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bkrN_viess eQµaH

visuT§imKÁ nig brmtßmBa¢ÚsamhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

eroberog nigsRmÜleday

])ask hay cMerIn nig ])ask Gwum ér:y:a éf¶ 15 ekIt Ex ktþik B>s 2548


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niTanvcn³ vísuT§imKÁ CabkrN_víessEdlRBHefr³ GñkRsúkCm<ÚTVIb maneQµaH e)aHsMeLgmYyrUb)anrcnaeLIg kalRBHBuT§sasnaknøgeTA)anRbmaN 1>000 qñaM enAekaHlgáaTVIb RBHefr³rUbenH KW RBHBuT§eXas³ Edlelak )anrcnaKm<IrTukCaeRcInkñúgbvrénRBHBuT§sasna Cakargard¾FMnigCamrtk rhUtmkdl;sBVéf¶ . karERbKm<IrRBHéRtbidk Gdækfa BIPasasIhL³mk CaPasa mKF³ b¤ Pasa)alI RBHBuT§eXas³)anRbmUlFm’kñúgRBHéRtbidk mksEmþgTukCaBYk ² taMgBI sIl smaFi nig bBaØa tamlMdab; Ékar eroberogCakarEtgsMNYr b¤ lMdab;énkareqøIysMNYrFm’kñúgbc©úb,nñ KW GFib,ayesckþIsegçb[Bisþar bTsMNYrrbs;vísuT§imKÁ eBaledayéRtsikça EdlCamatikaFMkñúgRBHBuT§sasna bTsMNYrTaMgGs; KWCaebHdUgénkar bdibtþiEtmü:ag eRBaHRBHBuT§eXas³)anGFib,ayedayvíciRtBisþar nigman reboberobry )anGagRBHBuT§vcn³CaGaKtsßanTukkñúgTIenaH ² TUeTA enH sEmþg[dwgfa elakmankardwgEbkFøaykñúgRBHéRtbidk GacelIkykFm’ EdleBaledaysIl mkrYbrYmTukkñúgBYksIl elIkykFm’EdlTak;TgCa mYysmaFi mkrYbrYmTukkñúgBYksmaFi elIkykFm’EdlTak;TgCamYybBaØa mkrYmTukCamYyBYkbBaØa edayEckCanieTÞs ² rYmTaMgGs;man 23 nieTÞs nig RbvtþiénkarEtgvísuT§imKÁ k¾)ankøayCakarRbLgedjedal eRBaHRBH efr³CaGñkRsúksIhL³ )anepþÍmbBaða[elakEtgCamun kalebIelakeFVI )anCaTIeBjcitþ nwgelIkKm<IrGdækfaPasasIhL³[elakERbCaPasa mKF³teTA RBHBuT§eXasacarü)aneFVIy:agrh½s nig l¥¥éRkElg CaTIeBj citþrbs;RBHefr³GñkRsúksIhL³TaMgBYg / dUecñaH Km<IrvísuT§imKÁenH CavíC¢a niBn§edIm,Isakl,gcMeNHdwgrbs;RBHBuT§eXas³GgÁenaHÉg.


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RBHFmµ)aletßr CaGñkrcnaKm<IrbrmtßmBa¢ÚsamhadÍka ´m©as; ¬ RBHFmµ)aletßr ¦ EdlRBHTadæanaKetßr CaGñkman sIl nig Gacar³dl;RBmehIy manbBaØaCaeRKÓgRTRTg; mankarRbRBwtþibrisuT§ man citþtaMgmaM GaraFnaehIy sUmfVayvnÞaRBHBuT§Cam©as; eRbóbdUcCaRBH GaTitü RTg;manRBHsT§mµdUcCaPYgrsµI RTg;km©at;ggwtKWemah³FMGs;ehIy RTg;júaMgBYkevenyüstVEdleRbóbdUcCapáaQUk [dwgvíess RTg;manRBH bBaØaKuNd¾víess dUcdYgRBHGaTitü manRBHvísuT§iKuN nig RBHkruNaKuN dUcCaBnøWGruNEdlminmanPaBesAhµg rHeLIgkñúgelak Kb,IbUCa / sUm fVayvnÞaRBHFm’EdlbMPøWdl;elak rugerOgedayrsµI KW RBHKuN nig sUm nmsáarRBHGriysgÇEdldUcCapáaQUkbrisuT§ehIy edayetC³énbuNü cMeBaHkarfVayvnÞaRBHrtnRt½y EdlekIteLIgehIyedayRbkarenaH ² sUm R)ascakGnþraykñúgTIRKb;sßan nwgGaRs½yburaNkfamKÁ edÍm,IBN’na xøwmsarénbkrN_víess eQµaHvísuT§imKÁEdlRbdab;edayn½y d¾brisuT§man lMdab;bTy:agl¥ EdlRBHGacarüBuT§eXas³)aneBaledIm,ICa])aykñúgkar seRmcPaBbrisuT§i EdlelakCa naf manRBHcriyabrisuT§ manhb£T½y EdlRBHkruNa[]sSah_ehIy RTg;)anseRmcehIysEmþgTuk min[xus BIlT§irbs;RBHefr³smñak;mhavíhar [brisuT§y:agl¥ minrat;ray man vínicä½yesckþId¾l¥it [brisuT§ nig Rbkbedayreboberobry . sUmsaFuCnTaMgLay taMgcitþsikSanUvxøwmsarénRBHvísuT§imKÁenaH Égrbs;´m©as; EdlR)afña[RBHsT§mµtaMgenAGs;kalyUr edayRbkar dUecñHcuH .


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GarmÖkfa ´RBHkruNa´)aT sUmnmsáar cMeBaHRBHrtnRt½y EdlCartn³ d¾]tþúg]tþmelIselak edayGvyv³d¾]tþmÖ KW t,Úg Gs;kalCanic©teTA>>. kareroberogeLIgnUv Km<IrvísuT§imKÁ EdlBnül;edaybrmtßmBa¢ÚsamhadIka ´)aT)anbkERbedayl¥ mkCa exmrPasa nig eroberogeTA tamlMdab;énmatikanImYy ² y:agp©ítp©g;bMput min[eXøógXøatBIc,ab;edIm edIm,ICaRbeyaCn_dl;kulbutþGñkRCHføakñúgRBHrtnRt½y nig CaBiessedIm,I CaRbeyaCn_dl;karsikSapgxøÜn . sUmsaFuCnTaMgLay EdlmancitþPkþI cMeBaHRBHrtnRt½y GnuemaTnanUvbuNürbs;´ EdlseRmcehIy edayRbkary:agenH . ´)aTsUm]TÞiskuslCUn matabitaCaRBHGrhnþbc©úb,nñ RBmTaMg GtItkalpg BYkjatikñúgsgSarvdþpg nig sBVstVkñúgéRtelakpg elakRKÚÚbNÐitTaMgBIr KW ³ elakRKÚ GKÁbNÐitFmµacarü bu‘t savgS pg elakRKÚ bNÐitFmµacarü rs; su supat pg EdlelakTaMgBIrCaGacarürbs;´ CaGñkmansIl mancriyabrisuT§ . ´)aTGaRs½yelakTaMgBIrehIy eTIb)ansikSanUvRBHFm’ rbs;RBH smµasm<úT§ kñúgbdíbTad¾Rtg;EtmYyKt; KI stib,dæan 4 RbRBwtþeTAedÍm,I vísuT§i KW RBHniBVan . )at;dMbg / éf¶ 15 ekIt Ex ktþik B>s 2548 ´RBHkruNa ´)aT hay cMerIn - Gwum ér:y:a


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klüaNmitþ man ]bkarKuN

kñúgkarERberoberog Km<IrvísuT§imKÁ enH - PikçúGKÁTienña - Pikçúsasn)aela - PikçúsIlfavera - ])ask - ])ask - ])ask - ])ask

nUv bUra: KuN b‘unnaf LÚj pløI sn m:arDI Lan suxm rwm saemt k¥at h‘n

]btßmÖkMuBüÚT½r . CYyBinitüGkçravíruT§ . CYyBinitüGkçavíruT§ . CYyBinitüGkçravíruT§ . CYybkERb . CYyBinitüGkçravíruT§ . RbFanRkúmERbGdækfa.

edayesckIþBüayamkñúgkic©karFmµTanenH ´)aTsUmmanbBaØa CMnajkñúgFm’rbs;RBHsmµasm<úT§ rYcputcakTukçTaMgBYg )andl;nUv RBHniBVan kMuERbeTACaRbkardéTeLIy . sUmsaFuCn ¡ EdlmancitþrIkray enAkñúgRBHFmµvín½y rbs; RBHsmµasm<úT§Cam©as; )annUv bIti )aemaC¢ suxekSmkSanþ terogeTA>>>> .

4


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matika matika 1> 2> 3> 4> 5> 6> 7> 8> 9> 10> 11> 12> 13> 14>

GtßénbBaðaBüakrN_ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> sIlnieTÞs>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> sMvr 5 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> lkçNaTictuk³rbs;sIl>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> GanisgSrbs;sIl >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> RbePTrbs;sIl >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> )atiemakçsMvrsIl >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Gacar - Gnacar >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> eKacr 3>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> \®nÞiysMvrsIl >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> bc©ysnñisSitsIl >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ehtu[sIlseRmcdl;RBm >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> sIlBYk 5 TI 1 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> sIlBYk 5 TI 2 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> PaBesAhµg nig pUrpg;énsIl >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> emfunsMeyaK 7>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> eTasénsIlvíbtþui>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

elxTMB½r 1 59 60 61 76 83 109 117 121 136 151 177 208 247 258 274 275 279


c

FutgÁnieTÞs matika

15> FutgÁnieTÞs >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> lkçNaTictuk³rbs;FutgÁ>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> GMBIkarsmaTanFutgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 16> bgSúkUlikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 17> etcIvrikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 18> biNÐ)atikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 19> sbTancarikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 20> ÉkasnikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 21> btþbiNÐikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 22> xlubcäaPtþikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 23> GarBaØikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 24> rukçmUlikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 25> GeBÖakasikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 26> esasanikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 27> yfasnßtikgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 28> ensC¢íkgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 29> bkiNÑkkfaTak;TgFutgÁ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

elxTMB½r 297 302 303 312 323 328 336 341 346 350 354 362 367 373 380 384 388


1 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

visuT§imKÁ nig

brmtßmBa¢ÚsamhadÍka nema tsS PKveta Grheta smµasm<úT§sS

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

BN’na GtßénbBaðaBüakrN_ { PikçúEdlCaGñkqøat manesckIþBüayam manbBaØaCaeRKÓgrkSaxøÜn taMgenAkñúgsIlehIy Gb;rMcitþ nig bBaØa Kb,IqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsHenH )an } BaküenHRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;Rtas;Tuk . ehtuGIV eTIbRTg;Rtas;BaküenHTuk ? )anB¤fa eTvbutþmYyGgÁ)ancUlKal;RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg;Kg;enA RkúgsavtIß kñúgmCÄimyam TUlsYrnUvbBaðaenH edIm,IedaHnUvkarsgS½yrbs; xøÜnfa { FmµCatimü:agEdlCaeRKÓgcak;ERsH TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA RbCaRtÚveRKÓgcak;ERsHenaHrYbrwtehIy bBiRtRBHeKatm eRBaHehtuenaH ´m©as;sUmTUlsYrRBHGgÁfa nrNaGacqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsHenH)an } .

karGtßaFib,ayénbBaðaenaHmandUcteTAenH ³ Baküfa eRKÓgcak;ERsH enH CaeQµaHrbs;tNða EdlCaFmµCatidUc GnÞak; BitehIy tNðaenaHeQµaHfa eRKÓgcak;ERsH eRBaHdUcCaéRBRkas;; eBalKW eRKÓgTak;rbs;edÍmeQI ¬ EdlmanEmkdUcCasMNaj; ¦ TaMgLay manb£sSICaedIm edayGtßfa rYbrwt eRBaHekIteLIgerOy ² kñúgGarmµN_


2 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

TaMgLay manrUbCaedÍm RbRBwtþeTATaMgkñúgGarmµN_fñak;Tab TaMgkñúg GarmµN_fñak;x<s; . tNðaenaH eTvbuRtehAfa { eRKÓgcak;ERsHTaMgxagkñúg eRKÓgcak; eRKÓgcak; ERsHTaMgxageRkA } eRBaHvaekIteLIgTaMgbrikçarrbs;xøÜn nig brikçarrbs; GñkdéT TaMgGtþPaBrbs;xøÜn TaMgGtþPaBrbs;GñkdéT TaMgkñúgGaytn³ xagkñúg TaMgkñúgGaytn³xageRkA RbCaEdleRKÓgcak;ERsH ¬ KW tNða ¦ ekIteLIgehIy rEmgrYbrwt mann½yfa RbCa eBalKW BYkstVTaMgGs; EdleRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNðaenaHrYbrwt KW cgrwtTuk dUcCaedImeQIEdl sþúkTaMgLay manedImb£sSICaedIm / eRKÓgcak;ERsH manéRBb£sSICaedIm rYbrwt y:agenH eRBaHfa BYkstVEdleRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNðarYbrwtehIy y:agenH bBiRtRBHeKatm eRBaHehtuenaH ´m©as;sUmTUlsYrRBHGgÁ kñúg n½yfa tM tM eKatm bucäami mann½yfa eRBaHehtuenaH ´m©as;sUmTUl sYrRBHGgÁ . eTvbutþTUlecjRBHnamrbs;RBHmanRBHPaK edayRBHeKatþ eKatm kñúgn½yfa nrNaGacqáareRKÓgcak;ERsHenH)an KW eTvbutþTUlsYr fa { nrNa nwgKb,Iqáar KW nrNaGacnwgqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsHenH Edl rYbrwtéRt¬ elak ¦Fatu [taMgenAy:agenH)an } . cMENkÉRBHmanRBHPaK RCabedayRBHjaNminmanGVIeTIsTak;kñúg Fm’TaMgBYg CaeTBéneTB CaeTBéRkElgCageTB Caská³éRkElgCag ská³ CaRBhµéRkElgCagRBhµ CaGñkemaHmutedayevsarC¢BaØaN 4 Ca GñkEdlRTRTg;TuknUv TsBlBaØaN RTg;manRBHjaN rkeRKÓgeTIsTak; minman RTg;man smnþckçú kaleTvbutþTUlsYry:agenHehIy kalnwg vísC¢naesckþIenaH dl;eTvbutþenaH eTIbRtas;RBHKafaenHfa { PikçúEdl CaGñkqøat manesckIþBüayam manbBaØaCaeRKÓgrkSaxøÜn taMgenAkñúg


3 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

sIlehIy Gb;rM citþ nig bBaØaenaH Kb,IqáarnUv eRKÓgcak;ERsH enH)an } dUecñH . \LÚvenH´m©as; kalnwgBN’naxøwmsarEdlRbkbedayKuNepSg² man sIlCaxagedIménRBHKafa EdlRTg;CaGñkEsVgrknUvKuNd¾FM Rtas;ehIy edayRbéB eTIbeBalnUvvísuT§imKÁ EdlGaRs½yn½yéneTsnarbs;RBHefr³ enAÉmhavíhar Edlmankarvínicä½yy:aghµt;ct;l¥ CaeRKÓgbegáÍteLIg nUv)aemaC¢ dl;RBHeyaKITaMgLaykñúgRBHsasnaenH Edl)anbBVC¢akñúg sasnaénRBHCínRsICam©as;edaykRm ehIyebImin)andwgnUvvísuT§imKÁ Edl Rtg; EdlekSm RbmUlmknUvKuN mansIlCaedIm [)anRtwmRtÚv sUm,I R)afñanUvesckþIbrisuT§i sUm,IBüayam k¾minseRmcnUvvísuTi§enaH)aneLIy . éh ¡ saFuCnTaMgLay eBl´m©as;eBalnUvvísuTi§mKÁ edayeKarB sUmGñkTaMgLay EdlR)afñanUvvisuTi§ cUrtaMgcitþsþab;nUvvisuTi§mKÁenaH eday eKarBpgcuH . bTfa vísuTi§ kñúgBaküfa ´m©as;nwgeBalnUvvísuTi§mKÁenaH Kb,IRCabfa sMedAykRBHniBVanEdlR)ascakmniÞlTaMgBYg EdlbrisuT§Bit pøÚvénesckIþ brisuT§ienaHÉg eQµaHfa vísu suTi§mKÁ ])ayCaeRKÓgseRmc elakehAfa pøÚv ´m©as;nwgsEmþgpøÚvénvísuTi§enaH . kñúgRBH)alIkEnøgxøH RTg;sEmþgTak;TgedayFm’RtwmvibsSnaEtmü:ag dUcEdlRtas;fa { kalbuKÁleXIjedaybBaØa fa sgçarTaMgBYgmineTog eBlenaH eKrEmgenOyNaykñúgTukç enHCapøÚvénesckIþbrisuT§i } . kEnøøg xøHRTg;sEmþgTak;Tgdl;Qan nig bBaØa dUcCaRTg;Rtas;fa { QanrEmg minmandl;GñkEdlminmanbBaØa / bBaØa rEmgminmandl;GñkEdlminman Qan / Qan nig bBaØa rEmgmanenAkñúgbuKÁlNa buKÁlenaHCaGñkenACít


4 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

RBHniBVan } . kEnøgxøHRTg;sEmþgTak;TgedayFm’ mankmµCaedIm dUcRTg;Rtas;fa { mc©³ TaMgT,ayrEmgbrisuT§edayFm’ 5 Rbkar KW kmµ víC¢a Fmµ sIl nig CÍvítd¾]tþm minEmnedayeKatþ b¤ edayRTBüeLIy } . kEnøøgxøHRTg;sEmþgTak;TgedayFm’ mansIlCaedIm dUcEdlRtas;Tuk fa { PikçúbribUredaysIl mancitþtaMgmaMl¥ehIy manbBaØa manesckþI BüayamR)arB§ehIy manxøÜnbBa¢ÚneTAehIyRKb;kalTaMgBYg rEmgqøg»X³ Edlqøg)anedaykRm } . kEnøøgxøHRTg;sEmþgTak;TgedayeBaFibkçiyFm’ manstib,dæanCaedIm dUc)anRtas;fa { mñalPikçúTaMgT,ay enHCapøÚvEtmYy EtgRbRBwtþeTARBm edIm,IesckþIbrisuT§iénstVTaMgT,ay .l. edIm,IeFVI[Cak;c,as;nUvRBHniBVan enaHKWGVI KW stib,dæan 4 } sUm,IkñúgeBaFibkçiyFm’déT mansmµb,Fan CaedIm k¾mann½ydUcKña EtkñúgbBaðaBüakrN_enH pøÚvénvísuT§ienaH RTg; sEmþgTak;TgnwgéRtsikçamansIlCaedIm enHCaesckþIBN’naedaysegçb kñúgKafaenH . Baküfa sIel btidæay ERbfa taMgenAkñúgsIl PikçúCaGñkeFVIsIl[ bribUN’enaH ehAfaCaGñktaMgenAkñúgsIlkñúgTIenH eRBaHdUecñaH xøwmsarkñúg sIel btidæay KWmann½yfa taMgenAkñúgsIl edayeFVIsIl[bribUN’ . bTfa nera )andl; stV . bTfa sbeBaØa mann½yfa manbBaØa CabBaØamanRBmCamYybdisn§i éRtehtuuekItBIkmµ . Baküfa citþM bBaØBa© PavyM mann½yfa { júaMgsmaFi nig víbsSna[ceRmIn } BitehIy kñúgBaküenH smaFiRTg;sEmþgeday


5 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

matika KW citþ cMENkvíbsSna RTg;sEmþgedaymatika KW bBaØa dUecñH . bTfa GatabI ERbfamankarBüayam karBüayamelakehAfa Gatab eRBaHGtßfa CaehtudutnUvkiels[ekþA esckþIBüayamCaehtudutkemþAnUv kielsrbs;PikçúenaHmanehIy ehtuenaH PikçúenaHeTIbeQµaHfa GatabI ¬ GñkmanesckþIBüayamCaeRKÓgdutkemþAnUvkiels ¦ . bBaØa elakehAfa enbk kñúgBaküfa nibeka mann½yfa GñkRbkb edaybBaØaenaH RBHmanRBHPaK sEmþgnUv)arihariyb,BaØa edaybTenH kñúgbBaðaBüakrN_enaH bBaØaman 3 y:agKW ³ 1- sCatib,BaØa ¬ bBaØamanBIkMeNIt ¦ . 2- víbsSnabBaØa . 3- )arihariyb,BaØa ¬ bBaØabrihar ¦ EdlCaGñknaMkñúgkic©RKb;y:ag . bTfa Pikçú manvíeRKaHfa { GñkNarEmgeXIjP½ykñúgsgSar ehtuenaH GñkenaH eTIbeQµaHfa Pikçú } . bTcugeRkayfa esa \mM víCdey CdM mann½yfa { PikçúenaH KW PikçúEdlRbkbedayFm’ 6 Rbkar manedaysIl edaysmaFi EdlsEmþgecjCamatika KW citþ edaybBaØa 3 RbkarenH nig edayesckþIBüayam dutkiels QrenAelIEpndI KW sIl ehIyelIk s®sþa KW víbsSnabBaØa EdlsMelogl¥ehIyedaysila KW smaFi edayéd KW )arihariyb,BaØa edaykmøaMgKW vIriy³maMTaMehIy Kb,Iqáar KW Kb,Ikat; TmøaynUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða EdlmanehIyenAkñúgsnþanrbs;xøÜn enaHTaMgGs;)an eRbóbdUcCabursEdlQrenAelIWEpndI elIks®sþaEdl sMelogl¥ehIy qáarnUvKum<b£sSIFMdUecñaH } kñúgxN³énmKÁ PikçúenaH eQµaH fa kMBugqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsHenaHÉg kñúgxN³énpl eQµaHfa qáareRKÓg


6 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

cak;ERsHenaHrYcehIy rEmgCaGKÁTkçieNyübuKÁlrbs;mnusSelak RBm TaMgeTvelak eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa ³ { PikçúEdlCaGñkqøat manesckþIBüayam manbBaØarkSaxøÜn taMgenA kñúgsIlehIyGb;rMcitþ nigbBaØa enaHKb,IqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsHenH)an } . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;TukkñúgRBHKafaenaHfa CaGñkqøatedaybBaØaNa kic©enaHEdlKb,IeFVIkñúgbBaØaenaHk¾eT eRBaHbBaØaenaH seRmcdl;eKeday GanuPaBénbrikmµehIyEtmü:ag EtGñkenaH Kb,ICaGñkeFVICab;tKña eday GMNacénvÍriy³ CaGñkeFVIedayGMNacénkardwgd¾RbéB edayGMNacén bBaØa RTg;Rtas;Tukkñúg 2bTfa GtabI nibeka enaHtaMgenAkñúgsIlehIy Gb;rMsmf nig víbsSna RTg;Rtas;edayGMNaccitþ nig bBaØaenaH RBHman RBHPaKCam©as; sEmþgnUvpøÚvénvisuT§ienH edaycMeBaH KW sIl smaFi nig bBaØa kñúgRBHKafaenaH dUecñHÉg . ÉRBHFm’eTsnaRtwmbu:eNÑH RBHBuT§GgÁRTg;)anRbkas ³ 1- sikça 3 . 2- sasnamanlMG 3 y:ag . 3- ]bnisS½yénKuNvíess manPaBCaGñk)annUvvíC¢a 3 CaedIm . 4- karevorcaknUvTIbMput 2 y:ag nigkaresBnUvmCÄimabdibTa . 5- ])ayCaeRKÓgknøgcakKti manG)ayCaedIm . 6- karlHbg;nUvkielsedayGakar 3 . 7- Fm’Cabdibkçdl;eTasman vÍtikám CaedIm . 8- karCRmHsgáiels 3 . 9- ehtuénPaBCaRBHGriybuKÁl manRBHesatabnñCaedÍm . sYrfa RTg;RbkasdUcemþc ?


7 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

eqøIyfa kñúgbBaðakmµenH GFisIlsikça RTg;RbkasedaysIl / GFicitþ sikça RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi / GFib,BaØasikça RTg;RbkasedaybBaØa . mü:ageTot lm¥bTedIménRBHsasna RTg;RbkasedaysIl BitehIy sIl eQµaHfa xagedÍménRBHsasna eRBaHRBH)alIfa { GVIeQµaHfaxag edÍménku ménkuslTaMgLay } eqøIyfa { sIlEdlbrisuT§l¥ehIy eQµaHfa xag edIménkuslFm’TaMgLay } nig eRBaHRBH)alI ¬ »vaT)atiemakç kñúgesckþI xagedIm ¦ sEmþgfa { karmineFV neFVI)abTaMgBYg } dUecñHCaedIm / ÉsIlenaH eQµaHfa s¥at eRBaHCaehtunaMmknUvKuN mankarminekþARkhayCaedIm . lm¥bTkNþal RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi BitehIy smaFi eQµaHfa CaKuNkñúglm¥bTkNþalénRBHsasna eRBaHRBH)alI ¬ »vaT)atiemakç esckþIkNþal ¦ eBalfa { karjúaMgkukuslFm’[dl;RBm } dUecñHCaedIm/ smaFienaHeQµaHfa s¥at eRBaHCaehtunaMmknUvKuN man\T§ivíFICaedIm PaBs¥atkñúglm¥bTcug EdlRTg;RbkasedaybBaØa KW bBaØa eQµaHfa Ca TIbMputénsasna eRBaHRBH)alI ¬ »vaT)atiemakç esckþIxagcug ¦ eBal Tukfa { kareFVIcitþrbs;xøÜn[pUrpg; enHCaBaküeRbónRbedA enHCaBaküeRbónRbedA énRBHBuT§ TaMgLay } dUecñH nig eRBaHRBHsasnamanbBaØaCaKuNy:agéRkElg / bBaØaenaH eQµaHfa s¥atl¥ eRBaHCaehtunaMmknUvPaBCaGñkmaMTaMkñúg\dæarmµN_ nig GnidæarmµN_ smdUcRBHBuT§dIkaRtas;Tukfa ³ { PñMfµtan;rEmgminkeRmIk eRBaHxül;y:agNa bNÐitTaMgLay rEmg minkeRmIkeRBaH ninÞa nig sresIr k¾dUecñaHEdr } mü:ageTot ]bnisS½yén Gñk)annUvvíC¢a 3 k¾RTg;RbkasedaysIl eRBaHbuKÁlGaRs½ynUvsIlsm,tþi eTIbseRmcnUvviC¢a 3 )an minEmnGaRs½ynUvehtudéTenaHeT / ]bnisS½y énPaBCaGñk)anGPiBaØa 6 RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi eRBaHbuKÁlGaRs½ynUv


8 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

smaFism,tþi eTIbseRmcGPiBaØa 6 )an nwg)anGaRs½yehtudéTeRkABI smaFienaHk¾eT ]bnisS½yénkarEbkFøaykñúgbdismÖiTa RTg;Rbkaseday bBaØa eRBaHbuKÁlGaRs½ynUvbBaØasm,tþi eTIbseRmcnUvbdismÖiTa 4 )an minEmnedayehtudéTeT . mü:ageTot karevorcaknUvTIbMput KW kamsuxløikanueyaK RTg;Rbkas edaysIl karevorcaknUvTIbMput KW GtþkilmfanueyaK RTg;Rbkaseday smaFi karesBnUvmCÄimabdibTa RTg;RbkasedaybBaØa . dUcKñaEdr ])ayCaeRKÓgQanknøgG)ay RTg;Rbkaseday sIl ])ayCaeRKÓgQanknøgkamFatu RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi ])ayCaeRKÓg QanknøgPB RTg;RbkasedaybBaØa . karlHbg;kielsedayGMNac tTgÁb,han RTg;Rbkaseday sIl karlHbg;kielsedayGMNac víkçmÖnb,han RTg;Rbkaseday smaFi karlHbg;kielsedayGMNac smuecäTb,han RTg;Rbkaseday bBaØa . mü:ageTot Fm’EdlCabdibkçdl; vÍtikám ¬karknøgelµIstam kayvaca ¦ énkiels RTg;RbkasedaysIl Fm’EdlCabdibkçdl;briyudæan ¬ karrMuB½T§ citþ ¦ énkiels RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi Fm’EdlCabdibkçdl;Gnus½y ¬ eRKÓgedkRtaMenAkñúgcitþ ¦ énkiels RTg;RbkasedaybBaØa . karCRmH sgáiels KW Tuc©rit RTg;RbkasedaysIl karCRmHsgáielsKW tNða RTg; RbkasedaysmaFi karCRmHsgáiels KW Tidæi RTg;RbkasedaybBaØa . tamn½yenaH ehtuénPaBCaRBHesatabnñnigRBHskTaKamibuKÁl RTg; RbkasedaysIl / PaBCaRBHGnaKamI RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi / PaBén RBHGrhnþ RTg;RbkasedaybBaØa eRBaHfa RBHesatabnñ RBHmanRBHPaK RTg;Rtas;fa { CaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúgsIlTaMgLay } RBHskTaKamI k¾dUc


9 vísuT§imKÁ BaküniTan

Kña cMENkRBHGnaKamIRTg;Rtas;fa { CaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúgsmaFi } RBH Grhnþ RTg;Rtas;fa { CaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúgbBaØa } . edayFmµeTsnaRtwmb:ueNÑaH RTg;RbkasnUvKuN 9 y:agKW ³ 1- sikça 3 . 2- sasnamanlm¥ 3 y:ag . 3- ]bnisü½yénKuNviess manPaBCaGñk)annUvviC¢a 3 CaedIm . 4- karevorcaknUvpøÚvxus 2 y:ag nigkaresBnUvmCÄimabdibTa . 5- ])ayCaeRKÓgknøgputBIKti manG)ayCaedIm . 6- karlHbg;kiels manedayGakar 3 . 7- Fm’EdlCabdibkçdl;eTas manvÍtikám³ CaedIm . 8- karCRmHsgáiels 3 . 9- ehtuénPaBCaRBHGriybuKÁl manRBHesatabnñ CaedIm . mü:ageTot KuNBYk 3 déT² eTotman ¬ kayvíevkedaysIl citþvíevk edaysmaFi ]bFivíevkedaybBaØa ¦ k¾RTg;RbkaspgEdr edayRbkar dUecñH . ¬ cb; BaküniTan ¦


10 mhadÍka BaküniTan

mhadÍka BN’nakfaeBaledayBaküniTan

RBHvísuT§imKÁenH elakGacarüGaRs½ybTRBHsURt )anepþÍmtaMgTuk ehIy edIm,InwgelIkRBHsURtenaHtaMgeLIgTukCamun ehIyBN’naesckþI edayRbkarepSg ² edaymatikaKW karGFib,aynUvBaküniTanCaxagedImén RBHvísuT§imKÁenaH k¾epþÍmBakümanCaGaT×fa { sIel btidæay } dUecñH . BitehIy elakGacarükalnwgBN’naRBHFm’ Kb,IeBalnUvBaküEdlCa niTanénRBHFm’enaHCaxagedIm bnÞab;BIenaHKYreBalnUvRbeyaCn_ karrYb rYmesckþIénbT esckþIsm<½n§ eKalbMNg BaküsYr BaküeqøIy RBmTaMg elakGacarük¾)anbdibtþiehIy y:agenaHÉg . kñúgGFikarenH Baküfa PKvnþM kir CaedIm CaBaküGFib,aynUvBakü niTan nig CaRbeyaCn_éneTsna . Baküfa vísuT§imKÁM PasisSM CaedIm CaBaküGFib,ayesckþIrYm . Baküfa sIel ztVa CaedIm CaBaküGFib,ayesckþIcMeBaHbTénesckþI sm<½n§ nig eKalbMNg . Baküfa kw sIlM CaedIm CaBaküsYr / bnÞab;BIenaHCaBaküeqøIy sUm,I kñúgsmaFikfa nigbBaØakfa k¾mann½ydUcKña . manBaküsYrmkfa ehtuGVI kñúgRBHvísuT§imKÁenH elakGacarüelIkRBH Kafa vísC¢na eLIgTukCaxagedIm minelIkRBHKafa bucäa TukCaxagedIm eRBaHBaküvísC¢namanBakübucäaCaxagedIm >>>>. erOgenHsUmeqøIydUecñH Kb,IRCabfa eRBaHesckþIénRBHKafavísC¢na enaHCamgÁl 1 / eRBaHsEmþgesckþIénRBHsasnamanlm¥bTedIm CaedIm


11 mhadÍka BaküniTan

1 / eRBaHkm©at;nUvGnþrayedaykarhamnUv]bTÞv³ manP½yCaedIm 1 nig eRBaHrYbrYmFm’EdlKb,IBN’nateTA 1 . kñúgGFikarenH GacarüGñksYreBalfa eRBaHehtuGVI kareBalvísuT§imKÁ enH )anCaelakGacarü epþÍmerOgr:aveLIgmun min)anepþÍmGMBIkarelIk sresIrRBHsasþamun ? esckþIenHsUmeqøIyfa eRBaHRBHvísuT§imKÁenH min EmnCakfaBN’nacMeBaHRBHKm<IrxagedImenaHeT . BitehIy vísuT§imKÁkfa enH minEmnCakarBN’nacMeBaHRBHKm<IrénnikayTaMgLay manTIXnikay CaedIm dUcCaGdækfaTaMgLay mansumgÁlvílasinICaedImenaHeT . mü:ageTot minEmnCabkrN_déT dUcCaKm<IrGPiFmµavta nig sumtavta CaedIm . b:uEnþCakarBN’naGFib,ayBiessrbs;GdækfaTaMgLay man sumgÁlvílasinI CaedIm . eRBaHehtuenaHÉg elakGacarük¾eBalBakü CaedImfa { vísuT§imKÁCapøÚvkNþal } dUecñH . mü:ageTot Kb,IeXIjfa RBHvísuT§imKÁenH CakfaEdlepþÍmedaykar elIksresIrk¾)an minEmnepþÍmedaykarelIkerOgr:avEtmü:agenaHeT . BitehIy karsEmþgerOgr:avkñúgRBHsasnaCaerOgsuT§ ² dUcCapøÚvelak k¾eT . karRbkasRBHKuNrbs;RBHsasþa EtgEsþgecjeTAedaykar sEmþgcMeBaHRBHsasþa EdlmankarsEmþgnUvRBHFm’minvibrit KWCakar sEmþgnUvsm,tþirbs;RBHsasna . elakGacarünwgeBalteTAfa { tam lMdab;énBaküRtwmbu:eNÑHÉg EdlelakRbkasnUvsikça 3 } dUecñHCaedIm. eday GaTi s½BÞ kñúg2bTfa esatabnñaTiPavsS c krNM enHCakar RbkasehtuénPaBCaRBHGriybuKÁlmanRBHesatabnñCaedIm elakGacarü rEmgse®gÁaHRBHGrhnþTaMgGs;dUcnwgRBHskTaKamI nig RBHGnaKamIRKb; CMBUk eRBaHmin)anelIkvíPaKTuk .


12 mhadÍka BaküniTan

edayehtuenaHÉg eTIbeXIjfa Fm’TaMgLaymansIlCaedIm Edl RbRBwtþkñúgcMENkénkarTmøaykielsrbs;RBHeBaFistVTaMg 3 CMBUk elak k¾se®gÁaHcUledayBaküfa { sIel btidæay } CaedIm kñúgTIenH . BitehIy kareXIjP½ykñúgsgSar CaBiesskñúgPBcugeRkayrbs;RBH eBaFistVTaMg 3 BYkenaH nig karbdibtþiedaykartaMgenAkñúgsIltamsm KYrcMeBaHxøÜn [smf³ nig víbsSna Qanmux km©at;nUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða )an / CaerOgdUcKña . mü:ageTot edayBaküCaTUeTAfa { esa \mM víCdey CdM } elak sMedAykkareFVI[dac;sUnünUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða EdlCakard¾RbesIr éRkElg nig EdlRbesIrbMputCagGVI² . kñúgkarkm©at;nUveRKÓg cak;ERsH TaMg 2 y:agenaH edaykareFVI[dac;sUnünUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða edayGs;eCÍg eRBaHPav³KW karlHkiels nig vasna k¾CakarsEmþgdl; bhansm,Tarbs;RBHsasþa nig jaNsm,Ta Edlmanbhansm,Ta Caehtu . edaykarkm©at;nUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða TaMg 2 RbkarenaH RTg; k¾sEmþgnUvsm,TaTaMgLay manGanuPavsm,TaCaedIm eRBaHCa sm,TaEdlminmanGVIbiT)aMg dUecñH . mü:ageTot bNÐitKb,IRCabfa RBHvísuT§imKáenH CakareBalEdlepþÍm edaykarelIksresIredayRbkardUecñH . mü:ageTotKb,IeXIjfa RBH vísuT§imKÁenHCakareBalEdlepþImedaykarelIksresIrEtmü:ag eRBaHelak GacarüepþImGFib,aybMNgcMeBaHmux KW karelIksresIrRBHsasþa eday BaküCaedImfa { sBVFemµsu Gb,díhtBaØaNcaera } RBHmanRBHPaK mankarRtac;eTAénRBHjaNminmanGVIeTIsTak;kñúgFm’TaMgBYg . mü:ageTot eRBaHkareBalnUvvísuT§imKÁenHenaH elakGacarü)anerobcM


13 mhadÍka BaküniTan

ehIy edayTak;TgCamYynwgkarsEmþgrbs;RBHsasþa EdlRTg;CaGñk GackñúgkarBüakrN_tamsmKYrdl;GFüaRs½yrbs;eTvbutþ EdlCaGñkTUl sYr nig CakarsresIry:agéRkElg cMeBaHRBHsasþa kñúgvar³cab;epþIm GFib,aytamsmKYrénFm’EdlGFib,ay enHCaFmµTMenomEdlelakGacarü )anRbRBwtþehIy eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgkareBalnUvRBHvisuT§imKÁenH elak Gacarü )aneFIVkarelIksresIry:agenH edayehtuenHÉg elakGacarü kalnwgelIknUvehtuénGakarelIksresIr EdlkMBugeBal eTIbtaMgRBH KafavisC¢namun ehIysEmþgKafaEdlCabucäaedaysrub nig edayGtß edaymanmatikaKW karsYredImehtuénKafaEdlbucäaenaH manbMNgfVay nUvkarelIksresIrRBHmanRBHPaK qøúHbBa©aMgnUvPaBEdlRTg;Gackñúgkar BüakrN_minvíbrit cMeBaHkarbucäaenaH ehIy)aneFVIkarGFib,aynUvRBHFm’ tambMNg . edayehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalBaküfa { sIel btidæay } CaedIm .

xøwmsarénRBHKafakñúgRBH)alIenaH nwgGFib,aydUcteTA ³ nwgmanvínicä½ykñúgBaküTaMgLay manBaküfa \ti CaedImdUcteTA ³ niyaycMeBaHBakü \ti mun / \ti s½BÞenHmanGtßeRcIny:ag CaedIm GtßKW ehtu ¬ ERbfa eRBaHehtuenaH ¦ / manGtßKW brismabn ¬ ERbfa dUecñHÉg ¦ / manGtßKW GaTi ¬ERbfa CaedIm ¦ / manGtßKW bTtßvíbriyay ¬ ERbfa CaBaküERbxøwmsarcMeBaHbT ¦ / manGtßKW bkar ¬ERbfa eday RbkardUecñH ¦ / manGtßKW GvFarN¬ manxøwmsarepSg ¦ / manGtßKW niTsSn ¬dUcCa ¦ .


14 mhadÍka BaküniTan

BitehIy \ti s½BÞenH mankñúgGtß KW ehtu dUcmankñúgBaküCaedImfa { rub,tIti exa Pikçev tsµa ¬rUbn ¦ti vuc©ti } mñalPikçúTaMgLay eRBaHkar EbkFøayeTAeTIbehAfa rUb . mankñúgGtßKW brismabn dUcmankñúgBakü CaedImfa { tsµatih em Pikçev FmµTayaTa Pvf ma GamisTayaTa

Gtßi em tuemðsu Gnukm,a kinþi em savka FmµTayaTa PevyüMú ena GamisTayaTa } mñalPikçúTaMgLay eRBaHehtuenaHÉg BYkGñkcUrCa FmµTayaTrbs;tfaKtcuH kMuCaGamisTayaTrbs;tfaKteLIy . tfaKt mankarKitKUrcMeBaHGñkTaMgLayCanic©fa eFVIy:agNahñ+ sav½kTaMgLay rbs;tfaKtnwgKb,ICaFmµTayaT minCaGamisTayaT . mankñúgGtß KW GaTi dUckñúgBaküCaedImfa { \ti va \ti ÉvrU)a nc©KItvaTitvísUkTsSna bdívíreta } PikçúevorcakkarraMErk karRbKMut®nþI nig karemIl karelgsEmþgEdlCasRtÚvdl;kuslFm’ y:agenHCaedIm . mankñúgGtßKW bTtßvíbriyay ¬ BaküERbxøwmsarcMeBaHbT ¦ dUcmankñúg BaküCaedImfa {maKNÐieyati tsS RBahµNsS sgça smBaØa bBaØtþi evahaera namM namkmµM nameFyüM nirutþi BüBa¢nM GPilae)a } Baküfa maKNÐiy CaeRKÓgkMNt; CaTIsmÁal;[dwg CabBaØti Caevahar CaeQµaH Ca kartaMgeQµaH CanameFyü Canirutþi CaBüBa¢n³ CaBaküehA rbs; RBahµN_enaH . mankñúgGtß KW bkar dUckñúgBaküCaedImfa { \ti exa Pikçev sm,díPeya Baela Gb,díPeya bNÐÐieta s]bTÞeva Baela GnubTÞeva bNÐieta s]bseKÁa Baela GnubseKÁa bNÐieta } ERbfa mñal PikçúTaMgLay edayRbkardUecñHÉg buKÁlBalmanP½ycMeBaHmux bNÐitmin


15 mhadÍka BaküniTan

manP½ycMeBaHmuux buKÁlBalmanGnþray bNÐitminmanGnþray buKÁlBal man]bsKÁ bNÐitminman]bsKÁ . mankñúgGtßKW GvFarN GFib,ayfa kñúgkarRBmeRBógéncitþ dUckñúg BaküCaedImfa { Gtßi \Tb,c©ya CramrNnþi \ti buedæn sta GannÞ GtßItisS vcnIyM kw bc©ya CramrNnþi \ti ec veTyü Catib,c©ya CramrNnþi \c©sS vcnIyM } mñalGannÞ ebIeKsYrfa Cra nigmrN³man vtßúCabc©½yb¤ ? GñkKb,IeqøIyfa man / ebIeKsYrfa Cra nig mrN³manGVICa bc©½y ? GñkKb,IeqøIyfa CranigmrN³man eRBaHmanCatiCabc©½y . mankñúg Gtß KW niTsSn dUckñúgBaküCaedImfa { GtIIßti exa kc©an Gyemeka Genþa ntIßti exa kc©an GyM Tutieya Genþa } ERbfa mñalkc©an³ cMENkTIbMputTI 1 enHmanehIy cMENkTIbMputTI 2 enHmin man . sUm,IkñúgTIenH \ti s½BÞ Kb,Iyl;fa eRbIkñúgGtßKW niTsSn nwgeBalfa eRbIkñúgGtßKW bkar k¾KYrdUcKña . cMENk \ti s½BÞedImdMbUgKb,Iyl;fa eRbI kñúgGtßKW brismabn . s½BÞfa hi eRbIkñúgGtßKW GvFarN . bTfa \TM CaBaküniyaycMeBaH vtßúEdlRbckSkñúgTICít eRBaHeFVIbTRBHsURttamEdl)anRbsBVehIy Tuk cMeBaHmux . nwgGFib,aybTfa vutþM teTA vutþ s½BÞenH man]bsKÁ nigmin man]bsKÁ eXIjeRbIkñúgGtßTaMgLayCaedImfa GtßKW vb,n karsabeRBaH GtßKW vabsmIkrN eFVITIsMNab[rab / GtßKW ekesaharN kardak;cuH nUveksa/ Gtß KW CÍvítvutþi karciBaw©wmCÍvít/ Gtß KW bmutþPav karrYcput / Gtß KW )avcnbvtþit [RbRBwtþeTAkñúgPaBCa)avcn³ / Gtß KW GeCÄsn kareKarB


16 mhadÍka BaküniTan

GeBaI¢jnigGtßKW kfn kareBal . BitehIy vutþ s½BÞenH mankñúgGtß vb,n karsabeRBaH dUcmankñúgBaküCaedImfa buKÁlNaminRbTUsr:aymitþ eKa rbs;GñkenaHrEmgekItmk BUCEdlsabeRBaHkñúgERsrEmglUtlas;l¥ Gñk enaHrEmgbriePaKnUvplénBUCEdl)ansabeRBaHehIyenaH . mankñúg GtßKW vabsmIkrN eFVITIsabeRBaH[rabesµIedayvtßúTaMgLay manrnas; EdlmaneFµj 8 CaedIm / dUckñúgRbeyaKCaedImfa {ena c exa bdívutþM } EtminTan;)anRtLb; . mankñúgGtßKW ekesaharN kardak;cuHnUveksa dUckñúgRbeyaKCaedImfa { kabTieka maNeva Thera vutþsiera } kabTikmaNBenAekµgdak;cuHnUveksaehIy . mankñúgGtß KW CÍvítvutþi kar ciBaw©mCÍvít dUckñúgRbeyaKCaedImfa { bnñelaema brTvuetþa miKPUetn ectsa víhrti } PikçúEdlmaneramFøak;cuH ciBaw©mCÍvítedaybc©½yEdl GññkdéTfVay mancitþdUcdMusac; . mankñúg Gtß KW { Bn§neta bmutþPav } karRCúHputcakBIfñaMg dUckñúg RbeyaKCaedImfa { esyüfabi nam bNÐúblaesa Bn§na bvuetþa GPeBVa hrittay } søwkeQIBN_elOgdac;ecjBIfñaMg sUm,Iy:agNa k¾minGac Carbs;exoveTot . mankñúg Gtß KW { )avcnPaevn bvtþit } [RbRBwtþeTA edayPaBCa)avcn³ / dUckñúgRbeyaKCaedImfa { eysmiTM Étrhi e)araNM mnþbTM KItM bvutþM smIhitM } kñúgbc©úb,nñenH bTmnþCarbs;cas; EdlBYkRBahµN_TaMgLayNa cgRkgrkSaTuk [ RbRBwtþeTACa)avcn³ . sUm,Ikñúgelakevahar vutþ s½BÞ mankñúgGtßKW GeCÄsn eKarBGeBaI¢j dUckñúgBaküfa { vuetþa KuNa } GñkEdlRTRTg;nUvKuN eKeKarBGeBaI¢j


17 mhadÍka BaküniTan

ehIy { vuetþa )arayena } GñkEdldl;nUveRtIy eKeKarBGeBaI¢jehIy dUecñHCaedIm . mankñúg Gtß KW kfn eBaldUcBaküfa { vutþM exa bentM PKvta FmµTayaTa em Pikçev Pvf ma GamisTayaTa } RBHmanRBH PaKRtas;BaküenHTukfa mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaycUrCaFmµTayaT rbs;tfaKt kMuCaGamisTayaTeLIy dUecñHCaedIm . sUm,IkñúgTIenH vutþ s½BÞ KbI,eXIjfa eRbIkñúgGtßKW kfn ¬eBal ¦ enaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH elakGacarüeTIbsEmþgBnül;KafaEdlelIkeLIgedayesckþICaKafaEdl RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;sEmþgfa { RBHsURtenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg;sEmþg TukehIydUecñHÉgKW y:agenHb:ueNÑaH } . b¤rEmghamGakarEdlRBHman RBHPaKRTg;sEmþgehIyénKafaenaH . bTfa ksµa CabBa©mIvíPtþi cuHkñúgGtß KW ehtu . s½BÞfa bn RtwmEtCa vcnalgáar . edaybTTaMgBIr elakGacarürEmgsYrnUvehtu . bTfa ÉtM elakGacarürMlwkbTRBHsURt tamEdl)aneBalehIy . bTfa vutþM CanimitþénBaküsYr . elakGacarüGaRs½yesckþIén xøwmsarenaH Edlpøas;bþÚreTAkñúgkaryl;rbs;xøÚn k¾eBalfa { \TM } dUecñH ehIy k¾eBaleTotfa { ÉtM } sMedAykGakarEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas; Tuk . edayBaküTaMgGs;enH elakGacarüsYrdl;ehtuéneTsna eRBaH eBalBaküfa { PKvnþM kir } CaedImTuk edIm,InwgjúaMgGñksEmþg sßanTI kal GñkTTYleTsnaenaH[c,as;las; . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgenaH s½BÞfa kir Cani)atcuHkñúgGtßKW GnusSvn ¬)anB¤ )ansþab;mk ¦ . edays½BÞfa kir enaH elakGacarüsEmþgnUvesckþIEdl kMBugeBaldl;xøwmsar CaxøwmsarEdl)ansþab;tam ² Kñamk .


18 mhadÍka BaküniTan

bTfa rtþiPaeK mann½yfa kñúgcMENkmYyénraRtI / GFib,ayfa kñúg mCÄimyam . eTv enaHÉgeQµaHfa eTvbuRt eQµaHfa buKÁlNamYy eRBaHminmaneQµaHR)akd dUcCaesþcevsSv½NCaedIm . Baküfa edÍm,Idk nUvkarsgS½y manBaküRbkbfa )anTUlsYredIm,IdknUvkUnsr KW vícikicäa . mü:ageTot edayBaküfa { edÍm,IdknUvesckþIsgS½y } enH elak GacarüsEmþgfa bNþaBakübucäa 5 y:ag BaküTUlsYrenHCa vímtiecäTnabucäa ¬ KWCaBaküsYrkat;esckþIsgS½y ¦ . tNða RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa {eRKÓgcak;ERsH}edayGtßNa edIm,I nwgsEmþgnUvGtßenaH ² Ég eTIbelakGacarüeBalBaküfa { Caliniya } mansMNaj;CaedIm . BitehIy tNða enaHRtas;ehAfa { CalinI } eRBaHGtßfa mansMNaj;EdlCaGvyv³rbs;xøÜnenaHÉg manRbePTCa tNðavícrit 108 . \LÚvenH edIm,InwgsEmþgPaBRbRBwtiþeTAedayGakarCaeRKÓgcak;ERsH éntNðaenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { BitehIy tNðaenaH } dUecñH CaedIm . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH elakGacarü eBaldl;sßanTIRbRBwtþeTA éntNðaenaHfa kñúgGarmµN_TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm eRBaHtNðavís½yput cakGarmµN_ 6 manrUbCaedIm k¾eT . Baküfa edayGMNackarRbRBwtiþeTAkñúgcMENkxageRkam nig xag elI mann½yfa edayGMNackarRbRBwtiþeTAkñúgcMENkxageRkam nigxag elIy:agenH KW eBlxøHRbRBwtþeTAkñúgrU)armµN_ eBlxøHRbRBwtþeTArhUtdl; FmµarmµN_ eBlxøHRbRBwtþeTAkñúgFmµarmµN_ eBlxøHRbRBwtþeTArhUtdl;kñúg


19 mhadÍka BaküniTan

rU)armµN_ . kñúgTIenH Kb,IeXIjnUvsPaBrbs;tNða EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgcMENkxag eRkam nig xagelItamlMdab;eTsna . Kb,IRCabkarRbRBwtiþeTAeday GMNacénkarRbRBwtiþeTAkñúgcMENkxageRkam nig xagelI / kñúgBaküenH sUm,Ifa RKaxøHRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkamPB RKaxøHRbRBwtþeTAkñúgrUbPB RKaxøH RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGrUbPB b¤ RKaxøHRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGrUbPB . l . RKaxøHRbRBwtþ eTAkñúgkamPB . karekIteLIgerOy ² eQµaHfa CakarCab;kñúgPBenH eRBaHfa sgçar TaMgBYg mankarEbkFøayeTACasPav³RKb; ² xN³ ehtuenaH eTIbelak GacarüeBalfa { eRBaHekIteLIgerOy ² } . Baküfa { edayGtßfa rYbrwt } enHCaBaküsEmþgesckþIsm<½n§Edl Caehtu[eRKÓgcak;ERsH nig tNða CaBakü]bma nig ]bemyüfa tNða eQµaHfa CaeRKÓgcak;ERsH eRBaHGtßfa dUcCaeRKÓgcak;ERsH . kñúgBaküenHmanxøwmsardUecñH ³ EmkénKum<b£sSIEdlmaneRKÓgTak; nig sMbukdgáÚvnagCaedIm Etgcg xøÜnTukedayxøÜnÉg KW rYbrwtTukedayGvyv³xøÜnÉg eTIbehAfa eRKÓgcak; ERsHy:agNa / sUm,ItNðak¾RTg;Rtas;ehAfa eRKÓgcak;ERsHedaysPaB KW karcgTuky:agdUecñaHÉg . mü:ageTot )az³fa sMsiBVitedæn mann½yfa edayPav³EdlxøÜnRtÚvcgTukedayxøÜnÉg . BitehIy tNðaenHeRbóbdUc CadgáÚvnag rEmgRbRBwtþeTAedIm,IcgxøÜnÉg . edayehtuenaH eTIbRBHman RBHPaKRtas;fa { rUbtNðaCaTIRsLaj; CaTIeBjcitþkñúgelak tNðaenH eBlekIteLIgrEmgekIteLIgkñúgTIenH eBltaMgenA rEmgtaMgenAkñúgTIenH} dUecñHCaedIm .


20 mhadÍka BaküniTan

stVTaMgenH kalsmÁal;nUvvtßúxøÜnEdlhYgEhgfa { enHrbs;eyIg } min[Carbs;epSgeRkABIxøÜn rEmgeFVI[enAxagkñúg . k¾ Genþa s½BÞ manGtßfa xagkñúg eRBaHehtuenaH tNðaeBlekIteLIg kñúgbrikçarrbs;xøÜn elakehAfa { eRKÓgcak;ERsHxagkñúg } / brikçarrbs; xøÜn sRmab;bBVCítman)aRtCaedIm sRmab;RKhsß mandMrICaedIm . eQµaHfa GtþPaB eRBaHmankarsmÁal;fa CaTImanenAéneQµaHfa Gtþa )andl; ])aTankçn§ 5 . GacarüBYkxøHeBalfa )andl; srIr³ . Kb,IRCab GakarekIteLIgéntNðakñúgGtþPaBrbs;xøÜnCaedImfa eday n½ymanCaGaT×fa GtþPaBrbs;eyIgKb,ICaGtþPaBEdll¥ b¤fa GtþPaB rbs;eyIg Kb,IdUcnwgrbs;buKÁlÉeNaH . Gaytn³TaMgLay manckçú CaedImrbs;xøÜneQµaHfa { Gaytn³xagkñúg } . Gaytn³TaMgLay man rUbCaedImrbs;xøÜn nig rbs;buKÁldéTeQµaHfa { Gaytn³xageRkA } . mü:ageTot Gaytn³TaMgLay manckçúCaedIm rbs;buKÁlTaMgLay déT b¤EdlCab;Tak;Tgedaysnþþtirbs;xøÜnnigbuKÁldéTeQµaHfa{Gaytn³ xagkñúg } . Gaytn³TaMgLay manrUbCaedImdUecñH eQµaHfa { Gaytn³ xageRkA } . Kb,IRCabesckþIEdltNðaCaeRKÓgcak;ERsHxagkñúg nig eRKÓgcak;ERsHxageRkA sUm,IRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkamavcrPB nig mhKÁtPB . BitehIy kamPB eTaHy:agNak¾minputeLIy eRBaHmin)anRKbsgát; kiels sUm,IGVI ² k¾Cabc©½yBiessénkarRbkan;xagkñúgEdr ehtuenaH eTIb elakehAfa { GCÄtþM nig Genþa } ERbfa xagkñúg . rUbPB nig GrUbPB elakehAfa { BhiT§a nig Bhi } ERbfa xageRkA edaybriyayeRkABI kamPBenaH . edayehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK eTIbRTg;Rtas;fa { buKÁl


21 mhadÍka BaküniTan

mansMeyaCn³xagkñúg 1 buKÁlmansMeyaCn³xageRkA 1 } dUecñH . elakGacarükan;yktNðaenaHedayRbePTepSg ² minEmntic eday PaBepSg ² énvís½y nig edayPaBepSgénGakarRbRBwtþeTAfa Etmü:ag edayesckþIfa CaeRKÓgcak;ERsHesµIKña eTIbeBalfa { eRKÓgcak;ERsH ekIteLIgy:agenH } dUecñH . tNðaenaHCaFmµCatiCab;CMBak;tamsnþancitþrbs;stV EdlRTg;Rtas; Tukfa { bCa }enaHÉg / rMuB½T§ KW cgBYkstVenaHTuk[RbRBwtþeTAerOy ² ehtuenaH eTIbRTg;Rtas;fa { RbCaRtÚvtNðarYbrwtTuk } dUecñH . BitehIy eBaledaybrmtß esckIþrYm rEmgminmanedaykarevorcak esckIþlm¥it sUm,IBity:agenaH cMENkesckIþlm¥itmYy k¾mineQµaHfa CaesckIþrYm eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarükalsEmþgBakü]bma nig ]bemyü )aneFIVesckIþrYm[EbkecjBIesckIþlm¥it eTIbeBalfa { rukçCati TaMgLaymanedImb£sSICaedIm RtÚvéRBb£sSICaedImTak;Tuky:agNa RbCa eBalKW BYkstVTaMgGs;enHk¾RtÚveRKÓgcak;ERsH eBalKW tNða rMuB½T§ KW rYbrwt / GFib,ayfa RbmUlTuk } dUecñaHEdr . sm½<n§esckIþfa \mM CdM mann½yfa eRKÓgcak;ERsHEdlTak;BYkstV TukenAkñúgFatuTaMg 3 taMgenAedaykarRbmUlTukmin[sl; sUm,IEtFatu mYykñúgbNþaFatuTaMg 3 ehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa tNðaenaHCa FmµCatimanvís½yFM nig sageLIgnUverOgEdleFIV)anedayEsnlM)ak . edayesckIþfa { nrNanwgGaceFVI)an } elakGacarürEmgsEmþg fa bTfa víCdey CabTmanstiþ ¬ smtßPaB ¦ CaGtß minEmnmanvíFI ¬kareFVI ¦ CaedIm CaGtßeT .


22 mhadÍka BaküniTan

esckIþfa RBHmanRBHPaKEdleTvbutþTUlsYredayBaküfa GenþaCda eRKÓgcak;ERsHxagkñúgdUecñHCaedIm ehIyeTIbRTg;Rtas;RBHKafaenHdl; eTvbutþenaH . elakGacarü)ansEmþgcMeBaHRBHsasþaedayKuNfa { RBHmanRBHPaK dUecñHÉg eTIbvísC¢nabBaðaenaH)an } eTIbeBalBaküfa { mankarRbRBwtþi eTAénRBHjaN minmanGVIeTIsTak;kñúgFm’TaMgBYg } dUecñH CaedIm . bNþaBaküTaMgenaH Baküfa kñúgFm’TaMgBYg KW kñúgejyüFm’TaMgLay TaMgBYgEdlepSgedayRbePT manGtItCaedIm . Baküfa mankarRbRBwtþieTAénRBHjaNminmanGVIeTIsTak; man n½yfa mankarRbRBwtþieTAénRBHjaNminmanRBMEdn eRBaHmankarRbRBwtiþ eTAmineTIsTak;kñúgkarebIknUvejyüFm’TaMgBYg minmancMENksl; . edayBaküenH Kb,IRCabfa elakGacarükan;ykFm’BiessEdlenA sl;rbs;RBHmanRBHPaKTuk edaymanlkçN³Etmü:ag dUcKñaCamYyjaN enaH edaykarkan;yknUvFm’Biess 3 xagedIm kñúgkarsEmþgesckþIEdl RBHmanRBHPaKmanRBHjaN minmanGVI eTIsTak;;kñúgkalTaMg3 nig eRBaH minR)ascakjaNEdlmineTIsTak;enaH FmµvíesseTIbman)an . eQµaHfa eTB eRBaHmankarsmÁal;fa elg KW sb,ayrIkrayeday kamKuNCaedIm b¤ enAkñúgkamKuNCaedImTaMgLayenaH / eRBaHmankar smÁal;fa R)afñaedIm,IQñHsRtÚvTaMgLay edayPaBCaGñkGackñúgkar smÁal;fa eBaldl;kareFVIkarTTYlTanBIrenH KW skáar³ man\sSriy³ nig RTBüCaedIm RBmTaMgGMeNayplenaH ² eRBaHmankarsmÁal;fa rugerOg edayPaBrugerOgEdl)andl;nUvGanuPaBRbkbedaybuNüvíess nig man karsmÁal;fa eTAkan;vís½ytamesckþIR)afña)an mineTIsTak; RBmTaMgGac


23 mhadÍka BaküniTan

kñúgkarjúaMgvís½ytambMNg[seRmc)an . n½ymü:ageTot eQµaHfa eTB eRBaHmankarsmÁal;fa EdlbuKÁlman esckIþR)afña ehIyecjcakBIesckIþvínasenaH ² Kb,IeTArk KWedIm,Idl; CasrN³ KWCaTIeTAkñúgxagmux b¤ eRBaHmankarsmÁal;fa KYrsresIry:ag éRkElg b¤ eRBaHmankarsmÁal;fa KYrRsLaj;edaykarRbkbnUvPaBs¥at víess . eTBTaMgLayenaHman 3 CMBUk KW ³ 1- smµtieTB 2- ]b,tiþeTB 3- vísuT§ieTB RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;CaeTBd¾RbesIrbMput KW x<g;x<s;elIseTBTaMgLay enaH eRBaHRBHGgÁRKbsgát;eTBTaMgLayenaH edayRBHKuNTaMgLay enaH edaykarsEmþgGPiBaØad¾RbesIréRkElgedaykarenA KW TiBVvíhar RBhµvíhar nig Griyvíhar Edlx<g;x<s;edaykareBaly:agvíess eBalKW karTTYlnUvTanCaskáar³edayesckIþRCHføa minjab;j½rkñúg smµabdibtþi man\sSriy³énRBHT½ynigRTBü 7 RbkarCaedIm eRBaHkarseRmcénesckIþ R)afñakñúgkarQñHCadac;xatnUvmar 5 Rbkar EdlenAkñúgsnþanrbs;RBHGgÁ nig GñkdéT eBalKW GnusasnIEdlsmKYrdl;sPav³énFm’ nig GFüaRs½y énbuKÁledaykarbMPWø KW rsµI KWRBHjaN nig rsµIénRBHsrIr³d¾RbesIrEdl elak RBmTaMgeTvelakKYrdl;Ca { srN³ } KYrsresIry:agéRkElg nig KYrR)afñaedayPaBCaPkIþ eRBaHfa RBHGgÁRTg;RbkbedaykareTAénRBH jaN nig RBHsrIr³EdlminTUeTAdl;GñkdéT nigedayGMNacmineTIsTak; kñúgkarQñHmar KuNénRBHsBVBaØÚTaMgBYgnwgjúaMgnUvRbeyaCn_d¾éRkElg[


24 mhadÍka BaküniTan

seRmc eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg;RBHnamfa eTveTeva ERbfa eTBRbesIr CageTB . mü:ageTot RTg;CaeTBEdleTBTaMgBYgKb,IbUCaéRkElg ehtu enaH eTIbRTg;RBHnamfa eTveTeva ERbfa CaeTBEdleTBbUCa . mü:ageTot RTg;CaeTBd¾RbesIrrbs;mnusSeTBTaMgLaydéT eRBaHRTg; )anseRmcnUvPaBCavísuT§ieTB nig Glgáar KW KuNénRBHsBVBaØÚ ehtuenaH eTIbRTg;eQµaHfa eTveTeva ERbfa RTg;CaeTBEdlRbesIrCagmnusSeTB . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;Ca ská³ nigRTg;CaRBhµd¾éRkElg KW RbesIréRk Elg eRBaHRTg;RKbsgát;edayKuNénská³TaMgLay nig cMeBaHmhaRBhµ TaMgLayEdlminmanRbmaNkñúgelakFatu EdlrkRbmaNmin)an ehtu enaH eTIbRTg;RBHnamfa skáanM Gtisekáa RTg;Caská³éRkElgCagská³ TaMgLay / RBhµanM GtiRBhµa RTg;CaRBhµRbesIrCagRBhµTaMgLay . RTg;køahanedayevsarC¢BaØaNTaMg 4 eRBaHminmankarP½yxøacBIITINa ² eRBaHehtuEdl RTg;taMgenAkñúgzan³EdlnrNa ² kñúgelak RBmTaMg eTvelakminGaceFVi[jab;jr½)an kñúgPaBepSgKñaénjaNb,han nig eTsna ehtuenaHeTIbRTg;RBHnamfa ctuevsarC¢vísareTa RTg;køahan edayevsarC¢BaØaNTaMg 4 . RBHGgÁ)anRtas;Tukfa {smNRBahµN_ eTvta mar RBhµ b¤ nrNa ² kñúgelakEdlnwgCMTas;CamYytfaKtedayshFm’ kñúgesckþIfa CaGñk ebþCJaxøÜnfa CaRBHsmµasm<úT§ Fm’TaMgLayenH RTg;minTan;)anRtas;dwg dUecñH / mñalsarIbutþ kalmineXIjehtuenaH tfaKtk¾dl;nUvkarrYcP½y dl;nUvkarminmanP½y dl;nUvPaBCaGñkkøahan } dUecñH . RTg;RBHnamfa TsBlFera RTg;bribUredaykmøaMg 10 eRBaHRTg;man


25 mhadÍka BaküniTan

kmøaMg KW RBHjaN 10 Rbkar manzanazanBaØaNCaedIm . RTg;Rtas;Tukfa { RBHtfaKtrEmgdwgzan³kñúgelakenH edayPaBCa zan³ nig RTg;dwgehtuminEmnzan³tamesckþIBit } dUecñH CaedIm . RTg;RBHnamfa GnavrNBaØaeNa manRBHjaNminmanGVIeTIsTak; eRBaHRTg;manjaNminmanGVICaeRKÓgeTIsTak;kñúgFm’y:agNamYy eQµaH fa KYrTaMgGs;Etmü:ag . RTg;RBHnamfa smnþckçú manRBHckçúl¥ eRBaHRTg;Rbkbedayckçú KW RBHjaNEdlGaceXIjFm’TaMgBYgenaH Cak;c,as; edayRbéBedayGakar TaMgBYg dUceXIjGMBilGMEBkdak;elI)atéd GFib,ayfa CaRBHsBVBaØÚ . 2bTenH elakGacarükan;ykGsaFarNBaØaNTaMgBIrCaxagcug . RTg;RBHnamfa PKva edayehtuTaMgLayEdlRTg;manPaKü CaedIm BaküNaEdlKYrkñúgerOgenH BaküenaHnwgmanmkedayBisþarkñúgBuT§anusSti nieTÞsxagmux . kñúgGFikarenH eBlelakGacarü)ansEmþgGMBIRBHmanRBHPaK RTg;Ca GñkGac RTg;BüakrBakübucäaEdlelIkeLIgkan;kalTaMg 3 edayBaküfa { mankarRbRBwtþieTAénRBHjaNminmanGVIeTIsTak;kñúgFm’TaMgBYg } enH sRmab;esckþIsgS½y faetI RBHmanRBHPaK RTg;GacBüakrBakübucäarbs; BYkeTvta)an b¤eT kalhamnUvesckþIsgS½yenaHÉg eTIbelakGacarü eBalfa { eTveTeva } . skámharaC CaeTBRbesIrCageTBTaMgLayEtgvísC¢nanUvbBaðarbs; eTvtaTaMgLay)an kalebIbuKÁlTaMgLayKitfa { RBHmanRBHPaKmanGVI RbesIrCagská³enaH } edIm,IhamnUvkarKitenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa


26 mhadÍka BaküniTan

{ RTg;Caská³RbesIrCagská³TaMgLay } . RBhµTaMgLaymansngákumarRBhµCaedIm EtgvísC¢naxøwmsar Edl skámharaCTUlsYr eBlbuKÁlTaMgLayKitfa { RBHmanRBHPaKmanGVI RbesIr CagRBhµenaH } edIm,IhamkarKitenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { RTg;CaRBhµRbesIrCagRBhµTaMgLay } edIm,InwgsEmþgPaBBiessrbs; RBHmanRBHPaKenaH EdlR)akdehIyeday evsarC¢BaØaN 4 nig TsBlBaØaN eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa RTg;køahanedayevsarBaØaN 4 RTg;tmál;nUv TsBlBaØaN dUecñH . edIm,InwgsEmþgfa ÉjaN TaMgLayenH dl;RBmedaykarseRmcnUvjaNTaMgBIrenH eTIbelak GacarüeBalfa { RTg;CaRBHGnavrNBaØaN ¬ manRBHjaNminmanGVI eTIsTak; ¦ RTg; KW CaRBH smnþckçú ¬manckçúCMuvíj ¦} . elakGacarüsEmþgfa jaNTaMg 2 enaH seRmcehIy eRBaHRBHman RBHPaK RTg;CaGñkmaneTas)anTmøayehIy EdlseRmcedaykarsnSM buBaØsmÖar nig jaNsmÖar eTIb)aneBalfa { RBHmanRBHPaK }. bNÐit Kb,IRCabnUvRbeyaCn_ nig lMdab;kñúgkarkan;ykbTTaMgLayedayRbkar dUecñHcuH . jaNTaMg2KW GnavrNBaØaN sBVBaØútBaØaN TaMgBIrenaH sEmþg edayGtßminepSgKñaeT . BitehIy jaNenaH CajaNEtmYybu:eNÑaH elakGacarüeBal[Ca 2 y:ag edÍm,IsEmþgdl; PaBCajaNEdlmin TUeTAdl;CndéT edayPaBCaFM KW karRbRBwtþieTAénvís½y . eQµaHfa sBVBaØØútBaØaN eRBaHCaFmµCatiEdlmansgçtFm’ Gsgçt Fm’ nigsmµtiFm’minmancMENksl;CaGarmµN_ elakehAfa { GnavrNBaØaN } dUecñHk¾man eRBaHGaRs½ykarRbRBwtiþeTAmineTIsTak; eRBaHmin


27 mhadÍka BaküniTan

mankarraraMgkñúgsBVBaØútBaØaNenaH . BaküNaEdlKYreBal BaküenaH ´m©as;nwgeBalTukkñúgBuT§anusStinieTÞsxagmux . RBHmanRBHPaKGgÁNaEsVgrknUvKuNd¾FM )andl; KuN mansIlkçn§ CaedIm ehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKenaH RBHnamfa mehsI ¬ GñkEsVg rkKuNd¾FM ¦ . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;EsVgrknUvKuNd¾FMy:agenH . Baküfa eBlnwgBN’na KW eBlnwgebIkbgðaj )andl; eBlnwg[ Bisþar . Baküfa tamesckIþBit KW minvíbrit . Baküfa EdlepSg edayKuNmansIlCaedÍm KW EdlEckedayKuNman sIl smaFi bBaØa CaedIm . Baküfa Edl)anEsnlM)ak KW )anedaylM)aky:agéRkElg eRBaHKb,I)anedayxN³TI 9 elIkTuk 8 xN³ . Baküfa se®gÁaHeday KuNmansIlCaedÍm KW se®gÁaHedayxn§ 3 mansIlkçn§CaedIm . BitehIy GriymKÁse®gÁaHedayxn§ 3 eRBaHCaFm’mancMENkTIGag )an dUcCanKrse®gÁaHedayPaBCaRBHraCa . xn§ 3 minse®gÁaHcUlkñúg GriymKÁ eRBaHminmancMENkEdlGag)an . esckþIenH smdUcBaküRBHnagFmµTinñaefrIeBalTukfa { mñalGavuesa vísax³xn§ 3 RBHmanRBHPaKmin)anse®gÁaHedayGriymKÁmanGgÁ 8 eT/ mñalGavuesavísax³ ÉGriymKÁ GgÁ 8 RTg;se®gÁaHedayxn§ 3 dUecñHÉg . eQµaHfa EdlekSm eRBaHCaFm’EdlecarKW kielsTaMgLayminGac eFVI[Gnþray)an . eQµaHfa Rtg; eRBaHevorcakTIbMput 2 y:ag nig eRBaHlHbg;nUvmaya CaedIm RBmTaMgPaBekagtampøÚvkayCaedIm . eQµaHfa mKÁ eRBaHeTA KW RbRBwtþeTAedaykarsmøab;sgáíelsFm’


28 mhadÍka BaküniTan

TaMgBYg eRBaHEsVgrkniBVan eRBaHbuKÁlEdlRtÚvkarRBHniBVanTaMgLay Kb,IEsVgrk . Baküfa edÍm,IvísuT§i KW edIm,IniBVan b¤ edIm,IPav³ KW esckþIbrisuT§i / GFib,ayfa edIm,IGrhtþ . Baküfa kalmindågtamesckþIBit mann½yfa kalmin)andwgtam esckþIBitfa vísuT§imKÁEdleyaKI Kb,IseRmc)an edayesckþICab;tKñaén vísuT§i mansIlvísuT§iCaedIm y:agenH sPaBEbbenH mankic©y:agenH man Gtßy:agenH dUecñH . eyaKITaMgLayNarEmgR)afña KW rEmgR)afñaesckþIbrisuT§i KW karput cakBIsgáíelsTaMgGs; nig putcaksgSar ehtuenaH eyaKITaMgLayenaH eQµaHfa suT§ikama GñkR)afñaesckþIbrisuT§i . Gbi s½BÞ cuHkñúg smÖavn . eday Gbi s½BÞ enaHelakGacarü k¾sEmþgfa minEmnrIkrayedayRtwm sIlEtmü:ag tamBitCaGñkR)afñaesckþIbrisuT§i . bTfa \F manesckþIesµIKñanwg \msµw eyaK sasen ERbfa kñúgRBH sasnaenH . BaküRbkbesckþIfa eQµaHfa eyaKI eRBaHPaBCaGñkRbkbehIy xVay xVl;ehIykñúgPavna sUm,IBüayamCanic© KW sUm,IeFVIesckþIBüayamBuHBar tRmg;eq<aHesckþIbrisuT§i k¾rEmgminseRmcnUvesckþIbrisuT§i eRBaHmin)an seRmcnUv])ay . bTfa etsM eyaK eyaKInM ERbfa dl;eyaKITaMgenaH. vísuT§imKÁenaH eFVIPaBCa)aemaC¢ dl;buKÁlTaMgBYgEdlxVl;xVaykñúgkar sþab; karRTRTg;Tuk nig karsnSMCaedIm eRBaHmanPaBs¥atedayCMuvíjBit. sUm,Iy:agenaH k¾Ca)aemaC¢y:agBiesséRkElg dl;eyaKITaMgLay eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { eFVIesckþIrIkraydl;eyaKI


29 mhadÍka BaküniTan

TaMgLayenaH } . eQµaHfa manvínicä½yhµt;ct;l¥ eRBaHmanvínicä½y hµt;ct;edayl¥ edayesckþIfa minlaycUlCamYynikayxageRkA niglT§i déT . Baküfa rbs;RBHefr³enAÉmhavíhar elakGacarü sEmþgnUv nikayEdlCaTIGagGaRs½yrbs;xøÜn . Baküfa GaRs½yn½yéneTsna KW GaRs½yn½yénsMvNÑnaFm’ . kñúgGFikarenH edayBaküfa { eFVIesckþIrIkray dl;eyaKITaMgLay enaH } CaedIm elakGacarü k¾sEmþgfa kfamKÁrbs;RBHefr³ enAÉ mhavíharTaMgLay eQµaHfa manvínicä½ybrisuT§l¥edayCMuvíj eRBaHRBH efr³TaMgLayCaGñkmanbBaØad¾kMBUl CaGñkbdibtþil¥ )anseRmcehIy eFVI esckþIrIkray eRBaHnaMmknUvesckþIbrisuT§ienaH edaycMENkEtmü:ag dl; eyaKITaMgLayEdlR)afñanUvesckþIbrisuT§i KW niBVan eRBaHCaFmµCatibrisuT§ cakmnÞil KW sgáielsTaMgBYg . Kb,IRbkbnUvesckþIfa eBl´m©as;eBal edayesckIþeKarB sUmGñkTaMgLaycUrtaMgcitþsþab;edayesckþIeKarBcuH. kñúgGFikarenH Baküfa énRBHKafaenH elakGacarü sEmþgTIGaRs½y énkareBalvísuT§imKÁ edayBaküfa { RBHmanRBHPaK EsVgrknUvKuNd¾FM )anRtas;ehIy } enHsEmþgGMBIkareBalnUvvísuT§imKÁenaHCasMxan; / eday Baküfa xøwmsarEdlRbkbedayKuNepSg² mansIlCaedÍm tamesckþI Bit enHsEmþgdl;esckþIrYm minvíbrit edayBaküfa { eyaKI TaMgLay NakñúgsasnaenH )anbBVC¢akñúgRBHsasnarbs;RBHCínRsI )anEsnkRm kalmindwgtamesckþIBit énvísuT§imKÁ Edlse®gÁaHedayKuN mansIl CaedIm EdlekSm EdlRtg; sUm,IR)afñanUvesckþIbrisuT§i sUm,IBüayam Canic© k¾minseRmcnUvesckþIbrisuT§i)an } enHsEmþgdl;nimitþ edayBakü fa {eFVIesckþIrIkraydl;eyaKITaMgLayenaH} CakarsEmþgdl;RbeyaCn_ /


30 mhadÍka BaküniTan

edayBaküfa kalBN’naxøwmsarEdlmanvínicä½yl¥ GaRs½yn½yéneTsna rbs;RBHefr³EdlenAÉsmñak;mhavíharenaH nig edayBaküfa { eday esckþIeKarB } CakarsEmþgdl;víFIkartubEtg ehIybbYlsaFuCnTaMgLay kñúgkarsþab;edayeKarBkñúgvísuT§imKÁenaH edayBaküfa { éh ¡ saFuCnTaMgLay sUmGñkTaMgLayEdlR)afñanUvesckþIbrisuT§i cUrtaMgcitþ sþab;cuH } BitehIy sm,tþiénRBHsasnaTak;Tgedaykarsþab;y:agl¥ . kareBalGMBIvísuT§imKÁ cMeBaHxøwmsarsamBaØ KW pøÚvénesckþIbrisuT§iEdl RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;RbkasehIy eBaldl;ehIy rEmgjúaMgkareBjcitþ y:agéRkElg[ekIteLIg)an edaykarGFib,ayxøwmsarénBakü eRBaHehtu enaH edIm,InwgGFib,aynUvvísuT§imKÁenaH edayxøwmsarcMeBaHbT eTIbelak GacarüepþÍmBaküfa { ttß vísuT§i } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH bTfa ttß mann½yfa kñúgbTfa vísuT§imKÁ EdlelakGacarüeBalTukkñúgBaküfa { vísuT§imKÁM PasisSM } enaH . Baküfa evorcakmnÞilTaMgBYg mann½yfa evor KWR)ascakmnÞil )an dl; kiels manraK³CaedImTaMgBYg nig R)ascakmnÞil KW sgáielsTaMg BYg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa vísuT§imKÁy:agBit / GFib,ayfa brisuT§RKb;eBl nigRKb;Rbkar . buKÁlrEmgEsVgrk KW ravrkedIm,IseRmc nUvesckþIbrisuT§i tamEdleBalehIyedayFm’enH ehtuenaH eTIbFm’enH eQµaHfa vísuT§imeKÁa ERbfa Fm’CaehtuEsVgrkesckþIbrisuT§i . edayehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { ])ayCaehtu[seRmc elakehAfa mKÁ } . kñúgelakutþrFm’ Kb,IRCabfa vísuT§imKÁedayRtg; cMENkpøÚvEdlCa


31 mhadÍka BaküniTan

buBVPaK nigBaküRbB½½n§ ¬ EdlEtgeLIg ¦ CaTIGaRs½yénpøÚvEdlCabuBVPaK enaH k¾ehAfavísuT§imKÁdUcKña eRBaHCa])ayénelakutþrmKÁenaH . elakGacarübMNgnwgsEmþgfa vísuT§imKÁenaH RBHsasþaRTg;sEmþg edayn½yepSg ² edayvílasPaBéneTsna nig edayGFüaRs½yén evenyüstV kñúgbNþan½yTaMgGs;enaH n½yenHk¾Can½ymYyEdlRBHsasþa RTg;kan;yk eTIbepþImBaküfa { vísuT§imKÁenaH } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgenaH Baküfa kñúgTIkEnøgxøH )andl; kñúgRBHsURt xøH . edayGvFarN³fa víbsSnamtþvesenv ¬ Tak;TgedayFm’RtwmEt víbsSnab:ueNÑaH ¦elakham smf . eRBaHfa smf enaHmankarRbkb pÞúyCamYynwgvíbsSnaenaH Fm’mansIlCaedIm minEmnCaFm’manesckþI RbkbpÞúyKñaenaHeT . eday mtþ sB½Þ EdlmankarhamesckþIepSg ² elakGacarü hamnUvsmaFiEdlmanesckþIepSgKña manRbePTCa ]bcar smaFi nigGb,nasmaFi / minEmnhamRKb;smaFi edayRKan;Et eRBaHeFVI BaküGFib,ayfa CaeTsnasRmab;eyaKavcr EdlCavíbsSnayanik enaH eT . BitehIy evorxNiksmaFiecj víbsSna rEmgminseRmc . Baküfa víbsSna Kb,IRCabGnubsSnaTaMg 3 y:agpg minEmnmankar eXIjRtwmEtkarmineTogk¾eT EtkñúgRBHKafa esckþIEdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg;eFVIkarkan;ykGnic©lkçN³Etmü:ag k¾edayGMNacénRBHeyaKI man Gnic©lkçN³enaHb:ueNÑaH R)akdc,as;y:agl¥ . eyaKIenaHk¾)aneFVIlkçN³ 2 déTeTot [Cak;c,as; BicarNaehIy seRmcKuNvíess / minEmncMeBaHEtGnic©lkçN³Etmü:agenaHeT . Baküfa sgçarTaMgBYgmineTog mann½yfa sgçarTaMgBYg KWRbRBwtþeTA


32 mhadÍka BaküniTan

kñúgPUmi 3 eRBaHsgçarTaMgLayenaH KYrdl;karBicarNa . Baküfa mineTog KW minEmnCarbs;eTog minyWnyUr tictYc man esckþIRTúDeRTameTARKb;xN³ . Baküfa edaybBaØa )andl; edayvíbsSnabBaØa . Baküfa rEmg eXIj )andl; rEmgBicarNa . Baküfa eBlenaH )andl; xageRkayKW kñúgkalbnÞab;BIjaNTaMgLay man]TyBVyBaØaNCaedIm ekIteLIg ehIy . Baküfa rEmgenOyNaykñúgTukç KWrEmgenOyNay )andl; rEmg )anniBViTajaNkñúgTukç eBalKW xn§ 5 EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúg PUmi 3 EdlRTg; Rtas;fa { sgçarTaMgBYg } )aneXIjedayGakarmineTogenaH ² Ég . Baküfa enHCapøÚvénesckIþbrisuT§i mann½yfa enHKW Fm’ eBalKW niBViTanubsSnaCaehtuénFm’TaMgLay manvíraK³CaedIm Ca])ay[seRmc nUvRBHniBVan . Baküfa edayGMNacQan nig bBaØa mann½yfa eday GMNacsmf³ nigvíbsSna . Baküfa Qan enHRTg;bMNgykQanEdl Ca)aTénvíbsSna . bTfa ymði mann½yesµI ysµw eyaK buKÁel ERbfa kñúgbuKÁlNa . kñúgBaküfa Qan nig bBaØa manxøwmsardUecñH buKÁlNaeFVIQan[ Ca)aT epþÍmtaMgvíbsSna ehIyeFVIvíbsSnaenaH [QaneTAmux . Baküfa buKÁlenaHÉgenACítRBHniBVan mann½yfa buKÁlenaHenACítRBHniBVan CaR)akd KW rEmgseRmcRBHniBVanEtmü:ag . Baküfa kmµ )andl; mKÁectna . eRBaHfa mKÁectnaenaH rEmgnaM mknUvesckþIbrisuT§idl;stVTaMgLay eRBaHCa]bc©yKamiFm’ ¬ Fm’Caehtu


33 mhadÍka BaküniTan

[dl;;RBHniBVan ¦ . Baküfa víC¢a )andl; smµaTidæi . Baküfa sIl )andl; smµavaca nig smµakmµnþ³ . Baküfa CÍvítd¾]tþm )andl; smµaGaCÍv³ . Baküfa Fmµ )andl; Fm’ KW GriymKÁ 4 . n½ymü:ageTot Baküfa kmµ elakkan;yk smµakmµnþ³ . eRBaH )alIfa {mñalGavuesavísax³ smµaTidæiNa nig smµasgáb,³Na Fm’TaMgLayenH se®gÁaHcUlkñúgbBaØaxn§ } dUecñH . Baküfa víC¢a elaksMedAyk smµaTidæi nig smµasgáb,³ . Baküfa Fmµ )andl; smaFi dUcCakñúgBaküfa { ÉvM Fmµa et PKvenþa GehsuM } RBHmanRBHPaKTaMgLayenaHRTg;manFm’ ¬ smaFi ¦ y:agenH manehIy dUecñHCaedIm . edays½BÞfa smaFi enaHÉg Kb,Ikan;yknUvsmµavayam³ nig smµastipg eRBaHmanRBH)alIfa { mñalGavuesavísax³ smµavayam³ smµasti nig smµasmaFi Fm’TaMgLayenHse®gÁaHcUlkñúgsmaFixn§ } . Baküfa sIl )andl; smµavaca nig smµaGaCÍv³ . Baküfa CÍvítd¾]tþm GFib,ayfa GriymKÁmanGgÁ 8 Kb,IRCabfa elakeBalTukkñúgBaküfa CÍvítd¾]tþmenH y:agenHfa CÍvítrbs;RBHGriy buKÁlEbbenHCaCÍvítd¾]tþm . Baküfa Tak;TgCamYyFm’mansIlCaedÍm KWTak;TgCamYy sIl smaFi bBaØa nig vÍriy³ . Baküfa RKb;eBl KW Gs;kalTaMgBYg cab;taMgBI)ansmaTan . Baküfa dl;RBmedaysIl KW dl;;RBm )andl; Rbkbedayctub,arisuT§isIlsm,Ta . Baküfa manbBaØa KW RbkbedaybBaØaEdlCaelakiy nig elakutþr . Baküfa mancitþtaMg


34 mhadÍka BaküniTan

maMl¥ehIy KW mancitþtaMgmaMehIyedayl¥ edaysmaFiEdlsm,yutþCa mYynwgbBaØaenaH. Baküfa manesckþIBüayamEdlR)arB§ehIy KW man esckþIBüayampÁgeLIgehIy edIm,IlHbg;nUvGkuslFm’ edIm,IjúaMgkusl Fm’[cUleTAdl;RBm . Baküfa manxøÜnbBa¢ÚneTAehIy KW mancitþminsmøwgkay nig CÍvít eRBaHPaBCaGñkmanxøÜnbBa¢ÚneTAkan;;RBHniBVan . Baküfa »X )andl; »X³TaMg 4 y:ag mankaemaX³CaedIm b¤)an dl; »X³FM KW sgSarenaHÉg . bTfa Ékayena ERbfa pøÚvEtmYy. BitehIy Gyn s½½BÞkñúg TIenHCa briyayrbs; mKÁ EdlERbfa pøÚv eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbmanesckþIfa mñal PikçúTaMgLay pøÚvenHCapøÚvÉkminEmnCapøÚvEbkCaBIr . n½ymü:ageTot man GtßvíeRKaHfa eQµaHfa Ékayn eRBaHGtßfa dl; KW eTAkan;Fm’Ék )andl; RBHniBVan . n½ymü:ageTot eQµaHfa Ékayn eRBaHGtßfa EdlbuKÁlmñak; KW Ca GñklHbg;karsñiT§sñaledayBYkKN³ehIy CaGñks¶b; Kb,Idl; KW Kb,I bdibtþi . n½ymü:ageTot Fm’eQµaHfa Gyn eRBaHGtßfa CaeRKÓgdl; / Fm’CaeRKÓgdl;EtmYyRBHGgÁÉg KWCaGñkRbesIrbMput )andl; RBHman RBHPaK eRBaHCaFm’EdlRTg;[ekIteLIgehIy ehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa Ékayn . n½ymü:ageTot Fm’CaeRKÓgdl;kñúgFm’CaÉk KW kñúgRBHFmµvín½yenH bu:eNÑaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa Ékayn . Baküfa edÍm,IesckIþbrisuT§iénstVTaMgLay KW edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;


35 mhadÍka BaküniTan

esckþIbrisuT§i )andl; edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;PaBbrisuT§iénstVTaMgLay cak mnÞilKWkiels manraK³CaedIm nigcak]bkáiels manGPiCÄavísmelaP³ CaedIm . bTfa yTiTM Cani)at mann½y esµIKñanwg ey \em . RBHman RBHPaKRtas;fa { ctþaera stib,dæana } dUecñH eRBaHRBHFm’EdlRtas; dl;mKÁedaylkçN³ RBmTaMgkic©kñúgeBlmun nig edayGtßfa CapøÚvenaH Ég/ ebICaFm’man 4 y:ag edayPaBepSgKñaénGarmµN_ mankayCaedIm . eday GaTi s½BÞkñúgbTfa smµb,FanaTIsu kñúgFm’TaMgLay man smµb,FanCaedIm / Kb,IRCabkarse®gÁaHFm’TaMgLay manesckþIrIkray éRkElgkñúgesckþIminRbmaTCaedIm . BitehIy kñúgTIkEnøgxøH RBHman RBHPaKk¾RTg;sEmþgvísuT§imKÁTak;TgCamYyFm’ mankarrIkraykñúgesckIþmin RbmaTCaedIm . dUcEdlRtas;fa { PikçúrIkraykñúgesckþIminRbmaT b¤ eXIjP½ykñúg esckþIRbmaT / minmanesckþIvínas rEmgenACítRBHniBVanEtmü:ag} dUecñH. bTfa tRt mann½yesµInwg tsSM eyaK KafayM ERbfa kñúgRBHKafa enaH karsMvNÑnaedayBisþarénRBHKafaEdlnwgeBalxagmux RtÚvenAkñúg zan³CanieTÞs ¬ karGFib,ayesckþI ¦ nig bdinieTÞs ¬ karsrubesckþI ¦ karBN’naesckþIEdlsegçbCagenaH taMgenAkñúgzan³Ca]eTÞs ¬ elIk eLIgsEmþg ¦ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { teTAenHCakar BN’naedaysegçb } eRBaHkarnieTÞs nig bdinieTÞsnUvxøwmsartamEdl )an]eTÞsehIy rEmgeFVI)angay nig eFVI[yl;)angaypgEdr . vínicä½ykñúgBaküfa taMgenAkñúgsIlteTA Baküfa kñúgsIl )andl; kñúgsIlEdlCakusl . sUm,IGkuslTaMgLay k¾eQµaHfa sIl dUckñúg


36 mhadÍka BaküniTan

Baküfa { mñalfbti GkuslsIldUcemþc ? } dUecñHy:agBit . dUecñH sUm,IkiriyasIl k¾minKYredIm,ICaTItaMgénkarceRmIncitþ nig bBaØa nwgeBal fVÍdl;GkuslsIl eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTIenH eTIbelakeBalsMedAyk kuslsIl Etmü:ag . vínicä½ykñúgBaküfa eFVIsIl[brisuT§ CaedImteTA / Baküfa eFVI[ brisuT§ )andl; rvaMgedayCMuvíj b¤ eFVI[ceRmInedayCMuvíj / GFib,ayfa sRgÜmCanic© nig minelµIsedaycMENkTaMgBYg buKÁlmansPaBEbbenaH minlHnUvsIlenaH eQµaHfa CaGñktaMgenAkñúgsIlenaH . bTfa sIel CastþmIvíPtþi cuHkñúg GaFar³ . Baküfa taMgenA man n½yfa TItaMgGaRs½yman 2 y:ag edayEckecjCanisSyb,c©½y nig ]bnisSyb,c©½y . kñúgBIry:agenaH TItaMgGaRs½yEdlCa]bnisSyb,c©½y Caelakiy TItaMgEdlCanisSyb,c©½yCaelakutþr eRBaHkarkan;ykminEbk Kña Etkñúgkarkan;ykEdlEbkKña TItaMgGaRs½yEdlCanisSyb,c©½y nig ]bnisSyb,c©½y rEmgmankñúgcitþúb,aTEdlCaelakiy Tak;TgCamYyFm’ EdlekItrYmKña Fm’EdlekItmun nigFm’EdlekIteRkay y:agNa / sUm,ITI taMgGaRs½yCa]bnisSyb,c©½y k¾rEmgmankñúgelakutþrTaMgLayeday GMNacsIlkñúgmKÁ nig plxageRkam y:agenaH . Kb,IRCabesckþIénbTfa btidæay CabuBVkalkiriya dUcCakñúgBaküfa sT§M ]bnisSay GaRs½ysT§aCaedIm kñúgeBlR)afñaTItaMgGaRs½yEdl Ca]bnisSyb,c©½y . edayehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa { kñúgkal mun kaykmµ vcIkmµ GaCÍv³rbs;BYkeKCarbs;brisuT§ } . EteBlbMNgykTIGaRs½y TIEdlCanisSyb,c©½y Kb,IRCabesckþI


37 mhadÍka BaküniTan

Tak;TgCasmankalkiriya dUcCaBaküfa ckçúBa© bdíc© GaRs½yckçúdUecñH CaedIm . BitehIy Fm’TaMgLayman smµavaca CaedIm rEmgCa nisSyb,c©½y eRBaHCaFm’EdlekItrYmCamYynwgFm’TaMgLay mansmµaTidæi CaedIm Edlsm,yutþCamYyxøÜn . stVNaEtgnaMmux KWbdíbtþiCatYy:ag ehtuenaH stVenaH eQµaHfa nr )andl; burs . dUcy:agfa stVEdlCaFmµtaRbRBwtþimuneK RbRBwtþeTACa RbRktI KWRbRBwtþeTAy:agRbesIr KWkñúgzan³d¾éRkElg edayGtßfa RbesIrCag karRbRBwtþtamFmµta ehtuenaH stVenaH eTIbehAfa buris Gñkd¾RbesIr y:agNa burs ehAfa nr k¾edaykarsmÁal;fa naMmux dUecñHÉg . Bit ehIy buKÁlsUm,ICabutþ bgRbús b¥ÚnRbús k¾rEmgtaMgenAkñúgzan³Cabita rbs;mata nigCabgRsI)an caM)ac;eBalfVÍdl;burseRkABIenHEdltaMgenA kñúgzan³Cabitarbs;®sþIeRkABIenH . ®sþIEdleQµaHfa narI eRBaHRbkbeday nr b¤ eRBaHesckþIfa ®sþIenH Carbs; nr . kñúgTIenH ®sþIenaH k¾GaceFVI[vínasx©at;x©aynUveRKÓgcak; ERsH KW tNða)anedayBit sUm,Iy:agenaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg;sEmþg cMeBaHstVEdlCaRbFanbu:eNÑaH eTIbRtas;fa nr dUcBaküfa stßa eTvmnusSanM CasasþaénmnusS nig eTvtaTaMgLay . EtkñúgGdækfa elak eBalfa nr )andl; stV dUecñH . kalnwgsEmþgfa nr enHCabriyayén buKÁl eRBaHminTan;)anEckecjeTA . Baküfa manbBaØa mann½yfa stV NaRbRBwtþeTAmanbBaØaCaví)ak ehtuenaH stVenaH eQµaHfa manbBaØa . BitehIy stVenaHrEmgKYrdl;nUvPav³EdlnwgKb,IeBalfa manbBaØa RBm TaMgKuNvíessedaybBaØaenaH eTIbRbRBwtþeTAkñúgcMENkCaeRcInEdlTak;-


38 mhadÍka BaküniTan

TgCamYysnþantaMgEtBIedIm . bBaØaCaví)akrEmgCa]bnisS½ydl;karekIt eLIgénPavnabBaØa edaykareFVInUvsnþan[epSgKña eRBaHGehtukstV nig TuehtukstV minmanbBaØaCaví)akenaHeT . mü:agvíjeTot KYrniyay)anfa manbBaØaedayGMNacénbBaØaeFVIkic© enaH ² EdlehAfa sm,CBaس . EtkñúgGdækfaelakkan;ykbBaØaEdl RbRBwtþeTAkñúgkarrkSaeday nibk s½BÞ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarü eBalnUvGtß TukkñúgTIenH Tak;TgCamYynwgbBaØaEdlCaví)akEtmü:ag . bTfa kmµC¢tiehtukbdísn§ibBaØay Kb,IP¢ab; tiehtuk s½BÞ cUlKña/ bdísn§i s½BÞ minEmncUlCamYy bBaØa s½BÞ y:agenHfa kmµC¢ay tiehtuk bdísn§iyM bBaØay ERbfa edaybBaØakñúgbdisn§i EdlCa tiehtuk³ekItGMBIkmµ . eRBaHminmanbBaØaEdlCatiehtuk³ . bBaØaEdl RbRBwtþeTAtaMgBIbdisn§i elakehAfa { bBaØakñúgbdisn§i } eRBaHman bdisni§enaHCamUl minEmnRbRBwtþeTAEtkñúgxN³bdisn§ib:ueNÑaHeT . FmµCatieQµaHfa citþ eRBaHGtßfa Kit KW smøwgGarmµN_ )andl; smaFi . BitehIy smaFienaH mankarcUleTAsmøwgy:agCítCakic© . eRBaHFm’’ TaMgLay manvítká³CaedIm evorcaksmaFienaHehIy rEmgjúaMgRbeyaCn_ [seRmck¾eT cMENksmaFi sUm,IevorcakFm’manvítká³CaedImenaH k¾Gac júaMgRbeyaCn_[seRmc)andUecñHÉg . FmµCatieQµaHfa citþ edayGtßfa Edlbc©½yTaMgLaysnSMehIy [dl;PaBCaFmµCatirh½srhYn nig man kmøaMg . eQµaHfa citþ edayGtßfa snSMsnþany:agenaHk¾man )andl; smaFi . smaFi eQµaHfa citþ eRBaHCaFmµµCativíciRtedaycitþ eday


39 mhadÍka BaküniTan

GMNacQan manbzmCÄanCaedIm nigeRBaHeFVI[víciRt mankarsEmþgb£T§i )anCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH eTaHevorcakkarGagx>déT smaFienaH k¾ manbriyayfaCa citþ Edr . EtkñúgGdækfa elakeBalfa { smaFiRTg; sEmþgGFib,aykñúgTIenHedayelIkcitþCasMxan; } eRBaHeFVIGFib,ayfa citþ s½BÞ eRbIsaMEdlenAkñúgerOgénvíBaØaN . FmµCatieQµaHfa bBaØa eRBaHGtßfa dwgsPav³tamesckþIBit eday RbkarTaMgBYg . bBaØaenaHmaneRcIny:agedayesckþIepSgKñaénbBaØaEdl CakuslCaedImedayBit / sUm,Iy:agenaH bBaØaEdlKb,IceRmIn RTg;sMedA ykkñúgTIenH eRBaHRBH)alIfa { PavyMM } ¬ ceRmInehIy ¦ ehtuenaH eTIb elakGacarüeBalfa {víbsSna} edIm,InwgsEmþgnUvbBaØaEdlKb,IceRmIn. bTfa PavyM Kb,IRbkbkñúgbTmYyfa { citþBa© PavyM bBaØBa© PavyM } ERbfa ceRmIncitþ nig ceRmInbBaØadUecñH . sYrfa citþnigbBaØaTaMg 2 enH Caelakiy b¤Caelakutþr ? eqøIyfa Kb,IeXIjfa Caelakutþr eRBaHsEmþg kMNt;y:agx<s; . [

BitehIy PikçúkalceRmIncitþnigbBaØaenaH elakehAfakMBugqáareday GMNacénkarkat;CasmuecäTnUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða kñúgxN³énGriymKÁ eTIbminEmnCaelakiy . EtkñúgTIenHkan;ykcitþ nig bBaØa EdlCa elakiyEtmü:ag edayPav³minEmnCaGnnþriykFm’ ¬ Fm’EdlminmanGVI XaMgrvag)an ¦ eRBaHevorcaksmf³ nig víbsSnaEdlCaelakiy / smf³ nig víbsSnaEdlCaelakutþr k¾ekIteLIgmin)an . eRBaHfa sRmab; eyaKavcrEdlCasmfyanik evorsmaFi man]bcar³nigGb,na/ sRmab; eyaKavcrEdlCavíbsSnayanik evorxNiksmaFi / sRmab;TaMg 2 BYk


40 mhadÍka BaküniTan

evorvíemakçmuxTaMg 3 ecjehIy nwgmankarseRmcnUvelakutþrFm’kñúgkal Na ² k¾ min)an . ehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { ceRmInsmf³ nig víbsSna kñúg BIrRbkarenaH elaksMedAyksmf³ nig víbsSnaEdlCaelakiy . bTfa PavyM enH eBaldl; kiriya KW karceRmInCaehtu GFib,ayfa eRBaHehtu énkarceRmIn . eRBaHfa kiriya KWkarqáarmankarceRmInsmf³ nig víbsSna enaHCaehtu . EteBlsMedAykFm’EdlCaelakutþr k¾sEmþgPav³Edl CabuBVPaK Etmü:ag eRBaHfa CakarqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða man RBmCamYynwgkarceRmIn citþ nig bBaØa TaMg 2 enaHÉg . 2bTfa { GatabI ¬ manesckþIBüayam ¦ nibeka¬ manbBaØarkSaxøÜn ¦} enHCaBakükMNt;Fm’EdlCa]bkar³dl;PavnatamEdleBalehIy. eRBaH fa Fm’ 3Rbkar enHKW vÍriy³ sti sm,CBaس CaFm’man]bkar³eRcIndl; GñkRbkbkmµdæan . BitehIy kmµdæanEdlman vÍriy³]btßmÖ mansti nig sm,CBaسbRmúgrkSa rEmgminFøak;cuH nig rEmgnaMmknUvKuNvíessCan;x<s; eLIg . kñúgbNþaFm’TaMgLayenH karseRmcénsT§a rEmgman)anedaykar seRmcénTItaMgGaRs½ynigedaykarseRmcénFm’man vÍriy³ CaedIm eRBaH sIlmansT§aCa]bnisSyb,c©½y . BitehIy eBlbuKÁlmineCOvtßúEdlKYreCO Fm’TaMgLayman vÍriy³Ca edIm tamEdleBalehIy minGacnwgman)anenaHeT sUm,ITaMgsmaFik¾ dUecñaHEdr dUcCakarseRmcénsT§a )anedayFm’ manvÍriy³CaedIm eRBaH PaBCaehtu y:agNa karseRmcénsmaFi k¾)anedayFm’ manvÍriy³ CaedImEdr eRBaHCapldUcKña .


41 mhadÍka BaküniTan

eRBaHfa eBlFm’TaMgLaymanvÍriy³CaedImdl;RBmehIy smaFik¾Ca Fm’dl;RBm eRBaHbuKÁlminmansmaFi k¾minmanvÍriy³ . kñúgesckþIenH karseRmcénstimandUcemþc ? eqøIyfa maneRBaH s½BÞfa nibk ERbfa GñkmanbBaØarkSaxøÜn . BitehIy stidl;nUvPav³rwgbwugrh½srhYn elakehAfa enbkM dUc EdlRTg;Rtas;fa bremn stienbekn smnñaKeta RbkbedaybBaØa rkSaxøÜn KW bribUredaysti dUecñH . EtkñúgGdækfaelak sEmþgxøwmsarTuk dUecñHfa enbk )andl; bBaØa sUm,Istik¾sMedAyk enbk s½BÞenaHEdr . eRBaH bBaØaevorcakstiehIy k¾manmin)an . EtGacarüBYkxøHeBalesckþIén bTfa nibeka )andl; seta ERbfa mansti eRBaHsUm,I)arihariyb,BaØa KWbBaØaEdlRbkbkñúgkarrkSa elak kan;ykedaybTfa sbBaØa ¬ manbBaØa ¦enaHÉg . karlHkielsTaMgLay CakareFVIkiels[ekþA karlHkielsenaHman edayFm’TaMgLaymansmµaTidæiCaedIm y:agBit . sUm,Iy:agenaH Gatb s½BÞ k¾eRbICab;mat;kñúgvÍriy³Etmü:ag dUcCa Gatb s½BÞ / eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa GatabI ERbfa manesckþIBüayam . mü:ageTot karjúaMgkielsenaH[ekþAvíesséRkElg )andl; vÍriy³ EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNackareFVIsm,yutþFm’TaMgLay []sSah_éRk Elg kñúgkarlHbg;Fm’EdlCabdibkç dUecñH eTIbelakehAcMeBaHvÍriy³ Etmü:agbu:eNÑaH minehAcMeBaHFm’déTenaHeT . | GkSrfa GatabI sEmþgdl;karsresIr b¤ n½yfa víesséRkElg .


42 mhadÍka BaküniTan

sUm,I va s½BÞ kñúgBaküfa vÍriyva k¾Kb,I eXIjfa mankarsmÁal;dUecñH dUcKña . edaybTfa vÍriyva enaH elakGacarüeBaledayPaBCaGñkman karRBmeRBógedaysmµb,Fan . ehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa júaMgkiels[ekþATUeTA nig [ ekþAedayCMuvíj . kñúgBaküenaH edays½BÞfa Gatabn elakGacarüeBaldl;GarmÖFatu ¬karR)arB§ ¦ eRBaHeFVIGFib,ayfa )andl; karepþÍmnUvesckþIBüayamtaMgBI edIm / edays½BÞ britabn elakeBaldl; nikámFatu nig brkámFatu eRBaHGaRs½yPaBCaGñkecjcakFm’EdlCabdibkçedayRbkarTaMgBYg nig kardl;nUvKuNvíessx<s;eLIg ² . PikçúeQµaHfa nibeka eRBaHGtßfa júaMg Fm’EdlCabdibkç[s¶Üt KW [hYtGs; b¤ eRBaHGtßfa rkSa KW XMuRKgxøÜnBI Fm’EdlCabdibkçenaH )andl; Gñkmansm,CBaس . bBaØa eQµaHfa )ariharika eRBaHGtßfa RbkbkñúgkarrkSakmµdæan . bBaØa eQµaHfa sBVkic©briNayika eRBaHGtßfa kMNt;naMeTAnUvkic© RKb;y:ag mankarQaneTAxagmuxCaedIm edayGMNacsm,CBaس man satßksm,CBaسCaedIm . mü:ageTot bBaØakMNt;naMeTAnUvkic©TaMgBYg manCaGaT×y:agenHKW kar eronkmµdæan karsaksYr karepþÍmPavna víFImnsikar nigPaBCaGñkeFVIeday eKarBkñúgkmµdæanenaH PaBCaGñkeFVICab;tKña PaBCaGñkeFVIedaysb,ay Ca Gñkqøatkñúgnimitþ CaGñkmanxøÜnbBa¢ÚneTAehIy CaGñkminsøútcitþkñúgcenøaH ² karjúaMgPaBesµIKñaén\®nÞIy_[seRmc karRbkbesckþIBüayam[esµIKña eQµaHfa sBVkic©briNayika ERbfa kMNt;naMeTAnUvkic©TaMgBYg .


43 mhadÍka BaküniTan

edaykareBallkçN³énPikçúCaTUeTAfa eQµaHfa Pikçú eRBaHGtßfa eXIjP½y dUecñHelakGacarüsEmþgfa PaBCaPikçú manedaykarbdibtþi minEmn manedaykarsuM nig PaBCaGñkeRbIpÞaMgsMBt;dac;dacCaedImk¾eT . dUecñH k¾se®gÁaHbuKÁlTaMgLayenaH mansameNrCaedIm CaGñkmankic© )aneFVIehIy nig GñkbdibtþiTaMgLaysUm,Imin)anbYs . kñúgTIenH Kb,I RCab esckþITak;TgCamYyGñkbdibtþi . n½ymü:ageTot eQµaHfa Pikçú eRBaHGtßfa TmøayGkuslFm’d¾lamk TaMgLay. Baküfa Kb,IqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsH mann½yfa PikçúNaCanr³ EdlmanbBaØataMgenAkñúgsIl mankarBüayam manbBaØarkSaxøÜn / Edl RTg;Rtas;fa Gb;rMcitþ nigbBaØaehIy/ PikçúenaHGacqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNðaenH)an . \LÚvenH elakGacarü manbMNgnwgsEmþgnUvkarqáar eRKÓgcak;ERsHenaH eRbóbeFobCamYynwgkarqáarKum<b£sSI eTIbbBa¢ak;nUv Fm’ mansIlCaedIm tamEdlRTg;Rtas;TukkñúgKafaedayBaküfa { eday sIlenH } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH kalelakGacarükan;ykFm’ mansIl CaedImenaHrYmKña k¾eBalfa { GñkRbkbedayFm’ 6 Rbkar }dUecñH eRBaHFm’ mansIlCaedIm EdlenAkñúgsnþanrbs;eyaKavcr ekItkñúgxN³epSgKña / RBHmanRBHPaKkMNt;ykkñúgRBHKafaenHedaykarbBa©ÚlKña . eRBaHFm’ 6 Rbkar enaHnwg)ankñúgxN³CamYyKñakñúgsnþanEtmYy k¾eT . mü:ageTot RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;PasitRBHKafaedaybuKÁlaFidæan dUecñH eBlelakGacarüsEmþg]bmaEdlCabuKÁlaFidæanenHÉg eTIbeBalBaküfa {eRbóbdUcCaburs } dUecñH .


