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The World’s Story A History of the World in Story, Song and Art

Volume 5 U.S. History – American Revolution, France Edited by Eva March Tappan

Libraries of Hope


The World’s Story A History of the World In Story, Song and Art Volume 5 U.S. History – American Revolution, France Copyright © 2019 by Libraries of Hope, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. International rights and foreign translations available only through permission of the publisher. The World’s Story, A History of the World in Story, Song and Art, edited by Eva March Tappan. (Original copyright 1914) Cover Image: Arrest of Louis XVI and His Family, by Thomas Falcon Marshall (1854). In public domain, source Wikimedia Commons. Libraries of Hope, Inc. Appomattox, Virginia 24522 Website www.librariesofhope.com Email: librariesofhope@gmail.com Printed in the United States of America


CONTENTS THE UNITED ST ATES I. WAR IN. THE WEST AND ON THE OCEAN How DAXIEL BooxE SAVED BOONESBOROUGH

Charles C. B. S eymour

3

George Rogers Clark A CAMPAIGN THROUGH THE \\'ATER • How THE \VoMEN BROUGHT \VATER TO BRYAN'S STATION

13

From "Self-made l\len."

From "Border Fights and Fighters."

Cyrus Townsend Brady

24

Sarah Ome Jewett

32

Joel Tyler Headley

36

THE FIRST SALUTE TO THE FLAG

From "The Tory Lover."

JCHN PAUL JONES IN THE REVOLUTION

From"\Vashington and his Generals."

II. THE COLONIES WIN THEIR F REEDOM CONGRESS A N D VALLEY FORGE

. Jolm Fiske

36

Elizabeth F. Ellet

68

.

From "The American Revolution."

THE MESSAGE OF LYDIA DARRAH

.

From "The \Vernen of the American Revolution."

MOLLIE PITCHER • THE CAPTURE OF MAJOR ANDRE

From "Benedict Arnold."

A VISIT TO GENERAL MARION

From "The Boys of '76."

\VHEN CoRNW ALLIS SURRENDERED

From "The Heritage."

GEORGE III.

CoLONIES

ACKNOWLEDGES

THE

Kate Brownlee Sherwood Jared Sparks

76

Charles Carleton Coffin

81

Burton Egbert Stevenson

85

INDEPENDENCE

From "Men and Times of the Revolution."

\VHEN \VASHINGTON RESIGNED HIS COlBIISSION

From "Our First Century." III. LIFE

OF THE

EJkanah Watson R.

ill.

Devens

74

90 94

IN RE VOLUTIONARY DAYS

THE MESCHIANZA AT PHILADELPHIA

John F. Watson 101

From"Annals of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania." A NEW E NGLAND THANKSGIVING DINNER IN 1779

JulianaS mith

From "Colonial Holidays," compiled by Walter Tittle

107


CONTENTS .Charles D. Platt

A CALL ON LADY WASHINGTON IN I78o

112

From "Ballads of New Jersey in the Revolution." How PEOPLE TRAVELED IN REVOLUTIONARY TIMES

John Bach McMaster

114

Joh1i G. Whittier

123

From "A History of the People of the United States."

ABRAHAM DAVENPORT

FRANCE I. IN THE CHRISTMAS OF 496

THE DARK AGES •

From "Ierne of Armorica."

THE FAMOUS VICTORY OF CHARLES MARTEL.

From "Heroes of History and Legend."

J. C. Ba tema n

131

A. W. Grube

143

Unknown 146

THE LAMENT OF CHARLEMAGNE FOR ROLAND.

From "The Song of Roland."

CHARLEMAGNE, EMPEROR OF THE \VEST

From "Heroes of History and Legend."

ROLLO THE VIKING

From "E uropean Hero Stories."

iv. Grube

150

Eva Marclz Tappan

157

A.

II. STORIES OF THE HUNDRED YEARS' WAR THE BATTLE OF CREC'Y How QUEEN PHILIPPA SAVED THE BURGHERS

From "Froissart's Chronicles."

Sir John Froissart 165 Sir Jolm Froissart 171

1

THE Cm,HNG OF THE MAID OF ORI.EANS

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller

176

Mary Rogers Bangs

185

From"The Maid of Orleans." THE DEATH OF JEANNE D'ARC

From"Jeanne d'Arc."

III. FRANCE UNDER THE VALOIS KINGS XI SAID HIS PRAYERS From "The Hunchback of Notre Dame."

\VHERE LOUIS

ANNE OF BRITTANY AND HER COURT

. Victor Hugo

193

Catherine Cha rlotte

209

From "The Court of France in the Sixteenth Century." THE D EATH OF THE CHEVALIER BAYARD

From the Old Chronicles Benvenuto Cellini

J AND THE GOLDSMITH From "Memoirs of Benvenuto Cellini."

