED SMOKING CANNABIS IN 1996. shares that same (including during his perspective—and is also a vegan. final NBA playoff series.) In an on-theOf all the big four sports (NBA, street interview with TMZ, he explained NFL, NHL and MLB), the NBA seems that smoking Cannabis rather than using to be the best equipped to allow it’s pharmaceuticals would likely have explayer to benefit from the healthy role tended his career. He noted in the interthat Cannabis can play in a sports view that “Cannabis fits into my healthy career. lifestyle because it allows me to medicate As to the NBA’s “don’t ask, don’t without damaging my liver, my kidneys tell” policy with Cannabis? “This is a or my spleen. In addition, I don’t have to thing that literally brings peace, calm look like an old man, I don’t have to take and healing,” Salley says. any drug.” “I think teams need to invest more What seems to particularly go hand-ininto the thought of [Cannabis.] hand with his Cannabis lifestyle is Salley’s They need to invest more into penchant for healthy living. Throughout what’s going on and into keeping his post-NBA career, he’s become intheir players healthy--not just for creasingly health conscious. while you have them, but for the life As a vegan, he promotes a raw, plantthat comes after.” based diet – noting both the personal
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“Cannabis fits into my healthy lifestyle because it allows me to medicate without damaging my liver, my kidneys or my spleen. I don’t have to look like an old man, I don’t have to take any drug.”
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JOHN FOWLER BATTLING LYME DISEASE THROUGH CANNABIS John Fowler created the “To Be Blunt” YouTube channel where he reviews Cannabis products from local Oregon dispensaries. Besides his passion for all things Cannabis, Fowler is a proud Eagle Scout who uses Cannabis to relieve the painful symptoms of Chronic Lyme Disease.
ohn Fowler was not diagnosed with Lyme disease until December 2015. He was living with a roommate who was going to school, so he thought he was just getting sick from something going around. But things started to get worse, and fast. Though Fowler was working technical support at the time, he thought previous years of construction and physical labor had taken a toll on his body. Then Fowler’s father passed away and he had to make his way back East for the funeral. “I started getting sick on the job and had to call in,” Fowler said. “I thought the construction work that was abusing my body - and I was tired from the hard work. Between that and the three-year-old, I would have never guessed it was Lyme.” Fowler finally saw a doctor on the East coast and had a series of tests done to figure out what was causing his fatigue. “Finally after numerous tests, my doctor said I had Lyme for years. The West coast doctors and - especially the neurologists - think it’s all in your head because they are not as familiar with Lyme as the east coast doctors,” Fowler said. “In my experience, neurologists can be very dismissive.” Reports of Lyme disease are much higher on the East coast in comparison to the West. Unfortunately, Fowler did not experience the typical bulls-eye rash associated with Lyme when he was first infected – which is why he went undetected for so long. He went years before he finally got properly diagnosed when he became routinely sick due to Lyme wearing down his immune system. “I was living in North Carolina a few years back before the diagnosis and chances are, it probably started there,” he said. “I lived on several acres in the middle of the woods and part of my chores was spreading tick poison. We estimated it was around 2000 when I contracted Lyme. When I was finally diagnosed in December 2015, my doctor said I had it for at least five years.” Fowler didn’t try Cannabis until his early 20s in New York. He grew up and became an Eagle Scout
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“I find it a lot harder to filter myself these days, which is part of the reason why I named my show “To Be Blunt.” and wasn’t a big drinker either. Fowler smoked about Cannabis products for his ‘To Be Blunt” socially from time to time but did not become a channel on YouTube because it was a way he bonafide stoner until after his diagnosis. could give back to the OMMP community by “I became an OMMP patient in 2016 and startproviding education and real-time reviews to ed using Cannabis products on a medicinal basis. help navigate new Cannabis users. The problem with Lyme is that it releases toxins “I find it a lot harder to filter myself these as you kill it from the inside. Often, [late stage/ days, which is part of the reason why I named undiagnosed] Lyme tends to do more damage on my show “To Be Blunt.” It all started because its way out. Honestly, the brain and memory issues my friends and I wanted to be like the “Buzzare much worse than the physical part. It’s hard feed” of weed. Now, I live in a small town and for me to recall a lot of things memory-wise.” I feel trapped in my small room, so I started “I’m in a wheelchair because of my muscles as making videos,” he said. well as my joints. I often deal with cramps and “I hope someday it might be something, but inflammation, so I use a lot of CBD. My favorite for now it keeps me busy and keeps me using CBD flower is Freedom grown by 7 Points, which any kind of skill I might still have. I figured if is said to be bred by a veteran.” I’m going to be an OMMP patient, I wanted to He’s also a dabber. “For concentrates, I love the focus on the education aspect. I want to talk ‘Lite Me Up’ processed by Dab Society and grown about THCA and suppositories – things you by Bull Run Craft Cannabis. THCA helps when I’m normally wouldn’t associate with Cannabis culfeeling crampy/twitchy, but I still need mental clarture. It’s a way I can give back the community, ity. I feel like it’s not something a lot of people talk which is also why I became an Eagle when I about, but Cannabis suppositories are was in the Boy Scouts. Giving back See John’s reviews really helpful as well,” Fowler said. to my community has always been a of Oregon products Fowler started to make review videos Youtube.com/ToBeBlunt part of who I am.”
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REVIEW by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
A spacious and attractive buildout with plenty of parking, top-shelf products, and customer-focused employees
JAYNE | PORTLAND
2145 NE Martin Luther King Jr Blvd. @Jayne.PDX JaynePDX.com
Strains 4/5 CURATED BY some of the top growers in Oregon,
Jayne’s menu is, in one word, stout. On our early April visit, we saw Phyre, Cascade High, Grown Rogue, Bula Farms (Strain of the Month featured on pg. 40), High Noon Cultivation, and more. While the volume of strains was not as impressive as some other shops, there wasn’t a strain on the shelf we would have passed up. They also have the bottle shop equivalent of “no corkage fee,” and will hand roll a joint of any flower purchased free of cost.
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Edibles 4/5 JUST LIKE for their flower menu,
Jayne’s edible lineup is compact and all about connoisseur grade. Jayne carries a little something for everyone. Admire the beautifully displayed products in large brightly lit cases stocking everything from Elbe’s Edibles to Laurie and Mary Jane’s to newcomers in the market like Hapy Kitchen and Lux Edibles.
Concentrates 4/5 LOTS OF cartridges in this section,
likely catering to the neighborhood, but it’s overall a quite solid selection and more diverse than many shelves you’ll come across. Jayne carries potent and medicinally beneficial whole plant extract from Nu and Siskiyou Sungrown, live resin from Lunchbox Alchemy, hydrocarbon-free rosin from Karma Originals and more.
NORTHERN LIGHTS NO. 5 LIVE RESIN
Viola Extracts is a newcomer
DEW SENSUAL CANNABIS OIL
to the Oregon recreational L AB EL Cannabis scene, but by no means a newcomer to the F L AVO R industry. Founded in Colorado in EF F ECT 2014, they have since VAL U E expanded to Oregon t otal 16/20 THC and have just begun to hit shelves this spring. Their in-house cultivated and sun-grown Northern Lights No. 5 Live Resin CBD is sublimely potent and clean. Only moments after a small dab and my eyelids began to feel test results BY LIGHTSCALE heavy and my body relaxed. ($50/g)
THE ENVIRONMENT is relaxed, upscale and quirky. Many of the employees have been with the store for two or more years, resulting in a familial feel with much of the staff. The store has substantial parking and the dispensary itself is spacious, open and built for the modern-day Cannabis consumer. Jayne is the perfect option to bring a first-time dispensary visitor to, having invested considerable time and effort developing a space that is comfortable for all to shop in.
LA B EL experimenting with EF F EC T Luminous Botanicals’ Dew Sensual Cannabis VA LU E CBD Oil. The oil is lightly t ota l 13/15 per 10ml vial scented and comes in a small spray bottle for easy application. I immediately discovered that even if lubrication isn’t an immediate need, the oil enhances the experience. The addition generous amount of THC and CBD to the oil provides a pleasant, mildly intensified stimulation. ($30)
My partner and I had a great time
Overall 17/20 JAYNE IS A SHINING EXAMPLE of a
craft-focused and quality driven dispensary, with a spacious and attractive buildout, plenty of parking, top-shelf products and customer-focused employees. Whether you’re a new Cannabis consumer or seasoned vet looking for the best, Jayne is definitely worth a visit.
Madeline, a budtender at Jayne for two years, rolls a joint at the joint station.
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$3 grams and $75 ounce deals - find your slice of paradise
10735 NE HALSEY ST. PORTLAND I (971) 803-7172 I MON-SUN 7:45 AM-10 PM I @SHOPPARADISEFOUND While Supplies Last. For adults 21+. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. Keep marijuana out of the reach of children.
PURE PEAK CHOCOLATE BARS 2
UNIQUE STRAINS DEBUT EVERY MONTH.
