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ᯧ ዯ ᱹ!

ᔪ ᓈ ᗔ ὧ ὚ ᛵ ᑊ ᒳ! ፛ ᗥ ᡘ ᖖ ፵ ᛈ! I. ፫ᖦ II. ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ᗽᗭᙝᯇᛵ᣾ᑆ III. ᡘᖖᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ᛵ፵ᛈ IV. ᩜ⊹᫆◶ V. ᪺ᒙᦀᐂ

!‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


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ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

I. ፫ᖦ ⢷ 䖍 ⁙ 䠓 㛨 㢒虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⢿ ⃜ 㞝 槾 ᾜ ╙ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 虇 憨 ㄭ 㛨 㢒 㵞 〃 Ὴ 㝴 岪 懢 䠓 ⋶ ⵈ 㵣 ℚ ᾙ ⷀ 劌 䥴 懢虖⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 䵖 ⿔ 㞝 槾 㵣 㜿 亓 凥 伢 朆虇╾ 㞾 岪 ⩖ ᾙ 㼘 ╙ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⅰ ㇾ ㄗ ⶠҸ⢷ 㢘 ㊞ 䊰 ㊞ Ὶ 朢虇㛨 㢒 ≂ 伀 ㆌ 嬥 ― ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇⁴ 厃ⅰㄡ孉ㄦ⾛₾ℕ凥伢悒䉉㲰嬐虖㳳⪥虇戓㢘⌅⁥⡯亯Ҹ

II. ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ᗽᗭᙝᯇᛵ᣾ᑆ ᾏҷ伢㜖ㆶ幹䠓⡯亯 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 厖 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 伢 㜖 ㆶ 幹 㞝 槾 ᾜ ▛Ҹ䲻 ᾏ虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 伢 ┆ 䠓 䵖 ⿔ 悒 朆虇ℚ ⬑ ⁴ 庌 ‭ 㢇 㢘 ⋼ ⓐ ⋼ 䱯虇凅 ⎸ 丂㢇㢘‣ⓐ‛䱯虇⁴嬎仟㢇㢘⡪ⓐ⋺䱯虇嬐㔛㕰⌅ᾼ䠓劗 仰ҷ仟 㭚 ☛ ⅰ ㇾ 䠓 䩉 㵣 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ⡿ 桲Ҹ␯ ᾙ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 伢 ┆ ⪩ 槾 䫉 ᾜ ▛ 䮚 〵 䠓 佷 們 ⽴ ⃫虇⋶ ⵈ 幖 㜨 俐 ⪩虇䐈 ⎴ 㞾 ᾏ ‪ ╹ 㒘 ⋶ ⵈ 军 棭 㟑 〞 佷 㔡 䠓 㢇 ┆虇ℚ ⬑ 凅 ⎸ 丂 㢇虇⁳ ᾜ 䌮 ㈘ 㴆 ▁剛㟾䠓崏冔┊㳴Ҹ 䲻 ‛虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 汣 婐 巟 ⵛ虇䮽 槭 俐 ⪩Ҹ姷 懣 ᾙ 㝱 㢘 ㄚ 㹤 㨬 㜖ҷ㛔 ‚ 㛧 慿ҷ⋗ 䥴 ⴲ ◙ ☛ 㠉 ㋶ 宏 客虇汣 婐 ᾙ ΅ 㢘 㴆 ▁ 㢇 䠓 㛧 ‚ 㜖 汣 ☛ 寸 䵖 䠓 寸 㳛 汣Ҹ㜿 亓 凥 伢 䊰 履 㞾 䬞 概 㢇 戓 㞾 ℎ ㄡ 㢇 ⅰ虇抌 悒 ⪩ 䢃 㔴 姷 懣 ⅰ ⁿ 㛨 ⶝Ҹ䢇 ⶜ Ὶ ᾚ虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢ⷀᾜ劌≞㜿亓凥伢去䢃㔴㞢㍑Ҹ 䲻 ᾘ虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⋶ ⵈ 剛 㟾 悒 媖 桫虇䚩 厂 ᾜ 㞝 䩉虇梏 嬐 埤 䖕 悒 ⪩ 剛 㟾 幖 㜨 ㏜ 劌 ― 孲 ⌅ ᾼ 䠓 ⅰ ㇾҸ␯ ᾙ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

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㯺 彷 䠓 〃 ⁲ 剛 㟾 懣 ⓒ ⪩ 〃虇䢇 ⶜ 㝋 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ╹ 㢘 㜇 ⓐ 〃虇幖 㜨 卹 䋅 悒 䉉 俐 ⪩Ҹ㳳 ⪥虇ⓒ ⪩ 〃 䠓 㴆 ▁ ᾼ虇䊰 履 㞾 䫭 ⴇ 孏 ㆄҷ 㛎 㹊 ⏅ 〵ҷ䫍 㢒 䘿 ⨒ ㅔ 䋅 㢘 ᾜ ▛ ☛ 槾 嗦 䠓 䠋 ⷤҸ⁴ 吁 ⎦ 㶠 㝞 䛀 ⓙ 懙 䏶 䚮 㻊 㮰 ゞ 朚 ⭚虇惘 崙 ⎿ ⥒ ╙ 䉉 ⬃虇╙ ㄛ 㢘 卹 ⾀ 䠓 榧 ⢮虇ら 䱚 ⥝ 戵虇㢏 ㄛ ┊ ╗ ‰ 㝋 ⪥ 㝞虇╾ 嬚 䘿 ⨒ ☛ 㴆 ▁ 㬄 媖 桫虇 㔛㕰伢㜖䢮㳲䠓㛨⶝ⷀ↜㊮⡿桲Ҹ 䲻 ⡪虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⋶ ⵈ 㛨 ⶝虇⶜ 㝋 ⁙ ⪸ 䠓 ⅰ ㄡ ℕ 尹 悒 䉉 朢 㔴Ҹ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 仵 ⁉ 悒 桲 ㍑ 䠓 ⓿ 巰 㞾 ╾ ⁴ 䖕 孲 䠓虇嬐 ㄭ ᾼ ― 孲 䫭 ⴇ 㛨 ⶝虇䐈 ⎴ 㞾 ㍘ 䚷 ☛ ⵵ 徟 㝈 棱 ΅ 悒 惘 㐧Ҹ㳳 ⪥ 虇 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㢘 ‪ ⋶ ⵈ 㢘 㟑 朢 柟 ⏅虇ℚ ⬑ 埤 䖕 ⬃ 桇 ⛞ 槛 䠓 ㄚ 㹤 㨬㜖虇⃋῝⾁ᾜ懸䚷㝋䖍⁙䫍㢒虇╗⬑䔊䫼䠓嬞㨬⢷⋻⋒ 70 〃 凥 㵎 懼 㵏 ㄛ 虇 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 卹 ⾀ ΅ ᾜ ⌜ 䔊 䫼 ― Ҹ ⶜ 㝋 㜿 亓 ⅰ ㄡ ℕ 尹虇憨 ‪ ⋶ ⵈ ≞ 㞾 懨 ᾜ ╾ ╙ 䠓 ‚虇⁴ 厃 ᾜ ⌜ 䢚 捜 憨 ‪ ⋶ ⵈ虇嬐䖕孲⌅ᾼ䠓㊞儸ⷀ㢃䉉惘㐧―Ҹ ᾜ 懝虇㎠ ↠ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ ら ⦉ 㝋 凥 伢虇凥 伢 㞾 ⒔ 㑻 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓虇⬑ 㤫 ╹ 嗦 捜 㥟 ᾏ 扷 ⎕ 伢 ┆虇⁲ 姷 ㎠ ↠ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ 㞾 䏖 棱 军 棭 ⋷棱虇憨΅ᾜ㞾㐙ᾜ▛≂伀⴩䉉凥伢伢┆䠓┮㊞Ҹ1

[ ូᒙ᫆◶ \ ! ⅰㄡ⬑⃤孲㸉⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓㢻幹⛞槛虇ℎ⁥↠㮑㝋䦣崏虚

‛ҷ㴆▁⡯亯 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 桥 䋅 尜 䉉 卹 ⾀ 㞾 㔴 ╦ 䫭 尀 尭 䠓 㶠 㝞虇坘 嗦 ㄚ 㹤 䠓 ㌠ 峘 ㎟ 䉉 厖 䫭 䱚 亓 䠓 ⳟ 㶠Ҹ⎿ ― 㜿 亓 㟑 ⁲虇㛨 㢒 ≂ 伀 ┊ 㐙 䓅 1!

ㄗ㞝槾虇⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓ㄚ㹤☛⋗䥴≂伀虇厖㠉㋶☛⛮䫉㜖ⴇ 䠓≂伀㏏埤䖕䠓ⅰⁿⷳ棱虇抌㞾ᾜ▛䠓Ҹⷀ䴦㞾㜿亓䠓䬞概 㢇厖ᾜ▛ℎㄡ䠓㢇ⅰ虇㏏埤䖕䠓ⅰⁿ捜灭΅㢘ᾜ▛Ҹ㎠↠ᾜ 劌✽✽䦣崏―䬞概㢇虇ⷀ䳘㝋尜峧㜃↚⦉䣲㛨ⅰⁿҸ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


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ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

⪹⁉䢚䉉撾尳䖕孲⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓㈥憕Ὶ㶠虇亓兿䬞概‣䱯 39 厂 47 䵏 ⷀ 㒖 ⎉ ᓇ ᣞ ៻ ᒙ ὧ ὚ ᅗ ᑆ ᓇ ᣞ ᎔ ᠥ ፇ ጱ ᑺ Ꮽ

᏷ᅜᶳ ᔾ ᓆ ᖤ ♢ ᛵ ᳍ ៦ ᱑ ὚ᅙᵩ ᒚᅗᓇ ᣞ ጰ ᜑ ᗭ ᔾ ᱑ ᾝ ᗔ ᬗ ᏷ ᘒᅙᔾ ጰ ᗽ ᬙ ዷ ᗔ ᛵ ₎ ⛐ᅙᓄ ᔾ ᛹ ῔ᅗᓇ ᣞ ፬ ᾝ ᕶ ᑺ ᧷ ᛵ Ẩᅙᔾ ᘞ ᔾ ᎄ ᛵ ᑀ ᗔᅗᓇ ᣞ ᗄ ጰ ᬻ ឵ ᔾᅜᢍ ᑺ ᓕ ዷ ᘞ ᒢ ጥ ᛵ ᑀ ᗔᅗᓇ ᣞ ᣝ ᢢ ᬻ ឵ ᎘ᅙᓇ ᣞ ጹ ᡐ ᗽ ₎ ⛐ᅗᝩ ጰ ᕧ ᬙ ⎕ ዯ ጴ ᧷ ᗔ ᛵ ₎ ⛐ᅗឿ ᨬ ᝂ ᔾ ᘏ ᅞ ጰ ᢢ ầ ᔾ ᑋ ᎄ ᣃ ᝟ ᢢ ᓯ ᓇ ᣞᅜᑺ ዯ ᒳ ᓯ ᓇ ᣞ ᛵᅗ᳍ ៦ ᓇ ᣞ ᙰ ᐟ ⏼ ᛵ ⇴ ᒯᅙᓇ ᣞ ᑙ ᚤ ᝂ ⇴ ᒯᅗጌ Ꮬ ᝂ ᔾᅗᑆ ᠥ ᎘ ᦀ ጆ ᑺ ។ ᷕ ᔾ ⇎ ᛵ ᾭᅙᓇ ᣞᢍጰᝂ᎘ᛵᦀᅗឿᨬᝂᔾᛵᾭᘏᅞ㝱㞾憨㮲虇⶜㝋䓅⪹ ⁉ 卹 ╳ ⁴ ℕ ⶜ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 孲 捚虇㛨 㢒 ≂ 伀 ⷀ ᾜ ⪶ 䢚 捜 ― Ҹ ⡯䉉㜿亓凥伢⃫冔╹㞾テ屎⬑⃤ㄭ㜿亓凥伢䠓孡〵䢚⾛₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇⁳ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⳧ ⢷ 䢚 ⃋ 㞾 拜 ▗ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 军 宼 䠓 虇 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ☛ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 Ὶ 朢 卹 䋅 ⎉ 䖍 悤 捜 Ὶ ⎴Ҹ仟 㤫虇⢷ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 Ὶ ⏜虇戲 ‪ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 䖕 孲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤 ╙ ⌅ 孲 捚 虇 ΅ᾜ╦捜嬥Ҹ 憨 䮽 悤 䢚 䓅 ⪹ ≂ 伀 䠓 孏 ㆄ ⢷ 㛨 䏅 㟑 ⁲ 個 倛 ⳧ ⢷Ҹ䖍 ⁲ 㛨 㢒 䠓 ≂ 伀 ⪩ ℕ 卹 㛨 䏅 㟑 ⁲虇㛨 䏅 ⶜ 䓅 ⪹ 㛨 ☛ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 䠓 ⌇ ䷜ ⪩ 㔰 ╥ 㜄 ⶜ 䠓 ㋚ 〵虇㛨 䏅 ≂ 伀 ⁴ 䉉 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 㞾 㵉 ⵂ ⦉ 䣲 䠓 ⋖ ㏚ 虇 ⡯ 㳳 ⿇ 帯 棱 ⢿ 䖕 孲 ⁥ ↠ 䠓 孏 ㆄ虇⁴ 厃 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⢿ ⃜ ᾜ 劌 厖㜿亓凥伢。䳘Ҹ㛨䏅⁴㜿亓凥伢䠓孡〵ℕ䖕孲⾛₾ℕ凥 伢虇㎟ 䉉 䜅 㟑 ⚾ ᾏ 䠓 孲 伢 㝈 㹤Ҹ㜿 亓 㲰 伢虃 New Testament Apocrypha虄 ҿ ⾃ 㒎 ⾃ 㢇 ⅰ Ӏ 虃 Epistle of Barnabas虄 ⷀ ⋔ 䂎 ╜ ⶜ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 䠓 履 屎Ҹ憨 ┆ 㢇 ⁴ ᾜ 䥴 ▜ 䠓 ⃫ 冔虇㒖 ⎉ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 撾 尳 䖕 孲 ㄚ 㹤虇尜 䉉 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ ╹ 䢚 ⳦ 儸 ᾙ 䠓 孲 捚虇ⶖ ⴒ ╥ ⁲ 棗 ㊞ ᾙ 䠓 孲 捚Ҹ㢇 ᾼ 尜 䉉虇㗸 嬎 ⢷ 嬎 ῒ ⸀ 榧 ╦ ㄭ 䫭 军 ℕ 䠓 亓虃 ⷀ 㞾 䫭 㒖 榼 ㏏ ⵺ 䠓 䦂 㤎 虄㟑虇⁴ 吁 ⎦ ⁉ ┊ 匫 㑫 捠 䏪 䐱虇⁴ 厃 䱚 ⏊ ⫀ ╊ ― 封 亓虇⁉ ╹ 㢘 坘 嗦 ⦉ 䣲 ☛ 䢇 ⅰ虇⢷ ⋶ ㅒ ⃫ ホ 婫 䠓 ⽴ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

