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April 2014



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April 2014

Children in the Ludlow mining camp are remembered as part of an exhibit commemorating the miners’ strike and the massacre that followed at the El Pueblo History Museum in Pueblo. Photos courtesy of the museum.




4 Viewpoint

16 Remembering Ludlow

22 Gardening

5 Letters 6 Calendar 7 Co-op News 12 NewsClips 14 Energy Storage Research

20 Recipes History Center chef shares

24 Outdoors

Electric co-ops come together to restore power after tyhoon

This April marks 100 years since 19 people died at the Ludlow miners camp

recipes inspired by Colorado’s past

Sharing the garden with your pet using dog-friendly designs Only memories are left along some Colorado streams after the 2013 flood

25 Energy Tips

Tight doors can weatherproof your home against drafts, high energy bills

29 Funny Stories 30 Discoveries

Better battery technology could enhance electricity reliability



the decade of the Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties


The official publication of the Colorado Rural Electric Association || Volume 45, Number 04

$3.4 billion

the amount that power supply companies have invested in the last decade to reduce emissions


square footage of the Destination Colorado exhibit at the History Colorado Center

COMMUNICATIONS STAFF: Mona Neeley, CCC, Publisher/Editor@303-455-4111; Donna Wallin, Associate Editor; • Amy Higgins, Editorial Assistant/Writer; ADVERTISING: Kris Wendtland@303-902-7276,; NCM@800-626-1181 OFFICERS: Bill Midcap [Fort Morgan] President; Don Kaufman [Sangre de Cristo] Vice President; Jack Schneider [Poudre Valley] Secretary; Jim Luek [Highline] Treasurer; Kent Singer [CREA] Executive Director BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Bill Patterson [Delta-Montrose]; John Porter [Empire]; Don McClaskey, Tom Walch [Grand Valley]; John Vader [Gunnison]; Jim Lueck [Highline]; Megan Gilman [Holy Cross]; Dan Mills, Tim Power [K.C.]; Jeff Berman [La Plata]; Stan Cazier [Mountain Parks]; Donna Andersen-Van Ness [Mountain View]; Debbie Rose [San Isabel]; Eleanor Valdez [San Luis Valley]; Dave Alexander, Kevin Ritter [San Miguel]; Randy Phillips [Southeast]; Ginny Buczek [United Power];

EDITORIAL: Denver Corporate Office, 5400 Washington Street, Denver, CO 80216; Phone: 303-455-4111 • Email: • Website: • Facebook: • Twitter: @COCountryLife Colorado Country Life (USPS 469-400/ISSN 1090-2503) is published monthly for $9/$15 per year by Colorado Rural Electric Association, 5400 N. Washington Street, Denver, CO 80216. Periodical postage paid at Denver, Colorado. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Colorado Country Life, 5400 N. Washington Street, Denver, CO 80216 Publication of an advertisement in Colorado Country Life does not imply endorsement by any Colorado rural electric cooperative or the Colorado Rural Electric Association. Editorial opinions published in Colorado Country Life magazine shall pertain to issues affecting rural electric cooperatives, rural communities and citizens. The opinion of CREA is not necessarily that of any particular cooperative or individual.


International Co-op Spirit

Electric co-ops come together to restore power in the Philippines after typhoon BY KENT SINGER || CREA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR || KSINGER@COLORADOREA.ORG


On November 10, 2013, a 300-mile wide typhoon packing homes, but their families.” winds of 190 miles per hour tore through parts of the PhilipSince November, with the help from other electric copine islands, leaving in its wake an indescribable scene of ops throughout the Philippines, the damaged co-ops have death and destruction. Thousands of Filipinos were killed in restored power to more than 2,200 of the 5,400 villages the storm and hundreds of villages were completely leveled, impacted by the storm. Clearly, however, there is much including the facilities owned and operated by the local elecmore work to be done. After his visit to the area in February, tric cooperatives that serve those villages. Guidry compared the impacts of Typhoon Haiyan to hurriThe villages impacted by Typhoon Haiyan receive electric canes that have hit the United States: “As a co-op manager in service from electric cooperatives in part due to the efforts of NRECA International, a division of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association that partners with developing nations to provide electricity to communities in need around the world. NRECA International assists in the development of low-cost rural electric systems, and it has established more than 250 co-ops in 40 countries that now serve If you are interested in more than 110 million people. contributing to the recovery At last month’s NRECA annual efforts in the Philippines, meeting in Nashville, Tennessee, the please visit: director of the Philippines’ National philippines-typhoon-relief. Electrification Administration, Edita S. Bueno, spoke about the impact of Typhoon Haiyan. She said that in the areas served by 33 Louisiana, I oversaw restoration after Hurricanes Gustav and electric co-ops, 1.3 million homes were damaged and 120,000 Ike, but I never saw anything like the total devastation I’ve were completely destroyed. According to Dan Waddle, seen here. The destruction is degrees of magnitude greater … NRECA’s senior vice president in charge of the international the reconstruction challenge is simply overwhelming.” program, nine of the co-ops impacted lost 95-100 percent of The partnership between the United States and the Philiptheir distribution systems. pines in developing rural electrification goes back to 1966 and Shortly after the typhoon hit, NRECA International sent an the Kennedy administration, and today 119 electric co-ops assessment team to the Philippines to evaluate how NRECA serve the rural areas of the Philippines. The electric co-op could help. NRECA representatives met with local co-op business model and culture have been a tremendous success leaders to develop a strategic plan to address the tragedy. A re- in the Philippines as evidenced by the fact that more than lief fund was established, and technical support was provided 1,000 lineworkers from co-ops across the Philippines came to to assist in the recovery. the aid of the people most impacted by Typhoon Haiyan. Former NRECA Board Chairman Mike Guidry, a retired The Filipino people are resilient and will overcome this co-op manager from Louisiana, spoke at the NRECA Internatural disaster. However, they could use more help. Just as national lunch during the annual meeting and he poignantly co-ops in the U.S. come to the aid of their neighbors, we can put the tragedy in the Philippines in perspective. He recalled come to the aid of this international co-op neighbor that seeing an apparently homeless little girl as he visited one needs a hand up. If you are interested in contributing to the of the areas devastated by the typhoon. She was touching a recovery efforts in the Philippines, please visit makeshift grave marker that indicated where family members philippines-typhoon-relief. who were victims of the typhoon had been buried. “I think there are a lot of children out there who have lost everything,” Kent Singer, Executive Director Guidry said. “And when I say everything, it’s not just their Learn more about NRECA International Programs by scanning this page or go to 4 April 2014

[letters] Westernaires Fans Thank you for featuring the Westernaires (January ’14); it is a very nice article. Both of my daughters have graduated from the varsity Big Red Team and will always cherish their years riding with the organization.

Debbie Koop, via Facebook

I recently read the article about the Westernaires and wanted you to know that I appreciated this fine article. I very much agree with Ronald Reagan’s quote: “I’ve often said there’s nothing better for the inside of a man than the outside of a horse.” The article was informative and … for me it brought back childhood memories of the first time I saw the Westernaires at the (National Western) Stock Show. What a great thing it would be for our great nation to have more organizations like this in more of our cities.

Judy Golding, Mountain View Electric Association member

Picturing Energy I just got your magazine and I really liked it. It is one of the best looking and most colorful magazines I receive. It also has Funny Stories and my wife looks forward to that. My main interest is in the educational articles where I can learn some objective lesson. I was happy to see a factual comparison of the different energy plants (January 2014, pg.13). I was looking for this kind of information. As they say, one picture is worth a thousand words.

Americus Kalmar, Westminster

Looking for More Content I’m disappointed I can’t enter your contests because I don’t have a smartphone — they don’t work where we live in rural Colorado. I feel you are not doing your membership justice by not giving standard web addresses for your extra content.

