Page 1


Change out

OF ’76

Exploring South Carolina’s role in the Revolution SC G A R D E N E R

Solving a slippery slope SC R E C I PE


Tailgating treats



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We’ve all had nights when we just can’t lie down in bed and sleep, whether it’s from heartburn, cardiac problems, hip or back aches – it could be a variety of reasons. Those are the nights we’d give anything for a comfortable chair to sleep in, one that reclines to exactly the right degree, raises feet and legs to precisely the desired level, supports the head and shoulders properly, operates easily even in the dead of night, and sends a hopeful sleeper right off to dreamland.

Sit up, lie down — and anywhere in between!

THE MAGAZINE FOR COOPERATIVE MEMBERS Vol. 69 • No. 9 (ISSN 0047-486X, USPS 316-240) Read in more than 550,000 homes and businesses and published monthly except in December by The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. 808 Knox Abbott Drive Cayce, SC 29033 Tel:  (803) 926-3 1 75 Fax:  (803) 796-6064 Email: EDITOR


Diane Veto Parham FIELD EDITOR


Pam Martin


Sharri Harris Wolfgang DESIGNER

Susan Collins

September 2015 • Volume 69, Number 9


21 Reliving

the American Revolution

Fal Wintle& Trave r Guidel

Explore the important role South Carolina played in the fight for freedom at the state’s top battle reenactments and living history events.


Andrew Chapman WEB EDITOR



Susan Scott Soyars Contributors

Becky Billingsley, Mike Couick, Dik Daso, Jim Dulley, Jan A. Igoe, Charles Joyner, Justin LaBerge, Belinda Smith-Sullivan, S. Cory Tanner Publisher

Lou Green Advertising

Mary Watts Tel: (803) 739-5074 Email: National Representation

National Country Market Tel:  (800) NCM-1181 Paid advertisements are not endorsements by any electric cooperative or this publication. If you encounter a difficulty with an advertisement, inform the Editor. ADDRESS CHANGES: Please send

to your local co-op. Postmaster: Send Form 3579 to Address Change, c/o the address above.


10 Enlightened accountability

Democratic member control ensures your local electric cooperative serves the greater good. ENERGY Q&A

12 What do you need


from extra AC?

Learn how mini-split heat pumps can be an efficient way to heat and cool your home. SMART CHOICE

14 How ’bout this weather?

Score a victory at your next tailgating party with Chef Belinda’s favorite football recipes. GARDENER



OF ’76 SC G A R D E N E R


Tailgating treats



38 Fly the formerly friendly skies




d s / iS to

Bring your sense of humor to its upright and locked position as Jan Igoe tackles the perils of modern air travel.

m P. Ed wa r

A Continental Army reenactor prepares for the mock battle at Historic Camden’s Revolutionary War Field Days. Photo by Mic Smith.

Ornamental grasses are a low-maintenance way to control erosion and spruce up your landscape.

W il li a

Solving a slippery slope

Member of the NCM network of publications, reaching more than 7 million homes and businesses


18 Let the games begin!


20 Pretty plants for sunny slopes

Exploring South Carolina’s role in the Revolution

Printed on recycled paper

Meet the man who literally wrote the book on South Carolina barbeque.


Keep an eye on the forces of nature with 10 gadgets that monitor our ever-changing environment.


16 The guru of ’que

C h i l d re s s J o h n s

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING is brought to you by your member-owned, taxpaying, not-for-profit electric cooperative to inform you about your cooperative, wise energy use and the faces and places that identify the Palmetto State. Electric cooperatives are South Carolina’s — and America’s — largest utility network.

Get ready for high-flying fun at Balloons Over Anderson. Plus: Join the campaign to clean South Carolina’s waterways and beaches.


© COPYRIGHT 201 5. The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. No portion of South Carolina Living may be reproduced without permission of the Editor.



Periodicals postage paid at Columbia, S.C., and additional mailing offices.

Cooperative news

Mic Smith

Van O’Cain

On the Agenda City of Rock Hill

For a listing p m co lete s, see of Event 6 page 3




LeMons South Fall

This wild and wacky contest for clunkers is one of a nationwide series of endurance races featuring cars that have been purchased, fixed up and track-prepped for $500 or less. LeMons cars can be anything from souped-up stretch limos to ramshackle sedans. Spectator passes are good for the full weekend. The fun-focused races at Carolina Motorsports Park in Kershaw raise funds for Speedway Children’s Charities. For details, visit or call (803) 475-2448.


UCI BMX Supercross World Cup Finals

Get an advance look at future Olympians as 200 athletes from 25 countries race across Rock Hill’s world-class BMX track. Supercross World Cup cyclists have been competing this year in England, the Netherlands, Sweden and Argentina. They finish up in Rock Hill to snag qualifying points for the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. This is the first time the championship event has been held on the East Coast. For details, visit or call (803) 326-2441.


South Carolina State Native American Cherokee Fiddling Championship Trail River Festival

Rich in Native American culture, this family-friendly Midlands festival is in its 15th year of sharing the heritage of multiple tribes through storytelling, music, dancing, weaving, drumming and much more. Featured this year are champion hoop dancer and flute player Lowery Begay (right) and the Tlaltlacayolotl Aztec dancers, all at Granby Gardens Park at 1800 12th St. Extension in Cayce.

For details, visit or call (864) 898-2936.

For details, visit or call (803) 366-1705.


Balloons Over Anderson

Rainbow-colored hot-air balloons may give rise to flights of fancy in spectators at this festival at Anderson Civic Center. Fans can take to the sky in tethered rides and balloon flights or in the new helicopter tours over Anderson. On the ground, family fun includes supercharged lawnmower races, inflatables, carnival rides and an awe-inspiring Saturday-night “balloon glow.”

Craig Childress Johnson

For details, visit


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

Kathrin Sapiha

Fall is for fiddle music in the S.C. mountains, as the state fiddling championship returns to Hagood Mill Historic Site near Pickens. The focus is on “old time” traditional folk music, with prizes for senior and junior fiddlers, plus string band, banjo, guitar and “wildcat open” categories. Reigning champ Robert Burns (above) will help judge. Bring a favorite old-time instrument to join in the day-long open jam.


Keeping energy affordable

GONE FISHIN’ The Vektor Fish & Game Forecast provides feeding and migration times. Major periods can bracket the peak by an hour. Minor peaks, ½ hour before and after. Minor

AM Major



PM Major

17 9:22 2:52 2:52 8:22 18 10:22 3:22 3:22 8:52 19 11:52 4:07 4:07 9:22 20 — 5:22 2:07 10:22 21 — 6:52 12:22 3:22 22 — 8:22 9:37 4:07 23 2:07 9:22 10:07 4:37 24 3:37 10:22 10:52 5:07 25 4:37 11:07 11:37 5:37 26 5:22 11:52 6:07 12:07 27 — 6:22 6:37 12:37 28 7:07 12:52 1:07 7:07 29 7:52 1:37 1:52 7:37 30 8:52 2:07 2:22 8:07


AM Major


PM Major

Not-for-profit business model Electric co-ops exist to provide safe, reliable and affordable energy to members in the communities they serve—not to make profits for shareholders.

Energy policy advocacy

We ensure state and federal lawmakers understand how legislation and regulation impact the cost and reliability of electricity for 1.3 million South Carolinians who get their power from electric co‑ops.

Technology and innovation

Conservation and efficiency

Electric co-ops are exploring alternative energy sources and finding ways to improve the affordability and reliability of electric service.

Electric co-ops promote energy efficiency and wise energy use through a variety of programs.

were instrumental in building the Colleton Solar Farm— the state’s largest solar facility. Conservation and efficiency Finally, it’s important to remember that the cheapest kilowatt is the one you never use. South Carolina’s electric cooperatives pioneered the use of whole-house efficiency programs that help individual homeowners lower their utility bills and reduce the need to build costly new power plants. As you can see, there’s no shortcut to keeping energy affordable. It takes a lot of people working hard on many different fronts to fight the affordability battle. Though it might not be simple, you can be confident your local ­electric cooperative is looking out for you. —Justin LaBerge


1 9:52 2:52 3:07 8:37 2 11:07 3:52 3:37 9:07 3 — 4:52 1:07 9:37 4 — 6:07 10:52 2:52 5 — 7:37 9:52 3:52 6 1:37 8:52 10:22 4:22 7 3:07 9:37 10:52 4:37 8 4:07 10:22 11:07 4:52 9 4:52 11:07 5:22 11:37 10 5:37 11:37 5:37 11:52 11 — 6:22 12:07 12:22 12 — 6:52 12:37 6:07 13 7:22 12:52 1:07 6:37 14 8:07 1:22 1:22 6:52 15 8:37 1:37 1:52 7:22 16 9:22 2:22 2:37 7:37


If your home is more than 20 years old, chances are the insulation isn’t up to the R-38 efficiency standard recommended for South Carolina dwellings. Bringing insulation up to standards can reduce your energy bills up to 30 percent and increase the comfort level of your home. For tips on insulation projects, visit   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Lineman: Touchstone; Colleton Solar Farm: Mic Smith; thermostat: NRECA

