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minEmnrbs´GñkeRtkGr

kñúgBYkKN; .

4- Zm(enHCaZm(rbs´GñkR:rBÆBüayam minEmnrbs´Gñkx¢il

RcGUs .

5- Zm(enHCaZm(rbs´GñkmanstitaMgmaM minEmnrbs´Gñkman

sµartIPøaMgePøc . 6-

Zm(enHCaZm(rbs´GñkmancitþtaMgmaM

citþraymay . 7-

Zm(enHCaZm(rbs´GñkmanbJ¦a

minEmnrbs´Gñkman

minEmnrbs´GñkTub|J¦a

sUm|IRBHGg<k*RCabza RBHGnuruTÆetækMBugRtiHriHdUecñaH RTg´GnuemaTnaza saZu saZu GnuruTÆ GñkRtiHriHZm(EdlmhabursRtiHriH ebIdUecñaHGñkcUr RtiHriHZm(EdlmhabursRtiHriHCacMNucTI 8 za 8-

Zm(enHCaZm(rbs´GñkeRtkGr

kñúgZm(EdlminoyWtyUr

minEmnCaZm(rbs´GñkeRtkGrkñúgZm(EdlnaMoyWtyUr

luHRBHBuTÆGg<

Rtas´TUnµanRBHGnuruTÆdUecñHehIy eTIbesþcRtLb´eTAkan´TIRbzab´rbs´ RBHGg<

cMENkRBHGnuruTÆetærbMeBjBüayamteTA

Grhtþpl

CaRBHxINaRsBehIyKitza

k*:nseRmcRBH

RBHbrmsasþaRTg´dwgcitþ


- 22 -

rbs´eyIg esþcmkeZIVomhaburisvitk,‘x’TI 8 eBjbribUN( Cakar EdleyIg:nseRmcnUvbMNgehIy BIeraHrbs´RBHBuTÆGg<

eTIbnwkdl´RBHZmµeTsnad*

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k*bnøWóTanKazadUecñHza mm sg,b|mJ¦ay stæa elaek Gnutþera

CaedIm ERbza RBHbrmsasþaRTg´CakMBUlkñúgelak RTg´RCabesckIþ RtiHriHrbs´eyIg

ehIyyagmkrkeyIgedaykayEdlseRmceday

citþ esckIþRtiHriHrbs´eyIgmany¨agNa RBHBuTÆGg<RTg´eRtkGrkñúgZm(

EdlminyWtyUr RTg´CaRBHBuTÆCam©as´ RTg´sEmþgZm(EdlminyWtyUr

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xageRkaymkeT[t kalRBHmanRBHPaKRbzab´Kg´enAvtþeCt-

Bnmhavihar RTg´RbkasEtgtaMgRBHGnuruTÆetærkñúgtMENgÉtTK<; dUc

manesckIþR:kdkñúg:lIKm¬IrGg<útþrnikay Ékni:tza mñalPik¡úTaMg Lay GnuruTÆCakMBUlCagsav&kTaMgLayrbs´tzaKtEpñkmanTiBVck¡ú . kareZIVcIvrrbs´RBHGnuruTÆetær

mansEmþgkñúgGdðkzaKm¬IrZmµbT

GrhnþvK< kñúger]gRBHGnuruTÆetærbJ¢ak´za sm&yEdlRBHmanRBHPaK

Kg´enAkñúgvtþevLúv&nmhaviharRkúgraCRKwH RKaenaHRBHGnuruTÆetærmancIvr

dac´minGacnwgeRbIR:s´:nteTAeT[t eTIbecjEsVgrkerIssMBt´kñúg TIepSg>

manKMnrsMramCaedIm

RKaenaHeTBZItaeQµaHCalinI

kñúg

GtIt;knøgmkehIy 3 Cati Zøab´CaPriyacas´rbs´elak enAsæan


- 23 -

tavtþigS emIleXIjRBHezr;kMBugEsVgrksMBt´ k*:nnaMsMBt´TiBVmk 3 pÞaMg mYypÞaMg>beNþay 13 htæ TTwg 4 htæ CadMbUgKitnwgRbeKn cMeBaHRBHezr; sMram

EtxøacRBHezr;minTTYl

eTIbnaMykeTAkb´TukkñúgKMnr

beJ©jCaylµmoRBHezr;:neXIj

kalRBHezr;edIrerIs

sMBt´pÞaMgtUcZMxøH tampøÚvxøH kñúgKMnrsMramGacm¾dIxøH :neTACYbnwg

sMBt´TiBV 3 pÞaMgenaH BicarNaCasMBt´bgSúkUld*x¬g´x¬s´ehIyk*Taj ecjmk

luHdl´ézáEdlRBHGnuruTÆetæreZIVcIvr

RBHmanRBHPaKEhhm

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:nnaMKñaeTAKg´enAkñúgviharenaH

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cMENknageTBZItacUleTA

RbkaskñúgPUmiza GñkTaMgLay ézáenHRBHmanRBHPaKEhhmedayRBH mhasav&kZM>

nwgeZIVcIvrodl´RBHGnuruTÆetær

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éRBhimBanþmkzVayRBHmanRBHPaK nigRbeKncMeBaHPik¡úsg¹ Pik¡úTaMg 500

rUbminGacqan´EpøRBIgenaHoGs´

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kareZIVcIvrelIkenHRBH«®nÞk*

Tal´EtépÞdIdUcCaRClk´edayTwkl&x


- 24 -

EtkñúgkargarenHmanPik¡úTaMgLayBYkxøH niyayelIkeTastiHed[lnUv

GaharEdlPik¡úTaMgLayqan´minGs´ enAsl´CaKMnrZMza Pik¡úmancMnYn bu¨eNÑH

emþck*RtÚvkarGahareRcInGVIemø¨H

KYrs<al´RbmaNehIyR:b´

dl´BYkjati nigóbdðakza GñkTaMgLaycUrnaMGaharmkRtwmbu¨eNÑHmin

Emnß / enHRbEhlCaRBHGnuruTÆhak´cg´oeKdwgza xÜønmanjati nig óbdðakeRcIneTdwg

RKaenaHRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´sYrza

mñalPik¡úTaMg

Lay GñkTaMgLayniyayer]gGIV Pik¡úTaMgLayRkabTUlza er]gRBH GnuruTÆetærmins<al´RbmaNkñúgkarR:b´jati

nigóbdðak

NaRBHGg<

RBHBuTÆ mñalPik¡úTaMgLay BYkGñkRbEhlCayl´za rbs´qan´TaMg

enHGnuruTÆomnusSTaMgLaynaMmky¨agdUecñaHß BYkPik¡úÇ x\úMRBHGg<TaMg

Layyl´dUecñaHÉgRBHGg< RBHBuTÆÇ mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GnuruTÆCabuRt

rbs´tzaKtrEmgminniyaysUmGahary¨agenHeT RBHxINaRsBTaMg

Lay minniyayBaküeBcn¾edIm|I®:zña:nnUvbc©&y 4 eLIy cMENk biNÐ:tenHekIteLIgedayGanuPaBrbs´eTBZIta ZanaRBHGnuruTÆetærdUecñHehIy

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kalRBHGg<Rtas´

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‘4 ’ minGaRs&yGahar ‘ edaytNØa nigTidði ’ manviemak¡EdlCasuJ¦t;

nigGnimitþCaeKacrehIy kareTArbs´GñkenaHdwg:nedaykRm dUcCa daneCIgrbs´bkSIehIreTAkñúgGakasdUecñaH .

plénkargarRTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsna

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK

cb´ eZIVobuK<lEdlenAkñúgTIRbCuMenaH seRmcGriyplTaMgLayman esatabtþiplCaedIm .


- 25 -

enAmaner]gTak´TgCamYynwgnagCalinIeTBZIta

Priyacas´

rbs´RBHGnuruTÆ kñúg:lIGnuruTÆsURt Km¬IrsMyutþnikaysKazvK<énvnsMyutþ manesckIþza eBlmYyRBHGnuruTÆetærsñak´enAkñúgéRBmYy kñúg Ednekasl

RKaenaHnageTBZItaCalinI

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:ncuHmkR:b´RBHezr;za

kalmunelakZøab´enAk��úgTINa

sUmelaktaMgcitþ

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RBHezr;Ç

mñal

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buK<lNamin:neXIjsYnnnÞv&n

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rbs´RBHGrhnþTaMgLayeBalTukza sg¡arTaMgLaymineT[geT man kiriyaekIteLIgehIynwgvinaseTAvijCaZmµta

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BYkeTvtateTAeT[teLIy GatµaGs´CatikMeNItehIy nwgminekItteTA eT[teLIy .

karmanbdiPaN KWkarQøaséveqøIytb:nTan´eBlrbs´RBH

GnuruTÆetærmaneBalTukkñúg:lIGnuruTÆsURt

Km¬IrmCÄimnikay

óbri-

bNÑask;bJ¢ak´za sm&ymYy RBHmanRBHPaKRbzab´Kg´enAvtþeCtvn


- 26 -

mhavihar RkúgsavtæI manBYkPik¡útammksñak´enApgEdr RKaenaHman

KhbtICaRbZanCageQImñak´eQµaHza

bJ©g<;

eRbImnusSoeTAnimnþ

RBHGnuruTÆetær nigPik¡ú 3 rUbeT[trYmCa 4 rUb oeTAqan´enApÞHrbs´xøÜn kalelakqan´eRscehIy bJ©g<KhbtITUlsYrza bBiRtelakm©as´

Pik¡úTaMgLayCaRBHezr;mkrkx\úMehIy ecetavimutþiEdlminmanRbmaNcuH

eBalza

KhbtIGñkcUrGb´rM

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cUrGb´rM

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RbmaN nigEdlmanGarmµN¾ZMTaMgBIrenH manGtæ nigBüJ¢n;epSg

Kñaß ßzamanGtæEtmYy EtmanBüJ¢n;epSgKña / mñalKhbtI ebI

dUecñaHcUrGñksEmþgmkcuH karxusPøaMgPøat´nwgminR:kddl´Gñk Kh-

btI

bBiRtRBHGnuruTÆ

x\úMyl´zaecetavimutþiEdlminmanRbmaN

manGarmµN¾ZMmanGtæEtmYy

KhbtI

epSgKñaEtBüJ¢n;bu¨eNÑaH

ecetavimutþiTaMgBIrRbePTenH

.

nig mñal

epSgKñaTaMgGtæTaMgBüJ¢n;

ecetavimutþi EdlminmanRbmaNenaH:ndl´Pik¡ú pSayemtþa kruNa

muTita óebk¡a ‘RBhµvihar 4 ’ eTAkñúgelakTaMgGs´ ehIyenAeday

citþEdlRbkbedayRBhµviharZm(TaMg 4 CacitþeBjbribUN( CacitþZM CacitþminmanRbmaN CacitþminmaneB[r minmanBüa:T . ecetavimutþi EdlmanGarmµN¾ZMenaH :ndl´Pik¡úpSaynimitþksiNeTARKbKl´eQI

1-2-3 xøH RKbExRt 1-2-3-4 xøH RKbRbeTs 1-2-3-4 xøH RKbEpndImanmhasmuTÞCaTIbMputxøH ehIynwkza Carbs´ZM>dUecñH .


- 27 -

edaybriyayenHZm(TaMgBIrenHmann&yepSgKña

BüJ¢n;

TaMgGtæ

bJ©g<KhbtIsþab´BaküGZib|ayGMBIRBHGnuruTÆetærehIy

nig

k*

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putedayGMNacéncitþ ‘ mansmaZiCayan ’ EdlmanesckIþbMNg

TaMgBIrn&yy¨aglÁ .

RBHGnuruTÆetær elaktaMgenAGayusg¡armkrhUt eRkayRBHbrm-

sasþaesþcrMlt´xnÆbriniBVaneTAehIy

dUcmaner]gkñúg:lImhabri-

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maner]ger[brab´dl´karcUlQan

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RBHGannÞetæremIlmineXIjmanxül´

smabtþiza

muneBlRBHBuTÆGg<RTg´rMlt´xnÆbriniBVan

degØImrbs´RBHmanRBHPaK

eTIbsYrRBHGnuruTÆetærza

RTg´rMlt´xnÆbriniBVanehIyß GnuruTÆÇ GannÞ

esþccUlGnu-

RBHmanRBHPaK

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´min

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karcüútrEmgminmankñúgxagkñúgnieraZ

smabtþi

kalRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ecjcakQanehIy

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RTg´cuHkan´

Pvg<briniBVankñúgPvg<enaHÉg EpndIk*keRmIkKYroRBWxøac Pik¡úTaMgLay

k*QWcitþERskyMbRmH

nen[leTAmk er[brab´sþayRBHmanRBHPaK cMENkPik¡úGñkR:scak


- 28 -

kielsehIy

:nnUvesckIþsegVKedaykarBicarNaza

sg¡arTaMg

BYgmineT[g buK<lnwgrkPaBeT[gkñúgsg¡arTaMgenaHmkGMBINa lMdab´

enaH RBHGnuruTÆetæreBaldas´et]nPik¡úTaMgLayza GñkTaMgLaykuMxUc citþeLIy kuMknÞk´kenÞjeLIy RBHbrmsasþaZøab´Rtas´TukehIy min Emnßza

karRBat´R:scakrbs´CaTIRsLaj´

CaTIeBjcitþTaMgBYg

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mñalGñkTaMgLay BYkeTvtarEmgnaMKñatiHed[lza elakm©as´

TaMgLay xøÜnÉgminGacGt´Zn´:nehIy nwgoGñkdéTGt´Zn´:ndUc emþceTA

RBHGnuruTÆetær

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RBHGnuruTÆetærk*eRbIRBHGannÞetæro

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RBHGnuruTÆetærza

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mñalGñkTaMgLay

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eRBaHbMNgrbs´BYkGñkepSg

/

rbs´BYkeTvta

epSg RBHezr;:nR:b´dUecñH mløkSRtÇ bBiRtRBHGnuruTÆ eTvtaTaMg

LaymanbMNgdUcemþc RBHGnuruTÆÇ mñalvasidðTaMgLay BYkelak

manbMNgnwgGaraZnaRBHsrIrsB

cUlkan´RBHnKrtamTisTkSiN

ehIynwgGaraZnaecjeTAzVayePIøgtamTisTkSiNdEdl

cMENk


- 29 -

eTvtaTaMgLay

bMNgnwgeZIVesckIþeKarBnms,arbUCaedaykRmgp,a

nigeRK}gRkGUbCaTiBV

nigbUCasrIrsBedayr:MraMeRc{gedjBiNpøúMbuI

ehIynwgGaraZnasrIrsBcUlkan´RBHnKrtamTisótþr edayGaraZna eTAtampøÚvkNþalRkúg ekIt

nigGaraZnaecjeTAtamTisbUB(a

cat´EcgkarbUCaRBHsBenAectiyrbs´BYkmløkSRt

eQµaHza m,údBnÆnectiy . luHBYkmløkSRt

KWTisxag Edlman

RCabesckIþbMNgenaHGMBIRBHGnuruTÆehIy

eTIbnaMKñabdibtþitambMNgrbs´eTvtaTaMgLayenaH er]gEdlelIkmk enHCaehtuplEdlGHGagza RBHGnuruTÆetærmanGayuEvg yUrmkdl´ eRkayBuTÆbriniBVanehIy

EdlGñkdéTminGacdwg:n

elakCaGñkmanEPñkTiBVGacdwgehtukarN¾ eTIbcat´Tukza

:nTTYlkarelIktem,IgGMBIRBHmanRBHPaK

smKYrehIyEdlelak

oCaGñkmanTiBVck¡ú

KW

EPñkTiBV kardwgedaylk¡N;Biess EpñkTiBVck¡úenH CamhasmN; kitþiysEdlRbkasnUvótþmKuNrbs´sav&kénRBHmanRBHPaK ehIy mankitþiystaMgenArhUtdl´sBVézáenH .

‘ cb´CIvRbvtþiRBHGnuruTÆetær ’


- 30 -

 CIvRbvtþirbs´RB¼«álietSr  CakMBUlxagRTRTg´nUvRB¼vin&y rUb

RBHó:lietær

elakCakmøaMgsMxan´rbs´RBHBuTÆsasnamYy

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b\sEkvrbs´RBHBuTÆsasna

EdlCa

ehIyelaktaMgcitþbdibtþitamy¨agtwg

rwg RBmTaMgTUnµan nigCRmHGZikrN¾omanyutþiZm(dl´KUCemøaHTaMgGs´

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dUc:nTTYlnUv

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Edlcat´CakitþiKuNd*ézøzøabMput .

CIvRbvtþikñúgGtItCatirbs´RBHó:lietær mansEmþgkñúgGdðkza

Km¬IrmenarzbUrNI

xuTÞknikayGbTan Bisþar

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eRkayeBlseRmcCaRBHGrhnþ

ehIyelak:nsEmþg

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Tak´TgkñúgGtItCatirbs´RBHbuNÑmnþanIbutþetærpg EdlmanesckIþdUc teTAenH ?

kñúgGtItCatimYy

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CaGñkmanRTBüsm|tþi 80 ekadi enAkñúgRkúghgSvtI er[nseRmcviC¢a éRtevT

RBmTaMgKm¬IrBiesseRcInRbePTeT[tEpñkRBhµJ¦sasna

.


- 31 -

kaltmk

kñúgeBlRBHbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´ób|tþieLIgkñúgelak

ehIyyageTARbzab´Kg´enARkúghgSvtI

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mYyeyaCn¾ kñúgRKaenaHsunnÞtabs ßehAeQµaHmü¨ageT[tza eKatm

«sI :nnimiµt:raMp,aeLIgRKbRbCaCnTaMgGs´EdlenAkñúgTIenaH xN; EdlRBHbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´sEmþgsc©Zm( 4 Rbkar enAxagkñúg mNÐbp,aeQIenaH . manesckIþza maneTBþa nigmnusSRbmaNmYy

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dUecñHehIy RtÚvkarnwgeZIVbuNüxøH kal:neXIjPik¡úmYyrUbCaGñk:n TTYlelIktem,IgBIRBHbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆ

CakMBUlxagRTRTg´nUvRBH

vin&y eTIbeZIVbuNüehIyR:zña o:nCakMBUlEpñkRTRTg´RBHvin&y nig :nksagGarameQµaHza Lay

esaPN;

RbeKncMeBaHRBHPik¡úsg¹TaMg

manRBHbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´CaRbZan

.

luHksag

esaPNarameRscehIy :neZIVkarqøgGs´RTBüCaeRcIneT[t RBHman RBHPaKbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´Büakrza

suCatRJhµN¾

:nksag


- 32 -

GaramzVaysg¹enH

nwg:nCaGñkRbkbRBmedayesckIþsuxkñúgmnusS

elak nigeTvelakGs´kald*yUr KWnwg:nCask,eTvraCmYyBan´Cati

nwg:nCaesþccRkBtþimYyBan´Cati nwg:nCaRBHraCakñúgRbeTsepSg>

edayrab´Catimin:n

ehIynwg:nCasav&krbs´RBHsmNeKatm

sm¬úTÆkñúgkb|TI 1 EsneTAGnaKt edaymaneQµaHza ó:li . cMENkkñúgbc©úb|nñCatienH

RBHó:li

:nmkekItCabuRtrbs´nayCagekarkat´

ßsuCatRJhµN¾enaH

KWCagkat´sk´

ßekarsk´

kñúgnKrkbilBsþú ehIy:nTTYlkareRCIserIsnamza ó:li kal ó:liceRmInv&yeLIgehIy

:nTTYltMENgCanayPUsamalaén

esþcsküvgSTaMg 5 KWPTÞiy; 1 GnuruTÆ 1 GannÞ 1 PK<ú 1 kim¬il; 1 ehtuEdl:nTTYltMENgenH

sküvgSTaMg 5 RBHGg<enaH . EtkarEdlRBHó:li

Edlcat´Tukza

eRBaHCaTIRCHzøaeBjRBHhb\T&yénesþc

RtÚvmkekItCakUnrbs´nayCagekarkat´

CaRtkUlmanfan;ezakTabenaH

edayGaRs&yRBH

ó:liZøab´:neZIVGMeBIq<aMq<g cMeBaHRBHervtbec©kBuTÆkñúgGtItCati dUc maner]gEdlsEmþgTuk kñúg:lIKm¬IrxuTÞknikayGbTanza ?

kñúgkb|TI 2 rab´GMBIkb|enHeTA mankSRteQµaHGJ¢sS man

etC;rkTIbMputKµan manysrab´min:n Cam©as´EpndI manRTBüeRcIn .

x\úMCaRBHraCbuRtrbs´RBHraCaenaH

CakSRteQµaHcnÞn;

CaGñkrwgtÁwg

edayRsvwgeRBaHCatipg edayRsvwgeRBaHyss½kþi nigePaK;pg . manBYkdMrImatg<;cMnYn 1 Esn suTÆEtcuHeRbgedayehtu 3 Rbkar d*


- 33 -

Rbdab´edayeRK}gGlg,arTaMgBYg

ecameramx\úMsBV>kal

evlaenaH

x\úMmanBYkBlrbs´xøÜnecameramehIy R:zñaeTAkan´óTüan eLIgCiHdMrI eQµaHsirik;ecjGMBInKreTA

.

Rsab´EtmanRBHbec©ksm¬úTÆRBHnam

ervt; RTg´bribUN(edaycrN; manTVarRKb´RKg sRgÜmlÁ :nnimnþ mkcMeBaHmuxx\úM

.

evlaenaHx\úM:nbrdMrIeQµaHsirik;

eTAoeb[teb[n

RBHbec©kBuTÆ lMdab´enaHdMrIk*eRkaZxwgminelIkeCIg . luHx\úMeXIjdMrI

mancitþxwgk*eRkveRkaZnwgRBHbec©kBuTÆCam©as´ eb[teb[nRBHbec©kBuTÆ

ehIyk*eTAkñúgóTüan . x\úMmin:nnUvesckIþsuxRsÜl kñúgóTüanenaH

k|alrbs´xúMh \ ak´dUcCaePIøgeqH x\úMGnÞHGEnÞgedayesckIþRkhl´Rkhay dUcRtICab´snÞÚc . EpndIEdlmansaKrCaTIbMput hak´dUcCadutkMedAx\úM

eTIbx\úMcUleTAkan´smñak´énRBHbita ehIyRkabbg<MTUlza eyIgx\úMeb[t

eb[nRBHbec©kBuTÆ dUcbuK<leb[teb[nGasirBis ßdUcbuK<leb[teb[n

KMnrePIøg ßk*dUcbuK<leb[teb[ndMrImanPøúkEdlcuHeRbg . RBHbec©kBuTÆCam©as´Gg<enaHmantb;d*x¬g´x¬s´ ekø{vkøa CaRBHCinRsI eyIgx\úMeb[t eb[nehIy

eyIgx\úMTaMgGs´Kñanwgvinas

eyIgx\úMnwgjúaMgRBHsymÖÚCa

munIGg<enaHoGt´eTaso . RbsinebIeyIgx\úMmin:njúaMgRBHbec©kBuTÆ

EdlmanxøÜnTUnµanehIy manRBHhb\T&yx¢ab´x¢ÜnenaH oGt´eTasoeT Ednrbs´eyIgx\úMmuxCavinas kñúgézáTI 7 minxan . kSRt 4 RBHGg< RBHnamsuemxl; 1 ekasiy; 1 sikv; 1 stþk; 1 CamYy nwg BYkesna:neb[teb[n«sITaMgLay x\úM:nRbCuMBYkburskñúgTI

3

ehIydl´nUvesckIþvinas

Ban´eyaCn¾

.

