FARMING Lifestyles November 2013 Edition
13,350 copies DELIVERED FREE to every rural delivery address in Manawatu
Post flood clean-up advice for farmers
No big changes for rural mail delivery P2
Caring for the animals
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Winning way with alpacas Page 6â€“7
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Post flood clean-up advice for farmers Recent gale force winds and heavy rain in the lower North Island left a trail of destruction in its wake, caused road closures and forced residents in some areas to evacuate their homes. And floods have left some farmers with a huge clean-up task.
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Horizons Regional Council incident controller Ged Shirley said the council was aware of some key issues throughout the region and a full assessment was to be done as part of the recovery process. “We have also contacted the Ministry of Primary Industries with a view of outlining the damage to our rural communities following this event.” Farmers facing farm clean-up have been offered advice from Horizons as they deal with rebuilding bridges and culverts, land slips and disposing of dead stock. Horizons regulatory manager Richard Munneke said the council would like to help farmers get through the clean-up phase as quickly as possible. “In light of the floods, if there are minor replacement works that need to be done, we won’t be requiring farmers to get resource consent provided they are rebuilding what was there originally.”
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“However, some of the bridges and culverts that have failed or blown out may have done so because the culvert diameter was too small or the bridge was too low. “In these cases the replacement bridge or culvert may need to have a greater waterway area to prevent future flood damage.” Mr Munneke said if farmers think this may apply on their property, they should phone Horizons for a chat about options to minimise future failures and blowouts. Dead stock should be buried 20 metres from a water course and one metre above the water table. Enquiries about rebuilding of bridges or culverts can be directed to Horizons consents team on freephone 0508 800 800. Visit www.horizons.govt.nz for information regarding flood damaged pasture, slips and re-grassing.
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES November 2013
No big changes for rural mail delivery by Denise Gunn
Country residents can breathe a sigh of relief with New Zealand Post’s decision to keep rural mail delivery to five days a week. With the volume of mail declining over the past ten years, New Zealand Post had earlier considered reducing mail delivery from six to three days. However, it was recently announced that mail delivery to rural areas will be maintained at five days a week while urban areas will drop to three days a week. These changes will apply from mid-2015. Federated Farmers are thrilled by the decision. “This is great news for rural people, as many businesses are still heavily reliant on a five-day service,” said Federated Farmers national president Bruce Wills. “New Zealand Post and the Government have clearly listened to our members concerns and we are pleased that they have recognised the uniqueness of the rural business model in their Deed of Understanding.” As a legal arrangement between the Government and New Zealand Post, the Deed of Understanding sets out certain obligations for the stateowned enterprise. “Whilst technology is changing the way we communicate and eventually we will see a decline in postal deliveries, we are not there yet,” said Mr Wills. “There are still some 86,000 rural people off-line, where rural post is a daily fixture in the running of their business and household. “We would like to thank all parties involved for highlighting the unique situation that rural New Zealand is in when it comes to postal delivery.” Rural Women New Zealand are also delighted the rural delivery service will remain uncompromised. "In our submission, which Minister Amy Adams has acknowledged, we highlighted that the rural delivery is so much more than just a mail service and anything that threatened its sustainability would have widespread unintended consequences," said Rural Women national president Liz Evans.
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
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by Denise Gunn
Animal therapist, Fenella Grigsby, has always loved animals. All tyP tyPeS of BuildiN BuildiNg Work lArge & SmAll New Builds to Complete Renovations
he grew up in the Cotswolds, Gloucestershire in the United Kingdom where her parents raised a beef herd. Horses, dogs, cats and poultry also featured on the farm and the family regularly went horseback riding together. Her childhood growing up around animals proved to be an ideal foundation for Fenella. She has combined this passion with bodywork therapy skills and training to reduce their pain and increase their mobility. After suffering a head injury in 1996, one week before she was due to begin studies at Bristol University, Fenella’s interest in bodywork began.
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Fenella was finding it intensely painful to lift a small glass with her right hand. “This led me to receive McTimoney Chiropractic treatment from Gabrielle Swait at the Cotswold Chiropractic Clinic in Cheltenham, UK.
Fenella has always loved animals
“A few sessions and I was away.” Shortly afterwards Fenella travelled to New Zealand to groom and play polo with Nick Jones in Auckland. “This is when I fell in love with New Zealand.”
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On her return to the United Kingdom, she completed five years of study at the McTimoney College of Chiropractic and spent two years with registered animal physiotherapist Sarah Stafford. Another two years study followed to complete a Postgraduate Diploma in Animal Chiropractic from the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University (RMIT). “Prior to this, I studied human sports therapy and massage at Gloucestershire University (GLOSCAT), UK, providing techniques I use to help people here
“In the past, crude forms of animal manipulation have been used by untrained people, which runs the risk of injury to the animal, either by techniques themselves, or due to underlying conditions being undetected,” said Fenella. “Unfortunately, for the consumer it is often difficult to distinguish between those who are qualified in their field and those who purport to be.” The Animal Chiropractic Program at RMIT University, run by the Australian Veterinary Chiropractic Association, offers training in treatment of dogs and
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A variety of animals have benefitted from Fenella’s bodywork treatment
horses using chiropractic techniques. Horses, dogs, cats, alpacas, cows and pigs have all benefitted from Fenella’s bodywork treatment. Although she used to travel extensively throughout the North Island offering animal therapeutic services, Fenella now concentrates on caring for patients in the lower half of the North Island. She travels to clients from her Taihape base. “One of my equine clients had a few problems with a selection of the cows on the dairy farm she managed,” said Fenella. “Interesting cases are the treatment of dairy cows that have collapsed and are unable to stand by themselves. “The cows responded well to treatment and their standing and walking did improve substantially.” Fenella has also had success treating pigs for reduced mobility through the spine. She offers human sports therapy and massage too. “I sponsor the show jumpers, Robert Steele and Lydia Quay, by providing musculoskeletal therapy and support for their horses and themselves,”
said Fenella. I guess I love treating high performance athletes, however, I love it just as much when I can help reduce pain and increase mobility in a kid’s 12hh pony, or see the difference in the demeanour and well being of a Huntaway who has had an unfortunate incident with a cattle beast or a quad bike.”