When the price of energy goes up, consumers have less money to spend on other things, and for many families, increases in energy costs mean hard choices, such as whether to pay the light bill or the grocery bill. South Carolina’s electric cooperatives understand that reality and work hard every day to keep rates as low as possible while still maintaining a safe and reliable system. Here’s how: A not-for-profit business model The most powerful weapon in your cooperative’s fight to keep energy affordable is the not-for-profit business model. Unlike investorowned utilities, electric cooperatives aren’t in business to make profits for shareholders. They exist only to provide safe, reliable and affordable energy to members in the communities they serve. Energy policy advocacy Government regulation is a fact of life for utilities, but all too often, well-intentioned policies have costly consequences for consumers. Through membership in statewide and national associations, your cooperative works with others to make your voice heard in Columbia and Washington, D.C. We ensure lawmakers and regulators understand how the regulations they propose will affect the cost and reliability of electric service for more than 1.3 million South Carolinians who use power provided by co-ops. Technology and innovation The energy industry is in the midst of a period of significant change, and many of these advances have the potential to improve the affordability, reliability and efficiency of our nation’s electric system. To better understand the potential of renewable energy sources, South Carolina’s electric cooperatives

South Carolina’s electric co-ops are looking out for you by working hard to provide affordable electricity

On the Agenda O n ly o n

Sweep clean S.C. beaches and rivers

For one Saturday each September, thousands of volunteers comb the coastline and riverbanks of South Carolina to clean up the trash littering our waterways. The event is Beach Sweep/River Sweep, and this year it’s set for Sept. 19 from 9 a.m. to noon at sites along the state’s rivers, beaches, lakes, marshes and swamps. Aquatic debris is harmful to the state’s wildlife, environment and economy. It also interferes with access to and enjoyment of South Carolina’s natural resources. The cleanup event, now in its 27th year, is organized by the S.C. Sea Grant Consortium, in partnership with the S.C. Department of Natural Resources. The one-day sweep collects cigarette butts, old tires, fast-food containers, plastic bags, bottles and cans and other trash that gets tossed in the water and along shorelines. “This thing is really volunteer driven,” says Bill Marshall of SCDNR, coordinator of the inland sweep. “They are what make it happen.”

Bonus video Building better burgers. Eat a neater hamburger by stuffing your favorite toppings inside the patty. Chef Belinda shows you how it’s done in her video at food/chefbelinda.

Bonus Article

Mic smith

History as a hobby. Learn how living historians bring the past to life at South Carolina’s top Revolutionary War reenactments.

2014 Sweep Congaree participants display their haul of improperly dumped trash.

Interactive features

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S.C.RAMBLE! By Charles Joyner, See Answer ON Page 35

The _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Church, i










15 miles north of Beaufort, was used to hide arms and ammunition from the British during the American Revolution. Use the capital letters in the code key below to fill in the blanks above. DE H L N O S means solve i t

Bill Stangler

Register to win a $100 gift card. Need a little extra spending money as you travel the state this fall? Enter our Reader Reply Travel Sweepstakes for your chance to win. Sign up today at

In 2014, more than 4,000 S.C. volunteers gathered 23 tons of trash at 166 cleanup sites along the coast and inland waterways in 24 counties. Along with the usual trash, some of the oddities collected included a child’s Power Wheels car, computer monitors, a cast-iron tub and a boat toilet. Volunteer turnout is usually stronger at coastal cleanup sites, says Susan Ferris Hill of the S.C. Sea Grant Consortium, coastal coordinator for Beach Sweep/River Sweep. Volunteers can join teams at established cleanup sites, or they can organize a team to clean an area not listed on the event website, she says. South Carolina’s Beach Sweep/River Sweep is part of the Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup, which last year collected more than 16 million pounds of trash in 91 countries, thanks to the efforts of some 560,000 volunteers. Data from regional cleanups are shared with the Ocean Conservancy, which tallies totals to determine where the trash is coming from and how to help prevent it. To volunteer yourself or your group for Beach Sweep/River Sweep, visit to learn more about coastal cleanup sites or to locate inland sites. —Diane Veto Parham


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |



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Enlightened accountability i­ndustrial members with a disproportionate share of costs. Whether it’s to each other, to our families or Industry continues to knock on cooperato our work, the accountability that results from the cooperative principle of “one member, one tive doors. While traditional economic incenvote” demands a level of respect and undertives are sometimes offered to lure businesses to co-op-served areas, the principle of demostanding for one another and a commitment to the greater good that benefits everyone. cratic member control is never on the negotiating table. The new Volvo manufacturing plant in Accountability to the overall membership is Berkeley County, served by one of the biggest reasons electric cooperatives in Edisto Electric Cooperative, The Seven South Carolina have flouris the latest example. As a Co o p e r at i v e pri n cipl e s new member of the co-op, ished for 75 years. As the giant industrial facility democratic organizations 1. Voluntary and open membership is counted as one member controlled by members, our 2. Democratic member control and gets exactly one vote; co-ops are driven by the 3. Members’ economic participation however, the entire Edisto good of the whole to adopt 4. Autonomy and independence Electric membership is policies and procedures 5. Education, training and information keenly aware that the new that reflect the will of the 6. Cooperation among cooperatives plant is a game changer majority. for their area—a developI like to think of this 7. Concern for community as “enlightened accountment not to be handled or treated lightly. ability,” because members must understand the importance of the success As S.C. electric cooperatives look forward to the next 75 years of serving all members equitaof the cooperative as a whole if the organization is to thrive. Not only should the cooperative be bly, the principle of democratic member control accountable to members, but members should remains strong, and it will guide us as we tackle be accountable to each other. the tough issues related to residential solar and Within the first decade of rural electrification other forms of distributed energy generation. across South Carolina, economic development Only a very small percentage of co-op members came knocking on the door in the form of indus- currently have solar panels on their homes, and yet our co-ops are active in getting ahead of that try looking to interconnect with farms, schools trend to make it work for the benefit of all memand churches already served by cooperatives. As large industries were added to their lines, cooper- bers—today, and in the future. Enlightened accountability means making the atives stuck to the principle of “one member, one system work for everyone, and we test drive this vote.” The largest industrial customer was entiprinciple every day by researching and developtled to no more and no less than the voting representation of the smallest residential user. ing new and emerging energy technologies and What communities and businesses discovby honoring the democratic structure that has ered was that enlightened democracy works. served us so well for so long. Residential members—aware that large industrial members improved overall system efficiency, created jobs and generated tax revenue—were careful not to overburden commercial and Democratic member control is profound.

Mike Couick

President and CEO, The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |


Santee Cooper welcomes Volvo Cars to the Palmetto State! And why wouldn’t they come here? We lead the nation in automobile exports and Southern hospitality. Santee Cooper, together with our partners at the South Carolina Power Team, Edisto and Berkeley cooperatives, will be along for the ride to help Volvo drive toward “Brighter Tomorrows, Today.” •


By Jim Dulley

What do you need from extra AC?


We have a new room addition and an upstairs bedroom that our central air conditioner doesn’t cool very well. Should we install window air conditioners or a mini‑split system?

More information on ductless cooling systems can be found at ductless-mini-split-heat-pumps, or go to and navigate to “Ductless Heating and Cooling” under “Find Energy Star products.” The following companies offer mini-split air conditioners/heat pumps: Carrier, (800) 227-7437, Fujitsu General, (888) 888-3424, LG, (800) 423-4164, Mitsubishi Electric, (800) 433-4822, Samsung, (888) 699-6067,


Mini-split heat pumps are small enough that both the indoor unit and outdoor condenser/compressor can be mounted high on walls, allowing for plenty of clearance underneath.

mini-splits can run to more than $1,000, plus the cost of installation. But in homes that rely on electric-­ resistance heating methods or where aging ductwork may be losing its efficiency, mini-split systems can help reduce monthly electric bills. With a window air conditioner, all the components—compressor, air circulation fan, condenser fan—are in the cabinet mounted in the window. Although it is insulated against heat flow and sound, it is not ideal for energy efficiency. Newer versions are fairly quiet but still may be noisy while you sleep. A mini-split system is similar to a central air conditioner or heat pump, with the condenser fan, coils and compressor in an outdoor unit, which is flat and small. It can be mounted high on an exterior wall and up to 100 feet away from the room or group of rooms to be cooled or heated. This virtually eliminates indoor noise from these components. The indoor cooling coil is mounted in a fan unit on the wall or ceiling of the room where it’s needed. It’s connected to the outdoor unit by refrigerant and electric lines. Only a 3-inch-diameter hole needs to be cut through the wall; the condensate

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |



James Dulley


This is a common problem for second-floor rooms and add-ons. Warm air tends to rise to upper floors through cracks, gaps and stairwells. Room additions are sometimes not connected to existing ductwork or served efficiently by a home’s current heating/cooling system. The choice between installing a mini-split heat pump or a window air conditioner depends on your needs. A window air conditioner can provide extra cooling in a room at a low initial cost, when energy efficiency is not the primary concern. Mini-split heat pumps are ductless systems that can cool or heat individual rooms, with the added benefits of quieter operation and increased efficiency, but at a higher up-front price. The main drawback for mini-split heat pumps is cost. A window unit generally sells for less than $300;

drain from the evaporator coils can go out through the same hole. Unlike a window unit, mini-splits can’t be moved once installed. Mini-split systems can cool an entire house by installing indoor wall units in several rooms. The conditioned air circulates naturally throughout the house. A mini-split unit also allows for zone cooling of your house, which can lower your electric bill. There’s no need to keep the downstairs cool all night while you’re sleeping upstairs. The mini-split system lets you set the central heat-pump thermostat higher at night, so you’re not paying to cool unused spaces. Innovative inverter compressor technology in some mini-split systems lets the compressor run at variable speeds—when a room reaches your selected thermostat setting, the inverter compressor speed slows to maintain that temperature. Newer models also offer options for remote control and a dehumidification setting. An HVAC professional can help you decide if a mini-split is suited to your needs. Send questions to Energy Q&A, South Carolina Living, 808 Knox Abbott Drive, Cayce, SC 29033, email or fax (803) 739-3041.


