Issuu on Google+




9LD5RPD‡&DPLJOLDWHOOR6LODQR &6 ,WDO\ WHOHID[‡FHOO ZZZVDSHULHVDSRULGLFDODEULDLW‡ODGHD#DOLFHLW





Farneta

Castroregio

Civita nale Parco Nazio Eianina del Pollino Frascineto S. Basile

Plataci

Lungo Firmo

Acquaformosa

Spezzano Albanese Vaccarizzo Albanese S. Demetrio S. Cosmo Albanese Corone Cervicati Macchia Mongrassano S. Giorgio Albanese Albanese Guardia S. Sofia Cavallerizzo Piemontese d’Epiro Cerzeto Ioggi

La di go Ta rsi

a

S. Caterina Albanese

Guardia Piem. Marina

S. Giacomo

S. Martino di Finita

S. Maria le Grotte

S. Benedetto Ullano Marri

Parco Nazionale della Sila Torremezzo di Falconara

Pallagorio

Carfizzi S. Nicola Dell’Alto

Falconara Albanese Parco Nazionale della Sila

Maida

Vena di Maida

Caraffa di Catanzaro

LEGENDA Okzitanische gemeinschaften Provinz Cosenza Italo-albanische gemeinschaften Provinz Cosenza

Villa S. Giovanni Gambarie

Parco Nazionale dell’Aspromonte

Italo-albanische gemeinschaften Provinz Crotone

Roccaforte Roghudi del Greco Gallicianò Bagaladi Staiti Brancaleone Amendolea S. Lorenzo Bova Condofuri Brancaleone Palizzi S. Carlo Marina

Capo dell’Armi

Melito di Porto Salvo



Condofuri Bova Marina Marina

Palizzi Marina

Capo Spartivento

Italo-albanische gemeinschaften Provinz Catanzaro Graekanische gemeinschaften Provinz Reggio Calabria


'

2N]LWDQHUYRQ.DODEULHQ

LHZDOGHQVLVFKH%HZHJXQJHQWVWHKWDOV9HUVXFKXPGLH.LUFKHDQ GLHHYDQJHOLVFKHQ,GHDOHQXQGDQGLH/HKUHYRQ-HVXVZLHGHU]X EULQJHQ 'LHVH *HPHLQVFKDIW ZDU  LQ /LRQH LQ )UDQNUHLFK JHJUQGHWYRQHLQHPUHLFKHQ+lQGOHU3LHWUR9DOGRGHUHLQHQ7HLOVHLQHU*XWKDEHQXPGLH +HLOLJHQ6FKULIWHQLQV9XOJlUVVSUDFKHEHUVHW]HQ]XODVVHQ'LH:DOGHQVHUEHJDQQHQLKU *ODXEHQEHNHQQWQLVLPJDQ]HQ6GIUDQNUHLFK]XSUHGLJHQPLWGHU$Q]HLJHGHV=HUIDOOHVGHU .LUFKHXQGLKUHU9HUGHUEWKHLWELVZHQQVLHDOV.HW]HULQGHP.RQ]LOYRQ9HURQDGHV YHUXUWHLOWZXUGHQGLH9HUXUWHLOXQJZLUGLQGHQYLHUWHQ/DWHUDQ.RQ]LOGHVHQGJOWLJ 1DFKGHP.LUFKHQEDQQYHUEUHLWHWHQGLH:DOGHQVHULQ1RUGLWDOLHQXQGYRQGRUWHUVWUHFNWH WHQVLHVLFKLQgVWHUUHLFKXQGLQ'HXWVFKODQG,Q.DODEULHQNRPPHQLQGHQ-DKUKXQGHUW DQXQGQLFKWZHJHQUHOLJL|VH9HUIROJHUXQJHQ6LHVLHGHOWHQVLFKLQGHP&UDWLWDOLQ6DQ6LVWR Q|UGOLFKYRQ&RVHQ]DXQGLQ*XDUGLDDQGHUW\UUHQLVFKHQ.VWH,QGHQ-DKUKXQGHUW NDPHQGLH:DOGHQVHUGHU3URWHVWDQW5HIRUPDWLRQQDFKXQGEWHQLKUH5HOLJLRQRIIHQDXFK LQ.DODEULHQ,Q6DQ6LVWRGHL9DOGHVLGHUHLQ9RURUWYRQ6DQ9LQFHQ]R/D&RVWDLVWEOHLEHQ EHGHXWXQJVYROOHZDOGHQVLVFKH6SXUHQGLHGLH%UJHUPLW6WRO]JHOWHQGPDFKHQ,Q*XDUGLD 3LHPRQWHVHEOHLEHQQRFKGHU*HEUDXFKGLH6LWWHQXQGGLH6SUDFKHLOJXDUGLRORGHUHLQH)RUP YRQDOSLQHP2N]LWDQLVFKLVWLQ,WDOLHQDOV3URYHQ]DOLVFKEHNDQQW6HLWHLQLJHQ-DKUHQKDEHQ VLFKGLHNXOWXUHOOHQ9HUELQGXQJHQXQGGHUNXOWXUHOOH$XVWDXVFKPLWGHP3LHPRQWHYHUVWlUNW

*XDUGL *XD UGL G D3 D 3LHP LH RQ RQW Q HHVH VH &6   & &6  6 %DV %DVVUH UHO HOOLH LHI HIIGH GHV% GH GHV% V %LOG %LLOG O KDX KD HUVV*L KD *LLXVH * XVHHSSH SSSH7D 7 UDQ 7DUDQ 7D UDQWLQ WLQRR WLQ




*8$5',$3,(0217(6(‡/$*­5',$

'

HU DOWH 'RUI HUKHEW VLFK LQ HLQHU KRKHQ /DJHPEHUGHP0HHUHVVSLHJHOEHU GHU ZXQGHUEDUHQ W\UUHQLVFKHQ DXV &RVHQ]D VWDPPHQGHQ .VWH EHNDQQW DOV 5LYLHUD GHU =LWURQDWElXPH*XDUGLD3LHPRQWHVH/D*jUGLD LQ RN]LWDQLVFKHU 6SUDFKH VFKRQ EHNDQQW PLW GHP 1DPH YRQ &DVDOH GL )XVFDOGR GDQQ *XDUGLD )LVFDOGD XQG LQ GHU )ROJH *XDUGLD /RPEDUGD QXU QHXOLFK KDW VLFK GLH DNWXHOOH %H]HLFKQXQJYRQ*XDUGLD3LHPRQWHVHJHQRP PHQ'DV$GMHNWLY´SLHPRQWHVHµVWDPPWDXV GHUZDOGHQVLFKHQ+HUNXQIWGLHVHU%HY|ONHUXQJ :LU ZLVVHQ ZHGHU ZDQQ GLH :DOGHQVHU QDFK .DODEULHQ DQNDPHQ QRFK JHQDX GLH *UQGH 1DFK HLQLJHQ *HKOHKUWHQ NDPHQ VLH XP GHQ  -DKUKXQGHUW XP GHQ 9HUIROJXQJHQ LQ GHQ SLHPRQWHVLVFKHQ 7lOHUQ ]X HQWULQQHQ QDFK DQGHUHQ XQG GDV LVW GLH JODXEZUGLJ VWH $QQDKPH LKUH $QNXQIW LVW LQ GHU HUVWHQ +lOIWHGHV-DKUKXQGHUWV]XGDWLHUHQZHJHQ GHU YHUXUVDFKWHQ YRQ GHU hEHUEHY|ONHUXQJ LQ GHQ 7lOHUQ $UEHLWVORVLJNHLW ,Q .DODEULHQ IDQGHQ GLH :DOGHQVHU VHKU IUXFKWEDUH /lQGHU UHLFK DQ +JHOQ XQG (EHQHQ PLW MHGHU$UWYRQ2EVWElXPHQZLH1XVVElXPHQ .DVWDQLHQ2OLYHQElXPHQ0HODQJROHQElXPHQ =LWURQDWElXPHQXQGYRQ%|GHQGLHMHGHDUW YRQ6DDWHQHQWKDOWHQN|QQHQ'LH(LQZRKQHU

*XDUGLD3LHPRQWHVH &6 .LUFKH *XD KH6DQW¶$QGUHD$SRVWROR

*XDDUGL *XDUGL GLLD3 3LH LHP HPRRQW RQQW Q HVH HVH &  & &6  6 $OW $OWVWD VWDGW GW

YRQ*XDUGLDOHEWHQRKQH.lPSIHPLWGHQ|UW OLFKHQNDWKROLVFKHQ*HPHLQVFKDIWHQIUXQJH IlKU GUHL -DKUKXQGHUWH 1DFK LKUHP %HLWULWW ]X GHU 3URWHVWDQW 5HIRUPDWLRQ EHVFKOR‰ GHU .DUGLQDO0LFKHOH*KLVOLHUL ]XNQIWLJHU3DSVW 3LR9 GDVVGLH:DOGHQVHUYRQ3LHPRQWXQG GLHVHDXV.DODEULHQYHUQLFKWHWZHUGHQ%OHLEHQ DOV=HXJQLVGLHVHU7UDJ|GLHGDV7UGHV%OXWHV JHVDJWXQGGLH]DKOUHLFKHQ1DPHQGHU6WUDVVHQ GLH DQ GLH EOXWLJHQ KLVWRULVFKHQ 7DWHQ HULQ QHUQ $XVVHU *XDUGLD 3LHPRQWHVH VLHGHOWHQ VLFK GLH :DOGHQVHU LQ DQGHUHQ gUWHQ GHU MHW ]LJHQ 3URYLQ] YRQ &RVHQ]D DQ XQWHQ GHQHQ HULQQHQZLU0RQWDOWR8IIXJR9DFFDUL]]R6DQ 9LQFHQ]R /D &RVWD H 6DQ 6LVWR GHL 9DOGHVL 8QWHQ DOOHQ GLHVHQ *HPHLQGHQ LVW *XDUGLD 3LHPRQWHVHGHU]HLWXQGVHLWHLQHUVHKUODQJHQ =HLW GLH HLQ]LJH *HPHLQGH LQ GHU VLFK GLH DOWH RN]LWDQLVFKH 6SUDFKH HUKDOWHQ KDW 'LH .OHLQVWDGWEHKHUEHUJWGLH´/XLJLDQH7KHUPHQµ LQVHLQHP*HELHWEHNDQQWVHLWGHP$OWHUWXP XQGJHEUDXFKWVFKRQYRQGHQ5|PHUQ






6DQWD 6DQ WD6RI WD WD 6RILD 6RI LDG¶( LD LD G¶( G¶(SLU ¶(SLU SLUR R &6 R &6

 9RO 9RONVJ NVJJUXS U SSH SH9DO SH SH 9D 9DO DOOMD DO OMD D


6

$OEDQHUYRQ.DODEULHQ

HLWPHKUDOVIQI-DKUKXQGHUWHQVLQGGLH,WDOR$OEDQHURGHUDUEsUHVKsLQ ,WDOLHQHLQJHVHW]WXQGKDEHQYRQLKUHUDOWHQ+HLPDWPLWJHEUDFKWGLH6LW WHQGLH*HEUlXFKHGLH7UDGLWLRQHQGLHHSLVFKH'LFKWXQJGLH)RONORUH XQG GHQ JULHFKLVFKE\]DQWLQLVFKHQ 5LWXV GHU DEHU  QLFKW DOOH GLH *HPHLQVFKDIWHQ DXIEHZDKUW KDEHQ6HLWGHU]ZHLWHQ+lOIWHGHV-DKUKXQGHUWVELVGLH]ZHLWH+lOIWHGHVIDQGHQVLHEHQ $XVZDQGHUXQJVZHOOHJHJHQ6GLWDOLHQVWDWWGLHHUVWHQ]ZHLZDUHQ0LOLWlUDUWZHLOGLHDOEDQLVFKHQ 6ROGDWHQYRQGHQ$UDJRQLHUXP+LOIHJHUXIHQZDUHQXPGDVHLJHQH+HHUHLP.ULHJJHJHQGLH $QJLRLQHU]XYHUVWlUNHQ$EHUGLHJU|‰WH$XVZDQGHUXQJHUHLJQHWHQDFKGHU,QYDVLRQ$OEDQLHQV YRQGHPWUNLVFKHQ+HHUXQGGHUIROJHQGH7RGGHV1DWLRQDOKHOG*LRUJLR&DVWULRWD6NDQGHUEHJ DP-DQXDU 6NDQGHUEHJZDUDOV6\PEROGHUEUJHUOLFKHQXQGUHOLJL|VHQ)UHLKHLWGHV VWRO]HQDOEDQLVFKHQ9RONVHUKHEWQDFKGHPHUODQJH-DKUHLQGHQ%DONDQHQJHNlPSIWKDWXP VHLQH+HLPDWXQGGDVJDQ]HFKULVWOLFKH$EHQGODQG]XEHVFKW]HQYRQGHPUHOLJL|VHQXQGSROL WLVFKHQ*HIDKUDXVEWYRQGHQWUNLVFKHQ$XVGHKQXQJV]LHOHQ'LHKLVWRULVFKHLWDORDOEDQLVFKHQ *HPHLQVFKDIWHQDXIHUOHJWLQYHUVFKLHGHQHQJHRJUDSKLVFKHQ*HELHWHQELOGHQGLH$UEsULDDOWHQ 1DPH$OEDQLHQVPLWGHUJOHLFKHQ:XU]HOGHV6WDPPHVQDPHDUEsUHVKsGHUGLH$OEDQHUYRQ,WDOL HQNHQQ]HLFKHW'LHPHLVWH$EZHVHQKHLWGHU,WDOR$OEDQHULVWLQ.DODEULHQPLW*HPHLQVFKDI WHQLQ3URYLQ]&RVHQ]DGHUHQ*HPHLQGHQXQG9RU|UWH$FTXDIRUPRVD&DQWLQHOOD9RURUW LP*HPHLQGHYRQ&RULJOLDQR&DODEUR&DVWURUHJLRXQGGHU9RURUW)DUQHWD&HUYLFDWL&HU]HWRXQG GLH9RU|UWH6DQ*LDFRPRXQG&DYDOOHUL]]R&LYLWD)DOFRQDUD$OEDQHVH)LUPR)UDVFLQHWRXQGGHU 9RURUW(MDQLQD/XQJUR0RQJUDVVDQR3ODWDFL6DQ%DVLOH6DQ%HQHGHWWR8OODQRXQGGHU9RURUW 0DUUL6DQ&RVPR$OEDQHVH6DQ'HPHWULR&RURQHXQGGLH9RURUW0DFFKLD6DQ*LRUJLR$OED QHVH6DQ0DUWLQRGL)LQLWD6DQWD&DWHULQD$OEDQHVH6DQWD6RILDG·(SLUR6SH]]DQR$OEDQHVH 9DFFDUL]]R$OEDQHVH$XFKLQGHP+DXSWRUWLVWGLH$EZHVHQKHLWYRQ,WDOR$OEDQHU]DKOUHLFKXQG VLHEHILQGHQVLFKLQGHU.LUFKH666DOYDWRUH'UHL*HPHLQGHLQGHU3URYLQ]YRQ&URWRQH&DUIL]]L 3DOODJRULR6DQ1LFRODGHOO·$OWR=ZHLLQGLHVHUYRQ&DWDQ]DUR&DUDIIDGL&DWDQ]DURXQG9HQDGL 0DLGD9RURUWLP*HPHLQGHYRQ0DLGD,QGHU3URYLQ]YRQ&DWDQ]DURKDEHQDQGHUH*HPHLQ VFKDIWHQDXFKZHQQVLHXPGLH+lOIWHGHV-DKUKXQGHUWVHLQHHUVWH:LHGHUEHY|ONHUXQJGHU DOEDQLVFKHQ6ROGDWHQPLWGHQEHWUHIIHQGHQ)DPLOLHQJHKDEWKDEHQKDEHQVLHPLWGHU=HLWGLH6LW WHQGLH*HEUlXFKHXQGGLH6SUDFKHGHUDOWHQ9lWHUYHUORUHQZLUHULQQHUQDQGLH1DPHQ$QGDOL *L]]HULD0DUFHGXVD=DQJDURQD9RURUWGHUMHW]LJHQ*HPHLQGHYRQ/DPH]LD7HUPH

6DQWD 6DQ WD6RI WD 6RI 6 RILD LD D G ( (SSLU SLLLUR R & R R &6 &6

&6 6

6 .DSHOOH6 6DQ D µ$ DQW µ$W $WDQDVLR DQDVL DQD VLRRLO LO*U *UDQG *U DQQGGH




$FTXDI $F $FT DDIIRU RUUP RUP PRVD R  &  &6  6 6  0RV RVVDLN DLNLQGH DL LQ LQ QGH GGH GHUU. . .LUF LUFKH LUF KKH HH66D 6DQ D *L DQ * *LRYD *L RYYDQQ QQL QL%D % WWL %D W VWD WD D

