Page 1

OREGON LEAF WISHING YOU A BLESSED & BLAZED NEW YEAR!

nwleaf.com

FREE

JAN. 2018

FREE

THE STRAINS & G E N E T I C S I S SU E FEATURES | PROFILES STRAIN GUIDE | 36-51

inside around the nation News 12-15 2018 Cannabis predictions Opinion 16 treating lyme disease with cannabis Profile 24

ISSUE 43 42

lifted northwest se portland Review 32 wake and bake for breakfast Recipes 54-55 edibles, oils and new books Reviews 56-68

Millerville Farms’ Matt Miller is known for creating Jager


IN

PORTLAND

s r e n n i W 7 1 0 2 s t a oC ngr Highest Thc

D Cure by Foundation Holistic

Best Extract Best Hybrid

BesT Indica

Best Sativa

1st Place: Blackberry Cream Rosin by Glass House Grown

1st Place: Fresh Squeezed OG by Bula Farms

1st Place: Blue Magoo by Happy Cabbage Farms

1st Place: Black Widow by Trichome Farms

2nd Place: Larry OG Live Resin by Dab Society

2nd Place: Golden Pineapple by Eco Firma Farms

2nd Place: Hazey Girl by Eco Firma Farms

2nd Place: TJ’s Durban Poison by TJ’s Gardens

3rd Place:

3rd Place: Bettie Page by Oregon Roots

3rd Place: Mindful Kush by Mindful Canna

3rd Place: Chernobyl (Slymer Cut) by Kings Cannabis

Strawberry Cookies Live Resin

by Dab Society GoCannabisClassic.com

253-777-1543


JANUARY 24  25TH, 2018 AT THE PORTLAND EXPO CENTER

4.0 4TH ANNUAL CANNABIS COLLABORATIVE CONFERENCE Meet with Exhibitors Face-to-Face and Browse Products On Display "CREATED FOR THE INDUSTRY...BY THE INDUSTRY" The Cannabis Collaborative Conference is your #1 resource in all things Cannabis. We use our resources to bring the industries top professionals together and make the connections needed to expand forward in the cannabis business world. Head online now to register for this year's CCC 4.0 and connect with 2,500+ of the industries best today!

LEARN TO GROW YOUR PROFITS IN THE UPCOMING YEAR We have some great attractions to highlight at the conference this year starting with the introduction of topics like surviving a tax audit, choosing a lab, economics and the state of the industry, plus more!

•Energy Pavilion: Interact with the region’s leading experts on energy-efficient cultivation that saves you money, ensures product quality and preserves your yield. •OLCC Seed-to-Sale Training •Canna Help You Lounge •30 Educational Sessions with up-to-date & relevant information • Investor Forum & Investor speed-dating lounge • Cannabis Connex: Connecting buyers and sellers of retail stores, properties, flower, oil, hemp, & other industry related business • Keynotes Featuring OLCC, Banking Panel, Entrepreneur Panel, and Congressman Blumenauer

FOR EXHIBITOR & SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES EMAIL SALES@CCCCON.COM

REGISTER NOW AT CCCCON.COM


OREGON LEAF

VISIT NWLEAF.COM |

FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

|

FOLLOW US @NWLEAF

contents

FOLLOW US @OREGONLEAF

| EMAIL NWLEAF@GMAIL.COM

JANUARY 2018

MAC lAwS Archive Portland

20 BUDTENDER Tyson Humble of Five Zero Trees West

JULIO DILAN

24

How Cannabis helps with Lyme disease

EDIBLE REVIEW

56

Magic Number’s delicious ginger beer line

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE Features | Profiles | Strain Guide | 36-51 Reviews by Oregon Leaf staf f | Photos by Daniel Berman

36

11 12 14 16 20 24 28 32 36 54 56 60 64 68 70

EDITOR’S NOTE NATIONAL NEWS NATIONAL NEWS 2018 PREDICTIONS BUDTENDER PROFILE PATIENT PROFILE HIGHLY LIKELY ACCESS REVIEW THE STRAIN & GENETICS ISSUE RECIPES EDIBLES CONCENTRATES GLASS ART BOOK REVIEW BEHIND THE STRAIN

ON THE COVER Cannabis Breeder Matt Miller’s seeds Photo by Daniel Berman BACK ISSUES/WASH.//ALASKA

WWW.ISSUU.COM/NWLEAF


contents

TASTY RECIPES

Wake & Bake for Breakfast

By Laurie Wolf | Photos by Bruce Wolf

54


OREGON LEAF

the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.

editor’s note

JAN. 2018 ISSUE #43

We want to hear from you

Thanks for picking up this very special issue...

FOUNDER & EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Genetics is the basis for every dank puff or toke we’ve all ever taken,

Please get in touch to place an ad or become a drop-off location to display our magazine. Feel free to share feedback, pitches, story ideas and hot news tips. This is all our plant!

Wes abneY | wes@orleaf.com | 425-219-6155

CREATIVE DIRECTOR Daniel bermaN | photography & design daniel@bermanphotos.com

ADVERTISING NATE WILLIAMS | OREGON SALES DIRECTOR nate@orleaf.com | 415-717-6985

CONTRIBUTORS Steve Elliott National News Will Ferguson Reviews Simone Fischer Features Matthew Meyers Opinion Sean O’Neill Illustration Dr. Scanderson Growtech Eric Skelton Design Pacer Stacktrain Features Nate Williams Production Laurie & Bruce Wolf Recipes Annika Wolters Editing

Please email or call us to discuss print and online advertising opportunities in an upcoming issue. We do not sell stories or coverage. We are happy to offer design services with Kush Creative Group and can provide guidance on the best approaches for promoting any medical, recreational, commercial or industrial product and pursuit. We are targeted.

FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF @OREGONLEAF #OREGONLEAF FREE DIGITAL ARCHIVES: ISSUU.COM/NWLEAF VISIT WWW.N W L EAF.COM

Department of Corrections

No news is good news, but if you feel we have made a factual error, please reach out and we will do our best to address it in the next issue of the magazine. Thank you!

and it is exciting for us to take a look inside the world that defines the strains we smoke. I personally have the utmost respect for the people who’ve taken the risk to breed and develop strains over the last 40 to 50 years, when breeding and growing was highly illegal and risky. Nothing compares to the passion required to breed Cannabis in the black market, and because of the risks growers took, we now have strains such as OG Kush, DJ Short Blueberry and more. We owe the breeders who’ve built this industry a thanks, and this is our tip of the hat to those putting in real work. Our issue takes a look inside the House of Cultivar tissue culture lab, where plants are being grown from a cellular level in a lab. Tissue culturing of Cannabis is going to revolutionize how companies grow and store Cannabis in the future, and we are proud to share the new technology with the industry. Plus, House of Cultivar produces some serious fire, and I definitely recommend checking out the product when in Washington. This month I also sat down with the infamous James Bean, the founder of Seeds Here Now, whose genetic preservation kits have helped spread strains across all 50 states. Learn how he earned his name, what inspired him to start a seed bank before it was the cool thing to do and hear his opinion on “pollen chuckers,” hype strains and more. We also compiled a great set of lists this year with all the strains that you should grow, kill off, throw outdoors and more. Check out new breeder profiles, a great budtender and patient story and hot reviews all wrapped up into this sweet edition of the Leaf as well. I hope that the New Year blesses you with plenty of ganja and good company, and that you get the chance to try out one of our genetic recommendations!

Our issue takes a look inside the House of Cultivar tissue culture lab, where plants are being grown from a cellular level.

—Wes Abney jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/11


national

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.

‘First Marijuana Overdose Death’ Debunked In November, the world’s “first marijuana overdose” supposedly took place. Sensationalistic media stories and public panic notwithstanding, it seems that a couple of poison control doctors had their quotes taken out of context. When media outlets started reporting on the “first marijuana overdose” of an 11-month-old as if it had actually taken place, lots of folks didn’t know any better than to believe them. The infant in question died in 2015 after he was admitted to a hospital in Colorado. He was unresponsive, with no gag reflex, following a seizure. The baby had been “irritable” and “lethargic” in the days before and, after the seizure, eventually went into a cardiac arrest. After a predictable controversy arose—after all, Cannabis would have waited at least 12,000 years to kill someone—the doctors involved stepped up to clarify that they never said a child overdosed on marijuana. Both doctors who worked on the case report, Thomas M. Nappe, DO, and Christopher O. Hoyte, MD, work at the Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center in Denver. According to the first two lines of their “WE ARE ABSOLUTELY report, “since marijuana legalization, NOT SAYING THAT pediatric exposures to Cannabis have MARIJUANA KILLED THAT CHILD,” SAYS DR. increased. To date, pediatric deaths NAPPE, DIRECTOR OF from Cannabis exposure have not been MEDICAL TOXICOLOGY reported.” Now, to a careful reader, you’d think that would be enough to establish that kids have never died from weed. But a little bit of ambiguous language a little later in the report is what created the confusion, “as of this writing, this is the first pediatric death associated with Cannabis exposure.” All the breathless, downright misleading headlines associated with that story appear to have had their genesis in that unfortunate line. But the key word is “associated.” To a medical doctor, that doesn’t mean “caused.” It just means that when the child died, due to myocarditis, not because of Cannabis, there was marijuana in his system. There’s no evidence that one had anything at all to do with the other, or, beyond that, that an “overdose” ever occurred. “The only thing that we found was marijuana. High concentrations of marijuana in his blood. And that’s the only thing we found out of the ordinary,” Dr. Hoyte said. The official cause of death was declared to be due to heart muscle damage. “We are absolutely not saying that marijuana killed that child,” Dr. Nappe, director of medical toxicology at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania’s St. Luke’s University Health Network, told The Washington Post. Due to the confusing choice of words in the report, people and journalists took things way out of context.

12/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


Quoted “THERE’S A POTENTIAL FOR SOME CURRENT BEVERAGE ALCOHOL CONSUMERS TO MIGRATE AWAY FROM THAT CATEGORY AND TOWARD MARIJUANA WHEN IT BECOMES LEGAL.”

Teen Marijuana Use Now Lower Than Before Legalization in Washington and Colorado The federal government in December published survey data showing the rate of current marijuana use among Colorado and Washington teens decreased significantly last year and is now lower than it was prior to both states’ legalization of Cannabis for adult use. The rate of past-month marijuana use by Colorado individuals ages 12-17 dropped nearly 20 percent, from 11 percent in 2014-2015 to 9 percent in 2015-2016, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) performed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). It is now lower than it was in 2011-2012 (10.47 percent) and 2012-2013 (11.16 percent). Cannabis became legal for adults 21 and older in Colorado in December 2012, and legal adult marijuana sales began in January 2014. The rate of past-month marijuana use among 12- to 17-year-olds also dropped in Washington, from 9.17 percent in 2014-2015 to 7.93 percent in 2015-2016, and it is now lower than it was

prior to legalization in 2012, which was 9.45 percent in 2011-2012 and 9.81 percent in 20122013. “Colorado is effectively regulating marijuana for adult use,” Brian Vicente said, one of the lead drafters of Amendment 64, co-director of the Campaign to Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol and a partner at Vicente Sederberg LLC. “Teen use appears to be dropping now that state and local authorities are overseeing the production and sale of marijuana.” There are serious penalties for selling to minors, and regulated Cannabis businesses are being vigilant in checking IDs. The days of arresting thousands of adults in order to prevent teens from using marijuana are over. “These survey results should come as welcome news to anyone who worried teen marijuana use would increase following legalization,” Sederberg said. “As a proponent of Amendment 64 and a parent of two young children, they certainly came as welcome news to me.”

— UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT STUDY, which found retail sales of beer and wine dropped 13 percent in states that legalized medical marijuana within two years.