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By Becky Billingsley

How ’bout this weather? WEATHER CENTER


CLEAR VIEW Want just the facts? Big, bold numbers proclaim the outside temperature clearly on the Easy-To-Read WeatherResistant Outdoor Digital Window Thermometer. It quickly attaches to a window with suction cups. $17. (877) 255-3700;

EYE ON THE SKY On golf courses, near the water or anywhere there’s a risk of lightning, the SkyScan Model P5-3 detects and warns of potential danger. It monitors lightning and thunderstorms within 40 miles and shows how close the strikes are. $219. (888) 817-7971;

ONE FOR ALL Before you’re even out of bed, a glance at the multi-function LaCrosse Wireless Color Forecast Station shows your indoor and outdoor temperatures, heat index, barometric pressure, dew point, digital time and date. There’s also an alarm setting, snooze feature and USB port for charging a smartphone. $66. (608) 782-1610;

SUIT YOURSELF Get a visual aid while deciding how to dress for the day. The What-to-Wear Weather Station displays a whimsical character who shows you his choices— for warm temperatures, shorts and a T-shirt; when it’s chilly, a hat, jacket and long pants. He also has nifty rain gear. $35. (877) 221-1252;



Through summer sun­ shine and winter ice storms, keep tra ck of the weather so you’ll know what to wear and how to ­prepare.

STRESSED OUT Anyone who labors in hot conditions knows the dangers of heat stroke. Monitor the hot zone with a Kestrel 4600 Heat Stress Meter, a handheld device that sounds an alarm if environmental conditions enter an unsafe range, so you can seek a cool spot or take a hydration break. $589. (248) 270-8898;


RAIN DRAIN Stay dry inside while you monitor how much rain has fallen in your yard with a RainWise Rainew Wireless Rain Gauge. A battery-operated transmitter feeds the data to an indoor monitor. When the collector is full, it automatically tips and dumps. $200. (800) 762-5723;

POCKET PROTECTOR For continuous updates on the go, the pocket-sized Oregon Scientific Emergency Portable Weather Radio displays National Weather Service alerts, plus advisories from U.S. Emergency All Hazards, the local Emergency Alert System and NOAA. Program it for forecasts for your geographic area. $40. (800) 853-8883;

DAMP DRY The weather outside can affect conditions inside. Keep a round-the-clock watch on your home’s temperature and humidity with Traceable’s 4096 Digital Humidity/Temperature Meter. Protect against mildew, musty odors and muggy air by monitoring temperatures from 32 F to 122 F and humidity ranges from 25 to 95 percent. $68. (281) 482-1714;

CRANK IT UP When the power’s out, you can recharge a Sangean AM/FM WX Emergency Radio MMR-88 by USB, solar power or hand crank. Stay tuned to favorite stations while you get severe weather warnings. It also features a handy LED flashlight. $53. (800) 390-1119;

HYDRATION STATION Too much or too little humidity can be bad for your health, your home and your possessions. Keep your indoor environment properly hydrated with data from a Caliber 4R Gold Hygrometer, which combines a classic analog design with the accuracy of a digital display. $25. (888) 280-4331;

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |



700A11 41 EER | 5.3 COP

You may not realize it, but your home is sitting on a free and renewable supply of energy. A WaterFurnace geothermal comfort system taps into the stored solar energy in your backyard to provide savings of up to 70% on heating, cooling and hot water. And, for a limited time you’ll receive our Symphony web-enabled comfort platform FREE1 with the purchase of select geothermal packages. Contact your local WaterFurnace dealer today to learn how to tap into your buried treasure. YOUR LOCAL WATERFURNACE DEALERS

Aiken/Augusta/ Lexington Mr. Central (803) 994-8757

Chapin/Newberry Fulmer Htg & Clg (803) 276-1553

Greenville Carolina Htg Services GeoPro Master Dealer (864) 232-5684

Anderson/Clemson McGee Htg & Air (864) 339-9251

Columbia/Lexington/ Midlands Brian’s Htg & Clg (803) 796-1788

Barnwell/Denmark/ Orangeburg Neeley Htg & Air (803) 793-3370

Cassell Brothers Htg & Clg (803) 732-9669

Myrtle Beach/Georgetown Waccamaw Cooling GeoPro Master Dealer (843) 235-8082

Charleston Berkeley Heating & Air GeoPro Master Dealer (843) 747-6700

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Rock Hill/Charlotte Panther Htg & Clg, Inc. GeoPro Master Dealer (803) 327-2700

Homeowners all over the world have discovered the benefits of using their own backyards as an energy source to provide heating, cooling, and hot water. WaterFurnace geothermal systems use the free renewable solar energy stored just a few feet below the earth’s surface to offer the finest in home comfort. This results in savings of up to 70% on home heating, cooling, and hot water bills—all while drastically reducing your carbon footprint. WaterFurnace geothermal systems don’t use combustion to create heat, they simply move the heat from the earth to provide a safe, clean and reliable home for you and your family. And they provide a level of comfort that you’ll have to experience to believe— no more hot or cold spots that are common with traditional conditioning methods. Contact your local WaterFurnace dealer today to learn how you can make the switch to geothermal and save.


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visit   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING



BY Belinda Smith-Sullivan

Let the games begin!

Football season brings tailgating e-day parties, and the goal of any gam ng your ndi spe of party is having fun. Instead grill, score a victory time in the kitchen or at the ludes sure-to-please inc t with a make-ahead menu tha . All these recipes sliders with pulled beef brisket just be can be prepared the day ahead; you ore bef ats me eat reh sure to serve them.


8 hard-boiled eggs ½ cup mayonnaise 2 tablespoons prepared mustard or 1 teaspoon dry mustard Salt and pepper to taste ½ teaspoon hot sauce 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley or 2 teaspoons dried parsley Olive slices or pimientos for garnish, optional Paprika

Cut boiled eggs in half, and scoop out yolks into a bowl. Arrange egg whites on a serving platter. Combine yolks with all ingredients except garnishes and paprika. Put yolk mixture in a piping bag (or resealable plastic bag with one corner snipped), and fill egg whites. Add desired garnish, and sprinkle with paprika. Refrigerate until ready to serve.

William P. Edwards / iStock


1 5- to 6-pound beef brisket 2–3 tablespoons all-purpose seasoning 1 medium onion, sliced 2 cloves garlic, whole 1 4-ounce can diced green chilies

¼ cup liquid smoke Slider buns Barbecue sauce of your choice Coleslaw of your choice

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

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Iul iia Ned ryg ailo va /

Preheat oven to 250 F. Trim excess fat off brisket, leaving about a quarter inch. Rub allpurpose seasoning all over the brisket. In a heavy baking pan lined with heavy foil—enough to completely cover the brisket on all sides—place onion slices, garlic and chilies. Lay the brisket, fat side up, on top of the vegetables. Sprinkle all over with liquid smoke. Fold the foil over to tightly seal it around the brisket, and place the pan on the center rack in the oven. Cook for 6–8 hours, until the brisket is fork tender and internal temperature in the thickest part of the beef is 180 F. Remove brisket from drippings, and let cool on a cutting board for 20–30 minutes before shredding or slicing. Serve on buns with coleslaw and barbecue sauce.

William P. Edwards / iStock Iuliia Nedrygailova / iStock


2 pounds chicken drumettes ¼ cup hot sauce or pepper sauce for marinade 2 cups all-purpose flour ½ cup bread crumbs, optional ½ teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper Vegetable oil, for frying 1 stick unsalted butter, melted 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice ¼ cup hot sauce for finishing sauce Blue cheese dressing Celery and carrot sticks

In a nonreactive bowl or resealable plastic bag, marinate drumettes in ¼ cup hot sauce for at least 4 hours or overnight. Preheat oven to 400 F. In a large bowl, whisk together flour, bread crumbs, salt and cayenne. Pour oil into a large, deep, heavy-bottomed skillet, to about 2 inches deep. Do not overfill. Place pan over mediumhigh heat, and heat until the oil registers 375 F on a deep-frying thermometer. (You can also use an electric deep fryer.) Working in three batches, dredge the drumettes in the flour mixture, and fry until lightly browned, about 6–8 minutes per batch. Using a slotted spoon, transfer drumettes to a paper-towel-lined cookie sheet. Make sure the oil temperature comes back to the proper temperature before frying each batch. In a large bowl, combine butter, lemon juice and ¼ cup hot sauce. Toss fried drumettes in this mixture, and transfer to a large, foil-lined baking sheet, or 2 small ones. Bake for 30 minutes, until drumettes are crispy and have absorbed most of the sauce. Transfer to a serving platter, and serve with dressing and celery and carrot sticks.