$FT FT TXD XDIIRUP XDIRUP RUPRVD PRVD RVD V   & &6  6

 6 

+| ]HUUQHV +|O QHHV HV7R HV7R 7RUG 7 7RUG U GHU HU U.LUUFKH U FKH6D 6DQ* Q* *LRYDQQ LRYYDQQ QQQL% L%DDWW WWWLVWWD

=86(+(1 'LH hEHUUHVWH GHU =LVWHU]LHQ]HUDEWHL 6DQ WD0DULDGHO/HXFLRJUQGHWDXIHL QHP 9RUEDX GDV +HLOLJWXP 6DQWD 0DULD GHO0RQWHPEHU0HHUHVVSLHJHOHU ULFKWHWLP-DKUKXQGHUWHLQH.LUFKHLP UHLQHQJRWLVFKHQ6WLO'LH.LUFKH6DQ*LR YDQQL %DWWLVWD PLW JULHFKLVFKE\]DQWLQL VFKHP5LWXVZXUGHYRQDOEDQLVFKHQ )DPLOLHQJHJUQGHWVLHKDWGDVXUVSQJOL FKH3RUWDOXQGGLHKRO]HUQH7UPLWGXUFK 6FKQLW]HQGHNRULHUWHQ0XVFKHOVFKDOHQPLW P\WLVFKHQ *HVWDOWHQ YRQ 6LUHQHQ JHIO JHOWHQ *lQVHJHLHUQ ]ZHLN|SILJHQ $GHUQ *HZ|OEWH =LHUPXVWHU 6\PEROHQ VNLSHWD UL,QZHQGLJEHILQGHQZLU]ZHL:HUNHGHU VLHQHVLVFKH 0DUFR 3LQR   'LH .LUFKH GHV 8QEHIOHNWHQ (PSIlQJQLV JH EDXW]ZLVFKHQGHP(QGHGHVXQGGHP %HJLQQ GHU  -DKUKXQGHUWV GLH .LUFKH



6DQWD 0DULD 6FDOD &RHOL LVW HLQ .ORVWHU NRPSOH[JHJUQGHWYRQGHQ=LVWHU]L HQVHUQDXIHLQHP9RUEDX'LH.LUFKH6DQ WD 0DULD GHOOD 0LVHULFRUGLRVD LVW GLH QHX VWH .LUFKH YRQ $FTXDIRUPRVD LQZHQGLJ EHILQGHQ ZLU GLH ,NRQH GHV 7KHRWRNRV 'DV %LOG LVW GLH .RSLH HLQHU DXI 0RQWH $WKRV EHZDKUWHQ ,NRQH 'LH ,NRQH ZXUGH  LQ *ULHFKHQODQG DXVJHIKUW YRQ )DWLPD 3DXOD HLQHU 0DOHULQ GHV %\]DQWLQLVFKHQ 0XVHXPVYRQ$WHQHYHUNOHLGHWPLW6LOYHU YRP EHNDQQWHQ *ROGVFKPLHG &RVWDSXORV VHLQHP /DQGVPDQQ 'LH ,NRQH GDUVWHOOW GLH%UHSKRFUDWRVD´:HUKlOWHWHLQ.LQGLP $UPµGLH.LUFKH2UDWRULXPGHVGUHL]HKQ WHQ-DKUKXQGHUWVYRQ6DQ/HRQDUGRGL6DV VRQH]DKOUHLFKH0XUDOHVGLHGLH'RUIVWUDV VHQVFKPFNHQGDVDUFKHRORJLVFKH*HELHW GDV YRQ GHQ 5XLQHQ HLQHU 5|PHUYLOOD GHV .DLVHUDOWHUVJHELOGHWLVW


)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡ 'DV .DUQLYDO ZLUG PLW VSRQWDQHQ *UXS SHQJHIHLHUWGLHGXUFKGLH+lXVHUGHV'RUIHV KHUXPJHKHQVLQJHQXQGWDQ]HQ ‡,QGHU)DVWHQ]HLWVLQJWPDQGLHNDOLPHUHW GUDPDWLVLHUWH9RONVOLHGHUGLHGHU3DVVLRQYRQ &KULVXVJHGHQNHQ ‡)HVWGHU+HLOLJHP)UDQFHVFRYRQ3DRODDP HUVWHQ 6RQQWDJ QDFK 2VWHUQ $P 6DPVWDJ ]QGHQVLHVLFKGLH)UHXGHQIHXHUXQVPLWGHQ *LQVWHULQLQGHQ6WDGWYLHUWHOXQGGHU$EHQG ZLUGPLWWUDGLWLRQHOOHQ*HVlQJHQHUIUHXW ‡ /H YDOOHW DP HUVWHQ 6RQQWDJ YRQ -XOL OD YDOOMD5HLJHQRGHU7DQ]PLWGHUWUDGLWLRQHO OHQDUEsUHVKs7UDFKWXQGPLW*HVlQJHQGLH GHQ 6LHJ YRQ 6NDQGHUEHJ EHU GLH 7UNHQ SUHLVHQ ‡)HVWYRQ6DQWD0DULDGHO0RQWHDP OHW]WHQ 6RQQWDJ YRQ -XOL :DOOIDKUW QDFK GHP K|FKVWHQ +HLOLJWXP YRQ .DODEULHQ PEHUGHP0HHUVVSLHJHOJHZLGPHW DQ6DQWD0DULDGHO0RQWH ‡)HVWGHV6FKXW]SDWURQV6DQ*LRYDQQL %DWWLVWDDP$XJXVW

75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 'LH =JH GHU WUDGLWLRQHOOHQ )UDXHQWUDFKW YRQ $FTXDIRUPRVD VLQG OD OLQMsD HLQH ODQJH ELV XQWHQ GHQ .QLHQ ZHLVVH %OXVH DXV %DXPZROOH LO PXOOHWL EHVRQGHUH JH KlFNHOWH6SLW]HYLHU)LQJHUEUHLWTLNsTLNs GHU VXWDYHVWsD GHU 8QWHUURFN GHU PDQ ]ZHLLQGHU+RFK]HLWVWUDFKWDQ]LHKWHLQHU DXV ZHLVVHP %DXPYROO JHVWLFNW DP 5DQG XQG GHU DQGHUH YRQ HLQHU ]DUWHQ )DUEH GLHVXWDQLQL8QWHUU|FNHGLHLQGHU7UDFKW YRQKDOEHP)HVWLQ]ZHL6WFNHDQJH]RJHQ ZHUGHQ HLQHU DXV ZHLVVHU %DXPZROOH JH VWLFNWDP5DQG XQJHIlKU]ZHL6SDQQHQ  PLW3ODWWVWLFKWXQG6FKLW]HQGHQDQGHUHQ DXVKHOOHU%DXPZROOH KHOOEODXJUQKHOO JHOE RKQH6WLFNDUEHLWXQG$XIQlKDUEHLW 0DQ NDQQ DXFK GHQ PLW %OPFKHQ RGHU GHQ NDUULHUWHQ 8QWHUURFN EUDXFKHQ GHU NDPL]ROOsD HLQ 5RFN DXV $WODV PLW URWHU

$FTXDI $FT XDIRUP R RVD R  & &6  6 0lG 0lG GFK FKH K Q QLLQQ Q) )HVW ) HVWWUD UDFKW FKW KW

XQGIX[LD6HLGHPLWGHPDXVZHLVVHP*ROG YHUEUlPWHQ5DQGRGHU6WUHLIHQYRQVLOEHU QHU7UHVVHGDV[KLSXQLEODXHV-DFNHWWDXV JOlQ]HQGHP6WRIIOODPDGKRU ULVSOHQGHQWH  PLW*ROGJHVWLFNWRGHUDXVVFKZDU]HP$W ODV KDQGJHVWLFNW PLW ZHLVVHP )DGHQ DXV %DXPZROOH LO NUDKsW HLQ 5RFNWUlJHU GH NRULHUWPLW7UHVVHQGHUFRKsDHLQEODXHU SOLVVLHUWHUXQGPLWHLQHPJURVVHQJROGLJHQ 7UHVVH GHNRULHUWHU 5RFN 'HU SDQLL HLQ IX[LD RGHU URWHU 6FKDO DXV $WODV LQ 6HLGH RGHUDXVIULVFKHU:ROOHKDQGJHVWLFNWPLW 3ODWWVWLFK JHOE XQG VFKZDU] PLW ODQJHQ )UDQVHQ WKHNWsW GHU SHWLQL HLQ JHVWLFN WHU %UXVWODW] LO NH]sD HLQ 'LDGHP RGHU +HLUDWVNRSIEHGHFNXQJ DXV 6HLGH JHVWLFNW PLW VLOEHUQHQ )lGHQ GLH NDOOFLHWsW ZHL‰H 6WUPSIH DXV 3HUOHQIDGHQ GLH NsSXFsW 6FKXKHDXVGHPJOHLFKHQ6WRIIGHV[KLSXQ LRGHU6FKZDU]PLWKDOEHP$EVDW]




75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 'LH7HLOHGHUWUDGLWLRQHOOHQ)UDXHQWUDFKW VLQG GLH OLQMsD HLQH ZHL‰H %OXVH DXV %DXPZROOH SLOKXUs  PLW 'HFROWp PLW SOLVVLHUWHQ 9RODQV OD VXWDQLHOL GHU DXV /HLQHQRGHU%DXPZROOHELVDQGHQ)X‰ JHOHQNHQODQJH8QWHUURFNGDVWXTLOLHLQ 4XDGUDWDXVZHLVVHQ6WRIIJHEUDXFKWXP GHQ%XVHQ]XGHFNHQGHUNDPL]ROOsDHLQ ELVDQGHQ)X‰JHOHQNHQODQJH8QWHUURFN DXV$WODVLQ6HLGHQPLWGLFKWHQJHVWUHLI WHQ )DOWHQ PLW GHP PLW JROGHQHQ 7UHV VHQYHUVHKHQHQ8QWHUUDQGGHUFRKsDHLQ JOlQ]HQGHU EODXHU hEHUURFN LPPHU DXV $WODVPLW8QWHUUDQGPLWJROGHQHQ7UHV VHQJHWUDJHQDXIGHUNDPL]ROOsDVLHZLUG YRUQH KRFKJHKREHQ JHWUDJHQ IHVWJHVHW]W DXI GHQ +IWHQ GLH VNROsD HLQ 6WUHLIHQ DXV$WODVJHVWLFNWPLWJROGQHQ)DGHQGLH ´.UDYDWWHµZLUGPLWHLQHUDXIIlOOLJHQJRO GHQHQ%URVFKHJHVSHUUWGDV[KLSXQLHLQ NXU]HV YLROHW KHOOEODX SXUSXUIDUELJHV DQOLHJHQGHV 0LHGHU DXV 6HLGHQ PLW GHQ JHVWLFNWHQ XQG PLW 7UHVVHQ YHUVHKHQHQ bUPHOQ UXQGKHUXP FKDUDNWHULVLHUW YRQ GHU (LQIJXQJ LQ GHQ 6FKXVVIDGHQ YRQ GLFKWHQ XQG GQQHQ *ROGHQIlGHQ GDV YDQGHUsDHLQPLW7UHVVHQYHUVHKHQHV4XD GUDWDXV$WODVGDVVLFKXPGLH7DLOOHYHU ELQGHWGHUVTHSLHLQPLW*ROGHQ6LOEHUQ IDGHQJHVWLFNWHU6FKOHLHUGDVVNDPDQGLOL HLQ7DVFKHQWXFKGDVSDQLHLQ6FKXOWHU WXFKDXV:ROOHRGHU$WODVLQ6HLGHQGDV GLH6FKXOWHUGHFNWGDVNH]DHLQ'LDGHP JHVHW]WDXIGHP.RSIGHU)UDXHQXPGLH +DDUH]XKDOWHQXQG]XVFKPFNHQ & YLWD &L &LY YLWD LWWDD & LW  &  &6 & 6  6

 7UDDGLW GLWWLRQ RQQHOOH7 HOOH7UDF 7UDF UD KW




$OEDQ EDQ DQHVH DQ HVH & HVH VVHH & & &6  6

 6

0RQ 0RRQQRROL 0RQ 0R ROOOLLWWLV WLVFK FKH KHVL V LO& O &DVW O&DVW D WHOO WHO HOO OOOXFF F LR R )DOFRQDUD$O


)$/&21$5$$/%$1(6(‡)$//.81$5Ê

(

LQ'RUIGHV6GW\UUKHQLVFKHQ0HHUVYRQ &RVHQ]D HUZlKQW YRQ GHP +LVWRULNHU *LRYDQ%DWWLVWD0RVFDWRYRQ6DQ/XFLGRLQ VHLQHU ´5LYLVWD &DODEUHVHµ 0RVFDWR HU]lKOW GDVV GDV 'RUI  YRQ VLHEHQ LQ .DODEULHQ DQJHNRPPHQHQ DOEDQLVFKHQ )DPLOLHQ EHVLH GHOWZDUDOV(OHQD6FKZHVWHUYRQ*LRYDQQL &DVWULRWD GHV+HUUVFKHUVYRQ$OEDQLHQ XQG 7RFKWHU YRQ *LRUJLR &DVWULRWD 6NDQGHUEHJ KHLUDWHWHGHQ3ULQ]HQYRQ%LVLJQDQR6ROOD]]L 'LH /HJHQGH HU]lKOW GDVV GHU 0XWWHUJRWWHV GHV *XWHQ 5DWHV GLHVHQ VLHEHQ )DPLOLHQ LQ GHU 1DFKW GHV  $SULO GHV  HUVFKLHQ HUPDKQHQG VLH GLH YRQ GHQ 7UNHQ HLQJH QRPPHQH+HLPDW]XYHUODVVHQXQGVLFKHLQ ]XVFKLIIHQXPHLQUXKLJHUHV/DQG]XVXFKHQ 'LH$OEDQHUGLHPLW(OHQD]XVDPPHQZDUHQ KDOWHQVLHVLFKHUVWHQVLQGHP2UW6DQ3LHWUR ZDKUVFKHLQOLFK/HKQGHU$EWHLDXIGHU.VWH ]ZLVFKHQ 6DQ /XFLGR XQG )LXPHIUHGGR %UX]LR GDQQ QDFK GHQ VWlQGLJHQ $QJULIIHQ GHU 7UNHQ ]RJHQ VLH LQ GHQ %HUJHQ ZHJ 'DV'RUIZDKUVFKHLQOLFKZXUGHEHVLH GHOWXQGQDKPGLHMHW]LJH%H]HLFKQXQJ

)DOFRQDUD )DO FR FRQ RQDDUD UD$O $OEEDQ $ DQ QHHVH HVVH & & &6  6

$OW $OWVWD OWVWD VWDGW

)DOFRQ )D )DO QDUD$O DUDD$O $OEDQ $O EDQ EDQHVH QHHVHH & & &6  6  6

.LU .LLUUFKH .LU K 6DQ0 6D 6 QQ0 6D 0LFK L KHOH LF HOHH$U HO HOH $UFD $U FDQ FDQ QJHO J OR

)DDOFRQ )DO FRQDUD FR DUD UD$O UD$O $ $OEDQ $OEDQ EDQHHVH &6 .LU L FKH KH%XRQ&RQ &RQ RQQVLJ LJOLR LJOLR

DQDP$QIDQJKLH‰QlKPOLFKQXU)DOFRQDUD 'HU 1DPH SUlH[LVWLHUW XQG ZLU VFKOLH‰HQ HV YRQ HLQHP 'RNXPHQW GHV  NRPPHQG DXV 'HXWVFKODQG LQ GHP HV KDQGHOW YRQ HLQHU GHQ 3DSVW YRQ )HGHULFR ,, JHZlKUWHQ (KUH EHWUHIIHQG GLH .LUFKH GHV *HELHWV YRQ &RVHQ]D 0DUDILRWL HU]lKOW LQ VHLQHP :HUN &URQLFKH HW DQWLFKLWj GL &DODEULD GDVV XQWHQ GHQ:HLOHUQYRQ5HQGHHUVFKLHQHQ/RQJRYDGR H)DOFXQDULDDOVREHVWlWLJWHUGDVV)DOFRQDUD XUVSUQJOLFKHLQ:HLOHUZDU,Q)DOFRQDUDLVW GHU JULHFKLVFKH 5LWXV  QDFK XQJHIlKU GUHL -DKUKXQGHUWHQ ZLHGHUKHUJHVWHOOW ZRU GHQ YRUEHLNRPPHQG YRQ GHU 'L|]HVH YRQ &RVHQ]D]XU(SDUFKLHYRQ/XQJUR






)UDVFL )UD V QHWR &6  9RO VF R NVJJUXSSH7s%LO LOWs s H6KTL TLSRQ SRQMsV MsV Ms sV


)5$6&,1(72‡)5$61,7Ê

1

DFKGHP7RGGHVJURVVHQ1DWLRQDOKHOGHQ *LRUJLR &DVWULRWD EHNDQQW DOV 6NDQGHUEHJXPGLH+HUUVFKDIWHQGHU7UNHQ ]X HQWNRPPHQ HPLJULHUWHQ YLHOH DOEDQHVL VFKHQ)DPLOLHQQDFK6GLWDOLHQJHJHQ   XP :LOOHQ GHV $EWHV GHV JULHFKL VFKHQ .ORVWHUV 6DQ 3LHWUR ZXUGHQ HLQLJH /lQGHU GHU $EWHL DQ *UXSSHQ GHU $OEDQHU DXVJHWHLOW VLH VLHGHOWHQ LP *HELHW GHU MHW]L JHQ)UDVFLQHWRVFKRQ&DVDO6DQ3LHWURHLQHU .OHLQVWDGW GLH VLFK DXI HLQHU ZHLWHQ YRQ GHU $XWREDKQ $ GXUFKJHTXHUWHQ (EHQH HUVWUHFNW:DKUVFKHLQOLFKYRUGHU$QNXQIWGHU $OEDQHU HQWVWDQG VFKRQ HLQ 'RUI GDQQ ]HU VW|UWZlKUHQGGHU.ULHJH]ZLVFKHQ$UDJRQHU XQG$QJLRLQHU'LHVH1DFKULFKWHQODVVHQXQV YHUPXWHQ GDVV GLH $OEDQHU GHQ :HLOHU PLW GHQ EHUOHEHQGHQ /DWLQHU ZLHGHUEHVLHGHOW KDEHQ XQG EHVWlWLJW HLQH VROFKH +\SRWKHVH LP'RUIHLQ6WDGWYLHUWHOGHU/DWLQHUNDOsWLUHW GDV ZDKUVFKHLQOLFK GHQ YRQ GHQ /DWLQHUQ EHVHW]WHQ 2UW ]HLJW ,P  -DKUKXQGHUW VWHLJHUWHGDV'RUIPLWGHP$QNRPPHQDQGH UHU *UXSSHQ $OEDQHU NRPPHQG DXV &DVDOH GHO 0RQWH KHXWH 0RQWH GL &DVVDQR HLQH 6WUDVVHVGOLFKYRQ)UDVFLQHWR GDV'RUIHQW ZLFNHOWH XQG QDKP GHQ 1DPH &DVDOQXRYR GHO GXFD LQ =XVWlQGLJNHLW GHU +HU]RJHQ 6SLQHOOL YRQ &DVWURYLOODUL  QDKP GHQ