Quick Hits! 3.8 20 80

Million joints worth of seized marijuana were burned by German officials at a waste incineration plant, so it could be turned into power.

Out of 20 central Oregon Cannabis dispensaries passed a recent sting operation by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission, refusing to sell marijuana to minors.

Million Dollars worth of marijuana plants were seized in late November from 50 locations in the bust of an illegal marijuana growing operation in Grays Harbor County, Washington.

JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/13


national

STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion.

‘‘

Quoted

“WE ARE VERY HAPPY BECAUSE THIS WILL ALLOW FOR THE IMPORT OF SEEDS FOR OIL PRODUCTION.” — ROBERT CABANAS, vice president of Paraguay’s medical Cannabis organization, on Paraguay’s senate passing a bill to create a state-run system to produce and import Cannabis products.

Legal MARIJUANA Right Around the Corner in Ireland Ireland will prospectively start the process of legalizing recreational Cannabis within four years, according to a prominent politician. A politician with Solidarity—People Before Profit in Dublin, Gino Kenny, said the debate “needs to happen.” Kenny said he is focused on ensuring that his Cannabis for Medicinal Use Regulation Bill wins passage. “The debate for legalizing recreational Cannabis is different from the one for medicinal Cannabis, even though the two usually get conflated,” Kenny said. “But I think it’s another debate that needs to happen in Ireland, and I think it’ll happen eventually.” Kenny called on the Irish government to stop causing problems for patients who want to access Cannabis as a vital medical treatment. Kenny has been supportive of 7-year-old Ava Barry since meeting her in May 2016 and expressed relief that she will now POLITICIAN GINO KENNY CALLED be allowed to use medical Cannabis. Barry uses the ON THE IRISH herb to alleviate symptoms of Dravet syndrome, a GOVERNMENT TO severe form of epilepsy. Dravet Syndrome is a rare STOP CAUSING PROBLEMS FOR genetic brain condition that caused Barry to have PATIENTS WHO up to 20 seizures a day. Barry’s family felt like they WANT TO ACCESS had no choice but to move to the Netherlands to CANNABIS AS A VITAL MEDICAL access treatment from a neurologist. In December, TREATMENT. Health Minister Simon Harris announced that he would grant her family a license to use medical marijuana. Ireland’s medical marijuana is incredibly hard to access, requiring the referral of a doctor and approval directly from the Minister of Health. Barry is only the third patient to receive approval. “It’s obviously great news for the family to see their exile is finally coming to an end,” Kenny told Dublin Live. He believes medical marijuana should be treated no differently than any other medication and that those suffering from illnesses shouldn’t be made to feel as if they exist on the fringes. The extent that Barry’s family had to go shows the flaws in Ireland’s marijuana laws and ignites widespread support for debate.

14/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


Wisconsin’s Governor Wants to Kick Pot Smokers Off Welfare Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker believes poor people who receive public assistance should have to undergo drug testing. Walker in December made a plan to require drug testing for some recipients of Wisconsin’s food stamps, formally referred to as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), according to The Atlantic. The plan would make Wisconsin the first state to drug test for food stamps. Other states that tried the move were blocked by the feds. That comes on top of another plan to test Medicaid enrollees in Wisconsin. Oh, and don’t forget that law already on the books requiring drug testing for non-custodial parents getting funds Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. If Gov. Walker’s proposals pass federal scrutiny, all three of the major welfare programs in Wisconsin will drug-test recipients. The proposed change to SNAP would affect those who take part in its Employment and Training Program (ETP). Healthy, childless adults already have to meet work requirements to qualify for food stamps through ETP. Under Gov. Walker’s proposed new rules, those who test positive would be required to undergo drug treatment, or lose their benefits. The state would pay for “drug rehab” for pot smokers who couldn’t afford it themselves.

JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/15


opinion

By MATTHEW MEYERS

OREGON RECREATIONAL CANNABIS WHAT’S IN STORE FOR 2018?

A

s 2017 comes to an end, we get the chance to look back at the first year of fully recreational Cannabis in Oregon. It’s been one hell of a year with a lot of learning for all parties involved! This year also marked the first year to permit a complete season of outdoor cultivation; this in turn led to concerns about a surplus of Cannabis in the market. You’ve probably seen numbers like 1 million pounds grown, circulating around social media, with demand from dispensaries only totaling closer to 400,000 pounds. Since those numbers were published, the supply side pushed closer to 1.5 million pounds. It’s hard to get solid data because the numbers are constantly shifting, but it’s clear that supply outweighs demand. Only time will tell if this surplus is a natural phenomenon, occurring every time the outdoor harvest comes in, or if this represents a trend of general surplus which will bring in a long-term price decrease. The latter happened to legal markets in Colorado and Washington. Recently a large uptick in the number of licensed producers in Oregon has led to speculation that supply would increase significantly; as of publishing of October data, there is little evidence to suggest that a surplus of supply has yet disrupted the market, according to Casey at BDS Analytical. From September to October, sales declined 7 percent and average retail prices declined 3 percent, but similar dynamics tend to be the norm in the fall around harvest season. From the time a producer license is issued to when flower is harvested, processed, and delivered to retail could be at minimum four to six months for product coming from indoor grows, and a whole year from outdoor. We will have to wait and see the full impact

16/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

that increased supply will have on Oregon’s market, shipments between state tracking systems, aside but if Colorado or Washington are any indication, from politics and deep-seeded propaganda against prices in Oregon have a long way to fall, and in the plant and all the money and power that those doing so, the market will grow significantly.” two combined generate. As a community we need to progress our proThe key for producers in my mind is to focus on duction strategy for this new recreational system. quality over quantity; premium products are less In a limited buyer market, it’s not about growsusceptible to fluctuations of surplus and price. ing as many pounds as possible now. It appears A great example is the craft brewing industry in that there is a chance growers created too large Oregon. They shifted the paradigm toward qualof a production surplus for dispensaries to hanity and took the time to help educate consumers dle. Hopefully our regulations progress about premium products. Even though with a perspective that cultivates small I HOPE TO SEE STRONG the regulatory framework and product business competition and doesn’t unour industry could learn a LEGISLATION THAT islotdifferent, fairly favor the largest players in the from this example. market. If there was a license cap then SUPPORTS PERMITTING It’s imperative that we create a legal CANNABIS EVENTS avenue for consumption lounges and we could be worried about a supply shortage or about how certain farms AND LOUNGES IN THE Cannabis events. There is no better didn’t get licensed. With the path that way to educate patients and consum2018 SESSION. Oregon took it’s the market that gets ers about your product than to share it to decide and luckily we are all a part of that mardirectly with consumers at an event. I hope to see ket as consumers and patients. As long as we all strong legislation that supports permitting Cannacontinue to listen, learn and actively participate bis events and lounges in the 2018 session. If you we can make the market more sustainable for evhaven’t already, take a couple minutes to reach out eryone. to your representatives and let them know it’s an We also need to focus on federal change so that issue they need to address. eventually overproduction can be legally exported The biggest upside of this supply situation is that to other states with functioning recreational and additional material on the market will hopefully medical markets. It might be a while until this lead to more competitive pricing on concentrates, idea is accepted into the mainstream and passed edibles and other secondary products. Hopefully through the federal government but I think it’s imthis can help Oregon be more competitive with the portant to keep in mind there is nothing inherently pricing in Washington. evil about taking Cannabis from state to state, just an imposed law of man based on control and diMatthew Meyers is a Cannabis journalist, activist and vision. There is no reason states shouldn’t arrange frequent contributor to Oregon Leaf, based in Hood River.


YOUR TWO LOCATIONS IN OREGON!

TALENT 630 S PACIFIC HWY TALENT, OR 541-897-4577

SPRINGFIELD 1401 MARKET ST. SPRINGFIELD, OR 541-636-3489

WWW.GRATEFULMEDS.COM

COME TO THE ONLY OMMP CLINIC ESTABLISHED & RESPECTED SINCE 2001 IF YOU HAVE:

SEVERE PAIN - MUSCLE SPASMS - SEIZURES - GLAUCOMA CANCER - ADHD - AIDS - SEVERE NAUSEA - CACHEXIA ALZHEIMERS - PTSD - OTHER RELATED ILLNESSES

WE CAN HELP YOU FIND RELIEF

YOUR MEDICINE -TAX FREE! www.SouthernOregonAlternativeMedicine.com


ONE OF THE NATION’S LARGEST INDUSTRY EVENTS FEBRUARY 15 TH 16 TH 17 TH

2018

•OVER 400 EXHIBITS •12,000+ ATTENDEEES •THE LATEST TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE INDUSTRY

WASHINGTON STATE CONVENTION CENTER GUEST KEY NOTE SPEAKING BY VICENTE FOX AND SEAN MYLES

TICKETS AVAILABE AT CANNACON.ORG

USE DISCOUNT CODE LEAF20 AND SAVE 20% ON YOUR PURCHASE


STRAIN SPECIFIC

HIGH CBD

INDICA

SATIVA

PURE PEAK COOIL 2

Nothing artificial, no hydrocarbons – just naturally present terpenes and flavonoids. Featuring Terp-lock, our proprietary process, and our top-quality ceramic, glass and stainless-steel cartridge. Designed to deliver a unique, full-spectrum cannabis experience. HANDCRAFTED IN PORTLAND, ENJOYED BY OREGON. DO NOT EAT. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of reach of children.

PEAKEXTRACTS.COM A woman-owned cannabis company.


FEATURE

By PACER STACKTRAIN for OREGON LEAF | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

Each month, the Oregon Leaf crew meets to select one special budtender that stands out above the rest! Tell us who you think should be the next Oregon Leaf Budtender of the Month and why they deserve it!

I feel like more and more, CBD is truly becoming the wave of the future

FIRST CANNABIS EXPERIENCE? My first experience with Cannabis was when I was 18, as a college freshman. I was sitting on a rickety balcony off the back of Pioneer Hall on the campus of Linfield College with my girlfriend at the time. Her dad had given her some Acapulco Gold and we ended up smoking it out of a Pepsi can. We laughed and talked and made the smart choice of listening to “The Joshua Tree” by U2. It’s a fond memory of mine.

HOW DO YOU HELP CUSTOMERS FIND THE BEST CANNABIS OR PRODUCTS FOR THEM? Assessing the needs of the customer through conversation isn’t just a necessity, but a primary tactic for any budtender worth their weight. I try and break the ice with humor, attentiveness and by asking them how they intend to use the product that they’re considering. Everyone’s body chemistry and experience level is a bit different, so you need to get to know who you are selling to and what they intend to do with the product.

HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN PART OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY AND WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE ASPECT OF THE JOB? While I’ve only been a budtender for a short time, I’ve made a concerted effort to join the industry and use my life experience and knowledge as a guide. What motivates me is challenging myself every day in offering exemplary service to customers. I’m also constantly honing my approach to showcasing our exceptional product and accessories. From my perspective, budtending is a way to be yourself—showcase your personality a bit in order to help the customer find what they need.

HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THE CURRENT TESTING REQUIREMENTS BY THE OLCC? DO YOU PUT MUCH FAITH IN THC OR CBD PERCENTAGES TO CONVEY A STRAIN’S EFFECTS?

HOW DO YOU LIKE TO CONSUME CANNABIS? If you offer, I’ll try it. Mostly though, I’m into consuming flower. My bong is like a member of the family. But, I also enjoy edibles and doing my own cooking with Cannabis. I also love to use the new Pax Era vaporizer cartridges device for when I’m being a responsible adult or have to be discreet about consuming.

WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR FAVORITE CANNABIS STRAINS AND EFFECTS? I like heavy body highs — I like heavy IPAs. I’m a big fan of the myrcene [terpene]. I don’t necessarily feel like a strain’s name or lineage is the exact indicator of what the consumer will experience. Everyone five zero trees west experiences Canna5336 SW Beaverton bis a little differently, FiveZeroTrees.com so what makes one (971) 544-7828 person sleepy might make another feel upbeat. On the shelf, some of my favorites right now are Darkstar from TJ’s, and Mt Hood Magic Durban Poison by Pudding River is awesome.

20/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

budtender of the month

TYSON HUMBLE

As one of the best retail buildouts on the west side of Portland, Five Zero Trees (FZT) is a sure-fire spot for some guaranteed dank Cannabis. FZT has been holding it down since the early retail scene in Portland, from its time in outer southeast Portland to its new locations on the coast. It’s likely because of that history that the shop employs some of the best budtenders in the game. This month’s budtender is one of the friendliest we’ve had the experience of shopping with. Tyson Humble’s knowledge of the extensive menu at FZT was also quite impressive, as we love it when an aficionado goes the extra mile!

I really wish the state required terpene testing. I put some stock in THC numbers and percentages, but not a lot to be honest. However, I will note that low testing weed has made it nap time for me on many occasions. I do believe that CBD percentages mean something, though. I feel like more and more, CBD is truly becoming the wave of the future—and we sell more and more CBD dominant products every day at FTZ.

WHAT MAKES FIVE ZERO TREES’ APPROACH TO CUSTOMER SERVICE DIFFERENT? Aesthetically, FTZ is one of the most welcoming shops in the Portland area, and we back up this aesthetic with what we consider to be the best flower and product. The whole staff is amazing; at all times funny, empathetic and supportive. Our customers make it easy to have fun at work, and I think the fun we have makes the experience informative and enjoyable. I love working here.

WHAT ARE YOUR HOBBIES/INTERESTS OUTSIDE OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY? I drink beer, and I spend time with my hot wife and three children. I also love to run—mostly in that order. I’m an ultra-runner who has completed races from the marathon to the a 100-mile race and I’m a dad. I’m also a huge sports fan and I love to read. Cannabis obviously enhances all of these activities.

Thepacerstacktrain@gmail.com Instagram: @ThePacerStackTrain


The most scientifically rigorous cannabis competition on the planet

Enter at: CultivationClassic.cc

M AY

[

Revolution Hall Portland, OR Tickets on sale now

2018

NOW ACCEPTING ENTRIES Oregon dry flower free of synthetics only | Deadline to apply is February 16, 2018


@FarOutFarmsOregon

@FarOutFarmsOregon

Art by MaiTai

Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. keep out of reach of children.


pATIENT Profile

By SIMONE FISCHER | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

JULIO DILAN MANAGING CHRONIC LYME DISEASE THROUGH THE POWER OF CANNABIS

Approximately 20 percent of people diagnosed with Lyme disease are living with chronic pain even after receiving antibiotic treatment — Dilan among them. His experience with Lyme began in late childhood.

“I

never found a rash, but I could feel my brain pulsing like a really bad headache. I started showing signs of Lyme when I was in school. Chronic fatigue, neck and shoulder pains, body aches, cold and hot sweats, body and facial twitching, brain fog, bad nausea and my vision started to change like if I’m in a dream state,” Dilan said. “I was sensitive to lights too, especially florescent ones. I was dealing with panic attacks and I didn’t want to get out of bed. These were all symptoms of Lyme Disease that I did not know at the time.” After looking at a map of the United States on where Lyme disease is most reported, the East Coast has the highest amount of reported cases, according to the CDC. However, toward the southern end of California there is a concentrated area of Lyme reports. Dilan believes 30,000 cases reported each year is not accurate. The CDC uses a data collection technique called a “surveillance system” that doesn’t capture every illness and only focuses on “concentrated areas” of Lyme disease reports in the Northeast and Midwest.

Family Trauma Dilan believes Lyme is under-reported because not everyone has the telltale rash. Although the Dilan family did the best they could to clear tics from their property, it still wasn’t enough. “My siblings were being bounced around to group homes back then, but from 1990 to 1994, my mother was well enough to take care of me and my two brothers. She had been dealing with mental illness all her adult life and was constantly in and out of mental institutions. But towards the end of 1994, things took a bad turn after living in a house with a bad tic infestation. Suddenly, she wasn’t normal,” Dilan said. “She was showing all the symptoms of Lyme, and I remember seeing the “bull’s eye” rash on her leg but none of us knew. Her doctors weren’t Lyme-lit-

24/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

fer to humans. Long-term antibiotics are the erate and she had already been in the system for only thing Dr. Miguel Gonzales can recommend so long, they assumed her symptoms were mental which would be extremely expensive: $50,000 to health issues.” $100,000 out of pocket. The treatment would reWhen his mother had become too unstable and habilitate me for at least five years, and there is sick again, Dilan and his older brother went to live no guarantee it would work,” Dilan said. with his estranged father, who had just recently recovered from a life-long addiction to heroin. “It was so hard as a teen watching my mother try Relief through Cannabis and Faith to get well as she went from outpatient facilities to mental institutions. My mother died in 2001, the Years after his diagnosis, Dilan still deals with year I graduated high school. I feel Lyme disease persistent pain and fatigue. was a huge contribution to her becoming unsta“I use strains with high CBD. I deal with inflamble again. She was never diagnosed with Lyme mation and I need to reduce it, so smoking Candisease, and my belief that whether she did have nabis gives me the best relief. For inflammation, Lyme is highly controversial within my family. I’m I prefer strains 2:1 strains with high CBD and low the only one that believes this.” THC like: Canna-Tsu, Cannatonic, Critical Mass Despite his late mother’s history with mental (2:1) because THC helps CBD work better. For health, it was Lyme that drove her over the edge in rest and sleep, I like Phyre Glue, Silver City Diethe end, Dilan believes. Dealing the death of his sel, Star Dawg.” mother at such a young age was immensely trauDilan chooses living soil Cannabis due to its matic, and affected the nature of his organic cultivation practices pushing Lyme disease is caused by Lyme diagnosis. When Dilan began Cannabis plant genetics to its full pothe bacteria Borrerlia burdorferi, showing many of the signs of Lyme tential, resulting in the best medicine. and transmitted with tic bites. The Centers for Disease Control in school, his family thought he was Antibiotics are the first thing docestimates that 30,000 people dealing with mental health issues like tors recommend, but the out-of-pockcontract Lyme disease every his late mother, Dilan said. et expense is too great for chronic year in the United States. If left untreated, severe headDilan saw a psychiatrist who told conditions. Cannabis allows Dilan to aches, arthritis with severe joint him he was experiencing symptoms fight inflammation without the risk of pain and swelling, inflammation of depression, when the truth was he creating any superbugs. of the brain and spinal cord and problems with memory can was experiencing symptoms of Lyme. “I want to bring down inflammaresult. Lyme is classified as a “Three doctors later at the age of tion in my brain and the pain I feel bacteria and treated with heavy 20, I saw a Lyme-literate doctor by in my shoulders. I use edibles when antibiotics such as Amoxicillin. the name of Dr. Miguel Gonzales out it comes to getting really good rest. of Thousand Oaks, California. I had to pay out of I don’t do edibles during the work day because pocket to see him, which was very expensive, and it’s too heavy, or maybe I just haven’t found my I was tested. It came back positive, but I could not daytime dose yet, but my job is demanding and I afford further testing at the time to see if it was still must be mentally alert.” active, and what co-infections I may still have.” Dilan said Cannabis helps him control his inIt is a difficult diagnosis for doctors to make. flammation so he can continue to work full-time “There are other bacteria’s that tics can transand support his family.

A psychiatrist told him he was experiencing symptoms of depression, when the truth was he was experiencing symptoms of Lyme.


Dilan is the assistant garden manager at Phyre Farms, an OLCC-licensed recreational grow. The job demands his best work and he must stay sharp despite lingering fatigue. “Everybody is different, so I don’t expect what works for me will work for everyone else with Lyme. I deal with chronic fatigue, so a balanced diet is extremely important too. What you consume and put in your body either helps you or makes it worse. I also use hydrotherapy to help reduce my chronic pain,” Dilan said. “I used to surf back in California and I think it really helped me being in nature and talking to God while the waves came in. Surfing and the beach helped me, but I don’t have that kind of access in Oregon, so hydrotherapy is a solid substitute.” Without question, Dilan is a man of conviction. He is passionate about his faith and the relationship between God and Cannabis. “I am a man of faith, and I am a Christian. When my mother went through all of her craziness, she would still wake up and listen to Spanish Christian radio. She loved God with her whole heart and soul. I used to have conflict between my faith and my feelings about Cannabis, but it all went away when I started using it for my symptoms. I would get instant pain relief. I believe God created this plant to heal our bodies, and even to use recreationally in a responsible and not abusive way (Genesis 1:29, Genesis 9:3),” Dilan said. “Anything can be abused. Food can be abused and become an addiction. Those that knew me best in the conservative circle knew I was sick. It took courage and trust in God for me to step away from ignorant fear-based Christians. I use this plant as medicine to find relief from my symptoms, and find freedom from unhealthy convictions,” Dilan said. Dilan believes there is a divine correlation between faith and Cannabis. After all, Cannabis is natural and comes from the earth. Even beyond the realm of Christianity, Cannabis is not tolerated in most religious spaces. Despite the relentless shunning of Cannabis from the religious right, Dilan said he owes his healing to Cannabis and God. “Logically, in my heart and spirit, I know God supports Cannabis. There is an agenda to the conservative Christian community that runs this nation, and I believe many Christians’ understand the plant, but don’t want to go against the agenda or lose positions of power,” Dilan said. “I asked God if he supports my Cannabis consumption and the answer is simple: Cannabis takes away my pain so I can play with my son and treat my wife right. What more evidence do you need?”

Dilan said he owes his healing to Cannabis and God.

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/25


HAPPY

NEW YEAR

FROM BLAZE!

B L A Z E P R E M I U M C H O CO L AT E B A R S I H E A DT R I P G U M M I E S I H E A DT R I P C R I S PY T R E ATS FOLLOW US TO FIND BLAZE PRODUCTS NEAR YOU

blazepremium.com

For dispensary orders, contact Blaze Distribution at letsblaze100@gmail.com or 971-267-9341. You can order direct on LeafLink.com/BlazeDistribution For use by adults 21 and over only. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of marijuana. Keep marijuana out of the reach of children. Blaze Distribution License No: #100421702D4


Meet Oregon’s Regulated Cannabis Industry Visit GoLegalOregon.com to watch a new video series highlighting why members of Oregon’s cannabis industry support a regulated marketplace

GoLEGALOREGON.COM

@golegalOR


highly likely

By PACER STACKTRAIN for OREGON LEAF

Column #. 30

Highlighting amazing Cannabis pioneers who helped pave the way to greater herbal acceptance.