Ann Holmes, Oak Creek

EDITOR’S NOTE: We agree and are working to make more of this extra content available through our website. Visit www.colorado and check the articles for additional links. Got a comment? Send your letter to the editor by mail to Colorado Country Life, 5400 Washington St., Denver, CO 80216 or email April 2014 5


[April] Through April 13 Craig Greater Sage Grouse Viewing Tours Various Craig Locations

April 12 Fort Lupton Underwater Easter Egg Hunt Community Center 3-4:30 pm z 303-857-4200 April 12 Grand Junction Fly Fishing Expo DoubleTree Hotel 9 am-4 pm z 970-210-7941

April 8-13 Aspen Aspen Shortsfest Wheeler Opera House 970-920-5770 z

April 13 Pueblo Wayne Brady Performance Pueblo Memorial Hall 7:30 pm z 866-722-8844

April 11-12 Burlington Gun and Coin Show 340 S 14th St. 719-346-7623

April 19 Kremmling Annual Easter Egg Hunt Cliffview Assisted Living Center 10 am z 970-724-3472

April 11-13 Durango Bluegrass Meltdown Various Durango Locations 970-335-9771 z durango April 11-12 Grand Junction Colorado Mesa University Rodeo Mesa County Fairgrounds Grandstands Arena 970-260-3851 z mesacounty. us/fairgrounds April 11-13 Greenwood Village Pinball Showdown and Gameroom Expo Sheraton Denver Tech Center 303-938-9889 z pinballshow April 11-12 Palisade Honeybee Festival Various Palisade Locations 970-464-5777 z palisadehoney April 11-12 Pueblo “Incorruptible” Theater Performance Impossible Playhouse 719-542-6969 z April 12 Denver Mountain Tomatoes Class Denver Botanic Gardens 9-11:30 am z 720-865-3500 6 April 2014

April 24-26 Pagosa Springs Recycled Arts Show 755 San Juan St 970-264-6960 z habitat April 25-27 Eagle Home and Recreation Expo Eagle River Center at the Eagle Fairgrounds 970-485-1811 z always April 25 Fruita Pieces in Fruita Time: Hidden Stories in Friendship Quilts 210 E Aspen Ave 6 pm z 970-858-3894

April 19-20 All National Parks Free Entrance Days feefreeparks.htm

April 26-27 Grand Junction Barrel Into Spring Wine Tasting Various Grand Junction Locations 970-241-3155 z grand

April 24-27 Boulder Side by Side by Sondheim Imig Music Building 303-492-8008 z

April 26 Ignacio Cattlemen’s Banquet & Ball Sky Ute Casino Resort 6 pm z 970-247-2816

April 24-27 Durango Durango Wine Experience Downtown Durango 970-779-0031 z durango

April 26-27 Pueblo “Bonnie and Clyde” the Musical Damon Runyon Repertory Theater 719-564-0579 z runyon

April 24-27 Estes Park Horror Film Festival Stanley Hotel 970-577-4111 z stanley April 24-27 Fruita Fat Tire Festival Various Fruita Locations 970-858-7220 z fruita April 24-26 Greeley Jazz Festival Union Colony Civic Center 970-356-5000 z arts.unco. edu/music/jazz_festival

April 27-28 Boulder Takács Quartet on Stage Grusin Music Hall 303-492-8008 z

April 27 Pueblo “Memphis” on Stage Pueblo Memorial Hall 3 pm z 719-295-7222

[May] May 1-4 Cañon City Music & Blossom Festival Various Cañon City Locations 719-239-1743 z ccblossom May 1 Durango First Thursdays Art Walk Downtown Durango 970-259-2606 z durango May 3 Burlington Home and Garden Show Burlington Community Center 9 am-3 pm z 719-346-8918 May 3-4 Gunnison Blue Mesa Lake Fishing Tournament Elk Creek Marina 970-641-1501 z gunnison May 4 Denver Star Wars at the Hangar Wings Over the Rockies Air & Space Museum 9 am-3 pm z 303-360-5360 ext. 105 May 4 Mancos Mancos Valley Chorus Concert Mancos United Methodist Church 970-533-9165

April 27–May 4 Colorado Springs Craft Week Various Colorado Springs Locations


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Calendar, Colorado Country Life, 5400 N. Washington St., Denver, CO 80216; fax to 303-455-2807; or email calendar@coloradocountrylife. org. Items will be printed on a space available basis. For more information on these and other events, visit




Power outages — they’re no fun, not for our members who are suddenly left in the dark and not for our line crews who respond at all hours of the day and night. But with the intricate web of power lines crisscrossing neighborhoods, open country and all types of uneven terrain, they are a reality of Jim Herron life. Mountain View Electric Association maintains 5,000 square miles. Our lines, both overhead and underground, aren’t immune to all the events that can trigger outages, be it weather, animals, car accidents or even the unavoidable failure of equipment. When an outage occurs, there’s a process all electric utilities go through to safely restore power as quickly as possible. The first step is actually something we need from you, and it is important. I can’t stress enough the need for members to call in if they are experiencing a power outage. Don’t rely on your neighbors. Your calls help us determine the location of the outage and how widespread it is. Always report a power outage by calling one of our local office numbers: 719-495-2283 or 719-775-2861. If it is after normal business hours, you will be directed to our 24-hour dispatch service. Never report outages through email or social media. However, you can “opt in” through MVEA’s Outage Texting. If you have a smartphone, text MVEA to 85700 to enroll (message and data charges may apply). If you have questions regarding MVEA’s Outage Texting, please call Liz Brossman at 719-494-2540. MVEA’s text messaging program is voluntary. The more information callers can provide, the better. Did you see a flash? Is your whole neighborhood out? Did you witness someone hitting a power pole? This type of information makes it much easier for our linemen to pinpoint the area affected and locate the actual problem. It’s an enormous help when a member can

report that a tree across the street fell into a line. Sometimes we have minimal information. In these cases, our crews patrol the lines and equipment serving the area where the outage was reported. They look for downed power lines, check substations and test equipment. Our linemen are familiar with the equipment serving different areas and know where specific switches, junction boxes and transformers are located. But it can be time consuming and frustrating for both us and our members. Considering our vast service territory it can sometimes feel like we are searching for a needle in a haystack. Once the problem is identified, our linemen determine the best way to get the most members back on line. This can mean immediately beginning repair work. But depending on the problem, it can also mean setting up an alternate feed to the area before making repairs or isolating the damaged line and getting a portion of members powered back up. Additionally, underground outages take much longer to repair, requiring locate services and digging just to access a damaged line. This is made even more difficult when the crews have to dig through snow and chip

ice away to access equipment. As you can see, it may not be a quick process, and I’m often amazed at how quickly our crews are able to locate issues and restore power. MVEA also works hard behind the scenes to keep our members informed about power outages. We communicate with local media when possible and post outage information on our website at (Click on the Outage Information link in the green box in the upper left corner.) You can also follow us on Facebook at to receive periodic updates during outages, especially after business hours. With the popularity of cell phones and other smart devices, Facebook has become an increasingly important and accessible way to inform our members. If you haven’t done so, I encourage you to visit our page and like us. You’ll be able to access outage information, as well as news updates, energy-saving tips and photos. I’ll end with a request for a favor. Please help me show appreciation for our linemen and the sacrifices they and their families make to keep the lights on. I’ve seen them in action and understand the challenges they face daily. But I can also understand how rewarding it is to know that the people they’re working for — our members — appreciate what they do. April 2014 7


2015 Photo Calendar Contest

“Spring Sunrise” by Ron Ronco, Black Forest


It’s time for MVEA’s 2015 Photo Calendar Contest. MVEA invites you to send in your photos taken within MVEA’s territory and reflecting the seasons and the people, lifestyle or landscape of the area. The winners will be included in the 2015 calendar. Please read the following guidelines carefully. The deadline for entry is July 1, 2014. If you have questions, please call Sarah Schaefer at 719-494-2670. 1. Only MVEA members, directors, employees and their family members are eligible. 2. Photos will not be accepted without a completed entry form. Cut out the form at right and submit with photo or go online to, click on Community and then Photo Calendar Contest. Duplicate form if necessary. 3. Only two photos per person will be accepted. Submit a separate entry form for EACH photograph. However, both photos may be submitted on one CD. 4. DO NOT WRITE YOUR NAME OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION ON THE PHOTOGRAPH. 5. Digital entries preferred. CDs or disks will be accepted. You may put both entries on one CD or submit by email.. It is not necessary to send enlargements. See note to digital camera users. 6. Photos must have horizontal/landscape orientation. 7. DO NOT SUBMIT ORIGINAL PHOTOGRAPHS. PHOTOS BECOME THE PROPERTY OF MVEA AND WILL NOT BE RETURNED. NO EXCEPTIONS. 8. Deadline: July 1, 2014. Mail to: Mountain View Electric Association, Attn.: Sarah Schaefer, 11140 E. Woodmen Road, Falcon, CO 80831. Or email to Note to digital camera users: Resolution of digital photos printed on home printers is usually too low for commercial printing. Minimum resolution is 300 dpi. 8 April 2014

2015 MVEA Photo Calendar Contest Entry Form Name:_________________________________________________ Address:_______________________________________________ City/State/ZIP:__________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Best Contact Phone:______________________________________ MVEA Account #:________________________________________ Email Address:___________________________________________ Please title your entry. This will appear with your photo if selected:_ ______________________________________________________ Limit 2 entries per person. Send a completed form with each entry. Deadline: July 1, 2014. Photocopy form for additional entries. Mail to: MVEA, Attn.: Sarah Schaefer, 11140 E. Woodmen Road, Falcon, CO 80831. Or submit by email to


2014 Essay Contest Results


Mountain View Electric Association’s third place winner in its annual essay contest is Kerigan Kappel, a junior from Limon High School and son of Dub and Julie Kappel of Limon. Kerrigan is on the Limon High School speech team and is active in sports, participating on the football, basketball and track teams where he has received letters in all three sports. He has also been named all-conference running back in football. He has five straight semesters on the honor roll. In July, Kerigan will travel to Clark, Colorado, just north of Steamboat Springs to attend the Colorado Electric Educational Institute’s Cooperative Youth Leadership Camp. Approximately 100 high school juniors from Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming will meet for a week of leadership and team-building seminars and legislative simulations and help start and run a camp cooperative. But there will also be a lot of social activities during the week including dances, barbecues and volleyball games

and exploring the beautiful Steamboat Springs area. Each fall, MVEA sponsors an essay contest for high school juniors whose parents or guardians receive service from the cooperative. First place is an all-expense paid trip to Washington, D.C., and second and third place winners are invited to the Youth Leadership Camp. Following is Kerigan’s winning essay. Please Kerigan Kappel keep in mind the question asked this year was “What is your opinion of the War on Coal.” We enjoy hearing the opinions of our youth. Thank you to all participants.