44 mhadÍka BaküniTan

kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa sMelogl¥ehIy KW xat;[swk y:agl¥ GFib,ayfa muty:agéRkElgminGacnwgeRbób)an . elakGacarü eBal]bmaeFVInaTITaMg 2 RbkarenH KW karsMelogs®sþa[Carbs;mut xøaMgelIfµsRmab;sMelog 1 karelIks®sþaenaHedaykmøaMgéd 1 dUecñH eBlsEmþgnaTITaMg 2 enaH TukkñúgBakü]bma eTIbeBalfa { elIks®sþa KW víbsSna EdlsMelogl¥ehIyelIsila KWsmaFi edayédKW )arihariyb,BaØa EdlkmøaMgKW vÍríy³pÁgehIy } dUecñH . BitehIy bBaØaCaFmµCatimutk¾edayKuN KW smaFi . edayehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa { GñkmancitþtaMgmaMrEmgdwgc,as;tamesckþI Bit } . mü:ageTot vÍriy³ k¾CaGñk]btßmÖbBaØaenaH eRBaHkarpÁgTuk . Baküfa Kb,Iqáar KW GacedIm,Inwgqáar . eBlvudæanKaminIvíbsSnaRbRBwtþeTA ehIy eTIbeyaKavcrCaGñk eQµaHfa GacqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða . ÉkarqáarkñúgTIenH )andl; karlHbg;edayGMNacsmuecäTb,han dUecñH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { Kb,Ikat; Kb,ITmøay } buKÁlNaKYrdl;nUv TkçiNa ehtuenaHbuKÁlenaH eQµaHfa TkçieNeyüa ERbfa GñkKYrdl; TkçiNa / buKÁlKYrdl;TkçiNaenaHpg CaGñkd¾elIspg ehtuenaHeTIb eQµaHfa GKÁTkçieNeyüa ERbfa GñkEdlKYrdl;TkçiNad¾elIs . mü:agvíjeTot TkçiNad¾elIs eQµaHfa GKÁTkçiNa ERbfa TkçiNad¾ RbesIr buKÁlNa rEmgKYrdl;nUvTkçiNad¾elIsenaH ehtuenaHbuKÁlenaH eQµaHfa GKÁTkçieNeyüa ERbfa GñkKYrdl;TkçiNad¾elIs . bTfa tRt mann½yesµInwg tsSM eyaK KafayM ERbfa kñúgRBHKafa enaH . bTfa GyM eyaK {nera PikçÚ}ti c vuetþa eyaKavcera ERbfa


45 mhadÍka BaküniTan

eyaKavcrEdlRtas;fa nr³ nigfa Pikçú . bTfa tRt teTA mann½yesµInwg tsSM eyaK bBaØayM ERbfa kñúgbBaØaenaH . bTfa GsS eyaK Pikçúena ERbfa PikçúenaH . bTfa GsS enHCaqdæÍvíPtþicuHkñúg ktþú mann½yesµIKñanwg Genn ERbfa PikçúenaH . kic©EdlPikçúenaHnwgKYreFVIminman eRBaHbBaØakñúg tiehtukbdisn§i KµankarkMNt;esckIþepSg²eT eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak GacarüeBalfa { eRBaHbBaØaenaHseRmcehIy edayGanuPaBénkmµ kñúg kalmunenaHÉg}. bTfa etn eyaK eyaKina ERbfa EdleyaKIenaH . eQµaHfa CaGñkeFVICab;tKña eRBaHPaBCaGñkmanBüayamRbRBwtþeTACab;t KñakñúgPavna . Baküfa edayGMNacénbBaØa KW edayGMNacénbBaØa eBalKW bBaØarkSaxøÜntamEdl)aneBalehIy . kic©y:agNamYyEdlKYr eFVI / PikçúeFVInUvkic©enaHTaMgGs;CaRbRktI edayGMNackardwgd¾RbéB ehtu enaHPikçúenaH eQµaHfa sm,CankarI GñkmankarRbRBwtþiCaRbRktI eday GMNackardwgRtÚv / mü:ageTot kareFVIkaryl;RtÚvkñúgkic©enaH mandl;Pikçú enaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaHeQµaHfa sm,CankarI GñkmankarRbRBwtþiRtÚvl¥ / n½ymü:ageTot PikçúNaeFVIkardwgxøÜn KW karminvegVg )andl; [ekIteLIg ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eQµaHfa sm,CankarI CaGñkeFVIesckþIdwgxøÜn / PikçúCa GñkeFVIkardwgd¾RbéB . bTfa GRt mann½yesµI GsSM eyaK KafayM ERbfa kñúgKafaenaH . eRBaHkarBüayamCaGgÁrbs;Fm’TaMgLayenaH kñúg karjúaMgKuN mansIlCaedIm [dl;RBm eTIbelakGacarüminkan;ykkar BüayamenaHCaEpñkmYy eBalfa {edaymux KW sIl smaFi nig bBaØa}. elakGacarü kaleBalesckþIrYméneTsna edayminEckfa { RBH manRBHPaKsEmþgpøÚvénesckþIbrisuT§i } dUecñHehIybMNgnwgsEmþgesckþI


46 mhadÍka BaküniTan

rYmenaH edaykarEckeTot eTIbeBalBaküfa { edaylMdab;énBaküman RbmaNb:ueNÑH } KW edayeTsnaRtwmb:ueNÑH dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa edaylMdab;énBaküRtwm b:ueNÑH KW edayeTsnaRtwmb:ueNÑH . Baküfa sikça mann½yfa eQµaHfa sikça eRBaHGtßfa KYrsikSa . Kb,Iyl;fa karsikSakñúgTIenH )andl; kar esBrhUt)anCaTmøab; . BitehIy buKÁleBlesBrhUtdl;Føab;kñúgFm’ mansIlCaedIm eday GMNackarsRgÜmCaedIm ehAfa sikSaFm’mansIlCaedImTaMgLayenaH . Baküfa sasna )andl; bdibtþisasna . ]bnisS½y )andl; ehtuEdlmankmøaMg . karevor )andl; karmincUleTACít . karesB )andl; karceRmIn . Baküfa bdíbkç )andl; bdíbkçEdlCatYlHbg; . kñúgRBHKafa RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;TukCasamBaØfa { kñúgsIl } Rtas; fa { kñúgGFisIl } k¾eT . sUm,Iy:agenaH k¾RTg;Rtas;bMNgyksIl enaH EdlCaTItaMgénkarqáarnUveRKÓgcak;ERsH KW tNða eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { GFisIlsikçaenHRTg;RbkasehIyedaysIl } . BitehIy sIlEdlCaehtujúaMgstV[eTAkan;PB KW CasIl ¬ Fmµta ¦ enaHÉg sIlEdljúaMgstV[)andl;RBHniBVan KWCa GFisIlsikça . k¾BaküeRkInrMlwkedaysamBaØ rEmgtaMgcuHkñúgesckþIBiess)an kñúg sikçad¾ess k¾mann½ydUcKña . Baküfa edaysIl KW edaysIlEdlCaGFisIlsikça . BitehIy sIlenaHrEmgRbkasGMBIsasnaEdlmanlm¥bTedIm eRBaH CaBaküeRbónRbedAEdlminTUeTAdl;sasnadéT / sIl RtwmEtfa sIl


47 mhadÍka BaküniTan

man ymsIl nig niymsIl CaedIm k¾Rbkasmin)an . ehtuenaH eTIb RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa sIlEdlbrisuT§l¥ehIy 1 nig karmineFVI)ab TaMgBYg dUecñH . Baküfa énkuslFm’TaMgLay )andl; énmKÁkuslTaMgLay . mü:agvíjeTot Baküfa énkuslFm’TaMgLay )andl; énFm’ TaMgLayEdlminmaneTas . tamBaküfa énkuslFm’TaMgLayenaH k¾ CakarseRmcnUvkarrYbrYmFm’ KW GriyplTaMgLaycUlpgEdr . Baküfa mineFVI)abTaMgBYg )andl; karmineFVI karminRtÚvkmµ man eTasTaMgBYg . edayBaküfa rEmgeFVIkarkan;yksIlTaMgBYgEdlepSg eday caritsIlnigvaritsIl . BitehIy karmineFVIkmµTaMgBYgk¾maneTas dUcKña dUecñHÉg . bTfa GaTivcneta mann½yfa eRBaHRTg;Rtas;TukCa xagedIménsmaFi nigbBaØaEdlRtas;TukkñúgKafa . sIlenaHÉgCaxag edIm eRBaH]tþrimnusSFm’TaMgLaymansIlenaHCamUl . n½ymü:ageTot karRtas;nUvFm’EdlCaxagedImTaMgLay eQµaHfa GaTivcnM ERbfa kar Rtas;nUvFm’EdlCaxagedIm . eday GaTi s½BÞ kñúgTIenH Kb,IRCabnUvkar se®gÁaHFm’TaMgLayCaGaT×y:agenHKW { sIl smaFi bBaØa nig vímutþi EdlCakMBUl } . eRBaHsIlCaKuNCatibrisuT§ eTIbsIlnaMmknUvKuN man karminmanvíb,disarICaedIm eRBaHeFVIehtuénvíb,disarICaedIm[Xøatq¶ay . bNÐitKb,Iyl;edayBaküfa { eRBaHnaMmknUvKuN mankarminman víb,disarICaedIm } enH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;sEmþgnUvsIledayKuN man PaBs¥atEtmü:agenaHk¾eT tamBit RTg;sEmþgnUvPaBCaxagedImpgEdr . BitehIy RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;nUvsIlenaHCabc©½yt ² énFm’TaMgLay


48 mhadÍka BaküniTan

mankarminmanvíb,disarICaedIm manvímutþiBaØaNCaTIbMputTukkñúgRBHsURt . Baküfa edaysmaFi KW edaysmaFiEdlCaGFicitþsikça . kñúgRBHKafa EdlrYbrYmRBHsasnaTaMgGs; edayehtu eRBaHsIlKb,I bdibtþiCaxagedIm eTIbelakkan;ykedaybTedIm eRBaHbBaØaKb,Ibdibtþi kñúgTIbMput eTIbelakkan;ykedaybTTI 3 elakGacarükan;yksmaFiEdl Kb,IbdibtþikñúgbTkNþaledaybTTI 2 eday)ariessn½y . eTIbelak GacarüeBalTukfa { BitehIy smaFiCabTkNþalénRBHsasna eRBaH RBH)alIfa kuslsS ]bsm,Ta } karjúaMgkuslFm’[dl;RBm dUecñH CaedIm / minEmneBaleRBaHkusls½BÞ Cabriyayrbs;smaFienaHeT . RBHeyaKIEdlman]bnisS½ykñúgkalmun CaGñkKYrdl;GPinIharEdlRbkb edayGgÁ 8 manPaBCaGñkmancitþtaMgmaMCaedIm CakarnaMmknUvKuN man \T§ivíFI karsEmþgb£T§i)anCaedIménsmaFi / kal)anseRmcnUvbBaØakñúg GriymKÁehIy kulbutþrEmgbYsedIm,IRbeyaCn_Na RbeyaCn_enaHseRmc ehIy eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbbBaØaCaTIbMputénRBHsasna . ehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkenA cb;RBhµcriyenHehIy mansikçaCaGanisgS mansT§aCaFM manbBaØaCa kMBUl manvímutþiCaxøwm }dUecñH . citþrbs;xøÜn eQµaHfa scitþM ERbfa citþ rbs;xøÜn . kareFVIcitþrbs;xøÜn[brisuT§edaykarlHkiels)anCasmuecäT edayRbkarTaMgBYg eQµaHfa kareFVIcitþrbs;xøÜn[pUrpg; . Kb,IRCab esckþIEdlRBHsasnamanbBaØaCakMBUl eRBaHeBlkic©énbBaØadl;TIbMput y:agenH k¾minmankic©EdlKb,IeFVI[éRkElgeLIgeTAeToteT . Baküfa eRBaHPaBCaGñknaMmknUvPaBmaMTaM esckþIfa CabuKÁlFmµta


49 mhadÍka BaküniTan

kñúg\dæarmµN_TaMgLaynigkñúgelakFm’ manlaPCaedIm/ eRBaHminmanPaB rIkray k¾dUcKñakñúgGnidæarmµN_TaMgLay nig kñúgesckþIvínaslaPCaedIm eRBaHminmankarTas;citþ . n½ymü:ageTot eRBaHehtuenaHÉg buKÁlFmµta kñúg\dæarmµN_ nig GnidæarmµN_ EdlminTan;mkkan;Knøg k¾dUcKñakñúg \dæarmµN_ nig GnidæarmµN_Edlmkkan;KnøgehIy eRBaHehtuenaH buKÁl enaH eTIbeQµaHfa taTI ¬ERbfa buKÁldUecñaH sMedAdl;GñkmaMTaM ¦ . Pav³énbuKÁlEdlCa taTI enaH eQµaHfa taTiPav ¬ ERbfa PaBCaGñk dUecñaH KW PaBCaGñkmaMTaM ¦ eRBaHnaMmknUvPaBCaGñkrwgmaMenaH . Baküfa edayxül; KW eRBaHxül;Caehtu . bTfa n smIrti ERbfa rEmgmin jab;j½r . bTfa n smiBa¢nþi ERbfa minkeRmIk GFib,ayfa PaBjab;j½r nwgmanmkBITINa . bTfa tfa mann½yfa tfa s½BÞ manGtßfa rYbrYmvíFIRbkasFm’ TaMgLay enaHfa Fm’TaMgLaymansIlCaedIm RbkasFm’TaMgLayman GFisIlsikçaCaedIm y:agNa / k¾Rbkas]bnisS½yénPaBCaGñk)anvíC¢a 3 CaedImdUecñH . eRBaHsIl kalebIbrisuT§ rEmgbrisuT§edaykmøaMgén stism,CBaس nig rEmgR)ascaknUvmnÞil KW sgáíels ehIydl;nUvPaB bribUrN_edaykmøaMg KW kmµsSktajaN / dUecñaHsIlsm,TaeBlseRmc rEmgjúaMgkmøaMg KW sti nig kmøaMg KW jaN[cUleTAtaMgTukedayPaBCa ]bnisSysm,tþi eRBaHehtuenaH Kb,IRCabfa esckþIEdlsIlsm,TaCa ]bnisS½yénvíC¢a 3 eRBaHjúaMgehtuEdlCasPaK³Kña[seRmc . BitehIy víC¢a KW bueBVnivasBaØaNseRmc)ank¾edaystirkSaxøÜn / víC¢a TII 2 EdlTak;TgedaycutUb)atBaØaN seRmc)anedaysm,CBaس eday


50 mhadÍka BaküniTan

PaBFøab; b¤ PaBCaGñkmanRbRktIeXIj)ankñúgkic©TaMgBYg / víC¢a TI 3 seRmc)ank¾edayPaBbrisuT§iénGFüaRs½y edayGMNacén]bnisS½y én vívdþþ³ eRBaHPav³ KW karlHsgáíelsedayminmankarknøgelµIs . karEdl sIlCa]bnisS½yénGasvkçyBaØØaN edayevorPaBbribUrN_énsmaFi nig bBaØaEdlseRmcmkBIeBlmun bNÐÐitKb,IsEmþgedayRBHxINaRsBEdl CasuxvíbsSk³ . elakGacarüeBalfa { minEmnGaRs½yehtudéTeRkABIsIlenaH } eRBaHeFVIGFib,ayfa sIlminEmnCaehtuEdlCasPaK³KñaénGPiBaØa nig bdismÖiTa dUcCasmaFi nig bBaØaenaHeT . smaFism,TaCa]bnisS½yén kar)anGPiBaØa 6 eRBaHRBH)alIfa { GñkEdlmancitþtaMgmaM rEmgdwgc,as; tamesckþIBit } . smaFiminEmnCaehtu CasPaK³KñaénbdismÖiTa TaMgLaydUcCabBaØaeT eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { min EmnGaRs½yehtudéTeRkABIsmaFienaH } . bBaØasm,tþi Edl)anGb;rM mkehIyedaykarRbkbmkkñúgGtItedayRBH)alIfa { bBaØaEtgekIteRBaH karRbkb } nigedaykarenACamYyRKÚ PaBCaGñkqøatkñúgPasatamtMbn; nigeronBinitütamCaedIm Ca]bnisS½yénkarEbkFøayedaybdismÖiTa sUm,I bec©keBaFiBaØaN nig smµasem<aFiBaØaN k¾manbBaØasm,tþiCaTIGaRs½y eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { minéRkElgCagenaH } Caxag eRkayeBalfa {minEmnedayehtudéT} eRBaHKuNvíessEdlminseRmc edaybBaØaminman eRBaHbBaØaenaHÉg KW CaehtuEtmü:agkñúgkarEbkFøay énbdismÖiTa . kñúgGFikarenHelakGacarüeBalfa { eRBaHbuKÁlGaRs½ysIlsm,tþi } dUecñH GPiBaØaTaMg 6 EdlCaGakarrbs;smaFi minTan;)anseRmc


51 mhadÍka BaküniTan

dl;RBHGriybuKÁlNa smaFism,TaEdlkMNt;y:ag]Rkidæ eQµaHfa min Tan;mandl;RBHGriybuKÁlenaHEdr . sUm,ImanvíC¢aTaMgLay CacMENkmYyrbs;GPiBaØa k¾elakkan;ykvíC¢a 3 EdlekIteLIgeRBaHsIlsm,tþib:ueNÑaH . dUcCa bdismÖiTa 4 EdlekIteLIgedaybBaØasm,tþi rEmgseRmceday mKÁb:ueNÑaH cMeBaHbuKÁlEdldl;RBmeday]bnisS½y eRBaHbdismÖiTa b:ueNÑaH EdlKb,I)ancMeBaHkñúgxN³énmKÁenaHÉg y:agNa víC¢a 3 Edl ekIteLIgedaysIlsm,tþi nig GPiBaØa 6 EdlekIteLIgedaysmaFism,tþi k¾rEmg)anseRmcedaymKÁenaHÉg dl;buKÁlEdlCaGñkdl;RBmeday ]bnisS½y eRBaHehtuenaH Kb,IRCabnUvkarseRmc víC¢a nig bdismÖiTa TaMgLayenaHedaykarseRmcmKÁenaH . karseRmcKuNvíessTaMgLay enHrbs;RBHGriy³TaMgLayenH dUcKñanwgkarseRmc bec©keBaFiBaØaN rbs;RBHbec©kBuT§ nig karseRmcsmµasem<aFiBaØaNrbs;RBHsmµasm<úT§ Cam©as; . sUm,IsIlEdlCa]bnisS½ydl;PaBCaGñk)anvíC¢a 3 CaedIm edaykarbdibtþil¥kñúg RBHvín½y RBHsURt nig RBHGPiFmµ bNÐitKb,IRCab tamvíFIdUcEdl)aneBalehIycuH . karevor TIbMput xdMbUg elakGacarüeBaledaysIl eRBaHbuKÁlEdl mansIldl;RBmehIy minmankaresBkam . BitehIy stVTaMgLay EdlmanRbeyaKminbrisuT§ sUm,ITak;TgCamYy)aNati)atCaedIm k¾eRBaH kamCaehtuedayeRcIn . GñkEdlmanRbRktI)anesckþIsuxkñúgQan k¾ rEmgminmankarekItnUvkarlM)akkaydUcKña eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak GacarüeBalnUvkarevor TIbMput xTI 2 edaysmaFi eRBaHCaGñkmanrUbkay RbNItEdlmanQanCasmudæanBal;RtÚvehIy . Baküfa edaybBaØa )an


52 mhadÍka BaküniTan

dl; edaymKÁb,BaØa . BitehIy edaykarkMNt;y:ag]RkidæGriymKÁ b:ueNÑaH eQµaHfa mCÄimabdibTaEtmü:ag . sUm,Iy:agenH k¾Kb,IGFib,ay nUvkarevorcakTIbMputTaMg 2 sUm,IedayGMNacelakiyb,BaØa . sIl Ca ehtuénkarrYcputBIG)ayTaMg 4 eRBaHjúaMgbuKÁlEdlmankarRBmeRBóg edaysIlenaH [ekItkñúgkamsuKtib:ueNÑaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak GacarüeBalfa { rEmgRbkas])ayCaeRKÓgQanknøgG)ayeday sIl } dUecñH . BitehIy karevorcak)abkmµ man)aNati)atCaedIm rEmgminnaMmk nUvPaBesAhµgkñúgTuKÁti . smaFi rEmgjúaMgbuKÁl[rYcputcakkamPBTaMgGs; edaykarjúaMg buKÁlEdlmankarRBmeRBógedaysmaFienaH [ekItkñúgmhKÁtPUmienaHÉg ehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { rEmgCakarRbkas])ayCaeRKÓg QanknøgkamFatuedaysmaFi } dUecñH . BitehIy QanEdlRKbsgát; nIvrN³mankamcänÞ³CaedIm EdlcaMEfmkmøøaMg[dl;kamavcrkmµ minEmn CaFmµCatiEdlnaMesckþIesAhµgkñúgkamFatumk[eT . kñúgesckþIenHmin Kb,IsEmþgeday]bcarsmaFi eRBaHelaksMedAykGb,nasmaFi . TaMg minEmnCa»kaskñúñgkareBalfa { G)ayPB Qanknøg)anedaysIlEt b:ueNÑaH } ¬ edayBit ¦Qanknøg)anedaysmaFiEdr dUecñH . GñkEdl QanknøgsuKtiPBeTAehIy caM)ac;;eBalfVÍ dl;karQanknøgTuKÁti . Baküfa { ])ayCaeRKÓgQanknøgPBTaMgBYg } )andl; ])ayCa eRKÓgknøgPBTaMg 9 mankamPBCaedIm . PBTaMgLay sUm,IQanknøg ehIyedaysIl nig smaFi k¾minTan;Qanknøg eRBaHlHehtuminTan;)an


53 mhadÍka BaküniTan

EtPBTaMgLayenaHQanknøg)an eRBaHlHbg;ehtuenaH)any:agl¥eday bBaØa . Baküfa { edayGMNactTgÁb,han } mann½½yfa edayGMNaclH GgÁénGkuslenaH ² edayGgÁénkuslenaH ² kñúgbuBaØkiriyavtßú dUcCalH bg;PaBggåt)anedayBnøWénRbTIbdUecñaH . Baküfa { karlHkielsedayGMNacvíkçmÖnb,hanEdlRTg;;Rbkas edaysmaFi } mann½yfa karlHkielsedayGMNackarlHnIvrNFm’ CaedImenaH ² edaykarhamkarRbRBwtþieTA dUcCakarkarBarelIépÞTwkeday kareRbIqñaMgbENþteTA RTg;RbkasedaysmaFiEdlepSgeday ]bcar nig Gb,na . Baküfa { edaybBaØa } )andl; edayGriymKÁb,BaØa . Baküfa { edayGMNacsmuecäTb,han } mann½½yfa edayGMNackarlH)an y:agdac;xat eBalKW RbRBwtþeTAmin)any:agdac;xatrbs;BYkkielsEdl cat;CasmuTy³ dUcRTg;Rtas;edayn½yfa { eBllHTidæí } CaedImkñúg snþanrbs;xøÜn rbs;GñkEdlmanmKÁenaH eRBaH)anjúaMgGriymKÁ 4 [ekIt eLIgehIy . Baküfa Fm’EdlCabdíbkçdl;vÍtikáménkiels mann½yfa Fm’EdlCabdibkçdl; vÍtikám³ KW karRbRBwtþiknøgpøÚvkayTVar nig vcITVarén sgáíelsFm’ b¤kmµkielsTaMgLay elakRbkasehIyedaysIl eRBaH sIlmanPav³minQanknøg . kielsEdltaMgeLIgRKbsgát;karRbRBwtþi eTAénkuslkñúgcitþedayGMNackarmin[»kas eQµaHfa briyudæan . smaFirEmgRKbsgát;briyudæanenaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { Fm’EdlCa bdíbkçdl;briyudæan RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi } . eRBaHsmaFiCaFm’lH briyudæan . kielsEdledkRtaMerOy ² kñúgsnþan eRBaHminTan;lHbg;


54 mhadÍka BaküniTan

)an kalmanehtudl;RBmehIy k¾ekIteLIg eQµaHfa Gnusy / Gnus½y TaMgLayenaH manehtusmKYrehIy k¾ekIteLIg Kb,IRCabfa )andl; kiels 7 mankamraK³CaedImEdlxøaMgkøa . kielsTaMgLayenaHnwglH )anedayRbkarTaMgBYg k¾edayGriymKÁb,BaØa dUecñaHeTIbelakeBalfa { Fm’EdlCabdibkçdl;Gnus½y RTg;RbkasehIyedaybBaØa } . FmµCatieQµaHfa Tuc©rit eRBaHGtßfa karRbRBwtþiGaRkk; mankayTuc©rit CaedIm b¤ karRbRBwtþiEdlRtÚvkielsRbTUsr:ayehIy Tuc©ritenaH² Ég ekIteLIgkñúgsnþanNak¾eFVIsnþanenaH[esAhµgKW[lM)ak nigcUleTAdut kemþA dUecñaHeTIbeQµaHfa sgáíels/ karCRmHsgáíelsenaH KW karlHbg; edayGMNactTgÁb,hanedaysIl eRBaHsIlCabdibkçnUvesckþIelµIs . karCRmHsgáíels KW tNða KWlHedayGMNacvíkçmÖnb,han eRBaHsmaFi Cabdibkçdl; briyudæan ehIysmaFienaHÉg CabdibkçedayRtg;cMeBaH tNða . karCRmHsgáíels KW Tidæi lHedayGMNacsmuecäTb,han eRBaH bBaØaCabdibkçdl;Gnus½y nig eRBaHbBaØamanRbRktIkan;yktamesckþI BitEdlCabdibkçedayRtg;cMeBaHTidæi EdlmanRbRktIkan;ykkarminBit . Baküfa ehtu KW ]bnisSyb,c©½y . Baküfa CaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúg sIlTaMgLay mann½yfa eRBaHelakminelµIskñúgsikçabTTaMgLayEdl CamhasIl eBalKW )araCíknigsgÇaTiessEdlCaGaT×énRBhµcarüsikça eRBaHCaxagedImrbs;mKÁRBhµcarü eBlelakRtÚvGabtþitUc ² kic©NaEdl Kb,IeFVIkñúgsIlTaMgLayedaykarecjcakGabtþitUc ² TaMgLayenaHPøam² elakEtgeFVIkic©enaH[bribUN’ KW [eBjelj eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQµaH fa CaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúgsIlTaMgLay . eday tfa s½BÞ kñúgBaküfa


55 mhadÍka BaküniTan

tfa skTaKamI rEmgBRgIkBaküenHfa sIelsu bribUrIkarI . RBHGriy³ 2 CMBUkenH kalceRmInsmaFi nig bBaØa eRBaHehtuEdl elaklHminTan;)anedayRbkarTaMgBYgnUv kamraK³ nig Büa)aT EdlCa Gnþraydl;smaFi nig emah³ CatYbiT)aMgnUvsc©³ EdlCaGnþraydl;bBaØa k¾rEmgeFVIkic©EdlKb,IeFVIkñúgsmaFi nigbBaØaEtlµmRbmaN RtwmcMENkxøH b:ueNÑaH dUecñHGñkmanRbRktIeFVI[lµmRbmaNkñúgsmaFi nig bBaØa elakk¾ ehAfa { sIelsu bribUrIkariena } CaGñkmanRbRktIeFVI[bribUN’kñúgsIl TaMgLay } dUcKña . cMENkRBHGnaKamI eQµaHfa manRbRktIeFVI[ bribUN’kñúgsmaFi eRBaHlH kamraK³ nig Büa)aT )anCasmuecäTehIy . RBHGrhnþeQµaHfa eFVI[bribUN’kñúgbBaØa eRBaHlHbg;semµah³)anCa smuecäTehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg . smdUcRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;Tukfa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay Pikçúkñúg Fmµvín½yenHCaGñkeFVIsIl[bribUN’ / CaGñkeFVI[lµmRbmaNkñúgsmaFi Ca GñkeFVI[lµmRbmaNkñúgbBaØa . CaGñkknøgsikçabTtYc ² xøH rEmgecj cakGabtþixøH esckþIenHeRBaHehtuGVI ? mñalPikçúTaMgLay eRBaHminman nrNaeBalnUvPaBCabuKÁlGP½BV eRBaHknøgsikçabTenH . Etfa sikçabT TaMgLayenaH CaxagedIménRBhµcriy³ smKYrdl;RBhµcriy³ elakCa GñkmansIlCanic© nig CaGñkmansIltaMgmaMenAkñúgsikçabTTaMgLayenaH smaTansikSakñúgsikçaTaMgLay . elakCa RBHesatabnñ eRBaHlHbg; sMeyaCn³ 3 Gs;eTA CaGñkEdlmankarminFøak;cuHCaFmµta CaGñkeTogEt nwg)anRtas;dwgnaeBlxagmux . mñalPikçúTaMgLay PikçúkñúgFmµvín½yenHCaGñkeFVIsIl[bribUN’ CaGñkeFVI [lµmRbmaNkñúgsmaFi nig CaGñkeFVI[lµmRbmaNkñúgbBaØa rEmgCaGñk


56 mhadÍka BaküniTan

knøgGabtþitUc²xøH rEmgCaGñkecjcakGabtþixøH esckþIenaHeRBaHehtuGVI ? eRBaHminmannrNaeBalnUvPaBCabuKÁlGP½BV eRBaHknøgsikçabTenH Etfa sikçabTTaMgLayNaEdlCaxagedIménRBhµcriy³ smKYrdl;RBhµcarü elakCaGñkmansIlCanic© nig mansIltaMgmaMenAkñúgsikçabTTaMgLay enaH smaTansikSakñúgsikçabTTaMgLay elakCaRBHskTaKamI eRBaH sMeyaCn³ 3 Gs;ehIy nigeRBaH raK³ eTas³ emah³ RsalesþIg nwgmk kan;elakenHmþgeTotb:ueNÑaH ehIyk¾eFVITIbMputénTukç)an . mñalPikçú TaMgLay PikçúkñúgFmµvín½yenH CaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúgsIl CaGñkeFVI[ bribUN’kñúgsmaFi CaGñkeFVI[lµmRbmaNkñúgbBaØa rEmgCaGñkknøgsikça bTtUc ² xøH rEmgecjcakGabtþixøH esckþIenaHeRBaHehtuGVI ? eRBaH minmannrNaeBalfa CabuKÁlGP½BVkñúgkarknøgsikçabTenH EtsikçabT TaMgLayNaCaxagedIménRBhµcriy³ smKYrdl;RBhµcarü CaGñkmansIl Canic© mansIltaMgmaMkñúgsikçabTTaMgLayenaH smaTansikSakñúgsikça bTTaMgLay CaGñkeTAkan;xagelI nwgbriniBVankñúgPBenaH minRtLb; cakPBenaHCaFmµta eRBaH»rmÖaKiysMeyaCn³ 5 Gs;eTA. l . smaTan sikSakñúgsikçaTaMgLay . PikçúenaHeRBaHGs;eTAénGasv³TaMgLay . l . cUldl;ehIydUecñH . elakGacarü edIm,InwgsYrfa { y:agNa } eTIbEcksikçaCaedIm srub esckþIEdleBalehIyenaHÉg eTIbeBalfa { ÉvM }dUecñHCaedIm . kñúg bTTaMgLayenaH Baküfa { mü:ageTot } KuNEdlCaBYk 3 déT ² )an dl; KuNEdlCaBYk 3 CaedImy:agenHKW víevk 3 kuslmUl 3 víemakç 3 \®nIÞIy_ 3 nigKuNEdlCaBYk3 déTeTot GacCaKuNBYk3 énsikçabTedIm.


57 mhadÍka BaküniTan

Baküfa { sPaBEbbenH } )andl; dUcKñanwgsikçabT 3 CaedIm Edl RTg;RbkasTukedaysIlCaedImkñúgGFikarenH . kñúgTIenH RTg;RbkaskayvíevkedaysIl eRBaHkñúgTIenH elaksMedA yksIlEdlGaRs½yvívdþþ³ / RbkascitþvíevkedaysmaFi / Rbkas]bFi víevkedaybBaØa . mü:agvíjeTot GeTas³ EdlCakuslmUlRTg;Rbkas edaysIl eRBaHsIlmanesckþIGt;Fn;CaRbFan nig mansPav³minebot ebonGñkdéT . GelaP³ EdlCakuslmUl RTg;RbkasedaysmaFi eRBaH smaFiCabdibkçdl; elaP³ nig eRBaHmanGelaP³CaRbFan . Et Gemah³ Etmü:agRTg;RbkasedaybBaØa . mü:agvíjeTot RTg;RbkasGnimitþvíemakçmuxeday sIl . BitehIy GñkEdlGaRs½ysIlsm,tþi manGeTas³Ca RbFan manRbRktIeXIjeTaskñúgeTas³ / Gnic©anubsSna rEmgseRmc )anedaygayBit / ehIyGnic©anubsSna eQµaHfa Gnimitþvíemakçmux . RTg;RbkasGb,NihitvíemakçmuxedaysmaFi/ RTg;RbkassuBaØtvíemakçmux edaybBaØa / GñkEdlGaRs½ysmaFism,tþi CaeRKÓgecjcakkamEdlman GelaP³CaRbFan manRbRktIeXIjeTaskñúgkamTaMgLay / TukçanubsSna rEmgseRmc)any:aggay / TukçanubsSnaCa Gb,Nihitvíemakç . GntþanubsSna GaRs½ybBaØasm,tþi rEmgseRmc)anedaygayBit/ ehIyGntþanubsSna k¾Ca suBaØtvíemakçmux . mü:ageTot RTg;EtgRbkas GnBaØatBaØsSamIti®nIÞy_ edaysIl eRBaH GnBaØatBaØsSamIti®nÞIy_ enaHCa\®nIÞy_rbs;RBHGriybuKÁlTI 8 EdleFVI[ bribUN’kñúgsIlTaMgLay . RTg;RbkasGBaØi®nIÞy_eday smaFi eRBaH GBaØi®nIÞy_enaHCa\®nIÞy_rbs;RBHGnaKamI CaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúgsmaFiy:ag ]Rkidæ nig Ca\®nIÞy_rbs;GñkEdltaMgenAkñúgmKÁd¾elIs . RTg;Rbkas


58 mhadÍka BaküniTan

GBaØataví®nIÞy_ edaybBaØa eRBaHRBHGrhnþTaMgLaynwgeFVI[bribUN’kñúg bBaØa)an edaysarEtGBaØataví®nIÞy_enaHekIteLIg . mü:ageTot Kb,IRbkasKuNEdlCaBYk 3 ¬ BYk 3 énKuN ¦ EbbenH y:agdéT edaysIlCaedIm edayn½yenHÉg . ¬ mhadÍka BaküniTan cb; ¦

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59 vísuT§imKÁ sIlnieTÞs

sIlnieTÞs vísuT§imKÁenH RTg;sEmþgedaymux KW sIl smaFi nig bBaØa Edl RbmUlTuknUvKuNCaGenky:agenHehIy k¾enArab;fa RTg;sEmþgeday segçbdEdl eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbminlµmnwgCYydl;CnRKb;CMBUk)an ehtu enaH edIm,InwgsEmþgPaBBisþarénvísuT§imKÁenaH eTIbmanbBaðakmµ ¬ kartaMg bBaða ¦ enH R)arB§sIlCamun KW ³ - GVICasIl ? - EdlehAfa sIl eRBaHGtßfadUcemþc ? - GVICalkçN³ kic© bc©úb,dæan bTdæan rbs;sIlenaH ? - sIlmanGanisgSy:agNa ? - sIlenaHmanb:unµany:ag ? - GVICaesckþIesAhµgrbs;sIl nigCaesckþIpUrpg;rbs;sIl enaH ? ¬ teTA ¦ enHCaBaküeqøIykñúgbBaðakmµenaH >>>>.

GVICasIl bBaðafa { GVICasIl } eqøIyfa { Fm’TaMgLayNamanectnaCaedIm rbs;buKÁlEdlevorcakeTas man)aNati)atCaedImkþI rbs;buKÁlEdl bMeBjvtþbdibtþikþI CasIl } esckþIenH smdUcBaküEdlRBHFmµesnabtI eBalTukkñúgbdismÖiTafa { sYrfa GVICasIl eqøIyfa ectnaCasIl ectsikk¾CasIl sMvr³k¾CasIl karminQanknøgk¾CasIl } dUecñH kñúg sIlTaMgLayenaH ectnarbs;buKÁlEdlevorcakeTas man)aNati)at


60 vísuT§imKÁ sIlnieTÞs

CaedImkþIrbs;buKÁlGñkbMeBjvtþbdibtþikþI eQµaHfa ectnasI ectnasIl / karevor cakrbs;buKÁlEdlevorcakeTas man)aNati)atCaedIm eQµaHfa ectectsiksIl n½ymü:ageTot ectnakñúgkmµbT 7 rbs;buKÁlEdllHbg;eTas man)aNati)atCaedIm eQµaHfa ectnasIl / Fm’ KW GnPiCÄa GBüa)aT nig smµaTidæi EdlRTg;Rtas;Tukedayn½yfa { PikçúlHGPiCÄa man citþR)ascakGPiCÄaehIy } dUecñHCaedIm eQµaHfa ectsiksIl .

sMvr³ 5 kñúgesckþIfa { sMvr³k¾CasIl } Kb,IRCabfa sMvr³edayGakar 5 KW )atiemakçsMvr³ stisMvr³ jaNsMvr³ xnþisMvr³ vÍriysMvr³ . kñúgsMvr³ 5 enaH sMvr³EdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa { PikçúCaGñkcUldl;ehIy CaGñkRbkbRBmehIyeday)atiemakçsMvr³ }enHeQµaHfa )atiemakçsMvr³ . sMvr³EdlRtas;Tukfa { PikçúrEmgrkSa\®nIÞy_ KW ckçú rEmgdl;nUvkarsRgÜm kñúg\®nIÞy_ KW ckçú ¬CaedIm ¦enHeQµaHfa stisMvr³ . sMvr³EdleBal Tukfa { RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as;Rtas;tbfa mñalGCít³ RkEs ¬ éntNða ¦ TaMgLayNamanenAkñúgelak stiCaeRKÓgraraMgRkEséntNðaTaMgLay enaH tfaKteBalfa stiCaeRKÓgraraMgRkEstNðaTaMgLay EtRkEs tNðaTaMgLayenaH GñkbdibtþilH)anedaybBaØa } enHeQµaHfa jaNsMvr³ . sUm,IkaresBbc©½y k¾rYmcuHkñúgjaNsMvr³enHpgEdrdUcKña . cMENk sMvr³Edlmanmkedayn½yfa { PikçúCaGñkGt;Fn;cMeBaHrga cMeBaHekþA } dUecñHCaedIm enHeQµaHfa xnþisMvr³ . sMvr³ Edlmanmkedayn½yfa Pikçú


61 vísuT§imKÁ sIlnieTÞs

rEmgminrkSaTuknUvkamvítkáEdlekIteLIgehIy } dUecñHCaedIm enHeQµaH fa vÍriysMvr sUm,IGaCÍv)arisuT§isIl k¾rYmcuHkñúgvÍriysMvrenHEdr . sMvr³TaMg 5 Rbkar enHEdleBalmkdUecñHkþI karevorcakvtßúEdlCYb RbTHénkulbutþTaMgLayEdlCaGñkxøac)abkþI TaMgGs;enH Kb,IRCabfa eQµaHfa sMvrsIl . esckþIfa karminQanknøgsIlenaH )andl; karminknøgsIlenaH )andl; karminknøgelµIspøÚvkay nig vacaénGñksmaTansIlehIy . enHCaBaküeqøIybBaðakñúgesckþIfa GVICasIlCaelIkdMbUgsin .

Gtßrbs;sIl

nwgeqøIykñúgbBaðaEdlsl; ¬ teTA ¦ bBaðafa { EdlehAfasIl eRBaH GtßdUcemþc ? } eqøIyfa { EdlehAfa sIl eRBaHGtßfa sIln ¬ KWCab£s Kl; ¦ } eQµaHfa sIln enH etIdUcemþc ? eQµaHfa sIln enHKW kiriya EdlsRgÜmy:agl¥ sMedAdl;kmµkñúgTVar mankaykmµCaedImminr):at;r):ay edaykarmanrebobl¥ 1 KW karcUleTATTYlTuk sMedAdl;karEdlRTRTg; edayPaBCaTItaMgénkuslFm’TaMgLay 1 GacarüEdldwglkçN³éns½BÞ TaMgLayyl;RtÚvedayGtß 2 y:agb:ueNÑaH kñúg sIl s½BÞenH GacarüdéT² BN’naGtßkñúg sIl s½BÞ enH Tukedayn½y ¬epSg² ¦ fa sIl s½BÞenH manGtß fa sir manGtßfa sIs manGtßfa sItl ¬ RtCak; ¦ manGtßfa siv ¬ ekSm ¦ dUecñHCaedIm .

lkçNaTictuk³rbs;sIl { lkçN³ rs bc©úb,dæan bTdæan rbs;sIl }


62 vísuT§imKÁ sIlnieTÞs

\LÚvenHnwgeqøIykñúgbBaðafa { GVICalkçN³ rs bc©úb,dæan nig Ca bTdæanrbs;sIl } sIln ¬ PaBCab£sKl; ¦ CalkçN³rbs;sIlenaH sUm,I ¬ manRbePT ¦ epSgKñaedayeRcIn eRbóbdUcCavtßúEdlmanvís½yKYr nwgeXIj)an ¬ edayckçú ¦ CalkçN³rbs;rUb Edl ¬ manRbePT ¦ epSgKña edayeRcIn dUecñaH . BitehIy PaBCavtßúmanvís½yEdlKb,IeXIj)an ¬ edayckçú ¦ eQµaHfa CalkçN³rbs;rU)aytn³ ¬ sUm,ImanRbePT ¦edayeRcInRbkarénBN’ manBN’exovnigBN’elOgCaedIm eRBaHrU)aytn³ sUm,IepSgKñaedayBN’ manBN’exovCaedIm k¾minknøgputnUvPaBCaBN’ manvís½yEdlKb,IeXIj ¬ edayckçú ¦eTA)an y:agNa sIln EdleBalTukedaykarsRgÜmy:ag l¥nUvkaykmµCaedIm nig CaTItaMgTIGaRs½yénkuslFm’pgEdr eQµaHfa lkçN³énsIl sUm,I ¬ manRbePT ¦ edayeRcIn EdlepSgedayFm’man ectnaCaedIm eRBaHsIl sUm,I ¬ manRbePT ¦ epSgKñaedayeRcIn eday karepSgKñaénectnaCaedIm k¾minknøgputBIkarEdlsRgÜmy:agl¥ nig CaTI taMgTIGaRs½yeTA)an dUecñH .

rs ¬ kic© ¦

kiriyaEdlkm©at;PaBRTúsþsIl n½ymü:ageTot KuN KW karminman eTas elakeBalfa rs eRBaHGtßfaCa kic© nig Casm,tþirbs;sIlenaH EdlmanlkçN³dUceBalmkenHÉg . eRBaHdUecñaH eQµaHfa sIlenH Kb,IRCabfa mankarkm©at;nUvPaB RTúsþsIlCakic© / eday rs mankic©CaGtß ¬mü:ag ¦ mankarminmaneTas edayrs Edlmansm,tþiCaGtß ¬mü:ag ¦ esckþIBit kic© enaHÉg / b¤ ¬ min


63 vísuT§imKÁ sIlnieTÞs

dUecñaH ¦ sm,tþi elakehAfa rs  kñúgbT ¬ bBaðaTaMg 4 ¦ manlkçN³ CaedIm . bc©úb,dæan nig bTdæan sIl enH GñkR)aCJBN’naTukfa manPaBs¥atCabc©úb,dæan hiri nig »tþb,³ enaHÉgCabTdæanénsIlenaH . BitehIy sIlmanPaBs¥atEdlRtas;Tukfa { ¬ PaBs¥at 3 y:agKW ¦ PaBs¥atpøÚvkay PaBs¥atpøÚvvaca PaBs¥atpøÚvcitþ } dUecñH Cabc©úb,dæan sIlenaHEtgR)akd KW dl;nUvKuNEdlKYrkan;ykedayPaBCaFmµCatis¥at cMENkhiri nig »tþb,³ GñkR)aCJTaMgLayBN’nafa CabTdæan GFib,ayfa CaGasnñehtu ¬ehtuCít ¦ énsIlenaH eRBaHeBlhiri nig »tþb,³manehIy sIleTIbekIteLIg nigtaMgenA)an kalhiri nig»tþb,³minman sIlk¾ekIt min)an taMgenAmin)an . lkçN³ rs bc©úb,dæan nigbTdæanénsIl saFuCnKb,IRCabeday RbkardUcBN’namkdUecñHcuH . Gtßn½yfa rs kñúgTIenHminEmnCarsaytn³ EdlCaKUKñaCamYy CIvðaytn³ Baküfa kic© mann½ysegçbfa { naTI } sIlmannaTIkm©at;PaBRTúsþsIl cMENkBaküfa sm,tþi kñúgTIenHKYrsmÁal;fa { l¥RBm } KWmineFVsRbEhs[eKtiHedol GFib,ayfa buKÁlrkSa sIlehIyEtgR)ascakeTaspøÚvkayvaca sUm,IbNÐit BicarNaehIyk¾rkkEnøgtiHedol min)an/ n½ymü:ageTot GFib,ayfa sIlenaH buKÁlacarümin[maneTaspøÚvkay vaca KW mindac; minFøúH minBBal minBRBús EteTaspøÚvcitþenAman KW GacrkSasIledayGMNac tNða manH Tidæí eFVI[ekItesckþIraymay GñkdågminsresIr ¬ minCa PuCísS víBaØbsdæ Gbramdæ smaFisMvtþnik ¦ kalrkSaRbkbedayGgÁ 8 enHehIyeTIbCa GriyknþsIl ehAfa GnvC¢sIl k¾)an eRBaHminmankartiHedol . 


64 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

mhadÍka kfaBN’nasrubrbs;sIl bTfa ÉvM ERbfa edayRbkardUceBalehIy . Baküfa EdlrYbrYm KuNCaGenkTuk mann½yfa rYbrYmKuNCaeRcInénGFisIlsikçaCaedIm nig Fm’TaMgLaydéT . Baküfa edaymux KW sIl smaFi bBaØa esckþIfa sUm,IRTg;sEmþgedaymux KW sIl smaFi nig bBaØa CaRbFan minsEmþg edaysegçb edaymuxmanRtwmvíbsSnaCaedIm dUckñúgBaküCaedImfa {seBV sgçara Gnic©a } sgçarTaMgBYgmineTog sUm,IRTg;sEmþgeFVImux KW sIl smaFi nig bBaØa [CaRbFankñúgbNþaeBaFibkçiyFm’TaMgLayenaH k¾eRBaHeBaFibkçiyFm’TaMg 37 RbCMucuHkñúgvísuT§imKÁenHEdr . edayBaküenH Kb,IRCabfa RTg;sEmþgnUveBaFibkçiyFm’EdlRbCMucuH edayCasPav³ nig Ca]bkar³kñúgsIl smaFi bBaØa . RTg;Rtas;edaysegçbéRkElgEtmü:ag eTIbminGacCak;c,as;eday sPav³ nig edayvíPaKCaedÍm . Baküfa minGac mann½yfa minTan;lµm KW minTan;Gac . Baküfa dl;CnTaMgBYg mann½yfa sUm,IGñkeBjcitþ edayBisþar nig edaysegçb b¤ sUm,Idl;víbc©itBaØÚbuKÁl nig enyübuKÁl TaMgLay . kareTsnaedaysegçblµm k¾edIm,ICa]bkar³dl;GñkEdl eBjcitþerOgEdlsEmþgedaysegçb nig dl;]KÇditBaØÚbuKÁlTaMgLay Et minCa]bkar³dl;buKÁleRkABIenH . GsS eyaK vísuT§imKÁsS énvísuT§imKÁenaH . eQµaHfa bBaða eRBaH Gtßfa sYr / kiriya KW kareFVI eQµaHfa kmµ / kmµ KW bBaða eQµaHfa bBaða


65 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

kmµ )andl; RbeyaKénkarsYr . Baküfa GVICasIl CaBaküsYredayeQµaHfa sIl eRBaHGtßfadUcemþc mann½yfa elakeBalfa sIleRBaHGtßfadUcemþc / GFib,ayfa bTfa sIl GaRs½ykartaMgeQµaHy:agNaeTA / edIm,InwgeCosvag BaküsYrfa sIlenHenaH Kb,IRCab)any:agNa edaysPav³ edaykic© edayGakar R)akd nig edayehtuCít eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { GVICa lkçN³ rs bc©úb,dæan nigbTdæanrbs;sIl } . Fmµtakarbdibtþi rEmgmankñúgeBl manGanisgS)aneXIjehIyenaHÉg dUecñHeTIbelakeBalfa manGanisgS y:agNa . Baküfa sIlenaHmanb:unµany:ag CaBaküsYrcMeBaHRbePT . BitehIy karnaMFm’EdlmanvíPaK[Cak;c,as;edaysPav³ rEmgman )anedaymux KW karsEmþgvíPaKenaHÉg . esckþIpUrpg; KW esckþIbrisuT§i / esckþIbrisuT§ienaH KW CakarputcakmnÞil KW sgáíels . GñkEdlRtÚvkar putcakmnÞil KW sgáíelsenaHk¾KYrnwgRtÚvdwgsgáíels dUcmnusSEdlRtÚv karPaBqøatkñúg])ay RtÚvdwgnUvPaBCaGñkqøatkñúgvtßúminEmnCa])aydUecñaH eTIbeBalfa { esckþIesAhµgrbs;sIlenaH y:agNa } . bTfa tRt mann½yesµIKñanwg tsµw eyaK bBaðakemµ ERbfa kñúgbBaðakmµenaH / b¤ mann½yesµInwg tsS eyaK bBaðakmµsS ERbfa nUvbBaðakmµenaH . Baküfa vísC¢nM ERbfa BaküGFib,ay . k¾xøwmsarEdleKsYrehIyenA kM)aMgdUckþab;Tukkñúgéd eRBaHminTan;R)akdc,as; . BaküéxesckþIEdlsYrenaH eQµaHfa CaBaküvísC¢na eRBaHnwgeFVI[ Cak;c,as;eLIg . kñúgBaküfa cak)aNati)atCaedÍm enH / stV eQµaHfa )aN eday


66 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

bBaØtþi / edaybrmtß )andl; CÍvíti®nIÞy_ . karjúaMgCÍvíti®nÞIy_enaH Edlman sPav³[Føak;cuHeTA edaysPaB[Føak;cuHPøamkñúgrvag eQµaHfa Gti)at ¬ karjúaMgCÍvíti®nÞIy_+[Føak;cuH ¦ / mann½yfa [Føak;eTAPøam min[rs;enA )anyUr / n½ymü:ageTot karQanknøg KW eRbIs®sþaCaedImRbhar[Føak; cuH k¾eQµaHfa Gti)at KW karsmøab;stV . eday GaTi s½BÞ elakGacarürYmdl;TaMgGTinñaTanpgEdr . evorcakkmµKW karRTúsþsIlman)aNati)atCaedImTaMgLayenaH . Baküfa rbs;buKÁlGñkevor )andl; rbs;buKÁlEdlevor )andl; rbs;buKÁlEdlevoredayGMNacsmaTanvírti nig sm,tþvírti . Baküfa vtþbdíbtþi KW kareFVIvtþ man]bCÄayvtþCaedIm . elakGacarüeBalBaküfa esckþIenH { smdUcRBHFmµesnabtI sarIbutþeBalTuk } dUecñHCaedIm edIm,InwgsEmþgEckxøwmsarEdlelak eBalTukedaysegçbfa Fm’TaMgLay manectnaCaedIm edayGMNac RBH)alI . kñúgbTTaMgLayenaH eQµaHfa ectna eRBaHGtßfa taMgcitþ GFib,ay fa taMgTukcMeBaHkñúgGarmµN_rYmnwgFm’Edlsm,yutþCamYyxøÜn . BitehIy Fm’Edlsm,yutþCamYyectnaenaH rEmgRbRBwtþeTAkñúg GarmµN_)an k¾edayGMNacGnukUlrbs;ectnaenaHÉg . ectna Ca saFarN³dl;Fm’EdlCakusltþik³edayBit sUm,Iy:agenaH kñúgTIenHKb,I RCabfa { Cakusl } eRBaHeFVIBaküGFib,ayfa elakbMNgyksIlectna . FmµCatiEdlRbkbkñúgcitþ GFib,ayfa FmµCatiEdlRbkbCamYycitþ


67 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

eQµaHfa ectsik . sUm,IkñúgeBlectnaCaectsikFm’ k¾Kb,IeXIjfa ectsiksIl )andl; vírti nig GnPiCÄaCaedIm déTBIectnaenaHÉg TaMg enHKWCa eKaBliBn§n½y eRBaHectna enaHelakkan;ykkñúgEpñkmYyfa {ectnaCasIl } . tamrvaMg eQµaHfa sMvr³ )andl; karbiTmin[ GkuslekIteLIg)an . citþ nig ectsik RbRBwtþeTAedayGMNackarminQanknøg Cabdibkç dl;karQanknøg eQµaHfa GvÍtikám³ ¬ karminQanknøgelµIs ¦ . kñúg BaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa eQµaHfasIl CaedIm CaBaküéxbTénRBH sURttamEdlnaMmkehIy . elakeBaldl;ectnaEdlCaRbFansm,yutþ eday vírti edayBaküfa ectnarbs;buKÁlEdlevor . edayBaküfa ectnarbs;buKÁlGñkbMeBj KW karRbmUlvtþbdibtþimk . Baküfa kar evorcakrbs; buKÁlGñkevor elakeBalsMedAykedayvírtiCaRbFan . kñúgGFikarenH elakeBalcMeBaHectnasIl kñúgn½yenHfa eBlNa ectnavíessCagkarevorcak)aNati)atCaedImenaH EdlCabdibkçdl; )aNati)atCaedIm edayRBH)alIfa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay kayseBa©tna3 y:ag kaykmµEpñkkusl } dUecñHCaedIm EdlRbRBwtþeTAehIydUecñH rEmg eKaBliBn§n½y

sMedAdl; eKas½BÞ nig BliBn§ s½BÞ mkCamYyeKas½BÞrEmg sMedAdl;eKadéTKW Crtþv eKacas; / Tmµ eKahVwk/ vcä kUneKa/ evor BliBn§ eKa Tak;TgedaykmøaMg KW eKakMelaHecj dUcCa eTeva n sekáa Kn§eBVa mkCamYyKña eTeva )andl; eTvtadéT evorskáeTvraC nig Kn§BÖ EdlCaeTvtapgKña CaesckþI eRbób eFóbectnas½BÞ CamYynwg ectsiks½BÞ / ectsik rEmgsMedAdl; ectsikdéT ² eRkABI ectnaenaHmanvirtiectsiknigGnPiCÄaectsikCaedIm y:agenHehA fa eKaBliBn§n½y . 


68 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

[seRmcCakarevorcakcMeBaH)aNati)atCaedImedayPaBCaRbFan / eBl enaH vírti nig GnPiCÄaCaedIm Edlsm,yutþedayectnaenaH cat;cUl xagEpñkectna b¤ CaGeBVaharik³ . elakeBal ectsiksIl kñúgn½yenHfa EteBlNa vírti nig GnPiCÄa CaedIm víessCagectnaEdlRbRBwtþeTAedayGakarevorcak)aNati)at CaedImenaH rbs;GñkEdldl;nUvesckþIregáóscak)aNati)atCaedImenaH rEmg[seRmckic©edayPaBCaRbFankñúgesckþIenaH ² eBlenaHectna Edlsm,yutþedayvírti nig GnPiCÄaCaedIm cat;cUlkñúgEpñkrbs;vírtiCaedIm b¤ CaGeBVaharik³ . \LÚvenH eBlnwgsEmþgEck ectnasIl nig ectsiksIledayTak;TgCamYykuslkmµbT 10 tamn½yEdlmanmkkñúgRBHsURt eTIbeBal BakümanCaGaT×fa { Gbic } ¬n½ymü:ageTot ¦ teTA . Baküfa rbs;buKÁl GñklH mann½yfa rbs;buKÁlGñklH edayminRbRBwtþknøg sUm,IvtßúEdl )anCYb edaytaMgcitþfa { cab;taMgBIeBlenHeTAeyIgnwgmineFVI } dUecñH edayGMNackarsmaTan . Baküfa ectnakñúgkmµbT 7 )andl; ectna kñúgkuslkmµbT 7 tamlMdab; [seRmckarlH)aNati)atCaedIm . stV eFVIkmµNa mankarsahaysµn;CamYyPriyarbs;GñkdéTCaedIm eday GMNacGPiCÄaCaedIm / GnPiCÄaCaedIm EdlCatYlHkmµenaH eQµaHfa sIl dUecñHeTIbeBalfa { Fm’ KW GnPiCÄa GBüa)aT .l. nig smµaTidæí eQµaHfa ectsiksIl } dUecñH . dUcCabuKÁleFVImicäacar nig )aNati)at CaedImedayGMNacGPiCÄa nig Büa)aT y:agNa / micäacar nig Büa)aT CaedImTaMgLayenaH eKeFVIk¾edIm,IRbeyaCn_ mankareXIjnUvmuxbuRtCaedIm


69 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

edayGMNac karyl;xusxøH dUecñHÉg . k¾Fm’manGnPiCÄaCaedIm CatYlH bg;nUvFm’ manGPiCÄaCaedImTaMgLayenaHdUecñH . EdleQµaHfa )atiemakçsMvrsIl KW sikçabTEdlTak;TgnwgRBHvín½y EckecjCa caritsIl nig varitsIl . stisMvr³ )andl; karrkSa\®nIÞy_ TaMgLaymancitþCaTI 6 KW stiEdlRbRBwtþeTAy:agenaHÉg k¾karrkSaenaH KW stiEdlRbRBwtþeTAehIyedayRbkarenaH ² Ég . jaNsMvr³ )an dl; bBaØa . xnþisMvr³ )andl; esckþIGt;Fn; . karGt;Fn; KW cMeBaHxn§ TaMgLayEdlmaneTas³CaRbFan EdlRbRBwtþeTAedayRbkarenaH ² b¤ GeTas³ enaHÉg . EdleQµaHfa vÍriysMvr³ )andl; karBüayamEdl Tak;Tgdl;karbenÞabg;kamvítká³CaedIm . BaküEdlKYreBalnwgeBalkñúg )atiemakçsMvr³ nig stisMvr³CaedImenaH nwgmanGFib,ayxagmux . Baküfa RkEsTaMgLay )andl; RkEsénkielsd¾ess hUrcak tNða Tidæi GvíC¢a nig Tuc©rit TaMgLay . edaykarRtas;fa { tfaKt eBalnUvkarXaMgRkEsTaMgLay } ehIyRtas;fa { RkEsTaMgLay enH rEmgbiT)anedaybBaØa } dUecñHrEmgdwg)anfa karXaMg karbiT karkat;)an CasmuecäTnUvRkEsTaMgLay faCa jaN . elakeFVITukkñúgcitþ cMeBaHGakardUcEdl)aneBalmkenH[CaRbeyaCn_ ehIyBicarNaeday])ayRtÚvTMngedayjaNNa eTIbesBbc©½yTaMgLay . sUm,IkarBicarNaesBcMeBaHbc©½y KW jaNenaHrEmgRbCMucuH KW se®gÁaHcUlkñúgjaNsMvr³enHEtmü:ag eRBaHCasPav³énjaN . eQµaHfa GñkGt;Fn; eRBaHGtßfa Gt;Fn; KW sgát;Tuk . Baküfa EdlekIteLIg KW EdlekItehIy KWekIteLIgkñúgGarmµN_enaH². Baküfa kamvítká KW esckþI


70 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

RtiHriHEdlcUleTARbkbedaykam . Baküfa minTTYlTuk KW minelIk citþeLIg[enAkñúgxagkñúg . Baküfa sUm,IGaCÍv)arisuT§i mann½yfa sUm,IGaCÍv)arisuT§isIlEdl lHmicäaCÍBEdlRBHBuT§Cam©as;RTg;tiHedol ehIyseRmc¬ciBaw©mCÍvít¦eday karEsVgrkbc©½yminmaneTas k¾rYmcuHkñúgvÍriysMvr³enHÉg eRBaHmanvÍriy³ [seRmc . kñúgGFikarenH Kb,IRCabfa jaN eQµaHfa sMvr³ edayGtßfa biTTuk eRBaHhamkarRbRBwtþieTAénRkEs KW tNða CaedIm / eQµaHfa sIl eRBaH Gtßfa sRgÜmrvaMg eRBaHPav³CaTIRTRTg;TukCaedIm nUvKuNEdlnwgRbRBwtþ eTAxagmuxy:agNa / xnþi k¾dUecñaH / eQµaHfa sMvr³ eRBaHXaMgTukeday karRKbsgát;nUvkielsEdlekIteLIg eRBaHminTTYlyk / eQµaHfa sIl eRBaHGtßfa sRgÜm edayPav³CaTIRTRTg;CaedIm nUvKuNEdlekIteLIg eRBaH esckþIGt;Fn;Caehtu . vÍriy eQµaHfa sMvr³ eRBaHXaMgTukeday karbENþt)abFm’TaMgLay EdlKb,IbenÞabg; / eQµaHfa sIl eday Gtßfa sRgÜmCaRbRktI edayPaBCaTIRTRTg;CaedIm nUvKuNEdlekIt eLIg cMeBaHehtuénkarbenÞabg; . EtRBH)atiemakçsMvrsIlCaedIm CaeRKÓgXaMg CaeRKÓgbiTmin[)ab kmµenaH ² ekIteLIg / eQµaHfa sMvr³ eRBaHGaRs½ykarXaMg karbiTenaH y:agNa/ sUm,IkarevorcakvtßúEdlCYbrbs;Gñkmin)ansmaTansIlk¾dUecñaH ehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { karevorcakvtßúEdlCYbénkulbutþTaMgLayGñkxøac)abkþI TaMgGs;enH Kb,IRCabfa eQµaHfa sMvrsIl } / eQµaHfa karminQanknøg eRBaHGtßfa CaehtuminQanknøg KW citþúb,aT


71 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

CakuslEdlekIteLIgedayRbkarenaH . Gvesessu eyaK beBaðsu ERbfa kñúgbBaðad¾essTaMgLay . smaFanM ERbfa kartaMgTukedayl¥ . BitehIy kaykmµCaedIm Edl RbRBwtþehIyedayGMNacénPaBCaGñkRTúsþsIl mankarnaMmknUvvtßúminCa RbeyaCn_ nig esckþIþTukçmk[TaMgkñúgbc©úb,nñ nig GnaKt / eQµaHfa min tmál;TuTukedayl¥ eRBaHmintaMgTukehIyedayRbéB eQµaHfa eRCótERCk erOgGñkdéT nig eQµaHfa hUreTAehIy / cMENkkaykmµCaedIm Edl RbRBwtþeTAehIyedaykarmansIll¥ eQµaHfa tmál;Tukedayl¥ehIy min eRCótERCkerOgGñkdéT . edaybriyayxusBIPaBEdlCaGñkmansIll¥ nig minhUreTAehIy dUcPaBCaGñkEdlmanEPñksmøwgcuHehIy mankarmin RKvÍédCaedImdUecñaH eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { GFib,ayfa Ca

GñkmankaykmµCaedÍm mineRCótERCkGñkdéT edayGMNacPaBCaGñk mansIl } . edayBaküenH eTIbelakeFVIesckþI[dac;ecj epSgBI smaFi . kartaMgmaMénsmaFienaH )andl; Caehtuénkarminraymayrbs; sm,yutþFm’TaMgLay . x>enHCaesckþItaMgmaM KW karsRgÜmkaykmµ CaedIm kartaMgmaM KW CamUlehtu eQµaHfa karcUleTARTRTg;Tuk . BitehIy sIlenaH elakeBalfa CakarRbRBwtþixagedIm . eRBaH ehtuenaH karRTRTg;enaH elakeFVI[epSgBIkic©énbzvÍFatu . BitehIy bzvÍFatuenaH EtgCaTIRTRTg;nUvrUbFm’EdlekItrYmKña . cMENkkarRTRTg; enH rEmgRbRBwtþeTAedayPav³CamUl nig CaTItaMgénFm’minmaneTas . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { énkuslFm’TaMgLay } CaedIm .


72 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

kñúgBaküfa énkuslFm’TaMgLayCaedImenaH EdleQµaHfa kuslFm’ )andl; mhKÁtFm’ nig elakutþrFm’ RBmTaMgFm’EdlCabuBVPaK . GeBaØ bn eyaK Gacri Gacriya ERbfa GacarüTaMgLayBYkdéT . bTfa siredæa GFib,ayfa eBlk,alRtÚvkat;ehIy GtþPaBTaMgBYg rEmgvínaseTA y:ag Na / sIlk¾dUecñaH eBlEbkFøayehIy vínasehIy ragkay KW KuNTaMg BYgk¾vínaseTA . eRBaHdUecñaH sIlenaH eTIbmanGtßfa Gvyv³RbesIrbMput eQµaHfa sIsedæa b¤ eBlnwgKYreBalfa { siera sIlM } elakeBalfa {sIlM}edaynirutþin½y. Gtßfa s¶b;esckþIekþARkhayeQµaHfa sItledæa. edayBaküenaHelaksEmþgfa lub t GkSr ehIyeBalfa { sIlM } edaynirutþin½ydUcKña . BitehIy sIlenH Edl[seRmcehIyedayesckþIBüayam k¾nwgeFVI [rMgab;esckþIekþARkhay KW kielsTaMgBYg . eday GaTi s½BÞfa ÉvmaTina Kb,IeXIjfa elakse®gÁaHBakü manCaGaT×y:agenHfa eBl sIlenaHmanenA kuslFm’TaMgLay k¾RbCuMcuH KW mineTAR)as dUecñHeTIb eQµaHfa sIl / b¤eQµaHfa sIl eRBaHTuc©ritTaMgmUlRtÚvkuslFm’enaH man]sSah_km©at;ehIy biTehIy / b¤ eQµaHfa sIl eRBaHGtßfa Ca sala ¬ TIsRmak ¦ EdlkuslFm’TaMgGs;KYrcUleTAdUecñaH . Gtß KW Pav³enaHÉg elakRbkasTukedayelIkGtßéns½BÞ eLIgkñúg eBledImfa eQµaHfa {sIledayGtßfa sRgÜm} eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelak eBalfa { karsRgÜmrvaMgCalkçN³rbs;sIl } dUecñH . elakGacarü eFVITukkñúgcitþnUvkareqøIytbsMNYrfa eRBaHsIlEdlepSgedayRbePTman ectnasIlCaedImenaH nig mankarsmÁal;EdlKb,IeBal)anfa lkçN³


73 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

déTeRkABIkarsmÁal;fa karsRgÜmrvaMgenaH EdlrYbrYm)anminmansl; enaHk¾eT. lkçN³EdlrYbrYmFm’maneRcInRbePT EdleQµaHfa CalkçN³ dUcKña minEmnCalkçN³epSgKñaenaHeT Emnb¤? eTIbelakeBalfa { PaB CaFmµCatiEdlckçúvíBaØaNKb,IeXIj)an CalkçN³rbs;rU)aytn³Edlman eRcInRbePTepSgKña } dUecñH . dUcCa rU)aytn³ manRbePTepSg² CaeRcIn manBN’exovCaedIm man Pav³RbRBwtþeTAEdlckçúvíBaØaN Kb,IeXIj)an CalkçNvíess eRBaHmin TUeTAdl;Fm’déTeRkABIrU)aytn³enaH . mindUcsamBaØlkçN³ dUcCarbs; mineTogCaedIm b¤dUcCakarERbRbÜl CalkçN³BiessenaHeT esckþIenH y:agNa sUm,IkñúgsIlenH k¾ man]bemyüy:agenaHEdr . Pav³EdlckçúKb,IeXIj)anenHKWGVI ? KW Pav³EdlckçúKb,IeXIj )andl; PaBCaGarmµN_rbs;ckçúvíBaØaN . kalebICaGarmµN_ rbs;ckçúvíBaØaNenaH minmanGVIeRkABIrU)aytn³ elakGacarümanbMNgnwgeFVIrU)aytn³[epSg BIFm’BYkdéT eTIbeBalfa FmµCatiEdlckçúKb,IeXIj eQµaHfa sniTsSnM ERbfa RbRBwtþeTAkñúgPaBEdlckçúKb,IeXIj eRBaHeFVI[RsedogFm’déT . k¾sPav³EdleFVIesckþIepSgKña y:agNa kñúgFm’TaMgLayEdldUcKña edayPaBesµIKñakñúgsPav³énFm’ sPav³enaHKYreBalEGb ² )an eRBaH RsedognwgFm’déT . eRBaHehtuenH karcUlcitþnUvPaBepSgKñaénxøwmsar rEmgman)an . n½ymü:ageTot sh s½BÞ kñúgBaküfa { sh niTsSenn } enH man tBÖav CaGtß dUcCaBaküfa nniÞraKshKta ERbfa esckþIrIkray nig esckþIRsLaj; dUecñH . Baküfa mankarkm©at;PaBCaGñkRTúsþsIlCa


74 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

rs mann½yfa mannaTIkm©at;PaBRTúsþsIlepSg ² mankarminsRgÜmpøÚv kayCaedIm. Baküfa manKuN KWkarminmaneTasCars mann½yfa manKuNEdlnrNa ² tiHedolmin)anCasm,tþi KW dl;RBmedayPaBCa GñkEdlGñkNa ² mintiHedol / b¤ dl;RBmedaycMENkminmaneTas . Baküfa kñúgbNþalkçN³CaedÍm mann½yfa kñúgbNþalkçN³ nig rs CaedIm EdlkMBugeBalmkenH kic©enaHÉg b¤ sm,tþi elakehAfa rs GFib,ayfa minEmnGaytn³ manrsaytn³CaedImeQµaHfa rs enaHeT. cMENkGacarüBYkxøHeBalfa GvFarN kñúgBaküfa { kic©emv } edIm,I sEmþgfa rs enaHmankmøaMgCag rs eRkABIenH / BaküenaH RtwmEtCamti rbs;GacarüBYkenaH eRBaHelaksMedAyk esckþIenHfa Cakic©enaHÉg b¤ sm,tþi eQµaHfa rs . Baküfa manPaBs¥atCabc©úb,dæan mann½yfa sIl rEmgR)akdedayPaBCaFmµCatis¥attamkayTVarCaedIm . bTfa KhNPavM ERbfa PaBCaKuNEdlKb,Ikan;ykedayBaküenaH elak eBalnUvbc©úb,dæan edayGtßfa GakarEdlR)akd EtedayGtßfa pl elakfa bc©úb,dæan mankarminekþARkhayCaxageRkayCaedIm b¤ bc©úb,dæan KW smaFiR)akd . BitehIy sIljúaMgkarminekþARkhay[ R)akdkñúgbc©úb,nñ / júaMgsmaFi[R)akdtamlMdab; . cMENk pl KW GanisgSenaH elakGacarünwgeBaldUcteTA kñúgkfasEmþgedayGanisgS dUecñHKb,IeXIjfa elakmin)ankan;ykkñúgTIenH . EtGacarüBYkxøHeBal fa elakminkan;ykkñúgTIenH eRBaHelakminRtÚvkarpl / esckþIenaHmin RtÚv eRBaHplmaneRcIny:ag sUm,IsIlmanelakiysIlCaedIm elakmin Tan;EbgEck . Bity:agenaHehIy elakGacarünwgeBalteTAfa { eday


75 mhadÍka sIlnieTÞs

GMNacénnisSitsIl GnisSitsIl } dUecñHCaedIm . elakGacarükalnwgsEmþgfa bzvÍFatu mankmµCaedIm Caehtuq¶ay manPUtrUb 3 Edlsl;CaehtuCít y:agNa/ mü:ageTot sMBt; manCag tm,aj Rtl;t,aj eFµjeQI nig ceRmókeFµjeQICaedIm Caehtuq¶ay mansrésGMe)aHCaehtuCít y:agNa / sIl mankarsþab;Fm’CaedImCa ehtuq¶ay sIlenaHmanhiri nig »tþb,³ CaehtuCít dUecñaH eTIbelak eBalfa { É hiri »tþb,³ } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa { BitehIy eBlhiri »tþb,³}dUecñHCaedIm CaBaküjúaMgPaBCaehtuCítrbs;sIlenaH[seRmc. kñúgBaküenaH Kb,IRCabfa sIl ekIteLIgedayGMNackarsmaTan taMg enA edaykarminQanknøg . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦

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76 vísuT§imKÁ GanisgSsIl

GanisgSrbs;sIl

esckþIfa sIlmanGanisgSy:agNa ? eqøIyfa mankar)anTTYl KuNCaGenk mankarminekþARkhayCaedIm CaGanisgS smdUcCaBakü rbs;RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;Tukfa { mñalGannÞ sIlCakuslmankarmin ekþARkhaycitþCapl mankarminekþARkhaycitþCaGanisgS } dUecñH / Rtas;TukepSgeTotk¾man { mñalKhbtI TaMgLay GanisgSénsIlsm,tþi rbs;GñkmansIlman 5 Rbkar / 5 RbkarenaH dUcemþcxøH ? mñalKhbtI TaMgLay buKÁlNakñúgelakenHCaGñkmansIl dl;RBmedaysIl rEmg )annUvePaK³eRcIn manesckþIminRbmaTCaehtu enHCaGanisgSTI 1 én sIlsm,tþirbs;GñkmansIl / mñalKhbtITaMgLay esckþIdéTenAman eTot kitþis½BÞd¾l¥rbs;GñkmansIl Gñkdl;RBmedaysIl rEmgpSayeTA enHCaGanisgSTI 2 énsIlsm,tþirbs;GñkmansIl / mñalKhbtI TaMgLay esckþIdéTenAmaneTot GñkmansIl dl;RBmedaysIl nwgcUl eTAkan;bris½TNa ² Caxtþiybris½Tk¾eday RBahµNbris½Tk¾eday KhbtIbris½Tk¾eday smNbris½Tk¾eday rEmgCaGñkkøahan cUleTAmin eGoneRbón enHCaGanisgSTI 3 énsIlsm,tþirbs;GñkmansIl / mñal KhbtIesckþIdéTenAmaneTot GñkmansIl dl;RBmedaysIl CaGñkmin vegVgenAeBlCítsøab; enHCaGanisgSTI 4 énsIlsm,tþirbs;GñkmansIl / mñalKhbtITaMgLay esckþIdéTenAmaneTot GñkmansIl dl;RBm edaysIl bnÞab;BIsøab;eTAeRBaHkayEbkFøay EtgcUleTAkan;suKti enH CaGanisgSTI 5 énsIlsm,tþirbs;GñkEdlmansIl ¬ 1 ¦ . 1

TIXnikay mhavarvKÁ


77 vísuT§imKÁ GanisgSsIl

GanisgSrbs;sIlCaGenkdéTeTot manPaBCaTIRsLj; CaTIeBj citþ CaxagedIm mankarGs;Gasv³CaTIbMput RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as;Rtas; Tukfa {mñalPikçúTaMgLay ebIPikçúsgÇwmfa eyIgKb,ICaTIRsLaj; CaTIeBj citþ CaTIeKarB CaTIelIksresIrrbs;mitþsRBhµcarITaMgLay PikçúenaH Kb,ICaGñkeFVI[bribUN’kñúgsIlTaMgLaycuH ¬ 2 ¦ dUecñHCaedIm . sIlmanKuNCaGenk mankarminekþARkhaycitþCaedIm CaGanisgS manRbkardUcEdl)aneBalmkdUecñH . n½ymü:ageTot evorsIlNaecjehIy EdlnwgBwg ¬ vtßúdéT ¦ rbs; kulbutþkñúgsasnaminman / nrNa nwgKb,IeBalkMNt;nUvGanisgSrbs; sIlenaH)an Twk KW sIl rEmgCRmHmnÞilrbs;stVmanCÍvítenH)an sUm,I TwkFMTaMgLay KW TenøKgÁakþI ymunakþI srPUkþI srsvtIkþI sUm,ITenøGcirvtIkþI mhIkþI minGacCRmHmnÞilenaH)aneLIy sIlEdlbuKÁlrkSal¥ehIy Ca GriysIl manPaBRtCak;éRkElg rEmgrm¶ab;nUvesckþIekþARkhayrbs; stVTaMgLaykñúgelakenH)an xül;layePøógk¾minGacrm¶ab;esckþIekþA RkhayenH)an nig sUm,Ic½nÞRkhmk¾rm¶ab;min)an ExSkmukþak¾min)an EkvmNIk¾min)an rsµIRtCak;énRBHc½nÞk¾min)an / køinEdlesµIedaykøinsIl EdlpSayeTA)anTaMgtambeNþayxül; nig TaMgb®Ba©as;xül; nwgmanmk BINa vtßúdéTEdlCaCeNþIreLIgeTAkan;sßansYK’ nig CaTVarEdljúaMgstV TaMgLay[cUleTAkan;nKrRBHniBVan nwgesµIedaysIl manmkBITINa RBHraCaRTg;Rbdab;edaymukþa nig mNI k¾mins¥atdUcGñkmansIl Edl Rbdab;edayeRKÓgRbdab; KW sIl eTIbs¥at sIl rEmgkm©at;nUvP½y man 2 GakegçyüsURt


78 vísuT§imKÁ GanisgSsIl

GtþanuvaTP½yCaedIm)an edayRbkarTaMgBYg sIl rEmgjúaMgeQµaHe)aH sMeLg nig esckþIrIkray[dl;GñkmansIlRKb;eBlevla kfamuxsEmþg BIGanisgSrbs;sIlEdlCamUlénKuNTaMgLaymanRbRktITmøaykmøaMgén eTasTaMgBYg saFuCn Kb,IRCabedayRbkardUecñHcuH .

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79 mhadÍka GanisgSsIl

mhadÍka BN’naGanisgSrbs;sIl kñúgBaküfa mankarminekþARkhayCaedÍm enHmanesckþI GFib,ay dUecñH citþúb,aTEdlCakusl Cabdibkçdl;esckþIekþARkhay eQµaHfa kar minekþARkhay . karminekþþARkhayenaH BiessKb,IRCabfa RbRBwtþeTA edayGMNackarBicarNacMeBaHsIlrbs;xøÜnfa { CalaPrbs;eyIghñ+ ¡ eyIg)ansIlehIyhñ+ ¡ sIlrbs;eyIgbrisuT§l¥ } dUecñH . eday GaTi s½BÞ elakGacarüsMedAyk)aemaC¢ ePaKsm,tþi nig kar maneQµaHe)aHsMeLgl¥CaedIm . bTfa mankarminekþARkhaycitþCapl KW mankarminRtÚvekþA RkhaycitþCaRbeyaCn_ . Baküfa Cakusl KW rkeTasmin)an . Bakü fa mankarminekþARkhaycitþCaGanisgS KW mankarminekþARkhaycitþ CakéRm . BaküenH elaksEmþgfa RtwmEtsIlekIteLIgeQµaHfa minekþA Rkhay eRbóbdUcCaq½Rt nigpáaeQIEdlrIkFMehIy . cMENkKuNCaedIm fa smaFiEdl[seRmc)anedaysIlenH enaHmü:agdéTeTot . Baküfa énsIlsm,tþirbs;GñkmansIl mann½yfa énsIlsm,tþiþ enaH ² Ég énGñkEdleQµaHfa mansIl eRBaHjúaMgsIl[dl;RBmeday kareFVI[brisuT§ nig[bribUr . bTfa Gb,maTaFikrNM ERbfa eRBaHmanesckþIminRbmaTCaehtu . bTfa ePaKkçn§M ERbfa KMnrénePaK³ . Baküfa kitþis½BÞl¥ rEmgpSayeTA mann½yfa karRbkasnUvkarelIksresIrd¾l¥ rEmgtaMgeLIg KW pSayeTA


80 mhadÍka GanisgSsIl

TUTaMgelakfa { GñkenHmansIlsUm,I eRBaHehtuenH GñkenHmanFm’l¥ sUm,IeRBaHehtuenH } dUecñH . Baküfa CaGñkkøahan mann½yfa kalebImineXIjx>EdlKb,I tiHedoly:agNa ² kñúgxøÜn eTIbR)ascakkarjejIt minmankarP½yxøac . bTfa GmgáúPUeta ERbfa mineGoneRbón . Baküfa CaGñkminvegVg man n½yfa minCaGñkvegVg KW mancitþpUrpg; Etmü:ag eFVIkalkiriya eRBaHmin mankarekþARkhaycitþ edayn½yCaGaT×fa { » ¡ eyIgmin)aneFVIesckþI l¥Tuk } nigeRBaHkuslkmµ CaedImenaHÉgmkR)akdkñúgxN³enaH . Baküfa eRBaHkayEbkFøay mann½yfa eRBaHlH])aTinñkçn§ KW eRBaH dac;CÍvíti®nÞIy_ . Baküfa bnÞab;BIsøab; mann½yfa bnÞab;BIcuti . Baküfa suKti ERbfa KtiEdll¥ . sUm,ImnusSKti k¾rab;cUlkñúgbTfasuKtienaH Edr. Baküfa sYK’ )andl; eTvKti . eTvKtienaH elakehAfa sYK’ eRBaH Gtßfa RbesIry:agéRkElg edayGarmµN_TaMgLay manrUbCaedÍm / nig ehAfa elak eRBaH Gtßfa CakEnøgeXIjnUvplbuNüd¾rugerOg . bTfa Gakegçyü ec ERbfa ebIKb,IR)afña . Baküfa eyIgKb,ICaTI RsLaj; mann½yfa EdleKKb,IRbRBwtþRsLaj;rak;Tak; KW Kb,IemIleday ckçúEdlCaTIRsLaj; KW Kb,ICaGñkKYrRsLaj; . Baküfa CaTIeBjcitþ mann½yfa CaeRKÓgceRmIncitþrbs;mitþ sRBhµcarITaMgLay / b¤ mann½yfa Edlcitþrbs;sRBhµcarITaMgLay enaHKb,Idl; GFib,ayfa EdlcitþRbkbedayemtþa Kb,IpSayeTA . Baküfa CaTIeKarB mann½yfa CaGñkenAkñúgzan³Edlrwgbwug dUcCa qR½tfµ . Baküfa CaTIelI elIksresIr mann½yfa Kb,ICaTIelIksresIrfa


81 mhadÍka GanisgSsIl

{ GñkenHdwgvtßúKYrdwg eXIjvtßúEdlKYreXIjy:agBitR)akd } . Baküfa Kb,ICaGñkeFVI[bribUrkñúgsIlTaMgLaycuH mann½yfa CaGñkeFVI[bribUr kñúgctub,arisuT§isIlEtmü:ag KW mineFVItictYc Kb,ICaGñkRbkbehIyeday GakarEdlbribUN’ . Baküfa edayn½yCaedÍmfa enH elakrYbrYmykGanisgSsIl 17 RbkarEdlmanmkkñúgsURtEdlelIksresIrsIl manBaküCaedImy:agenH fa { EtgRbkbnUvkars¶b;rm¶ab;citþxagkñúg mineFVIQan[keRmIk Rbkb edayvíbsSna bEnßmeLIgnUvsuBaØaKar } . \LÚvenHelakGacarüepþÍmBaküCaedImfa { n½ymü:ageTot } dUecñH k¾edIm,InwgsEmþgnUvGanisgSsIlTaMgLayenaHfa minEmnfa manGanisgS KW esckþIminekþARkhaycitþCaedImenH mü:agb:ueNÑaHeT esckþIBit enAman GanisgSsIldéTeTotCaeRcIn . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa { kñúgRBHsasna } mann½yfa kñúgBaküeRbónRbedArbs;RBHsasþa KW RBHBuT§sasna EdlnwgnaMmknUv KuNCaelakiy nig elakutþr . GFib,ayesckþIfa TIBwg KW TIGaRs½yrbs;kulbutþEdlmanGacar TaMgLay evorsIlecjehIy rEmgminman / nrNanwgKb,IeBal KW nrNaGacnwgR)ab;nUvkarkMNt; KW brimaNénGanisgSrbs;sIlenaHEdl manGanuPaBeRcIny:agenH)an . edayBaküenH elakGacarüsEmþgfa sIlb:ueNÑaHCab£sKl;énKuN TaMgLayEdlCaelakiy nig elakutþr TaMgGs;Etmü:ag dUecñHbnÞab;BIenaH kalnwgsEmþgfa minmanKuNy:agdéT EdlnwgnaMRbeyaCn_suxmk[stV


82 mhadÍka GanisgSsIl

TaMgLayesµIedaysIlkñúgkarCRmHmnÞiledayrm¶ab;karekþARkhay eday karx©rx©ayeTAénkøinRkGUbb®Ba©as; / edayPav³Ca])ay[dl;sYK’ nig niBVan / kñúgkar[seRmcedayeRKÓgRbdab;Glgáar Edll¥\tex©aH e)as km©at;nUvP½y nig[ekItesckþIrugerOgRBmTaMg)aemaC¢ dUecñH eTIb)anPasit KafaTaMgLaymanCaGaT×fa { n KgÁa } dUecñH ERbesckþIfa sUm,ITenø KgÁa k¾minGacCRmHmnÞilrbs;stVkñúgelakenH)an . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa { srPU } KW ExSTwkmYy Edl GacarüTaMgLaynaMKñaehAkñúgelakfa { srPU } . Baküfa ninñKa va cirvtI KW TenøEdlmaneQµaHy:agenHfa { GcirvtI } s½BÞ fa va mann½yfa va s½BÞ RKb;kEnøgmanxøwmsarCaGniym ¬ min BitR)akd ¦ . va s½BÞ enaH elakrYmTaMgTenøeKaFavrI nig Tenøc½nÞPaKa CaedIm EdlminTan;)aneBalTuk. Kb,Iyk n GkSr kñúgKafaedImmkP¢ab; KñadUecñHfa )aNnedæn .eb. n skáúNnþi KgÁaTeya nTieya Twk KW sIl rEmgCRmHmnÞilNarbs;stV eQµaHfa man)aN eRBaHGtßfa enAdkdegðImenAeLIy sUm,ITenøKgÁaCaedIm k¾minGacCRmHmnÞilenaH)an . bTfa hara )andl; Ekvmukþahar . bTfa mNeya )andl; Ekv mNI manEkvBiTUrüCaedIm . Baküfa Griy mann½yfa brisuT§ . køin KW kitþis½BÞEdlmansIlCasmudæan elakehAfa sIlKen§a ¬ køinsIl ¦eRBaH Pav³EdlepSÍmcitþ nig pSayeTAkñúgTisTaMgBYg)an k¾køinsIlenaH rEmg pSayeTAb®Ba©as;xül; . eRBaHdUecñaH RBHmanRBHPaK eTIbRtas;fa køin rbs;sb,úrs rEmgpSayeTAb®Ba©as; s;xül;)an . Kb,IRCabfa karelµIsvtßú eQµaHfa kmøaMgéneTas / sIl kalebImin[eFVIkarelµIsvtßúenaH éneTas


83 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

TaMgLayenaH eQµaHfa manRbRktIkm©at;kmøaMgrbs;eTasTaMgLay . ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦

RbePTrbs;sIl bnÞab;BIenHCaBaküvísC¢nakñúgbBaðaEdl´m©as;eBalTukfa sIlenaH manbu:nµanRbePT ? sIlTaMgGs; edaylkçN³Cab£sKl;rbs;xøÜn RtwmEtmü:agbu:eNÑaH / Ca 2 y:ag KWCa caritsIl nig varitsIl / mü:agvíjeTot CaGPismacarik sIl nig GaTiRBhµcriyksIl / Ca vírtisIl nigGvírtisIl / CanisSitsIl nigGnisSitsIl / Cakalb,riynþsIl nig Ga)aNekadiksIl / Ca sbriynþsIl nig GbriynþsIl / CaelakiysIl nig elakutþrsIl . Ca 3 y:ag eday hInsIl mCÄimsIl bNItsIl nigCa 3 y:ag eToteday GtþaFibetyüsIl elakaFibetyüsIl nigFmµaFibetyüsIl / CabramdæsIl GbramdæsIl nigbdibsST§isIl / CavísuT§isIl GvísuT§isIl nigevmtiksIl nigCa eskçsIl GeskçsIl nig enveskçanaeskçsIl . Ca 4 y:ag KW hanPaKiysIl zítiPaKiysIl víessPaKiysIl nig CanieBVFPaKiysIl/ Ca 4 y:ageTotKW PikçúsIl PikçúnIsIl Gnubsm,nñsIl nig KhdæsIl / Ca bktisIl GacarsIl FmµtasIl nig buBVehtuksIl nigCa )atiemakçsMvrsIl \®nÞiysMvrsIl GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl nig bc©ysnñisSitsIl . Ca 5 y:ag KW )arisuT§isIl man briynþb,arisuT§isIlCaedIm ÉesckþI


84 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

enH RBHsarIbutþk¾)aneBalTukkñúgKm<IrbdismÖiTamKÁfa { sIl 5 Rbkar KW briynþb,arisuT§isIl Gbriynþb,arisuT§isIl bribuNÑb,arisuT§isIl Gbramdæb,arisuT§isIl bdibsST§ib,arisuT§isIl } dUecñH / mü:ageTotCa 5 y:ageTot KW bhansIl evrmNIsIl ectnasIl sMvrsIl nig GvÍtikámsIl . bNþasIlTaMgLayenaH kñúgcMENksIlEtmü:ag Kb,IRCabxøwmsartam n½ydUcEdl)aneBalehIyenaHcuH >>> .

Tuk³TI 1 ¬ sIlBYk 2 ¦ vínicä½ykñúgcMENksIl 2 y:ag dUcteTAenH ³ karbMeBjsikçabTEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;bBaØtþTukfa enHKYreFVIy:ag Na karbMeBjenaHeQµaHfa caritsIl karmineFVIx>EdlRTg;hamTukfa enHminKYreFVIy:agNa karmineFVIenaHeQµaHfa varitsIl ¬ teTA ¦ enHCa karGFib,ayBakükñúgbTTaMgBIrenaH buKÁlTaMgLay rEmgRbRBwtþkñúgsIl enaHKW dMeNIr ¬kayvaca¦ eTAedayPaBCaGñkeFVI[bribUrkñúgsIlTaMgLay eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaH eTIbeQµaHfa carit ¬ CakarRbRBwtþi ¦ / buKÁl TaMgLayrEmgkarBar KW rEmgrkSax>EdlRTg;ham edaysIlenaH eRBaH ehtuenaH sIlenaHeTIbeQµaHfa varit ¬ CaeRKÓgrkSax>EdlRTg;ham ¦ kñúgBIry:agenaH caritsIlseRmceday sT§a nig vÍriy³ / varitsIl seRmc edaysT§a ¬ Etmü:ag ¦ dUecñH / sIl 2 RbePT KW caritsIl nig varitsIl dUecñHÉg .


85 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

Tuk³TI 2 vínicä½ykñúgTuk³TI 2 maryaTl¥éRkElg eQµaHfa GPismacar GPismacarenaHÉg ehAfa GPismacarik / n½ymü:ageTot sikçabTEdlRTg; bBaØtþR)arB§cMeBaHGPismacarenaH eQµaHfa GPismacarik / Baküfa GPismacarik enaHÉgCaBaküehAcMeBaH sIl eRkABIGaCÍvdæmksIl . sIl eQµaHfa GaTiRBhµcriyk eRBaHCaPav³xagedIménmKÁRBhµcriy. Baküfa GaTiRBhµcriyk enHCaeQµaHénGaCÍvdæmksIl k¾GaCÍvdæmksIlenaH eQµaHfa CaPav³xagedIménmKÁ eRBaHCaKuNEdlbuKÁlKYreFVI[ hµt;ct;kñúgcMENkxagedImenaHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaKeTIb Rtas;fa { k¾Ékaykmµ vcIkmµ GaCÍv³rbs;PikçúenaH rEmghµt;ct;l¥ehIy kñúgcMENkxagedIm } dUecñH / n½ymü:ageTot sikçabTTaMgLayNaEdl RTg;Rtas;fa CasikçabTtUc enHk¾CaGPismacariksIl d¾essk¾CaGaTi RBhµcriyksIl / n½ymü:ageTot sIlEdlTak;Tgkñúg]PetavíPgÁ CaGaTi RBhµcriyksIlEdlTak;Tgkñúgxn§kvtþ CaGPismacariksIl GaTiRBhµcriyksIlrEmgdl;RBm eRBaHkardl;RBménGPismacariksIlenaH eRBaH ehtuenaHeTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay esckþIEdl PikçúenaHÉgmineFVIFm’EdlCaGPismacarik³[bribUN’mun ehIynwgjúaMgFm’ EdlCaGaTiRBhµcriyk³[bribUN’dUecñH enHminEmnCazan³EdlnwgGac ekIt)an } sIl 2 y:ag edayCaGPismacariksIl nig GaTiRBhµcriyksIldUecñH .


86 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

Tuk³TI 3

vínicä½ykñúgTuk³TI 3 KuN KW karevorcakeTas man)aNati)atCaedIm y:agNamYy CavírtisIl KuNd¾essmanectnaCaedIm CaGvírtisIl Kb,I RCabnUvsIlCa 2 y:ag KWCa vírtisIl nig GvírtisIl edayRbkardUecñH .

Tuk³TI 4

vínicä½ykñúgTuk³TI 4 / Baküfa nisSy )andl; nisS½y 2 y:ag KW tNðanisS½y 1 TidæinisS½y 1 kñúgBIry:agenaH sIlNaEdlbuKÁlR)afña PBsm,tþifa { eyIgnwg)anCaesþceTvta b¤ eTvtaNamYyedaysIlenH } dUecñH RbRBwtþeTA sIlenHCatNðanisSitsIl sIlNaEdlbuKÁlRbRBwtþ eTAedaysuT§iTidæifa { esckþIbrisuT§i ¬ nwgman)an ¦ edaysIlenH } dUecñH sIlenHCa TidæinisSitsIl cMENksIlNaEdlCaelakutþrkþI CaelakiyEt CaeRKÓgTMnukbRmúgelakutþrsIlenaH enHCaGnisSitsIl dUecñHÉg enHKW sIl 2 y:ag EdlCanisSitsIl nig GnisSitsIl dUecñHÉg .

Tuk³TI 5

kñúgTuk³TI 5 Kb,IRCabvínicä½ydUecñH sIlEdlbuKÁleFVIkarkMNt;kal smaTan eQµaHfa kalb,riynþsIl sIlEdlbuKÁl smaTanGs;mYyCÍvít ehIyRbRBwtþeTAGs;mYyCÍvítdUcKña eQµaHfa Ga)aNekadiksIl Kb,IRCab sIlCa 2 y:ag KWCa kalb,riynþsIl nig Ga)aNekadiksIl eday RbkardUecñH .


87 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

Tuk³TI 6

Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgTuk³TI 6 teTA ³ sIlEdlmankareXIjedayGMNac laP ys jati Gvyv³ nig CÍvít CaTIbMput eQµaHfa sbriynþsIl EdlpÞúyKñaeQµaHfa GbriynþsIl Bit ehIy sUm,IRBHFmµesnabtIsarIbutþ k¾eBalBaküenH kñúgKm<IrbdismÖiTamKÁ Tukfa { sYrfa sIlmanTIbMputenaHdUcemþc ? eqøIyfa sIlmanlaPCaTI bMputk¾man sIlmanysCaTIbMputk¾man sIlmanjatiCaTIbMputk¾man sIlmanGvyv³CaTIbMputk¾man sIlmanCÍvítCaTIbMputk¾man ¬ sYrfa ¦sIl manlaPCaTIbMputenaHdUcemþc ? ¬ eqøIyfa ¦buKÁlBYkxøH kñúgelakenH rEmgknøgsikçabTEdlxøÜnsmaTanehIy eRBaHlaPCaehtu eRBaHlaPCa bc©½y eRBaHlaPCaehtu sIlenaH eQµaHfa manlaPCaTIbMput } sIl eRkABIenHKb,IeFVI[Bisþareday])ayenHÉg sUm,IkarvísC¢naGbriynþsIl elakk¾eBalTukfa { ¬ sYrfa ¦ sIlminEmnmanlaPCaTIbMputdUcemþc ? ¬eqøIyfa¦ buKÁlBYkxøH kñúgelakenH mineFVIsUm,IEtkarKitelµIssikçabTtam EdlsmaTanehIy eRBaHlaPCaehtu eRBaHlaPCabc©½y eRBaHlaPCa RbFan[ekIteLIg eFVIemþceKnwgelµIs¬ edaykayvaca ¦eTA enH sIlenaH eQµaHfa minEmnmanlaPCaTIbMput } sUm,IsIleRkABIenH k¾Kb,IeFVI[ Bisþareday])ayenHdUcKña Kb,IRCabsIlCa 2 y:ag KWCasbriynþsIl nig GbriynþsIl edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

Tuk³TI 7 kñúgTuk³TI 7 Kb,IRCabvínicä½yfa sIlmanGasv³TaMgGs;Caelakiy sIl EdlminmanGasv³CaelakutþrsIl kñúgsIl 2 y:ag enaH elakiy


88 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

sIl rEmgCaKuNnaMPBBiessmk[ nig CaeRKÓgTMnukbRmúgkarecjcak PBpgEdr dUcRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;Tukfa { vín½y ¬ rEmgman ¦ edIm,I RbeyaCn_dl;sMvr³ sMvr³edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;Gvíb,disar³ Gvíb,disar³edIm,I RbeyaCn_dl;)aemaC¢ )aemaC¢edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;bIti bItiedIm,IRbeyaCn_ dl;bsST§i bsST§iedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;sux suxedIm,IRbeeyaCn_dl;smaFi smaFiedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;yfaPUtBaØaNTsSn³ yfaPUtBaØaNTsSn³ edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;niBViTa niBViTaedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;víraK³ víraK³edIm,I RbeyaCn_dl;vímutþi vímutþiedÍm,IRbeyaCn_dl;vímutþiBaØaNTsSn³ vímutþiBaØaNTsSn³edÍm,IRbeyaCn_dl;Gnu)aTabriniBVan / kfa¬karniyayKña¦ karRbwkSa Kña karcUlGgÁúyCítKña karepÞógesat³ ¬ beg¥ansþab; ¦ RKb;y:agenaHCa RbeyaCn_ enaHKWGVI enaHKWkarrYcputéncitþ eRBaHminRbkan;maM } dUecñH cMENkelakutþrsIl rEmgCaKuNnaMmknUvkarrlas;ecjcakPB nigCaPUmi énbc©evkçNBaØaN bNÐitKb,IRCabsIlCa 2 y:ag KW elakiysIl nig elakutþrsIl edayRbkardUecñH .

tik³TI 1 ¬ sIlBYk 3 ¦ kñúgtik³TaMgLay Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgtik³TI 1 dUecñH sIlEdlbuKÁl RbRBwtþeday qnÞ³ citþ vÍriy³ vímMsa y:agTab eQµaHfa hInsIl Edl RbRBwtþedayqnÞ³CaedImkNþal eQµaHfa mCÄímsIl EdlRbRBwtþeday qnÞ³CaedImRbNIt eQµaHfa bNItsIl . n½ymü:ageTot sIlEdlsmaTanedIm,IR)afñays eQµaHfa hInsIl EdlsmaTanedayRtÚvkarplbuNü eQµaHfa mCÄímsIl EdlsmaTan


89 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

edIm,IGriyPav³ edayKitfa vtßúenHKYreFVIBit eQµaHfa bNItsIl . mü:ag víjeTot sIlEdlesAhµgedayeTas mankarelIktemáIgxøÜn bg¥ab;Gñk déTy:agenHfa { eyIgCaGñkdl;RBmedaysIl cMENkPikçúdéTCaGñk RTúúsþsIl manFm’lamk } dUecñHCaedIm CahInsIl elakiysIlEdlmin esAhµgy:agenH CamCÄímsIl elakutþrsIl CabNItsIl . n½ymü:ageTot sIlEdlRbRBwtþeTAedIm,IRtÚvkarPB nig ePaK³eday GMNactNða CahInsIl sIlRbRBwtþeTAedIm,IRtÚvkar karrYcputcMeBaHxøÜn Ég CamCÄímsIl sIl)armIRbRBwtþeTAedIm,IRtÚvkaresckþIrYcputénsBVstV CabNItsIl bNÐitKb,IRCabnUvsIl 3 y:ag KWCa hInsIl mCÄímsIl nig bNItsIl edayRbkardUecñH .

tik³TI 2 Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgtik³TI 2 teTA ³ sIlEdlbuKÁlGñkF¶n;kñúgxøÜn R)afñanwglHkmµEdlminKYrdl;xøÜn RbRBwtþ edayesckþIeKarBkñúgxøÜn eQµaHfa GtþaFibetyüsIl ¬sIlmanxøÜnCaFM ¦. sIlEdlbuKÁlF¶n;kñúgelak R)afñanwgeKcBIBakütiHedolrbs;elak RbRBwtþ edayesckþIeKarBkñúgelak eQµaHfa elakaFibetyüsIl ¬ sIlman elakCaFM ¦ . sIlEdlbuKÁlF¶n;kñúgFm’ R)afñanwgbUCaPaBCaFMcMeBaHFm’ RbRBwtþedayesckþIeKarBkñúgFm’ eQµaHfa FmµaFibetyüsIl ¬ sIlmanFm’ CaFM ¦ Kb,IRCabsIl 3y:ag EdlmanGtþaFibetyüsIlCaedIm dUecñHÉg.

tik³TI 3 Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgtik³TI 3 teTA ³


90 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

sIlNaEdlehAfa nisSitsIlkñúgsIlBYk 2 sIlenaHeQµaH fa bramdæsIl eRBaHRtÚv tNða nig Tidæi cab;yk / sIlCasmÖar³énmKÁrbs; klüaNbufuC¢n nig Edlsm,yutþedaymKÁrbs;RBHeskçTaMgLay eQµaH fa GbramdæsIl ¬sIlEdlminRtÚv tNðanigTidæi cab;yk¦ cMENksIl Edlsm,yutþedayplTaMgLayrbs;RBHeskç nig rbs;RBHGrhnþ eQµaH fa bdibsST§isIl ¬ sIlEdls¶b;rm¶ab;ehIy ¦ Kb,IRCabsIl 3 y:ag EdlCabramdæsIlCaedImdUecñH .

tik³TI 4 Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgtik³TI 4 teTA ³ sIlEdlPikçúGñkminRtÚvGabtþi eFVI[bribUrkþI EdlRtÚvehIy sEmþgecj kþI eQµaHfa vísuT§isIl sIlEdlPikçúRtÚvGabtþiehIyminsEmþg eQµaHfa GvísuT§isIl sIlrbs;PikçúGñksgS½ykñúgvtßúkþI kñúgGabtþikþI kñúgGCÄacarkþI eQµaHfa evmtiksIl/ kñúgsIlTaMgLayenaH GvísuT§isIl RBHeyaKavcrKYr eFVI[brisuT§ / kñúgevmtiksIlkuMeFVIkarknøgelµIsvtßú Kb,IbenÞabg;esckþI sgS½yecj[)an y:agenH esckþIsuxnwgmandl;Gñk Kb,IRCabsIl 3 y:ag EdlCavísuT§isIlCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

tik³TI 5 Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgtik³TI 5 dUcteTA ³ sIlEdlsm,yutþedayGriymKÁ 4 nig samBaØpl 3 CaeskçsIl Edlsm,yutþedayGrhtþpl CaGeskçsIl d¾essCaenveskçanaeskçsIl Kb,IRCabsIl 3 y:ag EdlCaeskçsIl CaedIm edayRbkardUecñH


91 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

EtkñúgKm<IrbdismÖuiTamKÁ RBHFmµesnabtIsarIbutþeBalTukfa { eRBaHehtu fa sUm,IRbRktIrbs;stVenaH ² kñúgelakk¾ehAfa sIl EdleKnaMKñaeBal fa GyM suxsIela buKÁlenHmanRbRktICasux GyM TukçsIela buKÁl enHmanRbRktICaTukç / GyM klhsIela buKÁlenHmanRbRktIeQøaH RbEkk / GyM mNÐnsIela buKÁlenHmanRbRktIEtgxøÜndUecñH / eday briyayenH eTIbsIlman 3 y:ag KW kuslsIl GkuslsIl GBüakt sIl / sIl 3 y:ag EdlCakuslsIlCaedImdUecñHÉg kñúgsIl 3 y:ag enaH GkuslsIl rEmgminsmCamYyGakarsUm,IEt 1 enAkñúgGakarTaMg BYg manlkçN³CaedIm énsIlEdlsMedAykkñúgGtßenH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbminrab;cUlkñúgsIlnieTÞsenH eRBaHdUecñaH Kb,IRCabesckþIEdlsIl enaHman 3 y:ag kñúgn½ydUcEdl)aneBalehIyenaHcuH .

ctuk³TI 1 ¬ sIlBYk 4 ¦ kñúgctuk³TaMgLay Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgctuk³TI 1 dUcteTA ³ PikçúNakñúgsasnaenH esBKb;EtbuKÁlRTúsþsIl minesBKb;buKÁl mansIl CabuKÁll¶g; mineXIjeTaskñúgkarelµIsvtßú CaGñkeRcIneTAeday karKitxus minrkSa\®nÞIy_TaMgLay sIlrbs;PikçúrUbenaHÉgcat;Ca hanPaKiysIl ¬ sIltaMgenAkñúgcMENkénesckþIvínas ¦ cMENkPikçúNa kñúg RBHsasnaenH CaGñkmancitþrIkrayEtkñúgsIlsm,tþi minjúaMgnUvesckþI eBjcitþkñúgkarRbkbkmµdæanerOy ² [ekIteLIg sIlenaHrbs;PikçúEdl eBjcitþenAedayKuNRtwmsIl minBüayamCab;tKña[éRkElgeLIgeTA enaHCa zítiPaKiysIl ¬ sIltaMgenAkñúgcMENkRTRTg;xøÜn ¦ ÉPikçúNaCa


92 vísuT§imKÁ RbePTrbs;sIl

GñkmansIldl;RBmehIy BüayamCab;tKña[)ansmaFi sIlrbs;Pikçú enaHCa víessPaKiysIl ¬ sIlEdltaMgenAkñúgcMENkvíesseLIg ¦ PikçúNaminlµmcitþedayKuNRtwmsIlRbkbedayniBViTaerOy ² Canic© sIl rbs;PikçúenaHCa nieBVFPaKiysIl ¬sIltaMgenAkñúgcMENkTmøaykiels ¦ dUecñHÉg Kb,IRCabsIl 4 y:ag EdlCa hanPaKiysIl CaedIm eday RbkardUecñH .

ctuk³TI 2 Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgctuk³TI 2 teTA ³ sikçabTEdlRTg;bBaØtþR)arB§cMeBaHPikçúTaMgLay nigsikçabTTaMgLay EdlPikçúTaMgLayenaHcaM)ac;RtÚvrkSa eRBaHCaBuT§b,BaØtþisRmab;Pikçú enH eQµaHfa PikçúsIl / sikçabTEdlRTg;bBaØtþR)arB§PikçúnITaMgLay nig sikçabTEdlPikçúnITaMgLayenaHcaM)ac;RtÚvrkSa eRBaHCaBuT§b,BaØtþisRmab; PikçúnI enHeQµaHfa PikçúnIsIl / sIl 10 rbs;sameNr nig sameNrI TaMgLay eQµaHfa Gnubsm,nñsIl sikçabT 5 rbs;])ask])asika Ca nic©sIl b¤ eBlman]sSah_ sikçabT 10 ¬ b¤ ¦ sikçabT 8 EdlCaGgÁ ]e)asf enHeQµaHfa KhdæsIl / Kb,IRCabsIl 4 y:ag EdlCaPikçú sIlCaedIm edayRbkardUecñH .

ctuk³TI 3

Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgctuká³TI 3 dUcteTA ³ karminelµIssIl 5 rbs;mnusS]tþrkuruTVIb eQµaHfa bktisIl

/


93 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

maryaT nig critrbs;xøÜn ² cMeBaHRtkUléneTs³ nig én)asNг ¬ lT§i ¦ eQµaHfa GacarsIl / sIlrbs;RBHmataénRBHbrmeBaFistVEdlman RBHBuT§tRmas;Tuky:agenHfa { mñalGannÞ esckþIenHCaFmµta kñúgkal RBHeBaFistVcuHkan;épÞrbs; RBHmataehIy kareBjcitþTak;Tgedaykam kñúgbursTaMgLay rEmgminekIteLIgcMeBaHRBHmatarbs;RBHbrmeBaFistV} dUecñH enHeQµaHfa FmµtasIl cMENkkñúgCatienaH ² rbs;stVEdlman snþanbrisuT§TaMgLay manRBHmhaksSb³CaGaT× nig rbs;RBHeBaFistV eQµaHfa buBVehtusIl ¬sIlmanehtuEdlseRmcmktaMgBIkñúgCatimun²¦. Kb,IRCabsIl 4 y:ag KWCa bktisIl CaedImedayRbkardUecñH .

mhadÍka kfaeBalGMBI RbePTrbs;sIl víF s½BÞ kñúgbTfa ktivíFM enHCabriyayénekadæas ¬ cMENk ¦ dUcCa kñúgBaküCaedImfa ÉkvíeFn rUbsgÁeha ¬ rUbse®gÁaHedaycMENkmü:ag ¦ b¤ manGtßfa Rbkar mann½yfa manb:unµanRbkar GFib,ayfa RbePTén sIlmanb:unµanRbkar ? . bTfa sIlnlkçeNn mann½yfa eday sPav³ eBalKW karsRgÜm . sIl eQµaHfa crit eRBaHGtßfa CaehtuRbRBwtþ KW cUldl;PaBCa GñkeFVI[bribUrkñúgsIlTaMgLay / critenaHÉgCa caritsIl . eQµaHfa varit eRBaHGtßfa CaehtuTb;xøÜn KW rkSaxøÜnTukBIx>EdlRTg; ham / smacard¾éRkElg eQµaHfa GPismacar / sIl RbkbehIykñúg


94 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

GPismacarenaH b¤ GPismacarenaH CaRbeyaCn_dl;sIlenH ehtuenaH sIlenH eTIbeQµaHfa GPismacarik ERbfa RbkbkñúgGPismacar b¤ man GPismacarCaRbeyaCn_ . sIl eQµaHfa GaTiRBhµcriy eRBaHGtßfa CaxagedIménRBhµcarü / GaTiRBhµcriy enaHÉgCa GaTiRBhµcriykM . sIl eQµaHfa vírti eRBaHGtßfa CaeRKÓgevor / mü:agvíjeTot eQµaHfa vírti eRBaHGtßfa evorpÞal; . n½ymü:ageTot karevor eQµaHfa vírti / eQµaHfa Gvírti eRBaHGtßfa minevor . eQµaHfa nisSitsIl eRBaHGtßfa GaRs½yehIy / eQµaHfa GnisSitsIl eRBaHGtßfa minGaRs½yehIy . sIl eQµaHfa briynþ eRBaHGtßfa manTIbMput / sIlmanTIbMput edaykal eQµaHfa kalb,riynþ / mü:ageTot sIl eQµaHfa kalb,riynþM eRBaHGtßfa sIlenaHmankaltamEdlkMNt;TukkñúgTIbMput . eQµaHfa Ga)aNekadíkM eRBaHGtßfa mandrabesµInwgxül;degðIm KW kar rs;enACaTIbMputCakMNt; . sIl eQµaHfa elakiy eRBaHGtßfa RbkbehIykñúgelakeday bc½©yTaMgLayrbs;xøÜn b¤ R)akdehIykñúgelakenaH . sIl eQµaHfa elakutþr eRBaHGtßfa qøgcakelak . eQµaHfa hIn ¬ efak ¦ eRBaHGtßfa efakCagmCÄímsIl nig bNIt sIl edaybc©½y nig edaypl b¤ R)ascakKuNTaMgLayénsIlTaMg enaH .