“This u nv e i l s possible contraindications,” she said. A gait analysis and palpation of the entire body follows. “If no contraindications are revealed, the appropriate treatment is likely to go ahead.” Fenella plans to further her studies through either Otago or Auckland universities. “In the meantime I am exploring routes to be an Alexander Technique teacher as I feel this will further help people I come across. “I am humbled by the powerful tools I have learnt that help to improve a patient’s health and wellbeing.”
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
with alpacas by Denise Gunn
Lars and Heather Olsson’s interest in breeding alpacas has spanned more than a decade.
fter an initial introduction to alpacas at the Home and Garden Show in Palmerston North in 2001, the couple were instantly captivated and decided they would like to buy two. They went home, did some research and one year later two female alpacas arrived on their property. Their first
cria, a female Suri, was born within the first month. The couple began their alpaca stud, on the outskirts of Palmerston North, through breeding Huacayas and crossing Suris over them. Suris were quite rare at the time and it was difficult to purchase them.
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“Then it was evident Suris were the way for us to go, so we eventually sold off our Huacayas and concentrated on Suris only,” said Heather. Suris represent between five to ten percent of alpacas worldwide and the fibre is known for its distinctive lustre. Their fleece is predominantly used for weaving into exclusive garments. “The Suri definitely appeals to us because of
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their exquisite, silky, soft fibre, and the drape and lustre that is seen in a woven garment is exquisite,” said Heather. “They are inquisitive and regallooking on a windy day when the wind drapes their full fleece around. “Also, farming alpacas is relatively easy as they don’t need much looking after.” The couple settled on naming their alpaca stud after the Swedish island of Gotland. Lars grew up in Orebro, Sweden, and travelled to Gotland on an annual basis to stay with his uncle and grandparents, helping out on the farm.
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES November 2013
trophies and were just half a point away from the supreme winner. “We were very proud to win Champion Junior Male Suri and Best Fawn Suri with our young male, Gotland Royal Flush,” said Heather. “It was a close call between him and the winner of the supreme in the line-up.” Youngstock, both males and females in a variety of colours, are always for sale at Gotland Alpacas with prices starting from $400. The couple have already sold one female to Belgium and aim to export more top quality animals all over the world.
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In an endeavour to boost herd numbers, Lars and Heather bought a herd of 14 American registered Suris in 2004. The stud’s genetics now vary from a wide range of well-known winning Suris in the alpaca industry. Gotland Alpacas currently has 55 Suris with close to 15 crias due this spring. The Olsson’s have found their 18 acre property, with a combination of flat and rolling pasture, suits alpacas. The farm is divided up into 16 paddocks, all accessible to a main race with pens and a shed. Heather said the alpacas soft padded foot doesn’t pug the ground and the animals graze only on short grass. “We offer hay or chaff only, as a substitute when the pasture is dry or in the winter when they like to go in the shed for shelter.” Hay is grown annually on the property. The alpacas are checked on a daily basis to ensure all are well. Females are moved every few days, on a threeweek rotational turnaround, to rest the paddocks and give the grass time to grow. The males are moved weekly. Heather said they’ve been fortunate enough to breed good, healthy stock which goes with routine husbandry including vaccinations and occasional worming, if needed.
“If ever they are not up to our standard, they are culled out and we would only breed from the healthiest.” Lars and Heather shear their own alpacas. “We prefer to shear ourselves, at our own pace and can get 15 done in one day,” said Heather. “It’s a good opportunity to assess which ones are of outstanding quality.” The couple skirt and clean the fleeces before being sent off with a fibre pool and sold overseas, generally to Europe or North America. A few stud males are available on the property and these are continually updated as quality shows through with improved genetics. “This is evident in the showring where we are exposed to the very best and strive to get our herd constantly even in micron and with a low standard deviation.” Each year, Lars and Heather compete at the National Show, which is held alternately in the North and South Islands. They also compete all over the North Island and have won numerous supreme championships with their animals and fleeces. Recently at the World Alpaca Expo held in Hamilton, the Olsson’s were awarded Champion Finest Fleece. They also won three reserve championship
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Bugs can’t handle big clover An article on the development of clover by AgResearch published in November 2003 starts with following. ‘If there is one thing New Zealand couldn’t do without, it would have to be white clover’. While it doesn’t seem like an obvious one for the top 20 list of ‘essential survival items,’ white cloverbased pastures underpin most of New Zealand’s milk, meat and wool production in a quiet unassuming way. While clover contributes around $3 billion annually to the New Zealand economy and each one per cent improvement in yield has been estimated to be worth more than $20 million. White clover is integrated into pastures to improve nutritive value and animal intake rates, as well as provide low-cost nitrogen for pasture growth. It has also been a key in the development of New Zealand’s low cost livestock farming systems. Without white clover, livestock production in
New Zealand would depend solely on fertiliser nitrogen. This has obvious environmental consequences.” Ten years on the question has to be asked. Why have the fertiliser policies pushed by the two major fertiliser companies and endorsed by the major advisory groups been based on the dependence on fertiliser nitrogen when it is well known that clovers suffer as a result? One reason that has been forwarded so far is that clover flea and weevil have done such damage that the clover in pasture is incapable of fixing sufficient nitrogen for high performance farming. Eco-Logic soil Improvement has an increasing number of properties nationwide that use DoloZest/CalciZest total nutrient programmes, and produce based on Overseer, permanent pastures growing up to 19.3 tonne of dry matter annually. A recent farm walk on one of these properties was to examine the damage on some of the small clover plants in the sward. Under a magnifying glass eggs laid by insects could be seen, however the long strong-stemmed
large leafed clover, some as tall as our redbands, were unaffected. After an hour or so spent walking the property the farmer summed up the situation with the following statement: ‘The bugs can’t handle the big stuff,’ and on the evidence of what we were seeing he was correct. Bugs and disease perform the function of ensuring that weak plants do not breed making sure that the plants that do are capable of withstanding the pressure of high performance pastoral farming. An article published within the last twelve months recommended farmers in the Canterbury region to apply nitrogen fertiliser as the clover flea and weevil had followed dairy farming to the district. It is highly unlikely that fleas and weevils know, or care, what animals are grazing the pastures they currently share. Their ability to flourish is due to an increase in the amount of clover weakened by current mainstream farming practices of which the regular application of fertiliser nitrogen plays a central role. It doesn’t have to be the case and the change to a CalciZestbased clover friendly nutrient programme that grows more total pasture with a more even spread of pasture throughout the year can be made seamlessly with a noticeable improvement in quality and animal performance within a month after implementation. The most recent independent report, done for the 2011–12 season, showed the property monitored grew 30% more pasture and produced 38% more milk solids than district average. The cows on that property also ate 15.3kgDM to produce a kilogram of milk solids compared to 19.5kgDM for the district average, with an increase in profit of 38%.
