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/fhf ds";{ sf] ;';dfrf/sf] ;/nLs[t Copyright © 2015 FL Media All rights reserved

klxnf] c+uh]| L ;+:s/0f @)!% df k|sflzt /f]hd]/L OG8fsf]6åf/f lnlvt / 6]/L lndåf/f k|:t't P6\n; c;f]l;P6\åf/f cf6{ lgb{l] zt ldl8of ;e{åf/f k|sflzt www.mediaserve.org Printed in Nepal ISBN 978 1 906389 45 1 Nepali


csf{] k':ts jf csf{] ;+;f/ <

/fhf /fhf/fhf/fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf/fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf/fhf /fhf /fhf/fhf/fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf/fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf/fhf/fhf /fhf/fhf /fhf/fhf /fhf /fhf /fhf

/fhf /fhf


gd:sf/ ∕

/fhfnfO{ lrGg rfxg'xG' 5 < jf:tljs /fhf <

tkfO{n+ ] sNkgf ug{ ;Sg] cGo /fhfh:tf] xf]Og < To;f] eP ofqfsf] lglDt tof/ x'gx' f];,\ ca tkfO{s + f] hLjgsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] ofqf ;'? x'G5=== of] s'/f ;fgf] dWok"jL{ b]zdf ;'? eof], hxf“ dflg;x¿dfly ;+;f/sf ;a}eGbf q"m/ ;]gfx¿dWo] Pp6fn] zf;g u/]sf] lyof]– /f]dL ;]gf . /f]dLx¿n] O;|fPnsf] ;fgf] e"lddfly cfj|md0f u/] . ltgLx¿n] k"/} ;+;f/ lhTg] of]hgf u/]sf lyP– t/ yf]/n} fO{ dfq yfxf lyof] ls csf]{ s;};u“ Tof]eGbf klg 7"nf] of]hgf lyof] .

sf] < k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf k|FrLg k':tsx¿df n]lvPsf] lyof] . k/d]Zj/n] k[YjLdf cfpg] ;f] /fhfsf] lglDt ;do / :yfg 5gf}6 ug'e{ of] . clg Tof] ;xL lyof] / Tof] 36gf ;fgf] b]z O;|fPndf eof] . /f]dL zf;gsf] cwLgdf ;a} yf]s sl7g lyof] . crDdsf] b]lvg] xltof/n] /f]dL ;}lgsx¿n] s'g} klg lj/f]wnfO{ q"m/tfk"js { bdg uy{ ] . clg /f]dLx¿n] kfunsf] h:tf] n'uf nufp“y] eg]/ tkfO{n+ ] ;f]Rg'xG' 5 eg] alKt:df lbg] o"xGgfnfO{ x]gx{' f]; \ . phf8–:yfgdf a:g] pgL g} lyP . pgsf] af/]df xNnf km}lnof] / pgn] s] ug{ nfu]sf 5g\ eg]/ w]/} dflg;x¿ x]g{ uP . pgL jf:tjd} h+unL dflg; lyP / pgn] nufPsf] s]xL crDdsf kf]zfsx¿ pm“6sf] /f}n+ ] ag]sf lyP . clg Tof] g/fd|f] xf] eg]/ tkfO{n+ ] ;f]Rg'xG' 5 eg] pgn] s] vfGy] eg]/ tkfO{n+ ] ghfg];Dd kv{gx' f]; \ .

k/d]Zj/ .

s] /] < 2


;nx / dx .

f]

5\of . t/ o"xGgfnfO{ k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgfsf] af/]df yfxf

lyof]– /fhf cfp“b} x'gx' G' Yof] eg]/ pgnfO{ yfxf lyof] . To;}n] dflg;x¿nfO{ tof/ kfg{ pgL phf8–:yfgdf g} a;] .

s]sf] nflu tof/L <

/f]dL ;fd|fHodf w]/} bf;x¿ lyP– s}bLx¿n] s'g}

Hofnf glnO{ cfkm"nfO{ s}b ug{] JolQmsf] ;]jf ug'k{ Yof{ ] . ltgLx¿ :jtGq eP klg ltgLx¿ s]xL s'/fsf] bf; lyP eGg] s'/f dflg;x¿n] hfg]sf lyPgg\ . xfd|F] lglDt k/d]Zj/n] rfxgfePsf] s'/f xfdLn] u'dfof}+ eg] clxn] klg xfdL cfÇg} bf; x'G5f} + . xfd|f] hLjgsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf u'dfpg' eg]sf] kfk xf] . k/d]Zj/n] xfd|f] lglDt ;a}eGbf /fd|f] yf]s rfxg'xG' 5 lsgeg] pxf“n] xfdLnfO{ k|d] ug'x{ G' 5 . cfÇgf] ;dosf dflg;x¿– / xfdLnfO{ hLjgsf] ;xL af6f]df Nofpg ;xfotf ug{ k/d]Zj/;“u ljz]if of]hgf 5 eg]/ o"xGgfnfO{ yfxf lyof] . pxf“n] cfÇgf] k'q o]z," d'lQmbftf– /fhf k7fp“b} x'gx' G' Yof] .

3


o"xGgfn] ltgLx¿nfO{ sf]xL ljz]if JolQm cfp“b} x'gx' G' Yof] / ltgLx¿ tof/ x'gk' 5{ eg]/ atfP . To;kl5 pgn] ltgLx¿nfO{ ob{g gbLdf rf]kn] . pgn] To;nfO{ alKt:df eGy] . ltgLx¿ cfÇgf] hLjgdf ePsf kmf]x/L / ;a} k|sf/sf g/fd|f yf]sx¿ lnP/ uP / ;kmf eP/ aflx/ lg:s]– kfgLsf] sf/0fn] xf]Og t/ To;n] ;ª\st] ug{] ltgLx¿sf] Xbodf k/d]Zj/sf] sfdsf] sf/0fn] . ;a}lt/af6 dflg;x¿ o"xGgfnfO{ x]g{ clg /fhf / /fHosf] af/]df pgn] atfPsf s'/fx¿ ;'Gg cfP . æx]/ . ;'g . ltdLn] s]xL s'/f klg b]vs ] f 5}gf},Æ o"xGgf lrRofP . æ/fhf cfp“b} x'gx' G' 5 . dl;t pxf“sf] t'ngf gug'x{ f]; \ . d t s]jn ;Gb]zjfxs dfq} x' “ . d t pxf“sf] h'Qf ;kmf ug{ klg of]Uosf] 5}g “ .Æ clg To;kl5– /fhf cfpg'eof] . t/ s;}n] klg pxf“nfO{ lrg]g– alKt:df lbg] o"xGgf afx]s .

lsg <

lsgeg] pxf“ /fhfh:tf] b]lvg'xG' gYof] . pxf“ ;fwf/0f dflg;h:t}

b]lvg'xG' Yof] . x/]s dflg;h:t} . clg pxf“ o"xGgfsxf“ hfg'eof] / cfkm"nfO{ alKt:df lbg cg'/f]w ug{e' of] . o"xGgf crDddf k/] . æd}n] rflx“ tkfO{a+ f6 alKt:df lng'k5{– tkfO{n+ ] daf6 xf]Og,Æ o"xGgfn] pxf“nfO{ eg] . t/ /fhfn] cfu|x ug'e{ of] .

To;kl5 s] eof] < ha /fhf kfgLdf

hfg'eof], crDdsf] 36gf 36\of] . k/d]Zj/sf] kljq cfTdf pxf“dfly cfpg'eof] / To;kl5 k/d]Zj/n] eGg'eof], ælogL d]/f lk|o k'q x'g \ . d pgnfO{ k|d] u5'{ / d jf:tjd} logL;“u k|;Gg 5' .Æ jf:tjd} k/d]Zj/ crDdsf] x'gx' G' 5 . pxf“h:tf] sf]xL klg 5}g . pxf“ jf:tjdf dxfg\– cgGt x'gx' G' 5 . s]xL /x:odo tl/sfn] k/d]Zj/ tLg JolQmdf Ps x'gx' G' 5M k/d]Zj/ lktf, k/d]Zj/sf] k'q o]z" v|Li6 -of] syfsf /fhf_ / crDdsf kljq cfTdf . o]zn" ] alKt:df ln“bf pxf“ ;a} Toxf“ x'gx' G' Yof] . jf:tjdf k/d]Zj/ ;w}+ Ps} k6sdf tLg JolQm x'gx' G' 5 .

crDdsf] s'/f .

4


.

To;kl5 cfÇgf] /fHosf] af/]df x/]snfO{ atfpg ;'? ug{] ;do cfPsf] lyof] eg]/ /fhfnfO{ yfxf lyof] . t/ pxf“n] Tof] ug'e{ Gbf cl3 ljleGg s'/fx¿ sl7g eP . pxf“ /fhf eP klg pxf“n] s]xL hf“rx¿ pQL0f{ ug'k{ Yof{ ] .

s:tf] k|sf/sf] hf“r <

tL hf“r ­ x¿ tkfO+{ / d}n] slxNo} pQL0f{ ug{ ;Sb}gf} + . pxf“ PsfGt :yfgdf hfg'eof], hxf“ s]jn h+unL hgfj/x¿ dfq} a:y] . pxf“n] s'g} klg vfg]s/' f nfg'ePg . pxf“ Toxf“ w]/} lbgsf] lglDt a:g'eof] . /fhf cfpg'ePsf] 5 eg]/ k/d]Zj/nfO{ yfxf lyof], /fhf cfpg'ePsf] 5 eg]/ o"xGgfnfO{ klg yfxf lyof]=== t/ sf]xL c¿nfO{ klg of] s'/f yfxf lyof] .

sf] <

k/d]Zj/sf] zq'– z}tfg . z}tfg Ps k6s k/d]Zj/sf] rlDsnf] :ju{bt" dWo] Pp6f lyof]– k/d]Zj/sf ljz]if\ ;]jsx¿ / ;Gb]zjfxsx¿ . t/ z}tfg cfÇgf] e"ldsfdf ;Gt'i6 ePg . To;n] k/d]Zj/h:t} zlQmzfnL x'g rfx\of] . To;n] k/d]Zj/sf] lj/f]w u¥of] / :ju{af6 To;sf] r]nfx¿;lxt Tof] lgjf{l;t ul/Psf] lyof] .

x/]s JolQm :jtGq ePsf] k/d]Zj/n] rfxg'xG' 5 . /f]dLx¿af6 :jtGqtf x'g] s'/fsf] af/]df dfq} d}n] s'/f ul//x]sf] 5}g t/ /fhfn] dfq} 7Ls ug{ ;Sg] s]xL ulx/f] s'/fsf] af/]df eGb}5–' kfksf] bf;Tj . To;sf/0f k/d]Zj/n] cfÇgf] k'q o]z" k7fpg'eof] . x/]snfO{ :jtGq kfg{] pxf“sf] of]hgf lyof] .

t

/ z}tfgn] k/d]Zj/nfO{ 3[0ff u5{ / x/]s JolQm g/fd|f] ljrf/, g/fd|f] Jojxf/ / To:t} s'/fsf] bf; ePsf] rfxG5 . z}tfgn] /fhfnfO{ klg g/fd|f] ljrf/df bf; agfpg] sf]l;; u/]sf] lyof] . Tof] h+unL :yfgdf k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf k5\ofpg'sf] ;f6f] /fhfsf] cfÇg} cfjZostf / rfxgfdf ;dlk{t u/fpg To;n] pxf“sf] hf“r u¥of] . ;f“rf] :jtGqtfsf] lglDt cfzf s]jn k/d]Zj/nfO{ klxnf] :yfgdf /fVg', c¿ dflg;x¿nfO{ bf];f| ] / cfkm}n+ fO{ clGtddf /fVg' xf] eg]/ /fhfnfO{ yfxf lyof] . Tof] sl7g lyof] . t/ pxf“n] r'gf}tLnfO{ lhTg'eof] / pQL0f{ x'ge' of] . z}tfgsf hf“rx¿ .

To;kl5 s] eof] < 5


z}tfg w]/} l/;fPsf] lyof] . To;n] /fhfnfO{ PSn} 5f]l8lbof] / cfÇgf] ;a} 3[0ff phf8–:yfgaf6 cfPsf] JolQm, alKt:df lbg] o"xGgfdfly yf]kl/lbof] .

o"xGgf x]/f]b PlG6kf; eGg] Pshgf

s;/L <

zf;s;“u l/;fPsf lyP . of] dflg;n] cfÇgf] efOsL kTgL;“u ljjfx u/]sf lyP, h'g c;n sfo{ lyPg . o"xGgfn] pgsf] of] e'nnfO{ b]vfOlbP / x]/f]bsL kTgL Psbd} l/;fOg\ . ltgLn] cfÇgL 5f]/L ;nf]dLnfO{ jf:tjd} sfd's gfr gfRg nufOg\, h;n] x]/f]bnfO{ v';L kf5{ eg]/ ltgnfO{ yfxf lyof] . /fd|L s]6Lx¿ pgsf] sdhf]/L xf] eg]/ pgnfO{ yfxf lyof] . ltgsf] kf6L{df pgn] gfr]kl5 x]/f]bn] ;nf]dLn] rfx]sf] s'g} klg yf]s lbG5' eg] . To;}n] ;nf]dLsL cfdfn] ltgnfO{ cToGt} g/fd|f] s]xL s'/f dfUg nufOg\ . alKt:df lbg] o"xGgfsf] lz/ sf6]/ Kn]6df Nofpg] .

s] /] <

xf]Og . x]/f]bn] To:tf] u/] / < x]/f]bn] jf:tjd} g/fd|f] dfg] . pgn] o"xGgfnfO{ dg k/fp“y,] o"xGgf pgsf] cfnf]rgf ug{ 8/fPsf lyPgg\ . o"xGgfn] ;To s'/f af]ns ] f lyP / x]/f]bnfO{ Tof] s'/f yfxf lyof] . t/ pgL dflg;sf] dfem dg gkg{] dflg; ePsf lyP / pgn] cfkm"nfO{ sdhf]/ b]vfpg rfx]gg\, To;}n] x]/f]bn] ltgnfO{ dfg{] cf1f lbP .

s:tf] g/fd|f] .