:ncUleTAKal´RBHsymÖÚ


- 34 -

edIm|InwgsEmþgeTas

BYkbursTaMgBYgesø{ksMBt´TTwk

mank|al

TTwk eZIVRkBuMRmamédRkabeT[bRBHbec©kBuTÆehIyTUlza bBiRtRBHGg< manBüayamZM sUmRBHGg<Gt´eTas ‘ eRBaH ’ CnsUmeTasRBHGg<

sUmRBHGg<rmáab´Rkvl´Rkvay sUmRBHGg<kuMeZIVEdn ‘ rbs´eyIgx\úM ’ o

vinaseLIy . BYkbursTaMgGs´RBmTaMgeTvta nigmnusS TaMgGñk

eZIVTan TaMgGñkyam eKnwgykjjÜrEdkmkTmøayGMEbgk|aleyIg x\úMsBV>kal

‘ RbsinebIRBHGg<minGnueRKaHeT ’ .

RBHbec©kBuTÆRtas´za

ePIøgminfitenAkñúgTwk

BUCminduHelIzµPñM

dg,ÚvminfitenAkñúgOsz esckIþeRkaZminmanekItkñúgRBHbec©kBuTÆeT . EpndIminkeRmIk y¨agNamij

j&rk*y¨agenaHEdr

smuRTsaKrRbmaNmin:n

GakasrkTIbMputKµan

RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLaymanRBHhb\T&yminrMCYyjab´ .

RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLaymanBüayamZM

manxøÜn

TUnµan Gt´Zn´ mantb; BYkbuK<lGñkGMNt´Gt´Zn´minmanluHkñúgGKti

RBHbec©kBuTÆRTg´Rtas´dUecñHehIy eTIbrmáab´Rkvl´Rkvayrbs´xúM\ ehIy ehaHeTAtamGakas kñúgTIcMeBaHmuxmhaCnkñúgkalenaH . karEdlRBHó:lietær

manesckIþRCHzøakñúgRBHBuTÆsasna

rhUtdl´karcUlmkbBVC¢aóbsm|TaRbRBwtþvtþRBhµcriy;

kñúgRBHZm(

vin&y mansEmþgTukkñúgKm¬IrculøvK< vin&ybidkkñúgsg¹ePTxnÆk; nig enAkñúgGdðkza Km¬IrZmµbTénymkvK<er]geTvTtþmanesckIþza ?

karecjbYsrbs´RBHó:lietær mankarTak´TgnwgkSRtskü;

TaMg 5 RBHGg< KW 1 PTÞiy; 2 GnuruTÆ 3 GannÞ 4 PK<ú 5 kim¬il; nig


- 35 -

6 enAkñúgekaliyvgS KWeTvTtþ kSRtTaMgGs´enHmanbMNgnwgbYskñúg RBHBuTÆsasna

ehIy:nbbYló:liCagekarkat´oCab´tameTAEdr

eTIbrYmCa 7 nak´ . kSRtTaMg 6 RBHGg<yagecjcakRBHnKrRBm edaycturg<esna KWmanBlesH BldMrI Blrz BlezµIreCIghak´dUc CayageTARbBatRBHraCóTüandUecñaH kSRtdéTehIy

luHyageTAdl´RBMRbTl´rbs´

k*Rtas´bJ¢aok|Üncturg<esnaRtLb´vij

mankaryl´xusdl´kSRtkñúgEdnenaH>

edIm|IkuMo

ehIynaMKñayagcUleTAkan´

raCZanIrbs´kSRtdéT edayminomanGñkNamkkarBarrkSa munnwg yagcUlGaNacRkrbs´kSRtdéT eRK}gGaPrN;ecjsin

kSRtTaMg

6

RBHGg<

RTg´edaH

ehIynaMKñaRbKl´eRK}gGlg,arTaMgGs´o

dl´ó:liCagekarkat´edayRtas´za mñaló:li GñkcUrnaMykeRK}g GaPrN;TaMgenHRtLb´eTARBHnKrvijcuH eRcIn

rbs´TaMgGs´enHmantémø

lµmciJ©wmCIvitrbs´Gñk:nGs´mYyCIvit

RkabcuHeT[b:TmUlénkSRtTaMg edayesckIþGal&y

6

RBHGg<enaH

minbMNgnwgTTYleLIy

eRBaHminGacrwgTTwgcMeBaHRBHraCbJ¢a:n

ó:liCagekarkat´ ehIy:nERskyM

EtcaM:c´RtÚvEtTTYl

eTIbTTYlykkJ©b´eRK}g

GaPrN;enaHmk RkabzVaybg<MlaeZIVdMeNIrRtLb´mkEtmñak´Ég xN; EdledIrmktampøÚv

k*Kitxøackaryl´xusrbs´BYkskü;RBHjatiza

kSRtsküraCTaMgGs´eXIjeyIgykeRK}gGlg,areTA nwgKitzaeyIg

smøab´BYkraCkumar ehIydeNþImykGlg,arTaMgenaH Gacnwgdak´RBH raCGaC\adl´eyIgedayZán´Zár KWRbharCIviteyIgy¨agBitR:kd eTIb


- 36 -

nwkKitza ehtuGVIhñ@ kSRtTaMgGs´enHlHsm|tþid*OLar nigeRK}gGa-

PrN;d*mantémøTaMgenH:n

edayminmanGal&yhYgEhg

dUcCa

esþaHTwkmat´ecal ehIyecjbYsenAkñúgRBHsasna:n EteyIgmin mansm|tþiRtwmEtbnþicesaHeLIy ehtuGVIk*lHbg´min:n . ó:li Cagekarkat´

kalKitdUecñHehIy

k*RsaykJ©b´eRK}gGlg,arecj

GñkNaR:zña

cUrykeTAeRbIR:s´CaRbeyaCn¾cuH

naMykeRK}gGlg,arTaMgenaHBüÜrTukelIEmkeQI ehIyeBalRbkasza tamkSRtTaMgenaHeTA

ehIyRbjab´Cab´

luHBYkkSRtTaMgenaHeXIjó:liCagekarkat´

RtLb´mkk*Rtas´za GñkRtLb´mkeZIVGVIó:li ó:liCagekarkat´TUl R:b´nUvbMNgrbs´xøÜnoRTg´RCab

ehIyk*:nTTYlkaryl´RBm

GMBIkSRtTaMgenaH TIbMputGñkTaMg 7 :nnaMKñaeZIVdMeNIreTAkan´mlørdð CnbT

cUlKal´RBHmanRBHPaKEdlKg´enAkñúgGnubiyGm¬v&n

bg<MehIyRkabTUlsUmbBVC¢aóbsm|TakñúgZm(vin&y . EtmuneBlEdlRBHmanRBHPaK

zVay

RbTankarbYsdl´bNþa

kSRtTaMgenaH>:nRkabTUlza bBiRtRBHmanRBHPaK BYkx\úMRBHGg<Ca

kSRt eRcInedayxtþiymanHd*xøaMgkøa ó:liCagekarkat´enHCaGamatü GñkbeRmICab´tamx\úMRBHGg<mkCayUr sUmRBHGg<RbTanbBVC¢adl´ó:li Cagekarkat´mun xageRkay

ehIyswmox\úMRBHGg<TaMgLay:nbYs

edaybMNgza

ó:liCagekarkat´nwgCaer[mc|g

RBHGg<TaMgGs´nwg:nRkabzVaybg<MeKarBrab´Gan manHoGs´eTABIxnÆsnþan

kñúgkalCa BYkx\úM

edIm|Ikm©at´xtþiy

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´eR:sRbTanbBVC¢a


- 37 -

óbsm|Tadl´ó:liCagekarkat´enaHmun

ehIyeR:sRbTanbBVC¢a

óbsm|Tadl´kSRtTaMg 6 RBHGg< kñúgkalCaeRkay . er]gEdlRBHó:lietærRkabTUlsUmGnuJ¦at

RBHPaK

edIm|IcUleTAenAkñúgéRB

cMeBaHRBHman

RBHmanRBHPaK:nRtas´TUnµanRBH

ó:lietær mansEmþgkñúgRBH:lIó:lisURt Km¬IrGg<útþrnikayTsk-

ni:tza RKaenaH ó:lietærcUleTAzVaybg<MKal´dl´TIRbzab´ ehIy :nRkabTUlza

bBiRtRBHmanRBHPaK

x\úMRBHGg<bMNgnwgeTAenAkñúg

esnasn;Edlsáb´sáat´kñúgéRBZM RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za mñaló:li esnasn;Edlsáat´kñúgéRBZMCakEnøgenA:nedaylM:k

eZIVesckIþ

sáb´sáat´:nedaykRm karenAmñak´ÉgCakareRtkGr:nedaykRm éRB TaMgLayhak´dUcCanaMykcitþrbs´Pik¡úGñkminmansmaZieTA Pik¡úó:li NaeBalza

eyIgCaGñkmin:nsmaZi

nwgenAkñúgTIesnasn;Edl

sáat´kñúgéRBZM Pik¡úenaHnwgRtÚvliccuH ßnwgrevIrvay . eRb{bdUcCaGnøg´ TwkZM mandMrIkm¬s´ 7 htæ ß 7 htæknøH :nedIrmkdl´Gnøg´TwkZM

enaH dMrIenaHKitza eyIgnwgcuHeTAkan´Gnøg´TwkenH ehIyKb|IdusRtec[k nigxñgxøH luHgUt pwkTwkehIy eLIgcakGnøg´TwkRtLb´eTAtamesckIþ RtÚvkar

esckIþenaHeRBaHehtuGVI

eRBaHzadMrIenaHmanragkayZM

eCIg

rEmgCan´dl´épÞdI QrenAkñúgGnøg´TwkeRCA:n ebITnSay ßxøaRtImk dl´Gnøg´TwkenH TnSay ßxøaRtIKitza eyIgCasÁI dMrICasÁI eyIgk*nwg cuHeTAkñúgGnøg´TwkZMenH lagRtec[k Rtdusxñgelgosb|ay ehIy

gUt pwkTwk nigeLIgcakGnøg´TwkRtLb´eTAtamesckIþRtÚvkar TnSay


- 38 -

ßxøaRtIenaHk*cuHeTAkñúgGnøg´TwkZMenaHd*qab´rh&s

edaymin:nBica-

rNa vanwgRtÚvliccuH ßGENþteTA esckIþenaHeRBaHehtuGVI eRBaHza TnSay

ßxøaRtIenaHmanragkaytUc

eCIgCan´mindl´épÞdI

Edlnwg

QrenAkñúgGnøg´TwkeRCA:ny¨agNamij Pik¡úó:liNaeBalza kal eyIgmin:nsmaZi nwgRtÚvenAkñúgesnasn;d*sáb´sáat´kñúgéRBZM Pik¡ú enaHnwgRtÚvliccuH

ßraymaydUecñaHÉg

ó:lieRb{bdUcekµgtUcedk

páar rEmgelgbsSav; nigóc©ar;rbs´xøÜn Gñkyl´esckIþenaHy¨ag Na ekµgtUcenHelgtamEbbekµgx©IminEmnß RBHó:lietærRkabTUl

eqøIyza bBiRtRBHmanRBHPaKy¨agenaHÉgRBHGg< ! RBHmanRBHPaK

Rtas´sYrza mñaló:li tmkxageRkayekµgtUcenaHk*ZMeLIg rEmg

elgeRK}gelgTaMgLayEdlCarbs´ekµgelgtUc> KWng<&ltUcelg vayhwug

elgkgØareQI

elgkgØarsøwkeQI

elgval´xSac´

elg

rztUc> elgZñÚtUc> Gñkyl´y¨agNa karelgenHCakarelgEdl lÁéRkElg

nigRbNItCagkarelg

RBHó:lietærRkabTUleqøIyza

EdlmankñúgRKamunminEmnß

y¨agenaHehIy

RBHGg<

RBHmanRBH

PaKRtas´teTAza mñaló:li sm&ytmkekµgenaHGaRs&ykarceRmIn ZMZat´eLIgeT[t

GaRs&ykarrwgbwugénragkay

CaGñkbeRmIxøÜnRbkb

RBmedaykamKuN 5 KW rUb sMeLg kiøn rs epadðBV; EdlCaTI

R:zña CaTIeRtkGr CaTIeBjcitþ naMomanesckIþteRmk mñaló:li

Gñkyl´y¨agNa karelgenHCakarelgd*lÁéRkElgCag nigRbNIt CagkarelgEdlmankñúgeBlmunminEmnß

RBHó:lietærRkabTUl


- 39 -

eqøIyza y¨agenaHehIyRBHGg< RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za mñaló:li RBHtzaKtób|tþieLIgkñúgelakenH

CaRBHGrhnþ

ejyüZm(TaMgBYgedayRbéBcMeBaHRBHGg<Ég nigcrN;

yageTAlÁehIy

TUnµanbursEdlKYrTUnµan:n

RTg´Rtas´dwgnUv

RTg´dl´RBmedayviC¢a

RTg´RCabc|as´nUvéRtelak

CasarzI

RTg´minmanbuK<ldéTéRkElgCageday

KuN CasasþaéneTvta nigmnusSTaMgLay RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvGriysc©;TaMg 4 RTg´rIkehIy RTg´EcknUvZm( RBHtzaKtGg<enaHRTg´dwg c|as´nUvelakenH RBmTaMgeTvelak marelak RBhµelak eday RBHbJ¦ajaNd*éRkElg

ehIyRTg´TUnµanBYkstVRBmTaMgsmN-

RJhµN¾ eTvta nigmnusSodwgtam RTg´sEmþgZm(EdllÁbTedIm bTkNþal nigbTcug RbkasRBhµcriy;d*brisuTÆbribUN( edayGtæ

nigBüJ¢n; . KhbtI buRténKhbtI ßGñkekItmkkñúgxageRkaykñúg

RtkUlNamYy :nsþab´Zm(enaHehIyk*mansTÆa KWkareC]kñúgRBHtza-

Kt

CaGñkRbkbedaysTÆa

KWkareC]

ehIyrEmgBicarNaeXIjza

Xravas ‘ GñkenARKb´RKgpÞH ’ Carbs´cegÁ{t CapøÚvmkénZUlI KW

kiels cMENkbBVC¢aCapøÚvRsLH CapøÚvTMenr buK<lGñkenARKb´RKgpÞH

nwgRbRBwtþRBhµcriy; obrisuTÆbribUN(edaycMENkmYy EdleRb{b dUcCas&g¡Edlxat´ehIy minEmnCakareZIV:ngay ebIdUecñaHeyIgnwg

ekarsk´ Bukmat´ esø{kdNþb´sMBt´kasavB®sþ ecjbYsCabBVCit sm&ytmk k*lHRTBüsm|tþiticeRcIn nigBYkjatiticeRcIn ekarsk´

nigBukmat´ ehIyesø{kdNþb´sMBt´kasavB®sþ ecjcakpÞHeTAbYs


- 40 -

kñúgRBHZmµvin&y

CaGñkminmankic©edaypÞH

kaleK:nbYsCabBVCit

ehIy CaGñkrYmkarsikSa nigGaCIBesµInwgPik¡úTaMgLay lH:Na-

ti:t ev[rRsLHcakkarsmøab´stV ecaldMbg dak´s®sþa mankar xµas mancitþGaNit manesckIþkruNa R:zñaRbeyaCn¾GnueRKaHdl´

stVTaMgBYgminerIsmux . lHGTinñaTan ev[rRsLHcakkarlYcRTBü TTYlykrbs´EdleKo RtÚvkarEtrbs´EdleKo minRbRBwtþxøÜnCa

ecar CaGñkenAedayesckIþbrisuTÆi lHGRBhµcriy; ‘ KWev[rcakkarrYm emzunZmµ ’ RbRBwtþRBhµcriy; RbRBwtþoqáay ev[rRsLHcakemzun

EdlCaZm(rbs´GñkRsúk lHmusavaT ev[rRsLHcakkarniyaykuhk niyayEtBaküBit

taMgenAkñúgBaküstü

niyayCaeKaldðanKYreC]

:n minniyaye:kR:seK .

lHvacas)kes[t ev[rRsLHcakvacas)kes[t sþab´xagenH

ehIymineTAR:b´xagenaH edIm|IomnusSBYkenHEbk:k´Kña ß:nsþab´

GMBIÉeNaHehIy minmkR:b´ÉeNH edIm|IomnusSBYkenaHEbk:k´Kña manEtkarbRgÜbbRgÜmGñkEdlEbk:k´Kña

Kña

ehIyKab´citþnwgGñkEdlRBmeRB{gKña

sresIrGñkEdlRBmeRB{g

eRtkGrkñúgGñkEdlRBm

eRB{gKña rIkraykñúgGñkEdlRBmeRB{gKña eBalEtBaküEdleZIVoRBm eRB{gKña .

lHecalvacaRTeKaHe:He:k

ev[rRsLHnUvvacaKMeraHKeRmIy

eBalEtBaküEdlminmaneTas BIeraHRtec[k eBalEtBaküEdlCaTI RsLaj´ CaTIeBjcitþ Cavacarbs´GñkRkúg

BaküEdlmnusSCaeRcIn


- 41 -

eKKab´citþ .

lHbg´vacaerayray ev[rRsLHcakvacaerayray niyayRtÚv

kal niyayEtBakümanRbeyaCn¾ niyayGagGtæ niyayGagZm(

niyayGagvin&y niyayEtBakümanl&k¡fan manTIGag manTIkMNt´ RbkbedayRbeyaCn¾ tamkalevlaEdlKYrniyay . eBl

Pik¡úenaHev[rRsLHcakkarpþac´BICKam PUtKam CaGñkqan´EtmYy ev[rRsLHcakkarqan´kñúgevlayb´

evlavikal

ev[rRsLHcakkarraMeRc{g

El|gEdlCasRtÚvdl´kuslZm(

ev[rRsLHcakkarqan´kñúg

karRbKMt®nþI

nigkaremIlnUv

ev[rRsLHcakkarRTRTg´sÁitsÁag

ragkayedayp,akRmg nigeRK}gRkGUb nigeRK}glabepSg> EdlCa

lk¡N;énkarEtgxøÜn ev[rRsLHcakkarGg<úykaredkelITIesnasn; Edlx¬s´hYsRbmaN

nigTIesnasn;d*RbesIr

ev[rcakkarTTYl

mas nigR:k´ ev[rRsLHcakkarTTYlZJ¦ahareqA ev[rRsLHcak karTTYlsac´eqA

ev[rRsLHcakkarTTYlRsI

nigRbús

TasI

nig

Tasa BEB nigec[m ERscMkar nigdIZøI ev[rRsLHcakkareZIVTUtkmµ nigkarbeRmIGñkdéT

ev[rRsLHcakkarTijdUr

ev[rRsLHcakkarq

val´

ev[rRsLHcakkarTTYlsMNUk

e:kedayEPñkCJ¢Ig qe:kedayrbs´bøm nigkarqe:kedayeRK}g nigeRK}gvas´

kare:kR:s

nigl|ickl ev[rRsLHcakkarkat´ karsmøab´ karXMuXaMg karvay

qµk´ karbøn´ karqk´ Pik¡úenaHCaGñksenþas KWeRtkGredaycIvrlµm CaeRK}gesø{kdNþb´biT:Mgkay eRtkGredayGaharbiNÐ:tlµmCa


- 42 -

eRK}gciJ©wmépÞ EdlxøÜnnwgeTATisNa> k*kan´ykeTA:nedayxøÜnÉg

dUcCabkSIEdlehIreTA:n edaysøabtamesckIþR:zñadUecñaH Pik¡úenaH CaGñkRbkbedaykgsIlEdlCaGriy;enH rEmg:nTTYlesckIþsux

EdlR:scakeTas Pik¡úenaHeXIjrUbedayEPñk »sMeLgedayRtec[k

ZuMkiønedayRcmuH

liTÆrsedayGNþat

Bal´RtÚvepadðBV;edaykay

dwgc|as´ZmµarmµN¾edaycitþehIy minkan´yknUvnimitþ nigGnuBüJ¢n; rEmgbdibtþiedIm|IsRgÜmck¡ú®nIÞy¾ edIm|IsRgÜmesati®nIÞy¾Ç Xani®nIÞy¾Ç

CIvØi®nIÞy¾Ç kayi®nIÞy¾Ç edIm|IsRgÜmmni®nIÞy¾ ebIminsRgÜmehIy nwgCa ehtuoGkuslZm(d*lamk eQµaHza

mni®nIÞy¾ .

rEmgdl´nUvkarrkSa

KWGPiCÄa

nigeTamnsSRKbsg,t´:n

nigkarsRgÜmck¡ú®nIÞy¾

esati®nIÞy¾ÇÇÇ

Pik¡úenaHCaGñkRbkbeday«®nÞiysMvr;EdlCaGriy;enH

:nesaysux esckIþdwgxøÜn

EdlR:scakkielscMeBaHxøÜn

TaMgkñúgevlaQaneTAmux

rEmg

Pik¡úenaHrEmgman

nigQanzyeRkay

eBl

RkeLkemIl eBlbt´cUl laecj RKgsg¹adi :Rt nigcIvr eBl

qan´ pwk TMBa liTÆrs eBlbenÞabg´óc©ar; bsSav; eBledIr Qr Gg<úy edk P\ak´eLIg niyay esá{m Pik¡úenaHRbkbedaysIlk¡nÆCa Griy;enH Rbkbeday«®niÞysMvr;CaGriy;dUecñH nigRbkbedaysti sm|CJ¦;EdlCaGriy;enH

rEmgenAkñúgesnasn;Edlsáat´

KWéRB

Kl´eQI PMñ jkPMñ lÁagPMñ éRBsµsan éRBsþúk TIval BMnUkcMebIg Pik¡úenaHenAéRB Kl´eQI ßpÞHsáat´ rEmgGg<úyBt´EPñntaMgkayoRtg´


- 43 -

tRmg´sµartIeq¬aHmuxeTArkkmµdðan

Pik¡úenaHlHesckIþelaPkñúgelak

ehIy enAedaycitþEdlR:scakelaP; rEmgCRmHcitþobrisuTÆcak

elaP; lHesckIþeTamnsS KWBüa:T minRbTUsr¨ay mancitþkruNa R:zñaRbeyaCn¾dl´stVTaMgBYg CRmHcitþobrisuTÆcakesckIþRbTUsr¨ay

KWBüa:T

lHzInmiTÆ;

kMNt´yknUvBnøWPWøsVag zInmiTÆ;

ehIyCaGñkR:scakzInmiTÆ;

manstism|CJ¦;

lHóTÆc©kuk,úc©;

CaGñkminraymay

dak´citþ

CRmHcitþobrisuTÆcak

mancitþsáb´kñúgxagkñúg

CRmHcitþobrisuTÆcakóTÆc©kuk,úc©; CaGñkqøgputvicikicäa minmanesckIþ sgS&ykñúgkuslZm(TaMgLay CRmHcitþobrisuTÆcakvicikicäa .