An edible cannabis experience as unique as each farm-fresh flower strain. 70% dark chocolate couverture, infused with Peak’s proprietary, single-strain extracts, all designed to deliver a variety of strain-specific, full-spectrum cannabis experiences. No artificial flavors – just naturally present terpenes and flavonoids – aways vegan and gluten free.
HANDCRAFTED IN PORTLAND, ENJOYED BY OREGON. PEAKEXTRACTS.COM A woman-owned cannabis company.
For use only by adults 21 and older. Keep out of reach of children. BE CAUTIOUS: Cannabinoid edibles can take up to two hours or more to take effect.
REVIEW by @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
Gnome Grown Oregon
The shop is filled to the brim with the best in-house flower and concentrates Gnome Grown Oregon 719 Molalla Ave, Oregon City GnomeGrownOrganics.com (503) 908-1491
Strains 5/5 GNOME GROWN provides excellent strains from
their own garden, with growers who frequently budtend in the shop. The staff has extensive knowledge of their strains, or any cultivar sourced from outside of their farm. Every flower comes with a full terpene analysis, so you can shop for the tastiest flowers. All flower is soilgrown, without any sprays or pesticides and quality of their work shines through every strain.
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Edibles 5/5 THE EDIBLE SELECTION is
well stocked for those looking for whatever spectrum of cannabinoids you might need. Gummies, candies, fullextract oil, capsules or trail mix bars â€“ you name it, GG has it.
Concentrates 4/5 STOCKED with the very best from
Willamette Valley Alchemy and inhouse rosin by Permaculture Solutions. Solventless options are also offered through my favorite vape pens by Evolve. Gnome Grown works with many of the oil companies they offer and you can find several Gnome Grown strains available in concentrate form.
EVOLVD CO2 CARTRIDGE
Evolvd uses use real
single-source, steeped L AB EL terpenes in every F L AVO R cart and the taste is excellent. The high EF F ECT quality, VAL U E all glass t otal 17/20 THC cartridges and adjustable temperature battery make this pen a must have for the discerning CBD Cannabis user. Every cart is labeled so you won’t get mixed up and bonus: you can close the mouthpiece to eliminate potential leakage. Skip the distillate and reach for a solventless Evolvd pen if you want the convenience of a vape, but the quality of a craft-level Cannabis extract. ($42)
Environment 5/5 DESIGNED by Megan Stone, Gnome Grown
urges you to stick and around and actually shop for Cannabis, versus the usual being rushed in and out. The beautiful shop is ADA accessible and complete with a parking lot located outback. The budtenders are charming as hell and oozing with knowledge of Cannabis products. If you want the best of the Oregon Cannabis market –GG is your ideal destination.
KEY LIME PIE 21.51%
the most THC terpy of the a rom a bunch by de n s ity nose. The cure CBD combination l ooks of citrus zest and fl avor basil-hops overwhelm the senses. The cure e ffe ct tota l 25/30 was perfect and the smoke was excellent. A refreshingly buzzy high, like a cup of green tea spiked with gassy citrus. The terpenes shined through the entire joint down to the nub. This strain is grown to perfection, so if you’re looking for a lime-y number – try it out. ($12/g)
GOJI OG 28.0% THC
Goji OG is one of my
a r o ma den si t y cure lo o ks f lavo r ef f ec t t ota l 27/30
favorite strains of all time. The unique terpene profile of sweet earth and lavender makes this cultivar a musttry. Grown in-house by the Gnomies themselves, THC levels top out at an impressive 28 percent with a decent amount CBG of CBG as well. Their Gogi OG packs a serious punch given the level of terpenes and cannabinoids present in this cultivar. The cure is perfect and the smoke is your ideal evening toke. ($9/g)
Overall 19/20 GNOME GROWN is a visually stunning dispensary, serving the craft-level needs of Oregon City residents. Not only does GG look the part, but it’s filled to the brim with the best in-house produced flower and concentrates making it arguably one of the best vertically integrated businesses in Oregon.
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420 NE 60th Ave urbanfarmacypdx.com (503) 957-7832
Hours: Mon/Tues: 10:00AM - 9:00PM Weds - Sat: 10:00AM - 9:45PM Sun: 11:00AM - 7:00PM Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. For use only by adults 21 years of age and older. Keep marijuana out of the reach of children.
FRESH SQUEEZED OREGON LEAF
Oregon Leaf REVIEW by MATTHEW MEYERS | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
OG 40/may 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STRAIN OF THE MONTH The Fresh Squeezed OG (aka
Lemon Heads) grown by Bula Farms of Hood River, and bread by Archive, is a tangy cross of Lemon G x Faceoff OG. It delivers all the flavor and cerebral effect youâ€™d expect from Lemon G, balanced by a tinge of earthy funk and gentle relaxation from the Faceoff OG. The flower has a medium density, with traces of purple visible past the frosty coating of trichomes. Its distinct smell pulls you in from a distance, a wonderful combination lemon zest and sweet orange. The scent profile is 27.81% reminiscent of Country Time powdered lemonade. Smoked in a clean bubbler, this terpene profile FRESH SQUEEZED OG carries over nicely to WON BEST HYBRID the exhale. The Faceoff OG characteristics also AT THE OREGON more evident, CANNABIS CLASSIC became adding a deeper hint IN 2017. of earth to the fresh citrus you get on the nose. Effects are predominantly cerebral with subtle sensations transferring down gently into the body. The relaxing Fresh Squeezed OG is wonderful for a picnic, hiking or nice day in the hammock in the spring sunshine.
Available from Gorge Green Cross, AmericannaRX, Pacific Green and Archive Portland and more.
BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE SHINING A LIGHT ON THE COMPANIES AND PROFESSIONALS HELPING DRIVE OREGON’S CANNABIS INDUSTRY. P. 44-63
INTERVIEWS by OREGON LEAF CONTRIBUTORS PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN
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Lucid Design President Michael Lindars’ Portland office shows examples of the company’s work.
PRODUCT DESIGN[LUCID DESIGN] How was Lucid created?
WE LIKE TO MAKE SURE THAT THE ESSENCE OF THE PEOPLE WHO GROW OR PROCESS ARE REFLECTED IN THEIR PRODUCT.
I had been working as design director for some large corporations, and at that point, I had designers working for me, directors, models, managers, and it was a lot of stress. I went to my doctor about the stress and he said I can give you Xanax or you can become a chicken farmer. I wasn’t enjoying my job, so I quit 20 years ago and started my own company. It was just me for many years, but since I have a network of sales reps Lucid immediately started doing packaging for major retailers. Do you feel having a small, dedicated team helps Lucid connect with clients better?
I think the only way to make the process work is through direct communication and understanding with your team. When you have a big agency communication can get lost or have an alternative view. I would rather have clients in direct contact with the team and me to really get to know their needs. And it saves them a ton of money because it allows us to provide a better cost option. Why did you choose to focus on Cannabis?
The Cannabis industry chose us. About five years ago Golden XTRX knocked on our door and said they were interested in branding and packaging for the Cannabis industry. It was something I always wanted to do, create packaging for the Cannabis industry. We embraced it and it was a great opportunity to be the first design firm creating attractive packaging in the state. Eventually, other companies began to appreciate what we were doing and came to us.
It’s ongoing. I have clients I’ve been working with for 20 years. We keep a really good relationship for a long time, it’s not often that we lose a client, and we want to support our clients long term. How many brands or products has Lucid assisted in?
I think we’re in the ballpark of 50 different brands. We’ve been involved with a lot of companies and every type of package or product you can imagine. How you are helping Cannabis companies brand and become more professional?
Every company we work with is pretty unique, and everyone has really their own soul. What we like to do is figure out what that actually is – what is special about the company beyond the name? Then we make the branding and packaging reflect that. We like to make sure that the essence of the people who grow or process are reflected in their product. Cannabis is really all over the place, everyone has a dream of what the brand will be, we like to help them make that real.
Lucid Design has been serving clients for over 20 years, providing full graphic design services from logos to packaging for large and small companies. The tight-knit team has jumped into the Cannabis space over the last five years, taking their hands-on approach to client development and applying it to some of the biggest brands in Cannabis. We sat down to chat with President of Lucid Design, Michael Lindars about how they help clients and what we can learn from his experience as a successful design firm.
What do you think companies can do to better their position in the industry, and what would you recommend to new and developing businesses?
The problem with the industry is that there’s a lot of companies in it right now, so it’s very crowded. There are a lot of growers and processors. There are so many that it’s difficult to even get into dispensaries these days, so really there are a couple things we recommend. Although there is competition on pricing, you must also you must focus on your brand appearance. At any level when you walk into store, you are attracted to something that What types of services do you provide for clients? looks good. Doing the best branding you can, We usually provide the full spectrum of brandwill allow for a competitive advantage. ing services. First, we work on the brandAlso, be as professional ing, then we create packaging. We help and innovative as you can LUCID DESIGN clients find sources for packaging to get and stay competitive. @LucidDesign produced. Then we build a website, help Lucid-Design.com with advertising, social media and more.