Coal, a Cheap Resource to Benefit All BY KERIGAN KAPPEL


finding sustainable energy. Kentucky is by far the largest user The “War on Coal” is a political battle between conservative views and liberal views. One of the biggest questions is wheth- of coal in the United States. They also have the second lowest bill rate in the entire country. (Kentucky Coal Education) er or not the cheap prices of coal are worth the effects caused In my opinion, coal impacts electric cooperatives (such as by their emissions. The environment is important, but I still Mountain View Electric Association) in a very positive way. think that right now coal is the smartest form of energy to Co-ops are companies owned by the people that use them, so use. There are multiple reasons why it is the smartest source everyone should want to have a cheaper of energy, it benefits electric cooperabill. Burning coal provides a cheaper bill tives, and it affects people directly. for everyone. If you have cheaper bills, It is apparent that there are plenty of then more people would be willing to reasons why coal is the smartest source use electricity from co-ops. More jobs of energy currently. First off, coal is can also be made if electric cooperaalmost the cheapest energy usable today. tives don’t have to spend a ton of money Hydropower energy is sometimes slighton electricity. This money saved can be ly cheaper, but it is way too inconsistent used to better technology to make ento ever be a sustainable energy source. ergy transportation more efficient, and The problem is in the summer, when The burning of safer gear can be developed for linemen. you need the most amount of energy Plus, the co-op can hire more people to to air-condition homes, rivers will run coal can be the solution to make work more efficient. I also believe dry trying to carry the work load. In the coal should be used while it’s available. winter, homes need to be heated, but if create more time for this Not using coal would be a waste of a the river is frozen, heating homes would (alternative) energy source perfectly good energy source. be impossible. Secondly, coal is a very I believe that someday a sustainable, stable source of energy. All of the coal to be discovered. alternate energy source will be found, that is needed to power the United States but as of today it is nonexistent. The can be found in the United States, so no burning of coal can be the solution to create more time for foreign imports will have to be used. The coal industry also this energy source to be discovered. There is coal everywhere creates a lot of jobs. Right now, we are in a job crisis, so any in the United States, so it also helps solve our foreign reliance extra jobs should be welcomed. Coal is also not as environfor energy. Coal may not be the long-term solution the United mentally bad as people make it out to be. It is nothing but ancient wood. Coal is mined and burned with little environmen- States is looking for, but it is definitely the smartest choice currently. tal impact. Also, while the United States uses coal, engineers would be given more time to build more efficient ways of April 2014 9


2014 MVEA Board Nominations Now Open


At the Annual Meeting on June 5, 2014, at Calhan High School in Calhan, two directors will be elected to Mountain View Electric Association’s Board of Directors from the following districts: District 2 Simla, Matheson and a portion of the surrounding areas (incumbent Rick L. Gordon) District 7 Monument, Woodmoor and a portion of the surrounding areas (incumbent Donna AndersenVan Ness) Information on the procedure for director elections and member voting is available on MVEA’s website at If you are interested in being a candidate, please contact a member of the nominating committee. The nominating committee members are Allan Moore, District 2, and Edward “Kelly” McGuire, District 7. A candidate must be a MVEA member and reside in the district where there is a vacancy. Before applying, please contact either MVEA office at 719-775-2861 or 719-495-2283 to verify your district. A member may also petition for nomination. Petitions and procedures are available at the Limon Headquarters, 1655 5th St., Limon; or at the Falcon Operations Center, 11140 E. Woodmen Road, Falcon; or online at Petitions must be signed by 15 members of MVEA and returned to either MVEA office by 5:30 p.m., Monday, April 21, 2014. A candidate questionnaire must be completed for either nomination by committee or nomination by petition. This questionnaire can be found on MVEA’s website or you may pick one up at either office. If you have questions, please contact a member of the nominating committee. The candidate questionnaire must be received at either office or by the nominating committee by 5:30 p.m., Monday, April 7, 2014, for the committee’s consideration. If you are petitioning for nomination, the candidate questionnaire must be submitted to either Association office with your petition no later than 5:30 p.m., Monday, April 21, 2014.

Nominating Committee District 2 Allan Moore 13217 County Road 141 Simla, CO 80835 719-541-2180 District 7 Edward “Kelly” McGuire 4810 Abo Lane Monument, CO 80132 719-481-9377

Welcome New Employees

“If you want to be successful, it’s just this simple. Know what you are doing. Love what you are doing. And believe in what you are doing.”

Wendi Dilts, information systems coordinator 10 April 2014

Jerry Griego, apprentice lineman

Jason Long, engineering aide

— Will Rogers April 2014 11


Co-ops Come Together Nationally to Build Hope, Homes at Annual Meeting


As dozens of electric cooperative volunteers buzzed around in the background, Marc Pelfrey was figuring out where he will build a tree house for his son. “I’m very excited,” he said. “I mean, to have a house for your family and watch all these people from everywhere, and their willingness to spend a day to make that happen … it’s a special feeling.” About 120 co-op directors, staffers and family members were part of the Touchstone Energy® Cooperatives Community Service Project, held March 1 in conjunction with the 2014 National Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s annual meeting. They pitched in to support Habitat for Humanity of Williamson County, Tennessee, by putting the finishing touches on Pelfrey’s three-bedroom, one-story home. Pelfrey also will have a next-door neighbor where none existed. Electric co-op volunteers built the frame of a second home from a bare foundation, saving Habitat and local volunteers endless hours of work. The two homes are on electric co-op lines in Fairview, a community of 8,000 about 30 miles west of Nashville. Attendance at the event set a record and for the first time ever, Touchstone Energy had to cap registration. “This is one of the most ambitious projects we’ve undertaken since we started the community service project as part of the annual meeting, and our people responded in a big way,” said Jim Bausell, senior vice president of communications at NRECA. Billy Whipple, volunteer coordinator for Habitat for Humanity of

Electric co-op directors, managers and employee volunteers from across the country spend the Saturday before the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s Nashville annual meeting working on two Habitat for Humanity homes in rural Tennessee. Their efforts put Habitat ahead of schedule for 2014.

Williamson County, said his nonprofit office is accustomed to 30 volunteers per house. The sheer number of helping hands enabled the nonprofit to start work on the second house seven months earlier than planned, on a tract it has held for just such a purpose. He was grateful for the assistance, as is Pelfrey, who worked alongside the co-op volunteers. He and his family are thrilled to be preparing to move in during the first part of April. “This is life changing,” he said of his new home. — Steven Johnson, Watch a video of this build at

U.S. Co-ops Offer Help to Devastated Philippine Co-ops


Portions of the Philippines were destroyed when Typhoon Haiyan hit last November. During that storm, 33 electric co-ops on the island nation sustained significant damage and 11 were nearly destroyed. The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association International program, which has been working with electric co-ops in the Philippines since 1966, immediately stepped up to assist the 1,000 Filipino linemen who left their local co-ops to help rebuild and restore power in the devastated areas. The Philippines Typhoon Relief Campaign was also established — and in mid-February representatives of U.S. electric co-ops presented a check for $120,000 to their Filipino counterparts. Major donors to the fund included Colorado’s CoBank in Denver and La Plata Electric Association in Durango.

Donations are still being accepted at philippines-typhoon-relief. 12 April 2014


CREA EnergyWise ADDS Energy Audits


Pilot energy efficiency projects in rural Colorado are in the works, thanks to a partnership between the Colorado Rural Electric Association’s EnergyWise Project and a group of other entities. Together they are funding and implementing energy efficiency programs on dairies and farms with center pivot irrigation systems in northeastern Colorado. Working with EnergyWise are the Colorado Energy Office, Western Dairy Association, Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, Highline Electric Association in Holyoke, Morgan County Rural Electric Association in Fort Morgan, United Power in Brighton, Poudre Valley Rural Electric Association in Fort Collins, Colorado Corn Growers, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Colorado Department of Agriculture. CEO has awarded a contract to EnSave, a specialist in farm audits, to implement the pilot project. The partners have selected five irrigation farms and seven dairy farms to receive free energy efficiency audits by EnSave. These audits began in March. From those 12 nominees, two dairies and two irrigation farms will be selected to receive energy efficiency upgrades by June 30. CEO, USDA and the Colorado Department of Agriculture will fund $25,000 per farm for new energy efficiency equipment. The four Colorado electric cooperatives will work with the farm owners and EnSave to ensure the equipment is installed properly and verify energy savings. The pilot is expected to produce significant savings for these operations. Once the results have been verified, EnergyWise will work with CEO, USDA and other CREA member co-ops to expand the program statewide and into other parts of the rural business community.

