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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

sEmþgFm’’tamGFüaRs&y .

GnubuBVIkfa 5 y¨ag ehtuena¼ éf¶ena¼ RB¼sasþa RTg´TteXIj«bnisß&y rbs´kudum<Ik_mhaálehIy kalnwgRTg´sEmþgFm’’ ánRtas´ GnuBVIkfa KWRTg´RbkasTankfa ( BN’naTan ) sIlkfa ( BN’na sIl ) sK:kfa ( BN’nazansYK’ ) GaTInvkfa ( BN’naGMBIeTas rbs´kamTaMgLay ) enkçmμkfa ( KWBN’naGMBIGanisgßénkar ecjcakkamTaMgLay ) .

mhaálsuMbYs kudum<Ik_mhaálánsþab´Fm’’ena¼ehIy Kitfa ²buRt nig FItakIþ

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RB¼sasþaRtas´sYrmhaálfa ²jatiNa@ rbs´GñkEdlRtÚv laminmaneT¦³ ? mhaálTUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ¹ RB¼Gg:manbðÚnRbúsmñak´³ . RB¼sasþa

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

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dl´RB¼mhaál .

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

eTIbGaraFnafa ²bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmInTaMgLay ebIelak m©as´TaMgLayenAcaMvsßaTIen¼rhUtGs´éRtmasen¼ ¹m©as´TaMg LaynwgtaMgenAkñúgsrN£ ehIyrkßasIl³ . PikçúTaMgLay k¾KiteXIjdUecñ¼fa ²eyIgGaRs&yRtkUlTaMgen¼nwgeFVITIbMputTukç án³ eTIbTTYlnimnþ . BYkmnusßdwgfa PikçúTaMgLayTTYlnimnþ ehIy ánnaMKñaeássMGatvihar erobcMTIsRmab´sRmak eBl éf¶ nigeBlyb´RbeKn . PikçúTaMgLaycUleTAbiNÐátkñúgRsúk ena¼CaRbcaM . RKaena¼ eBTümñak´cUleTArkPikçúTaMgLay ehIy bvarNafa ²elakm©as´d¾ceRmInTaMgLay

k¾FmμtakñúglMenAén

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sUmelakm©as´TaMgLayRáb´¹RB¼kruNa

¹RB¼kruNanwgeFVIePsC¢£RbeKn ³ .

RB¼mhaálsmaTanensC¢ikFutg: kñúgéf¶cUlvsßa RB¼efr£ehAPikçúTaMgena¼mk ( RBmKña )


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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ehIysYrfa ²mñalGñkmanGayuTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaynwg[ éRtmasen¼knøgeTA eday}riyabfbu¨nμan ³ ? PikçúTaMgLayeqøIyRáb´fa

²bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn

eyIg¹TaMgLay nwg[knøgeTAeday}riyabfRKb´TaMg 4 ³ . f¿

mñalGñkmanGayuTaMgLay

k¾karena¼smKYr¦

?

eyIgTaMgLayminKYrCaGñkRbmaTminEmn¦ ? eRBa¼eyIgTaMgLay eronRB¼kmμdæanmkGMBIsmñak´RB¼BuT§ EdlRTg´enAmanRB¼ Cnμ . Fmμtafa RB¼BuT§TaMgLay buK:lGñkeRcInedaykarGYt Gag minGacjúaMgRB¼Gg:[eRtkGráneT/ eRBa¼fa RB¼BuT§TaMg Lay mnusßmanGFüaRs&ylð ( EtmYycMBUk ) bu¨eNÑa¼ eTIb eFVIRB¼Gg:[eRtkGrán/ mü¨ageTot GáyPUmiTaMg 4 ebIkTVarrg´ caMbuK:lRbmaT ehIybuK:lRbmaT manpÞ¼ KWGáyPUmi 4/ Gñk manGayuTaMgLay sUmGñkTaMgLaykuMmanesckþIRbmaTeLIy . P¿ bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn etIelakm©as´dUcemþcEdr ?


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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

f¿ mñalGñkmanGayuTaMgLay ¹nwg[ ( éRtmasen¼ ) ( begðan ) knøgeTAeday}riyabf 3 nwgminTeRmtxñgeLIy . P¿ saFu sUmelakm©as´cUrCaGñkminRbmaTcu¼ .

ckçúrbs´mhaálBikar kalRB¼efr£minQancu¼kan´ni®nÞa/ júaMgkal[knøgeTA eday}riyabf

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kñúg

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

PikçúTaMgLay

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bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn

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RB¼efr£ . RKaena¼ RB¼efr£sYrsk;eTvraCfa ²nrNahñwg³ ? sk;eTvraCeqøIyfa bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn ¹RB¼kruNa CaGñkedIrpøÚvq¶ay ( CaGñkdMeNIr ) . f¿ mñal«ásk GñkeTATINa ? s¿

bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn

¹RB¼kruNaeTAkan´Rkúg

savtSI . f¿ eTAcu¼ GñkmanGayu . s¿ bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn elakm©as´nimnþeTAkan´TI NaEdr ? f¿ GatμaPaBk¾nimnþeTAkan´TIena¼Edr .


-38-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

s¿ ebIdUecña¼ eyIgTaMgLayeTACamYyKñacu¼elakm©as´ . f¿ GatμaPaBCamnusßTuBVlPaB/ karyWtyUrnwgmandl´ Gñk EdleTACamYynwgGatμaPaB . s¿ kic©Rbjab´rbs´¹RB¼kruNaminmaneT RbsinebI¹ RB¼kruNaáneFVIdMeNIreTACamYyelakm©as´ena¼ nwgánnUvbuBaØkiriyavtSú

10 Rbkar

¹RB¼kruNa

RbkarNanImYyminxan/

sUmelakm©as´eTACamYynwg¹RB¼kruNacu¼ . RB¼efr£Kitfa ²nu+¼nwgCasb,úrs³ eTIbeBalfa ²ebIdUecña¼ «áskcUrcab´cugeQIRct´rbs´GatμaPaBcu¼ ³ .

sk;eTvraCnaMRB¼efr£eTAdl´vtþeCtBn sk;eTvraC RTg´eFVIy¨agena¼ehIy bMRBÜjEpndI[dl´ vtþeCtBn kñúgevlaresol . RB¼efr£án|sUrsMeLgt®nþI mans&gç nigrnat CaedIm ehIysYrfa ²sMeLghñwgenATINa ³ ?


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-39-

s¿ RkúgsavtSI elakm©as´ . f¿ kñúgevlaeTA GatμaPaBeTAGs´evlayUrNas´ . s¿ bBiRtelakm©as´ ¹RB¼kruNas:al´pøÚvkat´ . kñúgxN£ena¼ RB¼efr£dwgánfa ²Gñken¼minEmnmnusß RákdCaeTvta³ . ( ehtuena¼RB¼bUraNacarüTaMgLay eTIbeBalfa ) ²sk;eTvraC EdlCaesþcéneTvta RTRTg´sirIrbs´eTvraC esþcbMRbÜjpøÚvmkdl´RkúgsavtISy¨agqab´rh&s³ . sk;eTvraCnaMRB¼efr£eTAkan´bNÑsala Edlkudum<Ik_Ca bðÚnRbúseFVIedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl´RB¼efr£ena¼Ég

nimnþ[Kg´elI

bnÞ¼kþar ehIynimμitxøÜnCasmøaj´rbs´culø£ ehIyeTAkan´smñak´ énkudum<Ik_culøál ERskehAfa ²En+ ál£smøaj´³ . kudum<Ik_culøálERsksYrfa ( sðI ? smøaj´ ) sk;¿ elakándwgfa RB¼efr£mkehIy¦ ?


-40-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

culø£¿ ¹minTan´dwgeT/ k¾RB¼efr£mkehIy¦ ? sk;eTvraCRtas´fa ²eGI smøaj´ ¹eTAkan´vihareXIj RB¼efr£Kg´enAkñúgbNÑsala EdlelakeFVITuksRmab´RB¼efr£ Gm,aj´mijen¼Ég³ dUecñ¼ehIy esþck¾eKcecjeTA . cMENkkudum<Ik_eTAdl´vihar eXIjRB¼efr£eehIy ERsk yMbRm¼nenolenAeTobáTmUlrbs´RB¼efr£ eBalfa ²elak m©as´d¾ceRmIn ¹RB¼kruNaeXIjehtuen¼ehIy eTIbminRBm[ elakm©as´bYs³

dUecña¼CaedIm ehIyeFVIekμgTas£BIrnak´[Ca

GñkCa[bYskñúgsmñak´rbs´RB¼efr£

ehIypþaMfa

²elakTaMg

Lay cUrnaMykrbs´qan´ manbbr nigáyCaedIm mkGMBIxag kñúgRsúk«bdæakRB¼efr£³

dUecñ¼ehIy

RbKl´kic©ena¼[eFVI

.

sameNrTaMgLayk¾eFVIvtþbeRmIRB¼efr£ . éf¶mYy PikçúTaMgLay GñkenAkñúgTis ( GñkenAkñúgTIdéT ) mkkan´vtþeCtBn eday bMNgfa ²nwgKal´RB¼sasþa³ fVaybg:MRB¼sasþa sYrsuxTukç


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-41-

RB¼GsitImhasavk ehIyRtac´eTAkan´TIcarikkñúgvihar

dl´

lMenARB¼ckçúáletSrehIy manmuxeq<a¼eTATIena¼enAevlaresol edaybMNgfa ²nwgemIlTIena¼³ . kñúgxN£ena¼ mhaemXjúaMgePøóg[Føak´cu¼mk . BYk elakKitfa ²}LÚven¼resolehIy/ ehIyemXk¾ePøógeTot³ eyIgnwgmkemIleBlRBwk dUecñ¼ehIy k¾RtLb´eTAvij . ePøóg Føak´kñúgbzmyam Qb´kñúgCmÄimyam . RB¼efr£CaGñk ( Føab´ ) RárB§esckIþBüayamedIrc®g;mCanic©/ ehtudUecñ¼

eTIbcu¼kan´TI

c®g;m nimnþc®g;mkñúgbc©imyam . k¾kñúgkalena¼ emePøógCa eRcInekIteLIgehIyelIépÞdIEdlmanePøógFøak´fμI@ .

kalRB¼

efr£c®g;m eTAmk ánCan´emePøóggab´CaeRcIn . BYkGenþvasik minTan´áneásTIc®g;mrbs´RB¼efr£enA eLIy rIÉBYkPikçúeRkAen¼mkedaybMNgfa ²nwgemIllMenArbs´ RB¼efr£³ eXIjstVTaMgLaykñúgTIc®g;mehIy sYrfa ²nrNa


-42-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

c®g;mkñúgTIen¼³ BYksisßrbs´RB¼efr£eqøIyfa ²«bCÄay_rbs´ BYk¹kruNaelakm©as´³ . PikçúTaMgLayti¼edolfa ²GñkTaMg LaycUremIlkmμrbs´smN£cu¼

kñúgkalEdlmanckçúenACa

elakedkmineFVIGVI kalmanckçúvikl eFVIÉgedIrc®g;m júaMgstV manCIvit[gab´y¨ageRcIn . BYkPikçúeTARkabTUlRB¼tfaKtkñúg xN£ena¼fa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ( c®g;m )

RB¼ckçúáletSrTukxøÜnfa

eFVIstVmanCIvitCaeRcIn[gab´³ .

RB¼sasþaRTg´Rtas´sYrfa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLayGñkTaMgLay eXIj elakkMBugeFVIstVmanCIvitCaeRcIn[søab´Edr¦³ . PikçúTaMgena¼ RkabTUlfa ²mineXIjeTRB¼Gg: ³ . s¿ GñkTaMgLaymineXIjelak ( eFVI ) y¨agNa sUm,I elakk¾mineXIjstVmanCIvitTaMgena¼dUecña¼Edr LayEdleQμa¼fa

mñalPikçúTaMg-

ectnaCaehtujúaMgstV[gab´rbs´RB¼

xINaRsBTaMgLay ( KWbuK:lGñkmanGasv£Gs´ehIy ) rEmg


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-43-

minman . P¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn kal«bnisß&yénRB¼Grhtþman ehtudUcemþc eTIbelakkøayCaGñkmanckçúggwteTAvij . s¿

mñalPikçúTaMgLay

edayGMNackmμEdlxøÜneFVITuk

ehIy . P¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾cMerIn k¾elakáneFVIkmμGVITuk .

buBVkmμrbs´RB¼ckçúál RB¼sasþaRtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay ebIdUecña¼GñkTaMg LaycUrsþab´edayeKarBcu¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy ( Rtas´niTanerOgfa ) ½ kñúgGtItkal

kalRB¼áTBaraNsI

sm,tþienAkñúgRkúgBaraNsI

RKb´RKgraC-

eBTümñak´Rtac´eFVIevC¢kmμkñúgRsúk

nigniKm eXIj®sIþEdlmanckçúTuBVlk¾sYrfa ²nagekItGI ³ ? ®sIþena¼eqøIyfa ²¹emIlmineXIj³ . eBTüeBalfa ²¹nwgeFVIfñaM[nag³ .


-44-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

s¿ bBiRtelakm©as´ sUmelakeFVIcu¼ . B¿ nag [GVI¹ ? s¿ RbsinebIelakGaceFVInUvEPñkTaMgLayrbs´¹[ RtLb´CaRbRktIán/ ¹ nigbuRtFItanwgRBmeFVICaTasaTasIrbs´ elak . B¿ ²lðehIy nag³ dUecñ¼ehIy pßMfñaM[/ EPñkTaMgLay RtLb´CaRbRktI edayfñaMEtmYymuxbu¨eNÑa¼ . ®sIþena¼Kitfa ²eyIgánebþCJacMeBa¼eBTüena¼fa ²eyIg nigbuRtFItaRBmeFVICaTasaTasIrbs´eK³

k¾bu¨EnþeKmuxCanwg

minehArkeyIgedayvacaEdlTn´Pøn´eT eyIgnwgbeBaäateK³ . kalEdleBTümkehIysYrfa ²mñalnagd¾ceRmIn eraKkñúgEPñk rbs´nagdUcemþceTAehIy³ ? nagk¾eqøIyfa ²kalmunEPñkTaMgLayrbs´¹ cak´edatEtbnþicbnþÜcbu¨eNÑa¼ }LÚven¼ cak´edat y¨agéRkElg³ . eBTüKitfa ®sIþen¼kuhkeyIg edaymincg´[


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

nUvvtSútictYcEdlCaéføQñÜl en¼eT/

-45-

eyIgminRtÚvkaréføQñÜlGMBI®sþI

eyIgnwgeFVI®sþIen¼[xVak´kñúgkal}LÚven¼³

ehIyeTA

kan´pÞ¼Ráb´esckIþena¼dl´Priyarbs´xøÜn . nagánenAesøóm . eBTüena¼pßMfñaMmYymux ehIyk¾eTAkan´smñak´®sþIena¼ edayRáb´ [bnþk´fñaMfa ²mñalnagd¾ceRmIn cUrnagbnþk´fñaMen¼cu¼³ . EPñk TaMgBIrxagánrlt´eTAdUcGNþatRbTIbdUecña¼ . eBTüena¼án ( mkekIt ) CackçúálPikçúkñúgkal}LÚven¼ . RB¼sasþaRtas´fa

²mñalPikçúTaMgLay

kmμEdlbuRt

tfaKteFVIehIykñúgkalena¼Cab´tameKGMBIeRkay@ . BitNas´ EdleQμa¼faábkmμ

rEmgCab´tamGñkeFVI

dUckg´reT¼vileTA

tamsñameCIgeKa ( KWeKaEdleKTwmreT¼pÞúkTMnij ) eKanaMeTAnUv Fur£³

lu¼RTg´Rtas´erOgen¼ehIy RB¼Gg:CaFmμraCa

RTg´án

Rtas´RB¼Kafaen¼bnþGnusn§i dUcRbfab´RB¼raCsasn_ Edlman dIRbcaMTukehIyedayRB¼raClBa©k; ( Rtarbs´RB¼raCa ) fa ½


-46-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

1 menabuBVg:ma Fmμa

menaesdæa menamya

mnsa ec bTuedæn

Pasti va kerati va

teta nM TukçmenVti

ck;Mv vheta bTM .

Fm’’TaMgLay mancitþCaRbFan mancitþRbesIrbMput ( mancitþCaFM ) seRmcGMBIcitþ ebIbuK:lmancitþRtÚv eTasRbTUsþehIy eBalkIþ eFVIkIþ ( nUvTuc©rit ) eRBa¼ Tuc©ritTaMgena¼

TukçrEmgCab´tambuK:lena¼eTA

dUckg´reT¼viltamdaneCIgeKaEdlkMBugGUsnwmeTA .

GFib,ayKafa citþEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmiTaMg 4 mankamavcrkuslcitþ CaedIm eQμa¼fa ²mena³ kñúgRB¼Kafaen¼ . bu¨EnþcitþEdlekIt eLIgdl´eBTükñúgkalena¼ KWCaeTasmUlcitþbu¨eNÑa¼ . bTfa

buBVg:ma KW RbkbRBmehIyedaycitþ EdlCa

FmμCati manRbRktIRbRBwtþeTAmun .


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-47-

bTfa Fmμa ERbfa Fm’’TaMgLay EdleQμa¼faFm’’man 4 y¨ag KWKuNFm’’ eTsnaFm’’ briytþiFm’’ nignisßtþniC¢IvFm’’ . bNþaFm’’TaMg 4 Rbkarena¼ Fmμs&BÞkñúgBaküfa ²Fm’’ nigGFm’’ TaMgBIrRbkaren¼

[plmindUcKña

GFm’’rEmgnaMeTAkan´nrk

Fm’’rEmg[dl´ suKti³ . dUecñ¼eQμa¼fa KuNFm’’ ( ERbfa Fm’’ KWKuN ) . Fmμs&BÞ kñúgBaküfa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay tfaKtnwgsEmþgFm’’manlmð bTedImdl´GñkTaMgLay³ dUecñ¼CaedIm eQμa¼faeTsnaFm’’ ( ERb fa Fm’’ KWeTsna ) .

Fmμs&BÞkñúgBaküfa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay

kulbuRtBYkxø¼kñúgelaken¼ rEmgeronFm’’ KWsut£/ eKyü£ dUecñ¼ CaedIm eQμa¼fa briytþiFm’’ ( ERbfa Fm’’ KWbriytþi ) . Fmμs&BÞ kñúgBaküen¼fa dUecñ¼CaedIm

sm&yena¼ÉgFm’’TaMgLay

eQμa¼fa

nisßtþFm’’ ( ERbfa

KWxn§rEmgman³ Fm’’KWsPav£Edl

minEmnstV ) sUm,In&ykñúgbTfa ²niC¢IvFm’’³ EdlERbfa ( Fm’’ KW


-48-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

sPav£minEmnCIv£ ) k¾dUcKña .

bNþaFm’’TaMg 4 Rbkarena¼

nisßtþFm’’ ¦niC¢IvFm’’ RB¼sasþaRTg´RáfñaykkñúgKafaen¼ . nisßtþFm’’ ¦niC¢IvFm’ena¼ edayGtSk¾ándl´ GrUbkçn§ 3 Rbkar KW ²evTnaxn§ sBaØaxn§ sgçarkçn§³ . eRBa¼ehtufa GrUbkçn§ 3 Rbkaren¼ eQμa¼fa mancitþCaRbFan . manBaküsYrfa ²k¾citþmanvtSú 1 manGarmμN_ 1 ekItkñúg xN£ 1 rlt´kñúgxN£ 1 CamYynwgFm’’TaMgena¼ minmun min eRkay eQμa¼fa CaRbFanénFm’’TaMgena¼dUcemþc³ ? manBaküeqøIyfa ²citþmaneQμa¼fa CaRbFanénFm’’TaMg ena¼ edayGtSfa Cabc©&yjúaMgFm’’TaMgena¼[ekIteLIg . dUc y¨agfa kalBYkecarCaeRcIneFVIecarkmμ manbøn´GñkRsúkCaedIm CamYyKña kalmaneKsYrfa ²nrNaCaRbFanénBYkva nrNaCa bc©&yrbs´BYkva

KWBYkvaGaRs&yGñkNa

eTIbeFVIkmμena¼án

Gñkena¼ eTa¼bICaeQμa¼Ttþ£k¾eday eQμa¼mtþ£k¾eday eKehA


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

faRbFanrbs´va y¨agNamij

-49-

Bakü«bemyüEdlCaeRKÓg

júaMgGtS[dl´RBmen¼ bNiÐtKb,Idwgc,as´ dUecñ¼ . citþeQμa¼ faCaRbFanénFm’’TaMgLayena¼ edayGtSfa Cabc©&yjúaMgFm’’ TaMgena¼[ekIteLIg

eRBa¼ehtuena¼ Fm’’TaMgena¼ eTIbeQμa¼fa

mancitþCaRbFan/

eRBa¼kalcitþminekIteLIg

minGacnwgekIteLIgán ekIteLIg

Fm’’TaMgena¼

cMENkcitþsUm,IectsikFm’’BYkxø¼min

k¾GacekIteLIgánEdr

.

mü¨ageTot

citþeQμa¼fa

CaFMénFm’’TaMgLayena¼ edayGMNacCaGFibtI eRBa¼ehtuena¼ Fm’’TaMgena¼ eTIbeQμa¼famancitþCaFM . dUcy¨agfa CnTaMgLaymanecarEdlCaRbFanCaedIm EdlCaGFibtI áneQμa¼fa CaFMénCnTaMgLaymanecarCaedIm

y¨agNamij

citþEdlCa

GFibtImaneQμa¼fa CaFMénFm’’TaMgena¼dUecña¼Edr eRBa¼ehtuena¼ Fm’’TaMgena¼ eTIbeQμa¼fa mancitþCaFM .

mü¨ageTot PNУTaMg

Layena¼@ seRmcehIyGMBIvtSúNa maneQICaedIm k¾eQμa¼


-50-

fa

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

Carbs´seRmcehIyGMBIeQICaedIm

y¨agNa

sUm,IFm’

TaMgLayena¼ maneQμa¼faseRmcehIyGMBIcitþ eRBa¼seRmc mkGMBIcitþ

dUecña¼ .

bTfa bTuedæn KW EdleTasmanGPiCÄaCaedIm EdleTIb crmkfμIRbTUsþehIy . BitNas´ citþRbRktIeQμa¼faPvg:citþ/ Pvg:citþena¼minRtÚveTasRbTUsþeLIy

.

dUcy¨agfa

Twkføa

esAhμgehIy eRBa¼BN’TaMgLay manBN’exovCaedImEdl eTIbmkfμIcUleTAeFVI[esAhμg

CaTwkepßgmanBN’exovCaedIm

nigeQμa¼faTwkfμIk¾minEmn nigeQμa¼faTwkføadUcedIm k¾minEmn y¨agNamij Pvg:citþRtÚveTas manGPiCÄaCaedImEdleTIbmk fμIRbTUsþehIy nwgeQμa¼facitþfμIk¾minEmn nwgeQμa¼faPvg:citþ dEdlk¾minEmn/

eRBa¼ehtuena¼

²mñalPikçúTaMgLay

eTIbRB¼manRB¼PaKRtas´fa

citþen¼CaFmμCatipUrpg´ EtvaesAhμgeRBa¼

«bki;elsTaMgLayEdleTIbmkfμInu+¼Ég³ dUecñ¼ . ebIbuK:lman


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-51-

citþRtÚveTasRbTUsþehIyy¨agen¼ . áTRB¼Kafafa Pasti va kerati va KWkalbuK:lena¼ niyayrEmgniyayEtvcITuc©rit 4 y¨ag kaleFVIrEmgeFVIEtkay Tuc©rit 3 y¨ag kalminniyay kalmineFVI eRBa¼kalEdlxøÜn CaGñkmancitþEdleTas man GPiCÄa CaedIm RbTUsr¨ayehIy ena¼ rEmgjúaMgmenaTuc©rit 3 y¨ag[eBj . Gkuslkmμbf 10 y¨ag rbs´buK:lena¼ rEmgdl´kareBjeBaredayRbkar y¨agen¼ . áTRB¼Kafafa teta nM TukçmenVti esckIþfa Tukç rEmgCab´tambuK:lena¼eTA eRBa¼Tuc©rit 3 y¨agena¼ KWTukçEdl Capl TaMgRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkay nigRbRBwtþeTAkñúgcitþ edaybriyayy¨agen¼fa TukçmankayCaTItaMgxø¼ TukçmancitþeRkAen¼Ca TItaMgxø¼ rEmgeTAtamGtþPaBena¼ EdlCaGñkeTAenAkñúgGáy PUmi 4 kIþ kñúgBYkmnusßkIþ edayGanuPaBénTuc©ritena¼ . manBaküsYrfa ²TukçrEmgCab´tambuK:lena¼dUcCaGVI³ ?


-52-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr

manBaküeqøIyfa

dUcCakg´reT¼vileTAtamsñameCIgeKa

EdlnaMeTAnUvFur£dUecña¼/ GFib,ayfa ²dUcCakg´reT¼EdlvileTA tamsñameCIgeKaEdleKTwmTukhñwgnwmnaMnwmeTA .

dUcy¨agfa

vaGUseTAGs´mYyéf¶kIþ BIréf¶kIþ 10 éf¶kIþ knø¼ExkIþ rEmgminGac [kg´RtLb´viján KWminGacedIm,Il¼bg´nUvkg´eTAán/ kñúgn&y fa kalvaQaneTAxagmux nwmk¾ebotebon ( sg;t´ ) k ( rbs´ va ) kalvafyeRkaykg´k¾Tg:ic ( kkit ) nUvsac´ePøArbs´va/ kg´ebotebonedayehtu 2 Rbkaren¼ CavtSúEdlRbRBwtþeTAtam sñameCIgrbs´va y¨agNa/ Tukçkay nigTukçcitþ EdlmanTuc©rit CamUl

rEmgCab´tambuK:lGñkmancitþEdlRtÚveTasRbTUsþ

ehIy júaMgTuc©rit 3 Rbkar[eBjbribUN’ehIy zitenAkñúgTI EdleKeTAehIy@ mannrkCaedImy¨agena¼Ég .


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-53-

kñúgkalcb´Kafa Pikçú 3000 rUb ánseRmcRB¼Grhtþ mYyGenøIedaybdismÖiTaTaMgLay . eTsnaánCakfamanRbeyaCn_ manplsUm,Idl´bris&TGñkRbCuMKñaehIy dUecñ¼Ég .

( erOgRB¼ckçúáletSr cb´ )

ros


2 erOgmdækuNÐlI

esckIþxagedIm cMENkRB¼KafaTIBIrfa ²menabuBVg:ma³ CaedIm RB¼man RB¼PaK RTg´RárB§mdækuNÐlImaNB sEmþgenAkñúgRkúgsavtSI ena¼Ég .

RBahμN_eFVIeRKÓgRbdab´[buRt manesckIþdMNalmkfa enAkñúgRkúgsavtSI manRBahμN_ mñak´eQμa¼ GTinñbuBVk£ . Kat´minFøab´[vtSúGVI @ dl´nrNa @ . eRBa¼ehtuena¼ mhaCnk¾ándak´eQμa¼[Kat´fa ²GTinñbuBVk£³ Kat´manbuRtmñak´CaTIRsLaj´eBjcitþ . eRkaymk Kat´cg´ edIm,InwgeFVIeRKÓgRbdab´[dl´buRtena¼ k¾Kitfa ²RbsinebIeyIg CYlCagmas[eFVIk¾nwgRtÚv[Ptþ nigéføQñÜldl´Cag³ dUecña¼ ehIy k¾dMmasedayxøÜnÉg ehIyeFVICaTMhU‘relag@ eRscehIy [ ( dl´buRtrbs´xøÜn ) eRBa¼ehtuena¼

eTIbbuRtrbs´Kat´án


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-55-

RákdeQμa¼fa mdækuNÐlI³ .

BüaálbuRtxøÜnÉgeRBa¼xøacGs´éføQñÜl kñúgkalbuRtena¼manGayuán 16 qñaM k¾ekIteraKs:m elog

.

mataRkeLkeXIjbuRtehIyk¾niyaynwgRBahμN_

²EdlCasVamI³ fa ²bBiRtRBahμN_ eraKekIteLIgehIydl´buRt rbs´elak sUmelakrkeBTümkBüaál[vacu¼³ . RBahμN_eqøIyfa ²En nagd¾ceRmIn RbsinebIGjnwgrk eBTümk/ GjnwgKb,I[éføQñÜl nigrgVan´dl´eK nagmineXIj nUvkarxatbg´RTBürbs´eyIgeTGI³ . nagRBahμNIsYrfa

²bBiRtRBahμN_

kalebIdUecña¼

etIelakeFVIdUcemþceTA³ ? RBahμN_eqøIyfa ²RTBürbs´eyIgnwgminxatbg´eTAeday RbkarNa eyIgnwgeFVIy¨agena¼³ . RBahμN_ena¼eTAkan´smñak´BYkeBTüehIy

sYrfa ²BYk


-56-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

elakpßMfñaMdUcemþcdl´GñkCm¶WEdlekIteraKeQμa¼ÉeNa¼³ . RKaena¼ BYkeBTük¾Ráb´nUvrukçaGvyv£ mansMbkeQICa edImdl´RBahμN_ena¼ . RBahμN_ ( eTA ) yk¬seQICaedIm EdlBYkeTBüRáb´ena¼mk

ehIyeFVIfñaM[dl´buRtrbs´xøÜn

.

kalRBahμN_eFVIfñaMdUecña¼[buRtrbs´xøÜnpwk/ eraKán ( keRmIk eLIg ) y¨agxøaMgkøa ( rhUt ) cUldl´karEdlminmannrNanwg Büaálán . RBahμN_dwgfabuRtTuBVlPaBehIy k¾GeBa¢Ij eBTümñak´mk eBTüena¼ ( mk ) BinitüemIlehIy k¾niyay ( eKc Ek ) fa ²¹mankic©rvl´ sUmelakGeBa¢IjeBTüdéTmkBüaál cu¼³ dUecña¼ehIy RbEkknwgRBahμN_ena¼ehIy k¾laeTA .

[buRtedkeRkApÞ¼eRBa¼xøaceKeXIjsm,tþi RBahμN_dwgfa buRtrbs´xøÜnCitsøab´ehIy k¾Kitfa ²BYk CnEdlmkedIm,IsYrsuxTukçbuRten¼

eXIjRTBüsm,tþixagkñúg

pÞ¼ eyIgnwgnaMeKecjeTAxageRkA³ dUecñ¼ehIy eTIbnaMykbuRt


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-57-

ecjmk[edkB§d¾xageRkApÞ¼ .

