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THE U.S. MUST LEAD Petraeus: Defeating extremism will take blood and treasure By Tom Chambers | MilitaryPress
e are engaged in a generational struggle,â&#x20AC;? says retired Gen. David Petraeus. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is not the fight of a decade, much less a few years. This is going to go on for decades.â&#x20AC;? Petraeus, architect of the 2006 military surge in Iraq and former CIA director, spoke Nov. 28 at the Nixon Library in Yorba Linda at an event sponsored by the World Affairs Council of Orange County and the Nixon Foundation. In addition to taking questions, he covered a wide range of topics, including lessons the U.S. should learn from 16 years of war with Islamist extremism. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have to recognize that given the duration of this, you have to have a sustained commitment. That means, it has to be sustainable,â&#x20AC;? Petraeus said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And that is measured in blood and in treasure.â&#x20AC;? Petraeus, 65, said such a commitment has to be fully comprehensive. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You cannot counter extremists like ISIS and al-Qaida and terrorists like that with just counter-terrorist operations,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t drone strike or Delta Force raid your way out of this problem.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;You canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t play Whac-A-Mole. You have to whack all the moles, all the time, everywhere.â&#x20AC;? The general said it is important for the United States to continue to be involved in the Middle East. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Ungoverned spaces in the Muslim world will be exploited by Islamist extremists,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not a question of if, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a question of when and how significant. We have to do somePETRAEUS, continued on Page 8
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CAN NAVY BEAT ARMY?
Symphony is back, and it delivers By Bob Morey MilitaryPress
Over the years, I have experienced many a memorable night with the San Diego Symphony. But every now and then a performance is so good it will become a life-long night to remember that will be ranked with favorite nights and talked about for years to come. The recent performance of â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mozartâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Requiemâ&#x20AC;? was one of those nights! To call it a spellbinding tour de force from the first to the final note would be an understatement. The power the Symphony displayed in â&#x20AC;&#x153;Requiemâ&#x20AC;? simply states, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re back for our new season, and weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re ready to play.â&#x20AC;? Looking through the season, which ends in May, there is something for everyone on the schedule. Below are Fraces McDormand gives an outstanding performance in the Oscar-worthy fill â&#x20AC;&#x153;Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri.â&#x20AC;? a few of the highlights for December. t i*U T " 8POEFSGVM -JGFw %FD BU 2 p.m.): An unforgettable and magical experience for the entire family, nothing is more festive than the beloved â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s A Wonderful Lifeâ&#x20AC;? that will be screened while the cherished score is performed believes doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t care about catching her Worried how this will all affect her chief By Jeri Jacquin | MilitaryPress by the Symphony orchestra LIVE! of police husband, Anne (Abbie Cornish) daughterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s killer. t i/PFM /PFMw %FD BU Q N %FD Driving home on a small stretch of road is assured that it will all pass. Wanting to In theaters from writer/director Martin BU Q N BOE %FD BU BOE McDonagh and Fox Searchlight Pictures Mildred sees three dilapidated billboards protect Mildred is James (Peter Dinklage), p.m.): You donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want to miss San Diis the story of a mother who isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t giving up and gets an idea. Responsible for the bill- whom her husband Charlie takes potegoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s favorite holiday music tradition using â&#x20AC;&#x153;Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, boards is Red (Caleb Jones), who takes her shots at. Instead of it passing, things get thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s returning with your favorite songs down payment on all three billboards with out of hand as the insanity of Dixon and Missouri.â&#x20AC;? of the season and a quest for the true Mildred Hayes (Frances McDormand) a message to the chief of police. The first to Mildredâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s anger start a town war. meaning of the holidays. Small town living just got a little dicey! is a woman dealing with a lot in her life. see them is deputy Dixon (Sam Rockwell), t i/PFM /PFM o " 'BNJMZ $PODFSUw McDormand as Mildred is spectacuThe painful loss of a murdered daughter, who immediately tells Willoughby. (Dec. 17, 2 p.m.): In one short afterEveryone soon learns of the billboards, lar, amazing, brilliant, moving, shockan ex-husband (John Hawkes) who has noon concert, the orchestra will peranger issues and chief of police William and son Robbie (Lucas Hedges) is feeling THREE BILLBOARDS, continued on Page 12 form loved holiday tunes alongside Willoughby (Woody Harrelson), who she the impact of what his mother is doing. the San Diego Master Chorale, the San Diego Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Choir and maybe even a certain jolly North Pole resident. Arrive early for fun pre-concert activities beginning at 1 p.m. in the lobby where the kids can try their hand at playing an instrument in the SUPPORT MILITARY FAMILIES IN NEED THIS HOLIDAY SEASON! Discovery Zone, meet the Symphonyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s musicians and more. t i'BOGBSFT "OE $FMFCSBUJPOTw %FD BU Q N "OPUIFS PQQPSUVOJUZ to feel very merry, the talented musicians of the San Diego Symphony orADOPT A FAMILY Your group or organization can chestra will perform an additional array of holiday music with that special fesadopt one of the over 100 families we will help this year. tive sparkle. All of these performances will take NOMINATE If you are, or know of, a family in need, go place at the Copley Symphony Hall to SpiritOfSharing.org and click on â&#x20AC;&#x153;How to Get Help.