6 ripe avocados Juice of 3 limes 1 medium red onion, chopped 1 large garlic clove, minced 2 jalapeno chilies, chopped fine

1 handful fresh cilantro, chopped Olive oil Salt and pepper to taste ¼ teaspoon cumin ¼ teaspoon chili powder (or cayenne, for spicier flavor)

Halve and pit the avocados. With a tablespoon, scoop out the flesh into a mixing bowl. Mash the avocados using a fork or a potato masher, leaving them a bit chunky. Add lime juice, onion, garlic, jalapeno and cilantro, and fold everything together. Drizzle with a little olive oil. Adjust seasoning to taste with salt and pepper, cumin and chili powder, and give it one final mix with a fork. Transfer to serving bowl. Lay a piece of plastic wrap tightly onto the surface of the guacamole so it doesn’t turn brown, and refrigerate for at least 1 hour before serving. Serve with favorite chips. W h at Õ s C oo k i n g at

Eat a neater hamburger by stuffing your favorite toppings inside the patty. Chef Belinda shows you how it’s done at   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING




Pretty plants for sunny slopes A variety of ornamental grasses and perennials, like these that conquered a steep slope in Greenville’s Falls Park (right), can stabilize and transform an unsightly slope of dying junipers, weeds and bare soil.


virgatum), Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), weeping lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula), feather reed grass (Calamagrostis x acutiflora) and pink muhly grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris). You might have some success with seed mixes, but you’ll likely enjoy greater success in establishing these plants by transplanting from containers or small plugs, as long as the plants are irrigated through their first summer. Consider creating a wild meadow look by mixing different grasses at random in your plantings. Or, mass several plants from a single species in a large swath, so it’s easier to appreciate the individual attributes of each grass. Sun-loving perennials and bulbs may be interspersed to provide extra color and multiple seasons of interest. Flowering perennials that look great among ornamental grasses include black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia), coneflowers (Echinacea), butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa), false indigo (Baptisia), goldenrod (Solidago) and a variety of salvias. A mix of species will increase the biodiversity of the slope, turning it into a hotbed of butterfly, bee and bird activity. Because slopes are commonly created from a landscape cut or fill during construction, they are usually composed of very poor soil. Perform a soil test before planting, and make the necessary adjustments. As always, organic

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

Diane Veto Parha m

of gardeners. These hillside challenges offer up one problem after another: hot, dry locations that are awkward to maintain, with poor soil and chronic erosion. Without vegetation, they can deteriorate into unsightly wastelands. For years, the standard advice has been to plant juniper groundcovers or turfgrasses on these sites. Junipers are certainly tough enough to survive slope conditions, but they give landscapes a dated look, and they tend to allow weeds to poke up in between. If invaded by a single pest or disease, such as root rot, a juniper bed will turn into a swath of dead sticks in short order. As for turfgrasses, they must be mowed with regularity—a chore that is downright dangerous on a steep slope. I say, ditch those junipers and lawn grasses in favor of a variety of attractive and easy-to-maintain ornamental grasses and perennials. Ornamental grasses, especially native species, are well adapted to enduring sunny slopes. Most can survive on low levels of soil nutrients and are drought tolerant once established. As a bonus, they have dense, fibrous root sysGet More For tems that are great for a full listing of stabilizing soil and reducspecies of ornamental ing erosion. grasses and care instrucGrasses come in all tions, see the HGIC 1178 shapes, sizes and ­colors. fact sheet “Ornamental Grasses” at The wind blowing extension/hgic/plants/ through grass leaves adds landscape/flowers. graceful ­movement and a pleasant sound to your landscape. A few years ago, these grasses were hard to find in the nursery trade. But today, some are widely available, and you can even find multiple cultivars for most species. Some good options for slopes are switchgrass (Panicum

S. Cory Tanner

Steep, sunny slopes frustrate plenty

matter (compost) will further improve the soil, increasing the health of your planting. Add a 2- to 3-inch layer of organic mulch (shredded hardwood or pine straw) to reduce erosion, conserve soil moisture and prevent weeds. Other than watering during establishment and fertilizing occasionally, the only care these plantings will need is periodic weeding, focused on removing large weeds and woody plants that invade, and an annual mowing. Cutting back the grasses once a year, typically in February or March, will help keep the patch tidy and manageable. A mix of ornamental grasses and perennials will have fewer pest and disease problems than a monoculture of junipers or turfgrasses, and it enhances wildlife habitat. Instead of a boring mat of green, you can enjoy a living, breathing, prairie-style landscape on your slope. is an area horticulture agent for Clemson Extension based in Greenville County. Contact him at


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Rucker aim ove ric member Chris Broad River Elect ing demonstration at Walnut Grwith fir r a g to ac rin en du re is a cannon al Festifall. Rucker Plantation’s annu a Independent Rangers. lin the South Caro   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


K e y m o m e n t s i n t h e Am e ric a n R e v o l u t i o n

April 19, 1775

Battle of Lexington and Concord

Nov. 19–21, 1775

First Battle of Ninety Six

June 29, 1776

Battle of Sullivan’s Island

The first shots of the American Revolution are fired in Massachusetts. Upstate Loyalists and Patriots engage in a three-day skirmish at the Cherokee trading town on the western frontier. The conflict foreshadows the partisan militia conflicts that erupt across S.C. later in the war. A British armada attempts to take Charleston by sea but fails when their cannonballs bounce off the Patriot fortress built from sand and palmetto logs on the tip of Sullivan’s Island.

July 4, 1776  Declaration of Independence ratified April 2–May 12, 1780 Siege of Charleston

July 12, 1780

Battle of Huck’s Defeat

Aug. 15–16, 1780

Oct. 7, 1780

Battle of Kings Mountain

Jan. 17, 1781

Battle of Cowpens

April 25, 1781

Capt. Christian Huck rides into York County, terrorizing Scots-Irish settlers. Enraged Patriots surround the Loyalist encampment during the night, killing Huck and most of his troops.

Battle of Camden

Gen. Horatio Gates attacks Cornwallis at Camden, but his exhausted and ill troops are no match for the Redcoats. Cornwallis crushes the last sizable force of Continental Army troops in the South and makes Camden his headquarters. Gates is replaced by Gen. Nathanael Greene, who effectively organizes Patriot militia forces in the South. Considered the turning point of the war, this battle unites Patriot militiamen from the Carolinas, Virginia and Georgia, who join forces to soundly defeat Loyalist troops commanded by Capt. John Ferguson. Cornwallis abandons plans to move north, and the Patriot victory boosts morale throughout the Colonies.

Keith Phillips


The second British attempt to invade Charleston is a success, destroying the largest contingent of Continental Army troops in the South and giving Lt. Gen. Charles Cornwallis control of the state. Three junior officers—Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton, Maj. John Ferguson and Capt. Christian Huck—become infamous for their brutal tactics against civilians and inspire many to join the Patriot cause. The battles that follow are fought primarily by American colonists organized as Loyalist and Patriot militia units.

Continental Army troops and Patriot militia under Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan (left) make a stand at the grazing lands near Chesnee. Using the terrain to his advantage, Morgan attacks British troops under Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton on two sides, winning a decisive victory in less than 30 minutes.

Battle of Hobkirk’s Hill

Patriot troops return to Camden and attempt to drive the British from the city. The Redcoats win the battle but suffer more than 250 casualties. Days later, the British abandon Camden and retreat to Charleston.

May 22–June 19, 1781 Siege of Ninety Six

Gen. Nathanael Greene attacks the eight-point star fort built by Loyalist troops occupying the town, only to become mired in a 28-day siege. After suffering heavy casualties, the Patriots withdraw without taking the fort, but the engagement compels the British to abandon Ninety Six.

Oct. 19, 1781


Surrender at Yorktown

Driven out of the South, Cornwallis consolidates his forces in Virginia, where he is trapped between George Washington’s Continental Army and French warships. Cornwallis’ surrender brings about negotiations that formally end the war in 1783.

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

the Battle of Kings Mountain, which changed the course of the war and led to Patriot victory. As our country approaches the 240th anniver­ sary of its independence, South Carolina Living presents this travel guide to the state’s top Revolutionary War battle reenactments and living history weekends—events where families can experience what life was like during the Revolution and feel a sense of pride at the Palmetto State’s vital role in the fight for freedom.