95 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

eQµaHfa bNIt eRBaHGtßfa naMeTAkan;PaBCaRbFan edaybc©½y TaMgLayrbs;xøÜn . sIltaMgenACakNþalénsIlTaMgBIrenaHÉg eQµaH fa mCÄím . karmanxøÜnCaFMéRkElg eQµaHfa GtþaFibetyü . sUm,IkñúgBYk 2 én bTd¾ess k¾mann½ydUcKña . sIl eQµaHfa bramdæ eRBaHGtßfa EdltNða b¤ Tidæi sÞabGEg¥l ehIy km©at;ehIy . edayn½ypÞúyKñaCamYybramdæsIlenaH sIl eQµaH fa GbramdæsIl . sIl mankielss¶b;ehIy eQµaHfa bdíbsST§i . sIl eQµaHfa eskç eRBaHGtßfa ekItkñúgsikça b¤CasIlrbs;RBHeskç . EdlTak;Tg kñúgGeskçFm’ eRBaHmankic©énsikçacb;ehIy eQµaHfa Geskç. eQµaHfa enveskçanaeskç . pÞúyKñaBIsIlTaMgBIrenaH . sIl eQµaHfa hanPaKiy eRBaHGtßfa esBesckþIvínas b¤ man cMENkénesckþIvínas . sUm,IkñúgbTd¾ess k¾mann½ydUcKña . sIl manTIbMput eRBaHminmanRbmaN nig manesckþIbrisuT§i eQµaH fa briynþb,arisuT§isIl . sIl minmanTIbMput eRBaHminmanRbmaN nig manesckþIbrisuT§i eQµaHfa Gbriynþb,arisuT§isIl . sIl EdlbribUN’edayRbkarTaMgBYg nig manesckþIbrisuT§i eQµaHfa bribuNÑb,arisuT§isIl . Baküfa tamn½ydUcEdl)aneBalehIy mann½yfa tamn½yEdl


96 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

)aneBalehIyxagedImfa sIlnedæn sIlM eQµaHfa sIl edayGtßfa sRgÜmrvaMgTuk dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa karbMeBjsikçabTEdlRTg; bBaØtþTukfa vtßúenHKYreFVI mann½yfa karbMeBjsIl KW sikçabTEdlRTg; bBaØtþTuky:agenHfa GPismacariksIlenH KYreFVI KYrbdibtþi dUecñH . Gñk bMeBjsIl KW sikçabT eQµaHfa bMeBj KW rkSanUvsikçabT . mü:agvíjeTot sikçaenaHÉg eQµaHfa sikçabT eRBaHRtÚvsikSa nig RtÚvbdibtþi . Kb,IRbkbBaküfa tsS bUrNM ¬ bMeBjsikçabTenaH ¦ cUlpgEdr . Baküfa karmineFVIx>EdlRTg;hamfa vtßúenHminKYreFVI mann½yfa karmineFVI KW karevorx>EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;hamTukfa enHCaTuc©rit minKYreFVIdUecñH . edaybTfa crnþi tsµw elakGacarüeBal nig GFib,ay esckþIEdl sIlCaGFikrN³fa buKÁlEdlmanesckþIRBmeRBógedaysIlTaMgLay enaH rEmgRbRBwtþenAkñúgsIlenaH eTIbsEmþgPaBénsIlCazanEdl RbRBwtþeTArbs;buKÁlGñkmankarRBmeRBógedaysIlenaH edaybTfa rEmgRbRBwtþenAkñúgsIlenaH . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa rEmg RbRBwtþeTAedayPaBCaGñkeFVI[bribUrkñúgsIlTaMgLay . Baküfa x>EdlRTg;ham mann½yfa hamTukfa enHminKYreFVI Ca Gkb,iy³ . Baküfa rEmgkarBar mann½yfa rEmgkarBarTukedaykar mineFVIenaHÉg. Baküfa edaysIlenaH elakGacarüeBalfa varitsIl. eQµaHfa varitsIl eRBaHGtßfa CaTIham b¤ CaeRKÓghamrbs;RBH sasþa )andl; sikçabT . eQµaHfa varitsIl eRBaHGtßfa CaehtukarBarTukrbs;GñkminjúaMg


97 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

sikçabT[keRmIk . Baküfa seRmcedaysT§a nig vÍriy³ mann½yfa Kb,I[seRmc edaysT§a nig edayvÍriy³ KW esckþI]sSah_Büayam . buKÁlminmansT§a nig buKÁlx¢ilRcGUsnwgeFVIvtþbdibtþi[bribUrmin)an eLIy / GñkmansT§ab:ueNÑaH manRbRktIeXIjP½ykñúgeTas sUm,Iman RbmaNtictYcEdlRBHsasþaRTg;hamTuk rEmgsmaTansikSanUvsikçabT TaMgLay dUecñH eTIbelakeBalfa varitsIl seRmcedaysT§adUecñH . karRbRBwtiþedayesckIþekatERkg d¾víesséRkElg eRBaHTak;Tgkñúg GFisIlsikça eQµaHfa GPismacar dUecñH eTIIbelakeBalfa ]tþmsmacaera ERbfa karRbRBwtþiekatERkgedayl¥ y:agx<g;x<s; GFib,ayfa GPismacaera enaHÉgCa GPismacariikM dUcCa evnyieka ¬edImCa evny Gñkeron RBHvín½yCa evnyieka ¦ . GPismacar edaynieTÞsy:ag]Rkidæ )andl; sIlkñúgmKÁ nigkñúgpl / sIlEdlRTg;bBaØtþR)arB§cMeBaHGPismacarenaH manGPismacarenaHCa pl manGPismacarenaHCaRbeyaCn_ eQµaHfa GPismacariksIl . sIlenH KW kaykmµ 3 EdlbrisuT§l¥ vcIkmµ 4 EdlbrisuT§l¥ / GaCÍv³Edl brisuT§l¥ eQµaHfa GaCÍvdæmksIl ¬sIlmanGaCÍv³CaKRmb; 8 ¦. kñúgGaCÍvdæmksIlenaH karevorcakTuc©rit 7 Rbkar EdlmanGaCÍBCaehtu eQµaHfa smµaGaCÍv³ eRBaHdUecñaH sUm,IsmµaGaCÍv³enaHk¾man 7 edayBit / sUm,Iy:agenaH RBHmanRBHPaK k¾Rtas;eFVIGaCÍv³enaH[Etmü:ag edayPaB CasmµaGaCÍv³dUcKña . mü:agvíjeTot RTg;Rtas;rYmkarevorcakmicäaCÍB EdlmicäaCÍBmankuhn³


98 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

vtßú 3 Rbkar CaTIGaRs½yCamYyKñafa {GaCÍv³brisuT§l¥} dUecñH . mKÁenaH ÉgeQµaHfa RBhµcarü eRBaHCakarRbRBwtþid¾RbesIr dUecñaHeTIbeQµaHfa mKÁRBhµcriy³ énmKÁRBhµcarüenaH . bTfa GaTiPavPUtM mann½yfa dl;ehIy KW seRmcehIynUvPaBCa Fm’KYrceRmIn KW Kb,I[seRmckñúgxagedIm eQµaHfa GaTiPavPUtM . sUm,IsmµaTidæi k¾CaxagedIm tamlMdab;éneTsnak¾Bit sUm,Iy:agenaH GaCÍvdæmksIl k¾CaxagedImtamlMdab;énkar bdibtþi dUecñHÉg . bTfa tsS sm,tþiya mann½yfa GaTiRBhµcriyksIl nwg dl;RBm k¾eRBaHGPismacariksIldl;RBm KW bribUN’ . GñkNaevorsikçabT EdlRsalmaneTastictYc)an GñkenaHnwgevor sikçabTEdlmaneTasF¶n;maneTaseRcIn mankMhuseRcIn)an eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbminmanBaküEdlRtÚvniyayEtmü:agdUecñH . RBHsURtrEmgeFVIesckþIenH[Cak;c,as;edayn½ypÞúyKña . kñúgbNþa BaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa Fm’ )andl; sIl . sIl enaHelakehAfa Fm’ eRBaHGtßfa RTRTg;TuknUvKuNvíesséRk ElgeLIgeTA >>>. edIm,InwgsEmþgfa vírtisIlminlayKñaCamYynwgsIleRkABIenH TaMg eBlmankarsm,eyaKCaedIm ¬ sm,eyaK KW karRbkbrYmKña ¦ eTIb elakeBalfa { KuNRtwmEtkarevor } dUecñH . kñúgBaküfa { edayGMNacnisSitsIl nig GnisSitsIl } enH elakGacarübMNgnwgsEmþg nisy ¬ TIGaRs½y ¦ Camun eTIbeBalBakü fa nisy CaedIm . kñúgBaküenH tNðaEtmü:ag eQµaHfa tNðanisS½y


99 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

eRBaHbuKÁlEdlmantNðacrit Kb,IGaRs½y . TidæinisS½yk¾dUcKña . Bit ehIy buKÁlEdlmanTidæicrit sUm,IeBlTidæiminman eRBaHevorcaktNðða k¾ CaGñkGaRs½yTidæi Etmü:ag ekItxagkñúg . elakGacarüeBaldl;eTvtaEdlR)akd manmharaCTaMg 4 manská mharaC nig suyam CaedIm fa eTvta. eBaldl;eTvtaminR)akdfa eTvtaGgÁNamYy . sIl GaRs½ytNða mü:ag ehtuenaHeQµaHfa tNðanisSitsIl . GacarüBYkxøHeBalfa sIlEdltNðaGaRs½yehIydUecñH . Bakürbs;GacarüBYkxøHenaHrEmgxus edayBaküfa { nisy ¬ TI GaRs½y ¦ man 2 y:ag } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa edaysuTi§Tidæi mann½y fa edayTidæiEdlRbRBwtþeTAehIyy:agenHfa { brisuT§caksgSar nwg man edayRbkardUecñH } GFib,ayfa elakutþrsIl . bTfa tesSv mann½yfa sIlCaGgÁ KW CaehtuénelakutþrenaHÉg sMedAn½yfa Ca]bnisS½yénvívdþ³ . Baküfa eFVIkarkMNt;kal mann½yfa eFVIkarkMNt;edayGMNac kal dUcBaküfa {Gs; 1 yb; nig 1 éf¶} CaedIm . edIm,IsEmþgfa sIl EdlbuKÁl sUm,ImineFVIkarkMNt;kalsmaTan ehIydac;kñúgrvag sUm,I sIlEdlbuKÁlRbRBwtþehIyGs;mYyCÍvít edayGMNacsm,tþvírti minEmn CasIlman Ga)aNekadíksIl ¬ Gs;mYyCÍvít ¦ dUecñH eTIbeBalfa {sIlEdlbuKÁlsmaTanehIyGs;mYyCÍvít ehIyRbRBwtþeTAGs;mYyCÍvít dUcKña} . Baküfa edayGMNac laP ys jati Gvyv³ nig CÍvít man


100 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

n½yfa edayGMNaceFVIlaP nig ysEdlminTan;ekIteLIg [ekIteLIg edayGMNackarrkSa nigedayGMNackareFVI[ceRmInnUvlaP nigysEdl ekIteLIgehIy edayGMNackareFVI jati Gvyv³ nigCÍvítmin[vínaseTA . Baküfa GñkenaHnwgknøg)andUcemþc mann½yfa x>EdlfaGñkNamineFVI sUm,Icitþ[ekIteLIgedIm,IesckþIelµIs / GñkenaHnwgelµIstampøÚvkayvaca enH nwgman)andUcemþc / GFib,ayfa x>enHminman . É kw s½BÞ enHcuH kñúgGtßbdíesF . sIl NabgðÚrGasv³ mankamasv³CaedIm ecjmk edayPaBCa GarmµN_dUcdMe)AbgðÚrxÞúH ecjmkdUecñaH ehtuenaH sIlenaH eQµaHfa sasv eRBaHGtßfa RbRBwtþeTACamYyGasv³TaMgLay sUm,IeBlman nig minmankarRbkbKñak¾eday . elakGacarüeBalfa { sIlmanGasv³ eQµaHfa elakiysIl } dUecñH eRBaHCaFmµCatiRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 ehtuenaH eTIbsIlenaHTak;TgkñúgPUmi 3 enaH . PBvíessTaMgLay )an dl; sm,tþiPB . Baküfa víny )andl; vínybriytþi b¤ sikçabTEdlmankñúgvíny briytþienaH . esckþI)aemaC¢ )andl; bItibnþicbnþÜc . yfaPUtBaØaNTsSn )andl; kareXIjnamrUb RBmTaMgbc©½y/ b¤ víbsSnaTn;exSayEdl mankareXIjnamrUbRBmTaMgbc©½yenaHCaTItaMg . bTfa niBViTa )andl; niBViTajaN . edayBaküenaH elakGacarü eBaldl;víbsSnaEdlmankmøaMg . víraK )andl; mKÁ . vímutþi )andl; Grhtþpl . vímutþiBaØaNTsSn )andl; bc©evkçNBaØaN . Baküfa kfa )andl; kfaeBaledayvín½y .


101 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

Baküfa karRbwkSa )andl; karBicarNaRBHvín½y . Baküfa karGaRs½y Kñay:agéRkElg ¬ karcUleTAGgÁúyCít ¦ )andl; ]bnisSyb,c©½y eBal KW kartKñaénehtutamEdleBalmk . elakutþrsIl )andl; sIlEdl manGaCÍv³CaTI 8 EdlRbkbedaymKÁcitþ nig plcitþ . kñúgelakutþrsIl enaH sIlkñúgmKÁCaeRKÓgnaMecjcakPB nig CaPUmirbs;bc©evkçNBaØN cMENksIlkñúgplCaPUmirbs;bc©evkçNBaØaNEtmü:ag . Kb,IeXIjfa karEdlGFibtImanqnÞ³CaedIm CaFm’efakTab k¾eday GMNacGFimutþiefakTab . CaFm’RbNItk¾edayGMNacGFimutþiRbNIt . Ca Fm’kNþal ² k¾edayGMNacenAkNþalFm’ efakTab nig Fm’RbNItTaMg 2 enaH . dUcCa kmµ elakEbgEckedayRbePT mankmµefakTabCaedIm edayGMNackarRbmUlmky:agNa / sUm,IGFibtImanqnÞ³CaedIm k¾dUecñaH elakEbgEcktamGMNackarRbRBwtþi nig GakarEdlekIteLIgrbs;GFibtI manqnÞ³CaedImenaH k¾manedayRbePTénGFimutþi . Baküfa edayesckþIR)afñays mann½yfa edaykarrIkrayy:agéRk Elgkñúgkiitþiys nigkarsresIr b¤ edaykarR)afñabrivar . eQµaHfa GaRs½yGriy³ eRBaHs¥b;ex<ImGMeBIGaRkk;edayKitfa {mnusS dUceyIg Kb,IeFVIkmµdUecñH)any:agNa } . Baküfa EdlminesAhµg edaykarelIktemáIgxøÜnbg¥ab;eK nig Edl minesAhµgeday]bkáielsTaMgLaydéT . Baküfa edÍm,IRtÚvkarPB nig ePaK³ mann½yfa edIm,IRtÚvkarsm,tþi kñúgPB nig edIm,IRtÚvkarsm,tþi KW ePaK³ . Baküfa sIlEdlRbRBwtþeTAedÍm,IRtÚvkarkarrYcputcMeBaHxøÜn elak


102 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

eBaldl; sIlrbs;RBHsav½keBaFistV nig RBHbec©keBaFistV . Baküfa edÍm,IRtÚvkarkarrYcputcMeBaHsBVstV mann½yfa edIm,IrMedaHsBVstV TaMgLayBIeRKÓgcg KW sgSarvdþ . sIlEdlCafñak;)armI )andl; sIl rbs;RBHmhaeBaFistV . sPaBCasIl)armI mankarkMNt;edayesckþI kruNa nig ])ayekaslüR)arB§mhaeBaFiBaØaNRbRBwtþeTAmanPaBs¥at nigdusxat;rhUtdl;fñak;]Rkidæy:agéRkElg evorcakkarkMNt; eTs³ kal nig stVCaedIm . bTfa GnnurUbM ERbfa minsmKYr . mnusSenaHÉgCaTIeKarB nig Ca GFibtIrbs;xøÜnenaH ehtuenaH buKÁlenaH eQµaHfa GtþKru ERbfa manxøÜn CaTIeKarB KW GñkEdléRkElgedaykarxµas sIlrbs;buKÁlenaH Gñkman xøÜnCaGFibtI eQµaHfa GtþaFibetyüsIl / elakCaGFibtI KW CaTIeKarB rbs;buKÁlenaH ehtuenaH buKÁlenaH eQµaHfa elakaFibtI ERbfa man elakCaGFibtI KW GñkEdléRkElgeday»tþb,³ . Fmµtafa Fm’enHman GanuPaBeRcIn CaniyüanikFm’Etmü:ag nig Fm’enHbuKÁlKb,IbUCaedaykar bdibtþienaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH buKÁlEdlR)afñabUCaPaBCaFMcMeBaHFm’ k¾edaykarKity:agenHfa {eyIgnwgbUCaFm’enaHedaykardl;RBménsIl}. bTfa bramdætþa mann½yfa EdltNðanigTidæi sÞabGEg¥lehIy eday kareFVI[vínas . BitehIy tNðanigTidæi TaMgLaysÞabGEg¥lnUvsIlrbs; buKÁlEdlRbRBwtþeTAehIyedayKitfa {edaysIlenHeyIgnwgCaeTB b¤Ca eTvtaGgÁNamYy / esckþIbrisuT§icaksgSar nwgmanedaysIlrbs;eyIg enH } eFVIbuKÁlenaH[dl;nUvPaBGn;fy eRBaHkareFVImin[Ca]bnisSyb,c©½ydl;mKÁ .


103 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

Baküfa rbs;klüaNbufuC¢n mann½yfa énbuKÁlEdlCabuKÁll¥ kñúgbufuC¢nTaMgLay . buKÁlEdlCabuKÁll¥enaH sUm,ICabufuC¢nk¾Rbkb edaysIlCaedImEdlmanesckþIl¥ . eQµaHfa GbramdæsIl eRBaHGtßfa EdlkielsCaeRKÓgsÞabGEg¥lTaMgLayenaH minsÞabGEg¥l eRBaHRKb sgát; nig eRBaHkat;pþac;nUvkielsCaeRKÓgsÞabGEg¥lTaMgLay)an . eQµaHfa bdíbsST§isIl eRBaHrm¶ab; KW s¶b;karrsab;rsl; KW kiels enaH ² . Baküfa EdlsEmþgecj mann½yfa sEmþgvtßúEdleFVIehIy tamFm’ edayvudæanvíFI nig eTsnavíFI . edayGakardUc)aneBalmkenH sIlenaH eTIbtaMgenAdUcRbRktIvíj . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa {sIlenaHeQµaHfa vísuT§isIl} . mü:agvíjeTot edayBaküfa { EdlsEmþgehIy } enHKb,IeXIjfa elakrYbrYmsUm,IkartaMgcitþfa { n buenvM krisSM } eyIgnwgmineFVIy:ag enHeTotdUecñHpgEdr . GñkmanesckþIsgS½y KW esckþIsgS½ykñúgvtßú kñúg n½yCaedImfa {sac;xøaXMµú b¤ sac;RCÚk} dUecñHkþI / kñúgGabtþi edayn½y CaedImfa {Ca)acitþiy b¤ hñ+ ¡ / Ca Tukdþ b¤ hñ+ ¡ } dUecñHkþI b¤ kñúg GCÄacar edayn½yCaedImfa {eyIgRbRBwtþknøgvtßúenaHb¤eThñ+ ¡} dUecñHkþI k¾Kb,ICRmHecjedaykarsEmþgtamFm’ . vímti ¬ esckþIsgS½y ¦ enaHÉgCa evmtik eBlesckþIsgS½yenaH manehIy mann½yfa eBlekItesckþIsgS½yeLIg. Baküfa Kb,IbenÞabg;esckþIsgS½y mann½yfa KYrBicarNavtßúenaH Ég b¤ sYrRBHvínyFr ehIybenÞabg;esckþIsgS½yecj PikçúEdlminman


104 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

esckþIsgS½y RbsinebICa kb,iy³ k¾Kb,IeFVI / ebICaGkb,iy³ k¾Kb,Ievor cak . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { y:agenH esckþIsuxnwgmandl; Gñk } . BakümanCaGaT×fa { edayGriymKÁ 4 } elakeBalnUvsIlEdlTak; TgkñúgmKÁplfa sm,yutþedaymKÁpl . evaharEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúg esckþIrYmTaMgLay k¾RbRBwtþeTAkñúgcMENkepSg²pgEdr . Baküfa sIld¾ess )andl; elakiysIlTaMgGs; . Baküfa sUm,IRbRktI )andl; sUm,IsPav³ . manRbRktICasux man karenArYmCasux . Baküfa edaybriyayenaH KW edayGtßEdlR)ab;dl; esckþIfa RbRktI . GBüaktsIlRbePTxøH enArYmCamYyKñanwgsIlEdl bMNgykkñúgTIenH)an dUecñHedIm,IsEmþgfa GkuslsIlb:ueNÑaH elak minRbkbTuk k¾eBalBakümanCaGaT×fa { kñúgsIl 3 y:agenaH Gkusl sIl} GFib,ayfa Bity:agenaH eskçtik elakkan;ykkñúgTIenH / Etkñúg TIenHminnaMykkusltþik³cUlTukeT . Baküfa { kñúgn½ydUcEdl)an eBalTukehIyenaH } mann½yfa kñúgn½ydUcEdl)aneBalTukehIyenaH Ég Kb,IRCabfa sIlenaHman 3 RbePT edayGMNactik³ 5 manhIntik³ CaedIm minrYmykkusltþik³eT . Baküfa eyaF kat;bTCa eya ÷ \F . Baküfa kñúgkarelµIs vtßú mann½yfa kñúgkarelµIs KW RbRBwtþknøgvtßúénGabtþi . mhavítká³ 9 man kamsgáb,vítká³ CaedIm eQµaHfa micäasgáb,³ . Baküfa EbbenH ERbfa GñkdUecñH . eBlPikçúenaHmincUleTArkPikçúGñk


105 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

mansIl esBKb;EtPikçúRTúsþsIl bnÞab;BIenaHÉg k¾nwgmineXIjeTasén karelµIsbBaØtþi eRBaHkan;ykKRmÚrbs;PikçúEdlRTúsþsIlTaMgLayenaH min rkSa\®nÞIy_EdlmancitþCaTI 6 eRBaHeRcIneTAeday micäasgáb,³ / sIlnwg Ca hanPaKiysIl Etmü:agb:ueNÑaH minCa zítiPaKiysIl / manPaBCa víessPaKiysIlCaedIm mkBITINa . bTfa edaysIlsm,tþi )andl; edaykarbribUrN_énsIl KW eday ctub,arisuT§isIl . Baküfa minBüayamCab;tKña [éRkElgeLIgeTA mann½yfa minBüayamedIm,IseRmcKuNvíess [éRkElgeLIgeTA . sIlenaHcat;Ca zítiPaKiysIl eRBaHminRbRBwtþeTARBmedIm,IsmaFi Edl nwgseRmc)anfa sIlRbRBwtþeTARBmedIm,IsmaFi KW kñúgeBlsmaFi seRmcehIy . Baküfa edÍm,IRbeyaCn_dl;smaFi mann½yfa edIm,ICaRbeyaCn_dl; kartaMgcitþmaMedayGMNacsmf³ . Baküfa cMeBaH niBViTM KW cMeBaH víbsSna . s½BÞfa niBViTa k¾edIm,IsEmþgdl;víbsSnamankmøaMg eRBaHsIl nwgseRmcPaBCa nieBVFPaKiysIl)an sUm,IedayehtuRtwmEtb:ueNÑH . P¢ab;esckþIfa yani c sikçabTani ensM rkçitBVani ¬ sikçabT TaMgLayNaEdlPikçúTaMgLayenaHKb,IrkSa ¦ sikçabTTaMgLayenaH )an dl; sikçabTx>déTxøHeRkABIGsaFarNb,BaØtþi . Baküfa ensM KW PikçúTaMgLayenaHCaqdæIvíPtþi cuHkñúg ktþú eRBaHsMedA dl;bTfa { rkçitBVani } ¬ RtÚvrkSa ¦ ERbfa EdlPikçúTaMgLayenaHKb,I rkSa . Baküfa b¤ eBlman]sSah_ KW eBlman]sSah_edIm,IxVl;xVayrkSa


106 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

sIlTaMgLay . Baküfa 10 elakeBaldl;sIl EdlsameNr TaMgLay Kb,IrkSa dUcsIlrbs;XdíkaRBahµN_CaedIm . Baküfa 8 KW sIl 8 x>Edlevorcakx>xageRkayrbs;sIlTaMgGs; edayrYmx>evor cakkarraMErkCaedIm CamYynwgx>evorcakkaresotpáaeQICaedIm cUlkñúg esckþIEtmYydUcKña . Baküfa karminelµIs KW karminelµIssIlTaMg5 . Baküfa bktisIl KW sIltamsPav³ . BYkCnGñk]tþrkuruTVIbmansIlEdlkMNt;edaykarekIt kñúgTIenaH . Baküfa critEdlCamaryaT mann½yfa critEdlbuBVburs kñúgRtkUlCaedImenaH² taMgTuk / EdlCaRBMEdnxagkñúg mineFVIvtßúEdlman eTasenaH ² . k¾Fm’RbcaMRtkUl b¤ Fm’RbcaMtMbn; nig lT§i)asNг elaksMedAyk fa GacarsIl kñúgx>enaH karEdlBYkRBahµN_CaedIm minpåkTwkRsvågCa edIm eQµaHfa Fm’RbcaMRtkUl karEdlGñkCnbTkEnøgxøH minebotebon KñaCaedIm eQµaHfa Fm’RbcaMtMbn; / Fm’ KW lT§i)asNг )andl; x>bdibtþi man ym nig niym CaedImrbs;BYktirßiy . BitehIy lT§§irbs;BYktirßiy rEmgeTA KW RbRBwtþeTAedayGnÞak; KW Tidæí nig GnÞak; KW tNða ehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { )asNг } ERbfa eTAedayGnÞak; / mü:agvíjeTot elakeBalfa { )asNÐ } eRBaHGtßfa e)aHeTAnUvGnÞak; KW karebotebon vín½yrbs;RBHGriy³ . sIl KW sikçabT 5 rbs;RBHmataRBHbrmeBaFistV cat;CasIlEdl bribUN’ eRBaHRBH)alIfa { tamRbRktIRBHmatarbs;RBHeBaFistV CaGñk mansIl } sIlrbs;RBHmataénRBHeBaFistVenaH CalMdab;x<g;x<s;min


107 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

esAhµg sUm,IRtwmEtekItkarKiteLIgcMeBaHRBHbitarbs;RBHeBaFistV eTIb elakeBalfa { FmµtasIl } . Baküfa Tak;TgedaykamKuN mann½yfa cUleTARbkbRBmehIy nUvesckþIrIkray KW R)afñaehIyedayesckþIrIkraykñúgkam nig kñúgcMENk énkamTaMgLay . Baküfa FmµtasIl KW sIlEdlmanehIytamFmµta KW tamniyaménehtu . BitehIy sIlénmatarbs;RBHeBaFistVCaFmµCati dl;nUvkardusxat;y:agRbesIrtamsPav³Etmü:ag edayetC³énsIl eday GanuPaBénKuNrbs;RBHmhaeBaFistV EdlbMeBjsIl)armI [dl;fñak; x<g;x<s;bMputenAkñúgRBHKP’ . eday GaTi s½BÞfa mhaksS)aTInM elak GacarürEmgrYbrYmykbuKÁlTaMgLaymannag PTÞa CaedImTukpgEdr . )anB¤fa nagTaMgLayenaHÉgCaGñkmansIlbrisuT§l¥Etmü:ag Gs; kalyUrmkehIy eRBaHdUecñH eTIbelakeBalfa { rbs;stVEdlbrisuT§ TaMgLay } . Baküfa kñúgCatienaH ² mann½yfa kñúgCati manCatiEdlCaRBHsIl vraCa nig mhigSraCaCaedIm . eQµaHfa buBVehtuksIl eRBaHGtßfa man ehtu[seRmcmkBImun KW kñúgCatimun . k¾sIlmanbktisIlCaedImenH evorcakkarsmaTan k¾manlkçN³ minelµIs Kb,IeXIjfa elakse®gÁaHcUlkñúgsm,tþvírti . sm<n§esckþIfa yM PKvta ÉvM vutþM sIlM ¬ sIlNaEdlRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas;Tuky:agenH ¦ . bTfa \F CaBaküsEmþgdl;sasnaEdlCaTI GaRs½yrbs;buKÁlGñkbMeBjsIlEdlkMBugeBaldl; nigbdiesFnUvesckþI Cay:agenaHénsasnadéT .


108 mhadÍka RbePTrbs;sIl

smdUcEdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa \eFv Pikçev smeNa .eb. suBaØa brb,vaTa smeNhi GeBaØhi . mñalPikçúTaMgLaysmN³TI 1 man EtkñúgRBHsasnaenHb:ueNÑaH smN³TI 2 nigsmN³TI 3 smN³TI 4 manEtkñúgRBHsasnaenHb:ueNÑaH lT§isasnadéT sUnüTeTcaksmN³ GñkdwgTUeTA . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦

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109 vísuT§imKÁ )atiemakçsMvrsIl

ctuk³ TI 4

Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgctuk³TI 4 dUcteTA ³

)atiemakçsMvrsIl sIlNaEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;Tukfa PikçúkñúgsasnaenH CaGñk sRgÜmeday)atiemakçsMvrCanic© dl;RBmedayGacar³nigeKacr manRbRktI eXIjP½ykñúgeTassUm,IbnþicbnþÜc smaTan sikSaenAkñúgsikçabTTaMgLay dUecñHsIlenaH eQµaHfa )atiemakçsMvrsIl .

mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl Baküfa Pikçú CaBaküsEmþgdl;buKÁlGñkbMeBjsIlenaH . Baküfa GñksRgÜmeday)atiemakçsMvr enHCaBaküsEmþgfa Pikçú enaHtaMgenAkñúg)atiemakçsMvrsIl . Baküfa Canic© enH CaBaküsEmþgfa PikçúenaHmankarRBmeRBógedaykarenAsmKYrdl;sIlenaH . bTfa dl; RBmedayGacar nig eKacr enHCaBakü sEmþgdl;Fm’EdlCa]bkar cMeBaH)atiemakçsMvrsIl nig KuNEdlKb,IseRmcx<s;² eLIgeTA . Bakü fa manRbRktIeXIjP½ykñúgeTassUm,ItictYc enHCaBaküsEmþgfa min Xøatcak)atiemakçsMvrsIl . Baküfa smaTan CaBaküsEmþgdl;kar kan;yksikçabTTaMgLayedayminmancMENksl; . Baküfa sikSa Ca BaküsEmþgdl;PaBCaGñkmankarRBmeRBógkñúgsikçabT .


110 vísuT§imKÁ )atiemakçsMvrsIl

Baküfa kñúgsikçabTTaMgLay CaBaküsEmþgdl;Fm’EdlKb,IsikSa . BaküNaEdlKYreBalkñúgGFikarenH BaküenaHnwgmanc,as;xagmux . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦

GFib,ayGtßénbTepSg ² ¬ teTA ¦enHCaBaküvínicä½yedayBN’naesckþI énbTtamlMdab; cab;BI xagedIménsIlTaMgLayenaH ³ bTfa \F KW kñúgsasnaenH . bTfa Pikçú )andl; kulbutþEdlbYsedaysT§a/ Edl)anevahar ¬Bakü ehA ¦ y:agenaH eRBaHPav³ KWkareXIjP½ykñúgsgSar b¤ n½ymü:ageTot eRBaHCaGñkeRbIsMBt;EdlEhkdac;ehIy CabnÞHCaedIm . kñúgbTfa sRgÜmeday)atiemakçsMvrenH manesckþIfa Baküfa )atiemakç sMedAyksIlEdlCasikçabT eRBaHfa GñkNacaMrvaMgemIl KW rkSasIlenaH sIlenaH rEmgjúaMgbuKÁlenaH[rYcput KW [putcakTukç TaMgLay manTukçkñúgG)ayCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaHeTIbelak ehAfa )atiemakç . karbiT)aMg eQµaHfa sMvr / Baküfa sMvr enHCaeQµaHén karminelµIs pøÚvkay nig pøÚvvaca / sMvr KW )atiemakç eQµaHfa )atiemakçsMvr Pikçú sRgÜmehIy KW cUldl; RbkbRBmehIyedaysMvr KW )atiemakç enaH eQµaHfa GñksRgÜmeday )atiemakçsMvr .


111 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

bTfa víhrti KW pøas;bþÚr\riyabfCanic© .

mhadÍka BN’na)atiemakçsMvrsIl bTfa tRt mann½yesµInwg etsu eyaK )atiemakçsMvraTIsu ERbfa kñúgbNþa)atiemakçsMvrsIlTaMgLayenaH . Baküfa GaTieta bdæay man n½yfa cab;taMgBIedIméneTsnaEdlmkehIy edayBaküfa { \F Pikçú } dUecñH . bTfa vínicäykfa mann½yfa kfaEdlnaMmknUvkarvínicä½yedIm,I km©at;nUvesckþIsgS½ykñúgsIlTaMgLayenaH . elakGacarü kalnwg sEmþgbriyayEdlCaEpñkmYyrbs;bBVCít EdlminTUeTA eRBaHesckþIxag edImTUeTAcMeBaHbuKÁlRKb;CMBUk eTIbeBalfa { PinñbdæraTitay va } b¤ n½ymü:ageTot eRBaHCaGñkeRbIsMBt;EdlEhkdac;ehIyCaedImdUecñH . nig edayRbkardUecñH rEmgsEmþgfa PikñúenaH CaGñkKYrdl;)atiemakçsMvrEdl bribUN’ehIy . FmµtaPav³énGñkRTRTg;sMBt;EdlEhkdac;ehIyCaedIm rEmgmancMeBaHmnusSGtþxat;EdlminmanpøÚveTAdUecñaH edIm,Inwg[epSgBI mnusSGtþxat;enaH eTIbeBalfa { GñkbYsedaysT§a } dUecñHehIy eTIb eBalfa { kulbutþ } edIm,IsEmþgPav³énPaBCaGñkRbkbkarbdibtþi . Bit ehIy kulbutþEdlmanGacar b¤ kulbutþBIkMeNIt k¾Gacbdibtþi)an . Bakü fa sIl KW sikçabT )andl; sIlEdlRTg;bBaØtþTukedayGMNacsikçabT EdlepSgedaycaritsIl nig varitsIl . bTfa eya CaBaküsEmþgmin c,as;las; KW buKÁlNamYy . bTfa nM eyaK vínybriyabnñM sIlM


112 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

ERbfa )andl; sIlEdlTak;Tgkñúgvín½yenaH . bTfa tM eyaK buKÁlM ERbfa buKÁlenaH . rEmgeFVIbuKÁlenaH[rYc put eRBaHPaBCaehtuénkarrYbrYmKña . PBTaMgLaykñúgG)ay ehtuenaH eQµaH fa G)ayikani ¬ PBkñúgG)ay ¦ . eday GaTi sB½Þ elakrYmTaMgTukçkñúgsgSarTaMgGs; eRkABIPBkñúg G)ayenaH . karbiTkayTVarnigvcITVar eQµaHfa karsRgÜm . TVarTaMgLay enaHrEmgXaMgehIy biTehIyedaykarbiTNakarbiTenaHeQµaHfa sMvr. eRBaHsMvrenaH KW karminQanknøgGabtþiTaMg 7 kg eRBaHeFVIGFib,ay fa Cabdibkçdl;karQanknøg dUecñaHeTIbelakeBalfa { Baküfa sMvr

enHCaeQµaHénkarminQanknøg ¬ Gabtþi ¦ EdlekIttampøÚvkay nig vaca } . Baküfa sRgÜmehIyedaysMvr KW )atiemakç mann½yfa mankay TVar nig vcITVarbiTehIyeday)atiemakçsMvrsIl . eRBaHbuKÁly:agenaH rEmgeQµaHfa cUldl;ehIynUv)atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH nigeQµaHfa man karRBmeRBógeday)atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH ehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa GFib,ayfa { cUldl;ehIy RbkbehIy } dUecñH . n½ymü:ageTot bufuC¢neQµaHfa )atI ¬ GñkmankarFøak;eTACaRbRktI ¦ eRBaHGtßfa manRbRktIFøak;eTAkñúgG)ayTaMgLayeRcInRKa eRBaHkiels TaMgLaymankmøaMg 1 / eRBaHkareFVI)ab)angay 1 / eRBaHkareFVIbuNü eFVI)anedaykRm 1 . b¤ eQµaHfa )atI ¬ GñkmankarFøak;cuHeTACaRbRktI ¦ eRBaHGtßfa CaGñkEdlkmøaMgénkmµbnSat;eTAehIykñúgPBCaedIm eRBaHkar mineTog manRbRktIeTA eRBaHvíleTACMuvíj mintaMgmaM dUcCaeRKÓgynþ


113 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

sRmab;sUnqñaMg / n½ymü:ageTot snþanénstV b¤ citþenaHÉg eQµaHfa )atI ¬GñkeFVI[Føak;cuHeTACaRbRktI¦ eRBaHGtßfa manRbRktIjúaMgGtþPaB[ Føak;eTAkñúgstþnikayenaH ² tamGMNacénkarsøab; . eQµaHfa )atiemakç eRBaHGtßfa júaMg)atIenaH[putcakBIsgSarTukç . stV elakehAfa {vímuetþa} ¬GñkrYcput¦ eRBaHGtßfa rYcputéncitþ . smBitdUcRTg;Rtas;Tuk fa { citþevaTana vísuCÄnþi } ¬ stVTaMgLayrEmgbrisuT§ eRBaHkarpUrpg; éncitþ ¦ nigfa { Gnu)aTay Gasevhi citþM vímutþM } citþrYcputcakGasv³ TaMgLay eRBaHminRbkan;maMdUecñH. mü:ageTot eQµaHfa )atI ¬GñkFøak;eTA¦ eRBaHGtßfa Føak;eTA KWRbRBwtþeTAkñúgsgSar eRBaHehtu manGvíC¢aCaedIm. smdUcRTg;Rtas;Tukfa {stVmaneRKÓgraMg KW GvíC¢a mansMeyaCn³ KW tNða sÞúHeTACanic© vílvl;Canic©} dUecñH . sIl eQµaHfa )atiemakç eRBaHGtßfa Caehtu[stVeQµaHfa )atI enaHputcaksgáíelsTaMg 3 man tNðaCaedIm . Kb,IRCabfa Baküfa )atiemakç enaH seRmcedaykarsmas dUc s½BÞTaMgLay mans½BÞfa { keNækaeLa } CaedIm . mü:ageTot citþ eQµaHfa )atI eRBaHGtßfa eFVI[Føak;eTA KW [Føak; vínaseTAkñúgTukç . smBitdUcEdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa { cietþn nIyti elaeka cietþn brikisSti } elak EdlcitþrEmgnaMeTA citþrEmgRcan eTA . sIl eQµaHfa )atiemakç eRBaHGtßfa Caehtu[ citþ eQµaHfa )atI enaHputeTA . mü:ageTot sgáíels mantNðaCaedIm eQµaHfa )atI eRBaHGtßfa Ca


114 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

ehtu[Føak;eTAkñúgG)ayTukç nig sgSarTukç . smdUcEdlRTg;Rtas;fa {tNða Centi burisM ¬ tNðarEmgjúaMgburs[ekIt ¦ nigfa tNðaTutieya buriesa ¬bursmantNðaCamitþKRmb;2¦ dUecñHCaedIm . eQµaHfa )atiemakç eRBaHGtßfa putcakBI)atIenaH . mü:ageTot Gaytn³xagkñúg 6 nig xag eRkA 6 eQµaHfa )atI eRBaHGtßfa CaTIFøak;eTA . smdUcEdlRTg;Rtas; Tukfa { qsu elaeka smub,enña qsu kuBVti snßvM } elakekIteLIg RBm eRBaHGaytn³ 6 rEmgeFVIesckþIeBjcitþkñúgGaytn³ 6 .

sIl eQµaHfa )atiemakç eRBaHGtßfaputcakBI )ati eBalKW Gaytn³ xagkñúg 6 nig Gaytn³xageRkA 6 enaH . mü:ageTot sgSar eQµaHfa )atI eRBaHGtßfa GñkEdlmankarFøak;eTA KW Føak;vínaseTA . sIl eQµaH fa )atiemakç eRBaHGtßfa putcaksgSarenaH / mü:ageTot RBHmanRBHPaK CaFMkñúgFm’ EdlsBVelaka ehAfa { bti } eRBaHPaBCaGFibtIénelak TaMgBYg . eQµaHfa emakç eRBaHGtßfa CaehturYcput / sIl eQµaHfa )atiemakç eRBaHGtßfa CaeRKÓgrYcput / cMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaK eQµaHfa bti eRBaH )ati enaH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;bBaØtþehIy / )atiemaekça enaHÉgCa )atiemakçM . mü:ageTot sIl Ca bti eRBaHGtßfa x<g;x<s;edayPaBCa b£sKl;énsBVKuNTaMgLayenaHpg Ca emakç eRBaHGtßtamEdleBal ehIypg ehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa btiemakç / btiemakç enaHÉgCa )atiemakç . BitdUcEdlelakeBalTukfa { )atiemakçnþi muxemtM bmuxemtM } mann½yfa )atiemakçenH esckþIfa sIlCamux sIlenHCa


115 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

Rbmux dUecñHKb,IGFib,ayteTA>>> . mü:ageTot s½BÞfa b Cani)ateRbIcuHkñúgGtßfa bkar / s½BÞfa Gti Ca ni)atcuHkñúgGtßfa Gc©nþ ¬ PaBelµIs ¦ eRBaHdUecñaH sIlNa eQµaHfa )atiemakç júaMgstV[rYcputGMBIPaBelµIs ehtuenaH sIlenaH eQµaHfa )atiemakç . sIlenH xøÜnÉg rEmgjúaMgstV[rYcput KW eFVI[RsalesþIg eday GMNactTgÁb,hanpg / EdlRbkbedaysmaFi nig RbkbedaybBaØa rEmgjúaMgstV[rYcput KW eFVI[RsalesþIgedayGMNacvíkçmÖnb,han nig edaysmuecäTb,han eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbsIlenaH eQµaHfa )atiemakç / mü:ageTot sIl eQµaHfa btiemakç eRBaHGtßfa CakarrYcputcMeBaH ² GFib,ayfa CakarrYcputedaycMeBaHcakeTas KW esckþIelµIsenaH ² / btiemakç enaH ÉgCa )atiemakç . mü:ageTot Baküfa emakç )andl; niBVan / sIl eQµaHfa btiemakç eRBaHGtßfa CarUbeRbóbRtg;cMeBaHniBVan EdleQµaHfa emakç enaH . EmnBit sIlsMvr Cakar]T½y KW rHeLIg énRBHniBVan dUcCakarrHeLIgénGruNrbs;dYgRBHGaTitüdUecñH eTIbdUcKña kñúgkareRbóbeFobénRBHniBVanenaH eRBaHCakarrMlt;kiels)antamsmKYr / btiemakç enaHÉgCa )atiemakç . mü:ageTot sIl eQµaHfa btiemakç eRBaHGtßfa RbRBwtþeTAcMeBaH emakç ¬ KW RBHniBVan ¦ b¤ cMeBaHGtßfa manmuxeq<aHeTArk emakç ¬ KWRBH niBVan ¦/ btiemakç enaHÉgCa )atiemakç bNÐitKb,IRCabxøwmsarén )atiemakç s½BÞ kñúgGFikarenH edayRbkardUcEdleBalmkenHcuH . Baküfa \riyti ERbfa rEmgjúaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA .


116 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

elaksEmþgkarsRmakén\riyabf ¬ \riyabfvíhar ¦ rbs;PikçúEdl taMgenAkñúgsIl KW )atiemakçsMvr edayBaküfa { víhrti } enH . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦

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117 vísuT§imKÁ )atiemakçsMvrsIl

Gacar - Gnacar xøwmsarénBaküfa { dl;RBmedayGacar nig eKacr } CaedIm Kb,I RCabtamn½yEdleBalmkehIy kñúgRBH)alIenaHÉg BitehIy RBHFmµsgÁahkacarüeBalBaküenHTukfa { Baküfa dl;RBmedayGacar nig eKacr } mannieTÞsfa Gacark¾man Gnacark¾man kñúg 2 y:agenaH Gnacar etIdUcemþc ? esckþIelµIspøÚvkay esckþIelµIspøÚvvaca esckþI elµIsTaMgpøÚvkay TaMgpøÚvvaca enHelakehAfa Gnacar PaBCaGñk RTúsþsIl sUm,ITaMgGs;k¾eQµaHfa Gnacar PikçúrUbxøHkñúgFmµvín½yenH rEmg ciBa©wmCÍvítedaykar[edImb£sSIxøH / edaykar[søwkeQIxøH edaykar[páa eQIxøH EpøeQI eRKÓggUtTwk nig eQIsÞn; edaykarbnÞabxøÜn ¬edIm,I[eK RsLaj;xøH ¦ edayniyay ¬ elgbnøMEmnxøH ¦ dUcCasENþkes¶arxøH edayeFVIxøÜn[CaGñkciBa©wmTarkxøH edaykarTTYldMNwgeKxøH b¤ eday micäaCÍv³epSg ² EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;tiHedol enHeQµaHfa Gnacar . minelµIspøÚvvaca karminelµIsTaMgpøÚvkay nigpøÚvvaca enHelakehAfa Gacar sIlsMvrTaMgGs;k¾eQµaHfa Gacar PikçúrUbxøHkñúgsasnaenH min ciBa©wmCÍvítedaykar[edÍmb£sSIkþI minciBa©wmCÍvítedaykar[søwkeQIkþI min ciBa©wmCÍvítedaykar[páaeQI EpøeQI eRKÓggUt nig eQIsÞn;kþI minciBa©wm CÍvítedaykarbnÞabxøÜn ¬ edIm,I[eKRsLaj; ¦ kþI minciBa©wmCÍvítedaykar niyay¬ elgbnøMEmn ¦ dUcCasENþkes¶arkþI minciBa©wmCÍvítedaykareFVIxøÜn 

elakeBalfa sENþkes¶arenaH nwg mansENþkEdlminq¥in / tictYcNas; Edl q¥in esµIKñay:agNa buKÁlelgbnøMEmn BaküeKBitticNas; .


118 vísuT§imKÁ )atiemakçsMvrsIl

CaGñkciBa©wmTarkkþI minciBa©wmCÍvítedaykarTTYldMNwg[eKkþI minciBa©wm CÍvítedaymicäaCÍv³epSg ² EdlRBHBuT§Cam©as;RTg;tiHedol enHehAfa Gacar .

eKacr - GeKacr Baküfa eKacr mannieTÞsfa eKacrk¾man GeKacrk¾man kñúg 2 y:ag enaH / GeKacrdUcemþc ? PikçúrUbxøHkñúgsasnaenH CaGñkmanRsIeBsüaCa eKacr b¤ RsIemm:ay RsIesAEk exÞIy PikçúnI nig etomsuraCaeKacr CaGñk sñiT§sñalCamYynwgRBHraCa CamYyGmatü CamYynwgtirßiy edaykar sMeNHsMNalCamYyRKhsß rebobminsmKYr b¤fa rEmgesB rEmgKb; rk rEmgcUleTAGgÁúyCítnUvRtkUlTaMgLayEdlminmansT§a minRCHføa EdlbenÞasfasMu EdlR)afña[vtßúminEmnCaRbeyaCn_ vtßúEdlminTMnuk bRmúg R)afñaesckþIminCasux R)afñaesckþIminekSmcakeyaK³ ¬ [ ¦dl; BYkPikçú PikçúnI ])ask ])asika enHehAfa GeKacr . kñúg 2 y:agenaH eKacrdUcemþc ? PikçúrUbxøHkñúgsasnaenH CaGñkmin manRsIeBsüaCaeKacr .l. minCaGñkmanetomsuraCaeKacr minsñiT§ sñalCamYyRBHraCa . l . CamYysav½krbs;BYktirßiy edaykarsMeNH sMNalCamYyRKhsßEdlminsmKYr b¤fa rEmgesB rEmgKb;rk rEmg cUleTAGgÁúyCítRtkUlTaMgLay EdlmansT§aRCHføa ¬dUc ¦CaGNþÚgTwk rugerOgedaysMBt;kasavB®sþ mankøin\sIecjcUl R)afñaRbeyaCn_[ .l. R)afñaFm’ekSmcakeyaK³ .l. dl;BYkPikçú PikçúnI ])ask ])asika enHehAfa eKacr / PikçúEdlcUleTArhUtdl; CaGñkcUlmkrhUtdl; Ca GñkbdibtþirhUtdl; CaGñkRbkbRBmedayGacarenHpg edayeKacrenHpg


119 vísuT§imKÁ )atiemakçsMvrsIl

edayn½yEdleBalmkehIy eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa GacareKacrsm,enña Gñkdl;RBmedayGacar nig eKacr .

Gnacar 2 y:ag

kñúgesckþIenH bNÐitKb,IRCab Gacar nig eKacr dUcteTA ³ n½ymü:ageTot Gnacarman 2 y:ag KW GnacarpøÚvkay 1 GnacarpøÚv vaca 1 kñúg 2 y:agenaH / Gnacar pøÚvkaydUcemþc ? PikçúrUbxøHkñúg RBHsasnaenH sUm,IenAkñúgCMnMusgÇ k¾mineFVIkarekatERkg QrEGbxag GgÁúyEGbxagcMeBaHPikçúTaMgLayCaefr³ Qrmux ¬elak¦ xøH GgÁúymux ¬elak¦xøH GgÁúyGasn³x<s;¬Cagelak¦xøH GgÁúyRkesabsIs³xøH Qr niyayxøH elIkédxVat;ExVgniyayxøH kalPikçúCaefr³minBak;Es,keCÍg c®gám xøÜnBak;Es,keCÍgc®gámxøH kalelakc®gámkñúgTIc®gámTab xøÜn c®gámkñúgTIc®gámx<s;xøH kalelakc®gámenAelIdI xøÜnc®gámenAelITIc®gám xøH QreRCótxøH GgÁúyeRCótxøH cMeBaHPikçúCaefr³ hamPikçúfµÍedayGasn³ xøH minTan;suM»kasPikçúCaefr³pg sUm,IenAkñúgeragePøIgk¾CBa¢Ún]sdut eTA biTTVar sUm,IenAkMBg;TwkedIrecosRBHefr³cuHeTAxøH cuHmunxøH gUtTwk eRCótxøH gUtTwkmunxøH eRCóteLIgxøH eLIgmunxøH sUm,IcUleTAkan;lEgVk pÞH k¾edIreRCótPikçúCaefr³eTAxøH eTAmunelakxøH eRkakeLIgmunRBHefr³ eTAxøH / mü:ageTot bnÞb;eronrbs;RtkUlTaMgLay EdlCabnÞb;sm¶at; nig eKbiTTukCakEnøgkul®sþI kulkumarIGgÁúyRbCMuKña k¾sÞúHcUleTAkñúgbnÞb;enaH KWminGgÁúytamkEnøgsmKYrcMeBaHxøÜn GgÁúyxageRkay b¤ GgÁúyTab Caehtu [PikçúfµÍrk kEnøgGgÁúymin)an eRBaHkEnøgsmKYrcMeBaHxøÜnelakGgÁúyehIy eTAGgÁúymuxk¾min)an . 


120 vísuT§imKÁ )atiemakçsMvrsIl

xøH sÞabGEg¥lsIs³ekµgRbúsxøH enHehAfa GnacarpøÚvkay . kñúg 2 y:agenaH GnacarpøÚvvacaetIdUcemþc ? PikçúrUbxøHkñúgRBHsasna enH sUm,IenAkñúgCMnuMsgÇk¾mineFVIesckþIekatERkg minTan;)ansMu»kasBI RBHefr³pg k¾eBalFm’eTA eqøIybBaðaeTA sURt)atiemakçeTA QrniyayxøH elIkédxVat;ExVgniyayxøH sUm,IcUleTAkan;lEgVkpÞH eBalnwg®sþI b¤ ekµg RsIy:agenHfa { En GñkmaneQµaHy:agenH maneKaRty:agenH bbrmin Tan;Gs;eTb¤ ? )ayminTan;Gs;eTb¤ ? rbs;TMBaminTan;Gs;eTb¤ ? } niyayeRcInfa { GatµanwgpåkGVI nwgTMBaGVI nwgqan;GVI } b¤fa {GñkTaMgLay nwg[GVIdl;Gatµa } dUecñH enHehAfa GnacarpøÚvvaca cMENk Gacar Kb,IRCabedayn½ypÞúyKñacMeBaHGnacarenaHcuH . n½ymü:ageTot PikçúEdlmankareKarB mankarekatERkg dl;RBmeday hiri»tþb,³ RKgerobry XøMúerobry mankiriyaQaneTA fyeRkay RkeLk emIl gakemIl bt;édcUl latédecj KYrRCHføa ckçúsMyugcuH dl;RBm eday\riyabf rkSaTVarkñúg\®nÞIy_TaMgLay dwgRbmaNkñúgePaCn Rbkb erOy ² nUvCaKriyFm’ Rbkbedaystism,CBaس R)afñatic senþas min sñiT§sñaledayBYkKN³ R)arB§esckþIBüayam eFVIedayeKarBkñúgGPismacariksikçabTTaMgLay eRcIneTAedayesckþIeKarB nig ekatERkg Canic© PaBCaGñkmanesckþIeKarBCaGaT×enH ehAfa Gacar Kb,IRCab Gacar dUecñHÉg .


121 vísuT§imKÁ )atiemakçsMvrsIl

eKacr 3 ]bnisSyeKacr eKacrman 3 y:agKW ]bnisSyeKacr GarkçeKacr ]bniBn§eKacr bNþaeKacr 3 y:agenaH ]bnisSyeKacrdUcemþc ? klüaNmitþEdlRbkbedayKuNCakfavtßú 10 EdlCakEnøgbuKÁl)an GaRs½yehIy rEmg)ansþab;vtßúEdlminFøab;)ansþab; eFVIvtßúEdlFøab;)an sþab;ehIy[kan;EtCak;c,as;eLIg qøgnUvesckþIsgS½y)an eFVIkaryl;[ Rtg; eFVIcitþKMnit[pUrpg;)an b¤fa buKÁlsikSatamklüaNmitþNaehIy rEmgceRmInedaysT§a rEmgceRmInedaysIl sut³ caK³ bBaØa klüaN mitþenaH ehAfa ]bnisSyeKacr .

GarkçeKacr GarkçeKacrdUcemþc ? PikçúkñúgsasnaenH cUleTAkan;lEgVkpÞH edIreTA tamfñl; manckçúsMyugcuH smøwgemIlmYyCYrnwm sRgÜmehIy minRkeLk emIlBldMrI minRkeLkemIlBlesH minRkeLkemIlBlrf minRkeLk emIlBlefµÍreCÍg minRkeLkemIl®sþI minemIlburs minegÍymuxemIl min »nxøÜnemIl minEbremIleLHeLaHedIreTA enHehAfa GarkçeKacr .

]bniBn§eKacr ]bniBn§eKacrdUcemþc ? ]bniBn§eKacr )andl; stib,dæan 4 EdlCa TInaMcitþcUleTAcgTuk smdUcPasitRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;Tukfa { mñalPikçú TaMgLay GVICaeKacrrbs;Pikçú ? } Fm’Cavís½yénbitarbs;xøÜn Fm’enHKWGVI KW


122 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

stib,dæan 4 enHehAfa ]bniBn§eKacr . PikçúCaGñkcUldl; CaGñkRbkbRBmedayGacarenHpg edayeKacrenH pg dUcEdleBalehIy sUm,IeRBaHehtuenaH eTIbehAfa { GacareKacrsm,enña } ¬ Gñkdl;RBmehIyedayGacar nig eKacr ¦ . esckþIfa { manRbRktIeXIjP½ykñúgeTassUm,ItictYc } mann½yfa CaGñkmanRbRktIeXIjP½ykñúgeTasTaMgLay sUm,ImanRbmaNtUc Edl epSgedayeTasCaedImfa eskçiyvtþEdlmintaMgcitþknøg nig citþúb,aT EdlCaGkusl . Baküfa { rEmgsmaTansikSaenAkñúgsikçabT TaMgLay } mann½yfa sIly:agNamYyEdlRtÚvsikSaenAkñúgsikçabT TaMgLay KW kan;sIlTaMgBYgenaHedayl¥ sikSaCanic© kñúgGFikarén )atiemakçsMvrsIlenH Kb,IRCabfa )atiemakçsMvrsIl RBHmanRBHPaK RTg;sEmþgedaybuKÁlaFidæan eTsnaedaybTfa )atiemakçsMvrsMvueta RtwmEtmYybTenH cMENkBaküfa GacareKacrsm,enña CaedIm RBHman RBHPaKRtas;edIm,IRTg;sEmþgx>bdibtþi EdlCapøÚvdl;RBménsIlTaMgGs; enaH cMeBaHGñkbdibtþi .

mhadÍka Gacar - Gnacar

Baküfa kñúgRBH)alI KW kñúgRBH)alIQanvíPgÁ . kñúgRBH)alIelak eBalTukfa {GacareKacrsm,enña} dUecñH k¾edIm,IsEmþgGacarsmN³ nig eKacrrbs;smN³ BitEmn EtsUm,Iy:agenaH dUcCabuKÁlkalnwg


123 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

R)ab;pøÚvEdlKYrkan;yk EtgR)ab;pøÚvKYrevorcakmun ehIyeTIbR)ab;pøÚvKYr kan;ykCaeRkayfa {GñkcUrlHpøÚvxageqVgecj cUrkan;ykpøÚvxagsþaMcuH} dUecñHy:agNa b¤fa buKÁlEdl)anCRmHmnÞil KW ejIs b¤ rbs;mins¥at edaykargUtTwkCRmHragkay RBmTaMgsIs³ehIy eTIbsmKYrerobcMEtg xøÜnedaypáaeQI eRKÓgRkGUbnigeRKÓglabCaedImy:agNa/ buKÁlEdllH bg;)abFm’ehIy eTIbsmKYrRbkbedayklüaNFm’ k¾dUecñaHEdr eRBaH ehtuenaH kalEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;elIkFm’ 2 Rbkar eLIgsEmþgfa { GacarmanehIy GnacarmanehIy } dUecñHehIy RTg;manbMNgnwg EckGnacarmun eTIbRtas;fa { kñúgGacar nig Gnacar } enaH Gnacar etI dUcemþc ? dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa esckþIelµIspøÚvkay )andl; kayTuc©rit 3 y:ag . Baküfa esckþIelµIspøÚvvaca )andl; vcITuc©rit 4 y:ag . Baküfa esckþIelµIsTaMgpøÚvkay nig pøÚvvaca )andl; Tuc©rit TaMg 2 / TaMgpøÚvkay nig pøÚvvacaenaH . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;)ansEmþg karRTúsþsIlEdlmanGaCÍv³CaTI 8 edayRbkardUecñHehIy . \LÚvenHedIm,IRTg;sEmþgGnacarpøÚvcitþ eTIb eBalfa { PaBCaGñkRTúsþsIlTaMgGs; eQµaHfa Gnacar } kalEdlRTg; sEmþgGnacarCacMENkepSg² kñúgbNþaGnacarTaMgLayenaH eTIbRtas; BakümanCaGaT×fa { PikçúrUbxøH kñúgRBHsasnaenH seRmckarciBa©wm CÍvítedaykar[edÍmb£sSI } dUecñH . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa edaykar[edÍmb£sSI mann½yfa [edImb£sSIedIm,IRtÚvkar)anbc©½y . sUm,IkñúgBakümanBaküfa [søwkeQICaedI CaedIm k¾mann½ydUcKña .


124 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

Baküfa edÍmb£sSI )andl; tYedImb£sSIy:agNamYy naMmkedIm,ICa RbeyaCn_dl;mnusSTaMgLay . søwkeQI )andl; søwkeQIsRmab;rMu[ RkGUbnUvrbs;EdlmankøinRkGUbCaedIm b¤ søwketñat nig søwkdUgCaedIm . páaeQI )andl; páaeQIEdleRbIedIm,ICaRbeyaCn_dl;mnusSTaMgLay y:agNamYy . EpøeQI k¾dUcKña . eRKÓgsRmab;gUt )andl; eRKÓglm¥it sRmab;gUt manlm¥itedImsMbYrCaedIm . sUm,IdIs¥it k¾se®gÁaHcUlkñúg eRKÓggUtenH)anpgEdr . eQIsÞn; CaeQIduseFµjEdleRbICRmHmat; RbePTNamYy . PaBCabuKÁlpÁab;pÁún KW dak;xøÜnTukkñúgzan³TabdUcCa Tas³ ehIyTTYlBaküxusrbs;GñkdéT eBalBaküsresIredIm,I[eK RsLaj; . Baküfa PaBCaGñkmansmþIdUcCastVesk mann½yfa PaB CaGñkeFVIdUcsENþkes¶ar KW EsVgrkkarciBa©wmCÍvítedayBaküBit nig Bakü qe)ak . dUcCa kales¶arsENþkq¥inehIy sENþkCaeRcInrlYy minrlYyman tictYcy:agNa / kñúgkarciBa©wmCÍvítEdlTak;Tgeday BaküsmþIBit nig Baküqe)ak k¾dUcKña EdlminBiteRcIn ² EdlBittictYc . eQµaHfa briPtþi eRBaHGtßfa GñkciBa©wm KW GñkemIlciBa©wmTarkrbs;mnusSdéT eQµaHfa )ariPtüM / )ariPtüM enaHÉgCa )ariPtüta / BaküenHCaeQµaHénkaremIl ciBa©wmTarkrbs;RtkUl edaykic©mankarEtgxøÜn[CaedIm . karnaMdMNwg nig sartbeTAkñúgRsúkdéT tMbn;déTCaedIm rbs; RKhsßenaH ² eQµaHfa CgÇebsnikM ¬ karbBa¢ÚnsaredaysµgedIreTA éRbsNIy_ ¦ . bTfa edaymicäaCÍv³y:agdéT ² mann½yfa eday micäaCÍv³ KW edaykarrkciBa©wmCÍvíty:agNamYy bNþakarrksIu mankar[


125 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

edImb£sSICaedImTaMgLayenH b¤ bNþakarrksuICaeBTü CanayXøaMg kar bþÚrpøas;rbs;rbr nigkarcat;rkR)ak;cMNUlcMeBaHsgÇ nig R)ak;cMNUl cMeBaHectiyCaedIm . Baküfa EdlRBHBuT§Cam©as;RTg;tiHedol mann½yfa elakGñkR)aCJ TaMgLaytiHedolehIy KW RTg;hamehIy . Baküfa edaymicäaCÍv³ KW minEmnCasmµaGaCÍv³ . Baküfa enHehAfa Gnacar mann½yfa TaMgGs; enHelakfa { CaGnacar } . GacarnieTÞs Kb,IRCabedayn½ypÞúyKña dUcEdleBalehIy . sUm,IkñúgeKacrnieTÞs Kb,IRCabehtukñúgkareBalGeKacrmun tamn½y EdlnwgeBalkñúgeBleRkayenaHÉg . Baküfa eKacr )andl; sßanTI EdlKYrcUleTAedIm,IbiNÐ)atCaedIm . sßanTIEdlminsmKYr ¬ cUleTA edIm,IbiNÐ)atCaedIm ¦ eQµaHfa GeKacr . ®sþIeBsüaCaeKacrrbs; PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eQµaHfa man®sþIeBsüaCaeKacr / GFib,ayfa sßanTIEdlPikçú Kb,IcUleTAedayGMNacmitþCítsñíT§ . EdleQµaHfa ®sþI eBsüa )andl; BYkRsIEdlGaRs½yrUbciBa©wmCÍvít BYkRsIeBsüaTaMgLay enaHEdlPikçúminKb,IcUleTArkedayGMNacmitþCítsñíT§nwgKña eRBaHnwgeFVI esckþIGnþraydl;PaBCasmN³ sUm,IGñkmancitþbrisuT§ k¾Caehtu[ tiHedol)an / eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgkarTak;TgCamYynwgkarfVayTan Pikçú RtÚvtaMgstiCamunehIy eTIbKYrcUleTA . ®sþIEdlbþIsøab; b¤ ®sþIEdlElgbþI ehAfa ®sþIemm:ay . Baküfa ®sþIesAEk )andl; ®sþIRkmMuEdlmin)anerobkar enArhUtdl;cas; . Baküfa bNÐk )andl; exÞIy . BYkexÞIyTaMgLayenaH mankielsRkas;


126 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

mankarekþARkhay ¬ Canic© ¦ mins¶b; eRcIneTAedaykarCECkKñaEdl GaRs½yelakamis eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúminKb,IcUleTACít . EdleQµaHfa PikçúnI )andl; ®sþIEdlRbRBwtþRBhµcarülMdab;x<s; . sUm,I Pikçúk¾dUcKña . GnþrayénRBhµcarü Kb,Iman)ankñúgeBlminyUrbu:eNÑaH eRBaHEtkarcUl eTArkKña edaykarFøab;sÁal;Kña eRBaHPikçú nig PikçúnITaMgenaH CavísPaKvtßú énKña nig Kña / dUecñH eTIbminKYrcUleTArkKña . kñúgeBlcUleTArkKña Tak;TgGMBIkarsYrCMgÅCaedIm k¾KYreFVIstiTuk . bTfa )anaKarM )andl; eragsura ¬ etomsRmab;påkRsa ¦ . eragsuraenaH minTeTcakGñkelgsura . PikçúminKYrcUleTAkñúgeragsuraenaH edayGMNacPaBCaGñkelgCaedIm CamYyGñkelgsuraTaMgLayenaH eRBaHeFVIGnþraydl; RBhµcarü)an . kñúgBaküCaedImfa CaGñksñiT§sñalCamYyRBHraCa mann½yfa Edl eQµaHfa RBHraCa KWCaGñkEdlRKb;RKgraCsm,tþiu . eQµaHfa mhaGmatü énRBHraCa KW CaGñkEdlRbkbedayKuNvas;eday\sSriyys dUcCa \sSriyysrbs;RBHraCa . Baküfa BYktirßiy KW BYkGñkbYseRkARBHBuT§sasnaEdlmankareXIj víbrit . Baküfa BYksav½ktirßiy KW GñkEdlesBKb;eBjTMhwg CaGñk[ bc©½yBYktirßiyTaMgLayenaH . Baküfa edayPaBsñiT§sñalminsmKYr KW GñksñiT§sñalenAedayPaBEdlminsmKYrKW CasRtÚvdl;sikçaTaMg3 EdlCa ehtunaM[Gnþraydl;RBhµcarü b¤esckþIvínasdl;Fm’CaeRKÓgdusxat; . \LÚvenH kalnwgsEmþgeKacredaybriyaydéTeTot eTIbelakeBal BaküCaedImfa { yani va bn tani } dUecñH . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa minmansT§a mann½yfa evorcak


127 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

sT§akñúgRBHBuT§Cam©as;CaedIm . eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbeQµaHfa min RCHføa / mü:ageTot eRBaHmineCOkmµ nig plrbs;kmµ eTIbeQµaHfa Gñk minmansT§a . eRBaHminmanesckþIRCHføakñúgRBHrtnRt½y eTIbeQµaHfa GñkminRCHføa . Baküfa GñkcUlcitþeCr cUlcitþbriPas mann½yfa GñkeCreday Gekáasvtßú nig KMramkMEhgedaykarsEmþg[P½y . eQµaHfa GñkR)afñaesckþIvínas eRBaHGtßfa minR)afñaRbeyaCn_ R)afñaEtesckþIvínasEtbu:eNÑaH . eQµaHfa GñkR)afña karminTMnukbRmúg eRBaHGtßfa minR)afñakarTMnukbRmúg R)afñakarminTMnukbRmúgEtmü:ag . eQµaHfa GñkR)afñaesckþIminCasux eRBaHGtßfa minR)afñaesckþICasux R)afñaEtesckþITukçEtmü:ag . eQµaHfa GñkR)afñaPaBminekSmcakeyaK³ eRBaHGtßfa minR)afña PaBekSmcakeyaK³ KW karminmanP½y R)afñaEtPaBminekSmcakeyaK³ Etmü:ag . kñúgBaküfa dl;PikçúTaMgLay enHrYmykTaMgsameNrpg . kñúgBaküfa dl;PikçúnITaMgLay enHrYmykTaMgsikçmana nig sameNrI pg . BaküenH sEmþgdl;PaBCaGñkR)afñaesckþIvínassRmab;Gñkkan; sasnaRKb;CMBUk . Baküfa RtkUlEbbenaH KW RtkUlmanxtþiþyRtkUl CaedImdUecñH . Baküfa rEmgesB KWfa GaRs½yciBa©wmCÍvít . Baküfa rEmgKb;rk KW cUleTArk . Baküfa rEmgcUleTAGgÁúyCít KW cUleTArk erOy ² . Baküfa enHehAfa mann½yfa enHKW®sþIeBsüaCaedIm 1 / RBH raCaCaedIm 1 / RtkUlEdlminmansT§aCaedIm 1 . eQµaHfa GeKacr


128 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

eRBaHGtßfa CaeKacrEdlminsmKYrTaMg 3 Rbkar sRmab;PikçúEdlesBnUv eKacrenaH ² . kñúgbNþaGeKacrTaMgLayenH ®sþIeBsüaCaedIm eQµaHfa GeKacr eRBaHCaTIGaRs½yénkamKuN 5 . dUcEdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa { mñalPikçú TaMgLayGVICaGeKacr Cavís½ydéTrbs;Pikçú enaHKW kamKuN 5 } dUecñH . RBHraCaCaedImCaGeKacr eRBaHminCa]bnisS½yénsmNFm’ nig eRBaHCaehtuénTidæivíbtþi eRBaHRtÚvepøkbenÞarbMEbk KW laP nigskáar³. RtkUlEdlminmansT§aCaedIm eQµaHfa GeKacr eRBaHnaMmknUvesckþI senþaséncitþCaehtu[vínassT§a . kñúgnieTÞséneKacr Kb,IRCabBakü manBaküfa { minman®sþIeBsüa kñúgeKacr } CaedIm edayGMNacBaküpÞúyKñaCamYyBaküEdl)aneBal enaH . Baküfa GNþþÚgTwk )andl; dUcsßanTIlµmnwgcuH)antamsb,ay dUc CaRsHe)akçrNIEdleKCÍkTuksRmab;PikçúsgÇ nig PikçúnIsgÇkñúgpøÚvbMEbk TaMg 4 . Baküfa rugerOgedaysMMBt;kasavB®sþ mann½yfa manBnøWEt mYydUcKña edayBnøWénsMBt;kasavB®sþEdlPikçú nig PikçúnIdNþb;enaHÉg . Baküfa manxül;én\sIpat;eTAmk mann½yfa manxül;ekItBIcIvr man xül;ekItBIsrIr³én\riyabf mankarbt;cUl niglatecjCaedIm eFVI[ekIt rbs;BYk\sI eBalKW Pikçú nig PikçúnIEdlcUleTAkan;pÞH nig ecjeTA pat; eTAmk KW bk;tic ² b¤ km©at;esckþIGaRkk;ecjeTA . \LÚvenH edIm,IsEmþgnUvGacareKacrkñúgn½yEdl)aneBalmkehIykñúg nieTÞs eTIbepþÍmBaküfa { Gbic } CaedIm . bTfa Étß mann½yesµInwg


129 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

Étsµw eyaK )atiemakçsIlnieTÞes ERbfa kñúg)atiemakçsIlnieTÞsenH. Baküfa edayn½yenH mann½yfa tamvíFIEdlkMBugeBalkñúgxN³enH . bTfa sgÇKeta ERbfa eTAkan;TIRbCMusgÇ . bTfa GcitþIkarketa ERb fa mineFVIesckþIekatERkg GFib,ayfa mineFVIesckþIeKarB . Baküfa eRCót mann½yfa eRCótedayragkay b¤ edaycIvr . Kb,IP¢ab;esckþIfa sUm,IQrenAxagmux k¾mineFVIesckþIekatERkg . Baküfa QrniyayxøH mann½yfa QrniyayenAkñúgTICít dUcCaQrniyayx<s;Cagelak . bT fa Baha víekçbeka KW RKvÍédeTAmk . bTfa Gnu)ahnanM CaqdæIvíPtþi cuHkñúg GnaTr . bTfa s])ahena ERbfa Bak;Es,keCÍg . Baküfa eRCótPikçúEdlCaefr³ mann½yfa cUleTAkan;kEnøgEdlPikçúCaefr³kMBug Qr KW cUleTACítPikçúCaefr³TaMgLayy:agekok . dak;GuscUleTAkñúg k¥mePøIg . rEmgdak;]scUleTAkñúgc®gáanePøIg . Baküfa ecos mann½y fa QanecjeTAmçagpøÚv . bnÞb;tUc CabnÞb;sm¶at; edaysPaBeKbiTTuk KW )aMgTukedayvaMgnn nig CBa¢aMgCaedIm . bTfa Gnabucäa ERbfa minCRmabla . bTfa GsS eyaK GnacarsS ¬ énGnacarenaH ¦ . Baküfa n½ymü:ageTot Pikçú CaedIm CaBakükñúgGdækfaEdlRbRBwtþ eTAehIy eRBaHTak;TgnwgkarsEmþgGacarrbs;PikçúkñúgTITaMgBYgEtmü:ag minEmnRBH)alIkñúgKm<IrnieTÞs . KruPaB b¤ kareFVI[F¶n; eQµaHfa esckþI eKarB CaehtuénKuNmansT§a sIl sut³ nig caK³ CaedIm / eQµaHfa GñkmanesckþIeKarB eRBaHGtßfa RbRBwtþeTACamYyedayesckþIeKarB nig esckþIekatERkgCaedIm kñúgKrudæaniybuKÁlTaMgLay eQµaHfa esckþIekat


130 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

ERkg )andl; karbdibtþirbs;GñkEdlmanesckþIekatERkg . eQµaHfa GñkmanesckþIekatERkg eRBaHGtßfa RbRBwtþeTACamYyesckþIekatERkg . eQµaHfa dl;RBmedayhiri nig »tþb,³ eRBaHmancitþxµas nig eRBaHman esckþIxøacERkgy:agvíess . eQµaHfa RKgerobry XøúMerobry eday GMNacéneskçiyFm’ . bTfa )asaTiekn ERbfa naMmknUvesckþIRCHføa . ÉbTenH Ca ttiyavíPtþicuHkñúg \tßmÖÚtlkçN³ . sUm,IkñúgbT 6 bT bnÞab;BIbTenH k¾ mann½ydUcKña . bTfa GPikáenþn ERbfa mankarQaneTA . bTfa \riyabfsm,enña ERbfa dl;RBmeday\riyabf . edaybTenaHelakeBalfa sUm,I\riyabfd¾essk¾KYrRCHføa . Bakü fa rkSaTVarkñúg\®nÞIy_TaMgLay mann½yfa mankarrkSacat;EcgTukl¥ ehIykñúgTVarTaMg 6 manckçúç®nÞIy_CaedIm . Baküfa dågRbmaNkñúgePaCn mann½yfa dwgRbmaNedayRbkar TaMgBYg Tak;TgedaykarEsVgrk karTTYl nig karbriePaKCaedIm nUvbc©½y TaMg 4 y:ag Edldwgfa ePaCn eRBaHCarbs;sRmab;briePaK . bTfa RbkberOy ² nUvCaKriyFm’ mann½yfa RbkbehIyerOy ² KW RbkbehIy RbkbTUeTAehIynUvCaKriyFm’ karmnsikarPavnakñúgxag edIménraRtI nigxagcugénraRtI KW RbkbehIy xVl;xVayehIykñúgCaKriyFm’ enaH . bTfa Rbkbedaystism,CBaس CaedIm CaBaküsEmþgcMeBaHGgÁén GacartamEdl)aneBalehIy . kñúgbTTaMgLayenaH Baküfa R)afñatic


131 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

KW minmanesckþIR)afña . Baküfa senþas KW rIkrayehIytamrbs;Edl man eRBaHCasenþas manyfalaPsenþasCaedIm . Baküfa eFVIeday eKarB mann½yfa manRbRktIeFVIedaykarykcitþTukdak; . Baküfa eRcIn eTAedaykareKarB nig ekatERkg mann½yfa eRcIneTAedaykareFVI esckþIeKarBkñúgKrudæaniybuKÁlTaMgLay . Baküfa enHehAfaGacar mann½yfa enH KW PaBCaGñkmanesckþIeKarBCaedImehAfa Gacar eRBaH buKÁlEdlR)afñanUvRbeyaCn_TaMgLay Kb,IRbRBwtþedayykcitþTukdak; . eKacrEdlCaTIcUleTAGaRs½yénKuNTaMgLaymansIlCaedIm eQµaH fa ]bnisSyeKacr . eKacrEdlCaeRKÓgrkSacitþ eBalKW stienaHÉg eQµaHfa GarkçeKacr . eKacrEdlCaeRKÓgcUleTAcgcitþTuk eBalKW kmµdæan eQµaHfa ]bniBn§eKacr . klüaNmitþEdlRbkbedayKuN EdlCavtßúénkfaEdlGaRs½yvívdþ³10 manPaBCaGñkR)afñaticCaedIm eQµaH fa GñkRbkbedayKuNKW kfavtßú 10 . eRBaHRbkbedaykfavtßú 10 enaHÉg buKÁleTIbeQµaHfa klüaNmitþ eRBaHGtßfa CamitþmanKuN EdlbNÐitKb,Irab;rk KW CamnusSl¥ . lkçN³rbs;klüaNmitþenaHnwg manmkxagmux . vtßúEdlminFøab;)ansþab; )andl; nvgÁstßúsasn_ mansut³nigeKyü³ CaedIm . bTfa rEmg)ansþab; mann½yfa rEmgjúaMgsutmyBaØaN[ ekIteLIg . Baküfa eFVIvtßúEdlFøab;)ansþab;ehIy[R)akdc,as; man n½yfa rEmgjúaMgsutmyBaØaNenaH ² tamEdl)ansþab;ehIy enAmin Tan;Cak;c,as; eRBaHminTan;lHbg;[hµt;ct; KW eFVImin[xVl;xVay min[ RseBcRsBil edayvíFIkarBinitüxusRtÚvCaedImerOy ² mü:ageTot kñúgFm’


132 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

TaMgLayenaH Fm’TaMgLayNaenACaTItaMgénesckþIsgS½y k¾kat;esckþI sgS½ykñúgFm’TaMgLayenaHecj)an eTIbeQµaHfa qøgesckþIsgS½y )an . rEmgeFVITidæi[Rtg;edaykareFVIesckþIyl;RtÚvkñúgkmµ nig plrbs; kmµ nig kñúgRBHrtnRt½y[Rtg; . ehIybnÞab;BIenaHÉg rEmgjúaMgcitþ[ RCHføaedaysT§asm,TaTaMg 2 y:ag . n½ymü:ageTot kaljúúaMgFm’tamEdl)ansþab;ehIy [Cak;c,as; kMNt; rUbFm’ nig GrUbFm’ EdlmkehIytamFm’Edl)ansþab;ehIyenaH kMNt;nam nig rUb RBmTaMgbc©½y)an k¾eQµaHfa eFVIkareXIjRtg; eRBaH km©at;karevocevrénTidæifa CastVecj)an . eRBaHeXIjGakarRtwmEtfa Fm’TaMgLayCabc©½y nig ekItBIbc©½y eQµaHfa qøgesckþIsgS½y kñúg GT§aTaMg 3 ecj)an . ehIyxagmuxbnÞab;BIenaH ceRmInvíbsSnaeday]TyBVyBaØaNCaedIm cuHkan;GriyPUmi eTIbeQµaHfa júaMgcitþ[RCHføa kñúgRBHrtnRt½yeday esckþIRCHføaminkeRmIk . buKÁlCay:agenaHÉg rEmgminvínascakKuN TaMgLaymansT§aCaedIm edaykarsikSatamklüaNmitþenaHÉg nwg ceRmIneLIgeTAEtmü:agCaR)akd . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { sikSatamklüaNmitþenaH } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa lEgVkpÞH mann½yfa cUleTAkan;eKacrRKam tamEdlman eQµaHfa lEgVkpÞH eRBaHGtßfa manpÞHCacenøaH ² b¤ eKacrRKamenHman kñúgrvagpÞHenaH ¬ tamlMdab;pÞH ¦ . PikçúedIreTAtamfñl;edIm,IEsVgrkPikçaEt1 pÞH ² kñúgeKacrRKamenaH . Baküfa manckçúsMyugcuH KW smøwgEPñkcuHeRkam . elakeBalfa


133 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

smøwgemIlmYyCYrnwm k¾edIm,IeCosvagBaküsYrfa edayGakarmanRtwm Na eTIbeQµaHfa manckçúsMyugcuH . Baküfa sRgÜm KW rvaMg . kñúgTIenHedayGakary:agNa eTIbeQµaHfa CaGñksRgÜmehIy / edIm,IsEmþgGakarenaH eTIbelakeBalfa minsmøwg emIlBldMrI dUecñHCaedIm . bTfa ytß mann½yesµInwg eysu eyaK stib,dæaensu ERbfa kñúg stib,dæanBYkNa . citþ KW Pavnacitþ . bTfa ]bniBn§ti ERbfa naMcUl eTAcgTuk . dUcBaküburaNacarüeBalTukfa { nrCnkñúgelakenH eBlhVwkhat; kUneKa Kb,IcgTuknwgbegÁaly:agNa Pikçúk¾dUcKña Kb,Icgcitþrbs;xøÜnTuk [maMkñúgGarmµN_edaysti } . edIm,IsEmþgPaBénstib,dæanEdlCa]bniBn§eKacr edayRBHsURt eTIb elakGacarüeBalfa { smdUcBaküEdlRBHmanRBHPaKeBalTuk } dUecñH CaedIm . kñúgbNþaBaküTaMgLayenaH eRcInBaküfa Fm’EdlCavís½yénbita rbs;xøÜn mann½yfa Fm’EdlCavís½yrbs;RBHsmµasm<úT§Cam©as; EdlCa bitarbs;xøÜn / EdlRBHGgÁRTg;eXIjehIy RTg;;sEmþgehIy . Baküfa manRbmaNtic KW manRbmaNticy:agéRkElg . bTfa GsBa©ic© GabnñeskçiyGkuslcitþúb,aTaTiePeTsu bNÐitKb,IeXIjs½BÞ GsBa©ic© Cavíessn³rbs; eskçiy y:agenHfa GsBa©ic© Gabnñeskçieysu Gkuslcitþúb,aTaTiePeTsu . kñúgTIenH edays½BÞfa eskçiy elakkan; yksUm,IvtþCaedImfa vtþEdlmanmkkñúg vtþxn§k CaedIm .


134 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

eRBaHvtþTaMgLayenaH elakk¾R)afñafaCa { eskçiy } edayGtßfa KYr sikSa . Bity:agenaH kñúgmatika RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;min)aneFVIkarkMNt; eskçiyvtþTukdUcCa)araCíkCaedIm . k¾eRBaH eFVIGFib,ayy:agenH sB½Þfa GsBa©ic© fa {GsBa©ic©Gabnñeskçiya } ¬ eskçiyvtþEdlmintaMgcitþknøg ¦ rEmgseRmc . kñúgeskçiyvtþ 75 Edlmkkñúgmatika eQµaHfa enasBaØavíemakç min Gacrk)an / kñúgGFikarenH eday GsBa©ic© s½BÞenaH Égelakse®gÁaHyk karminmansti nig karmindwg TukpgEdr . EtGacarüBYkxøHeBalTukkñúgerOgenHfa edays½BÞfa mintaMg citþknøg elakkan;ykGabtþiEdlCa Gcitþk³ / BaküenaH RtwmEtCamtiGacarüBYk enaH eRBaHkñúgbNþaKrukabtþi GabtþixøHCaGcitþk³k¾man / eRBaHkñúgTIenH RTg;sMedAykeTasRsalCageTasTaMgGs;EdlnwgRtÚvsEmþgeLIg eday karGFidæan KW taMgcitþsRgÜmteTA b¤ sEmþgedaykarsEmþgGabtþiecj . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { yani tani vC¢ani Gb,mtþkani »rmtþkani lhukani lhusmµtani } CaedIm . ¬ eTasTaMgLayenaH Na manRbmaNtUc manRbmaNRsal dwgfaRsal ¦ . eday GaTi s½BÞ Kb,IeXIjkarse®gÁaHeTasEdlmindl;PaBCaGabtþi EdlminKb,IQan knøg edIm,IPaBbrisuT§ién)atiemakçsMvrsIl . Baküfa manRbRktIeXIj P½y mann½yfa mansPaBeXIjeTasEdlmanRbmaNtUcy:agéRkElg hak;dUcb:unPñMsienru Edlmankm<s; 6>800>000 eyaCn_ b¤ mansPaB eXIjGabtþiRtwmTuBÖasit EdlmaneTasRsalCagGabtþiTaMgBYg eFVI[dUc Gabtþi)araCík .


135 mhadÍka )atiemakçsMvrsIl

Baküfa sIly:agNamYy KW sIlEdlnwgKb,IsikSa EdlKb,Ibdibtþi EdlKb,IbMeBjx>NamYyEdlEckCamUlb,BaØtþi Gnub,BaØtþi sBVtßb,BaØtþi beTsb,BaØtþiCaedIm . Baküfa kan;ykedayl¥ )andl; kan;ykehIy edayl¥enaHÉg KW edayeKarB nig edayRbkarTaMgBYg . sYrfa kardl;RBmedayGacareKacrenH Tak;Tgkñúg)atiemakçsMvr sIl b¤ minTak;Tg ? eqøIyfa Tak;Tg . ebIy:agenaH ehtuGVIeTIbRtÚveBalfa dl;RBmedayGacar nig eKacrTuk eTot elakGacarüeBalBaküfa { kñúgGFikarén)atiemakçsMvrenH } CaedIm sMedAykBaküeRkInrMlwkTukeTot .

¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦ ¬ cb; )atiemakçsMvrsIl ¦

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>


136 vísuT§imKÁ \®nÞiysMvrsIl

\®nÞiysMvrsIl

cMENksIlNa EdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa { PikçúenaHeXIjrUbedayckçú ehIy CaGñkminkan;yknimitþ minkan;ykGnuBüBa¢n³ GPiCÄa eTamnsS TaMgLay Fm’TaMgLayEdlCa)ab CaGkusl nwg Kb,IhUreTAtamPikçúEdl minsRgÜmckçú®nÞIy_ eRBaHehtuminsRgÜmckçú®nÞIy_Na rEmgbdibtþiedIm,IbiT nUvckçú®nÞIy_enaH rkSackçú®nÞIy_enaH dl;nUvkarsRgÜmkñúgckçú®nÞIy_ / Gñksþab; sMeLgedayesat³ehIy . l . FMukøínedayXan³ehIy . l . liT§rs edayCÍvðaehIy . l . Bal;RtÚvepadæBV³edaykayehIy . l . dwg FmµarmµN_edaymn³ehIy minkan;yknimitþ minkan;ykGnuBüBa¢n³ dl;nUv karsRgÜmkñúgmni®nÞIy_ } dUecñaH sIlenH eQµaHfa \®nÞiysMvrsIl .

Gdækfa \®nÞiysMvrsIl cMENk\®nÞiysMvrsIlNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;sEmþgTukeday n½yfa { PikçúenaHeXIjrUbedayckçú } dUecñHCaedIm kñúglMdab;én )atiemakçsMvrsIl Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúg\®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH dUcteTAenH ³ bTfa PikçúenaH )andl; PikçúEdltaMgenAkñúg)atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH . Baküfa eXIjrUbedayckçú mann½yfa eXIjrUbedayckçúvíBaØaN . EdlGackñúgkareXIjrUb )anevaharfa ckçú edayGMNacPaBCaehtu Biit ehIy buraNacarüTaMgLayeBalTukfa { ckçúrEmgmineXIjrUb eRBaH

ckçúminmancitþsUm,Icitþk¾mineXIjrUb eRBaHcitþminmanckçú EteBl EdlTVarCamYyGarmµN_xÞb;Kña buKÁlrEmgeXIjrUbedaycitþ manckçú


137 vísuT§imKÁ \®nÞiysMvrsIl

bsaTCaTItaMg } BaküniyaydUecñH eQµaHfa ssmÖarkfa dUckfakñúg Baküfa )aj;edayFñÚCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH esckþIfa { eXIjrUbeday ckçúvíBaØaN }enH enaHÉgCakarsmÁal;kñúgBaküfa eXIjrUbedayckçúenaH. bTfa n nimitþKÁahI mann½yfa rEmgminkan;yknimitþfa ®sþI b¤ burs b¤ nimitþEdlCaTItaMgrbs;kielsmansuPnimitþCaedIm KitehIykñúgGakarRtwm EteXIjbu:eNÑaH . bTfa nanuBüBa¢nKÁahI mann½yfa rEmgminkan;ykGakarepSg ² man éd eCÍg k,al karesIc karcrca karniyaymJiúkmJ:k; nig kar RkeLkemIlCaedIm Edl)anevaharfa GnuBüBa¢n³ eQµaHfa GnuBüBa¢n³ eRBaHCaeRKÓgeFVIkielsTaMgLay[R)akd vtßúNaelceFøakñúgsrIr³enaH k¾ kan;ykvtßúenaH¬ CaGarmµN_ ¦ dUcRBHmhatisSetßrenAectiybB’tdUecñaH .

erOgRBHmhatisSetßr

mandMNalmkfa ®sþIkUnRbsarRtkUlmYyeQøaHKñaCamYysVamI k¾tub Etg nigRbdab;kays¥atehIy dUcCaeTBkBaØa ecjBIGnuraFbur³taMgBI RBlwmedIreTAkan;pÞHrbs;jati kñúgrvagpøÚv )anCYbRBHmhatisSetßr Edl nimnþecjBIectiymhabB’t mkkan;GnuraFbur³edIm,IbiNÐ)at k¾ekItman citþvíbløasesIcxøaMgeLIg cMENkRBHefr³RkeLkemIlKitfa enHCaGVI ? k¾ RtLb;)anGsuPsBaØakñúgeFµjrbs;®sþIenaH ehIy)anseRmcRBHGrhtþ . ssmÖarkfa ERbfa BaküniyaymansmÖar³ KW manGgÁRbkb eTIbmann½yRKb;RKan; dUcBaküfa )aj;edayFñÚ smÖar³rbs;BaküenHKW kUnsr eRBaHebIminmankUnsr k¾)aj; min)an EteBlEdl)aj;kUnsrecjeTABIFñÚehIy k¾niyayfa { )aj;edayFñÚ } Cakar sþab;Kña)any:agNa Baküfa eXIjrUbedayckçú man smÖar³ KW ckçúvíBaØaN . 


138 vísuT§imKÁ \®nÞiysMvrsIl

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHburaNacarüeTIbeBalTuk ¬ CaKafa ¦ fa RBHefr³ 1¦ eXIjeFµjrbs;®sþIenaHehIy RtLb;rlwkdl;sBaØacas; ¬ elakQr enAkñúgTIenaHÉg )anseRmcRBHGrhtþ . cMENksVamIrbs;nagedIrtammk CYbRBHefr³ cUleTAsYrfa { elak d¾ceRmIn elakmaneXIj®sþIxøHb¤eT ? } RBHefr³eBalnwgeKfa Gatµamin eXIjfa®sþI b¤ bursedIreTAGMBITIenHeT Etfa eRKagq¥wgenaHkMBugedIreTA kan;pøÚvFM . kñúgBaküfa ytVaFikrNemnM CaedIm manvínicä½yfa Fm’TaMgLay manGPiCÄaCaedImTaMgLayenaH Kb,IhUreTAtam KW Kb,ICab;tambuKÁl enaHEdlminsRgÜmckçú®nÞIy_ KWCaGñkEdlminbiTckçúTVar edaybnÞHTVar KW sti edayehtuNa KW eRBaHehtuénkarminsRgÜmckçú®nÞIy_Na esckþIfa rEmgbdibtþiedIm,IXaMgnUvckçú®nÞIy_enaH mann½yfa rEmgbdibtþiedIm,IbiT ckçú®nÞIy_enaH edaybnÞHTVar KW sti / Pikçúbdibtþiy:agenaH elakeBalfa rEmgrkSackçú®nÞIy_xøH rEmgdl;RBmedaykarsRgÜmkñúgckçú®nÞIy_xøH . Baküfa dl;nUvkarsRgÜmkñúgckçú®nÞIy_enaH Kb,IRCabfa tamBit kar sRgÜm b¤ minsRgÜmk¾eday kñúgckçú®nÞIy_k¾eT eRBaHstikþI karvegVgePøc stikþI min)anGaRs½yckçúbsaTekIteLIgenaHeT mü:ageTot kñúgeBlEdl rU)armµN_mkkan;Knøgckçú eBlPvgÁcitþekItrlt; 2 xN³ehIy menaFatu EdlCakiriya[seRmcGavC¢nkic© ¬ kic© KW karnwkravrkGarmµN_ ¦ ekIteLIg ehIyrlt;eTA bnÞab;BIenaH ckçúvíBaØaN[seRmcTsSnkic© ¬ KW kic©eXIj ¦ ekIteLIgehIyrlt;eTA bnÞab;BIenaHmenaFatuCaví)ak [seRmcsm,dicänñ 1

mhadIkafa ³ RBHefr³ ceRmInGdæíkkmµdæanyUrehIy .


139 vísuT§imKÁ \®nÞiysMvrsIl

kic© ¬ kic© KW karTTYlGarmµN_ ¦ ekIteLIgehIyrlt;eTA bnÞab;BIenaH menavíBaØaNFatuEdlCaGehtukví)ak[seRmcsnþIrNkic© ¬ kic© KW kar BicarNa ¦ ekIteLIgehIyrlt;eTA bnÞab;mkmenavíBaØaNFatuEdlCa Gehtukkiriya[seRmcevadæBVnkic© ¬ KW karkMNt;yk ¦ ekIteLIgehIy rlt;eTA / kñúglMdab;enaHCvncitþeTIbsÞúHeTA karsRgÜm b¤ minsRgÜmk¾ eday kñúgsm½yTaMgLayenaH KW kñúgPvgÁsm½yk¾minman kñúgbNþasm½y énvífÍcitþ manGavC¢n³CaedIm sm½yNamYyk¾minmaneLIy Etfa kñúgxN³ énCvncitþ ebIkarRTúsþsIlkþI karvegVgePøcstikþI karmindwgkþI karminGt; Fn;kþI karx¢ilRcGUskþI ekIteLIg karminsRgÜmk¾maneLIg karminsRgÜm EdlmaneLIgy:agenHenaH RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as;Rtas;fa ³ karminsRgÜmkñúgckçúç®nÞIy_ eRBaHehtuGVI ? eRBaHehtufa eBlkarmin sRgÜmenaHmanehIy sUm,ITVark¾min)anXuMRKg sUm,IPvgÁcitþ sUm,IvífÍcitþ manGavC¢n³CaedIm k¾min)anXMuRKg ¬ eTAtamKña ¦ eRbóbdUcGVI ? eRbóbdUc TVarRBHnKrTaMg 4 Tis EdlbuKÁlmin)anrvaMgehIy sUm,IxagkñúgpÞH s‘umTVar nig bnÞb;CaedIm EdlbuKÁlrvaMgl¥ehIyk¾eday vtßúrbs;rbrTaMg Gs;kñúgRBHnKr k¾eQµaHfa min)anrkSa min)anXMuRKgpgEdr eRBaHBYkecar nwgcUleTAtamTVarRBHnKr ehIykan;ykvtßúEdlxøÜnRtÚvkar)any:agNa eBlkarRTúsþsIlCaedIm ekIteLIgkñúgCvncitþ k¾dUecñaHdUcKña eBlkarmin sRgÜmenaHmanehIy sUm,ITVark¾eQµaHfa min)anXMuRKg sUm,IPvgÁcitþ sUm,I vífÍcitþ manGavC¢n³CaedIm k¾eQµaHfa min)anXuMRKg EteBlsMvr mansIl sMvrCaedIm ekIteLIgkñúgCvncitþenaHehIy sUm,ITVark¾)anXMuRKg sUm,I PvgÁcitþ sUm,IvífÍcitþ manGavC¢n³CaedIm k¾)anXuMRKgehIy eRbóbdUcGVI ? eRbóbdUcTVarRBHnKrEdlbuKÁlrvaMgl¥ehIy sUm,IkñúgpÞHCaedIm eKmin)an


140 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

rvaMgk¾eday vtßúrbs;rbrTaMgGs;kñúgRBHnKr k¾eQµaHfa )anXMuRKgl¥ehIy TaMgGs; eRBaHkalebITVarRBHnKrbiTehIy BYkecark¾minmanRckcUl)an y:agNa eBlsMvr mansIlsMvrCaedIm ekIteLIgkñúgCvncitþ k¾dUecñaH dUc Kña sUm,ITVark¾)anXMuRKgehIy sUm,IPvgÁcitþ sUm,IvífÍcitþmanGavC¢n³CaedIm k¾)anXMuRKgehIy eRBaHdUecñaH karsRgÜmeBlekIteLIgenAkñúgxN³én Cv½n eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa karsRgÜmkñúgckçú®nÞIy_ sUm,Ikñúgn½yfa sþab;sMeLgedayRtecokCaedIm k¾mann½ydUcKña sIlEdlbriyaymk y:agenH bNÐitKb,IRCabedaysegçbfa eQµaHfa \®nÞiysMvrsIl Edl mankarevorcakkarkan;yknimitþ EdlkielsCab;tamCaGaT× kñúgrUbCaedIm CalkçN³ .

mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

bTfa esa eyaK )atiemakçsMvrsIel btidæítPikçú ERbfa PikçúEdl taMgenAkñúg)atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH . edaybTfa esa enaH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;sEmþgdl;RbePTPikçúEdl Kb,IR)afñanUv\®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH . Baküfa edayckçú RTg;sEmþgdl;ckçú CaEdnénsMvr . Baküfa rUb RTg;sEmþgdl;rUbEdlCaTItaMgénsMvr . Baküfa eXIjehIyCaGñkminkan;yknimitþ minkan;ykGnuBüBa¢n³ RTg;sEmþgdl;])ayénsMvr . Baküfa GPiCÄaeTamnsSTaMgLay Fm’TaMgLayEdlCa)abGkusl


141 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

nwghUreTAtamPikçúEdlminsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_ eRBaHehtuminsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_ Na RTg;sEmþgFm’EdlCabdibkçdl;sMvr nig eTaskñúgFm’EdlCabdibkç dl;sMvrenaH . Baküfa rEmgbdíbtþiedÍm,IsMvr RTg;sEmþgdl;stiCaFm’ EdlKb,IcUleTAtaMgTukEtmü:ag . Baküfa rEmgrkSackçú®nIÞy_ RTg;sEmþg fa karXaMgckçú®nIÞy_ KW karjúaMgsti[cUleTAtaMgTukenaHÉg . Baküfa rEmgdl;karsRgÜmkñúgckçú®nIÞy_ RTg;sEmþgfa stienaHÉgCay:agenaH CasMvrkñúgckçú®nIÞy_enaH .

BN’na\®niÞysMvrsIl \®niÞysMvrsIl CaGgÁén)atiemakçsMvrsIl eBlman\®niÞysMvrsIl enaHehIy eTIbKYrR)afñakñúg)atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH dUecñaH eTIbelakeBal TukfaBaküfa {PikçúenaH )andl;PikçútaMgenAkñúg)atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH} enaH } kalebI\®niÞysMvrsIlenH PikçúeFVI[dl;RBmehIy )atiemakçsMvr sIl rEmgXMuRKgl¥ehIy rkSal¥ehIyEtmü:ag dUcRsÚvsMNabEdleK karBarTukl¥ehIyedayrbgbnøa . bTfa karNvesn mann½yfa edayGMNacénehtuEdlminTUeTA . pl buKÁlrEmgGag)anedayGMNacehtuEdlminTUeTA / dUcCaBnøk RsÚvdMeNIb sMeLgsÁr dUecñaHÉg . mü:ageTot BaküenHR)ab;dl;vtßúEdlGaRs½yedaynisSyevahar dUc ¬1 ¦ CaERKeh‘a dUecñaH . rUb )andl; rU)aytn³ . Baküfa eXIjrUb edayckçú enH ebIckçúeXIjrUb)anEmn / sUm,IbuKÁlEdlRBmeRBógeday 1- FmµtaERKmineh‘a mnusSenAelIERKeh‘a ERKCaTIGaRs½y mnusSCaGñkGaRs½y .


142 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

víBaØaNdéT k¾nwgeXIjrUb)an / EtminEmnmandUecñaH / eRBaHehtuGVI ? eRBaHckçúminmancitþ . ehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { ckçúmineXIjrUb eRBaHminmancitþ } ebIvíBaØaNGaceXIjrUb)anEmn k¾nwgeXIjrUbenaH EdlenAxageRkACBa¢aMgCaedIm)an eRBaHminmanGVIbiT)aMg / esckþIenHk¾ minman eRBaHvíBaØaNRKb;dYgminmankareXIj / eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb elakeBalfa { citþrEmgmineXIjrUbeRBaHminmanckçú } . kñúgBaküfa eXIjrUbedayckçúenaH mann½yfa víBaØaNEdlGaRs½yckçúrEmgeXIj )an víBaØaNdéT ² eXIjmin)an . ehIyvíBaØaNenaH rEmgminekItkñúg kEnøgEdlRtÚvvtßúmanCBa¢aMgCaedIm y:agNamYy XaMgTukEdlCakEnøg )aMgBnøW . EtkñúgTINaEdlmin)aMgBnøW dUcCasßanTIEdlmandMbUl bnÞb; eFVIedayEkvplikCaedImkñúgTIenaH sUm,IRtÚvvtßú)aMg víBaØaNk¾enAekIteLIg )anEdr esckþIenHy:agNa / ckçúEdlvíBaØaNGaRs½yrEmgeXIj)an / ckçú EtÉkÉg mineXIjedayRbkarenaH eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas;fa { eXIjrUbedayckçú } dUecñH RTg;sMedAykckçúEdlvíBaØaN GaRs½y . Baküfa eBlTVarCamYyGarmµN_b:HKña mann½yfa eBlTVar b:HCamYyGarmµN_manehIy GFib,ayfa eBlrU)armµN_mkkan;Knøgckçú . Baküfa edaycitþmanckçúbsaTCaTItaMg mann½yfa edayvíBaØaN EdlmanckçúbsaTCaTItaMg KW GaRs½yckçúbsaTenaHRbRBwtþeTAehIy / ehAfa ckçúvíBaØaN . Baküfa rEmgeXIj KW rEmgemIleXIj . eBlvíBaØaNmanckçú bsaTCaTIGaRs½yénkarcaMgqøúHnwgrU)armµN_ EdlBnøW]btßmÖehIy eday KuNEdlCaTIGaRs½yrbs;xøÜn buKÁlEdlRBmeRBógedayvíBaØaNenaH eTIb


143 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

elakeBalfa { eXIjrUb } dUecñaH . karcaMgqøúHkñúgTIenH KW kareFVIGarmµN_[Cak;c,as;tamsPav³ EdlehA fa { kan;ykedayRbckS }. eBlkareXIjrUbedayckçúvíBaØaNseRmc / buKÁleTIbeQµaHfa eXIjrUbedayckçú dUcCaeBlkar)aj;rgVg;edaykUn srseRmc k¾manBaküniyayfa buKÁl)aj;edayFñÚ CaGgÁRbkbrbs;kUn srenaH eRBaHehtuenaH BaküdUecñHenH eTIbeQµaHfa ssmÖarkfa . BakümanGgÁRbkb eQµaHfa ssmÖarkfa GFib,ayfa Rbkbedayehtu énkareXIj . mü:ageTot karniyaycMeBaHkareXIjEdlmanGgÁRbkb k¾ eQµaHfa ssmÖarkfa . Baküfa eRBaHehtuenaH mann½yfa eRBaHkar eXIjrUbedayckçúsuT§ ² b¤edayvíBaØaNsuT§ ² minman eRBaHehtuNa KW eRBaHehtuenaH . kñúgBaküfa nimitþfa®sþI b¤ burs mann½yfa rUbragsNæanEdl buKÁlRbkan;yk sMedAcMeBaHrUbkþI PaBmansac;edaHkMBugkþI PaBEdlmat; minmanBukmat;kþI karcgsk; nig kareRbIsMBt;kþI \riyabf mankarQr kar edIrminGg;GacCaedImkþI TaMgGs; GaRs½ysnþanrbs;®sþI . eQµaHfa nimitþ fa®sþI eRBaHCaehtuénkardwgc,as;fa ®sþI . nimitþfaCaburs Kb,IRCab edaybriyaypÞúyKñaBIBaküEdleBalehIy . Kb,IRCabeRKÓgsmÁal;fa kñúgBaküfa b¤¤ nimitþmansuPnimitþ CaedImenH GakarEdlKYrR)afñaEdlCa ehtu[ekItraK³ eQµaHfa suPnimitþ . edaybT GaTi s½BÞ rYmTaMg bdiXnimitþCaedImpg . bdiXnimitþenaH Kb,IRCabfa CaGakarEdlminKYr R)afñaCaedIm KWCaehtu[ekIteTas³CaedIm . kñúgGFikarenH GPiCÄa nig eTanmsSbu:eNÑaH EdlmkkñúgRBH)alItam


144 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

sPaBBit / sUm,Iy:agenaH k¾RtÚvrYmykTaMg]ebkçanimitþTukpgEdr eRBaH sUm,Iemah³EdlekIteLIgedaykarsmøwgminCanic©kal k¾CakarminsRgÜm )an . BitehIy elakGacarüeBalfa { karvegVgstikþI karmindwgkþI } dUecñH . mü:ageTot kñúgBaküfa ]ebkçanimitþ enH )andl; GarmµN_EdlCa TItaMgénGBaØaNuebkça ¬ karRBegIy KW karmindwg ¦ 1 / sBaØaNuebkça enaH Kb,IRCabeRBaHkarsmøwgGarmµN_enaH minCanic©kal . elakGacarü eBalcMeBaHehtuénraK³ eTas³nigemah³. edaysPaBy:agenHfa {man suPnimitþCaedIm } dUecñH . edayehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { nimitþCaTItaMgrbs;kiels } . Baküfa { rEmgtaMgenAkñúgGakarRtwmEteXIjbu:eNÑaH } mann½yfa rEmgtaMgenAkñúgvNÑaytn³EdlRtwmEtckçúvíBaØaN nigvífÍcitþTaMgLaykan; ykbu:eNÑaH tamn½yEdlRTg;Rtas;TukkñúgRBHsURtfa { eBleXIjk¾Rtwm EteXIj } minkMNt;Gakar manPaBs¥atCaedIm y:agNamYydéTBIenaH . Baküfa eRBaHeFVIkarR)akd mann½yfa eRBaHeFVI[R)akd KWeFVI[eXIj c,as; . eRBaHfa eBlbuKÁlkMNt;edayPaBs¥atCaedImnUvGvyv³ manéd CaedIménvísPaKvtßú kielsEdlekIteLIgkñúgGvyv³TaMgLayenaHehIy ² erOy ² k¾nwgR)akdc,as;eLIg eRBaHehtuenaH Gvyv³TaMgLay enaH eTIbeQµaHfa GnuBüBa¢n³ énkielsTaMgLayenaH . EteRBaHGvyv³TaMgLayenaH CaGakarEdlPUtrUb nig])aTayrUbEdl GaRs½yKñaehIyedayRbkarenaH ² GaRs½yKñaCanic© . evorElgGakar enaHecj minmanGakarNa ² eQµaHfa édCaedImedaybrmtß / eRBaH dUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa minkan;ykGakarepSg ² man éd eCÍg k,al karesIc karcrca karniyaymJúikmJ:k; nig karRkeLkemIlCaedIm .