)UDDVF )UD )U VVFL FLQHW LQHW QHWRR &6

QH &6

6  .LUFKH .LUFKH .LU FK KHH6 6DDQW DQWD0 D 0DULD$ DULLD$ D $VVX VVX V QW QWD D

)UDVFL VFLQHW LQHWRR &6

&6  3DQRUDPDDXVVLFKW

1DPH YRQ )UDVFLQHWR PLW GHU 8QLRQ ]ZHLHU :HLOHU DQ :lKUHQG GHU JOHLFKH =HLW KDEHQ ZLU GLH :LHGHUEHY|ONHUXQJ YRQ (LDQLQD 3XUoLOO HLQHP 2UWVWHLO YRQ )UDVFLQHWR YRP DOWHP 2UWVQDPH 3RUWLFLOOL GDQQ JHlQGHUW LQ 3HUFLOHXQGVFKOLHVVOLFK3RUFLOHZLHPDQIROJHUW DXFKGHQ]DKOUHLFKHQ8UNXQGHQQDKP GDV 2UWVWHLO GHQ 1DPH (LDQLQD DQ YRP 1DPH GHV )OX‰HV (MDQRGHU VG|VWOLFK YRQ GHU2UWVFKDIWHQWVSULQJ

=86(+(1 'LH *HPHLQGHPXVHHQ GHU $UEsUHVKs 7UDFKWXQGGHU,NRQHQXQGGHU%\]DQWLQL VFKHQ7UDGLWLRQXQGGDV0XVHXPGHU%LR GLYHUVLWlWGHV3DUNVGHO3ROOLQRGLH.LUFKH 6DQWD0DULD$VVXQWDJHEDXWLP-DKU KXQGHUWPLWODWHLQNUHX]LJHP3ODQLQZHQ GLJ PLW HLQ HLQ]LJHV .LUFKHQVFKLII LQ ED URFNHP6WLOGLH.LUFKH63LHWUR 4LVKDH 6KsQ 3MHWULW  JHEDXW LP  -DKUKXQGHUW GLH .LUFKH GLH HLQ 1DWLRQDOGHQNPDO LVW HUVFKHLQWVLFKPLWGHP3UHVE\WHULXPXQG PLWGHU$EVLVVHLWHLPE\]DQWLQLVFKHQ6WLO XQG GDV /DWHLQ NUHX]LJH ,QQHUH PLW GUHL .LUFKHQVFKLIIHQ GLH .DSHOOH 6DQWD /X FLDDOVRJHVDJWGLH.LUFKHGHU3XUJDWRULR ZLHGHUJHEDXWDXIHLQHP9RUEDXLP 2UWVWHLO(LDQLQDGLH.LUFKHYRQ6DQ%DVL OLRLO*UDQGH 4LVKDH6KsQ9DVLOLWWsPDGK  JHEDXWLP-DKUKXQGHUW




)UDVFL )UD VFLQHW LQH QQHW HHWRR  &6 &6  +R +RF RFK]H RF K HLWV LWVWUD WUDFKW WUD FKWW

)UDVFL )UD VFLLQHW VFLQHW QHWRR &6

&6 6  9R NVJ 9RO NVJUXS UXSSH UXS SH 7s SH 7s %LO % Ws WsH6 H 6KTL H6 KTLSRQ KTL SRQMsV SRQ MsV

)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡)HVWGHU+HLOLJHQ0DULD$VVXQWDDP 'H]HPEHU ‡)HVWGHU+HLOLJHQ/XFLDDP'H]HP EHU ZlKUHQG GHU 3UR]HVVLRQ $P 6SlW QDFKPLWWDJ XQGDP9RUWDJVDEHQGLPMH GHQ6WDGWYLHUWHOILQGHWGDV$Q]QGHQGHU )UHXGHQIHXHU NDPLQHW VWDWW ‡)HVWGHV+HLOLJHQ%DVLOLRDP-DQXDU LP2UWVWHLO(LDQLQD ‡/HYDOOMHDP0RQWDJXQGDP'LHQVWDJ QDFK2VWHUQGXUFKGLH6WUDVVHGHV'RUIHV LP7UDFKWEHJOHLWHWYRQ9HUVHDOWHUWKHD WUDOLVLHUWHQ 5KDSVRGLHQ ´'LH 6ROGDWHQ YRQ6FDQGHUEHJµ ‡)HVWGHU0DGRQQDGL/DVV 6KsQ0sULD .sWMH ODUWs  DP ]ZHLWHP 6RQQWDJ QDFK 2VWHUQPLWYDOOMHXQG9RONVJUXSSHQ ‡ -DKUPDUNW GHV +HLOLJHQ 3LHWUR DP  -XQL-DKUPDUNWGHUW\SLVFKHQ/HEHQVPLW WHOGHV3ROOLQR ‡ .HOFKH YRQ 6WHUQHQ DP  $XJXVW 'HJXVWDWLRQGHV:HLQVXQGGHUW\SLVFKHQ /HEHQVPLWWHOYRQ)UDVFLQHWR



)UDVFL )UD VFLLQHW VFLQHW VFL Q R R& &60lQ 0lQ lQQQQHUUWUD U FKW UD FK KWW

75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 'DV.OHLGYRQ)UDVFLQHWREHVWHKWDXVGLHOLQMD HLQHZHLVVHODQJH%OXVHDXV%DXPZROOHRGHU DXV/HLQHQPLWHLQHPWLHIHQ$XVVFKQLWWYRUQH GLHPEXUUOOHWLHLQHJHVWLFNWHDXIGHUOLQMDDQJH ZDQGWHQ6SLW]HGLHEHWLQLHLQHNOHLQH%XVHQ GHFNHGLHVNROsDHLQHW\SLVFKH.UDYDWWHGLH ZLUGDXIGHP$XVVFKQLWWGHU%OXVHJHWUDJHQ GHU VXWDQMHOL HLQ 8QWHUURFN DXV %DXPZROOH GHUNDPL]ROOsDHLQODQJHUURVHURWHU]\NODPIDU EHURGHUURWHU5RFNDXV$WODVLQ6HLGHQPLW GLFNHQ)DOWHQJHVWLFNWLQ*ROGGHUFRKsDHLQ 2EHQURFNDXV$WODVDXVEODXHP6HLGHQJHWUD JHQDXIGHUNDPL]ROOsDZLHGHUHUKHEHQGLP9RU GHUWHLOKDWZHQLJHUH)DOWHQDXIGHU+LGHUVHLWH GDV[KLSXQLHLQEODXHVPLW*ROGHQIlGHQJH VWLFNWHV-DFNHWWGDVNH]DHLQ+RFK]HLWVGLDGHP


/81*52‡81*Ê5

'

HU 'RUI YHUGDQNW GHQ %DVLOLDQHU 0|QFKHQGHV.ORVWHUV6DQWD0DULDGHOOH )RQWL VHLQHQ 8UVSXQJ 'HU 1DPH /XQJUR VWDPPWZDKUVFKHLQOLFKDXVGHPJULHFKLVFKHQ :RUWXJURGDVEHGHXWHW:DVVHU,QGHQDOWHQ ODQGNDUWHQ ZDU HV PLW GHP 1DPH 8QJDUXP RGHU/XQJULXPJHNDQQWXQGZDUEHVRQGHUVIU VHLQHDOWH6WHLQVDO]EHUJZHUNHEHNDQQWDXVJH EHXWHWVHLWGHU5|PHU]HLWZLH3OLQLRHULQQHUW KHXWHVLQGGLH%HUJZHUNHQLFKWPHKUDNWLY 9RUGHU$QNDPGHU$OEDQHULQGHP2UWZR /XQJURHQWVWHKWJDEHVVFKRQHLQ:HLOHUVHLW  GDV VLFK XP GDV %DVLOLDQHU .ORVWHU LQ GHQ YRP IHXGDWDULR 2JHULR GHO 9DVWR YRQ $OWRPRQWH  JHJHEHQHQ /lQGHUQ HQWZLFNHOW KDWWH 1XU LP  -DKUKXQGHUW WDXFKWHQ *UXSSHQ $OEDQHU EHUUDVFKHQG 'DV HUVWH 0DO GDV GHU 1DPH /XQJUR LQ HLQHPVFKULIWOLFKHP7H[WHUVFKHLQWLVW HLQH .RQ]HVVLRQ GLH HLQH 0HQJH 6DO] ]XHU NHQQWGLH2JHULRGHO9DVWRGL%UDKDOOD MHW]W $OWRPRQWH XQGVHLQH(KHIUDX%DVLOLDPDFK WHQIUHLQLJH%DVLOLDQHU0|QFKHYRQ/XQJUR  YHUOLHVVHQ GLH %DVLOLDQHU GDV .ORVWHU GDV LQ HLQHU .RPWXUHL ]XU 9HUIJXQJ GHV

/X JUR /X /XQ JUUR & JU &6  & 6

 $OW 6  OWVWD WVWD V GW

3DSVWHV YHUZDQGHOW ZXUGH  ZXUGH GDV 'RUIGHQ&DPSRORQJREHUJHEHQXQG IROJWHQ GLH 3HVFDUD GRUW /XQJUR GDV GLH +DXSWVWDGW GHU ,WDOR$OEDQHU EHWUDFKWHW LVW EHKHUEHUJWKHXWHGLHUHOLJL|VH+DXSWEHK|UGH GHU .DODEULHQ GHU JULHFKLVFKE\]DQWLQLVFKHQ 5LWXVGHQ%LVFKRIVLW]WRGHU(SDUFK

/XQJUR &6  .LUFKH6DQWLVVLPR6DOYDWRUH






/XQJUR /XQ JUR & JUR UR R & 6  & 6 *OR 6

*ORRFNH FN NHQWX NH W UP UP P GHU GHUU.DW GH .DW . DWWKHG KHHG HGUDO GUDO DOOH6 H 6DQ 6DQ D 1 DQ 1LFFROD DGL G 0LUD GL0L GL 0L 0LUD UD


)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡)HVWGHV+HLOLJHQ1LFRODGL0LUDDP'H ]HPEHU ZlKUHQG GHVVHQ LVW 7UDGLWLRQ )UHX GHQIHXHUNDPLQHWHVKsQNROOLWDQ]X]QGHQ ‡,QGHQGUHL.DUQLYDOVWDJHLVWGDV'RUIYRP .ODQJ YRQ 6DFNSIHLGHQ NDUUDPXQ[DW 0XQG KDUPRQLNHQ DUJDQHWLQ XQG $NNRUGHRQV HU IUHXW 9HUVFKLHGHQH *UXSSHQ JHKHQ XPKHU VLQJHQG XQG KDOWHQG EHL GHQ )DPLOLHQ GHV JDQ]HQ'RUIHV7DUDQWHOOHQZHUGHQRUJDQLVLHUW XQG GLH EHUKPWHQ *HVlQJH ZHUGHQ JHVXQ

75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 ,Q/XQJURZLUGGLH7UDFKWLQYLHU6RUWHQDXV JHWHLOWGLH)HVWWUDFKWGLHJHZ|KQOLFKH7UDFKW GLH 7UDXHUWUDFKW XQG GLH 7UDFKW IU GLH DXI GHQ(KHPDQQZDUWHQGHQ0lGFKHQ'LH)HVW WUDFKWXQWHUVFKHLGHWVLFKIUGLH4XDOLWlWGHU 6WRIIH GHU 6WLFNHUHLHQ XQG GHU JHEUDXFKWHQ *ROGVWFNH'LH7UDFKWEHVWHKWDXV]DKOUHL FKHQ7HLOHQGLHOLQMsDHLQHZHLVVH%OXVHELV XQWHU GHQ .QLHQ PLW WLHIHP 9$XVVFKQLWW YRUQHEHVHW]WYRQHLQHUKDQGJHVWLFNWHQ6SLW ]H PsOOHWLL ZRGLH%URVFKHQDQJHKHIWHWZHU GHQ]ZHLRGHUGUHL8QWHUU|FNH VXWDQLQL GLH HUVWHQ=ZHLDXV%DXPZROOHVLQGNDUULHUWXQG KHOOIDUELJGLHGULWWHDXVZHLVVHP%DXPZROOH GLHNXODoLHLQH:DWWLHUXQJIUGLH+IWHYRQ ]ZHL%lQGHQYRUQHJHEXQGHQGHUNDPL]ROOsD HLQURWHVRGHUlKQOLFKHU)DUEH8QWHUURFNDXV $WODVODQJELV]XP.QLHEHVHW]WYRQHLQHP VLOEHUQHQ%HVDW]JHVWW]WYRQ]ZHL+|VHQWUl JHUQ TLos]HW DXVJUQHP6WRIIGHUFRIsDHLQ 2EHUURFN DXV /DPp RGHU $WODV SOLVVLHUW PLW GHP LQ *ROG ODPLQLHUWHQ 5DQG KRFK ZLH GHUJHIDOWHW XQG ZLHGHUIDOOHQ JHODVVHQ IlFKHU IRUPLJ DXI GHP UHFKWHQ $UP EUDFFLR GHVWUR UURWD  GDV [KLSXQL HLQ EODXHV 0LHGHU PLW GHQ PLW *ROIHQHQIlGHQ XQG PLW %OXPHPX VWHUJHVWLFNWHQbUPHOQXQGPLW$XIQlKDUEHL WHQGHVJROGHQHQ%HVDW]HVGDVVNDPDQGLOLHLQ 7DVFKHQWXFKDXV6HLGHQPLW)UDQ]HQJHVHW]W DXI GHQ 6FKXLOWHUQ GDV NH]sD HLQ 'LDGHP RGHU.RSIEHGHFNXQJDXV6HLGHQJHVWLFNWPLW



JHQGLHEHUKPWHQYMHUVKsYRQ/XQJUR ‡'LH)HLHUQXQGGLH=HUHPRQLHQGHU+HLOLJH :RFKHILQGHQEHLGHU.DWKHGUDOH6DQ1LFROD GL0LUDVWDWW'LH)HLHUQVLQGDOOLHWDWHPLWHL QHU $UW UXGLPHQWlUHQ +LUWHQIO|WH HUIUHXW GLH GLH'RUIEHZRKQHUWLWDURWDQHQQHQGLHPLWGHP 5LQGH GHV )LHJHQEDXP GHV .DVWDQLHQEDXP GHU:HLGHXQGGHV2OHDQGHUVJHEDXWZLUG,O =XUFNEHUXIXQJGHQ5LWHQGHVNODVVLVFKHQ$O WHUWXPVLVWNODU'LH+LUWHQIORWHLVWGDV,QVWUX PHQWGDVXQVDQGLH%DFFKDQDOHHULQQHUW

/ JUR /XQ J R &  & & &6 6  6

 )HVVWWU WUDFK D W DFK

6LOEHUQIlGHQGHUYHOOLHLQ+RFK]HLWVVFKOHLHU DXVZHLVVHP7OOPLW6WLFNHUHLHQPLWJROGHP )DGHQGDVSDQLLNXTHLQURWHV6FKXOWHUWXFK DXV :ROOH RGHU DXV $WODV PLW 6HLWHQIUDQ]HQ IUGLHDQGHUHQ7UDFKWVDUW'LH0lQQHUWUDFKW EHVWHKW DXV ZHLVVH +RVHQ PLW URWHQ RGHU EODXHQ6HLWHQVWUHLIHQXQGJHOEHQ6WLFNHUHLHQ HLQZHLVVHV+HPGHLQHVFKZDU]JHVWLFNWH:H VWHHLQZHLVVHUNHJHOVWXPSIIRUPLJHU+XW


021*5$66$12‡081*5$6$1Ê

'