Electric Utility Differences 50 40 30 20 10 0

48 34

7.4 Municipal Utilities

Investor-Owned Utilities

Electric Cooperatives

Three types of electric utilities provide electricity in Colorado. If you are reading this magazine, you probably get your electricity from an electric co-op. If you live in Denver or other high-population areas of the state, you probably get your electricity from an investor-owned utility such as Xcel Energy. And many people who live in smaller cities get their power from the city-owned, municipal power supplier. The municipal utilities average 48 meters per mile of line; investor-owned utilities average 34 meters per mile; and electric co-ops average 7.4 meters per mile of line. Fewer meters per mile of line means less money to maintain a system that includes more than 77,000 miles of power lines throughout Colorado.




Young people, representing tomorrow’s leaders, played an integral role in last month’s National Rural Electric Cooperative Association annual meeting. The red-shirted members of the Youth Leadership Council were on hand during the meeting in Nashville, Tennessee, to meet with annual meeting attendees and help them contact their members of Congress regarding electric coop issues. Representing Colorado was high school senior Ginny Creager sponsored by United Power, an electric co-op headquartered in Brighton. Ginny was first selected as one of 28 young people from Colorado to attend the June Washington, D.C., Youth Tour along with more than 1,500 students sponsored by the electric co-ops across the country. Ginny was then elected by her Colorado peers to the Youth Leadership Council.

As late as the mid-1930s, nine out of 10 rural homes were without electric service. Farmers milked their cows by the dim light of the kerosene lantern, and the wife was a slave to the wood range and washboard. The unavailability of electricity in rural areas kept those local economies dependent on agriculture. It was not until 1935 that things began to change for rural America. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the act creating the Rural Electrification Administration and making possible the formation of today’s electric cooperatives. As we look back at co-op history, Colorado’s electric co-ops continue to thrive on the courage, commitment and dedication of all the individuals who built the system that exists today. People don’t often think about their electricity, but dependable electricity for their lifestyle is something that can now be counted on every day. That’s comforting, because electricity is essential to energizing our lives and keeping us connected. And Colorado’s electric co-ops want it to stay that way. Through innovation and new technology, the co-ops are doing everything they can to keep electricity reliable and rates affordable for you. That’s a powerful thing. April 2014 13


ENERGY STORAGE PAVES WAY FOR ENHANCED RELIABILITY Battery technology could be used to prevent disruptions, even during a power outage BY DOUGLAS DANLEY


As residential solar panels, small wind turbines and other forms of distributed “backyard” generation become more common, electric cooperatives are examining ways to integrate these systems while maintaining the safety and reliability of the grid. One of the key challenges facing renewable energy is variability; the output of solar and wind, for example, can vary significantly over short periods, like when the sun goes behind a cloud. With enough of these systems connected to the grid, resulting “intermittency” can cause voltages to dip and lights to flicker, affecting other members on the line. One way co-ops are looking to deal with that issue is to provide some sort of “energy storage” on the grid. This could be a large battery at a substation, but research tells co-ops that there are advantages to distributing the energy storage even further out into the grid. Some utilities are looking at “neighborhood energy storage” as a tool to keep the grid operating efficiently in the future. In this case, the batteries would be placed at the distribution transformers — the place where the lines to individual houses branch out from the larger feeder lines. By placing energy storage at these distributed locations, the utility could smooth out disruptions so that they do not affect other consumers. Once in place, battery storage systems could be used for other purposes as well — notably, putting generation into the grid during times of peak demand when electricity prices skyrocket, so that co-ops do not have to buy as much By placing energy power. Another intriguing possibility involves enhancing storage at these “grid resiliency,” or the ability to restore service to co-op distributed members more quickly following locations, the utility significant outages caused by ice storms, tornadoes or hurricanes. could smooth out For example, if a “charged” disruptions so that battery existed at a distribution transformer, that segment of a they do not affect distribution line could potentially other consumers. be isolated and provide power to a small number of consumers for several hours. This would give those folks the ability to shut down computers and other sensitive equipment on a more orderly basis. Even more intriguing, with some types of distributed generation (such as a solar array), a battery back-up and some enhancements to existing demand response systems (which offer incentives to consumers to reduce electricity use), limited power could potentially be extended to those consumers indefinitely, even when the sun was not shining. Dozens of these small nanogrids could automatically connect together to form a 14 April 2014

Researchers work on a battery energy storage system project for electric co-ops.

microgrid and eventually rejoin the main grid when it is back up and operating. Nanogrids and microgrids face many challenges before they become commonplace, including the high cost of batteries, lack of consistent control methods, safety of repair crews working on other parts of a co-op’s distribution system, and legal and regulatory issues. NRECA’s Cooperative Research Network is continually monitoring work being undertaken in this area to provide member co-ops with a clearer understanding of the technology and its applications. For co-op consumers, distributed energy storage may eventually play a big role in keeping electricity safe, reliable and affordable. Douglas Danley is a technical liaison and consultant specializing in renewable energy for the Cooperative Research Network.

Learn more at April 2014 15

April 20, 1914 ­— The morning after Greek Easter, a tense conference between union reps and National Guardsman erupted in gunfire. At day’s end 12 children, two women, two miners, the camp leader, a Guardsman and a bystander lay dead, and the Ludlow tent colony was in ruins.





“Women and Children Roasted in Pit of Tent Colony.” Those words in a New York Times headline 100 years ago conjured gruesome images that stunned the nation. The April 21, 1914, report noted “45 dead, 20 hurt and many missing in a Colorado Strike War.”

Coal mining had become a major Colorado industry because of the westward push of railroads after the Civil War. Manufacturing miles of steel rails required vast amounts of coal to fire production furnaces. Industrialist William Jackson Palmer’s steel mill at Pueblo produced its first rail for his Denver & Rio Grande Railroad in 1882. Ten years later, a merger with Colorado Fuel Company created the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, known as CF&I. The company controlled all the natural resources needed to produce steel. Furnaces at the Pueblo plant were fueled by some of the richest coal beds in the state. In 1902, Eastern businessman John D. Rockefeller Sr. toured the Pueblo plant and the southern coalfields. Then he invested $6 million in CF&I stock and soon owned controlling interest in the company. The “Trinidad field” of shiny black, high-grade bituminous coal stretched between the towns of Walsenburg and Trinidad and westward into the foothills of the Culebra Mountain Range. Most mining took place in deep canyons far from existing towns. CF&I built company towns close to the mines for workers and their families. The typical four-room house was built of concrete block. Few had running water. Outside “privies” were little more than a hole in the ground with a 16 April 2014

board over the top. Monthly rent was $2 per room. Most camps were fenced and patrolled by armed guards, making miners and their families feel like prisoners. The demand for coal was seasonal. Miners often worked less than 200 days per year. A miner might average $3.50 per day, depending on how much coal he dug. However, he was charged for materials and services he used, such as gunpowder or blacksmithing. These expenses could claim half of his daily pay. Out of the remainder he paid rent and bought food, clothing and other necessities at the camp’s company store. Miners were often paid in scrip, a company form of money that could only be spent in the camp. The use of scrip had been outlawed in Colorado in 1899 but mining companies ignored the law. With a captive audience, CF&I’s Colorado Supply Company stores set the prices and turned a tidy profit. By 1913, CF&I operated 12 mining camps in Las Animas and Huerfano counties. Many workers were recruited from Eastern Europe. They spoke little or no English and did not quibble about their pay. By mixing men who spoke different languages on a work team, the company hoped to prevent union organizing.

Photos courtesy of the El Pueblo History Museum in Pueblo. April 19, 1914 ­— The day before the massacre, families at Ludlow celebrated Greek Easter with feasting, dancing and baseball. Nearby, mounted National Guardsmen taunted the miners “You enjoy your roast today; we will have ours tomorrow.”

