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WAYS DOGS IMPROVE OUR MENTAL HEALTH

TOP CANINE

GUINNESS WORLD RECORDHOLDERS

HOW DOGS

Learn

HOW MUCH EXERCISE DOES YOUR DOG NEED? $11.95 Canada

ANNUAL 2020

185 + breeds at a glance

TOP 10

TRAINING TIPS

perfect puppy pics! CanadianDOGS.com


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contents 12 Lifestyle & Travel 12 P  ick of the litter 6 steps to choosing the right puppy for you and your family.

26 H  ow to start and maintain an Instagram account for your dog A guide to making your canine #instafamous.

50 P  rotecting your dog from the elements All the outdoor gear you need for your Canadian pup!

56 Perfect doggy play dates

Take these tips into consideration before organizing your first doggy date.

98 Activity trackers for dogs Is your dog “getting her steps in”? Find out by investing in a canine activity tracker!

101 The truth about cats and dogs A look at the relationship between Canada’s most beloved companion animals.

106 R  oad trip!

6 must-have doggy items for a safer car vacay!

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Nutrition 44 Level up his nutrition! A savvy guide to feeding your best friend.

54 Tri-Light Bliss Biscuits These healthy treats are perfect for the whole family – four-legged members included!

Health 18 How much exercise does your dog need? Breed, size, age and health status all play a role in his fitness requirements.

34 Your dog’s microbiome A healthy gut equals a healthy dog.

60 The dirt on doggy dental care Tools and tips to help you keep your pup’s mouth healthy.

68 6 ways to know if your dog is in pain Your dog can’t talk, so it’s important to understand his body language!

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Training and Behaviour 24 T  eaching your dog the “Name Game” See how many objects she can identify by name!

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30 How our dogs learn from watching us

Dog-human Interest

Your canine companion picks up on more than you might think!

38 Top 10 dog training tips

16 Are you and your dog alike?

The keys to successful training are found in following these ten important steps.

If you suspect your dog has a lot in common with you, you’re right!

42 Are dog parents fitter? A recent study reveals how far dog parents walk per week compared to those without canine companions.

64 Top Guinness World “Record-Barkers”

80 S  ay “cheese”! Train your dog to pose for photos like a pro — in 5 easy steps!

92 6  tips to keep your dog off the furniture Need help curtailing his couch surfing? Look no further!

Check out these “bone-a-fide” record-holders!

102 Is your dog scared of strangers?

70 Dogs to the rescue! A look at all the ways dogs are improving the mental health of humans.

84 Dog safety How to keep everyone safe from dog bites.

88 Henry the avalanche rescue dog

Here’s how to transform him into a “people pooch”.

Grooming

94 Bathing your dog: a stepby-step guide Follow these 9 steps for a smooth and stress-free bathtime experience.

Meet one of Canada’s most remarkable canines!

91 Are pets good for your career?

108 Why dogs need mani-pedis too!

New research indicates that the path to success is paved with pets!

Learn why regular nail care is an important part of your pup’s grooming routine.

Departments 10 Editorial

202 Trainers & Groomers

112 Breed Directory

203 Marketplace

210 The A-maze-ing Treat Hunt

The Groups, Purebreds, Rare breeds

181 Spotlight 6

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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

ADMINISTRATION

C.C.O. & Editor-in-Chief: Dana Cox Senior Editor: Ann Brightman Associate Editor: Emily Watson Senior Graphic Designer: Dawn Cumby-Dallin Senior Graphic Designer: Alyssa Dow Graphic Designer: Kathleen Atkinson Breed Ambassador Photography: Alice Van Kempen Social Media Manager: Elisabeth Dunphy Cover Photography: Pavlina Trauskeova

President/CEO: Tim Hockley

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Nadia Ali Colleen Archer Varsha Bang Karen Shaw Becker, DVM Suzi Beber Pilley Bianchi Ann Brightman Stanley Coren, PhD Dana Cox Jason Goldstein Andrea Gronwald Stephanie Horan Ada McVean, B.Sc. Erin Mullen John W. Pilley Nancy Scanlan, DVM, CVA Becki Selby Emily Watson Tonya Wilhelm

SUBMISSIONS: Please send all editorial material, advertising material,

photos and correspondence to: Canadian Dogs Annual, 160 Charlotte St., Suite 202, Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8. We welcome previously unpublished articles and digital colour pictures at 300dpi. We cannot guarantee that either articles or pictures will be used or that they will be returned. We reserve the right to publish all letters received. Email your articles to: info@redstonemediagroup.com. TO PURCHASE: Copies can be purchased at most major retail outlets across Canada or online at CanadianDOGS.com/order. CDN MAIL: Canadian

Dogs Annual

160 Charlotte St., Suite 202 Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8

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Office Manager: Libby Sinden Accounting Manager: Susan Smith Webmaster: Lace Insom

ADVERTISING SALES

National Sales Manager: Tim Hockley, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 110 Tim@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Display and Marketplace: Kat Shaw, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 315 KatShaw@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Becky Starr, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 221 Becky@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Jamie McClure, 1-866-764-1212 ext. 227 Jamie@redstonemediagroup.com Breeder Sales: Libby Sinden 1.866.764.1212 ext. 114 Libby@RedstoneMediaGroup.com

ON THE COVER This handsome fellow puts the “aww” in suave! Like most Labrador Retrievers, his even-tempered nature makes him ohso huggable. Bred to work with hunters and fishermen in the harsh climate of Canada’s east coastline, their cuteness is equally matched by their hardiness and excellent retrieving abilities. Today, they’re cherished as affectionate, loyal family dogs in households worldwide.

The material in this magazine is not intended to replace the care of veterinary practitioners. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the editor, and different views may appear in other issues. Redstone Media Group Inc., publisher of Canadian Dogs Annual, does not promote any of the products or services advertised by a third party advertiser in this publication, nor does Redstone Media Group Inc. verify the accuracy of any claims made in connection with such advertisers. Canadian Dogs Annual is published once a year by Redstone Media Group Inc.. Entire contents copyright© 2019. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by any means, without prior written permission of the publisher. Publication date: November 2019. Canadian Dogs Annual is a division of Redstone Media Group.


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Editorial We go together like peas and carrots Late in the fall, just before closing up the cottage for the season, my husband and I decided to take advantage of the sunny afternoon and stretch our legs. The planned hike involved some climbing so we left our little senior dog, Muffie, curled up in her bed, and set out. As we strolled by our neighbour’s cottage, an athletic young German Shepherd excitedly bounced out to greet us. “Awesome! Where are we going?” she seemed to say, with a happy grin. Evidently, she had been waiting for some walking buddies to come along because she quickly fell into step just ahead of us. We had spotted Shasta a couple of times that summer (she is our neighbour’s son’s dog) but we didn’t know her well. Fortunately, she got the “okay” to take part in our adventure and the three of us crossed into the forest and climbed up the hill to the rough trail beyond. Shasta ran point, but never ventured too far ahead. Along the way, we jumped fallen trees and played fetch the stick. She got distracted by a squirrel or chipmunk here and there but always came back when we called her. It was a perfect afternoon and it struck me after how truly sympatico our species have become. We’re like “peas and carrots”, as Forrest Gump would say. The fact that we were mere acquaintances of Shasta’s didn’t matter. We simply enjoyed each other’s company. Our hike wouldn’t have been half as much fun without her, and judging by her body language, I’m pretty sure she felt the same way. In this issue of Canadian Dogs Annual, we celebrate a bond that’s been millennia in the making. Canines are now integral to nearly every aspect of our lives, from helping us with issues related to mental health, to serving as the muse for our social media platforms. Who doesn’t love to take photos and videos of their dogs, right?! As dog “parents”, we now think more about their needs, both physical and emotional, and make decisions that will help them live longer, healthier lives. High quality nutrition, positive training methods, thoughtful exercise regimens, social interactions, and informed health options make for well-adjusted, happy canine companions.

Wishing you and yours many happy adventures,

Of course, choosing the right dog for your lifestyle is the first step in building a strong foundation. That’s where Canadian Dogs can help. Our at-a-glance Breed Directory gives you a quick snapshot of more than 185 breeds, including their grooming and exercise requirements. When you’re ready to add a puppy to the family, make sure you choose a reputable breeder who understands the importance of genetics, and provides proof of registration and health clearances. Our Spotlight section and Breeder Directory is a great place to start.

DANA COX

No matter what you decide, you’re sure to have a new best friend, and who can ask for more than that?

Editor-in-chief

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Pick of the

Litter BY STEPHANIE HORAN

6 STEPS TO CHOOSING THE RIGHT PUPPY FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY.

ou did your research and decided on the right breed for your lifestyle. You settled on a reputable breeder, and reserved a puppy from the next litter. Now comes the hard part — choosing the right puppy for you and your family! Who can resist an armful of plump and wriggly puppy, that melting wide-eyed look and wonderful puppy breath? But don’t be swayed by your emotions; make a clear plan with the following tips.

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Visit the Litter

Visiting very young puppies is really pointless as they will all look like well-fed little sausages. Only colour and markings will be evident, irrelevant for a family pet. The puppies’ immune systems are poorly developed at this early age, and strangers may unknowingly bring disease, so a reputable breeder will not allow any close interaction between you and the litter. The dam (mother) may be upset by a visit from a stranger when her puppies are very young, so control your impatience until the puppies are older — about seven to eight weeks. It’s a red flag if a breeder refuses to allow you any access. Maybe there is a legitimate reason such as health issues in the home, canine or human, but you need to find out. Be cautious if the breeder suggests that she picks a puppy for you, or sends you photographs instead. These are only reasonable choices if you are physically unable to visit in person. Otherwise, you might want to look elsewhere for your puppy.


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Watch the Puppies

When you do visit the litter, sit on the floor and watch the puppies play and interact with each other and with people. A puppy of seven to eight weeks is already displaying its own personality, but don’t jump to conclusions. The quieter puppy may not be a gentle couch potato — it may be the liveliest one normally, but is tired on the day you visit because of earlier activity. The puppies should not run and hide from you, nor back off and bark suspiciously. If several appear overly timid and shy, they may not have experienced normal household activity. The breeder should have been socializing the litter to the bustle and noise of an ordinary home. Heed the advice of the breeder — she has been observing the babies from their first day and will have noted their individual personalities. If she points out one or two puppies that in her opinion would be perfect for you, pay attention. One or more puppies may have been earmarked as potential show prospects for herself or other buyers, so don’t be upset if those are not available for you.

Often the best puppy for a family is the middle-of-the-road one — a moderately active, easygoing youngster, neither a bully nor shy.

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Check the Puppies

Look closely at each puppy individually. Healthy puppies of all breeds are round but not fat. Eyes should be bright and alert with no discharge, and ears should not smell bad. Coats should be clean and shiny, with no feces around the rear. The puppies should be not be coughing or sneezing or have any nasal discharge, and they should run and play without any limping or stiffness.

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4

“The Puppy Picked ME!”

No, it probably didn’t. There are many reasons why one particular puppy might run up to you, chew on your fingers, play with your shoes, climb into your lap. It may be a little hellion and will grow into an annoying adult, constantly demanding attention. Or it may be more introverted and trying to get away from its siblings because it’s uncomfortable with the excitement and activity caused by your visit.

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Male or Female?

Differences in personality or trainability between the sexes are really minimal in most breeds, particularly if you intend to spay or neuter. Some believe that males are more affectionate and easier to train, while females are more aggressive and protective. There is really little truth to this, so choose whichever individual puppy you have set your heart on.

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Walking Away

If you are not comfortable with the puppies, or the choices that the breeder has offered, make the hard decision to walk away. There will be other litters in the future.

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FINAL WORD: There is no such thing as pick of the litter! Different people will have different picks depending on their circumstances and plans. Some hope for show or performance potential, others for a working dog, and some for the perfect companion and soulmate. Often the best puppy for a family is the middle-of-the-road one — a moderately active, easygoing youngster, neither a bully nor shy. This puppy will usually be easy to train and should adapt happily to your life.

Stephanie Horan and her husband Terry got their first Puli in 1969 when they lived in England. They immigrated to Canada in 1974, bringing several Pulis with them. They have been breeding and showing ever since, competing in conformation and obedience in Canada and the US, though in recent years conformation showing has been their main interest. Stephanie is an award-winning writer and lives in Nova Scotia.

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Are you and your dog

alike?

If you suspect your dog has a lot in common with you, you’re right! A new study reveals that humans and their dogs share similar personality traits. People sometimes say that dogs and their people start to look alike after a while, but is the same true of the way they act? New research says “yes”! Apparently, a dog’s personality evolves over time as a result of “nurture”. In other words, how a dog is raised, and who he shares his life with, can have an effect on his character. This ultimately shapes the dog he becomes — and that can include sharing personality traits with his human guardian. The fascinating study, published in the Journal of Research in Personality, is the largest of its kind to examine changes in canine personalities. Lead researcher William Chopik surveyed the pet parents of more than 1,600 dogs, which included more than 50 different breeds of varying age and gender. The human participants were asked to evaluate their dogs’ personalities as well as their own by answering a series of survey questions pertaining to behaviour, likes, dislikes and other qualities. The results revealed that humans and their canine companions often have personality traits in common. For instance, dogs rated as more excitable and active tended to have extroverted guardians, while dogs that were more fearful and less responsive to training were often raised by people claiming to have a high rate of negative emotions. The research proves how much influence we have on our dogs, and demonstrates that, much like children, dogs are “sponges” and internalize the things we say and do. It also shows how fluid dogs’ personalities can be.

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“When humans go through big changes in life, their personality traits can change,” says Chopik. “We found this also happens with dogs — and to a surprisingly large degree. We expected the dogs’ personalities to be fairly stable because they don’t experience the wild lifestyle changes humans do, but they actually change a lot.”


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How much EXERCISE does your dog NEED? BY ERIN MULLEN

Breed, size, age and health status all play a role in how much physical activity your dog requires to stay fit, happy and healthy.

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xercise is essential for your dog’s wellbeing. But it’s not a “one-size-fits-all” field. The appropriate type and amount of exercise depends on her breed, as well as her size, age and physical health. Without considering all these factors, your dog may end up getting too little or too much exercise. It’s important to understand your individual dog when determining how much physical activity she needs to stay happy and healthy.

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BREED TYPE and exercise

Some dogs were bred for higher levels of activity because they worked with humans to hunt, herd or protect. These breeds often need more exercise than others, whether it’s through running, playing fetch, swimming or engaging in a canine sport like agility. “German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Siberian Huskies, Border Collies and most terriers are some of the most active breeds,” says dog trainer Elissa Weimer. Dogs with these breeds in their makeup crave activity and will run around the backyard just for enjoyment. “You can


Active breeds

also teach them to play hide and seek, do agility, or engage in nosework to keep it exciting,” Elissa says.

Passive breeds

Not all breeds require a lot of physical activity. “Maltese, Chihuahuas and Bichons are examples of dogs that require less exercise,” says Elissa. Others include Pugs, Bulldogs, Basset Hounds and Pekingese. These dogs benefit more from light activities such as a leisurely stroll — and in some cases, you might have to encourage them to do even that since getting off of the couch may not be one of their primary goals!

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Require less activity More active SIZE MATTERS when it comes to exercise

It’s easy to assume that big dogs need more exercise, and smaller ones need less. Sometimes the two go hand-in-hand, but it’s not a rule. For example, Great Danes are huge, but their exercise requirements are significantly lower than those of smaller breeds such as the Australian Shepherd. And while Greyhounds are associated with speed, they don’t need the same levels of physical activity as most terriers.

When a large dog and a small dog run a mile, the experience is different for each. “Smaller dogs are effectively running longer distances from a physiologic standpoint,” says veterinarian Dr. Doug Knueven. This may seem obvious, but it means that even an extremely active but tiny canine may not need a great deal of exercise to meet his energy level requirements. Conversely, of course, a very active large-sized dog might require a lengthy run to make sure he gets the exercise he needs. Another important size-related aspect is the dog’s weight. “Animals that are overweight need to exercise, but don’t overdo it,” says Dr. Knueven. “These dogs have more of a burden to carry, and might have reduced heart and lung function due to interference from the extra fat tissue.” If a dog is too heavy (or too thin), it is essential to work with a veterinarian to evaluate him before engaging him in an exercise program.

AGE

Age will affect how much exercise a dog needs. “As dogs get older, their need for exercise does not disappear, but it does diminish,” says Dr. Knueven. “Age often brings arthritis, for example, which may go undiagnosed unless the animal has obvious lameness.” It’s essential to carefully monitor your dog before, during and after exercise, especially as he gets older. “If your dog is especially stiff or has difficulty getting up from a prone position after exercise, then cut back on the intensity of the workout and have her joints checked by a veterinarian,” Dr. Knueven says.

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How exercise affects behaviour

Finding the proper amount and type of exercise for a dog is paramount to preventing behavioural problems as well as keeping him fit. “When dogs that need high levels of activity don’t get it, behavioural problems often result,” says Dr. Knueven. “They might take out their frustrations on furniture and carpeting.” This is because a dog can experience profound psychological discomfort when he doesn’t get the right amount of exercise. “It’s not fair to expect an intelligent active animal to behave when cooped up in a boring house all day with nothing to do.” Elissa agrees: “All too often I see good-hearted owners who get a working or herding dog and expect him to just lounge around the house all day without causing chaos. It’s best to engage these dogs while exercising them so they are both mentally and physically drained.”

PHYSICAL ISSUES

Physical limitations, including those that are breedrelated, may become more apparent with exercise. For example, short-nosed breeds like Pugs often develop respiratory problems that can be exacerbated with too much physical activity. Illnesses such as cancer and neurological conditions can also influence how much exercise a dog should get; it’s important to work with your vet in these instances. By properly researching your dog’s breed or mix of breeds, considering his size, and factoring in any physical or behavioural issues, you and your vet can build the best possible exercise problem for your best friend’s wellness and longevity.

Erin Mullen is a freelance writer and entrepreneur. She graduated from Saint Vincent College and enjoys spending her free time in the outdoors with her boxers, Emma and Elsa.

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How much exercise is too much? Ensuring active dogs get enough exercise is important, but you also have to be careful they don’t do too much. “Over-exercising a dog can lead to soreness, fatigue and even injuries if the animal is pushed to do more than his body can handle,” says Dr. Knueven. Make sure your dog rests when he’s tired. “Some breeds, especially Labrador retrievers, can be obsessive about playing fetch and will literally chase the ball until they pass out,” adds Dr. Knueven. Be aware that dogs don’t always do what’s best for their well-being, and that you may need to intervene if your dog is overdoing it. “Use common sense when using fetch as a workout. Caution is also needed during warm weather as overexercising can lead to heatstroke.”

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Teaching your dog the

“Name Game” Who doesn’t love dog tricks? They’re such a fun way to bond with your dog…and they can do wonders for his mental stimulation! They also help reinforce reliable and obedient behaviour in a positive way.

If your dog has mastered the basics (sit, stay and come), why not try teaching him how to play the “Name Game”. This trick teaches him how to identity objects by name. Start with his favourite toy and see how many names he can learn. Use the tip sheet below to help guarantee success (after all, it worked for Chaser, the world’s smartest dog!).

Chaser’s Tip Sheet: Learning the First Word*

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KEEP LEARNING SESSIONS SHORT Keep your learning sessions short and sweet — no more than five minutes. You can and should repeat them throughout the day.

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TEACH HER THE NAME OF A NEW OBJECT a. Put only one toy on the floor so your dog cannot make a mistake. b. Name the toy. Chaser’s first toy was a blue racketball named “blue”. c. Do not introduce any new toys during this process. You can rehearse other toys throughout the day, but not during the “new toy” training sessions. *Written by John W. Pilley & Pilley Bianchi © 2019 chaserthebordercollie

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Photo courtesy of Sebastien Micke.

Below: Chaser poses with some of the objects she can identify and fetch by name. Right: Dr. Pilley and Chaser.

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USE PLAY TO COMBINE VERBS WITH THE NEW OBJECT This is the perfect opportunity to teach verbs and combine them with the object in play behaviours such as: • Find “blue” — it’s the only object on the floor and in plain sight. • Take “blue” — hold out “blue” in your hand for her to take it in her mouth. • Chase “blue” — roll the ball on the floor for her to chase. • Fetch “blue” — another word for “find.”

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PLAY HIDE AND SEEK WITH THE NEW TOY After multiple sessions of the above, you can begin hiding the toy in plain sight, again making it impossible for your pup to miss it. It’s a good opportunity to give the command “watch me!” which will also be the foundation for imitation. • On a chair • Under the couch — in sight • At the corner of the room

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AVOID MISTAKES If you see your dog is about to make a mistake, rather than correct her, immediately call her back to you. Back up a few steps until you both get back on track.

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KNOW WHEN TO MOVE ON TO A NEW TOY After several days of the above, place the toy in open view in another room and ask your dog to “find x”. You can even show her: “Chaser, here’s x!” Go into another room together and ask her to “find x”. This will eventually become a great game of “hide and seek”.

WOW!

Chaser the Border Collie holds the record for the most objects identified by name — a whopping 1,022! She learned her extensive “vocabulary” from her beloved owner and trainer, John W. Pilley, Jr., a professor of psychology at Wofford College in South Carolina. Dr. Pilley began teaching Chaser as a puppy shortly after she arrived at his home, as part of a research project. That research turned into a lifelong partnership between the talented canine and the professor. She loved to showcase her talent, and received extensive media coverage internationally for her extraordinary memory. In addition to learning the names of objects, Chaser could understand sentences with multiple elements of grammar, and learn new behaviours by imitation. She could also learn new words by “inferential reasoning by exclusion” — deducing the name of a new object by excluding objects whose names she already knew. Chaser passed away on July 23, 2019, at the age of 15. Dr. Pilley died a year earlier, just before his 90th birthday. For more info, check out www.chaserthebordercollie.com, and look for a new book on Chaser's training tips coming soon.

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BY EMILY WATSON

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@andrewknapp - Momo

@iggyjoey

@jaspywoof

@tibbythecorgi

@toby_littledude

@webers.world

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


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f you’ve ever gotten sucked into row after row of beautiful images on Instagram, you understand the appeal. Scrolling this app has become a common pastime for billions of people around the globe – and many of these users are following at least one dog. In fact, the most followed Instagram dog, @jiffpom, boasts a whopping nine million fans.

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You might not be able to gain that many followers for your own dog – at least not anytime soon. But taking and posting pictures and videos of your furry friend is a fun pastime that can help you connect with other animal parents. And it’s a great way to document memories that’ll last a lifetime. Here’s how to start and grow an Instagram account for your animal companion.

If you haven’t already, visit an app store and download Instagram. It’s free!

2 Your “handle” is the username that will represent you (or in this case, your dog) across Instagram. You’ll have to come up with a name that hasn’t already been taken by another user, so get creative!

3 Congratulations, you’re now the proud owner of your dog’s Instagram account! Now that you’ve joined over a billion other users, it’s time to create a profile that’ll help you stand out from the crowd. Hit the “edit profile” button, and input your animal’s name, your website (if applicable), and write a short bio to describe your beloved companion. This is also a good time to add your profile photo. This tiny image is one of the first things other users will see, and will help them decide whether or not to follow you – so pick a good one! If you don’t have any photos yet, skip to the next step!

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to r dog how u o y h c a To te heck out c , o r p a pose like p. 80. n o le c ti r a our

4

This is the fun part! But taking a good picture of a dog isn’t as easy as it looks. Chances are, he’ll be squirmy and uncooperative. To snap a good shot, use his favourite treat to encourage him to “pose”. Make sure you’re either outdoors or in a well-lit room, and use the best camera you have at your disposal to make sure the final result is high in quality. Your phone should work just fine.

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Once you’ve managed to get a good shot, it’s time to post it. You can edit the photo in the app, and apply one of the available filters to make it “pop”. If you haven’t already uploaded your profile photo, you can use this one! Next, write a caption for your photo. You’ve got space for 2,200 characters (approximately 300 words), so use it wisely! This is the time to determine any specific goals you have for your dog’s account. Do you want to use it as a way to educate others, raise awareness for a cause, or showcase your photography skills? Maybe you’re just hoping to make people laugh, or keep in touch with family and friends. Whatever you decide, use your first post to let others know why you’re there. Adding hashtags to your post is a great way to be found by other users. To determine which hashtags to use, look at other accounts similar to yours. You can use up to 30 hashtags in a single post, but most experts recommend anywhere between five and 11. Try using #dogsofinstagram and #petstagram to start.

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Consistency is another vital ingredient when it comes to gaining followers. Several studies on social media habits have revealed that to encourage “traffic” to your page, you should post a photo one to three times each day. If popularity isn’t your goal, just continue posting pictures and/or videos of your companion whenever you find the time. This way, you’ll have a digital photo album to look back on in years to come! Emily Watson is an Associate Editor at Redstone Media Group, publisher of Animal Wellness Magazine, Equine Wellness Magazine, IVC Journal and Canadian Dogs Annual. She is a certified yoga and medical Qi Gong instructor and has been writing – creatively and otherwise – for ten years. Off the mat and away from the keyboard, Emily can be found hiking, camping and traveling with her wife and fur babies.

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What do our dogs

LEARN from watching us? BY STANLEY COREN

From a dog’s point of view, the world can be a scary and confusing place. Take technology, for example. Dogs often don’t know what to think or do when they encounter certain devices we take for granted. I remember my dog shaking in fear the first time he encountered an elevator door. Another dog I knew fiercely attacked the rolling suitcase being pulled by his beloved mistress. He clearly thought it was pursuing her, and leapt to her defense. These reactions are a little out of the ordinary, however. In the vast majority of cases, despite the many novel and unusual situations our average dogs encounter, they learn to adapt and react appropriately to their environments. So the interesting psychological question is: “How do they do that?” 30

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DO DOGS LEARN LIKE SMALL CHILDREN? Sometimes it is the casual observation of everyday events that gives us a clue as to what is going on in a dog’s mind. Do you recall a time where you both walked into a room or some unfamiliar place, and your dog seemed to scan the surroundings, acting unsure about what was going on there? Think back to this situation and try to remember what your dog did next. Most likely he turned his head to look at you. A team of psychologists in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Milan, guided by Dr. Sarah Marshall-Pescini, noticed that this behaviour in dogs is very similar to actions that psychologists typically observe in young human children. Technically, it’s called “social referencing”, and it involves trying to use another person’s perceptions and interpretation of a situation to help understand the circumstances better. Social referencing helps guide the child’s future behaviour, which is very useful, in general, since it allows people to avoid making mistakes that could happen if they blundered through a situation in a trial-and-error fashion.

What is social referencing? There are actually two components to social referencing. In the first, the child looks directly at the caregiver or person in authority, and then looks back at the item or the situation of concern. This alternate looking back and forth between the face and the unfamiliar object or event is actually a communication signal. It seems to be designed to draw the caregiver’s attention to the object of concern. This differs quite a bit from simply seeking reassurance, which does not need to involve looking back and forth between the person and the worrisome situation. The second component of this process involves reading the behaviours and the emotional responses of the caregiver, which the child then uses to guide her own behaviour. If your dog is acting in a similar fashion, it would mean he is unsure about something he has encountered. Usually, he will look back and forth between your face and the situation that is bothering him to get you to pay attention to what is confusing him. Then he will try to read your positive or negative emotional response and use that information to help him decide what to do next.

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THE EXPERIMENT To see if dogs act in a similar way to young children, the researchers had to set up a situation that would arouse a mild degree of stress in a dog — just enough to cause a bit of worry and uncertainty — but not enough to generate real fear. The solution turned out to be very simple. They took a common oscillating fan and attached plastic streamers to it. When they turned on the fan, the sound of the motor and the snapping of the “flying” streamers provided an unusual stimulus that a dog might view as potentially worrying. In the dog’s mind, after all, each of the streamers might have a mouth that can bite, so this wildly-moving thing could be a version of the mythical many-headed hydra that Hercules slew (if the dogs knew anything about Greek mythology)! The first thing the scientists wanted to determine is whether or not social referencing occurs only during times of uncertainty (as with children). To accomplish this, unleashed dogs were brought into a room while

the scientists explained the experiment to their owners. Without the fan present, the dogs tended to wander around the room, and seldom glanced at their owners. In the testing situation with the fan on, results were vastly different. The dogs hesitantly took a few steps into the room and then a full 83% of them immediately turned to look at their owners before turning their gazes back to the fan. They alternated looking back and forth, seemingly searching for an interpretation of the strange object from their trusted “persons”. With the dogs reacting in this way, the scientists next wanted to determine whether the canines would effectively act on the basis of their owners’ emotional responses. They asked the men and women to deliver a simple negative or positive verbal message in an appropriate tone of voice. The negative group used expressions such as “That is really ugly!” or “I don't like the look of that!”, while the positive group used phrases such as “Wow, that’s really pretty!” or “That is nice”.

The first thing the scientists wanted to determine is whether or not social referencing occurs only during times of uncertainty (as with children).

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HOW DO OUR DOGS LEARN FROM US? It turns out that dogs are very sensitive to a negative or cautious response from their owners. When owners expressed displeasure about the stimulus, the dogs tended to pretty much freeze in place. This is very much the same sort of thing human toddlers do when confronted by negative messages from their caretakers. The dogs did not seem to be as responsive to positive verbal messages, however. Their behaviour changed very little and they continued to move around the room a bit, seemingly still trying to interpret the strange object. It is almost as if they glanced at their owners and asked, “Should I worry about this?” and if the answer was “No”, they simply carried on with what they were doing before. The situation changed, however, if the owners made the positive or negative content of their messages more explicit by using whole body communication rather than just a verbal comment. If their humans approached the worrisome object without fear, the dogs also approached. If the owner then crouched near the object, the dog often came even closer and tried to touch it. But if the dog’s owner moved away from the object as if it bothered him, then the dog moved with him and refused to go anywhere near the suspicious object.

Stanley Coren is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of British Columbia. He is an award-winning behavioural researcher, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He has written books on dog behaviour and human-canine interactions, and receive the Maxwell Medal of Excellence from the Dog Writers Association of America for his book Born to Bark. His most recent book is Do Dogs Dream?

THE RESULTS Taken together, this research suggests that dogs, like human children, look to the significant humans in their lives to help them interpret situations that might be ambiguous or problematic. They look at their human caretakers’ faces when they are worried, and seem to search for evidence that suggests their humans feel the same way. Just like human children, dogs look to us for an interpretation of whether things are good or bad. They then adjust their own behaviour and emotional responses according to how they interpret our emotional reactions. After all, staying close to their humans when they move away from the object is a behaviour that is most likely to keep the dogs out of trouble. So it appears that when we are around our dogs, we should follow the same guidelines offered in parenting books. In particular, we should watch our own emotional responses in ambiguous situations — for the sake of both our children and our dogs!

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YOUR DOG’S

microbiome BY KAREN SHAW BECKER, DVM

A healthy gut equals a healthy dog. Take a close-up look at his gut microbome, and why it’s so vital to his well-being. 34

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By now, you’ve probably heard the term “microbiome”, although you may not know exactly what it means. The microbiome describes the collection of billions of microorganisms (microbiota) that live in and on your dog’s body (and your own). The microbiome is made up of several distinct areas, including the eyes, genitals, mouth and skin, as well as the intestines, which comprise the all-important gut microbiome. Microbiota serve many beneficial functions — they control pathogens, support gut health and the immune system, produce vitamins and short chain fatty acids, and much more. In this article, we’ll focus on the gut microbiome, and how it influences your dog’s overall health.

Why the gut microbiome is so important

In recent years, it has become abundantly clear that the composition of microbes in the gut plays a crucial role in health and disease prevention. This makes sense because 70% to 80% of your dog’s immune system is located in the gastrointestinal tract. When we disrupt the gut microbiome, we automatically disrupt immune function, which can have far-reaching consequences. In humans, studies have established an association between gut microbes and dozens of health conditions, including obesity, allergies, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, cancer, Parkinson’s, autism, organ disease, depression and more. Studies of dogs (and cats) suggest that many of the conditions often seen in today’s pets, such as oral disease, GI illness such as IBD, skin and urinary tract problems, and bacterial infections, are all linked to changes in the gut microbiome.

OTHER FACTORS THAT DISRUPT GUT BACTERIAL BALANCE The bacteria in your dog’s GI tract can be influenced by a number of additional factors — everything from emotional stress to an unhealthy lifestyle. Stressors that can throw your dog’s gut bacteria out of balance include: • Sudden change in diet • Poor quality or biologically inappropriate diet • Pica (eating non-food items such as feces, sticks, rocks, etc.) • Drinking contaminated water • Vaccinations • Surgery • GI disease • Travel or boarding • Emotional stress (often caused by a change in routine or environment) When gut bacteria are out of balance, it can trigger a cascade of nutritional problems, including poor nutrient absorption and intermittent or chronic diarrhea. It also opens the door to leaky gut syndrome (dysbiosis), which means partially digested amino acids and allergens are able to enter the bloodstream. This in turn can create a host of other health problems, from allergies to autoimmune disease and changes in behaviour.

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GOOD VS. BAD MICROBES Some microbes promote health while some are harmful. Non-harmful microbes can be very useful for the host. For example, some microbes in the human gut digest vegetable fibres, and in turn, the microbes are given food and energy. Harmful microbes are also part of your dog’s microbiome. They can, for example, excrete metabolites that are not beneficial to the host body, or can even be pathogenic, meaning they cause illness. Salmonella is a pathogenic microbe. It can cause diarrhea in humans, but dogs very rarely get sick from it, even though they may have it in their guts quite often.

It’s also important to realize that genetics account for only about 10% of canine illnesses. The remaining 90% have environmental causes, with the most prevalent being an inappropriate diet.

Maintaining your dog’s microbiome health

One of the most important steps you can take to keeping your dog’s microbiome healthy is to avoid antibiotic use, except when a bacterial infection has been definitively diagnosed and all other treatment options have been exhausted. If antibiotics are necessary, do damage control by providing your pet with foods and supplements that nourish gut flora. Here’s what you can consider: Fermented vegetables — they help feed his gut microbiome.

ANTIBIOTICS — ONE OF THE BIGGEST THREATS TO THE MICROBIOME Antibiotics indiscriminately kill gut bacteria, both good and bad. This is why secondary infections and lowered immune function are common side effects of taking antibiotics. Chronic low-dose exposure to antibiotics through food also takes a toll on the gut microbiome, and can result in chronic ill health and increased risk of drug resistance. Scientists who have studied the impact of early-life antibiotic therapy on body composition have proven that altered microbiota, which can result from antibiotic use, may cause obesity through processes that create inflammation or change metabolic activity in the gut. These processes can also result in diabetes and fatty liver disease. Further research shows that a high-fat diet exacerbates the problem, and that changes in the metabolic pathways remain throughout life.

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High quality probiotic supplements — they restore the microbiome after drug therapy or during times of stress. Digestive enzymes — to promote healthy digestion. Look for animal-derived supplements that ideally contain some or all of these ingredients: betaine HCI, ox bile extract, bromelain, papain, pancreatin, protease, amylase and lipase. Your dog’s gut is home to a diverse and complex community of microbiota that serve a range of important functions. Keeping his gut microbiome balanced is crucial to maintaining his overall health and helping to prevent a variety of diseases.

Dr. Karen Shaw Becker received her veterinary degree from the Iowa State College of Veterinary Medicine. She owns/operates Natural Pet Animal Hospital, Feathers Bird Clinic, TheraPaw Rehabilitation and Pain Management Clinic and Covenant Wildlife Rehabilitation in Illinois. She co-authored Real Food for Healthy Pets and hosts a holistic animal wellness website (mercolahealthypets.com).


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DOG TRAINING TIPS BY ANDREA GRONWALD

WHEN IT COMES TO TRAINING YOUR DOG, THE KEYS TO SUCCESS ARE FOUND IN FOLLOWING THESE TEN IMPORTANT STEPS. Dog training involves so much more than teaching your canine companion to sit, stay and come. It means teaching him how to live successfully in the human world. Training helps keep your dog safe, provides him with much-needed mental stimulation, gives him a purpose, and strengthens the bond between you. Here are ten key training tips that will help you raise a happy and well-behaved dog.

1

MAKE SURE YOUR DOG IS HEALTHY

If your dog is not feeling well, it may affect his behaviour, but training is not the solution in this case. To keep your dog healthy, feed him a high quality diet, provide regular physical exercise and play, and allow for socialization, mental stimulation, and sufficient rest and quiet time. Have your dog checked regularly by a veterinarian. If you notice a sudden change in his behaviour, or any signs he isn’t feeling well, a visit to the vet is warranted before you implement a training program. 38

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2

3

REWARD YOUR DOG FOR BEHAVIOURS YOU LIKE

BE PROACTIVE AND SET YOUR DOG UP FOR SUCCESS

Prevention and management play important roles in training. It is a lot easier to prevent unwanted behaviours and teach your dog what you would like him to do, than to try to break unwanted habits later.

Reinforcing spontaneous behaviours your dog offers on his own is probably the easiest and yet most overlooked training method. Throughout the day, when your dog does something you like, praise and reward him for it. No matter how much of a troublemaker you think he is, there are many moments when he actually behaves well.

For example, if you don’t want your dog to steal food from the kitchen counter, either don’t leave food out, or prevent his access to the kitchen counter. Then teach him what you want him to do instead by saying, for example, “leave it”. Puppies love to chew, so if you leave your expensive Italian shoes within her reach, don’t blame her for being destructive. Instead, put your shoes away and provide her with appropriate chew toys and treats.

For example, when he happens to sit or lie down, goes to his bed, picks up a toy instead of your slipper, looks at you for feedback, or walks nicely on the leash, tell him how much you like that and give him a treat. Your dog will offer those behaviours more often because he has learned he will be rewarded for them. Over time, gradually replace food rewards with affection and other things your dog likes, such as going for a walk or playing fetch.

Whenever your dog performs a behaviour you don’t like, make sure you set up the environment in such a way that she cannot engage in it again, then teach her a substitute behaviour.

4

START TRAINING IN AN ENVIRONMENT WITH FEW TO NO DISTRACTIONS

Always start teaching a new behaviour in an environment with minimal distractions, such as your living room. Once your dog has learned a behaviour inside your house, gradually move to places with more distractions — for example, practice in your yard, then on a quiet street, then in a park, then on a busier street with people walking by, and so on. One complaint every trainer hears is: “My dog sits at home but won’t sit anywhere else. He is very stubborn.” There is a simple explanation for why your dog may do a behaviour at home but not anywhere else: canines are contextual learners. This means that whenever the context changes (e.g. you are at someone else’s house), your dog perceives it as a different situation, which means you need to teach the behaviour from the beginning again. This change of context can appear quite subtle to humans. For example, just because your dog has learned to sit on carpet, doesn’t mean he will sit on a tile floor. Or, if your dog sits for you while you are standing in front of her, she may not sit when you ask her from a chair. You have to teach every behaviour in different environments and situations. But don’t worry — with practice, your dog will eventually understand that “sit” means “sit” regardless of where she is or what is going on around her. At that moment, your dog has generalized the behaviour.

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5

USE HIGH VALUE REWARDS

8

HAVE REALISTIC EXPECTATIONS

You want to use rewards your dog finds highly motivating. The majority of dogs are food motivated and real meats or cheese are great rewards for them. Some prefer toys or affection over food. Use whatever motivates your own dog. Reward her generously whenever you teach a new behaviour; when she does a behaviour she finds particularly difficult; or when you’re working with her around distractions. A simple “good girl” or “good boy” cannot compete with a squirrel running by. You will have to offer more than that, such as steak, hamburger and the like. Over time, you gradually wean your dog off treats and replace food with real life rewards, such as affection or play.

6

KEEP TRAINING SESSIONS SHORT AND MAKE THEM FUN

Many short training sessions throughout the day are more effective than one or two long sessions. A session can last from a few seconds to a few minutes. You can easily incorporate training into your daily routine. For example, ask your dog to “come” and “sit” before you put the food bowl down. Ask her to lie down before you throw the ball. If you are teaching a new behaviour, practice for a few minutes and always end on a good note Training is not supposed to be a tedious task. It’s supposed to be fun for you and your dog. Whether you teach “stay” or “shake”, it’s all tricks to your dog.

7

BE CONSISTENT

We often unintentionally teach our dogs unwanted behaviours. For example, some people don’t mind their dogs jumping on them — unless they are wearing nice clothes. Well, our dogs won’t see the difference between casual jeans and a cocktail dress. Also, every family member has to be consistent with your training goals. It would be difficult for your dog to understand that he may jump on one person in the household, but not another. Use clear and consistent hand signals and verbal cues. For example, say “sit” instead of “sit down” if you want your dog to sit. Say “off” and not “down” when you want your dog to get off the couch. Our dogs pay close attention to us and a small change in our words or gestures may confuse them. 40

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Age, size and temperament all play a role when training your dog. Consider his physical and emotional abilities. Old dogs can certainly learn new tricks, but make sure your senior is able to do what you ask of him. Puppy brains are like sponges, and they can learn a lot in a very short time. But keep in mind that their behaviour is not yet reliable. A timid dog may find seemingly simple tasks challenging. Training takes time and practice. Have realistic expectations and be patient. Every dog — just like every human — learns at his own pace.


9

GO BACK TO AN EARLIER STEP WHEN YOUR DOG “DOESN’T GET IT”

When your dog doesn’t do what you ask him to, go back to the point where he was successful. He is not being stubborn or disobedient. He most likely just doesn’t know what you are asking him to do. For example, if your dog knows how to sit and stay for ten seconds, but won’t do it for 20, simply go back to ten seconds and gradually build on that. It is better to move in baby steps than to set your dog up for failure.

10

SEEK PROFESSIONAL HELP

When you need additional help with training your dog, find a professional trainer who uses force-free, positive reinforcement training methods. If your dog shows any signs of aggression, always contact a trainer sooner rather than later to avoid any escalation. Training your dog involves patience, consistency and plenty of rewards. Make training fun and positive and he’ll respond the way you want him to!

Andrea Gronwald is a certified family dog trainer through Raise with Praise, Inc., owned and operated by Paul Owens, a leading positive dog training expert. She has worked with dogs as a volunteer for two Humane Societies. Andrea and her dog are also part of a volunteer pet therapy program for veterans. She recently started working as a trainer for a local dog training company. Andrea is a strong proponent of positive training methods.

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Are dog parents

A recent survey found that people with dogs walk an average of 1,400 km (870 miles) per year! A total of 2,000 adults, half of whom had dogs, took part in the study conducted by OnePoll.com. Results revealed that people with canine companions walk more than 34 km (21 miles) a week, while those without dogs walk less than 23 km (14 miles).

THE SURVEY ALSO FOUND THAT: • Dog owners are fitter overall, and reported better mental health and reduced stress levels • Dog walks are 34 minutes long on average • 23% believe their dogs have made them more sociable

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up his

Level

nutrition! BY ANN BRIGHTMAN

A savvy guide to feeding your best friend. A healthy dog starts with a healthy diet. But with so much to choose from when it comes to dog foods, how do you decide where to start? Knowing something about the different categories of dog food available today will help you make the best selection for your best friend!

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Dry food is a favourite with many dog owners because it’s so convenient. After all, what could be easier than pouring kibble from a bag into a bowl? Once upon a time, most kibble products for dogs weren’t great – they were high in empty carbs, low in quality protein, and loaded with all kinds of artificial additives and fillers. But thanks to consumer demand for healthier pet foods, and improved manufacturing technologies, many dry dog foods have made big strides in recent years and are much healthier and more nutritious than they used to be. SHOP SMART! Poor quality kibbles do still exist, so you need to be a smart shopper to ensure you’re getting something that will keep your dog properly nourished. Read product labels. The better dry diets will contain ingredients such as real meats, fish oil, fresh veggies, fruit and herbs, and few to no grains, soy, cheap by-products or fillers. Red flags include vague terms like “animal fat” and “poultry by-product meal”, which can cover a wide range of often questionable ingredients. SUPERIOR INGREDIENTS Many of the better kibbles are also free of all those synthetic colours and flavourings – because they don’t need them! They also have a higher nutrient density and are more digestible; and because they contain fewer cheap ingredients like corn gluten, they are lower in Omega-6s, which when consumed in high quantities can contribute to inflammatory problems such as allergies and arthritis. Last but not least, a growing number of these newer and better dry foods source their ingredients more

carefully, turning to domestic farms rather than importing from countries where food quality standards are much lower than they are in Canada. Some even go a step further by ensuring their ingredients are GMO-free, organic, or humanely-raised. COOKED JUST RIGHT Most kibble is manufactured using an extrusion process. Newer methods help retain more of the ingredients’ nutrient value than in the past. Traditionally, companies used very high temperatures when producing pet foods, which meant a lot of the nutritional value of the ingredients was destroyed, necessitating the addition of synthetic vitamins and minerals. However, more pet food manufacturers are now cooking their dry foods at lower temperatures and for shorter periods, so vital nutrients are preserved while harmful bacteria are killed.

Tip:

Wash out your dog’s food bowl every day with hot, soapy water to prevent unwanted bacteria. His water bowl can be washed every second day.

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Canned wet foods are probably the second-most popular dog food choice after kibble. Like dry foods, they’ve been around for decades, and they’re almost as convenient. As with kibble, the quality of many wet foods has improved exponentially in recent years, so if you buy the right product, it’s a great option for your dog. STEWS OR PÂTÉ? Most canned dog foods are available in two forms – stews or pâtés. Stews are chunky, with visible pieces of meat, veggies and gravy, while pâtés are paste-like mixtures of ground-up ingredients. You can also buy wet dog foods whose ingredients have been minced or shredded. Stews may seem superior because you can readily identify the ingredients, such as pieces of beef or chicken, sweet potatoes or carrots. Pâtés, meanwhile, are a uniform colour and texture, so it’s hard to see exactly what they’re made of. But if you’re buying a quality product, one form isn’t necessarily better than another. Which you choose will depend on your dog. If he’s picky about veggies, for example, stews might not be the best, since he may leave his peas and carrots behind. In this case, a pâté would be better, since he won’t be able to separate the vegetables from the meat! Dogs that like texture and gravy, on the other hand, will probably be more enthused about eating stews than pâtés. WHAT ABOUT BPA? Wet dog food often comes in cans that have been lined with BPA (bisphenol A), a chemical used to make plastics and resins. BPA forms a protective barrier between the metal of the tin and the food inside it, helping reduce the risk of food-borne illness. On the down

Tip:

Wash or wipe the top of the tin before opening. Use a clean can opener (with no rust) and wash the can opener after every use. This will prevent any bacteria getting into the opened food.

side, BPA can leach into the food and cause health problems by disrupting the animal’s hormones. The good news is that recent publicity about the dangers of BPA has led to safer alternatives among responsible dog food manufacturers. Some wet foods are now sold in Tetra Pak cartons, which are lined with a food-grade polypropylene layer. Other companies have switched to lining materials made from modified acrylic, polyester or plant resins. Looks for “BPA-free” on dog food labels; if you’re in any doubt, don’t be afraid to contact the manufacturer and ask them what they use to line their tins!

Storage tips

Kibble – Close or re-seal the bag after every use, and store in a cool, dry place. Canned – Store in a cool, dry place. Opened cans can be securely covered and stored in the refrigerator, but for better quality and taste, store unused portions in a glass jar. Lightly cooked – Store in the fridge and discard unused portions after a week. Freeze-dried/dehydrated – Unopened packages can keep for years in a cool, dry place. If properly resealed, opened packages do not need to be refrigerated, but keep them away from moisture and heat. Raw frozen – Keep in the freezer until ready to use, and always defrost the portion you need in the fridge, not on the counter.

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Lightly cooked food represents the best of both worlds for those who don’t want to handle raw meat, but want to ensure the food maintains as much of its nutritional integrity as possible. Many nutrients and beneficial bacteria are destroyed when foods are cooked at high temperatures. Light cooking, however, preserves an optimal number of these important nutrients while killing off potential pathogens such as E. coli and Salmonella. Manufacturers that specialize in lightly cooked pet foods use a combination of lower temperatures and shorter cooking times to partially cook the food. These products give dogs most of the benefits of a raw food diet, without the risk of bacterial contamination – a good compromise for those whose canine companions may not do well on all-raw food. Lightly cooked dog foods can often be purchased through pet food subscription services that deliver them in frozen form right to your door, similar to the food subscription boxes that many people use for their human families – how convenient is that!

WHAT ARE ALTERNATIVE PROTEIN SOURCES?

Some dogs develop diet-related allergies and food sensitivities to common protein sources such as beef or chicken. These issues can result in intensely itchy skin or chronic diarrhea, and typically occur in dogs who eat the same food for months or years on end.

If your own pooch is among these sensitive canines, your veterinarian may have suggested trying foods made from alternative protein sources. These include meats and poultry you may have never considered feeding your dog, such as bison, venison, duck, elk, goat, emu, quail, ostrich, rabbit and even kangaroo! While not every pet food company offers products made from these unusual protein sources, their number is growing, so these diets are easier to find than they were even a few years ago. Feeding your dog a variety of foods – including alternative protein sources – not only helps alleviate and prevent allergies and sensitivities, but also makes mealtimes a lot more interesting for him! Try to rotate protein sources on a regular basis for the best results. Just take it slowly when introducing him to a new food, to help prevent digestive upset.

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case ice) directly into a gas (water vapor), while bypassing the liquid stage. To achieve this, frozen food is placed in a vacuum which vaporizes the water in the food and draws it out before it can turn into liquid. DEHYDRATED As with freeze-drying, the goal of dehydration is to remove moisture from the food while preserving its nutritional content. This is achieved by exposing raw unfrozen food to low heat for a long period of time. Because such low temperatures are used, dehydration doesn’t negatively impact the nutrients, enzymes and amino acids found in the food.

Another rapidly-growing category is freeze-dried and dehydrated foods. Both these processes preserve raw food without jeopardizing its flavour or nutritional integrity. FREEZE-DRIED With freeze-drying, the raw food is first frozen. It then has the moisture removed from it while it’s still in the frozen state. Simply put, this is done through a process called sublimation, which involves transforming a solid (in this

Some companies use air-drying to make their foods – this process is similar to dehydration, and can be done using either warm or cool air. The cooler the air, the more nutrients are preserved. Lightweight and easy to store, or to pack if you’re travelling, freeze-dried and dehydrated foods are very convenient – all you do is add water and voila – your dog has a tasty and nutritious meal! Some foods absorb water better than others, though, and consistency can range from thick, souplike meals to chunkier varieties, so do some taste tests to determine what your dog prefers.

Top 4 supplements for dogs Even when your dog’s diet offers him a full range of nutrients, you can improve his health and wellbeing even further by adding in a few supplements. Here are four to consider – just be sure to talk to your veterinarian first and use veterinary formulas rather than those designed for humans.

Antioxidants

Antioxidants include vitamins C and E, beta carotene, lycopene and quercetin. They play an important role by neutralizing the harmful free radicals in your dog’s body that can lead to a range of diseases, including diabetes, cancer, and hypothyroidism. Supplementing with antioxidants may help prevent your dog from developing these conditions.

Digestive enzymes

Digestive enzymes break down foods so his body can absorb and use them properly. They help with inflammation and allergies, and are also good for digestive health and function. An enzyme supplement is a good idea for dogs who eat cooked foods, since high temperatures degrade these nutrients. Digestive enzymes can also be helpful for older dogs, whose GI systems may not be functioning as well as when they were young. 48

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Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3s include eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA). EPA supports cell membrane fluidity, circulation, skin health and immunity, and also has powerful anti-inflammatory properties. DHA is needed for the proper development of a pup’s nervous and visual systems. Research also indicates that a deficiency of DHA can contribute to anxiety, aggression and hyperactivity in dogs. Good sources of EPA and DHA are fish oil, cod liver oil, krill oil, etc.

Probiotics

Probiotics help keep your dog’s intestinal flora healthy and balanced. Beneficial bacteria such as L.acidophilus and Bifidobacteria are essential to a smoothlyfunctioning GI tract, and help prevent digestive upsets such as diarrhea, vomiting, constipation and IBD. Probiotics are also important for dogs who have been taking antibiotics, to help replenish their intestines with the good bacteria killed by the drugs. Look for products with a variety of beneficial bacteria strains.


You probably know some fellow dog owners who feed their canine companions a raw diet. Maybe you’re also considering this option for your own pooch. In the wild, your dog’s carnivorous cousins eat all their food raw, and it’s true that the canine digestive tract has evolved to handle and benefit from consuming raw meat. Prepared frozen raw diets offer complete and balanced nutrition to dogs. They’re are also easy to feed – they come in a variety of forms, from patties to medallions, so all you do is thaw and serve. No chopping or mixing needed.

Shopping list Amore – Cool air-dried pet foods made from a variety of natural protein sources, including beef, chicken, lamb, rabbit, salmon and kangaroo, plus fresh veggies. amorepetfoods.com Champion Pet Foods – Orijen and Acana lines of biologically-appropriate foods made from fresh, raw and freeze-dried regionally-sourced ingredients. championpetfoods.com Chicken Soup for the Soul – Complete, balanced kibbles made from real food ingredients. chickensouppets.com

In most cases, raw-fed dogs thrive, and maintain a healthy weight

Formule Raw – Frozen raw and freeze-dried recipes made from natural locally-sourced ingredients. formuleraw.com

into the bargain. It’s a good idea, however, to consult with your veterinarian before switching your dog to a raw diet, since it may not be suitable for canines with immune system problems.

Grizzly Pet Products – Dehydrated and oven-baked recipes made from Alaskan wild salmon along with organic coconut meal and quinoa. grizzlypetproducts.com

CONCERNED ABOUT HYGIENE? The biggest concerns most people have about raw diets involve hygiene. Many dog parents don’t like the idea of handling raw meat, and are worried that either they or their dogs will get Salmonella or some other yucky bacterial illness. However, a healthy canine digestive system is equipped to digest raw meat, and safe handling and storage practices reduce the risk of sickness in people. Just use the same cautions as if you were preparing a meat-based dish for your human family – make sure you wash and disinfect your hands, as well as work surfaces, bowls and utensils.

Happy Go Healthy – Dry food topper supplement for joint and skin support; ingredients include Icelandic marine algae, prebiotic fibre and salmon oil. happygohealthypet.com Heed Foods – Meat-first kibbles with freeze-dried fruit and veggie toppers. Blends include ingredients such as turkey, cod, apple, sweet potato and more. heedfoods.com Loyall Life Pet Foods – Premium dry foods made from chicken, beef and salmon, including grain-free recipes and diets for puppies and large breeds. nutrenaworld.com/loyall-life-pet-foods NRG Pet Products – Cooked and raw dehydrated foods featuring wild-caught salmon, free-range chicken and range-fed beef. nrgpetproducts.com Nulo – Offers a range of quality high-meat kibble, freeze-dried raw, canned pâtés and shredded and minced recipes. nulo.com Oven-Baked Tradition – Slow-baked kibbles made from premium ingredients that include chicken, fish and lamb with fresh veggies and fruits. ovenbakedtradition.com Petguard – High quality wet and dry foods free of artificial ingredients; choose from eight different canned formulas, or a chicken and brown rice dry recipe. petguard.com

Ann Brightman is Managing Editor for Animal Wellness Magazine and Innovative Veterinary Care Journal. A lifelong animal lover, she has also been a writer and editor for almost 30 years. Ann is a member of the Professional Writers Association of Canada, and is also a Tai chi instructor.

Raised Right – Lightly-cooked human-grade foods for puppies (beef) and adult dogs (turkey); offers customized meal plans and home delivery. raisedrightpets.com

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PROTECTING

Canadians love to spend time outdoors with their dogs. But whether

YOUR DOG

you live in Newfoundland, British Columbia or anywhere in between, battling the weather and adapting to the changing

FROM THE

seasons in our country can feel like a full-time job! Having the right gear makes that job so much easier, and helps both of you enjoy the

ELEMENTS 50

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020

splendour of the Great White North all year round!


Winter

The perfect fleece for your fur babe

The Shed Defender Winter Fleece is a onesie made from a premium French fleece fabric that protects your pup from the winter elements. Designed to provide warmth and prevent your dog’s hair from freezing into ice balls, the onesie is a polyester and Spandex blend that’s as soft as a fleece blanket, but stretches to allow your dog to run and play freely on winter walks. It provides warmth and snow protection without the bulk! sheddefender.com/collections/frontpage/products/shed-defender-winter-fleece

Keep him warm & cozy

No more cold feet!