145 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

elakeBalfa { kñúgsrIr³enaH vtßúNamanBit k¾kan;ykvtßúenaH } dUecñaH k¾edIm,IeCosvagBaküsYrfa nwgkan;yky:agNa ? . n½ymü:ag eTot kan;ykGakarRtwmEtfa PUtrUb nig ])aTayrUb mansk; Rkck CaedIm EdlmanenAkñúgsrIr³enHb:ueNÑaH tamBit . elakGacarükal sEmþgtYy:agénkarkan;yknUvGakarmins¥atkñúgsrIr³enaH eTIbnaMykerOg rbs;RBHmhatisSetßrmksEmþg edayBakümanCaGaT×fa { RBHtisSetßr EdlenAkñúgectiybrBt } CaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa sumNÐitbsaFita mann½yfa tub EtgehIy Rbdab;ehIyedayl¥ . GacarüTaMgLayeBalfa kareRbIvtßúman eRKÓgGaPrN³CaedIm EtgxøÜn . eQµaHfa mNÐn ERbfa tubEtg . kar tubEtgragkayedayvíFI mankarxat;Es,kCaedIm eQµaHfa bsaFn ERb fa tubEtg b¤Rbdab;/ mü:ageTot kareRbIeRKÓgGaPrN³TaMgLaynigeRKÓg tubEtg maneRKÓgGlgáar KW sMBt;CaedIm EtgxøÜn eQµaHfa bsaFn . kartubEtg[RKb;eRKÓg eQµaHfa mNÐn . Baküfa mancitþvíbløas KW mancitþvíbriteTAedayGMNac raK³. Baküfa RkeLkemIl mann½yfa RBHefr³mankareFVITukkñúgcitþnUv kmµdæanenaHÉg nimnþeTARkeLkemIledayKitfa { enHKWGVI } tamsMeLg esIc eRBaHkarmnsikarEdlCabuBVPaK mansMeLgCasRtÚv . Baküfa GsuPsBaØa )andl; GdæiksBaØa . BitehIy xN³enaHRBHefr³kMBugbriharGdæikkmµdæan . Baküfa seRmcGrhtþ mann½yfa )anB¤fa RBHefr³)anbdiPaKnimitþ nig ]bcarQand¾RbesIr eRBaHbuBVPaKPavna elak)anceRmInl¥ehIy


146 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

edaykareXIjq¥wgeFµjrbs;®sþIenaH EdlesIcenATIenaHÉg kMBugQrenA tamRbRktI k¾seRmcbzmCÄanenATIenaH eFVIQanenaH[Ca)aT ceRmIn víbsSna seRmcGasvkçy³ tamlMdab;mKÁ . Baküfa RtLb;rlwkdl;sBaØacas; mann½yfa rlwkdl;erOy ² KW RbmUlmknUvGdæikkmµdæancas; tamEdlsnSMehIy KW EdltamRbkbRKb; eBl . Baküfa GnumKÁM ERbfa tampøÚv KW tamdaneCÍgrbs;®sþI )anB¤fa srIr³TaMgGs;rbs;®sþIenaH R)akdedayPaBCaeRKagq¥wg edaykareXIj q¥wgeFµjenaHÉg eRBaHRBHefr³mankarCMnajkñúgPavna . RBHefr³min smÁal;fa eRKagq¥wgenaHCa®sþI b¤ burs . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { GatµaPaBmindågfa ®sþI b¤ burs edÍreTABITIenH Etfa eRKagq¥wgenaH kMBugedÍreTAkan;pøÚvFM } dUecñH . elakGacarüeBalfa { eRBaHehtu minsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_Na } ehIy eBaleTotfa { edÍm,IRtÚvkarbiTnUvckçú®nIÞy_enaH edaysnÞHTVar KW sti } min)aneBalfa ¬ eRBaHehtu ¦énkarminsRgÜmdUecñH . BaküenH elak GFib,ayTukfa RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;sEmþgGMBIkarhUreTAénGPiCÄaCaedIm eRBaHehtuénkarminsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_Na / RTg;sEmþgGMBIkarhUreTAén GPiCÄaenaH CaedImfa RbRBwtþeTA eRBaHehtuénkarminsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_enaH Ég . BitehIy ckçú®nIÞy_CaehtuénkarhUreTAnUvGPiCÄaCaedIm tampøÚvckçúTVar dUcCaehtuénvíBaØaNEdlRbkbtamTVarenaH² . eBlkarminsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_ manehIy GPiCÄaCaedImTaMgLayenaH rEmghUreTACanic© eRBaHdUecñH karminsRgÜmenaH manehtumkBIkarminsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_ eTIbelakeBalTuk dUecñHÉg . eRBaHBaküfa ytVaFikrNM mann½yfa eRBaHehtuénckçú®nIÞy_


147 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

Na . sYrfa eRBaHehtuénckçú®nIÞy_RbePTNa ? eqøIyfa eRBaHehtuén ckçú®nIÞy_EdlminsRgÜm . sYrfa minsRgÜmy:agNa ? eqøIyfa eRBaHehtu minsRgÜmckçú®nIÞy_Na GPiCÄaCaedIm eTIbhUreTAtam KW RbkarEdlbuKÁl cUleTAraraMgkarhUreTAénGPiCÄaCaedImenaH edÍm,IsRgÜmnUvckçú®nIÞy_enaH BaküRbkbesckþIkñúgGFikarenH mandUceBalmkenHÉg . BakümanCaGaT×fa EtkñúgxN³énCvncitþ . Baküfa CaGñkRTúsþsIlkþI dUecñHTaMgGs;elakeBalTukkñúgckçúTVar enHb:ueNÑaH edIm,ImineBaleTot eRBaHehtuenaHTVarTaMg 6 Kb,IRCabtam EdlekIt)anedayRbkardUecñH . eRBaHfa karRTúsþsIl KW kayTuc©rit nig vcITuc©ritminmankñúgTVar 5 / dUecñH Kb,IRbkbkarminsRgÜm KW karRTúsþsIl Tak;TgkñúgmenaTVar / GsMvrd¾ess eTIbRbkbCamYyTVar 6 . BitehIy PaBCaGñkvegVgePøcstiCaedIm GacmankarekIteLIg)antamTVarTaMg 5 eRBaH GkuslCabdibkçcMeBaHstiCaedIm / cMENkPaBCaGñkRTúsþsIlEdlCakar knøgelµIspøÚvkay nigvaca minmankarekItkñúgTVarTaMg 5 eT . eRBaHCv½n EdlRbRBwtþeTAtamTVarTaMg 5 minGacjúaMgvíBaØtþi[ekIt)aneT . GsMvrTaMg 5 mankarRTúsþsIlCaedIm elakeBalTuk CabdibkçcMeBaHsMvrTaMg 5 mansIlsMvrCaedImkñúgTIenH . 2bTfa tsµw sti ERbfa eBlGsMvrenaH manehIy . Baküfa eRbóbdUcGVI mann½yfa GsMvreBlekIteLIgkñúgCv½n elak ehAfa { karminsRgÜmkñúgckçú®nIÞy_ } edayRbkarNa / tYy:agénRbkar enaHy:agNa edayBaküfa eRbóbdUc CaedIm elakGacarüsEmþgPaB esµIKñafa eBlminsRgÜmy:aghñwg k¾CaehtuminsMvry:aghñwgeTA KWfa eBl GsMvrmanenAkñúgCv½n FmµCatimanTVarCaedIm Edlsm<n§CamYyCv½nenaH k¾


148 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

minsRgÜm dUcCaeBlEdlmankarminrkSaRBHnKr TBVsmÖar³ manpÞH CaedIm Edlsm<n§CamYynKrenaH k¾minrkSapgEdr minEmnsEmþgPaBesµI KñaénxagedIm nig xagcug b¤ PaBesµIKñaTaMgxagkñúg nig xageRkAenaHeT . mü:ageTot eBlTVar nig PvgÁCaedImmanehIy Cv½nEdlekIteLIgenaH elakeBalfa dUcCaTVarRBHnKr eRBaHeFVI[dUcCaenAxageRkA/ cMENkeRkA BIenH elakeBalfa dUcCaxagkñúgnKr . eRBaHfa PvgÁedIm EdlseRmc ehIykñúgkalmun edayPaBCabc©½y sUm,IminmankñúgkalénCv½n k¾eQµaH fa man eRBaHplekIteLIg dUcCackçúCaedIm . eRBaHfa luHRtaEt FmµCatiEdlRTRTg;man eTIbehAfa man k¾eT . ÉBaküfa { eRBaHeFVI[ dUcCaxageRkA } ´m©as;eBalTuk eRBaHeFVIGFib,ayfa eBlCv½nCaxag eRkA nig eBlFmµCatieRkABIenH Caxagkñúg sUm,Iminmanedaybrmtß Cv½n Edlcrmk EdlekIteLIgkñúgRKaxøHCaxageRkA nig FmµCatieRkABIenH man sPaBxusKñaCamYyCv½nenaHCaxagkñúg rEmgmin)anedaybriyayNamYy eRBaHRBH)alImanCaGaT×fa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay citþenHpUrpg; citþenH ÉgRtÚv]bkáielsEdlcrmkeFVI[esAhµg } dUecñHÉg . mü:ageTot eRBaH eBlGsMvrekIteLIgkñúgCvn³ bnÞab;BICvn³enaH FmµCatimanTVar nig PvgÁ CaedImk¾dl;PaBCaehtuénGsMvr . FmµCatimanTVar nig PvgÁCaedIm Ca ehtuénGsMvrenaH rEmgdwg)anedaykarekIteLIgénGsMvr eRBaHehtuenaH karEdlecar KW PaBCaGñkRTúsþsIlCaedIm cUleTAtampøÚvCv½nEdleRbób dUcCaTVarnKr bøn;enARtg;TVar nig PvgÁCaedIm elakeBalfa CakarTmøay PNг KW kusl . GsMvrekIteLIgRtg;TVarNa GsMvrenaH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgTVarenaHcUleTAkat;ecjnUvFmµCati manTVarCaedIm EdlCa]bnisS½yén sMvrdUecñHÉg . Kb,IeXIjkarCab;KñaénFmµCati manTVar nig PvgÁCaedIm Ca


149 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

mYyCvn³edaykarTak;TgenAkñúgsnþtiEtmYy . kñúgGFikarenH eBlrU)armµN_R)akdtampøÚvckçúTVar eBlkuslCv½n nig GkuslCv½nekIteLIg 7 xN³ Tak;Tgedayehtu manFmµCatiEdlkMNt; TukCaedIm ehIyFøak;cuHkan;PvgÁ eBlCv½ntampøÚvmenaTVarekIteLIg 7 xN³ dUcKñakñúgGarmµN_enaH ² tamsmKYrdl;Cv½n tampøÚvckçúTVarenaH ehIycuHkan;PvgÁ Cv½nGaRs½yGarmµN_enaHÉg tamTVarenaHÉgeTot kMNt;edayn½yCaedImfa { ®sþI burs } sÞúHeTA 7 xN³ edayGMNac esckþIRCHføa b¤ esckþIRsLaj;CaedIm . elakGacarü sMedAykCv½n EdlRbRBwtþeTAy:agenHCanic© eTIbeBalBakümanCaGaT×fa { eBlkar

RTúsþsIlCaedÍm ekIteLIgkñúgCvncitþ kalkarminsRgÜmenaH man ehIy sUm,ITVar k¾eQµaHfa min)anrkSa } dUecñH . tsµw eyaK Cven ERbfa kñúgCv½nenaH . Baküfa eBlsMvr man sIlCaedÍm mann½yfa eBlsIlsMvr stisMvr jaNsMvr xnþisMvr nig vÍriysMvr ekIteLIgehIy . dUcCa eBlbuKÁlmincUleTAtaMgFm’sRmab; sRgÜm KW stiTukCamun Kb,IRCabfa karRTúsþsIlCaedIm ekIteLIg)an y:agNa / eBlcUleTAtaMgFm’sRmab; sRgÜm KW sti Tukmun Kb,IRCabfa sIl CaedIm ekIteLIg)andUecñH . sUm,IkñúgGarmµN_ mansMeLgCaedIm k¾Kb,IRCabfa nimitþ nig GnuBüBa¢n³tamsmKYr . buKÁlsþab;sMeLgedayesatvíBaØaNehIy minkan;yknimitþ fa { sMeLg®sþI sMeLgburs } b¤nimitþEdlKYrR)afña nigminKYrR)afña EdlCa TItaMgénkiels rEmgRtwmEtB¤kñúgsMeLgEdlxøÜn)ansþab;ehIyb:ueNÑaH . TaMgminkan;ykGakarénsMeLgceRmógCaedIm . edayPaBepSgBIKña man


150 mhadÍka \®nÞiysMvrsIl

sMeLgEdlekItBIzanTaMg 6 ¬ sMeLgstVek¶ak ¦ CaedIm EdlkMNt;Ca sMeLgRsalCag¬eK¦CaedIm Edl)anevaharfa {GnuBüBa¢n³} eRBaHjúaMg nUvkiesl[R)akd . sUm,IkñúgGarmµN_ mankøinCaedIm k¾Kb,IeBaltam smKYry:agenH . cMENkpøÚvmenaTVar PvgÁEdlmanGavC¢n³ eQµaHfa menaTVar / bNÐit Kb,IRbkbBaküedayn½ymanCaGaT×fa eBlFmµarmµN_ mkR)akdtamTVar enaHehIy k¾dwg KW RCabGarmµN_enaH edayCvncitþenaH dUecñH . kiels TaMgLayEdlCab;tam manehIy edaysar karkan;yknimitþCaedImenH ehtuenaH karkan;yknimitþCaedImenaHÉg eQµaHfa kielsanuBen§a ERbfa mankielsCab;tam / \®niÞysMvrsIl mankarevorcakkarkan; yknimitþCaedIm EdlmankielsCab;tamenaH CalkçN³ eTIbeQµaHfa kielsanuBn§nimitþaTiKahbrivC¢nlkçNM ERbfa mankarevorcakkar kan;yknimitþCaedIm EdlmankielsCab;tam CalkçN³ . eday GaT GaTi s½BÞ elakGacarürYbrYmykGnuBüBa¢n³pgEdr . ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦ ¬ cb; \®niÞysMvrsIl ¦

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151 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl cMENkkarevorcak micäaCÍv³ EdlRbRBwtþeTAedayGMNacénkarelµIs sikçabT 6 EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;bBaØtþ eRBaHGaCÍBCaehtu eRBaHGaCÍB CaRbFan nig ¬ edayGMNac ¦ én)abFm’TaMgLayy:agenH KW ³ 1- kuhna karllYg . 2- lbna karbeBa¢ar . 3- enmitþikta kareFVInimitþ . 4- nieb,sikta kareRbIsMdICaexñasekasyklaP . 5- laePn laPM niCíKwsnta karEsVgrklaPedaylaP . dUecñHCaedIm sIlenH eQµaHfa GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl .

mhadÍka P¢ab;esckþIfa edayGMNackarelµIs ¬ Qanknøg ¦ . Baküfa sikçabT 6 mann½yfa sikçabT 6 x KW Edlsm,yutþeday )araCíkabtþiCaedIm EdlmkedayRBH)alIfa GaCÍvehtu GaCÍvkarNa GsnþM GPUtM ]tþrimnusSFmµM ]løbti CaedIm PikçúrEmgeBalGYt ]tþrimnusSFm’Edlminman EdlminBit eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu eRBaHGaCÍv³Ca RbFan . kare)akbeBaäatedaykuhnavtßú 3 y:ag mankarniyaybBaäitbeBaäóg CaedIm eQµaHfa kuhna ¬ karllYg ¦ .


152 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

kareBalelIksresIrxøÜnÉg b¤ Tayk edIm,I[eK [rbs;rbrepSg ² eQµaHfa lbna ¬ kareBa¢ar ¦ . eQµaHfa enmitþik eRBaHGtßfa kaykmµ nig vcIkmµEdl[ekItkar smÁal;fa nwg[bc½©y elakehAfa nimitþ karRbRBwtþiedaynimitþenaH elakehAfa nimitþikta ¬ kareFVIKr ¦ . Pikçú rEmgjaMjIedaykarbgçítbgçMCaedIm cMeBaHbuKÁlTaMgLaydéT eRBaHlaP dUckinrbs;RkGUbCaedIm dUecñH eTIbeQµaHfa nieb,esa . nieb,esa enaHÉgCa nieb,sieka Pav³én nieb,sik enaHeQµaHfa nieb,sikta ¬ karekas ¦ . karEsVgrklaPrbs;buKÁldéTedaylaPrbs;xøÜnEdl)anehIy eRBaH manesckþIR)afñaeRcIn eQµaHfa karTak;laPedaylaP . elakse®gÁaH ykPaBCaGñkniyayedayBaküminCaTIRsLaj; nig PaBCaGñkbeBa¢ar Ca edIm eday GaTi s½BÞ kñúgBaküfa ÉvmaTInM dUecñH . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦

BN’naGaCÍv)arisuT§isIl \LÚvenH Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgGaCÍv)arisuT§isIlEdleBalTukkñúglMdab; én\®nÞiysMvrsIlteTA ³ Baküfa sikçabT 6 EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg; bBaØtþTuk eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu eRBaHGaCÍv³CaRbFan mann½yfa sikçabT 6 EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;bBaØtþTuky:agenH KW { eRBaHGaCÍv³Ca


153 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

ehtu eRBaHGaCÍv³CaRbFan Pikçúk¾manesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþIR)afña RKbsgát;ehIy niyayGYt]tþrimnusSFmµEdlminman ¬ kñúgxøÜn ¦ RtÚvGabtþi )araCík eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu eRBaHGaCÍv³CaRbFan Pikçúdl;nUvPaBCaGñknaM dMNwg RtÚvGabtþisgÇaTiess eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu eRBaHGaCÍv³CaRbFan Pikçúniyayfa { PikçúNaenAkñúgvíharrbs;xøÜn PikçúenaHCaRBHGrhnþ } dUecñH kalebIelakebþCJaehIy RtÚvGabtþifuløc½©y eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu eRBaH GaCÍv³CaRbFan / PikçúminmanCMgÍ sMuePaCnEdlRbNIt edIm,IRbeyaCn_ cMeBaHxøÜnqan; RtÚvGabtþi)acitþiy eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu eRBaHGaCÍv³CaRbFan PikçúnIminmanCMgÍsMuePaCnEdlRbNIt edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;xøÜnqan; RtÚv)adieTsniy eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu eRBaHGaCÍv³CaRbFan/ PikçúminmanCMgÍsMusmø b¤ )ayedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;xøÜnqan; RtÚvTukád } dUecñH esckþITaMgLayenH y:agNa ¬ sMedAyk ¦ sikçabTTaMg 6 TaMgLayenH . kñúgBaküTaMgLay manBaküfa llYg ¬ kuhna ¦ CaedIm manRBH)alI dUcteTA ³ bNþakiriyaTaMgenaH karllYg etIdUcemþc ? karEkøgeFVI muxcgcieBa©Im EkøgeFVIgakmux qe)akeK[vegVgvgVan; edayvíFIlYg eBalKW karEkøg bdiesFbc½©ykþI edaykarniyaybBaäitbeBaäógkþI karEkøgerobb£kBa taMgb£kBa erob\riyabf[l¥kþI rbs;PikçúEdleXIjcMeBaHlaPskáar³ nig esckþIsresIr manesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþIR)afñaRKbsgát;ehIy enHehAfa { karllYg } . 

kñúgmhanieTÞseBalfa kuhnavtßú ¬ víFIllYg ¦ man 3 y:ag KW 1 EkøgbdiesFbc½©y / 2 niyaybBaäitbeBaäóg / 3 EkøgeFVI\riyabfKYr[RCHføa .


154 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

bNþakiriyaTaMgLay karbeBa¢ar etIdUcemþc ? karniyaysak sYreKmun niyayGYt niyayykcitþeK niyaycgsm<n§nwgeK niyay bgçMeK niyayEGbGbeK niyaydak;xøÜn niyay¬ elgbnøMEmn ¦ dUc sENþkes¶ar¬niyayxSwbexSóvedayesckþIRsLaj;¦CabgciBa©wmekµg y:ag Na rbs;PikçúEdleXIjcMeBaHlaPskáar³ nig esckþIsresIrman esckþI R)afñalamk RtÚvesckþIR)afñaRKbsgát;ehIy enHehAfa { beBa¢ar } . bNþakiriyaTaMgLayenaH PaBCaGñkeFVInimitþ etIdUcemþc ? karbUjmat; eBalbBaäitbeBaäóg niyayedogdg niyaycak;qáwH niyaysÞabsÞg;mti niyayl,ÜglYgelamcMeBaHCndéTTaMgLayNa rbs;PikçúEdleXIjcMeBaH laPskáar³ nig karsresIr manesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþIR)afñaRKb sgát;ehIy enHehAfa { PaBCaGñkeFVInimitþ } . bNþakiriyaTaMgLayenaH karekas ¬ nieb,sikta ¦ etIdUcemþc ? kareCreK karniyayrMelaPeK karniyayriHKn;eK karniyaybeNþjeK karniyayedjtameK karniyaycMGkdak;eK karniyayesIccMGkeK niyayBenøIseK niyayemIlgayeK niyayeBaleTaseK cMeBaHmuxGñk déT niyaysMLútbgçitbgçMeKénPikçúEdleXIjcMeBaHlaPskáar³ nigesckþI sresIr manesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþIR)afñaRKbsgát; enHehAfa karekas ¬ karbgçitbgçM ¦ . kiriyaTaMgLayenaH karEsVgrklaPedaylaP  etIdUcemþc ? Pikçú eXIjcMeBaHlaPskáar³ nig esckþIsresIr manesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚv 

)abFm’ 5 Rbkar KW kuhna / lbna / enmitþikta / nieb,sikta / laePn laPM niCíKwsnta manesckþIR)afñaEtmü:ag KW [)anbc©½y EtedayvíFIkarepSg ² .


155 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

esckþIR)afñaRKbsgát; rEmgnaMGamisEdlxøÜn)anBIpÞHenHeTApÞHenaH b¤ naM GamisEdlxøÜn)anBIpÞHenaHmkpÞHenH karcUlcitþrk karesIubrk karEsVg rkGamisedayGamisEbbenH enHehAfa karEsVgrklaPedaylaP . esckþIGFib,ayénRBH)alIKb,IRCabdUcteTA ³

kuhnanieTÞs karllYgedayb£k Kb,IRCabGFib,aykñúgkuhnanieTÞsmun / bTfa eXIjcMeBaHlaP skáar³ nigesckþIsresIr mann½yfa b:g KW R)afñalaPskáar³pg eQµaH e)aHsMeLgpg . bTfa manesckþIR)afñalamk KW manesckþIRtÚvkar sEmþgKuNEdlminman ¬ kñúgxøÜn ¦ eRBaHehtu kuhnvtßú 3 y:ag mkkñúg mhanieTÞsedayGMNackarEkøgbdiesFbc©½y karniyaybBaäitbeBaäóg nig GaRs½y\riyabf eRBaHehtuenaH edIm,IsEmþgkuhnvtßúTaMg 3 y:ag enaHteTAenH elakepþÍmBaküfa bc©ybdíesFenn va dUecñH CaGaTi . kñúgkuhnvtßúTaMg 3 y:agenaH kareFVI[eKyl;RcLM enAeBlEdleKnimnþ edaybc©½y mancIvrCaedIm ¬ xøÜnÉg ¦ KW CaGñkmanesckþIRtÚvkareday bc©½yenaHBit ² EtGaRs½yesckþIR)afñalamk k¾EkøgeFVICaham eRBaHdwg fa KhbtI ¬ Tayk ¦ TaMgLayenaHmansT§amaMTaMcMeBaHxøÜn ehIyedIm,I [eKGgVrfa { elakm©as;dak;Fur³CaGñkR)afñaticBit minRtÚvkarTTYlGVI ² eLIy / BYk´m©as;)anl¥ÉkehIy ebIelakm©as;TTYlGVI ² sUm,IEtbnþic bnþÜc } dUecñHehIy naMbc©½ymancIvrCaedImEdlRbNIt ² cUleTA¬ fVay ¦


156 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

eday])ayvíFIepSg² eTot / ¬ eK ¦ EkøgeFVICaGñkR)afñanwgGnueRKaHGñkTaMg enaH ehIyTTYlkþI Caehtu[bnÞab;BIenaHeTA ¬ eK ¦ naMcUlmkfVayPøam TaMgreTHeKa ² ¬ dUecñH ¦ Kb,IRCabfa ¬ enHCa ¦ kuhnvtßúEdlrab;fa Cakar EkøgbdiesFbc©½y .

kuhnvtßúTak;Tgedaybc©½y BitehIy sUm,IkñúgmhanieTÞselakk¾)aneBalBaküenHTukfa ³ { kuhnvtßúEdlrab;fa CakarEkøgbdiesFbc©½ydUcemþc ? KhbtI TaMgLaynimnþPikçúkñúgRBHsasnaenHedaycIvr biNÐ)at esnasn³ Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçarTaMgLay GñkmanesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþI R)afñaRKbsgát;ehIy CaGñkmanesckþIRtÚvkarBit EkøgR)ab;RtLb;víjnUv cIvr EkøgR)ab;RtLb;víjnUvbiNÐ)at esnasn³ Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçar eRBaHGaRs½y esckþIR)afña[)ancIvr . l . ePsC¢brikçareRcIneLIg eK eBaly:agenHfa { RbeyaCn_GVI cMeBaHsmN³ edaycIvrmantémøeRcIn smN³Kb,IerIssMBt;EdleKe)aHecalehIyGMBIéRBxøH GMBIKMnrsRmamxøH GMBIpSarxøHmkeFVICasMBt;sgÇadIRKg enaHeTIbKYr / RbeyaCn_GVIdl;smN³ edaybiNÐ)atEdlmantémøx<s; smN³ Kb,IciBa©wmCÍvítedaydMu)ayEdl )anmkedaykarBüayameTAEsVgrkbiNÐ)attammantam)an enaHeTIbKYr / RbeyaCn_GVIcMeBaHsmN³ edayesnasn³mantémøøeRcIn smN³Kb,ICa GñkenAtamKl;eQI b¤ enAkñúgGeBÖakas enaHeTIbKYr / RbeyaCn_GVIcMeBaH smN³edayKilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçarEdlmantémøeRcIn smN³Kb,IeFVI fñaMedayTwkmURts¥úy b¤ edaycMNitsm: enaHeTIbKYr } eRBaHGaRs½yehtu enaH eTIbelakEkøgRKgcIvrkxVk; Ekøgqan;biNÐ)atEdlGn; EkøgesB


157 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

esnasn³Edlcas; EkøgesBKilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçarEdlefak KhbtI TaMgLaysÁal;fa { smN³rUbenHCaGñkR)afñatic senþas s¶b; minRcbUk Rcbl;edayBYkKN³ R)arB§esckþIBüayam manRbRktIeBalnUvFm’dusxat; kiels } dUecñH rEmgnimnþelakedaycIvr .l. ePsC¢brikçaréRkElg ² eLIg elakEkøgeBaly:agenHfa { eRBaHkarRbCMuénvtßú 3 y:ag kulbutþGñk mansT§a rEmg)anbuNüeRcIn KW eRBaHkardl;RBménsT§a kulbutþGñkman sT§arEmg)anbuNüeRcIn eRBaHkardl;RBmKñaéneTyüFm’ .l. énTkçieNyü buKÁlTaMgLay kulbutþGñkmansT§a rEmg)anbuNüeRcIn sT§arbs;Gñk TaMgLaymanehIyedayBit eTyüFm’k¾manRBmehIy bdiKÁahk KW Gatµa PaBk¾manRBmehIy ebIGatµaPaBminTTYlesat dUecñaH GñkTaMgLaynwg vínascakbuNü GatµaPaBminmanesckþIR)afñaRtÚvkaredayrbs;enHeLIy EtGatµaPaBTTYledIm,IGnueRKaHGñkTaMgLayb:ueNÑaH dUecñHeRBaHGaRs½y ehtuenaH elakk¾TTYlcIvr biNÐ)at esnasn³ Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçar eRcIn ² / karEkøgeFVImuxcgcieBa©Im Ekøggakmuxecj qe)akeK[vegVgvgVan; EbbenHy:agNa enHelakehAfa kuhnvtßúEdlrab;fa EkøgbdíesF bc©½y .

kuhnvtßúTak;Tg edaykarniyaybBaäitbeBaäóg karniyay[eKPan;RcLM edayRbkarenaH ² edayvacasEmþgGMBIkar seRmc]tþrimnusSFmµ énPikçúGñkmanesckþIR)afñalamkenaH Kb,IRCabfa CakuhnvtßúEdlCakarrab;fa niyaybBaäitbeBaäóg dUcelakeBalTukfa { kñúgvtßúTaMgLayenaH kuhnvtßúEdlCakarrab;fa karniyaybBaäitbeBaäóg


158 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

etIdUcemþc ? PikçúrUbxøHkñúgsasnaenH manesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþI R)afñaRKbsgát; manbMNgcg;[eKelIksresIr k¾Kitfa { BYkCnnwgelIk sresIreyIgedayRbkary:agenH } ehIyeBalvacaGaRs½yGriyFm’ KW niyayfa PikçúNaRKgcIvrdUecñH PikçúenaHCasmNmehskç } eBalfa Pikçú NaeRbI)aRtelah³ bMBg;RtgTwk sMBt;tRmgTwk kUnesa vtßBn§ Es,k eCÍgdUecñH PikçúenaHCasmNmehskç } niyayfa { RBH]bCÄay_ RBH Gacarü PikçúrYm]bCÄay_ PikçúrYmGacarü PikçúEdlCamitþ PikçúCaekøI PikçúEdl eBjcitþKña PikçúCasMLaj;rbs;PikçúNaCay:agenH ² PikçúNaenAkñúgvihar eragEvg R)asaT pÞHRtegal KuhaEdls¶at; xÞm pÞHkMBUl b:m pÞHmUl salaEvg eragRbCMu mNÐb Kl;eQI y:agenH ² PikçúenaHCasmNmehskç } mindUecñaH eKsEmþgGakarEdlKYrex<Im minecHeGonxµas lYg eK niyaylYgjy ² ecjmuxxøÜnÉg eBalnUvBakülwbl RcbUkRcbl; lak;sac;erOg Tak;TgCamYyelakáútþrFm’ nig suBaØta ¬ Tak;TgnwgxøÜn ¦ dUcCa { smN³enH)anviharsmabtþid¾l¥it TaMgLayenH y:agenH } kar EkøgeFVImuxcgcieBa©Im eFVICagakmuxecj e)akbeBaäat[eKPan;RcLM dUecñH y:agNa enHelakehAfa kuhnvtßúEdlCakarniyaybBaäitbeBaäóg }.

kuhnvtßúTak;Tgeday\riyabf cMENk karbeBaäateKeday\riyabf EdleFVIbMNg[eKsresIr én PikçúCabuKÁlmanesckþIR)afñalamkenaHÉg Kb,IRCabfa CakuhnvtßúGaRs½y \riyabf EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;Rtas;Tukfa kuhnvtßúEdlrab;fa kMNt; b£kBaGaRs½y\riyabf dUcemþc ? PikçúrUbxøHkñúgRBHsasnaenH man esckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþIR)afñaRKbsgát; ehIymanesckþIbMNg[eK


159 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

elIksresIrKitfa { BYkCnnwgsresIreyIg edayGakary:agenH } ehIy EkøgeFVICa edk edIr Qr GgÁúy edayp©ítp©g; erobb£kBa edk edIr Qr GgÁúy eFVIdUcCaedkcUlsmabtþi edIrcUlsmabtþi QrcUlsmabtþi GgÁúy cUlsmabtþi nigCaGñkR)afñaEkøgeFVICacUlQan[eKeXIj karerobb£kBa taMgb£kBa Etgb£kBa\riyabf karEkøgeFVICacgcieBa©Im eFVICagakmuxecj beBaäateK[Pan;RcLM dUecñH y:agNa enHehAfa kuhnvtßúEdlkMNt; b£kBaGaRs½y\riyabf } . kñúg)alIénkuhnaenaH bTfa bc©yb,díesFnsgçaetn mann½y ¬ edaykuhnvtßú ¦ EdlbNÐitrYbrYmy:agenHfa karEkøgbdiesFbc©½y b¤fa bNÐiteBaledaykarEkøgbdiesFbc©½y . bTfa niyaybBaäitbeBaäóg )andl; niyayRbRCíH ¬ vtßúEdlcg;)an ¦ . bTfa \riyabf KW sMedAyk \riyabfTaMg 4 . bTfa Gdæbna ERbfa kartaMg ¬ b£kBa ¦TukCamun b¤ kartaMg ¬ b£kBa ¦ edayykcitþTukdak; . bTfa zbna KW GakarEdltaMg ¬ b£kBa ¦ . bTfa sNæbna KW karerobcMtak;Etg GFib,ayfa kareFVIPav³Edl KYrRCHføa . bTfa Pakudíka KW kareFVImuxcgcieBa©Im GFib,ayfa eFVImux RCÜj edaysEmþgPav³rbs;GñktaMgenAkñúgesckþIBüayamy:agtwgrwgbMput kareFVImuxcgcieBa©ImCaRbRktIénPikçúenaH ehtuenaHPikçúenaHeQµaHfa Pakudík ¬GñkmankareFVImuxcgcieBa©ImCaRbRktI ¦ PaBén Pakudík eQµaHfa PakudíyM ¬ PaBCaGñkmankareFVImuxcgcieBa©ImCaRbRktI ¦ . bTfa kuhna ERbfa karqe)ak / karRbRBwtþiqe)akeQµaHfa kuhayna esckþIfa cMeBaHbuKÁl Edlqe)ak eQµaHfa kuhittþM .


160 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

lbnanieTÞs karniyaybeB¢ar Kb,IRCabGtßaFib,aykñúglbnanieTÞsdUcteTA ³ karEdlPikçú)aneXIjmnusSmkkan;víhar ehIyniyayeLIg munfa { Gñkd¾ceRmIn GñkTaMgLaymkedIm,IRtÚvkarGVI nwgnimnþPikçúb¤ ebIy:agenaH GeBa¢IjRtLb;eTAvíjcuH GatµaPaBnwgnaMPikçúeTAtameRkay } dUecñH eQµaH fa Galbna ¬ saksYr ¦ / mü:ageTot kalEdlPikçúsMuxøÜncUleTAniyay rebobGUsTajeK[mkrkxøÜnfa { GatµaPaBeQµaH tisS³ RBHraCaRTg; RCHføacMeBaHGatµa raCmhamatüenaH ² k¾RCHføacMeBaHGatµa } y:agenH k¾eQµaHfa Galn)a ¬ sMuxøÜn ¦ / karEdlPikçúRtÚveKsYrehIy k¾niyaydUc Edl)aneBal ehIyenaH eQµaHfa lbna ¬ GYt ¦ / karEdlPikçúxøacm©as; pÞHs¥b;Elgniyayrk k¾niyay»nlMeTanRBm[»kaseK eQµaHfa sløbna ¬ niyayykcitþ ¦ karniyayeFVI[eKx<s;eLIg ¬ CagkMeNItedIm EdleKrs;enA ¦ fa elakkudum<IFM elakm©as;pÞHFM elakTanbtIFM } dUecñH eQµaHfa ]løbna ¬ niyayelIk ¦ / karniyayelIkkm<s;eKRKb;y:ag eQµaHfa smuløbna ¬ niyaybeBa¢ar ¦ karcg KW ruMeKedayvacafa { mñal ])ask])asikaTaMgLay kalmunkñúgeBldUecñH BYkGñk rEmg[nUv Tan\LÚvenHmin[páab¤ ? rhUtBYkeKTTYlmat;fa { elakm©©as;BYk´m©as; nwg[ ¬ dUcKña ¦ Et\LÚvenHminTan;man»kas } dUecñHCaedIm eQµaHfa ]nñhna ¬ niyaycg ¦ / mü:ageTot PikçúeXIjeKkan;GMeBAehIy sYrfa 

nvTan ³ kar[rbs;EdlplitfµI dUcCa RsÚvfµÍ EpøeQIfµÍ .


161 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

{ ])ask )anGMeBAmkBINa ? } eKeqøIyfa { BIcMkarGMeBA elakm©as; } PikçúsYrfa { GMeBAkñúgcMkarenaHEp¥mb¤eT ? } eKeqøIyfa { TMBaemIleTIbdwg elakm©as; } PikçúeTIbniyayfa { ])ask GñkcUr[GMeBAdl; ¬ Gatµa ¦ dUecñH minKYrdl;Pikçú } BaküsMdIcgrbs;Pikçú¬ niyay ¦RCúleTAdUecñH y:ag Na BaküenaHk¾eQµaHfa ]nñhna karniyaycgehIyerOy ² RKb;víFI RKb;pøÚv eQµaHfa smunñhna¬ niyaycg ¦ . bTfa ]káabna GFib,ayfa karniyay karniyaysEmþgvíFIeLIgfa { RtkUlenHdwgGatµaEtmñak; ebI eTyüFm’ekIteLIgkñúgRtkUlenH eKnwg[dl;GatµaEtmñak;Kt; } y:agenH ehAfa ]káabna ¬ karniyaycg ¦ GFib,ayfa niyaybgÁab; kñúgGFikar enH bNÐitKYreBalerOgnagetlknÞrika ¬ mksaFk³ ¦ . karniyaycgeKRKb;y:ageQµaHfa smukáabna ¬ karniyaysgát; yk ¦ / niyayerOy ² [eKRsLaj; minRtÚvsmøwgemIlfa KYrdl;sc©³ b¤ KYrdl;Fmµ³ / eQµaHfa Gnub,iyPaNita ¬ PaBCaGñkniyaybeBa¢ar kar RbRBwtþidak;xøÜn KWkarRbRBwtþidak;xøÜnTuk[Tab² eQµaHfa cadukmüta ¬bnÞab xøÜn¦PaBCaGñkdUcCasENþkes¶ar eQµaHfa muKÁsUbta dUcCasENþk kal es¶arvaeTA EtgEtmansENþkmYycMnYnminrlYy eRkABIenaHrlYyy:agNa kñúgkarniyayrbs;buKÁlNa BaküBitmanRtwmEtbnþicbnþÜc eRkABIenaH Ca BaküminBiteGcGUc ¬ TaMgGs; ¦ k¾dUecñaH buKÁlenHelakehAfa muKÁsUb ¬buKÁldUcsENþkes¶ar¦Pav³énmnusS muKÁsUb enaHeQµaHfa muKÁsUbta. PaBCabgciBa©wm eQµaHfa )ariPdüta GFib,ayfa PikçúNaemIlciBa©wm KW 

mankñúgdÍka .


162 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

EfrkSaekµgkñúgRtkUl RtwmcegáHxøH RtwmkxøH dUcCa®sþIbgciBa©wm ciBa©wmekµg kareFVIrbs;Pikçú ciBa©wmekµgenaH eQµaHfa )ariPdü / karRbRBwtþién )ariPdü eQµaHfa )ariPdüta dUecñH .

enmitþiktanieTÞs kareRbI])ayedaykayvaca Kb,IRCabGtßaFib,aykñúgenmitþiktanieTÞsteTA ³ kaykmµ nig vcIkmµ y:agNamYy EdljúaMgkarsmÁal;[dwg Cabc©½y ¬ cMeBaHxøÜn ¦ [ekItdl;GñkdéT ² eQµaHfa nimitþM ¬ karbUjmat;min niyay ¦ kalEdlPikçúeXIjeKkan;ykxaTnIy³edÍreTA k¾eFVInimitþeday n½yfa { GñkTaMgLay)anrbs;TMBaGVImk } dUecñH CaedImeQµaHfa nimitþkmµM ¬ eBalbBaäitbeBaäóg ¦karniyayTak;Tgdl;bc©½y eQµaHfa »Paesa ¬ niyayeKaH ¦ kalEdlPikçúeXIjekµgemIleKaehIysYrfa { kUneKa TaMgLay enHCakUneKaenAe)AedaH b¤ CakUneKaecHrt; } >>>> eBleKeqøIy fa { kUneKaenAe)AedaH elakm©as; } ehIyeqøót»kasniyayeKaHeday n½yfa { minEmnCakUneKaQb;e)AedaH ebICakUneKaenAe)AedaH BYkPikçúKg; )anTwkedaHRss;xøH dUecñHCaedIm Tal;EtekµgTaMgenaH RtÚveTAR)ab;mata bita[fVayTwkedaHRss;¬dl;elak¦CaGaTi eQµaHfa »PaskmµM ¬ niyay [n½y ¦ / karniyaybBaäitnUv ¬ vtßúEdlcg;)an ¦ eQµaHfa samnþCb,a ¬ niyaybBaäitbeBaäóg ¦ kñúgbTenHKYreBalerOgPikçúCÍtun ¬ mksaFk ¦>>. )anB¤fa PikçúCÍtunR)afñanwgqan;Gahar eTIbcUleTAkan;pÞH ¬ rbs; ]bdæayika ¦ ehIyGgÁúycuH ®sþIempÞHeXIjPikçúenaHehIy minR)afñanwg[


163 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

eTIbniyayfa { KµanGgár } eFVICaeTArkGgár eTAkan;pÞHrbs;buKÁlEdl Føab;sÁal;Kña PikçúcUleTAkñúgbnÞb;rkemIl RbTHkMNat;GMeBAenAkenøótTVar eXIjTwkGMeBAeBjkñúgPaCn³ eXIjRtIegotkñúgCal eXIjGgárkñúgqñaMg eXIjTwkedaHkñúgk¥m ehIyecjmkGgÁúy ®sþIempÞH ¬ RtLb; ¦mkvíj k¾Ekøg R)ab;fa min)anGgár Pikçúk¾niyayeLIgfa { ])asikaGatµaeXIjRbpñÚlmun ehIy dwgfaéf¶enHPikçanwgminseRmc } ®sþIempÞHsYrfa { RbpñÚlGVI elak m©as; } PikçúeqøIyfa { GatµaeXIjBs;Rsedog)ac;GMeBAEdlrkSaTukenA kenøótTVar Kitnwgvayva RkeLkemIleTAk¾eXIjebIkBBarRsedogRtIegot EdlrkSaTukkñúgCal GaBs;enaHRtÚvRbharedaydMufµ nig dMudIRsedogdMusár GMeBAEdlrkSaTukkñúgPaCn³ sEmþgGakareLIg eBlenaH vak¾xaMduMdIenaH eXIjcgáÚmrbs;vaRsedogGgárkñúgqñaMg eBlvaxwg ¬ k¾eXIj ¦ Twkmat;lay edayBisecjBImat;rbs;vaRsedogTwkedaHEdlTukkñúgk¥m } ®sþIempÞHenaH yl;fa minGacbeBaäatbuKÁlk,alRtegal)an eTIbfVayGMeBA ehIydaM )ayfVayRBmCamYyTwkedaH dMusárGMeBA nig RtI dUecñHÉg/ karniyaybBaäit y:agenH Kb,IRCabfa samnþCb,a ¬ niyaybBaäitbeBaäóg ¦ niyayB½T§ eTAB½T§mkedIm,I)anbc©½yenaH eQµaHfa { brikfa } ¬ niyayB½T§ ¦.

nieb,siktanieTÞs kareRbIsMdÍCaexñasekasyklaP Kb,IRCabGtßaFib,aykñúgnieb,siktanieTÞsteTA ³ bTfa Gekáasna )andl; kareCredayvtßúsRmab;eCr 10 y:ag . bTfa vmÖna )andl; niyaybgçM . bTfa Krhna )andl; niyaybgçÚc


164 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

eKedayn½yfa eKCamnusSminmansT§a CamnusSminRCHføa CaedIm . bTfa ]ekçbna KW beNþjeKedayvacafa { elakkMuniyayy:agenHkñúg TIenH } karbeNþjeK GagerOg GagehtuRKb;y:ag eQµaHfa smuekçbna ¬ karniyaybeNþjeK ¦ / mü:agvíjeTot kalEdleXIjeKmin[ehIy k¾EkøgniyaysresIreKfa { » ¡ elakTanbtI } dUecñH eQµaHfa ]ekçbna ¬ beBa¢aH ¦ / sresIrkan;EtxøaMgeLIgfa { » ¡ elak mhaTanbtI } dUecñH eQµaHfa smuekçbna . bTfa xIbna KW niyaycMGkdak;y:agenHfa { ehtuGVICÍvítrbs;GñkbriePaKbEnø } bTfa sgçibna KW niyaycMGk[ BiesséRkElgeLIgy:agenHfa { GñkTaMgLaynwgehAelakGñkenH Edl [Baküfa minman dl;CnTaMgBYgGs;kalCanic©fa minEmnCaTayk)an y:agNa } . bTfa )abna )andl; emIlgayfaeKminEmnCaTayk b¤ bgçM[eKxUcxat karniyayemIlgayeKRKb;Ebby:ag eQµaHfa sm,abna ¬ emIl gay ¦ . bTfa GvNÑharika mann½yfa karnaMesckþIvinasBIpÞH ¬ enH ¦ eTAkan;pÞH ¬ enaH ¦ / ecjBIRsúkenHeTAkan;RsúkenaH / ecjBICn bTenH eTAkan;CnbTenaH edayKitfa { eKnwg[ ¬ bc©½y ¦ dl;eyIg eRBaHxøacesckþIvínasy:agenH } . bTfa brbidæímMsikta )andl; PaBCa Gñkniyay BaküEp¥mcMeBaHmux niyayninÞaeRkayxñg esckþIenaH eRbób dUcCabuKÁlminGacts‘UcMeBaHmuxeK k¾bgçÚceKCaxageRkay eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbeQµaH fa brbidæímMsikta . Baküfa GyM vuc©ti nieb,sikta mann½yfa kiriya mankareBalBakü GaRkk;CaedIm enHenaH elakeBalfa eQµaHfa nieb,sikta eRBaH km©at;nUvesckþIl¥rbs;GñkdéT[vínaseTA hak;dUcCae)asedayGMe)as


165 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

ceRmókb£sSI / mü:ageTot eRBaHCakarCan;QøIesckþIl¥rbs;GñkdéTedIm,Irk laP dUcCakinkemÞcKn§CatiedIm,IrkkøinRkGUbdUecñaH .

laePn laPM niCíKwsntanieTÞs karEsVgrklaPedaylaP Kb,IRCabGtßaFib,aykñúgnieTÞsén laePn laPM niCíKwsnta dUc teTA ³ karEsVgrkeQµaHfa niCíKwsnta . Baküfa \eta lT§M KW )anBIpÞH enH . bTfa GmuRt KWkEnøgpÞHenaH . bTfa Édæí )andl; karcUlcitþrk . bTfa Kevdæí )andl; karRsavRCavrk . bTfa brieydæí )andl; karEsVg rk . k¾kñúgnieTÞsenH bNÐit Kb,IeBalerOgrbs;Pikçú [PikçaEdl)anmk taMgBIdMbUgdl;TarkkñúgRtkUl enaH ² ¬ ehIy)anbc©½ytbCMnYsmkvíj ¦ kñúgTIbMputk¾)anTwkedaH ¬ Ca niTsSn³ ¦ . bTfa Ésna CaedIm Caevvcn³ énBaküfa Édæí CaedImenaHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH Kb,IRCabeyaCnakñúgbT TaMgLayenHfa bTfa Édæí k¾ KW Ésna . bTfa Kevdæí k¾KW Kevsna . bTfa brieydæí KW brieysna dUecñH . esckþIEdleBalmkenH CakarGFib,ayén)abFm’TaMgLay man kuhna CaedIm . \LÚvenHKb,IRCabfa kñúgbTfa ÉvmaTInBa© )abFmµanM enaH kan;yk )abFm’CaGenkEdlRBHGgÁRtas;TukkñúgRBhµCalsURtedayn½yfa {mü:ag eTot dUcCasmNRBahµN_ d¾ceRmInBYkmYy briePaKePaCnEdlTayk fVayedaysT§aehIy rEmgciBa©wmCÍvítedaymicäaCÍv³ edaytircäanvíC¢a .


166 vísuT§imKÁ GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

tircäanvíC¢a KW GVIxøH ? tircäanvíC¢a KW ³ 1- GgÁM víC¢aniyayGMBIsrIravyv³ . 2- nimitþM víC¢asRmab;TaynUvehtuepSg ² . 3- ]b,atM víC¢aniyayGMBI]b,tþiehtu . 4- subinM víC¢asRmab;Tayyl;sbþi . 5- lkçNM víC¢asRmab;TaylkçN³ . 6- mUsikcäinñM víC¢asRmab;TaynUvsMBt;EdlkNþúrkat; . 7- GKÁiehamM víFIbUCaePøIg . 8- TBViehamM víFIbUCaEvk . dUecñHCaedIm . micäaCÍv³ EdlRbRBwtþeTAedayGMNacénkarelµIssikçabT 6 EdlRTg; bBaØtþ eRBaHGaCÍBCaehtuTaMgLayenHkþI edayGMNacén)abFm’ manCa GaTiy:agenHKW karllYg karbeBa¢ar karKMramkMEhg nig karEsVgrklaP edaylaPTaMgLayenHkþI y:agNa karevorcakmicäaCÍv³RKb;Rbkar y:ag Na enHeQµaHfa GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl dUecñHÉg . esckþIénBakü kñúgBaküfa GaCÍv)arisuT§isIlenaH mann½ydUecñH Cn TaMgLayrEmgGaRs½yvtßúenaHrs;enA ehtuenaH vtßúenaH eTIbeQµaHfa GaCÍv vtßúenaH)andl;GVI ? vtßúenaH)andl; esckþIBüayamEsVgrkbc©½y . esckþI hµt;ct; eQµaHfa )arisuT§i esckþIhµt;ct;énGaCÍv³ eQµaHfa GaCÍv)arisuT§i .


167 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

mhadÍka GMBI GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl Baküfa EdleBalTuk KW EdleBalTukkñúgxagedIm Tak;Tgeday ]eTÞs kñúgGaCÍv)arisuT§isIlenHÉg . BitehIy elakGacarübMNgnwgGFib,aybTfa { énsikçabT 6 EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;bBaØtþ eRBaHmanGaCÍv³Caehtu } dUecñH ehIy k¾sEmþgbTTaMgLayenaH edayCaRBH)alIenaHÉg eTIbepþÍmBaküfa { yani tani } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbNþabTTaMgLayenaH P¢ab;esckþIfa sikçabT 6 EdlRBHman RBHPaKRtas;Tukfa RTg;bBaØtþy:agenH . Baküfa eRBaHGaCÍv³Caehtu )andl; eRBaHkarciBa©wmCÍvítCaehtu )andl; esckþIR)afñafa { edayGakar y:agenH eyIgnwgrkciBa©wmCÍvítminlM)ak eRBaHbc©½yTaMgLay } . Baküfa eRBaHGaCÍv³CaRbFan Caevvcn³énBaküfa eRBaHGaCIv³Ca ehtuenaHÉg . Baküfa manesckþIR)afñalamk mann½yfa Rbkbeday esckþIR)afña kñúgkarelIksresIredayKuNEdlminmanrbs;buKÁllamk. Baküfa EdlesckþIR)afñaRKbsgát;ehIy mann½yfa KWCaGñkEdl esckþIR)afña jaMjIehIy RbTUsr:ayehIy b¤ RKbsgát;ehIy . bTfa GsnþM ERbfa minmanenA . bTfa GPUtM ERbfa EdlminTan; ekIteLIg . eRBaHesckþIEdlKuNenaHminekIteLIg KuNenaHeTIbminman enA ehtuenaHBaküeRkay eTIbCaBaküR)ab;ehtuénBaküdMbUg . Baküfa ]tþrimnusSFmµ KW Fm’rbs;mnusSd¾RbesIr KW bursd¾x<g;x<s; b¤


168 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

Fm’d¾RbesIréRkElg KW ]RkidæCagFm’rbs;mnusS . bTfa ]løbti esµIKñanwg ]KÁtayueka lbti ERbfa CaGñkput GayueTAehIy eBal . eRBaHfa sIlCaGayurbs;Pikçú / sIlenaHÉg rEmgvínasRBmKñakñúgeBlniyayy:agenaH rbs;PikçúenaH . eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbRTg;Rtas;fa { Gabtþi)araCíksS }. ERbesckþIfa Kb,ICaGabtþi eBalKW )araCík b¤ ERbesckþIfa karGYt Caehtu[RtÚv vÍtikám³ EdlmaneQµaHfa )araCík . 2bTfa sBa©ritM smabC¢ti mann½yfa rEmgdl;PaBCaGñknaMburs ®sþI [RsLaj;Kña / GFib,ayfa R)ab;esckþIbMNgrbs;®sþIdl;burs . P¢ab;esckþIfa { edayGMNackarelµIssikçabT 6 TaMgLayenH } ´m©as; nwgsEmþgTukenAbTeRkay . bTfa kuhnatiGaTIsu CakarelIkbTeLIgénRBH)alI EdlelIkeLIg sEmþgehIykñúgbTeRkayenaHÉg . Baküfa manRBH)alIIdUcenH )andl; RBH)alInieTÞsEdlmkehIy kñúgvíPgÁdUcteTA ³ eQµaHfa laP eRBaHGtßfa bc©½ymancIvrCaedImEdl)anmk laP TaMgLayenaHÉgEdleK[edayesckþIeKarB KW edayehtuCYyse®gÁaH eQµaHfa skáar³ . PaBCaGñkmanysl,IxÞrxÞarTUeTA eQµaHfa kitþis½BÞ . laPenaHpg skáar³enaHpg kitþis½BÞenaHpg / kñúgBaküfa GñkGaRs½y enHelaksMedAykTIGaRs½y KW tNða eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { R)afñaehIy } dUecñH . Baküfa R)afñaKuNEdlminman mann½yfa CaGñkR)afñaedIm,I[eK


169 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

elIksresIrkñúgeBlKuNmansT§aCaedImminman KW minR)akdenAkñúgxøÜn . BitehIy esckþIR)afñalamk manlkçN³elIksresIrKuNEdlmin man / nigmanlkçN³mindwgRbmaNkñúgkarTTYl . 2Baküfa RtÚvesckþI R)afñaRKbsgát; mann½yfa eQµaHfa EdlesckþIR)afñaRKbsgát;eRBaH Gtßfa RtÚvesckþIR)afñad¾lamkeFVI[eTAR)ascaksmµaGaCÍv³ . elakeBal fa { GFib,ayfa RtÚvesckþIR)afñaRbTUsr:ayehIy } eRBaHGFib,ayfa buKÁlrebobenaH CaGñkRtÚvGnþray KW GaCÍBebotebonehIy . eQµaHfa kuhnvtßú eRBaHGtßfa karkuhke)akbeBaäatenaHÉgCavtßú EdlnaM[ekIteLIgnUvbc©½y ¬ CaTItaMg[bc©½yekIteLIg ¦ elakGacarü kalnwgsEmþgkuhnvtßúTaMg 3 y:agenaH EdlmkehIykñúgnieTÞsenaH edayRBH)alIenH EdlCaTIGaRs½yénkuhnvtßúenaH dUecñHKb,IeXIjesckþI tamEdleBalmkenHy:agenH . bTfa tTtßikesSv mann½yfa GñkmanesckþIRtÚvkarcIvrCaedIm TaMgLayenaHÉg . bTfa bdíkçibenn mann½yfa eRBaHehtu KW karbdiesFn_bc©½yman cIvrCaedIm . bTfa GsS esckþIb:unKñanwg Pevyü ¬ ERbfa KYrCa ¦ . eday c s½BÞfa bdíKÁheNn c elakrYmdl;karbdiesFn_EdleBal TukB§d¾xagedImpgEdr . bTfa PieyüakmütM ERbfa PaBCaGñkRtÚvkareRcIn . bTfa yM Ca kiriyabramas/ eRBaHdUecñaH kñúgBaküfa {Faeryü}enHRbkbesckþIfa kar eFVI[CasMBt;sgÇadI ehIyRTRTg;TukenaHNa enHsmKYrcMeBaHsmN³ . bTfa )abNikani mann½yfa sMBt;EdleKe)aHecalBIhag .


170 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

bTfa nnþkani mann½yfa sMBt;bnÞHtUc ² EdlminmanCay . bTfa ]c©initVa )andl; EdleRCIserIsrYmTuk edaykarEsVgrk . Baküfa edaykareTAEsVgrk mann½yfa edayGaharEdl)anmk edaykareTAEsVgrk . brikçarénCÍvít eBalKW ePsC¢³EdlCabc©½yrbs; GñkCMgÍ eQµaHfa Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçar . Baküfa mURts¥úy enHCa eQµaHrbs;mURteKaRKb;RbePTTaMgcas;TaMgfµÍ . Baküfa mURts¥úy man n½yfa mURtEdleKe)aHecaleTAehIy KW EdlbuKÁldéTlHbg;ecal ehIy eRBaHPaBCarbs;s¥úy b¤ edaymURteKaEdls¥úy . Baküfa Ca FutvaT mann½yfa manRbRktIeBalnUvKuNCaeRKÓgkm©at;kiels dl; buKÁlTaMgLaydéT . eRBaHkarRbCMuKña mann½yfa eRBaHman enAcMeBaH mux KWfaeRBaHCaGñk)anehIy . karniyaydak;xøÜn[CítcMeBaHkarseRmcnUv]tþrimnusSFm’ eQµaHfa karniyaybBaäitbeBaäóg . Baküfa GñkmanskþiFM KWCaGñkmanGanuPaBeRcIn / GFib,ayfa eday karseRmc]tþrimnusSFm’ . elakGacarüeBalBaküfa mitþ enHCaBakü esµIKña ehIyeBalBaküenaH[epSgBIKñaeTAeTotfa { GñkCaekøInwgKña Gñk cUlcitþKña } . BitehIy mitþEdlFøab;RtwmEteXIjKña eQµaHfa CaekøI Edlrab;GanKña y:agCítsñiT§ eQµaHfa CaGñkcUlcitþKña mann½yfa mitþPPiþ . KW GñkEdl edIreTACamYyKñataMgBI 7 CMhaneTA elakehAfa { mitþPkiþ } . kEnøgenATaMgGs;EdlkMNt;edaykMEpg eQµaHfa víhar . R)asaT EvgeQµaHfa eragEvg . GacarüxøH eBalfa R)asaTmansNæandUcRKúD .


171 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

R)asaT 4 RCúg eQµaHfa R)asaT . pÞHRtegal )andl; R)asaTEdl mandMbUlRtegal . pÞHkMBUl )andl; R)asaTEdlKb,IeFVIedaycug kMBUl 2 . b:m )andl; TIGaRs½yBiess 4 - 5 Can; EdlRbkbTukedIm,I karBarGriraCsRtÚv . Baküfa eragmUl )andl; TIGaRs½yBiessman eRcInmuMrYmTukedaykMBUlEtmYy . GacarüBYkxøHeBalfa salaEvgminman bnÞb;manTVarEtmYy eQµaHfa salaEvg . cMENkGacarümYyBYkeTot eBalfa R)asaTmanmuxEvg eQµaHfa víhar . eragEvg )andl; esnasn³EdlRbk;)aMgTukEtmçag . )anB¤mkfa CBa¢aMgrbs;esnasn³ enaHx<s;mçag mçageTotTab eRBaHehtuenaH esnasn³enaH eTIbRbk;)aMg Etmçag . R)asaT )andl; R)asaT 4 RCúg TUlay . pÞHRtegal )andl; esnasn³EdlRbk;RtegalRbkbedaykMBUlRBHcn½Þ . Kuha )andl; l¥¥agPñMsuT§ ² . kEnøgsm¶at; )andl; TIEdls¶at;EdlbiTTVarTuk . pÞHkMBUl )andl; R)asaTEdlmankMBUly:agNamYy . b:m )andl; pÞHEdlmankMEpgy:agmaM CakEnøgEdlmineRbIKnøwH dMbUlRbk;eday\dæ TaMgLayy:agNa 1 . GacarüxøHeBalfa eFVIedayGakardUcb:mk¾man . eragmUl )andl; esnasn³EdleFVIedayGakarmUl . TIGaRs½yBiess RbePTNamYyeQµaHfa salaEvg / EdlelakehAfa {salarkSaxøÜn}. eragRbCMu )andl; sßanTIRbCMu . karsgát;sgáínesckþIrsab;rsl;kay nig vacaEdlminmanRbeyaCn_ eRBaHPaBCaGñkR)afñalamk EdlCaFUlIKYrex<Im eQµaHfa ekarC / ekarC enaHÉgmanenAcMeBaHPikçúenH ehtuenaHPikçúenHeQµaHfa ekarCík ¬ Gñkman


172 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

FUlIKYrexI<m ¦ KW manGakarEdlsRgÜmedaykare)akbeBaäat PikçúEdlman FUlIKYrexI<méRkElg KW BBak;BBUn ² eQµaHfa ekarCíkekarCíeka ¬ Gñk manGakarEdlKYrexI<méRkElg ¦ . GacarüxøHfa KYrregáóséRkElg . Gñk qe)akeKy:agERkElg eQµaHfa kuhkueha mann½yfa GñkeFVI[eKvegVg vgVan;y:agéRkElg . karniyaybeBa¢arykcitþeKy:agéRkElgeQµaHfa lble)a eQµaHfa GñkbeBa¢areK . Baküfa ecjmuxxøÜnÉg )andl; eRbIBaküniyayEdlRbRBwtþeTAeday PaBCaGñkmanFUlIKYrex<IméRkElgCaedIm . eFVI[buKÁldéTsresIreday RtwmEtmuxrbs;xøÜn )andl; PikçúEbbenHenaH rEmgeFVIxøÜndUcCabuKÁldéT edayPaBCaGñky:agenH eBalfa { smN³rUbenH } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa RCaleRCA CaedIm elakeBalehIyeRBaHesckþIénBaküenaH Tak;Tgeday]tþrimnusSFm’ . Baküfa eFVIedaybMNg[eKsresIr mann½yfa eFVIedaybMNg y:agenHfa { CnKb,IsresIreyIgfa CaGriy³ b¤ Gñk)anKuNvíess )an y:agNahñ+ } . Baküfa erobb£kp©ítp©g;edÍr mann½yfa erobb£kkaredIr rbs;xøÜnedayeKarBdUckaredIrrbs;GñkmanKuNvíess KW eFVIdUcCaGñkman stism,CBaسkñúgkaredIrEtmü:ag . Baküfa taMgb£k mann½yfa taMMgcitþ b¤ R)afñafa { CnTaMgLaycUrdwgfa eyIgCaRBHGrhnþ } . Baküfa eFVIdUc CacUlsmaFi mann½yfa hak;dUctaMgmaM[eKeXIjedayQansmaFi . Baküfa EkøgcUlQan mann½yfa GgÁúydUccUlsmaFikñúgTIEdlmnusS sBa©reTAmk eQµaHfa EkøgcUlQankñúgkEnøgEdlR)akdCntampøÚv .


173 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

bTfa \riyabfsgçatM EdlCakarsRgÜm\riyabf . bTfa bc©ybdíesvnsgçaetn KW edaykaresBbc©½yEdlbNÐit eBalTuky:agenHfa karesBbc©½yEdlxøÜneFVI[ekIteLIgeday])aymin l¥ / b¤edaykaresBbc©½yEdlnwgKb,IeBalTuk Kb,IR)ab;enaH . kareBal kñúgTICítxøÜneFVIdUcCaTIdéT eQµaHfa xSwbkñúgTICít . elakeBalfa Gdæbna eRBaH rsS³ { Ga } GkSr ecj . karqe)ak eQµaHfa kuh / kardl; KW karRbRBwtþieTAénkarqe)akenaH eQµaHfa kuhayna / b¤ kareTA Kti kar eFVIrbs;buKÁlEdl ¬ kuhk ¦ qe)ak eQµaHfa kuhayna . eQµaHfa kuhieta KW Gñkkuhk eRBaHGtßfa rEmgqe)ak b¤ eTAehIyedaykar qe)ak. Baküfa PikçúRtÚveKsYr )andl;PikçúEdlRtÚveKsYrehIyfa {nrNa KW tisS³ } / {nrNaEdlRBHraCabUCaehIy} . Baküfa eFVI[eKx<g;x<s; )andl; elIkeLIg KW pÁgTukedayGakar manPaBdl;RBmedaysm,tþiCaedIm . Baküfa niyaycg mann½yfa kar cg KW sm<n§ehIyerOy ² . )anB¤fa Pikçú 2 GgÁcUleTAkan;pÞH mYyGgÁúy elIGasn³ ehIyk¾ehAkumarikamñak;mk / eBlenaHkumarikaenaHmkehIy / kñúgbNþaPikçú 2 GgÁenaH PikçúmYyGgÁ epþÍmsYrPikçúmYyGgÁeTotfa { elak d¾ceRmInnagkumarikaenHCaFItarbs;GñkNa } . Pikçú { EdlRtÚvsYr } eTIb epþÍmerOgeLIgfa { CaFItarbs;nag etlknÞrika ]bdæakrbs;´ / mata rbs;nagTarikaenH eBlEdl´eTApÞH kal[sb,i ¬ TwkedaHføa ¦ k¾[TaMg qñaMgEtmþg / sUm,ITarikaenHk¾[TaMgqñaMgdUcKñanwgmata¬ rbs;eK ¦ } . eTIb eBalfa { etlknÞrikvtßú ectß vtþBVM } ¬ k¾kñúgerOgenH bNÐitKb,IeBal erOgnagetlknÞrika mksaFk³ ¦ elaksMedAykerOgenH .


174 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

Baküfa b¤KYrdl;Fmµ mann½yfa b¤ smKYrdl;BakülµmRbmaN . BitehIy BakülµmRbmaN elakehAfa {Fm’} dUcEdlelakeBal Tukfa { suPasitM ]tþmmahu senþa FmµM PeN naFmµM tM Tutiynþi } ¬ sb,úrsTaMgLayeBalBaküCasuPasitfa CaBaküd¾x<g;x<s; buuKÁlKb,I eBalBaküEdlCaFm’ minKb,IeBalBaküEdlminEmnCaFm’ enaHCaKRmb; 2 ¦ . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalcMeBaHkarniyayeRcInfa CakarrG‘UrTaM revÍrvay / mü:ageTot vacasuPasitEdlecjBIBaküstü Kb,IRCabfa eQµaHfa { Fm’ } . buKÁlEdlmankareFVIdUcCasENþkes¶ar eQµaHfa muKÁsUb { GñkdUcCasENþkes¶ar } . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { GyM buKÁela muKÁsue)ati vuc©ti } buKÁlenHÉgelakehAfa muKÁsUb ¬ mnusSdUcsENþkes¶ar ¦ . kargarrbs;buKÁlGñkTTYlciBa©wmekµg eQµaHfa )ariPdüM / )ariPdüM enaHÉgCa )ariPdüta . PikçúGñkRbRBwtþehIyedaynimitþ / mü:ageTot GñkeFVIkarbUjmat; min niyayedIm,IciBa©wmCÍvít eQµaHfa enmitþieka Pav³énbuKÁlGñkeFVIkarbUjmat; edIm,IciBa©wmCÍvítenaH eQµaHfa enmitþikta . karRbkasnUvesckþIRtÚvkarrbs;xøÜneQµaHfa »Pas ¬niyay[n½y¦ . sYrfa »Pas enaHKWGVI ? eqøIyfa eBalTak;Tgdl;bc©½y manBaküfa { éf¶enHBYkPikçúrkbc©½y )any:aglM)ak } dUecñHCaedIm . karniyaybBaäitbeBaäógdl;vtßúEdlxøÜn R)afña eQµaHfa samnþCb,n ¬ niyaybBaäitbeBaäóg ¦ . karpþasaedayGekáasvtßú 10 edayKitfa buKÁlnwgKb,I[ eRBaHxøac


175 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

pþasak¾man . BaküsmþImankarniyaybgçMCaedImk¾dUcKña . karniyay bgçM )andl; karniyayebIkecjeTAxageRkAcakesckþI cMeBaH])askCa TaykCaedIm . karniyaycMGkcMGn; eQµaHfa xibna . BaküniyaycMGkcMGn;enaH Ca BaküeBalesIccMGn; eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { ]b¢NÐna } dUecñH . karniyayfa eKminEmnCaTayk b¤karniyaybgçM[xUcxat eQµaHfa )abna . GñkmanRbRktIkat;sac;suIeRkayxñgrbs;GñkdéT eQµaHfa brbidæímMsieka ¬ GñkninÞaeRkayxñg ¦ / Pav³én brbidæímMsieka enaHÉg eQµaHfa brbidæímMsikta . bTfa GBÖgÁM ERbfa Tmøay ¬ karkat;bnßyesckþIl¥rbs;GñkdéT ¦ . Baküfa dUcCakinKn§CatirkkøinRkGUb mann½yfa bNÐitKb,IIeXIjfa kar)anbc©½yEdlminTan;)anedaykarkinkemÞc / kñúgeBlminTan;)ankin kemÞcnUvKuN KW esckþIl¥rbs;GñkdéT k¾dUcCakar)annUvkøinRkGUbEdlenA minTan;)anedaykarkin / kñúgeBlminTan;)ankøinRkGUb ¬ mann½yfa edIm,I nwgrkkøinRkGUbRtÚvkinbMEbkrbs;RkGUb eTIbnwg)ankøinRkGUb / bc©½yk¾ TMngdUcKña ¦ . esckþIRtÚvkaredIm,Inwgekag KW edIm,IyklaPtUcbeBaäat[)anlaPFM ehIykan;yk enaHeQµaHfa niCíKwsn Pav³én niCíKwsn enaHeQµaHfa niCíKwsnta )andl; GakarénkarRbRBwtþieTAénesckþIR)afñaenaH ² Ég b¤ )andl; kareFVIkarEsVgrkEdlekItrYmCamYyGakarenaH . Baküfa GgÁM kar dwgEdlRbRBwtþcMeBaHGvyv³ manéd nig eCÍgCaedIm . bTfa nimitþM )an


176 mhadÍka GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl

dl; enmitþsa®sþ ¬ víC¢aTayRbpñÚl ¦. bTfa ]b,atM )andl; man ]káa)at ePøIgeqHéRBRKb;Tis nigrBa¢ÜyEpndICaedIm . bTfa subinM KW sa®sþ . bTfa lkçNM KW víC¢aemIllkçN³rbs;®sþI - burs . bTfa mUsikcäinM KW víC¢aTMnayfa enAeBlkNþúrkat;sMBt;Rtg;kEnøgenaHénsMBt; CaedIm nwgmanpleQµaHenH . víFIbUCaePøIg KW karbUCaePøIgfa eBlbUCa ePøIgeQµaHenH kñúgbNþaePøIg manePøIgcMebIgCaedIm nwgmanpleQµaHenH eQµaHfa GKÁieham ¬ víFIbUCaePøÍg ¦ . Kb,IRCabfa víFIbgVilEpSgk¾mann½y dUcKña . eday GaTi s½BÞ Kb,IRCabfa elakse®gÁaHykePøÍgGgáamCaedIm RBm TaMgse®gÁaHmicäaCÍBepSg ² EdlmkkñúgRBHsURt . eRBaHGaCÍv)arisuT§isIl manesckþIBüayamCaeRKÓgeFVI[seRmc eTIb elakeBalfa {esckþIBüayamkñúgkarEsVgrkbc©½y} dUecñH . esckþIbrisuT§i énGaCÍv³enaH CaesckþIBüayamrkeTasmin)an Edl Caehtu[mankar)anbc©½yedayFm’Canic© . eRBaHbuKÁlx¢ilRcGUsmin GacEsVgrkbc©½yedayRtwmRtÚv)aneLIy . ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦ ¬ cb; GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl ¦

>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>


177 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

bc©ysnñisSitsIl karbriePaKbc½©y4 EdlbrisuT§edaykarBicarNaEdlRBHsasþaRtas; Tukedayn½yfa { PikçúBicarNaeday])ayénbBaØaehIy esBnUvcIvr fa RtwmEtedIm,IbM)at;nUvPaBrga } dUecñHCaedIm . enHeQµaHfa bc©ysnñisSitsIl .

mhadÍka esckþIbrisuT§i KW minesAhµgedaykarBicarNa KW bc©evkçN³ eQµaH fa bdísgçanbrisuT§i ¬ brisuT§edaykarBicarNa ¦ . sPav³eQµaHfa ctub,c©ybriePaeKa eRBaHGtßfa CaehtubriePaK bc©½y 4 )andl; ectnaEdlrkeTasmin)an EdlRbRBwtþeTAehIyeday RbkarenaH ² . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦

BN’na bc©ysnñisSitsIl cMENkbc©ysnñisSitsIl EdleBalTukkñúglMdab;énGaCÍv)arisuT§isIl enaH Kb,IRCabGtßaFib,aykñúgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenaHdUcteTAenH ³

cIvr Baküfa BicarNaeday])ayénbBaØa mann½yfa BicarNa KW dwg smøwgeday])ay KW eday ¬ RtÚv ¦ pøÚv / EmnBit karsmøwgEdleBalTuk


178 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

edayn½yfa edIm,IbM)at;PaBrgaCaedImenaHÉg bNÐitKb,IRCabfa eQµaH fa BicarNaeday])ayénbBaØa kñúgTIenH . kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTfa cIvr )andl; bNþasMBt;man GnþrvaskCaedIm pÞaMgNamYy . bTfa esB cMeBaH KW eRbIR)as; )andl; esøók b¤ dNþb; . Baküfa yaveTv CaBakü niymkMNt;EdnénRbeyaCn_ BitehIy RbeyaCn_kñúgkareRbIcIvrrbs;RBH eyaKI k¾manb:ueNÑHÉg enaHKWGVI ? KW RbeyaCn_ edIm,IbM)at;PaBrgaCaedIm minhYsBIenHeT . Baküfa PaBrga )andl; PaBrgaEdlekIteLIgedayGMNackar keRmIkénFatuxagkñúgkþI edayGMNackarERbRbÜlénrdUvxageRkAkþI y:ag NamYy . bTfa bdíXatay ERbfa edIm,IbM)at; KW edIm,IbenÞabg;nUvPaBrgaenaH EdleFVI[vaminGacjúaMgGaBaF[ekIteLIgkñúgsrIr³)an eRBaHfa eBlsrIr³ RtÚvrgaebotebonehIy Pikçúmancitþrsab;rsl; minGactaMgesckþIBüayam edayRbéB)an eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;GnuBaØatþfa Kb,I eRbIcIvredIm,IbM)at;PaBrga)an n½yenH Kb,IRCabRbeyaCn_d¾essTaMg BYg eRBaHkñúgGFikarenH)aneBalTukGs;eCÍgehIy . bTfa PaBekþA KW PaBekþAénePøÍg bNÐitKb,IRCabEdnekIténPaBekþAenaH eRBaHePøIgéRB CaedIm . cMENkkñúgRbCMubTfa DMsmksvatatbsirwsbsmösSanM enaHKb,I RCabGtßaFib,aydUcteTAenH ³ bTfa DMsa ERbfa stVre)am GacarüxøHfa stVruyk,alexov k¾man . bTfa mksa ERbfa stVmUsenaHÉg .


179 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

bTfa vata )andl; xül;TaMgLay manxül;layePøóg nig xül;min layePøógCaedIm . bTfa Gate)a KW kemþAéf¶ . stVEdllUneTARKb; RbePT eQµaHfa sirwsb )andl; CMBUkstVEdlmanxøÜnEvg manBs; CaedIm smösSrbs;stVTaMgLay enaHman 2 y:agKW smösSedaykarxaM 1 smösSedaykarBal;RtÚv 1 / smösS 2 y:agenaH minGacebotebon PikçúEdlGgÁúyhu‘McIvr)aneT eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTIdUecñaH eTIbPikçúesBcIvr edIm,ICaRbeyaCn_dl;karkarBarsmösSTaMgLay kareBalBaküfa yaveTv enHeTot k¾edIm,IsEmþgnUvkarkMNt;EdnénRbeyaCn_ BitehIykar biT)aMgGvyv³EdljúaMgesckþIxµaseGon[keRmIk CaRbeyaCn_RbcaM RbeyaCn_eRkABIenH KW manmþgmáal b:ueNÑaH . Baküfa hiriekabinM kñúgbTfa hiriekabinb,dícäaTntßM enaHsMedAyk TIceg¥ótenaH ² BitehIy eBlGvyv³Na ² EdlbuKÁlebIkecj kar eGonxµasrEmgkeRmIk KW rEmgvínas Gvyv³enaH elakehAfa hiriekabin eRBaHCaehtujúaMgkareGonxµas[keRmIk esckþIénbTenaHfa edIm,IbiT)aMg nUvGvyv³ hiriekabin enaHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH ¬ )az³eTIbKYr ¦ hiriekabinb,dícäaTntßM ¬ Et ¦ )az³fa hiriekabin bdícäaTntßM k¾man .

biNÐ)at bTfa biNÐ)at )andl; Gahary:agNamYy k¾Gahary:agNamYy elakehAfa biNÐ)at eRBaHGaharenaHFøak;cuHkñúg)aRtrbs;Pikçúeday karPikçacar / mü:ageTot karFøak;cuHéndMu)ayTaMgLay GFib,ayfa karRbCMu karrYmKñaénPikçaTaMgLayEdlPikçú)anehIykñúgTIenaH²eQµaHfa biNÐ)at.


180 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

bTfa env Tvay KW edIm,I { Tv }GFib,ayfa R)afñanwgelgdUcCa TarkTaMgLay manKamTarkCaedImk¾eT . bTfa n mTay KWedIm,I {mT } GFib,ayfa R)afñakarRsvågkñúgkmøaMgkay nig R)afñakarRsvågkñúgPaBCa burs dUcCaBYkGñkRbdal;CaedIm k¾eT . bTfa n mNÐnay KW edIm,I { mNÐn } GFib,ayfa R)afñaPav³ KW kareFVIGvyv³tUcFM [FMFat; dUcCa RsIsñM nig ®sIþeBsüa CaedImk¾eT . bTfa n víPUsnay KW edIm,I { víPUsn } GFib,ayfa R)afñaPaBman BN’sm,úrpUrpg; dUcCatYelçan nig Gñkr)aMCaedImk¾eT . mü:ageTot bNÐitKb,IRCabfa kñúg 4 bTenaH bTfa env Tvay enaH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;Rtas;edIm,IlHnUv]bnisS½yénemah³ . bTfa n mTay enaH Rtas;edIm,IlHnUv]bnisS½yéneTas³ . 2bTfa n mNÐnay n víPUsnay enaH Rtas;edIm,IlHbg;nUv]bnisS½yénraK³ . mü:ageTot 2bTfa env Tvay n mTay enH Rtas;edIm,IkarBarkar ekIteLIgénsMeyaCn³rbs;xøÜn . 2bTfa n mNÐnay n víPUsnay enH Rtas;edIm,IkarBar karekIteLIgénsMeyaCn³rbs;GñkdéTpg mü:ageTot karlHGeyaniesabdibtþi nig kamsuxløikanueyaeKa k¾RTg;Rtas;edaybT TaMg 4 enaHpgédr . bTfa yaveTv manGFib,aydUceBalehIyenaHÉg . bTfa \msS kaysS KW énrUbkayEdlRbkbedaymhaPUtrUb 4 enH . bTfa zítiya edIm,IkartaMgenAteTA . bTfa yabnay KW edIm,Ikarmindac;ExSénkar RbRBwtþi b¤ edIm,IkartaMgenAGs;kalyUr BitehIy PikçúenHrEmgesB biNÐ)atedIm,IkartaMgenAénkay nig edIm,IkarRbRBwtþieTA)an dUcCam©as;én


181 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

pÞHEdlcas; Tl;pÞH nig dUcCaQµÜjreTHbnþk; ¬ eRbg ¦ ePøAreTHdUecñaH minEmnedIm,Ielg / edIm,IRsvwg edIm,ItubEtg nig edIm,IceRmInsm,úrk¾eT / mü:ageTot Kb,IRCabfa Baküfa zíti enH CaeQµaHrbs;CÍvíti®nÞIy_ eRBaH ehtuenaH edayBaküfa \msS kaysS zítiya yabnay Rtwm b:ueNÑH eTIbmanBaküGFib,ayfa { edIm,IjúaMgCÍvíti®nIÞy_énkayenH [ RbRBwtþeTA } dUecñHk¾)an . bTfa víhwsubrtiya manvínicä½yfa kar eRskXøan eQµaHfa víhwsa eRBaHGtßfa eFVI[QW / BitehIy PikçúenHesB biNÐ)atedIm,IrMgab;kareRskXøanenaH dUcCabuKÁllabfñaMdMe)A rkSadMe)A nig mnusSQW enAeBlekItGakarekþA nig rgaCaedIm k¾elbfñaMBüa)al GakarenaH dUecñaH . bTfa RBhµcriyanuKÁhay KW edIm,IGnueRKaHsasnRBhµcriy³TaMg mUl ¬ EdlekItman ¦ eRBaHkaresBbiNÐ)atCabc©½y / bdibtþiedIm,IqøgpøÚv knþar edaykarRbkberOy ² kñúgsikça 3 eQµaHfa rEmgesB ¬ biNÐ)at ¦ edIm,IGnueRKaHRBhµcriy³ dUcCa ¬ KUrPriyasVamI ¦ manesckþIRtÚvkarqøgpøÜv knþar ¬ bgçMcitþ ¦ briePaK sac;kUnÉg dUcbuKÁlRtÚvkarqøgTenøGaRs½yk,Ún nig dUcCabuKÁl RtÚvkarqøgsmuRTGaRs½yTUkdUecñaH . esckþIfa \ti buraNBa© evTnM bdíhgçami nvBa© evTnM n ]b,aeTsSami manGFib,ay fa { PikçúKitfa edayRbkarenH KW edaykaresBbiNÐ)atenH eyIgnwg km©at;evTna KW kareRskXøancas;ecjpgnigminjúaMgevTnafµÍEdlmankar briePaKelIsRbmaNCabc©½y[ekIteLIgpg dUcCaRBahµN_Gahrtßk³ / RBahµN_GlgSadk³ / RBahµN_ttßvdþk³ / RBahµN_kakmask³ / RBahµN_Putþvmitk³ NamYydUecñH ehIyesB ¬ biNÐ)at ¦ dUcCabuKÁlEdl


182 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

QW esBePsC¢³dUecñH } enHn½ymü:ag . n½ymü:ageTot Kb,IRCab GtßaFib,aykñúgesckþIenHfa { evTnaNaEdlelakehAfa evTnacas; eRBaHGaRs½ykarbriePaKrbs;minCasb,ay nig briePaKhYsRbmaNkñúg bc©úb,nñ ekIteLIgedaykmµcas;Cabc©½y eyIgeBlEdljúaMgbc©½yén evTnacas;[s¶b;eTAehIy edaykarbriePaKnUvrbs;CaTIsb,ay nig briePaKlµmRbmaN eQµaHfa rEmgkm©at;evTnacas;enaHecj)an nig evTnaEdlehAfa evTnafµÍ eRBaHGaRs½ykmµ KW karbriePaKminRbéBEdl xøÜneFVIkñúgeBl\LÚvenH [ekIteLIgteTA eyIgkalebImin[mUlénevTnafµÍ enaHekIteLIgedayGMNacénkarbriePaKl¥ eQµaHfa nwgminjúaMgevTnafµÍ enaH[ekIteLIgpg } dUecñHk¾)an . Ékarkan;yknUvkarbriePaKl¥ karlHGtþkilmfanueyaK nig karmin lHesckþIsuxEdlRbkbedayFm’ ¬ 3RbkarenH ¦ Kb,IRCabfa RTg;sEmþg RKb;ehIyeday)az³Rtwm 2 RbkarenH . bTfa yaRta c em PvísSti mann½yfa PikçúKitfa { edaykar briePaKlµmRbmaN karRbRBwtþieTA eBalKW kareFVIdMeNIreTAGs;kalyUr eRBaHkarminmanGnþrayEdlnwgcUlmkkat;pþac;nUvCÍvíti®nÞIy_ b¤ nwgfycuH nUv\riyabfnwgmandl;eyIg/mü:ageTot nwgmandl;ragkayrbs;eyIgEdl mankarRbRBwtþieTATak;Tgdl;bc©½yenHpgEdr dUecñHehIyesB¬ biNÐ)at ¦ dUcCabuKÁlmaneraKruaMér: eRbIfñaMBüa)aleraKenaHdUecñaH . 2bTfa GnvC¢ta c pasuvíhaera c mann½yfa PikçúKitfa { karrk eTasmin)an nwgmandl;eyIgedayevorcakkarEsVgrkkarTTYl nig kar briePaKEdlminl¥ecjnigkarenACasuxnwgmandl;eyIg edaykarbriePaK lµmRbmaN } dUecñH . n½ymü:ageTotfa { karrkeTasmin)an eRBaHmin


183 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

maneTasepSg² dUcCakareRtkGrnwgkam karx¢ilRcGUs karTRmn; kar EdlRtÚvGñkR)aCJtiHedolCaedIm eRBaHbriePaKnUvrbs;;minCaTIsb,ay nig briePaKhYsRbmaNCabc©½y nwgmandl;eyIg ÉPaBCasuxEdlmanrag kaymaMmYn eRBaHbriePaKGaharCasb,ay nig briePaKlµmRbmaNCa bc©½ynwgmandl;eyIg } dUecñHxøH / n½ymü:ageTot { karminmaneTas edaykarlHsuxkñúgkaredk suxkñúgkarBt;xñg suxkñúgkarlk;ecj)an nwg mandl;eyIg edaykarevorcakkarbriePaKGahartamEdlRtÚvkar rhUt eBjépÞ nig manesckþIsuxeday\riyabf 4 dMeNIreTAsmRbkbnwgman dl;eyIgedaykarbriePaKGahar[xVH 4-5 dMu dUecñH ehIyesB¬biNÐ)at¦ smdUcBaküRbB½n§eBalTukfa ³ eyaKavcr PikçúKb,IQb;briePaK ¬ munnwgEq¥t ¦ 4 - 5 dMu ehIypåkTwk karbriePaKRtwmb:ueNÑH k¾lµmehIy edIm,IkarenACasuxénPikçúEdlmanxøÜn bBa¢ÚneTAehIy ¬ KW minGal½ykñúgrUbkay nigCÍvít ¦ dUecñH . karkMNt;kan;ykRbeyaCn_ nigx>bdibtþiCakNþal Kb,IRCabeday RTg;sEmþgehIyeday)az³Rtwm 3 bTenH ¬ manbTfa yaRta CaGaTi ¦ .

esnasn³ bTfa esnasn sMedAykTaMgTIedk nig TIGgÁúy PikçúedkkñúgTINa ² nigCavíhar b¤ eragepSg ² manranhalCaedIm k¾eday TIenaH ² eQµaH fa esnasn³ PikçúrEmgGgÁúysMrakenAkñúgTINa ² ¬ dUceBalehIy ¦ TI enaH ² eQµaHfa Gasn rYmBIrBaküenaHcUlKñaehAfa { esnasn³ } . 2bTfa ]tubrisSyvíenaTnM bdísløanaramtßM GFib,ayfa { rdUv enaHÉg eQµaH ]tubrisS ¬ GnþrayKW rdUv ¦eRBaHGtßfa ebotebon} esckþI


184 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

én2bTenaHfa {edIm,IbenÞabg;]tubrisSypg edIm,IrIkraykñúgkarBYnsm¶M } manBaküBRgIkesckþIfa { rdUvNaminCasb,ay eFVI[srIr³manGaBaF nig karrsab;rsl;éncitþ CavtßúEdlKb,IbenÞabg;ecj)an edaykaresBnUv esnasn³edIm,IbenÞabg;rdUvenaH nigedIm,IÉkiyPavsuxpg } BitehIy kar benÞabg;nUv]tubrisSy k¾RTg;)anRtas;TukehIy eday)alIxagedIm man Baküfa { sItsS bdíXatay } CaGaTienaH sUm,IBit dUecñaH Kb,IRCabfa RTg;Rtas;BaküenHTukkñúgeBleRkayeTot / ¬ eday ¦ RTg;bMNg ¬ [RCab fa ¦ karbenÞabg;]tubrisSy CaRbeyaCn_RbcaM dUcBaküeBalTukehIykñúg eBlesBcIvrfa { karbiT)aMgGvyv³EdljúaMgesckþIxµaseGon[keRmIk CaRbeyaCn_RbcaM RbeyaCn_eRkABIenHrEmgmanmþgmáal } dUecñH . n½ymü:ageTot rdUvmanRbkardUceBalmkenH Kg;Ca]tu ¬mYycMENk ¦ cMENkbrisSy ¬ CacMENkmYyeTot ¦ man 2 y:ag KW )akdbrisSy GnþrayebIkbgðaj 1 / bdícäcnä ñbrisSy GnþraybiT)aMg 1 kñúgGnþray 2 y:agenaH ³ GnþrayebIkbgðaj )andl; stVsahavTaMgLay mansIh³ nig xøaCaedIm . GnþraybiT)aMg )andl; kielsTaMgLaymanraK³ nig eTas³CaedIm GnþrayTaMgLayenaHÉg rEmgeFVIesckþIGaBaF[ ehtu eRBaHminman kEnøgkarBarxøÜnkþI / ehtu ¬ smøwgemIleTA ¦ eXIjrUbEdlCaGsb,ay CaedImkþImin)an / kñúgesnasn³Na Pikçúkaldwgy:agenaHehIy BicarNa esBnUvesnasn³enaH Kb,IRCabfa eQµaHfa { BicarNaedaybBaØaehIy esBnUvesnasn³ . l . edIm,IbenÞabg;rdUv nig Gnþray } dUecñH .


185 vísuT§imKÁ bc©ysnñisiStsIl

Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçar kñúgbTfa Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçarM enH manvínicä½yfa ePsC¢³ eQµaHfa bc©½y eRBaHGtßfaCaeRKÓgRbqaMgnwgeraK manesckþIfa CafñaM Büa)aleraK Baküfa bc©½yenH yenH CaeQµaHrbs;ePsC¢³EdlCasb,ayy:ag NamYy EdleQµaHfa ePsC¢³ eRBaHehtufa CavtßúEdleBTüKb,IeFVI¬eRtóm¦ eRBaHCavtßúEdleBTüpþl;[ ePsC¢³ KWCabc©½yénGñkCMgÅ eQµaHfa Kilanb,c©yePsC¢³ sMedAdl;vtßúEdleBTüeFVI Casb,aycMeBaHGñkCMgÅ y:agNa mYy dUcCaeRbg TwkXMµú TwkGMeBACaedIm . brivar ¬ eRKÓgecameram ¦ RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa brikçar kñúg)alIfa { RBHnKrCasßanEdleKB½T§l¥ehIy edaynKrbrikçar 7 } CaedIm/ Glgáar ¬ eRKÓgRbdab; ¦ k¾Rtas;fa brikçar kñúg)alIfa { rf mansIlCabrikçar manQanCaePøA manesckþIBüayamCakg; } CaedIm / smÖar³ ¬ eRKÓgRT ¦ k¾Rtas;fa brikçar kñúg)alImanfa { CÍvítbrikçarTaMgLayenH y:agNamYy bBVCítrk)anedayRbéB } CaedIm / kñúgbTfa Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçar enH rEmgKYrTaMgsmÖar³ TaMgbrikçar / BitehIy Kilanb,c©yePsC¢³enaH eQµaHfa CaeRKÓgkarBarCÍvítk¾)an eRBaHCaeRKÓgrkSa ¬ CÍvít ¦ min[cUl dl;GaBaFEdlnwgeFVICÍvít[vínas ekIteLIg)an eQµaHfa CaeRKÓgKaMRT CÍvítk¾)an eRBaHCaeRKÓgbNþalCÍvít[yWnyUr eRBaHdUecñaH Kilanb,c©yePsC¢³enaH eTIbRTg;Rtas;ehAfa { brikçar } . dUecñH ¬ bTenHeTIbeFVIvíeRKaH)anfa ¦ Kilanb,c©yePsC¢Ba© tM brikçaera cati Kilanb,c©yePsC¢brikçaera ¬ brikçar KW ePsC¢³EdlCa fñaMBüa)aleraKénGñkCMgÅ ¦ esckþIén)az³enaHfa >>>nUvKilanb,c©yePsC¢-


186 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

brikçarenaH GFib,ayfa { nUveRKÓgTMnukbRmúgénCÍvít maneRbg TwkXMµú TwkGMeBACaedIm EdleBTüpþl;[CaTIsb,ayénGñkCMgÅ y:agNamYy } . bTfa ]b,nñanM ERbfa ekItehIy manehIy bgáeLIgehIy / kñúgbT fa evyüaBaFikanM enH karkeRmIkénFatu eQµaHfa GaBaF cMENkeraK epSg ² maneraKXøg; bUs nig CMgÅBgEbkCaedIm EdlmankarkeRmIkén FatuenaHCasmudæan eQµaHfa evyüaBaFik eRBaHekItBIGaBaF . bTfa evTna )andl; TukçevTna KW evTnaEdlCavi)akrbs;Gkusl KW ¬ edIm,IbM)at;ecj ¦ nUvevTnaTak;TgedayeraK EdlekItBIGaBaFTaMgLay enaH . bTfa GBüabCÄbrmtay mann½yfa edIm,IesckþIminmanTukçEt mü:ag GFib,ayfa RtwmEtTukçenaHvínasGs;eTA . sIl EdlmankarBicarNaedaybBaØaCamun ehIyeTIbbriePaK bc©½yCaeRkay lkçN³enH bNÐitKb,IRCabfa bc©ysnñisSitsIl edaysegçb edayRbkardUecñH / cMENkGtßénBakü kñúgBaküfa bc©ysnñisSitsIl enH Kb,IRCabdUecñH k¾eRKÓgGaRs½ymancIvrCaedIm elak ehAfa bc©½y eRBaHCaTIEdlstVTaMgLayGaRs½y KW eRbI briePaK eTIb RbRBwtþeTA)an KW eTIbrs;enA)an mann½yfa eTIbRbRBwtþeTA)an sIlenH GaRs½ybc©½yTaMgLayenaH eRBaHehtuenaHeTIbeQµaHfa bc©ysnñisSit.

mhadÍka BN’na bc©ysnñisSitsIl s½BÞfa bdísgça enHCanieTÞsedaylb; { y } GkSr dUckñúgBakü


187 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

BaküCaedImfa { syM GPiBaØa } . elakGacarükalnwgsEmþg fa eyaniesa s½BÞ kñúgBaküfa eyaniesa enH manGtßfa ])ay eTIbeBal fa {eday])ayKWedayRtÚvpøÚv} . elakGacarüeBalfa { BicarNaehIy KW dågehIy } dUecñHehIy eTIbeBalfa { esckþIfa BicarNaehIy } dUecñHCaedIm k¾edIm,IsEmþgfa karBicarNaenHenaH )andl; bc©evkçNBaØaN . dUcCa Baküfa bc©evkçitVa mann½yfa eXIjcMeBaH RbeyaCn_enaH ² mankarkarBarPaBrgaCaedIm / GFib,ayfa eXIjedayjaN y:agNa / Baküfa bdísgçay k¾dUecñaH mann½yfa BicarNacMeBaH ² ehIynUv RbeyaCn_enaH ² Ég / GFib,ayfa dwgehIy eRBaH sgça s½BÞkñúgTIenH CabriyayénjaNenaHÉg . EtkñúgTIenH GacarümYyBYkeToteBalTuk fa Baküfa { bdísgça eyaniesa } CaedIm elakeBaledaykalEdl briePaKbc©½yedayBit sUm,IdUecñaH bc©ysnñisSitsIlnwgbrisuT§)an k¾ edaykarBicarNaTak;TgedayPaBCaFatu b¤ Tak;TgedayPaBCarbs; bdikUl . GacarüBYkxøHeBalfa bc©ysnñisSitsIl rEmgEbkFøay . Et GacarümYyBYkeToteBalfa kMNt;TukmunEtmü:ag/ bNÐitKb,IBicarNacuH. elakGacarüeBalfa { kñúgbNþasMBt;Gnþrvask³ sMBt;RbePT NamYy } edaybMNgykfa { cIvr } CaÉkvcn³ R)ab;RtwmEtmYy . Baküfa cIvrM kñúgRBH)alICaÉkvcn³ eRBaHBaküenaHCas½BÞeBal dl;Cati ¬ KWRbePT ¦ dUecñHeTIbGacR)ab;)anfa RBHeyaKWKb,IrkSacIvreday manRbmaNRtwmNa RTg;kan;ykcIvr manRbmaNb:ueNÑaH TaMgGs;enaH TukCamYyKña / mü:agvijeTot Baküfa RbePTNamYy enHCakarkMNt;kan;


188 mhadIka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

ykminmancMENksl; / minEmnCaBaküGniym . cMENkkarkMNt;fa { RKg b¤ XøúM } dUecñH CakarsEmþgdl;kareRbIR)as;EdlCabriyay énkaresBcMeBaH ¬ nUvcIvr ¦ Kb,IeXIjfa RTg;bBaØtþdl;karbriePaKenaH edayRbkardUecñH ehIyeTIbse®gÁaHdl;kareRbIR)as; sUm,ITak;TgCa mYykareFVI CaTIedk TIGgÁúy nig karRbk;)aMgedaysMBt;CaedIm . EdnénRbeyaCn_TaMgLay eQµaHfa beyaCnavFi karniymTak;Tg edaykarkMNt;EdnénRbeyaCn_enaHy:agNa / karR)ab;dl;karniym enaH eQµaHfa CaBaküniymkMNt;EdnénRbeyaCn_ . \LÚvenH edIm,InwgGFib,aykarkMNt;enaH[c,as; eTIbeBalBakü CaedImfa { manb:ueNÑHenaHÉg } dUecñH . eday GvFarN s½BÞ kñúgbTfa { Étþkemv hi } CaedImenaH RTg; hamkareRbIR)as;sMBt;Tak;TgCamYynwgkaredIrsgðar CaeRKÓgRbdab; Ca karsMyugCay nigCaeRKÓgesøókdNþb;dUctYelçanCaedIm . edayehtu enaH eTIbelakeBalfa { minhYsBIenH } dUecñH . BitehIy stV TaMgLayBYkxøHesøókdNþb; nig snSMsMBt;TukCakaredIrsgðar edIr rbiulrb:Uc dUcCaBYkGñkRkúgEdlenAkñúgv½ykMelaH RkmMu dUecñaH . buKÁlBYk xøH esøóksMBt; snSMsMBt;TukCaeRKÓgRbdab; / dUcCa®sþIEdlciBa©wmCÍvít edayGaRs½yrUbdUecñaH . BYkGñkelgelçanesøókBak;sMBt;rebobsMyug Cay . BYkm©as;pÞHCaedImesøókBak;sMBt; nig snSMCaeRKÓgesøókBak;dUc tYelçan . karekIteraK maneraKEdlekItBIPaBrgaCaedIm eQµaHfa Fatuxagkñúg keRmIk . Baküfa edayGMNackarERbRbÜlénrdUv mann½yfa eday


189 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

GMNackarpøas;rdUv KW edaysmudæanén]tu manPaBRtCak;CavísPaK³Kña . eday va s½BÞ Kb,IeXIjfa se®gÁaHkarRbRBwtþieTATak;TgedaykarFøak;RBil CaedIm kñúgehmnþrdUvCaedIm / GFib,ayfa minjúaMgPaBrga[ekIteLIg karbenÞabg;nUvPaBRtCak;enaHedIm,IRbeyaCn_Na edIm,IsEmþgfaRbeyaCn_ enaHdl;TIbMputehIy eTIbeBalBaküCaedImfa { RtÚvPaBrgaebotebon ehIy } dUecñH . Baküfa TaMgBYg mann½yfa kñúgRbeyaCn_d¾essRKb;y:agCaedImfa { edIm,IbnßyPaBekþA } dUecñH . sUm,IkemþAénRBHGaTitü k¾CaPaBekþA Etmü:agedayBit / sUm,Iy:agenaHelakeBalfa { PaBekþAénePøIg } eRBaH kemþAénRBHGaTitüenaH elakkan;ykedays½BÞfa kemþAéf¶ . PaBekþAén ePøIgéRBRbePTxøHGacnwgeRbIcIvrbiT)aMgkaysRmal)an eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { Kb,IRCabEdnekIténkemþAenaHÉgeRBaHePøIgéRB CaedIm } . bTfa DMsa )andl; stVre)am . eRBaHstVre)amTaMgenaH man RbRktIxaM dUecñHeTIbelakeBalfa { DMsnmkçika } . Baküfa manBs;CaedIm KW stVTaMgLaymanBs; Ek¥b BIgBag tukEk nig xÞÜyCaedIm . elakeBaledayBisEdlekItBIkarBal;RtÚvedayBakü fa { smösSedaykarBal;RtÚv } . BitehIy Bs;man 3 CMBUk KW BYk EdlmanBisedaykarxaM 1 / BYkEdlmanBisedaykarBal;RtÚv 1 / BYk EdlmanBisedaykaremIl 1 / kñúgBs; 3 CMBUkenaH elaksMedA 2 CMBUk xagedIm . rYmstVTaMgGs;enaH manEk¥bCaedImcUlpg . CaRbeyaCn_ RbcaM KW CaRbeyaCn_Etmü:ag nig mankñúgkalTaMgBYg . karxµaseGon


190 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

rEmgkeRmIk KW karminxµaseGonrEmgtaMgs¶b; . eRBaHdUecñH eTIbelak eBalfa { rEmgvínaseTA } . mü:ageTot manvíeRKaHfa Gvyv³Na rEmgKYrdl;karbiT)aMg KW karbiT)aMg ehtuenaH Gvyv³enaH eQµaHfa ekabin ¬ KYrbiT)aMg ¦ . Gvyv³ eQµaHfa ekabin enaHpg / eQµaHfa hiri pg eRBaHGtßfaKYrxµas eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa hiriekabin ¬ Gvyv³ KYrbiT)aMg KYrxµas ¦ k¾Kb,IRCabxøwmsarkñúgbTfa hiriekabin enHeday RbkardUceBalmkenH . c s½BÞ kñúgbTfa tsS c mankarRbmUlmk nUvRbeyaCn_ EdleBalTukmkehIyCaGtß . Baküfa Gahary:agNamYy mann½yfa vtßúEdlKb,IelbsIu y:ag NamYy edayELkCarbs;EdlbuKÁlKb,ITMBa nig EdlbuKÁlKb,IbriePaK CaedIm . PikçúeQµaHfa biNÐÚl eRBaHGtßfa eFVIdMeNIreTAedIm,IdMu)ay KW edIm,IPikça / kmµrbs;PikçúeQµaHfa biNÐÚl enaH eQµaHfa biNÐÚlüM . edaykareFVIdMeNIreTA edIm,IdMu)ay KW edayPikçacarenaH . bTfa eRBaHkarEdlFøak;eTA mann½yfa eRBaHkarEdlbuKÁldak; cUleTA . eQµaHfa biNÐ)at )andl; PikçaharEdleKdak;cUleTAkñúg )aRt . 2bTfa biNÐanM va )aeta mann½yfa RbCMuPikçaEdl)anehIyBIpÞH mYy ² . sUm,IkareFVIedayrh½s elakehAfa { Tv } dUcCakñúgRbeyaK manCaGaTifa { ntßi Tva } ¬ minmanPaBrh½srhYn ¦ edIm,I[EbøkBaküKña enaH eTIbelakeBalfa { TvtßM kILanimitþnþi vutþM ehati } ¬ edÍm,I Tv GFib,ayfa R)afñanwgelg ¦ . GñkkILa KW BYkGñkEdlts‘U CamYyKña nig


191 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

KñaedaykNþab;éd . bTfa R)afñaPaBRsvågkñúgkmøaMg KW PaBRsvågEdl GaRs½ykmøaMg ekIteLIgCakarRsvågkñúgkmøaMg . R)afñaesckþIRsvågkñúg kmøaMgenaH mann½yfa edIm,I[ekItkmøaMg . Baküfa R)afñaPaBRsvågkñúg PaBCaburs mann½yfa manmanHfa CaRbús ehAfa PaBRsvågkñúgPaBCa burs )andl; manHEdlekIteLIgfa { eyIgk¾Caburs } . GacarümYyBYk eBalfa manHEdlRbRBwtþeTAGaRs½yPaBCaGñkminGackñúgkaresBnUv GsT§mµ b¤ raK³enaHÉg CaPaBRsvågkñúgPaBCaburs . R)afñanUvPaBRsvåg fa CabursenaH . ®sþIvaMg )andl; RsIsñMrbs;RBHraCa . ®sþIeBsüa )andl; ®sþIEdlGaRs½yrUbciBa©wmCÍvít eRBaHRbkbkarenArYmKña)anRKb; mnusS . kareFVI[Gvyv³eBjbribUN’ eQµaHfa kartubEtgkñúgTIenH dUecñH eTIbelakeBalfa { R)afñaPav³ KW kareFVIGvyv³tUcFM[eBjelj } dUecñH GFib,ayfa eRBaHPaBrIklUtlas;énGvyv³Caehtu . EdleQµaHfa tYelçan )andl; GñksEmþgkñúgeragelçan . tYr)aM )andl; BYkGñkelat raMCaedIm . karRbdab; )andl; kareFVI[s¥ateLIg / dUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa R)afñaPaBmanBN’Rss;føa . ÉtM eyaK bTM ERbfa bTenH . bTfa emahUbnisSyb,hantßM ERbfa edIm,IlHPaBCa]bnisS½yénemah³ . BitehIykarelgrEmgman )aneRBaHemah³ ehIyrEmgeFVI[emah³ceRmInlUtlas;l¥ dUecñaHPaBmin Ca]bnisS½yénemah³ rEmgman)an k¾eRBaHevorcakkarelgenaHecj . Baküfa edIm,IlHPaBCa]bnisS½yéneTas³ enH elakeBalTak;Tg edayesckþIRsvågkñúgkmøaMgnigkarRsvågkñúgPaBCaburs CaehtuéneTas³


192 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

EtedayGMNacBaküeRkABIenHKYreBalfa { edIm,IlHPaBCa]bnisS½yén raK³ } . karbdiesFkartubEtg nig karRbdab;Kb,Iman k¾edaykarlH ]bnisS½yénemah³ecj)an EtCabdibkçedayRtg;cMeBaHPaBCa]bnisS½y énraK³ dUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { edIm,IlHPaBCa]bnisS½yénraK³ } dUecñH . buKÁldéTR)arB§nUvPaBmYrem:Akñúgkarelgrbs;buKÁlxøH rEmgekIt sMeyaCn³TaMgLay manbdiXsMeyaCn³CaedImEtmü:ag dUcBYkeTvtaman eTvtakñúgmenabeTasik³CaedIm / tamBit sUm,Iy:agenaH buKÁlTaMgLay Na R)arB§nUvPaBmYrem:Akñúgkarelgrbs;xøÜn k¾rEmgekIt)abTaMgLayman raK³ emah³ nig manHCaedIm)any:agBiess . eTIbelakGacarüsMedA dl;buKÁlTaMgLayenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { edÍm,IhamkarekIteLIgén sMeyaCn³cMeBaHxøÜn } ehIyeBalfa { edIm,IhamkarekIteLIgén sMeyaCn³sRmab;GñkdéT } eRBaH)abFm’manraK³nigemah³CaedIm rEmg ekIteLIgdl;buKÁldéT)an y:agmanRbsiT§PaB eRBaHGaRs½ykarRbdab; tubEtg . kñúgBaküfa Geyaniesabdíbtþi enH KW karbdibtþixusTaMgGs; evorEtkamsuxløikanueyaK³ eQµaHfa Geyaniesabdibtþi . GacarüTaMgLayeBalfa eday2bTdMbUg RTg;Rtas;dl;karlHbg; Geyaniesabdibtþi / eday2bTeRkay Rtas;dl;karlHbg;kamsuxløikanueyaK³ . EteRBaHBaküfa { edaybTTaMg 4 } Kb,IRCabfa eday bTTaMgBYg Rtas;dl;karlHFm’TaMg 2 y:ag . sUm,IkamkILa k¾cat;cUl kñúgkarelgenaHEdr / sUm,IkarRsvågkñúgPaBCabursk¾CaehtuénkamsuxløikanueyaK³enaHEdr . Baküfa EdlRbkbedaymhaPUtrUb 4 KW EdlGaRs½ymhaPUtrUb


193 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

4 . Baküfa énrUbkay mann½yfa énRbCMusnþtirUb 4 . bTfa zítiya ERbfa edÍm,IkartaMgenA . kartaMgenAénkayenaH ² elaksMedAyk ehIyedayGMNackarbnþKñaeTA eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { edÍm,I taMgenA bnþKñaeTA } . bTfa bvtþiya mann½yfa edIm,IkarRbRBwtþieTAénCÍvíti®nÞIy_ . BitehIy CÍvíti®nÞIy_ RTg;sEmþgGFib,ayehIyfa { yabna vtþna } dUecñH . karmindac;RkEsénCÍvíti®nÞIy_enaH man)anedaymanGaharcUleTAbRmúg pg . elakGacarükalnwgsEmþgfa karEdlkaynwgtaMgenA)anyUr rhUt Gs;Gayukb, eQµaHfa yabna karjúaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA dUecñHeTIb elakeBalTukfa { edIm,ItaMgenAGs;kalyUr } . \LÚvenH kalnwgeFVInUvxøwmsarEdleBjehIyenaHÉg[Cak;c,as;éRk ElgeLIgeTA eTIbeBalBakümanCaGaTifa { dUcRTpÞHTuk } . kñúgBakü enaH manBaküRbkbesckþIdUcteTAenH dUcCam©as;énpÞHEdlRTúDeRTam RtÚvkareFVIkarTl;pÞHedIm,Imin[pÞHenaHrlM / mü:ageTot dUcCareTHnay BaNiC¢RtÚvkarbnþk;eRbgePøAedIm,I[reTHenaH eRbIkar)any:agNa / eyaKI enHk¾dUecñaH edIm,I[kaytaMgenA)an nig edIm,IjúaMgCÍvíti®nÞIy_[RbRBwtþeTA rEmgesBcMeBaH rEmgbriePaKbiNÐ)at . edaykarsEmþg]bmaenH EtgsEmþgfa karminFøak;cuH karjúaMgCÍvíti®nÞIy_[RbRBwtþeTA karrs;enA eQµaHfa kartaMgenA . Baküfa minEmnedIm,Ielg edÍm,IRsvåg edÍm,I tak;Etg nig edÍm,IceRmInBN’sm,úr enHCaBaküsEmþgGtß bdiesF eday GvFarN³ fa { yaveTv } ¬ RtwmedIm,I >>>b:ueNÑaH ¦ . eQµaHfa zíti eRBaHGtßfa CaehtutaMgenAén])aTinñFm’ )andl; Gayu / eRBaHdUecñaH


194 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

eTIbelakeBalfa { Baküfa zíti enHCaeQµaHrbs;CÍvíti®nÞIy_ } dUecñH . BitehIy GayuenaHelaksEmþgGFib,ayfa eQµaHfa { zíti } Baküfa zítiya yabnay mann½yfa edIm,I[CÍvíti®nÞIy_)anevaharfa { zíti } eRBaHCaehtutaMgenAénkay[RbRBwtþeTA . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { edÍm,IjúaMgCÍvíti®nÞIy_[RbRBwtþ eTA } . bTfa GaBaFnedæn mann½yfa eRBaHGtßfa ebotebon b¤ eRBaH Gtßfa cak;edat . BitehIy kareRskXøanCaeraKd¾éRkElg . bTfa ]brmtßM mann½yfa edIm,Irm¶ab; . dUcCabuKÁlmandMe)A RtÚvlabfñaMrkSa dMe)A . P¢ab;esckþIfa dUcCaGñkQW eBlEdlPaBekþA nig PaBrgaCaedIm RKbsgát; k¾esBcMeBaHnUvfñaMRtCak; nigfñaMekþA EdlCaeRKÓgbM)at;PaBekþA nig PaBrga enaH . GnusasnId¾brisuT§ CaBaküeRbónRbedAEdlse®gÁaHeday sikça 3 elIkElgmKÁRBhµcarü dUecñaHeTIbelakeBalfa { edÍm,IGnueRKaHdl; sasnRBhµcriy³TaMgmUl nig mKÁRBhµcriy³pg } dUecñH . bTfa GnuKÁhtßM ERbfa edIm,IGnueRKaH edIm,I[dl;RBm . Baküfa GaRs½ykmøaMgkay mann½yfa GaRs½ykmøaMgkayCaehtu[KuNvíess bribUN’tamEdlR)arB§Tuk . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { eday GMNacénkarRbkberOy ² kñúgsikça 3 } CaedIm . manesckþIeRbóbeFobeday]bmafa Priya nig sVamIRtÚvkarqøgnUvpøÚvknþar nig buKÁlRtÚvkar qøgTenø nig smuRT tRmg;eTAdl;karseRmcRbeyaCn_enaH ² Etmü:ag b:ueNÑaH CaGñkminmankarrIkrayeBjcitþbriePaKnUvsac;kUnCaedIm ¬ bgçM citþbriePaK ¦ k¾eRBaH ¬ ebI ¦ evorcaksac;buRtCaedImenaH k¾nwgminseRmc


195 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

¬ karqøgpøÚvknþar)an ¦ esckþIenHy:agNa sUm,IeyaKIenH RtÚvkarqøgpøÚv knþar KW PB Etmü:agk¾dUecñaH CaGñkminmanesckþIR)afña minmankareBjcitþ k¾caM)ac;RtÚvesBcMeBaHnUvbiNÐ)at eRBaHevorcakbiNÐ)atenaH karqøgpøÚv knþar KW PB k¾nwgminGacseRmc)an . bTfa \ti CabTni)atkñúgGtßfa Rbkar . eday \ti s½BÞenaH elak kan;ykGakar KW karesBbiNÐ)atEdlPikçúesBCanic© dUecñaH eTIbelak eBalfa { edayRbkardUecñH KW edaykaresBbiNÐ)atenH } dUecñH . bTfa buraNM mann½yfa eQµaHfa cas; eRBaHkarbriePaKmantaMgBIkal mun . bTfa bdíhgçami ERbfa nwgkm©at; . RbkbesckþIfa rEmgesB cMeBaH edayKitfa nwgmin[evTnafµÍekIteLIg . elakeBalfa { dUcCa RBahµN_Gahrhtßk³ RBahµN_GlgSadk³ RBahµN_ttßvdþk³ RBahµN_ kakmask³ RBahµN_Putþvmitk³ buKÁlNamYy EdlmankarbriePaKhYs RbmaNCabc©½y } dUecñH edIm,IecosvagBaküsYrfa nwgesBy:agNa nig rebobNaeTA . karbriePaKrkRbmaNmin)an KW minmanRbmaN Cabc©½y dl; evTnaenaH ehtuenaH evTnaenaH eQµaHfa mankarbriePaKhYs RbmaNCabc©½y / karbriePaKrkRbmaNmin)anCabc©½yenaH GFib,ayfa CaehtuénkarbriePaK EdlmanRbmaNhYsBIRbmaNénePøIgFaturbs;xøÜn GacnwgrMlay)an RBahµN_briePaKeRcIn kalminGaceRkakeLIgtam FmµtaénxøÜnRtÚvniyayfa { cUrCYyTajéddUecñH } dUecñH RBahµN_enH eQµaHfa Gahrhtßk³ ¬ CYyTajéd ¦ . RBahµN_briePaKehIy sUm,I eRkakeLIg)an EtminGacesøóksMBt;)an eRBaHmaneBaHe)a:geLIgxøaMg RBahµN_enaH eQµaHfa GlgSadk³ ¬ hamsMBt; ¦ . RBahµN_briePaK


196 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

ehIyminGaceRkakeLIg)an rMkileTAmk kñúgTIenaHnu+HÉg RBahµN_enH eQµaHfa ttßvdþk³ ¬ rMkilenAnwgkEnøg ¦ . RBahµN_NabriePaKGahar rhUtehortamTVarmat; EdlstVEk¥kGaccwksIu)an RBahµN_enaH eQµaHfa kakmask³¬ briePaKrhUtdl;Ek¥kcwkmat; ¦. RBahµN_NabriePaKehIy minGacebomTukkñúgmat;)an k¾RtÚvEk¥ecjmkkñúgTIenaH ² Ég / RBahµN_ enaH eQµaHfa Putþvmitk³ ¬ Ek¥)ay ¦ . dUcRBahµN_TaMgenH NamYy . mü:ageTot evTnaEdlekIteLIg eRBaHmin)anbriePaKCabc©½y eQµaHfa evTnacas; / rEmgesBnUvbiNÐ)atenaH edayKitfa { nwgkm©at;nUvevTna enaH } . evTnaNaEdlekIteLIgeRBaHkarbriePaKhYsRbmaN eQµaHfa evTnafµÍ / rEmgesBnUvbiNÐ)at enaHedayKitfa { nwgminjúaMgevTnafµÍ[ ekIteLIg } . mü:ageTot evTnaekIteLIgeRBaHmin)anbriePaKCabc©½y eQµaHfa evTnafµÍ rEmgesBedIm,Imin[evTnafµÍenaH EdlminTan;ekIteLIg kMu[ekIt eLIg . mü:ageTot Baküfa evTnaEdlekIteLIgeRBaHmin)anbriePaKCabc©½y enHCaBaküGFib,ayénkareRskXøan . edIm,IsEmþgdl;kareRskXøan Edlnwgmin[ekIteLIg nwgKb,IeFVI)anedaykarbriePaKenaH . kñúgbNþa evTnaEdlekIteLIg eRBaHmin)anbriePaKCabc©½ykþI eRBaH)anbriePaKCa bc©½ykþI evTnamankareRskXøanCaehtu tamEdlRbRBwtþeTACaevTnadMbUg eRBaHevTnaenaHrEmgekIteLIg ehIykan;EtceRmInxøaMgeLIg ² dl;Gñk Edlmin)anbriePaK . evTna manevTnaEdldutGvyv³ ehIydUcCalMEBg cak;TmøúHCaedIm EdlmankareRskXøanCaehtu sUm,Iman kñúgeBleRkay k¾minekIt . eRBaHevTnaenaH minTan;ekIteLIgkñúgkalmun k¾nwgminekIt


197 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

eLIg eRBaHehtuEt)anbriePaKehIy dUecñH evTnaTaMgLayenH manPaB epSgKñadUceBalmkenHÉg . karEdlevTnaTaMgLayenHmankarebotebonCaehtu CakarepSgKña eRBaHkarebotebon . ya eyaK evTna ERbfa evTnaNa . bTfa GFuna ERbfa kñúgeBl \LÚvenH . Baküfa eRBaHGaRs½ykarbriePaKrbs;minCasb,ay nig briePaKhYsRbmaN mann½yfa ekIteLIgeRBaHGaRs½yRbeyaK KW kar briePaKGaharEdlminCasb,ay nig EdlhYsRbmaN . Baküfa eday GMNackmµcas;Cabc©½y mann½yfa edayGMNacénkmµcas;Cabc©½y eRBaHxøÜneFVITukkñúgkalmun KW kñúgCatimun . evTnaNaEdlKYrnwgekIteLIg eRBaHGaRs½yRbeyaKvíbtþi karevorcakevTnaenaH ehIyjúaMgRbeyaK sm,tþi[taMgeLIgCakarTmøaybc©½yénTukçevTna nig Cakarkm©at;pgEdr dUecñaHeTIbelakeBalfa { tfaKt kaljúaMgbc©½yénevTnacas;enaH[ vínaseTA eQµaHfa rEmgkm©at;evTnaenaHpg } dUecñH . karbriePaKminRbéB )andl; karminBicarNanUvbc©½yTaMgLay ehIycaMbriePaK . karbriePaKEdlminRbéBenaHÉg Cakarbgákmµ eRBaH PaBCaGñkmankmµEdlxøÜneFVIehIy nig bgáehIy . RbkbesckþIfa evTna Na EdlelakehAfa { evTnafµÍ } eRBaHGaRs½y KW karsnSMkmµenaH ekIteLIgkñúgkalteTA KW kñúgGnaKt . Baküfa edayGMNacénkar briePaKRbéB mann½yfa edayGMNacénkar)anBicarNa ehIybriePaK bc©½yTaMgLay / minjúaMgkmµ KW karbriePaKminRbéBEdlCamUlehtu[ evTnafµÍenaHekIteLIg KW min[ekIteLIgRKb; ² Rbkar .


