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vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

eSlwj fo’ofo|ky; fganh miU;kl dk lkj miU;kl

vafre lR;kxzgh miU;kldkj MkW jktsUnz eksgu HkVukxj miU;kl dk lkj izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn-] v/;{k] fganh foHkkx ljdkjh foKku dkWyst] gklu] dukZVd narayanprasad_a@yahoo.com naps hindi


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

2007 ,d ,slk o”kZ gS tgkWa ,d vksj varjkZ”V~zh; xkWa/kh lR;kxzg ‘krkCnh dk vk;kstu gks jgk Fkk rks] nwljh vksj vkt+knh dh igyh yMkbZ dk Ms<+ lkS okWa o”kZ Hkh euk;k tk jgk FkkA bu nksuksa dk;Zdzeksa ls vke turk mwc pqdh FkhA ftu m)s’kksa dks ysdj vkt+knh dh yMkbZ iwjs 150 lky rd yM+kbZ xbZ Fkh vkSj ftl jkejkT; dh dYiuk dks lkdkj cukus ds fy, xkWa/kh th viuh iwjh ftanxh fupkoj fd;k bu nksuksa dk lgh vFkZ vkt+knh feyus ds 60 o”kZ esa turk [kks pqdh gSA ,sls le; ij jktLFkku lkfgR; vdkneh dk loksZPp ehjk iqjLdkj ls iqjLd`r MkW jktsUnz eksgu HkVukxj th us viuk miU;kl ^vafre lR;kxzgh* dks nqfu;k Hkj ds fganh ikBdksa dks izLrqr fd;kA

Lora=rk iwoZ 1938 esa vackyk Nkouh esa tUesa MkWa HkVukxj th us vkt+kn Hkkjr esa 60&70 lky ftanxh xqtkjus ds ckn ns’k dh vkfFkZd] lkekftd fLFkfr;ksa dk lkfgR;dkj dh n`f”V ls v/;;u] fparu&euu djus ds ckn ^vafre lR;kxzgh* miU;kl izLrqr fd, gSaA bl miU;kl ds t+fj, miU;kldkj Lok/khu iwoZ Hkkjr vkSj Lok/khu Hkkjr esa usrkvksa ds fopkj/kkjkvksa ij vaxqyh mBkrs gSA Lok/khu iwoZ Hkkjr ds usrkvksa tSls egkRek XkkWa/kh] togjyky usg:] cky xaxk/kj fryd] MkW jktsanz izlkn] MkW jk/kkd`”.ku] Hkxr flag] pasnz’ks[kj vkt+kn vkfn ds eu esa ek= ,d gh fopkj Fkk fd ns’k Lok/khu gks rkfd ns’k dh turk dks lkekftd U;k; feys] vkfFkZd :i ls Lok/khu gks] gj {ks= esa rjDdh feys vkS|ksfxd dzkafr gks] d`f”k {ks= esa mUUrh ikos] turk fcuk fdlh fo”ks’k ikcanh ls [kq’kh & [kq’kh ls th,A vaxzst ljdkj ls gks jgs vU;k; dks jksds] vke turk dks ‘kks”k.k ls eqDr djk;s vkSj ns’k dks vkfFkZd :i ls lqn`< cuk;sA ijarq] ns’k Lok/khu gksrs gh] ns’k dh ykyph usrk turk dh ctk; viuh mUurh dh vksj T;knk /;ku nsus yxs] ns’k dh vke turk dks tks lkekftd U;k; feyuk Fkk mldk utjankt fd,] xjhcksa dh la[;k jksst+ c<us yxh] vehj vius eu pkgs <ax ls thus yxs gSa vFkkZr~ ns’k dh mUurh ds ckjs esa] vke turk dks lkekftd U;k; fnykus ds ckjs esa dksbZ fpark ugha dj jgs gSaA bl fLFkfr dk eglwl djus ds ckn ?ku’;ke nkl loksZPp lkfgR; iqjLdkj ls vkSj ukgj lEeku ls lEekfur MkW HkVukxj th 60 lky ds Lok/khu Hkkjr dh okLrfod fp=.k ds :i esa ^vafre lR;kxzgh* miU;kl dks fganh ikBdksa ds fy, izLrqr fd, gSaA