RB¼BuT§BicarNaeXIj«bnisß&yrbs´mdækuNÐlI kñúgevlabc©Úsm&ynaéf¶ena¼ RB¼manRB¼PaK esþcecj GMBIRB¼mhakruNasmabtþi RTg´RbemIlemIlnUvstVelakeday BuT§ckçú

edIm,IEsVgrkBYkstVGñkmanepABgß

ENnaMán

EdlmankuslmUlekIteLIg

EdlRB¼Gg:Kb,I ehIymanGFikar

EdláneFVITukehIykñúgRB¼BuT§Gg:mun@ ánRTg´pßaysMNaj´ KWRB¼jaNeTAkñúgmuWncRkvaL . mdækuNÐlImaNB ánRákdB§d¾xagkñúgsMNaj´ KWRB¼ jaN kalEdlxøÜnedkenAB§d¾xageRkApÞ¼ena¼Ég . RB¼sasþa TteXIjmdækuNÐlIehIy RTg´RCabfa RBahμN_ EdlCabitanaMbuRtecjGMBIxagkñúgpÞ¼ pÞ¼ena¼

RTg´BicarNafa

ehIy[edkB§d¾xageRkA

kalEdltfaKtyageTAkan´TIena¼

²nwgmanRbeyaCn_xø¼Edr¦eThñ+³ kMBugRTg´BicarNaena¼Ég k¾


-58-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

áneXIjehtuen¼fa ²maNBena¼nwgjúaMgcitþ[RC¼føakñúgtfaKt eFVIkalkiriyaehIynwgekItkñúgviman maskMBs´ 30 eyaCn_ kñúgtavtþigßeTvelak mannageTBGbßrCabrivar 1000 . cMENk RBahμN_eRbImnusß[dutsaksBkUnena¼ehIy TIdutena¼ .

yMedIreTAkan´

eTvbuRtnwgrmilemIlnUvGtþPaBkMBs´ 3 Kavut

EdlRbdab´edayeRKÓgGlg;arTm¶n´ 60 reT¼ mannageTBGbßr Cabrivar 1000 Kitfa ²sirIsm,tþien¼eyIgánedaykmμGVIhñ+ ³ ? dUecñ¼ehIy

k¾ándwgfa

ánedaycitþRC¼føacMeBa¼RB¼tfaKt

Kitfa ²bitaminGeBa¢IjeBTümkpßMfñaM[dl´eyIg eRBa¼xøacERkg RTBünwgGs´eTA }LÚven¼ eTAkan´á¨qaERskyM/ eyIgnwgeFVIKat´ [dl´Rbkard¾Ebøk³ dUecñ¼ehIy edaykarfñaMgfñak´cMeBa¼bita k¾ nimμitxøÜndUcmdækuNÐlImaNB á¨qa

.

eBlena¼

mkeFVIdUcCaERskyMkñúgTICit

RBahμN_nwgsYrmaNBena¼fa

²ÉgCa

nrNa³ k¾Ráb´fa ¹CamdækuNÐlImaNB buRtrbs´elak .


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-59-

RBahμN_¿ ÉgeTAekItkñúgPBNa ? eTvbuRt¿

kñúgPBtavtþigß .

kalRBahμN_sYrfa ²eRBa¼eFVIkmμGVI ³ ? eKnwgRáb´fa eK júaMgcitþ[RC¼føakñúgRB¼tfaKt . RBahμN_nwgsYrtfaKtfa kar júaMgcitþ[RC¼føakñúgRB¼Gg: ( bu¨eNÑa¼ ) ehIy eTAekItkñúgeTvelakmanEdr¦³ ? eBlena¼ tfaKtnwgeqøIyRáb´RBahμN_fa ²minmannrNaGacnwgkMNt´edaykarrab´ánfa

manRbmaN

b¨ueNѼry ¦bu¨eNѼBan´ ¦k¾bu¨eNѼEsneLIy³ dUecñ¼ehIy nwg sEmþgKafakñúgFmμbT . kñúgkalcb´Kafa karRtas´dwgFm’’nwg mandl´stV 84000 mdækuNÐlIeTvbuRtnwgánCaesatabnñ/ sUm,IGTinñbuBVkRBahμN_k¾dUcKñaEdr . GaRs&ykulbuRten¼ kar bUCaFm’’CaeRcInnwgmanedayRbkardUecñ¼/

kñúgéf¶EsðkeLIgRTg´

bdibtþi ( CRm¼ ) RB¼srIr£eRscehIy

EdlmanPikçúsgÇmYy

BYkFMEhhm esþccUleTAkan´RkúgsavtSIedIm,IbiNÐát esþc


-60-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

yagdl´TVarpÞ¼rbs´RBahμN_edaylMdab´ .

mdækuNÐlIjúaMgcitþ[RC¼føakñúgRB¼BuT§Cam©as´ RKaena¼ mdækuNÐlImaNB kMBugedkEbrmuxeTAxagkñúg pÞ¼ . RB¼sasþaRTg´RCabfa mdækuNÐlImineXIjRB¼Gg:/ eTIb ánpßayRB¼rsμIeTAmYyBüam . maNBKitfa ²BnøWen¼CaBnWøGVI³ ? eTIbERbRtLb´mk

eXIjRB¼sasþaehIy

Rs&ybitaEdlCamnusßGn§Bal

Kitfa

²eyIgGa-

eTIbmináncUleTAKal´RB¼

BuT§Cam©as´Ebben¼ edIm,IeFVIesckIþxVl´xVayedaykay ¦fVay Tan ¦sþab´Fm’’/ }LÚven¼sUm,IEtédTaMgBIrxagrbs´eyIgk¾elIk minrYc . kic©EdlGjKYreFVIy¨agdéTminman³ dUecñ¼ehIy án júaMgcitþbu¨eNÑa¼[RC¼føa .

eRBa¼citþRC¼føaeFVIkalkiriyaeTAekItkñúgeTvelak RB¼sasþaRTg´RB¼tRmi¼fa ²karEdlmaNBen¼ júaMgcitþ [RC¼føacMeBa¼tfaKtmanRbmaNbu¨eNѼlμmehIy³ k¾esþcRTg´


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-61-

ecosecjeTA kalRB¼tfaKtl¼bg´nUvKnøgckçúbu¨eNÑa¼/ maNBena¼mancitþRC¼føaeFVIkalkiriyaehIy hak´dUcCalk´ehIy RtLb´PJak´eLIg eTAekItkñúgvimanmaskMBs´RbmaN 30 eyaCn_ kñúgeTvelak .

RBahμN_xßwkxßÜldl´buRt cMENkRBahμN_eRbI[eKdutsaksBkUnena¼ehIy Kit EtBIxßwkxßÜldl´buRt Kat´eTAkan´á¨qaral´@éf¶ yMpg erobrab´ pgfa ²kUnsmøaj´rbs´BukenATINa ? kUnsmøaj´rbs´BukenA TINa ³ ?

eTvbuRtnimμitkayeTArkRBahμN_ eTvbuRtena¼

RkeLkemIlsm,tþirbs´xøÜnehIy

Kitfa

²sm,tþien¼etIeyIgánedaykmμGVI ³ ? kalBicarNaeTAk¾dwg fa ²ánedaycitþEdlRC¼føakñúgRB¼sasþa dUecñ¼ehIy eTIbKit teTAfa ²RBahμN_en¼kñúgkalEdleyIgminsb,ay ( manCm¶W )


-62-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

minánGeBa¢IjeBTümkBüaáleT/ }LÚven¼ eTAkan´á¨qaERsk yM/ eyIgKYrEteFVIKat´[dl´nUvRbkard¾Ebøk³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾nimμit xøÜndUcmdækuNÐlImaNB Qr{bédyMkñúgTIminq¶ayGMBIá¨qa .

eTvbuRtnigRBahμN_áneqøIyqøgKña RBahμN_eXIjGakarena¼ehIy k¾Kitfa ²eyIgyMeRBa¼ esaksþayGaela¼Gal&ybuRt/ k¾maNBena¼yMRtÚvkarGVIEdr ? eyIgnwgsYreKemIl_ ³ dUecñ¼ehIy kalnwgsYr áneBalKafa en¼fa ½ ²GñkRbdab´tubEtgehIy dUcmdækuNÐlI manPar£ KW kRmgp;amanxøÜnd¾x<s´eLIg

edaykareRá¼RBMeday

xøwmcnÞn_manBN’’Rkhm/ Qr{bédTaMgBIrknÞk´kenÞj enAkNþaléRB etIekItTukçerOgGVI ³ ? maNBeqøIyfa ½ ²ragénrfeFVIedaymasd¾PWøepøk ( CaEdnpßayecjén


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-63-

rsμI ) ekIteLIgehIydl´¹/ ¹minánnUvKUénkg´edIm,I ragénrfena¼ ¹nwgminmanCIvit eRBa¼esckIþTukçena¼ ³ . RKaena¼RBahμN_ánniyaynwgmaNBena¼fa ½ ²mñalmaNBd¾ceRmIn KUénkg´ena¼ eTa¼bIseRmceday maskIþ seRmcedayEkvmNIkIþ seRmcedayelah£ kIþ seRmcedayRák´kIþ GñkcUrRáb´¹mkcu¼/ ¹nwgjúaMg Gñk[ánKUénkg´ena¼ ³ . maNBánsþab´nUvBaküena¼ehIy Kitfa ½ ²RBahμN_en¼mineFVIfñaM[dl´buRtehIy lu¼mkeXIj eyIgmanrUbragdUcbuRtrbs´xøÜnkMBugyM

k¾niyayfa

eyIgnwgeFVIkg´énrf EdlseRmcedaymasCaedIm[ eNHIycu¼ eyIgnwgp©aj´p©alKat´³ dUecñ¼ehIy eTIb eBalfa ²elaknwgeFVIKUénkg´[dl´¹FMbu¨NÑa ? ³ kal RBahμN_ena¼eBalfa

etIGñkRtÚvkarTMhMbu¨nμaneTA³


-64-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

eTIbRáb´fa ½ ²¹RtÚvkarRB¼c&nÞ nigRB¼GaTitüTaMgBIrdYg elakEdl ¹sUmehIy

emtþa[nUvRB¼GaTitü nigRB¼c&nÞTaMgBIr

ena¼dl´¹cu¼³ . maNBena¼eBalteTAeTotfa ½ ²RB¼c&nÞ nigRB¼GaTitürugerOgkñúgvifITaMgBIr rfrbs´¹ seRmcehIyedaymas rEmglðsmnwgKUénkg´ena¼³ . lMdab´ena¼RBahμN_niyaynwgmaNBfa ½ ²mñalmaNB GñkRáfñarbs´EdlminKYrRáfña Ca mnusßl¶g´exøAeBkehIy ¹yl´fa GñkRáfñarhUt dl´søab´k¾nwgminánRB¼c&nÞ

nigRB¼GaTitüTaMgBIr

ena¼eLIy³ . xN£ena¼ ²k¾buK:lGñkyM

maNBk¾ánniyayeTAkan´RBahμN_ena¼fa RtÚvkarvtSúEdlRákdCamnusßl¶g´exøA

¦fa


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-65-

buK:lGñkyM RtÚvkarvtSúEdlminRákdCamnusßl¶g´exøA ³ ? dUecñ¼ ehIy eTIbeBalKafafa ½ ²sUm,IkareTA nigkarmkrbs´RB¼c&nÞ nigRB¼GaTitük¾ Rákd

vNÑFatuKWrsμIénRB¼c&nÞ nigRB¼GaTitük¾Rá-

kdenAkñúgvifITaMgBIr ( cMENk ) CnEdleFVIkalkiriya eTAehIy

nrNak¾mineXIj/ bNþaeyIgTaMgBIrEdl

CaGñknÞk´kenÞjenAkñúgTIen¼ etInrNaCamnusßl¶g´ exøACagnrNa ³ ?

RBahμN_yl´RBmcu¼caj´ehIysresIreTvbuRt RBahμN_sþab´Baküena¼ehIy

Kitkñúgfa

²maNBen¼

niyayRtÚv³ eTIbeBalKafafa ½ ²mñalmaNBd¾ceRmIn GñkniyayBaküen¼

RtwmRtÚv

ehIy bNþaeyIgTaMgBIrEdlCaGñkknÞk´kenÞj ( enA kñúgTIen¼ ¹Camnusßl¶g´exøACag

¹cg´ánbuRtEdl


-66-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

eFVIkalkiriyaeTAehIymkvij dUcTarkyMcg´ánRB¼c&nÞ³. dUecñ¼ehIy

CaGñkGs´esckIþesakeRBa¼Bakürbs´ma-

NBena¼/ kalnwgsresIrmaNBáneBalKafaTaMgen¼fa ½ ²GñkmkeRsacrMlt´nUv¹ EdlCaGñkRtÚvePIøgKWesckIþ esakduteralralehIy dUcbuK:lrMlt´ePIøgEdleq¼ qñaMgeRbgedayTwk/

¹rEmgjúaMgesckIþRkvl´Rkvay

TaMgBYg[rlt´án

elakbenÞabg´esckIþesakdl´

butþrbs´¹¡EdlesckIþesakRKbsg;t´ehIy kUnsr

ándk

KWesckIþesakEdlcak´edath¬T&yrbs´¹

ecján ¹ena¼CaGñkmankUnsr Edlelakdkecj ehIy CaGñkRtCak´s¶b´rm¶ab´ehIy/ mñalmaNB ¹minesakesA minyMeRBa¼ánsþab´Bakürbs´Gñk³ .

RBahμN_saksYreTvbuRt RKaena¼ RBahμN_kalnwgsYreTvbuRtfa ²GñkeQμa¼GVI ?³


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-67-

eTIbeBalKafafa ½ ²mñalGñkd¾ceRmIn GñkCaeTvta ¦k¾CaKn§B ¦faCa burinÞTsk;eTvraC/ GñkeQμa¼GVI ? CabuRtrbs´Gñk Na ? eFVIdUcemþceTA eTIb¹áns:al´Gñk³ ? RKaena¼ maNBRáb´RBahμN_ena¼fa ½ ²GñkdutbuRtNa

kñúgéRBsμsanxøÜnÉg

ehIyrEmg

knÞk´kenÞj nigyMrkbuRtNa buRtena¼KW¹ eFVIkuslkmμehIydl´nUvPaBCasmøaj´rbs´eTvtaCan´tavtþigß . RBahμN_áneBalfa ½ ²kalGñk[Tantic

¦eRcInkñúgpÞ¼rbs´xøÜn

¦rkßa

«eásfkmμ ¦k¾eFVInUvGMeBIEdlCakuslÉNanImYy ena¼

¹minEdleXIjeLIy/

áneRBa¼kmμGVI ³ ? maNBáneBalfa ½

GñkeTAkan´eTvelak


-68-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

²¹maneraKQWlMák mankayrsab´rsl´ enAkñúgpÞ¼ rbs´xøÜn/ ¹áneXIjRB¼BuT§EdlCaGñkRásFUlI KWkiels/ RB¼Gg:qøgputesckIþsgß&yehIy esþcyag eTAedaylð manRB¼RáCJaminefakfy/ ¹ena¼CaGñkman citþrIkrayehIy

mancitþRC¼føaehIy

ánfVaynUv

GBa¢lIcMeBa¼RB¼tfaKt . ¹áneFVIkuslkmμena¼ehIy

eRkayGMBIcuti k¾ánCa

smøaj´rbs´BYkeTvtaCan´tavtþigß³ .

RBahμN_dl´RB¼BuT§CasrN£ kalmaNBena¼ kMBugniyayerobrab´ena¼Ég srIr£TaMg Gs´rbs´RBahμN_k¾eBareBjedaybIti . RBahμN_ena¼ kal nwgRbkasbItiena¼ eTIbeBalfa ½ ²KYrGs©arüNas´hñ+ KYr[cEmøkNas´hñ+

viákénkar

eFVInUvGBa¢lIkmμen¼ RbRBwtþeTAándUecñ¼ sUm,I¹mancitþ


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-69-

rIkrayehIy mancitþRC¼føaehIy dl´RB¼BuT§CasrN£ kñúgéf¶en¼Ég ³ .

eTvbuRt[{vaTRBahμN_ehIyk¾át´xøÜneTA RKaena¼ maNBáneBalnwgRBahμN_fa ½ ²elakcUrCaGñkmancitþRC¼føaehIy dl´RB¼BuT§ RB¼Fm’’ nigRB¼sgÇ

CasrN£taMgBIéf¶en¼eTAcu¼

elakcUrCa

GñkmancitþRC¼føay¨agena¼ ehIysmaTansikçabT 5 kuM [dac´Føú¼Føay/

cUrRbjab´evorcakáNatát

( kar

smøab´stV )

cUrevorcakrbs´Edlm©as´eKminTan´[

kñúgelak/ cUrkuMpwkTwkRsvwg/ cUrkuMniyaykuhk/ nigcUr CaGñkeBjcitþcMeBa¼EtPriyarbs´xøÜncu¼ ³ . RBahμN_TTYlfa ²lðehIy ³ ánPasitKafaTaMgen¼fa ½ ²mñalykß

GñkCaGñkRáfñaRbeyaCn_dl´¹/

mñal

eTvtaGñkCaGñkRáfñanUvvtSúEdlCa«bkar£dl´¹/ ¹nwg


-70-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

eFVI ( tam ) Bakürbs´Gñk/ GñkCaGacarürbs´¹/ ¹ sUmdl´RB¼BuT§CasrN£pg/ ¹sUmdl´RB¼Fm’’Edl minmanvtSúdéTéRkElgCag

CasrN£pg/

¹sUm

dl´RB¼sgÇrbs´RB¼BuT§ EdlCamnusßlðBiess BiessdUceTvtafaCasrN£pg/ ¹m©as´nwgRbjab´ evorcakáNatiát/ evorcakkarkan´ykRTBüsm,tþi Edlm©as´eKminTan´[kñúgelak/ minpwkTwkRsvwg/ min niyaykuhk/ nigCaGñkeBjcitþcMeBa¼Priyarbs´xøÜn³ . xN£ena¼ eTvbuRteBalnwgRBahμN_fa ²mñalRBahμN_ RTBükñúgpÞ¼rbs´elakmaneRcIn/

sUmelakcUleTAKal´RB¼-

sasþa ehIyfVayTan cUrsþab´Fm’’ cUrsYrbBaHa³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾át´GMBITIena¼eTA .

RBahμN_fVayTancMeBa¼RB¼BuT§ cMENkRBahμN_

eTApÞ¼ehIy

ehAnagRBahμNImk


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

-71-

niyayfa ²mñalnagd¾ceRmIn ¹nwgnimnþRB¼smNeKatm ehIy TUlsYrbBaHa/ nagcUreRtómeRKÓgsk;ar£cu¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy eTAkan´ vihar

minfVaybg:MRB¼sasþa mineFVIbdisNæar£ QrenAkñúgTI

d¾smKYrmYy ehIyRkabTUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼eKatmd¾ceRmIn sUm RB¼Gg:RBmTaMgRB¼PikçúsgÇ

emtþaRTg´GnueRKa¼TTYlPtþrbs´¹

RB¼Gg:edIm,Iesaykñúgéf¶en¼³ . RB¼sasþaRTg´TTYledaytuNHIPaB . RBahμN_ándwg fa RB¼sasþaRTg´TTYlehIy eTIbmkkan´pÞ¼edayrh&s eRbI mnusß[cat´EcgxaTnIyePaCnIyahar

edIm,IfVaycMeBa¼RB¼-

sasþa . RB¼sasþa EdlBYkPikçúsgÇEhhmehIy esþcyag eTAkan´pÞ¼RBahμN_ena¼ RTg´Kg´elIGasn£EdleKRkalTuk . RBahμN_Gg:asRB¼sasþaRBmTaMgPikús ç gÇedayeKarB . mha CnRbCuMKña . án|fa

kalRB¼tfaKtEdlRBahμN_micäaTidæi

nimnþehIy BYkCnBIrBYkEtgmkRbCuMKña KWBYkCnEdlCamicäaTidæi


-72-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

RbCuMKñaedaytaMgcitþfa ²éf¶en¼BYkeyIgnwgrg´caMemIlRB¼smN eKatm EdlRtÚvRBahμN_ebotebonedaykarsYrbBaHa³ BYkCn EdlCasmμaTidæiRbCuMKñaedaytaMgcitþfa ²éf¶en¼BYkeyIgnwgrg´caM emIlBuT§vis&y BuT§lIla³ . RKaena¼

RBahμN_cUleTAKal´RB¼tfaKt

EdlRTg´eFVI

Ptþkic©eRscehIy Gg:úyelIGasn£Tab ánTUlsYrbBaHafa ²bBiRtRB¼eKatmd¾ceRmIn manEdr¦eTcMeBa¼BYkCnEdlminán fVayTancMeBa¼RB¼Gg: minánbUCaRB¼Gg: minánsþab´Fm’’ min ánrkßa«eásfesa¼ áneTAekItkñúgzansYK’edayRtwmEtcitþ RC¼føaEtmü¨agbu¨eNÑa¼ ³ ? s¿ mñalRBahμN_ ehtudUcemþc eTIbGñkmksYrtfaKt karEdlbuK:ljúaMgcitþ[RC¼føakñúgtfaKtehIy ekItkñúgzansYK’ EdlmdækuNÐlICabuRtrbs´GñkánRáb´GñkehIy minEmn¦ ? B¿ bBiRtRB¼eKatmd¾ceRmIn kalNa ?


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

s¿ éf¶EdlGñkxßwkxßÜleTAkan´éRBsμsan

-73-

GñkeXIjmaNB

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

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Ebben¼ kalnwgniyay rEmgniyayEtsucrit 4 y¨ag kal nwgeFVI rEmgeFVIEtsucirt 3 y¨ag kalminniyay kalmineFVI rEmgeFVIEtmenasucrit 3 y¨ag [eBjbribUN’ eRBa¼karEdl xøÜnCaGñkmancitþRC¼føapUrpg´ehIyedayKuNTaMgLay GnPiCÄaCaedImena¼

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgmdækuNÐlI

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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s¿ etIGñkÉgánsYredayeGIeBI dl´karTTYlbrikçarrbs´ PikçúTaMgena¼Edr¦eT ? t¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ¹RB¼Gg:minánsYredayeGIeBIeT . s¿ GñkánsYredayeGIeBI dl´FmμTMenom ¦Twkqan´Edr¦eT ? t¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ¹RB¼Gg:minánsYredayeGIeBIeT . s¿

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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TTwgRtg´kNþalTVar . narTtabskalecjeTAkñúgraRtI án Can´Rtg´Cdarbs´eTviltabs . kalelakeBalfa nrNa Can´eyIg ³ ? narTtabseBalfa ²bBiRtelakGacarü ¹ ³ . T¿ En Cdilekag ehtudUcemþc eTIbelakCan´Cdarbs´ eyIg . n¿ bBiRtelakGacarü ¹mindwgfa elakGacarüedkTI en¼ sUmelakGacarüGt´eTas[¹pg . kalelakkMBugrGU‘ rTaMena¼Ég narTtabsk¾ánecjeTAxageRkA eTviltabseRkA en¼Kitfa

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Gacr\kCatián

80 kb, KWkñúgGtItkal 40 kb,/ kñúgGnaKtkal 40 kb, . eRBa¼ehtuena¼ elakKitdUecñ¼fa ²etIbnþasanwgFøak´eTAelInrNa hñ+ ³ ? kalBicarNaeTAk¾dwgfa nwgFøak´eTAelIelakGacarü/ GaRs&yesckIþkruNacMeBa¼elakGacarü r¼eLIgedaykmøaMg¬T§i ³ .

eTIbhamGruNkuM[


RbCaCnekþARkhayrhUtdl´RB¼raCa GñknKr

kalGruNminr¼eLIg

k¾naMKñaeTAkan´TVarRB¼raC

vaMg ehIyRkabTUlRB¼raCafa ²bBiRtRB¼smμtieTB kalRB¼ Gg:RKb´RKgraCsm,tþi/ GruNminr¼eLIg sUmRB¼Gg: RTg´emtþa júaMgGruNr¼[eLIg edIm,I¹RB¼Gg:TaMgLaycu¼³ . RB¼raCaRTg´BicarNanUvcriyanuvtþi

mankaykmμCaedIm

rbs´RB¼Gg: mineXIjnUvkmμEdlminsmKYrtictYcNa@ eLIy eTIbRTg´RB¼tRmi¼dUecñ¼fa

²etI manehtuGVIhñ+ ³

RTg´reg:ósfa

²RákdCaBYkbBVCitvivaTKñaehIy ³ dUecñ¼ehIy eTIbRtas´sYrfa ²BYkbBVCit kñúgRB¼nKren¼manxø¼Edr¦eT³ ? kalmanGñkRkab TUlfa bBiRtmharaC ²kalBIl¶acmßil manBYkbBVCitmkkan´ eragrbs´sμÚnqñaMg³

RB¼raCamanraCburskan´Kb´ePIøg

kan´TIena¼kñúgxN£ena¼Ég

esþceTA

RTg´fVaybg:MRB¼narTtabsehIy

RTg´Rbfab´enAkñúgTId¾smKYr ehIyRtas´sYrfa ½ ²bBiRtRB¼narTtabs kargarTaMgLayénGñkCm<ÚTVIb


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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rEmgRbRBwtþeTAminán/ elakekItggwtehIy eRBa¼ ehtuGVI ? elakEdl¹sYrehIy

cUrRáb´nUvehtuena¼

dl´¹³ . narTtabs dMNalerOgTaMgGs´fVayRB¼raCaehIy eBal eTAkan´RB¼raCafa ²fVayRB¼BrmharaC GatμaPaB RtÚvtabs rUben¼pþasaehIyedayehtuen¼ kalebIdUecñ¼ eTIbánpþasafa ²eTasrbs´¹minman/ BaküpþasacUrmandl´buK:lena¼cu¼³ lu¼ pþasaehIy eTIbKitfa ²etIeTasénkarpþasaen¼nwgmandl´Gñk Nahñ+ ³ ? kalBicarNaeTAk¾eXIjfa ²kalRB¼GaTitür¼eLIg k,alrbs´GacarünwgEbkCa 7 cMENk dUecñ¼ehIy GaRs&y esckIþGnueRKa¼cMeBa¼elak

eTIbGatμaPaBTb´GruNmin[r¼

eLIg . RB¼raCaRtas´sYrfa bBiRtelakd¾ceRmIn etIeFVIy¨agNa eTA edIm,I[elakrYcputGMBIGnþrayEbben¼

.


-94-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼tisßetSr

n¿ RbsinebIelaksUmeTasGatμaPaB elaknwgrYcput GMBIGnþray . r¿ ebIdUecña¼ elakcUrsUmeTascu¼ . T¿ Cdilena¼Can´GatμaPaBRtg´Cda nigRtg´k GatμaPaB minRBmsUmeTasCdilekagen¼eT . r¿

bBiRtelakd¾ceRmIn

sUmelakcUrsUmeTasnarT-

tabscu¼ elakkuMeFVIy¨agen¼eLIy . eTviltabseBalfa ²GatμaPaB

minRBmsUmeTaseT³

sUm,IRB¼raCaRtas´fa ²ebIelakminsUmeTasnarTtabseT k,al rbs´elaknwgEbkCa 7 cMerok³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾enAEtminRBm sUmeTaseTot . xN£ena¼ RB¼raCaRtas´nwgelakfa ²elakminRBmsUm eTastamkareBjcitþrbs´xøÜn¦³ ? dUecñ¼ehIy eTIbbBa¢a[raC burscab´eTviltabsena¼Rtg´éd/ Rtg´eCIg/ Rtg´eBa¼/ Rtg´k[


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-95-

{ncu¼eTobáTmUl rbs´narTtabs . narTtabseBalfa ²bBiRtGacarü

GeBa¢IjeRkakeLIg

cu¼ ¹RBmGt´eTas[dl´elakehIy³ dUecñ¼ehIy eBaleTA kan´RB¼raCafa ²fVayRB¼BrmharaC tabsrUben¼ minánsUm eTasGatμaPaBtamkareBjcitþeT/ en¼

manRs¼enAminq¶ayGMBITI

sUmmharaCbBa¢a[elakQrTUlduMdIsðit

RtaMTwkenAkñúg

Rs¼ena¼Rtwmkcu¼ . RB¼raCak¾bBa¢a[eFVIy¨agena¼ . narTtabs ehAeTviltabsmkehIy eBalfa ²bBiRtelakGacarü kal Na¹RBElg¬T§i ehIyBnøWRB¼GaTitütaMgeLIg/ elakKb,ImuC cu¼kñúgTwk

ehIyeTAegIbeLIgTIdéTcu¼³

eTviltabsena¼

duMdIsðitelIk,alrbs´

lu¼rsμIénRB¼GaTitüBal´RtÚvehIyk¾EbkCa

7 cMerok/ eTviltabsena¼k¾muCcu¼eTAkan´TIdéT .


eBormins¶b´edaykarcgeBor RB¼sasþa

lu¼RTg´naMRB¼FmμeTsnaen¼mkehIy

án

RTg´Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay RB¼raCakñúgkalena¼ ánmk CaGannÞkñúgkal }LÚven¼/ eTviltabsánmkCatisߣ/ narTtabsánmkCaeyIgtfaKten¼Ég/ sUm,Ikñúgkalena¼ tisߣ en¼k¾CaGñkEdleKTUnμanánedaykRmy¨agen¼Edr³ dUecñ¼ehIy bBa¢a[ehAtisßetSrmkehIy Rtas´fa ²mñaltisߣ ebIPikçúNa Kitfa eyIgRtÚvGñkÉeNa¼eCr RtÚvGñkÉeNa¼Rbhar RtÚvGñkÉ eNa¼Qñ¼/ GñkÉeNa¼ánlYcRTBürbs´eyIgeTAehIy/ eBorrbs´Pikçúena¼mins¶b´eLIy/ y¨agena¼Tuk

EtkalPikçúmincUleTAcgeBor

eBorrEmgs¶b´eTAán/

dUecñ¼ehIy

ánRTg´

PasitRB¼KafaTaMgen¼fa ½

3

dUecñ¼

Gekacäi mM GvFi mM

GCini mM Ghasi em

ey c tM «bnyHnþi

evrM etsM n smμti

Gekacäi mM GvFi mM

GCini mM Ghasi em


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

ey c tM nUbnyHnþi

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evrM etsUbsmμti .

ebIGñkNacUleTAcgesckIþeRkaFena¼Tukfa GñkÉeNa¼ áneCrGj GñkÉeNa¼ánRbharGj GñkÉeNa¼án p©aj´Gj

GñkÉeNa¼ánlYcykRTBürbs´GjeTA

ehIy ( dUecñ¼ ) eBorrbs´Gñkena¼ minrm¶ab´eLIy . GñkÉeNa¼áneCrGj GñkÉeNa¼ánRbharGj GñkÉ eNa¼ánp©aj´Gj

GñkÉeNa¼ánlYcykRTBürbs´

GjeTAehIy ebIGñkNamincUleTAcgesckIþeRkaFEbb ena¼Tuk ( dUecñ¼ ) eBorrbs´Gñkena¼ eTIbs¶b´án .

GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa Gekacäi KWeCrehIy . bTfa

GvFi KWRbharehIy . bTfa GCini KWánQñ¼eyIgedaykar GagsakßIekagxø¼

edaykareBalRbEkkxø¼

éRkElgCagkareFVIxø¼ .

edaykareFVI[


-98-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼tisßetSr

bTfa Ghasi KWGñkÉeNa¼ánlYcykRTBüTaMgLay mansMBt´CaedIm . BIrbTfa ey c tM CaedIm esckIþfa CnBYkNamYy KWeTvta ¦mnusß RKhsS ¦bBVCit cUleTAcgesckIþeRkaF fa ²GñkÉeNa¼áneCreyIg³ dUcBYkGñkbrreT¼ edayemkMRBa

nigdUcBYkGñkRbmaj´cgvtSú

cgnwménreT¼

manRtIsðúyCaedIm

edayvtSúTaMgLay mans,ÚvPøaMgCaedImerOy@ . eBorrbs´Cn TaMgena¼ekIteLIgehIy

rEmgmins¶b´

KWfarEmgmins¶b´rm¶ab´

eLIy . áTénRB¼Kafafa ey c tM nUbnyHnþi esckIþfa Cn TaMgLayNamincUleTAcgesckIþeRkaFEbbena¼Tuk KWmanBakü eCrCaedIm ¦edaykarminr\kdl´ nigkarmineFVITukkñúgcitþxø¼ ¦ edayGMNackarBicarNaeXIjkmμy¨agen¼fa ²GñkNamYyEdl faCaGñkminmaneTas sUm,Ielakk¾Føab´eCreK RbhareK Føab´


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-99-

GagsakßIekagQñ¼eK Føab´lYcykRBTürbs´GñkdéTEdr eRBa¼ dUecña¼ eBlen¼sUm,IelakminmankMhus ehIyánTTYlpl EdlminKYrRáfña manBaküeCrCaedIm vasmKYrnwgkmμEdlGñk áneFVIehIy³ dUecñ¼xø¼/ eBorrbs´CnTaMgena¼ edayesckIþRbmaT

sUm,IekItehIy

rEmgs¶b´eTAánedaykarmincgnUvesckþI

eRkaFTuk dUcePIøgéRBmanrMkac´Gs´ehIy

dUecña¼ .

kñúgkalcb´eTsna PikçúmYyEsn ánseRmcGriypl TaMgLay

manesatabtþiplCaedIm . RB¼FmμeTsnaánCa

kfamanRbeyaCn_dl´mhaCny¨ageRcIn . RB¼tisßetSr Edl CamnusßRbedARkena¼ k¾køayeTACamnusßRbedAgay >€

( erOgRB¼tisߣ cb´ )

ros


4 erOgkarekIteLIgénnagykçinI

esckIþxagedIm RB¼sasþa

kalKg´enAkñúgvtþeCtBn

RTg´RárB§®sþI

Garmñak´ Rtas´RB¼FmμeTsnaen¼fa ² n hi evern evrani ³ CaedIm .

matarkPriya[buRt án|mkfa buRtkudum<Ik_mñak´ kalbitaeFVImrNkaleTA ehIy

eFVInUvkic©kargarTaMgBYg

TaMgkargarERs TaMgkargarpÞ¼

edayxøÜnÉg ehIybdibtþimataedayeKarB . éf¶mYy ®sþIEdl CamataánRáb´butþena¼fa ²En+kUn Em¨ nwgnaMnagkumarikamk[ ÉgehIyN+a³ . bu¿ Em¨ kuMniyayy¨agen¼eLIy/ ¹nwgRbNibtþn_Em¨rhUt Gs´mYyCIvit . m¿ éh á kUnÉgEtmñak´eFVInUvkargarERspg kic©kargar


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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

pÞ¼pg/ eRBa¼ehtuena¼ Em¨minsb,aycitþeLIy/ Em¨nwgnaMnag kumarikamk[Ég . butþena¼ánham ( mata ) Gs´eRcIndg bu¨Enþ®sþIEdlCa mþayena¼minyl´RBmk¾enAes¶óm mataena¼ecjGMBIpÞ¼ eTAkan´ RtkUlmYy . RKaena¼ buRtsYrmatafa ²Em¨eTAkan´RtkUlNa³ ? kal mataRáb´fa ²nwgeTAkan´RtkUleQμa¼ÉeNa¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾ hammin[eTAkan´RtkUlena¼ EdlxøÜneBjcitþ

.

ehIyRáb´mata[eTAkan´RtkUl

mataáneTAkan´RtkUlena¼

dNwþgnag

kumarikakñúgRtkUlena¼ehIy kMNt´éf¶ ( Gavah_vivah_ ) naMnag kumarikaena¼mkkan´pÞ¼rbs´xøÜn . nagkumarikaena¼ Ca®sþIman BUC RtÚvkmμsmøab´ehIy KWCa®sþIGar . RKaena¼ ®sþIEdlCamataánniyayeTAkan´butþfa ²éhá kUnÉg[Em¨ naMnagkumarikamktamkareBjcitþrbs´kUnÉgehIy


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgkarekIténnagykçinI

-102-

}LÚven¼ nagkumarikaena¼Ca®sIGar/ k¾FmμtaRtkUlEdlminman buRt rEmgdac´sUnü RbéBNIrEmgminCab´teTA eRBa¼ehtuena¼ Em¨nwgnaMnagkumarikadéTmk hamfa

( [kUnÉg )³

²kuMeLIyEm¨³ dUecñ¼ehIy

buRtena¼k¾eBal

k¾áneBal ( y¨agena¼ )

erOy@ . ®sþIGarán|Baküena¼ k¾Kitfa ²FmμtabuRtrEmgmin GachamXat´Bakümatabitaán/

}LÚven¼mþayekμkrbs´Gj

KitnaM®sþIdéT EdlminEmnCa®sþIGarmkehIy nwgeRbIeyIgdUc CaTasI/ ebIdUecña¼ eyIgKYrEtnaMnagkumarikamñak´mkedayxøÜnÉg³ dUecñ¼ehIy eTIbeTAkan´RtkUlmYy suMnagkumarikamkedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl´bursCasVamIrbs´xøÜn/ RtÚvBYkCnkñúgRtkUlena¼ham fa nagkuMniyaydUecña¼eLIy³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾GgVrfa ¹CaRsIGar RtkUlEdlminmanbuRtrEmgvinas

buRtIrbs´elakánbuRt

ehIynwgánCam©as´énRTBüsm,tþi/

sUmelakemtþaelIkbuRtI

ena¼[dl´sVamIrbs´¹cu¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy júaMgRtkUlena¼[yl´


-103-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

RBmehIy k¾naMmk[eFVIPriyarbs´sVamIxøÜn . eRkaymk RsIGarena¼mankarRti¼ri¼fa ²ebInagmanbuRt ¦buRtIesat nwgánCam©as´énRTBüsm,tþiEtmñak´Ég/ dUecñ¼eyIg KYrEteFVIy¨agNa kuM[nagmanTark³ .

RbBn§edImpßMfñaMTmøayKP’RbBn§cug RKaena¼ RsIGark¾niyaynwgnagena¼fa ²KP’taMgeLIgkñúg épÞrbs´nagkalNa sUmnagRáb´¹kñúgkalena¼³ . nagena¼ TTYlfa ²ca+³ kalKP’taMgeLIgehIy nagk¾ánRáb´dl´®sþI Garena¼ . cMENkRsIGarena¼[bbr nigáydl´nagena¼Ca nic© . xageRkaymk ánykfñaMsRmab´eFVIKP’[Føak´ laynwg Gahar[dl´nagena¼ . KP’k¾Føak´ ( rlUtkUn ) . kalKP’ taMgeLIgelIkTIBIr

nagk¾ánRáb´RsIGarena¼eTot

.

sUm,I

RsIGarena¼k¾áneFVIKP’[Føak´eday«áyy¨agena¼ÉgeTot . RKaena¼ BYk®sþIEdlsñiT§sñalnwgKñaánsYrnagena¼ fa


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgkarekIténnagykçinI

-104-

²®sþIrYmsVamIáneFVInUvesckþIGnþray[dl´nagxøø¼¦eT ? nagk¾ Ráb´erOgena¼dl´®sþITaMgena¼ RtÚv®sþITaMgena¼eBalfa ²®sþIGn§Bal ehtudUcemþc eTIbnageFVIy¨agena¼eTA ? RsIGaren¼ánpßM fñaMsRmab´eFVIKP’[Føak´[dl´nag eRBa¼xøacnagánCaFM eRBa¼ dUecña¼ eTIbKP’rbs´nagFøak´/ nagándwgesckþIena¼ehIy³ kñúg RKaTIbInagminánRáb´ . xageRkaymk RsIGareXIjépÞrbs´ nagena¼ehIyk¾sYrfa ²ehtudUcemþc eTIbnagminRáb´karEdl nagmanKP’dl´¹³ nagena¼eBalfa ²nagnaM¹mkehIy eFVIKP’ [Føak´dl´eTABIrdgehIy ¹nwgRáb´dl´nageFVIGVI ? eTIbKitfa ²}LÚven¼ eyIgvinasehIy³ rg´caMemIlkareFVsRbEhsrbs´ nagkumarikaena¼/ kalKP’cas´eBjeljehIy eTIbán{kas ánpßMfñaM[ehIy KP’minFøak´ eRBa¼cas´Ex eTIbedkTTwg ( TVar ) evTnad¾xøaMgkøaekIteLIg . nagk¾søab´eTA . munnwgsøab´ nagántaMgesckIþRáfñafa eyIgRtÚvnagen¼


-105-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

eFVI[vinasehIy vaánnaMeyIgmk eFVITarkrbs´eyIg[vinas dl´ 3 nak´ehIy }LÚven¼ eyIgk¾vinaseTot eyIgcuticak GtþPaBen¼ehIy

sUm[ánCaykçinIedIm,ITMBasuITarkrbs´va³

dUecñ¼ehIy søab´eTAekItCaqμakñúgpÞ¼ena¼Ég . cMENksVamIcab´ ®sþIGarena¼ehIy eBalfa ²nagÉgáneFVIRtkUlrbs´eyIg[ dac´sUnü³ dUecñ¼ehIy vayedayGvyv£TaMgLaymanduMéd nig Cg:g´CaedIm[manrbYsF¶n´ . ®sþIGarena¼søab´eRBa¼karvayena¼ Ég ehIyánekItCaem man´kñúgpÞ¼ena¼Edr .

pøas´bþÚrRbharKñamñak´mYyCatieday GMNacénkarcgeBor cMeNrkalminyUrbu¨nμan

emman´ánFøak´BgeRcIn@Bg

emqμamksuIBgman´TaMgena¼Gs´ . sUm,IelIkTIBIr elIkTIbI vak¾ suIGs´Edr . kalCitnwggab´emman´ena¼áneFVIesckIþRáfñafa ²vasuIBgrbs´eyIgGs´bIdgehIy

}LÚven¼

vaánsuITaMgxøÜn


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgkarekIténnagykçinI

-106-

eyIgeTot . eRkayGMBIgab´eTA sUm[eyIgánTMBasuIva nig kUnrbs´va³ dUecñ¼ehIy gab´GMBIemman´ena¼ehIy ekItCaemxøa dMbg . cMENkemqμaánmkekItCaemRmwK . kñúgevlaemRmwK ena¼ekItkUn

emxøadMbg

k¾ánmksuIkUnRmwKTaMgLayGs´dl´

bIdg . kalCitnwgsøab´emRmwKáneFVIesckIþRáfñafa ²BYkkUn rbs´eyIgRtÚvemxøadMbgen¼suIGs´dl´bIdgehIy }LÚven¼vasuI TaMgxøÜneyIgpg . eyIgcuticakGtþPaBen¼ehIy Kb,IánsuIva nigkUnrbs´vacu¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy søab´eTAekItCanagykçinI cMENk emxøadMbgcuticakGtþPaBena¼ehIy ánekItCakulFItakñúgRkúg savtSI . nagmanv&yceRmInehIy áneTAkan´RtkUlsVamIkñúg RsúkEk,rTVar ( Rkúg ) kñúgkalxageRkaymk

nagánRbsUt

buRtmñak´ . nagykçinI EkøgxøÜnCa®sþIsmøaj´EdlCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´nagkulFItaena¼mkehIy sYrfa ²®sþICasmøaj´rbs´¹enA TINa³ ? BYkGñkRsúkánRáb´fa ²nagRbsUtbutþenAxagkñúgbnÞb´


-107-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

nagykçinIsþab´Baküena¼ehIy eBalfa ²smøaj´rbs´¹RbsUt butþRbús ¦RsI ? ¹suMemIlekμgena¼bnþic³ eBaldUecñ¼ehIy cUl eTAeFVIGakardUcCaemIl cab´TarksuIehIyk¾ecjeTA . sUm,Ikñúg RKaTIBIrk¾suIeTot . kñúgRKaTIbInagkulFItamanKP’cas´ehIy k¾ ehAsVamImkRáb´fa

²bBiRtnay

nagykçinImñak´suIbuRtrbs´

¹kñúgTIen¼Gs´BIrnak´ehIy/ }LÚven¼ ¹nwgeTAkan´pÞ¼énRtkUl rbs´¹RbsUtbuRt³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾naMKñaeTAkan´pÞ¼énRtkUlRbsUt ( buRtkñúgTIena¼ ) . kñúgkalena¼ ykçinIena¼dl´evnCBa¢ÚnTwk . eRBa¼fa nagykçinITaMgLay RtÚvdgTwkGMBIRs¼eQμa¼Genattþ TUlelIk,aledIrmkedIm,Iesþcevsßv&Ntamevn edayknøgeTA 4 Exxø¼ 5 Exøxø¼eTIbput ( GMBIevn ) . nagykçinIdéTmankarlMák ehIydl´karGs´CIvitxø¼k¾man . cMENknagykçinIena¼ lu¼put GMBIevnCBa¢ÚnTwkehIy k¾Rbjab´eTAkan´pÞ¼ena¼ sYrfa ²®sþIEdl Casmøaj´rbs´¹enATINa³ ? BYkGñkRsúkRáb´fa ²nagnwgCYb


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgkarekIténnagykçinI

-108-

®sþIena¼GMBITINaán ? nagykçinImñak´suITarkrbs´nagEdlRbsUtkñúgTIen¼/

eRBa¼dUecña¼

ykçinIena¼Kitfa

eTIbnageTAkan´pÞ¼énRtkUl³

²nageTAkan´TINa@ k¾eday

nag

k¾minrYcputGMBI

eyIgánEdr³ dUecñ¼ehIy edaykmøaMgéneBoreFVI[nagrt´semþA eTAkan´RkúgedayesckþIBüayam . cMENknagkulFIta kñúgéf¶ Edldak´eQμa¼[Tarkena¼ nagk¾ángUtTwk[buRtehIy dak´ eQμa¼[rYcral´ehIy k¾eBalnwgsVamIfa ²bBiRtnay }LÚven¼ eyIgnaMKñaeTAkan´pÞ¼rbs´eyIgvijcu¼³ bIbuRteFVIdMeNIreTACamYy sVamI tampøÚvRbKl´buRt[dl´bursEdlCasVamIehIy cu¼gUt TwkRs¼eákçrNIEk,rvtþ ehIyeLIgmkTTYlykbuRt kalsVamI kMBuggUtTwk QrbMeÁeda¼buRt lu¼RkeLkeXIjnagykçinImk caMán k¾ERskedaysMeLgxøaMg@fa ²bBiRtnay Rbjab´eLIg@ ykçinImkdl´ehIy³ dUecñ¼ehIy minGacQrrg´caMrhUtdl´sVamI ena¼mkán

k¾rt´semþAeTAkan´vihar .


eBorminrm¶ab´edaykarcgeBor eBorEtgrm¶ab´ánedaykarmincgeBor kñúgsm&yena¼ RB¼sasþakMBugEtsEmþgFm’’enAkNþal bris&T

nagkulFItaena¼

rt´eTAdl´ehIy

[buRtedkelIxñg

RB¼áTrbs´RB¼tfaKtehIy RkabTUlfa ²buRten¼ ¹RB¼Gg: fVaycMeBa¼RB¼Gg:ehIy sUmRB¼Gg:RbTanCIvitdl´buRtrbs´¹ RB¼Gg:cu¼

sumneTBEdlGaRs&yd¾B§exøagTVarminRBm[

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dUceBorrbs´Bs´ nigs;ar/ xøaXμúM nigedImBRg Ekðk nigemom/ eRBa¼ehtuGVI eTIbBYknagcgeBorKñaG‘Ícwg ? eRBa¼eBorrm¶ab´án edaykarmincgeBor minEmnrm¶ab´ánedayeBoreT³ dUecñ¼ehIy ánRtas´RB¼Kafaen¼fa ½

4 n hi evern evrani Gevern

c

smμnþi

smμnþIF kuTacnM És Femμa snnþena .

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eBorTaMgLay

Etgs¶b´rm¶ab´edaykarmincgeBor

Fm’’en¼manyUryaNas´mkehIy .

GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa n hi evern CaedIm esckIþfa «bmafa buK:llagnUvTIEdlRbLak´edayrbs´minsðat man Twkmat´ nigsMeárCaedImedayrbs´minsðatTaMgena¼ rEmgmin


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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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manTwkmat´CaedImena¼

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BicarNadUecña¼ . áTRB¼Kafafa És Femμa sunnþena esckIþfa Fm’’en¼ KWkars¶b´rm¶ab´eBoredaykarmincgeBor Carbs´cas´ KWCamaK’a énRB¼BuT§

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ehIy niyayfa ²¹minGacenATIen¼án sUmnagcUr[¹sñak´ enAkñúgTIdéTcu¼³ nagkulFItak¾[sñak´enAkñúgTITaMgen¼ KWkñúgerag GERg Ek,rBagTwk Ek,rc®g;an eRkamsMyabpÞ¼ elIKMnrsRmam Ek,rTVarRsúk/ ( nag ) k¾eBalfa ²kñúgeragGERg GERgrEmg RákddUcCaRbharsirsa¹/ Ek,rBagTwk BYkekμgrEmgcak´Twk Edlsl´eTAEk,rBagTwk/ Ek,rc®g;anen¼hVÚgsunxrEmgmkedk/ eRkamsMyabpÞ¼/ BYkekμgrEmgeFVInUvvtSúminsðat/ Ek,rKMnrsRmam CnTaMgLayrEmgcak´sRmam/

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bbr nigáyCaedImEdl¹[eKnaMeTAGMBIpÞ¼rbs´¹edIm,InagGs´ kalCanic©eT¦ ? vtSúTaMgLaymanbbr nigáyCaedImena¼ KW¹ naMeTAedIm,InagykçinIena¼

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munniyayfa ²minCaGabtþi³ }LÚven¼niyayfaCaGabtþi³ RB¼vin&yFrrUbena¼niyaymusa³ sisßrbs´RB¼Fmμkfikena¼niyay fa ²RB¼«bCÄay_rbs´BYkelakniyaymusa³ . sisßrbs´RB¼ vin&yFr

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Pi¿ mñalGñkd¾manGayuTaMgLay eyIgTaMgLayminTan´ sUm[RTg´Gt´eTas[enAeLIyeT . «¿ ebIdUecña¼ sUmelakm©as´TaMgLay eTAsUmxmaeTas RB¼sasþacu¼ cMENk¹m©as´TaMgLaynwgRbeKnbc©&y 4 dl´ elakm©as´TaMgLaydUcBImuneTot

kñúgkalNaEdlelak

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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-129-

Twkqan´ TwkeRbI Rás´mkdMkl´Tuk/ kalRB¼Gg:RtÚvkarTwkekþA/ k¾cat´EcgTwkekþAfVay

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

nigcIvrena¼mkfVay

ehIyesþccUlkan´RsúkedIm,IbiNÐát .

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XμúMRBmTaMgEmkeQIeTAkan´smñak´RB¼sasþa

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ánkiþcsøwkeck

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1000 Cabrivar .

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mñak´Égbu¨eNÑa¼ . esþcdMrIálielyük£ eXIjRB¼GannÞetSr ena¼ehIy

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eRBa¼Pikçúena¼CaBuT§úb,dæak³ .

dMrIáli-

elyük£ena¼ eá¼kMNat´eQIecal ehIymanbMNgnwgTTYl áRtcIvrrbs´RB¼efr£ bu¨EnþRB¼efr£minán[ . esþcdMrIena¼ ánKitfa ²RbsinebI PikçúrUben¼manvtþEdláneronehIy/ elak Kg´nwgmindak´brikçarrbs´xøÜnelIpÞaMgsila EdlCaTIRbfab´rbs´ RB¼sasþaeLIy³ . RB¼efr£ándak´áRt nigcIvrelIEpndI .

minánsmøaj´EdlmanbBaØaRtac´eTA Etmñak´ÉgRbesIrCag BitNas´ CnGñkdl´RBmehIyedayvtþ rEmgmindak´ brikçarrbs´xøÜnelITIGg:úy ¦elITIedkrbs´RKÜ . esþcdMrIena¼ eXIjGakarena¼ehIy

k¾mancitþRC¼føa

. RB¼efr£GPivaTRB¼


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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

sasþaehIy Gg:úykñúgTId¾smKYrmYy . RB¼sasþaRtas´sYr fa ²mñalGannÞ GñkmkEtmñak´ÉgeT¦³ ? RB¼GannÞRkabTUlRB¼ sasþafa bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ¹RB¼Gg:mkCamYynwgPikçú 500 rUb eBlena¼ RB¼sasþaRtas´sYrRB¼GannÞfa ²PikçúTaMgena¼enA TINa³ ? RB¼efr£RkabTUlfa bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ²¹RB¼Gg: minRCabTwkRB¼T&yrbs´RB¼Gg: eTIb¹RB¼Gg:[PikçúTaMgena¼enA xageRkA ehIycUlmk ( Etmñak´Ég )³ RB¼sasþaRtas´fa ²mñal GannÞ

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kalPikçúTaMgena¼TUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn

RB¼manRB¼PaKCaRB¼BuT§d¾suxum nigCakßRtd¾suxum RB¼Gg:Rbfab´Qr

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lagRB¼P®kþkIþ Rtas´fa

RbEhlCaminmanehIyemIleTA³

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-135-

RB¼sasþa

kic©TaMgBYgrbs´tfaKt

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álielyük£CaGñkeFVI . k¾buK:lGñkánsmøaj´Ebben¼enACa mYyCakarRbesIr/ kalebIminánsmøaj´ ( Ebben¼ ) KYrRtac´ eTAEtmñak´ÉgvijRbesIrCag³ dUecñ¼ehIy ánPasit 3 Kafa kñúgnaKvK:fa ½ ebIbuK:lánsmøaj´ EdlmanRáCJaCaeRKÓgrkßaxøÜn manRáCJacgcaM manKuNFm’’CaeRKÓgjúaMgRbeyaCn_ [seRmc

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eRtkGr mansμartI RKbsg;t´esckIþGnþrayTaMgBYg ehIyRtac´eTACamYynwgsmøaj´ena¼Ég . ebIEsVgrk minánsmøaj´ EdlmanRáCJaCaeRKÓgrkßaxøÜn man RáCJacgcaM

manKuNFm’’CaeRKÓgjúaMgRbeyaCn_[

seRmc CaGñkRtac´eTACamYyeT KYrRtac´eTAEtmñak´


-136-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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rEmgminmankñúg

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dUecña¼GñkcUrTTYláRtcIvr³ dUecñ¼ehIy [RB¼efr£TTYláRt cIvrehIyesþcyagecjeTA . esþcdMrIáneTAQrraMgpøÚv . Pikçú TaMgLayeXIjdUecña¼ TUlsYrRB¼manRB¼PaKfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg: d¾ceRmIn esþcdMrIeFVIGVI³ ? RB¼sasþaRtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay dMrIRáfñanwgfVayPikçadl´GñkTaMgLay/ k¾dMrIen¼ áneFVI«bkar£ cMeBa¼tfaKtGs´raRtIyUr/ smKYreLIy/

karjúaMgcitþdMrIen¼[kkrlðk´min

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nigeckCaedImmkeFVI[CaKMnr/

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án

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

TaMgLayeXIjdUecña¼ TUlsYrRB¼manRB¼PaKfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg: d¾ceRmIn dMrIen¼eFVIGVI ³ ? s¿ mñalPikçúTaMgLay dMrIen¼nwgbBa¢ÚnBYkGñkeTAehIy bbYl[ tfaKtRtLb´vij . P¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg: y¨agena¼BitEmn¦ ? s¿ mñalPikçúTaMgLay y¨agena¼ehIy .

dMrIsøab´eTAekItCaeTvbuRt RKaena¼ RB¼sasþaRtas´nwgdMrIena¼fa ²mñalálielyük£ en¼KWCakareTAminvilRtLb´rbs´tfaKt/ QankIþ/ vibsßnakIþ/ mK:

nigplkþI

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dl´RBMEdnRsúkehIy

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k¾Rtas´fa ²mñalálielyük£ cab´BI

en¼eTA minEmnCaTIkEnøgrbs´ÉgeT/ CaTIlMenArbs´BYkmnusß . manGnþrayedayCuMvij/ ÉgcUrQb´cu¼³ dMrIena¼QryMenAkñúgTI ena¼/ lu¼RB¼sasþaRTg´l¼bg´KnøgckçúeTA/ eb¼dUgrbs´dMrIena¼ k¾Ebk . eFVIkalkiriyaehIy ekItkñúgkñúgvimanmaskMBs´ 30 eyaCn_nazantavtþigß mannageTBGbßr 1000 Cabrivar eRBa¼ esckIþRC¼føakñúgRB¼sasþa maneQμa¼fa ²álielyükeTvbuRt³ . cMENkRB¼sasþaesþcyagdl´vtþeCtBnehIyedaylMdab´ .

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eTIbcUleTAKal´RB¼sasþa

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

cUlmkkan´ Ednrbs´¹RB¼Gg:eT³ . RB¼sasþaRTg´Rtas´tbfa ²bBiRtmharaC PikçúTaMgena¼CaGñkmansIl/ Etminkan´ykBakü rbs´tfaKt eRBa¼vivaTKñanigKñabu¨eNÑa¼/ }LÚven¼ elakTaMg LaymkedIm,IsUmxmaeTastfaKt bBiRtmharaC [PikçúTaMg ena¼cUlmkcu¼³ . cMENkGnafbiNÐikesdæITUlfa ¹RB¼Gg:nwgminRBm[PikçúTaMgena¼

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Gg:eT³ dUecñ¼ehIy RtÚvRB¼sasþaRTg´hamdUcy¨agena¼ ehIy ánenAes¶óm. k¾kalPikçúTaMgena¼ dl´RkúgsavtSIedaylMdab´ehIy/ RB¼manRB¼PaK RTg´[RbTanesnasn£kñúgTId¾smKYrmYy eFVI [CaTIs¶at´dl´elakTaMgLay . PikçúBYkdéTminGg:úy minQr rYmnwgPikçúTaMgena¼ . BYkCnGñkmkehIy@TUlsYrRB¼sasþafa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg: d¾ceRmIn PikçúBYkNa

CaPikçúRkúgekasm<I

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vivaTKñaena¼³ ? RB¼sasþaRTg´sEmþgfa ²BYkena¼³ . PikçúRkúg ekasm<ITaMgena¼ RtÚvBYkCnGñkmkehIy @ cgðúlfa ²nu+¼BYkPikçú Rkúgekasm<ICaGñkbg;rCemøa¼

nu+¼BYkPikçúRkúgekasm<IEdlCaGñk

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(

tam

)

Bakürbs´tfaKt/ cMENkbNÐitGMBImunsþab´ {vaTrbs´mata nigbitaEdlCaGñkRtÚvRbharCIvit/ bitaena¼sUm,IRtÚvRbharCIvit/

kalmata

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dUecñ¼ehIy

xageRkay Rtas´sEmþg


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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

TIXavukumarCatk 8 dUcmuneTot ehIyRtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMg Lay

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nigbitaRtÚvRbharCIvit

y¨agena¼/ k¾minQanknøg{vaTrbs´RB¼mata nigbitaTaMgena¼ ehIyxageRkaymk ánFItarbs´RB¼áTRBhμTtþRKgraCsm,tþi kñúgEdnekasl nigkasI/ cMENkBYkGñkTaMgLaymineFVI ( tam ) Bakürbs´tfaKt eFVIkmμF¶n´Nas´³ dUecñ¼ehIy RTg´Rtas´RB¼ Kafaen¼fa ½

5 ber c n viCannþi

myemtS ymames

ey c ttS viCannþi CnTaMgLaydéT xøÜnfa

teta smμnþi emFKa .

( eRkAGMBIbNÐit )

Etgmindwg

eyIgTaMgLaynwgvinaskñúgkNþalénBYk

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en¼ dwgxøÜnfa eyIgTaMgLaynwgvinaskñúgkNþal

8

xu¿ Ca¿ bBa©k¿ .


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rEmg

rm¶ab´BICnTaMgena¼ .

GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa ber CaedIm esckIþfa BYkCn GñkeFVIkareQøa¼RbEkkKña

evorbNÐitTaMgLayecj

KWBYkdéT

eRkAGMBIbNÐitena¼ eQμa¼fa BYkCndéT/ BYkCndéTena¼ eFVIkar xVl´xVayenAkñúgCMnuMsgÇena¼ rEmgmindwgxøÜnfa ²eyIgTaMgLay rEmgvinas ándl´ cUleTAkan´TICiténsmñak´mc©úCanic© ³ . áTRB¼Kafafa ey c ttS viCannþi esckIþfa CnTaMg LayNa EdlCabNÐitkñúgBYkena¼ rEmgdwgxøÜnfa ²eyIgTaMg Lay rEmgcUleTAkan´TICiténmc©ú ³ . áTRB¼Kafafa teta smμnþi emFKa esckIþfa CnTaMg ena¼dwgy¨agen¼ehIy eFVITukkñúgcitþedayRbéBehIy rEmgbdibtþiedIm,Is¶b´karBüayam KWkareQøa¼RbEkkKña/

kalebIdUecña¼


-144-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

kareQøa¼RbEkkKñaTaMgena¼

rEmgs¶b´

eRBa¼karbdibtþirbs´

bNÐitTaMgena¼ . mü¨ageTot Kb,IRCabkarGFib,aykñúgRB¼Kafaen¼ y¨ag en¼fa ber c CaedIm esckIþfa CnTaMgLaysUm,IEdleyIg ( tfaKt ) eBaleRbónRbedAfa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLay kuMeQøa¼RbEkkKñaeLIy³

dUecñ¼CaedIm

kñúgkalmunk¾minsþab´

eRBa¼minTTYl{vaTrbs´tfaKt eQμa¼fa CnBYkdéT . BYkCn déTena¼rEmgmindwgxøÜnfa

²eyIgTaMgLayRbkan´xus

eday

GMNacGKti manqnÞaKtiCaedIm rEmgvinas ándl´ Büayam edIm,IjúaMgkarceRmInénehtuEdleFVIesckIþvinas mankareQøa¼ RbEkkKñaCaedImkñúgkNþalCMnuMsgdz . Et}LÚven¼

bursCa

bNÐitTaMgLayNa kñúgrvagénelakTaMgLayena¼ BicarNa dwgc,as´fa kalmuneyIgTaMgLayBüayamedayGMNacGKti manqnÞaKtiCaedIm bdibtþiedayminRbéB/ BüayameQøa¼RbEkk


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgPikçúekasm<I

-145-

Kña }LÚven¼ kareQøa¼RbEkkKñaTaMgen¼ rEmgs¶b´GMBIsmñak´ bNÐitTaMgLayena¼@

KWeRBa¼GaRs&ybursEdlCabNÐitTaMg

Layena¼ . kñúgkalcb´Kafa

PikçúEdlRbCuMKñaena¼

ántaMgenAkñúg

GriyplTaMgLay manesatabtþiCaedIm dUecñ¼Ég >€

( erOgPikçúPikçúRkúgekasm<I cb´ )

ros


6 erOgculøkal nig mhakal

esckIþxagedIm RB¼sasþa kalesþccUleTAGaRs&yestBünKr RTg´ Kg´enAkñúgéRBFñg´ RTg´RárB§culøkal nigmhakal Rtas´FmμeTsnaen¼fa ²suPanubsßw vihrnþM ³ CaedIm . esckIþBisþarfa kudum<Ik_GñkRsúkestBünKr 3 nak´bg bðÚn KWculøkal 1 mCÄimkal 1 mhakal 1 . bNþabgbðÚn TaMg 3 nak´ena¼ bgRbúsc,g nigbðÚnRbúseBA Rtac´eTAkñúgTis TaMgLaynaMTMnijmkedayreT¼ 500 . mCÄimkallk´TMnij Edlbg nigbðÚnnaMmk . xageRkaymk

sm&ymYy

bgbðÚnTaMgBIrena¼pÞúkTMnij

epßg@ edayreT¼ 500 eTAkan´RkúgsavtSI eda¼reT¼TaMgLay kñúgcenøa¼RkúgsavtSI nigvtþeCtBn .


mhakalsþab´Fm’’ehIylabðÚnRbúseTAbYs bNþabgbðÚnBIrnak´ena¼

mhakaleXIjGriysavk

TaMgLayGñkRkúgsavtSI manédkan´kRmgp;a nigeRKÓgRkGUbCa edImedIm,IeTAsþab´Fm’’kñúgevlal¶ac eTIbsYrfa ²CnTaMgena¼eTA Nahñ+³ ? ánsþab´esckIþena¼ehIyKitfa ²sUm,IeyIgk¾nwgeTA Edr³ ehAbðÚnRbúsmkehIy Ráb´fa ²éhá ÉgcUrCaGñkminRbmaT kñúgreT¼TaMgLay/ cMENkbgnwgeTAsþab´Fm’’³ dUecñ¼ehIy

eTA

fVaybg:MRB¼tfaKt Gg:úyenATIbMputénbris&TTaMgLay . éf¶ena¼ RB¼sasþa kalnwgRtas´GnubuBVIkfatamGFüaRs&yrbs´mhakalena¼ eTIbRtas´eTas nigkaresAhμgrbs´ kamTaMgLayedaybriyayCaeRcIn edayGMNacénsURt man Tukçkçn§sURtCaedIm . mhakalánsþab´FmμeTsnaena¼ehIy k¾Kitfa ²mnusßyIgcaMác´RtÚvl¼bg´vtSúTaMgBYgehIyeTA/ ePaK£ ( nig ) jatiTaMgLay rEmgminCab´tambuK:lGñkeTAkan´brelak eLIy/ eyIgnwgRtÚvkarGVIedaykarenARKb´RKgpÞ¼ eyIgnwgbYs³


-148-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

kalmhaCnTaMgLayfVaybg:MehIyecosecjeTA

TUlsUm

bBVC¢anwgRB¼sasþa kalRB¼sasþaRtas´sYrfa ²GñkdéTEdl GñkKYrlaminmaneT¦³ ? TUlfa ²bðÚnRbúsrbs´¹RB¼Gg:man³ kalRB¼Gg:Rtas´fa ²ebIdUecña¼

GñkcUreTAlaeKcu¼³ TTYlfa

²RbéBehIy RB¼Gg:³ RtLb´mkRáb´bðÚnRbúsdUecñ¼fa ²mñalbðÚn Rbús bðÚnÉgcUrRKb´RKgsm,tþiTaMgGs´en¼cu¼³ . c¿ k¾bgÉgdUcemþcEdr ? m¿ bgnwgbYskñúgsmñak´RB¼sasþa . eKGgVrbgRbús ena¼edayRbkarepßg@ k¾minGac[RtLb´viján/ eTIbeBal fa ²lðehIybg sUmbgeFVItamGFüaRs&ycu¼³ . mhakaleTA bYskñúgsmñak´RB¼sasþa . cMENkculøkalk¾ ( eTA ) bYs edaytaMgcitþfa ²eyIgnwgbbYlbgRbús[swk³ .

RB¼mhakalbMeBjesasanikFutg: kñúgkalxageRkaymk

mhakalán«bsm,TaehIy


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

cUleTAKal´RB¼sasþa

-149-

TUlsYrdl´Fur£kñúgRB¼sasna/ kal

RB¼sasþaRtas´Ráb´Fur£BIry¨agehIy/ TUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ ceRmIn

¹RB¼Gg:minGacbMeBjKnSFur£áneT

eRBa¼¹RB¼Gg:

bYskñúgkalEdlxøÜnCamnusßcas´/ bu¨EnþnwgbMeBjvibsßnaFur£ [bribUN’³ TUlsUmRB¼Gg:[Rtas´Ráb´esasanikFutg:rhUt dl´RB¼Grhtþ/ lu¼knøgbzmyam kalmhaCnedklk´Gs´ RKb´KñaehIy/ eTAkan´éRBsμsanevlaeTobPWø kalCnTaMgGs´ enAminTan´eRkakeLIg ( PJak´ ) enAeLIyRtLb´mkkan´viharvij .

rebobGñkenAkñúgéRBsμsan RKaena¼ ®sþIGñkrksuIerobcMexμacmñak´eQμa¼kaLI Gñkyam éRBsμsaneXIjTIQr TIGg:úy nigTIc®g;mrbs´RB¼efr£ Kitfa ²nrNahñ+ mkkan´TIen¼ ? eyIgnwgrg´caMcab´xøÜn³ kalminGac cab´án/ éf¶mYy eTIbdutRbTIbTukkñúgxÞmCitéRBsμsan naMbuRt FItaeTABYncaMemIlenAkñúgTIkEnøgmYy

eXIjRB¼efr£edIrmkkñúg


-150-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

mCÄimyam eTIbeTAfVaybg:M ehIyniyayfa ²bBiRtelakm©as´ d¾ceRmIn elakm©as´sñak´enAkñúgTIkEnøgrbs´BYk¹en¼¦ ? f¿ Br «ásika . s¿ bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn FmμtaGñkenAkñúgéRBsμsanTaMgLayeronrebob ( mun ) eTIbsmKYr . RB¼efr£mineBalfa ²GatμaPaBnwgRbRBwtþtamrebobEdl nagRáb´ehIydUcemþceTA³ ? RtLb´eBalfa ²mñal«ásika eFVIy¨agNaeTA eTIbKYr³ ? s¿ bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn FmμtaGñkenAkñúgéRBsμsanTaMgLay

KYrRáb´GñkyaméRBsμsan

RB¼mhaefr£kñúg

vihar nigemRsúkCamunsin . f¿ eRBa¼ehtuGVI ? s¿ eRBa¼BYkecareFVIkmμehIyRtÚvBYkm©as´ ( RTBü ) edj tamsñameCIgeTA

k¾eá¼kBa©b´PNУTukkñúgéRBsμsan

ehIy


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-151-

ecosecjeTA kalebIdUecña¼ BYkmnusßk¾ ( ecameram ) eFVIGnþraydl´mnusßGñkenAkñúgéRBsμsan

bu¨EnþkalánRáb´Gñk

EdlmantYnaTITaMgena¼ehIy GñkTaMgGs´ena¼ rEmgCYykarBar Gnþrayán

edayeBalG¼Gagfa

²BYk¹sUmFanafa

m©as´d¾ceRmInen¼ CaGñkenAéRBBitEmn

elak

elakminEmnCaecareT

eRBa¼ehtuena¼ caMác´RtÚvRáb´GñkTaMgGs´ena¼ . f¿ etImankic©GVIdéTeToteT EdlGatμaPaBRtÚveFVI ? s¿ bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn Fmμtaelakm©as´EdlCa GñkenAkñúgéRBsμsan caMác´evorvtSúTaMgLayman RtI sac´ emßA l¶

nigs;rGMeBACaedIm/

minKYrswgeBléf¶

minKYrCaGñkx¢il

RcGUs KYrRárB§esckIþBüayam/ minCaGñkGYtGag minCaGñk eákRás CaGñkmanGFüaRs&ylð eBlyb´kalCnTaMgLay edklk´Gs´ehIy Kb,Iecjcakviharmkkan´éRBsμsan/ evla eTobPWø kalBYkCnRKb´KñaenAminTan´eRkak ( PJak´BIedk ) Kb,I


-152-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

mkkan´viharvij/ bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn ebIelakm©as´enA kñúgTIen¼ edayGakary¨agen¼ena¼ nwgGacjúaMgkic©rbs´bBVCit [dl´TIbMpután/ ebIBYkCnnaMsaksBmkeá¼ecal/ nag¹nwg elIkeLIgkan´pÞ¼kMBUl EdlRkaledaysMBt´km<leFVIsk;arbUCaedayvtSúTaMgLay maneRKÓgRkGUb nigkRmgp;aeQICaedIm ehIyeFVIkardutsaksB/ RbsinebIelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn enAmin Tan´GacjúaMgkic©rbs´bBVCit[dl´TIbMputánena¼ nag¹nwgelIk eLIgkan´eCIgf; ehIybg;at´ePIøgdut ykTMBk´Taj ( saksB ) ecjmkdak´xageRkA

ci®Ba©aMedayBUefA

Bnø¼[CakMNat´tUc

kMNat´FM ehIydak´kñúgePIøg sEmþgdl´ ( elakm©as´d¾ceRmIn ) ehIyeTIbdut . eBlena¼RB¼efr£eBalnwgnagkaLIena¼fa ²lðehIynag d¾ceRmIn k¾nageXIjrUármμN_NamYyehIy cUrRáb´GatμaPaB cu¼³ nagkaLITTYlfa ²RB¼kruNaelakm©as´³ RB¼efr£eFVIsmN-


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-153-

Fm’’enAkñúgéRBsμsantamGFüaRs&yrbs´xøÜn .

RB¼culøkalGpßúk cMENkRB¼culøkaletSredkeRkak@ nwkdl´Xravas dl´ buRt nigPriya ehIyKitfa ²bgRbúsrbs´eyIgen¼ eFVIkmμF¶n´ éRkElg³ .

RB¼mhakalBicarNasaksBkulFIta RKaena¼

kulFItamñak´áneFVIkalkiriya

søab´enAkñúg

evlal¶ac KWenAminTan´esøksøaMg eRBa¼BüaFikeRmIkeLIgmYy ePøtena¼ . BYkjatiEsgsaksBkulFItaena¼ eTAkan´éRBsμsankñúgevlal¶ac RBmTaMg«bkrN_sRmab´dutepßg@ man«s nigeRbgCaedIm

[éføQñÜldl´®sþIGñkrkßaéRBsμsan

eday

Baküfa ²nagcUrcat´EcgdutsaksBen¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy RbKl´ ( saksB ) [ehIy ecosecjeTA . nageda¼sMBt´dNþb´ rbs´kulFItaena¼ecjehIy eXIjsrIr£Edlsøab´RtwmEtmYy


-154-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

ePøtena¼EsnRbNIt manBN’dUcmas eTIbKitfa ²GarmμN_ en¼KYrnwgsEmþgdl´elakm©as´³ ehIyeTARkabfVaybg:MRB¼efr£ eBalfa ²bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn GarmμN_Ebben¼man/ sUm elakm©as´Kb,IeTABicarNacu¼³ . RB¼fr£TTYlfa ²ceRmInBr³ dUecñ¼ehIy

[elIksMBt´

dNþb´ecjehIy BicarNataMgGMBIáTeCIg rhUtdl´cugsk´ ehIyniyayfa ²rUben¼RbNItéRkElgNas´ manBN’dUcCa mas/

nagKb,Idak´rUben¼kñúgePIøg

kalNaEdlrUben¼RtÚv

GNþatePIøgFMrMlayehIy swmRáb´GatμaPaB³ dUecñ¼ehIy eTA kan´lMenArbs´xøÜnvij . nageFVIy¨agena¼ehIy

eTIbRáb´RB¼

efr£/ RB¼efr£eTABicarNa . kúñgTIEdlRtÚvGNþatePIøgb¨¼xÞb´ ehIy@ BN’énsrIr£ándUcCaemeKadag eCIgTaMgBIrsMyugcu¼ édTaMg BIrrYjcUl f¶asmanEs,krsat´ecj .


RB¼mhakalseRmcRB¼Grhtþ RB¼efr£BicarNafa ²srIr£en¼CaFmμCatitaMgenAkñúgh¬T&y eFVI[minmanTIbMputdl´buK:lGñkRkeLkemIlkñúgkalmun/ Et}LÚven¼ ( RtLb´ ) dl´nUvkarGs´eTA sUnüeTA³ . RtLb´eTA kan´TIsRmakeBlyb´ Gg:úyBicarNadl´karGs´eTA nigsUnü eTA ehIyeBalKafafa ½ ²sgçarTaMgLaymineTogEmnBit mankiriyaekIteLIg nwgvinaseTAvijCaFmμta/ ekIteLIgehIy rEmgrlt´ eTAvij lu¼Etrlt´nUvsgçarTaMgLayena¼ehIy eTIb ánnUvesckIþsux³ . cMerInvibsßnaánseRmcRB¼Grhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTa TaMgLay

kalRB¼efr£ánseRmcCaRB¼GrhtþehIy/

sasþamanPikçúsgÇecameram

RB¼-

esþcyageTAkan´estBünKr

ehIyesþcyagcUlkan´éRBFñg´ . BYkPriyarbs´RB¼culøkal án|fa RB¼sasþaesþc


-156-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

yagmkdl´ehIy Kitfa ²BYkeyIgnwg ( CYyKña ) cab´sVamIrbs´ BYkeyIg³ dUecñ¼ehIy bBa¢Ún ( GñkbeRmI ) eTAGaraFnanimnþRB¼ sasþa .

rebobRkalGasn£sm&yBuT§kal k¾kñúgsSanTIEdlRB¼BuT§TaMgLay minRTg´sñiT§sñal KYr PikçúmYyrUbGñkRáb´karRkalGasn£

nigRtÚveTAmun

k¾Gasn£

sRmab´RB¼BuT§TaMgLayKb,I[RkalenAcMkNþal/

Gasn£

sMrab´RB¼sarIbutþetSrKb,IRkalxagsþaM/ Gasn£sRmab´RB¼mha emaK:løanetSr Kb,I[RkalxageqVgénGasn£rbs´RB¼BuT§Gasn£ sRmab´PikçúsgÇ

Kb,I[RkalxagTaMgBIrbnÞab´GMBIena¼eTA

.

eRBa¼dUecña¼ RB¼mhaefr£sRmakenAkñúgTIXøúMcIvr bBa¢ÚnRB¼culøkaleTAfa ²elakcUreTAmun Ráb´rebobRkalGasn£cu¼³ .

RB¼culøkalRtÚv®sþIcab´pßwk BYkCnkñúgpÞ¼ eFVIkaresIccMGk[elak cab´BIkalEdl


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-157-

BYkeKeXIjelak ( Ekøg ) RkalGasn£TabsRmab´RB¼sgÇetSr RkalGasn£x<s´sRmab´sgÇnvk . RB¼culøkalRáb´fa ²BYk nagcUrkuMeFVIy¨agena¼/

cUrRkalGasn£x<s´kñúgTIx<s´

Rkal

Gasn£TabkñúgTITab³ . BYk®sþIeFVIdUcmin|Bakürbs´elak KRmamfa ²elakedIr eFVIGI ? naTI[RkalGasn£minsmKYrdl´elak¦ ? elakla nrNaeTAbYs ? nrNaCaGñkRBm[elakeTAbYs ? mkTIen¼eFVI GVI³ ? dUecñ¼ehIy CYyKñaTajs,g´ nigcIvrecj ehIy[esøók sMBt´s Bak´kRmgp;aeQIelIsirsa ehIybBa¢ÚneTAedayBakü fa ²elakcUreTAnaMRB¼sasþamk/ BYkeyIgnwgRkalGasn£³ . culøkaltaMgenAkñúgPav£énPikçúGs´kalminyUr manvsßaenAeLIyk¾swk

eTIbminxμaseGon

minTan´

eRBa¼ehtuena¼

eTIbCaGñkGs´esckIþreg:ósedaykiriyaGakarena¼ eTAfVaybg:M RB¼sasþaehIy naMPikçúsgÇ manRB¼BuT§CaRbFanmk .


-158-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

k¾kñúgkaleRscPtþkic©rbs´PikçúsgÇ

BYkPriyarbs´

mhakalk¾KitKñafa ²®sþITaMgen¼rYmKñacab´sVamIrbs´xøÜnán BYk eyIgk¾nwgcab´sVamIrbs´BYkeyIgEdr³

eTIb[nimnþRB¼sasþa

edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl´karesayPtþaharkñúgéf¶Esðk .

RB¼mhakalk¾RtÚvPriyacab´pßwk k¾kñúgkalena¼ PikçúrUbdéTáneTA ( Ráb´ ) rebobRkal Gasn£ . ®sþITaMgena¼minán{kas kñúgxN£ena¼ GaraFnaPikçú sgÇmanRB¼BuT§CaRbFan[Kg´

ehIyánfVayPikça/

k¾culø-

kalmanPriyaBIrnak´/ mCÄimkalmanbYnnak´/ mhakalman RáMbInak´/ cMENkPikçúTaMgLayRáfñaeFVIPtþkic© k¾ánGg:úyeFVI Ptþkic© . BYkEdlRáfñaeTAxageRkAk¾eRkakecjeTA/ cMENkRB¼sasþaRbfab´Kg´RTg´eFVIPtþkic© . kñúgkaleRscPtþkic©rbs´RB¼ Gg:ehIy ®sþITaMgena¼RkabTUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn sUm


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-159-

[RB¼mhakaleFVIGnuemaTna dl´BYk¹RB¼Gg:ehIy swmnimnþ eTA/ sUmRB¼Gg:esþcyageTAmuncu¼³ . RB¼sasþaRTg´Rtas´fa ²RbéBehIy³ esþcyageTAmun ehIy

lu¼dl´TVarRsúkPikçúsgÇk¾elIkeTasfa

²ehtudUcemþc

eTIbRB¼sasþaRTg´eFVIy¨aghñwg ? etIRB¼Gg:RTg´RCabehIy eTIb RTg´eFVI ¦k¾RTg´minRCabeFVIhñ+ ? kalBImßilGnþrayénbBVC¢aekIt eLIgdl´culøkal eRBa¼culøkalena¼nimnþeTAmuneK/ éf¶en¼GnþrayminánmaneRBa¼PikçúdéTnimnþeTAmun/

}LÚven¼ RB¼sasþa

[RB¼mhakalRtLb´ ehIyesþcyagmkmun/ k¾PikçúEdlman sIldl´RBmedayGacar£

®sþITaMgena¼nwgeFVIGnþrayénbBVC¢a

dl´RB¼mhakalena¼ánEdr¦³ ? RB¼sasþa RTg´RB¼sNþab´nUvBakürbs´PikçúTaMgena¼ehIy esþcyagmkRtas´sYrfa

²mñalPikçúTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

eBalnUvBaküGVI³ ? PikçúTaMgena¼ k¾RkabTUlnUvesckIþnu+¼ .


-160-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

s¿ mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaysm:al´mhakal fa dUcCaculøkal¦ ? P¿ y¨agena¼ehIy RB¼Gg: eRBa¼culøkalena¼manPriya BIrnak´ ( cMENk ) RB¼mhakalen¼manPriyadl´eTA 8 nak´/ elakRtÚvPriyaTaMg 8 BT§cab´ehIy nwgeFVIGVIán ?

RB¼mhakalCaGñkminjab´j&r RB¼sasþaRtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaykuM niyayy¨agena¼eLIy/ eRBa¼culøkaleRkakeLIgehIy eRkak eLIgRBmehIy eRcIneTAedaykareXIjnUvGarmμN_falð dUcedIm eQIEdlmankmøaMgTuBVldu¼enAEk,rmat´eRCa¼

nigTIPMñEdldac´/

cMENkRB¼mhakal buRtrbs´tfaKttameXIjGarmμN_fa min lð CaGñkminjab´j&r dUcCaPMñfμtan´³ dUecñ¼ehIy ánPasit RB¼KafaTaMgen¼fa ½

6 suPanubsßw vihrnþM

}®nÞieysu GsMvutM


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-161-

ePaCnmHi GmtþBaØúM

kusItM

tM ev bshtI maera

vaeta rukçMv TuBVlM .

GsuPanubsßw vihrnþM

}®nÞieysu susMvutM

ePaCnmHi c mtþBaØúM

sT§M GarT§viriyM

tM ev nb,shtI maera

hInviriyM

vaeta eslMv bBVtM .

buK:ltameXIjnUvGarmμN_falð minsRgÜmkñúg}®nÞIy_ TaMgLay mindwgRbmaNkñúgePaCn x¢ilRcGUs man BüayamFUrfy kielsmar rEmgRKbsg;t´buK:lena¼ Ég dUcxül´EdlRKbsg;t´edImeQITuBVldUecña¼ .

É

buK:lEdltameXIjnUvGarmμN_faminlð sRgÜmRbéB kñúg}®nÞIy_TaMgLay dwgRbmaNkñúgePaCn mansT§a RárB§Büayam

kielsmarEtgRKbsg;t´buK:lena¼

minán dUcxül´RKbsg;t´PMñfμtan´minándUecña¼ .


GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa suPanubsßw ándl´Gñktam eXIjnUvGarmμN_falð . GFib,ayfa GñkbeNþaycitþeTAkñúg GarmμN_EdlKYrRáfña

.

k¾buK:lNakalkan´yknimiμtGnu-

BüBa¢n£ rEmgkan´ykfa ²RkckTaMgLaylð / sðat³ . kan´ ykfa ²RmamTaMgLaylð / sðat³ . kan´ykfa ²édTaMgBIr eCIgTaMgBIr sμgTaMgBIr ePøATaMgBIr ceg;¼ eBa¼ sudnüTaMgBIr k bbUrmat´ eFμjTaMgLay mat´ Rcmu¼ EPñkTaMgBIr RtecokTaMg BIr cieBa©ImTaMgBIr f¶as sk´TaMgLay lð sðat³ . kan´yk fa ²sk´ eram Rkck eFμj Es,k lð sðat³ . ( ¦ ) kan´ ykfa ²BN’lð RTg´RTaylð³ . buK:lena¼ eQμa¼fa tam eXIjnUvGarmμN_falð

.

buK:lena¼

KWGñktameXIjnUvGa-

rmμN_falðy¨agena¼ . bTfa }®niÞeysu ándl´ kñúg}®nIÞy_ 6 manckçú®nIÞy_ CaedIm .


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-163-

bTfa GsMvutM ándl´ GñkminrkßaTVarTaMgLay man ckçúTVarCaedIm . bTfa GmtþBaØúM esckIþfa EdleQμa¼fa Gñkmins:al´ RbmaNkñúgePaCn

eRBa¼mindwgRbmaNen¼

KWRbmaNkñúgkar

EsVgrk RbmaNkñúgkarTTYl RbmaNkñúgkarbriePaK . n&y mü¨ageTot EdleQμa¼fa Gñkmins:al´RbmaNeRBa¼mindwgRbmaNen¼ KWRbmaNkñúgkarBicarNa RbmaNkñúgkarl¼ KWmin dwgfa ²ePaCnen¼RbkbedayFm’’ en¼minRbkbedayFm’’³ . bTfa

kusItM esckIþfa EdleQμa¼faGñkx¢ilRcGUs

eRBa¼PaBCaGñkRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGMNacénkamvitk; BüaáTvitk; nig vihwgßavitk; . bTfa

hInviriyM esckIþfa GñkminmanesckIþBüayam

KWGñkevorcakesckIþBüayamkñúg}riyabfTaMg 4 . bTfa bshtI ERbfa rEmgRKbsg;t´ KWjaMjI .


-164-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

áTRB¼Kafa vaeta rukçMv TuBVlM esckIþfa dUcxül´d¾ mankmøaMgjúaMgedImeQIEdlmankmøaMgTuBVl

Edldu¼enAEk,r

mat´eRCa¼ . GFib,ayfa dUcy¨agfa xül´ena¼ júaMgcMENk epßg@ manp;a Epø swøkx©ICaedIm énedImeQIena¼[Føak´cu¼mkxø¼ kac´EmktUcxø¼

kac´EmkFMxø¼

bk´dkedImeQIena¼RBmTaMg¬s

eFVI[¬seLIgxagelI Emkcu¼eRkam y¨agNamuij/ mar KWkielsEdlekItkñúgxagkñúg rEmgjúaMgbuK:lEbbena¼án dUecña¼ Edr/

KWkielsmareFVI[RtÚvGabtþitUc@

dUcxül´mankmøaMgxøaMg

júaMgcMENkepßg@ manp;a Epø swøkx©ICaedIm énedImeQIEdl mankmøaMgTuBVl[RCú¼cu¼mkxø¼/ eFVI[RtÚvGabtþimannisßK:Iy_Ca edIm dUcxül´d¾mankmøaMgeFVIkarkac´EmkeQItUc@xø¼/ eFVI[RtÚv GabtþisgÇaTiessTaMg 13

dUcxül´mankmøaMgxøaMgeFVIkarkac´

EmkeQIFMxø¼/ eFVI[RtÚvGabtþiáraCiknaMecjcaksasna Edl RB¼manRB¼PaKRTg´Rtas´lðehIy

[dl´PaBCaRKhsSeday


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-165-

BIrbIéf¶bu¨eNÑa¼ dUcxül´mankmøaMgxøaMgdk ( edImeQI ) eFVI[rlM cu¼ man¬seLIgelI manEmkcu¼eRkamxø¼ . kielsmarrEmg jaMjIbuK:lEbbena¼ [RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGMNacrbs´xøÜn . bTfa GsuPanubsßw esckIþfa GñkeXIjnUvGarmμN_ minlð 10 y¨ag y¨agNanImYyfaminlð . KWRbkbkñúgmnsikaredayPaBCarbs´bdikUl ándl´ eXIjsk´TaMgLay edayPaBCarbs´minlð

minsðat

eXIjeram

Rkck

eFμj

Es,k BN’sm,úr RTg´RTayedayPaBCarbs´minlð minsðat . bTfa

}®niÞeysu

ándl´kñúg}®nÞIy_

6

.

bTfa

susMvutM ándl´ GñkRáscakkarkan´yk mankarkan´yk nUvnimμitCaedIm KWGñkmanTVarEdlbiTehIy . bTfa

mtþBaØúM

esckIþfa

Gñks:al´RbmaNkñúgePaCn

mann&ypÞúynwgPaBCaGñkmins:al´RbmaN . bTfa sT§M esckIþfa GñkRbkbedayelakiysT§a man


-166-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgculøkalnigmhakal

kareCOkmμ nigplCalkçN£ 1 nigRbkbedayelakutþrsT§a eBalKWkarRC¼føa EdlminkeRmIkjab´j&rkñúgvtSúTaMg 3 mYy . bTfa GarT§viriyM ándl´ Gñkp:geLIgnUvesckIþBüayam KWCaGñkmankarBüayameBjeljehIy . bTfa tM ev ándl´ buK:lena¼ KWEbbena¼ . GFib,ayfa

xül´EdlmankmøaMgexßay

bk´Rsal@

rEmgminGac[silatan´jab´j&rány¨agNamij kielsmar EdlmankmøaMgexßay sUm,IekIteLIgkñúgxagkñúg rEmgRKbsg;t´ ( buK:lena¼ ) minán KWminGaceFVI[jab´j&rrBa¢Üyán dUecña¼ .

mhakaleha¼eKcPriya ®sþITaMgena¼

EdlCaPriyacas´rbs´RB¼mhakalena¼

eLamBT§RB¼efr£ ehIyeBalBaküCaedImfa ²elaklanrNa eTAbYs }LÚven¼ elakswk ¦k¾minswk³ ? dUecñ¼ehIy án naMecjnUvsMBt´TaMgLay ( rbs´RB¼efr£ ) .


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-167-

RB¼efr£kMNt´Gakarrbs´®sþIena¼ánehIy

eRkakcak

Gasn£ ehIyeha¼eTAeday¬T§i TmøaynUvehaCagéndMbUlpÞ¼ kMBUl eTAtamGakas/ kalRB¼sasþaRTg´Rtas´Kafacb´/ sresIrRB¼srIr£rbs´RB¼sasþaEdlmanvNÑ£dUcmas cu¼mkfVay bg:MRB¼yuKláTrbs´RB¼tfaKt . kñúgkalcb´Kafa PikçúEdlRbCuMKña taMgenAkñúgGriypl TaMgLay manesatabtþiplCaedIm dUecñ¼Ég .

( erOgculøkal nigmhakalcb´ )

ros


7 erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

esckIþxagedIm RB¼sasþa kalKg´enAkñúgvtþeCtBn RTg´RárB§karán sMBt´kasav£EdlbuK:lnaMmkBIEdnKn§ar£rbs´RB¼eTvTtþ

kñúg

RkúgraCRKw¼ Rtas´RB¼FmμeTsnaen¼fa ²Gnik;saeva³ CaedIm .