ANTHONY BOURDAIN I KNEW IT! That was the silent exclamation inside my THC-induced brain as I watched Anthony Bourdain, one of America’s prominent food personalities and the host of CNN’s Parts Unknown, roll, then light up a joint, all while overlooking the magnificent Puget Sound in Seattle from his swanky downtown hotel room. Many know Anthony Bourdain through his former program No Reservations which aired on the Travel Channel for 13 seasons. He exemplifies that sort of brash, New York swagger with a punk rock attitude and unflinching honesty tossed in for good measure. But Bourdain can also be a divisive character and his sometimes antagonizing interactions—often leading fans into a “love or hate” relationship with him. But his contributions to modern travel and food shows can’t be denied. Bourdain created something new with his personality-driven take on food culture. It all started with his best-selling book Kitchen Confidential, where Bourdain describes a drug-fueled work environment in the kitchens of lower Manhattan that included copious amounts of Cannabis usage on a nightly basis. Sure, there were also heavier substances used and described in the book, but I’d always wondered, given Bourdain’s personality, if he’d continued to use Cannabis. As he moved into television, there were signs over his 17 seasons on-air that Bourdain might still use Cannabis. On an episode of No Reservations filmed in Cambodia, Bourdain orders a restaurant’s “Happy Pizza” which he notes had been enhanced with a “powerful herbal compound.” On Parts Unknown in Amsterdam, just before heading into CNN’S LEGAL the infamous redlight district, he says “The use of any conDEPARTMENT trolled substance by me or any member of this crew would be absolutely forbidden according to network standards and all HAD TO GET rules of human decency,” he told the camera while arriving at INVOLVED WITH the airport. “Remember kids: don’t do drugs. We don’t.” THE DECISION TO Bourdain throws the camera a long, pronounced eye roll. His style is full of white knuckle honesty combined with sharp SMOKE CANNABIS satirical snark—and it carries over to his writing for television. ON CAMERA... An extended segment of Parts Unknown’s show on Morocco was dedicated to showing how hashish-laced Majoon is made by combining keif with honey. “Of course, network standards and practices prohibit me from even tasting this mind-altering treat. So until I see Christianne and Wolf doing bong rips in the Situation Room, I will, of course, abide by these rules. That’s. The. Kind. Of. Guy. I Am.” So, Bourdain has consumed plenty of edible Cannabis on his programs. But the question still remained—did he ever smoke it? While it took almost two decades, the latest episode in Seattle put the debate to rest: “I’ve smoked weed since I was 13,” he told a brother-sister Cannabis entrepreneur team over dinner. Bourdain later broke down the program with CNN’s Anderson Cooper. “I smoked a hell of a lot of bud on the show and looked straight at the camera and said, ‘This is CNN.’ And I got to tell you, it made me happy,” Bourdain said. Bourdain noted that CNN’s legal department had to get involved with the decision to smoke Cannabis on camera and that it was ultimately allowed on the network since it was legal in the jurisdiction where he smoked it. “I’m very proud of my joint-rolling skills, so it was nice to roll a joint on camera. It was a highlight for me—getting ripped on some high-powered, high-test bud.”

America’s favorite bad boy chef & travel host has been cooking up a love affair with Cannabis 28/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Thepacerstacktrain@gmail.com Instagram: @ThePacerStackTrain


access

REVIEW by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS

Portland

Live resin, cartridges, shatter and other consistencies were stocked to please all palates. LIFTED NORTHWEST

11121 SE Division St. Portland Open M-F 10a-9p Sat/Sun.11a-7p #LiftedNW @HeroesoftheFarm 503-894-9495

lifted northwest Strains 4/5 LIFTED NORTHWEST is the vertical retail outlet for

Heroes of the Farm, an OLCC licensed producer that specializes in craft Cannabis and craft seed production. Most strains on the shelves are bred and grown by the farm, which allows for quality flower to be sold at reduced price compared to most other dispensaries. Gorilla Snacks, Head Dog and Scooby Snacks were a few of the strains available grown in both greenhouse and indoor environments.

32/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Edibles 3/5

Concentrates 5/5

THE EDIBLE SELECTION was a little

FOR A NEW SHOP, Lifted Northwest carries a quality

scarce at Lifted Northwest, as Wyld and GrĂśn dominate the menu. CBD capsules and medicated honey were also available. It would be nice to see a wider variety of edible options as well as some healthier products. Not everyone can ingest copious amounts of sugar or chocolate.

selection of concentrates from processors like Willamette Valley Alchemy, Select Strains, Dr. Jolly’s, Permaculture Solutions and Orchid Essentials. Live resin, cartridges, shatter and other consistencies were stocked to please all palates. Heroes of the Farm is awaiting buildout and licensing of the processing lab so the farm can produce single source solvent concentrates.


GORILLA SNACKS Gorilla Snacks is another creation

G ROW N & B R E D by HEROES OF THE FARM THE SCORE

from Heroes of the Farm which crosses GG4 with Scooby Snacks. ar o ma d en s it y Opening the jar immediately revealed more of a GG dominant cu r e profile backed by some of the l o o ks sweet diesel notes from f l avo r the Scooby Snacks. ef f ect THC Each bud was sticky t otal 20/30 H Y B R I D and difficult to break down without a grinder. Firing up a few bowls illuminates a more Scooby Snacks flavor profile that would be hard to guess from the nose. The effects were pretty relaxing and lethargic, what one would expect from the genetics. However, this is a muted Scooby Snacks as the GG doesn’t add much to the flavor or potency side. ($42/ 3.5g)

25%

Environment 5/5 THE INTERIOR of Lifted Northwest

is beautiful. Custom wood display counters and artwork line the medicine room. A clone rack forged by Happy Daddy products sits behind the counter. Each display shelf is well lit and neatly organized, making it easy for consumers to browse the selection.

HEAD DOG #9

Head Dog #9 is one of Heroes

THE SCORE

of the Farms’ newest creations. a rom a This cross of Headband and de n s ity Guinness has a pungent gassy, fuel-like aroma to it that cure immediately hits the palate when l ooks a jar is cracked. The fl avor buds are medium in e ffe ct THC size and density, and tota l 26/30 H Y B R I D are caked in trichomes. I tried the #9 phenotype which was grown indoors by the Heroes’ crew. Notes of Chem, anise and fuel were most notable on the inhale, with a creamy and peppery taste on the exhale, very complex. I felt a nice combination of energetic and relaxing effects for more than two hours, making this a nice option for the hybrid lovers. ($42/ 3.5g)

24.9%

Overall 17/20 Lifted Northwest has built the foundation for a great shop, quality products, quality prices and knowledgeable staff. It will be exciting to see where these folks, and the rest of the industry, will be in a few years. jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/33


Ask for Green Leaf Lab Tested products for a Happy, Healthy, Body greenleaflab.org

We test the best.

P: (503) 253-3511

PO

DʼS RTLAN

FINES

T

TION ECRA R & CAL MEDI ABIS CANN

AL

HOURS: SUNDAY 11AM-7PM MON. TUES. 10AM-9PM WED. - SAT. 10AM-10PM

420 NE. 60TH AVE. POR TL AND OR, 97213

( 5 0 3 ) 9 57 - 7 8 3 2

DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY UNDER THE INFLUECE OF MARIJUANA KEEP MARIJUANA OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN


OREGON LEAF

HOUSE

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE 36/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


MATT GABOURY

Vice president of operations

Profile by Wes Abney Photos by Daniel Berman

OF cULTIVAR

IN A QUIET CORNER of House of Cultivar’s massive tier 3 grow facility in an industrial area of Seattle sits a sealed laboratory changing the world of Cannabis genetics. As the Cannabis industry transitions into the mainstream world of agriculture, new technology is both disrupting and enhancing the marketplace as research and science take control from basement technology and classic growing methods. Tissue culture could be the biggest game changer of the next ten years, and it isn’t even on the radar of big Cannabis. Tissue culturing is the art of plant stem cells, giving a lab the ability to revert strains to the most basic genetic form, and fit 10,000 of them into a cryogenic freezer the size of a decent mini-fridge. The future of strains and genetic preservation intersect in a Petri dish full of weed cells and a new world of technology, and the roots are being laid in the Northwest. >>

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/37


OREGON LEAF

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE

Continued from pg. 37

HOUSE OF cULTIVAR

Path to the lab For Mike Hydro, the company’s lead lab technician and strain aficionado who provided the basis for the process, the project began as a work of passion. A medical grower for the last decade, he started experimenting with tissue culturing in his personal garden after reading about the technique in traditional agriculture. But like any new startup industry, there was almost no information in the beginning. “For me to start, there was nothing to look up,” Hydro said. “There were a few articles on orchid and bamboo propagation, but for specifically what I was trying to attempt, I threw darts at the wall until something stuck.” Through trial and error, Hydro was able to develop methods that worked. He began culturing his own strains in a homemade environment. The failure rate was high, as the chances of contamination run rampant outside a professional lab environment. Around that same time period, he started working with the House of Cultivar team, who built out a shipping container as an initial lab. When the success and implications of that became readily apparent, the step toward a full-size lab was taken. At a cost of more than $350,000 it was a serious investment, one that paid off for the team, and is soon to help the greater industry.

Genetic Preservation In a world of the blind, the one-eyed man is king. That’s been the story of Cannabis genetics for the last several decades. Breeding was underground and risky, and those who bred were rightfully careful about sharing strains. A select group of people globally represented the majority of the cutting-edge strains. For breeding to be successful, the key issues are protecting strains from leaking and becoming diluted while

38/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

simultaneously protecting Tissue culture enters the scene as a technology was generated from genetic lineage and keeping that allows sterile, lab-grade plant growth to tissue culture, which create unlimited generations of new plants, strains alive. The concept has proven our viabilall with the exact same traits and features. of a seed vault meets the ity. Now I’m passionHouse of Cultivar project. ate about opening Most people have heard of the “doomsday” seed this up to other people and starting a true bank,” vault in the Arctic, meant to hold humanity’s seeds Gaboury said. safe in event of calamity. Ironically, it flooded after “Once we begin the bank we will be able to help less than a decade in existence, a product of global save heirloom strains, and discover the phenotypes warming. The point is simple—there was previously of future.” no way to create a living vault of Cannabis genetics. In 2018 the team hopes to begin accepting The cost to maintain a sample in a cryogenic storage samples for companies that want to protect freezer is minimal, meaning strain banks can and will strains or phenotypes that they can’t keep in the become a new part of the Cannabis breeding world. garden, and helping companies reset genetics with It’s that passion that led Matt Gaboury, co-owner the tissue culture process. of House of Cultivar to fund the project. Gaboury has Eventually, House of Cultivar hopes to build a been growing for ten years and around Cannabis his database of strains that will be unlike anything else entire life, always building grows and helping expand in the world. upon his formal education in architecture. His main “We have the ability to hold 10,000-plus strains contribution to House of Cultivar was designing and in one lab, with plant cuttings and cells stored managing permits and construction of the facility, indefinitely, in the truest form of a genetic bank. We which took more than two years and $4 million. want to fill the whole lab with strains, to collect and “We spent the last year running our 60+ strains store and preserve,” Gaboury said. through the system, to where our entire mother stock “We’re pioneers of this industry.”