6


t/ /fhf cem} klg ToxL“ x'gx' G' Yof] / ca ljleGg s'/fx¿ j[l4 x'b“ l} yof] eGg] /fd|f] va/ klg 5 .

/fhfnfO{ r]nfx¿sf] cfjZostf x'G5, pxf“sf] dfu{sf] af/]df l;Sg] dflg;x¿ . clg To;}n] o]zn" ] ;fjwfgLk"js { 5fGg'eof] . ufnLnsf] ;d'bs | f] lsgf/df lx“8b\ } ubf{ pxf“n] l;df]g / cflGb|of; gfdsf b'O{ bfh'efO{nfO{ b]Vg'eof] . ltgLx¿ d5'jf lyP . æd;“u cfpm,Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof] . ædflg;x¿nfO{ s;/L ;dfTg] eg]/ d ltdLx¿nfO{ b]vfpg]5 ' .Æ

clg ltgLx¿n] To;} u/] t <

xf], ltgLx¿ cfÇgf] df5f dfg{] hfn 5f]8/] /fhfsf] ;fydf

uP . lsgf/flt/ /fhfn] b'O{ bfh'efO{nfO{ e]66\ fpg'eof], ofs"a / o"xGgf . pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ klg ToxL s'/f eGg'eof] / ltgLx¿n] /fhf;“u hfg cfÇgf a'afsf] df5f dfg{] Joj;fo 5f]8 ] .

To;kl5 s] eof] <

7


/fhfsf] /fHo x'G5 . w]/} dflg;x¿n] cfÇgf] hLjgsf]

/fhf cfkm}+ x'“ eGg] b]vfO/x]sf lyP eGg] s'/frflx“ ;d:of lyof] . ltgLx¿ jf:tjdf bf; lyP eg]/ ltgLx¿n] hfg]sf lyPgg\ . To;sf/0f k/d]Zj/n] o]zn" fO{ k7fpg'eof]– ltgLx¿sf lglDt pxf“n] /fVg'ePsf] /fHo s:tf] 5 eg]/ dflg;x¿nfO{ b]vfpgsf] lglDt . tfls ltgLx¿ pxf“nfO{ dfq} ;]jf u/]/ :jtGq x'g ;s"g \ .

tkfO{+n] s] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] xf] <

s

ha k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo cfp“5, ;a} yf]s kl/jt{g x'G5 . /fhfn] cfÇgf]

jl/kl/ ePsf x/]s s'/fnfO{ kl/jt{g ub{} x'gx' G' Yof] . /f]uL dflg;x¿ lgsf] eO/x]sf lyP . o]zs " f] jrgåf/f dflg;x¿sf] hLjg kl/jt{g eO/x]sf] lyof] . /fhf cfO;Sg'ePsf] lyof] eg]/ w]/} dflg;x¿nfO{ yfxf lyPg . ltgLx¿n] pxf“nfO{ lrg]gg\ . t/ pxf“n] kfg'e{ Psf] k|efjnfO{ ltgLx¿n] klxrfg u/]sf lyP . o]z" skmg{xd' eGg] ;x/df x'gx' G' Yof] / ox"bL eP/ pxf“n] ox"bL k/Dk/f sfod /fVg'eof] . xKtfsf] Ps k6s zafy eGg] ljz]if lbgdf ox"bLx¿ k/d]Zj/sf] dfu{sf] af/]df l;Sg ;ef3/df hfGy] . o]z" klg hfg'eof] / dflg;x¿nfO{ l;sfpg'eof] . pxf“ crDdsf] lzIfs x'gx' G' Yof] . o]zn" ] eGg'ePsf] h:tf] s'/f s;}n] slxNo} klg ;'gs ] f lyPgg\ . pxf“n] ;f“rf] clwsf/;lxt l;sfpg'eof]– lsgeg] pxf“ /fhf x'gx' G' Yof] . pxf“n] cfÇgf] ;fydf /fHo klg Nofpg'eof] . clg s]xL dflg;x¿nfO{ k|efj kfl//x]sf b'i6fTdfx¿nfO{ o; s'/fn] l/; p7fof] . ;fwf/0f dflg;x¿n] o]z" sf] x'gx' G' Yof] eg]/ lrg]gg\– t/ tL b'i6fTdfx¿n] rflx“ lrg] . æs] tkfO{+ xfdLnfO{ gfz ug{ cfpg'eof] <Æ Pp6f cfTdfn] o]zn" fO{ o;/L s/fP/ lrRofof] . ætkfO{+ sf] x'gx' G' 5 eGg] dnfO{ yfxf 5 . tkfO{+ k/d]Zj/n] k7fpg'ePsf] kljq JolQm x'gx' G' 5 .Æ 8

cfxf . To;kl5 s] eof] <

l c g k


f] of

o

s]xL c;fwf/0f 36gf 36\of] . cfTdfn] Tof] dflg;nfO{ Ps

lkm6 dfly kmfNof] / To;kl5 To;nfO{ 5f]8/] uof] lsgeg] /fhf cfpg'ePsf] lyof] . k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo cfPsf] lyof] / b'i6 hfg' g} kYof{ ] . o]z" lgZro lzIfs dfq} x'gx' G' gYof] t/ b'i6fTdfx¿ klg pxf“sf] ;fd' v8f x'g ;Sb}gy] .

o]z"n] c¿ s] ug'{eof] < pxf“n] dflg;x¿nfO{ lgsf] kfg'e{ of] . pxf“ ;ef3/af6 hfg'ePkl5 pxf“ cfÇgf r]nf l;df]g / cflGb|of;sf] 3/df hfg'eof] . l;df]gsL ;f;" Hj/f]n] ylnPsL lyOg\ . pgL s]xL klg ug{ g;Sg] u/L vf6df ;'lt/x]sL lyOg\ . t/ ha o]z" ltgLsxf“ hfg'eof] / ltgsf] xft ;dfTg'eof], ltgL t'?Gt} lgsf] eOg\ . jf:tjdf ltgn] ;a}sf] lglDt vfgf tof/ ug{ ;Sg] u/L 7Ls ePsf] dx;'; ul/g\ .

s] ePsf] lyof] eg]/ dflg;x¿n] ;'g] / ;'of{:t;Dd 7"nf] eL8 hDdf eof] . Toxf“ w]/} /f]uLx¿ / s]xL b'i6fTdfx¿n] ;tfPsf dflg;x¿ klg lyP .

s:tf] crDd .

o]z"n] s] ug'{eof] < 9


pxf“n] ltgLx¿ ;a}nfO{ lgsf] kfg'e{ of] . To;kl5 csf{] lbg

pxf“ ;'of{b] oeGbf cl3 p7\ge' of] / k|fy{gf ug{ PsfGt :yfgdf hfg'eof] .

tkfO{+n] s] eGg'ePsf] xf] < o]z" k/d]Zj/sf] k'q x'gx' G' Yof] . pxf“n] cfÇgf] lktfnfO{ k|d] ug'x{ G' Yof] / PSn} k/d]Zj/;“u s'/fsfgL ug{ w]/} ;do latfpg'xG' Yof] . To; s'/fnfO{ xfdLn] k|fy{gf eG5f} + .

a:g'ePg . pxf“n] ug'k{ g{] sfd lyof], To;}n]

s] o]z" skmg{x'dd} a:g'eof] <

pxf“n] cfÇgf r]nfx¿nfO{ eGg'eof], æd}n] csf{] :yfgdf ofqf ug'k{ 5{ . d}n] k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo Toxf“ klg Nofpg' h?/L 5 . To;s} nflu d cfPsf] x' “ .Æ pxf“n] ofqf ug'e{ of], ;ef3/x¿df l;sfpg'eof] / /f]uLx¿nfO{ lgsf] kfg'e{ of] . Ps k6s s'i7/f]uLn] o]zs " f] cufl8 cfP/ lgsf] kfl/lbg laGtL ub{} 3'8“ f 6]Sof] . tL lbgx¿df s'i7/f]u km}lng] hf]lvdsf] sf/0f s'i7/f]uLx¿nfO{ :j:y dflg;x¿sf] aLrdf a:g cg'dlt lyPg . o]zn" ] Tof] dflg;nfO{ lgsf] kfg'e{ of] / cfkm}n+ fO{ hf“r ug{ k"hfxf/Lsxf“ hfg eGg'eof] tfls pm ;d'bfodf kms{g ;sf]; \ . t/ af6f]df cfÇgf] rª\ufOsf] af/]df s;}nfO{ klg geGg" eGg'eof] . tfklg Tof] dflg; olt pT;flxt lyof] ls p;n] b]vs ] f x/]s JolQmnfO{ p;n] ;f] s'/f atfof] . To;kl5 w]/e} Gbf w]/} dflg;x¿n] o]zn" fO{ vf]Hg] rfxgf u/] / pxf“n] e|d0f ug'e{ Psf] ;x/df 7"nf] eL8 b]vf k¥of] . To;}n] pxf“ ;x/af6 6f9} a:g] sf]l;; ug'e{ of]– t/ klg dflg;x¿n] pxf“nfO{ e]66\ fp“y ] . Ps lbg pxf“ skmg{xd' df kms{ge' Psf] lyof] / pxf“ cfOk'Ug'ePsf] va/ Ps k6s km]l/ km}lnof], pxf“ a:g'ePsf] 3/df olt w]/} eL8 eof] ls v'66\ f /fVg] klg 7fp“ /x]g . t/ s]xL JolQmx¿ jf:tjd} s'g} s'/fdf lglZrt lyP=== 10

;

; /

æ


;'Tg] vf6;lxt cfÇgf] kIf3ftL ldqnfO{ af]s/] rf/hgf dflg;x¿ cfP . ltgLx¿n]

;xfotf kfpgsf] lglDt olt rfxgf u/]sf lyP ls ltgLx¿n] df6f]sf] 5tdf Kjfn kf/] / o]zs " f] cl3 /f]uLnfO{ tn emf/] . æltd|f kfk Ifdf ul/Psf 5g\,Æ o]zn" ] Tof] dflg;nfO{ eGg'eof] .

s:tf] crDdsf] s'/f eGg'ePsf] .

c¿ dflg;x¿n] klg To:tf] ;f]r ] . s]xL wfld{s Joj:yfsf lzIfsx¿ ToxL“ g} lyP / ltgLx¿n] Pscfk;df ugug ug{ yfn] . æof] O{Zj/ lgGbf xf] . k/d]Zj/n] dfq} kfk Ifdf ug{ ;Sg'xG' 5 .Æ O{Zj/ lgGbf ox"bLx¿n] ug{] ;a}eGbf uDeL/ kfk lyof] . o;sf] cy{ k/d]Zj/sf] gfp“nfO{ cgfb/ ug'{ xf] . tL lzIfsx¿n] lj/f]w u/]sf lyP lsgeg] o]zn" ] k/d]Zj/sf] zlQm cfkm"l;t 5 eg]/ bfaL ul//xg'ePsf] lyof] eGg] ltgLx¿n] a'em]sf lyP .

lt

gLx¿n] s] elg/x]sf 5g\ eg]/ o]zn" ] ;'Gg'eof] / ltgLx¿nfO{ ;f]Wg'eof], æof] s;/L O{Zj/ lgGbf xf] < s'g s'/f eGg ;lhnf] 5M …ltd|f kfk Ifdf ePsf 5g\ jf …v8f xf]pm / lx“8 < k[YjLdf kfk Ifdf ug{] clwsf/ d;“u 5 eg]/ d ltdLx¿;dIf k|dfl0ft ug{5 ]  ' .Æ To;kl5 pxf“ /f]uLlt/ kms{ge' of] / ltgnfO{ eGg'eof], æv8f xf]pm . 3/ hfpm . ltdL lgsf] eO;Sof} .Æ Tof] dflg; pkm\¥of], eL8nfO{ ws]Nb} lgl:sof] .

cxf] . ltgLx¿n] To:tf] slxNo} klg b]v]sf lyPgg\ eg]/ d afhL /fVg ;S5' . 11


Psbd} 7Ls . t/ o]zn" ] tL wfld{s dflg;x¿sf w]/}

;d:ofx¿ lgsfNb} x'gx' G' Yof] . Ps lbg pxf“n] dQL eGg] s/ p7fpg] dflg;nfO{ e]6g\ e' of] . æcfpm / d]/f] kl5 nfu,Æ o]zn" ] ;Nnfx lbg'eof] . dQLn] To;} u/] / Tof] /ft ltgn] o]z" / cfÇgf c¿ ;fyLx¿sf lglDt ef]hsf] cfof]hgf u/] .