RB¼sarIbuRtsEmþgFm’’dl´GñkRkúgraCRKw¼ esckIþBisþarfa sm&ymYy RB¼GK:savkTaMgBIrnaMbrivarrbs´xøÜnmYyGg:@ 500 rUb eTATUllaRB¼sasþaehIy án ecjcakvtþeCtBn eTAkan´RkúgraCRKw¼ . GñkRkúgraCRKw¼rYmKñaCaBYk manBIrnak´xø¼ bInak´xø¼ eRcIn nak´xø¼

fVayGaKnþúkTan

.

éf¶mYy

RB¼sarIbuRtkalnwgeFVI

GnuemaTna ánsEmþgFm’’y¨agen¼fa ²«ásk «ásikaTaMg LayEdlfVayTanedayxøÜnÉg ( Et ) minbbYlGñkdéT/ Tayk ena¼ rEmgánePaKsm,tþikñúgTIEdlxøÜnekItehIy@ ( Et ) min


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-169-

ánbrivarsm,tþi/ GñkbbYlCndéTeFVI cMENkxøÜnÉgmin[/ Gñk ena¼ rEmgánbrivarsm,tþikñúgTIEdlxøÜnekItehIy@ ( Et ) min ánePaKsm,tþi/

GñkEdlmin[edayxøÜnÉgpg

minbbYlCn

déTpg buK:lena¼ rEmgminánsUm,IvtSúRtwmEtáycugGg;rlμm cMEGtépÞánedayRk

rEmgCamnusßGnafa

rkbc©&yminán

kñúgTIEdlxøÜnekItehIy@/ GñkEdl[TanedayxøÜnÉgpg TaMg bbYlCndéT[[pg buK:lena¼rEmgánTaMgePaKsm,tþi TaMg brivarsm,tþikñúgTIEdlxøÜnekItehIy@ Gs´ryGtþPaBxø¼ Ban´ GtþPaBxø¼ EsnGtþPaBxø¼ .

nimnþPikçú 1000 rUbTTYlPtþahar bursEdlCabNÐitmñak´

sþab´RB¼FmμeTsnaena¼ehIy

Kitfa ²Gñkd¾ceRmInRB¼FmμeTsnaKYrGs©arüNas´/ elakm©as´ sarIbuRteBalehtuénesckIþsux/

eyIgKYrEteFVIkmμEdljúaMg

sm,tþiTaMgBIrena¼[seRmc³ dUecñ¼ehIy

eTIbnimnþRB¼efr£fa


-170-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

²bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn

éf¶Esðken¼

sUmelakm©as´TaMg

LayTTYlPikçarbs´¹RB¼kruNa³ . RB¼efr£sYrfa ²«ásk GñkRtÚvkarPikçúb¨unμanGg: «ásk sYrRtLb´eTAvijfa

²PikçúEdlCabrivarrbs´elakm©as´

man

bu¨nμanGg:³ ? f¿ mñal«ásk manRbmaN 1000 Gg: . «¿

bBiRtelakm©as´d¾ceRmIn

sUmelakm©as´mYyGenøI

edayPikçúCabrivarTaMgGs´emtþaTTYlPikçarbs´¹ . RB¼efr£TTYl ehIyedaytuNHIPaB .

«áskbbYlGñkRsúkfVayPtþahar «áskRtac´eTAkñúgfñl´RB¼nKr

bbYledayBaküfa

²mñalGñkTaMgLay ¹nimnþPikçúTuk 1000 rUb GñkTaMgLaynwg GacfVayPikçamancMnYnb¨unμan

?

BYkmnusßeBaledaysmKYr

dl´kmøaMgrbs´xøÜn@ fa BYk¹nwgRbeKndl´Pikçú 10 rUb/ BYk¹


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-171-

20 rUb BYk¹ 100 rUb . «áskeBalfa ²ebIdUecña¼ eyIgTaMgLaynwgRbCMuKñadaM sørYmKñakñúgTIEtmYycu¼/

sUmelakRKb´@Kña

cUrrYbrYmvtSúepßg@

maneRbg l¶ Gg;r Twkeda¼føa s;rGMeBACaedIm³ dUecñ¼ehIy [ rYmKñaTukkñúgTIEtmYy . RKaena¼ kudum<Ik_mñak´[sMBt´kasav£Edl naMmkBIEdnKn§ar£Edlmantémø 1 Esn dl´«áskena¼ ehIy Ráb´fa

²ebIvtSúsRmab´[Tanrbs´elak

elakcUrcMNaysMBt´mYypÞaMgen¼

minRKb´RKan´eT/

[RKb´cMENkEdlxV¼xat

cu¼/ ebIvtSúsRmab´eFVITanrbs´elakRKb´RKan´ehIy elakcUrRbeKn ( sMBt´mYypÞaMgen¼ ) dl´PikçúrUbNaEdlelakRáfña³ . RKaena¼ vtSúsRmab´[TanRKb´y¨agrbs´«áskena¼ RKb´RKan´ ehIy . vtSúNa@ eQμa¼faxV¼xatminman eTIb«áskena¼sYr mnusßTaMgLayfa

²sMBt´kasav£Edlmantémøkat´éføminán

mYypÞaMgen¼ Edlkudum<Ik_mñak´eBaly¨agen¼ ehIyRbKl´[¹ .


-172-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

eTyüFm’’ ( rbs´BYkeyIg ) k¾manenAsl´pgEdr/ eyIgTaMgLay nwgRbeKnsMBt´kasav£mYypÞaMgen¼ dl´elakm©as´Gg:Na³ ?

RbeKnsMBt´témømYyEsndl´eTvTtþ BYkxø¼eBalfa ²RbeKndl´RB¼sarIbutþetSr³ BYkxø¼eBal fa ²RB¼efr£eRcInmkkñúgevlasnÞÚgmanPaBcas´CuMvijehIy k¾ eTACaRbRktI

RB¼eTvTtþCasmøaj´kñúgBiFImg:l

nigGBVmg:l

TaMgLayrbs´BYkeyIg taMgenACanic©dUcBagTwk/ BYkeyIgnwg RbeKnsMBt´mYypÞaMgena¼dl´elak³ sUm,IkalBaküRbRBwtþeTA eRcInpøÚv ( y¨agena¼ ) BYkEdleBalfa ²KYrRbeKndl´eTvTtþ³ mancMnYneRcInCag . kalebIdUecña¼ eTIbBYkeKánRbeKnsMBt´ kasav£ena¼dl´eTvTtþ .

RB¼eTvTtþesøókdNþb´sMBt´kasav£ minsmKYrdl´xøÜn RB¼eTvTtþkat´sMBt´ena¼ehIy edrRClk´ehIy esøók


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-173-

dNþb´ehIyRtac´eTA . BYkmnusßeXIjelakehIy k¾niyay Kñafa ²sMBt´mYypÞaMgen¼minsmKYrdl´eTvTtþeT smKYrdl´RB¼ sarIbuRt

RB¼eTvTtþesøókdNþb´sMBt´EdlminsmKYrdl´xøÜn

Rtac´eTA³ . RKaena¼ PikçúGñkenAkñúgTisepßgmYyrUb ( ecj ) GMBI RkúgraCRKw¼eTAkan´RkúgsavtSIfVaybg:MRB¼sasþa CaGñkEdlRB¼ sasþaRTg´eFVIbdisNæar£ Rtas´sYrdl´ karenACasuxrbs´RB¼ GK:savkTaMgBIrehIy

k¾RkabTUlerOgena¼

taMgGMBIedImfVay

RB¼sasþa . RB¼sasþaRtas´fa

²mñalPikç

eTvTtþena¼RTRTg´sMBt´

EdlminsmKYrdl´xøÜnkñúgkal}LÚven¼bu¨eNÑa¼k¾eT/

sUm,Ikñúg

kalmuneTvTtþk¾Føab´RTRTg´Edr³ dUecñ¼ehIy RTg´naMGtItniTan mk ( Rtas´fa ) ½

kalmuneTvTtþCanayRBandMrI kñúgGtItkal kalRB¼áTRBhμTtþRKgraCsm,tþi kñúg


-174-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

RB¼nKrBaraNsI/ nayRBandMrIGñknKrBaraNsImñak´/ smøab´ dMrITaMgLayehIy

naMPøúk

Es,k

eBa¼evonFM

nigsac´duMmk

lk´ciBa©wmCIvit . RKaena¼ dMrICaeRcInBan´edIrrksuIenAkñúgéRBmYy CYbRB¼bec©kBuT§eRcInRB¼Gg:

cab´epþImBIkalena¼

kalnwgeTA

lutCg:g´TaMgBIrcu¼ ehIyeFVIesckIþeKarBkñúgkalEdleTA nig mk ( RKb´eBl ) ehIyeTIbecosecjeTA éf¶mYyRBandMrIeXIj kiriyaena¼ehIy Kitfa ²eyIgsmøab´dMrITaMgen¼ánedaylMák/ k¾kñúgkaleTAnigmk

dMrITaMgen¼rEmgeFVIesckIþeKarBRB¼bec©k

BuT§TaMgLay/ vaeXIjGVIhñ+ ? eTIbeFVIesckIþeKarB³/ kMNt´án fa ²eXIjsMBt´kasav£³ dUecñ¼ehIy Rti¼ri¼fa ²}LÚven¼ eyIg ánsMBt´kasav£rEmgKYr³ kan´CatRs¼Rsg´Twk

.

kalRB¼bec©kBuT§mYyrUbcu¼eTA

dak´sMBt´kasav£TaMgLayTukenAEk,r

mat´Rs¼/ eTIblYccIvrena¼eTA cab´lMEBgGg:úydNþb´Gvyv£ RBmTaMgk,alEk,rpøÚv EdldMrITaMgena¼eTAmk . hVÚgdMrIeXIjeK


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-175-

ehIyeTIbeFVIesckIþeKarBedaysm:al´fa ²RB¼bec©kBuT§³ ehIy k¾ecosecjeTA . RBandMrIena¼yklMEBgBYyRtÚvdMrImYyEdl edIrxageRkaydMrITaMgena¼[søab´ manPøúkCaedIm

ehIykan´ykcMENkepßg@

kb´cMENkEdlenAsl´kñúgEpndIehIyecos

ecjeTA . kñúgkalCacMENkxageRkaymk

RB¼eBaFistVbdisn§i

kñúgkMeNItdMrI ánCaRbFanéndMrI Cam©as´énhVÚg ( Caemekøag ) k¾ kñúgkalena¼ RBandMrIena¼k¾enAEteFVIy¨agena¼dEdl . RB¼brm eBaFistVdwgnUvkarGs´eTAénbris&Trbs´xøÜn eTIbsYrfa ²dMrITaMg en¼eTANaGs´ ? eTIbánrela¼eTA³ kaldMrITaMgena¼eqøIyfa ²mindwgeTnay³

Kitfa

²dMrITaMgLaykalnwgeTANaminTan´

Ráb´eyIg ( CamunsineT ) nwgminKb,IeTA GnþrayKb,Iman³ nwk sgß&yfa

²GnþrayKb,ImanBIsmñak´énburs

EdlGg:úyRKb

dNþb´sMBt´kasav£kñúgTIkEnøgmYy³ edIm,IXøaMcab´bursena¼


-176-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

bBa¢ÚndMrITaMgGs´[eTAmun cMENkxøÜnÉg edIrmkBIxageRkay/ RBandMrIena¼ kaldMrId¾esseFVIesckIþeKarBehIyedIreTA/ eXIj RB¼brmeBaFistVkMBugedIrmkly@ eTIbsMexIjcIvr ehIyBYy lMEBgeTA . RB¼brmeBaFistV kalRbúgnUvsμartIehIyedIrmk fy RtLb´eTAxageRkay ehIyeKcnUvlMEBg . RKaena¼ RB¼brmeBaFistV sÞú¼cUleTAedIm,Inwgcab´RBan dMrIena¼

edayeFVITukkñúgcitþfa

²bursen¼[júaMgdMrIrbs´eyIg

vinas³ . nayRBandMrIBYnnwgedImeQImYyedIm . RKaena¼ RB¼brmeBaFistVykRbemaycab´RBandMrIeday eFVITukkñúgcitþfa ²nwgcab´eákeTAhñwgEpndI³ ( RKaena¼ ) eXIj sMBt´kasav£EdlRBandMrInaMecjmksEmþg

k¾Gt´sg;t´eday

eFVITukkñúgcitþfa ²ebIeyIgnwgRbTUsr¨aycMeBa¼bursen¼esat . esckþIeGonxμascMeBa¼RB¼BuT§ RB¼bec©kBuT§ nigRB¼xINaRsB


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-177-

eRcInBan´Gg: RtveyIgTmøayecal³ saksYrfa ²jatirbs´ eyIgRbmaNbu¨eNѼ GñkÉgeFVI[vinasehIy¦³ ? RBandMrITTYlsarPaBfa ²eGI nay³ . RB¼mhaburseBalfa ²eRBa¼ehtuGVI eTIbGñkÉgeFVIkmμd¾ eRKatRKaty¨agen¼ dl´xøÜn

?

GñkÉgesøókdNþb´nUvsMBt´minsmKYr

smKYrdl´elakGñkEdlmanraK£eTARásehIyTaMg

Lay kaleFVIkmμd¾lamkEbben¼ eQμa¼fa eFVIkmμd¾F¶n´ ³ . lu¼eBaly¨agnu+¼ehIy

kalnwgsg;t´sg;in[éRkElg

eLIg eTIbeBalnUvKafafa ½ buK:lNa enAmanTwkct´ KWraKaTik;ielskñúgsnþan Ca Gñkeá¼bg´karTUnμannUv}®nIÞy_ dNþb´sMBt´kasav£

nigsc©£

ehIyesøók

buK:lena¼minKYrnwgesøókdNþb´

sMBt´kasav£eLIy . lu¼EtbuK:lNa manTwkct´ KWraKaTik;ielsx¢ak´ecal


-178-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

Gs´ehIy CaGñkmancitþtm;l´maMkñúgctub,arisuT§isIl RbkbedaykarTUnμannUv}®nIÞy_ nigsc©£ buK:lena¼Ég eTIbKYrnwgesøókdNþb´sMBt´kasav£án . esckIþen¼ bNÐitKb,IsEmþgtamerOgqTÞnþCatkcu¼ .

rbs´lðrEmgsmKYrdl´mnusßlð minsmKYr dl´mnusßGaRkk´eT RB¼sasþa lu¼RTg´naMRB¼FmμeTsnaen¼mk ( sEmþg ) ehIy RTg´RbCuMCatkfa ²RBandMrIkñúgkalena¼ánmkCaeTvTtþ kñúgkal}LÚven¼

dMrId¾RbesIrEdlCaGñkp©aj´p©alRBandMrIena¼

KWtfaKten¼Ég³ dUecñ¼ RTg´Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay min EmnEtkñúgkalen¼bu¨eNÑa¼eT . sUm,Ikñúgkalmun eTvTtþk¾Føab´ RTRTg´nUvsMBt´minsmKYrdl´xøÜnEdr³

dUecñ¼ehIy

ánPasit

RB¼KafaTaMgen¼fa ½

7 Gnik;saeva kasavM

eya vtSM briTehsßti


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-179-

Gebeta Tmsec©n

n esa kasavmrhti .

eya c vnþksavsß

sIelsu susmahieta

«ebeta Tmsec©n

sev kasavmrhti .

buK:lNa

KWraKaTik;ielskñúgsnþan

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k¾ánfVayTand¾eqñImkñúgkal

ena¼Edr kñúgkalEbn ( eákbBa¢an´ ) Tand¾efμagkñúgkarnaMRsÚv cUlCRgúk

ánfVayTand¾efμagrYm

edayRbkary¨agen¼ .

9

dg

kñúgsnÞÚgmYyrdUv

kñúgTIkEnøgénsnÞÚgEdlkudum<Ik_eQμa¼

culøkalena¼kan´ykehIy@ áneBjdUcedImRKb´@var£ . snÞÚg ánlUtlas´lðeLIgy¨agéRkElg/

FmμtaFm’’rEmgrkßanUvGñk

rkßaFm’’ ( smdUcEdlRB¼manRB¼PaKRTg´Rtas´Tukfa ) ½ ²Fm’’rEmgrkßaGñkmanRbRktIRbRBwtþFm’’ Fm’’EdlbuK:l RbRBwtþlðehIy rEmgnaMsuxmk[ en¼CaGanisgßkñúg Fm’’EdleKRbRBwtþlð GñkRbRBwtþFm’’CaRbRktI rEmgmin eTAkan´TuK:ti ³ . GBaØaekaNÐBaØ£ RáfñaedIm,Icak´Føú¼Fm’’d¾kMBUlmuneKbgðs´


-214-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsBa¢&y

eTIbánfVayTand¾efμag 9 dg

kñúgkalénRB¼smμasm<úT§RB¼-

namfa vibsßI edayRbkary¨agen¼Ég . mü¨ageTot sUm,IkñúgkalénRB¼BuT§RB¼nam bTumutþr£ kñúg hgßvtInKr

kñúgTIbMputmYyEsnkb,BIPTÞkb,en¼eTA

eKfVay

mhaTanGs´ 7 éf¶ ehIyRkabcu¼kñúgTICitRB¼áTénRB¼manRB¼ PaKGg:ena¼

taMgesckIþRáfñaedIm,Ikarcak´Føú¼Fm’’d¾eqñImmuneK

bgðs´dUcKñaEdr

.

tfaKtánRbTantMENg

EdlGBaØaeka-

NÐBaØ£en¼RáfñaehIyedayRbkary¨agen¼ tfaKtmináneyaK yl´muxeT³ .

buBVkmμrbs´Cn 55 nak´ manyskulbuRt CaedIm PikçúTaMgLayRkabTUlsYrfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn Cn 55 nak´ manyskulbuRtCaRbFan eFVIkmμGVITuk³ ? RB¼sasþa RTg´Rtas´fa ²sUm,ICn 55 nak´ena¼ánRáfña


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

nUvRB¼Grhtþkñúgsmñak´RB¼BuT§mYyRB¼Gg:

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eFVIkmμEdlCabuNü

TukeRcInehIy xageRkaymkkalRB¼BuT§minTan´«b,tþieLIgkñúg elak/ Casmøaj´nwgKña eFVIbuNürYmKña edIrcat´EcgsaksB mnusßKμanTIBwg . éf¶mYy BYkeKCYb®sþIsøab´TaMgmanKP’ bMNg fa ²nwgdut³ eTIbnaMeTAkan´éRBsμsan CnTaMgena¼sRmakenA kñúgé®Bsμsan 5 nak´

edayRáb´fa ²BYkelakcUrdut³ Cn

d¾esscUleTAkan´Rsúk . TarkeQμa¼ysykeQIsUlcak´sBena¼ RtLb´ eTA RtLb´mkehIy k¾ánGsuPsBaØa . eKsEmþgdl´smøaj´ 4 nak´eTotfa ²mñalGñkd¾ceRmInTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaycUremIl saksBen¼EdlmanEs,k KWePIøgkm©at´bg´ehIy kñúgTIena¼@ dUcCarUbeKaBBal minsðat sðúy CavtSúKYr[ex<Im³ . CnTaMg 4 nak´ena¼k¾ánGsuPsBaØakñúgsaksBena¼Edr . eKTaMg 5 nak´ eTAkan´RsúkánRáb´dl´smøaj´d¾ess

.

cMENkRB¼ys


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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsBa¢&y

eTApÞ¼ehIyánRáb´dl´matabita nigPriya .

GñkTaMgGs´Kña

ena¼k¾ceRmInGsuPsBaØaEdr en¼CabuBVkmμrbs´Cn 55 nak´ man yskulbuRtCaRbFanena¼ . eRBa¼dUecña¼Ég esckIþsm:al´kñúg pÞ¼d¾edrdaseday®sIþfa dUcéRBsμsan k¾ekItdl´RB¼ys . eday«bnisß&ysm,tþiena¼ karseRmcKuNviess eTIbekIt eLIgdl´BYkeKTaMgGs´ . CnTaMgen¼ánTTYlpl

EdlxøÜn

RáfñaehIy edayRbkary¨agen¼ . minEmntfaKteyaKyl´ muxeT³ .

buBVkmμrbs´PTÞvK:Iy_ 30 nak´ PikçúTaMgLayTUlsYrfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn k¾RB¼PTÞvK:iyPikçúCasmøaj´nwgKñaáneFVIkmμGVITukeTA RB¼Gg:³ ? RB¼Gg:RTg´Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay sUm,IBYkPTÞvK:Iy_ena¼

k¾ánRáfñaRB¼Grhtþkñúgsmñak´RB¼BuT§kñúgkalmun

ehIyeFVIbuNü nakalRB¼BuT§enAminTan´esþc«b,tþi CaGñkelg


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

30 nak´ ánsþab´tuNÐielavaT

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ánrkßasIl 5 rhUtGs´ 6

muWnqñaM . sUm,IPTÞvK:Iy_TaMgen¼ k¾ánseRmcplEdlxøÜnRáfña ehIy@ dUcKñaedayRbkary¨agen¼ . minEmntfaKteyaKyl´ ehIyRbTantMENgdl´PikçúTaMgLayena¼eT³ .

buBVkmμrbs´Cdil 3 nak´bgbðÚn PikçúTaMgLayTUlsYrfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn k¾ksßb£ 3 nak´bgbðÚn man«ruevlksßb£CaedIm áneFVInUvkmμGVITukeTA³. RB¼Gg:RTg´Rtas´fa ²eKRáfñaRB¼GrhtþEdr eFVIbuNüTuk ehIy k¾kñúg 92 kb,GMBIPTÞkb,en¼eTAmanRB¼BuT§BIrRB¼Gg: KW RB¼BuT§RB¼nam tisߣ RB¼BuT§RB¼nampusߣ esþc«b,tþieLIg kñúgelak RB¼raCaRB¼namfa mhinÞ ánCaRB¼bitarbs´RB¼BuT§ RTg´RB¼namfa pusߣ . k¾kalRB¼Gg:RTg´ánseRmcsem<aFijaNehIy/

RB¼{rstUcrbs´RB¼raCa

ánCaRB¼GK:savk

buRtrbs´buerahitánCaRB¼GK:savkTI 2 . RB¼raCaánesþc


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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsBa¢&y

yageTAkan´smñak´RB¼sasþa

RTg´RtÜtemIlnUvCnTaMgena¼fa

²raC{rsGg:c,grbs´eyIgCaRB¼BuT§/ raC{rsbðÚnCaGK:savk/ buRtbuerahit CaRB¼GK::savkTI 2 ³ RTg´bnøWRB¼«Tan 3 dgfa ²RB¼BuT§rbs´¹/ RB¼Fm’’rbs´¹/ RB¼sgÇrbs´¹/ ¹m©as´sUm nms;arcMeBa¼RB¼manRB¼PaK

RTg´CaRB¼GrhnþRtas´dwgeday

RbéBehIyedayRB¼Gg:Ég³ dUecñ¼ehIy Rkabcu¼eTobáTmUl rbs´RB¼sasþa RTg´TTYlebþCJafa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn kñúg kal}LÚven¼ hak´dUcCakalCaTIGg:úylk´ kñúgTIbMputénGayu manRbmaN

9

muWnqñaM/

sUmRB¼Gg:kuMesþcyageTAkan´TVarpÞ¼

rbs´BYkCndéTeLIy sUmRTg´TTYlbc©&y 4 rbs´TUlbg:MrhUt Gs´evlaEdlTUlbg:MenAmanCIvit³

dUecñ¼ehIy

RTg´eFVIBuT§ú-

b,dæakCaRbcaM . mü¨ageTot RB¼raCaRTg´manRB¼raC{rsdéT 3 RB¼Gg:eTot . bNþaRB¼raC{rs 3 RB¼Gg:ena¼ RB¼raC {rsGg:c,gmanTahanCabrivar 500 Gg:kNþal man 300


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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Gg:tUcman 200 . RB¼raC{rsTaMgena¼

RkabTUlsUm{kasnwgRB¼bitafa

²sUm,ITUlbg:MTaMgLay nwgnimnþRB¼m©as´bgesay³ sUm,ITUl sUmerOy@ k¾minán/ kalbc©nþCnbTkeRmIk/ RtÚvbBa¢ÚneTA edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl´karrm¶ab´bc©nþCnbTena¼/ júaMgbc©nþCnbT[ s¶b´rm¶ab´ ehIymkkan´smñak´RB¼raCbita . RKaena¼ RB¼raCbita RTg´beásGEgðlRB¼{rsTaMg 3 ena¼ehIy

RTg´efIb

B§d¾RB¼sirsa Rtas´fa ²áTaMgLay bita[Brdl´BYkbuRt³ . RB¼{rsTaMg 3 ena¼TUlfa ²RbéBehIyRB¼bita³ eFVIRB¼Br[Ca karEdlxøÜnkan´ykehIy/ edaykalknøgeTA 2-3 éf¶ RB¼bita Rtas´eTotfa ²áTaMgLay BYkbuRtcUrTTYlBrcu¼³ RkabTUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼bita esckIþRáfñanUvvtSúNa@ rbs´TUlbg:Mminman . taMgGMBI}LÚven¼ TUlbg:MnwgnimnþRB¼m©as´bgesay/ sUmRB¼ raCTanBren¼dl´TUlbg:Mcu¼³ .


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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsBa¢&y

r¿

mñalbuRt [mináneT .

G¿ RbsinebIRB¼bitaminRB¼raCTanCanic©eT sUmRB¼bita RB¼raCTanRtwmEt 7 qñaMánehIy . r¿ mñalbuRt [mináneT . G¿ ebIdUecña¼ sUmRB¼bitaRB¼raCTanRtwmEt 6-5-4-32-1 qñaM 7-6-5-4-3 ExánehIy . r¿ mñalbuRt [mináneT . G¿ eNHIycu¼ RB¼bitasUmRTg´RB¼raCTan RtwmEt 3 Ex dl´¹RB¼Gg:TaMgLay mñak´mYyEx@ cu¼ . r¿ RbéBehIybuRt/ ebIdUecña¼ buRtcUrnimnþ[qan´án 3 Excu¼ . k¾bursnayXøaMgrbs´RB¼raCbuRtTaMgbIGg:ena¼ manEtmñak´ GñkRbkbkic©karTUeTAk¾manEtmñak´Edr . RB¼raCbuRtTaMg 3 Gg: ena¼

manburs 12 muWnCabrivar . RB¼raC{rsTaMgbIGg:bBa¢a


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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[ehAbrivarTaMgena¼mkehIy Rtas´fa ²eyIgTaMgbInwgrkßasIl 10

esøókdNþb´nUvsMBt´kasay£BIrpÞaMg

enArYmCamYyRB¼-

sasþaGs´ 3 Exen¼/ BYkGñkTaMgLay cUrkan´yknUvvtSúEdl buK:lKb,I[RbRBwtþkñúgTanmanRbmaNbu¨eNѼ

júaMgvtSúEdl

buK:lKb,ITMBasuI nigvtSúEdlbuK:lKb,IbriePaK[RbRBwtþeTAdl´ Pikçú 9 muWnrUb nigdl´Tahanrbs´eyIg 1000/ eRBa¼GMNw¼GMBI en¼eTA BYkeyIgmineBalnUvBaküGVI@ TaMgGs´ ³ . RB¼{rsTaMg 3 Gg:ena¼ naMbursCabrivarmYyBan´smaTan sIl 10 esøókdNþb´sMBt´kasay£ enAEtkñúgTIvtþ . burs nayXøaMg

nigbursGñkRbkbkñúgkic©karTUeTAebIkykRTBütam

var£@ GMBIXøaMgTaMgLayrbs´RB¼raCbuRtCabgbðÚnTaMg 3 Gg: fVayTan .


briePaKGaharEdleK«TÞiscMeBa¼PikçúsgÇ søab´eTAekItCaeRbt k¾kUnrbs´BYkkmμkr ERskyMTarrkbbr nigPtþCaedIm . kmμkrTaMgena¼

kalPikçúsgÇminTan´mk

k¾[vtSúmanbbr

nig

áyCaedImdl´kUnTaMgena¼ . kñúgeBlEdlPikçúsgÇqan´eRsc ehIy minEdlmanvtSúGVIsl´eLIy . kñúgkaltmk BYkkmμkrTaMgena¼niyayGagfa ²eyIgnwg [dl´BYkekμg³ dUecña¼ehIy TTYleTAbriePaKxøÜnÉgxø¼/ minRtwm Etbu¨eNÑa¼

eXIjGaharsUm,Id¾CaTIKab´citþk¾minGacnwgGt´RTaM

án . k¾BYkeKmanRbmaN 8 muWn 4 Ban´nak´ . BYkeKbriePaK GaharEdlfVaysgÇehIy eRBa¼kayEbkFøayáneTAekItkñúg ebtvis&y . cMENkRB¼{rs 3 nak´bgbðÚn RBmTaMgbursmYyBan´ eFVIkalkiriyaehIyekItkñúgeTvelakGs´ 92 kb, . RB¼raC{rs 3 nak´bgbðÚnRáfñanUvRB¼Grhtþ

áneFVI


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-223-

klüaNkmμkñúgkalena¼edayRbkary¨agen¼ Cdil 3 nak´bg bðÚnena¼

ánTTYlplEdlxøÜnRáfñaehIy

tfaKtminán

eyaKyl´mux[eT . cMENkGñkRbkbkñúgkic©karTUeTArbs´RB¼raC{rs 3 Gg: ena¼

kñúgkalena¼ánCaRB¼áTBim<isar

.

nayXøaMgánCa

visax«ásk . kmμkrrbs´RB¼raCbuRtTaMg 3 ena¼ ekItkñúg ebtvis&y Rtac´rg:at´eTAmkedayGMNacsuKti nigTuK:ti kñúg kb,en¼ ekItkñúgebtelakena¼Ég Gs´ 4 BuT§nþr .

