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Jacob's deception of Isaac for the blessing – QUESTIONS: 1. Did Jacob have to deceive Isaac to receive that blessing? 2. Who inspired Isaac to give whatever blessing that he gave? 3. Are these blessings absolutely automatic? Can Jacob & Esau choose differently than what Isaac’s blessings over them says? (NOTE: Israel’s captivity 1000+ years later)

GENESIS CHAPTER 28 • Gen. 28:3-4 – Isaac’s 2nd blessing over Jacob – Note: NO DECEPTION NECESSARY HERE FOR ISAAC TO BLESS JACOB • Jacob's dream (“Jacob’s Ladder”); the transfer of the blessing of Abraham to him – Compare Gen. 12:3 with 28:14 - “In you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” • Jacob names the place Bethel, the house of God.

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 • Jacob meets Rachel; Jacob loves Rachel; Jacob works for seven years "for Rachel and they seemed to him but as a few days because of his love for her." 29:20 – Note 2 Pet. 3:8-9 – “With the Lord one day IS LIKE a thousand years, and a thousand years like one day. The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance.”

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 • 29:21-27 – Laban tricks Jacob; Jacob gets Leah – 29:30 – Jacob loves Rachel more than Leah – 29:31 – “The Lord saw that Leah was unloved … gave her children; but Rachel was barren.”

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 • 29:32-35 – Jacob's sons • 1. to Leah, Reuben (see a son) "surely now my husband will love me." • 2. to Leah, Simeon "because the Lord has heard I am unloved" • 3. to Leah, Levi (joined) "Now will my husband be joined unto me" • 4. to Leah, Judah (praise) "Now I will praise the Lord

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 • C. Jacob's sons • BUT AN UNHAPPY HOME IS TWO WIVES IN CONFLICT. Rachel is barren, embittered toward Leah: “Here is my maid…” 29:3 • 5. For Rachel, Bilhah has a son, Dan (judgment) “God has judged me ... given sentence in my favor.” • 6. For Rachel, Bilhah has another, Nephtali (wrestlings) “I have wrestled with my sister and prevailed.”

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 • C. Jacob's sons • NOTHING LIKE IMITATION & COMPETITION – Gen 30:9 “When Leah saw that she had stopped bearing, she gave her maid Zilpah to Jacob as a wife.” • 7. For Leah, Zilpah has a son, Gad (with fortune) “How fortunate” Gen. 30:10-11 • 8. For Leah, Zilpah has a son, Asher (happy) “Happy am I for women will call me happy” Gen. 30:12-13

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 • Gen. 30:14-16 –THE MANDRAKE EPISODE • Rachel “trades” with Leah – some bedtime with Jacob for the mandrakes – WHAT’S UP WITH THAT?

• ANCIENT BELIEF: Mandrakes had the ability to make a sterile woman fertile • Rachel’s thought – “Leah has been infertile for some time, so she won’t have more children; but NOW I will …”

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 HA HA HA! – NOT ONLY DOES RACHEL NOT HAVE ANY CHILDREN, BUT LEAH BEARS THREE MORE! • C. Jacob's sons • 9. To Leah, Issachar, (wages) “God has given me my wages, because I gave my maid to my husband.” Gen. 30:17-18 • 10. To Leah, Zebulun (dwelling) “God has endowed me with a good gift” Gen. 30:19-20 • Afterwards Leah gave birth to her daughter Dinah. Gen. 30:21

GENESIS CHAPTER 29 - 30 • • •

FINALLY, Rachel has a son C. Jacob's sons 11.To Rachel, Joseph (He has taken away my reproach [shame]; the Lord shall add to me another son.)

• “No book but the Bible narrates with such integrity the weaknesses of its heroes, and things so contrary to ideals which it aims to promote.” (Halley, p.104)

GENESIS CHAPTER 31 • LABAN – Greedy and dishonest 1. Gen. 29:26 – deceives Jacob, gives Leah instead of Rachel; EXCUSE: “It’s our tribal custom.” • QUESTION – Why didn’t Laban tell Jacob “up front” about this custom? Why did he keep quiet about it? 2. Gen. 31:4-7 – Changed Jacob’s wages 10x • Gen 31:15 - Rachel & Leah: “For he has sold us, and has also entirely consumed our purchase price.”