of] s'/fn] wfld{s b]lvg] dflg;x¿nfO{ s;/L lg/f; kf¥of] <

Toxf“ c¿ klg lyP . s]xL s/ p7fpg] dflg;x¿ lyP . s]xLsf] g/fd|f] OHht lyof] . ;a} k|sf/sf dflg;x¿n] o]zs " f] jl/kl/ a:g] rfxgf u/]sf lyP . k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo x/]ssf] lglDt xf], s'g} Pp6f ljz]if JolQm jf ;a} s'/f cfkm}n+ ] /fVg rfxg] nf]eL dflg;sf] lglDt xf]Og . kml/;Lx¿ w]/} l/;fPsf lyP . Ælsg o]zn" ] o:tf kfkLx¿sf] aLrdf a;]/ vfO/xg'ePsf] 5 <Æ ltgLx¿n] eg] . ha o]zn" ] of] s'/f ;'Gg'eof], pxf“n] hjfkm lbg'eof], ælg/f]uLx¿nfO{ j}Bsf] vf“rf] kb{g} t/ /f]uLx¿nfO{ dfq} k5{ . To;}sf] nflu d cfP“ . kfkLx¿nfO{ ;xfotf ug{– cfkm" c;n 5' eg]/ ljrf/ ug{s ] f] lglDt xf]Og .Æ

kml/;Lx¿ klg s:tf t <

kml/;Lx¿n] wfld{s lgodx¿ kfng uy{ ] . wfld{s dflg;x¿nfO{ lgod dg k5{ . t/ ;f/f Xbon] k/d]Zj/nfO{ k|d] ug'{ / pxf“nfO{ cfb/ ug'e{ Gbf lgodx¿ kfng ug'{ ;lhnf] x'G5 eg]/ o]zn " fO{ yfxf lyof] . o; s'/fn] kml/;Lx¿nfO{ r'gf}tL lbof] .

tkfO{+n] s] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] < 12

æ lt lt 5 5 T


oL dflg;x¿;“u cfkm"n] vfg] / lkpg] af/]df

lgodx¿ lyP . o]zs " f r]nfx¿n] tL lgodx¿ kfng ub{g} g\ eGg] s'/f ltgLx¿nfO{ dg k/]sf] lyPg . o]zn" ] ltgLx¿sf] l/;sf jrgx¿, cfnf]rgf / ltgLx¿sf] Xbodf x]g{ ;Sg'xG' Yof] .

/] f

rf

lt

æ dL sk6Lx¿,Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof], æltdLx¿sf] cf/fwgf 9f]u+ xf] . ltdLx¿n] cfÇg} lzIffn] k/d]Zj/sf] cf1fnfO{ lj:yfkg u/]sf 5f} . ltdLx¿n] k/d]Zj/sf] Joj:yfsf] ;f6f] cfÇg} lgodx¿ kfng ul//x]sf 5f} . ltdLx¿n] cfjZostfdf k/]sf cfÇgf a'afcfdfnfO{ a]jf:tf u/]sf 5f} / ltdLx¿ ltgLx¿nfO{ ;xfotf ug{ rfx“bg} f} lsgeg] ltdLx¿n] To;sf] ;f6f] k/d]Zj/nfO{ lbPsf 5f}+ eG5f} . s:tf] grflxg] s'/f .Æ

sl7g zAbx¿ . eL8nfO{ Tof] s;/L dg k¥of] <

ckd

]/L

fg

xTof

ltgLx¿n] ;fjwfgLk"js{ ;'g ] . o]zn" ] JofVof ug'e{ of], æk/d]Zj/sf] /fHodf ltdLx¿n] vfg] jf lkpg] s'/fn] s]xL cy{ /fVb}g . ltdLx¿n] eg]sf / u/]sf s'/fn] cy{ /fVb5 .Æ

pxf“n] cfÇgf ;fyLx¿nfO{ JofVof ug'e{ of], æltdLx¿sf ljrf/n] ltdLx¿sf] hLjgnfO{ b"lift kf5{ . ToxL“af6 of}gsf] kfk, rf]/L, xTof, b'i6tf, nf]e, 8fx, s'/f sf6\g,] 3d08 / d"vt{ f ;'? x'G5 . of] ltdLx¿leq 5, aflx/ xf]Og .Æ

3d08

13


o]z" /fhf x'gx' G' Yof] / pxf“sf] /fHodf s;/L lhpg] eg]/ pxf“n]

dflg;x¿nfO{ l;sfO/xg'ePsf] lyof] . tkfO{d+ f z'4 Xbo / z'4 hLjg cfpg ;Sg] Pp6f dfq} ;|ft] eg]sf] o]z" dfq} x'gx' G' 5 . pxf“ tkfO{n+ fO{ k/d]Zj/df u|x0fof]Uo agfpg cfpg'eof] . ljleGg lgodx¿ k5\ofP/ tkfO{n+ ] cfÇg} tl/sfn] To:tf] ug{ ;Sg'xG' g– t/ pxf“af6 dfq} of] x'g ;S5 . kml/;Lx¿ / cGo wfdL{ dflg;x¿n] of] s'/f ;'Gg rfx]gg\ / o]zn" ] ug'e{ Psf] s'/fsf] lg/Gt/ lj/f]w u/], cfnf]rgf ul//x] .

tkfO{+n] s] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] <

ltgLx¿sf] Joj:yfn] zafysf] lbgdf cf/fd ug'k{ 5{

eGb5 . To;sf] cy{ tkfO+n{ ] sfd ug'x{ G' g– / sfdsf] af/]df kml/;Lx¿sf] 7"nf] kl/efiff lyof] . Pp6f zafy lbgdf o]z" ;ef3/df x'gx' G' Yof] / pxf“n] xft s"h“ f] ePsf] dflg;nfO{ b]Vg'eof] . o]zn" ] s] ug{ nfUg'ePsf] 5 eg]/ kml/;Lx¿n] lrof] ul//x]sf 5g\ eg]/ pxf“nfO{ yfxf lyof], To;}n] pxf“ ltgLx¿lt/ kms{ge' of] . pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ af]nfpg'eof] / ;f]Wg'eof], æs] zafysf] lbgdf c;n yf]s ug'k{ 5{ jf v/fa yf]s ug'k{ 5{ <Æ s;}n] klg hjfkm lbg] lxDdt u/]gg\ . To;kl5 pxf“n] Tof] dflg;nfO{ cfÇgf] xft tGsfpm eGg'eof] / t'?Gt} Tof] lgsf] eof] .

s:tf] crDd .

14

/

p k

P s 9 t k a s /


xf], t/ kml/;Lx¿ olt l/;fP ls ltgLx¿ o]zn" fO{ s;/L kG;fpg ;lsG5 eg]/ c¿;“u if8\oGq

ug{ uP . pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ jf:tjd} lbSs kfl//xg'ePsf] lyof] . x/]s 7fp“df 7"nf] eL8n] pxf“nfO{ k5\ofp“Yof], ;a} b]zaf6 dflg;x¿ pxf“nfO{ x]g{ cfp“y­  ] . /fhfn] cfÇgf] /fHo Nofpg'ePsf] lyof] / Tof];u“ } rª\ufO / cfZro{sd{ Nofpg'eof] . :jtGqtf . wfld{s lgodx¿ xf]Og . o]zs " f] kl/jf/nfO{ klg s] eO/x]sf] lyof] eg]/ a'em\g sl7gfO ePsf] lyof] . clxn];Dd w]/} dflg;x¿n] pxf“nfO{ k5\ofP klg o]zn" ] cfÇgf ;xsdL{ eO/xg afx«hgf dflg;x¿nfO{ 5fGg'eof] . pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ /fHodf s;/L lhpg] / /fHosf] sfd s;/L ug{] eg]/ b]vfp“b} ;fjwfgLk"js { 5fGg'eof] . pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ cfÇgf] clwsf/ lbg'eof] . ltgLx¿nfO{ k|foM ær]nfx¿Æ cyf{t\ ælziox¿Æ eg]/ af]nfOGYof] .

ltgLx¿ sf] lyP <

pgLx¿sf] ;"rL o:tf] 5M l;df]g -t/ o]zn" ] pgnfO{ gof“ gfd lbg'eof]M kq';_ af/yf]nf]d lkmlnk f; cflGbo| dQL y]lbo; ofsa" ox" Ggf ofsa" yf]df l;dfg]

To;f] eP oL r]nfx¿n] s] l;s] <

/ ox"bf O:sf]/of]t, hf] wf]sa] fh eof], h'g xfdLn] kl5 yfxf kfpg]5f} + .

/fhfn] lzIffsf] ;fy;fy} rª\ufO klg Nofpg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] pxf“sf s'/f a'em\g ;lhnf] agfpg ljleGg syfx¿ k|of]u ug'x{ G' Yof] . ltgLx¿dWo] Pp6f oxf“ 5M

Pshgf ls;fg lap 5g{ lg:Sof] . p;n] hldgdf lap 5bf{ s]xL af6f]df k/] / r/f cfP/ To;nfO{ vfOlbP . s]xL lap 9'ªu\ g] L hldgdf k/] . lap pd|g yfNof] t/ ;"os { f] ls/0fsf] tfkn] Tof] ;'Sof] lsgeg] Tof] 9'ªu\ g] L hldgdf To;sf] h/fn] kf]if0f kfPg . s]xL lapx¿ sf“8b] f/ hldgdf k/] / sf“8f a9]/ lapnfO{ lg;fl;lbof] To;}n] To;n] km;n pAhfPg . t/ s]xL lap c;n, pj{/ hldgdf k/] / w]/} cgfh pTkfbg u/]– /f]lkPsf] lapaf6 ;o u'0ff;Dd .

To;sf] cy{ s] xf] < 15


ha o]z" cfÇgf afx« r]nfx¿;“u dfq} x'gx' G' Yof], pxf“n] syfsf] af/]df atfOlbg'xG' Yof] . pxf“n] JofVof ug'e{ of]M

la

æ p 5g{] ls;fg eg]sf] dflg;x¿ dfem k/d]Zj/sf] jrg Nofpg] JolQm xf] . af6f]sf] 5]pdf v;]sf] lapn] jrg ;'Gg] s'g} JolQmnfO{ k|ltlglwTj u5{ t/ z}tfg cfP/ ltgLx¿af6 Tof] n}hfG5 . 9'ªu\ g] L hldgn] jrg ;'Gg] / To;nfO{ v';L;fy :jLsf/ ug{] JolQmnfO{ k|ltlglwTj ub{5 t/ ltgLx¿sf] a'emfO ulx/f];Dd uPsf] x'b“ g} / ha ;d:of cfp“5, ltgLx¿ ;'S5g\ lsgeg] ltgLx¿n] ;f“rf] lsl;dn] ljZjf; ub{g} g\ . sf“8b] f/ hldgn] ;'Gg] / ;Gb]z :jLsf/ ug{] dflg;nfO{ k|ltlglwTj ub{5 t/ To;n] hLjgsf b'Mvx¿ / ef}lts ;DklQsf] cfjZostfnfO{ cfkm"eGbf 7"nf] agfp“5g\ . ltgLx¿n] slxNo} klg kmn pTkGg ub{g} g\ . t/ c;n hldgdf k/]sf] lapn] ;'Gg] / k/d]Zj/sf] ;Gb]z :jLsf/ ug{] dflg;sf] k|ltlwlgTj ub{5 / To;sf/0f To;af6 7"nf] km;n pTkfbg x'G5 .Æ k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo ;fgf] /fof]sf] bfgfh:tf] 5 eg]/ o]zn" ] j0f{g ug{e' of] .

;fgf] /fof]sf] lap

Tof] Psbd} ;fgf] x'G5 .

xf], t/ Tof] x'sG{ 5 / 7"nf] la?jf aG5 . Tof] olt 7"nf] x'G5 ls

r/fx¿ To;df af; a:5g\ / To;sf xf“ufx¿df ltgLx¿n] u'8“ agfp“5g\ . ljZjf; eg]sf] klg To:t} xf] . clg /fhfsf r]nfx¿l;t cfÇgf] lglDt Jofjxfl/s tl/sfdf of] s'/f kQf nufpg] cj;/ lyof] .