Despite these efforts, United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) representatives managed to meet some of the miners and offer support to improve pay and working conditions. Miners were paid by the weight of coal they dug each day. A man loaded his coal into a bin with his ID tag attached. The bin was hauled up to the weighing station while he was still deep underground. Miners did not trust the company’s weigh-man. They wanted to elect their own person to check the scales and ensure each worker received fair credit for his daily production. Miners also wanted to be paid when assigned to “dead work,” The Ludow Families such as laying track for coal cars or shoring up Miners and their families were on strike for better working conditions. The camp famiareas of the mine to prevent cave-ins. lies were from many countries and communication with each other was difficult. On September 23, 1913, thousands of CF&I miners walked off the job. Their additional demands included an eight-hour work day, increased pay rates and near the mines for 12 tent colonies and supplied 1,000 canvas freedom to choose where they lived and bought their supplies. tents, with wood for floors, heating and cooking stoves and They wanted enforcement of existing Colorado mining laws and iron bedsteads. Meetings and social events were held in a large the UMWA to represent them. community tent at the center of camp. The union paid each Two days later, the strikers and their families were evicted striker $3 per week, plus $1 per woman and 50 cents per child in from company housing. They left the camps in cold, drizzling the family. rain, carrying all their belongings in wagons or on their backs. The largest tent colony, with about 1,200 residents, was located The UMWA had prepared for this mass exodus. It leased land just north of the small railroad depot called Ludlow. It became strike coordination headquarters for Las Animas County. A Greek miner, Louis Tikas, was elected colony leader. The men and their families were a mix of Americans and new immigrants who spoke at least 20 different languages. They had already learned to get along as co-workers and neighbors in the mining camps. Not long after they settled at Ludlow, the men built a baseball diamond complete with bleachers for spectators. The sport became a unifying activity for the whole camp. In late October, Gov. Elias Ammons ordered the Colorado National Guard to take control of the area affected by the strike. Some 900 guardsmen arrived at Trinidad on November 1 and spread out among the tent colonies. Ludlow residents welcomed them. The Strike During the first week of December a record-breaking blizzard roared up the Front Range, dumping 4 to 6 feet of snow from For more photos from Ludlow and a look at the role of rabble-rouser Mother Jones (leading the crowd above) in the coalfield wars of southern Colorado, Trinidad to Cheyenne. Temperatures plummeted as 50-milevisit our website at

[continued on page 18] April 2014 17

The Death Special The “Death Special” and armored car was designed to spread fear. The Colorado Fuel & Iron Company covered an ordinary car with steel plates, adding a machine gun and spotlight — at night, private detectives tore through the tent colony, spraying bullets into tents.

The next morning, militia leaders Life in Tents summoned Tikas to Tents offered little protection from the cold and winds of winter, espea meeting at Ludlow cially through the record-breaking blizzard of December 1913. Tent roofs Depot. There was a caved in under the weight of snow. Surrounded by violence and gunfire, disagreement and some families dug cellars under their tents to create a safe place to hide. Commander Karl [continued from page 17] Linderfelt struck Tiper-hour winds drove snow into deep kas over the head with a rifle butt. Tikas drifts. Ludlow families shivered in their escaped. Soon shots were fired between tents, some of which collapsed. the strikers’ colony and the militia camp. After four months, the cost of National (Both sides later claimed the other had Guard protection had overwhelmed fired first.) The shooting continued all the state. The governor removed all but day, punctuated by shouts, and frantic 200 guardsmen. They were replaced by screams and wailing babies. One person a militia of mine employees — clothed, said the canvas tents were so full of bullet armed and paid by CF&I — plus hired holes they looked like lace. strike breakers from the Baldwin Felts When a train stopped on the tracks Detective Agency, known for their between the colony and the militia camp, brutality in West Virginia coal strikes. some Ludlow residents escaped into hills The miners were armed with rifles and to the east. A number of women and shotguns. The militia had high powered children remained hidden in dugouts rifles and 12 machine guns. To harass the (basements) under their tent floors, and a strikers, guards shone spotlights into the few huddled in a community well. camps at night and randomly fired shots The militia moved into the colony at over the tents. dusk. Militiamen poured kerosene over On April 6, 1914, John D. Rockefeller the tents and set them on fire. Beneath Jr., who had taken over CF&I managethe tent of Alcarita Pedregon, four women ment from his father, told a congressional and 10 children sat in a dugout. The tent committee: above was consumed by flames, killing “These men [strikers] have not everyone in the dugout but two women, expressed any dissatisfaction with their who escaped alive. conditions. The records show that the Some militia men rescued women and conditions have been admirable. … children but others looted the camp. A strike has been imposed upon the Three strikers, including Louis Tikas, company from the outside.” were captured and executed by the Two weeks later, on April 19, 1914, militia. The Ludlow camp was a charred Ludlow residents celebrated Greek Easter. tumble of metal bed frames, cook stoves, They feasted on roast lamb and enjoyed pots and pans. Here and there parts of a dancing and a baseball game. doll or child’s toy stuck out of the rubble.

The day after the massacre, Rockefeller Jr. received a telegram from CF&I Vice President Lamont Bowers: “April 21, 1914 … Ludlow tent colony of strikers totally destroyed by burning 200 tents, generally followed by explosion, showing ammunition and dynamite stored in them.” When word of events at Ludlow spread to other tent colonies, groups of miners retaliated. Six mines and company towns were destroyed in two days. The rampage continued for a week. On April 28, 1914, President Woodrow Wilson deployed federal troops to restore order in Colorado. He directed Gov. Ammons to withdraw all state troops. After order was restored and the victims were buried, the camp was rebuilt. The strike continued through the summer and fall. In 1915, Rockefeller Jr. gave his version of the events at a hearing by the U.S. Commission Industrial Relations: “There was no Ludlow massacre. The engagement started as a desperate fight for life by two small squads of militia against the entire tent colony … While this loss of life is profoundly to be regretted, it is unjust in the extreme to lay it at the door of the defenders of law and property, who were in no slightest way responsible for it.” The strike ended without resolution or union representation on December 10, 1914. The union was bankrupt. Coal companies blacklisted many of the strikers and hired replacements. Testimony after the massacre revealed there had been no ammunition stockpile [continued on page 19] 18 April 2014

[continued from page 18]

at Ludlow, as reported by the militia. The U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations noted in its 1915 final report: “The Colorado strike was a revolt by whole communities against arbitrary economic, political and social domination by the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company and the smaller coal mining companies that followed its lead. This domination has been carried out to such an extreme that two entire counties of southern Colorado for years have been deprived of popular government. … [L]arge groups of their citizens have been stripped of their liberties, robbed of portions of their earnings, subjected to ruthless persecution and abuse and reduced to a state of economic and political serfdom … [T]he government of these counties … has been brought under this domination and forced or induced to do the companies’ bidding.” Four hundred eight miners were arrested; 332 were indicted for murder. Legal proceedings dragged into 1920 but most miners never came to trial. Only four persons were convicted, including John R. Lawson, a UMWA organizer, who was sentenced to life in prison for shooting a deputy sheriff. The Colorado Supreme Court later overturned all four convictions. The last company mining towns in Colorado closed in 1947.

The UMWA purchased 40 acres of land where the Ludlow camp had stood. In 1917, its members erected a monument on the site. The union declined Rockefeller Jr.’s request to speak at the dedication ceremony, citing fear for his safety. The monument was designated a National Historic Site on January 16, 2009. Since 1918, an annual gathering at the monument on the third Sunday of June has commemorated the Ludlow Massacre. This year, in honor of the 100th anniversary, the Ludlow Massacre Centennial Remembrance Ceremony at the monument has been moved to May 17 and 18. Several other exhibits, lectures and ceremonies are planned at local museums. Cynthia Becker is a freelance writer from Pueblo.


The coal field wars are recalled in a book by Lois Ruby titled Strike! Mother Jones and the Colorado Coal Field War. Enter to win this book by visiting Click on Contests.

Ludlow residents pose for a promotional photo taken when the camp was first established.

“Life must be lived forward, but it can only be understood backward.” — Soren Kierkegaard

Ways to Remember Ludlow May 17 – L udlow Massacre Centennial Family There is more to the Ludlow Massacre than dates and facts. There History Day, Ludlow Memorial were people involved: men, women and children. Their stories are National Historical Landmark, 11 a.m.heartbreaking. Some were caught in impossible circumstances. 3 p.m. Others were caught by chance. May 18 – Ludlow Massacre Centennial Their stories are an important part of the events that occurred Remembrance Ceremony at 100 years ago and many of those stories, along with photos saved Ludlow Memorial National Historic through the years, are on display at exhibits available this year Landmark, 11 a.m. and through seminars and books being offered as part of this commemorative time. Information on other events may be found at Scan this page to see photos from the Ludlow exhibit at the El Pueblo History Museum in Pueblo and links to more information on the anniversary events. Or view the photos at or events at http://bit. ly/1mhE14e. April 2014 19


Fresh Fare Spurred by Colorado’s Past Local chef shares savory recipes inspired by history BY AMY HIGGINS || AHIGGINS@COLORADOCOUNTRYLIFE.ORG Creme Fraiche

1 cup heavy cream 2 tablespoons buttermilk In a bowl, combine the cream and buttermilk. Cover with a clean kitchen cloth and let sit in a warm, draft-free place until thickened, but still a pourable consistency, 12 to 16 hours. Stir and refrigerate until ready to use. (Can be refrigerated for up to 1 week.)

Food Mill First

A food mill is ideal for mashing potatoes. Electric mixers and food processors can overwork potatoes, which could turn them into a sticky mess. If you don’t have a food mill, try using a potato masher or ricer.

Salty Suggestion

Store your salts in sugar bowls instead of measuring directly from the containers. This way, you can take a pinch here and there or measure precisely without the risk of spilling.


To commemorate History Colorado Center’s second anniversary, Colorado Country Life asked Kurt Boucher, executive chef of Café Rendezvous and Cater Rendezvous at the History Colorado Center, to share some recipes. He created these recipes with inspiration from the museum’s Living West exhibit, a 7,000-square-foot exhibit exploring the dynamics between Colorado’s diverse people and its extraordinary environment. Enjoy.

