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The World’s Story A History of the World in Story, Song and Art Volume 17 Canada Switzerland Edited by Eva March Tappan

Libraries of Hope


The World’s Story A History of the World In Story, Song and Art Volume 17 Canada Switzerland Copyright © 2019 by Libraries of Hope, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. International rights and foreign translations available only through permission of the publisher. The World’s Story, A History of the World in Story, Song and Art, edited by Eva March Tappan. (Original copyright 1914) Cover Image: The Last Voyage of Henry Hudson, by John Collier (1881). In public domain, source Wikimedia Commons. Libraries of Hope, Inc. Appomattox, Virginia 24522 Website www.librariesofhope.com Email: librariesofhope@gmail.com Printed in the United States of America


CONTENTS CANADA

I. DISCOVERY AND E.."{PLORATION WHAT THE ITALIANS THOUGHT OF JOHN CABOT

From two contemporary letters From "John and Sebastian Cabot," by Frederick A. Ober. JACQUES CARTIER AT QUEBEC • • • • • • • 10h11 Fiske From "New France and New England." SIR HUMPHREY GILBERT • • • Ile11ry Wadsworth Longfellow THE LAST DAYS OF HENRY HUDSON • • • Agnes C. La11t From "The Conquest of the Great Northwest." WHY THE IROQUOIS HATED THE FRENCH Eva March Tappan CHAMPLAIN AND THE IMPOST OR VIGNAN • • Fra1Zds Park111a11 From "Pioneers of France in the New World."

3 8 16

19

30 34

II. HEROES AND HEROINES OF EARLY CA.i'l'ADA • • • • Rev. J. 0. Miller From "Ilrief Biographies, supplementing Canadian History."

THE STORY OF JEAN IlREBEUF •

THE \VoMEN "\VHO FOUNDED THE URSULINE CONVENT AT QUEBEC

43

W. S. llerringto11

49

Agnes Maule Macliar

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From "Heroines of Canadian History." THE STORY OF VILLE MARIE DE MONTREAL

From "Stories of �ew France."

MADAME DE LA TOUR AND HER DEFENSE OF FORT ST. JOHN

Mary Hartwell Catherwood From "The Lady of Fort St. John."

THE CHILD 'WH O DEFENDED CASTLE DANGEROUS

From "Stories of New France."

Thomas G. Marquis

62

73

III. LIFE IN THE FRENCH SETTLEMENTS • • Rev. J. 0. Miller From "Ilricf Biographies Supplementing Canadian History." How PEOPLE LIVED IN NEW FRANCE Charles G. D. Roberts From "A History of Canada." THE COUREUR DE BOIS • • . Samuel Matliewso11 Baylis

l'l THE DAYS OF FRONTENAC •

87 93

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CONTENTS IV.

CANADA BECOMES A BRITISH PROVINCE

THE EXILE OF THE AcADIANS.

He11ry Wadsworth Longfellow

From "Evangeline."

Agnes

105

La ut

111

George Ba 11croft

n6

Eva Ma rch Ta ppa n • • Daniel Owen • Samuel Thompson From "Reminiscences of a Canadian Pioneer." THE SECOND CONCESSION OF DEER • • Willia m Wye Smith

132

THE SECOND CAPTURE OF LOUISBURG

From "Canada, the Empire of the North."

THE FALL OF QUEBEC

.

From "History of the United States."

.

C.

THE TROUBLES OF THE LOYALISTS . • LOYALIST SHELBURNE • • • • . . • How A SETTLER BUILT HIS Loe BARN •

V.

140 147 151

SCENES FROM CANADIAN HISTORY

WHEN TECUMSEH MET GENERAL BROCK

.

