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Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy National University of Singapore 469C Bukit Timah Road Oei Tiong Ham Building Singapore 259772 www.lkyspp.nus.edu.sg/iwp

The First Four Years, 2008–2012


OVERVIEW The Institute of Water Policy (IWP) was established as part of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (LKY School) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) on 24 June 2008 by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong to address emerging water policy issues in Asia, and serve as a guide for other emerging economies. IWP aspires to be a hub for cutting edge research, education, public dialogue, and where possible, advice and consultancy on water policy and governance issues. If Asia is to sustain the tremendous social and economic growth the world is currently experiencing, water will have to be at the centre of this dialogue and discussion. Rapid population growth, urbanisation, industrialisation, and global climate change, are pushing the linkages of water to energy, food, sanitation, health, human settlement and environment to the forefront. IWP has an important role to play in increasing the profile of water issues on the development agenda of Asian countries working to achieve their economic and social objectives, as well as in creating sustainable and liveable cities of the future. IWP supports the mission of the LKY School by providing opportunities for education and training of the next generation of Asian policy-makers and leaders in order to raise standards of governance, improve the lives of people in the region, and contribute to the transformation of Asia.

VISION Inspiring leaders, improving lives, and transforming Asia through robust water policy research and education.

MISSION •

Inspire policy-makers to prioritise and integrate water into decisionmaking at and across all levels.

•

Conduct leading research and provide policy advice on pressing water governance issues and train the next generation of water leaders.

•

Build a strong global water policy network to provide sound consulting services to transform Asia.


The First Four Years 2008–2012

2 Message from the Chairman 3 General Reflections on the First Four Years of IWP 4 Our Research 6 Completed Projects 14 Education 15 Outreach 20 IWP Staff and Associates 30 The Way Forward 34 Annex: IWP Research Publications 36 Message from the Dean


Message from the Dean

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy It has been four years since the establishment of the Institute of Water Policy (IWP) at the National University of Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. In that time, IWP has made rapid progress in conducting water policy research, education initiatives, and public dialogues particularly within Asia, and increasingly around the world. In addressing the multifaceted issues relating to urban water policy, management and governance, the IWP has hired multiple researchers covering a variety of disciplines, achieved key objectives and launched key education and outreach initiatives.

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Among other highlights, it has launched the Temasek Foundation Water Leadership Programme that aims to build capacity among 700 upper and middle managers in 22 Asian countries over the next ten years; the inaugural Asian Water Governance Index (AWGI) in the presence of Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom; co-organized the BBC World Debate on water that featured an exciting array of panellists from several sectors; co-directed the inaugural Asia Pacific Water Ministers Forum (APWMF) with Ambassador Tommy Koh; and participated in the Great Lakes Water Consortium (GLWC) - a group comprising academia, government, and the private sector in the Great Lakes area in the United States - that has embarked on one of the most ambitious water-focused academic initiatives in the world. Together with its strategic partner, the Asian Development Bank, IWP co-produced Good Practices in Urban Water Management, a book that contains case studies on eight Asian urban centres (Bangkok, Thailand; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Jamshedpur, India; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Manila, the Philippines; Phnom Penh, Cambodia; Shenzhen, China; and Singapore). IWP researchers also published through World Scientific an edited volume titled Developing Living Cities: From Analysis to Action, establishing a framework of the key attributes required to render a city as a sustained centre for growth and development. Finally, working together with the School’s Research Support Unit (RSU), IWP co-published a special issue of Water Leader and Global-isAsian focusing on floods and catchment management that will reach a wide range of stakeholders attending the fourth Singapore International Water Week, Third World Cities Summit and the inaugural Clean Enviro Summit Singapore in July 2012. With this impressive record, it gives me great pleasure to congratulate the IWP and RSU on the occasion of the fourth anniversary of the Institute of Water Policy. Kishore Mahbubani Dean Professor in the Practice of Public Policy Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy National University of Singapore


Message from the Chairman

International Advisory Panel, Institute of Water Policy

In the past years, IWP has successfully delivered several quality research projects such as Alternative Architectures in Water Governance, Case Studies on Successful Urban Water Management in Asian Cities and soon the Singapore Water Story too. IWP has also strengthened its partnership with key stakeholders such as the Asian Development Bank through more dialogue and research collaboration, while playing a bigger role at each SIWW, in collaboration with the Public Utilities Board (PUB). The Institute has also created a strong platform for further education for policy-makers and water professionals, with its repertoire of executive programmes and water lectures by renowned academics and professionals. These are remarkable achievements considering the youth of the Institute. Water will remain a strategic resource for countries worldwide and the quest for water sustainability will become increasingly intricate and delicate. A keen understanding of governance issues and policy options will continue to be a key consideration to better water resource management. I sincerely hope that the Institute will sustain its efforts to establish a reputation for itself as a leading knowledge hub for water policy and governance, not only in Asia but also world-wide, through cutting-edge research, knowledge sharing and collaborations, complementing the investments in water research and development and the expanding water industry in Singapore and the region. I thank all the members of the International Advisory Panel for their warm support and valuable contributions. With their continued guidance, I am confident IWP will continue to reach new heights. Tan Gee Paw Chairman International Advisory Panel

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My warmest congratulations to the Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, on its fourth anniversary. I am pleased to see that IWP has built a strong foundation since its inauguration at the first Singapore International Water Week (SIWW) in 2008, allowing it to become a thought leader in the areas of water policy, governance, and resource management.


General reflections on the first four years of IWP Since its inception, IWP activities have included research, education, consultancy and organising dialogues and discussions. In the short span of four years, thanks to the inspiring leadership of the Dean of LKY School of Public Policy, Kishore Mahbubani, guidance from its International Advisory Panel chaired by Tan Gee Paw and the financial contributions from the Public Utilities Board (PUB), Singapore’s water utility, and the Tote Board, IWP has earned the reputation for state-of-the-art research and policy analysis, and has collaborated with renowned international researchers on projects relating to water security, water governance and other related subjects.

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The purpose of having IWP in Asia was well articulated at the time of its establishment. “Singapore has become a leader in water technologies and is now exporting such technologies overseas. It has also been recognised for its success in urban water management. As such, the LKY School is well positioned to set up and house such an institute which will provide intellectual leadership on water policy, and undertake relevant research on pressing and long term water policy and governance-related issues.” The relevance of IWP in Asia gains validity every day. The significance of continuing research on water policy is evident from persisting and pressing problems such as: grossly inadequate access to drinking water in many Asian countries, ground water contamination and environmental pollution in the absence of recycling and re-use of water, the absence of valuable insights on water use at the disaggregated industry/ services level because of the lack of extensive research, and the financial viability of urban water utilities within the Asian setting. IWP is the first institute of water policy to be established in a global level school of public policy, the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Through research, education, and outreach IWP has been instrumental in bringing modern water policy concerns and management tools to many of the less fortunate Asian countries. In the future, IWP is well positioned for setting water policy research agendas in Asia.

“Water is one of the biggest global problems today, and the Institute is in one of the best living laboratories in the world. The research we produce will hopefully provide data that will convince policymakers across the region that good water economics is also good water politics.”

- Kishore Mahbubani, Dean and Professor in the Practice of Public Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore’s New Water Policy Institute Has Big Goals, The Straits Times, 25 June 2008


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The significance of continuing research on water policy is evident…grossly inadequate access to drinking water… ground water contamination and environmental pollution in the absence of recycling and re-use of water…


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Water Governance Urban Water Management Water Resource and Sustainable Development Statistics and Economics of Water

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Institute of Water Policy’s Research


Our Research Research is central to all activities and hence has top priority in terms of planning and budgeting. IWP also puts strong emphasis on collaborative and interdisciplinary research. IWP research outcomes have begun to help in water decisionmaking in public and private sector agencies, and in improving efficiency in water governance and management. Anchored by full-time staff in collaboration with internationally renowned researchers and experts, research covers the following: •

Structural, macro and long-term water policy and governance issues

Emerging global trends affecting water policy

Legislative, regulatory and institutional frameworks

Inter-linkages between water, energy and food policies

Water, poverty alleviation and environmental conservation

Economic instruments for water management

Water resources management

Water quality management

IWP works with a network of collaborators from around the world to conduct research on these water policy issues and communicate research results to policy-makers and professionals through conferences, publications and dialogue forums. 8 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

RESEARCh hIghLIghTS: 2008-2012 Since 2008, IWP has successfully brought out more than 130 publications, including edited books, special issues of journals, book chapters, working papers as well as Op-eds.

board of both journals. The publishers of these two journals are now in discussions with IWP to publish one special issue each year. In 2010, the first home-grown monograph Index of Drinking Water Adequacy (IDWA) was launched during the Singapore International Water Week (SIWW). In that year, IWP also started the book project “Singapore Water Story” in cooperation with the PUB. The work was completed in mid-2011. Several papers from this research project will be published in high impact journals. The final product, the book, is expected to be released in January 2013. Another important milestone in 2010 has been the launch of the Asia Water Governance Index (AWGI) by Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom. AWGI was the result of wide-ranging research efforts of Eduardo Araral in collaboration with David Yu, then a graduate student at the LKY School. In 2011, Asanga Gunawansa spearheaded a research project on Public Private Partnership and organized a high profile workshop, for researchers from various countries resulting in a number of important publications including an op-ed that has appeared in Business Times. The first issue of IWP Staff Papers 2011, comprising output from IWP researchers and associates, was released on June 24, 2011, the third anniversary of IWP.

A. Water governance Government – Corporate – Society Models in Urban Water Management Lead Researchers: Rita Padawangi and Chong Su Li Duration: April 2009 – March 2013

In 2008, IWP played a major role by disseminating the key messages of the Asian Water Development Outlook (AWDO) 2007 (authored by IWP Director, Seetharam Kallidaikurichi, and Distinguished Visiting Professor, Asit Biswas) to the government leaders and policy makers at the Inaugural Singapore International Water Week, SIWW. AWDO 2007 was the first major report that made a clarion call that “the problems relating to water in Asia are due to lack of governance, and not due to physical scarcity of water”. IWP supported the translation of AWDO 2007 to Spanish, Russian, Japanese, Chinese and Vietnamese, and the on-line version of AWDO 2007 received more than 25,000 downloads in the first year. In 2009, IWP was a key contributor to the flagship report of The Asia Society on Water Security in Asia, the first report for the Barack Obama administration in the U.S. The Asia Society’s report drew the key messages from AWDO 2007. In 2009, IWP sponsored special issues of two water policy journals: Water Policy and International Journal of Water Resources Management. The IWP Director was also invited to the editorial

This research project on Government-Corporate-Society (GCS) relationships draws lessons on efficacy, sustainability, and service improvement resulting from the partnership and active involvement of the three sectors: public, private, and community. It evaluates the role of community participation in the provision and distribution of water in Asian cities, especially amongst the urban poor. Although the cities may


share common features such as privatisation and regular patterns of participation, each has different levels and types of community involvement due to unique socio-economic contexts. The research thus identifies the social dynamics that drive community engagement based on the community’s involvement and interaction with local and international nongovernment organizations (NGOs), private concessionaires and policymakers. Research analysis will include desk reviews of water and wastewater project reports, case studies and field research.

Asia Water Governance Index Lead Researcher: Eduardo Araral Duration: November 2009 – June 2012

The Asia Water Governance Index (AWGI) is designed to enable water policy makers in Asia to better understand how their countries manage their water resources, in comparison to other countries in the region in terms of legal, policy, and administrative dimensions. Building on the work of Saleth and Dinar (The Institutional Economics of Water, Edward Elgar, 2005), AWGI was based on a survey of 100 water experts from 20 countries in the Asia- Pacific region using 20 indicators of water governance. This project has been noted as a pioneering activity by PUB, which they took into consideration when renewing the funding for IWP. The project has also led to an on-going exchange programme with the University of Paris-Sorbonne on water governance. Two journal papers have come out of this project. One paper was chosen by the NUS Office of Deputy President for Research and Technology from among submissions from NUS to be featured in their April Research Highlight of the Month. The paper was presented

Water Governance: An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures (in collaboration with PUB) Lead Researchers: Asanga Gunawansa, Lovleen Bhullar, and Sonia Ferdous Hoque Duration: January 2010 – June 2012

Typically, governments are involved in the provision of water, and the development and management of related infrastructure functions, either partly or fully. With water increasingly becoming a scarce resource, the effectiveness of governance architecture has become an important issue. Due to several reasons, including the lack of finance, technology and management skills, and the need for mitigating risks, governments in developed and developing countries are increasingly relying on the use of Private Finance Initiatives (PFI) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP) for the development and management of water infrastructure facilities. However, not all partnerships between the public and private sectors have been successful. While it is easy to hypothesise that governance architectures depend on the peculiarities of the country/region/city, the aim of this research project is to come up with recommendations based on detailed study of existing governance mechanism for the development of systems that would enable countries/cities management to develop their water infrastructure more efficiently. Research has thus far been both data intensive, and exhaustively analytical of existing information. The final intended outcome is the identification of feasible water governance and infrastructure development models that can be implemented in different countries, regions and cities, as well as create win-win situations for all stakeholders. The project also seeks to highlight the factors that influence the success or failure of models in a particular context. In addition to research, this project reached a critical milestone in bringing together the world’s experts on governance architectures from the public, private, multilateral, and academic sectors to share their research and insights at two workshops in February 2011 and October 2011 (more information on the workshop is available in the “Outreach” section of this Report). Building on the success of the two workshops, the research team is currently working on a book on water governance, which will be published by Edward Elgar Publishing in 2012.