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES November 2013
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and early October. With only two sales in each of September and October and lambing in full swing, crossbred wool types offered were limited, however a good quantity of hogget wools opened up in very good order.
Wool Perspective From Rob Cochrane GM, Procurement, PGG Wrightson Wool
Continued demand drives market momentum A continued demand for wool kept market momentum extremely positive during the past month with the majority of lots offered at auction sold to the exporting trade, and only very limited numbers passed in for failing to meet grower reserve levels. Wool supplies have remained tight and brokers’ pre-season estimates of likely bale numbers available for each auction, have to date been well over-stated. To put everything into perspective, when brokers and exporters meet to discuss the season ahead and draft a schedule (or roster) of auction sales to be held, there is usually a reasonably accurate assessment of availability formulated using historic numbers, changing land use patterns, total sheep
number forecasts, growing conditions and a few ‘seat of the pants’ feelings in regard to how the market is likely to be driven. This then gives the meeting the ability to allow for a fair and reasonable number of bales which will be ‘re-offered’ during the season after failing to meet grower or broker expectation at the initial offering. This season, with almost full clearances from the auctioneer’s rostrum, there have been very few re-offered lots in comparison to past seasons and therefore very little wool remains unsold on grower account. Prices for most types remained in positive mode with crossbreds generally enjoying lifts of between one and three percent sale-on-sale, during September
Whilst the market was very healthy, the spread of prices across the main crossbred micron categories, assuming similar wool length and style, between approximately thirty-two microns to thirtyeight microns, was covered by around thirty cents per clean kilogram. A slight premium could be observed for finer types, again of similar length and style. Main lines of crossbred oddments in many cases received prices only slightly below body wool values, on a clean price basis, with demand extremely busy. A small but very well grown quantity of Corriedale and Halfbred wool types offered was also received enthusiastically by the trade and prices remained firm throughout the month to six-week period. Fine wool types also received improved prices as the month progressed, a reflection of solid demand for Australian fine wools during the same period, and as the main selling season continued demand from local exporters appeared to particularly reward growers
for well prepared lines displaying good combing length and tensile strength. The market place will be closely monitored as it proceeds towards the summer shearing period and no doubt exporters and processors will be keen to observe what condition post-lamb shorn types are in when they come forward for sale. With a reasonably good lambing experienced throughout the country, many fleece wools will be carrying some degree of tenderness and cotting, and growers should be taking care that their in-shed preparation ensures sound wools are kept separate from tender wools and that overall length of each line is reasonably even. If growers are unsure they should liaise with their wool rep in conjunction with their shearing contractor well prior to shearing commencing. With the Canterbury A&P Show fast approaching there will be plenty of country folk gearing up for a week of competition, socialising and celebration. On behalf of PGG Wrightson I take this opportunity to wish all competitors well and invite clients of the company to call in to our site and enjoy our hospitality. That’s my view.
Meet Your Local Wool Representative at PGG Wrightson Wool
Want to find the best way to market your wool? Expertise is only a phone call away PGG Wrightson Wool Ltd handles in excess of 350,000 bales annually through its wool store network strategically positioned around New Zealand and its export company Bloch and Behrens.
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES November 2013
What causes facial eczema Facial Eczema is a disease caused by fungal spores from the fungus Pithomyces chartarum that produce a toxin which when ingested by cattle can lead to the damage of liver and bile ducts. This fungus (FE) can cause lower milk production and occasionally death from liver damage. The damaged liver is unable to rid the body of wastes and the breakdown product of chlorophyll build up in the body causing sensitivity to sunlight, which can then lead to inflammation of the skin. The first signs of FE usually show up as a drop in milk production soon after the intake of toxic spores (sub clinical FE). Other signs may include cows being restless at milking time, seeking shade and licking their udder. As facial eczema becomes more obvious, another drop in milk production may be seen and exposed un-pigmented skin may thicken and peel. Especially prone are the white areas on cattle, teats and udder and inside the hind legs may also be affected. It is important to remember that not all animals may show physical signs of clinical facial eczema, but some may have had liver damage occur (sub clinical FE). Facial eczema spores are produced when minimum grass temperatures are above 12° for two or three nights and humidity is usually high — this can occur in the months (January to May). The fungus grows on soft matter in the base of the pasture, so hard grazing during this period of increased spore activity may also increase the risk of spore uptake by cattle.
Prevention should start early with zinc treatment, ideally two to three weeks before the spore growth danger period, for the most beneficial protection. One product that is suitable is Zinc 50 from Vetpak, it is a free flowing Zinc Oxide 50% liquid suspension to aid in the treatment and prevention of facial eczema in cattle and sheep, and is ideally suited for drenching or adding through an inline water medication system. Zinc 50 is suitable for long-term daily dosing until the pasture to be grazed is safe from fungal spores.
Roaring mad about Johne’s disease in your deer?
Zinc 50 has a nil milk withhold period and is suitable for dairy cows. Zinc 50 is available from your local veterinarian. Another product in the Vetpak stable is Green Apple Flavouring, which is a ready to use liquid flavour additive designed to mask unpleasant tastes such as zinc oxide. Green Apple can be added to drinking water, dry feed or mineral drenches such as zinc oxide or magnesium sulphate/chlorides and this makes it an ideal partner when using zinc products to treat facial eczema. Green Apple Flavouring and Zinc 50 are both available from your local veterinarian.
