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Volume 13 Issue 337 Rajab 21, 1434 AH / May 31, 2013 - $1

RELIGIOUS RIOTS SHAKE EASTERN MYANMAR FOR SECOND DAY

Religious riots shook eastern Myanmar for a second day yesterday with one man hacked to death and four injured, a top official said, after an orphanage and mosque were burnt down. Police fired warning shots to disperse rioters after the fresh Buddhist-Muslim clashes in the town of Lashio in Shan state, according to presidential spokesman Ye Htut. “The deceased was hacked to death with a knife,” Ye Htut told AFP, adding that the security forces were taking action to halt the unrest. Several episodes of religious violence have exposed deep rifts in the Buddhist-majority country. Residents said mobs armed with sticks were roaming the streets of Lashio looking for Muslims on Wednesday, while an AFP reporter

saw two houses ablaze. A local hospital confirmed it had received four injured men, all Buddhists. A 48-year-old Muslim man was arrested over that incident, in which the 24-year-old woman suffered burns but was not in serious condition, according to state broadcaster MRTV. A Muslim orphanage, a mosque and several shops were destroyed by rioters, a different government official said, requesting anonymity. Ye Htut, who earlier appealed for calm, posted pictures of police making arrests in the town yesterday as they tried to quell a second eruption of violence that he said saw “conflict from both sides.” “The security forces are taking action against people who are involved in the violence in order to stop the fighting in Lashio,” he

Buddhists armed with sticks patrol the town of Lashio, northern Shan State, Myanmar, on Wednesday. (AFP)

said. Fear rippled through the streets yesterday, with terrified Muslim residents describing a 30-strong group of men with weapons on motorcycles cruising Lashio and shouting anti-Muslim slogans. The residents said there was not enough security in the town. “Almost all Muslims are trying to stay in safe places.... we don’t

know how we are going to get through the night,” one resident said by telephone, asking not to be named. He said the mob of bikers was threatening to “kill any Muslims they see on the road.” Religious unrest in the former army-ruled nation has caused global alarm. US President Barack Obama last week voiced “deep con-

cern” about anti-Muslim attacks, during a landmark visit to Washington by President Thein Sein. Nyan Win, a spokesman for opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, said the party believed outsiders were whipping up the violence in Lashio. Source: Arabnews

US SOLDIER TO PLEAD GUILTY TO AFGHAN MASSACRE

The U.S. Army staff sergeant charged with killing 16 villagers in one of the worst atrocities of the Afghanistan war will plead guilty to

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avoid the death penalty in a deal that requires him to recount the horrific attack for the first time, his attorney told The Associated Press. Robert Bales was “crazed” and “broken” when he slipped away from his southern Afghanistan outpost in March 2012 and attacked mud-walled compounds in two sleeping villages nearby, lawyer John Henry Browne said Wednesday. But his client’s mental state didn’t rise to the level of a legal insanity defence, Browne said. The Army had been trying to have Bales executed, and Afghan villagers have demanded it. In interviews with the AP last month, relatives of the victims

became outraged at the notion Bales might escape the death penalty. “For this one thing, we would kill 100 American soldiers,” vowed Mohammed Wazir, who had 11 family members killed that night, including his mother and 2-year-old daughter. Most of the victims were women and children, and some of the bodies were piled and burned. The killings drew such angry protests that the U.S. temporarily halted combat operations in Afghanistan. It was three weeks before U.S. investigators could reach the crime scenes. Any plea deal must be approved by the judge as well as the com-

manding general at the U.S. base where Bales is being held. A plea hearing is set for June 5, said Lt. Col. Gary Dangerfield, an Army spokesman. He said he could not immediately provide other details. “The judge will be asking questions of Sgt. Bales about what he did, what he remembers and his state of mind,” said Browne, who told the AP the commanding general has already approved the deal. A sentencing-phase trial is set for September. Browne previously indicated Bales remembered little from the night of the massacre.

Continued on pg 3

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

A D V E R T I S E R


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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

P A K I S T A N

Nawaz says won’t stay in PM House LAHORE: Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) President and prime minister in waiting Nawaz Sharif has decided not to stay in Prime Minister House while the federal cabinet will only consist of 26 ministers. According to the PML-N sources, Nawaz Sharif has also decided to keep a smaller protocol convoy for traveling. Sources further added that important decisions were taken during a meeting of PML-N presided over by its chief Nawaz Sharif. The meeting further decided that the Punjab government will not have more than 32 ministers. Source: The News

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Foreign Office and PTI condemn latest drone attack

The Pakistan Foreign Office and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Wednesday strongly condemned the latest US drone strike in North Waziristan, in which unofficial reports claimed that six people were killed, including Waliur Rehman, the number two of the Pakistani Tehrik-eTaliban. The attack, which took place in Miramshah’s area of Chashma village, comes just after the recently-held general elections and at a time when lawmakers in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa went in to take oath as parliamentarians. “Pakistan expresses serious concerns over the US drone attack that occurred in North Waziristan on May 29, 2013. Pakistan has consistently maintained that the drone strikes are counter-productive, entail loss of innocent civilian lives, have human rights and humanitarian implications and violate the principles of national sovereignty, territorial integrity and international law,” the spokesman at the Foreign Office said in a statement. This latest strike comes soon after President Barack Obama announced a new policy for the drone strikes rais-

ing hopes that there would be more transparency over the attacks deep inside a sovereign state, which invariably causes ‘collateral’ damage, killing unarmed women, children and men. The Foreign Office, reacting to Obama who had not spoken of ending these strikes, had said: “Pakistan has consistently maintained that the drone strikes are counterproductive, entail loss of innocent civilian lives, have human rights and humanitarian implications and violate the principles of national sovereignty, territorial integrity and international law.” Earlier, prime minister-elect Mian Nawaz Sharif had also raised his voice against these air strikes, saying that his government would raise the issue in talks with Washington.The PTI, which is now ready to form the government in Khyber Pakhtukhwa, has been consistently and vehemently opposed to these deadly strikes. “Obama had committed to no drones without Pakistan government’s consultation. Drones are illegal, against human rights and violation of Pakistan’s sovereignty! Unacceptable, (PTI) strongly condemns the drone attack in NWA again, especially just before new provincial and central governments are sworn in,” PTI Chairman Imran Khan tweeted. His Central Information Secretary, Dr Shireen Mazari, told The News that the PTI would continue to reassert its total rejection on grounds on international law, sovereignty, and attacks, which are counter to human rights. “These drone attack, just before the Khyber Pakhtunkwa Assembly members were to be sworn in, was a hostile act signalling continuing US unilateralism and targeting of Pakistanis,” said Mazari. She added that this was unacceptable and deserves a strong response from the new government at the Centre since foreign policy was under the Centre.“But not by using the usual diplomatic protest. We need to have an unambiguous counter signal made to the US to show them the new government means what it says on drones,” she said. Source: The News

Allocation for defence likely to be raised

The finance ministry has finalised the federal expenditure estimates for the next fiscal year, envisaging Rs171 billion for pension and retirement benefits, Rs627bn for defence services and Rs313bn for subsidies and miscellaneous expenses. The allocation for defence services is 15 per cent more than the Rs545bn allocated in the current financial year’s budget. Besides, an allocation of Rs33bn has been made for civil armed forces, Rs4bn more than the current year’s Rs29bn. This will be in addition to Rs6.3bn for the Frontier Constabulary, Rs1.5bn for the Pakistan Coast Guards, Rs14.5bn for Pakistan Rangers and Rs8.7bn for the interior ministry. The Airport Security Force will get Rs3.66bn. The allocation for subsidies and miscellaneous expenditures has been put at Rs313bn, 32.7 per cent less than Rs465bn in the current year. The allocation for superannuation allowances and pensions has been estimated at Rs171.2bn — an increase of 32.5pc over current year’s Rs129bn. Allocations for grant in aid and other adjustments between federal and provincial governments have been estimated at Rs87.4bn — up 3.6pc from this year’s Rs84.3bn. Even though incoming prime minister Nawaz Sharif has announced that he will reduce expenditures, including those on his security and protocol, the ministry has increased the allocation for the

prime minister’s secretariat by about 22pc to Rs853 million. About 18pc increase has been proposed for cabinet’s expenses and the allocation for cabinet division’s expenses has been jacked up by about 43pc to Rs4.7bn. This will be in addition to about Rs6.5bn for ‘other expenses’ of the division. The allocation for atomic energy has been proposed to be increased by 17pc to Rs6.3bn and capital administration by 56pc to Rs14bn. The allocation for the commerce division has been kept unchanged at about Rs5bn, but that for the communications division has been increased by about 8pc to Rs6.6bn. While the allocation for the finance division has been proposed to be increased by about 26pc to Rs18.26bn, the amount for the Planning Commission has been scaled down by 11pc to Rs968m. The allocation for the Higher Education Commission has been proposed to be increased to Rs39bn from current year’s Rs32bn. The allocation for Pakistan Post has been increased to about Rs15bn from Rs12.8bn. An allocation of Rs2.5bn has been made for the National Assembly and Rs1.35bn for the Senate. An amount of Rs14bn has been earmarked for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, compared with Rs12.5bn this year. The government has estimated next year’s development budget at about Rs450bn, compared with the current year’s Rs360bn.

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

I N T E R N A T I O N A L

Opposition calls on Harper to answer for ongoing Senate scandal

The Opposition demanded Monday that Prime Minister Stephen Harper answer questions in the House of Commons about the ongoing Senate expense scandal, including the $90,000 payment from his chief of staff to Sen. Mike Duffy to pay back the senator’s ineligible housing expenses. Harper, back from a trade trip to Latin America, did not appear for question period, leaving Heritage Minister Scott Moore to defend the government. NDP Leader Thomas Mulcair said Harper attacked then-prime minister Paul Martin for pleading ignorance about the sponsorship scandal, and asked why Harper appeared to be doing the same. “There we go with the Conservative playbook. Plan A is to hide out in South America. Plan B is to blame the Opposition. Why do they not try Plan C, which is to start telling Canadians the truth?” Mulcair asked. “For the Conservatives it is business as usual. Does the prime minister think it is business as usual for a Senator to defraud taxpayers? Is it business

as usual to give a $90,000 payout? Dodging questions about political payouts was shameful when Paul Martin did it. Why does the prime minister think it is just business as usual today?” Moore responded by calling on the NDP to support the Conservatives’ efforts at Senate reform. “We have legislation for Senate elections and legislation for term limits. Even the idea of abolishing the Senate requires a mandate from the Supreme Court to understand the mandate capacity of the House of Commons, which is what we have done. However, the NDP are even against that,” Moore said. The prime minister has not faced the Opposition in the House since the scandal broke two weeks ago. However, while in Peru last week, Harper told reporters that he only learned of the $90,000 cheque from Nigel Wright to Duffy when it was reported by CTV’s Ottawa Bureau Chief Robert Fife. He apologized for the conduct of some parliamentarians and office staffers, and said he never would have

approved such a deal had he known about it. Harper’s staff said he would be attending question period on Tuesday. On Monday, Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau said his party was moving a motion calling on the House Ethics Committee to “study the scandal facing the PMO and to offer the prime minister and Nigel Wright an opportunity to bring transparency to this issue.” Moore replied that the committee is already probing the issue, “as is the Ethics Commissioner, as is the Senate office of ethics, and that is where these matters will be addressed.” The Conservatives killed the Liberals’ motion. Moore also criticized Trudeau’s recent comments on Senate reform, in which he told a Quebec newspaper of his opposition to abolishing the upper house. He noted that Quebec has more seats than Alberta and British Columbia. “We have 24 senators from Quebec and there are just six from Alberta and six from British Columbia,” Trudeau said according to the newspaper report. “That’s to our ad-

vantage.” Trudeau told reporters that he did not regret making the comments, saying he was merely stating a fact, not opinion, about the “numerical reality of the Senate and the challenges around reforming it.” Trudeau added: “I am a Quebecer and from time to time when I am speaking with Quebecers I might use the word ‘we.’ However, in my choices of policy, in my approach to this country, I have always spoken for and to and with all Canadians and I will continue to.” Trudeau is opposed to the NDP’s notion of abolishing the Red Chamber, and instead is calling for an elected Senate. Source: CTV News