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In 2011, field visits were conducted in the cities of Jakarta, Indonesia; Manila, the Philippines; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; and Yangon, Myanmar. Papers completed include Yangon Water and Sanitation and Community Participation Projects (with co-author Hnin Wut Yee), The Role of Communities in Water Provision and Distribution: Learning from Jakarta and Manila, and Building Markets through Quenching Thirst: Clean Water Supply for the Urban Poor in Jakarta and Manila. A piece from the study was published in The WaterLeader – IWP’s annual magazine publication – in 2010. A forthcoming paper from this research, titled “Government-Corporate-Society Framework in Water Services for the Urban Poor: A Comparative Analysis of Kuala Lumpur-JakartaManila” was presented at the Stockholm World Water Week 2011: Workshop Seven: Urban Inequities - Service Delivery & Social Development.

in conferences in Paris, Tsinghua and at the NUS. In addition, Tsinghua University in China is undertaking a China Water Governance Index Survey inspired by this project.


People’s Places: Community Activism in Urban Waterfront Redevelopment Lead Researcher: Rita Padawangi Duration: May 2010 – March 2012 The research focused on cities along riverbanks, lakefronts, and later expanded to coastal cities and studied the importance of water bodies in the lives of urban inhabitants. The research looked at efforts to rejuvenate urban waterfronts, especially in how they affected the local population. Three case studies were produced on Metro Manila, Jakarta and Surabaya. A forthcoming publication from this research is “Climate Change and the North Coast of Jakarta: Environmental Justice and the Social Construction of Space in Urban Poor Communities” in the Research in Urban Sociology series. In February 2012, a paper titled “The Quest for the Public City: Citizens, JEDI and the Production of Urban Space in Jakarta Bay” was presented at the “Citizens, Civil Society, and the Politics of ‘Market Building’ in Asia conference at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore. An earlier paper “The Right to Flood-Free Homes: Urban Floods, Spatial Justice and Social Movements in Jakarta, Indonesia” received the Best Paper Award from the International Forum on Urbanism in 2011 and was recently published in Global Visions: Risks and Opportunities for the Urban Planet by the National University of Singapore. In March 2012, Rita Padawangi was invited to join the Young Scholars Forum at “Urban Revolutions in the Age of Global Urbanism” in Jakarta, an Urban Studies Journal Seminar Series that was co-organized by Tarumanagara University, University of Minnesota and University of California at Berkeley. Soft Power and Water: Singapore Perspective Lead Researchers: Heng Yee Kuang and A.M.M. Adeeb Duration: January 2012 – December 2012 10 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

This research aims to explore the ‘soft power’ aspect of Singapore’s development, with regard to development of water resources, including how Singapore tackled its water challenges, turning them into opportunities and developing this into another dimension of ‘soft’ power, and in the process increasing Singapore’s attractiveness as a country to the world. Singapore’s development and positioning as a hydro hub and the impact of the Singapore International Water Weeks, among other aspects, will also be explored in this research. Key Enablers for the Implementation of the Water Safety Plan in the Asia-Pacific Region Lead Researchers: Fan Mingxuan and Chong Su Li Duration: February 2011 – July 2012 To ensure consistent access to safe drinking water, the Water Safety Plan (WSP) is the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) initiative for a comprehensive risk assessment and risk management approach that encompasses all steps in the water supply chain, from catchment collection to its reaching the end consumer. This project seeks to identify the key enablers for the effective implementation of WSP by critically evaluating the national and institutional frameworks and policies that govern water supply in select Asian countries. One journal paper is expected to be completed in June 2012.

B. Urban Water Management Good Practices for Urban Water Management in Asia Lead Researcher: Tan Cheon Kheong Duration: January 2009 – June 2012

Supported by the Asian Development Bank, the Good Practices for Urban Water Management in Asia Project involves developing case studies on eight Asian urban centres that have experienced significant improvements in urban water and wastewater management during 1998-2008, in order to identify good practices in these urban centres. The eight cities are Bangkok, Thailand; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Jamshedpur, India; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Manila, the Philippines; Phnom Penh, Cambodia; Shenzhen, China; and Singapore. The case studies cover issues such as the performance of water utilities in the urban centres; institutional arrangements, legal and regulatory frameworks, and political support; water supply and demand management; wastewater management; storm water management; private sector involvement; financial management; human resource management; customer satisfaction; community engagement; lessons; and the challenges ahead. The Asian Development Bank and the Institute of Water Policy launched a report titled Every Drop Counts: Learning from Good Practices in Eight Asian Cities at the Singapore International Water Week 2010. The report contained key findings of the project. A book, to be edited by Anand Chiplunkar, Seetharam Kallidaikurichi and Tan Cheon Kheong containing detailed chapters on each urban centre is planned for release in 2012. Singapore Water Story Lead Researchers: Asit K. Biswas, Cecilia Tortajada and Yugal Kishore Joshi Duration: February 2009 – April 2012

This project studied the multiple strategies of Singapore to improve its urban water management from that of a third world country from independence 1965, to being one of the best in the world some three decades later. The “story” sketched the journey of Singapore´s development and the role of water in shaping it. It showed the close interrelations between water management and the development of Singapore and the changing role of water in different stages


of development in the city-state. It also analysed what lessons the world can learn from this experience and their potential for application elsewhere. Presentations relevant to this topic have been given in various international conferences and symposium. Two papers have been published in International Journal of Water Resources Development and Journal of the Swedish Academy of Sciences in 2012. In addition, five more papers are under preparation. Urban Water Management in China Lead Researcher: Tan Cheon Kheong Duration: July 2010 – July 2012

This research project consists of a socio-economic evaluation of the ABC Waters programme, an important water catchment and development initiative by the Government of Singapore that aims to improve the connection of the citizens and residents of Singapore to their water resources. The first phase of the study focused on how one of the demonstration projects, namely the Bedok Reservoir, enhances social activities, interactions, and relationships among the residents and visitors to that area, as well as the economic aspects of the surrounding areas. To date, the research methodology and literature review has been presented to PUB, and in the International Perspective on Water Resources & the Environment (IPWE) Conference, 2011. Two short articles have been published in LKY School publications, Global-is-Asian (Issue 12, Jan-March 2011), and The WaterLeader (Issue 02/2010). The research team completed a survey of visitors in Bedok Reservoir in 2011. A research report has been presented to PUB Singapore, which included recommendations for future ABC Waters projects.

This project builds upon the work of IWP’s project on Good Practices for Urban Water Management in Asia, where eight cities across eight different countries in Asia were studied to identify a set of good practices in water management. Shenzhen, one of the cities studied, has proven to be an example of a Chinese city whose water sector has been reformed with encouraging results. The Urban Water Management in China Project expands upon the study of Shenzhen to include other selected cities in China in order to draw lessons and examine what the less successful cities (in urban water management) can adopt from the more successful ones in China and Singapore. An op-ed titled “Learning from Singapore’s Success” was published in the China Daily European Weekly and China Daily USA Weekly in March 2012. Authored by Tan Cheon Kheong, the op-ed discussed the lessons that Chinese cities could adopt from Singapore in water resource protection. Evaluation of Singapore’s ABC Water Programme Lead Researcher: Rita Padawangi Duration: May 2010 – 2012

This is a continuous research for various sites for the “Active, Beautiful and Clean” (ABC) Waters programme, conducted for and in collaboration with PUB Singapore.

A Look into the Water-Energy Nexus Lead Researcher: Shahnila Islam Duration: June 2010 – September 2012 The first paper “Water-Energy Nexus: Some Critical Considerations” gives an overview of the inter-linkages between water and energy and identifies some gaps in the research. The second paper titled “The Impacts of Agricultural Policies on Groundwater Use in India” focuses on the indirect management of groundwater through agricultural policies including energy policies. A summarized version of the impact of agricultural policies on water energy was presented in the XIVth IWRA Congress 2011, Brazil. The third paper in the series focuses on the potential impact of biofuels (in the transportation sector) on water management in India. The paper titled “Implications of Biofuel Policies on Water Management in India” has been accepted for publication in the 2012 International Journal of Water Resources Development.

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C. Water Resource and Sustainable Development


Indicators and Statistics Lead Researchers: Bhanoji Rao, Ngo Quang Vinh, Fan Mingxuan and Priyanka Anand Duration: 2009 – 2010

Building on earlier works, the study aimed to strengthen existing statistical information, and to provide valuable references for measuring and monitoring various aspects of water. Components of the project included the Water and Sanitation Survey in China and India and the Rural Water Survey in Andhra Pradesh in India. The Water and Sanitation Survey in China and India compared water and sanitation data obtained from census and sample surveys in the respective countries. It assessed the usage of various data sources in monitoring the Millennium Development Goals. The Rural Water Survey in Andhra Pradesh examined the drinking water and sanitation situation in the Indian state. Results of the survey were shared with policy-makers to substantiate debates on water and sanitation policies and management practices. The project was completed in 2010. All the papers were published in the IWP Staff Papers 2011. 12 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

Data Book of Water Utilities Lead Researcher: Tan Cheon Kheong Duration: July 2010 – December 2012

The project aims to construct a Data Book to serve as a single platform for comprehensive, reliable and up-to-date data on the performance of water utilities in cities in Asia. A questionnaire survey is being conducted to collect data on performance and other information from about 20 to 30 water utilities. Providing valuable information in terms of data coverage and accuracy, the Data Book will highlight performance indicators useful for performance benchmarking, to which utilities could refer in setting and monitoring performance improvement targets towards sustainable water management. Data is being collected from the utilities participating in the Temasek Foundation Water Leadership Programme from April 2012.

Climate Change and Water: Time for New Thinking in Research? Lead Researcher: A.M.M. Adeeb Duration: September 2010 – October 2011 This paper attempted to review recent research on the synergy between climate change and water, specifically the attention from the environmental science and climate change academic communities. Over 22,000 research papers from the top 12 journals from 2006 to 2010 in these two disciplines were scanned, and 135 papers specifically discussing climate change and water together were analysed in detail. Broadly, the following topics were covered in the papers surveyed: modeling; rainfall, temperature, oscillations and circulations; stream/river flow, runoff; irrigation and agriculture; floods; and related policies. We found modeling studies (on global warming, rainfall, the hydrological cycle) had the most papers, while policy related ones numbered just a few. The majority of research was skewed towards developed countries while developing countries, which are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, received lesser attention in areas that are most important to them, such as floods, agriculture/irrigation and stream/river flow. We concluded by sounding a note of caution about the inherent uncertainties of modeling studies, highlighted the broad agreement on increasing extreme weather events, and emphasised that the adaptation discourse and practice must incorporate both hard and soft measures. We also suggested some new approaches and research areas to tackle the pervasive, multidisciplinary and crosscutting domain of climate change and water. Establishing Datasets to Support Water Policy Studies of Large Asian Rivers Lead Researchers: Lu Xi Xi, Wu Xun and Rita Padawangi Duration: January 2011 – December 2013 The need for effective and innovative micro and macro water policies is more evident now than ever before, particularly in Asia where the growing population and the resulting socio-economic demands on the river basins are threatening livelihoods and development on a massive scale. Water policy recommendations to address these issues, however, are stymied by the lack of data. This project seeks to address this gap in data availability. Over the next few years, the research team will gather comprehensive datasets on 12 large Asian Rivers including the Tarim, Amur, Huanghe (Yellow), Changjiang (Yangtze) and Zhujiang (East Asia), Honghe, Mekong (Lancangjiang), Salween and Chao Phraya (Southeast Asia) and the Ganges, Indus and Brahmaputra (South Asia). Data collection will encompass hydrological, climatological, socio-economic, political, institutional and anthropological activities in these basins. Several case studies will also be developed alongside data collection. To date, a working paper and e-letter have been published in Science magazine. Two articles related to this project have been published in Nature magazine and one article in Biogeoscience Discuss in 2011. Two other papers have been published in 2012 in Natural Hazards. Thus far, the research has focused on Mekong River and Yangtze River basins.


Cooperation on the Ganges: Myths, Obstacles and Opportunities Lead Researchers: Wu Xun and Dale Whittington Duration: 2010 – 2012

to be completed in June 2012.

D. Statistics and Economics of Water Centrality of Water for Human Development Lead Researchers: Seetharam Kallidaikurichi and Fan Mingxuan Duration: July 2010 – July 2012 This research project will complement the current literature on the potential benefits of investing in water (by WHO and UNICEF). It will review the policy making priorities that took the focus of development initiatives away from water, assess the ensuing opportunity costs as well as the negative impacts of doing so, and analyse the reasoning behind these decisions particularly in Asian developing countries. A monograph will be prepared to contribute to SIWW 2012.

