SALAM ON HE WHO EXPLAINED THE MYSTERIES OF LIFE Borrowing Mahir’s words, let us pay obeisance to the noble soul whom Iqbal describes as “the knower of thoroughfares (of success), the last of messengers and the master of all”: ﺴﻼﻡ ﺍﺱ ﭘﺭ ﻜہ ﺠﺱ ﻨﮯ ﺯﻧﺩﮔﻰ ﻛﺎ ﺭﺍﺯ ﺴﻤﺟﻬﺎﻳﺎ Salam on him who explained the mysteries of life. It is a fact that no one has explained to us our life from cradle to grave - or in other Visit scribd.com/musarhad for words, our life from mother’s lap to that more articles on Islam. beneath the ground - in the manner the Holy Prophet ( )ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢhas done for us. If a person is able to comprehend the Holy Prophet’s noble guidelines regarding our life, then you may be sure his life is set to bloom and boom. There are different states, spheres and aspects of human life. Keeping them in view, we need to proceed and see – briefly but comprehensively – how the mysteries of life are explained and made clear. First of all look at the baby who has just stepped out of his mother’s womb into the outside world. The explainer of the mysteries of life, Prophet Muhammad ( )ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢtells us that there is no need to colour him in any hue (like the Christians who have a custom of bathing the infant in coloured water of a particular hue on the seventh day after the child’s birth. They believe that this rite turns the child into a Christian. This ritual is called “baptism”.). Instead, colour the child in Allah’s hue by bringing the reality of Faith inside him. Its external manifestation comes up in the rite of saying Azaan in the baby’s right ear and Iqama in his left ear. Then give him some name having good meaning. A name that denotes Allah’s servantship (like Abdullah and Abdur Rahman for boys, Amatullah and Amatur Rahman for girls) is highly preferable. Perform Aqeeqa also as it will protect the baby from normal evils and calamities. For boys do not miss Khatna too, as several benefits and advantages lay hidden in it. When the baby begins to speak something, then first of all teach him Allah’s name and the kalima of La Ilaha Illa Allah Muhammadur Rasoolullah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad (( ))ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢis Allah’s last prophet.). Then memorize him the second verse of Sura Al Furqan which beautifully sums up the complete creed of Tauheed (Monotheism).
ِ ض وﻟَﻢ ﻳـﺘ ِ ﻳﻚ ﻓِﻲ اﻟْﻤﻠ ِ ْﻚ َو َﺧﻠَ َﻖ ُﻛ ﱠﻞ َﺷ ْﻲ ٍء ٌ ﱠﺨ ْﺬ َوﻟَ ًﺪا َوﻟَ ْﻢ ﻳَ ُﻜﻦ ﻟﱠﻪُ َﺷ ِﺮ ُ اﻟﱠ ِﺬي ﻟَﻪُ ُﻣﻠ َ ْ َ ِ ْﻚ اﻟ ﱠﺴ َﻤ َﺎوات َو ْاﻷ َْر ُ ِ ﻓَـ َﻘﺪ ○ﻳﺮا َ ً ﱠرﻩُ ﺗَـ ْﻘﺪ
(Blessed is he) to whom belongs the dominion of the heaven and the earth. No son has He begotten, nor has He a partner in His dominion. It is He who created all things, and ordered them in due proportions. (Quran, 25:2)
2 When it is time for school education, then three kinds of education should not be neglected: (1) one which generates love and devotion in him towards the Holy Prophet ()ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢ, (2) which familiarizes him with the glory of the Holy Prophet’s family, the Holy Companions and the righteous men of all ages while introducing him to their Deeni servicesin the historical perspective, and (3) instructions in the Holy Quran in its broadest sense.Right from the beginning, inculcation of moral discipline should be given due importance. And when the child reaches the age of 7, the care and vigilance should intensify significantly. As far as education and guidance are concerned, the early age of the child holds great importance, so neglecting them at this stage is like purchasing “disaster” for him. The prophet who explained the secrets of life has encouraged education and schooling in every manner. In this matter, satisfying oneself on a few buds (of knowledge) is not appreciable. Here we come to listen the heart-pleasing call of “go on, march ahead”. One should also be prepared for journey to distant lands. We get the inspiration to march to “the worlds that lie beyond the stars”. We are motivated to throw up our ladder upon the Pleiades (Surayya) star cluster (the distant star clusters visible to the naked eye). One can achieve excellence in any kind of arts and sciences, but without forgetting Allah and one’s own essence. However, there must be some scholars in every Muslim population who have detailed knowledge of the Quran, the Hadith and the religious and Deeni sciences so that the study of the acceptable and the unacceptable, the lawful and