MAY 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
INTERVIEW by NATE WILLIAMS | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
Oregon Leaf got an inside look at one of the state’s sleekest new labs. Founded in 2015, Lightscale Labs is an Oregon Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program Certified Cannabis testing facility in Portland. Lightscale Labs tests for potency levels of THC and CBD as well as ensuring a Cannabis product is free of pesticides and any residual solvents before a product can reach store shelves.
TESTING [LIGHTSCALE LABS] is bright, clean and chic. The waiting room is inviting and invokes a modern lounge. Highend testing equipment was arranged neatly throughout the lab. As we toured the space, the flow of product from intake to storage to testing became apparent. While the lab itself is fairly compact. The efficiency of the layout allows them to handle more than 1,000 tests per month with a standard turnaround time of only five to seven days for a full compliance screening, which includes pesticide and potency analysis. Lightscale employs nine people, all with diverse backgrounds in technology, chemistry, biology, design, marketing and more. Lightscale Labs was founded by brothers Julien, Justin, and Jesse Ouellette and Chief Scientist Aaron Troyer in 2015. Born and raised in Portland, the Ouellette brothers are selfproclaimed homegrown weed nerds. Troyer is also a Portland native and went to high school with Jesse, and then came on board with the project as the Chief Scientist in late 2014. Lightscale Labs
“WE’RE ALL PASSIONATE ABOUT MAKING CANNABIS SAFER THROUGH SCIENCE FOR BOTH PEOPLE AND THE PLANET,”
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All three brothers use Cannabis recreationally, but for Justin, it’s an essential tool used to treat Crohn’s Disease, a chronic inflammatory condition of the digestive tract. This year, the team at Lightscale is focused on building an even better experience for its customers, in terms of the testing process, accessing Co-founder Justin Oullette, left, and sharing data results through social media and and Chemist Harrison Cassady. other channels. As new data and research lend more insight, This type of test result only comes from Lightscale will continue to add in compounds to a combination of precise testing methods, the list of standard items tested for. Just last month, excellent communication and the desire to do they announced they will begin testing for five new things right, no matter how much cannabinoids, CBG, CBGA, CBC, Delta-8 time it takes. and THCV, at no additional cost. LIGHTSCALE LABS While most labs are focused Lightscale is one of seven labs in the (503) 493-2535 on cranking out as many tests state that is ORELAP accredited for potency, email@example.com as possible, Lightscale prefers to pesticide, and solvent analysis. They are 2535 N Ross Ave Portland, OR 97227 focus on accuracy and precision; also one of only three statewide that are Lightscale.com a respectable endeavor in today’s also accredited for ORELAP certified high-cost, low-reward world of sampling procedures. Cannabis business. Lightscale has set itself apart from the rest with a “We’re all passionate about making strong focus on customer service. “We love working Cannabis safer through science for both closely with processors to get their unique products people and the planet,” said Justin. dialed in exactly right,” Justin explains as he presents “We strive to have the highest accuracy of us with a test result. The data is impressive indeed, any Cannabis lab, [and] we take great pride showing results for a potency test on a finished oilin customer service and delivery of fast and based product with a perfectly executed and exact reliable turnaround times.” ratio of 10:1 CBD. THC.
THE LAB CURRENTLY TESTS FOR 11 CANNABINOIDS AND IN THE NEXT FEW WEEKS THAT WILL INCREASE TO 14 (THERE ARE OVER 100 KNOWN CANNABINOIDS) AND EVENTUALLY THEY WANT TO TEST FOR THEM ALL. INTERVIEW by WES ABNEY | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
TESTING [GREEN LEAF LAB]
was founded in 2011 by Rowshan Reordan to promote access to information, education and legitimization in Oregon’s Cannabis industry. Having lived in a community in Southern Oregon known for its growing, Reordan realized the importance of knowing the compounds in the plant and what better way to do so than testing. “When I opened Green Leaf Lab, no one in the Cannabis community had heard of testing,” Reordan said. “I realized that testing would be required if the product was to be sold in stores some day. Oregon still operated under OMMP only at that time and the dispensary law had not yet passed. It took time and dedication educating both consumers and growers on the importance of testing for the Cannabis community, even though, testing is required in the pharmaceutical, agricultural and nutraceutical industries.” Green Leaf Lab offers a full suite of services utilized by both license holders and home growers to learn more about their plants and products. The company offers all the testing services required by the state to bring products to market. This includes cannabinoid profiles, pesticides and residual solvent analysis, moisture content, water activity, and homogeneity testing. Additionally, they offer terpene profiles and microbiology testing to help customers better understand their products. Green Leaf Lab
to various labs and get different results. “We work very closely with our customers This is a disservice to the end consumer to ensure they are meeting the requirements who is making the purchase and using the of bringing safe, clean, and consistent product,” DiFalco said. products to market,” Sales Director Anthony “If they are a medical patient and DiFalco said. they know they need a specific dose to “We have a full time compliance achieve the desired efficacy, or they are specialist, Kirsten Hamrick, on staff to a recreational consumer who prefers to help customers maintain compliance micro dose, having consistent reliable with state rules. Our chief science officer information to make those decisions about Eric Wendt has years of experience in both what is going into their body is important.” pharmaceutical and nutraceutical product DiFalco said they truly feel that development to assist customers with implementing standardized development of new products. methodology for the industry We have account managers GREEN LEAF LAB is necessary for the continued that cover the whole state and (503) 253-3511 success and growth of the provide sampling services to info@GreenLeafLab.org legalized Cannabis market in customers.” 12025 NE Marx St, this country. There are many things that Portland, OR 97220 GreenLeafLab.org Green Leaf Lab hopes separate Green Leaf Lab from to continue to expand their competitors, DiFalco the services they can offer their said. “The most common feedback we customers. The lab currently tests for receive from new customers is the excellent 11 cannabinoids and in the next few weeks customer support they receive. Whether that will increase to 14 (there are over 100 its helping them with METRC issues, known cannabinoids) and eventually they investigating manufacturing issues, or want to test for them all. providing guidance on product formulation, “We are working on expanded we do all we can to help our customers be pesticide testing services, increasing successful in this industry. We also have the our microbiology and genetic analysis most competitive turn around times and we capabilities, adding elemental analysis for strive for accuracy and consistency in the nutrient verification, and we are always data produced to give our customers the hunting for new terpenes to add to our information they need to run a business.” 42 terpene profile,” DiFalco said. One change Green Leaf Lab would “We strive to be the most comprehensive like to see in the industry is the adoption Cannabis laboratory in the industry and we and implementation of standardized want to continue our mission of providing methodology across all laboratories. the resources needed and relied upon by “The most common difficulty we hear, our customers for their success.” is from license holders who send samples
WE STRIVE FOR ACCURACY AND CONSISTENCY IN THE DATA PRODUCED TO GIVE OUR CUSTOMERS THE INFORMATION THEY NEED TO RUN A BUSINESS. Green Leaf Lab Sales Director Anthony DIFalco
MAY 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
GROW SUPPLY [NEIL BERNSTEIN] Roots Garden Supply in Portland was founded in 2006 and has been raising the standard for grow shops ever since. Owner Bernstein discovered his love of plants at a young age when he helped his father work on their elaborate flower and veggie garden at home with his meticulous green thumb. That love for plants continues as he helps growers of all levels at the well-stocked Portland shop. PROFILE by MATTHEW MEYERS | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
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ROOTS GARDEN SUPPLY
Roots Garden Supply stands out
because of their expert and experienced employees who have a diverse knowledge of growing. Bernstein works hard to limit employee turnover rates, so you can rely on seeing the same friendly helpful faces every time you stop by the shop. There’s only one employee that’s been with Roots for less than four years and some have been there over 10 years. No matter your grow problem, the staff at Roots can find a solution and help you out. Bernstein explained that adult-use legalization of Cannabis has affected his business. Around 50 percent of Root’s business is now OLCC licensed producers. As the surplus of growers and product continues to build, Roots is there to help their clients stay competitive with expert advice and economical pricing thanks to long-standing relationships with top suppliers.
6850 North Interstate Ave. Portland, OR 97217 RootsGardenSupply.com
A destination shop for more than a decade
ADVICER FOR...HOME GROWERS Have fun; try to make things easier by finding short finishing variety!
Remember that you started this all. Never stop representing and progressing the medical potential for the plant!
In a market with oversupply and fixed buyers, the best 10 percent of product will sell first. Focus on quality over everything else.
THERE’S ONLY ONE EMPLOYEE THAT’S BEEN WITH ROOTS FOR LESS THAN FOUR YEARS; SOME HAVE BEEN THERE OVER 10.
PROFILE by MATTHEW MEYERS | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
Thereâ€™s a ton of work involved with getting a Cannabis product from a producer onto a dispensary shelf. To aid in this process there are a plethora of distribution companies popping up that serve as a middleman between producer and dispensary. However, some distributors stand apart from the rest; Dreamfield Transfer Services is one of those companies.
Dreamfield is a wonderful example of how you can creatively find success in the Cannabis business.