Ps ;f“em o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ 8'ªu\ fdf / tfnsf] kfl/ hfg eGg'eof] . 7"nf] eL8n] cem} klg k5\ofO/x]sf lyP, To;}n] pxf“nfO{ cfÇgf] lglDt s]xL JolQmut ;do rflxPsf] x'g ;S5 . pxf“ yfSg'ePsf] x'gk' 5{ lsgeg] pxf“ 8'ªu\ fdf g} ;'Tg'eof] . 16

æ

s] eof] <

æ

s t p T


ha 7"nf] cf“wL cfof], ltgLx¿ w]/} 6f9f k'us] f lyPgg\ . 7"nf 5fnx¿ ltgLx¿sf] 8'ªu\ fdf alh|g yfn] / Tof] 8'ªu\ f kfgLn] el/g yfNof] . o:tf] eP klg o]z" ;'lt/xg'ePsf] lyof] . 8/n] lrRofp“b} pxf“sf r]nfx¿n] pxf“nfO{ p7fPM

æu'?Ho", o:tf] x'b“ f klg tkfO{+ jf:tf ug'x{ G' g < xfdL 8'Ag nfu]sf 5f} + .Æ o]z" p7\ge' of], kfgL / cf“wLlt/ kms{/] xsfg'e{ of], æzfGt xf]Ohf .Æ crfgs cf“wL /f]lsof] / ;a} s'/f zfGt eof] .

cfxf .

ltdLx¿ lsg 8/fp“5f} <Æ pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ ;f]Wg'eof] . æs] ltdLx¿n] ddf ljZjf; ub{g} f} <Æ

æ

æof] dflg; sf] xf] <Æ ltgLx¿ crDddf k/] . æcf“wL / 5fnx¿n] klg ltgsf] cf1f kfng u5{g \ .Æ s]xL s'/fdf lrlGtt gxf]cf] t/ k/d]Zj/df ljZjf; /fv eg]/ o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ l;sfp“b} x'gx' G' Yof] . tkfO{n+ ] cfkm}a+ f6 ljZjf; k|fKt ug{ ;Sg'xG' g . t/ k/d]Zj/sf] jrg laph:t} xf]– To;df ljZjf; pTkGg ug{] zlQm 5 . ha tkfO{n+ ] ljZjf;nfO{ sfddf nufpg'xG' 5, cfZro{sd{ x'G5 . ofO/; klg To:t} s'g} JolQm lyP, h;n] of] s'/f l;s] . 17


Okkg!

ofO/; . pgL ;ef3/sf] cu'jf, dxŒjk"0f{ dflg; lyP . ltgsL

;fgL 5f]/L dg{ nfu]sL lyOg\ t/ o]zn" ] ltgnfO{ lgsf] kfg{ ;Sg'xG' 5 eg]/ ltgnfO{ yfxf lyof] . æltgL dg{ nfu]sL l5g\,Æ ltgn] o]zn" fO{ atfP, æs[kof cfpg'xf];\ / tkfO{s + f] xft ltgLdfly /fVg'xf];,\ tfls ltgL af“rf]; \ .Æ

pxf“n] To:t} ug'{eof] t < xf] . pxf“ ofO/;;“u} hfg'eof]– / eL8n] pxf“nfO{

k5\ofof] . eL8df afx« jif{bl] v lg/Gt/ /ut aUg] /f]uaf6 u|l;t ePsL :qL klg lyOg\ . pkrf/ kfpg] rfxgfdf ltgn] j}Bsxf“ cfÇgf] w]/} k};f vr{ u/]sL lyOg\ t/ s'g} s'/fn] klg sfd u/]sf] lyPg . o]ze" Gbf afx]s ltgdf s'g} cfzf lyPg / To;}n] jf:tjdf pxf“sf] glhs hfg ltgn] eL8nfO{ l5rf]n/] uOg\ / pxf“sf] j:qsf] 5]pdf 5f]Og\ . ltgn] ;f]rs ] L lyOg\, æd}n] pxf“sf] n'uf dfq} 5f]P“ eg] klg d lgsf] x'g5 ]  ' .Æ

xf] . ha ltgn] o]zs" f] j:q 5f]Og\, /Qm>fj x'g

/f]lsof] / cfkm" lgsf] ePsL 5' eg]/ ltgn] yfxf kfOg\ . o]zn" ] cfkm"af6 rª\ufO ug{] zlQm lgl:sPsf] t'?Gt} yfxf kfpg'eof] . pxf“ k5fl8 kms{ge' of] / ;f]Wg'eof], æs;n] d]/f] n'uf 5f]of] <Æ r]nfx¿n] hjfkm lbP, æo:tf] 7"nf] eL8 5– tkfO{n+ fO{ s;n] 5f]of] eg]/ xfdLn] s;/L eGg ;S5f} + <Æ o]z" /f]lsg'eof] / Tof] ul/a :qL olt 8/fOg\ ls ltgL sfDb} o]zs " f] kfpdf kl/g\ . ltgn] s] u/]sL lyOg\ eg]/ ltgn] pxf“nfO{ atfOg\ . Æ5f]/L, ltd|f] ljZjf;n] ltdLnfO{ lgsf] kf¥of],Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof] . æzflGtl;t hfpm . ltdL lgsf] eO;Sof} .Æ 18

Tof] ljZjf; xf] .


G5

/

o:tf] eO/x]sf] a]nfdf ofO/;sf] 3/af6 ;Gb]zjfxs

o:tf] eGg cfOk'Uof], tkfO{s + L 5f]/L d/L . o:tf] eP klg cfkm"dfly ljZjf; ul//xg o]zn" ] ofO/;nfO{ eGg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“n] eL8nfO{ cfÇgf] kl5 nfUgaf6 /f]Sg'eof]– kq';, ofs"a / o"xGgfafx]s .

ha pxf“x¿ ofO/;sf] 3/df k'Ug'eof], ;a}hgf /f]O/x]sf / zf]s ul//x]sf lyP . o]zn" ] tL ;a}nfO{ a]jf:tf ug'e{ of] / leq hfg'eof] . æs] eO/x]sf] 5 <Æ pxf“n] ;f]Wg'eof] . æof] aflnsf d/]sL 5}g, ltgL ;'ts ] L dfq} xf] .Æ dflg;x¿ pxf“dfly xf“;,] To;}n] pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ 3/af6 aflx/ k7fpg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“n] s]6Lsf a'af / cfdf / cfÇgf tLg r]nfx¿nfO{ lnP/ s]6Lsf] sf]7fdf k:g'eof] . pxf“n] ltgsf] xft ;dfpg'eof] / eGg'eof], æp7, ;fgL s]6L .Æ clg ltgL t'?Gt} v8f eOg\ / lx“88\ n' ug{ nflug\ . pgsf cleefjsx¿ crDddf k/] . s] ePsf] lyof] eg]/ s;}nfO{ klg gatfpg / ltgnfO{ s]xL vfg]s/' f lbg o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ cf1f lbg'eof] .

tkfO{+n] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] s'/frflx“ ltgL d/]sL lyOg\ t/ o]z"n] ltgnfO{ km]l/ lhp“bf] agfpg'eof] <

xf] . cxf] . s:tf] cfZro{ .

19


xf] . of] /fHosf] efu xf] . ljZjf;sf] ljk/Lt s'/f 8/ xf]

/ tkfO{s + f] hLjgdf cfZro{sd{ x'gaf6 o;n] /f]Sg ;S5 . ha tkfO{n+ ] hlxn] 8/fPsf] dx;'; ug'x{ G' 5, /fhfdf ljZjf; /fVg'xf]; \ .

To;f] eP of] /fHosf] hLjgdf tkfO{+nfO{ ljZjf;sf] vf“rf] x'G5 < xf] . ha o]zn" ] cljZjf;sf] jftfj/0fsf] ;fdgf ug'e{ of], pxf“n] w]/} cfZro{sd{ ug'e{ Pg .

tkfO{+n] s] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] <

ofO/;sL 5f]/Lsf] af/]df cfZro{sd{ ul/;s]kl5 o]z"

cfÇgf] u[xgu/ gf;/t kms{ge' of] . csf{] zafy lbgdf pxf“n] :yfgLo ;ef3/df lzIff lbg ;'? ug'e{ of] t/ pxf“sf s'/f ;'Gg] w]/} dflg;x¿n] tL s'/f a'em\g ;s]gg\ . Æp;n] o:tf] a'l4 / cfZro{sd{ ug{] zlQm sxf“af6 kfof] <Æ ltgLx¿n] ;f]w ] . æpm t l;sdL{ g} xf], of];k] m / dl/Pdsf] 5f]/f . p;sf efO / alxgLx¿ xfd|f aLrdf g} a;f]af; u5{g \ .Æ ltgLx¿n] pxf“dfly ljZjf; ug{ c:jLsf/ u/] .

pxf“n] eGg'eof], æcfÇgf] u[xgu/ / cfÇgf

cfkmGtx¿sf dfemdf afx]s cudjQmf ;a}lt/ cfb/0fLo x'G5 .Æ clg ltgLx¿sf cljZjf;sf sf/0f pxf“n] s]xLnfO{ rª\ufO ug'a{ fx]s c¿ cfZro{sd{ ug{ ;Sg'ePg . o]z" hfg'eof] / cfÇgf] clwsf/ lbP/ cfÇgf r]nfx¿nfO{ ljleGg k7fpg'eof] . ltgLx¿nfO{ cfÇgf] ;fy s]xL klg gn}hfg cf1f lbOPsf] lyof], cltl/Qm n'uf klg gn}hfg] . æs'g} ufp“n] ltdLx¿nfO{ :jfut u/]g eg] cK7]/f] gdfg,Æ o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ eGg'eof] . æltdLx¿ lg:sg'cl3 cfÇgf uf]8faf6 To;sf] w'nf] ToxL“ 6S6SofOlbg" / Toxf“af6 hfg" . ltgLx¿nfO{ ltgLx¿s} cj:yfdf 5f]l8lbg" .Æ

o]z"n] s] ug'{eof] <

To;kl5 s] eof] < uDeL/ s'/fx¿ .


xf] . k/d]Zj/sf] /fHo uDeL/ 5 . lt

gLx¿n] dflg;x¿nfO{ cfÇgf kfkdo dfu{af6 kms{ eGb} /fHosf] ;Gb]z lbP / ltgLx¿n] /f]uLnfO{ lgsf] kf/] / b'i6fTdfx¿ lgsfn], o]zn" ] ;a} ljZjf;Lx¿nfO{ o:t} ug{ cf1f lbg'eof] .

t/ To;sf] nflu kv{gk' g{5] lsgeg]

r]nfx¿n] s] u/] <

;f“Rr} xf] .

c¿ w]/} s'/fx¿ ePsf lyP– clg syfdf crDdsf] cGTo 5 . To;}n] cufl8 a9f}=+ == . ha r]nfx¿ cfÇgf] ofqfaf6 kms{,] o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ cf/fd ug{sf] lglDt 8'ªu\ fdf /fVg'eof] . t/ klg eL8 lg/Gt/ cfO/x\of] . o]z" / pxf“sf r]nfx¿ jl/kl/ g} 5g\ eg]/ w]/} dflg;x¿n] ;'g,] To;}n] pxf“x¿ lsgf/df cfpg'xb“' f ltgLx¿ bf}8/] pxf“x¿nfO{ e]6g\ lsgf/df uP . ltgLx¿ uf]7fnf] lagfsf] e]8fx¿h:t} a/flnPsf lyP / o]zn" ] of] b]Vg'eof] / ltgLx¿sf lglDt s?0ffn] el/g'eof] . pxf“n] /fHosf] af/]df lg/Gt/ ltgLx¿nfO{ l;sfpg'eof] .

21


To;kl5 ;f“emdf r]nfx¿n] eg], æl9nf eO;Sof] . s]xL vfgsf] lglDt eL8nfO{ ufp“lt/ k7fOlbg'xf]; \ <Æ

æltdLx¿n] g} ltgLx¿nfO{ vfg b]cf],Æ o]zn" ] hjfkm lbg'eof] .

s;/L <

r]nfx¿n] klg 7Ls o:t} eg] . æof] eL8nfO{ v'jfpgnfO{ w]/} k};f rflxG5 .Æ

lt

æ dLx¿;“u slt vfg]s/' f 5 <Æ o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ ;f]Wg'eof] . æhfcf] / vf]h .Æ ha ltgLx¿ kms{,] ltgLx¿n] pxf“nfO{ eg], æxfdLn] kf“r /f]6L / b'O{ df5f dfq} kfof} + .Æ

s] ePsf] lyof] <

o]zn" ] x/]snfO{ krf; jf ;osf] ;d"xdf a:g eGg'eof] . pxf“n] cfkm";u“ ePsf] Tof] yf]/} vfg]s/' f lng'eof] / k/d]Zj/nfO{ k|z;+ f ug'e{ of], vfg]s/' f h'6fOlbg'ePsf] lglDt pxf“nfO{ wGojfb lbg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“n] tL /f]6Lx¿ 6'jm| f kfg'e{ of] / dflg;x¿nfO{ ljt/0f ug{ r]nfx¿nfO{ vfg]s/' f lbg'eof] .

t/ Tolt dfq} xf]Og .

cf]xf] xf], To:t} eof] . ltgLx¿ ;a}n] rfx]hlt g} vfP / To;kl5 af“sL /x]sf] vfg]s/' f afx« 8fnf p7fP . ltgLx¿;“u rflxPsf] eGbf klg w]/} lyof] . /fHosf] hLjgsf] Tof] csf{] efu xf] . ha tkfO{;+ u“ ePsf] s'/f tkfO{n+ ] k/d]Zj/df ljZjf; u/]/ pxf“nfO{ lbg'xG' 5, pxf“n] tkfO{n+ fO{ cflzif\ lbg'xG' 5 / tkfO{s + f cfjZostfx¿ k"/f ug'x{ G' 5 .

k/d]Zj/sf] lglDt s]xL klg c;Dej 5}g . pxf“ :ju{ / k[YjLsf] ;[li6stf{ x'gx' G' 5 . pxf“ k|sl[ tsf] zlQmleq ;Lldt x'gx' G' g . tkfO{n+ fO{ csf{] klg pbfx/0f d lbG5' . o; 36gfkl5 o]zn" ] dflg;x¿nfO{ 3/ k7fP/ pxf“n] cfÇgf r]nfx¿nfO{ tfnsf] kfl/kl6\6 8'ªu\ fdf hfg eGg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“ k|fy{gf ug{ kxf8lt/ hfg'eof] . 22

crDd .

l

;


laxfgsf] ;dodf r]nfx¿n] lgs} sl7gfOdf k/] . ltgLx¿ xfjf / 5fndf 8'ªu\ f rnfp“b} uDeL/ ;d:ofdf k/] . o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ b]Vg'eof] / ltgLx¿sxf“ cfpg'eof] .