KING FRANCIS

ii

215

221


CONTENTS IV. THE HOUSE OF BOURBON THE BATTLE OF IvRY

Thomas Babi11gton Macaulay • Edward B11lwer-Lytton

231

CARDINAL RICHELIEU AND HIS ENElllY

237

Alexandre Dumas From "Twenty Years After." THE DEATH OF LOUIS XIV Julia Pardoe From "Louis XIV and the Court of France."

250

From "Richelieu."

IN THE DAYS OF THE FRONDE

268

V. ON THE EVE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

ilfarie Antoinette J.fadame Campan THE WARDROBE OF MARIE ANTOINETTE • Madame Campan From "Memoirs of the P rivate Life of Marie Antoinette." THE FALL OF THE BASTILLE Alexandre D11111as From "Ange Pitou." THE FLIGHT OF Loms XVI Charles Duke Yonge From "Life of Marie Antoinette." THE l\!ARSEILLAISE • . Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle WHEN l\fARIE ANTOINETTE ENTERED PARIS How THE QUEEN WAS SERVED •

277 279 281 284 292 302

VI. THE REIGN OF TERROR

XVI Edmo11d Birl From "The Diary of a Citizen of Paris during 'The Terror.'" IN THE REVOLT OF THE VENDEE • Victor Httgo From "Ninety-three." AT THE GUILLOTINE Charles Dickens From "A Talc of Two Cities.'' THE FALL OF ROBESPIERRE Thomas Car!yle From "The French Revolution." THE EXECUTION OF LOUIS

307 317 329 336

VII. NAPOLEON BONAPARTE

Isaac McLellan • Victor Hugo THE ComNG OF LOUIS XVIII "Louisa Miildbaclz" (Clara Mundt) From "Queen Hortense.'' THE RETURN OF NAPOLEON FROM ELBA A11011ymo11s From" Memoirs of Napoleon Bonaparte," by Bourricnne. \VHEN NAPOLEON RETURNED FROM ELBA Napoleon Bonaparte THE BATTLE OF EYLAU

.

THE RETREAT FROll: Moscow

lll

.

351 354 359 364 370


CONTENTS . Victor Hugo 372

WATERLOO

From "Les Miserables."

Isaac M cLellan 394

THE DEATH OF NAPOLEON

VIII. THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR

Emile Zola 399

THE WHITE FLAG OF SEDAN

From "The Downfall."

ONE DAY UNDER THE COMMUNE

From "Paris under the Commune."

iv

John Leighton 416


UNITED STATES I \VAR IN THE \VEST AND ONTHE OCEAN


HISTORICAL NOTE DURIKG the Revolution the border warfare in the West was constant and pitiless, and from Kentucky to the Great Lakes the outlying settlements were devastated by the Tories and their Indian allies. In 1778 the border villages of �ew York and Pennsylvania were so cruelly harried by Chief Brant and Colonel Butler that in the following year General Sullivan led an army into the country of the Six Nations, the most powerful of the Indian tribes, and avenged the massacres so sternly that this great tribe never recovered its former position. In 1778 the British planned to unite the Indian tribes and destroy the little settlements in what ,vas then the "Far West," or what is now Indiana and Illinois. This might well have come to pass if, through the efforts of a young Virgin­ ian surveyor named George Rogers Clark, they had not been driven back and Vincennes and other places captured. This one man saved the vast e:-..-panse of country between the Ohio and the Great Lakes, and as far west as the Mississippi. At the time of the Revolution the colonies had, of course, no navy of their own, and in consequence the coast was practically at the mercy of the English. Congress felt this handicap early in the war, but little ,vas done except the equipment of privateers and cruisers for the destruction of British commerce. During the first half of the war more than six hundred British vessels were taken by these privateers, but during the same period nine hundred American vessels were captured by British cruisers, and the fisheries and coasting trade of Ne·w England were almost destroyed. There was one captain· who, more than all others, terror­ ized British shipping and spread the fame of American sea­ men throughout Europe - John Paul Jones, a Scotch sailor who had settled in Virginia shortly before the outbreak of hostilities. As commander of the Ranger in 1778 and the Bon Homme Richard in 1779, he wrought havoc along the British coast, burned the shipping in British ports, and finally captured the man-of-war Serapis after one of the most desperate sea-fights in history.


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The World's Story Volume 5: American Revolution, France  

The World's Story Volume 5: American Revolution, France  

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