LH8UVSUQJHGHV2UWVFKDIWHV0RQJUDVVDQR IKUHQXQVDQHLQHUZHLWHQ9HUJDQJHQKHLW ]XUFN KLVWRULVFKH 4XHOOHQ EULQJHQ XQV DP (QGH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV Y&KU ]XUFN ZlUHQG GLH 5|PHU]HLW DOV VLFK GHU .RQVXO 0DUFR /LFLQLR &UDVVR YHUIROJHQG GHQ 5HEHOO 6SDUWDFRIOLHKHQGYRQGHQU|PLVFKHQ/HJLRQHQ XQG ]XJHJDQJHQ DXI 6L]LOLHQ DP )X‰H GHV 0RQWDJQD0DJQDODJHUWH$OV6SDUWDFREHVLJW ZDUJDEGHUURPLVFKH.RQVXOGLH*HELHWHDXI GHQHQGDV/DJHUHUKREHQZDUHLQLJHQGHUVHL QHQ 9HWHUDQHQ GLH VLFK LP .DPSI DXIJHIDOOHQ ZDUHQXQGYRQGLHVHPZLUGHLQHQ:HLOHUJHELO GHWPLWGHP1DPHQ0RQV&UDVDQXV]X(KUHQ GHU.RQVXO&UDVVR,P-DKUKXQGHUWKDEHQ ZLU 1DFKULFKWHQ HLQHV :HLOHUV JHQHQQW 0RQV &UDVDQXV0RFUDVDQL0RQWHJUDVVDQR0RQJUHVVDQR 0DJURVDQLXQG0DFUHVVDQR'LHHUVWHQVLFKHUHQ 1DFKULFKWHQ EHVWlWLJHQ GDVV GDV 'RUI  5RVWDLQGH$JRWJHK|UWHGDQQGHQ6DQJLQHWR XQG VFKOLH‰OLFK JDE GHP 3ULQ]HQ 6DQVHYHULQR YRQ %LVLJQDQR EHU GHU  GHP %LVFKRI YRQ 6DQ 0DUFR GLH =LYLOJHULFKWVEDUNHLW EHU OLHVV *HJHQ GLH +lOIWH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV ZLUG GDV 'RUI YRQ )DPLOLHQ $OEDQHU ZLHGHU EHVLHGHOW XQG LQ ]ZHL :HLOHU JHWHLOW 6HUUD GL /HR XQG 0RQJUDVVDQR ,P 'H]HPEHU JLQJHQ  0RQJUDVVDQR XQG 6HUUD GL /HR YRP E\]DQWLQLVFKHQ ]XP ODWHLQLVFKHQ QRFK KHXWH JHEUDXFKWHQ 5LWXV EHU  ZLUG 'RUI GHQ 0DUFKHVHQYRQ)XVFDOGREHUODVVHQGLHHVELV ]XU $EVFKDIIXQJ GHV )HXGDOLVPXV EHKHUUVFK WHQZDU0RQJUDVVDQR8QLYHUVLWlWGDQQ ZLUG2UWVWHLOYRQ6HUUDGL/HRXPGDQQ  *HPHLQGH ]X ZHUGHQ FRQ 6HUUD GL /HR DOVVHLQ2UWVWHLO 0RQ RQJUD JUDVVDQR &6  5DWKDXV

0RQJUD 0RQ JUDVVD VVDQR QR &6  3DQ QRUD UDPDD PDDXVVVLFKW

=86(+(1 'LH .LUFKH GHU .DUPHOLWHU RGHU ´%UXGHU VFKDIWµPLWDQOLHJHQGHQ.ORVWHUHUULFKWHW LP  -DKUKXQGHUW XQG HLQJHULFKWHW LP -DKUKXQGHUW'LH.LUFKHGLHDXIGHP 'RUIKDXSWSODW] EHL GHP 5DWKDXV OLHJW KDW HLQ 3RUWDO DXV PDVVLYHP .DVWDQLHQ EDXPKRO] GHU FKDUDNWHULVWLVFKHQ K|O]HU QHQ6FXOSWXUHQGLH.LUFKH6DQWD&DWHULQD G·$OHVVDQGULDG·(JLWWRHUULFKWHWLQGHU5H QDLVVDQFHHSRFKHXQGVSlWHUZLHGHUJHEDXW PLW PHKU :LHGHUDXIQDKPHQ GDV ,QQHUH PLWGUHL.LUFKHQVFKLIIHQPLW3LODVWHUQXQG .DSHOOHQ 'LH .LUFKH 6DQW·$QQD JHOHJHQ LQGHP6WDGWYLHUWHOYRQ6HUUD/HRLVWXQ WHQGHQlOWHVWHQGHV'RUIHVGHU3DODVW6DU ULHLQ$GHOVJHElXGHGHV-DKUKXQGHUWV PLW )UHVNHQ YRQ %DWLVWD 6DQWRUR GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWVGHU3DODVW6DQWRURHLQ*H ElXGHPLWHLQHPUHL]HQGHPXPODXIHQGHQ VFKPLHGHLVHUQHQ %DONRQ GHV  XQG  -DKUKXQGHUWV 'DV 6WDGWPXVHXP $XV VWHOOXQJ GHU $UEsUHVKHQ 7UDGLWLRQHQ XQG .XOWXU  ]XEHUHLWHW LQ GHQ KLVWRULVFHQ 3D ODVWGHU%DURQHQ0LFHOLGDV%LRJHQHWLVFKH 5HYLHU JHOHJHQ LP 2UW 0RQWDJQD 0DJQD IUGDV6WXGLXPGHU)ORUDXQGGHU)DXQD






0 JUD 0RQ UDVVD UD VVDDQR QR &  9RO &6 9RONVJ NVJ VJUXS VJUXS UXSSH SH'LD SH 'LD L OOL OL


3ODWDFL &6  0XUDOHVY V RQ RQ $ $ 0DJ JQHO QHOOL OL H$5HQGD




75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 'LHWUDGLWLRQHOOH7UDFKWYRQ6DQ%DVLOH EHVWHKWDXVGLHOLQMsDHLQHODQJHZHLV VH %OXVH DXV 5RKOHLQHQ PLW 6SLW]H GLH VNROsD W\SLVFKH KHOOEODXH ´.UDYDWWHµ DXV $WODV GLH ZLUG DXI GHP $XVVFKQLWW GHU ODQJH OLQMD JHEUDFKW JHNUHX]W DXI GHU +|FKH YRP 2EHUN|USHU GLH SHWLQ L HLQH ZHLVVH JHVFKQLW]WH %XVHQGHFNH GHUVXWDQLQLHLQZHLVVHU8QWHUURFNPLW KDQGJHVWLFNWHP 5DQG GHU NDPL]ROOsD HLQ IX[LD XQG URWHU 5RFN DXV $WODV LQ 6HLGHQ PLW EUHLWHQ )DOWHQ PLW 8QUHU UDQG PLW HLQHP JROGHQHQ %HVDW] GHU YDQGLOHMDHLQKHOOEODXHU.LWWHOLQ6HLGHQ PLWJHUXQGHWHP5DQGPLWHLQHU6W*DO OHU6SLW]HGDV[KLSXQLHLQEODXHURGHU lKQOLFKHU 0LHGHU DXV 6HLGHQ PLW GHQ PLW*ROGHQIlGHQJHVWLFNWHQbUPHOQPLW $XIQlKDUEHLW YRQ JROGHQHQ %HVDW] GHU YHOOLHLQ6FKOHLHUDXVZHLVVHP7OOJRO GHQJHVWLFNWDQGHQ5lQGHUQ'LH+DOE IHVWWUDFKW XQWHUVFKHLGHW VLFK YRP )HVW WUDFKW IU GLH 4XDOLWlW GHU 6WRIIH XQG IU HLQLJH %HVRQGHUKHLWHQ HUKDOWHQG GHUJOHLFKH6FKQLWWGHU)HVWWUDFKW 6DQ DQ Q%D %DVLO %DVLO V OH H &6

&6 &6  6  9RO 9R NVJ NVJUXS UXS XSSH SSH SH)LD SH )L PXU )LD PXX L




6$1%(1('(7728//$12‡6+Ê1%(1('+,7

,

O 'RUI HQWVWHKW  P EHU GHP 0HHUHVVSLHJHODP)‰HGHV+JHOV6DQW·(OLD 'LH HUVWHQ KLVWRULVFKHQ 1DFKULFKWHQ GHV DOWHQ 'RUIHV OLHJHQ DP (QGH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV ]XUFN DOV HV /HKQ GHU QRUPDQQLVFKHQ +HU]RJHQ YRQ 0RQWDOWR ZDU GLH GDPDOV HLQ %HQHGHNWLQHUNORVWHU GRUW JHJUQGHQ YRQ GHP GDV NOHLQH 'RUI GHQ 1DPH QDKP 6SlWHU ZDU YRQHLQHUDOEDQLVFKHQ*HPHLQVFKDIWZLHGHUEH VLHGHOW  EHJUQGHW 3DSVW &OHPHQWH ;,, GXUFK )UVSUDFKH YRQ )HOLFH 6DPXHOH 5RGRWj ´'DV ,WDOR$OEDQHVLVFKH ,QWHUQDW &RUVLQLµ HLQ UHJHOUHFKWH8QLYHUVLWlWIUGLH%LOGXQJGHVLWDOR 6DQQ%H 6DQ 6DQ%H %HHQHG HHGHWW HWWR8 R OOO R8 OOD ODQR QR &6 QR &6 6 

.DV

 .DV .D DVWDQ WDQ WD DDQLH LHQ HHQ QQZDO ZDO ZD Z DOG

6DQ%H %HQHGHWWR8OODQR &6 3DQRUDPDDXVVLFKW

6DQ%HQHGHWWR8OODQR &6  .LUFKH%XRQ&RQVLJOLR

6DQ%HQHGHWWR8OODQR &6 6 

.DS .DSHOO HOOH% H%XRQQ&RQVL VLJOL JOLR

DOEDQHVLVFKHQ .OHUXV GHU GHQ 5XKP DQQDKP HLQH GHU EHVWHQ ]X VHLQ 9LHOH (LQZRKQHU YRQ 6DQ %HQHGHWWR 8OODQR QDKPHQ GHQ .lPSIHQ GHVLWDOLHQLVFKHQ5LVRUJLPHQWRGHQ%HZHJXQJHQ YRQ&RVHQ]DGHUXQGWHLOXQGVWDU EHQ IU LKUH ,GHDOH GHU *HUHFKWLJNHLW XQG GHU )UHLKHLW DXFK GXUFK GLH HURLVFKH 7HLOQHKPXQJ DQGHU%HIUHLXQJHQYRQ*DULEDOGLLP6GLWDOLHQ 8QJHIlKU ]ZHL .LORPHWHU YRQ 6DQ %HQHGHWWR 8OODQR ZHLW  OLHJW GHU 2UWVWHLO 0DUUL $OOLPDUU NOHLQHU/DQGZLUWVFKDIWOLFKHU2UW






6DQQ&R &RVPR P $O $OEDQ E QHVH HVH &  & & &6  6 +HL + LOLJ LJWXP W 6 WXP 66 6666& 66&  &RVP RVPRH VP PRH R H'D RH'D 'DPLD 'DDPLD L QR LDQR LD QR


6DQ'HPHWULR&RURQH &6  *ORFNHQWXUPXQG(LQJDQJGHU.LUFKH6DQW¶$GULDQR




6$1*,25*,2$/%$1(6(‡0%8=$7

'

DV'RUIOLHJWDXIHLQHU$QK|KHGLHDXI GHP7DOGHU)OXVVHV&UDWLXQGDXIGHU EHUKPWHQ 6LEDUL(EHQH EOLFNW ]ZLVFKHQ ]ZHL :DOORQHQ DP )‰H YRQ 6HUUD &ULVWD G·$FULDXIGHP1RUGKDQJGHU6LOD*UHFD 'HU 'RUI  ZDU LP -DKUH  HLQ NOHLQHV /DQGHVGRUIIDVWJDQ]]HUVW|UWYRQGHQVWlQ GLJHQ.UDQNKHLWHQXQGYRQGHP(UGEHEHQ 'LH HUVWH 1DFKULFKW GHV 'RUIHV GDV /HKQ GHU $EWHL GHO 3DWLUH YRQ 5RVVDQR ZDU JHQDQQW 6DQ *LRUJLR GK 6DQFWR -RULR  OLHJW GHU 1RUPDQQH =HLW ]UXFN XQG ZLUG YRQ HLQHP 'RNXPHQW GHV  JHIROJHUW ,P  -DKUKXQGHUW ZXUGH GDV 'RUI YRQ )DPLOLHQ $OEDQHU DXI HLQHU YRP (UGEHEHQ ]HUVW|UWHQ $QVLHGOXQJ ZLHGHUEHVLHGHOW ,P 'RUI HUHLJQHQ VLFK GLH $OEDQHU LKUH UHOLJL |VHQ*RWWHVGLHQVWHPLWJULHFKLVFKHP5LWXV LQ HLQHU SUlH[LVWLHUHQGHV /DQGHVNLUFKHOHLQ DQ 6DQ *LRUJLR JHZLGPHW 'DV 'RUI ZDU 0EX]iWL R 0EX]DW JHQDQQW VWDPPHQG ZDKUVFKHLQOLFK YRP 1DFKQDPHQ %XVD PlFKWLJHP DOEDQHVLVFKHP )DPLOLH 'DV 'RUI ZDU HUVWHQV :HLOHU YRQ &RULJOLDQR HV JHK|UWH XUVSQJOLFK GHP UHLFKHQ XQG PDFKWLJHQ *HVFKOHFKW GHU 3ULQ]HQ YRQ %LVLJQDQR LQ GHU )ROJH  JLQJ GHU $GHOVIDPLOLH 6DOX]]R YRQ *HQRD EHU GLH LKQELVUHJLHUWH'LH)HXGDOPDFKWGHU 6DQVHYHULQR XQG GHU 6DOX]]R XQWHU GHP 6DQ*LRUJLR$OEDQHVHJH]ZXQJHQZDUZDU VFKOHFKW YRQ LKUHQ (LQZRKQHU JHGXOGHW GLHPLWZLHGHUKROWHQ*HZDOWWDWHQVXFKWHQ PHKU)UHLKHLW]XHUUHLFKHQ 6DQ*LRUJLR$OEDQHVH &6 5DWKDXV

6DDQ 6DQ Q*L * * RUJ *LRU *L RUU LR LR$OE $OEDQH DQHVH VH &6 &6 

 3DQ 3DQRUD RUDPDD DDXVV XVVLFK LFKWW

=86(+(1 'LH.LUFKH6DQ*LRUJLR0HJDORPDUWLUHLP EDURFNHP6WLOGHV-DKUKXQGHUWVELHWHW VLFKPLWGUHL.LUFKHQVFKLIIHQGDUDQJHOHKQW DQGHQ6HLWHQYRQ]ZHL.DSHOOHQLPLWDOR JULHFKLVFKHQ6WLOXQGYRQHLQHPLPSRVDQ WHQ *ORFNHQWXUP EHUVWHLJHUW YRQ HLQHP *HELHOLPE\]DQWLQLVFKHQ6WLO(QWVWDQGHQ LP5|PHUVWLOQDFKGHQYRQGHQ%LVFK|IHQ YRUJHVFKULHEHQHQ .LUFKHQSIOLFKWHQ YRQ GHQHQVLHQDFKGHU*UQGXQJGHU(SDUFKLH GL /XQJUR DEKlQJWH GDQN GHQ YHUVFKLH GHQHQ 5HVWDXULHUXQJVZHUNHQ GHU 3IDUUHU ZXUGHGLH.LUFKHQDFKXQGQDFKGHQ$Q IRUGHUXQJHQ GHU E\]DQWLQLVFKHQ 7UDGLWLRQ DQJHSDVVW 'LH .LUFKH 'RUPL]LRQH GHOOD 9HUJLQH 0DULD $VVXQWD LQ &LHOR GHU 6WLO GHU.LUFKHRULHQWLHUWVLFKDQGHULWDORJULH FKLVFKHQ*DWWXQJ'LH.LUFKH(VDOWD]LRQH GHOOD 6DQWD &URFH GDV ,QQHUH EHKHUEHUJW GLH DQ GHQ 0XWWHUJRWWHV 0DULD XQG DP +HUUJRWWJHZLGPHWHQ,NRQHQ'LH3LQDNR WKHN 6LW]W GHV *HPHLQGHUDWV ZR ZLU GLH *HPlOGH GHV DOEDQHVLVFKHQ 0DOHUV 3HWULW &HQREHZXQGHUQN|QQHQJHZLGPHWDQGHU $QNXQIWGHU$OEDQHULQ,WDOLHQGDV6WXGL XP]HQWUXPIUGLH6SUDFKPLQGHUKHLW




6DQWD 6DQ D0DU 0 LDOH OH *UR *URWWH WWHGL GL6D 6DQ0 Q0DUWLQRGL)L ) QLWD &6  .LUFKH6DQW¶$QW $ RQLR




6DQWDD&DWHULQD$OEDQHVH &6  0XUDOHV

)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡ )HVW GHU 0XWWHUJRWWHV GHOOD 3LHWj LP 0RQDW-DQXDULQGHP2UWVWHLO-RJJL ‡/HYDOOMHLQGHQ)DVWQDFKWVWDJHQ-XQJHQ PLWDOEDQHVLVFKHU7UDFKWWDQ]HQXQGVLQJHQ GLHNDOLPHGXUFKGLH6WUDVVHQGHV'RUIHV ‡)HVWGHU+HLOLJHQ3DQWDOHRDP-XOL ‡)HVWGHU+HLOLJHQ)UDQFHVFRGL3DRODDP HUVWHP6RQQWDJLP$XJXVW ‡'DV-RJJLDYDQWIRON9RONVXQG(WKQR PXVLNIHVWLYDOILQGHWLP0RQDW$XJXVW LP2UWVWHLO-RJJLVWDWW ‡)HVWYRQ6DQWD&DWHULQDDP1RYHPEHU 

