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!⍈ᖦᅝ! ᝉ♉ℚᤆᚩᑑ᭖Ồ

!䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

⍈ᖦᅝᝉ♉ℚᤆᚩᑑ᭖Ồ 䦣䰅♴㤦⪩㛨㢒㢘␸㎠↠㢃㾀―孲⎬㢮㛨㢒㏏ 棱⶜䠓䮽䮽⛞槛虇‵╾⿺␸㛨㢒䏶冔╙榧娥虇㐍⎿ 埤䖕䖍⁙㛨㢒㏏棱⶜䠓⛞槛䠓ᾏ‪┮⏖Ҹ♴㤦⪩㛨 㢒䂎㢘㢬㶲㻊␪虇桥䋅ᾜ㞾⪶⤚㛨㢒虇╹䛀」↚㜇 ⓐ⁉䠓ⵅ〼㛨㢒仓㎟Ҹ 1 ⃕灊桏桥⶞虇‣卮ↀ⋷虇⢷

1

⎬㢮㛨㢒⪩⢷ⵛ㢘ⅰㄡ䠓ⵅᾼ凩㢒虇䩉⵵⁉㜇ⴇ冔䣍尹 亪享虇䛀」ⓐ⎿‛䠍⁉ᾜ䳘虇╾⁴刾⴩䠓㞾♴㤦⪩㛨㢒 䠓⁉㜇ᾜ㢒≞䖍⁙䠓ᾼ⤚╙⪶⤚㛨㢒戲灋⪩Ҹ㒘唺⫶、 亜虃Jerome Murphy-O’Connor虄宗䴦虇㵞↚ⵅ〼亓╾ⵈ 亜 ᾘ ⓐ 厂 ‣ ⓐ ⁉ 虇 ╒ Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth: Text and Archaeology, Good News Studies 6 (Wilmington: Michael Glazier, 1987), 156-58Ҹ 㼆㜾虃Richard B. Hays虄宗䴦♴㤦⪩呴䛀」↚ⵅ〼㛨㢒 仓㎟虇㢒䣍⪶亓㞾 150 厂 200虇╒ Richard B. Hays, First Corinthians (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1997), 7Ҹ⃕ ⾃ⷋ䐈虃Paul W. Barnett虄ㄭ⋷㛨㢒⴩㢮凩㢒虃╒ⓐ⡪ 24虖儔ⓐ⋼ 23虄虖懜⾒ⵅ〼⶞仓虇㒘䫍㢒栝ⷳҷ伢䅮䑏 㹐ҷ〃烰╙䮽㝞虃⪥戵⁉厖䓅⪹⁉虄䳘凩桕╙㵞↚ⵅ〼 ⶞仓亓ⓐ‣⁉䳘虇㔷䴦⎉♴㤦⪩㛨㢒㜃汣⁉㜇ⷻ㝋⶞⤚ 㛨㢒虇╒ Paul W. Barnett, The Corinthian Question: Why Did the Church Oppose Paul? (Nottingham: Inter-Varsity Press, 2011), 225-27Ҹ

2 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

⪶抌㢒尤䚮╙㎟朆䠓♴㤦⪩㛨㢒㏏棱⶜䠓⛞槛虇╾ 尹㞾䖍⁙㛨㢒⛞槛䠓侽㄀Ҹ嬐㞝䠌憨伢┆虇㎠↠ㅔ 榗⋗―孲♴㤦⪩䠓⢿䖕䘿⨒ҷ㴆▁≂伀╙⴦㛨㜖 ⒥虇憨‪抌㢘␸㎠↠㐍⎿♴㤦⪩㛨㢒⛞槛䠓㧈䀟╙ 䟴仟Ҹ個军ㄭⅬ儔從彂♴㤦⪩╙⁥厖㛨㢒㢇ⅰㄏℕ 䠓㲰㜇虇―孲Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒ⓒ企喻俆䠓杫⅑Ҹ 㢘―憨ⴞ孏╙㬑䛴䠓尜峧虇⶜㎠↠䦣䰅Ӂ⛞槛⪩⪩ӂ 䠓Ӂ♴㤦⪩ӂ㛨㢒㢘唺⪶䠓⿺␸Ҹ

I. ♉᪑ᛵᤆᚩᑑ ᾏҷ⢿䖕 ♴㤦⪩⃜㝋⢿⺌嬎ⓦ䱾虇⢿⺌亓朆ⓐ⋼⋻捛虇 㢏⵻Ὶ埤≔ㄦ⋼⋻捛虇⒦棱憲㔴⾛卧㢻⢮╙⒦㝈岇 ⢚虇ⓦ棱㞾₾儔⫣ⷋ㘡ⓙ⺅虃Peloponnese虄虇㞾㤀 嬎╲⹇帷䏸懚惇ㅔ伢Ὶ⢿Ҹ♴㤦⪩㢘⋸↚㾾╲處㤀 棱䠓㾾╲㞾⦔棸♸虃Cenchreae虄虇棱■儔欻䠓‭封 ‭䢐╙⁴ウ㏏虖嬎棱䠓㾾╲㞾⎸㚾喃虃Lechaeum虄虇 棱■㊞⪶⎸Ҹ䛀㝋♴㤦⪩埤㝋ⓦ⒦⋸⢿䠓㯌槇⢿ ⿅虇㞾㤀嬎幎㞢ᾼㅒҸ⛕又憩⿇抌㢒戎⋜俭伢⾛卧 ⓦ 䱾 䠓 欻 捛 ‭ 孡 虃 Cape Malea虄虇 ⡯ 䉉 厹 䮚 懨 懯 虇

3 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

㢏ⶠ嬐⪩呀⋼㝴虇␯ᾙ㼆棱樷汧㻹ㆴ虇军ᾣ伢⿇㢘 㼆䡫⎉㸡虇ⷀ≞⁙⪸䠓亱欻捛虃Somalia虄ᾏ㮲虇─ 㯮 ⡪ ₞ Ҹ 䜅 㟑 㻐 ≂ ⢷ 㷃 ㏚ Ὶ 朢 㢘 憨 㮲 䠓 尀 處Ӂ ⍰ 俭 懢欻捛‭孡䠓虇屚⁥⋗⵺ᾚ戉⡠Ҹӂ 2 ⡯㳳虇又桊⪩⎸䚷♴㤦⪩⋸↚㾾╲懚帷虇⪶ 又㢒⢷⌅ᾼᾏ↚㾾╲┇帷虇䛀㒠₤㒠懝⢿⺌ 虃 Isthmus虄虇 ⶖ 帷 䏸 㖻 ⎿ ╵ ᾏ ↚ 㾾 ╲ 虇 ⌜ 捜 㜿 懚 ᾙ╵ᾏ叧又Ҹ⶞又⏖㢒娺㏧⎉㷃棱虇㛍⢷䁠悹恙 ᾙ虇䛀䁠悹恙㑥嗦㯺弙⢿⺌虇⎿―╵ᾏ戙㏜捜㜿⛮ 厹Ҹ憨䥼䥼⋼⋻捛⪩䠓⢿⺌䯀䉉Ӂ䲪凂▓㜾彾ӂ 虃Diolkos Road虄虇㊞ㆬ ⷀ㞾Ӂ㑥㑘 伢懝䠓⢿㝈ӂҸ 儔欻䔚ⷋ䬎虃Nero虇⋻⋒ 40-66 〃虄㢍伢㢘㒥䵘㯺 弙⢿⺌䠓懚㹂宗␒虇╹㞾仑◙㻐䚱Ҹ䢃⎿ 1893 〃虇 ♴㤦⪩懚㹂⪶⽴◙㎟虇䵏䢐―俭懝欻捛‭孡䠓厹 䮚虇戎朚―⢿ᾼ㼆㢏─根䠓㼆孡Ҹ 3

2

⾃ ⋚ 喙 虃 William Barclay虄 嗦 虇 ◷ 扐 㟭 峾 處 ҿ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ ⏜ ㄛ㢇㹷捚Ӏ虇⡪䏗虃欨㾾處㜖坬虇1994虄虇榐 9Ҹ

3

㟽䗭䏍虃David Prior虄嗦虇䃧䭚㤍峾處ҿ凥伢ⅰㇾ亊⎦͑͑ ♴㤦⪩⏜㢇Ӏ虃╿⒦處㦰⢡虇1998虄虇榐 13Ҹ 4 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

