Leader’s Digest #54 (August 2021)

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LEADERS ISSUE 54

DIGEST

AUGUST 2021

I will fight for all Sarawakians as the Chief Minister, regardless of race. I’m the Chief Minister of the Sarawakians, Sarawakians are my top priority and concern.

Datuk Patinggi (Dr) Abang Haji Abdul Rahman Zohari Bin Tun Datuk Abang Haji Openg Chief Minister of Sarawak


LEADERS

DIGEST

Publication Team Editor-in-Chief Ismail Said Editor Diana Marie Capel Graphic Designers Awang Ismail bin Awang Hambali Abdul Rani Haji Adenan

* Read our online version to access the hyperlinks to other reference articles made by the author.

Contents

ISSUE 54 I AUGUST 2021

04

MEMOIRS FOR THE STATE CIVIL SERVICE

14

DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY FOR SARAWAK TOURISM

06

THE STATE CIVIL SERVICE ECOSYSTEM

16

GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY

08

VISION 2030 PROSPERITY • INCLUSIVITY • SUSTAINABILITY

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ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

10

BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY

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INCLUSIVITY

12

WE’RE IN THIS TOGETHER...

22

LEADERSHIP JOURNEY AND MILESTONES

Read this issue and past issues online at leadinstitute.com.my/ leaders-digest Scan the QR code below for quicker access:

LET US KNOW If you are encouraged or provoked by any item in the LEADERS DIGEST, we would appreciate if you share your thoughts with us. Here’s how to reach us: Email: diana@leadinstitute.com.my Content Partners:

Leader’s Digest is a monthly publication by the Leadership Institute of Sarawak Civil Service, dedicated to advancing civil service leadership and to inspire our Sarawak Civil Service (SCS) leaders with contemporary leadership principles. It features a range of content contributed by our strategic partners and panel of advisors from renowned global institutions as well as established corporations that we are affiliated with. Occasionally, we have guest contributions from our pool of subject matter experts as well as from our own employees. The views expressed in the articles published are not necessarily those of Leadership Institute of Sarawak Civil Service Sdn. Bhd. (292980-T). No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the publisher’s permission in writing.

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LEADERS

DIGEST

From the

Editorial Desk

The 2030 PCDS Sarawak Olympics

The Tokyo 2020 Olympics took place in 2021. It is the first global event that kept the spirit of the Olympics with a COVID environment with amazing achievements and new records. One wonders if the extra one year led to athletes being even more prepared, more capable. The success of the athletes, the content of the Olympics, was only possible because of the people who maintained their commitment, energy and focus disciplined dedication to ensure that the structure – the facilities – and the complex interwoven processes of every sport discipline was on time and following the highest standards. The 7 sectors targeted as the foundation of the vision for the prosperity of all Sarawakians and beyond is a structure that covers all economic ‘bases’. Whilst structure, tools and processes have been carefully defined and out in place in many documents, speeches and through constant reminders in all government and private sectors, the main advantage over the sport Olympics is that in the 2030 PCDS Sarawak Olympics the people, the civil servants, behind the structure, the tools and the processes are athletes, too! So, everyone in the State Civil Service, are the first athlete who can be the forerunner of any plan of action where non-civil servants are to act, perform, achieve and make an impact – a gold medal – but the powerful carrier of the 2030 PCDS Olympic torch.

Imagine this The stadium is full of citizens. All 7 events will be presented at the same time. You, the main representative of the 2030 objective will show the spectators how the unique Sarawak-design plan of action for its improved and global-positioning future is to be done. Everybody is watching, feeling and waiting to see you as the example of it all. The whistle is blown and the action starts. It is more than a 100-meter sprint, more than complex gymnastic acrobatics, more than high-adrenaline diving, more than calmness of archery. It is a combination of all of that in a duration much longer than the Tokyo Olympics: it’s a bit more than an eight-year event with the finish