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

MkW HkVukxj ds ‘kCnksa esa ^;g miU;kl ued vkanksyu ls tks lu~ 1930 esa gqvk p’enhn xokg uxkjk FkkA og vktknh ds vdsyk ,d ,slk Hkkxhnkj gqvk fd mlds mlds lkeus [kMk ugha gks ldkA*

lR;kxzg ij vk/k`r gS & FkkA ml vkanksyu dk ,slk ckn ds lR;kxzg dk Hkh ckn dksbZ vU; lR;kxzgh

;gkWa rhu egRoiw.kZ ‘kCn gSA igyk ‘kCn uxkjk & bl dFkkuk;d uxkjk gSA ftudk is’kk Fkk iSlk ysdj [kwu fdlh ls Hkh Mjrk ugha FkkA uk vius Hkfo”; dh fpark uxkjk dh ftanxh esa lar lnkuan vkrs gSa] ftudh izsj.kk lsok djus ij rRij gks tkrk gSA

miU;kl ds djukA og FkhA ,sls ls ns’k dh

nwljk ‘kCn gS ued vkanksyu & MkW HkVukxj ds eu esa ;g iz’u mBk Fkk fd xkWa/kh us ued dks D;ksa pquk\ ued vkanksyu ds ihNs D;k m)s’; Fkk\ bu iz’uksa dk mRrj <wWa<us ds fy, miU;kldkj lkcjerh vkJe esa dbZ ckj tk cSBrs gSaA ogkWa jg&jgdj yxus yxrk gS fd xkWa/khth us ued dks blfy, pquk fd ty ds ckn ued dk gh uacj vkrk gSA lkFk esa xkWa/khth dk ued vkanksyu djus ds ihNs ;g Hkh ewyea= Fkk fd Hkkjr vkt+knh dh fn’kk esa vkxs vk ldsA rhljk ‘kCn gS lR;kxzg & xkWa/kh th us igyh ckj nf{k.k vkQzhdk esa tc lR;kxzg izkjaHk fd;k rc bldk uke ^iSflo jsftLVsUl* Fkk ckn esa exuyky xkWa/kh us lr~ $ vkxzg dks tksM dj ^lnxzg* uke lq>k;kA ftldks xkWa/kh th us ^lR;kxzg* dj fn;k rFkk 1907 esa igyk lR;kxzg ‘kq: djok;kA dksbZ Hkh Hkkjroklh ;fn Hkkjr dh Lok/khurk laxzke ds ckjs esa i<+rk gS rks muds eu esa vo’; ;g iz’u mBrk gS fd D;k vkt xkWa/kh th ds lR;kxzg dh dksbZ vgeh;r jg xbZ gS\ ;g iz’u MkW HkVukxj ds eu es Hkh mBk FkkA HkVukxj th dks yxrk gS fd xkWa/khth us euq ”; dks O;fDrxr vkSj lef”Vxr lekt dh mnkr ladYiuk ls lac) djuk pkgk FkkA mlds ewy esa lR; Fkk vkSj mlds O;ogkj esa vfgalkA lekt cusxk] jgus ds fy, cusxk rks ogkWa xkWa/khth dh gh ladYiuk gksxhA ijarq] vkt dk lekt xkWa/khth dks Hkwyrk tk jgk gSA iSls cukus esa yxk gSA O;fDrxr :i ls mHkjus ds fy, dksf’k’k djrk gS&iwjs lekt dks ysdj tkus dh fpark djuk NksM+ gh fn;k gSA


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

,d vkSj iz’u eu esa mHkjrk gS & D;k vfgald lekt dh ladYiuk okLrfodrk esa cny ldrh gS\ MkW HkVukxj th dk dguk gS fd vkt ftl rsth ls lekt xkWa/kh dks Hkwykrk tk jgk gS] mlls yxrk gS fd og viuh Lok/khurk dks fnu&Hkj&fnu [kksrk tk jgk gSA ‘kk;n ;gh dkj.k gS vkt ‘kkafr LFkkfir djus ds ctk; fgalkRed fopkjksa ds fy, rFkk fgalk dks jksdus dsfy, dbZ vke yksxksa dk tku [krjs esa gS lkFk esa djksM+ks :i;ksa dks [kpkZ dj jgs gaSA ftldk iz;ksx lekt ds dY;k.k ds fy, dj ldrs FksA bu NksVs&NksVs ijarq egRoiw.kZ fopkjksa dks ysdj MkW HkVukxj th bl ^vafre lR;kxzgh* miU;kl dks fy[ks gSa ftldk ewy m)s’; mUgha ds ‘kCnksa esa ^vkus okyh ih<h dks bldk vglkl gks lds fd og fd/kj tk jgh gS vkSj mls tkuk dgkWa gSA* bl miU;kl dk lkj dqN egRoiw.kZ ?kVukvksa ij ckWaVk x;k gSA ;g lkj ek= mu fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds fy, lgk;d gksxh tks miU;kl dks ,d ckj iwjs i< pqds gSa vkSj ijh{kk ds fiNys fnu bu egRoiw.k ?kVukvksa dh vksj utj Mkyuk dkQh gSA