198 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

bTfa Étþavta mann½yfa edaybTTaMg 2 EdlRtas;Tuk manBaküfa { \ti buraNM } dUecñHCaedIm . mü:ageTot edaybTTaMg 4 manBaküfa { víhwsubrtiya } dUecñH CaedIm . RTg;rEmgsEmþg karse®gÁaHkarbriePaKRbéB eRBaHRTg; Rtas;dl; karbriePaKbc©½yEdlsmKYrdl;bBVCítTaMgLay . ÉRTg;sEmþgdl; karlHGtþkilmfanueyaK eRBaHRtas;dl;kar km©at;Tukç manTukç KWkareRskXøanCaedIm ehIyRTg;EtgEtsEmþgnUvkar ykcitþTukdak;cMeBaHesckþIsuxEdlRbkbedayFm’ eRBaHminlHbg;nUv esckþIsuxpøÚvkayEdlCabc©½ydl;esckþIsuxEdlekItBIQanCaedIm . GnþrayEdlcUlmkkat;pþac;CÍvíti®nÞIy_ b¤ eFVI[Tn;\riyabf Kb,Iman )an eRBaHEtRbkbedaykarbriePaKGaharEdlminCasb,ay nig kar briePaKhYsRbmaN / EtkarGnþrayenaHnwgminman k¾eRBaHRbkbeday karbriePaKGaharEdlCasb,ay nig karbriePaKlµmRbmaN . elak GacarükalnwgsEmþgxøwmsarenHfa eRBaHehtudUecñaH kardMeNIreTA KW kar RbRBwtþieTAénsrIr³ eBalKW karrs;enA)anGs;kalyUr nwgman)an eTIb eBalfa { edaykarbriePaKlµmRbmaN karRbRBwtþieTA eBalKW rs;enA Gs;kalyUr eRBaHminmanGnþrayEdlnwgcUlmkkat;pþac;CÍvíti®nÞIy_ b¤ eFVI[ Tn;\riyabf dl;eyIg } dUecñH . eraKNa EdlCaeraKBüa)alminCa nig CaeraKEkéxElg)an / eraK enaH eQµaHfa eraKruaMér: eraKenaHmandl;buKÁlenaH ehtuenaH buKÁlenaH eQµaHfa GñkmaneraKruaMér: . buKÁlmaneraKruaMér:enaHÉg rEmgeRbIfñaMrkSaGs;kalCanic© sUm,IPikçú


199 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

enHk¾RtÚvesBdUecñaHEdr . sYrfa ³ ebIdMeNIreTA KW júaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTAesat / BaküEdl elakeBalTukkñúgbTmun { edIm,IjúaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA } kþI kñúgerOgenH manesckþIwepSgKñay:agNa ? eqøIyfa ³ karjúaMgCÍvíti®nÞIy_[RbRBwtþeTA RTg;se®gÁaHykfa {yabna edIm,IjúaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA } kñúgbTmun EtkñúgbTenH RTg;se®gÁaH ykkarRbRBwtþieTA KW dMeNIreTA eBalKW karmindac;ExSén\riyabfTaMg 4 dUecñH kñúgerOgenH manesckþIepSgKñadUceBalmkenHÉg . karEsVgrkbc©½yedaymicäaCÍv³ EdlRBHBuT§Cam©as;RTg;tiHedolehIy eQµaHfa karEsVgrkEdlminRbéB . karmindwgRbmaNnUveTyüFm’ rbs;Tayk nig rbs;xøÜnehIyTTYl b¤ karTTYledIm,IjúaMgsT§aeTyü[ Føak;cuH eQµaHfa karTTYlminRbéB / b¤ )andl; karTTYlEdlCaehtu[ RtÚvGabtþi. karminBicarNa ehIybriePaK eQµaHfa karbriePaKminRbEB . karevorcakkarEsVgrk karTTYl nigkarbriePaKEdlminRbéBTaMgLay enaH Kb,IRCabedayGMNacénkareFVIbc©½y[ekIteLIgCaedIm edayFm’ edayesµI . BitehIy karEsVgrkbc©½yedayFm’ TTYlmkedayFm’ BicarNaehIyeTIbbriePaK eQµaHfa PaBCaGñkminmaneTas . bTfa Grti ERbfa kareRtkRtGalkñúgkam )andl; karminrIkray kñúgesnasn³Edls¶at; nig kñúgGFikuslFm’TaMgLay . bTfa tnÞi mann½yfa karegakgk; KW PaBedklk; . bTfa víCmÖika mann½yfa karBt;kay eRBaHRtÚvfÍnmiT§³RKbsgát; . kiriyaEdlGñkR)aCJ TaMgLaytiHedol eQµaHfa víBaØúKrha . BitehIy PikçúrUbxøHeFVIvtßúEdlmin


200 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

maneTas[CavtßúmaneTas / Kitfa { rbs;enHeyIg)anmkehIy } k¾ briePaKhYsRbmaN kalebIGaharenaHminGacrlay)an rEmglM)ak eRBaHk¥Üt nig cukeBaHCaedIm / PikçúTaMgLayeBjvtþRtÚvxVl;xVayEsVgrk ePsC¢³mkbI)ac;EfrkSasrIr³PikçúenaH . PikçúTaMgLaydéTnwgsYrPikçúBYkenaHfa { etImanGVIekIteLIg } kal)an sþab;fa { PikçúenaHcukeBaH } k¾tiHedolfa { elakGgÁenHmanRbRktIy:ag enHCanic©Gs;kalyUrehIy mindwgRbmaNeBaHrbs;xøÜn } y:agenH KW eFVI vtßúEdlKµaneTas[CavtßúmaneTas . PikçúmineFVIy:agenaH rEmgesBedayKitfa { nwgmin[maneTas } PikçúdwgkmøaMgénePøIg ¬ Fatu ¦ tamRbRktIrbs;xøÜn esB ¬bc©½y ¦ Etlµm RbmaNb:ueNÑaH edayKitfa { eRBaHminKYrmankareRtkRtGalkñúgkam CaedIm y:agenHehIy eTIbmanesckþIsuxpøÚvkayEdlKµannrNa ² tiHedol)an } dUecñH . esckþIRtÚvkaredaykarbriePaK manRbmaNRtwmNa karbriePaKenaH eQµaHfa tamRtÚvkar edaykarjúaMgesckþIRtÚvkarenaH[seRmc eQµaHfa [eBjépÞ / edaykarjúaMgépÞ[eBj eQµaHfa karbriePaKGahartam EdlRtÚvkarrhUteBjépÞ / edaykarevorcakkarbriePaKGahartamEdl RtÚvkar rhUteBjépÞenaH . suxEdlnwgKb,I)anedaykaredk eQµaHfa suxedaykaredk sux EdlekIteLIgdl;buKÁlEdledkRtLb;eTAmkTaMgBIrxag eQµaHfa sux edaykarERbxñg / suxEdlekIteLIgedaykaredklk; KW Gakarlk; eQµaH fa suxedaykarlk; / kareFVI[\riyabf4 dMeNIrkareTAsmRbkbeday lHesckþIsuxkñúgkaredk esckþIsuxedaykarERbxñg nig esckþIsuxeday


201 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

karedklk;ecj eQµaHfa karenACasux . elakGacarübMNgnwgeFVI[ lkçN³énkarenACasuxEdlelakeBalTukkñúgvíkb,eRkay b¤ kñúgvíkb,TaMg Gs;[c,as;eLIgkñúgsßanEdlmk ¬ GaKm ¦ eTIbeBalBaküfa { smdUc BaküRbB½n§EdleBalTuk } CaedIIm . kñúgvíkb,TaMg 3 Rtas;dl;karenA Casux edaykarbriePaKGahar[lµm ² enaHÉg . Baküfa edaylMdab;BaküRtwmb:ueNÑH mann½yfa edaybTTaMg 3 EdleBalTuktamn½y manCaGaTifa { yaRta } dUecñH . Baküfa karRbRBwtþieTAnwgmandl;eyIg CaBaküsEmþgdl;kar kMNt;RbeyaCn_ . BitehIy karRtac;eTArEmgjúaMgPikçúenaH[Rbkbkar eRbIR)as;Gahar)an . karenACasux CaehtuminlHbg;esckþIsuxEdl RbkbedayFm’ . eQµaHfa CamCÄímabdíbTa eRBaHevorcakTIbMputTaMg 2 ecj . b:uEnþkñúgTIenH Kb,IRbmUlGgÁ 8 mk dUcteTAenH ³ Baküfa minEmnedÍm,Ielg CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa minEmnedÍm,IRsvåg CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa minEmnedÍm,ItubEtg CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa minEmnedÍm,IRbdab; CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa RtwmEtedÍm,I[kayenHtaMgenA RbRBwtþeTA CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa edÍm,IrMgab;karebotebon edÍm,IGnueRKaHRBhµcriy³ Ca GgÁ 1 . Baküfa edayRbkardUecñH nwgbenÞabg;evTnacas; nig minjúaMg evTnafµÍ[ekIteLIg CaGgÁ 1 .


202 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

Baküfa karjúaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA)an nwgmandl;eyIg Ca GgÁ 1 . esckþIfa { PaBCaGñkminmaneTas 1 karenACasux 1 } dUceBal mkenHCaGanisgSénkarbriePaKkñúgTIenH . EtRBHmhasivetßr eBalfa { 4 GgÁxagedIm eQµaHfa Cax>hamXat; / EtKb,Ikan;ykGgÁ8 xagmux } dUecñH . kñúgbNþaGgÁ 8 TaMgLayenaH ³ Baküfa RtwmEtedÍm,IjúaMgCÍvíti®nÞIy_énkayenH [taMgenA CaGgÁ 1. Baküfa edÍm,IjúaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa edÍm,IrMgab;karebotebon CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa edÍm,IGnueRKaHRBhµcriy³ CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa edayRbkarenHnwgbenÞabg;evTnacas;ecj CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa nwgminjúaMgevTnafµÍ[ekIteLIg CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa karRbRBwtþieTAnwgmandl;eyIg CaGgÁ 1 . Baküfa PaBCaGñkminmaneTas CaGgÁ 1 . EtkarenACasuxCaGanisgSénkarbriePaKdUecñHÉg . Pikçúkalelb GaharRbkbedayGgÁ 8 y:agenH eQµaHfa BicarNa esBbiNÐ)ateday ])ayRtÚvTMng . elakGacarüeBalfa esn s½BÞ RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGtßénGFikrN³ eday nieTÞsCastþmIvíPtþifa ytß ytß . Gasn s½BÞk¾dUc Kña . elakse®gÁaH R)asaTCaedImnigERKCaedIm eday GaTi s½BÞfa GDÆeyaKaTimði . Kb,I


203 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

naMvíhar nig GDÆeyaK³CaedIm ¬ víhar nig pÞHdMbUlmYycMehog ¦ mkP¢ab; bBa©ÚldUecñHfa GgÁúykñúgvíhar b¤ kñúgkEnøgEdlRbk;dMbUlmYycMehog CaedIm . eday GaTi s½BÞ kñúgBaküfa GDÆeyaKaTiek enHKb,IRCabfa rYmykERK nigsnßtCaedImpgEdr . Baküfa brishedæn mann½yfa eRBaHGtßfa RKbsgát; / GFib,ayfa eRBaHGtßfa ebotebon . Baküfa ]tueyv ]tubrisSeya mann½yfa rdUvmanekáA nigRtCak; CaedImenaHÉg minCasb,ay eQµaHfa manrdUvCaGnþray tamn½ydUcEdl )aneBalehIy / GFib,ayfa edIm,IbenÞabg;nUvGnþray KW rdUvenaH / edIm,I min[Gnþray KW rdUvEdlminTan;ekIteLIg min[ekIteLIg nig edIm,Irm¶ab; Gnþray KW rdUvEdlekIteLIgehIy . karEdlcitþfyRtLb;cakBIGarmµN_ epSg ² eKc KW eKcecjedayl¥ zítenAkñúgGarmµN_EtmYyb:ueNÑaHEdl Cakmµdæan . karmkrIkray KW esckþIrIkrayd¾éRkElgkñúgkareKcecjenaH eQµaHfa bdísløanaraema ¬ mankareKcecjCaTIrIkray ¦ edIm,I RbeyaCn_dl;kareKcecjCaTIrIkrayenaH . BitehIy esnasn³Edls¶at; smKYrdl;karceRmInPavna rbs;eyaKI eRBaHCasuBaØaKar ¬ pÞHTMenr ¦ . edIm,IRbkasRbeyaCn_TaMg 2 enHenaH eTIbeBalBaküfa { eya srIraBaF citþ víekçbkera } ERbfa rdUvNaeFVI[ manGaBaFcMeBaHsrIr³ nig karraymaycitþdUecñHCaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH bTfa ÉkIPavsuxtßM mann½yfa esckþIsux EdlmankarenAmñak;ÉgCaehtu eQµaHfa esckþIsuxEdlekIteLIgBIkar enAmñak;Ég / edIm,IesckþIsuxEdlekItBIkarenAmñak;ÉgenaH . KWesckþIsux


204 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

EdlekItedayminmankarRcbUkRcbl;edayBYkKN³ nig karCMBak;citþ edaykiels . elakGacarüsMedAykBaküeRkInrMlwkfa RbsinebI]tuenaHÉg eQµaH fa ]tubrisSy ¬ Gnþray KW ]tu ¦ / elakeBalnUvkarkarBarPaBrga nig PaBekþATukfa { ]tu c sItuNðM } CaedIm ehIyeRBaHehtuGVI eTIb eBalcMeBaHEtkarbenÞabg; ]tubrisSy ¬ GnþrayKW ]tu ¦ eTot / dUecñH eTIbeBalfa { kamBa© } dUecñH CaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH eday Baküfa { karbenÞabg;Gnþray KW ]tu EdlRbkbRbeyaCn_CaRbcaM } enH elakGacarüsEmþgfa kñúgBaküfa { edIm,IkarBarPaBrga edIm,IkarBar PaBekþA } RTg;Rtas;sMedAykPaBrga nig PaBekþáAEdlminR)akdRbCa KW ekIteLIgmþgmáal / cMENkGnþray KW ]tu sMedAykGnþrayEdlmanRKb; kalTaMgBYgCaRbRktI . Baküfa ¬ ]tu ¦ manRbkardUceBalmkehIy KW ¬ ]tu ¦ manRbkar dUcEdleBalehIyy:agenHfa { ]tu manPaBrgaCaedIm / nigfa ]tuminCa TIsb,ay } . GnþrayR)akd KW eFVIkarebotebondl;kaynigcitþdl;Pikçú EdlGgÁúyenATIval nig Kl;eQICaedImy:agNa eRBaHminmankarbiT)aMg KW eRBaHCasßanTIEdlminmanTVarbiTkarBarCaedIm . GnþraykM)aMg KW eFVI karebotebondl;kay nig citþrbs;Pikçú eRBaHkareXIjrUbminCaTIsb,ay CaedIm . kñúgesnasn³Edl)anbiT)aMgTuk rEmgeFVIkarebotebonmin)an. Baküfa RCaby:agenHehIy P¢ab;esckþIfa PikçúkalRCabfa Ca esnasn³EdlR)ascakGnþrayTaMg 2 y:ag y:agenHehIy eTIbesB Kb,IRCabfa ¬ eQµaHfa rEmgBicarNaRtÚv])ayehIy eTIbesBesnasn³


205 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

enaH . l . ¦ dUecñH . PaBCabdibkçdl; eraK EdlmankarkeRmIkénFatuCalkçN³ b¤fa man TukçevTnaEdlmankarkeRmIkénFatuenaHCaehtu CalkçN³ eQµaHfa man esckþIfa CaehtuRbqaMg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { esckþIfa mann½yfa edayPaBCasRtÚvcMeBaHeraK } dUecñH man GFib,ayfa edayesckþIfa rMgab;eraK)an . Baküfa ¬ vtßúEdlCasb,ay ¦ y:agNamYy )andl; ¬ vtßúEdlCa sb,ay ¦ y:agNamYy kñúgbNþavtßú manTwkedaHxab;CaedIm . BitehIy manGFib,ayfa vtßúCasb,ay eRBaHvtßúenaH eFVI[s¶b;PaBvíkar)an . eQµaHfa CavtßúEdleBTüeFVI eRBaHCavtßúEdleBTüenaHKb,Icat;Ecg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { eRBaHPaBEdleBTüenaHGnuBaØat } dUecñH . Baküfa edaybrikçarénnKr edayvtßúB½T§CMuvíjrkSanUvnKr . GacarüCaeRcIneBaldl;vtßú 7 y:ag KW ³ 1> kEnøgEdlelIkeLIgCapÞaMgfµecaTB½T§CMuvíj . 2> ePøIgbMPøWTIRkúg . 3> eCÍgkMEpg . 4> kMEpg . 5> begÁalrbg . 6> rnukTVar . 7> b:mcaMyamkMEpg . faCa { brikçarRbcaMnKr } dUecñHk¾man .


206 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

Baküfa mansIlCabrikçar KWmansIlEdlbrisuT§l¥CaeRKÓgRbdab; . kñúgsURtenH GriymKÁRTg;se®gÁaHfa { rf }. ehIyRtas;dl;Fm’TaMgLay mansmµavacaCaedImfaCa { brikçar } edayesckþIfa CaeRKÓgRbdab;én GriymKÁenaH . Baküfa brikçarénCÍvít )andl; ehtuénkarRbRBwtþieTAénCÍvít. bTfa smuTaentBVa ¬ Kb,InaMmkedayl¥ ¦ KWKb,InaMmk )andl; Kb,IWEsVgrkt ² eTAedayRbéB . ePsC¢³ EdlCabc©½ysRmab;GñkCMgÅ rEmgmanTaMgbrikçar ¬ énCÍvít ¦ eRBaHkarBarnUvGnþrayTaMgLay)anedayCMuvíj . eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbelakeBalfa { eRBaHrkSaTuk . l . EdleFVICÍvít[vínas } dUecñH . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH bTfa GnþrM ERbfa cenøaH mann½yfa »kas . esckþIfa eRBaHrkSaTuk hak;bIdUcCaBYkGñkyamEdlQrB½T§CMuvíj rkSaecAhVaynayrbs;xøÜn min[»kasdl;BYksRtÚv . bTfa GsS eyaKÁ CÍvítsS ERbfa énCÍvítenaH . Baküfa eRBaHPaB Caehtu KWeRBaHCaehtuénkarRbRBwtþieTAGs;kalyUr . BitehIy ePsC¢³EdlCarsaytn³ KW EdlmankñúgGahar rEmgjúaMg CÍvít[rs;enAGs;kalCayUr . PikçúrEmgkm©at;TukçevTnaEdlminTan;ekIt eLIgedaykarbriePaKePsC¢³ minEmnkm©at;evTnaEdlekIteLIgehIyenaH eT eRBaHTukçevTnaEdlekIteLIgehIyTaMgLayenaH mankarEbkFøayeTA tamsPav³rbs;xøÜnenaHÉg / BitehIy sUm,IdUecñH elakk¾ehATukçevTna EdlminTan;ekIteLIg dUcCaevTnaEdlekIteLIgehIyfa { ekIteLIg ehIy } . eRBaHdUecñH evaharfa ekIteLIgehIyenaH rEmgman)ankñúgFm’


207 mhadÍka bc©ysnñisiStsIl

TaMgLayEdldUcKñanwgFm’EdlekIteLIgehIyenaH / dUcCaBakü fa sa Év titþiri ERbfa stVTTaenaHÉg / tanieyv »sfani »sfenaHÉg ¬ KW CaBUCstVTTadUcKña / CafñaMRtÚvKña ¦ dUecñHÉg . eRBaHdUecñH eTIbelak eBalfa bTfa { ]b,nñanM ERbfa ekIteLIgehIy KWmanehIy begáÍt ehIy } dUecñH . karkeRmIkénFatuenaH cab;taMgBIkarbgáxøÜn k¾Casmudæan éneraKTaMgLayenH eRBaHehtuenaH eraKTaMgLayenH eQµaHfa mankar keRmIkénFatuenaHCasmudæan . elakGacarüeBalTukfa {TukçevTna} dUecñHehIyeBalfa {TukçevTna EdlCaGkuslví)ak } edIm,IeFVI[epSgBITukçevTnaenaH eRBaHTukçevTna enaH sUm,ImansPaBCaGkusl k¾manEdr . karkeRmIkénFatueQµaHfa BüaBaF eRBaHGtßfa eFVI[lM)akepSg ² / BüaBaF enaHÉgCa BüabCÄ ERbfa eFVI[lM)akepSg ² manesckþIfa Ca Tukç . eQµaHfa GBüabCÄ eRBaHGtßfa CaTIEdlminman BüabCÄ )andl; karminmanTukç . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa bTfa { GBüabCÄbrmtay } ERbfa edIm,IkarminmanTukçd¾éRkElgdUecñH . Baküfa TukçenaH )andl; TukçEdlmaneraKCaehtu . elakGacarübMNgnwgsEmþgfa karGaRs½ybc©½yTaMgLay mancIvr CaedIm eQµaHfa kareRbIR)as;enaHÉg dUecñH eTIbeBalfa et bdíc© nisSay k¾bc©½yTaMgLaymancIvrCaedImTaMgLayenaH eRBaHehtuEdl stVTaMgLayGaRs½y dUecñHehIy k¾enAeBalfa { briPuBa¢mana } eRbI R)as;dUecñH . bTfa bvtþnþi ¬RbRBwtþeTA)an¦ EkCa CÍvnþi ¬ rs;enA)an ¦ .


208 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

karrs;enA eQµaHfa karRbRBwtþieTAEdlCaehtueBaldl; CÍvíti®nÞIy_fa { mankarRbRBwtþieTACars } dUecñH . ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦ ¬ bc©ysnñisSiitsIl cb; ¦

saFn³ ehtu[sIlseRmcdl;RBm Kb,IRCabfa saFn ¬ ehtu[seRmc ¦ kñúgsIl 5 y:agenH dUecñH )atiemakçsMvr PikçúKb,I[dl;RBmedaysT§a eRBaH)atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH CasT§asaFn³ ¬ mansT§aCaehtu[seRmc ¦ eRBaHehtuénkarbBaØtþi sikçabTCakarknøgvís½yrbs;sav½k BitehIy karRtas;hamnUvkarTUlsMu [RTg;bBaØtþsikçabTCaniTsSn³ kñúgesckþIenH)an eRBaHdUecñaH )atiemakçsMvrsIlenaH PikçúsmaTansikçabTtamEdlRTg;bBaØtþTuk [hµt;ct; edaysT§a ehIymineFVIesckþIGal½ysUm,IkñúgCÍvít nig Kb,I[dl;RBm)an y:agl¥ dUcBaküEdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa ³ { PikçúTaMgLayEdlCaGñktamrkSasIl cUrCaGñkmansIlCaTIRsLaj; edayl¥ mankareKarB ¬ kñúgsIl ¦ RKb; ² eBl dUcstVRtedovvícrkSaBg camrIrkSaeramknÞúy matarkSabuRtCaTIRsLaj;EtmYy buKÁlrkSaEPñk¬Edl enAsl; ¦ EtmçagdUecñaH } . ehIyRTg;Rtas;Tuk ¬ kñúgTI ¦ déTeTotfa ³ { mhasmuRTmankarenAyWnyUrCaFmµta k¾minehorRcaMgy:agNa


209 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

mñalmharaT³ sav½krbs;tfaKtk¾dUecñaH dUcKña rEmgminknøgsikçabT EdltfaKtbBaØtþehIydl;sav½kTaMgLay sUm,IeRBaHehtuénCÍvít } . kñúgesckþIenH Kb,IRCabnUverOgRBHefr³TaMgLayEdlRtÚvecarcgTuk kñúgéRBRkas; ¬ CaniTsSn³ ¦ ³ )anB¤fa ecarTaMgLaycgRBHefr³ ¬mYyGgÁ ¦ edayvlø×mü:ag ¬ Tuk ecal ¦ kñúgéRBRkas;mhavtþ RBHefr³swgy:agenaHÉg ceRmInvíbsSna Gs;ry³eBl 7 éf¶ )anseRmcGnaKamipl ehIy )anmrN³kñúgTIenaHÉg eTAkan;RBhµelak . ¬ erOgmYyeTot ¦ BYkecarcgRBHefr³mYyGgÁeTotedayvløiepam ¬ Tuk ecal ¦ [swgenAkñúgtm<bNÑiTVIb RBHefr³enaHkalePøIgeqHéRBral dalmk k¾minpþac;vlø× epþÍmtaMgvibsSnarhUt)anseRmcCaRBHGrhnþþsmsIsI briniBVaneTA / RBHGPyetßrGñkCaTIXPaNk³ ¬ eBalnUvKm<Ir TIXnikay ¦ nimnþeTAtampøÚvCamYynwgPikçú 500 GgÁ / )anCYbelak k¾[ eFVIQabnkic©srIr³rbs;RBHefr³ ehIyk¾[sagRBHectiy¬bBa©úHGdæi¦ Tuk . eRBaHehtuenaH kulbuRtEdlmansT§adéT kalebIjúaMg)atiemakç[ hµt;ct; sUm,IlHbg;CÍvít k¾minKb,ITmøaysIlsMvr³ EdlRBHelaknafCa m©as;RTg;bBaØtþTuk . dUcCa )atiemakçsMvrsIl PikçúKb,I[dl;RBmedaysT§a y:agNa \®nÞiysMvrsIl k¾Kb,I[dl;RBmedaystidUecñaH eRBaHfa \®nÞiysMvrsIl enaH CastisaFn³ ¬manstiCaehtu[seRmc¦ ehtuEdl\®nÞIy_TaMgLay taMgmaMehIy min[cenøaH EdleTasTaMgLay manGPiCÄaCaedIm nwgKb,I hUrcUlmk)an eRBaHehtuenaH \®nÞiysMvrenaH kalRBHeyaKIrlwkdl; ¬ RBHFm’eTsna ¦ GaTitþbriyaysURt edayn½yfa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay


210 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

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211 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

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212 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

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213 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

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214 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

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215 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

GsirBisecj Kb,IeFVI[dl;RBm)an edaykarEsVgrkedayl¥ mankar nimnþeTAbiNÐ)atCaedIm edayesckþIBüayam . kñúgbc©½y 2 y:ag ¬ KWbrisuT§úb,aTb,c©ynigGbrisuT§úb,aTb,c©y ¦ enaH sRmab;PikçúGñkmin)ankan;FutgÁ bc©½yEdlekItBIsgÇ b¤ BIKN³kþI BIsmñak; RKhsßGñkRCHføaedayKuNTaMgLayrbs;GñkEdlmankarsEmþgFm’CaedIm kþI eQµaHfa bc©½yekIteLIgedaybrisuT§ cMENkbc©½yEdlekIteLIgeday vtþ mankarnimnþeTAbiNÐ)atCaedIm eQµaHfa ekIteLIgedaybrisuT§y:ag éRkElg sRmab;PikçúGñkkan;FutgÁ bc©½yEdlekIteLIgedayvtþ mankar nimnþeTAbiNÐ)atCaedIm nig ekIteLIgBIsmñak;RKhsßEdlRCHføakñúgFutgÁ KuNrbs;elak edayGnuelamdl;FutgÁniym eQµaHfa bc©½yEdlekIt eLIgedaybrisuT§ . mü:ageTot karsmaTanFutgÁ rbs;GñkbriePaKfñaMEdl RtaMGMBIsm:¬RtaMTwkenam¦s¥úy nigmFurePsC¢³4 ekIteLIg¬)anmk¦ edIm,IeRbI rMgab;BüaFi mü:agKitfa { mitþsRBhµcarIdéT ² nwgRtÚvqan;ctumFurePsC¢³ ¬ CaR)akd ¦ dUecñHehIy ¬ xøÜnÉg ¦ qan;Etsm:b:ueNÑaHCakarRbéB Pikçú dUecñaH elakehAfa GriyvMsikPikçú ¬ PikçúenAkñúgGriyvgS ¦ fñak;]tþm . Ébc©½yTaMgLay mancIvrb,c©½yenaH bNþabc©½yTaMgLay enaH kñúgcIvrnigbiNÐ)at / nimitþ ¬ kareFVInimitþ ¦/ »Pas ¬ niyay[n½y ¦ / brikfa ¬ niyayB½T§ ¦ / víBaØtþi ¬ sMuRtg; ² ¦ rEmgminsmKYrdl;PikçúRKb;rUb Edl nwgeFVIGaCÍv³[brisuT§ Etkñúgesnasn³ nimitþ »Pas nig brikfa KYr sRmab;PikçúGñkmin)ankan;FutgÁ . kñúgGakarTaMgLayenaH eBlPikçúeFVIkic© manbrikmµTIrabesIµCaedIm edIm,IRkalesnasn³ kalebIRKhsßTaMgLaysYrfa { elakd¾ceRmIneFVIGVI nrNa[eFVI } k¾eBaltbfa { minmannrNa[eFVIeT }dUecñH b¤fa nimitþkmµ


216 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

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)anB¤fa kñúgsm½ymYyRBHsarIbutþ)anceRmInnUvbvíevk ¬ kars¶at;cak kam nigGkuslFm’ ¦ eTIbnimnþeTAkan;éRBmYykEnøgCamYyRBHmhaemaKÁ-


217 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

løanetßr . éf¶mYyGaBaFeRBaHxül;kñúgépÞekIteLIg júaMgTukçd¾xøaMgkøa[ekIt eLIgdl;elak RBHmhaemaKÁløaneTAkan;TI]bdæakelakkñúgeBll¶ac eXIjRBHefr³swgk¾sYr ¬ RCab ¦ esckþIenaHehIysYrfa ¬ Gavuesa kal munesckþIsuxekItdl;elakedayvtßúGVI RBHefr³eBalfa { Gavuesa kal enACaRKhsß ejamRsIrbs;´m©as; )an[)ay)ayasdaMCamYyTwkedaH suT§ ² pSMCamYyTwkedaHføa TwkXµMú nig sárGMeBA esckþIsuxmandl;´m©as; eday)ay)ayasenaH } cMENkelak { RBHmhaemaKÁløan } eBalfa { Gavuesa eNIðycuH ¡ ebIbuNürbs;´m©as; b¤ rbs;elakm©as;man eTaHy:ag Na Es¥kenHeyIgk¾Kg;nwg)an } eBaldl;eTvtaEdlGaRs½yenAedImpøÚv xageRkayTIc®gám)anB¤BaküsnÞnaenHrbs;elakTaMgBIr eTIbKitfa {eyIg nwgCYy[)ay)ayasekItdl;RBHKuNm©as;kñúgéf¶Es¥kenH } eTIbcUleTA kan;RtkUl]bdæakrbs;RBHefr³kñúgeBlenaHÉg eKcUlkñúgkayrbs;kUn c,gEkøgbNþalGakarCaQW[ekIteLIg rYcehIyeTvtaenaHeTIbbnøWsMeLg niyayCamYyjatiEdlmkCYbCMuKñarkSaGñkCMgÅenaH { RbsinebIGñkcat;Ecg eFVInUv)ay)ayas eQµaHy:agenH fVayRBHefr³kñúgéf¶Es¥kenH)an eTIb´ edaHElg } jatiTaMgLayenaHeBalfa { sUm,IelakminR)ab; k¾BYk´m©as; fVayPikçadl;elakm©as;CaRbcaMehIy } dUecñH kñúgéf¶Es¥keLIgk¾)anCYy Kñacat;EcgeFVI)ayasy:agenaHeRtómTuk RBHmhaemaKÁløanetßrnimnþmk ¬ kEnøgRBHsarIbutþBIRBlwm ¦ eBalfa { Gavuesa ¡ elakcUrenAkñúgTIenH rhUtdl;eBl´m©as;eTAbiNÐ)atehIyRtLb;mkvíj } ehIyk¾cUleTAkan; PUmi mnusSTaMgLayenaHecjeTATTYlelak TTYl)aRtRBHefr³mkdak;nUv )ayasRbePTdUceBalehIyenaH y:ageBj ehIyfVay/ RBHefr³sEmþg Gakar ¬ RtLb;eTAvíj ¦ / { elakd¾ceRmInnimnþqan;cuH´m©as;TaMgLaynwg


218 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

fVay ¬ mYy)aRteTot ¦ } júaMgRBHefr³[qan;rYcehIy )anfVayeBj)aRt eTot RBHefr³mkdl;ehIybeg¥ancUleTAfVay eBalfa { Gavuesa sarIbutþ nimnþqan;cuH } cMENkRBHefr³eXIj)ayasenaHehIyKitfa { )ayasKYr eBjcitþéRkElg¬enH¦ekIteLIgedayrebobNa } k¾)andwgehtuEdlekIt eLIgén)ayasenaH eTIbeBalfa { naMecjeTAcuH GavuesaemaKÁløan biNÐ)atenHminKYrbriePaKeT } cMENkRBHmhaemaKÁløanenaH minjúaMg citþsUm,IEt ¬ KiteTamnsS ¦ [ekIteLIgfa { eKminqan;biNÐ)atEdl buKÁldUcCaeyIgnaMmk[ehIy } edayBakü ¬ R)ab;rbs;RBHsarIbutþ ¦ Et mþgb:ueNÑaH k¾yk)aRt ¬ ecjeTA ¦ páab;)aRtcak;ecalkñúgkEnøgmYy RBmKñanwg)ayas ¬ Føak;cuH ¦ dl;EpndI GaBaFrbs;RBHefr³k¾CasHes,Iy cab;taMgBIeBlenaHmkGs;ry³ 45 qñaM GaBaFdUecñH minEdlekIteLIg eToteLIy / lMdab;enaH RBHsarIbutþ)aneBalnwgRBHmhaemaKÁløanfa {Gavuesa )ay)ayasEdlekIteLIgGaRs½yvcIvíBaØtþi Carbs;minKYrbriePaK sUm,I ¬ Xøan ¦ rhUtdl;eBaHevonecjeRkA ¬ rkrbs;sIu ¦ enAtamEpndI ¬ k¾ eday ¦} ehIy)anbnøW]TanenHfa { ebIeyIgCaGñkbriePaKnUvmFu)ayas EdlekIteLIg eRBaHbnøWvaca CavcIvíBaØtþienaH GaCÍv³rbs;eyIgnwgRtÚvtiHedol sUm,IcgVayeBaHevonrbs;eyIgnwgecjmkxageRkA eyIgk¾minKb,ITmøay GaCÍv³Cadac;xat sUm,IRtÚvlHbg;CÍvít ¬ k¾eday ¦ eyIgRKb;RKgcitþrbs; xøÜn)an eyIgevorcakkarEsVgrkminsmKYr mineFVIGensnaEdlRBHBuT§Ca m©as;exI<meLIy } dUecñH . mü:ageTot sUm,IerOgrbs;RBHmhatisSetßr Edlqan;EpøsVay Edl GaRs½yenAkñúgcIvrKum<víhar k¾KYreBalTukkñúgTIenH GñkenAkñúgéRBEdlbYs edaysT§a manbBaØaBicarNaeXIjpledayRbckS min[sUm,IEtkarKit


219 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

kñúgkarEsVgrkminsmKYredayRbkarTaMgBYgekIteLIgeLIy Kb,IeFVIGaCÍv³[ brisuT§)anedayRbkardUecñH . dUcCa GaCIv)arisuT§sIl EdlPikçú[dl;RBmedaykarBüayam y:agNa bc©ysnñisSitsIl PikçúKb,I[dl;RBmedaybBaØadUecñaH eRBaHbc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH CabBaØasaFn³ ¬ manbBaØaCaehtu[seRmc ¦ eRBaHfa buKÁlmanbBaØa CaGñkGaceXIjeTas nig GanisgSkñúgkarbriePaKbc©½y TaMgLay eRBaHehtuenaH bc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH PikçúEdllHkareBjcitþ kñúgbc©½yehIy BicarNaedaybBaØa edayvíFItamEdleBalehIy eTIb briePaKbc©½yEdlekIteLIgedayFm’tamsmKYr ¬ enaHÉg ¦ Kb,IeFVI[dl; RBm)an . kñúgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH karBicarNamanBIry:ag KW ³ 1 - BicarNakñúgeBl)anbc©½yTaMgLay . 2 - BicarNakñúgeBlbriePaKbc©½yTaMgLay . tamBitkarBicarNarbs;Pikçú GñkbriePaKbc©½yTaMgLaymancIvrCaedIm EdlBicarNafa CaFatu b¤ Carbs;bdikUl sUm,IkñúgeBl)anmkehIyrkSa Tuk bnÞab;BIeBl)anenaHeTA k¾minmaneTaseLIy sUm,IkñúgeBlbriePaK . teTAenH Cakarvínicä½yEdleFVIkarRBmeRBóg ¬ minmankarsgS½y ¦ kñúg karBicarNanaeBlbriePaKbc©½yenaH ³

karbriePaKman 4 y:ag - efyübriePaK ¬ briePaKdUcCaecar ¦ . - \NbriePaK ¬ briePaKdUcCaGñkCab;bMNul ¦ . - TayC¢briePaK ¬ briePaKdUcCaGñkTTYlmrtk ¦ .


220 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

- samIbriePaK ¬ briePaKdUcCam©as;rbs; ¦ . kñúgbriePaK 4 y:agenaH karbriePaKrbs;PikçúRTúsþsIl GgÁúyenAkñúg kNþalsgÇ k¾eQµaHfa efyübriePaK . karbriePaKbc©½yEdlxøÜnmin)anBicarNarbs;PikçúGñkmansIl eQµaH fa \NbriePaK . eRBaHehtuenaH cIvr PikçúKb,IBicarNaRKb; ² eBlEdlbriePaK / biNÐ)atKb,IBicarNaRKb; ² eBlEdlTMBaelb / ebIminGacy:agenaH Kb,IBicarNakñúgeBlmunqan; kñúgeBleRkayqan; kñúgyamxagedIm kñúg yamkNþal yamcugeRkay ¬ eBlNamYy ¦ ebIPikçúenaHmin)anBicarNa rhUtdl;GruNrHeLIg elakrEmgtaMgenAkñúgzan³ \NbriePaK sUm,I esnasn³ Kb,IBicarNaRKb; ² eBlEdleRbIR)as; karmanstisRgÜm TaMgkñúgeBlTTYlTaMgeBlbriePaKePsC¢³rEmgKYr sUm,IdUecñH eBlPikçú BicarNakñúgeBlTTYl ehIymin)anBicarNakñúgeBlbriePaKb:ueNÑaH Ca Gabtþi EtebImin)anBicarNakñúgeBlTTYl BicarNakñúgeBlbriePaK min CaGabtþi >>>.

suT§i man 4 y:ag

- eTsnasuT§i ¬ brisuT§edaykarsEmþg ¦ . - sMvrsuT§i ¬ brisuT§edaykarsRgÜm ¦ . ¬ brisuT§edaykarEsVgrk ¦ . - brieydæísuT§i - bc©evkçNsuT§i ¬ brisuT§edaykarBicarNa ¦ . kñúgsuT§i 4 y:agenaH )adiemakçsMvrsIl eQµaHfa eTsnasuT§i ehtu Edl)adiemakçsMvrsIlenaH elakehAfa eTsnasuT§i eRBaH brisuT§eday


221 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

karsEmþg . \®niÞysMvrsIl eQµaHfa sMvrsuT§i ehtuEdl\®niÞysMvrsIl enaH elakehAfa sMvrsuT§i eRBaHbrisuT§edaykarsRgÜm KWkartaMgcitþfa {eyIg nwgmineFVIy:agenHeTot } . GaCÍv)arisuT§isIl eQµaHfa brieydæísuT§i ehtuEdlGaCÍv)arisuT§sIl enaH elakehAfa brieydæísuT§i eRBaHbrisuT§edaykarEsVgrkrbs;PikçúGñk lHbg;Gensna júaMgbc©½y[ekIteLIgedayFm’d¾RbéB . bc©ybriePaKsnñisSitsIl eQµaHfa bc©evkçNsuT§i ehtuEdl bc©ybriePaKsnñisSitsIlenaH elakehAfa bc©evkçNsuT§i eRBaHbrisuT§ edaykarBicarNa dUcEdleBalmkehIy ehtuenaH´m©as;eTIbeBalfa { min)anBicarNakñúgeBlTTYl EtBicarNakñúgeBlbriePaKminCaGabtþi } dUecñH . karbriePaKbc©½yrbs;RBHeskç³ 7 BYk eQµaHfa TayC¢briePaK eRBaHfa RBHeskç³ 7 BYkenaH Cabutþrbs;RBHmanRBHPaK ehtuenaH eTIb elakCaTayaTénbc©½yTaMgLay EdlCasm,tþirbs;RBHbita / karbriePaK bc©½yTaMgLayenaH sYrfa { elakTaMgLayenaH briePaKbc©½yrbs; RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as; b¤ briePaKbc©½yrbs;RKhsß } eqøIyfa { bc©½y TaMgLaysUm,IRKhsßfVay Etk¾rab;fa Carbs;RBHmanRBHPaK)an eRBaH Carbs;EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;GnuBaØatþ ehtuenaH RBHeskç³TaMgLay bNÐit Kb,IRCabfa elakbriePaKbc©½yrbs;RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as; } Bit ehIy FmµTayaTsURtCaeRKÓgsaFk³kñúgesckþIenH / karbriePaKrbs; RBHxINaRsBTaMgLay eQµaHfa samIbriePaK ehtuEdlRBHxINaRsB TaMgLayeQµaHfa samIbriePaK eRBaHknøgPaBCaTas³éntNða)anehIy.


222 vísuT§imKÁ ehtu[sIlseRmc

kñúgbriePaKTaMgLayenaH samIbriePaK 1 TayC¢briePaK 1 rEmgKYr dl;bBVCítRKb;cMBUk cMENk \NbriePaK rEmgminKYr ¬ dl;bBVCítTaMg BYg ¦ kñúgefyübriePaKmincaM)ac;eBaldl;eLIy / ÉkarbriePaKbc©½y EdlxøÜnBicarNaehIyrbs;PikçúGñkmansIl karbriePaKenaH eQµaHfa kar briePaKminmanbMNul eRBaHCasRtÚvdl;\NbriePaKk¾)an b¤ se®gÁaH cUlkñúgTayC¢briePaKk¾ )andUcKña eRBaHbuKÁlEdlmansIlk¾GacehAfa eskç³)an eRBaHRbkbRBmedaysikça ¬ KWsIl ¦ ÉkñúgbriePaKTaMgLay enH eRBaHehtuEdlsamIbriePaKéRkElgCageK ehtuenaHbc©ysnñisSitsIl kalPikçúR)afñasamIbriePaKenaH BicarNaedaybc©evkçN³ dUcEdl )aneBalehIy ehIybriePaK ¬ enaHÉg ¦ Kb,IeFVI[dl;RBm)an . PikçúEdleFVIy:agenH rEmgeQµaHfaCa kic©karI BitehIy BaküenHelak eBalTukfa ³ { sav½kEdlmanbBaØaRbéB )ansþab;Fm’EdlRBHsuKtsasþaRTg; sEmþgehIy Kb,IBicarNaCamunehIy eTIbesBnUvdMu)ay TIenA TIGgÁúy TIedk TwksRmab;e)aksm¥atFUlIEdlCab;sMBt;sgÇadI eRBaHehtuenaH Ég PikçúeTIbCaGñkminCab;enAkñúgvtßúTaMgLayenH KW kñúgdMu)ay kñúgTIedk TI GgÁúy nigkñúgTwksRmab;e)aksm¥atFUlIEdlCab;sMBt;sgÇadI dUcCadMNk; TwkCab;enAelIsøwkQUkdUecñaH / Gñk)anGaharedaykarGnueRKaHcMeBaHCn déTtam kalehIy Kb,ItaMg ¬ sti ¦ [maMTaMCanic© dwgRbmaNkñúgrbs; TMBa kñúgrbs;qan; nig kñúgrbs;eRkbCBa¢k;TaMgLaydUc ¬ buKÁl ekItdMe)A ¦ dwgRbmaNkñúgkardak;fñaMrkSadMe)A dUecñaH PikçúKb,ICaGñkmin»n qan;Gahar lµmEtjúaMgrUbkay[RbRBwtþeTA)anb:ueNÑaH dUc ¬ sVamIPriya ¦ sIusac;kUn ÉgkñúgpøÚvknþar ¬ edIm,I[rYcBIsøab;qøgpøÚvknþareTA)anb:ueNÑaH ¦ dUcCa ¬ Gñk


223 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

CMnYjtamreTH¦ bnþk;eRbgePøAreTHedIm,I[reTHeTAdl;eKaledAb:ueNÑaH}. kñúgPaBCaGñkeFVIbc©ysnñisSitsIlenH[bribUN’ KYreBalerOgsgÇrkçitsameNr ¬ Ca]TahrN_ ¦ eRBaHsameNrenaHBicarNaedayl¥ ehIy eTIbbriePaK dUcelakeBalRbvtþixøÜnÉgTukfa { RBH]bCÄay_eBal nwg´m©as; EdlkMBugbriePaK)ayRsÚvsalIy:agRtCak;fa En ¡ sameNr GñkkMuCaGñkminsRgÜm kMudutGNþat¬xøÜnÉg¦eLIy ´m©as;sþab;Bakürbs;RBH ]bCÄay_ehIy )annUvesckþIsegVK kñúgkalenaH ´m©as;GgÁúyenAkñúg Gasn³enaHÉg k¾)anseRmcRBHGrhtþ ´m©as;enaH mankarBicarNa eBjbribUN’ehIy dUcCaRBHcn½Þkñúgéf¶ 15 ekIt dUecñaH CaGñkGs;ehIynUv Gasv³TaMgLay \LÚvenHPBfµÍminmaneToteT } dUecñH ehtuenaH sUm,I kulbutþdéT kalebIR)afñanUvkarGs;Tukç Kb,IBicarNaedayl¥ehIyswm esBnUvbc©½yTaMgLaycuH . sIl 4 y:agEdlcat;Ca)arisuT§isIl man)atiemakçsMvrsIlCaedIm Kb,IRCabdUcEdl)aneBalehIymkdUecñHÉg .

mhadÍka BN’naehtuEdleFVI[sIlseRmcdl;RBm elakGacarübMNgnwgsEmþgnUvsIlEdl)ansEmþgGFib,ayTuk eday esckþIepSgKñaénsIl man)adiemakçsMvrsIlCaedIm tamRbkardUcEdl eBalmkehIy edaykarEckehtuEdlnaM[sIlseRmc eTIbepþÍmBaküfa { Évemtsµw } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbTTaMgLayenaH Baküfa saFn eRBaHGtßfa CaehtuseRmc KW


224 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

[dl;RBm / )adiemakçsMvrsIl eQµaHfa sT§asaFn eRBaHGtßfa man sT§aCaehtu[seRmc . Etfa sUm,IevorcakvÍriy³ sti nig bBaØa ecj )adiemakçsMvrsIlk¾seRmcmin)anEmnb¤ ? elakGacarükalnwgsEmþgfa BitehIy seRmcmin)an / EtEdleBaly:agenH sMedAykPav³énsT§aCa ehtuBiess eTIbeBalfa { eRBaHkarEdlRTg;bBaØtþsikçabTknøg vís½yrbs;sav½k } dUecñH . elakGacarükalsEmþgfa eQµaHfa karEdlRTg;bBaØtþsikçabT KWsm KYreTAtamkMhusenaH ² kñúgvtßúEdldak;cuH ¬ EdlknøgelµIs ¦ Edlman RbePTCaeTasF¶n; eTasRsalCaedIm minEmnvís½yrbs;sav½kTaMgLay / Cavís½yrbs;RBHBuT§Cam©as;TaMgLayb:ueNÑaH . elIkkarbBaØtþisikçabT TuksincuH . eQµaHfa sUm,IEtkalénkarbBaØtþisikçabTTaMgenaH k¾minEmn Cavís½yrbs;sav½kTaMgLayEdr / Cavís½yrbs;RBHBuT§TaMgLayb:ueNÑaH dUecñHeTIbeBalfa { karRtas;hamcMeBaHkarTUlsMu[RTg;bBaØtþsikçabT CaniTsSn³kñúgerOgenH } dUecñH . BitehIy RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;Tukfa { GaKemhi tVM saributþ GaKemhi tVM saributþ tfaKetav ttß kalM CanisSti } mñalsarIbutþ GñkkMueLIy / mñalsarIbutþ GñkkuMeLIy tfaKtb:ueNÑaHEdldwgkalkñúgkar bBaØtþisikçabTenaHdUecñH .

c s½BÞ kñúgbTfa ectß enaHmanGtßfa rUmcUlTuk . eday c s½BÞ enaH Kb,IRCabdl;karrYmykBaküeBalmany:agenHfa { GbBaØtþM n bBaØaebm bBaØtþM n smucäinñTam yfabBaØetþsu sikçabeTsu smaTay vtþam } BYkeyIgnwgminbBaØtþsikçabTEdlRTg;min)anbBaØtþTuk / BYkeyIgnwgmindk


225 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

sikçabTEdlRTg;bBaØtþTukehIy / BYkeyIgnwgsmaTanRbRBwtþkñúgsikçabT TaMgLaytamEdlRTg;bBaØtþTukdUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa edaysT§a KW edaykarkan;ykedaysT§a )andl; edaykar eFVI[taMgeLIgcMeBaHedaysT§akñúgRBHsasþa nig kñúgRBHFm’ / GFib,ayfa sUm,IkñúgCÍvít ¬ k¾mineFVIesckþIGal½y ¦ caM)ac;eBalfVÍdl;brikçarénCÍvít . Baküfa dUcstVRtedovvícrkSaBg mann½yfa dUcstVeQµaHRtedov vícrkSaBgrbs;xøÜn . )anB¤mkfa stVRtedovvíc rEmglHbg;CÍvítedÍm,I rkSaBgb:ueNÑaH . Baküfa dUccamrIrkSaeramknÞúy )andl; dUcstV eQµaHcamrIrkSanUveramknÞúyrbs;xøÜn . )anB¤mkfa stVcamrIEdlRtÚvRBan éRBeFVI[rGildYl rEmglHbg;CÍvítedÍm,IrkSaeramknÞúyrbs;xøÜnEdlCab; enAkñúgbnøaCaedÍmenaHÉg . Kb,InaM 3bTfa biyMv butþM ÉkáM mksm<n§Kña . CaBakü]bmaEdlelakGacarüeBalTuk Tak;TgnwgkarxVayxVl;rkSa dUcCa kudum<ImanbutþEtmYy rEmgrkSabutþEtmYyy:agl¥ / mü:ageTot buKÁlman EPñkEtmçag rEmgrkSaEPñkEtmçagenaHTuky:agl¥ y:agNa . PikçúcaMrkSa sIl k¾y:agenaHdUcKña dUecñH . bTfa suebsla ERbfa mansIlCaTI RsLaj;edayl¥ . kñúgkalRKb;eBl KW kñúgkalCaPikçúkMelaH CaPikçúv½y kNþal nig CaRBHefr³RKb;kalTaMgBYg . PikçúeQµaHfa mankareKarB k¾eRBaHTak;TgedayKarvFm’TaMg 6 mann½yfa CaGñkmankareFVI[R)akd c,as; . Baküfa dUecñaHdUcKña mann½yfa mhasmuRTmankartaMgenA yWnyUrCaFmµtaminehorRcaMgy:agNa sav½kTaMgLayrbs;tfaKt k¾ dUecñaHdUcKña . Baküfa sav½kTaMgLayrbs;tfaKt Rtas;sMedAdl;RBH Griysav½kTaMgLay . eRBaHfa manEtRBHGriysav½kb:ueNÑaH CaGñkman


226 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

sIlmaMTaM . Baküfa kñúgesckþIenH KW kñúgerOgEdlminknøgsIl sUm,I eRBaHehtuénCÍvít . eQµaHfa éRBRkas;mhavtþ )andl; éRBRkas;mYy kEnøg . GacarüxøHfa éRBRkas;EdlenACítéRBhimBanþ . Baküfa RBH efr³ )andl; RBHefr³mYyGgÁminR)akdeQµaH nigeKaRt. ecarcgRBHefr³ [swg / bBa¢afa ¬ eyIg ¦ eTAehIykMuR)ab;dl;nrNa ² dUecñH . bTfa bUtiltay ERbfa eRbIvløiepam . Baküfa smsIsI )andl; CÍvítsmsIsI . GrhtþmKÁrbs;RBHGriybuKÁlNa eFVIGvíC¢aEdlCak,al rbs;kiels[dac;eTAtamlMdab;mKÁ / bnÞab;BIenaHeTA kalminmankar taMgmaMkñúgbc©evkçNBaØaNTI 19 ehIyFøak;cuHkan;PvgÁ cuticitþ k¾eFVI CÍvíti®nÞIy_EdlCasIs³rbs;xn§kMBugrs;enA[Gs;eTA / RBHGriybuKÁlenaH elakehAfa { CÍvítsmsIsI } eRBaHmanvar³RBmKñaenaHÉg . RBHefr³ enaHbriniBVanehIyedayGakarenaH . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak eBalfa { CasmsIsI briniBVaneTA } dUecñH . GacarüCaeRcInelakeBalfa )an B¤mkfa RBHGP½yetßr elakmanGPiBaØaeRcIn . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelak [sagectiyTukdUecñH . Baküfa Geb,v mann½yfa eTaHy:agNa sUm,ICÍvítrbs;xøÜnk¾lHbg; )an . bTfa n PienÞ ERbfa minKb,ITmøay KW minKb,IQanknøg . Baküfa ¬ \®nÞIy_TaMgLay ¦ EdlstitaMgmaMehIy KW \®nÞIy_ TaMgLayEdlsticUleTAtaMgTukmaMehIy taMgmaMehIy edayTak;Tgnwg karrkSaTuk . Baküfa eRBaHFm’TaMgLayman GPiCÄaCaedÍmnwghUreTA tammin)an mann½yfa eRBaHFm’TaMgLay manGPiCÄaCaedÍm minKb,ICab; tamedayPaBCaTVar . bTfa vrM ERbfa RbesIr . bTfa ttþay ERbfa


227 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

dut . bTfa GaTitþay )andl; ekþAmktaMgBIedIm . bTfa sm,C¢litay )andl; eqHrnÞaledayCMuvíj . Baküfa ekItmanBnøWRcalrnÞal KW ekIt GNþatePøIg . bTfa sm,limdæM ¬ RtÚvsgát;cuH ¦ KW RtÚvGt;RTaMeday GakarTaMgBYg mann½yfa RtÚveFVI[vínas . Kb,InaMBakücUlmkP¢ab;Kñafa n etVv vrM . Baküfa kñúgrUbTaMgLay KW kñúgrU)armµN_TaMgLay . Bakü fa karkan;yknUvnimitþedayGnuBüBa¢n³ KW karkan;yknUvnimitþ man suPnimitþCaedIm edayGMNackareFVIkielsTaMgLay[Cak;c,as;erOy ² KWedayGMNac kareFVI[R)akd edaykareFVI[ekIteLIg . mü:ageTot Baküfa edayGnuBüBa¢n³ )andl; karkan;yknUvnimitþ man\tßInimitþ burisnimitþ nig suPnimitþCaedIm . Baküfa ckçúTVarahib,vtþsS ERbfa RbRBwtþeTAtamckçúTVarCaedÍm . Baküfa eBlvíBaØaN KW eBlCvnvíBaØaN . P¢ab;esckþIfa PikçúEdl hamkarkan;yknUvnimitþ Kb,IjúaMg\®nÞiysMvr[dl;RBm)an . bTfa GsMvíhitsaxabrivarM ERbfa EdlminmankarB½T§rbgkarBar edayl¥ . Baküfa BYkecarEdlmankarbøn;GñkdéTCaRbRktI )andl; BYkecarEdlbøn;vtßúrbs;GñkdéTCaRbRktI . Baküfa rEmghUreRsac KW rEmgFøaycUleTAedayRbkarTaMgBYg . Baküfa eRBaHrUb KW eRBaHehtuénrUb )andl; eRBaHrUbCa ehtu . P¢ab;esckþIfa Kb,IrkSa\®nÞIy_ [q¶ayBIesckþIvínas EdlekIteLIg ¬ eRBaHrUb ¦ . kñúgGarmµN_d¾ess k¾y:agenH . Baküfa eRBaHfaTVarTaMgLayenH )andl; TVarTaMgLay manckçúTVar CaedÍm. CakarRtas;GFib,ayTukedayBaküeBalCakarNUbcarn½y¬eBal


228 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

Tak;Tgdl;ehtu ¦fa TVareQµaHfa ebIkTuk eRBaHmin)anbiTkarBarTukeday snÞHTVar KW sti eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbeQµaHfa minrkSaTuk . rEmg ebotebonPikçúEdlRBmeRBógedayTVarenaH edayPaBCaehtu[ekIteLIgén kielsdUecñH . n½ymü:ageTot CakarRtas;GFib,ayTukedayBaküniyay CakarNUbcarn½yenaHÉgfa Fm’TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm TaMgLayenaH CaGarmµN_rbs;kiels / CaTVar )andl; CaTVarrbs;ckçúCaedIm . dUcEdl ebIkTukminrkSaTukTaMgLayenaH enH rEmgebotebonbuKÁlEdlRBmeRBóg edayFm’manrUbCaedIm nig TVarmanckçúTVarCaedImenaH eRBaHehtuénckçú CaedImEdlmin)ansRgÜm . bTfa GKarM ERbfa pÞH . Baküfa EdlRbk; minl¥ KW minRbk;karBaredayRtwmRtÚv . Baküfa Edlmin)anGb;rM KW EdlevorcakelakutþrPavna . xøwmsarrbs;Baküfa EdlCacMENkbrisuT§ Edlfa eBleFVI[dl;RBm )anehIyCaedIm Kb,IRCabedaybriyaypÞúyKña dUcEdleBalehIycuH . karmineFVIkiels[ekIteLIgedayRbkarTaMgBYgenH cat;CaeTsnad¾]Rkidæ éRkElg eRBaHdUcCakarmkehIyedaymKÁ . Baküfa nwgKb,IeFVI ¬ \®nÞiysMvr ¦ [dl;RBm)an KW nwgKb,IeFVI[ dl;RBm)anedayesckþIhµt;ct; eRBaHkartaMgcitþTukfa { eyIgnwgmineFVI y:agenHeTot } dUecñH . 2bTfa GFuna bBVCíetn ERbfa GñkbYsminTan;)anyUr mann½yfa bYs)anfµÍ ² . Baküfa ´m©as;RtÚvkamraK³duteral KW ´m©as;RtÚvePøIg KW kamraK³duteral . RBHvgÁÍsetßr kalnwgsEmþgfa esckþIekþARkhay enaH ekIteLIgkñúgcitþ enAkñúgevlaenH dUecñHeTIbeBalfa { citþrbs; rbs;´m©as;


229 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

GnÞHGEnÞg } dUecñH . Baküfa saFu CaBaküesñIsMu . Baküfa ])ay rMlt; KW ])ayrMlt;nUvesckþIGnÞHGEnÞgenaH . RBHvgÁÍsetßrehARBHGannÞetßredayeKaRtfa bBiRtelakeKatmeKaRt. Baküfa eRBaHkarbnþeTAxusénsBaØa KW eRBaHehtuénkarbnþeTAxus énsBaØaEdlekIteLIgfa { s¥atkñúgvtßúEdlmins¥at } KW eRBaHsBaØavíbrit Caehtu . sYrfa sUmelakcUrevornUvsuPnimitþ dUcemþc ? eqøIyfa cUrevor KW cUrkMueFVITukkñúgcitþnUvsuPnimitþEdlRbkbedayraK³ KW EdlCaehtu[ekIt eLIgénraK³ . minEmnRtwmEtCaGñkmineFVITukkñúgcitþnUvsuPnimitþ Etmü:ag b:ueNÑaHeT Etfa cUrGb;rMcitþrbs;xøÜneday GsuPPavna pg . sYrfa Gb;rMy:agNa ? eqøøIyfa cUrGb;rM[manGarmµN_EtmYytaMgmaMl¥ KW cUrGb;rMnUvcitþenaH[manGarmµN_EtmYy eRBaHminmanesckþIraymay nig CaFmµCatitaMgmaMl¥ eRBaHmankartaMgmaM y:agl¥ kñúgGarmµN_Edlmin s¥at dUecñaHcuH . RBHGannÞetßr kalsEmþgnUvkarRKbsgát;nUvkamraK³edaysmfPavna y:agenHehIy \LÚvenH bMNgnwgsEmþgnUvvíFIkat;pþac; eTIbeBalfa { sgçaer } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgenaH Baküfa cUrBicarNa[eXIjnUvsgçarTaMgLay edayPaBCarbs;déT )andl; cUrBicarNa[eXIjnUvsgçarTaMgLay sUm,ITaMgGs;fa { Carbs;déT } eRBaH Gtßfa minsþab;bgÁab; .

edayPaBCaTukç eRBaHRtÚvkarekIteLIg nig karrlt;eTA ebotebon eRBaHehtu Carbs;mineTog nig cUrBicarNaedayPaBminEmnCaxøÜn eRBaH minEmnCatYxøÜn CasPav³ nig eRBaHevorcaktYxøÜn .


230 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

eBlelakelIksgçarTaMgLayeLIgkan;éRtlkçN_ ceRmInvíbsSna y:agenH k¾júaMgraK³[Gs;eTA edayRbkarTaMgBYgedaymKÁTI 4 tam lMdab;mKÁ KW nwgcUleTAs¶b;raK³ eRBaHmanGarmµN_ eRcIneTAedaykar RKbsgát;nUvFm’EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 )an . RBHGannÞetßr)andas;etOn RBHvgÁÍsetßr[RbkbkñúgkarbenÞabg;kamraK³[F¶n;CagenaHeTotfa kMuCa GñkekþARkhayerOy ² eLIy dUckñúgbTenHÉgCaedIm . elakGacarükalnwgsEmþgvíFIEdleFVI\®nÞiysMvrsIl[dl;RBm y:ag enHehIy bMNgsEmþgesckþIfa \®nÞiysMvrsIlenaHnwgeFVI[dl;RBm)an l¥ k¾edayGakary:agenH dUecñH eTIbsEmþg dl;RBHefr³TaMgLayEdlCa GñkeFVI[bribUrkñúg\®nÞiysMvrsIlenaHTuk edayBaküfa { Gbic } dUecñH CaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa minFøab;RkeLkemIlCBa¢aMgl¥agPñM enHelakeBalTuk eRBaHRBHefr³ CaGñkRkeLkemIlmYyCYrnwmkñúgTITaMg BYg . sYrfa RBHefr³ minsm¥atesnasn³eTb¤ ? eRBaHfa manBaküRtas; Tukfa {]eløaka bfmM »haer tBVM}¬ kñúgvíharKb,IRkeLkemIlelIebIman srésBIgBagKb,Ism¥atecj ¦ CaedIm. eqøIyfa )anB¤fa BYkGenþvasik CaedImenaHÉg CRmHesnasn³rbs;elak[s¥at . bTfa GsS eyaK naKrukçsS ERbfa edImxÞwgenaH . Baküfa kñúglEgVkpÞH KW kñúglEgVkpÞHFM . ®sþITaMgLayNamanbutþ nig FIta CaekµgtUcenAe)AedaH ®sþITaMgLayenaHeQµaHfa truNbuetþa ®sþIkUnx©I )andl; ¬ [rMuedaH ¦ ®sþIkUnx©ITaMgLayenaH . Baküfa [Rbfab;Rta KW [rMuedaHedaysMBt;sRmab;rMu ehIyeRbIraCRta


231 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

Rbfab;Tuk . RBHraCakalRTg;eFVIkarBnüaeBl edIm,IRTg;eXIjRBHefr³ )anyUr eTIbeBalfa { Es¥kenH´m©as;nwgTTYlsIl } dUecñH . RBHefr³ kñúgeBlRBHraCafVaybgÁMkþI RBHeTvÍfVaybgÁMkþI rEmgkan;ykRtwmEtCaGakar énéd Etmin)aneFVIkarEbgEck[epSgKñafa burs b¤ ®sþI . eRBaHehtuenaHeTIbelakeBalfa { ´min)aneFVIkarkMNt; } dUecñH . eTvtasresIrfa { » ¡ RBHKuNm©as;GgÁenH mansIlbrisuT§l¥ hñ+ ¡ } dUecñHeTIbkan;RbTIbmandgBIrfVay . Baküfa ¬ kmµdæanrbs;RBHefr³ ¦ CaFmµCatiRtcHRtcg; brisuT§éRk Elg KW kmµdæanCaFmµCatiRtcHRtcg; brisuT§hYsBIkareRbób)an eRBaH )annUvsb,ay³ . Baküfa júaMgPñMTUeTA[keRmIk )andl; eFVIPñMTaMgGs; [lan;B¤RBmKña eRBaHkarj½rénEpndÍ GacarüxøHeBalfa eRBaHBYkeTvtaenA TIenaH[sBVsaFukardUecñH . Baküfa PJak; KW reGIledayxøac . bTfa Baela )andl; ekµgx©I . Baküfa P½yxøac KW P½yxøaceRBaHkarR)as cakBYkjati . Baküfa eraKbUsmanBis elakeBaldl;eraKdMNYcBisenAelIedaH . GacarüBYkxøHeBalfa sUm,IeraK maneraKmas³ ¬ eraKdMNYcBisdUcRKab; edaH ¦ CaedIm k¾eQµaHfa eraKbUsmanBisdUecñH . eQµaHfa GatµabYs ehIytaMgBIeBlNa / cab;taMgBIeBlenaH mann½yfa cab;taMgBIeBl GatµabYs . Baküfa Tmøay\®nÞIy_TaMgLay KW Tmøay\®nÞiysMvrsIl . BitehIy eBl\®nÞiysMvrsIlTaMgLayenaHEbkFøayehIy sUm,I\®nÞIy_ TaMgLay k¾eBal)anfa EbkFøayehIy eRBaHKµankarrkSaTuk / mü:ag eTot \®nÞIy_TaMgLayCaTVarénkarRbkan;nUvnimitþ nig GnuBüBa¢n³enaHÉg


232 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

eQµaHfa CakarEbkFøay eRBaHCaehtu[ekItesckþIvínasdl;buKÁlGñk RBmeRBógeday\®nÞIy_enaH / Kb,IRCabfa minEbkFøayedaybriyaypÞúy Kña . GacarümYyBYkeToteBalfa mü:ageTot karbeg¥an\®nÞIy_TaMgLay cUleTA¬ kan;GarmµN_ ¦ edayminRtÚv])ay eQµaHfa CakareFVI[EbkFøay/ karbeg¥ancUleTAedayRtÚv])ay eQµaHfa CakarmineFVI[EbkFøaydUecñH . bTfa mitþetßerav ERbfa dUcCaRBHmhamitþetßr . bTfa ver ERbfa d¾ RbesIr . bTfa tfa vÍrieyn ¬ edayvÍriy³dUecñH ¦ mann½yfa elakeFVI vÍriy³[Ebkeday tfa s½BÞ . sti EdlmanlkçN³minmaneTasenaH Ég Caehtu[seRmcnUv\®nÞiysMvrsIly:agNa / vÍriy³ Edlminman eTas k¾Caehtu[seRmcnUvGaCÍv)arisuT§isIldUecñaH dUcKña . Kb,IeXIj karsmøwgdl;vÍriy³ enaHÉgfa CakarEdlelakeFVI[EbøkKña . eRBaHehtu enaHÉg eTIbelakeBalfa {esckþIBüayamEdlPikçúR)arB§ehIyedayl¥} dUecñH . karEsVgrkEdlminRbéB eQµaHfa Gensna se®gÁaHykmicäaCÍv³ tamEdleBalehIy. Gensna enaHÉg eQµaHfa Gb,dírU)a eRBaHGtßfa minsmKYrcMeBaHBaküeRbónRbedArbs;RBHsasþa )andl; ¬ lH ¦ karEsVg rkEdlminRtwmRtÚv minsmKYrenaHÉg . n½ymü:ageTot karEsVgrkEdlCasRtÚvdl;PaBsmKYr eQµaHfa kar EsVgrkminsmKYr sRmab;PikçúEdlkan;ykFutgÁ )andl; karEsVgrkxusBI karkMNt;rbs;FutgÁ Cakarbdibtþirbs;PikçúGgÁNamYyEdljúaMgseløxFm’ ¬ Fm’CaeRKÓgdusxat;kiels ¦ [keRmIk . c s½BÞ kñúgcMENkenH elak sEmþgGFib,ayfa RtÚvlb;ecj mann½yfa lHbg;karEsVgrkEdlmin RtwmRtÚv nig karEsVgrkEdlminsmKYr . P¢ab;esckþIfa bdíesvnaenn


233 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

brivC¢yta sm,aeTtBVa ERbfa ¬ GaCÍv)arisuT§ienH ¦ PikçúEdlesBehIy evorehIy Kb,I[dl;RBm)an . edayBaküfa ¬ EdlmankarekIteLIg d¾brisuT§ ¦ enHÉg EdlelakGacarüsEmþgPav³énKuNTaMgLay man FmµeTsnaCaedIm manGFüaRs½yd¾brisuT§Casmudæan eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb elakeBalfa { rbs;BYkRKhsßEdlCaGñkRCHføakñúgKuNTaMgLay manFmµeTsnaCaedImrbs;elak } dUecñH . eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ ERbfa CaedIm ¦ Kb,IRCabdl;karkan;yknUvKuNTaMgLay manPaBCaGñk)an sþab;eRcIn karbribUrN_énvtþ kardl;RBmén\riyabfCaedIm . sUm,Ikñúg BaküenHfa GñkRCHføakñúgFutgÁKuNrbs;elak k¾kñúgn½yenHÉg . eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ EdlERbfa CaedIm ¦ fa biNÐ)atcriyaTIhi ERbfa edayvtþmankarnimnþeTAbiNÐ)atCaedIm Kb,IeXIjfa se®gÁaHykkar RbRBwtþi mankaresBKb;mitþl¥ sMLaj;l¥ nig karRTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUl CaedIm . Baküfa edayGnuelamtamkarkMNt;rbs;FutgÁ KW edayTak;Tg CamYynwgx>bdibtþiEdlkMNt;TukkñúgFutgÁenaHÉg ² mann½yfa Tak;Tg nwgkarmineFVI[keRmIk . buKÁlR)afñaeRcInb:ueNÑaH EdlmankarciBa©wmCÍvít edaymicäaCÍv³ buKÁlR)afñatic mindUecñaH. elakGacarüeBalfa { edIm,ICa RbeyaCn_dl;karrm¶ab;karQWcab;enaHmü:ag} dUecñHCaedIm edIm,IsEmþg fa micäaCÍv³minGacekIteLIg)aneLIy kalebIesckþIR)afñaticenaH dl; kRmit . kñúgbTTaMgLayenaH bTfa bUtihrIdkI )andl; sm:EdlRtaMeday TwkmURts¥úy b¤ EdleKe)aHecalehIy edayPaBCarbs;s¥úy . PikçúeQµaH


234 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

fa GriyvMsik eRBaHGtßfa manGriyvgS b¤ RbkbkñúgGriyvgS PikçúeQµaH fa CaGñkx<g;x<s; eRBaHlHbg;nUvesckþIR)afñakñúgbc©½y [enAkñúgTIq¶ay)an ehIypg PikçúenaHÉgCa GriyvMsik pg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa ]tþmGriyvMsik . Baküfa ¬ rEmgminKYr ¦ dl;PikçúrUbNamYy KW dl;PikçúGgÁNamYy kñúgbNþaPikçúEdlkan;FutgÁ nig min)ankan;FutgÁ . karsMedAcMeBaHbc©½yTaMgLay ehIyeFVInimitþEdleFVI[GñkdéTGac dwgnUvbMNg)an eQµaHfa nimitþ . karmineBalRtg; ² Etmþg eBal bBaäitbeBaäógcMeBaHbMNg ¬ rbs;xøÜn ¦ k¾R)akdc,as;dl; ¬ GñkdéT ¦ )an eQµaHfa »Pas . kareBaledaymanbriyay ¬ eBalEGb ² ¦ eQµaHfa brikfa . Baküfa ¬ ePsC¢³ ¦ EdlekIteLIgedayGakarenaH KW ekIteLIg ehIyedayTak;TgGakar mannimitþCaedIm . bTfa RbTan»kasTuk[ehIy KWRbTan»kas cMeBaHkarbriePaK Tuk[ehIy eRBaHeraKCasMxan; . eRBaHdUcenaH eTIbKYrbriePaK)an sUm,I kñúgeBlEdlminmaneraK KWfa minCaGabtþi . eRBaHehtuenaHeTIbGacarüGñkRTRTg;RBHsURteBalfa { minCaGabtþi k¾Bit } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa eTIbminKYr KW minKYrdl;PikçúGñktaMgenAkñúg seløxbdibtþi GFib,ayfa nwgeFVIseløxFm’[keRmIkeTA . edayBaküfa {EtnwgeFVIGaCÍv³[keRmIk)an} enaHÉg GacarüRTRTg;RBHsURtTaMgLay eBal ¬ GFib,ay ¦ fa GakarTaMgLay mannimitþCaedIm minKYrdl;Pikçú EdlRTRTg;FutgÁkñúgx>EdlTak;Tgnwgesnasn³ ¬ minEmncMeBaHEterOg ePsC¢³b:ueNÑaHeT ¦ . GacarümYyBYkeToteBalfa rEmgminKYrTal;Et


235 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

esaH sUm,IcMeBaHPikçúEdlRTg;RTg;FutgÁdéT ² eRkABIx>EdlTak;Tgnwg esnasn³enaH . Baküfa kalmineFVI KI kalmineFVIGakarTaMgLay mannimitþCaedIm sUm,ICavís½yEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;GnuBaØatTukcMeBaHxøÜn EtmYyGgÁk¾ eday . bTfa GBaØeRtv ERbfa evorb:ueNÑaH . elakGacarüeBaldl;RBHmhaefr³ EdllHbg;karenAedayKN³ ehIyenAedayGrhtþplsmabtþiEdlCakMBUlénbdibsST§ivíevkenAkñúgéRB fa { kalnwgceRmInvíevk } dUecñH . GaBaF eRBaHxül;EdlGaRs½yépÞ eQµaHfa GaBaFeRBaHxül;kñúgépÞ . )ay eQµaHfa manTwkedaHsuT§ eRBaHGtßfa manTwkedaHEdlminman vtßúdéTlay)ayenaHÉgCa )ayas eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa )ayaslayTwkedaHsuT§ mann½yfa )ayas EdldaMedayTwkedaHmin layCamYyTwk. bTfa tsS eyaK )ayasSs ERbfa én)ayasenaH . Baküfa mUlénkarekIteLIg )andl; ehtuénkarekIteLIg eBalKW karbnøWnUvvacarbs;xøÜnfa { kñúgkalEdlenACaRKhsß matarbs;´)an[ )ayasTwkedaHsuT§ pSMCamYyTwkedaHføa TwkXMµú nig sár GMeBA ´manesckþI sux)an edayehtuenaH } dUecñH . sYrfa eRBaHehtuGVI eTIbRBHsarIbutþeBalfa { CabiNÐ)atEdlmin KYrbriePaK } dUecñH RBHefr³minKitnwgeFVI»Pas ¬ karsEmþgGakar[dwg ¦ [ekIteLIgeLIy BitEmnb¤ ? eqøIyfa minmank¾Bit Etfa RBHefr³Kitfa bufuC¢nBYkxøHEdlmindwgGFüaRs½ynwgsmÁal;y:agenaH)an ¬ KWKb,IsmÁal;


236 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

fa eyIgeFVI»PasCaedIm ¦ nigkñúgGnaKt PikçúEdlRbRBwtþRBhµcarürYmKña TaMgLay nwgdl;nUvTidæanuKti ¬ ykKMrU ¦ tameyIgy:agenH)an dUecñH eTIb ham)ay)ayasenaHecj . mü:ageTot Caseløxbdibtþi d¾x<g;x<s;éRk Elgrbs;RBHmhaefr³ . BitehIy GaRs½yBaküeBalrbs;PikçúkMelaHfa { rbs;briePaKsMbUrN_ nrNaeTAmineBjcitþ } dUecñH / elakk¾min RBmbriePaKrbs;EdleKfVaytameRkayeTot rhUtdl;briniBVan . Baküfa eRBaHkarpSayeTAénvcIvíBaØtþi mann½yfa eRBaHehtu KWBakü bnøWeLIg . BitehIy sMeLgEdlkMBugekIteLIgEdlTak;TgnwgkareFVI[ eKdwgnUvesckþIR)afña sUm,IenAminTan;mankardågnUvesckþIR)afña k¾RbRBwtþ eTAedayGMNacénvcIvíBaØtþienaHÉg kñúgeBlvcIvíBaØtþiCabc©½y edaybc©½y RbePTxøH cMeBaHsMeLgenaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakehAfa { kar pSayeTAénvcIvíBaØtþi } . bTfa Puetþa mann½yfa RbsinebIeyIgCaGñk briePaK . bTfa s mann½yesµInwg GsS / eRBaHfa CaBaküsEmþg GFib,ayedaylb;GkSr G dUckñúgRbeyaKfa { ÉvMs et } CaedIm . bTfa GnþKuNM )andl; eBaHevon . Baküfa Kb,IecjeTAxageRkA KWebII ecjmkBITIGaRs½y ehIyeTAxageRkA edayTak;TgeTAnwgTIkEnøgrksIu . elakeBalTukeTAtamevaharrbs;GñkRsúkenaHÉgedIm,IsEmþgnUvkarR)afña ticy:agéRkElg . BitehIy kñúgpøÚvelak CnTaMgLay kalnwgtiHedol ePaCnEdlminsmKYrbriePaK cUlkñúgeBaH rEmgeBaly:agenHfa { eBaH evonrbs;eK Kb,IecjeTAxageRkA } dUecñH . Baküfa eyIgnwgbgÁab; KW eyIgnwgbgÁab; taMgBIedIm mann½yfa eyIgnwgeFVI[RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGMNac . manerOgeBalmkfa RBHmhatisSetßr kaleFVIdMeNIreTAtampøÚv k¾ekIt


237 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

TurÖikSP½y mankaylM)ak Gs;kmøaMg eRBaHdac;Gahar nig eRBaHkarenOy ht;kñúgkaredIrpøÚv eTIbsRmakenAEk,rKl;sVay EdlmanEpømYyedIm / nig manEpøCaeRcInFøak;enAeRkamedImsVayenaH enATIenaH man])askv½y cMNas;mñak; eTAdl;kEnøgsRmakrbs;RBHefr³ RCabdl;karlM)ak eTIb eFVITwkGm<)an³ ¬ TwkEpøsVay ¦ [qan; elIkelakdak;elIxñgrbs;xøÜn ehIy naMeTAkan;TIsRmak . RBHefr³TUnµanxøÜnÉgfa { ])askenHminEmnbita TaMgminEmnCamatarbs;eyIg minEmnjatiTaMgminEmnCaepABgS EteFVIkic© EbbenH)an KW eRBaHehtuEdleyIgCaGñkmansIl } . dUecñHehIy k¾epþÍmBicarNa ceRmInvíbsSnaenAelIxñgrbs;])ask enaHÉg k¾)aneFVI[Cak;c,as;nUvRBHGrhtþtamlMdab;mKÁ . elakGacarü sMedAyk tisSetßrGgÁenH eTIbeBalfa mü:ageTot kñúgesckþIenH { bNÐit KYreBalnUverOgRBHtisSetßr Gñkqan;TwkEpøsVaypgEdr } dUecñH . Baküfa sUm,IedayRbkarTaMgBYg KW sUm,IedayGMNackarekIteLIg nUvkarKitEdlTak;TgedaykarEsVgrkEdlminsmKYr k¾mineFVI[ekIteLIg edayRbkarTaMgBYg / GFib,ayfa nwgcaM)ac;eBalfVÍ cMeBaHkarEsVgrk edayGMNackay nig vaca EdlkeRmIk eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal fa { Gensnay } dUecñH CaedIm . kareXIjeTas KW Gabtþi eRBaHkarbriePaKedayCab;bMNul kñúgkar briePaKbc©½yEdlmin)anBicarNa ehIyGanisgS kñúgkarbriePaKbc©½y Edl)anBicarNa edaybriyaypÞúyKñaCamYynwgkarbriePaKbc©½yEdlmin )anBicarNaenaH eQµaHfa kareXIjeTas nig GanisgS . eRBaHkar eXIjeTas nigGanisgSenaH manbc©½yCaGFikar ¬ Gñkcat;Ecg ¦ eTIb elakeBalfa { eRBaHbc©½yTaMgLay } dUecñH . BitehIy FmµCatiTaMg


238 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

EdlCaehtu nig minEmnCaehtu buKÁlrEmgeBaldl;edayPaBCaehtu )an dUcEdleBalfa PtþseRmcehIyeRBaHesµATaMgLaydUecñHCaedIm . edIm,IsEmþgfa eQµaHfa karbriePaKbc©½yEdlmin)anBicarNa Kb,Iman dl;Pikçú)anedayRbkar KW ehtuNa kalevorRbkar KW ehtuenaHecj bc©ysnñisSitsIlrEmgseRmc nig brisuT§)an dUecñH eTIbelakGacarü eBalfa { eRBaHdUecñaH } dUecñH CaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgenaH Baküfa karR)afñakñúgbc©½y mann½yfa edays½BÞ fa karR)afñaenaHÉg Kb,IeXIjfa Cakarkan;yksemµah³ ¬ karvegVg ¦ pg eRBaHRbRBwtþeTACamYykarR)afñaenaH nig eRBaHCa]bnisSyb,c©½ydl; esckþIR)afñaenaH . Baküfa EdlekIteLIgRtwmRtÚvtamFm’ enHCaBaküsEmþgnUvesckþI brisuT§iénpøÚvmkrbs;bc©½yTaMgLay / minEmnCaBaküsEmþgnUvesckþI brisuT§iénbc©ysnñisSitsIleT. eRBaHfa karBicarNadl;bc©½yTaMgLay manvtßúenHCaRbeyaCn_ ehIyeTIbbriePaK eTIbCabc©ysnñisSitsIl . EteRBaHehtuénbc©½yTaMgLayenaH Edl)anmkedayRtwmRtÚvb:ueNÑaH EdlPikçúKb,IbriePaK)an eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbelakeBalfa { bc©½yEdl ekIteLIgRtwmRtÚvtamFm’ } dUecñH . Baküfa edayvíFItamEdleBal ehIy KW edayvíFIEdl)aneBalehIyfa { edIm,IkarBarnUvPaBrga } dUecñH CaedIm . Baküfa Tak;TgCaFatukþI )andl; Tak;TgCamYyFatumnsikarfa Ca Fatu y:agenHfa { bc©½ymancIvrCaedIm nig buKÁlGñkeRbIR)as;bc©½yman cIvrCaedImNa enaHRtwmEtCaFatu RbRBwtþeTAtambc©½yb:ueNÑaH } dUecñHkþI .


239 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

Baküfa Tak;TgfaCarbs; bdíkUlkþI )andl; Tak;TgCamYynwgkar smÁal;fa CabdikUlkñúg biNÐ)at KW kñúgGaharb:ueNÑaH / n½ymü:ageTot Tak;Tgnwgmnsikarfa CabdikUly:agenH { bc©½ymancIvrCaedImTaMgGs; enH EdlminTan;KYrex<Im EtkalebIBal;RtÚvkayenHehIy k¾Carbs;KYr ex<ImrkeRbóbmin)an } dUecñH . Baküfa kñúgeBlbnÞab;BIeBlEdlrk )anenaH KW kñúgkalteTAbnÞab;BIkalEdl)anmk . eQµaHfa karbriePaKEdlminmaneTas eRBaHPikçúeFVI[brisuT§ ehIy edaybBaØamktaMgBIedIm dUcCakareRbIR)as;)aRt nigcIvrEdl)anGFidæan ehIyrkSaTukdUecñaH . esckþIEdlmanmkenH CaesckþImYyEdlsEmþgnUv karbrisuT§ikñúgxagedIm eRBaHkarBicarNa / minEmnCakarEdlbdiesFkar BicarNakñúgevlaEdlbriePaK eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { sUm,I kñúgeBlEdlbriePaK } CaedIm . ¬ KW kñúgevlaEdlbriePaK sUm,IePøc BicarNak¾minCaeTas ebI)anBicarNafa CaFatuCaedIm taMgBIeBlEdl )anTTYlmk ¦ . bTfa tRt ERbfa kñúgkarBicarNakñúgeBlEdlbriePaK enaH . Baküfa EdleFVIkarRBmeRBógKña KW mineFVIkarsgS½y )andl; manPaBEtmYy . karbriePaKrbs;buKÁlEdlminsmKYrbriePaK eQµaHfa efyübriePaK ¬ briePaKdUcCaecar ¦ / GFib,ayfa RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;GnuBaØatbc©½y TaMgLayTuksRmab;PikçúGñkmansIlkñúgsasnarbs;RBHGgÁ / minEmn sRmab;PikçúRTúsþsIl . TaMgBYkTayk mankarbric©aKy:agenH k¾sRmab; PikçúGñkmansIlminEmnsRmab;PikçúGñkRTúsþsIl . eRBaHeKsgÇwmkartb mkvíjdl;Pav³EdlkareFVIrbs;xøÜnmanpleRcIn . eRBaHRBHsasþaRTg;min


240 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

GnuBaØatþ nig eRBaHBYkTaykmin)anbric©aK[ dUc)aneBalehIyenH kar briePaKrbs;PikçúGñkRTúsþsIl eTIbCakarbriePaKdUcCaecar eQµaHfa efyübriePaK . karbriePaKedayTak;TgdUcCaGñkCab;bMNul mann½yfa dUcCaGñk TTYlbMNul ehIybriePaK eRBaHminmanTkçiNavísuT§iBIbdiKÁahk³ eQµaH fa \NbriePaK . Baküfa eRBaHehtuenaH elaksMedAykxøwmsarEdl)aneBalehIy edayBaküfa { sIlveta } CaedIm enaHÉg edayPaBCaehtu . P¢ab; esckþIfa PikçúedaHcIvrecjBIkayehIy Kb,IBicarNakñúgeBlEdleRbI R)as;RKb;eBl kñúgeBlmunPtþ .l. kñúgyameRkayPtþdUecñH . eBlmin GacCay:agenaH KW EdlTak;TgCamYynwgeBlepSgKñatamEdleBal ehIy k¾Kb,IBicarNa kñúg 1 éf¶ 4dgxøH 3dgxøH 2dgxøH 1dgxøH . RbsinebIfa ¬ kalebImin)anBicarNarhUtdl; ¦ GruNrHeLIg rEmgtaMg enAkñúgzan³én \NbriePaK . GacarüCaeRcIneBalfa RbsinebIeFVIkarBicarNaeTAkñúgGtIt eday n½yfa cIvrEdleyIgeRbIR)as;ehIyBImSilmijenHNa / cIvrenaHeyIg)an eRbIR)as;RtwmEtedIm,IkarBarPaBrga . l . edIm,IbiT)aMgGvyv³EdljúaMg kareGonxµas[keRmIkb:ueNÑaH . biNÐ)atEdleyIg)anbriePaKehIyBI mSilmijNa / { minEmnedIm,Ielg } dUecñHCaedIm . BaküEdlGacarü Ca eRcIneBalmkenaH bNÐitKb,IBicarNacuH . Baküfa sUm,Iesnasn³ k¾Kb,IBicarNakñúgeBlEdleRbIR)as;RKb; eBl KW Kb,IBicarNakñúgeBlEdlcUleTARKb; ² eBl .


241 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

bTfa stib,c©yta ERbfa manstiCabc©½yKYrdl;karTTYl nig kar manstiKYrdl;karBicarNa Cabc©½yKYrdl;karbriePaK mann½yfa Kb,I BicarNa[ehIy eTIbTTYl nig briePaK . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak eBalfa { ¬ eBlPikçú ¦ eFVIsti } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa sUm,IdUecñH man n½yfa RbsinebIkarBicarNakñúgkalTaMgBIr ¬ KWkñúgeBlTTYl nig eBl briePaK ¦ KW CakarRtwmRtÚv / sUm,IeBaldUecñaH . GacarümYyBYkeTot)an eBalfa stib,c©yta KW eBlEdlkarbriePaKePsC¢³manehIy mann½y fa eBlbc©½ymanehIy . bTfa ÉvM senþbi KW eBlbc©½ymanehIy dUecñH . BaküenaHRtwmEtCamtirbs;GacarüTaMgenaH . BitehIy bc©ysnñisSitsIl rEmgbrisuT§)aneRBaHkarBicarNa min EmnbrisuT§)aneRBaHbc©½yenaHeT . elakGacarü kalsEmþgesckþIbrisuT§iénbc©ysnñisSitsIly:agenH ehIy kalsEmþgesckþIbrisuT§i sUm,ITaMgGs;edaybMNgenaHÉg eTIb eBalfa { k¾suT§i ¬ esckþIbrisuT§i ¦ man 4 y:ag } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH FmµCatieQµaHfa suT§i eRBaHGtßfa CaesckþI brisuT§i / suT§i KW karsEmþgPaBsmKYrcMeBaHFm’ eQµaHfa eTsnasuT§i . kñúgGFikarenH Kb,IeXIjfa sUm,IkarecjBIGabtþi edaykarenAbrivaskmµ k¾mankarse®gÁaHcUlkñúgeTsnaenaHEdr . ÉsRmab;PikçúTaMgLayEdl manmUlGabtþi ¬ )araCík 4 ¦ RtÚvehIy karRbkasfa xøÜnminmanPaBCa PikçúenaHÉgCaeTsna . suT§i KW sMvr³EdlBiess KW kartaMgcitþ ¬ fanwgmineFVIy:agenHeTot ¦ eQµaHfa sMvrsuT§i .


242 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

suT§i KW karEsVgrkbc©½yTaMgLayRtwmRtÚveTAtamFm’ enaH eQµaHfa brieydæísuT§i . suT§i KW karBicarNatamvíFIEdleBalehIyenaHÉg kñúgbc©½yTaMg 4 eQµaHfa bc©evkçNsuT§i . vcntß enH Can½yénBaküsmaskñúgsuT§iTaMgLay . cMENk vcntß³ kñúgsIl mansuT§iTaMgLay dUcCa)atiemakçsMvrsIl eQµaHfa eTsnasuT§i eRBaHGtßfa mankarEsVgrkCaeRKÓgbrisuT§ sUm,IkñúgsIld¾ess k¾mann½y dUcKña . cMENksB½Þfa suT§i KW mann½ydUc´m©as;)aneBalehIymkenaH Ég . Baküfa ¬ nwgmineFVI ¦ y:agenH elakGacarüeBalsMedAykRbePT énsMvr³ . Baküfa lH KW evor mann½yfa mineFVI . bc©½y 4 eQµaHfa Tay ¬ mrtk ¦ eRBaHGtßfa EdlbuKÁlKb,I[ / Tay enaHEdlbuKÁlKb,I)an rEmgkan;yk eRBaHehtuenaH buKÁlenaH eQµaHfa TayaT . bc©½yTaMgLayEdlPikçúKb,IbriePaK eQµaHfa Carbs; RBHmanRBHPaK eRBaHkalebIRTg;minGnuBaØatTuk k¾KµankarbriePaK)an eLIyedayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaHkalebIRTg;GnuBaØatTukenaHÉg eTIbman karbriePaK)an . k¾FmµTayaTsURt Edlmany:agenHfa { FmµTayaTa em Pikçev Pvf .eb. ena GamisTayaTa } mñalPikçúTaMgLay BYk GñkcUrCaFmµTayaTrbs;tfaKt cUrkMuCaGamisTayaTeLIy . tfaKtEtg BicarNacMeBaHGñkTaMgLayfa eFVIy:agNahñ+ ¡ eTIbsav½krbs;tfaKt Kb,ICaFmµTayaT kMuKb,ICaGamisTayaT dUecñH CasaFk³kñúgerOgenH KW kñúgesckþIenH .


243 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

sRmab;buKÁlEdlminTan;R)ascakraK³TaMgLay rEmgminmanPaBCa m©as;rbs; kñúgkarbriePaKbc©½y eRBaHPaBCaTas³rbs;tNða / sRmab;Gñk EdlR)ascakraK³ehIyTaMgLay eQµaHfa manPaBCam©as;rbs;TaMgLay kñúgkarbriePaKbc©½yTaMgLayenaH eRBaHmankarbriePaK)antamkareBj citþ edayKµanPaBCaTas³rbs;tNðaenaH . BitehIy elakTaMgenaHEtg briePaKbc©½yTaMgLay edayGakareFVIvtßúbdikUl[CavtßúminbdikUlk¾)an / edayGakareFVIvtßúminbdikUl[CabdikUlk¾)an / edayGakarRBegÍy evor cakGakarTaMgBIrenaHecjk¾)an / TaMgGaceFVImenarfrbs;TaykTaMgLay [bribUr)anpgEdr. eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { BitehIy RBHxINaRsBTaMgLayenaH cat;CasamIbriePaK eRBaHelakTaMgLay enaHQanknøgBIPaBCaTas³rbs;tNða)anehIy } dUecñH . Baküfa ¬ KYr ¦ dl;PikçúTaMgBYg KW cMeBaHPikçúTaMgLayEdlCaRBH GriybuKÁl nig bufuC¢n . sYrfa samIbriePaK nig TayC¢briePaKTaMgLay enH mandl;bufuC¢n)any:agNa ? eqøIyfa man)anedayTak;Tgdl;kar eRbóbeFob. karbriePaKedaycitþEdlminCab;CMBak;kñúgbc©½yenaH ² eRBaH lHbg;nUvesckþIR)afñakñúgbc©½y cMeBaHPikçú sUm,ICabufuC¢nGñktaMgenAkñúg seløxbdibtþiy:agNa/ karbriePaKenaHrEmgdUcCasamIbriePaK . cMENk karbriePaKbc©½yEdl)anBicarNaehIy cMeBaHPikçúGñkmansIl rEmgdUc CaTayC¢briePaK eRBaHkarmineFVImenarfrbs;TaykTaMgLay[vínaseTA. esckþIenH smdUcBaküEdlelakGacarüeBalTukfa { dl;karse®gÁaH cUlkñúgTayC¢briePaKenaHÉg k¾)an } dUecñH . kñúgkarbriePaKrbs;Pikçú CaklüaNbufuC¢n minmanBaküEdlRtÚveBaldl;eLIy eRBaHklüaN bufuC¢nTaMgLayenaH mankarse®gÁaHcUlkñúgRBHeskç³)an . eskçsURtCa


244 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

saFn³kñúgesckþIenH)an . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { eRBaHfa sUm,IelakGñkmansIl } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa eRBaHPaBCasRtÚv mann½yfa eRbóbdUcCabuKÁlCMBak; bMNul rEmgmin)aneTAkan;tMbn;EdlR)afña tamkareBjcitþrbs;xøÜny:ag Na / PikçúEdlRbkbedaykarbriePaK dUcCaGñkCMBak;bMNuleK rEmgmin )anecjcakelakdUecñaH dUcKña . karbriePaKbc©½yEdl)anBicarNaehIy cMeBaHPikçúGñkmansIl eQµaH fa karbriePaKedayminCab;bMNul eRBaHCabdibkçdl;karbriePaKEdl Cab;bMNul eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { cat;CakarbriePaK minCab;bMNul k¾)an } dUecñH . edayBaküenHelakGacarüsEmþgfa karbriePaKEdlminCab;bMNul CakarbriePaKmü:agdéTeTót putBIkarbriePaK 4 y:ag edaybriyay . Baküfa edaysikçaenH KW edaysikça eBalKW sIl . Baküfa kic©karI )andl; CaGñkmanRbRktIeFVI[dl;RBmnUvPaBRtwmRtÚv edaykarbdibtþi smKYrdl;karebþCJa . \LÚvenH elakGacarümanbMNgebIkbgðajnUvPaBCakic©karIenaHÉg edaybTRBHsURt eTIbeBalfa { BitehIy RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;BaküenH Tuk } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa víhar )andl; TI sñak;GaRs½y . Baküfa TIedk TIGgÁúy )andl; ERKCaedIm . edayBakü TaMgBIrenaH elakeBaldl;esnasn³enaHÉg . bTfa GabM ERbfa Twk . Baküfa TwkCRmHFUlIEdlCab;elIsMBt;sgÇadÍ )andl; TwkCRmHmnÞil KW FUlICaedIm EdlCaFUlICab;nwgsMBt;sgÇadI .