The Extreme Warmer from Hurtta is very possibly the warmest dog coat available. From wellmannered walks to doggy-style roaming, this soft, breathable, waterproof coat and its body heat-reflecting inner layer protects Canadian dogs from the chill of the winter season.

Do your dog’s paws get chilly on walks? Maybe the salt or snow irritates his pads, causing him to limp? If so, he needs boots! Look for a waterproof set that will keep his feet dry as well as warm, and be sure to check the company’s return policy before committing. Comfort is important when it comes to footwear, so if they don’t fit him right, swap them out for another pair!

hurtta247.com/product-page/extreme-warmer

An all-natural salve for his paw pads

Help protect and moisturize your dog’s paws with Paw Stick — the lickably safe formula from LifeFORCE Pet Health. This Canadian-made moisturizer provides a protective barrier against snow, salt and ice, and helps heal dried and cracking pads. Made with a natural blend of coconut oil, vitamin E and pure essential oils, this handy stick is a must-have for the winter season. And you can use it in the summer too! lifeforcepet.com/products/paw-stick

There’s nothing worse than the smell of wet dog! Not only are doggie raincoats super cute — they’re also the perfect way to keep your pup dry and warm on those rainy spring days. You’ll still have to towel-dry his legs after walks, but the rest of his body will be waterless and mud-free! Look for a coat that’s made of high quality water-resistant material. It should be light and breathable, and shouldn’t hinder his movement.

Stop ticks in their tracks

Ticks have been making their way north for several years now. If you don’t want to use chemicals, look for a natural tick product like Tick Slick Coat Enhancer Spray for Dogs by LifeFORCE Pet Health. Tick Slick’s unique, wax-based formula creates a barrier on your dog’s coat. It’s too slick for ticks to stick to, preventing them from getting on your dog in the first place! This easy-toapply, residue-free spray is a uniquelydesigned formula that is also a natural coat conditioner — and it doesn’t contain DEET!

Spring

Keep the rain off

lifeforcepet.com/products/tick-slickcoat-enhancer-for-dogs-1

Protect his eyes with doggie goggles

Have you heard of Rex Specs dog goggles? If not, you’re missing out! This protective eyewear is ideal for dogs of all sizes — from Great Danes to Dachshunds. Designed to stand up to the rigours experienced by military working dogs, the durable goggles are popular among outdoor enthusiasts and those with active pups. Use them to protect your dog’s eyes against UVA/UVB rays and sticks, dirt and debris while chasing squirrels or hanging his head out of car windows. Doggie goggles are ideal for use all year round! rexspecs.com

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Summer

Invest in a life vest!

Every water-loving pup should own a doggie lifejacket! Even great swimmers like Labs and Retrievers get tired after a full day in the water, so these handy devices are a great safety net to have on hand. Perfect for the cottage, the boat and the beach, a lifejacket will give him confidence, and you peace of mind. Look for one with a handle in case you have to hoist him up, and make sure it’s not too big or small.

Keep bugs at bay

Bug spray for dogs has become a common investment among pet parents… and for good reason! With all the diseases insects carry (not to mention the itch or sting they leave behind), spritzing your pup with a repellent is more important than ever. Look for an all-natural brand formulated for canines, or make your own bugbusting blend out of dog-friendly essential oils!

Break the heat with a bandana

During the long, hot stretch of summer, tying a damp bandana around your pup’s neck can help bring him some cool relief. Reach for one made of quality material that’ll stand the test of time, and be sure to dry the bandana between uses so it doesn’t start to smell!

Shield his skin

Believe it or not, dogs can get sunburns too! Protect your pup from the sun’s harsh rays by investing in some all-natural sunscreen formulated for canines. If he’s got a thick, protective coat, rub it on his nose where the hair is thinner. For dogs with sparser hair, apply more liberally! This will prevent the uncomfortable sting of a sunburn, and may even protect him against skin cancer.

Spend a lot of time on the road? As the chilly weather moves in, it’s a good idea to throw a blanket in the back of your car. Look for one that’s cozy and heavy duty, like the Cloudpuff Blankie by Sleepypod. Made with ultra-soft plush and a durable, microfibre suede backing, it’s the perfect option for pets. When it gets dirty, just toss it in the washing machine! sleepypod.com/cloudpuff

Light the way

Sweater weather!

As the leaves start to change colour and the temperature starts to drop, there’s nothing quite as comforting as a wool sweater. Keep your pup as cozy (and stylish) as you with a chunky knit. Great for strolls, days out on the town, and trips to the pumpkin patch, a good sweater is a timeless garment he can wear for years to come!

An LED or fluorescent collar and leash is a must as the days get shorter in the fall. These devices make your dog more visible between dusk and dawn, reducing his risk of getting into trouble during these times. While you shouldn’t let your dog wander off-leash outside daylight hours, a lit collar will help you keep an eye on him in the yard when he goes out for potty breaks at night, and will help safeguard against him escaping.

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Fall

The perfect car blanket


HOW OLD IS

YOUR DOG IN HUMAN

Most people realize that dogs age more quickly in comparison to humans but did you know that size often plays a role too? See the chart below for an idea of when small to large dogs reach different stages of life — from adolescent/ adult to senior to geriatric. Remember that longevity is affected by lifestyle, so give your dog the best chance at a good quality of life by paying attention to diet, exercise, mental stimulation, socialization and affection. For a more accurate picture of your dog’s age, speak to your veterinarian.

YEARS? AGE

WEIGHT (LBS) 1-20

20-50

50-90

>90

1

15

15

14

12

2

23

24

22

20

3

28

29

29

28

4

32

34

34

35

5

36

38

39

42

6

40

42

45

49

7

44

47

50

56

8

48

51

55

64

9

52

56

61

71

10

56

60

66

78

11

60

68

72

86

12

64

69

77

93

13

68

74

82

101

14

72

78

88

108

15

76

83

93

115

16

80

87

99

123

17

84

92

104

131

18

88

96

109

139

19

92

101

115

20

96

105

120

21

100

109

126

Adult

Senior

Geriatric

*Adult/Senior/Geriatric chart developed by Dr. Fred L. Metzger, DVM, State College, PA.

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Tri-Light Bliss Biscuits Ingredients

1 can (15 ounces) pure pumpkin pureé or 2 cups fresh pumpkin 1 cup almonds

Instructions

Line a large cookie sheet with parchment paper. Grind almonds and Brazil nuts in a food processor until they form a flour. Add remaining ingredients and continue to process until thoroughly mixed.

1½ teaspoons ground cinnamon

Remove dough and form a large ball. Shape small pieces into balls and roll them in extra oat flour, if needed, and place on cookie sheet. As though you are making old-fashioned peanut butter cookies, gently flatten each ball.

Alternative ingredients include hemp flour or quinoa flour, which can replace the whole nut flours. If you would like to make this recipe more sweet than savory, simple add ¼ cup local honey, and you will have a healthy treat your whole family can share.

Place cookie sheet in a cold oven, and turn on to 325°F, using the convection setting if available. When the oven reaches temperature, turn down to 175°F, and leave for 1½ hours. Turn the oven off and allow the biscuits to cool completely before storing in an airtight container or Ziploc bag.

1 cup Brazil nuts 2 cups whole oat flour

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


Almonds and Brazil nuts are gluten-free, rich in vitamin E — and support eye health.

Audi Donamor has been successfully creating special needs diets for companion animals for two decades. She founded the University of Guelph’s Smiling Blue Skies® Cancer Fund and Smiling Blue Skies® Fund for Innovative Research. She is the recipient of a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, and received the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, for her work in cancer, from the University of Guelph/Ontario Veterinary College. The Smiling Blue Skies Cancer Fund is the recipient of the “Pets + Us” Community Outreach Champion Award.

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BY NADIA ALI

with

ANN BRIGHTMAN

play dates

Perfect doggy Are doggy play dates fun? Absolutely! And bringing a few pooches together on a regular basis in a controlled setting has benefits too! Play dates ensure optimal physical health through established play and exercise, while giving the dogs an opportunity to socialize.

Forming a doggy playgroup may sound as simple as finding a group of like-minded folks with dogs, but there are some things to keep in mind.

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9 Tips

FOR SAFE AND SUCCESSFUL PLAY DATES

1 Does your dog interact with unfamiliar dogs in a friendly and confident way? If he’s more of a loner who doesn’t get on that well with other pooches, a playgroup may not be for him.

2

A playgroup can consist of a small group of friends, neighbours or family members who also have dogs. If you don’t want to start your own group, and would rather join an existing one, check at your vet’s office, grooming salon or pet supply store to see if they have any contacts.

An informal doggy playgroup shouldn’t include more than a few dogs. It could range from just two to around half a dozen dogs.

While play dates may take part in someone’s backyard after the dogs have become firm friends, it’s best to meet in a neutral spot, such as a park, when starting out. Either way, choose a safe setting away from traffic, and one that’s ideally fenced in.

4

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5

Consider your dog’s play style. Not all dogs enjoy rough-housing, for example, so it’s important that the dogs in the group enjoy similar types of activity. A dog who prefers to chase, for example, may feel bullied or threatened if matched with a dog who likes to wrestle.

6 7

58

Also consider your dog’s breed and size. Different breeds have different play styles and levels of stamina, so it’s important that there are at least one or two dogs in the group who can play safely with your own canine, whether he’s a Dachshund or a Great Pyrenees.

Further to the above point, you may be able to find a breed-specific doggy playgroup, depending on where you live. One doggy parent says he takes his Yorkie to meetups with fellow Yorkies, so socialization takes place between the same breed and size of dog; because the owners of the dogs are familiar with the behaviour of the breed, they are able to identify unwanted conduct.

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


8 Be sure your dog is well-trained, and will obey your “commands” in a group situation. A solid, positively-trained “recall” means you can quickly call your dog back from any potentially uncomfortable encounter.

Play dates maintain

canine socialization skills

“Socialization is important to the overall well-being of your dog because it will provide him with the ability to develop skills to cope with new experiences in a positive way, therefore reducing his stress,” states the Association of Professional Dog Trainers.

9

Always supervise the dogs during a play date. Watching your pooch play is as important as the play itself, as it could prevent an aggressive situation from occurring. Harmless canine play has a different look to fighting “play”. Dog expert sources state that if the dog has a closed mouth, is emitting a low-toned growl, exhibits flat ears and a stiff body with quick movements, as opposed to bouncy and playful, the chances are that playtime is over and a fight may ensure. Recall your dog to defuse the situation.

Play dates aren’t just for puppies, but for dogs of all ages. Our canine companions are naturally active and social animals, so fostering these connections with a playgroup that meets on a regular basis is a wonderful way to keep them healthy and happy.

In her book The Other End of the Leash, Dr. Patricia McConnell, PhD, a Certified Applied Animal Behaviourist, adds that during adolescence dogs become a bit more wary of unfamiliar people and animals, and will react with shyness. She refers to this as “juvenile-onset shyness” and recommends continued socialization as a way to combat it. Forming or joining a doggy playgroup, and taking your dog to regular play dates, can help maintain these important socialization skills.

Nadia Ali is a freelance writer who enjoys writing about all things dog-related.

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THE DIRT ON

doggy dental care BY NANCY SCANLAN, DVM

Some dogs are lucky enough to have almost no dental disease. Others, especially small ones, seem to be plagued by it. The more you do to prevent tooth and gum problems, including the use of dental health-supportive nutrients, the better off your dog’s oral and overall wellness will be.

Dental disease can cause pain and interfere with your dog’s ability to chew. But did you know it can also affect the rest of his body? Periodontal disease is a source of chronic inflammation, which in turn is associated with illnesses such as arthritis and cancer. It is also a constant source of infection, and can even infect the valves of the heart. It is easier and cheaper to prevent dental disease than to fight it once your dog’s teeth are compromised. The best way to do this is to know what’s going on in his mouth. The canine mouth differs in some ways from human mouths, but the end result of inadequate dental care is similar. While human saliva tends to be acidic — which means it eats away at teeth and contributes to cavities — canine mouths are usually neutral or alkaline. In dogs, alkaline mouths contribute to a faster buildup of plaque (the soft stuff) and tartar (the hard stuff)

than in humans. The bacteria that live in plaque and tartar contribute to gum disease. If there is enough plaque and tartar, they can change the mouth from alkaline to acidic; this means the dog’s mouth can experience the worst of both worlds, going from too alkaline to too acidic. The hundreds of strains of bacteria in your dog’s mouth are mostly different from the bacteria in your own mouth. Bad bacteria in the mouth multiply especially fast when food remnants build up and create soft tartar. Starchy foods that stick to the teeth are a big problem, but any soft food that stays around the teeth is bad news. The bacteria that grow in those remnants produce a film that protects them from the immune system. Bacteria change as plaque or tartar buildup gets worse. Acid-producing bacteria increase in number at the gum line. Acid can dissolve calcium compounds, which isn’t good considering teeth are dense with calcium. The acid can eat away at the teeth, especially at their bases. You can’t make your dog’s mouth sterile, but you can control plaque and tartar buildup by: • Decreasing the amount of food remnants in the dog’s mouth • Changing his mouth from acid or alkaline to neutral • Decreasing the number of bad bacteria • Decreasing inflammation • Dissolving the film generated by the bacteria.

Continued on page 62.

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Must-have dental care tools for dogs BY EMILY WATSON

Your dog needs some form of dental care every day. Here’s a handful of dental care tools and products that will ease the task for both of you. TOOTHBRUSHES AND TOOTHPASTES This option might seem rather traditional, but a basic toothbrush is a must-have. Your own toothbrush won’t cut it, and your human-formulated toothpaste may contain ingredients that can harm your pup, so look for products designed specifically for dogs. Ideally, you want to find a natural doggy toothpaste that contains safe, active ingredients that work to break down bacteria. Avoid surfactants (foaming agents), xylitol (a sweetening agent) and alcohol, which are all toxic to dogs. When seeking a toothbrush, size is the most important consideration. Find one that will fit comfortably in your dog’s mouth, and make sure the handle is easy for you to hold onto. Looking for something a little more modern? Many advancements have been made in the world of doggy dental health, and that includes a few upgrades to the classic toothbrush. Finger brushes, for instance, are designed to slide onto your finger so you can access those hard-to-reach areas.

WATER ADDITIVES No matter how hard you try, some dogs can’t be trained to accept brushing. Until recently, the only alternative was to call on an expert for help. But now, there are numerous products available that clean your dog’s teeth and gums — with no brushing required! Water additives are among these inventive solutions. Like human mouthwash, a good water additive should taste and smell good. Of course, it goes without saying that it shouldn’t contain any toxic ingredients.

GELS AND SPRAYS Similar to water additives, dental gels and sprays are formulated to soften plaque and tartar, and freshen breath. They’re also a great tool when it comes to prevention, as the active ingredients kill bacteria and work under the gum line to stop buildup. The beauty of these products is that they’re extremely easy to administer, because they don’t have to be applied directly to the teeth and gums in order to work. Simply spray into your dog’s mouth, and the active ingredients will disperse in his salvia, coating all the nooks and crannies. Again, the key is to find a natural product.

DENTAL TOYS — ARE THEY EFFECTIVE? These days, many people are opting to care for their dogs’ pearly whites by tossing them “dental toys”. This method of oral care certainly isn’t ineffective, but it’s also not entirely sufficient. Instead, use toys as a way to complement an established dental care routine. They’re a wonderful — and enjoyable — way for your dog to keep on top of his own dental hygiene, and the right toy can even strengthen his teeth and gums while scraping away loose debris that can lead to plaque buildup. Look for high quality ropes and rubber chews that are the appropriate size and durability for your pooch.

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DIY doggy toothpaste 2 tablespoons organic coconut oil 2 tablespoons baking soda 5 drops peppermint essential oil* *When using essential oils, it’s vital to buy only high quality, food grade therapeutic products! Cheap oils can be adulterated or even toxic if ingested.

Continued from page 60.

Nutrients that can be used to help fight dental disease Antioxidants offer helpful antiinflammatory action. They work best internally, not topically. Two of the best are vitamins E and C. Make sure you give your dog the type of C that also has bioflavonoids. Rose hips are a good source of both vitamin C and bioflavonoids. When it comes to vitamin E, 50 IU per day is plenty for a small dog. Vitamin C works better when used twice a day — 125 mg twice a day works well for that same small dog. These vitamins work best when both are given, not just one or the other.

1

Zinc is especially important for strong gums, and it can inhibit plaque — 0.5 mg per day is enough for a small dog, or 50 mg for a really big guy.

2

Vitamin A is also important for healthy gums. Too much can cause problems, though, so it is often easiest to give your dog a food that’s high in A or beta carotene. Liver and fish oil have vitamin A, and carrots have a lot of beta carotene.

3

Fish oil itself can help with gum disease. It’s not just the vitamin A, but the two Omega-3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA — just 300 mg per day for a 4.5 kg dog is helpful for this and many other things, especially arthritis and cancer.

4

5 6

Folic acid can also help with gingivitis, at 200 mcg per day for a 4.5 kg dog.

Bromelain and papain are two protein-dissolving enzymes that work to weaken the protective film in the plaque. Bromelain is found in pineapple juice. Papain comes from the papaya. Proteolytic enzyme capsules work best if applied right where they are needed — in the mouth. Open a capsule (not entericcoated), mix the contents with water, and squirt it into your dog’s mouth on the areas you most commonly see plaque.

Veterinarian Dr. Nancy Scanlan is Executive Director for the AHVM Foundation, a board member of the World Association of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, and a consultant on the Veterinary Information Network. She has been using complementary health therapies in her veterinary practice since 1970, including nutraceuticals, acupuncture, nonclassical homeopathy, and Chinese and Western herbs. Dr. Scanlan was Executive Director of the AHVMA for three years and president of the VBMA for two years. 62

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TOP Guinness World

record-“Barkers” BY DANA COX

Yes, all dogs are amazing. But some canines really knock it out of the dog park! We’re talking about those four-footed fur-friends who top the charts in everything from size to special talents. Check out a few of the world’s most interesting and impressive canines. They’re “bone-a-fide” record-holders by Guinness World Records.

Tallest Dog Ever Record holder: Zeus, Great Dane Height: 1.118 m (44”) Otsego, MI — October 4, 2011 Zeus, a Great Dane, holds the record for the tallest dog ever. The lofty canine measured a “skyscraping” 1.118 m (44”) tall on October 4, 2011. When standing, he reached 2.23 m (7’4”)! Clearly, counter surfing was no problem for this gentle giant! His “mom”, Denise Doorlag, says Zeus weighed in at 70.30 kg (155 lb) and ate approximately 13.6 kg (30 lb) of food every two weeks. True to his breed, Zeus had a very laid-back personality and got along well with humans and other animals. In fact, Zeus was a certified therapy dog who enjoyed visiting hospital patients. Sadly, Zeus passed away in 2014, but he still holds the record for tallest dog ever. Due to his impressive height, Zeus could drink straight from the tap.

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


Fastest 30 m on a scooter by a dog Record holder: Norman Time: 20.77 seconds Marietta, GA — July, 2013 When professional dog trainer Karen Cobb brought home Norman, a Briard, little did she know her new best friend would set two Guinness World Records titles — “Fastest 30 m on a scooter by a dog” and “Fastest 30 m on a bicycle by a dog”. Karen knew Norman was special right away. “We started introducing him to many of the kids’ toys in the backyard, so he would not be fearful. The scooter was one of them and he just loved it! Karen uses positive reinforcement with Norman. “Training forms such a strong bond between you and your pet.”

Norman is game to try almost anything, says his furmom, Karen. “Norman basically thought he was one of the kids — whatever they did, he wanted to try.”

In addition to scootering and cycling, Norman can surf, longboard, jump rope, play basketball and even participate in dog sports. He achieved the highest level rally title — the RACH — in the summer of 2019.

Affectionately known as Mo, this record-breaking St. Bernard puts on quite the show when she eats peanut butter!

Longest tongue on a dog Record holder: Mochi Tongue length: 18.58 cm (7.31”) Sioux Falls, SD — August 25, 2016 Imagine the dog kisses! The longest tongue on a dog belongs to Mochi, a female St. Bernard. Her tongue measures an incredible 18.58 cm (7.31”). Mochi was rescued by Carla and Craig Rickert when she was two years old. “We love her unconditionally despite that crazy, long tongue that causes people to stare and laugh,” said Carla.

Caption

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Most tricks performed by a dog in one minute Record holder: Hero, The Super Collie, with Sara Carson Number of tricks: 49 Palmdale, CA — February 18, 2018 You may have seen this famous Canadian canine with her trainer and favourite person, Sara Carson, on the 12th season of America's Got Talent. The dynamic duo placed an impressive 5th overall after showcasing some serious energy and talent on stage. Sara and Hero have been working together since the Super Collie was four months old. Hero’s hundreds of tricks include walking on his front legs, dancing, spinning, and even landing on Sara’s back.

Hero loves to perform and has travelled the globe with Sara. Their performances were crowd favourites at America's Got Talent.

Most skips by a dog and person in one minute Record holder: Jessica, with Rachael Grylls Number of jumps: 59 Lewdown, UK — December 1, 2016 Jessica, a Jack Russell Terrier, loves to jump and it shows! She and her human partner, Rachael Grylls, skipped 59 times in one minute. That’s almost one jump per second!

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When she’s not breaking records, Jessica lives on Rachael’s farm. “She’s a bit of a princess,” says Rachael. “She doesn’t like the wet and cold.”


Highest jump by a dog Record holder: Feather Jump height: 191.7 cm (75.5”) Frederick, MD — September 14, 2017 How high can you go?! Feather, a Greyhound rescued and trained by Samantha Valle, makes it look easy. She started off jumping 54” obstacles and progressed until she set the current record of clearing 191.7 cm (75.5”) in 2017. Impressive!

Dog coach Samantha says she knew Feather was special right away. She adds that the key to training success is responding to each animal’s needs, as well as patience and consistency.

For more record holders, visit GuinnessWorldRecords.com.

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IF YOUR DOG IS IN PAIN BY VARSHA BANG

Your dog can’t talk so how do you know if she’s in discomfort or pain? Understanding a little about canine body language and behaviour can help!

NO ONE LIKES TO SEE A DOG IN PAIN. Whether our dogs have aching joints or are undergoing an uncomfortable procedure at the vet’s office, we feel their discomfort as if they’re an extension of ourselves. But sometimes, a dog’s pain isn’t immediately obvious to us. Let’s take a look at six common signs: SIGN #1

LACK OF APPETITE

For many dogs, food is the most exciting thing in the world. So when they all of a sudden seem uninterested at dinnertime, or don’t eat as much as usual, it could be a sign that something isn’t right. Any form of pain could result in decreased appetite. If the dog’s limbs are painful, he might not want to get up and walk to the food bowl. Dental disease can make it painful and difficult for the dog to eat, while an upset stomach or nausea will affect his appetite. Any decrease in your dog’s appetite warrants a trip to the vet for a check-up. SIGN #2

68

AGGRESSION

If you’ve ever tried to help an injured dog, you may have experienced first-hand that aggression can sometimes be a response to

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020

pain. Hiding, grumpiness, growling or any other change in a dog’s usual disposition can be cause for concern. “If the dog thinks you are going to touch him where it hurts, he may react defensively,” says veterinarian Dr Karen Davies. “It’s important to know that no one disease or pain reaction will make a dog more likely to snap than another. Pain is pain and the dog’s ability to tolerate it is an individual thing.” SIGN #3

RELUCTANCE TO EXERCISE

Does your dog go crazy with excitement when she gets to chase her ball? Does she accompany you for a jog each day? If so, you’ll probably be quick to deduce that all is not well when she suddenly seems disinterested in exercise, becomes lethargic or is simply unable to move as freely as usual. A lack of energy is a fairly obvious indicator that something’s wrong, and that your dog could be in some


Recognizing signs of pain can be tricky Dogs are very good at concealing pain, especially chronic discomfort. The signs a dog does show will vary with the location and source of the pain. For example, your pooch may not go upstairs in bounding leaps anymore, but rather one step at a time.

kind of pain or discomfort. Once again, any unexpected reluctance to get active should be investigated by your vet. SIGN #4

BREATHING CHANGES

The way your dog breathes is something you may never pay any attention to until it changes. Of course, you’d expect him to be sucking in big breaths after a sprint or extended period of exercise, but if breathing doesn’t return to normal fairly soon, there could be cause for concern. Any shift in breathing rate, depth or rhythm that doesn’t return to normal reasonably quickly is a red flag, along with any change in how it sounds. Changes in breathing can be associated with pain as well as lung or heart disease. SIGN #5

his body, it’s a sign that something’s bothering him and requires medical attention. This is especially the case if the skin or hair is becoming discoloured from over-grooming. While excessive grooming can be a behavioural issue, it can also signify skin disease, an injury, or a joint problem such as arthritis.

VOCALIZATION

While it’s true that dogs can’t verbally tell us they are in pain, they can still use a range of sounds to communicate how they are feeling. “Some will whimper, others will pant and the odd dog will scream or howl,” Dr Karen says. If your dog displays this type of reaction when touched in a specific area, or when using a certain part of his body, it can be a sign of pain. “If he cries trying to get up on the couch, it could be an indication of spinal, limb or abdominal pain, as these are the areas being stretched out. Alternatively, an animal with high blood pressure or a brain tumour feels the pain in his head, and it may be exacerbated by noise or bright lights, or even the sudden movement of other things around him.” SIGN #6

Once you know your dog, you should be able to realize when his behaviour is completely out of character. “Any behaviour that is out of the ordinary should be considered, and veterinary attention sought, particularly if the changes, however mild, last more than a day,” says Dr. Karen.

EXCESSIVE GROOMING

Have you noticed your dog paying particular attention to grooming a specific part of his body, such as a paw or joint? It could be his way of massaging a painful area. Excessive grooming may particularly be an issue with joint pain; licking the area helps relieve the discomfort, and is similar to how we might rub a sore knee or elbow. If your dog is constantly licking one part of

There are plenty of clues to look for that might indicate your dog is not feeling his best. Even if the signs are subtle, it’s wise to make an appointment with the vet and have your dog checked over. Chances are, the problem will turn out to be minor and will be easy to treat; either way, you’ll be taking steps to alleviate your best friend’s discomfort, and that’s the most important thing.

Varsha Bang is a freelance writer and dog lover. She shares her home with two canine companions.

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Dogs BY ADA MCVEAN

to the Rescue!

DEPRESSION

When we think of dogs-with-jobs our minds tend to go straight to police, search and rescue, drug-sniffing and guide dogs. But therapy dogs are the unsung heroes of the working dog world! These four-legged therapists undergo detailed training to help comfort, support and encourage people suffering from a variety of mental illnesses. They work in all kinds of conditions – from hospitals to group homes – to bring their special brand of assistance to those who need it most. Let’s take a closer look at how these four-legged heroes are helping humans.

D

epression rates across the world are climbing, as are, accordingly, prescription rates of antidepressants. Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) represents a powerful, nonmedicinal alternative or complement to drugs that can help improve and manage depressive symptoms. In one study published in the scientific journal Anthrozoös, two groups of participants were asked to write essays about their traumatic experiences. One group did so with a therapy dog present, the other without. Researchers found that while both groups produced essays equally negative in content and tone, the group with the therapy dog present showed significant decreases in depressive symptoms afterwards. This study indicates that not only do therapy dogs provide comfort to humans, but they can also help us process difficult emotions while keeping us grounded.

Many studies have confirmed the ability of therapy dogs to reduce

depression in all kinds of settings, from nursing homes to schools, and

hospitals to inpatient clinics. It’s not as simple as dogs making people happy, although they certainly do! Animal-assisted therapy also helps patients

improve their emotional regulation, general well-being, and motivation. This could lead someone suffering from depression to seek further treatment or engage in other activities that will alleviate their symptoms.

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According to the Mayo Clinic, studies show that “people who are physically active are less likely to experience a decline in their mental function, have a lowered risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, and possibly have improved thinking among people with vascular cognitive impairment.” Regular walking, hiking, playing with, caring for and grooming a dog could provide both the mental and physical stimulation that would aid in disease prevention. Indeed, studies show that, in addition to lowered blood pressure, reduced cholesterol levels, and higher self-esteem, dog ownership is associated with increased physical activity. Studies also show that dogs help decrease the stress hormone, cortisol, and boost levels of the happy hormone, serotonin. Since individuals with Alzheimer’s or dementia often experience stress, AAT can also help mitigate this issue as well. For those experiencing the mental decline associated with Alzheimer’s and dementia, and who are still living on their own, trained service dogs can prove invaluable. They can be taught to protect the safety of their humans, by making sure doors are locked and stoves are off, and can get help should an accident occur that requires Animal-assisted therapy medical attention.

is well suited for nursing

Even patients experiencing the advanced stages of degenerative neurological diseases can benefit from therapy animals. Studies show decreased depression, aggression and agitation and increased rates of social interactions and physical activity in nursing home residents who attended animal-assisted therapy. Interactions with therapy dogs can even slow the progression of their neuropsychiatric symptoms, and increase patients’ nutrition levels by decreasing their mental distress, allowing them to resume regular eating patterns.

home residents with dementia because it

provides social interaction that’s not dependent on the resident’s level of

ALZHEIMER’S AND DEMENTIA

W

hile Alzheimer’s, dementia and other degenerative neurological disorders don’t have cures, they can be both prevented and treated, and therapy dogs can help!

cognitive functioning. In other words, a dog will

provide companionship

regardless of a resident’s state of awareness.

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PTSD IN MILITARY PERSONNEL

V

eterans returning from combat with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder often struggle to find programs or treatments that alleviate their stress. Fortunately, several programs now exist to help match traumatized soldiers with psychiatric service dogs. According to research, therapy dogs can help reduce PTSD symptoms such as flashbacks, depression, anxiety and anger in combat veterans. In fact, when directly compared, studies show that animal-assisted therapy is much more effective for veterans with PTSD than traditional therapy methods such as talk therapy or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), with animal-based methods better at For ex-military personnel in reducing symptoms across the board even particular, therapy animals may after relatively short interactions.

offer an excellent option to an

Trained animals can also help veterans deal with physical symptoms or disabilities that may have occurred during their service. For veterans lacking other forms of social support, therapy dogs can help them feel more connected to the world and help “nudge them back to reality�, as one researcher explained. For those experiencing both combat and non-combat related forms of PTSD, the unconditional friendship offered by therapy dogs helps rebuild trust with others. Continued on page 74. 72

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audience otherwise traditionally resistant to seeking help for mental health issues. One

study published in Psychiatric

Annals even suggested that the nurturing and caring involved

in training and interacting with

a young service dog could help normalize neurophysiological systems known to be

dysregulated in PTSD.


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While some schools are embracing the roles of therapy dogs on campus, especially during stressful exam periods, students around the world could benefit from

interacting with animals when they’re anxious. Therapy animals may even have the potential to replace less healthy means of coping with stress and anxiety.

ANXIETY

Continued from page 72.

A

nxiety can simplistically be divided into two different types: state anxiety, or anxiousness related to a particular event or situation; and trait anxiety, or anxiousness that is continuous and unrelated to a particular thing. While animal-assisted therapy can help with both kinds, it can be particularly useful for individuals experiencing state anxiety. In studies, therapy dogs can significantly reduce the anxiety felt by hospitalized patients of all ages, as well as students with emotion regulation disorders in classroom settings. One study by researchers at the University of Queensland looked at helping calm children with either therapy dogs or toys, and found the dogs much more effective at reducing anxiety and improving positive behaviours such as smiling, laughing and interacting with others. Therapy animals may help reduce the distress felt by those who undergo frequent medical procedures, especially children, and even decrease the amounts of medication needed to help them deal with anxiety and pain. While therapy animals shine when helping with state anxiety, they can be quite useful for those experiencing trait anxiety too. Studies have shown significant reductions in depression levels among long-term care residents who receive canine visitors. And employees who are allowed to bring their dogs to work with them perceive their days as significantly less stressful than when they’re forced to leave their furry friends at home.

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PTSD IN SURVIVORS

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hile trust is essential to any patient-healthcare provider relationship, it is especially crucial for survivors of abuse or assault. This is made more complicated since individuals suffering from PTSD due to the traumatic events they’ve experienced often have serious trust issues. That’s where therapy dogs come in. These four-legged professionals can help rebuild a patient’s ability to trust, since a dog’s unconditional love provides a safe, reliable and secure relationship that fosters confidence. Childhood sexual assault survivors may have a particularly difficult time engaging openly and honestly with adult humans but may react well to animal-based therapies, Many therapeutic methods since they are able to focus on the dog for dealing with sexual assault rather than the therapist.

involve prolonged discussions of the events, which can be

quite difficult for the patient. In these cases, therapy

dogs can prove an excellent resource to accompany

these therapies, as they

can ameliorate the physical and emotional symptoms

associated with reliving the traumatic events, but still

allow the analyses necessary for healing.

Studies examining the efficacy of animalassisted therapies have found them quite successful. One 2016 study in the Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work noted an 82% reduction in symptoms, while another found that therapy dogs helped significantly decrease patients’ depression, anger, anxiety and physiologic markers of distress. While animal-assisted therapies aren’t the right fit for all survivors, they can be a particularly powerful tool for those who have tried other therapeutic methods without success.

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Much of the research on how animal-based therapy affects patients with schizophrenia shows that weekly engagement with dogs can encourage mobility, interpersonal communication, impulse control and general

SCHIZOPHRENIA

improvements in mental health.

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S

chizophrenia is a very complex mood disorder characterized by a number of symptoms, including delusions or hallucinations, reduced social engagement, anxiety, depression, and lack of motivation. Those who suffer from it often have trouble finding joy in pleasurable activities. Treatment options that incorporate animals can be especially useful for patients as a complement to other forms of therapy, as studies have shown that including animals in meetings increases attendance rates and participation levels. While those with schizophrenia often have difficulty with self-motivation, a positive interaction with an animal can serve both as a reward for attending and engaging in therapy, as well as motivation to attend and engage again. In one 2001 study examining 20 elderly patients with schizophrenia living in a care home, those who interacted with therapy dogs showed improvements in daily living activities, such as bathing, grooming, cleaning and eating, after one year of engaging with the animals. The researchers noted that the dogs served as a model of sorts, with the importance of their care and individual needs highlighted to patients. This demonstrates how the non-judgemental, patient and neutral natures of dogs can help patients deal with not only their emotional needs but their physical ones as well.

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n many ways, those seeking treatment for substance abuse disorders can benefit from animal-assisted therapy in the same ways as those seeking treatment for other mental health issues. Studies have shown that incorporating dogs into therapy sessions, whether individual or group, can provide participants with a neutral external focus, rather than their own fears, anxieties or problems. Positive interactions with dogs – like petting or playing fetch – can bring comfort when dealing with difficult emotions, and help relieve anxiety.

In comparisons between group therapy sessions with and without a

therapy dog present, participants in the

dog group were more active and responsive towards counsellors

and other patients. In

general, therapy animals help patients be more

communicative, relaxed, positive and open.

The benefits of a therapy dog’s presence aren’t limited to mental effects. In 2013, South African researchers found that after interacting with a dog, participants displayed lowered blood pressure, heart rates and stress levels. They also reported a higher sense of well-being.

ADDICTION

I

Many people with a substance abuse disorder talk about how animals anchor them to reality and serve as a motivating factor in wanting to work through the disorder. While improving their relationships with family or bettering their lives may be the ultimate objectives, distinct and practical responsibilities like having to feed, water and care for a dog can motivate an individual to continue managing the substance use, and garner positive feedback for doing so. Therapy dogs can be especially useful for inpatient programs and group therapy sessions, where they can mediate interactions between patients by helping diffuse tense or anger-infused situations, as well as provide a shared area of interest to bond over.

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SUPPORT FOR MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS

5

Several studies have shown that as few as five minutes spent interacting

45

with a dog are enough to significantly reduce cortisol (a hormone

produced in response to stress) levels in a healthcare professional’s

blood and saliva, and that the stress-reducing effects continue for as long as 45 minutes after the interaction.

O

ne of the biggest challenges facing medical professionals, including counsellors, doctors, nurses and veterinarians, is burnout. While an unmeasurable number of things contribute to the stress, anxiety and depression experienced by medical professionals, some major factors include long and irregular hours, the high stakes of their performance, and the high pressure nature of their careers. Many healthcare providers facing mental health challenges have relatively few options for help. But the integration of therapy dogs into healthcare settings may offer one solution. While studies have not generally focused on investigating the effects of animal therapy on medical professionals, several have noted how the positive effects seen in patients receiving animal therapy extend to the counsellors, nurses or researchers facilitating the study. One researcher noted in a paper from the Journal of Addictions Nursing how her own stress levels diminished with the addition of dogs to group therapy sessions. She stated that she felt less physically exhausted after each session and that, while her patients described more personal, difficult and sad experiences when a dog was present, the tones in which they were described were more hopeful than usual, which lessened her own distress. The potential benefits to both patients and healthcare providers could help offset the time and money costs associated with setting up animal therapy in healthcare facilities. Having trained dogs available to support both medical professionals and their patients could help combat the rising rates of burnout and create a better experience for everyone involved in the medical system.

Ada McVean has a BSc from McGill University, and is working on a MSc in nucleotide chemistry. She has been writing for the McGill Office for Science and Society since 2016 and spends her spare time cleaning up after her guinea pigs and gecko.

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BY TONYA WILHELM

TRAIN YOUR DOG TO POSE FOR PHOTOS LIKE A PRO — IN 5 EASY STEPS! If your dog looks the other way or walks out of shot when you try to photograph him, you’re not alone. Follow these 5 steps and you’ll soon be photographing him like a pro!

We all love photographing our dogs but capturing that perfect moment can prove a challenge. So how can you coax more cooperation from your canine? Try these five training tips for the ultimate “pooch poses”.

1. TRAIN YOUR DOG TO DO A RELIABLE STAY For the best photos, you'll want your dog to stay in place without wiggling around. • Start with him in a sitting position and give him a treat every second for five seconds. Then tell him “okay” and encourage him to get up. “Okay” will teach him he's to stay put until he hears you say it. • Next, ask your dog to sit again and increase the time before giving him a treat. Instead

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of a treat every second, give him one every two seconds. Again, after five treats, tell him “okay” to release him from his stay. Continue this process until your dog has a nice reliable five-second stay. • Now, it's time to add your stay cue. Ask him to “stay” and go through your training process as before. If he's having trouble staying in place, decrease the treating time again to find his success point, and rebuild from there.

Using a flash can cause harsh lighting, red eyes and dark shadows. Even more importantly, your dog will likely shy away from those bright bursts of light. Instead, go outdoors to an area with few distractions, or choose a room with large windows and good lighting. If you are really stuck, consider purchasing a small photography light to brighten the area.

• After your dog has mastered a one-minute sit stay, it's time to teach him to stay even when you move away. This can be very difficult for most dogs in the beginning, so baby steps are important. Start with your dog in a sitting position. Give him his stay cue, take one small step back, then return to your dog and give him a treat. Repeat this five times, giving your dog a treat after every step away and return. After your five sets, say “okay” to release him. • Continue your distance training by adding one step at a time and doing five reps. For example, take two steps back, return to your dog, treat and repeat. Do five sets at each level before adding an additional step. Remember, if at any time your dog is not successful, go back to taking fewer steps.

2. TEACH HIM A “LOOK” BEHAVIOUR In the canine world, direct eye contact can be a threat. To help your dog enjoy eye contact, keep your face relaxed, casual and happy. • Place a treat to your dog’s nose, and slowly move the treat to between your eyes. As soon as he looks at the treat and your eyes, say “yes” and give him the treat. The “yes” tells your dog he did the correct thing and his reward is coming. Repeat this split-second eye contact lesson five times for five treats. • If your dog is successful and doesn’t look away, increase the time by one second by placing a treat to your dog’s nose, slowly moving it from his nose to yours, count to two, say “yes” and treat. Repeat this two-second process for five more sets.

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If he’s successful, continue to add one second and do five reps each time.

• Continue this process with other objects such as a flat pillow, box, step, etc. Just ensure the object is sturdy.

• When your dog achieves a nice five-second look, it’s time to name the behaviour. Say “look” and repeat the fivesecond training process. Continue to build on this behaviour until your dog can look without turning away for 15 seconds.

• Once he's happily stepping up on objects, practice his stay on them. You are so close to some stunning photos of your dog!

3. TEACH YOUR DOG “TWO PAWS UP” One way to capture cute photos is to teach your dog to place his front feet on a slightly raised object. Combine this with his stay, and you can stage amazing photos. • Find a secure and low object such as a large book, and grab a few treats. Set the book in front of you and call your dog over. • Place the treat to your dog's nose and start to lure his head over the book as you slightly move backwards. As your dog moves his front feet towards or onto the book, say “yes” and treat. • Continue this process until he is easily placing his front feet on the book. When he gets to this point, say “up”, right before you lure him onto the book.

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4. TARGET YOUR DOG’S EYES When positioning yourself, your dog, the background and camera, think of your dog's eyes. You want your camera to be at his eye level. To help encourage him to look at the camera, look over the camera instead of through the lens. This will be comforting to your dog, and you can practice his “look” behaviour at the same time. You can also hold a treat just below the camera lens to get his eyes right on target. Just be careful not to get the treat in the lens!

5.KEEP PHOTO SESSIONS SHORT The best way to get the right photo is to keep your photo sessions short and sweet. Maybe five to ten minutes. Take your dog’s cue. If he seems to be getting restless, stop and play a game of ball. Like children, dogs get tired of posing, sitting still, and being asked to do “silly” things. Take your time and be patient.


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TIPS ON PREVENTING DOG BITES BY COLLEEN ARCHER

As pet parents, we have a responsibility to protect both our dogs and the people they encounter. Seems easy enough, right? Yet, according to a Globe and Mail article published in 2016 and updated in 2018, an estimated 500,000 dog bites occur each year in Canada. Most of these bites are inflicted by dogs belonging to the victim’s family and friends, and three-quarters of the victims are children under the age of ten. So what can we do to ensure our own dogs don’t become a statistic? The answer is simple — maximize your dog’s training and socialization time, and minimize the opportunities for him to get into trouble. Even the sweetest pup may nip if he feels scared and threatened. At the same time, we need to educate children, since they represent the majority of bite victims.

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While most children are drawn to dogs, their natural behaviours — running, yelling, grabbing, hitting, moving sporadically, and maintaining eye contact — put them at particular risk for dog bite injuries. The close proximity of a child’s face to a dog’s level also increases the likelihood that facial injuries will occur. And think of how many kids want to “hug” a dog as soon as they see him.

LISTENING TO THE DOG

Teaching a child to “be a tree” instead of running can help prevent injury from a dog chase.

Image courtesy of Kat Shaw

What children need to know about dog safety

Before petting a dog, it’s important to ask the handler and the dog. If the dog shows any signs of stress, such as looking away, lip licking, yawning or stepping back with a raised paw, we should listen to what he’s telling us and leave him alone. Jill uses giant photos to illustrate these signs of stress, and even the youngest children soon learn to recognize them.

Most dogs will exhibit warning signals to communicate their discomfort, but children often miss them. Fortunately, many programs now exist to educate children about dog safety. Retired elementary school teacher and professional dog trainer, Jill Kolar, co-founder of the Champlain Dog Club in Petawawa, Ontario, often puts on dog safety presentations to show children the safest way to act around dogs. One exercise focuses on teaching children how to “be a tree”, which means standing still if a strange dog approaches, or if any dog is acting in a threatening way or is too frisky. The children learn to “root” themselves with feet slightly apart for balance, look down, fold in their “branches” or arms, and stand very still as a way of defusing the situation. Running and squealing only arouses the dog’s chase instinct and leads to trouble. The children also learn the proper way to greet a dog. With a parent’s permission, they should ask the owner, “May I pet your dog?” If the answer is yes, they should let the dog sniff a lowered hand that has been curled into a fist. They can then pet the dog gently on the side of the neck or on the chest, since patting the top of the head can seem intimidating to a dog.

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Seniors and dogs

DOG WALKING ETIQUETTE Dog safety includes keeping not only your own dog safe, but also the people and other dogs you encounter. You are your dog’s advocate, so don’t hesitate to speak up if someone’s actions might endanger him.

Dogs offer many benefits to senior citizens in the right circumstances. They provide companionship, and can help motivate them to exercise. But according to Jill, if a senior is becoming at all frail, it’s much safer for her to have a dog she can easily manage. Without foolproof training, a large breed dog can drag his “mom” over to check out any dog or human that catches his eye. It goes without saying that if a handler isn’t able to hold a dog back, the risk of a bite incident increases.

Here are some walking scenarios: If one dog is on a leash and the other isn’t… Don’t let your dog approach. Even if both are friendly, it’s an unequal meeting and not fair to the on-lead dog. If both dogs are on-leash… If you know your dog is okay with other dogs, ask permission from the other dog’s owner before approaching. Keep in mind that leashes add extra tension to any meeting, so approach with caution. If both dogs are off-leash... Your dog shouldn’t be off-leash unless his recall is excellent. Have him wait patiently while you ask the other owner’s permission for him to approach, as with the above scenario. Remember — some dogs don’t want their personal space invaded any more than some people do, so never assume a dog won’t bite!

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Dogs and delivery persons

Online shopping is great, and while booming sales keep the postal service and couriers busy, it also means your dog may come face-toface with strangers in his territory. The U.S. Postal Service says its carriers are incurring more bites than ever, and has joined a National Dog Bite Prevention Week coalition to remind the public that “any dog can bite”. Likewise, Canada Post has long been calling for dog owners to take more care controlling their pets. Fortunately, as a dog parent, you can easily manage this issue. Simply secure your dog in a separate room before opening the door to delivery people. Even friendly dogs may bite if they feel threatened by unknown intruders. If your dog spends a lot of time outdoors, never leave him unsupervised. If the mailman arrives when your dog is playing in the front yard, trouble could ensue.


A dog parent’s responsibilities

The Canada Safety Council offers a list of points to reduce the likelihood of your dog biting someone:

Socialize and train your dog. While it’s best to start while he’s a puppy, most dogs can be socialized to not be aggressive. Make sure only positive training methods are used. Don’t let your dog run loose, unless he’s in a safe, enclosed area such as a dog park. If he’s not good with other dogs or people, avoid parks and give him some off-leash time in your own fenced backyard instead. Avoid letting young children walk dogs they can’t control, and teach your kids basic “dog etiquette”. In particular, teasing, chasing and yelling should be discouraged. A dog that is eating or sleeping should be left alone. When you meet children while out for a walk, be sure they approach your dog properly to ensure their safety. Choose your dog carefully. Select one that has been bred to be a nonaggressive family dog.

Never leave babies or young children alone with a dog. Children should be taught to never hug a dog. Many dogs tolerate such behaviours but others don’t. While the internet abounds with pictures of young children hugging dogs, it’s usually easy to tell when the dogs aren’t comfortable with this type of affection. The next time you see one of these pictures, study the dog’s body language carefully. If the whites of his eyes are showing, for example, or his ears are pinned back, it means he’s not happy. When it comes to dogs, the key word to remember is RESPECT. Showing respect for dogs (including yours) as well as other pet parents will go a long way toward preventing dog bites. Colleen Rutherford Archer has been working with dogs for over half a century, including two utility level obedience dogs, a guide dog in training, a Therapeutic Paws of Canada therapy dog, and many demo dogs. Her specialty is equine trick training. Colleen has published hundreds of articles in magazines and newspapers, and is the author of seven young adult novels about horses and dogs.

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HENRY Between his job as a search and rescue dog in the mountains of Whistler, BC, and his role in the recent IMAX film, Superpower Dogs, Henry is a busy pup. Luckily, he wouldn’t have it any other way!

BY EMILY WATSON

Photos courtesy of @2019 Cosmic Picture Limited

THE AVALANCHE RESCUE DOG

Henry at the narration session for Superpower Dogs. Although the story was told by Chris Evans, the production team required a few “barks” from Henry!

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in the film, and he did his country proud! But it’s off-camera in the snow-swept mountains where Henry really shines.

A HERO IN THE MAKING Born April 12, 2012 in Claremont, Ontario, Henry was hand selected by his breeder for Ian Bunbury, a senior dog trainer/ handler with the Canadian Avalanche Rescue Dog Association. Having worked with other Border Collies, Ian was looking for a pup who had the sociable, outgoing characteristics of the breed, but also one with an “off-switch”. “This is an important quality in the relationship I have with Henry,” says Ian. “He is ready to go whenever/wherever required, but during our downtime, he is happy to just hang out with me.” From early on, Ian began training Henry for search and rescue work. He compares the training process to a long “game” of hide and seek — one that starts with positive rewards for finding things. Longdistance walks, bushwhacking off trail, basic obedience behaviours and solid recall also played a large role in the process. Eventually, Henry was taught to indicate to Ian where objects/avalanche subjects were, even when they couldn’t be seen.

All dogs have their own special powers. Some are good at performing tricks,

others protect their families, and they all have an infinite supply of unconditional love. But it takes an extra special dog to save lives — a superpower dog, if you will. Henry the Border Collie is one such hero. Recently featured in the IMAX film, Superpower Dogs — an immersive visual story that highlights the extraordinary bravery of some of the world’s most remarkable dogs, Henry is one of Canada’s elite Search and Rescue/Avalanche Dogs. He was the only Canadian canine featured

“The connection between dog and handler is of utmost importance,” says Ian. “Whether searching an avalanche debris field, performing an obedience routine, operating in public or just messing around, the dog will learn that doing things together is the best.” The bond between Ian and Henry has taken them to great

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Photo courtesy of @2019 Cosmic Picture Limited

even imagine,” says Ian. “He has a very methodical, serious way about him when he is working that reflects his strong herding genetics.” Henry’s list of “accomplishments” is topped by the recovery of an avalanche victim (deceased) in the spring of 2017. Working independently after three hours, Henry indicated — and subsequently made contact with — the subject, who was buried almost a metre below the snow’s surface. Though the victim wasn’t found alive, Ian feels the incident strengthened their bond as a team, and made Henry an even better avalanche rescue dog.

HENRY LOVES HIS ONGOING TRAINING

heights — literally! All winter, Henry accompanies Ian to his job as a Ski Patroller on Whistler Mountain. Their role is to respond to Avalanche Search and Rescue calls, something that only 35 other dogs in Canada are trained to do. “His favourite part is the actual searching part, where he gets to lope out front, covering ground in a way we can’t

Now seven years old, Henry continues to build on his substantial skillset. “There is always some new situation to adapt to, some new twist to a behaviour he already knows,” says Ian. Their weekly training includes search and rescue practice, transportation by snowmobile, toboggan and chairlift, and having Henry ride on Ian’s shoulders. They also train annually in helicopter long line insertion and extrication. This might seem like a lot for one pup to handle, but Henry thrives on learning and keeping busy. In fact, in his “down” time, he helps Ian with avalanche awareness education demonstrations for young skiers and snowboarders. Of course, like all superheroes, Henry has his “kryptonite”. The moment Ian clips a leash onto Henry’s collar, the dog’s entire body sags. He’d much rather be working unconfined on the job, or engaging in essentially any off-leash outdoor sport with his handler. The two have had some interesting opportunities. “In the summer of 2014, Henry and I had a job herding Canada geese away from the grassy public areas in the municipal parks of Whistler,” says Ian. “As much fun as that was for a Border Collie, Henry went to a whole other level when he occasionally got to square up with the local black bears…still his favourite game by far. Close second: herding snowmobiles on the mountain.” Even at home, Henry is constantly ready and willing to go. He’s always eager to take on a new challenge, and happy to accompany Ian anywhere he goes. “It is said that ‘you get the dog that you deserve,’” says Ian. “Imagine how grateful I am!”

SEE HENRY IN ACTION IN SUPERPOWER DOGS, PLAYING IN SELECT IMAX AND GIANT SCREEN THEATRES THROUGHOUT CANADA. SUPERPOWERDOGS.COM

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Are pets good for your career?

78%

79%

attribute their success, in part, to growing up with a pet

believe that colleagues with pets are hard workers

850

A recent survey of working professionals indicates that the path to success is paved with pets! According to the survey, conducted by Kelton Research, a resounding of these successful executives grew up with an animal companion. They say that being around animals taught them valuable life lessons, including responsibility, empathy and creativity, which has helped them thrive in the workplace.

93%

62%

24%

said their childhood pets taught them more valuable lessons than their first internships

77% claimed they came up with a business idea while walking their dogs

Illustrations by Freepik.com

believe their animal buddies have a positive impact on their ability to build relationships with coworkers and clients

80%

of those surveyed said they feel more connected to colleagues with pets

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BY JASON GOLDSTEIN

Everybody enjoys lounging on the couch now and then, including our dogs! But if your sofa is white, and your dog is brown and hairy, you may want to curtail his couch napping. Here are a few tips to help you keep your companion off the furniture.

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1

Lay the ground rules

If your pup is affectionate and small enough that he won’t be a nuisance on the furniture, perhaps he’s destined to be a couch potato. If he’s large and rambunctious, on the other hand, it might be best to establish the sofa or other furniture as “off limits”. Make your decision early on, though, since it’s easier to teach a dog appropriate versus inappropriate behaviours when you first bring him home.

2

Some dogs may be a bit more insistent when it comes to using your furniture. With patience, perseverance, and positive training, you should have no trouble keeping him off. Just establish the rule early, and be consistent!

Get everybody on board

If everyone in your house agrees that the couch should be a dog-free zone, it’s important you all reinforce that rule. After all, there’s no point in having such a rule if someone invites him up to snuggle when no one else is looking!

3

Use positive reinforcement

Problems arise when a dog starts viewing the sofa as his own personal item. Eventually, he may become overly protective of his “spot”, and react aggressively when anyone approaches it. If this happens, take immediate action. Be firm but calm when asking your dog to get off the couch, and praise him when he does. Ignore any possessive behaviour he displays, and continue rewarding him when he settles on the floor. Eventually, he’ll get the gist.

4

Offer him a place to call his own

A dog should have a comfortable, cozy and calm spot where he can retreat to when it’s time to rest and relax. If you don’t want him gravitating toward the human furniture, buy him a bed or set up a comfy corner with blankets where he can unwind in peace. Ideally, this space should be somewhere close to you. If you’re feeling generous, designate one chair as the “dog” chair. Teach him that it’s okay to use it, and be sure to warn guests about the dog hair before they take a seat!

5

Teach him the “off” command

Whenever you ask your dog to get off the sofa, firmly say the word “off”. If he seems reluctant, try tossing one of his favorite treats on the ground while voicing the command, and use your hand to point away from the couch. Soon, he’ll start to associate the instruction and the hand gesture with the act of leaving the couch.

6

Keep him off the sofa when you’re not home

This is easier said than done. Dogs are smart, and will learn to take advantage of an unsupervised house. The solution? Make the furniture inaccessible while you’re out. Use a baby gate to confine him in one room or crate train him. If you prefer to let him roam, try arranging pillows on the couch to deter him with a barrier. You can also position clean car mats upside down on your couch with their rubber teeth facing upward. Your pup won’t like the prickly sensation on his feet, and will opt to find somewhere more comfortable to relax. Eventually, he’ll stop bothering with the sofa altogether, and you can put the mats back in your vehicle where they belong.

Jason Goldstein is a Marketing Specialist. He has a Bachelor’s Degree in Animal Behaviour, but is interested in anything dog-related and understands that having a happy life alongside your companion involves more than training him for obedience.

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BY EMILY WATSON

A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

When giving your dog a bath, follow these 9 steps for a smooth and stressfree experience.

Illustrations by Mike Carless

Bathing your dog isn’t rocket science. But it’s a good idea to follow a consistent process to make things easier and minimize stress. From setup to cleanup, this guide will simplify the bathing process for both you and your canine companion.

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STEP 1:

STEP 2:

Many pet parents opt to skip this step, but trust us… it’s important! Giving your dog a thorough brushing before his bath will make the whole process easier for both of you. Use a basic slicker brush to comb through any knotted fur, and a de-shedding tool to thin out his undercoat and prevent loose hair from clogging the drain.