Wild Game Goulash 4 tablespoons sunflower or canola oil 2 yellow onions, chopped 1 1⁄2 pounds game, trimmed and cut into 1⁄2-inch cubes Kosher salt, to taste Freshly ground black pepper, to taste 1⁄4 cup sweet paprika 2 teaspoons dried marjoram 2 teaspoons caraway seeds 2 cloves garlic, finely chopped 2 medium carrots, cut into 1⁄2-inch cubes 2 medium red bell peppers, cut into 1⁄2-inch cubes 2 cups of game stock or beef stock 2 cups red wine 1 cup diced tomatoes, cored and chopped 1 1⁄2 pounds medium new potatoes, peeled and cut into 1⁄2-inch cubes Heat oil in a 5-quart Dutch oven over medium heat. Add onions, cover and cook, stirring occasionally until soft and translucent, about 10 minutes. Increase heat to high. Add game and season with salt and pepper. Cook uncovered stirring only once or twice, until meat is lightly browned, about 6 minutes. Stir in paprika, marjoram, caraway and garlic and cook until fragrant, about 2 minutes. Add carrots, peppers, stock, wine, tomatoes and potatoes. Bring to a boil; reduce heat to medium. Simmer, covered, until the meat is tender, about 40 minutes. Season with salt and pepper, to taste. 20 April 2014

Executive Chef Kurt Boucher, History Colorado Center

Potato Cakes 2 cups chilled mashed potatoes 2 tablespoons vegetable oil 2 tablespoons unsalted butter 1/2 cup all-purpose flour 1 1/2 teaspoons kosher salt 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper Divide mashed potatoes into 8 equal portions. Use your hands to form 1/2-inch thick patties. Heat oil and butter in a large nonstick skillet over mediumhigh heat until almost smoking. Mix flour, salt and pepper in a pie plate. Coat the potato patties in the flour mixture. Add the potato cakes to the pan and reduce heat to medium-low. Cook until they form a golden crust, 15 to 20 minutes. (Peek underneath using a spatula before turning.) Turn and cook the other side until golden brown, about 15 minutes. Season with additional salt and pepper and serve hot. Find more creative historical recipes at Click on Recipes. December 2013 21


Garden Designs That Are Dog Friendly Clever ways to share garden space with your pet



You and your canine likely have differing ideas about what constitutes an ideal garden or outdoor space. In fact, many landscape plants do not gracefully endure dog shenanigans and the human eventually gives up on the garden, figuring either the vision of a lovely landscape, or the dog, must go. A dog lover myself, I’d like to offer some ideas that will make both you and your four-legged buddy happy. Seeing as how most dogs love running the length of a fence for the best view of passing critters, using the fence perimeter as a dog run can be a brilliant solution. I had the pleasure of visiting a backyard that was set up this way with great success. There was a double fence line around the outer three sides of the yard effectively fencing off the interior for human use. This interior space was designed beautifully with a pergola covered by gorgeous flowering vines above a patio. Plantings surrounded the central patio and all this was the focal point, drawing the visitor into its relaxing shade. If the double fences were ever noticed, it was an afterthought. The dogs could run around the yard, keeping the perimeter safe and sniffed out without ruining any plantings and the gates allowed them to be let into the interior occasionally. If fencing is not for you, consider using yard art to protect fragile plants. I have 3-inch diameter bamboo posts arranged in a staggered pattern that add year-round structure and interest to my garden. Using these or artistic metal plants, such as daisies, yucca or barrel cacti, to surround any live plants you don’t want trampled can be a nice way of adding pizzazz to your garden while protecting your prized peonies or hydrangeas from your canine companion. Be creative; think outside the box. I have a friend who used curved metal segments arched over plants to keep them safe. The effect was similar to giant Slinky sections, except the segments were of 22 April 2014

varying sizes and were turned at various angles for interest, rather than all being parallel to each other. The effect was so interesting and artistic that, even with two dogs lying there, I did not assume they were for that purpose. I thought they were just art.

Other ideas include: • Long, winding paths for exercise • Sculptural driftwood for marking for male dogs • Soft yet sturdy plants near paths Perhaps the most valuable adjustment you can make that will enhance your satisfaction as a dog-loving gardener is giving up perfectionism and learning forgiveness. Along with modeling living in the moment, being loyal and loving unconditionally, these are two more ways our dogs help us live better lives.

Eva Rose Montane hosts a cutting-edge series on gardening in Colorado. Read more gardening advice at Click on Living in Colorado and then Gardening.

Plant a Butterfly Banquet in the Garden BY L.A. JACKSON


Spring is an ideal time for gardeners who love ornamental plants to plan for not only a bountiful show of blooms but also butterflies. That’s right — butterflies. These bright flits of kinetic color are enough to make even the most distracted backyard grower take notice. Of course, stray butterflies will fly into the garden just about any time during the spring and summer months, but the best way to bring in more butterflies is to offer them something to eat. This can be done by serving up plants off of butterflies’ Most Preferred List, which is actually two lists because mature butterflies go for flowering, nectarproducing plants, while their young — caterpillars — prefer to munch on plant foliage. Nectar-loving adults are drawn to blooming plants. They seem to favor plants with red flowers first, followed by yellows, pinks, whites and purples. Also, they like blossoms that are flattopped or clustered to allow them to land so they can feed while in park. And what specific kinds of flowers can be classified as butterfly magnets? Spring bloomers such as primrose, money plant, lilac, sweet William, rock cress and candytuft are great for attracting an assorted variety of adult butterflies at the beginning of the growing season. Large, massed plantings such as In the summer, butterfly this bed of purple coneflowers weed, bee balm, purple conehelp attract more butterflies. flower, butterfly bush, cosmos, daylilies, lantana, periwinkle, scabiosa, lavender, hydrangeas, yarrow, zinnias, phlox and verbena are some good choices to take over from the spring flowers and continue bringing butterflies into your garden. Butterflies will flock to fall flowers as well. Sedums, asters, salvias and swamp sunflower are a few of the better late-blooming butterfly baits. Butterfly larvae like weeds. And since they munch on the foliage of these plants that many gardeners find undesirable, the caterpillars are actually helping with landscape maintenance. Interestingly, some butterfly caterpillars tend to like a specific plant, such as butterfly weed. While this native perennial’s nectar

A wide hydrangea bloom makes dining on nectar easy for this Black Swallowtail.

is a big favorite for many different adult butterflies, its foliage is especially sought out by Monarch larvae. This is also true for many of the other related plants in the Milkweed family. As a similar example, Black Swallowtail caterpillars have a preference to feed on the native golden Alexander as well as related plants. Golden Alexander is from Parsley family, which also includes three other plants young Black Swallowtails prefer: the popular garden herbs parsley, fennel and dill. Many concerned herbalists coexist with these larvae by planting more parsley, fennel and dill than man or beast will ever consume in a summer. A good way to attract more adult butterflies into a garden is to concentrate the right plants in large enough numbers so these fliers can easily see what you have to offer when they are flitting through the neighborhood. Another trick for bringing in butterflies is to add shallow dishes of water, wet sand or mud in the garden. Since butterflies also like sweets, sugar, honey or pieces of fruit can be added to enhance this butterfly bar, but be forewarned that such treats will also catch the attention of ants, wasps and bees. One more amenity that can appeal to these wonderful winged insects is large, flat rocks placed in an area that receives the morning sun. Butterflies are cold-blooded creatures and will seek out such toasty spots to warm themselves up at the start of a new day. Of course, if you are committed to bringing in more butterflies to your garden this growing season, one other item you might think about picking up is a good book that identifies the different types of butterflies in your region. It can become a fascinating hobby. L.A. Jackson has been a garden editor, lecturer and writer for over 20 years and has led many tours overseas through the great gardens of Europe. He lives in North Carolina. April 2014 23


Memories Come Flooding In Recalling good old days by the river



Find us at

Last year around this time, Javier Lucero, Dustin Kraus A wild, stream born and I were fishing a particurainbow trout from the larly pretty stretch of water Big Thompson River. on the lower Big Thompson a few miles west of Loveland. Actually, they were doing all the fishing; I was taking pictures. Both of them were hooking fish with almost predictable regularity: a fairly even mix of chunky browns and rainbows in the 12- to 14-inch class, all wearing the But that was then and this is now, and vibrant, telltale colors of wild, streamthat magical place is just a memory. The born fish (the Big Thompson hasn’t been riverbanks have been ripped away as if stocked for decades). by some angry giant claw. The ancient The river flowed through a chain cottonwoods have been uprooted and of private properties that were nicely tossed into the riverbed that is gouged manicured up to within a few yards of and scoured raw to bare bedrock or burthe river, at which point the landownied beneath tons of mud, silt, household ers wisely decided to let Mother Nature wreckage and debris. The willows, wildtend to the landscaping. The steep, rocky flowers and alders are gone. The flood banks were thick with of September 2013 washed stands of willows, alder It was exactly the all of it away and with it patches and errant Russian miles and miles of riverbank, kind of situation a roads, homes, businesses olive trees shadowed by monstrously huge cottonfly fisherman would and even lives. woods that leaned out over But enormous resources order up if there the river from both sides. are now tending to the matwere fishing gods ter. Multiple government Splotches of wildflowers grew randomly among agencies, construction comand he had any the bankside grasses and panies, nonprofits, conserpull with them. sedges. vation groups and volunThe river was in classic teers have been mobilized. pre-runoff condition, which is to say the Massive cleanup efforts are underway. flows were low but adequate and as clear And roads and bridges are being rebuilt as any Rocky Mountain freestone river and riverbanks restored. One day the has a right to be. The day was slightly river will be healed. One day willows and overcast and cool enough that you alders will trace its new course through needed a jacket. Midges and blue-winged the canyon, wildflowers will bloom on olive mayflies were hatching up and its banks and cottonwoods will shade its down the entire length of the run, and currents again. Fish will rise in its riffles the fish were on them like sharks on a and runs, and anglers will go back to wounded tuna. It was exactly the kind of cast flies, catch trout, take pictures and situation a fly fisherman would order up marvel at its rugged and resilient beauty. if there were fishing gods and he had any Until then, we’ll have to rely on our pull with them. memories and photographs.