The Battle of Huck’s Defeat Where: Historic Brattonsville When: July 9–10, 2016

After the fall of Charleston in 1780, the British ­advance into South Carolina seemed unstoppable. That summer, Loyalist cavalry units under Capt. Christian Huck rode into York County, roughing up civilians, burning homes and demanding Upstate settlers declare ­allegiance to the crown. On July 11, Huck raided the home of militia leader Col. William Bratton. In spite of threats to her life, Martha Bratton refused to give up her husband’s location, and when Huck’s men set up camp at a neighboring farm, she sent a young slave named Watt to inform Patriot commanders. Furious at Huck’s tactics, Upstate militia units banded together to surround the encampment during the night. The Patriots, hidden behind Reenactor Ron Crawley portrays Capt. Christian trees and fences, opened Huck at the 2015 fire at sunrise on July 12, event. “It’s not really 1780, soundly defeating an honor, because he’s something of the surprised Loyalists in a despicable character.” 10-minute rout that killed most of the men, including Huck. The victory boosted Patriot morale in the Upstate and rallied settlers to join the Patriot cause, says Historic Brattonsville interpreter Bob Bemis. Visitors to the 819-acre living history park can watch the battle unfold each summer during Battle of Huck’s Defeat living history weekends. The park, which served as a set during the filming of The Patriot, features 30 restored or replica structures, including the original Bratton home where William and Martha lived with their five children. The tangible sense of history and

Hundreds of reenactors bring Historic Camden to life during Revolutionary War Field Days. Mock battles play out in front of the reconstructed Joseph Kershaw mansion, where British commander Lt. Gen. Charles Cornwallis established his headquarters in August 1780.

a new walking trail through the battlefield site help visitors and reenactors feel transported to the 1700s, Bemis says. “It’s not often that you get to see—better yet, stand on—the front steps, where Christian Huck threatened Martha Bratton,” he says. “You can read about history and battles all day long, but when you actually stand there, it’s a game changer.” Historic Brattonsville is located at 1444 Brattonsville Road in McConnells. The site is open year-round Tuesday to Saturday, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday, from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Admission is $6 for adults 18–59, $5 for seniors 60 and older, $3 for children ages 4 to 17, and free for children age 3 and younger. For more information, visit or call (803) 628-6553. 

Revolutionary War Field Days Where: Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site When: Nov. 7–8, 2015

One of America’s most devastating defeats during the Revolution occurred at Camden on Aug. 16, 1780. Continental Army troops under Gen. Horatio Gates were mauled by Redcoats commanded by Lt. Gen. Charles Cornwallis during the sweltering heat of a South Carolina summer day.

After his exhausted troops fell, Gates fled north, and he was later relieved of command of the Southern Army. His replacement, Gen. Nathanael Greene, expertly managed the war in the South, and his strategy—one of harassment and selective offensive operations using militia—was instrumental in leading the Americans to victory. Cornwallis and 2,500 Redcoats occupied Camden for nearly a year until Greene attacked on April 25, 1781, in the Battle of Hobkirk’s ll

Don Hendrix (left) and Ron Norman fold the Patriot battle flag after recreating the Battle of Camden. Both men are part of the 1st Maryland Southern Campaign reenactment unit.   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Revolutionary War Weekend S.C. historic sites join forces to tell the story of the Revolution in the Upstate One of the largest celebrations of Revolutionary War history in South Carolina actually originates in Abingdon, Va., where reenactors of the Overmountain Victory Trail Association (OVTA) gather each fall to retrace the march of Patriot militiamen who journeyed to South Carolina for the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. The reenactment march concludes with several stops at Upstate living history events collectively known as Revolutionary War Weekend. A joint partnership of the City of Gaffney, Cherokee County History and Arts Museum, National Parks Service and Spartanburg Country Historical Association, Revolutionary War Weekend is designed to celebrate the common thread of history running through multiple celebrations, says organizer Margo Blewett, a ranger with the National Park Service. “Each site is one little piece of a larger story,” she says. The partnership’s website ( is an invaluable resource for everything from driving directions to the dates and times of events held Oct. 2–7 at Walnut Grove Plantation, Cowpens National Battlefield, Kings Mountain National Military Park and in downtown Gaffney.

Oct. 2–7, 2015

Where: Kings Mountain National Military Park When: Oct. 3–4 and Oct. 7, 2015

A decisive win for the Patriots, Kings Mountain was the largest single battle fought between forces consisting of only Americans. The only European in the conflict was Maj. Patrick Ferguson, a Scot commissioned in the British Army and assigned to raise Loyalist militia forces along the North Carolina/South Carolina border. When Ferguson arrived in the region in the fall of 1780, he issued a threat to the rebel militias to lay down their arms or he would “hang their leaders and lay waste to their country with fire and sword.” The tactic of intimidation backfired. Local Patriot commanders put out a call to arms that was answered by backwoods militia soldiers from the Carolinas, Virginia and Georgia. Notable among the Patriots in the battle were 400 militia fighters from Virginia and about 500 from the “over the mountain” region of North Carolina. Collectively known as the Overmountain Men, the sharp-shooting Patriots mustered in Abingdon, Va., and at Sycamore Shoals, N.C., (now Tennessee) and marched 300 miles to join the fight. The Patriots surrounded Ferguson’s troops and attacked at about 3 p.m. on Oct. 7, 1780, inflicting heavy casualties. One hour later, Ferguson was dead and his soldiers were forced to surrender. The surprising victory was a pivotal moment in the Southern Campaign. It reversed a string of rebel defeats, boosted Patriot morale and forced Cornwallis to redirect his army. Each fall, the park offers a full weekend of living history events as part the Revolutionary War Weekend. On Oct. 3–4, visitors can explore camps of reenactors portraying both Loyalist and Patriot units, watch black-powder rifle demonstrations and take rangerled tours of the battlefield. This year’s event marks the 235th


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |


The Battle of Kings Mountain Anniversary Encampment

Engraving depicting the death of Maj. Patrick Ferguson during the Battle of Kings Mountain, from a painting by Alonzo Chappel.

anniversary of the battle, and the celebration culminates on Oct. 7 when reenactors with the Overmountain Victory Trail Association march into the park to participate in a wreath-laying ceremony. Kings Mountain National Military Park is located at 2625 Park Road in Blacksburg. For event details, visit or call (864) 936-7921. Admission is free.

The Battle of Cowpens Colonial Demonstrations Where: Cowpens National Battlefield When: Oct. 3–4 and Oct. 6, 2015; Jan. 16–17, 2016; July 4, 2016

The Battle of Cowpens was a decisive American victory that occurred on Jan. 17, 1781. Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan and his 600 Continental soldiers, with the help of the 1,000 militia men, defeated British Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton and 1,100 British Regulars. Morgan devised a plan that allowed American forces to surround the British on two sides. The battle lasted less than half an hour and resulted in 110 British killed, 229 wounded and 600 captured or missing. Upon recounting the events, Morgan stated that he had given Tarleton “a devil of a whipping.” The 845-acre Cowpens National Battlefield will host a celebration of the victory as part of Revolutionary War Weekend with reenactors on site Oct. 3–4. A unique part of the Cowpens celebration is the performance of an outdoor drama, The Night Before Kings Mountain, staged by the reenactors of the Overmountain Victory Trail Association on Tuesday, Oct. 6, at 6 p.m. “The Overmountain Men marched through Cowpens before the Battle of Kings Mountain. They stopped here to rest and to eat,” Blewett says. “Here at Cowpens is where they decided to choose their best men to continue on to Kings Mountain.” Each January, on the weekend closest to the date of the battle, the park hosts another living history encampment. The next event, marking the 235th anniversary of the conflict, takes place Jan. 16–17, 2016. The rangers and volunteers at Cowpens also put on an annual July 4 Celebration of Freedom, including rangerguided tours of the battlefield, weapons-firing demonstrations and a reading of the Declaration of Independence. To reach Cowpens National Battlefield via GPS, use 4001 Chesnee Highway as the address. The park is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., year-round. All programs are free and open to the public. For more information, visit or call (864) 461-2828.

Hill. The British held their ground, but at great cost, and soon abandoned the city. The rich history of Camden’s role in the struggle for independence is told at the Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site, a 106-acre outdoor museum featuring several replica buildings, including a full-sized reconstruction of the Joseph Kershaw mansion where Cornwallis established his headquarters. Each November, the park comes alive during Revolutionary War Field Days as approximately 500 living historians portray life in Camden during the war. One of the largest reenactments in the Southeast, the event includes civilian camps, sutlers making and selling Colonial-era goods, artillery demonstrations and mock battles based on the events that took place in and around the city, says Joanna Craig, director of Historic Camden. Throughout the weekend, guests are free to roam through the camps and interact with the reenactors, who are sticklers for recreating life exactly as it was during the Revolution. “They are dedicated, and they like sharing their knowledge,” Craig says. “Anyone who visits leaves with a new appreciation and knowledge of history, and they had a darn good time.” The Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site is located at 222 Broad St., Camden. Admission during Revolutionary War Field Days is $10 for adults, $5 for seniors, military and children age 6–15. Children under 6 admitted free. Family packages (two adults and three kids under age 15) are $30. Pets not allowed. For more information, visit or call (803) 432-9841.

From top: The mock battles staged at Walnut Grove Plantation’s annual Festifall event always draw big crowds. For local reenactors, including Chris Hammett of Spartanburg (left), the weekend is a chance to share their love of military history. Between battles, guests can roam the Patriot and Loyalist encampments where civilian reenactors demonstrate Colonial cooking, games, music and crafts.