Walter R. Nursey

159

From "The Story of Isaac Drock." LAURA SECORD, A HEROINE OF THE WAR OF 1812

Rev. J. 0. Miller 161 From "Drief Biographies Supplementing Canadian History." THE BATTLE OF LUNDY'S LANE • . . . Agnes C. La ut 164 From "Canada, the Empire of the North." THE CUTTING-OUT OF THE CAROLINE Jolin Cha rles Dent 169 From "The Story of the Upper Canadian Rebellion." TAKEN PRISONER BY THE FENIANS David J1111or 176 William Wye Smith 186 THE CANADIANS ON THE NILE VI.

STORIES OF THE TRAPPERS

Thomas A CANADIAN BOAT-SONG • • • How THE NORTHWEST COMPANY LOST FORT GABRIEL

Moore

191

Sir Gilbert Pa rker

193

From "The Chief Factor."

SHOPPING AT A HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY'S FORT

From "The Great Fur Land." THE TRADE INTO THE NORTH VII.

THE CANADIAN

II. M. Robinson

200

A ubrcy Fullerton

207

NORTHWEST

How ALEXANDER MACKENZIE REACHED THE PACIFIC OCEAN Rev. J. 0. Miller

From "Drief Biographies Supplementing Canadian History."

ii

219


CONTENTS Eva M arch Tappan

How CANADA ACQUIRED THE NORTHWEST How THE CANADIAN

p ACIFIC

223

CROSSED THE SELKIRKS

Frederic A. Talbot From "The Railway Conquest of the World."

2 29

THE CANADIAN NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE

W. G. Fitz-Gerald A. G. Bradley

How THE CANADIAN NORTH WEST AWOKE

Fror::i " Canada."

VIII.

238 2.50

THE El\lPIRE OF THE NORTH

John G. Whittier Eliza B. Chase

259

THE BORE OF THE BAY OF FUNDY How DR. GRENFELL WAS SAVED •

George A 11drews

264

• • Dr. Wilfred Thomaso,i Grenfell From "Down North on the Labrador." Agnes C. La11t CANADA OF THE FUTURE • • • • . From "Canada, the Empire of the North."

268

THE CABLE HYMN

From "Transcontinental Sketches."

From "Adrift on an Ice-Pan."

GIVEN TO HOSPITALITY •

261

279

SWITZERLAND I. IN EARLIEST TIMES

Sir Arthur Helps 291

THE SIEGE OF THE LAKE-DWELLERS

From "Realmah."

Eva March Tappan 295

THE FLIGHT OF THE HELVETIANS

.

THE DEVIL'S BRIDGE OVER THE REUSS •

Retold from Cresar's "Commentaries." From "Legends of Switzerland."

H. A. Guerber

300

II. HOW THE SWISS GAINED THEIR FREEDOM THE MEETING AT THE RUTLI •

.

.

.

Heinriclt Zscltokke

307

From "The History of Switzerland." THE SHOT OF WILLIAM TELL TELL'S ES CAPE •

From "William Tell."

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller Jolzann Christopit Friedrich von Sc/tiller

311 331

Felicia Dorothea Hemans Walter Tltombury

339

SoNG OF THE BATTLE OF MoRGARTEN THE DEATH OF W1NKELRIED

iii

335


CONTENTS III.

STORIES FROM SWISS HISTORY

THE BARON OF RARON AND THE "MAZZE"

From "The History of Switzerland."

PEACE OR WAR?

From "Anne of Geierstein."

• .

J. Wilson

347

Sir Walter Scott

349

.

.

How THE Sw1ss MET CHARLES THE BOLD OF BURGUNDY

From "The History of Switzerland."

Heinriclt Zsc ltokke

364

THE MILK PORRIDGE INCIDENT, A STORY OF THE REFORMATION

Clarence Rook

369

Jac ob Abbott

372

Boyd Winc hester

379

From "Switzerland." THE PRISON OF CHILLON

.

From "Rollo in Geneva."

THE LION AT LUZERN

From "The Swiss Republic."

IV. STORIES OF ALPINE ADVENTURE

Heinrich Zsdwkke

385

L.A. Gilbert

391

Edward lVhympcr

396

• . John Addington Symo11ds From "Our Life in the Swiss Highlands."