Miss an issue? Catch up at Click on Outdoors. 24 April 2014

[energy tips]

If you should walk in the north woods this day, you may sense the fresh, fragrant vapors of new fallen snow. On the path, be wary of streams growing their grey-swell meander. If you should encounter the shrill annunciation of the hawk as it demarcates its territorial grove, you may be startled into the joy of resurrection. Below, the quickening of ground life: squirrels twitching and scrambling, defenseless, torpid insects moving slowly and deliberately to their needs. If you should tarry, you may witness a bank of clouds journeying, while the fine sun lances its light, punctuating rhythmic shadows on dark, loamed floors while high above, lime-budded aspens baptized by warmth, heave and bow over the emergence, over the great awakening! — Burt Baldwin, Ignacio

Solutions for drafts that don’t leave you unhinged BY JAMES DULLEY


How can the efficiency of older doors on a home be improved? When leaky doors create drafts, people tend to set the furnace thermostat higher. This wastes energy. Often with wood doors, especially ones with compression weather stripping, the main problem is simply that the latch plate is not holding the door tightly closed against the weather stripping. One solution is to reposition the latch plate. This will require filling in the old screw holes and drilling new ones. Chisel away some of Replaceable vinyl weather the wood in stripping seals well on the hinge the recess for side of the door because it gets compressed with little rubbing the latch plate. and wear. Another option is to install an adjustable latch plate. You may want to reposition it for summer and winter as the door and frame expand and contract from seasonal temperatures. Check the condition of the hinges and replace them if needed. If the hinges and pins are worn, the door will not hang square in the opening and, therefore, will not seal properly. There are many different sizes of hinges, so take an old one along to the store and get an exact match. Don’t just buy the cheapest ones; there are many to choose from and quality varies. Try adjusting the floor threshold higher. There are several height adjustment screws across the threshold, but after years of use they may be filled in with dirt. Poke around to find them. If the seal on the bottom of the door against the floor threshold is bad, there are many generic replacement seals you can install. Photograph courtesy Pemko Manufacturing



For more information on older door energy efficiency, visit Click on Energy Tips. April 2014 25 26 April 2014



Compact fluorescent lightbulbs can take minutes to reach full brightness whereas LED lamps light up immediately. LED lamps are more expensive than CFLs, but with lifespans of 20 to 35 years, those costs will be replenished quickly.

Advertise in MarketPlace and everyone will know your business! Call Kris for information 303-902-7276. April 2014 27

[classifieds] TO PLACE A CLASSIFIED AD Please type or print your ad on a separate paper. Indicate how many months you would like your ad to run and which month to start. There is a minimum of 12 words at $1.63 per word/month. Be sure to include your full name and address for our records. Check MUST accompany this order or call to pay by credit card. Send your ad before the 10th of the month to: mail: Colorado Country Life 5400 Washington St., Denver, CO 80216 phone: 303-902-7276 fax: 303-455-2807 email:



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ANTLERS ANTLER CHANDELIERS made only from REAL antlers. We are the manufacturer and we sell all of our products at wholesale prices; save as much as 60% from store prices. Many other antler products and mounts, including 56” elk mount, giant moose paddles, and elk antlers. Showroom open May 15 through September 30 in Granby, CO. 16 years at this location, over 900 satisfied customers! Designers: We can provide you a single item or a whole houseful. Call! 970-627-3053. (085-09-14)

BOOKS Southern Colorado – sometimes charming … sometimes Not! DESPITE THIS WE STAY. New book by award-winning humor writer Carol Dunn. or $15.50, POB 1213, LaVeta, CO 81055 (151-04-14)

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES (These opportunities have not been investigated by Colorado Country Life.) IS YOUR INCOME hindering achieving your bucket list wishes? Take this survey. http://annamarie. (147-04-14)

PIANO TUNING PAYS. Learn with American School home-study course. Tools included. Call for info. 800-497-9793. (158-01-15) WORK LESS & LIVE MORE! Department #745 (831-06-14)

CARS/TRUCKS/BOATS 50 SUBARUS! (1995-2014) Outbacks, Foresters, Imprezas, Tribecas & more! Great prices! Warranties available! Dealer: www.Monu 719-481-9900 (574-08-14) BEAUTIFUL SOUTHWIND MOTORHOME, 2006, 32’, 2 slides, many extras. Pictures, details available, 970-241-2482, Grand Junction. (165-04-14)

CLOCK REPAIR & RESTORATION DURANGO AREA. CLOCKS of all kinds repaired. Antique and modern. Clocks bought and sold. Call Robert 970-247-7729, bob.scott@ (109-07-14)

EDUCATION HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS/ PARENTS: Looking for a different approach? Want something exceptional? Biblical perspective, wilderness adventure, college prep, close Christian community, housing provided. www.emhweb. org (035-04-14)




PET FOOD, GRAINS, GRASS/alfalfa hay, straw, shavings, bedding/stove pellets, & firewood. 719-495-4842. Ayer Ranch TCL, Inc., 12558 Meridian Road, Elbert/Black Forest, CO 80106 (146-04-14)

SAWMILL EXCHANGE: North America’s largest source of used portable sawmills and commercial equipment for woodlot owners and sawmill operations. Over 800 listings. THE place to sell equipment. 800-459-2148 www.sawmill . (267-09-14)

DEBEQUE, CO — 11400 CR 204, 35 acres with stream. Backs to BLM, amazing hunting, fishing. House is 1,008sf, 2bd, 2ba, cozy woodburning stove. $239,000. Troy Kyle 1-719-3396999, Blue Spruce Real Estate, LLC (152-04-14)

FOR SALE GRASSFED YAK AND BISON MEAT for sale. Delicious and nutritious. Delivery available. Quarter, half, or whole. 720-256-3364 (029-07-14) OLD, USED, PAWN SADDLES – Good, fine, & rough. Jim Blair, Blair’s Trading Post, PO Box 940, 626 N Navajo Dr., Page, AZ 86040. 928645-3008. (154-05-14) OXYGEN CONCENTRATORS — $380 with warranty. Also sell portable concentrators and oxygen supplies. Repair and service of equipment. Aspen Concentrator Repair Service 719-471-9895 (040-04-14)

FREE FREE BOOKS/DVDS. Soon the “Mark of the Beast” will be enforced as Church and State unite! Let the Bible reveal. The Bible Says, POB 99, Lenoir City, TN 37771. 888-211-1715. (814-04-14) FREE DVD “America Sold Out” PO Box 118, Fountain, CO 80817 (167-04-14) WILL YOU GET THE CALL? Register your cell to receive emergency notifications (reverse 911). It’s free, it’s easy, it can save your life. www. (161-06-14)

GRASS MCDONALD LAWN CARE – Mowing, fertilization, trimming, irrigation winterization. Call 970-580-1203. 30 years lawn care experience in Northern Colorado. (160-06-14)

HOBBIES & CRAFTS BOOKS, CLASSES, CROCHETING, weaving, spinning, natural dye extracts, Jacquard and Gaywool dyes. Colorado Springs, 866-495-7747 (791-05-14)

Call Kris at 303-902-7276 to place a classified ad. 28 April 2014

POULTRY & GAMEBIRDS FREE COLOR CATALOG. 193 varieties, Cornish Cross, standard breeds, fancy chicks, ducks, geese, turkeys, bantams, guineas, pheasants, quail, supplies, video. 417-532-4581. PO Box 529, Lebanon, MO 65536. www. (876-07-14) INCUBATORS, BROODERS, EGG WASHERS; buying/selling. Hatching chicks, waterfowl, gamebirds, rabbits. Catalog. 218-253-2291, (14404-14)