line in 2030. As much as we think that we still have time, the goals and the path to them is not fixed. As we live in a world that changes constantly, with events beyond our control, every minute is the representation of a momentum. And it is this minute that defines if the momentum by the Sarawak leadership is embraced, expanded and accelerated by all of us. Our Sarawak Olympics must become the stage for Sarawakians, the stage for Malaysia and the world. Similar to our athletes at the Tokyo Olympics who made us proud, we should have the same duty of purpose. Not because there is a medal, not because we must feel part of an elite group, but because we are passionate about showing the way, maintaining the ‘marathon’ of well-being for those who are depending on us. Like the leadership qualities of parents, our society is this family, this extended family beyond the walls of our home, that will only reach the podium of higher meaning when we, the civil servants, lead the way. As we move to meet world standards, remember that heritage is not just what we have from the past, but what we develop continuously and can call it ‘Felt and Made in Sarawak – We Are In It Toegther’. A powerful emotional moment at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics was the decision by the high-jump athletes, who both jumped the highest with 2.37m, not to go to a jump-off to see who is the gold medalist. Both athletes agreed to have a gold medal each. Whilst the spirit of competitiveness remained strong, the sportsmanship was stronger. Watch this moment through this link and imagine you being one of them.

Can we have 2 golds?

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Memoirs

for the State Civil Service

Sarawak Chief Minister | Abang Johari

SCS Contribution in Transformation and Innovation The contribution of the State Civil Service is invaluable and is undoubtedly the central backbone of the government machinery. SCS has indeed successfully carried out its transformation initiatives under the Sarawak Transformation Plan 10-20. Your knowledge about digital economy is critical particularly in the State’s development strategies for eight (8) economic sectors for Sarawak Digital Economy that includes Agriculture, Manufacturing, Tourism, Smart City, Digital Health, e-Commerce, Digital Government, Sports, Social, Arts and Culture. This is supported by seven (7) enablers consisting of Digital Infrastructure, Digital Skills and Talent Development, Research and Development, Digital Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Digital and Data, Cyber Security, and Digital Inclusivity. With this comprehensive strategy and action plans, I am confident that our digital economic development is progressing in the right direction. This State Multimedia Authority will be the central body that oversees and regulate the digital strategies and initiatives in the State and the State Multimedia Authority Ordinance was passed in the last Dewan Undangan Negeri meeting in November 2017. We launched several digital services via mobile apps this year aimed at providing convenience to the public and, each of these initiatives is a step forward in contributing towards the evolvement of the digital economy ecosystem such as the Sarawak Gov and Sarawak Pay.

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How we started Eight (8) Digital Economy Initiatives To establish Development Bank of Sarawak (DBOS) To establish Sarawak Multimedia Authority (SMA)

To establish a Digital Village

To promote e-Learning

To establish Sarawak Digital Economy Corporation (SDEC)

To promote Data Hosting and Big Data

To improve ICT infrastructure

To organise DigitalEconomy Labs

Teamwork and Cultures in Digitalisation Efforts Digitalisation is impacting our economic development as well as social life and it provides new opportunities to those who are prepared to venture into this new field. The State must embrace the new era of digitalisation and ride on the digital economy in order to stay ahead, thrive and prosper for the wellbeing of the rakyat. This is imperative especially with the emergence of rapid explosion of technological advancement and the disruptive forces of the digital revolution. We are already implementing some of these digital disruptive strategies to generate untapped opportunities, innovations and value creation for all. I have entrusted top officers in the State Civil Service to play key roles in the digitalisation initiatives of the State and they will collaborate with seasoned corporate bigwigs to propel the digital economy to the fore. With the strong drive from the government, the digital transformation can truly succeed to its full capacity. I need all of you to be in the same page and uphold your integrity in your execution. The State has no choice but to strengthen our development strategies to accelerate the economic growth and to overcome the challenges of the global economy. DIGITAL ECONOMY TRANSFORMATION 2017

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PENJAWAT AWAM CEMERLANG NEGARA GEMILANG

The State Civil Service Ecosystem The culture of Innovation, must be strengthened as a key factor to drive Sarawak to achieve the status of a developed and high -income state in Malaysia by 2030. We must drive change through governance, culture, and quality management to modernize service delivery, moving it from a state of complexity and fragmentation to an easier and integrated one-stop access. For the citizens, this will result in more effective and efficient service delivery. For us, as the Government, to provide excellent service delivery, we must shift from simple transactions to a more integrated service approach that focuses on citizen-centred approach-based outcomes. This citizen-centric approach innovates and simplifies service delivery by focusing on what governments are trying to achieve in terms of citizen outcomes, integrating information among multiple systems, and working collaboratively with other agencies.