Profile by Wes Abney Photos by Daniel Berman

Tissue Culture Explained To understand the process of tissue culturing, it’s best to start with a basic understanding of the Cannabis plant, and the simple way people have been spreading genetics since pot became modern. Traditional growing takes a cutting of a mother plant that’s been kept in a vegetative state perpetually, producing baby clones of a specific strain. Over time, the mother will pass generations of new cuttings, until she reaches a point when the cuttings are no longer producing value. A clone becomes a new mother as the process continues. The upside to this process is it’s simple, and it works, but the downside can be massive. From passing bugs or pesticides to genetic drift, when the strain loses the properties over the passing of generations. Cloning is an imperfect art that doesn’t always produce desired results. Tissue culture enters the scene as a technology that allows sterile, lab-grade plant growth to create unlimamount of effort put into that, from any standpoint— ited generations of new plants, all with the exact same money, ecological, labor—a strain vault is inevitably traits and features. where we need to go,” Hydro said. “It doesn’t have to The process for making a tissue culture starts by be rational then, people have attachments to plants taking a genetic sample of a plant, which can be any that aren’t viable, but you don’t want to lose the cut. piece of leaf or stem, but is best taken from the center Put it in a freezer, stop the genetic degradation, and stem: a piece about one centimeter large. hold onto the essence of the cut for years.” This plant matter is then placed into a sterile test Breeding of Cannabis is another area that will tube with an agar gel that becomes the plant’s new change with tissue culture. When a plant is first home. The gel tricks the plant cells into popped from seed, there are These cells are genetic gold, thousands of potential phenotypes. believing they are still attached to a the essence of the plant on plant, and causes the plantlet to grow When true breeders develop and a cellular level, free of pesti- search for a strain, they pop thoucallus cells — the stem cells of the plant cides or chemicals and world. These cells are genetic gold, the sands of seeds. ready to be transformed essence of the plant on a cellular level, Currently accepted methodology into new plant matter. free of all pesticides or chemicals and requires a clone for every plant ready to transform into new plant matter. flowered, with tracking and data, so that at the end of The cells are grown out into small plantlets that the breeding run the plant that performs best can be resemble seedlings, and can then become grown out traced back to a clone. into full plants. While it might seem like a lot of work This means keeping double the plants alive and to end up back with a clone, the benefits are tremenhealthy, labeled and tracked, all to select a handful dous. Stripping the plant down to the most basic level out of thousands. With tissue culture, a small piece preserves the genetic code and refreshes it, stripping of each plant could be harvested and labeled, and away any pests, disease or environmental stressors at the end of the test the chosen cuts can be picked that change the plant. The new growth is vigorous out of a shoebox sized freezer instead of a vegetation and fresh, with the original traits of the plant, and reproom with thousands of clones. resents the full genetic potential of a specific strain. “It’s not magic, it’s just a large sample population of cuttings, where taking full-size clones takes space Greater Implications and biological risk,” Hydro said. “What we can do is take large samples, isolate for the Cannabis Industry the cleanest, and then populate large lots from those As the Cannabis industry continues to grow, hard clean samples indefinitely. The risk and effort of questions are being asked about every aspect of culbreeding is essentially cut in half with tissue culture.” tivation, from pesticides and chemicals to the energy By making breeding easier, and storing the gefootprint it takes to grow. netics that make the strains we love, the potential to While nothing can solve all the industry’s myriad of save our legacy is solidified, and the ability to spread problems, tissue culture offers a solution for a couple Cannabis worldwide becomes exponentially easier. of them. Tissue culturing removes all pesticides from Science intersects with agriculture, and centers on a the plants workup, even systemic ones that linger plant that’s gone from illegal to one of the world’s for years such as Eagle 20, a banned chemical that largest commodity crops. caused gardens to fail pesticide tests. It also elim“We came from basements and garages to cominates the space, energy and resources needed to mercial industrial, and it’s amazing that we have this keep mothers alive. opportunity,” Gaboury said. “It’s tremendous and “Energy wasted just to keep a mother alive or a definitely surreal sometimes, as we are shaping the cut alive, what’s the footprint of a cut like that, the future of Cannabis one tissue culture at a time.”

RYAN STECKLOFF

Watering some Honey B

Stages of Tissue Culture 1. Collect X plants—a very generic term for plant parts, taking one-centimeter cuttings cut from the main, center stem 2. Plant parts are sterilized in a series of washes, then placed into jars for inoculation in a sterile environment. Wait a few weeks to determine the sterility— pathogens turn up immediately in the first couple weeks. 3. Identify the keepers, then transfer into a medium for multiplication of cells, that is either a root-grow media or a shootgrowth media, which creates branches or material to re-culture. 4. Repeat step one with new material, developing more plant material that becomes rooted. 5. Hardening off— Once they’ve grown and produced a root or shoot, they’re still susceptible to the environment outside of the test tubes, because the test tube provides high humidity in a sealed environment, so the plants are weak at first. Hardening eases them into new homes by opening jars and exchanging oxygen. Once the plants stop wilting, they’re ready to be potted and treated as a seedling. 6. Once it’s rooted, now you have an A1 mom, a beautiful plant to grow and then propagate clones or flower out.

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/39


OREGON LEAF

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE

sEEdS hERE Now james Bean is the passionate founder behind SeedsHereNow.com, the country’s largest provider of genetic preservation kits. With more than 40 breeders and hundreds of strains represented, SHN helped redefine the seed game with proper customer service, true genetics and a 100 percent satisfaction guarantee.

40/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


that became my opening pitch,

‘we have seeds here, now, 100 different strains’ and I

wrote it on a whiteboard

at CannaCon and put

it in the corner.

INTERVIEW by WES ABNEY PHOTO by @EATUMUPPHOTO

‘‘

When did Cannabis come into your life and how did you get the name James Bean?

You’re known for having a satisfaction guarantee. Was that challenging in a business as unstable as seeds & genetics?

I was slinging herb before I was smoking it. I played high school football so I didn’t smoke until I was 17, but I was selling joints as a sophomore, stealing my mom’s shake. I liked smoking as it became a community thing with friends, a camaraderie thing. I earned the name James Bean in Boise, Idaho, when I dropped five units of the seediest brick I’d ever seen. People would call and beg hoping I had something else to sell, and I went from James Dean to James Bean.

I’ve said since day one if I can’t guarantee it I won’t sell it. I have 100 percent satisfaction guarantee, it’s not a germination guarantee like some seed banks, its satisfaction guaranteed. If you aren’t happy I’m going to give you a new pack. Because I’ve learned it’s a lot easier to give you a free 5-pack and say have a nice day, try it again.

How did you start selling seeds intentionally? I met Alpha Chronic around 2010 and get a lot of knowledge from him, and helped him sell his 28-strain line. At that time, I didn’t to take on more breeders, because I’d have to give each half. But after three years I ran him down to four strains, and I had to start adding selection. At that time, there were 1,000 cuts of ACDC floating around, and I hated that and wanted to put that out of business. I met with LaPlata (a breeder), he had a Harlequin and Cannatonic cross, Harlechronic, with 25,000 seeds. He was my first new vendor as I started selling CBD strains, and in 2013, I bought all 50 states’ seedbank.com, WAseedbank.com was the very first. That was when I knew it could be bigger than just Washington, and at the time it was rent money or domain money, and I chose the websites.

What’s the story behind the name, Seeds Here Now?

But you don’t sell seeds directly, so what do you sell? We sell genetic preservation kits, they’re for novelty use only. Do not get them wet or dirty, they will explode! The information about the strain is the real value, we cover lineage and flowering time and other info, and of course the connection to the breeder. It’s very humbling to work with the breeders I get to, it’s my pleasure.

How do you choose your breeders? My first question is always “How long have you been in the business,” because you need to have started before me to work with you. I want to work with the guys that paved the road I now drive on, the original guys taking the chances when they didn’t need to, putting their freedom at risk to breed strains and work genetics, illegally and without the technology we have today. The guys I work with are chosen, if you made the strain, you built it, I work with you. If you’re a “chucker,” you cross other people’s work, I can’t work with that.

The weekend of the first CannaCon and Hempfest we had booths at the same time, and it was the first time I had teams in two places. And sitting at CannaCon, people kept asking “You got seeds? You got seeds here, now?” Finally, that became my opening pitch, we have seeds here, now, 100 different strains, and I wrote it on a whiteboard at CannaCon and put it in the corner. The next day I took it to Hempfest, and Darcy drove by and said “This is Hempfest, not felony-fest,” and pointed at my sign. So, I thought about it, and put .com next to the name, and the next time she drove by I said it’s all brooches and marketing info and I’m only promoting a website, and she said that’s fine! We bought the website that day, and the rest is history.

What’s a “pollen chucker” to you? A pollen chucker is someone who takes a 10-pack of Crocket’s Tangie and crosses it with someone’s gear and calls it Tangie Cream, so I ask, what did you go for, what traits, when you bred, other than the name. It’s like Brad Pitt and Angelina, you’re going have pretty kids, you can take two popular things and cross them, but it doesn’t mean you did something special or should be awarded for. Guys like that take money out of breeders’ pockets, and spread bad genetics to unsuspecting people, which is wrong all the way around.

Why are some strains more valuable than others and how much of it is hype?

How many breeders are represented on the site and how do you choose them? We have 42 United States breeders, and only work with people from the states. In my mind that’s there the best breeders are, in the 80s and 90s a lot of U.S. guys sent gear to Amsterdam, but the quality development was always done here.

Helping growers connect with breeders

Your model is different than a lot of other seed banks so how do you spread genetic preservation?

First off, if a rapper raps about your strain, it’s worth so much money! You have to always factor the rapper equation. But really, a lot of it is hype, but about 75 percent of the time the hype matches the breeder. There are breeders out there with up to $800 for a 10-pack, but they’re only putting out 100 packs, and those will all sell out instantly. Put that in a safe and in five to ten years that’s doubled or tripled in value.

How much should people spend on their genetics?

We don’t do shipping, but we do have couriers in every state, couriers that take care of orders, all 50 states. I’m a broker, I don’t make seeds, I’m a middle man. I tell my breeders the day I start making seeds is the day you should pack up and leave. When I think about seedbanks that make or grow seeds I get upset, I think it’s a definite conflict of interest. It’s shady, and it’s too close to the actual game.

How much do people invest in their gardens? How much do you spend on a bulb? One hundred fifty bucks just for a bulb, but people will complain about $150 for a pack. You’re talking about the genetics that will build the future of your company, a proprietary money tree, and nobody has that copy of that seed you have. You want the same thing as everyone else, go transplant a clone.

Do you see problems with the seed game in general?

What is the future for Seeds Here Now?

The seed industry has been shady in the past, and continues to be. Anyone can sell you bag seeds, and you’d never know the difference. We have all sent money to Amsterdam, waited months for our $150 pack, and popped seeds only to have two viable starts and they both end up males. It sucks, and if you call them and complain you get nothing. Having been on the losing end, I thought how can I fix that. Shit can happen though, which is why we have our guarantee.

My second play is licensing breeds. I work with every breeder personally, and we’re coming up on a time where strains will begin to be trademarked and licensed. I keep the breeders’ interests in mind, and the breeders deserve to protect their rights and their strains. California will be the first to start enforcing and accepting Cannabis trademarks, which is huge. We can’t federally trademark because of the Controlled Substances Act, but someday strains will be extremely valuable.

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/41


OREGON LEAF

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE

INTERVIEW by SIMONE FISCHER | PORTRAIT by @BERMANPHOTOS

When did you start growing? Matt: I started officially growing for medical patients in 2007 with 36 plants, and expanded the following year to 96 plants, the biggest garden in Takilma and the greater area for that matter, at the time. My dad, Matthew Chalon Miller, went to prison for 18 months in 1999 for growing Cannabis. That was in impressionable experience for myself as the eldest of eight that drove to Coos Bay every other Sunday to see him. He died from a heart attack in 2015, while doing his pack-test for wild land firefighting. Rhea: We are both second-generation growers, learning mostly from our fathers. And what’s super cool is since the industry has become legal, we’ve been able to teach them a thing or two!

I understand your late father was around for the legendary creation of Jager. How did Jager come to be? Rhea: Jager was born in 2009 in Takilma, Oregon. Takilma is a small, hippy community outside of Cave Junction, known since the 70s for some of the highest grade Cannabis in the nation. Matt: I got Hindu Kush seeds from the Farmacy in California. I was getting into cross-pollination and exploring genetics at the time, while trying to find a strain that would set me aside from everybody else. But most of all, the high and the terpene profile I was chasing was gas and purps terps, like Purple Urkle. Sour Diesel was my favorite strain of all time and I wanted something semi-sour like that too. I needed a strain that would stand out in a competitive market. I popped 30 different strains, with five up-to 30 seeds of each strain. Once I began, I was really surprised with how much irregularity there was in the phenos once the seeds popped. I planted all of my Hindu Kush seeds I had in the pack. I liked the variance because it’s like a mystery that never stops giving. It’s a true hunt to find the perfect pheno. It’s a real adrenaline rush! It’s like gold-panning with plants. I wanted to see what the best was for myself. I was, and still am, very passionate about discovering the best phenos in strains. After I cracked all of my Hindu seeds, I crossed the specific pheno that I felt was the one back onto itself, which gave us the Jager.