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

vafre lR;kxzgh 1- dFkkuk;d uxkjk lqcg tk mez ds dkj.k uhan uk vkus ds dkj.k gqDdk xqMxqMkrs gq, vius mez dk fglkc djrk FkkA vius fglkc dk vk/kkj dbZ lky igys tc Iysx QSyk Fkk mls cuk;k FkkA blds ckotwn mlds mez dk lgh irk ugha yx ikrk FkkA 2- budh iRuh /krqjh vkSj muds chp dk laca/k vPNk vkSj ljlrk ls Hkjh gqbZ FkhA 3- gqDdk vkSj chMh NksMus dh ckr bu nksuksa ds chp gqbZ vkSj bl chp vius [kks;s csVs :Ddk dks Hkh ;kn djrs gSaA 4- uxkjk gqDdk NksM nsrk gSA 5- /krqjh dh ekWa us mls csp fn;k FkkA ftudks csph Fkh] oks yksx /krqjh dks tcjnLrh mBk ys tk jgs Fks dkj esaA /krqjh lgk;rk ds fy, fpYyk fpYyk jgh FkhA uxkjk /krqjh dh vkokt lqudj lgk;rk djus ds fy, vkrk gS vkSj rhuksa vknfe;ksa dks ekj Mkyrk gSA 6- uxkjk ls cpkus ds ckn /krqjh ds eu esa ;g iz’u mBrk gS fd vc eq>s dgkWa tkuk gSA mldh fLFkfr ,slk gS fd og okil ykSV Hkh ugha ldrh D;ksafd mldh ekWa us mls csp fn;k Fkk vkSj mldk vkxs dk Hkfo”; fcYdqy ‘kwU; FkkA 7- /krqjh datMh FkhA pksjh djuk mlds [kkunku dk is’kk FkkA Pkksjh djrs oDr ;fn dksbZ :dkoV vk;s rks ekj Mkyus ds fy, Hkh rS;kj jgrh FkhA 8- /krqjh uxkjk ds lkeus ‘kknh dk izLrko j[krh gSA 9- uxkjk ds thou esa igyh ckj ,slh voLFkk vk;h dh mldk fdlh vkSjr ls lkeuk gqvk gSA /krqjh us vius cpiu dh dgkuh uxkjk dks lqukbZ & mldk cki mldh ekWa dks nk: ds fy, ihVrk FkkA 10- /krqjh fdlh u fdlh rjg ls uxkjk dks ‘kknh djus ds fy, eukus dh dksf’k’k dj jgh gS ijarq uxkjk ds eu esa og cgqr cqjk vkneh gS ftlds dkj.k mldk dksbZ ?kj ugha cu ldrkA og lksprk gS fd mlds mij dksbZ n;k djs A D;ksafd mldsk iqfyl vkSj tehankjksa ls Mj FkkA uxkjk viuh txg dks NksMdj dgha tkus ls Mjrk gS vkSj viuk ?kj clkus ls HkhA 11- /krqjh mlds vg~e dks pksV igqWapkrs gq, dgrh gS fd rw Mjrk gSA uxkjk /krqjh ds lkFk jgus dk oknk djrk gS ijarq psrkouh Hkh nsrk gS fd vxj og mldks idMokus dh dksf’k’k djsxh rks mls ekj MkysxkA