A workshop was conducted in Singapore in November 2010 that brought together experts covering the breadth of the Ganges Plain; 12 papers were presented in the workshop. The papers are being prepared in a special journal issue of Water Policy focused on the Ganges. Adoption of Advanced Water Technology: A Review of Desalination Case Studies in Asian Coastal Cities Lead Researcher: Saichon Seedang Duration: July 2011 – July 2012 Climate change risks accompanying rapid urbanization in coastal cities has led to falling groundwater tables, pollution of ground and surface water, inadequate rainfall and frequent destruction of water infrastructure. In order to cope with the severe strain on water supply to meet all needs, several Asian coastal cities have turned to desalination using advanced membrane technologies. Desalination capacity in Southeast Asia has more than tripled over the past 5 years. With Singapore and Australia emerging as successful models of desalination, a review of the suitability of adapting energyintensive, high cost desalination technology for small coastal/ island nations has been evaluated. This project was initiated in mid 2011 to support a student summer research internship project (students from Imperial College London and NUS). Background papers were finished in July 2011 with assistance by two summer student interns. Currently a journal paper is being prepared and is expected

The increasing use of economic valuation and applications in water management analysis often poses technical problems and policy challenges. A large factor in these challenges is that water management and allocation decisions require more complete information about the economic value of water. The objective of this project is to explore the role of economic value in various water policy decisions. The first working paper (March 2011) reviewed the background and methodology of economic valuation and its applications. The second working paper (September 2011) reviewed water pricing practices in selected countries, and developed a framework to be used in supporting the analysis of a case study (water pricing in Vietnam). One manuscript journal paper has been submitted and is in the review process (January 2012). Several international conference presentations related to this project have been made by the Principal Investigators and collaborators during 2011-2012. Water Use Survey and Demand Study Lead Researcher: Saichon Seedang Duration: March 2011 – October 2012 Reliable information on water use and quality, and information on the factors that influence use, is fundamental for planning, developing and managing water resources. As water policy is driven by local needs and concerns, it is necessary to understand the nature of problems in different economic and social contexts. This project studies the dynamics of water management and the challenging issues in the urban and urban-rural context in selected countries in Asia. The first phase of this project focuses on the study of water use and demand in an urban context, and the second phase focuses on the rural-urban fringe. A household survey will be carried out in both phases. Background research and a survey plan are in progress in two pilot cities in Thailand. It is expected that a household survey will be implemented and a final data analysis will be completed around July 2012. At least two journal papers are expected to be published from this research project.

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The Ganges is the most populous river basin in the world and presents both great opportunities and great challenges for its 400 million inhabitants. It is fed by a complex interplay of glacial waters, surface flows and groundwater resources and has massive potential for hydropower, agriculture and navigation, among other areas. However the river is also immensely destructive and climate change is only likely to intensify the existing variability of hydrology in the region. Most critically, the massive potential for cooperation among key riparian countries sharing the Ganges has been largely untapped due to various historical, economic and political factors. In recent years, efforts have been made by various government agencies and research organisations in the region and international organisations, to examine the obstacles to cooperation and cooperative solutions for joint development in the Ganges based on a systems approach and evidencebased policy analysis.

Economic Value of Water in Water Policy Lead Researchers: Saichon Seedang and Ngo Quang Vinh Duration: January 2011 – August 2012


Completed Projects In line with its commitment to education, IWP augments the LKY School’s curriculum by offering popular courses both within graduate programmes for full-time students, and executive education programmes for mid-career professionals. Since its inception, three popular elective courses in water policy continue to be offered for full-time graduate students at the LKY School, including an introductory course in water policy and governance; a course on dynamic modelling for

analyzing and assessing public policy systems; and a course on Urban Water Governance and Management in Asia. A special issue of the International Water Resources Association, IWRA Journal in 2010 featured papers by students of the elective module on water policy and governance. The term papers by students of the dynamic modelling course in 2011 were compiled into an edited volume.

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Institute of Water Policy’s Education Teaching Cases Executive Education Programmes


Education

TEAChINg CASES

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The availability of teaching cases on water management and public policy within the water sector setting is an important step towards a comprehensive education programme to strengthen the knowledge of present and future water leaders. IWP has developed 13 teaching cases since 2008 on water management. Based on actual events in the water sector, these teaching cases bring the real world into the classroom. The cases are used in executive and postgraduate programmes offered at the LKY School. Coordinated by Tan Cheon Kheong, two new teaching cases, namely “Piloting and Scaling Up Innovations: Generation of Energy from Sewage in Surat, India” and “Supply and Demand of Water in Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India”, were completed in 2012.

ELECTIvE MODULES Water Law Governance and Management in Asia: August – December 2011 Delivered by KOH Kheng Lian, LYE Lin Heng, Irene, and Asanga GUNAWANSA, supported by Seetharam KALLIDAIKURICHI and ARARAL, Eduardo Jr Number of students: 16 Water issues are by their nature interdisciplinary, encompassing a wide range of legal, policy, economic, social and environmental aspects. Water is one of the most crucial issues in Asia, exacerbated by mismanagement of water supply, inadequate laws and climate change. This module is focused on legal, policy and financial aspects of urban water management and infrastructure development in Asia. It examines how water is governed at the local and national levels in selected Asian countries, and provides some background on the regional and international contexts. This module is designed to provide perspectives on the legal and policy-related aspects of water governance and management.

In this module, five case studies and working papers were developed by the faculty and associates. Asanga GUNAWANSA, “Urban Water Governance and Management in India: Special Focus on Rajasthan”; KOH Kheng Lian and LYE Lin Heng, “Sustainable Water Supply in Singapore: Legal Frameworks Relating to Water Governance and Integrated Water Resource Management”; Youna LYONS, “Institutional Governance, Policy, Laws and Financing of Water Supply in Phnom Penh”; Ben BOER, “Water Law in Wuhan, Hubei Province, PRC”; Rhea B. REBURIANO, “Water Laws, Policy and Governance in the Philippines: The Case of Metro-Manila”. Water Policy and Governance – January – February 2010, January – May 2011; January – May 2012 Delivered by Asit K. BISWAS and Cecilia TORTAJADA, and supported by KHOO Teng Chye and Seetharam KALLIDAIKURICHI Number of students: 10+11+3 This module provides a fundamental understanding of the root causes of current mismanagement of water at a massive scale, both in terms of quantity and quality, as well as in terms of economic, environmental and health implications. It explores the interrelationship between water and population dynamics, urbanisation, ruralisation, globalisation, free trade, technological developments, economic growth and other relevant issues. The course assesses the impacts and relevance of current global water policy dialogues on issues like poverty alleviation, environment conservation and regional income distribution. Issues such as improper and inadequate water quality management in the entire developing world, management of transboundary and interstate rivers and lakes, economic instruments, legal frameworks and institutional arrangements are considered. The roles of stakeholder participation, public-private partnerships and non-governmental organizations are explored.


Dynamic Modelling of Public Policy Systems: August – November 2009, January – May 2011, January – May 2012 Delivered by T S Gopi RETHINARAJ (’09, ’11), Seetharam KALLIDAIKURICHI (’09, ’11, ’12), John RICHARDSON (’12), supported by Siva RAMAKRISHNA (’09, ’11) and Rehan ALI (’12) Number of students: 33+19+35

The 2011 module focused on using SD to build and study models that are of interest to public policy. Special emphasis was given to understanding the interaction of water, energy and food policies. Further, Khalid Saeed from Worcester Polytechnic Institute, James Thompson from Duke-NUS, and John Richardson from American University, all internationally recognized experts in SD, gave guest lectures during the semester. The students wrote term papers on applying SD to model various problems in cities in Asia. One of the papers, “The Relevance of Urban Dynamics to Singapore’s Success Story: Lessons for Moving Beyond the Crisis”, from the 200910 module developed by Elizabeth Ong and John Richardson was presented at the 2010 International System Dynamics Conference in July 2010 in Seoul, Korea. Selected term papers from 2011 were published in an in-house edited volume in 2012, PP5294: Dynamic Modeling of Public Policy System – Selected Student Papers. Selected term papers from 2012 will be presented at the Inaugural GAI Signature Conference at NUS in June 2012.

The PAE is an opportunity for students to focus on a policy problem of their own preference in greater depth than is available in a classroom setting. Advisor: Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Number of students: 4 •

Andrea Restrepo-Mieth: Socio-political Undercurrents of Water and Sanitation Expansion in Vientiane Capital: Developing an Enabling Policy Framework

Arshad Mirza: Impact Assessment Study for the Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Project in Sayabouly Town, Sayabouly, Lao PDR

Anisha George: D For Development, D for Dowry: Examining the Case of this Unholy Matrimony in Kerala

Olola Vieyra: The Use of Economic Instruments to Improve Water Security in Singapore

Advisor: Bhanoji Rao Number of students: 4 •

Ira Martina Drupady and Murodbek Laldjebaev: Alternative Providers Extending Water and Sanitation Services to the Urban Poor in Asia: Lessons for Private Sector Involvement

Aarushi Sinha: An Exploration of the Methodological and Structural Constraints in Enhancing Data Systems to End Domestic Violence in India

Gopinathan Vinod Nair: Fine Tuning and Scaling up Kudumbashree Micro Finance Programme

Naomi Mary Jacob: Kerala’s Public Distribution System: An Assessment

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 17

This module covers the methods and underlying philosophy of system dynamics (SD) and its application to problems relevant to public policy. Students learn to use Vensim modelling software and build models for understanding and improving behaviour of complex systems. The module draws many examples from demographics, economic growth, water and natural resources management, and environmental systems. The objective, however, is not to learn just the software but to learn a new method for thinking and solving complex problems. Developed by Jay Forrester in the 1960s and popularized by the Club of Rome’s Limits to Growth in the 1970s, system dynamics is already popular in some universities’ curricula. This module uses the generality and flexibility of system dynamics tools to build and study models that are of interest to public policy. Special emphasis is provided for understanding the interaction of water, energy and food policies.

Policy Analysis Exercise (PAE): September 2010 – May 2012 The PAE is a public policy or management study, completed for a client or a target organisation. It is, in essence, the applied version of the traditionally theoretical Master‘s thesis. It requires each student to define and analyse an actual policy issue. In doing this, students develop confidence and competence in meeting the professional demands they will subsequently face.


Independent Study Module: January – May 2011 Advisor: Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Number of students: 1 Shahana Sheikh conducted independent research under the guidance of Seetharam Kallidaikurichi, titled Social Enterprise for Serving Sanitation for All: An Assessment of Selected Models and Considerations for Public Policy. An abridged version in the form of a think piece is published in the third volume of the WaterLeader Magazine, an annual publication from IWP; a complete version was published in the inaugural issue of the peer-reviewed IWP Staff Papers, released in June 2011.

ExECUTIvE EDUCATION PROgRAMMES Highlights for the first four years IWP has also helped advance the knowledge and skills of employees in public, private and non-profit water-related organisations through professional and executive development

18 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

programmes. IWP’s Executive Programmes in Leadership in Water Governance and Excellence in Water Utilities Governance have built capacities of more than 100 mid and senior level managers in water utilities, policy-makers, government officials, consultants, researchers and civil society representing 20 countries. Water Utilities Governance: December 2008 – July 2009 Delivered by Institute of Water Policy Number of participants: 14 This programme was conducted for participants from various cities and provinces in northeast China. It aims to meet the needs of water utilities to cope with the new challenges of institutional, regulatory, and financial environments. The course exposes participants to good practices in water sector leadership and management, state-of-the-art developments in commercial and financial management, and practical experiences to water sector reforms in different parts of the world. An overarching goal of the programme was to build capacity among policy-makers and public sector managers to achieve sustainable water resources development. Leadership in Water Governance: Excellence in Water Utilities Governance, December 2008, and June 2010 Number of participants: 32 IWP’s Executive Programme in Excellence in Water Utilities Governance aims to strengthen capacities of mid

and senior level managers in water utilities, policy-makers, government officials, consultants, researchers and civil society representatives required to cope with new challenges relevant to the institutional, regulatory, and financial aspects of the water sector. The course addresses issues confronting water utilities in many countries, such as increasing and competing demands on water resources, inadequate regulatory capacity and lack of financial resources. It exposes participants to good practices in water utilities governance, practical guidance on effective management practices, and potential strategies to deal with existing and future challenges. Singapore’s water management system, often heralded as one of the best in the world, is used as a live case study for the participants to explore and learn from. The 2008 programme that reached 20 participants from 13 countries in Asia and the Middle East was made possible through the strategic partnership between the LKY School and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Guest speakers

for the programme included Tommy Koh, Chairman of the Governing Council of the Asia- Pacific Water Forum and Ambassador-at-large of Singapore, Khoo Teng Chye, Chief Executive, PUB Singapore, HE Ek Sonn Chan, General Director of Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority, Tony Aquino, then-President of Manila Water Company, Toshio Koike from the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tokyo and Arthur McIntosh, a water expert formerly from the ADB. The 2010 programme was conducted for 12 participants across Asia (Oman, India, China, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and Singapore) who are working on water governance in their respective local authorities. The participants also had a few field trips to Singapore’s Public Utilities Board (PUB) premises to exchange their experience with Singapore’s colleagues. The content and delivery of the course were well received by all participants. Following on the successes of these programme, the Temasek Foundation generously provided funding in 2011 to train 70 highly motivated persons annually from across Asia on a full scholarship. The ambitious Temasek Foundation Water Leadership Programme (TFWLP) hopes to have at least 700 managers and policy-makers trained over the next ten years directly by IWP, with at least 3,500 more trained through the alumni network. IWP conducted two successful TFWLP programmes in October 2011 and April 2012, reaching 70 participants from 7 countries (Sri Lanka, India, China, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Kazakhstan).