Was there any push back from the Cannabis community or the company Jägermeister?

Getting a whiff of some Jager

Millerville Farms

MATT MILLER S I G N AT U R E S T R A I N : J A G E R

Soon after the strain’s birth, Jager quickly became a staple crop among full-season (outdoor) southern Oregon growers. Jager prefers natural sun, plus she has a hearty resistance against molds and mildews to boot. The Jager pheno-expressions are cloaked in deep purple hues, with a sour but earthy-anise aroma. Naturally, Jager became popular among Oregon growers, even prior to the start of rec sales. Jager creator Matt Miller and CEO Rhea Miller of OLCC-licensed Millerville Farms break down one of the finest strains to emerge out of Oregon.

42/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Matt: I’ve been drinking Jägermeister for some time, and I was passionate about drinking my Jäger. I was doing a lot of Jäger bombs back when we were in cross-pollination during the creation of the strain. My brother and I were wrestling on the porch, and things got heated. Once we calmed down after the fight, we decided to roll one up to keep the peace. We all picked our own smoke, and I rolled up what was to be the strain we dubbed Jägermeister. I told my brother, “It’s like Jäger in a bottle, and Jäger in a spliff!” and that’s how we named it. It was all medical back then, so this was before legalization and branding. We called it Jägermeister in the early medical days, but a dispensary in southern Oregon got a cease-and-desist from the Jägermeister company. We personally have never been contacted by the company—ever. But to protect ourselves, we changed the strain name from “Jägermeister” to “Jager” to prevent legal action. Rhea: Back in the medical days, there was pushback from the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program (OMMP) community because we named Cannabis after an alcohol. But the complaints were pretty minor. To this day, especially after going legal, we don’t hear as much, if any, opposition anymore.

Why do you think people conflate your strain Jager with the strain Purple Hindu Kush? Can you set the record straight on the subject? Rhea: Purple Hindu Kush and Jager are not the same thing. I’m not sure why people think it’s the same genetic. Both Jager and Purple Hindu Kush come from the same origins, but they are completely different phenos. Think of it like this: similar to Girl Scout Cookies Forum cut versus Girl Scout Cookies Thin Mint. Both strains are from cookie genetics, but they’re two totally different phenotypic expressions. It’s like siblings. They have the same parents, but are two totally different people. The two probably get mixed up because they are from the same lineage, but they are different genetics. Jager is a specific, stabilized phenotype not to be confused with Purple Hindu Kush.


Known for Dogwalker

INTERVIEW by MATTHEW MEYER | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS

What got you interested in working with, cultivating and eventually breeding Cannabis? Specific strains? My interest in cultivating Cannabis began in the summer between 11th and 12th grade. This would be the first of several failed attempts to grow a small number of plants from bag to seed outdoors. A couple of years later, during my sophomore year of college, I had my first successful crop. It was a small closet grow under a 250-watt HPS. At the time, the Virginia Beach Afghani cut was very popular amongst many of my friends. Although I never had the honor to cultivate her, her dominance in our market inspired me to explore the potential of various seeds I had collected over the years. To be honest, nothing too exciting evolved from this but my passion to explore continued to evolve. I was introduced to Four Way in 1996. For several years this strain became the standard by which all others were judged. She was a perfect balance between sour and skunky and she was LOUD. This was the same Four Way that is referred to as the Fairfax Four Way today. This is the strain that really inspired me to start breeding. I moved to the West Coast in 1999. My first breeding efforts were to meet or beat the Four Way. It took a few attempts but eventually I got there. If I remember correctly, it was a Northern Lights, Big Bud, Haze cross that finally met the mark. From that moment, I knew the path with Cannabis that I was intended to follow. Moving to Portland enabled me to access amazing genetics to breed with.

Can you provide some insight on the selection process? Many growers buy seeds to “pheno hunt” for the best flower expression. Not me. I am constantly looking at new crosses to see how they might integrate into my own breeding program. I ask myself, “What can this cross do to enhance another? Can it add depth in flavor? Will it help to stabilize? Is this a new foundation that I can build off of?” If I don’t check the “yes” boxes for any of these questions, then I generally pass on those seeds. During the selection process, I am looking for complex flavor expressions. There has to be the right combination of different inhale-exhale experiences coupled with evolving layers that linger on the pallet after the exhale. No one-trick ponies allowed. Potency is also of significant interest to me. I want to produce chemovars that are rich in secondary metabolites. I believe these are the best resources for medicine.

What advice do you have for recreational growers? Don’t lose sight of quality as you pursue higher yields in order to meet your bottom line. Focus on creating a balance between the two. Photographed at Roots Garden Supply in Portland

oNE eYE S I G N AT U R E S T R A I N S : D O G WA L K E R , S C O O BY S N A C K S

OneEye is a kind, passionate and wise individual who embodies all the positive elements of the Cannabis industry. After meeting him I could tell that OneEye intends to improve the world around him however he can! On one hand, OneEye is known for his adept breeding skills and, on the other hand, as an expert cultivator. He’s consulted for some of your favorite farms, and also helps a wide variety of growers on a daily basis working as a master grower at Roots Garden Supply in Portland. His creations are revered for their gassy bag appeal and, most importantly, knockout effect!

What about for patients and consumers? Do your best to be an educated consumer. Whether you’re a medical or recreational user, product awareness is crucial.

What is your favorite strain to grow and what is your favorite strain to smoke? For the last few years my favorite strains to grow are DogWalker OG and her sister The Bizz. The Bizz has only been released to a few, but be on the lookout for her and her offspring in 2018. In addition, I really enjoy my Scooby Snacks (DogWalker OG x GSC Forum Cut) and most recently Black Lime Reserve. At this year’s Emerald Cup, I was gifted some pure Land Race Thai from Bodhi. This is amazing smoke! The flower was seeded. I can’t wait to see how these seeds might integrate into future breeding projects.

Hopes for Cannabis breeding ten years from now? Hopefully ten years from now we, the breeding community, will have stood together long enough to protect our genetics from falling into the hands of greedy corporate Cannabis pirates. We must do everything we can to prevent these giants from claiming ownership of our genetics that we have spent decades trying to create. There are several entities out there who are currently pursuing utility patents and genetic modification of Cannabis for self-serving interests. Scotts Miracle Gro and Phytec are two of these companies. Stand together, we must.

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/43


OREGON LEAF

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE

INTERVIEW by WILL FERGUSON | PORTRAIT by @BERMANPHOTOS

What are you currently smoking on? There are about ten strains in the head-stash at the moment: Kali Snaffle, Ms. Universe, Cherry Vanilla Cookies, Pineapple/C99, Super Silver Haze F4, Bubba Kush and a few more, but I’ve mainly been smoking on the Sour Peach Cobbler.

What originally sparked your interest in breeding Cannabis genetics? When I first started growing back in 1996, it was from seed. I made my first batch of seeds to become self-sufficient. I made seeds for years before I ever grew from a clone. Seed reproduction evolved into a strict selection process, which eventually became Dynasty Genetics.

What strains are most effective for your medicinal needs? Pineapple Fields has been amazing for me personally. Its functionality allows me to keep up with my busy schedule but also subsides pain.

When working on new crosses, what traits do you look for? It really depends on the goal for the breeding project, but ultimately testing the offspring will determine if the male is suitable for use. When I chose the Blue Heron #111 male for the Blue Magoo Bx2, I tested two “finalist” males for a side by side grow of the offspring. The male that looked identical to the Blue Magoo actually did not pass on the recessive-dominant traits I was looking for, but it was actually the taller one that passed on the dominant Blue Magoo traits to all offspring. This is also one of the reasons I test the offspring before committing to a particular parent plant.

Are there any strains or projects that we can expect a release of soon? The Sour Peach Cobbler is one of the new upcoming releases in extract, bud and seed form.

What’s your opinion on testing out crosses? It seems many breeders select an elite male and cross them with elite females without growing out the offspring. Testing is a necessary part of the process in my opinion. If we are not testing offspring, we are not doing a big part of our job.

Dynasty Genetics

PROFESSOR P

What does “breeding with intention” mean to you and why do you feel it’s important? Building a stable foundation is one of the most important factors that are determined when I begin a project. I believe breeding with intention is part of what differentiates “breeders” from “pollen chuckers.” I am conscious of setting goals when beginning a project due to the amount of work I already have cued up, this helps keep things organized and efficient.

S I G N AT U R E S T R A I N S : B L U E M A G O O, P I N E A P P L E F I E L D S

“Professor P” is one of the best breeders in the industry. The love and passion he has for the plant is apparent in every strain he creates. Professor P has been growing and breeding quality genetics since the early 1990’s, most strains were grown from seed and had never been cloned before. Professor P’s work will be available in seed and flower form through Deep Creek Gardens as they continue unveiling new genetics.

44/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

SR OG

Photo by Professor P

P L AT I N U M H U C K L E B E R R Y C O O K I E S A N D S TA R D U S T E R


Archive Seed Bank

Mac laws

Known for DoSiDos

S I G N AT U R E S T R A I N S : FA C E O F F O G, O R E G O N L E M O N S D O S I D O S , W H I T E TA H O E C O O K I E S A N D S A M O A S

INTERVIEW by NATE WILLIAMS | PORTRAIT by @BERMANPHOTOS

How was Archive formed and when? Archive was formed around 2011 by Fletcher Watson in the great Pacific Northwest. The first seed packs were released around this time using the Albert Walker crossed with Manic 32 male. The idea was to create a male as close to the infamous Albert Walker to be crossed to many other cultural classics that have been collected for well over a decade.

What strains were involved at the beginning, and how were they chosen? The first strains used in breeding after the Manic crossed with Albert Walker line was the Face Off OG line. Face Off OG female was old bag seed found from OG from SoCal in the early 90s. The Face Off was back crossed to find a number of tested males that made the cut. These males were used to make the first Face Off line, which consisted of many heirloom genetics including Purple Urkle (Grimace OG), San Diego Catpiss (Code Blue), Pacific Northwest Dog Shit (Poochie Love), Skunk crossed with Chem 91 (Hazmat OG), Irene Kush (RudeBoi OG), as well as some more current hype Cultivars like Forum Girl Scout Cookies (Samoas), OG Kush Breath (Dosidos), Ghost OG (Casper OG), Sour Diesel (Sour Face) to name a few. The goal in all these crosses is to use the finest heirloom genetics and best new age genetics to create a line that offers the best of both worlds and helps preserve the classics. We have always been about the flavor and effects and we’re always looking for unique profiles and high THC strains. The goal is to open the door to new varieties and flavors instead of remaking things already in existence. 

How does the selection process work at Archive? The selection process comes with a lot of smoking of female cultivars used, rigorous stress testing and flowering of the males. Once the desired attributes are found, then the crosses are made and tested before release. The Face Off males tend to help stabilize some of the more unique and unstable varieties along with adding some of the desired growth traits for commercial operations.

Archive has grown to include a retail store

Archive Seed Bank is a name that needs no introduction among growers in the Pacific Northwest. They’ve been an Internet seed phenomenon and have brought forth amazing strains such as Face Off OG, Oregon Lemons, White Tahoe Cookies and Samoas. Archive is comprised of a team that stretches across both Oregon and Washington, with the Portland retail store that opened in June 2016. Meet Mac Laws, who helps run Archive Portland, the nursery’s clone production, genetic preservation and exploration and consults on Archive’s flower production.