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

12- uxkjk viuh bu iqjkuh Le`fr;ksa lss orZeku esa okil vk tkrk gSA 13- fefM;k okyksa dk iz’u Fkk fd og ljdkj }kjk Lora=rk lsukfu;ksa ds fy, nh tk jgh isa’ku D;ksa ugha ysrk mldk uk dqN tokc fn;k vkSj uk muds rS;kj fd;s x;s c;ku ij gLrk{kj fd;kA uxkjk ds eu esa ;g fopkj clk Fkk fd mUgksaus ns’k ds fy, lsok fd;k gSA lsok ds cnys dqN ysuk vPNk ugha gSA lkFk esa mudks ;g Hkh eu esa yx jgk Fkk fd ljdkj budks isa’ku nsdj bl ?kVuk dk Hkh ykHk mBkuk pkgrh gS] tks budks ilan ugha gSA 14- ,d xjhc ifjokj esa tUeh oUnuk i=dkj ds :i esa izos’k gksrk gSA 15- oUnuk uxkjk ls feyh rks] fcuk fo”k; dks ?kqek;s lh/ks fo”k; ij vk tkrh gSA 16- oUnuk dk fopkj ;g Fkk fd Lora=rk lsukfu;ksa dh dqckZuh ds ckjs esa Lok/khu Hkkjr esa jg jgs orZeku ih<+h rd igqWapkuk FkkA D;ksafd Lok/khu Hkkjr esa yksdra= vyksdra= dh vksj c< jgh gSA 17- uxkjk oUnuk dh vkWa[kksa esa fpuxkjh dks ns[krk gSA ftl fpuxkjh ls tks vkx mBsxh mlesa ,sls lHkh HkLe gks tk;saxs rks fuyZTt gS vkSj fueZe gS lkFk esa xjhc yksxksa dk [kwu pwl jgs gaSA 18- rc uxkjk dks xkWa/khth dh ;kn vkrh gS rFkk xkWa/kh th dh viuh iRuh ds izfr cqjk O;ogkj Hkh ;kn vkrh gSA 19- xkWa/khth ds ikl cMs&cMs yksx tSls yksfg;k] jktsanz izlkn] usg:th] t;izdk’k vkfn vkrs Fks vkSj xkWa/kh th ds ikl mudks le>kus dh ‘kfDr jghA 20- xkWa/kh th dk ;g er gS fd ns’k dks vktkn djus ds fy, igys vius ?kj dks lkQ j[kuk pkfg,A 21- uxkjk vktknh ds ckn bl ckr ij [ksn izdV djrk gS fd vaxzstksa dk LFkku gekjs vius dqN yksx fy, gSa] tks fcYdqy fueZe gS vkSj vius gh yksxksa dks ywVrs gSa A 22- xkWa/kh th ls ckr djus ls lc Mjrs Fks D;ksafd xkWa/kh th fcuk lk>snkjh ds Fks vkSj oks lcdk eu i< ysrs FksA 23- uxkjk xkWa/kh th ds lkFk jgk ijarq muls ckrs dHkh ugha dhA 24- oanuk uxkjk ls ias’ku uk ysus dh otg tkuuk pkgrh gSA oanuk ;g lksp jgh Fkh fd Lok/khu Hkkjr dh vO;oLFkk ls uxkjk uk[kq’k gSA blh otg ls og ias’ku ds fy, badkj dj fn;kA