Washington state bridge collapse could affect business, trade up and down West Coast

For farmers, business owners and government officials up and down the West Coast, Washington’s bridge collapse on Interstate 5 represents much more than a close brush with tragedy. As much as $20 billion in freight travels to and from Canada and along the busy north-south corridor each year. People in Canada won’t go hungry if no Washington apples are trucked to them. But the American apple farmers may feel a pinch, said Don Alper, director of the Border Policy Research Institute at Western Washington University in Bellingham, about 30 kilometres north of the Skagit River. “It’s a huge commercial artery,” Alper said. “If things happen to it, it can have huge economic ramifications.” Gov. Jay Inslee announced a plan Sunday to have temporary spans installed across the Skagit River in three weeks that would be able to handle cargo trucks, but the remaining spans must clear inspection before that work can begin. In the meantime, alterna-

tive routes around the bridge that collapsed Thursday will slow freight significantly. Shippers can change their plans and ship by rail, air or water, but those options are more expensive and could have different economic impacts on the region. “Containers might be diverted from the Port of Seattle or the Port of Oakland to Vancouver,” Alper said, referring to Vancouver, B.C. “But I think it’s too early to really go down that path.” On Monday, crews began removing the mangled steel, crumpled pavement and cars that fell into the river when the bridge collapsed. The Washington Department of Transportation said the fallen section has to be removed before final inspection of the spans still standing can begin. The Canadian border north of Bellingham is the nation’s fourth busiest land border port of entry to the north. Agriculture products, lumber, lumber-related products and manufactured goods related to aircraft dominate the freight crossing this Washington-Can-

ada border. Many of the goods crossing that border stay in Washington state, and some stop before the collapsed bridge. But close to $10 billion in freight involves business as far away as California and Mexico, Alper estimated. “The significance of this border up here is a big deal not just for our state and the region, but it’s a big deal for the entire U.S.-Canada trading relationship,” he said. Tourism south of the border also might be affected, with Canadian drivers opting not to travel to Seattle, or further south to Oregon and California. Alper predicted shopping malls south of the bridge may be hurt at least temporarily. Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., said she is working with the Obama administration to get freight and shoppers moving again on I-5. “We are working extremely hard to do everything we can to help make this extremely important corridor is fixed as soon as possible,” she said. In the meantime, she encouraged people to “come and shop” in

the Burlington-Mount Vernon area. Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., noted that when I-5 was closed for four days through Centralia a few years ago because of flooding, it cost the economy $47 million. Of the 71,000 vehicles that cross the Skagit River bridge daily, an estimated 12 per cent is commercial traffic, Cantwell said. “It’s so important to the local economic activity, and to the economic activity of our region,” she said. Staff members in Rep. Suzan DelBene’s office, whose district starts on the north end of the Skagit River bridge, shared some more data concerning the economic impact of the bridge collapse. In 2012, nearly 1.9 million Canadian vehicles crossed that bridge. Those numbers have increased significantly since 2001, with Canadian traffic coming south more than doubling during that time. Source: Vancouver Sun

Retailers back Bangladesh factory safety pact Police say opposition activists have set off homemade bombs and damaged several vehicles in Bangladesh’s capital as they launched a general strike demanding resignation of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina before general elections, which are due early next year. Police official Monirul Islam said no one had been injured in Sunday’s incidents, and more than 10,000 security forces were deployed

USA : Continued from pg 1 But as further details and records emerged, Bales began to remember what he did, the lawyer said, and he will admit to “very specific facts” about the shootings. Browne would not elaborate on what his client will tell the judge. Bales had been drinking contraband alcohol and snorting Valium that was provided to him by another soldier and had been taking steroids before the attack. Testimony at a hearing last year estab-

in the face of massive protests. Many stores and schools were closed in Dhaka and few vehicles were plying the roads, following a call by an alliance of 18 opposition parties for a nationwide dawn-to-dusk shutdown. The opposition wants Hasina to hand over power to a nonpartisan caretaker administration before the elections, set for January 2014. The government says the demand is unconstitutional.

lished that Bales returned to his base between attacking the two villages, woke up a fellow soldier and confessed. The soldier didn’t believe him and went back to sleep, and Bales left again to continue the slaughter. Browne said his client, who was on his fourth combat deployment, was suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and a traumatic brain injury. He continued to blame the Army for sending him back to war in the first place. “He’s broken, and we broke him,” Browne said. The massacre raised questions about

The opposition says polls under Hasina’s government would not be free or fair. Al Jazeera’s Jona Hull, reporting from Dhaka, said that general strikes are a common opposition tactic in Bangladesh. “There have been a total of 30 general strikes this year alone as a form of political protest by the opposition against the government in the run up to the election,” he said. “The Bangladesh National Party staged the strike

the toll multiple deployments were taking on U.S. troops. For that reason, many legal experts believed it that it was unlikely that he would receive the death penalty. The military justice system hasn’t executed anyone since 1961. The defence team, including military lawyers assigned to Bales, eventually determined after having him examined by psychiatrists that he would not be able to prove any claim of insanity or diminished capacity at the time of the attack, Browne said. Browne acknowledged the plea deal could

because they want to see the release of their members held in police custody. They also want to see the lifting of a ban on protest gatherings and demonstrations.” “But key and central to their demands in the very tense pre-election period is they want to see the ruling Awami League party give up power to a neutral non-party, a caretaker government and to oversee free and fair elections.” Source: Al-Jazeera

inflame tensions in Afghanistan and said he was disappointed the case has not done more to focus public opinion on the war. “It’s a very delicate situation. I am concerned there could be a backlash,” he said. “My personal goal is to save Bob from the death penalty. Getting the public to pay more attention to the war is secondary to what I have to do.” Source: CBC News


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I N T E R N A T I O N A L

EU lifts arms embargo African leaders on Syrian rebels accuse ICC of ‘race hunt’ European foreign ministers have lifted an arms embargo on Syria, paving the way for individual EU member states to provide weapons to the Syrian rebels. The foreign ministers met in Brussels on Monday to bridge their differences over the issue, with Britain and France pushing to allow European governments to deliver arms. After more than 12 hours of talks, EU governments failed to agree on extending the arms embargo, which effectively ends the EU’s ban on supplying arms to the rebels, British Foreign Secretary William Hague said. “We have brought to an end the arms embargo on the Syrian opposition,” Hague said after the inconclusive talks, adding that Britain had no immediate plans to send arms to Syria. “This was the outcome that the United Kingdom wanted. It was a difficult decision for some countries, but it was necessary and right to re-

inforce international efforts to reach a diplomatic solution to the conflict in Syria,” Hague said in a statement. “It was important for Europe to send a clear signal to the Assad regime that it has to negotiate seriously, and that all options remain on the table if it refuses to do so. Tonight EU nations have done just that.” He said EU member states would reassert all other existing EU sanctions on Syria. Austrian Foreign Minister Michael Spindelegger confirmed that the EU failed to reach an agreement on the arms embargo. “I regret that after long talks it was not possible to find a compromise with the UK and France,” Spindelegger told reporters. Austria, Sweden, Finland and the Czech Republic are extremely reticent about pouring more arms into Syria, saying relaxing the arms embargo would only lead to more violence. Adib Shishakly, a Syria National Council representative, said obtaining weapons from the EU would be crucial for the rebels. “(I hope) each individual European country in the EU will take their own action and support the Syrian people in protecting themselves. This is a must. We cannot wait. The next meeting date is in August. We are

losing lives every day, we just cannot wait anymore.” The regime of President Bashar al-Assad has been using extensive firepower against lightly armed rebel factions. More than 94,000 people have died since the uprising against Assad’s regime erupted in March 2011, according to the latest UN figures. Both sides have agreed in principle to enter direct talks in the Swiss city of Geneva next month, backed by both the US and Russia. Nations who back arming of the opposition say it would create a level playing field that would force Assad into a negotiated settlement. “It is important to show we are prepared to amend our arms embargo so that the Assad regime gets a clear signal that it has to negotiate seriously,’’ Hague said ahead of Monday’s meeting. The date, agenda and list of participants for the socalled Geneva 2 conference remain unclear, and wide gaps persist about its objectives. The opposition Syrian National Coalition, which has been meeting in the Turkish city of Istanbul since Thursday, has yet to reach an official position on the peace initiative. Source: Al-Jazeera

Rights activists criticize 2-child limit for Muslim Rohingya

Myanmar’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has condemned a policy to limit Muslim Rohingya families to two children. The policy, put forth by a district government on Monday, dates back to 1994, but does not appear to have been enforced until recent weeks. It does not apply to Buddhists and comes amid accusations of ethnic cleansing. “They shouldn’t discriminate. This is against human rights,” said Suu Kyi, adding that the policy is also illegal. The central government has not made any statement about the two-child policy since Rakhine state authorities quietly enacted the measure a week ago. An estimated 800,000 Rohingya live in Rakhine state in the west of Myanmar, and are considered illegal immigrants from Bangladesh by the Buddhist-majority in the country. Nobel laureate Suu Kyi has been criticised for not speaking up for their rights, even after clashes between Muslims and Buddhists in Rakhine state last year in which at least 192 people were killed and 140,000 lost their homes. Most of the victims were Rohingya and many remain in camps they are

not allowed to leave. Nyan Win, a spokesman for Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party, told Reuters news agency that the government should amend a 1982 law that bars Rohingya from citizenship. “If they have the right to be citizens, most of the problems will be solved,” he said. Win said the law should be amended even if that was opposed by Rakhine Buddhists. China has a one-child policy, but it is not based on religion and exceptions apply to minority ethnic groups. The Arakan Project, an organisation that lobbies for the rights of Rohingya, said in a 2012 report that the two-child policy

was not enforced after it was introduced 19 years ago. A commission appointed to look into last year’s violence recommended in an April 29 report that if the government went ahead with a proposed family planning programme, it should “refrain from implementing non-voluntary measures which may be seen as discriminatory or that would be inconsistent with human rights standards”. A senior immigration official, using the term “Bengali” for Rohingya that is widely used by Buddhists, said authorities in Maungdaw District have decided to enforce the directive “following the recommendations in the report”. “Under this directive, Bengali men are allowed to have only one wife and each married couple can have two children. Where there are more than two children, they are considered illegal,” he said, speaking on condition of anonymity. “As far as I know, there are also plans, according to the recommendations, to encourage Muslim women to go to school and to educate them on the benefits of restricting family size.” Source: Al-Jazeera