‛ҷ㴆▁ Ⅼ儔㟑⁲䠓♴㤦⪩⾁㞾捜ら䠓㜿⥝⾑Ҹ⋻⋒ ⏜ 146 〃虇‭封‭凾恜⶜㐦儔欻⾬⢚⪶恜㟑虇儔欻 ⶖ 恜 灧 俕 㜾 虃 Lucius Mummius 虄 㕽 恜 ⋴ ⅄ ♴ 㤦 ⪩虇ⶖῚ㵏䉉。⢿Ҹ⌅ㄛ虇⎀㘡䓅㻐虃Gaius Julius Caesar虄虇│⎀㘡⪶⾬虇㝋⋻⋒⏜ 44 〃虇‵│㞾⁥ 娺⏉㵉䠓戲ᾏ〃虇捜ら♴㤦⪩⥝虇ℎῚ㎟䉉儔欻䠓 㴥㶠⢿‭封‭䢐䠓欥〫Ҹ㝱䋅㞾儔欻㴥㶠⢿虇㊞☂ 嗦♴㤦⪩㞾棭儔欻⋻㶠凩ⷔῚ⢿虇⃕䢃ⷻ儔欻䴰 惓虇㞾似俺儔欻☛。䯸⴩䠓捜嬐⥝⾑Ҹ憨↚儔欻㴥 㶠⢿䠓⾑㶠›㢘㐤䫷㲙ҷ㙐㢘卹⾀䠓峿㢒╙㵞〃䛀 㶠戇䚱䚮䠓㛎〫ⴧ♰Ҹ 4 儔欻㟑⁲䠓♴㤦⪩⥝⁉╲亓㢘⋺喻虇抿慠折㣠 ΅㢘‛喻⁉Ҹ5 㶠䣍ㄭ▓⢿戆ㄨ军ℕ虇⁉䮽⒔儔喻

4

Alan F. Johnson, I Corinthians (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004), 15.

5

⋚梆㧋⾒泾⭕₾㧋虃Craig L. Blomberg虄嗦虇ⷈ⬨䕜峾處 ҿ♴㤦⪩⏜㢇Ӏ 虃欨㾾處⢚株凥伢ⓣ㢒虇2002虄虇榐 14-15Ҹ イ 卹 Donald Engels, Roman Corinth: An Alternative Model for the Classical City (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990), 84Ҹ

5 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

㢘ҷ栝亩♐㻐媖桫虇⒔㑻䓅⪹⁉ҷ憏ₜ恜⁉ҷ⚁ⴇ ⵅҷ⛕⁉ҷ㷃㏚ҷ卹䛀⁉ҷ 6 ⬃桇ҷ〦Ὴҷ⶞常虇⁴ ╙ヱヱ吁吁▓䮽價㉰䠓伢䖕⁉䳘Ҹ7 ♴㤦⪩䠓㛎㹊厖 㶠䚮抌䛀儔欻㔶⏅虇乍咀⎕ⳟ桥䋅㢘ⴇ兡⾛卧㜖⒥虇 ⃕⪶ຝ։ຟ⵶槧厖儔欻尜▛Ҹ⡯㳳虇䜅⢿䠓ら䵘䏸 ☛䨠㜖抌╜㞯儔欻㜖⒥䠓䝤彰虇ⶳ⌅㞾㑘ᾐ㜖⒥䠓 䝤彰Ҹ桲ㆹⅬ儔⢷♴㤦⪩䠓⁉劗杫⅑佁婰虇ⓐᾒ↚ ▜⳦ᾼ㢘⋺↚抌㞾㑘ᾐ㜖虇㵣ℚῚ汧㬄ᾜ⶚⿇Ҹ 8

ᾘҷ⴦㛨 ♴㤦⪩㢏嗦▜䠓㻊⑤㞾㵞⋸〃ᾏ㲰䠓Ӂ⢿⺌ 懚 ⑤ 㢒 ӂ虃 Isthmian Games虄虇 㞾 䉉 ― 㼆 䫭 ー ⧭ 榢 虃Poseidon虄军厘姛䠓 ㌅⌇虇䲅庌 嬞㮰≔㲰㝋 ⫶㤦

6

儔欻⢚㶠⪶亓⎕䉉⡪↚䳘亩虇㒘㲰〞䉉幃㝞ҷ儔欻⋻㶠ҷ 卹䛀⁉☛⬃桇Ҹㄦ⎿捚㛍䠓⬃桇虇ᾜ䴦㞾儔欻⋻㶠虇军 㞾悒⬃桇汧ᾏ亩䠓㏏岑Ӂ卹䛀⁉ӂ虃freeman虄Ҹ

7

⾃⋚喙虇榐 12Ҹ╵╒ Johnson, 24Ҹ

8

憨⋺⃜⁉䏸㞾處䬞ㄡ㒎抌虃ⓐ⋼ 17虄ҷ彾㷑虃儔ⓐ⋼ 21虄ҷ ㅆᾮ虃儔ⓐ⋼ 22虄ҷ封䓅☛㑻⢮虃儔ⓐ⋼ 23蚙24虄ҷ‭ ⷔ㑘ҷ䠍⦉㑘虃ㄡⓐ⋺ 2虄ҷ㕟⪩䓅⩺抌虃ㄡⓐ⋺ 7虄Ҹ ╒⦉亜虃Craig S. Keener虄嗦虇亏㬽㠉峾處ҿ亿䢚♴㤦 ⪩⏜ㄛ㢇Ӏ虃欨㾾處㞝懢䫍虇2010虄虇榐 9Ҹ 6 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

Ⓢ⋚懚⑤㢒Ҹ䜅⢿㢘ᾏ〶╾ⵈ亜 18,000 ▜孏䣍䠓⪶ ⤚␖柱☛ᾏ〶╾ⵈ亜 3,000 ⁉䠓概㮑も虇伢⿇厘愵 ▓ゞ▓㮲䠓㏁␖☛概㮑䵏䡽ҸⅬ儔⢷♴㤦⪩䠓㟑↨ 虃亓⋻⋒ 50-51 〃虄虇㳲⬌厘姛⢿⺌懚⑤㢒ҸㄭⅬ儔 ℎ䚷懚⑤䚷尭ℕ⒇⑘♴㤦⪩⁉虇╾嬚憨㞾⁥↠㏏䌮 ㈘☛䍀㊪䠓㻊⑤虃╒Ῥ 24蚙27虄Ҹ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ 䠓 䩉 㞾 ᾏ ↚ 刁 吁 䐻 欻 䠓 ⪶ 抌 㢒 虇Ӂ ♴ 㤦 ⪩⒥ӂ虃 Korinthiazein 虄 ㎟䉉―䡰㉔ 㛍俀䭐㌍䠓 ⁲ ▜寭虇姷懣ᾏ䮽懝〵㛍囸䠓䚮㻊㋚〵虖♴㤦⪩憨▜ 䯀΅㎟䉉―Ӂ㽺‑䚮㻊ӂ䠓▛儸寭虇㞾坞㷰亜⤱䠓 ⢿㝈Ҹ♴㤦⪩柳―㑫儔欻▪䔚Ὶ⪥虇⥝⋶のⴖ㤦䱚虇 㢘⾛卧挺崆Ὶ䫭‭⋚捛㵣柎虃Asclepius虄䠓䫭のҷ ⥒╙㔛䴰厹㼆䠓⬂䫭ₙ嬎㜾虃Isis虄☛⬈䠓⶜䱚冔⾛ 卧㼆䫭ー⧭榢䠓䫭のҸ䜅ᾼ㢏嗦▜䠓嬐䴦㞾⢷♴㤦 ⪩ ⥝ 染 慠 虇 䥦 䱚 ⢷ 580 丂 汧 ⸀ ᾙ 䠓 柎 ⵛ 儔 〤 䐈 虃Aphrodite虄⬂䫭の虇憨⃜⬂䫭桕㻊␪ҷ儝瀦☛㊪ ㉔ 㝋 ᾏ 怺 虇 儔 欻 ⁉ 䯀 Ὶ 䉉 Ӂ ㊪ 䫭 ӂҸ ⾛ 卧 ⢿ 䖕 ⴇ ⵅ 㜾 䐈 㑘 㹱 虃 Strabo虄 宧 悘 虇 の ⋶ 㢘 ᾏ ⓒ ▜ の ⬢ 虇 ⎿ ― 㟩 ᾙ 虇 ⬈ ↠ ⅎ 泩 帺 军 ᾚ 虇 匂 〤 ⵺ 嗦 處Ӂ 彮 样 ㎠ ӂ