of] s;/L x'G5 <

Df}n] eGg vf]hs ] f] s'/f pxf“ kfgLdfly lx“8g\ e' of] .

c;Dej . pxf“ lx“8g\ e' Psf] r]nfx¿n] b]v] / pxf“ e"t x'gx' G' 5 eGg] ;f]Rb} lrRofP . æg8/fcf] . d g} x',“ Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof], æg8/fcf] .Æ

s] ltgLx¿n] pxf“dfly ljZjf; u/] < 23


cfkm"nfO{ s]xL k|df0f rflxof] eg]/ kq';n] lg0f{o u/] . ltgn] o]zn" fO{ o:tf] eg] ls jf:tjd} pxf“ g} x'gx' G' Yof] eg] ltgn] klg kfgLdfly lx“8g\ rfx]sf 5g\ . æcfpm,Æ o]zn" ] eGg'eof] . To;}n] kq'; 5fnx¿dfly o]zl" t/ lx“8 ] .

cf]xf] . s:tf] 8/nfUbf] .

kq';n] klg To:t} ;f]r,] Ps k6s pgn] jl/kl/ x]/] / 5fn slt cUnf] lyof] eg]/ yfxf kfP . pgn] o]zd" fly ljZjf; ug{ 5f8\gl] alQs} pgL 8'Ag yfn] . o]z" Toxf“ k'Ug'eof] / pgnfO{ ;dfTg'eof], ltgsf] ljZjf;sf] sdLsf] lglDt pgnfO{ ufnL ug'e{ of] .

clxn];Dd x/]s 7fp“sf dflg;x¿n] jf:tjdf o]z" sf] x'gx' G' 5 eg]/ Pscsf{nfO{ ;f]lw/x]sf lyP . pxf“ hxf“ hfg'eP klg dflg;x¿ lgsf] ePsf lyP . sfg g;'Gg] / u"u“ f], cGwf], nª\u8f] lgsf] eP . pxf“n] lgsf] kfg{ g;Sg'ePsf] s'g} /f]u jf rf]6 lyPg . Ps lbg o]zn" ] cfÇgf r]nfx¿nfO{ ;f]Wg'eof], ædflg;x¿n] d sf] x'“ eg]/ eG5g\ <Æ ltgLx¿n] hjfkm lbP, æs]xLn] tkfO{+ d/]sfaf6 hLljt ePsf alKt:df lbg] o"xGgf eG5g\, c¿n] tkfO{+ Plnof jf cudjQmfx¿dWo] Pshgf x'gx' G' 5 egL eGb5g\ .Æ æltdLx¿sf] ljrf/df d sf] x' “ <Æ o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ ;f]Wg'eof] . kq';n] t'?Gt} hjfkm lbP, ætkfO{+ d;Lx x'gx' G' 5 .Æ

To;sf] cy{ s] xf] < o;sf] cy{ æclelifQm hgÆ xf] . afOansf] klxnf] efu, k'/fgf] s/f/ elgg] k':tsx¿sf] ;+ux| df k/d]Zj/n] d'lQmbftf k7fpg] k|lt1f ug'e{ Psf] 5, h;n] k/d]Zj/ / dflg;sf] aLrdf dWo:ytf ug'x{ g' 5 ]  . 24

/fhf <

x

o e


<

xf], t/ s]xLn] pxf“nfO{ d;Lx eG5g\– pxf“ Pp6} JolQm x'gx' G' 5 . o]z" sf] x'gx' G' 5 eg]/ kq';n] yfxf kfPsf lyP / o]zn" ] ltgnfO{ of] s'/f s;}nfO{ geGg" eGg'eof] .

eofgs s'/fx¿ x'g ;S5 / pxf“nfO{ wfld{s

cu'jfx¿, k"hfxf/Lx¿af6 c:jLs[t ul/g]5 eg]/ o]zn" fO{ yfxf lyof]– jf:tjdf w]/} dflg;x¿af6 .

t/ pxf“n] w]/} c;n sfdx¿ ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

lsg <

lgZro klg t/ ofb /fVg'xf];,\ k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf <

pxf“sf] of]hgfsf] cy{ :jtGqtf xf] / o;sf] lglDt d"No ltg'k{ g{] lyof] . o]zn" fO{ tL ;a} s'/f yfxf lyof] . lsgls pxf“ /fhf x'gx' G' Yof] . pxf“nfO{ dfl/g]5 t/ tLg lbgkl5 pxf“ km]l/ hLjgdf cfpg'xg' 5 ] eg]/ pxf“n] r]nfx¿nfO{ atfpg'eof] ∕

s] /] < s:tf] kfunh:tf] s'/f .

kq';n] klg To:t} ;f]r ] . ltgn]

xf]Og .

o]zn" fO{ Pp6f s'gflt/ tfg]/ pxf“n] o:tf] eGg'xb“' g} eg]/ pxf“nfO{ eg] .

25


t/ pxf“ lsg cfpg'ePsf] lyof] eg]/ o]zn" fO{ yfxf lyof] / pxf“ kq';lt/ kms{ge' of]

/ eGg'eof], æltdLn] dflg;sf] b[li6sf]0faf6 x]l//x]sf 5f}, k/d]Zj/sf] b[li6sf]0faf6 xf]Og .Æ To;kl5 pxf“n] af“sL c¿nfO{ klg af]nfpg'eof] / ltgLx¿nfO{ eGg'eof]M æltdLx¿ d]/f r]nfx¿ x'g rfxG5f} eg] ltdLx¿n] cfÇgf :jfyL{ rfxgfx¿ la;{gk' 5{ / dnfO{ glhsaf6 k5\ofpg'k5{ . Tof]eGbf klg w]/} ltdLx¿n] cfÇgf] hLjgnfO{ arfpg] sf]l;; u5f}{ eg] ltdLx¿n] Tof] u'dfpg]5f} . ltdLx¿n] d]/f] / /fHosf] lglDt cfÇgf] hLjg ;dlk{t u5f}{ eg] ltdLx¿n] ;f“rf] hLjg kfpg]5f} .Æ To;kl5 pxf“n] ;f]Wg'eof], æ;f/f ;+;f/ xft kf/]/ cfkm}n+ fO{ rflx+ u'dfof} eg] ltdLx¿nfO{ s] nfe < ltdLx¿sf] cfTdfeGbf s] s'/f dxŒjk"0f{ x'g ;S5 < s;}n] dflg;x¿sf] cl3 d]/f] af/]df zd{ dfG5 eg] ha d d]/f] lktfsf] dlxdfdf :ju{bt" x¿;“u kms{g5 ] ,' d klg To;sf] af/]df zdf{pg]5 ' ∕Æ

Tof] ufx«f] 5 t/ Tof] d]/f] cg'dfgdf ;To xf] . xf], o]zn" fO{ k5\ofpgnfO{ ;a} s'/fsf] lbg'k5{– t/ ;f“rf] hLjg kfpg] of] dfq} Pp6f af6f] xf] .

sl/a Ps xKtfkl5 o]zn" ] kq';, ofs"a / o"xGgfnfO{ kxf8sf] 6'Kkf]df n}hfg'eof] . pxf“x¿ dfq} Toxf“ x'gx' G' Yof] / s'g} crDdsf] 36gf 36\of] . ha pxf“ ple/xg'ePsf] lyof], o]zs " f] ¿k kl/jt{g eof] . pxf“sf] n'uf cf“v} vfg] ;]tf] eof]– tkfO{n+ ] sNkgf ug{ ;Sg]eGbf klg ;]tf] . To;kl5 b'Oh{ gf dflg; b]vf k/]– Plnof / df]zf .

26

sf] <


– .

¿

pgLx¿ k'/fgf] s/f/df pNn]v ul/Psf 5g\ / pgLx¿ jf:tjd} k/d]Zj/sf] af6f] yfxf

ePsf dflg;x¿ lyP . s] eGg] eg]/ kq';nfO{ yfxf lyPg t/ pgn] s]xL s'/f eGg'k5{ eg]/ 7fg] . To;}n] pgn] eGf], æof] crDdnfUbf] 5 . xfdLn] tkfO{s + f] lglDt oxL“ tLg j6f af;:yfg agfpg]5f} + .Æ t/ ltgn] Joy{df af]ln/x]sf lyP .  . ha tkfO{n + ] /fhf / pxf“sf] /fHol;t wfld{s s'/fx¿ < xf] hDsfe]6f ug'x{ G' 5, zAbx¿ kof{Kt x'b“ g} g\ .

To;kl5 s] eof] <

o]zn" ] alKt:df ln+bf s] ePsf] lyof] eg]/ ;Demgf 5 <

5

ToxL k|sf/sf] s'/f eof] . Pp6f cfjfhn] eGof], ælogL d]/f] lk|o k'q x'g \ . logsf] s'/f ;'g .Æ

To

cxf] .

;kl5 ltgLx¿n] jl/kl/ x]bf{ c¿ b'Oh{ gf dflg; uO;s]sf b]v] / o]z" dfq} Toxf“ x'gx' G' Yof] . ha ltgLx¿ kxf8af6 tn em/], pxf“ d[tsaf6 hLljt geP;Dd ltgLx¿n] b]vs ] f s'/f s;}nfO{ geGg" egL o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ eGg'eof] .

pxf“n] s] eGb} x'g'x'GYof] <

tf]

27


To;af6 ltgLx¿ klg cndndf k/]sf lyP . t/ To;sf] af/]df ;f]Rg] w]/} ;do ltgLx¿;“u lyPg lsgeg] ha ltgLx¿ kxf8sf] km]bLdf k'u,] s]xL s'/fn] pgLx¿nfO{ klv{/x]sf] lyof] .

;bfem}+ Toxf“ 7"nf] eL8 lyof] t/ of] ;dodf c¿

r]nfx¿ wfld{s Joj:yfsf lzIfs;“u ax; ul//x]sf lyP .

s]n] <

æoxf“ s] x“b' } 5 <Æ o]zn" ] ;f]Wg'eof] . s'g} JolQm lrRofof], ætkfO{n+ ] d]/f] 5f]/f] lgsf] kfl/lbg'xf]; \ . pm af]Ng ;Sb}g lsgeg] p;nfO{ b'i6fTdfn] ;dft]sf] 5, To; b'i6fTdfn] p;nfO{ af]Ng lb“bg}  . ha Tof] cfTdfn] p;nfO{ ;dfT5, To;n] p;nfO{ e"Od“ f k5fl/lbG5 / p;sf] d'vdf lkm­h“ cfp“5, cfÇgf] bfx«f ls6\5 / s7f]/ aG5 . b'i6fTdf lgsflnlbg'xf];\ eg]/ d}n] tkfO{s + f r]nfx¿nfO{ klg eg]+ t/ ltgLx¿n] To;f] ug{ ;s]gg\ .Æ æP cNkljZjf;Lx¿ .Æ o]zn" ] eGg'eof], æslxn];Dd ltdLx¿n] ddfly cljZjf; ul//xg] < Tof] s]6fnfO{ dsxf“ Nofcf] .Æ clg ltgLx¿n] To;} u/] . b'i6fTdfn] o]zn" fO{ b]Vg] lalQSs} To;n] a]:;/L s]6f]nfO{ k5fl/lbof] . æo:tf] ePsf] slt ;do eof] <Æ o]zn" ] To;sf a'afnfO{ ;f]Wg'eof] . æpm ;fg} x'b“ fb]lv g} lyof],Æ pgn] hjfkm lbP, ætkfO{n+ ] ;Sg'xG' 5 eg] s]xL ul/lbg'xf]; \ .Æ æd}n] ;S5' eg], tkfO{n+ ] s] eGg'ePsf] xf] <Æ o]zn" ] ;f]Wg'eof], æs'g} JolQmn] ljZjf; u5{ eg] p;sf] nflu s'g} klg s'/f ;Dej 5 .Æ æd ljZjf; u5',{ Æ a'afn] hjfkm lbP, æt/ zª\sf gug{ dnfO{ ;xfotf ug'x{ f]; \ .Æ o]zn" ] Tof] cfTdfnfO{ xsfg'e{ of] / Tof] lrRofof] / s]6fnfO{ s]xL lkm6 k/ k5f¥of] / To;nfO{ 5f]8/] uof] . s]6f xnrn gu/L ;'lt/x\of] . pm d/]sf] lyof] eGg] s;}s;}n] 7fg] . t/ o]zn" ] p;sf] xft ;dfTg'eof] / pm v8f eof]– lgsf] eof] .

28


nfO{

xfdLn] lsg Tof] b'i6fTdf lgsfNg ;s]gf} + <Æ r]nfx¿n] kl5 o]zn" fO{ ;f]w ] .