Pik¡úenaHluHlHnIvrN;EdlCaeRK}gesAhµgcitþ eZIVoTn´exSay

dl´kmøaMgbJ¦a

5

RbkarenH:nehIy

sáat´cakkam

nigsáat´cak

GkuslZm( seRmcbfmCÄan manvitk, vicar; bIti sux; nigÉkK<ta mñaló:liGñkyl´esckIþenaHy¨agNa karenAdUecñHCakarenAEdllÁ éRkElgCag

nigRbNItCagkarenAEdlmankñúgkalmunEmnß

RBH

ó:lietærRkabTUleqøIyza y¨agenaHehIy RBHGg< RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´teTAeT[tza mñaló:li sav&kTaMgLayrbs´tzaKtBicarNa eXIjZm(enHmanenAkñúgxøÜn Etza

eTIbenAkñúgesnasn;Edlsáat´kñúgéRBZM

sav&kTaMgenaHenAminTan´dl´RbeyaCn¾

rbs´xøÜnedaylMdab´

enAeLIy mñaló:li RbkarmYyeT[tPik¡úseRmcTutiyQan xagkñúg citþmanPaBpUrpg´ CaZm(d*ÉkpuseLIg minmanvitk,vicar; eRBaHvitk, vicar;sáb´eTA

manbIti

nigsux;EdlekItGMBIsmaZi

mñaló:liGñk


- 44 -

yl´esckIþenaHy¨agNa

karenAdUecñaHCakarenAEdllÁéRkElgCag

nigRbNItCagkarenAEdlmankñúgkalmunEmnß

RBHó:lietærRkab

TUleqøIyza y¨agenaHehIy RBHGg< . mñaló:li RbkarmYyeT[t

Pik¡úmanóebk¡a bItiGs´eTA

manstism|CJ¦; esaysuxedaynamkay

seRmcttiyQan

GñkNa:nQanenH

EdlRBHGriy;TaMgLaysresIrza

CaGñkmanóebk¡a

ó:liGñkyl´esckIþenaHy¨agNa ElgCag

eRBaH

mansµartIenACasux

mñal

karenAdUecñHCakarenAEdllÁéRk

nigRbNItCagkarenAEdlmankñúg

eBlmunEmnß

ó:lietærRkabTUlza y¨agenaHehIy RBHGg<ÇÇÇÇ .

RBH

mñaló:limü¨ageT[t Pik¡úseRmcctutæQan minmanTuk¡ min

mansux eRBaHlHsuxlHTuk¡ eRBaHrMlt´esamnsS nigrMlt´eTamnsS :nehIy

manóebk¡aCaehtuostibrisuTÆ

esckIþenaHy¨agNa

mñaló:liGñkyl´

karenAdUecñHCakarenAEdllÁéRkElgCag

RbNItCagkarenAEdlmankñúgkalmunEmnß

nig

RBHó:lietærRkabTUl

za BitEmnehIy RBHGg< . mñaló:limü¨ageT[t eRBaHPik¡úQan knøgrUbsJ¦a

eRBaHrMlt´bdiXsJ¦aecj:n

eRBaHmindak´citþdl´

nantþsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg Pik¡úseRmcGakasanJ©aytnQan edayKitBicarNaza

GakasminmanTIbMputÇÇ.l.ÇÇmñaló:limü¨ag

eT[t eRBaHPik¡úQanknøgGakasanJ©aytnQan edayRbkarTaMgBYg eTIbPik¡úseRmcviJ¦aNJ©aytnQan edayKitBicarNaza viJ¦aN minmanTIbMputÇÇÇ

eRBaHPik¡úQanknøgviJ¦aNJ©aytnQan

eday


- 45 -

RbkarTaMgBYg

eTIbPik¡úseRmcdl´GakiJ©J¦aytnQan

edayKit

BicarNaza Pav;tictYcminmanÇÇ eRBaHPik¡úQanknøgGakiJ©J¦aytn-

Qan edayRbkarTaMgBYg eTIbPik¡úseRmcdl´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnQan edayBicarNaza ZmµCatienHsáb´Bit RbNItBit mñaló:li Gñknwgyl´esckIþnu@Hy¨agNa

karenAdUecñHCakarenAEdllÁéRkElg

CagkarenAEdlmankñúgeBlmunEmnß RBHó:lietærRkabTUlza Bit EmnehIyRBHGg<

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´teTAeT[tza

sav&kTaMgLayrbs´tzaKt

mñaló:li

BicarNaeXIjZm(enHzamanenAkñúgxøÜn

eTIbenAkñúgTIesnasn;sáb´sáat´kñúgéRBZM Etza sav&kTaMgenaHenAmin Tan´dl´RbeyaCn¾rbs´xøÜnedaylMdab´enAeLIy

eT[tPik¡úQanknøgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnQan

mñaló:limü¨ag

edayRbkarTaMgBYg

eTIbPik¡úseRmcdl´sJ¦aevTyitnieraZsmabtþi ÉGasvk,ielsrbs´

Pik¡úenaHGs´eTAehIy

eRBaHeXIjedaybJ¦ad*RbéBtamBit

ó:liGñkyl´esckIþnu@Hy¨agNa

mñal

karenAdUecñHCakarenAEdllÁéRk

ElgCag nigRbNItCagkarEdlenAkñúgkalmunEmnß RBHó:lietær

RkabTUlza bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn BitdUecñaHehIy RBHGg< eTIbRBH

manRBHPaKRtas´R:b´RBHó:lietærza mñaló:li sav&kTaMgLay

rbs´tzaKtBicarNaeXIjZm(enHzamanenAkñúgxøÜn eTIbenAkñúgTIesnasn;Edlsáb´sáat´

Etzasav&kTaMgenaHenA

rbs´xøÜnedaylMdab´enAeLIy

minTan´dl´RbeyaCn¾

mñaló:liGñkcUrenAkñúgBYksg¹cuH

kalGñkenAkñúgsg¹nwgmankarrs´enACasux .


- 46 -

mUlehtuEdlRBHmanRBHPaK

minRTg´GnuJ¦atdl´ó:lietær

oeTAenAkñúgéRB nigkar:nseRmcRBHGrhtþ maner]gsEmþgenAkñúg GdðkzabrmtæTIbnI

nigGdðkzamenarzbUrNIbJ¢ak´za

lietærbBVC¢aóbsm|TaehIy rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK

:nTTYlykRBHkmµdðankñúgsmñak´

ehIyRkabTUlza bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn sUm

RBHGg<RTg´GnuJ¦atdl´xúMR\ BHGg<edIm|IenAkñúgéRBcuH Rtas´za

luHRBHó:-

mñaló:li

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalGñkenAkñúgéRBGñknwgeZIVvibsSnaZur;o

ceRmInEtmü¨ag EtebIGñkbdibtþienAkñúgsmñak´rbs´tzaKt TaMgKnæZur; nigvibsSnaZur;nwgbribUN(

ehIyGñknwgseRmcGrhtþpl

TaMg:n

CaRbZanEpñkRTRTg´RBHvin&ybidk . RBHó:lietærzVaybgM<TTYlRBH BuTÆtRmas´

ehIytaMgcitþceRmInvibsSnakmµdðan

seRmcRBHGrhtþpl

minyUrbu¨nµank*:n

CaRBHGriybuK<ld*x¬g´x¬s´kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna

RKaenaHRBHmanRBHPaK :nRtas´TUnµanRBHó:lietærosikSa er[nsURt RBHvin&ybidkedayRBHGg<ÉgRKb´y¨ag

eTIbCaehtueZIVoRBHó:li

mankaryl´ nigRTRTg´RBHvin&ybidk:ny¨agmaMTaM nigmanPaBsÞat´ CMnajy¨agxøaMg

TaMgCaGñkGacBicarNarkehtupl

vin&y:ny¨aglÁRtwmRtÚv

Tak´TgnwgRBH

esckIþenHKb|IemIlnUvPsþútagEdlelak

:nTTYlBuTÆanuJ¦atoCaGñkvinicä&yCRmHGZikrN¾ 3 er]gdUecñHKW er]g rbs´RBHParukcäkPik¡ú 1 RBHGC¢úkPik¡ú 1 nigRBHezrICaejamRsIrbs´

RBHkumarksSbetær 1 karBicarNarkehtuplkñúgGZikrN¾EdlekIt eLIgenaH

elakeZIVy¨aglÁitlÁn´

eTIbvinicä&yedayyutþiZm(

kan´yk


- 47 -

PaBxus nigRtÚvCaeKalsMxan´ minmanGKti KWminlMeG[geTAxagenH minlMeG[geTAxagenaH bMput

dUcCazøwgedayCJ¢Ig

EdlCakarRtwmRtÚvCaTI

eRb{b:nnwgsBVJ¦útJ¦aN . RBHmanRBHPaK

RbTans&BÞsaZukarral´elIk

Edlelak

vinicä&yGZikrN¾seRmcmYyer]g> eTIbRBHGg<RTg´elIkykkarvinicä&y

GZikrN¾TaMg 3 er]genHmkCaedImehtu ehIyRTg´taMgRBHó:lietær

TukkñúgtMENgd*kMBUlCagPik¡úTaMgLay EpñkRTRTg´nUvRBHvin&y dUcman esckIþkñúgKm¬IrGg<útþrnikayÉkni:tza

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

ó:liCa

ÉtTK<; KWkMBUlCagPikú¡TaMgLay Casav&krbs´tzaKtEpñkRTRTg´nUv RBHvin&y ÉtTK<M Pik¡ev mm savkanM Pik¡ÚnM vinyZranM yTiTM ó:li .

BaküTUnµan Edló:lietæreBaldas´et]nPik¡úTaMgLay man

eKalCaKaza

KWBakücgRkgCaPasa:lI

enAkñúgGdðkzabrmtæTIbnI

bJ¢ak´za eRkayeBlEdlRBHó:lietær:nkarelIktem,IgkñúgtMENg ÉtTK<;

óe:sz

KWCakMBUlEpñkRTRTg´RBHvin&yehIy eBlsEmþg:tiemak¡

tmkézámYyEdlCaézá

kalelakeBaldas´et]nPik¡úTaMg

Lay :neBalCaKaza 3 Kazaza kulbuRtecjcakpÞHedaysTÆa ehIybYszIµCanvPik¡ú

Kb|IKb´rkklüaNmitþTaMgLayEdlCaGñkman

karciBa©wmCIvitedaybrisuTÆi

Gñkminx¢ilRcGUs

.

kulbuRtecjcak

pÞHedaysTÆa bYszIµ CanvPik¡ú GñkmanR:C\a kalenAkñúgBYk Kb|I

sikSanUvRBHvin&y . kulbuRtecjcak pÞHedaysTÆa bYszIµ CanvPik¡ú CaGñkQøas

kñúgehtuEdlKYrnigminKYrTaMgLay

Kb|IRbRBwtþkMuo


- 48 -

‘ BYkkiels tNað CaedIm ’ RbRBwtþeTAkñúgxagmux:n . mUlehtu

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bJ¦tþsik¡abT

edIm|IRb-

eyaCn¾dl´RBHBuTÆsasna CYyoBYkeyIg:ndwg k*eRBaHRBHó:li :nRkabTUlsYrRBHmanRBHPaK lisURt

Km¬IrGg<útþrnikay

dUcmansEmþgenAkñúgRBH:lIó:-

Tskni:t

manesckIþza

sm&ymYy

RBHó:lietær :ncUleTAKal´RkabTUlsYrRBHmanRBHPaKza bBiRt RBHmanRBHPaK RBHGg<RTg´GaRs&yGMNacRbeyaCn¾bu¨nµany¨ag eTIb RTg´bJ¦tþsik¡abT RTg´sEmþgRBH:tiemak¡ dl´savkTaMgLay / RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´eqøIyza

mñaló:li

tzaKtGaRs&y

GMNacRbeyaCn¾ 10 y¨ag eTIbbJ¦tþsik¡abT sEmþg:tiemak¡dl´

savkTaMgLay GMNacRbeyaCn¾ 10 y¨agenaHKWGVIxøH 1- sg¹sg¹-

sudðútay 22- sg¹pasutay 33- TumµMkUnM buK<lanM niK<hay

4- ebslanM Pik¡ÚnM pasuviharay 55- TidðZmµikanM GasvanM sMvray 66- sm|rayikanM GasvanM bdiXatay

77- Gb|Gb|-

snñanM bsaTay 88- bsnñanM va PieyüaPavay 99- sTÆmµdðitiya 1010- vinyanuK<hay .

‘ Gñker[nvin&ysuTÆEtecHGs´ehIy ’

manBaküGZib|ayGMNacRbeyaCn¾

10

y¨ag

edIm|IRTg´

bJ¦tþRBHvin&y kñúgGdðkzamenarzbUrNIbJ¢ak´za BaküzaedIm|IesckIþ

lÁénsg¹ ‘ TI 1 ’ :ndl´karTTYledayBaküeBcn¾ KYroRsLaj´za

lÁehIyRBHGg< ! GñkNaTTYlBaküeBcn¾rbs´RBHtzaKt GñkenaH

rEmg:nTTYlRbeyaCn¾suxGs´kald*yUr eRBaHehtudUecñaH eTIbRBH


- 49 -

tzaKtRTg´bJ¦tþsik¡abTTuk EtminEmnRTg´bJ¦tþedIm|IkarKMramkMEhg

eTIbRtas´zabJ¦tþedIm|IesckIþlÁdl´sg¹eT . BaküzaedIm|IkarenACa suxénsg¹enaH ‘ TI 2 ’ KWedIm|IenAsb|ayénBYksg¹ BaküzaedIm|I

sg,t´sg,innUvPik¡úEdlRTúsþsIlenaH ‘ TI 3 ’ GZib|ayza Pik¡úEdlmin mansIleQµaHza

Pik¡úCaGñkRTúsþsIl

Pik¡úRtÚvsg¹eZIVoCaGñkeG[n

xµasehIy EtenAEtmindwgxøÜn enAEtcecsRbRBwtþknøgelµIssik¡abT enAEteZIVedayminmaneG[nxµas

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bJ¦tþsik¡abT

edIm|Isg,t´sg,innUvPik¡úTaMgenaH eRBaHebIminmansik¡abT Pik¡úTaMgenaHk*

nwgeZIVosg¹lM:kedaykareBalGagza BYkelak:neXIjGVI :n

»y¨agNa

BYkx\úMeZIVGVI

BYkelakelIkGabtþimYyNa

kñúger]gGVIeLIg

sg,t´sg,inBYkeyIg Etkalmansik¡abT sg¹k*sEmþgsik¡abTdl´

Pik¡úTaMgenaH :nsg,t´sg,inPik¡úTaMgenaHedayRbéBtamZm( eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za tzaKtbJ¦tþsik¡abT edIm|Isg,t´sg,in mnusSRTúsþsIl . Baküza

edIm|IkarenACasuxénPik¡úTaMgLayGñkmansIlCaTI

RsLaj´enaH ‘ TI 4 ’ KWPik¡úGñkmansIlCaTIRsLaj´TaMgLay kal mins<al´vtæúKYr nigminKYr vtæúEdlmaneTas nigminmaneTas RBMEdn kMNt´

rEmgmanesckIþlM:kkñúgkareZIVéRtsik¡aobribUN(

kalPik¡ú

TaMgenaHs<al´vtæúEdlmaneTas nigminmaneTas s<al´RBMEdnkMNt´ ehIy

rEmgminlM:kkñúgkareZIVéRtsik¡aobribUN(

bJ¦tþisik¡abT

eRBaHdUecñaH

kar

eTIbRbRBwtþeTAedIm|IkarenAsb|aydl´Pik¡úTaMgenaH


- 50 -

karsg,t´sg,inmnusSRTúsþsIl k*CaTIrIkraydl´Pik¡úTaMgenaH kareZIV

óe:sz bvarNakmµ rEmgtaMgenAmin:n eRBaHGaRs&yGñkminman sIl sg¹kmµTaMgLayk*minGacRbRBwtþeTA:n eRBaHGaRs&yGñkmin mansIl

karsamK<Ik*minmaneRBaHGaRs&yGñkminmansIl

LayGñkmancitþmanGarmµN¾EtmYy sURtCaedIm:n

Pik¡úTaMg

k*minGacRbkbkic©mankarer[n

Etkalsg,t´sg,inGñkminmansIlecj:nehIy

karsµúKsµajTaMgBYgenHk*minman CaTIRsLaj´rEmgenACasux .

tBIenaHPik¡úTaMgLayGñkmansIl

Baküza edIm|IkarBarGasv;TaMgLay EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgbc©ú-

b|nñenaH ‘ TI 5 ’ manGZib|ayza EdlzaGasv;TaMgLaykñúgbc©úb|nñ EdlPik¡úTaMgLayminmankarsRgÜm

nwgRtÚv:nTTYlkñúgGtþPaBenH

KWTuk¡epSg> mankarRtÚvvayedayéd RtÚvvayedaydMbg RtÚvRbhar edays®sþa RtÚvkat´éd kat´eCIg xUcekrþ×eQµaH xUcys nigekIt esckIþekþARkhaycitþCaedIm rEmgmankñúgbc©úb|nñ RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

bJ¦tþsik¡abTedIm|IkarBarTuk¡epSg>enaH minomandl´Pik¡úTaMgLay . Baküza edIm|Ikm©at´Gasav;TaMgLayEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgxagmux

‘ TI 6 ’ KWedIm|IkarBaresckIþTuk¡EdlnwgekItkñúgkalxagmux manTuk¡kñúg nrkCaedIm

:nsRgÜm .

edaymankareZIVGaRkk´CamUl

EdlekIteLIgdl´Pik¡úmin

Baküza buK<lenAminTan´RCHzøa KWkalsik¡abTbJ¦tþehIy ‘ TI

7 ’ mnusSÉNa EdlCaGñkmanstibJ¦a EtenAminTan´RCHzøa luHdwg


- 51 -

sik¡abTbJ¦tþ ß:neXIjPik¡úTaMgLayGñkbdibtþitambTbJ¦tþi k*ekIt esckIþRCHzøaza

smN;TaMgenH:nlHbg´vtæúeZIVoekItesckIþrIkray

eRtkGr nigkarvegVg Edlmandl´mhaCnkñúgelak CakareZIVkic©Edl eKeZIV:nedaylM:k dUcCaBYkRJhµN¾micäaTidði ‘ yl´xuscakZm( ’:n eXIjKm¬IrRBHvin&ybidkehIy RBHmanRBHPaKeTIbRtas´za

ekItesckIþRCHzøadUecñaH

tzaKtbJ¦tþisik¡abTTuk

RCHzøadl´buK<lenAminTan´RCHzøa .

eRBaHdUecñaH

edIm|IesckIþ

Baküza dl´buK<lGñkRCHzøaenaH ‘ TI 8 ’ KWkulbuRtNa man

esckIþRCHzøakñúgRBHBuTÆsasnaehIy

kulbuRtenaHdwgsik¡abTEdl

bJ¦tþehIy ß:neXIjPik¡úTaMgLay EdlbdibtþitambTbJ¦tþehIy k*RCHzøaéRkElgeLIgza

elakm©as´TaMgLayEdlqan´GaharmYyézá

mYyeBlrhUtmYyCIvit rkSasRgÜmRBhµcriy; ‘ karRbRBwtþiZm(Edl

RbesIr ’ rhUtmYyCIvitenH:neZIVkic©EdleZIV:nedaykRm eRBaHdUecñaH edIm|IesckIþRCHzøaéRkElgeLIg dl´buK<lEdlmankarRCHzøaehIy .

Baküza edIm|IesckIþtaMgmaMénRBHsTÆmµenaH ‘ TI 9 ’ manBakü

GZib|ayza RBHsTÆmµman 3 RbkarKW 1-

briytþisTÆmµ

:ndl´sTÆmµ

sMedAdl´RBHBuTÆvcn;TaMgGs´ kñúgbidk .

KWZm(EdlKb|Ier[nsURt

2- bdibtþisTÆmµ :ndl´sTÆmµ KWZm(EdlKb|Ibdibtþi sMedA

dl´Zutg< ‘ Gg<CaeRK}gkm©at´kiels ’ 13 Rbkar caritsIl ‘ kar RbRBwtþiEdllÁ ’ varitsIl ‘ xEdlKYrev[rcak ’ smaZi

vibsSna


- 52 -

‘ ßsrub:ndl´éRtsik¡a ’ .

3- GZiKmsTÆmµ :ndl´sTÆmµ KWplEdlKb|IseRmcsMedA

dl´elakutþrZm( 9 KWmK< 4 pl 4 RBHniBVan 1 . kalsik¡abTbJ¦tþehIy

Pik¡úTaMgLay

k*sikSaer[nsURt

sik¡abT nigkarEcksik¡abT nigRBHBuTÆvcn;déT edIm|IodwgvtæúenaH>

Pik¡úTaMgLaybdibtþitamEdlbJ¦tþTukehIy

kalbdibtþioeBjbri-

bUN(ehIyk*:nelakutþrZm( ‘ Zm(Edlputvis&yénelak ’ EdlKYr :nedayvtþbdibtþi

eRBaHdUecñaH

RBHsTÆmµeTIbtaMgenA:nyUreday

sik¡abTbJ¦tþ edayehtuenH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za edIm|Ikar taMgenAénRBHsTÆmµ . Baküza

edIm|IkarGnueRKaHRBHvin&yenaH

ehIy k*CakarGnueRKaHdl´RBHvin&y

KWkalsik¡abTbJ¦tþ

4 y¨ag :ndl´ ?