• • • •

FOCUS ON THE CITIZEN DELIVER ONE-STOP GOVERNMENT SERVICE INTEGRATE CITIZEN INFORMATION COLLABORATE, COORDINATION & PARTNER

I am glad that the SCS has a solid innovation and creativity ecosystem recognized internationally. This ecosystem will ensure the continuation of excellence in service delivery at all levels of Sarawak Civil Service to address multiple levels of issues and challenges. Efforts to continuously diversify innovation must be the core to enable all of us to face and adapt to dynamic environmental changes, especially in the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution. The production of innovation -based products or services must be aligned with the needs and wants of society now and in the future. The State Civil Service have been entrusted to perform your duties to for the welfare of the people and the best

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interests of the country. We must always be thoughtful, assess the shortcomings and the organization, implement improvements and enhancement of service quality in order to maintain excellence and restore public confidence in Government agencies. Let us all move as a team to form a strong and cohesive partnership for the continuity of service and the well -being of the community. Make every shortcoming as an opportunity for us to continue to produce something more creative and innovative, as the late Steve Jobs said "Let's go invent tomorrow instead of worrying about what happened yesterday. I call on all civil servants to work together to produce something that is out of the box and unique, dynamic, has added value to further strengthen the quality of service. public which indirectly raises the standards of Government governance. The State Civil Service is an important asset in the delivery of services to the people and the development of the country. The people's growing expectations of the performance of the public sector demand that civil servants continue to provide excellent services. Therefore, it is important for civil servants to be empowered with knowledge, attitudes and positive values. Excellent and balanced civil servants intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically will be the drivers to the success of the public sector. We should never feel comfortable with the success that has been achieved, in fact this success and excellence should be a source of inspiration to all to continue to work harder in order to provide the best service to the people. SARAWAK CIVIL SERVICE INNOVATION CONVENTION AWARDS (SCSICA) 2020


LEADERS

DIGEST

By 2030, Sarawak Will Be a Thriving Society Driven by Data and Innovation Where Everyone Enjoys Economic Prosperity, Social Inclusivity and A Sustainable Environment

Fifty years ago, people disputed poverty elimination as a meagre idealistic fantasy and a waste of money to try and eliminate. Sarawak economy prior to the pandemic grew by an average rate of 2.9% between 20162019. What the world has achieved is extraordinary, and we are optimistic that the same can be done for Sarawak. It is important to understand the differentiated and intensified impact the pandemic has on each of our people in Sarawak. The PCDS embraces broad targets aimed at promoting equal access to economic activities and fostering dynamic participatory by our stakeholders. These goals and targets, when effectively translated into action, will inevitably represent essential elements of our societal inclusion processes. We want every Sarawakian to be involved throughout the progression of improving the terms of their involvement in society, income generating opportunities, access to resources and, our respect for the principle that every person should reap the benefits of the State’s prosperity and enjoy a comfortable standard of well-being. While we are working towards this mission, we must recognize the modifications we have to make in the way we operate. Interventive, conceptual and analytical work on what constitutes inclusion, as well as efforts to improve data availability, are needed quite urgently.

POST COVID DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY (PCDS) 2021

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LEADERS

DIGEST

We aspire to be the food exporter through commercial agriculture that capitalises on modern farming and global partnerships. Key initiatives include developing agro-parks, high value downstream products such as oleochemical and smart farming. We will accelerate our efforts in precision agriculture using 4IR technologies to provide the feedstock to develop high-value products and services. This will double agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers through equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.