So are we!
Contact the Johne’s Consultant Network and JML on 0800 456 453 for a tailor-made Risk Management Plan to suit your deer unit and a comparison of your productivity figures with local and national averages
November 2013 MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
9 10 40 things I’ve learned 11 Whakatane supervisor of two dairy farms of 500ha, also running horses emus goats poultry and drystock, has learned 40 things about fertiliser, soil and organic principles and he runs his land on these. He says he thinks this is the only answer for a sustainable future.
SOIL is the stomach of the plant: please don’t feed it chemicals. We are a reflection of the soil’s health.
EIGHTY to ninety-five percent of plant yield comes from the atmosphere, while only 2–5% comes from the soil (sources vary).
FERTILISER programmes must be based around the calcium content of your soil. If base saturation calcium is below 60%, you will virtually have to purchase fertiliser ad infinitum. Urea and other soluble fertiliser products are deadly to soil fungi.
SOIL fungi are responsible for retaining 100% of available calcium in the soil. It is a fallacy that one tonne of lime, or another product, is required to move soil pH by one point. The soil microbes have the ability to move the pH of your soil without the physical input of calcium.
NOT all N, P, K, Mg, S etc is the same. Organic forms are far superior to chemical forms, and some chemicals are worse than others. The bio-available forms of nutrients are the only healthy options.
THE correct base saturation figures for pasture are: Calcium 68%, magnesium 12–15%, potassium 3.5–5% and Sodium 0.5–1.5%. Many New Zealand soils are well below these figures. For tree crops, vines and berries, including strawberries, increase potassium to 5–7.5%. Once these conditions have been met fertiliser requirements will drop substantially, and soil pH will auto-correct to about 6.4 when the above conditions are fulfilled.
SOLUBLE phosphorus products kill vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (VAM). Mycorrhizal fungi can increase the roots’ effectiveness by up to 1,000 times, and plants grown with VAM have superior nutrition.
IT IS extremely important to get functional calcium levels up. Calcium is responsible for carrying other minerals into the plant, however too much calcium can tie up other nutrients and cause deficiencies. Limit applications of agricultural lime to 500–1000kg/ha for one application. Limit fine lime to less than 400kg/ha.
IF LUCERNE, oats and similar crops have hollow stems, calcium is lacking and yield will not meet potential.
ADEQUATE calcium also translates into better stock growth rates and weight gain.
AN organic fertiliser programme must feed the microbes first, which will then feed the plants. Microbes include bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, protozoa, nematodes, algae, ciliates, arthropods and earthworms.
BACTERIA have a carbon — nitrogen ratio of 5:1 which means for every six bacteria eaten, five parts of N are released. Nematodes are 100:1, so for every 20 bacteria eaten, 19 parts of N are released into the soil. This is why it’s so important that the soil is in balance.
MOST chemical fertilisers kill or reduce microbes, causing imbalances.
THE number of earthworms in the soil is an excellent visual sign of a healthy soil, and they can produce 30–300 tonnes/ha of casts per year. Worm casts from 20 worms per spade square contain 5xN (1.2t/ha), 7xP, 3xMg, 11xK and 1.5xCa, far more than ordinary soil (62 earthworms per square metres). Sulphur, iron, zinc and trace elements also increase. Pasture fibre increases by over 100%.
THERE are about 2,240,000kg of soil in a 1ha paddock, down to 150– 175mm deep. SIXTY percent of the sugars manufactured in leaves are dumped into the roots at night. Because sugar content in leaves is highest then, endeavour to cut hay or silage in late afternoon or evening.
FIFTY percent of that sugar is exuded into the soil to feed the microbes. Microbes in turn make minerals available to the plant. The nutrient responsible for that happening is boron. Boron, along with selenium and cobalt, is commonly deficient in New Zealand soils.
CALCIUM and boron are synergists so lime is more effective with boron added.
FERTILISER and lime are more effective with carbon added. Carbon is food for the microbes, and carbon sources are aged sawdust, aged bark, rock dust, humates, charcoal, compost etc.
BRIX levels are a measurement of soluble solids (superior nutrition). Urea-fed pasture tends to have low Brix readings. The minimum reading for pasture to be able to resist pests and diseases is 12, while an excellent pasture will measure 24. A bee will not work flowers/nectar with a Brix level below seven, otherwise it will expend more energy in collection than it will get back.
To find out more about Agrissentials best on fertilisers phone 0800 THE KEY that’s 0800 843 539 today for a FREE INFO PACK or you can contact your friendly representative Ben Tippins (North Manawatu) 021 738 601 or Lyn Woodcock (South Manawatu/Wairarapa) 021 0204 3028 to find out how we can make your farm more successful. There’s never been a better time to call us with our spring sale on now, that’s got massive nationwide FREIGHT FREE DEALS (some conditions apply) on bulk units of Rok Solid, Roketlime and Oceans 100. HURRY — Offer ends this month!
PART ONE OF TWO
MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
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Independent contract milkers Dairy farmers employing contract milkers and having proceeds paid directly to the contract milker through their dairy companies, could find that their contract milkers are employed and bound under the 1937 Sharemilking Agreements Act which was introduced by statute of Parliament. This lower order Sharemilking Agreements Act allows men and women to be independent contractors without having to own dairy cows to enter into the New Zealand dairy industry. Many over the years have purchased their own farms. A dairy farmer employing a contract milker as an independent contractor, who receives his remuneration by so much a kilogram of milk solids (this is called a Walsh agreement), could if a dispute arises over the terms of the engagement, come under the jurisdiction of the 1937 Sharemilking Agreements Act and its terms. There is also the risk of the IRD not accepting that the employees are deemed as independent contractors and have sought PAYE reimbursement payments from farmer employers who have entered such agreements.