Setting up the bathing area beforehand will help ensure a smooth and stressfree process. First, gather all the necessary supplies (see sidebar on page 18). Once everything is within arm’s reach, line the tub or sink with a non-slip rubber mat. This will make your dog feel more secure, and prevent any accidents once the water gets flowing.

Brush him

Set the stage

STEP 3:

Call your dog Using a healthy treat (small pieces of chicken or cheese work well), invite your dog to join you in the bathing area. Gentle coaxing is fine — just be sure not to force him. If you’re dealing with a stubborn subject, attach his leash to his collar so he knows it’s time to listen. To lift your dog into the basin or tub, place one hand beneath his chest, and the other behind his hind legs. If he’s large, lift with your knees rather than your back. Know your limits, and recruit a family member or friend for help if your dog is too heavy for you to lift by yourself. Secure your dog’s leash to prevent him from bolting mid-bath. If he’s a high flight risk, rub some all-natural peanut butter on the edge of the tub to keep him occupied.

STEP 4:

Get him wet Wet your dog from the base of his skull down to the tip of his tail, first making very sure that the water isn’t too hot or too cold. Be sure to pay close attention to hard-to-reach areas such as his legs, chest and groin area. Because dogs’ coats repel water, consider keeping a bucket of lukewarm water and a sponge nearby to keep him wet during step four. You can also use the sponge to wet his head, as it’s less invasive than spraying.

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STEP 5:

Add the shampoo

What you’ll need for bath time • Non-slip bathmat • Leash and collar • Healthy training treats • Bucket and sponge (optional)

Fill your palm with an all-natural shampoo formulated for dogs. Avoid human shampoo and dish soap, as the high acidity can upset the sensitive pH balance of your dog’s skin. If your dog has dry, flaky or oily skin, talk to your vet about which shampoo will best serve his needs. Otherwise, look for an alcohol-free product with limited ingredients, and steer clear of anything containing harsh detergents and surfactants. Apply the shampoo to the base of your dog’s skull. Avoiding his eyes, massage into a lather around his head and chest. Just as you did with the water, work your way down his body using long, gentle strokes. Shampoo instructions vary, but most advise you to leave the product on your dog’s coat for a few minutes. While you wait, praise your dog, and continue with his “massage” if he starts to get antsy.

• All-natural shampoo

Apply the shampoo to the base of your dog’s skull.

• All-natural conditioner (optional) • Towel or blow dryer

T ub or sink? Your Great Dane isn’t going to fit in the laundry room sink. But a Chihuahua might! If you have a small breed dog, save your back and knees by bathing him in a sink rather than the tub. Make sure it’s big enough for him to stand and turn around comfortably in, and put down a dish towel for him to stand on to prevent slipping and scratches. A tap with a separate spray nozzle is ideal, but a cup will also suffice to wet him down and rinse him off!

STEP 6:

Rinse and repeat An all-natural dog shampoo shouldn’t be too sudsy — but it’s still important to get it all out. Rinse your dog thoroughly from head to tail until the water runs clear. Then rinse again! Use your fingertips to part his hair, ensuring no soapy residue is left on his skin.

STEP 7:

Condition his coat This step isn’t always necessary, especially if your dog’s coat is already naturally soft and silky. A conditioner formulated for canines can be a good addition to baths during the winter months, or any other time his hair or skin is on the dry side. If possible, get the conditioner counterpart to the shampoo you’ve used. Apply the conditioner the same way you did the shampoo. Let it sit as long as the instructions recommend, then rinse well.

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STEP 8:

Dry him off There are two basic ways to dry your dog: with a blow dryer or a towel. For skittish dogs who don’t like loud noises, the latter option is the obvious choice. If you use a blow dryer, set the temperature and fan speed on low, don’t get too close to your dog’s hair, and give him breaks. A dog’s skin is thinner than ours and he can get overheated quickly. Brush as you dry or diffuse his hair with your fingers.

STEP 9:

Let him loose From your dog’s perspective, this is a crucial part of bath time! Running helps him get rid of any lingering bath-induced stress, and gives him a chance to shake off that “soapy” smell. If weather permits, let him into your backyard to keep him from rubbing along the carpets and furniture. Or put old towels down so he can rub to his heart’s content!

Integrating essential oils

Essential oils are a popular natural remedy that can help soothe your dog’s bath time anxiety. “Essential oils work with the limbic system, which plays a role in controlling breathing, heart rate, memory, stress levels, hormone balance and blood pressure,” explains veterinarian Dr. John J. Hanover. He recommends lavender, cedarwood, frankincense, valerian, and patchouli to promote balanced emotions. Always use pure oils and blends formulated especially for dogs. Essential oils can be added to a shallow bit of water at the bottom of the tub (one or two drops is enough), or mixed in with his shampoo. You can mix a couple of drops in a carrier oil, e.g. olive or coconut, rub a tiny amount into your palms, and then apply directly to his coat before getting him wet. “Remember that a dog’s sense of smell is far superior to humans, so a little goes a long way,” adds Dr. Hanover.

Positive reinforcement is key

Reward, reward, reward! Between each of the steps in this article, be sure to offer your dog some type of reward. Whether it’s a low-calorie treat or a pat on the back, positive reinforcement will help him associate bath time with a pleasant experience. CanadianDOGS.com

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Activity trackers for dogs BY EMILY WATSON

Is your dog “getting her steps in�? Find out by investing in a canine activity tracker! Activity trackers have taken the world by storm. Almost everywhere you look, someone is wearing one to track everything from steps to heart rate to sleep quality. Not surprisingly, these electronic devices have now edged their way into the dog market.

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How activity trackers work Also known as fitness trackers, activity trackers for canines are designed in a similar way to the human versions. They track your dog’s movement and vital signs using small sensors, and store the information for you (and your veterinarian) to review.

Once information has been received by your dog’s activity tracker, it’s stored internally to be downloaded, or sent via Bluetooth technology to your smartphone or computer. Some products even have cloud storage capabilities, so you can hold onto your pup’s health history for as long as you need. Two primary versions of canine activity trackers are currently available — devices that are built into a collar, and those that clip onto a dog’s existing collar. It really comes down to personal preference.

What are the benefits?

Obesity is a common problem in dogs. Diet is certainly a factor, but another primary contributor is lack

of exercise. Activity trackers can encourage dog parents to walk their canine companions more. “We jokingly refer to activity monitors as ‘inactivity monitors’, says veterinarian Dr. Ernie Ward, Founder and President of the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention (APOP). “They’re a wonderful way to prove to people that their dogs aren’t getting nearly enough exercise.” Dr. Ward refers to a phenomenon he calls the “myth of the backyard”. Most people assume that their dogs, when turned out into the yard on their own, will run and play. Many years ago, as a way to debunk this myth, Dr. Ward encouraged people to videotape their dogs in the yard. More often than not, the dogs would run the perimeter once, then immediately find a spot to lie down. Activity trackers are an invaluable awareness tool that encourages people to face the facts about their dogs’ health, and start them on an appropriate exercise program.

WHAT DOG DEVICES CAN TRACK While different brands have different capabilities, there are a number of things activity trackers monitor, including: Activity Sleep quality Pulse Respiration Temperature Distance travelled Location Calories burned and consumed Overall health Behaviour

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WHAT PRODUCT SHOULD I BUY? A number of activity trackers are available. So how is a dog parent to choose? At the end of the day, it depends entirely on your needs — and your budget. “I always recommend that people get the most affordable product that meets their basic needs,” says Dr. Ward. “Don’t overspend. If you find you outgrow the features, you can upgrade.”

Special features

Let’s take a look at the special features of some canine activity trackers: GOAL SETTING FUNCTIONS — Many canine activity trackers are connected to an app that allows you to set lifestyle goals for him. Just enter your dog’s ideal weight, then help him take the right steps to get there. SPACE FOR NOTES — If your dog’s activity tracker has an app, you can also use it to set reminders for yourself, or to leave messages for his caretaker. HEALTH COMPARISONS — Certain activity trackers allow you to compare your dog’s health and activity level with those of other dogs, so you can determine how he measures up to others of his breed. This function offers a great way to understand your dog’s habits and behaviours, and figure out whether or not genetics might be the cause. FEATURE FOR TRACKING LOST DOGS — Activity trackers with GPS technology allow dog parents to easily find their canine companions if they get lost. EMERGENCY ALERTS — Worried about your dog’s wellbeing while you’re away? Look for an activity tracker that can be programmed to send alerts directly to your phone. If his temperature is off or his heart rate is abnormal, you’ll know immediately. WATERPROOF DESIGN — If you spend a lot of time outdoors with your dog, a waterproof activity tracker is a must. It might not be able to withstand prolonged time underwater, but a little rain and mud shouldn’t affect it.

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THE

A B O U T C AT S A N D D O G S A recent study looked at the relationship between cats and dogs living in the same household, and the results might surprise you! It’s a common misconception that dogs and cats aren’t able to co-exist in the same household without conflict. Phrases such as “fight like cats and dogs” might be to blame for this. But the truth is, they actually tend to live together without more than an occasional hiss! A new study published in the Journal of Veterinary Behavior assessed the feline-canine relationship by surveying pet parents, and discovered that most dogs and cats have a “friendly, mutual bond, which is recognizable through the use of affiliative behaviours, maintaining proximity and effective, non-aggressive communication between individuals.”

The study also revealed that: • Dogs and cats rarely share personal items such as toys and beds • They rarely groom each other

• Cats are more likely to threaten dogs; observations of dogs threatening cats in the study were rare •C  ats typically call the shots; a feline’s feelings toward the dog are a greater predictor of how well they’ll get along. Since the number of cats and dogs kept together is increasing in many parts of the industrialized world, the authors recommend paying particular attention to the cat’s behaviour, along with the age of introduction, to encourage the best cat-dog relationships.

• They tend to get along better when they’re exposed to the other species at an early age

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IS YOUR DOG

SCARED OF STRANGERS?

BY TONYA WILHELM

Many dogs react fearfully when they see or are approached by someone they don’t know. Gentle behaviour modification can help calm those fears, boost your dog’s confidence, and transform him into a “people pooch”. 102

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I

f your dog is loving and gentle with you and your family, but cowers, growls or even snaps when he sees someone he doesn’t know, you’re not alone. Fortunately, you can take steps to soothe your dog’s emotions and help build his confidence.

Recognizing signs of fear in your dog Understanding how a dog communicates is essential when trying to address behavioural concerns, such as fear of strangers. The first step is to know what your dog's normal is. Start by focusing on his overall body and the way he displays tension. If you touch your dog when he’s happy and content, he’ll likely feel soft and loose. When he begins to get stressed or agitated, his body will start to feel and look tense and stiff. Once you are a pro at detecting tension, choose one body part and observe it throughout the day. Find your dog’s neutral position. Where does his carry his ears, tail and back line, and how does he walk? What does his face look like during the day? Are his eyes loose and soft? Does he have a soft expression around his mouth and cheeks? Being an expert in your dog's neutral body posture will help you see when he is becoming anxious. When dogs show signs of fear, their body posture tends to go back and down, and become stiff. You may notice your dog’s ears flatten and start to move back during stress. He may hold his tail tight to his body, his eyes may become glazed or almond-shaped, and his lips might pull back with tension around his face. He may move his entire body by walking or turning away, or ignoring your requests. On the other end of the spectrum, some dogs have learned to be more defensive, and their bodies will move forward instead of back. Their ears may also move forward, or they may pucker their lips. A lot of dogs display a combination of defensive and retreating behaviours. The bottom line is that the dog is uncomfortable and needs help dealing with the situation.

Possible reasons why a dog may fear strangers Many people assume that when a dog is fearful or shy, he has suffered some kind of abuse or trauma. This is certainly the case for some dogs, who may have been subjected to harsh training methods such as shock or pinch collars, and yelling. But his fear may also stem from poor socialization as a puppy. Puppies begin their socialization period around five weeks of age, and continue through adolescence, until they reach adulthood at around two years. During a dog’s first two years of life, it is critical to introduce him in a positive way to people, places and situations. If a puppy was not introduced to hundreds of new people in a positive way, he will likely develop a fear of strangers and the unknown. CanadianDOGS.com

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3 steps to build your dog's confidence Behaviour modification and counter-conditioning can be very successful in helping a fearful dog build confidence around people he doesn’t know. In order to have the best and quickest success possible, follow these three steps.

1

List your dog’s specific triggers. Be as specific as possible. For example, instead of listing “strangers” as a trigger, break it down. Maybe it’s men with beards ten feet away, or children under ten.

Put good management protocols into place. In order to change your dog’s response from a negative to a positive, it’s important to ensure he does not have exposure to his triggers outside a planned training session.

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Use your dog’s favourite treat. The rewards used during this process need to be something he truly thinks is the bomb. A variety of cooked, dehydrated or freeze-dried meats tends to provide good motivation for most dogs.

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Training a fearful dog is not about teaching him what to do, but how to feel. Fear is not a behaviour but something the dog feels internally and without reason. Desensitization and counter-conditioning is one of the best ways to change your dog's emotional response from fear to safety. Introduce a trigger in such a way that your dog does not have a fearful response, then reward him with something he loves. This type of training teaches him that when “X� is present, good things happen. If your dog isn't fearful when a man walks on the sidewalk across the street, reward him each time he looks at the man. This is the basic premise of all your desensitization and counter-conditioning sessions. With multiple training sessions and experiences, your dog will start to predict that the man across the

street leads to good things. When you see this shift in your dog's behaviour, it's time to increase the difficulty level, usually by decreasing the distance between your dog and the trigger. Living with a dog who is afraid of strangers can be challenging. But with good training and management, you can help modify his behaviour and reactions, and turn your fearful dog into a people-lover!

Tonya Wilhelm is a dog training specialist who promotes positive ways to prevent and manage behaviour issues. Named one of the top ten dog trainers in the US, she has helped thousands build happy relationships with their dogs using humane, positive training methods. She wrote Proactive Puppy Care; offers dog training classes; provides training and behaviour services; and does workshops at pet expos (raisingyourpetsnaturally.com).

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Road Trip! BY DANA COX

6 MUST-HAVE DOGGY ITEMS FOR A SAFER CAR VACAY!

Rabies vaccine update for travellers The US recently relaxed its requirements regarding proof of rabies vaccination for noncommercial dogs. You’ll no longer need to show a rabies vaccination certificate at the border if you’re coming from one of the countries identified as low risk for rabies (which Canada is). Unfortunately, Canada has no such rule in place, so even though you don’t need a rabies certificate to get into the US, you’ll need one to get back into Canada. It must be issued by a veterinarian, clearly identify the dog by breed, colour, weight, etc., and include the date the dog was vaccinated and the duration of validity (up to three years). Canada does not require a vaccination waiting period.

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Most Canadians love road trips — the open highway, beautiful scenery and promise of adventure draws us out in droves every year. Of course, bringing your dog along makes the trip even more fun! And with a little planning, you’re guaranteed to find lots of dog-friendly activities you can both enjoy. Just make sure you’re prepared for surprises along the way (that’s just part of the adventure!). Start with a proper travel restraint or crate for inside the vehicle, as well as a good-sized travel carry bag dedicated to your dog’s things. Then pack the bag with these must-have doggy items:

1. Meal basics It’s always a good idea to pack a 4 L jug of water, along with your dog’s water and food bowls. Depending on where you’re going, you’ll also need several days’ worth of your dog’s regular food. Kibble, canned, and dehydrated or freeze-dried is easier to pack than fresh, raw or frozen. You can manage the latter if you have a large cooler and can replace ice as you go. Do a little research ahead of time to see if you can locate your dog’s brand of pet food at your destination. Pack a supply of treats as well, preferably ones you can store at room temperature.

2. Dog toys Your dog will do lots of sleeping in the car, but when she’s awake, her favourite chews and toys will provide a pleasant distraction. And surrounding her with familiar items will make her feel more comfortable.

3. Medical records Tuck a hard copy of your dog’s veterinary records in his “carry bag”. Consider taking photos of them with your phone so you also have an easily accessible digital record. If your dog needs emergency veterinary care, you will be able to produce records, labs, and treatment dates so the clinic can provide the best care possible.


Travelling to the US? Here’s what you need to know about your dog’s food: In general, you can bring pet food purchased in Canada into the US. But there are restrictions: • Pet food containing lamb, sheep or goat meat is prohibited. • Only 22.7 kg (50 lbs) or less is allowable through United States land border ports of entry, while 9 kg (20 lbs) or less is allowable through airports or seaports of entry. • Containers of pet food must be sealed (never opened) in commercial packaging and must be shelf stable (not needing refrigeration). Pet food containing sun-dried, freeze-dried or raw products are not allowed. • L abels on pet food packaging must clearly list the ingredients and country of origin. • Only pet food manufactured in Canada or the United States is allowable.

4. Dog first aid kit If you travel with your dog, keep a doggy first aid kit in the car at all times. Check it before you head out on your trip to make sure it’s well stocked and nothing has expired. Think about whether you’ll need any special items related to your destination, such as natural bug deterrent spray. If you’re traveling to a specific destination, research the emergency vet clinics in that area and put the contact info in both your phone and your first aid kit.

Returning to Canada? Travellers may bring into Canada a maximum of 20 kg of dog food. The food must meet all the following requirements: • It must be of United States origin and be commercially packaged. • It must be in your possession at your time of entry from the US. • The dog that will eat the food must accompany you at the time of entry. • The pet food is fed only to the dog that accompanied you into Canada.

Check her ID! Before you hit the road, make sure your dog’s ID tag is up to date and includes your cell phone number. An electronic ID tag may let you include info about your route and destination as well.

5. The right gear Does your dog have all the accessories she’ll need for your trip? Depending on where you’re going and the time of year, she may need a dog coat or sweater, dog boots, or a life jacket. For hiking, you may want to think about a harness so she can carry her own water. Also, throw in an extra leash, just in case your go-to leash gets damaged or lost.

6. Clean-up supplies Accidents do happen so it’s best to be prepared. Pack old towels, pet wipes, poop bags, and an enzyme-based fabric/carpet cleaner. And don’t forget some hand sanitizer for yourself, as well as a bottle of water for cleaning up in the car if necessary. Throw in a bar or bottle of dog shampoo and a dog brush just in case. For male dogs, you may want to consider a belly band. Designed to prevent your dog from leaving his mark on furniture, this fabric band simply slips around his “privates” so he can’t pee.

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Why dogs need

mani-pedis too! BY BECKI SELBY

CLIPPING YOUR DOG’S NAILS ISN’T JUST ABOUT PREVENTING DAMAGE TO YOUR HOME. IT’S ALSO IMPORTANT FOR HER HEALTH AND COMFORT.

Regular nail maintenance contributes to your dog’s comfort and well-being in so many ways. And it saves your floors too! Here are five good reasons to keep her “mani-pedi” up-to-date:

1

PROVIDES BETTER TRACTION

This is especially important for growing puppies, dogs with orthopedic problems, and elderly pets. Many of our canine companions live indoors with us where floors can be slippery. Overgrown nails can force the dog’s foot up, allowing less of the pad to come in contact with the surface he’s walking or running on. This can lead to slips and injuries, not to mention scratches in your hardwood!

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2

REDUCES RISK OF INJURY

Dogs with long claws can injure themselves while scratching. Long nails are also more likely to get caught in things, or to snap, causing pain that may require veterinary attention. Nails that are not properly maintained can cause injury to people and other animals as well.


3

PREVENTS CLAWS FROM GROWING INTO THE PAD

If left unattended long enough, nails can actually grow into the pad of the dog’s foot. This causes a great deal of pain and can lead to infection. Dewclaws (nails located on the upper side of the foot) are more likely to do this, but depending on your dog’s anatomy and exercise level, it can happen with any neglected nail.

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4

HELPS LESSEN ORTHOPEDIC PROBLEMS

Long nails can actually force a dog’s toes to spread, twist or lift when walking. This unnatural position can cause temporary discomfort or permanent structural issues, and even lead to arthritis. Keeping nails as short as possible will allow the dog to walk on the pads of her feet as intended.

5

DECREASES DAMAGE TO PROPERTY

Of course, maintaining your dog’s nails can prevent him from doing damage to furniture, flooring, doors, clothing, car interiors, etc.

Becki Selby owns a busy grooming salon in Peterborough, Ontario. She has worked with animals since 2000 in a variety of capacities, including veterinary assistant, pet food retailer, and pet store manager. Becki has been involved with conformation dog shows and has worked with dog trainers. Her passion is advocating for animal health and welfare.

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ESSENTIAL TOOLS FOR NAIL CARE • NAIL CLIPPERS •

These generally come in two styles — scissor and guillotine. The scissor varieties are generally stronger, easier to maneuver, and come in a variety of sizes. Guillotinestyle clippers allow you to insert the nail and cut on an angle. If possible, hold a few pairs in your hand before buying, and see which ones feel most comfortable.

• NAIL GRINDER •

These are specialized dremel-like tools designed for pets’ nails. The motor spins a sand paper attachment while you hold the animal’s nail on it. The result is a smooth finish without sharp edges.

• NAIL FILE •

A metal nail file is a good alternative to a motorized grinder tool — especially if you have a noise-sensitive dog — and will smooth out any rough edges on the nail.

• STYPTIC POWDER •

Styptic powder can be applied to a nail that has been cut too short and is bleeding. It stops bleeding quickly. Styptic sticks can also be used.


Nailcare HOW DO I KNOW WHEN I SHOULD TRIM HIS NAILS?

HOW DO I GET MY DOG USED TO HAVING HIS NAILS TRIMMED?

Every dog is different and will require a different nail care schedule. Heavier, active dogs may wear their nails down faster than a smaller dog who is not as active. Some indications that your animal might need some foot attention include:

Most animals are sensitive about their feet being handled so start touching them as soon as possible. When your dog is in a calm state, begin to desensitize by simply touching her toes and feet. Massage and reward with treats or praise when she remains calm and receptive. Move on to tapping the nail with the clippers, and rewarding when this action is well received. After the nails have been clipped, follow up with a grinder or file to smooth edges. Make it a positive experience for you and your dog. Sometimes having a second person to provide comfort is all it takes to get the job done!

• Nails clicking on the floor • Nail biting • Nails catching on carpet or upholstery • Visual signs that nails need a trim, or if it has been more than a month since the last trim.

WHAT IF MY ANIMAL IS STILL STRESSED ABOUT NAIL CLIPPING? Dogs can sense when a person is nervous, so make sure you approach the situation with confidence. Give your dog a break between nails if necessary. Try to have her stand while you lift her feet, trimming like a blacksmith would a horse’s hooves — this can give you more control, allows you to see the quick easier from the underside, and can be a more comfortable position for your dog. Be careful not to manipulate her legs or force her through the process. Practice, patience and time will be required for your dog to grow comfortable with nail maintenance.

WHEN SHOULD I CALL A PROFESSIONAL? If your dog gets aggressive or opposes trimming to the point of injuring herself, it might be best to leave her nail maintenance to the professionals. Consult your veterinarian or groomer if either you or your dog is uncomfortable with the nail trimming process. Regular nail trims with a professional are not usually expensive.

WHAT IF I CUT A NAIL TOO SHORT? The vein located within the nail is referred to as the “quick”. If you happen to cut too far down the nail and it starts to bleed, remain calm. Often, your dog will barely notice your mistake. Simply place some styptic powder on the bleeding nail and add pressure. Repeat until the bleeding stops. Avoid exercise for the next few hours to prevent the nail from bleeding again. CanadianDOGS.com

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BREED DIRECTORY WELCOME TO OUR BREED DIRECTORY This is a wonderful resource if you’re looking for a purebred dog or a rare dog. The breed summaries give you a brief but fascinating glimpse into the history, appearance and care of each breed. Please note we’ve rated exercise and grooming requirements based on the legend at right.

legend Very minimal Minimal Average

BEFORE YOU START LOOKING FOR YOUR NEW BEST FRIEND, consider your lifestyle, your other family

members (two- and four-legged) and your commitment to exercise, grooming and training. That should help narrow down the breeds that are right for you!

More than average Maximum

This is a paid advertising section and we’ve made every effort to ensure the information is presented accurately. The publisher cannot be held responsible for any claims made in the advertising listings, or any issues that arise as a result of errors or omissions.

THE GROUPS GROUP 1 - SPORTING DOGS Bred to assist hunters on land or in water

Barbet Griffon (Wire-Haired Pointing) Lagotto Romagnolo Pointer (German Long-Haired) Pointer (German Short-Haired) Pointer (German Wire-Haired) Retriever (Chesapeake Bay) Retriever (Curly-Coated) Retriever (Flat-Coated) Retriever (Golden) Retriever (Labrador) Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling) 112

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Dogs have lived alongside humans for thousands of years. Over that time, they’ve been bred to serve many roles, from helping hunt game, to containing vermin, to snuggling. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) categorizes dogs based on seven different groups. Though the breeds in our Rare Breeds Directory are not yet recognized by the CKC, we’ve included them in their own section.

Setter (English) Setter (Gordon) Setter (Irish) Setter (Irish Red and White) Spaniel (American Cocker) Spaniel (Brittany) Spaniel (Clumber) Spaniel (English Cocker) Spaniel (English Springer) Spaniel (Irish Water) Spaniel (Welsh Springer) Spinone Italiano Vizsla (Smooth-Haired) Vizsla (Wire-Haired) Weimaraner

GROUP 2 - HOUNDS

Bred to hunt by scent or sight Afghan Hound American Foxhound Basenji Basset Hound Beagle Black and Tan Coonhound Bloodhound Borzoi Dachshund (Miniature Long-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Smooth-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired) Dachshund (Standard Smooth) Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired)


Deerhound (Scottish) Drever English Foxhound Finnish Spitz Greyhound Ibizan Hound Irish Wolfhound Norrbottenspets Norwegian Elkhound Norwegian Lundehund Otterhound Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen Pharaoh Hound Rhodesian Ridgeback Saluki Shikoku Whippet

GROUP 3 - WORKING DOGS Bred to guard, pull and rescue Akita Alaskan Malamute American Bulldog Bernese Mountain Dog Black Russian Terrier Boxer Bullmastiff Canaan Dog Canadian Eskimo Dog Cane Corso Doberman Pinscher Entlebucher Mountain Dog Eurasier Field Spaniel Great Dane Great Pyrenees Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Karelian Bear Dog Komondor Kuvasz Leonberger Mastiff Newfoundland Portuguese Water Dog Rottweiler Samoyed Schnauzer (Giant) Schnauzer (Standard) Siberian Husky St. Bernard Tibetan Mastiff

GROUP 4 - TERRIERS

Bred to hunt and kill vermin Airedale Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier

Australian Terrier Bedlington Terrier Border Terrier Bull Terrier Bull Terrier (Miniature) Cairn Terrier Cesky Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Fox Terrier (Smooth) Fox Terrier (Wire) Irish Terrier Jack Russell Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Norfolk Terrier Norwich Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Schnauzer (Miniature) Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Silky Terrier Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Welsh Terrier West Highland White Terrier

GROUP 5 - TOYS

Bred for companionship Affenpinscher Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chihuahua (Long Coat) Chihuahua (Short Coat) Chinese Crested Coton de Tulear Griffon (Brussels) Havanese Italian Greyhound Japanese Chin King Charles Spaniel Maltese Papillon Pekingese Pomeranian Poodle (Toy) Pug Toy Fox Terrier Yorkshire Terrier

GROUP 6 - NON-SPORTING A diverse group of dogs that don’t fit into other groups American Eskimo Dog Bichon Frise Boston Terrier

Bulldog Chinese Shar-Pei Chow Chow Dalmatian French Bulldog German Pinscher Keeshond Lhasa Apso Lowchen Poodle (Miniature) Poodle (Standard) Schipperke Shiba Inu Shih Tzu Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan Terrier

GROUP 7 - HERDING

Bred to manage the movements of other animals Australian Cattle Dog Australian Kelpie Australian Shepherd Bearded Collie Belgian Shepherd Dog Border Collie Bouviers des Flandres Briard Collie (Rough) Collie (Smooth) Dutch Shepherd Dog Finnish Lapphund German Shepherd Dog Iceland Sheepdog Mudi Norwegian Buhund Old English Sheepdog Polish Lowland Sheepdog Portuguese Sheepdog Puli Schapendoes (Dutch Sheepdog) Shetland Sheepdog Swedish Vallhund Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

RARE BREEDS

Bolognese Kleiner Münsterländer Miniature American Shepherd Miniature Australian Shepherd Pumi Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka Shiloh Shepherd White Shepherd CanadianDOGS.com

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AFGHAN HOUND

AIREDALE TERRIER

History In the 1600s, dogs resembling the Affenpinscher were bred in Germany to rid homes and stables of vermin. Over the next hundred years, selective breeding produced a slightly smaller dog with superb ratting skills and a lively, sociable nature. It’s likely the German Pinscher, the Schnauzer and the Pug all played a part in the Affenpinscher’s development. The spirited, blackbearded terriers became part of the household – a position documented in European art from the 15th to 18th centuries. Studying the Affenpinscher’s bearded face, it’s easy to see the origin of the breed’s nickname: “Monkey Terrier”.

History Originating around the borders of Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan, the Afghan Hound is one of the oldest sighthound breeds. Rich and poor alike prized these dogs for their protective nature but most of all for their ability to hunt. Afghans were bred to be supreme hunters, pursuing everything from gazelles to hares, and even their traditional quarry, leopards. Hunted alone or in braces, Afghans relied on their independent thinking skills to successfully bring down the big cats.

History In the mid 1800s, middle class workers in the Aire Valley of Yorkshire, England were plagued with pests such as rats and otters. Normally, the problem was managed with terriers for the rats and water dogs for the otters. However, most people could not afford the cost of keeping multiple dogs. In 1853, breeders sought a solution by crossing rough-coated Black and Tan Terriers with Otterhounds. The result was the Waterside Terrier, a keen terrier-type hunter who could swim. The breed took off, and was renamed the Airedale Terrier in 1879.

The breed came to Europe in the late 19th century after British soldiers spotted them in India. While Afghans are known for their long elegant coats, initially there were two Personality Interested in everyone varieties: the lean short-coated desert-bred and everything, the Affenpinscher is a hound, and the heavier-coated mountain social fellow who needs interaction with hound. These two types were interbred after people, places and other animals. He their introduction to the Western world, is smart and attentive, so a stimulating and the result was the impressive hound we environment brings out the best in him. know today. As bold and stubborn as he is playful and Personality Elegant and sometimes aloof, charming, the Affenpinscher benefits from the Afghan Hound can seem standoffish at knowledgeable training. first. But this breed is loyal to his people, and Appearance 9 ½-11 ½” (24.13-28 cm) has a surprising sense of humour. Incredible 7-8 lb (3-3.36 kg) athletes, Afghans require adequate exercise, Black or black and tan, grey, red or other but don’t be surprised to find them curled variations. Wiry coat, shaggy and longer on up on the couch afterwards. They have a high prey drive, so Afghans should be the legs and around eyes, nose and chin. watched around cats or other small animals. Quick Facts Appearance 24-29” (61-73 cm) Exercise Requirements 50-60 lb (22-27 kg) Grooming Long fine coat, silken in texture, topped with short hair from the shoulder along the length of the back. Face is short-coated, head is crowned with a topknot of long hair. All colours are acceptable, but white markings are discouraged.

The Airedale was first brought to North America in the 1880s, and Airedales are now one of the most versatile terriers, hunting fur or feather, acting as a retriever, herding and guarding. Airedales were one of the earliest police dogs and an active presence in the First and Second World Wars. The breed’s great versatility and size truly make the Airedale “King of Terriers”.

Photo: Da’Ghan Reg’d

Affenpinscher

AFFENPINSCHER

legend

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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YT Da’Ghan Reg’d, Sheila & Clif Robertson. Healthy Happy Hounds, Puppies and adults are sometimes available. Our dogs are successful in conformation, agility, hiking and lure coursing...most of all they are couch potatoes with love to share. (867) 668-3885; clif@northwestel.net; www.daghans.com

Personality An intelligent and brave dog, Airedales have big personalities and huge hearts. While they can be aloof with other dogs and strangers, they are lively and playful with their own people. Regular exercise both on and off leash keeps these energetic dogs happy. Their versatility and intelligence make them good for obedience or similar work. Appearance 22-24” (56-61 cm) 40-45 lb (18-30 kg) Dense wiry outercoat with soft downy undercoat. Coat lies straight and close to the body, with some wave or crinkle acceptable. Tan body with saddle of black or dark grizzle on midsection. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Aireheart Airedale Terrier, Jorien Becker. We here at Aireheart take the raising of our pups extremely seriously. We build a solid foundation for your pup before they leave at ten weeks of age, by using the Puppy Culture program and Absolute Dog training. Our stock is imported from strong European kennels, with international champion bloodlines. Visit our website for more details. www.aireheart.com


In 1931, the breed was declared a natural monument worthy of careful preservation. The first Akita arrived in North America in 1937 with Helen Keller, who was given one on a visit to Japan. But it wasn’t until after World War II when soldiers stationed in Japan brought a large number of Akitas home with them that the breed really gained popularity in North America. Personality The Akita is dignified, fearless and very loyal to his owner. He likes to dominate other dogs, and is reserved with people he doesn’t know. An alert, quiet dog who only barks occasionally, he makes a good family companion, but he’s also active, powerful and athletic and needs lots of outdoor exercise. Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) 75-120 lb (34-54.5 kg) Straight, harsh outer coat; short, dense undercoat; any colour is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History When colonists came to North America in the 17th century, one of the dogs they brought with them was the Bulldog, commonly used for the blood sport of bull-baiting. The traits that made this breed so effective in the sport also made it highly suitable for managing the tough free-range hogs and cattle typical in the southwest. Some believe the American Bulldog remains true to the original English Bulldog that arrived off the ships, free from the changes brought to the breed in England. Others believe these dogs evolved through selective breeding and the Personality The Alaskan Malamute is a addition of Bull Terrier bloodlines. Either friendly dog who loves all people equally way, the American Bulldog closely and does not bond particularly closely. resembles English Bulldogs pictured in the Early socialization and training will teach early 1800s. him where he stands in his family “pack”. Bred to work hard, the Alaskan Malamute Changes in technology and farming left the needs lots of exercise, and a large fenced American Bulldog nearly extinct by the end of WWII but the breed was revived by John yard is a necessity. D. Johnson and Allen Scott (who preferred Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) a smaller body type). 75-85 lb (34-39 kg) Personality A hardworking fellow, the Thick, coarse outercoat. Dense, oily, wooly undercoat. Solid white, mostly American Bulldog is a brave and determined white with shadings from light grey to dog who will loyally protect his family and livestock. Johnson-type dogs are larger black, sable, red. and more overt guardians, while ScottQuick Facts type dogs tend to be smaller and more Exercise Requirements athletically inclined. Both benefit from lots Grooming of socialization and training at an early age. History Some 4,000 years ago, when the Bering Strait provided access from Siberia to Alaska, an Inuit tribe known as the Mahlemuts came to North America, bringing along their dogs. Strong, hardy and exceptionally suited to harsh northern conditions, these dogs hauled sleds and carried packs, allowing the Inuit to travel where food was most plentiful. The dogs were prized and never sold to non-Inuit homes until the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 when American prospectors bought good dogs for hundreds of dollars.

Appearance 20-27” (51-69 cm) 60-125 lb (27-57 kg)

NEED HELP CHOOSING THE

Short, close stiff coat. Any colour, pattern or combination except black, solid blue and tricolour.

RIGHT PUPPY?

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- See Spaniel (American Cocker)

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

AKITA

American Bulldog

ON Ingle Valley Reg’d, Mariam Murray. (613) 354-5993; inglevly@sympatico.ca; http://breeders-showcase.net/Mariam_Murray

History The regal Akita is the largest Japanese Spitz breed and has been around for approximately 300 years. He is related to the Ainu and the Shiba Inu, and as his name suggests, comes from the Akita region of northern Japan. He was originally used to hunt large game like bear, deer and boar.

AMERICAN BULLDOG

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

ALASKAN MALAMUTE

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Zsuzse Airedales, Suzanne Zwarun. Top quality puppies for all activities. Full of deviltry and humour. Seventh generation of an exceptionally intelligent maternal family. Homeraised, health guaranteed, OFA certified. Rocky View, AB. (403) 279-5815; zwaruns@telus.net; www.airedalezsuzse.com


History A member of the Spitz family, which originated some 6,000 years ago with the Peat Bog Dog, the American Eskimo Dog arose from a line of dogs from Switzerland that came to be known as German Spitz. The breed came to North America in the early 1900s. Possibly due to anti-German sentiment during the First World War, the breed’s name was changed to American Spitz in 1913, and then to American Eskimo Dog in 1917. The American Eskimo Dog’s popularity arose from its widespread use in circuses from the 1920s through 1950s. Famous Eskimo Dogs performed amazing acts like walking the tightrope or dancing with clowns. With three different sizes to choose from, they appealed to a wide range of people and situations. Personality These lively dogs are highly attached to their owners and prefer not to be left alone. Energetic and intelligent, they require daily runs and enjoy opportunities to exercise their minds. They make good watchdogs and are an excellent choice for obedience or as trick dogs. Appearance Standard 15-19” (38-48 cm) 18-35 lb (8-16 kg) Miniature 11-15” (28-38 cm) 10-20 lb (4.5-9 kg) Toy 9-12” (23-30 cm) 6-10 lb (3-4.5 kg) Long straight outercoat with dense undercoat. White is preferred, but biscuit or cream are acceptable.

AMERICAN STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER

History Englishman Robert Brooke sailed with his pack of hunting dogs to North America in 1650. A century later, the dogs were paired with a similar breed from France, who had been gifted to George Washington, and the result was the American Foxhound, which would form the basis of every strain of hound in North America. The American Foxhound was trained to work alongside horses for fox hunting, and was bred to be lighter, taller, faster and with a keener sense of smell than its English counterpart. Known for over 200 years for their stamina, they are still used primarily for hunting, and there are now four different categories to consider: field trial hounds, slow-trailing hounds, drag/trail hounds, and pack hounds.

History Like its cousins, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the American Pit Bull Terrier, this slightly larger breed also originated from ancient Greek mastiff-type dogs. These were the powerful canines who fought in arenas throughout the Roman Empire. Butchers used the determined dogs to help control bulls; hunters used them to catch and hold wild boar and other game. In England, these roles changed to bull- and bear-baiting until both “sports” were banned in 1835. Out of the ring, the breed won admiration for its handsome appearance and lasting affection for its owner.

Personality A great companion for athletic owners, the American Foxhound can run for hours without tiring. While he can be sweet and affectionate indoors, his independent disposition can shift quickly when outside, so positive and consistent training at an early age is very important to harness his intense and courageous nature. With his mild personality, the American Foxhound can become an ideal family member, as long as his exercise needs are met. Traditionally a pack animal, he can be very protective if he believes he’s the leader, so establish boundaries at a young age. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 65-75 lb (29-34 kg)

Close, hard coat that can be any colour, most commonly a variation of black, white and tan. A tall hound with long, straight front legs. Kind brown eyes set in a large, slightly domed head with wide ears that fall AB White Phantom Reg’d, Susan Noden. Toy, flat to frame the face, and a long tail with Miniature and Standard sizes. Optigen slight upward curve. tested. RR 2, New Norway, AB. T0B 3L0. Quick Facts (780) 855-2577; (780) 781-4706; scrane@syban.net; Exercise Requirements www.whitephantomkennels.com Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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AMERICAN FOXHOUND

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

American Eskimo Dog

AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG

It was this affable nature that made the breed popular with North American settlers as guard and hunting dogs. In 1936, the AKC recognized the American Pit Bull Terrier but altered the name to Staffordshire Terrier. In 1972, the name was amended again. The American Staffordshire Terrier sets the breed apart from its smaller cousin. Personality The American Staffordshire Terrier can make a stable, loyal and loving friend when socialized at an early age, and trained by someone knowledgeable. He responds quickly and eagerly to instruction. He may be aggressive with other dogs. He needs multiple daily walks to keep him fit and stimulated, and walks that bring a “Staffie” in contact with other dogs and people contribute to his socialization. Appearance 17-19” (43-48 cm) 57-67 lb (26-30.5 kg) Close, glossy coat of any colour. Solid or patched is permissible, but all white, or more than 80 percent white, black and tan, or liver are discouraged. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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mother and christened Kelpie II. In 1872, Kelpie II outperformed her competitors at New South Wales’ first sheepdog trial. Thereafter, the famous dog’s offspring became known as Kelpie’s pups.

Weather-resistant double coat whose undercoat varies seasonally. Moderate mane and frill. A variety of colours including black, red, blue merle and red merle. Various white and/or tan markings and points.

Today, Australian Kelpies herd sheep with uncanny instinct, but the breed is equally skilled at working cattle.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Personality A tireless dog “who would rather work than eat”, the Kelpie requires an environment that challenges his intelligence, agility and stamina. He will thrive at Agility, Disc Dog and Flyball, and his eagerness to please History As his name suggests, the Australian qualifies him for obedience work. As long as he Cattle Dog was bred to work cattle in the is properly socialized around children, he is a “land down under”. The stockmen needed calm and friendly pet at home. a rugged herding dog that could move the Appearance 17-23” (43-58 cm) wily, free range cattle over long distances, 26-45 lb (11-20 kg) across tough terrain and in unseasonable weather. They carefully developed the Short-coated either black, red, blue, fawn or Australian Cattle Dog from a variety of cream, in solid or with tan markings, with or breeds, including blue merle Smooth without minimal white markings. Collies, the native Dingo, and the Kelpie. Quick Facts Before settling on the current name, the Exercise Requirements breed was known as the Queensland Heeler, Grooming the Blue Heeler and the Australian Heeler. Personality Courageous, intelligent, and alert, the Australian Cattle Dog’s innate loyalty makes him a natural watchdog and guardian. Not surprisingly, his devotion to duty can make him wary of strangers. Training and exercise are crucial, and fortunately, this breed is eager to learn and please!

ON Holler Australian Shepherds, Karen Doughty. Breeding quality Aussies raised as part of the family, bred for show, performance and companionship. CKC Registered, first shots, microchipped, 6 weeks free pet insurance, health guarantee. Stud service available to approved bitches. Inquires about the breed or available puppies most welcomed. Lifetime owner support. Ontario Director of CNASA. Alliston, Ontario. (416) 450-6073; holleraussies@gmail.com; www.holleraussies.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Australian Terrier

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG

AUSTRALIAN TERRIER

AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD

Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) 33-50 lb (15-23 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

AUSTRALIAN KELPIE

CKC GCH Tresrullah’s All Tuckered Out. Multi Group Placing, CKC champion producing proven stud dog. Bred by Brenda-Lee Hoskins and Lisa Wensley, Owned by Karen Doughty and Brenda-Lee Hoskins.

History The Australian Shepherd had its beginnings in Spain and Andorra with Basque shepherds who used Pyrenean Shepherds to care for their herds. These dogs followed the Basques as they travelled first to Australia, then to the United States in the 1840s. Once in North America, the dogs were assumed to have originated in Australia and were named accordingly. By the late 1800s, the breed became quite popular in the western states. The dogs were known for their intelligence, versatility, and of course, their excellent herding ability. Over the years, the breed has been augmented with others such as Smithfields, Border Collies and Collies, eventually producing the Australian Shepherd we now know and love.

History The Australian Terrier appeared in the late 19th century and was the first Australian-bred dog to be recognized in Australia. Rugged, hardy and fearless, with short legs, sturdiness, and speed, the Australian Terrier was an ideal hunter who helped control rodent problems. In addition to his hunting skills, he served as a devoted companion and helper during tough times and in tough terrain. The breed comes from a mix of terriers who were brought to Australia by Scottish and Northern English settlers, including the Yorkshire Terrier, Scottish Terrier, and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier.

Personality This all-purpose, high energy dog is cheerful, friendly, and always up for an adventure. They are quick learners, highly intelligent, and have a strong desire to please, which makes them ideal for training. Their intelligence means that they can get bored if not stimulated, so it is a good idea to keep an Personality Smart and friendly. Australian Australian Terrier fairly busy. As born hunters, Shepherds do equally well as family pets or they are prone to chasing after small animals, History Few breeds can trace their working herders. Because of their working so keep an eye out if squirrels are around! ancestry as directly as the Australian Kelpie. origin, these dogs require lots of exercise. Australian Terriers build strong bonds with Brutus and Jenny were two black and tan They make excellent obedience and sporting their families, but can appear aloof to outsiders. Smooth Collies brought to Australia from dogs, learn quickly and love their jobs. They’re also quick to defend their families Scotland in the 1870s. One of their pups from other dogs or strangers, which makes was bred to a clever, female Australian dog Appearance 18-23” (45-58 cm) them ideal watchdogs. 40-65 lb (18-29 kg) named Kelpie (Gaelic for “water sprite”). Australian Terrier continued on page 118. One of this litter was the image of her

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Sturdy, compact, strong and muscular with a moderately short, straight outer coat and a short dense undercoat. Coat is not clipped or trimmed. Recognized colours are Blue, which can include blue or bluemottled, with or without black, blue or tan markings, and Red, which features a coat with an even red speckle


Barbet

Australian Terrier Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) Approx. 14 lb (6.5 kg) Harsh, straight outercoat with soft undercoat. Silky, light-coloured topknot. Distinct ruff and apron. Colours include solid red, solid sandy, various shades of blue and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BARBET

ON Tree Beard Reg’d. Dedicated to using only sound health-certified dogs of excellent temperament, type and structure. OFA hips and elbows, CERF eyes, and DNA’d. Homeraised, well socialized puppies occasionally available to approved homes only. 125 Thare Cres., Nepean, ON K2J 2J1. (613) 823-6256; treebeardbarbets@rogers. com; www.treebeardbarbets.com

BASENJI

History “Basset” is based on the French word “bas”, which means “low”. The dog we now know as the Basset Hound originated in France. It was founded on two Basset Artésien Normand littermates who were imported to England in 1874. The new English Basset was greatly inbred and began to fail. In 1892, judge and breeder Everett Millais revived the breed by adding Bloodhound lineage. The result was the large, low-slung dog now known History This ancient breed originated as the Basset Hound. in the Democratic Republic of Congo, While Basset Hounds were initially bred where its intelligence and speed made it an for dog shows rather than sport, they were ideal hunting dog. Devoted to its owners, unique hunting dogs whose slower pace Basenjis provided protection, as well as allowed for a different style of hunting. companionship. The breed is thought to Bassets were primarily used to hunt badger have descended from the earliest pariah and hare. The breed was first imported to dogs and it has evolved for survival. Basenjis North America in 1883 but didn’t gain possess a marked sturdiness. popularity here until the 1920s. By the “The African Barkless Dog” was brought to the 1950s, the Basset Hound was a familiar sight, UK in 1936. The breed’s unique qualities and appearing in many films and TV shows and appearance piqued interest there and in North acting as the logo for Hush Puppies. America, and Basenjis soon gained popularity. Personality Super easy-going, the Basset

History An ancient breed, the Barbet is the likely progenitor of many modern dogs, including Bichons, Griffons, Otterhounds, Newfoundlands, Briards and Poodles. References to this French water dog, named for its characteristic “barbe” or beard, date back as early as the 14th century, though the Personality The Basenji’s inquisitive nature breed is believed to be far older than that. is reflected in his alert, curious expression. Originally used to retrieve at sea, the Barbet’s He is an intelligent dog who thrives in a thick wooly coat and webbed feet make him stimulating environment where he can an ideal gun dog in swamps. Unfortunately, use his acute sense of sight and smell. The as breeds like the Poodle gained popularity, Basenji benefits from exercising in large, the Barbet was forgotten and nearly became safe areas. Aloof toward strangers, but eager to accompany their owners, Basenjis extinct in the late 19th century. do not like to be left alone. And despite Personality This brave and loyal dog is a their nickname, Basenjis do vocalize; they loving pet and truly devoted to his family. can “chortle”, yodel and crow like roosters. Like any water dog, he enjoys a swim no Another unique feature of the breed is their matter what the weather. Eager to please, cleanliness. Basenjis groom themselves like he loves a good romp outside and is easy to cats, and are essentially odourless. train. Appearance 16-17” (40.5-43 cm) 21-24 lb (9.5-11 kg) Appearance 20-25” (51-65 cm)

Hound is a great family pet. He can be stubborn at times, but is generally a wellbehaved pleasant companion. Like any scent hound, he may get distracted by an interesting smell. While he enjoys a good romp, the Basset is known for stamina rather than speed. Basset Hounds love their food, and should be watched for excess weight gain. Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) 50-70 lb (22-32 kg) Short smooth coat. Generally tri-colour (black, white, tan) or bi-colour (lemon, white) but may come in any typical hound colouring. Skin is elastic and somewhat baggy (this loose skin needs to be kept clean, particularly around the eyes and ears). Long droopy ears. Long back with short stocky legs.

Short, sleek coat in four colour variations: red and white, black and white, brindle Long wooly coat, forms cords naturally. and white, and tri-colour, all markings with Quick Facts Hair on head reaches to the nose and distinct demarcations. Prick ears, unique Exercise Requirements covers eyes. Thick beard and moustache. forehead wrinkles and tight, curly tail give Grooming Comes in a variety of solid colours: black, them an appealing look. grey, white, tawny, chestnut, red fawn, ON Quick Facts sandy, pied. Pennies Logo’n Basset Hounds, Penny Exercise Requirements Bernas. Breeder of Top Quality Basset Hounds Quick Facts Grooming excellent bloodlines and temperaments. Exercise Requirements CKC registered. References available. Top Grooming 33-55 lb (15-25 kg)

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Canadian Basset Hound for 2009 to 2012. 325 Governors Rd East Paris, ON N3L 3E1 Text or call (519) 755-2597; pennieslogo@hotmail.com; www.penniesbassethounds.com

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History Bearded Collies were first developed in Scotland, where for centuries they were bred as a herding and droving dog. The breed’s specific canine antecedents are uncertain, though some claim Polish Lowland Sheepdogs were a primary ancestor. Whatever their history, the breed became very popular in the Victorian era. Efforts to create a registry for Bearded Collies in the late 19th century met with difficulty. While several dogs met the breed description, few were ever registered.

History Hailing from the Rothbury Forest region of Northumberland in England, the Rothbury Terrier was originally a versatile allround pest-controller who kept the coal mines free of rats. Though an excellent rat and badger dog, his versatile nature led breeders to add Otterhound bloodlines to allow the dogs to swim down otters, and Whippet bloodlines to add speed, allowing them to run down hares. The longer-legged type became known as the Bedlington Terrier.

The breed as we now know it descends from the efforts of Mrs. G.O. Willison, who purchased her first Bearded Collie in 1946. When the dog was two years old, she had Beagles were brought to North America it inspected for registration and Jeannie during the 1840s, and continued to be used of Bothkennar became the first Bearded for hunting. In England, efforts to create Collie to be registered in nine years. The a breed standard were underway, but a first Bearded Collies in North America similar effort didn’t begin in the United likely arrived in the 1890s, but they were not States until the 1870s. Interestingly, the established as a breed until 1970. new breed became more popular in North Personality Full of bounce and general America than England, and has remained good spirits, the Bearded Collie is a funamong the top ten most popular dogs for loving dog. This charming fellow enjoys the outdoors, and doesn’t mind if the weather is well over 30 years. wet or grey. A loving family pet, the bubbly Personality With his outgoing personality, Bearded Collie also makes a wonderful the Beagle is quick to win over the human therapy dog. heart. He is confident, playful and always Appearance 20-22” (51-56 cm) cheerful. Being a hunting hound, the 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Beagle does have a loud voice and can be Shaggy flat overcoat. Soft close undercoat. a bit noisy at times. He loves to get out and Beard. Black, blue, brown, grey or fawn about, exploring the world around him. in colour, with or without white and tan Beagles are relatively easy to train, and markings. Colour tends to fade with age. particularly enjoy their treats. Quick Facts Appearance 13-16” (33-40 cm) Exercise Requirements 22-35 lb (10-16 kg) Grooming Dense, hard weatherproof coat of medium length. Any typical hound colour or AB combination of colours. Niddrie Barbara, Shaggylane Perm Reg’d. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Box 8, Site 26, RR 1, DeWinton, AB T0L 0X0. (403) 938-2259; bniddrie@telus.net

QC Dovmar Reg’d, Diane Newman. Montreal, QC. (514) 488-1966; dovmar@sympatico.ca

The new Bedlington Terriers were exceptional game dogs that didn’t tolerate other dogs interfering with their work. Their speed and versatility endeared them to poachers, and the breed is still sometimes called the “gypsy dog”. When introduced to the show world, breeders developed the dog’s characteristic lamb-like clip. Personality Versatile and intelligent, the Bedlington Terrier can learn to do just about anything. He is intensely loyal to his people, though this can change to protectiveness if he feels his family is threatened. With great spirit and a playful charming nature, the Bedlington is said to have the heart of a lion in the body of a lamb. Appearance 15-18” (38-45 cm) 17-23 lb (7.5-10.5 kg) Crispy, thick and linty coat, with mixture of hard and soft hair that stands away from the body. Tendency to curl, particularly on head and face. Topknot. Blue, blue and tan, liver and tan, sandy, sandy and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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History Primarily used as a rabbit-hunting dog, the Beagle may have been around since 430 BC, when Xenophon referred to a small hound that hunted hares by scent and was followed on foot. During the time of Henry VIII, the Beagle was small enough to be carried to the hunting ground in a sleeve or saddle bag. This small size was impractical, however, and the use of Beagles in hunting greatly declined by the reign of Elizabeth I. The breed was kept alive by the farmers of southern England, where the dogs were favoured for their skill at hunting rabbits.

Bedlington Terrier

BEDLINGTON TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BEARDED COLLIE

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BEAGLE

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BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG

History Known worldwide as the Belgian Gorenendael, the Belgian Shepherd is the most popular of the four breeds of Belgian Sheepdogs. The name comes from the village of Gorenendael in Belgium, where the Belgium breeder and restaurateur, Nicholas Rose, refined this noble breed. Belgian herding dogs have existed for centuries, but the breeds were not distinguished from one another until the 1800s. These black herding dogs found their calling in World War I when their sharp instincts and intelligence proved useful for finding wounded soldiers, detecting bombs, and carrying messages to the front lines. They have since been used in police and detective work, search and rescue, and as service dogs for the blind and people with special needs.

History One of four types of Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog (also known as the Berner Sennenhunde), was a working animal, commonly seen driving livestock or hitched to a cart and pulling goods to market. The breed likely originated from the crossbreeding of Mastiffs, brought to Switzerland by the Romans, with local herding dogs.

BICHON FRISE

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Belgian Shepherd Dog

BELGIAN SHEPHERD DOG

As technology improved, working dogs were no longer necessary, so the breed saw a significant decrease in numbers in the late 19th century. In 1892, a group of Swiss nationals founded a breeding colony in an effort to preserve the Swiss Mountain Dog. The breed was imported to North America in the 1930s and has gained popularity over Personality The hardworking Belgian the years. Shepherd was born to serve, and loves having a purpose in life. Typically utilized by Personality A very loyal dog, the Bernese professionals for his detective skills and keen Mountain Dog is an even-tempered fellow who nose, he is also a loyal family dog. Sensitive and makes an excellent family dog. He is a good intelligent, he does much better with a gentle, watchdog with a teddy-bear personality. This positive approach rather than stern guidance. dog is slow to mature, and retains his playful Quick to learn, the Belgian Shepherd excels at personality as he grows. As a working breed, agility sports and activities, and is suitable for the Bernese Mountain Dog benefits from having a job. someone who leads an active lifestyle. Appearance 21-26.5” (53-67.5 cm) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg)

Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) 80-110 lb (36-50 kg)

Long, black, double-coat with straight guard hairs. Undercoat is soft, wooly, and dense. Will occasionally have white markings on outercoat. Collarette around neck.

Long, thick soft coat, slightly wavy or straight. Undercoat varies according to the season. Tricolour (black, white, tan).