Nicholas Erler and his partner Charles Weller founded Dreamfield in 2016. Erler drew inspiration from his experiences in wholesale food distribution, and during this time Erler recognized the challenge of harmonizing the sales and logistics departments in the distribution business. After some time in the Cannabis industry, Erler saw a great opportunity to create Dreamfield and change the distribution model. The secret was to become a neutral brand that focuses on delivering packages on time and with a high degree of customer service, rather than trying to represent and sell the products they deliver. Itâ€™s difficult to adequately represent multiple brands and product lines as a distributor, especially when the competing products overlap. Erler believes that producers and processors are the stars of the industry and his business exists to serve them so they can focus on making their products as good as they can be. This intention is a rarity in the current market because it combines with brand neutrality and builds longterm synergistic relationships. Dreamfield allows brands to conduct their own sales knowing that once a deal is made the product will quickly and efficiently deliver to the final customer. This creative business model and the logistical customer service will DREAMFIELD help Dreamfield stay competitive TRANSFER SERVICES @Dreamfield_Oregon during this chaotic first decade of DreamfieldServices.com legal adult-use Cannabis.
ERLER BELIEVES THAT PRODUCERS AND PROCESSORS ARE THE STARS OF THE INDUSTRY AND HIS BUSINESS EXISTS TO SERVE THEM SO THEY CAN FOCUS ON MAKING THEIR PRODUCTS AS GOOD AS THEY CAN BE.
Handling the tough task of transporting Cannabis products.
MAY 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
PROFILE by JANELLE LASSALLE | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
It’s 7:30 am, and while most of the faces in the room are still half-asleep, curled over cups of coffee in a desperate attempt to wake up, Anna Symonds’ smile is already lighting up the room.
As the official Education and Partnership Manager at East Fork Cultivars, Symonds’ job is to share emerging research about CBD with Cannabis professionals across the state of Oregon.
Empowering budtenders through CBD knowledge
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Symonds accomplishes this task by navigating them through the CBD Certified program created by East Fork, a course that educates budtenders about the benefits of CBD with the hopes of helping customers make better, more informed purchasing choices. “We believe that CBD-rich Cannabis is an incredible resource to eliminate unnecessary suffering and improve people’s lives, and we want to share this resource with everyone,” Symonds said. “We’re in this transition time, where Cannabis is available but all of the information we need is not. We need to help each other,” she said. “We’re not going to sit around and wait for the federal government. In order to better care for ourselves and each other, we need to share knowledge to empower people to access therapeutic resources that could help them.” Symonds is a staunch believer in the power of CBD. “There’s a big misconception around the HER GOALS ARE TWOFOLD: EDUCATE term ‘psychoactive,’” she continues. “A psychoactive CANNABIS PROFESSIONALS AND substance interacts with your HELP END THE NEGATIVE STIGMA, nervous system to produce DUE TO LACK OF INFORMATION. a change in mood or behavior—and this doesn’t have to be a ‘high.’ While CBD is non-intoxicating, it is psychoactive. The psychoactive qualities help CBD relax us and has well-documented antianxiety, anti-seizure and anti-psychotic effects.” Her goal is twofold: firstly, to better educate Cannabis professionals, and then to combat the negative stigma that comes with a lack of information about Cannabis. “The more people who learn just how medically effective and relatively safe Cannabis is, the more support we have toward attaining universal medical and adult access.” She offered a story of helping her 86-year-old grandma start using CBD for relieving severe arthritis. “It’s made such a huge difference for her quality of life and ability to enjoy each day. Sharing happy tears about it together was something that I’ll never forget.” Anna’s experiences have inspired her. “Talking with the people who work in and own dispensaries, you learn that many of them have their own quiet stories as OMMP patients and that fuels their passion and commitment to the work they do. I feel privileged to EAST FORK CULTIVARS be a part of the movement that’s happening and to do my own small @EastForkCultivars EastForkCultivars.com part in contributing to it.”
BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE INTERVIEW by PACER STACKTRAIN | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
INTERIOR DESIGN [SCOTT DAVIDSON] With all of the constant evolution of product, technology and technique in the legal Cannabis industry, it can be easy to forget what stores or dispensaries looked like prior to legalization. Today’s Cannabis storefronts in Oregon are anything but stark white rooms with fluorescent lighting and a used jeweler’s counter. Successful shops tend to cater to the visual experience and some clearly stand out above the rest. The retail “wow factor” is the domain of designers like Scott Davidson. With a background in architecture and an eye for innovation and creativity, Davidson has created and crafted some of the best dispensaries we’ve seen in Oregon recently. How did you get connected to the industry?
I have an undergraduate degree from the University of Texas-San Antonio and a master’s degree in architecture from the University of Texas Arlington. I have 20 years of experience in design projects ranging from high-end homes to affordable apartments for non-profit groups. I got connected to the Cannabis industry shortly after finishing the Schoolhouse Electric/ Ristretto Roasters space off of NW Nicolai [Street in Portland]. The designer I worked with on those projects hired me to help him create Five Zero Tree’s second retail location on SW Beaverton Hillsdale Highway. After completing that project, I was hired directly by Five Zero Trees to design the rest of their spaces. That was about three years ago. You’ve designed some of the most innovative and sharp looking dispensaries in the state. What’s your ethic for designing a space for people to experience Cannabis?
I want to create multi-layered spatial experiences. My idea is to utilize carefully curated reclaimed objects and lumber that are unique to Oregon. I always start by looking at the existing lighting, views, sight lines, structural elements and architectural barriers in the space. I’m looking for intimate spatial relationships to create a soothing energy, which I hope will make the experience enjoyable for both the customer and the employees who work there. I like to layer the spaces with textural walls that allow light and sound through which helps keep rooms connected, while separate. Who are some of the iconic designers or historic design trends that inspire you?
I’m a big fan of the independent spirit the German Bauhaus designers embodied. I love the textural and sculptural forms of Corbusier and Gaudi’s buildings, and the community-based recycled design work that Rural Studio did with Sam Mockbee. I’m inspired by futuristic materials and forms. Another major inspiration is my wife, Sam. We collaborate on design work frequently and I contribute a majority of my success to her informed feedback, opinions on color palettes and her candid commentary.
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With his buddy, Duke
I HAVE 20 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE IN DESIGN PROJECTS RANGING FROM HIGH-END HOMES TO AFFORDABLE APARTMENTS FOR NON-PROFIT GROUPS.
Do you consume Cannabis? What’s your history with Cannabis?
Yes, I’m an avid consumer! I started smoking in college midway through my undergraduate degree, after having knee surgery from a skateboard injury. I think I was around 20 years old. It helped with the pain during rehab and the depression from not being able to skateboard for a year. Best weed story?
When I was in college, my friend Dahveed and I went to a Dinosaur Jr. show in Austin. He tried to sneak a joint into the venue by putting it behind his ear and hiding it under a beanie. When we got to the door, the bouncer just grabbed the beanie off his head and looked it over for any drugs. We started freaking out! But he gave it back and were free to go inside the show. Midway through the show, he checks his ear for the J and it’s missing. And he’s pissed off that he made it through the surprise beanie inspection, only to have it disappear mid-show. Right when he gives up and starts to put the beanie back on his head I look up and see the J sitting on the top of his head. Stupid, but funny. I also accidentally swallowed a joint in front of a bunch of strangers I just met in South Beach one time — talk about an ice breaker! What are some of your hobbies or other activities outside of the industry? I love spending time with my wife Sam, checking out design events, architectural landmarks, art openings. I also still skateboard regularly and film/edit videos with my other skate homies. Anything else we should know about? Upcoming projects?
Davidson has designed beautiful interiors for Five Zero Trees shops.
I’ve got another Five Zero Trees store opening up soon in downtown Oregon City on Main and I’m really excited with how this one turned out!
Erin Kennedy is the sole proprietor behind Aperture Consulting Group in Portland and is a prime example of why we wanted to put this Behind the Scenes Issue together. Erin has helped nearly 200 Oregon Cannabis businesses understand how to be fully compliant so they can become licensed recreational companies.