Festifall Where: Walnut Grove Plantation When: Oct. 3–4, 2015

Settled in 1767, Walnut Grove was the home of Patriots Charles and Mary Moore, who farmed and raised livestock with their 10 children and 15 enslaved Africans. According to family lore, their eldest daughter, Margaret Catharine, warned local Patriots of the arrival of the British Army before the Battle of Cowpens. The family home was also the site of a November 1781 raid by Loyalist militia commander Maj. William “Bloody Bill” Cunningham, who executed three Patriot s­ oldiers at the farm. Complete with the restored manor house and replicas of other farm buildings, Walnut Grove is now a living history museum operated by the Spartanburg County Historical Association (SCHA). Each October, the park hosts the ll   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Reenacting the American Revolution is often a family affair. Kaelynn Lewis, 14, walks with Arley Toolin (left) and Jade Montana during the 2014 Festifall living history weekend.

village,” he says. “Any kind of Colonial-era craft you can think of, we have it out there.” Walnut Grove Plantation is located at 1200 Otts Shoals Road in Roebuck. Festifall 2015 takes place Oct. 3 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m and Oct. 4 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Admission is $10 for adults, $5 for kids ages 5–17. SCHA members receive $1 off each ticket. For more information, visit or call (864) 591-5596.

Ninety Six Crossroads Event Where: Ninety Six National Historic Site When: April 2–3, 2016

Elaine Thorp, a member of Laurens Electric ­Cooperative, demonstrates colonial weaving on an inkle loom.


Festifall cele­bration, part of the multi-site Revolutionary War Weekend (see page 24). During Festifall, more than 100 living historians demonstrate how Colonial settlers lived, fought and died for freedom during the Revolution, says Julius Dargan, SCHA’s operations and programming manager. While the reenactment of Cunningham’s raid and mock battles between Patriot militia and Redcoats is always a big draw, the best part of Festifall is engaging with the living historians, who demonstrate a variety of Colonial trades, music and games. “We turn Walnut Grove into a living Colonial

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

Throughout the war, the small trading town of Ninety Six remained an important outpost for Loyalist forces, and in 1780, British troops erected a small, eight-point star fort to hold their position. Seeking to push the British out of their last stronghold in South Carolina, American Gen. Nathanael Greene attacked on May 22, 1781. Anticipating Greene’s arrival, Loyalist soldiers erected additional barriers atop the earthen walls of the fort and settled in for what became the longest field siege of the American Revolution. In a last desperate attempt to storm the fort on June 17, 1781, Greene’s troops suffered heavy losses and were forced to withdraw, but the engagement had a surprising outcome. Loyalists soon evacuated Ninety Six, abandoning the fort and burning the town as they left. The 1,120-acre Ninety Six National Historic Site features the remains of the star fort, trenches the Patriots dug during the siege, a restored log home and tavern and a replica of the split-rail stockade that once surrounded the village. Each April, the park hosts the Ninety Six Crossroads Event, a living history weekend with black-powder firing demonstrations and ­reenactors camping on site, says park ranger Margo Blewett. While NPS policies prohibit battle re­enactments, the living historians tell the site’s unique history and demonstrate what daily life was like for settlers on the western frontier of South Carolina during the Southern Campaign. The celebration also kicks off a summer season of monthly living history days every third Saturday from May to September. Ninety Six National Historic Site is located at 1103 Highway 248 South in Ninety Six. The park grounds are open dawn to dusk year-round except Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day and New Year’s Day. The Visitor Center is open Wednesday to Sunday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Park gates close at 5 p.m. Visit or call (864) 543-4068 for up-to-date operating hours and information on monthly programs. 

Fa l l   &   W i n t e r TRAV EL G U I D E

The Swamp is Calling

Pristine...Untouched..Wild... 1000-yr.-old Cypress trees and native wildlife abound. Nature Center and gift shop.

$2.00 Off Adult Admission w/coupon. Take I-26 from Columbia to exit 177 or I-26W from Charleston to exit 187. Follow “BEIDLER FOREST” signs. 336 Sanctuary Road Harleyville, SC 29448

843-462-2150   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


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SAVOR THE SEASONS inUpcountry South Carolina












For the serious collector or picky gift-giver, authentic Southern art is now available at two Spartanburg locations… Carolina Foothills Artisan Centers in Chesnee and Landrum. In these storefront galleries, you’ll find only handmade, highly creative, and locally made fine arts and crafts, everything from jewelry to pottery, wall hangings to sculptures, walking sticks to blown glass. Visit to browse the collections. You are sure to find that special piece that speaks to your unique personality. Chesnee 124 W. Cherokee St. (864) 461-3050

Landrum 214 Rutherford St. (864) 457-1189


looming Dogwood Trees and Azaleas signal that spring has arrived. In summer, explore 150 area waterfalls, cruise on freshwater lakes, and challenge the rapids of a wild & scenic river. Fall brings a display of breathtaking foliage as you meander the scenic byways. Stay in a cozy mountain cabin in wintertime and hike trails with unobstructed views of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Whenever you choose to visit, know that the Upcountry is perfectly seasoned! | 800.849.4766 | FREE Upcountry Visitors Guide

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SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

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Fa l l   &   W i n t e r TRAV EL G U I D E





1444 Brattonsville Rd. McConnells, SC 29726 803.684.2327 | Project assisted by City of Rock Hill & York County Accommodations Tax Program. Visit SC Welcome Centers for traveler assistance.   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


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Check out our fall events Come experience the charm. Aiken Visitors Center and Train Museum 406 Park Avenue, Aiken


Photo Credit: Larry Gleason VisitAikenSC

Something for everyone at the Top! Discover North Georgia’s mountain jewel, just two hours from Atlanta, Chattanooga and Greenville.

Brasstown Valley Resort, Hiawassee & Young Harris 800.984.1543 30

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

Fa l l   &   W i n t e r TRAV EL G U I D E

2015-2016 Season

August 8/27 A Thousand Horses September 9/2 Tim Scott & Rick Santorum - Town Hall 9/11 The Box Masters 9/13 John Wagner and Friends 9/18 Kansas 9/20 Doug and Bunny Williams 9/22 Mike Huckabee - Presidential Town Hall 9/26 Legendary Tributes 9/27 Charlie Thomas’ Drifters October 10/1 Lisa Loeb 10/2 Ambrosia and Orleans 10/3 Oktoberfest, Downtown Newberry 10/4 Abbey Simon, Pianist 10/8 An Evening with Guy Penrod, Gospel 10/11 Steve Tyrell 10/13 Rusted Root & Dirty Dozen Brass Band 10/14 Ghost Hunters Live 10/16 Vienna Boys Choir 10/18 Don Williams 10/19 No Fear For Freedom, The Friendship Nine 10/22 Josh Turner 10/30 National Dance Company of Siberia November 11/1 NOH Bowen's Island Oyster Roast 11/5 David Cullen, Author 11/6 Balsam Range - Bluegrass 11/7 The Vogues 11/8 Sirena Huang, Violinist 11/10 Hamlet, Warehouse Theatrer 11/11 Vet’s With a Mission, Movie 11/13 Flashdance, The Musical 11/15 The Four Freshmen 11/18 Steve Watson, Jazz 11/20 Main Street Lights, Downtown Newberry 11/20 Carl Palmer’s Emerson Lake & Palmer Legacy 11/21 Gene Watson December 12/1 Ozark Jubilee, with Doofus Doolittle 12/4 Palmetto Mastersingers 12/5 Raleigh RingersThe Charlie Daniels Band 12/8 Three Irish Tenors, Christmas from Dublin 12/9 The Embers 12/12 Harley Toy Run 12/12 208th Army Band 12/13 Christmas with The Lettermen 12/17 A Christmas Carol 12/19 Ronnie McDowell and Friends Country Christmas 12/31 New Year’s Eve, Masquerade Ball January 1/3 Dailey and Vincent 1/12 Magician Ran’D Shine 1/15 Edwin McCain 1/22 Junior Brown 1/23 Night Fever, Bee Gees Tribute 1/24 The Glenn Miller Orchestra 1/26 Madama Butterfly, Opera 1/27 Arlo Guthrie February 2/4 The Stylistics 2/6 Delbert McClinton 2/6 Chili Cook Off, Downtown Newberry 2/8 Saturday Night Fever, Musical 2/12 Tanya Tucker 2/14 Boy Meets Girl 2/16 Yamato, Japanese Drummers 2/18 Driving Miss Daisy 2/20 Travis Tritt 2/21 Mountain Heart 2/25 The Bellamy Brothers 2/26 Blood Sweat and Tears 2/27 James Gregory, Funniest Man in America 2/28 Clint Black March 3/2 Carmen, Russian Festival Ballet 3/6 Jerusalem Symphony 3/7 Creole Carnival-GlobalFEST 3/9 Los Lonely Boys 3/10 The Hit Men 3/11 Irish Fling - Downtown Newberry 3/12 Robert Osborne and The Movies 3/16 Young Irelanders 3/18-19 Always Patsy Cline, Newberry Com. Players April 4/1 BROADWAY: The Big Band Years 4/2 The Oak Ridge Boys 4/5 Men are for Mars, Women are from Venus 4/7 Pawel Checinski, Pianist 4/9 Del McCoury Band 4/10 Doug and Bunny Williams 4/14 Close To You, The Music of The Carpenters 4/16 Pork in The Park, Downtown Newberry 4/19 Live From Nashville 4/25 Opera Scenes, Newberry College Production And Much More!