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⪺ 虃 ҿ ⾃ 㒎 ⾃ 㢇 ⅰ Ӏ 4.6-8虄 Ҹ ᾵ ᾣ 尜 䉉 䫭 䠓 亓 ⷀ 㞾 ⦉ 䣲 䠓 亓虇╹㢘⢷⦉䣲ㅒᾼҸ2 ⦉䣲ㄡ䠓帻₊ᾜ㞾㌅䫬ⴘㇾ㝴虇军 㞾 ⢷ 㞮 㢮 㝴 ㌅ 䫬 ⦉ 䣲 䠓 ㄸ 㻊 虃 ҿ ⾃ 㒎 ⾃ 㢇 ⅰ Ӏ 15.8-9虄 Ҹ 䕏 㑘 䠓 ‭ 捛 㜾 ⪩ 虃 Aristo of Pella虄 ⢷ ‛ ᾥ 亏 ᾼ 㢮 ⵺ ― ҿ 凅 ⳺ 厖 㥞 㵣 ▘ 㜾 䠓 ⶜ 尀 Ӏ虃 Dialogue Between Jason and Papiscus虄Ҹ ᾏ 去 尜 䉉 凅 ⳺ 㞾 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ ⦉ 䣲 ㄡ 虇 㥞 㵣 ▘ 㜾 ⏖ 㞾 ‭ 㴆 ⸀ ⪶ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉虇㢇 ᾼ 坘 嗦 ⶜ 尀 䠓 ヱ ゞ虇䢃 㔴 㛊 㙙 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 䠓 ≂ 伀 孏 ㆄ 虇 㢏 仑 ℎ 㥞 㵣 ▘ 㜾 惘 ⅰ ⦉ 䣲 㛨 Ҹ 㿇 㜾 ᾐ 虃 Justi n 虃 Dialogue Martyr虇亓 ⋻ ⋒ 114-165 〃 虄䠓ҿ 厖 㹿 㻽 䠓 ⶜ 尀 Ӏ with Trypho虄΅ ⁴ 槭 ⃋ 䠓 ㏚ 㹤 姷 懣虇㝷 ⢷ テ 屎 㞣 㝴 䠓 榟 宏 䛀 ⦉䣲☛㛨㢒㎟ⷀҸ3 ⋶ⵈ宧悘㿇㜾ᾐ厖⚁ⴇⵅ㑘㵣㹿㻽䠓⶜ 尀虇㞾 㢘 杫 彮 㜄 ⶜ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 䠓 䎼 履虇Ὴ 嬐 㞾 宝 履 ⋸ ↚ 儳 汣 ⶜ 䫭 ⅰ ㅒ 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇⒔ 㑻 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ㄚ 㹤 䠓 㢘 㛗 ㆶҷ凅 䯛 䠓 䫭 ㆶ ☛ ⦉ 䣲 ㄡ 仵 䢚 䉉 㜿 ⁴ 吁 ⎦ 䠓 㜿 ⢚ 〵Ҹ㹿 㻽 ら 峿 㿇 㜾 ᾐ 姛 ␁ 䬽 ҷ ⴗ ⴘ ㇾ 㝴 ╙ 䵏 㢮虇䫭 ㎥ 寀 㢒 ■ ⁥ 㝌 ㋗ ㊪虖⁥ 尜 䉉Ӂ ホ 庌 ‭ 㞾 ▵ ⳧ ⢷ ⁜ 㢹 ╾ 䥴Ҹ│ ℎ 䫑 卹 ⾀ ΅ ᾜ 䥴 懢虇嬐 䢃 厂 ⁴ ⎸ ‭ ⌜ ℕ ╙ 匞 䱚 䫑 虇 䫑 ㏜ 槾 䖍 ӂ虃ҿ 厖 㹿 㻽 䠓 ⶜ 尀 Ӏ 8.4虄Ҹ 4 㿇 㜾 ᾐ 䠓 䡽㮨㞾嬐ℎ㹿㻽惘ⅰ⦉䣲㛨Ҹ5 ㄗ㞝槾虇㹿㻽埤㝋ダ⑱虇㢘

2

3 4 5

J. Trigg, "The Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists," in A History of Biblical Interpretation, ed. A. J. Hauser and D. F. Watson, vol. 1, The Ancient Period (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003), 313. W. Yarchin, History of Biblical Interpretation: A Reader (Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 2004), 32. R. M. Grant, A Short History of the Interpretation of the Bible, 2nd ed. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1989), 44. D. S. Dockery, Biblical Interpretation Then and Now: Contemporary Hermeneutics in the Light of the Early Church (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000), 64. !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


6

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

杫 䠓 ⶜ 尀 㢹 劌 懣 ⎿ 㔱 宝 䠓 䡽 䠓Ҹ㳳 ῒ 䛀 㝋 㹿 㻽 ╾ 劌 ╹ 㞾Ӂ 㜖 ⴇ ᾙ ӂ埪 㭚 䠓 ⁉ 䏸虇⃫ 冔 坘 ⁥ ℕ 姷 懣 卹 ⾀ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ 孏 ㆄ 军 ⾁ Ҹ 㢇ᾼ䠓孏灭☛䢚㹤虇㞾ら⦉㝋㹿㻽㏏イ䚷䠓ҿᾒⓐ⩺峾㢻Ӏ 虃 Septuagint虄厖 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 。 姛 伢 㜖 ㏏ イ 䛂 䠓 孲 捚虇厖 䜅 㟑 䠓 䓅 ⪹ ≂ 伀 ㏏ 㔴 ╦ 䠓 㳲 ⌇ ☛ 孲 捚 ᾜ ▛Ҹ㿇 㜾 ᾐ 尜 䉉 䫭 仵 ‗ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ ㄚ 㹤虇䛀 㝋 ⁥ ↠ ᾜ ⷻ 棗ҷ䧻 ㅒҷ㈥ 憕ҷᾜ 埣 尯 䳘虇䫭 坘 嗦 ㄚ 㹤 ℎ ⁥ ↠ 戲 ⌡ 䐾 䫭 䠓 䐈 幹 ╦ ⎿ 㔶 ⏅Ҹ䢇 ╜虇⪥ 戵 ⁉ ╹ 梏 ≞ ⦉ 䣲 ᾏ 㮲 虇 戄 姛 Ӂ ㊪ 䫭 ҷ ㊪ ⁉ ӂ 䠓 尰 ☌ ⷀ 彂 ⪯ ― 虃ҿ 厖 㹿 㻽 䠓 ⶜ 尀 Ӏ 93.4虄Ҹ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 䠓 ⛞ 槛 ⢷ 㝋 ᾜ 㞝 䠌 䫭 仵 ‗ ⁥ ↠ 尰 ☌ 䠓 㾀 ⷳ ㊞ 儸虇΅ │ 㞾 尰 ☌ 䢮 㳲 䠓 巰 ㅄ ㊞ ㆬ虇ℚ ⬑ 䫭 嬐 㷑 ‭ ₾ 㑘 僤 姛 ␁ 䬽虇巰ㅄ⦉䣲ㄡ彮撾尳☛價㉰␁婑虃ҿ厖㹿㻽䠓 ⶜尀Ӏ41.4虄Ҹ 6 ⎿ ― ᾘ ᾥ 亏 ⎬虇儔 欻 䠓 ⾛ ⣰ ㄚ 柏虃 Hippolytus of Rome虄 ㏏ 嗦 䠓ҿ ╜ 歐 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ Ӏ虃 Contra Judaeos虄虇㐙 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 䠓 ㉁ ㋧ 懼 懖虇㴇 ☝ 㝋 ⁥ ↠ 㢍 㑡 令 凅 䯛 䉉 ⦉ 䣲Ҹᾜ 懝虇戲 ‪ ⶜ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉䠓帯棱䢚㹤΅ᾜ㞾ᾏ棱↡䠓虇ℚ⬑‭㴆⸀⪶䠓棸⎸⋜ 虃 Clement of Alexandria 虄 ☛ ⅓ ⎸ 㧈 虃 Origen 虇 亓 ⋻ ⋒ 185-253 〃 虄 䠓 ҿ ╜ 歐 ⧭ 䏍 ⅽ 㜾 Ӏ 虃 Contra Celsus虄 ⢷ 㥟 䮚〵ᾙ䉉䓅⪹㛨愾崆Ҹ⅓⎸㧈䠓䡽䠓㞾歐㜴⧭䏍ⅽ㜾⵺䠓 ҿ 履 䢮 㛨 儸 Ӏ 虃 On the True Doctrine虄 Ҹ ᾜ 懝 ⁥ ↠ ΅ ▛ 㮲 歐 ↡ ╜ ⦉ 䣲 㛨 䠓 孏 ㆄ虇ⷀ 㞾 戲 ‪ 仵 䛿 㛨 ↮ 䚷 䠓 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 孏 ㆄ Ҹ ⧭ 䏍 ⅽ 㜾 尜 䉉 ⦉ 䣲 ㄡ ⶜ 卹 ⾀ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ ᾜ 㷑 䚩 孲虇ᾜ ㊂ ㄦ ⎿ 䖕 ㆶ 䠓 孲 捚虇⁥ 㢃 幹 䜠 戲 ‪ ╹ 㷑Ӂ ᾜ 嬐 ⛞虇╹ 嬐 ⅰ ӂ䠓 ⇩ 㹤虃ҿ ╜ 歐 ⧭ 䏍 ⅽ 㜾 Ӏ 1.9虄 Ҹ ⅓ ⎸ 㧈 ⏖ ╜ 歐 嬐 ⎕ 愷 ᾥ ᾙ 䠓 㠉 ㋶ ☛ 䢮 㳲 䠓 㠉 ㋶虇⦉ 䣲 ㄡ ᾜ 㞾 ㊩ 㞶 䊰 䥴 䠓虇⁥ ↠ ╹ 㞾 㑨 㝋 ᾥ ᾙ 䠓 㠉 ㋶ 虖 ⶜ 㝋 䖕 ㆶ ㎥ 㠉 ㋶ 虇 ⁥ 尜 䉉 䶰 ✽ 䠓 䢇 ⅰ 㢃 ␯ 捜 嬐 虃ҿ ╜ 歐