Temasek Foundation Water Leadership Programme (TFWLP) Jointly developed by Temasek Foundation, the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore and PUB, Singapore’s national water agency. First run: 10 – 21 October 2011 (30 participants); Second run: 23 April – 4 May 2012 (33 participants) While Asia is entering a new era of unprecedented growth and prosperity, innovative thinking is still required to address a critical health and sustainability issue that is hampering its progress: the growing water and sanitation needs of 3.7 billion people. The Temasek Foundation Water Leadership Programme (TFWLP), developed in collaboration with Temasek Foundation, the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore and PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, has brought together a distinguished team of academics and policymakers to offer a two-week Executive Programme to address these challenges. The programme is designed for water leaders operating in

Asian emerging markets that are adapting to the increasing water and sanitation demands placed on them. It aims to expose participants to the best practices in water utilities governance, practical guidance on managing water utilities effectively, and potential strategies to deal with existing and future challenges. Conducted in a state-of-the-art classroom setting, the programme uses a combination of lectures and case studies to enhance learning effectiveness. Participants have the opportunity to go on site visits, which provide firsthand experience on how Singapore has dealt with challenges in water resource management. Incorporated into the curriculum to enrich the participants learning experience throughout the course of the programme are cases studies and panel discussions among practitioners. There are 35 participants per run, each with a full TFWLP scholarship, for which water leaders from 23 developing Asian countries are eligible. The whole programme lasts for 12 days.

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 19

The programme featured leading academics, such as Peter Rogers from Harvard University, and Dale Whittington from University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, senior experts such as Amy Leung, and Anand Chiplunkar from the Asian Development Bank.


Institute of Water Policy’s Outreach

20 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012


Partnership and Collaboration Advice and Consultancy Dialogues IWP In the Press IWP Speaker Series Conferences, Seminars, Workshops and Debates

IWP is dedicated to continually expanding its knowledge base through extensive collaborative partnerships with public, private, non-governmental, and academic organizations within Singapore, amongst its Asian neighbours, and internationally. Partnerships lead to strengthening and deepening the quality and breadth of research, expanded teaching capability and education initiatives, dialogues and consultancy projects.

OUTREACh – PARTNERShIP AND COLLABORATIONS Local Outreach Nurtured by its partnership with PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, IWP has worked extensively to collaborate with local water institutions within Singapore. In the past four years, IWP has engaged with PUB on a number of initiatives, including the Singapore International Water Week (SIWW), the development of its research agenda, and for education initiatives at the LKY School. Efforts were also made to garner financial and institutional support from a range of local partners including Hyflux, Sembcorp, and Temasek Foundation, and government agencies such as PUB, the National Environment Agency (NEA), and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA). Other local outreach efforts included speaking engagements, hosting roundtables, and engaging and educating the public on water-related issues through its Speaker Series. IWP organised a number of high impact workshops that facilitated intense dialogue between local and international researchers engaging in multidisciplinary research. In addition, a concerted effort was made to engage and employ more local university students in IWP projects. A number of these initiatives are discussed in greater detail in the following sections of this report.

International Outreach IWP continues to make tremendous strides in increasing its international outreach by engaging visiting partners in teaching, speaking and research initiatives at IWP. While such events in FY2008 and FY2009 were modest in number, FY2010 and FY2011 recorded a greater expansion in collaboration. A number of international outreach efforts took place in terms of presentation and dialogues at various conferences, and separately to engage in collaborative research with a number of international universities. While IWP has long had well established ties with Asian and increasingly with Middle Eastern universities, FY2010 and FY2011 resulted in partnerships with universities in Europe and North America. IWP contributed significantly in FY2010 to the development of a university-wide commitment to the use and development of System Dynamics a field pioneered at the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) as a methodology in their research and education initiatives. This is the first of its kind in Asia. At Singapore International Water Week (SIWW) 2011, IWP played a key role in the development of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that was signed between the National University of Singapore and the Great Lakes Water Consortium (GLWC) in July 2011, and will likely be one of the largest water-focused academic agendas to date. The Great Lakes Water Consortium (GLWC) is a growing network of highly regarded universities in the Great Lakes region of the United States with a strong emphasis on water research. The Great Lakes area is home to the world’s largest freshwater resources outside the polar ice caps. Efforts were also made to bring in more ideas and collaboration with universities in the United Kingdom, including the University of London (incorporating the many prestigious schools that fall under its large umbrella), Imperial College London, the University of Cambridge, the University of Oxford and the University of East Anglia.

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 21

Participation in International/Regional Conferences


OUTREACh – ADvICE AND CONSULTANCY IWP undertakes advisory and consultancy roles with government agencies, development banks, NGOs, and other strategic stakeholders on areas also supported by its thematic areas of research. In the past, IWP has completed projects on water resources and wastewater management, new thinking in water governance, and urban water management in Asia. From 2008 to 2012, the Institute completed the following projects: Key Lessons Learned and Good Practices in Water Resource, Water, and Wastewater Management Client: Asian Development Bank Lead Consultants: Eduardo Araral, Wu Xun, Rita Padawangi, and Adele Chen-Zimmermann Output: Research Report This study was commissioned by the Independent Evaluation Department at the ADB. The objective is to improve the likelihood of success in implementing water and wastewater projects, especially in Asia. The project reviewed ADB waterrelated projects from year 1995 to 2008 to identify key lessons and challenges, and shared the findings with the regional departments at the ADB to improve project quality at the design stage. This project is an initial preparatory work for the evaluation of the ADB’s Water Policy. The ADB research report was published in June 2009. Regional Consultation Meeting on New Thinking in Water Governance Client: Asian Development Bank Lead Consultants: Eduardo Araral and Rita Padawangi Output: Conference; Conference Proceedings 22 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

The Institute of Water Policy and the Asian Development Bank convened a major conference to promote a new way of thinking on water governance in July 2009. Researchers were invited to offer a fresh approach to thinking, challenge conventional wisdom and offer path breaking and novel solutions to old problems. IWP defines water governance broadly as the set of water laws, policies, programmes and projects adopted by a country or a state to develop and manage its water resources to meet the current and future needs of its population. Good water governance implies that these laws, policies, programmes and projects are effective, efficient, equitable, sustainable, and are consistent with the Dublin Principles. Indicators of water governance consist of, among others: Water legislations which are updated, integrated and based on water sector assessments; Policies that define water rights, quality standards, ground water use, demand management, resource conservation, participation by various sectors at all levels of society; Clearly defined responsibilities for water sector functions; Effective water regulatory agencies and neutral apex bodies as well as autonomous and accountable water service providers; Decentralised operation and maintenance to water user associations; Policies that promote cost recovery tariffs and tariffs that reward conservation and penalize waste. The conference concluded with a high-level consultation meeting on 4 July 2009.

Good Practices for Urban Water Management in Asia Client: Asian Development Bank Lead Consultatnt: Tan Cheon Kheong Output: An abridged report; an edited volume of eight case studies; three workshops The Good Practices for Urban Water Management in Asia Project is supported by a Letter of Agreement with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to develop case studies on eight Asian urban centres that have experienced significant improvements in urban water and wastewater management during 1998-2008, in order to identify good practices in these urban centres. In this project, researchers developed case studies on Bangkok, Colombo, Jamshedpur, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Phnom Penh, Shenzhen and Singapore. The case studies highlight the types of institutional arrangements, management, and political support that were necessary to make the progress possible; strengths, weaknesses and constraints of each utility; and how the utilities can overcome weaknesses and constraints in the future. Also within the discussion are the appropriateness of the policy, legal and regulatory frameworks; the extent and success of water demand management practices; levels of customer satisfaction; water quality; and wastewater and storm water disposal practices. In the course of the project, the Institute of Water Policy, with support from ADB, organised three workshops in Singapore. These workshops comprised an inception workshop in October 2008, an interim workshop in June 2009, and a final workshop in December 2009. Officials from the eight cities participated in the final workshop and provided their views on the respective case studies. The workshop was attended by the authors of the case studies and managers of each water utility discussed in the case studies. NUS Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative and Ultra-Flo Lead Consultant: Seetharam Kallidaikurichi and Saichon Seedang Output: Research Paper 2012 IWP staff provided “in-kind” consultancy on a water policy research project funded by the Environment & Water Industry Development Council (EWI). The project - Affordable Drinking Water Production for Household Needs Using the Indigenously Produced Nanofiltration Membrane Elements is a two-year collaborative research project between the NUSNanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative and Ultra-Flo Pte. Ltd. Since the research applications could benefit many water scarce or coastal regions in Asian countries, the team plans to produce one research paper analysing the policy impacts of technology adoption in 2012. iBoP Asia Lead Consultant: Rita Padawangi Output: Research Paper The paper “Innovative Partnerships in the Water and Sanitation Sector: Improving Access to Potable Water and Sanitation through Collective Action in the Philippines and Southeast Asia” was reviewed for iBoP


Asia (this term is meant to encompass Science and Technology Innovations for the Base of the Pyramid in Southeast Asia, a project of the Ateneo School of Government in Manila, the Philippines). Launched in 2008, it is a collaborative project between the School of Government of the Ateneo de Manila (AdeM) University in the Philippines and Canada’s International Development Research Centre. United Nations World Water Development 4 Lead Consultants: Seetharam Kallidaikurichi and Priyanka Anand Output: Contributory Chapter for UN Book The United Nations World Water Development Report (UNWWDR), released every three years in conjunction with the World Water Forum, is the UN’s flagship report on water. It provides an overview of the world’s freshwater challenges and tools for solutions.

infrastructure and poor housing, are coping with urban migration issues. As an example of a success story, IWP worked with PUB to include a box on water management in Singapore. The WWDR4 was launched at the Sixth World Water Forum in March 2012.

OUTREACh – DIALOgUES SINGAPORE INTERNATIONAL WATER WEEK (SIWW) The Institute of Water Policy is a strategic partner for the Singapore International Water Week (SIWW), which is the global platform for water solutions. Every year since 2008, nearly 15,000 policy-makers, industry leaders, experts and practitioners congregate in Singapore to address challenges, showcase technologies, discover opportunities and celebrate achievements in the water world. This prestigious event typically features five highlights, including the Water Leaders Summit, Water Convention, Water Expo, Business Forums and the Lee Kuan Yew Water Prize. SIWW: IWP GLOBAL WATER POLICY DIALOGUE Since 2009, IWP has hosted the “Global Water Policy

In 2011, IWP collaborated with the International Water Resources Association (IWRA) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to conduct a joint seminar titled “Urban Water Quality Policies and Governance in Asia”. The output of the session is a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources published in May 2012. In addition, a conference report was published cited as follows: “Tortajada, Cecilia and Shahnila Islam. Conference Report. “Governance in Urban Water Quality and Water Disasters: A Focus on Asia.” Water International, Volume 36 Number 6 (Oct. 2011): 764-766. The event was attended by over 150 people, and included a full-day of events. Its success has spurred a similar programme in 2012, on urban floods and catchments.