803-276-6264   | September 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Fa l l   &   W i n t e r TRAV EL G U I D E

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jj Culture & Heritage Museums, Historic Brattonsville jj Discover Upcountry Tourism jj Eastern S.C. Heritage Region jj Euphoria – Greenville, S.C. jj Historic Bluffton Arts & Seafood Festival jj Louise C. Proctor Hall – The Haunted Legends Tour of Camden jj Lowcountry Tourism

jj McCormick Gold Rush Festival jj Newberry Opera House jj Old Town Bluffton Oktoberfest jj Pendleton District HRT Commission jj Santee Cooper Country jj SCDA Plant & Flower Festivals jj Towns County Tourism, Ga. jj Walhalla Oktoberfest jj South Carolina Living magazine

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Calendar  of Events Go to for more information and for guidelines on submitting your event. Please confirm information before attending events.



17 • “Clay Different Ways: Fired for Flowers,” ARTS Center of Clemson, Clemson. (864) 633-5051. 17–20 • Euphoria, downtown, Greenville. (864) 233-5663. 18–20 • Greek Festival, Civic Center, Anderson. (864) 260-4800. 18–20 • Indie Craft Parade, Huguenot Mill at Peace Center, Greenville. (864) 679-9217. 18–20 • Southern Home & Garden Show, TD Convention Center, Greenville. (864) 254-0133. 19 • Gold Rush Festival, downtown, McCormick. (864) 852-2835. 19 • South Carolina Olde Time Fiddling Championship, Hagood Mill Historic Site & Folklife Center, Pickens. (864) 898-2936. 19 • South Greenville Fair Tractor & Engine Show, Simpsonville City Park, Simpsonville. (864) 430-1412. 19 • Upstate Forever’s Fourth Annual Preservation Ride, Strawberry Hill USA, Chesnee. (864) 327-0090. 19–20 • 7th Royal Fusiliers Encampment, Kings Mountain National Historic Site, Blacksburg. (864) 936-7921. 19–20 • Farm Fresh Fair, Farm at Rabon Creek, Fountain Inn. (864) 214-6709. 25–26 • “20x20” and “Clay Different Ways” exhibit and sale, ARTS Center of Clemson, Clemson. (864) 633-5051. 25–26 • AutumnFest at the Market, Greenville State Farmers Market, Greenville. (864) 244-4023. 25–26 • BBQ Cook-off, Mauldin Cultural Center, Mauldin. (864) 335-4864. 26 • Due West Fall Festival, Robinson Intramural Field, Due West. (864) 379-2385. 26 • Harvest Day Festival, downtown, Inman. (864) 472-3654. 26 • Hub City Empty Bowls Soup Day, Chapman Cultural Center, Greenville. (864) 621-2768. 29 • Southeast Crab Feast, Southside Park, Greenville. (980) 202-1142. 29–Oct. 4 • South Carolina Foothills Heritage Fair, 178 Hayfield Road, Westminster. (864) 873-8369. OCTOBER

1 • Signature Chefs Auction, Marriott at Renaissance Park, Spartanburg. (864) 551-2646. 1–3 • Albino Skunk Music Festival, 4063 Jordan Road, Greer. (864) 233-8430.


2 • Historic Firearms Show, Walnut Grove Plantation, Roebuck. (864) 596-3501. 2–3 • Squealin’ on the Square, downtown, Laurens. (864) 984-2119. 2–4 • Symphony Tour of Homes, North Main area, Greenville. (864) 370-0965. 2–7 • Upstate Revolutionary War Weekend, multiple locations, Gaffney area. (864) 596-3501. 3 • Aunt Het Fall Festival, downtown, Fountain Inn. (864) 862-2586. 3 • Chili Cook Off, Trailblazer Park, Travelers Rest. (864) 708-0888. 3 • Foraging, Cooking and Preserving Wild Mushrooms, Hagood Mill Historic Site & Folklife Center, Pickens. (864) 898-2936. 3 • Greer Station Oktoberfest, downtown, Greer. (864) 877-3131. 3 • Historical Halloween Treats, Hagood Mill Historic Site & Folklife Center, Pickens. (864) 898-2936. 3 • Standpipe Heritage and Arts Festival, downtown, Belton. (864) 338-7773. 3–4 • Battle of Kings Mountain Anniversary Encampment, Kings Mountain National Historic Site, Blacksburg. (864) 936-7921. 3–4 • Festifall, Walnut Grove Plantation, Roebuck. (864) 596-3501. 4 • Spirits of Independence Tour, Cherokee County History and Art Museum, Gaffney. (864) 489-3988. 7 • Battle of Kings Mountain Anniversary Commemoration, Kings Mountain National Historic Site, Blacksburg. (864) 936-7921. 9–11 • Balloons Over Anderson, Anderson Sports & Entertainment Center, Anderson. (864) 221-0552. 9–11 • St. Francis Fall for Greenville, downtown Main Street, Greenville. (864) 467-2697. 10 • Autumn Candlelight Tour, Ninety Six National Historic Site, Ninety Six. (864) 543-4068. 12–18 • Piedmont Interstate Fair, 575 Fairgrounds Road, Spartanburg. (864) 582-7042. 15 • Oktoberfest, 200 Oregon Ave., Greenwood. (864) 942-8448. ONGOING

Tuesdays through Sundays, through Sept. 17 • “Pot Boiler,” Spartanburg Art Museum, Spartanburg. (864) 582-7616. Tuesdays through Sundays, through Nov. 1 • “Spartanburg’s Music History,” Spartanburg Regional History Museum, Spartanburg. (864) 596-3501.


18 • Catawba Archaeology of the Late 18th Century, USCLancaster Native American Studies Center, Lancaster. (803) 313-7063. 18–20 • Midlands Plant & Flower Festival, S.C. State Farmers Market, West Columbia. (803) 734-2210. 19 • Fall Festival & Pickin’ Party, S.C. State Museum, Columbia. (803) 898-4952. 19 • “Time and Place: The Artwork of James Fowler Cooper” opening, S.C. State Museum, Columbia. (803) 898-4921. 19 • Worldwide Day of Play, Main Street Children’s Museum, Rock Hill. (803) 327-6400. 22–24 • Columbia Small Plate Crawl, multiple locations, Columbia. (864) 320-3002. 25 • Shiny Pines Band at Finally Friday, Lancaster City Hall, Lancaster. (803) 289-1498. 25 • ZOOfari, Riverbanks Zoo and Garden, Columbia. (803) 779-8717. 25–26 • Okra Strut Festival, Community Park, Irmo. (803) 781-7050. 25–27 • Raylrode Daze Festivul, downtown, Branchville. (803) 274-8831. 25–27 • Stand Up Paddleboard Classic, Lake Murray, Columbia. (706) 550-2484. 26 • CSRA Game Day, Riverview Park, North Augusta. (762) 233-1201. 26 • Dog Gone Good Time Festival, Walter Elisha Park, Fort Mill. (704) 287-6475. 26 • Edgefield Heritage Jubilee, downtown, Edgefield. (803) 637-1800. 26 • Food Preservation and Storage for Winter, Kings Mountain State Park, Blacksburg. (803) 222-3209. 26 • “Julius Caesar: Roman Military, Might and Machines” opening, S.C. State Museum, Columbia. (803) 898-4921. 26–27 • National Alpaca Farm Days, Carolina Pride Pastures, Pomaria. (803) 480-3750. 26–27 • South Carolina Big Bass Classic, Dreher Island State Park, Prosperity. (803) 364-4152. 29–Oct. 4 • Sumter County Fair, fairgrounds, Sumter. (803) 775-5200. OCTOBER

1 • Wine & Waltzes Beach Bash Gala, River Center at Saluda Shoals Park, Columbia. (803) 400-3540. 2 • Barbecue, Blues & Jazz, Historic Harriet Barber House, Hopkins. (803) 261-5596.