6

Trigg, "The Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists," 320. !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

7

⧭ 䏍 ⅽ 㜾 Ӏ1.13虄Ҹ 7 ⅓⎸㧈㢃㐙凥伢㔡㎟⋼姛虇䯀䉉ҿ⋼㲓 伢㜖▗╒Ӏ虃Hexapla虄Ҹ╾㞾⌅檧䠓㟑⁲虇ℚ⬑ᾘᾥ亏ᾼ㢮慵 ⪹⦉䠓ⷔ㟽 叾虃 Cyprian of Carthage虇亓 ⋻ ⋒ 200-258 〃 虄虇 ⷀ 㢘 ᾜ ▛ 䠓 嗦 ⃫ 㛊 㙙 䓅 ⪹ ⁉Ҹ憨 ‪ 抌 ㎟ 䉉 䜅 㟑 䠓 Ὴ 嬐 ㆬ ㊂ 虇 ᾵ᾣ㄀榎ㄗ⪶Ҹ

[ ូᒙ᫆◶ \ ! 㝸㢮㛨䏅㜄嬥䓅⪹≂伀⶜㎠↠㢘⃤㄀榎虚 㳳 ⪥虇㛨 䏅 㟑 㢮 Ὴ 嬐 ⁴ ら 䱚 㛨 儸 ℕ ⶜ 㐦 䛿 䱾虇Ⅼ 儔 㝸 ⢷ 㢇 ⅰ 婰 ⷀ テ 屎 ⌆ 㢘 㲙 ⮐ 䠓 孲 捚虇嬐 ⎉ 㝋 ⷻ ⦉ 䣲 䠓 ⅰ ㄡ ╲ ᾼ 虇 军ᾜ㞾䓅⪹⁉䠓≂伀Ҹ8 ‛ᾥ亏㟑虇⶜㝋⾛₾ℕ凥伢厖㜿亓 凥 伢 䠓 杫 ⅑虇岍 㜾 〤 Ὴ 儸虃 Gnosticism虄㕟 ⎉ 幹 䜠Ҹ欻 ▘ ⴘ 虃 Marcion虄 ☛ 岍 㜾 〤 Ὴ 儸 ㅈ 〤 ╜ ⶜ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㞾 凥 伢 䠓 㲙 ⮐虇欻 ▘ ⴘ 尜 䉉 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⴦ 㛨 孏 ㆄ 厖 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ᾜ ▛虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 䫭 㞾 ㌳ ㆡ ☛ ⵸ ⎳ 䠓 䫭虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 ⦉ 䣲 ┊ 姷 䖍 䫭 䠓 ㋗ ㊪虇㏏ ⁴ ⦉ 䣲 ᾜ 㞾 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ㏏ 榟 宏 䠓 ホ 庌 ‭虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 ΅ ᾜ 㞾 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ゅ 倛Ҹ⡯ 㳳 䜅 㟑 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ ⵈ 㞢 ㆌ 䛴 ⶜ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 孲 捚虇䚩 厂 嬥 戲 ‪ 孲 捚 䉉 ᾜ 㳲 伀Ҹ憨 ㉔ 㹐 ⿅ ℕ ᾏ ‪ ㄗ 捜 嬐 䠓 䜠 ⛞處⢷ 㜿 亓 ⏜ 㜇 䠍 〃虇戲 ‪ ⶜ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 伢 㜖 䠓 䖕 孲虇䢮 䠓 㞾 ᾏ 䊰 ╾ ╥ ❝ 虚 戓 㞾 ⁥ ↠ ᾜ 䥴 懢 ⋶ ⵈ虇㎥ 㞾 ⡯ ⅰⁿ㻍⎴䠓佲㛔军㑡令㔴╦戲‪孲捚虚 7 8

Grant, A Short History of the Interpretation, 61-62. ℚ 處 㤦 ㄛ ᾘ 14蚙 17 㒖 ⎉ 虇 ᓄ᎘ᣞ ᛵ፬ᑊ ᣺ᶓᅗ ᛸᗭፂ ፶⅁ ❴▵ᡮӉ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ӊᛵ ᥸ ᣦᅗ᱑ᙊ ጛ┯ ᕶᑺᴃ Ꮄᅙ᱑ ᙊጛ

ᑋ᫛ἲᾝጦ὚⇖Ꮄድᅙᵩᒚᛸᗭፂ፶ᅗᕦᱝ⅁❴⇴ᒯᦀᛵ ᥸ᣦᅗᙊጛ┯ᑋ᎘ᣞ፬ጆᅙᓄ᎘ᣞᛵ፬᳗᥸▀ᐿ᎐ᅗᙊጛ ᳍᳗᥸᪌Ꮄድᅙ᎐᳍៦ᖻ⟏ᅜ᎐ᛵ⟏ᑋᤐᾝᅗᖻᾝ᳍ᬗ᎔ ᒢᏻᅙ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


8

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

ᾘҷ≂伀孏ㆄ⡯亯 ㎠ ↠ ╾ 劌 ⿇ ⁴ 䉉 㜿 亓 凥 伢 㞾 弔 弙 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓虇⁴ 䉉 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㞾Ӂ 榟 姷 ӂ虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 㞾Ӂ ㎟ ⷀ ӂҸ䊰 ヱ ᾼ虇憯 ㎟ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ☛ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 Ὶ 朢 㢘 悤 捜 Ὶ ⎴虖㜿 亓 凥 伢 㝱 㞾 仟 ⷏ 虇 ⡯ 㳳 悒 䉉 捜 嬐 Ҹ 亓 兿 䬞 概 ‣ 䱯 39 厂 40 䵏 㒖 ⎉ 處 ᓇ ᣞ ៻ ᒙ

ὧ ὚ᅗᑆ ᓇ ᣞ ᎔ ᠥ ፇ ጱ ᑺ Ꮽ ᏷ᅜᶳ ᔾ ᓆ ᖤ ♢ ᛵ ᳍ ៦ ᱑ ὚ Ҹ ⢷ 亓 兿 䬞 概 ‣ 䱯 46 䵏 㢃 㒖 ⎉ ᓇ ᣞ ᑙ ᚤ ᝂ ⇴ ᒯᅗጌ Ꮬ ᝂ ᔾ ᅗ

ᑆᠥ᎘ᦀጆᑺ។ᷕᔾ⇎ᛵᾭҸㄗ⪩㟑虇䬞概㢇抌㞾㐙⾛₾ ℕ凥伢䠓宧悘虇孲捚䉉㍘毦⢷凅䯛怺ᾙ䠓榟宏虇ℚ⬑處 亓 ⓐ ᾘ 18

ᯀ ᑋ ᢢ ⑬ ➱ ὚ ጆ ᛵ ᾭ ᅗ ⅉ ᅝᆋ ᐹ ᔾ ᑂ ṑ ᛵ ዷ ᅗ ᏸ ὰ ⋒ ᔾ ӂҸ

亓 ⓐ ‣ 25

᱑ ᢢ ⑬ ➱ ᎘ ᣞ ិ ᛈ ጆ ᙰ ⇎ ᛵ ᾭᅗⅉᅝ ᆋ᎘ ᣞ ᵨ ៞ ᑊ ៃ ᔾ ӂҸ

亓 ⓐ Ῥ 24

᎘ ᣞ ᳍ ᙚ ᒀ ⅉ ᅝᆋ ᔾ ᣞ ጰ ᢢ ⇾ Ḷ ᅗ Ꮑ ᢢ ᙾ 䝹ᅗᡒ ⊸ ᬗ ᷕᅙᆌ᱑ ᢢ ⑬ ➱ ὚ ጆ ᛵ ᾭ ⅉ ᅝᆋ ᎘ ᣞ ፍ ድ ᔾ ᛵ Ꮚ ᒮ ᅗ ᠥ ᔾ ᛵ ᾝ ᒮ ᙾ䝹ᅙᆌᓒዱᚤᵩ᪞ድ᱑ᗇҸ

亓 ⓐ Ῥ 28

᱑ᗇ᎔ឹᅗᡷ⎯᛹῔ᐾ∐ᛵᗇጦ὚ᑯ ድ ᅗ ᠥ ᢢ ᗐ ὚ ጆ ᛵ ᾭ ⑬ ➱ ᅗ ᳍ ⅉ ᅝᆋ ᔾ ᵔ ድ ӂҸ

憨 ‪ ℚ ⳟ 抌 槾 䫉虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 ⃫ 冔 嬐 㐙 凅 䯛 ⦉ 䣲 䢚 䉉 ㍘ 毦 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 榟 宏Ҹ⡯ 㳳虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 ⃫ 冔 㐙 凅 䯛 ㏏ 懖 ⎿ 䠓 ᾏ ⎖虇΅ ⁴ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 伢 㜖 ℕ 毦 峘Ҹ憨 㞾 㝸 㢮 㛨 㢒 彮 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ら 䱚 䢃 㔴 杫 ⅑ 䠓 㝈 㹤Ҹ㜿 亓 凥 伢 㢘 憨 㮲 榟 姷 䠓 孲 捚 虇 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ⡯ 军 ⢷ ⦉ 䣲 㛨 ⢗ ⳟ 婰 仵 嬥 䉉 㲰 嬐Ҹ䋅 军 憨 婰 ㆌ 䛴 ― 捜 嬐 䠓 ⛞ 槛處伢 ┆ ㎟ 㢇 㞾 㢘 㟑 朢 剛 㟾 䠓虇䜅 ⃫ 冔 ⵺ ᾚ 伢 㜖 !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

9

㟑虇伢 㜖 ㍘ 封 㢘 㢻 怺 䠓 ㊞ 儸Ҹ军 憨 䮽Ӂ 榟 姷 ӂ䠓 㝈 㹤虇㞾 ⡯ 䉉 伢 㜖 ≂ 懭 ⎿ 㜿 亓 㟑 ⁲虇㛨 㢒 䚷 ― ╵ ᾏ 䮽 㝈 㹤 䖕 孲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢Ҹ㕪宏Ὶ虇榟姷䠓孲捚㞾㐙㜿亓㟑⁲⌅ᾼᾏ䮽孲捚䠓㝈 㹤虇懚 䚷 ⢷ ≂ 㐎 䠓 伢 㜖 ᾙҸ憨 ᾜ 㞾 ⶜ ㎥ 撾 䠓 ⛞ 槛虇军 㞾 ㄭ 憨 䮽 䖕 孲 军 ℕ 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇᾵ ᾜ 㞾 ⚾ ᾏ 䦣 崏 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤虇㴊 㼆 ╳ ┆ 虃 Dead Sea Scrolls虄 ⷀ Ⅼ 㒐 ╵ ᾏ ↚ 孲 捚 䠓 㝈 㹤 Ҹ ㎠ ↠㞾▵ⶖ憨䮽䖕孲䢚㎟䉉䓷ᾏ䠓Ӂ䢮䖕ӂ虚 䜅 ㎠ ↠ ⁴ 榟 姷 䠓 孡 〵 䖕 孲 伢 㜖 㟑虇│ ⁲ 姷 㔴 ╦ 㜿 亓 㟑 ⁲ 䠓 䖕 孲 㝈 㹤 ℕ 䢚 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇㔡 柳 伢 㜖 ヱ ㎟ 㟑 䠓 ┮ ㊞Ҹ㎠ ↠ ╾ ▵ ⢷ 懚 䚷 憨 䮽 㝈 㹤 Ὶ ⏜虇⋗ 埤 䖕 伢 㜖 䠓 ┮ 㢻 ㊞ 儸虇⡯ 䉉Ӂ 榟 姷 䠓 㝈 㹤 ӂ╹ 㞾 ⌅ ᾼ 䠓 ᾏ 䮽 捚 伢 㝈 㹤虇ᾜ 㞾 ⚾ ᾏ 䠓 㝈 㹤Ҹ⬑ 㤫╹⦔㒐ㄭ㜿亓凥伢ℕ䢚⾛₾ℕ凥伢虇憨⎉䖍ᾘ↚⛞槛處 䲻 ᾏ虇⢷ 㛨 㢒 㢹 ら 䱚虇㜿 亓 ヱ ㎟ ⏜虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㞾 ⬑ ⃤ 孲捚䠓虚㞾▵嬐⢷㜿亓≂伀⎉䖍ㄛ虇㏜㢘㲙⮐䠓孲捚虚 䲻 ‛虇㜿 亓 Ὶ ⏜ 䠓 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ⶜ ⁴ 吁 ⎦ ⁉ 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇㞾 ▵ ⡯䉉㜿亓凥伢军懼㑈㵉虚 䲻 ᾘ虇ᾏ ‪ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㸡 㢘 ⢷ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 孲 捚 婰 ⎉ 䖍 懝 䠓 㢇 ┆虇㎠ ↠ ╗ 㞾 ▵ 嬐 ▛ 㮲 ⁴ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 孡 〵 ℕ 孲 捚 虚 呴 㞾 虇 䀥⏖╗⬑⃤虚9 ㎠↠⬑㤫テㄭ㜿亓凥伢䠓孡〵䖕孲⾛₾ℕ凥 伢虇ㄗ⪩㟑ⷀ⫀┊―伢㜖㢻怺捜嬐䠓⴦㛨㛨⶝☛䫭ⴇ㊞儸Ҹ10 ㎠ ↠ ᾜ 㞾 嬐 ▵ ⴩ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ⃫ 冔 䠓 䖕 孲虇军 㞾 柳 ― ⁥ ↠ 䠓 䖕 孲 9