â&#x20AC;? located at 750 B Street in downtown SOS helps to provide assistance to our local military service members and San Diego. For tickets and a full listtheir families during the holiday season. We are 100% volunteer based and all of our efforts are funded solely by donations from the community. ing of all the upcoming events, visit the SOS has no overhead so 100% of your donation goes directly to help the Symphonyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s website at www.sandiego service members and their most precious assets â&#x20AC;&#x201D; THEIR FAMILIES! symphony.org. Contact us today to help make a difference: A night with the Symphony is defiÄ&#x2C6;Ä&#x2021;Ä&#x20AC;ÄĄÄ&#x2C6;Ä&#x201A;Ä&#x2021;ÄĄÄ&#x2030;Ä Ä&#x20AC;Ä&#x20AC;Ĺ?Ä&#x2018;Ĺ?333Ä&#x2039; ,%.%0 " $ .%*#Ä&#x2039;+.# +* 0%+*/Ĺ? .!Ĺ?#.! 0(5Ĺ? ,,.! % 0! Ĺ? * nitely something the whole family can Mail check or money order to: Spirit of Sharing 100% TAX DEDUCTIBLE! enjoy! Merry Christmas, and see you at 1361 Rocky Point Drive, Oceanside, CA 92056 the Symphony! XXX NJMJUBSZQSFTT DPN t OFXT!NJMJUBSZQSFTT DPN 2 %FD
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TRAVELS WITH HIAN
by Howard Hian
This is one of my favorite columns to write. During the past year, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been able to sample travel products and come up with a list that is gift-worthy. Here are my suggestions.
Canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t travel without
Eagle Creek â&#x20AC;&#x201D; My Eagle Creek inventory includes everything from rolling luggage to handy Pak-It Cubes. My latest find is the water repellent, ultra light Cargo Hauler Duffel. It expands to a perfect sized carryon for extras picked up on the road and also substitutes for a backpack. www.EagleCreek.com. Chico Bag â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Winner four years in a row of the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Best for the World Environment Award,â&#x20AC;? Chico Bag produces stylish reusable bags for shopping, travel, snacks, etc. I always pack my cleverly designed Bottle Sling (made from five recycled plastic bottles!). It has in-strap pockets for a pen or lip gloss, as well as a built in slot for
Gotta wear while traveling
White Sierra â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A family-owned, ZFBS PME DPNQBOZ UIBU PGGFST BGGPSEable quality outdoor apparel for men, women and kids. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m a big fan of the nylon Kalgoorlie II shirt and jaunty looking Bug Free Brim Hat. www.WhiteSierra.com. Clothing Arts â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The Pick-Pocket Proof Convertible Travel Pants are a must-have for dual purpose wearâ&#x20AC;Ś long pants or shorts. They are quick dry and even have radio wave blocking technology. www. ClothingArts.com. Craghoppers â&#x20AC;&#x201D; This British outdoor clothing company has been around for more 50 years. It was first set up to outfit an expedition to climb Mt. Everest. The Kiwi model quick drying shirt with UPF 40+ sun protection was a smart choice for my trip to Mexico. www.Craghoppers. The Bottle Sling from Chico Bag folds into a small pouch and has slots to hold other items. com. Teva â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Noted for sandals, Teva also phone, ID, etc. It folds into a small pouch Kanteen has produced high quality, stainless steel insulated bottles, growlers, cups, when not in use. www.ChicoBag.com. GIFTS, continued on Page 12 Klean Kanteen â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Since 2002, Klean tumblers, straws and food canisters in all
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Midshipmen to honor Blue Angels for Army-Navy Game One goal remains: Beat Army The Midshipmen will take on the Black Knights in the annual Army-Navy game on Dec 9. in Philadelphia, and will be doing so in these awesome Blue Angelsinspired uniforms. The school unveiled the uniforms featuring hand-painted helmets depicting the planes in Delta Formation paired with a yellow chrome face mask representing the visors pilots flying the Blue Angels wear on Twitter. The two schools tend to debut unique uniforms for the game each season, usually as a tribute to one of their respective squadrons. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This tribute to the Blue Angels reflects the enthusiastic pride and appreciation we have for the Navyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s premier flying team and the motivation they convey to Navy football and the fleet at large,â&#x20AC;? said Naval Academy Director of Athletics Chet Gladchuk. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The masterminds at Under Armour are always thinking of ways to inspire our troops while still reflecting a deep appreciation for a Naval history that is so ingrained in our game day traditions. Annually, a special Navy uniform has become a statement in this game and brings with it appreciated meaning and a clear message that we are all in.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our partnership with the United States Naval Academy has afforded us the opportunity to tell some incredible stories through our specialty uniform designs and
The Midshipmen will wear uniforms that pay tribute to the Blue Angels when they play the Army Black Knights in their annual match-up on Dec. 9.