6DQWD 6DQ WD D &DW &DWHUL HULQD QD$OE $OEDDDQH $O $OE DQ QQHHVVH VHHH &6 & &6  0l 0lG 0 llGFKHHQL QLLQ) Q )HVWWWUDFKW



75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 'LH)UDXHQWUDFKWHQYRQ6DQWD&DWHULQD EHVWHKHQDXVGLHNDPL]LQLHLQH%XVHQ GHFNH PLW WLHIHP $XVVFKQLWW GHNRULHUW PLWJHKlNHOWH9HUDUEHLWXQJHQGDVEXVW L HLQ 0LHGHU RKQH bUPHO DXV LQ *ROG DXVJHZDO]WHP6HLGHQPLWZDEHQI|UPLJ JHQlKWHQ)DOWHQYRUQH]XJHNQ|SIWXQ WHU GHP %XVHQ GLH OLQMsD HLQH ODQJH ZHLVVH %OXVH DXV %DXPZROOH GHU VXWD QLQL HLQ ZHLVVHU 8QWHUURFN JHVWLFNW LQGHP8QWHUWHLOGHUFRKsDHLQODQJHU 5RFN YRUZLHJHQG DXV EODXHP 6HLGHQ LQ *ROG DXVJHZDOW]W JHNUlXVHOW LQ GHU 7DLOOH  XQG LQ GHP 8QWHUWHLO EHVHW]W PLW HLQHP JROGHQHP %HVDW] GLH FRKD KDWLP2EHUWHLOREYRUQHRGHUKLQWHU ]ZHL %HVWDQGWHLOH JHVDJW NXUSLHWHW GK ZHUGHQ]ZHLWUDSH]RLGDOI|UPLJH6WFNH 6WRIILQ*ROGDXVJHZDO]WRGHUYHU]LHUW ZLH GLH FRKD DP KLQWHU NXUSLHWHW ZHU GHQEHIHVWLJWGLH]ZHL+RVHQWUlJHUGLH VLFK YRUQH ]XVFKQDOOHQ XQG PLW IQI EOXPHQEODWWI|UPLJHQ URWHQ 6FKOHLIHQ QRNDWHQGHQGLH%UDXWWUlJWXQWHUGHP EODXHQ FRKD HLQHQ ]ZHLWHQ URWHU 5RFN RKQH+RVHQWUlJHULPPHULQ*ROGDXVJH ZDO]WXQGYHUVHKHQODoLQWDHLQLQ*ROG DXVJHZDO]WHU *UWHO GHV JOHLFKHQ *H ZHEHGHUFRKDGHUVLFKLQGHU7DLOOH]X VFKQDOOWGDV[KLSXQLHLQLQ*ROGDXVJH ZDO]WHV 0LHGHU PLW ODQJHQ bUPHOQ DXV 6HLGHQ KLQWHU XQG DQ GHQ bUPHO PLW HLQHP JROGHQHQ %HVDW] GHNRULHUW GLH YDQGLOHW ]ZHL KHOOJHOEH 7DVFKHQWFKHU ,QGHU)ULVXUGHU%UDXWZHUGHQGLHoLHUUHW JHEUDXFKW 6WUHLIHQ DXV %DXPZROOH XP %VFKHOKKDUH]XUROOHQGLHGDQQDXIGHQ 2KUHQ JHOHJHQ ZHUGHQ UFNOLQJV DQGH UH+DDUHDXFKGLHVHJHUROOWELOGHQGHQ VRJHQDQQWHFXULOLGLHVHUOHW]WHGDQQPLW GHPNH]sDHLQHP+RFK]HLWVGDGHPDXI JHKDOWHWHLQHLQ*ROGXQGLQ6LOEHUJH VWLFNWH.RSIEHGHFNXQJDXV6HLGHQDXI GHUGHQWXOOLGKGHU6FKOHLHUGHU%UDXW DQKHIWHWZLUG


75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 'LH 7UDFKWHQ GHU )UDXHQ YRQ 6DQWD 6RILD G·(SLUR EHVWHKHQ DXV GLH OLQMsD HLQH ODQ JHZHLVVH%OXVHDXV/HLQHQXQG%DXPZRO OHPLWHLQHPWLHIHQ$XVVFKQLWWYRUQHPLW ZHLVVHU6SLW]HDXV6FKQLW]HQVWLFKHJHVWLFN WHP7OOGHUVXWDQLQLHLQPLW%OXPHPXVWHU JHVWLFNWHU 8QWHUURFN DXV %DXPZROOH GLH SHWLQLHLQHZHLVVH%XVHQGHFNHDXV/HLQHQ GHUVXWDQsDHLQ8QWHUURFNDXVURWHPRGHU EODXHP $WODV PLW GLFNHQ )DOWHQ EHVHW]W PLWHLQHPJROGHQHQ%HVWD]GHUVXWDQDNDS VKROOMHHLQURWHU5RFNDXVURKHPSOLVVLHUWHP 6HLGHQYHU]LHUWDXIGHP5DQGYRQHLQHP 6WUHLIHQDXVJUQHPRGHUEODXHP$WODVGHU VXWDQDSXSDJMHOLPHULoHLQ5RFNDXV%DXP ZROOHPLWGHPYHU]LHUWHQ5DQGJHNUlXVHOW YRQ HLQHP 9RODQW GHV JOHLFKHQ *HZHEHV GHU5RFNVGHUFRKsDHLQJUQHUEODXHUIX [LDRGHUURVD5RFNDXVUHLQHP6HLGHQPLW JROGHQHQ /DPHOOHQ PLW HLQHP YRQ HLQHP JURVVHQJROGHQHQXQGVLOEHUQHQ%HVDW]YHU ]LHUWHQ 5DQG GDV [KLSXQL HLQ KHOOEODXHV YLROHWWHVXQGURVDDQOLHJHQGHV0LHGHUPLW JROGHQHQ6WLFNHUHLHQPLW%OXPHPXVWHUDXI GHQbUPHOQXQGEUHLWHQ6WUHLIHQPLWJROGH QHP %HVDW] DXI GHQ 6FKXOWHU HLQ 0LHGHU DXVVFKZDU]HV6DPWPLWJROGHQHP%HVDW] XQGJHVWLFNWLQ*ROGDXIGHQhEHUlUPHOQ GHUVTHSLHLQ6FKOHLHUDXVZHLVVHP7OORGHU LQ*ROGHQIlGHQJHVWLFNWHUEHGHNWXQGEH VFKW]WGHQ.RSIZlKUHQGGHU+RFK]HLWV ]HULPRQLH EHGHFNW GDV *HVLFKW GHU %UDXW XQGNRPPWDXIGHP.RSIKLQXQWHUELVGLH 6FKXOWHU]XVWUHLIHQGHUWXYDOsWXOOL6FKOHL HUDXV7OOJHVWLFNWLQ*ROGXQGLQ6LOEHU GDV EsUOORNX HLQ %lQGFKHQ DXV VFKZDU]HP 6DPW GLH PLW HLQHU DP +DOV DQOLHJHQGHQ 0HGDLOOHJHWUDJHQZLUGGDVNH]DHLQ+RFK ]HLWVGLDGHPGHUYHUKHLUDWHWHQ)UDXHQHLQH .RSIEHGHFNXQJ  DXV 6HLGHQ JHVWLFNW LQ *ROG XQG LQ 6LOEHU KDOE]LUNXODU RGHU DQ GHUVIRUPLJDXIGHUGHUWXOOLGKGHU6FKOHL HUGHU%UDXWDQJHKHIWHWZLUG 6DQQWD WDD6RI WD RIILLD LD DG¶( G¶ SLU SL R &6

R &6

R 6  9RO 9RONVJ NVJJUUXSSSH SSH SH 6KT 6K LSR SRRQMD M W






6SS ]]DQ 6SH]]D 6SH ]]DQR ]]D QR$OE $OO DQH DQ VH VHH &6 &6 6 

 +HL +HLOLJ OLJWXP OLJ W 6D WXP 6DQWD QWD0D QWD 0D 0DULD ULD L GH GGHOOH OOH*U *U *UD]L D H D]L


=86(+(1 'LH.LUFKH6DQWD0DULDGHOOH*UD]LHJH ZRUGHQ  +HLOLJWXP YLHOOHLFKW EDVL OLDQHU 8UVSUXQJ GDQQ $XJXVWXQHUNLUFKH GDV ,QQHUH EHKHUEHUJW HLQH K|O]HUQH 6WD WXH 'HV 0XWWHUJRWWHV PLW .LQG GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV HLQ :HLKZDVVHUEHFNHQ GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV XQG ]ZHL /HLQZDOGJH PlOGH YRQ 'H 0DULD   XQG HLQ DQRQ\PHV )UHVNR GHV  GDUVWHOOHQG GHU 0XWWHUJRWWHV GHOOH *UD]LH 6FKXW] SDWURQRQLQ YRQ 6SH]]DQR 'LH YLHOOHLFKW %DVLOLDQHU GDQQ GLH $QWRQLXVHLQVLHGHOHL 6DQWD0DULDGL&RVWDQWLQRSROLZDU +RVSLWDOHGHV'RUIHVZDUXP:LOOH GHU )DPLOLH 6DOLPHQD ZLHGHUJHQEDXW GDV ,QQHUH EHKHUEHUJW )UHVNHQ YRQ 'H 0DULD GHV  GDUVWHOOHQG GHU 0XWWHUJRWWHV PLW.LQG'HU+HLOLJH)UDQFHVFRYRQ3DROD XQG+HLOLJH$QWRQLR$EDWHGLH.LUFKHGHU +HLOLJHQ 3LHWUR H 3DROR YLHOOHLFKW E\]DQ WLQLVFKHU 8UVSUXQJ ZDU GHP .XOW  JH|IIQHWDOVVLHGLH+DXSWNLUFKHGHV'RU IHVZLUGGDV,QQHUHEHKHUEHUJWGDV)UHVNR GDUVWHOOHQG´'LH9HUWUHLEXQJGHU+lQGOHU DXV GHP 7HPSHOµ GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV GLH.LUFKHGHU&DUPLQHRGHU6DQWD0DULD GHO0RQWH&DUPHORGHVGDV,QQHUH EHKHUEHUJWHLQ5HOLTXLDUGHV-DKUKXQ GHUWVXQGHLQ)UHVNRYRQ/XLJL9HOWULGHV -DKUKXQGHUWVDXIGHPGHU0XWWHUJRW WHVGHU&DUPLQHDEELOGHWLVWGLH6FKOR‰UXL QHQ 6DQW·$QWRQLR YRQ 6WULGROR RGHU YRQ 6WUHJROD JHEDXW LP 2UW /RJJH EHL GHP (LVHQEDKQSODW]GHUXUVSUQJOLFKHLQH%H QHGHNWLQHU$EWHLZDUEHIHVWLJWYRQ5REHU WRLO*XLVFDUGRJHJHQGLHDUFKHROR JLVFKH =RQH GHU 3UlJULHFKLVFKHQ 1HNUR SROHQYRQ7RUUH0RUGLOORPRQXPHQWDOHV LWDOLVFKHV SURWRKLVWRULVFKHV 6HSXONUHW GHV HUVWHQ (LVHQDOWHUV GHU  -DKUKXQGHUW Y&KUPLW*UDEHQPLW%HHUGLJXQJVULWHQ XQWHQGHQZLFKWLJVWHQ'LQJHQILQGHQZLU GLHEHUKPWHQODPHOODHDXUHDHRUSK\FDHGLH DUFKHRORJLVFKH=RQHLQGHU6WUDVVH&DOFD WHUUDZRHLQDQGHUHVDOWHQ6HSXONUHWOLHJW



6SH]]D 6SH ]]DQR ]]D QR $OE QR $ DQHVH DQH QHVH V &6 VH & 0RU

0RU RUGLO LLOOR OR 7 OR 7XU XP

6SH]]DQR$OEDQHVH &6  .LUFKH6DQWD0DULDGL&RVWDQWLQRSROL

6SH]]DQR QRR $OEDQHVH &6 .LUFKH66 663LHWURH3DRO DROR


9$&&$5,==2$/%$1(6(‡9$.$5,&

,

O'RUIOLHJWDXIHLQHP+JHOPEHU GHP 0HHUHVVSLHJHO DXG GHP 1RUGKDQJ GHU6LOD*UHFDDQGHQ$EKlQJHQGHU6HUUD &ULVWDG·$FULXQG]HLJWVLFKDXIGHP6LEDUL (EHQH XQG DXI GHP ,RQLVFKHP 0HHU 'HU XUVSQJOLFKH 'RUIQDPH ZDU ´%DFFKDUL]]R LQ $FULµ 1DFK HLQLJHQ +LVWRULNHUQ ZHLO HV HLQ :HLGHUDXP ZDU QDFK DQGHUHQ LVW GHU 1DPHGDJHJHQDQGHQ]DKOUHLFKHQ$QJULIIHQ GHU6DUD]HQHQLQGLHVHQ/lQGHUQJHEXQGHQ 0DQHU]lKOWGDVVGHU'RUIQDPHZHJHQGHU JURVVHQ=DKOJHJHEHQZDUGLHGHU(PLUYRQ 3DOHUPR$O4DVLPLP)UKOLQJVFKODFK WHQ OLH‰ $Q GLHVHP 2UW EOLHE GHU 1DPH ´0RQDK DO %DTDUµ GK GLH 1LHGHUVWHOOXQJ GHU .KH ZLH HU QRFK KHXWH EHNDQQW LVW $OV GLH %HY|ONHUXQJ PLW GHU $QNXQIW YRQ *UXSSHQ $OEDQHU JHJHQ  VWHLJHUW GLH VLFK DXG GHQ +JHOQ GHU 3UH6LOD *UHFD DQVLHGHOWHQ ZXUGH XQWHQ GHQ DQGHUHQ :HLOHUQ DXFK 9DFFDUL]]R $OEDQHVH JHJUQ GHW,P-DKUKXQGHUWJHK|UWHGDV*HELHW LQGHPGDV'RUIKHXWHHQWVWHKWGHP/HKQ GHU 3ULQ]HQ 6DQVHYHULQR YRQ %LVLJQDQR GDQQLP-DKUKXQGHUWJLQJGDV/HKQGHP +HU]RJYRQ&RULJOLDQREHU'LHHUVWHULFKWL JH$QVLHGOXQJIDQGLQGHP2UWZREHILQGHQ VLFKKHXWHGLH5XLQHQGHUDOWHQ.DSHOOH6DQ 1LFROD]XUFNOLHJHQGGHP-DKUKXQGHUW 9DFFDU 9DF FDUL]] L]]R$ R$OED OEDQHV QHVH H &6

&6 .UL .ULHJHUGH G QNP N DOO

9DFFFDUL]]R$OEDQHVH &6 3DQ 9DF 3DQRUD RUDPDD PDDXXVVLFK LF W

9DFFDU 9DF FDUL]] FDU L] R$ L]]R$ L]] R$OE $OED OEDQHV OEDQHV QHHVH H &6 &6  5DWWKDX &6

KDXVV

XQG GDQQ ELOGHWHQ LP 2UW KHXWH JHVDJW ´1HXH.LUFKHµKLHUPLWGHQ(LQZRKQHUYRQ 6DQ &RVPR HLQ HLQ]LJHV 'RUI  WUHQQ WHQ GLH ]ZHL *UXSSHQ (LQZRKQHU UXIHQG LQV /HEHQ GLH :HLOHU YRQ 9DFFDUL]]R XQG 6DQ &RVPR 'DV MHW]LJH 'RUI HQWVWDQG XP GLH .LUFKH 6DQWD 0DULD GL &RVWDQWLQRSROL JHEDXWVRZLHGLHHUVWHQ0DXHUKlXVHU 'LH $OEDQHU HQWVFKORVVHQ VLFK KLHU GHIL QLWLY ]X QLHGHODVVHQ QDFKGHP VLH YLHOH -DKUH LQ =ZHLJKWWHQ JHOHEW KDWWHQ GLH VHKU RIW DQ]QGHWHQ XP YRQ GHQ ILVNDOHQ 1XPPHUDWRUHQ QLFKW UHJLVWULHUW ]X VHLQ 1DFK HLQHU ODQJHQ =HLW 8QWHUZRUIHQKHLW ZLUG 9DFFDUL]]R *HPHLQGH PLW GHU *HVHOOVFKDIWV]HUVHW]XQJ GHU )HXGDOLWlW ]ZL VFKHQ GHP (QGH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV XQG GHP%HJLQQGHV-DKUKXQGHUWVDQ GHP1DPH9DFFDUL]]RZDUGLH6SH]LILFDWLRQ ´$OEDQHVHµEHLJHIJW