VISION 2030

PROSPERITY • INCLUSIVITY • SUSTAINABILITY

We aspire to be a developed State with a thriving society where everyone enjoys economic prosperity, social inclusivity and environmental sustainability. Our vision is to transform Sarawak into a competitive economy by increasing productivity and position Sarawak as an attractive investment destination. This vision will provide a high living standard, healthy and inclusive society with affordable and innovative service delivery for everyone. We will direct our efforts towards poverty alleviation and, the social welfare programmes initiatives will provide for our people with all the supportive regulatory framework they need. The infrastructure developments that will give access to all social and economic hubs that gives our people connectivity to all their needs and provide every opportunity for their growth. The State’s utility development is one that strives to achieve 100% coverage, water and electricity supply. Every one of us will have equal opportunities to participate in the State’s development and enjoy the equal distribution of our state’s wealth. No one will be left behind.

Abang Johari Chief Minister of Sarawak

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Issue 54 I August 2021

We aim to increase the State’s timber and non-wood forest products export through the sustainable management of tropical forest and biodiversity conservation while enhancing the rapid growth of timber industry. Our Forest management practices and stewardship will focus on balancing rate of deforestation and growth, increasing product yield and enhancing services obtained from forests. This will include the establishment of 50 community-based ecotourism and conservation of Totally Protected Areas.


LEADERS

DIGEST

Our beloved Land of the Hornbill stretches along the island’s northwest coast, including many beaches by the South China Sea. We take pride in being well-known throughout the world for our rugged, dense rainforest and the restoration of our protected parkland. We aim to be a leading destination for eco-tourism and business events in ASEAN Region and these initiatives will increase the number of visitors by and generate of employment opportunities into the hospitality sector. This will be driven by the empowering our communities in all our heritage conservation, the culture, biodiversity and the promotion of investments and development of tourism products and assets.

Our state’s confluence of rivers and mountainous landscape make hydropower the best provider of renewable and affordable energy. Our aspiration for renewable energy are through hydrogen economy, 50MW Floating Solar, mini hydro projects and Electric Vehicles. We first embarked on the hydropower initiatives with the Batang Ai dam in 1985, followed by the commissioning of the Murum dam in 2014 and now on with Baleh dam project. Energy for running industries will be key to propelling Sarawak’s economy towards 2030 and beyond.

Sarawak’s digital transformation initiatives includes digitalisation of private sector economy through Big Data, Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain technologies. These efforts will be supported by digitalisation of public service delivery and infrastructure. We will build the digital economy ecosystem to attract new industries focusing on international standard data centres, digital content creation, boosting digital innovation and entrepreneurship for digital startups. We foresee the development of our R&D capabilities and commercial applications aligned to biotechnology, digital applications and renewable energy.

Environmental sustainability will always be an integral part of our state’s assurance for the current and future generations. Our commitment towards climate adaptation, various initiatives will be implemented such as to maintain more than 50% forest and tree cover. We will establish an integrated watershed management policy to conserve and protect water resources, increase urban green spaces and prioritize green mobility solutions that includes developing Electric Vehicle (EV) based public transport systems and expansion of renewable energy.

We aspire to optimise the development of human capital and the key initiatives include the formation of Human Capital Development Council and strengthening Sarawak Workforce Information System (SWIS) by identifying and closing the workforce demand-supply gap. We will develop 5 International Schools to cater for high achievers from rural constituencies whilst the establishment of the Science Centre will cultivate and increase interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). We will increase the TVET enrolment and, motivate more of our youngsters to venture into Science and Technology.

Social Inclusivity will be enhanced by narrowing urban and rural development gap through greater urban rural economic integration, capacity building and community participation. One of the initiatives include the 10-storey Unifor Complex that would sit on a 3.5-acre land. The whole design and structure would highlight the ‘Green Building Concept’. It would house a two-storey convention space, a banquet hall able to accommodate 1,000 guests, a partially-enclosed rooftop and also a commercial space.