we hope, in some way, that the special mo- manifest the gratitude we feel,â&#x20AC;? said Adam ments we create on behalf of the Academy Clement, Under Armourâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Senior Creative Director of Team Sports. â&#x20AC;&#x153;From the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Summer Whiteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; design to the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Tread on Meâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; uniforms, each opportunity leads down a path of research and information that drives us towards another special moment or achievement to celebrate.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;This year we partnered with the Naval Academy to use the Army-Navy Game to honor the incredible pilots that make up the Blue Angels,â&#x20AC;? Clement said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Anyone who has had the privilege of watching the Blue Angels perform knows there is no show quite like it. It inspires and excites all who stand witness and we couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think of a better way to pay homage to their great feats than creating a uniform that pays tribute to them.â&#x20AC;?
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For the Navy football program, this season has come down to accomplishing one remaining goal: Beating Army. Head coach Ken Niumatalolo said before the season that Navy had two major goals with reclaiming the Commander-in-Chief â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Trophy and capturing the American Athletic Conference championship ranking as 1 and 1A. Memphis clinched the West Division of the American by beating SMU, so that goal is gone. The final game of the regular season is whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most important to Navy at this point. Army and Navy both beat Air Force this season, so the Commander-in-Chief â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Trophy will be on the line the second Saturday in December at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia. Army and Navy last played for the Commander-in-Chief â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Trophy in 2012. It also happened in 2005. Prior to that, the trophy was last on the line during the Army-Navy game way back in 1996. This may be the best Army football team since 1996, which was the last time the West Point contingent captured the CIC Trophy. The Black ,OJHIUT CPBTU BO SFDPSE XJUI B 21-0 shutout of Air Force being the highlight. Army also defeated Temple, which turned around and beat Navy in its next game. Head coach Jeff Monken has done a tremendous job of rebuilding Army during his four-year tenure, leading the team to consecutive eight-win seasons capped by bowl berths. As an independent, the Black Knights have been playing a pretty weak schedule in recent years, but that makes sense for a program that managed just one winning season from 1997 through 2015. GOAL, continued on Page 12
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MILITARY COMMEMORATES NAVAJO CODE TALKERS By Suzan Holl 20th CBRNE Command
BERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Sgt. Major Lisa Cowboy, command career counselor for the 20th CBRNE Command, was the guest speaker at the National Native American Indian Heritage Observance held at the Stark Recreation Center on Aberdeen Proving Ground, Nov. 9. During the month of November, the Army participates in National American Indian Heritage Month by recognizing the contributions Native American Soldiers have made to the Army and the Armed Forces throughout our nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history. The Huffington Post recently reported that American Indians serve in the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s armed forces in greater numbers per capita than any other ethnic group. They have served with distinction in every major conflict for over 200 years and 27 Native Americans have been awarded the Medal of Honor, the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s highest military honor. A member of the Navajo tribe, Cowboy was raised on a Navajo reservation in a small community called Chilchinbeto,
Sgt. Maj. Lisa Cowboy (left) a native of Chilchinbito, Ariz. and command career counselor for the 20th Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosives Command, was the guest speaker during the National Native American Indian Heritage Month Observance held at the Stark Recreation Center Nov. 9 on Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.
â&#x20AC;&#x153;My parents still reside at my child- cattle, horses, or sheep and our favorite just outside of Kayenta, Arizona. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Life on the reservation was very quiet hood home next to my paternal grand- pastime was hiking the mesas that surand simple. Our closest neighbors were parentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; residence. My family has a ranch, CODE TALKERS, continued on Page 8 so growing up I always had to round up about two miles away,â&#x20AC;? Cowboy said.