The African Union has accused the International Criminal Court (ICC) of targeting Africans on the basis of race as it called for an end to prosecution of Kenya’s president and his deputy over crimes against humanity. Hailemariam Desalegn, AU chairman and Prime Minister of Ethiopia, said at the close of a two-day summit of the 54-member bloc on Monday that African leaders had come to a consensus that the ICC process conducted in Africa was flawed. “The intention was to avoid any kind of impunity... but now the process has degenerated to some kind of race hunting,” he said, as the continental bloc ended its summit, held during its golden jubilee year. A resolution urged the ICC to stop upcoming trials of President Uhuru Kenyatta and Vice President William Ruto, who have been charged with crimes against humanity for their alleged roles in orchestrating deadly violence after 2007 elections that left more than 1,000 people dead. Many African leaders, as well as the AU, have said that the ICC unfairly targeted Africans, while ignoring war crimes suspects in other parts of the world. ICC spokesman Fadi El Abdallah said that the Hague-based court would not react to the AU resolution. The ICC said that it was not targeting Africa as a continent and that four out of eight situations under investigation in Africa were referred to the court by the countries themselves. It said that 34 African nations had ratified the ICC’s founding statute. The resolution passed by the ICC has no legal impact on ICC proceedings but significantly boosts Kenyatta’s standing on the continent. The Kenyan cases moved to the ICC after a failure to make headway in a domestic court, but the AU argued that reforms in Kenya, including a new constitution and revamped judiciary, meant it should now return to a domestic process. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, AU Commission chief, called the ICC a court of last resort and said now that Kenya had reformed its court, the trials should be left to that court. It is the first time the pan-African body has formally moved against the international court, even though Kenyatta is the second African leader to face trial after his Sudanese counterpart Omar al-Bashir. Amnesty International, the UKbased human-rights campaigner, has criticised the move and called it a “worrying attempt by the Kenyan authorities to avoid justice”. Amnesty International called on the 34 AU members who have signed the ICC’s founding Rome Statute, including Kenya, to protect the international justice mechanism they had committed to. Kenyatta and Ruto deny the charges and have agreed to co-operate fully with the ICC. Kenyatta’s trial was due to open on July 9 and a date for Ruto’s trial was expected to be set later this month. Ramtane Lamamra, security commissioner of the AU, said Africa remained committed to justice on the continent. “Africa is committed to fighting impunity, but fighting impunity is not exclusive through the ICC,” he said. Source: Al-Jazeera

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6 E D I T O R I A L ‘Significance of China’s Recent Indo Pak Visit’ Rajan 7, 1434 May 31, 2013

While on his four-nation tour, the Chinese (newly elected) Premier Li Keqiang first reached India for his three day visit, and then along with his team he left for his next stop over in Pakistan - followed by his continuing onward to Switzerland and Germany respectively. Besides signing new agreements and memorandum of understanding (MOU) on the soils of India and Pakistan, China showed its seriousness in resolving and overcoming the issues including the territorial ones. Since China is in a position to allow or disallow a permanent seat on the UN Security Council which India desperately craves for, India can’t exercise any option against China. Quite obviously, India has to play its cards cautiously within a tight manoeuvring space. Chinese unsupportiveness and India’s related discomfort level is understandable. However, Premier Li spoke in rosy terms of a “strategic partnership” between India and China. And despite the freshly resolved issue of “Depsang Valley,” maintenance of peace and tranquillity on the line of actual control (LAC) was on top of the agenda between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Premier Li. Obviously, if the disputed LAC remains unresolved, trade and economic ties can’t proceed further so qualitatively. A marvellous outcome of the meeting between two leaders was felt

when premier Li stressed on the need to work as regional and global partners. On the other hand, Pakistan and China as friendly neighbours have five decades long strategic partnership whereby both of them have always been willing to maintain a strong defence relationship. Li’s current visit is just a sign of goodwill as being a part of the ‘continuum’ to continue improving the bilateral relations. Furthermore, China’s offer to act as an arbiter in Kashmir dispute is a beautiful thing, yet it is dependent upon India’s acquiescence. Of course, a two-day visit made a lot of difference in terms of improvement of already existing political, economic and strategic relations between the two exemplary neighbours. China reaffirmed that its relationship with Pakistan was always a priority in its foreign policy and appreciated Pakistan’s long-term reliable support on issues concerning China’s core interests. In fact, the visit served as a solid reaffirmation and reinforcement of the commendable ties. At a special ceremony, Pakistan and china were signatory to several agreements of economic, social, political and strategic importance Thanks to Premier Li for having listed his cooperation in “power generation” on a priority basis. That should assist the incoming government of Pakistan to end the plague of severe load-shedding at the earliest to

let the wheels of industry move on without any further delay, so that Pakistan begins enjoying its economic revival. Furthermore, the friendly neighbours agreed to cement their strategic partnership as well as deepen comprehensive strategic cooperation in many areas. Premier Li called Pakistan “Iron Brother” implying that the ties between the two neighbours were on a sound and unshakeable footing. In Islamabad, he was pleased to declare that the agreement between the two countries would establish a common economic corridor. But India doesn’t seem to be too pleased with Li’s two-day visit to Pakistan that soon, but the fact of the matter is - the visiting dignitary emphasised that Beijing treated both as important neighbours. The gesture here is development of ties with India should not undermine its close traditional relationship with Pakistan. By the way, the Global Times, a tabloid run by the Chinese Communist Party wrote in an editorial last Thursday, “India must accept and adapt to the enviable friendship between China and Pakistan, which is not aimed at any third party and has no upper limit”. “China,” it said, “cannot scale down this relationship merely because of India’s feelings.” The editorial wrote further, “developing friendly cooperation with both India and Pakistan meets the inter-

ests of China, as well as the interests of the whole region.” Sadly, India has often put its full diplomatic pressure in an effort to stop the development of cooperation between Pakistan and China. On the contrary, Pakistan is never irked by any development of closer ties between China and India. But China’s involvement in projects in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, Chinese-assisted project for upgrading the Karakoram Highway, plans for a possible Railway link between the Xinjiang province and Pakistan usually make Indians angry. Even the announcement of a long-term project for the development of an “economic corridor” linking Pakistan with the central and western parts of China is not welcome by India. Gawadar port, highways and Railway links provide guarantee of economic prosperity to Pakistan while China will be taking advantage of a new alternative route for the supply of oil and gas from the Middle East. “The relationship between India and China has grown broader while the Sino-Pakistan relations have gained depth,” said the tabloid daily attached to the ruling Communist Party of China. There are other factors such as militancy in Baluchistan, in Karachi, the negative scenario of the upcoming “post withdrawal era” in Afghanistan and the region that need to be looked at in advance.

Letters & Opinions

Once Again BC Liberals!

Mehboob Hajee, Surrey British Columbians were fools to elect the Liberals yet again! They have shown they cannot keep their promises, they have raised the provincial debt, increased unemployment, increased MSP premiums, and now they have unfettered majority to do whatever they please. What can we expect until the next election? * More unemployment, more and more people leaving the province for better opportunities elsewhere * Desecration of the environment with the expansion of Coal exports, oil pipeline and is subsequent disasters, higher GHGs * MORE increases in taxes, user fees, premiums, etc * More favours for the rich, more kicks to the poor and needy There is a saying that we get the government we deserve; we cannot complain for whatever havoc CC ad her cronies unleash upon us. When will we learn?

Judges’ Grudge

Mian Intikhab Ahmed, Surrey Pakistan politics is taking new turns every day, somewhat fair elections have given a clear mandate to Pakistan Muslim league (N).Imran Khan’s PTI, have come forward as a new political force. Due to the fact Imran Khan was injured in an

unforeseen, accident, PTI could not do better in the federal elections, but they have emerged as a largest party in KPK. PPP is restricted to the Sindh province, and wiped out from other 3 provinces, MQM, vote bank did not increase, and they were unable to win the trust from the rest of Pakistan. Just before the general elections, Musharraf’s was put in the jail; purposely he was kept away from the national elections campaign. During his regime, Political parties have supported him, such as PML Q and MQM, JUI, theses parties did not do much to build an election alliance, with him to stop PML(N), to come into majority. Musharaf has been accused for the crime he did not committed, as a president of the Pakistan, he was supposed to maintain law and order, the writ of the nation, is fore and foremost priority for any government. He did whatever was required to keep law and order in the country. Ex-President Musharraf has been a victim of pre-planned conspiracy against him, some of the Judges who took oath under PCO, are trying to punish him. Few of the Judge’s, have deep rooted resentment against Ex-president of Pakistan, Only Musharraf trials, will not be a fair trial. They are trying to punish him with ill feelings. Judge’s Grudge, against him, has become an open truth. If President is going to be tried in the court of Law, there are too many faces, behind the scene; they should be brought to justice too.

Election in Pakistan!

R.C. Puri, Surrey As is plainly evident from the news pouring in from the various quarters of the news media the recently over and done with elections in Pakistan were indubitably far from fairness and transparency, as had been claimed earlier by the Chief Election Commissioner of the country. In even-handedness, he miserably disappointed the nation in discharging his statutory obligation of ensuring free and fearless poll, as is apparent the free-play of predisposition, gruesome incidents of every day bloodshed, broad daylight rigging and booth capturing by some of the participating political parties. An order of the High Court of Peshawar, banning for life General Pervez Musharraf from contesting the elections is virtually nothing short of blatant violation of the Constitution of Pakistan. Whatever the reason may be, he ought not to have been so callously ousted from the election arena. The ghastly killings and other incidents of brutality and unfortunately antinational outburst of Altaf Husain of MQM ought to have been taken notice of by the Chief Election Commissioner and the Apex Court in specific and they were duty bound to withhold the results of the so called polls in the city of Karachi and ordered the fresh elections. Mian Altaf Husain should have been put to the criminal trial for the offence of bifurcation the country

for the realization of his nefarious political objective. The most agonising feature is that even the army and judiciary watched such a hideous situation as the silent onlookers only and felt shyness to intervene into the matter to let the things happen in a far better legitimate way. It is also in the news that whereas 6.00 pm. was the time for the close of the elections, but the results at some of the places started pouring in at 5.00 pm. itself, which is glaringly contrary to the provisions of the election law. Hence, the Chief Election Commissioner and Higher Judiciary in Pakistan do affirmatively owe a cogent explanation to the nation for their attitude of illicit apathy towards the culmination of the most important democratic event of their country. Holding fresh elections in the entire Pakistan is not financially viable, nevertheless, it is equally imperative to order re-polling in those areas at least where the fair and transparent elections could not be held for any reason, especially those places where women were not permitted under threat to exercise their right of franchise. IMPORTANT NOTE: Letters to the editor do not reflect the opinion of the Miracle media group. We do not publish anonymous letters or the letters of the people who do not disclose their identity to ‘The Miracle.’ A writer can use a pen name or request ‘The Miracle’ to withhold his / her identity. Please include your daytime telephone number for the confirmation of your letter. We regret the inconvenience.

Nevertheless, China is a role model for the developing countries; is interested in a prosperously vibrant Pakistan. Certainly, Pakistan will be an emerging market for a large number of Chinese companies. Indeed an economically vibrant Pakistan will be contributive to geopolitical balance in South Asia. Despite the challenges, Pakistan and India should let the current window of opportunity stay open. With friendly environment, Pakistan, India and the entire region stand to gain a lot.

Waan laysa lil insani illa ma’ sa’aa That man can have nothing but what he strives for.

Meralce Media Group Inc.

Contact Info Mailing and Office Address 9160-136A Street Surrey BC. V3V 7Z8 Canada Fax: 604-582-7809 Founder: Nusrat Hussain Managing Editor: M. Naseer Pirzada Sub- Editors: Khadija, Misbah & Sabeeh Hon. Chief Editor & Urdu Editor Mohammad Rafiq Advertising: info@miraclenews.com Ph: 604-690-0400 Email: naseer@telus.net Editorial Board: Mr, Shums Jillani, Mr aslam Hayat, Mr.Azhar Syed, Mr. Shams Siddiqui, M.A.L. Naumani, Mr Tariq Mian Graphic Design: Design Team Copyright: 2001 Miracle Media Group Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in Canada Attention: The opinions express herein contain positions and viewpoints that are not necessary those of “The Miracle”. These are offered as a means for “The Miracle” to stimulate dialogue and discussion in our continuing mission of “Bringing Harmony To All The Communities.”