æ

æo:tf] k|sf/sf s'/fx¿ k|fy{gf / pkjf;åf/f dfq} ;Dej x'G5,Æ o]zn" ] hjfkm lbg'eof] . pxf“x¿n] lg/Gt/ Tof] If]qdf ofqf ug'e{ of] / k"/} ;do o]zn" ] cfÇgf r]nfx¿;“u ;do latfpg eL8af6 6f9f a:g] sf]l;; ug'e{ of] .

lsg <

lsgeg] pxf“n] s] s'/fsf] ;fdgf ug{ nfUg'ePsf] lyof] eg]/ pxf“nfO{ yfxf lyof] .

xf]Og, csf{] Pp6f

t/ pxf“ /fhf x'g'x'GYof] . pxf“n] klxn] g} ;a} hf“rx¿ pQL{0f ug'{ePsf] 5 .

clGtd hf“r af“sL lyof], h'g hf“r k/d]Zj/ cfkm}n+ ] k7fpg'Psf] lyof] / cGo s;}n] klg Tof] ug{ g;Sg] sl7g lyof] . o]zn" ] of] s'/f cfÇgf r]nfx¿nfO{ JofVof ug{] sf]l;; ug'e{ of] . pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ eGg'eof], ædnfO{ wf]sf ul/g]5 . dnfO{ dfl/g]5 t/ tLg lbgkl5 d d[tsaf6 hLljt x'g5 ]  ' .Æ

d}n] t a'lemg“ .

ltgLx¿n] klg a'em]gg\ . clg To;sf] cy{ s] xf] eg]/

ltgLx¿n] pxf“nfO{ ;f]Wg rfx]gg\ . o;n] ltgLx¿sf aLrdf ljjfb pTkGg u/fof] . ltgLx¿ a:g] 3/lt/ hfg] af6f]df lx+8b\ f /fHodf ltgLx¿dWo] sf] dxfg\ eGg] s'/fdf ltgLx¿n] 5nkmn ul//x] . ltgLx¿n] s]sf] af/]df s'/fsfgL ul//x]sf 5g\ eg]/ o]zn" ] ;f]Wg'eof] t/ ltgLx¿n] eGgnfO{ c;lhnf] dfg] . To;}n] pxf“ a:g'eof] / ltgLx¿nfO{ af]nfpg'eof] . æ;'g,Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof], æs;}n] klxnf] x'g] rfxgf u5{ eg] p;n] clGtd :yfg lng'k5{ . pm ;a}sf] ;]js x'gk' 5{ .Æ

29


To;kl5 pxf“n] cfÇgf] glhs} pEofpg Pp6f ;fgf] afns Nofpg'eof] .

cfÇgf] xftdf aRrfnfO{ /fVb} pxf“n] JofVof ug'e{ of], æs;}n] d]/f] kIfdf afnsnfO{ :jfut u5{ eg] dnfO{ :jfut u5{ / dnfO{ k7fpg'xg' ] d]/f] lktfnfO{ :jfut u5{ . /fHodf k|jz ] ug{sf] lglDt ltdLx¿ of] afnsh:t} aGg'k5{ .Æ o]zn" ] cem} eGg'eof], æs;}n] oLdWo] sf]xL ;fgfnfO{ klg afwf lbG5 eg] To;sf] 3f“6Ldf hf“tf] af“w/] ;d'bd| f kmflnlbg' plrt x'G5 .Æ

pxf“n] s] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] < o]zn" ] gf6sLo ¿kdf kfksf] uDeL/tfsf] af/]df

j0f{g ub{} x'gx' G' Yof] . k/d]Zj/sf] /fHodf k|jz ] ug{af6 /f]Sg] tkfO{s + f] hLjgdf ePsf ;d:ofx¿dfly tkfO{n+ ] cfj|md0f ug'{ / pGd"ng ug'k{ 5{ . ltgLx¿ g'gh:tf] x'gk' 5{ eg]/ pxf“n] cfÇgf r]nfx¿nfO{ eGg'eof] .

lsg g'g < g'grflx“ vfg]s/' f nfdf] ;do;Dd /fVgsf nflu ;fy}

To;df :jfbsf] lglDt k|of]u ul/G5 . g'gn] cfÇgf] :jfb u'dfof] eg] tkfO{n+ ] To;nfO{ km]l/ s]n] g'lgnf] kfg{x' G' 5 <

7Ls 5 . To;f] eP tkfO{+ /fHodf lhpg'x'G5 eg] ;+;f/nfO{ k"0f{¿kdf s'lxgaf6 hf]ufp“b} tkfO{+ g'gh:t} aGg'x'G5 . 30


xf] . s;/L lhpg]– c¿nfO{ ;xfotf ug{] / /fHodf ltgLx¿nfO{ s;/L cu'jfO ug{] eg]/ o]zn" ] cfÇgf r]nfx¿nfO{ atfpg'eof] .

lsgeg] pxf“ /fhf x'gx' G' Yof], eljiodf s] s'/f x'g5 ] eg]/ o]zn" fO{ yfxf lyof] . pxf“n] O;|fPndf ePsf] ;a}eGbf /fd|f] ejg dlGb/sf] ljgfzsf] af/]df atfpg'eof], hxf“ ox"bLx¿n] cfÇgf ;a}eGbf dxŒjk"0f{ wfld{s pT;jx¿ ug{u] y{ ] . Toxf“ n8fO“ / n8fO“sf xNnf x'g5 ] g\ eg]/ pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ atfpg'eof] . Toxf“ em'6f] d;Lx– em'6f] /fhf x'g5 ] eg]/ pxf“n] eGg'eof], h;n] w]/n} fO{ ljgfzlt/ cu'jfO ug{5 ]  . Toxf“ e"sDkx¿ hfg]5g\ / clgsfn kg{5 ] / To;kl5 ;fjwfgLk"js { xf]l;of/ /xg] ;do cfpg]5 . æof] t ;'?jft dfq} x'g5 ] ,Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof] . æ;fjwfg xf]cf] . ltgLx¿n] ltdLx¿nfO{ kj|mg]5g\ / d]/f r]nfx¿ ePsf x'gfn] ltdLx¿nfO{ bf]if nufpg]5g\ . t/ d]/f] af/]df ltgLx¿nfO{ atfpg] of] ltdLx¿nfO{ cj;/ x'g5 ]  . ha ltdL k/LIffdf v8f x'gk' 5{, s] eGg'kg{] xf] eg]/ lrGtf gu/ . k/d]Zj/n] ltdLx¿nfO{ lbg'ePsf] jrg dfq} af]n . ;do eofgs x'g5 ]  . kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿n] klg Psn] csf{nfO{ wf]sf lbg]5 .Æ x/]sn] ltdLx¿nfO{ 3[0ff ug{5 ] g\ lsgeg] ltdLx¿ d]/f xf} t/ cGTo;Dd ;xg]x¿rflx“ arfOg]5g\ . o]zn" ] c¿ klg r]tfjgL lbg'eof], h'g tkfO{n+ ] cfÇgf] lglDt hfGg'k5{ .

d}n] sxf“ x]g'{k5{ < afOandf . Tof] k':ts /fHodf lhpg'kg]{ hLjgsf] lglDt lgb{l] zsf xf] . t'?Gt} Pp6f lnOxfNg'xf]; \ .

eljiosf] af/]df o]z"n] c¿ s] eGg'eof] < 31


cGtdf tL eofgs lbgx¿ cfp“bf ;"o{ c“Wof/f] x'g5] / x/]s yf]s sfDg]5 eg]/ o]zn" ]

ltgLx¿nfO{ r]tfjgL lbg'eof] . To;kl5 /fhf dxfg\ zlQm / dlxdfsf] ;fydf b]vf kg'x{ g' 5 ] / k[YjLsf] kNnf] 5]pb]lv pxf“n] 5fGg'ePsfx¿nfO{ hDdf kfg'x{ g' 5 ]  .

of] slxn] x'g]5 < k/d]Zj/ lktfafx]s s;}nfO{ klg Tof] lbg jf ;dosf] af/]df yfxf 5}g eg]/ o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ atfpg'eof] . To;}n] ;fjwfg eP/ a:g' / pxf“sf] glhs lg/Gt/ a:g' g} dxŒjk"0f{ s'/f xf] . ToxL ;dodf cfkm"nfO{ s] x'g nfu]sf] 5 eg]/ o]zn" fO{ yfxf lyof] . Tof] nueu lg:tf/ rf8sf] ;do ePsf] lyof] .

lg:tf/ rf8 eg]sf] s] xf] <

k/d]Zj/n] w]/} nfdf] ;docl3 pgLx¿nfO{ ld>Lx¿af6 / ld>Lx¿nfO{ k|efj kf/]sf] eofgs

?9Laf6 s;/L arfpg'ePsf] lyof] eg]/ ox"bLx¿n] ;Demg] ;do Tof] lyof] . ltgLx¿ ld>df bf;Tjdf lyP / k/d]Zj/n] ltgLx¿nfO{ :jtGq agfpg'eof] . cfÇgf] pT;jsf] ¿kdf ltgLx¿n] y'dfsf] alnbfg uy{ ] . of] cj;/df wfld{s cu'jfx¿ / k"hfxf/L cfk;df ldn]/ o]zn" fO{ ;dfTg] / pxf“af6 5'6sf/f kfpg] df}sf vf]Hg yfn] . 32


g

ltgLx¿ cem} pxf“sf] kl5 nflu/x]sf lyP eg]/ tkfO{+n] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] <

xf], t/ ltgLx¿n] lg:tf/ rf8sf] ;dodf

oL ;a} yf]sx¿ eO/x“bf o]z" sxf“ x'g'x'GYof] <

pxf“ o¿zn]dsf] glhs} ePsf] ;fgf] ;x/

lsg o;/L v]/ kmfn]sf] .

To:tf] s]xL ug{ ;Sb}gy] eg]/ ltgLx¿nfO{ yfxf lyof] gqtf Toxf“ bª\uf x'gl] yof] .

a]yfgLdf Pp6f 3/ al;/xg'ePsf] lyof] . Ps k6s vfg] ;dodf Pp6L :qL dxª\uf] cQ/sf] ef“8f] lnP/ leq cfOg\ . ltgL o]zs " xf“ cfOg\ / pxf“sf] 6fpsf]af6 ;a} cQ/ vGofOlbOg\ .

o:t} s'/fx¿ s]xL dflg;x¿n] eg] . Tof]

jf:tjd} dxª\uf] cQ/ lyof] . ltgn] Tof] a]Rg ;lSyg\ / ul/anfO{ Tof] k};f lbg ;lSyg\ eg]/ ltgLx¿n] ;Nnfx klg lbP . t/ o]z;" u“ csf{] ljrf/ lyof] . æltgnfO{ olQs} 5f]l8b]cf],Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof] . æo:tf] u/]sf] sf/0f ltgnfO{ lsg ufnL u5f} { < ul/ax¿ ltdLx¿sf dfemdf ;w}+ x'G5g\ t/ d ltdLx¿sf] ;fydf ;bf /x“lbg“ .Æ

pxf“n] s] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] < pxf“n] cem} eGg'eof], æltgn] bkmgsf]

lglDt d]/f] z/L/nfO{ t]n nufOlbPsL l5g\ . of] :qLsf] sfdsf] rrf{ cfufdL w]/} jif{ ul/g]5 .Æ

pxf“ dg'{x'g]5 eg]/ pxf“ cem} klg lglZrt x'g'x'GYof] t < 33


xf], clg ljleGg 36gfx¿ 3l6/x]sf lyP . o]zs" f r]nfx¿dWo] Pshgf ox"bf klxn] g}

k|wfgk"hfxf/L;“u ldln;s]sf lyP . o]zn" fO{ wf]sf lbgsf] lglDt ltgnfO{ Ogfd klg lbOPsf] lyof] .

xf] . o]z" / pxf“sf r]nfx¿n] lg:tf/

r]nfx¿dWo] Ps < s:tf] g/fd|f] .

rf8sf] ef]hsf] lglDt tof/L ul//x]sf lyP . pxf“n] o¿zn]ddf cufl8 g} ltgLx¿dWo] b'Oh{ gfnfO{ k7fpg'eof] . æha ltdLx¿ ;x/df k:5f}, ltdLx¿n] kfgLsf] ufu|L af]ls/x]sf k'?ifnfO{ b]Vg]5f},Æ pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ eGg'eof] . æp;n] ltdLx¿l;t af]Ng]5 . p;nfO{ k5\ofpm / ha pm 3/leq k:5, ltdLx¿n] eGg", …cfÇgf r]nfx¿sf] ;fydf u'?n] lg:tf/ rf8sf] ef]h vfg ;Sg] kfx'gfsf] sf]7f sxf“ 5 < p;n] ltdLnfO{ dflyNnf] sf]7fdf n}hfg]5, hxf“ x/]s yf]s tof/ x'g5]  . hfcf] / Toxf“ xfd|f] ef]h tof/ kf/ .Æ pxf“n] eGg'ePh:t} eof] .

o]z" / pxf“sf r]nfx¿n] lg:tf/ rf8

s:tf] crDd .

dgfpg'eof] / ef]hsf] ;dodf ltgLx¿dWo] Pshgfn] cfkm"nfO{ wf]sf lbg nfu]sf] 5 eg]/ o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ eGg'eof] .

tkfO{+n] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf], s] s'/f x'g nfu]sf] 5 eg]/ pxf“nfO{ yfxf lyof] <

xf] . t/ pxf“n] Tof] lsg /f]Sg'ePg <

Tof] ;a} k/d]Zj/sf] :jtGqtf lbg] 34

of]hgfsf] efu lyof], ofb ug'e{ of] < k/d]Zj/sf] p2]Zo k"/f ug{ o]z" cfpg'ePsf] lyof] .