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ÂŠ 2017 University of Maryland University College
%FD 5 11/15/17 2:31 PM
â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am not worried about this country ever going Communist. We have too much sense for that.â&#x20AC;? Harry S. Truman 33rd U.S. President Served April 12, 1945 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Jan. 20, 1953 President Truman did not have a vice president as he served out the remainder of Franklin Rooseveltâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s term from 1945 to 1949.
t Communists take power in Poland on +BO t Peace treaties are signed Feb. 10 in Paris between World War II Allies and Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Finland. t The â&#x20AC;&#x153;Voice of Americaâ&#x20AC;? begins broadcasts into Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union on Feb. 17. t The International Monetary Fund begins operation March 1. t Japanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s post-war constitution goes into FGGFDU .BZ
1947 Lincoln Continental
Jackie Robinson makes his
t The Cold War begins May 22 as President Truman signs a bill codifying the Truman Doctrine, guaranteeing U.S. provide to democratic nations under threat from authoritarian forces. t Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the Marshall Plan for European reconstruction June 5. t â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Diary of a Young Girlâ&#x20AC;? by Anne Frank is first published June 25 in Amsterdam. t The Muslim majority region formed by the partition of India gains independence from Britain, forming Pakistan on Aug. 14.
debut as a Brooklyn Dodger
Howard Hug Chuck Yeager is first pilot to break the sound barrier.
t The southern part of the partition becomes India on Aug. 15. t Communists seize power in Hungary on "VH t The United Nations General Assembly votes to partition Palestine between Arab and Jewish regions, leading to the creation the State of Israel on Nov. 29.
t Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are UFMFWJTFE GPS UIF GJSTU UJNF +BO t Actress Elizabeth Short, known as the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Black Dahlia,â&#x20AC;? is found murdered Jan. 15 in Los Angeles. The case remains unsolved. t Jackie Robinson bunts to earn his first hit as a Major League Baseball player during his second outing as a Brooklyn Dodger against the Boston Braves on April 17. He also scored his first run. Dodgers XPO o t A supposedly downed alien aircraft is found in Roswell, N.M., on July 8. t President Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 on July 26, forming the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of
hes pilots th
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Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the National Security Council and the U.S. Air Force. t President Truman delivers the first televised White House address Oct. 5. t â&#x20AC;&#x153;Meet the Pressâ&#x20AC;? makes its television debut Nov. 6, beginning its stint as the longest-running program in American television history. t The U.S. House of Representatives votes o PO /PW UP BQQSPWF DJUBUJPOT PG Contempt of Congress against the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Hollywood Tenâ&#x20AC;? after they refused to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities Committee investigation into communist influence in Hollywood. The 10 men are blacklisted by film studios the next day.
t Edwin Land introduces the first â&#x20AC;&#x153;instant camera,â&#x20AC;? the Polaroid Land Camera, on Feb. 21 in New York City. t SAAB introduces its first automobile June 10. t The AK-47 assault rifle enters production July 6, becoming the most produced gun in history. t Air Force test pilot Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 rocket plane faster than the speed of sound Oct. 14. t Howard Hughes pilots the only flight of the Hughes H-4 Hercules â&#x20AC;&#x201D; â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Spruce
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1947 Dodge Coupe
COST OF LIVING
ight of the â&#x20AC;&#x153;S
Gooseâ&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built and flown, in Long Beach on Nov. 2. The flight lasted 8 minutes.
Movies t t t t t t t t t t
The Bishopâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Wife Out of the Past .JSBDMF PO UI 4USFFU The Lady from Shanghai The Ghost and Mrs. Muir Dark Passage Black Narcissus The Secret Life of Walter Mitty Brighton Rock Gentlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Agreement
BORN THIS YEAR: David Bowie, musician (Jan. 8). Above left: Kareem Abdul Jabbar, NBA star (April 16); Arnold Schwarzenegger, actor/politician (July 30); Hillary Clinton, politician (Oct. 26); Jaclyn Smith, actress (Oct. 26).
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Anne Frankâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;Diary of a Young Girlâ&#x20AC;? is first published in Amsterdam.