GENESIS CHAPTER 31 • LABAN – Greedy and dishonest 3. Gen. 31:38-41 – Jacob’s hard labor for Laban; receiving no reward from Laban, but receiving a just blessing from God 4. Gen. 31:42 – “Surely now you [Laban] would have sent me [Jacob] away emptyhanded.” 5. Gen 31:51-52 – 1ST RECORDED EXTERNAL BOUNDARY WHY? – Jacob could never bring Laban any more $$$; Laban – “Never come back.”

GENESIS CHAPTER 31 • “LIKE FATHER, LIKE SON” – Gen. 31:1 - Laban's sons said, “Jacob has taken away all that was our father's, and from what belonged to our father he has made all this wealth.”

GENESIS CHAPTER 31 “LIKE FATHER, LIKE DAUGHTER” – RACHEL • Gen. 30:14-15 – The mandrake fertility trade was done for her personal benefit • Gen. 31:19 – She stole her father’s idols • Gen. 31:34-35 – She faked having her monthly cycle to hide those idols from Laban when he searched her tent to find them.

GENESIS CHAPTER 32 • A. Jacob fears Esau; God protects & reconciles in response to: • 1. Jacob’s desperate plea to God • 2. Humility toward Esau: 32:4 • 3. [Through messengers] Jacob appeals to Esau to extend grace to him. 32:5 • B. Jacob's prayer: "I am unworthy of all the lovingkindness and of all the faithfulness which You have shown to Your servant..." v.10 • C. Jacob wrestles with the angel

GENESIS CHAPTER 32 • C. 32:24-31 – Jacob wrestles with the angel – His name is changed from Jacob to ISRAEL • “For you have striven [or wrestled] with God and with men and have prevailed.” – 32:31 – For the rest of his life, Jacob would limp – weakened hip • This would have put Jacob in great danger in case Esau wanted revenge; • Jacob’s humility overcame that

GENESIS CHAPTER 33 ESAU • Never once called upon the Lord • Carnal 1. 27:41 – jealous, wanted to kill Jacob 2. 33:9 – His response to the blessings of the Lord in his life – “I have enough.” – Compare Jacob’s attitude in 33:11 – “God has dealt graciously with me.” 3. Chap. 36 – established TYRANNY (kings)

GENESIS CHAPTER 34 • Jacob’s daughter Dinah defiled • What makes this incident so bad? – Like Laban with Jacob’s wives, the sons of Jacob were deceitful – acting friendly, setting up a trap for Hamor’s family – Jacob’s sons showed their lack of faith in God & identity with God – AT THE VERY TIME that God was distinguishing them as HIS PEOPLE – Emphasis: not God, but circumcision

GENESIS CHAPTER 34 • • • • •

Jacob’s daughter Dinah defiled Watch where you wander… 34:1 [esp. alone] A. Simeon and Levi pursue revenge through treachery (circumcision & attack) 1. God's name defiled 2. The cause of missions greatly hindered – Eccl 3:5 “A time to embrace and a time to shun embracing.” When is either right? – What should have been done in this case? 3. Jacob's standing jeopardized 34:30

GENESIS CHAPTER 35 • Jacob moves to Bethel at the Word of the Lord (remember what his sons just did) • A. God reaffirms the Covenant with Jacob • B. Rachel dies giving birth to Ben-oni (the son of my sorrow) – Jacob declares his name, Benjamin (the son of my right hand) – that is very near to me, set on my right hand for a blessing, the support of my age, like the staff in my right hand (Establ. his vision & purpose) • C. Reuben sins with Bilhah (Rachel’s maid)