10

ℚ處㢒⿤䚷 䠓㥢五 ⋻儙䠽虇䔚⢚ 槾䖕孲䉉⦉䣲 娺㵉㻐姏虇军㼆 䑦 䠽 ⏖ 䖕 孲 ⃫ ⦉ 䣲 㐙 㬽 冏 桀 坞 Ҹ 䔚 ⢚ 槾 處ҿ 䫭 䠓 ⿂ ⿤ ⢷ ⁉ 朢 處 虇榐 36-37Ҹ 㢒⿤ 䫼▇‣䫼䵏㢮 崏伢␓宧 Ӏ 虃欨 㾾處ⴲ懢虇1979虄 ℚ處庌 ‣ ⓐ ᾘ 䱯虇⬑ 㤫 ⁴ 㜿 亓 䠓 孡 〵 ℕ 䢚虃 ╒ ㄡ ⋺ 26蚙 35虄虇 ⷀ 㢒 䖕 孲 䉉 榟 宏 凅 䯛 ⦉ 䣲 䠓 ‚ 忮Ҹᾜ 懝虇庌 ‣ ⓐ ᾘ 1蚙 11a 㞾 䜅㟑儳䣍桕汣䠓㎉㈣⋶ⵈ军棭榟宏虇憨⶜䜅㟑䠓⵺⃫⶜巰ℕ 尹虇┊㢘╵ᾏ↚㊞ㆬ◱蘼厂㝋戲㵄伢㜖厖⦉䣲䠓杫⅑虇╾╒ B. S. Childs, Isaiah, OTL (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001), 420-23Ҹ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


10

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

㝈 㹤 ⪥虇⴫ 仵 ‗ 卹 ⾀ ⪩ ᾏ 灭 䰉 朢虇欥 ⋗ 䦣 䰅 伢 㜖 㢻 怺 ㏏ 姷 懣 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇ᾜ 䚷 㐙 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ⃫ 冔 ┮ ℕ 㸡 㢘 䠓 孏 ㆄ虇䧻 ⫦ ⢷ 伢 㜖 ᾙ虇ℎ 伢 㜖 崙 ㄦ 㚾 桱 䧃 䨝虇ℚ ⬑ ⁴ 庌 ‭ 㢇 ⓐ ⡪ 䱯 12 厂 15 䵏 ⷀ 孲 ⃫ ⪸ ℎ ⨽ 嗌虇╾ 㞾 ᾙ ᾚ 㜖 㞾 㒖 嗦 ⾃ 㵣 ↺ 䔚 军 尹 䠓虃 庌 ⓐ ⡪ 4虄虇 䉉 ⃤ 嬐 ␯ 㕡 憨 㸡 㢘 杫 憲 䠓 ⅰ ㇾ ◱ 虚

[ ូᒙ᫆◶ \ ! 䖍⢷⁜榗㒐ⴗ㜿亓䖕孲凥伢䠓㝈㹤❝虚 ⌅ ⵵虇憨 㞾 㜿 亓 㛨 㢒 䚷 ⃫ 憲 ▗ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤虇ⓐ ⎕ 㢘 㛗 ⢿ 厖 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ら 䱚 余 ⵕ 杫 ⅑虇⛞ 槛 㞾 䖍 ⁲ ⁉ 䉉 ― 㐙 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 Ӂ 䖍 ⁲ ⒥ ӂ虇 㐙 伢 㜖 懝 ⎕ ⵢ ㊞ 㢁 孲 虇 11 ⡃ 捜 ㄀ 榎 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ㊞ 儸 ☛ ⊈ ⇋虇崙 ㎟ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ╹ 㞾 䉉 ― 拜 ▗ ㄛ ℕ 䠓 㜿 亓 凥 伢虇ㆌ 䛴 ― 伢 㜖 㢻 ℕ 䠓 ㊞ ㆬҸ憨 䮽 戇 ╥ ᾏ 䵏 ⓙ 䵏 伢

11

ⵢ ㊞ 䠓 ≂ 伀 虇 ℕ 卹 垖 㧋 㑘 〤 虃 Socrates虄 Ὶ ⏜ 䠓 ╳ ⌇ ⾛ 卧 虇 ㄛℕ㄀榎―䛿㛨ҷ䓅⪹☛㛨㢒䠓⚁ⴇ☛⴦㛨姷懣Ҹ㝸㢮䠓ⵢ ㊞虇喛呌㝋姷懣⚁ⴇ孏ㆄ㟑仟▗䫭尀㊞巰Ҹ䐈⎴㞾嗦▜䠓愾 履 ⵅ ⿇ 䚷 䠓 㐏 ⽶虇㜾 ⪩ ‭ ⴇ 㻍虃 Stoicism虄䠓 ⚁ ⴇ ⵅ ㄗ ⿇ ⁴ ⵢ ㊞ㆬ冒㝈㹤虇㐙㜾⪩‭Ὴ儸厖㻐姛⴦㛨ら䱚杫⅑Ҹ䜅⋷棱寤 履㻐姛⴦㛨䬽⊏☛䫭尀懝⎕憆ⅰ㟑虇㜾⪩‭ⴇ㻍➦寵ㄭᾜ▗ 㟑⴫䠓䬽⊏虇䠋䖍⵵幹䢮㳲䠓⋶ⵈҸ憨㞾ₐ⢥坘嗦ⵢ㊞䠓孲 捚㝈㹤虇㐙╳厙䠓䫭尀厖孲捚冔䠓⚁ⴇ仟▗虇⬑⋻⋒⏜⋺ᾥ 亏 䠓 ╳ ⾛ 卧 寸 ⁉ 唆 欻虃 Homer虄☛ 㼆 ⾛ ⫶ ㅆ虃 Hesiod虄Ҹ尭 䀟 ⴇ㞾⁥↠䠓Ὴ嬐䦣䰅⽴⌆Ҹ㄀榎‭㴆⸀⪶ⴇ㻍䠓㞾棭Ὴ㻐䓅 ⪹ 㛨Ҹ㜟 儔虃 Philo Judaeus of Alexandria虄㞾 䜅 ᾼ 䠓 姷 姷 冔 虇 ⁥尜䉉䓅⪹䠓伢㜖㞾䫭㏏灧䫉䠓虇㞾令䊰岻尳䠓虇㞾卹彂䠓 䫭䠓尀尭虇嬐㷑孲捚冔䊰㨬₅⢿㢜ㄭҸ‭㴆⸀⪶䓅⪹⁉䠓ᾥ 䛛孏虇悒⌅⁥⾃②㜾⣵≂伀㢃杙虇䢃㔴╦⾛卧㜖⒥☛⚁ⴇ㄀ 榎Ҹ⁥ 嬐 似 㒐 䓅 ⪹ 䠓 䐈 幹虇ⷀ 嬐 㔴 亜 ‣ 伢 ᾼ ㄚ 㹤 䠓 ⳦ 棱 ㊞ 儸 Ҹ ᾜ懝憨╹㞾㲰嬐Ҹ⶜㝋㜟儔ℕ尹虇㢏捜嬐㞾坘嗦ⵢ㊞孲伢㝈 㹤虇㐙凥伢ᾼ䠓⚁ⴇ㊞儸䠋㔧⎉ℕҸ憨⚁ⴇ㊞儸㞾⴦㛨䠓⵵ 徟㝈㹤虇⢷䫭䫤䠓䛿巰㎥䫭凥䠓″㻐懣厂榑⹿Ҹ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

11

㜖 ⃫Ӂ ㍘ 毦 ӂ㌠ 峘 䠓 厘 ⑤虇㄀ 榎 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㜃 汣 ㊞ ㆬҸ12 㜿 亓 㟑 ⁲ 䠓 ⁉ 刾 ⴩ 戓 㢒 㢘 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ⃫ 冔 ⁴ ⪥ 䠓 孲 捚虇䉉 ⃤ ╹ 㢘 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ㏜ 㞾 㲙 ⮐ 虚 ㎠ ↠ 卹 尜 䉉 㜿 亓 ⅰ ㄡ虇⡯ 㳳 䵳 ⅰ 䛀 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ㏏ ら 䱚 䠓 ≂ 伀Ҹ慠 ⁲ ⴇ 冔 ᾜ 㞾 嬐 ╜ ⶜ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 䖕 孲 㝈 㹤虇军 㞾 ᾜ ▛ ㊞ ⶜ 㸡 㢘 ⢷ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 イ 䚷 䠓 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 伢 㜖 虇 梅 䨝 ⢿ ⁴ 榟 姷 ㎥ ⵢ ㊞ 㝈 㹤 孲 捚Ҹ呴 㞾 憨 㮲虇㎠ ↠ ᾜ 㞾 ⦔ ⅰ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 㢻 怺虇军 ╹ 㞾 㐙 㜿 亓 㟑 㢮 䠓 孲 伢 㝈 㹤虇䢚 䉉 ᾜ 劌 㛈 崙 ⢿ 䖕 孲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤Ҹ㎠ ↠ 抌 䥴 懢虇孲 伢 㝈 㹤 ⡯ 㟑 ⁲ 㛈 崙军㢘㏏䠋ⷤ虇ᾜ㞾⢉⴩㎟䉉姰捞⎴⁉ⅰⁿ䠓㮨䀥Ҹ 懁 ᾏ 㳴 ℕ 尹虇⢷ 㜿 亓 Ὶ ⏜ 䠓 孲 捚 㝈 㹤 㞾 ▵ ⋷ 䋅 撾 尳虇嬐 ⎿ 㜿 亓 㟑 㢮 ㏜ 㢘 㳲 䩉 䠓 䖕 孲 虚 │ 㞾 尹虇㗸 嬎ҷ⪶ 姪ҷ⁴ 庌 ‭ҷ 凅 ⎸ 丂ҷ⁴ 嬎 仟 䳘 抌 䖕 孲 撾 ―虇⁥ ↠ ≂ 懭 ☛ 䩉 ⅰ 戲 㟑Ӂ ᾜ ⴛ ⋷ ⛮ 䫉 ӂ䠓 ⅰ ⁿ虇䚩 厂 㐙 ⅰ ⁿ 撾 尳 ⢿ 㛨 ⶝Ҹ戲 灋虇卹 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥伢伢┆ヱ㎟䠓㜇䠍〃朢虇䜅㟑䠓⁴吁⎦⁉抌⋷㐙伢㜖崏 撾虇䚩 厂 ⒔ 㑻 戲 ‪ 伢 ┆ ⃫ 冔 虚 ㎠ ↠ ㏏ ⶙ 捜 䠓 凥 伢 ⁉ 䏸虇⬑ 䫭 ⁉ 㗸 嬎ҷ⋗ 䥴 ⁴ 庌 ‭ 䳘 抌 孲 撾 伢 㜖 虚 憨 㞾 ▵ 㢘 㲯 ⋻ ⋐ 虚 䊰 ╾ ▵ 尜虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 ⃫ 冔 ⿇ 厖 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㑘 ᾙ 杫 ⅑虇⿇ ⁴Ӂ ⵢ ㊞ 孲 伢 㹤 ӂら 䱚 厖 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 杫 ⅑虇⃕ 㞾 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ⃫ 冔 ㄭ 㸡 㢘 憨 㮲 䠓 ₐ ⢥Ҹ㜿 亓 凥 伢 ╜ 㞯 䠓 ╹ 㞾 ᾏ ⶞ 扷 ⎕ 䠓 ⵵ 㹐 虇 ᾜ 劌 ㎟ 䉉 㜃 汣Ҹℚ ⬑ 懼 凅 䯛 ⡃ ╁ 㜴 帻 䠓 ⴦ 㛨 ⁉ ⩺虇ⷻ 㹤 ⎸ 庌 ⁉ ☛ 㜖 ⩺ ᾼ 䠓 ⶠ 㜇虇ᾜ ⁲ 姷 ⁥ ↠ ⋷ 抌 㞾 憨 㮲Ҹᾜ 嬐 ⁴ 䉉 ㄚ 㹤 㞾 ᾜ ⬌ 䠓虇凅 䯛 仵 ヱ ⵈ 䉉 ㎟ ⋷ ㄚ 㹤虇军 ᾜ 㞾 ぱ 㔘 ㄚ 㹤虖ㄚ 㹤 䠓 俌 仟 㞾 ⦉ 䣲Ҹ䫑 ᾜ 㞾 䧃 柳 ㄚ 㹤虇▵ ⏖ 䫑 ΅ ᾜ 䚷 ⴗ 懍 弙 䵏 虇 12