75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 'LHJHEUDXFKWHQ6WRIIHXPGLHWUDGLWLRQHO OH7UDFKWHQ]XUHDOLVLHUHQZDUHQ:ROOHIU GLH%DXHUQ%DXPZROOH/HLQHQXQG6HLGHQ IUGHQK|FKVWHQ6WDQG6WRIIHGLHIDVWLP PHULQGHQ+DXVPDXHUQKHUJHVWHOOWVRZLH GLH7UDFKWHQGLHPLWLKQHQDQJHIHUWLJWZXU GHQ9RP-DKUKXQGHUWDQEHWUDXWHQGLH DUEsUHVKs GHQ 2UWVPHLVWHUKDQGZHUNHU GLH 1DKWGHUYHUVFKLHGHQHQ6FKQLWWHDQGLHGLH 7UDFKWHQPLWNRVWEDUHQLQ*ROGJHVWLFNWHQ *HZHEHQ ]X EHUHLFKHUQ EHJDQQHQ QDFK GHP 5HLFKWXP YRQ GHQHQ GLH VLH YHUODQJ WHQ'LH%HVWDQGWHLOHGHU7UDFKWYRQ9DFFD UL]]R$OEDQHVHVLQGGLHOLQMsDHLQHZHLVVH ODQJH%OXVHDXV/HLQHQRGHU%DXPZROOHPLW GHPYHU]LHUWHP+DOVYRQNRVWEDUHQJHNUlX VHOWHQ JHKlNHOWHQ JHVWlUNWHQ 6SLW]HQ RGHU DXV 7OO PLW HLQHP WLHIHQ $XVVFKQLWW GLH SHWLQLHLQHZHLVVHLQ*ROGHQJHVWLFNWH%X VHQGHFNHDXV%DXPZROOHGHUVXWDQLQLHLQ NDUULHUWHU 8QWHUURFN DXV %DXPZROOH GHU VXWDQLQL PH HLQ KHOOEODXHU 8QWHUURFN DXV OHLFKWHP%DXPZROOHGHUVXWDQsDUD]L FRKDH GLWs HLQURWDPDUDQWHURGHUIX[LD8QWHUURFN DXV $WODV LQ 6HLGHQ PLW GLFNHQ )DOWHQ ELV DQGHQ.Q|FKHOQODQJPLWYHU]LHUWHP5DQG YRQ HLQHP EUHLWHQ JROGHQHQ %HVDW] GHU FRKsD OODVWsU RGHU FRKs OODPEDGKRU HLQ 5RFN DXVUHLQHP6HLGHQJHZ|KQOLFKHUZHLVHURVD DEHUHUNDQQDXFKJUQRGHUEODXVHLQDXV JHZDO]WLQ*ROGPLWYHU]LHUWHP5DQGYRQHL QHPEUHLWHQJROGHQHQ%HVDW]GDV[KLSXQL HLQURVDRGHUEODXHV0LHGHUPLWGHQLQ*ROG IHLQJHVWLFNWHQbUPHOQPLW%OXPHXVWHUPLW EUHLWHQ VHLWOLFKHQ %lQGFKHQ XQG PLW HLH QHP JROGHQHQ %HVDW] DXI GHQ 6FKXOWHUQ GHU SDQGHUsD HLQ VFKPDOHU *UWHO LQ *RO GHQIlGHQPLWUHFKWHFNLJHU$XVVFKPFNXQJ JHVWLFNWLQ*ROGHQXQGLQ6LOEHUIlGHQJH VHW]WDQGHU+|KHGHV%DXFKHVLOWXYDOsD HLQPLW*ROGHQIlGHQJHZHEWHU6FKOHLHURGHU DXV7OOPLWJROGHQHQ6WLFNHUHLHQGDVSDQ LHLQDPDUDQWHV6FKXOWHUWXFKDXV$WODVEH VHW]WPLWJROGHQHP%HVDW]RGHUDXVURWHP :ROOH PLW 5DQG LQ *ROG 'DV VNDPDQGLOL HLQ.RSIWXFKDXVNRVWEDUHP*HZHEH

9DF D FDUUL]] ]]]R$ $OED OEDQH EDQHV Q H QH H &6

& 0 &6 0 0XV XVHHXP XVHXP XP P GH GGHUU$U $ EsU sUHVK sU H s7 HVK 7UDF UDFKW KW X *R XQ XQG *ROGV *R *ROGV OG WFFNH NH+RF RRFFK] KK]H ]]HHLLWV LWWVXQG  XQQG X QGG )HV )HHVWWU WWUD WUDFK DFKW

9DFFDUL]]R$OEDQHVH &6  0XVHXPGHU$UEsUHVKs7UDFKW XQG*ROGVWFNH +DOVEDQGPLW*HKlQJHGHV -DKUKXQGHUWV

9DF 9 DFFFFDUL]] L R$ R$ $OED OE QHV Q VH HH H  &6

&6 0 &6 0 0 0XVH 0XVH X HXP XXP P GH GHU H $U $UUEsU $ UEsU E UHV HVK VKss7 7UD 7UD UUDF DDFKW K XQ * XQ XQG *ROGV ROG GVW WF FNH F NHH 'H 'HWDL WWDL WD DLLOOG GHU HU U+RFFKK]H ]HLWV LWVVX X XQQG QG GG)HVWWU )HVVWWU W DF WW DFK FKW FK






&DUIL] &DU IL]]L ]L .5 .5 .5 5 0XV 0XVHXP HXPGH GHU UDFFKW GHU7 KW XQGGH XQG GGH GHV% V%DXH V% DXHUQO DXH UQOHEH UQO HE QV QV 7 7UDGLWWLRQHO HOOO OOH7 H 7UDF 7UDF UDFKW KW


&$5),==,‡.$5),&,

.

OHLQHV'RUILP+LQWHUODQGYRQ&URWRQH .LORPHWHUHUYRQGHU,RQLVFKHQ.VWH ZHLWXQG.LORPHWHUYRQGHU+RFKHEHQH 6LOD*HOHJHQDXIHLQHPVFK|QHQ+JHO PEHUGHP0HHUHVVSLHJHOJHWUHQQWYRQWLH IHQ 5LOOHQ YRQ ]ZHL %lFKHUQ 1HEHQIOVVHQ GHV)OXVVHV/LSXGDLQGHPWLHIHQ7DO1HWR JHQLHVVW HLQHU ]DXEHUKDIWHQ $XVVLFKW 'DV 'RUI DOEDQHVLVFKHU 8UVSUXQJ EHZDKUW LKUH %UlXFKHXQG7UDFKWHQ1DFKIOFKWHQ VLFK ]DKOUHLFKH *UXSSHQ $OEDQHU XP GHQ 7UNHQ ]X HQWNRPPHQ LQ GLH /lQGHU YRQ ,UHQH3ULQ]HVVLQYRQ%LVLJQDQRXQG7RFKWHU GHV JHVWRUEHQHQ DOEDQHVLVFKHQ +HOGHV *LRUJLR &DVWULRWD JHQDQQW DOV 6NDQGHUEHJ $P $QIDQJ GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV ZXUGH GDV /HKQ 6DQFWD 9HQHUH  YRP NDWKR OLVFKHP .|QLJ DQ /XFD $QWRQLR 0RUDQR GL &DWDQ]DUR EHVWlWLJHQ GHU HV PLW GHQ *HELHWHQ 7ULYLR &DUILGL XQG &ULVPD EHVD‰ YRQ GHQHQ ZXUGH JHJHQ  &DUIL]]L JHJUQGHW 1DPH GHU YLHOOHLFKW VWDPPW DXV &DUILGL GDV VLFK XQWHUGHVVHQ GLH DQGHUH ]ZHL '|UIHU DQJHHLJQHW KDWWH 'DV 'RUI ZLUGLPPHULQGHU1XPPHULHUXQJGHU)HXHU )DPLOH  HUVFKHLQHQ $XFK ZHQQ HV YRQ GHQ %HVWHXHUXQJHQ LQ GHU HUVWHQ +lOIWH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV 2UWVFKDIW YRQ XQJH IlKU DFKW]LJ $OEDQHU XQG GHP 'RSSHOWH LQ & IL]]L .5  5RPD6WUDVVHLQGHU1DFKWW &DU

&DU DUIL] IL]]L ]L .5 .5 3DQ 3DQRUDPDDXVVLFKW

GHU ]ZHLWHQ +lOIWH EHZRKQW HUZHLVHQ ZLUG ZDU GLH %HY|ONHUXQJ GLH LQ GHQ SDJOLDUL OHEWHQ =ZHLJKWWHQ  RKQH ZHLWHUHV K|KHU :LU ZLVVHQ GDVV GLH $OEDQHU 7HLOH LKUHU DUPHQ6WURKKWWHQ]HUVW|UWHQRGHUYHUEUDQ QHQ DOV GLH .|QLJV]lKOHU VLFK QlKHUWHQ XPGHQ.|QLJVILVNXV]XHQWNRPPHQ1DFK GHU 1XPPHULHUXQJ EDXWHQ VLH VLH ZLHGHU 'DV 'RUI JLQJ  GHQ 'H )LOLSSLV GXUFK 9HUNDXI EHU GDQQ  GHQ 3LVFLRWWD GHQ0LFFLDXQGGHQ&ULVSDQRHUZDU EHQ HV GLH 0DOHQD XQG VLH YHUZDOWHWHQ ELV GLH *HVHOOVFKDIWV]HUVHW]XQJ GHU )HXGDOLWlW   'DV 'RUI ZXUGH  DO *RYHUQR GL6WURQJROLXQWHUJHZRUIHQXQGZXUGH 2UWVWHLOYRQ6DQ1LFRODGHOO·$OWRJLQJ &DUIL]]L YRP 3URYLQ] &RVHQ]D ]XU 3URYLQ] &DWDQ]DUR XP :LOOHQ GHU %RXUERQHQ XQG  PLW HLQHP OHJLVODWLYHQ 'HNUHW JLQJ GHP3URYLQ]&URWRQHEHU,P'RUIVSULFKW PDQ DUEsUHVKs DOWH DOEDQHVLVFKH 6SUDFKH  GLH OHLGHU QXQ QXU JHVSURFKHQ XQG QLFKW JHVFKULHEHQ LVW EHUOLHIHUW IDVW QXU PQG OLFK 6HLW HLQHP SDDU -DKUHQ ZDU DEHU GLH *HPHLQGH /LQJXLVWLVKH 6FKDOWHU JHJUQGHW PLW GHU $XIJDEH GLH JHVSURFKHQH XQG GLH JHVFKULHEHQHDUEsUHVKs6SUDFKH]XEHVFKW ]HQXQG]XEHUOLHIHUQ




=86(+(1 'LH .LUFKH 6DQWD 9HQHUDQGD JHEDXW LQ GHQ VHFK]LJHU -DKUHQ ZR HLQH E\]DQWLQL VFKH .LUFKH PLW GUHL .LUFKHQVFKLIIHQ HLQ PDO HQWVWDQG GLH .LUFKH 6DQW·$QWRQLR HLQ HLQIDFKHV *HElXGH KDW LQZHQGLJ GUHL $OWlUHQ JHZLGPHW E]Z DQ 6DQW·$QWRQLR DQ6DQWD5RVDXQGDQGLH+HLOLJH-XQJIUDX GLH$OWVWDGWPLWVHLQHQVXJJHVWLYHQ6WUDV VHQ XQG *DVVHQ GDV 0XVHXP GHU 7UDFKW XQG GHV %DXHUQOHEHQV PLW GHU DQOLHJHQ GHQ*HPHLQGHELEOLRWKHN'LH+DXSWSODW] UDKML LVWGHU%H]XJVSXQNWMHGHV0RPHQ WHVGHV6R]LDOOHEHQGHU3ODW]6NDQGHUEHJ

)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡ (UVWHV 0DLIHVW 'LH )HLHUOLFKNHLWHQ ILQGHQLP2UW3DUFR0RQWDJQHOODVWDWW DX‰HUGHP7DJGHU$UEHLWHU]XJHGHQNHQ LVW GDV )HVW HLQH 9HUDEUHGXQJ IU GLH JDQ]HDUEsUHVKs*HPHLQVFKDIWGHU3UR YLQ]&URWRQH ‡)HVWGHV+HLOLJHQ$QWRQLRYRQ3DGRYD 6DQ$QGRQL DP-XQL ‡ )HVW GHU +HLOLJHQ 9HQHUDQGD 6RQWD 9HQHUD DPHUVWHQ6RQQWDJLP$XJXVW ‡)HVWGHV=XUFNNRPPHQYRP-XOL ELVDP$XJXVW ‡ :HLQDKFKWVIHLHU =MDUUL L 1DWDKYHW  )UHXGHQIHXHUDXIGHP.LUFKHQSODW]GHU .LUFKH6DQWD9HQHUDQGD ‡ )RFDULQH )XNDULQDW  NOHLQH )UHXGHQ IHXHU DXI GHP .LUFKHQSODW] YRP  1RYHPEHUELVDP'H]HPEHU ‡ 'LH 0{U]L JHIlUEWH YHUIOHFKWH $UP ElQGHUHDOLVLHUWDXV:ROOHRDXV%DXP ZROOHIlGHQGLHQRFKKHXWH-XQJHQXQG .LQGHU GHQ JDQ]HQ 0RQDW 0lU] DP $UP YHUNQRWHW EULQJHQ 'LH 7UDGLWLRQ ZLOOGDVVLP0RQDW0lU]GLHXUVSUQJ OLFK GHU 0RQDW GHU +H[HQ EHWUDFKWHW ZDU PDFKHQ GLHVHOEVWHQ KHUXPODXIHQG 7HXIHOHLHQ'HU%UDXFKGHU0{U]LKDWWH GLH 0DFKW DOOH GLH HV WUXJHQ YRQ GHQ +H[HQ]XVFKW]HQ



VDORQ YRQ ODQJHQ 6RPPHUDEHQGHQ XQG DXV GHP PDQ HLQH DWHPEHUDXEHQGH 3DQ RUDPHQDXVVLFKW JHQLH‰W GHU |IIHQWOLFKH 3DUN PLW DQOLHJHQGHQ $PSKLWKHDWHU PLW XQJHIlKU  6LW]SOlW]HQ 'LH 6SRUWDQ ODJHQXQGGDVVHKUJXWDXVJHVWDWWHWH)UHP GHQYHUNHKUV]HQWUXP VLQG DXI GHP +JHO YRQ 0HQ]LYRQR LQ GHU 1lKH YRP 3DUFR 0RQWDJQHOODGDVOHW]WH,QVWLWXWXPHLQHV GHU YROOVWlQGLJVWHQ %HLVSLHOH YRQ 0LWWHO PHHUPDFFKLD LP +LQWHUODQG 6GLWDOLHQV ]XVFKW]HQXQGLP:HUW]XVWHLJHUQGLH 5XLQHQHLQLJHU:DVVHUPKOHDXIGHP3IDG GHUGHQ/DXIGHV%DFKHV0DQ]HOODIROJW

&DDUIL] &DU I ]L L .5

.5 .5 5 

$PS PS SKLWKHD KLWKHDDWHU KLW WHHU

&DU DUIL IL] L]]L ]LL .5 .5  .5



(LQ (LQ0l 0l 0llGFK 0 lGF GFKHHQ GFK QLQ LQ Q GGHU HUUWUD U W GLW LWLRQ L HOOHQ7UDFKW


6DDDQQ1L 6DQ 6 1 FRODGHOO¶$OWR .5 5 

$OW $OWWVWDGW

6 Q1L 6DQ 1L 1 FRO FRODDG GHOO HOO¶$O ¶$OWR ¶$O WR .5 WR .5 . .  0RQWH 0RQ WH3L] WH 3 ]XW 3L] ]XWD D 'HQ D 'H NPD PDOG OGHV OG HVV )UL HV ULHGH UL H QV HG HGH

)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡ 'DV )DVWQDFKWVIHVW EHJLQQW QDFK GHP 'UHLN|QLJVIHVW 'LH YDOOH XQG NDUQHYDULW VLQG 7lQ]H 5HLJHQ  PLW GHP VFKQHOOHP 5K\WPXV,Q6DQ1LFRODGHOO·$OWREHVWHKW GHU .UHLV GHU 7lQ]HU DXV 0lGFKHQ XQG .QDEHQ LQ GHU WUDGLWLRQHOOHQ 7UDFKW XQG GLHGLHbUPHDXIGHP%UXVWGHU1DFKED UHQ JHNUHX]W KHEHQ =ZHL -XQJHQ IKUHQ GHQ 7DQ] ]LHKHQG DEZHFKVHOG GLH .HW WH GXUFK HLQ 7DVFKHQWXFK JHEXQGHQ DP $UPGHU]ZHL)UDXHQDQGHQ]ZHL(QGHQ GHUVHOEHU .HWWH 'DV VHOEVWH :RUW YDOOH  EH]HLFKQHWDXFKGLH*HVlQJHGLHZlKUHQG GHVVXJJHVWLYHQ7DQ]HVJHVXQJHQZXUGHQ 'LHYDOOHVLQGHLQNODUHV%HLVSLHOWUDGLWLR QHOOHUDOEDQHVLVFKHQ0HWULNRKQH5HLPH ‡ 'DV 3DWURQVIHVW GHV +HLOLJHQ 0LFKHOH $UFDQJHOR (V ILQGHW DP HUVWHQ 6RQQWDJ XQG DP HUVWHQ 0RQWDJ LP 0DL VWDWW (V LVWGHU0RPHQWLQGHPGHU'RUIZLHGHU EHY|ONHUHW ZLUG ZHJHQ GHU ]DKOUHLFKHQ $XVZDQGHUHUGLHZHJHQGHU$QGDFKW]X UFNNRPPHQDEHUDXFKIUGLH$QZHVHQ KHLW YRQ /HXWH GHU *UHQ]G|UIHU GLH DP 0RQWDJDEHQG GHP VXJJHVWLYHQ $XIVWLHJ DXIGHQ%HUJ6DQ0LFKHOHPLW(LIHUWHLO