COMPLIANCE [ERIN KENNEDY]
Aperture Consulting Group Kennedy is a multi-talented entrepreneur with vast work experience. Her career has taken her from government
“[MY WORK RANGES] FROM QUICK CALLS A FEW TIMES A WEEK TO BIG PROJECTS INVOLVING LICENSE RELOCATIONS, CORRECTIVE ACTIONS, POLICY AND PROCEDURE DEVELOPMENT, QUARTERLY COMPLIANCE AUDITS, OR EVEN ACTING AS THEIR COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE OFFICER,”
not only understand the rules but to incorporate jobs to telecommunications and onto to aerospace procedures that would defense. Now she spends her time lending her insight ensure compliance with into process re-engineering, systems efficiencies and their operations. infrastructure development for the benefit of Oregon’s Kennedy saw the lack of available assistance and Cannabis entrepreneurs. decided to make a change. In July 2015, Kennedy Kennedy had worked with the Oregon Health parted ways from the OHA and then Aperture ConAuthority to build the country’s first medical marijuana sulting Group was founded. dispensary program for about 15 months. While there Now she maintains about 25 clients on averher time was spent registering new dispensaries and age. She’s worked with everyone from small compaexecuting inspections and investigations. Once the nies to massive multi-state Cannabis brands. program was built and she was interacting with the “[My work ranges] from quick calls a few times a industry, she quickly found that the people launching week to big projects involving license relocations, corthese companies were very “green” to running legitirective actions, policy and procedure development, mate legal businesses. quarterly compliance audits, or even acting The reality of the situation is most Cannabis as their company’s compliance officer,” she APERTURE entrepreneurs come from the unregulated or said. Her daily tasks can require her to be CONSULTING “gray market” of medical and are accustomed flexible and knowledgeable about various GROUP to running with little regulation whatsoevaspects of Cannabis businesses. ACGPDX.com er. Most of these business owners struggle to Kennedy has a series of goals for the
industry. “I see myself as an agent of empowerment. I’m here to support and cheer on my clients because their success is my success,” Kennedy said. These goals include access to banking and traditional loans like every other industry, an enlarged staff for the OLCC to more efficiently manage the program, and normalcy in pace and development of the industry. Kennedy’s Aperture Consulting Group is, and continues to be, Oregon’s go-to compliancy specialist. Building a brand new business is difficult in any industry and a monumental challenge in Cannabis. Oregon entrepreneurs can breathe a little easier knowing Aperture Consulting Group is only a call away.
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BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
Photo by Linus Shentu/StockPot Images
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STOCKPOT IMAGES | OPHELIA CHONG Ophelia@StockPotImages.com
Ophelia Chong is the founder of StockPot Images, a stock photography company that focuses solely on Cannabis, from consumption to lifestyle and everything in between. She’s a creative and inspiring entrepreneur who has taught as an art school professor and now works to educate through messaging of Cannabis. She is also the creator of Asian Americans for Cannabis Education, and a partner at Bevel Group, which seeks to help Cannabis brands expand into new markets. We had the pleasure of chatting with her about the stigma Cannabis users face, and how photos have the power to change how Cannabis is perceived worldwide. How did Cannabis come into your life?
What brought me to it was my friends who brought Cannabis over when my parents were away. This was all Canadian weed, in Toronto where I grew up. It was seeds and twigs, basically ditch weed back in the early 80’s, and I kept thinking is that all there is? I didn’t smoke again until I came to California. What brought Cannabis back into your life?
What spurred me three years ago was my sister’s autoimmune disease. She was shrinking down to 80 pounds and all her soft tissues were hardening. Although she lives in a country where Cannabis isn’t allowed, she tried it and it helped her. I hadn’t touched it except the occasional joint at a party in years, but she asked me for help getting her medicine since I lived in California, and suddenly I was going into dispensaries in Los Angeles and I had no idea what I was walking into. What was the Los Angeles dispensary experience like then?
I went to a place to get my card and asked where to buy Cannabis, and the lady said next door. So I went into an alley to meet a guy who had a gun, and he lets me into a tiny little room filled with furniture from garage sales and Bob Marley posters. I was buying for my sister but had to pretend it was for me, so I told them I can’t sleep and don’t want to smoke, and they gave me two cookies and said just eat a little bit and you’ll be totally fine. The first night she ate a little and was totally fine, but the next night she ate way too much and had an edible horror story. She was puking and I was watching her and the first thought that came to my mind was “woah,
she’s a stoner.” Then the next thought slapped me on head – I just stereotyped my own sister. I realized at that moment about stereotypes and how they affect our vision of weed. How did that experience lead you to take action?
I worked in a stock photo agency previously, so I went to Getty Images and typed in “pot, weed & MMJ.” The images that came up of people smoking had keywords which tag and track images, and they were words like addict, addition, illegal, convict, drug dealer. Especially for people of color. I looked at this and said that’s how they view my sister. From that moment it hit me, I needed to start my own stock agency and change this perception, and Stock Pot Images was created January 8th and launched April 20th of that year. How do you select images for Stock Pot Photography?
I have one big rule, inclusivity. This means no objectification of women, of others, and all people in images have to be real Cannabis users. That’s why our portraits are so powerful, you can see the authenticity. What kind of photos and people are found in your images?
We have veterans holding Cannabis and pills, little ladies growing, pregnant women using Cannabis, people of color, LGBTQ and more. There are vintage images from the 70s of people growing on Kona, drug busts, and even photos of old drug planes downed in the Bahamas.
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BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
StockPot Images | Continued from pg. 55 H. Lee
“IMAGES ARE ABLE TO CHANGE PEOPLE’S OPINIONS WITHOUT USING WORDS OR LANGUAGE.”
-Ophelia Chong, StockPot Images founder Do you feel the images have the power to make a change?
I feel that it is a very subconscious way of educating people. Images are able to change people’s opinions without using words or language. I can show a picture of two people hugging and kissing, to someone doesn’t speak my language, and they will understand that that’s love. How has StockPot Images grown since starting?
We launched on April 20, 2016, with about 3,000 images and 60 photographers, and that was working 24/7 to make it happen. Now at our third year, we have over 20,000 images and 200 contributing photographers. Has the business model been successful? Does it help the photographers?
The backend is all built on a business model that has already been proven. Basically, you put images out that you love, and hopefully find someone who needs them. It’s kind of like dating, when someone finally comes looking for you a photo gets licensed. I offer the highest photographer commissions in the industry, at 50 percent, because I respect the fact that photographers came out of the closet and want to show their work with their name on it. What is the benefit of using StockPot Images over another stock photo agency as a Cannabis company?
A lot of new startups want to create their own content, but after a while, you can’t because of cost or staffing. At the lowest end, it’s $15 per image or the largest at $375 for a poster-sized photo – you can’t pay a photographer $15 to go shoot a grow.
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How do you feel about women in the Cannabis industry?
My first objective was to not sexualize women and pust that kind of photography. No nugs between boobs king of thing. For women, this industry is like the internet in 1995. Everyone is running into it. And in the beginning, Brownie Mary (1977 Mary Jane Rathburn) began making brownies for her patients, this history created a space for women to create products that included edibles and topical products for healing. Today women are entering in all facets of the industry, from creators to financiers. What about minorities in Cannabis and the imbalance?
For minorities in Cannabis, about 2.4% are Asia/ Islanders, Latino’s about 4%, African Americans about 6%, and the rest is all white. There is also a real problem with Cannabis conventions too. When there are panels with diversity in the title, it is really condescending when there aren’t people of color on the panel. If they can see someone of color on a panel talking cultivation or financing or extraction, then you don’t need diversity panel anymore, that’s where you can make a difference, not looking at us by color but by skill. You were a part of helping PUSH Magazine start, an all women-run magazine. What started that, and how do you feel about Cannabis journalism and media in the industry today?
The reason why we called the magazine PUSH is that all of the women that started the magazine were pushed out of an unhealthy work environment. They were let go or walked out while working there because the misogyny was so bad – that is how it started. For media, Cannabis is basically
losing its outlaw stereotype as it becomes mainstream. For media to survive you have to think out of the box and what is it you can offer an audience others have not offered. Can you tell us about AACE?
Asian Americans for Cannabis Education is a group that shares stories from Asian Americans willing to talk about Cannabis, for it educates my own community and shares how it should not be stigmatized. Here in Orange County, we have a heavy Asian American population that is also the biggest anti-Cannabis group in the state. They are wealthy and educated but know nothing about Cannabis. What is the biggest lesson the Cannabis community needs to learn?
Same lessons we need to teach every girl, it’s about self-respect. In Cannabis, we also need to value each other, and even though we might have different opinions, we need to listen to everybody. A lot of people had to either go to jail or lose everything and rebuild to make this industry happen. We don’t even have a generation walking around yet that has not known legal weed. None of us in the last 100 years can remember buying Cannabis at a local pharmacy or store without fear. We’ve all grown up in an age of prohibition, and we are the first generations seeing it move towards legalization. StockPotImages.com | Ophelia@StockPotImages.com
BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
INSIDE THE OLCC THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE
OREGON LIQUOR CONTROL COMMISSION RECREATIONAL MARIJUANA PROGRAM OFFERS A DEEPER LOOK INTO THE AGENCY RESPONSIBLE FOR REGULATING OREGON’S LEGAL CANNABIS INDUSTRY AMID THE NATION'S EVOLVING LEGAL LANDSCAPE.
What are the main facets of successfully achieving a Cannabis license – other than paying the licensing fees?
The very first thing a licensee has to get is the Land Use Compatibility Statement or LUCs from a local zoning jurisdiction, whether that be a city or county. And that’s to ensure that whatever the business is, whether a processor or a retailer, that it’s compatible with the existing land use policy and zoning set by that community. The LUCs is one of the fundamental determinants a local community can apply towards whether or not a certain – or type – of business can be located in their community. Beyond that, licensing has been dependent on factors like the character of the applicant and if they have any criminal activity in their background – and, if it’s germane to their application. That has to do with character issues of the licensees’. We’ve found that people who are well prepared tend to sail through the process. They focus on [more than] just the license [application], but the operational plans, even if they don’t have deep pockets, but have still been thoughtful in terms of the impact and the implication of their operation and where it’s going to be located. Cannabis industry business/license holders often complain about the amount of time it takes for the OLCC to approve licenses. What would be your response?