7 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

ℕ◇イ⶚呂冔Ҹ 9 㜾㶞䠓宧慿㞾▵╾棯虇⇋ㄦ⛕㭆Ҹ冒╳ⴇ厂⁙ ⁜㢹䠋䖍╾ⵈ亜ᾙⓒの⬢䠓‭ⵛ儔〤䐈⬂䫭の䠓戉 彰虖军ᾣ虇の⬢‵棭⾛卧䠓兡ⅦҸ䛀㝋㸡㢘⌅⁥⓿ 峘虇寀⪩ⴇ冔⶜㜾㶞䠓宧慿㑀㎆䜠䠓㋚〵虇尜䉉㞾 ⁥⋗⋴䉉Ὴ虇刾⴩♴㤦⪩懢ㅆ㛦⩭虇ⶖᾜ▛䠓幖㜨 㾆 ▗ 弆 ℕ 虇 ⌜ ␯ ᾙ ↚ ⁉ ㊂ 巰 军 尖 ⪶ ― ‚ ⵵ Ҹ 10 㳲 ⬑ ⾃梆䐈虃C. K. Barrett虄尹處ӁⅬ儔㟑⁲䠓♴㤦⪩彮 ⌅⁥㹎㼆⛕㫼俐㬽䠓⥝⾑ᾜ䢇₾₁虇ᾜ㢒弔弙虇΅ ᾜ 懝 㝋 ⽽ ⑐ Ҹ ӂ 11 ⃕ 䊰 履 ⬑ ⃤ 虇 ♴ 㤦 ⪩ 䩉 ⵵ 㞾 ⋔ 䂎 價㉰䠓⥝⾑虇㉔㹐ᾏ⴩䢇䜅歼⁉虇▵⏖ᾜ㢒⬑㳳刁 ▜䒋坘Ҹ

9

Johnson, 17.

10 灒 㻸 ⊏ 處 ҿ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ ⏜ 㢇 虃 ┆ ᾙ 虄 Ӏ 虇 ⪸ 懢 凥 伢 寊 捚 虃 欨 㾾處⪸懢虇2002虄虇榐 4Ҹイ Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth, 56虖╵╒ Gordon D. Fee. The First Epistle to the Corinthians (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,1987), 2-3 ╙⋚梆㧋⾒泾⭕₾㧋虇榐 15Ҹ 11 C. K. Barrett, The First Epistle to the Corinthians (New York: Harper and Row, 1968), 3.

8 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

䶰宏Ὶ虇♴㤦⪩㞾戲↚㟑⁲䠓⁉強Ὶ呴漸ҷ䎼 䢇䮊ⷔῚ⢿虇㙐㢘⪸㟑⢿⎸⁉☛䠓⊹⑱處㝱㞾╦儔 欻Ⅼ崆㬄䉉ⴘ⋷䠓⢚株⥝⾑虇╗㞾㜖⒥⪩⋒ҷ幖䀟 巟 ⵛ ҷ ⛕ 幗 幎 㞢 Ⓘ 凩 Ὶ 埤 虇 ΅ 㞾 ╾ ␪ 䎼 ᾙ 㿇 12 䠓 卹 䛀⥝⾑Ҹ♴㤦⪩㛨㢒ⷀ㞾䱚匂㝋憨㮲䠓⪶抌㢒Ҹ

II. ᭖ỒᲐឰጴ᥷ᅳ᥌ጀዺ 1ᇗ18ᅴ Ⅼ 儔 桱 朚―桔 ⌇ 虇 ■ⓦ姛 亓 80 ⋻ 捛 ℕ ⎿ ♴ 㤦 ⪩虇⢷戲婰⇫䛨―ᾏ〃梅⋼↚㢗虃戲ⓐ⋺↚㢗䠓伢 㴆 ╾ ╒ ㄡ ⓐ ⋺ 11虄Ҹ ㄛ ℕ Ⅼ 儔 ⢷ ⁴ ウ ㏏ ⇫ 䛨 ― ᾘ 〃 Ὶ ῔虃 ╒ㄡ‛ ⓐ 31虄虇 ⡯ 㳳虇 ♴㤦⪩ 㞾個 ⁴ウ㏏ Ὶ ㄛ⇫䛨㢏朆䠓‚⫘⢿灭ҸⅬ儔䉉⃤朆㟑朢⇫䛨⢷♴ 㤦◱虚␯垼虃David E. Garland虄尜䉉╾劌㢘ᾚ⎦」 ↚┮⡯處䲻ᾏ虇♴㤦⪩㞾ᾏ↚朚㛍俐㬽䠓⥝⾑虇㞾 ⢿ᾼ㼆㤀扷䍮⛕☛㝔懙䠓䍀朏⢿灭虇΅㞾≂㘼㜿⴦ 㛨䠓䖕㊂㙩灭Ҹ䲻‛虇♴㤦⪩㵞⋸〃ⷀ厘愵ᾏ㲰Ӂ⢿ ⺌懚⑤㢒ӂ虇⿅ℕ寀⪩䍮⛕㯮㢒虖Ⅼ儔㬄╾劌懸憱⌅ 㢒虇䲅庌㢮朢ᾜ✽䉉⁥㕟K―寀⪩≂䬞概䠓㯮㢒虇 12 㼆 㜾 㒖 ⎉ 儔 欻 伀 㹊 ᾚ 䠓 ♴ 㤦 ⪩ 虇 ⵈ 寀 Ӂ 卹 䛀 ⁉ ӂ 虇 │ ⏜ 䉉⬃桇䠓虇΅㢘㲙╒戇⥝⾑ 䠓欥⾼姛㛎ⴧҸ╒ Hays, 3Ҹ 9 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

΅⡯䉉╒庌冔ҷ孏䣍虇䚩厂⛕㏅梏嬐⪶捞⿂㩩虇仵 Ⅼ儔⿅ℕ╾孏䠓㛅⋴虇彂⪯似㒐⁥⢷♴㤦⪩䠓≂懢 䚮㼾Ҹ

13

䲻 ᾘ虇 ♴ 㤦 ⪩ 䠓⁉ ╲ 㢘 ⪶ 捞⪥ ℕ 䊰 㧈 䠓䮊

㶠虇⒔㑻⬃桇厖卹䛀⁉Ҹ⁥↠劺桱―厙㢘䠓凾俺虇 ␯ ⋴ 憨 ⪶ 抌㢒 䠓 Ⓨ ▜ 儳汣 Ὶ ᾼ 虇 ⶜䬞 概 朚 㛍 Ҹ

14

冔虇Ⅼ儔娺䓅⪹⁉慺ⵂ㟑虇㟩ᾙ䫭⢷䛿巰ᾼ■⁥尹 尀ҷ炢⒄⁥ ጰᢢᙦᅗᏁ⃩┕ᅗጰᢢᱬጕᅗᑺᔾℚᓇ

ᐹᑋᅗᏜᕶᑺዷጄ፯ᤱᓇᅗᑆᠥᑋ᱑ឈᾝᔾᑺ᰾ ᑑᛵᒑᘭ 虃ㄡⓐ⋺ 9蚙10虄ᅙ Ⅼ儔⎬㑄♴㤦⪩虇ㄦ⎿▛⁴俣⿂㩩似䚮䠓‭ⷔ 㑘☛䠍⦉ 㑘 ⪺⯵⿺␸ 虃 ╒ㄡⓐ⋺ 1蚙 4虄虇 憨⶜ ⪺⯵ 㞾 ᑆᠥᣄᒘᐋᘒᵯ፠ዷᱣ◪Ḷ♉᪑ 虃ㄡⓐ⋺ 2b虄 军 ℕ ⎿ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ Ҹ 棸 冐 ᾮ 䔚 虃 Claudius虄 䠓 比 憟 ⁳ 㞾 ⢷⋻⋒ 49 〃榡⾒䠓虇㏏⁴⪶扷⎕ⴇ冔抌尜䉉Ⅼ儔ㅔ ⴩㞾⢷㳳Ὶㄛ虇╾劌㞾⋻⋒ 50 〃⎬虇ㄭ桔⌇ℕ⎿♴ 㤦⪩虇憦䛨―ⓐ⋺↚㢗Ҹ⁴㳳㔷㝆虇⁥ㄗ╾劌⢷⋻

13 灒㻸⊏虇榐 6-7Ҹ 14 David E. Garland, I Corinthians, BECNT (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2003), 17-18 Ҹ イ Engels, 112Ҹ