CONTENTS Editorial & Letters Int. News Local Politics Faith Articles Home and Garden Lifestyle Health Sports Urdu

6 4,5 10,11, 14 14,15 7 8 18 19 20 21 24-32

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

F A I T H Translation Of Sahi Muslim Book 20, Number 4491: It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr who said: I said to the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him): Messenger of Allah, will you not appoint me to a public office? He stroked my shoulder with his hand and said: Abu Dharr, thou art weak and authority is a trust. and on the Day of judgment it is a cause of humiliation and repentance except for one who fulfils its obligations and (properly) discharges the duties attendant thereon.

Isra and Miraj: The Miraculous Night Journey By: Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi Following is the translation of the first verse of chapter 17, AlIsraa, from the Quran that refers to this journey, followed by a detailed explanation of the verse by Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi. In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful Holy is He Who carried His servant by night from the Holy Mosque (in Makka) to the farther Mosque (in Jerusalem) - whose surroundings We have blessed - that We might show him some of Our signs 1. Indeed He alone is AllHearing, All-Seeing. (Quran 17:1) 1 This is a reference to the event known as Mi’raj (Ascension) and Isra’ (Night Journey). According to most traditions - and especially the authentic ones - this event took place one year before Hijrah. Detailed reports about it are found in the works of Hadith and Sirah and have been narrated from as many as twentyfive Companions. The most exhaustive reports are those from Anas ibn Malik, Malik ibn Sa’sa’ah, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari and Abu Hurayrah. Some other details have been narrated by ‘Umar, ‘Ali, ‘Abd Allah ibn Mas’ud, ‘Abd Allah ibn Abbas, Abu Sa’id al-Khudri, Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman, and ‘A’ishah among other Companions of the Prophet . The Quran here only mentions that the Prophet was taken from the Ka’bah to the mosque in Jerusalem, and specifies that the purpose of the journey was such that God might “show him some of His signs”. Beyond this, The Quran does not concern itself with any detail. However, according to Hadith reports, Gabriel took the Prophet at night from the Ka’bah to the mosque in Jerusalem on a buraq.* On reaching Jerusalem the Prophet along with other Prophets offered Prayers. (Al-Nasa’i, Sunan, K. al-Salah, ‘Bab Fard al-Salah wa Dhikr Ikhtilaf al-Naqilin...’ -Ed.) Gabriel then took him to the heavens and the Prophet met several great Prophets in different heavenly spheres. (See al-Nasa’i, Sunan, K. al-Salah, ‘Bab Fard al-Salah’ - Ed.) Finally, he reached the highest point in the heavens and was graced with an experience of the Divine Presence. On that occasion the Prophet received a number of directives including that Prayers were obligatory five times a day. (Al-Bukhari, K. Manaqib al -Ansar, ‘Bab al-Mi’raj ; K. al-Tawhid, ‘Bab Kallama Musa Taklima’ - Ed.) Thereafter, the Prophet returned from the heavens to Jerusalem, and from there to the Holy Mosque in Makka. Numerous reports on the subject reveal that the Prophet was also enabled on this occasion to observe Heaven and Hell. (AlBukhari, K. al_Salah, ‘Bab Kayfa Furidat al-Salah fi al-Isra’ and Ibn Hisham, Sirah, vol. I, p. 404 - Ed.) It may be recalled that according to authentic reports when the Prophet narrated the incidents of this extraordinary journey the following day to the people in Makka, the unbelievers found the

whole narration utterly amusing. (Muslim, K, al-Iman, ‘Bab Dhikr al-Masih ibn Maryam’ - Ed.) In fact, even the faith of some Muslims was shaken because of the highly extraordinary nature of the account. (See Ibn Hisham, Sirah , vol. I, p.398 and al-Qurtubi, comments on verse 1 of the surah - Ed.) The details of the event provided by the Hadith supplement the Quranic account. There is no reason, however, to reject all this supplementary information on the grounds that it is opposed to the Quran. Nevertheless, if someone is not quite convinced and hence does not accept some of the details concerning the Ascension mentioned in the Hadith as true, he should not be considered an unbeliever. On the contrary, if someone were to clearly deny any part of the account categorically mentioned in the Quran, he would be deemed to have gone beyond the fold of Islam. What was the nature of this journey? Did it take place when the Prophet was asleep or when he was awake? Did he actually undertake a journey in the physical sense or did he have a spiritual vision while remaining in his own place? These questions, in our view, have been resolved by the text of the Quran itself. The opening statement: “Holy is He Who carried His servant by night from the Holy Mosque to the farther Mosque... “ (verse 1) itself indicates that it was an extraordinary event which took place by dint of the infinite power of God. For quite obviously, to be able to perceive the kind of things mentioned in connection with the event, either in a dream or by means of intuition, is not so wondrous that it should be prefaced by the statement : “Holy is He Who carried His servant by night...” ; a statement which amounts to proclaiming that God was free from every imperfection and flaw. Such a statement would make absolutely no sense if the purpose of it was merely to affirm that God had the power to enable man to have either visions in the course of a dream, or to receive information intuitively. In our view, the words of the experience or a dream vision, was an actual journey, and the observation in question was a visual observation. All was contingent upon God’s will that truths be revealed to the Prophet in this fashion. Now, let us consider the matter carefully. The Quran tells us, in clear terms, that the Prophet , went from Makka to Jerusalem and then returned to Makka during the night (obviously, without the use of anything resembling an aircraft), owing to God’s power. Now, if we believe this to be possible, what justification can there be to reject as inherently impossible the additional details of the event mentioned in the traditional sources? Statements declaring certain acts to be possible and others to be beyond the range of possibility are understandable if these acts are deemed to have been performed by creatures in exercise of the natural powers with which they are endowed.

However, when it is clearly stated that it is God Who did something out of His power, any doubts about the possibility of these acts can be entertained only by those who do not believe God to be all-powerful. Those who reject the Hadith as such raise several objections against the traditions concerning this incident. It seams that only two of these objections are worth of any consideration. First, it is claimed that the contents of the traditions relating to the Ascension imply that God is confined to a particular place. For had that not been the case, it is argued there would have been no need to transport the Prophet in order for him to experience the presence of God. Second, it is questionable whether the Prophet was enabled to observe Heaven and Hell and to see people being chastised for their sins even though they had not yet been judged by God. How is it that people were subjected to punishment even before the coming of that Day when all will be judged? Both these objections, however, carry little substance, The first objection is to be rejected on the grounds that although the Creator is infinite and transcends both time and place, yet in dealing with His creatures He has to have recourse to the means which are finite and are circumscribed by time-space limitations. This is because of the inherent limitations of man. Hence when God speaks to His creatures, He employs, of necessity, the same means of commu-

nication which can be comprehensible to the latter even though His Own speech transcends the means employed in the speech. In like fashion, when God wants to show someone the signs of His vast kingdom, He takes him to certain places and enables him to observe whatever he is required to observe. For it is beyond the power of man to view the universe in the manner God can. While God does not stand in need of visiting a certain place in order to observe something that exists there, man does need to do so. The same holds true of having a direct encounter with the Creator. Although God is not confined to a particular place, man needs to experience His presence at a defined place where the effulgence of His Being might be focused. For it is beyond man’s power to encounter God in His limitlessness. Let us now consider the second objection. That too is fallacious for the simple reason that the objects shown to the Prophet represented , in symbolic form, certain truths. For instance , a mischievous statement has allegorically been represented by a fat ox that could not return via the small hole through which it had come. (See Ibn Kathir, Tafsir, comments on Bani Isra’il 17:1 - Ed.) Or the other allegory relating to those who indulge in fornication - that they prefer to eat rotten meat when fresh, clean meat is available to them. (Loc.cit ; see also Ibn Hisham, vol. 1 p. 406 Ed.) The same holds true for the punishments to which sinners will be subjected in the Next Life

- they are anticipatory representations of the sufferings to which they will be subjected in the Life to Come. The main point which needs to be appreciated regarding the Ascension is that it belongs to a genre of experience through which each Prophet is enabled to observe- consonant with his standing and mission - aspects of God’s dominion of the heavens and the earth. Once the material barriers to the normal vision of human beings are removed, it becomes possible to view physically, the realities which the Prophets are required to summon others to believe in as part of faith in the Unseen. This is done in order to distinguish the Prophets from mere speculative philosophers. For a philosopher’s contentions are based on speculative reason and hence are essentially conjectural. Were a philosopher to recognize his true position - the position of a philosopher - he would shrink from testifying to the truth of his contentions. In contrast, what the Prophets say is based on their direct knowledge and observation. They can testify before others with full conviction that whatever they expound are realities which they themselves have directly perceived. Note: *Buraq was the name of the heavenly steed on which the Prophet rode on his nocturnal journey from Makka to Jerusalem, and then to the heavens (For this nocturnal journey q.v. Mi’raj.)

Prayer Schedule in Greater Vancouver May 31-June 14, 2013 (Rajab 21-Shabban 6 , 1434H) Rajab Date 21 May31 22 June 01 23 02 24 03 25 04 26 05 27 06 28 07 29 08 Shb 1 09 2 10 3 11 4 12 5 13 6 14

Day

Fajar

Sunr

Zawal

Dhuhr

Asar

Maghrib

Isha

Fri Sat Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri

3:42 3:41 3:41 3:41 3:41 3:40 3:40 3:39 3:39 3:39 3:38 3:38 3:38 3:38 3:37

5:11 5:11 5:11 5:11 5:11 5:10 5:10 5:09 5:09 5:09 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:07

13:10 13:10 13:10 13:11 13:11 13:11 13:11 13:11 13:11 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:13

13:15 13:15 13:15 13:16 13:16 13:16 13:16 13:16 13:16 13:17 13:17 13:17 13:17 13:17 13:18

18:43 18:44 18:44 18:45 18:45 18:46 18:46 18:47 18:47 18:48 18:49 18:49 18:50 18:50 18:51

21:10 20:11 20:12 20:13 20:13 21:14 21:15 21:16 21:16 21:17 21:18 21:19 21:19 21:20 21:20

22:40 22:41 22:42 22:43 22:43 22:44 22:45 22:46 22:46 22:47 22:48 22:49 22:49 22:50 22:50

For such Prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times: Quran ,n 4:103 Source: BCMA


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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

F A I T H

Purification of the Heart From the works of Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya, and Imam Ghazali Just as the heart may be described in terms of being alive or dead, it may also be regarded as belonging to one of the following three types: The Healthy Heart On the Day of Resurrection, only those who come to God with a healthy heart will be saved. God says: “The Day on which neither wealth nor sons will be of any use, except for whoever brings to God a sound heart.” [Quran 26:88-89] In defining the healthy heart, the following has been said: “It is a heart cleansed from any passion that challenges what God commands, or disputes what He forbids. It is free from any impulses which contradict His good. As a result, it is safeguarded against the worship of anything other than Him, and seeks the judgment of no other except that of His Messenger . Its services are exclusively reserved for God, willingly and lovingly, with total reliance, relating all matters to Him, in fear, hope, and sincere dedication. When it loves, its love is in the way of God. If it detests, it detests in the light of what He detests. When it gives, it gives for God. If it withholds , it withholds for God. Nevertheless, all this will not suffice for its salvation until it is free from following, or taking as its guide, anyone other than His Messenger . A servant with a healthy heart must dedicate it to its journeys end and not base his actions and speech on those of any other person except God’s Messenger . He must not give any precedence to any other faith, words or deeds over those of God and His Messenger. God says: “O you who have attained to faith! Do not put yourselves forward in the presence of [what] God and His Apostle [may have ordained], but remain conscious of God: for, verily, God is all-hearing, all-knowing! “ [Quran 49:1] The Dead Heart This is the opposite of the healthy heart. It does not know its Lord and does not worship Him as He commands, in the way which He likes, and with which He is pleased. It clings instead to its lust and desires, even if these are likely to incur God’s displeasure and wrath. It worships things other than God, and its love and its hatreds, and its giving and its withholding, arise from its whims, which are of paramount importance to it and preferred above the pleasure of God. Its whims are its imam. Its lust is its guide. Its ignorance is its leader. Its crude impulses are its impetus. It is immersed in its concern with worldly objectives. It is drunk with its own fancies and its love for hasty, fleeting pleasures. It is called to God and the akhira [day of judgment] from a distance but it does not respond to advice, and instead it follows any scheming, cunning Shaytan [Satan]. Life angers and pleases it, and passion makes it deaf and blind to anything except what is evil. To associate and keep company with the owner of such a heart is to tempt illness, living with him is like taking poison, and befriending him means utter destruction. The Sick Heart This is a heart with life in it as well as illness. The former sustains it at one moment, the latter at another, and it follows whichever one of the two manages to dominate it. It has love for God, faith in Him, sincerity towards Him, and reliance upon Him, and these are what give it life. It also has a craving for lust and pleasure, and prefers them and strives to experience them. It is full of self-admiration, which can lead to its own destruction. It listens to two callers: one calling it to God and His Prophet and the Hereafter; and the other calling it to the fleeting pleasures of this world. It responds to whichever one of the two happens to have most influence over it at the time. The first heart is alive, submitted to God, humble, sensitive, and aware; the second is brittle and dead; the third wavers between either its safety or its ruin.