SIWW: Blue Paper Every year, the Institute of Water Policy and the graduate students of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy assist PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, in producing the Blue Paper. The Blue Paper summarises major water issues raised during the sessions at the Water Leaders Summit at SIWW. It also serves as a strategic resource for global water leaders in the development of more sustainable solutions. Past Papers have highlighted the importance of finding sustainable solutions to the world’s water and used water problems, including the urgency for good governance, innovative technology and sound finance in ensuring the most suitable water solutions for cities. SIWW: Asia-Pacific Water Ministers Forum The Asia-Pacific Water Ministers Forum (APWMF), organized by Singapore’s Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources and PUB Singapore in close cooperation with the Asia Pacific Water Forum (APWF), aims to make water security a high priority on the agenda of countries in the region. It was held in conjunction with the Singapore International Water Week(SIWW). Ministers and water leaders from prominent

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 23

On UN-HABITAT’s request, IWP contributed a chapter on Growing Urbanisation and Ensuring Water Security: The Housing Challenges in Selected Countries/Cities. This section discussed how cities, already plagued with inadequate

Dialogue”, an annual dialogue event co-located with SIWW. Themed around a current water policy topic, the event brings together IWP and a partner institution to showcase research taking place under that theme. In 2009 and 2010, IWP convened water leaders from around the world along with its research staff to discuss the achievements and challenges of water management. The Dialogues showcased presentations and panel discussions with distinguished guests from the Asian Development Bank, and other partner institutions.


countries in the Asia-Pacific region convene in a Ministerial Roundtable to exchange ideas and review policies with the intention of bringing good governance and sustainable water solutions in their respective countries. Chaired by Tommy Koh, Ambassador-at-Large with Singapore’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Chair of the Asia Pacific Water Forum Governing Council, the Forum also highlights the APWF’s progress in the region thus far and provides a platform for leaders to articulate the region’s most pressing water challenges while providing an avenue for collaboration. IWP often plays a role by providing thought leadership and active moderation. The IWP Director has moderated a session each year since 2009, and IWP researchers also produced a report documenting the proceedings and discussions at APWMF as future reference for policymakers. SIWW: Asia-Pacific Water Forum Knowledge Hubs Launched in 2008 during Singapore International Water Week, the KnowledgeHubs is the Asia Pacific Water Forum’s (APWF’s) network of regional water knowledge hubs. KnowledgeHubs is supported by PUB Singapore, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Each hub is a centre of excellence committed to improving water security in the Asia-Pacific region by promoting knowledge sharing and championing feasible solutions for its priority water topic. Together, the hubs collaborate to generate and share knowledge and develop capacity in more than a dozen water knowledge domains.

24 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

As the regional hub for water governance, the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Institute of Water Policy supports capacity development programmes, research initiatives and consultancy services in that area. SIWW: The WaterLeader This annual magazine has evolved with the institute’s growth. Originally a newsletter-like magazine that largely focused on showcasing the happenings of SIWW in 2010, The WaterLeader has grown into a critically-acclaimed and respected magazine that showcases thinking on cutting edge water policy issues. World-renowned researchers from industry, NGO, government, and academic research are invited to share their thoughts on specific water-related issues, giving them a voice in a conference that largely focuses on industry practice. The 2011 issue featured award-winning researchers from four continents and included companies such as Black & Veatch, and universities such as Harvard, the University of Wisconsin, the Sorbonne, and NUS. The 2012 issue will be a special-double-header, done in conjunction with the LKY School’s signature Global-is-Asian magazine and will highlight flooding and flood-related issues around water policy. Contributors are from five continents and represent a variety of backgrounds ranging from law and policy to pure science and psychology. Moving forward, the WaterLeader will become a part of the Global-is-Asian magazine, with an annual issue being developed on current water policy issues in conjunction with SIWW. SIWW: BBC World Debate - Are We Running Out of Water?

The greatest reach to the general public on raising awareness of water issues was when IWP produced The World Debate: Are We Running Out of Water? in collaboration with the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in June 2010. Nearly 70 million viewers from around the world tuned in to hear a panel of distinguished speakers debate issues surrounding the global adequacy of water. The experts on the panel were President of AQUAFED, Gerard Payen; United Nations Special Ambassador for Millennium Development Goals in the Asia Pacific and former Indonesian Minister of Human Settlements and Regional Development, Erna Witoelar; Chairman of PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, Tan Gee Paw; Distinguished Visiting Professor at LKY School and President of the Third World Centre for Water Management, Asit Biswas; and Israeli Director of the Friends of the Earth Middle East, Gidon Bromberg. SIWW: IWP Booth Every year, IWP hosts a booth at SIWW that showcases research and ongoing work at IWP. In July 2011, Ngo Quang Vinh, Tan Cheon Kheong and A.M.M. Adeeb set up a booth at the Water Expo of SIWW 2011 to promote IWP’s research, education programmes and seminars. Visitors to the booth were particularly interested in IWP’s research focus of water policy and governance, as well as in the Temasek Foundation Water Leadership Programme launched in 2011.

IWP IN ThE PRESS IWP has been featured in the local and international newspapers and television. More than 30 articles featuring IWP’s work have appeared in the media in the last four years. •

The Straits Times, Singapore’s New Water-Policy Institute has Big Goals, June 2008

Asian Water, Water Governance to Get a Boost with Institute of Water Policy, November 2008

The Straits Times, The Ripple Effect of Water Woes, June 2009

The Straits Times, Busting 6 Myths about Water Governance, July 2009

The Straits Times, Pricing the “Liquid Gold” Correctly is the Key, 5 September 2009

Vasantham Channel, Conserving Water, The Effects of Global Warming and Singapore’s Water Policy, November 2009

Spectrum Magazine, Interview on Water-Energy Nexus, February 2010

The Water Leader, The BBC World Debate: Are We Running Out of Water?, November 2010

The Straits Times, Rethinking the 200-Year-Old Flush Toilet, October 2011

The Hindu (Online), It is a Myth that the Poor Cannot Pay for


Water, 17 November 2011 •

Asia 360, Interview with Prof Seetharam Kallidaikurichi, 2012

Deccan Chronicle, Water is Three Commodities: Food, Need and Good, 2 February 2012

China Daily USA, Learning from Singapore’s Success, March 2012

GulfNews, Water Policies Can Help Improve Life, March 2012

(Refer to full list in the annex, IWP in the media).

across the globe. The seminars bring in water policy experts with experiences across disciplines and countries. Since June 2010, the Speaker Series has brought several experts who have presented topics ranging from sustainable sanitation in tropical cities to Water Policy Evaluation of Multilateral Banks. They have represented organisations such as the Asian Development Bank, World Bank, Harvard and Michigan State Universities. Both the practitioner and academic sides of water have been showcased. The seminars have encouraged students and other members of the LKY School/NUS community to participate in the important developments in water policy.

IWP SPEAkER SERIES

CONFERENCES, SEMINARS, WORkShOPS, AND DEBATES

The Institute of Water Policy’s Speaker Series has been established in the past year to engage in public dialogue about many different aspects of water policy in Asia and

Seminar on Water Resources Management, National Institute of Public Administration (INTAN), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 2010

Speaker

Organisation

Designation

Topic

Date

Xianbin Yao

Regional and Sustainable Development Department, Asian development Bank

Director General

Food, Fuel and People: climate change and the public policy concerns for developing asia

Oct 2009

Ursula SchaeferPreuss

Knowledge Management and Sustainable Development, Asian Development Bank

Vice-president

Developing Asia’s (uneven) Progresses in Achieving Millennium Development Goals and Future Challenges

Feb 2010

H. Satish Rao

Independent Evaluation Department, Asian Development Bank

Director General

Independent Evaluation at the Asian Development Bank-Evolution from Audit to Impact evaluation

Mar 2010

David Molden

International Water Management Institute

Deputy Director General for Research

Quenching Agriculture’s Thirst to Meet Future Demands for Water

Jul 2010

Dennis Wichelns

International Water Management Institute

Principal Economist

Virtual Water: A Policy Instrument?

Jul 2010

Gregor Wolbring

University of Calgary, Dept. of Community Health Sciences

Assistant Professor

Water Access, Water Footprint, Ableism and Disabled People

Aug 2010

Shiladitya Chatterjee

Asian Development Bank

Chair, MDG Coordination Group

Progress on Millennium Development Goals

Aug 2010

Patricia Holm

University of Basel, Institute Man-Society-Environment

Professor

Participatory Processes to Meet the Challenges of Fish Catch Decline in Switzerland

Nov 2010

Jinhua Zhao

Michigan State University

Director of Environmental Science and Policy Programme

Uncertainty and Hysterisis in Adapting to Global Climate Change

Mar 2011

John Kerr

Michigan State University

Associate Professor

Potential Pitfalls of Incentive Based Conservation Approaches

Mar 2011

Peter Rogers

Harvard University

Gordon McKay Professor of Environmental Engineering

Water Policy Evaluation of Multilateral Banks

Apr 2011

Okiura Fumihiko

Japan International Cooperation Agency

Director

Water Policy Evaluation of Multilateral Banks

Apr 2011

Anand Chiplunkar

Asian Development Bank

Principal Water Supply and Sanitation Specialist

Water Policy Evaluation of Multilateral Banks

Apr 2011

N.Harshadeep

The World Bank, Africa Region

Senior Environmental Specialist

Water Policy Evaluation of Multilateral Banks

Apr 2011

Christian Leusder

Imperial College

MSc. Exchange Student

Is Water the New Oil: A Cost Based Approach

Aug 2011

Jan-Olof Drangert

International Water Management Institute

Associate Professor, Emer Dept of Water and Environmental Studies, Linkoping University, Sweden

Sustainable Sanitation forTropical Cities

Feb 2012

Jan-Olof Drangert

International Water Management Institute

Associate Professor, Emer Dept of Water and Environmental Studies, Linkoping University, Sweden

New Stratergic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management

Feb 2012

Héloise Pichot

University Paris PancheonSorbonne

PhD student in institutional economics

The Importance of Understanding the Linkage between the Institutional Framework and the Organizational Arrangements for Performances: the Case of the Water Sector in Ho Chi Minh City

Mar 2012

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 25

IWP SPEAkER SERIES


Rita Padawangi was an expert panelist and presented her research titled “Water Management: Good Practices and Lessons Learned”, based on the evaluation study that IWP conducted for the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Network of East Asia Think-Tanks Working Group on Water Resource Management: Singapore, June 2010 This workshop was organized by the East Asia Institute, NUS in June 2010 as a co-located event during SIWW 2010. IWP was invited to present at the workshop along with country experts from ASEAN+3 countries. Fan Mingxuan attended the workshop and presented a joint paper, “ASEAN Plus Three Countries: Challenges and Policy Responses” co-written with Seetharam Kallidaikurichi. Sub-regional (East and Southeast Asia) Forum on MDG: Shanghai, China, July 2010 This workshop was organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute in Shanghai, July 2010. Fan Mingxuan attended the workshop and presented a paper on Monitoring Water Related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in China. 26 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

International System Dynamics Conference: Seoul, South Korea, July 2010 A team from IWP attended the International System Dynamics Conference in Seoul, South Korea to get support from the international System Dynamics (SD) community to set up an SD hub in Singapore, specifically at NUS. The outcome was the formation of a core group chaired by Prof Lui Pao Chuen comprising of a university-wide consortium of academics from all three NUS campuses, which prepared a long-term plan at NUS through the NUS-Global Asia Institute (GAI).

to Frontstage: Place-Making, Protests and the Empowerment of the Urban Poor“ in a roundtable session and explored potential collaborations in the sociology of water. EURA Conference – Understanding City Dynamics: Darmstadt, Germany, September 2010 The European Urban Research Association’s annual conference, 27-29 September 2010 was titled Understanding City Dynamics, held at TU Darmstadt. The conference was attended largely by European urban scholars. Rita Padawangi presented a paper from the Government-Corporate-Society research, titled “The Role of Communities in Urban Water Provision and Distribution: Learning from Manila and Jakarta”. Stockholm World Water Week (SWWW): Stockholm, Sweden, September 2010 The SWWW is organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute annually. Fan Mingxuan and Priyanka Anand attended the conference together with then NUS Vice President (Research Strategy) Seeram Ramakrishna, and presented on IWP’s project on Index of Drinking Water Adequacy (IDWA). Peter Rogers from Harvard University and an NUSGlobal Asia Institute (GAI) affiliate also presented his work on water policy at the event. ADB Water Conference: Manila, the Philippines, October 2010 The Asian Development Bank held their annual water conference in Manila, October 2010, attended by practitioners and policy makers. Rita Padawangi attended the conference and interviewed several key people on the rehabilitation of Metro Manila’s waterways. She also did her field visits to Taytay, Rizal as part of the Government-Corporate-Society research, and to Marikina River.

International Conference on Civic Space: Depok, Indonesia, August 2010 The International Conference on Civic Space was organized by the University of Indonesia in Depok, Indonesia, 4-6 August 2010. The conference was attended by international scholars worldwide. Rita Padawangi presented a paper titled, “Gendered Civic Space: Women in Demonstrations and the Making of Urban Public Space “ in the conference.

Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaption Forum 2010: Bangkok, Thailand October 2010 This forum was organised by the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network and Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok on 21-22 October 2010. Saichon Seedang participated in the Forum to explore potential research collaboration opportunities.

American Sociological Association Annual Meeting: Atlanta, USA, August 2010 The American Sociological Association Annual Meeting 2010 was held in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. One of the largest and most prestigious academic sociological associations, the conference was attended by sociologists from around the world. Rita Padawangi presented a paper titled “From Backstage

IWP Workshop: Cooperation on the Ganges: Barriers, Myths and Opportunities: Singapore, November 2010 This workshop was organised by Wu Xun and Dale Whittington, and hosted by the Institute of Water Policy at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, to bring together a group of top scholars and


researchers to present and debate their research on barriers and opportunities in water resource development in the Ganges, and to publish a selection of their articles in Water Policy, one of the leading international journals on water policy and governance.