How do you see the breeding world changing with Cannabis legalization? We see seeds as the future of Cannabis. Breeding for consistent varieties that can be grown from seed. The vigor and sterile start of a seed plant is hard to compete with on a commercial level. We will continue to push the bar to create unique cultivars looking for every flavor and smell imaginable.

Why is DosiDos the favorite inhouse strain? The DosiDos is a plant that has it all. Looks, smell, flavor and potency. It is a homerun and we have heard from many people that it has effects that are unmatched in its potency and ability to not have a tolerance build-up to its specific profile. The new line of DosiDos crosses is an amazing chance to once again take old classics with varying viability and turn up the modern day bag appeal, potency, flavor and commercial viability.

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/45


OREGON LEAF

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE

NEW MOTHERS

KILL IT

BEGINNER BUDS

COLOSSAL COLAS

BAG APPEAL

WILDERNESS WEEDS

STRAIN GUIDE Reviews by Nate Williams Photos by Daniel Berman

Oregon Leaf comes across hundreds of strains per year with plenty more submitted by growers for potential review every month. For this first-ever Strains and Genetics Issue of the Leaf, we dove in and broke down some of our favorites, least favorites, and everything in between when it comes to cultivars, phenotypes, and all things strains and genetics.   These lists were cumulative from our entire writing staff and unsurprisingly there was fairly minimal overlap section to section. Our staff was more or less in agreement about which list these strains should be landing on, though it should be known that this was not the case in every instance. With more than 1000 strains available and more constantly emerging, each winter growers must make the difficult decision of what genetics to grow the coming season.  The hope with these lists (and our breeder profiles) is not only to educate both our consumers and the growers, but to help bring them closer together through a better understanding of each other.

46/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Sour tangie

forbidden fruit

Grower Million Elephants Co. Breeder Unconfirmed, potentially Libra Seeds Lineage Cherry Pie x Tangie Effect This amazing strain blends two unique terpene profiles and opposite effects for a one-of-a-kind hybrid. The effects are relaxing and mood enhancing, just as one would expect when crossing a couch-locking indica such as Cherry Pie with an uplifting sativa such as Tangie. We can’t wait to see more growers get hold of this amazing strain!

Black Mamba #3

Grower Fidus Family Farms Breeder Exotic Genetix Lineage Mint Chocolate Chip x The Cube Effects This incredibly potent strain has an amazing minty hashy and Kush forward terpene profile — frosted all the way down to the fan leaves. This strain shows vigor in every notable category, and each phenotype exhibits different strengths and weaknesses. Just as it’s not for first-time consumers, she’s also not a great choice for first-time growers. Be prepared if you’re hunting for that perfect Black Mamba!

Grower The Plant Farm Breeder Crocket Family Farms Lineage East Coast Sour Diesel x Tangie Effects The high from well-grown Sour Tangie, such as this elite sample, has strong creative and mood elevating effects. This energetic, motivating strain is perfect for making art or music, going for a hike and making household tasks a breeze. From our staff’s encounters with Sour Tangie, the strain’s best expressions come from soil-grown mediums. koala cookies and Cream scooby Snacks Banana Split OG Pie Breath lotus Larry  Sonic Screwdriver Blood Durban

NEWMOTHERS The Oregon Leaf staff selected a few of their favorite strains that emerged in 2017. Cheers to all the breeders with strains in this category for creating something great!

Dutch Treat Cherrygasm Head Dawg Astral OG White Tahoe Cookies true Blueberry tardis


KILL IT These are great strains already growing abundantly, but it’s time to shelve a few of them until their popularity dies down.

Blue Dream

cookies tangie Blue City Diesel zkittlez Gummy Bear cheese Photo by Allie Beckett

pURPLE pUNCH BEtA PHENO

Grower TKO Reserve Breeder SuperNova Gardens Lineage Larry OG x Grand Daddy Purple Effects This strain, when sun-grown like this example, has a relaxing yet creative high well suited for stress relief and killing writer’s block. The high is body forward and mentally it’s mellowing and chill with low psychoactivity, making it a good option for newer users. This strain made our Kill It list due to its nearly exclusive tendency toward being grown indoor, which produces an extremely frosty and sexy looking bud that lacks any “punch” whatsoever.

honey Bananas lemon OG bruce banner rude Boi OG

Photo by Josh McHale

gg 4

Grower Midnight Trich Farm Breeder GG Strains Lineage Sour Dubb x Chem Sis x Chocolate Diesel Effects GG4 is a potent, new-classic strain that exploded in popularity in 2017. It’s in most every grower’s stable and almost every dispensary.  If you’re a fan, keep an eye out for Midnight Trich Farm’s flowers from-cut phenotype of the legendary Glue. This strain profiles notes of chocolate, fuel and chew-funk and provides strong effects typical of both the sativa and indica varietals.

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/47


OREGON LEAF

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE

AC/DC Sour Tsunami Harlse-Tsu Cannatonic papaya Pennywise Ringo’s Gift Stephen Hawking Kush Pineapple Express Blackberry Kush Charlotte’s Webb Kosher Tangie Marionberry Kush

Critical Mass

Grower Green Dragon Gardens Breeder CBD Crew Lineage (Afghan x Skunk #1) x Cannatonic Effect Critical Mass is an amazing 1:1 strain, meaning it balances its THC and CBD values nearly equally. The result is a balanced high that provides amazing medicinal benefits due to its bolstered CBD content. The smell is completely unique and is a mix of overripe fermenting fruit and earthy funkiness. The strain is relaxed and focused, and makes for a great daytime smoke or is a good option for new users or those with a low tolerance.

Blue Dragon

BEGINNERBUDS Perfect for low tolerances and those new to Cannabis, these strains have more CBD than THC content. Some fall closer to a 1:1 ratio, but all will offer an easy smoke.

Reviews by Nate Williams | Photos by Daniel Berman

48/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Desert

Frost

Grower Yerba Buena Farms Breeder Unknown Lineage Unknown Effects The Blue Dragon Desert Frost is a high CBD cultivar that consistently tests at around 1 percent THC, while boasting CBD content from 17 percent to nearly 20 percent. This strain provides wonderful muscle relaxation and noticeably diminishes stress and anxiety. It’s a perfect strain for first timers, due to its low THC.


Sunset Sherbet Grand Daddy Purple jager Banana Kush Samoas Blueberry Northern Lights Mango Kush og kush cherry kush Grape Ape Green Crack

Lodi D odi

Grower Sugartop Buddery Breeder Smokey Point Productions Lineage Proprietary/Undisclosed Effect Lodi Dodi is a unique hybrid, its effects can lean in an up or down direction, depending on the user’s body chemistry. Lodi has a delightful limonene and pinene forward profile, which tends to create a euphoric, uplifting high. This terpene forward strain consistently clocks in around 25 percent THC.

Cinex

Black BETTY

Grower Gnome Grown Organics Breeder Unknown Lineage AK47 X Sour Diesel Effect Black Betty is a great post-workday smoke with an amazing flavor profile and the high to match. Subtle notes of fuel combine with rich, earthy, slightly fruity aromas to offer a unique smell you can revisit and get something different each time. The AK47 brings a relaxing body high and cerebral buzz, while the Sour Diesel kicks up the psychoactivity and overall potency of the strain. She is well-known as a grower’s favorite, and is parented by two hearty producers to create one of the heaviest yielders out there.

COLASSAL COLAS A grower’s dream come true. When product weight has everything to do with the success of your crop, finding genetics that can consistently throw down heavy colas is critical.

jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/49


OREGON LEAF

THE STRAINS & GENETICS ISSUE

Reviews by Nate Williams Photos by Daniel Berman

gg12 ogkB Mimosa Blood Wreck the White Cherry Pie Golden Cobra jack Herer

Nepalese kush

Grower Mindful Canna Breeder Unknown Lineage Nepalese Landrace Effect Nepalese Kush produces a deeply relaxing yet clear-headed body high. Boasting a hash-y and complex profile that may not be for new school flavor hounds, this strain is perfect for night time relaxation, or just a potent smoke for those with a high tolerance. This strain is great for pain relief, anti-anxiety and can help combat insomnia.

Durban Poison Obama Kush Designer OG Mendo Breath

BAG APPEAL Exquisite, unique, sexy, we think these buds have some of the best looks around. Great genetics are easy to recognize.

Super Silver Haze Platinum Girl Scout Cookies Platinum Huckleberry Cookies

50/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Montana silvertip

Grower Bull Run Craft Cannabis Breeder Lionheart Caregiving Lineage Most likely “rogue pollination” of Grand Daddy Purple x Silver Kush (Purple Kush x Super Silver Haze) Effect The cross of the heavy duty indica in Grand Daddy Purp and the caffeine-like buzzing high of the Super Silver Haze brings forth one powerful smoke best left for the afternoon, evening or days when no work needs to be done. The high is very psychoactive, great for pain and is an excellent distraction from physical and mental ailments.


jager

WILDERNESS WEEDS Just like their human counterparts, these plants love to be outdoors in the sun. Some genetics struggle with our moisture-heavy Pacific Northwest climate, but the following strains have proven well suited for full-season and greenhouse environments.

Berry White Durban Poison Strawberry Cough Ak47

f ire OG Sour Diesel Trainwreck Black Cherry soda Lemon Kush Afghani Hash Plant Pinkleberry sour diesel Grower Oso Verde Farms Breeder Unknown Lineage Mass Super Skunk x Original Diesel Or ChemDawg x Mass Super Skunk/NL Effects The Sour Diesel has long been a sativa-lover’s favorite for its classic sour gas funk profile and its strong cerebral effects and uplifting energy. This strain stood the test of time, and has been used to create many new amazing varieties. To boot, she prefers to be grown in a greenhouse under natural light, making her availabile in Oregon in winter and spring.

kush

Grower Green Source Gardens Breeder Green Source Gardens Lineage Blackberry Kush F5 IBL Effects The Pinkleberry Kush is a special plant bred in-house by Green Source Gardens. The strain’s most prevalent terpene is called terpinolene, which brings an energizing effect and a spacey, almost trippy high when consumed in quantity. Pinkleberry is great to pair with activities such as seeing a show or going out to a movie. The profile is floral with hints of berries and spice. A distinct earthiness is also present, underlying the more prominent floral and fruity notes.

Dutch Treat Panama Red Headband vietnamese Black Lambs Breath Sour Diesel jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/51


Now Available In

WASHINGTON & OREGON

ebluntcbd.com @ ebluntcbd

Facebook / Google+ / Instagram For a distributor near you call or email:

(907) 351-8207 rob@eblunt.com

HEMP

CBD THC FREE !


recipes

By LAURIE WOLF | PHOTOS by BRUCE WOLF

STUFFED FRENCH TOAST STARTING YOUR DAY WITH CANNABIS INFUSED FRENCH TOAST IS ALMOST TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE. THE RICOTTA AND THE JAM COMBINE TO MAKE THE PERFECT LEVEL OF CREAMY, TANGY SWEETNESS.

INGREDIENTS

4 slices white bread 2 teaspoons canna-butter, melted 1/4 cup ricotta cheese 1/4 cup jam, any flavor 2 eggs, lightly beaten 1 tablespoon milk 3 tablespoons butter confectioner’s sugar for garnish*

1. Brush two slices of the

bread with the melted canna-butter. Layer the two slices with ricotta and then jam. Top off the sandwich with the remaining bread.

2. In a wide, shallow bowl

beat the eggs with the milk. Dip the sandwiches in the egg mixture.

3. Melt butter in a large

skillet. Add the sandwiches when butter starts to foam.

4. Cook sandwiches until

golden brown, three to four minutes, turn and cook on the other side until golden.

5. Place on two plates, cut in half, and sprinkle with powdered sugar.

*For perfect confectioner’s sugar sprinkling, use a small tea strainer or sifter.