ℚ處⪹ ‛ 13蚙 15虃 ᎘ᣞᎴ ឹᅗᑺ᎐ᛵ ᗐᜇ ᐿᡮἚ ⁈ ጱ ➭ ᯀ ᅗ

ⅉᅝᆋᩪᗔᅟᬉᷕጟវጛᐹ᎘Ꮺ⏧᩶ᙗᤛ፛ᅗᒴᑋᖻᾝᅗ ᶟᔾᓮᘊᓇᅜᑆᠥᔪិᏜ᳌ᕈጟវጛᅗᢢ᪌Ỵ᎘ᅙᆌᡮἚ ᳍ᩪᗔᅗᘝḸᬉᷕጟវጛᘍ᎘Ꮺ⏧ᙗᤛ፛Ꮄᅗᒴᑋᖻᾝᅗ ᛸᗭᔪិᒁድᅙ᱑៦ᢢ⑬➱᎐►ᐧ᛹ᙰⅉᛵᾭᅗⅉᅝᆋᔾ ᬙᤛ፛ ᎸᎤᔾ ᛵᗡጛ ᗔᆌ 虄 戇 䚷 ― ⃤ ⓐ ᾏ 1 䠓 ᾙ ⓙ 䵏 Ҹ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


12

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

⢷ⴘㇾ㝴㹊䝔╹㞾尹㞝㢘‪㤀嬎㵣ⴗⴘㇾ㝴㢃捜嬐Ҹ

[ ូᒙ᫆◶ \ ! 䚩灋㏜㞾伢㜖䠓┮㢻㊞儸虚 䢃 ⎿ 䖍 ⢷虇⁜ 㢘 ⁉ ⁴ 䉉 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ⁲ 姷 ㄚ 㹤 㟑 ⁲虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 ⁲ 姷 ㇸ ⌇ 㟑 ⁲Ҹ⌅ ⵵虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ☛ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ 弆 ⭚ 灭 ᾜ ▛虇䫭 㕏 戇 ⁴ 吁 ⎦ ⁉虇坘 嗦Ӂ ㄚ 㹤 ӂ厖 ⁥ ↠ 䱚 亓虃 ⎉ ⓐ Ῥ虇‛ ⓐ 䱯 虄虇ら 䱚 䫭 ⁉ 䠓 杫 ⅑虇Ӂ ㄚ 㹤 ӂ㎟ 䉉 䫭 ⁉ Ὶ 朢 ら 䱚 杫 ⅑ 䠓 峘 㙩 虃 䛂 ᾘ ⓐ ᾏ 䱯 虄虇 ⁥ ↠ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ 䚮 㻊 ⷀ 㞾 ⵵ 徟 ㄚ 㹤Ҹ⶜ ⁥ ↠ 帯 棱 䠓 䖕 孲虇╹ ᾜ 懝 㞾 䚷 ㎠ ↠ 䠓 孏 ㆄ ℕ 䖕 孲 ⁴ 吁 ⎦ ⁉ 䠓 ⴦ 㛨 孏 ㆄҸ⁥ ↠ 尜 䉉 䫭 ㏏ 㕏 戇 䠓 㶠 㝞 㢻 怺 ⷀ 㞾 ㇸ ⌇ 虇 ㄦ䫭幫‗ㄚ㹤虇ⷀ㞾䫭■⁥↠㕼䫉⁉⢷⢿ᾙ䖕㊂䠓䚮㻊㮰 ゞҸ⡯ 㳳 ⢷ ⎉ ⥒ ╙ 宧 ᾼ ⁴ 吁 ⎦ ᾜ 㝆 ⥚ ㆷ 䫭虇⢷ 䱚 亓 ⏜虃 ⎉ ‛ ⓐ 䱯 弆 虄䠋 ㆡ 䠓 㞾 㗸 嬎虇ᾜ 㞾 䫭虖⃕ ⢷ 䱚 亓 ㄛ虃 ⎉ ᾘ ⓐ ‛ 䱯 虄 虇 䠋 ㆡ 䠓 㞾 䫭 ―虇⁉ ᾜ 劌 㒘 䫑 ㏏ 嬐 㷑 ☛ 䢋 㢪 懝 㻊Ҹㄚ 㹤 㞾 ⁉ ╾ ⁴ ⇩ ⎿ 䠓虇▵ ⏖ 䫭 ΅ ᾜ 㢒 憨 㮲 ▸ ☟Ҹ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ㄚ 㹤 ⶜ 㗸 嬎 ℕ尹虇㞾䫭⶜⁉⢷⢿ᾙ䚮㻊䠓嬐㷑虇ᾜ㞾⁉憌㷑䠓ⴛ儝㮨 䀥虇⌅ ᾼ ╹ 㼘 ╙ ⇩ 厖 ᾜ ⇩虇⁴ ╙ 戄 姛 厖 ▵ 䠓 ⛞ 槛Ҹ㳲 ⬑ 䛂 ☌ 宧 ᾘ ⓐ 䱯 11 厂 14 䵏 㒖 ⎉ 虇 ᔾ ፂ ፶ ᙰ ᓮ ᘊ ᓇ ᛵ ⅆ ᘒ ᅗ ጰ ៦

ᓇ ⚈ ᒭ ᛵ ᅗ ጌ ጰ ៦ ◪ ᓇ ⅟ ᛵ ᅙ ጰ ៦ ᑋ ፞ ጆ ᅗ ᗐ ᓇ ⅉ ᅝᆋ ⊸ ᴝ ᔾ ᣞ ጆ ፞ ᗻ ጄ ᗔᅗᗐ ᔾ ᣞ ❯ ᖤ Ꮅ ᎔ ␉ ᒭ ᘏ ᅞ ᆌጌ ጰ ៦ ᑋ ᦫ Ꮚ ᅗ ᗐ ᓇ ⅉ ᅝᆋ ⊸ ᴝ ᔾ ᣞ ῜ ᦫ ᗻ ድ ᗔ ᅗ ᗐ ᔾ ᣞ ❯ ᖤ Ꮅ ᎔ ␉ ᒭ ᘏ ᅞ ᆌ᱑ ᾭ ᝩ ◪ ᓇ ᠻ ᜬᅗ᳍ ᑋ ᓇ ጕ ጱᅗᑋ ᓇ ፬ ᾝᅗᗐ ᓇᎵ᎔␉ᒭᅙ⎿―㜿亓虇㎠↠厖䫭䠓杫⅑ら䱚⢷凅䯛⦉䣲 怺 ᾙ虇军 ᾜ 㞾 ㄚ 㹤Ҹ⡯ 㳳 ⋸ 冔 㞾 ᾜ ▛ 䠓虇㎠ ↠ 梏 嬐 㐙 ⋸ 冔 㵣 悒❝虚Ⅼ儔䠓㛨⶝ᾏ⴩㵣⁴庌‭ҷ凅⎸丂⊹⑬❝虚

!‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

13

㳳 ⪥虇╗ 㢘 ⁉ 尜 䉉 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 䫭 㞾 ⋻ 儸 䠓虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓䫭㞾㋗㊪䠓Ҹ㐙䫭䖕孲䉉╾㛈崙䠓虇憨孏ㆄ䱮䋅ᾜ㞾⛞ 槛虇䢮 㞾 ⁳ ⁉ 寺 䛿 蘼 ㄦ ⎉ 憨 㮲 䠓 仟 履虇⡯ 䉉 ㎠ ↠ 㐙 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ☛ 㜿 亓 㢇 ┆ 䠓 ⋶ ⵈ 㵣 悒虇憨 㞾 ᾜ ⋻ 。 䠓虇䐈 ⎴ 㞾 ⁴ 亓 㢇 ‭ 宧 䳘 懁 ⋴ ㍘ 寀 Ὶ ⢿ 㟑 䠓 凥 ㎿ 㛨 ⶝ ⃫ ⁲ 姷虇㢹 劌 ╜ 㞯 ⋷ 棱 䠓 ㉔ 㹐Ҹ 13 ⢷ ⋗ 䥴 㜖 ⴇ ᾼ虇ⷀ ⪩ 㢘 ⶜ 䫭 ㋗ ㊪ 䠓 汣 㢒虇ℚ ⬑ ⃤ 嬎 柎 㢇 䲻 ⓐ ᾏ 䱯Ҹ␯ ᾙ ㎠ ↠ 䚷 ℕ ⃫ 㵣 悒 䠓虇㞾 㜿 亓 䬞 概 㢇 ☛ ℎ ㄡ

13

⢷ ㎿ 䎼 ᾼ 嬐 㵉 㔘 㜄 ⁉ 虇 ╹ 㞾 ╜ 㞯 Ӂ 凥 ㎿ ӂ 孏 ㆄ 虇 ⢷ 䛂 ᾒ 23蚙 26虇 ⓐ ‛ 20蚙 31㒖 ⎉ 嬐 䁔 令 ⎦ ⢚ 虇 ⡯ 䉉 ㇟ ㆤ ⁥ ↠ 䠓 ⴦ 㛨 ℎ ⁴ 吁 ⎦ ⁉ 憯 ㎟ 㾆 ‑ Ҹ 䛂 ‛ ⓐ 10蚙 18㢃 㾔 㫩 ″ ⁲ 凥 ㎿ 䠓 ┮ ⡯ 處 ᓇ