IWP Workshop: Water Governance: An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures: Singapore, February 2011 This workshop was part of an ongoing IWP research project being undertaken by a core research team consisting of Asanga Gunawansa, Lovleen Bhullar, and Priyanka Anand. More than 40 participants from the public and private sectors, academia and multilateral institutions attended and presentations were made by international and local experts. The two days of paper presentations and discussions centred on feasible water governance and infrastructure development models that can be implemented in different countries/ regions/cities to create win-win situations for all stakeholders. The workshop also included a field trip to PUB’s NEWater Treatment Plant in Singapore. Deemed a success by the participants, there was a follow up workshop in the fall of 2011. This was a critical milestone in the growing success of the overall research project whose outcome will include a comprehensive book on alternative water governance architectures.

Blue Revolution: Charting South Asia’s Water Future: New Delhi, India, April 2011 Blue Revolution: Charting South Asia’s Water Future was hosted by Observer Research Foundation and held in New Delhi, India. Various topics were discussed regarding different water challenges faced by South Asian countries. Bhanoji Rao made a presentation on Index of Drinking Water Adequacy (IDWA) for the States of India: Trends and Implications. Young Water Talent Symposium: NUS campus, Singapore, July 2011 This one-day symposium aims to encourage scientific enquiry and interaction amongst young, budding scientists and engineers in the water industry. Young professionals and students can discuss and interact with renowned researchers and industry leaders about the best practices, technologies and solutions to address water challenges. Hu Jiangyong was part of the organizing committee of the symposium, held in NUS campus in July 2011. Seminar on Challenges to Global Sustainable Development: RELC, Singapore, July 2011 This seminar was organized by the United Nations Association in Singapore (UNAS), and held at RELC, Singapore on 23 July 2011. IWP Research Associate A.M.M. Adeeb attended and also coordinated a talk by IWP Director, Seetharam Kallidakurichi, for this seminar.

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 27

Symposium on Inter-State Water Conflicts in Southern Asia: Singapore, February 2011 Rita Padawangi participated as a resource person in this symposium in Singapore, organised by the South Asia Programme, the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS) and Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. She presented a paper that showcased an overview of interstate water conflicts.

IWP- PUB workshop: WaterHub, Singapore, April 2011 IWP held a joint workshop with strategic partners PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, which explored present and future areas of cooperation for IWP and PUB, and featured an IWP presentation of its current research. A total of 62 people from IWP and PUB attended the workshop. Prof Fuller facilitated the discussions in which PUB showed deep interest in further collaboration with IWP.


28 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

Stockholm World Water Week: Stockholm, Sweden, August 2011 Rita Padawangi and Chong Su Li presented the findings from the Government-Corporate-Society research at the World Water Week in August 2011, Workshop Seven: Urban Inequities-Service Delivery & Social Development. Along with the themes of the workshop that cover inequities, social development, formal-informal service providers, and the linkages between basic service provision and social cohesion, Padawangi and Chong’s presentation covered the progress and challenges faced in delivering services to the urban poor in Manila, Jakarta, and Kuala Lumpur. The workshop was chaired by Glenn Pearce-Oroz, World Bank and Graham Alabaster, UN-HABITAT, with Thor Axel Stenström from the Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease and Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy from University of South Florida, USA as rapporteurs. XIV IWRA Congress on Adaptive Water Management, Porto de Galinhas: Brazil, September 2011. Asanga Gunawansa (IWP Faculty Associate) presented a paper on, “Right to Water: Water as a Human Right”, at the Law Congress; while IWP Research Associate, Shahnila Islam, presented a paper, “Policy Implications for Groundwater Irrigation in India in terms of water and energy”, at the XIV IWRA Congress on Adaptive Water Management, Porto de Galinhas, Brazil, September 2011. 14th World Lakes Conference 2011: Austin, Texas. USA, October 2011 The 14th World Lakes Conference 2011’s theme was “Lakes, Rivers, Groundwater, and Coastal Areas: Understanding Linkages”, and it was held in Texas USA, from 31 October to 4 November 2011. Saichon Seedang presented her paper, “Water Policy and Ecosystem Restoration: What we can learn from the Great Lakes of North America”, in this conference.

Water Governance: An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures: NUS Kent Ridge Guild House, Sigapore, October 2011 This workshop was held at the NUS Kent Ridge Guild House on 24-25 October 2011. In this second workshop on the subject, organized by Asanga Gunawansa (IWP Faculty Associate) and Sonia Ferdous Hoque (IWP Research Associate), almost 50 researchers from around the world, including 12 of the world’s thought leaders on Public, Private Partnerships (PPPs) gathered to discuss their research conducted over the past one and a half years on the subject. Along with the local experts at the workshop, these thought leaders participated in the Delphi research exercise to engage in a learning process, to debate the key issues with each other and to benefit from the exchange of views. A panel discussion chaired by Seetharam Kallidakurichi, IWP Director; Mohan Kumaraswamy, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hong Kong; and Asanga Gunawansa, IWP Faculty Associate, reviewed the preliminary outputs of the Delphi exercise. World Delta Summit 2011: Jakarta, Indonesia, November 2011 This is the first Summit on World Deltas, which is aimed at strengthening the ultimate resilience of world deltas and hence securing our future civilization. Saichon Seedang and Klok C. attended this summit and presented their paper, “The Potential Role of Ecosystem Services in Policies on Coastal Zone Management: A Comparison of Singapore with Greater Jakarta Bay”. U21 Workshop on Water Reuse: NUS campus, Singapore, November 2011 This workshop brought together top universities from around the world including the UK, Canada, Australia, Hong Kong, Sweden, Malaysia and Singapore to focus on a key topic. In this case, the workshop focused on discussing the important issues surrounding water reuse, and discussed approaches to water reuse and reclamation in the developed and developing world,


PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL/ REgIONAL CONFERENCES

Sustainable Management in Urban Asia: Shaw Foundation Alumni House, NUS, Singapore,December 2011 In celebration of the NUS-M.Sc. (Environmental Management) programme’s 10th Anniversary, the conference provided an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary perspective to the human-environment nexus in urban living in Asia. It focused on some of the challenges before Asian governments in sustaining their urban nodes as creative assets rather than demographic liabilities. Saichon Seedang attended and Professor Asanga Gunawansa helped organise and also presented a paper at this Conference.

World Water Forum 2009

Symposium on Sustainable Development 2009

Economic and Environmental Sustainability Renewable Energy, Climate Change and Sustainable Cities 2009

Food and Water-Basic Challenges to International Stability 2009

International Workshop on Environment & Engineering: Advanced Sustainable Cities 2009

Workshop on Developing Water and Climate Change Adaptation Guidelines 2009

World Toilet Summits 2008 and 2009

The Fourth GEOSS Asia-Pacific Symposium 2010

Public Private Partnership Days 2010

World Urban Forum 2010

International Policy Dialogue on Science and Technology 2011

World Water Forum 2012

Regional Conference on Water and Food Security 2012

Forum on Water, Food and Energy: Phnom Penh, Cambodia, December 2011 The Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy was held on December 7-9, 2011 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The Challenge Programme on Water and Food (CPWF) objective in the Mekong was to reduce poverty and foster development by optimizing the use of water in reservoirs. IWP Faculty Associate and Lu Xi Xi, Dept. of Geography and IWP Research Associate Li Siyue, and IWP Senior Fellow Saichon Seedang attended this conference. Workshop on Citizens, Civil Society, and the Politics of ‘Market Building’ in Asia”: Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, NUS, Singapore, February 2012. In this workshop, Rita Padawangi presented her paper. “The Quest for the Public City: Citizens, JEDI and the Production of Urban Space in Jakarta Bay”. The paper questioned the notion of the public city and citizens’ involvement in waterfront renewal programme, specifically the Jakarta Emergency Dredging Initiative (JEDI) that was funded by the World Bank. Inarguably necessary to mitigate urban floods in Jakarta, the project would affect settlements along riverbanks and dams in Jakarta. The workshop is an initiative of the Centre on Asia and Globalisation at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, led by Toby Carroll. Urban Revolutions in the Age of Global Urbanism: Jakarta, Indonesia, March 2012 The five-day conference discussed three interwoven “urban revolutions” in the global south. The three revolutions are 1) popular urban revolutions; 2) neoliberal revolution; and 3) conceptual revolution. Rita Padawangi was invited to join the Young Scholars Forum of this conference, and shared her work on the topic of water activism and the construction of urban spaces in Jakarta. The conference was co-organized by Eric Sheppard, Ananya Roy, Helga Leitner, Jo Santoso, Anant Maringanti, Vinay Gidwani and Michael Goldman. The conference was supported by Urban Studies Journal and was hosted by Tarumanagara University, in collaboration with the University of Minnesota and the University of California at Berkeley.

PARTNERShIP/NETWORk Asian Development Bank (ADB) •

Research and consulting collaborations

Four Letters of Agreement signed, one under negotiation

Asian Water Development Outlook 2010 Asia-Pacifi c Water Forum (APWF) Knowledge Hub

IWP: Knowledge Hub on Water Governance

Asia-Pacific Water Ministerial Forum PUB Singapore

Singapore International Water Week (SIWW)

PUB Staff as Visiting Researchers

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 29

particularly focused on outlining challenges, opportunities and issues. Hu Jiangyong coordinated in this workshop.


IWP Staff & Associates

30 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012


Director: Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Easwaran Executive and Professional Staff: Bernard Tan Yong Seng (Manager) Pragnya Alekal (Manager) Liew Yihui Andrea (PA / Senior Executive) Su Huiling (Executive) Liyana Binte Suradi (Management Assistant Officer) Kothavari Rajendran (Executive)

2010 From left to right:

2011

Yugal Kishore Joshi, A.M.M. Adeeb, Cheong May Lee, Bhanoji Rao, Seetharam Kallidaikurichi, Tan Cheon Kheong, Pragnya Alekal, Chong Su Li, Saichon Seedang, Lovleen Bhullar, Shahnila Islam, Ngo Quang Vinh, Fan Mingxuan Not pictured: Rita Padawangi, Li Siyue and Lu Xi Xi

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 31

Full-Time Researchers: Bhanoji Rao (Senior Research Fellow & Visiting Professor) Saichon Seedang (Visiting Assistant Professor) Rita Padawangi (Research Fellow) Tan Cheon Kheong (Research Fellow) A.M.M. Adeeb (Research Associate) Chong Su Li (Research Associate) Fan Mingxuan (Research Associate) Ngo Quang Vinh (Research Associate) Priyanka Anand (Research Associate)


OUR ADMINISTRATION TEAM Name

Position

Andrea LIEW (2008-2011) CHEONG May Lee (2011- present)

Personal Assistant to Director

Liyana Binte Suradi (2010) Jamilah Binte S H Mohd Ismail (2009) Su Huiling (2009-2011)

Management Assistant Officer

Judith MAH Ming Choo (2007-2009) Bernard TAN Yong Seng (2009-2010) Pragnya ALEKAL (2010-2012)

Manager

SEETHARAM Kallidaikurichi

Visiting and Founding Director (On Secondment from the Asian Development Bank)

OUR RESEARCh STAFF AND ASSOCIATES

32 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

Name

Position

Department

Email

A.M.M. ADEEB (2010-)

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

adeeb@nus.edu.sg

Priyanka ANAND (2009-2010)

Research Assistant

Institute of Water Policy

-

Eduardo ARARAL

Assistant Dean (Academic Affairs) & Assistant Professor

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

sppaej@nus.edu.sg

Lovleen BHULLAR (2010)

Research Assistant

Institute of Water Policy

-

CHONG Su Li (2009-2011)

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

-

FAN Mingxuan (2009-2010)

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

mingxuan.fan@nus.edu.sg

Boyd FULLER

Assistant Professor

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

boyd.fuller@nus.edu.sg

Sonia Ferdous HOQUE (2011-)

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

sppsfh@nus.edu.sg

Heng Yee Kuang

Associate Professor

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

spphyk@nus.edu.sg

HU Jiang Yong

Associate Professor

Division of Environmental Science and Engineering

esehujy@nus.edu.sg

Shahnila ISLAM (2010-)

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

sppsi@nus.edu.sg

KOH Kheng Lian

Emeritus Professor

Faculty of Law

lawkohkl@nus.edu.sg

LI Siyue (2011- )

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

spplis@nus.edu.sg

LU Xi Xi

Associate

Department of Geography

geoluxx@nus.edu.sg

LYE Lin Heng Irene

Associate Professor

Faculty of Law

lawlyelh@nus.edu.sg

NGO Quang Vinh (20092011)

Research Assistant

Institute of Water Policy

-

Rita PADAWANGI

Research Fellow

Institute of Water Policy

ritapd@nus.edu.sg

John M. RICHARDSON, JR.