10 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

⋒ 51 〃ᾚⓙ〃桱朚♴㤦⪩⥝Ҹ15 Ⅼ儔㒘䋶㋲ℚ虇㵞 㝴俣⿂㩩⋺⶞㟑虇䎼╥㝋ᾙⓗ 11 㟑厂ᾚⓗ 4 㟑₠ㇾ 㟑 㵄 虇 ⋗ ⎿ 䓅 ⪹ ⁉ 㢒 ⦑ 峘 㞝 凅 䯛 㞾 ホ 庌 ‭ 虇 16 嬎 㑘 ☛㕟㗸⪹΅ㄭ欻⌅榢懝ℕⓣ␸Ⅼ儔≂岪䬞概ҸⅬ儔 ⢷ⅰ婰⡭㍅䜅㟑䠓ㅒ⨒處 ᔾᑋᓇᣞᖻᾝᅗጂ᱐᥋ᅗ

ጂ✌ᙦጂᠻ⍓…虃‛ 3虄ҸⅬ儔ℕ⎿♴㤦⪩虇怺汣伢 懝吀愪䠓㝔䮚㊮⎿䝁亾虇棗ㆶ⡯桔⌇䠓伢㴆军⃝ 㸘虇㉔㊮ᾙ嬐ㅜ╦厖▛⽴嬎㑘☛㕟㗸⪹⎕桱Ҹ⢷怺 ㅒ棗抌恮ダ῞␪Ὶᾚ虇戓嬐䓷␪㍘⁧憨↚刁▜䒋坘 䠓㊪㌍Ὶ⥝虇卹䋅㊮⎿㎿㋓蘼 17 Ⅼ儔⢷♴㤦⪩≂䬞概虇彮⁴ㄏᾏ㮲虇㢘⁉㑡令虇 ‵㢘⁉䢇ⅰҸ▇㕟㹤戲ᾏⵅ╾劌㞾Ⅼ儔⢷♴㤦⪩⎬ 仟䠓㤫ⳟ虃╒ᾏ 16虇ⓐ⋼ 15虄虇⦉⎸▇⾒☛封䓅΅ 㞾⎬ⅰ冔虃╒ᾏ 14虄Ҹ㢘䓅⪹⁉㑡令Ⅼ儔虇䚩厂憟⁥ ⎉㢒⦑虖⃕‵㢘⃞慠㢒⦑䠓㕟⪩䓅⩺抌╙䴰㢒⦑䠓 ⦉⎸▇⾒ ᾏ ⵅⅰῊ虃 ╒ ㄡⓐ⋺ 7蚙 8虄Ҹㄛℕ 虇䓅 ⪹ ⁉ᾜ㝆㛊㙙Ⅼ儔虇䚩厂嬐僽⁥㝋㴊⢿虇弐嗦㜿ℕ 15 ╒灒㻸⊏虇榐 6Ҹ 16 ╒㟽䗭䏍虇榐 17Ҹ 17 ▛ᾙҸ 11 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

䠓 䢐 朆 18 䡶 ⅽ 㜾 䓅 ⷋ 䉞 㜾 慵 㻐 虃 Lucius Junius Gallio虄ⷴ㜿军◙ᾙ㹤〼Ҹ慵㻐┊⡯䉉憨╹㞾⴦㛨ᾙ 䠓䎼㑦虇ⷀᾜ䖕㢒䓅⪹⁉虇捚㛍―Ⅼ儔虇䔁捚ㄛᾜ ῔Ⅼ儔ⷀ桱朚―♴㤦⪩Ҹ 䢐朆慵㻐䠓⁚⋴虇㳲⬌⿺␸㎠↠㔷㝆Ⅼ儔桱朚 ♴㤦⪩☛㘿⵺♴㤦⪩⏜㢇⪶㬑䠓㝴㢮Ҹ慵㻐㞾儔欻 ⚁ⴇⵅҷ㛎㹊ⵅ╙㉁␖⃫ⵅ愪ⷋ␯虃Seneca虄䠓⋶ ⋓虇愪ⷋ␯㞾ⷋ䬎䔚䠓ⵅ〼㛨⾺Ҹ㒘儔欻䠓嬞ℚ虇 䢐朆䠓₊㢮䉉ᾏ〃虇憩⿇䛀 7 㢗朚⭚厂㲰〃 6 㢗Ҹ 冒 ╳ ⴇ ⵅ ⢷ ⾛ 卧 ╳ 抌 ㅆ 䏍 㜟 虃 Delphi虄 䠋 䖍 ― ᾏ ⧙ 䦂䨠虇䨠㜖㕟╙慵㻐㞾‭封‭䢐䠓⏜₊俌䣲虇䨠㜖 㝴㢮䩉⴩㞾⢷⋻⋒ 52 〃 4ҷ5 㢗Ὶ朢Ҹ▓㝈㔷㝆慵 㻐㞾⢷⋻⋒ 51 〃⪞⪸厂 52 〃⪞⪸⎉₊‭封‭俌 䣲 虇 19 ᾵ ᾣ ⷔ ⃞ ⢷ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ ⥝ 虇 ⵸ 䖕 Ⅼ 儔 䠓 㧗 ₅ 䜅 䋅

18 ҿ☛Ӏ峾⃫ ፵ᓈ 虖㢘峾Ӂ䢐朆ӂ處ҿ☛ⅽӀҿ㜿Ӏҿ◑Ӏ ㎥Ӂ俌䣲ӂ處ҿ䖍ӀҿㆬӀҸ 19 ⦉㝋⌻⪸᾵ᾜ懸▗厹姛虃╒ㄡ‛ⓐᾒ 9蚙 12虄虇㒘䋶䜅㟑 䠓㋲ℚ虇10 㢗ᾼ㝻厂 3 㢗⎬ᾜ㢒⎉㼆厹姛虇㏏⁴慵㻐ᾜ 㢒⢷ 10 㢗Ὶㄛ㏜桱朚♴㤦⪩Ҹ唺⫶、亜㒖⎉㞾⋻⋒ 51 〃 7 㢗 1 㝴厂⋻⋒ 52 〃 6 㢗 30 㝴Ҹ╒ Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth, 141-50Ҹ

12 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

΅ 㞾 ⢷ 憨 㵄 㟑 朢 Ҹ 20 㧈 㙩 憨 ‪ 幖 㜨 㔷 㝆 虇 Ⅼ 儔 ⪶ 㬑 㞾 ⢷⋻ ⋒ 51 〃 䭚 ⪸ℕ卷 ⏜虇 桱朚♴ 㤦⪩ ⡭ⴘ㕟 柎 ╊ҸⅬ儔桱朚ㄛ虇‭㹱儔΅⎿懝♴㤦⪩‚⫘ᾏ㵄㝴 ⳟ 虃 ╒ ㄡ ⓐ ⋺ 27蚙 ⓐ Ῥ 1虄Ҹ Ⅼ 儔 ⵺ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ ⏜ 㢇虇 㢏㢘╾劌㞾⢷⋻⋒ 54 〃欥」↚㢗虇㢏㝸╾劌㞾⋻⋒ 53 〃〃〤Ҹ΅ⷀ㞾尹虇⪶亓㞾⁥⢷⁴ウ㏏憦䛨⋸〃 ⓙ䠓ᾼ㵄㟑朢Ҹ 21

III. ᯧዯអᝂᅝ␎Ꮜᛵᝂᅳጺ 9ᇗ10ᅴ Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒䠓杫⅑⵵⢷ⓒ企喻俆虇坘嗦 ⓐ⋺↚㢗䠓‚⫘ら䱚―♴㤦⪩㛨㢒虇⌜坘嗦㢇ⅰℕ 㧌⦈憯ⷀ⁥↠虇亍㳲⁥↠䠓撾岻ҷ峵尰⇞桱㳲懢䠓ҷ ⒇⑘炢⒄恮ダ䠓╙䳣嬕⁥↠䠓䜠⛞Ҹ╾嬚虇Ⅼ儔⵵ ⢷呀―寀⪩ㅒㆬℕ憯ⷀ♴㤦⪩㛨㢒䠓ⅰㄡҸ凥伢≔ 䛨ᾚ―⋸ⶐ㢇ⅰ虇│♴㤦⪩⏜㢇☛♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇Ҹ䋅 军虇憨⋸ⶐ㢇ⅰ䠓⳦婰姛朢抌㢘寀⪩塪企欻彰虇崢 ㎠↠╾⁴刾⴩ᾜ㳱⋸ⶐ军⾁虇╹㞾⌅⁥䠓╾劌⾁戉