A main criticism towards our agency (OLCC) is that it takes too long to process. Well, we acknowledge that we are under-resourced and understaffed, but a lot of folks would fare much better if they took the time to follow the directions on the application process. Having the proper documentation and asking a lot of questions and learning as much as possible upfront is important. I think what happens is there are some folks who
INTERVIEW by @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
just aren’t detail oriented a lot of times and people don’t pay attention to the details - which means there is more back-and-forth with their investigator, which adds more time delay. Some are skilled as Cannabis cultivators, but not so much with navigating the regulatory application process. We are continuing to add staff to the agency. Right now, we roughly have between 80 to 100 people working in the Cannabis division – and we plan on increasing personnel. We going to be working with medical growers and CTS tracking, and getting more responsibility around hemp as well. The last CTS training session was canceled and lots of businesses within the legal Cannabis system need additional Metrc training. Would the OLCC be interested in letting industry experts also help guide training sessions since they are dealing with CTS almost daily?
During the months of May and June, we will be having another road show. There will be two tracks: OLCC and Oregon Health Authority (OHA) for medical growers. During that time, we will, on our side, give an update on the Cannabis program and what’s new, talk about changes in our rules and also about any changes reflected in Metrc. We will be working with OHA to deliver a Cannabis tracking system (CTS) to OMMP growers. We are going out on the road again for trainings to delivery specific content, but potentially we could work with the industry by hosting a panel of OLCC licensees to come up and talk about their experiences and how they go about resolving Metrc issues. As of April 2018, there are currently 965 producers applying for licenses as posted on the OLCC website. According to Newsweek, Oregon is currently producing three-times what we consume, combined with an eightpercent drop in gram prices since 2017. Is the OLCC thinking of any solutions for the problem of over-production – whether it be license caps, canopy caps or potentially allowing Cannabis “bars” for social consumption?
RIGHT NOW WE HAVE 80-100 PEOPLE WORKING IN THE
CANNABIS DIVISION AND WE PLAN ON INCREASING PERSONNEL
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Well you’re right. The amount of production is a multifaceted issue and challenge. Our agency doesn’t have any statutory authority to put a cap on licenses. Where we do have some ability to regulate is canopy size. We haven’t moved forward on a firm proposal yet, but the impact isn’t solely on growers. There are a lot of retailers feeling the squeeze of the market – the fall of the price for Cannabis. As we go forward, one of the things we are focusing on is proactive compliance – as opposed to complaint-driven, or CTS data-driven compliance. Up until this point, it’s been a challenge to clearly distinguish the three sources of Cannabis: the OHA medical market, the OLCC regulated market and outright illegal market. One thing we consistently hear from licensees is that they would like to us doing more to crack down on medical and illegal diversion. Do you think regulating medical growers will provide more accountability and reduce alleged diversion?
I think it will make the medical growers more accountable. A lot of our compliance activity with regard to the Cannabis tracking system has been where we see anomalies and distinctions. We’re hiring three data analysts to help us have a better snapshot of the medical system, in terms of production. Additionally, we’ll add 13 to 14 inspectors out in the field looking at OMMP grow sites and interacting with grow site administrators. We will have a better understanding of what [production amount] should be there and it will be apparent whether or not a medical grow is diverting into the illegal market. So, those changes along with being able to better share information with law enforcement will help us determine our use of resources and focus. If we are able to eliminate the questions about sources on the medical side – that just leaves the outright illegal side of production to focus on.
WE WANT TO FOCUS ON PROACTIVE COMPLIANCE
Back to the question of regulating social consumption of Cannabis...
Social consumption is a legislative issue. Public consumption isn’t allowed in any form under Oregon existing laws in the consumer part of Cannabis. The challenge is, even if the legislature passes a social consumption bill or legislation around that subject, there remains a conflict with the federal government because the TTB (Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau) regulates alcohol and as long as there is a conflict with regard to Cannabis being a Schedule I drug, it makes social consumption a bridge difficult to cross. If our agency was not the state’s distributor of distilled spirits and regulator of other alcohol laws – it would still be rubbing up against federal policy against Cannabis. Because we are that agency, it’s problematic for us to be in the position of regulating public Cannabis consumption. As long as that federal conflict remains, allowing the public consumption of Cannabis in licensed premises where alcohol is served is not going to move forward. The Cole Memorandum was recently rescinding leaving legal Cannabis businesses at a higher risk. Given the current climate of the administration – can you provide any solace for businesses trying to exist and operate in the legal market?
Let’s start with the Cole Memo itself. It’s a good framework and provides good guardrails for regulating the adult-use Cannabis market — even though it was initially issued to put a framework around medical marijuana. It still has good points we continue to follow in the regulated market: keep it from being diverted into the illegal market, keep the product out of kids hands and keep organized crime away from Cannabis by removing the criminal element. I cannot speak for the federal government, but Oregon’s [US Attorney] has commented that enforcement will be focused on those acting illegally. Again, I can’t speak for Oregon’s Attorney General or the Governor’s office, but they made it pretty clear they would defend our regulated system. What has been the most common violation found by the OLCC?
There are a number of violations we have found in addition to minor decoy operations, of which there have been a fair number. But there are other issues with the transportation manifest – a licensee transferring a product to another licensee for which a privilege didn’t exist – saying a processor trying to send finished product back to a producer. Things that aren’t allowed in our rules. Sometimes there are folks with inconsistencies in their CTS reporting that were red flagged. Retail stores failing to report sales during regular business hours. Then there is complaint-driven actions that [cause] inspectors go out and follow-up. What about employee treatment? Complaints go to Bureau of Labor and Industries (BOLI) first, but what role does the OLCC have in these if a complaint potentially puts a Cannabis licensee or license in jeopardy? Many employees are fearful to go forward with accusations because they don’t want to ruin perceived opportunity or “rock the boat.”
Pettinger has been with the OLCC for three years as of this summer and comes from a TV broadcast background.
Well, if the complaint also revolves around a rule violation – then we are interested in looking into it because it plays into the character of the licensee. Most employee complaints are directed to BOLI. The good thing for anyone with a marijuana worker permit and employed in the industry [in Oregon] is that they have that resource (BOLI) available to them. BOLI will investigate claims against Cannabis employers – they will listen to you and they are not going to be dismissive because you’re from the Cannabis industry. In a lot of instances, I think folks working in the industry may not be aware of that resource. We have to sort out what could be a whistleblower complaint versus the complaints of a disgruntled employee. What employees should know is that under no circumstance should they feel they should be compelled to break the law because and an employer has instructed them to do so. In that case, it would move from beyond a BOLI incident and move to something that we would want to look into as a possible rule or criminal violation.
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BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
BREEDER MONTH OF THE
CLANCY ADAMS //ALPHAKRONIK GENES Clancy Adams is the meticulous brain behind Alphakronik Genes. Do strains like Galactic Glue or Tillamook Strawberry ring a bell? We have Clancy to thank for these special cultivars. He began Cannabis breeding in 2006 and went professional in 2008, when he officially entered the (then medical) market. Adams isn’t your traditional stoner and focuses heavily on the data and research behind the breeding. But before Adams became Alphakronik, he started growing Cannabis to help his wife. INTERVIEW by @SIMONEFISCHERR | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
“I got into Cannabis breeding because my wife Jennifer
would require different Adams, now Alphakronik Genes Operations Manag- equipment. This finding er, has Crohn’s disease and colitis. She was unrecep- offers deeper insight to tive to the medications her doctors were giving her, the differences chemiso her gastroenterologist recommended Cannabis to cal differences between treat her issues,” Adams explained. “It was very nov- strains and how it effects el at the time - and she was the first patient to get our bodies. a recommendation from a doctor at Providence. She “Right now, I am fowas in the hospital three to four times a year due to cused on studying thiols. operations or other issues. But once she started using Thiols are a secondary Cannabis regularly, the frequency of her hospital visits flavonoid, kind of like went way down.” terpenes. It’s a carbon Adams relationship with Cannabis is rooted in heal- chain, but instead of ing. As he began growing more varieties of clones, he having an oxygen atom started browsing breeding forums to figure out how to at the end, it has a sulcultivate strains to his own set of needs for patients. fur atom attached to the “We started growing different clones and I realized - end. Thiols make up just through using Cannabis myself - is that it’s subjec- all the smells of nature tive. As we began growing, we noticed that the 1988 that are garlic, skunk, Exodus Cheese Cut from the UK seemed to work sulfur, onion, feces and the best for my wife. But the problem was when she gasoline. So, all the trimmed or just touched the plant, she would break out ‘loud’ smells that people really like are actually thiin hives. I looked into what I could ols,” Adams explains. “But, none do to potentially get that trait takof the current analytical test labs HISTORICALLY BREEDERS RELIED ON en out of it. So we took the Exodus for Cannabis have the sulfur sniffer INTUITION AND TRIALS, BUT CLANCY Cheese and bred it with our males to test these thiols. Now I’m trying COLLECTS EXTENSIVE DATA ON HIS EACH and created the Cheddarhead and to work with local labs to see if any Cheddarwurst strains. That was the BREEDING PROJECT. ADAMS TESTS SMALL of them study thiols, because it is progeny, or hybrids, we made with expensive.” BATCHES OF SEEDS BECAUSE WITHOUT the Exodus and we weren’t dealing Historically breeders relied on DATA COLLECTION ON EVERY PHENO, with the hive issue anymore.” intuition and trials, but Clancy colFast-forward to present day legal lects extensive data on his each WHAT IS THE POINT? Oregon and Adams has successfulbreeding project. Adams tests ly taken Alphakronik Genes into the regulated market, small batches of seeds because without data collection going beyond terpenes to actually focusing on study- on every pheno, what is the point? His constant curiing thiols within Cannabis. osity keeps him on the forefront of Cannabis genetics. Thiols are compounds similar to terpenes, but they “I have a new and old favorites. My old favorite was are the sulfur-based. The odors that are associated our Snowdawg line. My new favorite is ‘Puppy Monkey with thiols are sulfurous, cheesy, musty or garlicy. The Baby,’ which is Snowdawg crossed with GG4. It has main difference between thiols and terpenes is that the sweetness of Skittles upfront and finishes with fuel.” terpenes are polar compounds and thiols are not. On top of releasing new strains, Adam’s is currently For labs to test for thiols, in addition to terpenes, this working with a group of breeders to work on an agri-
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cultural equity bill to get Cannabis seeds designated as an agricultural product. This would allow breeders to sell their seeds outside of dispensaries and widen their market. “Adults are only allowed to buy one pack of Cannabis seeds per day, and that regulation really put a squeeze on the seed breeders. They consider each seed to be an individual plant. We want to get seeds in grow shops where the growers are, not just the smokers in dispensaries,” he said. “As long as the product doesn’t contain cannabinoids, you can sell it on the market. The argument for the bill is that there is zero risk with seeds because there are no cannabinoids present. We want Cannabis seeds to be treated equally to all other seeds that are unregulated. We are trying to do it for the 2019 legislative session, so we will be securing funding and getting organized all summer.”