Visiting Professor

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy/NUS Global Asia Institute

jrich@american.edu

Saichon SEEDANG (2010-)

Senior Research Fellow

Institute of Water Policy

sppsaich@nus.edu.sg

Bhanoji RAO (2009-2012)

Visiting Professor

Institute of Water Policy

-

T S Gopi RETHINARAJ

Assistant Professor

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

spptsgr@nus.edu.sg

TAN Cheon Kheong

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

spptck@nus.edu.sg

Yugal Kishore JOSHI (2011)

Research Associate

Institute of Water Policy

-


OUR RESEARCh STAFF AND ASSOCIATES Name

Position

Department

Email

WU Xun

Associate Professor

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

sppwuxun@nus.edu.sg

OUR INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATES Name

Appointment

Affiliation

Mukand S. BABEL

Associate Professor and Coordinator

Asit K. BISWAS

President

Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand Third World Centre for Water Management, Mexico

CHANG Miao

Associate Professor

Tsinghua University, China

changmiao@tsinghua.edu.cn

James Paul H. ESGUERRA

Industrial Partners Associate

Ateneo de Manila University – Loyola Schools (AdeM), the Philippines

jphesguerra@yahoo.com

Chennat GOPALAKRISHNAN

Professor

University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA

chennat@hawaii.edu

Asanga GUNAWANSA (2010-)

Adjunct Assistant Professor

National University of Singapore

bdgasan@nus.edu.sg

Juan Miguel LUZ

Associate Dean

Ashwin MAHALINGAM

Assistant Professor

Claude MENARD

Professor

Funamizu NAOYUKI

Professor

Hokkaido University, Japan

funamizu@eng.hokudai.ac.jp

Michael J. ROUSE, CBE

Lecturer; Independent International Consultant

Oxford University, UK

michaeljrouse@yahoo.co.uk

KUPPUSAMY Singaravelloo

Senior Lecturer

University of Malaya, Malaysia

kuppusamy_s@um.edu.my

Yutaka TAKAHASI

Emeritus Professor

University of Tokyo, Japan

y_takahasi_tokyo@yahoo.co.jp

Cecilia TORTAJADA

Vice President

Third World Centre for Water Management, Mexico

cecilia.tortajada@gmail.com

Dale WHITTINGTON

Professor

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA

dale_whittington@unc.edu

INTERNATIONAL ADvISORY PANEL The International Advisory Panel is responsible for providing strategic direction and oversight on the development and management of the Institute. The IAP comprises: CHAIRMAN Mr TAN Gee Paw* Chairman, PUB, Singapore MEMBERS H.E. Loay AL MUSALLAM** CEO, National Water Company, Saudi Arabia Paul BROWN** Executive Vice President, CDM International, USA CHEN Jining** Vice President, Tsinghua University, China H.E. Ek Sonn CHAN* General Director, Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority (PPWSA), Cambodia

msbabel@ait.asia akbiswas@thirdworldcentre.org

juanmiguel.luz@gmail.com mash@iitm.ac.in Claude.Menard@univ-paris1.fr

Peter GLEICK** President, Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment & Security, USA Radm (NS) CHEW Men Leong*** Chief Executive, PUB, Singapore Toshio KOIKE* Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tokyo, Japan KHOO Teng Chye Former Chief Executive, PUB Singapore (2008 – 2011) LIM Chee Onn* Executive Chairman, Keppel Corporation Ltd, Singapore Kishore MAHBUBANI* Dean, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Singapore H.R.H. Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange* Chair of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation Erna WITOELAR* Vice-Chairman, Asia Pacific Water Forum, Indonesia * 2008 - Present ** 2010 - Present *** 2011 - Present

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 33

Asian Institute of Management, the Philippines Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras, India University of Paris (PantheonSorbonne), France

Email


The Way Forward

IWP: ThE FIRST FOUR YEARS (2008-2012) IWP has already made significant contributions to generating, educating and supporting a growing network of international researchers and policy-makers. IWP has done well within the constraints of its human and financial resources. Its work on developing new and innovative policy frameworks must continue in order to make a difference in the lives of billions with inadequate access to clean water.

34 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

Working with LKY School faculty, IWP staff, and external collaborators, IWP must continue producing relevant knowledge for Asian water policy makers. Its outreach and networking programmes must also be strengthened. A key component of the institute’s research agenda in the next five years will address how water governance evolves alongside a nation’s development. This agenda will leverage Singapore’s successful model and available data from PUB. Other critical water governance issues and challenges will also be explored. These issues will cut across the experience of other cities and countries. Therefore, IWP will strongly emphasize comparative research, covering not only Asia but other regions that promise particularly useful comparative theoretical and practical insights. Building on its first four years of work, IWP will continue to provide content for capacity-development programmes and high-impact such as the SIWW. It has created a foundation on which to build its of development as a thought leader, educator, and catalyst in water management.

Astrid S. Tuminez Vice Dean for Research Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

intellectual gatherings next phase policy and


SPECIAL EFFORTS TO CRITICALLY ANALYSE ThE SINgAPORE ExPERIENCE AND DRAW LESSONS

Water will remain a strategic resource for countries worldwide and the quest for water sustainability will become increasingly intricate and delicate. A keen understanding of governance issues and policy options will continue to be a key consideration to better water resource management. I sincerely hope that the Institute will sustain its efforts to establish a reputation for itself as a leading knowledge hub for water policy and governance, not only in Asia but also world-wide, through cutting-edge research, knowledge sharing and collaborations, complementing the investments in water R&D and the expanding water industry in Singapore and the region. Tan Gee Paw Chairman International Advisory Panel

IWP will endeavour to provide a comprehensive package of urban water solutions, based on research on what other countries are doing, how it compares with the Singapore experience, key learning from that experience, and possible enhancements to existing policy approaches. These are important and could possibly take the form of comparative studies between Asian water utilities. Research on Emerging, “Cutting-edge” Topics Further to the concept of cities leading our way into the future, water-related concerns of tomorrow are similarly linked to urban living, for example the increasing urbanisation of water catchments which leads to an increasing need for social awareness and ownership, as well as adequate regulatory framework to ensure satisfactory water quality from source to tap. IWP will strive to be a thought leader on these issues. Other examples include how an increasing urbanisation of catchments calls for a holistic urban planning approach, how to leverage on potential synergies at the various nexuses (e.g. water-energy-waste) to increase efficiency, as well as exploring the link between policy development and facilitating R&D and the adoption of new technologies. Ensuring Policy Impact: The Two Prongs To ensure policy impact of IWP research findings, a two-pronged approach is envisaged. First is the ‘Leadership Programme’ for which IWP has secured funding from the Temasek Foundation. The second refers to initiating policy dialogues and allied activities that promote awareness of problems and likely solutions. Both prongs derive significant inputs from the research output of IWP.

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 35

It is widely acknowledged that the future of Asia will be in its cities. IWP will extend the work on the Singapore Water Story, and provide first-hand knowledge on how Singapore has done well in regard to managing scarce water resources. More importantly, this research will go beyond simple documentation to offer deeper and more critical analysis. Examples of potential studies include those on pricing policies (e.g. how tariff structure evolves with infrastructure development and GDP growth) and private sector participation (e.g. degree of private sector participation in step with industry growth and regulatory development, impact of full privatisation on the water sector).


Annex: IWP Research Publications BOOk REvIEWS AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)

TITLE

DATE

Bhanoji Rao

Review of “Water Management in 2020 and Beyond”

2009

Bhanoji Rao

Review of “Economics of Water Resources, 2 Vols”

2010

CASE STUDY AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)

TITLE

DATE

Asanga Gunawansa

Urban Water Governance and Management in India

2011

Ben Boer

Water Law in Wuhan, Hubei Province, PRC

2011

Koh Kheng Lian & Lye Lin Heng

Sustainable Water Supply in Singapore

2011

Rhea B. Reburiano

Water Law, Policy and Governance in the Philippines: The Case of Metro Manila

2011

Youna Lyons

Institutional Governance, Policy, Laws and Financing of Water Supply in Phnom Penh

2011

B. Chandrasekhar & K.M. Ganesh

Sri Sathya Sai Water Project: Partnering for MDG

2010

Rita Padawangi, Hnin Wut Yee

Yangon Water and Sanitation and Community Participation Projects

2009

CONFERENCE PAPER

36 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)

TITLE

DATE

CONFERENCE

Asanga Gunawansa

Urban Water Infrastructure Development in the Third World: Quo vadis PPP?

2012

The 6TH IWA Specialist Conference on Efficient Use and Management of Water (Efficient2011)

Asanga Gunawansa

Right to Water: Water as a Human Right

2011

XIV IWRA Congress

C. Klok and Saichon Seedang

The Potential Role of Ecosystem Services in Policies on Coastal Zone Management: a Comparison of Singapore with Greater Jakarta Bay

2011

World Delta Summit 2011, Conference paper (being revised for submission to a journal by Chris Klok-Collaborator).

Lovleen Bhullar

Change Adaptation and Water Policy: Lessons from Singapore

2011

International Symposium on Climate Change and Water

Boyd Fuller

Enabling Problem-Solving Between Science And Politics In Water Conflicts

2011

APRU Fellows Programme: The Value of Water Water, Values and Society in the Asia Pacific Region 28 May - 1 June 2012 National University of Singapore

Shahnila Islam

The Role of Agricultural Policies on the WaterEnergy Nexus

2011

XIV IWRA Congress

Li Siyue & Lu XiXi

River’s Role on Carbon Cycling: a Case Study of Longchuanjiang of the Upper Yangtze Basin

2012

Presentation in AOGS - AGU (WPGM)

Rita Padawangi

The Role of Communities in Water Provision and Distribution in Cities in Southeast Asia: Learning from Manila and Jakarta

2010

European Urban Research Association (EURA) Conference, Darmstadt, Germany

Rita Padawangi

Beyond Infrastructure: Modernity in Singapore’s Water Discourse

2011

Asian Urbanisms in the Age of Global Modernity, Global Asia Institute, National University of Singapore

Rita Padawangi

Building Markets through Quenching Thirst: Clean Water Supply for the Urban Poor in Jakarta and Manila

2011

New Approaches to Building Markets in Asia, LKY School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore

Rita Padawangi

The Right to Flood-Free Homes: Urban Floods, Spatial Justice and Social Movements in Jakarta, Indonesia

2011

International Forum on Urbanism, Singapore


EDITED BOOk TITLE

DATE

PUBLIShER

Asit K. Biswas & Cecilia Tortajada

Impacts of Megaconferences on the Water Sector

2009

Springer

Asit K. Biswas, Cecilia Tortajada & R. Rangachari

Water Resourcees of the Indian Subcontinent

2009

Oxford

Asit K. Biswas, Cecilia Tortajada & Rafael Izquierdo

Water Management in 2020 and Beyond

2009

Springer

Belinda Yuen & K. E. Seetharam

Developing Living Cities: From Analysis to Action

2010

World Scientific

Claudia Ringler, Asit K. Biswas & Sarah A. Cline

Global Change: Impacts on Water and Food Security

2010

Springer

K. E. Seetharam & Bhanoji Rao

Index of Drinking Water: International and Intra-national Explorations

2010

NUS Press

Asit K. Biswas & Cecilia Tortajada

Impacts of Megaconferences on the Water Sector

2009

Springer

Asit K. Biswas, Cecilia Tortajada & R. Rangachari

Water Resources of the Indian Subcontinent

2009

Oxford

Asit K. Biswas, Cecilia Tortajada & Rafael Izquierdo

Water Management in 2020 and Beyond

2009

Springer

Belinda Yuen & K. E. Seetharam

Developing Living Cities: From Analysis to Action

2010

World Scientific

Claudia Ringler, Asit K. Biswas & Sarah A. Cline

Global Change: Impacts on Water and Food Security

2010

Springer

K. E. Seetharam & Bhanoji Rao

Index of Drinking Water: International and Intra-national Explorations

2010

NUS Press

IWP WORkINg PAPERS AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)

TITLE

DATE

A.M.M. Adeeb

Water Research Institutes

2010

A.M.M. Adeeb

Climate Change and Water: Time for New Thinking in Research?

2011

Bhanoji Rao

A Ranking Scheme for Water Utilities

2009

Wu Fulan

The Asian Data on Water and Sanitation: An Evaluation

2010

Eduardo Araral

Urban Water Demand Management in ASEAN Countries: Challenges and Solutions

2010

Heng Yee Kuang and A.M.M. Adeeb

Soft Power and Water: Singapore Perspective (working title)

2012

Lu Xi Xi, Li Siyue, Rita Padawangi

Observed Impacts of Dams Operation on Hydrology in the Lower Mekong River

2012

N. Srinivas

Drinking Water Situation in Villages of North Coaster Andhra Pradesh, India

2011

N.Q.Vinh & Saichon Seedang

Economic Value of Water and Water Pricing Policy.

2012

Saichon Seedang

Using Bio-Physical Information to Structure a Groundwater Conservation Credit Offset Programme

2011

Saichon Seedang

Water Policy and Ecosystem Restoration: What We Can Learn from the Great Lakes North America

Forthcoming

Saichon Seedang

Adoption of Advance Water Technology for Adaption to Climate Change: A Review of Desalination Case Studies in Asian Coastal Cities

Forthcoming

Saichon Seedang & N.Q. Vinh

Economic Value of Water in Water Policy

2011

Shahnila Islam

The Water-Energy Nexus: Some Critical Considerations

2010

Sonia Ferdous Hoque & Asanga Gunawansa

Urban Water Infrastructure Development in the Third World: Quo Vadis PPP?