20 㢃 専 䡰 䠓 㝴 㢮 宗 䴦 虇 屚 ╒ 灒 㻸 ⊏ 虇 榐 7-8 Ҹ イ Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth, 142-52Ҹ 21 ╒㟽䗭䏍虇榐 17Ҹ 13 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

⫀Ҹ䰅䱮Ⅼ儔⵺―⪩ⶠⶐ㢇ⅰ仵♴㤦⪩㛨㢒◱虚憨 㳲㞾ᾚ棱㎠↠嬐埤䖕䠓⛞槛Ҹ ⴇ冔⣖尜䉉凥伢㳲⌇婰䠓♴㤦⪩⏜㢇᾵棭Ⅼ儔 厃♴㤦⪩䠓䲻ᾏⶐ㢇ⅰ虇⢷㳳Ὶ⏜㍘封戓㢘ᾏⶐ虇 䢇ⅰ⾁伢戉⫀虇䊰㹤憌⶚虇⡯㳳虇ⴇ冔䯀Ὶ䉉Ӂ戉 ⫀ 䠓 ⅰ ӂ ㎥ Ӂ ⋗ ⏜ 䠓 ⅰ ӂҸ ᔾ ��� ᝟ ⇎ ᝂ ᶳ ᓇ ᣞ ⅉ ᅗ

ጰᎵℚᮢṚᛵዷᡐᐐᅙᒀᾭጰ៦។᱑ᎌጆዯớᒭ ᮢṚᛵᅗᙬ᱉᫦ᛵᅗ᪰ᨍᛵᅗᙬ៌᪡‡ᛵᅜᢍ៦ ᱑∐ᅗᓇᣞ᪌᜾◪Ḷᎌᠾ፵Ꮅ 虃‣ 9蚙10虄虇㠦䫉 ⢷♴㤦⪩⏜㢇Ὶ⏜虇Ⅼ儔⾁伢☋丁ⅰㄡ嬐ㄭ㽺‑ҷ 帹⯹䳘⎕⎴⎉ℕҸ╾㞾虇ⅰㄡ┊尳㢒⁴䉉㞾☋丁⁥ ↠嬐ㄭᾥ䛛⎕⎴⎉ℕ虇⡯䉉Ⅼ儔嬐⁥↠ㄭ⪥戵⁉ᾼ ⎕⎴⎉ℕ䠓䱚⧃棭⿇洽㞝Ҹ 㢘ⴇ冔尜䉉Ӂ戉⫀䠓ⅰӂ㎥Ӂ⋗⏜䠓ⅰӂ虇扷⎕ ⋶ⵈ嬚㝋♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇⋼䱯 14 厂ᾒ䱯 1 䵏虇⡯䉉憨㵄 伢㜖履⎿ⅰ厖ᾜⅰᾜ劌▛帯ᾏ恪虇棭⿇拜▗ᾙ慿䠓 ⋶ⵈ虃‣ 9蚙10虄Ҹ⌜冔虇ㄭᾙᾚ㜖ℕ䢚虇憨㵄伢㜖 㛍⢷憨婰䢚⃋ᾜ⪹▗懸虇♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇⋼䱯 12 厂 13 䵏 㞾 Ⅼ 儔 嬐 㷑♴ 㤦 ⪩ ⁉ ⁴⵻ ⴞ 䠓 ㅒ ⧀䳣 ⁥ 虇 军 ᾒ䱯 2 厂 4 䵏⏖㔴倛嬐㷑⁥↠䚷⵻⪶䠓ㅒ㔴亜⁥Ҹ呴ⶖ♴

14 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

㤦⪩ㄛ㢇⋼䱯 14 厂ᾒ䱯 1 䵏㑌⎉ℕ虇⋼䱯 13 厖ᾒ 䱯 2 䵏䠓⋶ⵈⷀ搫㔴ㄦ㢃⬌Ҹ

22

♴㤦⪩ⅰㄡ㛅⎿Ⅼ儔Ӂ⋗⏜䠓ⅰӂῚㄛ虇ㅒ婰 㻽䖍㢃⪩⛞槛虇⁥↠⡭ⅰ㟑㕟⎉ㅒᾼ䠓䜠⛞虇䢋㢪 Ⅼ儔╾⁴⿺␸⁥↠捚䜠Ҹ♴㤦⪩ⅰㄡㅒᾼ䠓䜠⛞虇 ╹劌ㄭⅬ儔⢷♴㤦⪩⏜㢇䠓⡭嬕ᾼ㔷㝆⎉ℕ虇⡯䉉 ㎠↠᾵㸡㢘╦ⅰ⁉⡭嬕Ⅼ儔䠓戲ⶐⅰ㎥╲慿宧撓虇 ᾜ劌㾔㫩䥴懢⎿〤㞾䚩灋⛞槛虇╹╾ㄭⅬ儔䠓⡭嬕 婰㔷㜁ᾏ‛虇ⷀ≞⁙⪸㎠↠杀崏⎴⁉䠓梊ⳟ抄₅㎥ 刌 嬚 憩 尀 ᾼ 䠓 ᾏ 㝈 ⢷ 梊 尀 ″ 屖 䠓 ⋶ ⵈ Ҹ 23 㢇 ᾼ Ⅼ 儔 22 ╒⾃⋚喙虇榐 14Ҹ嬐㞝䠌╳⁲䠓㢇ⅰ㞾䚷⥒╙䠓噁哘亨 ㎥䠽┆⵺㎟虇惍惘㻐≂䠓懝䮚ᾼ虇䧃䎪㝆婑䠓㯮㢒ㄗ汧虇 ␯ᾙ┮䯎㸡㢘⎕䱯䵏虃⎕䱯㞾ⓐᾘᾥ亏虇⎕䵏⏖⢷ⓐ⋼ ᾥ亏㏜朚⭚虄虇䧃䎪㝆婑ㄛ⃜僽↡惘㎥僽⋴⌅⁥㢇ⅰ虇 ᾵棭ᾜ╾劌䠓‚Ҹ 23 㼆㜾㒖⎉㎠↠崏Ⅼ儔㢇ⅰ虇㳲⬑崏⎴⁉䠓梊ⳟ抄₅ᾏ㮲Ҹ ╒ Hays, 1Ҹ⾃⋚喙虇榐 4虇ᾏ捬嬚姏⢿㒖⎉憨㝈棱䠓桲埤處 Ӂ㎠↠杀崏Ⅼ儔㢇ⅰ䠓㟑↨虇⿇⿇㢒㢘⡿桲Ҹ⡯䉉㎠↠ ㏚ᾙ㸡㢘⶜㝈䠓ⅰ虇戲㞾Ⅼ儔嬐⡭䳣䠓虖㎠↠΅ᾜ劌䩉䥴 ⁥嬐㍘⁧䠓㉔㹐虇╹劌ㄭ㢇ⅰ㢻怺㔷履⅒ℎ⁥⵺憨ⶐⅰ䠓 ㉔㹐Ҹㆄ憨‪㢇ⅰ䠓㟑↨虇㎠↠⿇⿇棱⶜桨捜⛞槛虇ᾏ 㝈棱㞾―孲㢇ⅰ㢻怺䠓⋶ⵈ虖╵ᾏ㝈棱┊╗䊰㹤ⴛ⋷―孲 憨ⶐⅰ虇柳棭㎠↠䥴懢⅒ℎ⁥⵺憨ⶐⅰ䠓㉔㹐Ҹ㎠↠ㅔ 榗個倛␹␪憌㷑虇捜㜿仓俣㏏嬐ㆄ䠓戲ⶐ㢇ⅰ䠓㉔⑱Ҹӂ 15 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