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History It’s difficult to track the history of many “small white dogs” since they thrived around the world, but the Bichon Frise is thought to have its origins with the Bichon Tenerife, named after one of the Canary Islands off the coast of Spain. Sailors in the region became enamoured with the breed and often took the dogs with them when they sailed. In France, the Bichon Frise was popular with Royals, including King Henry III of France, who was said to carry his Bichon in a tray-like basket that he hung from his neck with ribbons. During the French Revolution, however, the dogs were tossed out on the streets, where the breed’s intelligent and playful nature made it a natural performer for organ grinders and circuses. The Bichon Frise was threatened during the World Wars, but a group of French breeders got together in the early 1930s to define and protect it and in 1956, a French couple brought their breeding Bichons to North America. Personality A bubbly and happy dog, the Bichon Frise is a delightful companion to have around the house. He is quite attached to his owner, and loves to be the center of attention. A gentle nature and good manners make him suitable for a variety of homes. Appearance 9-12” (23-30 cm) 7-12 lb (3-5.5 kg)

PUREBRED

“Dogs have a way of finding the people who need them, and filling the emptiness we didn’t ever know we had.” – Thom Jones

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Coarse curly outercoat with soft dense undercoat. White. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Herman, Suzanne. 53859 McGregor Road, Rosedale, BC V0X 1X1. (604) 794-7119; hermans@universe.com


History This tracking breed is a descendant of the Bloodhounds brought to colonial Virginia to help farmers rid their land of raccoons. Thought to have been crossed with American Foxhounds, the combination produced a powerful, alert dog with the stamina to hunt prey all night long. The Black and Tan Coonhound’s trademark long ears help capture and retain scent, enabling it to drive quarry up a tree and hold it there until hunters arrive (called “treeing”). Determined and courageous, Black and Tan Coonhounds hunt bears, deer and even mountain lions. They continue their reputation as exceptional trackers.

BLACK RUSSIAN TERRIER

BLOODHOUND

Ch. CKC, Ch. UKC, Ch. CFC What a WonderfulGirl Iz Teremka, TT, CGC, aka Glasha, 5 y.o. Beauty along with excellent, OFA tested, health and stable working temperament. Bred/Owned by Svetlana (Lana), Iz Teremka Reg’d.

History The Bloodhound can trace its ancestry to the Norman conquest of 1066. Originally from Belgium, the Schweisshund was crossed with Talbot Hounds and Southern Hounds to produce this superb tracking dog with the distinctive voice. This “king” among scent hounds was used by nobility to hunt stag. The name Bloodhound refers to the owners’ high status. The Bloodhound appeared on the English Kennel Club’s first register in 1873, and over a century later, it is still renowned for tracking criminals, fugitives and missing people.

Bloodhound

BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND

Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-100 lb (29-45 kg)

History During the 1930s, the Russian military searched for a large terrier-type dog to become a part of their national security force. They started the Red Star Kennel, dedicated to locating suitable breeds and combining them to produce the perfect military dog. While the Second World War delayed their efforts, the experiment, which involved crossing some 17 different breeds, eventually produced a suitable large, tough and agile dog they Personality Lots! Extremely affectionate, sensitive – even shy, the Bloodhound needs named the Black Russian Terrier. Red Star maintained exclusivity of the breed company. An aristocrat who is not above until 1956, when second and third generation being a clown, he makes a loyal family dog. puppies became available to private breeders. Bloodhounds can be a challenge to train, Black Russian Terriers remain uncommon because following a scent is their priority! A contained yard will keep him from outside their native Russia. following his nose into uninvited territory. Personality The Black Russian Terrier is a calm confident dog who is loyal to Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 80-110 lb (36-49.5 kg) his people, yet aloof with strangers. He is highly intelligent and takes well to training, 3 colours: black and tan, liver and tan, and though early socialization is necessary to red. White marking acceptable on chest, feet curb over-protectiveness. Outdoors he is and tip of tail. Facial wrinkles and loose upper a happy bouncy fellow, while indoors he lips (or flews). is content to relax and follow his family around the house. The Black Russian Quick Facts Terrier is very attached to his people and Exercise Requirements Grooming does not do well if left alone.

Dense short coat – and true to his name – black with tan markings.

Appearance 25-31” (64-77 cm) 80-143 lb (36-65 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Hard, rough, ample broken outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Moustache and beard. Black or black with grey hairs. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Iz Teremka Reg’d. Dedicated to the breeding of Black Russian Terriers by developing and preserving the best qualities of the old working Siberian bloodlines. We are not only home of many Champions, but more important, we produce healthy dogs with great stable temperament to fit your family needs. (613) 531-6207; lanaloch@ icloud.com; www.izteremkabrtkennel.dog (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

BOLOGNESE

- See Rare Breed Directory

legend PUREBRED

Personality A consummate Southern gentleman, the Black and Tan Coonhound is a sociable dog of stable temperament. He is an intelligent, faithful dog who enjoys a country lifestyle with lots of activity. As he is bred to work with other scent hounds, the Black and Tan Coonhound is not aggressive with other dogs or people. He can be excited, but off the trail, he is a mellow companion – kind and confident.

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Border Collie

BORDER COLLIE

History Sheep herding was a significant occupation in the border country between Scotland, England and Wales. When Romans introduced herding with dogs, herders began selecting canines for the task and interbred a variety of specialized breeds to produce the best working sheep dog, generally called a Collie. In 1894, a dog named Old Hemp, who was considered the ideal sheep dog, became the founder of what is now known as the Border Collie. Prized for his trainability and “eye” (the hypnotic way he stares at sheep to will them to move as desired), the Border Collie was imported to North America in the early 1900s and proved himself an essential working farm dog. Personality Considered one of the most intelligent breeds, the Border Collie can think for himself and is first and foremost a working dog. He needs mental stimulation to be happy, whether working with sheep or in obedience and agility trials. Because of his herding instinct, a Border Collie tends to herd anyone and everyone around him. This makes him more appropriate for older children. Appearance 19-22” (48-56 cm) 30-45 lb (12-20 kg) Double coat that varies in length. Outercoat can be long, medium or short. Innercoat is short and dense. All colours and mixes of colours acceptable: black and white, blue and white, chocolate and white, red and white, blue merle, tricolour (black, tan, white). Regular exercise, training and socialization ensure confidence and maturity in later life, and helps temper the Border Collie’s energetic spirit.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Hollowshot Border Collies, Maxine Netherway. I am a Breeder of Merit with the American Kennel Club and bred Show Champions, Working dogs and sports dogs all successful in their field, for the pet home they have a wonderful temperament and known for there off switch. Hastings, ON. (705) 933-4811; hollowshot@yahoo.ca; www.hollowshotbordercollie.com

Marley Border Collies. With eight generations and over 30 years’ breed experience for quality, health, temperament and training. Always available for help and advice. Please visit my website. (519) 529-7142; marleysheepdogs@ hurontel.on.ca; www.marleysheepdogs.com

BORZOI

BORDER TERRIER

History A common problem for shepherds in Scottish-English border regions were foxes and other sheep-stealing animals. To counter this problem, they needed a dog fast enough to keep up with these animals but small enough to get into their dens. Concerned farmers from the Northumberland valley of Coquetdale worked to breed a dog longlegged enough to course with horses, yet short enough to be able to go to ground. These dogs were originally called Coquetdale or Reedwater Terriers after the locales where they lived and worked. They have the same ancestry as other terriers in northern England, and were hunted alongside Border Foxhounds. Border Terriers came to North America in the early 1900s. Personality Like most terriers, the Border Terrier is a big dog in a small package. He is tough and full of energy while hunting and working, but calmer in the home than many other types of terrier. Obedient and affectionate, he is a pleasant family dog. Appearance 11-16” (28-50 cm) 11-16 lb (5-7 kg) Wiry, broken-looking outercoat with short dense undercoat. Black and tan, grizzle and tan, red, wheaten. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History This speedy and agile dog has origins dating back to the early centuries of Russian history. Used to course wolves, foxes, and hares in the open Russian terrain, the modern Borzoi is the result of a Russian Duke’s efforts to create a fast, durable hunter by crossing Arabian sighthounds with native coursing hounds and shepherds. Since the Borzoi had to rely more on sight than scent while hunting, the dogs needed to be light and quick on their feet as well as intelligent and independent thinkers. The Russian aristocracy was particularly fond of the Borzoi due to its exotic and elegant appearance. Unfortunately, this meant that the breed was a target during the Russian Revolution and was almost eradicated. However, the breed has since regained its popularity and is a favourite at dog shows. Personality The Borzoi often behaves more like a cat than a dog. Quiet, dignified, and agile, he is self-aware, independent and fond of refined behaviours. You won’t usually find him engaging in rough or boisterous play but he can be quite affectionate and extremely loyal. His stubborn streak is just his way of communicating that he wants to be treated like an intelligent being capable of making good decisions. This trait dates back to having to think quickly while hunting in open terrain. The Borzoi loves to give chase and is even more beautiful when in full stride, but is happy with daily walks or runs in enclosed areas. Appearance 26-33.5” (66-85 cm) 60-105 lb (27-47.5 kg)

Silky outercoat is long. Can be wavy, flat, or curly. Undercoat is soft and dense. Curly frill ON around neck. Long legs and body. Variety of Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, Sandy colours and patterns. Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. sandy@wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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History As its name suggests, the Boston Terrier originated in Boston, Massachusetts. A product of crossing Bulldogs with Bull Terriers, the Boston Terrier was originally bred for dog-fighting and bull-baiting. In fact, Boston resident Robert C. Hooper purchased an English Bulldog in the mid-1800s for this very purpose. When these sports were banned, those who loved the breed worked to redefine the Boston Terrier. A stable breed with a “gentlemanly” temperament was produced. Then known as the Round-Headed Bull and Terrier, the breed did not acquire its current name until 1891. Since then it has remained a highly popular dog. Personality Although the Boston Terrier’s ancestors were bred for fighting, he is now known for his docile, biddable temperament. He is intelligent and can adapt to any living situation he finds himself in. While he enjoys a good romp, he’s not overly active and is happy to exercise by following his people around the home.

BOXER

Selectabull Reg’d, Dwayne Delaurier. Over 15+ years striving for health, quality and temperament. Our mission is to enhance our breed through selective, quality breeding and home placement. (613) 625-2534; selectabull_67@yahoo.com; http://selectabull.net

BOUVIER DES FLANDRES

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Sassy Kennel Reg’d

from our Champion lines. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-6781; sassykennel@gmail.com; www.sassykennel.com

Boxer

BOSTON TERRIER

History In the plains of Flanders, Belgium, people needed a dog that could do it all. The Bouvier was expected to herd and drive cattle, act as a watch and guard dog, kill vermin, pull a cart, and be a family companion. By 1910, there were four different varieties of Bouvier in Flanders. Because of their brave and willing spirit, Bouviers were used as messenger and ambulance dogs during the First World War, but the breed was decimated and only preserved through the efforts of Belgian army veterinarian, Captain Darby. By the end of the war, the four varieties of Bouvier had been combined, creating the Bouvier des Flandres. The dogs continued their military duties in the Second World War, where their keen noses made them suitable for scenting land mines and ammunition dumps.

Sam Cooke is one of our studs. Sam is a good active father that makes beautiful babies and teaches them manners. Our Boxers are made with love. Sam loves his Babies!! Bred/Owned by Michelle Haig, ABC Ambato Boxers of Canada Reg’d.

History The Boxer’s ancestors were called Molossians; they were large, strong dogs used by the Assyrians in battle thousands of years ago. A cross between Bulldogs and the small Mastiff-type Bullenbeisser, which was used to bait bulls, hunt and pull carts, the true Boxer was born in Germany in the late 1800s. Bred to be a capable fighting and hunting dog and protector, the Boxer is a versatile breed used as a messenger, pack carrier, attack dog and guard dog throughout World War I. Canadian and American soldiers were attracted to these brave handsome dogs and brought them home to North America. Today, they work well as service dogs and excel at obedience.

Personality The Boxer is a high-spirited dog who loves to get physical when playing. Possibly named for his tendency to use his feet while roughhousing, the Boxer is brave and willing to take on any challenge. Despite his energetic nature, he remains a Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) loving family dog who’s good with children, 15-25 lb (7-11.5 kg) and adores his people. Because he can be suspicious of strangers, it is important to Short smooth coat. Black or brindle with white markings. Arriving in North America in the 1920s, these socialize him well when young. versatile dogs also work as seeing-eye dogs, Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) Quick Facts therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs, police 55-70 lb (25-32 kg) Exercise Requirements dogs and more. Grooming Short shiny coat that lies flat against the body. Personality Big and initially intimidating, the Fawn, brindle. May have white markings, ON Brenheather Reg’d. Champion lines, quality Bouvier des Flandres is actually a loyal family black mask. home-raised puppies occasionally. (613) 476- dog. He is even-tempered and loves his people. Quick Facts His keen nose and intelligence mean he can 7587; (613) 822-0509; terrym@kos.net be trained for a variety of jobs, and he loves to Exercise Requirements Chadklier Perm. Reg’d, James Reath. work. It is important he is well socialized and Grooming www.

HORNERBROOK Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@kingston. net; www.hornerbrook.com

has basic training when young; his large size ON can make it more difficult when he matures. A B C Ambato Boxers of Canada Reg’d. Ambato Appearance 23-28” (59-70 cm) 60-100 lb (27-45 kg)

Tousled-looking, weatherproof double coat. Outercoat is thick and rough. Innercoat is Sassy Kennel Reg’d, Sharon Hicks. Our goal is soft and thick. Moustache and beard. Shades to produce Bostons true to the standard. We ranging from fawn to black. May have white have been breeding Bostons for 3 decades. markings. Home raised for companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Registered with the CKC. Our puppies are well socialized

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Boxers is proud to offer you top quality boxer puppies CKC Reg’d. Also occasional adults for adoption. Our Boxers are made and raised with love. They are home raised. We have the whole Boxer family to meet them. 10 years life expectancy guaranteed. Boxers are our passion. Visitors Welcome. 32573 Feeder Road W., Wainfleet, ON L0S 1V0. (905) 899-1179; boxerlady@live. com; www.ambatoboxers.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

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(519) 287-2770; reathjj@gmail.com; chadklierbulldogs.com


BULLDOG

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

said to be a cross between the traditional Bulldog and the now-extinct White English Terrier. After blood sports were banned, breeders focused more on the dog’s temperament and appearance. James Hinks was instrumental in developing the breed as we know it today – his pure white dogs were also known as “White Cavaliers” and were popular as both show dogs and pets.

Personality He looks intimidating, but the Bull Terrier is actually a friendly, easygoing and sometimes clownish breed. History Big, bold and intelligent, the Briard He loves affection and attention and is an ancient breed of herding dog born in makes a good family companion. He History Truly a symbol of Britain, many France. History is full of praise for this hardy requires lots of excercise. believe the Bulldog dates back to the Molossian breed. Famed personalities like Charlemagne, Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) dog brought there by the Phoenicians in the Napoleon and Thomas Jefferson promoted 45 lb (20.5 kg) 6th century BC. Others suggest the Bulldog the Briard. The Briard was a superb sheepdog, and his bravery made him an ideal Close, flat coat; white or white with coloured descended from a butcher’s dog called the Alaunt. Wherever he originated, the Bulldog working dog for the French war effort – so markings. much so that he was named the official dog Quick Facts is the result of centuries of breeding for bullof the French Army. Though the need for Exercise requirements baiting. While the Bulldog’s features may sheep-herding dogs has declined, the Briard Grooming seem unusual compared with those of many remains a distinct and well-loved breed. other dogs, each characteristic was specifically Personality The Briard is known for having BULL TERRIER (MINIATURE) chosen to make him the premier fighter in a strong, unique personality. Described as the bull-baiting ring. having “a heart of gold wrapped in fur”, he After bull-baiting was banned in the 1800s, the is an intelligent, sensitive dog who needs a Bulldog lost popularity and might have died consistent and caring person. With good socialization and considerate training, he out if a group of concerned breeders hadn’t makes a loving companion. Briards love worked together to save the breed. The first children, have a strong sense of justice, and Bulldog club was formed in 1864; it defined enjoy having a job to do. the breed and began efforts to preserve it. Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) Now the Bulldog, also known as the English 65-100 lb (29-46 kg) Bulldog, is a kind companion and a symbol of Long, hard shiny outercoat, slightly courage and tenacity. wavy and lying flat against the body. Fine History In 1835, when blood sports were tight undercoat. Moustache and beard. banned in England, Bull Terrier breeders Personality With his history as a fighting Black, shades of grey, tawny. May have sought to redefine the breed, making it a dog, the Bulldog’s kind and gentle personality tractable family pet. While the tiniest might come as a surprise. He is a loving pet who white markings. examples of the breed eventually died out, craves his family’s attention. Though protective Quick Facts both the full-sized Bull Terrier and the in nature, he loves children and usually gets Exercise Requirements Miniature Bull Terrier were welcomed into along well with other family pets. Overall he is Grooming the home. Miniature Bull Terriers were an easy-going dog who quickly charms with his recognized as a distinct breed in 1991. steady temperament and friendly face. BRITTANY SPANIEL Personality Energetic and full of childlike - See Spaniel (Brittany) curiosity, the Miniature Bull Terrier Appearance 12-16” (30-40 cm) 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) requires lots of exercise and stimulation. BULL TERRIER He loves his family and is protective in Short, straight flat coat. Brindle, piebald, nature. Consistent training and good red, fawn, fallow, white. socialization will keep him from becoming jealous or overprotective of his people or Quick Facts things. While he will adjust to most types Exercise Requirements of family situation, he needs to keep active Grooming and wants to be a part of everything. Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Briard

PUREBRED

BRIARD

Appearance 10-14” (25-35 cm) 23-35 lb (11-16 kg)

Short, flat glossy coat. Solid white, may have markings. May come in other solid colours History The Bull Terrier originated in with markings. England in the 1800s and was bred for bull baiting and dog fighting. This Quick Facts distinctive-looking dog, which initially Exercise Requirements came in a variety of colours and sizes, is Grooming 124

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ON Chadklier Perm. Reg’d, James Reath. (519) 287-2770; reathjj@gmail.com; www.chadklierbulldogs.com


History Poaching was an ongoing problem in England throughout the 19th century. The gameskeeper needed a strong silent dog that could find and take down a poacher without savaging him. The solution was to cross the Mastiff, a powerful, trustworthy, loyal and brave dog, with the Bulldog, a tough, tenacious no-fuss animal. The result was the “Gameskeeper’s Night Dog” or Bullmastiff.

History Originating on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, the Cairn Terrier was bred as a hunter of vermin. The rocky land sheltered numerous badgers and foxes, and a small hardy dog was needed to brave the stony cairns and remove the pests. The breed has been around for some 500 years, and developed along the same timeline as the West Highland White, Skye, and Scottish Terriers.

As poaching became less of a problem, the need for Bullmastiffs waned. But interest in this powerful yet calm-natured dog continued. People held contests in which a man would be given the chance to try to outwit a Bullmastiff. The man received a sizeable head start, but the result was inevitable. He would soon be knocked down and held to the ground by the valiant dog, only to be released when the dog’s handler arrived on the scene.

The breed was first exhibited in 1909 when it was called the Short-Haired Skye Terrier. Breeders of the pre-existing Skye Terrier objected and the dog was renamed after the rock piles he hunted among, becoming the Cairn Terrier. They came to North America in 1913, imported by Mrs. Henry F. Price.

Personality The Bullmastiff is still used as a guard dog and family pet. His highly stable temperament and ability to tolerate discomfort make him surprisingly safe around children. Loyal and protective, he bonds closely to his family. Because he is such a large dog, training at a young age is essential, as is good socialization. Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 90-130 lb (41-59 kg) Short hard coat, lying flat to the body. Black muzzle. Brindle, fawn or red. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Personality Like most terriers, the Cairn Terrier is an active dog, full of joie de vivre. He loves to play outside, but it’s best to keep him on leash or confined in a fenced space, since he will happily chase squirrels and other “quarry” when you least expect it. An alert, intelligent dog, the Cairn learns very quickly and was bred to be an independent thinker. He can get bored easily so keep him busy and invest in some early training since he can be a bit stubborn in that department. The Cairn adores the companionship of his “people”, and his sweet nature and kind heart make him a beloved member of the family. He gets along well with other bigger dogs at home, though some individuals may tend to give four-legged strangers a little “talking to”. Again, socialization and training as a puppy will give him a good foundation. The Cairn is affectionately known by breed fanciers as the “best little pal in the world.” Appearance 9-12” (24-31 cm) 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg) Mid-length, harsh, weather-resistant outercoat. Short furry undercoat. Cream, wheaten, red, grey, nearly black. Brindling acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON Magisterial Cairn Terriers Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Cairn Terrier puppies are well socialized, highly intelligent, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are extremely hearty and healthy, are temperament tested, and very eager to learn when they enter their new homes! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Cairn Terrier puppies will be crate trained and will come home with our exclusive Magisterial 5-year health guarantee and puppy pack, health insurance policy, CKC registration, microchipped, and much more. Magisterial Cairn Terriers are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, or hunting. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Roblin, ON (613) 453-1773; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www. magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier Club of Canada. This is the National breed club for lovers of the versatile Best Little Pal in the World. Visit our website for more information about this lively companion and consult the list of our Canadian breeders. www.cairnterrierclub.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

WHAT’S A PUREBRED DOG? IN CANADA, A PUREBRED DOG IS DEFINED AS “A DOG OF PROVEN LINEAGE THAT IS REGISTERED BY AN ACCEPTED REGISTRY.” IF YOU’RE BUYING A PUREBRED DOG, REMEMBER THAT, UNDER THE “ANIMAL PEDIGREE ACT”, THE DOG MUST BE ENTITLED TO REGISTRATION PAPERS. CanadianDOGS.com

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

CAIRN TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BULLMASTIFF


History An ancient breed, the Canaan Dog is the product of natural selection rather than human intervention. There’s evidence the breed existed in pre-Biblical times. When the Jews were dispersed from their homeland the dogs remained, reverting to a wild and feral state until the 1930s. When Dr. Rudolphina Menzel was asked to develop a dog to guard the kibbutz, she selected native wild dogs of a “collie type”, tamed them and created the Canaan Dog. The breed proved highly intelligent and versatile, and was used as a mine detection, sentry and messenger dog in the Second World War. Canaan Dogs were first brought to North America in the late 1960s. Personality Highly intelligent and trainable, the Canaan Dog is quite versatile to different situations. Because of his long history as a feral dog, he tends to be somewhat independent and wary of strangers, barking to warn his family of danger. However, he is devoted to his people and loves to play. He thrives on having a job to do and is a fun, loving companion. Appearance 19-24” (48-61 cm) 35-55 lb (16-25 kg) Short to medium-length straight outercoat. Straight, short flat-lying undercoat. Slight ruff. Sand to red-brown, white, black or spotted. May have mask.

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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CANADIAN ESKIMO DOG

CANE CORSO

Photo: Arctic Ice Reg’d

Canaan Dog

CANAAN DOG

History Accompanying the Inuit people during their 12th century migration through the Canadian Arctic, the Canadian Eskimo Dog hauled, carried, hunted and protected. Such willing performance made the robust sled dog crucial to Arctic explorers through the ages. By the 1950s, though, snowmobiles, other technology and weakening bloodlines had taken their toll. It took funding by the Canadian Kennel Club, the Canada Council and private donations to save the Canadian Eskimo Dog from extinction. After enduring in a harsh environment for centuries, the Canadian Eskimo Dog remains a breed fighting for its survival. Personality His long connection with humans has made the Canadian Eskimo Dog affectionate and gentle with people he loves, but he can be aloof with strangers. His independence, determination and heightened response to stimuli make him suited to an adult-only home.

History A direct descendant of the Roman Molossus Mastiff, the Cane Corso is a guardian dog whose name comes from the Latin “cohors”, meaning guardian/ protector. Used to hunt large game, drive cattle and protect the family, the Cane Corso held popularity in Italy for centuries. But as large game dwindled and farmers turned to more modern technology to move their herds, the need for the Cane Corso disappeared, and so did the breed. In the 1970s, Italian dog fanciers searched the country, seeking good examples of the old Mastiffs, and began reconstructing the Cane Corso breed. Arriving in North America in the 1980s, the breed is slowly gaining a reputation as an excellent guard dog and family companion.

Personality First and foremost a protector, the Cane Corso bonds closely with his family, particularly young children. He is alert and naturally suspicious of strangers, and can readily judge when he should be protective, or when he should back down. His steady temperament and eager-to-please Appearance 19.5-27.5” (50-70 cm) attitude make him a pleasure to train. Early 40-88 lb (18-40 kg) socialization and training allow him to learn Thick hair with dense undercoat. All white to assess people and situations. or all red, buff, cinnamon, grey or sable Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) 84-110 lb (38-50 kg) with white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Short, stiff shiny outercoat. Light undercoat. Black, fawn, red, blue, chestnut. Brindling allowed. May have eye mask or white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


It wasn’t until the 1920s that an American, Roswell Eldridge, began searching for the longer-nosed flatter-skulled breed so often portrayed in portraits of Kings Charles I and II. His efforts were successful, and the new breed of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized in 1946. Personality A long history as a noble lap dog has made the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel particularly well suited as a companion. With enough size to enjoy a good romp alongside his owner, the Cavalier is a happy dog who is ready to greet everyone with his ever-wagging tail. He is not overly active, enjoying cuddle time as much as walks. Appearance 12-13” (30-33 cm) 11-18 lb (5-8 kg) Long silky coat, straight or with a slight wave. Feathering. Colours: Blenheim (chestnut on white), tricolour (black and tan markings on white), ruby, black and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Bohshar K-9’s, Sharen Sztym. Breeding for quality, temperament and soundness. Genetic tested and guaranteed/Home raised. Four colours. Shipping Available. Box 8, Site 3, RR # 1, Rocky Mountain House, AB. T4T 2A1. (403) 729-2625; bohshar@yahoo.ca, www.bohshar.com ON Beal, Lorelei, Country Care Cavaliers. Healthy, correct puppies of German lineage. 8019 Hwy 7, Guelph, ON N1H 6H8. (519) 823-5839; countrycarecavaliers@live.ca; www.countrycarestables.com

CHIHUAHUA (LONG)

CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER - See Retriever (Chesapeake)

Chihuahua (Long)

EUROPEHEART CAVALIERS REG’D. All colours, high quality puppies, health guaranteed, with proof of health and show history for all our breeding dogs going back 4 generations plus. We are members of CKC and European CKCS Club with happy customers across Canada and US. Niagara Falls, ON (905) 384-1865; www. europeheart.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

CESKY TERRIER

History The long coated Chihuahua’s history is the same as the Chihuahua’s until after the breed reached the United States. There, breeders sought a softer fluffier dog and decided to cross the short-coated Chihuahuas with established long-coated toy breeds such as the Papillion, Pekinese, Pomeranian and Yorkshire Terrier. The result was a dog with the same spunky personality as the short-coated variety, but in a fluffier package. Like his smooth History In his search for a mild-tempered counterpart, the long coated Chihuahua is terrier that still excelled at hunting, one of the world’s most popular breeds – Czechoslovakian geneticist Frantisek Horak both also rank as the smallest breeds in North America. bred together a number of terrier breeds, including the Sealyham, Scottish Terrier and Personality A truly tiny dog, the long Dandie Dinmont. The result, in 1949, was the coated Chihuahua loves to be with his Cesky Terrier. While his narrow head and person at all times. He’s a great lap dog, and chest made it easier for the Cesky to enter happily trots around the home, following burrows, his friendly, well-mannered attitude his family. Because of his size, this breed gained him a reputation as a good family maybe a bit timid with loud and active dog. The Cesky Terrier was shown for the children, and supervision is a good idea. Good socialization is important for a wellfirst time in 1959 and since then has been rounded individual. utilized as a hunting dog, guard dog, show Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) dog, and beloved family companion. 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) Personality This versatile breed excels at a Soft, silky, flat or slightly wavy coat. Neck ruff. number of tasks. The Cesky is often a winner Any solid colour with or without markings. at terrier den trials and loves playful, sporty activities. As well, the Cesky is a devoted family Quick Facts Exercise Requirements member and makes an excellent watchdog. Grooming This friendly pooch is good with children and happy to be around family and strangers alike. ON The well-mannered, enthusiastic Cesky is also Miso Chihuahuas Reg’d, Paula Race. (519) a pleasure to train. This dog strives to please 770-9901; info@misochihuahuas.com; www.misochihuhuas.com and will not disappoint. Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) 13-22 lb (6-10 kg) Long, soft coat often with a silky sheen. Slightly wavy, with beard around muzzle. Non-shedding coat. Colours include light

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History Bred originally as hunters, toy spaniels became companions to royalty in the 1500s. In the 1600s, Kings Charles I and II both took a liking to the adorable little dogs, and were often portrayed with toy spaniels at their sides. During the Victorian era, people fell in love with the higher skulls and shorter noses of oriental breeds, and selectively bred spaniels to Pugs and Japanese Chin, producing the King Charles Spaniel, or English Toy Spaniel.

coffee brown and grey-blue, with yellow, grey, or white markings.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Can Ch. Imonty Filip Z Usedlosti Ujezdec. Breeding all colours for health and type. Bred by Jundra Diblikova, Z Usedlosti Ujexdec Reg’d. Owned by Mila Bosche, Europeheart Cavaliers Reg’d. Niagara Falls, ON. www.europeheart.com

Cedar Creek Reg’d, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes after 8 weeks; dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. We breed all 4 colours and were featured on the Pick a Puppy show. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1. (519) 925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels.ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL


CHINESE CRESTED

Photo: SassyTails Reg’d

Chihuahua (Short)

CHIHUAHUA (SHORT)

Can.Am Ch. Hilaire’s Mr. Cher Whisper. Chihuahuas of Distinction. Owned by Edna St. Hilaire, Hilaire Perm. Reg’d.

History Theories about the Chihuahua’s origins abound. Some believe this tiny breed’s predecessors date back to ancient Egypt. The most likely theory is that it developed from a Mexican breed known as the Techichi, and was used in religious ceremonies as far back as the 16th century. Other theories suggest that dogs imported from China were interbred with native breeds, or came with Spanish traders. Whatever their history, Chihuahuas as we know them were discovered in the Chihuahua region of Mexico, gained popularity in Mexico City in the late 19th century, and shortly thereafter were brought to the United States via Texas where they were developed into the modern Chihuahua.

History Hairless dogs existed wild in many of the hottest parts of the world. The Chinese Crested is likely descended from an African variety of hairless dog called the African Hairless Terrier. Chinese sailors took these dogs on ships to take care of the vermin. As they sailed around the world, the dogs were traded at various ports, soon establishing populations of Chinese Cresteds throughout the known world.

Not all Chinese Cresteds are hairless. In fact, the gene that allows for hairlessness is an incomplete dominant gene that is lethal when homozygous (two copies of the gene). Long-haired Chinese Crested dogs are known as Powderpuffs. Both varieties can be found within the same litter Personality The Chihuahua is a tiny dog with due to the nature of the genes involved. a huge personality. He is lively and alert, playful and affectionate. Quick to bond with his human, the Chihuahua hates to be left on his own. Personality A lively playful dog, the Because he is so small, he is nervous of large or Chinese Crested is a lovable and loving quick movements, and tends to be easily startled. family companion. Because of a tendency Early socialization is essential to make sure he is to be timid with strangers, it is important to socialize him at an early age. He is not overly stressed by strange situations. moderately active, trotting around the home Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) to follow his people. His longer-than-usual 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) feet, known as hare feet, allow him to grip Soft, glossy short coat. Neck ruff. Any colour. toys and “hug” his people with an unusual grip when held Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Appearance 9-13” (23-33 cm) Grooming under 12 lb (5.5 kg)

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BC Hilaire Perm. Reg’d, Edna St. Hilaire. A respected name. Home of Multi BIS/BISS, Can. Am Int’l Record Winning Champions. Quality for the most discriminating. Founder and President of The Chihuahua Club of Canada. All Breeds Judge - International. New Westminister, BC. (604) 521-0922; hilaire@shaw.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

health testing, as well as BAER for hearing, patellas and heart certifications. Our puppies are raised in our home and socialized with love. Our goal is for our dogs to provide loving companionship to their new family. Hélène Bélanger. (416) 414-6014; e-mail contact preferred: sassytails@rogers.com. Web site: www.sassytails.com, we are also on Facebook. Windwater Reg’d, Shauna Gray. We breed for health and soundness from top quality European bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised puppies available occassionally to approved homes. Puppies are prd-PRA and PLL clear through testing or by parentage. Puppies are vet-checked, vaccinated and microchipped and a written health guarantee is provided. Powder puffs and hairless. (905) 252-0822; shaunalg@ yahoo.com; www.windwaterkennels.com

CHINESE SHAR PEI

History Named for its sandpaper-like coat, the Shar-Pei is an unusual breed that originated in China some 2,000 years ago. He was used for a variety of tasks including hunting, guarding and herding, and was prized as a fighting dog. The rough texture of his coat made him hard to grip, his loose folds of skin allowed him to turn on his opponent even when solidly held, and his tiny eyes and ears were protected from harm.

When China became a Communist country, dogs were not considered a valuable commodity and the Shar-Pei Hairless: silky flowing hair on head, tail, nearly died out. Dog lovers appealed to American breeders to rescue the breed feet. Powderpuff: long, straight silky in the 1970s. The Shar-Pei’s unique outercoat; short silky undercoat. Any appearance and rarity drew attention, colour or combination of colours. and soon the breed made a comeback in North America. Quick Facts

Personality With his cute and cuddly appearance, the Shar-Pei easily works his way into people’s hearts. But his guard dog background makes him cautious, so ON he requires good socialization at an early SassyTails Reg’d. We are responsible hobby age. Calm and steady in nature, he is an ON Miso Chihuahuas Reg’d, Paula Race. Breeder of breeders who focus on health, temperament independent fellow who loves his people, Long and Smooth Coats with puppies available and structure to provide lifetime companions but is aloof with strangers. Positive training occasionally. Our dogs are raised as family to loving families. Our Chinese Crested dogs and active socialization make him a happy members and we are proud of their exceptional have competed successfully in conformation and enjoyable family member. temperaments. Visit our website at www. misochihuahuas.com; info@misochihuahuas.com; (519) 770-9901

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Exercise Requirements Grooming

and various other canine sports. We are also very proud of our dogs involved in therapy work. Dogs selected for our breeding program undergo yearly eye tests (CERF) and DNA testing with Pawprint Genetics for all available

Appearance 17-20” (44-51 cm) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Harsh straight coat with sandpaper texture. Can be short and bristly (horse


companion. He is kind and affectionate, and thrives on affection and activity. He needs plenty of outdoor exercise, so is best suited to homes with a bit of space around them.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Appearance 22-26” (56-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22.5-35 kg)

CHOW CHOW

Can. Gr. Ch. Exc./ Am. Ch. Mi Pao’s Thor, CGN MBIS, Top Winning Chow Chow for Canada 2012,2013 & 2014. Bred/Owned by F. Paul A. Odenkirchen (Int. Master Breeder) Mi-Pao Kennels Perm. Reg’d. Waterdown, ON. www.mipao.com

AB ChowRidge, Reg’d, Cyndi Eldridge. CKC registered. Bred for temperament, health & longevity. Specializing in red and black, rough coat. Sound puppies, Champion parents. Our chows are amazing companions for any household. Ownership/Breed information package available for people considering this special breed who have not experienced the joy of living with a wonderful chow! Box 129, Cayley, AB T0L 0P0. (403) 395-3767; chowridge@hotmail.ca ON Mi-Pao Perm Reg’d, Minnie & Paul Odenkirchen. Canada’s oldest and consistently successful Chow Kennel since 1957. Providing Breeding, Companion and Show stock to over 30 Countries. We specialize in reds, blacks and creams of the long coated variety, with emphasis on soundness and affectionate disposition. 705 Parkside Dr, P.O Box 863 Waterdown, ON L0R 2H0, (905) 335-1712; mipao@sympatico.ca; www.mipao.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC PRAIRIE WYND COLLIES CKC Registered, hearty healthy happy Rough Collies for show and pet companions. Breeding dogs have been Genetically tested to ensure puppies have the best possible chance of living full healthy lives and most of them have Canadian and American Champions in their pedigrees. We breed for health, temperament and beauty. Collies are intelligent, gentle, eager to please and faithful. They excel as Therapy Dogs, Agility, Herding, Flyball, etc. and are devoted partners. Contact: Shirley Klassen; 604-768-4646; ebonypearl@shaw.ca; www.prairiewyndcollies.ca

COLLIE (SMOOTH)

Personality Truly a one-person dog, the Chow bonds solidly to his chosen person, and may remain a bit aloof with others. He is loyal and dedicated, and benefits from positive and consistent training. The Chow Chow is a natural guardian and loyal protector. Appearance 17-22” (43-56 cm) 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Rough: abundant dense outercoat that stands off the body, wooly undercoat. Neck ruff. Smooth: hard, dense smooth outercoat with definite undercoat. Red, black, fawn, blue, cream. Blue-black tongue and lips.

History Developed centuries ago as a herding and guarding dog, the Collie is thought to be named after the Scottish black-faced sheep he protected, called Colleys. Two types developed - the Rough Collie and Smooth Collie. Both ancient Romans brought to Britain, and were working dogs until Queen Victoria took has been documented in writings dating an interest in them in the 1860s and brought as far back as the 1300s. Used primarily for them to England. Smooth and Rough Collies herding down through the centuries, the share the same lineage and breed standard, but Rough Collie became popular in England in 1830, show breeders wanted a more elegant when Queen Victoria brought some of dog with an elongated head, and crossed the the dogs back from Scotland. The Rough breed with the Borzoi, leading to a separation Collie is best known in North America of work and show lines. The Smooth Collie from the books by Albert Payson Terhune remained the favourite in England; in North and the subsequent Lassie movies and America, the Rough Collie’s popularity grew popular television show, which premiered in the 20th century thanks to the Lassie movies in the 1950s and ran for 20 years, forever and television shows. immortalizing this distinctive breed. The Rough Collie is distinguished from his cousin Personality Like the Lassie of television fame, the Smooth Collie is a brave and loyal by his abundant and luxurious outer coat. dog, whose intelligence makes him seem to Personality Loyal and easy to train, read his owner’s mind. He is highly sociable, the Rough Collie is a wonderful family and excellent with children and other pets. Collie (Smooth) continued on page 130.

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History Perhaps one of the oldest breeds, the Chow Chow may have existed as early as the 11th century BC. These dogs were used as hunting, draft, guard and flock dogs. The thick CLUMBER SPANIEL fluffy coats were prized for warm clothing. - See Spaniel (Clumber) For many years, the Chow Chow was never seen outside China. But around 1780, COLLIE (ROUGH) sailors smuggled some dogs among their cargo and exported them to Europe. Not knowing what to call the dogs, they used the generic name for all assorted cargo: chow chow. The unusual nature of the Chow Chow made it a spectacle in England, and the breed was displayed at the London Zoo as the “Wild Dog of China”. Queen Victoria saw the dogs there and decided to keep some as pets. The Chow Chow gained its popularity in North America during the roaring 20s, when the dogs became an addition to the History This Scottish native is thought to homes of several movie stars. have originated with the herding dogs the

Straight, harsh, abundant outer coat with short smooth hair on head and legs. Soft dense undercoat. Sable and white, blue merle and white, sable merle and white, tricolour and white with coloured markings.

Collie (Smooth)

coat) or long and thick (brush coat). Quick Facts Weekly grooming and careful monitoring of folds is required. Solid and sable Exercise Requirements Grooming colours. No white. Blue-black tongue.


Appearance 20-26” (51-66 cm) 40-75 lb (18-34 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

COTON DE TULEAR

COTON FIELD FIRST KISS COTON FIELD BBIS, BIS, CKC GR CH. AKC CH. Also winner Westminster Kennel Club in New York 2018. Breeding the best to the best! Just add LOVE! Welcome to our Coton de Tulear family in Abbotsford, BC. Bred/Owned by Diane Benaroch, Coton Field Coton de Tulear.

BC Cotonfield Coton de Tulear. COTON FIELD FIRST KISS BISS, COTON FIELD BBIS, BIS, CKC GR CH. AKC CH. Also winner Westminster Kennel Club in New York 2018. DNA tested, health tested. Loving companions and show puppies at times. Health, temperament, beauty, JUST ADD LOVE! Call me to find out if this breed is for you. (604) 856-6627; benaroch@ telus.net; www.cotonfield.com (See our Breed Ambassador at left.)

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE LONG-HAIRED)

History A German breed, the Dachshund was bred to be a hunter, followed on foot by his handler. The long sleek profile typical of the breed allows him to get inside the burrows of his prey. Miniature-sized Dachshunds were primarily used to hunt rabbits and similar small prey. The Long Haired variety may have originated from the selective breeding of longer-haired individuals. Others suggest that breeders incorporated Field Spaniels into their breeding programs, thus adding a longer softer coat to the sleek long-bodied dogs. Whatever their origin, Long Haired Dachshunds are prized for their elegant appearance.

History The royal dog of Madagascar, the Coton de Tulear is likely a combination of small Bichon-type dogs brought there by Portuguese and Spanish sailors in the 16th century. They were favoured companion dogs of the wealthy. They weren’t well known until 1853 when French dog fancier and governor of Fort Dauphin, Etienne de Flacourt, recorded the small mostly white dogs. He named them Coton, for their cottony texture and colour, and de Tulear, for the coastal city where they Personality Fun-loving and easy to get along were said to originate. with, Dachshunds do well in a variety of homes. The dogs were then imported to France, With their short legs and small size, Miniature where the breed standard was set in 1969. Long Haired Dachshunds do well as apartment Coton de Tulears didn’t arrive in North dogs. Like most scent hounds, Dachshunds like America until 1974, and they quickly gained to follow their noses, and are likely to investigate any interesting holes in the ground. popularity as a lap dog. Personality Adorable and affectionate, the Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 Coton de Tulear makes a wonderful family cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg) pet. He is sociable and gets along well with children and other animals. Highly bonded Double coat with soft straight or wavy to his people, he doesn’t like to be left alone. outercoat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured He responds well to positive training, though (black, chocolate, grey or white with he does have a stubborn streak at times. rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled The Coton de Tulear is a capable watchdog (brown, grey or white background with who will let his people know of any possible irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red intruders or unusual activity. or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). 130

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020

puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five year congenital health guarantee. Most colours including cream and white piebalds. Give us a call and come and meet all the dogs. 8435 Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G 2K0. (519) 638-3445; shadyrillcb@gmail.com; www. bournecrest.com Polonez, Wojciech & Margaret Krzewski. Home-raised, fun-loving, affectionate and well socialized healthy puppies occasionally available to approved homes. Mississauga, ON. (905) 615-8566; gosia.wojtek1988@gmail.com Sniffntell Perm. Reg’d, Shirley Thompson. Ch. lines. Beautiful Creams BC.BT, Reds. Good Temperament Guaranteed. Conformation, Show and Pet. Woodstock, ON. (519) 5390658; sthompson@execulink.com; www. sniffntellkennels.com

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE SMOOTH)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Alert and conscious of his family’s safety, the Collie is a good watchdog. Lots of exercise and activities to occupy his mind help keep Quick Facts him relaxed and happy. With training he can Exercise Requirements participate in nearly any canine sport, and he Grooming makes an excellent therapy dog.

Short, hard dense outercoat. Soft, dense furry undercoat. Sable and white, tricolour, blue merle and white. May have white and/or tan markings.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Thick, supple single coat. Cottony texture. Grooming Slightly wavy. White ground colour, also black, ON grey, yellow, tricolour and white markings. Bournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Coton De Tulear

Collie (Smooth)

Appearance 10-12” (23-28 cm) 8-13 lb (3.5-6 kg)

History All Dachshunds originated in Germany, where they were used as go-toground hunting hounds. Different sizes specialized in different prey, with larger dogs pursuing badgers and smaller ones going after rabbit and hare. To differentiate Dachshund sizes, the Germans measured the circumference of the dog’s chest. A smaller chest meant the dog could pursue smaller prey; the smallest were called rabbitsized. In North America, we do not recognize the rabbit-sized dogs, and measure their sizes by weight rather than girth. The Miniature Smooth Dachshund is the small version of the original Standard Smooth Dachshund; it’s believed these “minis” were developed by breeding together smaller-than-usual Standard Dachshunds. Personality A bright and friendly family favourite, the Miniature Smooth Dachshund may be small, but not in personality. He has plenty of energy, though his short legs make it easy to keep him well exercised. Because he was bred to be a hunter, it is important to remember that he loves to follow a scent, and will dig if he finds something interesting in the yard. Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg) Smooth, shiny short coat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate,


Personality With his short legs and cheery tail, the Dachshund is sure to bring a smile to his people. He is loyal and loving, though he does have a bit of a stubborn streak at times. Like most small breeds, the Dachshund can be a bit snippy with children, but if well socialized does very well with them. He also loves to follow his nose and may attempt to “hunt” in the yard, digging at interesting holes.

Careanuff Reg’d, Tammy L. Brown. ALL my Dachshunds LIVE in my home. Pups are BORN in my Bedroom and come to you Pre-Spoiled, Socialized and Loved. Choose from a Variety of Colours and Patterns. I look forward to filling your Arms, Heart and Home with the Pitter Patter of little Dachshund feet!! Newbury, ON N0L 1Z0. (519) 695-6596; careanuff@hotmail.ca; www.careanuff.webs.com

Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg)

from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health and conformation. Reservations recommended as we only breed occasionally. Actively participating in the conformation, earth dog and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0; (905) 920-3987; longears@yahoo.ca; www. disguisedachshundleonberger.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History Born to hunt, the Dachshund was bred in Germany to go to ground after burrowing prey such as badgers. Miniature varieties were used to hunt rabbit and hare, which their larger cousins couldn’t reach. Its popularity in North America declined during the First and Second World Wars, when its German origins caused people to turn against the breed. The wire-haired variety of Dachshund was the last to be developed. It

DACHSHUND (STANDARD SMOOTH)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE WIRE-HAIRED)

Short, smooth, odourless and shiny coat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

DACHSHUND (STANDARD WIRE-HAIRED)

Double coat with uniform short harsh outercoat. Beard. Solid (red, cream), twocoloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey, or white background Disguise Reg’d, Tanya McCarthy. Pre-spoiled with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, and pre-loved beautiful dachshunds, raised in red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with our home as part of our family. Breeding only darker striping).

Sniffntell Perm. Reg’d, Shirley Thompson. Ch. lines. Beautiful Reds. Good Temperament Guaranteed. Conformation, Show and Pet. Woodstock, ON. (519) 539-0658; sthompson@ execulink.com; www.sniffntellkennels.com

Appearance 8- 9” (20-23 cm) 12-32 lb (5.5-14 kg)

Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired)

ON Bournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five year congenital health guarantee. Most colours including chocolate and dapples. Give us a call and come and meet all the dogs. 8435 Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G 2K0. (519) 638-3445; shadyrillcb@gmail.com; www. bournecrest.com

this fearless fellow, who may find himself following his gifted sense of smell if given the opportunity. Regular exercise will keep the Dachshund happy as well as trim. This is a breed that does well in the city or the country.

History Named for their prey, the “dachs” or badger, the Dachshund is a hardy hunting dog from Germany. The breed was selected for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into narrow holes in the ground. The dog’s long floppy ears protected the ear canals from dirt when going to ground, and his long wavy tail signaled his location while hunting, and offered a grip should he become wedged in a hole. The Standard Wire-Haired Dachshund was created by adding Terrier blood to produce a spunky dog with a more weather-resistant coat. Personality Big personality in a little body certainly describes the Dachshund. A happy, sometimes opinionated fellow, he is an affectionate and cheerful member of the family. His history as a hunter makes it important to socialize him with cats or small pets, though he will accept them as family if introduced at a young age. Outside, the Dachshund likes to follow his nose and dig when things smell interesting. Overall he is an easy-going family pet who is happy to be with his people.

History Believed to be the original ancestor of the other Dachshund breeds, the Standard Smooth Haired Dachshund hunted badger and fox from as early as the 16th century in Germany. A true terrier, the Dachshund was bred for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into the holes of its prey. When Prince Albert introduced the breed to Britain, confusion over the translation of “hund” caused it to be classified as a hound, and the Dachshund Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm); chest circumference has remained in that group ever since. 14” (35 cm) Personality Friendly, alert and outgoing, 11-20 lb (5-9 kg) the high spirited Dachshund makes a good watchdog as well as a great companion. Double coat with uniform short harsh Because of his Terrier qualities, he likes to outercoat. Beard. Solid (red, cream), take charge of situations, so early, consistent two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or training, lots of patience and early socialization white with rust-brown or yellow markings), is important. A fenced yard will help contain Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired) continued on page 132. CanadianDOGS.com 131

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isn’t certain whether the wire hair came from selective breeding, or if hard-coated Terriers and Pinschers might have been added to the bloodlines. Either way, the breed’s Terrier-like looks combined with its Dachshund body shape appealed to North Americans and has helped increase its popularity in recent years.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).


Dalmatian

dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

DALMATIAN

CH Lacrima Christi Chasin Dreams at TR aka Neko. Imported from Croatia. Owned by Salena Morrill, Winterspear Kennels in Lloydminster, AB. Spots for show, sports, and loving families. www. WinterspearKennels.ca

History The Dalmatian has been known in Europe since the Middle Ages and takes his name from Dalmatia (now a part of Croatia), where the earliest records of the breed exist. His origin is unclear, although some histories portray him as a gundog, a herding dog, a draft dog, a guardian and a ratter.

PUREBRED

When the Dalmatian made his appearance in England in the 18th century, he became immensely popular as a carriage dog, accompanying the aristocracy’s ornate conveyances and horses around town and on long treks through the countryside. He could also be found in the stables of the working class, and in fire stations with horsedrawn water wagons. The four-legged “siren” would help clear the streets by running ahead of the wagon barking. When the Dalmatian arrived in the New World (the U.S.), he automatically endeared himself to firefighters, and no station was complete without one of these spotted mascots. Personality Intelligent and enthusiastic, with lots of joie de vivre and a good demeanour. Socialization, positive training and an abundance of exercise make this athletic fellow a happy, loyal companion. Appearance 21-24” (56-61 cm) 53-70 lb (24-32 kg) Pure white with black or liver coloured spots, ranging from a dime to half-dollar in size. Short, sleek, dense and glossy coat. Quick facts Exercise requirements Grooming 132

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AB Echo View Dalmatians Perm Reg’d. is a small, dedicated, well-established show/breeding facility, a division of Spotted Gait Ranch near Leslieville, Alberta, Canada. We strive for the perfect harmony of elegance, balance and expression while maintaining conformation, intelligence, temperament and health. Breeding stock is OFA certified, including but not limited to BAER tested, hips and eyes. We have now introduced the LUA (Low Uric Acid) Dalmatians into our breeding program. We have in-home raised puppies occasionally for show, obedience, performance or for just plain lovin’. Retired adults are sometimes available and we provide information always. Our Dallies are house pets and companions first. We are proud to raise these highly intelligent, beautiful, devoted & loyal dogs since 1991. Location: Leslieville, Alberta, Canada. (403) 729-2227; jbh@echoview. ca; www.echoview.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Winterspear Kennels Reg’d CKC registered lines from Canadian, European, and Australian champions. Parents titled in show and performance. All OFA requirements for CHIC certifications. Puppies are raised on the Puppy Culture methods, BAER tested, and evaluated on temperament, conformation, and health by certified professionals. Lloydminster, AB. Find us on Instagram, Facebook, or contact us directly! winterspeardals@gmail.com; www.WinterspearKennels.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

DANDIE DINMONT TERRIER

Personality Intelligent, loyal and adaptable, the Dandie Dinmont is at home in city or country. He is protective, with a loud bark for such a little dog. Good with children, he can be independent and distant with strangers. Early training and socializing will reinforce his natural responsiveness and serenity. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) 18-24 lb (8-11 kg) Non-shedding coat. “Pepper” (light grey to blue-black) or “mustard” (light fawn to reddish brown), his distinctive top-knot is always white. Round head. Expressive “liquid” eyes. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

DEERHOUND (SCOTTISH)

Am. & Can. CH Caretta’s Marcus, BPISS, (ASFA) FCH, Multi Group Placements, conformation, performance, but most of all companion. Bred/Owned by Susan Trow, Caretta Reg’d. Lac Superieur, QC.

History The regal Scottish Deerhound has a centuries-old history with Scottish landowners, developing as a descendant of the most northern types of British Greyhounds known in the 18th and 19th centuries as Highland Greyhounds or rough Scotch Greyhounds. These rough haired Deerhounds were traditionally used to hunt the 250-300 pound Highland Red deer by coursing over treacherous rocky heath and hill country. Today, Deerhounds are primarily companions and family members. Their grace, dignity, and beauty have been faithfully depicted by numerous artists over History First-named of the terrier breeds, the years, including Sir Edwin Landseer. the Dandie Dinmont hails from the rugged Novelist Sir Walter Scott was also a fan, border country between England and describing the Scottish Deerhound as “the Scotland. Local farmers developed the most perfect creature of Heaven”. fearless little dog to root out badgers and Personality Calm, dignified, devoted otters. Jealously guarded by a limited and gentle-natured, the mature Scottish number of owners, the sturdy breed Deerhound makes an excellent family pet performed without any specific name or when its exercise needs are satisfied. While pedigree until it was immortalized in their large size might intimidate some, the literature. Writer Sir Walter Scott was so Scottish Deerhound is neither a barker nor charmed by these affectionate little dogs a watchdog, and is far too kind hearted to that he incorporated them into his 1812 be a guard dog. Not surprisingly, he loves to novel, Guy Mannering. The book’s main run and needs a securely fenced yard or a character, a farmer named Dandie Dinmont, safe place to exercise off leash. owned a whole family of the terriers, and soon the breed became as famous as the Appearance 28-32” (71-81 cm) 75-110 lb (34-50 kg) book. Queen Victoria owned and bred “Dandie Dinmont’s terriers”. Coat is harsh, shaggy and close-lying with some beard and moustache. Dark blue-grey and


Ultrasound’s Titanium. Best of winners at the Doberman Association Specialty 2018. Bred/Owned by Ron McCartney, Ultrasound Reg’d.

History Karl Freidrich Louis Dobermann was a tax collector in Germany during the mid-1800s. Tax collectors were understandably not well liked, and the job was very dangerous. To keep himself safe, and to make his job easier, Dobermann decided to produce a large Pinscher-type dog who could work by his side. By combining a variety of breeds such as the German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Weimaraner, German Pinscher, Greyhound and Manchester Terrier, he produced a dog that was lean, brave, loyal and decidedly protective. The breed was recognized as the Doberman Pinscher by 1900. Over time, the Doberman’s brave and intelligent nature has made him an excellent working dog. He has been used for police work, search and rescue, guiding, guarding and much more. He is a favourite of the military. While he was originally bred to have a fierce temperament, modern breeders have selected for level-headedness and responsiveness. Personality Today’s Doberman Pinscher is a far more tractable dog than Herr Dobermann’s original breed. He is intelligent and loyal, and dedicated to his person. Bred to be a working dog, the

Short, smooth hard coat. Black, red, blue or fawn with rust markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. 44 years of dedication, breeding for longevity. Health tested. Quality and temperament-plus, brains and beauty. Canadian and American bloodlines. Show and companion prospects. Written health guarantee. Puppies occasionally to responsible homes. Best of Winners at the Doberman Association Specialty 2018 (Ultrasounds Titanium) RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. Home (519) 794-3456; Cell (226) 668-6031; ultrasoundkennel@gmail.com; www.ultrasoundkennels.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) QC Mont-Dobe enr. 1985 Perm. Reg’d, Jocelyn Bourdeau. Éleveur de dobermann européenn depuis 30 ans, les au Québec, issue des meilleures lignéees européennes, norden stamm Langenhorst, linenhof, stivenhage, royalbell, de kalhan, inside devil nos reproducteurs recents. Petite élevage de très haute qualité. Une portée par année. (450) 883-5045; itca@sympatico.ca

Appearance 11-16” (28-40 cm) 32-34 lb (14-16 kg) Thick but short coat with denser areas on neck, back, and back of thighs. Large, long, well-proportioned head with drop ears. Short legs similar to a Dachshund’s and long, bristly tail. Colours range from fawn, black or black/tan, always with white patches on face, feet, neck, chest and tail. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

DUTCH SHEEPDOG -See Shapendoes

DUTCH SHEPHERD DOG

DREVER

History A hunting dog with Swedish roots (“drev” means “to hunt” in Swedish), the Drever is a descendant of the Westphalian Dachsbracke from Germany – another hound dog of similar temperament and short-legged stature. The Drever is known for its first-class nose, and for being a powerful tracker that excels at driving game toward the gun. Recognized as a Swedish breed in 1953, the Drever is considered a rare breed in North America, though it remains one of the most popular dogs in its native Sweden.