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DIGEST

Bridging The Gap Between Agriculture And Food Security

The produce from our agriculture sector by the use of the latest technologies and the Internet of Things (IoT) will improve and strengthen the sector, particularly in the rural areas.

Abang Johari | 9 July 2019

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The objective of bringing farm machinery within the reach of farmers is to improve productivity. It goes beyond the use of machinery to reduce labor input because productivity and efficiency growth are also desired. As our State pivots towards a modern agriculture, wherein it becomes more knowledge intensive rather than labor intensive. Modernizing the agriculture sector in Sarawak will include exploiting sustainable agriculture development through technology, which the youth are more well versed in and we hope that the youth may find themselves more inclined to work in agriculture. Smart farming involves the integration of advanced technologies into farming practices in order to increase production efficiency and the quality of produce. Every aspect of farming can benefit from technological advancements.


LEADERS

DIGEST

IoT Smart Agriculture for Sarawak Let’s get serious in food production. Abang Johari | 22 November 2019

In an attempt to generate higher income for farmers, we have chosen to implement smart agriculture through the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. IoT is an innovative solution that helps rural farmers boost their operations in many ways It provides real time data that can reduce the risk of crop failure, increase crop yields, reduce fertilizer usage and water consumption, therefore decreasing production costs and increasing profitability and sustainable practices. With technology using the Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data, it can help farmers operate and maintain daily chores such as their irrigation equipment remotely, as well as help them monitor the moisture, growth and soil pressure levels automatic drip irrigation transports and drips water and nutrients to the intended root points of plants. When paired with analytical insights, optimal solutions can be reached. It prevents under or over application of inputs while enhancing yield growth building facilities to better control elements of farming like sunlight, humidity or more efficient watering systems for crops can lead to improved and higher crop yields. The Agricultural Entrepreneurs’ Development Programme offered by the Department of Agriculture (DOA) Sarawak intends to develop 200 potential young entrepreneurs in the State. DOA Sarawak also offers other sub programmes related to agropreneurship training and advisory services.

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We’re in this TOGETHER...

Economic prosperity | social inclusivity | environmental sustainability

RM282-billion

RM2.5-billion

Household income increase from

Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR)

economy growth size (8% annual increase)

BKSS Stimulus Package

RM5,000 to RM16,000

technologies to develop high value products and services.

RM16 MILLION

Low household income percentage

reduced to below 40%

for the implementation of the integrated hydrogen production plant and refueling station

RM62 MILLION for forest restoration

G R E E N

TECHNOLOGY

RM9.83-billion

Development of green technology and alternative renewable energy sources.

for economic recovery and sustainable growth

RM4.25-billion

MUKAH

rural areas projects and programmes Production plant and refueling station

HYDROGEN

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gI

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Rajang Port Authority

SIBU

UNIFOR

Kubah National Park

Bako National Park Kuching Waterfront

Kuching Port Authority

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Talang-Satang National Park

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Issue 54 I August 2021

SARIKEI

Lingga Waterfront

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B

Ba

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Lu

SRI AMAN Batang Ai National Park

D-Virtual Park

SERIAN The prime purpose and function of Development Bank of Sarawak Berhad (DBOS) is to finance strategic infrastructure projects, roads, bridges, water supply and electricity. DBOS will play a part in Sarawak developments.

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SAMARAHAN

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loh

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BETONG

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KUCHING

12

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ta

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Batang Ai Dam

Ulu Air Dam

Under the Sarawak Multimedia Authority (SMA)184 telecommunications towers have been completed since the rolled out as part of the state’s digital economy strategy initiatives. 116 telecommunication towers 300 telecommunication tower initiative are expected to be completed by the third quarter (3Q) of 2021.

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LEADERS

DIGEST

S A R AWA K PETROCHEMICAL PLANT

E N V I R O N M E N TA L S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y

The expansion of Bintulu’s downstream industrial sector, the preliminary construction activities began for the methanol plant project in September 2019 in Tanjung Kidurong, 15 km northeast of Bintulu. The plant’s site is part of 1,068 acres the state government acquired for development of its proposed Sarawak petrochemical hub (SPH).