GENESIS CHAPTER 36 • ESAU’S DESCENDANTS – Edomites (36:1 & 36:8), – Those who dwelt in Mount Seir (36:8-9) – Amalekites (36:16) • Chapter PROBABLY recorded by Jacob – Who would care more about Esau than Jacob? – Later generations of both brothers became enemies with one another – Edomite chiefs are only recorded down through the 3rd generation from Esau

GENESIS CHAPTER 36 • ESAU’S DESCENDANTS • Gen 36:31 “Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the sons of Israel.” (1950/1050 BC) • Possibly – a historical insertion – God appears to Jacob many times – However, there is no evidence (neither historical nor literary) that God gave Jacob this kind of prophetic word – Natural flow; no indication of proph. word – Inserted at least 900 years after orig. text

GENESIS CHAPTER 37 • Jacob’s writings end 37:1 – note auth. keys Joseph’s story begins 37:2 • A. Joseph was born: – 75 years after Abraham's death – 30 years before Isaac's death – When Jacob was 91 years old – 8 years before Jacob returned to Canaan • B. At 17 years, Joseph was sold into slavery – Brothers’ jealousy almost wipes out a godly dream & God’s plan for redemption

GENESIS CHAPTER 38 • Judah's genealogy inserted because from his lineage came the Messiah. • Why include this particular story? – The line of Messiah almost had NO lineage/posterity – Brutal honesty on how this line began • Through prostitution and deception • Tamar knew no other way in her culture to be “redeemed” (to have a son) • Tamar in Jesus’s genealogy (Matt. 1:3)

GENESIS CHAPTER 39 • Joseph imprisoned – 2nd major injustice against him – Joseph’s heart towards God • 39:9 – “My master has withheld nothing from me except you, because you are his wife. How then could I do this great evil and sin against God?” – Some people desire sin so deeply that there is no way to reason with them • Gen. 4:23-24 (Lamech), Gen. 19 (Sodom)

GENESIS CHAPTER 40 • Joseph interprets the dream of Pharaoh’s cup-bearer – The dude forgets to mention that it was Joseph who interpreted his dream – Gen. 41:9 – “OOPS!” – 3rd injustice to Joseph

GENESIS CHAPTER 41 • JOSEPH RULES OVER EGYPT • Brugsch, in his 'Egypt under the Pharaohs,' tells of an inscription which he calls a "very remarkable and luminous confirmation" of the seven years' famine. In a family rock-cut tomb of a certain Baba, governor of the city of El-Kab... is an inscription which Baba claims to have done for his city what the Bible says Joseph did for all Egypt: …

GENESIS CHAPTER 41 • JOSEPH RULES OVER EGYPT • “I collected corn, as a friend of the harvest god. And when a famine arose, lasting many years, I distributed corn to the city, each year of the famine.” Brugsch says: “Since famines in Egypt are of the very greatest rarity, and since Baba lived about the same time as Joseph, there remains but one fair inference: that the ‘many years famine’ in the days of Baba are the ‘seven years of famine’ under Joseph.”

GENESIS CHAPTER 42 - 45 • Joseph's testing of his brothers and revealing himself to them • Why? – Bring back his full brother Benjamin, who did nothing to hurt him (42:15-16) – See if his other brothers really had remorse and were sorry for what they did to him (42:21-23)

GENESIS CHAPTER 43 • Jacob with his youngest son Benjamin • He was special – Born as his beloved wife, Rachel, died – Born when Jacob was over 100 years old • Identified with his grandfather Abraham (Gen. 22) in Gen. 43:13-14 – “For me, if I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.” – 43:9 – Judah’s offer worthless (why lose another son?) • Identified w/ atonement; similar expr. of loss

GENESIS CHAPTER 46 - 50 • CHAPTER 46,47: Jacob's family settle in Egypt (Joseph was 39 years old) – 72 people total if including Joseph’s sons • CHAPTER 48,49: Jacob gives the blessing over his sons. – Recounts some historical events in his family (including what happened with Reuben and Simeon with Levi) • CHAPTER 50: Deaths of Jacob and Joseph – Israel – 71 years of freedom (Jo. 110 – 39)