History In the early 1600s, when much of the Netherlands was devoted to sheepherding, the Dutch Shepherd Dog excelled at tending to flocks. But as sheep farming diminished, so did the breed itself. In the last few decades, however, dedicated Dutch Shepherd breeders have kept this smart and active dog thriving at farm work and, more extensively, at police and guard duty. Because of the popularity of his German Shepherd cousin, the Dutch Shepherd is considered a rare breed in North America. Personality Alert and quick to learn, the Dutch Shepherd Dog does best with early training, followed by ongoing pursuits such as agility, field training and herding. He is exceedingly smart and requires ongoing mental and physical challenges. Dutch Shepherd Dog continued on page 134.

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Appearance 24-29” (61-72 cm) 70-99 lb (32-45 kg)

Photo: Westarr Perm. Reg’d

well socialized puppies occasionally available. My breeding is done with careful consideration for health, temperament, conformation and performance, from North American, Scottish and Australian bloodlines. Lifetime owner support. Une elevage deliberee avec les chiots disponibles occasionnelement. (819) 6885697; strow@sympatico.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Personality Described as both tenacious and industrious, the Drever lives for work, and often wants to continue hunting long after his owner is finished. Despite its strong mentality, the Drever can be calm and friendly, and is notorious for his constantly wagging tail. Always alert and ready for action, this breed requires plenty of exercise and socializing to keep him physically and mentally stimulated. That being said, apartment life isn’t necessarily a writeoff, as Drevers are independent and can occupy themselves indoors between walks, provided their activity needs are adequately met. Since the Drever can be somewhat headstrong, consistent positive training is important from an early age.

Dutch Shepherd Dog

various shades of grey brindle prevail with the Doberman does best when he has a purpose, old original colours of yellow, sandy red or and excels at obedience and police work. red fawn with black points now lost in time. He remains a protective individual who serves his owner with a dedication few other Quick Facts breeds can match. Exercise Requirements Grooming As a household companion, the Doberman Pinscher is good with children and other QC Caretta Reg’d, Susan Trow. Dedicated to the dogs if socialization and regular exercise is breed I have loved for many years. Homeraised, provided from an early age.


Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Dutch Shepherd Dog

thrives when given lots of attention. The Entlebucher is a perfect breed for ENGLISH SPRINGER someone who can be a positive leader and - See Spaniel (English Springer) wants an active canine companion. With socialization, they are usually good with EURASIER children, strangers, and other dogs.

Naturally protective, loyal and tireless, this is a dog best paired with a strong, confident, Appearance 16.5-19.5” (42-50 cm) 55-65 lb (25-29.5 kg) active owner. Male is longer than the square-shaped female. Appearance 22-24.5” (55-62 cm) Soft, fluffy chest and blaze, with smooth, 65-67 lb (29.5-30.5 kg) shiny outercoat. Undercoat is soft and dense. The Dutch Shepherd looks much like a Muscular, sturdy body. Symmetrical tricolour German Shepherd, but with three different markings are black, white, and tan, or black, weather-resistant coat variations: short- white, and yellow. Can also have brown, white, and yellow markings. haired, long-haired or wiry/rough-haired. Black with streaks of gold and grey. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming History The Eurasier is a recent breed Grooming Shorthaired Long and Wiry/Rough-haired whose development is credited to Julius ENGLISH FOXHOUND Wipfel of Germany. He crossed the Wolfspitz (Keeshond) with the Chow ENGLISH COCKER SPANIEL Chow, known for his calm, affectionate and - See Spaniel (English Cocker) independent yet loyal nature, and called the resulting dogs Wolf-Chows.

ENGLISH TOY SPANIEL - See (King Charles Spaniel)

ENTLEBUCHER MOUNTAIN DOG

PUREBRED

SPANIEL

History When stags grew scarce in the 13th century, aristocratic English hunters turned to pursuing the quick and clever fox. Tracking hounds of the original Bloodhound type lacked enough speed and agility for this livelier chase, so astute breeding produced the lighter and more sure-footed English Foxhound. Records of specialized Foxhound kennels date back to History Originating in the valley of 1696, with 50 more kennels established in Entlebuch in Switzerland, the Entlebucher the next five decades. is the smallest of the four Swiss This handsome breed made its way to North Sennenhunds (mountain dogs). Like all of America in the late 18th century and was the Sennenhund breeds, he is thought to be descended from the large Molossers the predecessor to the American Foxhound, brought to Switzerland by the Romans in Coonhound and other scent hounds. the first century B.C. This hardy Alpine Personality The archetype pack animal, the breed was used primarily for herding cows, English Foxhound is a congenial creature. but also occasionally for hogs and horses. As affectionate as he is, the Foxhound may The Entlebucher was recognized as a not always suit a family home. His lineage separate Swiss Mountain Dog breed in the late 1800s, and received breed club status gives him a powerful instinct, and for this reason, training should start in puppyhood. in 1926. Ancestry almost always ensures that the Personality This strong-muscled, English Foxhound may be happiest in a independent, confident dog is happiest pack, running daily to keep fit for the activity when he is providing work for his family. he loves: the chase. Give him a job to do and he’ll gladly come through! The naturally bob-tailed Appearance 23-25” (58-64 cm) Entlebucher is highly-intelligent and has 65-70 lb (29.5-31.5 kg) the ability to be well-focused, so positive training from an early age is important. Short, dense, glossy coat. Black, tan and Adventurous and determined, this dog is white colour in any combination. a great companion for outdoor activities, Quick Facts sports, hiking, and long city strolls. This Exercise Requirements friendly dog is devoted to his family, Grooming and despite being quite independent, 134

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Some breeders chose to select more for type, neglecting temperament. When these lines were culled from the breed, the remaining dogs became too inbred. To correct this, Wipfel crossed his dogs to Samoyeds because of their friendly temperament and natural vigour. The Zuchmeinschaft für Erasier was founded in 1973; the name was changed to Eurasier, reflecting the combination of European and Asian breeds. The Eurasier was recognized by the CKC in 1995, but remains unrecognized in the United States. Personality The primary goal of Wipfel’s breeding program was to produce a Spitz with a consistently excellent temperament. The resulting even-tempered, friendly, intelligent and calm-natured Eurasier is a supreme family dog. He is neither timid nor aggressive, though he can be aloof with strangers. At home he is deeply attached to his family, and hates to be left alone. Because he was always intended as a companion, the Eurasier does not need a lot of exercise, though regular walks are a necessity to keep him healthy and fit. Appearance 19-24” (48-60 cm) 39-71 lb (18-32 kg) Medium-length, harsh loosely-lying outercoat. Thick undercoat. All colours and colour combinations except pure white, white patches or liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


FINNISH SPITZ

Finnish Spitz

FINNISH LAPPHUND

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History The Finnish Lapphund originally hunted reindeer and provided protection for the Sami people who lived above the Arctic Circle. When the semi-nomadic tribes established settlements in a region that included parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and northwestern Russia, this Spitz-type dog turned from hunting reindeer to herding them. As reindeer declined, the Lapphund was invaluable in herding cattle and sheep.

History Originating in Lapland (the northern regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia), the Finnish Spitz, also known as the Lapinkoira, was a hunting dog who tracked large prey such as bear and elk. For many years the breed remained pure, but as technology and transportation improved, Lapland dogs spread southwards and interbred with local dog populations. Crossbreeding deteriorated the breed so much that by 1880 the Lapinkoira was In the 1940s, Finnish breeders established nearly extinct. Finnish breed fanciers standards under the dog’s original name, searched the northern regions for the Lapponian Shepherd Dog. The name purebred examples of the breed, and by encompassed both long- and short-haired the 1890s began a concerted effort to types. Currently, it is the long-haired breed recreate the pure Finnish Spitz. we identify as the Finnish Lapphund, or the The original dogs were used to hunt Lapinkoira, as it’s sometimes called. large game, but modern Finnish Spitz are A familiar companion dog in Finnish primarily bird dogs. Called the “barking bird homes, the Lapphund’s worldwide dog”, he has a unique hunting style in which popularity is on the rise. he alerts hunters to where he finds the birds Personality The Field Spaniel’s sporting Personality The Lapphund’s strongest with a continuous bark, called a yodel. ancestry, coupled with an abiding love for trait is his tendency to herd. This is a dog Personality Reserved with strangers, yet “his people”, make the breed a desirable who likes to be in on the action, and as his playful and even clownish with friends, the family dog. Calm and affectionate, he is ancestors were capable of herding all day Finnish Spitz is a vocal breed who likes to also game for a romp. The Field Spaniel long, he thrives in an active environment. make his presence known. He is highly is intelligent, and adapts to an urban Courageous, faithful and intelligent, the loyal to his people, and can be protective or country setting. The Field Spaniel is Finnish Lapphund has an intuitive nature at times. Early socialization helps him feel sensitive, so early gentle training ensures that picks up direction almost before his comfortable with new people, though he will always show caution among strangers. his affection will extend to strangers. trainer supplies it. Like many hunting breeds, the Finnish Appearance 17-18” (43-45.5 cm) Appearance 16-20.5” (40.5-52 cm) Spitz is an athlete, and makes an excellent 35-50 lb (16-22.5 kg) 33-53 lb (15-24 kg) jogging companion as long as the weather Moderately long, flat or wavy coat. Glossy Dense, insulating double coat. All colours, isn’t too hot. with moderate feathering. with one colour dominating. Appearance 15-20” (39-51 cm) History For centuries, Spaniels have provided humans with companionship and performance. While smaller types enjoyed hearth and home, larger Spaniels flushed game from field and stream. It was only a dog’s size and job that determined a Spaniel “breed”. With the introduction of dog shows in mid-19th century Britain, breeders developed a more nuanced system. While some Spaniel types continued to work, the larger Field Spaniel found itself assigned to the show ring. The breed was a hit. But in trying to improve on perfection, breeders developed the well proportioned canine into an awkward, heavy headed dog. Health problems followed, and for a time, the breed fell out of favour. A century ago, committed breeders restored the Field Spaniel to his original build, sustaining the breed and meeting the standards that dog fanciers recognize and appreciate today.

Black, liver, golden-liver, mahogany red or Quick Facts roan. Tan markings acceptable. Exercise Requirements Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

15-35 lb (7-16 kg) Straight, long harsh outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Shades of reddish brown, golden red. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Fox Terrier (Smooth)

FLAT COATED RETRIEVER

FOX TERRIER (WIRE)

FRENCH BULLDOG

- See Retriever (Flat Coated)

FOX TERRIER (SMOOTH)

History The Fox Terrier has been around Best In Specialty Show/American/Canadian Grand since the early days of mounted fox hunts. Champion Karendon’s Keep Calm N’ Sip On. Siri Hounds were used to scent and follow prey, represents 17 generations of line breeding healthy History One of the original English terriers, but were not suited to taking the fox in its French Bulldogs with sound temperaments and extraordinary type. Bred/Owned by Karen Cram, the Fox Terrier has been ferreting out small den. For this, hunters would carry a Fox Karendon Perm. Reg’d. animals since the 1400s. When fox hunting Terrier in a sack or box as they rode, letting became the British aristocracy’s favourite him out when the fox had gone to ground History The Bulldog was very popular sport in the 18th century, hunters carried so he could pursue the fox into its den and in England during the 1800s. While the larger varieties were best for fighting, the compact dog on horseback, setting chase it out. many people preferred the smaller ones, him down when the prey took cover. The scrappy little dog was sure to go to ground – The breed existed for many years before which became much-loved house pets. The Nottingham region of England, and have something to show for it. In 1862, being defined in the late 1800s when dog known for its lace-making, was particularly the breed made its first appearance at a dog shows became popular. Two varieties were enamoured of these smaller Bulldogs. recognized – the smooth coated and wire show in the English manufacturing centre When the Industrial Revolution and coated Fox Terrier. The ancestry of each of Birmingham, thereby guaranteeing its economic downturn of the 1860s forced is likely different, with the Greyhound, place as “the working man’s” favourite. Beagle and Bull Terrier founding the lace-makers to move to France in pursuit The breed made its North American debut Smooth Fox Terrier, and the now extinct of work, they took their dogs with them. at the turn of the 20th century. Not long Welsh Black and Tan Terrier founding the These animals were then crossed with local afterwards, it was immortalized in the record Wire Fox Terrier. Despite their differing dogs, producing the breed now known as the French Bulldog. company logo for “His Master’s Voice”. origins, the two varieties were not Personality Scrappy, happy, plucky and recognized as separate breeds in North The French Bulldog became popular in North personable, the Fox Terrier’s compact size America until the 1980s. America in the 19th century. At that time, makes him a natural city dweller, providing Personality Alert and active, the Wire Fox both the English-style “rose” (folded) ears and he gets plenty of fun and exercise. True Terrier is a fun dog to have around the the newer “bat” (erect) ears were considered to his breeding, the Fox Terrier can be a home. He is a hunter at heart and should acceptable. American breeders greatly digger, which makes him a candidate for be watched with smaller pets that might be preferred the bat ears. Eventually they won out. early training. considered prey. Early socialization helps Bat ears are now the accepted breed standard. him become more confident and easy to Personality Cheerful and full of playful Appearance 14.5-15.5” (36.8-39.5 cm) manage when confronted with new people joie de vivre, the French Bulldog or Frenchie 15.5-18 lb (7-8 kg) and situations. He is quite intelligent is a wonderful family pet. He gets along and with positive training can do well in with everyone, including other pets. His Smooth, thick, hard coat. Mostly white with obedience or agility. The Wire Fox Terrier shortened muzzle tends to make him black, tan or ginger markings. gets quite attached to his people, prefers to snore and drool, and he shouldn’t be not be left alone for long periods, and can exercised heavily in hot weather. With Quick Facts his happy disposition and good-hearted be a bit of a barker. Exercise Requirements nature, he enjoys positive training and is Grooming Appearance Up to 15.5” (40 cm) generally an obedient soul. Up to 18 lb (8 kg) Appearance 12” (30 cm) Wiry, hard dense outercoat. Soft dense 22-28 lb (10-12.5 kg) undercoat. Mostly white with black, black Short, smooth glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, and tan, or tan markings. cream, white, brindle and white, brindle

legend

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

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SK Paigewyre Reg’d, Patricia E Garling. Quality homeraised puppies and adults occasionally for pet or show. Stud service available. Health guaranteed. 938 1st St, Estevan, SK S4A 0G6. (306) 634-1252; paigewyre@ sasktel.net; www.paigewyre.com

pied or black-masked fawn. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON HORNERBROOK Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@ kingston.net; www.hornerbrook.com


Nifty Reg’d, Kathy O’Drowsky. 933-4773; odrowsky@aol.com; niftyfrenchbulldogs.com

Short, dense, smooth close-lying coat. All solid colours ranging from fawn to stag red, black and blue with reddish-tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG

History One of the world’s best known breeds, the German Shepherd was created by Rittmeister Max von Stephanitz. In the 1890s, von Stephanitz sought to create a superb German herding dog. He selected the best dogs from local farm stock, and the result was the German Shepherd. When the need for herding dogs decreased, von Stephanitz continued promoting his breed by encouraging the military and police to use them. They did so well that 48,000 German Shepherds were enlisted in the German Army during World War I.

The German Shepherd’s intelligence and versatility have kept him popular, despite the boycotting of German breeds during the History Although he looks like a miniature First and Second World Wars. He now is used Doberman, the German Pinscher goes back for many purposes including police work, centuries and was the inspiration for Louis search and rescue, scent discrimination, Dobermann when he created his breed. The guide and assistance duties and military progenitors of the Pinscher were Terriers, too work. He is also a prized companion dog. large to chase prey underground but suited to hunting beaver, badger and otter. By the 15th Personality An intelligent and poised dog, century, the breed developed into the Rattler, the German Shepherd is prized for his which came in two varieties: smooth and quick-thinking, brave and observant nature. rough. The German Pinscher is descended He is easy to train, and loves to work. To stay happy, he needs regular exercise for both from the smooth Rattler. mind and body. German Shepherds make The breed was not recognized officially great family dogs, and do well with children. until 1879. Like many German breeds, the Pinscher nearly died out during the First and Appearance 21-26” (55-66 cm) 48-88 lb (22-40 kg) Second World Wars. In 1958, Herr Werner Jung undertook the effort of rebuilding Medium-length, dense harsh outercoat. the breed, searching Germany for good Thick undercoat. May have ruff. Most representatives of the Pinscher type. All colours accepted except white. Some modern German Pinschers are descendants breeders select for white shepherds and of Jung’s breeding program. promote them as a separate breed. Personality Always alert and at the ready, the Quick Facts German Pinscher is a multi-talented dog who Exercise Requirements needs strong leadership and a job to keep him Grooming happy. He is intelligent and assertive, quick to

AB Guardian Angels Shepherds Reg’d, Mary Ann Marcellus. Breeding for health & temperament. All European working lines with no American show lines. German Shepherds the way they used to be! Three generations on site. Specializing in strong, sound and courageous partners! Bowden, AB T0M 0K0. (403) 5563635; k9trainer@dogwhisperer.ca; www. myguardianangelshepherds.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) MottoPride Shepherds Reg’d, Sandi Evjen. We offer oversized Shepherds that are intelligent, smart, loyal loving companions. All pups come with a health guarantee. All breeding stock OFA’d. We live on 80 acres of grass and bush for exercising and training. Climate controlled kennel with large outdoor grass runs. We raise confident, happy, healthy, socialized puppies. Stony Plain, AB. 780-963-1697; sandi@ mottopride.ca; www.mottopride.ca

German Shepherd Dog

Appearance 1  7-20” (43-51 cm) 31-44 lb (14-20 kg)

(519) www.

Rosehall & Ashmoor Perm. Reg’d. Through education, promotion and dedication we are striving to produce the benchmark of French Bulldogs standard. Breeders, owners and handlers, Robert and Elizabeth Bennett and Jill Francis. Ebennett5@mac.com, jillfrancis@cogeco.ca

GERMAN PINSCHER

learn, and able to think for himself. German German Shepherd Dog Club of Canada, Pinschers do well in many dog sports, and Inc. Secretary - Tom Morgan. (613) 395-1182; benefit from early socialization. dawn@eagle.ca; www.gsdcc.ca

ON Abernot Linda, Winning Ways German Shepherd Dogs. Gorgeous, mentally and physically sound German Shepherd Dogs. OFA hips and elbows, genetically lab tested for DM and all GSD diseases for which testing is currently available. All our puppies and dogs are fed a raw natural diet for glistening coats and gleaming teeth. We carefully select West German Show lines and DDR working lines that have sound, family-friendly temperaments, proven producers of mentally and physically sound parents. All puppies temperament tested and carefully socialized with children, dogs, cats; mom’s teach how to use their dog door and potty outside; I teach them that meals only appear when they are sitting calmly and politely waiting. Five-year nose-totail guarantee, lifetime support. Over 30 years in the same location. 568 Old Goulais Bay Rd, Sault Ste. Marie, ON P6A 0B5. (705) 759-6366; winningways@shaw.ca; www.winningways.org Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 4413724 Cell; willysammi@hotmail.com; www. sanhedringermanshepherds.com Burgimwald Reg’d. Excellent temperament with high drive and happy disposition living on our forested 60 acre estate. Our dogs are from Germany’s top world famous bloodlines. Zamp, Farbenspiel, 14 generations of Trienzbachtal bloodlines and many more. All of our dogs are Canadian Champions. Home of champion dog, Diesel vom Burgimwald, co-star of CityTV’s Hudson & Rex. Our puppies are outstanding. Born and raised in our home puppy nursery. Puppy inquiries welcome. Barrie, ON. Young dogs and trained adults from Germany available occasionally. Call Erwin at (705) 333-8888; burgimwald@gmail.com; www. burgimwald.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

German Shepherd Dog continued on page 138. CanadianDOGS.com 137

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KARENDON PERM. REG’D., CKC MASTER BREEDER. For over 28 years and 17 generations, we have focused our select breeding program on health, temperament and type. Our Pedigrees represent the finest bloodlines in the world. In addition to being Canadian and American Conformation Champions, our Beautiful French Bulldogs are Best In Specialty Show, Best In Show, and Multiple Group Winners. They are always lovingly Breeder/Owner Handled in the Conformation Show Ring. Most importantly, our French Bulldogs are Amazing pets, with average lifespans of 12-14 years. Our French Bulldogs are always fed a whole food raw diet. (613) 752-2382 karen@karendonfrenchbulldogs.com www.karendonfrenchbulldogs.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)


German Shepherd Dog

to tone down their sometimes fiercely protective nature, producing an eventempered though still protective dog. This made North American Great Danes the most desirable in the world. Committed to Canine, Lucescu Reg’d. 100 % European Lines. Health Guaranteed. Puppies and adults for family companions, police and competition. (905) 386-6993; www.committedtocanine.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Lindenhof Reg’d, Charlie Schmidt. 50 years of experience training & breeding dogs. Stud service available. 804 Stewartville Rd, RR 2, Arnprior, ON K7S 3G8. (613) 622-5599; lindenhof@bell.net; www.lindenhof.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) SK Backstromhus Reg’d, Edith Norling. Bred for soundness, loyalty, athleticism and intelligence. Home raised puppies are good with children and make excellent companions. They do well in obedience, tracking and protection work. All breeding stock is health checked working or VA lines from Germany. Guarantee provided. Stud service and custom importing available. Saskatoon, SK (306) 653-2324; gnilrone@ sasktel.net; www.backstromhus.com

gentle with his flock, human or otherwise, but cautious with strangers. It is important to socialize Great Pyrenees at a young age. He has a tendency to want to patrol his territory, as he would livestock, so a well-fenced yard Personality Big, bold and a bit goofy, the or leash walks are essential. Overall he is a Great Dane is a loving dog who adores his serious conscientious family member who people. He is a leaner, preferring to be will protect his family with his life. right up against his owner, and if he had his Appearance 25-32” (63-81 cm) way he’d be a lap dog too. He enjoys going over 88 lb (female) or for long and often brisk walks, and without 100 lb (male) (40 kg or 50 kg) training can be difficult to hold onto once Long, flat thick outercoat. Dense wooly he gets going. Given his great size and independent thinking, it is important to outercoat. Neck ruff. White, white with grey, start training early, keeping sessions short badger, reddish brown, tan markings. and sweet. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Appearance At least 28” (71 cm) Grooming At least 100 lb (46 kg) Short, thick glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, black, ON Woolmarsh Perm Reg’d, Dr. Carol Graham. harlequin, mantle and Blue. Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8. Well socialized, home raised puppies occasionally Quick Facts from OFA certified parents. We also help with Exercise Requirements Great Pyrenees rescue for the Great Pyrenees Grooming Club of Southern Ontario. Inquiries welcome.

GREAT PYRENEES

(519) 853-3005; (519) 855-6439 Bus; (519) 8554408 Fax; woolmarsh53@gmail.com. (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement middle left.)

GREATER SWISS MOUNTAIN DOG

GOLDEN RETRIEVER -See Retriever (Golden)

GORDON SETTER - See Setter (Gordon)

PUREBRED

Can & UKC Woolmarsh Prestonfield Matisse. Bred by Dr. Carol Graham & Norma Eddinton, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. Owned by Dr. Carol Graham, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. 5039 Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8

History Born in the Pyrenees Mountains of France and Spain, the Great Pyrenees protected the sheep and cattle that supported native peoples. Brave, sure-footed and utterly reliable, these white giants cared for their History The Great Dane got his name charges like no others. In 1675, the French from an 18th century French naturalist Prince, later King Louis XIV, fell in love with who believed the breed originated a dog named Patou, who he brought home in Denmark and called it the “Grand with him when he returned to France. Other Danois”. In actuality, the breed was nobles wanted a dog like Patou, and the developed in Germany where it was called breed soon became known as the “Royal Dog the “Deutsche Dogge” or German Mastiff. This is a far more suitable name since the of France”. Great Dane likely descended from the The Great Pyrenees remained popular as a ancient Alaunt, a Mastiff-type dog depicted herder. He was also favoured as a guard dog. in tomb drawings as early as 2200 BC. Over In the mid-1600s, several Great Pyrenees were time, Irish Wolfhound and English Mastiff exported by Basque fishermen who brought bloodlines were likely added, giving the them to the Canadian Maritimes. There they breed added size. became founders for the Newfoundland dog. Strong and brave, the Great Dane was a war More recently, Great Pyrenees were exported dog for Germans and Celts, but over time, to North America in the 1930s, where they the Germans refined the breed, which gained new popularity among breeders. was so well loved that it was declared the Personality Bred to be a herd guardian, it’s national dog of Germany in 1876. By the mid-1800s, Great Danes were imported to no surprise the Great Pyrenees is a protective North America where breeders worked dog dedicated to his family. He is kind and 138

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

GREAT DANE

History The oldest of the four Swiss Sennenhund varieties, the Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a descendant of the Mastiff dogs used by the ancient Romans during their conquests. Swiss farmers used the dogs as guardians, herders, and as draft and butcher’s dogs. Despite being a popular allpurpose working dog, their numbers declined dramatically and by the late 19th century only a few remained. In 1908, a man named Franz Schertenleib rediscovered the breed and implemented a breeding program based on the recommendation from Dr. Albert Heim. In 1910 the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (aka “Swissy”) was accepted by the Swiss registry and the breed flourished once again. Personality This mellow breed makes for an ideal family dog. Patient, friendly, and intelligent, the Swissy is a good companion and a good guard dog without having aggressive traits. His consistent temperament makes him good with


Medium-length, thick outercoat with short, thick undercoat. Symmetrical black, white, and tan markings on face. Body is black with rust and white coloured markings. Soft, floppy ears. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

GREYHOUND

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

GRIFFON (BRUSSELS)

AB Manitoba Brussels Griffons, Maggie Blackman. CALGARY’S home of the Brussels Griffon. “Take the Rough with the Smooth” Over 25+ years in this wonderful people friendly loving breed. Pets and show prospects, all colours...Many Champions in Europe/Canada/USA. Manitoba Registered. (403) 271-9751; (403) 589-8956; brusselsgriffon@shaw. ca; www.griffsandchins.com ON Somershire Reg’d, Blanche Somers. We breed for quality, health and excellent temperament. Well socialized and home-raised from pups, we carefully breed from Champion bloodlines and produce show and loving family companions. We occasionally have smooth coats but rough coats are our specialty. Inquires welcome. (905) 478-8880, somershiregriffs@gmail.com; www.somershirekennel.com

History In the past, stable masters often GRIFFON (WIRE HAIRED POINTING) had problems with rats that thrived off spilled grain left by horses as they ate. To counter this problem, fierce ratters like the Affenpinscher were common in stables. These dogs came to be known as Griffon D’Ecurie, or Stable Griffons. Lively and friendly, they were often taken along for rides as the coachmen left the stables for their duties. Nobles saw these cute canine companions and soon took them into their own homes as pets. Over time, other breeds such as Pugs and Toy Spaniels were crossed History The Greyhound is one of the with Stable Griffons, giving them a higher world’s oldest breeds. It dates back to nearly skull and smaller size. Three varieties of 3000 BC when its image appeared in ancient coat and type developed: the rough red History Around 1870, a Dutchman named Korthals decided to create a sporting dog Egyptian carvings, although the first real became known as the Brussels Griffon. that could compete with English gun dogs. description of the breed didn’t appear until 43 BC, when an ancient Roman named Ovid The First and Second World Wars were Beginning with Griffon stock, which he hard on the Brussels Griffon. Fortunately, carefully inbred to set the traits he desired, wrote about these sleek hunting dogs. the breed was preserved in both Europe he then combined other sporting breeds The Greyhound has changed very little since such as the French Pointer, French Barbet, and in North America. those early times. These fast, streamlined German Short-Haired Pointer and various dogs were for royalty only, and originally Personality Distinguished by his human- spaniels and setters. The resulting dogs were used as sight hounds for hunting every type like face, the Brussels Griffon is a bright, strong, versatile and excellent birding dogs of game from hare to deer to foxes. It wasn’t confident and curious imp. He bonds that could point, track and retrieve their until just over 200 years ago that Greyhound strongly with his person and can be shy prey. Though slower than many other breeds coursing became popular. Greyhounds with strangers, so benefits from early of gun dog, the Wire Haired Pointing were brought to North America by Spanish socialization. Intelligent, affectionate and Griffon had the advantage of being easy to explorers in the 1500s and were among the sensitive, the Brussels Griffon needs an work in small farm fields. It also had the ability to track injured birds that ran, first dogs to be recorded at American dog owner who trains in a positive manner and ensuring the kill was not lost. The breed did shows in the late 19th century. Among the is attentive to his needs. well in Europe and gained a great following famous personalities who own Greyhounds in France, which is credited as its country of Appearance 7  -8” (18-20 cm) are George Washington and General Custer. origin. However, it did not gain popularity in 7-13 lb (3-6 kg) North America, where its slower speed didn’t Personality Beautiful, lean and lively, Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. Beard and suit the wide open regions frequented by the Greyhound is today mostly valued as a hunters. This dog is equally suited to companion animal. Not surprisingly, he’s moustache. Smooth: short, straight glossy retrieving on land or in water. the fastest of dog breeds and relies on sight coat. Black, red, reddish-brown, or black Personality A lover of the outdoors, the and speed to make his way through the with reddish-brown markings. Wire Haired Pointing Griffon is an active world. A safe space to run off-leash is key to Quick Facts dog who thrives on long walks in any kind fulfilling these natural drives. His intensity Exercise Requirements of weather. Indoors he is relaxed and happy during exercise is nicely balanced by a calm, Grooming to spend time with his family. His stable catlike demeanor indoors. He has a sweet disposition makes him a good playmate for nature and makes a loving pet. children. Respectful and responsive, the Wire Haired Pointing Griffon is easy to train. Appearance 26-28 in (66-76 cm) 60-75 lb (27-29.5 kg) Griffon (Wire Haired Pointing) continued on page 140.

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Griffon (Wire Haired Pointing)

Appearance 23.5-28.5” (60-72 cm) 110-154.5 lb (50-70 kg)

Black, fawn and red, often with white or brindle markings.

PUREBRED

children and other dogs. While mellow, the Swissy remains puppy-like into its second or third year. They enjoy lounging with their family, as well as engaging in group activities. Socialization from a young age is also important, since they can be naturally protective.


Havanese

Long, silken, flat, wavy or curly outercoat. Matalsha Companions, Darlene Eckhardt. Wooly underdeveloped undercoat. All colours. Exceptional quality home raised puppies. Griffon (Wire Quick Facts Haired Pointing) Exercise Requirements Grooming Appearance 19-24” (49-61 cm) 50-60 lb (23-27 kg) Medium-length, straight coarse outercoat. Fine, thick downy undercoat. Moustache. Steel grey with liver patches, liver roan, liver, liver and white, orange and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

HAVANESE

BISS CKC/AKC Grand Champion MistyTrails H’dalgos Chido Wey. 2019 Awarded BEST in National Specialty. Bred/Owned by Emily & Bev Dorma, MistyTrails Reg’d, Box 343 Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0. mistytrails@ universe.com

History A descendant of one of many “small white dogs” of Bichon type, the Havanese was developed on the island of Cuba. The hot climate and customs of the region produced a smaller breed with a unique silken coat, which people called the Blanquito de la Habana or the Havanese Silk Dog. The breed’s silken hairs insulated the dogs, protecting them from the heat and sun.

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The breed caught the eye of Europeans in the mid-1700s. Queen Victoria, a great fancier of unusual dogs, was said to have owned two Havanese. Charles Dickens also owned a Havanese named Tim. In Cuba, the breed went from being a favourite of the sugar barons to a popular family dog among the bourgeois. The Cuban revolution might have spelled the end of the breed, except for a handful of dogs that escaped with refugees to the United States. American breeders purchased the dogs to keep the breed from dying out. These 11 dogs became the founders of the Havanese breed as we now know it.

Havanese Fanciers of Canada. Cuddly longhaired lap-sized charmers with endearing sunny dispositions/ Learn more about this special breed at the Havanese Fanciers of Canada website, home of the CKC-recognized national breed club. Breeder contacts, breed information, puppy buying tips, rescue, heartwarming stories, outstanding breed publications, newsletter, Havanese happenings and more. www.havanesefanciers.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) BC MistyTrails Havanese Reg’d, Bev & Emily Dorma. CKC Premium Registered Vet referred Breeders - Outstanding top quality kitchen raised puppies. World Champion + Pure Cuban bloodlines. Westminster Winner, Multi Best-inShow + Multi Top Havanese in the country for several years. Awarded Best in the Nation, at Nationals in 2019. Nominated, Voted, Judged and Awarded Canada’s Top Breeder. Bred for health, temperament, structure, and longevity. All dogs are ANNUALLY health-tested, with results posted ONLINE + Vet files are open. Show, Pet-Companion, Agility, Therapy puppies occasionally available. Experience on your side. Bev, MistyTrails Havanese of Box 343, Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0. (250) 743-5370; (250) 709-1805 cell mistytrails@uniserve.com; www.mistytrails. ca; http://www.wix.com/mistytrails/pups (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) Seantiago Havanese Reg’d, Gail Dame. CKC registered breeders of quality companion Havanese. Our puppies are bred for health and temperament, are kitchen raised, well socialized and receive first set of shots. Full vet health check-up and registered with the CKC. Our adults are health tested annually and certified. Located on beautiful Vancouver Island. (250) 984-1310; seantiago@telus.net; www.seantiagohavanese.com ON Bonnieview Reg’d, Lorraine GravelleBain. Mount Forest, ON. (519) 323-6071; dlbain@bonnieviewkennels.ca; www. bonnieviewkennels.ca Everspring Reg’d. Joanna Swayze. Member of the Canadian Kennel Club. Puppies bred for health and temperament. Puppies will be registered with the CKC. Puppies will be dewormed, vet checked, micro-chipped and will have had their first set of shots prior to going to their new homes. Tweed is between Ottawa and Toronto, just north of Belleville. Can deliver your puppy to Ottawa or Toronto. Tweed, ON K0K 2J0 (613) 478-1881; jswayze@sympatico. ca; www.everspringhavanese.com

Personality The cheerful, loving Havanese is an easy breed to fall in love with. He is outgoing and friendly, though alert and willing to warn his people of danger. He is a Velcro dog who needs to be with his people at all times. A natural showoff, the Havanese loves to play and wants to be the center of attention. Training is easy and the Havanese Joyaseda Reg’d, Sigrid Erdmann. World loves to learn new tricks. renowned, home raised, health and DNA tested, CKC registered pups for show or pet. Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21-29 cm) (519) 733-0605; joyasedahavanese@hotmail. 7-14 lb (3-6.5 kg) com; www.havanesebreeder.org

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Health and temperament are our priorities. Our adorable affectionate companions are lovingly raised, CKC registered and have a health guarantee. Holstein, ON N0G 2A0. (519) 334-3923; matalsha@hotmail.com; www. matalshacompanions.com Talemaker Havanese, Darlah and Nathan Potechin. Member of Havanese Fanciers Club of Canada (www.havanesefanciers.com). Toronto, ON. darlah@potechin.com; nathan@potechin. com; www.talemakerhavanese.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

IBIZAN HOUND

History Brought to Ibiza (a Balearic Island off the coast of Spain) by Phoenician traders, the Ibizan Hound has a remarkable resemblance to the Egyptian god, Anubis, and the Egyptian Pharaoh Hound. A hunter of rabbits and other small game, the Ibizan helped supplement the food supplies of islanders for over 5,000 years. Thanks to their great speed and hunting ability, Ibizans brought to Europe became favourites among poachers, and the breed was eventually banned in France. By the 20th century, the Ibizan Hound was considered a native Spanish breed. The Marquesa de Belgida of Barcelona kept a large kennel of Ibizans on the island of Majorca and promoted the breed throughout the world, where the dogs continue to be successful hunters, coursers, show dogs and companions. Personality Though he may look aloof and aristocratic, the Ibizan Hound, or Beezer, is an affectionate and sensible companion. He is an exceptional jumper, known for clearing up to 6’ in height, and an amazing runner, reaching up to 40 miles an hour. Because he is traditionally a hunter, it is essential to actively socialize him to other pets as he may see them as prey. The Ibizan is an active dog who is happiest if he has a secure area with 8’ high fences where he can safely run and exercise. Appearance 22-29” (56-74 cm) 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) Smooth: strong, hard shiny coat. Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. May have beard and/ or moustache. White or red, either solid or in combination. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Smooth Rough


BC Pineridge Reg’d, Jill Fike. Family raised puppies for 20 years, bred for unique breed characteristics. Show, working, breeding and family pets. Health guarantee. 1049 Hepburn Road, Chase, BC V0E 1M1. (250) 679-3540; www.pineridgeicelandics.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

contract. Experienced breeder since 1991. Visitors welcome by appointment only. RR1 Ilderton ON N0M2A0, (519) 666‐0195, www. windeire.ca, imacd@uwo.ca

IRISH SETTER

IRISH WOLFHOUND

IRISH WATER SPANIEL - See Spaniel (Irish Water)

Irish Woflhound

ICELAND SHEEPDOG

- See Setter (Irish)

Though decimated over the centuries because of famine, a distemper epidemic, and disfavour, the breed avoided extinction thanks in part to Mark Watson, an Englishman who lived in California. From 1930 to 1970, he exported several of these dogs and worked to rebuild the decimated breed. In 1969, the Icelandic Kennel Club was founded to watch over the breed and promote its place in Iceland’s history. Personality The Iceland Sheepdog is an alert and active dog. He’s also vocal, with a unique herding style that involves barking to alert the shepherd to his location. He is playful and friendly, and adores children. As a working breed, he requires lots of exercise to keep him happy, and enjoys learning new things. Appearance 16-18” (40-46 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) Shorthaired: medium-length, straight or wavy, weatherproof outercoat with thick soft undercoat. Neck ruff. Longhaired: longerlength, straight or wavy, weatherproof outercoat with thick soft undercoat. Neck ruff. Tan shades, chocolate, brown, grey, black. White markings. Tan and grey dogs have black mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Longhaired

History Ireland’s history would not be complete without the giant sighthounds now known as the country’s national dog. Likely descended from the giant roughcoated Greyhounds of pre-Christian times, known as the Cu, the Irish Wolfhound could only be owned by nobility. Originally used as dogs of war, guardians, and hunters of boar, stags and elk, Wolfhounds became specialists in hunting wolves in the 15th and 16th centuries. At that time, wolves were such a problem that it was illegal to export Irish Wolfhounds from the United Kingdom. By the late 1700s, the wolf was extinct and Irish Wolfhounds no longer needed. During the Great Irish Famine of 1845, there was no food to spare for dogs, and the Irish Wolfhound nearly disappeared. In 1859, Captain George Augustus Graham made the breed’s restoration his life’s work.

History One of the oldest breeds of terrier, the Irish Terrier originated in County Cork, Ireland. Kept by peasants to keep rats at bay, the Irish Terrier doubled as a soft-mouthed retriever who helped bring food to the dinner table. For practical reasons, the Irish Terrier came in a wide variety of types and sizes, so when it was first introduced to the dog show world in 1875, it was clear a breed standard needed to be defined. This was accomplished by 1900, after much discussion and effort, and the large red Irish Terrier became the accepted norm. The breed spread to North America in the late 19th century and remains a useful and versatile Personality Truly a gentle giant, the Irish breed with a distinct look and temperament. Wolfhound is an even-tempered, intelligent Personality Nicknamed the “daredevil” of and affectionate dog. He loves his family, the canine world, the plucky Irish Terrier is and despite his large size is completely trustworthy with children, and friendly a courageous and charming dog with a heart with other animals. Slow to mature, the of gold. He is attached to his family, loyal Wolfhound remains a puppy until two years and affectionate, devoted and full of pizzazz. of age, growing rapidly throughout this He is always “up” and can be a bit distracted period. Being a sighthound, a Wolfhound at times. He needs lots of opportunities to may give chase if he sees something interesting, and should always be kept in get out and play, and consistent training. a fenced yard. While enjoying a good run, Appearance 18-19” (45-48 cm) these dogs are happy to lounge around the 25-27 lb (11.5-12 kg) house when they’re done. Wiry, stiff dense outercoat. Softer undercoat. Appearance  May have slight beard. Bright red, golden Females min. 28” (71 cm); red or red wheaten. min. 90 lb (41 kg) Males min. 32” (79 cm); Quick Facts min.120 lb (55 kg) Exercise Requirements Grooming Rough hard outercoat. Longer and more ON Windeire Reg’d, Ian MacDonald. Canadian, American champion bloodlines. Sound home raised puppies occasionally. Bred for health, temperament and show. Excellent companion dog for family with a fenced yard. Sold with

wiry around beard and eyes. Grey, brindle, red, black, white, wheaten, fawn, or any other colour acceptable in Deerhounds. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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History Brought to Iceland with the Vikings in 880 CE, the Iceland Sheepdog is a hardy breed greatly influenced by the harsh environment it developed in. Prized for its ability to herd and guard sheep in the hostile terrain of Iceland, the breed is known for its ability to scent lost sheep, even when buried in over a foot of snow. The Iceland Sheepdog gained some popularity in England during the Middle Ages, but because of import and export restrictions, it has remained a very pure breed.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Pineridgice Leikur. Affectionate, athletic, intelligent, friendly temperament, loyal companion, hardy, healthy and an ideal family pet. Trainable as a working, show, and/or therapy dog. Bred/owned by Jill Fike, Pineridge Icelandics, Reg’d. 1049 Hepburn Road, Chase, B.C. V0E 1M1 (250) 679-3540

Photo: Windeire Reg’d

IRISH TERRIER


Italian Greyhound

ITALIAN GREYHOUND

Grand Champion Marchwind Riverport’s Enzo. A stunning example of breed type and soundness. Puppies/stud service. Owned by Demetrius & Corinna Yannoulopoulos, Riverport Kennels Reg’d. (613) 838-3674 www.pickofthelitter.org

History The Italian Greyhound’s origins do not begin in or even near Italy. The breed actually started out in Egypt, where a toysized hound was produced by breeding small Greyhounds to one another. Early Romans fell in love with the breed and brought the dogs back to Rome, where they quickly became attached to high-ranking officials. The Italian Greyhound earned its name as a companion dog in the 16th century, and it spread throughout Europe as the lapdog of royals such as Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne of Denmark, and Queen Victoria. In Victorian times, breeders attempted to further reduce the size of the already tiny dog, but this led to a weakening of the gene pool and unhealthy dogs. The First and Second World Wars further reduced the breed’s numbers. Fortunately, a strong population of Italian Greyhounds remained in North America, where the true breed type, size and bloodlines were maintained. Personality Curious and gentle, the Italian Greyhound is affectionate and bonds strongly to his family. Because of his small size and tiny structure, the Italian Greyhound is a delicate companion who does not suit homes with boisterous children and aggressive dogs. He actually loves to socialize with his own kind. Appearance 12.5-15” (32-38 cm) 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) Short, fine glossy coat. All shades of black, grey, fawn, cream, blue, red, chocolate, bronze, blue-fawn, red-fawn and white.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON LADYDAY Reg’d. Breeding for quality, not quantity, we occasionally have health guaranteed purebred Italian Greyhound puppies from Champion bloodlines that are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club on a MANDATORY SPAY/NEUTER CONTRACT. Visits to come to our home to see our puppies and meet our dogs are always welcome, by appointment. Box 853, South River, ON P0A 1X0. (705) 386-7378; igsandcresteds@gmail.com

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Riverport Reg’d, Demetrius & Corinna Yannoulopoulos. Breeding and showing since 1980. Home to some of Canada’s top winning show Italian Greyhounds. Puppies available occasionally to approved homes by reservation only. For more information and details on upcoming litters visit our website at www. pickofthelitter.org. (613) 838-3674; demcor@ sympatico.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) SK Decho Reg’d, Don Schaffer. Selectively breeding for quality, type, soundness and temperament. Champion line bred bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised show and companion puppies occasionally. Temperament and health guarantee. 2702 Reynolds St, Regina, SK S4N 3P4. (306) 537-1017; decho@myaccess.ca

JACK RUSSELL TERRIER

History Terriers were a popular fox hunting breed in England during the 1800s. The Parson John “Jack” Russell developed a particular strain of terrier that he determined was the ideal type of fox hunting dog. This dog was predominately white and possessed qualities of intelligence, stable temperament, and quick, determined instincts. Parson Jack bred a dog that could chase a fox and rush it from its den without being too aggressive and ruining the hunt. For many years, several Terriers were grouped together as Jack Russell Terriers, but in 1904 a group of Terrier fancies set the breed standard for recognizing the Jack Russell as a unique and distinct breed. Personality Feisty, fearless, and enthusiastic, the Jack Russell is up for any challenge. Positive training and maintaining evenpaced activities is important for this highenergy dog. He makes a great companion for someone with an active lifestyle. The Jack Russell loves to explore, play, and chase. Luckily, their small size means they are easy to bring along on outings and trips. Appearance 10-12” (25-30 cm) 11-13 lb (5-6 kg)

JAPANESE CHIN

History Once a popular addition to Chinese and Japanese royal courts, the Japanese Chin is known for its enduring role as a lapdog, dating back as far as the 6th century. There is much debate regarding the origin of its name, which stems from either its native land or its primary behavioural traits – “Chin” has been said to mean “from China”, “cat-like”, or “separate being”, as the breed was thought to be of higher value than a typical dog. Upon its arrival in America in the late 1800s, the unusual exotic breed was first recognized as a Japanese Spaniel due to its similarity to the American breed. In 1977, the name was officially changed to honour the breed’s heritage, and it has since been acknowledged as one of the best companion dogs in North America. Personality Known for its energetic yet wellmannered behaviour, the Japanese Chin is an agile breed with cat-like tendencies. They enjoy jumping and climbing, but adapt well to any indoor environment, including small apartments, and require little exercise. An intelligent breed, the Chin is very loyal, gentle and kind, and thrives around people, children included, as long as they’re not rough. Chins can grow quite attached so avoid separation anxiety by using positive training methods and ensuring they receive adequate love and attention. Appearance 8-12” (20-30 cm) 7-9 lb (1.8-4.1 kg) Large, wide head; round, wide-set eyes; and a rather flat face. Small v-shaped ears, and a plumed tail that curls over the back. Thick but feathery coat that rarely mats, ranging from black and white to sable and white, or a tri-coloured coat of the same colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Predominately white with black and/or tan markings; also all white. Three types of coat: ON smooth, rough, broken. Dense, double- Judawn Reg’d, Judy Van Dusen. Home raised CKC reg’d. puppies from Champion bloodlines. coats. Almond-shaped eyes. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Micro chip, Vet. Check, Health guarantee. We breed quality not quantity. 1113 Monteagle Lane, Pickering, ON L1V 3M7 (905) 831-8885; judawn@rogers.com


KERRY BLUE TERRIER

BPIS GCH BeauKees EspressoShotCinnakees CHOF. Bred by Chantalle Carroll, BeauKees Keeshonden Reg’d. Alberta, Canada www.beaukees.com

History When Spanish ships went down off the Irish coast in 1588, the dark spaniel survivors likely made it to shore and bred with local terriers. These are the probable forebears of the Kerry Blue Terrier, although there may be other bloodlines, including the “Russian blue dog”, who surfaced after a shipwreck off Tralee Bay in the late 1770s. Some even suggest the Kerry Blue originated when locals crossed terriers with Irish Wolfhounds to produce a large strong hunter. Whatever his bloodlines, the hardy Kerry Blue Terrier became the perfect working dog of County Kerry people and was indispensible as a ratter, herder, hunter, fighter and guarder.

History The Keeshond is an ancient, Spitztype breed originating in the Netherlands. The Kees or Spitz “honds”, as they were known, were common watchdogs that cared Thought to be descended from northern for the wagons, carts and barges used to transport goods. In 1781, Holland was divided Spitz breeds, the Karelian Bear Dog thrived into two political factions: the Orangists and for generations in Karelia, a region presently the rebellious Dutch Patriots, who adopted the encompassed by Finland and Russia, where Keeshond as their emblem. When the rebels isolation kept its genes pure. The arrival of were defeated, people were afraid to be seen with this trademark symbol of the rebellion, World War II almost destroyed the breed, and many Keeshonds were discarded. but fortunately, a group of Finn and Russian Farmers and barge owners quietly supporters took steps to bring it back. retained these useful dogs, however, and The Finnish Kennel Club recognized the continued to breed them. When Baroness Karelian Bear Dog in 1946, and today it’s van Hardenbroek took interest in the one of their most popular breeds. Though Keeshond in 1920, she was amazed to find the farmers and bargemen had kept the this hardy dog is still primarily used for breed type intact. Soon the Keeshond was hunting, he also excels in obedience, search recognized throughout Holland, and by the 1930s it made its way into Europe and and rescue and sled dog trials. North America. Personality Courageous and athletic, Personality Sometimes called the “laughing the Karelian Bear Dog’s connection with Dutchman”, the Keeshond is an outgoing his “person” is affectionate and unfailing, family-friendly dog. He thrives on affection and for this reason he is beloved by many and loves to be a part of family life. A vocal watchdog, he is playful and learns quickly hunters. Typically the dog’s affection does as long as there is sufficient motivation not extend to other pets due to his energetic, to learn. Cuddly and full of cheer, the competitive spirit. However, the Karelian Keeshond is excellent with children, and Bear Dog is easy to train and even easier to dedicated to his family. read thanks to an intelligent nature, acute Appearance 17-18” (43-46 cm) 55-66 lb (25-30 kg) instincts and superb communication skills. Long, straight harsh outercoat. Thick downy He needs exercise and space that an urban undercoat. Neck ruff. Mixture of black, grey environment cannot offer, and tends to do and cream. best with a fair, confident master who will Quick Facts respect his independence. Exercise Requirements Grooming

Appearance 19-23.5” (48-60 cm) 37.5-61.5 lb (17-28 kg) Distinct white markings on thick, black outer coat. Soft insulating undercoat. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BeauKees Keeshonden Reg’d, Chantalle Carroll & Dan Gallant. Quality, intelligent, homeraised puppies. Parents passed recommended health clearances. Puppies are Canadian Kennel Club registered, microchipped, vet checked, dewormed and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their “forever” homes. All inquiries welcomed. Stud service available to approved bitches. Members of the Keeshond Club of Canada and Keeshond Club of America. (780) 566-8520; beaukees@gmail.com; www.beaukees@gmail.com. (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

The Kerry Blue Terrier’s popularity grew in the mid-1920s when he became the mascot of the Irish Patriots in their struggle for independence from Britain. He was initially a shaggy beast with an unkempt coat, but the dog show world popularized the sculpted, elegantly cut coat. Personality A compact and sturdy dog, the Kerry Blue Terrier is a rough-and-tumble playful fellow who loves to interact with his people. His intelligent and confident nature benefits from socialization and training. He is great with children and an effective guardian, watching over his charges and alerting the family to potential dangers. Appearance 18-19” (46-48 cm) Wavy, soft dense coat. Any shade of blue-grey or grey-blue. May have small white markings. May have black points. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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History Named for his ability to hunt and provide protection from bears, the Karelian Bear Dog is bold enough to go after large game such as elk, moose and wolves, and tough enough to withstand the harsh northern climates from whence he came.

Kerr y Blue Terrier

KEESHOND

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

KARELIAN BEAR DOG

Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

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History The King Charles Spaniel has the benefit of a steady, sociable spaniel-type temperament in a compact size. Small dogs of the King Charles type were recorded in the court life of 15th century Europe. Back then, toy breeds were essentially hunting/ setting dogs in miniature. It wasn’t until the 1800s that a more distinct look became desirable in a dog, and a small canine with a more rounded head, prominent eyes and shortened muzzle became the fashion. These charming little “comforters” would curl up in a lap, or warm one’s hands and feet. England’s King Charles II became so enamoured with his spaniels that he was accused of ignoring matters of state. The breed took on the king’s name, except in North America, where it is called the English Toy Spaniel.

History This ancient breed of dog is a descendant of the Ovtcharkas, which made the trip with the Magyars over a thousand years ago. Commonly known as the Kom, this dog was an expert at guarding flocks, as his corded coat could withstand the harsh elements as well as bites from predators. The Kom was bred to think for itself, and little training was required to teach him how to determine what and who was a threat to the flock. As a working dog, the Kom is often matted and shaggy, and looks much like the sheep he guards. After Koms came to the U.S. in the 1930s, people took an interest in grooming and showing the breed. The groomed coat takes the form of long, white cords that give the Kom a look that is very distinct from most other dogs.

Personality Tough, serious and loyal, the Komondor is an excellent guard dog, and looking after his family makes him feel important. He is affectionate with family members, including children, and responds very well to positive training and praise. As an unusually intelligent dog, the Komondor can quickly determine whether someone’s Personality Joyful, enthusiastic and intentions are good or bad, so positivity sociable, the King Charles Spaniel adores within his household is a must. Strong, his people. He is quiet and naturally welllarge, and muscular, the Komondor makes behaved, apart from some willfulness when it comes to house-training. As much as he a great companion for long walks and hikes, loves being around people, he may be shy and enjoys many athletic activities. with strangers. Extending respect and Appearance 23.5-31.5” (59.5-80 cm) kindness will draw him out. 80-134.5 lb (36.5-61 kg) Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) Long, coarse and curly outer coat that is 8-14 lb (3.5-6.5 kg) groomed into cords, with a wooly, soft, and Fine, silky, feathered coat. Colour names dense undercoat. Colour is white. reflect the breed’s regal history: black and tan Quick Facts (King Charles), tri-colour (Prince Charles), Exercise Requirements red and white (Blenheim), solid red (ruby) Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Confusion exists between the King Charles Spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and some distinction here may be helpful. Apart from having the same coat colours, the King Charles Spaniel/English Toy Spaniel is a smaller dog, with a domed head, an undershot jaw, and fused pads.

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KOMONDOR

KUVASZ

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

King Charles Spaniel (English Toy Spaniel)

KING CHARLES SPANIEL (ENGLISH TOY SPANIEL)

KLEINER MÜSTERLÄNDER - See Rare Breeds

History For thousands of years, nomadic Magyar tribes brought guard dogs with them as they moved into the land now known as Hungary. Likely descended from the ancient Tibetan Mastiff, the Kuvasz is believed to have guarded herds of horses. In addition to guarding, these brave and loyal dogs ran alongside warriors as they went into battle, and took down dangerous prey such as wild boar. Settlers in Hungary favoured the Kuvasz for guarding sheep in the wetter mountainous regions. In North America, the breed gained popularity in the 1920s as a patrol dog and guardian of livestock out west. Kuvasz numbers in Europe were decimated during World War II. After the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, fresh interest arose in the national breed, and dedicated breeders worked to bring it back from near extinction. Personality Intensely loyal and dedicated to his family, the Kuvasz remains a guardian breed. He is wary of strangers, and will protect his family should he feel it’s threatened. Careful socialization is essential. Like most working dogs, he is happiest when he has a job. Appearance 26-30” (66-76 cm) 66-137 lb (30-62 kg) Medium-coarse, wavy or straight outercoat. Fine wooly outercoat. Neck ruff. White or ivory. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

LABRADOR RETRIEVER -See Retriever (Labrador)

SOCIALIZE YOUR PUPPY FROM A YOUNG AGE BY INTRODUCING HIM TO NEW SIGHTS, SOUNDS AND SMELLS ON A DAILY BASIS.

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PBVH Lagotto Distinguished LRC, Virginia Brietzke. We are proud and pleased to have loving families join our “Lagotto Family” We are accepting applications for Canada’s #1 upcoming litter of this rare breed. Please email lagottodistinguished@gmail.com for an application or call (780) 573-8628. Join our Revival of the Lagotto!

LEONBERGER

Leonberger

LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO

LAKELAND TERRIER

History The Lagotto Romagnolo’s documented history dates back to 16th century Italy, where these water dogs were used for hunting waterfowl in the marshes and wetlands of the Romagna region, which is present day Emilia-Romagna in Italy. Their excellent sense of smell also earned the Lagottos the task of sniffing out truffles, a culinary delicacy in Italian cuisine. The Lagotto Romagnolo existed amongst mixed breeds for centuries, until a group of breeders and fanciers got together in the 1980s to establish the dogs as an official breed. The Italians still depend on the Lagotto to hunt truffles, but here in North America, he’s known as a good family companion.