1- sMvrvin&y :ndl´ vin&y KWkarsRgÜmrvaMg 2- bhanvin&y :ndl´ vin&y KWkarlH

3- smzvin&y :ndl´ vin&y KWkarsáb´rmáab´

4- bJ¦tþivin&y :ndl´ vin&y KWkartaMgbJ¦tiþeLIg eRBaHdUecñaH

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za

dl´RBHvin&y ‘ sik¡abTrbs´RBHsg¹ ’ . er]gkar:nseRmckñúgbc©úb|nñCati

edIm|IkarGnueRKaH

rbs´RBHó:lietær:n

eBalenAkñúgKm¬IrxuTÞknikay GbTan teTAeT[tedayesckIþza ?

kalRBHó:lietær:nCaRBHGrhnþehIy elak:neBaldl´


- 53 -

vasna:rmI

nigkarseRmcrbs´elakTuky¨agBisþar

cMENker]g

GtIt; dUc:nnaMmker[brab´TukkñúgxagedImenaHehIy . EtkarseRmc

smdUcR:zñarbs´elak mankarR:kdtamEdlelakRkabTUlcMeBaH RBHmanRBHPaKTukeRcInvK< edaynaMmkeBalcMeBaHEtKtixøwmsar edIm|I CaRbeyaCn¾

BaküRkabTUlrbs´elakmanesckIþza ?

bBiRtRBHGg<

x\úMRBHGg<:nseRmcRbeyaCn¾rbs´xøÜnehIy

:nGs´seJ¦aCn; ‘ kielsCaeRK}grYbrwtcitþ ’ TaMgBYgehIy burs

EdlRtÚvedatedaysñ P&yxøacedayraCGaC\a rkesckIþsuxKµan RtÚv karnwgrYcputcaksñ burs

KWkmµ

y¨agNamij

bBiRtRBHGg<RTg´CaRBHmhavIr-

x\úMRBHGg<RtÚvGaC\akñúgPBsgSarvdþeb[teb[n

eZIVoekItTuk¡evTna

rkesckIþsuxKµan

RtÚvedatedaysñ

ekþAeralraledayePøIg

TaMgbI KWraKK<i ePIøgKWesckþIeRtkRtGalrIkray eTasK<i :ndl´ePIøg

KWesckIþeRkaZ emahK<i :ndl´ ePIøgKWesckIþvegVg eTIbEsVgrkkar rYcput ‘ cakkiels ’ dUcCabursGñkEsVgrkkarrYcputcakraCGaC\a dUecñaH . ehIy

bursGñkekø{vkøaRtÚvzñaMBiseb[teb[n ‘ oekItTuk¡ekþARkhay ’ EsVgrkzñaMedIm|IBüa:l

eTIbmanesckIþsux

eRBaHGs´GMNacBisy¨agNa

vIrburs x\úMRBHGg<k*dUecñaHEdr . GviC¢a

kalEsVgrk:nehIyk*pwkzñaMenaH

nrCatiEdlRtÚvzñaMBisehIyy¨agNa

bBiRtRBHmha

x\úMRBHGg<k*CaGñkRtÚv

KWesckIþmindwgeb[teb[nehIyk*EsVgrkzñaM

KWRBHsTÆmµdUecñaH


- 54 -

kalx\úMRBHGg<

EsVgrkzñaM

KWRBHsTÆmµ

k*:neXIjRBHsasnarbs´

RBHskümunI EdlCaOszd*lÁÉk CaOszd*RbesIr Gackm©at´bg´nUv

kUnsr KWtNØaTaMgBYg x\úMRBHGg<:npwkZmµOszdkBisTaMgBYgecj x\úMRBHGg<:neXIjehIynUvRBHniBVan Carbs´RtCak´Canic© .

EdlCarbs´mincas´

GñkEdlRtÚvPUtbisaceb[teb[nehIy

minsøab´

EsVgrkRKÚexµac

edIm|I

oputcakPUtbisac kalCYbRKÚexµacd*qøatehIy eTIbkm©at´PUtbisac :n

y¨agNa

RBHmhavIrburs

x\úMRBHGg<RtÚvsPaBggwtRKbsg,t´

ehIy k*EsVgrkBnøWPWøsVag KWkardwg edIm|IoputcaksPaBggwtdUecñaH

x\úMRBHGg<:nCYbRBHskümunIEdlRTg´km©at´sPaBggwt KWkiels RBH skümunIk*:nRTg´km©at´

sPaBggwtrbs´xúMR\ BHGg<oGs´eTA

dUcRKÚ

exµackm©at´PUtbisac oec[secjeTAdUecñaH x\úMRBHGg<:nkm©at´RkEs sgSarvdþ

:nraraMgRkEstNØaehIy

:ndknUvPBTaMgBYg

RKÚexµackm©at´PUtbisacecjehIy dUecñaH .

dUcCa

EpøGasavtIRtg´sYncitþltav&n kñuúgfantavtþigS EdlekItpl

mYyBan´qñaMmYyEpø eTvtaTaMgLay rEmgeTAecameram edIm|Isg¹wm:n EpøEdlekItGMBIGasavtIenaH rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay

EpøGasavtIrEmgCaTIRsLaj´eBjcitþ

edaymanEpøCaTIKab´citþrbs´eTvta

x\úMRBHGg<k*sg¹wmcMeBaHRBHGg< kb|ehIy

RTg´CaGñkR:C\

Gs´kalmYyEsn

eRtkGrnms,arcMeBaHRBHGg<ral´RBwkláac

eTAyamrkSaEpøGasavtI dUecñaH .

y¨agNa

dUcCaeTvta


- 55 -

karbdibtþi nigkarnms,arrbs´xúMR\ BHGg<minmanpl eRBaHsUm|I

CaevlayUrbu¨nNak*eday xN;sm&yk*minXøatcakx\úMRBHGg< x\úMRBH Gg<minsmøwgeXIjbdisnÆi ‘ ekItzµI ’ eT[teLIy x\úMRBHGg<rYcputcak óbZikielsTaMgBYgehIy

p,abTumrEmgrIkedayBnøWRBHGaTitüy¨ag

Na

bBiRtRBHmhavIrburs x\úMRBHGg<k*rIkedayRBHBuTÆrsµIdUecñaH .

KP(

kartaMgKP(ebIp<rminTan´lan´drabNa

kukeQµalminmankñúgkMeNItstVkuk kalp<rlan´emkukk*taMg

k*enAminTan´taMgKP(drab

enaH kalemXmanp<reTIbmanKP(y¨agNa x\úMRBHGg<k*manKP( KWRBH Zm(edaysMeLgp<rlan´

KWsMeLgsEmþgZm(rbs´RBHbTumutþr;

smµasm¬úTÆCam©as´ x\úMRBHGg<manKP( KWbuNü rhUtGs´mYyEsnkb| EtenAminTan´putcakkarmanKP( kñúgkalemX KWZm(enAminTan´RKhwm lan´» kalNaRBHGg<RTg´RKhwmedaysMeLgemX KWZm( kñúgRkúg

kbilBsþúd*rIkray kalenaHx\úMRBHGg<eTIbputcakkarmanKP( KWsgSarvdþ KWzaRBHGg<:nseRmcsuJ¦tsmaZi GnimitþsmaZi Gb|Nihit smaZi nigpl 4 RbkarehIy TaMg:nGHGagkñúgZm(TaMgBYg . x\úMRBHGg<

:nR:zñanUvBaküeRb{nRbedArbs´RBHGg<mkrhUt

Gs´mYyEsnkb| nig:nseRmctamesckIþR:zñaehIy :ndl´nUv PaBx¬g´x¬s´kñúgRBHvin&y

dUcCaPik¡úEdlCasav½k

smµasm¬úTÆCam©as´kñúgGtItkalÉeNaH EpñkRBHvin&y

x\úMRBHGg<

rbs´RBHbTumutþr;

EdlKµanGñkesµInwgx\úMRBHGg<

RTRTg´TuknUvRBHvin&ykñúgRBHBuTÆsasnaenH

TaMgminmankareg]gqál´sgS&y

kñúgGk¡r;

ßBüJ¢n;kñúgRBHvin&yTaMg


- 56 -

5 Km¬Ir KW 1- GaTikmµ 22- :citþiy 33- mhavK< 44- culøvK<

5-

brivar

x\úMRBHGg<yl´c|as´kñúgRBHvin&y

sg,t´nUvPik¡úEdlKYrKabsg,t´

EdleBaledaykar

eBaledaykaredaHRsayPik¡úGñkeZIV

xus eBaledayrbs´KYr nigminKYr eBaledaykardak´eTasdl´Pik¡ú tamRBHvin&yenaH

x\úMRBHGg<dl´nUvPaBx¬g´x¬s´

RBHvin&yTaMgBYg TaMgrbs´Pik¡ú nigPik¡únI .

nigyl´c|as´kñúg

bBiRtRBHmhavIr; x\úMRBHGg<eQµaHza ó:li sUmzVaybg<MnUv

RBHyuKl:Trbs´RBHGg<

kñúgkal«LÚvenH

x\úMRBHGg<nwgecjcak

RsúkenHeTAkan´RsúkÉeNaH ecjcakRkúgenHeTAkan´RkúgÉeNaH sUm nms,arRBHBuTÆ RBHZm( RBHsg¹ CamunehIyeTIbeTA x\úMRBHGg<:ndut

kielsasv;TaMgLayoGs´eTA :ndkPBTaMgBYgehIy minmankar vilvl´ekItsøab´teTAeT[t sasnaenH

karEdlx\úMRBHGg<

cat´CakarRbesIrBit

:ncUleTAkñúgRBHBuTÆ

eRBaHx\úMRBHGg<:nseRmcviC¢a

3

bdismÖiTa 4 viemak¡ 8 nigGPiJ¦a 6 Rbkar TaMg:neZIVtamBakü eRb{nRbedArbs´RBHBuTÆehIy .

lTÆplrbs´RBHó:lietær

RbeyaCn¾y¨ageRcIn

EpñkRBHvin&y

kñúgkarvinicä&yGZikrN¾

Layoyl´EpñkRBHvin&y .

elak:neZIV

nigeRb{nRbedAPik¡úTaMg

EtlTÆplrbs´RBHó:lietær Edlrab´zaCaTI 1 nigKg´vgSCa

esckIþsMxan´Cab´tmkdl´bc©úb|nñenH

KWkarEdlelak:nrYmCamYy

RBHGriysg¹cMnYn 499 rUb eZIV ²bfmsg<ayna³ KWkarRbCuMsg¹


- 57 -

rYbrYmRBHZm(vin&yCaRKadMbUg oelakcUlrYm

manRBHmhaksSbetærCaRbZandwknaM

eRkayBIRBHmanRBHPaKesþcrMlt´xnÆbriniBVan

bUCaePøIgRBHbrmsBeRscehIy . RBHó:lietær

nig

:nTTYlnaTIBIGriysg¹kñúgTIRbCuMKN;sg¹

edIm|IeZIVsg<aynaRBHéRtbidk KWbidk 3 :ndl´ 1- RBHvin&ybidk 2-

RBHsutþnþbidk

3-

RBHGPiZmµbidk

Edl:nRbCuMsg¹sPa

seRmcoelakCa sg<ahketær KWoelakmannaTIvisC¢na ‘ eqøIy ßedaHRsay ’ RBHvin&ybidk1 kNþalRBHGrhnþsav½kEdl:nviC¢a 3 nigGPiJ¦a 6 cMnYn 499 rUb .

karEdlRBHó:lietær:nTTYlnaTIBIsg¹sPa oCaGñkvis-

C¢naRBHvin&ybidk eRBaHelakCaGñkmankarecHdwg KWmanPaBGg´Gac

ßmanPaBkøahankñúgEpñkenH sresIrelak

rhUtRBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´RTg´elIk

oCaGñkelIsCageKEpñkRTRTg´RBHvin&y .

er]geZIVnaTIvisC¢naRBHvin&yrbs´RBHó:lietær manRbkasTuk

kñúgGdðkzabfmsmnþb|asaTika nigGdðkzasumg<lvilasinI esckIþza? kalRBHGannÞetær eLIgKg´elIGasn;RBHsg¹kMNt´oehIy

eTIbRBHmhaksSbetærRbwkSanwgPik¡úTaMgLayza Gavuesa GñkmanGayu

TaMgLay BYkeyIgnwgsg<aynaGVI etIRBHZm( ßRBHvin&ymunhñ@ .

BYkPik¡úTaMgLayeqøIyza bBiRtRBHmhaksSb; RBHvin&yKWCa

1

RBHvin&ybidk RbmUlRBHBuTÆvcn; EpñkxagRBHvin&y KWRBHBuTÆb|J¦tþi EdlCakar ham karGnuJ¦at nigGPismacarsRmab´Pik¡ú rYmehAza RBHvin&y ßsIl .


- 58 -

GayuRBHBuTÆsasna

kalRBHvin&ytaMgenAmaM

RBHBuTÆsasnak*taMg

enA eRBaHdUecñaH BYkeyIgsg<aynaRBHvin&ymuncuH .

RBHmhaksSbetærsYrza nwgoelakrUbNaTTYlPar;EpñkenH

hñ@ Pik¡úTaMgLayeqøIyza oRBHó:lietærTTYlPar;EpñkenH . RBHmhaksSbetærsYrza

:nß /

Pik¡úTaMgLayeqøIyza

Etmanehtuplmü¨ag

RBHGannÞminGacTTYlPar;EpñkenH

RBHGannÞmanPaBCMnajy¨agBitR:kd

kalRBHsmµasm¬úTÆCam©as´RTg´Kg´RBHCnµenA

eLIy eRBaHRTg´GaRs&yRBHvin&ybriytþi ‘ karer[nRBHvin&y ’ enH :n

sæabnaRBHó:liTukkñúgtMENgÉtTK<; eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbPik¡úTaMgLay RbwkSaKñaza BYkeyIgnwgsYrRBHó:liedIm|Isg<aynaRBHvin&y . lMdab´enaH

eTIbRBHmhaksSbetær:nsnµtxøÜnedayxøÜnÉg

edIm|InwgsYrnUvRBHvin&y .

cMENkRBHó:lietær

k*:nsnµtxøÜnedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kar

eZIVnaTIkñúgkarvisC¢na luHelak:nsnµtxøÜny¨agenHehIy eTIbeRkak cakGasn;

RKgcIvr

zVaybg<MRBHezr;TaMgLayehIy

eLIgKg´elI

Zmµasn; ‘ TIsRmab´sEmþgZm( ’ cab´pøitvalvICnI mandgeZIVedayPøúk y¨aglÁviciRt .

kareZIVnaTICaGñkvisC¢na RBHvin&ybidkrbs´RBHó:lietær man

R:kdkñúgRBH:lIKm¬IrculøvK< RBHvin&ybidkénbJ©sttikk¡nÆk; kñúg Gdðkzasmnþb|asaTika nigkñúgGdðkzasumg<lvilasinI esckIþza ?


- 59 -

RKaenaH

RBHmhaksSbetærRbkasoRBHsg¹:nRCabehIy

k*epþImsYrRBHvin&ynwgRBHó:li .

cMENkRBHó:lietær :nRbkasoRBHsg¹RCabehIy eTIb

epIþmvisC¢naRBHvin&y .

mñaló:li bfm:raCiksik¡abT KW:raCikTI 1 RBHmanRBH-

PaKRTg´bJ¦tþienATINa /

RBHó:lietærvisC¢naza

evsalI elakm©as´ !

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bJ¦tþienAkñúgnKr

RBHmhaksSbetærÇ RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´R:rBÆbuK<lNa / RBHó:lietærÇ

elakm©as´ !

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´R:rBÆPik¡úsuTinñklnÞkbutþ

RBHmhaksSbetærÇ eRBaHmaner]gGVI /

RBHó:lietærÇ eRBaHmaner]gesBemzunZmµ bnÞab´mk

elakm©as´ !

RBHmhaksSbetær:nsYrRBHó:lietærdl´

vtæú

niTan buK<l bJ¦tþi Gnub|Ba¦tþi Gabtþi Gnabtþi énbfm:raCik sik¡abTnwgRBHó:lietær ehIysYrteTAdl´Tutiy:raCiksik¡abT KW :raCikTI 2 - 3 - 4 za RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bJ¦tþiTINaÇÇÇ . l .

bnÞab´mk RBHmhaksSbetær:nsYrdl´vtæú .l. Gnabtþién

:raCiksik¡abTTI 2-3-4 nwgRBHó:lietær ehIyeTIbsYr óPetaviPg< vin&yTaMgBIrcMENkKWcMENkPik¡ú nigcMENkPik¡únIedayviZIenaHÉg . RBHó:lietær:nvisC¢na nUvBakübucäarbs´RBHmhaksSbetær


- 60 -

Edl:nsYrehIyEdr .

karrYbrYmRBHvin&ybidk EdlRBHezr;TaMgLayeZIVeLIg mankar

eBalTukkñúgGdðkzabfmsmnþb|asaTika vilasinI manesckIþza ?

nigkñúgGdðkzasumg<l-

lMdab´enaH RBHezr;TaMgLayelIk:raCik1 4 sik¡abT eLIg

kan´karsg<ayna rYbrYmzaenHeQµaH :raCikk&NÐ elIksg¹aTiess sik¡abTza etrsk&NÐ elIk 2 sik¡abTza Gniyt; elIk 30 sik¡abTza nisSK<iy:citþiy taMg 92 sik¡abTza :citþiy taMg 4 sik¡abTza :dieTsnIy elIk 75 sik¡abTza esk¡iy nigtaMgZm(

7 Rbkarza GZikrNsmz; ehIyRbkassik¡abT 227 sik¡abTza

Km¬IrmhaviPg< .

luHRBHezr;TaMgLayelIk

y¨agenHehIy

lMdab´tBIenaH

mhaviPg<2

eLIgkan´sg<ayna

eTIb:neZIVkarsg<aynaPik¡únIviPg<

eRscehIy eTIbtaMg:raCik 8 sik¡abTkñúgPik¡únIviPg<eQµaH :raCik1

:raCik Gñkcalcaj´ sg¹aTiess GabtþiEdlRtÚvGaRs&ysg¹kñúgkmµxagedIm nig

kmµd*ess Gniyt; mineT[gTat´ nisSK<iy:citþiy; GabtþiEdlRtÚvlHvtæúmunsMEdgGabtiþ

:citþiy; KWkarelµIsEdljúaMgkusloZøak´cuH :dieTsnIy; KWKb|IsEmþgecj esk¡iy;

KYrsikSa GZikrNsmz; sRmab´rmáab´er]gEdlekIteLIg. Gabtþi:raCikeZVIoGñkRtÚv dac´

Pav;CaPik¡ú sg¹aTiess CaGabtþiZán´rgBI:raCik sg¹CaGñkvinicä&yeTasoenAbrivaskmµ KW

karCRmHeTasesµIcMnYnézáEdlbiT:Mg nwgRtÚvGaRs&ysg¹rhUtGs´kic© eTIbputcakeTas cMENkGabtþieRkABIenaHcat´CaBYkGabtþiRsal xøÜndl´sg¹ ßPik¡údéT .

nigputcakeTas:nedaykarsEmþgrbs´

2 mhaviPg< :ndl´karEbgEckZMCaeQµaHmYy kñúg 5 cMENkrbs´RBHvin&y .


- 61 -

k&NÐ taMg

17

sik¡abTza stþrsk&NÐ elIk

30

sik¡abTza

nisSK<iy:citþiy taMg 166 sik¡abTza :citþiy taMg 8 sik¡abT za :dieTsnIy taMg 75 sik¡abTza esk¡iy nigelIkZm( 7 Rbkar za GZikrNsmz; Rbkassik¡abT 311 sik¡abT za Pik¡únIviPg< ehIytaMgeQµaHviPg<za óPetaviPg< ‘ karEcksik¡abTTaMgBIrcMENk ’ . kalRBHezr;TaMgLayeZIVsg<aynaRBHéRtbidk

elIkKm¬Ir

xnÆk; KWmhavK< culøvK< nigKm¬Irbrivar; ‘ eQµaHKm¬IrRBHvin&ybidkcug eRkay ’

eLIgkan´sg<aynaedaykic©enHehIy

bidkenHza RBHvin&ybidk .

eTIbRbkaseQµaH

RBHmhaksSb; :nsYrRBHvin&ybidkTaMgGs´ RBHó:lietær

k*:nvisC¢naehIyEdr . kñúgTIbMputénkarbucäa nigvisC¢na RBHGrhnþ

500 rUb :neZIVkarsVaZüayn¾ ‘ karsUZü ’ CaKN;edayn&yEdl elIkeLIgsg<aynaenaH .

kñúgGvsanénkarsg<aynaRBHvin&y RBHó:lietærdak´pøitval

vICnId*viciRtedayPøúk

ehIycuHcakZmµasn;

elak:nzVaybg<MPik¡ú

TaMgLayEdlcas´vsSaCagelak eTIbGg<úyelIGasn;EdlsmKYr dl´xøÜn .

RBHvin&ybidkEdlRBHó:lietærvisC¢naehIy

man 5 Km¬IrKW ; 1-

GaTikmµ

sik¡abTenaH>

KWGñkeZIV

ebIrab´CaKm¬Ir

ßPikú¡GñkeZIVehtuCaxagedImbJ¦tþikñúg

eBaledaysik¡abT

EdlTak´TgCamYynwgGabtþiZán´


- 62 -

rbs´Pik¡úsg¹ taMgBI:raCikrhUtdl´Gniy&t 2cuH

.

:citþiy; KWkarRbRBwtþielµIsEdljúaMgkuslZm(oZøak´

eBaledaysik¡abT

EdlTak´TgCamYynwgGabtþiRsal

nisSK<iy:citþiy; rhUtdl´esk¡iyvtþ

rYmTaMgPik¡únIviPg<pg .

taMgBI

3- mhavK< KWvK<ZM ßBYkZM EdleBaledaysik¡abTeRkABI

:tiemak¡ xagedIm 10 xnÆk; ßvK< 10 .

4- culøvK< KWvK<tUc ßBYktUc EdleBaledaysik¡abTxag

cug 12 xnÆk; ß 12 vK< .