Music t t t t t t t t t t
â&#x20AC;&#x153;Near You,â&#x20AC;? Francis Craig â&#x20AC;&#x153;Peg Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; My Heart,â&#x20AC;? The Harmonicats â&#x20AC;&#x153;Heartaches,â&#x20AC;? Ted Weems â&#x20AC;&#x153;Linda,â&#x20AC;? Ray Noble & Buddy Clark â&#x20AC;&#x153;Smoke, Smoke, Smoke That Cigarette,â&#x20AC;? Tex Williams â&#x20AC;&#x153;I Wish I Didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Love You So,â&#x20AC;? Vaughn Monroe â&#x20AC;&#x153;Anniversary Song,â&#x20AC;? Al Jolson â&#x20AC;&#x153;Near You,â&#x20AC;? Larry Green â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s My Desire,â&#x20AC;? Sammy Kaye â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;selle,â&#x20AC;? Art Lund
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CODE TALKERS Continued from Page 5
round our home,â&#x20AC;? said Cowboy, who added it was her familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s livelihood that eventually determined their surname. When the federal government was moving the Indians on to reservations, they were given surnames that related to the type of work they did, she said. Since her grandfather was riding horses and rounding up cattle, he was given the name Cowboy. Of all the Armed Services, she joined the Army because it was the only service that offered a career as an information systems analyst when she enlisted in 1997. Now with slightly more than 20 years of service, she holds a bachelorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s degree in information technology and a masterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s degree in leadership studies from The University of Texas at El Paso. She reclassified her Army occupational specialty to career counselor in 2007 and came on board as the command career counselor for the 20th CBRNE command in August. At the observance, Cowboy spoke about how, as a young girl, she listened to stories of her great-grandfathers who served with the U.S. Marines as Navajo Code Talkers during World War II. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In the early 1940s, the Marine Corps recruited 29 Navajo Indians to develop and implement a military code using the Navajo language,â&#x20AC;? Cowboy said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;By the end of the war, there were approximately 420 Navajos that had trained to be
code talkers. They would later be largely known as the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Navajo Code Talkersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;.â&#x20AC;? According to Naval History and Heritage Command, the idea to use Navajo for secure communications came from Philip Johnston, the son of a missionary to the Navajos and one of the few non-Navajos who spoke their language fluently. Johnston, reared on the Navajo reservation, was a World War I veteran who knew of the militaryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s search for a code that would withstand all attempts to decipher it. He also knew that Native American languages, notably Choctaw, had been used in World War I to encode messages. Johnston believed Navajo answered the military requirement for an undecipherable code because Navajo is an unwritten language of extreme complexity. Its syntax and tonal qualities, not to mention dialects, make it unintelligible to anyone without extensive exposure and training. It has no alphabet or symbols, and is spoken only on the Navajo lands of the American Southwest. One FTUJNBUF JOEJDBUFT UIBU MFTT UIBO OPO Navajos, none of them Japanese, could understand the language at the outbreak of World War II. Cowboy explained that when a Navajo code talker received a message, what he heard was a string of unrelated Navajo words. The code talkers first had to translate each Navajo word into its English equivalent. The selection of a given term was based on the first letter of the English
meaning of the Navajo word. For example, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Wo-La-Cheeâ&#x20AC;?, is the Navajo word for â&#x20AC;&#x153;antâ&#x20AC;? and would represent the letter â&#x20AC;&#x153;Aâ&#x20AC;?. Other words such as â&#x20AC;&#x153;be-lasanaâ&#x20AC;? (apple) and â&#x20AC;&#x153;tse-nillâ&#x20AC;? (axe), would also be substituted in order to eliminate excessive repetition, which could have allowed the code to be intercepted. One way to say the word â&#x20AC;&#x153;Armyâ&#x20AC;? in Navajo code would be â&#x20AC;&#x153;wol-la-cheeâ&#x20AC;? (Ant) â&#x20AC;&#x153;gahâ&#x20AC;? (Rabbit) Na-as-tso-si (Mouse) Tsah-aszih (Yucca).â&#x20AC;? Thus, the translation would be taking the first letter of each English word, A-R-M-Y. The original code the Navajos created at Camp Pendleton, had approximately 200 terms and grew to over 400 by warâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s end, Cowboy said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In training, all the codes had to be memorized. On the battlefield, the code was never written down, it was always spoken,â&#x20AC;? she said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;And the code talkers could communicate in 20 seconds what UPPL UIF UFDIOPMPHZ PG UIBU UJNF NJOutes to do.â&#x20AC;? The code devised by the Navajo Marines was the only code in the history of American warfare that was never broken and helped the U.S. Marine Corps as they battled across the Pacific from 19421945. The battle of Iwo Jima is one of the finest examples of the code talkerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s proficiency. During that battle, six Navajo Code Talkers sent over 800 messages without error. Cowboy said that according to Maj. Howard Conner, the Fifth Marine Divisionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Signal Officer, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The entire operation was directed by Navajo code. . . During the two days that followed the initial landings, I had six Navajo radio nets working around the clock . . . They sent and received over 800 messages without an error. Were it not for the
Navajo Code Talkers, the Marines never would have taken Iwo Jima.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Following World War II, the code talkers were ordered to keep the code a secret in case America needed to use the code BHBJO o XIJDI JU EJE PO B TNBMM TDBMF JO the Korean and Vietnam conflicts. The code talkers remained silent about their time as Marines until 1968 when the code was declassified, Cowboy said. Although neither of her biological grandfathers were Code Talkers, Cowboy explained that in the Navajo tradition an elder in the tribe is considered a grandfather to all through the Navajo clanship. Those stories about her grandfathers are what inspired her to enlist in the Army and continue the American Indian tradition of military service. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The stories carried a message of perseverance, strength, tradition, teamwork, and survival that I have embraced and leaned on in my own career,â&#x20AC;? she said. In her closing remarks Cowboy quoted John Brown, Jr., one of the original code talkers who spoke on behalf of the Navajo Code Talkers in front of the members of Congress and the United States Marine Corps, who said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have seen much in our lives; we have experienced war and peace; we know the value of freedom and democracy that this great nation embodies. But, our experiences have also shown us how fragile these things can be, and how we must stay ever vigilant to protect UIFN "T DPEF UBMLFST o BT .BSJOFT o XF did our part to protect these values. It is my hope that our young people will carry on this honorable tradition as long as the grass shall grow and the rivers flowâ&#x20AC;?. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And to the American Indians Soldiers,â&#x20AC;? she added, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Be proud of your culture, never forget who you are, and where you come from.â&#x20AC;?