2 • Helicopter Golf Ball Drop, Members Club at Woodcreek and Wildwoode, Elgin. (803) 254-0118. 2–3 • Jamil Shriners BBQ Cookoff, Jamil Temple, Columbia. (803) 772-9380. 2–4 • Fall Pee Dee Plant & Flower Festival, Pee Dee State Farmers Market, Florence. (803) 734-2210. 3 • Italian Festival and Bocce Tournament, Robert Mills House, Columbia. (803) 413-7124. 3 • Oktoberfest, The Alley, downtown Aiken. (803) 649-2221. 3 • Oktoberfest, downtown, Newberry. (803) 321-1015. 3 • Sassafras Festival, Sassafras Park, Burnettown. (803) 593-2676. 3 • SwampFest at the Congaree, Congaree National Park and Old Mount Moriah Church Yard, Hopkins. (803) 261-5596. 7 • Under the Stars Jumper Night, Stable View Farm, Aiken. (484) 356-3173. 7–10 • U.S. Disc Golf Championship, Winthrop University Gold Course, Rock Hill. (704) 724-1352. 9 • The Time Jumpers, USCLancaster Bundy Auditorium, Lancaster. (803) 289-1486. 10 • Arts & Antiques Festival, downtown, Elloree. (803) 897-2277. 10 • Lee County Cotton Festival, downtown, Bishopville. (803) 483-2800. 11–18 • Rock Hill Rocks Open, Rock Hill Tennis Center, Rock Hill. (803) 326-3842. 14–25 • South Carolina State Fair, State Fairgrounds, Columbia. (803) 799-3387. 15–18 and 22–25 • “Agnes of God,” Sumter Little Theatre, Sumter. (803) 775-2150. ONGOING

12th day of month • 12-Cent Kids’ Day, EdVenture Children’s Museum, Columbia. (803) 779-3100. Tuesdays through Oct. 20 • Clover Farmer’s Market, Clover Community Center, Clover. (803) 222-9495. Tuesdays through Sundays, through Sept. 27 • “Wolves and Wild Lands,” Museum of York County, Rock Hill. (803) 329-2121. Second and last Tuesdays, through Jan. 26 • Carolina Makers Music Nights, S.C. State Museum, Columbia. (803) 898-4921. Third Fridays through Sept. 18 • Food Truck Fridays, Fountain Park, Old Town Rock Hill. (803) 329-8756. Weekends, Sept. 26–Nov. 11 • Corn Maze, Pim Farms, Darlington. (803) 983-9073.

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |


17–20 • South Carolina Tobacco Festival, downtown, Lake City. (843) 374-8611. 18 • “Last Will & Testament” dinner theater, Charleston Area Convention Center, North Charleston. (843) 740-5847. 18–27 • SOS Fall Migration, multiple locations, North Myrtle Beach. (803) 366-5506. 19 • Beach Sweep, Myrtle Beach State Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 238-0874. 19 • Crady’s Mac ’n’ Cheese Bake-Off, intersection at Fourth and Main streets, Conway. (843) 248-3321. 19 • Harvest Hoe-Down Festival, Town Park, Aynor. (843) 358-1074. 19 • Italian Heritage Festival, Coastal Discovery Center at Historic Honey Horn, Hilton Head Island. (412) 897-1148. 19 • Jewel City Jubilee, Main Street, Ruby. (843) 634-5536. 20 • Carolina Green Fair, James Island County Park, Charleston. (843) 795-4386. 24–Oct. 4 • Moja Arts Festival, multiple locations, Charleston. (843) 724-7305. 25–26 • Cypress Festival, downtown, Pamplico. (843) 687-3349. 25–26 • Seaside Palette en Plein Air, historic district, Georgetown. (843) 626-8911. 25–27 • Atalaya Arts & Crafts Festival, Huntington Beach State Park, Murrells Inlet. (843) 235-8755. 25–27 • Taste of Charleston, multiple locations, Charleston area. (843) 577-4030. 25–27 • American Heritage Festival, Graham’s Historic Farm, Lake City. (843) 374-1500. 25–Oct. 17 • Pawleys Island Festival of Music and Art, multiple locations, Pawleys Island area. (843) 626-8911. 26 • Irish Italian International Festival, Main Street, North Myrtle Beach. (843) 280-5570. 26 • “Wildlife in Horry and Georgetown Counties,” Horry County Museum, 805 Main St., Conway. (843) 915-5320. 26–27 • Seacoast Artists Guild Fall Arts & Crafts Festival, Valor Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 232-7009. OCTOBER

1–3 • Gopher Hill Festival, downtown, Ridgeland. (843) 258-4008. 1–25 • Fall Tours of Homes and Gardens, historic district, Charleston. (800) 514-3849.

2–3 • Smoke on the Beach, Sea Mist Oceanfront Resort, Myrtle Beach. (843) 971-0131. 2–3 • Oktoberfest, Valor Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 712-2618. 2–3 • Shrimp Festival, Bay Street, Beaufort. (843) 525-6644. 3 • Britfest, The Market Common, Myrtle Beach. (843) 651-7644. 3 • California Roots: The Carolina Sessions, downtown oceanfront, Myrtle Beach. (843) 626-7444. 3 • Cast Off Fishing Tournament, Mount Pleasant Pier, Mount Pleasant. (843) 762-9946. 4 • Latin American Festival, Wannamaker County Park, North Charleston. (843) 795-4386. 6 • Taste of the Town, Myrtle Beach Area Convention Center, Myrtle Beach. (843) 448-5930. 10 • BaconFest, House of Blues, North Myrtle Beach. (843) 651-7869. 10 • Bridge2Bridge Run, Front Street, Georgetown. (843) 240-3451. 10 • “Remember Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941” film screening, Horry County Museum, 805 Main St., Conway. (843) 915-5320. 10–11 • Art in the Park, Chapin Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 446-3830. 10–11 • Little River Shrimpfest, historic waterfront, Little River. (843) 249-6604. 10–11 • Oceanfront Merchants Association Oktoberfest, downtown, Myrtle Beach. (843) 626-7444. 11 • Grand Strand Buddy Walk, Grand Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 424-4761. 11–18 • Arts & Seafood Festival, historic district, Bluffton. (843) 757-2583. ONGOING

Daily through September • “Life, History and Roots of the Lowcountry: Paintings by Pat Puckett,” Waccamaw Neck Branch Library, Pawleys Island. (843) 545-3623. Daily through Nov. 1 • National Sculpture Society Awards Exhibition, Brookgreen Gardens, Murrells Inlet. (843) 235-6000. Tuesdays through Sundays, through Sept. 20 • “Norman Rockwell’s Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn,” S.B. ChapinF.B. Burroughs Art Museum, Myrtle Beach. (843) 238-2510. Fourth Thursdays through October • Carolina Dreamers Car Club Cruise-In, Shelter Cove Towne Centre, Hilton Head Island. (843) 757-3019. Weekends in October • Myrtle Maze and Pumpkin Patch, Legare Farms, Johns Island. (843) 559-0788.


By Jan A. Igoe

Fly the formerly friendly skies Everyone loves taking a vacation —

the thrill of escaping keyboards and cubicles to explore new places. I’d love vacations, too, if it weren’t for the luggage. Selective suitcase stuffing is not a talent I possess. To spend the day at a nudist colony, I’d still need six bags. Last month, I headed to the great Northwest on the cheapest flight I could find. Cheap means you may have to flap your arms to conserve fuel. That’s fine, but there’s a 40-pound weight limit on stuff you can’t live without. That’s not fine. Go one ounce over and you’re out another $25. My lifelong ambition is to zip up a suitcase containing only 39.999 pounds of personal cargo. Like always, I failed miserably, but I was ready for every climatic and social contingency. It might be hot out there. Then again, it might snow. Maybe I’d need a sundress and flipflops or a down parka and thermals. I couldn’t risk waking up in an orangepolka-dot mood to find I’d only packed purple stripes, so I brought everything. And footwear has to match. One can’t inflict hiking boots, sandals or tennis shoes that clash on the unsuspecting Northwest. (I didn’t want them thinking badly of South Carolinians.) Of course, the airline nailed me for the extra bucks at check-in. And I was OK with that until I met Wendy, who was hauling the world’s bulkiest baggage through security. “How’s my carry-on supposed to fit through that little X-ray thingy?” she scowled. 38

“I’m not sure that steamer trunk is a carry-on,” I said meekly. Wendy insisted it was, because— get this—she bought her ticket online, which somehow entitled her to bring an elephant onboard if she felt like it. Her ensuing battle with the security

folks took about 20 minutes, much to the delight of every shoeless, weary person waiting behind her. Wendy is probably the reason we rarely see airline ads anymore. They hate the passengers. It’s understandable. We’re needy. We can’t figure out what zone we’re in and pace around restricted areas waiting for the potty because we can’t see the microscopic “occupied” sign from 12 rows back. We interrupt the flight crew’s coffee breaks and don’t want to turn off our cell phones just because texting might make the plane crash. Our flight crew’s attitude reflected

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   September 2015  |

the times. Gone are the innocent, c­ alorie-deprived prom queens who used to patrol the aisles. Today, we have battle-hardened, saber-toothed Vikings who have logged too many frequent-flyer miles to put up with our nonsense. The preflight briefings have been downsized accordingly. “Listen up. You people flying with us today are in luck,” a voice booms. “If you don’t like the service, this plane has eight exits. Pick one.” So much for the “emergency landing” instructions, which were immediately overshadowed by a more urgent warning: “And don’t let me catch you sleeping on my tray tables. They’re for the dinners we used to serve. Do not make me come smack you upside the back of your head.” The threat sounded like it was coming from an angry mama wielding a large wooden paddle, so everybody complied. That’s everybody but Wendy, who was reclining comfortably across three tray tables. Before we’d even left the gate, she’d alienated most of the passengers and all of the crew. Careful, Wendy. This plane has eight exits. And the flight attendants seem eager to show you where they are.  Jan A. Igoe continues to marvel at people who explore the world with a single backpack that can’t possibly hold more than one pair of heels. Share your travel tips with her at HumorMe@

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South Carolina Living September 2015  

South Carolina Living September 2015

South Carolina Living September 2015  

South Carolina Living September 2015