BYkeRbtsYrevlaánGaharnwgRB¼BuT§ 3 RB¼Gg: eRbtTaMgena¼ cUlKal´RB¼BuT§RB¼namfa kkusen§aEdl manRB¼Cnμayu 4 mWunqñaM esþc«b,tþieLIgmunRB¼BuT§RKb´RB¼Gg: kñúgPTÞkb,en¼ TUlsYrfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn sUmRB¼Gg: emtþaRáb´nUvkalCaTIánGahardl´¹RB¼Gg:TaMgLay³ . RB¼manRB¼PaK RTg´Rtas´fa ²BYkGñkTaMgLayminTan´


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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsBa¢&y

ánbriePaKGaharkñúgkaléntfaKten¼eT/

bu¨EnþxageRkayén

tfaKt kalmhaRbwfBIdu¼x<s´eLIgRbmaNmYyeyaCn_ RB¼BuT§ RTg´RB¼ namfa ekanaKmn£ nwg«b,tþieLIg/ GñkTaMgLayKb,I sYrRB¼Gg:cu¼ ³ . eRbtTaMgena¼

júaMgkalmanRbmaNbu¨eNѼ[Gs´eTA

kalRB¼BuT§RTg´RB¼namfa ehIy

ekanaKmn£

k¾áncUleTATUlsYrRB¼Gg:

ena¼esþc«b,tþieLIg sUm,IRB¼BuT§Gg:ena¼k¾

Rtas´fa ²BYkGñkTaMgLaynwgenAminTan´ánkñúgkaléntfaKt eT EtxageRkayéntfaKt kalmhaRbwfBIdu¼x<s´eLIgánmYy eyaCn_ RB¼BuT§RB¼namfa ksßb£ nwg«b,tþieLIg BYkGñkTaMg LayKb,ITUlsYrRB¼Gg:cu¼ ³ . eRbtTaMgena¼

júaMgkalmanRbmaNbu¨eNѼ[Gs´eTA

ehIy/ lu¼RB¼BuT§RTg´RB¼namfaksßb£esþc«b,tþieLIgehIy/ k¾TUlsYrRB¼Gg: . sUm,IRB¼BuT§Gg:ena¼ k¾Rtas´fa ²BYkGñkTaMg


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

LaynwgenAminTan´ánkñúgkaléntfaKteT

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EtxageRkayén

tfaKt kalmhaRbwfBIdu¼eLIgánRbmaNmYyeyaCn_ RB¼BuT§ RB¼namfa eKatm nwgesþc«b,tþieLIg . kñúgkalena¼ jati rbs´GñkTaMgLaynwgCaRB¼raCaRTg´RB¼namfa Bim<isarfVayTan cMeBa¼RB¼sasþaehIy nwg[cMENkkuslTandl´BYkGñk BYk Gñknwgán ( Gahar ) kñúgRKaena¼³ . mYyBuT§nþránRákddl´ eRbtTaMgena¼dUcCaéf¶Esðk .

BYkeRbtrYcputTukçeRBa¼plTan eRbtTaMgena¼

kalRB¼tfaKtesþc«b,tþiehIy/

kal

RB¼áTBim<isarfVayTankñúgéf¶xagedIm . bnøWnUvsMeLgKYr[xøac sEmþgxøÜndl´RB¼raCakñúgraRtI

.

éf¶EsðkeLIgRB¼raCaesþc

yagmkkan´vtþevLúv&n RkabTUlerOgena¼cMeBa¼RB¼tfaKt . RB¼sasþa RTg´Rtas´fa ²mhabBiRt kñúgTIbMput 92 kb, GMBIkb,en¼eTA kñúgkalénRB¼BuT§RTg´RB¼namfa pusߣ BYkeRbt


-226-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsBa¢&y

TaMgena¼Cajatirbs´mhabBRit «TÞiscMeBa¼sgÇ

ánbriePaKGaharEdleK

søab´eTAekItkñúgebtelakehIy Rtac´rg:at´

eTAmk ánTUlsYrRB¼BuT§CaeRcInRB¼Gg: Edlesþc«b,tþieLIg kñúgelak manRB¼kkusn§£ CaedIm EdlRB¼BuT§TaMgena¼Rtas´ Ráb´Baküen¼@ ehIy sgÇwmcMeBa¼Tanrbs´mhabBiRtrhUt Gs´kalbu¨eNѼ . mßilmiuj kalmhabBiRtRTg´fVaynUvTan ehIy minánTTYlcMENkbuNü k¾áneFVIy¨agen¼³ . RB¼raCa TUlsYrfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn kal}LÚven¼

k¾kalTUlbg:MfVayTankñúg

eRbtTaMgena¼nwgánTTYlEdr¦ RB¼Gg: ³ ?

RB¼sasþaRTg´Rtas´fa ²mhabBiRt án³ . RB¼raCaRTg´ nimnþPikçúsgÇmanRB¼BuT§CaRbFan eLIg

fVaymhaTankñúgéf¶Esðk

ehIyán«TÞiscMENkbuNüfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn

sUmáy nigTwkd¾CaTiBV cUrseRmcdl´BYkeRbtTaMgena¼eday mhaTanen¼cu¼³ . áy nigTwkd¾CaTiBVk¾ekItmandl´eRbtTaMg


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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ena¼ edayRbkardUecñ¼Ég . éf¶EsðkeLIg eRbtTaMgena¼GaRkat kaysEmþgxøÜndl´RB¼raCa . RB¼raCaTUlfa ²éf¶en¼ BYkeRbt GaRkatkaysEmþgxøÜn dl´¹RB¼Gg:³ . RB¼sasþa Rtas´fa ²mhabBiRt RB¼Gg:minánfVaysMBt´³ . lu¼EsðkeLIg RB¼raCafVaysMBt´cIvrTaMgLaydl´PikçúsgÇ manRB¼BuT§CaRbFan ehIyRTg´«TÞiscMENkbuNüfa

²sUmsMBt´d¾CaTiBVTaMgLay

cUrseRmcdl´eRbtTaMgena¼GMBIcIvrTanen¼cu¼³ . kñúgxN£ena¼ Ég

sMBt´d¾CaTiBVk¾ánekIteLIg dl´eRbtTaMgena¼ . eRbt

TaMgena¼l¼bg´GtþPaBCaeRbt taMgenAkñúgGtþPaBEdlCaTiBV . RB¼sasþa kalnwgRTg´eFVIGnuemaTna k¾RTg´eFVIGnuemaTnaeday tierakuDÐsURtfa ²tierakueDÐsu tidæn³þi CaedIm . kñúgTIbMputénkar GnuemaTna FmμaPism&yekItmandl´stV 8 muWn 4 Ban´ . RB¼ sasþa RTg´Rtas´erOgCdil 3 nak´bgbðÚnehIy RTg´naMRB¼Fmμ eTsnaen¼mkedayRbkardUecñ¼ .


buBVkmμrbs´RB¼GK:savkTaMgBIr PikçúTaMgLayTUlsYrfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn etIRB¼GK:savkTaMgBIráneFVIkmμGVITuk RB¼Gg:³ ? RB¼sasþa Rtas´fa GK:savkTaMgBIreFVIesckIþRáfñaedIm,I ánCaGK:savk . BitNas´ kñúgTIbMputmYyGsegçyükéRm mYyEsnkb,GMBIPTÞkb,en¼eTA sarIbuRtekItkñúgRtkUlRBahμN_ mhasalmannamfa srTmaNB . emaK:løanekItkñúgRtkUl KhbtImhasal mannamfa sirIvDÆnkudum<Ik_ . maNBTaMg BIrena¼ánCasmøaj´elgdICamYyKña . srTmaNBedaykal knøgeTAénbitaánRKb´RKgRTBüCaeRcIn EdlCamt’krbs´RtkUl . éf¶mYy enAkñúgTIs¶at´ánKitfa ²eyIgrEmgdwgGtþPaB kñúgelaken¼bu¨eNÑa¼ minGacdwgGtþPaBkñúgelakxagmuxeT Et FmμtaesckIþsøab´rbs´stVTaMgLay EdlekItmkehIyCarbs´ eTog . eyIgKYrEtbYsCabBVCit ehIyKb,IEsVgrkemakçFm’’ . srTmaNBena¼

cUleTArksmøaj´ehIy k¾niyayfa


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-229-

²sirIvDÆn_smøaj´ ¹nwgbYsEsVgrkemakçFm’’ elaknwgGacbYs CamYyeyIg ¦minGaceT³ .

sirIvDÆn_eqøIyfa

²¹minGaceT

smøaj´ elakbYsmñak´Égcu¼³ . srT£ena¼Kitfa ²FmμtaGñk EdleTAkan´brelaknaMsmøaj´

¦jatimitþeTACamYyminman/

kmμEdlxøÜneFVIehIyrEmgCarbs´xøÜnÉg³ . eBlena¼

srT-

maNB k¾[eKebIkXøaMgEkvecj[mhaTan dl´mnusßkMRBa GñkdMeNIr mnusßsuMTan nigsμÚmyackTaMgLay cUleTAkan´ eCIgPMñbYsCa}sI . CnTaMgLaybYstamsrT£ena¼edayGakar y¨agen¼ KWmñak´ BIrnak´ bInak´ rhUtmanCdilRbmaN 7 mWun 4 Ban´nak´ . srTCdiljúaMgGPiBaØa 5 nigsmabtþi 8 [ekIt ehIy Ráb´ksiNbrikmμdl´CdilTaMgena¼ . CdilTaMgLay ena¼k¾júaMgGPiBaØa 5 nigsmabtþi 8 [ekIteLIgEdr . kñúg sm&yena¼ RB¼BuT§RTg´RB¼namfa GenamTsßI esþc«b,tþieLIg kñúgelak/ nKrmaneQμa¼fa cnÞvtI kßRtRB¼namfa ysvnþ Ca


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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsBa¢&y

RB¼bita/ RB¼eTvI

RB¼namfa

yesaFra

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RB¼PaK ( Edr ) fa ²nnÞáneFVI[Cak´c,as´nUvecetavimutþi bBaØavimutþi EdlminmanGasv£ eRBa¼karGs´eTAénGasv£TaMgLay edaykardwgc,as´edaybBaØad¾RbéBrbs´xøÜnÉg seRmcehIy enAkñúgTidæFm’’ ³ . cMENkRB¼nnÞ lu¼knøgeTAénraRtIena¼ehIy k¾cUleTAKal´RB¼manRB¼PaK Baküen¼fa

fVaybg:MehIy

²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn

ánRkabTUl

RB¼manRB¼PaKRTg´CaGñk

FanaedIm,I[¹RB¼Gg:áncMeBa¼nUvnageTBGbßr 500 Edlman eCIgdUceCIgRBab

edaykarG¼GagNa/

bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn

¹RB¼Gg:eda¼RB¼manRB¼PaKGMBIkarG¼GagFanaena¼³ . RB¼man RB¼PaKRtas´fa ²mñalnnÞ sUm,ItfaKtk¾kMNt´dwgcitþrbs´Gñk edaycitþ ( rbs´tfaKt ) ehIyRCabfa ²nnÞáneFVI[Cak´c,as´ nUvecetavimutþi

bBaØavimutþi EdlminmanGasv£ eRBa¼karGs´eTA

énGasv£ edaykardwgedaybBaØad¾RbéBrbs´xøÜnÉg

seRmc

ehIyenAkñúgTidæFm’’ ³ . sUm,IeTvtak¾Ráb´esckIþen¼dl´tfaKt


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼nnÞetSr

-266-

fa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn RB¼nnÞáneFVICak´c,as´nUvecetavimutþi bBaØavimutþi

EdlminmanGasv£ eRBa¼karGs´eTAénGasv£TaMg

Lay edaybBaØad¾RbéBrbs´xøÜnÉg

seRmcehIyenAkúñgTidæ-

Fm’’ ³ . mñalnnÞ kalNacitþrbs´GñkrYcputehIycakGasv£ TaMgLay eRBa¼karminRbkan´maM/ kalena¼ tfaKtk¾rYcputGMBI karFanaena¼Edr³

RKaena¼Ég

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en¼ehIy RTg´bnøW«Tanen¼kñúgevlaena¼fa ½ Pk´ KWkamEdlbuK:lNaqøgánehIy/ bnøa KWkam EdlbuK:lNajaMjIánehIy buK:lena¼dl´ehIy edaylMdab´

nUvkiriyaGs´eTAénemah£

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jab´j&rkñúgsux nigTukç .

RB¼nnÞRtÚvecaTRbkan´ éf¶mYy PikçúTaMgLaysYrRB¼nnÞfa ²En+ Gavuesa nnÞ kal munelakeBalfa ²¹CaGñkGpßúkehIy/ }LÚven¼ citþrbs´elak


-267-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

y¨agNaEdr³ ? RB¼nnÞeqøIyfa ²Gavuesa karGaela¼Gal&ykñúg PaBCaRKhsSrbs´eyIgminman³ . BYkPikçúánsþab´Baküena¼ ehIy

eBalfa

RB¼nnÞeBalBaküminBit

BüakrnUvRB¼Gr-

htþpl/ éf¶muneBalfa ¹Gpßúk ( Et ) }LÚven¼eBalfa esckIþGal&ykñúgPaBCaRKhsSrbs´eyIgminman

dUecñ¼ehIy

eTARkabTUlesckIþena¼cMeBa¼RB¼manRB¼PaK . RB¼manRB¼PaK Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLaykñúgéf¶mun@ GtþPaBrbs´RB¼nnÞdUc CapÞ¼EdleKRbk´minlð/ ( bu¨Enþ ) }LÚven¼dUcCapÞ¼EdleKRbk´ lðehIy eRBa¼fa nnÞen¼ cab´edImBIkalEdlxøÜneXIjnageTBGbßrehIy

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seRmckic©ena¼ehIy³ ánRTg´PasitRB¼Kafaen¼fa ½

9

yfa GKarM TucänñM ÉvM GPavitM citþM

vudiæ smtiviCÄti raeKa smtiviCÄti .

pÞ¼EdlRbk´x¢Ix¢aehIy dMNk´TwkePøóg rEmglic

án


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼nnÞetSr

-268-

eRsacy¨agNamij citþEdlbuK:lminánGb´rM TukehIy raK£rEmgcak´edaty¨agena¼Ég .

yfa GKarM sucänñM

vudæi n smtiviCÄti

ÉvM suPavitM citþM

raeKa n smtiviCÄti .

pÞ¼EdlRbk´lðehIy dMNk´TwkePøóg rEmgminlic eRsac y¨agNamij

citþEdlbuK:lGb´rMTuklð

ehIy raK£rEmgmincak´edatán y¨agena¼Ég .

GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa GKarM KWpÞ¼RbePTNamYy . bTfa TucänñM KWEdleKRbk´regVIl@ manRbehagtUc nig FM . bTfa smtiviCÄti KWRKab´ePøógrEmgliceRsacán . bTfa GPavitM CaedIm esckIþfa raK£rEmgcak´edatcitþ EdlbuK:lminánGb´rM eRBa¼CaFmμCatíq¶ayBIPavna dUcCaRKab´


-269-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

ePøógliceRsacpÞ¼ena¼sBVdUecña¼/

minEmnEtraK£mü¨agbu¨eNÑa¼

eT/ sBVkielsTaMgLay maneTas£ emah£ nigman¼ CaedIm k¾rEmgcak´edatcitþEbbena¼dUcKñaEdr . bTfa suPavitM ándl´ EdlánGb´rMlðehIy eday GMNacsmfPavna nigvibsßnaPavna/ kielsTaMgLayman raK£CaedIm

rEmgminGaccak´edatcitþEbbena¼áneLIy

dUc

RKab´ePøógminGacliceRsacpÞ¼ EdleKRbk´lðehIyándUecña¼ . kñúgkalcb´eTsna CnCaeRcInánseRmcGriyplTaMg Lay manesatabtþiplCaedIm . eTsnaánmanRbeyaCn_ dl´mhaCnehIyy¨agen¼ .

RB¼nnÞRtÚvl,ÜglYgelamGMBImatuRKam eRkaymk PikçúTaMgLaysnÞnaKñakñúgFmμsPafa ²mñal Gavuesa EdleQμa¼fa RB¼BuT§TaMgLay CaGcäriybuK:lBit@ RB¼nnÞGaRs&ynagCnbTklüaNIGpßúkehIy RB¼sasþaRTg´


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼nnÞetSr

-270-

eFVIBYknageTBGbßr[CaGamis ( nuy ) RTg´TUnμanehIy³ . RB¼sasþaesþcyagmkRtas´sYrfa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay }LÚven¼ BYkGñkGg:úyRbCuMKñaedaykfaGVIhñ+ ? ³ kalPikçúTaMgena¼RkabTUl fa ²edaykfaeQμa¼en¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMg LayminEmnEt}LÚven¼bu¨eNÑa¼eT sUm,Ikñúgkalmun nnÞ nig tfaKtk¾ánl,ÜglYgelamedaymatuRKamehIyRTg´TUnμanEdr³ dUecñ¼ehIy EdlPikçúTaMgena¼GaraFna eTIbRTg´naMGtItniTanmk ( Rtas´fa ) ½

buBVkmμrbs´RB¼nnÞ kñúgGtItkal

kalRB¼áTRBhμTtþRKb´RKgraCsm,tþi

kñúgRkúgBaraNsI ánmanQμÜjGñkRkúgBaraNsImñak´ eQμa¼ kb,k£ laeQμalrbs´Kat´mYynaMPar£ ( vtSú ) eTAánmYykumÖ£ vaedIreTAánmYyéf¶ 7 eyaCn_/ sm&ymYy Kat´eTAkan´Rkúg tk;sila ( RBm ) TaMgPar£EdlnaMeTAedayla elglaeTAdrab


-271-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

lk´TMnijGs´ . RKaena¼ laena¼Rtac´eTAelIxñgRbLayeXIj emlamYyk¾cUleTArk

.

emlakalnwgeFVIbdisNæar£CamYy

nwglaeQμalena¼ eTIbeBalfa ²GñkmkGMBITINa ³ ? laeQμal¿ mkBIRkúgBaraNsI . lajI¿

GñkmkedaykmμGVI ?

laeQμal¿ edaykmμrbs´QμÜj . lajI¿

GñknaMTMnijeTAánbu¨nμan ?

laeQμal¿ TMnijRbmaNmYykumÖ£ . lajI¿

kalGñknaMTMnijRbmaNbu¨eNÑa¼eTA eTAán

bu¨nμaneyaCn_ ? laeQμal¿ lajI¿

án 7 eyaCn_ . kñúgTIEdlGñkeTAehIy emlaNamYy Edl

CaGñkeFVIkarRcác´eCIg ¦Kk´xñg[dl´GñkmanEdr¦eT ? laeQμal¿

En+ emd¾ceRmIn minmaneT .


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼nnÞetSr

lajI¿ Nas´

kalebIdUecña¼

EdleQμa¼fa

GñkrEmgesaynUvTukçFM ?

GñkeFVIkmμmankarRcác´eCIg

sRmab´stVtircäanTaMgLayrEmgminmanedayBit eBalBaküEbbena¼ eQμalena¼

-272-

Bit

CaedIm

bu¨Enþemla

edIm,ITak´Tgdl´kamsMeyaCn£/

la

GpßúkeLIgehIyedayBakürbs´emlaena¼ .

cMENkkb,kBaNiC¢ lk´TMnijGs´ehIyeTAkan´TIEdl lasñak´enAehIyeBalfa ²En+ á GñkcUrmk eyIgnwgeTA ³ la eQμalena¼eqøIyfa ²elakcUreTAcu¼/ ¹mineTAeT³ lMdab´ena¼ naykb,k£GgVrlaeQμalena¼ehIy GgVreTot Kitfa ²eyIgnwg júaMglaEdlminRáfñanwgeTAena¼[xøacehIynwgnaMeTA³ ehIy eBalKafaen¼fa ½ eyIgnwgeFVICnøÜjmanbnøaRsÜcRbEvg 16 Gg:úlI dl´Ég/ eyIgcak´kayrbs´Ég En+la GñkÉg cUrdwgy¨agen¼cu¼³ .

dUecñ¼


-273-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

laánsþab´Baküena¼ehIy eqøIytbfa ²kalebIdUecña¼/ ¹m©as´k¾nwgdwgkic©EdlKYreFVIdl´elakEdr³ dUecñ¼ehIy eBal Kafaen¼fa ½ elaknwgeFVICnøÜjmanbnøaRsÜcRbEvg 16 Gg:úlI dl´¹m©as´ ¹m©as´nwgERCgGMBIxagmux nwgRáy eLIgGMBIxageRkay ehIyjúaMgTMnijrbs´elak [Føak´eTA/ kb,k£ elakcUrdwgy¨agen¼cu¼ . QμÜjánsþab´Baküen¼ehIy eTIbRti¼ri¼fa ²edayehtu dUcemþchñ+

laen¼eTIbeBalBaküen¼nwgeyIg³ ?

kalrmilemIlxagena¼xagen¼

dUecñ¼ehIy

eXIjemlaena¼ehIy

laen¼RbEhlCaRtÚvemlaen¼beRgónehIyy¨agen¼/ ác´RtÚvl,ÜgvaedaymatuRKamfa

Kitfa eyIgcaM

eyIgnaMemEdlmanrUby¨ag

en¼mk[Ég . ehIynwgnaMeTA dUecñ¼ eTIbeBalKafaen¼fa ½ ²eyIgnwgnaMemlaRkmMu maneCIg 4 manmuxdUc


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼nnÞetSr

-274-

s&gç manGvyv£TaMgBYgd¾lð mkCaPriyarbs´ Ég En+la GñkÉgcUrdwgy¨agen¼cu¼ ³ . laánsþab´Baküena¼ehIy

k¾mancitþeRtkGr

eBal

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elakcUrdwgy¨agen¼cu¼ ¹

m©as´nwgeTA[rh&séRkElgdl´ 14 eyaCn_ . RKaena¼

naykb,k£

k¾eBalnwglaena¼fa

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ÉgcUrmkcu¼ ³ dUecñ¼ehIy ánTajeTAkan´TIrbs´xøÜn . laena¼ edaykalknøgeTABIrbIéf¶ eTIbeBalnwgnaykb,k£fa ²elak ánniyaynwg¹m©as´fa nwgnaMPriyamk[Ég/ dUecñ¼minEmn¦³ naykb,k£eqøIyfa eGI eyIgeBalBitEmnehIy/ eyIgnwgmin TmøayBakúürbs´xøÜneT/ nwgnaMPriyamk[Ég/ EteyIgnwg[Ga-


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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

hardl´ÉgEtmñak´bu¨eNÑa¼/ Gaharena¼RKb´RKan´dl´ÉgEdlman RbBn§CaKRmb´BIr ¦minRKb´RKan´kIþ ÉgKb,IdwgxøÜnÉgcu¼ sUm,I kUnTaMgLayEdlGaRs&ykarrYmsgVasrbs´ÉgTaMgBIr k¾ekIt eLIg/ Gaharena¼RKb´RKan´dl´Ég nigkUnCaeRcInkIþ ¦minRKb´ RKan´kIþ/ ÉgcUrdwgxøÜnÉgcu¼³ . kalnaykb,k£ena¼eBaldUecña¼ laena¼k¾Gs´nUvesckIþGal&y . RB¼sasþa

lu¼RTg´naMRB¼FmμeTsnaen¼mkehIy

RTg´

júaMgCatk[cb´eTAedayRB¼tRmas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay em lakñúgkalena¼ánmkCanagCnbTklüaNI/ mkCannÞ/

QμÜjánmkCatfaKt/

laeQμalán

sUm,Ikñúgkalmun

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esckIþxagedIm RB¼sasþa kalKg´enAvtþevLúv&n RTg´RárB§burseQμa¼ cunÞsUkrik

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esacti

ebc©

esacti³ CaedIm .

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smøab´RCÚkTaMgLay

suIpg lk´pg ciBa©wmCIvitGs´ 55 qñaM . kñúgkalEdlGñk CnbT manesckIþGt´Xøan RsÚveLIgéfø Kat´ykreT¼pÞúkRsÚvnaM eTAkan´CnbT

dUrkUnRCÚkGñkRsúkedayRsÚvRbmaNmYynaLi

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

mankarRáfñaedIm,Inwgsmøab´nUvRCÚkNa@ k¾cgRCÚkena¼@ [maM enAnwgTIsmøab´ ehIyvayedayeQI 4 RCúg edIm,I[sac´kñúg srIr£RCÚkeá¨geLIgRkas´ dwgfa sac´Rkas´eLIgehIy k¾ebIk mat´s‘kkMNat´eQIcUleTAkñúgcenøa¼éneFμj kMBugBu¼eRsac

dgTwkekþAEdl

cUleTAkñúgmat´edaynaLielah£

cUleTAkñúgeBa¼TaMgBu¼ekþA

TwkekþAena¼

naMyknUvkrIsecjmktamcMENk

xageRkam ( TVarlamk ) krIsbnþicenAmandrabNa rEmgecj CaTwklðk´drabena¼

kaleBa¼sðatehIy/

CaTwkminlðk´/ eBlena¼

eTIbecjCaTwkføa

eTIbKat´cak´TwkEdlenAsl´elIxñg

RCÚkena¼ . Twkena¼júaMgEs,kexμA[rebIkecj . kñúglMdab´ena¼ eTIbKat´eralnUveramTaMgLayedayKb´esμA

ehIykat´k,al

edaydavd¾mut . RtgQamEdlhUrecjedayPaCn£ Rcác´nUv sac´edayQam ehIycMGin Gg:úyTMBasuIrYmCamYynwgPriya RBmTaMgbutþ lk´nUvsac´d¾ess .


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgcunÞsUkrik

-278-

kalKat´ciBa©wmCIvitedayTMngen¼ena¼Ég eBlevlaán knøgeTA 55 qñaM . kalRB¼tfaKtRTg´Kg´enAkñúgFurvihar/ karbUCa edayp;aRtwmEtmYykþab´kIþ karfVayPikçaRtwmEtmYyEvkkIþ buNü déTsUm,IEtbnþickIþ minánmanehIysUm,IEtmYyéf¶ . RKaena¼

eraKekIteLIgkñúgsrIr£rbs´Kat´

kMedAkñúg

GvIcimhanrkRákddl´Kat´TaMgkMBugrs´enA .

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rbs´GñkEdlQrsmøwgemIlenA

kñúgTIRbmaNmYyryeyaCn_án . smdUcBakü EdlRB¼man RB¼PaKRtas´TukdUecñ¼fa ½ ²kMedAkñúgGvIcimhanrk pßayeTAánrhUt 1 ryeyaCn_edayCMuvij taMgenARKb´kal³ . ehIyeRBa¼ehtuEtkMedAenAkñúgGvIcinrkena¼ manRbmaN


-279-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

éRkElgCagkMedAénePIøgFmμta eTIbRB¼naKesnetSreBal«bma en¼Tukfa ²mhabBiRt sUm,IfμRbmaNbu¨npÞ¼kMBUl Edldak´cu¼ eTAkñúgePIøgnrk rEmgdl´karrlaymYyrMeBcy¨agNa cMENk ÉstVEdlekItkñúgnrkena¼

dUcCastVEdltaMgkñúgépÞénmata

rEmgminrlYyeTAeRBa¼kmøaMgénkmμ .

naycunÞ£esayplkmμTan´hn´ kalkMedAena¼Rákddl´naycunÞsUkrikena¼ehIy/ Gakar£d¾smKYrdl´kmμk¾ekIteLIg . Kat´ERsksMeLgdUcCaRCÚk ( ERskdUcCaRCÚk ) Rtac´eTAedayCg:g´EtkñúgpÞ¼ena¼Ég/ mþgeTA kan´TisxagekIt mþgeTAkan´Tisxaglic . RKaena¼ BYkmnusßEdlenAkñúgpÞ¼rbs´Kat´ cab´Kat´y¨ag maMehIybiTmat´ . Fmμtaplénkmμ KμannrNamñak´Gacham Xat´áneLIy . Kat´edIrERskeTAxagena¼pg xagen¼pg . mnusßkñúgpÞ¼ 7 xñgedayCuMvij minGacedklk´án . mü¨ageTot


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgcunÞsUkrik

mnusßkñúgpÞ¼TaMgGs´ eRkArbs´Kat´

-280-

kalminGachamnUvkarecjeTAxag

EdlRtÚvmrNP&yKRmamehIy

eTIbbiTTVarpÞ¼

Gg:úyrkßaxageRkApÞ¼ edayRbkarEdlKat´enAxagkñúg minGac nwgRtac´eTAxageRkAán .

esayplkmμkñúgsm,rayPB naycunÞsUkrik

edIrERskmþgeTAxageNa¼

mþgmk

xageN¼ xagkñúgpÞ¼ena¼Ég edaykMedAénePIøgnrk . Kat´Rtac´ eTArhUtGs´ 7 éf¶ . kñúgéf¶TI 8 eFVIkalkiriyaehIyeTAekItkñúg GvIcimhanrk . GvIcimhanrk GñkRáCJKb,IBN’natameTvTUtsURtcu¼ .

BYkPikçúyl´faKat´smøab´RCÚkeFVIviFImg:l BYkPikçúkalnimnþeTAtamTVarpÞ¼rbs´Kat´

án|sMeLg

ena¼ehIy sm:al´fa ²sMeLgRCÚk³ eTAkan´vihar Gg:úykñúg smñak´RB¼sasþa

ehIyRkabTUly¨agen¼fa

²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾


-281-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

ceRmIn kalRCÚkTaMgLayEdlnaycunÞsUkrikbiTTVar pÞ¼smøab´/ éf¶en¼Caéf¶TI 7/ mg:lNa@RbEhlCamankñúgpÞ¼ ( rbs´Kat´ )/ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmInemtþacitþ

¦kruNacitþ

Kat´EdlCaGñksmøab´RCÚkTaMgLay man/

sUm,IEtmYyrbs´

manRbmaNbu¨eNѼk¾min

k¾stVEdlCaGñkkaceXareXAy¨agen¼

¹RB¼Gg:TaMg-

LayminFøab´áneXIjesa¼eLIy³ . RB¼sasþaRtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay naycunÞsUkrik smøab´RCÚkrhUtGs´ 7 éf¶en¼k¾eT . bu¨EnþplEdlsmKYrdl´ kmμekIteLIgehIydl´Kat´ kMedAénePIøgkñúgGvIcimhanrkRákd dl´Kat´TaMgEdlenArs´ena¼Ég/ edaykMedAénePIøgnrkena¼ Kat´ ERskdUcRCÚkRtac´eTAkñúgnievsn_rhUtGs´ 7 éf¶ . éf¶en¼eFVIkal kiriyaehIy ( eTA ) ekItkñúgGvIci³ kalBYkPikçúRkabTUlfa ²bBiRt RB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn Kat´esakesAy¨agen¼kñúgelaken¼ehIy eTA ekItkñúgzanEdlCaTIesakesAdEdleTot¦³ ? RB¼smμasm<úT§


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgcunÞsUkrik

-282-

Rtas´fa ²eGI y¨agena¼ mñalPikçúTaMgLay EdleQμa¼fa

Gñk

RbmaTehIy eTa¼bICaRKhsSk¾eday bBVCitk¾eday rEmgesak esAkñúgelakTaMgBIredayBitRákd³

dUecñ¼ehIy

RTg´Rtas´

RB¼Kafaen¼fa ½

10

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GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa ábkarI CaedIm esckIþfabuK:l GñkeFVIábkmμmanRbkarepßg@ rEmgesakesAkñúgelaken¼ kñúg


-283-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

eBlCitsøab´edaycMENkmYyBitRákd edayKitfa ²kmμlð eyIgminTan´áneFVITuk

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esakesAeRBa¼kmμrbs´xøÜn/ k¾kaleKesaypl rEmgesak esAkñúgelakxagmux elakxagmuxrbs´eK/

en¼CaesckIþesakesAeRBa¼viákkñúg eKrEmgesakesAkñúgelakTaMgBIry¨ag

en¼Ég/ edayehtuena¼Ég sUm,InaycunÞsUkrikena¼ k¾esak esATaMgEdlxøÜnenArs´ . áTRB¼Kafafa TisVa kmμkilidæmtþena esckIþfa eK eXIjkmμd¾esAhμgrbs´xøÜnehIy

rEmgesakesAedayRbkar

epßg@ EdleQμa¼fa rEmgekþARkhay KWrEmglMák . kñúgkalcb´Kafa

PikçúCaeRcInánseRmcCaRB¼Griy-

buK:l manesatabnñ CaedIm eTsnaánCakfamanRbeyaCn_ dl´ mhaCnedayRbkardUecñ¼Ég . ( erOgnaycunÞsUkrik cb´ )

ros


11 erOgFmμik«ásk

esckIþxagedIm RB¼sasþa kalKg´enAvtþeCtBn RTg´RárB§Fm’μik«ásk Rtas´RB¼FmμeTsnaen¼fa ²}F emaTti ebc© emaTTi³ CaedIm .