䚷 ― ⊹ ᗭ ᓇ ᣞ ᝂ ጆ ᙰ ᴀ ᛵ ᗇ ᅡᅡ 24 槾 䫉 憨 㞾 ⡭ ㍘ ♴㤦⪩㛨㢒㕟⎉䠓⛞槛虇⋶ⵈ㼘╙⯩⮊ҷ⺖㑫䭸〞 ╙厖⪥⁉䢇″䳘‚⴫虃╒ᾒ 1ҷ25虇⋺ 1虄Ҹ㳳⪥虇 ♴㤦⪩㛨㢒桥䋅㙐㢘寀⪩ㇸ幫虃╒ᾏ 7虄虇⶜ⷻ棗ㇸ 幫䠓㢻幹┊ᾜ⪶㾔㫩虇⡯㳳虇Ⅼ儔尜䉉㢘ㅔ嬐ℎ⁥ ↠尜峧㾔㫩虃╒ⓐ‛ 1虄Ҹ 坘嗦♴㤦⪩ⅰㄡ⢷⡭ⅰᾼ䠓㕟⛞虇Ⅼ儔ㄦ㈘⁥ ↠䠓⛞槛Ҹ▛㟑΅憞懝≂懭㼗ㇾ䠓⁉虇䥴懢♴㤦⪩ 㛨㢒䠓䑏㹐ҸⅬ儔⢷♴㤦⪩⏜㢇朚⭚㟑㕟⎿虇棸ℕ 㶞ⵅ婰䠓⁉嬹怺⎿懝♴㤦⪩虇᾵■Ⅼ儔ヨ⧀㛨㢒䠓 ㉔㹐虇ㄭ⁥↠╲ᾼⅬ儔䥴懢♴㤦⪩㛨㢒㢘亪䎼虃╒ ᾏ 11蚙 12虄Ҹⅰ㢺Ⅼ儔╗㕟⎿▇㕟㹤戲ҷ䬞ㄡ㒎抌 ╙‭封╳ㄭ♴㤦⪩⎿⁴ウ㏏㔱㢪⁥虇憨ᾘ⁉΅╾劌 ⶖ凂凭䡽䤈䠓‚㉔虇㵺䊰Ⅼ䛨⢿■Ⅼ儔ヨ⧀虃╒ⓐ ⋼ 17虄Ҹ䶰 宏Ὶ虇Ⅼ 儔 憞懝♴㤦 ⪩ ⅰㄡ⢷⡭ ⅰ 㟑䠓 㕟⛞╙ㄭ♴㤦⪩ℕ䠓⁉嬹怺⿅ℕ䠓㼗ㇾ虇ㄦ㈘♴㤦

24 䚷 ⊹ᗭ虃虄憨╴尀ℕ朚⭚虇槾䫉Ⅼ儔⢷⡭㍘╵ᾏ↚⛞ 槛䠓伢㜖㢘處ᾒ 1ҷ 25虇⋺ 1ҷ4虇ⓐ‛ 1虇ⓐ⋼ 1Ҹ 16 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

⪩㛨㢒䠓⛞槛虇ㄭ军⵺ᾚ䲻‛ⶐ㢇ⅰ虇│♴㤦⪩⏜ 㢇虇ℕ⡭㍘╙埤䖕憨‪⛞槛Ҹ 25

IV. ᯧዶអᝂᅝᤆᚩᑑ᝟ᦀ ♴㤦⪩⏜㢇㞾Ⅼ儔⵺仵♴㤦⪩ⅰㄡ䠓䲻‛ⶐ㢇 ⅰ虇㬄㢘╾劌㞾䛀㕟㗸⪹嬹怺ⶖⅰ″仵♴㤦⪩㛨㢒 虃╒⡪ 17虄Ҹᾏ去ℕ 尹 虇Ⅼ儔㢇 ⅰ Ὴ嬐㞾捬 ⶜ 㛨㢒 䠓⛞槛虇♴㤦⪩⏜㢇΅ᾜℚ⪥Ҹ⃕Ⅼ儔᾵棭⁴亊伀 䫭ⴇⵅℕ埤䖕㛨㢒⋶ᾏ‪⵵株䠓⛞槛虇军㞾⁴㛨䏶 䫭ⴇⵅҷ䏶⾺ʟ㛨⾺䠓孡吁虇杫㎆ⅰㄡ䠓棗☌虇䍀 ⎖⿺␸⁥↠孲㸉ⅰⁿ╙䚮㻊ᾙ䠓䜠桲Ҹ♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇 厖⏜㢇㢘槾嗦䠓⎕⎴虇ㄛ㢇╹㢘ᾏ↚Ὴ槛虇ⷀ㞾Ⅼ 儔厖ⅰㄡ䠓杫⅑虇军⏜㢇┊宝履―寀⪩⌆汣䠓⛞ 槛 Ҹ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ ⏜ 㢇 ⢷ 姷 慿 䬞 概 㝈 棱 㵣 ᾜ ᾙ 儔 欻 㢇 戲 灋! !

25 ⾃ ⋚ 喙 ⶖ 㳳 ⎕ ㎟ ⋸ 㲰 姛 䮚 虇 ⁥ 尜 䉉 Ⅼ 儔 ⴛ ㎟ ᾏ 蚙 ⡪ 䱯 ⃫ 䉉⡭嬕虇㕟㗸⪹䀥∨ⶖῚ⿅ㄏ♴㤦⪩虃⡪ 17虄Ὶ株虇㢘 ᾘ↚⁉虃▇㕟㹤戲ҷ媣ㄡ㒎抌ҷ‭封╳虖ⓐ⋼ 17虄ℕ⎿虇 ⿅ℕ㢃⪩杫㝋♴㤦⪩䠓㼗ㇾ虇⁴╙ᾏⶐℕ卹♴㤦⪩䠓 ⅰҸ㝋㞾Ⅼ儔䱚⏊⵺ᾚ‣蚙⋼䱯☛ᾒ蚙ⓐ⋼䱯⡭嬕戲ⶐ ⅰ虇᾵″㕟㗸⪹㐙㜃ⶐ♴㤦⪩⏜㢇⿅⎿♴㤦⪩╊Ҹ 17 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

専䡰憞ㅈ虇⢷姷䠌⋶ㅒ㊮㉔ᾙ‵㵣ᾜᾙ♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇 ㎥㥟‪㢇ⅰ戲灋巟ⵛ虇┊䉉埤䖕㛨㢒⛞槛㕟K―棭 ⿇⵵䚷䠓┮⏖虇╾尹㞾䏶㢒ⴇ䠓⽷嗦蘼 䓷䱚ℕ䢚虇♴㤦⪩⏜㢇⁜䋅㞾ᾏⶐ棭⿇Ӂ↚⁉ӂ 䠓㢇ⅰ虇⋔⎕槾䫉䏶冔厖ⅰㄡ䠓䚮☌″㻐Ҹⅰᾼ⌆ 汣㕟⎿Ⅼ 儔 䠓姛䮚虃 ⓐ ⋼ 5蚙 9虄ҷ ↚⎴ⅰㄡ 䠓 ▜⳦ 虃ᾏ 14ҷ16虇ⓐ⋼ 10ҷ12ҷ17虄ҷ 26 㝌㺦虃ᾏ 14 蚙 16虄 ☛ ↚ ⁉ 伢 㴆 虃 ‛ 1蚙 4虄Ҹ ⾃ ⋚ 喙 㐋 嬐 㒖 ⎉ 處 Ӂ䜅㎠↠杀崏Ⅼ儔㢇ⅰ䠓㟑↨虇᾵ᾜ㞾ᾏ䮽ⴇ姢㙜 侃虇΅ᾜ㞾崏䫭ⴇ履㜖虇军㞾杀崏㢚╚Ὶ朢ⵛ㢘⁉ ㉔☂䠓㜖₅Ҹӂ 27 ♴㤦⪩⏜㢇╾尹㞾ᾏⶐ榦朆䠓㢇ⅰ虇≔㲰㝋 儔欻㢇虇⁴䜅㟑䚷並乨䠓噁哘亨虃papyrus虄⵺㎟䠓 㢇ⅰℕ宗虇朆〵╾䴦㞾令䊰≔㢘䠓―Ҹ⡯䉉ᾏツ垕 26 ⌀㕟⎿ⓐ⋼⃜⁉䏸處㏏㕟ⷋ虃ᾏ 1虄ҷ‭㹱儔虃ᾏ 12虇ᾘ 4蚙6ҷ22虇⡪ 6虇ⓐ⋼ 12虄ҷ㕟㗸⪹虃⡪ 17虇ⓐ⋼ 10虄ҷ ⾃㒎⾃虃Ῥ 6虄ҷ䩾㹤虃ᾏ 12虇ᾘ 22虇Ῥ 5虇ⓐ ‣ 5虄ҷ 桔▓虃ⓐ‣ 7虄ҷ棸ℕ㶞虃ᾏ 11虄ҷ⦉⎸▇⾒虃ᾏ 14虄ҷ 封䓅虃ᾏ 14虄ҷ▇㕟㹤戲虃ᾏ 16虇ⓐ⋼ 15ҷ17虄ҷ䬞 ㄡ 㒎抌虃ⓐ⋼ 17虄ҷ‭封╳虃ⓐ⋼ 17虄╙‭ⷔ 㑘ҷ䠍⦉㑘 虃ⓐ⋼ 19虄Ҹ 27 ⾃⋚喙虇榐 6Ҹ 18 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