the prohibited, the permissible and the forbidden, and the acts of Allah’s pleasure and His displeasure goes on with complete insight and dedication. Excellence should be achieved in the various languages for the purposes of preaching and guidance. In human life, economic independence is also necessary along with education. The instructions that we get from the blessed explainer of the mysteries of life ( ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ )ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢmake it clear that one should not be a hanger-on, dependent upon others for economic needs. One should keep away from bearing the ignominy of begging. For earning one’s livelihood, no permissible profession should be treated with contempt. Economic effort is also a part of persistent effort in Allah’s path. Certainly, one should desist from adopting unlawful and dishonest means of earning. Instead, the principle of truth and honesty should be followed in business dealings. As we know that poverty and destitution sometimes lead to Kufr (Unbelief), so we should be financially strong up to an appreciable extent. Once a suitable match is found, marriage should not be delayed whether the young adult is a boy or a girl. The wedding ceremony should be simple and in accordance with the Prophet’s Sunnah (Traditions) as per the noble Messenger’s declaration: the most blessed and virtuous marriage ceremony is one that involves less expense. Both the spouses should live with mutual tolerance and compassion, honouring each other’s sentiments, feelings and dispositions which will ensure a happy matrimonial life. Family relations should be pleasant. If somebody in the family wants to break off, then one should try to get closer to him. Cordial relations should be maintained with all relations keeping in view the differences in their status. One should always remember that the Paradise lies beneath the mother’s feet (i.e., in her service and obedience) and that the
3 father is the gateway of the Paradise. One should learn the rights of the children. Recognising the rights of neighbours is a symbol of Faith. A person who eats a full meal while his neighbour remains hungry can not be a (true) Believer. A person whose neighbours are not safe from his mischief and troubles can also not be a (sincere) Believer. Faith also that demands that a guest be treated with hospitality and a teacher with due respect as it opens the doors of knowledge, and brings to his lot divine guidance in plenty. The Believer with the perfect faith is the one whose conduct is the best and whose behaviour with his family-members is the best. One should make a habit to treat others well when they are friendly and in case they are ill-behaved, then also one must not be unjust to them. Friendship and enmity with a person should be for Allah’s sake alone. A person who supports another in spite of knowing that the latter is an oppressor, in a way, he gets out of the boundaries of Islam. Backbiting, spying on one another, spreading rumours, making baseless allegations, derision and ridicule: all these behaviours create cracks in the wall of mutual relations. There is no faith in the person who is not trustworthy. That person is faithless who is not true to his words. Modesty and bashfulness are also organs of Faith. A Believer cannot be one who taunts or curses nor can he be foulmouthed or impudent. He keeps others safe from the harms of his tongue and hands. What to say of throwing garbage and placing obstacles on the road, he in fact removes the inconvenience-causing objects from the path. Tale-bearing is not a habit of his and his heart is devoid of any malice. Like a date-tree, the complete being of a Believer benefits others. A true Believer is one whom no one fears regarding his life, belongings and reputation. A true Faithful endures his sufferings with sabr (firmness) and thanks Allah in happy times over His favours. He remains satisfied and uncomplaining in times of difficulty and comfort, and in days of scarcity and plenty and keeps his bond with Allah strong. When he receives Allah’s favours, he does not become arrogant nor does he get disappointed when he is deprived of some favours. He keeps away from selfconceit and ill-will. He is not cruel in mutual dealings; instead he is compassionate and forgiving. He prefers peace and truce over war. He finds the essence of life in reconciliation and settlement of differences. He knows that the root and basis of unity and harmony is modesty. Humility makes, while vanity spoils a