⓳ᜬዯ᥊ឈᅘᢢᕔᏞᛵ᥸ᣦᅗᐧᢢ⁝ឈᾝᛵᏫឝᓯᘍἰᛵ ᾭᅙ᎘ᣞᢍ᎔ᘍἰᛵᾭᑇᶤᓇᅗᶳᓇḶድឈᅗឈᾝᙰᑺᛵ ዷᱣᢢᶳᓇᥳᲒᅗ᚞ᗇᓇᅜᢍጰᜑℚᓇᘍᑗᅗ፜ᢢℚᓇᏞ ᎙ᅗᓇ᳍ᢢᲲᓾᖻឈᅙᡷᘍ᷒ᓇᛵ᧷ᕆឈᐐ᎕ᓇ፯ᅗᓇ᳍ ᢢᏸዼᮄ⃔᱑ឈᛵᖎዱᅙᬯᑺ᫥ጚᅘវጛᅘᠮ᧐ᅗᘍឈፇ ዯፎᛵᩨᛦᅗᓇᎵ᎔ᗻᠥᒢጥᛵᬶᛦᅙᡷᘍ᷒ᓇ᧷ᕆᓇፀ ∉ᛵᩨᛦ⋉ᶳᓇᅗᓇᎵ᎔ᑂᏸᅙ◪ᓇᠻ⅟ᛵᐾឈᅗጰ៦᱑ ᗈ᫓Ꮻᛵឈᅗᓇᱣᢢ᱑∐឵᎘ᅙᓄ᱑ᗈ᫓Ꮻᛵឈᅗᡷᘍ᷒ ᓇ᧷១⋉ᓇᠥỔᅗᗥጱጉᑺᦟᥖᛵᅗዯᣥጰᎵᑜ᧒ᅜᏁᢢ ἇᡷᘍ᷒ᓇ᧷ᙰᓮᘊᛵ᫶᱑⅖ዷᅘᗉ⇴ᓗዷᅘ᢯ᝨዷᅘ፾ ᓗ᠕ዷᅘᔪᏦዷᅘᡷᏖᴒዷᱣỴᶮᮧ⃔ᅗᓑᬗ᎘ᣞ᭖⍈ᓇ ᣞ⍆ᰂዯፎᎵ⇭᳢ᛵᗇᅗ᳍៦᎘ᣞᐿᒢጥ᧷ᙰᒭᛵᅗ᎔ᢄ ᓇᣞᬗ ὢᡷᘍ ᷒ᓇᣞ ᛵ᧷ᅙ 憨㵄伢㜖㞝槾⶜戲‪㍘寀Ὶ⢿⁴⋶☛⁴⪥䠓⁉㶠虇㢘ᾜ▛䠓 埤䖕愵㹤虇⢷桱⃯䚩懯䠓▓⥝㞾╾⁴☛。⌀埤䠓虇⁥↠ᾜ刾 ☛⬌㏜厖⁥↠朚㎿Ҹᾜ懝⢷⢚㶠䠓⥝ⷀ㞾㵏䁔㽷令䠓虇戲‪ ⁉ⷀ㞾建⁉ҷ‭㗸⎸⁉ҷ慵ⓦ⁉ҷ㵣⎸㺦⁉ҷ⾛㢹⁉ҷ凅⾒ 㜾 ⁉虇⋜ ㄦ ⁥ ↠ 㛨 ⶝ ⃯ ↠ ⴇ 兡 ᾏ ⎖ ╾ ㌝ ㉰ 䠓 ‚Ҹ㢇 ‛ ⓐ ᾘ 6蚙 11΅ ▛ 㮲 ⁴ ⴦ 㛨 䖕 䛀 虇 ⁴ ᾜ 劌 㚨 桫 䠓 䖕 䛀 㐙 䜅 ⢿ ⁉ 比 弤 Ҹ 㗸 Ῥ 7蚙 8㒖 ⎉ 䫭 ΅ ⶜ ⎦ 戵 㔰 ╥ ᾏ 㮲 䠓 姛 ⑤ 虇 ᾜ 懝 仟 㤫 㞾 Ⅼ 䛨 ⁴ 吁⎦⁉虃ᡷᘍ᷒ⅉᅝ᎔ᒩᐬዷᤐᅗᔾᩥጰᡒᓇᣞᑙᎶ⁘ዷ

ṳᅞᔾᩥጰ៦↊᎔ᒩᐬዷᎤᤛ፛ᑊᅗ↊᜾ᓗ጗ዷᎤ᢯ᴑ ᩠ᅗ↊ᗉ✢ዷᎤᐷ⽷ṳᅞ᎐ᡷᘍ᷒ᛵᯗᐂ⁜ᡒ᱑ᑺὢᛵ ᫓ᅗᏜ᫶᱑᫓ᬙᑊጆỴᶮᅗᝩጰ᫶ṅᐾᤲỴᶮᮧ⃔ᅙ᱑៦ ᡷᘍ᷒ ⅉᛵᅙ 虄Ҹ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


14

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

㢇ⅰ虇憨槭ㆶ幹䠓⋶ⵈ虇䜅䋅㸡㢘₊⃤㛊⃣⢮⢿䠓凥㎿孏 ㆄ虇ᾏ 㞾 〃 ⁲ ☛ 剛 㟾 ᾜ ▛虇埤 ⨒ 㢘 ⎴虖‛ 㞾 㢇 ⵺ 䡽 䠓 ΅ ᾜ ᾏ 㮲虇⡯ 㳳 ⋸ 冔 㵣 悒 ⎉ ℕ 䠓 仟 㤫 㞾 㸡 㢘 ㊞ 儸 䠓Ҹ㳲 ⬑ 㵣 悒 ㎿ 䎼 梊 ㄀ ☛ ㊪ ㉔ 梊 ㄀虇卹 䋅 㢒 㢘 ㎹ 䋅 ᾜ ▛ 䠓 仟 履Ҹ㜿 亓 凥 伢 㢻 怺 テ 屎 䫭 䠓 ㊪虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ΅ 㞾虇ᾜ 懝 䚷 ― ᾜ ▛ 䠓 㝈 㹤 ▶ ― Ҹ

⡪ҷ╲埮ゞ孏ㆄ⡯亯! ㎠ ↠ 䚷 ― ᾏ ‪ 孏 ㆄ虇孲 㸉 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ⢷ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ㍘ 䚷 ᾙ ㏏ イ 弆 䠓 ⛞ 槛虇⪩ 捜 ㍘ 毦 ⷀ 㞾 ⌅ ᾼ Ὶ ᾏҸ│ 㞾 伢 㜖 㢘 㢻 怺 䠓 ㊞ ㆬ虇ᾜ 懝 伢 㜖 ⢷ ᾜ ▛ 㟑 㢮 㢘 ⴒ ╵ ⪥ 䠓 ㊞ ㆬҸ戲 ‪ ⁴ 䉉 伢 㜖 㢘 ⪩ 捜 ㊞ 儸 䠓 虇 㢃 尜 䉉 䫭 㞾 伢 㜖 䠓 Ӂ ⃫ 冔 ӂ虇 14 䫑 ╾ ⁴ ⶜ ᾜ ▛ 䠓 ⁉ 姷 懣 ᾜ ▛ 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇ℚ ⬑ 䓅 ⪹ 㛨 ☛ ⦉ 䣲 㛨 ⶜ 伢 㜖 䠓 䖕 孲 ᾜ ▛虇憨 抌 㞾 ⁳ ⁉ ⡿ ㉠ 䠓Ҹ伢 㜖 㢻 怺 䛀 㜖 ⳦ 㭚 ㎟虇⁜ ╦ 㜖 ⳦ 䠓 嬞 䵓 ☛ 柟 ⏅虇⬑ 㤫 ᾜ 䖕 㢒 㜖 ⳦ 䠓 ┮ ⏖虇⫦ ⋴ ㎠ ↠ 䐈 ⴩ 䠓Ӂ ㊞ 儸 ӂ☛Ӂ 埤 ⨒ ӂ婰虇憨 厖 灒 ⪶ ⁨ ゞ 䠓 孲 ䷳ 㢘 ⃤ ⎕ ⎴ 虚 ⬑ 㤫 㢘 Ӂ ⪩ 捜 ӂ㊞ 儸虇│ ⁲ 姷 ㎠ ↠ 䖍 ⢷ ㏏ ⅰ ⫘ 䠓 ᾜ 㞾 ⚾ ᾏ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ 虖 㢃 ⪶ 䠓 ⛞ 槛 㞾 虇 ㎠ ↠ 㧈 㢻 ᾜ 䥴 ᾚ ᾏ ⏊ 㢒 ▵ 崙 ㎟ ╵ ᾏ 捜 ㊞ㆬ虇 呴 䋅䠓 尀虇㎠ ↠㒐 ⴗ䖍⁙ 䠓Ӂ ㊞儸ӂ ╗㢘 ⃤㊞儸 ◱虚 15 憨 䮽 尹 㹤 ⪩ ℕ 卹Ӂ ‚ ㄛ ⳣ 㞝 ゞ ӂ孲 伢虇ⷀ 㞾 㐙 䖍 ⵵ 䠋 䚮 䠓 ‚ 䧻 ⫦ ⋴ 伢 㜖 婰虇⬑ 伢 㜖 ᾏ 㝸 ⾁ 宧 悘 憨 ‚ ₅ 䠓 䠋 䚮虇⡃ 㧋 ℕ 尹虇憨 ᾜ ⷻ 㝋 孲 伢 虇 军 㞾 䛀 䜅 ‚ ⁉ ₊ ㊞ ⢿ Ӂ 忑 怹 ӂ 伢 㜖 Ҹ 16

14

15

16

憨㮲䠓䢚㹤㞝槾㐙⃫冔䠓㊞ㆬ㏼㢁虇䫭⬑㤫坘嗦灧䫉ℎ⁉㞝 䠌 䫑 䠓 ㅒ ㊞虇⁉ ⷀ 䚷 㜖 ⳦ ⶖ Ὶ 姷 懣虇㎠ ↠ ㄗ 桲 㐙 䫭 嬥 䉉 ⃫ 冔 虇 䐈⎴⾛₾ℕ凥伢㼘╙ᾜ▛䠓佷們栝㵄Ҹ ⃕⁴䖕㢇ⷀ㞾㞝槾䠓ℚⳟ虇㴆⁲䠓孲伢冔抌㐙伢㜖孲⃫⡭㍘ ⁥ ↠ 䜅 㟑 䠓 埤 ⨒ 虇 ⬑ 欻 ᾐ 彾 ㅆ 虃 Luther Martin虄 㐙 ⓐ ᾏ 36蚙 ⓐ ‛ 12 䢃 㒖 㜄 ⦉ 䣲 䉉 㛨 䠖 Ҹ 憨㉔㹐⿇⢷䖕孲㢺ᾥ‚₅ᾙ⎉䖍虇ㄗ⪩㟑戇╥伢㜖ᾏ䵏ⓙ 䵏虇⡭㍘䖍⁙䠋䚮䠓‚㉔虇⁴吁⎦ㄸ⢚ⷀ㞾㞝槾䠓ℚⳟҸ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

15

[ ូᒙ᫆◶ \ ! 凥棗㊮⑤㎠↠虇╾▵ℎ㎠↠ᾜ䚷䖕㢒伢㜖┮㢻䠓㊞ㆬ虚 ⢷ 埤 䖕 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ☛ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 㟑虇㎠ ↠ ⪩ 䠋 ⷤ ― ᾏ ‪ ╲ 埮 ゞ 䠓 孏 ㆄ虇厂 㝋 ⬑ ⃤ ⌆ 汣 嗌 ⵵虇⁴ ╙ ⬑ ⃤ 㰱 嬥 ⴒ 㞾 ▵ ▗ 䖕 ⏖ 㲯 ⫘Ҹℚ ⬑Ӂ 䖕 孲 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ᾜ 劌 劺 桱 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇▛ 㮲 虇 䖕 孲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ᾜ 劌 劺 桱 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ӂ虇 17 ⏜ ⓙ 䵏 ⶩ 䴦 ▗ 䖕 虇 ⴦ 㛨 㞾 ᾜ 㝆 䠋 ⷤ 䠓虇⎿ ― 㜿 亓 㟑 㢮虇⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ▓ 伢 ┆ ⦉ 㢻 ᾙ ⾁ ⳧ ⢷虇㛨 㢒 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ ら 䱚 㝋 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 Ὶ ᾙ虇 18 憨 㞾 ᾜ ⵈ 僽 䜠 䠓虇⡯ 㳳Ӂ 䖕 孲 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ᾜ 劌 劺 桱 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ӂ㞾 ╾ ⁴ 䖕 孲 䠓Ҹᾜ 懝虇⬑ 㤫Ӂ 䖕 孲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ᾜ 劌 劺 桱 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ӂ虇 ⷀ 憯 ㎟ ― 䜠 ⛞虇憨 䰅 䱮 ⬑ ⃤ 嗌 ⵵虇╗ 㞾 ▵ ▗ 䖕 虚 ㎠ ↠ 杀 崏 凅 ⎸ 丂 ♏ 㳛虇㎥ 㞾 亓 ₾ 宧 䳘 㢇 ┆虇䐈 ⎴ 㞾 ᾏ ‪ 㸡 㢘 ⢷ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 イ 䚷 䠓 伢 ┆虇⬑ ⃤ ㄭ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ℕ 䢚 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ◱ 虚 伢 㜖 䠓 ┮ ㊞㞾▵梏嬐冒㋽虚㎠↠⬑㤫䧻㐙ㄛℕ䠓㜿亓凥伢孏ㆄ⫦⢷ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㧈 㢻 戓 㢹 䠋 ⷤ 䠓 㟑 㢮虇╗ 㞾 ▵ ▗ 䖕 虚 䊰 ㆹ ㎠ ↠ ╾ ⢷ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ᾼ 䢚 ⎿ ㄗ ⪩ ㄛ ℕ 䠓 孏 ㆄ虇ℚ ⬑ ᾘ ⃜ ᾏ 汣ҷ凅 䯛 ⦉ 䣲ҷ凥 棗 ☛ 㛨 㢒 ―Ҹ凥 伢 ら 䱚 ㎠ ↠ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ虇╾ 㞾 ㄛ ℕ 䠋 ⷤ ⎉ℕ䠓䫭ⴇ孏ㆄ虇┊╗㎟䉉㎠↠杀崏⏜㢮伢┆䠓柟⏅☛㮨 䀥蘼䊰ㆹᾏ‪㝱㸡㢘榟姷凅䯛⦉䣲虇╗桲⁴㢘Ӂ⪩捜㊞儸ӂ 䠓⾛₾ℕ凥伢伢┆虇⋷⢷㛨㢒ᾼ╦⎿ㆌ䛴Ҹ