History The Lakeland Terrier gets his name from the lake districts of northern England, where the breed originated. These darkcoloured terriers were categorized as a member of the Fell Terriers, and the English used them to hunt foxes. Unlike the Fox Terriers, these dogs would go to ground and face down the foxes, which required high stamina and perseverance. The Lakeland Terrier was also a popular farm dog, since he Personality The Lagotto is known for his would keep the farm free of vermin and yet gentle manner, affectionate personality and remain loyal to the flocks and other farm will to please. He lives life as if everyone is his animals. Today, this breed is used less as a best friend, and makes a good companion hunting dog and more as family or show dog. for children and other animals. Training Personality Loyal, protective, and is a pleasure since he loves to please and intelligent, the Lakeland Terrier is a listens well. His intelligence and keen devoted family companion and a good nose make him a good retriever, too. The Lagotto is happiest in the great outdoors, watchdog. With his playful and inquisitive where he can explore, dig, and play with nature, he is both amusing and fun to train. the family and other dogs. He is also fond of The Lakeland Terrier thrives with positive, swimming and excels at competitive sports. encouraging, and diverse training methods, His high energy and stamina is balanced by so that he does not become bored. While a mellow and easy-going nature. his hunting instincts can occasionally make him a little territorial with food and toys, Appearance 1  6-19” (41-48 cm) 24-35.5 lb (11-16 kg) this is easily directed with puppy training. Double coat is waterproof. Outercoat is Friendly and affectionate with children, the dense, curly, and woolly. Variety of colours, Lakeland loves to socialize. He will happily including white and brown, white and get his exercise from long strolls and trips to orange, off-white, brown. Sometimes has a the park with his family. brown mask. Appearance 13.5-14.5” (34.5-37 cm) Quick Facts 15-17.5 lb (7-8 kg) Exercise Requirements Hard, wiry outercoat that stands up to the Grooming elements. Soft, short undercoat. Variety of colours, including blue, black, wheaten, red, BC Lagotto on the Hill Reg’d, Tracey Harris. As a black and tan, blue and tan, and grizzle. Fur Lagotto Romagnolo Breeder, we raise healthy, slightly longer around muzzle. happy and family-friendly Lagotto puppies on our small private hobby farm. All our breeding dogs are fully health tested with a CHIC number from OFA, temperament is wonderful and we welcome guests to meet our fabulous friendly Lagotto. Contact us for your private meet and greet. (604) 617-3463; tracey_harris@telus. net; www.lagottoonthehill.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Following his dream to produce a large leonine dog to help promote his business and hometown of Leonberg, Heinrich Essig decided to cross a Landseer Newfoundland with a Saint Bernard. The resulting dog was then crossed back to a Great Pyrenees, and likely had a bit of German or Austrian scent hound and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog mixed in. The result: a giant that could be used as an all-purpose farm and family dog, with a natural love of water. Essig was a good businessman and succeeded in bringing the Leonberger into many royal homes, including those of the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), King Uberto of Italy, Napoleon the III, and Empress Elizabeth of Austria. Like many giant dogs, the Leonberger suffered during the First and Second World Wars, when food shortages forced breeders and owners to abandon them. After the war, it took over 25 years of dedicated work to bring the breed back to a stable population. Personality Huge and cuddly, the Leonberger is the supreme canine teddy bear. He is even-tempered and adores children, though his giant size can be intimidating. As a puppy he is playful and energetic, but he calms down as he matures. Because of his size, it is important to train and socialize him at a young age. The Leonberger is a family-oriented dog who wants to be with his people at all times. Appearance 25-32” (65-80 cm) 80-150 lb (36-68 kg) Long, slightly coarse, close-fitting waterresistant outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Feathering. Mane. Lion yellow, golden to red-brown, sand and all combinations between. Black mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Disguise Reg’d, Tanya McCarthy. Pre-spoiled and pre-loved beautiful leonbergers, raised in our home as part of our family. Breeding only from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health, conformation and European bloodlines. Reservations recommended. Members of the LCO, LCC, LCA actively participating in the conformation, draft and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0. (905) 920-3987; longears@yahoo.ca; www. disguisedachshundleonberger.com

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Two Lagotto Romganolo puppies. Lagotto Hill Lisa and Basil. Health tested parents, friendly small/ medium size, non-shedding and smart. Owned/Bred by Tracey Harris at Lagotto on the Hill.


MALTESE

Photo: Chenoka Reg’d

LÖWCHEN Photo: Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario

Lhasa Apso

LHASA APSO

History The Löwchen is an ancient breed, most likely a member of the Bichon family, and possibly descended from Tibetan toy breeds. In the 1500s, the Löwchen was well established in France, Germany and Spain, where it was a court favourite, used by ladies as “hot water bottles” to keep them warm on cold nights. Numerous art pieces depicting The lion represents the power of Buddha, and tiny dogs clipped in the characteristic “lion” the Lhasa Apso’s leonine appearance caused trim document the breed’s favour through to people to believe they were harbingers of good the 18th century. luck. Visiting dignitaries were often gifted with By the 20th century, the Löwchen had male Lhasa Apsos; females were kept in Tibet fallen out of favour and the breed nearly to prevent the breed from spreading to other disappeared. In 1945, Madame M. Bennert areas. Some of these gifted Lhasa were taken of Brussels began to revive the breed. This to Chinese courts where they were integrated work continued after her death thanks to into the bloodlines of Chinese dogs such as Dr. Richert of Germany. But the Löwchen’s the Pekingese and Shih Tzu. In the 1920s, growth was still so slow that in 1959 it was the Dalai Lama gave several Lhasa Apsos to listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as European friends, and from there it made its the rarest breed in the world, with only 40 way to North America, where it has remained recorded dogs alive. Today, the Löwchen is popular ever since. recognized worldwide. History Descended from ancient Tibetan Spaniels and Terriers, the Lhasa Apso was a favorite of both monk and nobility. Kept indoors, the Lhasa would bark to alert people of potential intruders, while the Tibetan Mastiffs tied outdoors were responsible for active guard duty.

Personality Distinguished and self-possessed, the Lhasa Apso is certain he is special and deserving of respect. He has an uncanny sense of friend and foe, and will vocally announce his concern if someone bothers him. Friendly with his family, the Lhasa can become territorial if not socialized. Appearance 10-11.5” (25-29 cm) 13-18 lb (6-8 kg)

Personality Though small, the Löwchen is a commanding presence in the home. He is playful and responsive, an intelligent dog who is happy to please his owner. He responds well to positive training and enjoys dog sports like agility. Good with children and other pets, the Löwchen easily fits in well with most families.

GR CH Amplua Ego Amigo. Happy, Healthy Bloodlines from Canadian Grand Champion Sires. Bred/Owned by Barbara Mason, JBLittle Maltese Reg’d.

History The Maltese is believed to be the oldest European Toy breed. Whether the name comes from the Island of Malta, or the Sicilian town of Melita, the breed was widespread in the Mediterranean from ancient times, appearing on art objects as early as 3,000 years ago. The breed may have arrived in Britain with the Roman invaders, or with the returning Crusaders. Many famous Royals owned Maltese, including Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots. When Maltese were introduced to the dog show world in the mid-1800s, a debate arose over the correct classification of the breed. Was he a terrier, due to his lively personality, or did his body type and coat make him a spaniel? Eventually, breeders concluded the Maltese was in a class of his own. Personality Spirited, mischievous and undeniably adorable, the Maltese has a personality as big as he is small. He loves to play and thrives on attention. Happy to play with children, as long as they are not too rough, the Maltese delights in learning new tricks and finding ways to entertain and be entertained. Despite his diminutive size, the Maltese is an alert and fearless watchdog.

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Appearance 7.5-10” (19-25 cm) Appearance 10-13” (25-33 cm) 6-9 lb (2.5-4 kg) 8-15 lb (3-6 kg) Long, straight, heavy hard outercoat. Long, flat silky coat. Pure white. Light tan or Undercoat. All colours or combinations Long, moderately soft wavy coat. All colours lemon markings permissible. acceptable. and combinations acceptable. Quick Facts Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming Grooming The Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario. Breeders and breed lovers of registered, well-reared Lhasa Apsos. The only Ontario based Lhasa Breeders organization affiliated with, and adhering to the Canadian Kennel Club standards for breeding and code of ethics. Referrals for available puppies and, occasionally, adults. (613) 3955324; don.quan@sympatico.ca

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Lowchen Club of Canada. The Lowchen Club of Canada is dedicated to preserving this amazing rare breed and educating people about them. Our informative website features photos and updates on special events like our 2019 Specialty Show. Check out these little “lion dogs” ...you’ll probably fall in love with them too! www.lowchenclubofcanada.com

AB Carboncopy Perm. Reg’d, Kathy Slifka. 20 Minutes South of Calgary. Over 30 years experience breeding toy dogs. All dogs raised in our home. Box 764, Black Diamond, AB T0L 0H0. (403) 938-0990; slifka@telusplanet.net; www.carboncopymaltese.com ON Donant-Mercer Robin, Pieridae Reg’d. RR1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.mercerpaps. wixsite.com/mysite


History The ultimate ratter, the Manchester Terrier is descended from the common Black and Tan Terriers of England. He was bred entirely for the blood sport of ratting, in which a terrier would be pitted against 100 rats and timed to see how quickly he could dispatch them. Breeders worked to improve the dog’s performance, first by adding the Bulldog for its tenacity and ability to work through pain, then adding the Whippet, for its speed and agility. The resulting breed was lean, fast, tenacious and an incredible ratter. Two major events greatly affected the breed in the late 1800s: blood sports and ear cropping, which protected the dogs from rat bites, were banned. Fortunately, the dog show world worked to maintain its unique type and namesake colour. Toy and standard sizes are available.

MASTIFF

ON Knighterrant Reg’d, Dave & Joanne Swift. Breeding and showing English Mastiffs since 1987. Huggable guardians from champion bloodlines. Puppies occasionally to approved homes. Sound temperament, health guaranteed. Stud service to approved bitches. Members of the CKC and MCOA. Inquiries welcome. (613) 821-6279; kmastiff@knighterrantmastiffs.com; www.knighterrantmastiffs.com

History The father of many modern dog breeds, the Mastiff originated in ancient MINIATURE Babylonia, where he hunted ferocious AMERICAN SHEPHERD prey such as lions. The breed likely came to Europe with Phoenician traders in the - See Rare Breed Directory 6th century BC. By the time the Roman Empire spread to Britain, the Mastiff was MINIATURE well established as a fierce fighting dog AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD who could hunt wolves, bear and anything else he was set upon. The Mastiff lost his - See Rare Breed Directory popularity in modern times when dog fighting was forbidden and wolves were vanquished in the U.K. During WWII, any remaining Mastiffs were either used in the war effort or put down, as GROOMING it was deemed unpatriotic to feed their giant appetites when people were starving QUESTIONS? A in the streets. By 1945, only eight breeding animals remained in Britain, where QUALIFIED, REPUTABLE the breed maintained its purest form. Fortunately, a number of Mastiffs had been exported to North America, and GROOMER WILL MAKE breeders imported fresh breeding stock to rejuvenate the breed. Personality Despite his history as a fighting dog, the Mastiff is docile and levelheaded. He is an exceptional watchdog and protector, and his intimidating size is often enough to scare intruders away. He is gentle with children, but can become overprotective of them. Mastiffs get along well with other dogs and family pets as long as they are socialized at an early age. Appearance At least 27-30” (70-76 cm) 175-200 lb (79-91 kg) Moderately short, straight coarse outercoat. Short, dense close-lying undercoat. Fawn, apricot, brindle.

Personality Fast, fun, playful and loyal, the Manchester Terrier makes for a spirited companion. Still a ratter at heart, he loves to “kill” small toys, playing vigorously and Quick Facts enjoying games of chase. He is intelligent, Exercise Requirements Grooming and benefits from consistent training. Appearance Standard: 15-16” (38-41 cm) 12-22 lb (5.5-10 kg Toy: 10-12” (25-30 cm) under 12 lb (5.5 kg)

Mastiff

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

our commitment to the breed through our strict code of ethics: promoting genetic testing on all breeding stock; rescue service; educational programs and seminars/clinics. To find out more, visit The Canadian Mastiff Club website, or contact: East: Connie Hachey 705-9322518 gallantmastiff@nexicom.net / West: Tara Korrensuo (604) 826-3339 sisudogs@gmail.com www.mastiffcanada.org (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

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COMPANION LOOKS HIS BEST, AND CAN ALSO ASSIST YOU WITH SUGGESTIONS AND TIPS FOR

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

MANCHESTER TERRIER (STANDARD & TOY)

Short, smooth glossy coat. Distinct black and tan without dilution.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

JBLittle Maltese Reg’d, Barbara Mason. We are top Canadian show breeders who work as a family team to show, groom and breed purebred Maltese. Proud to be accredited breeders of the Canadian Kennel Club. Our Maltese have received multiple Top Show Dog Awards for their outstanding achievement. We have also been honoured with Best in Show, Best in Specialty Show, multiple Best Puppy winning Maltese, multiple Toy Group winning Maltese, multiple Major Winners & multiple Best of Breed winners. We have found success both inside and outside of the show ring. Our Maltese are located worldwide and we offer the highest quality of companions. Dedicated to the Maltese breed, we are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club. We are located 40 minutes west of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. (807) 935-1997; jblittlemaltese@hotmail. com; www.jblittlemaltese.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 46.)

MAINTAINING THAT LOOK IN BETWEEN APPOINTMENTS.

Canadian Mastiff Club & Rescue Service. As the only Canadian Kennel Club-recognized national breed club, our members are proud of

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GCH Nyirsegfia Renegade. “Rebel” was the number 1 Mudi in Canada for 2016 and the first Mudi in Canadian history to earn the title Canadian Kennel Club Grand Champion. Owned by Jeff and Kellie Whiteside, Herdabout Perm. Reg’d.

History Records from 18th century Hungary describe a sheepdog with characteristics typical of a Mudi. Its similarity to other herding breeds such as the Puli, however, makes it difficult to pinpoint the Mudi’s exact origin. Dr. Dezsõ Fényes began breeding the Mudi in the mid-1930s, at which point it had already been recognized as a naturally occurring breed – probably a mix of Hungarian herding dogs and various prick eared German herding dogs. The Mudi’s courage was ideal for herding large and difficult livestock, a role he’s still known for today. Personality Holding true to his roots, the Mudi is very observant and alert. Boasting an adaptable character, he’s happy being both indoors and outdoors. The Mudi has shorter hair than traditional sheepdogs, making him an easy keeper in indoor environments. He’s keen to work – especially where mental stimulation is involved – and also excels at agility. Though he is thoughtful, he’s rarely timid, and makes a very sociable companion for adults and children, as well as other dogs. Consistent training and regular exercise is important to his development. Appearance 1  5–19” (38-47 cm) 17–29 lb (8-13 kg) Thick, medium-length coat that ranges from very wavy to curly. Grey, black, brown, white, yellow or black merle.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Iszkiri Reg’d, Lori Pichurski. Competing Showing - Breeding the Mudi in Canada since 1996. The versatile Mudi is a great companion, therapy or sport dog. Our Mudis are part of the family first. We provide an enriched environment for mental and physical growth. We health test our Mudis and do selective breeding to ensure balanced temperament and sound structure. They are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club. Our dogs compete in agility, flyball, obedience, rally O, nose work, herding, dock dogs, freestyle, tricks, lure coursing, barn hunt and conformation/shows. Mudi pronounced “Moody” Bred for Sport – Show – Companion – Therapy. (403) 870-1115; iszkirikennels@gmail. com; www.iszkirimudikennels.weebly.com

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ON Herdabout Perm. Reg’d, Jeff & Kellie Whiteside. Home of Canada’s Top Conformation Champion Mudis. Breeding structurally sound, genetically health tested dogs with excellent temperaments. We stand behind our dogs with an extensive health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. Our puppies are home raised in an enriched environment. We put our puppies through an extensive socialization and handling program to ensure a confident, mentally stable and friendly puppy. Mudi puppies are available to select homes for show, performance, and companionship. (705) 429-0833; sheltieland@ rogers.com; www.herdaboutmudi.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

NEWFOUNDLAND

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Mudi

MUDI

History One of the very few dogs indigenous to North America, the Newfoundland’s exact genealogy is the subject of much debate. Some believe the ancient Tibetan Mastiff migrated to North America; others argue that Leif Anderson brought Viking “bear dogs” with him when he arrived in Newfoundland in 1001. Other possible progenitors of the breed are Portuguese Water Dogs and Great Pyrenees brought to Newfoundland on European fishing vessels in the 1600s. Whatever the answer, fishermen prized the huge waterloving dogs known as Greater St. John’s Dogs. Seemingly immune to icy waters, the Newfoundland’s duties included hauling in nets, dragging boat lines to shore, and rescuing overboard sailors. The Newfoundland is famed for his bravery, but despite the breed’s success, it nearly died out because a law passed in 1780 forbade the ownership of more than one dog. The Newfoundland may not have survived if not for the efforts of the Honourable Harold MacPherson. Personality A giant goofball, the Newfoundland is perhaps the most gentle of all giant breeds. He adores children, is eventempered, supremely loyal, responsive and willing to be trained. His entire purpose is to serve his people, and he’s a truly honest and hardworking dog that excels in sports such as obedience, water trials, weight pulling, carting and backpacking.

Appearance Averages 26-28” (66-71 cm) 100-152 lb (45-69 kg) Moderately long, coarse, oily water-resistant outer coat. Soft dense undercoat. Black or white with black markings (also called Landseer after Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, who featured the dogs in his paintings). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Prairie Home Newfoundlands Perm. Reg’d, Heidi Ball. Family-raised Newfoundlands. We breed for gentleness and health from quality champion lines. CKC-registered and wellsocialized blacks. Parents are OFA certified (hips/elbows/heart/cystinuria/ patellas and thyroid). Puppies to pre-approved homes only, with ongoing support. This includes vet checked/vaccinations, wormed, microchipped and a well-prepared puppy package. Stud services available. Grooming facility available. Visitors always welcomed! Box 3067, Vermilion, AB T9X 2B1. (306) 946-6630; jhnewfs@sasktel. net; www.prairiehomenewfs.com ON Ashmoor Reg’d, Jill Francis. Quality Newfoundlands from Canadian/ American champion bloodlines. Our focus is raising healthy dogs, with sweet gentle temperaments in our home, and always with a holistic approach! Parents have passed all health clearances and are OFA certified for hips, elbows, patellas, heart, eyes, cystinuria and thyroid. All puppies are screened by a certified cardiologist before going to their homes. Visitors welcome by appointment. Member of the CKC, NDCC and NDCA. RR4, Cobourg, ON, K9A 4J7. (905) 3771140; jill@ashmoornewfoundlands.ca; www. ashmoornewfoundlands.ca QC Élevage Noir & Blanc, Rollande Rainville. Chiots élevés en milieu familial. Parents certifiés OFA : hanches, coudes, coeur, cystinuerie, thyroïde, yeux, patellar. Garantie écrite santé et tempérament. Visiteurs bienvenue. Puppies raised in a family environment. Parents are OFA certified : hips, elbow, heart, cystinuria, eyes, patellar. Health and temperament come with a written warranty. Visitors are welcome. Ste-Eulalie, Qc. (819) 470-8391; dist.jmsjoy@ xplornet.com; www.elevagenoiretblanc.com

HOW DO DOGS LEARN? P. 30


NORWEGIAN BUHUND

Norwegian Buhund

NORRBOTTENSPETS

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

NORFOLK TERRIER

History Norrbottenspets share ancestry with the Finnish Spitz, originating in the Scandinavian northlands of Sweden, Finland and Lapland. The dogs found in Finland developed into the Finnish Spitz, but those in Sweden were called Norrbottensskollandehund. An excellent hunter, the breed had the unique ability to listen for a bird’s flight, and locate that bird when it landed in the snow. Used as all-round hunting and farm dogs, their breeding was purely functional and little effort was made to maintain these dogs as At the time, there were two intermingled a pure breed. varieties of Norwich Terrier – prick-eared As foreign specialist breeds grew in and fold-eared. Over time, breeders popularity, the Norrbottensskollandehund decided to separate the types. They kept the became less common. Out-crossing diluted name Norwich Terrier for the prick-eared the breed until it was declared extinct in variety, and renamed the fold-eared dogs 1948. However, interested breeders in Norfolk Terriers. The new names were Sweden and Finland made an effort to recognized in 1964. seek good specimens by combing remote Personality Feisty and energetic, the northern villages. Eventually, a breeding Norfolk is one of the smallest terriers. population was cobbled together and the Because he was used to hunt in packs, he’s Norrbottenspets was reinstated around quite social and agreeable. He is a great 1970. Their popularity is growing as traveler and loves to spend lots of time Sweden and Finland work to support their with his family. Socialization is important native breed. but this should be natural for such a Personality Never shy, nervous or sociable guy. aggressive, the Norrbottenspets is a Appearance 9-10” (23-26 cm) friendly and fun-loving companion 11-12 lb (5-5.5 kg) who is great with children. A hunter Straight, wiry close-lying outercoat. at heart, he is happiest when he has Definite undercoat. Mane. Slight whiskers. the opportunity to use his hunting skills, All shades of red, wheaten, black and tan, though he can be taught to enjoy alternate grizzle. Folded ears. sports such as agility. The Norrbottenspets Quick Facts needs lots of exercise, particularly in a Exercise Requirements safely fenced area where he can run and Grooming hunt to his heart’s content. ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@ dralionkennels.com; www.dralionkennels.com

Appearance 16-18” (42-46 cm) 26-33 lb (12-15 kg) Short, hard close-fitting outercoat. Dense undercoat. Ideally white with yellow or red/brown markings, but all colours are permitted. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History An ancient breed that accompanied northern people into Scandanavia, the Norwegian Buhund herded their flocks and safeguarded their homes; in fact, Bu means “homestead” in Norwegian. The dogs conformed to the sturdy Spitz shape, with the characteristic prick ears and curled tail. Although the Buhund was recognized as a distinct type even before the Viking era, the breed was not formally recognized in Norway until 1939. The Norwegian Buhund’s numbers are declining in its native land; however, the breed’s family-friendly qualities are making it more recognizable around the world. Personality The Buhund is a sweet-natured canine who wants to please. Like most herding dogs, he is intelligent, and friendly with children and other dogs. He is alert, but not noisy. The Buhund adapts to country or city, as long as he gets sufficient mental and physical exercise. He has the exceptional habit – some would say virtue! – of cleaning himself like a cat. Appearance 16-18” (40.5-46 cm) 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) Short, harsh outer coat with soft undercoat. Wheaten or black, with white markings acceptable on the black. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal

PUREBRED

History Like many terriers, the Norfolk Terrier likely started out as a cross between various breeds such as small Irish Terriers, Cairn Terriers and Border Terriers. They were “ordinary” farm dogs bred to go to ground and take care of vermin, so it took time for the breed to acquire its current name. Some incarnations include Cantabs, Thrumpington Terriers, and Jones Terriers (after Frank “Roughrider” Jones sold some to the U.S. sporting crowd). In 1904, when asked what the dogs were really called, Jones answered “Norwich Terriers”, since that was where they came from.

Minimal Average More than average Maximum

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BC Vigeland Reg’d, Norman Vig & Sheila Robertson. Quality CKC Registered Norwegian Elkhounds for over 50 years. Contact us for information about future puppies and/or the occasional adult Elkhound. Happy, healthy all-around great dogs. (867) 668-3885; clif@northwestel. net; www.vigelandkennels.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

NORWEGIAN LUNDEHUND Norwegian Elkhound Ambassador from Frigg to ‘Noble’ “ Janor Adelsmann av Vigeland” the handsome young lad. Owned by Norman Vig and Sheila Vig Robertson, Vigeland Kennels Reg’d.

History The national dog of Norway, the Norwegian Elkhound is an ancient breed that hasn’t changed much over the last 5,000 years. A supreme hunter, the Elkhound works to track and quarry his game, holding it at bay until the human hunters arrive to dispatch it. In Norwegian, the breed is called the Elghund, or “Moose” hound. In fact the Elkhound was used to hunt moose and many other large animals including wolves, bear and even mountain lions. He was also an all-round working dog, pulling sleds and guarding homes and flocks. Though just one of many moose and bear dogs at the time, the Norwegian Elkhound came into his own in 1865 when foundation sire Gamle Bamse Gram was born. Considered ideal for the Gray Elkhound, his build and type became the breed standard in 1887. The Norwegian Elkhound came to North America in the early 20th century. Personality Brave and even-tempered, the Norwegian Elkhound is an all-round companion. He is a good watchdog who will alert to strangers by barking and quickly discern the difference between friend and foe. With his family, he is kind and affectionate. Like most working dogs, the Norwegian Elkhound is happiest when he has a job, be it tracking, pulling sleds, herding or doing agility. Good socialization with other dogs is important.

History Gregarious and fun-loving, the Norwich Terrier’s ancestors originated in England, where small terrier-type ratting dogs were very popular in the 19th century. First whip to the Norwich Staghounds Frank Jones bought and started breeding a number of these terriers, taking some time to find a true type. He distributed the dogs far and wide, even into America, where they originally became known as Jones Terriers. Until 1964, the Norwich Terrier and the Norfolk Terrier were grouped together as one breed. However, History Lunde is Norwegian for “puffin”. the Norwich Terrier is now recognized as This translation lies at the heart of the separate based on its prick ears. Lundehund’s story. These quick, agile dogs Personality Don’t let his size fool you – the originally scoured the Arctic island cliffs off Norwich Terrier is pure personality! This tiny Norway in search of puffins, a colourful bird dog is intelligent, affectionate, energetic and that feeds in northern oceans and breeds in quick to learn tricks, especially if training is rock crevices. It took drive and flexibility to short, fun, and rewarding. The Norwich is navigate those rock caves, and the Norwegian also a devoted family companion. As with Lundehund was bred for the job. A “canine most working dogs, he does best when given contortionist”, his head stretches back to a job — participating in obedience, agility or reach his spine, his forelegs flex out to 90°, simply chasing squirrels. You may think he will and he has several toes on each foot tire easily, but these dogs can go hours before (polydactyl), some of which are double- and needing a break. triple-jointed. The Lundehund’s dexterity Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) helped provide their owners with valuable 12 lb (5.5 kg) puffin meat and feathers. Straight and wiry outercoat with a thick The breed’s numbers decreased mid-1800, undercoat. Ruff that frames the face. Prick ears. when hunters began using nets to catch Shades of red, wheaten, grizzle, black and tan. the birds. Only a group of devotees kept the courageous little dog from extinction. Quick Facts Currently, the Norwegian Lundehund’s Exercise Requirements Grooming popularity is again on the rise.

Appearance 19-21” (49-52 cm) 44-55 lb (20-25 kg)

PUREBRED

Personality Lively, fun and friendly, the Lundehund gets along with children and Medium-length, coarse smooth-lying other dogs. Bred for a demanding job, outercoat. Soft, dense wooly undercoat. he retains all the traits that made him so Various shades of grey. successful: courage, tenacity and agility. He can be stubborn; house-training requires Quick Facts patience. The Norwegian Lundehund Exercise Requirements needs a secure space to exercise; however, Grooming as dynamic as he is, he is not hyperactive. AB Overscaig Perm. Reg’d, Allen and Nina Tait. As hobby breeders for 40 years, we have always “bred the best” (including Norwegian Imports) to maintain the breed’s unique type, soundness, temperament. We breed 1-2 litters/ year. Our puppies are healthy; home-raised; well socialized. They all go to “forever” homes – with health guarantee and continuing breeder support. (403) 886-2649; ninatait@taitoverscaig. com; www.taitoverscaig.com

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NORWICH TERRIER Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Norwegian Elkhound

NORWEGIAN ELKHOUND

Appearance 12-15” (30.5-38 cm) 13-16 lb (6-7 kg) Rough double coat. Extends from red to fawn to grey, often with black-tipped hairs. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BC Amblegreen Reg’d, Heather Tomlins. Quality Norwich Terriers from health-tested champion bloodlines. Puppies and young adults are available occasionally to approved homes by reservation. We CERF test annually and certify hips/patellas/hearts with the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. References are available. Our Norwich are bred for spoiling! Cowichan Bay, BC (778) 229-7852. heather@ amblegreen.com; www.amblegreen.com ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@ dralionkennels.com; www.dralionkennels.com


PAPILLON

History The Otterhound was bred to hunt the otters that were depleting fish in England’s rivers. To appreciate the Otterhound’s aquatic skills, consider that the European otter weighs 20 pounds (9 kg), lives mostly underwater and surfaces only occasionally for air. The otter’s underwater scent trail is called “a drag”, and to follow it, Otterhounds needed to swim for hours. Such a keen nose and staying power support the belief that Bloodhound and Southern Harrier genes found their way into Otterhound DNA.

History The Papillon is a long-standing favourite of royalty, and is depicted in paintings dating back to the 13th century. Likely descended from toy spaniels, these cheerful little dogs earned their name from their unique ears. Pricked ears were named Papillon, after the butterfly, while folded ears were named Phalène, after the night moth. Drop ears prevailed until the late 1800s, when fashions changed and pricked ears were favoured.

Papillon

OTTERHOUND

- See Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling)

History Despite his name, the Old English Sheepdog is in fact a relatively new breed. His exact progenitors are unknown, but he was likely a mix of various herding dogs found in England’s West Country. At the time, taxing excluded working dogs so farmers would dock their dogs’ tails, signifying that they were herders or drovers. The Sheepdog earned its common name, the Bobtail, from this practice. Since his thick hairy coat might interfere with his work, farmers would shear him with the sheep so he could see and work more easily. When dog shows came into fashion at the end of the 19th century, the “Shepherd’s Dog”, as he was then known, became a popular entry. Breeders would spend hours trimming and back-combing his huge coat to create the perfect image of the breed. Old English Sheepdogs made their way to North America in the 1880s, and by the turn of the century, five of the ten wealthiest families in the United States owned and bred them.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG

Though historically a lap dog, the Papillon is also remarkably agile and trainable. In recent times, the breed’s popularity has Some British royalty (including Elizabeth I) increased as the dogs excel in obedience, even bore the title Master of Otterhounds – agility, tracking, and as hearing ear or quite a testament to the breed’s significance. therapy dogs. But in time, the otter population dropped Personality Bubbly and full of life, the so dramatically that the species fell under Papillon is a social dog who loves to get protection, and hunting was banned. The out and about. Early socialization helps Otterhound was then out of a job. The him stay confident with new situations and owners of two solitary packs committed strangers. With his high energy levels and themselves to keeping the breed alive, and intelligence, the Papillon is happiest when established the Otterhound as a show dog. he has things to do, and is an excellent In North America, the Otterhound choice for obedience or agility. He is a quick learner, and loves to try new things. has hunted game, but today’s breed fanciers remain more enamoured with Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) Under 5.5-11 lb (2.5-4.5 kg) the Otterhound’s looks, voice and temperament. Long, straight, fine flowing coat. Chest Personality Friendly, even-tempered and frill. Feathering, particularly on ears. Partiexuberant, the Otterhound loves to play colour or tricolour with patches of any in water – especially if people are included colour on white. in the fun. He has a distinct baying voice, Quick Facts but is not a barker. He is intelligent, but his Exercise Requirements attention span can be short. Scent-driven, Grooming the Otterhound does best in a secure AB country setting.

Personality A natural herder, the Old English Sheepdog continues to practice his herding duties within the home, herding and protecting his family by gently bumping them together. He is eventempered and kind, patient and loving with all who treat him with kindness. The Old English Sheepdog loves to be outdoors and with his heavy coat can tolerate winter Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) weather very well. 65-115 lb (29-52 kg) Appearance 21-24” (53-61 cm) Rough outer coat, woolly water-resistant 60-100 lb (27-46 kg) undercoat. “Grizzle” or sandy colour with Shaggy, harsh profuse outercoat. Waterproof black and tan. pile undercoat. Any shade of grey, grizzle, blue, blue merle with or without white markings, or Quick Facts Exercise Requirements in reverse. Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Apsara Reg’d, Rob Ballantyne. Top quality, home-raised and socialized. Carefully bred producing excellent temperament, type and soundness. 11431 160 Ave, Edmonton, AB T5X 2K7. (780) 457-9601; rballan8@gmail.com; www.apsara-papillons.com ON Bluechip Perm. Reg’d, Olga Gagne. Breeding for health, temperament and correct breed characteristics. Bluechip Papillons are loving companions, intelligent top notch performance dogs, and beautiful conformation champions.

Papillon continued on page 152.

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PUREBRED

NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING RETRIEVER


Parson Russell Terrier

Harsh, dense close outercoat. Short dense undercoat. May also be wiry. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Parents are health tested. Puppies are Grooming Papillon

wormed, microchipped, vaccinated, and health guaranteed. They are ready to become happy members of your family! Breeding since 1997. (905) 262-4682; bluechip149@sympatico.ca; www.bluechippapillons.com

PEKINGESE

Donant-Mercer Robin, Pieridae Reg’d. RR1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.mercerpaps. wixsite.com/mysite

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

PARSON RUSSELL TERRIER

History Originally bred by Parson John “Jack” Russell in the late 1800s, the Parson Russell Terrier was a hunting terrier designed to follow horses and hounds during fox hunts. His great stamina ensured he could keep up with the horses. He was able to spook a fox from his den by following him in and baying at and worrying him without killing him. When the fox bolted, the hunters could continue the chase. A lot of people could not afford to hunt with horses, so many terriers were trained to dig into the dens of prey, attacking and killing them. More aggressive than Parson Russell Terriers, these little dogs were often called Jack Russell Terriers, even though they didn’t meet the standards Russell first aimed to produce. In 1904, Arthur Heinemann attempted to purify the breed. He wrote up a breed standard based on Russell’s original taller terrier, and this became known the Parson Russell Terrier in 2003.

PUREBRED

PETIT BASSET GRIFFON VENDÉEN

Personality Always up for a challenge, the Parson Russell Terrier is a vibrant and fearless fellow. He is lively and engaged in family activities, and loves to be the centre of attention. This smart and energetic dog loves the outdoors and does well with training such as obedience or agility. Early socialization is important to help develop his manners and social skills. Appearance 10-15” (25-33 cm) 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg)

History The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is one of four types of scent hound founded around the 1st century in the French region of Vendéen. The types are separated by size: Grand Griffon, Briquette Griffon, Grand History As the “Lion Dog”, a fierce Basset Griffon, and Petit Basset Griffon. protector against evil spirits, the Pekingese The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen, named belonged exclusively to the Chinese for its characteristic “small, low, rough” Imperial Court. “Foo Dog” idols representing appearance, was bred to hunt in packs, the breed existed as early as the Tang trailing small game such as rabbit, hare and Dynasty of the 8th century. Highly popular the occasional fox. with the nobility, thousands of Originally, both small and large Basset these little dogs lived in Imperial palaces; Griffons could be found in the same litter. 4,000 eunuchs were housed in Peking solely In 1950, however, the Petit Basset Griffon for the purpose of managing their breeding. received separate breed status, and by No one outside the nobility was permitted to 1975 the interbreeding of the two sizes own one, on pain of death. was forbidden. The PBGV came to North In 1860, the British invaded Peking. Fearing America in the 1970s and has since gained capture of their precious dogs, the Imperial popularity worldwide. family ordered them to be destroyed. When Personality Bred to be a pack hunter, the one lady committed suicide, however, her PBGV is a friendly dog who gets along with five “sleeve dogs” remained behind, fiercely his pack, whether human or canine. He is defending their fallen owner. Soldiers caught especially good with children. Happy and the little dogs and brought them back to enthusiastic about life, he loves to follow his England where Queen Victoria received one nose. Time outdoors in a safely fenced area as a gift. As the conquest continued, soldiers is important. found other Pekingese and brought them to England, forming the foundation of the Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) Under 45 lb (20.5 kg) breed we know today. Long rough outercoat. Thick undercoat. Personality Always the pampered dog Beard and moustache. White with any of royalty, the Pekingese was born to be a combination of lemon, orange, tricolour, comforting companion. Confident and grizzle, black or sable. charming, he bonds strongly with his person and can become protective and Quick Facts jealous. Careful socialization at a young Exercise Requirements age helps him gain the confidence so Grooming characteristic of the breed. Because of his short muzzle, he can’t handle a lot of exercise, though short walks are essential to keep him fit and healthy. Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) under 14 lb (6.5 kg) Long, straight, coarse stand-off outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Mane. Some feathering. All colours and markings. May have black mask.

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History One of the most ancient of domesticated dogs, the Pharaoh Hound originated in Egypt. Phoenician traders brought the breed to Malta in exchange for goods, and there the breed continued unadulterated for more than 2,000 years. A sight and scent hound, the dog hunted fowl, hare and rabbit and was known in his native land as the Kelb tal-Fenek (Maltese Rabbit Dog). When the breed arrived in the UK in the 1920s, fans thought these exceptionally elegant dogs resembled the Egyptian dog-god, Anubis, so they were renamed Pharaoh Hounds.

History When game hunting was opened to the general populace in the 1800s, people wanted an all-round hunting dog that could take on any prey. Prince Albrecht zu Solmes-Braunfels combined several successful breeds such as the German Bird Dog, Spanish Pointer and English Pointer. He selected for function and hunting ability rather than breed type and appearance – a deleterious practice. The result was an intelligent hunting dog who would willingly The breed made its way to North America work in water, retrieve and track. Popular Arriving in North America in 1967, the in the 1950s, but their numbers remained with hunters worldwide, the German Shortfirst Pharaoh Hound litter on this side of low as Germany applied limits on who could haired Pointer spread to North America in the Atlantic was born in 1970. The breed’s import these dogs. Today, many North the early 1900s. distinctive colouring, and the fact that it American breeders also prefer to keep the Personality Enthusiastic and full of energy, breed in the hands of those who ensure the the German Short-haired Pointer is an remains odourless, is renewing interest. German Long-haired Pointer receives the Personality The Pharaoh hound is good- outdoor activity to which he is accustomed. intelligent dog and a joy to train. He loves to work, whether by hunting, doing obedience, humoured and affectionate, especially with children. He is an intelligent dog Personality Strong and possessing lots of playing flyball or running agility courses. who is easy to train. True to his ancestry, stamina, the German Long-haired Pointer Always up for a run, he needs opportunities the active Pharaoh Hound loves the thrives in an environment where his mind to get out and exercise his hunting instincts. excitement of agility and lure coursing, and body are stimulated by new challenges. He loves his family, and is good with but when he is not hunting, he is a calm He loves to run and swim. As well as being children. and attuned member of the family. A a superb athlete, he is a good-natured, calm Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) safe, secured area will allow the Pharaoh and steady dog. 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Hound to exercise and indulge his Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) Short, rough hard outercoat. Dense short playful side. 66 lb (29.9 kg) undercoat. Solid liver or black, liver or black Appearance 21-25” (53.5-63.5 cm) Slightly wavy, weather-resistant coat. Solid and white spotted and/or ticked, liver or 45-55 lb (20.5-25 kg) liver colour, liver with white markings, or black roan. May have tan markings. Short, glossy, rich tan colour coat with white with liver markings. Quick Facts white markings. Eyes, eye rims, nose and lip Quick Facts Exercise Requirements colour blend with coat colour. Nose and ears Exercise Requirements Grooming “blush” when excited. Grooming History A rare breed in North America, the German Long-haired Pointer has long been a favourite sporting dog in its native country. Originally a hunter of big game – some say as early as medieval times – it later moved to farm and field. When the heavier version of the dog was crossed with English Setters and French Spaniels, German clubs registered standards for this more agile Long-haired Pointer. This classification dates to 1879.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

“I have found that when you are deeply troubled, there are things you get from the silent devoted companionship of a dog that you can get from no other source.”

AB Pointer Crazy Pointers. GSP Puppies raised in our family home with their own mom and dad as our pets. Making Happy, Confident, Alert and Well Socialized Puppies! First Shots. Tails Docked. Very Versatile. Life Time Support. Like us on Facebook! Call or Text (403) 302-2667; www.Facebook.com/PointerCrazyPointers; www.pointercrazy.com/

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Pointer (German Short-haired)

POINTER (GERMAN SHORT-HAIRED)

PUREBRED

POINTER (GERMAN LONG-HAIRED) Photo: Osiris Pharaoh Hounds

PHARAOH HOUND


POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG POMERANIAN

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Pointer (German Wire-haired)

POINTER (GERMAN WIRE-HAIRED)

History While several types of gundogs existed in late 19th century Germany, hunters wanted an even more rugged breed. It’s believed they crossed the German Shorthaired Pointer with either the Airedale, the Poodle, or the Griffon, and the result was a sort of all-terrain canine who could track all kinds of game. The German Wire-haired Pointer is more rugged than his short-haired cousin; he has a weather-resistant coat, and rates high in courage and stamina. The German Wire-haired Pointer came to North America in the 1920s, but was not registered until much later. In its native Germany, the “Drahthaar” breed club demands breeders meet conformation and performance tests, which accounts for some variation between the European and the North American types.

History Dating to the 16th century, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog, or Polish Owczarek Nizinny (PON), is descended from the Hungarian Puli. He is likely the link between the corded breeds and longcoated herding dogs of Eastern Europe such as the Scottish Bearded Collie. An excellent herder, the PON was also a guard and watchdog. Like many breeds, the PON nearly died off during the Second World War. These dogs were preserved thanks to Dr. Danuta Hryniewicz and her dog Smok, who sired ten litters in the 1950s. All modern Polish Lowland Sheepdogs descend from Smok, whose type became the breed standard in 1959. The PON only gained recognition in North America during the last decade.

History The smallest Spitz-type breed, the German Zwergspitz, or Pomeranian as we know him, wasn’t always tiny. In the 18th century, the Pomeranian weighed around 30 lb. When Queen Victoria took an interest in the breed, however, she preferred smaller specimens, so breeders soon produced dogs weighing closer to 12 lb. Other famous Pomeranian owners include Marie Antoinette and Amadeus Mozart. Modern breeders have reduced the average size of the breed to around 5 lb. The Pomeranian remains a highly popular toy breed, well loved for his foxy face and fluffy coat.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

patterns, variations.

Personality A true feisty Spitz in temperament, the Pomeranian is an alert intelligent dog who believes he is as large Personality Loyal and devoted to his family, as his ancestors were. A natural watchdog, the PON is a herding dog at heart. He he is suspicious of strangers and will let you Personality Energetic and eager to please, protects and cares for his “flock”, and can be know if he believes something is not quite the German Wire-Haired Pointer makes pushy if not well trained and socialized. His a sound, affectionate companion in the calm nature and easy intelligence make him right. The Pomeranian wants to be involved country or the city – as long as he gets plenty pleasant to be around. He likes to work and in all aspects of life, though is not clingy. His intelligence and willingness to please of work out-of-doors. He is more introverted benefits from activities such as obedience, make him easy to train. Pomeranians love than his cousin, the German Short-haired rally, flyball and agility. to learn tricks and do well in obedience, Pointer, so ongoing socialization will keep rally and agility. Appearance 16-20” (40-51 cm) him confident in a gathering. 35-50 lb (16-23 kg) Appearance 7-12” (18-30 cm) Appearance 22-26” (55.8-66 cm) 3-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) Long, shaggy thick outercoat. Soft dense 45-75 lb (20.5-34 kg) undercoat. Long hair over eyes. All colours Long, straight harsh outercoat. Soft, fluffy Wiry coat of solid liver, liver roan, or liver thick undercoat. Neck ruff. All colours, and white. Bushy eyebrows, beard and and patches acceptable. whiskers bestow character. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Rangelandz Reg’d, Martina Melnyk. (780) 938-2020; rangelandz@hotmail.com; www. rangelandz.com BC WigglyPaws Reg’d, Betty Spitzer. Small breeder of White poms and Wolf Sable poms. Raised in home. Breeder since 2000. (250) 278-1919; betty@wigglypaws.com; www.wigglypaws.com


Health guarantee. Karina Cowie. Box 2 Site 21 RR2, Strathmore, AB, T1P 1K5. 403-9345133; edencourtkennels@gmail.com; www. edencourtkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

POODLE (STANDARD)

Seransil Standard Poodles Perm. Reg’d. Breeder of CKC registered standard poodles out of health screened championship stock specializing in silvers, whites/creams, & silver/ beige. Our poodles serve as companion dogs, show dogs, performance & service dogs. Our puppies are health guaranteed. Puppies and stud services available. (403) 381-6890; evelynsera2@ gmail.com; www.seransilpoodles.com

Chocolates are our specialty. All colours available. Baylee is a chocolate male. Bred/ Owned by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels.

History To the surprise of some, poodles are actually working water dogs. The name comes from the German term “pudel”, which refers to his love of splashing and playing in water. In France, the breed is known as “Caniche”, a combination of the words “chien” for dog and “canard” for duck. A Poodle’s clip allowed him greater freedom of movement in the water, yet kept vulnerable regions warm and protected. A long tradition of artists have enjoyed creating ever more flamboyant clip designs. Today, Poodles are still a favourite of grooming competitions because their ever moldable coats support incredible coiffures, often with bright colours. There are four sizes of Poodle: Standard, Medium, Miniature and Toy. The Miniature is very popular, large enough to remain sturdy while fitting into most homes, yet small enough to be picked up and be a lap dog.

Fully tested and from ch. bloodlines. Pictured above is Faith at 6 months old. Owned/Bred by Maria Almeida at Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Stanley, NB.

History Though sometimes called the “French Poodle”, this breed does not come from France but instead has its roots in Germany. A water dog, the poodle hunts and retrieves fowl from swamps and lakes. The distinct poodle clip keeps the dog warm while working in cold waters, without slowing him down as he swims. Poodles have many claims to fame, not the least of which is their intelligence and highly trainable nature. The Standard Poodle is the largest. He is highly versatile and has been used for many purposes, including as a guide dog, hearing ear dog, seizure detector, cancer detector, mobility assistant and therapy dog. Poodles also succeed at herding, hunting, pulling sleds, obedience, agility and pretty much anything else they are asked to do.

Personality One of the most intelligent breeds, the Miniature Poodle is a lively fellow who enjoys having something to do. He can be a bit shy and sensitive, and requires good socialization to bring out his confidence and cheerful nature. Excellent trick dogs, Miniature Poodles are great fun to train, and Personality A proud intelligent dog, the this helps keep their minds occupied. Standard Poodle is an exceptionally versatile companion. He is good with children and Appearance 10-15” (25-38 cm) other animals, with an affectionate nature 15-20 lb (7-9 kg) and desire to please. Happy outdoors or Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense in, he enjoys both mental exercise while throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even training and doing tricks, and good oldcords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. fashioned runs outside. Quick Facts AppearanceOver 15” (38 cm) Exercise Requirements 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Grooming Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, NB Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are home even cords of varying lengths. Any solid raised with children. We have miniature, colour. standard and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Stanley, NB. (506) 367-3321; calvarykennel@gmail.com; www. calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com/ (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.) PEI LEEANNS POODLES Perm. Reg’d. Champion Health Tested Parents. Puppies are born in my living room and raised in my home. Lifetime

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AB Edencourt Kennels, Exotic Standard Poodles in silver, white and apricot. With the sweetest temperaments, good looks and brains. Testing current. Country raised with other dogs and children. Stud service to approved bitches. In silver or white. Pedigree on request.

Poodle (Standard)

Breeder Support. Red, Apricot and Black. 277 Line of Lot Road, RR 5, Souris, PEI C0A 2B0. (902) 687-1370; leeannspoodles@hotmail.com; www. leeannspoodles.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

BC Reigate Standard Poodles Perm. Reg’d, Suzanne Loblaw. Member of CKC and Poodle Club of Canada. Home raised Champion quality puppies occasionally from fully health tested Champion parents and using the UC Davis genetic profile guidelines for preserving diversity. (250) 334-9334; sloblaw@ shaw.ca; www.reigatepoodles.com; www. reigatepoodles.blogspot.com WinterGarden Reg’d, MJ Winters. We are a small home based “kennel”. We breed sparingly, puppies are whelped and brought up in our kitchen and beautiful backyard. Puppies are loved and handled from birth. Parents are health tested and are champions, most often in both Canada and the US. Kamloops, BC (250) 579-8841; winterbarry@gmail.com NB Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are home raised with children. We have miniature, standard and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Stanley, NB. (506) 367-3321; calvarykennel@gmail.com; www. calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com/ (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) ON Colors Reg’d, Kim Medeiros. Home raised. Temperament a priority. Parents Tested. Guarantees are given. Washago, ON (705) 6896429; doggydo128@hotmail.com Cuttingedge Reg’d, Birgit Johnston. Small breeder of Standard, Klein, and Miniature poodles. All our dogs are DNA health tested, colour tested, and PennHips are done. We aim to breed healthy dogs that make stunning and well-tempered pets. Our dogs are our pets and live in our home - not kennels. We have a holistic approach to dog-rearing. We feed raw and follow limited vaccine protocol using little to no toxic chemicals on or around our dogs. We have litters 2-4 times a year. (289) 2142354; cuttingedgepetservices@gmail.com; www.cuttingedgepetservices.com

Poodle (Standard) continued on page 156.

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POODLE (MINIATURE)


Poodle (Standard)

POODLE (TOY) Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Standard Poodle puppies are highly intelligent, well socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and come home very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Standard Poodles are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, herding, or hunting. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Your puppy will also go home with our exclusive Magisterial 5-year health guarantee and puppy pack, health insurance policy, CKC registration, microchipped, and much more. Roblin, ON (613) 453-1773; adam@magisterialkennels. com; www.magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Mary Jane T. Weir, Tyldesley-Titian-Amar Kennels. Poodles since 1948. Founding member Poodle Club of Canada; 50-year lifetime member CKC. Kennel partner Beverly Tufford, Amar Kennels. Home-raised black, blue, silver, cream, apricot, red. Breeding stock mainly outcrossed; lower risk of immune diseases validated by UC Davis genetic profile. Health tested, performance potential tested. Mulmur, ON. (519) 925-2658; mjtweir@bell.net

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Syquefine Reg’d, Christina Pierce. Est. 2004. Stunning Reds, Apricots, Blacks, Blues and Silvers. Health-tested. Written Health Guarantee. Family-raised, well-socialized and well-loved puppies for pet or show from champion lines. Emphasis on health, temperament, intelligence, and trainability. Lifetime of breeder support. Visitors welcome. Napanee, ON. cell: (613) 328-4511; syquefine@gmail.com; www.syquefinestandardpoodles.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

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PORTUGUESE SHEEPDOG

All colours available. Toy Apricot Poodle Bred/ Owned by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels.

History The Portuguese Sheepdog was born to herd. Sheep, goats, cattle, horses, History The Toy Poodle is the smallest, pigs...the breed’s driving instinct and long and was created from the Standard Poodle coat served it well in harsh climates. Of by breeding for small size. Originally waterdogs, Poodles are now prized for uncertain origin, it’s possible the Portuguese their versatility. Many performing artists Sheepdog descended from a pair of Briards in circuses preferred poodles over other in the early 1900s. Then again, it resembles breeds. Highly intelligent, the dogs could both the Pyrenees from France and the be trained to do any trick, and worked well Catalan Sheepdog from Spain. By the end in combinations using all their different sizes and types. Circuses are turning away of the 1970’s, the Portuguese Sheepdog had from the use of animals, but Poodles remain faded in popularity. popular as entertainers. Toy Poodles are But not long after, various groups of particularly popular due to their tiny size. breeders and owners that fancied the Personality A lapdog in size, the Toy Portuguese Sheepdog connected in an Poodle is an intelligent dog who loves to effort to repopulate the breed. They began perform tricks for his people. He needs to be mentally stimulated to keep him selecting for traits that made the dog more happy, and good training and socialization suitable as a pet, such as devotion to his help moderate his sensitive nature. Like family. While the breed’s full historical many toy breeds, he is cautious around story remains somewhat of a mystery, it’s young children, who tend to be loud and widely acknowledged that a combination boisterous. The Toy Poodle loves to be with of these new traits, combined with his his people. age-old eagerness to work, kept him from Appearance Under 10” (25 cm) disappearing altogether. 4-8 lb (2-3.5 kg) Personality A quick and lively outdoor Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, worker, the Portuguese Sheepdog is a good dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in companion for a knowledgeable owner tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. who can appreciate and channel his strong driving instinct. Though he can be wary of Quick Facts strangers, he is very faithful to his family and Exercise Requirements Grooming often takes it upon himself to protect them. This breed is also extremely eager to learn, NB and has the energy and smarts required to Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are home raised with children. We have miniature, become a well-trained companion for work, standard and toy sizes to choose from in sport and play. various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Stanley, NB. (506) 367-3321; calvarykennel@gmail.com; www. calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com/ (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

ON Pomroth Reg’d, Helen M. Hamilton. Home raised, solid coloured toy poodles in black or brown. Trained young adults sometimes available. See pictures of our dogs on website. Ontario. pomroth@bell.net; www. pomrothtoypoodles.com

Appearance 16.5-22” (42-55 cm) 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) A tousled coat of yellow, fawn, chestnut and grey – from light to dark. Scant white on chest. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Gr. CH. Canada and United States. CH. Mexico, Norway, Sweden, Italy, Great Britain, Portugal – Hi Seas Dr. Romeo MacDuff, in European trim. 2017 Crufts BoB, #4 Working Group. Bred by Katie de Bettencourt, Mary Barbara and Michael Alexander. Owned by L. Glenda Newton, MacDuff Reg’d.