work. Simplicity is an important and valuable trait of man. Affectedness and mannerism disfigure the reality and damage human personality. The best human is the one who benefits others, knowing well that the purpose of meeting the needs of a hungry, thirsty or sick person is to get closer to Allah. A person who provides somebody with his requirements has Allah as supplier of his needs: in this world as well as in the everlasting life. Lightening up a person in his smaller misfortune leads to relief from Allah in one’s own bigger calamities in this world and the Hereafter. Taking care of widows, supporting orphans, assisting indigents, career counselling, economic guidance and financial sponsorship are all good deeds which win the certificate of Allah’s Pleasure for the doer. One should always be honest in all his dealings as taking recourse to fraud annoys Allah and deprives him of Divine help. Allah’s mercy turns away from a person who engages in financial cheatings. This brings about disgrace in this world and ruin in the Hereafter. The money earned through taking interest, accepting
4 bribes and committing theft, robbery and deception are unlawful and forbidden. Sex outside marriage and consuming alcohol or other intoxicants are to be strictly avoided. Lapsing into these evils spoils one’s wealth, ruins his health, destroys the emotional wellbeing, and makes the Hell with all its horrors lie in wait for him. The prophet who unravelled the mysteries of life also explained that neatness, tidiness and cleanliness of the body and garments together make up half of the (excellence of) faith. A sincere believer keeps his house, veranda, terrace and the entire surroundings neat and tidy. In our age, hundreds of programs and schemes are being employed to save the environment. However, the prophet who grasped the meaning of life has already put forth various instructions in a number of ways to improve the environment which are matchlessly effective. They can serve as a topic of research for a research scholar. A tradition of the Holy Prophet ( )ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢelucidates that every disease has a cure and that the Creator has created a remedy for all ills. That cure can be found out through research and study which is the job of men of each and every age. The Prophetic therapy is in itself a separate branch of learning which contains countless intellectual and practical bases for medical treatment. A number of his teachings suggest that the fountains of science and research should continue to run their springheads and should never be allowed to dry up. Agriculture, business, gardening (horticulture), irrigation, truthfulness and objectivity in mass media, light, saddle animals, animalbreeding, constructions, art and craft, technology, military and combat skills in times of need, scientific way of thinking, civil administration and so on: the one thing common in all these disparate and unrelated subjects is that the Holy Prophet ( )ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢhas enlightened us with his guidance on all these matters at one instance or the other, specifically or figuratively. The study of the Prophetic guidance on each of the above subjects can serve as the vision-enhancing kohl which also bestows with prevision and foresight. His noble quotes tell us that poetry is nothing less than magic in its effects and that some verses contain words of wisdom and prudence. However the vases of literature and poetry should not be fouled with the incorporation of atheistic, irrational or unrealistic views and ideologies. A preacher and orator should be highly responsible, realistic and judicious. Regarding an irresponsible and mischief-mongering public speaker the Holy Prophet ( )ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢhas a terrible warning that on the Day of Judgement, his tongue and lips will be cut with scissors. With the ardour and fervour of worship, one should energise his soul and build up his Hereafter. The lord and the servant, the ruler and thee subject should completely carry out their obligations so that the situation of one side complaining and the other going on strike does not arise. The criterion for honour and privilege is piety, and not the lineage or ancestry or family background. National, regional, linguistic, colour-based and racial pride and haughtiness bring ruin and destruction to the country and the society. The lessons of brotherhood and equality need to be propagated. For every occasion and event, the Holy Prophet ( )ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢhas given us some rules and etiquettes which if duly observed bring comfort, blessings and harmony to our life. There are duas (litanies) for the morning and the evening, the day and the night whose proper observance strengthen man’s relations with Allah and illuminate his good deeds. One should go to bed early in the night so that he is able to get up at dawn and visit the Creator’s noble court before sun