5- brivarvK< KWBYkEdlCacMENkRbkbedayBaküsYr Bakü

eqøIy beg,IncMeNHdwgEpñkRBHvin&y . ebIrab´rYmTaMg 5 Km¬Ir RtÚvCaRBH Zmµk¡nÆ 21000 RBHZmµk¡nÆ ÉeQµaHTaMg 5 Km¬IrenaH manBaküehA

edayseg¡b za GaÇ :Ç mÇ cuÇ bÇ . Etza RBHvin&ybidkenH mankarEckCaKm¬IrmYyEbbeT[tCa cMNucxagedImenaHCazµI KW ; 1-

mhaviPg<

5

ßPik¡úviPg<

Km¬IrdUcKña

edaycat´CaBIr

eBaledaysik¡abTkñúg:tiemak¡

‘sIl 227 cMNuc ’ rbs´Pik¡úsg¹ .

2- Pik¡únIviPg< eBaledaysik¡abTkñúg:tiemak¡ ‘sIl 311

cMNuc ’ rbs´Pik¡únIsg¹ . 3- mhavK< mü¨ageT[t

4- culøvK<

5- brivar; .

RBHvin&yeRb{bdUcCa

ZmµnuJ¦

ßc|ab´rbs´stV

elak eRBaHeRbICac|ab´sRmab´RKb´RKgKN;sg¹ omanPaBesµIKña


- 63 -

ekItCareb[ber[bryedayÉknþ; ebIxVHvin&yEdlCac|ab´RKb´RKgehIy BYkKN;nwgtaMgenAmin:n eBjcitþrbs´xøÜn esckIþBit

ebIGñkdéTnwgkMNt´c|ab´eLIgtamkar

ßrbs´sg<ménBYkxøÜn

edaymin:nRbkan´eKal

ßesckIþRtwmRtÚvtamehtuplEdllÁ

CabnÞat´karbJ¦tþi

eLIg rEmgxVHZm(eT[gEtgEtmanGKti KWkarlMeG[glak´:Mg . cMENkRBHvin&ybidk

tYelxEdlRtwmRtÚv

Cac|ab´bJ¦tþiEdlmanehtupl

manKtiyutþiZm(

man

eTIbmanGayuEvgCasc©Zm(mk

rhUtdl´bc©úb|nñenH ehIymansPaBsæitesærKg´vg´teTAGnaKtGs´ kald*yUr .

‘ cb´CIvRbvtþiRBHó:lietær ’

YYYYYY


- 64 -

 CIvRbvtþirbs´RB¼«besnvg:nþbutþetSr  EdlCaÉtTKÁ³ EpñkGñknaMmknUvesckIþRCHføaedayCuMvij RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær fannþrsk��i

80

rUb

×

EdlCaRBHGrhnþsavk

mantMENg

nigRTRTg´ekrþeQµaHkñúgcMeNamRBHmhasavkénRBHBuTÆ

TaMgCakmøaMgsMxan´

sasnaoTUlMTUlayeTA dwgy¨agéRkElg .

kñúgkarpSBVpSayRBHZmµvin&yénRBHBuTÆ

eTIbCIvRbvtþirbs´elak

KYrosikSayl´

eQµaHrbs´RBHezr;enH ehAza óbesn k*:n ß óbesn-

vg<nþbutþk*:n . ehtuEdlehAza óbesnvg<nþbutþ eRBaHRtÚv:nnaM eQµaHrbs´elakza

óbesn

bUkrYmCamYynwgeQµaHbitarbs´elak

EdleQµaHza vg<nþ; cMENkBaküza buRtEdlbnþxagcugeQµaHenaHCa sk¡IPaBedIm|IR:b´odwgza

elakCabuRtrbs´vg<nþRJhµN¾ .

CIvRbvtþirbs´RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærenH

mansEmþgenAkñúg

GdðkzamenarzbUrNI EdlBnül´:lIGg<útþrnikay Ékni:t nigkñúg

GdðkzabrmtæTIbnI EdlBnül´:lIóbesnvg<nþetærKaza Km¬IrxuTÞknikay

ezrKaza

rbs´vg<nþRJhµN¾

manesckIþza

RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærenH

EdlCaemRsúk

nignagsarIRJhµNI

CabuRt

kñúgRsúk

eQµaHza nalk; ß nalnÞa kñúgmKZrdð ‘ EdnmKZ; ’ namedImza ²óbesnmaNB³

CabÁÚnRbúsrbs´RBHsarIbutþetær

elakmanbgbÁÚn

TaMgGs´ 7 nak´ manRbús 4 nak´ RsI 3 nak´ . Rbús 4 nak´enaH KW


- 65 -

RBHsarIbutþetær 1 RBHcunÞetær 1 RBHóbesnetær 1 RBHervtetær 1 . RsI 3 nak´enaH KWnagcala 1 nagóbcala 1 nagsIsubcala 1 .

óbesnmaNBmanv½yceRmIneLIgehIy :nsikSarhUtcb´viC¢a éRtevTkñúgsasnarbs´RJhµN¾tamRtkUl énRJhµN¾enaH bYgsYg

.

rIÉviC¢aéRtevTkñúglTÆi

CatRmasEmþgnUvkarbUCayJ¦CamYymnþsRmab´Esn

nigsUZüGgVrkRBHCam©as´rbs´eK .

eRkaymk óbesnmaNB eTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaK ehIy:n

sþab´RBHZm(rbs´RBHbrmsasþa mansTÆaRCHzøa KWkareC]kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna ehIy:necjbBVC¢akñúgRBHBuTÆsasna CaPik¡úRbRBwtþbdibtþi

smNkic©tamnaTI . RKaRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþóbsm|&TehIy:nmYy

vsSa k*Kitza eyIgnwgCYyeZIVoRBHBuTÆsasnaceRmIneLIgedayBYk RBHGriysg¹

eTIbtaMgxøÜnCaRBHóbCÄay¾

bMbYskulbuRtmYykñúg

smñak´rbs´elak .

kaldl´ézábvarNaTI 2 eT[tenaH RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþ cab´

BIbYsmk:n 2 vsSabu¨eNÑaH cMENksTÆiviharikrbs´elakenaH:n 1 vsSa .

xageRkayBIézábvarNaehIy

RBHóbesnvg<nþbuRtKitza

eyIgnaMsTiÆviharikeTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaK eyIg

RBHGg<nwgeR:sR:N

eTIbnaMsisSrUbenaHeTAKal´RBHsasþa .

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´sYrRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþza

GñkbYs:nbu¨nµanvsSaehIy .

ebI

mñalóbesn


- 66 -

RBHóbesnvg<nþRkabTUleqøIyza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn

RBHGg<bYs:nBIrvsSaehIy RBHGg< .

x\úM

RBHbrmsasþaRtas´sYreT[tza Pik¡úrUbenHbYs:nbu¨nµanvsSa /

RBHóbesnvg<nþRkabTUleqøIy bBiRtRBHg<d*ceRmIn Pik¡úrUbenH

bYs:nmYyvsSaehIyRBHGg< .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´sYr

GVInwgGñk /

bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn

mñalóbesn

Pik¡úrUbenH

Pik¡úrUbenHRtÚvCa

CasTÆiviharikrbs´xúMR\ BHGg<

RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþRkabTUl edayR:zñanwg:nTTYlsþab´BuTÆtRmas´ sresIrGMBIehtuEdlxøÜnKit

.

En@ emaXburs GñkeZIVxøÜnCaGñkR:zñaeRcInéRkeBk kalRBHBuTÆ

Gg<Rtas´dUecñHehIy eTIbRTg´tiHed[ledayGenkbriyay . er]gkartaMgxøÜnCaóbCÄay¾

eBalmkehIyenH

rbs´RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær

manR:kdBisþarenAkñúgRBH:lIKm¬IrmhavK<

vin&ybidkrbs´mhaxnÆk; esckIþza ?

dUc

RBH

kñúgRKaenaH Pik¡úTaMgLayoóbsm|&Tdl´sTÆiviharik kñúgevla

EdlxøÜnÉgbYs:nmYyvsSaxøH

ßBIrvsSaxøH .

cMENkRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþ

rbs´xøÜn

:noóbsm|&Tdl´sTÆiviharik

EtkñúgevlaEdlelakbYs:nRtwmmYyvsSabu¨eNÑaH

ecjvsSaehIy eTIbelak:nBIrvsSa . ézámYy

eRkayBIézábvarNaehIy

luH

eTIbelaknaMsTÆiviharik


- 67 -

rbs´elakeTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaK edayKitza RBHBuTÆGg<nwgeR:s R:N

luHdl´TIRbzab´cUlKal´RkabzVaybg<MRBHmanRBHPaKehIy

k*Gg<úykñúgTId*smKYrmYy . ZmµtaRBHBuTÆCam©as´TaMgLay RTg´sEmþg esckIþeRtkGrrak´Tak´ CamYynwgPik¡úTaMgLayEdlCaGaKnþúk; KWGñk

mkzIµR:zñaedIm|ICYbRBHGg<BITisanuTisminerIsmux RTg´eZIVbdisNðarkic©y¨agesµaHesµIrhUteTACaBuTÆb|evNI . kñúgsm&yenaH

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´bdisNðar;edayRtas´

sYrRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþza mñalvg<nþbutþ suxsb|ayß kareZIVdMeNIr mkminlM:keTß .

bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn x\úMRBHGg<suxsb|ay kareZIVdMeNIrman

karlM:kbnþicbnþÜc

RBHGg<

RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþTUleqøIy

.

ZmµtaehtukarN¾enaH> RBHBuTÆTaMgLayRTg´RCabehIyRtas´

sYrk*man

minRtas´sYrk*man

Rtas´sYrk*man

RTg´BicarNaemIlkalehIy

minRtas´sYrk*man

eTIb

Rtas´sYrkic©EdlmanRbeyaCn¾

b¨ueNÑaH minRtas´sYrkic©EdlminmanRbeyaCn¾eT . RBHBuTÆTaMMgLay

rEmgRtas´sYrPik¡uúTaMgLayedayehtuBIr

y¨ag KW ?

edayRTg´RBHtRmiHza

sik¡abT

1

.

esnvg<nþbutþza

kñúgRKaenaH

mñalPik¡ú

RBHmanRBHPaK

nwgRTg´sEmþgZm(

RBHmanRBHPaK

1

nwgRTg´bJ¦tþ

RTg´Rtas´sYrRBHób-

GñkbYs:nbu¨nµanvsSaÇÇÇÇÇ .

RTg´sþab´BaküTUleqøIyrbs´RBHóbesnPik¡ú


- 68 -

ehIy eTIbRTg´Rtas´das´et]nza mñalemaXburs kareZIVkñúgkic©enHCa rbs´EdlminsmKYr

minKYrdl´smN;eT

GñkCaGñkKYrTTYlnUvkar

eRb{nRbedA EtehtuGVIhñ@ eTIbyl´za xøÜnKYreRb{nRbedAGñkdéT Gñk EsVgrker]gxVl´lM:k

KWTak´TgBYkKN;eRcIn

minEmnCaehtuoekItesckIþRCHzøa ekItesckþIRCHzøaéRkElgeLIg rbs´GñkenH

kareZIVrbs´GñkenH

dl´GñkEdlminTan´RCHzøa

dl´GñkEdlRCHzøaehIyk*eT

manEteZIVminoekItesckþIRCHzøa

ßo

kareZIV

dl´GñkEdlminTan´

RCHzøa eZIVoGñkEdlRCHzøaehIy Qb´manesckIþRCHzøavijbu¨eNÑaH . RKaRBHmanRBHPaK

sik¡abT za ? buRt

RTg´tiHed[ldUecñHehIy

eTIbRTg´bJ¦tþ

Pik¡úmanvsSaticCag 10 vsSa minKYroóbsm|&Tdl´kulPik¡úNao

manvsSa

10

Pik¡úenaHRtÚvGabtþiTuk,d1

ßeRcInCag

10

kulbuRt:n KWeZIVCaóbCÄay¾:n .

tzaKtGnuJ¦atoPikú¡

vsSaeLIgeTA

oóbsm|&Tdl´

cb´er]gRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær kñúgKm¬IrmhavK< RBHvin&ybidk . cMENker]gRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær

mankñúgGdðkzaKm¬Irmena-

rzbUrNI :neBalteTAeT[t manesckIþza ? kalRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþ

eTIbRkabzVaybg<MlaecjGMBITIKal´ 1

RtÚvRBHmanRBHPaKtiHed[lehIy edayKitza

eyIgRtÚvtiHed[l

Tuk,d eZVIminlÁ CaeQµaHGabtþimYyCMBUkkñúgGabtþi 7 y¨ag :ndl´ 1- :raCik

2- sg¹aTiess 3- zuløc©&y 4- :citþiy; 5- :diesTniy; 6- Tuk,d 7- TuBÖasit .


- 69 -

eRBaHbrivar

eyIgnwgoRBHBuTÆGg<RbTansaZukardl´eyIg

GaRs&ybrivarrbs´eyIg eBjvg´dUecñaH .

eRBaH

edayRTg´manRBHP®kþEdleRb{bdUcRBHc&nÞ

kalelakKitdUecñHehIy eTIbeTAceRmInvibsSnaenAkñúgTIkEnøg

d*smKYrmYy kñúgézáenaHnu@HÉg elakCaGñkminRbmaT minyUrbu¨nµank* seRmcRBHGrhtþ

CaRBHGriybuK<lCan´x¬s´bMputkñúgRBHBuTÆsasna

ehIyelakCaGñkRbRBwtþenAkñúgZutg< 13 Rbkar TaMgelak:neQµaH za mansisS nigbrivareRcIn

.

mUlehtuEdlkulbuRtRCHzøa

smñak´rbs´elakeRcIndUecñaH

eRBaHza

cUlmkbBVC¢aóbsm|Takñúg

RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærecj

bBVC¢aGMBIRtkUlZM 1 elakCaZmµkzikd*Qøas sEmþgZm(EdleRb{b dUcCaEpndI manCMen]

rbs´elak

1

eTIbmanBYkkulbuRtCacMnYneRcInmansTÆaRCHzøa

nigRCHzøakñúgZmµkzarbs´elak

ehIyecjbYskñúgsmñak´

GMBIRtkUlEdlCajatisaelahitxøH

nigCaRtkUlGamatüxøH .

elak:neBalza

KW

Camitþsmøaj´xøH

¹CaGñksmaTanGarBa¦ikZutg<

kalBYk

elakGackan´Zutg<:n BYkelakk*nwg:nbBVC¢a . eBaldUecñHehIy eTIbelakbeRg{nZutg<dl´kulbuRtTaMgenaH

Baküza

Zutg<

:ndl´

Zm(CaeRK}gkm©at´kiels ßEdlniymehAza Zutg<vtþ EdlsMedAdl´

karbdibtþiedIm|Ikm©at´kiels ßkic©EdlPik¡úGñkkan´Zutg<KYreZIV manTaMg Gs´ 13 RbkarKW ?


- 70 -

1- bgSúkUlikZutg< RTRTg´sMBt´bgSúkUlCavtþ . 2- etcIvrikZutg< RTRTg´éRtcIvrCavtþ .

3- biNÐ:tikZutg< smaTankarRtac´biNÐ:tCavtþ .

4- sbTancarikZutg< edIrbiNÐ:teTAtamlMdab´RckCavtþ .

5- ÉkasnikZutg< smaTankarGg<úyqan´kñúgGasn;mYyCavtþ 66- btþbiNÐ:tikZutg< smaTankarqan´kñúg:Rt 1 Cavtþ .

7-

xlubcäaPtþikZutg<

smaTankarhamPtþEdlnaMmkRbeKn

kñúgxageRkayCavtþ KWqan´EtmYyeBl .

8- GarJ¦ikZutg< smaTankarenAéRBCavtþ .

9- ruk¡mUlikZutg< smaTankarenAEk|rKl´eQICavtþ .

1010- GeBÖakasikZutg< smaTankarenAkñúgTIvalCavtþ .

1111- esasanikZutg< smaTankarenAkñúgéRBsµsanCavtþ .

1212- yzasnætikZutg< smaTankarenAkñúgGasn;EdleKcat´

Ecgoy¨agNamYyCavtþ .

1313- ensC¢ikZutg< smaTankarGg<úyCavtþ ‘ minedk ’ .

Zutg<TaMgenH RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærnaMmkbeRg{ndl´sTÆiviharik

TaMgLayrbs´elak tamn&yEdlRBHBuTÆGg<RTg´GnuBa¦atTuk eday

RTg´manBuTÆbMNgnwgobdibtiþCaeRK}gdusxat´kiels KWeRK}gesAhµg EdlRtaMenAkñúgcitþ

CaGkuslehtuoekItesckIþR:zñaeRcIn

cMENkEdlxøÜnman

ßKb|Irk:n

nigo

pøas´bþÚrsPaBcitþeTACakarR:zñatic senþas KWesckIþeRtkGrEtkñúg edIm|IkarBarcitþminoxVl´xVaykñúg


- 71 -

laPrbs´GñkdéTkñúgpøÚvEdlxussIlZm( .

ehIyZutg<TaMgenH nrNanwgsµ&RKcitþbdibtþiNamYyk*:n ß

eBjcitþbdibtþiTaMg 13 k*:n ekIteLIgedayesckIþsµ&RKcitþ minEmn Cakarbg<ab´bJ¢a

dUcCaRBHvin&yEdlRtÚvbdibtþiy¨agdac´xat

RKb´

sik¡abTeT . kalRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærbeRg{nZutg<vtþdl´kulbuRt ehIy

kulbuRtTaMgenaHk*niyayTTYlza

bBiRtelakm©as´óbesn

BYkx\úMGackan´GarJ¦ikZutg< KWkarenAéRBCavtþ:n elakm©as´ .

RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþ eTIbokulbuRtTaMgenaHbBVC¢aCasameNr

kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna . kulbuRtTaMgBYgluH:nbBVC¢aehIy k*taMgcitþ GZidðanZutg<vtþenaH>

edayxøÜnÉg .

cMENkRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþ :nrMlwknUvRBHvin&yoCMnaj nig

beRg{nbnþrhUtelakmanvsSa:n enaH

10

óbsm|&TCaPik¡úkñúgRBHBuTÆsasna

óbsm|&TTaMgGs´manRbmaN 500 rUb

vsSa

brmsasþaRbzab´enAkñúgvtþeCtBnmhavihar mñalPik¡úTaMgLay R:b´dUecñHehIy mYyeLIy .

eTIbokulbuRtTaMg

rYmkulbuRtEdlelako

. kñúgsm&ymYy

Rtas´R:b´Pik¡úsg¹za

tzaKtR:zñanwgenAEtmñak´ÉgRtwmknøHEx

Rbzab´enAmYyRBHGg<Ég

RBH-

Rtas´

minTak´TgCamYyPik¡úNa

cMENkPik¡úTaMgLay k*taMgktikaKñaeLIgza ? GñkNacUleTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaK

Gabtþi:citþiy;ecj

kñúgRKaenaH

RtÚvoGñkenaHsEmþg

RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþKitza

nwgmk


- 72 -

Kal´RBHbrmsasþa eTIbmkkan´vtþeCtBnmhavihar CamYynwgbrivar rbs´elak

:ncUlzVaybg<MRBHbrmelaknazehIy

TId*smKYrdl´Gasn;rbs´xøÜn

.

RBHmanRBHPaK

viharikmYyrUbrbs´RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær

Gg<úycuHkñúg

Rtas´nwgsTÆi-

edIm|Iomaner]gsnÞnaza

En@Pik¡ú sMBt´bgSúkUlCaTIeBjcitþrbs´Gñkß . bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn

sMBt´bgSúkUlminCaTIeBjcitþrbs´xúM\

RBHGg<eT sTÆiviharikrUbenaHRkabTUleqøIyoRBHGg<RTg´RCab za ? karEdlkan´bgSúkUlikZutg<rbs´xúMR\ BHGg<

eRBaHkareKarBkñúg

RBHóbCÄay¾rbs´xúMR\ BHGg< . eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RbTansaZukar

dl´RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærkñúger]genHza lÁehIy> óbesn ehIy RTg´sEmþgKuNkzarbs´RBHezr;eT[t

edayGenkb|kar .

RBHBuTÆtRmas´EdlRtas´saZukarkñúgRKaenH

RtÚvcitþrbs´RBH

óbesnvg<nþbutþetær edayelak:nZøab´KitTuk eBlEdlRtÚvtiHed[l za nwgRtÚveZIVesckIþlÁoRBHmanRBHPaK RbTansaZukaro:n k*:n smtamR:zñaBit> .

eRkABIRBHBuTÆGg<

:nRbTansaZukar

nigRTg´sEmþgKuNkza

dUceBalehIy kñúgRBH:lIGg<útþrnikay Ékni:t eBalza ? bnþmkCaxageRkay

RBHGriysg¹

smNskþiza ?

RBHGg<esþcecjRbzab´Kg´kñúgkNþal

RTg´EtgtaMgRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

óbesn

Tukkñúgfannþr

CaGñkRbesIrCagPik¡úTaMgLay


- 73 -

EdlCasav&krbs´tzaKt

EpñknaMmknUvesckIþRCHzøaedayCuMvij

edayTUeTAkñúgBYkCnTaMgzñak´x¬s´ nigzñak´Tab .

ß

maner]gbrivitk,rbs´RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær EdleBalTukkñúg

RBH:lIóbesnvg<nþbutþsURt Km¬IrxuTÞknikayóTan sm&ymYy

RBHmanRBHPaK

esckIþza ?

RTg´Rbzab´enAkñúgvtþevLúv&nCa

klnÞknivabsæan ‘ kEnøgEdlRBHraCaRbTancMNIdl´stVkEgØn ’ EdltaMg

enACitRkúgraCRKwH . RKaenaH RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærec[secjeTAenA kñúgTIkM:Mg

:nekItesckþIRtiHriH

CalaPrbs´eyIghñ@

RTg´CaRBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆ

bYsCabBVCitkñúgRBHZmµvin&y

kñúgcitþeLIgy¨agenHza

eyIg:nseRmcehIy

RTg´CaRBHsasþarbs´eyIg

eyIgecj

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´TuklÁehIy

mitþsRBhµcarIrbs´eyIgmanZm(d*sÁat sIlTaMgLay

RBHmanRBHPaK

eyIgCaGñkeZIVobribUN(kñúg

CaGñkmancitþtaMgmaMmYnedaylÁ

eyIgCaRBHGrhnþ

xINaRsB ‘ RBHGrhnþEdlGs´Gasv;ehIy ’ ehIyeyIgCaGñkman#TÆi

eRcIn manGanuPaBeRcIn CIvitrbs´eyIgCaCIvitd*lÁ esckIþsøab´rbs´ eyIgk*CaesckIþsøab´d*lÁ .

kñúgxN;enaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RCabnUvbrivitk,kñúgcitþrbs´

RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþedayRBHT&yehIy RTg´bnøWRBHóTaneLIgkñúgevla enaHza ?