245 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

Baküfa sþab;Fm’EdlRBHsuKtRTg;sEmþgTuk )andl; sþab;Fm’Edl RBHmanRBHPaKRTg;sEmþgTukkñúgbc©½y 4 mancIvrCaedIm edayn½yfa { PikçúBicarNacIvreday])ayRtÚvTMngehIy eTIbesB RtwmEtedIm,IkarBar nUvPaBrga } dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa RBHsav½krbs;RBHmanRBHPaK CaGñkmanbBaØad¾RbesIr Kb,IBicarNaehIy eTIbesB mann½yfa sav½krbs;RBHmanRBHPaKCa GñkmanbBaØax<g;x<s; CaRBHeskç³k¾eday CabufuC¢nk¾eday Kb,IBicarNa ehIy eTIbesB KW GacesBnUvbc©½y 4 y:ag . biNÐ)atRTg;Rtas;ehAfa { dMu)ay } / esnasn³RTg;Rtas;ehAfa { víhar } CaedIm / Kilanb,c©½y ¬ fñaMCabc©½ysRmab;GñkQW ¦ EdlRTg;sEmþgTukedayTwkCasMxan; eRBaH Gtßfa { sUm,ITwkpåkk¾eQµaHfa Kilanb,c©½y)an eRBaHCaeRKÓgrm¶ab;nUv karQWcab; KW kareRskXøan)an } ¬ É ¦ cIvrmansMBt;sgÇadICaedIm KW BicarNaedayn½yfa { RtwmEtedIm,IkartaMgenAénkayenHb:ueNÑaH } dUecñH CaedIm . k¾eRBaHehtuEdlsav½krbs;RBHmanRBHPaK CaGñkmanbBaØad¾RbesIr CaGñkmanRbRktIBicarNaehIyeTIbesB / eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbCaPikçú GñkminCab;kñúgFm’TaMgLayenaH KW kñúgdMu)ay . l . dUcCadMNk;Twkmin Cab;elIsøwkQUkdUecñH . Baküfa tamkal KWkñúgeBlbriePaKrbs;RBHGriybuKÁlTaMgLay . bTfa lT§a ERbfa )anehIy . bTfa breta ERbfa BIGñkdéT )an dl; BITayk . Baküfa edaykarGnueRKaH KW edaykarCYyse®gÁaH man n½yfa PikçúenaHKb,Idwgc,as; KW Kb,IdwgRbmaNkñúgbc©½yEdlGñkdéTnaM


246 mhadÍka ehtu[sIlseRmc

cUleTA ¬ fVay ¦ sUm,IeRcIn k¾CaGñktaMgmaM KWCaGñkmanstitaMgmaMCanic© KW Gs;kalTaMgBYg . Baküfa dUcCakardågRbmaNkñúgkarrMufñaMrkSadMe)AdUecñaH Rbkb esckþIfa Kb,IdwgRbmaN dUcCakardwgRbmaNkñúgkarrMufñaMlabdMe)A dUecñaH . bTfa Gahri ERbfa TMBaelb . mü:ageTot )az³fa { GaheryüaharM } dUecñHk¾)an . Baküfa edIm,I karRbRBwtþieTA)an KW edIm,IkarRbRBwtþieTA)anénragkay . Baküfa CaGñk min»n KW CaGñkmin»n edaykar»n KW tNða )andl; CaGñkminman esckþIR)afña KW tNða . sameNr eQµaHfa PaKienyüsgÇrkçitsameNr ¬ sgÇrkçit sameNrCakµÜy ¦ eRBaHelakkan;ykeQµaHrbs;RBHsgÇrkçitetßr EdlCa «Bukmarbs;xøÜnenaHÉg . bTfa salikUrM ERbfa )ayRsÚvsalI . bTfa suniBVtM ERbfa EdlRtCak;l¥ehIy . Baküfa GñkminsRgÜm elakeBal sMedAykkarminBicarNa . bTfa sBVasvbrikçIeNa ERbfa CaGñkman Gasv³TaMgBYgGs;ehIy . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦


247 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk 5

bBa©ksIl ¬ sIlBYk 5 ¦ TI 1

GtßaFib,aykñúgbBa©ksIlTI 1 énsIlEckCa 5 y:ag bNÐitKb,IRCab edaysIlrbs;Gnubsm,nñCaedIm >>>. BitehIy BaküteTAenH RBHFmµesnabtIsarIbutþ eBalTukkñúgKm<Ir bdismÖiTafa ³ 1- briynþb,arisuT§isIldUcemþc ? sIlrbs;Gnubsm,nñTaMgLayEdl mansikçabTmanTIbMputenHeQµaHfa briynþb,arisuT§isIl . 2- Gbriynþb,arisuT§isIldUcemþc ? sIlrbs;]bsm,nñTaMgLayEdl mansikçabTminmanTIbMput enHeQµaHfa Gbriynþb,arisuT§isIl . 3- bribuNÑb,arisuT§isIl dUcemþc ? sIlrbs;klüaNbufuC¢nEdl RbkbkñúgkuslFm’ eFVI[bribUN’rhUtdl;EdnRBHeskç³ minGal½ykñúgrag kay nig CÍvít rEmglHbg;CÍvít)an enHeQµaHfa bribuNÑb,arisuT§isIl . 4- Gbramdæb,arisuT§isIl dUcemþc ? sIlrbs;RBHeskç³ 7 cMBUk enH eQµaHfa Gbramdæb,arisuT§isIl . 5- bdibsST§ib,arisuT§isIl dUcemþc ? sIlrbs;RBHxINaRsB TaMgLayCasav½krbs;RBHtfaKt sIlrbs;RBHbec©kBuT§TaMgLay sIl rbs;RBHtfaKtGrhnþsmµasm<úT§TaMgLayenH eQµaHfa bdíbsST§ib,arisuT§isIl ¬ sIlEdlmanPaBbrisuT§ieRBaHkars¶b;rMgab;eTAénkiels ¦ . kñúgsIlTaMgLayenaH sIlrbs;Gnubsm,nñ Kb,IRCabfa Ca briynþb,arisuT§isIl eRBaHmanTIbMput¬ éncMnYn ¦ edayGMNacénkarrab;sIl


248 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk 5

rbs;]bsm,nñTaMgLay sUm,ICasIlmanTIbMputedayGMNackarrab; ¬ dUc elakeBalKafaTuk ¦ fa ³ { sikçabTTaMgLayEdlCaeRKÓgsRgÜm nigCavín½yTaMgLay ¬ cMnYn ¦ 9000 ekadi sikçabT / 800 ekadí sikçabT / 50 Esn sikçabT nig 36 sikçabT¬ rYmCa mYymWunR)aMBIrBan;ekadi R)aMlan samsibR)aMmYysikçabT ¦ EdlRBHsm<úT§RTg;RbkasehIy / kñúgKm<Irvín½yelaknieTÞs Tukedaymux .l. } dUecñHkþI ¬ Et ¦ bNÐit Kb,IRCabfa CaGbriynþb,arisuT§isIl eRBaH sMedAykPav³ KW karsmaTanedayCa GnvesssIl ¬ sIlminman cMENksl; nig CasIlEdlminmankareXIjcMeBaH laP ys jati Gvyv³ nig CÍvítCaTIbMput dUcCasIlrbs;RBHmhatisSetßr Gñkqan;Epø sVayEdlsñak;GaRs½yenAnwgcIvrKum<víhardUecñaH . BitehIy elakmanGayuenaH minlHbg;nUvsb,úrisanusSti ¬ kartam rlwkcMeBaHsb,úrs ¦ enHfa ³ { nrCnKb,IlHbg;RTBü eRBaHehtuénGvyv³d¾RbesIr kalnwg rkSaCÍvít Kb,IlHbg;Gvyv³ecj kalrlwkdl;Fm’ Kb,IlHbg; Gvyv³ RTBü nig sUm,IlHbg;CÍvít } . dUecñHsUm,ImankarsgS½ykñúgCÍvítmanehIy k¾minknøgsikçabT GaRs½y Gbriynþb,arisuT§isIlenaHÉg enAelIxñgrbs;])askenaHÉg )anseRmc RBHGrhtþ dUcelakeBalnUv ¬ Rbvtþi ¦ Tukfa { RBHefr³TUnµanxøÜnÉgfa } ])askenHminEmnbita TaMgminEmnmata minEmnjati TaMgminEmnepABgS rbs;eyIg eKeFVIkic©dUecñH[ k¾eRBaHehtuéneyIgCaGñkmansIl } dUecñH ehIy júaMgesckþIsegVK[ekIteLIgBicarNa ¬ sgçar ¦ edaybBaØa TaMg EdlenAelIxñgrbs;])askenaH )anseRmcRBHGrhtþehIy } dUecñH .


249 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk 5

sIlrbs;klüaNbufuC¢nTaMgLayEdlevorcakmnÞil sUm,IEtekItcitþ Kitknøg k¾minman eRBaHCasIlEdlbrisuT§éRkElg dUcEkvmNIEdlCag écñl¥ehIy nig dUcCamasEdlCageFVIbrikmµl¥ehIy taMgBI]bsm,Tamk rEmgCabTdæanénRBHGrhtþedayBit eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa bribuNÑb,arisuT§isIl dUcCasIlrbs;RBHmhasgÇrkçitetßr nig RBHPaKi enyüsgÇrkçitetßrdUecñH .

erOgRBHmhasgÇrkçit³

)anB¤fa RBHPikçúsgÇsYrdl;karseRmcelakutþrFm’nwgRBHmhasgÇ rkçitetßrEdlmanvsSa 60 knøgehIy edkenAelIERKEdlCakEnøgsRmab; søab; RBHefr³R)ab;fa { eyIgminmanelakutþrFm’eT } RKaenaHPikçúkMelaH EdlCa]bdæakrbs;elakrMlwkfa elakd¾ceRmIn mnusSTaMgLayEdlenA CMuvíjTIenHRbmaN 12 eyaCn_ RbCMuKñaedayKitfa { RBHKuNm©as; briniBVan } dUecñH/ mhaCnnwgmanesckþIekþARkhayCaxageRkayeRBaHkar mrNPaBrbs;bufuC¢nénelakm©as; { Gavuesa eyIgminepþÍmtaMgvíbsSna eRBaHR)afñafa { nwgrgcaMCYbRBHmanRBHPaKemetyüsin } ebIdUecñH Gñk cUrCYyeyIg[GgÁúy ehIyTuk»kasdl;eyIg PikçúkMelaHenaHCYyRBH efr³[GgÁúyehIy ecjeTAmçag RBHefr³)anseRmcRBHGrhtþRBmKñanwg PikçúkMelaHecjeTAeRkAenaHÉg eTIb[sBaØaedaykarpÞat;Rkckéd RBH sgÇmkRbCMuKñaehIy k¾R)ab;fa { elakd¾ceRmIn RBHefr³júaMgelakutþrFm’ [ekIteLIgkñúgeBleTobmrNPaBEbbenH eQµaHfa )aneFVInUvkic©EdleK eFVI)anedaykRm } RBHefr³eBalfa { enHminEmnCakic©EdleFVI)aneday kRmeT eyIgnwgR)ab;kic©EdleFVI)anedaykRmdl;GñkTaMgLay / Gavuesa


250 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk 5

TaMgLayeyIgrlwkdl;kmµEdl)aneFVIpg karmindwgeRBaHminmansti taMg BIkalEdleyIgbYsehIymineXIjeLIy } . sUm,IecArbs;elak k¾)an seRmcRBHGrhtþtamTMngdUcKña kñúgeBlEdlmanvsSa)an 50 . buKÁlNa ebICaGñksþab;tic TaMgminmaMTaMenAkñúgsIlTaMgLay bNÐit TaMgLayrEmgriHKn;buKÁlenaHTaMg 2 pøÚv KW TaMgsIlnigTaMg sut³ / buKÁl NaCaGñksþab;tic EtCaGñkmaMTaMkñúgsIlTaMgLay bNÐitTaMgLayrEmg sresIrbuKÁlenaHcMeBaHsIl ¬ Et ¦ sut³rbs;eKeRbIkarmin)an / buKÁl NaCaGñksþab;eRcIn EtminmaMTaMkñúgsIlTaMgLay bNÐitTaMgLayrEmg tiHedolbuKÁlenaHxagsIl sut³rbs;eKeRbIkar)an / buKÁlNaebICaGñk sþab;eRcIn TaMgmaMTaMkñúgsIlTaMgLay bNÐitTaMgLay rEmgsresIrbuKÁl enaHTaMg 2 pøÚv KW TaMgsIl nig sut³ . GñkNahñ+ ¡ KYrtiHedolGñkCaBuT§sav½k )ansþab;eRcIn RTRTg;Fm’ man bBaØaeRbóbdUcCamasCm<ÚnuTenaH sUm,IeTvtaTaMgLayk¾sresIr RBhµk¾ sresIrEdr . cMENksIlrbs;RBHeskç³TaMgLay bNÐitKb,IRCabfaCa GbramGbramdæb,arisuT§isIl eRBaHCasIlEdlminRtÚvb:HBal;edayGMNacTidæi mü:ag eTot CasIlEdlminRtÚvb:HBal;edayGMNacraK³ sIlrbs;bufuC¢n TaMgLay Kb,IRCabfaCa bramdæb,arisuT§isIl dUcCasIlrbs;RBHtisSetßr Cabutþrbs;kudum<I dUecñaH elakGgÁenaH bMNgnwgGaRs½ysIlEbbenaH ehIytaMgenAkñúgRBHGrhtþ eTIbeBalnwgsRtÚvTaMgLayfa ³ { eyIgTmøaysµgTaMgsgxag eFVIsBaØadl;GñkTaMgLay eyIgeGon xµascMeBaHkarsøab;kñúgPaBCabuKÁlEdlmanraK³ eyIgKity:agenHehIy eTIbBicarNa ¬ sgçar ¦ edaybBaØa k¾)anseRmcRBHGrhtþ eBlGruNrH


251 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk 5

eLIg } .

erOgrbs;RBHefr³ 1 GgÁ

RBHefr³ 1 GgÁeTot GaBaFF¶n;rhUtminGacbriePaKGaharedayéd rbs;xøÜn)an edknenolenAkñúgmURt nig lamkrbs;xøÜnÉg PikçúkMelaH TaMgLayrUbNak¾eday eBleXIjelakehIy k¾eBalfa { » ¡ CÍvít sgçarTaMgLayCaTukç } RBHmhaefr³eBalnwgGñkTaMgenaHfa { Gavuesa eyIgsøab;kñúgeBl\LÚvenHnwg)ansYK’sm,tþi esckþIsgS½ykñúgerOgenHmin mandl;eyIgeT EtRtÚvTmøaysIlenHehIyeTIb)ansm,tþi k¾dUcKñaEdr PaBCaRKhsßKb,I)anmk kalebIPikçúTmøaysikçabTehIy dUecñH } dUecñH ehIyKitfa { eyIgRtÜvsøab;eTACamYysIl[)an } edkenAdUecñHÉg BicarNaeraKenaH ¬ CaGarmµN_ ¦ seRmcRBHGrhtþ ehIyBüakrN_ ¬ RBH Grhtþ ¦ dl;PikçúsgÇedayKafaTaMgLayenHfa ³ { kayeyIgRtÚvBüaFiy:agNamYyBal;RtÚv ehIyeraKekþAeFVI[lM)ak GakarF¶n;F¶r ragkayEdlCarbs;s¥úyenH hYtEhgy:agrh½sdUcpáaeQI EdleKe)aHecalenAelIFUlIkNþaléf¶ hYtEhgeTAy:agqab;rh½sdUecñaH saksBenHminKYr[eBjcitþeT / buKÁlBalRtLb;Carab;Ganfa Ca rbs;KYreBjcitþ kays¥úyenHmins¥at buKÁlBalRtLb;Carab;Ganfa Ca rbs;s¥at / kayeBjeTAedaysaksBepSg ² Et ¬ RtLb; ¦ CarUbKYr eBjcitþsRmab;buKÁlEdlmineXIj ¬ tamesckþIBit ¦ sUmtiHedolkay EdlTukçesak køins¥úy kxVk; manCMgÅCanic© EdlBYkstVCaGñkRbmaTvegVg ehIy eFVIpøÚvéndMeNIreTAkan;suKti[vínasehIy } dUecñH . cMENksIlrbs;elakGñkGs;kiels manRBHGrhnþCaedIm Kb,IRCab fa CabdibsST§ib,arisuT§isIl eRBaHCasIlbrisuT§edayPaBrMgab;nUvkiels


252 mhadÍka sIlBYk 5

EdlCaeRKÓgekþARkhayTaMgBYg sIl 5 y:ag Edlcat;Ca)arisuT§isIl manbriynþb,arisuT§isIlCaedIm saFuCn Kb,IRCabedayRbkardUcEdl eBalmkenHcuH .

mhadÍka BN’nasIlBYk 5 TI 1 sikçabTTaMgLay eQµaHfa briynþ eRBaHGtßfa manTIbMput . Gnubsm,nñTaMgLayNa mansikçabTEdlmanTIbMput Gnubsm,nñ TaMgLayenaH eQµaHfa GñkmansikçabTmanTIbMput )andl; rbs; Gnubsm,nñ GñkmansikçabTEdlmanTIbMputTaMgLayenaH . Baküfa rbs; ]bsm,nñ KWelIkElgklüaNbufuC¢n RBHeskç³ nig RBHGeskç³TaMgLay ecj k¾)andl;rbs;]bsm,nñTaMgLaydéT eRkABIklüaNbufuC¢nCaedIm TaMgLayenaH . eRBaHfa samBaØeCaTna rEmgtaMgenAkñúgPaBepSgKña . Baküfa GñkRbkbkñúgkuslFm’ )andl; GñkRbkbkñúgvíbsSnacar³. Fm’ eQµaHfa eskçbriynþ eRBaHGtßfa maneskçFm’TaMgLayCaTIbMput KW Ca Edny:agR)akd . mü:ageTot karCab;Tak;TgKñaénkuslFm’EdlRbRBwtþ eTA cab;taMgBIkarkMNt;namrUb b¤ karsmaTannUvkuslFm’rhUtdl; eKaRtPU taMgenAkñúgeskçFm’TaMgLay eQµaHfa eskçbriynþ . mü:ageTot sikça3EdlCaelakiy CakarsikSakñúgcMENkxagedIméneskçFm’TaMgLay eQµaHfa eskçbriynþ )andl; kñúgeskçbriynþ³enaH . Baküfa GñkeFVI[bribUN’ KW GñkeFVI[eBj mineFVIsikçaNamYy[ vínaseTA . eQµaHfa minGal½ykñúgragkay nig CÍvít k¾edIm,IseRmcnUv


253 mhadÍka sIlBYk 5

KuNvíesséRkElgeLIgeTA . eRBaHEtminGal½ykñúgkay nig CÍvítenaH Ég eTIbCaGñkmanCÍvítlHbg;)anehIy edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;PaBbribUrN_én sIl . sIl eQµaHfa Gbramdæb,arisuT§isIl eRBaHsgáiels KW TidæiminGac Rbkan;)an . sIlEdlmanPaBbrisuT§ieRBaHkielsTaMgLays¶b;rMgab;eTA edayRbkarTaMgBYg eQµaHfa bdíbsST§ib,arisuT§isIl . sIlrbs;RBHGeskç³ RBHeskç³ nig klüaNbufuC¢nEdlCaGnubsm,nñ cat;CaGbriynþsIl)anedayGanuPaBEtmYy eRBaHmanGanuPaBeRcIn eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { eRBaHCasIlmanTIbMputedayCMuvij edayGMNacénkarrab; ¬ minEmnedayGanuPaB ¦ } dUecñH . sikçabTTaMgLayeQµaHfa sMvrvíny eRBaHCaeRKÓgkarBar nig eRBaH CaeRKÓghVwkhat;kayvaca . Baküfa RTg;sEmþgTukedaymux KW vKÁ )andl; RBHsasþaRTg;sEmþgTukedaykarrab;tamEdleBalehIyeday vítßarn½y EdlRTg;eTsnaTukkñúgTIkEnøgenaH ² . Baküfa sikça )andl; sikça eBal KW sIl . bTfa vínysMver )andl; kñúgvínybidk . Kb,InaMykBaküEdl elakeBalTukkñúgxageRkaycUlmkP¢ab;Kña / sIlrbs;]bsm,nñ sUm,Ifa manTIbMput k¾edayGMNacénkarrab;dUecñHcuH . eQµaHfa sIl Edl]bsm,nñ Kb,IsikSakñúgRbkarNamYy cat;Ca Gbriynþb,arisuT§isIl eRBaHsMedAykPav³EdlsmaTankñúgsIlTaMgLay enaH minmansl; eRBaHsUm,Ikñúgx>NamYy k¾minsl; . Baküfa Pav³EdlsmaTan KW Pav³manénkarsmaTan . eQµaHfa KW


254 mhadÍka sIlBYk 5

Pav³EdlminR)akdTIbMputGaRs½yedaylaP . l . )andl; karminknøg sIl eRBaHehtuénlaPCaedIm . GñkEdlRtÚvecarbøn; sáat;bøn;tampøÚv eFVI[Gnþray suxcitþlHbg;RTBü eRBaHehtuénGvyv³RbesIrCag . kñúgeBlEdlRtÚvBs;xaMCaedIm kalnwg rkSaCÍvít Kb,IlHbg;Gvyv³. kaltamrB£kdl;Fm’Kb,IlHGvyv³ RTBü nig sUm,ICÍvít)anTaMgGs; dUcsb,úrsTaMgLay manRBHsutþesammhaeBaFi stVCaedIm . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { kalminlHbg;GnusSti rbs;sb,úrsx>enaH } dUecñaH . eQµaHfa kalmankarsgS½ycMeBaH CÍvít k¾eRBaHmanGnþray KW esckþIeRskXøan . Baküfa minelµIssikçabT mann½yfa kalEpøsVayTaMgLayminman m©as;RCúHenAelIEpndI sUm,ImanenACít²enaHehIy k¾minRBmbriePaK eRBaH KµanGñkRbeKn eQµaHfa minelµIsbdiKÁhNsikçabT ¬ sikçabTEdlTak; TgnwgkarTTYlRbeKn ¦ . bTfa sIlvnþsS mann½yfa enAeFVIkic©dUecñH mankarEbkeTAtaméRB CaedIm)an eRBaHehtuénPaBCaGñkmansIl b¤ eRBaHehtuénxøÜnCaGñkman sIl GFib,ayfa eRBaHehtuénsIl . Baküfa dUcCaEkvmNIEdlécñl¥ehIy KW dUcCaEkvmNIEdlCagécñ TukedayRbéB dak;elIdMufµ 4 dMu ehIyenaHÉg . Baküfa dUcCasIlrbs;RBHmhasgÇrkçitetßrnigRBHsgÇrkçitetßr RtÚvCakµÜy KW dUcCasIlrbs;RBHmhasgÇrkçitetßr nig dUcCasIlrbs; RBHsgÇrkçitetßr CakµÜyrbs;RBHmhasgÇrkçitetßrenaHÉg / manGFib,ay fa esckþIekþARkhaycitþnwgmandl;mhaCn { BYkeyIgmkkñúgTIenHedIm,I


255 mhadÍka sIlBYk 5

RbeyaCn_GVIeTA } dUecñH . bTfa Gcärikay )andl; edaykarpÞat;Rkckéd . Baküfa eRBaHminmansti KW eRBaHkarlt;eTAénsti . Baküfa EdleFVIeRBaHmindåg KW kareFVIPøaMgPøat;eRBaHmindwg mann½y fa EdlmindwgehIyeFVI . Baküfa ebIfabuKÁlCaGñksþab;tic mann½yfa RbsinebIbuKÁlCaGñkevorcaknUvFm’Edl)ansþab;man sut³ eKyü³CaedIm. Baküfa mintaMgmaMkñúgsIlTaMgLayedayl¥ KW ebICaGñkmintaMgmaM edayl¥ sUm,IkñúgsIlTaMgLay man)atiemakçsMvrsIlCaedIm . Baküfa sut³rbs;eKmineQµaHfadl;RBm mann½yfa sut³rbs;buKÁl EdlevorcaksIlenaH minCaehtunaMmknUvPvsm,tþidl;xøÜnnigdl;GñkdéT. BitehIy buKÁlEdlCaGñkeronCamYydwgfa { CaGñkRTúsþsIl } dUecñHehIy rEmgmincUleTAkan;sMNak;rbs;eKeTot . kñúgBaküfa BhusSúetabi ec enH s½BÞ fa ec RtwmEtCas½BÞni)at . Baküfa ¬ TaMgeTvtaTaMgRBhµ ¦ k¾ sresIr ¦ KWeQµaHfa CaGñkEdleKsresIrenaHÉg . edays½BÞfa Edlmin RtÚvRbkan;maMedayGMNacraK³ elakeBaldl;karminmanéntNðabramas ¬ kielsRbkan;maM KW tNða ¦ . Baküfa sIlEdldUcKña KW sIlEdlminRtÚvRbkan;maMedayGMNac raK³ . Baküfa Tmøay KW km©at; . Baküfa nwg[sBaØa KW nwgeFVIsBaØa / bMNgfa edIm,I[»kaseyIgEdlCaGñkmaneBltic . bTfa Gdæíyami ERbfa regáós . bTfa hrayami ERbfa xµaseGon . bTfa blibenña ERbfa licenA b¤ ERbfa mins¥ats¥M . Baküfa eyIgnwgsøab;eTARBmCa mYysIlenaHÉg manGFib,ayfa eyIgkalmin)aneFVIsIl[vinaseTA


256 mhadÍka sIlBYk 5

k¾nwgsøab;eTACamYysIlenaHÉg teTAenHeyIgnwgminlHsIlenaH sUm,I kñúgkalNak¾eday . eRBaHfa karRBat;R)ascaksIl nwgmankñúgkarkan; yknUvPB / eyIgnwgminkan;ykPBeToteLIydUecñH . Baküfa BicarNa eraK mann½yfa kMNt;evTnaEdlekItBIeraK namFm’d¾essedayman evTnaCaRbFan nig rUbFm’TaMgLay ehIyeXIjc,as; . Baküfa ¬ kaleyIg ¦ vínaseTA KW ¬ kaleyIg ¦ manragkayRtÚv eraKeFVI[dl;nUvPaBvíkar . bTfa brisusSti ERbfa sVitRseBan . dUc CaGVI ? dUcpáaeQIEdleKe)aHecalelIKMnrFUlI kNþaléf¶dUecñaH man n½yfa dUcpáaeQImanpáaedImc½nÞrI ¬ edImGMBil)araMg ¦ CaedIm EdleKTuk elIKMnrFUlIEdlekþA eRBaHkemþARBHGaTitüdUecñaH . bTfa GCBaØM ERbfa minKYreBjcitþ KW KYrregáós . Baküfa KYreBjcitþ KW EdlBYkmnusSBal sresIry:agenHfa { KYreBjcitþ } . Baküfa CarUbKYreBjcitþsRmab; GñkmineXIj mann½yfa CarUbEdlGñkmineXIj KW mindwgtamesckþIBit sresIrehIyfa { KYreBjcitþ } . bTfa FirtßúmM kat;bTCa Firtßú \mM eRBaHRbkbeday Fi s½BÞ eTIbCa TutiyavíPtþi kñúgbTTaMgBYgmanxøwmsarfa karxakesþaH cMeBaHkays¥úyenH mandUecñH . bTfa TuKÁn§iyM mann½yesµInwg TuKÁn§ikM ERbfa mankøins¥úy . bTfa ytß mann½yfa kays¥úytamEdleBalehIy EdlBYkRbCa RbmaT KW dl;nUvkarRbmaTehIy eRBaHehtuénraK³ . Baküfa RbCa )andl; stV . Baküfa eFVIpøÚvedIm,IcUleTAkan;suKti [vínaseTA manGFib,ayfa sUm,IEtsIlEdlCapøÚvedIm,IkarcUleTAkan;


257 mhadÍka sIlBYk 5

suKti k¾eFVI[vínaseTA / nwgcaM)ac;eBalfVÍdl;KuNvíessCan;elI man QanCaedIm . elakGñkGs;Gasv³ EdlCasav½kTaMgLay KYrnwgehAfa {RBHGrhnþ} Etmü:ag / cMENkelakGñkGs;Gasv³eRkABIenH eRBaHRbRBwtþ eTACamYynwgPaBBiess eTIbKYrnwgehAfa RBHbec©kBuT§ RBHsmµasm<úT§ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa ¬ cMENksIlrbs;elakGñk Gs;Gasv³TaMgLay ¦ { manRBHGrhnþCaedIm } dUecñH . Baküfa edaykars¶b;rm¶ab;nUvesckþIxVl;xVayTaMgBYgecj )andl;; edaykars¶b;rMgab;esckþIxVl;xVay KW kielsTaMgBYgecj)an . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦


258 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk5 TI 2

bBa©ksIl { sIlBYk 5 } TI 2

kñúgbBa©ksIlTI 2 bNÐitKb,IRCabxøwmsaredayGMNacKuN mankar lHCaedImnUveTasTaMgLay man)aNati)atCaedIm / BitehIy RBHFmµ esnabtIsarIbutþ eBalTukkñúgKm<IrbdismÖiTamKÁfa { sIl 5 KW karlHbg; )aNati)at CasIl / karevorcak ¬ )aNati)at ¦ k¾CasIl / ectnaevor cak ¬ )aNati)at ¦ k¾CasIl / karsRgÜm ¬ evorcak)aNati)at ¦ k¾Ca sIl / karminelµIs ¬ )aNati)at ¦ k¾CasIl / karlH karevorcakectna karsRgÜm karminelµIs GTinñaTan kaemsumicäacar³ musavaT bisuNavaca prusvaca smöb,lab³ GPiCÄa Büa)aT micäaTidæi ¬ nImYy ² ¦ CasIl . karlHkamcänÞ³edayenkçmµ³ lHBüa)aTedayGBüa)aT ¬ KW emtþa ¦ lH fÍnmiT§³edayGaelaksBaØa lH]T§c©³edaykarminraymay ¬ ÉkKÁta ¦ lH vícikicäaedayFmµvvdæan ¬ kardak;citþkñúgFm’ ¦ lHGvíC¢aedayjaN lH Grtieday)aemaC¢ lHnIvrN³edaybzmCÄan lHvítþkvícaredayTutiyCÄan lHbItiedayttiyCÄan lHbg;sux nig TukçedayctutßCÄan nig rUbsBaØa bdiXsBaØa nantþsBaØaedayGakasanBa©aytnsmabtþi lHGakasanBa©aytnsBaØaedayvíBaØaNBa©aytnsmabtþi lHvíBaØaNBa©aytnsBaØa edayGakiBa©BaØaytnsmabtþi lHGakiBa©BaØaytnsBaØa edayenvsBaØanasBaØaytnsmabtþi lHnic©sBaØaedayGnic©anubsSna lHsuxsBaØaeday TukçanubsSna lHGtþsBaØaedayGntþanubsSna lHnniÞedayniBViTanubsSna ¬ GnubsSnaEdlRbRBwtþeTAedayGakarenOyNaykñúgsgçar ¦ lHraK³ edayvíraKanubsSna ¬ GnubsSnaEdlRbRBwtþeTAedaykarlHbg;raK³ ¦ lH


259 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk5 TI 2

smuTy³edaynieraFanubsSna ¬ smøwgsgçarEdlrlt; ¦ lHkarR)afña hYskMNt;edaymuBa©itukmµytanubsSna lHesckþIRbkan;TukedaybdinisSKÁanubsSna ¬ GnubsSnaEdlRbRBwtþeTAedayGakarlHsgçar ¦ lH XnsBaØa ¬ karsmÁal;fadMu ¦ edayxyanubsSna ¬ smøwgemIlsgçarsUnü eTA ¦ lHkarRbmUlykTuk edayvyanubsSna ¬ smøwgemIlsgçarEdl vínas ¦ lHFuvsBaØa ¬ karsmÁal;fa yWnyUr ¦ edayvíbriNamanubsSna ¬ smøwgemIlsgçaredayPaBERbRbÜl ¦ lHkielsEdlCanimitþeday GnimitþanubsSna lHkielsEdlCaTItaMgedayGb,NihitanubsSna lH GPinievs ¬ GtþanuTidæi ¦ edaysuBaØtanubsSna lHkarcuHcitþmaMEdlfaCa sar³ ¬ kñúgvtßúEdlminEmnCasar³ ¦ edayGFib,BaØaFmµvíbsSna ¬ kareXIj c,as;nUvFm’edayGFib,BaØa ¦ lHkarcuHcitþmaMedayGMNacesckþIl¶g;eday yfaPUtBaØaNTsSn³ lHkarcuHcitþmaMedayGMNacGal½yedayGaTInvanubsSna lHkarminBicarNa ¬ rkpøÚvrYcput ¦ edaybdisgçarnubsSna lHesckþIcuHcitþmaMedayGMNacsMeyaKedayvívdþanubsSna lHkiels TaMgLayEdlmanTItaMgrYmCamYyTidæiedayesatabtþimKÁ lHkielsy:ag eRKatRKatedayskTaKamimKÁ lHkielsy:agl¥itedayGnaKamimKÁ lH sBVkielsedayGrhtþmKÁ ¬ nImYy ² ¦ CasIl / karevorcak ectna kar sRgÜm karminelµIs ¬ cMeBaHeTasnigKuNTaMgLayenaHnImYy ² ¦ Ca sIl / sIlEbbenHÉgRbRBwtþeTAedIm,IkarminekþARkhayéncitþRbRBwtþeTA edIm,I)aemaC¢ edIm,IbIti edIm,IbsST§i edIm,IesamnsS edIm,IkarrIkceRmIn ¬ nUvsmaFi ¦ edIm,IeFVIsmaFi[ceRmIn edIm,IeFVI[ceRmIn ¬ nUvsmaFi ¦ edIm,I Fm’CaeRKÓgRbdab; ¬ énsmaFi ¦ edIm,IFm’Edl]btßmÖ ¬ smaFi ¦ edIm,IFm’Ca brivar¬ énsmaFi ¦ edIm,IPaBeBjelj¬ énsmaFi ¦ edIm,IesckþIenOyNay


260 vísuT§imKÁ sIlBYk5 TI 2

NayEtmü:ag edIm,IeFVI[RsalesþIgnUvraK³ edIm,IesckþIrMlt; edIm,IesckþI s¶b;rMgab; edIm,Ikardwgvíess edIm,IkardwgRBm edIm,IniBVandUecñH . kñúgFm’ 5 Rbkar manbhan³CaedImenH eQµaHfa Fm’Na ² Edlnwg ehAfa bhan³ rEmgminman evorEtFm’KW karminekIteLIgéneTasman )aNati)atCaedIm dUcEdl)aneBalehIyEtmü:ag EteRBaHfa karlHenaH ² eBal)anfa CakarcUleTARTRTg;Tuk eRBaHGtßfa CaTItaMgGaRs½yén kuslFm’enaH² nigCakarrYmykTuk eRBaHmineFVI[x©at;x©ay ¬ énkuslFm’ enaH ² ¦ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakehAfa sIl eRBaHGtßfa CamUldæan eBal KW CakarcUleTARTRTg;Tuk nig rYbrYmTuk dUcEdl)aneBalehIy xagedImenaHÉg Fm’ 4 y:ageRkABIenH elaksMedAykkarRbRBwtþieTAén citþedayevorcakeTasenaH² edaykarsRgÜmcMeBaHeTasenaH² pg eday ectnasm,yutþkñúgkarevorcak nig karsRgÜmTaMgBIrenaHpg edaykarmin elµIsrbs;buKÁlEdlminknøgeTasenaH ² pg / cMENkGtßfa Fm’ 4 y:ag enaH CasIl ´m©as;GFib,ayTukxagedImehIy. sIl 5 y:ag CabBa©sIl man bhansIlCaedIm Kb,IRCabedayRbkardUecñH . ÉkareqøIybBaðaTaMgLayenH KW GVICasIl EdlehAfasIl eRBaHGtßfa dUcemþc GVICalkçN³ Cars CaeRKÓgR)akd nig CabTdæanrbs;sIlenaH sIlmanGanisgSy:agNa nig sIlenaHmanb:unµany:ag cb;Rtwmb:ueNÑH .

mhadÍka BN’nasIlBYk 5 TI 2 eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ ERbfa CaedIm ¦ / kñúgBaküfa )aNati)ataTInM ¬ nUv


261 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

)aNati)atCaedIm ¦ Kb,IRCabfa rYmykGTinñaTanCaedImpg kielsEdl mKÁfñak;kMBUl ¬ GrhtþmKÁ ¦ Kb,Ismøab; CaTIbMput . eday GaTi sBÞ kñúg Baküfa bhanaTi ¬ sIlmankarlHCaedIm ¦ Kb,IeXIjfa rYmyksIl 4 y:ag manevrmNI ¬karevorcak¦ CaedIm . kñúgKm<IrxøHcarTukfa { bhanvesn } edayGMNacénkarlH / enaHCakarcarTukeXøógXøat . Baküfa karlH)aNati)atk¾CasIl mann½yfa )aNati)at RtÚvlH eTAedaykuslcitþúb,aTEdlman hiri »tþb,³ kruNa GelaP³CaedIm Ca RbFany:agNa enaHeQµaHfa bhan³ karlHbg; ¬ b¤eRKÓglHbg; ¦ )aNati)atCasIl edayGtßfa sRgÜm . kñúgn½yenHEdr karevorcak)aNati)at eQµaHfa evrmNI sIl . ectnaCabdibkçcMeBaH)aNati)at eQµaHfa ectnasIl . karsRgÜm KW karkarBarTVarEdlcUleTAén)aNati)at eQµaHfa sMvrsIl . karmin Qanknøg)aNati)at eQµaHfa GvÍtikámsIl . sUm,IkñúgBaküfa GTinñaTansS CaedIm k¾mann½ydUcKña . cMENkkarlH ¬ bhan³ ¦ Fm’TaMgLayman GPiCÄa CaedIm Kb,IRCab fa edayGMNacFm’ manGPiCÄaCaedIm . evrmNIectnaEdlsm,yutþCa mYyGnPiCÄaCaedIm sMvr nig GvÍtikám )andl; Fm’TaMgLay ¬ d¾ess ¦ manGnPiCÄaenaHCaedIm EdlCaRbFan . elakGacarü kalsEmþgbhansIl CaedImedayTak;TgCamYykusl kmµbT 10 y:ag enHehIy \LÚvenH bMNgnwgsEmþgnUvbhansIlCa edImTaMgLayenaH edayTak;TgCamYynwgsmabtþi 8 RBmTaMg])ayeday Tak;TgCamYymhavíbsSna 18 nig Tak;TgCamYyGriymKÁTaMgLay eTIb


262 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

epþÍmBaküfa { enkçemµn } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaHBaküfa edayenkçmµ³ KW edaykuslcitþúb,aTEdlmanGelaP³CaRbFan . Bit ehIy kuslFm’TaMgLay CabdibkçcMeBaHkam RBHsarIbutþetßrbMNg eBalfa enkçmµ³ kñúgTIenH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { karlH kamcänÞ³ ¬ edayenkçmµ³ ¦ k¾CasIl } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLay enaH Kb,IRCabnUvsIl 5 y:ag man bhansIl CaedIm tamn½yEdl´ m©as;nwgeBalkñúgeBleRkaycuH . ´m©as;sEmþgnUvesckþIEbøk² b:ueNÑaH . Baküfa edaykarminBüa)aT KW edayemtþa . Baküfa edayGaelaksBaØa KW edaykarsmÁÁal;kñúgBnøWEdlR)akd eFVI[Cak;c,as;ehIy eFVITukkñúgcitþ . Baküfa edayGviekçb KW eday smaFi . Baküfa edaykarkMNt;Fm’ KW edaykarvínicä½ytamesckþIBit nUvFm’TaMgLaymankuslCaedIm . GacarüCaeRcIneBalfa )andl; kar kMNt;namrUbRBmTaMgbc©½y dUecñHk¾man . elakGacarükalsEmþgnUvsIlTaMgLaymanbhansIlCaedIm eday GMNacénbdibTaEdlCacMENkxagedIm EdlCa])ay[seRmcnUvKuN víess manbzmCÄanCaedIm EdlRTg;)anRtas;TukedayBaküfa { GPiCÄM elaek bhay } lHGPiCÄakñúgelak edaykarlHnIvrN³ mankamcänÞ³ CaedImecj)any:agenHehIy \LÚvenH bMNgnwgsEmþgTukedayGMNac énKuNvíess mansmabtþi 8 CaedIm RBmTaMg])ay eTIbeBalBaküfa jaeNn dUecñHCaedIm . BitehIy Gnic©sBaØaCaedIm EtgseRmcdl; RBHeyaKIEdltaMgenAkñúgjatbriBaØa)an k¾edaykareFVIemah³EdlCaeRKÓg


263 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

biT)aMgkñúgkarkMNt;namrUb nig karqøgesckþIsgS½y [enAkñúgTIq¶ay . mü:ageTot RBHeyaKIvcr rEmglHGrti ¬ karminrIkray ¦ )aneday )aemaC¢EdlCaehtuénkarrIkrayd¾éRkElg ¬ GPirti ¦ kñúgQansmabtþi TaMgLay . kalkarminrIkraykñúgQansmabtþiTaMgLayenaH RtÚvbenÞa bg;ecjehIy k¾mankarseRmcQanCaedIm)an eRBaHehtuenaH smabtþi nigvíbsSna mankarbenÞabg;Grti nigkarTmøayGvíC¢aCaedImCa])ay eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { karlHGvíC¢aedayjaN karlH Grtieday)aemaC¢ }dUecñH. EtKb,IeXIjfa elakeFVIBakünieTÞsqøglMdab; Kña edIm,IsEmþgnUvkarse®gÁaHykGvíC¢aEdlmansPaBCanIvrN³ TukkñúgBYk nIvrN³ nwgsEmþgkñúgeBleRkay . ¬ ebIeFVIBakünieTÞsTuktamlMdab;Kña k¾nwgeXIjfa { karlHGrtieday)aemaC¢ karlHGvíC¢aedayjaN ¦ . Baküfa karlHnIvrN³TaMgLayedaybzmCÄan CaedIm sYrfa QanTaMgLaynwgfaCasIl )andUcemþc ? b¤fa kñúgQanTaMgLayenaH mankarekItvírti ¬ FmµCatiEdlevorcak ¦ )any:agNa ? eRBaHfa Qan TaMgLayenH rEmgRbRBwtþeTAedayGMNackartaMgmaMéncitþrbs;buKÁlEdl mankaykmµCaedIm brisuT§l¥ehIy minEmnRbRBwtþeTAedayTak;TgCamYy karCRmHkaykmµCaedIm [brisuT§dUckamavcrkuslenaHeT TaMgmin)an RbRBwtþeTAedayTak;Tgdl;karkat;pþac; nig kars¶b;rMgab;Tuc©rit RBmTaMg micäaCÍv³dUcCamKÁFm’ nig plFm’ TaMgLayenaHEdr ? eqøIyfa karEdl eBalmkenHRtÚv / kñúgmhKÁtFm’TaMgLayminmansPav³ EdlCasIln³ ¬sRgÜm KW sPav³EdlcUleTARTRTg;TuksPav³EdltaMgTukedayl¥¦ eday nibriyayenaHeT nwgmansPav³EdlRtÚvevorcakBIRtwmNaeTA EtKb,IeXIj fa Baküfa karlHnIvrNFm’TaMgLayedaybzmCÄan CaedImenH elak


264 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

eBalTukedaybriyay . k¾briyayenaH KWGVI KWfa eBlmhKÁtkuslTaMgLaylHFm’EdlCa bdibkç ehIyeBlenaHk¾eQµaHfa evorcakFm’EdlCabdibkçTaMgLayenaH nigeQµaHfa sRgÜm ¬ karBarbiT)aMg ¦ Tuk edayRbkarEdlFm’Cabdibkç TaMgLayenaHeLIgkan;citþmin)an . eQµaHfa GvÍtikám eRBaHGtßfa min mankarQanknøgpøÚvmenaTVar eBalKW kielsrMuB½T§ / cMENkectna k¾)an dl;ectnaEdlsm,yutþCamYymhKÁtFm’TaMgLayenaHÉg . GtßaFib,ay enHenaH nwgmkdl;xagmux . sUm,IBaküfa karlHvítkáCaedIm k¾Cakar eRbI)an eRBaHeFVIGFib,ayy:agenH . eRBaHfa edaynibriyay sIlCaGñk lHkuslFm’TaMgLayminRtwmRtÚveT / ÉkñúgGFikarenH elakk¾min)an bMNgykFm’manvítkáCaedIm EdlCaGkusl . karlHTukç rEmgman)ankñúg]bcar³énbzmCÄanenaHÉg nig karlH suxrEmgman)ankñúg]bcar³énctutßCÄank¾Bit/ sUm,Iy:agenaH elaksMedA ykkarlHy:agBitR)akd eTIbeBalfa karlHsux nig TukçedayctutßCÄan dUecñH . kñúgBaküfa karlHrUbsBaØa . l . edayGakasanBa©aytn smabtþi CaedIm manBaküEdlKYrGFib,ayy:agNa BaküenaHnwgmk kñúgkfaeBaledayGrUbkmµdæan . kartamBicarNaeXIjnUvvtßúEdlmineTog b¤ tamBicarNaeXIjfa min eTog eQµaHfa Gnic©anubsSna . Baküfa Gnic©anubsSna enH CaeQµaH rbs;víbsSnaEdlRbRBwtþeTAkan;ykPaBCarbs;mineTogénFm’EdlRbRBwtþ eTAkñúgPUmi 3 . Baküfa karlHnic©sBaØa KW karlHbg;karsmÁal;xusEdlRbRBwtþeTA y:agenHfa { sgçarFm’TaMgLay eTog yWnyUr } dUecñH .


265 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

Kb,IeXIjfa kan;ykTaMgTidæi nig citþ edays½BÞfa sBaØa enaHÉg . sUm,IkñúgBaküniyayeRkABIenH k¾mann½ydUcenH . Baküfa eday niBViTanubsSna KWedayGnubsSnaEdlRbRBwtþeTAedayGakarenOyNay kñúgsgçarTaMgLay . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ nnÞi KW ¬ karlH ¦ tNðaEdl RbkbedaybIti . Baküfa edayvíraKanubsSna KW edayGnubsSnaEdlRbRBwtþeTA edaykarlHbg;raK³ . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ raK³ KW ¬ karlH ¦ esckþI RsLaj;kñúgsgçarTaMgLay . Baküfa edaynieraFanubsSna KWedaykartamBicarNaeXIjnUvkar rlt;eTAénsgçarTaMgLay . mü:ageTot kartamBicarNaeXIjsgçar TaMgLay rEmgrlt;eTAEtmü:ag rEmgminekIteLIgedayGMNacénPBfµÍt eTAeTot eQµaHfa nieraFanubsSna . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHsarIbutþetßr eBalTukfa { nieraFanubsSnay nieraeFti ena smueTti eTti } rEmgeFVI[rlt;eTA minEmneFVI[ekIteLIg edaynieraFanubsSnadUecñH . nieraFanubsSnaenH dl;nUvPaBmankmøaMg edaymuBa©itukmµytajaN1 . GnubsSnaEdlRbRBwtþeTAedaykarlHnUv sgçarTaMgLayenaHÉg eQµaHfa bdínisSKÁanubsSna . 1

kñúgKm<IrbrmtßTIbnI ¬ c,ab;éf TMB½r 792 ¦ eBalfa Km<IrvísuT§imKÁc,ab;éf eRbIBaküfa { muBa©itukmµytajaN } xuseKalPasa RtÚveRbIBakü { muc©itukmµytajaN } víj >>>. - Baküfa muBa©icitu mkBI muBa©ituM ERbfa bENþt . - Baküfa muc©itu mkBI muc©itMu ERbfa rYcput . esckþIGFib,aymankñúgKm<IrbrmtßTIbnI bNÐitKb,IBicarNacuH .


266 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

ÉbdinisSKÁanubsSnaenH )andl; bBaØaEdlBicarNaehIyRBegÍy kenþIy . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ esckþIRbkan; ¬ GaTan ¦ )andl; ¬karlH¦ esckþI Rbkan;EdlTak;Tgfa Carbs;eTogCaedIm . karRbkan;edaysPaBCa rbs;EtmYy edayGMNacénkarbnþKña karrYmKña kic© nig GarmµN_ eQµaHfa XnsBaØa )andl; ¬ karlH ¦ XnsBaØaenaH . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ esckþIxVl;xVay ¬ GayUhn ¦ )andl; ¬ karlH ¦ kartak;Etg . karEdlsgçarTaMgLaydl;nUvGakarERbRbÜleTA manGakar Edlzítefrmin)an eQµaHfa víbriNam . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ karsmÁal;famaMTaM ¬FuvsBaØa¦ )andl; ¬ karlH ¦ esckþIRbkan;fa Carbs;maMTaM . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ nimitþ )andl; karlH esckþIRbkan;xusnUvsgçarTaMgLay EdlTak;Tgnwg Xn ¬ PaBCadMu ¦ man smUhXn³CaedIm nig edaykarkMNt;tamkic©rbs;xøÜn . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦bNiFi )andl; ¬ karlH ¦ bNiFi manraK³CaedÍm mann½yfa ¬ karlH ¦ Pav³Edlmancitþbeg¥aneTAkan;sgçarTaMgLay edayGMNactNða . Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ karRbkan;maM ¬ GPinievs ¦ )an dl; ¬ karlH ¦ GtþanuTidæi . karBicarNaFm’EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 TaMg Gs;edayCarbs;mineTog CaTukçCaedIm eQµaHfa GFib,BaØaFmµvibsSna. Baküfa ¬ karlH ¦ esckþIRbkan;maMedaykarRbkan;faCasar³ )an dl; lHbg;esckþIeXIjxusedaykarRbkan;faCasar³kñúgsgçarTaMgLay Edlminmansar³ . eQµaHfa yfaPUtBaØaNTsSn )andl; GnubsSna manGnic©anubsSnaCaedIm Edldl;nUvPaBmaMTaMehIyenaHÉg . GacarüBYk


267 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

xøHeBalfa )andl; ]TyBVyBaØaN . GacarümYyBYkeToteBalfa )an dl; jaNTI 6 eXIjnamrUbRBmTaMgbc©½y . esckþIRbkan;maMfa { elak ekIteLIgRBmehIy edayGMNacénRBH\sVr³sageLIgCaedIm } eQµaHfa karRbkan;maMedayesckþIvegVg ¬semµahaPinievs¦ . GacarüBYkxøHeBal fa )andl; karRbkan;maMfadac;sUnü faeTog . GacarümYyBYkeToteBal fa kardl;nUvkarsgS½y EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgn½yfa { Gehasw nu exa GhM GtItmn§anM } kñúgkalCaGtIteyIg)anekItehIy b¤hñ+ ¡ dUecñHCaedIm eQµaHfa karRbkan;edayGMNacénkarvegVg . karRbkan;edaykarRbyuT§ tTl;d¾ekþAkñúgsgçarTaMgLay eQµaHfa karRbkan;edayesckþIGal½y ¬ GalyaPinievs ¦ . tNða eQµaHfa Gal½y eRBaHmanBaküniyayfa { Galyrta GalysmµúTita } Cab;CMBak;ehIyeRBaHGal½y rIkray ehIyeRBaHGal½ydUecñH . GacarümYyBYkeToteBalfa tNðaenaHÉg eQµaHfa GalyaPinievs eRBaHRbRBwtþeTAedayGMNacesckþIRbkan;kñúg TVarTaMgLay manckçúTVarCaedIm nig kñúgGarmµN_TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm dUecñH . jaN Edl)andwgfa { sgçarEdltaMgenAy:agenHenaH rEmgRtÚvlH bg;eTA } eQµaHfa bdísgçarnubsSna . eQµaHfa karminBicarNa )andl; GkuslFm’TaMgLayEdlman emah³CabTdæanCabdibkçdl;karBicarNa. RBHniBVaneQµaHfa vívdþ³ eRBaH eTAR)ascakvdþ³ karRbRBwtþieTAedaykartamBicarNaeXIj eBalKW PaB CaGñkmancitþbeg¥aneTAkñúgvivdþ³enaH eQµaHfa vívdþanubsSna )andl; sgçaruebkçajaN nigGnuelamBaØaN . eQµaHfa esckþIRbkan;maMeday


268 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

sMeyaK )andl; karRbkan;maMkñúgsgçarTaMgLayedayGMNacénkar Rbkb . Baküfa EdlmanTItaMgEtmYyCamYyTidæi KW EdlmanTItaMgCamYyKña ekItRBmKñaCamYyTidæinigmanTItaMgEtmYyCamYyKñaedaykarlHbg; ¬RBmCa mYyTidæi ¦ . Baküfa ¬ kielsTaMgLay ¦ EdleRKatRKat elakeBal eRbóbeFobCamYykielsTaMgLayEdlRtÚvsmøab;edaymKÁCan;elI . ebI kan;ykedayRbkardéT kielsTaMgLayEdlTsSn³ ¬ esatabtþimKÁ ¦ Kb,IlHbg; k¾eQµaHfa eRKatRKatCagkielsEdlmKÁTI 2 ¬skTaKamimKÁ¦ Kb,IlH . bTfa GNushKtanM ERbfa y:agl¥it BaküenH elakeBal eRbóbeFobCamYykielsEdlRtÚvsmøab;edaymKÁCan;eRkam . Baküfa kielsTaMgLayTaMgBYg )andl; kielsTaMgLayEdlenA sl; . eRBaHfa kielsTaMgLayEdlmKÁ 3 manbzmmKÁCaedIm lHbg; )anehIy GrhtþmKÁminRtÚvlHeToteT . Baküfa rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBmedIm,IkarminekþARkhayéncitþ CaedIm mann½yfa sIl rEmgmanedIm,ICaRbeyaCn_dl;karminekþARkhayéncitþ eRBaHmanBaküniyayfa sMvera Gvíb,dísartßay sMvrrEmgmanedIm,I RbeyaCn_dl;karminekþARkhaycitþ nigfa { Gvíb,dísartßani exa GannÞ kuslani sIlani } mñalGannÞ kuslsIlTaMgLaymankarminekþA RkhaycitþCaRbeyaCn_ dUecñH . eQµaHfa rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBmedÍm,I)aemaC¢ eRBaHmanBaküfa Gvíb,dísaera )amuC¢dæay . { eyaniesa mnsikaeraeta )amuC¢M Cayti } karminekþARkhaycitþ rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBmedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;)aemaC¢ .


269 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

kalmnsikareday])ayRtÚvTMng )aemaC¢rEmgekIteLIgdUecñH. eQµaHfa rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBmedÍm,IbIti eRBaHmanBaküsEmþgfa )amuC¢M bItiya . { bmuTitsS bIti Cayti } )aemaC¢RbRBwtþeTAedIm,IbIti . buKÁlGñkman citþRtCak;rEmgekItbItidUecñH . eQµaHfa rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBmedIm,I bsST§i eRBaHmanBaküsEmþgfa bIti bsST§ay . { bItimnsS kaeya bsSmÖti } bItirEmgRbRBwtþeTARBmedIm,I bsST§i / kayrbs;buKÁlmancitþ RbkbedaybIti rEmgs¶b;rMgab;dUecñH . eQµaHfa rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBm edIm,IesamnsS eRBaHmanBaküsEmþgfa bsST§i suxtßay . { bsST§kaeya suxM evTyti } bsST§irEmgRbRBwtþeTARBm edÍm,IRbeyaCn_sux buKÁlEdlmankays¶b;rMgab;ehIy rEmgesaysuxdUecñHÉg . kñúgBaküfa edÍm,IRbeyaCn_dl;sux rEmgesaysux } dUecñHenH RTg;Rtas;cMeBaHesamnsSfa { sux } . Baküfa edÍm,IGaesvn KW edIm,I Gaesvn³énsmaFi . esckþIfa BitehIykalsuxEdlminmanGamis seRmcehIy smaFik¾seRmcdUcKña eRBaHmanBaküsEmþgfa { suxiena citþM smaFiyti } citþrbs;Gñkmansux rEmgtaMgmaMdUecñH . eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbmankarsmÁal;fa sIlRbRBwtþeTARBmedIm,IGaesvn³ KWedIm,IPaBrh½s rhYn nig mankmøaMgénsmaFi . Baküfa edÍm,IPavna KW edIm,IesckþI ceRmInénsmaFienaHÉg . Baküfa edÍm,IkareFVI[eRcIn KW edIm,IkareFVIerOy². Baküfa edÍm,IFm’ EdlCaeRKÓgRbdab; KW rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBm KW edIm,IFm’EdlCaeRKÓg tak;Etg edaykarbegáIteLIgnUvKuN mansT§i®nÞIy_CaedIm EdlCaeRKÓg


270 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

Rbdab;rbs;smaFienaHÉg . Baküfa edÍm,Ibrikçar KW rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBm edIm,ICabrikçarénsmaFi enaHÉg edaykarseRmcénFm’EdlCasmÖar³ ¬ GgÁRbkb ¦ rbs;smaFi man Gvíb,disar³ ¬ karminekþARkhaycitþ ¦ CaedIm . eRBaHfa s½BÞfa brikçar kñúgTIenH manesckþIsmÁal;fa smÖar³ . É bc©½y Kb,IRCabfa eQµaHfa smÖar³ dUckñúgRbeyaKfa { eyekcIem bBVCíetn CÍvítbrikçara smuTaentBVa } brikçar ¬ KW smÖar³ )andl; bc©½y ¦ énCÍvít EdlbBVCítKb,IWEsVgrkmk dUecñHCaedIm . s½BÞfa brikçar elakeBalfa manGtßfa CaeRKÓgRbdab; dUckñúg RbeyaKfa { refa sIlbrikçaera } rf mansIlCabrikçarCaedImk¾)an / manGtßfa brivar ¬ eRKÓgecameram ¦ dUckñúgRbeyaKfa { stþhi nKrbrikçaerhi subrikçitþM ehati } nKrEdlhuMB½T§l¥ehIyedaybrikçarnKr 7 y:ag dUecñHCaedImk¾)an. EtkñúgTIenHEdleBal)anfa { manGtßfa smÖar³ ¬ KWbc½©y ¦ } eRBaHCaeRKÓgRbdab; nigbrivar elakkan;ykmü:ag² epSg ² Kña . Baküfa edIm,Ibrivar KW rEmgRbRBwtþeTAedIm,Ibrivarsm,tþi eday[ seRmcFm’víessman sti vÍriy³ CaedIm EdlCabrivarrbs;smaFi eRBaHCa mUlehtuenaHÉg . Baküfa edIm,IPaBbribUrN_ KW rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBm edIm,IPaBbribUrN_énsmaFi eday[seRmcPaBbribUrN_ KW kar[seRmc vsIPaB nig [dl;nUvPaBCabTdæanénvíbsSna . elakGacarü kalsEmþgsmaFiEdlmanPaBbrisuT§il¥CamUl Edlman PaBbribUrN_edayGakarTaMgBYgy:agenHehIy \LÚvenH bMNgnwgsEmþg nUvRbeyaCn_TaMgLay EdlmansIlCamUlmansmaFiCabTdæan edayRBH


271 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

)alIfa { smahieta bCanati bsSti . eb . víraKa vímuc©ti } buKÁl EdlmancitþtaMgmaMrEmgdwg rEmgeXIj kaldwg kaleXIj tamesckþI Bit k¾rEmgenOyNay kalenOyNayrEmgR)ascakteRmk eRBaHR)as cakteRmk citþk¾rYcput eTIbeBalfa {edÍ edÍm,IesckþIenOyNayEtmü:ag} g dUecñHCaedIm . BitehIy kalelak)ansEmþgnUvniBViTa ¬ karenOyNay ¦ ehIy yfaPUtBaØaNTsSn ¬kareXIj KWkardwgtamesckþIBit¦ EdlCabTdæan énniBViTajaNenaH k¾elak)ansEmþgehIy eRBaHkalebIyfaPUtBaØaNTsSn³enaHminmanniBViTak¾seRmcmin)an . elakGacarüEckFm’TaMgLay manniBViTaCaedIm edaysPav³Etmü:ag . Baküfa yfaPUtBaØaNTsSn kñúgTIenHsMedAykkareXIjnamrUbRBmTaMgbc©½y. Kb,IRCabfa kñúgGFikar enH elakGacarüsEmþgnUvRbeyaCn_rbs;sIlEdlmanGmtmhaniBVanCa TIbMput TukdUcEdl)aneBalmkenH . \LÚvenH elakGacarüsEmþgsPav³EdlCasIl kñúgFm’TaMgLay man bhan³CaedIm eTIbepþÍmBaküfa { Étß c } dUecñHCaedIm. kñúgFm’TaMgLay enaH karlH )andl; karrlt; KW minekIteLIg eQµaHfa bhan³ / eRBaH ehtuenaH elaksMedAykPaBCaPavsaFn³énbhan³enaH ¬ KW [ERbfa karlH ¦ eTIbeBalfa { eQµaHfa Fm’Na ² ehAfa bhan³ minman } dUecñH . mü:ageTot bhan³ enaHmankareXIjFm’ k¾edayRbkarénBakü rbs;´ m©as;)ansMvNÑnaenAeBleRkayenaHÉg . BitehIy karlHenaHCasIl rEmgsmKYrl¥ dUcEdl)aneBalehIy. Baküfa karlHenaH ² )andl; karlHEdl)aneBalTuk y:agenHfa


272 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

{ karlH)aNati)at } karlH { GTinñaTan } CaedImenaH ² . Baküfa énkuslFm’enaH ² KWénkuslFm’enaH ² y:agenH KWkarlH)aNati)at CakarcUleTARTRTg;TukedayGtßfa CaTItaMgénkuslFm’ manemtþaCaedÍm / karlHGTinñaTan CakarcUleTARTRTg;Tuk edayGtßfa CaTItaMgén kuslFm’mancaK³CaedIm . Baküfa edayGtßfaCaTItaMg KW edayPaBCa TItaMg . elakGacarüeFVITukkñúgcitþfa BitehIy kuslFm’enaHman karlH eTIbman)an kalkuslFm’enaHminman karlHk¾minman karlHenaHeTIb )annUvPav³EdlKYrnwgeBal)anfa { CaTItaMg } énkuslFm’enaHdUecñH ehIyeTIbeBaldl; karlH)aNati)at CaedImenaHfa CakartaMgTukeday l¥ edaymineFVI[jab;j½r ¬ kñúgvísuT§imKÁ {edaymineFVIesckþIþ[x©at;x©ay} ¦ eRBaHGtßfa Fm’TaMgLay man)aNati)atCaedIm mankñúgsnþanNa k¾Ca ehtu[jab;j½rénsnþanenaH . sUm,IkñúgkarlHFm’d¾ess k¾manBakü EdlKYreBaly:agenH . eQµaHfa kartaMgcitþTukedayl¥ )andl; kar taMgcitþTukedayRbéB b¤ )andl; karsRgÜm . Baküfa Fm’ 4 y:ageRkABIenH GFib,ayfa Fm’ 4 y:ag manevrmNI ¬ kaevorcak ¦ CaedIm . minEmnRtwmEtbBaØtþi dUcCa bhan³ ¬karlH¦eT . Baküfa cakeTasenaH ² KWcakeTas man)aNati)atCaedImenaH . Baküfa ¬ edayGMNacénkarsRgÜm ¦ eTasenaH ² KW edayGMNac énkarkarBareTas man)aNati)atCaedIm b¤ edayGMNacénkarsRgÜm enaH ² . Baküfa edayGMNacectnaEdlsm,yutþedaykarevorcak nigkarsRgÜmTaMg 2 enaH KW edayGMNacénectnaEdlsm,yutþCamYy karevorcakTaMgLay RBmTaMgsMvrFm’TaMgLay .


273 mhadÍka sIlBYk5 TI 2

Baküfa énbuKÁlEdlminQanknøgeTasenaH² mann½yfa Fm’ 4 y:ageRkABIenH eQµaHfa elakeBalsMedAykPav³EdlmanenA énkar RbRBwtþieTArbs;citþ edayGMNacénbuKÁlGñkminQanknøgeTas man )aNati)atCa edImenaH ² b¤ énRbCMuFm’ eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbmanGFib,ayfa rEmgrk)an sUm,IkñúgxN³EtmYyCamYyKña . ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦


274 vísuT§imKÁ PaBesAhµgénsIl

PaBesAhµg nig PaBpUrpg;énsIl cMENkbBaðakmµEdlfa GVICaPaBesAhµg nig GVICaPaBpUrpg;rbs; sIlenaH ´m©as;nwgeBaldl;bBaðakmµenaHdUcteTA kardac;sIlCaedIm CaPaBesAhµgrbs;sIl sIlmindac;CaedIm CaPaBpUrpg;rbs;sIl .

PaBesAhµgénsIl Ékardac;sIlCaedImenaH elakse®gÁaHykkarEbkFøay ¬ énsIl ¦ EdlmanlaP nig ysCaedIm Caehtumü:ag 1 edayemfunsMeyaK 7 Rbkar Caehtumü:ag 1 . BitehIy sikçabTkñúgcMENkxagedIm b¤ kñúgcMENkxagcug kñúgGabtþi TaMg 7 kg rbs;PikçúNaTmøayehIy sIlrbs;PikçúenaH eQµaHfa CasIl dac; dUcsMBt;dac;CaydUecñaH / cMENksikçabTrbs;PikçúNaTmøaykñúg cMENkkNþal sIlrbs;PikçúenaHeQµaHfa sIlFøúH dUcCasMBt;EdlFøúHenA Rtg;kNþaldUecñaH / sikçabTrbs;;PikçúNaFøay 2 - 3 sikçabT eTAtam lMdab; sIlrbs;PikçúenaH eQµaHfa CasIlBBal dUcemeKaEdlxøÜnman BN’Rkhm b¤exµAy:agNamYy manBN’cMruHKñaxagmux xageRkay nigenA Rtg;eBaHxøHdUecñaH / sIlrbs;PikçúNaFøayexÞcxÞI sIlrbs;PikçúenaH eQµaH fa sIlBRBús dUcCaemeKaEdlmanxøÜnlayeTAedayBN’cMruHdUecñaH sIl dac;CaedIm edaykarEbkFøay ¬ énsIl ¦ EdlmanlaPCaedImehtu rEmg manedayRbkardUecñHÉg .


275 vísuT§imKÁ PaBesAhµgénsIl

emfunsMeyaK 7 ¬ cMENksIldac;CaedIm ¦ edayGMNacemfunsMeyaK 7 Kb,IRCab dUcteTAenH ³ BitehIy RBHmanRBHPaKRtas;Tuk ¬kñúgemfunsMeyaKsURtenaH¦ fa ³ 1 - { mñalRBahµN_ smN³kþI RBahµN_kþI buKÁlNamYykñúgelak enH ebþCJa ¬ xøÜnfa ¦ CaRBhµcarIBit ² )anedaykarRbkbkiriyaEdlbuKÁl enABIrnak; ehIyKb,IenACamYymatuRKam minEmnCazan³eT / eRBaHenA rIkrayedaykarfñak;fñm karxat;BN’ kar[gUtTwk karKk;Rc)ac;én matuRKamEdleKrIkrayRsLaj; nig dl;nUvkarsb,aycitþedaykarbeRmI mankarfñak;fñmCaedImenaH mñalRBahµN_ sUm,IkarrIkray karbeRmIén matuRKamenaH rab;faCakardac;k¾)an FøúHk¾)an BBalk¾)an BRBúsk¾ )anénRBhµcriy³rbs;smNRBahµN_enaH mñalRBahµN_ smNRBahµN_ enaH tfaKtehAfa eKRbRBwtþRBhµcriy³minbrisuT§ Rbkbedayemfun sMeyaK rEmgminrYcputcakCati Cra mrN³ . l . tfaKteBal)anfa eKminGacrYcputcakTukç)aneLIy } . 2 - { mñalRBahµN_ esckþIdéTenAmaneTot smN³kþI RBahµN_kþI buKÁlNamYykñúgelakenHkþI EdlebþCJa ¬ xøÜnfa ¦ CaRBhµcarIBit ² )an edaykarRbkbkiriyaEdlbuKÁlenABIrnak; ehIyKb,IenACamYymatuRKam minEmnCazan³eT / TaMgsUm,I ¬ mindl; ¦ nUvkarrIkrayfñak;fñm . l . én matuRKam Etfa enAesIccMGkelg kMEbøgelgCamYymatuRKam eKrIkray edaykaresIccMGkCaedImenaH . l . tfaKtehAfa eKrEmgminrYcput cakTukç)aneLIy } .


276 vísuT§imKÁ PaBesAhµgénsIl

3 - { mñalRBahµN_ esckþIdéTenAmaneTot smN³kþI RBahµN_kþI buKÁlNamYykñúgelakenHkþI ebþCJa ¬ xøÜnfa ¦ CaRBhµcarIBit ² )aneday karRbkbkiriyaEdlbuKÁlenABIrnak; ehIyKb,IenACamYymatuRKam minEmn Cazan³eT / TaMgmindl;nUvkarrIkrayfñak;fñm . l . énmatuRKamTaMg min ¬ dl;nUv ¦ karesIccMGk esIcelgkMEbøgCamYymatuRKam EtfaenA smøwg enAemIlmatuRKamenaHedayEPñk ¬ rbs;xøÜn ¦ eKrIkrayedaykar emIlenaH . l . tfaKteBalfa eKrEmgminrYcputcakTukç)aneLIy . 4 - { mñalRBahµN_ esckþIdéTenAmaneTot smN³kþIRBahµN_kþI buKÁlNamYykñúgelakenHkþI ebþCJa ¬ xøÜnfa ¦ CaRBhµcarIBit ² )aneday karRbkbkiriyaEdlbuKÁlenABIrnak; ehIyKb,IenACamYymatuRKam minEmn Cazan³eT sUm,ITaMgmindl;nUvkarrIkrayfñak;fñm .l. énmatuRKam TaMg mindl;nUvkaresIccMGk . l . CamYymatuRKam TaMgmindl;nUvkaremIl matuRKam .l. Etfa sþab;sMeLgmatuRKamesIckþI niyaykþI eRcógkþI ERskyMkþI xageRkACBa¢aMg b¤ xageRkAkMEpgkþI eKrIkrayedaysMeLgenaH .l. tfaKteBalfa eKrEmgminrYcputcakTukç)aneLIy } . 5 - { mñalRBahµN_ esckþIdéTenAmaneTot smN³kþI RBahµN_kþI buKÁlNamYykñúgelakenHkþI ebþCJa ¬ xøÜnfa ¦ CaRBhµcarIBit ² )aneday karRbkbkiriyaEdlbuKÁlenArYmKñaBIrnak; ehIyKb,IenACamYymatuRKam minEmnCazan³eT sUm,IminrIkraykñúgkarfñak;fñm . l . rbs;matuRKam sUm,IminesIccMGkelg . l . CamYymatuRKam sUm,Imindl;nUvkarRkeLk emIlmatuRKam . l . sUm,Imindl;nUvkarsþab;sMeLgrbs;matuRKameRcóg kþI . l . EtenAtamnwkdl;karFøab;esIc karniyayelgCamYymatuRKam kñúgkalmun eKrIkraykñúgerOgcas;enaH . l . tfaKteBalfa eKrEmg


277 vísuT§imKÁ PaBesAhµgénsIl

minrYcputcakTukç)aneLIy } . 6 - { mñalRBahµN_ esckþIdéTenAmaneTot smN³kþI RBahµN_kþI buKÁlNamYykñúgelakenHkþI ebþCJa ¬ xøÜnfa ¦ CaRBhµcarIBit ² )aneday karRbkbkiriyaEdlbuKÁlenArYmKñaBIrnak; ehIyKb,IenACamYymatuRKam minEmnCazan³eT . l . sUm,Imintamnwkdl;karEdlFøab;esIc nig kar niyayelgCamYymatuRKamkñúgkalmun EteKeXIjKhbtI butþrbs; KhbtIEdlCaGñkbribUN’edaykamKuN 5 beRmIxøÜnCanic© eKrIkraykñúg karbeRmIrbs;KhbtI b¤butþrbs;KhbtIenaH . l . tfaKteBalfa eK rEmgminrYcputcakTukç)aneLIy } . 7 - { mñalRBahµN_ esckþIdéTenAmaneTot smN³kþI RBahµN_kþI buKÁlNamYykñúgelakenHkþI EdlebþCJa ¬ xøÜnfa ¦ CaRBhµcarIBit ² )an edaykarRbkbkiriyaEdlbuKÁlenArYmKñaBIrnak;; ehIyKb,IenACamYymatu RKamminEmnCazan³eT sUm,ImineXIjKhbtI b¤ butþrbs;KhbtI . l . beRmIxøÜn . l . Etfa RbRBwtþRBhµcriy³R)afñaeTvnikayNamYy eday sgÇwmfa eyIgnwg)anCam©as;eTB b¤CaeTBGgÁNamYyedaysIlenHeday tb³enH b¤ edayRBhµcriy³enH eKrIkraysb,aycitþ dl;nUvkarsb,ay citþedayPaBCaeTvtaenaH mñalRBahµN_ sUm,IedaykarrIkraykñúgPaBCa eTvtaenaH KW Cakardac;sIlk¾)an FøúHk¾)an BBalk¾)an BRBúsk¾)an én RBhµcriy³ } dUecñH . PaBénsIlEdlCasIldac;CaedIm Kb,IRCabfa elakse®gÁaHeday karEbkFøay ¬ énsikçabT ¦ EdlmanlaPCaedIm Caehtu 1 edayemfun 

GgÁútþrnikay stþkni)at .


278 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

sMeyaK 7 Rbkar 1 dUceBalmkenHÉg .

PaBpUrpg;énsIl

cMENksIl EdlCasIlmindac;CaedIm elakse®gÁaHedaykarmin EbkFøayénsikçabTTaMgLayedayRbkarTaMgBYgRbkar 1 edaykarsEmþg nUvsikçabTTaMgLayEdlKb,IsEmþg cMeBaHsikçabT Edl)anEbkFøay ehIy edayRbkar 1 edaykarminmanemfunsMeyaK 7 Rbkar 1 eday esckþIl¥déTeTot KW edaykarminekIteLIgnUv)abFm’TaMgLay dUcCa

ekaF ]bnah mkç blas \sSa mcäriy mya saefyü fmÖ sarmÖ man Gtiman mT bmaT CaedImRbkar 1 / edaykarekIteLIgnUvKuN TaMgLayman Gb,icäta snþúdæita nig seløxtaCaedImRbkar 1 . BitehIy sIlTaMgLayNaminEbkFøayeRBaHlaPCaedImkþI sUm,IEbk FøayedayeTas KW esckþIRbmaT EtsEmþgehIykþI EdlemfunsMeyaK b¤ )abFm’man ekaF nig ]bnah CaedIm mincUlmkTmøayecjkþI sIl TaMgLayenaH elakehAfa xNÐ ¬ mindac; ¦ / mcäiTÞ ¬ minFøúH ¦ / GsBl ¬ minBBal ¦ / Gkmµas ¬minBRBús ¦ edayRbkarTaMgBYg nig sIlTaMgLayenaHÉg eQµaHfa PuCísS eRBaHeFVIPaBCaÉkraCü / eQµaHfa víBaØúbsStß eRBaHPaB CasIlEdlvíBaØÚCnsresIr / eQµaHfa Gbramdæ eRBaHCasIl EdltNðaminsÞabGEg¥l nigCa smaFisMvtþnik eRBaHjúaMg ]bcarsmaFi nig Gb,nasmaFi[RbRBwtþeTAedaygay ² eRBaHehtuenaH PaBCasIlmindac;CaedImenH Kb,IRCabfa CakarpUrpg;énsIlTaMgLay enaH ÉkarpUrpg;enH enaH rEmgseRmcedayGakar 2 KW edaykareXIj


279 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

eTasénsIlvíbtþi 1 edaykareXIjGanisgSénsIlsm,tþi 1 .

eTasénsIlvibtþi kñúgGakar 2 y:agenaH eTasénsIlvíbtþi Kb,IeXIjtamn½yénRBH sURtEdlmanBaküepþÍmfa { mñalPikçúTaMgLayeTasénsIlvíbtþirbs;Pikçú GñkRTúsþsIlman 5 y:ag } enHmü:ag/ mü:ageTot buKÁlGñkRTúsþsIl eRBaH karRTúsþsIlCaedImehtu rEmgminCaTIeBjcitþrbs;eTvta nig mnusS TaMgLay CaGñkEdlmitþRBhµcarITaMgLayminKb,IeBalbeRgón RtÚvlM)ak citþ eRBaHkartiHedolnUvkarRTúsþsIl ¬ rbs;xøÜn ¦ RtÚvekþAcitþeRBaHkar eBalsresIr ¬ GñkdéT ¦ EdlmansIlTaMgLay eRBaHPaBCaGñkRTúsþsIl enaH eKEtgEtCaGñkmanBN_sm,úresAhµg mü:ageTot cat;faCaGñkman smösSeRKatRKat eRBaHnaMG)ayTukçmk[dl;mnusSTaMgLayEdlykKMrU tameKGs;kalyUr KW CaGñkmanraK³Bal;RtÚv eRBaHEdlxøÜn)anTTYl eTyüFm’rbs;eKmkeFVI[TaykTaMgLayminmanpleRcIn dUcCasMBt; sMbkéFµCasMBt;Edlmansm,úrGn;smösSeRKatRKat ehIyraK³Bal;RtÚv dUecñH CabuKÁlCRmH ¬ [brisuT§ ¦ )anedaylM)ak dUcreNþAlamkEdl RbLak;mkCayUr ¬ lM)aknwgelog[)ans¥at ¦ dUecñaH . CaGñkXøatcak RbeyaCn_TaMgBIr dUcCakMNat;eQIdutsaksB ¬ EdleqHTaMgsgxag Rtg;kNþal Carbs;lamk rkRbeyaCn_min)anTaMgkñúgéRB TaMgkñúgRsúk ¦ dUecñaH sUm,IRbkasPaBCaPikçú k¾minEmnCaPikçú dUcstVlaedIrtamhVÚgeKa ¬ sUm,IERskdUceKak¾minEmnCaeKa ¦ dUecñH CaGñk)armÖCanic© dUcbuKÁlman eBorCamYybuKÁlTUeTA CabuKÁlminKYrenArYmKña dUcsaksB sUm,IRbkb edayKuNmansut³CaedIm k¾minKYrdl;karbUCarbs;mitþRBhµcarITaMgLay


280 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

dUcePøIgkñúgéRBexµac minKYrdl;karbUCarbs;BYkRBahµN_ CabuKÁlGP½BVkñúg karseRmcnUvKuNviess dUcbuKÁlEPñkxVak;GP½BVkñúgkareXIjrUb CaGñkKµan esckþIsgÇwmkñúgRBHsT§mµ dUcekµgcNÐalKµansgÇwmkñúgraCsm,tþi sUm,I smÁal;faxøÜnmansux k¾eQµaHfa CamnusSmanTukçEdr eRBaHPaBCaGñkman cMENkénTukç EdlRTg;Rtas;TukkñúgGKiÁkçn§briyay . BitehIy RBHmanRBHPaKCam©as; RTg;eXIjkmµ nig ví)akc,as;las; edayGakarTaMgBYg kalRTg;sEmþgnUvTukçEdlekþAeralral mankarrIkray kñúgsux dUc)aneBalehIyCabc©½y edayehtuRtwmEtnwkdl; GacjúaMg PaBekþAeqHeralhb£T½y[ekIteLIg ehIyjúaMgkarEk¥elahitekþA ² [ RbRBwtþeTAdl;buKÁlRTúsþsIlTaMgLay CaGñkmancitþeRtkRtGaleday teRmksuxkñúgkarbriePaKbBa©kamKuN nigkñúgsamIcikmµ ¬EdlGñkdéTeFVI ¦ mankarfVaybgÁM karsEmþgnUvkarrab;GanCaedIm eTIbRTg;Rtas; ¬ GKÁikçn§briyaysURt ¦ fa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLayeXIjb¤eT nUvKMnr ePøIgFMEdleqHecjCaGNþatsen§asen§AeLIgenATIenaH } PikçúTaMgLay RkabTUlfa { RBHkruNaRBHGgÁ eXIj } RTg;Rtas;fa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaysmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc buKÁlKb,IcUleTAGgÁúy»b b¤ cUl eTAedk»bnUvKMnrePøIgFMenaH EdleqHCaGNþatsen§asen§AenATIenaHkþI nig buKÁlcUleTAGgÁúybe)asGEg¥l b¤cUleTAedkGEg¥lnUvnagkS½RtIy_ nagRBahµNI b¤ nagKhbtI Edlman)atéd )ateCÍgTn;dUcsMLIkþI TaMg BIrenHmYyNaRbesIrCag } PikçúTaMgLayRkabTUlfa { bBiRtRBHGgÁd¾ ceRmIn esckþIenaH buKÁlKb,IcUleTAGgÁúyGEg¥l b¤edkGEg¥lnagkS½RtIy_ nagRBahµNI nig nagKhbtI enaHRbesIrCag kalEdlbuKÁlcUleTA GgÁúy»bePøIg edk»bePøIg . l . enaHCa TukçRBHGgÁ } RBHmanRBHPaK


281 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

Rtas;fa { mñalPikçúTaMgLay tfaKtnwgR)ab;GñkTaMgLay[)andwg buKÁl Kb,IcUleTAGgÁúy»b b¤ edk»bKMnrePøIg . l . enaHRbesIrCag sRmab; PikçúRTúsþsIl manFm’lamk mansmacarmins¥at kalnwkdl;edaykar regáós mankarlak;)aMg minEmnsmN³EtebþCJaxøÜnfaCasmN³ minEmn RBhµcarIEtebþCJafaCaRBhµcarI CabuKÁls¥úykñúg TTwkeCak¬edaykiels¦ esckþIenaHeRBaHehtuGVI mñalPikçúTaMgLay eRBaHPikçúenaH Kb,Isøab; b¤ Tukç esÞIrEtsøab; eRBaHehtuEdleKcUleTAGgÁúy»b b¤ cUleTAedk»bKMnrePøIg FMenaH ¬ k¾Bit ¦ EteRBaHkayEbkFøayeTA nwgKb,Idl;G)ay TuKÁti víni)at nrk eRBaHehtuenaHCabc©½yk¾eT / mñalPikçúTaMgLay cMENkPikçúEdlCa GñkRTúsþsIl manFm’lamk mansmacarmins¥at kalnwkdl;edaykar regáós mankarlak;)aMg minEmnsmN³ EtebþCJafaCasmN³ minEmn RBhµcarI EtebþCJafa CaRBhµcarI CabuKÁls¥úykñúg TTwkeCak ¬ eday kiels ¦ enaH cUleTAGgÁúyGEg¥l edkGEg¥l nagkS½RtIy_ .l. mñalPikçú TaMgLayesckþIenaHRbRBwtþeTAminedIm,ICaRbeyaCn_ edIm,IesckþITukçdl;eK Gs;kalyUrGEgVg eRBaHkayEbkFøayeTA eKrEmgcUldl; G)ay TuKÁti víni)at nrk } dUecñH . RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg;sEmþgnUvTukç mankarbriePaKkamKuN 5 EdlTak;Tgeday®sþICabc©½y Edl]bmaedayKMnrePøIg y:agenHehIy eTIbRTg;sEmþgnUvTukçEdlmankarGPivaT kareFVIGBa¢lI karbriePaKcIvr biNÐ)at ERK taMg nig víharCabc©½y Edl]bmaedayExSevjedayeram knÞúystV lMEBgd¾mut bnÞHEdk dMuEdk ERKEdk b¤ ekAGIEdk nig qñaMgEdk TaMgLayenH edayTMngdUcKñaenHfa ³ mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaynwgsmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc kal


282 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

EdlbursmankmøaMg ykExSEdlevjedayknÞúystVy:agtwg cgsµgeCÍg TaMgBIr ehIyGUsk®nþak;eTAmk ExSenaHk¾kat;sm,úrEs,k kalkat;sm,úr Es,kehIyk¾kat;nUvEs,k kalkat;Es,k ehIyk¾kat;nUvsac; kalkat; sac;ehIyk¾kat;nUvsrés kalkat;srésehIyk¾kat;nUvq¥wg kalkat;q¥wg ehIyk¾TmøayRkeBjrMGilkñúgq¥wg ¬ CamYy ¦ nwgkarEdlPikçúRTúsþsIl rIkraykñúgkarGPivaT rbs;kSRtiymhasal RBahµNmhasal b¤ KhbtImhasal NamYyRbesIrCag . l . mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaynwgsmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc kal bursmankmøaMgRbharcMkNþaledImRTÚgedaylMEBgd¾mut EdlsMelog edayeRbg ¬ CamYy ¦ nwgPikçúRTúsþsIl EdleRtkGrkñúgkareFVIGBa¢lIrbs; kSRtiymhasal RBahµNmhasal KhbtImhasal mYyNaRbesIr Cag . l . mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaysmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc karEdl bursmankmøaMgykbnÞHEdkEdldutRkhmeq¥AmkrMukay ¬ CamYy ¦ nwgPikçú RTúsþsIl Kb,IeRbIR)as;cIvrEdleKfVayedaysT§arbs;kSRtiymhasal .l. NamYyRbesIrCag ? >>>. mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaysmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc kal EdlbursmankmøaMg ykdgáab;EdkEdlRkhmeq¥A Kas;mat;RckdMuEdk EdldutekþAcUleTAkñúgmat; dMuelah³ekþAenaH eqHTaMgbbUrmat; eqHmat; eqHGNþat eqHbMBg;k eqaHeBaH naMykTaMgsrésFM TaMgsréstUcecj eTAtamTVareRkam ¬ CamYy ¦ nwgPikçúEdlRTúsþsIlbriePaKbiNÐ)atEdleK fVayedaysT§arbs;kSRtiymhasal . l . mYyNaRbesIrCag ?>>> mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaysmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc karEdl


283 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

bursmankmøaMgcab;sIs³kþI cab;kkþI ¬ sgát; ¦ [GgÁúycuHkþI [edkcuHkþI enA elIekAGIEdk b¤ ERKEdkEdlekþARkhmeq¥A ¬ CamYy ¦ nwgPikçúRTúsþsIleRbI R)as;ERK b¤ ekAGIEdleKfVayedaysT§arbs;kSRtiymhasal .l. mYy NaRbesIrCag>>>? mñalPikçúTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaysmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc kal EdlbursmankmøaMgcab;eCÍgeLIgelIsMyugk,alcuH ehIydak;cuHeTAkñúg qñaMgelah³EdlkMBugBuHekþAecjCaGNþatePøøIg eKRtÚves¶arBuHvk;vI Føak;cuH eRkam GENþteLIgelI CYnkalGENþteTATaMgTTwg enAkñúgqñaMgelah³ enaH ¬ CamYy ¦ nwgPikçúRTúsþsIl eRbIR)as;víharEdleKfVayedaysT§a rbs;kSRtiymhasal .l. mYyNaRbesIrCag .l. eKrEmgcUldl; .l. } dUecñH eRBaHdUecñaH bNÐitKb,IRCabkareXIjeTas eRBaHsIlvíbtþi edaykarBicarNakñúgn½yCaGaTiy:agenHfa ³ { esckþIsux rbs;buKÁlGñkmansIlTmøayehIy minlHkamsuxEdl manplCaTukç ekþACagTukçeRBaH»bKMnrePøIg nwgmanmkBINa }>>>. suxkñúgkarrIkray edaykarfVaybgÁM nwgmandl;buKÁlmansIlvíbtþiCa GñkEdlRtÚvTTYlTukçd¾éRkElg CagTukçEdlekItBIkarrUsedayExSknÞúystV d¾s¥iteTAeTot >>>. suxkñúgkarrIkray cMeBaHkarpÁgGBa¢lIkmµ rbs;buKÁlGñkmansT§a TaMgLayEdlCaehtuénTukç EdlmanRbmaNéRkElgCagTukçEdlekItBI karRbharedaylMEBg nwgmandl;buKÁlGñkminmansIl dUcemþc)an>>>. esckþIsuxkñúgkareRbIR)as;cIvrrbs;buKÁl ¬ RTúsþsIl ¦ GñkminsRgÜm nwgRtÚvesaysmösSénbnÞHEdkdutekþAkñúgnrk Gs;kald¾yUr nwgman dUcemþc)an >>>.


284 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

biNÐ)at sUm,Imanrsq¶aj; k¾eRbóbdUcCafñaMBisd¾xøaMgkøasRmab;buKÁl minmansIlnwgRtÚvTMBadMuEdkd¾ekþA Gs;raRtId¾yUr>>>. kareRbIR)as;ERKnigekAGI sUm,IeKsnµtKñafa Casux Etk¾CaTukçsRmab; GñkminmansIlEdlRtÚvTTYlnUvTukçEdl¬ekItBIkareRbIR)as;¦ ERK nig ekAGI EdkEdlekþAebotebonGs;kalCanic© . karrIkraykñúgkarsñak;GaRs½ykñúgvíharEdleKfVayedaysT§a nwgman dl;buKÁlRTúsþsIl CaGñkEdlRtÚvFøak;eTAkNþalqñaMgelah³d¾ekþA )an dUcemþceTA ?>>>. RBHmanRBHPaK CaRKÚrbs;elak kalRTg;tiHedolnUvbuKÁlRTúsþsIl )anRtas;fa { buKÁlmansmacarEdlKYrrlwkdl; edaykarregáósfa Ca buKÁlresmrsam ¬ edaysMramKWkiels ¦ CabuKÁleCakCaM ¬ edayTwk KW kiels ¦ CabuKÁllamk nig CabuKÁls¥úykñúg } dUecñH KYrtiHedolCÍvít rbs;buKÁlRTúsþsIlenaH CabuKÁlminmanbBaØa RTRTg;ePTCasmN³ Et minEmnCasmN³ Kas;rMelIgb£sKl;rbs;xøÜn sb,úrsTaMgLayEdlCa GñkmansIlkñúgelakenH rEmgeKcecjBIbuKÁlRTúsþsIlNa eRbóbdUcCa GñkRsLaj;PaBs¥atTaMgLayeKcecjBIlamk eKcecjBIsaksB CÍvít rbs;buKÁlRTúsþsIlenaH ¬ nwgmanRbeyaCn_GVI ¦ . buKÁlRTúsþsIlenaH nwgCaGñkminrYcputcakP½yTaMgBYg EtCaGñkput cakGFiKmsux ¬ suxEdlekItBImKÁpl ¦ TaMgGs; eKbiTTVarsYK’y:agCít eLIgkan;pøÚvG)ayeTA>>>. buKÁlNaeTA nwgCavtßúénsgSarrbs;CnGñkR)afñasgSar[esµIeday buKÁlRTúsþsIlenH eTasénkarRTúsþsIlmaneRcIndUceBalmkenHÉg } . ÉkareXIjGanisgSénsIlsm,tþi Kb,IRCabedayn½ypÞúyKña BIRbkar


285 vísuT§imKÁ PaBpUrpg;énsIl

dUc)aneBalehIyenaHcuH . n½ymü:ageTot sIlrbs;PikçúNaGs;mnÞill¥ Par³RTRTg;)aRtnigcIvr rbs;PikçúenaH rEmgKYrCaTIRCHføa bBVC¢arbs;elak k¾manpl hTy³rbs;PikçúGñkmansIlbrisuT§ rEmgminFøak;cuHkan;P½y man kartiHedolxøÜnÉgCaedIm dUcRBHGaTitümincuHkan;PaBggwtdUecñaH . Pikçú kals¥atkñúgte)av½n rEmgs¥atedayPaBdl;RBménsIl dUcRBHc½nÞkal s¥atkñúgépÞemXrEmgs¥atedayPaBdl;RBménrsµIdUecñaH / sUm,Ikøinkay rbs;PikçúGñkmansIl rEmgjúaMgPaBsb,ayrIkraydl;eTvtaTaMgLaycaM )ac;eBalfVÍdl;køinsIl køinénsIlrEmgRKbsm,tþiénKn§CatiTaMgLay pSayeTAkan;TisTaMg 10 minmaneTIsTak; / skáar³bnþicbnþÜcEdlTayk eFVIehIycMeBaHGñkmansIl rEmgnaM[manpleRcIn eRBaHdUecñaH Gñkman sIl eTIbdUcCaPaCn³ ¬ sRmab;TTYl ¦ eRKÓgbUCa nig skáar³ >>>. sm,tþiNakñúgmnusS nig sm,tþiNakñúgeTvelak sm,tþiTaMgBIrenaH kalGñkmansIldl;RBmR)afñaehIy minEmnCavtßúEdl)anedaylM)ak eLIy mü:ageTot citþrbs;GñkmansIldl;RBm rEmgsÞúHeTAkan;RBHniBVan sm,tþiEdlCasm,tþid¾s¶b;CaTIbMput . bNÐitKb,IsEmþgGanisgSEdlmanGakarepSg ² CaeRcInkñúgsIlEdl CamUlénsm,tþiTaMgBYgedayRbkardUecñHÉg . eRBaHkalsEmþgehIy y:agenH citþKMnitrEmgP½y eKcBIsIlvíbtþiehIybeg¥aneTAkan;sIlsm,tþi eRBaHdUecñaH PikçúeXIjeTasénsIlvíbtþienH nig GanisgSénsIlsm,tþienH dUceBalehIy Kb,IjúaMgsIl[pUrpg; edaykarykcitþTukdak;RKb;Rbkar cuH . k¾ÉsIlkñúgvísuT§imKÁEdlRTg;sEmþgeday sIl smaFi bBaØa Edl)an sEmþgehIyedayRBHKafa ¬ )aTedIm ¦ enHfa sIel btidæay nera


286 mhadÍka PaBpUrpg;nigesahµgénsIl

sbeBaØa Rtwmb:ueNÑHcuH CalMdab;dMbUg .

mhadÍka BN’naPaBesAhµg nig PaBpUrpg;énsIl eQµaHfa sgáiels eRBaHGtßfa Caehtu[esAhµg . GVIeTACaehtu[esAhµgenaH elakGacarüeBalfa { Pav³EdlsIldac; CaedIm KWCaehtu[esAhµgrbs;sIl } dUecñH . eQµaHfa evaTan eRBaHGtßfa Caehtu[pUrpg; KW brisuT§ )andl; Pav³ EdlsIlmindac;CaedIm . bTfa laPysaTi ¬ EdlmanlaP nig ys CaedIm ¦ eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ ERbfa CaedIm ¦ mankarse®gÁaHykjati Gvyv³ CÍvít CaedIm . Baküfa kñúgbNþaGabtþiTaMg 7 kg sikçabTrbs; PikçúrUbNaEdlTmøayehIykñúgxagedImkþI kñúgTIbMputkþI Rtg;kNþalkþI enH elakeBalTukedayGMNacRBH)alI EdlCa]eTÞsxagedIménGabtþi TaMgLayenaH eRBaHfa minmanGVIdéTBIlMdab;énkgGabtþiTaMgLay . Baküfa dac; )andl; sIlEdlmankardac; b¤ Edldac;ehIy . sUm,IkñúgBaküfa FøúH k¾kñúgn½yenHdUcKña . Baküfa dUcCasMBt;sadk Edldac;Cay dUecñaH KW dUcCasMBt;Edldac;Cay b¤ dac;cugCayén sMBt;dUecñaH . Baküfa edayRbkardUecñH KW edayGakarEdlkMBugeBaldl;kñúg eBl\LÚvenH . Baküfa edayGMNacemfunsMeyaK mann½yfa eQµaH fa emfun eRBaHGtßfa vtßúenHCarbs;mnusSBIrnak; eRBaHkardl;nUvPaB


287 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

RsedogKña eRBaHkarecameraménraK³ )andl; karrYmdMeNk . karRbkbrYmKñaedayGMNacénemfun eQµaHfa emfunsMeyaK EtkñúgTI enHRbRBwtþdUcemfunsMeyaK eTIbeQµaHfa emfunsMeyaK )andl; eday GMNacemfunsMeyaKenaH . bTfa \F ERbfa kñúgelakenH . bTfa Ékec©a )andl; buKÁlxøH . Baküfa smN³kþI RBahµN_kþI KW GñkCa smN³ eRBaHfa )anbYskþI GñkCaRBahµN_edayCati ¬kMeNIt¦ kþI . Baküfa nUvkarRbsBVrYmKñaBIr² KW vtßúEdlbuKÁlBIr ² nak; Kb,Idl;rYm Kña mann½yfa )andl; emfun . P¢ab;esckþIfa nehv exa smabC¢ti . eQµaHfa ]cäaTnM )andl; karxat;BN’ . eQµaHfa sm<ahnM )andl; karKk;Rc)ac; . bTfa saTiyti )andl; RBmTTYl . Baküfa rIkray edaykareFVIenaH KW sb,aykñúgkarxat;BN’CaedIm . bTfa nikaemti ¬ R)afña ¦ )andl; \cäti ¬ RtÚvkar ¦ . Baküfa esckþIeRtkGr )andl; karrIkray . kñúgBaküfa sUm,IxenHÉg enHRTg;Rtas;rYmykkarRBm TTYlCaedIm ¬ RBmTTYl rIkray R)afña dl;nUvPaBeRtkGr ¦ tamEdlRTg; )anRtas;fa xenH[ekItdUcKña edayTak;TgCamYynwgkardac;CaedIm . bi s½BÞ ¬ ERbfa sUm,I ¦ manGtßfa rYbrYm Rbkan;ykBaküEdlkMBug eBaldl; . exa s½BÞ ¬ ERbfa É ¦ manGtßfa bBa¢ak;esckþI . xenHman kareBalGFib,ayTukfa kalsmN³ b¤ RBahµN_CaGñkRbkasfa Ca RBhµcarI minmankarRbsBVrYmKñaBIr ² karRBmTTYlCaedImnUvmatuRKam[ xat;Es,k[ gUtTwk[ Kk;Rc)ac;[ y:agNa esckþIenH cat;Cakardac;k¾ )an FøúHk¾)an BRBúsk¾)an BBalk¾)an eRBaHCakareFVI[RBhµcriy³enaH dl;nUvkardac;CaedIm y:agBitR)adkdUecñHÉg . k¾RBHmanRBHPaKkalRTg;


288 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

sEmþgfa eRBaHkardl;nUvkardac;CaedImy:agenH smN³ b¤ RBahµN_ enaH eQµaHfa rEmgRbRBwtþRBhµcarüminbrisuT§ / minbrisuT§ CaGñkRbkb edayemfunsMeyaK minEmnminRbkbenaHeT . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeKrYc putcakTukçmanCatiCaedImmin)an dUecñH eTIbRTg;Rtas;fa { GyM vuc©ti } ¬ GñkenHehAfa ¦ dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa esIcelg KW esIcmansMeLgxøaMgedayGMNackiels . Baküfa elg KW elgedayTak;TgkarsñiT§sñalKñaedaykay . Baküfa esIckMEbøg KW esIcelgCamYymatuRKamRKb;y:ag . Baküfa eRbIEPñk KW eRbIEPñkrbs;xøÜn . Baküfa ¬ smøwgTl; ¦ EPñk KW smøwgTl;EPñkrbs;matuRKam . Baküfa smøwg KW cUleTAsmøwg KW emIl . Baküfa xageRkACBa¢aMg KW EpñkmçageToténCBa¢aMg . eQµaHfa Epñk xageRkAkMEpg KW edayn½ydUcKñaenaH . GacarüeRcInnak;eBalfa CBa¢aMg EdleFIVedaydI eQµaHfa CBa¢aMg eFVIeday\dæeQµaHfa kMEpg . n½ymü:ageTot GsS eyaK RBhµcaribdíBaØsS ERbfa GñkebþCJaxøÜnfa CaRBhµcarIenaH . Baküfa kñúgkalmun KW kñúgkalmunbnÞab;BIkar smaTanvtþ . Baküfa edaykamKuN KW edayGMNacénkamTaMgLay . bTfa smb,itM )andl; eBjelj KW dl;RBmedayl¥ . Baküfa RBm eRBóg KW RbkbRBm . bTfa bricariymanM ERbfa EdlelgehIy b¤ RtÚv bRmúgbeRmIehIy . bTfa bNiFay ERbfa R)afña . kñúgBaküfa edaysIl CaedIm man vínicä½yfa eQµaHfa sIl k¾edayTMnak;TMngCamYykarsmaTanymsIl nig


289 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

niymsIlCaedIm . eQµaHfa vtþ k¾eday TMnak;TMngCamYynwgkarmin Qanknøg . n½ymü:ageTot sUm,ITaMgBIry:ag k¾eQµaHfa sIl . karEdl eFVI[RbRBwtþTak;TgCamYynwgkareFVI[lM)ak eQµaHfa vtþ . mü:ageTot FmµCatiEdlmanlkçN³R)ascakkarRbRBwtþiEdlrab;fa Cakic©minsmKYr enaH ² eQµaHfa sIl . xbdibtþiviessedaykareFVIkic© KW kartubEtg [s¥at nigkarbriePaKCaedIm rbs;GñkmankarsmaTanvtþ nig sIlenaH ² eQµaHfa vtþ . karRbRBwtþiEdleFVI[lM)ak sUm,IedayRbkarTaMgBYg eQµaH fa tb / karevorcakemfun eQµaHfa RBhµcriy . Baküfa edayRbkar TaMgBYg KW edayminmansl; b¤fa TaMgGs; . Baküfa edaykarminEbk Føay KW edaykarminQanknøg . RbkbesckþI)anfa se®gÁaHedayGakar y:agdéT KW karminekIteLIgén)abFm’TaMgLay 1 karekIteLIgénKuN TaMgLay 1 . kñúg)abFm’TaMgLayenaH ekaF³ ¬ esckþIeRkaF ¦ man karGn;citþCalkçN³ . ]bnah³¬ karcgesckþIeRkaF ¦ mankarcgKMnMumaM CalkçN³ . mkç³ ¬ karrmilKuN ¦ mankarlb;KuNGñkdéTCalkçN³ . blas³ ¬ karvayb£kesµI ¦ mankarRbkan;eRbóbeFobCalkçN³ . \sSa ¬ esckþIb£süa ¦ mankarRcENnkñúgsm,tþiGñkdéTCalkçN³ . mcäriy³ ¬ esckþIkMNaj; ¦ mankarlak;sm,tþirbs;xøÜnCalkçN³ . maya ¬ kar lak;But ¦ mankarbiT)aMgeTasEdlmanCalkçN³ . saefyü³ ¬ karGYt Gag ¦ mankarelIksresIrKuNEdlminmanCalkçN³. fmÖ³¬ karrwgt¥wg ¦ mankarrwgt¥wgéncitþCalkçN³ . sarmÖ³ ¬ karRbNaMgvasna ¦ mankareFVI [x<s;eLIgCalkçN³ . GtimanH ¬ karRkeGItRkeGag ¦ mankarRbkan;


290 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

xøÜnxøaMgCalkçN³ . mT³¬ karRsvåg ¦ mankarRsvågCalkçN³ . bmaT³ ¬ esckþIRbmaT ¦ mankarbENþtbeNþaycitþCalkçN³ . eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ ERbfa CaedIm ¦ mankarse®gÁaHyk)abFm’TaMgLaymanelaP³ emah³ mnsikarEdlvíbritCaedIm . \LÚvenHelakbMNgnwgeFVIxøwmsarEdleBalTukedayBaküfa {cMENk Pav³EdlsIlmindac;CaedIm } dUecñH CaedImenaHÉg [Cak;c,as;éRkElg eLIg eTIbeBalfa yani hi dUecñH CaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH Bakü fa Edl ¬ )abFm’TaMgLay ¦ cUleTATmøaymin)an KW Edl ¬ )abFm’ TaMgLay ¦ cUleTAeFVI[Gnþraymin)an . eQµaHfa kareFVIPaBCa\sSr³ eRBaH rYcputBIPaBCaTas³rbs;tNða edayPaBCa]bnisS½yénvívdþ³ . elakGacarüeBalfa { eRBaHCasIlEdlGñkR)aCJTaMgLay)an sresIr } dUecñH eRBaHbuKÁlBalTaMgLayminsMxan; . sIl eQµaHfa smaFisMvtþnik eRBaHGtßfa mankarRbRBwtþieTARBm edIm,IsmaFiCaRbeyaCn_ b¤ RbkbkñúgkarRbRBwtþieTARBmedIm,II smaFi . sIlsm,Ta rEmgman)aneRBaHkarR)ascakeTAénFm’EdlCabdibkç dUckardl;RBménRsÚvsMNab rEmgman)an eRBaHminmanrukçCatieFVI[ GnþraydUecñaH / k¾sIlsm,TaenaH rEmgseRmc)an kalmankareXIj eTasénsIlvíbtþienaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa eday kareXIjeTasénsIlvíbtþi dUecñH . smµabdibtþi rEmgman)an eRBaHkar eXIjKuNehIyb:ueNÑaH eRBaHbuKÁlEdlmanRbRktIBicarNamun ehIy eTIbeFVI CaGñkF¶n;kñúgRbeyaCn_ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa eday kareXIjGanisgSkñúgsIlsm,tþi dUecñH .


291 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

kñúgGakarTaMgLayenaH Kb,IRCabdl;eTaskñúgsIlvíbtþi edayBakü niyaykñúgEpñkpÞúyKñaCamYyGanisgSkñúgsIlsm,Ta EdlelaksEmþgTuk kñúgeBleRkaycuH esckþIenaHKb,Idwg)any:aggay eRBaHehtuenaH elak GacarübMNgnwgsEmþgedayehtuy:agdéT mineFVI[Bisþar eTIbepþÍmBakü fa Gbic ¬ mü:ageTot ¦ CaedIm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH sIlsm,TaCa eRKÓgsagnUvkareBjcitþdl;stVTaMgLayy:agNa sIlvíbtþik¾CaeRKÓg sagnUvkarmineBjcitþdUecñaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa buKÁlGñk RTúsþsIl . l . rbs;eTvta nig mnusSTaMgLaydUecñH . eQµaHfa CaGñkEdl ¬ sRBhµcarI ¦ minKb,IeRbónRbedA KW CaGñkEdl sRBhµcarIKYrregáós . Baküfa CaTukç KW manTukçekIteLIgRBm . Baküfa mankarekþA Rkhaycitþ )andl; CaGñkmankarekþARkhayCaxageRkayerOy ² kñúg n½yfa {eyIgmin)aneFVIkmµl¥Tuk hñ+ ¡} dUecñHCaedIm . Baküfa CaGñkmansm,úrGaRkk; )andl; CaGñkevorcakvNѳ KW KuN Fm’ nig cakvNѳ KW ¬ sm,úrénkay ¦ . bTfa GsS eyaK TusSIlsS ERbfa rbs;buKÁlGñkRTúsþsIlenaH . eQµaHfa mansmösSCaTukç eRBaH Gtßfa mansmösSEdlCaTukç KW CaehtunaMmknUvesckþITukçdl;buKÁlEdl RtÚvb:HBal; . eQµaHfa CaGñkmantémøtic eRBaHGtßfa mantémøtic eRBaH minmanKuNanuPaB . Baküfa dUcreNþAlamkRbLak;mkCayUr KW dUcCaGNþÚgEdleK snSMlamk mankarRbmUlTukCaeRcInqñaM . eQµaHfa CaGñkEdlnrNa ² CRmH)anedaylM)ak KW CaGñkEdlnrNa ² minKb,IGacCRmH)an .


292 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

eQµaHfa dUcsMBt;rMusaksB KW dUc sMBt;EdlePøIgeqHeRBaHkardutsB . eQµaHfa CaGñµkXøatcakRbeyaCn_TaMg 2 KW CaGñkXøatcakRbeyaCn_ CasmN³ nig cakePaK³rbs;RKhsß . burs eQµaHfa sBVevrÍ eRBaHGtßfa maneBorcMeBaHbuKÁlTaMgBYg b¤fa manbuKÁlTaMgBYgCaGñkmaneBornwgKña / sBVevrÍ enaHÉgCa sBVevríeka . eQµaHfa GsMvasareha eRBaHGtßfa minKYrdl;nUvkarenArYmKña . Baküfa kñúgRBHsT§mµ )andl; kñúgRBHbdíbtþisT§mµ nig bdíevFsT§mµ . elakGacarübMNgsEmþgedayBisþar nUvxøwmsarEdl)aneBalTuk edaysegçbfa { eRBaHPaBCaGñkmancMENkénTukç EdlRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas;TukkñúgGKÁikçn§briyaysURt } dUecñH eTIbepþÍmBaküfa {TusSIlanBaði} dUecñHCaedIm . PikçúEdlmancitþeRtkGredaykarrIkraykñúgesckþIsuxEdl ekItBIkarbriePaKkamKuN 5 nig kñúgesckþIsuxEdlekItBIkarfVaybgÁM CaedIm EdlGñkdéTeFVIehIy eQµaHfa GñkmancitþeRtkGr . l . kñúg kamKuN 5 / )andl; PikçúTaMgLayenaH . eQµaHfa tb,c©yM eRBaH Gtßfa mankarrIkraykñúgesckþIsuxtamEdleBalehIymkenaHCabc©½y . P¢ab;esckþIfa TukçM ¬ Ca tb,c©yM TukçM ¦ . bTfa bsSf ena ERbfa GñkTaMgLayeXIjb¤eT BYkGñkeXIjxøHeT . bTfa mhnþM ERbfa FM . bTfa GKÁikçn§M ERbfa KMnrePøIg . bTfa GaTitþM ERbfa ekþA . bTfa sm,C¢litM ERbfa eqHsen§asen§AedayCMuvij bgðúyCabMENkePøIg . bTfa seCatiPUtM KW manBnøW )andl; BnøWEdlekIt eLIgCamYyKña edayGNþatePøIgEdleqHeLIgedayCuMvij . Baküfa Gñk TaMgLaysmÁal;esckþIenaHdUcemþc mann½yfa RTg;Rtas;sYredIm,I[man


293 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

karkan;yk kareXIjtamfa GñkTaMgLaynwgsmÁal;eXIjnUvesckþIEdl tfaKtkMBugeBaldl;kñúgeBl\LÚvenH enaHy:agNa ? . bTfa GaligÁitVa ERbfa »b . Baküfa Kb,IcUleTAGgÁúy KW Kb,IcUl eTAGgÁúyedaykiriya»benaH ² Ég . kñúgRBHsURtenH RBHsasþaRTg;naM mkehIynUvxøwmsar KW kar»bKMnrePøIg nig kar»bnagRkmuMtUcy:agNa RTg;bMNgeFIV[xøwmsarenaHR)akdc,as; eTIbRtas;fa tfaKtnwgR)ab; dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgbT TaMgLayenaH bTfa Gaeracyami ERbfa tfaKt nwgR)ab; . bTfa eva ERbfa dl;BYkGñk. bTfa bdíevTyami ERbfa nwg[RCab. Baküfa sRmab;PikçúEdlRTúsþsIl KW sRmab;PikçúEdlminmansIl )andl; evorcaksIl . Baküfa manFm’lamk KW mansPaBGaRkk; eRBaHPaBCaGñkman GFüaRs½yefakTab eRBaHehtuCabuKÁlRTúsþsIlenaHÉg . Baküfa mankarRbRBwtþimins¥atEdlKb,Inwkdl;edaykarsgS½y KW mankarRbRBwtþiCarbs;mins¥at EdleKnwkdl;edaykarsgS½y eRBaHman karRbRBwtþitampøÚvkayCaedIm minbrisuT§ . BitehIy buKÁlGñkRTúsþsIl rEmgCamnusSEdlGñkdéTKYrsgS½y)an Etmü:agfa { enHCavtßúEdlGñkenaH)aneFVITuk } dUecñH eRBaHeXIjkareFVI EdlminsmKYrxøHb:ueNÑH / mü:ageTot kaleXIjPikçúTaMgLaykMBugsnÞna Kñaedaykic©NamYyb:ueNÑaH k¾Kitfa { PikçúTaMgLayenaHRCabkmµEdleyIg )aneFVITuk ehIyRbwkSaKñab¤hñ+ ¡ } dUecñH eTIbeQµaHfa mankarRbRBwtþiEdl xøÜnÉgenaHÉg nwkdl;edaykarsgS½ydUecñHÉg .