QHKPHQ EHJOHLWHQG  GLH 6WDWXH PLW )D NHOQXQG*HVlQJH ‡'DV+RFK]HLWVIHVW1DFKGHP7UDGLWLRQ ZLUGLQ6DQ1LFRODGHOO·$OWRGLH+RFK]HLW DP 6RQQWDJ ]HOHEULHUW DXFK ZHQQ GHU 5LWXV HLQLJHQ 7DJHQ YRUKHU EHJDQQ $P 'RQQHUVWDJ VWHOOWH GLH 0XWWHU GHU %UDXW GLH $XVVWHXHU DXV XQG VLQJHQG HLQH $UW *HVDQJ ]lKOWH VLH DXV VKWLPL OsYHUHW  DQ KlXIHQG VLH DXI GHQ %RGHQ DP $EHQG KDWWH GLH =HULPRQLH GHV EUXPL VWDWW HLQH 0LVFKXQJ YRQ 0HKO XQG :DVVHU RKQH +HIHRGHUDQGHUVDP6DPVWDJPRUJHQYRU GHP+RFK]HLWVVRQQWDJJHKHQGLH6FKZLH JHUPXWWHU LQ GDV ]XNQIWLJH +DXV GHU 9HUPlKOWHQEHUHLWHWHQGDV+RFK]HLWVEHWW PLW GHQ JHVWLFNWHQ %HWWFKHUQ XQG GHQ 'HFNHQ GHU $XVVWHXHU 'HQ HQJVWHQ 9HU ZDQGWHQGHU]ZHL(KHOHXWHZDU]XVWLPPW GDV+DXV]XEHVXFKHQXQGGDV+RFK]HLWV EHWWGLH$XVVWHXHUXQGGLHYHUVFKLHGHQHQ 6WLFNHUHLHQ ]X EHZXQGHUQ GDQQ ZXUGHQ DXI GDV %HWW DOV *OFNZXQVFK 5HLV 3DUL VHU0DQGHOQ*HOGXQG(LHUJHZRUIHQ$P $EHQG EHJDQQHQ GLH )HLHUQ PLW 7lQ]HQ XQG*HVlQJHQDP0RQWDJKDWWHGLH=HUL PRQLHXQGGDVUHFKWH)HVWVWDWW




75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 8UVSUQJOLFK ZDU GDV +RFK]HLWVNHLG EH NDQQWDOVFRKDHLQ*HVFKHQNGHV%UlXWLJDP 'DV .OHLG ZLUG YRQ GHU ]XNQIWLJHU %UDXW GDVHUVWH0DODP+RFK]HLWVWDJDQJH]RJHQ /HLGHU EOHLEHQ XQV ZHQLJH 6WFNH GHU VHKU VFK|QHQ7UDFKWZHLOVLFKGLH)UDXHQYRQ6DQ 1LFROD WUDGLWLRQHOO JHUDGH PLW GHU HLJHQHQ ZHUWYROOHQ)HVWWUDFKWEHJUDEHQOLH‰HQ'LHVH ZDUVRJHELOGHWGHUOLQMDHLQEUHLWHUZHLVVHU 8QWHUURFN DXV /HLQHQ PLW HLQHP EUHLWHQ $XVVFKQLWWYHU]LHUWDQGHQ]ZHL6HLWHQPLW HLQHU JHNUlXVHOWHQ 6SLW]HQ JHQDQQW WKHNsW JHVWLFNWDQGHU+|KHGHV$UPVXQGGHU3XOVH VROFKH6WLFNHUHLHQZDUHQTLQGuWJHVDJW EHU GHPOLQMDWUXJPDQGHUVXWDQHOLHLQHQODQJHQ DQGHQ+IWHQJHNUlXVHOWHQhEHUURFNJDQ] SOLVVLHUWODQJELVDQGHQ.Q|FKHOQXQGPLW HLQHPJHVWLFNWHQ5DQGPLWHLQHP%DQGJH QDQQWoLQGDDXIGHPGLHOLQMDDQGHQNXUSHWL WUXJHLQHQVHKUNXU]HQ0LHGHUDXV$WODVLQ 6HLGHQGHUGHQ%VWHQKDOWHUHUVHW]WHYRUQH RIIHQXQGPLWGHQ.QRSIO|FKHUQGLHIUGHQ 'XUFKJDQJHLQHV6FKQUFKHQVEUDXFKWHQVR GDVVGLH%LHVHQXQWHUGHP%XVHQJHVFKORVVHQ KDOWHQ DXI GHP 0LHGHU ]ZHL +RVHQWUlJHU GLHEUDXFKWHQGLHELV]XP8QWHUDUPNXU]HQ bUPHO]XELQGHQXPGLH0DQVFKHWWHQOLQMD VHKHQ]X]XVWLPPHQEHUHLFKHUWYRQ+RKO VDXPVWLFK 6WLFNHUHLHQ GHU 5RFN FRKD DXV $WODVLP6RPPHUDXV:ROOHLP:LQWHUYHU OlQJHUWHVLFKLP9RUGHUWHLOELVGHQ%XVHQZLH HLQ0LHGHUXP]XJHEHQGLHVHU7HLOZDUYRQ HLQJHVHW]WHQ XQG EHIHVWLJVWHQ 5RKUOHLVWHQ ]ZLVFKHQ]ZHL6WRIIVFKLFKWHQVWHLIJHPDFKW XQGJHVWLFNWPLW%LOGHUYRQ*HIOJHOV+HU ]HQ XQG %OXPHQ DXI GHP .RSI ZDU GLH QDS]D JHVHW]W HLQH ZHLVVH .RSIEHGHFNXQJ DXV /HLQHQ DQKHIWHW GXUFK HLQ JROGHQHV +DDUPDGHO'LH%UDXWSIOHJWGLH)ULVXUVHKU XQG WUlJW DXFK DX‰HQRUGHQWOLFKH 6FKPN NHXQWHUGHQHQGLHSDQDUDFL2KUULQJHDXV *ODVSHUOHQGDVSHUQDHLQ+DOVEDQGPLWYHU VFKLHGHQHQ 3HUOHQIlGHQ XQG GHQ NXUQLROOD HLQHQ*ROGULQJPLWHLQHUJHIDVVWHQ6WHLQDXV .DUQHRODXIGHP(LQVFKQLWWHGHU.ULHJHUJH VLFKWHUGDUJHVWHOOWVLQG



6D 1L 6DQ 1 FR 1L FRODG D GHOO H ¶$O $ WR WR .5 5 0lG 0lGGFKH 0l F QLQG QGGHU HUU WUD W GLWLRQ GLWL HOO HOOHQ HQ 7UD 7UDFKW F FKW


)(67(81'92/65,7(1 ‡ )HVW GHV 0XWWHUJRWWHV YRQ %HOODFDYD DPELVDP$XJXVW3UR]HVVLRQXQG )DFNHO]XJGHUYRQGHU.LUFKH0DGRQQDGL %HOODFDYD DEIlKUW XQG ELV DQ GHU .LUFKH +HLOLJH$QGUHDDQNRPPW ‡ ,P 6RPPHU ILQGHQ ]DKOUHLFKH HQRJD VWURQRPLVFKHQ9RONVIHVWHLP'RUIVWDWW ‡)HVWGHV+HLOLJHQ$QGUHD$SRVWRORDP 1RYHPEHU*RWWHVGLHQVWXQG3UR]HVVLRQ ‡5UROOH]DRUUROOH]LWHLQ9RONVVSLHOGDVHLQH ZLFKWLJH 6WHOOH XQWHQ GHQ =HLWYHUWUHLEHQ KDWWHHVEHVWHKWLQGHP:XUIHLQH6FKHLEH DXV +RO] RGHU HLQ VWFN .lVH GMDWKL  DXI HLQH HEHQH 2EHUIOlFKH JHZ|KQOLFKHUZHLVH HLQH6WUDVVHDXVHVJHZDQQZHUNRQQWHGLH 6FKHLEHDPZHLWHVWHQDOOHUKDOWHQODVVHQ

75$',7,21(//(75$&+7 =XP *OFN VLQG HLQLJH .OHLGXQJVVWFNH GHU RULJLQHOOHQ VHKU VFK|QHQ WUDGLWLRQHOOHQ DUEsUHVKs7UDFKWHQLP9HQDYRQ0DLGDJH EOLHEHQ'LHVH.OHLGHUZHUGHQQXUDQOl‰OLFK ZLFKWLJHU $XVVWHOOXQJHQ JHEUDXFKW 'LH WUD GLWLRQHOOH 7UDFKW JHWUDJHQ YRQ GHQ )UDXHQ YRQ9HQD]HLJWHDUFKDLVFKH%HVWDQGWHLOHGHU 7UDFKWGHU,OOLUHQDXWRFKWRQHQ%HY|ONHUXQJ GHV%DONDQV'LH)UDXHQWUDFKWXQWHUVFKLHGHQ VLFK LQYHUVFKLHGHQHQ 7\SRORJLHQ'LH )HVW WUDFKW RGHU %UDXWWUDFKW GLH +DOEIHVWWUDFKW GLHWlJOLFKH7UDFKWXQGGLH7UDXHUWUDFKW'LH %HVWDQGWHLOH DXV GHQ VLH EHVWHKW ZDUHQ GLH OLQMDHLQHZHLVVHODQJH%OXVHDXV/HLQHQPLW EUHLWHQ bUPHOQ PLW NRVWEDUHQ 6WLFNHUHLHQ XQGHLQHZHLFKH6SLW]HJHQlKWDP+DOVGHU %OXVHDXIGHUOLQMDWUXJPDQGDVJDUGDNRULHLQ DQGHU7DLOOHDQOLHJHQGHV0LHGHURKQHbUPHO DXV URWHP 6DPW EHGHFNW PLW JROGHQHQ XQV VLOEHUQHQ 6WLFNHUHLHQ GDV GHQ %VWHQKDOWHU HUVHW]WH RIIHQ YRUQH DEHU PLW ]ZHL +RVHQ WUlJHUQPLWGHQ%LHVHQXQWHUGHP%XVHQGLH JHVFKORVVHQZHUGHQEUDXFKHQGHLQ6FKQU FKHQDXIGHUOLQMDWUXJPDQGHQFRKDHLQHQ EUHLWHQ hEHUURFN DXV $WODV LQ 6HLGHQ RGHU 'DPDVNDWODV DXV KHOOHU RGHU GXQNOHU )DUEH

9HQDGL0DLGD &= 3UR]HVVLR VL QGGHV0DG VLR HV0DG 0D D RQQ Q DGGL% %HOO HOODF DDFD F YD

9 DG 9HQ DDG GL0 L0 0DLG LG GDD  &= &=

& =

0lG 0l 0 llGGFKHQLQGHUWUD UDGGLLWLRQ QHOO HOOHQ HQ7UD HQ 7UD UDDFKW KKWW

PLW%OXPHPXVWHUPLWHLQHPIHLQGHNRULHUWHQ 5DQG,QGHUWlJOLFKHQ7UDFKW]RJPDQGHQ KDGGDOLTDHLQHQ.LWWHODXVYHUVFKLHGHQ)DUEH JHVWLFNW PLW WUDGLWLRQHOOHU 0XVWHU 'HU EH VRQGHUH%HVWDQGWHLOGHU.OHLGXQJVVWFNHYRQ 9HQDLVWGLHNH]DHLQHNOHLQH.RSIEHGHFNXQJ GLH KLHU LP 9HUJOHLFK ]X DOOHQ DQGHUHQ DU EsUHVKs*HPHLQVFKDIWHQHLQHHLQ]LJH)RUP LQVHLQHU*DWWXQJQDKPHLQ$UWUHFKWHFNLJHV 6FKLIIFKHQDXVURWHP6DPWRGHUDQGHUHQOHE KDIWHQ)DUEHQJDQ]JHVWLFNWXQGDXIEHZDKUW GHQYHUKHLUDWHWHQ)UDXHQ






6DQQ1 1LFRO 1L FRODG DG GHOO HOO¶$O ¶$OWR WR .5 .5

 0lGFKHQL Q LQGHUWUDGLWLRQ LRQHOO HOO OOOHQ H 7UD HQ 7UDDFKW 7U FK K


% DO %DJ DODDGL GL 5& 5&  5&

DOW DOWH: DO HH: : :DVVHUP DVV V HUP UPK UP KO KKOH

=86(+(1 'LH .LUFKH 66 $QQXQ]LDWD HUULFKWHW YRQ GHP (U]ELVFKRI G·$IILWWR  HLQ *HElXGH PLW HLQHP HLQ]LJHQ .LUFKHQ VFKLII EHZDKUW LQZHQGLJ HLQ 0DUPRU JUXSSH DXVVHUJHZ|KQOLFKHU %HGHXWXQJ GDUVWHOOHQG 0DULD 9HUNQGLJXQJ UHDOL VLHUW ZDKUVFKHLQOLFK  ]XHUNHQQWW YRQ HLJHQHQ .ULWLNHUQ DQ GHU :HUVWDWW YRQ *DJLQL 'LH 6NXOSWXU EHWUDFKWHQV ZHUWHU 9HUKlOWQLVVH ZXUGH DXV ZHLVVHP 0DUPRUYRQ&DUUDUDUHDOLVLHUWGLHgKO PKOH DOWHV *HElXGH GHV (QGH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV ZXUGH QHXOLFK UHVWDXULHUW XQG IU 0HKU]ZHFNUDXP YRUJHVHKHQ GHU NXOWUHOOH (UHLJQLVVH EHKHUEHUJHQ NDQQ,QZHQGLJEHZDKUWPDQXUVSUQJOL FKH0DVFKLQHQGLHY|OOLJIXQNWLRQLHUHQ GHVLQGGDIKUQW]OLFKGLH7HFKQRORJLHQ GHU9HUJDQJHQJHLW]XHUOlXWHUQGLH:DV VHUPKOHJHEDXWXQGRUGQXQJVJH Pl‰ IXQNWLRQLHUHQG ELV  9RQ GHQ 5XLQHQGHU0KOHVLWXLHUWDQGHQ5lQ GHUQ GHV %DFKHV YRQ GHP JHVSHLVW ZXU GHLVWHVP|JOLFKGLHDOWHQ*HWULHEHQ]X VHKHQGHU3DODVW3DQQXWLJHEDXW GDV 0XVHXP GHV gOHV GLH 5XLQHQ GHU %DVLOLDQHU=|QRELHQGHV7DOVGHV7XFFLR



%DJDOD %DJ JDOD O GL 5& ODGL GLL 5& GGL 5& & 

  DOW DOWWHg DOWHg gKOP KOPKO K KO KO KOHH

)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡ )HVW GHU +HLOLJHQ $QQXQ]LDWD DP ]ZLWHP6DPVWDJLP-XOL:lKUHQGGHV UHOLJL|VUQ)HVWILQGHWGHU-DKUPDUNWGHV 9LHKV VWDWW W\SLVFKHQ ODQGZLUWVFKDIW OLFKH (U]HXJQLVVH *HJHQVWlQGH XQG :HUN]HXJH GHU WUDGLWLRQHOOHQ .XQVW KDQGZHUNHV ‡)HVWGHV%DQQHUVDPHUVWHP6RQQWDJ LP$XJXVWZlKUHQGGHV]LYLOHQ)HVWVILQ GHW GDV 9RONVIHVW GHU W\SLVFKHQ 2UWVHU ]HXJQLVVHGHV*UDHNDQLVFKH=RQHVWDWW ‡)HVWLYDO3DOHDUL]DHWQRNXOWXUHOOH0X VLNHUHLJPLV 'LH :DQGHUYHUDQVWDOWXQJ ILQGHW LQ $XJXVW LQ GHQ '|UIHUQ GHV *UDHNDQLVFKH=RQHVWDWW ‡ )HVW GHV 0XWWHUJRWWHV GHU 0RQWH &DUPHORDPGULWWHQ:RFKHLP$XJXVW :DOOIDKUW 3UR]HVVLRQ XQG ]LYLOH XQG UHOLJL|VH)HLHUOLFKNHLWHQ ‡ 6FKXW]SDWURQVIHVW GHV +HLOLJHQ 7HRGRUR0DUWLUHDP1RYHPEHU ‡/HEHQGH:HLKQDFKWVNULSSHYRP 'H]HPEHU DP  -DQXDU ,P IDV]LQLH UHQGHP $OWGRUI EHUHLFKHUW PLW OHEKDI WHQ )DUEHQ GHU WUDGLWLRQHOOH 7UDFKWHQ VRZLH GHU W\SLVFKKH %KQHQELOGHU GHU HKHPDOLJHQKDQGZHUNOLFKHQ%HUXIH


%5$1&$/(21(‡63e/8*;

'

HVDOWHQ'RUIHV%UDQFDOHRQH6XSHULRUH KHXWH YHUODVVHQ EOHLEHQ GLH 5XLQHQ VHLQHU PLWWHODOWHULVFKHQ 8UVSQJH ,P 'RUI VWHOOW PDQ DX‰HUGHP OlQGOLFKH QRFK XQEHUKUWH %HVRQGHUKHLWHQ IHVW GLH HLQH NODUH /HNWUH GHU UVSUQJOLFKHQ $QVLHGOXQJVWUXNWXU]XVWLPPHQ JHJOLHGHUW LQ]ZHL.HUQHQGHUHUVWHLVWLQGHU1lKHGHU 6WlWWH GHU DOWH .LUFKH GHU $GGRORUDWD XQG XPPLWWHOEDUKLQWHUHLQHP)HOVDXIGHPGDV 6FKOR‰HQWVWDQGGHU]ZHLWH.HUQHQWVWDQ GHQYLHOOHLFKWQDFKGHU1LHGHUODJHGHU$UDEHU DOV GDV 6FKOR‰ VHLQH 9HUWHLGLJXQJVIXQNWLRQ YHUORUHQKDWWHOLHJWVGOLFKEHLGHU.LUFKH GHU$QQXQ]LDWD%UDQFDOHRQH9HWXVVRZLH YRQGHQ+LVWRULNHUJHQDQQWZLUGKLH‰LQGHU 9HUJDQJHQKHLW 6SHUOLQJD RGHU 6SHUORQJD DXV GHU/DWHLQ6SHOXQFDXQGDXVGHU*ULHFKLVFK .DODEUHVLVFK6SpOXJ[PLWGHU%HGHXWXQJYRQ *URWWH RGHU +|KOH 9RQ GHQ 8UVSUQJHQ GHV 'RUIHV LVW GHU JODXEHQZUGLJVWH DP EUHLWHQ%HZHJXQJGHU)KUHUJHEXQGHQGLH LQ.DODEULHQVHLWGHPXQG-DKUKXQGHUW $'VWDWWIDQGNRPPHQDXV0RUJHQODQG PLWGHP*HIROJHYRQ%DVLOLDQHU3IDUUHUXQG 0|QFKH 0LW GHU $QNXQIW GHU 0|QFKH LQ GHP%RYHVLDHLQ%H]LUNGHUDOWH'L|]HVHGHU 6WDGW %RYD GHP GDV *HELHW %UDQFDOHRQH JHK|UW KDWWH GHQ JDQ]HQ 5DXP HLQH ZLFK WLJH(QWZLFNOXQJYLHOHVLQGGLHZHJHQLKUHU