s] of] clGtd hf“r lyof] <

x

k b d


xf] . clg x/]s yf]s of]hgfcg';f/ ePsf] lyof], ha ltgLx¿n] vfP, o]zn" ] /f]6L lng'eof] /

k/d]Zj/nfO{ wGojfb lbPkl5 pxf“n] /f]6L ef“Rg'eof] / eGg'eof], æof] d]/f] z/L/ xf] .Æ To;kl5 pxf“n] bfvdB vGofpg'eof] / eGg'eof], æof] d]/f] /ut xf], w]/s } f lglDt aufOPsf], k/d]Zj/ / pxf“sf dflg;x¿sf aLrdf af“lwPsf] s/f/ .Æ

s:tf] cgf}7f] . d]/f] cg'dfgdf r]nfx¿n] klg To:t} ;f]r ] . t/ s;}n] klg s]xL eg]gg\ . s]xL ;dokl5 dfq} ltgLx¿n] s] ePsf] lyof] eg]/ jf:tjdf a'em] . Tof] /ftdf s] x'g5 ] eg]/ o]zn" ] eGg ;'? ug'e{ of] . æltdLx¿ ;a}n] dnfO{ TofUg]5f},Æ pxf“n] 3f]if0ff ug'e{ of] . æx/]sn] tkfO{n+ fO{ Tofu] klg d tkfO{n+ fO{ slxNo} klg 5f]8g\ 5 ] g} ,“ Æ kq';n] k|ltlj|mof lbP .

lt

æ dLn] TofUg]5f},Æ o]zn" ] eGg'eof], æltdLn] TofUg]5f}, cfh /flt efn] b'O{ k6s af:g'cl3 ltdLn] dnfO{ tLgkN6 OGsf/ ug{5 ] f} .Æ

s

æ lxNo} klg 5f]8g\ 5 ] g} “ .Æ kq'; lrRofP / c¿ ;a} ;xdt eP . ltgLx¿ u]t;dgL eGg] h}tg' sf] 8f“8fdf uP . o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ ToxL“ a:g eGg'eof], pxf“ k|fy{gf ug{ cufl8 hfg'eof] . pxf“n] cfÇgf] ;fydf kq'; ofs"a / o"xGgfnfO{ n}hfg'eof] .

pxf“n] d/]sL s]6LnfO{ hLljt kfg'{ePsf] ;dodf klg pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ g} cfÇgf] ;fydf n}hfg'ePsf] xf]Og / <

35


xf], clg pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ jf:tjd} ljZjf; ug'e{ Psf] lyof] lsgeg] pxf“ slt lg/f; x'gx' G' Yof]

eg]/ pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ atfpg'eof] . ToxL“ a:g / pxf“l;t} hfuf /xg egL pxf“n] ltgLx¿nfO{ eGg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“n] e"Od“ f 3'8“ f 6]Sg'eof] / ;Dej eP of] eofgs /ft daf6 x6fOlbg'xf];\ eg]/ laGtL ub{} k|fy{gf ug{ yfNg'eof] . tfklg pxf“n] cfkm}n+ fO{ k/d]Zj/sf] OR5fdf ;dlk{t ug'k{ 5{ eg]/ pxf“nfO{ yfxf lyof] . æd tkfO{s + f] OR5fsf] rfxgf u5',{ d]/f] cfÇg} xf]Og,Æ pxf“n] k'sf/f ug'e{ of] .

tkfO{+n] eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] clGtd hf“r slt eofgs lyof] eg]/ pxf“nfO{ yfxf lyof] < pxf“ dg'{x'g]5 eg]/ pxf“nfO{ yfxf lyof] .

xf] .

s:tf] g/fd|f] . pxf“sf ;fyLx¿n] s] u/] < s]xL u/]gg\ . o]zn" ] k|fy{gf ul//x“bf / cfÇgf] lktf;“u k'sf/f ul//x“bf ltgLx¿ ;'lt/x]sf lyP .

s] /] < ha pxf“ p7\ge' of], ltgLx¿ ;l't/x]sf lyP . æltdLx¿

hfuf /xg ;s]gf} / d;“u Ps 306f klg /xg ;s]gf} <Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“ kms{/] hfg'eof] / s]xL ;do k|fy{gf ug'e{ of] . km]l/ ltgLx¿ ;'t ] . cGTodf t];f| ] k6s klg o]zn" ] ltgLx¿nfO{ ;'lt/x]sf kfpg'eof] . æcem} cf/fd ul//x]sf 5f} <Æ pxf“n] eGg'eof] . æca eof] . ;do cfPsf] 5 . dnfO{ wf]sf x'g nfu]sf] 5 .Æ

36

To;kl5 s] eof] <


<

¿ <Æ

;|f]

ha pxf“n] To:tf] eGg'eof], efnf / t/jf/ lnPsf]

;z:q eL8sf ;fydf cGwsf/df ox"bf b]vf k¥of] . s;nfO{ kj|mg'k5{ eg]/ ltgLx¿n] yfxf kfpg'k5{ eg]/ ox"bfn] ltgLx¿nfO{ klxn] g} atfPsf lyP lsgeg] pgn] pxf“nfO{ r'Dag u/]/ clejfbg ug{ nfu]sf lyP . ox"bf o]zs " xf“ uP / pxf“nfO{ r'Dag u/], h'grflx“ Tof] ;dosf] k/Dk/fut clejfbg lyof] . t'?Gt} ;}lgsx¿n] pxf“nfO{ 3]/ ] . kq';n] t'?Gt} k|ltlj|mof lbP . pgn] t/jf/ lgsfNf] / k|wfg k"hfxf/Lsf] gf]s/sf] sfg sfl6lbP .

/f]

æ s,Æ o]z" lrRofpg'eof], æs] d s'g} k|sf/sf] vt/gfs ck/fwL x'“ / ltdLx¿ dnfO{ kj|mg of] tl/sfdf ;z:q eP/ cfPsf 5f} < d}n] x/]s lbg dlGb/df l;sfO/xGy] + . ltdLx¿n] dnfO{ ToxL“ lsg kj|mg] f} < t/ kljqzf:qdf x'g5 ] eg]/ eljiojf0fL ePsf s'/fx¿ k"/f x'g of] eO/x]sf] 5 .Æ

kljqzf:q eg]sf] s] xf] <

Æ afOandf xfdL;“u ePsf k|frLg k':tsx¿ tL g} x'g \ . o]zs " f] hLjgdf ePsf x/]s yf]s klxn] g} Toxf“ atfOPsf] lyof] .

crDd . 37


o]zn" ] eGg'ePem}+ pxf“sf ;a} r]nfx¿ efu] / pxf“nfO{ PSnf] agfP . pxf“nfO{ k|wfgk"hfxf/Lsf] 3/df

nluof], hxf“ pxf“nfO{ d[To'b08 lbg pxf“sf] lj?4df ujfxL lbg pxf“sf ;a} zq'x¿ e]nf ePsf lyP . ToxL ;dodf kq';n] c¿n] yfxf gkfpg] u/L k5\ofP . pgn] ;'/lIft b'/Laf6 x]l//x]sf lyP . o]zs " f] lj?4df ;a} k|sf/sf cf/f]kx¿ nufOP t/ tL ;a} Joy{sf lyP . jf:tjdf ltgLx¿ Pscsf{sf] lj?4df lyP . k|wfg k"hfxf/L lbSs ePsf lyP . æs] ltdL s]xL eGb}gf} <Æ pgn] o]zn" fO{ xsf/] . t/ o]z" zfGt a:g'eof] . To;kl5 k|wfgk"hfxf/Ln] pxf“nfO{ ;f]w,] æs] ltdL k/d]Zj/sf k'q d;Lx xf} <Æ æxf], d g} x',“ Æ o]zn" ] eGg'eof] . æclg ltdLx¿n] dnfO{ z/L/df k/d]Zj/sf] bflxg]lt/ al;/x]sf] / :ju{sf] afbndf kms{/] cfPsf] b]Vg]5f} .Æ

jfx .

k|wfg k"hfxf/Ln] To:tf] ;f]rg] g\ . pgL olt w]/} l/;fPsf lyP ls pgn] cfÇgf] n'uf Roft] / o;f] eg]/

lrRofP, æxfdLn] s]nfO{ klv{/x]sf 5f} + < of] O{Zj/ lgGbf xf] .Æ clg pgn] o]zn" fO{ d[To'b08 lbg lg0f{o u/] . ltgLx¿n] o]zn" fO{ y's] / lxsf{P t/ cem} klg pxf“n] k|ltlj|mof lbg'ePg . ltgLx¿n] pxf“sf] cf“vf 5f]k] / pxf“nfO{ oftgf lbg yfn], luHofpg yfn] . 38


/] .

Tof] ;a} ;dodf kq'; glhs} lyP . pgn] x/]s s'/f ;'Gf] . k|wfg k"hfxf/Lsf] gf]s/x¿dWo] Pshgfn] pgnfO{ Toxf“ Wofg lbP/ x]¥of] / pgL sf] xf] eg]/ Pp6L s]6Ln] ltgnfO{ ;f]wL . s]6Ln] ltgnfO{ /fd|/L x]/L . æd ltdLnfO{ lrG5',Æ To;n] egL, æTof] o]zn" fO{ k5\ofpg] tL dflg;x¿dWo] Pshgf tkfO{+ x'gx' G' 5 .Æ

lt

æ dLn] s]sf] af/]df s'/f ul//x]sL 5\of}, dnfO{ yfxf 5}g,Æ kq';n] hjfkm lbP . ha pgL Toxf“af6 lg:s], efn] af:of] . Tof] s]6Ln] ltgnfO{ k5\ofO{ / kq';n] km]l/ o]zn" fO{ lrlbg“ eg]/ OGsf/ u/] . To;kl5 s]xL dflg;x¿ cfP / ;f]w,] ætkfO{+ klg ufnLnaf6 cfPsf tL dflg;x¿dWo] Ps x'gk' 5{ .Æ æd zky vfG5', tkfO{n+ ] s] elg/xg'ePsf] 5, dnfO{ yfxf 5}g,Æ kq';n] eg] . To;kl5 efn] bf];f| ] k6s af:of] / ltgn] o]zs " f] jrg ;Dem] . ltgL aflx/ lg:s] / w'?w'? /f]P .

o:t} x'G5 eg]/ o]z"n] eGg'eof] . s]xL klg ug{ ;ls+b}gYof] < o]z" lagf s'g} sf/0f dfl/g nfUg'ePsf] lyof] . 39


k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf ofb 5, x}g < x/]snfO{ :jtGq ug{] / k[YjLdf /fHo Nofpg] < o]z" o;af6 eP/ u'hg| k' /]sf] lyof] . kfksf] df]n ltg{] oxL Pp6f af6f] lyof] . csf{] lbg ltgLx¿n] o]zn" fO{ /f]dL zf;s lknft; eGg] dflg;sxf“ nu] . ltgn] pxf“nfO{ ;f]w,] æs] ltdL ox"bLx¿sf /fhf xf} <Æ æxf],Æ o]zn" ] hjfkm lbg'eof] . To;kl5 wfld{s cu'jfx¿ kfun eP, pxf“dfly ;a} k|sf/sf cf/f]k nufP .

o]z"n] s] eGg'eof] < s]xL klg eGg'ePg .

s] /] <

40


pxf“n] s]xL klg eGg'ePg / lknft; klg 5Ss k/] . jf:tjdf o]zn" ] cfkm}n+ fO{ arfpg

;Sg]5g\ eGg] s'/f ltgn] pxf“nfO{ eg] t/ o]z" r'k a:g'eof] . ca Tof] lg:tf/ rf8 ePsf] sf/0f rngcg';f/ lknft;n] Pshgf s}bLnfO{ 5f]8g\ ;Sy]– dflg;x¿n] rfx]sfnfO{ 5fl8lbg ;Sy] .

7Ls . d]/f] cg'dfgdf eL8n] o]z"sf] l/xfOsf] dfu u/] .

xf]Og . wfld{s cu'jfx¿n] eL8nfO{ pS;fP / ltgLx¿n] af/Aaf elgg] xTof/fsf] l/;fOsf] nflu dfu u/] .

lknft;n] klg To:t} ;f]r ] . pgn] ltgLx¿nfO{

csf{] df}sf lbP / o]zn" fO{ s] ug{ rfxG5g\ eg]/ eL8nfO{ ;f]w ] .

s] < s:tf] kfunh:tf] s'/f <

clg=== < ltgLx¿ lrRofP, æTo;nfO{ j|m;" df 6f“Ug'xf]; \ .Æ

To;sf] cy{ s] xf] <

of] eofgs 5 . j|m;" df 6f“Ug' /f]dLx¿n] cfljisf/ u/]sf] eofgs k|sf/sf]

d[To'b08 lyof] . ltgLx¿n] sf7sf] j|m;" df Tof] JolQmsf] xft / v'66\ fdf lsnf 7f]lslbGy] . Toxf“ 6f“lu+bf Tof] JolQmn] ;f; km]g{ ;Sb}gYof], To;}n] p;n] ;f; km]gs { f] lglDt cfkm}n+ fO{ lsnflt/ ws]Ng'kYof{ ] . s]xL ;dokl5 pm To:tf] ug{sf] lglDt lgs} sdhf]/ x'GYof] / ;f; km]g{ ufx«f] eP/ dYof{ ] . s'g} klg JolQmnfO{ dfg{] Tof] j|m/' tl/sf lyof] . o]zn" ] s] ck/fw ug'e{ Psf] lyof] eg]/ lknft;n] ;f]w] t/ pgsf] k|Zg ltgLx¿sf] l/;sf] cfjfhdf blaof] . pgn] dflg;x¿nfO{ v';L kfg'k{ Yof{ ] . af/AafnfO{ :jtGq ul/of] / o]zn" fO{ sf“8f ePsf] sf]/f{n] oftgf lbOof] / j|m;" df 6f“Ug nluof] .