WAKE AND BAKE

54/jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


INGREDIENTS

4 6-inch flour tortillas 4 teaspoons canna-butter, melted 4 bacon strips, cooked and chopped 4 large eggs, room temperature 1 cup shredded cheddar salt and pepper

1. Heat oven to 340° F. 2. Press the flour tortillas* into four depressions in a muffin tin. Brush with the canna-butter.

3. Take ¾ of the cheese

and divide between the tortillas. Top with chopped bacon. Carefully break eggs and place in each tortilla.

4. Top with the remaining cheese. Sprinkle with the salt and pepper.

5. Bake the eggs until

set, about 10 minutes.

A WEEKEND-ONLY TREAT, ON A DAY WHEN YOU CAN HUNKER DOWN AND THINK ABOUT LUNCH.

BACON & EGG MUFFINS INGREDIENTS 3 ¼ cups water 2 cups steel cut oatmeal pinch of salt 1 banana, peeled and sliced ¼ cup pecans ¼ cup walnuts 2 tablespoons dried cherries 2 tablespoons honey 4 teaspoons canna-butter

1. In a large pot bring the

water to a boil. Add the oatmeal and salt and gently simmer for five minutes. Remove from the heat and let rest for two minutes.

2. Divide oatmeal between four bowls and top with the remaining ingredients.

* If the tortillas seem brittle heat them in the microwave for 10 seconds to soften them. If you don’t have time to let the eggs come to room temperature, place them in a bowl of tepid water for 20 minutes.

TRY TO USE THE BEST QUALITY OATMEAL YOU CAN AFFORD, IT MAKES A DIFFERENCE. STEEL CUT OATS ARE NICE AND CHEWY. SUCH A COZY WAY TO START THE DAY.

OATMEAL WITHTHE WORKS jan. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

/55


REVIEWS by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

Magic Number is an edible company from Bend, Oregon that specializes in medicated ginger beer and cold brew coffee. The ginger beer line has three different strengths: 3mg, 10mg and 25mg of THC which gives consumers of all tolerances a chance to try it. The drink has a strong ginger kick to it, complemented by a complete absence of any Cannabis taste. The effects are sedative and calming and quick to take effect. The high ginger content is also effective for quelling nausea and stomach pains, making this a great option for consumers with digestive sensitivities. Magic Number ginger beers are one of the most cost-effective edibles we’ve found on the market.

3/10/25MG

THC PER BOTTLE $8-$12 EACH

The ginger beers are effective for quelling nausea and stomach pains

Magic Number GingerBeer Line

56/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Available From DrinkMagicNumber.com/locations DrinkMagicNumber THE SCORE

f lavo r va lu e ef f ec t la b el t ota l 18/20


Regulations suck. Our weed does not.

Metric. OLCC. Threats from the Fed. Banking challenges. Non-consumption regulations. Manifests… The list could go on with things we have to do. But what we want to do is supply the best cannabis at the best value. Working together, we can.

Handcrafted Cannabis for Mind and Body.

WEED. DONE RIGHT. It’s about more than cannabis.

Whoa! Eco Firma Farms grows the mad-dawg chronic goodness Y’all!

Find our more about our strains and products visit us @ecofirmafarms.com Dispenseries get you some...sales@ecofirmafarms.com LIC#: 020-10026114352

UID: 1-2-3-4-5-6...6-8-7-9-10...11-12!

Warning: Not having our weed stocked in your dispensary can result in an unprecidented surge of dissatisfied un-stoned customers requesting the mad-dawg EFF chronic goodness, thus seeing a mad drop in your flower sales. Keep the good folks happy, let us hook you up with our shniz, shniz!

Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug. For use only by adults twenty-one years of age and older. Keep out of the reach of children.


OREGON CONVENTION CENTER • JANUARY 17-18, 2018

The FIRST national trade show exclusively for marijuana retail and dispensary owners! WWW.THERADEXPO.COM 425-656-3621


NATIONAL MARIJUANA RETAIL & DISPENSARY EXPO

WHY ATTEND RADEXPO?

Most retail and dispensary owners don’t bother attending today’s cannabis trade shows for a variety of reasons: Admission prices are too high; many vendors are targeting cultivators; the public are allowed in; they lack focus; the same speakers talk about the same tired subjects at every event, etc.

RAD Expo is different. • RAD Expo is a business-only event that is 100% focused on the retail side of the industry.

• Attendance is free for licensed retail stores and dispensaries, as well as qualified applicants in states not yet issuing licenses. • All exhibitors will have products and services aimed at making retailers more profitable. • Our speakers will have serious retail and marketing experience. • It’s a national show featuring businesses from all over the U.S. • Portland, Oregon sits squarely in the middle of the biggest legal marijuana market in the world. (60 million people in California, Oregon, Washington and Alaska.)

Produced by:

M A R I J U A N A

VENTURE


REVIEWS

by WILL FERGUSON @710DENCIES | PHOTOS by @BERMANPHOTOS

SISKIYOU SUNGROWN

FULL EXTRACT CANNABIS OIL THC, 1:1 and CBD varieties Siskiyou Sungrown is one of the only recreationally licensed companies that actively processes Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) also known as Full Extract Cannabis Oil (FECO) for the legal market in Oregon.

The oil is considered an extract, which allows dosing to exceed the 50mg limit set by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) for recreational consumers. The oil comes in a syringe applicator with a suggested serving size equal to a grain of rice. The RSO is fully activated, so it can be used topically, ingested or smoked, providing the user multiple options to find out what works best. With this being one of the most potent and effective forms of Cannabis medicine, it is equally important that the same care that goes into the extraction of the cannabinoids is also present in the cultivation of the starting material. Each plant is grown organically without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, ensuring a clean and contaminate free product. This is especially good for those with compromised immune systems.

60/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

available from SiskiyouSungrown.com/where-to-purchase

THE OIL COMES IN A SYRINGE A P P L I C AT O R W I T H A SUGGESTED SERVING SIZE EQUAL TO A GRAIN OF RICE.

S i s k i yo u S u n g row n @ S i s k i yo u _ S u n g row n THE SCORE

f lavo r va lu e ef f ec t la b el t ota l 18/20


OREGON LEAF

OREGONLEAFMAGAZINE

@ OREGONLEAF


TM

RENEW, REJOICE, #RESIST CHECK OUT THIS GREEN SMOOTHIE RECIPE & OTHERS AT RECIPES.LAURIEANDMARYJANE.COM DO NOT OPERATE A VEHICLE OR MACHINERY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THIS DRUG. FOR USE ONLY BY ADULTS TWENTY-ONE YEARS OF AGE AND OLDER. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN

NOW INTRODUCING THE ALL-NATURAL

FRUITY NUT BARS!

TM

We produce the very best in small-batch, cannabis-infused edibles. Our award-winning products are handcrafted and rigorously tested to ensure delicious and consistently dosed based goods for the Oregon market. Ask for us at your favorite dispensary!

LAURIEANDMARYJANE.COM


glass art

GLASS BY KUSH UNLTD

SABORTOOTH 3.0 REVIEW by @NATEW415 | PHOTO by @BERMANPHOTOS

64/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

Kevin “Kush” Lindsay has been blowing glass since 1993 and began his career right here in the Pacific Northwest in Olympia, Washington. Ignoring the “micro” glass trends of late, this rig stands at 9.5” tall and has a 14mm joint to produce an impressive chug with no splash. This wigwagged heady is truly a special piece and features tons of Illuminati and BlueV, marbles, and horns. It absolutely pops when hit with a blacklight and would be a worthy addition to any enthusiast’s collection. @KUSHUNLTD


OREGON'S FAVORITE JOINT @TKO.Reserve @TKO.Oregon

Ask for Kingpins at your local dispensary


SHERWOOD DISPENSARY $ Home of the 1.3 (503) 610-1380

Medical

499

00

HALF POUNDS

While supplies last, Sherwood medical store only

westernoregondispensary.com

Western Oregon Dispensary 15025 SW Sherwood Rd Sherwood, OR 97140

Medical Only

Gram Hand Rolled Joint with crutch 5 Joints for $ 20 00

Sherwood medical store only

Western Oregon Dispensary 1013 N Springbrook Rd Newberg, OR 97132 (503) 487-6679

Recreational


At this time we are only offering our products to licensed distributors. If you would like to be a processor/distributor in your area please contact: rob@eblunt.com (907) 351-8207

eblunt.com @ ebluntvapes Facebook/ Twitter/ Instagram


Reviews

By STEVE ELLIOTT Editor, Tokesignals.com

TRAVELING HIGH & TRIPPING HARD By JOSEPH DAVIDA, DARK PLANET PRESS, 2018, 211 PAGES

W

hat happens when you take a musician on a quest to find the meaning of life, facing the herculean task of trying to save the world, all while stoking an insatiable wanderlust? Throw in liberal doses of sex, drugs and rock ‘n’ roll, and what results is Traveling High & Tripping Hard. The story of one young man’s quest to find meaning through a series of altered states and high adventures, Traveling High & Tripping Hard is highly unusual, highly unorthodox and highly entertaining. Davida, a former rock musician, isn’t exactly what you’d call an “everyman.” After accidentally ingesting a large dose of PCP at just 8 years old, Joseph had an apocalyptic vision that altered the course of his life forever. He started a voyage of self-discovery that led him both inward and outward. From exploring the jungles of Traveling High Central America, the pyramids of Egypt and & Tripping Hard the Buddhist and Hindu temples of Kathmandu, Davida never wavered in his mission, even serves up a when faced with hardships, doubt and despair. grand reminder A memoir like no other, Traveling High & that the truth is Tripping Hard serves up a grand reminder always stranger that the truth is always stranger than fiction. than fiction. Resplendent with laugh-out-loud moments, awe-inspiring travel tales and staggering stories certain to induce slackjawed disbelief, this is one bold, balls-out, bodacious book. What shines through in this buoyant memoir is the fact that despite Davida’s unusual back story, the concepts, questions, qualms and quandaries he faces are real, relatable and universal. While some may find his particular methods of discovery outrageous, few can deny that at a certain point, we’ve asked the very same questions. And while most of us will probably never pursue such a rigorous quest with quite the same vigor, ultimately Davida’s journey is one that we are all on together. At its heart, a story that approves such universal themes as loss, sense of place, purpose and belonging, Traveling High & Tripping Hard covers the highs, the lows and all the interesting points in between. An engaging, self-aware and often self-deprecating narrator, Davida provides a glimpse into those strange places that lie somewhere between darkness and light, hope, despair, spirituality and madness. A consummate storyteller with a keen eye for detail and unmistakable appreciation of the absurd, the sublime, and the downright inexplicable, Davida delivers a confident and un-put-downable debut. And it turns out, the high cost of traveling is nothing like the cost of traveling high. Davida (the pen name of a successful Nashville-based entrepreneur, former rock musician, and New Yorker) is currently at work on his next book.

68/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF


budshot Grown by Soulshine Cannabis | Renton, WA

These buds were viewed at 50x magnification through a Nikon Diapshot microscope with Nikon D800 camera.

Got sweet garden/bud photos? Share them with us and they might appear here in a feature spread next month! Please email your top 2-3 high-resolution images (use a digital SLR) to nwleaf@gmail.com along with the usual details on who to credit for the strain, breed, grow and photographer!

70/JAN. 2018 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF

ROYAL KUSH Photo by Daniel Turrietta


Oregon Leaf — Jan. 2018  

Happy New Year from Oregon Leaf! We are excited to present our first-ever Strain and Genetics Special Issue! Featuring interviews with breed...

Oregon Leaf — Jan. 2018  

Happy New Year from Oregon Leaf! We are excited to present our first-ever Strain and Genetics Special Issue! Featuring interviews with breed...