PUG

Pug

dog. Baywood dogs excel at many events such as obedience, rally, water work, tracking, therapy & especially agility. Best of all we have great family dogs! Find us on Facebook.com/ BaywoodPWD & Instagram @BaywoodPWD. Inquiries via email: baywooddogs@gmail.com; www.baywooddogs.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

PORTUGUESE WATER DOG

ON Acostar Reg’d, Lesley Miller. We breed quality PWDs for temperament, type, and health and raise them in our home surrounded by family. All breeding dogs are CKC Champions with PRA, EOPRA, GM-1, IC-13, JDCM, and OFA hips, elbows, and eye clearances. All pups are health checked and guaranteed, vaccinated and microchipped before going home. (613) 469-0303; lesley@acostarpwds.com; www. acostarpwds.com

AB Baywood Reg’d, Brenda Brown. Quality bred Portuguese Water Dogs in Edmonton, Alberta. Our dogs are not just show champions but working/performance dogs with great genetics behind them. Because of this we also have absolutely wonderful puppy owners. We encourage our owners to get involved with activities that are fun for their family and

564-6411; www.sailormoonkennels.com

QC MacDuff Portuguese Water Dog Reg’d, Glenda Newton. Member of the CKC since 1986, breeding PWDs since 1996. Inquiries are always welcome. Hudson, QC (450) 458-2111; newton. glenda@gmail.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

PugPaws Reg’d, Marigo Schwerdtfeger. Breeding for temperament and health. Quality home-raised puppies, fully guaranteed. Limited litters. Shipping across Canada. Haley Station, ON. marigo@bell.net; www.pugpaws.com

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History Originating in China alongside the Pekingese, the Pug was always a companion dog, and was reserved for the Imperial family and their friends. As the Dutch East Kyessiline Reg’d. Portuguese Water Dog, India Company made its way across the History An old breed, the Portuguese Water Puppies are raised in the house. The parents have world, they were able to obtain some Pugs Dog, or Cão de Agua, helped drive fish all their health clearances. Fully Registered with and bring them back to Holland. There into fishermen’s nets. He was an essential the CKC. Puppies are seen by a vet, vaccinated, the Prince of Orange claimed them as the member of the Portuguese crew. He served dewormed and microchipped. We give a two the vessels by retrieving things from the year full refund or replacement guarantee. Anna official breed of the House of Orange after water, sometimes even diving for them, and Kyessi, (613) 674-5580; anna@kyessilinekennels. a Pug saved his life from Spaniards in 1572. Later, when the Prince’s grandson William delivering messages from the ship. By the ca; www.kyessilinekennels.ca III took the English throne, he brought early 1900s, technology made the Portuguese Water Dog’s role redundant, and the breed Ondulado Perm. Reg’d, Cathie & Steve Sockett. several Pugs with him. Later Royals to keep Since 1990. Breeding for temperament, type, and Pugs included Queen Victoria, the Duke fell by the wayside. trainability. All breeding stock health tested. Welland Duchess of Windsor, and Napoleon’s In the 1930s, a wealthy Portuguese shipping socialized, home-raised puppies occasionally. wife, Josephine. magnate took an interest in the breed and Health guarantee. Severn, ON. (705) 329-1482; Pugs came to North America in the mid began efforts to save it from extinction. cathie@ondulado.ca; www.ondulado.ca A mere 35 dogs were brought to North Ricelake Portuguese Water Dogs, Cathy 1800s and it’s now one of the most popular America in the 1960s, where dedicated Gonzalez. Our dogs are bred to CKC standard and recognized breeds in the world. breeders continued the effort to revive the as well as for their great temperaments and Personality The Pug is a small dog full Portuguese Water Dog. intelligence but most importantly for health. All of character. He is even-tempered, clever Personality A fearless, lively and dedicated our dogs live with us in our home and all puppies and curious, and attracts attention with his service dog, the Portuguese Water Dog loves are born & raised in the house. Every Porti puppy unique appearance and pleasant personality. his family and will do anything to keep them is fully guaranteed. All our breeding dogs have happy. Although easily trained, he likes to been tested for GMI, IC, JDCM, PRA & Hips. Friendly and good with people of all ages, think for himself and can get distracted if he All puppies leave with full 2 year guarantee he is affectionate and enjoys a good cuddle. doesn’t know what is expected of him. The & lifetime breeder support. We are located He can’t work too hard due to a shortened nose that can give him breathing problems. Portuguese Water Dog loves to work, and in the Northumberland Hills approximately needs to have a job. He excels at obedience, However, it is still important to get him out agility, water sports and any other sport his 1.5hr drive east from Toronto. Please visit our and about to prevent obesity. website to learn more about us and our dogs. owner might want to try. (705) 924-2509; c_reg_4@hotmail.com; www. Appearance 10-14” (25-36 cm) Appearance 16-23” (42-59 cm) portuguesewaterdogsatricelake.com 14-18 lb (6.5-8 kg) 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) SailorMoon PWDs Reg’d, Joan Gatfield. Short, smooth fine coat. Fawn, black, silver, Curly coat: compact, cylindrical curls, little Outgoing, fun-loving, puppies available to apricot. Black mask. shine. Wavy coat: falls gently in waves, slight families that appreciate an intelligent and active sheen. Black, white, brown or combinations dog; who will include their puppy in a loving Quick Facts of black or brown with white. family home. Puppies go to their new families Exercise Requirements Quick Facts with a veterinary examination, vaccinations, 6 Grooming Exercise Requirements weeks of puppy health insurance, a microchip for Grooming identification and registered with the CKC. (519) ON


RETRIEVER (CHESAPEAKE BAY)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

PUMI

Photo: Catskill Kennel

Puli

PULI

History The Puli immigrated to Hungary in the early 9th century with the Magyars and their flocks of sheep. The early dogs varied widely in type and are the progenitors of the Puli, Komodor, Kuvasz and Tibetan Terrier. Pulis are the ultimate sheepherding dog. Darker-coated dogs guarded flocks during the day, while lighter-coated dogs guarded at night. The dogs were so valuable that a shepherd might save a year’s wages just to purchase one. Their unique technique of jumping on the backs of sheep made them an unusual and effective flock manager.

History Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay thrived on huge flocks of waterfowl native to the region. Taking hundreds of birds at a time, they needed dogs that could work for hours in the frigid waters, retrieving birds and bringing them to shore. In 1807, a ship carrying two Newfoundland-type dogs sank near the Maryland shore. The two dogs, named Canton and Sailor, were bred to local dogs including other types of retriever, water spaniels and otter hounds. The resulting dogs were long-footed with short water-resistant coats, and could tolerate cold water without becoming chilled. The Chesapeake Bay Retriever remains a prized water bird hunter, and they are also excellent search and rescue dogs, trackers, guide dogs and sled dogs. Current breeders focus on keeping the working traits that make the Chesapeake Bay Retriever so valuable, and promote their dogs both in the show ring and the field. Personality The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is a tough, tenacious and strong-minded dog. He is a working dog that needs a job to keep happy. When not working, he is an affectionate and family-friendly companion that is easy to care for. While content indoors, he loves to be outside and of course adores swimming.

Appearance 14-18” (37-46 cm) 22-33 lb (10-15 kg)

Appearance 15-18.5 in (38-47 cm) 17-33 lbs (7.5-15 kg)

Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) 55-80 lb (25-37 kg)

Weather-resistant coat with long, wavy or curly coarse outercoat. Fine, soft dense undercoat. Mature coat naturally forms cords. Solid black, rusty black, all shades of grey, white, apricot.

Various colours, including grey, black, white, rusty brown, and fawn with mask. Soft undercoat with strong, curly outercoat that forms tufts.

Short, hard, oily water-resistant outercoat. Wooly, dense fine undercoat. Any shade of brown, sedge (red-gold) or deadgrass (straw to bracken). White markings acceptable.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Photo: Catskill Pumi

History The Pumi gets its origins from the Puli, an ancient sheepherding breed brought to Hungary by the Magyars about a thousand years ago. During the 17th and 18th centuries, foreign herder and terrier breeds were mixed with the Puli, and the result was the smaller more agile dog we know today as the Pumi. The Pumi was an ideal farm dog; he herded sheep, cattle, and pigs, and also hunted small rodents to keep farms free of vermin. In the early 20th century, Dr. Emil Raitsis recognized the separate characteristics of the two Hungarian Interbreeding and wars decimated the sheepdogs, which began the selective purebred Puli until 1912, when Emil Raitsits breeding process of enhancing the breedrecognized the dog’s value. In 1915, he specific traits of the Pumi. In the early 1900s wrote up a breed standard and worked the Pumi was officially identified as its own to reconstruct the Puli, specifically by distinct breed. preserving its size, colour and coat. While there were originally four sizes of Puli, the Personality The Pumi is always very middle-sized dog was most versatile and playful, and his whimsical expressions and quirky antics can make him a very amusing became the true breed type. companion. With the alertness of the terriers Personality Like many guardian breeds, the and the intelligence of the herding breeds, Puli is an excellent watchdog and guardian. the Pumi is highly trainable and a fantastic He is cautious with strangers, and takes time to show dog. Known for his ability to excel at develop trust. But he is affectionate and devoted a variety of sports, as well as freestyle canine to those he calls his own. A working dog, the dancing, his energy makes him a great Puli likes to be kept occupied, and responds companion for people who enjoy an active well to training. Early socialization with a variety lifestyle. Socialization is important because he can be somewhat shy with strangers. of people and places will be a plus.

NS Immerzu Perm. Reg’d, Terry & Stephanie Horan. We are proud to be Canada’s winningest Puli breeders. Puppies are occasionally available for showing, performance events, and as lively, loving companions. Older dogs are sometimes available. All breeding stock health checked. Delighted to offer advice and information from our 50 years’ experience with the breed. 14924 Hwy 6, RR 2, Wallace Ridge, NS B0K 1E0. (902) 257-1143; stephanie@immerzupuli.com; www. immerzupuli.com

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Conroy Reg’d Kennel, Rita Jones. Working bloodlines bred for temperaments, retrieving ability, Conformation (structure) and excellent work ethics. Breeding stock all have certified health clearances for DM, IEC, Hips, Elbows, and eyes. Puppies come with a written guarantee. Puppies available occasionally. Forty-five years of breeding and competing in Retrieving, Obedience, and Conformation with my dogs. Woodville, ON (705) 439-2747; deadgrass@sympatico.ca


Personality Gentle and even-tempered, the Curly is also loyal and protective of his family. While he can be a bit reserved with strangers, his playful side peeks out with people he knows and loves. Known for his good manners, the Curly is also hard-working and intelligent, and makes a wonderful companion for outdoor-minded families, particularly those who like to swim! Training sessions for these quickminded dogs tend to work better if they’re kept short and interesting. Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-80 lb (29.5-36.5 kg) Distinguished from other Retrievers by its uniquely textured, curly coat. Coat is water resistant and requires only occasional bathing and towelling after getting wet. Coat colour can be black or liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average

History In the mid to late 1800s, S.E. Shirley produced a close-working gun dog he called the Flat-Coated Retriever. Crossed from a variety of breeds such as Newfoundland, Labrador, Setter, Water Spaniel and Collie, the Flat-Coated Retriever became a popular show and working breed at the turn of the century. Later interest in Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers saw a decline in the breed, and many remaining dogs did not survive the two World Wars.

Retriever (Golden)

CH Makani’s My Heart Will Go On, OD. Am/Can CH RUSH HILL’S HAAGEN DAZS, AM CDX, WCX x CH MAKANI’S FULL OF MALAR KEY, OD. Dam of 9 Can. CH. “WIN” has stamped her excellence on a 30 yr+ breeding program. Bred/Owned by Betsey Ryan, Makani Meadows Reg’d.

History In the mid 1800s, the English preferred black Retrievers, but Sir Dudley Majoribanks decided to develop a goldencoloured Wavy-Coated Retriever. He purchased a yellow Flat-Coated Retriever Stanley O’Neill revived the breed in the and bred it to the Tweed Water Spaniel, 1960s. Today, the Flat-Coated Retriever a now-extinct, curly-coated light-coloured remains uncommon, though he is breed. The resulting dogs were then crossed to other light-coloured breeds recognized as an effective sporting dog. such as Yellow Labradors, Red Setters and Efforts to maintain both type and working other Wavy-Coated Retrievers. In time, the traits allowed the breed to remain consistent “Golden Flat Coat” type was established, through working and showing lines. and in 1920 renamed the Golden Retriever. Personality Sometimes referred to as the Golden Retrievers came to North America Peter Pan of the dog world, the Flat-Coated in the 1920s and immediately gained a Retriever has a puppy-like personality he following. Golden Retrievers are one of maintains throughout his life. He is a keen the world’s most popular breeds, and and intelligent hunter who loves children frequently used as service dogs because of and bonds closely to his family, preferring to their kind and intelligent personalities. be around them as much as possible. The Flat-Coated Retriever is quick to learn and Personality Known worldwide for his does very well in sports such as agility, flyball easy-going nature, the Golden Retriever is said to be born wanting to please. He is or obedience. an intelligent dog and one of the easiest Appearance 22-25” (56-62 cm) to train. Energetic, but not excitable, the 60-80 lb (27-37 kg) Golden enjoys a good run and some games. Moderate length coat, straight or slightly He is wonderful with children of all ages, wavy, flat-lying, weather resistant. Feathering. and pets of all sizes. Black or liver colour. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 55-75 lb (25-34 kg) Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

NS FLEETWING PERM. REG’D. Kathy Howland PUPPIES AVAILABLE NOW and in 2020. Quality Flat-Coated Retrievers since 1983. Breeder of top show and obedience dogs as well as super hunting dogs and family pets in Canada /US. Health tested/health guaranty. fleetwing1@ gmail.com FB Fleetwing Flat-Coated Retrievers.

Straight or wavy, firm, dense water-resistant outercoat. Good undercoat. Neck ruff. Various shades of gold and cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Bonnieview Kennel Reg’d, Lorraine Bain. Mount Forest, ON. (519) 323-6071; dlbain@ bonnieviewkennels.ca; www.bonnieviewkennels.ca

Retriever (Golden) continued on page 160.

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History The Curly Coated Retriever is one of the oldest Retriever breeds. Known fondly as “the Curly” for his thick mass of tight curls, his ancestry is a bit unsure, though experts believe his background includes the St. John’s Newfoundland, the Old English Water Spaniel and the Poodle. The Curly gained popularity when hunters needed a working companion to find and retrieve the birds in the field, regardless of the conditions. He’s still recognized as an excellent gun and hunting dog, and is exceedingly popular in Australia and New Zealand.

RETRIEVER (GOLDEN)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

RETRIEVER (FLAT-COATED)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

RETRIEVER (CURLY-COATED)


Makani Meadows Reg’d, Betsey Ryan. Breeding Goldens with a purpose for show and obedience but above all loving family companions. Thirty-five minutes north of Pearson Airport. Orangeville area. (519) 9413170; makanimeadows@bell.net (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 159 and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Wimberway Reg’d. Ivan Paul. Puppies occasionally. Adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. sandy@wimberway.com. www. wimberway.com/golden.html.

RETRIEVER (LABRADOR)

Pictured here is Leo, one of our pups from 2018. His parents Red and Bug are both available to meet. Red is from all show and working lines. Bug is our smallest female who is absolutely ball crazy. Both her and Red love people. Bred/Owned by Ken & Cathy Pellizzari, Goshen Ridge Reg’d.

PUREBRED

History One of two breeds originating in North America, the Labrador is possibly descended from native dogs that interbred with those arriving in the 1600s with European fishing vessels. The Labrador is a hardy breed uniquely designed to withstand the difficult climate of Canada’s coastline. Smaller than the Newfoundland, the Labrador had excellent retrieving abilities, and became popular with waterfowl hunters worldwide. His type and talents were so desirable that the Labrador was used in many breeding programs, producing breeds such as the Flat-Coated, Chesapeake Bay and Golden Retrievers.

Short, straight dense outercoat. Soft weather-resistant undercoat. Black, yellow, chocolate. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Whiterobin Kennels, Cynthia White. All puppies come Canadian Kennel Club registered, 1st set of shots, dew claws done, de-wormed, microchipped, some crate conditioning, very well socialized, a health guarantee, and 6 weeks pet insurance. We are here for you, offering our support to provide you with our care and attention to assist you in raising a wellmannered puppy which will become a wellmannered adult dog. We offer LIFETIME return policy and LIFETIME support for you and your new family member. Princeton, BC (250) 2957939; whiterobinkennels@outlook.com; www. whiterobin-kennels.com ON ASKLAR PERM REG’D LABRADOR RETRIEVERS breeding quality Labradors since 1991 , breeding Blacks, Chocolates and yellows (Cream to Fox Red). We have a written health guarantee, Health Clearances are done on all breeding stock. We offer full after-purchase support. Breeders of Top awards. Beaverton, ON. 705-426-5154; www.asklarlabradors.com Bellbrooke Labradors Reg’d, Christine Handley. CKC registered Labradors. All puppies are registered, veterinary inspected, vaccinated & microchipped. Written health guarantee. Raised in our smoke-free home, socialized with our other dogs. Four generation pedigree. Excellent field and champions in bloodlines. Healthy, energetic pups. Highly motivated, and very trainable. CKC member breeder with over 35 years experience, adhering to the CKC Member Code of Ethics & the CKC Breeder Code of Practice. Reservations accepted in advance to approved homes and confirmed by deposit only. Serious enquiries are invited. (705) 738-6716; bellbrooke@hotmail.com; www. bellbrookelabs.com

Evenstar Labradors Reg’d, Jacklyn Hayhurst. Puppies are home-raised naturally, well socialized with a head start on learning experiences. Guaranteed. Our girls and puppies excel in Show, Obedience, and Field or as loving companions. Breeding stock is tested and cleared for hips, elbows, eyes, CNM, HNPK, EIC, DM. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-3012; jhayhurst@sympatico.ca; www. evenstarlabradors.com Goshen Ridge Reg’d, Ken & Cathy Pellizzari. Reg’d Breeders of quality black, chocolate, yellow & fox red Labrador Retrievers. Well temperamented for a family. Also great for hunting, agility, or fly ball. 565 Goshen Road, Tillsonburg, ON (519) 842-0960 Cathy’s cell: (519) 688-8815 Ken’s cell; goshenridgelabs@ hotmail.com; www.goshenridgelabs.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, Sandy Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. sandy@wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com

RETRIEVER (NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Retriever (Golden)

Appearance 21-25” (54-62 cm) 55-80 lb (25-37 kg)

History After observing the antics of foxes, hunters in Little River, Nova Scotia decided to breed a dog that could imitate this hunting style, called “tolling”. One fox would play by the water’s edge, drawing the curiosity of the geese, while another would hide in the brush, ready to pounce. The “Little River Duck Dog” worked in a similar way, fetching an object thrown by the hunter, who would hide in a blind. Dancing and playing as he Blackpool Perm. Reg’d, Darryl Tuominen. We retrieved, the dog would attract the birds’ breed for temperament, health, and longevity. curiosity. The hunter would shoot once the We clear parents for hips, elbows, eyes, heart, birds were close enough, and the dog would DNA test all our dogs for PRA 1 and 2, plus then retrieve them.

Though the breed originated in Canada, the first Labrador Retrievers registered in Canada were found on the west coast, and were imported from the US and England. PRDC PRA, skin disorder Ichthyosis DM. Our But the breed soon gained popularity in home raised puppies to come with a three Bred specifically to look like and imitate Canada and now stands as the most popular year guarantee and 6 weeks of pet insurance foxes, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers dog in the world. plus lifetime support. Our Callie was number come from a combination of breeds Personality Perhaps a perfect family one Golden in Ontario. We offer champion and including Flat-Coated Retrievers, Labrador dog, the Labrador Retriever is known for Grand Champion stud service. Visit our site for Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels and Irish his sensible, affectionate, even-tempered more information. www.blackpoolkennels.com Setters. The breed is recognized as Nova nature and his intelligence and willingness (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Scotia’s Provincial Dog. to please. He is highly trainable and excels Personality Playful and exuberant, the in a wide range of sports. An energetic dog, Devonsleigh Kennels, Joanne Fernall. 1280 the Labrador needs a good run to work off Webster Road, Norwood, ON (705) 639- Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Dog loves to steam, as well as things to do to keep his 1210; devonsleigh@sympatico.ca; www. retrieve. He needs lots of exercise and a way to make use of his talents. At home, he is mind occupied. He is friendly with other devonsleigh.com affectionate and devoted to his people. His animals, and excellent with kids. 160

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Water-resistant, medium-length, moderately soft outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. Whiskers. Feathering. Various shades of red or orange. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming NS Redland Reg’d, Sandy Bruce. Occasional puppies from sound bloodlines of hip and eye cleared breeding stock. Stud dogs to approved bitches. Inquiries and visitors welcome. PO Box 239 Mahone Bay, NS. (902) 624-0168; nsdtr@ iname.com; www.redlandkennels.net; www. redlandkennels.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming MB Stalkmoor Perm Reg’d, Mrs MJ Apostle. Rhodesian Ridgebacks only since 1967. homeraised for loving and kind dispositions, gentle hearts and noble minds. Not selling for guard or hunting purposes. Approved homesonly. PO Box 28, Grp 319, RR 3, Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876 (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

ROTTWEILER

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

RHODESIAN RIDGEBACK

Short, sleek, glossy, dense coat. Light wheaten to red wheaten.

History Roman soldiers travelling across “Stalkmoor Glen Lyon” OFA – R.R. DM 2107/36 Europe took their food along with them “on M-NOPI “The Charmer” – “Toby” a Friend to all with the hoof”. The herds were driven by huge a heart of gold. Bred/Owned by Mrs. M.J. Apostle, Mastiffs. As cattle were eaten, or left at Stalkmoor Perm. Reg’d, PO Box 28, Group 319, RR 3, outposts, the dogs remained behind at drop Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876 points, one of which was the town of Rottweil History The Rhodesian Ridgeback’s in Germany. Roman Mastiffs and local dogs history begins in South Africa, where his interbred, producing an imposing dog known ancestor, the Khoikhoi dog, was prized as the German Butcher’s Dog, or Rottweiler. as a sighthound that could hold his own These dogs carted goods to market, then against large game. The symmetrical ridge drove new purchases of cattle back home. of hair that grows back along the spine, giving the Ridgeback his name, came Improved methods of transportation such from these early sighthounds. As English as the railroad made the Rottweiler’s job emigrants came to South Africa, they unnecessary, and the breed’s numbers crossed the native dogs with other breeds dropped significantly. But the Rottweiler’s like Mastiffs, Bloodhounds and Pointers. reputation caught the interest of the No matter what breed was added, the police and military in the 1900s and this ridge was predominant, and the Rhodesian association made the Rottweiler one of the Ridgeback was born. These large dogs were most popular breeds in North America. used both as hunters and protectors. Personality A well-bred Rottweiler is a calm, In the 1870s, Reverend Helm brought some confident and courageous dog. He trusts his of these dogs to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) owner implicitly, and is highly dedicated to where he continued to breed them as large his family. Naturally cautious of strangers, the Rottweiler remains on guard until shown game hunters. there is no danger to his family. When not Personality Protective and brave, the on the alert, he is a mellow dog who is loving Rhodesian Ridgeback is fiercely loyal and playful and makes a superb companion. to his owner. He is good with children Good training and socialization make the when socialized with them. He remains Rottweiler a pleasure to have around. His an excellent hunter and excels at lure intelligence and trainability make him a fun

Saluki

Appearance 17-21” (43-54 cm) 37-51 lb (17-23 kg)

coursing. Because he is an independent friend who excels in obedience, agility, cart thinker, he will benefit from training and pulling and many more active jobs. socialization at an early age. Appearance 2  2-27” (56-69 cm) Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 92-110 lb (42-50 kg) 65-85 lb (29-39 kg) Medium length, coarse dense outercoat. Black with rust to mahogany markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming NS Armoso Reg’d, Linda Trachsel. We have been breeding quality Rottweilers since 2008. Our breeding program centres on excellent temperament and sound bodies with proper conformation. Parents are health tested and certified. Puppies are raised in home and come with a 2-year health guarantee. Thank you for your interest. (902) 681-5790; (782) 232-4788; armoso@xplornet.com ON Windorff Reg’d. Proud Breeder of quality rottweilers since 1993. My breeding program focuses on temperament, health and conformation. Certified parents, written 2 yr guarantee on house raised puppies. Please contact Jackie Robson, 421564 Con 6, RR 1, Elmwood, ON N0G 1S0 (519) 364 4556; (519) 889-1755; windorff@xplornet.ca; www.windorff.com

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA – See Rare Breed directory

SALUKI

History The Saluki is possibly the first breed ever domesticated by humans. Originating in Syria, it was imported to Egypt, Persia, India and Afghanistan. Its image has been found in tombs well over 5,000 years old. The name likely came from the Arabian town of Saluk, but may have an earlier origin with the Syrian town of Seleukia. The dog’s impressive speed made him a superlative hunter of fast game such as deer, fox, hare and gazelle. Considered a sacred gift of Allah, the Saluki could never be sold, only gifted. The Saluki came to Europe when Wilfred Jennings-Bramly obtained some from the Tahawi tribe in Northern Egypt. Saluki continued on page 162.

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tolling ability is natural, though regular training is needed to enable him to become a consistent hunting dog.


Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) 29-66 lb (13-30 kg) Feathered: smooth, soft silky coat with slight feathering on legs, back of thighs and tail. Smooth: same coat type, but no feathering. White, cream, fawn, golden, red, grizzle and tan, black and tan, tricolour or any variation of these colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth Feathered

PUREBRED

Photo: Snowbear Kennels Perm. Reg’d

SAMOYED

working Samoyeds. All puppies vet checked. Breeding since 1986. 156 Cheapside Road, PO Box 135, Selkirk, ON N0A 1P0 (905) 7762115; gibson.snowbear@xplornet.com; www. snowybearkennels.com

SCHAPENDOES (DUTCH SHEEPDOG)

SCHIPPERKE

History The hardworking Schapendoes has protected flocks in the Netherlands for hundreds of years, and enjoyed great popularity in the late 1800s and early 1900s. He is related to a variety of breeds in the sheepdog family, including the Bearded Collie, the Puli, History Born in the bitterest regions of and the Briard. After the First World War, Russia and Siberia, north of the Arctic Schapendoes numbers declined, but a Dutch Circle, the Samoyed was an irreplaceable inspector named P.M.C. Toepoel launched a hunter, herder, sled dog and companion to campaign to resurrect the breed and by the the Samoyede people. The Samoyed was a 1930s interest in breeding the Schapendoes member of the family, and was allowed to increased. In the 1940s, the Schapendoes live indoors when not herding reindeer or made his first appearance in the show ring, transporting people across the tundra. which demonstrated that this breed could be Europeans discovered this useful sled dog reliable and durable in a variety of situations. during their expeditions to the Arctic in the mid-1800s. In 1889, zoologist Ernest Personality The Schapendoes is a loyal, Kilburn-Scott spent time with the Samoyede intelligent breed that exudes friendliness people and took home several dogs, calling and kindness to all that he meets. His high them Samoyeds. They quickly gained energy level is channeled into playful antics popularity with the nobility, and were prized and he excels at agility sports, such as running by expeditionary forces. The first dogs to and jumping over obstacles. He has a jovial explore Antarctica were Samoyeds. Despite personality, which makes him a friend to all, their cold weather heritage, Samoyeds and his versatility makes him a good dog for a number of activities. The Schapendoes’ adjust well to warmer climates. devoted nature and herding instincts means Personality Always a family dog, the that he can be a good watchdog without being Samoyed is wonderful with all his people, aggressive. He is fantastic in the show ring, young and old. He is easy-going and hardworking on the farm, and affectionate in affectionate. Though he will bark at the home. strangers, he is too friendly to be much of a guard dog. He likes to play, and enjoys a Appearance 15.5-20” (40-51 cm) 26.5-55 lbs (12-25 kg) daily run. While his thick coat makes him 162

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recommended). Providing health guarantees and unlimited support to our puppies’ families. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Crate trained. Proud Member of the CKC and Schapendoes Club of Canada. (905) 936-5986; messyhair@rogers.com; www. messyhairkennels.com

Photo: Messy Hair Kennel Reg’d

Samoyed

tolerant of cold weather, the Samoyed does Slightly wavy, long, thick outercoat not like to be left outdoors for long periods with sufficient undercoat. Top knot, and prefers to be inside with his family. moustache, and beard. Fur sometimes gathers in tufts. All colours. Saluki Appearance 18-24” (46-60 cm) 35-65 lb (16-30 kg) Despite his best efforts, the breed was not Quick Facts recognized by the Kennel Club until after the Long, harsh, stand-off weather-resistant Exercise Requirements First World War, in 1923. Around the same time, outercoat. Short, thick, wooly undercoat. Grooming several dogs were brought to North America, Neck ruff. White, biscuit, white and biscuit, and the breed received recognition in 1927. ON cream. Personality Dignified and independent, Messy Hair Kennel Reg’d, Chari O’Leary. the Saluki has a deep affection for his Quick Facts Selective breeding from Canadian and people. Sensitive to noisy active children, Exercise Requirements European Championship lines. Parents are OFA Grooming the Saluki is best in a fairly quiet home. He Hips/Elbows/Heart & CAER tested. Lovingly is a true hunter and sighthound, and will home-raised for companions - conformation ON chase any small prey that catches his eye. Daily runs in a safe high-fenced area are Snowybear Perm Reg’d. Home raised and performance; temperament tested pups happy puppies. Sound temperaments, hard- placed in approved homes (Reservations important to keep a Saluki happy.

History The Schipperke has existed within the Flemish provinces of Belgium for hundreds of years. Whether the breed hailed from an old breed of black Belgian Sheepdog called the Leauvenarr or from the northern Spitz-type dogs is still debated. The Schipperke’s original purpose was to clear farms, factories, and homes of rats, which earned them the name “Spitske” (little Spits). Quite successful at this task, Schipperkes moved from land to water, where they took care of vermin on boats and barges. By the 1880s, that earned them the new name – the Schipperke – which means “little captain.” The Schipperke became a popular pet in Belgium after Queen Marie Henriette acquired one at a dog show in 1885. Personality A loyal family dog, the Schipperke is active, agile and continually occupied with what is going on around him. While he is kind with children, his excellent watchdog skills make the Schipperke wary of strangers. He has a high energy level, which can be satisfied in the city with frequent visits to the dog park or long walks. He’s also a great farm dog, since he gets along well with larger animals such as horses (though he’ll chase smaller animals such as rabbits). Eager


ON Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 441-3724 Cell; willysammi@ hotmail.com; www.sanhedringermanshepherds. com

Photo: Lindsayleigh Kennels

SCHNAUZER (GIANT)

Lindsayleigh’s Thunder Struck. Bred/Owned by Derrick Wood, Lindsayleigh Kennels. www.lindsayleigh.ca

History The Giant Schnauzer may seem a larger copy of the Standard and Miniature Schnauzer, but each breed has its own unique origins. Giant Schnauzers originally come from the mountains of Bavaria and were primarily cattle drovers. Their ancestry is mixed, likely stemming from Great Danes, Bouviers des Flandres and various other droving and shepherd dogs of the time. Mostly found around Munich, he was a popular farm dog from the 15th century until the arrival of railroads made him obsolete. Butchers in town took a liking to the large protective dogs and they became guardians of butcher shops and pubs. Around this time, the breed was crossed with the Standard Schnauzer and called the Munich Schnauzer, later renamed the Giant Schnauzer.

Harsh, wiry dense outercoat. Soft undercoat. Beard and moustache. Solid black, salt History The only Schnauzer breed and pepper. Dark mask in salt and pepper classified as a terrier, the Miniature colour. Schnauzer worked on farms where he was responsible for reducing rat populations. Quick Facts The breed was created in Germany in the Exercise Requirements late 1800s when fanciers of the Standard Grooming Schnauzer desired a smaller dog of similar type. By crossing the Standard Schnauzer ON Bluechip Perm. Reg’d., Olga Gagne. Breeding with Miniature Pinschers, Wire Fox for health, temperament and correct breed Terriers, Affenpinschers and small Poodles, characteristics. Bluechip Giants are loving they were able to maintain the Schnauzer family companions, devoted guardians, and type in a smaller size while adding the wonderful breed ambassadors. They are desired ratting traits. Unlike many terrier intelligent, versatile, and beautiful conformation breeds, the Miniature Schnauzer did not champions. Parent are health tested. Puppies go to ground when hunting, but dispatched are wormed, microchipped, vaccinated, and his prey above ground. health guaranteed. They are ready to become happy members of your family! (905) 2624682; bluechip149@sympatico.ca; www. bluechipgiants.com

No longer needed for farm work, the Miniature Schnauzer’s good looks and pleasant personality made him a desirable and popular indoor pet. An ideal Lindsayleigh, Derrick & Idona Wood. Breeding companion, he wants to be included in Giants since 1977. It’s most important to PICK everything that goes on. your breed, PICK your breeder, WAIT for your pup. Your buying type, health, temperament and breeder support. Pups are suitable for whatever your heart desires. (519) 3211855; lindsayleighgiants@hotmail.ca; www. lindsayleigh.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Personality A bright and charming dog, the Miniature Schnauzer is a devoted companion who gets along with children and other dogs. He is fearless and alert and makes an excellent non-aggressive watchdog. He is friendly and easy to socialize. Regular exercise is important to keep this active Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d. At fellow occupied. The Miniature Schnauzer Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing is easy to train and enjoys activities such as experience for each of our clients. Our Giant obedience and agility. Schnauzer puppies are highly socialized, extremely intelligent, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and come home very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Giant Schnauzer puppies will be crate trained, will have begun leash training, and will go home with our exclusive Magisterial 5 year health guarantee and puppy pack, health insurance policy, CKC registration, microchipped, and much more. Magisterial Giant Schnauzers are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, etc. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Roblin, ON (613) 4531773; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www. magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 9-18 lb (4-8 kg) Hard wiry outercoat. Soft close undercoat. Beard and moustache. Salt and pepper, black and silver, black. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Edencourt Kennels, Raised in our home in a country setting to produce exceptional temperaments, good health and longevity. Eye testing of our breeding parents. Raised with Standard Poodles and children underfoot. S&P, B&S and solid blacks ready for your family to love & enjoy. Karina Cowie. Box 2 Site 21 RR2, Strathmore, AB, T1P 1K5. 403-934-5133; edencourtkennels@gmail.com; www.edencourtkennels.com

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Island West Reg’d, Sharon Medforth. We love our schipperkes and we know you will too. Breeding for show and pet. Please visit our web site at ‘Island West Schipperkes’ to learn more about our dogs. (250) 667-3878; schippmast@ outlook.com; http://www.englishmastiff2.com/ schipperke

SCHNAUZER (MINIATURE)

Schnauzer (Miniature)

to please and intelligent, the Schipperke is Because of their size and bravery, Giant Schnauzers became staunch defenders in very adaptable and easy to train. both World Wars. Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) Personality Big, bold and full of spirit, the 12-19 lb (5.5-8.5 kg) Giant Schnauzer takes his job seriously. At Black double-coat, with soft undercoat and the same time, he is loyal and loving with his harsh, dense outercoat. Neck ruff and perky family. Intelligent and energetic, he needs a job to keep him happy and thrives on ears. Usually all black, medium-length fur. activities such as flyball, agility and obedience. Quick Facts He is a natural protector, and needs careful Exercise Requirements socialization and training at a young age. Grooming Appearance 23-28” (60-70 cm) BC 75-104 lb (34-47 kg)


MB Oak Valley Schnauzers, Roger Main. 40 Years raising Minis with Exclusive bloodlines selectively bred for companions and therapy dogs. All colours, some with smaller size, superior colour. Many of my minis live well into their teens. Generations of repeat customers. My Minis aren’t just pets, thats’ what they are bred to be. Health guarantee. Vet References and Naturally Reared. Box 268, Oak Lake MB R0M 1P0. (204) 855-2844. www.Pets4you.com/ Pages/OakValley.html ON Ashlyn Reg’d, Lynn Bryden. Home-raised puppies for show or pet with exceptional temperaments from champion bloodlines. Health guaranteed. Eyes tested. Stud service to approved bitches, by appointment. 142 St. Andrew’s Dr. Grafton, ON K0K 2G0 (905) 3493212; lynn@ashlyns.ca; www.ashlyns.ca

SCHNAUZER (STANDARD)

Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) 35-45 lb (15-21 kg) Dense, wiry outer coat with softer undercoat and prominent eyebrows and beard. Solid black or pepper and salt. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

SCOTTISH DEERHOUND -See Deerhound (Scottish)

SCOTTISH TERRIER

History While seeking the “perfect terrier” for his estate in Pembrokeshire, Wales, Captain John Edwards created the Sealyham Terrier. The dog was fast enough to keep up with hounds on the hunt, small enough to go to ground after badgers, brave enough to face whatever prey he might encounter, and white in colour so the hounds wouldn’t mistake him as their prey. Edwards spent four decades during the 1800s putting together his terrier, using Dandie Dinmont Terriers, Wire Fox Terriers, West Highland White Terriers, Corgis and even Bassets.

The breed’s popularity soared in the 20s History Small, feisty dogs have helped and 30s, when the Sealyham became the Scottish highlanders root out prey for “must have” dog of Hollywood celebrities. centuries. An old breed, the Scottish Famous people like Humphrey Bogart, Terrier is likely descended from the Elizabeth Taylor and Alfred Hitchcock “earth dogs”, written about by Pliny the sported Sealyhams. Elder in 55 BC. The “Scottie” shares Personality Despite being a brave and bloodlines with the Cairn Terrier and West Highland White Terrier, but his tenacious hunter, the Sealyham Terrier is quite a low-key fellow. He is proud History This hearty dog is the oldest of exact origin remains unknown. the Schnauzer breeds, hailing from as far In the late 1870s, the Scottish Terrier travelled and self-confident, secure of his place in back as 14th century Germany. A working outside his native Scotland. Soon the little the world. A bit of a clown, he loves to dog, the Standard Schnauzer’s primary powerhouse was valued as a method of pest entertain his owners. purpose was to guard carts on the way to control on many English farms. A decade Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) market, and serve as a multi-purpose farm later, breed criterion was established and 17-25 lb (8-11.5 kg) dog. He became known for his speed and the Scottish Terrier gained popularity for his intelligence when herding livestock, and distinguished looks and loyal companionship. Long, hard wiry outercoat. Soft, dense a keen sense of smell that was ideal for In the U.S., President Roosevelt’s dog “Fala” weather-resistant undercoat. All white with hunting vermin. captured public attention throughout the lemon or badger pied markings on head The breed was brought to North America Depression and WWII. and ears. after the end of World War I. At that point, The Scottish Terrier’s Quick Facts he was still known as the Wire-haired Personality Pinscher due to his distinctive, wiry coat –- nickname, “Diehard”, captures the breed’s Exercise Requirements perhaps a result of being crossed with other courage and tenacity. The bold and Grooming coarse-haired breeds like the grey Wolfspitz independent “Scottie” makes a loyal family and black German Poodle. But by the 20th companion and is good with children who century, he was largely recognized for his respect his space. He is bright and willing distinguished “schauze” – the German word to please, so positive training can shape for snout – and became the Schnauzer as him into an excellent watchdog, show dog, earthdog competitor or simply a valued he’s known today. TURN TO P. 108 member of the family. Personality While this breed is still valued for his robust nature, he makes a Appearance 10-11” (25.5-28 cm) FOR SOME DOGGY 18-22 lb (8-10 kg) loyal family companion who thrives in a variety of lifestyles. Energetic and highly Hard, wiry outer coat in black, grey, brindle, NAIL CARE TIPS. intelligent, the Schnauzer loves to be part or wheaten. of the action and prefers to be surrounded by all members of his family. His patience Quick Facts and sense of humour make him a good Exercise Requirements companion for children, so long as they’re Grooming Photo: Alice Van Kempen

PUREBRED

SEALYHAM TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Schnauzer (Miniature)

taught to respect his space. It is best to train Schnauzers from a young age to direct their natural confidence.

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Appearance 24-27” (61-64 cm) 50-70 lb (22.5-31.5 kg) Flat, silky, relatively long coat with feathering. Colouring can range from white mixed with black, orange, lemon or liver, but can also be solid white or tri-colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Soft coat is either straight or slightly wavy. Shiny black fur with tan markings. Long, soft ears. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming QC Gordonstar Perm. Reg’d, Brigitte Grise. Gordon Setter breeder located in Québec/Canada, show line, hunting line, family-raised puppies, health guarantee and good temperament, you can visit our website for more information and for upcoming litters. Lac Superieur, QC (819) 688-6499; brigitte.grise@cgocable.ca; www. gordonstar.com

History The origin of setters in Ireland is uncertain. As the breed gained popularity in the early 19th century, Irish Setters came in combinations of red and white. Occasionally, a puppy would be born with an all-red coat. When breed showing became popular in the mid-1800s, the flashy all-red colouring caught people’s attention, and breeders soon sought to focus on type. They cut out the red and white colouring and founded the Irish Red Setter Club in 1882. All-red Irish Setters were very popular in their native Ireland, and in North America where they were excellent gun dogs. In recent history, breeders have returned their emphasis to the qualities that made the Irish Setter a successful birding dog. Personality A playful happy-go-lucky fellow, the Irish Setter is an upbeat companion whose brilliant red coat is sure to turn heads. He is friendly to all he meets, and always enthusiastic. He has a short attention span, and does best with short training sessions. He needs a lot of exercise to keep him happy. Given his hunting roots, the Irish Setter enjoys active sports like agility, and remains an excellent bird dog. Appearance 21-27” (54-69 cm) 60-75 lb (27-34 kg) Moderate length, straight flat coat with feathering. Rich chestnut or mahogany red with no trace of black. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend PUREBRED

History The Gordon Setter is a descendant of the setting spaniels that were popular in 15th century Scotland. The black and tan setting dogs were crossed with local dogs to create unique breeds that were suitable for the harsh Scottish terrain. It was the Fourth Duke of Gordon, Alexander, who set the foundation for the Gordon Setter. His kennel dogs became excellent bird hunting dogs, since they had the ability to stealthily As this working breed’s name indicates, track and alert hunters to the location of the English Setter has been used all over birds without startling the birds into flight. the U.K. since the 1300s, although it’s In the mid-1800s, two direct descendants believed to be a descendant of the Spanish of the Duke of Gordon’s kennels came to land spaniel. In the 19th century, Edward North America and the development of the Laverack, and later Purcell Llewellin, breed was refined. created breeding programs that led to the development of the English Setter as Personality Both patient and adventurous, we know him today on both sides of the the Gordon Setter has all the makings Atlantic – a skilled, elegant-looking gun of a good family dog. His loyal qualities dog who’s a winner in the show ring as make him a decent guard dog, but he is well as at field trials. The breed’s keen also gentle and affectionate. While he is in scenting abilities made him a top choice his element when on hunting excursions, hiking, long walks, and swimming will also for this purpose. keep him happy. He also enjoys sports, but is Personality Despite their history as known more for his stamina than his speed. hunters, English Setters are friendly, Training and socialization can be quite affectionate and mild-mannered. They enjoyable with Gordon Setters, since they enjoy playing with children, make good tend to be well-mannered and sensible. household companions, and are willing to please. The English setter loves to run Appearance 23-27” (58.5-68.5 cm) 45-80 lb (20.5-36.5 kg) and hunt, and may become a digger and History The name “setter” comes from the practice of “setting”. This game bird hunting style involved the dog stealthily creeping up on and indicating the location of his prey for his master to cast a net upon it. Sometimes the net covered the dog as well, so the English Setter’s ability to “lie low” prevented him from getting tangled in the net.

a roamer if allowed free rein. Adequate exercise and plenty of outdoor time will help satisfy his energetic nature, and will help shape him into a well-behaved and adaptable house dog.

Setter (Irish)

SETTER (IRISH)

Photo: Gordonstar Perm. Reg’d

SETTER (GORDON)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

SETTER (ENGLISH)

Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

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Irish hunters preferred working with the red and white dogs because they were easily seen. Several breeders maintained Irish Red and White Setters, with a focus on working characteristics rather than colour. Today, nearly all Irish Red and White Setters are steadily gaining popularity around the world.

AGMCH, CH Herdabout Watts Of Fun. Spark-E was in the top 10 agility dogs in Canada in 2015. Bred/Owned by Jeff & Kellie Whiteside, Herdabout Perm. Reg’d.

SHIBA INU Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History The Setter is a specialized birdhunting dog that flushes prey then remains still so the hunter can shoot the birds without risk of shooting his dog. Irish Setters were developed in the early 1800s when gun-hunting became popular. The original breed was mostly red and white with the odd all-red dog born in a litter. As showing became popular, the all-red colour came into vogue, and the red and white dogs nearly became extinct.

companionship. (705) 429-0833; sheltieland@ rogers.com; www.herdaboutshelties.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Sharls Shelties Reg’d. Top-quality CKC Reg’d. championship bloodlines. Bred for show, performance, and companionship. Happy, Intelligent, Home-raised puppies. Vet checked, microchip, health guarantee, occasionally for sale. All inquiries welcomed. Sharon MacLean, 607 Dorchester Drive, Oshawa, ON. Phone: (905) 728-1352 or sharlsshelties@bell.net; www. sharlsshelties.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Setter (Irish Red and White)

SETTER (IRISH RED AND WHITE) SHETLAND SHEEPDOG

History Natives of the sparsely-vegetated Shetland Islands bred small hardy miniature cattle, dwarf sheep and Shetland Ponies. Since they didn’t require large dogs to maintain their herds, they selectively bred King Charles Spaniels, Yakki dogs from Greenland, and Scandinavian Spitz-type dogs to produce a small sturdy herder.

At first, there was a lot of variety in these dogs, but in the early 1900s James Loggie standardized the Shetland dog’s type, adding in Collie blood. He introduced the dog in 1906 as the “Shetland Collie”, but Personality The Irish Red and White Setter when Collie breeders objected, the dog was is a happy-go-lucky fellow, bursting with renamed the Shetland Sheepdog. energy. He loves the great outdoors, and Personality A lively and intelligent fellow, the his high-spirited nature makes him a fun Shetland Sheepdog, or Sheltie, makes a fun and exciting dog to be around. He needs family companion who excels in obedience, consistent training, in short bursts suited to agility and other similar sports. He is a gentle his short attention span, and opportunities dog who is attached to his family, though is to burn off his energy. reserved with strangers. Early socialization is

History The Shiba Inu is the smallest Japanese Spitz-type breed. Bred as a hunter of small game, he would be sent out to flush, run and hold game until the hunter arrived for the kill. While usually used to hunt rabbits, grouse and wild boar, there are accounts of Shiba Inu hunting bear and deer. The breed’s name comes from the Japanese words for “small” (shiba) and “dog” (inu).

In 1928, the Nihon Ken Hozonkai, or Nippon, was founded to register and preserve Appearance 13-16” (33-41 cm) native Japanese dog breeds. It recognized 14-27 lb (6-12 kg) Long, straight, silky fine coat with feathering. the Shiba Inu as a “national monument” in White with solid red patches. 1936 – a distinctly Japanese dog requiring Long, straight harsh outercoat. Short, furry dense preservation. The devastation wracked on Quick Facts undercoat. Mane. Black, blue merle, shades of Japan during World War II decimated the Exercise Requirements sable, all with various degrees of white and/or tan. Grooming dogs. After the war, the Japanese gathered Quick Facts dogs from all over the country in an effort ON Exercise Requirements to rebuild its native breeds. The Shiba Inu Aislingcudo CKC Perm Reg’d ~ AKC breeders Grooming arrived in North America in the late 1900s.

PUREBRED

Appearance 22-26” (57-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22-34 kg)

of merit ~ improving the breed since 1993. Our dogs have health clearances before breeding. Our puppies are well socialized and are raised in our home. Our line has excelled in show, obedience, hunting, and agility + Aislingcudo dogs work well as service dogs and of course, make warm and loving pets. (519) 662-4045; aislingcudo@gmail.com www. irishredandwhitesettes.ca Harrison, Gail & Leslie, Caniscaeli Reg’d. Knowledgeable, experienced breeders emphasizing health and good temperament to produce excellent family companions. Homeraised puppies have excelled in conformation, field and obedience. Inquiries welcomed. RR #3, Mitchell, ON N0K 1N0 Telephone (519) 348-8267; caniscaeli@gmail. com; www.caniscaelisetters.com

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important to prevent shyness.

ON Cermel Perm. Reg’d., Cyndy Ermel. (519) 885-7008; cermel@rogers.com; www. cermelshelties.com Herdabout Perm. Reg’d, Jeff & Kellie Whiteside. Professional dog trainers raising and breeding structurally sound, genetically health tested Shetland Sheepdogs with excellent temperaments. We stand behind our dogs with an extensive health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. Our puppies are home raised in an enriched environment. We put our puppies through an extensive socialization and handling program to ensure a confident, mentally stable and friendly puppy. Sheltie puppies are available to select homes for show, performance, and

Personality With an independent cat-like personality, the Shiba Inu is affectionate and playful, yet reserved with strangers. He is vocal and makes a good watchdog, and can make a fun and enjoyable companion. Appearance 13-17” (34-42 cm) 17-23 lb (7.5-11 kg) Straight stiff outercoat. Soft thick undercoat. Red, black and tan, sesame. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


SIBERIAN HUSKY

BIS RBIS BBBS and MBPS Grand Ch. Schutzu’s Saint Elmo’s Fire. Elmo is 10lbs of beauty and brains available for stud, producing smaller type puppies. Owner handled loved by Schutzu Kennels. Karen Schut, 241 Freelton Road, Hamilton, ON L8B 0Z5.

History These little dogs came to be known as “lion dogs” or Shih Tzu. They came to China in the 7th century, where the breed was highly prized by the court. In the late 1800s, the Dowager Empress T’zu His took an interest in the breed, crossing it with the Pekinese and creating the breed type we know today. In the 1920s, Lady Brownrigg brought a pair of Shih Tzu home to England from a visit to China. A few dogs were exported abroad until 1940, when the Communist takeover of China closed the borders to new bloodlines. Only seven dogs and bitches were available for breeding; they are the founders of all existing Shih Tzu. The Shih Tzu is now one of the most popular toy breeds in the world. Personality Used to being a dog of nobility, the Shih Tzu is a friendly loving animal who can be a happy lap dog one moment, and a playful companion the next. Despite his small size, he is sturdy and does well with children. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) 9-16 lb (4-7.5 kg) Long, flowing luxurious outercoat. Dense good undercoat. All colours permissible. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Ovations Reg’d. Selective breeding of top champion bloodlines to produce superior companion and show puppies with excellent temperament and conformation. Veterinarian examined. Written agreement and after sale support. Surrey, BC. (604) 541-2747; Cell (778) 885-4353; ovations.kennel@shaw.ca ON Chopin Reg’d, Sandra Veitch. We breed our CKC champions in our home to produce wellsocialized puppies that come with a health guarantee. Vetchecked, shots and microchipped, as well as CKC, registered. London, ON (519) 474-4387; chopinshihtzureg@hotmail.com Schutzu Reg’d. Karen Schut. Small show kennel dedicated to producing beautiful, healthy, intelligent puppies from Champion lines. Gold/ whites and Black/whites well-socialized Shih Tzu’s to approved homes on nonbreeding

Photo: Okiok Reg’d

SHIKOKU

Siberian Husky

contracts. Show puppies, foster adults, stud service available occasionally. 241 Freelton Rd, Freelton, ON L8B 2Z5. (905) 659-3922; schutzu. info@gmail.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

History The nomadic Chukchi people of Siberia needed durable dogs capable of pulling sleds or hunting reindeer. Because food was scarce, these sled dogs not only needed great endurance but had to be small enough not to require a lot of History A medium-sized breed that existed nourishment. Known as the Siberian in ancient times, the Shikoku hunted deer Chukchi, they were first brought to North and boar on the smallest and least- America in 1909. populated of Japan’s four islands. In this isolated, mountainous region, Shikoku The Siberian Husky came to the world’s bloodlines remained pure. This Spitz type notice thanks to Leonhard Seppala, who is so rare and treasured that in 1937, the with his dog team delivered serum 600 Japanese government declared the breed miles to Nome, Alaska in the winter of 1925, narrowly averting an outbreak of diphtheria. “a national monument”. Seppala toured the United States with his Personality The Shikoku is alert, tough famed dogs, including team leader Balto, and energetic – yet owners say he possesses a who has a statue in New York’s Central Park. certain innocence. Calm indoors, especially During his tour, Balto entered several races around his family, he needs an active outdoor and proved the Siberian Husky’s superiority. life. The Shikoku does have a tendency Since then, the breed has remained popular to dominance, so early socialization is in North America. required. A fenced yard provides safety for this unique dog, who, after all, has running Personality Bred to live and work in a team, the Siberian Husky does not like to be left in his genes. alone. He is loving and friendly, playful as Appearance 18-20.5” (46-52 cm) a puppy, yet dignified as he matures. With his great endurance, the Siberian Husky 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) requires regular exercise. He is a bit of an Known for his “sesame-coloured”, harsh outer escape artist, and requires a securely fenced coat. yard to run in. Historically expected to help earn his own keep, he is an effective hunter Quick Facts of small prey and may not be safe around Exercise Requirements smaller pets like cats. Grooming Appearance 20-34” (51-60 cm) 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) SHILOH SHEPHERD Medium length, straight soft outercoat. - See Rare Breed Directory Soft dense undercoat. All colours from black to white. Various markings on the head are common.

“Everyone thinks they have the best dog, and none of them are wrong.” – W.R. Purche

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Okiok Reg’d, Carol Lindsay. Quality pups, adults. Colour choices. Over 50 years selectively breeding intelligent companions to put love in your life. Socialized, gentle temperament, great conformation, longevity. Training started. Dams and sires on site. Females bred only occasionally. Available for the life of your dog for advice. To caring, permanent, responsible homes. Stud service. All-breed boarding facility, in-floor heat. Private boarding cattery, lots of TLC! Pet shop for all your canine, feline and equine needs. Near Grand Bend. 35619 Salem Rd., RR 8, Parkhill, ON (519) 294-0494

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SHIH TZU


Silky Terrier

SILKY TERRIER

SOFT-COATED WHEATEN TERRIER

a small, select scale. Thorough health testing of parents and pups. Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0. (905) 327-7722; rathdrumwheatens@ gmail.com; www.rathdrumwheatens.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Witthaven Wheatens, CKC Reg’d, Natascha Witt. Limited number of healthy, well socialized and beautiful puppies! Born in our home from champion bloodlines. Health testing and guarantee, comprehensive puppy package, lifelong support. Irish and North American coat types. Visit www.witthaven.weebly.com or find us on Facebook. (226) 747-3216; witthaven1@ gmail.com

History: This breed originated in Australia in the early 1800s, and is a mixture of the Australian and Yorkshire terrier, although the Dandie Dinmont, Cairn and Skye terriers may also figure in the Silky’s ancestry. Two separate standards initially resulted in two names – the Sydney Silky terrier and the Victorian Silky – but a single standard was adopted in 1959 and the breed became known as the Silky Terrier. Bred as a companion dog, he’s also skilled at killing vermin. He was brought to North America by WWII soldiers serving in Australia.

Champion European lines combining loving temperament with genetic soundness. Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0.

History As Ireland’s poor man’s hunting dog, the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier was an effective ratter, herder, hunter and watch dog. In the early 19th century the breed was so common it was considered beneath notice. Because of its lowly heritage, no one took interest in the breed until the 1930s, when a group of fanciers formed a breed club. The dog was initially called the Irish Wheaten Terrier, but the club decided the name was too similar to Personality Because he was bred to Irish Terrier, and changed it to Soft-Coated be a household pet, the Silky Terrier is Wheaten Terrier. The dogs were first affectionate, playful and friendly, though presented at breed shows in their natural he isn’t known as a lapdog. He’s intelligent, coats, only to receive derisive comments alert, curious and lively, can occasionally be that they looked like “walking haystacks”. mischievous and vocal, and may get into It was consequently decided to “top and tidy” their coats into the trim now seen in trouble if left on his own too long. The the show ring. The Soft-Coated Wheaten Silky is good with kids, but doesn’t like to Terrier did not gain recognition in North be teased. America until the 1970s. Appearance 9-10” (23-25 cm) Personality Quieter than many smaller 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) terriers, the Wheaten is enthusiastic Coat is long, flat, lustrous, fine and silky and obedient. He loves kids, though his energetic nature makes him a better match (hence the name), with a topknot. Blue with for older children. He bonds strongly to his tan markings. family and makes a good watchdog. Quick Facts Appearance 17-20” (43-49 cm) Exercise Requirements 35-45 lb (16-27 kg) Grooming Soft, silky, waved or curly abundant coat. Any shade of wheaten.

TEACH YOUR DOG THE NAMES

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. Happy, healthy well-socializedpuppies. Focused on Health Testing and Temperament. To approvedhomes only. Breeder of CKC registered Purebred dogs for 44 years. Reasonable prices. RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. Home (519) 794-3456; Cell (226) 668-6031; ultrasoundkennel@gmail.com; www. ultrasoundkennels.com

Wheat n’ Honey Reg’d, Donna Smith. Selectively bred for great health, conformation and temperament. CKC registered, homeraised puppies from health-screened, champion lines. Well-socialized, healthy, companion puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Written health guarantee. Please call to arrange a visit. Elmira, ON; (519) 669-1007; wheat.n.honey@gmail.com; www.wheat-nhoney.com

SPANIEL (AMERICAN COCKER)

BIS, MBISS, AM/CDN GCH ALADDIN’S SIRIUS BLAK N TAN. Sirius is a Best in Show, Multi Best In Specialty Show Winner who is both Stunning and Correct! Bred/Owned by Carol Edwards, Aladdin Reg’d.

History When Cocker Spaniels were imported to North America from England, breeders began to select for a different type of dog, choosing smaller animals with more leg and a shorter body. By the 1930s, the two breed types had become so different they were split. The original type was called the English Cocker Spaniel, and the new one the American Cocker Spaniel (or just Cocker Spaniel in the US).

Because he was both an excellent family dog and useful hunter’s companion, the Cocker Spaniel’s popularity soared. As demand increased, many unscrupulous breeders sprung up and the breed suffered from temperamental and constitutional problems. Dedicated breeders worked to promote and maintain sound breeding practices, preserving a true breed type and Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli. Happy, home-raised puppies from champion temperament. The breed remains popular European lines noted for health. Breeding on to this day.


called a “spaniel”, the Brittany functions more like a small setter or pointer. Indeed, the AKC has removed “spaniel” from the breed’s name.