5 rise and then begin his daily chores. Engaging in useless conversations at night and chattering pointlessly in the day in effect puts to sleep one’s fortune and subjects it to Allah’s wrath. Whatever be one’s stage in life, he should spend it responsibly and ambitiously. The prophet who unravelled the mysteries of life has set the daily routine for a wise person thus: (1) he should communicate with Allah (through worship and deeds of piety); (2) scrutinize himself and have a review of his acts; (3) contemplate over Allah’s creation; and (4) take out time for eating and drinking. The holy prophet’s instructions also shed light on the extraordinary importance of time. Not a moment of it should be wasted away. The prophet who spelled out the mysteries of life says, “My Lord has given me ten commands: (1) to fear Allah in public and in solitude, (2) to say just and right words in pleasure as well as in anger, (3) to be steadfast on the path of moderation in poverty as well as in prosperity, (4) to associate with the person who dissociates himself, (5) to gift him who deprives me, (6) to forgive him who oppresses me, (7) my silence should be the silence for contemplation, (8) my speech should be the speech of God’s remembrance, and (9) my vision should be the vision of realization. Once the holy Prophet’s paternal cousin, son-in-law and fourth Caliph Hazrat Ali ( )ﺭﺿﻲ ﷲ ﻋﻨﻪasked him how his life was. The glorious messenger replied: (1) knowledge is my working capital, (2) intellect is the root of my faith, (3) love is my base, (4) enthusiasm is my vehicle, (5) Allah’s remembrance is my close friend, (6) faith in Allah is my treasure, (7) the grief and sorrow of my heart is my companion, (8) learning is my weapon, (9) forbearance (sabr) is my garment, (10) pleasure is my war-prize, (11)humility is my pride, (12) asceticism is my profession, (13) belief is my diet, (14) truth is my friend, (15) obedience is my honour and shield, (16) the holy Jihad is my habit, and (17) my eyes find relief and coolness in Namaz. Lastly, turn to a very important truth of life, the belief in which guarantees a person success and triumph, grants success to his individual as well as social life, and purges the society of all social and collective ills. This noble truth is the idea of life after death. In his early preaching days, the Holy Prophet ()ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﱠﻢhad followed Allah’s glorification with this message to the servants of Allah: “By God, you have to die life) just as you awake, and you -just as you sleep, then you are sure to arise (in the after nt. You will get generous rewards for good deeds and will certainly be brought to accou just punishment for evil acts and then you will be in the Gardens or in the Hell forever.” When we had entered the court of the prophet who explained the mysteries of life, the heart –espect. Now as we get up from his noble court we had saluted him with due r –sincerely desires not to take leave, it alone knows with what heavy heart we are leaving let us once again borrow Mahir’s words to salute the holy being with due respect and :reverence ﺴﻼﻡ ﺍﺱ ﭘﺭ ﻜہ ﺠﺱ ﻨﮯ ﺯﻧﺩﮔﻰ ﻛﺎ ﺭﺍﺯ ﺴﻤﺟﻬﺎﻳﺎ Salam on him who explained the mysteries of life. While returning home from his noble and blessed assembly, with the heart and mind filled with sweet fragrance, on the way the eyes caught sight of the Prophet’s ardent
6 admirer and devotee Nawab Bahadur Yaar Jang addressing a function on the Life of the holy Prophet in his inimitable style. During the speech when the Nawab recited his couplet overflowing with love and devotion, it got into the depth of the heart through the ears; and when the heart and the tongue got connected, the tongue went on repeating this very couplet till the body reached home. It had a flavour which would not diminish and an ecstasy which doubled on every recital: ﻭﺍﻗﻒِ ِﺳﺮﱢ ﻋﺎﻟَﻤﻰ,ﺍے ﻛہ ﺗﻮ ﻓﺨ ِﺭ ﺁﺩﻤﻰ ﻟﻮﺡ ﻮ ﻗﻟﻡ ﺴﮯ ﺒﮯ ﻨﻳﺎﺯ ﺗﻳﺮے ﻋﻟﻭﻡِ ﺷﺶ ﺟﮩﺎﺕ O Pride of humanity, the knower of the mystery of the world, Free of the need of the tablet and the pen, your learning is six-faceted.