PETRAEUS Continued from Page 1
thing about it. Las Vegas rules do not ap- deters them from hitting the send key ply in these places. What happens there if they ever get the cyber equivalent of a weapon of mass destruction.â&#x20AC;? does not stay there.â&#x20AC;? He said they could possibly shut down He added that, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The U.S. has to lead,â&#x20AC;? because no other country has the man- the U.S. electric grid and keep it down, power and assets to spearhead coalitions which would be especially harmful during to defeat groups like ISIS, al-Qaida and cold winters or natural disasters. Vigilance is key, he said, even after 16 the Taliban. He also said the military has had to relearn, with success, how to wage years of war. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think you ever have a situation such a battle. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In our zeal to never do another Vietnam, where you take the hill, plant the flag and we also threw out everything we learned go home to a victory parade,â&#x20AC;? Petraeus said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I think, again, youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re going to have about counterinsurgency,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And even did away with some of the ca- to have a comprehensive campaign thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pabilities to actually carry out that kind of a test of wills. The Taliban famously said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;You may have the watches, but we have campaign.â&#x20AC;? When he was tasked with writing the the time.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s really important to remember why counterinsurgency manual for the military before the surge, he and other gener- we went there and why we have stayed. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s als basically started from scratch, he said. always good to come back to the mission.â&#x20AC;? Petraeus spoke about many other topics, The next battle may be fought in cyberspace, Petraeus said, noting that that ranging from North Korea, Syria, Russia and his leadership style. For more of what â&#x20AC;&#x153;keeps him awake at night.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not just nation states, that we think he said, go to www.militarypress.com. The World Affairs Council of Orange we can deter,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The one that worries me, is Islamist extremists who will County hosts several events with promiblow themselves up on the battlefield to nent world leaders. More information can take us with them, and I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know what be found at www.worldaffairscouncil.org. XXX NJMJUBSZQSFTT DPN t OFXT!NJMJUBSZQSFTT DPN
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vice again replied, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s going to be a very cold winter.â&#x20AC;? The chief again went back to his people and ordered them to collect every scrap of firewood they could find. Two weeks later, the chief called the National Weather Service again. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Are you absolutely sure that the winter is going to be very cold?â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Absolutely,â&#x20AC;? the man replied. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s looking more and more like it is going to be one of the coldest winters weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve ever seen.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;How can you be so sure?â&#x20AC;? the chief asked. The weatherman replied, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Indians are collecting a ton of firewood!â&#x20AC;?
Wake up for church
Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s late fall and the Indians on a remote One Sunday morning, a mother went in reservation in South Dakota asked their to wake her son and tell him it was time to new chief if the coming winter was going get ready for church, to which he replied, to be cold or mild. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not going.â&#x20AC;? Since he was a chief in a modern soâ&#x20AC;&#x153;Why not?â&#x20AC;? she asked. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll give you two ciety, he had never been taught the old good reasons,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;One, they donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t secrets. When like me, and he looked at the two, I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t like Got a funny joke you want to share? them.â&#x20AC;? sky, he couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Send it to firstname.lastname@example.org. tell what the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll give YOU winter was gotwo good reaing to be like. sons why you Nevertheless, to be on the safe side, he SHOULD go to church,â&#x20AC;? his mother retold his tribe that the winter was indeed plied. â&#x20AC;&#x153;One, youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re 54-years-old, and two, going to be cold and that the members of youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re the pastor!â&#x20AC;? the village should collect firewood to be prepared. Senior guessing But, being a practical leader, after sevEighty-year-old Bessie bursts into the eral days, he got an idea. He went to the recreation room of the retirement home. phone booth, called the National Weather She holds her clenched fist in the air Service and asked, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Is the coming winter and announces, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Anyone who can guess going to be cold?â&#x20AC;? whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s in my hand, can take me out to dinâ&#x20AC;&#x153;It looks like this winter is going to ner tonight!â&#x20AC;? be quite cold,â&#x20AC;? the meteorologist at the A witty, elderly gentleman in the rear weather service responded. shouts out, â&#x20AC;&#x153;An elephant?â&#x20AC;? So the chief went back to his people and Bessie thinks a minute and replies, told them to collect even more firewood in â&#x20AC;&#x153;Close enough!â&#x20AC;? order to be prepared. A week later, he called the National Whiskey cure Weather Service again. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Does it still look A man drinks a shot of whiskey every like it is going to be a very cold winter?â&#x20AC;? night before bed. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Yes,â&#x20AC;? the man at National Weather SerAfter years of this the wife wants him
to quit, so she gets two shot glasses, filling one with water the other with whiskey. She gets him to the table with the glasses and has his bait box there too. She says, â&#x20AC;&#x153;I want you to see this.â&#x20AC;? She puts a worm in the water it swims around. She puts a worm in the whiskey and the worm dies. She says, â&#x20AC;&#x153;So, what do you have to say about this experiment?â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;If I drink whiskey, I wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t get worms!â&#x20AC;?