LIMBANG

Miri Port Authority

t on

fr

er

at

W ri

Limbang Dam

Lambir Hills National Park

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Sabal Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) Center in Simunjan, Sarawak Tree Improvement Center in Sibu, Forest Research Station in Niah with new nurseries in Lawas & Bintawa. 10 million trees comprising 50 species have been planted.

Niah National Park Bintulu Port

Gunung Mulu National Park

Loagan Bunut National Park

Expansion of the implemantation of wired and wireles Internet services in Sarawak for everyone to benefir from digital connectivity.

MIRI

Samalaju Port Similajau National Park

Baram Dam

BINTULU g an

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Ba

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en

m

Ke

E N V I R O N M E N TA L S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y Belepeh Dam

Reduce Waste Generation, special attention to air quality and waste management. Provide access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public places including for persons with disabilities.

Bakun Dam

KAPIT

Murum Dam

Metjawah Dam Belaga Dam

Linau Dam Baleh Dam

Legends Pan Borneo Highway

The target industries are: Oil & gas, aluminum, steel, metal & glass, palm oil, aquaculture, timber, marine engineering, tourism, livestock, biotechnology and digital economy.

Sibu-Kapit Stretch Waterfront PETROS Petrol Kiosk

Telecommunication Tower

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DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY FOR SARAWAK TOURISM GLOBAL TRENDS AND TRANSFORMATION

Responsible tourism is all about making tourist destinations better places for people to live in and, for people to visit.

Abang Johari | May 29, 2021

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LEADERS

DIGEST

By 2030, Sarawak aims to be a leading destination for eco-tourism and business events in ASEAN Region. This is projected to be driven by the empowerment of our communities in the conservation of Sarawak’s heritage, culture and biodiversity that will promote investment and development our State. Local tourism products and assets will be developed, supported by various forms of infrastructural connectivity and capacity building. We will invest in the richness of the traditions in our Culture, Adventure, Nature, Food and Festivals. Together with the rest of the world we too will embrace trends and diversification of the world’s tourism ecosystem that include also health tourism, sport tourism, agrotourism and education tourism. These initiatives are expected to increase the number of visitors coming to Sarawak. In the future of our tourism activities we will see the inclusion of more of the local people, in decisions that affect their lives and life changes, helping in the making of positive contributions towards the conservation of Sarawak’s natural and cultural heritage. Our tourism industry should provide an enjoyable experience for tourists through meaningful connections with the locals, greater understanding of local culture, social and our environment. This INSPIRATION META SEARCH

BOOKING OTAs

PREPARATION trip organizer

will include engaging with potential visitors through Virtual Reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) applications. Interactive contents trigger potential visitors’ curiosity and encourage them to come to Sarawak. The digitalization within the tourism industry aspires to allow seamless travel experience for domestic and international tourists that include simple things such as street view of the major tourist attractions ins Sarawak such as the Sarawak Cultural Village, Fort Margherita and the Old Court House. We can make available for them 360-degree panoramic view of the Kuching Waterfront, Mulu National Part and the traditional long house. With digital technology many countries in the world are already planning and arranging tours, and various tourist related activities, and so will we. In all of our efforts, we must remember to provide access for people with disabilities and the disadvantaged. We will build and sew our tourism through local pride and confidence. With our people as the heart of Sarawak’s tourism, we can ensure the sustainability of the industry for years to come. Tourism is a key sector in driving Sarawak’s visibility and branding around the world.

AIRPORT

IN-FLIGHT

airport operators

airlines

ARRIVAL

DESTINATION

POST-TRIP

car rentals

hotel operators

social media

taxi

vacation rentals

reviews

low-cost Travel agent

taxi service providers

Payment

OEMs / service providers

tour

GDS

Source: World Economic Forum/Accenture Analysis

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GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY

Sarawak will continue to leverage on sustainable energy development to fulfil our aspiration to become the battery of Asean in powering sustainable growth in the region and this will also be the core principles for the drive to accelerated our state’s socio economic growth. The future of our energy supply is to emit less carbon into the atmosphere and to have a cleaner environment . We will continue our effort to produce green and clean energy as part of driving our economy forward.