CIvitrEmgmineZIVobuK<lNaekþARkhay

buK<lenaHrEmgmin

esakesAkñúgkalCaxageRkay KWevlasøab´ ebIbuK<lmanbJ¦aeXIj


- 74 -

c|as´bTénZm(ehIy

rEmgminesakesAkñúgkNþalBYkstV

Edl

mankaresakesA Pik¡úEdlmanPvtNØa ‘ karR:zñakñúgPB ’ :nkat´ pþac´ehIy

mancitþsáb´

eT[teLIy .

manCatisgSarGs´eTAehIy

rEmgminekIt

kñúgRBHóTanenH manBaküGZib|ayesckIþ tamEdlRBHGdð-

kzacarü:nGZib|ayTukdUecñH

. Baküza

Pik¡úEdlmanPvtNØa:n

kat´pþac´ehIy GZib|ayza Gñkkat´pþac´tNØaeday ²GriymK<³ ‘ KW jaNEdloseRmcPaBCaRBHGriy;

ßCapøÚvd*RbesIr

RbkarTaMgBYgehIy .

:ndac´eday

Baküza mancitþsáb´ eRBaHrmáab´kiels:nGs´ehIy Baküza

manCatisgSarGs´eTAehIy KWGs´karvilsøab´vilekIteT[t Baküza minekItkñúgPBzµIeT[t ehIy

eRBaHkat´PvtNØadac´ehIy

eRBaHGs´CatisgSarehIy .

eRBaHmancitþsáb´

enAmaner]gRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetærkñúgKm¬IrxuTÞknikay GbTan

mankareBalCIvRbvtþiTaMgGtIt

nigbc©úb|nñrbs´elakedayxøÜnelak

eRkayBI:nCaRBHGrhnþehIyza ?

x\úMcUleTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaKRBHnamza RBHbTumutþr; RBHGg<Ca

eqñImkñúgelak Gg´GacCagnr; RbesIrCagnrCn jkPñM .

EdlRTg´Kg´enAkñúg

RKaenaH x\úM:neXIjp,akNikarIk k*kac´p,aenaHRtg´Tg ykmk

eZIVRbdab´elIq½Rt ehIybeg¥ancUleTAfVayRBHsm¬úTÆ . minEtbu¨eNÑaH


- 75 -

eT x\úM:nRbeKnGahardl´RBHPik¡úsg¹ 8 rUbeT[t manRBHbTumutþr smµasm¬úTÆrYmCa

RTg´CaRBHsymÖÚ

9

pg

.

RBHbTumutþrsm¬úTÆ

RTg´CaRBHmhavIr;

RTg´CaRBHGK<buK<l:nRtas´GnuemaTna

esVtcä&Rtp,akNika nigkarRbeKnGaharrbs´xúMz \ a ; edayesckIþRCHzøaénkulbuRtenH

karzVay

nwgopldl´kulbuRtenH>

nwg:nesayTiBVsm|tþi CakMBUléneTvtaTaMgLaykñúgsæansYK(rhUt

dl´ 30 Cati nwg:nCaesþccRkBtþi 21 Cati nwg:nCaRBHraCakñúg beTsraCenaHrab´cMnYnmin:n . mnusSTaMgLaynaMKñaehAbuK<lNa za

CaGñkmanbJ¦ay¨agéRkElg

:TOkakraC

buK<lenaHnwgekItkñúgvgSrbs´RBH

kñúgmYyEsnkb|xagmux

ehIybuK<lenaHnwg:nCa

cMENkkulbuRtGñkzVayesVtcä&Rt

nigGaharcMeBaHtzaKtCa

RBHBuTÆRTg´RBHnamza RBHeKatm

.

mYynwgPik¡ú 8 rUb kñúgRKaenH nwgCasav&krbs´RBHeKatmenaH TaMg mannamza óbesn dUecñH .

«LÚvenH x\úM:ndkPBTaMgBYgecjGs´ehIy Gs´karekItteTA

eT[tehIy QñHmarRBmTaMgesnamar :nseRmcbdismÖiTa 4 viemak¡ 8

nigGPiJ¦a

6

Rbkar

RBmTaMg:neZIVtamBaküeRb{nRbedArbs´

RBHBuTÆCam©as´RKb´RbkarehIy . RBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær

eRkayBI:nCaRBHGrhnþehIy

:n

eBalKazaTuk 10 Kaza manenAkñúg:lIKm¬IrxuTÞknikay ezrKaza esckIþza ;


- 76 -

Pik¡úKYrenAkñúgGasn;d*sáat´

GaRs&yenArbs´stVéRBTaMgLay

minmansMeLgKwkkg

EdlCaTI

eRBaHnwg:nekItsPaBsáb´dl´

xÜøn . Pik¡úKYreRbIsMBt´EdlerIsmkGMBIKMnrsMram ßerIsmkGMBIéRBsµsan ßerIsmkGMBIpøÚvtUcpøÚvZM

eTIbsmKYr .

Pik¡úKYreZIVcitþoTab ‘ KYrkm©at´manH KWkarRbkan´xøÜnecj ’ KYrRtac´

biNÐ:ttamlMdab´RtkUl RcmuH

GNþat

kay

sUm|ICarbs´esAhµg

citþ

KYrsRgÜmrvaMgTVar :ndl´EPñk .

Pik¡úKYreRtkGr

cMeBaHEtvtæúrbs´xøÜn

minKYrRtÚvkarrsGaharoeRcIny¨ag

rbs´buK<lEdlCab´enAkñúgrsGahar

Rtec[k

eRBaHcitþ

rEmgmineRtkGrkñúgkarsmøwg

emIlnUvZm( ‘ mineRtkGrkñúgQan ’ . Pik¡úKYrCaGñkR:zñatic KYrsenþas

KWeRtkGrtammantam:n RKhsæ

KYrCaGñksáat´

nigbBVCitTaMgLay .

Pik¡úKYreZIVxøÜnodUcCamnusSq,Üt

minKYrRcLÚkRcLMCamYy

nigmnusSK

minKYrniyay

eRcInkñúgkNþalsg¹ . Pik¡úminKYreCrbuK<lNa KYrlHkarb¨HTg<icnwg GñkdéT KYrsRgÜmkñúgRBH:tiemak¡ ‘ RbmUlsIlrbs´RBHsg¹EdlsUZü

ral´knøHEx man 227 ’ KYrs<al´RbmaNkñúgGahar . Pik¡úKYrQøaskñúg

karekIteLIgéncitþ smz;

EdlmannimitþEdlxøÜnkan´yklÁehIy

‘ kareZIVcitþosáb´ ’ nigvibsSna ‘ KWeXIjza vtæúEdlbc©&y

tak´EtgTaMgBYgCaéRtlk¡N¾ bJ¦a

KYrRbkb

kñúgevlad*smKYr

CaGñkRbkbedayesckIþBüayamCanic©

.

Pik¡úEdlman

KYrRbkbcitþEtkñúgpøÚv

EdlRtÚvRKb´kal edaytaMgcitþza ebIenAminTan´Gs´Tuk¡ nwgmindak´


- 77 -

Zur; .

Gasv; ‘ kielsEdlRtaMenAkñúgsnþan ’ TaMgGs´rbs´Pik¡úEdl

enAy¨agenH CaGñkR:zñaesckIþbrisuTÆiy¨agenH rEmgGs´eTA Pik¡úenaH rEmg:ndl´RBHniBVan .

mü¨ageT[t ebInwgcat´RBHóbesnetærcUlkñúgGg< 4 y¨agKW ? 1- Gg<énkarRKb´RKg

3- Gg<énkarpSBVpSay

2- Gg<énkarsikSa

4- Gg<énsaZarNUbkar .

RtÚvcat´TukelakkñúgGg<énkarpSBVpSay eRBaHelakmancMeNH

dwg nigcitþviC¢aeRb{nRbedAZm(rhUtmanBYkCnTaMgzñak´x¬s´ nigzñak´Tab EdlRCHzøacMeBaHelakCacMnYneRcIn sk¡IPaBeRscehIy .

dUcmantMENgCaÉtTK<;

‘ cb´CIvRbvtþiRBHóbesnvg<nþbutþetær ’

TukCa


- 78 -

 CIvRbvtþirbs´RB¼«ruevlksßbetSr  EdlCaÉtTKÁ³Epñk manbrivareRcIn elakksagKuNZm(TukTaMgcMENkxøÜn TaMgENnaMoGñkdéTeZIV

tampg rhUtCakMBUlEpñkmanbrivareRcIn CaRBHGsItimhasav&k KW RBHsavkZMrbs´RBHBuTÆCam©as´

CIvRbvtþier[brab´TukTaMgGtItCati

80

elakmYyrUbpgEdr

nigbc©úb|nñCati

.

Edlman

CIvRbvtþirbs´

elakmanR:kdenAkñúgKm¬IrxuTÞknikay GbTan kñúgGdðkza brmtæTIbnI nigGdðkza menarzbUrNI kñúgTIenHnwgeBaltamGdðkza menarzbUrNI

EdlBnül´esckIþ:lI Km¬IrGg<útþrnikay Ékni:t oBisþarecjeTA esckIþza ;

kñúgGtItkal RBHóruevlksSb; ekIteLIgenAkñúgpÞHrbs´Gñk

manRtkUlmYy kñúgRkúghgSvtI luHceRmInv&yeLIgehIy:neTAsþab´ RBHZmµeTsnarbs´RBHbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆCam©as´ RTg´taMgRBHezr;mYyrUb Lay

EpñkmanbrivareRcIn

enaHkñúgGnaKtkal .

:neXIjRBHGg<

TukkñúgtMENgd*RbesIrbMputCagsav&kTaMg eTIbKitza

eyIgKYrnwg:ndUcCaRBHezr;

kulbuRtenaH ‘ óruevlksSb; ’ kalKitdUecñHehIy eTIber[b

cMzVaymhaTandl´RBHPik¡úsg¹

EdlmanRBHbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆCa

m©as´CaRbZan karzVaymhaTaneZIVGs´ 7 ézá kñúgézácugeRkay:n zVaysMBt´cIvr

ehIytaMgesckIþR:zñaza

sUmox\úMRBHGg<:nTTYl


- 79 -

tMENgd*RbesIrbMputEpñkmanbrivareRcIn

kñúgsasnarbs´RBHBuTÆGg<

NamYy edayplénbuNükuslenH kñúgGnaKtkalÉeNaHcuH . RBHbTumutþrsmµasm¬úTÆCam©as´

RTg´BicarNaeXIjdl´karRbRBwtþieTA

kñúgGnaKtkalrbs´kulbuRtenaH eTIbRTg´Büakrza esckIþR:zña

minmanehturaraMgedayRbkarNa

Gñknwg:nCakMBUlEpñkmanbrivareRcIn

kñúgsasnarbs´RBHsmNeKatmCam©as´

nwgób|tþieLIgkñúgmYyEsnkb|xagmuxeT[t . kulbuRtenaH

sþab´karBüakrN¾ehIy

smtam

edayesþc

ekItesckIþeRtkGr

y¨agéRkElg hak´bIdUcCaesckIþR:zña nwgseRmckñúgézáEsÁkenH ß xanEsÁk

ehIyeZIVklüaNkmµbnþrhUtGs´CIvit

.

kñúgevlaEdl

elakekItsøab´ > enAkñúgPBepSg > kñúgkMeNIteTvta nigmnusSenaH > kalrab´zyeRkayGMBIPTÞkb|enHeTA:n 92 kb| . CatimYyelakRtLb´mkekItCaRBHGnuC

manRBHmataepSgBI

RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´pusS; bitanamza mhinÞraCa1 nigmanRBHGnuC

2 RBHGg<eT[t rYmCa 3 RBHGg< kñúgmYyRBHGg<>RTg´TTYltMENgman ysskþiepSg>Kña . RKamYyenAÉbc©nþCnbT KWRsúkCayEdnrbs´

RBHmhinÞraCaekItmanbc©amitþ KitbHe:reLIg eTIbRBHraCaRtas´ehA raCOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg<cUlKal´ ehIymanRBHraCtRmas´za mñal buRtTaMg 3 «LÚvenH bc©nþCnbTkMBugmanswksRtÚveRcIn ehtukarN¾ 1

eQµaHRBHraCa kñúgGdðkzaKm¬IrbrmtæeCatikaeBalza C&yesn nigmehsI eQµaH

RBHnagsirima .


- 80 -

TaMgenHmincaM:c´bita ßbuRtTaMg 3 RtÚveTAb®g,abbc©amitþkñúgbc©nþCnbT osáb´TaMgGs´KñaeT ebIbitanwgelIkeTAb®g,abBYksRtÚv buRtTaMg 3 cUrrg´caMbdibtiþ TMnukbRmúgRBHmanRBHPaKrbs´eyIgolÁpg .

cMENkRBHOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg< RBmRkabTUlTTYlsµ&RKcitþ

eLIgza bBiRtRBHraCbita ehtuEdlekIteLIgeBlenH TUlbg<MTaMg 3 nwgs&µRKcitþeTAkm©at´BYkbc©amitþzVayRBHbita

sBVRBHh#T&ykñúgRBHraCOrsy¨agéRkElg

.

RBHmhinÞraCa

RTg´

ehIyRtas´GnuJ¦at

dl´RBHOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg< edIm|IeTARbtibtþikarb®g,abclacl .

RBHOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg< RTg´Rkabbg<MlaRBHraCbitaRBmTaMg

esþcelIkcturg<esnaeTAkan´bc©nþCnbT sRtÚv

Edlk|t´osáb´ehIy

RBHnKrvij

.

ehIyRTg´naMKñakm©at´BYk

eTIbesþcelIkBYkeyaZanivtþn¾mkkan´

EtxN;EdlelIkkgT&BRtLb´mk

kñúgcenøaHpøÚv

raCOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg< RTg´RbwkSaKñaza mñalGñkTaMgLay kalBYk eyIgRtLb´eTAdl´RBHnKrehIy

RbsinebIRBHbitaRBHraCTanBrdl´

BYkeyIg BYkeyIgnwgeRCIserIsTTYlBrGVIlÁhñ@ .

cMENkBYkTUlbg<MTaMgGs´ naMKñaRkabbg<MTUlza bBiRtRBHbita

minzaCaRBHraCsm|tþiNa>k*eday GVIEdlsMxan´esµI

EdlRBHbitaRBHraCTanminman

kar:nbdibtþiTMnukbRmúgRBHmanRBHPaK

EdlCa

RBHeCdðaZiraCenaHeLIy . RBHOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg<RTg´Kitn½yenaH ehIyRTg´sBVRBHT&y

eTIbRtas´za

n½yEdlBYkeyIgKiteXIjmk

enaH RbéBehIy RKaEdlesþcyagmkdl´RBHnKrehIy

eTIbRTg´


- 81 -

naMKñacUlKal´RBHraCbita RBmTaMgRkabTUldl´C&yCMnHoRTg´RCab . RBHraCaRTg´esamnsSCaxøaMg

RTg´Rtas´RBHraCTanBrdl´

RBHraCOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg< oRTg´eRCIserIstamkarsBVRBHT&y .

eTIbraCOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg< RTg´RkabTUlTTYlRBHraCTanBr

za bBiRtRBHbita sUmRTg´RBHkruNaRBHraCTanBrdl´xúMR\ BHGg<TaMg 3 omanOkasbdibtþþi

éRtmascuH RBHGg< . RBHraCa

TMnukbRmúgRBHpusSsmµasm¬úTÆCam©as´rhUtGs´

RTg´manRBHT&yminsb|ayRtas´bdiesZza

kar

bdibtþiRBHmanRBHPaKenaH bitaminGacnwgGnuJ¦atdl´buRtTaMg 3 :n eT

cUrBicarNasUmBrdéTcuH

bBiRtRBHbita

.

raCOrsTaMg

BrdéTTUlbg<MminTTYleT

3

RTg´RkabTUlza

sUmRBHbitaRTg´RBHkruNa

RBHraCTanBrEdlTUlbg<MsUmehIyenaHcuH . RBHraCaRTg´lM:kRBHT&y

Na:n

eRBaHzaRTg´:nyl´RBmrYcehIy

mñalbuRtTaMg

3

RBHbitaoBrdl´buRtehIy

manóbmadUcesþcraCsIh¾ nic©

mindwgbdiesZedayó:yy¨ag

eTIbRtas´GnuJ¦atza EtzaRBHmanRBHPaK

manRbRktIRbkbkñúgTIsáat´Gs´kalCa

nigmanRbRktIRbRBwtþenAEtmñak´Ég

dUecñaHkalbuRtTaMg

bdibtþiTMnukbRmúgRBHmanRBHPaKenaH cUrkuMRbmaTCadac´xat . raCOrsTaMg

3

k*RTg´RbwkSaKñaza

3

nwg

kalBYkeyIgnwgbdibtþi

TMnukbRmúgRBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´ nwgeZIVkarbdibtþiy¨agNaeTIbsmKYr

ehIyRBHraCOrsTaMg 3 Gg< RTg´mankarKiteXIjdUcKñaza nwgsma-


- 82 -

TansIl 10 :nEtgtaMgburs 3 nak´ oCaGñkEzTaMrkSaeragTan rg´caMcat´EcgeTyüTan tYnaTIKña .

zVaydl´RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´

edayEck

oGamatümñak´CaGñkrkes|{g mñak´eT[tCaGñkcat´karTUeTA nig

Gamatümñak´eT[tCaGñker[bcMeTyüZm(beRmIPik¡úsgÇ ehIyk*eZIVtamkar Edl:nRbwkSaKñaRKb´Rbkar .

bursTaMg 3 enaH luHmkdl´kñúgCaticugeRkay :nmkekIt

CaRBH:TBim¬isar visaxó:sk nigRBHrdð:letær .

RBHraCOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg<esþcnaMKñasmaTansIl 10 rhUt

Gs´éRtmas

‘ KWbIEx ’

edIm|Ikan´eKalénkarbUCad*x¬g´x¬s´

karbdibtþitamBaküeRb{nRbedA

eday

sUm|Imankarbdibtþiedaykarbric©aK

ctub|c©&yTMnukbRmúgehIyk*eday .

luHecjvsSaehIyRBHraCOrsTaMg 3 RBHGg< cat´EcgzVay

eTyüZm(edayRBHGg<Ég TaMgRTg´eZIVbuNürhUtGs´RBHCnµ . :nmk dl´CaticugeRkayenH

RBHraCOrsTaMg

3

RBHGg<

RtLb´mkekIt

kñúgmKZrdð :nekItkñúgRtkUlRJhµN¾ ksSbeKatþ munRBHbrmRKÚ

rbs´eyIgTaMgLay maneQµaHdUcKñaTaMgGs´za ksSb; EtmanBakü naMmuxeQµaHepSgKña

edayGaRs&yeQµaHTIkEnøgykmkpSMCamYy

nwgeQµaHrbs´elak dUcCaGñkEdlGaRs&yenACnbT óruevl man

eQµaHza óruevlksSb; manbrivar 500 nak´ rUbTI 2 GaRs&yenA mat´RcaMgmhaKg<anTI

eTIbRtÚvehAeQµaHza

nTIksSb;

manbrivar


- 83 -

300

nak´

nigbÁÚneBAmaneQµaHza

CnbTKyasIs;

manbrivar

nak´manv&yceRmIneLIg

nak´

.

eRBaHGaRs&yenA

kalbgbÁÚnTaMg

:nnaMKñaer[nsURtviC¢aéRtevT

RJhµN¾cb´sBVRKb´ehIy maNBCaeRcIn

200

KyaksSb;

mancMeNHviC¢aGacbeRg{nviC¢aéRtevTdl´

maneQµaHe:HsMeLgl|Il|ajdl´mhaCn . rab´GanenaH bu¨eNÑaH

kñúgsasna

rhUteZIVoBYkmaNBRBmcUlmkCabrivar

sm&ytmk

TaMg

3

3

minmanxøwmsar

TaMgCaGñk

nak´bgbÁÚnBicarNaeXIjlTÆiEdlxøÜn

nigmanRbeyaCn¾RtwmEtbc©úb|nñCatienH

cMENkRbeyaCn¾kñúgCatixagmuxenaHemIlmineXIjeLIy

eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbRBHóruevlksSb;bbYlbÁÚnTaMgBIrnak´ RBmTaMgbrivar TaMgGs´ecjeTAbYsCaCdil KWGñkbYsRbePTbYgsk´ox¬s´eLIg nig

bMeBjvtþedaykarbUCaePIøg ebIehAGñkbYsenHmü¨ageT[t k*ehAza «sI

ERbza GñkEsVgrkKuNKWesckIþlÁ ßGñkeXIjP&y . 2

karecjbYsenH bgTI 1 taMgGaRsmenACnbTóruevla bgTI

taMgGaRsmenAmat´RcaMgmhaKg<anTI

CnbTKyasIs;mat´RcaMgsÞwgKya

nigbÁÚneBAtaMgGaRsmenA

ehIyTaMg

3

nak´bgbÁÚn:n

ecjbYsbMeBjvtþmkCayUr rhUtmanR:kdkitþiKuNsBVTUeTAkñúgEdn

mKZ; . luHkalRBHeBaZistVRTg´esþcecjsagpñÜs :nRtas´dwg CaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ RTg´RbkasZmµck,ehIy :nbJ©vK<Iy¾CaRBHGrhnþ sav&k

nigRBHysetær

RBmTaMgsmøaj´

54

rUb

ehIyrYmman

RBHGrhnþTaMgGs´ 60 rUb eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bJ¢ÚnRBHGrhnþ-


- 84 -

sav&kTaMgGs´enaH ecjeTApSayRBHsasnakñúgTisanuTis ‘ TistUc nigTisZM ’ .

cMENkRBHGg<RTg´BicarNaeXIjóbnisS&y

d*bribUN(eday

kusl:rmIEdlnwg:nseRmcmK<plrbs´CdilTaMg 3 nak´bgbÁÚn nigmhaCnkñúgEdnmKZ;CaeRcIn

RBHBuTÆsasnakñúgEdnmKZrdðenaH

TaMgRTg´manRBHbMNgnwgRbtisðan

edayRTg´R:zñanwgoRBHóruevl-

ksSb; mkCakmøaMgénkarRbkasRBHsasnapg .

er]gyageR:sCdil 3 nak´bgbÁÚnrbs´RBHmanRBHPaK man

BN(naTukkñúg:lIKm¬IrmhavK< RBHvin&ybidk esckIþza ³ RBHmanRBHPaKesþcBuTÆdMeNIrmYyRBHGg<Ég RTg´sMedAcMeBaH

CnbTóruevlaesnaniKm 30

nak´

sasna

EtkñúgcenøaHpøÚvRTg´eTsnaeR:sPTÞvK<Iy¾

nigRbTanóbsm|Tao

ehIyRTg´bJ¢ÚneTARbkasRBH

cMENkRBHGg<RTg´BuTÆdMeNIrteTA

rhUtdl´CnbTóruevla

EdlCaTIenA rbs´óruevlksSbCdilEdlmanbrivar 500 nak´ .