Four-Symptoms Of the Heart’s Sickness and Signs of Its Health The Signs of a Sick Heart A servant’s heart may be ill, and seriously deteriorating, while he remains oblivious of its condition. It may even die without him realising it. The symptoms of its sickness, or the signs of its death, are that its owner is not aware of the harm that results from the damage caused by wrong actions, and is unperturbed by his ignorance of the truth or by his false beliefs. Since the living heart experiences pain as a result of any ugliness that it encounters and through its recognising its ignorance of the truth (to a degree that corresponds to its level of awareness), it is capable of recognising the onset of decay-and the increase in the severity of the remedy that will be needed to stop it-but then sometimes it prefers to put up with the pain rather than undergo the arduous trial of the cure! Some of the many signs of the heart’s sickness if its turning away from good foods to harmful ones, from good remedies to shameful sickness. The healthy heart prefers what is

beneficial and healing to what is harmful and damaging; the sick heart prefers the opposite. The most beneficial sustenance for the heart is faith and the best medicine is the Qur’an. The Signs of a Healthy Heart For the heart to be healthy it should depart from this life and arrive in the next, and then settle there as if it were one of its people; it only came to this life as a passer-by, taking whatever provisions it needed and then returning home. As the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Abdullah ibn Umar, “Be in this world as if you were a stranger or a passer-by.”2 The more diseased the heart is, the more it desires this world; it dwells in it until it becomes like one of its people. The healthy heart continues to trouble its owner until he returns to Allah, and is at peace with Him, and reaches Him, like a lover driven by compulsion who finally reaches his beloved. Besides his love for Him he needs no other, and after invoking Him no other invocations are needed. Serving Him precludes the need to serve any other. If this heart misses its share of reciting the Qur’an and invoking Allah (dhikrullah),

or completing one of the prescribed acts of worship, then its owner suffers more distress than a cautious man who suffers because of the loss of money or a missed opportunity to make it. It longs to serve, just as a famished person longs for food and drink. The Causes of Sickness of the Heart The temptations to which the heart is exposed are what cause its sickness. These are the temptations of desires and fancies. The former cause intentions and the will to be corrupted, and the latter cause knowledge and belief to falter.


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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

A D V E R T I S E R

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

A D V E R T I S E R

Abdul Hafeez Qadri


11

Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

L O C A L

40K Raised at Annual May Fundraising Dinner for Masjid Al Salam On May 25, an annual May fundraising dinner event was held at Masjid Al Salam Canada way Burnaby. The Masjid committee also organized stalls of ladies clothing, fancy bags, arts and crafts to help collecting funds for Masjid. Mr. Mohammad Yasin conducted this short progam after Asar Prayer. He highlighted the purpose of this fundraising and invited Mr. Azhar Syed for the recitation of the Quranic verses. After the recitation, BCMA president Br. Musa Ismail emphasized on the Masjid As Salam project details and encouraged all attendees to participate to raise fund for this House of Allah(SWT) for themselves and for next generation.

Chairperson of Burnaby Masjid Br. Daud Ismail said that this Masjid organizes two fundraising dinners each year, in May and November, and these funds are used to clears its dues and monthly expenses. Everyone knows that this Masjid’s activities are more than the others Masajid in town because we have big facilities of Islamic education centre and recently we started Gym facilities for our community. Many social, educational and kids cultural events, Interfaith events, Health fairs, Seniors Day and BBQ at Canada Day are arranged at Masjid Al Salam. He requested everyone to dig deep for the charity of Masjid. Br. Daud also acknowledged the dedications of Br. Mohammad Janif Barka and Br, Salim Buksh who recently passed away.He said the work of these tireless volunteers will never be forgotten. We really miss them and pray from Allah (SWT) to forgive their sins and give them a high place in Jannah (Ameen). Afterwards, Mohammad Yasin invited the BCMA Director Imad Ali for his presentation on his Masajid studies in North America and as well as this Masjid. He started his speech with the presentation of different Mosques closures in the North America and Europe. The reason is mainly lack of funds and the mismanagement of fundraising. He told the stories of BCMA Masajid projects and specially this Masjid Al-Salam right from the beginning to this stage. Br. Imad also emphasized the importance of this Islamic education centre and its use for all communities for spreading Islam through seminars, forums and other social and political activitivities. With the collective efforts of everyone, at the end the Masjid committee raised around C$40,000 alhamdulillah. After Maghrib prayer, the members from BCMA served a delightful dinner that concluded the event. The fundraising dinner was a successful event and many thanks to all of the administrators, volunteers. In addition, Al-Salaam fundraising

committee would like to thank all parents, friends and family members that donated funds to help maintain the Masjid expenses. For more information on programs that are offered in Burnaby Al-Salaam Masjid, please visit their web site: http://www.bcmaburnaby.org

Muslim Community Loses Dedicated Volunteers Mohammed Janif Barka

Haji Mohammed Janif Barka of Burnaby, passed away on May 15, 2013. Born in 1941, he was the son of Kulsum and Abdul Gani of Samabula, Suva, Fiji Islands. Haji Barka moved to Canada in 1966 and immediately became involved in community work. He was integral to the formation and the actual naming of the BC Muslim Association (1966), the concept and forming of the BC Muslim Sports Association (1980s), and the Burnaby As-Salaam Masjid and Education Centre from start to finish (1990s). In Vancouver, he gained the nickname “Barka” which meant “Big Guy” - indicative of his stature and generosity. In Fiji, he was commonly known as “Tiger”. Haji Barka will always be remembered for his charismatic personality, contagious smile, and ability to engage with individuals of any age and background. He will be especially remembered for his foresight and determination in his work for the Deen. Haji Barka is survived by his wife Rashida, daughter Sharina (Sulaiman), son Riyaz (Farrahnaz) and three grandchildren who all adored him and continue to make du’a for him. Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji ‘oon.

Salim Buksh

Haji Salim Buksh passed away on May 12, 2013. he was born in Suva, Fiji island on November 29, 1936. He lived with his wife Mrs. Sadrul Buksh and three sons for many years in Burnaby before recently moving to Surrey. He moved from Fiji in 1968, and started work hard in a cabinet making firm. After gaining experience, he opened his own Cabinet making company. He was a well known man across the Muslim community, always helping when he could. He volunteered at the Richmond Mosque and actively participated in fundraising for Masjid project. After the BCMA announced a new Masjid to be built at Canada way in Burnaby, Mr Salim Buksh and his wife volunteered day and night helping in construction, cooking and servicing. They also helped to raised about $ 100K for Burnaby Masjid Al Salam project from Fiji, New Zealand, Australia, California, and from local BC places. He was Director of Burnaby Masjid chapter and his wife, Sr. Sadrul Buksh is still serving as a director of BCMA Surrey`s women chapter. He will be sadly missed by his wife, children , grand children, brothers and sisters, family and all of his friends .

Miracle Note: Miracle Media Managing editor Mr. Naseer Pirzada had the opportunity to work with both gentlemen at Burnaby Masjid Project in 2000-2001 as a volunteer. As he got to know them over time, Mr. Pirzada found both of them to be very dedicated and hardworking and kind for Muslim community and specially their generosity to support Masjid As Salaam physically and financially. We pray to Al mighty Allah(SWT) for their mercy, to forgive all their sins and reward them with the best place in paradise and to give patience to their families and friends. (Ameen)

2 Full-Time Arabic/Islamic Studies/ Quran Teachers Skills and Qualifications Requirements

• Possess or is Eligible for BC Teacher Certification • Degree or Post-Secondary Certificate from a recognized Islamic Institution for the subjects to be taught • Proven experience teaching Arabic, Islamic knowledge and Quran to children ages 5 – 12 • Excellent oral and written communication skills • Computer competence in English and Arabic • Ability to work within a team, with integrity, enthusiasm, initiative and confidence • Experience with children in an education setting is an asset

Please email your Cover Letter, Resume, BC Teacher Certificate, Transcript and 2 Letter of References to the attention of the Principal at vpeducation@thebcma.com

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

A D V E R T I S E R

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A D V E R T I S E R

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

P O L I T I C S

UK Muslims face far-right revenge attacks British Muslims fear they could become “sitting targets” for far-right violence following a spate of attacks on mosques and a spike in other reported hate incidents in the week since the murder of a British soldier on a London street. The most serious attack occurred in the east coast town of Grimsby on Sunday night when three petrol bombs were thrown at a mosque as a meeting was taking place inside. Other attacks were reported on mosques in the southern towns of Braintree and Gillingham within hours of last Wednesday’s killing. Elsewhere, a petrol bomb was thrown at a mosque in Milton Keynes, bacon was left on the steps of a mosque in the Welsh capital Cardiff, and there were reports of vandalism at Islamic centres elsewhere. Meanwhile, about 1,000 supporters of the far-right English Defence League rallied in central London on Monday chanting “Muslim killers off our streets” and heard Tommy Robinson, the EDL’s leader, call for further demonstrations. “They’ve had their Arab Spring. This is time for the English Spring,” said Robinson, whose group also saw its number of Facebook followers surge from 20,000 to more than 100,000. Spike in Islamophobia Tell MAMA (Monitoring Anti-Muslim Attacks), a helpline set up to monitor instances of Islamophobia, said it had recorded 193 incidents since last Wednesday, compared to a usual tally of about four cases a day. “There is a background Islamophobia that is always rumbling,” Fiyaz Mughal, a director of the Faith Mat-

ters interfaith group that runs Tell MAMA, told Al Jazeera. “But if we take the latest figures, we are looking at about 40 cases a day and a ten-fold jump all of a sudden.” Salim Bhorat, a community activist in Bolton, a town in northwestern England with a large Muslim minority, said one mosque had been vandalised with spray paint, dog excrement had been thrown at another, and a woman had been attacked in the street. A car outside the mosque was also daubed with the words “Terrorist inside”. He said the killing of soldier Lee Rigby appeared to have reawakened the EDL in the area even as its influence appeared to be waning amid group infighting. “Nothing like this has happened in Bolton for a long time, so these attacks are a direct response to Woolwich and the mass hysteria afterwards,” Bhorat told Al Jazeera. “We’ve always had the EDL in Bolton and this has given them an excuse to rally their weary troops.” Bhorat said many local Muslims were nervous because unfounded rumours of attacks were spreading quickly via social networking and text messaging. “There has been a lot of scaremongering. People forward on messages without verifying them and that just creates a false sense of fear in the community.” ‘We are afraid’ Sikander Sleemy, the secretary of a mosque attacked in the Essex town of Braintree, told Al Jazeera that a smoke grenade was thrown into the building last Wednesday evening by a man armed with two knives.