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

25- uxkjk ;g lksprk gS fd ns’k ds fy, yMuk drZO; gSA vius drZO; dks fuHkkus dh [kq’kh gS muesaA vius bl QtZ dks cfynku ugha dguk pkgrk gS vkSj vius QtZ dks fcdkm Hkh ugha cukuk pkgrk gSA vkSj blh otg ls og ias’ku ysus ls badkj djrk gSA 26- uxkjk dk dguk gS fd isa’ku d okLrk ns’k dh lsok ugha dhA uxkjk vui< gksus ds ckotwn ftanxh dk lgh vFkZ fo’ys ”k.k djds crkus dh ‘kfDr FkhA 27- oanuk uxkjk dks le>krh gS fd ubZ ih<h esa lgu’khyrk dh deh gS vkSj oks ifj.kke dks rqjar ikuk pkgrs gSa rks uxkjk ;g dgrk gS fd tks dqN Hkh dguk gS le>dj dguk gS vkSj iwjs ifjizs{; dks lkeus j[kdj dguk gSA 28- oanuk dks uxkjk jkek;.k dh dFkk ls le>krk gS fd ubZ ih<h dks vius ij iwjk Hkjkslk j[kuk pkfg,A 29- bl ?kVuk ds ckn oanuk dbZ fnu uxkjk ls feyus ugha vkrh gSA 30- /krqjh dks uxkjk yky dqrhZ okyksa us ftl rjg budks gkFk ikWao rksM ds dwMs ds <sj esa Mkys Fks ml ?kVuk dks nksgjkrk gSA 31- Dkaxzsl ikVhZ okyksa us uxkjk ds gkFk esa Hkxr flag] lq[knso vkSj vktkn budks igqWapkus ds fy, ,d fpV~Vh nsrs gSa vkSj bl fpVBh dks fcuk fdlh dks irk pys ,sls igqWapk nsus gSA 32- jkLrsa esa iqfyl okys & nqxkZ ik.Ms & budks idM ysrk gSA fiVkbZ ds ckn Hkh uxkjk eqWag ugha [kksyrkA iqfyl okys tc ryk’kh ysus vkrs gSa rks og fpVBh dks fuxy tkrk gSA 33- yxkjk dks iqfyl okys LVs’ku ys tkrs gSaA Fkkusnkj jfo [kUuk I;kj ls budk fny thr dj buls lp lquuk pkgrk gSA uxkjk dks le>krk gS fd ftanxh D;k gS] vaxzst ljdkj dk fopkj D;k gSA 34- joh [kUuk dk dguk gS fd vaxzst ljdkj ges’kk ds fy, ;gha ij jgsxhA ns’k ds [kkfrj tks dzkfUr gks jgh gS og Hkze gSA blfy, vkt tks lq[k feyrk gS mls Hkksxuk pkfg,A 35- ijUrq uxkjk ;g fu.kZ; ys pqdk gS fd ns’k ds okLrs lc dqN ;gkWa rd dh tku nsuk gS rks mlds fy, Hkh rS;kj FkkA 36- joh [kUuk uxkjk ds fu.kZ; ls vkis ls ckgj gksdj cgqr ekjrk gS vkSj fQj mls ejk gqvk le> dj dwMs ds <sj esa Qasd nsrk gSA tc /krqjh dks irk pyrk gS rqjar mlus fnu&jkr lsok djds budks cpkrh gSA


vafre lR;kxzgh

& lkj

& izks-,-ukjk;.k izlkn }kjk

37- cLrh esa jgus okyh xaxk dkdh cMcksyh gSA bUgksaus uxkjk ls isa’ku badkj djus ls /krqjh dks tks d”V gqvk gS mls dgrh gS vkSj ;g Hkh dgrh gS fd isa’ku badkj djus ls udyh yksaxksa dks isa’ku feyuk cUn gks x;kA vkSj cLrh ds yksx ukjs yxkus ds fy, x;s gSaA blls xaxk dkdh [kq’k gS D;ksafd iSlk feyrk gS vkSj cLrh dk m)kj gksrk gSA 38- oanuk cgqr fnuksa ckn uxkjk ls feyus ds fy, vkrh gSA 39- vkt dh lkekftd ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds ckjs esa oanuk vkSj uxkjk bu nksuksa ds chp esa ckrs gksrh gSA 40- oanuk dk lkspuk gS fd vkt jko.k dh gh thr gks jghA uxkjk dgrk gS fd var esa lR; dh gh thr gksxh blfy, gesa dksf’k’k djrs jguk pkfg,A 41- oanuk uxkjk dh igyh ftanxh ds ckjs esa tkudkjh ysrh gSA uxkjk oanuk dks ,d vkSj ?kVuk ds ckjs esa dgrk gS ftlesa Bkdqj ujirflag uxkjk ls lar lnkuan dks ekjus ds fy, dgrk gSA 42- lar lnkuan e’kwj gksus ds dkj.k mudks ekjuk vklku ugha Fkk blfy, uxkjk dks T;knk iSlk Hkh feyrk gSA 43- uxkjk ds eu esa lar lnkuan dks ekjus ds ckjs esa ftKklk iSnk gksrh gSA 44- uxkjk jkrks&jkr lnkuan vkJe igqWaprk gSA ogkWa ftl rjg ls vkJeoklh vkSj lnkuan fuf’parrk ls lks;s iMs jgrs gSa] blls uxkjk dks vk’p;Z gksrk gSA vkJe iwjk [kqyk gqvk FkkA 45- lnkuan ds lkeus [kMk gksdj uxkjk dks yxus yxk fd lnkuan muls ckrs dj jgk gS vkSj mlls Mjk ugha gSA lnkuan tc tkx mBs rc fuf’parrk ls uxkjk ls vius dks ekjus ds fy, [kqn vkea=.k nsrs gSaA 46- lnkuan uxkjk dks ftUnxh dk lgh vFkZ le>kus dh dksf’k’k djrs gSaA thus dk lgh vFkZ crkrs gSa vkSj uxkjk dks [kwu djus ls Hk;Hkhr uk gksus ds fy, Hkh dgrs gSaA 47- uxkjk esa ifjorZu vkus yxkA vc og ns’k ds [kkfrj fdlh dk Hkh tku ysus ds fy, rS;kj FkkA uxkjk esa tks ifjorZu vk;k gS blls lnkuan [kq’k Fks exj uxkjk vfgalkRed rRo dks viukus ds ckjs esa vkRefo’okl c<kus ds ckjs esa lnkuan le>krs gSaA 48- uxkjk vius gh ijNkbZ ls Mjrk FkkA ,sls uxkjk dks lnkuan lEiw.kZ ifjorZu djds xkWa/kh th ls feykus ys tkrk gSA