Spaniel (English Cocker)

or lounge with his family. He also loves to swim, and his retriever instincts make him great at playing fetch. Bred to be a working and sporting dog, the Clumber Spaniel is happiest when he is enjoying the When the Brittany Spaniel came to North great outdoors. He sometimes may require America in the 1930s, hunters preferred a socialization training with strangers lighter-bodied dog with a longer leg. Over because he can be protective but his time, American and French breeding stock intelligence and mild manners makes all differed enough in shape and hunting style training easy. He responds especially well that some clubs now separate the two and to a gentle approach. consider them different breeds. American Brittany Spaniels are discouraged from Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) 55-85 lb (25-38.5 kg) having the black colouring acceptable in 15-30 lb (7-14 kg) French Brittanys. Medium-length coat is silky, straight, and Medium length, silky, flat or wavy outercoat. Personality An excellent hunter who dense. Well-feathered around legs and Undercoat adequate for protection. Ears, loves the outdoors, the Brittany Spaniel chest. Primarily white with orange or lemon chest, abdomen, legs well feathered. is a delightful fellow, quite happy to markings. Freckles are common. relax once his work is done. He settles Quick Facts Quick Facts in well with family activities, and loves to Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements be around his people. With a keen mind Grooming Grooming and desire to please, the Brittany Spaniel is easy to train. He is a happy dog who is BC SPANIEL (ENGLISH COCKER) Aladdin Reg’d. Breeders of quality black, always ready to have fun and be part of his people’s lives. black/tan and buff American Cocker Spaniels for Performance, Pet or Show. All breeding dogs are Appearance 17.5-20.5” (44-52 cm) health tested OFA (eyes, hips and patellas) and 30-40 lb (13-19 kg) Personality A well bred American Cocker Spaniel has a sweet easy-going temperament. He is happy, trusting and intelligent, easy to train and good at a range of dog sports like agility, flyball and obedience. He is big enough to enjoy long walks, swims and hikes, yet small enough to be portable when travelling. After enjoying some exercise, the American Cocker Spaniel is happy to sit back and relax.

PRA-prcd clear. Carol Edwards (250) 545-5269; aladdinacs@gmail.com; http://aladdinacs.net (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Dense, flat or wavy coat. Feathering. Liver and white, orange and white, tricolour (liver and white with orange markings). Markings may be clear or roan. May have ticking. ON Brinlook Reg’d, Doug Batty. American Cocker French lines may be black and white. Spaniels. All colours but chocolate. Home raised. Quick Facts Top quality, long history of cockers. Puppies Exercise Requirements available occasionally. Aylmer, ON. N5H 3E8 Grooming Countrydream’s Reg’d, Cindy Bousfield. Well socialized puppies and adults, health and temperament guaranteed, SLT yearly. Selectively bred, Champion bloodlines from American/ Canadian lines. Home raised puppies with love in all shades of blonde and black and Tan. 244 Meadows Rd, Cayuga, ON N0A 1E0 (905) 772-3538; bousfield@xplornet.com; http:// countrydreamscockers.tripod.com/

SPANIEL (BRITTANY)

History Developed in the Brittany region of France, the first Brittany dogs were recorded in the town of Pontou in the mid-1800s, and were used for hunting and retrieving birds. Small and naturally bobtailed, the Brittany’s stocky compact frame and vigorous hunting ability made him one of the most popular hunting dogs in France. The breed type wasn’t settled until 1908. In spite of being

SPANIEL (CLUMBER)

History Described in 1677 as dogs with “active feet, wanton tail, and busy nostrils”, the term “spaniel” became a common name for bird-hunting dogs originating in Spain. These avid hunters spread across Europe. By 1800, spaniels had been divided into land and water spaniels, with their specific names deriving from their jobs. At first, many types might be born from the same litter, and were selected by size. The smallest were called Cocker Spaniels for their ability to hunt small fowl such as woodcock. The History There are several theories about breed type was not set until the late 1800s. the origins of the Clumber Spaniel, but what we know for certain is that this breed The Cocker Spaniel came to North America was popular amongst 18th Century English in the 1870s. While breeders continued to nobility. The Clumber Spaniel was select for sporting ability, over time some imported either from Spain or from chose to breed for a smaller shorter-legged France, and became a favourite of princes, type, while others chose to maintain the kings, and dukes as a game fowl hunter. British type. Eventually, the two styles of The breed earned its name from Clumber Cocker Spaniel were so differentiated Park, which was an estate owned by the that separate registries were required by English Duke of Newcastle who was quite 1940. Breeders of English Cocker Spaniels fond of this Spaniel. Some early ancestors selected for taller lighter-coated dogs that of the Clumber may have been the Basset retain their hunting instincts. Hound and the Alpine Spaniel. Personality Happy and easy to get along Personality Slow but steady wins the race. with, the English Cocker Spaniel loves The Clumber Spaniel is a good family dog who has good endurance, but likes to to do just about anything. Whether it’s take his time. He spreads out his stamina going for a long walk or taking a bath, rather than maintaining a high level of he’s happy as long as his person is there. energy. This breed is sweet, affectionate, and mellow and is content to stroll along Spaniel (English Cocker) continued on page 170.

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Medium-length, flat or slightly wavy, silky double coat. Well feathered. Various colours including: black, red, liver, golden, black and tan, tricolour, blue roan, liver roan, red roan, orange roan or lemon roan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Nonnies Perm. Reg’d, Vickie & Dave Umpleby. Breeding quality English Cocker Spaniels since 1997. Our cockers make wonderful family pets, show dogs and service dogs. Breeder of many top winning champions in both Canada and the USA. Beautiful dogs with sweet and happy dispositions, excellent health and intelligence. Puppies occasionally with a written guarantee. (905) 936-5399; VUmpleby@aol.com; www. nonniescockers.ca

SPANIEL (ENGLISH SPRINGER)

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History Early spaniels were named according to their size and the jobs they did. The smallest were Cocker Spaniels, mid-sized were Field Spaniels, and the largest were Springer Spaniels. All three sizes could be born in the same litters, and sometimes dogs would change types as they outgrew their old standards. This proved confusing at times, and in the late 1800s the three types were separated and interbreeding banned. The English Springer Spaniel was officially named a breed in 1902. Breeders brought it to North America in 1907, where it faced difficult competition with pre-existing pointers and setters. Interest in the breed increased in 1922 when the English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association was founded. Over time, a division between field-bred and show-bred lines developed; stronger working instincts and more white coverage are typical of working lines. 170

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Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) 40-50 lb (18-23 kg) Medium-length, straight water-resistant outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Moderate feathering. Black and white, liver and white, tricolour (liver or black and white with tan), blue or liver roan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Roman Kennels. English Springer Spaniels (European blood lines, field and show style). 30 years of breeding, training and showing experience. Breeding healthy, intelligent dogs, willing to please, with all potential to become great family or hunting companion. Focusing on comeback of “roan color gene”, including liver roan and blue roan coat coloring. You are always welcome to contact us with your questions about these beautiful breed. (905) 778-3647(DOGS); (416) 917-5293; romansaly@gmail.com; www. romansaly.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Ruskate Reg’d, Bonnie Bristow. English Springer Spaniels - Since 1989 - TemperamentPlus, Show/Companion Quality puppies - With Classic Springer Style - Written Guarantee - Black and white, and liver and white raised with lots of TLC on fresh country sunshine. Like us on Facebook. 8667 10th Line Essa Township, RR#2, Barrie, Ontario, L4M 4S4 (705) 733-5768; bonniebristow@sympatico. ca; http://ruskate-kennels.com; https://www. facebook.com/Ruskate-Registered-Kennels375095725889757/

SPANIEL (IRISH WATER)

History Water spaniels have been used in Ireland for centuries to retrieve waterfowl felled by hunters. In the 1930s, Irishman Justin McCarthy bred his dog Boatswain, a typical southern Irish Water Spaniel, in what was either an effort to resurrect a dying breed that had existed since the early 16th century, or create a new breed of Irish Water Spaniel,

utilizing a variety of bloodlines he kept secret all his life. Likely prospects for this breeding program included Poodle/Barbet type dogs and Portuguese Water Dogs. The resulting breed remained remarkably true to type, and completely distinct from other dogs. The Irish Water Spaniel is an excellent waterfowl hunter, with fanciers in both his native Ireland and North America. With a unique water-resistant coat that keeps him warm even in the coldest conditions, and webbed toes that allow him to swim with great efficiency, he is a true water dog. Although not highly popular, he has a strong following as a proficient hunter and fun-loving friend. Personality He’s full of clownish antics, so training the young Irish Water Spaniel may seem an exercise in futility. As he matures, however, he shows an amazing retention for lessons he showed no signs of learning in his youth. Though somewhat reserved with strangers, he’s boldly affectionate to those he cares about most. Bred to work long hours in cold, sometimes miserable conditions, the Irish Water Spaniel benefits from plenty of exercise rain or shine, and never hesitates to jump into the nearest pond or puddle. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 45-65 lb (20-30 kg) Double coat with abundant hair falling in tight, crisp ringlets or waves. Solid liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

SPANIEL (WELSH SPRINGER)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) 26-34 lb (12-16 kg)

Photo: Alice Kempen

Spaniel (English Cocker)

He likes to retrieve and is a quick study. Many English Cocker Spaniels excel in dog sports and games like obedience, rally, agility and flyball.

Personality Thanks to their similar heritage, the English Springer Spaniel is much like the English Cocker Spaniel in personality. He is happy and easy-going, a quick learner, and deeply bonded to his family. He loves to swim and play, and is sure to end up wet if a pond or puddle can be found. With regular exercise, the Springer is ready to relax at home, enjoying a comfy snooze on his bed. Because of his deep family bond, the English Springer Spaniel does not like to be left alone at home.

History Like English Cocker and English Springer Spaniels, the Welsh Springer Spaniel comes from mixed birding-bred spaniel stock common to Europe in the 15th to 19th centuries. During this time, all spaniel types were interbred, with preference given to hunting ability over breed type. When litters arrived, puppies would be separated by size and type. In Wales, smaller dogs with characteristic deep red and white colouring, a more tapered head and smaller ears were called Welsh Springers. In the late 1800s, various types of English spaniel were separated and interbreeding was forbidden. Over time, each breed became unique. By 1906, the Welsh Springer Spaniel was officially recognized. The breed came to North America in the early 1900s, but didn’t catch on and was virtually extinct by the end of the Second


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AB Shore’N Cliff Welsh Springer Spaniels, Bruce & Nola Stigings. Home-raised and field-bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred from US & European championship bloodlines. Superb pets and amazing field dogs that flush birds. Contact us to reserve a puppy from an upcoming litter. Red Deer County. (403) 227-4632; bnstigings@ live.ca; www.springerspanieldogs.ca ON Upland Creek Reg’d Lawrence and Mary Labatt. Home raised and field bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred for health and temperament our dogs are family pets, companionship dogs, therapy dogs, and companion gundogs. RR 1, Concession 8, ENR, Clear Creek, ON N0E 1C0. (519) 586-8514 labatt@xplornet.com, www. uplandcreek.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER

History Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a long history as fighting dogs, starting in Roman times. By crossing large Mastiffs with Terriers, a smaller yet brave and fierce dog was produced that could manage bulls for butchers or hold wild boar or bear for hunters. Because of their strength and ferocity, these dogs were a favourite of bulland bear-baiting rings, and later in the “sport” of dog fighting. When this was banned in the 1930s, Joseph Dunn preserved the breed, renaming it the Staffordshire Bull Terrier to separate it from the Bull Terrier.

History The Hospice du Grand St. Bernard of Switzerland is home to the St. Bernard dog. Named for Bernard of Menthon, an Augustine Monk who established the monastery some 1,000 years ago as a rest point for travellers, the St. Bernard started out as a draft and guard dog in the 1600s. These large dogs were exceptional rescuers, scenting trapped His fighting days over, he was selected by travelers under several feet of snow. SPINONE ITALIANO breeders for good temperament, and the A combination of inbreeding, loss and breed continued to be popular among the disease led to the near extinction of the working classes. Most Staffordshire Bull breed by 1830. In an effort to save it, the Terriers in North America didn’t arrive until monks brought in other breeds like the after the Second World War. The breed Newfoundland, resulting in a larger and wasn’t recognized in Canada until 1952. longer-coated variety of St. Bernard. Because Personality Gentle and playful, few would dogs with long coats became weighted down guess at the Staffordshire Bull Terrier’s past. with snow, the monks gave away their longer- He adores his family, especially the children, haired puppies. The first breeding of St. and has even been nicknamed the “Nanny Bernards outside the monastery began in Dog”. Quite intelligent, he is very capable of 1855 in Switzerland, and produced both long learning tricks. Early socialization is beneficial, and short-haired puppies. Today, there are particularly with other dogs and animals. three breed standards: a modified version of History The Spinone Italiano, or Italian the 1884 standard used in the United States, Appearance 14-16” (35-41 cm) 24-38 lb (11-17 kg) Pointer, is an ancient hunting breed popular the English standard, and a much revised in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. Swiss standard developed in 1993. Short, smooth, close coat. Red, fawn, white, His great appeal even earned him a spot in black, blue, brindle, may be mixed with white. Personality Big, friendly and patient with Italian frescoes and paintings. As a gundog, the Spinone was a cautious and discreet children, the St. Bernard is truly a people Quick Facts hunter, famous for his excellent nose and dog. Though he can be aloof with strangers, Exercise Requirements ability to endure harsh climates and terrains. particularly if not socialized, he generally Grooming Today, the Spinone is a versatile hunter, loves everyone equally. As with all big dogs, retriever and companion dog who enjoys a early training is important when he is young ON Barkey Sylvia, Rolona Reg’d. Breeder of the as he grows quickly. variety of sports and activities. Personality The Spinone Italiano lives up Appearance 26-36” (65-90 cm) 120-200 lb (55-91 kg) to his reputation as a reliable and noble dog. This all-purpose breed is loyal, friendly, and intelligent and is good with children and Shorthaired: coarse, smooth, dense other animals. The Spinone can be both close-lying outercoat; profuse undercoat.

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Longhaired

most-titled Stafford in the world. Rolona has been producing winners both in the show ring and more importantly in family homes since 1976. Toad Hall, RR 6, Claremont, ON L1Y 1A3. (905) 649-3718; email: sybarkey@gmail.com

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Longhaired: medium-length, plain to slightly wavy outercoat; profuse undercoat. Neck ruff. Red and white in various shades of red and varying amounts of each colour, brindle and white. White markings.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Straight, flat, soft weatherproof coat. Moderate feathering. Rich red and white colouring. Any pattern is acceptable.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

World War. Breed fanciers imported fresh playful and docile, and is happiest when bloodlines and brought the Welsh Springer spending time with his family. People of all Spaniel back to sustainable numbers. ages are drawn to his unique appearance Personality A lovely mix between hunting and many comment on his soft, almost dog and couch potato, the Welsh Springer human-like eyes. Spaniel is equally happy working or Appearance Height: 22-27.5” (56-70 cm) relaxing at home. Because he was bred Weight: 62-86 lb (28-39 kg) as a birding dog, his hunting instincts are excellent. Outdoors he’s a tireless explorer. Coat can be flat, slightly crimped or wiry, and He is easy to train and very attached to his people, though without good socialization is tough and dense. Distinguished beard and moustache. Colours include white, white he can be shy of strangers. with brown or orange markings, brown Appearance 17-19” (43-49 cm) roan, and brown roan with brown markings. 35-45 lb (16-21 kg)


Personality The Tibetan Mastiff displays affection only to his family since his role is to protect. He is intelligent and independent. The puppies are quite playful so this is the History The origins of the Swedish Vallhund perfect time to socialize them. The Tibetan are uncertain. The breed is similar to the Mastiff is powerful, and while he does not Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and some theories require rigorous exercise, he does need suggest it was brought to Wales by marauding “purpose” and room to romp. A fenced Vikings and became the foundation of the yard is a must. Corgi breed. Others believe Corgis came first, and that they were brought back to Appearance 24-26”(61-66cm) 75-160 lb (34-72.5 kg) Scandinavia to become the progenitors of the Vallhund. Whatever his origin, the Weather-resistant, double coat. Black, black Swedish Vallhund was a hardworking and tan, or golden. multipurpose farm dog in Sweden, and an adept drover, ratter and watchdog. Officially Quick Facts recognized in 1948, the breed arrived in North Exercise Requirements Grooming America in the late 1980s. Personality A natural showoff, the cheerful Vallhund is happy to be alive, and doesn’t hesitate to tell you. He is clever and takes to training quickly. Early socialization is important to keep the Swedish Vallhund from becoming overprotective as he matures. He is good with other pets and children as long as he is properly socialized. Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 20-35 lb (9-16 kg)

TIBETAN SPANIEL

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Medium-length, harsh, tight water-repellent outercoat. Wooly, soft dense undercoat. Steel grey, greyish brown, reddish yellow, reddish brown, black sable with lighter History The Tibetan Spaniel is not a true shading. May have white markings. spaniel but shares ancestry with other Oriental lap dogs such as Pekingese, Shih Quick Facts Tzu and Lhasa Apso. Tibetan monks kept Exercise Requirements them as watchdogs and companions. Grooming Legend suggests Tibetan Spaniels were trained to turn the monks’ prayer wheels. TIBETAN MASTIFF Considered lucky, the dogs were never sold, and very rarely given as gifts.

Photo: Aisha Reg’d – Cathy French

Newfoundland, the Great Pyrenees, the Silky outercoat. Fine dense undercoat. All Dogue de Bordeaux and the Great Dane. colours and combinations acceptable. In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria received Quick Facts a Tibetan Mastiff as a gift. Exercise Requirements The Dalai Lama presented a pair of them Grooming to U.S. President Eisenhower in the 1950s, and the breed finally got established in TIBETAN TERRIER North America in the 1970s.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Swedish Vallhund

SWEDISH VALLHUND

History This storied breed originated in the Lost Valley of Tibet. Considered a holy dog that bestowed good fortune, the Tibetan Terrier was not to be sold, only presented as a gift. This breed is not a terrier, however. Descending from the ancient North Kunlun Mountain Dog and Inner Mongolian Dog, the Tibetan Terrier was a robust herder of sheep; perhaps his size and agility suggested a terrier bloodline. As well as herding, this breed provided protection and companionship for Tibetan monks. It was the Dalai Lama who presented a Western doctor with some “TTs”, and along with other pups she’d received from a patient, Dr. Agnes Grieg established a kennel in her native England. There, the Tibetan Terrier was formally recognized in 1937. In North America, the Tibetan Terrier gained notice in the 1970s. They likely contributed to other Tibetan breeds that enjoy popularity today, namely the Lhasa Apso and the Shih Tzu.

Personality The Tibetan Terrier is a quick, intelligent student, so stimulating training keeps him from getting bored. Good with children, cheerful and loyal, he makes as fine a companion in a city condo as he does in the countryside. Naturally protective, he likes to Though one or two may have left the bark, but less so than most true terriers. monasteries before the 20th century, Appearance 14-16” (34-41 cm) the first Tibetan Spaniels to come to 18-30 lb (8-13.5 kg) Great Britain were brought by medical missionaries in the 1920s. Tibetan Spaniels Thick, long outer coat in any colour or combination of colours. Nose must be black. came to North America in the mid-1960s Large, round feet act as winter “snowshoes”. and were finally recognized in 1983. Quick Facts Personality A born watchdog, the Tibetan Exercise Requirements Spaniel loves to find a high place to watch Grooming and warn his family. He is very attached to his owners, but also independent in SK History The Tibetan Mastiff is the nature. Playful and very intelligent, the Aisha Reg’d, Pat Delmorme. 40+ years breeding consummate guardian – the protector of Tibetan Spaniel gets much of his exercise and showing Tibetan Terriers for excellence in his family, home and livestock. These dogs playing games with his people. Lots of temperament, soundness and type. Tibetan are famous for their role as sentinels of socialization is important to accustom him Terriers are extremely versatile dogs, capable Tibetan monasteries. During Marco Polo’s to different people and places. of activities such as obedience, rally, agility and 13th century explorations, he recorded conformation as our dogs have demonstrated. seeing “dogs as big as donkeys”. It is this Appearance 10” (25 cm) (306) 789-0006; delormegp@sasktel.net; http:// 9-15 lb (4-7 kg) sturdy, ancient breed that engendered the aishatibetanterriers.ca 172

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Personality The blend of toy and terrier breeds makes the Toy Fox Terrier a wellrounded dog. This little lap dog has the devotion and affection of the toy breeds and the athletic hunting instincts of the terriers. Highly energetic and intelligent, this dog easily masters tricks and loves to entertain. Toy Fox Terriers are very social and love to spend time engaging in activities with their families. Their independent streaks mean they can be finicky, but it also means they have distinct and unique personalities. Toy Fox Terriers are very well-suited to high agility sports, such as Frisbee and flyball. Their size and friendly temperament make them good travelling companions.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History The Toy Fox Terrier is a North American darling. The breed originated in the U.S., when breeders crossed the Smooth Fox Terrier with various toy breeds, including the Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher, and Manchester Terrier. The resulting breed retained the game instincts of the terrier and the more mellow characteristics and smaller size of the toy breeds.

History The Vizsla is one the oldest sporting and birding dogs – the breed has been documented as early as the mid-13th century. Used by the nomadic Magyar tribes of the Russian Steppes, the Vizsla is a hunter, pointer and retriever rolled into one. Over the centuries, various hounds and pointers were added to the foundation Vizsla stock. Vizslas were companions to early Hungarian warlords, barons and kings.

This aristocratic connection made the Vizsla a target during the many upheavals that ripped across Hungary, and the breed nearly became extinct after World War II. Several fleeing aristocrats smuggled their precious dogs and pedigree records out of Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21.5-29 cm) the country. Modern Vizslas are descended 3.5-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) from these refugees, who were established Short, flat coat that requires little grooming. in kennels in Europe and North America. Slight neck ruff. Coat is usually glossy and In 1987, a Vizsla captured the first triple American championship for conformation, predominately white. Tricolour (black, tan, field trial and obedience. white or chocolate, tan, white), as well as white and tan or white and black blends. Personality Naturally energetic, the noble Vizsla is a hunter at heart, and requires lots Can also be all white. Erect, pointed ears. of exercise to keep happy. He gets along with Quick Facts other dogs and animals, and can be excellent Exercise Requirements with older children. Active socialization at a Grooming young age can be beneficial. AB Roeders TFT’s Perm. Reg’d, Cynthia Roeder. Reg’d with CKC/UKC/AKC with White/Black and Tri-colour TFT’s. We raise show and home pets. Raised among our family and are very comical in their own right. Being great for all performances Agility/Rally Obedience/ Conformation/Obedience. Or if you just want someone to snuggle up with you they are great at that. (403) 580-2577; roederstft@hotmail.com ON Loving Angels Reg’d, Joan Hamel. Puppies and adults are home raised and entered into public educational and competitive venues. Planned

VIZSLA (WIRE-HAIRED)

Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg)

History A dog of Hungarian origin, the Wire-Haired Vizsla was developed through the early to mid-1900s by breeding the Vizsla and the German Coarse-Haired Setter. Though the Smooth-Coated Vizsla made an excellent hunting dog, hunters wanted a breed with a thicker coat and more solid build to withstand colder temperatures. The Wire-Haired Vizsla was soon recognized for his keen nose and excellent swimming and pointing skills. World War II nearly caused the extinction of both forms of the Vizsla breed, but breeding continued and the Wire-Haired Vizsla was preserved. It was brought to North America nearly two decades later, where it was recognized as a breed in 1977. Personality The Wire-Haired Vizsla is a sensitive dog that responds well to training. A positive approach is best, as he is sensitive to punishment. The Vizsla loves to swim and participate in other outdoor activities. He typically bonds closely to his family, and can develop separation anxiety if not properly socialized from a young age and exercised regularly. Extremely loyal, the Vizsla will protect when necessary, but is generally very affectionate. Due to his versatility, this breed also excels in field trials and obedience competitions.

Short, smooth, dense close-lying coat. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) Shades of golden rust. 48.5-66 lb (22-30 kg) Quick Facts Tough, wiry, close-lying coat with Exercise Requirements prominent, bushy eyebrows and beard. Grooming Dark, sandy yellow. ON Chukar Reg’d, Ildiko & Garry Hughes. Since 1986. We pride ourselves on home-raised, well socialized, happy and healthy puppies. Fully guaranteed. Truly versatile for show, hunting or best friend. 8066 5th Line, RR 1, Angus, ON L0M 1B1. (705) 424-0502. chukarkennels@gmail.com

Vizsla (Wire-Haired)

VIZSLA (SMOOTH)

Onpoint Perm Reg’d, John Reid. With over 35 years of experience with the family, hunting, and field companion, we are Canada’s only kennel to win five US National Field Championships. Our puppies, born and raised in our home, come with a five-year written health guarantee. 72 Hutchison Rd, Mallorytown ON K0E 1R0. (613) 659-4888; onpointvizslas@outlook.com; www. onpointvizslas.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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breeding’s focus on health and personality. Test results and health certificates provided. Puppies receive early training, also carrier training. Companion & show quality to approved homes. Advice available to purchasers. New CKC registered breeding & showing assistance, as well as education & counseling for new CKC breeders available. References available. Inquiries welcome. Worldwide shipping available. 27-1300 King Street #281, Oshawa, ON L1H 8J4. (905) 725-2637

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Loving Angels Reg’d

TOY FOX TERRIER


History A truly exclusive breed, the Weimaraner was created by the Grand Duke Karl August of Weimar, Germany, as an allpurpose gun dog for the nobility. Perfected around 1810, the breed was a closely guarded treasure, with breeding and ownership strictly protected. The Weimaraner was recognized in Germany in 1896, and its breed club formed a year later. Ownership was restricted to club members. In the 1920s, American Howard Knight became a member of the club and brought a breeding pair to the U.S. The breed continued exclusive until the 1940s, when its skill as a gun dog brought it to the public’s eye. Modern Weimaraners continue to be excellent athletes with many top dogs having championships in both the show ring and the field. Personality Quick to learn, the Weimaraner is an energetic dog who can handle many situations. He is friendly, obedient and affectionate with his family. As an athlete, nothing makes him happier than lots of exercise and attention from his people. The Weimaraner makes a loving and enjoyable companion. Appearance 22-28” (57-70 cm) 55-88 lb (25-40 kg) Shorthaired: short, dense and smooth. Longhaired: long, flat or slightly wavy. Solid in colour ranging from mouse-grey to silver-grey. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Shorthaired Longhaired

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WELSH CORGI (CARDIGAN)

WELSH CORGI (PEMBROKE)

CH

History Theories about the origin of Welsh Corgis abound. One suggests they might have been Vallhunds who arrived with the Vikings; another that Vallhunds descend from Corgis taken as spoils during Viking raids. Corgis were used by the Celts as cattle dogs. By nipping at the heels of cows, Corgis drove them further apart, spreading them across the countryside and helping the Welsh lay claim to larger stretches of common land. Later, traditional herding dogs were needed to keep the herd together, and the Welsh Corgi lost his job.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Weimaraner

WEIMARANER

ON Almamater Reg’d, Gisela Tundis. Top quality pups. Over 23 years ofexperience. Both parents OFA hip certified. We pride ourselves inproducing family raised Weimaraners found in the show ring, obediencetrials, agility, or on the couch! Our goal with each litter is to producehealthy, mentally sound, good-looking puppies, hard workers but whocan relax in front of the fireplace at home when the day is done! Pupscome vet checked with first set of shots, dewormed, health guarantee,microchipped, CKC registered and lifetime of breeder support. We aremembers of Canadian kennel club, Weimaraner Association of Canadaand Weimaraner Club of America. Am Can Ch stud service available. MILTON, ON L0P1J0. giselatundis@yahoo.com; (905) 8051378; www.amweimaraners.com

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HCHA

BLUETRIX

REMINGTON

RANCH

HAND CGN RA. Bred/Owned by Lore Lee Bruder, Bluetrix Reg’d.

History With a history that may date back to 1,000 BC, the Welsh Corgi’s name probably derives from the Celtic word for dog, “corgi”. Others believe the name comes from a combination of “cor” (dwarf) and “gi” (dog). Corgi were used as cattle dogs. They herded cows with a technique called heeling; their short stature allowed them to nip at the cows’ heels without being kicked. The Welsh Corgi comes in two types: the Cardigan (long-tailed) and the Pembroke (tailless). Cardigan Welsh Corgis are stockier and longer than the Pembroke type. The Cardigan also has larger rounder ears and comes in a wider range of acceptable colours. Personality The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is an intelligent dog who is easy to train and loves to have a job. He is devoted to his family, and loves to spend time with them as much as possible. Early socialization helps him deal with unfamiliar situations and makes him safe with children. Cardigan Welsh Corgis do well in a variety of living situations, as long as they get adequate exercise and attention. Appearance 10-13” (27-32 cm) 25-38 lb (11-17 kg) Short or medium-length, dense, slightly harsh weather resistant outercoat. Short, soft thick undercoat. Slight ruff. Any colour, with or without white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Bluetrix Perm. Reg’d, Lore Lee Bruder. Bluetrix Cardigans are in home raised at the foot of the Rockies on a working ranch. National club member since 1991. We only breed the occasional litter. Lots of good breed and contact information on the Canadian Cardigan Corgi Club website. www.bluetrixcardigan.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

Welsh Corgis continued as popular farm pets, though, and Queen Elizabeth II owns several, all descendants of a pair of puppies given by King George VI to his daughters. Personality The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is playful and affectionate, bonding closely with his people. He is an athletic dog, and enjoys long walks and the mental stimulation of dog sports. He is responsive and enthusiastic about training, learning quickly and retaining what he learns. Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) Longish coarse outercoat. Short, thick weather-resistant undercoat. Red, sable, fawn, or black and tan. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON KenDelee Perm. Reg’d, Delilah KennedyToussaint. Welcome to KenDelee’s Welsh Corgis. Breeding since 1987 with many BPIS and BIS, as well as many Group wins. All my breeding dogs are health tested and all pups come with lifetime support from me, the breeder. 2 year health guarantee. (705) 344-5810; kendelee@ sympatico.ca; www.kendeleecorgis.com

WELSH SPRINGER SPANIEL -See Spaniel (Welsh Springer)


Personality Lively and curious, the Welsh Terrier thrives with an active family who enjoys sharing his energy. His eager, intelligent mind responds to positive, short bursts of regular training. Socialization from an early age will keep the Welsh Terrier well-mannered and confident. He benefits, too, from having a large, safe yard. When he is played-out, the Welsh Terrier wants nothing more than to relax with his people. Appearance 15” (38 cm) 20-21 lb (9-9.5 kg) Wiry, close, abundant coat. Black-and-tan, or black, grizzle-and-tan coat. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History One of several short-legged terriers bred in Scotland, the West Highland White Terrier, or Westie, originated some 300 years ago. Breeders selected white puppies from their litters and crossed them together to produce an all-white terrier whose colour would distinguish him from the terrain and game. The Westie we know came from a line of white terriers bred by the Malcolm family in Poltalloch, Argyllshire. A second strain of terriers was bred by the Duke of Argyll in Roseneath. “Poltalloch Terriers” and “Roseneath Terriers” were shown together; judges favoured the Poltalloch dogs and they became the recognized breed type. Colonel Malcolm came up with a new name for the breed in 1907 – the West Highland White Terrier. Westies came to North America in 1906, and were recognized in 1908. Personality Despite his cute looks, the Westie is all terrier. He is hardy and spunky, with lots of energy and “big dog” attitude. Like most terriers he is a good watch dog. The Westie is a quick study and loves to learn new tricks. He does very well in sports like agility and obedience. Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) 15-22 lb (7-10 kg) Straight, harsh outercoat. Short, soft close undercoat. White. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Briarridge Reg’d, Pamela Reilander. (587) 2257075; briarridge@shaw.ca ON ALBA Reg’d, Gisela Tundis. Top quality pups. Over 24 years breeding dogs. We pride ourselves in producing family raised Westies found in the show ring, obedience trials, agility, or on the couch! Our goal with each litter is to produce healthy, mentally sound, good-looking puppies, hard workers but who can relax in front of the fireplace at home when

the day is done! Pups come vet checked with first set of shots, dewormed, microchipped, CKC registered and lifetime of breeder support. We are members of Canadian kennel club, Canadian West Highland White Terrier club. MILTON, ON L0P1J0 www.albawesties. ca giselatundis@yahoo.com; (905) 805-1378 Cedar Creek Reg’d, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes after 8 weeks; dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1. (519) 925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels.ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca

West Highland White Terrier

History The Welsh Terrier likely inherited his bold spirit from the Old English Terrier, an ancient black-and-tan dog esteemed for hunting otter, fox and badger. From this strain, Welsh hunters developed a dog with longer legs and a wider girth. Early British sporting prints of the 1700s show dogs of this description. But in the 19th century show ring, all Old English Terriers fell under the same classification – at least until 1888 when a sturdy, long-legged dog named Dick Turpin outshone his competitors and the Welsh claimed him as one of their own. The Kennel Club concurred, and Welsh Terrier fanciers have Dick Turpin’s DNA to thank for the handsome, whiskered gent they admire today.

WEST HIGHLAND WHITE TERRIER

Milady Perm. Reg’d, Lisa Roessler-Pritchard. 30+ years devotion! Healthy, home-raised puppies from bloodlines noted for health and longevity. Always beloved family members. True ambassadors, award-winning conformation (multi-titled), obedience, CGC, registered therapy dogs. Written guarantee, lifetime return policy, continued breeder support and comprehensive puppy package. Occasionally adolescents/mature adults. Member CWHWTC, WHWTCA, CKC. Delivery available. PO Box 940, Harrow (Windsor Area), ON N0R 1G0 (519) 736-9411; miladywesties@hotmail.com

CHALLENGE YOUR PUP’S BRAIN BY INVESTING IN AN INTERACTIVE TOY. THESE PLAYTHINGS HELP DEVELOP PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILLS AND PREVENT

PUREBRED

WELSH TERRIER

MISCHIEVOUS BEHAVIOUR!

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Whippet

WHIPPET

YORKSHIRE TERRIER

Appearance 6-7” (15-18 cm) under 7 lb (3 kg) Long, straight, silky fine coat. Steel blue and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Also known as the “poor man’s racehorse”, the Whippet’s origins stem from the sport of setting “snapdogs” after rabbit. These snapdogs were released in a small pit where they were timed to see how quickly they could dispatch several rabbits. By crossing terriers with small greyhounds, breeders produced an agile and capable dog that soon dominated the sport. When it was banned, Whippets were used in lure or “rag” racing. When Lancashire textile workers immigrated to New England in the early 1900s, they brought their Whippets, and the sport of lure coursing, with them. The Whippet can run up to 35 miles an hour. Personality Though a racing Whippet is the perfect picture of speed, he is an easygoing and relaxed individual, always ready to curl up on the couch and snuggle. He is attached to his people and gets along with children, strangers and other dogs. Outdoors, it is important to keep him in a safely enclosed area or on a leash. Appearance 17-22” (44-56 cm) 25-40 lb (11-18 kg) Short, smooth fine coat. Any colour or combination of colours is acceptable.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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RBIS Can/Am Champion Oz’s Storm Chaser. Chase is a top Yorkie in Canada and the Select Dog winner at Westminster 2018. Bred/Owned by Loreta Serafini.

History Some believe the Yorkshire Terrier is a cross of Maltese, Skye Terriers, Manchester Terriers and possibly Dandie Dinmont Terriers. Others say the documentation points to a mixture of three now-extinct breeds: the Clydesdale Terrier (a silken type of Skye Terrier), the Waterside Terrier, and the Old English Terrier (toy-size with a rough and broken coat). First known as Broken Haired Scotch Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier acquired its current name in 1874. Yorkshire Terriers quickly gained popularity throughout England and North America. The story credited for bringing the breed into the limelight involves William Wynne and a Yorkshire Terrier he found in a shell hole near New Guinea during World War II. Wynne named the dog Smokey and backpacked with him through 12 sea rescue missions and 150 air raids. Personality Energetic and full of life, the Yorkshire Terrier is a bold and tenacious dog whose personality outweighs his tiny size. He is brave and loyal, attached to his family and prepared to defend it with his voice. Early socialization and consistent training are essential.

AB CwnAnnwn Yorkshire Terriers Reg’d, Sandra Nicholson. Quality pet and show potential puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Excellent temperaments and health guaranteed. Bred for health, personality and conformation to CKC standard. Microchipped vaccinated and vet checked. Provided with a puppy pack to ensure they start out with food, items and toys they already know and love. (780) 361-1939; inquiry@annwn.ca; www. annwn.ca ON Adanta Reg’d. Marilyn Burleson. Champion bloodlines, beautiful, healthy, intelligent, prespoiled, quality, home-raised puppies. Health guarantee. Canadian Kennel Club Registered. 30 minutes south of Hamilton (519) 426-4638 cell (519) 860-2381; adanta1954@ gmail.com; www.adantayorksireterriers.com Judawn Reg’d, Judy Van Dusen. Home raised CKC reg’d. puppies from Champion bloodlines. Micro chip, Vet. Check, Health guarantee. We breed quality not quantity. 1113 Monteagle Lane, Pickering, ON L1V 3M7 (905) 831-8885; judawn@rogers.com; www.judawnyorkies.com. OZ Yorkshire Terriers, Loreta Serafini. Breeding for over 25 years. Over 50 Canadian Champions, 20+ American Champions, 3x Winner of Canadian National Specialty and 1x Winner of American National Specialty. Written Health Guarantees and lifetime breeder support for puppy buyers. (905) 465-2580; ozyt@cogeco.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)


USE THIS HANDY TRANSLATOR TO DETERMINE SOME OF THE MORE COMMON TERMS AND ACRONYMS:  eans a kennel name M is registered with an accepted registry

Perm. Means a kennel is Reg’d permanently registered

Phenotype Refers to the collective

appearance of a dog, based on physical and psychological traits Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Performed by veterinarians specially trained in the procedure. This method determines hip joint laxity, which can then be used to predict the likelihood of an individual developing hip dysplasia. www. pennhip.org

BAER Brain Auditory Evoked

Response. Measures the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or certain tones. Certifies hearing.

CERF Canine Eye Registration

TSH Thyroid stimulating hormone – a test to determine hypothyroidism

vWD von Willebrand’s disease

sense of his genetic composition

by heredity and environmental factors. Sires and dams in breeds known for HD should be X-rayed clear.

REGISTRIES AKC American Kennel Club (U.S.-based)

ARBA American Rare Breeds

Association: the American equivalent to CRBA

OFFA Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Tracks and records information pertaining to genetic and orthopedic diseases. www.offa.org

Internationale (Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia and Australia)

UKC

CBCA Canadian Border Collie

United Kennel Club

TITLES BIF Best in Field – the top

coursing hound at a trial

BIS Best in Show – the best dog at a conformation show

BISS Best in Specialty Show – the best dog at a specialty show

BPIS Best Puppy in Show

– the best puppy at a conformation show

HIT High in Trial – the

best performer at an obedience trial

– a bleeding disorder that affects some breeds

Genotype Refers to a dog in the

HD Hip dysplasia is affected

FCI Fédération Cynologique

PennHIP The University of

HEALTH-RELATED

Foundation. Tracks and records ocular diseases in dogs and maintains databases on known conditions and predispositions. Certifies vision.

Association

TEMPERAMENT CGC

Canine Good Citizen

– determines if a dog is well trained and obedient in public

TT Temperament Tested – shows if a dog has stable temperament

PUREBRED

Reg’d

Association

CKC

Canadian Kennel Club

CRBA Canadian Rare Breeds

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Bolognese

RARE BREEDS Rare breeds typically have breed clubs or associations and are working toward official recognition by one of Canada’s registering organizations, e.g. Canadian Kennel Club. They may be recognized by other official organizations outside of Canada.

KLEINER MÜNSTERLÄNDER (AKA SMALL MÜNSTERLÄNDER)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BOLOGNESE

RARE BREED

History This delightful toy breed originated in Bologna, Italy but much of the breed’s past is unknown, since it’s tangled up with the history of related breeds such as the Maltese. The dogs were generally cultivated as pets for the upper class, and presented as cherished gifts to help establish trade and good relations with European noblemen. In one well known example of this, the Duke d’Este gave two Bolognese dogs to King Philip II of Spain in the late 1500s. Pleased with his gift, the King replied “these two little dogs are the most royal gifts one can make to an emperor”.

Jago Vom Grenzwall. NAVHDA field tested. Prize 1 Natural Ability in versatility. Bred by Von Der Linde Reg’d. Owned by Ralf Bothe. RR 2, Queensville, ON. www.smallmunsterlanders.net

History The Kleiner Münsterländer Vorstehhund originated 500 years ago in Münsterländer, northwest Germany, where they were used to retrieve birds killed by falcons. Over time, as bird dogs became more specialized, the Kleiner (or Small) Münsterländer’s versatility was less valued, and the breed nearly died out. This changed when commoners were allowed to hunt freely, and a small dog that could hunt both bird and small game became an The breed didn’t arrive in North essential source of food and income. The America until the 1980s. Here, the dogs Kleiner Münsterländers’ flexibility and are loved for their docile personalities aptitude for hunting made them highly valuable to their owners, who kept them and are prized as companions. close to home and family. Personality Cute and cuddly, the Bolognese is a fun and loyal pet. He does While the breed remains rare, its need regular exercise but is fairly laid back recognition as a versatile and effective and serious for a toy breed. While he will hunting and birding dog as well as a kind and even-tempered family pet continue to alert to strangers, he is not a big barker and bring it a new popularity. quickly warms to new people once he gets Personality Happy and outgoing, the Kleiner to know them. Münsterländer is an exceptional hunting Appearance 9-12” (25-30 cm) dog. He works closely with his handler, and 5-9 lb (2.5-4 kg) then happily returns home to relax with his family. Eager to please, and quite intelligent, Long fluffy coat, slightly shorter on the the Münsterländer is quick to learn. He muzzle. White in colour. is successful in a variety of dog sports like obedience and agility. Quick Facts Appearance 20-22” (52-54 cm) Exercise Requirements 33-64 lb (15-29 kg) Grooming

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Medium-length, dense, close-lying, water repellent coat. Brown-white or brown roan with brown patches, brown mantle, or brown ticking. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON Von Der Linde Reg’d, Ralf Bothe. Breeder of premium Small Mu¨nsterländers. German imports of high performance breeding of the truly versatile German hunting dog. Specializing in pointing, tracking and retrieving and a great family pet! Started gun dogs available on request. NAVHDA NA tested. Training and assistance available on site. 21133 Kennedy Rd, RR 2, Queensville, ON L0G 1R0. (905) 473-9395; ralf.bothe@xplornet. com; www.smallmunsterlanders.net. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

MINIATURE AMERICAN SHEPHERD

History To appreciate the story of the Miniature American Shepherd, it helps to remember that its Australian Shepherd forerunners were developed in the U.S., not Australia. These herding dogs tended sheep with great skill, and it was the livestock that came from “Down Under”, not the dog. In the late 1960s, some smaller-sized Australian Shepherds found their way to a California dog breeder. Doris Cordova liked their compact size, and bred more “Mini Aussies.” They worked as diligently as their larger counterparts, and the breed found favour. Miniature Australian Shepherds were registered with rare-breed organizations until 2011, when the American Kennel Club FSS (Foundation Stock Service) granted them a new name: the Miniature American Shepherd. The breed is on-track for full AKC designation as of July, 2015. Although the Miniature American Shepherd is not yet acknowledged by the Canadian Kennel Club, given the breed’s popularity, official recognition is likely not far off. Personality Eye-catching for its size, there is nothing diminished about the breed’s intelligence and drive. The Miniature American Shepherd loves to accomplish the task set before him – be it herding, competing at flyball, or minding the children. This loyal family dog adapts to


Appearance 1  3-18” (33-46 cm) 20-31 lb (9-14 kg) Double coat. Blue merle, red merle, solid black, or solid red. All colours accepted with or without white markings and/or tan points. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Requirements

MINIATURE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD

both face and body, with beard and moustache requires daily grooming. All colours except white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth

SHILOH SHEPHERD

Personality A working dog at heart, the Miniature Australian Shepherd remains an active and capable athlete who excels at sports like agility or competitive obedience. He is a smart and friendly dog who loves to please. Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm) 20-40 lb (9-18 kg) Moderate length, straight to wavy, weather resistant outercoat and undercoat. Blue merle, red (liver) merle, solid black, solid red (liver). With or without white markings or tan (copper) points.

History The Shiloh Shepherd is a very new breed developed by Tina Barber in the early 1970s. Having grown up around German Shepherds, Barber sought a return to the large, square-bodied physique she remembered in Germany. She set out to create her ideal dog – one who was smart, loyal and easy to train, while being strong enough to herd and guard, and gentle History The true ancestry of this breed is enough to trust with children. She focused unknown, but one common belief is that the on both soundness of body and mind. Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka (translation – coloured lapdogs) is descended from the Barber’s efforts were very successful, and French Bolonka brought into Russia by demand for her “new” breed of Shepherds Napoleon’s army and those Bichon Frises grew. By 1990, the shepherds from her gifted to Russian nobility towards the end of Shiloh kennel proved to differ enough the Renaissance period. When the French from classic German Shepherds that she army retreated, the little dogs, including formed the International Shiloh Shepherd Bichons, Shih Tzus and long-haired Registry and lobbied for the acceptance of Yorkshire Terriers, became the foundation the Shiloh Shepherd by the American Rare stock for this breed. Russia’s utilitarian Breed Association. The breed continues to attitude toward dogs (for herding and develop under Barber’s guidance, with strict hunting) made the toy dogs rare and registration guidelines and standards. prestigious. In the 1960s, post-Khrushchev, Personality Bred to compete in the Soviet Union loosened restrictions on dog breeding, resulting in more toy breeds. Schutzhund trials in the morning, babysit the kids in the afternoon, and guide the Personality The Bolonka is a happy-go- blind in the evening, the Shiloh Shepherd lucky, even-tempered dog that bonds deeply is an intelligent dog who works hard with his family but loves to be best friends and wants to be your best friend. He is with everyone he meets, including children easy to train, and can learn anything set and other animals. This dog’s versatile before him. A workaholic at heart, the Shiloh personality means he will eagerly participate Shepherd is happiest when he has a job to in group activities, but is also content to sit on do, and can easily excel in many jobs. the sidelines. Often described as a “bundle of joy”, the Bolonka is very affectionate and Appearance 26-32” (66-82 cm) 100-160 lb (45-73 kg) trusting, but he’s no pushover since he often thinks he’s bigger than he is. Walking and Plush: medium-coarse outercoat; soft playing are the Bolonka’s preferred forms of undercoat; mane. Smooth: medium-length, exercise, which makes these dogs great for dense, close-lying outercoat; undercoat; mane. both city and country. Golden, silver, red, dark brown, dark grey, black Appearance 9.5-10” (24-26 cm) 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg)

sable, black, white, shades of black with tan, golden tan, reddish tan, silver or cream.

Silky, thick, soft outercoat with dense Quick Facts undercoat. Dense outercoat often Exercise Requirements forming waves or curls. Long fur on Grooming

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RARE BREED

In the 1960s a breeder named Doris Cordova purchased several small working Australian Shepherds. Liking their small size, she bred them together, striving for a miniature version that stood consistently less than 18” tall. Other breeders took a liking to the little Aussies, and by 1990 the breed had its own breed club. Today, breeders of Miniature Australian Shepherds strive to maintain their working ability.

Photo: Ancient Iron Bolonka Reg’d.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA

History Australian Shepherds are not truly native to Australia, but when Basque shepherds immigrated there they brought their Pyrenean Shepherd dogs with them to herd Australian sheep. These dogs were crossed with other herding breeds such as the Collie and Border Collie to produce the Australian Shepherd. Eventually, in the 1840s, these shepherd dogs came to North America, where their efficient herding ability made them popular with Americans, particularly in the West.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON Emberview Toy Aussie’s. “Special things come in Small Packages”. Intelligent, hardworking, versatile, and loyal family pet, the Aussie is a real looker coming in the Toy and Mini Sizes and comes in a variety of colors from Black & Red Tri’s to Blue & Red Merles. Raised in our homes. Parents have had their genetic testing done & come with a health guarantee. Make your next adventure an “Aussie”. Contact Karyn: (519) 334-4016; rodeo@ehtel.ca; Cathy (519) 334-3825; snswhyte@hotmail.com; www. emberviewtoyaussies.com

Shiloh Shepherd

city or rural living, providing a mental and physical challenge is at hand.


Photo: Armstrong’s CKC reg’d White Shepherds

White Shepherd

WHITE SHEPHERD

Slow introductions and early socialization will help him let his guard down. Constant stimulation through tasks and training is also important, as he prefer to stay busy. While he makes a great companion for all members of the family, including children and other dogs, the White Shepherd tends to favour one master. Positive training will help guide his behaviour in the direction you choose. Appearance 22-26” (55-66 cm) 60-85 lb (27-39 kg)

Medium-length outercoat is dense, straight and flat-lying. Undercoat is fine but dense. History German Shepherd Dogs with White or white with cream markings. white coats started appearing in the late 1800s. These puppies were sought out Quick Facts by farmers and shepherds to protect Exercise Requirements their flocks, as their white hair made it Grooming easier to tell them apart from predators – particularly wolves. By the early 1990s, ON CKC registered White White Shepherds were bred by selection Armstrong’s for this purpose. Soon after, the White Shepherds. A uniquely holistic health-focused Shepherd became a popular choice in (kennel-free) breeder who specializes in evenNorth American households. Today, he is tempered, short and plush coated spectacular recognized as a rare herding breed that looking White Shepherd Puppies for sharing with families who are looking for a superior, makes a great companion and protector.

RARE BREED

Personality The White Shepherd is known for being intelligent and hard working. He is best suited for an active household, especially one where he can spend a lot of time outdoors in the company of his family. Due to his protective qualities, the White Shepherd can be hesitant around strangers.

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above average intelligence, human-focused working type canine for a pet. 5 generations of rare Whites with stunning looks and great temperaments. We are all about our puppies! Healthy, Loving + Devoted fur babies that promise to turn into GREAT DOGS. London, ON (519) 644-1385; momstudy@execulink.com; www.awhiteshepherd.weebly.com

“Once you have had a wonderful dog, a life without one, is a life diminished.” – Dean Koontz

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum


INDEX

SPOTLIGHT INDEX

WELCOME TO OUR BREEDER SPOTLIGHT! Buying a puppy is an exciting time. But it’s important to research the breed that’s right for your lifestyle and your family situation. That’s where reputable breeders can help. Unlike puppy mills, which provide substandard care for their breeding animals, and produce puppies prone to health issues, reputable breeders care deeply about their litters, and want to find the right match for you and their puppies. In this section, we turn the spotlight onto various breeders, who wish to share information on their dogs and kennels with you. The breeds are listed alphabetically, as much as possible. Please note these are advertisements paid for by the breeders and/or kennels.

MUDI

Herdabout Mudis Perm. Reg’d. . . . . . p193

DALMATIAN

LeeAnns Poodles Perm. Reg’d . . . . . . p194

Echo View Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 Cocoabeach Kennels Reg’d. . . . . . . . . p184 Red Rock Kennels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 TON-OF-DAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 Snowdon Kennels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 Clairity Dalmations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 PepperOak Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 AusCanDals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 Tammy & John O’Donnell . . . . . . . . . . p184 Winterspear Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p185

GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG

Burgimwald German Shepherds Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p186 Committed to Canine/ Lucescu Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p187 Guardian Angel Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p188

HAVANESE

POODLE (MINIATURE) POODLE (STANDARD)

SPANIEL (ENGLISH SPRINGER)

Roman Kennels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p200

SPANIEL (WELSH SPRINGER)

Edencourt Kennels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p194 Syquefine Poodles Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . p194 Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p195

Upland Creek Welsh Springer Spaniels Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . p200

PORTUGUESE WATER DOG

Armstrong’s White Shepherds. . . . . . p200

RETRIEVER (GOLDEN)

Oz Yorkshire Terriers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p201

MacDuff Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p196 Blackpool Perm. Reg’d p197 Makani Meadows Reg’d p197

WHITE SHEPHERD

YORKSHIRE TERRIER

RETRIEVER (LABRADOR)

Asklar Labrador Retrievers Perm. Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p197

SCHNAUZER (GIANT)

Elite Havanese Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189 Havanese Fanciers of Canada. . . . . . . p190 Talemaker Havanese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p191

Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p198

MASTIFF

Herdabout Shelties Perm. Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p199

The Canadian Mastiff Club. . . . . . . . . . p192

SOFT-COATED WHEATEN TERRIER

Rathdrum Wheatons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p200

SHETLAND SHEEPDOG

SPOTLIGHT

CAIRN TERRIER

Cairn Terrier Club of Canada. . . . . . . . p182 Magisterial Cairn Terrier Reg’d. . . . . . p183

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Cairn Terrier

SPOTLIGHT 182

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SPOTLIGHT

Cairn Terrier


Dalmatian

SPOTLIGHT 184

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


Dalmatian

SPOTLIGHT CanadianDOGS.com

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German Shepherd Dog

SPOTLIGHT 186

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


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SPOTLIGHT

German Shepherd Dog


German Shepherd Dog

SPOTLIGHT 188

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Havanese

SPOTLIGHT CanadianDOGS.com

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Havenese

SPOTLIGHT 190

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


Havanese

SPOTLIGHT CanadianDOGS.com

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Mastiff

SPOTLIGHT 192

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020


Mudi

SPOTLIGHT CanadianDOGS.com

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SPOTLIGHT Poodle (Miniature & Standard)


CanadianDOGS.com

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SPOTLIGHT

Poodle (Standard)


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SPOTLIGHT Portuguese Water Dog


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SPOTLIGHT

Retriever (Golden & Labrador)


Schnauzer (Giant)

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Breeding structurally sound, well balanced dog for all venues. PEDIGREE indicates what the dog SHOULD be. CONFORMATION indicates what the dog APPEARS to be. PERFORMANCE indicates what the dog actually IS.

Shetland Sheepdog

HERDABOUT SHELTIES PERM. REG’D

PUPPIES WITH POTENTIAL

We are professional dog trainers who actively compete with our dogs in Conformation, Agility, Obedience, and Rally. Our puppies are raised in an enriched environment with an extensive

socialization and desensitivity program that begins with the “super puppy” program at just 3 days of age. We offer a lifetime guarantee against Hip Dysplasia, Degenerative Myelopathy, Collie Eye Anomoly, Chordial Hypoplasia, and VwD Affected.

SPOTLIGHT

At Herdabout Perm. Reg’d our dogs are NOT just a hobby, but a lifetime commitment.

All puppies are tested for general temperament and working potential at 7.5 weeks of age.

sheltieland@rogers.com

HERDABOUTSHELTIES.COM CanadianDOGS.com

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SPOTLIGHT Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier | Spaniel (English & Welsh Springer) | White Shepherd


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SPOTLIGHT

Yorkshire Terrier


TRAINING 202

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MARKETPLACE CanadianDOGS.com

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MARKETPLACE CanadianDOGS.com

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MARKETPLACE 206

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MARKETPLACE CanadianDOGS.com

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MARKETPLACE

CHECK OUT THE CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL WEBSITE! 3GREAT INFORMATION 3REPUTABLE BREEDERS 3FANTASTIC CONTESTS 3AND MUCH MORE!

CanadianDOGS.com CanadianDOGS.com

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The

A-MAZE-ING Treat Hunt Which lucky pup will sniff out the treat?

Time yourself to see how fast you can find out! Then check your score below.

210

HOW DID YOU DO?

Under 60 seconds — Incredible! You must be part bloodhound.

60-90 seconds — Good job! You’ve got the stamina of a husky and the determination of a terrier.

Over 90 seconds — You’re obviously more of a lap dog — used to getting your treats handed to you!

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2020

Find the solution at canadiandogs.com/maze


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Profile for Redstone Media Group

Canadian Dogs Annual 2020  

185+ Breeds, 8 Ways Dogs Improve our Mental Health, Top Canine Guinness World Record Holders, How Dogs Learn, Perfect Puppy Pics, Top 10 Tra...

Canadian Dogs Annual 2020  

185+ Breeds, 8 Ways Dogs Improve our Mental Health, Top Canine Guinness World Record Holders, How Dogs Learn, Perfect Puppy Pics, Top 10 Tra...