403

SWEPT DOWN A BY AN VALANCHE

From "The Rose of Disentis."

THE SLIDE OF ALPNACH •

From Gilbert's "Annalen."

THE FIRST ASCENT OF THE MATTERHORN.

From "Scrambles among the Alps."

TOBOGGANING ON A GLACIER

V. LIFE

IN

THE MOUNTAINS

W. D. McCrackan

411

Boyd Winchester

415

Clare11ce Rook From "Switzerland, the Country and Its People."

418

OUR BORll.OWED SCIENTISTS

From "The Romance of Switzerland."

THE TINY FARMS OF SWITZERLAND

From "The Swiss Republic."

How SWITZERLAND DEFENDS HERSELF

How THE SWISS BUILT THE GREATEST TuNNEL IN THE WORLD

Fra11cis Fox

iv

425


CANADA I DISCOVERY AND EXPLORATION


HISTORICAL NOTE IT is probable that even before the year 1000 the Norsemen sailed along the Canadian shores; but John Cabot was the first who is known to have landed (1497), and it is chiefly upon his exceedingly slight exploration of the coast that Eng­ land based her claim to North America. Many years passed, however, before she established herself in what is now Can­ ada; for the French were the first to explore the land and found colonies. As early as 1504 French fishermen began to visit the Newfoundland Banks; in 1518 an attempt was made to found a French colony on Sable Island; and in 1524 Verrazano, under orders of the French King, Francis I, sailed along the coast from the 34th to the 50th parallel of latitude. Ten years later the St. Lawrence River was explored by Jacques Cartier, who took possession of the country in the name of the King of France. In 1603 Samuel de Champlain, "the father of New France," accompanied a colonizing expedition to the Cana­ dian wilderness. Five years later he was appointed Lieuten­ ant-Governor of the new colony. Under the guidance of this intrepid and vigorous leader the country was systematic­ ally e:-..-plored, treaties were made with the Indians, and new settlements were founded. As the result of Champlain's efforts, French power was firmly established along the St. Lawrence before his death in 1635.


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II HEROES AND HEROINES OF EARLY CANADA


HISTORICAL NOTE DETERMINED to convert the Indians, zealous missionaries of the Jesuit Order made their way to the Hurons, the Algqn­ quins, and even the fierce Iroquois. W. J. Robertson says of them: "Among the Algonquins they suffered want and hardship, dwelling in wretched. tents full of smoke and filth, and often ill-treated and despised by the people they "·ere trying to benefit. At first their efforts were of little avail; even the Hurons, the most intelligent, kindly, and well-to-do of the Indian tribes, thought the missionaries brought them trouble in the shape of drought, sickness, and ill-success in hunting and war. But no amount of failure could discourage these patient and unselfish men. After a while the Indians began to respect them, and then came a general willingness to be baptized and to accept the religion taught by the mis­ sionaries. It was not long before nearly all the Hurons became converted to Christianity, and left off their heathen prac­ tices and habits. Two names will always be remembered in connection with these Huron missions, those of Father de Brebeuf and Father Lalemant; the first strong in frame, brave of heart, and capable of enduring any amount of hardship; the second, delicate, refined, loving, and unselfish. Other missionaries took their lives in their hands and went among the cruel and treacherous Iroquois, hoping to do some good to the fiercest enemies of the colony. But little, however, came of these missions. The Iroquois did not trust the French, and the missionaries after a brief stay were either murdered or compelled to escape for their lives. The name of Father Jogues, who suffered, first, mutilation, and later on, death, at the hands of the Iroquois, is one that shines bright on the roll of martyr missionaries. "Equally courageous and devoted were the women who left homes of wealth and luxury to brave the awful dangers of the Canadian wilderness in their eagerness to save the souls of the savages who sought only their torture and death."


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The World's Story Volume 17: Canada, Switzerland  

The World's Story Volume 17: Canada, Switzerland