vafre lR;kxzgh

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49- uxkjk esa ifjorZu vkus ds fy, miokl] ekSu] nwljksa ds fy, izkFkZuk djuk vkfn y{k.kksa ds ckjs esa ljcrh cgu crkrh gS vkSj uxkjk dks vfgalk ekxZ dh lkjh ckrsa vk’p;Z Hkh yxrh gS vkSj eu esa }U} gksus yxrk gSA 50- bu iwoZ ?kfVr ?kVukvksa ls ckgj vkdj vkt dh okLrfod lkekftd fLFkfr ds ckjs es uxkjk ds eu esa ;g ckr mBrh gS fd ftl edln dks ysdj Lora=rk dh yMkbZ yMh xbZ Fkh] ns’k Lok/khu gksus ds ckn og edln iwjk ugha gqvkA xjhc vkSj Hkh xjhc gks x, gSaA 51- cfLr esa ‘kks”k.k djus okyksa ds fy, vkSj iqfyl okyksa dk vM~M k cu x;k FkkA 52- iqfyl okys tc dkyh dks csjgeh ls ekjrs gSa rc uxkjk iqfylokyksa ls yksdra= Hkkjr esa cls vke turk ij ykBh eu pkgs <ax ls mBk;k ugha tkrk dgdj bu fu;eksa ls lacaf/kr fjfr&fjokt ds ckjs esa iz’u djrk gS] ftlls iqfylokys ukjkt gksdj uxkjk dks Hkh ihVrs gSaA 53- uxkjk nkjksxk dks le>krk gS fd Lora=rk laxzke ds nkSjku blls Hkh T;knk fiVkbZ vaxzst ljdkj ls [kk pqds gSa vkSj vktknh dh yMkbZ esa cgqr dqN lgu dj pqds gSa vkSj R;kx Hkh fd, gSa] futh m)kj ds ckjs esa dHkh lkspk Hkh ughaA 54- bl ckj uxkjk dks MkaMh ;k=k dh ;kn vkrh gS] ftlesa lHkh usrkvksa dks fxjQ~rkj djus ds ckn ljkstuh uk;Mw us usr`Ro lEHkkyk FkkA ml oDr ljkstuh th dk dguk Fkk fd vzaxzst ljdkj dqN Hkh djs fdruk Hkh ihVs mldk fojks/k ugha djuk pkfg,A ml oDr xkWa/kh th dk csVk Hkh mifLFkr jgs vkSj gj tkfr /keZ ds yksx ogkWa ns’k ds LojkT; ds fy, ukjs yxkrs FksA 55- bl ckj uxkjk dks MkaMh ;k=k dh ;kn vkrh gS] ftlesa lHkh usrkvksa dks fxjQ~rkj djus ds ckn ljkstuh uk;Mw us usr`Ro lEHkkyk FkkA ml oDr ljkstuh th dk dguk Fkk fd vzaxzst ljdkj dqN Hkh djs fdruk Hkh ihVs mldk fojks/k ugha djuk pkfg,A ml oDr xkWa/kh th dk csVk Hkh mifLFkr jgs vkSj gj tkfr /keZ ds yksx ogkWa ns’k ds LojkT; ds fy, ukjs yxkrs FksA 56- bl ?kVuk dks ;kn fnykrs gq, uxkjk nkjksxk dks le>kuk pkgkA ijarq nkjksxk mYVk uxkjk dks txg [kkyh djus ds fy, dgrk gSA 57- uxkjk Lok/khu Hkkjr esa yksxksa dks fcuk okjaV ds idMuk vkSj csotg ihVus ds f[kykQ vkokt mBkrk gS vkSj mudh dksf’k’ks vlQy gksus ij nq[k Hkh izdV djrs gSaA