17 18

E. F. Davis and R. B. Hays, eds., The Art of Reading Scripture (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003), 3. ⡃㧋ℕ尹虇㍘封戓⒔㑻⾛儔㟑⁲⋸亓Ὶ朢䠓孏ㆄҸ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


16

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

½ ᢢ╞ᢽỹ ¾ ! 1. ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 伢 㜖 㢻 怺 ⡯ 亯 ⶝ 厃 ⅰ ㄡ 悒 桲 㔛 㕰 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥伢䠓ⅰㇾҸ 2. 㛨 㢒 ≂ 伀 悤 䢚 䓅 ⪹ ≂ 伀 虇 㐙 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ⢿ ⃜ 柜 ⃝ Ҹ 3. 㛨 㢒 ≂ 伀 㐙 㜿 亓 䢚 䉉 ㎟ ⷀ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 ㍘ 寀 虇 仟 㤫 㜿 亓崙ㄦ悒䉉捜嬐Ҹ 4. 㛨 㢒 ≂ 伀 䖕 孲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤 虇 ⶝ 厃 ⅰ ㄡ ㆌ 䛴 㔛 㕰 ⾛₾ℕ凥伢㢻怺䠓㊞儸Ҹ

III. ᡘᖖᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ᛵ፵ᛈ ㎠ ↠ 嬐 䖕 孲 䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤虇⋗ 嬐 㾔 㫩 䥴 懢 ⶜ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢ҷ㜿 亓 凥 伢 ☛ 亊 伀 䫭 ⴇ 䠓 䦣 䰅 㝈 ■ 㞾 ᾜ ▛ 䠓虇ᾜ 劌 㐙 ᾘ 冔 㾆 㽕虇䢚 ㎟ ╹ ㄦ ᾏ 䮽 埤 䖕 㝈 㹤Ҹ㎠ ↠ ⢷ 孲 崏 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㟑虇䱚 ⏊ 㐙 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 孏 ㆄ 䧻 ⫦ ᾚ ╊虇㢏 ⿇ 嬚 䠓 ⷀ 㞾 榟 姷 凅 䯛 ⦉ 䣲 䠓 䖕 孲 㝈 㹤Ҹ 19 ⬑ 㤫 ⢷ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 㐍 ⎿ 憨 䮽 孲 捚虇䜅 䋅 㸡 㢘 ₊ ⃤ ᾜ ⬴虇ᾜ 懝 憨 ╹ 劌 ⁲ 姷 㜿 亓 㛨 㢒 㟑 㢮 ⶜ 戲 㵄 伢 㜖 䠓孲捚虇㢹ㅔ⁲姷封㵄伢㜖⢷伢┆ᾙᾚ㜖䠓埤⨒ᾼ⚾ᾏ孲 捚Ҹ⡯ 㳳虇憨 㞾 䦣 䰅 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤Ҹ䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇䖕 ㍘ ⋗ ㄭ 封 㵄 㜖 ⳦ 㐍 ⎉ 䜅 ᾼ 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇军 ᾜ 㞾 䱚 ⏊ 㐙 ㎠ ↠ 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ 孏 ㆄ 䧻 ⫦ ᾚ ╊Ҹ│ 㞾 尹虇㎠ ↠ 嬐 ⿅ ⎉ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㢻 怺 䠓 ㊞ ㆬ ⶜ 䖍 ⁙ ⅰ ⁿ 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇㏜ 㞾 䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 欥 嬐 䡽 䠓Ҹ厂 㝋

19

䔚⢚槾㐙䍣䫼䠓䫼䐁⎕⎴䖕孲䉉ᾜ▛㊞儸虇⋻䏪⃫Ӂ榕㢜䏅 军 ㅜ ╦ ⑭ 呵 䠓 Ὴ ӂ虖⋻ 儙 ⃫Ӂ 令 ⶜ 㥣 榕 䠓 Ὴ 凅 䯛 ӂ虖湴 ⃫ 䉉Ӂ ⷻ ⪸ 㝞 槭 䠓 䀟 榼 ӂҸ╒ 䔚 ⢚ 槾處ҿ 䫭 䠓 ⿂ ⿤ ⢷ ⁉ 朢 Ӏ虇榐 264-68Ҹ ⃫冔ⴛ⋷ㆌ䛴―䍣䫼䠓㊞儸㞾宝䫭✫㈔䠓䫼虇ᾜ▛䠓䐁䛫⁲ 姷⁉╾㒘卹⾀䠓伢䅮劌␪⫘䔊虇㸡㢘ᾏ↚⁉⡯伢䅮⛞槛军ᾜ 劌仵䫭䔊䫼Ҹ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

17

㜿 亓 凥 伢 ㆝ 㮲 䖕 孲虇⏖ 㞾 䲻 ‛ 㳴 䠓 埤 䖕 ⽴ ⪺虇戲 㞾 䦣 䰅 㜿 亓 㟑㢮⶜戲㵄伢㜖䠓䖕孲㝈㹤虇⁴╙⶜㎠↠ⅰⁿ䠓㊞儸Ҹ ⾛₾ℕ㜖凥伢!

㜿亓!

䖍⁙䠓㊞儸!

ᾚ⢥姷䫉ᾘ䮽榧⥮䠓ᾜ▛䦣䰅㝈㹤Ҹ !

⾛₾ℕ凥伢!

㜿亓凥伢!

亊伀䫭ⴇ!

䦣䰅

⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㳲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㳲 ⁴ 㜿 亓 凥 伢ҷ⾛

䵓⢜

⌇ 䉉 Ὴ虇染 ⁴ 伢 ⌇ ☛ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 伢 㜖 ⪥ 幖 㜨 䠓 䦣 䰅Ҹ 㳲 ⌇ 䉉 Ὴ虇␯ ᾙ 䠓 䦣 䰅 仟 㤫虇␯ ⋸ 亓 Ὶ 朢 䠓 㜖 ᾙ ≂ 伀ҷ䖕 ㆶ ☛ 䔊虇伢 ⪥ 幖 㜨 䠓 伢 毦ҷ䥴 峧 ☛ ⚁ 䦣䰅Ҹ!

ⴇҸ!

㹊ⴇ

孲捚伢㜖䠓㊞ 孲捚伢㜖䠓㊞ ら䱚䫭ⴇ☛⚁

䡽䠓

儸Ҹ!

寽捚

坘嗦伢㜖䠓㊞ 坘嗦伢㜖䠓㊞ 䊵灭⢷㝋ⅰⁿ

㝈■

儸 ⿅ ⎉ ⶜ ㎠ ↠ 儸 ⿅ ⎉ ⶜ ㎠ ↠ 儳 汣 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇ら

儸Ҹ!

ⴇ䠓嬐儸Ҹ!

⁙ ⪸ 䠓 ㊞ 儸 Ҹ ! ⁙ ⪸ 䠓 ㊞ 儸 Ҹ ! 䱚 ⴦ 㛨 䠓 㛨 儸Ҹ!

!‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


18

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇Ὴ 嬐 䠓 䵓 ⢜ 㞾 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㳲 ⌇ ☛ 伢 㜖 ⁴ ⪥ 䠓 幖 㜨虇䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㳲 ⌇虇㞾 㒖 伢 㜖 ⢷ 伢 ┆ 劗 仰 ᾼ ㍘ 㢘 䠓 ㊞ 儸虇弔 弙 㜖 ⳦ 柟 ⏅ 䠓 ㊞ 儸 ᾜ 㞾 欥 嬐 䡽 㮨虇ℚ ⬑ ⁴ 庌 ‭ 㢇 ᾒ 䱯 14 䵏 ⋗ 䥴 仵 ‗ ‭ ♗ 㜾 ᎔ ᪑ ፇ ᓗ 䠓 ⋕ 榼虇㒘 伢 㜖 䠓 ᾙ ᾚ 㜖 ℕ 尹 㞾 㢘 㟑 朢 剛 㟾虇ⷀ 㞾 䜅 ᎔ ᪑ ፇ ᓗ 憨 ⳸ 䱴 戓 㢹 㡘 ㄦ 㩓 ㉰ 㙖 ✓ 䠓 㟑 ↨虇㛊 㙙 ‭ ♗ 㜾 䠓 ⁴ 吁 ⎦ 䔚 ☛ ‭ 垼 䔚 ㅔ 懼 㩓 令 蘩 庌 ᾒ 16蘪 Ҹ 仟 㤫 ‭ ♗ 㜾 ┊ 㐤 棯 ‭ 慿 虇 ‭ 慿 ⎉ ⌄ 㐙 ‭ 垼 㼗 䁔虇╗ ㏢ 㛦 ⁴ 吁 ⎦虇孲 柳 ― ‭ ♗ 㜾 䠓 ─ 㯮Ҹ╾ 㞾 㑪 ℕ ‭ 慿 䔚 㛊㙙虇伢㜖㢏ㄛ㒖⎉᎘Ӊ‭慿ӊᢢ᤺Ḷᨙℒᅗ῝€ᓇᛵᑊ 虃 庌 ⋺ 8虄虇憨 婰 䠓 ᓇ ⷀ 㞾 ᎔ ᪑ ፇ ᓗ 虇㊞ ㆬ 㞾 㒖 ‭ 慿 䔚 㛊 㙙 䓅⪶㟑虇᎔᪑ፇᓗ㢘卹⾀䠓጖ᑊҸ⡯㳳憨㵄伢㜖㵚榗ᾏ朚 ⭚ ⷀ イ 䛂 䉉 榟 姷 凅 䯛 ⦉ 䣲虇┊ ㆌ 䛴 ┮ 㢻 ⢷ ⁴ 庌 ‭ 㢇 䐈 ⴩ 埤 ⨒ ᾼ䠓㊞儸Ҹ 伢 㜖 ⁴ ⪥ 䠓 幖 㜨 ⒔ 㑻 ⁴ 吁 ⎦ ⁉ 㢻 怺 ☛ ⪥ 㝞 䠓 幖 㜨虇䐈 ⎴ 㞾 厖 凥 伢 宧 悘 㢘 杫 䠓 幖 㜨虇ℚ ⬑ 冒 ╳ 䠋 䖍 ☛ 慠 㤀 ⢿ Ⓩ 㜖 䔊 虇 憨 ‪ 幖 㜨 ╾ ⁴ 䉉 伢 㜖 㕟 K 槜 ⪥ 剛 㟾 幖 㜨虇ℚ ⬑ ⎦ 䔚 亏 ᾚ ‛ ⓐ 䱯 20 䵏 㕞 慿 ⾛ 嬎 ⵅ 㒥 㷯 ҷ 㒥 䀬 ☛ イ 㷃 ⋴ ⥝ 虇 㴆 ⁲ ㅦ ᾚ ᾘ ⓐ ‛ 䱯 30 䵏 ΅ 㛧 慿 ⾛ 嬎 ⵅ ⧄ ⧭ ⦉ 客 㹘 ᾙ 㿇 虇 イ 㷃 䢃 ᾚ 虇 㻐 ⢷ ⪶ 姪 ⥝ 䠓 嬎 戙Ҹ槾 䫉 䉉 ― ㍘ ⁧ ‭ 慿 嬎 㒎 ⦉ 䱚 懁 㛊虇⾛ 嬎 ⵅ ら 憯 ― ᒯ ♉ ᗉ ᒇ 蘩 庌 ‛ ⓐ ‛ 9ҷ11蘪虇⢷ ⸀ ᾚ 㒥 ― ᾏ 㨬 㷃 䀬 虇 㐙 ⦉ 客 䠓 㷃 イ ⎿ 憨 㷯Ҹ⢷ 1880 〃虇㢘 ‪ ⳸ 䱴 䠋 䖍 ᾏ ⧙ 䨠 㜖虇 川 䱚 㝋 彬 桱 嬎 儔 ‭ 䠓 㢺 䱾 亓 ‛ ⓐ ‣ ◝ 䠓 ⢿ 㝈虇䯀 䉉 嬎 儔 ‭ 䨠 㜖 虃 the Siloam Inscription虄 虇 ⋶ ⵈ 㳲 㞾 㕟 ╙ 憨 ら 憯 㷃 懢 䠓 ⽴ 䮚Ҹ20 厂 㝋 ⋻ ⋒ ⏜ 701 〃 ‭ 慿 䔚 嬎 㒎 ⦉ 䱚 㛊 ㏢ 凅 彾 㘡 ⍆ 䠓

