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The World’s Story A History of the World in Story, Song and Art Volume 21 South and Central America, Portugal Edited by Eva March Tappan

Libraries of Hope


The World’s Story A History of the World In Story, Song and Art Volume 21 South and Central America, Portugal Copyright © 2020 by Libraries of Hope, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. International rights and foreign translations available only through permission of the publisher. The World’s Story, A History of the World in Story, Song and Art, edited by Eva March Tappan. (Original copyright 1914) Cover Image: Pizarro Seizing the Inca of Peru, by John Everett Millais (1846). In public domain, source Wikimedia Commons. Libraries of Hope, Inc. Appomattox, Virginia 24522 Website www.librariesofhope.com Email: librariesofhope@gmail.com Printed in the United States of America


CONTENTS SOUTH AMERICA I. STORIES OF THE INCAS THE STOLEN CHIID OF THE INCA . Sir Clements R. Mark ham 3 From"The Incas of Peru." How PIZARRO CAPTURED THE INCA . William Hickling Prescott 11 From "History of the Conquest of Peru." THE GOLDEN RANSOM . . . . Charles Bradford Hudson 18 From "The Crimson Conquest." THE EXECUTION OF ATAHUALLPA . W. H. Davenport Adams 24 From "The Land of the Incas." THE HIDDEN TREASURE OF THE INCAS From the Spanish of Valverde 33

II. PERU, CHILE, BOLIVIA, AND ECUADOR THE HIGHEST RAILROAD IN THE WORLD Frederick A. Talbot From"The Railway Conquests of the World." How TO CONDUCT A SPA!\TJ:SH-AMERlCAN REVOLUTION F. Hassaurek From"Four Years among Spanish-Americans." THE UNCONQUERABLE ARAUCANIANS Nevin 0. Winter Nevfo 0. Winter THE CHRIST OF THE ANDES From"Chile and her People of To-day."

39 52 58 63

III. VENEZUELA, COLOMBIA, AND THE GUIANAS THE ADVENTURES OF COLUMBUS OFF THE COAST OF TRINIDAD Washingtonlrving From "The Life and Voyages of Columbus." WHAT Srn WALTER RALEIGH THOUGHT OF GUIANA Sir Walter Raleigh From "The Discovery of Guiana." THE STORY OF BOLIVAR • Lindon Bates, Jr. From"The Path of the Conquistadores." THE SWORD OF BOLIVAR . • • • Unknown THE ASPHALT LAKE OF TRINIDAD Lindon Bates, Jr. From "The Path of the Conquistadores." MODERN COLOMBIA . . . . Francis E. Cla rk From "The Continent of Opportunity."

67 70 73 89 93 96


CONTENTS IV.

BR AZIL

Robert Grant Watson 103

THE DISCOVERY OF BRAZIL

From "Spanish and Portuguese in South America." \VHY BRAZIL BELONGED TO PORTUGAL

Thomas Bonaventure Lawler

From "The Story of Columbus and Magellan."

106

How KING JoHN VI CAME To BRAZIL

D. P. Kidder and J. C. Fletcher

From "Brazil and the Brazilians."

DOM PEDRO II, THE EXILED EMPEROR Marie Rob inson Wr ight

109 113

From "The New Brazil." Nein 0. Winter 118

AN AMERICAN COLONY IN BRAZIL V.

P ARAGUAY A ND URUGUAY

LIFE AT A PARAGUAYAN "REDUCTION" Mrs. Marion G.Miilhall

125

From "Between the Amazon and the Andes." T HE ESCAPE OF THE AMERICAN MINISTER FROM PARAGUAY

From "The History of Paraguay." A VISIT TO ARTIGAS

Charles A. Washburn

130

W. II. Koebel

136

Francis E. Clark

140

From "Uruguay." URUGUAY AND TIIE URUGUAYANS •

From "The Continent of Opportunity." VI.

Tiffi AR GENTINE REPUBLIC

ARGENTINE INDEPENDENCE •

Hiram Bingham

149

Dr. D omingo Faustino Sarmiento Lady Florence D ixie

156

From "Across South America." THE PEOPLE OF THE ARGENTINE PAMPAS A REAL PATAGONIAN •

From "Across Patagonia."

IN BUENOS AIRES

162

Hiram Bingham 168

From "Across South America." CENTRAL AMERICA

William T. Brigham

A SACRIFICE TO TOHIL

From "Guatemala."

Joaquin Miller 182 Thomas B11c/1ana11 Read 183

COPAN BALBOA.

177

11


CONTENTS C HIEF NICARAGUA AND THE SPANIARDS Frederick Palmer 186 From "Central America and its Problems." \VILLIAM \VALKER, "THE LAST OF THE FILIBUSTERS." Joaquin Miller 190 THE CARGADORS OF GUATEMALA • Nevin U . Winter 193 From "Guatemala and her People of To-day." HAPPY LITTLE CosTA RICA . • . Frederick Palmer 195 From "Central America and its Problems."

PORTUGAL I. THE AGE OF CHIVALRY How THE FIRST KING OF PORTUGAL WON BIS KINGDOll Oswald Crawfurd From "Portugal Old and New." THE PENANCE OF A PRINCE Edward McMurdo From "The History of Portugal." Felicia D. Hemans THE CORONATION OF INEZ DE CASTRO . THE BETROTHAL OF PRINCESS PHILIPPA Sir Joh11 Froissart Sir John Froissart A ]OUST AT THE COURT OF PORTUGAL . From "Chronicles of England, France, and Spain."

203 212 215 220 227

II. EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY PRINCE HENRY THE NAVIGATOR From "The Discovery of America."

John Fiske 235

THE SEARCH FOR PRESTER JOHN . • ' John Fiske 237 From "The Discovery of America." TnE FIRST VOYAGE TO INDIA . • . William H. G. Kingston 241 From "Notable Voyages." How PORTUGAL OPENED COMMERCE WITH INDIA • Jules Verne 252 From "The Exploration of the World." THE SPEECH OF VASCO DA GAMA TO THE KING OF CALICUT Luis de Camoens 259 From "The Lusiads"; translated by William Julius Mickle. III. THE LAST FOUR CENTURIES THE DEPARTURE OF KING SEBASTIAN J. G. Lockhart, translator 265 From "Ancient Spanish Ballads." THE EARTHQUAKE AT LISBON . Rev. Charles Davy 268 A PORTUGUESE SHOOTING PARTY . Oswald Craufurd 279 From "Portugal Old and New." 111


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The World's Story Volume 21: South and Central America, Portugal  

The World's Story Volume 21: South and Central America, Portugal