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There is a big difference between the status of an independent contractor and that of an employee. The independent contractor must meet the control tests, the independence test, the organisation or integration test, the intention of the parties and the business test or the economic reality test. This involves whether the independent contractor works for other people or clients, supplies his or her own tools or equipment, has direct responsibility for the profits and risk of the business, hires or fires whoever he or she wishes to help do the job, pays accounts for taxes and government and professional fees and most importantly, advertises and produces a GST invoice directly to the farmer for the work that has been done. Any dairy farmer engaging an independent contractor to milk the cows
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Comes with tail gate, auto tail gate release, spreading chains, swivel tongue, 1 x 5 stage ram, 500 high sides, on 400 x 60 x 15.5 wheels, deck size 4.2 x 2.4, 2 piece sides and tool box. Extras available: Steel deck, brakes, hay extension, safety chains. Normally $21,000
Comes with tail gate with lifting eyes, auto tail gate release, swivel tongue, front ladder, tool box, decksize 4.4m x 2.4m, on 500x50x17 tyres, 1 x 5 stage ram, 600mm high 2-piece sides. Extras available: Trailer extension, steel deck, brakes, tail lights, safety chains, hydraulic tail gate release. Normally $27,500
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or to do work on the farm, should ensure that payments are made directly to the contractor on the presentation of a GST invoice and the contractor provides a payment receipt. The intention of the parties is important. This test looks at the intention of each party to the agreement regarding the nature of the relationship.
Dairy farmers using contract milkers under the Walsh agreement, do so in an endeavour to circumvent the 1937 Sharemilking Agreements Act, because they feel that under the variable order the cost of labour is too high, particularly under 300 cows or less where a minimum of 22% milk price only, must be payable to the sharemilker.
The fact that a written contract states that a person is an employee or an independent contractor, may indicate the intention of the parties but is not determinative. If the actual circumstances point to an employment relationship, then simply labelling it an independent contract will not alter the actuality.
Walsh agreement payments have ranged from as low as $1 per kilogram of milk solids upwards, and in many cases this is not sustainable remuneration.
The fundamental test looks at factors such as whether the type of business or the nature of the job justifies or requires using an independent contractor. Is there a time limit for completing a specific project. Can the worker be dismissed. Who is legally liable if the job goes wrong. Usually, an independent contractor agrees to be responsible for his or her work. He or she cannot usually be ‘dismissed’, although the contract can be terminated if it is broken.
Farmers of New Zealand encourages dairy farmers looking for managerial employees to use the Sharemilking Agreements Order 2011. It is still the best way to encourage the next generation into farm ownership with the support of the banks and the farmer retains management control and it specifies the relationship and the obligations that must be carried out by the dairy farmer employer and the sharemilker. Farmers of New Zealand provide free contracts and professional advice to our members.
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Burkhart Bale Feeder. Comes ready for work, no bearings, 400cc motor will turn even the ugliest bales round or square. Good for the next 20 years. Extras available: Roll bar for square bales
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Williams 7,000 litre effluent tanker t Huge air craft tyres on single axle, still working ........................................ $9,950 Giltrap 5000ltr effluent tanker Excellent order, could use paint, other wise ready to work, single axle. Bloody good buying ..................................... $9,500 replacement $30,000 6 tOnne BurkHart trailer 1 As is.............................................................................................................. $8,500
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES ADVERTORIAL
Wanganui’s best kept secret
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With the highest 2012 NCEA Level 1 pass rate in Wanganui, Wanganui Girls’ College continues to be one of the region’s best kept secrets. While many students sit in classrooms with 30+ students, Wanganui Girls’ College’s small class sizes and innovative methods raise achievement in a number of ways.
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Firstly, teachers can work more closely with each student and tailor the curriculum to suit each girl’s needs, rather than the other way round. Secondly, the girls’ only environment eliminates a host of teenage distractions best kept out of class-time. Thirdly, tailored programmes offered in the Learning Centre ensures exceptional achievers and those struggling can receive one-on-one support and guidance. Fourthly, the College’s school-wide academic mentoring programme provides extra layers of pastoral and curricular care, meaning every girl can reach their potential in every sphere of life. Complementing these strategies is Ad Astra Hostel, which offers
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a ‘home away from home’ environment where on-going guidance ensures support at an anxious phase of life when many girls will be living away from home for the first time.
wider issues impacting their development. By sharing common concerns, staff and hostel work together to ensure teaching and curriculum are moulded to suit students, not the other way round.
Despite the Wanganui Girls’ College’s excellent examination results, the school and hostel isn’t just about academic performance. The goal is to educate every sphere of each student.
Principal, Vivianne “Advantages of a small closely with an on-site flexibility and getting to needs of each student.
Sporting excellence, nutritional health and community spirit are all vital ingredients required for growing our next generation. Each week, small groups of students meet with their individual mentor to discuss
Academic mentoring allows students to tell us what support they need. We can then devise programmes that meet those needs to ensure every student reaches their potential in a range of disciplines.”
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Where Girls Shine
Farm Venture is a farm property investment and supervision company based in Taranaki with investments in Taranaki & King Country. The main land use is with dairy cattle producing above the top 10% of productive performance in the areas farmed. Substantial returns are achieved through increasing the productive capability which in turn creates large wealth gains and allows higher returns through a lower cost of capital.
Wanganui Girls' College and Ad Astra Hostel
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The only persons who may subscribe for securities are persons excepted or exempted from being members of the public in terms of section 5(2CBA) of the Securities Act 1978 (NZ) (the Act).