RBHmanRBHPaK esþcyageTAdl´GaRsmrbs´óruevlksSbCdilkñúg

evlaláac RTg´Rtas´za En@ ! ksSb; ebIGñkminCMTas´eT tzaKt sUmsñak´enAEk|reragbUCaePIøgmYyyb´pg:neT . CdilóruevlksSbTUlza

CMTas´eT

bBiRtRBHmhasmN;

EtzamanesþcnaKEdlkacsahavman#TÆi

x\úMmin

manBisRtg´

cg,Úm manBisxøaMgkøa:nGaRs&yenAkñúgeragePIøgenaH sUmkuMoesþcnaK enaHeb[teb[nRBHGg<eLIy

eRBaHesþcnaKGaceZIVGnþraydl´RBHGg<


- 85 -

:n .

mü¨ageT[t

sñak´enAeLIy

CdilóruevlksSbmineBjcitþoRBHmanRBHPaK

eZIVGakarmineBjcitþniyayRtLb´za

minmankEnøg

osñak´ eTaHbIeragbUCaePIøgTMenrminmanCdilsñak´enAk*eday enHeRBaH eXIjza CaGñkbYslTÆiepSgKñanwgxøÜn . RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´suMTI sñak´GaRs&yCaelIkTI RtLb´dUcmun . za

2

eT[t

cMENkCdilóruevlksSbk*TUl

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za mñalóruevlksSb; tzaKtyl´

esþcnaKenaHKg´nwgmineb[teb[ntzaKt

dl´tzaKtsñak´GaRs&ycuH . CdilóruevlksSb

seg,teXIjRBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´RTg´

minxøacERkgesþcnaKesaHeLIy ebIdUecñaH

eTIbyl´RBmGnuJ¦atedayTUlza

sUmRBHGg<cUrsñak´GaRs&ytamsb|aycuH

RBHPaKkal:nTTYlGnuJ¦atehIy RTg´RkalkRmalEdleZIVedayesµA Rtg´

manstitaMgmaM

enaHeLIy .

cMENkesþcnaK

kñúgTIkEnøgrbs´xøÜn ePIøg

.

GñkcUrGnuJ¦ateragePIøg

RBHman

eTIbesþccUleTAkan´eragePIøg

ehIyRbzab´Kg´taMgRBHkayo

edaymin:nRTg´manGakarxøacERkgesþcnaK :nsmøwgeXIjRBHsm¬úTÆesþcyagcUlmk

k*ekItcitþxwgeRkaZ

lMdab´enaH

.

eTIbpøúMBisbgØúyeTAeBjerag

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RBHtRmiHza

sEmþg«TÆanuPaBoekItCaEpSg

tzaKtKYrnwg

Etminob¨HBal´sm|úrEs|k

sac´


- 86 -

srés

qÁwg

nigxYrkñúgqwÁgrbs´esþcnaKenaH

esþcnaKoGs´eTA

edIm|Irmáab´etC;rbs´

ehIyRTg´eZIV«TÆanuPaBdUcRTg´RBHtRmiHenaH .

esþcnaKkalRtÚvEpSgEdlekItGMBIBuTÆanuPaB

minGacnwgGt´

RTaMesckIþeRkaZ:n eTIbbgØúyEpSgmYyrMeBc ehIypøúMBisCaGNþat ePIøgeqHsenÆasenÆAeLIg smabtþi

.

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´cUleteCaksiN

bNþaloekItGNþatePIøgruger]gPWøciJ©ac

karRkGWtRkTmrbs´esþcnaK .

edIm|IRTg´TUnµan

ePIøgTaMgBIrcMENk eqHsenÆasenÆAmanBnWøPWøsVag dUcdutbMpøaj

eragePIøgenaHovinasCaepH mñak´>eBalza ?

.

BYkCdil:nnaMKñamkQrB&TÆeragePIøg

RBHmhasmN;enHmansirIrUbeqamsÁatéRkElgNas´ KYro

sþayEdlRtÚvmksøab´ edayBisrbs´esþcnaKkñúgTIenH . luHRBwk eLIg RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´km©at´#TÆinaKoGnþrZan lHPaBrwgrUsRTg´ bNþalobt´kayedkcuHeTAkñúg:Rt

ehIyRTg´naMmkoCdilóru-

evlksSbemIl edayRtas´za enHEn@ ksSb; esþcnaKrbs´Gñk Gs´#TÆiehIy

.

óruevlksSb;eXIjdUecñaHehIyKitza

manGanuPaBeRcIn

Ety¨agNak*eday

man#TÆieRcIn

RBHmhasmN;enH

Gacb®g,abesþcnaKocaj´:n

RBHmhasmN;enHenAminTan´:nCaRBHGrhnþ

dUcCaeyIg cMENkCeRmAéncitþk*KitRCHzøakñúg«TÆi:dihariy¾ eTIbeBal za bBiRtmhasmN; sUmnimnþenAkñúgGaRsmrbs´´eyIgcuH eyIgnwg


- 87 -

zVayGaharoqan´ral´ézá

.

RBHmanRBHPaKesþcyageTARbzab´kñúgdgéRBmYy EdlenACit

GaRsmóruevlksSb;enaH

minRTg´sRmakenAkñúgGaRsmrbs´Cdil

luHdl´mCÄimyam ‘ yamkNþal ’ ényb´dMbUg esþccatumµharaC‘1’

TaMg 4 cuHmkkan´BuTÆsmñak´zVaybg<MehIy fitQrenAkñúgTisTaMg 4 manrsµIPWøsVag dUcKMnrePIøgkñúgTisTaMg 4 dUecñaH . luHdl´evlaRBwk

óruevlksSb;mkkan´smñak´rbs´RBHman

RBHPaKRkabTUlza bBiRtRBHmhasmN; sUmnimnþRBHmhasmN; eTAqan´PtþaharcuH

x\úMcat´EcgTukeRscehIy

bBiRtRBHmhasmN;

kalBIyb´mijeXIjrsµIPWøeBjmNÐldgéRBenH

GñkNamkkan´

smñak´rbs´RBHGg<ß eTIbmanBnøWPWøruger]gsBVTisTaMg 4 . RBHman

RBHPaKRtas´R:b´za mñalóruevlksSb; BnøWenaHekItGMBIesþcmha raCTaMg 4 cuHmkkan´smñak´tzaKtedIm|Isþab´Zm( .

óruevlksSb;sþab´RBHtRmas´ehIy Kitza RBHmhasmN;

rUbenHmanGanuPaBeRcIn sUm|IEtesþccatumµharaCk*cuHmkrk Ety¨ag Na

k*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcCaeyIgeT

.

RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´

esþcmkqan´Ptþaharrbs´óruevlksSb;eRscehIy kan´smñak´kñúgdgéRBenaHdUcedIm .

‘1’

esþc

esþcRtLb´mk

esþccatumµharaCTaMg 4 :ndl´ 1 esþcevsSv&N ßesþckuevr; RbcaMTisótþr 2 viruL`k;

RbcaMTisxagt|Úgç

RbcaMTis xaglic .

3

esþcZtrdð;ç

RbcaMTisxagekItç

4

esþcvirUbk¡;


- 88 -

luHdl´rtþikal

RBH«®nÞesþcmkkan´BuTÆsmñak´

RTg´zVaybg<M

nms,arRBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´ehIy Rbzab´QrenAkñúgTId*smKYr RTg´ beJ©jRBHrsµImanBnøWdUcKMnrePIøgZM luHdl´RBwkeLIg

PWøruger]géRkElgCagyb´mun

.

óruevlksSb;eTAkan´smñak´rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK

TUloesþceTAqan´Ptþahar ehIyTUlsYrza kalyb´mij manGñk Namkkan´smñak´rbs´RBHGg< eTIbmanrsµIPWøéRkElgCagyb´dMbUg . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´tbza

mijmanesþcekasiyraC

mñalóruevlksSb;

esþcmkrktzaKtedIm|Isþab´Zm(

kalyb´ .

óru-

evlksSb; RBmTTYlesckIþGs©arüEdlR:kdeLIg edayminZøab´ CYbRbTHmkBIkalmun .

RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´

esþcyageTAeZIVPtþkic©eRscehIy

esþcRtLb´mkKg´kñúgdgéRBenaHeT[t luHdl´evlayb´GRZaRt esþc shm|tIRBhµcuHmkkan´BuTÆsæan manrsµIruger]gPWøsVagCagraRtI Edl knøgmk

.

RBwkeLIg

óruevlksSb;eTATUlGaraZnaqan´Ptþahar

ehIyTUlsYrnUvehtukarN¾

kñúgeBlyb´Edl:neXIjeT[t .

RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´Rtas´tbza kalBIyb´mij manesþc

shm|tIRBhµmkkan´smñak´rbs´tzaKt

.

esþcsRmakkñúgsmñak´rbs´RBHGg<

ézáEsÁkeLIg

RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´

CdilmankarKitdUcmun

qan´Ptþaharrbs´óruevlksSb;ehIy .

eTIb

CaézáEdl

mhayJ¦laP nwgekItdl´CdilóruevlksSb mnusSTaMgLaykñúg EdnGg<;nwgnaMxaTnIyePaCnIyaharcMnYneRcIn

mkCUndl´Cdilóru-


- 89 -

evlksSb; . epSg>

eBlyb´

óruevlksSb;Kitza

CaeRcInmkkan´smñak´rbs´eyIg

RBwkenHmhaCnnwgnaMGahar ebIRBHmhasmN;rUbenH

sEmþg«TÆi:dihariy¾ laPsk,ar;nwgekItdl´mhasmN;enHCaeRcIn eyIgnwgvinassabsUnücakRKb´sk,arbUCa nwgeZIVdUcemþchñ@ ézáEsÁk enHkuMomhasmN;rUbenHmkTIenH:n .

RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´ RTg´RCabdl´karKitrbs´óruevlksSb;

edayecetabriyJ¦aN KWkardwgcitþrbs´GñkdéT . luHRBwkeLIg eTIb

RBHGg<yageTAkan´ótþrkuruTVIb RTg´carikbiNÐ:tPtþahar ehIyesþc RtLb´mkeZIVPtþkic©kñúgGenattþRsH enaH

eBlsayNØsm&ymkdl´

smñak´kñúgdgéRBenaH .

ehIyRTg´sRmakeBlézákñúgTI

eTIbesþcRtLb´mkKg´kñúgBuTÆ

RBwkeLIg óruevlksSb;eTATUlnimnþesayPtþaharRBmeday

BaküsYrza

ézámSilmij

RBHmhasmN;eTAEsVgrkGaharÉNa

ehtuGVIminmkkan´smñak´rbs´xúM\

x\úMrB\kdl´RBHmhasmN;

.

RBH

sm¬úTÆRtas´dl´karEdlmancitþKitRtiHriHenaH oyl´y¨agCak´c|as´ .

óruevlksSb;sþab´ehIysøútcitþ Kwtza RBHmhasmN;enH

man#TÆieRcIn dwg:nsUm|Idl´citþrbs´xúM\ EtenAmin:nCaRBHGrhnþdUc x\úMm©as´ . kñúgcenøaHkalEdlRBHmanRBHPaKKg´enAkñúgdgéRB edIm|I eR:sBYkCdilenH

sMBt´bgSúkUlcIvrekItdl´RBHGg<

RTg´nimnþeTABicarNasMBt´bgSúkUl

eTIbRBHGg<

EdlruMsaksBrbs´nagbuNÑ;


- 90 -

TasIEdlRtÚve:HecalkñúgéRBexµacRss´ ‘ Gamksusan ’ . karEdlRBHGg<RTg´CaóPetaCati

KWRTg´ekIt

2

dgCa

xtþiyraC nigCaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ RTg´Casasþarbs´mnusS nigeTvta TaMgLay saksB

EtelaknaykenARTg´dak´kitþiys

RkEdleTvta

nigmnusSeZIV:n

jab´j&rCamhs©arürhUteTAdl´TwkrgEpndI .

mkbgSúkUlsMBt´rMu

mhaRbzBId*ZMekItkar

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RtiHriHmkrhUtpøÚvza nwgCRmHsMBt´bgSúkUl

TINalÁhñ@

.

RBH«®nÞesþccuHmkCIkRsHe:k¡rNIedayRBHhsækñúg

pÞaMgsila seRmcedayGMNaceTv#TÆi nigmanTwkeBjRsH ehIy RkabTUloRTg´CRmHsMBt´bgSúkUl e:kKk´tamRBHBuTÆtRmiH .

:nrkpÞaMgsilaZMmkdak´oRTg´

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´CRmHrhUtGs´kiønGsuP ‘ kiønsaksBEdl

sÁúy ’ ehIyRTg´RBHtRmiHnwgrkTIhalsMBt´bgSúkUl . ruk¡eTvtaEdl

sæitenAedImzáan´k*begÁanEmkcuHmkzVay

oRTg´halsMBt´bgSúkUl

cIvrenaH ehIyRBHGg<nwgRTg´bt´sMBt´ RBH«®nÞRTg´elIkpÞaMgsilamk zVay . luHRBwkEsÁk óruevlksSb;eTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaK emIl eXIjRsHTwk pÞaMgsila 2 pÞaMg nigEmkzáan´begÁancuHmk eTIbnwkEbøk

kñúgcitþ EdlvtæúTaMgenHminZøab´manBImunmk eTIbTUlsYrdl´vtæúepSg> TaMgenaH RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´Rtas´R:b´odwgsBVRKb´ . óruevlksSb;sþab´ehIysøútcitþ

rUbenHmanGanuPaBeRcInéRkElg

RtiHriHza

RBHmhasmN;

sUm|IRBH«®nÞk*esþccuHmkeZIVnaTICa


- 91 -

evyüavc©kr EteTaHbICay¨agNa k*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcx\úM

.

ézábnÞab´mk CdilksSb;eTATUlGaraZnaesayRBHRkyahar

RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´Rtas´za mñalksSb; GñkcUreTAmuncuH tzaKt nwgeTAtameRkay kalRTg´bJ¢ÚnóruevlksSb;eTAehIy eTIbRBHGg< RTg´ehaHeTAnaMykEpøRBIgZMRbcaMTVIb

kñúgéRBhimBanþmk

eTAdl´eragbUCaePIøgmunóruevlksSb; .

ehIyesþc

luHóruevlksSb;mkdl´eragePøIgeTIbsYrza RBHmhasmN;

nimnþmktampøÚvNa :nCadl´mun . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´R:b´ehtu

énkaryagmk ehIyRtas´za mñalksSb; EpøRBIgZMRbcaMTVIbenH man BN(

køin

rs

EdlmanOCa

ebIGñkR:zñanwgbriePaKk*GeJI¢jcuH

óruevlksSb BicarNaeXIjesckIþGs©arüdUcEdlmanmkehIy .

kalRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´qan´PtþaharehIy eTIbRTg´RtLb´mk

Kg´kñúgTIsmñak´BÆd*dgéRBdUcedIm . EsÁkeLIgeT[t RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´eZIV«TÆi:dihariy¾ edIm|IoCdil:neXIjPaBCamhs©arü 4 dg eT[t

eRkayBICdileTATUlGaraZnaoeTAqan´Ptþahar

RTg´bJ¢Ún

óruevlksSb;oeTAmun . cMENkRBHGg<RTg´yagehaHeTAnaMykEpø

sVaymkmþg RTg´naMykEpøknÞÜtéRBmkmþg RTg´naMykRkÚcmkGMBIéRB himBanþmkmþg

ehIyesþceLIgeTAfantavtþigS

RTg´naMykbricätþ-

kRBwkSmkmþg ehIyesþcmkdl´eragePIøgmunórevlksSb;ral´dg . ézámYy

Ebk:n

BYkCdilBuHósedIm|Ibg,at´ePIøg

eTIbKitza

EtminGacBuHóso

ebIdUecñHeRBaHb\TÆanuPaBrbs´mhasmN;Bit .


- 92 -

RBHmanRBHPaKesþcmanRBHtRmas´sYr

luHRTg´RCabesckþI

enaHehIyRtas´za GñkTaMgLaycUrBuHóstamesckþIR:zñacuH ehIy BYkCdil k*cab´epþImBuHósEbk:ntamesckþIRtÚvkar .

sm&ymYy CdilTaMg 500 taMgcitþnwgbUCaePøIg bg,at´ePøIg

dUcemþck*mineqH

eTIbRtLb´Kitdl´b\TÆirbs´RBHmanRBHPaKdUcmun .

RBHsm¬úTÆRtas´sYrrhUtRTg´RCabesckþIehIy RTg´GnuBa¦ato

bg,at´ePøIg:n ePøIgk*eqHeLIgTaMg 500 KMnr RBmKñakñúgevlaEtmYy . rlt´

eBlbUCaePøIgeRscehIy

BYkCdilnwgBnøt´ePøIg

eTIbKitdl´RBHmanRBHPaKeT[t

ePøIgk*min

RBHGg<Rtas´sYrer]gehIyk*

RTg´GnuBa¦atoBnøt´ePøIgGs´TaMg 500 KMnr .

ézámYy GakasZaturga BYkCdilnaMKñacuHgUtTwkkñúgswÞgenrBa¢ra

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´manRBHkruNadl´BYkCdil RTg´BicarNaza kal BYkCdileLIgBITwkehIynwgrga

eTIbRTg´nimµitc®g,anRbmaN

500

manePIøgeqH EzmTaMgtaMgTukkñúgTICitkMBg´ nigTIeLIgGMBIswÞg . RKa CdilTaMgLayeLIgGMBIswÞgmkrgaxøaMg tamc®g,anTaMgenaH

:nbbYlKñacUleTAGaMgePIøg

ehIynaMKñasnñidðanza

muxCaRBHsmNeKatm

nimiµtTukoCaBitR:kd cat´Tukza KYroGs©arüéRkElgNas´ . ézámYyeT[t

mhaemXtaMgeLIgkñúgevlaEdlminEmnCardUv

ePø{g ehIybNþaloePø{gZøak´cuHmkCaeRcIn RkEsTwkmanGnøg´ZMhUr liceTAkñúgsæanTITaMgBYgedayCuMvijbrievNenaH

.

ZmµtaRBHman


- 93 -

RBHPaKesþcsæitenA kñúgRbeTsNa sUm|ITIenaHTwklic EtRTg´GZidðan minoTwkliccUleTAkñúgsæanTIenaH:n . ehIykñúgRKaEdlePø{gZøak´ZM

RBHGg<RTg´RBHtRmiHza

tzaKt

nwgjúaMgTwkenaHox¬s´eLIg eBjRcaMgeTAkñúgTisedayCuMvijxøÜn kñúgTI kNþalenaHnwgmanépÞPUmiPaKrabesµICaRbRktI

tzaKtnwgc®g,menATI

enaH ehIyRTg´GZidðan bNþalodUcCaBuTÆtRmiHenaHRKb´Rbkar . cMENkCdilóruevlksSbKitza

ßminlichñ@

TwknwglicRBHmhasmN;

ßzanwgeKceTAkan´RbeTsdéT

eTIbCiHTUkrYmCamYyBYk

eXIjTwkeLIgx¬s´CakMEpgB½TÆCuMvij

ehIyeXIjRBHmanRBH

Cdil Rbjab´GuMTUkeTAemIledayrh&s eTAdl´TIEdlRBHBuTÆGg<RTg´ sæitenA

PaKesþcc®g,menAelIépÞdIminmanTwkeLIy eTIbbnøWERskehA .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´tbza mñalksSb; tzaKtenATIenH

ehIyesþcehaHeLIgelIGakas eTIbóruevlksSbKitza Nas´

nigGENþtcuHkan´TUkrbs´BYkCdil

RBHsmNeKatmenHman#TÆieRcInéRkElg

eTaHbImanetCanuPaBeRcIndUecñaHk*Bit

dUceyIgEdr .

EtminEmnCaRBHGrhnþ

BitNas´ rab´taMgBIRBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´ esþcecjcakéRB

«sibtnmiKTayv&nCitRkúgBaraNsI kñúgézámYyeracExktþikmk Kg´

Rbzab´enAÉóruevlaRbeTs rhUtdl´ézáeBjbUrmIExbusS CaevlaBIr Ex

y¨ag

RTg´sEmþg«TÆi:dihariy¾ .

sUm|IdUecñaH

TUnµanóruevlksSb;edayRbkareRcIn

óruevlksSb;k*enAEtmancitþKitRkGWtRkTm


- 94 -

Rbkan´xøÜnza

CaRBHGrhnþ

eRBaHmanTidðid*xøaMgkøa

BicarNanwgeZIVoóruevlksSb;

RBHBuTÆGg<RTg´

ekItmancitþKitsegVKxøÜnÉg

eTIb

Rtas´za mñalksSb; xøÜnGñkenAminTan´:nCaRBHGrhnþeT TaMgpøÚv bdibtþirbs´GñkenAqáay minEmnCapøÚvmK<plÉNa ehtuGVIhñ@ eTIbGñk Rbkan´xøÜnzaCaRBHGrhnþ

e:kR:sxøÜnÉg

TaMgEdlxøÜnÉgk*mindwg

xøÜnza :nseRmcemak¡Zm(ÉNanImYyeLIy nige:kR:sGñkdéTza xøÜnCaRBHGrhnþeT[t

mñalksSb;

dl´eBlEdlKYrsarPaBxøÜnÉg

ehIyza GñkenAminTan´:nCaRBHGrhnþeT TaMgenAminTan´:nbdibtþi Zm(edIm|ICaRBHGrhnþeT[tpg kñúgkalminyUreLIy .

mñalksSb;

Gñknwg:nCaRBHGrhnþ

kalóruevlksSb;sþab´BueTÆavaTehIy eTIbdwgxøÜn xµaseG[n

OnsirsacuHeT[bRBHyuKl:T ceRmIn

ehIyRkabTUlza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*

x\úMRBHGg<sUmbBVC¢aóbsm|Takñúgsmñak´rbs´RBHGg<

sUmdl´RBHBuTÆ

RBHZm(

RBHsg¹

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za RbZanrbs´BYkCdil

500

CasrN;

mñalksSb; nak´

ehIy

KWCaTIBwgTIr£k

xøÜnGñkCaGacarüZM

.