Alphakronic Genes Seeds
BEHIND THE SCENES ISSUE
LUMINOUS BOTANICALS has
been on the Oregon scene since the beginning of legalization here. The companyâ€™s easily dosed universal Cannabis Tonic can be used for a myriad of purposes and has become popular with consumers because of its potency and ease of use. Co-owner Devan Anthony is attentive and soft-spoken, and incredibly science-minded, but at the same time, he can relay complicated concepts to a layperson easily. Devan also happens to be one of our favorite people in Oregon to talk about the rapidly changing Cannabis industry.
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STONER OWNER DEVAN ANTHONY
INTERVIEW by PACER STACKTRAIN | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
Luminous Botanicals I KNOW YOU WENT TO CARNEGIE MELLON...WHAT’S YOUR BACKGROUND OUTSIDE OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY? I made sculpture for most of my 20s and worked side jobs as a carpenter to pay the bills. Eventually, I started my own business as a residential contractor. My interest in sustainable building and energy efficiency led me to take a position as a construction manager with a green building company. That’s where I met Luminous Botanicals co-founder, Sally Alworth. A thread that weaves through my adult life is my relationship with powerful plant medicines. My first psychedelic experience at 19 proved to be pivotal. I connected with a personal understanding of spirituality for the first time. I saw how desperate our world is for the connection, insight and healing that the teaching plants offer. I understood the cost of prohibition, not only to the many people unjustly swept into incarceration, but also the societal forgetting of the interdependence of all living things and the consequential threat to our survival as a species. I’m proud to be working to destigmatize and legitimize the responsible use of plant medicines. @LuminousBotanicals
WHAT WAS YOUR FIRST EXPERIENCE WITH CANNABIS?
Before legalization, I was very careful about whom I told about my Cannabis consumption. My immediate family and friends knew, but I was cautious to speak openly, knowing of the prejudice that exists against Cannabis consumers and how that prejudice might have affected my career. Now, I am out of the Cannabis closet. It feels great, to be honest with the world and to share the possibility of having a healthy relationship with Cannabis that doesn’t need to be a lifestyle or carry a dress code.
evening, I’d sleep soundly and wake up feeling great, not needing to dose again until the evening. But if I took just a little too much I would lay awake, all night long. This was the beginning of recognizing that there was a place on the medical market for an easy-to-dose tincture that is standardized in potency and accurately tested for consistent, predictable relief. At the time, there wasn’t a product that met that need. Our Universal Cannabis Tonic is a direct oil infusion of Cannabis, which is unique on the Oregon market. Our product is potent, versatile and highly bioavailable. We purify our oils using a multi-stage filtration process resulting in a sparkling, golden-colored oil with a mild taste. We use only sun-grown, Clean Green Certified Cannabis from small, family-owned farms. Our base oil blend is organic and Fair Trade Certified. Our product is gluten-free, vegan, and sugar-free. We were the first tincture on the Oregon market to standardize potency. We produce oils within 3 percent of our intended target potency, which is the standard for pharmaceuticals. This is challenging and expensive and can only be accomplished by working with a lab that is exceptionally consistent in their operating procedures, exceeding the requirements for ORELAP certification.
WHAT MADE YOU WANT TO DEVELOP LUMINOUS BOTANICALS BLENDS?
ANY NEW PRODUCTS COMING?
I am a child of hippy parents. Cannabis was always around, for as long as I remember, but I didn’t have any interest in it until I went to college. The first time I smoked was on an ocean beach at night with two friends. I was entranced by the crashing waves, the sound of the surf rolling into the sand. I remember finding the entire situation funny - we smoked a plant that made time stop, and it felt so familiar. We laughed and laughed, unable to articulate what was so funny.
HOW HAS YOUR RELATIONSHIP WITH CANNABIS CHANGED?
In the summer of 2013, I re-injured an old back injury. It ached constantly, and I was having trouble sleeping. The doctor said that the discs around my fractured vertebrae were damaged and that it could take up to two years to heal. I declined the prescription for painkillers and got my medical Cannabis card. I found a high CBD ethanol extract that gave me my quality of life back, but it was so concentrated that I had trouble dosing it consistently. If I took the right amount in the
We just released DEW, our sensually focused product, made with all organic, food-grade ingredients. DEW comes in a 10ml airless pump bottle for convenience and is available in two blends - High THC for enhanced feeling and Balanced THC/CBD for reduced discomfort. Our Universal Cannabis Tonic line, which is available in three blends, can be used for precise oral dosing, applied topically for localized relief, or used as a sensual enhancer.
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FIND YOUR FEEL GOOD MOMENT 100% Natural Cannabis No Additives, No Fillers, No Flavorings AVITASGROWN.COM/ORLEAF Marijuana products may be purchased or possessed only by persons 21 years of age or older. This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the inďŹ‚uence of this drug. There may be health risks associated with consumption of this product. For use only by adults twenty-one and older. Keep out of the reach of children.
By LAURIE WOLF | PHOTO by BRUCE WOLF
Cannabis must undergo the process of decarboxylation in order to properly feel its effects. Bake the dried, ground flower on a cookie sheet in a single layer for 40 minutes at 240 degrees.
MAKING CANNABUTTER 1. In a medium saucepan
bring water to a boil. You can vary the amounts, just be sure that the Cannabis is always floating 2 inches from the bottom of the pan.
5. Strain the Cannabis 4. Set up a bowl to hold the finished product. There are a 3. After the butter has melted
2. Add the butter.
add the Cannabis. Once the Cannabis is added, the heat should be turned down, very low, to barely a simmer. Cook for three hours.
couple of ways to strain the mixture. Use a deep heatproof glass bowl with a fine mesh strainer lined with cheesecloth. You can also tie a double layer of cheesecloth around a large heatproof bowl with twine, making it taut across the top.
butter over the bowl, carefully trying not to spill. When the saucepan is empty carefully undo the twine, pick up the cheesecloth from all four sides and squeeze out all of the remaining butter.
7. Run a knife around the
Ingredients 4 sticks butter, see chef ’s notes* 1 ounce shake, finely ground, decarboxylated
* This recipe uses four sticks of butter to every ounce of Cannabis, so if you’re using a half ounce of weed that’s about two sticks of butter.
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6. Allow the cannabutter to cool at room temperature for about an hour. Place in the fridge until the butter has solidified and separated from the water. The THC and other properties have attached to the butter, and you are just about there.
edge and lift the butter off the water. Place upside down on your work surface and scrape off any of the plant matter and milk solids. Your cannabutter is ready to use. Store in the refrigerator or freezer in an airtight container.
Laurie Wolf has been a regular contributor to Northwest Leaf since 2015. Named the “Martha Stewart of Marijuana Edibles” by The New Yorker, Laurie has published four Cannabis cookbooks, contributes to six Cannabis publications and runs Laurie + MaryJane, an award-winning edible company based in Portland, Oregon.