294 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

Baküfa mankarbiT)aMg KW mankargarEdlKb,IbiT)aMg eRBaHCa kargarEdlRtÚvxµaseGon. bTfa GsSmNsS ERbfa minEmnsmN³ . eQµaHfa ebþCJafaCasmN³ kñúgkic©TaMgLaymankarcab;søakCaedIm edaymicäaebþCJafa { sUm,IeyIgk¾CasmN³ } dUecñH . eQµaHfa minEmn RBhµcarI k¾eRBaHminEmnCaGñkEdlRbRBwtþRbesIr . eQµaHfa ebþCJafaCa RBhµcarI kñúgkic©TaMgLay man]e)asfkmµCaedIm edaymicäaebþCJafa {sUm,IeyIgk¾CaRBhµcarI } dUecñH . eQµaHfa CabuKÁls¥úykñúg eRBaH RtÚv kmµs¥úy KW sIlvibtþitamcUleTAxagkñúg . eQµaHfa eCakCaM KW eCakCaM eRBaHkarhUrRCabénkiels manraK³CaedIm tamTVarTaMg6. eQµaHfa man Catiresmrsam eRBaHmansMram KWraK³CaedImekIteLIgRBmehIy nigRtÚv elakGñkmansIlTaMgLayKb,Ie)aHbg;ecal . Baküfa edaykar]bma CamYyKMnrePøIg mann½yfa edayman]bmaCamYynwgvtßúGn;fy . eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas;fa { karEdlKYrcUleTAGgÁúy»b.l. esckþIenHnwgRbesIrCag } dUecñH . P¢ab;esckþIfa RBHmanRBHPaK kal RTg;sEmþgnUvTukç ¬ EdlmankarbriePaKkamKuN 5 EdlTak;TgCamYy matuRKamCabc©½y ¦ ehIyk¾RTg;sEmþgnUvTukç ¬ EdlmankarfVayGPivaT CaedImCabc©½y ¦ . bTfa valrC¢úya ERbfa ExSEdleFVIedayeramknÞúystV . ExSenaH eRKatRKatrwgéRkElg . Baküfa Kb,Ixat;Es,k KW Kb,Ixat;edayGMNac karrUs . bTfa etleFatay ERbfa labedayeRbg . bTfa bec©arsµw KW bdí]rsµw ERbfa cMedImRTÚg GFib,ayfa cMRtg;kNþalRTÚg . bTfa Geyasgáúna )andl; dgáab; . bTfa epNueTÞhkM ¬ BuHeLIgekþAeqøqøa ¦


295 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

KWeFVI[puleLIgekþAeqøqøa mann½yfa eFVI[pulEdlmanGakarepSg ² eRcIn [taMgeLIg . TukçEdlCarbs;ekþA eRBaHPaBCaTukçmanRbmaNéRkElgCagTukçkñúgkar GgÁúy»bKMnrePøIg Caplrbs;kamsuxenH eRBaHehtuenaH kamsuxenH eTIbeQµaHfa manplCaTukçekþAéRkElgCagTukç kñúgkarGgÁúy»bKMnrePøIg GFib,ayfa suxrbs;GñkTmøaynUvsIlehIy KW GñkRTúsþsIl GñkminlHnUv kamsux nwgman)anmkBINa rEmgminmandl;eKeLIy . bTfa saTen )andl; saTiyen ¬eRBaHkarrIkray ¦ . bTfa yM KW esckþIrIkraykñúgkar eFVIGBa¢lIkmµ . Baküfa sRmab;buKÁlminmansIl KW sRmab;buKÁl RTúsþsIl . Baküfa RtÚvkm©at; KW RtÚvesckþIvínasénsIlRbTUsr:ay . Baküfa RtÚvCÍk KW RtÚvCÍkedaykarCÍkykmUlénkuslFm’TaMgLay / mü:ageTot manGFib,ayfa manKuNkñúgxøÜnRtÚvCÍkrMelIgehIy . bTfa cakP½yTaMgBYg KWcakP½yTaMgBYg manP½y KWkartiHedolxøÜnÉgCaedIm . eQµaHfa caksuxkñúg GFiKmTaMgBYg KWcab;taMgBI]bcarQaneLIgeTA . Baküfa edayGakarpÞúyKñacMeBaHGakarEdleBalmk )andl; edayGakarCacMENkpÞúyKña cMeBaHGakarEdleBalTukkñúgsIlvíbtþi KW edayBaküfa { CaGñkEdlCaTIRsLaj;rbs;eTvta nig mnusSTaMgLay } dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgBaküfa sUm,Ikøinkayrbs;PikçúGñkmansI mansIlk¾eFVInUv )aemaC¢dl;eTvtaTaMgLay)an dUecñH Kb,IGFib,ayKafa Edlfa Ken§a \sInM cirTkçitanM dUecñH CaedIm[BisþarcuH . esckþIeBjrbs;KafaEdl elIkmkmanBaküERbfa { køinrbs;BYk\sITaMgLay GñkmanvtþEdl smaTanmkGs;kalCayUr XøatputcakkayehIy rEmgpSayeTAtam


296 mhadÍka PaBesAhµgnigpUrpg;énsIl

xül; bBiRtelakd¾ceRmIn ´m©as;RtÚvkarnUvkøinenaH EdldUcCaPYgpáaeQI RkGUbelIsIs³ eRBaHfa kñúgkøinenH BYkeTvtaTaMgLayminsmÁal;faCa bdikUleLIy } dUecñH . bTfa GvíXatI ERbfa KµankarRbhar . karekþARkhay mankarsmøab; karXMuXaMgCaedIm eQµaHfa Gasv³Edlmankñúgbc©úb,nñ )andl; Gnþray TaMgLay . eQµaHfa mUlénTukçTaMgLayEdlmankñúgPBxagmux )an dl; PaBCabuKÁlRTúsþsIl . manTIbMputEdlknøg)anehIy eQµaHfa Gc©nþ ¬ dl;TIbMput ¦ . eQµaHfa snþa ¬ s¶b; ¦ KW s¶b;RKb;eBl eRBaHmin manPaBxVl;xVay KW kielsbriLah ¬ PaBekþAeralral KW kiels ¦ . Baküfa P½yxøac KW jab;j½redaykarjab;j½r KW jaN . Baküfa Kb,IjúaMgsIl[pUrpg; KW Kb,IeFVI[brisuT§ . ¬ cb; brmtßmBa¢Úsa sMvNÑna vísuT§imKÁ ¦ briecäTTI 1 sIlnieTÞs kñúgbkrN_víess eQµaH vísuT§imKÁ Edl´m©as;eFVIedIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;)aemaC¢énsaFuCn dUecñHÉg

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297 vísuT§imKÁ FutgÁnieTÞs

FutgÁnieTÞs

eRBaHehtuEdlRBHeyaKIGñk)ansmaTannUvsIlehIy KYreFVIkarsmaTanFutgÁ ¬ teTA ¦ kaleFVIy:agenaH sIlrbs;elakRtÚv)anlagmnÞil ehIyedayTwk KW KuN manesckþIR)afñatic nig esckþIsenþas kardus xat; PaBs¶b; karminsnSM ¬ énkiels ¦ karR)arB§esckþIBüayam nig PaB CaGñkciBa©wmgayCaedÍm nwgCasIlbrisuT§l¥ ÉvtþTaMgLayrbs;elakk¾ dl;RBmpgEdr GñkmansmacarTaMgBYgbrisuT§edayKuNKW sIlnigvtþEdl rkeTasmin)andUecñHehIy nwgCaGñkeQµaHfa taMgenAkñúgGriyvgS ¬ Ca RbéBNIrbs;RBHGriy³Cam©as;TaMgLay ¦ 3 Rbkar EdlCavgScas; KYr seRmcGriyvgSRbkarKRmb; 4 eBalKW PaBCaGñkmanPavnaCaTIrIkray)an eRBaHehtuenaH eyIgnwgepþÍmFutgÁkfaenAeBl\LÚvenH edÍm,IjúaMgKuN TaMgLay mankarR)afñatic senþasCaedÍm EdlCaehtupUrpg;énsIl man RbkardUcEdl)aneBalehIy [dl;RBmteTA / EmnBit FutgÁ 13 Rbkar RBHmanRBHPaK RTg;)anGnuBaØatTuksRmab;kulbutþTaMgLay GñklHbg; elakamis³)an minGal½ykñúgrUbkay nig CÍvít R)afñanwgjúaMgGnuelamb,díbTa[seRmcEtmü:ag FutgÁ 13 KW ³ 1>bMsukUlikgÁ GgÁrbs;Pikçú GñkmankiriyaRTRTg;nUvcIvr Edldl;nUv PaBKYrex<Im CaRbRktI . 2>etcIvríkgÁ GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkmankiriyaRTRTg;nUvéRtcIvrCaRbRktI. 3>biNÐ)atikgÁ GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkmankiriyaRtac;eTAbiNÐ)atCaRbRktI. 4>sbTancarikgÁ GgÁrbs;Pikçú GñkmankiriyaRtac;eTAbiNÐ)at tam lMdab;pÞH CaRbRktI .


298 vísuT§imKÁ FutgÁnieTÞs

5>ÉkasnikgÁ

GgÁrbs;Pikçú GñkmankiriyabriePaKnUvePaCnEtkñúg Gasn³mYy CaRbRktI . 6>btþbiNÐikgÁ GgÁrbs;Pikçú GñkmankiriyabriePaKePaCnEtkñúg)aRt mYy CaRbRktI . 7>xlubcäaPtþikgÁ GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkmankiriyaminbriePaKnUvPtþ EdlxøÜn hamePaCnrYcehIy eTIb)anmk kñúgkalCaxag eRkay CaRbRktI . GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkmankiriyaenAGaRs½ykñúgéRBCaRbRktI. 8>GarBaØikgÁ 9>rukçmUlikgÁ GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkmankiriyaenAGaRs½yeTobKl;eQICa RbRktI . 10>GeBÖakasikgÁ GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkmankiriyaenAGaRs½ykñúgTIvalRsLH CaRbRktI . 11>esasanikgÁ GgÁrbs;Pikçú GñkmankiriyaenAGaRs½ykñúgéRBsµsan CaRbRktI . 12>yfasnßtikgÁ GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkmankiriyaenAEtkñúgTIesnasn³ Edl sgÇsEmþg[ CaRbRktI . 13>ensC¢íkgÁ GgÁrbs;Pikçú GñkmankiriyahamXat;nUv\riyabfedk ehIyenAeday\riyabfGgÁúy CaRbRktI . vínicä½ykñúgFutgÁenaH Kb,IRCabedayGtß edaybkiNÑkmanlkçN³ CaedÍm 1 edaykarsmaTan 1 edayvíFIRbtibtþi 1 edayRbePT 1 edaykarEbkFøay 1 edayGanisgSénFutgÁenaH ² 1 edaykusltik³ 1 edaykarEcks½BÞ manFutgÁs½BÞCaedÍm 1 edaysegçb nig edayBisþar .


299 vísuT§imKÁ FutgÁnieTÞs

vinicä½yedayGtß

kñúgbTTaMgLayenaH nwgvínicä½yedayGtßmun sMBt;NaEdldUcCaKMnr FUlIkñúgTIenaH ² edayGtßfa CaBMunUk eRBaHdak;enAelIKMnrFUlIkñúgTI TaMgLaymanRckcUl nig éRBsµsanRBmTaMgKMnrsMramCaedÍm kñúgTINa mYy eRBaHdUecñaHsMBt;enaHeTIb eQµaHfa bgSúkUl ¬ sMBt;dUcKMnrFUlI ¦ / mü:ageTot sMBt;eQµaHfa bgSúkUl eRBaHeTAkan;Pav³énsMBt;EdlbuKÁlKYr ex<Im GFib,ayfa dl;nUvPaBCasMBt;EdlKYrex<ImdUcFUlI karRTRTg;nUvsMBt; bgSúkUlEdlmanBaküGFib,ay)anehIyy:agenaH eQµaHfa bgSúkUl kar RTRTg;nUvsMBt;bgSúkUlCaRbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaHPikçúenaHeTIbeQµaH fa bgSúkUlik³ GgÁénPikçúbgSúkUlik³enaH elakehAfa bgSúkUlikgÁ . ehtu elakehAfa GgÁ . eRBaHdUecñaH Kb,IRCabfa Baküfa GgÁ Ca eQµaHénkarsmaTanEdlCaehtuénPaBCa bgSúkUlik³ rbs;PikçúenaH . edayn½yEtmYydUcKña ¬karRTRTg;¦éRtcIvr eBalKW sgÇadÍ ]tþrasgÁ³ Gnþrvask³ CaRbRktIénPikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eTIbeQµaHfa etcIvrík GgÁénPikçúetcIvrík³enaH eQµaHfa etcIvríkgÁ . karFøak;cuHéndMuGamis eBalKW PikçaenaHÉg eQµaHfa biNÐ)at mü:ag eTot karFøak;cuHéndMu)ayEdlCnTaMgLaydéT[ehIyenaHÉg eQµaHfa biNÐ)at manBaküGFib,ayfa karFøak;cuHkñúg)aRténdMu)ayEdlbuKÁldéT [ . PikçúNaEsVgrk KW cUleTAkan;RtkUlenaH ² EsVgrknUvbiNÐ)atenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eQµaHfa biNÐ)atik ¬ GñkEsVgrkbiNÐ)at ¦ n½ymü:ag eTot karFøak;eTAedÍm,IdMu)ayCavtþrbs;PikçúenaH eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúenaH eQµaHfa biNÐ)atI . Baküfa Føak;eTA¬ kñúgTIenH ¦ mann½yfa Rtac;eTA .


300 vísuT§imKÁ FutgÁnieTÞs

biNÐ)atI enaHÉg eQµaHfa biNÐ)atik³ GgÁénPikçúbiNÐ)atik³enaH eQµaH fa biNÐ)atikgÁ ¬ GgÁénPikçúGñkmankarRtac;eTAbiNÐ)atCavtþ ¦ . karrMlg ehAfa Tan karR)ascakTan³ eQµaHfa GbTan GFib,ay fa minrMlg kareTANaRbRBwtþeTAeday GbTan karRbRBwtþieTAenaH eQµaHfa sbTan GFib,ayfa Rtac;eTA evorcakkarrMlg KW Rtac;eTAtam lMdab;pÞH karRtac;eTAedayR)ascakkarrMlgenH CaRbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eQµaHfa sbTancarI sbTancarIenaHÉgCasbTancarik³ GgÁénPikçúGñksbTancarik³enaH eQµaHfa sbTancarikgÁ . karqan;enAkñúgGasn³EtmYy eQµaHfa Ékasn karqan;enAkñúg Gasn³ 1 enaHÉg CaRbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eTIbeQµaH fa Ékasnik GgÁénPikçúÉkasnik³enaH eQµaHfa ÉkasnikgÁ . cMeBaHEtdMu)aykñúg)aRtb:ueNÑaH eRBaHhamePaCnTI 2 eQµaHfa btþbiNÐ ¬ karkan;ykbtþbiNгenaH k¾eQµaHfa btþbiNг ¦ \LÚvenH eFVIesckþIsmÁal;nUvbtþbiNгkñúg ¬ GtßKW ¦ karkan;ykEtdMu)ayenAkñúg)aRt CaRbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa btþbiNÐik¬Gñkmankarkan; ykEtdMu)ayCaRbRktI ¦ GgÁénPikçúbtþbiNÐik³enaH eQµaHfa btþbiNÐikgÁ . Baküfa xlu Cani)atcuHkñúgGtßbdíesFPtþEdlPikçúCaGñkham ¬ Ptþ ¦ ehIy)anmkCaxageRkay eQµaHfa bcäaPtþ karqan;bcäaPtþenaH k¾eQµaH fa bcäaPtþ eRBaHeFVIkarsmÁal;nUvbcäaPtþkñúg ¬ GtßKW ¦ karqan;bcäaPtþ enaH/ karqan;bcäaPtþCaRbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eTIbeQµaH fa bcäaPtþik ¬ Gñkmankarqan;bcäaPtþCaRbRktI ¦ PikçúminEmnCaGñkman karqan;bcäaPtþCaRbRktI eQµaHfa xlubcäaPtþik³ / Baküfa bcäaPtþenHCa


301 vísuT§imKÁ FutgÁnieTÞs

eQµaHénkarqan;GtiritþePaCnEdlhamedayGMNacénkarsmaTan ¬1 ¦ Et kñúgGdækfaeBalfa { stVbkSImü:ag eQµaHfa xlu stVenaHebHEpøeQI)an ¬mYyEpø¦ ehIy ¬écdnü¦rbUtFøak;eTA rEmgminsIuEpøeQIdéTeToteT ¬ kñúg éf¶enaH ¦ PikçúenHk¾dUecñaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa xlubcäaPtþik³ ¬ Gñkmin qan;bcäaPtþCaRbRktIdUcstVxlu ¦ GgÁénPikçúxlubcäaPtþik³enaH eQµaHfa xlubcäaPtþikgÁ . karcUleTAkñúgéRB eQµaHfa GarBaØ karcUleTAkñúgéRBenaHCaRbRktI rbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eTIbeQµaHfa GarBaØik³ ¬ GñkmankarcUl eTAkñúgéRBCaRbRktI ¦ GgÁénPikçú GarBaØik³enaH eQµaHfa GarBaØikgÁ . karcUlenARtg;Kl;eQI KW rukçmUl karcUlenARtg;Kl;eQIenaH Ca RbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eTIbeQµaHfa rukçmUlik³ GgÁén PikçúrukçmUlik³enaH eQµaHfa rukçmUlikgÁ . sUm,In½ykñúg GeBÖakasikgÁ nig esasanikgÁ k¾dUcn½yenHÉg . esnasn³EdlRkalTukehIyy:agNaenaH eQµaHfa yfasnßt . Baküfa yfasnß enH CaeQµaHénesnasn³Edlesnasnb,BaØabk³ erobcM[ CadMbUgy:agenHfa \TM tuyðM )abuNati ¬ esnasn³enHKYrdl; elak ¦ karEdlenAkñúgesnasn³ EdlRkalehIyy:agNaenaH Ca RbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaH eTIbeQµaHfa yfasnßtik GgÁén Pikçú yfasnßtik³enaH eQµaHfa yfasnßtikgÁ . karevorcakkaredkecj ¬ seRmc\riyabf ¦ enAedaykarGgÁúyCa 1

mann½yfa minEmnhamedaysikçabT EthamedaykarsmaTan .


302 vísuT§imKÁ FutgÁnieTÞs

RbRktIrbs;PikçúenaH ehtuenaH PikçúenaHeQµaHfa ensC¢ík GgÁénPikçú ensC¢ík³ enaH eQµaHfa ensC¢íkgÁ . GgÁTaMgLayenH TaMgGs; eQµaHfa FutgÁ eRBaHehtuCaGgÁénPikçú EdleQµaHfa Fut eRBaHPaBCaGñkkm©at; kiels)an edaykarsmaTanenaH ² mü:ageTot eQµaHfa FutgÁ eRBaH manjaNEdl)anevaharfa Fut eRBaHehtufa CaeRKÓgkm©at;kielsCa GgÁ . n½ymü:ageTot GgÁTaMgLayenaH eQµaHfa Fut eRBaHkm©at;Fm’Edl CasRtÚvTaMgLay)anpg CaGgÁénkarbdíbtþipg ehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa FutgÁ . kñúgbTTaMgLayenaH Kb,IRCabvínicä½yedayGtßdUceBalmk dUecñH Ca lMdab;dMbUgsin .

lkçNaTictuk³rbs;FutgÁ vínicä½yGMBIlkçN³CaedÍm FutgÁTaMgGs;enH mansmaTanectnaCalkçN³ EmnBit sUm,IBaküenH elakk¾)aneBalTukfa { GñksmaTan )andl; buKÁl Fm’CaeRKÓgsmaTan )andl; citþ nigectsik smaTanectna CatYFutgÁ rbs;Edlham KW vtßú } mü:ageTot FutgÁTaMgGs;enaH mankarkm©at;esckþIelµaPCakic© man karR)ascakkareLHeLaH CaGakarR)akd mankarR)afñaticCabTdæan . kñúgbTTaMgLayenaH Kb,IRCabvínicä½yedaybkiNÑk³ manlkçN³ CaedÍmdUecñH .


303 vísuT§imKÁ FutgÁnieTÞs

vinicä½yGMBIkarsmaTan nig víFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦CaedÍm karvínicä½ykñúg 5 bT manbTfa edaykarsmaTan nig víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ CaedÍm Kb,IRCabdUcteTA ³ FutgÁTaMgGs;enaH kalRBHmanRBHPaK RTg;manRBHCnµenAeLIy Kb,I smaTanenAkñúgsmñak;rbs;RBHd¾manRBHPaK kalRTg;briniBVaneTAehIy Kb,IsmaTanenAkñúgsmñak;RBHmhasav½k kalminmanRBHmhasav½k Kb,I smaTanenAkñúgsmñak;RBHxINaRsB>> RBHGnaKamI>> RBHskTaKamI>> RBH esatabnñ>>> PikçúRTRTg;RBHéRtbidk>>> PikçúRTRTg;vínybidk>>> PikçúGñk RTRTg;Ékbidk>>> RBHÉksgÁÍtik³¬ PikçúRTRTg;nikayNamYy ¦ RBHGdækfacarü kalminmanRBHGdækfacarü Kb,IsmaTankñúgsmñak;PikçúGñkRTRTg; FutgÁ>>> kalminmanelakGñkRTRTg;FutgÁ Kb,Ie)assm¥atlan RBHectiy ehIyGgÁúyRcehag eBalsmaTan dUcCaeBalkñúgsmñak;rbs;RBHsmµasm<úT§Cam©as;cuH sUm,IsmaTanxøÜnÉg k¾eRbI)andUcKña . ÉkñúgkarsmaTan xøÜnÉgk¾eRbI)anenH Kb,IeBal erOgesckþIR)afñatickñúgFutgÁrbs;RBHefr³ Cabg rbs;bgb¥ÚnBIrnak;kñúgectiybB’t ¬ CaniTsSn³ ¦ enHCaBaküeBal edayTUeTAmunsin .

mhadÍka BN’naFutgÁnieTÞs buKÁleQµaHfa GñkR)afñatic eRBaHGtßfa manesckþIR)afñatic )andl; GñkEdlR)ascakesckþIeRtkGrkñúgbc©½y . Pav³énbuKÁlGñkR)afñaticenaH


304 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

eQµaHfa esckþIR)afñatic manesckþIfa PaBCaGñkmanGFüaRs½yminelaP . karrIkrayesµI karrIkraytamrbs;Edlman b¤ karrIkraytamvtßúrbs; xøÜn eQµaHfa snþúdæí / snþúdæí enaHÉgCa snþúdæíta ¬ esckþIsenþas ¦ )an dl; karrIkraykñúgbc©½yTaMgLaytamEdl)an KW b:ueNÑHk¾)an minR)afña déTeTot . mü:ageTot t GkSr kñúgbTfa snþúdæítaTIhi CatYeFVIkarP¢ab;bT . mü:ageTot man)az³fa { snþúdæí GaTIhi } dUecñH . Baküfa KuNTaMgLayenaH )andl; KuNTaMgLaymankarR)afñatic CaedÍm EdlCaehtuénesckþIpUrpg;rbs;sIl . bTfa sm,aettuM ERbfa bMNgnwgeFVI[dl;RBm . BitehIy KuN TaMgLayenaHb:ueNÑaH EdlRBHeyaKI)anmkedayesckþIbrisuT§iénsIl rEmgdl;RBm k¾edayFutFm’TaMgLay . Baküfa karsmaTanFutgÁ )andl; karkan;ykedayRbéBnUvGgÁ km©at; KW ehtuEdljaMjInUvkielsTaMgLayenaHÉg . bTfa ÉvM ERbfa kalebIdUecñaH mann½yfa kalebI)ansmaTan FutgÁehIy . bTfa GsS eyaK eyaKiena ERbfa rbs;eyaKIenaH . eQµaHfa kardusxat; KW karxat; )andl; kardusxat; kareFVI[Rsal esþIgnUvkielsTaMgLayedayRbéBenaHÉg . eQµaHfa PaBs¶b; )andl; PaBCaGñkmankaytaMgenAkñúgesckþIs¶b; EdlCa])ayénkars¶b;citþ . eQµaHfa karminsnSM )andl; karbdíbtþi eFVI[kielsTaMgLayminceRmIn KW minsnSMTukkñúgsnþanrbs;buKÁlenaH . eQµaHfa karR)arB§esckþIBüayam KW PaBCaGñk)anR)arB§esckþIBüayam ehIy edayTak;TgCamYykic© mankarmineFVÍ)abTaMgBYg EdlminTan;ekIt


305 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

eLIg [ekIteLIgCaedÍm . eQµaHfa PaBCabuKÁlciBa©wmgay KWCabuKÁl Edl]bdæakTaMgLayKYrciBa©wmrkSa)anedaygay EdlseRmcBIPaBCa buKÁlR)afñaticCaedÍm tamEdleBalehIy )andl; PaBCabuKÁlEdleK ciBa©wm)any:aggayRsÜl . eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ EdlERbfa CaedÍm ¦ elakse®gÁaHykKuN TaMgLay manPaBCaGñkmankic©tic PaBCaGñkRbRBwtþRsalCaedÍmTuk . sIl tamEdlsmaTanehIyenaHÉg eQµaHfa nwg brisuT§l¥ eRBaHPaBCa GñkenAq¶ayBIFm’EdlCabdíbkç . vtþ TaMgLay KW FutFm’TaMgLay eQµaH fa nwgdl;RBm KW nwg bribUr b¤ nwgseRmcpl . esckþIsenþasedaycIvr biNÐ)at nig esnasn³ tamman tam)an Edldl;nUvPaBmaMTaM taMgenAedayPaBCaRbéBNIrbs;RBHGriy³TaMgLay manRBHBuT§Cam©as;CaedÍm taMgBIedÍm y:agNa elakGacarüeBalfa taMg maMkñúgGriyvgS 3 xagedÍm dUecñH sMedAykPav³EdltaMgmaMkñúgesckþI senþasenaH . buKÁleQµaHfa Pavnaram ¬ manPavnaCaTIrIkray ¦ eRBaHGtßfa man PavnaCaGaramCaTIKYrrIkray Pav³én Pavnaram enaH eQµaHfa Pavnaramta ¬ PaBCaGñkmanPavnaCaTIrIkray ¦ )andl; PaBCaGñkRbkbRtÚvkñúg smfPavna nig víbsSnaPavna . P¢ab;esckþI)alIfa ysµa GFiKmareha PvísSti tsµa ERbfa eRBaH ehtuCaGñkEdlKYrdl;karseRmcdUecñaH . laP nig skáar³CaedÍm eQµaHfa elakamis ¬Gamiskñúgelak¦ eRBaH RtÚvtNðasÞabGEg¥l)an nigeRBaHCarbs;Tak;Tgkñúgelak . víbsSnaPavna


306 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

eQµaHfa Gnuelamb,díbTa eRBaHGnuelamdl;karseRmcRBHniBVan . Baküfa edayGtß KW edayxøwmsarrbs;Bakü . Baküfa eday RbePT KW edaykarEck . Baküfa edaykarEbkFøay KW edaykarvínas . Baküfa s½BÞTaMgLayman Fut s½BÞ CaedÍm )andl; s½BÞfa Fut s½BÞfa FutvaT s½BÞfa FutFmµ nig s½BÞfa FutgÁ . bTfa smasBüaseta ERbfa edaysegçb nig edayBisþar . bTfa rfíka ERbfa RckcUl . bTfa sgáarkUdaTInM Ca qdæÍvíPtþi cuHkñúgGtßKW niT§arN³ . bTfa GBÖúKÁtedæn ERbfa edaykarsmÁal;fa enAxagelI . elakGacarü eFVITukkñúgcitþfa kUl s½BÞ manGtßfa smusSy ¬ EdlelIkeLIgTITYl eRtIy ekaH ¦ kñúgRbeyaKfa { nTiya kUlM } eRtIyénTenøCaedÍmdUecñH eTIbeBalfa { eQµaHfa bgSúkUl eRBaH Gtßfa dUcKMnrFUlI } dUecñH .

ku s½BÞ kñúgesckþIfa KYrex<Im / ]l s½BÞ manGtßfa dl; eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { GFib,ayfa dl;nUvPaBKYrex<Im } dUecñH / n½ymü:ageTot sMBt; eQµaHfa bgSúkUl eRBaHGtßfa eTA KW RbRBwtþeTA dl;nUvPaBKYrex<Im dUcFUlI . karRTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUl ¬ bgSúkUlFarN ¦ eQµaHfa bgSúkUl edaylubbTcug ¬ KW bTfa FarN³ FarN³ ERbfa karRTRTg; ¦ / PikçúeQµaHfa bgSúkUlik eRBaHGtßfa mankarRTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUlenaHCa RbRktI dUcBaküfa { GabUbik } ¬GñkmankarsIunMCaRbRktI¦ dUecñH . ehtu eQµaHfa GgÁ eRBaHGtßfa eTA KW dl;nUvPaBCaehtu eRBaHGagplrbs; xøÜn .


307 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

elakehAbuKÁlfa { bgSúkUlik } edayFm’Na / Fm’ eBal KW smaTanectnaenaH eQµaHfa bgSúkUlikgÁ eRBaHGtßfa CaGgÁénbuKÁl EdleQµaHfa bgSúkUlik enaH . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa {bgSúkUliksS} dUecñH CaedÍm . bTfa tsS eyaK smaTansS ERbfa énkarsmaTanenaH. ectna eQµaHfa karsmaTan eRBaHGtßfa Caehtu [kan;ykedayRbéB . Baküfa edayn½ydUcKñaenaHÉg mann½yfa karRTRTg;sMBt; bgSúkUl eQµaHfa bgSúkUl / PikçúGñkmankarRTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUlCaRbRktI enaH eQµaHfa bgSúkUlik / GgÁrbs;PikçúGñkRTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUlCaRbRktI enaH )andl; smaTanectna ehAfa bgSúkUlikgÁ y:agNa edayn½y énGtßrbs;BaküenHenaHÉg karRTRTg;cIvr 3 pÞaMg eQµaHfa ticIvr / Pikçú GñkmankarRTRTg;cIvr 3 pÞaMgenaH CaRbRktI eQµaHfa etcIvrík GgÁén Pikçú eQµaHfa etcIvrík enaH )andl; smaTanectna Kb,IRCabfa ehAfa { etcIvríkgÁ } dUecñH . kñúgcIvr 3 pÞaMgenaH mansgÇadÍCaedÍmb:ueNÑaH mansmBaØa ¬ eQµaHcMeBaH ¦ fa éRtcIvr / kñúgsMBt;rMubUs sMBt;caMvsSa CaedÍm minmansmBaØafa éRtcIvreT eRBaHehtuenaH elakGacarükalnwg sEmþgdl;éRtcIvrTaMgLayenaH tamsPav³Edlman eTIbeBalfa { eBal KW sgÇadÍ ]tþrasgÁ³ nig Gnþrvask³ } dUecñH . Baküfa biNÐ)atenaH mann½yfa PikçúeQµaHfa biNÐ)atik eRBaH Gtßfa EsVgrkbiNÐ)at eBalKW dMu)ayEdlCnTaMgLaydéTRbeKn nwg mankarFøak;cuHeTAkñúg)aRt/ dUcCaBaküfa BaTrik samakik CaedÍm dUecñaH . eQµaHfa biNÐ)atI enaHÉgCa biNÐ)atik / dUcCa PTÞ enaHÉgCa PTÞk


308 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

dUecñaH . eQµaHfa kardac;CaEpñk ² KW kardac;CacMENk ² )andl; minCakarRbRBwtþieTArkcenøaHmin)an . eQµaHfa karmindac;CaEpñk ² k¾ edaykarbdíesFn_nUvkardac;CaEpñk ² enaH KW karmindac;CacMENk ² )andl; karRbRBwtþieTAedayminrMlg . bTfa sh GbTaenn ERbfa karRbRBwtþieTACamYynwgkarmindac; cenøaH . elakGacarübMNgsEmþgnUvPav³ edaybTfa sbTanM Ca kiriyavíessn³ ¬ Bnül;kiriya ¦ nigsßanTIEdlmankarmindac;cenøaHenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { GFib,ayfa evorcakkardac;cenøaH )andl; tam lMdab;pÞH } dUecñH . Baküfa kEnøgGasn³Et 1 edaykarGgÁúyrebobEtmYyb:ueNÑaH min RtÚv\riyabfdéTxNÐ[dac;BIKña ¬ minpøas;\riyabf ¦ . kñúgBaküfa dMu)aykñúg)aRt enH kñúgTIenHbMNgykRbePTénvtßú / min EmnBaküsamBaØeT . elakGacarükalsEmþgfa Év GkSr ¬ EdlERbfa b:ueNÑaH ¦ )an sEmþgBnül;TukehIy edayCaBaküEdldkTuk eTIbeBalfa kñúg)aRtmYy b:ueNÑaHEtmü:agdUecñH . kalnwgsEmþgfa enHCaeTsnaEdleFVIkarlub bTcug eTIbelakeBalfa eRBaHs½BÞfa btþbiNÐ eRbIkñúgkarsmÁal;fa kan;yknUvdMu)aydUecñH ¬ KW btþbiNÐKhNM lubbTfa KhNM enAsl; Et btþbiNÐM ¦ . sUm,IkñúgbTdéT ² eRkABIenH k¾mann½ydUecñHÉg . Ptþ EdlPikçú)anmkbnÞab;BIkarhamPtþenaHÉg eQµaHfa bcäaPtþ . eRBaH xlu s½BÞ Cas½BÞR)ab;bdíesF eTIbelakGacarükan;yk n GkSr EdlmanGtßdUcnwg xlu s½BÞenaH ehIyeBalfa n bcäaPtþieka ¬ minEmn


309 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

bcäaPtþik³ ¦ dUecñH . Fm’EdlCavís½yrbs;sikçabT RBHmanRBHPaK hamTuk k¾edaysikçabTenaHÉg . Fm’NaminEmnCavís½yénsikçabTenaH ¬ EdlRTg;min)anhamTukedaysikçabT ¦ Fm’enaHÉgCavís½yénkarsmaTan ¬ KW Pikçúham b¤ bdíesFedaykarsmaTanFutgÁ ¦ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { ¬ Baküfa bcäaPtþenH CaeQµaH ¦ énGtiritþ ePaCnEdlPikçúbdíesFehIyedayGMNackarsmaTan ¦ } dUecñH . manBaküEdlKYreBalTaMgGs;edayn½yfa karenAGaRs½ykñúgTIval eQµaHfa GeBÖakas . karenAGaRs½ykñúgéRBsµsan eQµaHfa susan . PikçúeQµaHfa GeBÖakasik eRBaHGtßfa mankarGaRs½yenAkñúgTIvalenaH CaRbRktIdUecñHCaedÍm eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { k¾man n½ydUecñHÉg } dUecñH . esnasn³ dUcesnasn³tamEdleKerobcMTuk[ eQµaHfa yfasnßt )andl; esnasn³tamEdleK]TÞis[BIedÍm . PikçúGñkkan;FutgÁx>enH rEmgTTYlykesnasn³enaH minbdíesFedayTak;Tgfa { esnasn³ enHmansegáÍceRcIn mankøins¥úy } dUecñHCaedÍm . eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { esnasn³enHsmnwgelakm©as; } dUecñH CaedÍm . elakeBaldl;karedkfa synM . Baküfa edaykarsmaTan enaH ² KW edaykarsmaTanFutgÁxagbgSúkUlikgÁCaedÍmenaH ² . Baküfa ehtu eRBaHPaBCaGñkkm©at;kiels KW ehtu eRBaHPaBCaGñkjaMjI kielsecj)an mann½yfa ehtu eRBaHPaBCaGñklHbg;)abFm’ mantNða nig ])aTanCaedÍm)an edayGMNactTgÁb,han . kñúgTIenH bMNgyk


310 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

GgÁEdlCaehtukm©at;nUvkielsTaMgLayfa GgÁénPikçúGñkeQµaHfa Fut / minmanbMNgykGgÁdéTy:agNamYyenaHeT / mü:ageTot Gtßfa énPikçú eQµaHfa Fut enHekIt)anedaysPav³elIsGtßdéT . edayBaküfa { manjaNCaGgÁ } enH elakGacarüebIkbgðajdl; esckþIEdlkarsmaTanFutgÁTaMgLayenaH manjaNCaGFibtI . Baküfa rbs;karbdíbtþi KW rbs;smµabdíbtþi mansIlCaedÍm . ectnaEdlRbRBwtþ eTAedayGMNacénkarsmaTan eQµaHfa smaTan eRBaHGtßfa CaeRKÓg kan;ykedayl¥ / FutgÁTaMgLayeQµaHfa mansmaTanectnaCalkçN³ eRBaHGtßfa manectnaEdleQµaHfa smaTanenaHCalkçN³. esckþIenH smtamEdlRBHGdækfacarüeBalTukkñúgbkrN_Gdækfa fa { sm,yutþFm’ TaMgLay ¬KW citþ nig ectsik¦ R)akdehIyedayPaBCa krN ¬ eRKÓgeFVI KW eRKÓgsmaTan ¦ fa eyn eRBaHPav³EdljúaMgkiriya KW karsmaTan [seRmc } dUecñH . karkan;ykedaysmaTanectnacat;CaFutgÁ sUm,IectnakñúgkarrkSa k¾cat;CaFutgÁdUcKña eRBaHmansmaTanectnaenaHCamUl . tNðacar ¬karRbRBwtþieTAéntNða¦ eQµaHfa esckþIelµaP eRBaHGtßfa bøn;yknUvPNгKW kusledayxøÜnÉg nig GñkdéT CaBIrpøÚv eQµaHfa man karjaMjInUvesckþIelµaPCakic© eRBaHmankic©km©at;nUvtNðacar³enaH . eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbR)akdedayPav³EdlminelµaP / b¤fa júaMgkarmin elµaPenaH[R)akd eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa mankarminelµaPCa bc©úb,dæan . Baküfa manGriyFm’CabTdæan )andl; manFm’ mansIl EdlbrisuT§


311 mhadÍka FutgÁnieTÞs

CaedÍm CabTdæan . Baküfa KYrsmaTankñúgsmñak;rbs;RBHmanRBHPaKenaHÉg enH elakGacarüeBalTukedÍm,IkarmineFVÍlMdab;[dac;eTA dUcbuKÁlGñkGaRs½y RBHraCaenaHciBa©wmCÍvít mineBalxøwmsarEdlsmKYrdl;BaküEdlxøÜn RbkasTukkñúgsmñak;RBHraCa[R)ascakeTAedaycMENkmYydUecñaH . sUm,IkarsmaTankñúgsmñak;buKÁld¾essk¾mann½ydUcKña . Baküfa rbs;elakGñkRTRTg;sgÁÍtimYy KW rbs;elakGñkRTRTg;nUv nikayNamYy kñúgbNþanikayTaMg 5 manTIXnikayCaedÍm . Baküfa rbs;RBHGdækfacarü )andl; rbs;elakGñkEdlmanEbbEpnCMnajxag GdækfaCaBiessenaHÉg . bTfa Étß )andl; kñúgehtukarN_TaMgLayrhUtdl;karsmaTan edayxøÜnÉg . Baküfa erOgPaBCaGñkR)afñatickñúgFutgÁrbs;RBHefr³Cabg )an dl; erOgEdlmanmkehIyy:agenHfa manerOgmkfa RBHefr³enaHCa ensC¢ík³ / minmannrNadågfa elakenaHCaensC¢ík³ . yUrmk éf¶mYykñúg eBlkNþalyb; RBHefr³b¥Ún eXIjelakGgÁúyelIERK edayBnøWénepøk benÞar eTIbsYrfa {elakd¾ceRmIn elakCaensC¢íkb¤}. RBHefr³ ¬ Cabg ¦ eRBaHPaBCaGñkR)afñatickñúgFutgÁ eTIbR)asedkkñúgeBlenaHÉgPøam ehIysmaTanCafµÍenAeBleRkay . ¬ cb;; mhadÍka ¦


312 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

1 - bgSúkUlikgÁ karsmaTanbgSúkUlikgÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ mankarsmaTanedayBakü 2 y:agenH BaküNamYyfa³ 1> KhbtiTancIvrM bdíkçi)ami ´m©as; sUmevorcaknUvsMBt; EdlCa rbs;KhbtIRbeKn . 2> bgSúkUlikgÁM smaTiyami ´m©as; sUmsmaTanGgÁénPikçú Gñk RTRTg;nUvsMBt;bgSúkUlCaRbRktI . enHCavíFIsmaTankñúgbgSúkUlikgÁenH .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgbgSúkUlikgÁ kñúgbNþasMBt; ¬ Edlrab;faCasMBt;bgSúkUl ¦ KW ³ sMBt;EdleKe)aHecalkñúgéRBsµsan . 1> esasanik 2> )abNik sMBt;EdleKe)aHecaltampøÚvcUlpSar . 3> rfíyecaL sMBt;EdleKe)aHecaltamRckpøÚv . 4> sgáarecaL sMBt;EdleKe)aHecalenAKMnrsMram . 5> esatßiy sMBt;EdleKCUtmnÞilKP’ehIyecal . 6> nðanecaL sMBt;EdleKbeNþjPUt eKykeTATTUrRKbGñkCMgÍCít TaMgk,al ehIyeKp¶ÚtTwk[ cb;;kic© eKykeTAe)aH ecal . 7> titßecaL sMBt;EdleKecalenAEk,rkMBg;gUtTwk . 8> KtbcäaKt sMBt;EdlmnusSGñkeTAkan;éRBsµsan dl;RtLb;mk víj eKe)aHecal .


313 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

9> GKÁiTDÆ

sMBt;EdlePøIgeqHRtg;NamYykEnøgehIy m©as;eK e)aHecal . 10> eKaxayit sMBt;EdleKaGegáómRtg;NamYy ehIym©as;eKe)aH ecal . 11> ]bcikaxayit sMBt;EdlkeNþórsIuRtg;NamYy ehIym©as;eKe)aH ecal . 12> ]nÞÚrxayit sMBt;EdlkNþúrkat;Rtg;NamYy ehIym©as;eKe)aH ecal . 13> Gnþcäinñ sMBt;EdlercCay ehIyeKe)aHecal . 14> Tscäinñ sMBt;Edldac;Cay ehIyeKe)aHecal . 15> FCahd sMBt;EdleKelIkeFVICaTg; ehIye)aHecal . 16> fUbcIvr sMBt;EdleKrMuB½T§dMbUkeFVIBlIkmµ ehIye)aHecal . 17> smNcIvr sMBt;rbs;PikçúpgKña . 18> GPieskik sMBt;EdleKecalRtg;kEnøgGPieskesþc . 19> \T§imy cIvrEdlseRmcedayb£T§i KW cIvrEdlÉhiPikçú[ . 20> bnßk sMBt;EdlRCúHenAtampøÚvminR)akdm©as; . 21> vatahda sMBt;Edlxül;kYcGENþteTA minmanm©as;tam . 22> eTvTtþiy sMBt;EdleTvtapøúg[ . 23> samuTÞis sMBt;EdlrlksmuRTpat;RcaneTAelIeKak . bNþasMBt;TaMgLayenH NamYy RBHeyaKIEdl)ansmaTanFutgÁ ehIy Kb,Ikan;ykmkEhkyksac;sMBt;EdlpuyrlYye)aHecal yk


314 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

sac;sMBt;EdlenAl¥mkeFVICacIvr elIkElgEtsMBt;cIvrEdleKRbeKndl; éd ehIyeRbIcuH . bNþasMBt;TaMgLayenaH sMBt;EdlenAkñúgéRBsµsan eQµaHfa esasanik / sMBt;EdlenAtampøÚvcUlpSar eQµaHfa )abNik sMBt; EdlCnTaMgLayRtÚvkarbuNü ehIyTukecaltamRckpøÜvmat;bg¥Üc eQµaH fa rfíyecaL / pÞaMgsMBt;EdleKe)aHecalelIKMnrsMram eQµaHfa sgáarecaL / sMBt;EdleKCUtmnÞilKP’ ehIye)aHecal eQµaHfa esatßiy )anB¤fa matarbs;tisSGmatü eRbIsMBt;Edlmantémørab;Esn CUtmnÞilKP’ ehIye)aHecaltampøÚvedÍreQµaH talevLI edaymanbMNg fa PikçúGñkRTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUlCavtþTaMgLaynwgkan;yk PikçúTaMgLaykan; yk ¬sMBt;enaH¦ edÍm,I ¬b:HcIvr¦ EdlrEhkb:ueNÑaH / buKÁlTaMgLayEdl RKÚcab;exµac[gUtTwkdl;k,alehIy ¬ pøas; ¦ e)aHecalsMBt;enaHeTA edaysmÁal;fa sMBt;enaHCasMBt;céRg sMBt; ¬ EdleKpøas;e)aHecal eTA ¦ enaHeQµaHfa nðanecaL / sMBt;cas; ² EdleKe)aHecaltam kMBg;gUtTwk eQµaHfa titßecaL / mnusSTaMgLaycUleTAéRBsµsan eBl RtLb;mkvíjgUtTwkehIy e)aHsMBt;Naecal sMBt;enaHeQµaHfa KtbcäaKt / sMBt;EdlePøøIgeqHcMENkxøH eQµaHfa GKÁiTDÆ / mnusS TaMgLayEtge)aHecalsMBt;enaH dUcKñanwgsMBt; ¬ 5 y:ag ¦ mansMBt; eQµaHfa eKaxayit CaedÍm R)akdc,as;ehIy sUm,IsMBt;enaH ² mnusS TaMgLaye)aHecaldUcKña sMBt;EdlmnusSTaMgLay kaleLIgTUkcgeFVI CaTg;ehIy eTIbeTA eQµaHfa FCahd Pikçúkan;yksMBt;enaH enAeBlput knÞúyEPñkmnusSTaMgLayenaHk¾KYr sUm,IsMBt;EdleKcgCaTg;bkç Tukkñúg


315 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

yuT§PUmi kalTahanTaMgsgxagecjeTAehIy Pikçúkan;yksMBt;enaH k¾ KYr / sMBt;EdleKh‘MudMbUkkeNþóreFVIBlIkmµ eQµaHfa fUbcIvr / sMBt;rbs; PikçúpgKña eQµaHfa smNcIvr / sMBt;EdleKe)aHecalkñúgsßanTIraCaPiesk eQµaHfa GPieskik / cIvrrbs;ÉhiPikçú eQµaHfa \T§imy / sMBt; EdlRCúHkñúgrvagpøÚv eQµaHfa bnßk cMeBaHsMBt;EdlRCúHedaykarePøcsti rbs;m©as;sMBt;enaH PikçúKYrrkSaTukmYyry³ ehIyeTIbKYrkan;yk / sMBt; Edlxül;pat; eTAFøak;kñúgTIq¶ay eQµaHfa vatahd PikçúkalmineXIj m©as;rbs;kan;yksMBt;enaHk¾KYr / sMBt;EdleTvtaTaMgLayfVay dUcCa sMBt;EdleTvtafVaycMeBaHRBHGnuruT§etßr dUecñaH eQµaHfa eTvTtþiy / sMBt;EdlrlksmuRTpat;eLIgelIeKak eQµaHfa samuTÞiy . cMENksMBt;NaEdlTaykeBalBaküfa sgÇsS eTm ¬ ´m©as; TaMgLayfVaydl;sgÇ ¦ fVaykþI PikçúEsVgeTAsUmsMBt;)anmkkþI sMBt; enaHminEmnCasMBt;bgSúkUleT . sUm,IsMBt;EdlPikçúpgKña[ sMBt;Na EdlcIvrPaCk³Eck[tamlMdab;vsSakþI cIvrRbcaMesnasn³kþI sMBt;enaHk¾ minEmnCasMBt;bgSúkUlEdr / sMBt;EdlcIvrPaCk³min)anEck[b:ueNÑaH eTIbCasMBt;bgSúkUl / sUm,IkñúgsMBt;bgSúkUlRbePTenaH sMBt;NaEdl TayklHTukEk,reCÍgrbs;Pikçú ¬ GgÁNamYy ¦ EtPikçúenaH ¬ kan;ykeTA ¦ RbeKndl;édrbs;bgSúkUlikPikçú ¬ lHmþgeTot ¦ sMBt;enaH eQµaHfa ÉketasuT§ik ¬ brisuT§Etmçag ¦ / sMBt;NaEdlTaykRbeKndl;éd ¬ PikçúrUb NamYy¦ ehIyPikçúenaH ¬naMeTA¦ lHecalenAEk,reCÍg ¬ rbs;bgSúkUlik Pikçú ¦ sUm,IsMBt;enaHk¾Ca ÉketasuT§ik / sMBt;NaEdlTaMgTayklHbg; ecalEk,reCÍgrbs;Pikçú ¬ GgÁNamYy ¦ TaMgPikçúenaHk¾lH ¬ dl;bgSúkUlik-


316 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

Pikçú ¦ edayvíFIEtmYydUcKña sMBt;enaHeTIbCa ]PetasuT§ik ¬ brisuT§TaMg sgxag ¦ / sMBt;NaEdlPikçú)anmkeRBaH ¬ Tayk ¦ dak; ¬ RbeKn ¦ dl; édehIy PikçúenaHk¾¬ naMeTA ¦ dak; ¬ RbeKn ¦ dl;éd ¬ rbs;bgSúkUlikPikçú ¦ dUcKña sMBt;enaHeQµaHfa cIvr ¬ bgSúkUl ¦ RbePTmin]Rkidæ . bgSúkUlikPikçúdågesckþIepSgKñaénsMBt;bgSúkUlenH y:agenHehIyeTIb KYreRbIcIvrcuH enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ kñúgbgSúkUlikgÁenH .

RbePTénbgSúkUlikPikçú cMENk RbePT Kb,IRCabdUcteTAenH KW ³ bgSúkUlikPikçúman 3 CMBUk KW ³ 1> Gñkkan;ykfñak; ]Rkidæ . 2> Gñkkan;ykfñak; kNþal . 3> Gñkkan;ykfñak; Tab . kñúg 3 CMBUkenaH Gñkkan;ykEtsMBt;EdlFøak;cuHkñúgéRBsµsanb:ueNÑaH eQµaHfa Gñkkan;yky:ag]Rkidæ . Gñkkan;ykcIvrEdlGñkR)afñabuNü lHbg;ecaledayKitfa bBVCítnwgkan;ykdUecñaH eQµaHfa Gñkkan;yk y:agkNþal . Gñkkan;yksMBt;EdleKdak;RbeKnEk,reCÍg eQµaHfa Gñkkan;yky:agTab .

karEbkFøayénbgSúkUlikgÁ FutgÁ rbs;bgSúkUlikPikçúTaMg 3 CMBUkenaH CMBUkNamYyk¾eday rEmg EbkFøay kñúgxN³EdlelakrIkraynwgsMBt;EdlRKhsßfVaytamkareBj citþrbs;xøÜn . enHCakarEbkFøaykñúgbgSúkUlikgÁenH .


317 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

GanisgSénbgSúkUlikgÁ

cMENk GanisgS Kb,IRCabdUcteTAenH ³ 1> ekItmankarbdíbtþiEdlsmKYrdl;nisS½y tamRBH)alI ¬ R)ab; Gnusasn_ ¦ esckþIfa bBVC¢aGaRs½ybgSúkUlcIvr . 2> )antaMgenAkñúgGriyvgS x>TI 1 . 3> minlM)akeRBaHkarEfrkSa . 4> CaGñkminRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkarTak;TgnwgGñkdéT . 5> minmankarP½yxøaceRBaHecarP½y . 6> minmantNðaeRBaHkareRbIR)as; . 7> manbrikçarCasmNsarUb . 8> manbc©½ytamEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;Rtas;sresIrTukfa Carbs; tictYcpg Carbs;rk)anedaygaypg Carbs;minmaneTaspg . 9> CaGñkKYrRCHføa . 10> FutFm’ mankarR)afñaticCaedÍm GMeNaypg . 11> smµabdíbtþiceRmInpg . 12> eFVI[BYkCnEdlekItCMnan;eRkay ekItnUvTidæanuKtipg.

GvsanKafakñúgbgSúkUlikgÁ RBHbrmkSRtEdlRTRTg;nUgeRKÓgeRkaHl¥kñúgTIcm,aMg y:agNa RBH eyaKIGñkRTRTg;nUvsMBt;bMsukUlcIvr l¥kñúgkiriyaBiXatnUvmaresna k¾y:ag enaH . Gm,alEtRBHsm<úT§ EdlCabrmRKÚénstVelak emþcKg;RBHGgÁGac lHbg;nUvsMBt;TaMgLayd¾éføføa mansMBt;Edl)anmkBIEdnkasICaedÍm


318 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

ehIymkRTRTg;nUvsMBt;bMsukUlcIvrenaH)an eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI ¬1 ¦ kalrB£keXIjnUvBaküebþCJarbs;xøÜn Kb,ICaGñkeRtkGrkñúgbgSúkUlcIvr d¾smKYrdl;esckþIBüayamcuH . enHÉgCaBaküeBalGMBIkarsmaTan víFI ¬bdíbtþi¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nigGanisgSkñúgbgSúkUlikgÁCabTdMbUg .

mhadÍka BN’na kfaeBaledaybgSúkUlikgÁ kñúgbTfa KhbtiTancIvrM ¬ cIvrEdlCaTanrbs;KhbtIfVay ¦ enH Kb,IeXIjfa sUm,IsmN³TaMgLay k¾cat;cUlCaBYkKhbtIdUcKñasRmab; PikçúEdlkan;yky:ag]Rkidæ eRBaHPaBEdlsmN³CaGñkfVay . cIvrEdl eKdak;TukecaleRBaHKitfa { bBVCítnwgkan;yk } dUcenH Kb,Icat;Ca KhbtIcIvr EtminKb,Icat;CaKhbtITancIvrdUecñH . kñúgBaküfa eday Baküniyay ¬ 2 Baküfa ¦ kñúgBaküNamYy enH sYrfa FutgÁ eQµaHfa Edl)ansmaTanehIy edayBaküeBalsmaTan k¾elIkTuksincuH Etfa nwgeQµaHfa )ansmaTanehIyedayBaküeBalbdíesF)andUcemþc ? eqøIyfa eQµaHfa CakarsmaTanehIy edayBaküeBalbdíesFk¾)an eRBaHCakaryl;Kña)anedaykarsmÁal; dUcCakaleBalfa { PikçúeTvTtþ minqan;kñúgeBléf¶ } dUecñH k¾rEmgyl;)anedaykarsmÁal;fa { rEmg qan;kñúgeBlyb; } dUecñH eRBaHebIevorGaharecjehIy PikçúeTvTtþenaH 1

sMedAykBaküebþCJaEdl]bsm,TacarüR)ab;nisS½yfa bMsukUlcIvr nisSay bBVC¢a dUecñHCaedIm / ehIyxøÜnTTYlfa Gam Penþ dUecñH .


319 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

minmankartaMgenAénragkay)anyUreLIy dUecñHy:agNa sUm,IkñúgerOgenH k¾dUecñaH sUm,IPikçúbdíesFKhbtITancIvrenaH k¾rEmgTTYlyknUvcIvrdéT eRkABIKhbtÍTancIvrenaH Edlyl;KñaedaykarsmÁal;ehIyEtmü:ag eRBaH evorcakcIvrecj k¾minmankartaMgenAkñúgRBHsasna)anEdr . edayBaküfa PikçúsmaTanFutgÁehIyy:agenH CaedÍm CavíFIkarkan; ykvíFIbdíbtþikñúgbgSúkUlikgÁ . sMBt;EdlPikçú)ankñúgéRBsµsan eQµaHfa esasanik . sMBt;enaH eRBaHehtu EdlRCúHkñúgéRB eRBaHRtÚvbuKÁlBYk xøHe)aHecalkñúgéRBsµsanenaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa sMBt;EdlRCúHkñúgéRBsµsan dUecñH . sUm,IsMBt;EdleQµaHfa )abNik k¾Kb,IRCabtamn½yEdleBalehIyenHcuH . eQµaHfa pøÚveQµaHfa tal vLI )andl; pøÚvFMmYyExSkñúgRsúk cMENkGacarüBYkxøH eBalfa )andl; pøÚvmYyExSkñúgRkúgGnuraFbur³dUecñH . sMBt; eQµaHfa RtÚvePøIgéRBeqH cMENkxøH eRBaHGtßfa mancMENkxøHRtÚvePøIgéRBeqH . GacarüBYkxøHeBal fa sMBt;EdlRCúHenAtampøÚvknøgeTAeRcInéf¶ PikçúeTIbKYrkan;yk)andUecñH . GacarümYyBYkeToteBalfa {knøgeTA 2 - 3 éf¶k¾KYrkan;yk)an} dUecñH . Baküfa rkSaTukmYyry³ KW rg;caMevlamYyry³tUc . sUm,IsMBt;Edl RtÚvxül;pat;[Føak;cuH k¾dUcsMBt;EdlRCúHedaykarePøcstirbs;GñkEdl Cam©as;vtßú eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa sUm,IminCYbm©as; rbs; k¾KYrnwgkan;yksMBt;enaH)andUecñH . eRBaHdUecñaH PikçúKYrrg;caMeBl evlamYyry³tUc ehIyeTIbKYrkan;yk . edÍm,InwgkarBaresckþIsgS½y sMBt;EdlTaykeBalfa { BYk´m©as; sUmfVaydl;RBHsgÇ } dUecñH ehIyfVay[kþI sMBt;Edl)anmkeday Tak;TgnwgkareTAedÍm,IsMusMBt;kþI taMgBIkalEdl)anmk { KYrCasmNcIvr


320 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

)an b¤min)anhñ+ ¡ } dUecñH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { sMBt;enaHmin cat;CasMBt;bgSúkUl } dUecñH . BitehIy sMBt;EdlTaykeBalfVayCaedÍmkþI min)ancUlkñúgRbePT sMBt;Na ² kñúgzan³Edl]b,tþi 23 y:ag . RKaenaH edÍm,InwgsEmþgkarEcknUvsMBt;bgSúkUl cMeBaHlkçN³kñúg sMBt;EdlPikçúpgKñaRbeKn RbePT]Rkidæ nig min]Rkidæ edaybMNgEtmYy dUcKñaenH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { sUm,IsMBt;EdlPikçúpgKñaRbeKn } dUecñHCaedÍm . kñúgBaküTaMgLayenaH Baküfa Eck[ )andl; cIvrEdlPikçúTaMgLay fVaycMeBaHsgÇ b¤ dl;KN³ k¾RbeKndl;PikçúTaMgLaytamlMdab;vsSa . Baküfa esnasncIvr )andl; cIvrEdleKeFVÍCaesnasn³CaeRsc ehIy ¬ eBal ¦ fVayfa { sUmPikçúenAkñúgesnasn³ enHeRbIR)as;cuH } dUecñH . sUm,IBaküfa sMBt;t;enaHmincat;CasMBt;bMsukUl k¾man mann½yfa minEmnCasMBt;bgSúkUl k¾edayehtuEdl)aneBalehIykñúgkalmun nig eRBaHPaBCasMBt;EdleKEck[ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa min )anEck[Etb:ueNÑaH eTIbCasMBt;bgSúkUldUecñH . Baküfa ¬ sUm,IsMBt; bMsukUlRbePTenaH ¦ sUm,IsMBt;Edlmi Edlmin)anEck[ mann½yfa sMBt; Edlmin)anEck[ KW sMBt;EdlPikçúRbeKny:agNa sUm,IkñúgsMBt;enaH elakGacarübMNgnwgsEmþgxøwmsarenHfa PikçúGgÁNaRbeKncIvr[ cIvr PikçúRbeKn[enaH eQµaHfa brisuT§Etmçag eRBaHPikçúenaHmankareGIeBI nig kareKarBkñúgkar)anmknigkñúgkarRbeKneTA EckcMeBaHbuKÁlmñak;Kt; . eQµaHfa manesckþIbrisuT§iTaMgBIrxag eRBaHmankareGIeBI nig kareKarB


321 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

kñúgkareFVITaMgBIr ¬ TaMgkar)anmkTaMgkarRbeKn ¦ nigeQµaHfa manPaBCa cIvrEdlmin]Rkidæ k¾eRBaHminmankareGIeBI nig kareKarBenaH dUecñaHeTIb elakeBalfa sMBt;EdlBYkTayk dUecñHCaedÍm bMNgfa RtÚvEtCasMBt; EdlsmN³TukEk,reCÍg . Baküfa rbs;PikçúGgÁNamYy KW rbs;PikçúGgÁNamYykñúgbNþaPikçú 3 CMBUk manPikçúGñkkan;ykRbePT]RkidæCaedÍm . bTfa ruciya ERbfa kareBjcitþ . bTfa xnþiya ¬ kareBjcitþ ¦ )an dl; kareBjcitþ KW smøwgmindak;EPñk . Baküfa mankarbdíbtþiEdlsmKYrdl;nisS½y mann½yfa kñúgbNþa nisS½y 4 EdlGacarüR)ab;kñúgeBl]bsm,½T )ancMeBaHnUvx>bdíbtþiEdl smKYrcMeBaHnisS½yx>TI 2 tamEdlxøÜn)anRbkasTuk . Baküfa minman TukçeRBaHkarrkSacIvr eRBaHbgSúkUlcIvrminCaTItaMgénesckþIelaP . eQµaHfa minmantNðakñúgkarbriePaK eRBaHsMBt;bMsukUlmanPaBesA hµgy:agvíess . eQµaHfa manPaBCaGñkKYrRCHføa eRBaHnaMmknUv esckþIRCHføadl;buKÁlTaMgLaydéT . eQµaHfa KuNTaMgLay mankar R)afñaticCaedÍm mankarseRmcCapl eRBaHkarrkSaFutgÁ PikçúGaceFVI[ seRmc)anedayKuNTaMgLay manesckþIR)afñaticCaedÍmenaHÉg . kar smaTannUvFutFm’TaMgLay ehIyeFVÍ[RbRBwtþeTA k¾RtwmEtedÍm,IeFVI[ smµabdíbtþikan;Etx<s;eLIgeTA [dl;RBmb:ueNÑaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb elakehAfa mankarceRmInnUvsmµabdíbtþidUecñH . Baküfa edÍm,Ikm©at;marnigesna KW edÍm,Ikm©at; edÍm,IjaMjImar nig kgT½Brbs;mar . PikçúeQµaHfa yti ¬ GñksRgÜÜm ¦ eRBaHGtßfa sRgÜm KW


322 vísuT§imKÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ

sRgÜmedayl¥tampøÚvkay vaca nig citþ . RbkbesckþIfa sMBt;bgSúkUl NaEdlRTg;CaRKÚrbs;elak k¾RTg;eRbIR)as; nrNa EdlfaminRTRTg;nUv sMBt;bMsukUlenaHdUecñH . mü:ageTot eRBaHehtufa RBHmanRBHPaKCaRKÚ rbs;elak k¾Kg;RTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUl eRBaHdUecñaH nrNanwgminRTRTg;nUv sMBt;bgSúkUlenaH eRBaHdUecñaH yM s½BÞ nig tM s½BÞ mankarsm<½n§KñaEt mü:ag . Baküfa kaltamrlwkdl;BaküebþCJa KW kaltamrB£kdl;Bakü ebþCJaEdlxøÜnRbkasehIy cMeBaHmuxsgÇ manGacarüCaRbmuxkñúgsala ]bsm,½Tfa { Gam Penþ } dUecñH . BN’nakfa bgSúkUlikgÁ cb;; ¬ cb;; mhadÍka ¦


323 vísuT§imKÁ etcIvrikgÁ

2 - etcIvrikgÁ viFIsmaTanetcIvrikgÁ etcIvríkgÁ enAbnÞab;BIbgSúkUlikgÁenaH rEmgmankarsmaTaneday Bakü 2 enH BaküNamYy KW ³ 1> ctutßcIvrM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNasUmhamXat;nUvcIvrCaKRmb; 4 . 2> etcIvríkgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNasUmsmaTannUvGgÁrbs;Pikçú Gñk manEtcIvr 3 CaRbRktI .

viFI¬bdíbtþi ¦kñúgetcIvríkgÁ etcIvríkPikçúenaH )ansMBt;sRmab;eFVIcIvrmkehIy enAminTan;)aneFVI eRBaHminsb,aykþI cat;Ecgvas;kat;minTan;kþI eRKÓg]bkrN_manm¢úl CaedÍmrkminTan;)ankþI drabNa Kb,IrkSaTuk)andrabenaH . minman eTaseRBaHkarrkSaTukCabc©½yenaHeT Etfa taMgBIRtwmRClk;ehIyeTA nwg Tukdak;teTAeTotmin)aneLIy ebITukdak;teTAeTot elakcat;fa Camha ecarEpñkxagFutgÁ . enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ kñúg etcIvríkgÁ .

RbePTénetcIvrikgÁ

eBaledayRbePT sUm,IRbePTetcIvrík³enaHk¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3CMBUk enaH elakkan;ykRbePT]Rkidæ kñúgeBlRClk;sMBt;Kb,IRClk;Gnþrvask³ ¬s,g; ¦ b¤ ]tþrasgÁ¬ cIBr ¦ ¬ sMBt;NamYy ¦ mun ¬ kalEdlsMBt; RClk;s¶ÜtehIy ¦ k¾yksMBt;enaHmkesøók ehIyeTIbRClk;sMBt;mYy pÞaMgeTot ¬ kal]tþrasgÁs¶ÜtehIy ¦ Kb,Iesøók]tþrasgÁenaH ehIyeTIb


324 vísuT§imKÁ etcIvrikgÁ

RClk;sgÇadÍ EtyksgÇadÍesøókminKYr enHCavtþkñúgesnasn³cugRsúk sRmab;PikçúetcIvrík³enaH . cMENkGñkCaGarBaØik³ nwgRClk; 2 pÞaMg kñúg eBlEtmYyk¾)an EtKb,IGgÁúyenARtg;kEnøgEdlCít ² ¬sMBt;¦ enaH[lµm EteXIjmnusSNamYyedÍrmk GacnwgTajykcIvrmkRKbelIxøÜn)anTan; eBl . cMENkPikçúGñkkan;ykCakNþaltamRbRktI ebImansMBt;kasav³sRmab; eRbIR)as;enAkñúgeragRClk; GacnwgesøókdNþb;nUvsMBt;kasav³enaH ehIy RClk;nUvcIvrrbs;xøÜnk¾KYr . Pikçúfñak;Tab GacesøókdNþb;nUvsMBt;cIvrrbs;PikçúpgKña ehIyRClk; nUvcIvrrbs;xøÜn)an sUm,IsMBt;kRmalEdlmanenAkñúgesnasn³enaH k¾ KYrdl;elak EtnwgrkSaTuk¬eRbIR)as;Canic©¦minKYr EtebIx©IcIvrrbs;PikçúEdl RtÚvKñaesøókkñúgeBlRClk;enaHk¾)an . etcIvrPikçúTaMg 3 fñak;enH ebInwgbEnßmsMBt;GgS½kmYymkeTot [Ca KRmb; 4 k¾)an EtsMBt;GgS½kenaHRtÚvmankRmit TTwg 1 cMGam beNþay 3 htß eTIbKYr .

karEbkFøayénetcIvrikgÁ FutgÁrbs;PikçúetcIvrík³TaMg 3 fñak;enH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³Edl elakTTYleRtkGrnUvcIvrCaKRmb; 4 enaHÉg enHCakarEbkFøaykñúg etcIvríkgÁ . 

c,ab;sIhL nig c,ab;GWr:ub fa { )an } Etc,ab;éffa { min)an }/ yktamc,ab; Exµrfa { )an } RtÚvKñaCamYynwgc,ab;sIhL nig c,ab;GWr:ub .


325 vísuT§imKÁ etcIvrikgÁ

GanisgSénetcIvrikgÁ

cMENkGanisgSmandUecñH KW KuNTaMgLaydUcEdleBalteTAenHKW rEmgseRmc ¬ dl;PikçúetcIvrík³ ¦ KW ³ 1> PikçúetcIvrík³ rEmgCaGñksenþasedaycIvrlµmEtnwgrkSakayeday karsenþasenaH¬eTATINa¦ elakkan;yk ¬ cIvrenaH ¦ eTA)an dUcbkSInaM yksøabeTAdUecñaH . 2> mankic©EdlKb,IeFVItic . 3> minmankarsnSMsMBt; . 4> PaBCaGñkRbRBwtþRsal . 5> lHbg;esckþIelµaPkñúgGtierkcIvr)an . 6> eFVIkareBjcitþkñúgsMBt;EdlCakb,iy³ . 7> mankarRbRBwtþidusxat;kiels . 8> FutFm’mankarR)afñaticseRmcCapl .

GvsanKafakñúgetcIvrikgÁ RBHeyaKICaGñkmanbBaØa GñkdågnUvrsénesckþIsuxEdlekItBIesckþI senþas elakrEmglHbg;nUvcMNg;kñúgsMBt;EdlelIskMNt; elakrEmg evorbg;nUvkiriyasnSMTuknUvsMBt; elakRTRTg;EtcIvr 3 b:ueNÑaH eRBaHehtu enaH RBHeyaKId¾RbesIr kalR)afñaedÍm,IRtac;eTACasux Kb,IeFVInUvesckþI rIkraykñúgFutgÁEdlelakkMNt;RtwmcIvr 3 Cab;eTACamYy hak;dUcCastV bkSIEdlRtac;eTAmanEtsøabCab;eTAdUecñaH . enHCaBaküBN’naGMBIkarsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nigGanisgSkñúg etcIvríkgÁ .


326 mhadÍka etcIvrikgÁ

mhadÍka kfaBN’naGMBIetcIvrikgÁ Baküfa sMBt;cIvr TI 4 GFib,ayfa )andl; sMBt;cIvrTI 4 EdlKYr dl;karesøóknigdNþb; eRBaHsMBt;GgS½kminEmnCasMBt;EdlRtÚvbdíesF. kñúgBaküfa edayBaküNamYy enH manBaküNaEdlKYreBaldl; BaküenaHmann½ydUcEdl´m©as;)aneBalehIykñúgbTmunenaHÉg . Kb,I P¢ab; yav s½BÞ cUlEtbTmYyfa yav n sekáati drabb:ueNÑH enAmin GaceFVI)an / yav n lPti drabb:ueNÑH enAminTan;)an ¬ BicarNa ¦ / yav n sm,C¢ti drabb:ueNÑH ¬ eRKÓgeFVIedayéd ¦enAminRBmdUecñHcuH . Baküfa enAminRBm KW enAminTan;seRmc . Baküfa eTaseRBaHkar eTaseRBaHkar rkSaTukCabc©½y minman KW eTaseRBaHkaresAhµgénFutgÁ ehtueRBaHkar snSMkarrkSaTukminman . Baküfa kEnøgEdlCít KW kEnøgEdlCítcIvr . sMBt;EdleRbIR)as; ¬ KWesøók ¦ kñúgxN³RClk; eQµaHfa sMBt;kasav³sRmab;esøókRClk; . eQµaHfa sMBt;EdleRtómTukCaeRKÓgRkalkñ CaeRKÓgRkalkñúgesnasn³enaH )an dl; sMBt;rbs;xøÜnk¾eday sMBt;rbs;GñkdéTk¾eday EdltaMgTukCaRbcaM edayTak;TgCamYyeRKÓgRkalkñúgesnasn³enaH . GacarüCaeRcIneBal fa kñúgGdækfa manBaküeBalTukfa { sMBt;GgS½kcat;CasMBt;brikçar ¬sMBt;EdlRtÚveRbIeRkABIéRtcIvr ehAfa sMBt;brikçar dUcCaeRsam)aRt fg; yamCaedÍm ¦ eRBaHehtuenaH sMBt;TaMgBIry:agenH KW sMBt;kRmal 1 sMBt;GgS½k1 sUm,ItaMgenAkñúgzan³énGtierkcIvrk¾mineFVI[FutgÁEbkFøay } dUecñH .


327 mhadÍka etcIvrikgÁ

Baküfa EtnwgrkSaTukminKYr mann½yfa minKYrsRmab;PikçúGñkCa etcIvrík³ edayTak;TgCamYynwgkareRbIR)as;CaRbcaM eRBaHelakGnuBaØat TukcMeBaHEteBlRClk;sMBt;b:ueNÑaH . Baküfa sMBt;GgS½k )andl; sMBt;Bak;elIsµa . Baküfa ¬ edaycIvr ¦ CaeRKÓgrkSakay KW edaycIvrEdlCaeRKÓg rkSakay[putBIGnþrayKW xül; nig kemþAéf¶ . Baküfa smaTanehIyenaHÉg KWkan;ykehIyenaHÉg . Baküfa PaBCaGñkmanvtßúEdlKYrR)afñatic KW PaBCaGñkmankic©tic . Baküfa PaBCaGñkeRbIlµmRbmaNkñúgvtßúEdlCakb,iy³ mann½yfa kñúgbNþasMBt;eRcInpÞaMg sUm,IRBHmanRBHPaKGnuBaØatTukTak;TgnwgsMBt; RkalGgÁúyCaedÍm nig edayTak;TgnwgsMBt;brikçar k¾eRBaHmanPaBCaGñk taMgenAkñúgcIvr 3 pÞaMg b:ueNÑaH . eQµaHfa naMykEtsøabeTA eRBaHGtß fa RbRBwtþeTARBmCamYynwgkareTAedaysøab . bkSI eQµaHfa bkIç ERbfa Edlmansøab . BN’nakfaeday etcIvríkgÁ cb;; ¬ cb;; mhadÍka ¦


328 vísuT§imKÁ biNÐ)atikgÁ

3 - biNÐ)atikgÁ karsmaTanbiNÐ)atikgÁ

sUm,IbiNÐ)atikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBakü 2 y:agenH BaküNa mYy KW ³ 1> GtierklaPM bdíkçi)ami ´m©as;sUmevorcakGtierklaP . 2> biNÐ)atikgÁM smaTiyami ´m©as;sUmsmaTanGgÁrbs;Pikçú Gñk mankiriyaRtac;eTAbiNÐ)atCaRbRktI.

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgbiNÐ)atikgÁ biNÐ)atikPikçúenaHminKYrrIkraykñúgPtþ 14 y:ag KW ³ PtþEdleKRbeKncMeBaHsgÇTUeTA . 1 - sgÇPtþM 2 - ]eTÞskPtþM PtþEdleK]TÞiscMeBaHPikçú 1GgÁkþI 2GgÁkþI GMBIsmñak; sgÇ ehIyRbeKn . 3 - nimnþnM PtþEdleKnimnþPikçúykeTARbeKn . 4 - slakPtþM PtþEdleKRbeKntamsøak . 5 - bkçikM PtþEdleKRbeKnRbcaMbkç . 6 - ]e)asfíkM PtþEdleKRbeKnral;éf¶]e)asf . 7 - )adíbTikM PtþEdleKRbeKnral;éf¶)adíbT ¬ éf¶edÍmbkç KW 2 ekIt b¤ 1 erac ¦ . 8 - GaKnþúkPtþM PtþedÍm,IPikçúCaGaKnþúk³ . 9 - KmikPtþM PtþsRmab;PikçúEdlerobeFVIdMeNIrpøÚvq¶ay .


329 vísuT§imKÁ biNÐ)atikgÁ

10 - KilanPtþM PtþedÍm,IPikçúGaBaF . 11> 11>KilanubdæakPtþM PtþedÍm,IPikçúGñkrkSaPikçúGaBaF . 12 - víharPtþM PtþRbcaMvíhar . 13 - FurPtþM PtþEdleKtmál;TukkñúgpÞHmanFur³ ehIyRbeKn . 14 - varPtþ PtþEdleKdak;evnKñaRbeKn . EtPtþTaMgLayNa ebITaykmin)aneBal ¬ ecjeQµaH ¦ edayn½y CaedÍmfa { sUmelakTaMgLayTTYlsgÇPtþ } dUecñH ¬CaedÍm ¦ eBalfa ¬ sUmsgÇTTYlPikçakñúgpÞHrbs;´ ¦ b¤fa { sUmelakTaMgLayTTYlPikça } dUecñH ehIyfVay/ biNÐ)atikPikçúnwgrIkraykñúgPtþenaHk¾KYr/ niramisslak ¬søakEdlminmanGamis¦ cMeBaHsgÇkþI PtþEdleKeFVI ¬RbeKn ¦ kñúgvíharkþþI rEmgKYredayBit enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ énbiNÐ)atikPikçúenaH .

RbePTénbiNÐ)atikgÁ kareBaledayRbePT sUm,IbiNÐ)atikPikçúenH k¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUkenaH GñkEdlkan;y:ag]RkidærEmgTTYlPikçaEdlTayknaMmk ¬ RbeKn BIpÞH ¦ xagmuxk¾)an ¬ BIpÞH ¦ xageRkayk¾)an QrenARtg;TVarpÞHEtmYy sUm,IbuKÁl ¬pÞHepSg ² mksMu¦ TTYl)aRtk¾[ ehIyTTYlPikçaEdleKnaMmk fVaykñúgeBlRtLb;víjk¾)an Et ¬ evorcakbiNÐ)at ¦ GgÁúycuHehIyminRtÚv TTYlPikça ¬ eTot ¦ kñúgéf¶enaH . Gñkkan;fñak;kNþal sUm,IGgÁúycuHehIy k¾GacTTYl)an¬ eTot ¦kñúgéf¶enaH EtminTTYl ¬ nimnþ ¦ edÍm,Iqan;kñúgéf¶ Es¥k . Gñkkan;fñak;TabGacTTYl ¬ nimnþ ¦ edÍm,Iqan;kñúgéf¶Es¥kk¾)an kñúg 

kEnøgenHFøab;ERbfa { FurPtþ } b¤ { nic©Ptþ } PtþEdleKfVayCaRbcaM .


330 vísuT§imKÁ biNÐ)atikgÁ

éf¶teTAeTotk¾)an biNÐ)atrbs;PikçúTaMgBIrRbePTenaH rEmgmin)anesckþI suxkñúgkarrs;enAedayesrI Gñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæb:ueNÑaH eTIb)an ¬ dUc ¦man erOgeBalfa kñúgRsúkmYyman ¬ karsEmþgFmµkfa ¦ / eBaldl;GriyvgS biNÐ)atikPikçú Gñkkan;ykfñak;]Rkidæ )aneBalnwgbiNÐ)atikPikçúTaMgBIr RbePTfa {Gavuesa eyIgeTAsþab;Fm’CamYyKñacuH} kñúgPikçúBIrGgÁenaH mYy GgÁeBalfa elakd¾ceRmIn ´m©as;RtÜveKnimnþ[GgÁúy / mYyGgÁeToteBal fa elakd¾ceRmIn ´m©as;k¾)anTTYlnimnþedÍm,Iqan;enAéf¶Es¥kenHrbs; Taykmñak; PikçúTaMgBIrGgÁenaH)anvínascakRbeyaCn_ edayRbkardUecñH . cMENkelakEdlkan;ykfñak;]Rkidæ nimnþeTAbiNÐ)attaMgBIRBlwm ¬ qan; ehIy ¦ k¾eTA )anesaynUvFmµrsehIy .

karEbkFøayénbiNÐ)atikgÁ FutgÁrbs;biNÐ)atikTaMg 3 CMBUkenH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³Edl rIkraynwgGtierklaP mansgÇPtþCaedÍmenaHÉg enHCaesckþIEbkFøay kñúgbiNÐ)atikgÁenH .

GanisgSénbiNÐ)atikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenHKW ³ 1 - mankarbdíbtþiEdlsmKYrdl;nisS½y tamRBH)alIfa bBVC¢a GaRs½ykarbriePaKdMu)ayEdlEsVgrkedaykmøaMgsµg . 2 - )antaMgenAkñúgGriyvgSxTI 2 . 3 - CaGñkRbRBwtþeTAminTak;TgCamYyGñkdéT . 4 - manbc©½ytamEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;sresIrTukfa Carbs;tic


331 vísuT§imKÁ biNÐ)atikgÁ

tYcpg Carbs;rk)anedaygaypg Carbs;minmaneTaspg . 5 - jaMjIkarrYjraecj)an . 6 - manGaCÍv³brisuT§ . 7 - )anbMeBjeskçiybdíbtþi . 8 - mincaM)ac;ciBa©wmGñkdéT . 9 - )aneFVIesckþIGnueRKaHGñkdéT . 10 - lHbg;manH)an . 11 - hamtNðakñúgrs)an . 12 - minRtÚvGabtþieRBaHKNePaCnsikçabT brm,rePaCnsikçabT nig caritsikçabT . 13 - mankarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;FutFm’TaMgLay manesckþIR)afñatic CaedÍm . 14 - smµabdíbtþiceRmIneLIg . 15 - )anGnueRKaHBBYkCnEdlekItCMnan;eRkay .

GvsanKafakñúgbiNÐ)atikgÁ RBHeyaKavcrCaGñksenþaskñúgePaCn KW dMu)ayEdleKBUtCaBMunUt ² mankiriyaciBa©wmCÍvít minCab;edaybuKÁldéT manesckþIelµaPkñúgGahar lHbg;)anehIy elakGacRtac;eTAkñúgTisTaMg 4 )an minTTak;TTam elakrEmgbenÞabg;nUvesckþIx¢ilRcGUs)an GaCÍv³rbs;elakesatk¾s¥at brisuT§ eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúGñkmanR)aCJal¥minKb,IemIlgaynUvdMeNIrRtac; eTAedÍm,IbiNÐ)atenaHeLIy . EmnBit biNÐ)atikPikçúGñkciBa©wmEtxøÜnÉg 1 minciBa©wmGñkdéTEbbenH eTvtaTaMgLayEtgRsLaj;rab;Gan CYyXMuRKg


332 mhadÍka biNÐ)atikgÁ

rkSa kMuEtRbRBwtþeRBaHGaRs½ylaP nig esckþIsresIr . enHCaBaküBN’naGMBI karsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbk Føay nig GanisgSkñúgbiNÐ)atikgÁ enH .

mhadÍka BN’naGMBIbiNÐ)atikgÁ Baküfa GtierklaP KW laPEdlekItBIlaP KW PikçacarEdleBal Tuky:agenHfa { biNÐiyaelabePaCnM nisSay } GaRs½yePaCn KW dMu )ayEdlKb,IEsVgrkedaysµgdUecñH mann½yfa )andl; sgÇPtþCaedÍm . PtþEdlTaykfVaydl;RBHsgÇTaMgGs; eQµaHfa sgÇPtþ . PtþEdl TaykfVayecaHcMeBaHPikçú 2 - 3 rUb eQµaHfa ]eTÞsPtþ . PtþEdl TaykfVaykñúg 1 bkç mYyéf¶ eQµaHfa bkçibkçPtþ . PtþEdlTaykfVay erogral;éf¶]e)asf eQµaHfa ]e)asfíkPtþ . PtþEdlTaykfVaykñúgéf¶ bdíbT eQµaHfa )adíbTikPtþ . PtþEdlTaykfVayRbcaMvíhar eQµaHfa víharPtþ . PtþEdlTaykfVaytaMgTukkñúgkudíenAEk,r ¬ víhar ¦enaHÉg eQµaHfa FurPtþ . PtþEdlbuKÁlTaMgLay manBYkGñkRsúkCaedÍm fVay tamvar³ eQµaHfa varPtþ . eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ EdlERbfa CaedÍm ¦ kñúgBaküfa { sgÇPtþM KNðfatiGaTina } edayn½yCaedÍmfa sUmelakTaMgLayTTYlsgÇPtþ dUecñH rYmyk]eTÞsPtþCaedÍmpg . Baküfa kalEdlPikçúrIkrayk¾KYr mann½yfa kalEdlPikçúnwgrIkray k¾KYr eRBaHCaPtþEdlRtÚveBaldl; edayn½yGm² fa Pikça . søakEdl


333 mhadÍka biNÐ)atikgÁ

Tak;TgCamYyePsC¢³CaedÍm eQµaHfa niramisslak cMENkGacarü eRcInnak;eBalfa søakEdlevorcak yavkalikslak ¬ søakEdleRbI)an CaRbcaMGs;kalCanic© ¦ eQµaHfa niramisslak . Baküfa PtþEdleK eFVIkñúgvíhar mann½y fa BYk])ask])asikadaMsøPtþkñúgvíharenH enaHÉg ehIyeRtómPtþkñúgvíharenaHÉg edaysmÁal;fa { BYkeyIgnwgfVaydl; RBHKuNm©as;RKb;GgÁ } PtþenaHrEmgKYrdl;PikçúGñkCabiNÐ)atik³ . Baküfa naMmk KW TaykTTYl)aRt ¬eTAdak;Pikça¦ ehIynaMecjBIpÞH . Baküfa GgÁúycuHehIykñúgéf¶enaH KW GgÁúycuHehIykñúgéf¶enaH eRBaH EtgEtTTYlBakürbs;TaykEdleBalfa { elakd¾ceRmIn sUmelak TaMgLaykMunimnþeTAbiNÐ)ateLIy BYk´m©as;nwgnaMPikçamkkñúgvíharEtmþg} dUecñH . Baküfa suxkñúgkarenAy:ag\sSr³ KW suxkñúgPaBCaGñkenAminTak;Tg CamYyGñkdéT . Baküfa eTsnaGriyvgS )andl; FmµkfaEdlRbkb edayGriyvgSsURt . Baküfa Fmµrs )andl; rs mankarrIkraycitþ CaedÍm EdlRbkbedayFm’ . eQµaHfa mankarjaMjInUvkarx¢ilRcGUsecj)an eRBaHkarGaRs½y kmøaMgsµgEsVgrkbiNÐ)at . eQµaHfa manPaBCa GñkmanGaCÍvbrisuT§i k¾eRBaHmankarEsVgrkGahartamvíFIEdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa { yfabi Pmera Pmera buböM } CaedÍm ¬ esckþIeBjkñúgKafaenHERbfa munIKb,IcUleTAkñúgRsúk [dUcCaXµMúminjúaMg páa BN’ nig køin [RTúDeRTamxUc eRkbykEtrs ehIyehIrecjeTAdUecñaH ¦ . eskçiyFm’TaMgLayman sub,dícänKmn ¬ PaBCaGñkmankaybiT)aMg


334 mhadÍka biNÐ)atikgÁ

erobryehIyedÍreTA ¦ CaedÍm rEmgdl;RBm)an cMeBaHPikçúGñkcUleTAkan; lMdab;pÞHCanic©bu:eNÑaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa )aneFVIeskçiy bdíbtþi[bribUrN_ . eQµaHfa manPaBCaGñkminciBa©wmGñkdéT eRBaHPaBCaGñkdågRbmaN kñúgkarTTYl nig eRBaHminmankarenAedaykarsñiT§sñal . eQµaHfa man kareFVIEdlGnueRKaHdl;GñkdéT eRBaHkarTTYlykdMu)ayRtwmEtbnþic bnþÜckñúg 1 RtkUl . eQµaHfa lHbg;manH)an eRBaHmanzan³TabedaykarciBa©wmCÍvíttam víFITabbMput . esckþIenHsmdUcEdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa ³ { GnþmiTM Pikçev CÍvíkanM yTiTM bieNÐalüM } mñalPikçúTaMgLay karRtac;eTAbiNÐ)atenH KW CakarciBa©wmCÍvíttamvíFITabbMputénbNþavíFI ciBa©wmCÍvítTaMgLaydUecñHCaedÍm . eQµaHfa karBartNðakñúgrs)an eRBaHkarjúaMgGtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA edayPtþEdllayLMKña . eQµaHfa minRtÚvGabtþi eRBaHsikçabTTaMgLay manKNePaCnsikçabTCaedÍm edaysarkarminTTYlnimnþ . Pikçú eQµaHfa catuTÞiesa ¬ minCab;Canic©kñúgTisTaMg 4 ¦ eRBaHGtßfa RbRBwtþeTA)ankñúgTisTaMg 4 edayPaBCaGñkeTA)anmineTIsTak; . esckþI fa GaCÍvsS vísuCÄti ERbfa GaCÍv³rbs;elakeTIbhµt;ct; . Baküfa GñkciBa©wmxøÜnÉg mann½yfa Pikçú eQµaHfa CaGñkciBa©wmxøÜnÉgedaybc©½y TaMgLayEdlCarbs;tictYc minmaneTas nig rk)anedaygay . eRBaH karciBa©wmxøÜnÉgenH enaHÉg eTIbeQµaHfa minEmnCaGñkciBa©wmGñkdéT


335 mhadÍka biNÐ)atikgÁ

edaykarEdlminRtÚvciBa©wmGñkdéT sUm,IsT§ivíharikCaedÍm ehtueRBaHCa GñkenAEtmñak;Ég . elakGacarüsEmþgPaBCaGñkRbRBwtþRsal edaykar Rtac;eTAedaycIvrEdlCaeRKÓgrkSakay edaybiNÐ)atEdlCaeRKÓgrkSa épÞ / PaBCabuKÁlciBa©wmgay / PaBCaGñkR)afñatic nigesckþIsenþasTuk kñúgbTTaMgBIr ¬ CaGñkciBa©wmxøÜnÉg 1 CaGñkminciBa©wmGñkdéT 1 ¦ . Baküfa sUm,IeTvtaTaMgLayk¾RsLaj;rab;Gan mann½yfa sUm,I eTvtaTaMgLay manskáeTvraCCaedÍm k¾cUlcitþR)afña KW R)afñacMeBaH biNÐ)atikPikçúCaGñkmaMTaM KW s¶at;ehIy eRBaHPaBCaGñkmankaykmµ vcIkmµ nig menakmµs¶b;ehIy hYsBIkareRbób)an CaGñkmanstiGs;kalTaMgBYg eRBaHkarRbkbRBmedaysti nigPaBqøaty:agéRkElg . kaleFVIesckþI rab;GanCaeRcIn[ekIteLIgkñúgKuN mansIlCaedÍm rbs;biNÐ)atikPikçú enaH k¾rEmgeFVIkarykcitþTukdak;[ekIteLIg caM)ac;eBalfVÍdl;mnusS TaMgLay . esckþIfa ebIGñkenaHCaGñkminGaRs½ylaPskáar³ nig esckþIsresIr Bit KW minCaGñksgÇwmlaPCaedÍmenaH . kfaBN’naeday biNÐ)atikgÁ cb; ¬ cb;; mhadÍka ¦


336 vísuT§imKÁ sbTancarikgÁ

4 - sbTancarikgÁ viFIsmaTansbTancarikgÁ

sbTancarikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBaküBIrBaküenH BaküNamYy

KW ³ 1> elalub,carM bdíkçi)ami

´RBHkruNasUmXat;nUvkiriyaRtac;eTA biNÐ)attamPaBEdlelµaP . 2> sbTancarikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTannUvGgÁénPikçú Gñkmankiriya Rtac;eTAedÍm,IbiNÐ)at erogtamlMdab;énpÞHCaRbRktI .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgsbTancarikgÁ sbTancarikgÁPikçúenaH evlaEdlcUleTAkan;TVarRsúk RtÚvQrkMNt; emIlERkgCYnmanP½yGnþray RbsinebImanGnþrayNamYyehIy rMlg eTAkan;RsúkPUmidéTk¾)an . BMuenaH ebIpÞHNaRckRtg;NaEdlcMNaMEtmin )anGVIbnþicbnþÜcesaHenaH RtÚvsmÁal;fa minEmnCaRsúk ehIyKb,IbgðÜs eTAkan;TIdéTk¾KYr elakmin)anePaCntictYcenARtg;TVarpÞHNa b¤Rtg;Rck Na b¤pÞHNa Kb,IeFVIGKamsBaØa ehIyRtac;eTAkan;TIdéTeTotcuH EtebI Føab;)anGVIbnþicbnþÜcRtg;TINa nwgbgðÜsTIenaHmin)aneLIy PikçúenHKb,IcUl eTAkan;RsúkGMBIRBwkbnþic karBarERkgRtÚvlHbg;nUvTIEdlminsb,ayeday manGnþrayCaedÍm ehIybgðÜseTAkan;TIdéTeTot kMu[hYseBl . ebIman mnusSTaMgLaykMBugfVayTankñúgvíhar b¤eKCYbRbTHkNþalpøÚv ehIyeK yk)aRteTAdak;cgðan;mkRbeKn k¾KYrTTYl)an .


337 vísuT§imKÁ sbTancarikgÁ

PikçúenH kalebIkMBugedÍreTAtampøÚv ebICYbRbTHRsúkkñúgevlaPikçacar minRtÚvrMlghYseLIy eTaHbImin)anPikçaesaHkþI )anbnþicbnþÜckþI k¾RtÚvEt Rtac;eTAtamlMdab;énpÞH . enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ énsbTancarikgÁ enaH .

RbePTénsbTancarikgÁ sbTancarikgÁPikçúenH k¾mankarEckeTACa 3 fñak;dUcKña Pikçúfñak;]Rkidæ nwgTTYlyknUvcgðan;EdleKnaMmkGMBIxagmuxkþI BIxageRkaykþIBMu)an BMuenaH dl;RtLb;mkvíj ehIyTaykeKykcgðan;tammkRbeKnkþI k¾TTYlBuM)an dUcKña EtebIQrenAeTobTVarpÞH ehIyTayknaMyk)aRteTAdak;cgðan;mk RbeKnxøÜncaMEtTTYl)aRtenaHvíj KYr . BitehIy kñúgFutgÁenH ¬ PikçúGñkkan; y:ag]Rkidæ ¦ esµIedayRBHksb,etßrminman dUecñaH sUm,ITTYl)aRtrbs; RBHefr³k¾)andUcKña . Pikçúfñak;kNþal rEmgTTYlPikçaEdleKnaMmkBImuxkþI BIxageRkaykþI k¾ )an kalebIRtLb;mkvíjeKnaMykmkfVayk¾)an EtebIQrenACítTVarpÞH ehIyTayknaMyk)aRteTAdak;cgðan;mkRbeKn xøÜncaMEtTTYl)aRtvíjenaH KYr / EtminRtÚvGgÁúyrg;caMPikça edaykarminGgÁúyrg;caMPikçay:agenH eQµaH fa GnuelamtamPikçúkan;biNÐ)atfñak;]Rkidæ . Pikçúfñak;muTu ¬ Tab ¦ eTaHbIGgÁúyrg;caM ¬ Pikça ¦ dUecñaHk¾)an [EtenA kñúgéf¶enaH .

FutgÁEbkFøaykñúgsbTancarikgÁ FutgÁrbs;sbTancarikPikçú TaMg 3 CMBUkenH kalebIRtac;eTAbiNÐ)at


338 vísuT§imKÁ sbTancarikgÁ

edayPaBelµaPekIteLIg rEmgEbkqøaydUcKñaTaMg 3 .

GanisgSkñúgsbTancarikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenH KW ³ 1 - PaBCabuKÁlfµÍGs;kalCanic©kñúgRtkUlTaMgLay . 2 - PaBCabuKÁll¥¥dUcdYgcnÞ eRBaHminmankarCab;CMBak;kñúgRtkUl TaMgBYg . 3 - lHbg;nUvesckþIkMNaj;RtkUl)an . 4 - PaBCaGñkmanesckþIGnueRKaHesµIkñúgRtkUlTaMgGs; . 5 - minmaneTaskñúgkarcUleTAkan;RtkUl . 6 - mankiriyaminTTYleRtkGrnUvBaküEdleKehArkedaykarnimnþ . 7 - PaBCaGñkminmanesckþIRtÚvkaredayPikçaEdleKnaMmk[ . 8 - PaBCaGñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþd¾smKYrdl;Gb,icätaKuNCaedIm .

GvsanKafakñúgsbTancarikgÁ sbTancarikgÁPikçúkñúgsasnaenH CabuKÁll¥eRbóbdUcCadYgRBHcnÞ Ca buKÁlfµÍCanic©kñúgRtkUlTaMgLay CaGñkminkMNaj;RtkUl manesckþI GnueRKaHesµIcMeBaHTaykTaMgGs; CabuKÁlputRsLHcakeTasEdlekItBI kiriyacUleTAkan;RtkUl eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúEdlmanbBaØa kalebIR)afña Rtac;eTAelIEpndÍedayesrI k¾RtÚvlHbg;nUvkiriyaRtac;eTAedÍm,IbiNÐ)at tamPaBEdlelµaP RtÚvmanckçúsmøwgcuHeRkam RtÚvRkeLkemIlRtwmmYy CYrnwm ehIyKb,IRbRBwtþnUv sbTancarikgÁ enaHcuH . enHCaBaküBN’na karsmaTan víFI ¬bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nig


339 mhadÍka sbTancarikgÁ

GanisgSkñúgsbTancarikgÁenH .

mhadÍka BN’naGMBIsbTancarikgÁ Baküfa PikçúenH KW PikçúCasbTancarik³enH . Baküfa munevla KW )andl; evlaenaHÉg . Baküfa sßanTIEdlmanGnþray KWsßanTIEdlcUleTA)anedaylM)ak eRBaHTak;TgCamYynwgkarmanGnþrayCaedÍm . Baküfa xagmux KW xagmuxPikçúEdlkMBugedÍrtamfñl; EdlminTan;cUl eTAkan;pÞHenaHÉg . Baküfa EdlelakRbKl;)aRt )andl; Edl RBHefr³RbKl;)aRtenARtg;mat;TVarrbs;skáeTvraC EdlEkøgxøÜnCaCag tm,aj . PikçúEdlCabiNÐ)atik³RbePT]Rkidæ rEmgminGgÁúyTTYlPikça kñúgéf¶enaH eRBaHehtuenaH ¬ Pikçúkan;ykfñak;kNþal ¦ eTIbeQµaHfa GnuelamtamPikçúGñkkan;ykfñak;]RkidæenaH . eQµaHfa PaBCaGñkfµÍGs;kalCanic©kñúgRtkUlTaMgLay eRBaHmin mankarFøab;sÁal;Kña ehtueRBaHminmankarcUleTACaRbcaMkñúgRtkUlNa ² . eQµaHfa PaBCabuKÁll¥dUcdYgcnÞ eRBaHkarmancitþminCab;kñúgRtkUl TaMgLay nig eRBaHmanPaBRtCak; . eRBaHminmancitþhYgEhgkñúgRtkUl TaMgLay eTIbmankarlHbg;nUvesckþIkMNaj;kñúgRtkUlTaMgLayenaH )an . eQµaHfa PaBCaGñkmankarGnueRKaHesµIkñúgRtkUlTaMgGs; eRBaH PaBCaPikçúmankarEsVgrknUvRbeyaCn_ minmankarEbgEck . karkan;yk


340 mhadÍka sbTancarikgÁ

rYmKña nig PaBCaGñksñiT§sñalkñúgRtkUlTaMgLayCaedÍm eQµaHfa eTas kñúgPaBCakulubkPikçú . Baküfa minmankareRtkGrnwgBaküEdleKehArk KW minRtÚvkar TTYlkarehAeQµaHEdlTak;Tgnwgkarnimnþ . Baküfa EdleKnaMmk[ KW edaykarnaMmkcMeBaHnUvPikça . Baküfa karRtac;eTAedayesrI KW karRtac;eTAedaykareBjcitþ . BN’naGMBIsbTancarikgÁ cb;; ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


341 vísuT§imKÁ ÉkasnikgÁ

5 - ÉkasnikgÁ viFIsmaTanÉkasnikgÁ

bnÞab;GMBIsbTancarikgÁmk nwgBN’naGMBIÉkasnikgÁteTA kñúg ÉkasnikgÁenH k¾man)alIsRmab;smaTanCa 2 EbbdUcKña ³ 1 - nanasnePaCnM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNasUmXat;nUvkiriyabriePaK ePaCnkñúgGasn³epSg ² . 2 - ÉkasnikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTannUvGgÁrbs; PikçúGñkmankiriyabriePaKnUvePaCn Et kñúgGasn³ 1 CaRbRktI .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgÉkasnikgÁ ÉkasnikgÁenaH kalGgÁúykñúgsalaqan; minRtÚvGgÁúyelIefrasn³ eLIy RtÚvkMNt;Gasn³EdlsmKYrdl;xøÜnCamunsinswmGgÁúy ebIkMBugqan; minTan;rYc ehIyGacarü b¤]bCÄay_nimnþmkdl; k¾KYrnwgeRkakeTAeFVIvtþ)an cMENkÉRBHtibidækcULaPyetßreBalfa Gasn³Kb,IrkSa karqan;Kb,IrkSa ¬ min[FutgÁ ¦ EbkFøayk¾eday EtRBHPikçúenHCaGñkqan;rYcehIy eRBaH ehtuenaH cUreFVIvtþcuH EtminRtÚvRtLb;mkqan;ePaCneToteLIy . enHCavíFI ¬bdíbtþi ¦ énÉkasnikgÁPikçúenaH .

RbePTénÉkasnikgÁ

eBaledayRbePTÉkasnikPikçúenHman 3 fñak; ³ Pikçúfñak;]Rkidæ EtlUkédcuHeTAkñúgePaCnNaehIy eTaHbIePaCnenaH


342 vísuT§imKÁ ÉkasnikgÁ

tickþI eRcInkþI k¾RtÚvqan;Etb:ueNÑaH nwgTTYlePaCndéTeTotmin)aneLIy EtebImnusSTaMgLayeKKiteXIj RBHefr³enHmin)anqan;cgðan;esaH b¤ qan;EtbnþicbnþÜc ehIyeKnaMyksb,iCaedÍmmkRbeKn vtßúTaMgenaH ebIPikçú TTYledÍm,IeRbIR)as;CaePsC¢³ )an ebITTYledÍm,ICaGahar min)aneLÍy . Pikçúfñak;kNþal ebIPtþkñúg)aRtminTan;Gs;drabNa k¾GacnwgTTYl ePaCndéT)andrabenaH . PikçúenH eQµaHfa ePaCnbriynþieka manTIbMput RtwmePaCn . Pikçúfñak;muTu ebIminTan;eRkakcakGasn³drabNa k¾GacedÍm,Iqan;nUv ePaCndéT)andrabenaH . PikçúenH eQµaHfa ]Tkbriynþieka manTIbMput RtwmTwkdUecñHk¾)an eRBaHfa ebIminTan;TTYlTwklag)aRtdrabNa enAqan; )andrabenaH b¤ nwgehAfa Gasnbriynþieka manTIbMputRtwmGasn³ dUecñHk¾)an eRBaHfa ebIminTan;eRkakcakGasn³drabNa enAqan;)an drabenaH .

FutgÁEbkFøaykñúgÉkasnikgÁ FutgÁrbs;PikçúTaMg 3 fñak;enH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³EdlPikçúTaMgenaH briePaKePaCnkñúgGasn³epSg ² enHCakarEbkFøaykñúgÉkasnikgÁenH .

GanisgSkñúgÉkasnikgÁ GanisgSmandUcteTAenH KW ³ 1 - PaBCaGñkmanGaBaFtic . 2 - PaBCaGñkrs;enAminlM)ak KW minmanTukçlM)akkñúgsrIr³ . 3 - mankiriyaeRkakeLIgrh½s .


343 vísuT§imKÁ ÉkasnikgÁ

4 - mankmøaMgmaMmYn . 5 - mankiriyaenACasuxsb,ay . 6 - minRtÚvGabtþieRBaHbc©½yénkiriyabriePaKnUvGntiritþePaCn. 7 - mankiriyabg¥n;nUvcMNg;kñúgrs . 8 - PaBCaGñkmankarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;Gb,icätaKuNCaedÍm .

GvsanKafakñúgÉkasnikgÁ eraKTaMgLay EdlmankarbriePaKnUvePaCnCabc©½y[ekIt rEmgmin ebotebonnUvRBHeyaKI GñkeRtkGrkñúgkarbriePaKnUvePaCnEtkñúgGasn³ 1 eLIy eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIGñkmancitþbrisuT§ Kb,IjúaMgesckþIeRtkGr [ekIteLIgkñúgÉkasnikgÁ EdlCaehtuénkarenACasuxsb,ay EdlPikçú eRtkGrkñúgseløxKuNd¾s¥atRbRBwtþcuH . enHCakarBN’nakarsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nig GanisgSkñúgÉkasnikgÁenH .

mhadÍka BN’naGMBIÉkasnikgÁ bTfa nanasnePaCnM ERbfa karqan;elIGasn³eRcInkEnøg mankar smÁal;fa minqan;edaykarGgÁúyEtmYyRKab:ueNÑaH Etqan;Gaharedaykar ePaCnEdlPíkçúhamePaCnrYcehÍy dl;eRkakcakGasn³ enaHeTA eTÍb)anmkCaxageRkay ehIymin)aneFVIvín½ykmµ[KYr ¬ bzmbvarNa sikçabT ¦ .




344 vísuT§imKÁ ÉkasnikgÁ

GgÁúyEtmYyelIk . Baküfa ¬ Gasn³ ¦ EdlsmKYr )andl; ¬ Gasn³ ¦ EdlmansPaB smKYr KW EdlKYrtaMgTuktamlMdab; . Baküfa karEdlelakeRkak eLÍgeFVIvtþrEmgKYr KW kalEdlelakeFVIvtþrEmgRtwmRtÚv . eQµaHfa vtþ )andl; kic©EdlKb,IeFVIkñúgbuKÁlEdltaMgenAkñúgzan³KYreKarBenaHÉg . edÍm,InwgsEmþgvíFIbdíbtþikñúgvtþenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBaldl;vaT³rbs; RBHefr³Edlfa karGgÁúyk¾eday ePaCnk¾eday nwgKb,IrkSaTukdUecñH CaedÍm . vaT³rbs;RBHefr³enaH manxøwmsarfa karGgÁúynwgKb,IrkSaÉkasnik PikçúEdlkMBugqan; k¾mankareBalGFib,ayfa minKYreRkakeLÍgrhUtdl; qan;rYc eRBaHFutgÁmankarEbkFøay)an b¤ ePaCnnwgrkSaPikçúGñkminTan; )anqan;[putBIkarEbkFøayénFutgÁ manesckþIfa KYreRkakeLÍg)andrab NaEdlenAminTan;)anqan; GFib,ayfa EteRBaHehtuTI 2 esckþIenaHmin mankñúgvar³enH eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbRtÚvrkSakareFVIvtþ kMurkSaFutgÁdUecñH . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { EtfaPikçúrUbenH } dUecñHCaedÍm . edayBaküfa { edÍm,ICaePsC¢³b:ueNÑaH } enH elaksEmþgfa sUm,I ePaCn manTwkedaHCUrCaedÍm rEmgsmKYredayTak;TgkñúgkareRbICa ePsC¢³b:ueNÑaH . Baküfa PaBCaGñkmanGaBaFtic KW PaBCaGñkminmaneraK . Baküfa PaBCaGñkmanTukçtic KW PaBCaGñkminlM)ak )andl; minman TukçkñúgsrIr³ . Baküfa mansPaBrh½srhYn )andl; mankarpøas;bþÚrragkay)an rh½s .


345 mhadÍka ÉkasnikgÁ

Baküfa mankmøaMg KW mankmøaMgénsrIr³ . Baküfa enACapasuk KW enACasux . BaküsUm,ITaMgGs;enHCabT EdlhamPaBvíkar ¬ PaBxusRbRktI ¦ EdlekIteLIgeRBaHkarqan;eRcIndg Cabc©½y . bTfa ruCa ERbfa eraKTaMgLay . Baküfa minjúaMgkmµrbs;xøÜn ¬ [vínasGs;eTA ¦ )andl; mineFVI eyaKkmµ ¬ karbMeBjBüayam ¦ rbs;xøÜn[vínas Gs;eTA TaMgmuneBlqan; TaMgeRkayeBlqan; GFib,ayfa mineFVI[vínas)at;bg;eTA edaykarmin rvl;GMBl;kñúgkarqan;eRcIndg nig edayPaBminmaneraK . cb; kfaeBaledayÉkasnikgÁ ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


346 vísuT§imKÁ btþbiNÐikgÁ

6 - btþbiNÐikgÁ karsmaTanbtþbiNÐikgÁ

sUm,IbtþbiNÐikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTaneday BaküTaMgBIrenH BaküNa mYyKW ³ 1 - TutiyPaCnM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNa sUmXat;nUvPaCn³ Ca KRmb; 2. 2 - btþbiNÐikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTannUvGgÁrbs; Pikçú GñkmankiriyabriePaKnUvePaCnkñúg )aRt 1 CaRbRktI .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgbtþbiNÐikgÁ btþbiNÐikPikçúenaH kñúgevlahutbbr kal)anmðÚbdak;kñúgPaCn³ehIy KYrqan;mðÚbmun b¤ qan;bbrmunk¾)an eRBaHebIeyIglaymðÚbcuHkñúgbbr kalmðÚb manRbhukCaedÍm dak;cUlkñúgbbrnwgbdíkUl KYrex<Im kalPikçú qan; Kb,IeFVI[Carbs;minCabdíkUlsinswmqan; eTIbKYr. ehtuenaH esckþI enH ´RBHkruNaeBalsMedAykmðÚbEbbenaH EtvtßúNaCarbs;minKYrex<Im dUcCaTwkXµMú nigsárEpn vtßúenaH Kb,Idak;cUleTA)an EtkalnwgTTYl ¬ vtßú enaH ¦ Kb,ITTYlEtlµmRbmaNeRbIéd ¬ mçag ¦ kan;bEnøRss; nigdMLÚgeqA qan;k¾KYr EtebImineFVIdUecñaH k¾RtÚvdak;cuHkñúg)aRtb:ueNÑaH k¾eRBaHham PaCn³TI 2 rbs;déTsUm,IsøwkeQI ykmkdak; k¾minKYreLÍy . enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ énbtþbiNÐikPikçúenaH .


