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The World’s Story A History of the World in Story, Song and Art Volume 9 U.S. History – Civil War, Mexico Edited by Eva March Tappan

Libraries of Hope


The World’s Story A History of the World In Story, Song and Art Volume 9 U.S. History – Civil War, Mexico Copyright © 2020 by Libraries of Hope, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. International rights and foreign translations available only through permission of the publisher. The World’s Story, A History of the World in Story, Song and Art, edited by Eva March Tappan. (Original copyright 1914) Cover Image: The Underground Railroad, by Charles T. Webber (1893). In public domain, source Wikimedia Commons. Libraries of Hope, Inc. Appomattox, Virginia 24522 Website www.librariesofhope.com Email: librariesofhope@gmail.com Printed in the United States of America


CONTENTS THE UNITED STATES I. THE MEXICAN \VAR "REMEMBER THE ALA:uo"

From"Border Fights and Fighters."

• Cyrus Tuw11se11d Brady

3

THE IMPORTANCE OF ONE VOTE.

• W. H. Vail

14

TuE STORMING OF CHAPULTEPEC •

James Barnes

15

From "The Outlook."

From "The Giant of Three Wars." II. CALIFORNIA

WHEN THE ENGUSH DISCOVERED CAUFORNIA

Edward Everett HalP. 23 From"Narrative and Critical History of America."

ON THE CA UFORNIA COAST IN THE TulRTIES

From"Two Years Before the Mast."

Richard Henry Dana, Jr.

How THE "FORTY-N INERS" REACHED CAUFORNIA

Henry Childs Merwin

39

Henry Childs Merwi11

46

EA RLY BUSINESS DA YS IN SAN FRANCISCO

From"The Life of Bret Harte."

29

111. THE SHADOW OF THE CIVIL WAR

THE "BROADCLOTH MOB" OF BOSTON

From"Society in America."

Harriet Martineaze

53

ON THE UNDERGROUND RAILWAY THE GREAT LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATE

Fra11cis Gricrso11 Fra11cis Grierson

60 68

}UST BEFORE THE \VAR

Morris Sc haff

76

From"The Valley of Shadows."

From"The Spirit of Old West Point."

IV. FRO.l\I FORT SUMTER TO CHANCELLORSVILLE

THE Bo:uBARDilENT OF FoRT Su:UTER

From"History of the Southern Rebellion."

. Orville J. Victor

89

J11lia Ward Howe 95 Charles Carleton Coffin 97 From"l\Iy Days and Kights on the Battlefield." JoXATHAX TO JOHN James Rressell Lowell 104 From "The Biglow Papers."

BATTLE-HY:UN OF THE REPUBLIC THE GATHERING OF THE GREAT ARMY


CONTENTS TnE MERRDJ'.AC AND THE iioNITOR Jolin S. Wise 109 From "The End of an Era." TAKEN PRISONER AT SHILOH . . . Henry M. Stanley 126 From "The Autobiography of Henry M. Stanley." BOSTON HYMN . . . . . . Ralplz Waldo Emerson 143 V. THE TURNING-POINT

Mary Johnston "STOXEWALL" JACKSO� BY THE RIVER From "The Long Roll." A TBll.EE-HOURS TRUCE AT VICKSBURG JV. H. Tmward From "A Soldier's Story of the Siege of Vicksburg." A DRUillIER-BoY AT GETTYSBURG . . . . Harry U. Kieffer From "Recollections of a Drummer Boy." JOHN BURNS OF GETTYSBURG . . . . . Bret Harte Abraham Lincoln THE GETTYSBURG ADDRESS ALABAMA DRESSMAKIXG IN THE DAYS OF THE BLOCKADE Parthenia Antoinette Hague From "A Blockaded Family."

149 160

165 182 186 190

VI. THE END OF THE STRUGGLE THE DAY OF THE EVACUATION OF RICHMOND Uorris Sclzajf From "The Sunset of the Confederacy." CARRYING A i1ESSAGE TO GEXERAL LEE John S. Wise From "The End of an Era." LEE'S SURRENDER . . . . . Morris Schaff From "The Sunset of the Confederacy." A:ill:RICA AITER THE CIVIL WAR . William Ewart Gladstone From "The 1Iight of Right."

209 212 226 234

MEXICO I.

STORIES OF THE AZTECS

A HYMN OF TIIE ANCIENT MEXICANS . U11k11own From "The Rig Veda Americanus," edited by D. G. Brinton. NEZAHUALCOYOTL, KING OF THE TuscucANS

239

William Hickling Prescott 240 From "History of the Conquest of Mexico." How AN AZTEC BoY BECAME A KNIGHT H11bert Howe Bancroft 245 How THE AZTEC KING PASSED HIS, TIME Httbcrl Howe Ba11croft 250 From "A Popular History of the Mexican People." 11


CONTENTS II.

THE COMING OF THE SPANIARDS

HAS THE Gon QUETZALCOATL CO'llE TO MEXICO?

lV illiam Hickling Prescott 257 From "History of the Conquest of Mexico." Iluberl I/owe Bancroft 266 THE KING WITHOUT A THRO NE From "A Popular History of the Mexican People." Jacob Abbott 274 THE FALL OF TllE CITY OF MExrco From "History of Hernando Cortez and his Conquest of Mexico."

III.

MODERN MEXICO

THE ANGELS OF BUENA VISTA MAXIMILIA� AT QUERETARO • THE RULE OF PORFIRIO DIAZ

Jo/z11 G. Whittier 283 Jfargarel Junkin Preston 288

C/za1ming Amold a11d Frederick J. Tabor Frost From "The American Egypt."

111

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The World's Story Volume 9: U.S. Civil War, Mexico  

The World's Story Volume 9: U.S. Civil War, Mexico