«ásk nig RkúmRKÜsarbMeBjkuslCanic© án|mkfa

kñúgRkúgsavtSI

man«áskGñkbdibtþi

Fm’RbmaN 500 nak´ . bNþa«áskTaMgena¼ mYyrUb@ man «áskCabrivarRáMry@ «áskEdlCaRbFanén«áskTaMg ena¼manbuRt 7 nak´ FIta 7 nak´ . bNþabuRt nigFItaTaMgena¼ mñak´@manslakyaKU/

slakPtþ/

bkçikPtþ/

sgÇPtþ/

«eásfikPtþ/ GaKnþúkPtþ/ vsßavasikPtþmYy@ . CnTaMgena¼ ánCaGñkeQμa¼fa GnuCatbuRtTaMgGs´Kña . ( CakarEdlsMEdg fa ) slakyaKUCaedImmYy@ KWrbs´buRt 14 nak´ rbs´Priya


-285-

mñak´

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

rbs´«áskmñak´

rEmgRbRBwtþeTAedayRbkardUecñ¼ .

«áskRBmTaMgbuRt nigPriyaCaGñkmansIl manklüaNFm’ manesckIþeRtkGrkñúgkarEckTan edayRbkardUecñ¼ . RKa eRkaymk eraKekIteLIgdl´Kat´ . GayusgçarsabsUnüeday CuMvij .

«áskQWedksþab´Fm’ «áskRáfñanwgsþab´Fm’eTIbbBa¢Ún ( mnusß ) eTAkan´ smñak´RB¼sasþa edayRkabTUlfa ²sUmRB¼Gg:emtþabBa¢ÚnPikçú 8 rUb ¦ 16 rUb dl´¹RB¼Gg: . RB¼sasþa RTg´bBa¢ÚnPikçú TaMgLayeTA . PikçúTaMgena¼nimnþeTAehIyGg:úyelIGasn£Edl eKRkalTukCMuvijERKrbs´«ásk «áskeBalfa ²bBiRtelak m©as´d¾ceRmIn kareXIjelakm©as´d¾ceRmInTaMgLay nwgCarbs´ Edl¹RB¼kruNaánedaylMák/ ¹kruNaCamnusßTuBVlPaB/ sUmelakm©as´TaMgLay

sVaFüaynUvRB¼sURtNamYydl´


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgFmμiká«sk

-286-

¹RB¼Gg:cu¼ . eTIbsYrfa ²mñal«ásk elakRáfñanwgsþab´nUvsURt Na³ ? kal«áskRáb´fa ²stib,dæansURtEdlRB¼BuT§RKb´ RB¼Gg:minRTg´l¼bg´ehIy³ eTIbepþImsUFüRB¼sURtfa ²Ékay

ena GyM Pikçev meK:a stþanM visuT§iya³ CaedIm ²mñalPikçú TaMgLay

pøÚven¼CapøÚvmUlEtmYyRbRBwtþeTAedIm,IesckIþbrisuT§

énstVTaMgLay³ .

eTvtanaMrfmkTTYl«áskeTAeTvelak kñúgxN£ena¼ rf 6 eRKÓg Rbdab´edayGlg;arRKb´y¨ag Twmedayes¼sin§BmYyBan´ TMhM 155 eyaCn_ mkGMBIeTvelak 6 Can´ . eTvtaEdlQrenAelIrfTaMgena¼ mñak´@ k¾GeBaI¢jfa ²bBiRtelakd¾ceRmIn

eyIgnwgnaMelakeTAkan´eTvelakrbs´

eyIg eyIgnwgnaMelakeTAkan´eTvelakrbs´eyIg/ sUmelak ekItkñúgTIen¼ edIm,IesckIþeRtkGrkñúgeTvelakrbs´eyIg dUc


-287-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

buK:lEdlTmøayPaCn£dI

ehIykan´ykPaCn£mas³ .

«áskminRáfñanwg[Gnþraydl´karsþab´Fm’ eTIbeBal fa ²GñkTaMgLay cUrbgðg´sin cUrbgðg´sin³ .

BYkPikçú nig buRtFItarbs´«áskyl´xus PikçúmYyGg:@ Qb´es¶ómedayyl´fa ²«áskniyay mkkan´BYkeyIg³ . RKaena¼ buRt nigFItarbs´«áskKitfa ²bitarbs´BYkeyIgBImun

CaGñkminEqðtedaykarsþab´Fm’/

Et

}LÚven¼ Rsab´Et[nimnþPikçúmkeFVIkasVaFüayehIy Xat´eday xøÜnÉg

EdleQμa¼fa

stVGñkminxøaccMeBa¼esckIþsøab´

min

man³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾ányMknÞk´kenÞj . BYkPikçúRbwkßaKñafa ²}LÚven¼minCa{kas³ eTIbeRkakGMBI Gasn£ecosecjeTA «áskjúaMgevlabnþic[knøgeTAehIy RtLb´ánsμartIsYrkUn@fa eRBa¼ehtuGVI eTIbBYkÉgnaMKñaknÞk´ kenÞj³ ?


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgFmμiká«sk

BYkbuRtk¾Ráb´fa ²bBiRtbita sþab´Fm’

hamXat´edayxøÜnÉg/

-288-

bita[nimnþPikçúmkehIy

kalebIdUecñ¼

BYk¹k¾Kitfa

eQμa¼fa stVGñkminxøacesckIþsøab´ minman³ dUecñ¼ eTIbknÞk´ kenÞj . «¿ k¾elakm©as´d¾ceRmInTaMgLay eTANaGs´ ? bu¿ bBiRtbita elakm©as´d¾ceRmInTaMgLay elakniyay Kñafa ²minCa{kas eRkakcakGasn£ecosecjeTAehIy³ . «¿ bitaminánniyayCamYynwgelakm©as´d¾ceRmInena¼eT . bu¿ ebIdUecñ¼ bitaniyayCamYynwgnrNa ? eTvtaRbdab´rf 6 eRKÓg naMmkGMBIeTvelak 6 Can´ct enAB§d¾GakasmYyGg:@eFVInUvsMeLgfa sUmelakcUreRtkGrkñúg eTvelakrbs´¹m©as´/

sUmelakeRtkGrkñúgeTvelakrbs´¹

m©as´ bitaniyayCamYynwgeTvtaTaMgena¼ . bu¿ bBiRtbita rfenATINa BYk¹mineXIj ?


-289-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

«¿ k¾kRmgp;aedIm,Ibita manEdreT ? bu¿ bBiRtbita man . «¿ eTvelakCan´Na KYrCaTIeRtkGrCag . bu¿ bBiRtRB¼bita PBtusitEdlCaTIenAénRB¼eBaFistV RKb´RB¼Gg: énRB¼BuT§mata nigénRB¼BuT§bita CaTIeRtkGrCag . «¿ ebIdUecña¼ BYkkUnÉgcUrGFidæanfa ²sUmkRmgp;aen¼cUr ctenAhñwgrfEdlmkGMBIPBtusit/ dUecñ¼ehIy cUreá¼kRmgp;a eTAcu¼³ . buRtTaMgLayena¼áneá¼kRmgp;aeTA ánCab´hñwgnwménrfsMyugcu¼B§d¾Gakas

.

.

kRmgp;aena¼

mhaCneXIjEt

kRmgp;aena¼ mineXIjrfeT . «áskniyayfa GñkTaMgLay eXIjkRmgp;aena¼eT³ ? kalbuRteqøIyfa ²eXIj³ eTIbeBal fa ²kRmgp;aena¼BüÜrenAhñwgrfEdlmkGMBItusit kan´tusit

BYkÉgkuMRBÜyeLIy/

eyIgnwgeTA

BYkÉgmanesckIþRáfñanwg


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgFmμiká«sk

ekItkñúgsmñak´rbs´eyIg

-300-

k¾cUreFVIbuNüTaMgLaytamTMngEdl

eyIgeFVIehIycu¼ dUecñ¼ehIy eFVIkalkiriya bdisn§ienAelIrf EdlmkGMBIPBtusit GtþPaBrbs´Kat´kMBs´RbmaN 3 Kavut Rbdab´edayeRKÓgGlg;ar 60 reT¼ekItehIykñúgxN£ena¼Ég . mannageTBGbßrmYyBan´ecameram . vimanEkvRbmaN 25 eyaCn_ ekItRákdehIy . RB¼sasþa

Rtas´sYrPikçúTaMgena¼

EdlCaGñkmkdl´

viharehIyedaylMdab´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay «áskánsþab´ FmμeTsnaehIy¦ ? bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ánsþab´ehIy bu¨Enþ «áskánhamXat´nUvBYk¹RB¼Gg:kñúgcenøa¼ena¼Égfa

²sUm

elakbgðg´sin/ xN£ena¼buRt nigFItarbs´«áskena¼knÞk´ kenÞj/

BYk¹RB¼Gg:k¾RbwkßaKñafa

kñúgkal}LÚven¼

minCa

{kas/ eTIbeRkakcakGasn£ecjmk³ . mñalPikçúTaMgLay «áskena¼mináneBalhñwgBYkGñk


-301-

eT/

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

k¾eTvtaRbdab´rf 6

eRKÓg

naMmkGMBIeTvelak 6

Can´

GeBa¢Ij«áskena¼ elakminRáfñanwgeFVIGnþraydl´karsEmþg Fm’ eTIbeBalhñwgeTvtaTaMgena¼ . P¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn y¨agena¼BitEmn¦ ? s¿ mñalPikçúTaMgLay y¨agena¼Ég . P¿ }LÚven¼ «áskena¼ekItenATINa ? s¿ mñalPikçúTaMgLay kñúgtusiteTvelak . P¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn «áskena¼ánnUvkarrIkray kñúgkNþalénRkúmjatienAkñúgelaken¼ehIy

}LÚven¼ekItenA

kñúgzanmYyEdlCaTIrIkraydEdleTot¦ ? RB¼sasþaRtas´fa

²mñalPikçúTaMgLay

y¨agena¼Ég

eRBa¼buK:lGñkminRbmaTehIyTaMgLay eTa¼bICaRKhsSkIþ bBVCitkIþ ehIy

rEmgánnUvkarrIkraykñúgelakTaMgBYgedayBit³ ánRtas´RB¼Kafaen¼fa ½

dUecñ¼


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgFmμiká«sk

-302-

11 }F emaTti ebc© emaTti ktbueBaØa «PytS emaTti esa emaTti esa bemaTti TisVa kmμvisuT§imtþena . buK:lGñkeFVIbuNüTuk rEmgrIkraykñúgelakTaMgBIr KWrIkraykñúgelaken¼ 1 rIkraykñúgelakxagmux 1 buK:lena¼

rEmgrIkrayRss´Rsay

eRBa¼eXIj

GMeBIbrisuT§rbs´xøÜn .

GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa ktbueBaØa CaedIm esckIþfa buK:lGñkeFVIkuslmanRbkarepßg@

rEmgrIkrayedaykarrIk-

rayeRBa¼kmμkñúgelaken¼fa ²kmμGaRkk´eyIgmináneFVIeT/ kmμ lðeyIgáneFVIehIyhñ+³ l¼bg´elaken¼eTAehIy rEmgrIkray edaykarrIkrayeRBa¼viák/ eQμa¼fa rEmgrIkraykñúgelakTaMg BIr y¨agen¼Ég . bTfa kmμvisuT§w CaedIm esckIþfa sUm,IFmμik«áskk¾


-303-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

eXIjkmμd¾brisuT§

KWkardl´RBménbuBaØkmμrbs´xøÜnehIy

kalmunGMBIkareFVIkalkiriya

kñúg

rEmgrIkraysUm,Ikñúgelaken¼/

eFVIkalkiriyasøab´eTAehIy }LÚven¼k¾rEmgrIkray KWrEmgrIk rayéRkElgBit sUm,Ikñúgelakxagmux . kalcb´Kafa esatabnñCaedIm/

CnCaeRcInánCaRB¼GriybuK:l

man

RB¼FmμeTsnaánCakfamanRbeyaCn_dl´

mhaCn dUecñ¼Ég >€

( erOgFmμik«ásk cb´ )

r2s


12 erOgeTvTtþ

esckIþxagedIm RB¼sasþa kalKg´enAkñúgvtþeCtBn RTg´RárB§RB¼eTvTtþ

Rtas´RB¼FmμeTsnaen¼fa ²}F

tb,ti ebc© tb,ti³

CaedIm .

skü£TaMg 6 Gg:RTg´RB¼pñÜs erOgRB¼eTvTtþ RB¼sasþaRtas´CatkTaMgGs´ EdlRTg´ RárB§RB¼eTvTtþ[BisþarehIy

taMgBIevlaEdlpñÜsrhUtdl´

RtÚvEpndIRsÚb . k¾esckIþsegçbkñúgerOgRB¼eTvTtþen¼ mandUc teTAen¼ ½ kalRB¼sasþa RTg´GaRs&yniKmmYyeQμa¼ Gnubiy£ rbs´BYkmløkßRt RTg´Kg´enAkñúgGnubiyGm<v&nena¼Ég/ kñúgéf¶ TTYlRB¼lkçN£rbs´RB¼tfaKtena¼ RtkUlRB¼jati 8 muWn RbKl´RB¼{rs 8 muWn[edayBaküfa ²siT§tSkumarCaRB¼raCak¾


-305-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

eday CaRB¼BuT§k¾eday/ nigmankßRtCabrivarRtac´eTA³ kal RB¼{rsTaMgena¼bYsehIy/ BYkRB¼jatieXIjskü£ 6 RB¼Gg: KWPTÞiyraC GnuruT§ GannÞ PK:ú kim<il£ eTvTtþ minTan´ánbYs k¾snÞnaKñafa ²BYkeyIgKYrEtjúaMgkUn@ rbs´xøÜn[bYs/ skü£ TaMg 6 en¼RbEhlCaminEmnRB¼jatieTdwg ? eRBa¼dUecña¼ eTIb minánRTg´RB¼pñÜs³ . RKaena¼ mhanamskü£ cUleTArkRB¼GnuruT§ehIyRtas´ fa ²mñalbðÚn GñkEdlecjbYsGMBIRtkUlrbs´eyIgminTan´man/ bðÚnÉgbYs ¦k¾bgbYs³ GnuruT§kumarena¼CakßRtsuxumalCati manePaKsm,ÚN’ sUm,IBaküfa ²minman³ RB¼Gg:k¾minFøab´RTg´ RB¼sNþab´ .

BitNas´ éf¶mYy kalkßRtTaMg 6 RB¼Gg:

ena¼RTg´elgEl,gkUnXøI GnuruT§kumarRTg´braC&yedaynM ehIy bBa¢Ún ( mnusß ) eTAedIm,IRtÚvkarnM . RKaena¼ RB¼matarbs´elak RTg´cat´EcgnMbBa¢ÚneTA . kßRtTaMgLayesayehIy RTg´elg


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

-306-

eTot . RB¼GnuruT§ena¼ÉgCacMENkcaj´erOy@ eTA . cMENk RB¼matakalRB¼GnuruT§bBa¢ÚnmnusßeTAehIyeTAeTot k¾bBa¢ÚnnM eTAGs´ 3 dg kñúgvar£TI 4 pþaMeTAfa ²nMminman³ RB¼kumarRTg´ sm:al´fa ²nMen¼nwgCanMEbøkmYyRbePT³ eRBa¼RTg´minFøab´án| Baküfa ²minman³ k¾bBa¢ÚnmnusßeTAfa ²cUrnaMnMminmanena¼mk cu¼³ . cMENkRB¼matarbs´RB¼GnuruT§ ²bBiRtRB¼nagm©as´

kalGñkbeRmITUlfa

sUmRB¼nagm©as´RbTannMminmanena¼mk³

eTIbRTg´RB¼tRmi¼fa ²kUnrbs´eyIgminFøab´án|Baküfa ( minman ) }LÚven¼ eyIgnwg[dwgnUvesckIþena¼eday«áyen¼³ eTIbRTg´ RKbfasmasTeT edayfasmasdéTehIybBa¢ÚneTA . BYkeTvtaEdlEfrkßaRB¼nKrena¼Kitfa RB¼GnuruT§skü£ ánfVayPtþEdlCacMENkxøÜn «bridæ£

cMeBa¼RB¼bec©kBuT§RB¼namfa

kñúgkalEdlxøÜnCaGnñPar£ RTg´eFVIesckIþRáfñaTukfa


-307-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

( sUmkuM[¹RB¼ Gg:ánsþab´nUvBaküfa ( minman ) kuMs:al´TI ekIténePaK£/ ebIRB¼GnuruT§en¼nwgRTg´eXIjfasTeTesat/ BYk eyIgk¾nwgmináncUleTAkan´eTvsmaKm/

TaMgsirsarbs´BYk

eyIgk¾nwgEbkCa 7 cMerok/ eBlena¼ k¾áneFVIfasena¼[eBj edaynMTiBV

lu¼GñkbeRmIdak´fasena¼cu¼Rtg´TIlanelgEl,g

kUnXøIehIyebIkKRmbPøam køinnMpßayTUeTAeBjRB¼nKr . RKan´ EtkßRtTaMg 6 Gg:ena¼ dak´cMNitena¼nMcUleTAkñúgRB¼{sæPøam k¾pßayTUeTAeBjRbsaT sRmab´TTYlrsTaMg 7 Ban´ . RB¼kumarena¼RTg´RB¼tRmi¼fa ²eyIgRbEhlminCaTIRsLaj´rbs´RB¼mataehIyemIleTA eTIbRB¼mataminRTg´eFVInMmin manen¼RbTandl´eyIgrhUtGs´evlaRbmaNbu¨eNѼ/ cab´taMg BIen¼eTA eyIgnwgminsuInMdéT³ dUecñ¼ehIy esþcyageTAkan´ dMNak´ TUlsYrRB¼matafa ²bBiRtRB¼mata ¹RB¼Gg:CaTIRsLaj´rbs´RB¼mata ¦k¾minCaTIRsLaj´eT³ ?


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

m¿ En+ kUn

-308-

kUnÉgrEmgCaTIRsLaj´y¨agéRkElgrbs´

RB¼mata dUcdYgEPñkrbs´GñkEdlmanEtEPñkmçag nigdUcdYgcitþ rbs´RB¼mata dUecña¼ . G¿ kalebIdUecña¼ eRBa¼ehtudUcemþc eTIbRB¼mataminRTg´ eFVInMminmanRbTan[dl´TUlRB¼bg:MCa¹ rhUtGs´kalmanRbmaNbu¨eNѼ . RB¼nagsaksYrmhatlikEdlsñiT§sñalfa ²nMGVI@ man enAkñúgfas¦³ ? mhatlikTUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼nagm©as´ fas eBjeTAedaynM/ nMEbben¼TUlbg:Mk¾minFøab´áneXIjEdr³ . RB¼ nagRTg´RB¼tRmi¼fa ²buRtrbs´eyIgnwgCaGñkmanbuNü manGPinIharáneFVITukehIy/ ehIybBa¢ÚneTA .

eTvtaTaMgLaynwgdak´nM[eBjfas

lMdab´ena¼

²bBiRtRB¼matacab´taMgBIéf¶en¼eTA

eTIbRB¼{rsTUlRB¼matafa buRtnwgminesaynMdéTeT/

sUmRB¼mataKb,IeFVInMminmanEtmü¨ag[dl´¡¹³ . cab´taMgBIena¼


-309-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

mksUm,IRB¼nag

kalRB¼kumarena¼TUlfa ²buRtRtÚvkaresay

nM³ k¾RTg´RKbfasTeTena¼ÉgedayfasdéT bBa¢ÚneTARbTan dl´kumarena¼ .

eTvtaTaMgLaybBa¢ÚnnMTiBVfVayRB¼kumarena¼

rhUtEdlelakenACaXravas .

skü£TaMgBIrsnÞnaKñaGMBIerOgbYs nig kargar RB¼kumarena¼

kalminRTg´RCabsUm,IBakümanRbmaN

bu¨eNѼ nwgRTg´RCabdl´karbYsány¨agNa ? eRBa¼dUecña¼ eTIb RB¼GnuruT§TUlsYrRB¼eCdæafa ²karbYsen¼etIdUcemþc³ ? kalRB¼ mhanamRtas´fa

²GñkbYsRtÚvekarsk´

nigBukmat´

Bukcg;a

RtÚvesøókdNþb´sMBt´kasay£ RtÚvedkelIkRmalsøwkeQI ¦ elIERKEdlRkgedayepþA Rtac´biNÐát en¼eQμa¼fakarbYs³ eTIbTUlfa ²bBiRtm©as´bg ¹CasuxumalCati/ ¹minGacbYs áneT³ . RB¼mhanamRtas´fa ²En+bðÚn ebIdUecña¼ bðÚnÉgcUreron kargarrbs´Xravascu¼ bNþaeyIgTaMgBIrnak´ RbsinebIminman


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

-310-

nrNamñak´bYsminsmKYresa¼eLIy³ . xN£ena¼ GnuruT§kumarTUlsYrRB¼m©as´bgfa ²EdleQμa¼ fakargarena¼ etIdUcemþcEdr ? kulbuRtEdlmindwgsUm,ITIekIt énPtþ nwgeFVIkargarány¨agNa ?

skü£TaMg 3 snÞnaKñaGMBITIekIténPtþ éf¶mYy karsnÞnaKñaánekIteLIgdl´skü£TaMg 3 RB¼ Gg:fa ²PtþekItGMBIeLIgTINa ?³ kim<ilkumareqøIyfa ²ekIteLIg kñúgCRgúk RKaena¼ PTÞiykumarRtas´CMTas´kim<ilkumarfa ²Gñkmin Tan´RCabTIekIténPtþeT/

EdleQμa¼faPtþ

rEmgekIteLIgGMBI

qñaMgáy³ . GnuruT§kumarRtas´CMTas´fa ²sUm,IGñkTaMgBIrk¾minTan´ RTg´RCabEdr FmμtaPtþrEmgekIteLIgGMBIfasmasRbmaN 1 htSkþab´ . án|mkfa bNþakßRtTaMg 3 Gg:ena¼ éf¶mYy km<ilkumarRTg´eXIjeKCBa¢ÚnRsÚvecjGMBICRgúk k¾yl´kñúgRB¼T&y


-311-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

fa ²RsÚvTaMgen¼ekIteLIgGMBICRgúkena¼Ég³ . cENkRB¼PTÞiykumar éf¶mYy RTg´eXIjeKdYsPtþecj GMBIqñaMgáy k¾yl´fa ²PtþekIteLIgGMBIqñaMgáyena¼Ég³ . cMENkGnuruT§kumar RTg´minEdleXIjGñkKrRsÚv GñkdaM áy ¦GñkdYsáyGVITaMgGs´/ RTg´eXIjEtáyEdleKdYs ehIytm;l´TukcMeBa¼RB¼P®kþb¨ueNÑa¼ . eTIbRB¼Gg:RTg´yl´fa ²PtþekIteLIgGMBIfas kñúgevlaEdlRtÚvkarbriePaK³ kßRtTaMg 3 RB¼Gg:ena¼ rEmgminRTg´RCabsUm,ITIekIténPtþ edayRbkar y¨agen¼ . eRBa¼ehtudUecña¼ GnuruT§kumaren¼ k¾TUlsYrfa ²Edl eQμa¼fakargarena¼ etIdUcemþc ? lu¼ánRTg´sþab´kic©kar Edl XravasnwgKb,IeFVIRbcaMqñaM manCaGaT#fa ²dMbUgRtÚvP¢ÜrERs³ eTIb Rtas´fa ²TIbMputénkargarTaMgLaynwgRákdenAeBlNa/ kal Na eTIb¹nwgmankarxVl´xVaytic eRbIRás´ePaK£áneTA³ kal RB¼mhanamRtas´Ráb´karminmanTIbMput

énkargarTaMgLay


ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

-312-

ehIy TUlfa ebIy¨agena¼ ²sUmm©as´bg RTg´RKb´RKgXravas cu¼ ¹minRtÚvkarPaBCaXravasena¼eT³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾cUleTA TUlmatafa ²bBiRtRB¼mata sUmRB¼mataGnuBaØat[¹cu¼ ¹nwg bYs³ kalRB¼nagRTg´hamdl´ 3 dg Rtas´fa ²ebIRB¼PTÞiy£ EdlCasmøaj´rbs´kUnnwgbYsesat/ kUncUrbYsCamYynwgRB¼ Gg:cu¼³ eTIbcUleTArkRB¼PTÞiy£ena¼ehIy TUlfa ²mñalsmøaj´ karbYsrbs´¹Cab´Tak´nwgsmøaj´Ég dUecñ¼ehIy ánjúaMgRB¼ PTÞiy£ena¼[yl´RBmedayRbkarepßg @ . kñúgéf¶TI 7 RTg´ TTYlebþCJaedIm,IbYsCamYynwgRB¼PTÞiy£ .

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-313-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

esþcyageTAkan´RB¼«Tüan dl´EdnénkßRtGg:déTehIy RTg´ bBa¢ÚnkgT&BTaMgGs´[RtLb´eTAedayRB¼raCGaCJa esþcyag cUleTAkan´EdnénkßRtGg:déT

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-314-

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-315-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

karRbkan´xøÜnrbs´¹RB¼Gg:TaMgLay y¨agen¼³ dUecñ¼ehIy

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

-316-

²RB¼sasþaRTg´Kg´enATINa ? RB¼sarIbutþetSrenATINa ? RB¼mhaemaK:løanetSrenATINa ? RB¼mhaksßbenATINa ? RB¼PTÞiyetSrenATINa ? RB¼GnuT§etSrenATINa ? RB¼GannÞetSrenA TINa ? RB¼PK:úetSrenATINa ? RB¼km<iletSrenATINa ? dUecñ¼ ehIy edIrrkemIlTIGg:úyrbs´RB¼GsItimhasavk . Edl eQμa¼famanGñksYrfa ²RB¼eTvTtþetSrKg´ ¦QrenATINa³ ? dUecñ¼rEmgminman RB¼eTvTtþena¼k¾Kitfa eyIgbYsRBmCamYy nwgskü£TaMgen¼Edr . skü£TaMgen¼CaxtþiybBVCit . sUm,I eyIgk¾CaxtþiybBVCitEdr . BYkmnusßmanédkan´laP nigsk;ar£ EsVgrkelakTaMgen¼/

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-317-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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Rtas´bBa¢a[eFVIbkasnIykmμ (2) -319-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

kñúgRkúgraCRKw¼dl´elakehIy/ eTvTtþKitfa ²}LÚveyIgRtÚvRB¼ smNeKatmkm©at´ehIy/ }LÚven¼ eyIgnwgeFVIesckIþvinas[ dl´RB¼smNeKatm³ dUecñ¼ehIy k¾cUleTAKal´RB¼raCkumar GCatstþú TUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼kumar kalmunmnusßTaMgLay manGayuEvg/ Et}LÚven¼mnusßmanGayuxøI/ k¾karEdlRB¼Gg: Kb,IesayTivg:ttaMgBIenACaRB¼kumarena¼

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smøab´eday«áysUm,IEbben¼

-320-

k¾júaMgRB¼áTGCatstþú[

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

bg´CIvitedIm,IRbeyaCn_tfaKtehIyEdr³ kalPikçúTaMgLayTUl GaraFnaehIy

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-322-

dl´elakEdlCaGñk

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Pikçúena¼cUrmkCamYynwgeyIg³

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kmμTaMgena¼CnBaleFVIánedaygay kmμNa


CaRbeyaCn_pg lðpg kmμena¼Ég CnBaleFVIán edaylMáky¨agéRkElg . RTg´bnøWRB¼«Tanen¼eTotfa ½ -325-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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nig}T§iádihariy_pg

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ánRtas´Catken¼fa ½

²esckIþceRmIn Etgmandl´BYkGñkmansIlTaMgLay GñkRbRBwtþbdisNæar£ nagcUremIlRmwK eQμa¼lkçN£ kMBugedIrmkEdlmanBYkjatiEh hm nageXIjRmwKeQμa¼kaL£ EdlsabsUnü cakBYkjati

(1)

lkçNCatk

kMBugedIrmk¦eT³ (1) .


dUecñ¼CaedIm/ kalBYkPikçúRkabTUleTotfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg: d¾ceRmIn án|fa RB¼eTvTtþ[RB¼savkTaMgBIrGg:Kg´kñúgxag TaMgBIrehIy

eBalfa

eyIgnwgsEmþgFm’edayBuT§lIla/ eFVI

Gakb,kiriyatamRB¼Gg:³ RTg´Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay min ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

EmnEt}LÚvbu¨eNÑa¼eT/

sUm,IkalmuneTvTtþen¼

-328-

k¾BüayameFVI

tamkiriyarbs´tfaKtEdr EtminGac³ dUecñ¼ehIy RTg´Rtas´ nTIcrkakCatk (1) fa ½ En+ EkðkTwkeQμa¼vIrk£ GñkeXIjstVsøabEdleBal BaküBIera¼

manpñÜt´kdUcCapñÜt´kének¶ak

CaEkðkeKak

eQμa¼ svidæk£ CabIþrbs´¹Edr¦ . Ekðksvidæk£ kareFVItamstVsøab GñkRtac´eTAkñúgTwk nigelIeKak

ánbriePaKRtIRss´Canic©ena¼

sarayBn§BT§søab´eTAehIy .