“We were very fortunate because the prayer time was only 15 minutes away but there was only one person in the mosque. He was upstairs when he heard the bang and smelt the smoke and he could hear someone shouting and swearing downstairs, but he managed to escape onto the roof,” he said. These attacks and incidents are happening in areas where Muslims are the majority as well as the minority. Sleemy said Braintree’s small local Muslim community had never experienced any problems before. “We do feel part and parcel of the community and my personal feeling is that this was just an isolated rage attack. But if idiots like those guys in Woolwich, if there are any more attacks like that, God forbid that there are, then we are afraid that we will become sitting targets.” Amid shock and condemnation, Justin Welby, the Archbishop of Canterbury and head of the Church of England, visited Leicester last week in a show of interfaith solidarity with Muslim leaders, praising the diverse city, where just under a fifth of residents are Muslim, as a “a shining example of how communities work together”. Suleman Nagdi, a local Muslim civic leader, told Al Jazeera he believed the city’s Muslim community was well established and confident enough to face down any threats against it. “Leicester has mature relations between members of the different faith communities. We have a situation up and down the country that is concerning to us but we built those bridges many, many years ago,” he said. But Mughal

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questioned the assumption that Muslims in cities such as Leicester were better protected than those in areas with smaller and less established Muslim populations. “The fact of the matter is these attacks and incidents are happening in areas where Muslims are the majority as well as the minority. In Leicester we had a cluster of incidents last year. It’s quite a hot spot because there is a concentration of far-right supporters in the area around the city.” Mughal said far-right activists were increasingly using the internet not just for recruitment and dissemination purposes but also to attack Muslims online. “If you get a woman whose avatar has a hijab they will bombard here with sexual abuse to humiliate here. That is the kind of activity we are seeing.” He also cited concerns about social networking sites and new guidelines for police which have raised the threshold in terms of what is considered prosecutable as hate speech online. “Our biggest issue is constantly having thousands of tweets out there that are just promoting deeply antiIslamic feeling. We’ve never had that before,” he said. Media coverage Others raised frustrations about the mainstream media’s coverage of the Woolwich attack, including the labelling of the perpetrators as “Islamic terrorists”. Nick Robinson, the BBC’s political editor, apologised later that day after quoting a source who described the attackers as being “of Muslim appearance”. “We are the only community, in the

UK certainly, which whenever an act of terrorism has taken place, the whole community is put in the dock for the criminal activities of individuals,” said Nagdi. “Acts of terrorism affect us all but it does seems odd that when it is a Muslim you always expect Muslims to condemn it. We do condemn it but there is a history of bias in the reporting mechanism that it is expected.” Sleemy also condemned the airtime given to Anjem Choudary, a radical cleric formerly of the banned al Muhajiroun group, on the BBC’s flagship Newsnight programme. “He is not the voice of Muslims. He is a very extreme fringe group, and if people are watching that and they’ve got very little knowledge they are building a picture of a Muslim that he has portrayed,” he said. Mughal said positive media coverage of Muslim communities would help address Islamophobia but added that tougher police action was urgently needed. “The police have failed miserably dealing with some cases we’ve put through to them. They need to understand Islamophobia as a phenomenon that is deeply corrosive and they need to act quickly.” He said it was hard to predict for how long the current upsurge of antiMuslim attacks would continue as no comparable data was available for events such as the 2005 bombings on the London transport network. But he added: “The fact is these effects are cumulative, and this was such a significant and barbarous attack that it will certainly add to the cumulative effect over time. Source: Al-Jazeera


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Hundreds attended Islamic Academy of Canada’s Islamiyat Course Completion Alhamdulillah, with the Blessing of Allah SWT , over 350 guests attended the ladies only program at Iqra School on May 24th, while around 1000 was in attendance at Surrey Masjid on May 25th, 2013 at the occasion of 8 Girls Complete 5 Year Islamiyat Course. Br. Harun Mohammed, Chairperson of the Graduation Committee, commenced the program with Tilawat e Quran by Maulana Gulam Baji. Qari Lehar, teacher and administrator IAC, spoke on the importance of Islamic “education of our youth”. Principal for the Girls Islamiyat program – Maulana Abdur Rehman explained the details of the five year program and importance of educating our daughters and sisters. He further explained the three year Islamiyat course which will start after Ramadan 1434H. Qari Abdul Wahab, Imam and Khateeb Surrey Jameh Masjid (since 1980), introduced Guest of Honor – Maulana Bashir Ahmed Diwan residing in Auckland, New Zealand who provided

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over 45 years of service in Fiji as Pesh Imam. Maulana B.A. Diwan, now in his early 80’s, expressed his sincere thanks for the hosting Society and congratulated Islamic Academic of Canada for undertaking the responsibility of educating our daughters and sisters. After speaking for over an hour, Qari Abdul Wahab and Maulana B.A. Diwan presented certificates to fathers of graduating girls. Br. Harun concluded the program with a vote of thanks. Br. Sultan Badshah, Board of Education IAC and Acting-Chairperson Iqra Islamic School, in an interview with Miracle Newspaper commented on the extreme need for such programs for girls. He further stated that while Islamic Schools provide basic Arabic and Islamic studies programs, courses offered by IAC provides for next level of studies. For registration and course details, contact Islamic Academy of Canada or Sr. Hafizan @ 604-644-7864.

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

A D V E R T I S E R

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

P O L I T I C S

Tripartite Mechanism for India, Afghanistan & Pakistan government. This obviously means that something ought to be done at this time so that the Afghans do not get involved in destructive activities again because of the disruptive forces of Taliban and Al-Qaida. Apparently, there is absolutely no room of doubt that whatever happens in Afghanistan is bound to affect the situation in Pakistan and elsewhere in the region too.

At a time when the Islamic nation of Pakistan is witnessing the change of guard with the Nawaz Sharif-led Pakistan Muslim League is recapturing power at the federal level, an interesting proposal has been made by the Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai, who has conveyed to India and Pakistan through his Ambassador in New Delhi that all the three countries should jointly work out a tripartite mechanism, including a no-war pact, for peace and progress in the region. The idea is momentous and deserves to be given a serious thought for the primary reason that the region is set to experience changes of various kinds in the coming few months. For instance, the US-led multinational forces are now scheduled to be withdrawn from Afghanistan, where elections will also be held in 2014 for the formation of a new

Though there is an optimistic hope that the new government in Pakistan will pursue the policy of noninterference in the in-house affairs of its transborder countries, nonetheless, it is not easy believe that the Taliban of Pakistan and the other militant organisations operating in the country will let Islamabad quietly watch the unfolding developments in Afghanistan. This too is not beyond doubt that pro-Pakistan

Taliban factions in Afghanistan may get an indirect clandestine support from Islamabad during the forthcoming elections there, which are scheduled to be held there in 2014, as stated above. If these radical and disruptive elements succeed in any way in becoming the part of the government in Afghanistan, the situation may get chaotic in that country once again, which will definitely have an adverse impact on all the transborder countries and Pakistan will be no exception thereto. It is, therefore, in good health of all the concerned nations that a kind of tripartite agreement is reached before it is too late, so that Afghans are allowed to find their own answers to the problems they counteract.The focal point of the proposed tripartite pact must be the economic growth with a view to ensuring that Afghans and the other neighbouring

nations do not deviate in any way from the path of development. In this manner, India, which has been helping Afghanistan in the revival of economic activity in a big way, would be in a better position to play its constructive role if Pakistan allows the use of its territory for the movement of Indian trucks loaded with goods needed in Afghanistan. Such an arrangement can be a part of the tripartite agreement in the larger interest of stability and progress in the region and Pakistan too will be an equal gainer in this type of arrangement. Nonetheless, while designing the supra Tripartite Mechanism, it is equally important for its other signatories to take appropriate care of the vital interests and aspirations of Pakistan and India too in the same way. Even-handedness, justice and transparency are the lifeline for the triumph of this methodology and once it is endorsed to function without the mutual trust deficit, it is bound to bring into being miraculous outcomes, which will be undeniably of enormous economic benefits to all the three nations incandidate in the contested constituency. Against this background, Mr Khan accused Mr Hussain of openly threatening PTI workers through public broadcasts. Police in Britain are investigating Mr Hussain after receiving hundreds of complaints about a speech he made on May 12th, which the PTI took to be inciting violence against its workers. The MQM insists its leader’s words were taken out of context and misinterpreted. The MQM has dominated politics in Karachi for three decades. It was formed to represent the interests

Politics in Pakistan’s biggest city

A killing in Karachi The police in Karachi say they still have an open mind about the murder, late on May 18th, of Zohra Shahid Hussain, a senior politician with the opposition Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI), or Movement for Justice. The three young men on a motorcycle who attacked her outside her home may have been robbers, they say. Her party colleagues, however, are in no doubt that she fell victim to a political assassination.

She died on the eve of a partial rerun in one Karachi constituency of the general election held on May 11th. PTI’s leader, Imran Khan, was quick to blame Altaf Hussain, the exiled leader of Karachi’s dominant political party, the Muttahida Qaumi Mahaz, or MQM, as “directly responsible” for the murder. The MQM was equally quick to deny the charge, accusing Mr Khan of “immaturity” and threatening to sue him for defamation.

Karachi has a terrible record of violence, much of it political. Eleven people were killed on May 18th alone. Political parties have close links to gangsters, and the city is also home to extremists from the Pakistani Taliban and other groups with terrorist tendencies. The MQM is both the best-organised of the city’s political parties, and, as the one in power, seen as the best able to bully and intimidate its rivals. “It is a fascist party,” says Arif Alvi, the PTI’s

volved. Strengthening the fiscal health of Pakistan is, without a doubt, the first and foremost objective of the Prime minister-in-waiting of Pakistan, as repeatedly pronounced by him. This most cherished dream, on the other hand, demands the prevalence of peace and tranquility in the region, which, however, is not going to be restored in the region unless all the disruptive forces (Taliban, Al-Qaida and other militant outfits) are pushed towards the wall with an iron hand. The supra Tripartite Mechanism will for sure be the most affective instrument for the realisation of this praiseworthy objective the Prime ministerin-waiting of Pakistan aspires for adding liveliness to the nation. It is the national duty of every individual of Pakistani origin (no matter where he is living) to lend every bit of his/her implicit support for the fiscal planning of the national government that may help in a long way to usher a new era of economic growth in Pakistan. Ameen! of the Mohajirs—Urdu-speaking migrants who came to the city after partition from India in 1947. The city has expanded enormously—to a population of an estimated 18m today. The MQM has maintained its supremacy despite challenges from the PPP, which represents mainly the Sindhis, and the Awami National Party (ANP), representing the many ethnic Pushtuns who have moved to the city in recent years. But on May 11th, the PTI emerged as the main opposition, the runnerup in 15 of 17 seats declared. Some