%UDQFD %UD QF OHR QFD HR RQH QHH 0DUULQD LQD 5  5 5&  5 & ' &

&  'HU HU6W 6 UDQ UDQGG UD

%UDQFDOHRQH0DULQD 5& 3DQRUDPDDXVVLFKW

$QZHVHQKHLW HQWVWDQGHQHQ 6WDGW]HQWUHQ XQG IU ZHJHQ IHU ZRKOWlWLJHQ :HUNH GLH VLH PDFKWHQ 'LH 0|QFKH EHUHLFKHU WH GLHVH 2UWVFKDIWHQ PLW QHXHQ NXOWX UHOOHQ %HVWDQGWHLOHQ NRPPHQG DXV GHU 2VWJULHFKLVFKHQ:HOWXQWHQGHQHQGLHUHOL JL|VHQ5LWHQGLH6SUDFKHXQGGLH%UlXFKH 'HU $OWGRUI HUOLWW   XQG  QDFKGHP(UGEHEHQVHKUHUQVWHQ6FKlGHQ VR ZXUGH GLH hEHUWUDJXQJ GHU 2UWVFKDIW ]XU*HVDPWODVWGHV6WDDWVEHVFKORVVHQDEHU GDQQ ZXUGH  GHU %HVFOX‰ ZLGHUJHUX IHQ 'DV 'RUI ZXUGH QDFK XQG QDFK YRQ VHLQHQ (LQZRKQHUQ YHUODVVHQ XQG  IROJHQGV HLQHU hEHUVFKZHPPXQJ ZLUG DOV *HPHLQGHVLW] YRQ %UDQFDOHRQH 0DULQD HUVHW]WHLQHP6WlGFKHQHQWVWDQGHQDXIGHU LRQLVFKHQ .VWH 'HU 6HHRUW GHU LVW XQJH IlKU.LORPHWHUYRPDOWHQ'RUIZHLWHQW ZLFNHOWVLFKDQGHU.VWHEHU.LORPHWHU XQG LVW HLQ VFKRQHU XQG OHEKDIWHU %DGHRUW GHU EHNDQQWHQ 5LYLHUD GHL *HOVRPLQL QlKP OLFK VLQG JHUDGH  LQ %UDQFDOHRQH GLH HUVWQH 3IODQ]HQ -DVPLQ HLQJHIKUW JHZRU GHQGLHKHXWH]XZHLWHQ*HPHLQGHUlXPHQ DQJHSIODQ]W ZHUGHQ (V LVW DXFK EHNDQQW DOVGLH´6WDGWGHU6FKLOGNU|WHQµZHJHQGHU KlXILJHQ1HVWEDXWHQGHU0HHUUVFKLOGNU|WHQ &DUHWWD &DUHWWD DXI LKUHQ 6WUlQGHQ  .LORPHWHUL YRQ %UDQFDOHRQH ZHLW OLHJW GHU NOHLQH2UWVWHLO*DODWL






*D OLF *DO OLFLDQ LDQzG zGL& GL &RQG RQGRIX GRIX I UL UL 5& L 5& 5&  5&

 .LU . FK .L FKH KKHH6D 6D 6DQ* Q *LRY Q* LRYDQ LRY DQQL% L %DWW DWWLVW WWLVWDD


0(/,72 ',325726$/92‡0(/Ï72

$

QPXWLJHV6WlGFKHQLQGHU3URYLQ]5HJJJLR &DODEULD LVW GLH ZHLWHVWH 2UWVFKDIW GHU JUDHNDQLVFKHQ =RQH *HJUQGHW YRQ GHQ (LQZRKQHUQ YRQ 3HQWHGDWWLOR GLH YHUODV VHQ GDV $OWGRUI DXI GLH .VWH XPVLHGHO WHQ DQJH]RJHQ YRQ EHVVHUHQ $XVVLFKWHQ GLH GLH .VWHQVWDGW PLW GHP $QEDX GL $JUXPHQSIODQ]XQJHQ :HLQEHUJHQ 2OLYHQKDLQHQXQGGHP0DXOEHHUEDXPELHWHW 0HOLWR DXI *ULHFKLVFK.DODEUHVLVFK 0HOuWR YHUGDQNW GHU $QZHVHQKHLW GHV KRPRQ\PHQ )OXVVHV SRWDPzV WX 0HOuWX VHLQH 1DPH HQW VWHKWLQHLQHU+JHOODJHDEIODFKHQGJHJHQGLH ,RQLVFKH.VWHZRGLHQHXVWHQ(UZHLWHUXQJHQ ORNDOLVLHUW VLQG 'DV 0HHUVWlGFKHQ HUVWUHFNW VLFK QDKWORVV DXI XQJHIlKU  .LORPHWHU .VWH 1DFK GHQ 2UWVKLVWRULNHU ZDU GHU 2UW VLFKHU LQ GHU VSlWURPDQLVFKHU (SRFKH EHZRKQW GLH %HVWlWLJXQJ GLHVHU 7KHRULH LVW GDV :LHGHUHUILQGHQ HLQHU 1HNURSROH LQ GHP N|FKVWH 7HLO EHL GHP +JHOFKHQ &DOYDULR  1DFK HLQHU /HJHQGH VROOWH HLQ *HPlOGH PLW GHU %LOGQLV HLQHV 0XWWHUJRWWHV JHIXQGHQ DXI GHP 6WUDQG LQ GHU =HLW GHU VDUD]HQLVFKHQ (LQIlOOH DXV GHP 0HHU DQJHNRPPHQ VHLQ XP GHQ 2UW XQG VHLQH (LQZRKQHU YRQ GHQ WUNLVFKHQ 6WUHLI]JH ]X EHVFKW]HQ $XI GHP 2UW GHU :LHGHUHUIXQGHQ EDXWHQ GLH (LQZRKQHU YRQ 0HOLWR HLQ +HLOLJWXP GLH 0HOLWRGL3RUWR6DOYR O  5&  +H OLJWXP0DGRQQDGL3RUWR6DOYR +HL

0 LWRGLL3RUWR 0HO WR6D 6DOYR OYR 5  5&  & 3DQ 3DQRUD RUDPDD D XVVLFKW

KHXWH GLH KHLOLJH %LOGQLV DXIQLPPW 0LW GHU *HVHOOVFKDIWV]HUVHW]XQJGHU)HXGDOLWlWZXUGHQ DOOH GLH *HELHWH YRQ 0HOLWR GHQ 0DUFKHVHQ 5DPLUH] DXV VSDQLVFKHU +HUNXQIW HUZRU EHQ GLH GLH ODQGZLUWVFKDIWOLFKH 3URGXNWLRQ YHUVWlUNHQ HLQOHLWHQG $JUXPHQSIODQ]XQJHQ XQG :HLQEHUJH DOVR 4XDOLWlWVDQEDXWHQ ZLH GLH%HUJDPRWWH'HU2UWVWHLO3HQWHGDWWLOR R 3HQWLGDWWLOR  DXV %\]DQWLQLVFK SHQWHGjNW\ ORVIQI)LQJHULVWGDVSLWWRUHVNHVWH'RUIYRQ .DODEULHQ DQJHOHKQW DQ HLQHP ULHVLJHQ )HOV P DXV6DQGVWHLQJOHLFKWHLQHUULHVLJHQ +DQGJHJHQGHQ+LPPHODXIJHKRQHQXPGLH DOWHQ :RKQXQJHQ DXI GHP VWHLOHQ %HUJKDQJ KRFK]XKHEHQ RGHU DXVUXWVFKHQ ]X ODVVHQ 'DV 'RUI LP  -DKUKXQGHUW ZDU YRQ GHQ 1RUPDQQHQHUREHUWXQGLQGHU)ROJHLQHLQH %DURQLH XPZDQGHOW DQYHUWUDXW GHU )DPLOLH $EHQDYROLYRQGHP.|QLJ5XJJHURG·$OWDYLOOD 'HU hEHUJDQJ YRP UHOLJL|VHP JULHFKLVFKHQ 5LWXV]XPODWHLQLVFKHQ5LWXVIDQGVWDWW ,Q GHU ]ZHLWHQ +lOIWH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV ZXUGHGLH9HUVFKLHEXQJDOOHU]LYLOHXQGUHOLJL |VH,VWLWXWLRQHQYRQ3HQWHGDWWLORQDFK0HOLWR YHUYROOVWlQGLJW $QGHUH 2UWVWHLOH YRQ 0HOLWR GLH VLFK DXI GHQ ,RQLFKHQ .VWHQ ]HLJHQ VLQG 0XVD $QQj 6DQ /HRQDUGR 3LODWL 3UXQHOOD 3DOOLFD $UPj /DFFR &DUHGLD H 0XVXSXQLWL




3 O L ]]L 0DUL 3DO 0D L QD D 5& 5&

 5

 0 WLU 0D 0DU L L3 LU L3ODW 3 ODW D ]X ] X QQG ] ]XQG GG .LUUFKH G.LU K 66 665 66 5 5 HGH HGHQWR G QWR QWRUH WRUH

=86(+(1 ,Q 3DOL]]L 6XSHULRUH GLH VXJJHVWLYH $OW VWDGW GLH .LUFKH 6DQW·$QQD JHEDXW LP  -DKUKXQGHUW EHVFKHLGHQH *HElXGH PLW *ORFNHQWXUP XQG HLQHU ZLFKWLJHQ E\]DQWLQLVFKHQ.XSSHOPLWGHP,QQHUHQ PLWGUHL.LUFKHQVFKLIIHQGLHGHQ+DXSW DOWDU PLW GHU 0DUPRUVWDWXH GDUVWHOOHQG 6DQW·$QQD PLW GHU +HLOLJHQ -XQJIUDX LP $UP EHKHUEHUJW GDV 6FKOR‰ JHOHJHQ DXI HLQHU KRKHLWVYROOHU )HVWXQJ LVW 1D ]LRQDOPRQXPHQW HUNOlUW ZRUGHQ  ZLUG YRQ GHU )DPLOLH &RORQQD ZLHGHU JHEDXW XQG  ZXUGH XP :LOOHQ GHV %DURQV 7LEHULR GH %ODVLR HUZHLWHUW XQG XPVWUXNWXULHUW LQQZHQGLJ GDV :DSSHQ

)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡ )HVW GHV 0XWWHUJRWWHV GHU $OLFD DP 0DLILQGHWLP2UWVWHLO3LHWUDSHQQDWD VWDWW ‡ )HVW GHV 0XWWHUJRWWHV GHO &DUPHOR DP-XOL ‡ )HVW GHU +HLOLJHQ $QQD DP  -XOL =ZHL 3DUDOOHOXP]JH GLH YRQ ]ZHL YHU VFKLHGHQHQ gUWHQ GHV 'RUIHV DEIDKUHQ EULQJHQGLH6WDWXHQGHV&DUPLQHXQGGHU +HLOLJHQ$QQDLQ3UR]HVVLRQGLHGLH7UD GLWLRQHU]lKOW0XWWHUXQG7RFKWHUVLQG ‡)HVWLYDO3DOHDUL]DHWQRNXOWXUHOOHV0X VLNHYHQWLP$XJXVW



GHU &RORQQD XQG GLH LQ GHQ DXVJHK|O WHQ *HIlQJQLV]HOOHQ LP OHEHQGHP )HOV LQ GHU 6WUDVVH &DUPLQH GLH .LUFKH GHV 0XWWHUJRWWHVGHO&DUPLQHJHEDXWJHJHQ  LQ 3LHWUDSHQQDWD GLH 5XLQHQ GHU .LUFKH 6DQWD 0DULD GHOO·$OLFD GLH .LU FKHGHV6SLULWR6DQWRLQZHQGLJEHILQGHW VLFK GLH 0DUPRUKDOEEVWH GDUVWHOOHQG GHQ0XWWHUJRWWHVGHU$OLFDPLW.LQGLP  -DKUKXQGHUW EHKDXW XQG $QWRQHOOR *DJLQL]XHUNDQQWLQ3DOL]]L0DULQDGLH .LUFKH665HGHQWRUHZHQLJHUZHLWYRQ 3DOL]]L 0DULQD NDQQ PDQ GDV .DS (UFR OHEHZXQGHUQGK&DSR6SDUWLYHQWRLQ GHU5|PHU]HLWZDUHVDOV+HUDFOHXP3UR PRQWRULXPEHNDQQW

3DOL]]L 5& 6WUDQGGHU6WUDVVH*UXGD




5RF 5RFFDI RFFDI FD RRUW UWWHG H GHO HGHO HO*UH HO *UHHFR FR R 5& & )LX

)LX )LXPDU PDU PD P DUD$ D$PHQ $PHQQGRO GR HD H JJHVVHKH HKHQY QQYYRQ RQ Q5R 5RF R FDI RF FDIRUW RU HGHO RUW H GHO HG HO*UH *UU FR *UH FR DXV


6DD /R 6DQ /RRUHQ / UHQ UH HQ ]R ] RR 5& ]R 5& 5 &



 8OP 8 HX 8O H X QG QG QG.LU G  .LU .LUFKH FK 6 FKH 6D 6 D Q/ Q / / RUH R Q] RU QQ]R ]R 0D 0DD UWL 0 0DUWL UW UUHH



=86(+(1 ,Q GHP +DXSWSODW] GHV $OWGRUIHV GLH PLWWHODOWHULVFKH .LUFKH 6DQ /RUHQ]R 0DUWLUH LQZHQGLJ HLQH ZHLVVH &DUUD UDPDUPRUVWDWXH GHU 0XWWHUJRWWHV GHO OD 1HYH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV XQG GLH K|O]HUQH 6WDWXH YRQ +HLOLJHQ /RUHQ]R GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV GLH .LUFKH 6DQ )DQWLQR LP KRPRQ\PHQ 2UWVWHLO HLQ *HElXGH JHEDXW  DXI GHU VWHKHQ JHEOLHEHQHQ 6HLWH GHV DOWHQ %DVLOLDQHU .ORVWHUV LQ &KRULR GLH .LUFKH 6DQ 3DVTXDOH %D\ORQ JHEDXW LP  -DKU KXQGHUW GDV *HEXUWVKDXV YRQ +HLOL

JHQ *DHWDQR &DWDQRVR LQ GHU 6WUDVVH 3DSLVFDLQ6DQ3DQWDOHRQHGDV6FKOR‰ GHUEDURQHQ0DQWLFDJHEDXWDP(QGH GHV  -DKUKXQGHUWV GLH .LUFKH 6DQ 3DQWDOHRQHLQ/DQ]HQDGLH.LUFKH6DQ )UDQFHVFR LQ 0DULQD GL 6DQ /RUHQ]R GLH.LUFKHGHU667ULQLWjLQGHU6WUDV VH &DPLQR ]ZLVFKHQ 6DQ 3DQWDOHRQH XQG 6DQ /RUHQ]R GDV +HLOLJWXP 0D ULD 66 $VVXQWD GHOOD &DSSHOOD JHEDXW LP-DKUKXQGHUWLQZHQGLJEHZDKUW PDQHLQHVXJJHVWLYH,NRQHGHU6FKZDU ]HQ0DGRQQD]XUFNOLHJHQGVHKUZDKU VFKHLQOLFKDP-DKUKXQGHUW

)(67(81'92/.65,7(1 ‡6FKXW]SDWURQVIHVWGHV+HLOLJHQ3DVTXD OHDP0DLLQ&KRULR ‡6FKXW]SDWURQVIHVWGHV+HLOLJHQ)UDQFHVFR DPOHW]WHQ6RQQWDJLP-XQLLQ/DQ]HQD ‡6FKXW]SDWURQVIHVWGHV+HLOLJHQ/RUHQ]R 0DULQDYRPELV$XJXVW ‡ 6FKXW]SDWURQVIHVW GHV +HLOLJHQ /RUHQ]R YRP ELV  $XJXVW PLW -DKUPDUNW XQG UHOLJL|VHU

3UR]HVVLRQ$XIVWLHJGHU,NRQHGHU6FKZDU]HQ0D GRQQD DP  -XOL YRQ 6DQ 3DQWDOHRQH QDFK 6DQ /RUHQ]R&HQWUR$EVWLHJGHU,NRQHYRP6DQ/RUHQ ]R]XP+HLOLJWXPDP$XJXVWPLW$QIDQJGHV -DKUPDUNWVGHUVLFKELVDP$XJXVWKLQDXV]LHKW ‡6FKXW]SDWURQVIHVWGHV+HLOLJHQ)DQWLQRDP OHW]WHP6RQQWDJLP$XJXVWLQ6DQ)DQWLQR ‡ )HVW GHV +HLOLJHQ *DHWDQR &DWDQRVR DP 6HSWHPEHU


9LD5RPD‡&DPLJOLDWHOOR6LODQR &6 ,WDO\ WHOHID[‡FHOO ZZZQHZVLODLW‡ODGHD#DOLFHLW


44-8 Sprachliche Identitäten von Kalabrien 17X24 Ger ebook