(1)

vIrkCatk

RtÚv


dUecñ¼CaedIm . sUm,Iéf¶déT@eTot RB¼smμasm<úT§ k¾RTg…´ RárB§kfadUecñ¼Edr Rtas´CatkTaMgT,ayCaedImy¨agen¼fa ½ ²mñales¼eQμa¼ xTirvniy£d¾ceRmInGMEbgk,alEbk edaykarRbharEtmþg B§d¾edImeQINa edImen¼man -329-

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

søwklðitRbkbedaybnøa etICaeQIeQμa¼GVI³. ²xYrk,alrbs´GñkFøayecjpg llad¾k,alrbs´ GñkEbkFøaypg

qðwgCMnIrTaMgGs´rbs´GñkdMrIbMák´

ehIypg kñúgéf¶en¼ GñkenArugerOgGVIeTot³ . RTg´RárB§kfafa ²RB¼eTvTtþCamnusßGktBaØÚ eTIbRTg´ Rtas´CatkTaMgLaymanCaGaT#eTotfa ½ ²kmøaMgrbs´eyIgmanehIy eyIgeFVIkic©dl´Gñktam kmøaMgena¼

bBiRtmiKraC

¹sUmRkabfVaybg:MGñk

eyIgRtÚvánsac´bnþicbnþÜcxø¼³ . GñkcUleTAtamcenøa¼éneFμjrbs´¹ EdlCaGñksuI


( sac´ ) nigQam eFVInUvGMeBIGaRkk´TaMgLayCanic© rs´enAedaysac´Na sac´ena¼ maneRcIn³ . RTg´RárB§karBüayamedIm,Inwgsmøab´ ( RB¼Gg: ) rbs´ RB¼eTvTtþena¼eTot Rtas´CatkTaMgLaymanCaGaT#fa ½ FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-330-

²mñaledImcm,k´TaMgLay GñkCRmú¼Epømkedayehtu Na ehtuena¼GjCaGñkeRbIándwgehIy GjnwgeTA kan´edImcm,k´ÉeTot

Epørbs´GñkGjmineBjcitþeT³ (1)

. kalenARbRBwtþeTAeTotfa

²RB¼eTvTtþsabsUnüehIy

cakQan 2 Rbkar KW caklaP nigsk;ar£ 1 Rbkar cak samBaØpl 1 Rbkar³ RB¼manRB¼PaKRtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMg Lay

(1)

minEmnEt}LÚven¼bu¨eNÑa¼eT/

kurug:miKCatk

(2)

«PetaPdæCatk

sUm,IkñúgkalmuneTvTtþ


k¾sabsUnüehIyEdr

.

dUecñ¼ehIy

Rtas´CatkTaMgLay

CaedImfa ½ ²EPñkTaMgLayEbkFøayehIy sMBt´át´ehIy kar eQøa¼k¾mankñúgpÞ¼én®sþICasmøaj´ kargarTaMgLay xUcTaMgsgxag KWkñúgTwkpg elIeKakpg³ (2) . RB¼sasþa kalKg´enAkñúgRkúgraCRKw¼ RTg´RárB§eTvTtþ -331-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

Rtas´CatkCaeRcInedayRbkary¨agena¼ehIy

esþcyagecj

cakRkúgraCRKw¼eTAkan´RkúgsavtSI RTg´Kg´enAkñúgvtþeCtBnmha vihar .

RB¼eTvTtþ[savknaMeTAKal´RB¼sasþa cMENkeTvTtþmanCm¶WGs´ 9 Ex/ kñúgkalCacugeRkay RáfñanwgKal´RB¼sasþa eTIbRáb´BYksavkrbs´xøÜnfa ²eyIg RáfñanwgKal´RB¼sasþa GñkTaMgLaycUrsEmþgRB¼sasþaena¼


dl´eyIgcu¼³

kalsavkTaMgena¼eqøIyfa

kñúgkalEdlelak

enACaGñkGac ánRbRBwtþCaGñkmaneBornwgRB¼sasþa/ ¹m©as´ TaMgLaynwgminnaMelakeTAkan´smñak´RB¼sasþaeT³ eTIbeBal fa ²elakTaMgLaykuM[eyIgvinaseLIy eyIgáncgGaXat kñúgRB¼sasþaehIyEmn/ bu¨Enþfa RB¼sasþamincgKMnuMcMeBa¼eyIg sUm,IRbmaNbu¨ncugsk´eT³ BitNas´ RB¼manRB¼PaKena¼ ½ RTg´manRB¼T&yd¾esμIkñúgbuK:lTUeTA KWkñúgnayxμan´ FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

FñÚ

kñúgeTvTtþ

kñúgecarGg:úlImal_

-332-

kñúgdMrIFnál

nigkñúgRB¼rahul . eRBa¼dUecña¼ eTIbeTvTtþGgVrehIyGgVreTotfa ²sUmelak TaMgLay cUrsEmþgRB¼manRB¼PaKdl´eyIg³ . eBlena¼ eTIb savkTaMgena¼naMeTvTtþena¼ecjeTAedayERKtUc PikçúTaMgLay án|dMNwgfa ²eTvTtþmk eTIbRkabTUlRB¼sasþafa bBiRt RB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn án|dMNwgfa eTvTtþmkKal´RB¼Gg:³ . RB¼


sasþaRtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay eTvTtþena¼nwgmináneXIj tfaKtedayGtþPaBen¼eT³ eXIjRB¼BuT§eTot

.

án|fa

BYkPikçúrEmgminán

cab´edImBIkalEdlxøÜnsUmvtSú

sPav£en¼rEmgCaFmμta/

BYkPikçúRkabTUlfa

5

Rbkar/

²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾

ceRmIn eTvTtþmkdl´TIÉeNa¼ nigTIÉeNa¼ehIy³ . s¿ eTvTtþcUreFVIGMeBIÉNaEdlxøÜnRáfñacu¼/ ( Ety¨agNa k¾eday ) eTvTtþk¾minGaceXIjtfaKtáneLIy . -333-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

P¿

bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn

eTvTtþmkdl´TIRbmaN 1

eyaCn_GMBITIen¼ehIy/ ( ehIyTUlt@eTAeTotfa ) bBiRtRB¼Gg: d¾ceRmIn enAsl´knø¼eyaCn_eTotmkdl´ehIy/ bBiRtRB¼Gg: d¾ceRmIn enAsl´mYyKavuteTotmkdl´ehIy/ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ ceRmIn mkdl´TICitRs¼eákçrNIEk,rvtþeCtBnehIy . s¿ sUm,IeTvTtþnwgcUlmkxagkñúgvtþeCtBnk¾eday/ eK k¾nwgmináneXIjtfaKtEdr .


RB¼eTvTtþRtÚvFrNIRsÚb BYksavknaMRB¼eTvTtþmkehIy eákçrNIEk,rvtþeCtBnehIy

dak´ERKenAelIRs¼

k¾cu¼eTAedIm,IgUtTwkkñúgRs¼-

eákçrNIena¼ . sUm,IRB¼eTvTtþ k¾eRkakeLIgGMBIERKehIyGg:úydak´eCIg TaMgBIrelIEpndI

eCIgTaMgBIrena¼k¾liccu¼eTAkñúgEpndI

liccu¼eTAkñúgEpndIehIyedaylMdab´

elak

KWRtwmkeCIg/ RtwmCg:g´/

FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-334-

Rtwmceg;¼/ Rtwmeda¼/ rhUtdl´Rtwmk/ kñúgeBlEdlcg;ataMgenA elIEpndI áneBalKafaen¼fa ½ ¹RB¼Gg:sUmdl´RB¼BuT§Gg:ena¼ CabuK:ld¾RbesIr CaeTvtaknøgbg´nUveTvta CasarfI CaGñkTUnμannUv nrCn

manRB¼ckçúedayCuMvij

manRB¼lkçN£

( mYy@ ) ekItedaybuNüTaMgryfaCaTIBwg eday qðwgTaMgen¼ RBmTaMgCIvit .


án|fa ²RB¼tfaKtRTg´eXIjnUvehtuen¼ eTIbGnuBaØat [eTvTtþbYs . RbsinebI RB¼eTvTtþena¼minánbYseT/ enACa RKhsSvijnwgeFVIkmμd¾F¶n´/

nwgminGaceFVIbc©&yénPBteTAán/

lu¼bYsehIynwgeFVIkmμd¾F¶n´k¾BitEmn/ bu¨Enþ GaceFVIbc©&yénPB teTAán³ eRBa¼ehtudUecña¼ RB¼sasþak¾GnuBaØat[elakbYs .

RB¼eTvTtþekItkñúgGvIciRtÚvq;agedaylMEBgEdk BitNas´ eTvTtþena¼ nwgánCaRB¼bec©kBuT§ nam fa -335-

Gdæisßr£

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

kñúgTIbMputmYyEsnkb,rab´BIPTÞkb,en¼eTA

eTvTtþ

ena¼liccUleTAkñúgEpndIehIy ekItkñúgGvIcimmhanrk . ehIy elakCaGñkkeRmIkminán RtÚvePIøgeq¼ eRBa¼CaGñkRbTUsþcMeBa¼ RB¼BuT§Gñkminjab´j&r . srIr£rbs´elakkMBs´RbmaN 100 eyaCn_ ekItkñúgGvIciEdlmanTMhMRbmaN 300 eyaCn_/ k,al s‘kcUleTAkan´EpnEdkxagelIrhUtdl´Kum<Rtecok/ eCIgTaMgBIr liccu¼eTAkñúgEpndIEdkxageRkamrhUtdl´keCIg/ lMEBgEdkman


RbmaNbu¨nedImetñatxñatFM/ ecjGMBICBa¢aMgxageRkay cak´Rtg´ kNþalxñg Føú¼ecjmktamRTÚgkb´eTAnwgCBa¢aMgxagmux/ lMEBg mYyeTotecjBICBa¢aMgxagsþaM

cak´TMlaynUvcMehogxagsþaM

Føú¼ecjeTAxageqVgcUleTAkan´CBa¢aMgxageqVg . lMEBgmYyeTot ecjGMBIek,ÓgxagelI cak´TMlaynUvk,alecjeTAtamcMENk xageRkam kb´cUleTAkan´EpndICavikarénEdk/ eTvTtþena¼keRmIk minán EdlePIøgeq¼kñúgGvIciena¼eday Rbkary¨agen¼ . FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-336-

PikçúTaMgLaysnÞnaKñafa ²eTvTtþmkkan´TIRbmaNbu¨eNѼ minTan´ánKal´RB¼sasþapg k¾liccUleTAkan´EpndI³ . RB¼sasþaRtas´fa tfaKtehIy

²mñalPikçúTaMgLay

eTvTtþRbRBwtþxuscMeBa¼

liccUleTAkan´EpndIkñúgkal}LÚven¼bu¨eNÑa¼k¾

eT sUm,Ikñúgkalmun elakk¾liccu¼ehIypgEdr³ edIm,InwgRTg´ sEmþgnUvPav£éneTvTtþena¼CaGñkvegVgpøÚv

EdlRB¼Gg:lYm

elam[FUrcitþ ehIyelIkeLIgdak´elIxñgrbs´RB¼Gg:ehIy[


dl´TIekßm

ehIyRtLb´mkkat´PøúkTaMgLaydl´eTA

3

dg

y¨agen¼ KWxagcug kNþal nigKl´ kñúgvar£TI 3 kalQan knøgputckçúrbs´mhabursehIy

k¾liccUleTAkñúgEpndI

kñúg

kalEdlRB¼Gg:CaesþcdMrI eTIbRtas´Catk (1) en¼CaedImfa ½ RbsinebIeK[EpndITaMgmUldl´bursGktBaØÚ Ca GñkeXIjeTasCanic© k¾minKb,IjúaMgbursGktBaØÚ -337-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

ena¼[eRtkGráneLIy . kalkfataMgeLIgehIydUecña¼eTot

k¾RTg´Rtas´xnþivaTI

CatkedIm,IRTg´sEmþgdl´karEdleTvTtþena¼ CaRB¼áTklaBu RbRBwtþxuscMeBa¼RB¼Gg: EdlCaxnþivaTItabs ehIyliccUleTA kan´EpndI nigculøFmμálCatkedIm,IRTg´sEmþgkarEdleTvTtþ ena¼ CaRB¼áTmhabtab£ RbRBwtþxuscMeBa¼RB¼Gg:kalEdl enACaFmμál ehIyliccUleTAkan´EpndI lu¼eTvTtþliccUl

(1)

sIlvnaKCatk


eTAkan´EpndIehIy/ mhaCnk¾rIkrayeRtkGr júaMgKñanigKña[ elIkeLIgnUvTg´C&y nigTg´bdaRBmTaMgedImeckTaMgLaytm;l´ qñaMgTwkEdleBjehIy elgnUvmehaRsBd¾FM edayRárB§fa ²CalaPrbs´BYkeyIgehIyhñ+³ . BYkPikçúRkabTUlesckIþena¼ dl´RB¼manRB¼PaK RB¼manRB¼PaKRTg´Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMg Lay kaleTvTtþsøab´ehIy

mhaCnrIkrayeRtkGrminEmn

Etkñúgkal}LÚven¼bu¨eNÑa¼eT/ sUm,Ikñúgkalmun k¾rIkrayeRtkGr FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-338-

ehIyEdr³ . edIm,InwgRTg´sEmþgkarEdlmhaCnCaGñkeRtkGr kñúgkalEdlRB¼raCaRB¼namfa

big:l£

kñúgnKrBaraNsId¾

kacGaRkk´ minCaTIRsLaj´énCnTUeTAesayTivg:tehIy eTIb Rtas´big:lCatken¼CaedImfa ½ ²CnTaMgGs´ RtÚvesþcbig:l£ebotebonehIy kal esþcena¼esayTivg:tehIy CnTaMgLay rEmgán nUvesckIþeRtkGr mñalTVarál

esþcGkNHenRt


CaTIRsLaj´rbs´Gñk¦ eRBa¼ehtuGVIánCaGñkyM . TVarálburseBalfa ½ ²RB¼raCa manRB¼enRtminexμA minEmnCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´¹eT ¹xøacesþcena¼RtLb´mkvij ( eRBa¼esþc ena¼ ) eTAGMBImnusßelaken¼ Kb,IebotebonnUvmc©úraC

mc©úraCena¼

ERkgRtÚvesþcbig:l£ebotebon

ehIy Kb,InaMmkTukkñúgmnusßelaken¼vij .

GñkeFVIábrEmgekþARkhaykñúgelakTaMgBIr PikçúTaMgLay TUlsYrRB¼sasþafa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾cMerIn }LÚven¼

eTvTtþekItenAkñúgTINa ?³

RB¼sasþaRTg´Rtas´fa

²mñalPikçúTaMgLay eTvTtþekItkñúgGvIcimhanrk³ PikçúTaMgena¼ RkabTUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn RB¼eTvTtþekþARkhaykñúg elaken¼ehIy eTAekItkñúgTIekþARkhaydEdleTot¦ ? RB¼sasþa RTg´Rtas´fa ²mñalPikçúTaMgLay y¨agena¼ ehIy k¾CnTaMgLay eTa¼bICabBVCitkIþ CaRKhsSkIþ manRbRktI


rs´enAedayesckIþRbmaT rEmgekþARkhaykñúgelakTaMgBIrBit Rákd³ dUecñ¼ehIy Rtas´RB¼Kafaen¼fa ½

12 }F tb,ti ebc© tb,ti ábkarI «PytS tb,ti ábM em ktnþi tb,ti Pieyüa tb,ti TuK:tw teta . buK:lGñkeFVIGMeBIáb

EtgekþARkhay

kñúgelak

TaMgBIr KWekþARkhaykñúgelaken¼ 1 ekþARkhay kñúgelakxagmux 1 buK:lena¼ rEmgekþARkhay FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-340-

edayKiteXIjfa ábGjáneFVIehIy lu¼mrNkaleTAkan´TuK:ti k¾rwgrwtEtekþARkhayd¾éRkElg .

GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ BIrbTfa }F tb,ti esckþIfa rEmg ekþARkhaykñúgelaken¼ edayehtuRtwmEteTamnsß edaykar ekþARkhayeRBa¼kmμ .


bTfa ebc© esckIþfa kñúgelakxagmux rEmgekþARkhay eRBa¼Tukçd¾y¨agéRkElg edaykarekþARkhayeRBa¼viák . bTfa ábkarI esckþIfa GñkeFVIábmanRbkarepßg@ . bTfa «PytS esckþIfa eQμa¼fa rEmgekþARkhaykñúg elakTaMgBIr edaykarekþARkhaymanRbkardUceBalmkehIy en¼ . BIrbTfa ábM em esckþIfa k¾GñkmanRbRktIeFVIábena¼ kalekþARkhay edaykarekþARkhayeRBa¼kmμ eQμa¼fa rEmg -341-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgRB¼eTvTtþ

ekþARkhay edayKitfa ²kmμGaRkk´eyIgeFVIehIy³ esckþIekþA Rkhayena¼manRbmaNtictYceT/ bu¨EnþkalrekþARkhayeRBa¼ viák eTAkan´TuK:tiehIy rEmgekþARkhayy¨agéRkElg KWrEmg ekþARkhayd¾elIslb´ edaykarekþARkhayd¾GaRkk´éRkElg .


kñúgkalcb´Kafa CnCaeRcIn ánCaRB¼GriybuK:l man RB¼esatbnñCaedIm

eTsnaánCakfamanRbeyaCn_dl´mha

Cn edayRbkardUecñ¼ >€

( erORB¼eTvTtþ cb´ )

ros

13 erOgnagsumnaeTvI

esckþIxagedIm


RB¼sasþa

kalKg´enAkñúgvtþeCtBn

RTg´RárB§nag

sumnaeTvI Rtas´RB¼FmμeTsnaen¼fa ²}F nnÞti ebc© nnÞti³ CaedIm .

Gb´rMkUnecA[TTYlnaTIrbs´xøÜn esckþIBisþarfa Pikçú 2 Ban´Gg: rEmgqan´kñúgpÞ¼rbs´ GnafbiNÐikesdæIkñúgRkúgsavtSIral´@éf¶/ kñúgpÞ¼rbs´nagvisaxa mha«ásikak¾dUecña¼Edr . k¾buK:lNa@ kñúgRkúgsavtSIRáfña [nUvTan/ buK:lena¼@ lu¼RtaEtán{kasGMBIelakTaMg 2 ena¼ sinehIy eTIbeFVIán . sYrfa ²eRBa¼ehtuGVI³ ? eqøIyfa ²eRBa¼GñkdéT@ sYrfa ²GnafbiNÐikesdæI ¦nag visaxamkkan´eragTanrbs´elakehIy¦³ kalm©as´TaneqøIy -343-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsumnaeTvI

fa ²minánmkeT³ rEmgti¼edolsUm,InUvTanEdleKl¼bg´RTBü TaMgEsnehIyeFVIfa ²Tanhñwg eQμa¼faCaTanGVI³ ? eRBa¼elak


TaMg 2 ena¼ rEmgdwgnUvkareBjcitþrbs´Pikçú nigkic©d¾smKYrdl´ PikçúsgÇ kalelakTaMgBIrena¼enA BYkPikçúrEmgqan´nUvvtSúd¾smKYrdl´citþBit . eRBa¼ehtuena¼

buK:lTaMgLayNa

EdlCaGñkRáfña

edIm,IfVayTan k¾GeBa¢IjelakTaMg 2 ena¼eTA elakTaMg 2 ena¼ rEmgminánedIm,IGg:asPikçúTaMgLaykñúgpÞ¼rbs´xøÜn@ eRBa¼ehtu dUecña¼ nagvisaxakalBicarNaemIlfa ²nrNahñ+ nwgtaMgenA kñúgtMENgrbs´eyIgedIm,InwgGg:asPikçúsgdz ? eXIjFItarbs´ buRtehIy k¾taMgTukkñúgtMENgrbs´xøÜn . FItaena¼EtgEtGg:as PikçúsgÇkñúgpÞ¼rbs´nagvisaxaena¼ . sUm,IGnafbiNÐikesdæI k¾taMgTuknUvFItac,g eQμa¼mha suPTÞa/ k¾nagmhasuPTÞaena¼ eFVIkarxVl´xVaybeRmIPikçúTaMgLay FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

( nig ) sþab´Fm’ánCaesatabnñehIy sVamI .

-344-

áneTAkan´RtkUlrbs´


kñúgeBlena¼

GnafbiNÐikesdæI

k¾taMgnagculøsuPTÞa

( CMnYs ) sUm,InagculøsuPTÞaena¼k¾eFVIdUecña¼Edr CaRB¼esatabnñ ehIyk¾eTAkan´RtkUlénsVamI . lMdab´ena¼ GnafbiNÐikesdæI k¾taMgFItatUcbMput eQμa¼nagsumnaeTvI ( CMnYs ) .

nagsumanaQWehAbitafabðÚnRbús k¾nagsumnaeTvIena¼ sþab´Fm’ehIy ánseRmcskTaKamipl enACakumarikarsab´rsl´edayeraKmü¨ag kat´bg´nUv Gahar

manesckþIRáfñanwgeXIjbita

GnafbiNÐikesdæI

k¾[eKGeBa¢Ijbitamk

lu¼án|BakübNþaMrbs´FItakñúgeragTan

mYy k¾mkrkehIyniyayfa ²En nagsumna mankarGVI³ ? FIta ena¼eBaleTAkan´bitafa ²En bðÚnRbús³ KμankarGVIeT . b¿ En nag nagrevIrvay¦ ? -345-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsumnaeTvI

F¿ mñalbðÚnRbús ¹minrevIrvayeT . b¿ mñalnag nagP&y¦ ?


F¿ mñalbðÚnRbús ¹minP&yeT . RKan´Etnag sumnaeTvI eBalánRtwmEtb¨ueNѼk¾áneFVI kalkiriyaeTA .

elakesdæICabitayMeTATUlRB¼sasþa GnafbiNÐikesdæI sUm,ICaesatabnñ k¾minGacGt´sg;t´ nUvesckþIesakEdlekIteLIgehIykñúgFItaán

bBa¢a[eKbUCa

srIrsaksBrbs´FItaehIy yMeTAkan´smñak´RB¼sasþa kal

RB¼Gg:RTg´Rtas´sYrfa ²mñalKhbtI eRBa¼ehtudUcemþc eTIb GñkmanTukç xUccitþ manmuxTTwkeCakedayTwkEPñk TYjyMmk kan´smñak´tfaKt k¾RkabTUlfa ¡²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn nag sumnaeTvICaFItarbs´¹RB¼Gg: s¿ kalebIdUecña¼

eFVImrNkalehIy .

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

rEmgRbRBwtþeTAedaycMENkmYydl´sBVstVminEmn¦ ?

-346-


G¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ¹RB¼Gg:dwgnUvehtuena¼ehIy k¾b¨uEnþ FItarbs´¹RB¼Gg:dl´RBmehIyedayhri nig{tþb,Ebb en¼/ kñúgeBlCitsøab´nagminGacrkßaTuknUvstián søab´eTA edaykarrevIrvay

eRBa¼ehtuena¼eTamnsß

manRbmaNmin

ticekIteLIgdl´¹RB¼Gg: . s¿ mñalmhaesdæI k¾nagniyayBaküGVI ? G¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn ¹RB¼Gg:ehAnagfa En nag sumna manbBaHaGVI ? lMdab´ena¼ nagk¾eBalnwg¹RB¼Gg:fa GVI ? bðÚnRbús/ eBlena¼ kal¹RB¼Gg:eBalfa En+ nag nag revIrvay¦ ? nagk¾eqIøIyfa En+ bðÚnRbús ¹minrevIrvayeT/ kal ¹RB¼Gg:sYrfa En+ nag nagP&yxøac¦ ? nageqøIyfa En+ bðÚn Rbús ¹minP&yxøaceT RKan´EteBalánRbmaNb¨ueNѼ k¾eFVI kalkiriyaeTA . -347-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgsumnaeTvI


RKaena¼ RB¼manRB¼PaKRtas´nwgesdæIena¼fa ²mñalesdæI FItarbs´GñkminrevIrvayeT . GnafbiNÐikesdæIRkabTUlsYrfa

kalebIdUecña¼

eRBa¼

ehtuGVI eTIbnagniyayy¨agena¼ ? RB¼sasþaRtas´fa eRBa¼GñkbðÚnnagBit @ ( eTIbnag niyayy¨agena¼eTAkan´Gñk ) mñalKhbtI k¾FItarbs´GñkCaFM CagGñkedaymK:

nigpl

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eRBa¼GñkRtwmEtCaesatabnñ/

cMENkFItarbs´GñkCaskTaKamI/ eRBa¼nagCaFMedaymK: nig pl/ eTIbnageBaly¨agena¼eTAkan´Gñk . G¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn y¨agnu+¼BitEmn¦ ? s¿ mñalKhbtI y¨aghñwgÉg . G¿ bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn }LÚven¼ nagekItenATINa ? kalRB¼sasþa Rtas´fa ²mñalKhbtI kñúgPBtusit GnafbiNÐikesdæIk¾RkabTUlfa ²bBiRtRB¼Gg:d¾ceRmIn FItarbs´


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

-348-

¹RB¼Gg: ánnUvkarrIkray kñúgkNþalBYkjati kñúgelaken¼ sUm,IeTAGMBIelaken¼ k¾ekItkñúgTICaTIrIkrayeTot¦³ ?

GñkeFVIbuNürEmgrIkraykñúgelakTaMgBIr RKaena¼ RB¼sasþaRtas´nwgesdæIena¼fa ²mñalKhbtI y¨agena¼Ég³ FmμtaGñkminRbmaT eTa¼bICaRKhsSkþI CabBVCit kþI rEmgrIkraykñúgelaken¼pg kñúgelakxagmuxpgedayBit . dUecñ¼ehIy RTg´Rtas´RB¼Kafaen¼fa ½ 1

}F nnÞti ebc© nnÞti ktbueBaØa «PytS nnÞti buBaØM em ktnþi nnÞti Pieyüa nnÞti suKtw Keta . buK :lGñkeFVIbuNü rEmgeRtkGr kñúgelakTaMgBIr KWeRtkGrkñúgelaken¼ 1 eRtkGrkñúgelakxagmux 1 buK :lena¼rEmgeRtkGredayeXIjfa GjáneFVIehIy

buNü

lu¼eFVImrNkaleTAkan´suKti

k¾rwgrwtEteRtkGrd¾éRkElg .


GFib,ayKafa bNþabTTaMgena¼ bTfa }F esckþIfa rEmgrIkraykñúg elaken¼ edaykarrIkrayeRBa¼kmμ . bTfa ebc© esckþIfa rEmgrIkraykñúgelakxagmux eday

karrIkrayeRBa¼viák . bTfa ktbueBaØa KW GñkeFVIbuNümanRbkarepßg@ . bTfa «PytS esckþIfa rEmgrIkraykñúgelaken¼ eday

Kitfa ²kusleyIgáneFVITukehIy/ ábeyIgmináneFVI³ kal esayviák eQμa¼fa rEmgrIkraykñúgelakxagmux . BIrbTfa buBaØM em esckþIfa k¾kalrIkraykñúgelaken¼ eQμa¼fa

rEmgrIkrayGaRs&ykarrIkrayeRBa¼kmμ

eRBa¼ehtu

RtwmEtesamnsßb¨ueNÑa¼fa ²eyIgeFVIbuNüTukehIy³ . bTfa

Pieyüa

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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eRBa¼viák . kñúgkalcb´Kafa CnCaeRcIn ánCaGriybuK :l man esatabnñ CaedIm . RB¼FmμeTsna ánCaRbeyaCn_dl´mha CndUecñ¼Ég >€

( erOgsumnaeTvI cb´ )

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14 erOgPikçúCasmøaj´nwgKñaBIrrUb

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Rtas´RB¼FmμeTsnaen¼fa

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smøaj´BIrnak´ecjbYs esckIþBisþarfa kulbuRtBIrnak´/ GñkRkúgsavtSICasmøaj´ nwgKña eTAkan´viharsþab´RB¼Fm’eTsnarbs´RB¼sasþaehIy l¼ bg´kamTaMgLay

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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RB¼Gg:nwgbMeBjvibsßnaFur£[eBj³ dUecñ¼ehIy júaMgRB¼sasþa [Rtas´R áb´vibsßnarhUtdl´ RB¼Grhtþ/

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cUrRáb´RB¼efr£EdlCasmøaj´rbs´¹


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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgPikçúCasmøaj´BIrrUb

pgfa ²Gacarürbs´eyIg¹TaMgLaysUmfVaybg:Melak³ dUecñ¼ ehIybBa¢ÚneTA . PikçúTaMgena¼eTAkan´vihar fVaybg:MRB¼sasþa nigRB¼mhaefr£TaMg 80 Gg:ehIy eTAkan´smñak´RB¼KnSiketSr Ráb´fa

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bNþanikay

man


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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TIXnikayCaedIm nikayNamYy¦ ¦bNþabidk 3 bidkNa mYy¦ EdlBYkGñkánehIy ? dUecñ¼ehIy Kitfa smøaj´rbs´ eyIg rEmgmindwgKafasUm,IRbkbedaybT 4/ kan´yksMBt´cUl éRB

bYskñúgkalEdlxøÜnCamnusßcas´

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dl´em¨ø¼/ kñúgkalEdlelakmkeyIgKYrsYrbBaHasakemIl_ .

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-355-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgPikçúCasmøaj´BIrrUb

nUvbuRtrbs´tfaKt kñúgnrk³

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FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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RTg´Rtas´sYrbBaHacMeBa¼RB¼xINasvetSr . RB¼efr£k¾eqøIyán .

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-357-

ymkvK:vNÑna erOgPikçúCasmøaj´BIrrUb

RbFanPikçúRbmaN 500 Gg: RB¼Gg:minánRTg´eFVIsUm,IRtwmEt karsresIr³ .

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dUc dUecñ¼


FmμbTdækfa GdækfaxuTÞknikay KafaFmμbT

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Gb,m,i ec shitM Pasmaena Fmμsß ehati GnuFmμcarI raKBa© eTasBa© bhay emahM smμb,Caena suvimutþcietþa GnuáTiyaena }F va hurM va s PaKva samBaØsß ehati . ebInrCneBalBaküRbkbedayRbeyaCn_sUm,IeRcIn EtCaGñkRbmaTmineFVItamBaküena¼

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ymkvK:vNÑna erOgPikçúCasmøaj´BIrrUb

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minmanesckþI

Rbkan´maM kñúgelaken¼ nigelakxagmux nrCnena¼ rEmgCaGñkáncMENksamBaØpl .

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kñúgkalcb´Kafa mnusßCaeRcInánCaGriybuK:l man esatabnñCaedIm . eTsnamanRbeyaCn_dl´mhaCndUecñ¼Ég .

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YEAKMAKKVEAK  

សូមរីករាយ ទាញយកនិងរក្សាទុក ដើម្បីធ្វើជាធម្មទានតទៅ។ សូមអនុមោទនា!!.