28

嗵亨䠓䏗棱㢘柟虇㏏⁴䜅㟑䠓㢇ⅰ⪶⪩宏䶰㊞幔Ҹ

⡯㳳㢘ⴇ冔尜䉉♴㤦⪩⏜㢇㞾䛀‣ⶐᾜ▛䠓㢇ⅰ仓 ▗ 军 ㎟ Ҹ ⃕ ⪶ ⪩ 㜇 ⴇ 冔 虇 ⒔ 㑻 㼆 㜾 虃 Richard B. Hays 虄ҷ 幊 㳛 榢 虃 Gordon D. Fee 虄 ╙ 䑓 嬎 䏍 榢 虃Anthony C. Thiselton虄䳘抌㔴╦♴㤦⪩⏜㢇㞾ᾏ ⶐⴛ㜃䠓㢇ⅰ虇⡭㍘ⅰㄡ䠓䜠⛞╙埤䖕㛨㢒䠓⛞ 槛Ҹ

29

呴 ㄭ Ⅼ儔 䠓 ⡭ ㍘ ☛⡭ 䳣 ℕ ␒ ⎕虇 ╾ 㜃 䖕 ⎉⪶

佀⬑ᾚ虃ⓐ⋼䱯㞾⛞↨尭虇᾵棭㢻⪶佀䵓⢜虄處

A Ⅼ儔⡭㍘ㄭ♴㤦⪩军ℕ䠓㼗ㇾ A1 ᾏ 10蚙⡪ 21

仟灷

A2 ‣ 1蚙13

‑↺

28 ⴇ冔⸰ㅆ捛虃 Robert H. Gundry虄㒖⎉⾛儔䠓䭐⁉ⅰ⎌ 。 ⣖ ⳦ 㜇 亓 䉉 Ῥ ⓐ Ҹ ≞ 嬎 ⧭ 儔 虃 Cicero虄 ╙ 愪 ⷋ ␯ 憨 ‪ ⚁ⴇⵅҷ寸⁉䠓㜖ⴇ⃫♐。⣖亓 200 ⳦Ҹ垕嗵亨䠓朆〵 ⪶亓╹㢘‛ⓐ⡪厂‛ⓐῬ⋻⎕虇嬥῝⳦汣⪶⶞虇㢏⪩╹ 劌ⵈ亜 150 厂 250 ↚⳦⽵▂虇军╳⁲㢇ⅰ⪶⪩ᾜ㢒弔懝 ᾏツ垕嗵亨Ҹ䋅军虇Ⅼ儔㢇ⅰ。⣖㢘 1,300 ↚⳦虃朏 335虇 儔 7,114虄虇悒╳⁲㢇ⅰ朆」↜Ҹ╒ Robert H. Gundry, A Survey of the New Testament, 4th ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003), 348Ҹ 29 ╒灒㻸⊏虇榐 11ҷ13Ҹ╵╒ Johnson, 25-26 ╙⦉亜虇 榐 12Ҹ 19 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

A3 ⋼ 1蚙11

寃宮

A4 ⋼ 12蚙20

㽺‑

B Ⅼ儔⡭䳣♴㤦⪩㛨㢒仵⁥䠓ⅰ B1 ᾒ 1蚙24

⯩⮊⋶䠓姛䉉虃仟⯩ҷ桱⯩ҷ ⌜⯩虄

B2 ᾒ 25蚙40

䓷怺

B3 ⋺ 1蚙ⓐᾏ 1

䫼∅≞Ὶ䏸

B4 ⓐᾏ 2蚙16

⯵⬂嘨榼

B5 ⓐᾏ 17蚙34

㾆‑Ὴ檟

B6 ⓐ‛ 1蚙ⓐ⡪ 40 凥棗ㇸ幫 B7 ⓐ‣ 1蚙58

ⅰㄡ怺汣ㄸ㻊

V. ᯧጃអᝂᅝ᠐ᮡᛵᝂᅳᚩឹዶ 3ᇗ4ᅴ ⢷㳳㢮朢虇㢘⪥ℕ⁉␯⋴―♴㤦⪩㛨㢒虇⁥↠ 㛊㙙Ⅼ儔䠓ℎㄡ分⎕虇⁴厃㛨㢒㢘⁉㎆䜠Ⅼ儔䠓ℎ ㄡ㲙㥓虃╒㤦ㄛⓐᾏ 13蚙15ҷ18ҷ23虄Ҹ╾劌㕟㗸 ⪹㑄懣♴㤦⪩㛨㢒虇䠋䖍⁥↠䠓㉔㹐⵵棭⁥劌⪯埤 䖕虇ⷀ㞾Ⅼ儔㏏⵺䠓♴㤦⪩⏜㢇΅㢹劌䚱䚮榟㢮䠓 㛗㤫Ҹ㼗ㇾ≂⎿Ⅼ儔戲婰虇㞾⁥⭚㜨ᾜ╙䠓虇䉉―

20 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

。ㇾ‚䱾虇Ⅼ儔ᾜ㛱凌ゅ虇䱚│嬹怺ㄏ♴㤦⪩╊Ҹ 憨㲰憯容⁳Ⅼ儔╦慀虇㞾⁳⪶ⵅ抌Ӂ㌑㊐ӂ䠓ᾏ㲰 㢒棱虇㢏ㄛⅬ儔⿅嗦㉁䝪䠓ㅒ㉔慣⡭⁴ウ㏏Ҹ♴㤦 ⪩厖⁴ウ㏏䢇彬╹㢘⋸ᾘ⪸厹䮚虇⡯㳳虇Ⅼ儔䥼㠺 憯容♴㤦⪩᾵棭㸡㢘╾劌Ҹ 憨 㲰 姛 䮚 䯀 䉉 Ӂ 䝪 呵 Ὶ 姛 ӂ虃 ╒ 㤦 ㄛ ‛ 1虄虇Ⅼ 儔⢷♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇ⓐᾘ䱯 1 厂 2 䵏虇㕟╙憨㞾䲻ᾘ㲰 ㄏ♴㤦⪩╊Ҹ㝱䋅㞾䲻ᾘ㲰虇ㅔ䋅㢘䲻‛㲰Ҹℎㄡ 姛≂ⓐ⋺䱯 1 厂 18 䵏䠓宧悘虇㞾Ⅼ儔䲻ᾏ㲰從彂♴ 㤦⪩Ҹ䲻‛㲰┊㸡㢘宧撓虇╹劌ㄭ♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇䠓⳦ 婰姛朢㔷㝆⎉ℕҸⴇ冔尜䉉♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇‛䱯 1 厂 11 ╙ᾒ䱯 8 厂 13 䵏虇宧悘―憨㲰Ӂ䝪呵Ὶ姛ӂ虇憞棁 ―Ⅼ儔⬑⃤埤䖕ℎ⁥ᾜ㊘ㅺ䠓‚㉔Ҹ

ᔾᐧ᝟፬ᾝ⚈῜ᶄᢋᅗᑑᑑᛵ᠐ᮡᅗ⇎ᝂᶳ ᓇᣞᅗጰ៦Ꮏᓇᣞ⇥Ẫᅗዳ៦Ꮏᓇᣞ᛹῔ᔾᦕᏊ ᑊ᧙Ẩᓇᣞ虃㤦ㄛ‛ 4虄虇Ⅼ儔⋶ㅒ䝪呵桲懝虇㻐嗦 䣋㽩⵺ᾚ憨ⶐⅰ虇䚩厂姷䫉」῝ㄛ㈣⵺―憨ⶐⅰ虇 ⃕䉉―♴㤦⪩ⅰㄡ䠓⬌埤虇戓㞾ㅜ䝪⵺―虃╒㤦ㄛ ᾒ 8虄Ҹ ⡯ 㳳虇 ⴇ 冔 䯀 憨ⶐ ⅰ 䉉 Ӂ 㻐㽩 䠓 ⅰ ӂҸ憨ⶐ ⅰ䛀㕟⪩⿅╊♴㤦⪩虇Ⅼ儔宗␒⢷䐈儔‭厖㕟⪩㢒