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Wheels MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
Motorcycle experts shifting gear
For the past quarter century, riders on two and four wheels alike have relied on Palmerston North's big name in parts and repairs to keep them moving. That name is ‘Big Al’ — because Big meaning Big Al’s has expanded and has shifted from Tweed St to 25a Bisley Street
Wreckers of all Road, Trail, Farm Bikes and Quads. Full Service and Repairs on all makes of Farm Bikes. Frame Repairs, Plastic Welding, Rebuilds New and Used Parts for most Models FOR SALE. Also FOR SALE Secondhand Two Wheeler and Four Wheeler Bikes and Quads
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• ROAD • ATV • Wreckers
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Al’s Motorcycles is the town’s biggest wrecker of offroad bikes, street bikes and quads, as well as a trusted supplier of second-hand machines across all makes and models. But twenty five years of experience has come with twenty five years of expansion, too. That’s why Big Al’s have recently moved their entire operation from their original headquarters in Tweed Street to new premises in Bisley Street — not just to re-organise space and spruce up presentation, but also as a chance to modernise and streamline their business. Riders from the road to the back blocks will still find a huge range of parts on hand, with Big Al’s legendary ability to source hard-to-find components unchanged. The company have also expanded their workshop facilities,
that no matter how big the knocks your machine has taken, the frame welding, plastic welding and engineering masterminds at Big Al’s have you covered. In the worst case scenario, the team will buy bikes which have ‘reached the end of the line’, providing a nice head-start on purchasing one of their reconditioned and reliable second hand range. With Palmerston North sitting at the hub of one of the nation’s most vibrant rural areas, there are plenty of farmers (and recreational riders) who have come to rely on Big Al’s expertise over the years. With new premises, and the same great level of service, they are still your first choice for all things to do with motorbikes and quads — especially at this busy time of year for agriculture, when downtime for any machine, big or small, is better off avoided.
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The Audi A6 BiTDI quattro with free S line sports package valued at $8,300. With amazing all-wheel drive capabilities, Audi quattro vehicles are perfect for exploring our land of plenty. Especially with incredible offers on selected models like the A6 BiTDI quattro, featuring a 3.0 litre bi-turbo diesel engine and 8-speed Tiptronic automatic transmission delivering stunning performance. The FREE S line sports package consists of the S line exterior styling package, 19” alloy wheels, sports suspension and Valcona leather upholstery. Plus the first 50 Audi quattro models sold come with two complimentary pairs of HEAD skis valued at $3,200. So, why not visit us or audi.co.nz/quattro to discover these special offers for yourself and set off on an unforgettable journey? A6 3.0 BiTDI quattro S line $139,900 plus on-road costs. Optional LED headlights shown. Offer available whilst stocks last.
The New SQ5 BiTDI. The New SQ5 BiTDI. The New SQ5 BiTDI. This month sees the introduction of the new Audi SQ5 BiTDI
This month sees the introduction of the new Audi SQ5 BiTDI quattro. This sporty, high-performance SUV arrives in early quattro. This sporty, high-performance SUV arrives in early April andmonth bringssees withthe it aintroduction great deal ofofanticipation and This the new Audi SQ5 BiTDI April and brings with it a great deal of anticipation and excitement. That’s because not only is it theSUV first ever diesel quattro. This sporty, high-performance arrives in early excitement. That’s because not only is it the first ever diesel S car, it’sand alsobrings the first ever SUV. Its April with it aSgreat deal3.0 of bi-turbo anticipation and S car, it’s also the first ever S SUV. Its 3.0 bi-turbo (twin-turbo) diesel engine delivers power excitement. That’s because not 230 only kW is itof the first and everadiesel (twin-turbo) diesel engine delivers 230 kW of power and a massive torque that S propels it from 0 – 100 km/h S car,650Nm it’s alsoofthe first ever SUV. Its 3.0 bi-turbo massive 650Nm of torque that propels it from 0 – 100 km/h in an astonishingdiesel 5.1 seconds. (twin-turbo) engine delivers 230 kW of power and a in an astonishing 5.1 seconds. massive 650Nm of torque that propels it or from 100 km/h Contact us today to arrange your test drive, in out0of– town. Contact us today to arrange your test drive, in or out of town. in an astonishing 5.1 seconds. Contact us today to arrange your test drive, in or out of town. *Weekly payments are based on 25% deposit over 48 months with 35% residual. Finance company terms and conditions apply. For the latest Armstrong news and events visit us on Facebook and Twitter | www.facebook/armstrongsNZ.com
MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
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Serious power to tackle the backyard jungle Like that other American icon Harley Davidson, Bad Boy mowers began with a couple of visionary inventors, an idea, and a good old-fashioned ‘man shed’ — the kind of place where great things are welded up out of steel and tube. Phil Pulley and Robert Foster envisioned a new kind of mower, and set out to build it using a mixture of optimism and engineering know-how. Now the Bad Boy mower company is the single largest manufacturer of zero-turn mowers on the planet, proving wrong those many early naysayers who called their product ‘overbuilt’ and predicted a swift demise for the company. Far from being overengineered, the aim of the Bad Boy’s rugged construction is to make it durable as well as functional, a design feature lauded by users, who find the Arkansas company’s machines to be more reliable than those of many competitors. By 2002 the Bad Boy operation had upshifted to a 36,000 square foot factory, and today the firm needs a whopping 850,000 square feet of research facilities, factories and warehousing just to keep up with demand. The range has expanded along with the machinery and real estate needed to produce
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it too — now there are Bad Boy machines for all kinds of outdoor tasks, from practical diesel units to the full-featured, bright orange ‘Outlaw Extreme’, perhaps the only zero-turn mower in the world with a race-car style spoiler. As with all of their models, operator comfort has been given just as high priority as mechanical accuracy — in fact, the Bad Boy mowers designers have worked hard to make sure that they themselves would be happy to put in a full eight-hour day behind the controls, day in and day out. Bad Boy have satisfied the demands of the famously lawnproud American market, and are now available here in New Zealand too. Whether for commercial applications, or to tackle the sward on your lifestyle block or large property, these mowers epitomse the same kind of attitude as Mr Harley and Mr Davidson’s twowheeled creations — the product of US engineering and enterprise at its best.
Offer available at participating Holden Dealers on Trax, Malibu and VF Commodore for private customers only. Ends 30 November 2013 and not available with other offers. Includes: 3 years/45,000kms standard scheduled service (whichever occurs first) in accordance with your service warranty booklet: 6 years/130,000km warranty (whichever occurs first); and 6 years roadside assistance from date of vehicle registration. Vehicle must be serviced by a Holden Dealer or Holden Authorised Service Centre in order to qualify for the extended manufacturer’s warranty.