Abang Johari | Nov 26,2019

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DIGEST

1

SARAWAK GREEN H ENERGY AGENDA Hydrogen 1.008

Sarawak launched its Green Energy Agenda with the official launch of South East Asia’s first Integrated Hydrogen Production Plant and Refueling Station in Kuching and the introduction of Sarawak’s first hydrogen powered vehicles in May 2019. The integrated hydrogen production plant and refueling station is believed to be the first of its kind in Southeast Asia The facility includes a plant built by Sarawak Energy that produces hydrogen through an electro chemical process called electrolysis, as well as a refueling station for Sarawak’s first hydrogen fuel cell electric buses under the ownership and management of Sarawak Economic Development Corporation (SEDC). Through the completed facility, Sarawak Energy is now able to explore hydrogen’s potential to be part of Sarawak’s energy mix as a fuel for the future for a green transportation system, as well as energy storage with export potential. The production plant is able to produce 130 kilogramme (kg) of hydrogen per day at a purity of 99. 999 per cent (five 9 s) and is capable of supporting and fully fueling up to five fuel cell buses and 10 fuel cell cars per day. Hydrogen has zero carbon emission with water and heat being its only by products when used in fuel cells for transportation.

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ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY “ Half of Sarawak’s population live in rural areas and many are dependent on the forest and its resources for their livelihood. Our Forest industry development has provided access and communication to the rural communities, especially those in the interior. It has been the backbone of Sarawak’s economy and contributes significantly to its socio-economic development as well as the well-being of our people. The State Government is committed to ensuring the balance between infrastructure or economic developments that safeguards forest resources, the environment surrounding it and everyone’s well-being.

Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Abang Johari Abang Openg. 18th Malaysian Forestry Conference 2018 “Advancing Sustainable Forestry”

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63%

LEADERS

DIGEST

OF SARAWAK COVERED IN FOREST

We want our forestry ecosystem and its industry to be globally recognised, particularly in the sustainable management of our tropical forest and biodiversity conservation, whilst we endeavour towards enhancing the growth of its resources such as the timber industry. In the interest of our State’s economic growth, we see the need to invest in ways that increases the industry’s product yield. These approaches to invest in our forestry resources will be implemented in ways that will provide economic opportunities for rural communities. Non-timber forest resources, which could contribute to their livelihoods and the State’s economy, such as eco-tourism, carbon credit and community-based forestry are some of the potentials that will be explored as alternative sources of income for the community and the state. Our forest management practices and stewardship will have to ensure that the focus is also given towards balancing the rate of deforestation, its long-term growth. Amongst the initiatives include, replanting of 200,000 hectares of degraded forest areas, implement Carbon Credits Programmes, establish bamboo plantation and develop bamboobased industry and certification of 4.5 million hectares of long-term forest licence area (natural forest) by 2022. We will execute the State’s plan for 178,000 hectares forest plantation by 2025 under Malaysian Timber Certification Scheme and Forest Stewardship Council. The State Government has also carefully taken the steps in reviewing the policies and ordinances that strives strengthen our forest management and wood-based industries, making it mandatory for all long-term forest timber licensees to obtain Forest Management Certification by 2022. This certification is the main requirement for buyers to ensure that timber and timber products come from sustainably managed forests. Sarawak, aims to stay abreast with the latest technologies in forest planning, monitoring and enforcement. We have embarked on information sharing through big data to enable better coordination within state agencies. Therefore, the sustainability of our forest and its resources are vital.

There’s a lot of potential in the forests. It does not even require the cutting of the trees.