21 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

棱 虇⡯ 䉉⁥卹 ⾀㳲 ■戲婰 ╊虃 ╒㤦ㄛ ‛ 12虄Ҹ Ⅼ 儔 桱朚―⁴ ウ ㏏虇ⷀㄏ 欻 ⌅榢╊虃 ╒ ⓐ⋼ 5蚙 9虄虇ℕ ⎿ 䐈儔 ‭┊嬚 ᾜ⎿ 㕟⪩虃 ╒㤦 ㄛ ‛ 13虄虇 㢏 ㄛ⢷欻 ⌅榢㏜懖ᾙ虃╒㤦ㄛ‛ 13虇ᾒ 5蚙7虄Ҹ 䜅㟑Ⅼ儔⪥㢘䎼㎿ҷ⋶㢘㎋ㆤ虇⪥㢘䎼㎿╾劌 㞾㒖⢷⁴ウ㏏彮儔欻☛䓅⪹榧娥Ὶ朢䠓姬䰐虖⋶㢘 ㎋ㆤ⪶㬑㞾㒖㇟ㆤㄭ⏜⢷♴㤦⪩ⅰㄡ怺ᾙ㏏ᾚ䠓⽴ ⪺嗌―䰉Ҹ憨ⶐӁ㻐㽩䠓ⅰӂ⪶㬑⾁伢戉⫀虇㢘⁉ 尜䉉♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇䲻ⓐ厂ⓐᾘ䱯ⷀ㞾戲ⶐⅰ虇⡯䉉憨 」䱯䠓⋶ⵈ⋔䂎㽩䝤Ҹ⎉῝㊞㜨虇憨ⶐӁ㻐㽩䠓ⅰӂ 䱮㢘㊞㊂ᾜ⎿䠓㤫㛗虇㕟⪩ㄭ♴㤦⪩⿅嗦⬌㼗ㇾ⡭ ⎿ 欻 ⌅ 榢 ͑͑ ♴ 㤦 ⪩ 䠓 榧 娥 ╦ ⎿ ㎁ 㹊 虇 ⅰ ㄡ ㇱ ㄸ ― ⶜Ⅼ儔䠓ⅰ₊Ҹ㝋㞾Ⅼ儔⿅嗦ㅺ㋿䠓ㅒ㉔⵺ᾚ―♴ 㤦⪩ㄛ㢇虇│䲻⡪ⶐⅰҸ

VI. ᯧᏈអᝂᅝᤆᚩᑑឹᦀ 慠㢮㻐姛⢷ⴇ冔Ὶ朢䠓嬚孲㞾虇♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇㢏 ⶠ䛀⋸ⶐ㢇ⅰ仓㎟虇⎕⎴㞾䲻ᾏ厂Ῥ䱯䠓Ӂㄸ☛䠓 ⅰӂ☛䲻ⓐ厂ⓐᾘ䱯䠓Ӂ⡃╁䠓ⅰӂҸ 30 㳲⬑ⴇ冔㏏ 30 ╒⾃⋚喙虇榐 17Ҹ╵╒⦉亜虇榐 12Ҹ 22 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⶝宏處Ⅼ儔厖♴㤦⪩㛨㢒

孏⵮䠓虇♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇㻐棁⎉⋸䮽㎹䋅ᾜ▛䠓㉔㊮虇 军 㘿 ⵺ 䠓 ⋗ ㄛ 彮 㢇 ┆ 佷 㔡 䠓 㲰 〞 ╾ 劌 ↡ 惘 虇 31 │ Ⅼ 儔⋗⵺ᾚ䲻ⓐ厂ⓐᾘ䱯䠓Ӂ⡃╁䠓ⅰӂ虇⌜⵺䲻ᾏ厂 Ῥ䱯䠓Ӂㄸ☛䠓ⅰӂҸ 32 ♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇ⓐᾏ䱯 4ҷ12 厂 15 䵏虇㕟⎿㢘ᾏ㐈⇖ℎㄡ㑄懣♴㤦⪩虇╦⎿㳍ㄔ虇 ⶝厃Ⅼ儔ℎㄡ䠓怺⎕╦⎿㒠㎿虇䚩厂㢘⁉㎆䜠⁥ᾜ 㞾⦉䣲ㄡ虃╒㤦ㄛⓐ 7虄虇尹⁥僉ⶠℎㄡ䠓幖㴆ҷㇸ 幫☛樷䵓Ҹ♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇䲻ⓐ厂ⓐᾘ䱯⋔䂎岆⏉ҷ⟁ 䲠☛卹愾䠓尀Ҹ 䲻‛扷⎕虇│䲻ᾏ厂Ῥ䱯虇㞾Ⅼ儔⿅嗦ㅺ㋿䠓 ㅒ㉔军⵺䠓Ҹ⁥䉉䬞概ㄦ⑬军㊮⎿㬽〇虇΅憞棁― 怺 汣 䠓 恮 ダ虃 㤦 ㄛ ⡪ 7虄 ☛ ㉔ 佡 䠓弆 ₞ 虇 ᾵ 孲捚 ― 姛 䮚䉉 ⃤㛈崙 虃㤦 ㄛ ᾏ 22虄虇 㢃 孲捚― 厖䫭 ☛⬌䠓

31 憨㞾⾃⋚喙䠓孏灭虇╒封㢇榐 16-17Ҹ 32 ⓰ 㩽 ╙ 䯕 䏍 ⎦ ⎉ 慠 ⁲ ⴇ 冔 䠓 ▜ ✽ 虇 䛴 ␯ 宝 履 ㄛ 尹 處 Ӂ ㎠ ↠╾⁴▗䖕⢿㔷㝆虇Ⅼ儔ⴛ㎟䲻ᾏ厂Ῥ䱯虇⢷戓㢹⃫仟 ╙㐙ⅰⵓ⎉Ὶ⏜虇ⅎ㔴䔁♴㤦⪩㛨㢒䠓⩭㼗ㇾ虇㝋㞾⢷ 㢇ⅰ䠓㢏ㄛ」䱯惘㕪―㝈■Ҹӂ╒⓰㩽虃D. A. Carson虄ҷ 䯕䏍虃Douglas J. Moo虄嗦虇ⷈ⬨䕜ҷ亏㬽䫭峾處ҿ21 ᾥ亏㜿亓⶝ 履 Ӏ虃欨㾾處 ⪸ 懢虇 2009虄虇 榐 413Ҹ杫㝋 憨⋸ⶐⅰῚ朢䠓⃜僽╙杫⅑虇専亿宝履虇屚╒⓰㩽ҷ䯕 䏍虇榐 413-21Ҹ 23 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


⛞槛⪩⪩♴㤦⪩

ⅰㇾҸⅬ儔厖♴㤦⪩ⅰㄡ杫⅑㝱䋅ⅽ⬌虇ⷀ弐㯮㻍 㕟⪩⡭♴㤦⪩㛅桕㓟㳍虇◷䅮凅彾㘡⍆䠓帶呵ⅰㄡ 虃╒㤦ㄛ⋺蚙Ῥ䱯虄Ҹ 俌㑻军宏虇Ⅼ儔㢍ᾘ㲰憯容♴㤦⪩處㛨㢒␄ら 㟑ҷ䝪呵䥼㠺䠓嬚棱╙Ὶㄛ䠓憯容虖㢏ⶠ⵺―⡪ⶐ 㢇ⅰ仵♴㤦⪩㛨㢒處⋗⏜䠓ⅰҷ♴㤦⪩⏜㢇ҷ㻐㽩 䠓ⅰ╙♴㤦⪩ㄛ㢇Ҹ╾䚷䶰✽⢥姷㘽嬐⬑ᾚ處 Ⅼ!儔 !厖!♴!㤦!⪩ !㛨!㢒!䠓 !㔴!宇! Ⅼ儔␄ら Ӂ⋗⏜䠓 ♴㤦⪩

♴㤦⪩

Ⅼ儔

Ӂ㻐㽩

♴㤦⪩

㛨㢒Ὶ㝔 ⅰӂ㎥ 㛨㢒⡭㍘ ⏜㢇處 䝪呵Ὶ㝔 䠓ⅰӂ處 ㄛ㢇處 虃ㄡⓐ⋺ Ӂ戉⫀䠓 Ⅼ儔䠓 䲻‛ⶐⅰ虃㤦ㄛ‛ 䲻ᾘⶐⅰ Ӂㄸ☛䠓 1蚙18虄 ⅰӂ處

䲻ᾏⶐⅰ

1蚙11 虃㤦ㄛ‛ ⅰӂ 虃ᾏ蚙

䲻ᾏⶐⅰ 虃ᾒ 1虇

╙ᾒ 8

虃‣ 9蚙

蚙13虄

⋺ 1虄

3蚙4虄 Ῥ䱯虖 Ӂ⡃╁䠓 ⅰӂ 虃ⓐ蚙

10虄

ⓐᾘ䱯虄

24 !䏗㲙㏏㢘虉屚⒎冊⓿☛⪥≂


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