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MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES November 2013
FA R M W H E E L S
Work hard, play harder this summer It’s a well known fact that Polaris ATV quads work hard — both those and their ‘big brothers’ in the side-by-side configured Ranger series are now a common sight on Kiwi farms, putting in a hard day’s yakka. But there’s another side to off road power which has been the focus of intense design and development by the Polaris engineering team — the mudslinging world of pure recreation. There’s a sense, with the new Polaris Scrambler 850 that those folks in the design department have been given free rein, eschewing some of the practicalities needed for farm labour in lieu of more aggressive, race-tuned styling and handling. Nothing else could explain the fierce looks and the high-output growl of this terrain-dominating machine, which is already garnering great reviews from competition riders and weekend trailriders alike. It all begins with a seriously reworked power plant — a parallel twin fuel-injected overhead cam mill tuned to churn out a full 77 horsepower, and mated to a CVT box which prioritises sheer corner-to-corner acceleration. Knowing that airflow is key to performance, the Scrambler’s creators have also made sure to fit a sports-tuned exhaust system
— with the added benefit of amplifying that visceral fourstroke sound. Power is delivered to the ground in smooth chunks, via a suspension setup created in partnership with racing heavyweights Fox, and incorporating their podium series shocks. With a full twelve inches of ride height, and over ten inches of travel in its custom-designed rolled rear suspension, the Scrambler is made to glide over the most gnarly terrain, gripping hard with specially commissioned sports tyres. Of course, as a Polaris, you can expect plenty of electronic wizardry to smooth the ride as well. Not only is the Scrambler 850 available with EPS power steering, it also packs a true all wheel drive system which delivers maximum power to all wheels as soon as the rear wheels begin to slip. That mean less time slamming levers and buttons, and more time slamming through the turns and through the mud!
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Ian Crawford Mob 0272 207 701
TARANAKI & WANGANUI INDEPENDENT FERGIE TRACTOR SPECIALISTS
MASSY FERGUSON FORD SAME LANDINI ISEKI VALTRA MATBRO INTERNATIONAL MERLO DAVID BROWN RENAULT URSUS JOHN DEERE Morris NZ sign [3000 x 600] - 110213_Layout 1 11/02/2013 14:11 Page 1
the winning formula since 1869
PRICES TOO HOT TO PRINT
Come into Courtesy Ford with your Farmlands card before the end of December 2013 and be prepared to be amazed at the massive savings you will get on all new Ranger models.*
DECISIONS, DECISIONS If there’s one thing that we’ve learned over the years, it’s that no two farms are alike. So with a range of 65-120 hp, we are offering you two different tractor series –each with a wide range of options you can mix and match to fit your exact needs.
ON FARM SERVICING
DRIVE TO THE CONDITIONS
TRACTOR & MACHINERY SERVICE & REPAIRS
CALL YOUR LOCAL JOHN DEERE DEALER TODAY:
JULIET STREET 06 765 5690
PALMERSTON NORTH 58 BOURKE STREET 06 350 0042
cervusequipment.co.nz 0800 333 734 TM
Finance available through John Deere Financial Ltd to approved applicants only. Fees and charges are payable. Images are sample only and accessories may not be available on NZ models.
Courtesy Ford P 0800 367 333 | courtesyford.co.nz email@example.com Palmerston North | Levin | Feilding
MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
whole tree chipping & stump grinding • 400hp Tracked Chipper • 700hp Chipper • Self Feeding • Chips trees up to 90cm diameter • 6x6 trucks • Excavators with tree shears & grapples
• 750hp Horizontal Grinder • Grinding stumps/ forestry slash • 400hp Tracked Stump Grinder/Mulcher • Grinds stumps any size • Land clearing
Quick, clean, efficient tree removal
Ask about chipping your own animal bedding Peter 027 500 9878
0800 022 044 A Breed Above The Best!
www.walkermowers.co.nz Contact us now for a brochure pack or to locate your nearest dealer so we can show you our extensive range of Lawnmowers and Engine and PTO powered Wood Chippers.
0508 36 77 83
MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES November 2013
HERE’S HOW YOU CAN HAVE YOUR DREAM KITCHEN COME TRUE AND SAVE $1000’S…
THINK REFACE IT BEFORE YOU REPLACE IT!
Cell-X Super Antioxidant...Multi Mineral...Multi Vitamin How can Cell-X help you? •
Support antioxidant defences to help fight the free radicals that cause health decline. Cell-X has 11 powerful antioxidants, a full multi-vitamin (A, B complex, C, D, and E) plus all 50+ minerals needed for healthy cell function. Supports heart health and promotes circulation. Supports good eye health Helps natural energy and vitality.
SHOWROOM NOW OPEN – BEATTIE ST, FEILDING
Visit Our Website www.dreamdoors.co.nz Inspiring Ideas, Before & After Images and Testimonials
– DREAMDOORS® are N.Z. leading Kitchen Cabinetry Facelift Specialists - transforming your tired, dated looking kitchen into a fantastic WOW factor looking space within days – not months, & save you $1000’s with new doors, drawer fronts, panels & bench tops – All Your cabinetry is 100% N.Z. made backed with a full 10 Year Guarantee – NO IMPORTS! – We also design & install complete NEW Kitchens, Bedrooms & Bathrooms for You using state of the art 3D designing systems – You can also select from our huge range of sinks, taps, handles, appliances, tiles & storage solutions – WE can provide You with a Finance Plan that suits your needs – FREE No Obligation In-Home Kitchen Appraisals
Call Hugh NOW and
book your FREE In-Home No Obligation Kitchen Facelift Appraisal TODAY... 0800 236
Best Buy 3 pack for
$66.25 per bottle freight free (total $198.75)
each bottle is 2 months supply per person or 1 bottle for $74.95 (plus $5.10 P&P)
AMAZING KITCHEN FACELIFTS
National Kitchen & Bathroom Association - NZ
“Cell-X is the most comprehensive and effective multi antioxidant, vitamin, and mineral avaliable. Thousands use Cell-X in New Zealand and Australia today.”