Ca

cUrcgÁúlbgØajoBYkCdilbrivar

rIkrayeRtkGrRBmKñasin ehIytzaKtRBmobBVC¢aóbsm|Ta:n . óruevlksSb;

RkabzVaybg<Mlamkkan´GaRsmrbs´xøÜnvij

ehIyR:b´BYkCdil EdlCasisSodwgbMNgrbs´xøÜn . sisSRKb´

Kñak*rIkrayeRtkGrRBmeRB{gKña

nwgbBVC¢aóbsm|TakñúgBuTÆsmñak´

ehIyCdilTaMgLay :nbbYlKñabENþteRK}gbrik¡ar nigeRK}gtak´


- 95 -

Etgsk´ pñÜgsk´ sERgk dgErk eRK}gbUCaePøIg cuHkñúgsÞwgTal´ EtGs´ .

kalEdlBYkCdil

naMKñabENþteRK}gbrik¡arrbs´xøÜn

BicarNaeXIjlTÆirbs´xøÜnminmanxøwmsar

eday

ekItesckIþtk´søútkñúgkar

bdibtþiEdlminRtwmRtÚv eTIblHbg´lTÆirbs´BYkxøÜnecj

ehIynaMKña

cUlKal´RBHbrmRKÚzVayGPivaTRBHyuKl:T RBmTaMgTUlsUmbBVC¢a óbsm|Ta .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RBHkruNa

eR:sRbTankaróbsm|Tao

edayviZI ÉhiPik¡úóbsm|Ta edayRBHGg<Rtas´za GñkcUrmkCaPik¡úcuH

Zm(EdltzaKtsEmþglÁehIy

GñkcUr

RbRBwtþRBhµcriy; edIm|IeZIVTIbMputTuk¡edayRbéBcuH . RTg´Rtas´Rtwm bu¨eNÑH rab´zabYs:nCaPik¡úehIy karbYsedayviZIenH ehAza Éhi-

Pik¡úóbsm|Ta CaviZIbYsEdleRbI:nEtcMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaKbu¨eNÑaH. «TÆi:dihariy¾EdlRBHmanRBHPaK

evlksSbetær Ban´

5

nigBYkbrivarrhUtRTg´QñH

ryy¨ag

RTg´eRbIsRmab´TUnµanóru-

manTaMgGs´RbmaN

3

Edlrab´rYmTaMg:dihariy¾RTg´TUnµanesþcnaKpg

sm&ytmk nTIksSbtabs EdlCabÁÚnTI 1 eXIjeRK}gbrik¡arTaMg BYgGENþtTwkmk

cMNaM:neZIVoKitza

ERkgGnþraynwgmandl´bg

Rbús eTIbeRbItabsEdlCasisSeTAesIubemIl dwgehtuehIy nTIksSb;naMtabsCasisSTaMg ksSb;

sYrehtuemIl

300

mkkan´smñak´rbs´óruevl-

luHdwgesckIþehIyk*RCHzøa

ehIybbYlKña


- 96 -

bENþteRK}gbrik¡arbs´tabseTAkñúgswÞgenaH naMKñacUlKal´RkabTUl sUmbBVC¢aóbsm|TacMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaKCam©as´ . RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´RBHkruNaeR:sRbTankaróbsm|Ta

eday ÉhiPik¡úóbsm|Ta dUcKñaRKb´rUb dUcBYkCdildMbUg . cMENk

KyaksSbtabs

EdlCabÁÚneBA

GENþtTwkmkk*caM:n

eXIjeRK}gbrik¡arrbs´bgRbús

ehIymankarKitdUcnTIksSb; :nnaMtabs

Cabrivar 200 eTAkan´smñak´rbs´óruevlksSb; kalsaksYrdwg esckIþBitsBVRKb´ehIy

k*ekItesckIþRCHzøakñúgRBHBuTÆsasna

eTIb

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- 103 -

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- 177 -

Baküfa snÞ¼TVarkg´ ándl´ GviC¢a@ ( karmindwg ) CaeRKÓg áMgsc©Fm’ dUcsnÞ¼TVarkg´ sRmab´dak´xÞas´TVarpÞ¼ ¦TVarRkúg kal dak´snÞ¼TVarehIy rEmghammnusßxagkñúgmin[ecj karBarmnusß xageRkAmin[cUl

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- 178 -

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- 179 -

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kulFIta esµInwg


- 182 -

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- 183 -

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- 184 -

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- 185 -

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- 186 -

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man plkmµEdlstVeFIVlðeFIVGaRkk´minman . RB¼kumarksßbetSrTUlfa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt ebIdUecñ¼ GatµaPaBnwgfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRtkñuúgerOgen¼

ehIysUmmhabBiRt

Rtas´eqøIytamEdlRTg´mankaryl´eXIj kalBYkraCburscab´ecar EdleFIVecarkmµ mkbgHajmhabBiRtfa bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn Gñken¼ CaecarEdleFIVGaRkk´cMeBa¼RB¼Gg:

RB¼Gg:nwgRtÚvdak´GaCJay¨agNa

dl´ecarmñak´en¼ sUmRtas´bBa¢acu¼RB¼Gg: eTIbmhabBiRtRtas´Ráb´ BYkraCbursTaMgena¼fa ehIyekarsk´

BYkelakcUreRbIExßy¨agmaM

naMedIreTAtampøÚvTwkpøÚveKak

cgB&n§søabesk

tamRcktUc

RckFMRKb´

TIkEnøgtampøÚvEbkCa 3 pøÚvEbkCa 4 vays:r[|sMeLgxøaMgCakar Rbkas[dwgTUeTA edIm,Imin[nrNayktRmab´tam ehIynaMecjtam


- 189 -

TVarTisxagt,Úg nwgkat´k,alecalenAÉlanBiXat enATisxagt,Úg BYkraCbursTTYlraCtRmas´ Rbkar m©as´

ehIyk¾áneFIVtammhabBiRtbBa¢aRKb´

EtmunnwgecarRtÚvsmøab´ sUmelakrg´caMsin

ecareBalGgVreBCÄXatfa

kMuTan´smøab´

elak

sUm[¹RtLb´eTARáb´mitþ

Gamatü jatisaelahitrbs´¹ kñúgRsúkÉeNa¼ ¦kñúgniKmÉeNa¼ sin

rYcehIy¹nwgRtLb´mk[elaksmøab´vij

BYkeBCÄXatnwg

GnuBaØatbn§ÚrbnSy[ecarRtLb´eTA ¦fa nwgkat´k,alecarEdlkMBug niyayGgVrecalEtmþg . esþcáyasiRtas´eqøIyfa bBiRtksßb£ ecarena¼nwgminán TTYlGnuBaØat[eTAeT . RB¼kumarksßbetSr eBalGFib,ayfa sUm fVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt ecark¾Camnusß eBCÄXatk¾Camnusß enAEt sUmGgVrKñaminán TRmaMBYkGñkEdleFIVábTaMgLay Føak´eTAnrkehIy nwgGgVrsUmcMeBa¼nayniryál edIm,IRtLb´mkRkabTUlmhabBiRt dUcemþcán

edayehtuen¼

sUmmhabBiRtRTg´yl´cu¼fa

elak

xagmuxman stVCa«bátikkMeNItman plkmµEdlstVeFIVlð ¦eFIV GaRkk´man . esþcáyasiRtas´fa RB¼ksßb£ eTa¼Cay¨agena¼k¾Bit Et¹ enAyl´faminman . RB¼efr£TUlsYrfa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt karEdlmhabBiRtRTg´yl´faminmanena¼ manehtuplGVIdéTeTot¦ . esþcáyasiRtas´eqøIyfa

bBiRtksßb£

enAmanehtupl

Edl¹sakl,gmkehIy . RB¼efr£TUlsYrfa sUmfVayRB¼Brmha


- 190 -

bBiRt RB¼Gg:RTg´Føab´sakl,gmkedayviFIy¨agNa ? esþcáyasiRtas´GFib,ay bBiRtRB¼ksßb£

mitþGamatü

viFIEdlsakl,gmkehIyfa

jatisaelahitrbs´¹

CaGñkevor

cakkareFIVábTaMgLay eBleKQWF¶n´ minmansgÇwmfars´ ¹BicarNaeXIjfa

eKRtÚvsøab´Bit

eTIbeTARáb´fa

mansmNRBahµN_

BYkxø¼ eBaleRbónRbedAfa GñkmineFIVábTaMgLay søab´ehIyán eTAekItkñúgsuKtisYK’eTvelak

BYkelakCaGñkmineFIVáb

eBlsøab´

eTA@ekItkñúgzansYK’ ehIycUrRtLb´mkRáb´[¹dwgpgfa elakxag muxman stVCa«bátikkMeNItman plkmµEdlstVeFIVlð eFIVGaRkk´ man BYkCnTaMgena¼TTYlBakübNþaM¹y¨agBitRákd Etrab´GMBIeBl EdleKsøab´eTAehIyk¾át´eTA

mineXIjmannrNamñak´RtLb´mk

Ráb´vij TaMgminánbBa¢aGñkdéT[mkRáb´ edayehtuen¼ eTIbeFIV[ ¹yl´eXIjfa elakxagmuxminman stVCa«bátikkMeNItminman plkmµEdlstVeFIVlð eFIVGaRkk´minman . RB¼efr£TUlfa

sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt

GatµaPaBnwg«bma[mhabBiRtRTg´sþab´ BaküsuPasitedaykar«bma

eRBa¼buK:lxø¼rEmgyl´

«TahrN_fa

kñúgreNþAlamkkb´lick,al Lay[CYyse®g:a¼elIkbursena¼

kñúgesckIþen¼

manbursmñak´Føak´cu¼eTA

mhabBiRtRtas´bBa¢araCbursTaMg eLIgmkGMBIreNþAlamk

eRbIceRmok¬sßIekorlamkecjGMBIkayburs

ehIy

rhUtTal´EtGs´

eFIV

[sðatehIy ykdIBN’elOgdusxat´kay 3 dg eRbIeRbglab 3


- 191 -

dg ehIylabedayemßAy¨aglðit 3 dg kat´sk´ nigekarBukmat´[ naMykkRmgp;a

eRKÓglab

nigsMBt´mantémøéfømk[tak´Etgkay

ehIy[bursena¼eLIgeTAenAelIRásaT beRmIedaykam KuN 5 man RsIsñMrg´caMecameramCaedIm

bursena¼nwgRáfñacu¼eTAkñúgreNþAlamk

eToteT sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt ? esþcáyasiRtas´fa bBiRtksßb£ bursena¼minRáfñacu¼eTA kñúgreNþAlamkvijeT

.

RB¼efr£TUlsYrfa

sUmfVayRB¼Brmha

bBiRt esckIþnu+¼ eRBa¼ehtuGVI ? esþcáyasiRtas´fa

bBiRtksßb£

sðat mankøinsðúybdikUlKYr[ex<Im RB¼efr£TUlGFib,ayfa lamkena¼y¨agNa

eRBa¼reNþAlamkmin

kb´RtaMedaylamk

.

sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt

reNþA

mnusßTaMgLayrhUtsUm,IesþccRkBtþi

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kñúgTsßn£rbs´eTvtaeXIjfa

esµakeRKak

mankiønsðúyKYr[ex<Im RbLak´edayejIsEkðldUecña¼ sUmfVayRB¼Br mhabBiRt kiønmnusßsðúyRákddUcCasaksB cgCab´enAk rEmg saykiøneTAkñúgeTvtarhUtmYyryeyaCn_ saelahitrbs´mhabBiRt

dUecña¼

mitþGamatü jati

GñkmináneFIVábáneTAekItkñúgsuKti

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elakxagmuxman

stVCa«bátikkMeNItman

pl


- 192 -

kmµEdlstVeFIVlð eFIVGaRkk´man . esþcáyasi

RTg´sþab´ehtuplena¼ehIyRtas´fa

ksßb£

eBaly¨agena¼RtwmRtÚvehIy Etfa¹k¾enAmankaryl´eXIjdUcedIm KW yl´eXIjfaminman . RB¼efr£TUlsYrfa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt kalEdlmha bBiRtRTg´yl´eXIjfaminman RTg´mancMNucsMxan´GVIeTot¦ ? esþc áyasiRtas´bBa¢ak´cMNucsMxan´fa

bBiRtksßb£

¹Føab´rkcMNuc

sMxan´@BImitþ Gamatü jatisaelahitrbs´¹ Gñkevorcakkarsmøab´ stV lYcRTBü RbRBwtþxuskñúgkam niyaykuhk nigevorcakkarpwk TwkRsvwgKWsura nigemr&y EdlCaTItaMgénesckIþRbmaT ¦karxV¼sti manCacMnYneRcIn bnÞab´mkkalbuK:lTaMgena¼ QWCaTm¶n´Citnwgsøab´ ¹dwgfabuK:lTaMgen¼ minát´QWnwgRtÚvsøab´Bit ¹áneTArkbuK:lTaMg ena¼

ehIyRáb´fa

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.


- 193 -

RB¼efr£TUlfa sUmceRmInBr ebIdUecña¼ GatµaPaBnwgsUmfVay RB¼BrmhabBiRt

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RB¼ksßb£fa

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manGayuEvgbu¨eNѼ ¹mineCOkñúgerOgen¼eLIy

.

RB¼efr£elIk«bmaCa«TahrN_fa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt eRbóbdUcbursxVak´EPñkBIkMeNIt emIlmineXIjGVIeT minFøab´áneXIj rUbBN’exµA BN’s BN’elOg BN’Rkhm BN’elOgTuM minFøab´ áneXIjTIepßg@fa CakEnøgrabesµI ¦minrabesµI minFøab´áneXIj p;ay RB¼c&nÞ RB¼GaTitüeLIy k¾CaGñkbdiesFfa vtSúepßg@TaMgena¼ KµaneT eRBa¼¹mindwgmineXIj GñkeXIjvtSúTaMgena¼k¾KµanEdr ceRmInBr mhabBiRt bursEPñkxVak´niyayy¨agen¼ ehAfa niyayRtÚv ¦xus ?


- 194 -

esþcáyasieqøIyfa bBiRtRB¼ksßb£ bursEPñkxVak´niyay xus eRBa¼vtSúepßg@TaMgena¼man TaMgGñkEdleXIjvtSúTaMgena¼k¾man . RB¼efr£TUlfa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt@ RTg´bdiesFerOg eTvtaCan´tavtþigß

k¾eRbóbdUcbursxVak´EPñkGMBIkMeNItdUecña¼

ehtuEdlGatµaPaBfa

elakxagmuxman

eRBa¼

stVCa«bátikkMeNItman

plkmµEdlstVeFIVlð eFIVGaRkk´man minEmneXIjedaymMsckçú KW EPñksac´ EtRtÚveXIjedayTiBVckçú KWEPñkTiBV ( sMedAdl´jaNBiess EdleFIV[emIlGVIeXIjántamRáfña ) smNRBahµN_BYkxø¼ enAkñúgTI

esnasn£s¶at´es¶óm brisuT§ Fmµta

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«bátikkMeNIt eXIjplkmµEdlstVeFIVlð eFIVGaRkk´ántamRáfña sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt

erOgrbs´brelak

elakxagmux

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RtÚveXIjedayTiBVckçúy¨agen¼ minEmn eXIjedayEPñksac´dUcEdl mhabBiRtRTg´yl´dUecña¼eT . esþcáyasiRtas´fa

ksßb£eBaly¨agena¼k¾smBit

Et¹

enAEtyl´eXIjfa erOgTaMgena¼minman dUecña¼dEdl . RB¼efr£

sUmfVayRB¼Br

bBiRtRTg´eCORbkan´fa

manehtuGVIeTot¦

EdleFIV[mha

erOgTaMgen¼minman ?

esþcáyasi bBiRtksßb£ enAmanehtupleTot EdleFIV[ ¹eCOfaminman .


- 195 -

RB¼efr£ sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt RTg´manehtupldUcemþc sUmRtas´GFib,ay

[GatµaPaBánsþab´pgcu¼ .

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sðb´esckIþTukç

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k¾KYrelbfñaMBul

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júaMgCIvit[rs´enA

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plkmµEdlstVeFIVlð eFIVGaRkk´minman . RB¼kumarksßbetSr rkehtuplmkeRbóbeFob[esþcáyasi RTg´sþab´fa

sUmfVayRB¼Br

ehtupltamEdlmhabBiRtRtas´mk

ena¼ GatµaPaBmankareRbóbeFobdUecñ¼ RBahµN_mñak´manPriyaBIrnak´ Priyamñak´manbutþGayu 10 xYb ¦ 12 xYb cMENkPriyamñak´eTot manKP’cas´CitnwgRbsUt EtRBahµN_CasVamIánsøab´eTAmun cMENk maNBtUcEdlCabutþ

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EdlCarbs´]Bukdl´¹cu¼

.


- 196 -

nagRBahµNICamþaycugRáb´maNBtUcfa kUneGIy kUncUrrg´ caM[mþayRbsUtsin ebIkUnrbs´Em¨CaRbús k¾nwgánmt’kmYycMENk ebICaRsI

Em¨nwgelIk[CaPriyarbs´kUn .

maNBtUcminyl´RBmBaküGgVrkrrbs´mþaycug ánniyay TTUcsuMy¨agen¼eTotCaelIkTI 2-3 rhUteFIV[nagRBahµNIGt´RTaMrg´ caMteTAminán

eTIbRsvacab´s®sþacUleTAkñúgbnÞb´

v¼eBa¼rbs´xøÜn

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edIm,ITMnukbRmúgdl´eTvta

nig

mnusßTaMgLay sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt edayehtuen¼sUmmha


- 197 -

bBiRt

RTg´dak´RB¼T&yeCOcu¼fa

elakxagmuxman

stVCa«bátik

kMeNItman plkmµEdlstVeFIVlð eFIVGaRkk´man . esþcáyasiRtas´G¼Gagfa

bBiRtksßb£

ehtuplEdl

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RTg´eBalerOg[RB¼kumarksßbetSrsþab´fa

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- 198 -

KYr[rIkray Rs¼eákçrNIEdlKYr[rIkrayxø¼¦eT mhabBiRt ? esþcáyasi¿ bBiRtksßb£ Føab´subineXIjEdr . RB¼efr£¿

kñúgevlaena¼

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- 199 -

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RB¼efr£TUlfa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt y¨agNa kemþA

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KWragkayen¼ exßayCag

Edken¼man«bma

kalRbkbedayGayu nigeRbIkargaránlðCag

ebIragkayen¼ minRbkbedayGayu kemþA nigviBaØaN k¾F¶n´rwg nigeRbI


- 200 -

kargarminán

edayehtuen¼

sUmmhabBiRtRTg´dak´RB¼T&ycu¼fa

brelakman

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plkmµEdlstVeFIVlð

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RTg´CMTas´fa

BaküEdl

ksßb£eBaldUecñ¼

k¾smEdr Et¹enAEteCOfa minman dUcn&ymun . RB¼efr£TUlfa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt karRTg´eCOfa min manrbs´mhabBiRtRTg´bNþalmkBIehtuGVI ? esþcáyasiRtas´eqøIyfa kareCOdUecñ¼

sac´

srés

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bBiRtksßb£

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rbs´ecarfaecjeTA

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.


- 201 -

RB¼efr£TUlfa sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt ebIdUecña¼ GatµaPaB nwgnaM«bmaeRbóbeFobmk[mhabBiRtsþab´

manmnusßpøúMs&gçmñak´

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- 202 -

QanedIrfyeRkay Qr Gg:úy edkán eXIjrUb |sMeLg FMukiøn dwgrs Bal´RtÚvepadæBV£edaykayán rUbFm’ ( manclnarYmCamYy nwgcitþ ) án EtebIragkayen¼ minRbkbedayGayu ePøIgFatu nig viBaØaN

ragkayen¼k¾keRmIkminán

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RTg´bBa¢ak´fa

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Rtas´Ráb´GMBIBiFIEdlRTg´Føab´BiesaFfa

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sUmfVayRB¼BrmhabBiRt

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- 203 -

manpñÜgsk´ )

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kMeTcerayeTAtamxül´ edayyl´fanwgánePIøg EteKminánePIøgdUc KMnitKit ÉCdileFIVkic©rYceRscehIy eTIbRtLb´mkGaRsmrbs´xøÜn ándwgerOgrbs´ekµgtUck¾Kitfa

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nwgmanGñkeBalti¼edol¹fa

esþc


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áyasi cMCamnusßl¶g´exøANas´ minvagév Rbkan´EtesckIþxus ¹ muxCanwgRtLb´Rbkan´Tidæiena¼vij edayesckIþeRkaFxø¼ edaykarlb´ KuNxø¼ edaykarRbLgvasnaxø¼ eTIb¹minGacl¼esckIþyl´eXIj xusTaMg

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elaknwgnaMreT¼eTANa

? RbFanRkúmreT¼sYrfa tampøÚvxagmux


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ÉeNa¼ manePøógFøak´xø¼¦eT ? burssm,úrexµAeBaltbfa tampøÚvxagmuxÉeNa¼manePøógFøak´ eRcIn tampøÚvmanKum<eQI esµA nigTwkbribUN’ BYkelakcUrecalesµA Gus Twk nigvtSúcas´@ecalcu¼ eRBa¼reT¼RsalnwgeTAánrh&s eKa TwmreT¼rbs´BYkelakk¾minlMák . RbFanRkúmreT¼ minBicarNaeCOBaküTaMgena¼ ánRbkasdl´ brivarrbs´xøÜn tamBakürbs´burssm,úrexµAehIynaMbrivareTA Gt´áy Gt´Twksøab´rhUtKµansl´

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bBiRtksßb£

¹minGac

eRBa¼RB¼áTbesnTiekasl


- 208 -

rhUtRB¼raCaGg:déT@eTot k¾RTg´RCab¹sBVRKb´fa esþcáyasiman kareXIjfa

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elakenAEt


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bursena¼eBaltbnwgmnusßTaMgLayfa BYkGñkÉgq;Üt man citþvibrit

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GñkelgbnøMEdlKYr[GaNitGasUr


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- 254 -

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- 256 -

CIvRbvtþirbs´RB¼lkuNþkPTÞiyetSr 



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- 258 -

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- 259 -

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- 261 -

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- 262 -

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- 263 -



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- 264 -

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- 269 -



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