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Undergraduate Category: Humanities and Arts Degree Level: Bachelor of Science Abstract ID#: 446

: INTERLOCK

RETHINKING THE TYPICAL RESIDENTIAL BLOCK

Whether located in an urban or suburban setting, the typical residential block provides certain positive attributes, from walkability and diversity in a thriving city to a sense of ownership and private green space in a detached suburb. Because of this, however, the two residential block strategies lack what the other provides. This design project highlights the problems with residential typologies of the urban and suburban models and proposes a hybrid for the “new residential block.” To achieve this hybrid it is necessary to respond to the social and economic needs of a city by providing a variety of housing unit types in different densities. This proposal resolves these issues

URBAN

SUBURBAN

and a multi-family residential building as part of a denser urban setting. Whereas the

high density

low density

high density

low density

proposed detached houses reimagine ownership in order to respond to the struggling

accessibility to public transportation

auto-oriented community

accessibility to public transportation

auto-oriented community

in the form of two housing types: detached housing inspired by the suburban model

American housing market, the multi-family residential building introduces density

high walkability

and diversity to revive and activate the community. Though conceptualized in

shared open green space

different densities to provide solutions to the preceding issues, these two housing

diverse array of residents

types implement the same aggregation method and site strategy; interlocking the

proximity to ammenities and public services

PROPOSAL

private open green spaces

high walkability

quiet neighborhood

shared open green space

sense of housing ownership

diverse array of residents

private open green spaces quiet neighborhood sense of housing ownership

proximity to ammenities and public services

numerous units reduces inefficiency in planning and allows for an abundance of shared outdoor space.

1 bedroom 658 sf

1 bedroom 792 sf

1 bedroom 701 sf

1 bedroom 916 sf

1 bedroom 731 sf

1 bedroom 1,014 sf

2 bedrooms 1,045 sf

2 bedrooms 904 sf

TOTAL NUMBER OF FORECLOSURES

}

A staple in the Netherlands, these

2011 Chicago

2010

2008 9’

2008 recession

2007 13’

2006

without sacrificing pedestrian and

Los Angeles

3,857,799 people

2 bedrooms 936 sf

1 bedroom 792 sf

1 bedroom 701 sf

1 bedroom 916 sf

1 bedroom 731 sf

1 bedroom 1,014 sf

}

Columbus

2003 2002 2001

Boston

2000 1 million

2 million

1,382,951 people

809,798 people

2010

permeable

2011

stormwater management and urban

2012

road

to

allow

for

rainwater runoff.

636,479 people

1 million

3 million

bicycle movement. Seen as a “living street,” these woonerfs double as

San Antonio

2004

1 bedroom 676 sf

roads provide accessibilty for cars

2,714,856 people

2009

2005

2 bedrooms 1,045 sf

WOONERFS

POPULATION IN CITIES

2 million

3 million

9’

13’

FLEXIBLE HOUSING Aggregating the units in clusters of two or three Present

allow for a long-term living flexibility previously unseen in the single-family detached Ventilation

Section

housing typology.

+ 10 years

VERTICAL HOUSING Interlocking the units vertically allows for circuation + 15 years

core of the building. This maximizes daylight and ventilation in the apartment units as opposed to the congested conditions in many urban residental buildings today.

]

[

]

PREFAB CONSTRUCTION Although the proposal is innovative in its design, its constructability is very simple.

and building services to be pushed to the central

Daylighting

[

Level 1

Level 2

By standardizing the

subunits, prefabrication allows for ease in construction

[

NEU

]

and aggregation. Prefab construction also ensures better quality in the end result because it is prepared off-site. As a result, this future model of the typical residential block can be replicated anywhere.

RISE2014_Jad Ismail_Raghd Zaqout  
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