Continued on pg 19

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H O M E

Roofing and Renovation Solutions

Imran Tipu (RTM Roofing & Renovations) This article is about the construction, renovations, and demolition waste that became the big issue as far as its proper disposal is concerned. Construction, Renovation and Demolition Waste The diversion of construction, renovation and demolition (CRD) waste from landfill sites is an issue that has been gaining attention within both the public and private sectors. Surveys have indicated that as much as one third of the 20 million tones of solid waste of municipal waste streams is generated by construction, renovation and demolition activities. Many of our landfill sites are reaching capacity. In addition, CRD waste is sometimes illegally dumped or burned, causing land, air and water pollution. The increasing costs of disposal are ultimately reflected in project costs, as contractors must incorporate anticipated disposal costs in their bid costing. Realities such as these emphasize the need for initiatives that focus on reducing and diverting as much waste as possible from CRD activities. Incorporating the 3Rs (reduces, reuse and recycle) into construction, renovation and demolition waste management creates a closed-loop manufacturing and purchasing cycle. This significantly reduces the need to extract raw materials, reduces the amount of materials going to landfill sites and reduces the life-cycle costs of buildings and building materials Project managers and construction contractors have long recognized the importance of reducing waste and salvaging high value construction and demolition materials such as copper and other metals. Contractors are usually careful about the quantity of materials ordered, how materials are used and how to carefully de-construct valuable materials. In most cases however, materials that are more difficult to separate and that are worth less per unit weight are still going to landfill, even when they are present in large quantities. This represents an inefficient use of natural resources and uses up landfill capacity unnecessarily. Unfortunately, some contractors do not realize that there are new opportunities for waste minimization, while others are reluctant to implement environmental practices because they believe these practices will increase their project costs. Most contractors are concerned about the cost of the labor that is needed to deconstruct materials for reuse or recycling. However, it has been shown that effective waste management during CRD projects not only helps protect the environment, but can also generate significant economic savings. Demonstration projects have shown that the diversion of waste from landfill can reduce waste disposal costs by up to 30%. This is accomplished through reduced tipping and haulage fees and the sale of reusable and

recyclable materials. Landfill Sites It is becoming more difficult to find suitable locations for new landfill sites, as people are increasingly opposed to the development of them in their neighborhoods due to odors, increased traffic, and potential problems with ground and surface water contamination. Diverting CRD waste from landfill will substantially extend the useful function of existing sites. In order to understand some of the environmental impacts that are associated with the disposal of large quantities of CRD waste, it is necessary to understand how a landfill site functions. Biodegradable waste decomposes in landfill water and appropriate bacteria are present. Decomposition refers to the disintegration of the chemical bonds that hold material together, causing the material to break down into simpler substances. Biological decomposition can be hastened or delayed by varying conditions, including, temperature and moisture. During the degradation process, four actions occur: • organic matter is stabilized, • leachate is produced, • landfill gas is generated, and • Settlement occurs. A complex combination of landfill liners, monitoring wells, piping, pumps and capping of landfills controls leachate flow. However, these systems are not always successful and if leachate escapes from landfill sites, it can pollute groundwater, rivers, streams and surrounding land areas. Leachate: Leachate is any liquid that, in passing through matter, extracts solutes, suspended solids or any other component of the material through which it has passed. Provincial and Municipal Regulations The construction waste management field is regulated by provincial and municipal legislation. In acknowledgement that construction and demolition materials make up such a large percentage of the waste stream, regulations exist in some parts of Canada to divert these materials from landfills or prevent them from being dumped illegally. Municipalities often manage or control CRD waste management practices at the local level. Many municipalities throughout Canada have by-laws in place banning the land filling of specific CRD material (e.g. drywall etc). The Province of Ontario has regulations in place which require detailed waste audits for construction contracts above a certain size. These are described below. These requirements vary by location across the country. The following is a partial list of provincial and municipal legislation to be consulted prior to the handling or disposing of any CRD waste material. In 1994, the Ministry of the Environment (MOE) passed the 3Rs Regulations. Regulations 102/94 and 103/94 are applicable to construction and demolition projects consisting of one or more buildings with a floor area greater than 2,000 m². Regulation 102/94 requires the following:

• the completion of an onsite waste audit that identifies the amount and nature of the waste that will be generated; • the development of a waste reduction work plan that outlines specific achievable diversion options for reduction, reuse, and recycling; • the implementation of the waste reduction work plan; • the documentation of the waste audit and work plan results on forms provided by the MOE or forms that have been designed in the same general format; and • the retention of a copy of the audit and work plan documents on file for five years from completion of the project. • Regulation 102/94 requires that the waste audit be conducted and the work plan completed before the beginning of the CRD project. Regulation 103/94 requires the following: • the implementation of a source separation program for the reusable and recyclable materials • the specification of facilities that are sufficient for the collection, sorting, handling and storage of these materials; • the communication of the source separation program and its successes to employ-

ees, patrons, and tenants; and • reasonable effort in ensuring that the separated waste is reused or recycled. Reducing CRD Waste The traditional handling of CRD waste represents a lost opportunity. Most of this material is not waste, but a valuable resource. As the cost of construction materials escalates due to dwindling virgin resource availability (especially lumber), many of the materials that we throw away are becoming increasingly valuable. Almost everything - from concrete and lumber, to electrical wiring and plumbing fixtures - can be reused or recycled. To take advantage of the value of waste materials as a resource, salvageable materials must be separated from other materials. The purpose of separating CRD waste is that there will often be markets for certain items, but once mixed or contaminated, these materials have lost their value. By separating materials, a higher value can be given to those materials that can be salvaged, thereby reducing tipping fees at landfill. In short, recovering waste and keeping it separated reduces project costs in two ways: For more information about these article series and/or all our previous articles, please visit: www.rtmroofingandrenovations.com

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

L I F E S T Y L E

Pak students find new

NEGATIVE HISTORY

solution to end loadshedding

Two students from Islamabad have bagged silver medal in the world finals of the International Computer Projects Competition held recently in Romania by giving solution to end loadshedding and resolve issue of energy theft. Shahbaz Khattak and Abdul Muizz Lodhi of PakTurk School Islamabad have designed a GSM-based Automatic Meter Reader (AMR) which was presented in the Infomatrix Romania where their project won silver medal in the category of Hardware Control. AMR can collect consumption data from power, gas and water meters without involvement of meter readers. It transmits data to central database of service providing company for billing, troubleshooting, and analysis. AMR saves utility providers the expense of visiting every location to read a meter, its billing is based on actual consumption rather than estimates, past or predicted consumption. Moreover timely information can help utility providers and customers’ better control usage and production. It provides accurate data, track usage, improve energy management, detect tempering and cut operational costs by discouraging wastage to boost profit. It can be used for security and fire alarm systems.

Khattak and Lodhi said that metre reading will no more remain a time consuming and labour intensive manual process if gas, power and water utilities employ ARM which will also settle the issues of complaints by consumers and increasing energy theft presently estimated at Rs250 billion annually. Also, some modification can enable power companies to switch off air conditioners and other home appliances drawing extreme amounts of energy remotely which will end the need of loadshedding in Pakistan where over 5000MW is consumed by A/Cs in summer, the students said. Commenting on the development PakTurk officials Kamil Ture and Turgut Puyan said that participation in global competitions and winning prizes has become a regular feature for Pakistani students which reflect their talent. Educational institutions should encourage young to apply their imagination, passion, and creativity to make a difference. The competitions are not just about promoting professional excellence; it also serves to promote intercultural dialogue and cooperation, said Ture. Hundreds of students from many countries including United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Russian Federation, Macedonia, Belgium, Romania, Poland, Hong Kong, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tanzania, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Vietnam, Hungary, Mexico, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ecuador, Thailand, Indonesia, Turkey, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Laos, Colombia, Kenya, Albania, Iraq, and Malaysia participated in the event and presented projects covering a wide variety of topics. Source: Dawn.com

Shabnam Khan - Family Counsellor (M.P.C.P., R.P.C) The decision we make today affect our children and our children’s children for many generations. These includes bad habits, addictions, negativity, wrong mind sets and other types of iniquities. Perhaps you are struggling in certain areas right now because people who came before you made poor choices. Many times, you can look back and see the results of those choices somewhere in your family line. It is important that we realize what has happened and not passively accept these dysfunctional patterns. You need to rise up and do something about your negative history. It may have been there for years, but the good news is it doesn’t have to stay there forever. You can be the one to put a stop to it. Many times, you may have noticed that it may not be even your fault. Somebody else made the poor choices, and now you have to deal with it. Nevertheless, be careful that you don’t use the sins of others as an excuse to perpetuate negative lifestyles patterns. You have to do something about it. One of the first steps to overcoming a problem is to rec-

ognize what you’re dealing with. Identify it, don’t ignore it. Don’t try to sweep it away and hope that it will go away because it won’t go away. If you’re lazy and undisciplined, don’t make excuses, just admit it. If you have an anger problem, or you don’t treat other people with honor and respect, don’t try to convince yourself that everything is okay. Again admit your problem and deal with it. Too often we do just the opposite. We think, I’m not going to tell anybody about this problem. What would they think of me? I’d be embarrassed. Instead, swallow your pride, confess your weakness, and get the help you need so you can be free. It is not easy to admit that we need help, but it is necessary, and it is liberating. You can beat anything that comes against you. It doesn’t matter how long you’ve had a problem, or how many times you’ve tried and failed, everyday is a new day!! shabnam@skcounselling.ca

KARACHI : Continued from pg 17

ing from nowhere to challenge the PPP as the main national opposition—has been seen as a big factor in the high turnout in most parts of the country. Karachi, however, presents the incoming government with one of its biggest problems. The MQM, an influential player in most previous federal coalitions, is now out of government in Islamabad, and facing what Mr Alvi says is the biggest challenge left to its dominance of Karachi. It still, however, has its coercive power, and the fanatical loyalty Mr Hussain commands among many of the MQM’s foot-soldiers. It also has the power to embarrass Britain, for Mr Hussain is a British citizen. Mr Khan has already said he also holds the British government responsible for Ms Hussain’s murder. Source: economist.com

of this was achieved by mobilizing the socalled “burger class”, the well-educated elite that has hitherto tended to shun politics, and is now, nationwide, a leading force in what Mr Khan calls a “tsunami” started by the PTI. In a posh school used as a polling station in Karachi’s Defence Housing Authority, many well-dressed middle-aged residents were voting for the first time. In the nation’s capital, Islamabad, officials and foreign diplomats alike see the election on May 11th as having been the most successful, in terms of the credibility of the process, in Pakistan’s history. The result, giving the PML-N the chance to lead a strong central government, has also been welcomed. And the PTI’s surge—com-