347 vísuT§imKÁ btþbiNÐikgÁ

RbePTénbtþbiNÐikPikçú

eBaledayRbePT btþbiNÐikPikçúenH k¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUkenaH sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ nwgecalkak ¬ lµmqan;)an ¦ k¾minKYr evorEt kakGMeBA ¬edayehaceTAsUm,I ¦ ebHduM)ayRtI sac; nig nM ¬ CacMENk ² ¦ k¾minKYr ¬ eRBaHnaM[ekItrstNða ¦ . PikçúGñkkan;fñak;kNþal eRbIédebHqan;k¾KYr PikçúGñkkan;fñak; kNþalenH eTIbeQµaHfa htßeyaKI ¬ eyaKIéd ¦ . cMENkPikçúGñkkan;fñak;Tab eQµaHfa btþeyaKI ¬ eyaKI)aRt ¦ sRmab; Gñkkan;fñak;TabenaH vtßúNaGacdak;cuHkñúg)aRt)an GacebHvtßúenaHeday éd b¤ edayeFµjTMBasIu)anTaMgGs; .

karEbkFøayénbtþbiNÐikgÁ FutgÁrbs;btþbiNÐikPikçúTaMg 3 CMBUkenH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³Edl eRtkGrkñúgPaCn³TI 2 . enHKWCakarEbkFøaykñúgbtþbiNÐikgÁ .

GanisgSénbtþbiNÐikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenHKW ³ 1 - benÞabg;tNðakñúgrsepSg ² )an . 2 - lHbg;karelµaPeRcIn ¬ kñúgGahar ¦ )an . 3 - CaGñkeXIjnUvRbmaNénRbeyaCn_kñúgGahar . 4 - minmanesckþIlM)akkñúgkarrkSaPaCn³ manfasCaedÍm . 5 - minCaGñkraymay ¬ sav:a ¦ kñúgkarbriePaK . 6 - mankarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;FutFm’ mankarR)afñaticCaedÍm .


348 mhadÍka btþbiNÐikgÁ

GvsanKafakñúgbtþbiNÐikgÁ

buKÁlÉNa nwgKb,ICaGñkmanEPñkdak;cuH lHbg;nUvPaBraymaykñúg ePaCnepSg ² CaGñkmanvtþl¥ Kas;rMelIgb£sKl;énrstNðaecal dUcCa CÍkb£seQIecal CaGñkmancitþbrisuT§ RTRTg;TuknUvesckþIsenþas hak;dUc CaRTRTg;TuknUvrUbkayrbs;xøÜn ¬Gac¦ briePaKGahar ¬cRmúH¦ )an ¬ buKÁl enH ¦ k¾KW btþbiNÐikPikçúenaHÉg . enHCaBaküBN’na karsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nig GanisgSénbtþbiNÐikgÁenH.

mhadÍka BN’nakfakñúgbtþbiNÐikgÁ Baküfa KYreFIVmin[Carbs;bdíkUlehIybriePaK GFib,ayfa kal briePaKnUvGaharEdlCabdíkUl k¾nwgKb,ImankartaMgenAmin)an k¾)an . Baküfa KYrnwgTTYlyklµmRbmaNb:ueNÑaH esckþIfa minKb,ITTYl ykeRcIn edayKitfa { eyIgTTYlykRtwmEtPaCn³ 1 b:ueNÑaH } dUecñHehIy RtÚvecaleTA . Baküfa benÞabg;tNðakñúgrsepSg ² )an KW benÞabg; tNðakñúgePaCn manrsepSg ² )an . buKÁleQµaHfa GñkelµaPeRcIn eRBaHGtßfa manesckþIRtÚvkarkñúgrs epSg ² EdltaMgenAkñúgPaCn³epSg ² PaCn³enaH PaCn³enH / Pav³én buKÁlEdlCaGñkelµaPenaH eQµaHfa karR)afñaeRcIn )andl; lHbg;esckþI R)afñaeRcInenaH)an . Baküfa CaGñkeXIjRbmaNénRbeyaCn_kñúgGahar KW CaGñkmineFVInUv


349 mhadÍka btþbiNÐikgÁ

nUvcMNg;kñúgrsepSg ² EdlminlayLMKña eXIjRtwmEtRbeyaCn_Edl RBHsasþaRTg;GnuBaØatTukkñúgGahar . eRBaHkarEdlPikçúGñkkan;ykmðÚb Edldak;enAkñúgPaCn³TaMgLay rMElkCa 1 PaCn_ ² mankarnwkeTAkñúg PaCn_enaH ² eTIbKb,ICaGñkbriePaKraymay / sRmab;PikçúGñksmÁal; cMeBaHEtGaharEdlenAkñúgEt)aRtmYyenH minGacCaGñkraymaykñúgkar briePaKy:agenaHeLÍy eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { manPaBCa GñkminraymaykñúgkarbriePaK } dUecñH . Baküfa manEPñkdak;cuH KW manckççúsmøwgcuHeRkam eRBaHPaBCaGñksmÁal;enAEtkñúg)aRt . Baküfa Kb,IbriePaK KW GacnwgbriePaK . cb; kfaBN’nabtþbiNÐikgÁ ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


350 vísuT§imKÁ xlubc©aPtþikgÁ

7 - xlubcäaPtþikgÁ karsmaTanxlubcäaPtþikgÁ

sUm,IxlubcäaPtþikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBaküTaMgBIrEbbenH Na mYyk¾)an ³ 1 - GtiritþePaCnM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNasUmevorcakePaCnEdlCa GtiritþePaCn . 2 - xlubcäaPtþikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTannUvGgÁrbs; PikçúEdlminqan;bcäaPtþCaRbRktI .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgxlubcäaPtþikgÁ k¾PikçúxlubcäaPtþikenaH hamPtþehIy nwg[eFVIePaCnCakb,iy ehIy qan;eTotmin)aneLÍy . enHCa víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ énxlubcäaPtþikPikçúenaH .

RbePTénxlubcäaPtþikPikçú eBaledayRbePT sUm,IxlubcäaPtþikPikçúenH k¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUkenaH elakEdlkan;fñak;]Rkidæ EdlehAfa hamnUvePaCnenaHmin EdlmanenAkñúgdMu)ayCadMbUgeLÍy luHRtaEtPikçúkMBugelbcUlnUvdMu)ayCa dMbUgenaH ehIyXat;nUvePaCndéT eTIb)aneQµaHfa ham KWfa ebIPikçúmin Tan;)anqan;esaH eTaHbIXat;nUvePaCndéT k¾min)aneQµaHfa ham luHEt )anqan;xøH edayehaceTAsUm,IRtwmEtmYydMu ehIyXat;nUvePaCndéT eTIb)aneQµaHfa ham eRBaHehtuenaH Pikçúfñak;]RkidæEthamePaCny:ag


351 vísuT§imKÁ xlubc©aPtþikgÁ

enHehIy nwg qan;nUvdMu)ayCaKRmb;BIrmin)aneLÍy . Pikçúfñak;kNþal ePaCnNaEdlxøÜnkMBugqan; ehIyhamnUvePaCndéT k¾Gacnwgqan;nUvePaCnEdlxøÚnkMBugqan;enaHRtaEtGs;)an Etnwgqan; ePaCndéTeTotmin)aneLÍy . Pikçúfñak;Tab ebIminTan;eRkakcakGasn³drabNa enAqan;)andrab enaH .

karEbkFøayénxlubcäaPtþikgÁ FutgÁrbs;xlubcäaPtþikPikçúTaMg 3 CMBUkenH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³ Edlelakham ¬ ePaCn ¦ ehIy[eFVICakb,iyqan; enHCakarEbkFøaykñúg xlubcäaPtþikgÁenH .

GanisgSénxlubcäaPtþikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenH ³ 1 - CaGñkq¶ayGMBIkarRtÚvGabtþi eRBaHqan;GntiritþePaCn . 2 - minmankarENneBaH . 3 - minmankarsnSMGamis . 4 - ¬ qan;ehIy ¦ mincaM)ac;EsVgrkeTot . 5 - mankarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;FutFm’ mankarR)afñaticCaedÍm .

GvsanKafakñúgxlubcäaPtþikgÁ xlubcäaPtþikeyaKImanbBaØa rEmgminlM)akkñúgkarEsVgrk mineFVIsn§i )at;nUvPaBtwgeBaH eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIGñkR)afñanwgkm©at;nUveTas


352 mhadÍka xlubc©aPtþikgÁ

TaMgLay Kb,IesBFutgÁenH EdlRBHsuKtCam©as;RTg;sresIr EdlCa ehtu[ekItesckþIceRmInedayKuN manKuN KW esckþIsenþasCaedÍm ehag . enHCaBaküBN’nakarsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbk Føay nig GanisgSkñúgxlubcäaPtþikgÁenH .

mhadÍka kfaeBaledayxlubcäaPtþikgÁ ePaCnÉNa EdleKnaMcUleTARbeKndl;PikçúGñkkMBugqan; eRBaHkar bdíesFn_énPikçúenaH ePaCnenaHcat;CaePaCnelIskMNt; eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbehAfa GtiritþePaCn eQµaHfa minKYreFIVePaCn[Cakb,iy ehIy qan;eTot / k¾eRBaHFutgÁenH manGtiritþePaCnenaHCavís½y ¬ KWCavtßúEdl FutgÁenHRtÚvbdíesF ¦ . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIIbelakGacarüeBalfa { enH Caví CavíFIbdíbtþiénPikçúGñkkan;xlubcäaPtþikenaH } dUecñH. Baküfa ¬hamPtþehIy¦ kñúgePaCnNa KW ¬hamPtþehIy¦ kñúgePaCn EdlelakkMBugqan;ÉNa eQµaHfa qan;)anEtePaCnenaHb:ueNÑaH KW qan; ePaCndéTmin)an . GabtþieRBaHkarqan;GntiritþePaCnCabc©½y eQµaHfa GabtþieRBaHkarqan;GntiritþePaCn / eQµaHfa PaBCaGñkq¶aycakGabtþienaH KW karminRtÚvGabtþi . eQµaHfa karENneBaH )andl; PaBRsvåg KW PaB CaGñkeFVIeBaH[eBj / eQµaHfa minmanPaBENneBaHenaH k¾eRBaHkareFVI GtþPaB[RbRBwtþeTA sUm,IedaybiNÐ)atmYydMu . eQµaHfa minmankarsnSM Gamis eRBaHminmankareRbIR)as;vtßúEdlsnSMTuk .


353 mhadÍka xlubc©aPtþikgÁ

eQµaHfa minRbRBwtþeTAkan;PaBlM)akeRBaHkarEsVgrk k¾eday Tak;TinCamYykarEdlRtÚvEsVgrkeTot . eRBaHjúaMgPaBceRmInénKuN TaMgLay manesckþIsenþasCaedÍm Edldusxat; ¬ kiels ¦ y:agéRk Elg[ekIteLÍg eQµaHfa ehtu júaMgPaBceRmInénKuNTaMgLay manesckþIsenþasCaedÍm[ekIteLÍg . Baküfa FutgÁRbkarenH KW matika xlubcäaPtþikgÁ . cb; kfaBN’naxlubcäaPtþikgÁ ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


354 vísuT§imKÁ GarBaØikgÁ

8 - GarBaØikgÁ karsmaTanGarBaØikgÁ

sUm,IGarBaØikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBakü 2 BaküenH BaküNamYy k¾)an ³ 1- KamnþesnasnM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNasUmevorcakesnasn³kñúg cenøaHRsúk . ´RBHkruNasUmsmaTanGgÁénPikçúGñk 2 - GarBaØikgÁM smaTiyami mankiriyaenAéRBCaRbRktI .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgGarBaØikgÁ k¾GarBaØikPikçúenaH Kb,IlHbg;esnasn³cenøaHRsúkecal ehIyjúaMg GruN[taMgeLÍgkñúgéRBcuH .

vinicä½yesnasn³éRB RsúkRBmTaMg]bcar³RsúkenaHÉg eQµaHfa esnasn³cenøaHRsúk kñúg BaküenaH RsúkmanxÞm1 b¤eRcInxñgk¾eday manrbgB½T§ b¤ minmanrbgB½T§ k¾eday manmnusSrs;enAk¾eday b¤ minmanmnusSrs;enAk¾eday y:agNa mYy eQµaHfa Rsúk edayehaceTA sUm,IRkúmreTHNa ² Edlctsñak;enA elIsBI 4 Ex k¾eQµaHfa Rsúk sRmab;RsúkEdlmanrbgB½T§ ebIman \nÞxIl ¬ FrNITVar ¦ 2Can; dUcGnuraFbur³ TIEdlduMdÍFøak;edaymCÄímburs d¾mankmøaMg QrRtg;\nÞxIlCan;xagkñúg ¬ RKEvgeTAeBjTMhwg ¦ eQµaHfa ]bcar³Rsúk RBHvín½yFrTaMgLayeBalfa lkçN³mü:agénelDÐú)atenaH


355 vísuT§imKÁ GarBaØikgÁ

k¾KW rYmykkñúgTIEdlFøak;cuHénduMdÍEdlRKEvgeTA ¬ eBjkmøaMg ¦ énBYkekµg kMelaH kalnwgsEmþgkmøaMgrbs;xøÜn latédRKEvgdMudÍeTA ¬ edaykmøaMg ¦ dUecñaH . cMENkGacarü xagRBHsURteBalfa xagkñúgTIEdlFøak;cuHénduMdÍ EdlRKEvgeTA¬ lµm ¦ RbEhlKñanwgedjEk¥k eQµaHfa elDÐú)at . Kb,IRCabvínicä½ykñúgRsúkEdlKµanrbgfa ®sþIQrRtg;TVarpÞHEdlenA eRkayeKbg¥s;)acTwkeTAdl;TINa TITwkFøak;enaH eQµaHfa ]bcar³pÞH elDÐú)atTI1 edayn½yEdleBalehIyGMBI]bcar³pÞHenaH eQµaHfa]bcar³ Rsúk / elDÐú)atTI2 Ca]bcar³énRsúk . cMENkéRB eBaltampøÚvRBHvín½y elakeBalTukfa TITaMgBYg evorEt Rsúk nig]bcarénRsúkecjenaH eQµaHfa éRB . pøÚvRBHGPiFmµeBalfa TITaMgBYgxageRkAGMBI\nÞxIlecjeTA eQµaHfa éRB . EtlkçN³Edl eBalxagpøÚvRBHsURtfa TImanry³cm¶ay 500 CYrFñÚ y:agtic eQµaHfa esnasn³éRB / enHCalkçN³kñúgBaküfa éRB enH . esnasn³éRBenaH sRmab;RsúkEdlmanrbgB½T§ Kb,IkMNt;vas;GMBI\nÞxIledaydgFñÚrbs; GacarüEdlvas; ehIysRmab;RsúkEdlminmanrbgB½T§ Kb,IkMNt;vas; cab;epþÍmGMBIelDÐú)atTI 1 rhUtdl;rbgvíhar . kñúgGdækfaRBHvín½y TaMgLayeBalfa ebIvíharEdlminmanrbg esnasn³EdlenAedÍmeK b¤ eragPtþ b¤ kEnøgRbCMuCaRbcaM edÍmeBaF× b¤ ectiyNa sUm,Ifa enAq¶ayGMBI esnasn³ecjeTA Kb,IeFVITIenaH[CaEdnkMNt;sRmab;vas;cuH . cMENkkñúgGdækfa mCÄímnikayeBalfa Kb,Ivas;]bcar³ sUm,I]bcar³ víhar Rtg;eTAkñúgrvag 2 elDÐú)at dUcvas;]bcar³Rsúk . enHCaRbmaN kñúgvíFIvas;enH . sUm,IebIRsúkenACít PikçúenAkñúgvíhar)anB¤sMeLgGñkRsúk EtminGacnwgedÍrRtg;eTA ¬ kan;RsúkenaH ¦ )an eRBaHmanPñM b¤ sÞwgCaedÍm


356 vísuT§imKÁ GarBaØikgÁ

x½NÐenAkñúgrvagenaH pøÚvNaEdlCapøÚvFmµtarbs;RsúkenaH sUm,IebInwg RtÚveTAedayTUk k¾Kb,Ikan;yk 500 CYrFñÚ edaypøÚvenaH . EtPikçúNaEkøg biTpøÚvRtg;TIenaH² ¬ EdlCapøÚvedÍrRtg;eTAkan;Rsúk)an mindl; 500 CYrFñÚ ¦ ecal edÍm,IjúaMgGgÁénRsúkCít[dl;RBm ¬ KWedÍm,IedÍrvagEGbeTA[)an kMNt; 500 CYrFñÚ dUclkçN³RsúkCít mansÞwgx½NÐdUceBalxagedÍm ¦ Pikçú enaH eQµaHfa FutgÁecar . k¾ebI]bCÄay_ b¤Gacarürbs;GarBaØikPikçúmanCMgÅ GarBaØikPikçúrkTIsb,ay ¬ kEnøgEdlEfTaMGacarü ¦ min)an k¾Kb,InaMelak eTAkan;esnasn³kñúgRsúk ]bdæakelakcuH. EtGarBaØikPikçú Kb,IecjeTABI ggåt júaMgGruN[rHeLÍgkñúgTIEdlRbkbedayGgÁ . ebIkñúgevlaGruNrH eLÍg GaBaFrbs;GacarüerIeLÍg k¾KYreFVIkic©edÍm,IelakenaHcuH . minKb,I CaFutgÁsuT§ik ¬ GñkKitEtGMBIrkSaFutgÁ[brisuT§Etmü:ag ¦ enaHeLÍy .

RbePTénGarBaØikgÁ eBaledayRbePT sUm,IGarBaØikPikçúenHk¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUkenaH elakGñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ RtÚvjúaMgGruN[taMgeLÍgkñúgéRBrhUtGs;kal TaMgBYg . Gñkkan;fñak;kNþal rEmg)anedÍm,InwgenAkñúgesnasn³kñúgRsúkGs; kal 4 Ex EdlCardUvePøóg . Gñkkan;fñak;Tab rEmg)anedÍm,InwgenA 4 Ex naehmnþrdUvpg .

karEbkFøayénGarBaØikgÁ k¾kalGarBaØikgÁTaMg 3 BYkenH mkGMBIéRBkñúgevlaEdl)ankMNt;Tuk ehIyy:agNa kMBugsþab;Fm’kñúgesnasn³kñúgRsúk sUm,IrhUtdl;GruNrH


357 vísuT§imKÁ GarBaØikgÁ

eLÍg FutgÁk¾rEmgminEbkFøay sþab;Fm’ehIyeTA sUm,IGruNrHeLÍgkñúg rvagpøÚvFutgÁk¾minEbkFøay EtebI RBHFmµkfíkeRkakcakGasn³ehIy GarBaØikPikçúKitfa edkbnþicsin ehIyswmeTA dUecñH ehIyedkrhUtdl; GruNrHeLÍg b¤fa júaMgGruN[rHeLÍgkñúgesnasn³kñúgRsúk tamkareBj citþrbs;xøÜn FutgÁrEmgEbkFøayedayBit . enHCakarEbkFøaykñúg GarBaØikgÁenH .

GanisgSénGarBaØikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUecñH KW ³ 1 - GarBaØikPikçúeFVIesckþIsmÁal;fa éRB Tukkñúgcitþ rEmgCaGñkKYredÍm,I nwg)ansmaFiEdlenAminTan;)anxøH edÍm,InwgrkSasmaFiEdl)anehIyxøH. 2 - sUm,IRBHsasþak¾RTg;sresIrcMeBaHGarBaØikPikçú dUcEdlRTg;Rtas; fa mñalnaKit³ eRBaHehtuenaH tfaKtmancitþeRtkGredaykarenAéRB rbs;PikçúenaH . 3 - GnþrayTaMgLaymanrUbEdlminCaTIsb,ayCaedÍm rEmgminrMxan citþrbs;GarBaØikPikçúEdlenAkñúgesnasn³d¾s¶at; . 4 - elakrEmg)at;karP½yxøac . 5 - rEmglHbg;karCab;CMBak;kñúgCÍvít)an . 6 - rEmgeRtkGrkñúgrsénesckþIsuxEdlekItGMBIvíevk . 7 - PaBCaGñkRTRTg;sMBt;bgSúkUlCaedÍm rEmgCaPav³smsYn dl; elak .


358 mhadÍka GarBaØikgÁ

GvsanKafakñúgGarBaØikgÁ

Gñkmanvtþd¾s¶at; minRcLÚkRcLM¬CamYyGñkdéT¦ eRtkGrkñúgesnasn³ Edls¶at; GacjúaMgRBHvín½yrbs;RBHelaknafCam©as; [RTg;eRtkGreRBaH karenAéRB karGaRs½yenAkñúgéRBEtmñak;Ég rEmg)anesckþIsuxÉNa sUm,IeTvtaRBmTaMgRBH\nÞ k¾min)anrsénesckþIsuxenaHEdr ehIyRBH eyaKIenaHÉgRTRTg;TuknUvsMBt;bgSúkUl bIdUcCaeRKÓgeRkaH cUlkan; s®gÁam KW éRBmanFutgÁd¾essCaGavuF k¾GacnwgQñHmarRBmTaMgBahn³ )an minyUreLÍy eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúEdlCabNÐit Kb,IeFVIesckþIeRtkGr kñúgkarenAéRBcuH . enHCaBaküBN’nakarsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nig GanisgSkñúgGarBaØikgÁ enH .

mhadÍka BN’naGarBaØikgÁ kñúgBaküfa Kb,IlHesnasn³cenøaHRsúkecj ehIyjúaMgGruN [rHeLIgkñúgéRBcuH enHelakGacarübMNgsEmþgesnasn³kñúgRsúk nig éRBedayPav³EdlmanenA ¬ kñúgRBH)alI ¦ eTIbepþÍmBaküfa { kñúgBaküfa esnasn³kñúgRsúkenaH ¬ KW ¦ RsúkRBmCamYynwg]bcarRsúk } dUecñH CaedÍm. kñúgBaküTaMgenaH elakGacarüeBalfa { Rsúk nig]bcar³Rsúk enaHÉg eQµaHfa esnasn³cenøaHRsúk } dUecñH eRBaHPaBEdl esnasn³cenøaHRsúkCab;Tak;TgcUlkñúgRsúk . P¢ab;esckþIfa sUm,IreTH mYyeRKÓgk¾eQµaHfa Rsúk . bTfa \nÞxIla ERbfa FrNITVar . Baküfa


359 mhadÍka GarBaØikgÁ

énesnasn³cenøaHRsúkenaH )andl; karecaldMudÍ[Føak;eTA . eday briyayRBHvín½y lkçN³rbs;éRBmkehIykñúg)araCíksikçabTGTinñaTan.

BitNas; kñúgsikçabTmatikaenH lkçN³rbs;éRBmkkñúgeKalkMNt;dl; sßanTIénkarlYc Tukedayminsl;fa Kama va GrBaØa va GMBIRsúkkþI GMBIéRBkþI CaedÍm ¬ esckþITaMgGs;fa PikçúNamYykan;ykrbs;EdleKmin)an[ GMBI RsúkkþI GMBIéRBkþI rab;faCakarlYc . l . Pikçúkan;ykrbs;EdleKmin)an [y:agenaH y:agenHcat;Ca)araCíkrksgVasKµan ¦ elakGacarübMNgnwg sEmþgnUv Rsúk nigéRBTaMgBIry:agenaH mineFVI[layLMKña eTIbeBalfa { TITaMgBYgelIkElgEtRsúk } dUecñHCaedÍm . BitNas; kñúgpøÚvelak TICítRsúkk¾rEmgdl;nUvkarrab;fa CaRsúkpg Edr EtebIeBaledaynib,riyay sßanTIEdlputeTAGMBIRsúk k¾Gaccat;fa CaéRB)anEdr eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgRBHGPiFmµeTIbRTg;Rtas;Tukfa {ninikçmitVa Bhi \nÞxIla sBV sBVemtM GrBaØM } xageRkAGMBI\nÞxIlecjeTATITaMgGs;enH eQµaHfa éRBdUecñH . edaybriyaykñúgRBHsURt RTg;Rtas;sMedAykPikçú EdlenAkñúgéRBEdlmkehIykñúgGrBaØiksikçabTfa { sßanTImanry³cm¶ay 500 CYrFñÚ y:agtic } dUecñH . BitNas; PikçúrUbenaHelakmineBalkñúg RBHsURtfa { CaGñkEdlenAkñúgéRBmanesnasn³d¾s¶at; ehtu eRBaHkar enAkñúgéRB } EdlmanbriyayRBHvín½y ¬ RtÚvCaéRBEdlmanbriyaykñúg RBHsURt ¦ . EteBlenHCakarBN’naRBHsURt eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTIenH BakübriyaykñúgRBHsURtb:ueNÑaH CaRbmaNkñúgbTTaMgBYg . eRBaHehtu enaH elakGacarükalnwgsEmþgeBalnUvlkçN³ ¬ rbs;éRB ¦ Edlmkkñúg RBHsURtenHb:ueNÑaH EdlKYrkan;yk dUecñH eTIbelakeBaldl;vtþvíFITuk edayBaküfa { esnasn³éRBenaH . l . edaydgFñÚénGacarüEdldak;


360 mhadÍka GarBaØikgÁ

cuHdUecñHCaedÍm . k¾eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak)aneBaldl;n½ykñúgGdækfamCÄímnikay TukpgEdrfa Bakürbs;GdækfamCÄímnikayenH CaRbmaNkñúgkarvas;enH dUecñH . Baküfa biTpøÚvGMBITIenaH ² )andl; biTpøÚvtUc nig pøÚvFMkñúgTIenaH ² . PikçúeQµaHfa ¬ rEmgdwg ¦ CaGñkmanFutgÁbrisuT§ KW CaGñkxVl;xVaykñúgkar eFVIFutgÁ[brisuT§ . Baküfa ¬ mkGMBIéRB ¦ kñúgevlatamEdlkMNt; man esckþIfa sRmab;PikçúGñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ TaMg 3 rdUv / sRmab;PikçúGñkkan; fñak;kNþal Rtwm2 rdUv/ sRmab;PikçúGñkkan;fñak;TabRtwm 1 rdUv . eQµaH fa FutgÁminEbkFøay sUm,IkñúgkaltamEdlkMNt;TukenaH k¾eRBaHesckþI EdlenAman]sSah³ . Baküfa eyIgedkbnþicsinehIyswmeTA CakarEdlelakGFib,ayfa FutgÁ rEmgEbkFøay)aneRBaHkarFUrfyéncitþ . Baküfa kalmnsikaresckþIsmÁal;faenAéRB manesckþIfa elak GacarüeBalfa rEmgCaGñkEdlKYrnwg)an . l . EdlnwgrkSaTuk)annUv smaFiEdl)anehIydUecñH k¾eRBaHmanmnsikarfa { eyIgnwgenAeday víevk} b¤fa eyIgKYreFVIkayvíevktamEdl)anehIy[Carbs;manRbeyaCn_ dUecñH . eQµaHfa rEmgeFVIcitþrbs;Gñk KW rbs;PikçúGñkenAéRB[raymaymin )an k¾eRBaHkarmincUldl;Knøg ¬ énTVar ¦ . eQµaHfa CaGñkR)ascak PaBP½yxøac k¾eRBaHmanPaBsñiT§sñalCamYyPaBs¶b;s¶at; . eQµaHfa lHbg;karCab;CMBak;kñúgCÍvít)an k¾eRBaHkareFVIxøÜn[CaGñkq¶aycMeBaH


361 mhadÍka GarBaØikgÁ

PaBxøacsøab; eTAenAkñúgéRBEdlmanGnþrayeRcInenaHÉg . eQµaHfa eRtkGrnwgrsénesckþIsux EdlekItGMBIPaBs¶b;s¶at; KW )anesay eRBaHminmankarRcLÚk RcLMedayBYkmnusS . bTfa GaraFyenþa ERbfa júaMg[eRtkGr . elakeBalTuk eRBaHeFVI Tukkñúgcitþfa FutgÁGarBaØikgÁenH hak;bIdUcCaBahn³rbs;RBHeyaKI eRBaH PaBEdlvíevkCaTItaMgéneKalbdíbtþitamEdlRTg;Gnusasn_ . Gvess FutayueFa mann½yfa manFutFm’d¾essCaGavuF . cb; BN’naGMBIGarBaØikgÁ ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


362 vísuT§imKÁ rukçmUlikgÁ

9 - rukçmUlikgÁ karsmaTanrukçmUlikgÁ

sUm,IrukçmUlikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBaküTaMgBIry:agenH BaküNa mYyfa ³ 1 - qnñM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNasUmevorcakTIRbk;)aMg . 2 - rukçmUlikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTanGgÁrbs;Pikçú EdlmankarenAeTobKl;eQI Ca RbRktI .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgrukçmUlikgÁ k¾rukçmUlikPikçúenaH Kb,IevoredÍmeQITaMgenHecal KW edÍmeQIEdltaMg enArvagRBMEdn edÍmeQICaectiy edÍmeQImanC½r edÍmeQIkMBugmanEpø edÍmeQIkMBugmanpáa edÍmeQImanstVRbecov edÍmeQImanRbehag edÍm eQIEdlenAkNþalvtþ ehIycUrykedÍmeQIEdlenACay ² vtþcuH . enHCa víFI ¬bdíbtþi ¦ énrukçmUlikgÁ .

RbePTénrukçmUlikgÁ eBaledayRbePT sUm,IrukçmUlikPikçúenH k¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUk enaH Gñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ kalcgedÍmeQIehIy ¬ smÁal;edÍmeQIehIy ¦ nwgeRbIGñkdéT[e)asRcas ¬ TIkEnøg ¦ [tameBjcitþmin)aneT RtÚveRbI eCÍge)assøwkeQI kemÞckmÞI ehIyenAcuH . Gñkkan;y:agkNþal nwgBwgGñkEdlmkkñúgTIenaHedayécdnü[ ¬CYy ¦


363 vísuT§imKÁ rukçmUlikgÁ

e)assm¥at[k¾)an . Gñkkan;fñak;Tab nwgehAGñkeFVIkarvtþ nig smNueTÞsmkCYyCRmH ¬ kEnøg ¦ eFVI[rabesµI ehIyekorxSac;eFVIrbgB½T§CMuvíjCaeRscehIy eTIb enAk¾)an Etkñúgéf¶EdlmankareFVImhkmµ ¬ karbUCa ¦ rukçmUlikPikçúkMuGgÁúy enAkñúgTIenaH Kb,IGgÁúykñúgTIdéTEdlkM)aMg ¬ minsEmþgxøÜneRBaHPaB R)afñatic ¦ .

karEbkFøayénrukçmUlikgÁ k¾ÉFutgÁénrukçmUlikPikçúTaMg 3 CMBUkenH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³Edl elakseRmckarenAkñúgTIRbk;)aMg . ¬ cMENk ¦ RBHGgÁútþrPaNkacarüTaMgLayeBalfa {¬ FutgÁenHEbk ¦ kñúgxN³EdlelakkMBugdåg ehIyjúaMgGruN[rHeLÍgkñúgTIRbk;)aMg } enH CakarEbkFøaykñúgrukçmUlikgÁenH .

GanisgSénrukçmUlikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenHKW ³ 1 - ekItkarbdíbtþismKYrdl;GFüaRs½yeLÍgÉgtamRBH)alI ¬ R)ab; Gnusasn_ ¦ fa rukçmUlesnasnM nisSay bBVC¢a karbBVC¢aGaRs½y Kl;eQICaTIedk TIGgÁúy . 2 - eRbIR)as;bc©½y tamEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg;Rtas;Tukfa Carbs; bnþicbnþÜcpg rk)angaypg minmaneTaspg . 3 - )annUvGnic©sBaØa edayehtu)aneXIjnUvkarERbRbÜlénsøwkeQI erOy ² .


364 mhadÍka rukçmUlikgÁ

4 - minmanesckþIkMNaj;kñúgesnasn³ nig PaBeRtkGrkñúgkargar ¬ ksag ¦ . 5 - )anenACamYyrukçeTvtaTaMgLay . 6 - manPaBRbRBwtþismKYrdl;FutFm’ mankarR)afñaticCaedÍm.

GvsanKafakñúgrukçmUlikgÁ TIlMenArbs;PikçúGñks¶b; KWCaTIEdlRBHBuT§Cam©as;d¾RbesIr RTg;sresIr nigRtas;fa nisS½y ¬ rbs;bBVC¢a ¦ vtþesµIedayKl;eQI nwgmanmkBITINa eRBaHfa PikçúGñkmanvtþl¥ kalenAeTobKl;eQId¾s¶at; EdlCaTInaMecjnUv Gavasmcäriy³ CaTIEdleTvtabri)al eXIjsøwkeQITaMgLay ¬ EdlenA x©I ¦BN’Rkhm ¬ ehIyk¾ERbCa ¦ BN’exov nigBN’elOg ehIyk¾RCúHeTA rEmgdknUvesckþIsmÁal;fa eTog ecj)an eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúGñkman bBaØaeXIjc,as; eTIbminKYremIlgayKl;eQIEdlCaTIs¶at; EdlCaTIenA rbs;elakGñkeRtkGrkñúgPavna Edlrab;fa Camrtkrbs;RBHBuT§Cam©as; enaHeLÍy . enHCaBaküBN’nakarsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nig GanisgSkñúgrukçmUlikgÁenH .

mhadÍka BN’narukçmUlikgÁ

Baküfa TIRbk;)aMg )andl; TIEdleKeRbIeRKÓgRbk;)aMg man\dæCaedÍm Rbk;)aMgTukmann½yfa TIsñak;GaRs½y . Baküfa edÍmeQImankñúgrvag


365 mhadÍka rukçmUlikgÁ

RBMEdn )andl; edÍmeQIEdlduHenACítRBHraCGaNacRk extþrbs;RBH raCa 2 cMENk . BitNas; kñúgsßanTIenaH kgkmøaMgrbs;RBHraCaTaMg enaH nwgcUleTAeFVIkarc,aMgKñaenAcenøaHTIenaH ² sUm,IBYkecarEdlCaGñk bøn;kñúgrvagpøÚv k¾CYbCMuKñaenATIenaH minRBm[Pikçú)anGgÁúyCasux . Baküfa edÍmeQICaectiy )andl; edÍmeQIEdlmnusSTaMgLayyl;eXIjRKb; Kñafa { maneTvtaGaRs½yenA } eTIbCakarEdlmins¶at;GMBIBBYkmnusS TaMgLayEdlcUleTAedÍm,IbUCa . eQµaHfa edÍmeQImanC½r )andl; edÍmkMj:anCaedÍm . eQµaHfa edÍmeQImanRbecov )andl; edÍmeQIEdlRbecovcUleTA esB . edÍmeQITaMgLay manedÍmeQIEdlmankñúgrvagRBMEdnCaedÍm man Gnþray nig rkesckþIvíevk)anedaylM)ak eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak GacarüeBalTukfa { evorcakedÍmeQITaMgenaHecj } dUecñH . Baküfa søwkeQIEdlFøak;enA KW søwkeQIEdlRCúHcakedÍm . eQµaHfa karGgÁúyenAkñúgTIEdlCaTIkM)aMg k¾edÍm,IbiT)aMgPaBCa rukçmUlikPikçú . karseRmckarenAkñúgTIRbk;)aMg rEmgmanedÍm,IRbeyaCn_ dl;kic©TaMgLay mankarsþab;Fm’CaedÍm . eRBaHehtuenaH GacarübeRgón Km<IrGgÁútþrnikay eTIbeBalfa { eRBaHehtuRtwmEtRCabehIyk¾júaMg GruN[rHeLÍgkñúgTIRbk;)aMg } dUecñH . Baküfa eRBaHeXIjPaBERb RbÜl KW karrlt;eTAkñúgxN³ ² énedÍmeQI b¤søwkeQITaMgLayerOy ² . Baküfa ¬minman¦esckþIkMNaj;kñúgesnasn³ nig esckþIeRtkGr kñúgkargar KW esckþIkMNaj;kñúgTIlMenA ¬Gavasmcäriy³ nigesckþIeRtkGr kñúgkargarksag ¦ .


366 mhadÍka rukçmUlikgÁ

Baküfa ¬ mankarrs;enArYm ¦ CamYyeTvtaTaMgLay KW CamYyBYk rukçeTvtaTaMgLay . BitNas; sUm,IBYkeTvtaTaMgenaH kalGaRs½yenA Rtg;vímanEdltaMgenARtg;edÍmeQITaMgLay k¾eQµaHfa GaRs½yenARtg; edÍmeQITaMgLay . sUm,IrukçmUlikPikçúenH k¾eQµaHfa enArYmKña ¬ CamYyrukç eTvta ¦ Rtg;edÍmeQITaMgLay . Baküfa RTg;sresIr KW RTg;sresIr ehIyedayBaküfa { Carbs;bnþicbnþÜcpg } dUecñHCaedÍm nigRtas;ehIy faCanisS½yy:agenHfa rukçmUlesnasnM nisSay bBVC¢a bBVC¢aGaRs½y esnasn³Kl;eQIdUecñH . eQµaHfa manBN’Rkhmcas;kñúgeBlEdl enAx©I . eQµaHfa manBN’exov kñúgevlakNþal ² / eQµaHfa manBN’ elOg kñúgeBlcas;. eQµaHfa Føak;eTA k¾edayGMNackarsVitRseBan . kaleXIjnUvedÍm nig søwkTaMgLayedayRbckSy:agenH eQµaHfa rEmg benÞabg; KW lHbg;nic©sBaØa)an / elakmanEtGnic©sBaØab:ueNÑaH taMgmaM ehIy . eRBaHehtuEdlkarRbsUti karRtas;dåg karRbkasFmµcRk nig kar briniBVanrbs;RBHmanRBHPaK ekIteLÍgRtg;Kl;eQIenaHÉg dUecñH eTIb elakeBalfa Kl;eQICamrtkrbs;RBHBuT§Cam©as; dUecñH . cb; karBN’narukçmUlikgÁ ¬ cb;mhadÍka ¦


367 vísuT§imKÁ GeBÖakasikgÁ

10 - GeBÖakasikgÁ karsmaTanGeBÖakasikgÁ

sUm,IGeBÖakasikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBaküBIry:agenH BaküNa mYyk¾)an ³ 1 - qnñBa© rukçmUlBa© bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNasUmevorcakTIRbk;)aMg pg Kl;eQIpg . 2 - GeBÖakasikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNasUmsmaTanGgÁrbs; Pikçú EdlmankarenAkNþalval CaRbRktI dUecñH .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgGeBÖakasikgÁ ÉkarcUleTAkan;erag]e)asfedÍm,Isþab;Fm’kþI edÍm,IeFVI]e)asfkþI rEmg KYrdl;GeBÖakasikPikçúenaH ebIkalelakcUleTAehIyePøógFøak;cuHmkesat kalePøógkMBugFøak; kMuedÍm,Iecj luHePøógraMgswmecjeTA GeBÖakasikPikçú enaHcUleTAkan;eragqan; b¤ eragePøIg eFIVvtþkþI ¬ cUleTA ¦ Gabucäa ¬ nimnþ ¦ Pikçúefr³edayPtþaharkñúgeragqan;kþI kal[]eTÞs¬ eronyk ¦ cUleTA sUm,ITIRbk;)aMgkþI CBa¢ÚneRKÓgesnasn³kþI manERK taMgCaedÍm EdlTuk ray)a:yenAxageRkAcUleTATukenAxagkñúg ¬ TIRbk;)aMg ¦ kþI rEmgKYr ¬RKb; y:ag ¦ ebIedÍrpøÚvkan;brikçarrbs;PikçúEdlcas;vsSaCageTA kalePøógFøak; elakcUlkan;salaEdltaMgenAnakNþalpøÚvk¾KYr ebIminmankan;GVI rt;eTA edaysgÇwmfanwgRCkkñúgsala rEmgminKYr EtKb,IedÍredayRbRktI cUl eTAQrenArhUtdl;ePøógraMg eTIbeTAehag .


368 vísuT§imKÁ GeBÖakasikgÁ

enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ énGeBÖakasikPikçú n½ysUm,IrukçmUlikPikçú k¾dUcn½y enH .

RbePTénGeBÖakasikPikçú eBaledayRbePT sUm,IGeBÖakasikPikçúenH k¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUkenaH sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ cUleTAGaRs½y ¬ møb; ¦ edÍmeQI b¤ PñM b¤ pÞH rEmgminKYr RtÚveFVIcIvrkudí ¬sn§wgRtdagcIvr ¦ enAkNþalvalcuH . sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;Nþal nwgcUleTAGaRs½y ¬møb;¦eQI PñM nigpÞH ¬Et¦ mincUleTAxagkñúg k¾KYr . sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;Tab sUm,IjkPñMEdlmnusSmin)anRbk;)aMg¬bEnßm¦ sUm,ICRmkeFVIGMBIEmkeQI GMBIsMBt; sUm,IxÞm ¬ EdleKecal ¦ EdltaMgenA kñúgERsenaH ² EdlGñkcaMERsCaedÍm e)aHbg;ecal rEmgKYr ¬ TaMgGs; ¦ .

karEbkFøaykñúgGeBÖakasikgÁ FutgÁénGeBÖakasikPikçúTaMg 3 BYk rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³Edlelak eTAkan;TIRbk;)aMgkþI Kl;eQIkþI edÍm,IRCkenA . cMENkRBHGgÁútþrPaNkacarüTaMgLayeBalfa { ¬ FutgÁenHrEmgEbkFøay ¦ kñúgxN³Edlelak dågehIy júaMgGruN[rHeLÍgkñúgTIRbk;)aMgkþI Kl;eQIkþIenaH } enHCakar EbkFøaykñúgGeBÖakasikgÁenH . 

xagkñúgsRmab;edÍmeQI KW Kl; ¬ b¤møb; ¦ / sRmab;PñM KW ÉkeTsénPñM dUc Cajk / sRmab;pÞH KW sMyabpÞH .


369 vísuT§imKÁ GeBÖakasikgÁ

GanisgSénGeBÖakasikgÁ

cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenHKW ³ 1 - kat;GavasblieBaF)an . 2 - benÞabg;fÍnmiT§³)an . 3 - minmanTIkEnøgEdlCab;CMBak; . smdUcBaküsresIrfa { PikçúTaMgLayGaRs½yenA minCab;kñúgTIkEnøg Rtac;eTAminmanTICab;CMBak; dUcRmwKTaMgLay } dUecñH . 4 - CaPikçúmanTis 4 ¬ Rtac;eTA ¦ . 5 - mankarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;FutFm’ mankarR)afñaticCaedÍm .

GvsanKafakñúgGeBÖakasikgÁ eRBaHehtuEdlPikçúkalenAkñúgGeBÖakas EdlminEmnCaTIlM)akrk manmNI KW dYgpáayedrdasCaBitan manRbTIb KWdYgcnÞCHrsµIPWøsVag sm KYrdl;Pav³énGnaKariyCn ¬ elak ¦ mancitþ¬ minCab;CMBak; ¦ dUcCacitþRmwK benÞabg;fÍnmiT§³)an GaRs½yesckþIEdlmanPavnaCaTIeRtkGr rEmgnwg )anCYbPaBq¶aj;énbvíevkrsminyWtyUreLÍy eRBaHehtuenaHÉg PikçúGñk manbBaØa Kb,ICaGñkeRtkGrkñúgGeBÖakasehag . enHCaBaküBN’na karsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nigGanisgSkñúgGeBÖakasikgÁ .


370 mhadÍka GeBÖakasikgÁ

mhadÍka BN’naGeBÖakasikgÁ

kaleBalfa { ´RBHkruNasUmbdíesFKl;eQI } dUecñH RtwmEt b:ueNÑH k¾CakarEdlminbdíesFTIRbk;)aMgeLÍy eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak GacarüeBalfa { ´RBHkruNasUmbdíesFTIRbk;)aMg nig Kl;eQI } dUecñH . BitNas; karsmaTanFutgÁnwgseRmc)anedaykarbdíesF KW evorcakedayRbkarTaMgBYg minEmnseRmc)anedayRbkardéTeLIy . Baküfa { edÍm,Ikarsþab;Fm’ } manesckþIfa GeBÖakasikPikçúenH enaH Ég sUm,IkalnwgeBalFm’ edÍm,IkartamrkSacitþrbs;Gñksþab;TaMgLay enAkñúgéf¶]e)asfCaedÍm RtÚvGñkTaMgenaHGaraFnaehIy karEdlnwgcUl eTAkñúgTIRbk;)aMgrEmgKYr EteBleBalFm’eRscehIy KYreTARtg;TIval b:ueNÑaH sUm,IrukçmUlPikçú k¾mann½yenHdUcKña . Baküfa edÍm,IRbeyaCn_ dl;]e)asf KW edÍm,I]e)asfkmµ . Baküfa nwgR)ab;]eTÞs KW nwg[]eTÞs ¬beRgón ¦dl;PikçúdéT. Baküfa [R)ab;]eTÞs KW nwgkan;yk]eTÞsedayxøÜnÉg¬ nwgeron ¦ . Baküfa salaEdltaMgenAkñúgrvagpøÚv )andl; salaEdlKb,IcUl Rtg;eTA)an mincaM)ac;eKccuHGMBIpøÚv dUcsalakñúgsIhLTVIb . eQµaHfa karEdlnwgedÍreTAedayrh½srEmgminKYr eRBaHrkPaBCasmNsarUb min)an GFib,ayfa nwgminmankarEbkFøayénFutgÁ drabTl;KñarhUtdl; ePøógraMg ehIyeTIbeTA. eQµaHfa xagkñúgénedÍmeQI )andl; Kl;eQI. cMENkBaküfa TIEdldUcKñanwgjkénPñMcat;CacMENkEdlCaPñM .


371 mhadÍka GeBÖakasikgÁ

Baküfa brievNEdlminRtÚvRbk;)aMg )andl; brievNEdlenAxag elIEdleKmin)aneFVITukedayCadMbUly:agsegçb ¬ y:agtictYc ¦ eday RbkarEdlTwkePøógnwgminsaccUleTAxagkñúg . EtRbsinebICajkPñMEdl TwkePøógsaccUleTAxagkñúg)an k¾cat;CaTIvaly:agsegçb)an eRBaHehtu enaH karEdlelaknwgcUleTA ¬ enA ¦ kñúgjkPñMenaHrEmgKYr . Baküfa s‘umEmkeQI )andl; s‘umEdleKeRbIEmkeQITaMgLayRbk;TukregVÍl ² ¬minCítl¥ ¦ . eQµaHfa sMBt;)aMg )andl; sMBt;TaMgeRKatRKat TaMgrwg / GFib,ayfa FutgÁrEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³EdlcUleTA evorEtsßanTIman jkPñMCaedÍm tamEdleBalehIy . Baküfa dågehIy KW cUleTAkan;Kl; eQI TIRbk;)aMgedÍm,Ikic© mankarsþab;Fm’CaedÍm edaykarGgÁúy dågehIy fa { GruNnwgrHeLIgkñúgeBl\LÚvenH } dUecñH . esckþIminGpSúkkñúgkar cUleTAenAkñúgTINa ² sUm,IKl;eQI rEmgman)anmYyrMeBc ¬Et ¦ kñúgTITaMg enaH Kb,ImanGavasblieBaF ¬esckþIkgVl;kñúgTIlMenA ¦ EdlnaM[mankar Cab;CMBak; cMENkkñúgTIvalminman eRBaHehtuenaH elakGacarüeTIb eBalGanisgS KWkarkat;GavasblieBaF)an TukkñúgmatikaénGeBÖakasikgÁ enHb:ueNÑaH . Baküfa manPaBsmcMeBaHRBHtRmas;Rtas;sresIr KW manPaB smcMeBaHRBHtRmas;EdlRtas;sresIrfa minCab;kñúgTIkEnøgdUecñH eRBaH PaBminmanGal½y . Baküfa minmankarCab;CMBak; manesckþIfa eRBaH minmankarhYgEhgkñúgTIlMenA eTIbminmankarCab;CMBak;kñúgTIlMenAenaH. eQµaHfa CaGñkeTA)anRKb;TisTaMg 4 eRBaHminmanesckþIRtiHriHkgVl; fa kñúgTisenaHminmanTIEdlCalMenA eRBaHdUecñaH eyIgminGacnwgeTAkñúg


372 mhadÍka GeBÖakasikgÁ

TisenaH)andUecñH . Baküfa ¬ mancitþ ¦dUcRmwK KWmancitþdUcCacitþrbs;RmwK eRBaHminman esckþIhYgEhg ¬ kñúgTIlMenA ¦ . bTfa sieta ERbfa GaRs½y . bTfa vínÞti ERbfa rEmg)an . cb; kfaBN’naGeBÖakasikgÁ ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


373 vísuT§imKÁ esasanikgÁ

11 - esasanikgÁ karsmaTanesasanikgÁ

sUm,I esasanikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBaküBIry:agenH BaküNa mYyfa ³ 1 - n susanM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNa sUmevorcakTIEdlminEmn CaéRBsµsan . 2 - esasanikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTanGgÁénPikçú EdlmankarenAkñúgéRBsµsan Ca RbRktIdUecñH .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgesasanikgÁ k¾ÉmnusSTaMgLay kalenAkñúgRsúkkMNt;TINamYyTukfa TIenHCa éRBsµsan esasanikPikçúenaH Kb,IenAkñúgTIenaH eRBaHfaTIenaH kalsak sBenAminTan;)andut k¾minTan;rab;fa CaéRBsµsan Etfacab;epþÍmGMBIdut sBehIyeTA sUm,IeKe)aHbg;ecal 12 qñaM k¾rab;faCaéRBsµsan)an k¾É esasanikGñkenAkñúgéRBsµsanenaH ³ 1 - minKYreFVIkEnøgepSg ² manxÞmdMbUlesµIsRmab;c®gámCaedÍm RtÚv taMgERKTukerobcMTwkqan; TwkeRbIR)as; ehIyRbkasFm’ ¬ kñúgéRBsµsan enaH ¦ eRBaHfa FutgÁmatikaenHF¶n; ehtuenaH esasanikPikçúKYrCaGñkmin RbmaT R)ab;RBHsgÇetßr b¤ GaCJaFrpøÚvraCkar[RCab edÍm,IkarBarGnþray EdlekIteLÍg ehIyswmeTA . 2 - kalc®gámKb,IeqµógemIleCÍgfárpg .


374 vísuT§imKÁ esasanikgÁ

3 - kaleTAéRBsµsanvíj Kb,IecosvagpøÚvFM ehIyeTAtampøÚveRkA cuH . 4 - Kb,IkMNt;GarmµN_[caMc,as;kñúgevlaéf¶ edaykarkMNt;Tuky:ag enaH vanwgmineFVI[xøacsRmab;elakkñúgeBlyb; . 5 - GmnusSTaMgLay sUm,IvanwgRtac;bnøWsMeLgERskeTA k¾kMuRbhar vaedayvtßúGVI ² eLÍy . 6 - esasanikPikçúnwgxaneTAéRBsµsan sUm,ImYyéf¶ rEmgminKYr . RBHGgÁútþrPaNkacarüeBalfa júaMgmCÄímyam[Gs;eTAkñúgéRBsµsan ehIyRtLb;mkvíjkñúgbcäimyamk¾KYr . 7 - cMNIsIucukEdlGmnusScUlcitþdUcCanMerayl¶ )aylaysENþk RtI sac; TwkedaHRss; eRbg TwkGMeBA esasanikPikçúminKYrbriePaKeLÍy . 8 - minKYrcUleTAkan;pÞHénRtkUleLÍy . enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ énesasanikPikçú .

RbePTénesasanikPikçú

eBaledayRbePT sUm,IesasanikPikçúenHk¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUk enaH Gñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ Kb,IenAEtkñúgéRBsµsanEdl ¬ manlkçN³ 3 KW ¦ mankardutsaksBCaRbcaM mansaksB ¬ emIl ¦ mindac;ry³ nig man sMeLgyMCanic© . sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;kNþal kñúgéRBsµsanEdlmanlkçN³ 1 kñúg bNþalkçN³ 3 enaH k¾)an . sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;Tab enAkñúgéRBsµsan RKan;Et)anlkçN³éRB sµsan tamn½yEdl)aneBalehIyk¾)an .


375 vísuT§imKÁ esasanikgÁ

karEbkFøayénesasanikgÁ

k¾FutgÁénesasanikPikçúTaMg 3 CMBUkenH rEmgEbkFøay eRBaHseRmc karenAkñúgTIEdlminEmnCaéRBsµsan / ¬ cMENk ¦ RBHGgÁútþrPaNkacarü eBalfa ¬ FutgÁenHEbk ¦ kñúgéf¶EdlelakmineTAéRBsµsan . enHCakarEbkFøaykñúgesasanikgÁenH .

GanisgSénesasanikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenH ³ 1 - )anmrNanusSti . 2 - enAedayPaBminRbmaTCaRbRktI . 3 - seRmc)anGsuPnimitþ . 4 - benÞabg;kamraK³)an . 5 - eXIjsPaBrbs;ragkayerOy ² . 6 - manesckþIsegVKxøaMg . 7 - lHbg;nUvesckþIRsvåg mankarRsvågkñúgkarminmaneraKCaedÍm . 8 - RKbsgát;karP½yxøac)an . 9 - CaTIeKarBsresIrénGmnusSTaMgLay . 10 -mankarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;FutFm’ mankarR)afñaticCaedÍm.

GvsanKafakñúgesasanikgÁ k¾eRBaHGMNacénmrNanusSti¬rB£kdl;esckþIsøab;erOy²¦ eTasEdl nwgKb,IekIteLÍg eRBaHesckþIRbmaTTaMgLay rEmgminFøak;RtÚvesasanik Pikçú sUm,IEtedklk;eTAehIy mü:agvíjeTot citþrbs;elakeXIjsaksB


376 mhadÍka esasanikgÁ

eRcIn ² rEmgminFøak;eTAkan;GMNacénkamraK³ elaknwgekItsegVKFMmin cUlCítesckþIRsvågeLÍy TaMgBüayamnwgrkEtesckþIrMlt; ¬ Tukç ¦ eday pøÚvd¾RbéB eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúEdlmancitþbeg¥aneTAkan;RBHniBVan eTIbKYr esBesasanikgÁenH eRBaHCaFutgÁEdlnaMmknUvKuNCaGenkehag . enHCaBaküBN’na karsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbti ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nig GanisgSkñúgesasanikgÁ .

mhadÍka BN’naesasanikgÁ

bTfa nsusanM ERbfa TIdéTeRkABIéRBsµsan n GkSr manGtßfa déT GFib,ayfa )andl;TIlMenAEdlevorcaklkçN³énéRBexµac . Baküfa minKYrenAkñúgsßanTIenaH KW minKYrenAkñúgTIEdleKkMNt;Kña fa { CaéRBsµsan } eRBaHfa lkçN³énéRBexµacminEmnseRmceday RKan;RtwmEteQµaHenaHeT . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalfa { n hi } dUecñHCaedÍm . EtebIcab;epþÍmBIkalEdldutehIy . l . k¾eQµaHfa Ca éRBsµsanehIy eRBaHdl;lkçN³CaéRBsµsan edayehacRKan;EtTI EdlsaksBedkenA . BitNas; TIEdlsaksBedk elakehAfa éRB sµsan . elakGacarüedÍm,IsEmþgfa EdleQµaHfa esasanikPikçú Kb,ICaGñk mankic©tic mankarRbRBwtþiRsal eTIbeBalfa { k¾Pikçú kalnwgeTAkñúgéRB exµacenaH } dUecñHCaedÍm . Baküfa F¶n; KW rkSa)anedaylM)ak . edÍm,I nwgsEmþgPaBCaFutgÁEdlrkSa)aneday lM)akenaHÉg eTIbelakeBalfa


377 mhadÍka esasanikgÁ

{ eRBaHdUecñaH } dUecñHCaedÍm. kñúgBaküTaMgenaHBaküfa edÍm,ICaRbeyaCn_dl;karkarBarGnþray EdlekIteLIg)an manesckþIfa BYkecarTaMgLayTaMgEdlminTan;)an eFVIkmµ ¬ KWkarbøn; ¦ TaMgEdl)aneFVIkmµehIyKitfa {eQµaHfaéRBecalexµac KWCaTIkM)aMgGMBIEPñkmnusSTaMgLay } dUecñH eTIbmkCYbCuMKña kalBYkecar eXIjm©as;RTBükñúgTIenaH eKk¾ecalrbs;rbrTukkñúgTICítPikçú ehIyeKceTA mnusSTaMgLay k¾nwgcab;Pikçú edayecaTfa { Caecar } ehIyvay)an eRBaHdUecñaH eTIbKYrR)ab;RBHsgÇetßrkñúgvíhar b¤ GaCJaFrEdndÍrbs;RBH raCaEdlRbcaMenATIenaH [RCabPaBCaesasanikPikçúrbs;xøÜn ehIyKb,I CaGñkminRbmaT edayRbkarEdlGnþraymansPaBdUecñH b¤ GnþraydéT eTotnwgmanmin)an . elakGacarübMNgesckþIfa kñúgevlaNaminmaneCÍgfárenABImuxPikçú kMBugc®gám sUm,IkñúgevlaenaH edÍm,InwgjúaMgPaBsegVK[ekIteLÍg elakk¾ KYredaHecjnUvGtþTidæíkñúgTIenaH dUecñHeTIbelakeBalfa Kb,IeqµógemIl eCÍgfár dUecñH . eQµaHfa KYreTAtampøÚveRkA k¾edÍm,IPaBminR)akd ¬ biT)aMg ¦ PaB EdlxøÜnCaesasanikPikçú . Baküfa GarmµN_ mann½yfa KYrkMNt;GarmµN_CaeRsckñúgevlaéf¶ edayn½yfa { enHdMbUk enHedÍmeQI enHdgÁt;eQI } dUecñH CaedÍm kñúgéRB sµsanenaH . Baküfa vtßúEdlKYrxøac )andl; GarmµN_mandMbUkCaedÍm EdleFVI esckþIxøac[ekIteLÍg . BYkGmnusS elakminKYreRbIvtßúNa ² mandMudÍ dMufµ


378 mhadÍka esasanikgÁ

CaedÍmRbTUsþva edayKitfa vamkelgRtg;TIEk,r ² . elakehAnMGMEbgfa nMerayl¶ . )aylaysENþk eQµaHfa )ayRcbl;sENþk . eday GaTi s½BÞ ¬ EdlERbfa CaedÍm ¦ . kñúgBaküfa KuLaTi ¬ TwkGMeBACaedÍm ¦ elak rYmyknMEdlmanTwkGMeBA nig l¶CaedÍm nig nMbg;xøaj; . Baküfa minKYrcUleTAkan;pÞHénRtkUl eRBaHPaBEdlelakCab; edaykøinsB nig eRBaHmanbisacCab;tameTA . kardutsBral; ² éf¶ eQµaHfa kardutsBCaRbcaM . karEdlBYkjati rbs;GñkEdlsøab; eTAdl;éRBsµsanenaHehIy ERskyMral; ² éf¶ eQµaH fa karyMCaRbcaM . Baküfa edayn½yEdl)aneBalehIy KW edayn½y Edl)aneBalehIyfa { KWfa cab;epþÍmBIkalEdldutehIy } CaedÍm . GacarüGñkbeRgónGgÁútþrnikayeBalfa {¬rEmgEbkFøay¦kñúgéf¶EdlmineTA éRBsµsan dUecñH eRBaHelakbMNgykfa {KYrnwgRtLb;víjkñúgbcäimyam} dUecñH . eQµaHfa )anmrNsSti k¾eRBaHkareXIjsaksBkñúgéRBsµsanGs; kalCanic© . eRBaHkar)anmrNsStienaHÉg eTIbmanPaBCaGñkenA edayesckþIminRbmaTCaRbRktI . eQµaHfa )anseRmcGsuPnimitþ k¾ eRBaHkareXIjsaksBmnusSsøab;EdleKecalRtg;éRBsµsanenaH . eRBaHkar)anseRmcnUvGsuPnimitþenaHÉg eTIbmankarbenÞabg;kam raK³)an . eQµaHfa mankareXIjsPaBrbs;kay)anerOy ² k¾eRBaHman karkMNt;nUvPav³EdlsrIr³mins¥at mankøins¥úy nig KYrex<Im)anCaeRcIn . eRBaHmankareXIjsPaBrbs;kayerOy²enaH nig eRBaHkar)anmrNsSti


379 mhadÍka esasanikgÁ

eTIbmanPaBCaGñkeRcInedayesckþIsegVK . eQµaHfa mankarlHbg; esckþIRsvåg mankarRsvågkñúgPaBminmaneraK karRsvågkñúgPaBCakMelaH CaRkmMu nig PaBRsvågkñúgCÍvít)an eRBaHkareXIjmnusSQW nig mnusS EdlRTúDeRTameRBaHCraEdlsøab;eTAehIykñúgéRBsµsanenaH . eQµaHfa manesckþIGt;Fn;cMeBaHesckþIP½yxøac k¾eRBaHRKbsgát;P½yTaMgtUc TaMg FM)an . esckþIBüayamedayRtÚvpøÚv rEmgekIteLÍgdl;buKÁlEdlmancitþ segVK eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbmanPaBCaGñkEdlBYkGmnusSKYreKarBbUCa . Baküfa GñksUm,Idl;karedklk; KW Gñkedklk;eTAehIy GFib,ayfa sUm,Ikñúgkaryl;sbþi . [

cb; kfaBN’naesasanikgÁ ¬ cb; esasanikgÁ ¦


380 vísuT§imKÁ yfasnßtikgÁ

12 - yfasnßtikgÁ karsmaTanyfasnßtikgÁ

sUm,IyfasnßtikgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBaküBIry:agenH BaküNa mYyk¾)an ³ 1 - esnasnelalub,M bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNa sUmevorcaknUvPaBelµaP kñúgesnasn³ . 2 - yfasnßtikgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTanGgÁrbs;Pikçú GñkmankarenAkñúgesnasn³ tamEdl eKcat;[CaRbRktIdUecñH .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgyfasnßtikgÁ É yfasnßtikPikçúenaH esnasn³NaEdlesnasnKahabk³cg¥úl Eck[fa { esnasn³enHsRmab;elak } k¾Kb,IeRtkGredayesnasn³ enaHminKb,I ¬ eRCÍserIs ¦ eFVIPikçúdéT[RtÚvpøas; ¬ esnasn³ ¦ enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ ényfasnßtikPikçú .

RbePTényfasnßtik eBaledayRbePT sUm,IyfasnßtikPikçúenH k¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUkenH Gñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ rEmgminsYrcMeBaHesnasn³Edl)ansRmab; xøÜnfa enACít b¤enAq¶ayeLIy b¤fa GnþrayepSg² manGmnusSnigTIXCati CaedÍmrMxan b¤eT faekþA b¤faRtCak; b¤eT . Gñkkan;fñak;kNþal sYr)an EteTABinitüemIlmin)an .


381 vísuT§imKÁ yfasnßtikgÁ

Gñkkan;fñak;Tab eTABinitüemIl ebIesnasn³EdlEck[enaH minRtÚv citþ elakGackan;ykesnasn³déTk¾)an .

karEbkFøayényfasnßtikgÁ FutgÁrbs; yfasnßtikPikçú 3 CMBUkenH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgkalEdl lµmrab;)anfa esckþIelµaPkñúgesnasn³ekIteLÍg . enHCakarEbkFøaykñúgyfasnßtikgÁenH .

GanisgSényfasnßtikgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenH ³ 1 - )aneFVItam»vaTEdlRTg;Rtas;Tukfa yM lT§M etn tudæBVM )anvtßú Na Kb,IeRtkGredayvtßúenaH . 2 - pþl; b¤ EsVgrkRbeyaCn_[dl;sRBhµcarI ¬ minrMxan[pøas; esnasn³ ¦ . 3 - lHbg;esckþIkMNt;fa GaRkk; b¤ RbNIt . 4 - lHbg;esckþIeRtkGrrIkray)an . 5 - biTTVarénesckþIR)afñaeRcIn . 6 - mankarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;FutFm’ mankarR)afñaticCaedÍm .

GvsanKafakñúgyfasnßtikgÁ GñkRbRBwtþkñúg yfasnßtik³ CaGñkeRtkGredayesnasn³EdlxøÜn)an ¬ mineRCÍserIsfa l¥ - GaRkk; ¦ rEmgedkCasux sUm,IkñúgTIEdlRkal edayesµA kñúgesnasn³y:agl¥ k¾elakminCab;citþ )anesnasn³Edl


382 mhadÍka yfasnßtikgÁ

GaRkk;k¾minGn;citþ CYyGnueRKaHsRBhµcarIEdlfµÍ ¬ [)anesnasn³enA ¦ eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúGñkmanemFa Kb,IRbkberOy ² nUvPaBCaGñkeRtkGr kñúgesnasn³tamEdleKcat;[ EdlCavtþCaRbcaMénBYkRBHGriy³ Cavtþ EdlRBHmunICam©as;RTg;sresIrehIy . enHCaBaküBN’nakarsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþí ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nig GanisgSkñúgyfasnßtikgÁenH .

mhadÍka BN’nayfasnßtikgÁ kñúgkarEdlecAGFikarénesnasn³[kan;ykesnasn³ kareFVI[Gñk déTpøas;eTAehIy eTIbkan;ykkarsaksYrfa { esnasn³enHl¥ b¤ esnasn³enHminl¥ } dUecñH nigkareTAemIl eQµaHfa esckþIelµaPkñúg esnasn³ . bTfa etadæBVM ERbfa Kb,IeRtkGr . PikçúGñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ rEmgminsYrfa enACít eRBaHmanTIkEnøgenACay bMputvíhar b¤fa enAq¶ayhYsBIsßanTIRbCMuKñaénBBYkmnusSCaedÍm eRBaH FutgÁrbs;elakmankaresAhµg)an sUm,IedaykarsaksYr . Baküfa edÍm,InwgeTAemIl KW edÍm,InwgeTAemIledayGMNacesckþI elµaP . Baküfa RbsinebIesnasn³enaH mineBjcitþdl;elak KW RbsinebIesnasn³tamEdleK[kan;ykenaHmineBjcitþ eRBaHPaBEdl minCapasukdl;elakEdlCayfasnßtikPikçú . sRmab;PikçúGñkkan;fñak;Tab kalminTan;maneraK karEdllHbg;esnasn³EdleK[kan;ykecal ehIykan;ykesnasn³déT cat;CakarelµaP . sRmab;PikçúGñkkan;fñak;


383 mhadÍka yfasnßtikgÁ

kNþal kareTAemIl cat;CakarelµaP . sRmab;PikçúGñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ karsYr cat;CakarelµaP . kñúgkarEdlPikçú sUm,IRKb;BYk[GñkdéTRtÚvpøas;eTA ehIyeTIbkan;yk minmanBaküEdlRtÚveBalesaHeLÍy ¬ KWcat;CaPaB elµaPBitR)akd mincaM)ac;eBaldl;eT ¦ . eQµaHfa manPaBCaGñkEsVgrkRbeyaCn_dl;sMlaj;GñkRbRBwtþ RBhµcriy³ k¾edaykarEdlmineFVI[sMlaj;GñkRbRBwtþRBhµcriy³ sUm,IxøÜn Kb,IbBa¢a[pøas;)an RtÚvpøas;eTA . edayPav³enaH cat;famankarRbRBwtþi smKYrdl;kruNavíhar . eQµaHfa lHesckþIkMNt;faGaRkk; faRbNIt )an eRBaHmineFVIkarEbgEck fal¥ faminl¥ . edaykarlHbg;esckþI kMNt;faGaRkk; faRbNIt enaHcat;fa CakarRbRBwtþismKYrdl;lkçN³ rbs;buKÁlminjab;j½r . eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbmankarlHbg;esckþIeRtkGr nig esckþITas; citþ)an . eQµaHfa biTTVar énesckþIR)afñaeRcIn k¾edaykarmin[»kas . Baküfa esckþIeRtkGrkñúgesnasn³tamEdleKcat;Ecg[ KW esckþIeRtkGréRkElgkñúgesnasn³tamEdleK[kan;yk KW tamEdleK [. cb; karBN’nayfasnßtikgÁ ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


384 vísuT§imKÁ ensC¢íkgÁ

13 - ensC¢íkgÁ karsmaTanensC¢íkgÁ

sUm,IensC¢íkgÁ k¾mankarsmaTanedayBaküBIrenH BaküNamYyk¾)an³ 1 - esyüM bdíkçi)ami ´RBHkruNasUmXat;nUv\riyabfedk. 2 - ensC¢íkgÁM smaTiyami ´RBHkruNa sUmsmaTannUvGgÁrbs; Pikçú EdlmankarseRmc\riyabfenA edaykarGgÁúyCaRbRktIdUecñH .

viFI¬ bdíbtþi ¦kñúgensC¢íkgÁ k¾É ensC¢íkgÁPikçúenaH kñúg 3 yaménraRtI eRkakeLÍgc®gámGs;yam 1 eRBaHkñúg\riyabfTaMgLay karedkb:ueNÑaHminKYr . enHCavíFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ énensC¢íkPikçú .

RbePTénensC¢íkPikçú eBaledayRbePT sUm,IensC¢íkPikçúenH k¾man 3 CMBUk kñúg 3 CMBUk enaH sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ TIbEg¥kkþI sMBt;sRmab;Rte)amk,alCgÁg; kþI sMBt;sRmab;etagkþI minKYrTaMgGs; . sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;kNþal rbs; 3 y:agenaH y:agNamYyk¾eRbI)an. sRmab;Gñkkan;fñak;Tab sUm,IPñak;éd sMBt;sRmab;Rte)amk,al CgÁg; sMBt;sRmab;etag exñIy ¬ sRmab;Ep¥k ¦ sUm,IekAGIEdlRbkbedayGgÁ 5 ekAGIEdlRbkbedayGgÁ 7 k¾eRbI)an . ekAGIEdleKeFVImanbEg¥kxñg eQµaHfa bBa©gÁ / ekAGIEdleKeFVIman


385 vísuT§imKÁ ensC¢íkgÁ

bEg¥kxñg nigPñak;édTaMgsgxag ¬ eqVg-sþaM ¦ eQµaHfa stþgÁ / )anB¤fa mnusSTaMgLay)aneFVIekAGIstþgÁenaH ¬ RbeKn ¦ RBHtibidæcULaPyetßr)an CaRBHGnaKamI ehIybriniBVan .

karEbkFøayénensC¢íkgÁ k¾ÉFutgÁénensC¢íkgÁTaMg 3 CMBUkenH rEmgEbkFøaykñúgxN³lµmfa CakaredkcuHeTA . enHCakarEbkFøaykñúgensC¢íkgÁenH .

GanisgSénensC¢íkgÁ cMENkGanisgSmandUcteTAenH KW ³ 1 - kat;eRKÓgcgcitþEdleBalkñúg)alIfa PikçúRbkberOy ² nUvesckþI suxkñúgkaredk suxkñúgkarTeRmtxñg suxkñúgkaredklk; dUecñHecal)an . 2 - mankargayRsÜlkñúgkarRbkbkmµdæanTaMgBYg . 3 - man\riyabfKYr[RCHføa . 4 - CaGñksmEdlnwgeFVIesckþIBüayam . 5 - smµabdíbtþiceRmIneLÍgedayl¥ .

GvsanKafakñúgensC¢íkgÁ eRBaHehtuEdlRBHeyaKIGgÁúyBt;EPñk taMgkay[Rtg; rEmgjúaMg hb£T½yrbs;mar[jab;j½r PikçúGñklHesckþIsuxkñúgkaredk suxkñúgkar lk; R)arB§esckþIBüayam eRtkGrkñúgkarGgÁúy júaMgéRBKWtbFm’[rugerOg rEmg)anbItisuxEdlR)ascakGamis eRBaHehtuenaH PikçúGñkmanbBaØaKYr


386 mhadÍka ensC¢íkgÁ

bMeBj[l¥nUvensC¢íkgÁehag . enHCaBaküBN’na karsmaTan víFI ¬ bdíbtþi ¦ RbePT karEbkFøay nigGanisgSénensC¢íkgÁ .

mhadÍka BN’naensC¢íkgÁ

bTfa esyüM )andl; esyü EdlCalkçN³rbs;\riyabf ¬ KW RtÚv ERbfa karedkenaHÉg eRBaHBaküfa esyü ERbfa TIedkk¾)an ¦ k¾eRBaH mankarbdíesFn_karedkenaH ² Ég TIedkTaMgLaymany:agenHfa { ERK BUk } CaedÍm EdlCaRbeyaCn_dl;karedkenaH k¾mankarRtÚvbdíesFn_ pgEdr . mü:agvíjeTot karedkb:ueNÑaHCavtßúEdlRtÚvevorkñúgFutgÁmatikaenH eRBaHBaküfa { ensC¢ík } kñúgTIenHbMNgykesckþIfa )andl; Gñkman RbRktIbdíesFkaredk ehIyenAedaykarGgÁúyenaHÉg . \riyabfeRkA BIenHminEmnCavtßúEdlRtÚvevoreT eRBaHelakmin)anRtÚvkary:agenaH nig eRBaHCay:agenaHmin)an . BitNas; elakR)afña\riyabfEdlCacMENk énesckþIx¢ilRcGUsedayPaBCa vtßúEdlRtÚvevorcakkñúgFutgÁmatikaenH min R)afña\riyabfeRkABIenHeT ehIynrNa ² k¾minGacnwgeFVIkay[RbRBwtþ eTAy:agenaH)an eRBaHehtuenaH karedkb:ueNÑaH CavtßúEdlRtÚvevorkñúg FutgÁmatikaenH . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { ensC¢ík PikçúenaH } dUecñHCaedÍm. Kb,I ¬ eRkakeLÍg ¦ c®gámcuH minKb,IKitfa { eyIg CaPikçúkan;ykkarGgÁúyCaRbRktI } dUecñHeLÍy ehIyRTaMGgÁúyenAGs;raRtI RKb;yamenaHeT .


387 mhadÍka ensC¢íkgÁ

BitNas; ragkayEdlRtÚv\riyabfdéTGnueRKaH rEmgCarbs;KYrdl; mnsikar . ekAGI eQµaHfa bBa©gÁ edayGgÁ 5 TaMgenHKW eCÍgTaMg 4 bEg¥k 1 . GacarümYyBYkeToteBalfa bBa©gÁ edayemERK 4 kMNat; nigedaybEg¥k xñg 1 dUecñH . elakGacarübMNgnwgkarBar karkan;ykénensC¢íkPikçú edayPñak;édRtg;sgxagTaMg2 nig Rtg;xagxñgy:agsuxEdlfa { minman GVIEbøkepSgBIPikçúGñkminkan;ensC¢ík } dUecñH eTIbelIkRBHGPyetßrCatYy:ag fa RBHefr³CaRBHGnaKamI ehIybriniBVaneTAdUecñH . Kb,IeXIjPaBCa krNsaFn³énFm’Edlkat;kielsCaeRKÓgCab; CMBak;fa eQµaHfa ]becäTnM eRBaHGtßfa CaeRKÓgkat;dUecñHcuH . eQµaHfa mankargayRsÜlkñúgkarRbkberÓy ² nUvkmµdæanTaMgBYg k¾eRBaHkar GgÁúyCacMENkénkarminsøútcitþ nig karminraymay . eRBaHehtuenaH Ég eTIb)anPaBCaGñkman\riyabfKYr[RCHføa . eQµaHfa manPaBs½kþi smcMeBaHkarR)arB§esckþIBüayam )andl; PaBCaGñksmKYrdl;karRbRBwtþi esckþIBüayam)anCanic©kal . eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbeQµaHfa mankar ceRmInsmµabdíbtþi . bTfa bNiFay ERbfa taMg . bTfa tnuM )an dl; kaykMNat;elI . bTfa víkeb,ti ERbfa rEmgjúaMghb£T½y rbs;mar[jab;j½r GFib,ayfa eFVIkarbBaÄb;esckþIRtÚvkar ¬ rbs;mar ¦ )an . Baküfa vtþ ¬ kñúgBaküfa ensC¢íkvtþ ¦ )andl; FutgÁ . cb; karBN’naensC¢íkgÁ ¬ cb; mhadÍka ¦


388 vísuT§imKÁ bkiNÑkkfa

bkiNÑkkfa Tak;TgCamYyFutgÁ

teTAenHCaBaküBN’natambgÁab;énKafaenHKW ³

kusltþiketa ecv . eb . víBaØateBVa vínicäeya vínicä½y >>>Kb,I RCab>>>edaykusltþik 1 edaycMENk s½BÞ man Fut s½BÞ CaedÍm 1 edaysegçb nig edayBisþarCaedÍm 1 .

vinicä½yedaykusltþik³ kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTfa { edaykusltþik } manesckþIfa FutgÁ TaMg Gs;Cakuslk¾man CaGBüaktk¾man Tak;TgedayGñkrkSaEdlCabufuC¢n CaRBHeskç³ nig RBHxINaRsB ¬ Et ¦ FutgÁEdlCaGkusl minman . cMENkbuKÁlNa Kb,IeBalfa FutgÁsUm,ICaGkuslk¾man edayRBH)alI manCaGaTifa { PikçúmanesckþIR)afñalamk RtÚvesckþIR)afñaRKbsgát; ehIyCaGarBaØik }dUecñH / GñkenaHKYrRtÚveBalfa eyIgmin)anniyayfa PikçúmancitþCaGkusl rEmgminenAéRB / fakarenAkñúgéRBrbs;PikçúNaman enA PikçúenaHeQµaHfa GarBaØik / ehIyGarBaØikPikçúenaH Kb,ICaGñkman esckþIR)afñalamkk¾man CaGñkR)afñatic k¾man / k¾ ¬ BaküenH ¦ )aneBal TukehIy ¬ kñúgeBlGFib,ayGtßénBaküfa FutgÁ ¦ fa { GgÁTaMgenHeQµaH fa FutgÁ eRBaHCaGgÁénPikçúEdleQµaHfa Fut ehtuCaGñkkm©at;kiels)an edaykarsmaTanenaH ² mü:ageTot eQµaHfa FutgÁ eRBaHmanjaNEdl )anevaharfa Fut ehtuCa eRKÓgkm©at;kielsCaGgÁ mü:ageTot GgÁTaMg enHeQµaHfa Fut eRBaHkm©at;eTasEdlCaswksRtÚvpg CaGgÁénkarbdíbtþi


389 vísuT§imKÁ bkiNÑkkfa

pg sUm,IeRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQµaHfa FutgÁ } dUecñH buKÁlNaEdlnwg Kb,ImanFutgÁTaMgenaHCaGgÁ )aneQµaHfaCa Fut ¬ Gñkkm©at;kiels)an ¦ edayrkGkuslminman / GkuslEdlnwgCaehtu[FutgÁ )aneQµaHfa FutgÁ eRBaHeFVIGkusl[CaGgÁkm©at;kielsNa ² )an minman / TaMg Gkuslnwgkm©at;bdíbkçeTas mankarelµaPkñúgcIvrCaedÍm k¾min)an / GgÁ énkarbdíbtþik¾min)an eRBaHehtuenaH Baküfa {FutgÁCaGkuslminman} enHeTIbCaBaküEdleBall¥ehIy . cMENkFutgÁrbs;PikçúGgÁNaputeTAGMBIkusltþik eBaltam ¬esckþIBit eTA¦ FutgÁrbs;PikçúTaMgenaHminmanEtmþg vtßúEdlminman nwg)aneQµaHfa CaFutgÁ eRBaHkm©at;GVI sUm,IkarxuscMeBaHRBH)alI ¬ [ ¦smaTanFutKuN TaMgLay ehIyRbRBwtþ RKan;EtCakarkan;ykrbs;GñkTaMgenaHb:ueNÑaH eRBaHdUecñaH Bakürbs;GñkTaMgLayenaH eTIbminKYrkan;yk enHCaBakü BN’naedaykusltþikCalMdab;dMbUgsin .

vinicä½yedayEck FutaTi s½BÞ kñúgmatikafa edayEcks½BÞ man Fut s½BÞCaedÍmenaH Kb,IRCab Fut Kb,IRCab FutvaT Kb,IRCab FutFmµ TaMgLay Kb,IRCabkaresBFutgÁfa Casb,aysRmab;nrNa .

Fut kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTfa Fut sMedAykbuKÁlGñkmankielskm©at;ehIy 1 sMedAykFm’EdlCaeRKÓgkm©at;kiels 1 .


390 vísuT§imKÁ bkiNÑkkfa

FutvaT kñúgbTfa FutvaT Kb,IRCabfa buKÁlCaFut EtminEmnCa FutvaTk¾man / buKÁlminCaFut EtCaFutvaTk¾man / buKÁlCaFut TaMgCaFutvaTk¾man . kñúgbuKÁl 4 CMBUkenaH buKÁlNakm©at;kielsTaMgLayrbs;xøÜneday FutgÁEtmindåknaMeRbónRbedAGñkdéTedayFutgÁ dUcRBHBakuletßr elakCa Fut EtminCaFutvaT dUcelakeBalTukfa GñkEdlCaFut EtminCaFutvaT enH enaH KW RBHBakul³ . cMENkbuKÁlNaminkm©at;kielsTaMgLayrbs; xøÜnedayFutgÁ )anEtdåknaMeRbónRbedAGñkdéT ² edayFutgÁ dUcRBH]bnnÞetßr elakenHminCaFut EtCaFutvaT dUcelakeBalTukfa GñkEdlmin CaFut EtCaFutvaTenHenaH KW RBH]bnnÞsakübutþ . buKÁlNaminmanTaMg BIrpøÚv dUcCaRBHelaLúTayI buKÁlenHmineQµaHfa Fut TaMgFutvaT dUc elakeBalTukfa GñkEdlminmanTaMgFut TaMgFutvaTenHenaH KW RBHelaLúTayI . cMENkbuKÁlNadl;RBmTaMg 2 pøÚv dUcRBHFmµesnabtIEdlmanTaMg Fut TaMgFutvaT dUcelakeBalTukfa GñkEdlmanTaMgFut TaMgFutvaTenH enaH KW RBHsarIbutþ dUecñH .

FutFmµ matikafa Kb,IRCabFutFm’TaMgLayenaH manvínicä½yfa Fm’ 5 Rbkar EdlCabrivarrbs;FutgÁectnaTaMgenHKW Gb,icäta ¬ esckþIR)afñatic ¦ / snþúdæíta ¬ esckþIsenþas ¦ / seløxta ¬ karbdíbtþidusxat;kiels ¦/ bvíevkta ¬ karenAs¶b;s¶at; ¦ / \Tmtßita ¬ esckþIdågfa vtßúenHman


391 vísuT§imKÁ bkiNÑkkfa

RbeyaCn_ ¦ eQµaHfa FutFmµ edayRBH)alIfa ¬ PikçúEdlmankarenAéRB CaRbRktI ¦ eRBaHGaRs½yesckþIR)afñatic dUecñHCaedÍm . kñúgFm’TaMgenaH Gb,icäta nig snþúdæíta rab;cUlkñúgGelaP³ / seløxta nig bvíevkta rab;cUlkñúgFm’TaMg 2 KW GelaP³ nig Gemah³ / \Tmtßita )andl; bBaØa enaHÉg . Fm’TaMg 2 ¬ KW GelaP³ nig Gemah³ ¦ enaH Pikçú GñkRbRBwtþFutgÁ rEmgkm©at;esckþIelaPkñúgvtßúEdlRtÚvhamTaMgLay)an edayGelaP³ / km©at;esckþIvegVgEdlbiT)aMgeTaskñúgvtßúEdlRtÚvham TaMgenaH enaHÉg )anedayGemah³ . mü:ageTot rEmgkm©at;kamsuxløikanueyaK EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkaresB bc©½yTaMgLayEdlRTg;GnuBaØat ecj)anedayGelaP³ / km©at;GtþkilmfanueyaK EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgpøÚvtwgEtghYsRbmaNenAkñúgFutgÁTaMgLay )an edayGemah³ / eRBaHehtuenaH Fm’ 5 RbkarenH Kb,IRCabfa Ca FutFmµ .

FutgÁ matikafa Kb,IRCabFutgÁTaMgLay mann½yfa Kb,IRCabFutgÁ 13 KW bgSúkUlikgÁ . l . ensC¢íkgÁ FutgÁTaMgenH)aneBalehIy TaMgedayGtß nig edaybkiNÑk³ manlkçN³CaedÍm .

FutgÁesvna matikafa karesBFutgÁCasb,aysRmab;GñkNaenaH GFib,ayfa kar esBFutgÁCasb,aysRmab;GñkCa raKcrit nig emahcrit eRBaHehtuGVI eRBaHkaresBFutgÁCaTukçabdíbTa ¬ bdíbtþilM)ak ¦ nig Caseløxvíhar


392 vísuT§imKÁ bkiNÑkkfa

¬RbRBwtþy:agtwgrwg ¦ EdlraK³rEmgs¶b; eRBaHGaRs½yTukçabdíbTa / emah³ GñkEdlminRbmaT rEmglHbg;)an eRBaHGaRs½yseløxbdíbtþi . mü:ageTot kñúgFutgÁTaMgenH karesBGarBaØikgÁ nig rukçmUlikgÁCa sb,ay sUm,IeTascrit eRBaHkalbuKÁleTascritenaH enAkñúgTIenaHmin manGñkNab:HBal;rMxankñúgéRB nig Kl;eQIenaH sUm,IeTas³k¾rEmgs¶b; Edr enHCaBaküBN’naedayEcks½BÞ man Fut s½BÞ CaedÍm .

vinicä½yeday segçb nig Bisþar edaysegçb matikafa edaysegçb nig edayBisþarenaH manvínicä½yfa k¾FutgÁ TaMgenHedaysegçbman 8 y:ag KW GgÁCaRbFan 3 GgÁEdlminlayLM Kña 5 . kñúgGgÁTaMg3 enH sbTancarikgÁ ÉkasnikgÁ GeBÖakasikgÁ CaGgÁ RbFan edaykarrkSasbTancarikgÁÁ k¾RtÚvrkSabiNÐ)atikgÁpgEdr nig kalrkSaÉkasnikgÁ sUm,IbtþbiNÐikgÁ nig xlubcäaPtþikgÁ k¾nwgCakarEdl RtÚvrkSay:agl¥pgEdr / kalrkSaGeBÖakasikgÁ nwgmanGVIeQµaHfa RtÚvrkSa rukçmUlikgÁ nig yfasnßtikgÁenaH dUecñHFutgÁeTIbman 8 b:ueNÑaH KW GgÁ RbFan 3 enH nigGgÁminlayLMKña5 enHKW GarBaØikgÁ bgSúkUlikgÁ etcIvrikgÁ ensC¢íkgÁ esasanikgÁ . edaysegçbmü:ageTot man 4 dUecñHKW Tak;TgedaycIvr 2 Tak;Tg edaybiNÐ)at 5 Tak;Tgedayesnasn³ 5 Tak;Tg edayvÍriy³ 1 / kñúg 4 y:agenaH ensC¢íkgÁ CaGgÁTak;Tgeday vÍriy³ eRkABIenH niyayc,as; ehIy .


393 vísuT§imKÁ bkiNÑkkfa

edaysegçbmü:ageTot FutgÁTaMgGs;enaHman 2 edayTIGaRs½y KW GaRs½ybc©½y 12 GaRs½yvÍriy³ 1 sUm,Icat;CaGgÁEdlKYresBk¾Ca 2 dUcKña k¾PikçúNaesBFutgÁ kmµdæanceRmIneLÍg PikçúenaHk¾KYresB kal PikçúNaesBehIy kmµdæanvínas PikçúenaHk¾minKYresB / mü:ageTot sUm,I GñkesBk¾eday minesBk¾eday kmµdæank¾Kg;ceRmInminvínas kal ¬Kit¦ GnueRKaHdl;CnCMnan;eRkayk¾KYresB / sUm,IesBk¾eday minesBk¾eday kmµdæank¾minceRmIn k¾KYresBdUcKña edÍm,ICavasnateTA / FutgÁEckCa 2 k¾)an edaycat;CaGgÁEdlKYYresB nig minKYresBdUecñHÉg . sUm,IkñúgGdækfaTaMgLay k¾eBalsegçbTukfa { FutgÁTaMgBYgenaHEck Etmü:agedayGMNacénectna eRBaHectnakñúgkarsmaTanFutgÁCaectna EtmYyb:ueNÑaH } dUecñH GacarüxøHeBalTukfa { ectnay:agNa FutgÁk¾ y:agenaH } ¬ FutgÁ k¾KW ectna ¦ .

edayBisþar cMENkedayBisþar FutgÁman 42 KW sRmab;Pikçú 13 sRmab; PikçúnI 8 sRmab;sameNr 12 sRmab;sikçimana nig sameNrI 7 sRmab;])ask ])asika2 k¾ebIéRBsµsan)anlkçN³CaGarBaØikgÁenAkñúgTIvalesat sUm,I PikçúmYyrUbk¾GacesBFutgÁ)anTaMgGs;RKb;matikakñúgeBlEt 1 / sRmab; PikçúnI GarBaØikgÁ nig xlubcäaPtþikgÁ TaMgBIrmatikaenHRTg;hamTukeday sikçabT / GgÁ 3 KW GeBÖakasikgÁ rukçmUlikgÁ esasanikgÁenH PikçúnI rkSalM)ak eRBaHkarenAevorcaksRBhµcarI minKYrdl;PikçúnI k¾ÉkñúgTI dUecñaH ®sþIsMLaj;EdlmanqnÞ³esµIKña rk)anedaylM)ak ebIsinrk)anvíj k¾min putGMBIkarenARcLÚkRcLMKña kalebIdUecñaH PikçúnIkalebIesBFutgÁedÍm,I


394 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

RbeyaCn_Na RbeyaCn_enaH minseRmcdl;elakeLÍy Kb,IRCabfa eRBaHkarEdlminGacesBy:agenH FutgÁsRmab;PikçúnITaMgLayKb,Idk 5 ecj enAsl; 8 b:ueNÑaH . mü:ageTot bNþaFutgÁtamEdleBalehIy evorEtetcIvrikgÁecj sl; 12 Kb,IRCabfa CaGgÁsRmab;sameNr / 7 CaGgÁsRmab;sikçmana nig sameNrI / cMENksRmab;])ask])asika manFutgÁ 2 eRBaHFutgÁ KW ÉkasnikgÁ btþbiNÐikgÁenHb:ueNÑaH smKYrpg GacesB)anpg dUecñHedayBisþarman 42 edayRbkardUecñHÉg . enH CaBaküBN’naeday segçb nig Bisþar . ÉkfaedayFutgÁ k¾CavtþEdlPikçúKb,IsmaTanedÍm,IjúaMgKuNTaMgLay manesckþIR)afñatic nig senþasCaedÍm EdlCaeRKÓgbrisuT§pUrpg;énsIl manRbkardUceBalehIy [dl;RBmkñúg vísuT§imKÁ EdlRTg;sEmþgedaypøÚv sIl smaFi bBaØa edayRBHKafaEdlepþÍmeLÍgfa sIel btidæay nera sbeBaØa enHCaBaküEdleBalehIyedaykfamKÁRtwmb:ueNÑH .

mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfaTak;TgnwgFutgÁ FutgÁTaMgLayTak;TgedayGñksmaTanEdlCaRBHeskç³ nig bufuC¢n k¾CakuslTak;TgedayGñksmaTanEdlCaRBHxINaRsBk¾CaGBüakt³ . kñúgbuKÁlTaMgenaH RBHeskç³ nig bufuC¢nTaMgLay rEmgrkSaFutgÁedÍm,I eFVIeKalbdíbtþi[eBjelj / RBHxINaRsBTaMgLay rEmgrkSaFutgÁ edÍm,IkarenACasux . Baküfa FutgÁCaGkuslk¾man manGFib,ayfa karesBFutgÁrEmg


395 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

man)anedaycitþCaGkusl BaküenaHminRtwmRtÚv / bBVCítmanPaBCaGñk enAéRBCaRbRktIedayGkuslcitþNa GkuslcitþenaHmineQµaHfa FutgÁ eLÍy . eRBaHehtuGVI eRBaHminmanlkçN³ ¬ énFutgÁ ¦. BitNas; Pav³én buKÁlkþI jaNkþI ectnakþI EdleQµaHfa Futehtu k¾eRBaHkm©at;nUvkiels TaMgLay)anCaGgÁ / Pav³enaH rEmgminmankñúgGkuslFm’TaMgLay . eRBaHdUecñaH edÍm,IsEmþgesckþIenHfa PikçúnwgeQµaHfa CaGarBaØikCaedÍm edayehtuRKan;EtenAéRBCaedÍm k¾edaycuH Etfa minEmnmanGgÁTaMgLay manGarBaØikCaedÍmenaHeT dUecñHeTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { eyIg minsUmeBalfa } dUecñHCaedÍm . kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTfa \mani ERbfa FutgÁTaMg enH . CaBaküEdl )an eBalehIykñúgkarsEmþgGFib,ayGtßrbs;BaküxagedÍm GFib,ayfa nrNa ² nwgeQµaHfaCa Fut edayn½yfa km©at;kielsTaMgLayeday Gkusl minman . EdlCaPikçúGñkmanGgÁ KW karsmaTanTaMgenH . elakGacarüsEmþgfa { FutgÁEdlCaGkuslminman } Tuk sUm,Ieday Gtßvíkb, ¬eKalkMNt;n½yrbs;FutgÁ ¦ dMbUgenH . Baküfa nig ¬ sRmab;karsmaTan>>>eFVIGkusl[CaGgÁ ¦ Gkusl nwgkm©at;)aby:agNa ² )anminman mann½yfa Gkuslnwgkm©at;)ab Na ² )an minmaneLÍy eRBaHminEmnCaFm’EdlCabdíbkçKña . bTfa eysM mann½yfa sRmab;karsmaTanTaMgLay Kb,I hA)anfa FutgÁ TaMgenaH eRBaHeFVIGkuslenaH[CaGgÁ dUceFVIjaN[CaGgÁ . sUm,I edayvíkb,TI 2enH elaksEmþgfa { FutgÁEdlCaGkusl minman } . Baküfa TaMgGkusl ¬ nwgkm©at;)ab . l . CaedÍm CaBaküRbkb


396 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

esckþIedayTak;TgCamYy Gtßvíkb,TI 3 . Baküfa eRBaHdUecñaH CaedÍm CaBaküniyay bBa¢ak;dl;Gtßn½yEdl)aneBalehIyenaHÉg . Baküfa PikçúrUbNa elakGacarüeBalsMedAykPikçúEdlenAkñúg GPyKirIvíhar . BitNas; PikçúTaMgenaHeBalfa eQµaHfa FutgÁ CabBaØtþi . elakGacarübMNgsEmþgfa kalebIy:agenaH sUm,IGtßfa km©at;kiels TaMgLaykþI PaBCaFm’EdlKYrsmaTankþI k¾Kb,Imanmin)an eRBaHPaBEdl FutgÁenaHminmanedaybrmtß eRBaHehtuenaH Bakürbs;PikçúEdlenAkñúg GPyKirIvíharenaH rEmgxusCamYyRBH)alI dUecñHeTIbelakeBalfa{¬sUm,I PikçúBYkNamanFutgÁ ¦EdleQµaHfa xusGMBIkusltþik } dUecñHCaedÍm . Baküfa eRBaHehtuenaH mann½yfa eRBaHehtuEdleTasTaMgenH Pikçú lM)aknwgkarBar)anedayFm’EdlCacMENkrbs;bBaØtþi eRBaHehtuenaH Bakürbs;PikçúBYkenaH bNÐitminKYrkan;yk mann½yfa Kb,Ikan;ykFm’ EdlCacMENkénectna Edlmann½ydUc)aneBalehIyTaMgenaH . eRBaH ehtuEdlelakse®gÁaHFutKuNTaMgenH edaybTdMbUg nig bTTI 3 kñúg kusltþik³)an / dUecñaHbNÐitKb,IsEmþgkarse®gÁaHFutKuNTaMgenaH sUm,I edaybTTaMgLayén tik³ nig Tuk³ d¾esstamsmKYry:agenH KW FutKuN Edlsm,yutþCamYysuxevTnak¾man FutKuNEdlsm,yutþCamYyGTukçmsuxevTnak¾man FutKuNEdlmanví)akFm’CaFmµtak¾man FutKuNEdlmin manví)akFm’CaFmµtak¾man FutKuNEdlCaGnu)aTinñú)aTaniyFm’ ¬ min)an RtÚv])aTanRbkan;x¢ab;edayPaBCaplrbs;kmµ EtCaGarmµN_rbs;])aTan )an ¦ k¾man FutKuNEdlCaGsgáílidæsgáíelsikFm’ ¬ min)anRtÚvkiels eFVI[esAhµg EtCaGarmµN_rbs;kiels)an ¦ k¾manCaedÍm .


397 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

RBHGrhnþsUm,IRKb;GgÁ eQµaHfa FutkielsbuKÁl ¬ buKÁlGñkkm©at; kielsehIy ¦ k¾Bit Etfa kñúgTIenH elakbMNgykRBHxINaRsBGñk km©at;kiels edayminmankaresBFutgÁCaRckpøÚv taMgenAfaCa { Fut kielsbuKÁl } buKÁlGñkkm©at;kielsehIy . RBHGriymKÁ sUm,ITaMgGs; k¾dUcy:agenaH/ eQµaHfa Fm’CaeRKÓgkm©at;kielsedaynib,riyay¬Rtg; ¦ / edayBiess k¾)andl;mKÁCan;x<s; ¬GrhtþmKÁ¦ . Etedaybriyay ¬ Gm ¦ )andl; víbsSnajaNCaedÍm . edaykarkMNt;y:agTab Kb,IeXIjfa )andl; jaNEdlsm,yutþ CamYyectnakñúgFutgÁ . elakGacarü kalsEmþgs½BÞfa Fut Tuky:agenH ehIybMNgsEmþgGtßn½ykñúg FutvaT s½BÞ EdlKb,IsEmþgfa eRBaHehtu Edl sUm,IbuKÁlCaFutvaTk¾man 2 CMBUk edayEbkeTAtambuKÁlEdl eQµaHfa Fut dUcbuKÁleQµaHfa Fut swgman 2 CMBUk edayEbkeTAtam buKÁlEdleQµaHfa FutvaT dUecñH eRBaHdUecñaH kñúgGFikarenH eTIbekItCa BYk 4 eday Tak;TgCamYybuKÁlEdlCa Fut FutvaT TaMgenaH ehIybuKÁl EdlbdíesF ¬ KWminCabuKÁlTaMgBIrCMBUkenaH ¦ dUecñHenaH eTIbeBalfa {buKÁl eQµaHfa Fut k¾man } dUecñHCaedÍm . s½BÞfa tyiTM Cani)at/ s½BÞfa tyiTM enaHmanGtßn½yfa {esa GyM} dUecñH . Baküfa eQµaHfa FutFmµ mann½yfa eQµaHfa FutFmµ eRBaHeFVI GFib,ayfa CaFm’Edl]bkar³dl;ectnakñúgFutgÁ Edl)aneQµaHfa { Fut } eRBaHRbRBwtþeTAedayGMNackarkm©at;)abFm’TaMgLay EdlCabdíbkç ecal)an edaykaresBFutgÁ . eQµaHfa Gb,icäta esckþIR)afñatic nig snþúdæíta esckþIsenþas edaysPav³ k¾)andl; GelaP³ eRBaHRbRBwtþeTA


398 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

edayGakarEdlminelaPkñúgbc©½yTaMgLay EdlminTan;)anTTYl nig Edl)anTTYlehIy . seløxta kardusxat;nUvkiels nig bvíevkta PaBs¶b;s¶at; rYmcUlkñúgFm’ 2 y:ag TaMgenHKW GelaP³ Gemah³ eRBaHCa kardusxat; KW Cakarkat;pþac;)an EdlsgáíelsTaMgLay manesckþI elµaPCaedÍm Edlmankarcg;)ankñúgbc©½yCaedÍm Caehtu ¬ nig ¦ eRBaHCa kareFVIcitþ[s¶b;cakPaBRcLÚkRcLM EdlmanRbePTCaPaBRcLÚkRcLM edayBYkKN³CaedÍm )andl; CaFm’EdlQancuHkñúgxagkñúgGelaP³ nig Gemah³enaH Tak;TincUlkñúgGelaP³ nig Gemah³enaH edayCakarRbRBwtþi eTAy:agBiessénFm’ KW GelaP³ nigGemah³TaMgBIrenaH . buKÁlGñkmanRbeyaCn_ edaykuslFm’TaMgenH eQµaHfa \Tmtßi Edl)aneQµaHfa bBVCít KYrCaGñktaMgenAkñúgFutgÁTaMgLay manbgSúkUlikgÁCaedÍm eRBaHehtuenaH GñksmaTannwgrkSaFutgÁKuNTaMgLaytam EdlRTg;eRbónRbedATukedayjaNNa jaNenaH eQµaHfa \Tmtßita ¬ Pav³énbuKÁlEdlmanRbeyaCn_edaykuslFm’TaMgenH ¦ . eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbelakGacarüeBalfa { \Tmtßita )andl; jaNenaHÉg } dUecñH . Baküfa kñúgvtßúTaMgLayEdlRtÚvbdíesF )andl; kñúgvtßúTaMgLay manKhbtIcIvrCaedÍm EdlKb,IbdíesFedayFutgÁTaMgLayenaH ² . Baküfa ¬ km©at; ¦elaP³ elaP³ KW ¬ km©at; ¦tNða . Baküfa kñúgvtßúTaMgenaH enaHÉg KW kñúgvtßúTaMgLayEdlRtÚvbdíesF . Baküfa EdlbiT)aMg eTas KW biT)aMgeTas manTukçeRBaHkarrkSa karRbRBwtþiGaRs½yGñkdéT nig ecarP½yCaedÍm .


399 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

Baküfa ¬ bc©½yTaMgLay ¦EdlRTg;GnuBaØatTuk KW bc©½yTaMgLay mankRmaleramstV nig sMBt;dNþb;CaedÍm EdlmanpsS³CasuxEdlRBH sasþaRTg;GnuBaØatTukedayTak;TgCamYykareRbIR)as; y:agR)ascak qnÞraK³ . bTfa bdíesvnmuexn ERbfa eday ¬GaRs½y¦ karesBCaRck mann½yfa edayGaRs½ykaresBenaHCaels¬])ay¦ . bTfa Gtiselømuexn ERbfa edayGaRs½ykarbdíbtþidusxat;y:ag éRkElgCaRckpøÚv mann½yfa edayTak;TinCamYykarbdíesFn_TaMgLay sUm,IEdlsmKYr ¬ esB)an ¦ énPikçúGñkkan;fñak;]Rkidæ . raK³ mankareFVIEdlRsNuksuxRsÜlCaTIBwgGaRs½y eTIbmin)ankar taMgmaMkñúgeKalbdíbtþiedaylM)ak eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakGacarüeBal fa k¾eRBaHGaRs½yTukçabdíbTa raK³eTIbs¶b;)andUecñH . Edl)aneQµaHfa seløxFm’ ¬ Fm’dusxat;kiels ¦ rEmgmandl; buKÁlGñkmansm,CBaس kalmansm,CBaس emah³k¾minGactaMgenA)an enaHeLÍy eRBaHmankarminRbmaTCaRbRktI eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak GacarüeBalfa { sRmab;buKÁlEdlminRbmaT eRBaHGaRs½yseløxenaH emah³eTIbRtÚvlHbg;eTA } dUecñH . bTfa Étß ERbfa kñúgbNþaFutgÁ TaMgenH . bTfa ttß KW TIéRB b¤ Kl;eQI . bTfa sIsgÁani ERbfa GgÁEdl CaRbFan mann½yfa )andl; GgÁEdlRbesIrbMput ehtu eRBaHrYmykGgÁ sUm,IdéT² RbkarxøHcUlKña)an edayminmanRbkarEdlCMTas;Kña nigeday Pav³EdleFVI)angay . Baküfa GgÁEdlRbkbKñamin)an KW GgÁEdlevor cakkarlayLMKña)an CamYyGgÁNa ² CakareBal)anfa )andl; GgÁ


400 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

EdlEckCaGgÁEtmYyenaHÉg . eQµaHfa kmµdæanrEmgceRmIneLÍg GFib,ayfa kalbuKÁlraKcrit emahcrit sUm,ICaeTascrit esBFutgÁ RbkarxøH kmµdæanrEmgceRmIneLÍg . kmµdæan eQµaHfa vínaseTAsRmab;PikçúGñkGt;Fn;min)annUvkarbdíbtþi esAhµg eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCamnusSsuxmalCati GFib,ayfa sRmab;PikçúGñk manCatiCamhaburs kmµdæaneQµaHfa rEmgceRmInEtmü:ag . kmµdæan eQµaHfaminceRmIneLÍg k¾sRmab;PikçúGñkR)ascak]bnisS½y. eQµaHfa EmnBit FutgÁmanmYyb:ueNÑaH k¾eRBaH manPav³Caectna dUcCamanEtmYy eRBaHGtßfa CaeRKÓgkm©at;kiels . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb elakeBalfa KW smaTanectnadUecñH . elakGacarükaleBalfa FutgÁTaMgLaycat;faman 42 edayTak; TinCamYybuKÁlTaMgLay EdlsmaTanrkSaFutgÁTaMg 13 dUecñHehIy bMNgnwgsEmþgfa PikçúTaMgLaymankarrkSaFutgÁTaMg 13 )an RBmKñaEt mþg eTIbeBalfa { k¾RbsinebI } dUecñHCaedÍm . kñúgFutgÁTaMgenaH elak eBalfa { Pikçú¬sUm,ImYyrUb¦ rEmgGacnwgesBFutgÁTaMgGs;)ankñúgRKamYy CamYyKña } dUecñH . Kb,ImanBaküsYrfa kalPikçúenAkñúgTIval nwgman rukçmUlikgÁ )any:agNa ? Kb,ImanBaküeqøIyfa GMBIBaküsmaTanEdlfa { ´m©as;sUmbdíesF TIRbk;)aMg / ´m©as;sUmsmaTanGgÁénPikçúGñkenAKl;eQICaRbRktI } dUecñH k¾Kb,IeXIj)anfa FutgÁ ¬ rukçmUlikgÁ ¦ rEmgEbkFøay)an eRBaHehtu RKan; Etfa júaMgGruN[rHeLÍgkñúgTIRbk;)aMgminEmnkñúgTIkNþalval eRBaH dUecñaH sUm,IrukçmUlikgÁenaH k¾rkRbkarxUcxatmin)aneLÍy ¬ sUm,Ikal enAkñúgTIval ¦ eRBaHminmanehtuénkarEbkFøay .


401 mhadÍka bkiNÑkkfa

yfasnßtikgÁ k¾rkRbkarxUcxatmin)any:agenaHdUcKña eRBaHminman esckþIelµaPkñúgesnasn³ . ¬ sRmab;PikçúnI ¦ GarBaØikgÁ RTg;hamTukedaysikçabT RbkarEdl eBaledaykarenApøÚvq¶aycakBYkKN³ / xlubcäaPtþikgÁ k¾rEmgfycuH eTAedayGntiritþePaCnsikçabT karEdlPikçúnInwgeFVIePaCn[CasMNl; ehIyqan;rEmgmin)an . k¾karsmaTanFutgÁ rEmgmanedÍm,IlHbg;PaB elµaPkñúgvtßúEdlCakb,iy³ ¬ RtwmRtÚvtamBuT§anuBaØat ¦ / minEmnkñúgvtßúEdl CaGkb,iy³¬ minRtwmRtÚvtamBuT§anuBaØat ¦eT / elakeFVIGFib,ayTukfa eRBaHRtÚvhamTukedaysikçabTenaHÉg . eTIbmanFutgÁ 8 b:ueNÑaH sMBt; TaMg 5 RBmTaMgsMBt;Rkvat;RTÚgCaedÍm rbs;PikçúnI k¾dl;nUvkarrab;fa Ca ticIvr ¬cIvr 3 pÞaMg ¦ enaHÉg . Baküfa ¬ kñúgFutgÁTaMgLay ¦ tamEdl eBalehIy KWkñúgFutgÁ 13 Rbkar EdleBalTuksRmab;PikçúTaMgLay evor EtticIvrikgÁecj d¾ess 12 mandl;sameNrTaMgLay eRBaHminman vín½ykmµ x>GFidæancIvr 3 pÞaMg. Baküfa 7 x mann½yfa kñúgFutgÁ 8 x EdleBalTuksRmab;PikçúnIfycuHeTA 1x k¾sl; 7 x eRBaHminmanvín½ykmµ x>GFidæancIvr 3 cIvr 3 pÞaMg . elakeBalfa 7 x mandl;sikçmanaTaMgLay nigsameNrIdUecñH / eRBaHeFVIBaküfa evorElgetcIvrikgÁecj dUecñH enH[ Cab;tameTAenaHÉg . Baküfa EdlsmKYr )andl; EdlsmKYrdl;PaB Ca])ask])asika enaHÉg . briecäTTI 2 eQµaH FutgÁnieTÞs kñúgbkrN_víess eQµaH vísuT§imKÁ ´m©as;)aneFVIedIm,ICaRbeyaCn_dl;)aemaC¢énsaFuCn dUecñHÉg .


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