CARBON TRADING

Abang Johari | Oct 19, 2020 Sarawak will take advantage of its mass forest area to diversify its revenue base by venturing into carbon credit trading. We must therefore spread the revenue base from its forests, apart from the royalties and taxes collected from logging operations. Parallel to the State’s focus to produce green technology, the state sees the opportunities to claim for carbon credits. If any project can produce less greenhouse gases than the current alternative, it will be eligible to claim for carbon credits. We have to upgrade our laws so that we are able to claim carbon credits and be known as a green state. The state government foresee the involvement of Strategic Partners is also needed to harness this new source of revenue and fund our Forest Landscape Restoration programmes. The State Government will find all means and collaborations to conduct activities related to the project such as ecosystem mapping, baseline emission studies, carbon stock assessments and soil condition analysis in order to determine the optimum methodologies for the restoration, conservation or enhancement of such area that will be agreed between the parties for the purpose of carbon trading, in a manner that satisfies the health, safety, environmental and financial requirements of the parties. We believe that Sarawak is indeed on the right track in our efforts to produce green technology that secures our environmental sustainability. Issue 54 I August 2021

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DIGEST

INCLUSIVITY

This year, our budget has been disbursed to solve water problems in the state and for the construction of roads, bridges and various projects to uplift particularly the rural peoples’ quality of life. The implementation of these projects would enable the people to enjoy better public amenities and infrastructures that would ultimately help to improve their standard of living because these projects create multiplier effects to the local economy, generating thousands of job opportunities for the local folks and boosting the construction and service sectors. Sarawak government will continue our mission to ensure all Sarawakians will have access to basic amenities and good infrastructure. No one will be left behind.

Abang Johari | Nov 10 2020

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LEADERS

DIGEST

CLEAN WATER, ROADS, CONNECTIVITY AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS CLEAN WATER

ELECTRICITY AND CLEAN ENERGY

Work to upgrade the capacity of water treatment plants in Sarawak such as those in Slabi and Salim will increase water capacity to meet the increasing needs of residents in the vicinity.

Sarawak is well on its way to achieve 97 per cent electricity coverage by 2020 with the RM2.37 billion special allocation in the State Budget 2019.

The Slabi WTP is scheduled to be completed in 2021 These upgrade wi ll incorporate safety and environmental features such as using salt electrolysis for disinfection and sludge treatments. These projects, will bring about ‘rippling benefits’ to the our communities living in the surrounding area by way of opening up new opportunities such as the setting up of factories or industries closely related to local produces.

ROADS AND BRIDGES The construction of roads and bridges throughout Sarawak is expected to reduce travelling time whilst giving our people in the coastal and rural areas more access to healthcare, income and business opportunities.

The total installed capacity of the 8 major power stations connected to the Sarawak Grid the network of extra high voltage transmission lines and substations that connect generating power plants to the distribution network that serve the towns and cities of Sarawak is 4640 MW. One such project is for sixteen villages in Lubok Antu will be connected to the Sarawak electricity grid to allow about 1,040 residents from 208 households in Lemanak and Engkari to enjoy 24- hour reliable supply by the end of 2021. Since 2009, about 150,000 rural households in the state have received electricity supply through various rural electrification strategies, such as grid system extension for rural areas with road accessibility and smaller stand-alone micro-hydro or solar power systems for the most remote areas.

Four bridges in Mukah across Batang Igan Batang Muara Lassa, Batang Paloh and Batang Rajang are expected to complete by 2025. The state government is also implementing the construction of alternative road routes that will link cities in Sarawak One of them is the Kuching to Sibu through a new alignment called the Second Trunk Road (STR) programme. This road will shorten the travel time to two and a half hours. In total there are 12 STR projects The construction of these bridges and roads are hoped to encourage and boost trade activities that raise the standard of living for everyone in the community.

Salim Water Treatment Plant

Batang Sadong Bridge

Rural Electrification Scheme (RES) in Lubok Antu

Slabi Water Treatment Plant

Pan Borneo Highway

Solar Generators in Miri

Issue 54 I August 2021

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LEADERS

DIGEST

Abang Johari

22

Issue 54 I August 2021


LEADERS

DIGEST

Chief Minister of Sarawak

Issue 54 I August 2021

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