REAL ESTATE BAYFIELD/VALLECITO – Beautiful mountain retreat, 4bd, 3ba, 3436sf on 1.2 acres, well water, septic, 5 minutes from Vallecito Lake. $467,900. 970-884-9324. (163-07-14) BLACK FOREST – 12910 Forest Green Drive, 5 acres vacant land, fenced, gorgeous horse property. $89,000. FHA or conventional. Troy Kyle 1-719-339-6999, troy.mandm@aol. com Blue Spruce Real Estate, LLC (152-04-14) COKEDALE COTTAGE — 2bd, 1ba. Seven miles from Trinidad. Minutes from fishing, boating, hiking at Trinidad Lake State Park. Darling outdoor enthusiast getaway. Danielle Rollo, Southern Colorado Realty 719-859-7653. (162-06-14) COLORADO SPRINGS — 20 acres fenced, 3bd, 2ba, 2200sf, 30x30 metal barn, well water, 2.5 mi. from Hanover School. 17 mi. from Scheiver AFB. Ready to move in. Deb Henmann, 719-338-7092. (141-04-14) CRIPPLE CREEK COMMERCIAL INVESTMENT PROPERTY! Three rare, adjoining, commercial, vacant parcels equaling .28 acres; the only vacant commercial property left on Bennett Ave.; motivated seller drastically reduced price to $399,000. Call Tracie Thomas, Realtor, 719-339-2393. (166-04-14)

DURANGO, CO — 35 acres at Cross Creek Ranch. Priced at $195,000, it’s $100,000 below market value. Views & privacy. Linda Crowther, Keller Williams Realty, 970-7492088. (107-04-14) JUST FOR YOU! Nice home in historic Cokedale, CO. 2bd, 1ba, single garage, screened porch. Hunting, fishing, boating. 1 mile from Trinidad Lake. 303-941-6572, 719-324-5628. (164-07-14) OWN PROPERTY? NEED INCOME? We’ll rent exclusive hunting/fishing rights from you. Encourage young sportsmen by providing safe, private access. You make the rules. 303-460-0273 (069-04-14) SOUTHERN COLORADO near Spanish Peaks. Custom home on 36 wooded acres, 3bd, 3ba, 9’ ceilings, tile, granite, hardwoods, soapstone woodstove, Pella windows, main floor master. Barn/garage, wildlife, seasonal stream, mountain views. Ideal for retiree, work from home, vacation. 20 min. to I-25. $395,000. 303-908-3434, www.forsaleby #23971720 (158-06-14)

RELIGION BECOME AN ORDAINED Minister by correspondence study. Founded in 1988. Free info. Ministers for Christ Outreach, 7558 West Thunderbird Rd, Ste 1 - #114, Peoria, AZ 85381. (44106-14)

TICKETS NFR & PBR RODEO TICKETS – Las Vegas. All seating levels available. Call 1-888-NFR-rodeo (1-888-6377633) or *BBB Member; Since 1990. (912-11-14)

VACATION RENTAL BRING YOUR HORSES: Rent our 4br log home, near Red Feather Lakes. Ride Roosevelt National Forest: 5 nights or weekend. 765-438-6488, (159-06-14)

[funny stories] VACATION RENTAL



HISTORIC WALDEN Rock House, 413 Lafever, Walden, CO. One day/ short stay. 970-723-4736 www. (138-06-14)

NAVAJO RUGS, old and recent, native baskets, pottery. Tribal Rugs, Salida. 719-539-5363, b_inaz@ (817-06-14)

KAUAI VACATION RENTAL, 2bdr, full kitchen. Minutes from beaches. $600/wk. 808-245-6500; makana; (756-05-14)

OLD COLORADO LIVESTOCK brand books prior to 1975. Call Wes 303757-8553. (889-08-14)

OLD GAS AND OIL items: Gas pumps, advertising signs, globes, etc. Pieces, parts, etc. considered. Also 1932-34 Ford cars and trucks, parts and pieces, too. Any condition. Brandon, 719-250-5721. (519-11-14)

KONA, HAWAII, Paradise Villa condo located on the 18th fairway of Kona Country Club with sweeping ocean views; 3bdr, 2ba specials. (503) 369-2638; www.konacondo. info (116-05-14)

OLD COWBOY STUFF — hats, boots, spurs, chaps, Indian rugs, baskets, etc. ANYTHING OLD! Mining & railroad memorabilia, ore carts! We buy whole estates. We’ll come to you! Call 970-759-3455 or 970-565-1256. (871-05-14)

Call Kris at 303-902-7276 to place an ad in the Colorado Country Life magazine.

OLD POCKET WATCHES – working or non-working and old repair material. Bob 719-859-4209 watch (870-06-15) WANT TO PURCHASE minerals and other oil/gas interests. Send details to: PO Box 13557, Denver, CO 80201. (402-03-15) WE PAY CASH for minerals and oil/ gas interests, producing and nonproducing. 800-733-8122 (099-02-15)

My 3-year-old sister, Tashlon, was helping my mother make a cake when she asked, “Mom, can I please lick the bowl?” “No,” said my mother, “I don’t want you to lick the raw batter.” My sister quickly replied, “Well, then can I lick the gooder?” Rainah Lark Schauermann, Snyder

The day before Easter I was telling my 2-year-old son that he needed to go to bed so the Easter Bunny could come. It was snowing and he was very concerned that the Easter Bunny would not be able to make it through the snow, but I assured him that bunnies were great snow hoppers. When we awoke on Easter Sunday, the sun shone brilliantly and started to melt the snow. I was surprised to find my son crying. When I asked him why he was crying, he said, “Now we can’t track the Easter Bunny! His footprints will be gone!” Karin Becker, Durango

A pastor goes to the dentist and is fitted for a set

Send us photos of you with Colorado Country Life

We’re Looking …

for photos of readers and their copy of Colorado Country Life.

of false teeth. That Sunday at church he only talks for eight minutes. The following Sunday he talks for only 10 minutes. The third Sunday he talks for nearly three hours. The congregation had to mob him to get him down from the pulpit to ask him what was happening. The pastor tells them that the first Sunday his gums hurt so badly he couldn’t talk for more than eight minutes. The second Sunday his gums hurt too much to talk for more than 10 minutes. But that third Sunday he put his wife’s teeth in by mistake and he couldn’t shut up… Carla Krueger, Brush

Got a great pic of you or your family member with the magazine at some fun place? Send it and your name and address to We’ll post it on our Facebook page. And on the last day of each month we’ll draw a winner from the submissions and send that winner a $25 gift card.

Congratulations Congratulations to Joni Castillo, a Mountain Parks Electric member, who won a $25 gift certificate for her February submission shown above.

We pay $15 to each person who submits a funny story that’s printed in the magazine. At the end of the year, we draw one name from those submitting jokes and that person will receive $150. Send your 2014 stories to Colorado Country Life, 5400 Washington St., Denver, CO 80216 or email funnystories@ Don’t forget to include your mailing address, so we can send you a check. April 2014 29

[discoveries] TIME MACHINE The museum’s Time Machine allows visitors to glide through Colorado history in a unique fashion: using a 7-foot-tall industrial-looking device that slides over a 40 by 60-foot map of Colorado. The terrazzo floor map is a sight itself, but when it works with the Time Machine’s

History Colorado The History Colorado Center turns 2 years old on April 28. The cultural destination features oodles of workshops, exhibits and programs for all ages. This month, take a trip to the History Colorado Center in Denver and say happy birthday!

technology, the map comes to life. Simply push the Time Machine over the map’s hot spots and view video presentations of a significant events in Colorado history.

WIN 4 tickets

to visit

History Colorado Visit coloradocountrylife. coop for details. Click on Contests.

Living West The Living West room is History Colorado’s newest exhibit and focuses on the environmental choices we made in the past and continue to make today. The Living West room reveals three stories that illustrate relationships between Colorado’s people and the land: life

Destination Colorado

in the Mesa Verde region 800 years ago,

This 5,000-square-foot exhibit leads you

the 1930s dust bowl on the southeastern

Denver A to Z: Adrenaline to Zombies and (Almost) Everything in Between

plains and today’s Rocky Mountains.

Ward catalog and experience the his-

The “Denver A to Z” exhibit is educational,

ing demonstration and information about

tory of this once booming town through

interactive and, at times, downright hilari-

how our beloved Colorado mountains are

pictures and objects from back in the day.

ous. Watch as animated Denver icons bat-

affected by the living world and environ-

This is a fun room for kids as they can get

tle it out at the “K is for Knockout” exhibit


a little silly ‘milking’ a pretend cow, collect-

and slip into the likeness of Tim McKernan,

Living West’s newest additions include

ing wooden eggs for the general store and

better known as Barrel Man, at the “D is for

traveling exhibits such as “Food: Our

climbing to the top of a hayloft to glide

Devoted” display where you can try on a

Global Kitchen,” “Race: Are We So Differ-

down a slide.

replica McKernan Broncos barrel.

ent” and “1968.”

through displays from the abandoned town of Keota. Take a virtual ride in a Model T Ford, view popular items that were once available in the Montgomery 30 April 2014

This exhibit features a wide selection of archaeological finds from the Mesa Verde region, a water “footprint” measur-

Colorado Country Life Mountain View April 2014  
Colorado Country Life Mountain View April 2014  

Colorado Country Life Mountain View April 2014