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A lawyer was cross-examining the doctor about whether or not he had checked the pulse of the deceased before he signed the death certificate. â&#x20AC;&#x153;No,â&#x20AC;? the doctor said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I did not check his pulse.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;And did you listen for a heartbeat?â&#x20AC;? asked the lawyer. â&#x20AC;&#x153;No I did not,â&#x20AC;? the Docâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s on the way doctor said. A husband and wife are on the 9th green â&#x20AC;&#x153;So,â&#x20AC;? said the lawyer, â&#x20AC;&#x153;When you signed when suddenly she collapses from a heart the death certificate, you had not taken attack! â&#x20AC;&#x153;Help me dear,â&#x20AC;? she groans to her steps to make sure he was dead.â&#x20AC;? husband. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Well, let me put it this way,â&#x20AC;? the doctor The husband calls 911 on his cell phone, talks for a few minutes, picks up his putter, and lines up his putt. His wife raises her head off the green and stares at him. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m dying over here and youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re putting?â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t worry dear,â&#x20AC;? says the husband calmly. â&#x20AC;&#x153;They found a doctor on the second hole and heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s coming to help you.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Well, how long will it take for him to get here,â&#x20AC;? she asks feebly? â&#x20AC;&#x153;No time at all,â&#x20AC;? says her husband. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Everybodyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s already agreed to let him play through.â&#x20AC;?
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SUDOKU The rules to play Sudoku are quite simple. Fill in the blanks so that each row, each column, and each of the nine 3x3 grids contain one instance of each of the numbers 1 through 9. DOWN 1. Dry riverbed 2. Part of a foot 3. By mouth 4. Short skirt 5. Vermin 6. Philanthropists 7. In the direction of 8. Death notice 9. Shooting star 10. Evil 11. Runs in neutral 12. Aspersions
13. Doglike nocturnal mammal 21. Church officer 25. Excavates 26. Pelts 27. A Freudian stage 28. Adhesive strip 29. Add-on 34. Void 36. Region 37. Killed 38. Song of praise 40. Ear-related
42. A small island 45. Umbrage 48. Reflexive form of â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;? 51. Of a pelvic bone 52. Offensively curious 53. Flies alone 55. Page 58. Tall woody plant 59. Telephoned 60. Doing nothing 61. Away from the wind 62. Catches
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GIFTS Continued from Page 3
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an elastic cord when wrapped around a headrest in a plane or car prevents head bobbing. www.GoSleepUSA.com. t 4VQQPSU ZPVS MPDBM BSUT BOE TVCTDSJCF to season tickets. My choice is the La Jolla Playhouse. It offers military nights at the Playhouse, veteransâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; playwriting workshops and presentations of their annual POP Tour at military bases. ww.LaJollaPlayhouse.org. The â&#x20AC;&#x153;Entertainment Bookâ&#x20AC;? is a perennial favorite. Available in book form or digital format, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s been at the forefront of discounts for restaurants, travel, movies, shopping, etc., for decades. For 2018, I like the digital version, which offers local deals, as well as savings, in over 100 major cities in the U.S. and Canada. www.Entertainment.com. Hereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a freebie: The app â&#x20AC;&#x153;Omaha Tutorial & Poker Resortsâ&#x20AC;? can be found in the iTunes store. Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s updated content on how to play pokerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most frustrating game, plus general advice, terms and an all-new section focusing on casino/resort travel destinations. Enjoy the journey â&#x20AC;Ś Howard Hian is the managing editor of Travel Savvy News, A Travel Writers Co-Op. For more, go to www.TravelSavvyNews.com and www. Travels-with-Hian.com.