2011

Sonia Ferdous Hoque & Asanga Gunawansa

Right to Water Versus Water Pricing: Challenges in Developing Countries.

2012

Sonia Ferdous Hoque & Asanga Gunawansa

Urban Water Supply Challenges in Dhaka: Potential for Residential Water Conservation using Water Efficient Fixtures

2012

Sonia Ferdous Hoque

Urban Water Sector Reforms in India: Financing Infrastructure Development Through Market – Based Financing and Private – Public Partnerships

2012

Sumantha Sahu

Drinking Water Delivery: A Comparative Study of Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada in A.P., India

2011

Yutaka Takahasi

Flood Management in Japan during the Last Half-Century

2009

Lovleen Bhullar

Alternative Architectures for Urban Water Supply

2011

Lovleen Bhullar

Water Demand Management Through Metering of Public standposts: Opportunities for PublicPrivate-Community Partnership

2011

Chennat Gopalakrishnan

Water and Disasters: A Review and Analysis of Policy Aspects

2010

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 37

AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)


JOURNAL ARTICLES

38 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)

TITLE

DATE

JOURNAL

Arjun Kumar Khadka

The Emergence of Water as a “Human Right” on the World Stage: Challenges and Opportunities

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Asanga Gunawansa & Sonia Ferdous Hoque

Water Governance: An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures

2011

Global is Asian

Asit K. Biswas Cecilia Tortajada

Special Session on Water Management Beyond 2020 for a Changing World, 17 March 2009, World Water Forum, Istanbul, Turkey

2009

Water International

Boyd Fuller Sunil Tankha

Getting things done: bureaucratic and entrepreneurial approaches to the practice of participatory water management reforms in Brazil and India

2010

Water Policy

Cecilia Tortajada & Shahnila Islam

Governance in Urban Water Quality and Water Disasters: A Focus on Asia

2011

Water International

Eduardo Araral

Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency in the Water Sector: Institutions, Infrastructure and Indicators

2010

Water Policy

Eduardo Araral

Reform of Water Institutions: Review of Evidences and International Experiences

2010

Water Policy

Ivy Ong Bee Luan

Singapore Water Management Policies and Practices

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Leong Ching

Eliminating “Yuk”: A Simple Exposition of Media and Social Change in Water Reuse Policies

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Leong Ching David J. H. Yu

Turning the Tide: Informal Institutional Change in Water Reuse

2010

Water Policy

Li Siyue

China’s Huge Investment on Water Facilities: An Effective Adaptation to Climate Change, Natural Disasters, and Food Security

2012

Natural Hazards

Li Siyue & Lu XiXi

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Reservoirs Could Double Within 40 Years

2011

Science

Li Siyue & Lu XiXi

Uncertainties of Carbon Emission from Hydroelectric Reservoirs

2012

Natural Hazards (in press)

Li Siyue & Lu XiXi

Recent Floods Events and Possible Mitigation Policies in Asia Pacific

2012

Water Leader

Li Siyue, Lu XiXi, He M, Zhou Y, Ziegler A D

Daily CO2 Partial Pressure and CO2 Outgassing in the Upper Yangtze River: A Case Study of Longchuanjiang, China

2011

Biogeosciences Discuss

Lu Xi Xi

Cooperation is Key to Asian Hydropower

2011

Nature

Lu XiXi, Yang Xiankun, Li Siyue

Dam Not Sole Cause of Chinese Drought

2011

Nature

Mingxuan Fan & K. E. Seetharam

Water Resources Management in ASEAN Plus Three Countries: Challenges and Policy Responses

Apr/Jun 2011

East Asian Policy, Volume 3 No 2

Murodbek Laldjebaev

The Water-Energy Puzzle in Central Asia:The Tajikistan Perspective

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Peng Shugang

China’s legal System for Water Management: Basic Challenges and Policy Recommendations

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Pong Kok Tian

Urban Water Systems: Factors for Successful Change?

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Rita Padawangi

The Urban Water Course

2011

Euronews-Tomorrow’s City

Saichon Seedang, C. Klok & N.Q. Vinh

Economic Value of Water and Ecosystem Services: Issues and Challenges in Water Policy

Forthcoming

Journal of Ecosystem Services

Saichon Seedang, S. Batie, M. Kaplowitz & P. Norris

Using Bio-Physical Information to Structure a Groundwater Conservation Credit Offset Programme

Forthcoming

Journal of the American Water Resources Association

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi and A.M.M. Adeeb

Viewpoints: On priority political outcomes of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development scheduled for Rio de Janeiro in June 2012

2011

The United Nation’s Natural Resources Forum (NRF) Journal; WileyBlackwell

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Bhanoji Rao

Index of Drinking Water Adequacy for the Asian Economies

2010

Water Policy

Shahnila Islam

The Impact of Agricultural Policies on Groundwater Use in India

2012

Forthcoming

Shahnila Islam

Implications of Biofuel Policies on Water Management in India

2012

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Tristan Sim Tong Ping

Terrorism—A New Perspective in the Water Management Landscape

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development


JOURNAL ARTICLES AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)

TITLE

DATE

JOURNAL

Vinesh Kumar

Water Management in Fiji

2010

International Journal of Water Resources Development

David Brooks

Why a Water Soft Path, Why Now, and What Then

2011

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Yugal K. Joshi, Cecilia Tortajada & Asit K. Biswas

Cleaning of the Singapore River and Kallang Basin in Singapore: Economic, Social, and Environmental Dimensions

2012

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Yugal K. Joshi, Cecilia Tortajada & Asit K. Biswas

Clean-up of the waterways of Singapore: Achievements and lessons learnt, Ambio

2010

Journal of the Swedish Academy of Sciences, iFirst

OP EDS TITLE

DATE

PUBLIShER

A.M.M. Adeeb

The BBC World Debate - Are We Runnning Out of Water?

2010

Water Leader

Bhanoji Rao

Rising Income Disparity and Despair

2010

Straits Times

Bhanoji Rao & Sahana

Singapore’s Water Management: Pragmatic policy flows from solid basis

2010

Straits Times

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi

Re-imagining the Private in Public Services

2009

Straits Times

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi & Eduardo Araral

Busting 6 Myths about Water Governance

2009

Straits Times

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi & Leong Ching

Pricing the “Liquid Gold” Correctly is the Key

2009

Straits Times

Shahnila Islam

The Water-Energy Nexus

2010

Water Leader

Tan Cheon Kheong

Learning from Singapore’s Success

2012

China Daily European Weekly

Tan Cheon Kheong

Learning from Singapore’s Success

2012

China Daily USA Weekly

Tommy Koh & Seetharam Kallidaikurichi

The Ripple Effect of Water Woes

2009

Straits Times

Asanga Gunawansa

Water Governance Options for Developing Countries: Quo Vadis Public Private Partnerships?

2011

Water Leader

Asanga Gunawansa & Sonia Ferdous Hoque

Water Governance: An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures

2011

Global is Asian

TEAChINg CASES AUThOR(S)/EDITORS(S)

TITLE

DATE

LkYSPP SUPERvISORS

IWP COORDINATOR

Anand Madhavan & Supriya Sahai

Visakhapatnam Bulk Water Supply PPP Project

2010

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Tan Cheon Kheong

Tan Cheon Kheong

Ashwin Mahalingam & Ganesh Devkar Satyanarayana Kalidindi

Long-Term Governance Challenges in PPPs: The Case of the Tirupur Water Supply Project

2009

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Tan Cheon Kheong

Tan Cheon Kheong

Ashwin Mahalingam, Ganesh Devkar & Satyanarayana Kalidindi

Creating the Alandur Sewerage System: Project Structuring and Risk Management

2009

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Tan Cheon Kheong

Tan Cheon Kheong

B. Chandrasekhar K. M. Ganesh

Sri Sathya Sai Water Project: Partnering for MDG

2010

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Bhanoji Rao Rita Padawangi

Rita Padawangi

Boyd Fuller & Ora-orn Poocharoen

Panya Dtogthong and a Watergate at Phrak Nam Daeng (A): Phrak Nam Daeng Community and the Dams

2010

Boyd Fuller Ora-orn Poocharoen

Tan Cheon Kheong

Boyd Fuller & Ora-orn Poocharoen

Panya Dtogthong and a Watergate at Phrak Nam Daeng (B): The Next Step: Community-Based Research

2010

Boyd Fuller Ora-orn Poocharoen

Tan Cheon Kheong

Boyd Fuller & Ora-orn Poocharoen

Panya Dtogthong and a Watergate at Phrak Nam Daeng (C): Bridging Local Wisdom and Expert Knowledge

2010

Boyd Fuller Ora-orn Poocharoen

Tan Cheon Kheong

James Paul & H. Esguerra

The Kanayon Multi-Purpose Cooperative

2010

Wu Xun

Tan Cheon Kheong

INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012 39

AUThOR(S)/EDITOR(S)


TEAChINg CASES AUThOR(S)/ EDITOR(S)

TITLE

DATE

LkYSPP SUPERvISORS

IWP COORDINATOR

Leong Ching

Ek Sonn Chan and the Transformation of the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority

2009

Eduardo Araral Seetharam Kallidaikurichi

Tan Cheon Kheong

Supply and Demand of Water in Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India

2012

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Tan Cheon Kheong

Tan Cheon Kheong

Sunder Subramanian & Mahesh Harhare

Mysore 24x7 Water Supply PPP Project

2010

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Tan Cheon Kheong

Tan Cheon Kheong

Tania Tan

A Precious Resource: Water in Oman

2009

S. Vaidhyasubramaniam T. R. Neelakantan

Seetharam Kallidaikurichi Tan Cheon Kheong

Tan Cheon Kheong

OThERS AUThOR(S)/ EDITOR(S)

TITLE

TYPE

DATE

PUBLIShER

Rita Padawangi

Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Keprihatinan Global: Warga Miskin Jakarta dan Pencapaian MDGs

Book Foreword: Si Miskin (tidak lagi) Dilarang Sakit

2011

Forum Warga Kota Jakarta (FAKTA), Indonesia

Asanga Gunawansa, Sonia Ferdous Hoque & Lovleen Bhullar

Private – Public Partnerships in Urban Water Supply Sector: A Study of the Regional Trends

Reaserch Report

2011

SSRN

Tan Cheon Kheong

Every Drop Counts: Learning from Good Practices in Eight Asian Cities

Reaserch Report

2010

Asian Development Bank

Eduardo Araral, Wu Xun, Rita Padawangi & Adele ChenZimmermann

Water Management: Good Practices and Lessons Learned

Research Report

2009

IWP

Saichon Seedang & P. E. Norris

Water Withdrawals and Water Use in Michigan

Research Report

2011

Michigan State University Extension Bulletin

JOURNAL

40 INSTITUTE OF WATER POLICY THE FIRST FOUR YEARS, 2008–2012

Cecilia Tortajada, Asit K. Biswas & Seetharam Kallidaikurchi

Asian Perspectives on Water Policy

Special Issue

2010

Routledge

International Journal of Water Resources Development

Eduardo Araral & Seetharam Kallidaikurchi

Water Policy

Special Issue

2010

IWA

Water Policy


OVERVIEW The Institute of Water Policy (IWP) was established as part of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (LKY School) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) on 24 June 2008 by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong to address emerging water policy issues in Asia, and serve as a guide for other emerging economies. IWP aspires to be a hub for cutting edge research, education, public dialogue, and where possible, advice and consultancy on water policy and governance issues. If Asia is to sustain the tremendous social and economic growth the world is currently experiencing, water will have to be at the centre of this dialogue and discussion. Rapid population growth, urbanisation, industrialisation, and global climate change, are pushing the linkages of water to energy, food, sanitation, health, human settlement and environment to the forefront. IWP has an important role to play in increasing the profile of water issues on the development agenda of Asian countries working to achieve their economic and social objectives, as well as in creating sustainable and liveable cities of the future. IWP supports the mission of the LKY School by providing opportunities for education and training of the next generation of Asian policy-makers and leaders in order to raise standards of governance, improve the lives of people in the region, and contribute to the transformation of Asia.

VISION Inspiring leaders, improving lives, and transforming Asia through robust water policy research and education.

MISSION •

Inspire policy-makers to prioritise and integrate water into decisionmaking at and across all levels.

•

Conduct leading research and provide policy advice on pressing water governance issues and train the next generation of water leaders.

•

Build a strong global water policy network to provide sound consulting services to transform Asia.


Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy National University of Singapore 469C Bukit Timah Road Oei Tiong Ham Building Singapore 259772 www.lkyspp.nus.edu.sg/iwp

The First Four Years, 2008–2012

Institute of Water Policy Annual Report 2008-2012  

The First Four Years, 2008-2012