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58- ;g lc gksus ds ckn uxkjk ?kj vkrk gS rks oanuk mldk bartkj djrh jgh FkhA mlus oanuk dks crk;k fd og vkt vkanksyu djusokyk Fkk neu vkSj vU;k; ds fo:)A 59- uxkjk us oanuk dks 11 ekpZ 1930 dh ?kVuk dks crkrk gS ml jkr iwjk vgenkckn ds yksx lkcjerh ds rV dh vksj py iMkA 60- lnkuan ,oa ljcrh cgu xkWa/kh th ls feyus x;s] ysfdu uxkj muls u fey ldk og vkJeokfl;ksa ls vyx gks x;kA 61- mlus lnkuan Lokfe ls eu gh eu izkFkZuk dh og tks dqN Hkh vkt gS mUgha ds dkj.k gS vkSj eu ugh eu mlus {kek ekWaxhA 62- 5 vizSy dks lR;kxzgh MkaMh igqWap x;s FksA MkaMh esa fLFkr ,d caxyk xkWa/kh th dh izrh{kk dj jgk FkkA xkWa/kh th dks i=dkjksa us ?ksjk gqvk FkkA og lksp jgs Fks fd xkWa/kh th ljdkj ds izfr dqN rh[kh ckr dgsaxsA ysfdu xkWa/khth ‘kkar Hkko ls pj[ks ls lwr dkV jgs FksA 63- uxkjk fQj vrhr dk ?ksjk rksMdj orZeku esa vk tkrk gS vkSj dgus yxrk gS fd oanuk fcfV;k dy gh N% rkjh[k gSA vc ;g dFkk dy gh lqukbZ tk,xhA 64- nwljs fnu cLrh esa [keks’kh ,slk dHkh ugha ns[kus dks feyrk FkkA uxkjk dks cLrh dwMs dpjs dk <sj yxrhA mls yxrk gS ,slh cLrh lekt dk fgLlk ugha gks ldrh gSA iwjh cLrh esa 2&3 yksx gh isij i<us okys FksA cLrh esa isij rc vkrk Fkk tc cLrh ls tqMh dksbZ [kcj Nih gksrh FkhA 65- uxkjk dks eulq[k us crk;k fd dkyh dh yqxkbZ cLrh NksM ds iDds edku esa tk jgh gSA fQj uxkjk vkSj eulq[k ds chp esa dkyh dks ysdj ckr gksrh gS fd la’k; dk ykHk nsdj tt lkgc dkyh dks llEeku NksM nsaxsA 66- dHkh dHkh uxkjk dks vkarfjd iFk izn’kZu dk vuqHko gksrk gSA rc og lnkuan Lokeh dh ckr ekuus yxrk Fkk fd og ek= nz ”Vk gS] mls dksbZ vkarfjd ‘kfDr pyk jgh gSA 67- uxkjk dk eu cspSu gks tkrk gSA og lksprk Fkk mlesa bruh ‘kfDr ugha gS fd og nwljksa dks vius lkFk ysdj vkxs c< lds] ftl y{; dks ysdj Lok/khurk pkgh Fkh] ml rd vkxs c< ldsA dnkfi ughaA 68- rHkh oanuk dk vkxeu gksrk gSA uxkjk us fiNys fnu dh tks ckr vk/kh jg xbZ Fkh] ogha ls izkjEHk djrk gSA