To;kl5 cem} g/fd|f] eof] .

pxf“ j|m;" df 6f“lug'eGbf klxn] g} g/fd|/L ;tfOg'eof] . ;}lgsx¿n] pxf“nfO{ luHofP, /fhfn] nufpg] a}hgL kf]zfs pxf“nfO{ nufOlbP . To;kl5 ltgLx¿n] pxf“sf] 6fpsf]df 7"nf sf“8fsf] d's6' nufOlbP / /fhfsf] ¿kdf pxf“nfO{ ;nfd ub{} luHofP . To:tf] 306f};+ Dd eof] . ltgLx¿n] pxf“nfO{ lk6], pxf“dfly y's] / To;kl5 j|m;" df 6f“UgnfO{ nu] .


pxf“n] oL ;a} s'/f ef]Ug'eof] < of]rflx“ :jtGqtfsf] dxfg\ of]hgf lyof] eg]/ d ljZjf; ug{ ;lSbg“ .

ToxL lyof]– clg cem} klg 5 . ;'Gg'xf]; \ . ltgLx¿n] o]zn" fO{ unuyf elgg] 8f“8fdf NofP, h;sf] cy{ ævKk/]Æ eGg] xf] / ltgLx¿n] kL8f sd ug{] cf}ifwLsf] ¿kdf d"/{ ld;fOPsf] dBn] pxf“nfO{ n7\7 kfg]{ k|:tfj u/] t/ o]zn" ] Tof] c:jLsf/ ug'e{ of] . To;kl5 ltgLx¿n] laxfgsf] gf} ah] pxf“nfO{ j|m;" df sf“6L 7f]s ] . ltgLx¿n] pxf“sf] 6fpsf]dfly Pp6f lrGx /fv], h;df n]lvPsf] lyof]M æox"bLx¿sf /fhf .Æ Tof] af6f]af6 hfg] dflg;x¿n] pxf“sf] luNnf u/] / o:tf] eGb} luHofP, æltdL /fhf xf} eg]/ k|df0f b]pm– j|m;" af6 cf]n/]{ cfpm .Æ o]zs " f] b'j} 5]pdf b'Oh{ gf ck/fwLx¿ lyP, hf] ToxL lbg j|m;" df 6f“luPsf lyP / ltgLx¿dWo] Pp6fn] klg pxf“nfO{ lh:Sofof] .

of] c;Dej 5 . s] oxL g} cGTo xf] < 42


xf]Og . dWofGxdf crfgs ;a} yf]s c“Wof/f]

eof] . cGwsf/n] 5f]Kof] . To;kl5 o]zn" ] k'sf/f ug'e{ of], æx] d]/f k/d]Zj/, x] d]/f k/d]Zj/, tkfO{n+ ] dnfO{ lsg PSnf] kfg'e{ of] <Æ To;kl5 pxf“n] clGtd ;f; km]ge{' of] / dg'e{ of] . ToxL ;dodf s]xL crDdsf] s'/f eof] .

s] eof] <

43


dlGb/df w]/} afSnf] kbf{

lyof], h;n] dlGb/sf] af“sL efuaf6 dxfkljq :yfgnfO{ cnu uYof{ ] . k|wfg k"hfxf/LnfO{ dfq} of] dxfkljq :yfgdf jif{sf] Ps k6s k|jz ] ug{ cg'dlt lyof] . ha o]z" dg'e{ of], kbf{ dflyaf6 tn;Dd Rofltof] .

jfx . ca ;a}hgf Toxf“ hfg ;S5g\ . xf] . o]zs" f] d[To'åf/f ;a}hgf k/d]Zj/sxf“ l;w} cfpg ;S5g\, s;}sf] nflu klg k"hfxf/Lsf] cfjZostf x'b“ g}  .

ha ;f“em eof], cf/dflyofsf of];k] m gfd ePsf] dflg;n] o]zs " f] z/L/ lknft;;“u dfu] tfls pgn] pko'Qm ¿kdf Tof] uf8\g ;s"g \ . pxf“ dl/;Sg'ePsf] lyof] eg]/ lglZrt ug{ ;}lgsx¿n] z/L/ hf“r u/] . of];k] mn] z/L/nfO{ bkmg ug{] n'ufn] a]x]« / To;nfO{ r6\6fgdf vf]k/] agfOPsf] lrxfgdf /fv] . lknft;n] lrxfgsf] 9f]sfdf 7"nf] 9'ªu\ f /fVg ;}lgsx¿nfO{ cfb]z lbP lsgeg] o]zs " f s]xL r]nfx¿n] z/L/ rf]g]{ sf]l;; ug{ ;S5g\ eg]/ wfld{s cu'jfx¿n] ;f]rs ] f lyP .

To;f] eP, ToxL g} cGt xf], xf]Og t < 44


xf]Og . b'O6{ L :qLn] lrxfg sxf“ lyof] eg]/

b]vs ] f lyP . t/ zafy ;'? x'g nfu]sf] lyof], To;}n] ltgLx¿n] csf{] ;f“em gcfP;Dd o]zs " f] z/L/df bNg d;nfx¿ lsGg'cl3 kv{gk' /]sf] lyof] . gof“ xKtfsf] klxnf] lbgsf] ;"of{b] odf ltgLx¿sf ;fyLx¿sf] ;fydf ltgLx¿ lg:s] .

t/ u?ª\uf] 9'ª\uf s] eof] lg <

ToxL g} 9'ªu\ fsf af/]df ltgLx¿ lrlGtt

s] /] <

eO/x]sf lyP . t/ ha ltgLx¿ lrxfgdf k'u,] Tof] klxn] g} u'8fP/ x6fOPsf] lyof] . 45


:qLx¿ xtfl/P/ leq k;] / Toxf“ nfz b]vg] g\ . To;sf] ;f6f] lrxfgdf ;]tf] kf]zfs nufPsf :ju{bt" lyP / pgn] ltgLx¿nfO{ eGf], æg8/fcf] . o]z" oxf“ x'gx' G' g . pxf“ d[tsaf6 hLljt x'ge' Psf] 5 . x]/ . pxf“sf] z/L/ oxL“ /flvPsf] lyof] . kms{/] hfcf] / pxf“sf r]nfx¿nfO{ eg ls o]z" ufnLndf ltgLx¿eGbf cufl8 hfg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] eGg'ePem}+ ltgLx¿n] pxf“nfO{ Toxf“ b]Vg]5g\ .Æ

kl5

lsg x/]s bf]if

:qLx¿ bf}8,] 8/fPsf lyP . kl5 ToxL laxfg ltgLx¿dWo] Pp6Ln] o]zn" fO{ e]l6g\ / pxf“;u“ s'/fsfgL ul/g\ . ltgL r]nfx¿nfO{ atfpg bf}l8g\ t/ s;}n] klg pgLdfly ljZjf; u/]gg\ .

lgZro klg . s;n] u5{ / < t/ :ju{bt" n] eg]em}+ o]z" d[tsaf6 hLljt x'ge' Psf] lyof] . pxf“ af/Daf/ r]nfx¿sxf“ b]vf kg'e{ of] .

s;/L <

pxf“sf b'O{ r]nfx¿ o¿zn]daf6 ufp“lt/ uO/x]sf lyP / o]z" cfpg'eof]

/ ltgLx¿;“u} lx“8g\ e' of] . ;a}eGbf klxn] ltgLx¿n] pxf“nfO{ lrGg ;s]gg\– t/ ha pgLx¿n] pxf“ sf] x'gx' G' Yof] eg]/ lrg], of] s'/f c¿nfO{ atfpg ltgLx¿ t'?Gt} kms{ ] . 46

xf

:jt lrG tkf

k/d hLj ¿k

tkf tkf

d]/f dn dt rfx

tkf sfg


kl5 vfgf vfO/x]sf] a]nfdf o]z" af“sL P3f/ r]nfx¿sxf“ b]vf kg'e{ of] . 36]sf ;a} 36gfdf ltgLx¿n] lsg ljZjf; u/]gg\ eg]/ ltgLx¿nfO{ ;f]Wg'eof] / ltgLx¿nfO{ atfpg'eof], æ;f/f ;+;f/df hfcf] / x/]snfO{ of] ;';dfrf/ atfcf] . ljZjf; ug{] / alKt:df lng]nfO{ arfOg]5 t/ ljZjf; ug{ OGsf/ ug{] bf]ifL 7xl/g]5 .Æ

jf . o]z" jf:tjd} d[tsaf6 hLljt x'g'eof] .

xf]– k/d]Zj/sf] of]hgf ToxL lyof] . o]z" kfk / d[To'af6 dflg;x¿nfO{ :jtGq kfg{ cfpg'eof] . pxf“sf] d[To' / k'g?Tyfg;“u} pxf“n] k/d]Zj/nfO{ lrGg rfxg] ;a}sf] lglDt af6f] vf]Ng'eof] . pxf“dfly ljZjf; ug'x{ f];\ / tkfO{s + f] hLjg ¿kfGt/0f x'g5 ]  . tkfO{n+ ] of] k|fy{gf ug{ ;Sg'xG' 5M

k/dk|e' k/d]Zj/, tkfO{n+ ] cfkm}n+ fO{ d]/f] ;dIf k|s6 u/fpg'ePsf] / d]/f] hLjgdf ;To s'/fx¿ b]vfpg'ePsf] lglDt tkfO{n+ fO{ wGojfb . d ulx/f] ¿kn] Ifdf dfUb5' . tkfO{n+ ] :ju{ / k[YjL ;[li6 ug'e{ of] . tkfO{n+ ] x/]s yf]s ;[li6 ug'e{ of] . ca tkfO{n+ ] ddf gof“ hLjg ;[li6 ug'x{ f];\ egL d laGtL ub{5 ' . d]/f] ;f6f]df alnbfg x'g tkfO{s + f] k'q, o]z–" /fhfnfO{ k7fpg'ePsf] / dnfO{ gof“ ;'?jft lbg'ePsf] lglDt tkfO{n+ fO{ wGojfb . cfh d]/f] hLjgdf d tkfO{n+ fO{ :jfut u5' { . d tkfO{s + f] /fHodf lhpg / d]/f] hLjgdf tkfO{s + f] of]hgf k"/f ug{ rfxG5' . ;xof]uLsf] ¿kdf kljq cfTdf k7fpg'ePsf] lglDt tkfO{n+ fO{ wGojfb . tkfO{n+ ] ul//xg'ePsf] ;a} s'/f b]Vg d]/f cf“vf vf]Ng'xf]; \ . tkfO{n+ ] eGg'ePsf ;a} s'/f ;'Gg d]/f sfg vf]Ng'xf]; \ . d]/f] Xbo / dgnfO{ tkfO{d+ f s]lGb|t agfpg'xf]; \ .

47


ca tkfO{+n] k|Fy{gf ug'{ePsf]

5 / k|e' o]z" v|Li6sf] /fHodf k|j]z ug'{ePsf] 5, ca xKtfsf] x/]s lbg Tof] /fHodf s;/L lhpg] eg]/ tkfO{+n] l;Sg' h?/L x'G5 .

;a}eGbf dxŒjk"0f{ s'/f, k/d]Zj/;“u

tkfO{+sf] ;DaGw ljsf; ug'{xf];\, pxf“ ;Dk"0f{ a|Dxf08sf] /fhf x'g'x'G5 . tkfO{+n] o:tf] ug{ ;Sg'x'G5M

     

k|fy{gfdf pxf“;“u s'/fsfgL

u/]/ . s'g} klg ;do, s'g} klg :yfgdf– tkfO{+n] af“8\g rfx]sf] s'/f pxf“;“u af“8\g ;Sg'x'G5 . ;w}+ tkfO{+ pxf“sf] glhs hfg ;Sg'x'G5 .

afOan k9]/– t/

To;sf] nflu tkfO{+nfO{ ;xfotf / lgb{]lzt ug{ kljq cfTdfsf] cu'jfO dfUg'xf]; \ . afOan k'/fgf k':tsx¿sf] u|GyeGbf klg w]/} 7"nf] s'/f xf] . tkfO{+n] kljq cfTdfsf] cu'jfOdf Tof] k9\g'x'G5 eg] tkfO{+n] hLjgsf x/]s cj:yfsf] lglDt dfu{lgb]{zg kfpg'x'g]5 .

o]z"sf] af/]df pTs6

rfxgf /fVg] cGo dflg;x¿nfO{ vf]Hg'xf];\ / oxf“ k[YjLdf pxf“sf] /fHodf lhpg'xf]; \ . tkfO{+n] oL dflg;x¿ :yfgLo d08nLdf kfpg ;Sg'x'G5– t/ pgLx¿ hxf“ klg x'g ;S5g\ .

hLjgdf h:tf];'s} s'/fx¿ eP

klg wGojfbL x'g'xf]; \ . x/]s lbg pkxf/ :j¿k lbg'ePsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/nfO{ wGojfb lbg'xf];\ / pxf“ ;w}+ tkfO{+sf] ;fydf x'g'x'G5 eg]/ ofb /fVg'xf];\ .


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The King / Nepali  

Illustrated Gospel of Mark: A vibrant presentation for youth/children about Jesus, The King.

The King / Nepali  

Illustrated Gospel of Mark: A vibrant presentation for youth/children about Jesus, The King.

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