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This year, Army owns wins over opponents such as Fordham, Buffalo, Eastern Michigan and Rice. Meanwhile, Navy stands at 6-5. The Midshipmen must win at least one more game to avoid suffering just their second MPTJOH TFBTPO TJODF Many pundits have the Midshipmen meeting an Atlantic Coast Conference opponent in the Military Bowl on Dec. 28 at Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium. Playing a postseason contest in its own stadium for the second time in three years cannot be very attractive for the Navy players, especially the seniors. However, it is looking more and more like a distinct possibility, since the Ameri-
can Athletic Conference works in conjunction with its bowl partners to create the best matchups that make sense in terms of travel and geography. You can be darn sure that Military Bowl organizers would love to land Navy to basically guarantee a successful game. A dream matchup for the Military Bowl would be Navy against Georgia Tech in a showdown of triple-option practitioners and the first meeting between teacher and pupils. Niumatalolo and offensive coordinator Ivin Jasper are both disciples of Paul Johnson, the former Navy head coach who is now in his 10th year at Georgia Tech. Military Bowl executive director Steve Beck would be just as happy with a NavyVirginia border battle as that also would attract a good crowd to Annapolis. Virginia is 6-6.
THREE BILLBOARDS Continued from Page 2
ing and every bit of a woman tired of the possible towards Mildred, and the ex in B.S.! Feeling unheard by the police and ex-husband isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t going to stop him. This thrown away by an abusive husband, one is certainly is a different role for Hawkes. Other cast include Zeljko Ivanek as the idea gives this character the remarkable strength to say, without a word, â&#x20AC;&#x153;I will be Desk Sergeant, Amanda Warren as Denise, heard or else!â&#x20AC;? Every moment McDor- Kerry Condon as Pamela, Riya Atwood as mand is on the screen I am completely riv- Polly, Selah Atwood as Jane, Christopher eted and engrossed with anticipation as to Berry as Tony, Jerry Winsett as Geofwhat she will do next. Nominations are in frey, Kathryn Newton as Angela, Samara McDormandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s future and I, for one, will be Weaving as Penelope, Clarke Peters as Abercrombie, Malaya Drew as Gabriella and cheering her every step of the way. Harrelson as Willoughby is an under- Darrell Britt-Gibson as Jerome. TUBS OF POPCORN: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Three Billstanding and tolerant man. He knows that Mildred is still riddled with grief boards Outside Ebbing, Missouriâ&#x20AC;? deand now feels the pressure even more serves, without a doubt, five tubs of popthat he hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t found the killer. He is corn out of five. This film has every range also dealing with Dixon, who is making of human emotion possible and isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t shy matters worse with his antics. Spending about making you feel it. A combination time with his wife and kids is becoming of the darkest of comedy mixed with jawmore important as his secret hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t been dropping twists and engrossing drama is a secret for quite some time. Harrelson what makes this film from start to finish. There isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t anything apologetic in this is endearing and is impeccable with his character humor. This is the second time film, and each character has a life of its in the last few months that Harrelson has own. McDormand is powerful and doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t impressed me, as his film â&#x20AC;&#x153;LBJâ&#x20AC;? should skip a beat in leading the film to its chuckling conclusion. Harrelson and Rockwell also be seen! Rockwell as Dixon gets to bring out the are polar opposites, which is what makes inner complete douche bag of this charac- their characters work. There is no surprise ter. Feeling he has the right to do whatever in what these two actors accomplish in he wants to whomever he wants because this film. The film does a dance with the viewerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s he has a badge is an embarrassment to pretty much everyone in town. Deciding emotions and even sets of a shock or two, he isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t going to stop being a jerk, Dixon but after seeing director McDonaghâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s preonce again takes matters into his own vious work such as â&#x20AC;&#x153;In Brugesâ&#x20AC;? and a perhands, and itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s nothing but disaster. It sure sonal favorite â&#x20AC;&#x153;Seven Psychopaths,â&#x20AC;? could doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t help that Momma Dixon (Sandy anyone not expect this film from him? I met McDonagh during his press junket Martin) is stoking the fires. Hedges as Robbie is a young man who for â&#x20AC;&#x153;Seven Psychopaths,â&#x20AC;? and I knew after understands what his mother has been speaking with him that Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d love anything through, but doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t agree with how she he did. His sense of humor and way with handles things. Living with the same pain characters comes out in every second of from the loss of his sister every day as well, the film. He wrote the screenplay with McDorhe watches her actions and canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t seem to make Mildred understand that nothing mand in mind for the lead role, and I am good can come of it all. Jones as Red is equally thrilled that he did so because she a laid-back kid who sees everything the rules the screen as Mildred. This is a powtown is about and when it comes to his erful film with exceptional performances that cannot, and should not, be missed. door a choice has to be made. In the end â&#x20AC;&#x201D; welcome to Ebbing! Dinklage as James is a good-hearted guy who seems to have a soft spot for Mildred. He wants nothing more than to Jeri Jacquin is the Movie Maven. For more on protect her â&#x20AC;&#x201D; oh and date her. Hawkes as films and television, go to http://moviemaven. Charlie thinks that he can be as abusive as homestead.com. XXX NJMJUBSZQSFTT DPN t OFXT!NJMJUBSZQSFTT DPN
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