20

╒ S. Lancaster and G. Long, "Where They Met: Separations in the Rock Mass Near the Siloam Tunnel's Meeting Point," BASOR 315 (1999): 15-26Ҹ厂 㝋 宝 履 䨠 㜖 䠓 ⋶ ⵈ虇╾ ╒ F. W. Dobbs-Allsopp and others, Hebrew Inscriptions: Texts from !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

19

‚ ₅虇‭ 慿 ⎉ ⢮ 䠓 䨠 㜖 ΅ 㢘 宧 悘虇封 䨠 㜖 㢘 ⓐ ‣ ◝ 汧虇◗ ⋼ 孡 ヱ 虇 㵞 棱 抌 ⏊ 㢘 㜖 ⳦ Ҹ 21 ㎠ ↠ 䦣 䰅 㜿 亓 凥 伢 㟑虇䜅 䋅 嬐 ╒ 冒 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 ⃫ 冔 ⾁ 仵 ㎠ ↠ 䫉 䵓 ⬑ ⃤ ㄭ 㜿 亓 孡 〵 䢚 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢Ҹ䦣 䰅 䵓 ⢜ 㞾 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㳲 ⌇ ҷ 㜿 亓 㳲 ⌇ ҷ 伢 ⪥ 幖 㜨 虃 ⬑ 冒 ╳ ⴇ 虄Ҹ ⡯ 㳳虇ㄭ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ℕ 䢚 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㞾 㳲 ⿇ ᾜ 懝 䠓 ⇩ 㹤Ҹ㢃 捜 嬐 䠓 㞾虇㜿 亓 凥 伢 ᾜ 㞾 䢃 㔴 㐎 㔴 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓虇⡯ 䉉 ᾼ 朢 戓 㢘⋸亓Ὶ朢㟑㢮虇⡃㧋ℕ尹虇㜿亓凥伢㐎㔴⋸亓Ὶ朢䠓孏 ㆄ虇ℚ⬑⪸ℎ⨽嗌ҷ⪸⦑⢿䓓䳘Ҹ 亊 伀 䫭 ⴇ 坘 嗦 伢 㜖 䠓 埤 ⨒虇⁴ 亊 伀 ☛ 戞 悾 仓 俣 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 ☛ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 䠓 幖 㜨虇␯ ᾙ ⌅ ⁥ ⴇ ⛞ ⬑ ⚁ ⴇ虇⢷ 㛨 儸 㢻 怺虃 ⬑ ⅰ 伢 虄ᾚ虇㒘 亊 伀ҷ戞 悾 杰 慿 ☛ 寽 捚 㛨 儸虇⁴ ら 䱚 ᾏ ⫦ ⅰ ⁿ 㛨 儸 䉉 䡽 䠓虇Ὴ 嬐 㞾 ⁴ 㜃 汣 䉉 ⎉ 䠋 灭虇⡯ 㳳 ╾ ⁴ 㑈 柳 ⌅ ᾼ 䠓 ⽽ 䛿虇䐈 ⎴ テ 屎 ᾏ 厃Ҹ㏏ ⁴ 亊 伀 䫭 ⴇ ⿇ 尜 䉉 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ㏏ 䚱 䚮 䠓孏ㆄ虇⾛₾ℕ凥伢ᾼ⾁㢘₞佩Ҹℚ⬑ホ庌‭㛠庥Ὴ䠓榟 宏 虇 㝸 ⢷ ␄ ᾥ 宧 ㎁ 僿 ⪞ ⮒ 㟑 虃 ␄ ᾘ 15虄 㒖 㞝 ⎉ ℕ Ҹ

[ ូᒙ᫆◶ \ ! 尜㾔ᾘ䮽ᾜ▛䠓㹊ⴇ㝈㹤虇⶜䖕孲伢㜖㢘⃤⬌埤虚

21

the Biblical Period of the Monarchy with Concordance (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005), 499-506Ҹ 杫 㝋 䨠 㜖 ⋶ ⵈ ╾ ╒ M. Cogan, "Sennacherib's Siege of Jerusalem (2.119B)," in The Context of Scripture, vol. 2, Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World, ed. W. W. Hallo (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 302-4Ҹ !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


20

ᔪᓈᗔὧ὚ ⶝ 履

㎠ ↠ 䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇╾ ⁴ ㄭ ᾜ ▛ 孡 〵 ☛ 㝈 㹤 埤 䖕 伢 㜖 ⿅ ⎉ 䠓 ㊞ 儸Ҹ㝱 ᾜ ╜ ⶜ ㄭ ᾼ ╾ ⁴ 㐍 ⎿ ᾏ 厃 䠓 孏 ㆄ虇ℚ ⬑ 䫭 㞾 ␄ 憯 ῊҸ΅ 㢒 㔴 ╦ 㢘 ⽽ 䛿虇ℚ ⬑ 䬞 䬜 抌 㞾 ℕ 卹 䫭虇⡯ 㳳 ≂ 懢 㢇ᾼ䠓孏ㆄ㢍イ弆ᾜⶠ宝履Ҹ 䜅 䋅虇㎠ ↠ 埤 䖕 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㟑虇᾵ ᾜ 㞾 㵚 榗 䖕 㢒 ⌅ ⁥ 㤀 嬎虇⛞ 槛 㧇 ㅒ 㞾 ℎ 䚷 䠓 䡽 䠓Ҹ㎠ ↠ ΅ ᾜ 㢒 䢇 ⅰ ╾ ㄭ 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ☛ 亊 伀 䫭 ⴇ 䢚 憞 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢虇㝱 㞾 憨 㮲虇⃤ ᾜ ⋗ 埤 䖕 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥伢虇样ㄛ⌜ら䱚⌅⁥㤀嬎◱虚

½ ᢢ╞ᢽỹ ¾ ! 1. 䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 Ὴ 嬐 㞾 㐍 ⎉ 伢 㜖 䠓 㛨 客 虇 䋅 ㄛ 㐙 㛨 客 䠓┮⏖㍘䚷⢷䖍⁙䠓埤⨒ᾼҸ 2. 䦣 䰅 䠓 幖 㜨 Ὴ 嬐 㞾 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 虇 ⁴ ╙ 䜅 㟑 ⁴ 吁 ⎦ ☛ ⪥ 㝞䠓伢⪥䢇杫幖㜨Ҹ

IV. ᩜ⊹᫆◶ 1. ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䢮 䠓 嬐 厖 㜿 亓 凥 伢 ⎕ ␁ 䦣 䰅 ❝ 虚 䉉 䚩 灋 虚 2. 㝸 㢮 㛨 䏅 ㏏ ら 䱚 䖕 孲 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㝈 㹤 虇 ⶜ ㎠ ↠ 㢘 䚩 灋 ㄀榎虚 3. 䓷 䱚 䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 㢘 䚩 灋 ㄀ 榎 ☛ ⊈ ⇋ 虚 4. ✽ 䓷 䦣 䰅 ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 虇 㢒 ⎉ 䖍 厖 㛨 㢒 ≂ 伀 ᾜ ᾏ 厃 䠓 ⅰ ⁿ 孏ㆄ❝虚䉉䚩灋虚

!‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


䲻ᾏ䱯! ⾛₾ℕ凥伢䠓⢿⃜╙⌅䦣䰅㝈㹤

21

V. ᪺ᒙᦀᐂ 㵣 䏍 柎 岍 ㅆҷ⾒ 広 ㇸ 㑫 䏍Ҹҿ 厙 亓 憞 㤟處⋷ 㝈 ⃜ 䦣 崏 厙 亓 ӀҸ 欨 㾾 處 ⢚ 株 凥 伢 ⓣ 㢒 虇 2001Ҹ 亓 兿 ㅆ 梆 ㇸҸ寀 ᾏ 㜿 峾Ҹҿ 厙 亓 㬑 履 ӀҸ⒦ ※處⒦ ※ ⪶ ⴇ ⎉ 䏗 䫍 虇 2004Ҹ 楚 䗮 柎 ⪩ Ҹҿ 楚 㶞 厙 亓 ⶝ 履 ӀҸ 欨 㾾 處 懢 刁 虇 1986Ҹ 㿇 㜛Ҹҿ ⾛ ₾ ℕ 凥 伢 䠓 㜖 㢻ҷ㴆 ▁ 厖 ㆬ ㊂ ᾥ 䛛 ӀҸ⒦ ※處⴦ 㛨 㜖 ⒥ ⎉ 䏗 䫍 虇 2007Ҹ 㫙 ⁴ ㅆ Ҹҿ 厙 亓 ⶝ 履 ӀҸ 欨 㾾 處 懢 刁 虇 1977Ҹ 広 㧠 Ҹҿ 厙 亓 伫 孌 ӀҸ 欨 㾾 處 䮽 丌 虇 1988Ҹ 広 㧠ҷ建 ₾ 䐈ҷ䛱 㜾Ҹҿ 㜿 佷 厙 亓 伫 孌 ӀҸ⨭ ⅽ 䏗Ҹ⃤ ∠ҷ嚰 ゞ 。 ҷ 儔 ㌅ ㏜ 峾 Ҹ 欨 㾾 處 䮽 丌 ⎉ 䏗 䫍 虇 2006Ҹ Alter, Robert and Kermode, Frank, eds. The Literary Guide to the Bible. London: Fontana Press, 1987. Brueggemann,

Walter.

An

Introduction

to

the

Old

Testament: The Canon and Christian Imagination. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2003. Childs, Brevard S. Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture. London: SCM, 1979. Coggins, Richard. Introducing the Old Testament. Oxford: Oxford Universtiy Press, 1990. Collins, John J. Introduction to the Hebrew Bible with CD-Rom. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004. Cook, Stanley A. The Old Testament: A Reinterpretation. Cambridge: W. Heffer & Sons Ltd., 1936.

!‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


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Crenshaw, James L. Old Testament Story and Faith: A Literary and Theological Introduction. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1992. Dillard,

Raymond

B.

and

Longmann

III,

Tremper.

Introduction to the Old Testament. Grand Raphids: Zondervan, 1994. Drane, John. Introducing the Old Testament. Oxford: Lion, 2000. Engnell, Ivan. Critical Essays on the Old Testament. Translated by John T. Willis. London: SPCK, 1970. Fohrer, Georg. Introduction to the Old Testament. Translated by David Green. London: SPCK, 1983. Harrison, Roland Kenneth. Introduction to the Old Testament: With a Comprehensive review of Old Testament Studies and a Special Supplement on the Apocrypha. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1969. Kaiser, Otto. Introduction to the Old Testament: A Presentation of its Results and Problems. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1975. Knight, Douglas A. and Tucker, Gene M. eds. The Hebrew Bible and Its Modern Interpreters. Chico, 1985. Lasor, William Sanford, Hubbard, David Allan and Bush, Frederic

William.

Old

Testament

Survey:The

Message, Form and Background of the Old Testament. 2d ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996. Rogerson, John ed. Beginning Old Testament Study. London: SPCK, 1985. !‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


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Schmidt, Werner H. Introduction to the Old Testament. Translated by Matthew J. O’Connell. London: SCM Press, 1984. Soggin, J. Alberto. Introduction to the Old Testament. 3d ed. London: SCM Press,1989. West, James King. Introduction to the Old Testament. New York: Macmillan, 1981. Westermann,

Claus.

Essays

on

Old

Testament

Interpretation. Translated by James Luther Mays. London: SCM Press, 1963.

!‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈


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!‫ܚ᠌ގ‬Ԥȅ፜ϼᙚӟ‫ڷ‬Ѵ༈

希伯來聖經導論  

希伯來聖經導論 - 第一章