To find out about what is in Cell-X go to www.abundant.co.nz
To order, To order phone 0800phone 423 559 0800 423 559
or go to www.abundant.co.nz
Manawatu Rural Marketplace Country Lifestyle Block Services Based in Tokomaru south of Palmerston North we have over 60 years combined farming/contracting experience, so we can offer a complete range of services and advice. Please visit our web site to see a full list of services we offer. David - MOB 027COUNTRY E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Walter - MOB 021 720778 WEB www.clbs.co.nz
TOKOMARU PALMERSTON NORTH COUNTRY LIFESTYLE BLOCK SERVICES
CRAMP–STOP For Muscle Function – A Natural Approach
• Fast acting • Easy to use • Good safety profile Use fast acting CRAMP-STOP at any time – during the night, during or after sport. Spray once under the tongue and repeat in 30–60 seconds if necessary.
FOR MORE INFORMATION OR FOR YOUR LOCAL STOCKIST CALL TOLL FREE 0800 620 600
Available from CRT, PGG Wrightson, Farmlands UV Protected Polycarbonate. Fits on any container with a flat surface. Instructions supplied with the fitting.
New Zealand’s Best Rock Picker NZ Importer and Operator
Kivi-PeKKa We are looking for work Book now for this season – Buyers Welcome Call Now Dean 027 550 7986 Office 06 329 3900 A/h 06 323 1279 Email email@example.com
0800 808 820
114 Rata St, Inglewood 65 Eliot St, New Plymouth 41 Princes St, Hawera
REPAIRS TYRES EXHAUS
06 357 3363 | www.pulseautomotive.co.nz 85 Campbell Street, Palmerston North
LAWN MOWING & GARDEN CARE • STOCK CARE & DRENCHING • ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION • FERTILISER ADVICE/APPLICATION • GENERAL MAINTENANCE & REPAIRS • WEED SPRAYING • WATER MAINTENANCE •
TRUCK & 4WD DISMANTLERS
END OF MAYNE STREET, WAITARA
Phone Joe, Dave or Bruce
Ph 06 754 9006 or 0800 878 251 Email firstname.lastname@example.org Fax 06 754 8966 www.taranakitruckdismantlers.co.nz
Email: email@example.com www.gordys-flytrap-fitting.com Patented in New Zealand/Australia
Geoff 027 516 1113 A/H 06 323 3774 firstname.lastname@example.org
CLASSIFIEDS Phone 0800 466 793 Animal Health Products
APPLE CIDER VINEGAR, garlic & manuka honey. 200L - $450 or 1,000L - $2,000 + gst, with FREE DELIVERY. Black Type Minerals Ltd. Phone 021 185 1501. www.blacktypeminerals. co.nz.
GORDYS FLYTRAP FITTING 21 LITCHFIELD ST, BLENHEIM
$20 plus p&p
Concrete resurfacing Concrete grinding & Sealing Decorative tile effect overlays Epoxy paint coatings Re-colour stamped concrete Anti-slip tile treatments Coating removal Waterproofing
2nd Hand Overalls
Available from Selected Health Stores, Sports Shops and Pharmacies.
OrdEr ONliNE At www.cramp-stop.co.nz
GORDYS FLYTRAP FITTING®
• Septic Tanks & Filters. • Quality Products & Service. • Wastewater Treatment Plants. • We Design, Manufacture, Install and Service our own • Water Tanks, Pumps & Filters NZ Made Products. • Farm Tanks / Killing Sheds. • Residential & Commercial. T 06 353 6157 F 06 353 3020 FP 0800 253 273 E email@example.com W www.wrighttanks.co.nz
DO YOU LIVE IN A WINDY SPOT? 3 phase wind turbines starting at $2,200 includes 450 watt turbine, 6m pole, charge controller and inverter, Batteries not included. Ring Colin at Windpower Waikato Phone 0274 831 041 A/H 07 843 7983 Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone Pat now 0800 222 189 Visit www.bridgeitnz.co.nz
BRIDGE IT NZ LTD
November 2013 MANAWATU FARMING LIFESTYLES
FREE DELIVERY ORDERS OVER $1500
Retailer of Rural Piping and Farm Supplies
0800 RURAL DIRECT
MAXI culvert Twinwall Culvert Pipe
SIZE NOMINAL ID
100mm 150mm 225mm 300mm 375mm 450mm 600mm
$ 30.00 $ 65.00 $159.00 $275.00 $349.00 $499.00 $749.00
– _ $ 95.00 $165.00 $209.00 $299.00 $449.00
ALL PRICES INCLUDE GST
Incorporating the strength of corrugated outer shell with the smooth inner wall to optimise hydraulics.
Contractors Ring for a Quote
Smaller coils also available
450mm x 6m
Punched & Unpunched Drain Coil
110mm OD x 100m 160mm OD x 45m
MEGA ROLLS AVAILABLE
110mm x 425m & 160mm x 190m Drainage Contractors call for a quote Manufactured from High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
MDPE pressure pipe 9 Bar Rural Pressure Pipe
25mm 32mm 40mm 50mm 63mm
$ per 100m
$ per 200m
$127.00 $159.00 $216.00 $325.00 $495.00
$248.00 $310.00 $421.00 $634.00 $965.00
Other pressure ratings also available Suits compression and electrofusion fittings
LDPE water pipe ID nominal bore
Pressure rating (PSI)
$ per 100m
Anka & Hansen fittings available
LDPE IRRIGATOR DRAG HOSE
EFFLUENT pipe 8 BAR RATED - SUITS CAMLOCKS
Hard-wearing LDPE suits AG camlocks
63mm x 50m
20mm x 100m 116PSI
63mm x 100m
TARANAKI BRANCH 83 Wallcourt Place, Normanby Phone (06) 272 8187 Fax (06) 272 8188 Trevor 027 323 2976 email@example.com Depot Hours: 8am - 12noon Monday to Friday
$6.87 per metre $8.55 per metre $11.68 per metre
Suitable for above ground use.
$8.55 per metre
MANAWATU BRANCH 77728 State Highway 2, Dannevirke Phone 06 374 8971 Sam 021 500 107 firstname.lastname@example.org Depot Hours: 8am - 12noon Monday to Friday
All items in this advertisement are while stocks last. Phone Rural Direct for conditions of delivery. ALL PRICES INCLUDE GST.