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

H E A L T H

World not ready for mass flu outbreak: WHO

By Jonathan Fowler The world is unprepared for a massive virus outbreak, the deputy chief of the World Health Organization (WHO) warned Tuesday, amid fears that H7N9 bird flu striking China could morph into a form that spreads easily among people. Keiji Fukuda told delegates at a WHO meeting that despite efforts since an outbreak of another form of avian influenza, H1N1, in 2009-10, far more contingency planning was essential. “Even though work has been done since that time, the world is not ready for a large, severe outbreak,” Fukuda said.Rapid-reaction systems were crucial, given that health authorities’ efforts are already hampered by lack of knowledge about such diseases, he insisted. “When people get hit with an emerging disease, you can’t just go to a book and know what to do,” he said.According to the latest official data, H7N9 avian influenza has infected 130 people in China, and killed 35, since it was found in humans for the first time in March. It is one of a vast array of flu viruses carried by birds, the overwhelming majority of which

pose little or no risk to humans. Experts are struggling to understand how it spread to people, amid fears that it could adapt into a form that can be transmitted easily from human to human. “Any new influenza virus that infects humans has the potential to become a global health threat,” WHO chief Margaret Chan told the meeting. “This is a puzzling virus, surrounded by mystery,” she added. China’s swift reaction to the outbreak, including shutting down poultry markets, has been widely praised. Critics found fault with its handling of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome — which triggered a global scare in 2003 when it erupted in east Asia, leaping to humans from animal hosts and eventually killing some 800 people.“After the SARS virus experience 10 years ago, the Chinese government invested heavily to upgrade capacity. We are reaping the benefit of that investment today,” said Chan. China’s health minister, Li Bin, underlined that Beijing was coming to terms with the current outbreak but said concerns remained. “Since May, the number of new cases has

decreased significantly,” Li said in Geneva. “Prevention and control have been proven to be effective. However, due to our limited understanding of the virus and the disease, it is imperative to be vigilant, with contingency plans,” she added. China is considered one of the countries at greater risk from bird flu because it is a top global poultry producer and many chickens in rural areas are kept close to humans. The number of forms of flu is vast, given that the virus combines two proteins: one of 17 types of haemagglutinin, which provides the H, and any of 10 kinds of neuraminidase, which gives the N. The more common strain of avian flu, H5N1, has killed more than 360 people globally since 2003, according WHO figures. Fukuda noted that the far deadlier H7N9 struck in China around the same time as fears mounted elsewhere over the SARS-like novel corona-

virus, of which there have been 40 laboratory confirmed cases, including 20 deaths. While the virus has been deadliest in Saudi Arabia, which now counts 30 infections, half of them fatal, cases have also been reported in Jordan, Qatar, Germany, Britain and France. “This is an unusual global situation,” Fukuda said, underlining that the two viruses were unrelated. “We have not seen a comparable situation since 2003, when we had both the SARS virus emerge and then later the H5N1 virus reemerge,” he said. Fukuda said that novel coronavirus was “more complex” to deal with than H7N9. “There is even less information, even less understanding about what is the reservoir,” he said. “We do not know which one is going to evolve and gain the characteristics that we don’t want it to gain,” he added. Source: AFP

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Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

LIFESTYLE

How to Organize Your Closet

up, like your workout clothes. Here are a few ideas:

Organize the Rest of Your - You can also store clothes that - Donate all of the clothes you Closet

Having an organized closet is the gateway to having an organized room and an organized life. To organize your closet, you’ll have to sort through all of your clothes to determine what you really need and find the best way to reorganize your clothes and other belongings. If you want to know how to organize your closet, just follow these steps.

Sort Through Clothes

Your

Remove all of the clothes from your closet. Take all of your clothes off their hangers and out of any bins or drawers in your closet. Fold them in piles on the floor or on your bed. This includes your shoes as well.

Decide which clothes you will keep. The clothes you will keep are the clothes that you wear on a regular basis and clothes that you would miss if they weren’t in your closet. If you’ve worn a certain item in the last week, month, or even few months, you should hold on to it as long as it’s seasonally appropriate. Make a “Keep� pile for the clothes that you will keep and wear on a regular basis. Decide which clothes you will store. You should store the clothes that you won’t be wearing for a while because they aren’t seasonally appropriate. If it’s the middle of summer, you can store your winter sweaters and scarves, and if it’s the dead of winter, you can store your summer dresses.

may have sentimental value for you, such as a shirt your grandmother knitted for you, or an old t-shirt from your high school tennis team that no longer fits. Try to keep the sentimental value clothes to a minimum, though. Clothes are meant to be worn, after all. - When you’re done sorting through the clothes you will store, put them in a plastic bin. You can either store them in the back of your closet, under your bed, or in a storage unit or a different part of your home if you have the room. Decide which clothes you will donate or throw out. This is the hardest step, and the most important. If you want to have a truly organized closet, then your goal should be to get rid of as many items of clothing as possible. This doesn’t mean you should throw out your favorite things -- it does mean that you should take a long hard look to ask yourself which clothes you will actually ever wear again. - If you haven’t worn something in over a year and it has no sentimental value, it’s time to donate it. - If you have an item that is so worn, covered in moth holes, or faded that you and anyone else will never wear it again, then it’s time to throw it out. - If you have a few items of clothing that are just way too small, stop waiting for the day that they will fit and donate them.

don’t need that are in good condition, or give them to a sibling or friend.

Organize Your Clothes in Your Closet Hang up your clothes and organize them. Try to hang up as many of your clothes as you can. This will make it easier for you to find your clothes and to conserve space. You should not only hang up your clothes, but you should also organize them in a particular way so you can easily find them whenever you need to. Here are some ways to organize the clothes you hang up: - Organize your clothes by season. If you’ve stored away some of your seasonal clothes, organize your clothes by season just for half the year. If it’s summer, hang up your summer clothes first, followed by your fall clothes. - Organize your clothes by type. You can separate your shirts, pants, skirts, and dresses. - You can also think about installing another pole to hang up your additional clothes. Put additional clothes in other parts of your closet. Once you’ve hung up all of the clothes fit on your pole, you should find other parts of the closet to store the rest of your clothes. The clothes that you put in the bins should be used less frequently than the clothes you hang up, or they should be clothes that don’t need to be hung

Organize any boxes in your closet. If your closet is big enough, then it’s likely that you’ve stored things other than clothes in it, such as big boxes filled with mementos, old photo albums, and CDs you haven’t seen for ten years. To finish organizing your closet, you should go through these old boxes to see what you should keep and what you should toss. Here’s how to do it: - Get rid of any papers or items you’ve kept for over a year that have no sentimental value. - If you’ve been using cardboard boxes, trade them up for plastic bins. They will last longer and will be more visually appealing. - Label the boxes or bins so you know what’s in them next time you move or organize your things again. Organize any additional items in your closet. Take the time to go through any additional items in your closet to make sure that you still need them and that the closet is really the best place for them. Here are some examples: - Make sure that all of the other items you find belong in the closet and not another part of your home. For example, if you find a box of light bulbs, a box of comic books, or a box of chocolate, ask yourself if those items wouldn’t be more logically organized elsewhere.

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22 SPORTS Husain Abdullah, who gave up football to take Muslim pilgrimage, is back in NFL Rajab 21, 1434 May 31, 2013

Chiefs free safety Husain Abdullah backpedaled with the r e c e i v e r, recognized the route, broke on the ball and deflected the pass thrown by rookie Tyler Bray. Abdullah pounded his hands in frustration at not making the interception. After spending a year away from football while on a religious pilgrimage, he knows every play counts in his NFL comeback, so he had to be satisfied with merely breaking up the pass. “To get back out here and to have a second chance, not a lot of people get one,” Abdullah said after one of the Chiefs’ offseason workout sessions this week. “So this is a blessing.” Abdullah, a practicing Muslim, elected not to return to the Minnesota Vikings last season and instead took his wife, parents and two older brothers on a month long spiritual journey to Saudi Arabia last October. The

family - including older brother Hamza Abdullah, who spent 2005-11 with the Arizona Cardinals - visited and prayed at the mosques in Mecca and Medina. And before that, when their teams were in training camp, the brothers made a 30-cities-in-30-days, cross-country road trip in a minivan during the 30 days of Ramadan in July and August. They spoke and prayed at mosques and performed community service from coast to coast and in Canada, while fasting during Ramadan, something Abdullah has done even during football seasons. “It was a beautiful year all over,” said Abdullah, 27. “We’d give talks to youth groups, and they’d bounce questions off us like, ‘What’s it like playing in the NFL?’ . . . ‘What’s Brett Favre like?”’ The biggest question, though, was: Why, in the in the prime of his career, did Abdullah make the journey abroad as opposed to waiting until after his playing days were over? “It was something that weighed heavy on me,” he said. “It’s something Muslims are required to do once in your lifetime, and we didn’t necessarily have to do it then. I see my parents getting a little older and sicker, and I

was able to take them. . . . It was a dream for them, and it was a dream for me, and to experience that together was awesome.” The family followed a pretty simple daily routine in Saudi Arabia. “Everything is structured around prayer,” he said. “At 4 or 5 a.m., you wake up and you go pray. . . . You chill, you do whatever you want to do and come back at noon, and you have another prayer. At midday, another prayer. At sunset you have another prayer, and at nighttime you have another prayer.” Abdullah, a starter for the Vikings in 2010 and in nine games in 2011, hoped to catch on with an NFL team upon his return, but there were no takers. Part of the reason might have been that he missed seven games in 2011 and finished the season on injured reserve because of a concussion. The chance occurred because Chiefs general manager John Dorsey, a scouting director at Green Bay, remembered Abdullah from the Packers’ two games each year against NFC North rival Minnesota. At 6 feet and 204 pounds, Abdullah cracked the Vikings’ roster as an undrafted rookie from Washington State in 2008 and led the team with 24 special-teams

Srinivasan promises fair investigation

BCCI president N Srinivasan has promised a fair investigation by a three-member commission, which will include a person independent of the board, into the charges against Gurunath Meiyappan, the CSK official and Srinivasan’s son-in-law who has been arrested, and the three Rajasthan Royals players allegedly involved in spot-fixing. Srinivasan said he would not be part of the commission and would not be part of its appointment or work. Srinivasan said the commission would comprise an independent member and two of the following people: IPL chairman Rajiv Shukla, BCCI vice-president Arun Jaitley, BCCI treas-

urer Ajay Shirke, board secretary Sanjay Jagdale, and former India captain and commentator Ravi Shastri. This commission, Srinivasan said, would be responsible for investigating and deciding whether Gurunath was an owner of the Super Kings franchise. Gurunath had been part of the Super Kings table at IPL auctions, at team owners meetings with other franchises, present near the team dug-out and at post-match presentation ceremonies. His Twitter account bio said he was the “team principal” and several articles on the franchise website referred to him as “owner,” as did his IPL accreditation. However, when Srinivasan

was confronted by this question, his answer was evasive and ambiguous. When questioned again on Gurunath’s involvement with the Super Kings, Srinivasan said: “He [Gurunath] did not have any role at all. In fact, he never visited the office of the CSK. But he would go, he was enthusiastic. Let the commission find out. You asked me a question, I gave you a reply.” Given that two of the three members of the commission are going to be people with close links to the BCCI, Srinivasan was then asked about its ability to act objectively. His response was indignant. “You cannot presume that people in the board cannot act fairly or

tackles. In 2010, he started 15 games, and he intercepted a total of four passes in 2010-11 before he was sidelined. Abdullah also had an ally in former Vikings head coach Brad Childress, a confidant of Chiefs coach Andy Reid, who was eventually hired as a Chiefs assistant coach. Abdullah conceded the layoff left him a bit rusty, and though he has been working on the second- and third-team defenses, he has worked his way to the first units on several special teams. “It’s been about a year and a half (away from football), but it’s been a good year and a half,” Abdullah said. “So it’s fun to get back out here. Defensively, I’ve got to re-learn what the offense is trying to do to me because it’s a new system. Had Abdullah not found a team, or if he doesn’t make it with the Chiefs, he has no regrets about his decision to make the pilgrimage last year. “It was definitely worth it,” he said. “I was content with the decision, even if I didn’t get it another chance. But I’m only 27 years old, and I want to keep playing football. If I could do it all over again, I would, especially knowing at the end of it the Chiefs would pick me up. “I love football. I was an undrafted free agent. I wasn’t paraded around. I had to play my way in. So I’m excited for this. But if it didn’t happen, it didn’t happen. There’s life ahead.” Source: Kansas City Star properly,” he said. “That is the implication of your query, which I do not agree with. I am not going to be involved but there will be an independent person so it’s not like the board only will be involved, there will be an independent person.” Srinivasan was speaking in Kolkata, four hours before the start of the IPL final. He began addressing a packed room of reporters by saying the last few days had been difficult for him as a father and father-in-law, but said his actions would be nothing but professional. Srinivasan went on to stress on the principles of natural justice, that people are innocent until proven guilty, and accused the media of overstepping boundaries in their reporting of the issue. Source: Cricinfo

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