STRAWBERRY CANNACROSTATA Ingredients
Serves 4-6 • Flour for dusting • 1 pie crust, store-bought or made from scratch, rolled to 10-12 inches in diameter • 4-6 teaspoons canna-butter or canna-coconut oil, melted • 2 cups strawberries, trimmed and thinly sliced • ¼ cup sugar • 2 tablespoons cornstarch • 1 teaspoon grated orange peel • 1 teaspoon vanilla • Pinch salt • 2 tablespoons sugar
1.Heat oven to 340F. Lay a piece of parchment on a baking sheet with sides. Dust with flour. Place the crust on the parchment. Brush the crust with the infused butter or oil.
In a medium bowl, combine the berries, sugar, cornstarch, orange peel, vanilla and salt. Gently toss.
Place the berry mixture on the crust, leaving a 2-3 inch border. Turn the sides of the pastry up partially covering the berries. Sprinkle the crust with sugar.
4.Bake until the juice is bubbling and
the crust is golden brown, about 35-40 minutes. Allow the crostata to rest for 15 minutes before slicing. Ice cream on top? Sure.
Ingredients Serves 2 • 3 tablespoons butter, divided • 2 teaspoons canna-butter • ½ pound asparagus • Salt • Coarse black pepper • 2 large eggs, room temperature
1.In a medium saucepan, heat 2 tablespoons butter along with the canna-butter over medium heat.
Add the asparagus to the pan and cook for 4-5 minutes, gently stirring or shaking the pan.
Salt and pepper the asparagus. Divide between the two plates.
Add remaining tablespoon of butter to the pan. When hot, add the two eggs, breaking them on a flat surface before gently lowering them into the pan.
Cook the eggs to your desired degree of doneness. Spoon the butter on the top of the eggs to add flavor and further cooking.
ASPARAGUS WITH FRIED EGG
6. Using a spatula place an egg on each of the
asparagus piles. Sprinkle with salt and pepper and fresh dill.
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Gold Beach, Oregon www.RogueCoastGrowers.com (541) 247-0854
Jack Herer Cherry Cookie Super Skunk Killer Kush More!
Incredibly decadent — a treat yo’ self item for any day of the week. Kind 25MG THC Titan’s has taken the cookie you PER COOKIE
know and love and made it even more decadent, creating a line of sandwich cookies that blow average edibles out of the water. One of the sandwich cookies is what you’d call a classic: two chocolate chip cookies with the added bonus of peanut butter in the middle. The other is a surprise contender: a sandwich cookie filled with coconut buttercream. These are the cookies you want. Soft, tender and blissfully free of a weed taste, they’re a dangerously close imitation of a home-baked cookie. The addition of a whipped filling in the center makes them incredibly decadent, creating a new class of edible that’s just ever so slightly refined, a treat yo’ self item for any day of the week. The cookie is a hybrid of regular cookie dough and a sugar cookie, equally flaky and soft. The whipped coconut cream filling in the center enhances the entire experience, whisking you away to an island at first bite and enticing you to eat both of the 25mg cookies that come in each package. The high that came on was buzzy, lightly washing over us with a great body high that immediately put as at ease. It wasn’t very long before the potent 25mg hit home, sending us to comfy leather couches where we could rest our eyes, smile and debate about eating another one.
Two cookies per pack
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TITAN’S KIND SANDWICH COOKIES
REVIEW by JANELLE LASSALLE @JENKHARI PHOTOS by DANIEL BERMAN @BERMANPHOTOS
TIER 1 PRODUCER NOW SERVING OREGON CRAFT CANNABIS PROVIDER ORGANABISFARMS@GMAIL.COM WWW.ORGANABISFARMS.COM EMAIL FOR AVAILABILITY
REVIEW by NATE WILLIAMS @NATEW415 | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS
SUNSET SHERBET PULL & SNAP BHO
A FULL-FLAVORED AND DISTINCTLY SHERBET PROFILE: SWEET, EARTHY AND SKUNKY WITH A TOUCH OF GAS.
PROCESSED BY DAB FACTORY Rogue River Family Farms
Sunset Sherbet is a joint effort between Hillsboro-based Dab Factory and Southern Oregon’s Rogue River Family Farms and is, unquestionably, a winning collaboration.
Rogue River Family Farms is a full-season outdoor Cannabis farm nestled in the gorgeous Rogue River Valley. RRFF holds a Certified Kind designation and grows full-season, mountain watershed irrigated, sun-grown Cannabis. Dab Factory has masterfully extracted some of their 2017 season Sunset Sherbet and the resulting oil is a beautiful color, a perfect pull-and-snap consistency, highly potent, flavorful, smooth and clean. While you’re met with more or less bland packaging, it’s a surprise when the oil inside is more than you expect. The bright gold oil comes in a full gram and is packaged neatly in FEP and encased in a standard clear mylar heat-seal bag. I dabbed the oil off of a freshly cleaned rig with a quartz nail at low temperature. The resulting vapor offered a fullflavored and distinctly Sherbet profile: sweet, earthy, and skunky with a touch of gas. The vapor had minimal lung expansion and within a few short moments I felt my entire body relax and my eyes get heavy. For an extremely regular user Dab Factory with a high tolerance, I was immediately DabFactoryOregon.com impressed by the strong effects of the oil. With a CBD content over 4 percent and @DabFactory_Oregon Sunset Sherbet’s tenacity for powerfully sedative effects, this oil has a numbing body effect and would make a great choice for pain relief, after work relaxation, or to combat overactive nerves or muscle spasms. This is our first encounter with Dab Factory’s products and it leaves us excited to try more. The Sunset Sherbet pull-and-snap is generously priced for the quality at about $30 per gram. Find it in Portland at Kaleafa Cannabis Co and Paradise Found, on the westside at Phresh Cannabis and Westside Wellness, and in Salem at Nectar and Homegrown Oregon.
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68.69% THC 4.05% CBD
f lavo r a r o ma lo o ks va lu e ef f ec t va po r pkg i n g t o ta l 27/35
Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of reach of children.
Ready, Set, PHO Rolly PHOlly Phantom Farms Tangie PHO x Cascade Lemonade Flower Hey Retailers, now find us on:
We are crafters of the new global cannabis culture
By STEVE ELLIOTT Editor, Tokesignals.com
ore and more people are choosing vegetarian (no meat) and vegan (no animal products) lifestyles. But
people who choose plantbased diets don’t have to be left out of the party when it comes to Cannabisinfused dishes. Authors Sarah Conrique and Graham Haynes, with this volume, offer a definitive beginner’s guide to stoner-friendly Cannabis cooking. Just to be clear, the book contains recipes that are simple, convenient, and tasty for stoners, not weedinfused recipes. Cooking vegan doesn’t have to be hard. And eating vegan doesn’t mean giving up meals that taste wonderful. This entertaining take on veganism shows that even beginners and slackers can put together tasty, satisfying meals with just a few simple ingredients and minimal time and effort. “The Vegan Stoner Cookbook” comes complete with recipes for breakfast, lunch, dinner and munchies. The recipes are designed to make vegan cooking fun, feasible and quick. “There will be moments when you will be in doubt,” the authors advise. “Trust yourself, dig in with your fingers, and grab what feels right. Pay attention to consistency, texture, smell, and most importantly, your taste buds. In time you will rely less on exact measurements and more on instinct.” It’s enjoyable to browse through the recipes for such treats as Mean Green Smoothies, Asapra-Guy Sushi, Bahnwiches, Animal Cookies, Churro Chips, and many others. While the recipes themselves are great, I would be remiss as a reviewer if I didn’t mention the delightful drawings. They add immeasurably to the quaint appeal of the book; more than once, I’ve paged through the cookbook just to enjoy the artwork. By the same token (or is that tokin’?), I often find myself pulled in by a recipe for, say, vegan Biscuits & Gravy, Fried Tofu Tacos, Chili Cheese Fries, or Apple Rice Pudding. Yum!
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118 pages | by Sarah Conrique and Graham I. Haynes | Ten Speed Press | 2013 | $16.99 hardcover
“TRUST YOURSELF, DIG IN WITH YOUR FINGERS, AND GRAB WHAT FEELS RIGHT. PAY ATTENTION TO CONSISTENCY, TEXTURE, SMELL, AND MOST IMPORTANTLY, YOUR TASTE BUDS. IN TIME YOU WILL RELY LESS ON EXACT MEASUREMENTS AND MORE ON INSTINCT.”
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REVIEW by @NATEW415 | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS
SPECIAL K YELLOW& ORANGE OVER WHITE CHARITY SET SPECIAL K GLASS IS A SOFT GLASS PRODUCTION SPECIALIST BASED IN EUGENE, OREGON. Founded in 1998, Special Kâ€™s focus is teamwork and efficiency and their production process can involve as many as seven individuals. This unique set created for Oregon Leaf features white glass that showcases the beautiful orange and yellow coloring they were able to use. Presenting Partner
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O PT IM IZ E
Our first-ever Behind the Scenes Issue! This special feature shines a light on the companies and professionals helping drive Oregon's Cannab...