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69- uxkjk us oanuk dks crk;k fd og xkWa/kh dh j{kk djus es a iwjk l{ke Fkk og muds fy, tku Hkh ns ldrk FkkAA lR;kxzg izkjEHk djus dh ?kMh vkbZA eqV~Vh Hkj ued Fkk] xkWa/kh th dh eqV~Vh esa A ued ds ikou Li’kZ ls mudh varjkRek xn~xn~ gks mBh FkhA uxkjk Hkh muds lkFk mifLFkr FkkA 70- uxkjk vkSj oanuk ckr gh dj jgs Fks rHkh mUgsa /krqjh }kjk irk pyk fd cLrh gVkus ds fy, cqYMkstj vk;s gSaA vkSj og eksrh vkSj mldh iRuh dks ekj ihV jgs gSA 71- uxkjk cqYMkstj ds lkeu tkdj [kMk gks tkrk gSA vkSj cLrh okyksa dk eu VVksyuk pkgrk FkkA mlus mu yksxksa ls dqN le; ekWaxk cLrh ls tkus ds fy,A buds bl O;ogkj ls cLrh okys vk’p;Z pfdr FksA mlus ekrh vkSj mldh iRuh dks ikWap&ikWap lkS :i;s nsus ds fy, cksyrk gSA ftlls /krqjh [kq’k Fkh fd uxkjk bl ckj cLrh ds pDdj esa ugha iM jgk gSSA 72- nwljs fnu cLrh esa iapk;r cqyk;h tkrh gSA uxkjk dks cqykus ds fy, fdlh dks Hkst fn;k tkrk gSA lc dks ,Sls yxrk gS fd uxkjk ugha vk;sxsaA 73- /krqjh us uxkjk dks iapk;r tkus ls euk djrh gS vkSj og ogkWa tkus ls badkj dj nsrk gSA ysfdu ckn esa uxkjk ogkWa tkrk gSA 74- lcdk fu.kZ; Fkk fd cLrh ;gha jgsxh vkSj uxkjk ls mldk fopkj j[kus dks dgk x;kA ysfdu og Vky x;kA cLrh okys le> x, fd uxkjk muls vyx gks x;k gSA ysfdu lkjh cLrh dk eu uxkjk ds lkFk gks fy;k FkkA 75- blh chp cLrh esa vkx yx tkrh gS vkSj cLrh iwjh rjg tyus yxrh gSA 76- uxkjk dks /krqjh dh ;kn vkrh gSA og viuh >ksiMh dh vksj Hkkxrk gS 77- >ksiMh rd igqWapus ls igys gh muds flj ij izgkj gksrk gS & [kwu cgrk gSA 78- uxkjk Le`fr esa xkWa/kh ls ckrs djuk yxrk gSA tgkWa xkWa/kh th ued vkanksyu esa uxkjk dks fons’kh ljdkj vkSj viuh ljdkj dh [kkfl;r crkrs gSaA 79- xkWa/kh th ds dgus ij uxkjk djM+h xkWao dh ?kVuk dks ;kn djrk gSA tgkWa vaxzst ftyk/kh’k vk/kh jkr esa fugR;s vkSj nqcys&irys xkWa/kh th dks fxjQrkj djus ds fy, rhl lglz iqfylokyksa ds lkFk vkrk gSA xkWa/kh th fcuk fojks/k djrs gq, muds lkFk fudyrs gSaA


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80- ckn es vaxzst ljdkj us cMh csnnhZ ls lR;kxzfg;ksa dks ekjk&ihVk] ygwyqgku fd;k vkSj tsyksa esa BWawl fn;kA 81- bu ?kVukvksa dks ;kn djrs&djrs uxkjk csgks’k gks tkrk gSA 82- ikWaposa fnu uxkjk dh vkWa[k [kqyrh gSA gks’k vkrs gh /krqjh ds ckjs esa iwNrk gSA vkSj oanuk dks xkWa/kh th vaxzsth f’k”;k eSMfyu LysM ftudks xkWa/kh us ehjk csu dgrs Fks] le>us yxs FksA 83- uxkjk dks ns[kus eq[;eq=h ls ysdj lHkh eaf=x.k vkrs gSaA 84- MkWDVj dk dguk Fkk fd uxkjk fxjus dh otg ls NksV yxh vkSj /krqjh ?kj dks yxh vkx esa QWaldj ej x;hA 85- exj oanuk bl rF; dks vLohdkj djrs gq, dgrh gS fd /krqjh dks tkucw>dj tykdkj ekj Mkyh xbZ Fkh vkSj Bhd blh rjg uxkjk ds flj ij izgkj fd;k x;k FkkA 86-

ujkxk lR;kxzg vkanksyu dk Lej.k djrs&djrs xqt+j tkrs gSaA


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Anthim Satyagrahi  

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